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Energy Sources

Nonrenewable, Renewable, and


Inexhaustible

Principles of Engineering

2012 Project Lead The Way, Inc.

Energy Sources
Energy: The ability to do work
Energy sources are defined as
Nonrenewable
Renewable
Inexhaustible

The SUN is the original source


of almost all energy sources on Earth.

Nonrenewable Energy Sources


Jamie Isaiah

Sources that cannot be replaced once used

Fossil Fuels
Coal
Oil
Natural Gas
Alternative Energy:
Any fuel that is not
identified as a fossil
fuel

Petroleum
Where does it form and how?
Petroleum is formed from the remains of ancient marine
organisms and is found in vast underground reservoirs
beneath land, the ocean floor, and tar pits.
How is petroleum extracted?
Once a potential oil deposits located a development plan is
created. Many petroleum liquids that make up a reservoirs
oil-in-place are unable to extract. These liquids may be too
dangerous or expensive to drill.

Petroleum pt. 2
Is this nonrenewable, renewable, or inexhaustible?
Non-renewable.
How is it used?
Mostly used to make gasoline, transport and products such
as tires, refrigerators, and life jackets.
How can we make it safer?
1. By trapping petroleum and other oils in ice it would cut
costs and safer
2. Offshore drilling
3. Reduce usage
http://giphy.com/gifs/cinemagraph-s
unset-oil-4B9havABFnB2U

Resources..
Information
Society, National Geographic. "Petroleum." National
Geographic Society. N.p., 14 Jan. 2013. Web. 30 Jan.
2017.
"Location and Extraction." Petroleum - Refining Location and Extraction. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2017.

Created by.. Jamie Krumm & Isaiah Tolden

Coal
Coal is
A nonrenewable resource
Recent developments in mining have made its
extraction easier, and cheaper.

Required infrastructure is limited to a coal breaker,


Transportation, and a power plant.
There have not been any recent improvements to make
coal safer and cleaner, other than at the mine site.

Work Cited - Inexhaustible Energy Wind


Research by Dylan and LaQuon

makeagif. 2014

Nonrenewable Energy Sources


Martin and Jala

Sources that cannot be replaced once used

Uranium
Nuclear energy
(fission)
20% of the worlds
electricity comes
from nuclear power

What is Nuclear energy?


Nuclear energy is nonrenewable because there is a limited amount.
A nuclear reactor is a device that converts energy into heat in order
to generate electricity.
it generates energy by splitting atoms

Infrastructure and emerging technology of


Nuclear Energy
Countries that want to use this energy source need to have a lot of
safety measures in place.

Utah is planning, are designed to be a fraction of the size at 50 to


300 megawatts. The building of nuclear power plant would be
cheaper.

Work Cited- [Nuclear energy]


Researched by Martin and Jala
APA citations- http://alternativeenergy.procon.org/view.answers.php?questionID=001268
How Is Nuclear Power Produced? - Alternative Energy - ProCon.org. (n.d.). Retrieved January 30, 2017, from
http://alternativeenergy.procon.org/view.answers.php?questionID=001268
Court Action Favors Utah Nuclear Power Plant. (n.d.). Retrieved January 30, 2017, from
http://www.publicnewsservice.org/2013-12-02/environment/court-action-favors-utah-nuclear-power-plant/a35973-1

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21399415
Essential infrastructure: national nuclear regulation. (n.d.). Retrieved January 30, 2017, from
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21399415

https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2016/oct/16/safer-small-nuclear-reactors-power-plant-t
echnology
Carlson, D. (2016, October 16). This new technology could save the troubled nuclear power industry. Retrieved January 30,
2017, from
https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2016/oct/16/safer-small-nuclear-reactors-power-plant-technology

http://www.bechtel.com/expertise/power/nuclear/
Nuclear Power Plant Project Constuction. (n.d.). Retrieved January 30, 2017, from
http://www.bechtel.com/expertise/power/nuclear/

http://www.nuclear-power.net/nuclear-power-plant/
Nuclear Power Plant - Power Station. (n.d.). Retrieved January 30, 2017, from
http://www.nuclear-power.net/nuclear-power-plant/

http://www.publicnewsservice.org/2013-12-02/environment/court-action-favors-utah-nuclear-power-plant
/a35973-1
Court Action Favors Utah Nuclear Power Plant. (n.d.). Retrieved January 30, 2017, from

Renewable Energy Sources


Sources that can be replaced once used
Animals
Food
Biomass
Biofuel
Ethanol
Methanol

U.S. Department of Energy

What is Biomass Energy?


Renewable
Comes from plants and plant related
material
Can be made by burning material or
processing into liquids

<==process of producing biomass

What is Biomass? Part 2


Trying to create biofuel
made from different kinds of oils
EISA of 2007- 2022 US must make 21 billion
gallons of advanced biofuels
will help reduce CO2 emissions but not help
eliminate it.

Work Cited - Biomass Energy


Research by Shivani Vashi and Abijah
Gibson
Biomass Energy Basics
https://www.nrel.gov/workingwithus/re-biomass.html
Is Biomass Really Renewable?
http://blogs.ei.columbia.edu/2011/08/18/is-biomass-really-renewable/
Creating Energy with Biomass
http://www.dummies.com/home-garden/green-living/energy-sources/creating-e
nergy-with-biomass/
Did you cite the image
Yes I did

Work Cited- Biomass Energy- Part


2- Images
Biomass
https://www.bluffton.edu/courses/TLC/MontelA/Montel/Alternative_Energy_Web
site/biomass.htm
http://makeagif.com/rORMxz
Energy Sources Project
http://lailafmirza.weebly.com/energy-sources-project.html
Read "What You Need to Know About Energy" at NAP.edu
http://www.nap.edu/read/12204/#intro
HSBC funding biofuel
October 31, 2014 | News - http://www.nzbio.org.nz/hsbc-funding-biofuel

Inexhaustible Energy Sources


Hydroelectric
Tidal

Hydroelectric Energy
INEXHAUSTIBLE
Uses Dams
Pumped storage: Stores the water. The electricity creation is
not constant, it peaks during some intervals and falls during
others.

https://water.usgs.gov/edu/hyhowworks.html

Hydroelectric Energy Pt. 2


-Concrete and Cement for the
dams
-turbine runners, draft tubes,
and penstocks for generators

https://teeic.indianaffairs.gov/er/lhhydro/restech/desc/inde
x.htm

New technologies are being


developed for Hydroelectricity
by innovating the current
design models

http://www.westernrenew.co.uk/wre/hydro_basics/machines/
archimedes_screw_turbines

Work Cited - Hydroelectric


Research by Julia and Zach
Perlman, U. H. (n.d.). Hydroelectric power: How it
works. Retrieved January 30, 2017, from
https://water.usgs.gov/edu/hyhowworks.html

Hydropower Technology Development. (n.d.). Retrieved January 30, 2017,


from
https://energy.gov/eere/water/hydropower-technology-development
Association of State Dam Safety Officials. (n.d.). Retrieved January 30,
2017, from
http://www.damsafety.org/news/?p=e4cda171-b510-4a91-aa30-0671403
46bb

Inexhaustible Energy Sources:


Flash and Andrew P
Geothermal

U.S. Department of Energy

Geothermal Energy
Flash & Juicy Drew

Quick
Energy is heat from the Earth.
Clean and sustainable.
From the shallow ground to hot water and hot rock found a few
miles beneath the Earths surface -Renewable Energy World

How We Get It
Pipes installed in ground. Pump refrigerant out of ground.
Refrigerant passes through compressor, compressor heats
refrigerant.
Fan blows hot air into house.
Refrigerant flow back into ground.

Work Cited - Geothermal


Research by Flash & Juicy Drew

"Geothermal Energy." Renewable Energy World,


www.renewableenergyworld.com/geothermal-energy/tech.html. Accessed
30 Jan. 2017.
Partners, Natural Capital. 2017. Carbon Neutral. Carbon Neutral. N.p.:
Natural Capital Partners, n.d. N. pag. Web. 30 Jan. 2017.
<http://www.carbonneutral.com/carbon-offsets/geothermal-energy>
Youtube. Geothermal Energy Options. Youtube, uploaded by Christopher
Ryan, 30 Aug. 2012, www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uv8bTAGr0tU.

Inexhaustible Energy Sources Wind

U.S. Department of Energy

Wind
Renewable resource.
Energy from wind=Wind
Turbines
A wind turbine works by
the wind turning the
blades, which spins a shaft,
connected to a generator
that creates energy.
Used for pumping water
and powering homes.

https://www.mitchelltech.edu/programs/on-campus/energy-pr
oduction-transmission/wind-turbine-technology

What emerging technologies will make this energy


source safer, more usable, more efficient, cleaner, etc?
Safer* Wind turbines placed in oceans to protect the land wildlife.

Efficiency*GE along with the department of energy have partnered to create


offshore wind turbines that create more power but, cost less.

More Useable and Cleaner*Making 5 to 7 megawatts of energy that makes the most powerful
wind turbines in the world.

Work Cited - [Wind]


Research by [Sydney Brown and Knowledge Blanco]
[APA Citations]
Wind. (2016, November 28). Retrieved January 30, 2017, from
http://www.eia.gov/energyexplained/index.cfm?page=wind_home
Wind Energy Basics. (n.d.). Retrieved January 30, 2017, from
http://windeis.anl.gov/guide/basics/
How Do Wind Turbines Work? (n.d.). Retrieved January 30, 2017, from
https://energy.gov/eere/wind/how-do-wind-turbines-work
LeMaire, J. M. (2012, October 24). Wind Energy. Retrieved January 30, 2017,
from https://prezi.com/7cogijx3eanq/wind-energy/
Tech, M. (2014, October 14). Wind Turbine Technology. Retrieved January 30,
2017, from
https://www.mitchelltech.edu/programs/on-campus/energy-production-transmis
sion/wind-turbine-technology
*Other images found using the google search inside this google slides
presentation

(Solar)-Andrew Jones
.

U.S. Department of Energy

Solar energy is a renewable energy


source.
More expensive than other energy
sources.
Sunlight also depends on location, season,
and time of day which creates limitations to
its use.

Solar Squad-Andrew Jones


Solar Power- Converts sunlight into power.
either by using PV(Photovoltaics) and
concentrated solar power.

Work Cited -Solar Power


Research by: Yo Boi Pizza(Andrew Jones)

Solar Power. (n.d.). Retrieved January 30, 2017, from


http://www.alternative-energy-news.info/technology/solar-power/
Solar. (n.d.). Retrieved January 31, 2017, from
https://www.studentenergy.org/topics/solar?gclid=Cj0KEQiAiMHEBRC034nx2ImB1J0BEiQA-r7ctkHzxDNnNE
DJ6pVNP5lxbf4NrTimKc7-9AsSoIxZyOUaAm-V8P8HAQ
Solar panels on spacecraft. (n.d.). Retrieved January 31, 2017, from
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_panels_on_spacecraft

Image Resources
Microsoft, Inc. (n.d.). Clip art. Retrieved January
10, 2008, from
http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/clipart/default.a
spx
U.S. Department of Energy. (n.d.). Retrieved April
16, 2008, from http://www.doe.gov/

What is Tidal energy?


-Tidal energy is a form of Hydropower that converts
the energy of the tides into electricity or other useful
forms of power.
-Tidal energy is an inexhaustible energy source and
produced by winds blowing across the surface of the
ocean and captured through tidal generators.

Infrastructure requirements.
-The infrastructure required when developing tidal energy is a
tidal power plant to make power and electric grid for power
distribution.Generators are placed to capture the kinetic
energy through tidal waves.

Emerging technologies!
-The most common type of tidal power facilities
include tidal barriers and dams. These can interfere
with fish migration and can be expensive.
-New technologies such as advanced tidal fences, and
advanced tidal turbines are now being utilized for
more production of tidal waves due to the amount of
electricity production developed in underwater farms
and to also protect aquatic wildlife.

Work Citations
http://www.tidalenergyltd.com/?page_id=1370
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VkTRcTyDSyk
Energy - Student Resources: Impacts of Energy Sources.
(n.d.). Retrieved January 31, 2017, from
http://www.ei.lehigh.edu/learners/energy/impacts4.html
Wave & Tidal Energy Technology | Renewable Northwest.
(n.d.). Retrieved January 31, 2017, from
http://www.rnp.org/node/wave-tidal-energy-technology