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SONNET XXIX

SONNET XXIX

1 When, in disgrace with fortune and men's ey es, A

2 I all alone beweep my outcast st ate , B

3 And trouble deaf heaven with my bootless cri es, A

4 And look upon myself, and curse my f ate , B

5 Wishing me like to one more rich in h ope , C

6 Featur'd like him, like him with friends possess'd, D

7 Desiring this man's art and that man's sc ope , C

8 With what I most enjoy contented le ast; D

9 Yet in these thoughts myself almost despis ing, E

10 Haply I think on thee, and then my st ate , B

11 Like to the lark at break of day aris ing E

12 From sullen earth, sings hymns at heaven's g ate ; B

13 For thy sweet love remember'd such wealth br ings F

B 13 For thy sweet love remember'd such wealth br ings F 14 That then I

Introduction

1. What kind of text is it ?

This is a classic Shakespearean sonnet .

It is part of the Love Sonnets of William Shakespeare which they are a set of 154 poems dedicated mainly to love, but also to philosophy and politics.

of William Shakespeare which they are a set of 154 poems dedicated mainly to love, but

2. Who is the author ?

2. Who is the author ?  The author is William Shakespeare (1564 – 1616), an

The author is William Shakespeare (15641616), an English poet,

playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the

English language.

He is often called England's national poet, and the "Bard of Avon".

3. Who is speaking in the poem ?

(The speaker)

In the man .

He could also be Shakespeare

because he uses the first person

speaker is a

poem the

on several occasions.

man .  He could also be Shakespeare because he uses the first person speaker is

4. What is the text about ?

4. What is the text about ?  The poem is about a man who questions

The poem is about a man who questions his place in the world because he feels marginalized . He envies others who have more than him.

But then, he thinks of his beloved and

he begins to value what he has , in a way that he will not change his life for that of

a king.

5. What is the formal structure and

the rhyme scheme of the poem ?

The poem is composed quatrains and a couplet .

So, it

of

three

has

14

lines of iambic

pentameter ending in a rhythmical

couplet.

The rhyme scheme used in the poem is: ABAB- CDCD- EBEB- FF.

iambic pentameter ending in a rhythmical couplet.  The rhyme scheme used in the poem is:

Analysis of the poem

First quatrain

B
B

The speaker is in a state of depression because he has had bad luck and he feels

marginalized “my outcast state”.

We found a metaphor as it is the way that men judge harshly the speaker.

We see a personification of God “deaf heaven” where the speaker thinks that God does not care about his problems and we see that he curses his situation again.

Second quatrain

Second quatrain  The speaker envies the others because they have something that he does not

The speaker envies the others because they have something that he does not has. Here, we see a jealous speaker .

He wants to be richer, more handsome and more popular . He also envies the artistic talent of man .

The quatrain ends with a paradox , because what makes him happy it's the same

thing that makes him unhappy.

Third quatrain

Third quatrain  The speaker remembers a person who makes him happy .  We see

The speaker remembers a person who makes him happy.

We see a simile where the speaker compares his mood with a lark .

In this way, we can understand that the day is much happier than the night and day break is compared to the dawning of a thought of the beloved .

The couplet

The couplet  The speaker tells us that the memory of his beloved makes him better

The speaker tells us that the memory of his beloved makes him better off than kings .

Therefore, we see that in this second part there has been a change in the mood of the speaker .

This change is also known as a typical Volta of Shakespeare's sonnets.

THANKS!!