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CE 332 : Structural Design II

L2 STRUCTURAL STEEL Spring 2017

Instructor:
Prof. Meera Raghunandan
3 Jan 2016

PROBLEMS WITH STEEL-CORROSION

http://www.rollanet.org/~conorw/cwome/article51&52combined.htm

CE 332: STRUCTURAL DESIGN II PROF. MEERA RAGHUNANDAN IIT BOMBAY 2

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PROBLEMS WITH STEEL- FIRE


Steels strength reduces with rise in
temperature. The yield and Tensile
strength at 500oC are about 60-70% of
room temperature (~21%)
Steel frames enclosing materials that Cardington fire test
are flammable require fire protection to
Before Fire
control the temperature of steel
members for sufficient time for
occupants to seek safety.
Generally fire proofing is provided for
steel that may be exposed to fire.

After Fire
SteelConstruction.info
CE 332: STRUCTURAL DESIGN II PROF. MEERA RAGHUNANDAN IIT BOMBAY 3

PROBLEMS WITH STEEL- FATIGUE


The damage and failure of materials
under cyclic loads is called fatigue
damage.
Associated with initiation and
propagation of microscopic cracks into
macroscopic cracks by application of
alternating stresses.
Fatigue need not be considered unless
numerous significant fluctuations of
stress are expected.
Eg. Cranes, bridges

Schwab and Karlsruhe


CE 332: STRUCTURAL DESIGN II PROF. MEERA RAGHUNANDAN IIT BOMBAY 4

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IDEALIZED STRESS-STRAIN CURVE

Elastic Region
Plastic Region
Stress,

Strain,
(N. Subramanian)
CE 332: STRUCTURAL DESIGN II PROF. MEERA RAGHUNANDAN IIT BOMBAY 5

STRUCTURAL STEEL PRODUCTS


They are classified into the
following:
Flat hot rolled products plates,
flat bars, sheets and strips
Hot rolled sections rolled
shapes, and hollow structural
sections
Bolts
Welding electrodes
Cold rolled shapes
(N. Subramanian)
http://www.steel-structures.eu
CE 332: STRUCTURAL DESIGN II PROF. MEERA RAGHUNANDAN IIT BOMBAY

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COLD FORMED SECTIONS (IS 801)


Cold formed steel sections are made from light-gauge steel strips,
2mm to 4mm thick (20 B.G.- 8 B.G.)
Due the possibility of local instability, lips are provided to give
increased stiffness.

(N. Subramanian)
http://www.tatasteelconstruction.com

CE 332: STRUCTURAL DESIGN II PROF. MEERA RAGHUNANDAN IIT BOMBAY

HOT ROLLED SECTIONS

Will be studied more in


detail later

(N. Subramanian)
http://www.tatasteelconstruction.com

CE 332: STRUCTURAL DESIGN II PROF. MEERA RAGHUNANDAN IIT BOMBAY

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CHOICE OF SECTION
Governed by the cross-sectional area, section modulus and radius of
gyration
IS:808 and IS handbook No.1 lists the properties
Important: Availability in the market and the ease with which they
may be connected (medium channels, beams and many equal angles
are readily obtained)
Catalogs from SAIL, Tata Steel, Essar Steel, etc

(N. Subramanian)
CE 332: STRUCTURAL DESIGN II PROF. MEERA RAGHUNANDAN IIT BOMBAY

WELDED AND HYBRID SECTIONS

(N. Subramanian)
CE 332: STRUCTURAL DESIGN II PROF. MEERA RAGHUNANDAN IIT BOMBAY

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DIFFERENT STRUCTURAL MEMBERS

Beams (purlins, girts)


Tension members (ties,
bracings)
Compression members
(columns)
Beam-columns
Torsion members
Plates
(N. Subramanian)
CE 332: STRUCTURAL DESIGN II PROF. MEERA RAGHUNANDAN IIT BOMBAY