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Commissioning Service

Department
Commissioning Standard Test
Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY
Record No.:
TEST
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 1 of 16
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

1 GENERAL DATA AND INFORMATION

Designation No. TR. Differential Relay


Type
TRF Manufacture TR.R.E.F Relay Type
Rating HV CT Ratio / Class:
Winding Vector LV CT Ratio
/ Class:
Group
Impedance % HV BCT Ratio / Class:
No. of Taps LV BCT Ratio / Class:
Ratio Main Tap: / KV Last Tap: / KV

2 Transformer Stability and Sensitivity Test Procedure

1Objective:
The objective of this test is confirm that the differential relay or REF
relay doesn't operate at normal conditions even though load
currents are high, where It should operate when a fault occurs in its
zone.
2 Source:
Suitable 3 phase generator (Separate) 380 volt 60 Hz or
Suitable Voltage.
SEC supply.

3 Precautions:

1Good earth of:


1The Generator.
2The Transformer.
3The shield of the cables.
2The correct size of connected testing cables.
3Determine working zones and places and preventing any person to be in
these zones.
4Suitable MCB for 3-phase supply.
5CT terminal blocks must be checked and tightness well.
6All REF (Restricted Earth Fault) relays must be removed or its CT terminal
shorted.
7Check the Phase Sequence of the 3-Phase Supply.
8Test equipments and tools:
Calibrated multi-meters.

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service
Department
Commissioning Standard Test
Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY
Record No.:
TEST
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 2 of 16
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

Calibrated testers for measure current and phase angle.

4 Calculation:

The following calculation is as a general example.

Technical Data of Power Transformer:


- Two winding - three phase - Ynyn0d1 transformer.
- 132/13.8 KV.
- 60 MVA.
- Rated current 262.43 / 2510.22 A.
- HV CTR = 300/1.
- LV CTR = 3000/1.
- Percentage impedance:
At Tap 7L = 25.137 %
At Tap N = 23.594 %
At Tap 11R = 21.847 %

Calculation:

At normal tap.

- H.V side:

60 10 6
I1 p 262.43 A
3 132 10 3
1
IPCT 1.14
0.875

- LV Side:
60 10 6
I 2s 2510.22 A
3 13.8 10 3
2510.22
i2 0.837 A
3000 1

1
IPCT 1.2
0.837

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service
Department
Commissioning Standard Test
Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY
Record No.:
TEST
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 3 of 16
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

Z Z %
KV
2

MVA

Z 0.25137
13.8 0.797848
2

60
At Tap 7L
When we apply 380 V power supply at LV side
380 3
I 2( LV ) 274.981A
0.797848
274.981
i2 91.7 mA
3000
1.2
i 2 91.7 63.5mA
3
After IPCT
13.8
I1( HV ) 274.981 28.74 A
132
28.74
i1 95.8mA
300
1.14
i1 95.8 77.44mA
3
After IPCT
At Tap N

Z 0.23594
13.8 0.748874
2

60
When we apply 380 V power supply at LV side
380 3
I 2( LV ) 292.96 A
0.748874
292.96
i2 97.65mA
3000
1 .2
i 2 97.65 67.67 mA
3
After IPCT
13.8
I1( HV ) 292.96 30.62 A
132

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service
Department
Commissioning Standard Test
Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY
Record No.:
TEST
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 4 of 16
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

30.62
i1 102.8mA
300
1.14
i1 102.8 67.19mA
3
After IPCT
At Tap 11R

Z 0.21848
13.8 0.693456
2

60
When we apply 380 V power supply at LV side
380 3
I 2( LV ) 316.38 A
0.693456
316.38
i2 105.49mA
3000
1.2
i 2 105.49 73.06mA
3
After IPCT
13.8
I1( HV ) 316.08 33.08 A
132
33.08
i1 110.25mA
300
1.14
i1 110.25 72.57mA
3
After IPCT

5 Final setting testing check:

1 Check the final setting of the differential relay.


2 Check the final setting of the REF relays.

6 Transformer differential stability and sensitivity test for tap no ------

1 stability test

1 Primary measurements

Source V&I
Tested by: B-RENG. Y-B R-Y N B
Witnessed by: Y ENG. R

Signature & Date: Signature & Date: V (V)


I (A)
Commissioning Service
Department
Commissioning Standard Test
Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY
Record No.:
TEST
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 5 of 16
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

2 Secondary measurements

Diff. relay Diff. relay Phas


LV Side HV Side
(LV side) (HV side) e
I
I I sec. I pri. I pri.
T.B. I (mA) T.B. T.B. sec. T.B.
(mA) (mA) (A) (A)
(mA)
R
Y
B
N

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service
Department
Commissioning Standard Test
Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY
Record No.:
TEST
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 6 of 16
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

3 Differential Relay Current Measurement (for Digital relays)

DIFF Relay
DIFF Relay
Phas Measurement DIFF Current Restrain Current
Measurement
e HV side current Id mA IR mA
LV side current A
A
R
Y
B

2 Sensitivity Test by swapping CT Terminals :

1 Secondary measurements

Diff. relay (LV Diff. relay Phas


LV Side HV Side
side) (HV side) e
I I I
I T.B T.B I pri.
I (mA) T.B. sec. sec. T.B. pri.
(mA) . . (A)
(mA) (mA) (A)
R
Y
B
N

2 Differential Relay Current Measurement (for Digital relays)

DIFF Relay DIFF Relay Restrain


DIFF Current
Phase Measurement Measurement Current
Id mA
HV side current A LV side current A IR mA
R
Y
B

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service
Department
Commissioning Standard Test
Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY
Record No.:
TEST
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 7 of 16
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

7 Transformer differential stability and sensitivity test for tap no ------

1stability test

1Primary measurements

Source
V&I
B-R Y-B R-Y N B Y R
V (V)
I (A)

2Secondary measurements

Diff. relay (LV Diff. relay (HV Phas


LV Side HV Side
side) side) e
I I
I
I sec. I pri. sec. T.B
I (mA) T.B. T.B. T.B. pri.
(mA) (mA (A) (mA .
(A)
) )
R
Y
B
N

3Differential Relay Current Measurement(for Digital relays)

DIFF Relay
DIFF Relay DIFF Restrain
Phas Measurement
Measurement Current Current
e LV side current
HV side current A Id mA IR mA
A
R
Y
B

2Sensitivity Test by swapping CT Terminals :

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service
Department
Commissioning Standard Test
Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY
Record No.:
TEST
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 8 of 16
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

1Secondary measurements

Diff. relay (LV Diff. relay (HV Phas


LV Side HV Side
side) side) e
I I I
I T.B I pri.
T.B. I (mA) sec. T.B. sec. T.B. pri.
(mA) . (A)
(mA) (mA) (A)
R
Y
B
N

2Differential Relay Current Measurement(for Digital relays)

DIFF Relay DIFF Relay


DIFF Restrain
Phas Measurement Measurement
Current Current
e HV side current LV side current
Id mA IR mA
A A
R
Y
B

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service
Department
Commissioning Standard Test
Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY
Record No.:
TEST
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 9 of 16
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

8 Transformer differential stability and sensitivity test for tap no ------

1 stability test

1Primary measurements :
Source V&I
B-R Y-B R-Y N B Y R
V (V)
I (A)

2Secondary measurements:

Diff. relay (LV Diff. relay Phas


LV Side HV Side
side) (HV side) e
I I I I
I T.B T.B
I (mA) T.B. T.B. sec. pri. sec. pri.
(mA) . .
(mA) (A) (mA) (A)
R
Y
B
N

3Differential Relay Current Measurement (for Digital relays)

DIFF Relay
DIFF Relay Restrain
Phas Measurement DIFF Current
Measurement Current
e LV side current Id mA
HV side current A IR mA
A
R
Y
B

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service
Department
Commissioning Standard Test
Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY
Record No.:
TEST
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 10 of 16
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

2 Sensitivity Test by swapping CT Terminals :

1Secondary measurements
Diff. relay (LV Diff. relay (HV Phas
LV Side HV Side
side) side) e
I
I I
I I pri. sec. T.B
T.B. I (mA) T.B. sec. T.B. pri.
(mA) (A) (mA .
(mA) (A)
)
R
Y
B
N

2Differential Relay Current Measurement (for Digital relays)

DIFF Relay DIFF Relay


Restrain
Measurement Measurement DIFF Current
Phase Current
HV side current LV side current Id mA
IR mA
A A
R
Y
B

9 Stability And Sensitivity Of REF HV Side At Tap No ----

1 Stability test

VRN= _______ VYN= _______ VBN= _______

Measured I secondary REF relay


Connected I Wire From Wire From CT's
Supply to primary I (mA) V (V)
neutral CT sum
Phase (A)
I (mA) I(mA)
T.B. No

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service
Department
Commissioning Standard Test
Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY
Record No.:
TEST
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 11 of 16
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

R-N
Y-N
B-N

2 Sensitivity Test by Swapping CT Terminals :

Measured I secondary REF relay


Connected I Wire From neutral Wire From CT's V
Supply to primar I (mA)
CT sum (V)
Phase y (A)
I (mA) I (mA)
T.B. No
R-N
Y-N
B-N

10 Stability and sensitivity of REF HV Side at Tap No ----

1 Stability and sensitivity of REF HV Side at Tap No ----

VRN= _______ VYN= _______ VBN= _______

Measured I secondary REF relay


Connected Wire From Wire From CT's
I primary I (mA) V (V)
Supply to neutral CT sum
(A)
Phase
I(mA) I(mA)
T.B. No
R-N
Y-N
B-N

2 Sensitivity Test by Swapping CT Terminals :

Measured I secondary REF relay


Connected Wire From Wire From CT's
I primary I (mA) V (V)
Supply to neutral CT sum
(A)
Phase
I(mA) I(mA)
T.B. No
R-N
Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service
Department
Commissioning Standard Test
Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY
Record No.:
TEST
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 12 of 16
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

Y-N
B-N

11 Stability and sensitivity of REF HV Side at Tap No ----

1 Stability and sensitivity of REF HV Side at Tap No ----

VRN= _______ VYN= _______ VBN= _______

Measured I secondary REF relay


Connected I Wire From neutral
Supply to primary Wire From CT's sum I (mA) V (V)
CT
Phase (A)
I(mA) I(mA)
T.B. No
R-N
Y-N
B-N

2 Sensitivity Test by Swabing CT Terminals :

Measured I secondary REF relay


Connected Wire From Wire From CT's
I primary I (mA) V (V)
Supply to neutral CT sum
(A)
Phase
I(mA) I(mA)
T.B. No
R-N
Y-N
B-N

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service
Department
Commissioning Standard Test
Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY
Record No.:
TEST
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 13 of 16
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

12 Stability and sensitivity of REF LV Side at Tap No ----

1 Stability and sensitivity of REF HV Side at Tap No ----

VRN= _______ VYN= _______ VBN= _______

Measured I secondary REF relay


Connected Wire From Wire From CT's
I primary I (mA) V (V)
Supply to neutral CT sum
(A)
Phase
I(mA) I(mA)
T.B. No
R-N
Y-N
B-N

2 Sensitivity Test by Swapping CT Terminals :

Measured I secondary REF relay


Connected Wire From Wire From CT's
I primary I (mA) V (V)
Supply to neutral CT sum
(A)
Phase
I(mA) I(mA)
T.B. No
R-N
Y-N
B-N

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service
Department
Commissioning Standard Test
Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY
Record No.:
TEST
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 14 of 16
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

13 Stability and sensitivity of REF LV Side at Tap No ----

1 Stability and sensitivity of REF HV Side at Tap No ----

VRN= _______ VYN= _______ VBN= _______

Measured I secondary REF relay


Connected Wire From Wire From CT's
I primary I (mA) V (V)
Supply to neutral CT sum
(A)
Phase
I(mA) I(mA)
T.B. No
R-N
Y-N
B-N

2 Sensitivity Test by Swapping CT Terminals :

Connect Measured I secondary REF relay


I Wire From Wire From I
ed V (V)
primary neutral CT CT's sum (mA)
Supply
(A)
to Phase I(mA) I(mA)
T.B. No
R-N
Y-N
B-N

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service
Department
Commissioning Standard Test
Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY
Record No.:
TEST
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 15 of 16
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

14 Stability and sensitivity of REF LV Side at Tap No ----

1 Stability and sensitivity of REF HV Side at Tap No ----

VRN= _______ VYN= _______ VBN= _______

Connect Measured I secondary REF relay


I Wire From Wire From
ed I (mA) V (V)
primar neutral CT CT's sum
Supply to
y (A)
Phase I(mA) I(mA)
T.B. No
R-N
Y-N
B-N

2 Sensitivity Test by Swapping CT Terminals :

Measured I secondary REF relay


Connected Wire From Wire From CT's
I primary I (mA) V (V)
Supply to neutral CT sum
(A)
Phase
I(mA) I(mA)
T.B. No
R-N
Y-N
B-N
AL-BABTAIN

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date:


Commissioning Service
Department
Commissioning Standard Test
Formats
Description: TRANSFORMER STABILITY
Record No.:
TEST
Bay no.: Drawing ref.: Sheet: 16 of 16
Contractor: Contract no.: Substation No :

Tested by: ENG. Witnessed by: ENG.

Signature & Date: Signature & Date: