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# ESTIMATION (PLUMBING)

## Determining the size of house drain pipe:

Fixture Piece Fixture Unit Total
Water Closet 10 6 60
Urinal 4 5 20
Lavatory 9 1 9
89 Fixture units

From Table 7-1 (Plumbing Design and Estimate by Max B. Fajardo, Jr.), under column
2% slope, a 125 mm PVC pipe could serve 89 fixture units.

## Determining the size of storm drain pipe:

Fixture Piece Fixture Unit Total
Floor drain 14 1 14
14 Fixture units

From Table 7-1 (Plumbing Design and Estimate by Max B. Fajardo, Jr.), under column
2% slope, a 75 mm pipe could serve 14 fixture units.
From drawing/specifications, use 100 mm vertical Neltex PVC orange pipe.
From drawing/specifications, use 6, 8, and 10 horizontal R.C. pipe.

## Determining the size of water supply pipe:

Fixture Piece Fixture Unit Total
Water Closet 10 6 60
Urinal 4 5 20
Lavatory 9 1 9
89 Fixture units

## Maximum water demand is: 89 units x 8 = 712 gallons.

712 gallons of water maximum demand is likely to be consumed in one minute.
Thus from Table 13-1 (Plumbing Design and Estimate by Max B. Fajardo, Jr.), it may
be reduced by 10 to 25%.
Assume 20% reduction of 712 gallons: 712 x .2 =142.2
Probable demand = 712 - 142.2 = 569.8 gallons

Storm Drain
From roof: L=6.9 x 18 = 124.2 m
124.2m/3m = 41.4 42 pieces of 100 mm PVC pipe
Floor drain pipe: L=35.7 m
35.7m/3m = 11.9 12 pieces of 75 mm PVC pipe
Horizontal pipe (CB to CB)
L=18.35 m
18.35m/3m = 6.12 7 pieces of 6 R.C. pipe
L=11.6m
11.6m/3m = 3.87 4 pieces of 8 R.C. pipe
L=12.5m
12.5m/3m = 4.17 5 pieces of 10 R.C. pipe

Water supply
L= 71.9 m
71.9m/3m = 23.97 24 pieces of 40 mm PVC pipe

House drain
L= 44.4 m
44.4m/3m = 14.8 15 pieces of 125 mm PVC pipe

Septic Tank
Slab/Floor
V= 0.5 x 3.5 x 1.5 = 2.625 m3
Cement 2.625 x 9 = 23.625 bags
Sand 2.625 x 0.5 = 1.3125 m3
Gravel 2.625 x 1 = 2.625 m3
A= 3.50 x 1.50 m = 5.25 m2
Using 6m long steel bars at 0.20 m spacing
5.25 x 1.98 = 10.395 pieces of 10 mm cut bars
Using a 30 cm long ties,
31.35 x 0.132 = 4.1382 kg #16 GI wire
Wall
Using Fundamental Method,
2.50/0.2 = 12.5 layers
1.50/0.4 =3.75 pieces
12.5 layers x 3.75 pieces = 46.875 pieces
46.875 pieces x 3 = 140.625 pieces
2.50/0.2 = 12.5 layers
3.50/0.4 =8.75 pieces
12.5 layers x 8.75 pieces = 109.375 pieces
109.375 pieces x 2 = 218.75 pieces
Cement Mortar for Block Laying:
A=2.50 x 1.50 = 3.75 m2 x 3 = 11.25 m2
A=2.50 x 3.50 = 8.75 m2 x 2 = 17.5 m2
Cement 11.25 x 1.526 = 17.1675 bags
Sand 2.625 x 0.0844 = 0.9495 m3
Cement 17.5 x 1.526 = 26.705 bags
Sand 17.5 x 0.0844 = 1.477 m3
Cement Mortar for Plastering:
A=2.50 x 1.50 = 3.75 m2 x 3 = 11.25 m2
A=2.50 x 3.50 = 8.75 m2 x 2 = 17.5 m2
Cement 11.25 x 0.45 = 5.0625 bags
Sand 2.625 x 0.025 = 0.28125 m3
Cement 17.5 x 0.45 = 7.875 bags
Sand 17.5 x 0.025 = 0.4375 m3
CHB Reinforcement
A= 11.25 + 17.5 = 28.75 m2
Vertical reinforcement spaced at 80 cm,
28.75 x 1.60 = 46 m long
Horizontal bar at every 3 layers,
28.75 x 2.15 = 61.8125 m long
46 + 61.8125 = 107.8125
107.8125/6 = 17.96 pieces 10 mm cut bars
Footing
V= 0.5 x 1 x1 = 0.5 m3
Cement 0.5 x 9 = 4.5 bags
Sand 0.5 x 0.5 = 0.25 m3
Gravel 0.5 x 1 = 0.5 m3
Net Length= (1- (2 x 0.075)) = 0.85 m
Net Length = 0.85 + .20 hook = 1.05 m
N = 3 x 2 (crosswise) = 6 pieces per footing
6 cut bars x 6 footings = 36 pieces
36 x 1.05 m = 37.8 m
37.8/6 6.3 pieces of 10 mm cut bars
3 x 3 = 9 intersections of steel bars to be tied per footing
Total ties of 6 footings: 9 x 6 =54 ties
Using a 30 cm long ties, multiply:
36 x 0.30 = 10.8 m
1 kg of No. 16 GI Wire is approximately 53 m,
10.8/53 = 0.2 kg # 16 GI wire

Catch basin
Wall
Using Fundamental Method,
0.50/0.4 = 1.25 layers
1.00/0.2 =5 pieces
12.5 layers x 5 pieces = 6.25 x 4= 25 pieces
25 pieces x 18 catch basin = 450 pieces
Cement Mortar for Block Laying:
A=0.50 x 1.00 = 0.5 m2 x 4 x 18 = 36 m2
Cement 36 x 1.526 = 54.936 bags
Sand 36 x 0.0844 = 30.384 m3
Cement Mortar for Plastering:
A=0.50 x 1.00 = 0.5 m2 x 4 x 18 = 36 m2
Cement 36 x 0.45 = 16.2
Sand 36 x 0.025 = 0.9 m3
Slab
V= 0.5 x 0.5 x0.01 = 0.0025 m3
V= 0.3 x 0.3 x0.01 = 9x10-4 m3
VT = 3.4x10-3 m3 x 18 catch basin =0.0612 m3
Cement 0.0612 m3 x 9 = 0.5508 bags
Sand 0.0612 m3 x 0.5 = 0.0306m3
Gravel 0.0612 m3 x 1 = 0.0612 m3
Slab Reinforcement
A= 0.5 x 0.5 = 0.25 m2
Reinforcement spaced at 10 cm,
0.25 x 3.764 = o.941 x 18 =16.938 pieces 10 mm cut bars
0.25 x 0.474 = 0.1185 x18 = 2.133 kg.

Septic Tank
Cement
Slab 23.625
Block Laying 17.1675 + 26.705
Plastering 5.0625 + 7.875
Footing 4.5
84.935 bags 85 bags
Sand
Slab 1.3125
Block Laying o.9495 + 1.477
Plastering 0.28125 + 0.4375
Footing 0.25
6.02025 m3 7 m3
Gravel
Slab 2.625
Footing 0.5
3.125 m3 4 m3
Steel bar
Slab 1.3125
Block Laying o.9495 + 1.477
Plastering 0.28125 + 0.4375
Footing 0.25
6.02025 pieces 7 pieces
Tie Wire
Slab 4.1382
Footing 0.2
4.3382 kg 5 kg
CHB
1 140.625
2 218.75
359.375 pieces 360 pieces

Catch Basin
Cement
Slab 0.5508
Block Laying 54.936
Plastering 16.2
71.6868 bags 72bags
Sand
Slab 0.0306
Block Laying 30.384
Plastering 0.9
31.3146 m3 32 m3
Gravel
Slab 0.0512
0.0512 m3 1 m3
Steel bar
Slab 16.938
16.938 pieces 17 pieces
Tie Wire
Slab 2.133
2.133 kg 3 kg
CHB
1 450
450 pieces

## ESTIMATION (STRUCTURAL & ARCHITECTURAL)

COMPUTATIONS

A. FLOORING/SLAB

Ground floor
V= LxWxH
V=27 x 9.50 x 0.1 = 25.65 m3
Second floor
A= LxW
A=(27 x 9.50) [(3.5 x 4.5) + (2.25 x 3.5) + (3 x 0.25 x 2.250)] = 231. 1875
m2
V= A x H
V= 231. 1875 x 0.2 = 46.2375 m3

Roof slab
V= LxWxH
V=(27 + 2.25) x (9.50 + 2.25) x 0.1 = 34.6875 m 3

Stair Landing
V= LxWxH
V= 4.50 x 3.50 x 0.1 = 1.575 m3

Canopy
V= LxWxH
V= [(2.80 x 1.20) + (1.2 x 2.65) + (4.50 x 5 x 1.2) + (3.50 x 2.25)] (0.1) =
4.1415 m3

## Stair at ground floor

V= LxWxH
V= (0.20 x 2.50 x 1.50) + (0.20 x 2.50 x 1.75) = 1.625 m 3
V= (0.20 x 4.50 x 1.50) + (0.20 x 4.50 x 1.75) = 2.925 m 3
VT = 117.60275 m3

Class A
Cement 117.60275 x 9 = 1058.42475 bags 1059 bags
Sand 117.60275 x 0.5 = 58.801375 m3 59 m3
Gravel 117.60275 x 1 = 117.60275 m3 118 m3

## B. SQUARE CONCRETE COLUMN

V = (L x W x H) no. of column
V = (8.1 x 0.3 x 0.3) (26) = 18.954 m3
Class A
Cement 18.954 x 9 = 170.586 bags 171 bags
Sand 18.954 x 0.5 = 9.477 m3 10 m3
Gravel 18.954 x 1 = 18.954 m3 19 m3

C. BEAM
Ground floor
By Volume Method Class AA Mixture
Beam 1
Volume of Column: 142.5x 0.15 x 0.30 = 19.24 cu. m
Cement: 19.24x 12 = 231 bags
Sand: 19.24 x 0.5 = 9.62 cu. m
Gravel: 19.24x 1.0 = 19.24 cu. m

## Beam Reinforcement: 142.5/6= 24 pcs

10 pcs 25mm x 24= 240 pcs 25mm x 6m.
4pcs 10mm x24=96 pcs 10mm x 6m.

Beam 2
Volume of Column: 14 x 0.45 x 0.30 = 1.89 cu. m
Cement: 1.89x 12 = 23 bags
Sand: 1.89 x 0.5 = 0.9cu. m
Gravel: 1.89x 1.0 = 1.89 cu. m

## Beam Reinforcement: 14/6= 2pcs

16 pcs 25mm x 2= 32 pcs 25mm x 6m.
4pcs 10mm x2= 8 pcs 10mm x 6m.

Beam 3
Volume of Column: 18x 0.45 x 0.30 = 2.43 cu. m
Cement: 2.43x 12 = 29 bags
Sand: 2.43 x 0.5 = 1.215cu. m
Gravel: 2.43x 1.0 = 2.43 cu. m

## Beam Reinforcement: 18/6= 3 pcs

16 pcs 25mm x 3= 48 pcs 25mm x 6m.
4pcs 10mm 3=12pcs10mm x 6m.

Beam 4
Volume of Column: 3.5x 0.15 x 0.30 = 0.35 cu. m
Cement: 0.35x 12 = 4 bags
Sand: 0.35 x 0.5 = 0.17cu. m
Gravel: 0.35x 1.0 = 0.35cu. m

## Beam Reinforcement: 3.5/6= 24 pcs

2.5 pcs 20mm x 6m.
1 pc 10mm x 6m.
3.5 pcs 20mm x 6m.
1 .4pcs 10mm x 6m.
D. WALL
Outside Wall
H= 7.5 m
L= [(3.2 x 8) + (2.2 x 2) + (4.2 x 2.2)] =122.4 m
Space occupied by doors and windows
W3 = 4(1.8 x 0.6) = 4.32 m2
W1 = 8(2.4 x 1.2) = 23.04 m2
W2 = 7(2 x 1.2) = 16.8 m2
W4 = 4(1.2 x 0.6) = 2.88 m2
D1 = 5(0.9 x 2.1) = 9.45 m2
D2 = 2(0.8 x 2.1) = 1.68 m2
D3 = 1(1.6 x 2.1) = 3.36 m2
Total space occupied = 61.53 m2
7.5/0.2 = 37.5 layer
122.4/0.4 = 306 pieces
61.53 x 12.5 = 769.125
(37.5 x 306) 769.125 = 10705.875 pieces 10706 pieces
Inside Wall
H= 7.5 m
L= [(3.2 x 10) + (4.2 x 2)]= 40.4 m
Space occupied by doors and windows
D2 = 6(2.1 x 0.8) = 10.08 m2
7.5/0.2 = 37.5 layer
40.04/0.4 = 101 pieces
10.08 x 12.5 = 126
(37.5 x 101) 126 = 3661.5 pieces 3662 pieces
H= 4.5 m
L= [(3.2 x 3) + (4.2 x 2) + 2.2]= 20.2 m
Space occupied by doors and windows
D2 = 3(2.1 x 0.8) = 5.04 m2
D3 = 1.6 x 2.1 = 3.36 m2
D5 = (1.7 x 2.1) + (1.3 x 1.7 x 2) = 7.99 m 2
Total space= 16.39 m2
4.5/0.2 = 22.5 layer
20.2/0.4 = 50.5 pieces
16.39 x 12.5 = 204.875
(22.5 x 50.5) 204.875 = 931.375 pieces 932 pieces
H= 3 m
L= [(3.2 x 3) + (4.2 x 2)]= 14.8 m
Space occupied by doors and windows
D2 = 2(2.1 x 0.8) = 3.36 m2
Total space= 3.36 m2
3/0.2 = 15 layer
14.8/0.4 = 37 pieces
3.36 x 12.5 = 42
(15 x 37) 42 = 513 pieces
H= 2 m
L= [(4.2 x 5) + 2.2]= 23.2 m
2/0.2 = 10 layer
23.2/0.4 = 58 pieces
10 x 58 = 580 pieces
H= 1 m
L= [(4.2 x 6) + (2.2 x 2)]= 29.6 m
1/0.2 = 5 layer
29.6/0.4 = 74 pieces
5 x 74 = 370 pieces

## E. CEMENT MORTAR FOR BLOCK LAYING

Outside Wall
A= (122.4 x 7.5) 61.53 = 856.47 m2
Inside Wall
A= [(7.5 x 40.4) 10.8] + [(4.5 x 20.2) 16.39)] + [(3 x 14.8) 3.36] + (2 x
23.3) + 29.6= 484.47 m2
Outside Wall
Class A
Cement 856.47x 1.526 = 1306.97322 bags 1307 bags
Sand 856.47 x 0.0844 = 72.29 m3 73 m3
Inside Wall
Class A
Cement 484.47 x 1.526 = 383.70024 bags 384 bags
Sand 484.47 x 0.0844 = 21.07 m3 22 m3

F. PLASTERING
AT= Ain + Aout
Ain= 484.47 m2
Aout= (122.4)(7.5 0.6) = 844.56 m2
Aout= 844.56 61.53 = 783.03 m2
AT= (783.03 + 484.47) 2 = 2535 m2
Class A (16 mm average thickness)
Cement 2535 x 0.288 = 730.08 bags 731 bags
Sand 2535 x 0.016 = 40.56 m3 41 m3

G. FOOTING
Column
V= (L x W x H) No. of column
F1 V= (0.4 x 4 x 2) 7 = 22.4 m3
F2 V= (0.3 x 1.6 x 1.6) 10 = 7.68 m3
F3 V= (0.4 x 2 x 2) 2 = 3.2 m3
VT= 33.28 m3
Wall
V= L x W x H
V= (0.2 x 0.4) [(4.2 x 20) + (3.2 x 10) + 2.2] = 9.456 m 3
VT= 33.28 + 9.456 = 42.7336 m3

Class A
Cement 42.7336 x 9 = 384.624 bags 385 bags
Sand 42.7336 x 0.5 = 21.368 m3 22 m3
Gravel 42.7336 x 1 = 42.7336 m3 43 m3

H. WALL FOOTING
Ground Floor
By Volume Method Class A Mixture
Volume of Column
4.31 x 0.45 x 0.75 = 18.33
32.31 x 0.25 x 0.6 = 4.85 cu. m

23.18 cu. m

## Cement: 23.18 x 9.0 =209bags

Sand: 23.18x 0.5 = 11.59 cu. m
Gravel: 23.18 x 1.0 =23.18cu. m

## I. REINFORCEMENT FOR CHB

AT= Ain + Aout
AT= 856.47+ 484.47
AT= 1340.94 m2
10 mm vertical bar at every 40 cm
1340.94 m2 x 2.93 =3928.9542 m
10 mm horizontal bar at every 3 layers
1340.94 m2 x 2.15 =2883.021 m
3928.9542 + 2883.021 = 6811.9752 m
6811.9752/6 =1135.3292 1136 pieces 10 mm x 6 m long bar
Along 40 cm vertical spacing and 3 layer horizontal spacing at 30 cm long tie
wire,
1340.94 x 0.047 = 63.02418 kg 64 kg #16 GI wire

## J. INDEPENDENT FOOTING REINFORCEMENT

F1C1
Net length of one cut reinforcing bar = 4 m 4(0.04) m =3.846 m
Total number of cut bars in one footing
10 x 2 = 20 pieces of 20 mm at 3.846 m
20 x 2 = 40 pieces of 20 mm at 3.846 m
7 x 20 = 140 pieces
7 x 40 = 280 pieces
420 pieces
Total bars = 420 pieces = 70 pieces 20 mm at 6m long.
6m
F2C2
Net of one cut reinforcing bar
Net length = 1.60 (2)(0.07) = 1.46 m
Total number of cut bars in one footing
8 x 2 = 16 pieces 20 mm at 1.46 m
16 x 16 pieces = 160 pieces
Total bars = 160 pieces = 27 pieces 20 mm x 6m
6m
F3C3
Net of one cut reinforcing bar
Net length = 2 (2)(0.07) = 1.86 m
Total number of cut bars in one footing
2 x 20 = 40 pieces
Total bars = 40 pieces = 7 pieces of 20 mm x 6 m
6m
Tie Wire
F1C1
10 x 10 = 100 intersections of steel bars to be tied per footing
20 x 20 = 400 intersections of steel bars to be tied per footing
500 intersections x 7 = 3500 ties
Using a 30 cm long ties
3500 ties x 3 =1050 m G.I. wire
No. 16 tie wire = 53 kg of #16 G.I wire
1050 = 19.81 kg # 16 G.I. wire
53
F2C2
8 x 8 = 64 intersections of steel has to be tied per footing
64 intersections x 10 = 640 ties
Using a 30 cm long ties
640 x .30 = 192 m G.I. wire
No. 16 tie wire = 53 kg of # 16 G.I. wire
640 = 12.08 kg # 16 G.I. wire
53
F3C3
10 x 10 = 100 intersections of steel bars to be tied per footing
100 intersections x 2 = 200 ties
Using a 30 cm long ties
200 ties x .3 = 60 m G.I. wire
No. 16 tie wire = 53 kg of # 16 G.I. wire
90 = 1.13 kg # 16 G.I. wire
53

## K. POST AND COLUMN REINFORCEMENT

F1C1
Height of column = 8.1 m
Bend length = 0.25 x 2 = 0.5 m
Minimum splice length = 20 x 16 + 160 mm= 480 mm
Total length = 8.1 + 0.5 + 0.48 = 8.98 m
Length = 8.98 x 8 = 71.84 x 26 = 574.72 m
No. of Steel bars = 574.72 = 95.79 pieces 20 mm x 6 m
6
Lateral Ties
Perimeter = 1.8 m
6 + 14 + 14 + 6 + 14 + 14 + 1 = 69 ties x 1.8 = 124.2 m
124.2 m = 20.7 pieces ( 10 mm x 6 m long)
6
20.7 pieces x 26 columns = 538.2 pieces 10 mm x 6 m long

Tie Wire
26 columns x 69 lateral ties = 1794 lateral ties x 8 = 14352 tie wires
14352 tie wires x 30 cm tie wire = 4305.6 m
4305.6 = 81.24 kg of #16 tie wire
53

## Slab (4.5 x 3.5)

Floor area = 15.75 sq. m

## Refer to Table 3-12, using a 6. 00 meter long steel bars at 15 cm spacing

distance,
15.75 * 3.221 = 50.73 piecesx11=558.03 (12 mm x 6.00 meters)

## Solving the tie wires at .30 cm long

Refer to table 3-13, along bar spacing at 15 cm. using a 30 cm tie wire,
15.75 * .350 = 5.5125x11=60.64 kg # 16 G.I. wire.

## Slab (4.5 x 2.5)

Floor area = 11.25 sq. m
Refer to Table 3-12, using a 6. 00 meter long steel bars at 15 cm spacing
distance,
11.25 * 3.221 = 36.24 pieces x 6 = 217.44 (12 mm x 6.00 meters)

## Solving the tie wires at .30 cm long

Refer to table 3-13, along bar spacing at 15 cm. using a 30 cm tie wire,
11.25 * .350 = 3.9375x6=23.625 kg # 16 G.I. wire.

## Slab (2.25 x 3.5)

Floor area = 7.875 sq. m

## Refer to Table 3-12, using a 6. 00 meter long steel bars at 15 cm spacing

distance 7.875 * 3.221 = 25.36 pieces (12 mm x 6.00 meters)
Solving the tie wires at .30 cm long

Refer to table 3-13, along bar spacing at 15 cm. using a 30 cm tie wire,
7.875 * .350 = 2.76 kg # 16 G.I. wire.

## Slab ( two way) (2.10 x 4.5)

Floor area = 9.45 sq. m

## Refer to Table 3-10, using a 6. 00 meter long steel bars at 15 cm spacing

distance
9.45 * 2.584 = 24.42 pieces (12 mm x 6.00 meters)

## Solving the tie wires at .30 cm long

Refer to table 3-11, along bar spacing at 15 cm. using a 30 cm tie wire,
9.45 * .228 = 22.548 kg # 16 G.I. wire.

N. ROOFING MATERIALS
Number of roof sheets along 29.7m
Gutter Refer to Table 6.2 for 2 side lapping
29.7 = 49.5 pieces = 50 pcs
6
For 6.6m long rafter; try a:
Combination of 3.6(12) and 3.30(11) long G.I. sheets
For one side of roof,
50 pcs of 32 x 12 ft
50 pcs of 32 x 11 ft long
For both sides
2(50) = 100 pieces 12 ft and
2(50) = 100 pcs 11 ft long
100 + 100 = 200 pcs x 5% = 10 pcs of 12
Order = 100 pcs of 32 x 12 ft and
100 pcs of 32 x 11 ft long.
GUTTER
Total length of the roof gutter
Length = 2(12.2) + 2(29.7) = 83.8 m
Effective length of gutter
83.8 = 35.66 say 36 m
2.35
Total width of one gutter = 2.65
2.65 = 2.94 = 3 pcs of 90 cm G.I. Sheet
0.90
36 pcs = 12 pcs of G.I. Sheet
3
C-PURLINS
length-1419 m
1419/20=80 pieces of 20 ft long c-purlin (50mm x 125 mm x 1.5 mm)
TRUSS
16 (50 mm x 50 mmx 6mm angular bar for top chord)
16 (50 mm x 30 mmx 6mm angular bar for bottom chord)

O. TILE WORK
Tile: (30 x 30) 65.85 sq. m 0.09 = 732 pcs x 2
(20 x 20) 29.5 sq. m 0.04 = 738 pcs x 2
(40 x 40) 17.5 sq. m 0.16 = 109.375 pcs x 1
(30 x 30) 17.5 sq. m 0.09 = 195 pcs x 1
Tile Adhesive: 17.5 + 65.85(2) (1400 x 0.0729) = 47.14 cu. m
47.14 x 0.01 = 0.4714
2 (22 + 7.5) (1313 x 0.0234) = 28.28 cu.m
28.28 x 0.01 = 0.2828
17.5 (110 x 0.086) = 8.09 sq. m
8.09 x 0.01 = 0.0809 cu. m
Total Volume: 0.58 cu. m x 7.5 = 4.4 say 5 bags 25 kg tile
adhesive

P. PAINT
Total Area: (269.871 x 2) + 26 x 0.3 x 0.3 x 6.9 = 1111.176
Surface Primer: 555.8888(2) 40 = 28gallons
Latex Paint: 28 gallons
Neutralizer: 28 2.5 = 18 liters = 11 gallons
Paint Thinner: (28+28) 2 = 28 gallons

Q. STAIRCASE

## Volume of concrete for landing: 4.5m x 1.5 m x 0.1 m = 0.675 m 3

Volume of concrete for stairs: 14(0.15m x 0.3m x 2.25m) = 1.4175 m 3
Total Volume: 2.0925 cu. m

## Cement: 2.0926 x 9.0 = 19 bags

Sand: 2.0925 x 0.5 = 1cu. m
Gravel: 2.0925 x 1.0 = 2 cu. m

## Reinforcement bar: 24(1.2m) + 16(3m) + 12(1.2m)

Reinforcement bar: 104.4 / 6m = 15 pcs (12 mm x 6.00 m)
Tie wire: (6 x 12)+4 (6 x 4) = 168 ties x 0.4 = 67.2 m 53 kg/m = 1.27 kg #
16 G.I. wire

ATTACHMENTS
TABLE 1-2
CONCRETE PROPORTION
Cement in Bag Sand Gravel
Mixture m
3
m
3

## Class Proportion 40 kg. 50 kg.

1 : 1.5 :
AA 3 12 9.5 0.50 1.0
1 : 2 :
A 4 9 7 0.50 1.0
1 : 2.5 :
B 5 7.5 6 0.50 1.0
1 : 3 :
C 6 6 5 0.50 1.0

TABLE 2-1
QUANTITY OF CEMENT AND SAND FOR MORTAR AND PLASTER IN CUBIC
METER
Cement in Bag Sand
3
m
Class Mixture Proportion 40 kg. 50 kg.
A 1:2 18 14.5 1.0
B 1:3 12 9.5 1.0
C 1:4 9 7 1.0
D 1:5 7.5 6 1.0

TABLE 2-2
QUANTITY OF CEMENT AND SAND FOR CHB MORTAR PER SQUARE METER
Sand
Size of CHB in Number
m3
cm per sq. Bags Cement Mixture
m. A B C D
0.79
10 x 20 x 40 12.5 2 0.522 0.394 0.328 0.0435
1.52
15 x 20 x 40 12.5 6 1.018 0.763 0.633 0.0844
2.26
20 x 20 x 40 12.5 0 1.500 1.125 0.938 0.1250

TABLE 2-4
QUANTITY OF CEMENT AND SAND FOR PLASTER PER SQUARE METER AREA
Cement in Bags
Mixture Thickness of Plaster
Class 8mm 12mm 16mm 20mm 25mm
A .144 .216 .288 .360 .450
B .096 .144 .192 .240 .300
C .072 .108 .144 .180 .225
D .060 .090 .120 .150 .188
Sand .008 .012 .016 .020 .025

TABLE 3-5
LENGTH OF REINFORCING BARS FOR CHB IN METERS
Vertical Reinforcement Horizontal Reinforcement
Spacin Length of bars in meter Spacing Length of bars in meter
g cm Per Block Per Sq. M. Layer Per Block Per Sq. M.
40 0.235 2.93 2 0.264 3.30
60 0.171 2.13 3 0.172 2.15
80 0.128 1.6 4 0.138 1.72

TABLE 3-6
No. 16 G.I. TIE WIRE FOR CHB REINFORCEMENT PER SQUARE METER
Vertical Horizontal Kilograms per Square Meter
Spacing Spacing 25 cm 30 cm 40 cm
40 2 0.054 0.065 0.086
40 3 0.039 0.047 0.063
40 4 0.024 0.029 0.039
60 2 0.036 0.044 0.057
60 3 0.026 0.032 0.042
60 4 0.020 0.024 0.032
80 2 0.027 0.033 0.044
80 3 0.020 0.024 0.032
80 4 0.015 0.018 0.024
TABLE 4-3
NUMBER OF BOARD FOOT OF STUDS AND NAILING JOIST PER SQUARE
METER
Lumber Spacing in Centimeters ( Center to Center )
size
in inches 30 x 30 30 x 60 40 x 40 40 x 60 60 x 60
1x2 4.103 3.147 3.189 2.686 2.268
2x2 8.198 6.293 6.379 5.373 4.594
2x3 12.284 9.440 9.569 8.060 6.898
2x 4 16.414 12. 592 12.758 10.746 9.195

TABLE 4-4
QUANTITY OF CEILING BOARD PER SQUARE METER
Board Size in Effective Covering per Number of pieces
Centimeter board per Square Meter
30 x 30 0.09 11.111
40 x 40 0.16 6.250
40 x 60 0.24 4.167
60 x 60 0.36 2.778
60 x 120 0.72 1.389
90 x 180 1.62 0.617
120 x 240 2.88 0.347
TABLE 7-1
QUANTITY OF TILES PER SQUARE FOOT AND METER
Commercial Size Number of pieces per
Inches Centimeters Sq. ft. Sq. m.
3x3 7.5 x 7.5 16 177.80
4x 4 10 x 10 9 100
4.25 x 4.25 10.6 x 10.6 8 88.40
4x8 10 x 20 6 50
6x6 15 x 15 4 44.44
6x8 15 x 20 3 33.33
6 x 12 15 x 30 2 22.22
8x8 20 x 20 2.25 25
8 x 12 20 x 30 1.5 16.66
8 x16 20 x 40 1.125 12.5
10 x 10 25 x 25 1.44 16
12 x 12 30 x 30 1.00 11.11
12x 24 30 x 60 0.50 5.56
16 x 16 40 x 40 0.56 6.25
20 x 20 50 x 50 0.36 4
24 x 24 60 x 60 0.25 2.78
Cement mortar 0.086 bags per sq. m.
White cement joint filler.. ...0.50 kg. per sq. m.

TABLE F-1
EFFECTIVE WIDTH AND LENGTH OF STANDARD CORRUGATED G. I. SHEETS
Effective Length
Size of Corrugated G. I. With 0.25m end
Sheet Effective Width lap With 0.30m end lap
0.81m x 1.80m 0.71m 1.55m 1.50m
0.81m x 2.10m 0.71m 1.85m 1.80m
0.81m x 2.40m 0.71m 2.15m 2.10m
0.81m x 2.70m 0.71m 2.45m 2.40m
0.81m x 3.00m 0.71m 2.75m 2.70m
0.81m x 3.30m 0.71m 3.05m 3.00m
0.81m x 3.60m 0.71m 3.35m 3.30m

TABLE 3-12
QUANTITY OF STEEL BARS IN TWO WAY REINFORCED CONCRETE SLAB PER
SQUARE METER

## Number of Steel Bars per Square Meter

Bar spacing in
Centimeters 6m 7.5m 9m 12m
10.0 4.369 3.337 2.772 2.022
12.5 3.603 2.662 2.245 1.635
15.0 3.221 2.296 1.921 1.382
17.5 2.647 2.025 1.65 1.196
20.0 2.36 1.775 1.461 1.056
22.5 2.168 1.601 1.312 0.907
25.0 1.977 1.466 1.217 0.862

TABLE 3-13
TIE WIRE IN A TWO WAY REINFORCED CONCRETE SLAB IN KILOGRAMS PER
SQUARE METER

## Number of Steel Bars per Square Meter

6m 7.5m 9m 12m
Bar spacing in
Centimeters 0.30 0.40 0.30 0.40 0.30 0.40 0.30 0.40
10.0 .592 .896 .648 .863 .648 .864 .596 .794
12.5 .416 .554 .420 .560 .431 .574 .421 .561
15.0 .35 .466 .307 .409 .257 .343 .297 .396
17.5 .247 .330 .231 .308 .223 .298 .206 .275
20.0 .174 .232 .171 .227 .173 .231 .163 .217
22.5 .168 .224 .150 .200 .148 .198 .130 .173
25.0 .142 .189 .134 .178 .114 .152 .116 .155