You are on page 1of 10

# PART 5

ENERGY RELAXED
NETWORKS. PINCH METHOD
APPROACH
ENERGY RELAXATION
Energy relaxation is a name coined for the
procedure of allowing the energy usage to
increase in exchange for at least one of the
following effects :

a) a reduction in area
b) a reduction in the number of heat exchangers
c) a reduction in complexity (typically less
splitting)
ENERGY RELAXATION
In the original PDM an energy relaxation
procedure was proposed.

## This procedure has as goal to increase

heating utility and in exchange reduce the
number of units.
ENERGY RELAXATION
LOOP: A loop is a circuit through the
network that starts at one exchanger and
ends in the same exchanger

## PATH: A path is a circuit through the

network that starts at a heater and ends at
a cooler
ENERGY RELAXATION
Illustration of a Loop

175 0C 125 0C
FCp=0.010 H1 C

280
FCp=0.040 H2
65 0C

155 0C 20 0C C1
FCp=0.020 H

40 0C C2
FCp=0.015
112 0C
560 520

## (*) Heat exchanger loads are in kW

ENERGY RELAXATION
Illustration of a Path

175 0C 125 0C
FCp=0.010 H1 C
280
FCp=0.040 H2
65 0C

FCp=0.020 155 0C 20 0C
H C1

## 360 500 1840

FCp=0.015
40 0C C2
112 0C
560 520
(*) Heat exchanger loads are in kW
ENERGY RELAXATION
Procedure : Find a loop and move around heat from
exchanger to exchanger until one exchanger is eliminated.
175 0C 125 0C
H1 C
280
H2
65 0C

155 0C
20 0C
H C1

40 0C C2
112 0C

560 -X 520 +X

## If one wants to eliminate one exchanger: X=500. Note that X

could have been negative, but we chose the smallest possible in
absolute value.
ENERGY RELAXATION
Result: Notice that the result is infeasible!!!
73 0C

H1 175 0C 45 0C
C

65 0C 280
H2 65 0C
65 0C

155 0C 20 0C C1
H

360 2340
0C
112 40 0C C2

60 1020

108 0C

This exchanger is in
violation of the
minimum approach
ENERGY RELAXATION
We use a path to move heat around to restore feasibility
73 0C

H1 175 0C 45 0C
C
65 0C 280 +X
H2 65 0C
65 0C

+X
155 0C 20 0C C1
H

360 2340 -X
112 0C
40 0C C2

60 +X 1020 -X

108 0C

## The value of X needed to restore feasibility is X=795

ENERGY RELAXATION
Final Network
H1 175 0C 45 0C
C
65 0C 1075
H2 65 0C
65 0C

155 0C 20 0C C1
H

1155 1545
112 0C
40 0C C2

855 225

55 0C