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RED LIST OF ROMANIAN MACROFUNGI SPECIES

CĂTĂLIN TĂNASE*, ADRIANA POP**
*'Alexandru Ioan Cuza' University of Iaşi, Faculty of Biology, 20 A Carol I Bd., 6600 – Iaşi, Romania
**Institute of Biological Research Cluj-Napoca, Po-Box 229, 48 Republicii Street, 3400 Cluj – Napoca, Romania

Introduction conservation status, ecology and distribution of
macrofungi species.
Fungi are one of the largest groups of
organisms, forming a major component of the The list contains 33 species included in the
biodiversity of Romania. The large numbers of Convention Appendix (2004), between which
species, the taxonomic problems they raise, the 11 species are found in Romania: Bovista
very considerable gaps in knowledge of their paludosa Lév., Gomphus clavatus (Pers. : Fr.)
distribution and ecology and the difficulties in Gray, Hapalopilus croceus (Pers. : Fr.) Donk,
monitoring these organisms, that produce Hericium erinaceum (Bull. : Fr.) Pers.,
generally ephemeral fruitbodies, have all Hygrocybe calyptriformis (Berk. & Broome)
contributed to the vision that nothing can Fayod, Hygrophorus purpurascens (Alb. &
realistically be done about their conservation. Schwein. : Fr.) Fr., Laricifomes officinalis
In present that view is out of date and can no (Vill. : Fr.) Kotl. & Pouzar Leucopaxillus
longer be sustained. compactus (Fr.) Neuhoff., Myriostoma
coliforme (With. : Pers.) Corda, Phylloporus
The Red List of Romanian macrofungi species pelletieri (Lév.) Quél and Sarcosphaera
in an essential document for rational coronaria (Jacq.) Boud.
management of the naturals ecosystems. It
provides critical informations necessary for The species Suillus flavidus (Fr.:Fr) Presl.
taking political decisions about priorities in considered as very rare and are considered as
nature management and biodiversity priority species, proposed in the first category
conservation in Romania. It evaluates of Habitats European Directive (1991). Among
extinction risks for organisms according to the the species that are considered as rare proposed
specifically defined and globally accepted in the second category, but not included in the
criteria of the International Union for Nature Habitats Directive we mention: Galerina
Conservation (IUCN). sphagnorum (Pers. : Fr.) Kühn., Hebeloma
helodes Favre and Tephrocybe palustris (Peck)
In recent years, as a result of global Donk.
biodiversity initiatives, there has been an
increased interest in assessing the relative Conventional marks
importance of Romanian naturals habitats for
fungi. In Romania are registered 8727 species In the Red Lists of Romanian macrofungi
of fungi (Bontea, 1985, 1986). In 1999, Pop et species are mentioned 179 taxa according to
al., proposed 114 species candidates for the the current version of the Categories & Criteria
Red List of Romanian Macrofungi species. recommended by the IUCN in 2001. The
nomenclature of macrofungi species is
Priority macrofungi species presented in alphabetical order follows Bertea
et al. (1989) and the names of the authors are
The macrofungi diversity conservation is not a abbreviated after recommendations of
particular objective in Romania; it takes part of Hawksworth (1980).
the general frame of the naturals habitats
protections. Red List Category:
Critically Endangered – CR
Since 1991, Europeans mycologists have been Endangered – EN
preparing a list of fungi for possible inclusion Vulnerable – VU
in the Bern Convention through the European Near Threatened – NT
Council for Conservation of Fungi. The list is Data Deficient – DD
based on our present knowledge of the

) Pers.) Donk – EN Clitocybe odora (Bull. : Fr.) Kumm. – EN Coprinus alopecia Lasch – NT Hericium clathroides (Pal. – NT Amanita ceciliae (Berk. : Pers.) Kotl. : Fr. – NT – NT Hygrocybe laeta (Pers.) Kumm.) Kühn.) Rehm – EN Cantharellus lutescens (Pers. – VU NT Hohenbuchelia geogenia (DC.) Kumm. : Fr.) Kreisel – VU Cantharellus friesii Quél. – NT Geastrum quadrifidum Pers. : Fr. : Fr. : Fr.) Boud.) Gray – NT Bovista paludosa Lév. : Fr. : Fr.) Quél. – VU Geoglossum ophioglossoides (L. : Fr.) Link.) Sacc. – EN Boletus radicans Pers.) Karst – NT NT Hygrocybe calyptriformis (Berk. – NT Cortinarius cinnabarinus (Fr.) S.) Nannf. – NT Hygrocybe reae (Maire) Lange – NT 2 .) Bertill.) Pers. – VU Romania Elaphomyces asperulus Vittad. – VU Hygrocybe punicea (Fr. – VU Cortinarius bulliardii (Pers. – NT Hebeloma helodes Favre – NT Clitocybe subalutacea (Batsch : Fr. – NT NT Cordyceps entomorrhiza (Dicks. – VU Galerina sphagnorum (Pers. – Cordyceps capitata (Holmsk.) Sacc. – VU Priority species proposed in the first category Cortinarius percomis Fr.) Fr. : Fr. : Fr.: Fr. – VU Clitocybe vermicularis (Fr. : Fr. : Fr. Hygrocybe coccinea (Schff.) Pilat – VU Elaphomyces variegatus Vittad. – VU Gyromitra fastigiata (Krombh.) Michael – NT Gautieria morchellaeformis Vittad. : Fr. – NT Boletus satanas Lenz – VU Gomphus clavatus (Pers. : Fr. : Fr. – VU VU Gyromitra ancilis (Pers.) Quél. : Fr.) Quél. – Helvella acetabulum (L. : Fr.) Fr. : Fr. Faerberia carbonaria (Alb.) Pouz. – VU Collybia nivalis (Luthi & Plomb. – NT underline text Craterellus cinereus Pers.) Durand – Boletus appendiculatus Sch. – EN Grifola frondosa (Dicks.) Moser – NT Helvella leucomelaena (Pers.) Pers. – EN Amanita regalis (Fr.) Cooke – Gymnopilus bellulus (Peck. : Pers. – NT Geastrum rufescens Pers. Gyrodon lividus (Bull. – EN Collybia racemosa (Pers.) Donk – VU Hapalopilus croceus (Pers.) Sing.) P.) Quél. – VU Gyroporus castaneus (Bull. – NT Helvella latispora Boud. & Pouz.) Pouz.) Sing. – VU Albatrellus cristatus (Pers. – VU Gyromitra infula (Schaeff. – EN Geoglossum glutinosum (Pers. – NT Clavariadelphus ligula (Sch. : Pers. Fr.Other abbreviations: Cortinarius cotoneus Fr. – VU Gomphidius roseus (Fr.) Link. – VU Elaphomyces reticulatus Vittad. : Fr. – NT Amanita caesarea (Scop. – NT The list of threatened macrofungi species in Discina melaleuca Bres. : Pers. : Pers.) Murr. – NT Fayod – VU Cordyceps ophioglossoides (Ehrart : Fr. – NT NT Helvella atra Holmskj.: Fr.) Fr. : Fr. – NT Macrofungi species including Convention Cortinarius napus Fr.) Fischer – NT Geastrum pectinatum Pers. : Fr. M. – CR Elaphomyces echinatus Vittad.: Fr. & Broome) Bas – NT Gautieria graveolens Vittad. – NT Battarea phalloides (Dicks. : Fr.) Fr.) Quél. – NT Anthurus archeri (Berk. – NT Helvella ephippium (Lév. – NT Choiromyces venosus (Fr. Gray – Hericium erinaceum (Bull. – EN Amanita strobiliformis (Vitt. : Fr. – NT Helvella pezizoides (Afzel. : Fr.) Link – Hydnellum suaveolens (Scop. – VU Clathrus ruber Pers.) Vittad. – NT Cudonia circinans (Pers. – NT EN Boletus queletii Schulz. – NT Floccularia straminea (Kumm. – NT Helvella barlae (Boud. – VU Coprinus picaceus (Bull. F.) Boud. – NT Amanita vittadinii (Mor. – VU Collybia distorta (Fr.) Gray – NT Calyptella campanula (Ness : Pers. : Fr. – NT Appendix – bold text Cortinarius orellanus Fr. Karst.) Kumm.) – CR Pouzar – EN Albatrellus pes-caprae (Pers.) Kumm. : Fr. – VU Agaricus cupreobrunneus (Møll.) Quél. – NT of Habitats European Directive (1991) – Cortinarius praestans (Cordier) Gill. – EN Agaricus comtulus Fr. & Schwein. : Fr.) Link.) Th. – VU Collybia alkalivirens Sing. & Broome) Cordyceps militaris (L. Gyromitra gigas (Krombholz) Cooke – EN Catathelasma imperiale (Quél.) Pers. : Fr.) Fr. – NT Cortinarius dibaphus Fr.

) Corda – Tulostoma brumale Pers.) Neuhoff.) Tricholoma orirubens Quél.) Donk. – NT Nannf. – NT VU Torrendia pulchella Bres.) Kumm. : Fr.) Sing.) Sing – VU Marasmius collinus (Scop.) Tul. – NT Hygrophorus purpurascens (Alb. : Fr) Donk– NT Melanophyllum haematospermum (Bull. – DD 3 . – VU Sowerbyella unicolor (Gill. : Fr.) Fr. : Fr.) Boud – NT Kreisel – NT Tricholoma focale (Fr. : Fr. Leucopaxillus compactus (Fr.) Ricken – Pluteus salicinus (Pers. – NT Volvariella surrecta (Knapp) Sing.) Ricken – NT Micromphale brassicolens (Romagn. : Fr. – NT Peziza saniosa Schrader– NT Hygrophorus penarius Fr. – Otidea cochleata (L.) Maire– NT Lactarius picinus Fr.) Lund.) Fr.) Tul. – VU Tremiscus helvelloides (DC.) Quél. – NT Tuber rufum Poll. – NT Lactarius salmonicolor Heim & Lecl.) Mos. – NT Peziza limnaea Maas Geesteranus – NT Hygrophorus marzuolus (Fr. – NT Montagnea radiosa (Pallas) Sebek – VU Tuber maculatum Vittad. – VU Melanogaster odoratissimus (Vittad.) Gill.) Fuckel – NT NT Otidea onotica (Pers. – NT Tuber puberulum Bk. – VU : Fr. : Fr.: Pers.) Presl. : Pers. – NT Limacella stepicola Zerova & Wasser – NT Stropharia hornemannii (Fr.) Trichoglossum hirsutum (Fr. – VU Mycena crocata (Schrad.: Fr. – NT Mutinus caninus (Huds. & Lycoperdon echinatum Pers. – NT Russula zvarae Vel. – NT Lactarius aspideus (Fr. – NT Suillus grevillei (Klotzsch in Fr. – NT Ptychoverpa bohemica (Krombh. – VU Sarcosphaera coronaria (Jacq. – NT Pouzar – EN Poronia punctata (L. : Fr.) Heim.) Raith. – NT Xerocomus parassiticus (Bull.) Fr.) Quél. – VU Lyophyllum transforme (Britz. – NT Suillus plorans (Roll.) Bres. – NT Tuber melanosporum Vittad. – VU Onygena equina (Willdenow) Pers. – NT Lactarius uvidus (Fr. – NT VU Polyporus rhizophilus Pat. : Pers. & Nordh.) Kotl. : Pers) Fr. – NT Paneolus fimiputris (Bull. – NT Suillus flavidus (Fr. : Fr. – VU Melanogaster variegatus (Vittad.) Pers. : Pers. – NT Ricken– NT Micromphale foetidum (Sowerby : Fr. : Fr. – VU Lepiota badhamii Bk. : Fr. – NT Leotia lubrica (Scop.) S. – NT Hygrophorus hypotejus (Fr. – NT Phaeocollybia lugubris (Fr. – NT Morchella conica Pers. – VU Sparassis crispa (Wulf. – – VU NT Pluteus petassatus (Fr.) Bres.) Boid. – NT Antonín & Noordel. et Br. – NT Hypholoma elongatum (Pers. : Fr. – NT Strobilomyces strobilaceus (Scop.) Tul.) Sing. – VU – NT Leucopaxillus tricolor (Peck) Kühner – NT Stropharia albocyanea (Fr. Rauschert Hymenochaete cruenta (Pers. – VU Lactarius citriolens Pouzar – NT Rhizopogon luteolus Fr.) Quel. – NT Rickenella fibula (Bull.Hygrophorus erubescens (Fr. – VU Laricifomes officinalis (Vill. : Pers.) & Noordel. & Polyporus rhodoxanthus (Schw. – VU NT Pisolithus arhizus (Scop. : Fr. – NT Lyophyllum infumatum (Bres. – VU Leucoagaricus macrorhizus Locq.) Moser – NT Hygrophorus russula (Schaeff.: Fr. – NT VU Verpa conica (Mull. Phallus hadriani Vent. – Tephrocybe palustris (Peck) Donk. – NT Suillus tridentinus (Bres.) Fuckel – NT Xylaria carpophila (Pers.& Schw. : Fr. – VU Pholiota connissans (Bull. – VU Nyctalis parasitica (Bull.) Fr. – NT Tuber aestivum Vittad. : Fr. : Fr.) Fr. – Phylloporus pelletieri (Lév. – NT Volvariella murinella (Quél.) Swartz – NT Neotiella rutilans (Fr. : Fr. – Neotiella vivida (Nyl.) Fr.) Nannf.) Quel.) Fr.) Kuhn. : Fr.) Sing. – VU Melanogaster ambiguus (Vittad. : Fr.) Sing. & Br.) Sing. & Schwein. : Fr. : Fr. in Jacq) Fr. : Fr.) Fr.) Dennis – VU VU Nyctalis asterophora Fr.) Boud. : Fr. – NT Russula medullata Romagn. : Fr. : Fr. – VU Myriostoma coliforme (With.) Kumm. – VU Lactarius mairei Malençon – NT Rhodotus palmatus (Bull.) Dennis – VU Volvariella bombycina (Schff.) Quél.) Berk.) Antonín Tricholoma luteovirens (Salb. – NT Leccinum oxydabile Sing.

1999.) Sing – VU TĂNASE C. & Rotheroe. – VU Photo 4 – Hygrocybe punicea (Fr.. M.1. 2004.. – VU Photo 3 – Hericium clathroides (Pal. II. Proust. 127 pp. 1986. References: Anonim.. Bontea. Complexul Muzeal de Ştiinţele Naturii. Photo 1 – Amanita regalis (Fr. Fungal conservation–issues and solutions.... B. Ing. Lecot. & Kirk. Ed. vol. Jansen.. Important fungus areas in the oligotrophic peat bogs of Romanian Eastern Carpathians Mountains.science tracks. 2003. G. Nauta. Chevassut. Dahlberg. Łodz Society of Sciences and Arts .. M. 1993. 2001.nerium. 11. Ed. (T-PVS (2001) 34 rev 2. 17. The research was financial support by the Romanian Ministry of Education and Research from the project: 'Anthropogenous pressure on fungi diversity from extreme environments of Romania'.E. 322 pp. R. D. Ciuperci parazite şi saprofite din România. F. Ing. Royal Botanic Gardens. G. Towards a red list of endangered European fungi. POP Adriana. – NT Photo 6 – Nyctalis asterophora Fr. J. & Croneborg. Evans. Pop. In: Pegler. A. & Negrean.. Mapping of Macromycetes – Pilot Series – in Romania. Red List of Romanian Macrofungi Species. P. IUCN. (eds). Bacău. 59. C.pdf]. : Fr. Montpellier. Directive Européenne Habitats.wsl.pdf]. A. Fungi of Europe: Investigation.. Tănase. Plant Pathology. B. 1989. Prepared by IUCN Species Survival Commission.. Bioplatform – Romanian National Platform for Biodiversity.M. C. 71-75. Bucureşti. Recording and Conservation. 82 pp..L.. August 2003.) Michael – NT Photo 2 – Leotia lubrica (Scop. Hawksworth. [http://www. & Lawrynowicz. 120 pp. 33 Threatened Fungi in Europe. 2005.ch/eccf/newsletter13. 1980.. 1993. (eds). Editura Academiei Române (ISBN 973-27-1211-2). V.M. A. S. FAMM. I. Tănase. L. Conservation of Fungi and Other Cryptogams in Europe.P. – NT Photo 5 – Morchella conica Pers.. Boddy. Courtecuisse.E. Bucureşti: 101-107 4 .) Pers. Cambridge University Press. Academiei Române.) Kumm.net/plantaeuropa/Download/Procedings/Tanase. : Pers. & Rascol.) Pers. Kew.. 262 pp. D. 1991. (eds). – NT Photo 7 – Phallus hadriani Vent. D.. Adriana & Tănase. P. Recommended abbreviations for the names of some commonly cited authors of fungi. 1985. Journal officiel des Communautés européennes L206 (22. IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria version 3. M.7.. Nom corrects et synonymes correspondants des champignons. 1991.. Directive 92-43-CEE du conseil du 21 mai 1992 concernant la conservation des habitats naturels ainsi que de la faune et de la flore sauvage. Neville. 2001. C. 473-480.. Negrean from the 'Dimitrie Brandza' Botanical Gardens of Bucharest for providing the information necessary for the present material.1992). 18. 13. Studii şi Comunicări. Moore. Gland and Cambridge. Newsletter ECCF. Acknowledgements The authors are grateful to Dr. H. Bon. – VU Photo 8 – Suillus grevillei (Klotzsch in Fr.N. C. Bertea. La préservation des champignons en Roumanie. G. 15-28 [http://www. complementary and revised information on the candidates for listening in Appendix I of the Bern Convention. M. P. Pop. 2003.