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Cornell Notes Topic/Objective: Name: Makeah Scippio

Class/Period: 6th
Date: 1-22-17
Essential Question: How and why do substance move across a cell membrane?

Questions: Notes:
Cell theory
Cells are the basic unit of structure in all living things
New Cells are made up of existing cells
` All living things are made of cells
Robert Hooke
-observed a piece of cork and stated that it looked like a cell

Cells
- No nucleus = prokaryote (bacteria)
- Nucleus = eukaryote
Cell membrane

functions
Lipid head protein pump lipid
tail
Lipid bilayer
Protects and supports the cell
Regulates the transport of materials both inside and outside
of the cell

-a double layer sheet of lipids that makes up the cell membrane


- Cholesteral provides a flexible structure that forma a strong
barrier
hydrophillic Hydrophobic between the
- Water loving lipid heads - Water fearing lipid tails cell and its
face out wards face outward surrounding
- Water loving - Water hating
Summary:4
Questions: Notes:
Embedded proteins
-proteins are embedded in the lipid bilayer and act as channels (where smaller molecules are
able to pass through) that help move materials across the membrane
Carbohydrate
chains -Act like chemical ID cards allowing cells to identify one another

Semi-permeable -some substances are allowed to go through while others are not

Simple diffusion

Facilitated diffusion
-helped along diffusion of large-charged molecules (large molecules require protein
channels)
Carrier protein
-protein that holds onto molecules then changes shape to allow the molecules to enter the
cell

Vacuoles
1. Water goes in
2. Vacuole fills with water
3. vacuole pumps out all the extra water

isotonic Equal amounts of solute inside and outside of the cell


Hypotonic Lower solute outside
Turgid Surroundings are hypotonic, water
hypertonic Highergoes in outside
solute
flaccid Surroundings are isotonic
plasmolysis Surroundings are hypertonic water goes out
DOK1 What is the
three levels of the
cell theory?
DOK2 What are the
differences
between turgid and
plasmolysis?
DOK 3
DOK 3
DOK4
Summary: