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BANGLADESH UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Course No: ME-267 (Fundamentals of Mechanical Engineering)

ASSIGNMENT

1.

A refrigerator uses refrigerant-134a as the working fluid and operates on an ideal vapor-

i. the rate of heat removal from the refrigerated space and the power input to the
compressor,
ii. the rate of heat rejection to the environment, and
iii. the COP of the refrigerator.
Refrigerant-134a enters the compressor of a refrigerator as superheated vapor at 0.15 MPa
i. the rate of heat removal from the refrigerated space and the power input to the
compressor,
ii. the isentropic efficiency of the compressor, and
iii. the coefficient of performance of the refrigerator.
Saturation
Pressure,
Enthalpy, KJ/kg
Entropy, KJ/kg.K
Temp., °C
bar
Sat. Liquid
Sat. Vapour
Sat. Liquid
Sat. Vapour
-30
1.0044
8.86
174.20
0.0371
0.7171
25
6.5184
59.1
197.73
0.2239
0.6868

compression refrigeration cycle between 0.14 and 0.8 MPa. If the mass flow rate of the refrigerant is 0.05 kg/s, determine

2.

and -10°C at a rate of 0.05 kg/s and leaves at 0.8 MPa and 50°C. The refrigerant is cooled in the condenser to 26°C and 0.8 MPa and is throttled to 0.15 MPa. Disregarding any heat transfer and pressure drops in the connecting lines between the components, determine

3. A vapour compression refrigeration machine of 20 ton of refrigeration capacity has evaporator and condenser temperatures of -30°C and 25°C. The refrigerant R-12 is subcooled by 4°C before entering the expansion valve and the vapour is superheated by 5°C before leaving the evaporator. The compression is isentropic and the expansion is isenthalpic. The properties of R-12 are given below:

The specific heat of liquid R-12 is 1.235kJ/kg.K and of vapour R-12 is 0.733 kJ/kg.K Determine:

i.
ii.
iii.

Theoretical power required; Mass of refrigerant to be circulated per min; The coefficient of performance (COP) of the cycle;

4. A refrigerator uses refrigerant-134a as the working fluid and

operates on the ideal vapor-compression refrigeration cycle. The refrigerant enters the evaporator at 120 kPa with a quality of 30

percent and leaves the compressor at 60°C. The state of refrigerant at the outlet of evaporator and condenser is saturated vapour and saturated liquid respectively. If the compressor consumes 450 W of power, determine

i. the mass flow rate of the refrigerant,

ii. the condenser pressure, and

iii. the COP of the refrigerator.

5. A vapour compression refrigeration machine of 15 ton of refrigeration capacity has

evaporator and condenser temperatures of -10°C and 25°C. The refrigerant ammonia is
subcooled by 5°C before passing through the expansion valve. The vapour leaving the
evaporator has a quality of 97 percent ( x= 0.97). The compression is isentropic and the
expansion is isenthalpic. The properties of Ammonia are given below:
Saturation
Pressure,
Enthalpy, KJ/kg
Entropy, KJ/kg.K
Temp., °C
bar
Sat. Liquid
Sat. Vapour
Sat. Liquid
Sat. Vapour
25
10.044
298.9
1465.84
1.1242
5.0391
-10
2.9075
135.37
1433.05
0.5443
5.4770
The specific heat of liquid Ammonia is 4.6 kJ/kg.K and of vapour Ammonia is 2.8 kJ/kg.K
Determine:
i. Theoretical power required;
ii. Mass of refrigerant to be circulated per min;
iii. The coefficient of performance (COP) of the cycle;
6. The operating temperatures of a lithium bromide-water absorption system are as follows:
Generator 100°C
Condenser 35°C
Evaporator 10°C
Absorber 30°C
The mass flow rate delivered by the pump is 0.5 kg/s. The specific heat of water vapour is
1.86 kJ/kg.K. Calculate-
i. The heat supplied to the generator;
ii. The heat rejected at the condenser and absorber;
iii. The cooling produced by the evaporator;
The coefficient of performance (COP) of the cycle;
7.
A lithium bromide-water absorption system incorporating a heat exchanger between the
absorber and the generator operates at the following temperarures:
Generator 100°C
Condenser 36°C
Evaporator 28°C
Absorber
10°C
Mass flow rate delivered by the pump is 0.65 kg/s and solution temperature entering the
generator is 52°C. Calculate:

i. The rate of heat transfer to or from the generator, The condenser, the evaporator, and the absorber;

ii. The coefficient of performance (COP) of the cycle;