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R.C.

BOX CULVERT(BS 8110)_LOT 3883 MUARA TEBAS LAND DISTRICT

RC BOX CONCRETE CULVERT DESIGN


Width of culvert = 1.2 m Height = 2 m
A. DIAGRAM
nsur

soil Hs

H1

H
H2

H3

B1 B2 B3 Psur

B. DIMENSION & PARAMETERS


H1 = 0.2 m nsur = 10 kN/m2
H2 = 2 m Hs = 0.6 m
H3 = 0.2 m k = 0.333
B1 = 0.2 m H = 3 m
B2 = 1.2 m he = 0.56 m
B3 = 0.2 m water = 9.81 kN/m3

soil = 18 kN/m3 hwater = - m

C. LOADING
HORIZONTAL LOAD
Load type Depth(m) Pressure
kN/m2
Surcharge Psur = ksoilhe all depth 3.33
Earth Pe = ksoilH 0.6 3.60
3 17.98
Water Pwater = waterhwater 0

VERTICAL LOAD
Load type Pressure Force
kN/m2 (kN/m)
Surcharge Vsur = 10 16
Earth cover Vcov = 10.8 17.28
Weight of water, Vwat=water x hwater 19.62 23.54
Weight of wall, Vwall(both side) 10.56
Weight of slab, Vslab
a) top slab 4.8 7.68
b) base slab 4.8 7.68

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R.C. BOX CULVERT(BS 8110)_LOT 3883 MUARA TEBAS LAND DISTRICT

Total 82.744

D DESIGN OF RC TOP SLAB


F= Vsur+Vcov + self wt top slab= 40.96 kN/m
F= Vsur+Vcov + self wt top slab= 61.44 kN/m
Reaction, R = = 0.5F= 30.72 kN
Shear V x = F(l/2-x)

l= 1.6 m

x (m) 0 0.8 1.6


V (kN) 49.15 0 -49.15

Moment ML = M R = 0 0 kNm
Mmid span = 1/8(Fl ) = 12.29 kNm

Take max. moment,


M = 12.29 kN.m cover = 25
fcu = 25 N/mm2 Bar dia. 12
b= 1000 mm d= 169
h= 200 mm fy = 460

k= M/fcubd2

= 0.017
z= d[0.5+(0.25-k/0.9)1/2]
= 165.70 mm
or z = 0.95d
= 160.55 mm
Use z = 161 mm
Asreq = M/0.95fyz = 175 mm2/m
Use bar size = 12 mm
No. of bar req 1.55 Asprov to be checked against
Say 8 numbers Asmin = 260
As prov = 904.32 mm2/m Asmax = 8000
Provide T 12 at 143 mm c/c

Shear (Clause 3.4.5.2)


V= 49.15 kN (factored by 1.5)
v =V/bd= 0.291 N/mm2
100Asprov/bd = 0.535
Table 3.8 vc = 0.64 N/mm2
x (fcu/25) =
1/3
0.68 N/mm2

v= 0.291 < vc = 0.68 No shear reinforcement required

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R.C. BOX CULVERT(BS 8110)_LOT 3883 MUARA TEBAS LAND DISTRICT

Deflection
Clause 3.4.6.3
Basic l/d ratio = 16 (max.) Table 3.9

M/bd2 = 0.43 Table 3.10


fs = 2/3 fy
= 306.67 N/mm2

Mod.factor = 0.55 + (477-fs)/120(0.9+M/bd2 less or same as 2 Table 3.10

= 1.62

Allowable l/d ratio = Basic l/d ration x mod. Factor


= 25.87

Actual l/d ratio = Actual Span /d


= 9.5 < allow l/d OK

E DESIGN OF RC WALL

Reactions (factored) Shear force(factored)

Horizontal load Total load, F base , Rb Top, Rt Base, Vb Top, Vt

(kN) (kN) (kN) 0 2.4


Surcharge 11.99 7.49 4.50 7.49 -21.28
1.62 1.01 0.61 1.01 -2.87
Earth
40.46 31.07 7.77 31.07 68.36
Water 0.00 0.00 0.00 - -
Total 54.07 39.58 12.87 39.58 44.21

Moments (factored)

Horizontal load Total load, F base , Mb Top, Rt


(kN) (kNm) (kNm)
Surcharge 11.99 -3.60 0.00
Earth 1.62 -0.49 0.00
40.46 -12.95 0.00
Water 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total 54.07 -17.03 0.00

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R.C. BOX CULVERT(BS 8110)_LOT 3883 MUARA TEBAS LAND DISTRICT

Bending moment
M = 17.03 kN.m cover = 25
fcu = 25 N/mm 2
Bar dia. 12
b= 1000 mm d= 169
h= 200 mm fy = 460

k= M/fcubd2

= 0.024
z= d[0.5+(0.25-k/0.9)1/2]
= 164.40 mm
or z = 0.95d
= 160.55 mm
Use z = 161 mm
Asreq = M/0.95fyz = 242 mm2/m
Use bar size = 12 mm
No. of bar req 2.14 Asprov to be checked against
Say 6 numbers Asmin = 260
As prov = 678.24 mm2/m Asmax = 8000
Provide T 12 at 200 mm c/c

Shear (Clause 3.4.5.2)

V= 44.21 kN
v =V/bd= 0.262 N/mm2
100Asprov/bd = 0.401
Table 3.8 vc = 0.58 N/mm2
x (fcu/25) =1/3
0.61 N/mm2

v= 0.262 < vc = 0.61 No shear reinforcement required

Deflection
Clause 3.4.6.3
Basic l/d ratio = 16 (max.) Table 3.9

M/bd2 = 0.60 Table 3.10


fs = 2/3 fy
= 306.67 N/mm2

Mod.factor = 0.55 + (477-fs)/120(0.9+M/bd2 less or same as 2 Table 3.10

= 1.50

Allowable l/d ratio = Basic l/d ration x mod. Factor


= 23.98

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R.C. BOX CULVERT(BS 8110)_LOT 3883 MUARA TEBAS LAND DISTRICT

Actual l/d ratio = Actual Span /d


= 14.2 < allow l/d OK

Check for axial load


Nactual = 48 kN (load from RC top slab-factored)

Check as wall(column) section capacity,


Ncap = 0.4fcuAc + 0.8Ascfy

= 2249592.32 N
= 2249.6 kN > Nactual OK

F DESIGN OF BASE

Wwall Wwall

L1 L2 L3
R1 R2
UDL = 36.63 KN/m (due to Base , hrpc mass concrete & water)
Wwall = 31.44 kN
L1 = 0.15 m
L2 = 1.3 m
L3 = 0.15 m

Reactions

R1 = R2 = 60.74 kN

Bending Moments
Moment due to
Position
Wall UDL
at L1 -1.57 -0.41
at midspan L2 -22.01 -11.72

M factored = 5.75 kN.m (factored)


fcu = 25 N/mm 2

b= 1000 mm
h= 200 mm
cover = 30 mm
Bar dia. 10 mm

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R.C. BOX CULVERT(BS 8110)_LOT 3883 MUARA TEBAS LAND DISTRICT

d= 165 mm
fy = 460 N/mm2

k= M/fcubd2

= 0.008
z= d[0.5+(0.25-k/0.9)1/2]
= 163.44 mm.(1)
or z = 0.95d
= 156.75 mm.(2)
Use z = 157 mm .lesser of (1) and (2)
Asreq = M/0.95fyz = 84 mm2/m
Use bar size = 10 mm
No. of bar req 1.07 Asprov to be checked against
Provide 6 numbers Asmin = 260
As prov = 471 mm2/m Asmax = 8000

Shear
V factored = 60.74 kN
v =V/bd= 0.37 N/mm2 < 0.8(fcu)0.5 or 5N/mm2
100Asprov/bd = 0.29
Table 3.8 vc = 0.52 N/mm2
x (fcu/25)1/3= 0.55 N/mm2

Punching shear
a) at pile perimeter
Pile size /dia., hp = 100 mm
v = V/uod = 1.38 N/mm2 < <0.8(fcu)0.5 or 5N/mm2

b) Critical perimeter, u

Critical perimeter , u = 2380 mm

Shear stress at critical perimeter,


v = V/ud

' = 0.15 N/mm2 < vc =

Deflection
Clause 3.4.6.3
Basic l/d ratio = 16 (max.) Table 3.9

M/bd2 = 0.32 Table 3.10


fs = 2/3 fy
= 306.67 N/mm2

Mod.factor = 0.55 + (477-fs)/120(0.9+M/bd2 less or same as 2 Table 3.10

= 1.72

Allowable l/d ratio = Basic l/d ration x mod. Factor

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R.C. BOX CULVERT(BS 8110)_LOT 3883 MUARA TEBAS LAND DISTRICT

= 27.46

Actual l/d ratio = Actual Span /d


Actual span= 1300 mm
d= 165 mm

=== 7.879 < allow.l/d 27.46

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R.C. BOX CULVERT(BS 8110)_LOT 3883 MUARA TEBAS LAND DISTRICT

Pearth

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R.C. BOX CULVERT(BS 8110)_LOT 3883 MUARA TEBAS LAND DISTRICT

(unfactored)
(factored)

mm
mm
mm
N/mm2

ecked against
mm2
mm2 OK

orcement required OK

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R.C. BOX CULVERT(BS 8110)_LOT 3883 MUARA TEBAS LAND DISTRICT

force(factored)

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R.C. BOX CULVERT(BS 8110)_LOT 3883 MUARA TEBAS LAND DISTRICT

mm
mm
mm
N/mm2

ecked against
mm2
mm2 OK

orcement required OK

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R.C. BOX CULVERT(BS 8110)_LOT 3883 MUARA TEBAS LAND DISTRICT

pc mass concrete & water)

Sum of Mom
Reactions kNm
0 -1.98
39.48 5.75

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R.C. BOX CULVERT(BS 8110)_LOT 3883 MUARA TEBAS LAND DISTRICT

ecked against
mm2
mm2 OK

0.8(fcu)0.5 or 5N/mm2 OK

<0.8(fcu)0.5 or 5N/mm2 OK

0.55 OK

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R.C. BOX CULVERT(BS 8110)_LOT 3883 MUARA TEBAS LAND DISTRICT

OK

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