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Flame Photometric Detector (FPD)

. Methodology. FPDs are generally employed as chromatograph detectors. The

effluent from a chromatograph column is passed through a hydrogen rich, low
temperature flame. Sulfur species are converted to S2 which becomes excited and
emits radiation upon relaxation. The emitted radiation is monitored by a
photomultiplier tube. Key Features and Limitations. The FPD is very sensitive and
selective to sulfur. Its response to sulfur is, however, non linear and non equimolar
which makes it difficult to calibrate because several multi-component standards of
varying concentration are required.