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Landslide generated impulse waves in reservoirs - Basics and computation

Spread sheets
Project name - Operator -
Computational point - Date -
Governing parameters
Wave generation (Subsection 3.2.2)
Slide impact velocity Vs [m/s] - Bulk slide density s [kg/m3] -
Bulk slide volume Vs [m3] - Bulk slide porosity n [%] -
Slide thickness s [m] - Slide impact angle [] -
Slide or reservoir width b [m] - Still water depth h [m] -
Wave propagation (3D or 2D) (Subsection 3.2.2)
Wave basin (3D) Wave channel (2D)
Radial distance r [m] - Streamwise distance x [m] -
Wave propagation angle [] -
Wave run-up and overtopping (Subsection 3.3.2)
Still water depth h [m] - Freeboard f [m] -
Run-up angle [] - Crest width bK [m] --
Main results
Wave heigth H (HM) [m] -
Wave amplitude a (aM) [m] -
Wave period T (TM) [s] -
Wave length L (LM) [m] -
Run-up height R [m] -
Overtopping volume V0 per unit length dam crest for f = 0 [m3/m] -
Duration of overtopping t0 for f = 0 [s] -
Average discharge q0m per unit length dam crest for f = 0 [m2/s] -
Maximum discharge q0M per unit length dam crest for f = 0 [m2/s] -
Overtopping volume per unit length dam crest V [m3/m] -
Hor. force comp. p.u.l. dam crest resulting only from hydrostatic pressure KRW,h [N/m] -
Ver. force comp. p.u.l. dam crest resulting only from hydrostatic pressure KRW,v [N/m] -
Wave type (Stokes-like wave 3.4.3 or remaining wave types 3.4.4) -
Remaining: total horizontal force component per unit length dam crest resulting from an -
impulse wave and hydrostatic pressure Ktot,h [N/m]
Remaining: reduced total horizontal force component per unit length dam crest resulting -
from an impulse wave and hydrostatic pressure Ktot,h,abg [N/m]
Remaining: elevation zK,tot,h,abg of the resultant of Ktot,h,abg [m] -
S/r: additional hor. force comp. p.u.l. dam crest resulting from impulse wave Kh [N/m] -
Stokes: elevation zK,h of the resultant of Kh [m] -
S/r: ad. vertical force component p.u.l. dam crest resulting from impulse wave Kv [N/m] -
Limitations
Number of not satisfied limitations out of 23 (2D) or 24 (3D), respectively -

Spread sheets Input and output 1


Computation procedure

Figure 3-1 Computation procedure of landslide generated impulse waves with the phases of the impulse wave, computation methods and references to the sections .

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Results
Values dependent on 2D or 3D (Subsection 3.2.3.1)
Impulse product parameter P [-] (Eq. 3.5) -
2D: Heller (2007a) based on Zweifel (2004) and Fritz (2002) (Subsection 3.2.3.2)
Eq. (3.7) Streamwise distance of the maximum wave amplitude from the impact location xM [m] -
Eq. (3.10) or Eq. (3.6) Wave height H (HM) [m] -
Eq. (3.4) Wave amplitude a (aM) [m] -
Eq. (3.11) or Eq. (3.8) Wave period T (TM) [s] -
Eq. (3.3) Wave celerity c [m/s] -
Eq. (3.12) or Eq. (3.9) Wave length L (LM) [m] -
3D: Heller (2007a) with conversion-method of Huber and Hager (1997) (Subsection 3.2.3.3)
Eq. (3.7) Streamwise distance of the maximum wave amplitude from the impact location xM [m] -
Eq. (3.13) or (Eq. 3.6) Wave height H (HM) [m] -
Eq. (3.4) Wave amplitude a (aM) [m] -
Eq. (3.14) or Eq. (3.8) Wave period T (TM) [s] -
Eq. (3.3) Wave celerity c [m/s] -
Eq. (3.15) or Eq. (3.9) Wave length L (LM) [m] -
Mller (1995) (Subsection 3.3.3)
Eq. (3.16) Run-up height R [m] -
Figure 3-6(a) Overfall coefficient for the crest width b [-] -
Subsection (3.3.3) Overfall coefficient for the steady case q [-] -
Eq. (3.17) Overtopping volume V0 per unit length dam crest for f = 0 [m3/m] -
Eq. (3.19) Duration of overtopping t0 for f = 0 [s] -
Eq. (3.20) Average discharge q0m per unit length dam crest for f = 0 [m2/s] -
Figure B-4(b) Maximum discharge q0M per unit length dam crest for f = 0 [m2/s] -

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Eq. (3.18) Overtopping volume per unit length dam crest V [m3/m] -
Classification of wave types with Eq. (3.23) after Heller (2007a) (Subsection 3.4.3)
Eq. (3.23) or Eq. (3.29) Wave type product -
Eq. (3.23) or Eq. (3.29) Term on the right hand side -
Eq. (3.23) or Eq. (3.29) Wave type -
= 90: Stokes-like waves with Sainflou (1928) (Subsection 3.4.3)
Eq. (3.21) Horizontal force component per unit length dam crest resulting only from hydrostatic pressure KRW,h [N/m] -
Eq. (3.22) Vertical force component per unit length dam crest resulting only from hydrostatic pressure KRW,v [N/m] -
Eq. (3.24) Pressure on dam foundation according to Sainflou (1928) p1 [N/m2] -
Eq. (3.25) Average water level rise according to Sainflou (1928) h [m] -
Eq. (3.26) Pressure at still water level according to Sainflou (1928) p2 [N/m2] -
Eq. (3.27) Additional horizontal force component per unit length dam crest resulting from impulse wave Kh [N/m] -
Eq. (3.28) Elevation zK,h of the resultant of Kh [m] -
After Eq. (3.22) Additional vertical force component per unit length dam crest resulting from impulse wave Kv [N/m] -
= 90: remaining wave types with Ramsden (1996) (Subsection 3.4.4)
Eq. (3.21) Horizontal force component per unit length dam crest resulting only from hydrostatic pressure KRW,h [N/m] -
After Eq. (3.22) Vertical force component per unit length dam crest resulting only from hydrostatic pressure KRW,v [N/m] -
Eq. (3.30) Total hor. force comp. p.u.l. dam crest resulting from an impulse wave and hydrostatic pressure Ktot,h [N/m] -
Reduction of force effect if wave overtops (Subsection 3.4.4)
Eq. (3.32) Pressure at dam crest pK [N/m2] -
Eq. (3.33) Reduced total horizontal force component per unit length dam crest resulting from an impulse wave and hydrostatic -
pressure Ktot,h,abg [N/m]
Eq. (3.34) Elevation zK,tot,h,abg of the resultant of Ktot,h,abg [m] -
Eq. (3.33) Eq. (3.21) Additional horizontal force component per unit length dam crest resulting from impulse wave Kh [N/m] -
After Eq. (3.22) Additional vertical force component per unit length dam crest resulting from impulse wave Kv [N/m] -

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Parameter limitations control

Limitations for the impulse wave generation


Table 3-2 Limitations for the calculation of the impulse waves generation.

Slide Froude number - -


Relative slide thickness - -
Relative slide mass - -
Relative slide density - -
Relative grain density - -
Relative slide volume - -
Bulk slide porosity - -
Slide impact angle - -
Relative slide width - -
Relative radial distance - -
Wave propagation angle - -
Relative distance - -
Impulse product parameter - -

Limitations for the wave run-up


Table 3-3 Limitations for the calculation of the wave run-up.

Relative wave height - -


Wave steepness - -
Relative angle - -

Spread sheets Limitations 5


Limitations for the overtopping
Table 3-4 Limitations for the calculation of overtopping.

Relative wave height - -


Non-linearity - -
Wave steepness - -
Relative period - -
Relative wave celerity - -
Relative wave length - -
Relative angle - -

Limitations for the duration of overtopping t0


Table 3-5 Limitations for the calculation of the duration of overtopping t0.

Relative wave period - -


Relative duration of overtopping - -

Number of not satisfied limitations out of 23 (2D) or 24 (3D), respectively -

Spread sheets Limitations 6