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Magnetism Webquest

(All answers should be hand written on a separate piece of paper.)

General questions
The following webpage (and the pages that follow by hitting the next button) contain good information about the source and
properties of magnetism
http://www.ndt-ed.org/EducationResources/CommunityCollege/MagParticle/Physics/Magnetism.htm

1) What causes magnetism inside the atom?


2) Why are unpaired electrons more significant than paired electrons in terms of magnetic properties?
3) What causes a material to be classified as ferromagnetic? Name some examples of ferromagnetic materials.
4) What is a magnetic domain? Sketch two images of a material that has magnetic domains, one that is magnetized and one
that is unmagnetized.
5) Sketch a bar magnet. Label the poles of the magnet with an N and an S. Draw magnetic field lines (with direction)
both inside and outside of the magnet.

Superconductors
Visit the HowStuffWorks Website to read about Superconductors:
http://www.howstuffworks.com/question610.htm

1) What is the surprising thing that happens in a superconductor?


2) Currently, what superconducting material works with the highest temperature?
3) Describe at least two technological implications of superconductors.

Magnetism and Plate Tectonics


Read through the following website
http://istp.gsfc.nasa.gov/earthmag/reversal.htm

1) What is basalt and how do scientists use it to determine the direction of Earths magnetic field over time?
2) How does geomagnetism help scientists understand the motion of Earths plates?

Field Reversals
Read this 2-page article about geomagnetism from National Geographic
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/09/0909_040909_earthmagfield.html

1) How long have scientists been recording the strength of the Earths magnetic field?
2) What is happening to the Earths field right now?
3) How does the magnetic field act like a shield?
4) What animals use the Earths magnetic field for navigation?
5) What is the average time between field reversals?
6) When is the last time the Earths field reversed?
7) What is the geodynamo, and what is believed to be the cause of it?

Magnetic Declination
Answer the next several questions using the following webpage as well the link that reads, What is Magnetic Declination?
http://www.magnetic-declination.com/

1) What is magnetic declination and what causes it?


2) What do the terms geographic north and magnetic north mean?
3) What is the magnetic declination in Chicago (include + or - )?
4) If you wanted to walk in the direction of true north in Chicago, would you want to walk to the left or right of where a
compass needle points?
5) Where, geographically, is magnetic declination the worst?