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MIMO Mode Control

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Closed Loop MIMO (8x2): Fast Adaptive Closed Loop MIMO8x2: SRB1(DCCH) and RBs(DTCH)
on PDSCH are transmitted using either Single Stream Downlink Transmit Diversity or Single
or Dual Stream MIMO with Closed Loop spatial multiplexing depending on radio conditions
and UE category; SRB0(CCCH), BCCH and PCCH on PDSCH and all other physical channels are
transmitted using Single Stream Downlink Transmit Diversity.

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Transmit Diversity uses two transmit antennas over two symbol periods to transmit
two independent data symbols.
A stream of symbols is transmitted over two antennas. Each symbol is transmitted with
efficiently designed redundancy.
Applicable to control/broadcast channels (PDCCH, PBCH, PHICH, PCFICH), the
synchronization signals (PSS, SSS), and (sometimes) PDSCH
Not applicable to Reference Symbols

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DL adaptive closed loop MIMO (4x2) supports Transmit Diversity for 4 antenna ports in
Transmission Mode 4 (TM4) and in Transmission Mode 2 (TM2).
3GPP has specified open loop Transmit Diversity using one codeword: Precoding Feedback
and Rank Information is not required!
Transmit Diversity using 4 antenna ports is used whenever there is no valid, complete and
consistent Channel State Information available as detected by eNodeB.
During Initialization when RRC setup is performed
No update of valid CSI reports for single layer (RI=1) and dual layer (RI=2)
transmissions since a characteristic update time.
UE does not send valid reports (e.g. Category 1 UEs).
Transmit Diversity for 4 antenna ports is implemented as a combination of SFBC (Space
Frequency Block Coding) with FSTD (Frequency Switched Time Diversity).

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SingleTX ==> 0
TXDiv ==> 10
4-way TXDiv ==> 11
Dynamic Open Loop MIMO ==> 30
Closed Loop Mimo ==> 40
Closed Loop MIMO (4x2) ==> 41
Closed Loop MIMO (8x2) ==> 42
Single Stream Beamforming ==> 50
Dual Stream Beamforming ==> 60

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SingleTX ==> 0
TXDiv ==> 10
4-way TXDiv ==> 11
Dynamic Open Loop MIMO ==> 30
Closed Loop Mimo ==> 40
Closed Loop MIMO (4x2) ==> 41
Closed Loop MIMO (8x2) ==> 42
Single Stream Beamforming ==> 50
Dual Stream Beamforming ==> 60

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LTE1543

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LTE1543

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LTE1543

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SingleTX ==> 0
TXDiv ==> 10
4-way TXDiv ==> 11
Dynamic Open Loop MIMO ==> 30
Closed Loop Mimo ==> 40
Closed Loop MIMO (4x2) ==> 41
Closed Loop MIMO (8x2) ==> 42
Single Stream Beamforming ==> 50
Dual Stream Beamforming ==> 60

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CQI Filter:
- For Diversity (Report with Rank = 1) newCQI = WIDEBAND_CQI_Stream1 +
DELTA_CQI*rdMimoOllaUsedXX.
-For Spatial Multiplexing (Report with Rank = 2) newCQI = (WIDEBAND_CQI_Stream1 +
WIDEBAND_CQI_Stream2) / 2 + mimoCqiCompSmDivXX + DELTA_CQI*rdMimoOllaUsedXX.

During times on inactivity, also the CQI filter shall be slightly modified to provide a slow and
seamless movement towards Diversity Mode independent from mimoXXCqiAvg settings.
For every TTI mimoCQI(t) is decreased by:
mimoCQI(t) = rdMimoCqiAgeing *mimoCQI(t-1)

Averaging:
mimoCQI(t) = (1-mimoXXCqiAvg)*mimoCQI(t-1) + mimoXXCqiAvg*newCQI.

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actFastMimoSwitch (LNCEL)
The parameter defines which MIMO mode shall be activated. The choice is twofold:
Fast Adaptive MIMO Switching - this is the mode using fast rank selection and codebook
based precoding, based on reported precoding matrix indicators (PMI) and rank indicator
(RI). The reporting of PMI and RI should be optimized to allow for low reporting delays. This
method allows for quick adaptation of MIMO mode used to the reported conditions.
Dynamic MIMO Switching - this mode uses filtered RI and CQI (Channel Quality Indicator)
reported by the UE, to decide on use of specific MIMO mode. The filtered values are
compared to predefined switching thresholds. This method is slower to react to the
reported changing conditions, but on the other hand is not affected by short term variations

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FTM-840, FTM-815

pseudo-random sequence (length 31 Gold


sequence)
initialization contains Cell ID, nSCID, slot number
within a radio frame

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The decision of TM3 - TM7/TM8 mode switch of UE is based on normalized, compensated


and filtered CQI measurements of the UE. The following CQI thresholds should be set:
tm7to3CqiThand tm3to7CqiTh when TM7 is configured,
tm8to3CqiTh and tm3to8CqiTh when TM8 is configured.
The prohibitTimerTmSwitch timer is applied to avoid too frequent switch. The timer will
start when MAC trigger TM switch procedure. MAC will not trigger another TM switch until
the timer expires.
Pre-condition for TM3 - TM7/TM8 switch:
- dynamic mode switch is activated by actTmSwitch parameter,
- dlMimoMode paramter is set to: 3 (Dynamic Open Loop MIMO) or 5 (Single stream
Beamforming) or 6 (dual stream beamforming).
- UE is TM7 or TM8 capable and appropriate antenna arrangement of eNodeB's is deployed.

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For all candidate set 2 users their friend list should be initialized to NULL. For users
which are in TM8 BF single stream mode and whose corrected
CQI >= tm8MuMimoCqiThd a correlation value will be calculated according to the
equation
where Ui and Uj are the left-side unitary matrices of the SVD decomposition of the
averaged covariance matrix of ithand jth user, as defined
in RRM_LTE_SFS_RRMT.4845. DRX users are excluded.
If the correlation for ith and jth UE is less than tm8MuMimoCorrThd, ith will add jth UE
to its friend list and vice versa. The friend list is then ordered in the ascending
order, so the resulting MU-MIMO pairs will be the least correlated ones.

UEs in TM8 single stream mode of which compensated and averaged CQI is above
the tm8MuMimoCqiThdthreshold will be considered for further evaluation to be paired in
MU-MIMO mode. Further evaluation consists of checking cross-correlation between UEs
and selecting pair which is least correlated, according to description
oftm8MuMimoCorrThd parameter.

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