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Abrevieri Luminia SCRIPCARIU

ABREVIERI

1000 Base CX Dual-Coaxial GigaEthernet AODI Always On/Demand ISDN


1000 Base LX Fiber 1000 Mbps Ethernet (1270 AP Application Processor/ Access Point
nm) APDU Application Protocol Data Unit
1000 Base SX Single Mode Fiber 1000 Mbps API Application Program Interface
Ethernet (830 nm) APK Amplitude-Phase Keying
1000 Base TX Unshielded Twisted-Pair 1000 ARP Address Resolution Protocol
Mbps Ethernet ARPA Advanced Research Project Agency
100 Base-FX Fiber Fast Ethernet Network AS Autonomous System
100 Base-TX Unshielded Twisted Pair Fast ASCIIAmerican Standard Code for Information
Ethernet Interchange
10 Base 2 Thin Ethernet ASIC Application Specific Integrated Circuit
10 Base 5 Thick Ethernet (StarLAN 10) ASK Amplitude Shift Keying
10 Base F Fiber Ethernet ASN Autonomous System Number
10 Base T Unshielded Twisted-Pair ATA Advanced Technology Attachment
Ethernet ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode
1Base5 (StarLAN) Unshielded Twisted AU Attachment Unit
Pair 1 Mbps Ethernet AUI Attachment Unit Interface
3DES Triple Data Encryption System AWGN Additive White Gaussian Noise
4B5B 4 - to - 5 Bit Coding AWG American Wire Gauge
8B6T 8 Binary to-6 Ternary Coding
B
A
b bit
AAL ATM Adaptation Layer B Byte
AC Access Control B7ZS Bipolar 7 Zero Supression
ACGN Additive Coloured Gaussian Noise B8ZS Binary Eight Zero Substitution
ACK ACKnowledge BACP Band Allocation Control Protocol
ACL Access Control List BAP Band Allocation Protocol
ACS Advanced Connectivity System BATE Baseband Adaptive Transversal Equalizer
ACU Automatic Calling Unit BB Base Band
ADPCM-Adaptive Differential Pulse Coded BCD Binary Coded Decimal
Modulation BCP Bridging Control Protocol
ADSL Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line BECN Backward Explicit Congestion
AES Advanced Encryption System Notification
AGP Advanced Graphics Card BEL Bell
AH IP Authentication Header BER Bit Error Rate
AM Amplitude Modulation BGP Border Gateway Protocol
AMI Alternative Mark Inversion BIP-L BIPhase-Level
ANSI American National Standards Institute BIOS Basic Input-Output System

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B-ISDN Broadband ISDN CR Carriage Return


BOOTP BOOTstrap Protocol CRC Cyclic Redundancy Checking
BOP Byte Oriented Protocol CS Checksum / Convergence Sublayer
BNC Bayonet Nut Connector CSMA/CA-Carrier Sense Multiple Access with
BPI Baseline Privacy Interface Collision Avoidance
bps bits-per-second CSMA/CD-Carrier Sense Multiple Access with C
BPSK Binary Phase Shift Keying Collision Detection
BR Bridge-Router CSS Card and Socket Specification
BRA Basic Rate Access CTS Clear-To-Send
BRI Basic Rate Interface CU Central Unit
BS BackSpace
BSA Basic Service Area D
BSC Basic Station Controller
BSS Basic Service Set
DA Destination Address
BSD-UX-Berkeley Software Distribution Unix
DB Database
BTC Basic Transceiver
BTH Bluetooth DB-n D-shape B-size number n
BUS Broadcast Unknown Server DAS Dual Attachment Station
DCE Data Circuit Terminal Equipment
DCL Data and Control Logic
C DDN Defense Data Network
DEC Digital Equipment Corporation
CATn Category n DES Data Encryption System
CBAC Context-Based Access Control DH Diffie Helmann
CBR Constant Bit Rate DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
CCK Complementary Code Keying DIN Deutsches Institut fur Normung
CCITT International Consultative Committee for DIR Desired Information Rate
Telephony and Telegraphy DL Down Link
CD Carrier Detect DLC Data Link Control / Data Link Connection
CDDI Copper Distributed Data Interface DLCI Data Link Connection Identifier
CDE Common Desktop Environment DLL Dynamic Link Library
CDFS Compact Disk File System DMA Direct Memory Access
CDMA Code Division Multiple Access DNS Domain Name System
CE-QAM Constant Envelope QAM DoCSIS Data over Cable Service Interface
CELP Code Excited Linear Prediction Specification
CE-QAM - Constant Envelope Quadrature DoD Department of Defense
Amplitude Modulation DOS Disk Operating System
CES Circuit Emulation Service DPMA Demand Priority Media Access
CLP Cell Loss Priority DPP Demand Priority Protocol
CHAP Challenge Handshake Authentication DPSK Differentially Phase Shift Keying
Protocol DS Distribution System
CIDR Classless InterDomain Routing DSAP Destination Service Access Point
DSB-AMDouble Side Band Amplitude Modulation
CIR Committed Information Rate
DSL Digital Subscriber Line
CISC Complet Instruction Set Computing
DSP Digital Signal Processing
CM Cable Modem
DSR Data Set Ready
CMI Coded Mark Inversion DSSS Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum
CMOS Complementary Metal Oxid DTE Data Terminal Equipment
Semiconductor DTR Data Terminal Ready
CMTS Cable Modem Termination Sysem DU Data Unit
C/N Carrier-to-Noise Ratio DVMRP-Distance Vector Multicast Routing
CODEC COder-DECoder Protocol
COFDM-Coded OFDM
com commercial
CP Communication Processor
E
CPCS Common Part Convergence Sublayer
EBCDIC Extended Binary Coded Decimal
CPFSK Continuous Phase Frequency Shift Keying Interchange Code
CPU Central Processing Unit

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ECP Encryption Control Protocol HDBn High Density Bipolar Code no.n
ED Ending Delimiter HDD Hard-Disk Drive
edu educational HDLC High-level Data Link Control
EGP External Gateway Protocol HEC Header Error-Control
EGRP Enhanced IGRP HID Host IDentifier
EIA Electronics Industries Association HL Header Length
EISA Extended Industry Standard Architecture HPFS High-Performance File System
E-mail Electronic mail HP-UX Hewlett-Packard Unix
EMI ElectroMagnetic Interference HT Horizontal Tab
EMS Element Management System HTML HyperText Markup Language
ENAT Enhanced Network Address Translation HTTP HyperText Transfer Protocol
ENCO ENcryption & COmpression
ENQ ENQuire
ESA Extended Service Area I
ESS Extended Service Set
ESP IP Encapsulating Security Payload IANA Internet Assigned Number Agency
ETH Ethernet IBSS Independent Basic Service Set
ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol
ICS Internet Connection Sharing
F ID IDentifier
FAQ Frequently Asked Questions IDE Integrated Digital Electronics
FAT File Allocation Table IDEA International Data Encryption Algorithm
FC Fragment Control / Frame Control IE Internet Explorer
FCC Federal Communications Commission IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronic
FCS Frame Check Sequence Engineers
FDDI Fiber Distributed Data Interface IER Interrupt Enable Register
FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access IETF Internet Engineering Task Force
FEC Forward Error Correction IGMP Internet Group Management Protocol
FF Form Feed IGRP Internal Gateway Routing Protocol
FHSS Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum IIR Interrupt Identifier Register
FIFO First-In First-Out IKE Internet Key Exchange
FIN Final flag int international
Finger Finger User-information Protocol Internet International Network
FI Fragment Identification InterNIC-Internet Network Information Center
FM Frequency Modulation Intranet Internal Local Web Servers
FR Frame Relay I/O Input/Output
FS File System / Frame Status IP Internet Protocol
FSK Frequency Shift Keying IPCP Internet Protocol Control Protocol
FTP File Transfer Protocol / Foil Twisted Pair I-P-O Input-Processing-Output
IPng IP next generation
G IPsec Internet Protocol Security Facility
IPX Internetwork Packet eXchange
Gbps Giga bits-per-second IR Infra Red
GbE Gigabit Ethernet IRC Internet Relay Chat
GF Galois Field IRDA Infra Red Data Access
GFC General Flow Control IRQ Interrupt ReQuest
GIF Graphic Interchange Format ISA Industry Standard Architecture
GMSK Generalized Minimum Shift Keying ISAKMP-Internet Security Association and Key
gov government Management Protocol
GRE Generic Routing Encapsulation ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network
GUI Graphic Unit Interface
ISI InterSymbol Interference
ISO International Standards Organisation
H ISOC Internet SOCiety
Iso-Ethernet Isochronous Ethernet
H Header / Host ISP Internet Service Provider
HAL Hardware Abstraction Layer ISTE Integrated Services Terminal Equipment

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ITU International Telecommunication Union MPEG Movie Photographic Experts Group


IWF Interworking Function MPLS MultiProtocol Label Switching
MRC MultiRate Coder
MRRU Maximum Receive Reconstructed Unit
J MRU Maximum Received Unit
MS-DOS-Microsoft Disk Operating System
JPEG Joint Photographic Experts Group
MSB Most Significant Bit
MSC Mobile Switching Center
K MSK Minimum Shift Keying
MSR Modem Status Register
kbps kilo bits-per-second MTA Message Transfer Agent
MTU Maximum Transfer Unit
L
N
LAN Local Area Network
LAPB Link Access Procedure Balanced N Network
LAPD Link Access Protocol for D-channel NAK Not AcKnowledge
LASER Light Amplification by Stimulated NAT Network Address Translation
Emissions of Radiation NAV Network Allocation Vector
LCN Logical Channel Number NBF NetBEUI Frame
LCP Link Control Protocol NCB Network Control Block
LES LAN Emulation Server NCP Netware Core Protocol / Network Control
LF Line Feed
Protocol
LFSR Linear Feedback Shift Register
NDIS Network Driver Interface Specification
LLC Logical Link Control
net network
LMI Local Management Interface
LoS Line of Sight NetBeui Network BIOS extended user interface
LPC Local Procedure Call NetBIOS-Network Basic Input/Output System
LSB Least Significant Bit NFS Network File System
LST Link State Technology NIC Network Interface Card
LT Line Termination NID Next IDentifier
NLPID Network Layer Protocol IDentifier
NOC Network Operating Center
M NOS Network Operating System
NM Network Mask
Mbps Mega bits-per-second
MA Multiple Access NMM Network Management Module
MAC Media Access Control / NMS Network Management Station
MiniAccelerator Card NN Netscape Navigator
MAN Metropolitan Area Network NNI Network - Network Interface
Manchester Biphase-L Coding NPM Network Protocol Module
MAU Multistation Access Unit NT Network Termination
MCA Micro Channel Architecture NTFS NT File System
MCR Modem Control Register NTP Network Time Protocol
MD Message Digest NUL Null
MFT Master File Table NVT Network Virtual Terminal
MG Media Gateway
MGCP Media Gateway Control Protocol O
MIB Management Information Base
MID My IDentifier ODI Open Data-link Interface
MII Media Independent Interface OFDM Orthogonal Frequency Division
mil military Multiplexing
MIME Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension ONC Open Network Computing
MIOX Multiprotocol Interconnect Over X.25 OOK On-Off Keying
MLID MultiLink Interface Driver OQPSK Offset Quadrature Phase Shift Keying
MMF MultiMode Fiber org organization
MNP Microcom Networking Protocol OS Operating System
MODEM-MOdulator DEModulator OSI Open Systems Interconnection

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OSPF Open Shortest Path First Service


OUI Organizational Unique Identifier RAI Remote Alarm Indication
RAM Random Access Memory
P RARP Reverse Address Resolution Protocol
RAS Remote Access Service
RCC Routing Control Center
PAD Packet Assembly/Disassembly
RFI Radio Frequency Interference
PAM Pulse Amplitude Modulation
RJ Registered Jack
PAN Personal Area Network RFC Request For Comments
PAP Password Authentication Protocol RFI Radio Frequency Interference
PBX Public Branch eXchange RG Radio Guide
PC Personal Computer RI Ring Indicator
PCI Peripheral Component Interconnect RIP Routing Information Protocol
PCM Pulse Coded Modulation RISC Reduced Instruction Set Computing
PCMCIA-Personal Computer Memory Card RLL Run-Length Limited
International Association RLP Resource Locator Protocol
PDA Personal Digital Assistant RMON Remote Monitoring
PDU Protocol Data Unit PnP Plug-n-Play
PER Packet Error Rate ROM Read-Only Memory
PERL Practical Extraction and Reporting RPC Remote Procedure Call
Language RS Reed-Solomon
PG Protective Ground RSA Rivest Shamir Adleman
PGP Pretty Good Privacy RSMI Removable Security Interface
PHP Personal Home Page/HyperText RST Reset flag
Preprocessor RSVP ReSerVation Protocol
PI Protocol Interpreter RTCP Real Time Control Protocol
PING Packet InterNetwork Groper RTF Rich Text Format
PMD Physical Medium Dependent RTP Real Time Protocol
RTS Request-To-Send
PMP Point - to - Multipoint
RxD Data Receiving
PnP Plug and Play
PoE Power-over-Ethernet
POP Post-Office Protocol S
PP Point-to-Point
PPDU Presentation Protocol Data Unit SA Source Address / Security Association
PPP Point-to-Point Protocol SAM Security Account Manager
PPSN Public Packet Switched Network SAP Service Access Point / Service Advertising
PRA Primary Rate Access Protocol
PRI Primary Rate Interface SAPI Service Access Point Identifier
PS Postscript SAR Segmentation And Reassemble
PSK Phase Shift Keying/Pre-Shared Key SAS Single Attachment Station
PSH Push flag SATA Serrial ATA
PSTN Public Switched Telephony Network SC Simplex Connector
PSU Power Supply Unit SCSI Small Computer System Interface
PTY Payload TYpe ScTP Screened Twisted Pair
PVC Permanent Virtual Circuit SD Starting Delimiter
SDH Synchronous Digital Hierarchy
SDLC Synchronous Data Link Control
Q SDSL Single-line Digital Subscriber Line
SEAL Simple Efficient Adaptation Layer
QAM Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
QoS Quality of Service SFTP Simple File Transfer Protocol
QPRS Quadrature Partial Response Signal SFSK Sinusoidal Frequency Shift Keying
QPSK Quadrature Phase Shift Keying SG Signal Ground / Signaling Gateway
SID Subnetwork Identifier
SLIP Serial Line Internet Protocol
R SM Subnetwork Mask
SMB Server Message Block
RADIUS -Remote Authentication Dial In User

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SMF Single-Mode Fiber U


SMI Structure of Management Information
SMP Symmetric Multiprocessing UA User Agent
SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol UART Universal Asynchronous Receiver-
SN Sequence Number Transmitter
SNA Service Network Architecture UCAID University Corporation for Advanced
SNAP SubNetwork Access Protocol Internet Development
SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol UDP User Datagram Protocol
SNR Signal-to-Noise Ratio UL Up-Link
SNTP Simple Network Time Protocol UNI User-Network Interface
SPD Security Policy Database UPS Uninterruptible Power Supply
SPDU Session Protocol Data Unit URG Urgent flag
SPI Service Parameter Index URI Uniform Resource Identifier
SPX Sequenced Packet eXchange URL Uniform Resource Locator
SRM Security Reference Monitor URN Uniform Resource Name
SS Socket Services / Spread Spectrum USB Universal Serial Bus
SS-7 Signaling System no.7 UTP Unshielded Twisted Pair
SSAP Source Service Access Point UUCP Unix-to-Unix Copy Program
SSH Secure SHell Protocol
SSI Security System Interface V
STA Station Adapter / Spanning-Tree
Algorithm VBR Variable Bit Rate
STP Shielded Twisted Pair/Spanning Tree VCI Virtual Channel Identifier
Protocol V/FoIP Voice/Fax-over-IP
SVC Switched Virtual Circuit VPI Virtual Path Identifier
SYN Synchronize flag VLAN Virtual Local Area Network
VoATM Voice-over-ATM
VoDSL Voice-over-Digital Subscriber Line
VoFR Voice-over-Frame Relay
T VoIP Voice-over-IP
VoN Voice-over-Network
Tbps Tera bits-per-second VoP Voice-over-Packet
TA Terminal Adapter VPN Virtual Private Network
TC Transmission Convergence VSB Vestigial Side Band
TCL Tool Command Language VT Virtual Terminal / Vertical Tab
TCM Trellis Coded Modulation VxD Virtual Device Driver
TCP Transmission Control Protocol
TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet
Protocol W
TDM Time Division Multiplexing
TDMA Time Division Multiple Access WAN Wide Area Network
TE Terminal Equipment WDMA Wavelength Division Multiple Access
Telnet Virtual Terminal Connection WEP Wired Equivalent Privacy
TFM Tamed Frequency Modulation WFQ Weighted Fairly Queuing
TFTP Trivial File Transport Protocol WiFi Wide Fidelity
TIA Telecommunication Industry Association WiMax Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave
TIME Time of Day Protocol Access
ToS Type of Service WINS Windows Internet Name Service
TL Total Length WLAN Wireless Local Area Network
TPDU Transport Protocol Data Unit WM Wireless Medium
TRI Telephony Return Interface WPA WiFi Protected Access
TSM Telephony Signaling Module WWW - W3 - World Wide Web
TTL Time-To-Live
TTY TeleTYpe X
TxD Data Transmission
XML Extendable Markup Language
XPSN X.25 Packet Switched Network

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