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*'Alexandru Ioan Cuza' University of Iaşi, Faculty of Biology, 20 A Carol I Bd., 6600 – Iaşi, Romania
**Institute of Biological Research Cluj-Napoca, Po-Box 229, 48 Republicii Street, 3400 Cluj – Napoca, Romania

Introduction conservation status, ecology and distribution of
macrofungi species.
Fungi are one of the largest groups of
organisms, forming a major component of the The list contains 33 species included in the
biodiversity of Romania. The large numbers of Convention Appendix (2004), between which
species, the taxonomic problems they raise, the 11 species are found in Romania: Bovista
very considerable gaps in knowledge of their paludosa Lév., Gomphus clavatus (Pers. : Fr.)
distribution and ecology and the difficulties in Gray, Hapalopilus croceus (Pers. : Fr.) Donk,
monitoring these organisms, that produce Hericium erinaceum (Bull. : Fr.) Pers.,
generally ephemeral fruitbodies, have all Hygrocybe calyptriformis (Berk. & Broome)
contributed to the vision that nothing can Fayod, Hygrophorus purpurascens (Alb. &
realistically be done about their conservation. Schwein. : Fr.) Fr., Laricifomes officinalis
In present that view is out of date and can no (Vill. : Fr.) Kotl. & Pouzar Leucopaxillus
longer be sustained. compactus (Fr.) Neuhoff., Myriostoma
coliforme (With. : Pers.) Corda, Phylloporus
The Red List of Romanian macrofungi species pelletieri (Lév.) Quél and Sarcosphaera
in an essential document for rational coronaria (Jacq.) Boud.
management of the naturals ecosystems. It
provides critical informations necessary for The species Suillus flavidus (Fr.:Fr) Presl.
taking political decisions about priorities in considered as very rare and are considered as
nature management and biodiversity priority species, proposed in the first category
conservation in Romania. It evaluates of Habitats European Directive (1991). Among
extinction risks for organisms according to the the species that are considered as rare proposed
specifically defined and globally accepted in the second category, but not included in the
criteria of the International Union for Nature Habitats Directive we mention: Galerina
Conservation (IUCN). sphagnorum (Pers. : Fr.) Kühn., Hebeloma
helodes Favre and Tephrocybe palustris (Peck)
In recent years, as a result of global Donk.
biodiversity initiatives, there has been an
increased interest in assessing the relative Conventional marks
importance of Romanian naturals habitats for
fungi. In Romania are registered 8727 species In the Red Lists of Romanian macrofungi
of fungi (Bontea, 1985, 1986). In 1999, Pop et species are mentioned 179 taxa according to
al., proposed 114 species candidates for the the current version of the Categories & Criteria
Red List of Romanian Macrofungi species. recommended by the IUCN in 2001. The
nomenclature of macrofungi species is
Priority macrofungi species presented in alphabetical order follows Bertea
et al. (1989) and the names of the authors are
The macrofungi diversity conservation is not a abbreviated after recommendations of
particular objective in Romania; it takes part of Hawksworth (1980).
the general frame of the naturals habitats
protections. Red List Category:
Critically Endangered – CR
Since 1991, Europeans mycologists have been Endangered – EN
preparing a list of fungi for possible inclusion Vulnerable – VU
in the Bern Convention through the European Near Threatened – NT
Council for Conservation of Fungi. The list is Data Deficient – DD
based on our present knowledge of the

) Donk – VU Hapalopilus croceus (Pers. : Fr. – VU Collybia distorta (Fr.) Nannf.) Quél. – VU Romania Elaphomyces asperulus Vittad.) Karst – NT NT Hygrocybe calyptriformis (Berk. – NT Helvella ephippium (Lév.) Vittad.) Cooke – Gymnopilus bellulus (Peck.) Pilat – VU Elaphomyces variegatus Vittad. – VU Collybia nivalis (Luthi & Plomb.) Michael – NT Gautieria morchellaeformis Vittad. – NT Helvella latispora Boud. – NT NT Cordyceps entomorrhiza (Dicks. : Fr. – VU Gyroporus castaneus (Bull. : Fr.) Quél.) Pouz. : Fr. – NT Cortinarius dibaphus Fr. Faerberia carbonaria (Alb. – NT The list of threatened macrofungi species in Discina melaleuca Bres. – VU Collybia alkalivirens Sing.) Gray – NT Calyptella campanula (Ness : Pers. & Broome) Bas – NT Gautieria graveolens Vittad.) Kotl.) Boud.) Durand – Boletus appendiculatus Sch.) Fr. – VU Clitocybe vermicularis (Fr. Gyrodon lividus (Bull.) Rehm – EN Cantharellus lutescens (Pers. : Fr.) Fr.) Sing. – EN Amanita strobiliformis (Vitt. – VU Gyromitra fastigiata (Krombh. – NT Amanita caesarea (Scop. – NT Boletus satanas Lenz – VU Gomphus clavatus (Pers.) Pouz. – VU Hygrocybe punicea (Fr. – VU Gomphidius roseus (Fr. Karst. : Fr. – NT Geastrum rufescens Pers.) Kumm. – NT Helvella barlae (Boud. : Fr. – NT NT Helvella atra Holmskj.) Link.) Link. – NT Hebeloma helodes Favre – NT Clitocybe subalutacea (Batsch : Fr. – EN Agaricus comtulus Fr.) Fr.) Pers.) Fischer – NT Geastrum pectinatum Pers.) Th. & Broome) Cordyceps militaris (L. M. : Fr. : Fr. : Fr. – VU VU Gyromitra ancilis (Pers. : Fr.) Quél. : Fr.) Kühn.) Pers.) Pers. – NT Clavariadelphus ligula (Sch. : Fr. – NT Geastrum quadrifidum Pers. : Fr. – VU NT Hohenbuchelia geogenia (DC.) – CR Pouzar – EN Albatrellus pes-caprae (Pers. – VU Clathrus ruber Pers.) Boud. – EN Boletus radicans Pers. & Schwein.) Kumm.) Kreisel – VU Cantharellus friesii Quél. : Fr. – VU Agaricus cupreobrunneus (Møll.) Moser – NT Helvella leucomelaena (Pers. – EN Amanita regalis (Fr. – NT underline text Craterellus cinereus Pers.) P. : Pers. – NT EN Boletus queletii Schulz.) S.: Fr. – NT Cudonia circinans (Pers.) Kumm.: Fr. – NT Anthurus archeri (Berk. – NT Hygrocybe reae (Maire) Lange – NT 2 . : Fr.) Quél. Fr. Gyromitra gigas (Krombholz) Cooke – EN Catathelasma imperiale (Quél. : Fr. Gray – Hericium erinaceum (Bull.) Sacc. : Fr. – NT Macrofungi species including Convention Cortinarius napus Fr.) Kumm. : Fr.) Fr. : Pers. – NT Appendix – bold text Cortinarius orellanus Fr.) Quél. : Fr.) Bertill. : Pers. : Fr. – Helvella acetabulum (L. & Pouz. : Fr. – NT Helvella pezizoides (Afzel. : Pers. – NT Amanita ceciliae (Berk.) Link – Hydnellum suaveolens (Scop.) Sing. – VU Elaphomyces reticulatus Vittad.) Donk – EN Clitocybe odora (Bull. : Pers. – CR Elaphomyces echinatus Vittad.) Sacc. : Fr. – NT Amanita vittadinii (Mor. – VU Priority species proposed in the first category Cortinarius percomis Fr. – NT Choiromyces venosus (Fr.) Pers. Hygrocybe coccinea (Schff. – NT Cortinarius cinnabarinus (Fr. : Fr. – VU Cortinarius bulliardii (Pers. – NT Battarea phalloides (Dicks. – EN Geoglossum glutinosum (Pers.) Link. – VU Albatrellus cristatus (Pers.) Gray – NT Bovista paludosa Lév.Other abbreviations: Cortinarius cotoneus Fr.) Quél. : Fr. – NT Fayod – VU Cordyceps ophioglossoides (Ehrart : Fr.) Fr. : Fr. – Cordyceps capitata (Holmsk. – NT of Habitats European Directive (1991) – Cortinarius praestans (Cordier) Gill. – VU Coprinus picaceus (Bull.: Fr. – VU Geoglossum ophioglossoides (L. : Fr. – EN Collybia racemosa (Pers. : Fr. F. – EN Grifola frondosa (Dicks. – VU Gyromitra infula (Schaeff. – NT – NT Hygrocybe laeta (Pers. – EN Coprinus alopecia Lasch – NT Hericium clathroides (Pal. : Fr. – NT Floccularia straminea (Kumm.) Kumm. – VU Galerina sphagnorum (Pers.) Murr.

) Swartz – NT Neotiella rutilans (Fr. – VU Laricifomes officinalis (Vill.) Heim.) Sing – VU Marasmius collinus (Scop. – NT Tuber puberulum Bk. : Fr) Donk– NT Melanophyllum haematospermum (Bull. – NT Peziza saniosa Schrader– NT Hygrophorus penarius Fr. : Fr.) Fr.) Fuckel – NT NT Otidea onotica (Pers.) Kotl.) Fr. – NT Strobilomyces strobilaceus (Scop. : Fr. – NT Morchella conica Pers. : Fr. : Fr.Hygrophorus erubescens (Fr. : Fr. : Fr. : Fr.) Corda – Tulostoma brumale Pers. : Fr.) Dennis – VU Volvariella bombycina (Schff. – NT Montagnea radiosa (Pallas) Sebek – VU Tuber maculatum Vittad. – NT Hypholoma elongatum (Pers. – NT Phaeocollybia lugubris (Fr. & Polyporus rhodoxanthus (Schw. – VU Sowerbyella unicolor (Gill. : Fr.) Nannf. – Phylloporus pelletieri (Lév. – NT Suillus plorans (Roll. : Fr.) & Noordel. – NT Peziza limnaea Maas Geesteranus – NT Hygrophorus marzuolus (Fr. & Schwein.) Donk. – VU Lactarius mairei Malençon – NT Rhodotus palmatus (Bull. : Fr. – VU Melanogaster odoratissimus (Vittad. : Fr. : Pers) Fr.) Maire– NT Lactarius picinus Fr.) Quel. – NT Suillus flavidus (Fr. – VU Leucoagaricus macrorhizus Locq.) Sing. – NT VU Torrendia pulchella Bres. – NT Limacella stepicola Zerova & Wasser – NT Stropharia hornemannii (Fr.) Raith.) Mos.) Gill. – VU Lactarius citriolens Pouzar – NT Rhizopogon luteolus Fr. – NT Suillus tridentinus (Bres. – NT Hygrophorus hypotejus (Fr. – VU Sparassis crispa (Wulf. – NT Xerocomus parassiticus (Bull. : Fr.) Tul. : Fr. : Fr.: Fr. & Lycoperdon echinatum Pers. – VU Sarcosphaera coronaria (Jacq. et Br. – NT Lactarius uvidus (Fr. : Fr.) Boud – NT Kreisel – NT Tricholoma focale (Fr.) Ricken – NT Micromphale brassicolens (Romagn.& Schw. – VU Myriostoma coliforme (With. : Fr.) S.) Berk. : Fr. in Jacq) Fr. Rauschert Hymenochaete cruenta (Pers. – NT Hygrophorus purpurascens (Alb.) Sing. : Fr. & Br. : Pers.) Ricken – Pluteus salicinus (Pers.) Fr.) Pers. – VU Pholiota connissans (Bull. – NT Antonín & Noordel. – NT VU Verpa conica (Mull.) Fr. : Fr.) Tricholoma orirubens Quél.) Sing. – VU Tremiscus helvelloides (DC. – DD 3 . : Pers. : Pers.) Quél. – VU : Fr. – NT Volvariella surrecta (Knapp) Sing.) Bres.) Sing. Leucopaxillus compactus (Fr.) Tul. – VU Lepiota badhamii Bk. – NT Russula medullata Romagn.) Antonín Tricholoma luteovirens (Salb. : Fr.) Quél.) Sing. – NT Rickenella fibula (Bull. – VU – NT Leucopaxillus tricolor (Peck) Kühner – NT Stropharia albocyanea (Fr. Phallus hadriani Vent. – NT Paneolus fimiputris (Bull.) Kumm.) Neuhoff. : Fr. – Otidea cochleata (L. – NT Volvariella murinella (Quél. – VU Onygena equina (Willdenow) Pers. – NT Tuber rufum Poll. – NT Pouzar – EN Poronia punctata (L.) Fr. – NT Ricken– NT Micromphale foetidum (Sowerby : Fr. – NT Suillus grevillei (Klotzsch in Fr. – VU Melanogaster variegatus (Vittad. – NT Lactarius salmonicolor Heim & Lecl. – NT Tuber aestivum Vittad.) Bres.) Trichoglossum hirsutum (Fr. – Tephrocybe palustris (Peck) Donk. & Nordh. – NT VU Polyporus rhizophilus Pat.: Fr.) Quél. – – VU NT Pluteus petassatus (Fr. : Fr.) Kuhn.) Kumm.) Dennis – VU VU Nyctalis asterophora Fr. – NT Leccinum oxydabile Sing. – NT Ptychoverpa bohemica (Krombh.) Fuckel – NT Xylaria carpophila (Pers.) Fr. – VU Mycena crocata (Schrad. – NT Lactarius aspideus (Fr.) Fr.) Fr. – VU NT Pisolithus arhizus (Scop. : Pers. – Neotiella vivida (Nyl. – VU Nyctalis parasitica (Bull.) Boud. – NT Russula zvarae Vel. – NT Mutinus caninus (Huds.) Tul.) Presl. – NT Tuber melanosporum Vittad.) Moser – NT Hygrophorus russula (Schaeff. : Fr.) Lund.) Quel.) Boid. – NT Leotia lubrica (Scop.: Pers. – NT Lyophyllum infumatum (Bres. – NT Nannf. – VU Lyophyllum transforme (Britz. – VU Melanogaster ambiguus (Vittad.

H. 33 Threatened Fungi in Europe.. Ed.M. Hawksworth. 71-75. Cambridge University Press.N. Tănase. The research was financial support by the Romanian Ministry of Education and Research from the project: 'Anthropogenous pressure on fungi diversity from extreme environments of Romania'. Towards a red list of endangered European fungi. 82 pp.. Chevassut. (T-PVS (2001) 34 rev 2. Montpellier. R.7.. vol. tracks. Jansen. 59. & Croneborg. A. Editura Academiei Române (ISBN 973-27-1211-2). Recording and Conservation. 1991. Important fungus areas in the oligotrophic peat bogs of Romanian Eastern Carpathians Mountains. 2003. 2003. B.) Kumm. 18. Tănase. Acknowledgements The authors are grateful to Dr. – VU Photo 8 – Suillus grevillei (Klotzsch in Fr.pdf]. Mapping of Macromycetes – Pilot Series – in Romania. Nauta. Łodz Society of Sciences and Arts ..L. POP Adriana. Ing. Bacău. 1993.. Bucureşti. Boddy.. L. M. A. A. 1985. P. Nom corrects et synonymes correspondants des champignons.pdf]. & Negrean. August 2003.. (eds). II. Courtecuisse.. Directive 92-43-CEE du conseil du 21 mai 1992 concernant la conservation des habitats naturels ainsi que de la faune et de la flore sauvage. Studii şi Comunicări.wsl. Newsletter ECCF.. 1980. G.. 13. G. Directive Européenne Habitats. : Pers. La préservation des champignons en Roumanie. Kew. 15-28 [ 473-480. P. Bioplatform – Romanian National Platform for Biodiversity. – NT Photo 6 – Nyctalis asterophora Fr. (eds). Royal Botanic Gardens. & Rotheroe. M. 1991. 322 pp. Complexul Muzeal de Ştiinţele Naturii. M. Bertea. C. 17. Pop. G. Journal officiel des Communautés européennes L206 (22. Red List of Romanian Macrofungi Species. – NT Photo 5 – Morchella conica Pers. 1989. Lecot. Academiei Române. IUCN.. 127 pp. 2004. J. D. 11.. Pop.1.. – VU Photo 4 – Hygrocybe punicea (Fr. I. C. 2001. 2001. Prepared by IUCN Species Survival Commission. Fungal conservation–issues and solutions. Conservation of Fungi and Other Cryptogams in Europe.) Pers. 1993. P.E. & Rascol.. D. & Kirk. 1999. Recommended abbreviations for the names of some commonly cited authors of fungi.. D..nerium. V. F. complementary and revised information on the candidates for listening in Appendix I of the Bern Convention.1992). Ing. B.) Michael – NT Photo 2 – Leotia lubrica (Scop. Photo 1 – Amanita regalis (Fr. Gland and Cambridge. In: Pegler. References: Anonim. 262 pp.P. C. FAMM. Ed. 2005. 1986..M. Proust. Dahlberg. – NT Photo 7 – Phallus hadriani Vent. Negrean from the 'Dimitrie Brandza' Botanical Gardens of Bucharest for providing the information necessary for the present material. Bontea.. Neville. Adriana & Tănase.) Sing – VU TĂNASE C. – VU Photo 3 – Hericium clathroides (Pal. (eds). Plant Pathology. : Fr. C. & Lawrynowicz. Evans. M. Fungi of Europe: Investigation. Bucureşti: 101-107 4 .. 120 pp.. Moore. [http://www.E. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria version 3. Ciuperci parazite şi saprofite din România.) Pers.