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MUKUYU SECONDARY SCHOOL

MID TERM EXAMS TERM 1 2017


AGRICULTURE FORM 2 Time: 2 hrs

NAME:..ADM. No.... CLASS

INSTRUCTIONS:
a Write your name, admission number and class
b Answer all the questions in the spaces provided

(1.(a)What is agriculture ( 1mk)

b) State four roles played by agriculture in national development ( 4mks)

c). State three disadvantages of shifting farming (3 marks).

i.

ii.

iii.

2. Define the following terms as used in agriculture

(a) Mixed farming. (1mk)

b) Nomadic pastoralism ( 1mk)

c) Plantation farming (1mark)

d) Ranching (1 mark)

3. State four factors that influence agriculture ( 4mks)

4. State two uses of rubber ring elastrator ( 2mks)

5. Differentiate between primary and secondary cultivation ( 2mks)

6. State two field practices of achieving minimum tillage. (2mk)

7. Name two implements used for carrying out sub soiling. (2mks)

8. a). Give two sources of underground water ( 2mks)

b) State three uses of water in the farm ( 3mks)

..

c). State methods of drainage ( 2marks).

i.

ii.

9. a). State two disadvantages of drip irrigation ( 2mks)

c). State three factors considered when deciding the method of irrigation to use. (3 marks).

i.

ii.

iii.

10. Outline two disadvantages of compost manure (2 marks).

..

11. a). Give two factors that determine the quality of green manure. (2 marks).

b). State three advantages of using organic manures instead of inorganic fertilizers (3 Marks).

i.

ii.

iii.

12. (a) List two importances of organic matter in the soil. ( 2mks)

b) Name two sources of organic matter in the soil. ( 2mks)

..

13. a) State two general characteristics of exotic dairy cattle breeds. (2mks)

..

b) Give the name of a pig breed with the following characteristic;


White in colour but with black band over its shoulder (1mk)

14. Name two light breeds of chicken (2mks)

15. State two breeds of camel (2mks)

16. a). Define the following terms as used in agricultural economics


(i)Scarcity

. (1mk)

(ii)Opportunity cost

..(1mk)

b). State four items recorded in the consumable inventory records (4 marks)

i.

ii.

iii.

iv.

17.(a) State two important information entered in a breeding record. (2mks)

18(a) Differentiate between Macro-nutrients and Micro-nutrients (2mks)

b) Name two plants macronutrients obtained from the atmosphere ( 2mk

19 (a) State two characteristics of phosphatic fertilizers (2mks)

b) State the meaning of fertilizer grade ( 1mk)

20(a)Give two reasons for water treatment. ( 2mks)


b). State two chemicals used in water treatment. (2mks)

21. Give two reasons for maintaining farm tools and equipment. (2marks)

22. Differentiate between broadcasting and placement methods as used in fertilizer application. (2mks)

23. Define the following terms (3 marks)

i. Cock

ii. Gilt

iii. Steer

24. Give two factors determine the number of secondary cultivation operations (2mks)

25. State a dairy breed cattle with: (2mks)

i. Highest butter fat content ..

ii. Lowest butter fat content ..

26. (a) Name two importance of crop secondary cultivation ( 2mks)

b) Give two factors that equipment used in seedbed preparation ( 2mks)


27. (a) State one farm tool that can be used to level a seedbed. ( 1mk)

b) Give two reasons for levelling in crop production ( 2mks)

28. State two advantages ridging in crop production ( 2mks)

29. Write two breeds of dairy goats reared in Kenya. ( 2mks)

30. (a)Name four forms of livestock farming (4 marks).

..

b). Give one form of horticulture. ( 1mk)