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Grazy English

Pronomes pessoais do caso reto Ingles


I - Eu
You - Voce
He - Ele
She - Ea
It Ele/Ela
We - Nos
You - Voces
They Eles/Elas
Conjugators Verbo To-be
I am Eu sou / Eu estou
You are Voce / Voce esta
He is Ele / Ele esta
She is Ela / Ela esta
It is Ele/Ela coisa / Ele/Ela esta
We are Nos somos / Nos estamos
You are Voces so / Voces estao
They are
It is raining - Esta chovendo (Em portugus onde esta o sujeito).
Quem esta chovendo. Sempre que a frase ficar assim usamos o IT
It is 9 oclock So 9 horas. Quem nove horas. E no vamos obter
resposta. Nesse caso o sujeito sera sempre o IT
I am not Eu no sou
Pessoa verbo not
You are not
He is not
She is not
We are not
You are not
They are not
I am not tall Eu nao sou alta
We are not sad Nos no somos triste
I am Im
You are Youre
he is Hes
She is Shes
It is Its
We are Were
You are Youre
They are Theyre

Present Continuis / Presente Continuo


Usamos em portugus quando algo vai acontecer.
I am looking at the camera Eu estou olhando para a cmera
Next week I am travelling to So Paulo / Semana que vem eu estou
viajando para So Paulo
She is Always studying Ela esta estudando
I am studying to be a doctor Eu estou estudando para ser uma
medica.
Algumas pessoas dizem que o present seria o gerndio em portugus
(frases terminadas em ando, endo e indo)
Eu estou andando / Eu estou comendo / Eu estou dormindo
O present tambm o futuro.
Quando um verbo termina em e Exemplo Close tire o E e coloque
o ING. Ficando Closing.
Quando uma palavra termina em CVC Consoante Vogal
Consoante, voc obrigado a colocar o ING. Exemplo Get Ficando
Getting. Set Setting Configurar
Outro exemplo quando a palavra termina em IE Entao trocamos o
IE por Y e acrescentando o ING
Lie Deitar Ficando lying
Die Morrer Ficando Dying
No podemos tirar o verbo to be dizendo
I talking Eu falando
I speaking
Devemos deixar I am Speaking
No devemos trocar o verbo to be
Forma errada You is travelling
Forma correta You are travelling
Colocando a negao no verbo to be. Negao aps o verbo
I am not dancing
Para fazer uma pergunta O verbo to be vai pro comeo.
Am I Studying? Eu estou estudando?
Is she cating? Ela esta comendo?
Tambem podemos fazer uma pergunta com negao.
Isnt she brushing her teeth? Ela nao esta escovando os dentes
You arent ARNT
Im looking for a place Eu estou procurando por um lugar. Quando
tiver o looking for significa procurando.

3 Aula Simple Present / Presente Simples


O presente simples representa o verbo no seu tempo presente.
Eu ligo. Pura e nica funo. Representando a verdade.
I eat banana Eu como banana
I eat Apple Eu como maa
Isso uma verdade.
Close to you Perto de voc.
Close enough to start a war Estamos perto o bastante para comear
uma Guerra.

4 Aula Simple Present Interrogative and


Negative / Presente Simples Interrogativo e
negativo
Os auxiliares do presente simples so
I
You
We
You
They
Os auxiliaries da Terceira pessoa do singular Does
He
She
It
Do I drink water? Eu bebo agua?
Se tirar a afirmao fica I drink water
Se eu quero perguntar irei colocar o S no auxiliar.
Does he drink water?

Eu Bebo I drink
Eu no bebi I do not drink
Ele no bebe - He does not drink / He doesnt drink
They dont drink
Nao devemos escrever dont o entra I dont
Reviso
I dont eat
You dont walk(andar)
He doesnt speak Ele nao fala
It doesnt dark Ele nao late
We dont see Nos nao vemos
You dont know Voces nao sabem
They dont dance Eles nao danam

5 Aula Past Simple Vert to be Passado Simples


Verbo to be
I am a Doctor, but I was a student Eu sou uma medica, mais eu era
uma estudante.
I was
You were
He was
She was
It was

We were
You were
They were
Quando for fazer pergunta fica Was I? Were you?
Para negar
They were not
We were not

You are Presente


You are not Negao
You arent Contrair Juntar are + not = arenot. Ai tira o o e coloca
- Ficando Arent
A mesma coisa acontece no passado simples
I was
I was not Entao fica was+not = wasnot. Tira o o e fica wasnt
You were not were+not = werenot. Tira o O fica werent
Em caso de pergunta
Werent you?

6 Aula Past Simple Passado Simples


1 regra = Se terminar em E acrescente o D
Bake Baked
I bake Eu asso
I baked No passado
2 regra caso a palavra termine em consoante y acrescentamos o
ied.

Try - Tried
Exceo da regra do Y. Porque antes do Y vem uma vogal e no uma
consoante

I play = I played
3 regra Se terminar com CVC
Stop = Stopped
Control = Controlled
4 Regra

open = opened
Tabela de verbos mais usados irregulares em ingls

Verbos Irregulares - Irregular Verbs


PASSADO PARTICPIO
INFINITIVO TRADUO
SIMPLES PASSADO
to arise arose arisen erguer, levantar
to awake awoke awoken acordar, despertar-se
to be was / were been ser, estar, ficar
to bear bore borne suportar, aguentar
bater, superar, vencer, derrotar,
to beat beat beaten
espancar
to become became become tornar-se
to begin began begun comear, iniciar
to bet bet bet apostar
to bite bit bitten morder
to bleed bled bled sangrar
to break broke broken quebrar
to bring brought brought trazer
to build built built construir
to burn burnt/burned burnt/burned queimar
to buy bought bought comprar
to cast cast cast lanar
to catch caught caught pegar, agarrar
to choose chose chosen escolher
to come came come vir
to cost cost cost custar
to cut cut cut cortar
to deal dealt dealt tratar, lidar
to dig dug dug cavar, escavar
to do did done fazer
to draw drew drawn desenhar, traar, puxar, arrastar
dreamt / dreamt /
to dream sonhar
dreamed dreamed
to drink drank drunk beber
to drive drove driven dirigir, guiar
to eat ate eaten comer
cair, desaguar, abater-se,
to fall fell fallen
decrescer, diminuir
to feed fed fed alimentar, nutrir
to feel felt felt sentir, notar
to fight fought fought lutar, brigar
to find found found achar, encontrar
servir, ajustar, adaptar, caber,
to fit fitted fitted
assentar.
to fly flew flown voar
to forbid forbade forbidden proibir
to forget forgot forgotten esquecer(-se)
to forgive forgave forgiven perdoar
to freeze froze frozen congelar, gelar
to get got got / gotten obter, conseguir
to give gave given dar
to go went gone ir
to grow grew grown crescer, florescer, germinar
to hang hung hung pendurar, suspender
to have had had ter, possuir
to hear heard heard ouvir, escutar, ter notcias
to hide hid hidden esconder(-se), ocultar
to hit hit hit bater, chocar-se
to hold held held segurar, agarrar
to hurt hurt hurt ferir(-se), machucar
to keep kept kept manter, conservar, preservar
to know knew known saber, conhecer
to lay laid laid pr, colocar, derrubar, deitar
conduzir, liderar, dirigir,
to lead led led
comandar
to learn learnt / learned learnt / learned aprender, ficar sabendo
to leave left left partir, deixar, sair
to lend lent lent emprestar
to let let let permitir, deixar
to lie lay lain deitar, jazer
to lose lost lost perder
to light lit lit acender, iluminar

I sleep Eu durmo
I slept

7 Aula Simple Future Futuro Simples


I Work Eu trabalho
I will work Se tiver afirmando EU TRABALHAREI
I will not work Eu no trabalharei
Will you work? Voce vai trabalhar?
I am not going to work Eu no vou trabalhar
Am I going to work? Eu vou trabalhar?
Is he going to sleep
Will Probabilidade de que algo acontea no futuro
Eu acho I think
Eu espero + I hope (de esperana)
possvel Its possible
It will probably rain Provavelmente vai chover
Its cloudy outside
Its going to rain
I will carry it for you Eu vou carregar pra voce

8 Aula Object Pronoun Pronome Objeto /


Me Him Her US Them
I Me
You You
He Him
She Her
It It
We Us
You You
They Them
Vamos dizer que minha mae me ama. Ficaria
She loves me Ela me ama
She loves him
Show = Mostrar / apresentar
Give = Dar
Send = Enviar, mandar
I gave a book to him Eu dei a ele um livro
They sent us a postcard Eles nos mandaram um cartao postal.
It = singular
Them = plural

9 Aula Possessives Pronouns and


Adjectives / Pronomes e adjetivos possessivos
I My
You Your
He His
She Her
It Its
We Our
You Your
They Their
My flower singular
My flowers Plural
Nao podemos usar no ingles que ne, usamos no portugues.
Minha flor vermelha e a sua azul
My flower is red and your is blue Errado. Temos que usar a tabela
abaixo:
I Mine
You Yours
He His
She Hers
It Its
We Ours
You Yours
They Theirs
Her car is silver. Their car is red Porem podemos usar assim:
Her car is silver and their car is red. Tiramos o Their car e
subistituimos pelo pronome possessvel
Her car is silver and theirs is red

10 Aula Past Simple - Interrogative and negative /


Passado Simples interrogativo e negativo

Do you play? (presente) Voce joga?


Did you play? (past) Voce jogou?
Did I?
Did you?
Did he?
Did she?
Did it?
Did (Aux) + you (suj.) + play (Verbo e etc) Did you play
you (suj.) + Did (Aux) + Not + play (Verbo e etc) You did not play? Voce
nao jogou?
You didnt play Voce nao jogou

11 Aula Reflexive Pronouns / Pronomes Reflexivos -


Myself, yourself, himself, herself...

Pronomes

I Myself
You Yourself
He Humself
She Herself
It Itself
We Ourselves
You Yourselves
They Themselves

She cut herself Ela cortou a si mesma.

12 aula de ingls - Some, Any and No -


Uncountable and Countable nouns
O que contavel pode ir para o plural

One apple Two appes

Uma maa Duas maas

O que nao vai para o plural

Agua = Water

Vinho = Wine

Pao = bread (no pode ser contado como no portugus). A no ser


que voc pea 3 tipos de paes diferentes.

O some usado em frases afirmativas

I want some apple - Eu quero um pouco de maa

Some = Alguns, Algumas, Algum, Alguma, Um pouco de , uns

Some apples = Algumas mas

Would you like some coffee? Voce gostaria de um pouco de


caf?

Are you looking for someone? Voce esta procurando por


algum?
Something Alguma coisa
Someone Alguem
Somebody Alguem
Somewhere Algum lugar