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Diaphragm Basics Using SDPWS American Wood Council
Diaphragm Basics Using SDPWS American Wood Council
Diaphragm Basics Using SDPWS American Wood Council

Diaphragm Basics Using SDPWS

American Wood Council

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© American Wood Council 2015

SDPWS and IBC

SDPWS and IBC 2008 SDPWS is referenced in 2012 IBC 3
SDPWS and IBC 2008 SDPWS is referenced in 2012 IBC 3

2008 SDPWS is referenced in 2012 IBC

SDPWS and IBC 2008 SDPWS is referenced in 2012 IBC 3
SDPWS and IBC 2008 SDPWS is referenced in 2012 IBC 3

2012 IBC

2012 IBC SECTION FORCE-RESISTING SYSTEMS 2305.1 General. Structures using wood-frame shear walls or wood- frame
2012 IBC SECTION FORCE-RESISTING SYSTEMS 2305.1 General. Structures using wood-frame shear walls or wood- frame

SECTION

FORCE-RESISTING SYSTEMS

2305.1 General. Structures using wood-frame shear walls or wood- frame diaphragms to resist wind, seismic or other lateral loads shall be designed and constructed in accordance with AF&PA SDPWS and the applicable provisions of Sections 2305, 2306 and 2307.

LATERAL

2305

GENERAL

DESIGN

REQUIREMENTS

FOR

SDPWS and the applicable provisions of Sections 2305, 2306 and 2307. LATERAL 2305 GENERAL DESIGN REQUIREMENTS
SDPWS and the applicable provisions of Sections 2305, 2306 and 2307. LATERAL 2305 GENERAL DESIGN REQUIREMENTS

2012 IBC

2012 IBC 2306.2 Wood diaphragms.2306.2.1 Wood -frame structural panel diaphragms. Wood -frame structural panel
2012 IBC 2306.2 Wood diaphragms.2306.2.1 Wood -frame structural panel diaphragms. Wood -frame structural panel

2306.2 Wood diaphragms.2306.2.1 Wood-frame structural panel diaphragms. Wood-frame structural panel diaphragms shall be designed and constructed in accordance with AF&PA SDPWS. Where panels are fastened to framing members with staples, requirements and limitations of AF&PA SDPWS shall be met and Wood structural panel diaphragms are permitted to resist horizontal forces using the allowable shear capacities set forth in Table 2306.2.1(1) or 2306.2.1(2). The allowable shear capacities in Tables 2306.2.1(1) and 2306.2.1(2) are permitted to be increased 40 percent for wind design.

2306.2.2

diagonally sheathed lumber diaphragms shall be designed and constructed in accordance with AF&PA SDPWS.

2306.2.3

Double diagonally sheathed lumber diaphragms shall be designed and constructed in accordance with AF&PA SDPWS.

2306.2.4 Gypsum board diaphragm ceilings. Gypsum board diaphragm ceilings shall be in accordance with Section 2508.5.

Single diagonally sheathed lumber diaphragms. Single

Double diagonally sheathed lumber diaphragms.

lumber diaphragms. Single Double diagonally sheathed lumber diaphragms. Similar changes to 2306.3 for shear walls 5
lumber diaphragms. Single Double diagonally sheathed lumber diaphragms. Similar changes to 2306.3 for shear walls 5

Significant Changes to 2012 IBC

Significant Changes to 2012 IBC 2009$ 2012$ SDPWS$$ 6
Significant Changes to 2012 IBC 2009$ 2012$ SDPWS$$ 6
Significant Changes to 2012 IBC 2009$ 2012$ SDPWS$$ 6

2009$

2012$

Significant Changes to 2012 IBC 2009$ 2012$ SDPWS$$ 6

SDPWS$$

Significant Changes to 2012 IBC 2009$ 2012$ SDPWS$$ 6
Significant Changes to 2012 IBC 2009$ 2012$ SDPWS$$ 6
Significant Changes to 2012 IBC 2009$ 2012$ SDPWS$$ 6

6

Diaphragm Types

Diaphragm Types •   Rigid •   Diaphragm behaves as a fully rigid body •  
Diaphragm Types •   Rigid •   Diaphragm behaves as a fully rigid body •  

Rigid

Diaphragm behaves as a fully rigid body

D diaphragm < 2D shearwalls

Inherent and accidental torsion considered in design

Flexible

Diaphragm behaves as a series of simple beams

D diaphragm > 2D shearwalls

No torsion

Tributary loading to vertical resisting elements (shear walls)

D diaphragm > 2 D shearwalls No torsion Tributary loading to vertical resisting elements (shear walls)

Diaphragm Flexibility

Diaphragm Flexibility •   Idealized as Flexible •   Diaphragm load is distributed to shear walls
Diaphragm Flexibility •   Idealized as Flexible •   Diaphragm load is distributed to shear walls

Idealized as Flexible

Diaphragm load is distributed to shear walls based on tributary area (common for wood frame)

Idealized as Rigid

Diaphragm load is distributed to shear walls based on relative wall stiffness

Semi-rigid

Diaphragm load is distributed to shear walls based on relative stiffness of shear walls and diaphragm

•   Diaphragm load is distributed to shear walls based on relative stiffness of shear walls

SDPWS

SDPWS 2008 SDPWS •   Engineered •   Res and Non-Res •   ASD & LRFD
SDPWS 2008 SDPWS •   Engineered •   Res and Non-Res •   ASD & LRFD

2008 SDPWS

Engineered Res and Non-Res ASD & LRFD Efficiencies in designs Shear wall provisions

Segmented Perforated Force Transfer Around Openings

•   Shear wall provisions •   Segmented •   Perforated •   Force Transfer Around

Chapter 4 - Lateral Force-Resisting Systems

Chapter 4 - Lateral Force-Resisting Systems •   Wood Diaphragms 10
Chapter 4 - Lateral Force-Resisting Systems •   Wood Diaphragms 10

Wood Diaphragms

Chapter 4 - Lateral Force-Resisting Systems •   Wood Diaphragms 10
Chapter 4 - Lateral Force-Resisting Systems •   Wood Diaphragms 10
Chapter 4 - Lateral Force-Resisting Systems •   Wood Diaphragms 10

Chapter 4 – Nominal Design Value

Chapter 4 – Nominal Design Value • Wind nominal unit shear capacity v w •  
Chapter 4 – Nominal Design Value • Wind nominal unit shear capacity v w •  

Wind nominal unit shear capacity v w

IBC allowable stress design value x 2.8

Seismic nominal unit shear capacity v s

v s = v w / 1.4

stress design value x 2.8 •   Seismic nominal unit shear capacity v s •  
stress design value x 2.8 •   Seismic nominal unit shear capacity v s •  
11
11

Adjustment for Design Level

Adjustment for Design Level Nominal unit shear values adjusted in accordance with 4.2.3 to determine ASD
Adjustment for Design Level Nominal unit shear values adjusted in accordance with 4.2.3 to determine ASD

Nominal unit shear values adjusted in accordance with 4.2.3 to determine ASD allowable unit shear

capacity and LRFD factored unit resistance.

ASD unit shear capacity, v s :

v s = 520 plf / 2.0 = 260 plf

capacity, v s : v s = 520 plf / 2.0 = 260 plf ASD reduction

ASD reduction factor Reference nominal valuecapacity, v s : v s = 520 plf / 2.0 = 260 plf LRFD unit

LRFD unit shear capacity, v s :

v s = 520 plf x 0.80 = 416 plf

unit shear capacity, v s : v s = 520 plf x 0.80 = 416 plf
unit shear capacity, v s : v s = 520 plf x 0.80 = 416 plf

LRFD resistance factor

Reference nominal value

Adjustment for Framing G

Adjustment for Framing G •   Reduced nominal unit shear capacities determined by multiplying the tabulated
Adjustment for Framing G •   Reduced nominal unit shear capacities determined by multiplying the tabulated

Reduced nominal unit shear capacities determined by multiplying the tabulated nominal unit shear capacity by the Specific Gravity Adjustment Factor

SG Adjustment Factor = [1.0-(0.50-G)] < 1.0

Example SG Adjustment Factors

< 1.0 •   Example SG Adjustment Factors Specific Gravity, G FACTOR = 1.0 - (0.50

Specific

Gravity, G

  Example SG Adjustment Factors Specific Gravity, G FACTOR = 1.0 - (0.50 - G) Species

FACTOR = 1.0 - (0.50 - G)

Factors Specific Gravity, G FACTOR = 1.0 - (0.50 - G) Species Combination Southern Pine 0.55
Factors Specific Gravity, G FACTOR = 1.0 - (0.50 - G) Species Combination Southern Pine 0.55

Species Combination

Gravity, G FACTOR = 1.0 - (0.50 - G) Species Combination Southern Pine 0.55 1.00 Douglas

Southern Pine

0.55

1.00

Douglas Fir-Larch

0.50

1.00

Hem Fir

0.43

0.93

Spruce Pine-Fir

0.42

0.92

Western Woods

0.36

0.86

Chapter 4 - Lateral Force-Resisting Systems

Chapter 4 - Lateral Force-Resisting Systems •   Wood Diaphragms 14
Chapter 4 - Lateral Force-Resisting Systems •   Wood Diaphragms 14

Wood Diaphragms

Chapter 4 - Lateral Force-Resisting Systems •   Wood Diaphragms 14
Chapter 4 - Lateral Force-Resisting Systems •   Wood Diaphragms 14
Chapter 4 - Lateral Force-Resisting Systems •   Wood Diaphragms 14

Deflections (4-term equations)

Deflections (4-term equations) •   Diaphragm TotalΔ = Δb + Δv + Δn + Δc Δ
Deflections (4-term equations) •   Diaphragm TotalΔ = Δb + Δv + Δn + Δc Δ

Diaphragm

TotalΔ = Δb + Δv + Δn + Δc
TotalΔ = Δb
+
Δv
+
Δn
+
Δc
•   Diaphragm TotalΔ = Δb + Δv + Δn + Δc Δ = bending shear

Δ =

bending

shear

chord connection slip

5

vL

3

vL

+

+

0.188

8

EAb

4 G t v v
4 G t
v v
chord connection slip 5 vL 3 vL + + 0.188 8 EAb 4 G t v

0.25 v L

1000Ga

Le

n

nail slip

+

(

Δ X

c

)

2

b

SDPWS – nails unblocked and blocked

Comparison – 3-term vs. 4-term

Comparison – 3-term vs. 4-term Shear panel deformation and nail slip 4-term 3-term 16
Comparison – 3-term vs. 4-term Shear panel deformation and nail slip 4-term 3-term 16

Shear panel deformation and nail slip

4-term

3-term

Comparison – 3-term vs. 4-term Shear panel deformation and nail slip 4-term 3-term 16
Comparison – 3-term vs. 4-term Shear panel deformation and nail slip 4-term 3-term 16
Comparison – 3-term vs. 4-term Shear panel deformation and nail slip 4-term 3-term 16
Comparison – 3-term vs. 4-term Shear panel deformation and nail slip 4-term 3-term 16

Questions?

Questions? www.awc.org info@awc.org 17
Questions? www.awc.org info@awc.org 17

www.awc.org

info@awc.org

Questions? www.awc.org info@awc.org 17

Diaphragm Design for Non-Residential and Multi-Family Buildings

Diaphragm Design for Non-Residential and Multi-Family Buildings Bryan Readling, PE Senior Engineer,APA

Bryan Readling, PE Senior Engineer,APA

Diaphragm Design for Non-Residential and Multi-Family Buildings Bryan Readling, PE Senior Engineer,APA

Wood Structural Panels are by definition either Plywood or OSB (2302 & R202)

Wood Structural Panels are by definition either Plywood or OSB (2302 & R202)

Wood Structural Panels come in two grades: Structural I, and Sheathing

Wood Structural Panels come in two grades: Structural I, and Sheathing

Wood Diaphragms:

!Design Concepts !Deflection Calculations !Design Values

Wood Diaphragms: !   Design Concepts !   Deflection Calculations !   Design Values

Diaphragm Design: Load Effects

Load, w:

Shear, V:

Moment,

M:

x L V=w(L/2-x)
x
L
V=w(L/2-x)
Diaphragm Design: Load Effects Load, w: Shear, V: Moment, M: x L V=w(L/2-x) M=w*x/2*(L-x)

M=w*x/2*(L-x)

Diaphragm Design: Load Effects Load, w: Shear, V: Moment, M: x L V=w(L/2-x) M=w*x/2*(L-x)

Horizontal Diaphragms

Horizontal Diaphragms PLAN VIEW
PLAN VIEW
PLAN VIEW

Diaphragm Design: Loads

w

Diaphragm Design: Loads w B L Designed like a wide flange beam: Flanges ~ diaphragm chords

B

Diaphragm Design: Loads w B L Designed like a wide flange beam: Flanges ~ diaphragm chords
Diaphragm Design: Loads w B L Designed like a wide flange beam: Flanges ~ diaphragm chords
L Designed like a wide flange beam: Flanges ~ diaphragm chords or collector carry moment
L
Designed like a wide flange beam:
Flanges ~ diaphragm chords or
collector carry moment
Web ~ wood panels and
framing carry shear
N

Wood Shear Wall and Diaphragms Design

!Function of: fastener’s size, spacing and panel thickness

!Values in Tables all building codes

!Alternately, capacities can be calculated by principles of mechanics

!   Values in Tables all building codes !   Alternately, capacities can be calculated by

Diaphragm Capacity Table - SDPWS

Diaphragm Capacity Table - SDPWS

Wood SW and Diaphragm Design

Design Capacity Increase - Wind

SDPWS Tables 4.2A, 4.2B, 4.2C, 4.2D

!The allowable shear capacities have been increased by 40% for wind load resistance

Tables 4.2A, 4.2B, 4.2C, 4.2D !   The allowable shear capacities have been increased by 40%

40% Increase for Wind - Justification

!Confidence in code wind load accuracy is high

!The current shear wall and diaphragm tables are based on a 2.8 min. safety factor and it was agreed that a 2.0 safety factor is adequate, thus a 40% increase in tabulated values

a 2.8 min. safety factor and it was agreed that a 2.0 safety factor is adequate,

Wood Diaphragms Design

Wood Diaphragms Design

Wind Design Key Points

For wind design, shear wall and diaphragm deflections are probably not needed

!E.g. the SDPWS doesn’t even list G a for wind

shear wall and diaphragm deflections are probably not needed !   E.g. the SDPWS doesn’t even
Unblocked Diaphragm

Unblocked Diaphragm

Unblocked Diaphragm
Unblocked Diaphragm
Unblocked Diaphragm
Unblocked Diaphragm
Unblocked Diaphragm

Blocked Diaphragm

Blocked Diaphragm

APA Research Report 138

Diaphragm Buckling Failure Diaphragm Shear Strength Failure
Diaphragm Buckling Failure
Diaphragm Shear Strength Failure

APA Research Reports 138 and 154

APA Research Reports 138 and 154 !   Shear wall history !   Diaphragm history

!Shear wall history

APA Research Reports 138 and 154 !   Shear wall history !   Diaphragm history

!Diaphragm history

APA Research Reports 138 and 154 !   Shear wall history !   Diaphragm history

Load Path Components

3. Diaphragm
3. Diaphragm

Code Definitions

Diaphragm

!Horizontal or slopped system acting to transmit

lateral forces to the vertical-resisting elements (IBC Sec. 1602.1)

or slopped system acting to transmit lateral forces to the vertical-resisting elements (IBC Sec. 1602.1) Diaphragm
Diaphragm
Diaphragm

Load Path

From Diaphragm to Shear Walls

w

Load Path From Diaphragm to Shear Walls w C Chord C Ties T Chord T Diaphragm
C Chord C Ties T Chord T
C
Chord
C
Ties
T
Chord
T

Diaphragm reaction goes to shear walls

Load Path From Diaphragm to Shear Walls w C Chord C Ties T Chord T Diaphragm

Idealizing and Simplifying Complicated Structures

!Sloped roofs !Offset roof planes !T-, L-shaped and other odd !Drag struts !Flexible v. rigid diaphragm

roofs !   Offset roof planes !   T-, L-shaped and other odd !   Drag

Sloped Roofs

Idealize sloped wood roof diaphragms as if they are flat

Sloped Roofs Idealize sloped wood roof diaphragms as if they are flat
Sloped Roofs Idealize sloped wood roof diaphragms as if they are flat

Curved Diaphragms

Idealize it as flat
Idealize it as flat

Offset Roof Planes

Offset roof planes

Offset Roof Planes Offset roof planes Treat as two separate diaphragms Each with their own chords

Treat as two separate diaphragms Each with their own chords

Offset Roof Planes Offset roof planes Treat as two separate diaphragms Each with their own chords

Offset Roof Planes

Offset roof planes

2
2

B

Provide lateral force resistance (shear walls) at diaphragm boundaries

A

3

Offset Roof Planes

Roof framing must keep diaphragm in plane

Load on diaphragms may be different due to different heights

!Proportion load rationally

keep diaphragm in plane Load on diaphragms may be different due to different heights !  

Code Definitions

Collector

!A horizontal diaphragm element parallel and in line with the applied force that collects and transfers diaphragm shear forces to the vertical elements of the lateral-force-resisting system and/or distributes forces within the diaphragm.

elements of the lateral-force-resisting system and/or distributes forces within the diaphragm. (IBC Sec. 2302.1) Collector
elements of the lateral-force-resisting system and/or distributes forces within the diaphragm. (IBC Sec. 2302.1) Collector
elements of the lateral-force-resisting system and/or distributes forces within the diaphragm. (IBC Sec. 2302.1) Collector

(IBC Sec. 2302.1)

Collector
Collector
elements of the lateral-force-resisting system and/or distributes forces within the diaphragm. (IBC Sec. 2302.1) Collector

Collector

!A collector works just like a post collects load from beam and transfers it to the foundation

!A collector

collects

load from the diaphragm and transfers it to the shear wall

transfers it to the foundation !   A collector collects load from the diaphragm and transfers

Collector

Collector Collector Collector

Collector

Collector

Collector Collector Collector

Irregular Diaphragm Shape

Shear wall line 4 collector Shear wall line 3 collector Shear wall line 2 collector
Shear wall line 4
collector
Shear wall line
3
collector
Shear
wall line 2
collector
collector
Shear wall line 1
Shear wall line A
Shear wall line B
Shear wall line C
Shear wall line D
Shear wall line E
Shear wall line 1 Shear wall line A Shear wall line B Shear wall line C
Shear Walls, Drag Struts 1,600 lb 1,600 lb v = 100 lb/ft collector v =

Shear Walls, Drag Struts

1,600 lb 1,600 lb v = 100 lb/ft collector v = 300 lb/ft v =
1,600 lb
1,600 lb
v = 100 lb/ft
collector
v = 300 lb/ft
v = 300 lb/ft
8 ft
32 ft
8 ft
Pre-recorded Webinar at www.woodworks/education/online-seminars/
Pre-recorded Webinar at www.woodworks/education/online-seminars/
Pre-recorded Webinar at www.woodworks/education/online-seminars/

Pre-recorded Webinar at www.woodworks/education/online-seminars/

Framing Parallel to Strut Forces

Collector Strap

Framing Parallel to Strut Forces Collector Strap
Framing Parallel to Strut Forces Collector Strap

Framing Perpendicular to Strut Forces

Collector Strap

Framing Perpendicular to Strut Forces Collector Strap

Flexible, Rigid and Semi-Rigid Diaphragms

!Flexible

!Diaphragm load is distributed to shear walls by tributary area

!Rigid

!Diaphragm load is distributed to shear walls by wall stiffness and torsion

!Semi-rigid

!Between flexible and rigid, dependent on stiffness

to shear walls by wall stiffness and torsion !   Semi-rigid !   Between flexible and

Diaphragm (Plan View)

w

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
  L/2 L/2  
 

L/2

  L/2 L/2  

L/2

  L/2 L/2  
 
 
Diaphragm (Plan View) w     L/2 L/2    

Flexible Diaphragm

w

Flexible Diaphragm w Δ sw Flexible .25wL .50wL Δ di L/2 L/2 .25wL
Δ sw Flexible .25wL .50wL Δ di L/2 L/2
Δ
sw
Flexible
.25wL
.50wL
Δ di
L/2
L/2

.25wL

Flexible Diaphragm w Δ sw Flexible .25wL .50wL Δ di L/2 L/2 .25wL

Rigid - All Walls Identical

w

Δ sw Rigid (no .333wL Torsion) .333wL L/2 L/2
Δ
sw
Rigid (no .333wL
Torsion)
.333wL
L/2
L/2

.333wL

Rigid - All Walls Identical w Δ sw Rigid (no .333wL Torsion) .333wL L/2 L/2 .333wL

Flexible v. Rigid

w

 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   

Stiffness 2K

   

K

 

Flexible .25wL

 

.50wL

 

.20wL

Rigid (no .40wL Torsion)

 
 
    L/2 L/2  
 

L/2

    L/2 L/2  

L/2

    L/2 L/2  
 
   

2K

.25wL

.40wL

  .20wL Rigid (no .40wL Torsion)       L/2 L/2       2K .25wL

Prescribed Rigid Wood Diaphragms (SDPWS)

Open front Cantilevered diaphragms

Open front Cantilevered diaphragms
Prescribed Rigid Wood Diaphragms (SDPWS) •   •   Open front Cantilevered diaphragms Torsionally irregular
Prescribed Rigid Wood Diaphragms (SDPWS) •   •   Open front Cantilevered diaphragms Torsionally irregular

Torsionally irregular

Rigid Analysis

!Direct Shear:

!Force proportioned based on stiffness (k)

!Torsional Shear:

!Force proportioned by !M = F x e !J = kd x 2 + kd y !k = stiffness wall !d = distance from center of rigidity !Examples in Breyer et al.

2

F

V

=

F T =

F

k

k

M

kd

wall !   d = distance from center of rigidity !   Examples in Breyer et

J

wall !   d = distance from center of rigidity !   Examples in Breyer et

Flexible, Rigid or Semi-Rigid

Which do you have?

!Prescribed flexible !Calculated flexible !Prescribed rigid !Else, “semi-rigid”

do you have? !   Prescribed flexible !   Calculated flexible !   Prescribed rigid !

Prescribed Flexible Diaphragm

In many cases wood diaphragms are permitted to be idealized as flexible

ASCE 7-10 Sec. 26.2: Diaphragms constructed of wood structural panels are permitted to be idealized as flexible.

flexible ASCE 7-10 Sec. 26.2: Diaphragms constructed of wood structural panels are permitted to be idealized

Calculated Flexible Diaphragm

ASCE 7-10 Sec. 12.3.1.3 Diaphragms are permitted to be idealized as flexible when:

!The diaphragm deflection is more than two times the average story drift of adjoining shear walls

Δ DIAPHRAGM 2 x Δ

SHEARWALLS

is more than two times the average story drift of adjoining shear walls Δ DIAPHRAGM ≥

Calculated Flexible Diaphragm

(Average Deflection)

Calculated Flexible Diaphragm (Average Deflection) Δ SHEARWALLS Δ DIAPHRAGM The longer the diaphragm the more

Δ SHEARWALLS

Δ DIAPHRAGM

The longer the diaphragm the more likely it is to calculate as flexible

Deflection) Δ SHEARWALLS Δ DIAPHRAGM The longer the diaphragm the more likely it is to calculate

Calculating Shear Wall and Diaphragm Deflection

Importance

!Rigid v. flexible diaphragm !Drift limit !Building separation

Wall and Diaphragm Deflection Importance !   Rigid v. flexible diaphragm !   Drift limit !

Deflections (4-term eqn’s)

!Shear Wall (IBC §2305.3.2)

Δ =

8

vh

3

EAb

+

vh

G t

v v

h

he

+ 0.75 n + d

a

b

!Diaphragm (IBC §2305.2.2)

Δ =

5

vL

3

8

EAb

+

vL

4 G t

v v

+

0

.188 Le

n

+

(

Δ X )

c

2

b

APA L350 (www.apawood.org) has comprehensive listing of input parameters and examples

0 .188 Le n + ∑ ( Δ X ) c 2 b APA L350 (www.apawood.org)

Deflection (3-term eqn.)

!Diaphragm (SDPWS §4.2.2)

Δ =

5

vL

3

8 EAW

+

0.25

vL

1000 G

a

+

(

Δ X

c

)

2

W

!G a values for blocked and unblocked diaphragms

8 EAW + 0.25 vL 1000 G a + ∑ ( Δ X c ) 2

Diaphragms and Shear Walls

!Deflection of Unblocked Diaphragms is 2.5 times the deflection of blocked diaphragm.

!If framing members are spaced more than 24”o.c., testing indicates further deflection increase of about 20%, or 3 times the deflection of a comparable blocked diaphragm. (This is based on limited testing of the diaphragm by APA)

or 3 times the deflection of a comparable blocked diaphragm. (This is based on limited testing

Prescribed Rigid Wood Diaphragms (SDPWS 4.2.5.2)

Prescribed Rigid Wood Diaphragms (SDPWS 4.2.5.2)

Prescribed Rigid Wood Diaphragms (SDPWS 4.2.5.2)

!Open front

!Cantilevered diaphragms

Prescribed Rigid Wood Diaphragms (SDPWS 4.2.5.2) !   Open front !   Cantilevered diaphragms

Semi-Rigid Diaphragm

!Diaphragm flexibility - ASCE 7 Sec.

12.3.1

!Unless it can be idealized as flexible or

rigid, then:

!The structural analysis shall consider the relative stiffness of diaphragms and shear walls

or rigid, then: !   The structural analysis shall consider the relative stiffness of diaphragms and

Semi-Rigid Diaphragm

!Semi-rigid results in force distribution somewhere between rigid and flexible !Thus, an envelope approach can be used where the both rigid and flexible models are used and the highest forces from each are selected

approach can be used where the both rigid and flexible models are used and the highest

Wind Design Key Points

!Assuming the diaphragm is flexible is always allowed, except for the open front and cantilever case where rigid is prescribed

the diaphragm is flexible is always allowed, except for the open front and cantilever case where

Shear Transfer from Roof Diaphragm - to Shearwall

Shear Transfer from Roof Diaphragm - to Shearwall
Force Transfer from Diaphragm to Shearwall Roof Framing

Force Transfer from Diaphragm to Shearwall

Force Transfer from Diaphragm to Shearwall Roof Framing
Roof Framing
Roof Framing

APA Publications and Website

Free APA publications

www.APAwood.org

APA Publications and Website Free APA publications www.APAwood.org
APA Publications and Website Free APA publications www.APAwood.org

Questions?

Questions?
Questions?
Questions?