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Entropy 2002, 4, 165-167

ISSN 1099-4300
Book Received*

Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics. Ashley H. Carter (Drew

University). Prentice Hall ( Upper Saddle River,
NJ. 2001. Cloth; 432 pp. US: $96.00. ISBN: 0-13-779208-5

Received: 15 December 2002

This book provides a solid introduction to the classical and statistical theories of thermodynamics

Table of Contents

(NOTE: Each chapter concludes with Problems.)

1. The Nature of Thermodynamics.
What Is Thermodynamics? Definitions. The Kilomile. Limits of the Continuum. More Definitions.
Units. Temperature and the Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics. Temperature Scales.
2. Equations of State.
Introduction. Equation of State of an Ideal Gas. Van der Waals' Equation for a Real Gas. P-v-T
Surfaces for Real Substances. Expansivity and Compressibility. An Application.
3. The First Law of Thermodynamics.
Configuration Work. Dissipative Work. Adiabatic Work and Internal Energy. Heat. Units of Heat.
The Mechanical Equivalent of Heat. Summary of the First Law. Some Calculations of Work.
4. Applications of the First Law.
Heat Capacity. Mayer's Equation. Enthalpy and hats of Transformation. Relationships Involving
Enthalpy. Comparison of u and h. Work Done in an Adiabatic Process.
5. Consequences of the First Law.
Entropy 2002, 4 166

The Gay-Lussac-Joule Experiment. The Joule-Thomson Experiment. Heat Engines and the Carnot
6. The Second Law of Thermodynamics.
Introduction. The Mathematical Concept of Entropy. Irreversible Processes. Carnot's Theorem. The
Clausius Inequality and the Second Law. Entropy and Available Energy. Absolute Temperature.
Combined First and Second Laws.
7. Applications of the Second Law.
Entropy Changes in Reversible Processes. Temperature-Entropy Diagrams. Entropy Change of the
Surroundings for a Reversible Process. Entropy Change for an Ideal Gas. The Tds Equations.
Entropy Change in Irreversible Processes. Free Expansion of an Ideal Gas. Entropy Change for a
Liquid or Solid.
8. Thermodynamic Potentials.
Introduction. The Legendre Transformation. Definition of the Thermodynamic Potentials. The
Maxwell Relations. The Helmholtz Function. The Gibbs Function. Application of the Gibbs
Function to Phase Transitions. An Application of the Maxwell Relations. Conditions of Stable
9. The Chemical Potential and Open Systems.
The Chemical Potential. Phase Equilibrium. The Gibbs Phase Rule. Chemical Recessions. Mixing
10. The Third Law of Thermodynamics.
Statements of the Third Law. Methods of Cooling. Equivalence of the Statements. Consequences of
the Third Law.
11. The Kinetic Theory of Gases.
Basic Assumptions. Molecular Flux. Gas Pressure and the Ideal Gas Law. Equipartition of Energy.
Specific Heat Capacity of an Ideal Gas. Distribution of Molecular Speeds. Mean Free Path and
Collision Frequency. Effusion. Transport Processes.
12. Statistical Thermodynamics.
Introduction. Coin-Tossing Experiment. Assembly of Distinguishable Particles. Thermodynamic
Probability and Entropy. Quantum States and Energy Levels. Density of Quantum States.
13. Classical and Quantum Statistics.
Bloltzmann Statistics. The Method of Lagrange Multipliers. The Boltzmann Distribution. The
Fermi-Dirac Distribution. The Bose-Einstein Distribution. Dilute Gases and the Maxwell-
Boltzmann Distribution. The Connection between Classical and Statistical Thermodynamics.
Comparison of the Distributions. Alternative Statistical Models.
14. The Classical Statistical Treatment of an Ideal Gas.
Thermodynamic Properties from the Partition Function. Partition Function for a Gas. Properties of a
Monatomic Ideal Gas. Applicability of the Maxwell-Boltzmann Distribution. Distribution of
Molecular Speeds. Equipartition of Energy. Entropy Change of Mixing Revisited. Maxwell's
15. The Heat Capacity of a Diatomic Gas.
Entropy 2002, 4 167

Introduction. The Quantified Linear Oscillator. Vibrational Modes of Diatomic Molecules.

Rotational Modes of Diatomic Molecules. Electronic Excitation. The Total Heat Capacity.
16. The Heat Capacity of a Solid.
Introduction. Einstein's Theory of the Heat Capacity of a Solid. Debye's Theory of the Heat
Capacity of a Solid.
17. The Thermodynamics of Magnetism.
Introduction. Paramagnetism. Properties of a Spin-1/2 Paramagnet. Adiabatic Demagnetization.
NegativeTemperature. Ferromagnetism.
18. Bose-Einstein Gases.
Blackbody Radiation. Properties of a Photon Gas. Bose-Einstein Condensation. Properties of a
Boson Gas. Application to Liquid Helium.
19. Fermi-Dirac Gases.
The Fermi Energy. The Calculation of (T). Free Electrons in a Metal. Properties of a Fermion
Gas. Application to White Dwarf Stars.
20. Information Theory.
Introduction. Uncertainty and Information. Unit of Information. Maximum Entropy. The
Connection to Statistical Thermodynamics. Information Theory and the Laws of Thermodynamics.
Maxwell's Demon Exorcised.
Appendix A. Review of Partial Differentiation.
Partial Derivatives. Exact and Inexact Differentials.
Appendix B. Stirling's Approximation.
Appendix C. Alternative Approach to Finding the Boltzmann Distribution.
Appendix D. Various Integrals.
Answers to Selected Problems.

*Editor's Note: The brief summary and the contents of the books are reported as provided by the
author or the publishers. Authors and publishers are encouraged to send review copies of their recent
books of potential interest to readers of Entropy to the Editor-in-Chief (Dr. Shu-Kun Lin, MDPI,
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2002 by MDPI ( Reproduction for noncommercial purposes permitted.