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eRAN

eRAN6.0

CS Fallback Feature Parameter


Description

Issue 03
Date 2013-06-30

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2013. All rights reserved.
No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written
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Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description Contents

Contents

1 About This Document..................................................................................................................1


1.1 Scope..............................................................................................................................................................................1
1.2 Intended Audience..........................................................................................................................................................1
1.3 Change History...............................................................................................................................................................1

2 Overview.........................................................................................................................................4
2.1 Introduction....................................................................................................................................................................6
2.2 Benefits...........................................................................................................................................................................6
2.3 Architecture....................................................................................................................................................................6

3 End-to-End Procedures for CSFB.............................................................................................10


3.1 CSFB to UTRAN..........................................................................................................................................................11
3.1.1 Combined EPS/IMSI Attach Procedure....................................................................................................................11
3.1.2 CSFB Procedures for Mobile-originated Calls and Mobile-terminated Calls...........................................................12
3.1.3 CSFB Procedure for SMS..........................................................................................................................................17
3.1.4 CSFB Procedure for Emergency Calls......................................................................................................................17
3.1.5 CSFB Procedure for LCS..........................................................................................................................................18
3.1.6 RAN Information Management Procedure................................................................................................................18
3.2 CSFB to GERAN..........................................................................................................................................................19
3.2.1 Combined EPS/IMSI Attach Procedure....................................................................................................................19
3.2.2 CSFB Procedures for Mobile-originated Calls and Mobile-terminated Calls...........................................................19
3.2.3 CSFB Procedure for SMS..........................................................................................................................................26
3.2.4 CSFB Procedure for Emergency Calls......................................................................................................................26
3.2.5 CSFB Procedure for LCS..........................................................................................................................................26
3.2.6 RAN Information Management Procedure................................................................................................................27

4 CSFB at the eNodeB....................................................................................................................28


4.1 Basic Functions.............................................................................................................................................................29
4.1.1 Triggering Phase of CSFB.........................................................................................................................................30
4.1.2 Measurement Phase of CSFB....................................................................................................................................31
4.1.3 Decision Phase of CSFB............................................................................................................................................32
4.1.4 Execution Phase of CSFB..........................................................................................................................................32
4.2 Flash CSFB...................................................................................................................................................................34
4.3 CSFB with LAI.............................................................................................................................................................35
4.4 E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering........................................................................................................................37

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4.5 CSFB Flexible Steering................................................................................................................................................41


4.6 Load-based CSFB.........................................................................................................................................................42
4.7 CSFB Exception Handling...........................................................................................................................................43

5 Related Features...........................................................................................................................45
5.1 Features Related to LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to UTRAN.......................................................................................45
5.2 Features Related to LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to GERAN.......................................................................................45
5.3 Features Related to LOFD-001052 Flash CS Fallback to UTRAN.............................................................................46
5.4 Features Related to LOFD-001053 Flash CS Fallback to GERAN.............................................................................46
5.5 Features Related to LOFD-001068 CS Fallback with LAI to UTRAN.......................................................................47
5.6 Features Related to LOFD-001069 CS Fallback with LAI to GERAN.......................................................................47
5.7 Features Related to LOFD-001078 E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering...............................................................48
5.8 Features Related to LOFD-001088 CS Fallback Steering to UTRAN.........................................................................48
5.9 Features Related to LOFD-001089 CS Fallback Steering to GERAN.........................................................................49

6 Network Impact...........................................................................................................................50
6.1 LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to UTRAN.......................................................................................................................50
6.2 LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to GERAN.......................................................................................................................51
6.3 LOFD-001052 Flash CS Fallback to UTRAN.............................................................................................................51
6.4 LOFD-001053 Flash CS Fallback to GERAN.............................................................................................................52
6.5 LOFD-001068 CS Fallback with LAI to UTRAN.......................................................................................................53
6.6 LOFD-001069 CS Fallback with LAI to GERAN.......................................................................................................53
6.7 LOFD-001078 E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering...............................................................................................53
6.8 LOFD-001088 CS Fallback Steering to UTRAN.........................................................................................................53
6.9 LOFD-001089 CS Fallback Steering to GERAN.........................................................................................................54

7 Engineering Guidelines.............................................................................................................55
7.1 LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to UTRAN.......................................................................................................................55
7.1.1 When to Use CS Fallback to UTRAN.......................................................................................................................55
7.1.2 Required Information................................................................................................................................................55
7.1.3 Requirements.............................................................................................................................................................56
7.1.4 Data Preparation........................................................................................................................................................57
7.1.5 Precautions.................................................................................................................................................................60
7.1.6 Initial Configuration..................................................................................................................................................60
7.1.7 Activation Observation..............................................................................................................................................64
7.1.8 Deactivation...............................................................................................................................................................69
7.2 LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to GERAN.......................................................................................................................69
7.2.1 When to Use CS Fallback to GERAN.......................................................................................................................70
7.2.2 Required Information................................................................................................................................................70
7.2.3 Requirements.............................................................................................................................................................71
7.2.4 Data Preparation........................................................................................................................................................71
7.2.5 Precautions.................................................................................................................................................................76
7.2.6 Initial Configuration..................................................................................................................................................76
7.2.7 Activation Observation..............................................................................................................................................80

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description Contents

7.2.8 Deactivation...............................................................................................................................................................81
7.3 LOFD-001052 Flash CS Fallback to UTRAN.............................................................................................................81
7.3.1 When to Use Flash CS Fallback to UTRAN.............................................................................................................81
7.3.2 Required Information................................................................................................................................................82
7.3.3 Requirements.............................................................................................................................................................83
7.3.4 Data Preparation........................................................................................................................................................83
7.3.5 Precautions.................................................................................................................................................................88
7.3.6 Initial Configuration..................................................................................................................................................88
7.3.7 Activation Observation..............................................................................................................................................92
7.3.8 Deactivation...............................................................................................................................................................93
7.4 LOFD-001053 Flash CS Fallback to GERAN.............................................................................................................94
7.4.1 When to Use Flash CS Fallback to GERAN.............................................................................................................94
7.4.2 Required Information................................................................................................................................................94
7.4.3 Requirements.............................................................................................................................................................95
7.4.4 Data Preparation........................................................................................................................................................95
7.4.5 Precautions...............................................................................................................................................................100
7.4.6 Initial Configuration................................................................................................................................................100
7.4.7 Activation Observation............................................................................................................................................104
7.4.8 Deactivation.............................................................................................................................................................105
7.5 LOFD-001068 CS Fallback with LAI to UTRAN.....................................................................................................106
7.5.1 When to Use CS Fallback with LAI to UTRAN.....................................................................................................106
7.5.2 Required Information..............................................................................................................................................107
7.5.3 Requirements...........................................................................................................................................................108
7.5.4 Data Preparation......................................................................................................................................................108
7.5.5 Precautions...............................................................................................................................................................108
7.5.6 Initial Configuration................................................................................................................................................108
7.5.7 Activation Observation............................................................................................................................................108
7.5.8 Deactivation.............................................................................................................................................................109
7.6 LOFD-001069 CS Fallback with LAI to GERAN.....................................................................................................109
7.6.1 When to Use CS Fallback with LAI to GERAN.....................................................................................................109
7.6.2 Required Information..............................................................................................................................................109
7.6.3 Requirements...........................................................................................................................................................110
7.6.4 Data Preparation......................................................................................................................................................111
7.6.5 Precautions...............................................................................................................................................................111
7.6.6 Initial Configuration................................................................................................................................................111
7.6.7 Activation Observation............................................................................................................................................111
7.6.8 Deactivation.............................................................................................................................................................112
7.7 LOFD-001078 E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering.............................................................................................112
7.7.1 When to Use E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering.............................................................................................112
7.7.2 Required Information..............................................................................................................................................112
7.7.3 Requirements...........................................................................................................................................................112
7.7.4 Data Preparation......................................................................................................................................................113

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7.7.5 Precautions...............................................................................................................................................................115
7.7.6 Initial Configuration................................................................................................................................................115
7.7.7 Activation Observation............................................................................................................................................117
7.7.8 Deactivation.............................................................................................................................................................117
7.8 LOFD-001088 CS Fallback Steering to UTRAN.......................................................................................................118
7.8.1 When to Use CS Fallback Steering to UTRAN......................................................................................................118
7.8.2 Required Information..............................................................................................................................................119
7.8.3 Requirements...........................................................................................................................................................119
7.8.4 Data Preparation......................................................................................................................................................119
7.8.5 Precautions...............................................................................................................................................................126
7.8.6 Initial Configuration................................................................................................................................................126
7.8.7 Activation Observation............................................................................................................................................129
7.8.8 Deactivation.............................................................................................................................................................129
7.9 LOFD-001089 CS Fallback Steering to GERAN.......................................................................................................130
7.9.1 When to Use CS Fallback Steering to GERAN......................................................................................................130
7.9.2 Required Information..............................................................................................................................................130
7.9.3 Requirements...........................................................................................................................................................131
7.9.4 Data Preparation......................................................................................................................................................131
7.9.5 Precautions...............................................................................................................................................................135
7.9.6 Initial Configuration................................................................................................................................................135
7.9.7 Activation Observation............................................................................................................................................138
7.9.8 Deactivation.............................................................................................................................................................139
7.10 Performance Optimization........................................................................................................................................139
7.10.1 Performance Monitoring........................................................................................................................................139
7.10.2 Parameter Optimization.........................................................................................................................................140
7.11 Troubleshooting........................................................................................................................................................149
7.11.1 Fault 1....................................................................................................................................................................150
7.11.2 Fault 2....................................................................................................................................................................150
7.11.3 Fault 3....................................................................................................................................................................151

8 Parameters...................................................................................................................................152
9 Counters......................................................................................................................................202
10 Glossary.....................................................................................................................................236
11 Reference Documents.............................................................................................................237

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 1 About This Document

1 About This Document

1.1 Scope
This document describes the principles and procedures for circuit switched fallback (CSFB) to
universal terrestrial radio access network (UTRAN) or GSM/EDGE radio access network
(GERAN). It elaborates the functions provided by Huawei E-UTRAN NodeBs (eNodeBs)
during CSFB procedures. This document also provides engineering guidelines for setting the
essential parameters related to CSFB.

For details about CSFB to CDMA2000 1x Radio Transmission Technology (1xRTT), see LTE-
CDMA2000 CS Service Interworking Feature Parameter Description.

Any managed objects (MOs), parameters, alarms, or counters described below correspond to
the software release delivered with this document. Any future updates will be described in the
product documentation delivered with the latest software release.

This document applies only to LTE FDD. Any "L"or "LTE" in this document refers to LTE
FDD, and "eNodeB" refers to LTE FDD eNodeB.

1.2 Intended Audience


This document is intended for personnel who:

l Need to understand CSFB


l Work with Huawei LTE products

1.3 Change History


This section provides information about the changes in different document versions.

There are two types of changes, which are defined as follows:

l Feature change: refers to a change in the CSFB feature of a specific product version.
l Editorial change: refers to a change in wording or the addition of information that was not
described in the earlier version.

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 1 About This Document

Document Versions
The document versions are as follows:

l 02 (2013-05-31)
l 01 (2013-04-28)
l Draft A (2013-01-30)

02 (2013-05-31)
Compared with 01 (2013-04-28) of eRAN6.0, Issue 02 (2013-05-31) of eRAN6.0 includes the
following changes.

Change Type Change Description Parameter Change

Feature change None None

Editorial change Added the message during CSFB to None


UTRAN and flash CSFB to
GERAN. For details, see 7.1.7
Activation Observation and 7.4.7
Activation Observation.

01 (2013-04-28)
This is the first official release.

Compared with Draft A (2013-01-30) of eRAN6.0, Issue 01 (2013-04-28) of eRAN6.0 includes


the following changes.

Change Type Change Description Parameter Change

Feature change Modified the target cell selection None


mechanism of load-based CSFB to
UTRAN. For details, see 4.6 Load-
based CSFB.

Editorial change Added engineering guidelines for None


E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS
Steering. For details, see 7.7
LOFD-001078 E-UTRAN to
UTRAN CS/PS Steering.

Draft A (2013-01-30)
This is a draft for eRAN6.0.

Compared with Issue 05 (2012-12-29) of eRAN3.0, Draft A (2013-01-30) of eRAN6.0 includes


the following changes.

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 1 About This Document

Change Type Change Description Parameter Change

Feature change Added the following features: Added the following parameters:
l LOFD-001088 CS Fallback l CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.
Flexible Steering to UTRAN IdleCsfbHighestPri
For details, see 4.5 CSFB l CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.
Flexible Steering. IdleCsfbSecondPri
l LOFD-001089 CS Fallback l CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.
Flexible Steering to GERAN IdleCsfbLowestPri
For details, see 4.5 CSFB
Flexible Steering. l CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.
InterRatHighestPri
l CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.
InterRatSecondPri
l CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.
InterRatLowestPri
l CSFallBackPolicyCfg.
IdleModeCsfbHoPolicyCfg
l CSFallBackPolicyCfg.
CsfbHoPolicyCfg
l UtranNFreq.
CsPsMixedPriority
l InterRatHoComm.
CellInfoMaxUtranCellNum
l InterRatHoComm.
CellInfoMaxGeranCellNum
Added the UtranCsfbSteer-
ingSwitch and
GeranCsfbSteeringSwitch
options to the
ENodeBAlgoSwitch.HoAlgoS
witchparameter.

Added adaptive blind handover Added the


for CSFB. CSFallBackHo.BlindHoA1ThdR
srp parameter.
Added the CsfbAdaptiveBlind-
HoSwitch option to the
ENodeBAlgoSwitch.HoAlgoSwit
ch parameter.

Editorial change Deleted the description of Deleted parameters related to


LOFD-001035 CS Fallback to LOFD-001035 CS Fallback to
CDMA2000 1xRTT. CDMA2000 1xRTT.
The description is now available
in LTE-CDMA2000 CS Service
Interworking Feature Parameter
Description.

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 2 Overview

2 Overview

This chapter describes the network architectures for CSFB to UTRAN/GERAN and the function
of each network element (NE).

In an early phase of EPS construction, operators who own a mature UTRAN or GERAN can
protect their investments in legacy CS networks and reduce their investments in the EPS by
using legacy CS networks to provide CS services and using the EPS to provide PS services.
From a technological perspective, CSFB and VoIP over IMS are the two standard solutions to
provide CS services for E-UTRAN UEs. After the technological maturity, industry chain, and
deployment costs of the two methods are well weighed, CSFB is chosen to serve as an interim
solution for CS service access before mature commercial use of IMS.

NOTE

l EPS: evolved packet system


l CS: circuit switched
l PS: packet switched
l VoIP: voice over IP
l IMS: IP multimedia subsystem
l UE: user equipment

CSFB enables E-UTRAN UEs to fall back to CS networks to receive CS services, which helps
operators better utilize legacy CS networks. Examples of CS services include voice services and
location services (LCS). CSFB is a session setup procedure. UEs fall back to CS networks before
CS sessions are set up, and they always stay in the CS networks during the CS sessions.

CSFB applies to scenarios in which the coverage area of the UTRAN/GERAN is the same as or
includes that of the E-UTRAN. It requires a simpler network architecture compared with VoIP
over IMS.

To implement CSFB, all mobile switching centers (MSCs) that serve overlapping areas with the
E-UTRAN coverage must be upgraded to support functions involving the SGs interface. The
SGs interface is between an MSC and a mobility management entity (MME). Functions
involving the SGs interface include combined attach, combined TAU/LAU (TAU is short for
tracking area update, and LAU is short for location area update), paging, and short message
service (SMS). If an MSC pool is used in the legacy CS network, the upgrade of one or several
MSCs in the pool is sufficient.

Table 2-1 lists the optional features described in this document and the corresponding chapters
describing related principles and algorithms.

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 2 Overview

Table 2-1 Optional features related to CSFB and corresponding chapters


Feature Its Basic Principles Are Its Algorithm Details Are
Described in... Described in...

LOFD-001033 CS Fallback 3.1 CSFB to UTRAN l 4.1 Basic Functions


to UTRAN l 4.6 Load-based CSFB
l 4.7 CSFB Exception
Handling

LOFD-001034 CS Fallback 3.2 CSFB to GERAN l 4.1 Basic Functions


to GERAN l 4.7 CSFB Exception
Handling

LOFD-001052 Flash CS l 3.1 CSFB to UTRAN 4.2 Flash CSFB


Fallback to UTRAN l 3.1.6 RAN Information
Management Procedure

LOFD-001053 Flash CS l 3.2 CSFB to GERAN 4.2 Flash CSFB


Fallback to GERAN l 3.2.6 RAN Information
Management Procedure

LOFD-001068 CS Fallback 3.1 CSFB to UTRAN 4.3 CSFB with LAI


with LAI to UTRAN

LOFD-001069 CS Fallback 3.2 CSFB to GERAN 4.3 CSFB with LAI


with LAI to GERAN

LOFD-001078 E-UTRAN to 3.1 CSFB to UTRAN 4.4 E-UTRAN to UTRAN


UTRAN CS/PS Steering CS/PS Steering

LOFD-001088 CS Fallback 3.1 CSFB to UTRAN 4.5 CSFB Flexible Steering


Steering to UTRAN

LOFD-001089 CS Fallback 3.2 CSFB to GERAN 4.5 CSFB Flexible Steering


Steering to GERAN

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 2 Overview

2.1 Introduction
As specified in 3GPP TS 23.272 V8.5.0, CSFB is a solution that enables a UE to register with
both an EPS network and a legacy CS network. When such a UE initiates a voice service, the
EPS network instructs the UE to fall back to the legacy CS network before the UE performs the
service.
When a UE sends or receives an SMS message, the message is transmitted between the EPS
network and the legacy CS network without requiring CSFB. This is achieved by SMS over
SGs.

2.2 Benefits
CSFB brings the following benefits:
l Facilitates voice services for the LTE network.
l Facilitates SMS and LCS services for the LTE network.
l Helps operators reduce costs by reusing legacy CS networks and not requiring IMS network
deployment.

2.3 Architecture
To implement CSFB to UTRAN/GERAN, an SGs interface is required between the MME and
the MSC server. Figure 2-1 shows the network architecture for CSFB to UTRAN/GERAN.

Figure 2-1 Network architecture for CSFB to UTRAN/GERAN

SGSN: serving GPRS support node

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 2 Overview

After a UE is powered on in the E-UTRAN shown in Figure 2-1, it initiates a combined EPS/
IMSI attach procedure. Then, the MME performs a UE location update over the SGs interface
so that the UMTS or GSM core network learns about the UE location.
If a UE is camping on an E-UTRAN cell, it periodically initiates a combined TAU/LAU
procedure, which allows simultaneous UE location updates both in the MME and in the UMTS
or GSM core network.
The combined EPS/IMSI attach and combined TAU/LAU procedures are performed by
exchanging non-access stratum (NAS) messages. Therefore, they are transparent to the E-
UTRAN (the E-UTRAN is unaware of them). When a mobile-originated or mobile-terminated
CS service is initiated, the E-UTRAN works with other elements in the networks to perform
CSFB.
Table 2-2 describes the elements of the network architecture for CSFB to UTRAN/GERAN.

Table 2-2 Elements of the network architecture for CSFB to UTRAN/GERAN


Element Function

SGs interface l Is an interface between the MME and the MSC server.
l Assists mobility management and paging between the EPS and the CS
network.
l Transmits SMS messages.
l Transmits messages related to combined attach and combined TAU/
LAU.

UE l Is capable of accessing the EPS and accessing the UTRAN, GERAN, or


both.
l Supports combined EPS/IMSI attach, combined EPS/IMSI detach, and
combined TAU/LAU.
l Supports CSFB mechanisms, such as PS redirection and PS handover.
NOTE
l IMSI is short for international mobile subscriber identity.
l CSFB-capable UEs must support SMS over SGs, but UEs that support SMS over
SGs are not necessarily CSFB-capable.

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 2 Overview

Element Function

MME l Supports the SGs interface to the MSC.


l Selects the location area identity (LAI) based on the tracking area identity
(TAI) of the serving cell.
l Forwards paging messages delivered by the MSC.
l Performs public land mobile network (PLMN) selection and reselection.
l Supports combined EPS/IMSI attach, combined EPS/IMSI detach, and
combined TAU/LAU.
l Routes CS signaling.
l Supports SMS over SGs.
l Supports RIM, which is required when flash CSFB or CCO with NACC
is used as the CSFB mechanism.
NOTE
l CCO: cell change order
l NACC: network assisted cell change
l RIM: RAN information management

MSC l Supports combined EPS/IMSI attach.


l Supports SMS over SGs.
l Forwards paging messages transmitted through the SGs interface.

E-UTRAN l Forwards paging messages related to CSFB.


l Selects target cells for CSFB for E-UTRAN UEs.
l Supports one or more of the following functions:
PS redirection to UTRAN or GERAN, if PS redirection is used as the
CSFB mechanism;
PS handover to UTRAN or GERAN, if PS handover is used as the CSFB
mechanism;
CCO without NACC to GERAN, if CCO without NACC is used as the
CSFB mechanism;
RIM for acquiring the system information of GERAN cells, if NACC is
used as the CSFB mechanism;
RIM for acquiring the system information of UTRAN or GERAN cells,
in addition to PS redirection, if flash CSFB is used as the CSFB
mechanism

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 2 Overview

Element Function

UTRAN/ Supports one or more of the following functions:


GERAN l Incoming handovers from the E-UTRAN, if PS handover is used as the
CSFB mechanism
l RIM for delivering the system information of GERAN cells to eNodeBs,
if NACC is used as the CSFB mechanism
l RIM for delivering the system information of UTRAN or GERAN cells
to eNodeBs, in addition to PS redirection, if flash CSFB is used as the
CSFB mechanism
NOTE
The UTRAN and GERAN do not need to provide extra functions to support PS
redirection. The GERAN does not need to provide extra functions to support CCO
without NACC.

SGSN l Does not activate Idle Mode Signaling Reduction (ISR) during the
combined RAU/LAU procedure initiated by the UE. RAU is short for
routing area update.
l Supports RIM, which is required when flash CSFB or CCO with NACC
is used as the CSFB mechanism.
NOTE
ISR is a mechanism for reducing the inter-RAT cell reselection signaling of a UE in
idle mode. RAT is short for radio access technology. For details about ISR, see Annex
J in 3GPP TS 23.401 V9.2.0.

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 3 End-to-End Procedures for CSFB

3 End-to-End Procedures for CSFB

This chapter describes the functions that a Huawei eNodeB performs during end-to-end
procedures for CSFB, including the following:
l Combined EPS/IMSI attach
l CSFB procedure for mobile-originated calls
l CSFB procedure for mobile-terminated calls
l CSFB procedure for SMS
l CSFB procedure for emergency calls
l CSFB procedure for LCS
Regarding the capabilities of UEs and networks, Huawei provides the following mechanisms
for eNodeBs to perform CSFB to UTRAN or GERAN for mobile-originated calls and mobile-
terminated calls:
l PS redirection
l PS handover
l CCO with or without NACC (CCO/NACC)

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 3 End-to-End Procedures for CSFB

3.1 CSFB to UTRAN


For engineering guidelines, see 7.1 LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to UTRAN.

3.1.1 Combined EPS/IMSI Attach Procedure


The combined EPS/IMSI attach procedure is performed by exchanging NAS messages.
Therefore, this procedure is transparent to the eNodeBs. After a CSFB-capable UE is powered
on in the E-UTRAN, the UE initiates a combined EPS/IMSI attach procedure, as shown in
Figure 3-1.

Figure 3-1 Combined EPS/IMSI attach procedure

HSS: home subscriber server VLR: visitor location register

NOTE

The symbols that appear in signaling procedure figures throughout this document are explained as follows:
l An arrow denotes the transmission of a message.
l A plain box denotes a mandatory procedure.
l A dashed box denotes an optional procedure.

The combined EPS/IMSI attach procedure is described as follows:

1. The UE sends a Combined attach request message to the MME, requesting a combined
EPS/IMSI attach procedure. This message also indicates whether the CSFB or SMS over
SGs function is required.

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 3 End-to-End Procedures for CSFB

2. The EPS attach procedure is performed in the same way as it is performed within the LTE
system. For details, see section 5.3.2 in 3GPP TS 23.401 V9.2.0.
3. The MME allocates an LAI to the UE, and then it finds the MSC/VLR for the UE based
on the LAI. If multiple PLMNs are available for the CS domain, the MME selects a PLMN
based on the selected PLMN information reported by the eNodeB. Then, the MME sends
the MSC/VLR a Location update request message, which contains the new LAI, IMSI,
MME name, and location update type.
4. The MSC/VLR performs the location update procedure in the CS domain.
5. The MSC/VLR responds with a Location update accept message that contains information
about the VLR and temporary mobile subscriber identity (TMSI). The location update
procedure is successful.
6. The UE is informed that the combined EPS/IMSI attach procedure is successful. If the
network supports SMS over SGs but not CSFB, the message transmitted to the UE contains
the information element (IE) SMS-only. The message indicates that the combined EPS/
IMSI attach procedure is successful but only SMS is supported.

3.1.2 CSFB Procedures for Mobile-originated Calls and Mobile-


terminated Calls
Based on the capabilities of UEs and networks, the following mechanisms are available for an
eNodeB to perform CSFB to UTRAN:
l CSFB based on PS handover
l CSFB based on PS redirection
l Flash CSFB
Table 3-1 lists the advantages and disadvantages of the preceding mechanisms in terms of
impacts on the UEs, impacts on the networks, CS service access delay, and PS service
interruption time. The preceding mechanisms can be based on the measurement or blind mode,
and they are compared here based on the same mode.

Table 3-1 Comparison of fallback mechanisms for CSFB to UTRAN


Fallback Impact on the Impact on the CS Service PS Service
Mechanism Networks UEs Access Delay Interruption
Time

CSFB based on Complex Complex Short Short


PS handover

CSFB based on Simple Simple Long Long


PS redirection

Flash CSFB Medium Medium Short Medium

CSFB Based on PS Handover


During CSFB based on PS handover, the UE is transferred from the E-UTRAN to the UTRAN
by performing a PS handover. It then initiates a CS service in the UTRAN.
CSFB Procedure for Mobile-originated Calls

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This section describes the procedure for CSFB to UTRAN based on PS handover for mobile-
originated calls, as shown in Figure 3-2.

Figure 3-2 CSFB to UTRAN based on PS handover for mobile-originated calls

RNC: radio network controller

The procedure is described as follows:


1. The UE sends the MME a NAS message Extended service request to initiate a CS service.
2. The MME sends an S1-AP message to instruct the eNodeB to initiate a CSFB procedure.
If the MME supports the LAI-related feature, the MME also delivers the LAI to the eNodeB.
3. The eNodeB determines whether to perform a blind handover based on the UE capabilities,
parameters settings, and algorithm policies. For details, see Choosing Between a Blind
Handover and a Measurement-based Handover.
4. The eNodeB initiates the preparation phase for a PS handover. If the preparation is
successful, the eNodeB instructs the UE to perform a handover.
NOTE

The eNodeB selects a fallback mechanism and a target cell using the CSFB algorithm. For details,
see chapter 4 CSFB at the eNodeB.
5. After the handover, the UE may initiate a CS call establishment procedure with an LAU
or combined RAU/LAU procedure in the UTRAN.
6. The follow-up procedures are performed for the PS handover. These procedures include
data forwarding, path switching, and RAU. This step is performed together with step 5.

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NOTE

For details about the PS handover procedure, see Mobility Management in Connected Mode Feature
Parameter Description and section 5.5.2 in 3GPP TS 23.401 V9.2.0.

CSFB Procedure for Mobile-terminated Calls


This section describes the procedure for CSFB to UTRAN based on PS handover for mobile-
terminated calls, as shown in Figure 3-3.

Figure 3-3 CSFB to UTRAN based on PS handover for mobile-terminated calls

The procedure is described as follows:


1. The MSC sends a Paging request message from the CS domain to the MME over the SGs
interface. Then, either of the following occurs:
l If the UE is in idle mode, the MME sends a Paging message to the eNodeB. Then the
eNodeB sends a Paging message over the Uu interface to inform the UE of an incoming
call from the CS domain.
l If the UE is in active mode, the MME sends the UE a NAS message to inform the UE
of an incoming call from the CS domain.
2. The UE sends an Extended service request message containing a CS Fallback Indicator
after receiving the paging message from the CS domain.
3. The MME instructs the eNodeB over the S1 interface to perform CSFB.
4. The subsequent steps are similar to steps 3 through 6 in the procedure for CSFB to UTRAN
based on PS handover for mobile-originated calls. The only difference is that the UE sends
a Paging Response message from the UTRAN cell.

CSFB Based on PS Redirection


During CSFB based on PS redirection, the eNodeB receives a CS Fallback Indicator, and then
it sends an RRC Connection Release message to release the UE. The message contains
information about a target UTRAN frequency, reducing the time for the UE to search for a target

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network. After selecting the UTRAN, the UE acquires the system information of a UTRAN cell.
Then, the UE performs initial access to the cell to initiate a CS service. For the UTRAN, the UE
is an initially accessing user.

CSFB Procedure for Mobile-originated Calls

This section describes the procedure for CSFB to UTRAN based on PS redirection for mobile-
originated calls, as shown in 3.1.2 CSFB Procedures for Mobile-originated Calls and Mobile-
terminated Calls.

Figure 3-4 CSFB to UTRAN based on PS redirection for mobile-originated calls

The procedure is described as follows:

1. The UE sends the MME a NAS message Extended service request to initiate a CS service.
2. The MME sends an S1-AP message to instruct the eNodeB to initiate a CSFB procedure.
If the MME supports the LAI-related feature, the MME also delivers the LAI to the eNodeB.
3. The eNodeB determines whether to perform a blind handover based on the UE capabilities,
parameters settings, and algorithm policies. For details, see section Choosing Between a
Blind Handover and a Measurement-based Handover.
4. The eNodeB sends an RRC connection release message to instruct the UE to perform a
redirection. The message contains information about a target UTRAN frequency. Then, the
eNodeB initiates an S1 UE context release procedure.
NOTE

The eNodeB selects a fallback mechanism and a target cell using the CSFB algorithm. For details,
see chapter 4 CSFB at the eNodeB.

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5. The UE may initiate an LAU, a combined RAU/LAU, or both an RAU and an LAU in the
target cell.
6. The UE initiates a CS call establishment procedure in the target UTRAN cell.

CSFB Procedure for Mobile-terminated Calls

In a mobile-terminated call, the MSC sends a Paging Request message from the CS domain to
the MME over the SGs interface. Then, the MME or the eNodeB initiates a paging procedure
for the UE, as shown in Figure 3-3. The subsequent steps are the same as the steps in the
procedure for CSFB to UTRAN based on PS redirection for mobile-originated calls.

Flash CSFB
During the flash CSFB procedure, the eNodeB receives a CS Fallback Indicator, and then it
sends an RRC Connection Release message to release the UE. The message contains information
about a target UTRAN frequency, as well as one or more physical cell identities and their
associated system information. In this way, the UE can quickly access the target UTRAN without
the need to perform the procedure for acquiring system information of the target UTRAN cell.
Then, the UE can directly initiate a CS service in the UTRAN cell.

NOTE

Because flash CSFB complies with 3GPP Release 9, the networks and UEs involved must support 3GPP
Release 9 or later.

CSFB Procedure for Mobile-originated Calls

This section describes the procedure for flash CSFB to UTRAN for mobile-originated calls, as
shown in Figure 3-5.

Figure 3-5 Flash CSFB to UTRAN for mobile-originated calls

The procedure is described as follows:

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1. The UE sends the MME a NAS message Extended service request to initiate a CS service.
2. The MME sends an S1-AP message to instruct the eNodeB to initiate a CSFB procedure.
If the MME supports the LAI-related feature, the MME also delivers the LAI to the eNodeB.
3. The eNodeB determines whether to perform a blind handover based on the UE capabilities,
parameters settings, and algorithm policies. For details, see section Choosing Between a
Blind Handover and a Measurement-based Handover.
4. The eNodeB sends an RRC connection release message to instruct the UE to perform a
redirection. The message contains information about a target UTRAN frequency, as well
as one or more physical cell identities and their associated system information. Then, the
eNodeB initiates an S1 UE context release procedure.
NOTE

The eNodeB selects a fallback mechanism and a target cell using the CSFB algorithm. For details,
see chapter 4 CSFB at the eNodeB.
The system information of the target cell is acquired during the RIM procedure. For details, see
section 3.1.6 RAN Information Management Procedure.
5. The UE may initiate an LAU, a combined RAU/LAU, or both an RAU and an LAU in the
target cell.
6. The UE initiates a CS call establishment procedure in the target UTRAN cell.

CSFB Procedure for Mobile-terminated Calls

In a mobile-terminated call, the MSC sends a Paging Request message from the CS domain to
the MME over the SGs interface. Then, the MME or the eNodeB initiates a paging procedure
for the UE, as shown in Figure 3-3. The subsequent steps are the same as the steps in the
procedure for flash CSFB to UTRAN for mobile-originated calls.

3.1.3 CSFB Procedure for SMS


SMS services are unknown to the eNodeB because SMS messages are encapsulated in NAS
messages. During interworking with the UTRAN, SMS messages are exchanged between the
MME and the MSC over the SGs interface. Because a UE does not require fallback to the
UTRAN to perform an SMS service, the SMS over SGs function can be used in a place covered
only by the E-UTRAN.

As the SMS service is transparent to the eNodeB, the procedure is not described in this document.
For details about the procedure, see section 8.2 in 3GPP TS 23.272 V10.0.0.

3.1.4 CSFB Procedure for Emergency Calls


The CSFB procedure for an emergency call is the same as the CSFB procedure for a normal
mobile-originated voice service. The UE sends an RRC Connection Request message over the
Uu interface or the MME sends an Initial Context Setup Request or UE Context Modification
Request message, which contains an IE to inform the eNodeB of the service type. Emergency
calls take precedence over other services in the eNodeB.

If PS handover is used for CSFB for emergency calls, the eNodeB does not restrict the cells in
the handover restriction list when selecting the target cell. The eNodeB sends the RNC a
handover request with the IE CSFB high priority in the IE Source to Target Transparent
Container. This request informs the RNC that a CSFB procedure is required for an emergency
call. Upon receiving the information, the RNC preferentially processes this call when using
related algorithms such as admission control.

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If redirection is used for CSFB for emergency calls, the RRC Connection Request message that
the UE sends when accessing the UTRAN contains the indication of an emergency call. The
UTRAN will treat this call as a common CS emergency call.
For details about admission and preemption of emergency calls, see Emergency Call Feature
Parameter Description.

3.1.5 CSFB Procedure for LCS


After a UE initiates an LCS request, the MME performs an attach or combined TAU/LAU
procedure to inform the UE of the LCS capability of the EPS. If the EPS does not support LCS,
the UE falls back to the UTRAN to initiate LCS under the control of the EPS. The CSFB
procedure is the same as the procedure for CSFB to UTRAN for mobile-originated calls.
If the UTRAN initiates an LCS request towards a UE camping on an E-UTRAN cell, the MSC
sends an LCS indicator to the MME over the SGs interface. Then, the MME instructs the eNodeB
to perform CSFB for the UE. The CSFB procedure is the same as the procedure for CSFB to
UTRAN for mobile-terminated calls. The UE performs the LCS service after the fallback to the
UTRAN.
For details about the CSFB procedure for LCS, see section 8.3 in 3GPP TS 23.272 V10.0.0 and
LCS Feature Parameter Description.

3.1.6 RAN Information Management Procedure


The RIM procedure, as shown in Figure 3-6, exchanges information between E-UTRAN and
GERAN/UTRAN through the core networks. The procedure involves the eNodeB, MME,
SGSN, and RNC/base station controller (BSC). Among these NEs, the MME and the SGSN
transfer but do not resolve information.

Figure 3-6 RIM procedure

The RIM procedure supports two information exchange modes: Single Report and Multiple
Report. In Single Report mode, the source sends a request, and then the target responds with a
single report. In Multiple Report mode, the target responds with a report after receiving a request
from the source, and it also sends a report to the source each time the system information changes.
For details, see section 8c in 3GPP TS 48.018.
The Huawei eNodeB supports the two information exchange modes, and it acquires the system
information of UTRAN cells during the RIM procedure. The Multiple Report mode is enabled
or disabled by setting the ENodeBAlgoSwitch.RimSwitch parameter, while the Single Report
mode is not configurable. The RIM procedure and parameter settings are described as follows:
l If UTRAN_RIM_SWITCH under the ENodeBAlgoSwitch.RimSwitch parameter is
turned on, the RIM procedure in Multiple Report mode is performed as follows: After an

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external UTRAN cell corresponding to the neighboring UTRAN cell is configured, the
eNodeB sends a request for system information to the neighboring UTRAN cell. If the
neighboring UTRAN cell supports Multiple Report mode, after the neighboring UTRAN
cell receives the request or the system information changes, this cell sends the system
information to the eNodeB.
NOTE

The multiple report RIM procedure can be triggered only when the MME supports 3GPP Release 9
or later. Whether an RIM procedure in Multiple Report mode can be triggered is based on the settings
of the RIM switch and external UTRAN cells. For example, the RIM procedure cannot be triggered
if the RIM switch is turned on but no external UTRAN cell is configured. If an external UTRAN cell
has been configured, an RIM procedure is triggered each time the RIM switch is turned on.
l If flash CSFB to UTRAN is enabled and UTRAN_RIM_SWITCH under the
ENodeBAlgoSwitch.RimSwitch parameter is turned off, the eNodeB obtains the system
information of the neighboring UTRAN cells by performing an RIM procedure in Single
Report mode.

3.2 CSFB to GERAN


For engineering guidelines, see section 7.2 LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to GERAN.

3.2.1 Combined EPS/IMSI Attach Procedure


The combined EPS/IMSI attach procedure for CSFB to GERAN is the same as that for CSFB
to UTRAN. For details, see section 3.1.1 Combined EPS/IMSI Attach Procedure.

3.2.2 CSFB Procedures for Mobile-originated Calls and Mobile-


terminated Calls
Based on the capabilities of UEs and networks, the following mechanisms are available for an
eNodeB to perform CSFB to GERAN:

l CSFB based on PS redirection


l CSFB based on PS handover
l CSFB based on CCO/NACC
l Flash CSFB

Table 3-2 lists the advantages and disadvantages of the preceding mechanisms in terms of
impacts on the UEs, impacts on the networks, CS service access delay, and PS service
interruption time.

Table 3-2 Comparison of fallback mechanisms for CSFB to GERAN

Fallback Impact on the Impact on the CS Service PS Service


Mechanism Networks UEs Access Delay Interruption
Time

CSFB based on Simple Simple Long Long


PS redirection

CSFB based on Complex Complex Short Short


PS handover

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Fallback Impact on the Impact on the CS Service PS Service


Mechanism Networks UEs Access Delay Interruption
Time

CSFB based on Medium Medium Medium Medium


CCO/NACC

Flash CSFB Medium Medium Short Medium

CSFB Based on PS Redirection


During CSFB based on PS redirection, the eNodeB receives a CS Fallback Indicator, and then
it sends an RRC Connection Release message to release the UE. The message contains
information about a target GERAN carrier frequency group, reducing the time for the UE to
search for a target network. After selecting the GERAN, the UE acquires the system information
of a GERAN cell. Then, the UE performs initial access to the cell to initiate a CS service. For
the GERAN, the UE is a user that initially accesses the network.
CSFB Procedure for Mobile-originated Calls
This section describes the procedure for CSFB to GERAN based on PS redirection for mobile-
originated calls, as shown in Figure 3-7.

Figure 3-7 CSFB to GERAN based on PS redirection for mobile-originated calls

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The procedure is described as follows:


1. The UE sends the MME a NAS message Extended Service Request to initiate a CS service.
2. The MME sends an S1-AP message to instruct the eNodeB to initiate a CSFB procedure.
If the MME supports the LAI-related feature, the MME also delivers the LAI to the eNodeB.
3. The eNodeB determines whether to perform a blind handover based on the UE capabilities,
parameters settings, and algorithm policies. For details, see section Choosing Between a
Blind Handover and a Measurement-based Handover.
4. The eNodeB sends an RRC Connection Release message to instruct the UE to perform a
redirection. The message contains information about a target GERAN carrier frequency
group. Then, the eNodeB initiates an S1 UE context release procedure.
NOTE

The eNodeB selects a fallback mechanism and a target cell using the CSFB algorithm. For details,
see chapter 4 CSFB at the eNodeB.
5. The UE may initiate an LAU, a combined RAU/LAU, or both an RAU and an LAU in the
target cell.
6. If the UE or GERAN does not support dual transfer mode (DTM), in which CS and PS
services run simultaneously, the ongoing PS services of the UE are suspended.
7. The UE initiates a CS call establishment procedure in the target GERAN cell.
CSFB Procedure for Mobile-terminated Calls
In a mobile-terminated call, the MSC sends a Paging Request message from the CS domain to
the MME over the SGs interface. Then, the MME or the eNodeB initiates a paging procedure
for the UE, as shown in 3.1.2 CSFB Procedures for Mobile-originated Calls and Mobile-
terminated Calls. The subsequent steps are the same as the steps in the procedure for CSFB to
GERAN based on PS redirection for mobile-originated calls.

CSFB Based on PS Handover


During CSFB based on PS handover, the UE is transferred from the E-UTRAN to the GERAN
by performing a PS handover. It then initiates a CS service in the GERAN. If the GERAN or
some GERAN-supporting UEs do not support DTM, the ongoing PS services must be suspended
before the CS services can be established.
CSFB Procedure for Mobile-originated Calls
This section describes the procedure for CSFB to GERAN based on PS handover for mobile-
originated calls, as shown in Figure 3-8.

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Figure 3-8 CSFB to GERAN based on PS handover for mobile-originated calls

The procedure is described as follows:


1. The UE sends the MME a NAS message Extended Service Request to initiate a CS service.
2. The MME sends an S1-AP message to instruct the eNodeB to initiate a CSFB procedure.
If the MME supports the LAI-related feature, the MME also delivers the LAI to the eNodeB.
3. The eNodeB determines whether to perform a blind handover based on the UE capabilities,
parameters settings, and algorithm policies. For details, see section Choosing Between a
Blind Handover and a Measurement-based Handover.
4. The eNodeB initiates the preparation phase for a PS handover. If the preparation is
successful, the eNodeB instructs the UE to perform a handover.
If DTM is not supported by the UE or GERAN, the ongoing PS services of the UE are
suspended. Meanwhile, the SGSN updates the bearers towards the S-GW/P-GW.

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NOTE

The eNodeB selects a fallback mechanism and a target cell using the CSFB algorithm. For details,
see chapter 4 CSFB at the eNodeB.
5. After the handover, the UE may initiate a CS call establishment procedure with an LAU
or combined RAU/LAU procedure in the GERAN.
6. The follow-up procedures are performed for the PS handover. These procedures include
data forwarding, path switching, and RAU. This step is performed together with step 5.
CSFB Procedure for Mobile-terminated Calls
In a mobile-terminated call, the MSC sends a Paging Request message from the CS domain to
the MME over the SGs interface. Then, the MME or the eNodeB initiates a paging procedure
for the UE, as shown in Figure 3-3. The subsequent steps are the same as the steps in the
procedure for CSFB to GERAN based on PS handover for mobile-originated calls.

CSFB Based on CCO/NACC


During CSFB based on CCO/NACC, the eNodeB receives a CS Fallback Indicator from the
MME, and then it sends a Mobility From EUTRA Command message to the UE over the Uu
interface. The message contains information about the operating frequency, ID, and system
information of a target GERAN cell. The UE searches for a target cell based on the information
it received, and then it performs initial access to the cell to initiate a CS service. If the GERAN
or UEs do not support DTM, the ongoing PS services must be suspended before the CS services
can be established.
CSFB Procedure for Mobile-originated Calls
This section describes the procedure for CSFB to GERAN based on CCO/NACC for mobile-
originated calls, as shown in Figure 3-9.

Figure 3-9 CSFB to GERAN based on CCO/NACC for mobile-originated calls

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The procedure is described as follows:

1. The UE sends the MME a NAS message Extended service request to initiate a CS service.
2. The MME sends an S1-AP message to instruct the eNodeB to initiate a CSFB procedure.
If the MME supports the LAI-related feature, the MME also delivers the LAI to the eNodeB.
3. The eNodeB determines whether to perform a blind handover based on the UE capabilities,
parameters settings, and algorithm policies. For details, see section Choosing Between a
Blind Handover and a Measurement-based Handover.
4. The eNodeB sends a Mobility From EUTRA Command message over the Uu interface to
indicate the operating frequency and ID of the target GERAN cell. If the source cell has
the system information of the target cell, the system information is also carried in the
message.
NOTE

The eNodeB selects a fallback mechanism and a target cell using the CSFB algorithm. For details,
see chapter 4 CSFB at the eNodeB.
The system information of the target cell is acquired during the RIM procedure. For details, see
section 3.1.6 RAN Information Management Procedure.
5. The UE initiates an LAU, a combined RAU/LAU, or both an RAU and an LAU in the target
cell.
6. If DTM is not supported by the UE or GERAN, the ongoing PS services of the UE are
suspended.
7. The UE initiates a CS call establishment procedure in the target GERAN cell.
8. The MME initiates an S1 UE context release procedure.

CSFB Procedure for Mobile-terminated Calls

In a mobile-terminated call, the MSC sends a Paging Request message from the CS domain to
the MME over the SGs interface. Then, the MME or the eNodeB initiates a paging procedure
for the UE, as shown in Figure 3-3. The subsequent steps are the same as the steps in the
procedure for CSFB to GERAN based on CCO/NACC for mobile-originated calls.

Flash CSFB
During the flash CSFB procedure, the eNodeB receives a CS Fallback Indicator, and then it
sends an RRC Connection Release message to release the UE. The message contains information
about a target GERAN carrier frequency group, as well as one or more physical cell identities
and their associated system information. The UE searches for a target cell based on the
information it received, and then it performs initial access to the cell to initiate a CS service. If
the GERAN or some GERAN-supporting UEs do not support DTM, the ongoing PS services
must be suspended before the CS services can be established.

NOTE

Because flash CSFB complies with 3GPP Release 9, the networks and UEs involved must support 3GPP
Release 9 or later.

CSFB Procedure for Mobile-originated Calls

This section describes the procedure for flash CSFB to GERAN for mobile-originated calls, as
shown in Figure 3-10.

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Figure 3-10 Flash CSFB to GERAN for mobile-originated calls

The procedure is described as follows:

1. The UE sends the MME a NAS message Extended Service Request to initiate a CS service.
2. The MME sends an S1-AP message to instruct the eNodeB to initiate a CSFB procedure.
If the MME supports the LAI-related feature, the MME also delivers the LAI to the eNodeB.
3. The eNodeB determines whether to perform a blind handover based on the UE capabilities,
parameters settings, and algorithm policies. For details, see section Choosing Between a
Blind Handover and a Measurement-based Handover.
4. The eNodeB sends an RRC Connection Release message to instruct the UE to perform a
redirection. The message contains information about a target GERAN carrier frequency
group, as well as one or more physical cell identities and their associated system
information. Then, the eNodeB initiates an S1 UE context release procedure.
NOTE

The eNodeB selects a fallback mechanism and a target cell using the CSFB algorithm. For details,
see chapter 4 CSFB at the eNodeB.
The system information of the target cell is acquired during the RIM procedure. For details, see
section 3.1.6 RAN Information Management Procedure.
5. The UE initiates an LAU, a combined RAU/LAU, or both an RAU and an LAU in the target
cell.

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6. If DTM is not supported by the UE or GERAN, the ongoing PS services of the UE are
suspended.
7. The UE initiates a CS call establishment procedure in the target GERAN cell.

CSFB Procedure for Mobile-terminated Calls

In a mobile-terminated call, the MSC sends a Paging Request message from the CS domain to
the MME over the SGs interface. Then, the MME or the eNodeB initiates a paging procedure
for the UE, as shown in Figure 3-3. The subsequent steps are the same as the steps in the
procedure for flash CSFB to GERAN for mobile-originated calls.

3.2.3 CSFB Procedure for SMS


SMS services are unknown to the eNodeB because SMS messages are encapsulated in NAS
messages. During interworking with the GERAN, SMS messages are exchanged between the
MME and the MSC over the SGs interface. Because a UE does not require fallback to the
GERAN to perform an SMS service, the SMS over SGs function can be used in a place covered
only by the E-UTRAN.

As the SMS service is transparent to the eNodeB, the procedure is not described in this document.
For details about the procedure, see section 8.2 in 3GPP TS 23.272 V10.0.0.

3.2.4 CSFB Procedure for Emergency Calls


The CSFB procedure for an emergency call is the same as the CSFB procedure for a normal
mobile-originated voice service. The UE sends an RRC Connection Request message over the
Uu interface or the MME sends an Initial Context Setup Request or UE Context Modification
Request message, which contains an IE to inform the eNodeB of the service type. Emergency
calls take precedence over other services in the eNodeB.

If PS handover is used for CSFB for emergency calls, the eNodeB does not restrict the cells in
the handover restriction list when selecting the target cell.

If redirection is used for CSFB for emergency calls, the Channel Request message that the UE
sends when accessing the GERAN contains the indication of an emergency call. The GERAN
will treat this call as a common CS emergency call.

For details about admission and preemption of emergency calls, see Emergency Call Feature
Parameter Description.

3.2.5 CSFB Procedure for LCS


After a UE initiates an LCS request, the MME performs an attach or combined TAU/LAU
procedure to inform the UE of the LCS capability of the EPS. If the EPS does not support LCS,
the UE falls back to the GERAN to initiate LCS under the control of the EPS. The CSFB
procedure is the same as the procedure for CSFB to GERAN for mobile-originated calls.

If the GERAN initiates an LCS request towards a UE camping on an E-UTRAN cell, the MSC
sends an LCS indicator to the MME over the SGs interface. Then, the MME instructs the eNodeB
to perform CSFB for the UE. The CSFB procedure is the same as the procedure for CSFB to
GERAN for mobile-terminated calls. The UE performs the LCS service after the fallback to the
GERAN.

For details about the CSFB procedure for LCS, see section 8.3 in 3GPP TS 23.272 V10.0.0 and
LCS Feature Parameter Description.

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3.2.6 RAN Information Management Procedure


The RIM procedure for CSFB to GERAN is the same as that for CSFB to UTRAN. For details,
see section 3.1.6 RAN Information Management Procedure.
The Huawei eNodeB supports two information exchange modes, and it acquires the system
information of GERAN cells during the RIM procedure. The Multiple Report mode is enabled
or disabled by setting the ENodeBAlgoSwitch.RimSwitch parameter, while the Single Report
mode is not configurable. The RIM procedure and parameter settings are described as follows:
l If GERAN_RIM_SWITCH under the ENodeBAlgoSwitch.RimSwitch parameter is
turned on, the RIM procedure in Multiple Report mode is performed as follows: After an
external GERAN cell is configured, the eNodeB sends a request for system information to
the neighboring GERAN cell. If the neighboring GERAN cell supports Multiple Report
mode, this cell sends the system information to the eNodeB after the cell receives the request
or the system information changes.
NOTE

The multiple report RIM procedure can be triggered only when the MME supports 3GPP Release 9
or later. Whether an RIM procedure in Multiple Report mode can be triggered is based on the settings
of the RIM switch and external GERAN cells. For example, the RIM procedure cannot be triggered
if the RIM switch is turned on but no external GERAN cell is configured. If an external GERAN cell
has been configured, an RIM procedure is triggered each time the RIM switch is turned on.
l If flash CSFB to GERAN or CCO/NACC is enabled but GERAN_RIM_SWITCH under
the ENodeBAlgoSwitch.RimSwitch parameter is turned off, the eNodeB obtains the
system information of the neighboring GERAN cells by performing the RIM procedure in
Single Report mode when CCO/NACC or PS redirection is used as a mechanism for CSFB.

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4 CSFB at the eNodeB

This chapter describes the CSFB procedure performed by Huawei eNodeB and provides the
setting descriptions for the parameters involved.

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 4 CSFB at the eNodeB

4.1 Basic Functions


This section describes the algorithm principles and parameters related to basic CSFB functions,
which involve the following optional features:
l LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to UTRAN
For engineering guidelines, see section 7.1 LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to UTRAN.
l LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to GERAN
For engineering guidelines, see section 7.2 LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to GERAN.
NOTE

The enhanced CSFB functions described in subsequent sections are based on the CSFB functions described
in this section.

Figure 4-1 shows the CSFB procedure performed by the eNodeB.

Figure 4-1 CSFB procedure performed by the eNodeB

As shown in the figure, the CSFB procedure consists of the following phases:
1. Triggering phase
After receiving a CS Fallback Indicator from the MME, the eNodeB decides whether to
perform CSFB in the form of a blind handover based on the UE capabilities and the setting

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of the blind handover switch on the eNodeB. Compared with measurement-based


handovers, blind handovers have shorter access delays but a lower handover success rate.
2. Measurement phase
The eNodeB delivers the inter-RAT measurement configuration to the UE, and the UE
performs inter-RAT measurements as instructed.
3. Decision phase
The eNodeB evaluates the measurement results and generates a list of candidate cells.
4. Execution phase
The eNodeB executes CSFB to enable the UE to initiate the CS service in the target cell.
NOTE

In this chapter, "handover" is a generic term used to refer to normal handover, CCO/NACC, and
redirection.
CSFB mechanisms include PS redirection, PS handover, and CCO/NACC. No matter which CSFB
mechanism is adopted, both measurement-based handovers and blind handovers are applicable, and
the blind handover switch is specified by BlindHoSwitch under the
ENodeBAlgoSwitch.HoModeSwitch parameter.

4.1.1 Triggering Phase of CSFB

Choosing Between a Blind Handover and a Measurement-based Handover


After a UE initiates a CS service in an E-UTRAN cell, the MME sends the eNodeB an S1-AP
Request message that contains a CS Fallback Indicator, notifying the eNodeB that the UE should
be transferred to the target network. The target networks to which CSFB can be performed are
specified by the ENodeBAlgoSwitch.HoAlgoSwitch parameter.

After receiving the CS Fallback Indicator, the eNodeB checks the blind-handover switch setting
and UE capabilities for each RAT and performs accordingly:

l If the BlindHoSwitch option under the ENodeBAlgoSwitch.HoModeSwitch parameter is


cleared, blind handovers are prohibited. Under this condition, if the UE is capable of
measuring a RAT, the eNodeB delivers the inter-RAT measurement configuration to the
UE, instructing the UE to perform measurements on this RAT.
l If the BlindHoSwitch option under the ENodeBAlgoSwitch.HoModeSwitch parameter is
cleared and the UE is incapable of measuring a RAT, the eNodeB performs CSFB in the
form of a blind redirection.
l If the BlindHoSwitch option under the ENodeBAlgoSwitch.HoModeSwitch parameter is
selected, blind handovers are allowed and the eNodeB directly performs CSFB in the form
of a blind handover.
NOTE

If flash CSFB is enabled and blind handovers are allowed, the principles for choosing between a
blind handover and a measurement-based handover differ from the principles described in this
section. For details, see section 4.2 Flash CSFB.

If the PS handover switch is turned on, it is recommended that the blind handover switch be
turned off to increase the CSFB success rate. The UtranPsHoSwitch and GeranPsHoSwitch
options under the ENodeBAlgoSwitch.HoModeSwitch parameter specify whether to enable PS
handover to UTRAN and GERAN, respectively.

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Selecting Frequencies to Measure or a Target Cell


If the eNodeB chooses a blind handover, it selects a target cell for the handover. If the eNodeB
chooses a measurement-based handover, it selects frequencies to measure for the handover. The
principles for selecting frequencies to measure differ from the principles for selecting a target
cell.
In a blind handover, if CSFB is triggered for an emergency call, an LCS-supporting RAT takes
precedence over a non-LCS-supporting RAT. The eNodeB selects a RAT and cell as follows:
1. The eNodeB selects a RAT with the highest blind-handover priority.
The priorities of RATs used in blind handovers for CSFB are specified by the
CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.InterRatHighestPri,
CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.InterRatSecondPri, and
CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.InterRatLowestPri parameters.
2. The eNodeB selects a cell with the highest blind-handover priority in this RAT.
The blind-handover priority of a neighboring UTRAN or GERAN cell is specified by the
UtranNCell.BlindHoPriority or GeranNcell.BlindHoPriority parameter, respectively.
In a measurement-based handover, the eNodeB selects a UE-supported RAT and frequencies
from the configured neighboring frequencies and neighboring cells, and then delivers the
information in the measurement configuration to the UE. The eNodeB can deliver a maximum
of 3 UTRA absolute radio frequency channel numbers (UARFCNs) or 32 GERAN absolute
radio frequency channel numbers (ARFCNs) at a time.

NOTE

If CSFB with LAI or E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering is enabled, the principles for selecting
frequencies to measure or a target cell differ from the principles described in this section. For details, see
sections 4.3 CSFB with LAI and 4.4 E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering.

4.1.2 Measurement Phase of CSFB


Measurement Configuration
The measurement configuration procedure and measurement gap configuration for CSFB to
UTRAN/GERAN are the same as those for inter-RAT handovers. For details, see Mobility
Management in Connected Mode Feature Parameter Description.

Measurement Reporting
CSFB is triggered by event B1, which is reported in event-triggered periodical reporting mode.
The triggering of event B1 indicates that the signal quality is higher than a specified threshold
in at least one neighboring cell. As defined in section 5.5.4.7 in 3GPP TS 36.331 V10.0.0, the
entering and leaving conditions of event B1 are as follows:
l Entering condition: Mn + Ofn - Hys > Thresh
l Leaving condition: Mn + Ofn + Hys < Thresh
where
l Mn is the measurement result of the neighboring cell.
l Ofn is the frequency-specific offset for the frequency of the neighboring cell. It is contained
in the associated measurement object IE in the measurement configuration.

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l Hys is the hysteresis for event B1. The hysteresis values for CSFB to UTRAN and GERAN
are contained in the measurement configuration.
l Thresh is the threshold for event B1. The values of Thresh are set based on the measurement
quantities for each RAT, as follows:
The received signal code power (RSCP) threshold for CSFB to UTRAN is specified by
CSFallBackHo.CsfbHoUtranB1ThdRscp.
The Ec/No threshold for CSFB to UTRAN is specified by
CSFallBackHo.CsfbHoUtranB1ThdEcn0.
The received signal strength indicator (RSSI) threshold for CSFB to GERAN is
specified by CSFallBackHo.CsfbHoGeranB1Thd.

If the entering condition of event B1 is continuously met during a period known as time-to-
trigger, the UE reports information about the cells that meet the condition to the eNodeB. The
time-to-trigger for event B1 related to CS fallback to UTRAN/GERAN is specified by the
CSFallBackHo.CsfbHoUtranTimeToTrig and CSFallBackHo.CsfbHoGeranTimeToTrig
parameters, respectively.

The following parameters related to event B1 for CSFB are the same as those related to event
B1 for inter-RAT handovers:

l Frequency-specific offset for the frequency of the neighboring cell


l Hysteresis
l Reporting interval
l Maximum number of cells contained in one report
l Number of periodic reports

For details, see Mobility Management in Connected Mode Feature Parameter Description.

4.1.3 Decision Phase of CSFB


In the decision phase of a measurement-based handover for CSFB, the eNodeB checks the
measurement results reported by the UE. Based on the result, the eNodeB determines whether
CSFB is to be initiated and, if so, determines the target cell for the CSFB.

After having received the B1 measurement reports for CSFB, the eNodeB generates a list of
candidate cells for CSFB and selects the cell with the highest signal quality from this list as the
target cell.

NOTE

If CSFB with LAI is enabled, the decision phase of CSFB may be different. For details, see 4.3 CSFB with
LAI.

If load-based CSFB is enabled, the principles for determining CSFB may be different. For details,
see 4.6 Load-based CSFB.

4.1.4 Execution Phase of CSFB


Figure 4-2 and Figure 4-3 show the procedures for executing CSFB to GERAN and UTRAN,
respectively. Parameters in the figures are specified by switches under the
ENodeBAlgoSwitch.HoModeSwitch parameter. The eNodeB selects a CSFB mechanism based
on both the UE capability and mechanism priority.

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Figure 4-2 Procedure for executing CSFB to GERAN

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Figure 4-3 Procedure for executing CSFB to UTRAN

4.2 Flash CSFB


This section describes the algorithm principles and parameters related to flash CSFB, which
involves the following optional features:

l LOFD-001052 Flash CS Fallback to UTRAN


For engineering guidelines, see section 7.3 LOFD-001052 Flash CS Fallback to
UTRAN.
l LOFD-001053 Flash CS Fallback to GERAN
For engineering guidelines, see section 7.4 LOFD-001053 Flash CS Fallback to
GERAN.

Flash CSFB provides a fast CSFB mechanism. It shortens the end-to-end latency and therefore
improves user experience with CS service access. Flash CSFB uses either of the following
methods:

l Blind handover, which eliminates the delay for inter-RAT measurement


l Delivery of target system information to the UE during a redirection, which saves the time
for the UE to obtain target system information after fallback

Flash CSFB requires basic CSFB functions and also has enhanced blind handover and redirection
functions.

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 4 CSFB at the eNodeB

Enhanced Blind Handover


If the BlindHoSwitch option under the ENodeBAlgoSwitch.HoModeSwitch parameter is
selected (indicating that blind handovers are allowed) and the UE is capable of measuring a
RAT, the eNodeB performs a blind handover in one of the following ways:

l If the CsfbAdaptiveBlindHoSwitch option under the


ENodeBAlgoSwitch.HoAlgoSwitch parameter is selected, the eNodeB delivers both the
A1-related and inter-RAT measurement configurations to the UE. (The threshold for event
A1 is specified by the CSFallBackHo.BlindHoA1ThdRsrp parameter. For details about
the inter-RAT measurement configuration, see section 4.1.2 Measurement Phase of
CSFB)
If the UE reports event A1, the eNodeB performs CSFB in the form of a blind handover.
If the UE does not report event A1, the eNodeB continues the measurement-based CSFB
procedure.
l If the CsfbAdaptiveBlindHoSwitch option under the
ENodeBAlgoSwitch.HoAlgoSwitch parameter is cleared, the eNodeB directly performs
CSFB in the form of a blind handover.

Enhanced Redirection
During a redirection procedure, an eNodeB can deliver the system information of a certain
number of cells. The maximum number (indicated by N in this section) is specified by the
InterRatHoComm.CellInfoMaxUtranCellNum parameter for UTRAN cells or the
InterRatHoComm.CellInfoMaxGeranCellNum parameter for GERAN cells.

The eNodeB selects UTRAN or GERAN cells as follows:

l In a blind handover
Among cells that operate on the target UTRAN frequency or GERAN carrier frequency
group, the eNodeB queues candidate cells for the handover in the following sequence: (1)
cells that are assigned blind-handover priorities in descending order; (2) other cells.
l In a measurement-based handover
Among cells that operate on the target UTRAN frequency or GERAN carrier frequency
group, the eNodeB queues candidate cells in the following sequence: (1) neighboring cells
indicated in the measurement report, in descending order of signal strength; (2) other cells.

In either scenario, the eNodeB then filters out cells to which handovers are prohibited and cells
whose system information has not been obtained. If the number of qualified cells in the queue
exceeds N, the eNodeB selects the first N cells. If the number of qualified cells is equal to or
less than N, the eNodeB selects all these cells.

4.3 CSFB with LAI


This section describes the algorithm principles and parameters related to CSFB with LAI, which
involves the following optional features:

l LOFD-001068 CS Fallback with LAI to UTRAN


For engineering guidelines, see section 7.5 LOFD-001068 CS Fallback with LAI to
UTRAN.
l LOFD-001069 CS Fallback with LAI to GERAN

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For engineering guidelines, see section 7.6 LOFD-001069 CS Fallback with LAI to
GERAN.
NOTE

CSFB with LAI is under license control, but not switch control.

CSFB with LAI applies to target network selection in multi-PLMN scenarios or location area
code (LAC) selection in multi-LAC scenarios, as follows:

l In a multi-PLMN or national roaming scenario


An LAI consists of a PLMN ID and a LAC. In the CSFB with LAI function, the PLMN ID
identifies the CS network that the UE has registered with and will return to after fallback.
If the serving E-UTRAN cell has multiple neighboring UTRAN or GERAN cells with
different PLMN IDs or the serving PLMN differs from the target PLMN, the operator can
use CSFB with LAI to achieve fallback to a specified target network.
l In a tracking area (TA) that consists of multiple location areas (LAs)
The eNodeB selects a CSFB target cell with the same LAC as that mapped to the network
to which the UE has attached. An LAU is not required after CSFB, and therefore the CSFB
delay does not increase due to an LAU.

The MME delivers the LAI information to the eNodeB in the IE Registered LAI contained in
an Initial Context Setup Request or UE Context Modification Request message. After receiving
the LAI information, the eNodeB takes the following actions for a handover (in addition to those
described in section 4.1 Basic Functions):

l In a blind handover
The eNodeB checks all inter-RAT neighboring cells of the cell serving the UE and considers
the following three sets of cells (in descending order of priority) based on the LAI:
Set 1: neighboring cells with the same PLMN ID and LAC as those indicated in the LAI
received.
Set 2: neighboring cells with the same PLMN ID as, but different LACs from, those
indicated in the LAI received.
Set 3: neighboring cells located in the serving PLMN of the UE. If the
InterPlmnHoSwitch option under the ENodeBAlgoSwitch.HoAlgoSwitch parameter
is selected, neighboring cells in other PLMNs in the PLMN list are also considered.
The eNodeB selects the CSFB target cell from the set that has the highest priority among
all sets whose criteria apply to at least one cell. If there are multiple neighboring cells
in the highest-priority non-empty set, the eNodeB selects the neighboring cell with the
highest blind-handover priority to be the CSFB target cell. If the three sets are all empty,
the eNodeB delivers the inter-RAT measurement configuration to the UE, and CSFB
will be performed in the form of a measurement-based handover.
l In a measurement-based handover
The eNodeB delivers information about an inter-RAT frequency in the measurement
configuration to the UE if all the following conditions are met:
The PLMN ID of any inter-RAT neighboring cell on this frequency is the same as the
PLMN ID in the LAI received.
The UE supports this RAT.
The UE is capable of measuring this frequency.
After receiving a measurement report from the UE, the eNodeB considers the candidate
cells in sets 1 and 2. The eNodeB sorts cells in each candidate cell list by signal quality and

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selects a target cell from the lists in descending order of signal quality. For details about
sets 1 and 2, see the previous description of a blind handover.
NOTE

If the eNodeB fails to select frequencies and target cells based on the LAI information delivered by the
MME, the eNodeB performs the procedure, as in scenarios where the eNodeB does not receive an LAI,
described in section Selecting Frequencies to Measure or a Target Cell.

4.4 E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering


This section describes the algorithm principles and parameters related to CS steering in the
optional feature LOFD-001078 E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering. This feature is a basis
of LOFD-001088 CS Fallback Steering to UTRAN. For engineering guidelines for
LOFD-001078 E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering, see 7.7 LOFD-001078 E-UTRAN to
UTRAN CS/PS Steering.
LOFD-001078 E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering provides a flexible method to select a
target UTRAN frequency for CSFB. Based on the network plan and load balancing requirements,
operators that have both the E-UTRAN and UTRAN can transfer UEs that are performing CS
or PS services to specified UTRAN frequencies.

Basic Functions
The eNodeB selects a target UTRAN frequency for CSFB based on whether UEs are performing
CS services and on the CS service priorities of UTRAN frequencies. In addition to the principles
described in section 4.1 Basic Functions, the eNodeB adopts the following principles for a blind
handover or a measurement-based handover:
l In a blind handover
If LOFD-001078 E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering is enabled and the
UtranFreqLayerBlindSwitch option under the ENodeBAlgoSwitch.FreqLayerSwtich
parameter is selected, the eNodeB first selects a RAT with the highest blind-handover
priority. If the selected RAT is UTRAN, the eNodeB performs E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS
steering to select a target frequency or cell for the blind handover, following the principles
illustrated in Figure 4-4.

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Figure 4-4 Target frequency/cell selection for a blind handover using E-UTRAN to UTRAN
CS steering

The eNodeB first selects UTRAN frequencies with the highest CS service priority
(specified by the UTRANNFREQ.CsPriority parameter). If there are multiple UE-
supported frequencies with the highest CS service priority, the eNodeB queues candidate
cells on these frequencies in the following sequence: (1) cells with blind-handover priorities
(specified by the UTRANNCELL.BlindHoPriority parameter) in descending order; (2)
cells on frequencies with priorities for RRC_CONNECTED UEs (specified by the
UTRANNFREQ.ConnFreqPriority parameter) in descending order. If there are still
multiple frequencies with the same priority, the eNodeB randomly selects a target frequency
for a blind handover.
If the UE does not support the frequencies with the highest CS service priority, the eNodeB
selects UTRAN frequencies with the second highest CS service priority for evaluation
shown in Figure 4-4.
l In a measurement-based handover
If LOFD-001078 E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering is enabled and the
UtranFreqLayerMeasSwitch option under the ENodeBAlgoSwitch.FreqLayerSwtich

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parameter is selected, the eNodeB selects UTRAN frequencies to measure based on the
following principles:
If the UE supports the frequencies with the highest CS service priority, the eNodeB
instructs the UE to measure only the frequencies with the highest CS service priority,
but not frequencies with lower CS service priorities even if measurements fail for the
frequencies with the highest CS service priority.
If the UE does not support the frequencies with the highest CS service priority or no
neighboring UTRAN cell operates on the frequencies with the highest CS service
priority, the eNodeB evaluates frequencies with lower CS service priorities. The
eNodeB delivers measurement configurations to the UE only when the eNodeB finds
a UE-supported UTRAN frequency on which a neighboring UTRAN cell operates.
NOTE

UtranFreqLayerMeasSwitch controls measurements on UTRAN frequencies but not on GERAN


frequencies. The eNodeB determines whether to instruct the UE to perform measurements based only
on whether the UE supports the GERAN and GERAN frequencies.

Interaction with CSFB with LAI


If both LOFD-001068 CS Fallback with LAI to UTRAN and LOFD-001078 E-UTRAN to
UTRAN CS/PS Steering are enabled, the eNodeB performs CSFB as follows:
l In a blind handover
The eNodeB first selects the frequencies with the PLMN ID indicated in the received LAI.
Among the cells on these frequencies, the eNodeB selects the cells on the frequencies with
the highest CS service priority. Then, the eNodeB selects cells with the LAC indicated in
the received LAI. If there are multiple qualified cells, the eNodeB queues the cells in the
following sequence: (1) cells with blind-handover priorities (specified by the
UTRANNCELL.BlindHoPriority parameter) in descending order; (2) cells on
frequencies with priorities for RRC_CONNECTED UEs (specified by the
UTRANNFREQ.ConnFreqPriority parameter) in descending order. If there are still
multiple frequencies with the same priority, the eNodeB randomly selects a target frequency
for a blind handover.
Figure 4-5 illustrates the principles for selecting a target frequency/cell for the blind
handover.

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Figure 4-5 Target frequency/cell selection for a blind handover using CSFB with LAI and E-
UTRAN to UTRAN CS steering

l In a measurement-based handover
The eNodeB selects the frequencies that meet all the following conditions:
The PLMN ID of any inter-RAT neighboring cell on a frequency is the same as the
PLMN ID in the received LAI.
The UE supports this RAT.
The UE is capable of measuring the frequency.

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Then, in the measurement configuration to the UE, the eNodeB delivers information
about inter-RAT frequencies with the highest CS service priority.

4.5 CSFB Flexible Steering


This section describes the algorithm principles and parameters related to CSFB flexible steering,
which involves the following optional features:

l LOFD-001088 CS Fallback Steering to UTRAN


For engineering guidelines, see section 7.8 LOFD-001088 CS Fallback Steering to
UTRAN.
l LOFD-001089 CS Fallback Steering to GERAN
For engineering guidelines, see section 7.9 LOFD-001089 CS Fallback Steering to
GERAN.

CSFB flexible steering provides a flexible method to select a target frequency for CSFB. Based
on the network plan and load balancing requirements, operators that have both E-UTRAN and
inter-RAT networks can transfer UEs to specified RATs and frequencies. Flexible steering can
be performed based on the following factors:

l Priorities of UTRAN frequencies in carrying CS services and CS+PS services. For example,
R99 frequencies preferentially carry CS services, and High Speed Packet Access (HSPA)
frequencies preferentially carry CS+PS services.
l CSFB mechanisms, including handover-based CSFB, redirection-based CSFB, and CCO-
based CSFB

CSFB flexible steering applies to UEs in idle mode and connected mode. If the
UtranCsfbSteeringSwitch or GeranCsfbSteeringSwitch option under the
ENodeBAlgoSwitch.HoAlgoSwitchparameter is selected, the eNodeB verifies UE status after
receiving a CS Fallback Indicator as follows:

l If the CS Fallback Indicator is contained in an Initial Context Setup Request message, the
eNodeB determines that the UE is in idle mode, that is, only a CS service is requested.
l If the CS Fallback Indicator is contained in a UE Context Modification Request message,
the eNodeB determines that the UE is in connected mode, that is, both CS and PS services
are requested.

Processing for UEs in Idle Mode


The eNodeB performs flexible steering for UEs in idle mode as follows:

l The eNodeB selects a target RAT based on the RAT priorities specified by the
CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.IdleCsfbHighestPri,
CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.IdleCsfbSecondPri, and
CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.IdleCsfbLowestPri parameters.
If the selected target RAT is UTRAN, the eNodeB selects a target frequency based on the
setting of the UtranNFreq.CsPriorityparameter. For details, see section 4.4 E-UTRAN to
UTRAN CS/PS Steering.
l The eNodeB selects a CSFB mechanism based on the setting of the
CSFallBackPolicyCfg.IdleModeCsfbHoPolicyCfg parameter: handover, CCO, or
redirection in descending order.

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Processing for UEs in Connected Mode


The eNodeB performs flexible steering for UEs in connected mode as follows:
l The eNodeB selects a target RAT based on the RAT priorities specified by the
CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.InterRatHighestPri,
CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.InterRatSecondPri, and
CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.InterRatLowestPri parameters.
If the selected target RAT is UTRAN, the eNodeB selects a target frequency based on the
setting of the UtranNFreq.CsPsMixedPriorityparameter. This parameter specifies the CS
service priority described in section 4.4 E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering.
l The eNodeB selects a CSFB mechanism based on the setting of the
CSFallBackPolicyCfg.CsfbHoPolicyCfg parameter: handover, CCO, or redirection in
order.
NOTE

The setting of the CSFallBackPolicyCfg.CsfbHoPolicyCfgparameter depends on UtranPsHoSwitch,


GeranPsHoSwitch, GeranNaccSwitch, and GeranCcoSwitch under the
ENodeBAlgoSwitch.HoModeSwitch parameter. For example, to enable handover-based CSFB to
UTRAN, the CSFallBackPolicyCfg.CsfbHoPolicyCfgparameter must be set to PS_HO, and the
UtranPsHoSwitch option must be selected. However, redirection-based CSFB is not affected by
UtranRedirectSwitch or GeranRedirectSwitch.

4.6 Load-based CSFB


This section describes the algorithm principles and parameters related to load-based CSFB. No
new license is required for load-based CSFB, which is an enhancement of LOFD-001033 CS
Fallback to UTRAN. For engineering guidelines, see section 7.1 LOFD-001033 CS Fallback
to UTRAN.

Obtaining UTRAN Cell Load Information


Huawei eNodeBs obtain UTRAN cell load information through RIM. Obtaining UTRAN cell
load information through RIM is under switch control, but not license control. The
GlobalProcSwitch.UtranLoadTransChan parameter specifies whether to enable this function.
Load sharing based on UTRAN cell load information checks UTRAN cell load status before
determining whether UEs are allowed to access a UTRAN cell. An exact UTRAN cell load value
is not necessarily required, because eNodeBs cannot determine the UTRAN cell load status
based on the cell load value.
In Single Report mode, eNodeBs can obtain only UTRAN cell load values (indicated by the IE
cellload), for example, the percentage of power load. In Multiple Report mode, in addition to
cell load values, eNodeBs can derive UTRAN cell load status from the IE overload flag.
Currently load-based CSFB adopts only RIM in Multiple Report mode. The RIM procedure is
as follows:
1. If the UtranCsfbSwitch and CSFBLoadInfoSwitch options under the
ENodeBAlgoSwitch.HoAlgoSwitch parameter are selected and the
GlobalProcSwitch.UtranLoadTransChan parameter is set to BASED_ON_RIM, the
eNodeB sends a RAN-INFORMATION-REQUEST message that contains the IE Multiple
Report to the RNC to obtain UTRAN cell load information.
2. After receiving the request, the RNC includes the UTRAN cell load value (power load
percentage) and status (congestion or overload) in the IEs cellload and overload flag,

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respectively, and sends these two IEs to the eNodeB through a RAN-INFORMATION
message that contains the IE Multiple Report-Initial.
NOTE

When the UTRAN cell load status is normal, the RNC does not include the IE overload flag in the
RAN-INFORMATION message that contains the IE Multiple Report-Initial.
Huawei RNCs extend the overload flag IE value specified in 3GPP specifications: from overload to
overload and congestion.
3. After sending the RAN-INFORMATION message that contains the IE Multiple Report-
Initial, if the UTRAN cell load status changes, the RNC notifies the eNodeB about the
updated UTRAN cell load status through a RAN-INFORMATION message that contains
the IE Multiple Report.
The eNodeB saves the UTRAN cell load value and load status and uses this information to select
a target UTRAN cell for CSFB.

Selecting a Target UTRAN Cell


During load-based CSFB to UTRAN, the eNodeB selects a target UTRAN cell in the following
order of priority:
l Cell whose load status is normal
l Congested cell
l Overloaded cell
Other load-based CSFB procedures are the same as those for normal load sharing to UTRAN.
For details, see MLB Feature Parameter Description.

NOTE

Currently, UTRANNFREQ.CsPriority take precedence over cell frequencies. If E-UTRAN to UTRAN


CS/PS Steering is enabled, the eNodeB selects only the highest-priority frequency for measurement. The
eNodeB does not select lower-priority frequencies even if all cells on the high-priority frequency are
overloaded.

4.7 CSFB Exception Handling


After a UE initiates a CSFB-based call, if the eNodeB determines to perform a measurement-
based handover, exceptions may occur that cause the UE to stay in the E-UTRAN. Exception
examples are as follows:
l The UE does not report the measurement result.
l The EPC does not respond to the handover preparation request of the eNodeB.
l After the eNodeB initiates handover preparation, the preparation fails because of
congestion in the target RNC or BSC.
To increase the CSFB success rate and improve user experience with CS services, Huawei
provides CSFB exception handling, which is enabled by default without a license requirement.
After receiving a CS Fallback Indicator, the eNodeB starts a timer the value of which is set in
the CSFallBackHo.CsfbProtectionTimerparameter. If the UE is still in the coverage of the
eNodeB when the timer expires and the blind handover priority or Connect frequency priority
of at least one inter-RAT neighboring cell is set to a value other than 0, the eNodeB performs
an emergency redirection procedure for CSFB. The eNodeB preferentially selects a RAT that
has not been measured by the UE for the emergency redirection. For example, if the UE has

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measured UTRAN cells, the eNodeB preferentially selects GERAN cells for the emergency
redirection.
If flash CSFB is enabled, the eNodeB sends system information about the neighboring GERAN
or UTRAN cells to UEs for redirections after the CSFB protection timer expires. The maximum
number of neighboring GERAN or UTRAN cells whose system information can be included in
one redirection message sent to a UE is specified by the
INTERRATHOCOMM.GeranCellNumForEmcRedirect or
INTERRATHOCOMM.UtranCellNumForEmcRedirect parameter, respectively.
If the eNodeB determines to perform CSFB in the form of a blind handover, but the candidate
cell with the highest blind-handover priority fails the handover preparation, the eNodeB selects
another cell based on the blind-handover priorities in descending order. The eNodeB can initiate
handover attempts to a maximum of eight candidate cells that are configured with blind-handover
priorities. If all attempts fail, the eNodeB performs a blind redirection procedure for CSFB.

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 5 Related Features

5 Related Features

5.1 Features Related to LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to UTRAN


Prerequisite Features
This feature requires LOFD-001019 PS Inter-RAT Mobility between E-UTRAN and UTRAN.

Mutually Exclusive Features


When a UE initiates a CSFB request, the eNodeB cannot determine, according to 3GPP Release
9 specifications, whether the target inter-RAT network is a CDMA2000 1xRTT network or a
GERAN/UTRAN. To prevent this problem, CSFB to GERAN/UTRAN cannot be enabled
together with CSFB to CDMA2000 1xRTT.
This feature does not work with the following features:
l LOFD-001035 CS Fallback to CDMA2000 1xRTT
l LOFD-001090 Enhanced CS Fallback to CDMA2000 1xRTT

Impacted Features
None

5.2 Features Related to LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to GERAN


Prerequisite Features
This feature requires LOFD-001020 PS Inter-RAT Mobility between E-UTRAN and GERAN.

Mutually Exclusive Features


When a UE initiates a CSFB request, the eNodeB cannot determine, according to 3GPP Release
9 specifications, whether the target inter-RAT network is a CDMA2000 1xRTT network or a
GERAN/UTRAN. To prevent this problem, CSFB to GERAN/UTRAN cannot be enabled
together with CSFB to CDMA2000 1xRTT.

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This feature does not work with the following features:

l LOFD-001035 CS Fallback to CDMA2000 1xRTT


l LOFD-001090 Enhanced CS Fallback to CDMA2000 1xRTT

Impacted Features
None

5.3 Features Related to LOFD-001052 Flash CS Fallback to


UTRAN
Prerequisite Features
This feature requires LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to UTRAN.

Mutually Exclusive Features


When a UE initiates a CSFB request, the eNodeB cannot determine, according to 3GPP Release
9 specifications, whether the target inter-RAT network is a CDMA2000 1xRTT network or a
GERAN/UTRAN. To prevent this problem, CSFB to GERAN/UTRAN cannot be enabled
together with CSFB to CDMA2000 1xRTT.

This feature does not work with the following features:

l LOFD-001035 CS Fallback to CDMA2000 1xRTT


l LOFD-001090 Enhanced CS Fallback to CDMA2000 1xRTT

Impacted Features
None

5.4 Features Related to LOFD-001053 Flash CS Fallback to


GERAN
Prerequisite Features
This feature requires LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to GERAN.

Mutually Exclusive Features


When a UE initiates a CSFB request, the eNodeB cannot determine, according to 3GPP Release
9 specifications, whether the target inter-RAT network is a CDMA2000 1xRTT network or a
GERAN/UTRAN. To prevent this problem, CSFB to GERAN/UTRAN cannot be enabled
together with CSFB to CDMA2000 1xRTT.

This feature does not work with the following features:

l LOFD-001035 CS Fallback to CDMA2000 1xRTT

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l LOFD-001090 Enhanced CS Fallback to CDMA2000 1xRTT

Impacted Features
None

5.5 Features Related to LOFD-001068 CS Fallback with LAI


to UTRAN
Prerequisite Features
This feature requires LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to UTRAN.

Mutually Exclusive Features


When a UE initiates a CSFB request, the eNodeB cannot determine, according to 3GPP Release
9 specifications, whether the target inter-RAT network is a CDMA2000 1xRTT network or a
GERAN/UTRAN. To prevent this problem, CSFB to GERAN/UTRAN cannot be enabled
together with CSFB to CDMA2000 1xRTT.

This feature does not work with the following features:

l LOFD-001035 CS Fallback to CDMA2000 1xRTT


l LOFD-001090 Enhanced CS Fallback to CDMA2000 1xRTT

Impacted Features
None

5.6 Features Related to LOFD-001069 CS Fallback with LAI


to GERAN
Prerequisite Features
This feature requires LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to GERAN.

Mutually Exclusive Features


When a UE initiates a CSFB request, the eNodeB cannot determine, according to 3GPP Release
9 specifications, whether the target inter-RAT network is a CDMA2000 1xRTT network or a
GERAN/UTRAN. To prevent this problem, CSFB to GERAN/UTRAN cannot be enabled
together with CSFB to CDMA2000 1xRTT.

This feature does not work with the following features:

l LOFD-001035 CS Fallback to CDMA2000 1xRTT


l LOFD-001090 Enhanced CS Fallback to CDMA2000 1xRTT

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Impacted Features
None

5.7 Features Related to LOFD-001078 E-UTRAN to UTRAN


CS/PS Steering
Required Features
This feature requires LOFD-001019 PS Inter-RAT Mobility between E-UTRAN and UTRAN
or LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to UTRAN.

Mutually Exclusive Features


None

Affected Features
None

5.8 Features Related to LOFD-001088 CS Fallback Steering


to UTRAN
Prerequisite Features
This feature requires LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to UTRAN and LOFD-001078 E-UTRAN to
UTRAN CS/PS Steering.

Mutually Exclusive Features


When a UE initiates a CSFB request, the eNodeB cannot determine, according to 3GPP Release
9 specifications, whether the target inter-RAT network is a CDMA2000 1xRTT network or a
GERAN/UTRAN. To prevent this problem, CSFB to GERAN/UTRAN cannot be enabled
together with CSFB to CDMA2000 1xRTT.

This feature does not work with the following features:

l LOFD-001035 CS Fallback to CDMA2000 1xRTT


l LOFD-001090 Enhanced CS Fallback to CDMA2000 1xRTT

Impacted Features
This feature affects LOFD-001089 CS Fallback Steering to GERAN. In overlapping coverage
of GSM, UMTS, and LTE networks, LOFD-001088 CS Fallback Steering to UTRAN and
LOFD-001089 CS Fallback Steering to GERAN, if enabled simultaneously, achieve CSFB
steering to different RATs.

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5.9 Features Related to LOFD-001089 CS Fallback Steering


to GERAN
Prerequisite Features
This feature requires LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to GERAN.

Mutually Exclusive Features


When a UE initiates a CSFB request, the eNodeB cannot determine, according to 3GPP Release
9 specifications, whether the target inter-RAT network is a CDMA2000 1xRTT network or a
GERAN/UTRAN. To prevent this problem, CSFB to GERAN/UTRAN cannot be enabled
together with CSFB to CDMA2000 1xRTT.
This feature does not work with the following features:
l LOFD-001035 CS Fallback to CDMA2000 1xRTT
l LOFD-001090 Enhanced CS Fallback to CDMA2000 1xRTT

Impacted Features
This feature affects LOFD-001088 CS Fallback Steering to UTRAN. In overlapping coverage
of GSM, UMTS, and LTE networks, LOFD-001088 CS Fallback Steering to UTRAN and
LOFD-001089 CS Fallback Steering to GERAN, if enabled simultaneously, achieve CSFB
steering to different RATs.

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6 Network Impact

6.1 LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to UTRAN


System Capacity
In essence, CSFB provides CS service access for E-UTRAN UEs. Considering that the number
of UEs that request CS services within an area is relatively stable and is not affected by EPS
deployment, CSFB has no impact on the total number of UEs that request CS services within a
network.

CSFB mechanisms affect signaling overhead as follows:

l If redirection is used as the CSFB mechanism, no extra signaling message is required for
the UTRAN because each CSFB procedure is equivalent to the initiation of a new CS
service. The EPS does not need to interact with the target network, and the corresponding
signaling overhead is negligible.
l If PS handover is used as the CSFB mechanism, extra signaling messages are required from
each NE for the request, preparation, and execution of each handover. However, from the
perspective of traffic statistics, the number of UEs that initiate CS services per second per
cell during peak hours is far below cell capacity. Therefore, signaling overhead caused by
PS handovers is low.

Load-based CSFB to UTRAN prevents PS handover preparation failure caused by UTRAN cell
congestion, because the eNodeB selects a target cell based on the UTRAN cell load status. This
increases system capacity.

Network Performance
CSFB affects the access success rate as follows:

l If redirection is used as the CSFB mechanism, each CSFB procedure is equivalent to the
initiation of a new CS service. Therefore, the access success rate for CSFB UEs is
theoretically the same as that for normal CS UEs in the UTRAN.
l If PS handover is used as the CSFB mechanism, the access success rate for CSFB UEs
depends on the success rate of handovers to the target RAT. Handover-triggered CS service
access has a higher requirement for signal quality compared with normal CS service access.

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Therefore, the access success rate for CSFB UEs is a little lower than that for normal CS
UEs in the UTRAN.
Load-based CSFB to UTRAN prevents PS handover preparation failure caused by UTRAN cell
congestion, because the eNodeB selects a target cell based on the UTRAN cell load status. This
decreases the CSFB delay.

6.2 LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to GERAN


System Capacity
In essence, CSFB provides CS service access for E-UTRAN UEs. Considering that the number
of UEs that request CS services within an area is relatively stable and is not affected by EPS
deployment, CSFB has no impact on the total number of UEs that request CS services within a
network.
CSFB mechanisms affect signaling overhead as follows:
l If redirection or CCO without NACC is used as the CSFB mechanism, no extra signaling
message is required for the GERAN because each CSFB procedure is equivalent to the
initiation of a new CS service. The EPS does not need to interact with the target network.
Therefore, signaling overhead is negligible.
l If CCO with NACC is used as the CSFB mechanism, extra signaling messages are required
only during eNodeB deployment. Afterward, signaling overhead is negligible because of
infrequent system information updates.
l If PS handover is used as the CSFB mechanism, extra signaling messages are required from
each NE for the request, preparation, and execution of each handover. However, from the
perspective of traffic statistics, the number of UEs that initiate CS services per second per
cell during peak hours is far below cell capacity. Therefore, signaling overhead caused by
PS handovers is low.

Network Performance
CSFB affects the access success rate as follows:
l If redirection or CCO/NACC is used as the CSFB mechanism, each CSFB procedure is
equivalent to the initiation of a new CS service. Therefore, the access success rate for CSFB
UEs is theoretically the same as that for normal CS UEs in the GERAN.
l If PS handover is used as the CSFB mechanism, the access success rate for CSFB UEs
depends on the success rate of handovers to the target RAT. Handover-triggered CS service
access has a higher requirement for signal quality compared with normal CS service access.
Therefore, the access success rate for CSFB UEs is a little lower than that for normal UEs
in the GERAN.

6.3 LOFD-001052 Flash CS Fallback to UTRAN


System Capacity
In essence, CSFB provides CS service access for E-UTRAN UEs. Considering that the number
of UEs that request CS services within an area is relatively stable and is not affected by EPS
deployment, CSFB has no impact on the total number of UEs that request CS services within a
network.

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Flash CSFB affects signaling overhead as follows:


Extra signaling messages are required only during eNodeB deployment. Afterward, signaling
overhead is negligible because of infrequent system information updates.

Network Performance
Flash CSFB affects the access success rate as follows:
l Each flash CSFB procedure is equivalent to the initiation of a new CS service. Therefore,
the access success rate for CSFB UEs is theoretically the same as that for normal CS UEs
in the UTRAN.
l The RRC connection setup success rate may decrease slightly for the UTRAN. The uplink
interference information contained in SIB7 in the UTRAN updates frequently. The RNC
cannot update the uplink interference information in the system information sent to the LTE
network based on SIB7 in the UTRAN. Therefore, the uplink interference information
contained in SIB7 in the LTE network is a default value (105 dBm). If the actual uplink
interference in the UTRAN is greater than 105 dBm, the transmit power on UEs' physical
random access channel (PRACH) increases and the RRC connection setup success rate
may decrease.
Flash CSFB to UTRAN decreases the CSFB delay by up to 1.28s because UEs obtain information
about the target UTRAN cell for redirection before RRC connections to the LTE network are
released.

6.4 LOFD-001053 Flash CS Fallback to GERAN


System Capacity
In essence, CSFB provides CS service access for E-UTRAN UEs. Considering that the number
of UEs that request CS services within an area is relatively stable and is not affected by EPS
deployment, CSFB has no impact on the total number of UEs that request CS services within a
network.
Flash CSFB affects signaling overhead as follows:
Extra signaling messages are required only during eNodeB deployment. Afterward, signaling
overhead is negligible because of infrequent system information updates.

Network Performance
If flash CSFB is used as the CSFB mechanism, each CSFB procedure is equivalent to the
initiation of a new CS service. Therefore, the access success rate for CSFB UEs is theoretically
the same as that for normal CS UEs in the GERAN.
Flash CSFB to GERAN decreases the CSFB delay by up to 2s because UEs obtain information
about the target GERAN cell for redirection before RRC connections to the LTE network are
released.

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6.5 LOFD-001068 CS Fallback with LAI to UTRAN


System Capacity
No impact.

Network Performance
CSFB with LAI ensures that a UE can fall back to the CS network to which the UE has attached.
This prevents CSFB failure or long delay caused by incorrect target RAT selection and increases
the CSFB success rate.

6.6 LOFD-001069 CS Fallback with LAI to GERAN


System Capacity
No impact.

Network Performance
CSFB with LAI ensures that a UE can fall back to the CS network to which the UE has attached.
This prevents CSFB failure or long delay caused by incorrect target RAT selection and increases
the CSFB success rate.

6.7 LOFD-001078 E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering


System Capacity
No impact.

Network Performance
E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering enables an eNodeB to include only UTRAN frequencies
with a high CS service priority in measurement configurations. This prevents redundant
measurements, reduces the measurement time, and decreases end-to-end CSFB delay.

If the CS service priorities of UTRAN frequencies configured on the eNodeB are consistent with
those configured at the UTRAN side, E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering prevents further
intra-UTRAN handovers for service steering. This improves user experience.

6.8 LOFD-001088 CS Fallback Steering to UTRAN


System Capacity
No impact.

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Network Performance
If the frequency with the highest priority is inappropriately configured, for example, if the
highest-priority frequency has coverage holes, a UE may fail to measure this frequency and
therefore the CSFB delay increases.

6.9 LOFD-001089 CS Fallback Steering to GERAN


System Capacity
No impact.

Network Performance
If the frequency with the highest priority is inappropriately configured, for example, if the
highest-priority frequency has coverage holes, a UE may fail to measure this frequency and
therefore the CSFB delay increases.

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 7 Engineering Guidelines

7 Engineering Guidelines

7.1 LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to UTRAN


This section provides engineering guidelines for LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to UTRAN.

7.1.1 When to Use CS Fallback to UTRAN


Use LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to UTRAN in the initial phase of LTE network deployment
when both of the following conditions are met:
l The operator owns a mature UTRAN.
l The LTE network does not provide VoIP services, or UEs in the LTE network do not support
VoIP services.
For policies on whether to use PS handover or PS redirection for CSFB, see Mobility
Management in Connected Mode Feature Parameter Description. If UTRAN and E-UTRAN
cells cover the same area, or the UTRAN cell provides better coverage than the E-UTRAN cell,
use CSFB based on blind handover to decrease the CSFB delay.

7.1.2 Required Information


l Collect the operating frequencies, coverage areas, and configurations of the E-UTRAN and
UTRAN cells. Information about coverage areas includes engineering parameters of sites
(such as latitude and longitude), TX power of cell reference signals (RSs), and neighbor
relationship configurations.
l Collect the versions and configurations of the NEs in the E-UTRAN, UTRAN, and core
networks, and ensure that they all support CSFB. Table 7-1 describes the requirements of
CSFB to UTRAN for the core networks.

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Table 7-1 Requirements of CSFB to UTRAN for core networks


NE Requirement

MME Supports:
l SGs interface to the MSC
l LAI selection based on the TAI of the serving cell
l MSC-initiated paging
l PLMN selection and reselection
l Combined EPS/IMSI attach, combined EPS/IMSI detach, and combined
TAU/LAU
l CS signaling message routing
l SMS over SGs

MSC Supports:
l Combined EPS/IMSI attach
l SMS over SGs
l Paging message forwarding over the SGs interface

SGSN Does not activate ISR during the combined RAU/LAU procedure initiated
by the UE.

l Collect the following information about the UEs that support UMTS and LTE on the live
network:
Supported frequency bands
Whether the UEs support redirection from E-UTRAN to UTRAN
Whether the UEs support PS handover from E-UTRAN to UTRAN
Whether the UEs support UTRAN measurements
This information is used to configure neighboring UTRAN cells and to determine
whether to perform CSFB based on handover or redirection. For details, see Mobility
Management in Connected Mode Feature Parameter Description.
l Collect information about the RNC, MME, and SGSN to check whether they all support
RIM procedures. This information is used to determine whether to enable load-based CSFB.

7.1.3 Requirements
Operating Environment
For CSFB to UTRAN, the eNodeB must collaborate with core-network equipment.
l If the core-network equipment is provided by Huawei, the version must be SAE1.2 or later.
l If the core-network equipment is provided by another vendor, check with the vendor
whether the equipment supports this feature. The core network must support CSFB to
UTRAN.

License
The operator has purchased and activated the license for the feature listed in Table 7-2.

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Table 7-2 License information for CSFB to UTRAN


Feature ID Feature Name License NE Sales Unit
Control Item

LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to CS Fallback to eNodeB per RRC


UTRAN UTRAN Connected User

7.1.4 Data Preparation


This section describes the data that you need to collect for setting parameters. Required data is
data that you must collect for all scenarios. Collect scenario-specific data when necessary for a
specific feature deployment scenario.
There are three types of data sources:
l Network plan (negotiation required): parameter values planned by the operator and
negotiated with the EPC or peer transmission equipment
l Network plan (negotiation not required): parameter values planned and set by the operator
l User-defined: parameter values set by users

Required Data
Before configuring CSFB to UTRAN, collect the data related to neighbor relationships with
UTRAN cells. This section provides only the information about managed objects (MOs) related
to neighboring UTRAN cells. For more information about how to collect data for the parameters
in these MOs, see Mobility Management in Connected Mode Feature Parameter Description.
Collect data for the parameters in the following MOs:
l UtranNFreq: used to configure neighboring UTRAN frequencies.
l UtranExternalCell: used to configure external UTRAN cells. If PS handover is used, the
UtranExternalCell.Rac parameter must be set.
l UtranExternalCellPlmn: used to configure additional PLMN IDs for each shared external
UTRAN cell. This MO is required only if the NodeB that provides the external UTRAN
cell works in RAN sharing with common carriers mode and multiple operators share the
external UTRAN cell.
l UtranNCell: used to configure neighbor relationships with UTRAN cells. If a neighboring
UTRAN cell supports blind handovers according to the network plan, the blind-handover
priority of the cell must be specified by the UtranNCell.BlindHoPriority parameter.

Scenario-specific Data
The following table describes the parameters that must be set in the ENodeBAlgoSwitch MO
to set the handover mode and handover algorithm switches for CSFB to UTRAN.

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Paramet Paramete Data Setting Notes


er Name r ID Source

Handover ENodeBA Network Set this parameter based on the network plan.
Mode lgoSwitch. plan l To activate PS handovers, select the
switch HoModeS (negotiatio UtranPsHoSwitch(UtranPsHoSwitch) check
witch n not box. If this check box is not selected, redirection
required) will be used for CSFB to UTRAN.
l To activate blind handovers, select the
BlindHoSwitch(BlindHoSwitch) check box. A
blind handover to an inter-RAT cell can be
performed only if a blind-handover priority is
specified for the inter-RAT cell. Compared with
measurement-based handovers, blind handovers
reduce access delays but cause lower handover
success rates.

Handover ENodeBA Network To activate CSFB to UTRAN, select the


Algo lgoSwitch. plan UtranCsfbSwitch(UtranCsfbSwitch) check box.
switch HoAlgoSw (negotiatio To activate load-based CSFB, select the
itch n not CSFBLoadInfoSwitch(CSFBLoadInfoSwitch)
required) check box.

The following table describes the parameters that must be set in the CSFallBackBlindHoCfg
MO to set the blind-handover priorities of different RATs for CSFB.

Paramet Paramete Data Setting Notes


er Name r ID Source

CN CSFallBa Network Set this parameter based on the network plan. This
Operator ckBlindH plan parameter identifies the operator whose RAT blind-
ID oCfg. (negotiatio handover priorities are to be set.
CnOperat n not
orId required)

Highest CSFallBa Network Set this parameter based on the network plan. This
priority ckBlindH plan parameter is set to UTRAN by default and specifies
InterRat oCfg. (negotiatio the high-priority RAT to be considered in blind
InterRatH n not handovers for CSFB. For CSFB to UTRAN, retain
ighestPri required) the default value.

Second CSFallBa Network Set this parameter based on the network plan. This
priority ckBlindH plan parameter is set to GERAN by default and specifies
InterRat oCfg. (negotiatio the second-highest-priority RAT to be considered in
InterRatSe n not blind handovers for CSFB. Ensure that this
condPri required) parameter is set to a different value from the
CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.InterRatHighestPri and
CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.InterRatLowestPri
parameters.

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Paramet Paramete Data Setting Notes


er Name r ID Source

Lowest CSFallBa Network Set this parameter based on the network plan. This
priority ckBlindH plan parameter is set to CDMA2000 by default and
InterRat oCfg. (negotiatio specifies the low-priority RAT to be considered in
InterRatL n not blind handovers for CSFB. Ensure that this
owestPri required) parameter is set to a different value from the
CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.InterRatHighestPri and
CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.InterRatSecondPri
parameters.

UTRAN CSFallBa Network Set this parameter based on the network plan. This
LCS ckBlindH plan parameter specifies the LCS capability of the
capability oCfg. (negotiatio UTRAN.
UtranLcs n not
Cap required)

The following table describes the parameter that must be set in the ENodeBAlgoSwitch MO to
activate load-based CSFB.

Paramet Paramete Data Setting Notes


er Name r ID Source

Handover ENodeBAl Network To activate load-based CSFB, select the


Algo goSwitch. plan CSFBLoadInfoSwitch(CSFBLoadInfoSwitch)
switch HoAlgoSw (negotiatio check box.
itch n not
required)

The following table describes the parameter that must be set in the GLOBALPROCSWITCH
MO to set load-based CSFB to UTRAN.

Paramet Paramete Data Setting Notes


er Name r ID Source

Choose GlobalPro Network Set this parameter to BASED_ON_RIM to enable


UMTS cSwitch. plan UTRAN cell load information acquisition through
Cell Load UtranLoad (negotiation RIM if the RNC, MME, and SGSN support RIM.
Info Trans TransCha not
Channel n required)

The following table describes the parameter that must be set in the CSFallBackHo MO to set
the CSFB protection timer.

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Paramet Parameter Data Setting Notes


er Name ID Source

CSFB CSFallBac Network Set this parameter based on the network plan. The
Protection kHo. plan default value 4 applies to a GSM+UMTS+LTE
Timer CsfbProtec (negotiatio network. The value 2 is recommended for a UMTS
tionTimer n not +LTE network. If this parameter is set too large, the
required) CSFB delay increases in abnormal CSFB
scenarios. If this parameter is set too small, normal
measurement or handover procedures may be
interrupted.

The following table describes the parameter that must be set in the InterRatHoComm MO to
set the maximum number of neighboring UTRAN cells whose system information is sent to UEs
for emergency redirections.

Paramet Parameter Data Setting Notes


er Name ID Source

Max InterRatH Network The default value is 0, indicating that no system


Utran cell oComm. plan information of any neighboring UTRAN cells is
num in UtranCell (negotiation sent to UEs for emergency redirections. Operators
CSFB NumForE not can set this parameter to 0 through 16 based on the
EMC mcRedirec required) network plan.
redirectio t After the CSFB protection timer expires, the
n eNodeB performs an emergency redirection. If the
signal quality of the serving cell is poor and this
parameter is set to a large value, the eNodeB may
fail to send the system information of neighboring
UTRAN cells to UEs.

7.1.5 Precautions
None

7.1.6 Initial Configuration


Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration for Newly Deployed eNodeBs
Enter the values of the parameters listed in Table 7-3 in a summary data file, which also contains
other data for the new eNodeBs to be deployed. Then, import the summary data file into the
Configuration Management Express (CME) for batch configuration. For detailed instructions,
see section "Creating eNodeBs in Batches" in the initial configuration guide for the eNodeB.
The summary data file may be a scenario-specific file provided by the CME or a customized
file, depending on the following conditions:

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l The managed objects (MOs) in Table 7-3 are contained in a scenario-specific summary
data file. In this situation, set the parameters in the MOs, and then verify and save the file.
l Some MOs in Table 7-3 are not contained in a scenario-specific summary data file. In this
situation, customize a summary data file to include the MOs before you can set the
parameters.

Table 7-3 Parameters for activating CSFB to UTRAN

MO Sheet in the Parameter Group Remarks


Summary Data
File

UtranNFreq UtranNFreq Local cell identity, Downlink The


UARFCN template
RNPtempl
ate is
recommend
ed.

UtranExternal- UtranExternal- Mobile country code, Mobile The


Cell Cell network code, UTRAN cell template
identity, Downlink UARFCN, RNPtempl
RNC identity, Primary scrambling ate is
code, Location area code recommend
ed.

UtranExternal- UtranExternal- UTRAN cell identity, Mobile The


CellPlmn CellPlmn country code, Mobile network template
code, Share mobile country code, RNPtempl
Share mobile network code ate is
recommend
ed.

UtranNCell UtranNCell Local cell identity, Mobile country The


code, Mobile network code, template
UTRAN cell identity, Blind RNPtempl
handover priority ate is
recommend
ed.

ENodeBAlgoS User-defined Handover Algo switch, Handover None


witch sheet Mode switch

CSFallBackBli User-defined CN Operator ID, Highest priority None


ndHoCfg sheet InterRat, Second priority InterRat,
Lowest priority InterRat, UTRAN
LCS capability

CSFallBackHo User-defined CsfbProtectionTimer None


sheet

INTERRATH User-defined UtranCellNumForEmcRedirect None


OCOMM sheet

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Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration for Existing eNodeBs


Batch reconfiguration using the CME is the recommended method to activate a feature on
existing eNodeBs. This method reconfigures all data, except neighbor relationships, for multiple
eNodeBs in a single procedure. The procedure is as follows:

Step 1 Choose CME > Advanced > Customize Summary Data File (M2000 client mode), or choose
Advanced > Customize Summary Data File (CME client mode), to customize a summary data
file for batch reconfiguration.
NOTE

For context-sensitive help on a current task in the client, press F1.

Step 2 Choose CME > LTE Application > Export Data > Export Base Station Bulk Configuration Data
(M2000 client mode), or choose Advanced > Base Station Bulk Configuration > Export Data
(CME client mode), to export the eNodeB data stored on the CME into the customized summary
data file.
Step 3 In the summary data file, set the parameters in the MOs listed in Table 7-3 and close the file.
Step 4 Choose CME > LTE Application > Import Data > Import Base Station Bulk Configuration Data
(M2000 client mode), or choose LTE Application > Import Data > Import Base Station Bulk
Configuration Data (CME client mode), to import the summary data file into the CME.
Step 5 Choose CME > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (M2000 client mode), or choose
Area Management > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (CME client mode), to export
and activate the incremental scripts.

----End

Using the CME to Perform Single Configuration


On the CME, set the parameters listed in the "Data Preparation" section for a single eNodeB.
The procedure is as follows:

Step 1 In the planned data area, click Base Station in the upper left corner of the configuration window.
Step 2 In area 1 shown in Figure 7-1, select the eNodeB to which the MOs belong.

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Figure 7-1 MO search and configuration window

NOTE

l To view descriptions of the parameters in the MO, click in area 4 and press F1.
l Area 5 displays the details of a selected area-4 entry in vertical format. Click the "Details" button to
show or hide this area.

Step 3 On the Search tab page in area 2, enter an MO name, for example, CELL.

Step 4 In area 3, double-click the MO in the Object Name column. All parameters in this MO are
displayed in area 4.

Step 5 Set the parameters in area 4 or 5.

Step 6 Choose CME > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (M2000 client mode), or choose
Area Management > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (CME client mode), to
export and activate the incremental scripts.

----End

Using MML Commands


The configuration procedure is as follows:

Step 1 Run the following commands to add neighbor relationships with UTRAN cells:
l ADD UTRANNFREQ
l ADD UTRANEXTERNALCELL
l ADD UTRANEXTERNALCELLPLMN
l ADD UTRANNCELL

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For details about parameter settings, see Mobility Management in Connected Mode Feature
Parameter Description.
Step 2 Run the MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH command to set the handover mode and handover
algorithm switches for CSFB to UTRAN.
Step 3 Run the MOD CSFALLBACKBLINDHOCFG command to set the blind-handover priorities
of different RATs for CSFB.
Step 4 (Optional) Run the MOD CSFALLBACKHO command to set the CSFB protection timer.
Step 5 (Optional) Run the MOD INTERRATHOCOMM command to set the maximum number of
neighboring UTRAN cells whose system information is to be sent to UEs for emergency
redirections.
Step 6 (Optional) Run the MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH command with the
CSFBLoadInfoSwitch(CSFBLoadInfoSwitch) check box selected to enable load-based
CSFB.
Step 7 (Optional) Run the MOD GLOBALPROCSWITCH command with the Choose UMTS Cell
Load Info Trans Channel parameter set to BASED_ON_RIM.
----End

7.1.7 Activation Observation


Signaling Observation
The activation observation procedure for CSFB to UTRAN is as follows:
Step 1 Enable a UE to camp on an E-UTRAN cell and make a voice call.
Step 2 Enable the UE to camp on an E-UTRAN cell and receive a voice call.
If the calls continue until they are ended, CSFB to UTRAN takes effect. You can observe the
signaling procedures for CSFB to UTRAN.
----End
The activation observation procedure for load-based CSFB to UTRAN is as follows:
Two UTRAN cells A and B are under overload control and in the normal state, respectively.
The RSCP of cell A is larger than that of cell B. Perform the following steps after activating
CSFB to UTRAN and load-based CSFB to UTRAN:
Step 1 Enable a UE to perform a PS-handover-based CSFB when both cell A and cell B provides
services correctly. The expected result is that the eNodeB only contains information about cell
B in the measurement configuration sent to the UE. If the RSCP of cell B meets the handover
requirements, the eNodeB transfers the UE to cell B.
Step 2 Enable a UE to perform a PS-handover-based CSFB when cell B is blocked and cell A provides
services correctly. The expected result is that the eNodeB contains information about cell A in
the measurement configuration sent to the UE. If the RSCP of cell A meets the handover
requirements, the eNodeB transfers the UE to cell A and the UE can access the network through
preemption or queuing.
----End
Figure 7-2 and Figure 7-3 show sample procedures for CSFB to UTRAN for a mobile-
originated call and CSFB to UTRAN for a mobile-terminated call, respectively. In the examples,

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the UE was in idle mode before the call and is forced to fall back to the UTRAN using a
redirection.

NOTE

The same UE is shown in the left and right sides of the figure. This applies to all figures in the rest of this
document. The messages on the UMTS side are only for reference.

Figure 7-2 CSFB to UTRAN for a mobile-originated call

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Figure 7-3 CSFB to UTRAN for a mobile-terminated call

If the UE capability is not included in the Initial Context Setup Request (Initial Context Setup
Req in the figures) message, the eNodeB initiates a UE capability transfer procedure immediately
after receiving this message from the MME. If the UE capability is included in the Initial Context
Setup Request message, the eNodeB initiates a UE capability transfer procedure after sending
an Initial Context Setup Response (Initial Context Setup Rsp in the figures) message to the MME.
If measurement-based redirection is used for CSFB to UTRAN, the eNodeB delivers the B1-
related measurement configuration.
If blind redirection is used for CSFB to UTRAN, the eNodeB does not deliver the B1-related
measurement configuration but sends an RRC Connection Release (RRC Conn Rel in the
figures) message to the UE. The procedures indicated by dashed lines in Figure 7-2 and Figure
7-3 are optional. As shown in the red and green boxes in Figure 7-4, in the RRC Connection
Release message, the cause value is "other" and the target RAT is UTRAN. For an emergency
call, the cause value is "CSFBhighpriority."

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Figure 7-4 The RRC Connection Release message during CSFB to UTRAN

If PS handover is used for CSFB to UTRAN, the eNodeB initiates a PS handover procedure
after receiving a measurement report from the UE, instead of sending an RRC Connection
Release message to the UE. Figure 7-5 shows the PS handover procedure. As shown in the red
and green boxes in Figure 7-6, in the handover command sent over the air interface, the cs-
FallbackIndicator IE is TRUE and the target RAT is UTRAN.

Figure 7-5 PS handover procedure

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Figure 7-6 The MobilityFromEUTRAN message during CSFB to UTRAN

MML Command Observation


The activation observation procedure for load-based CSFB to UTRAN is as follows:
Run the DSP UTRANRIMLOADINFO command to query neighboring UTRAN cell load
status to check whether load-based CSFB has been activated.
If the neighboring UTRAN cell load status is displayed, load-based CSFB has been activated.

Counter Observation
Table 7-4 lists the performance counters for observing functions related to CSFB to UTRAN.

Table 7-4 Performance counters for observing CSFB to UTRAN

Function Counter Counter Description


ID Name

CSFB to 1526728323 L.CSFB.E2W Number of times CSFB to UTRAN is


UTRAN performed

CSFB to 1526728709 L.CSFB.E2W. Number of times CSFB to UTRAN is


UTRAN Emergency triggered for emergency calls
triggered for
emergency calls

RIM during 1526728949 L.RIM.Load.E Number of load information requests


load-based 2W.Req sent from an eNodeB to a UMTS
CSFB to network
UTRAN
1526728950 L.RIM.Load.E Number of load information responses
2W.Resp sent from a UMTS network to an
eNodeB

1526728951 L.RIM.Load.E Number of load information updates


2W.Update sent from a UMTS network to an
eNodeB

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7.1.8 Deactivation
Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration
Batch reconfiguration using the CME is the recommended method to deactivate a feature on
eNodeBs. This method reconfigures all data, except neighbor relationships, for multiple
eNodeBs in a single procedure. The procedure for feature deactivation is similar to that for
feature activation described in Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration for Existing
eNodeBs. In the procedure, modify parameters according to Table 7-5.

Table 7-5 Parameters for deactivating CSFB to UTRAN


MO Sheet in the Parameter Group Remarks
Summary Data
File

ENodeBAlgoSwitch User-defined sheet HoAlgoSwitch To deactivate CSFB


to UTRAN, set
UtranCsfbSwitch
under the
HoAlgoSwitch
parameter to 0.
To deactivate only
load-based CSFB to
UTRAN, set
CSFBLoadInfoS-
witch under the
HoAlgoSwitch
parameter to 0.

Using the CME to Perform Single Configuration


On the CME, set parameters according to Table 7-5. For detailed instructions, see Using the
CME to Perform Single Configuration described for feature activation.

Using MML Commands


l Deactivating CSFB to UTRAN
Run the MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH command with the UtranCsfbSwitch
(UtranCsfbSwitch) check box cleared under the Handover Algo switch parameter.
l Deactivating only load-based CSFB to UTRAN
Run the MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH command with the CSFBLoadInfoSwitch
(CSFBLoadInfoSwitch) check box cleared under the Handover Algo switch parameter.

7.2 LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to GERAN


This section provides engineering guidelines for LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to GERAN.

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7.2.1 When to Use CS Fallback to GERAN


Use LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to GERAN in the initial phase of LTE network deployment
when both of the following conditions are met:
l The operator owns a mature GERAN.
l The LTE network does not provide VoIP services, or UEs in the LTE network do not support
VoIP services.
For policies on whether to use PS handover or PS redirection for CSFB, see Mobility
Management in Connected Mode Feature Parameter Description. If GERAN and E-UTRAN
cells cover the same area, or the GERAN cell provides better coverage than the E-UTRAN cell,
use CSFB based on blind handover to decrease

7.2.2 Required Information


l Collect the operating frequencies, coverage areas, and configurations of the E-UTRAN and
GERAN cells. Information about coverage areas includes engineering parameters of sites
(such as latitude and longitude), TX power of cell reference signals (RSs), and neighbor
relationship configurations.
l Collect the versions and configurations of the NEs in the E-UTRAN, GERAN, and core
networks, and ensure that they all support CSFB. Table 7-6 describes the requirements of
CSFB to GERAN for the core networks.

Table 7-6 Requirements of CSFB to GERAN for core networks


NE Requirement

MME Supports:
l SGs interface to the MSC
l LAI selection based on the TAI of the
serving cell
l MSC-initiated paging
l PLMN selection and reselection
l Combined EPS/IMSI attach, combined
EPS/IMSI detach, and combined TAU/
LAU
l Routing of CS signaling messages
l SMS over SGs

MSC Supports:
l Combined EPS/IMSI attach
l SMS over SGs
l Paging message forwarding over the
SGs interface

SGSN Does not activate ISR during the combined


RAU/LAU procedure initiated by the UE.

l Collect the following information about the UEs that support GSM and LTE on the live
network:

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Supported frequency bands


Whether the UEs support redirection from E-UTRAN to GERAN
Whether the UEs support PS handover from E-UTRAN to GERAN
Whether the UEs support GERAN measurements
This information is used to configure neighboring GERAN cells and to determine
whether to perform CSFB based on handover or redirection. For details, see Mobility
Management in Connected Mode Feature Parameter Description.

7.2.3 Requirements

Operating Environment
For CSFB to GERAN, the eNodeB must collaborate with core-network equipment.

l If the core-network equipment is provided by Huawei, the version must be SAE1.2 or later.
l If the core-network equipment is provided by another vendor, check with the vendor
whether the equipment supports this feature. The core network must support CSFB to
GERAN.

License
The operator has purchased and activated the license for the feature listed in Table 7-7.

Table 7-7 License information for CSFB to GERAN

Feature ID Feature Name License NE Sales Unit


Control Item

LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to CS Fallback to eNodeB per RRC


GERAN GERAN Connected User

NOTE

If the GERAN network uses Huawei equipment, activate the license for GBFD-511313 CSFB and turn on
the switch specified by the GCELLSOFT.SUPPORTCSFB parameter.

7.2.4 Data Preparation


This section describes the data that you need to collect for setting parameters. Required data is
data that you must collect for all scenarios. Collect scenario-specific data when necessary for a
specific feature deployment scenario.

There are three types of data sources:

l Network plan (negotiation required): parameter values planned by the operator and
negotiated with the EPC or peer transmission equipment
l Network plan (negotiation not required): parameter values planned and set by the operator
l User-defined: parameter values set by users

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Required Data
Before configuring CSFB to GERAN, collect the data related to neighbor relationships with
GERAN cells. This section provides only the information about MOs related to neighboring
GERAN cells. For more information about how to collect data for the parameters in these MOs,
see Mobility Management in Connected Mode Feature Parameter Description.

Collect data for the parameters in the following MOs:

l GeranNfreqGroup: used to configure GERAN carrier frequency groups.


l GeranNfreqGroupArfcn: used to configure absolute radio frequency channel numbers
(ARFCNs) in each GERAN carrier frequency group.
l GeranExternalCell: used to configure external GERAN cells. If PS handover is used, the
GeranExternalCell.Rac parameter must be set.
l GeranExternalCellPlmn: used to configure additional PLMN IDs for each shared external
GERAN cell. This MO is required only if the BTS that provides the external GERAN cell
works in RAN sharing with common carriers mode and multiple operators share the
external GERAN cell.
l GeranNcell: used to configure neighbor relationships with GERAN cells. If a neighboring
GERAN cell supports blind handovers according to the network plan, the blind-handover
priority of the cell must be specified by the GeranNcell.BlindHoPriority parameter.

Scenario-specific Data
The following table describes the parameters that must be set in the ENodeBAlgoSwitch MO
to set the handover mode and handover algorithm switches for CSFB to GERAN.

Parameter Paramete Data Setting Notes


Name r ID Source

Handover ENodeBA Network Set this parameter based on the network plan.
Mode lgoSwitch plan l To activate PS handovers, select the
switch . (negotiation GeranPsHoSwitch(GeranPsHoSwitch)
HoModeS not required) check box. To activate CCO, select the
witch GeranCcoSwitch(GeranCcoSwitch) check
box. To activate NACC, select the
GeranNaccSwitch(GeranNaccSwitch)
check box.
If none of the preceding check boxes is
selected, redirection will be used for CSFB
to GERAN.
l To activate blind handovers, select the
BlindHoSwitch(BlindHoSwitch) check
box. A blind handover to an inter-RAT cell
can be performed only if a blind-handover
priority is specified for the inter-RAT cell.
Compared with measurement-based
handovers, blind handovers reduce access
delays but cause lower handover success
rates.

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Parameter Paramete Data Setting Notes


Name r ID Source

Handover ENodeBA Network To activate CSFB to GERAN, select the


Algo switch lgoSwitch plan GeranCsfbSwitch(GeranCsfbSwitch) check
. (negotiation box.
HoAlgoS not required)
witch

The following table describes the parameters that must be set in the CSFallBackBlindHoCfg
MO to set the blind-handover priorities of different RATs for CSFB.

Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

CN Operator ID CSFallBackBlind- Network plan Set this parameter


HoCfg. (negotiation not based on the network
CnOperatorId required) plan. This parameter
identifies the
operator whose RAT
blind-handover
priorities are to be
set.

Highest priority CSFallBackBlind- Network plan Set this parameter


InterRat HoCfg. (negotiation not based on the network
InterRatHighestPri required) plan. This parameter
is set to UTRAN by
default and specifies
the high-priority
RAT to be
considered in blind
handovers for CSFB.
For CSFB to
GERAN, set this
parameter to
GERAN.

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Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

Second priority CSFallBackBlind- Network plan Set this parameter


InterRat HoCfg. (negotiation not based on the network
InterRatSecondPri required) plan. This parameter
is set to GERAN by
default and specifies
the second-highest-
priority RAT to be
considered in blind
handovers for CSFB.
Ensure that this
parameter is set to a
different value from
the
CSFallBackBlind-
HoCfg.InterRatHig
hestPri and
CSFallBackBlind-
HoCfg.InterRatLow
estPri parameters.

Lowest priority CSFallBackBlind- Network plan Set this parameter


InterRat HoCfg. (negotiation not based on the network
InterRatLowestPri required) plan. This parameter
is set to CDMA2000
by default and
specifies the low-
priority RAT to be
considered in blind
handovers for CSFB.
Ensure that this
parameter is set to a
different value from
the
CSFallBackBlind-
HoCfg.InterRatHig
hestPri and
CSFallBackBlind-
HoCfg.InterRatSec
ondPri parameters.

GERAN LCS CSFallBackBlind- Network plan Set this parameter


capability HoCfg. (negotiation not based on the network
GeranLcsCap required) plan. This parameter
specifies the LCS
capability of the
GERAN.

The following table describes the parameter that must be set in the CSFallBackHo MO to set
the CSFB protection timer.

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Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

CSFB Protection CSFallBackHo. Network plan Set this parameter


Timer CsfbProtectionTim- (negotiation not based on the network
er required) plan. The default
value 4 applies to a
GSM+UMTS+LTE
network. The default
value is also
recommended for a
GSM+LTE network.
If this parameter is
set too large, the
CSFB delay
increases in
abnormal CSFB
scenarios. If this
parameter is set too
small, normal
measurement or
handover procedures
may be interrupted.

The following table describes the parameter that must be set in the InterRatHoComm MO to
set the maximum number of neighboring GERAN cells whose system information is sent to UEs
for emergency redirections.

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Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

Max Geran cell num InterRatHoComm. Network plan The default value is
in CSFB EMC GeranCellNumFor- (negotiation not 0, indicating that no
redirection EmcRedirect required) system information
of any neighboring
GERAN cells is sent
to UEs for
emergency
redirections.
Operators can set this
parameter to 0
through 32 based on
the network plan.
After the CSFB
protection timer
expires, the eNodeB
performs an
emergency
redirection. If the
signal quality of the
serving cell is poor
and this parameter is
set to a large value,
the eNodeB may fail
to send the system
information of
neighboring
GERAN cells to
UEs.

7.2.5 Precautions
None

7.2.6 Initial Configuration

Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration for Newly Deployed eNodeBs
Enter the values of the parameters listed in Table 7-8 in a summary data file, which also contains
other data for the new eNodeBs to be deployed. Then, import the summary data file into the
Configuration Management Express (CME) for batch configuration. For detailed instructions,
see section "Creating eNodeBs in Batches" in the initial configuration guide for the eNodeB.

The summary data file may be a scenario-specific file provided by the CME or a customized
file, depending on the following conditions:

l The managed objects (MOs) in Table 7-8 are contained in a scenario-specific summary
data file. In this situation, set the parameters in the MOs, and then verify and save the file.

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l Some MOs in Table 7-8 are not contained in a scenario-specific summary data file. In this
situation, customize a summary data file to include the MOs before you can set the
parameters.

Table 7-8 Parameters for activating CSFB to GERAN

MO Sheet in the Parameter Group Remarks


Summary Data
File

GeranNfreqGroup GeranNfreqGrou Local cell identity, The template


p BCCH group RNPtemplate is
identity, GERAN recommended.
version, Starting
ARFCN, Band
indicator

GeranNfreqGrou- GeranNfreqGrou- Local cell identity, The template


pArfcn pArfcn BCCH group RNPtemplate is
identity, GERAN recommended.
ARFCN

GeranExternalCell GeranExternal- Mobile country The template


Cell code, Mobile RNPtemplate is
network code, recommended.
GERAN cell
identity, Location
area code, Routing
area code configure
indicator, Band
indicator, GERAN
ARFCN, Network
colour code, Base
station colour code,
DTM indication

GeranExternal- GeranExternal- GERAN cell The template


CellPlmn CellPlmn identity, Location RNPtemplate is
area code, Mobile recommended.
country code,
Mobile network
code, Share mobile
country code, Share
mobile network
code

GeranNcell GeranNcell Local cell identity, The template


Mobile country RNPtemplate is
code, Mobile recommended.
network code,
Location area code,
GERAN cell
identity, Blind
handover priority

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MO Sheet in the Parameter Group Remarks


Summary Data
File

ENodeBAlgoSwitc User-defined sheet Handover Algo None


h switch, Handover
Mode switch

CSFallBackBlind- User-defined sheet CN Operator ID, None


HoCfg Highest priority
InterRat, Second
priority InterRat,
Lowest priority
InterRat, GERAN
LCS capability

CSFallBackHo User-defined sheet CsfbProtection- None


Timer

INTERRATHOCO User-defined sheet GeranCellNumFor- None


MM EmcRedirect

Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration for Existing eNodeBs


Batch reconfiguration using the CME is the recommended method to activate a feature on
existing eNodeBs. This method reconfigures all data, except neighbor relationships, for multiple
eNodeBs in a single procedure. The procedure is as follows:

Step 1 Choose CME > Advanced > Customize Summary Data File (M2000 client mode), or choose
Advanced > Customize Summary Data File (CME client mode), to customize a summary data
file for batch reconfiguration.
NOTE

For context-sensitive help on a current task in the client, press F1.

Step 2 Choose CME > LTE Application > Export Data > Export Base Station Bulk Configuration Data
(M2000 client mode), or choose Advanced > Base Station Bulk Configuration > Export Data
(CME client mode), to export the eNodeB data stored on the CME into the customized summary
data file.
Step 3 In the summary data file, set the parameters in the MOs listed in Table 7-8 and close the file.
Step 4 Choose CME > LTE Application > Import Data > Import Base Station Bulk Configuration Data
(M2000 client mode), or choose LTE Application > Import Data > Import Base Station Bulk
Configuration Data (CME client mode), to import the summary data file into the CME.
Step 5 Choose CME > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (M2000 client mode), or choose
Area Management > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (CME client mode), to export
and activate the incremental scripts.

----End

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Using the CME to Perform Single Configuration


On the CME, set the parameters listed in the "Data Preparation" section for a single eNodeB.
The procedure is as follows:

Step 1 In the planned data area, click Base Station in the upper left corner of the configuration window.

Step 2 In area 1 shown in Figure 7-7, select the eNodeB to which the MOs belong.

Figure 7-7 MO search and configuration window

NOTE

l To view descriptions of the parameters in the MO, click in area 4 and press F1.
l Area 5 displays the details of a selected area-4 entry in vertical format. Click the "Details" button to
show or hide this area.

Step 3 On the Search tab page in area 2, enter an MO name, for example, CELL.

Step 4 In area 3, double-click the MO in the Object Name column. All parameters in this MO are
displayed in area 4.

Step 5 Set the parameters in area 4 or 5.

Step 6 Choose CME > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (M2000 client mode), or choose
Area Management > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (CME client mode), to
export and activate the incremental scripts.

----End

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Using MML Commands


Step 1 Run the following commands to add neighbor relationships with GERAN cells:
l ADD GERANNFREQGROUP
l ADD GERANNFREQGROUPARFCN
l ADD GERANEXTERNALCELL
l ADD GERANEXTERNALCELLPLMN
l ADD GERANNCELL

For details about parameter settings, see Mobility Management in Connected Mode Feature
Parameter Description.

Step 2 Run the MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH command to set the handover mode and handover
algorithm switches for CSFB to GERAN.

Step 3 Run the MOD CSFALLBACKBLINDHOCFG command to set the blind-handover priorities
of different RATs for CSFB.

Step 4 (Optional) Run the MOD CSFALLBACKHO command to set the CSFB protection timer.

Step 5 (Optional) Run the MOD INTERRATHOCOMM command to set the maximum number of
neighboring GERAN cells whose system information is to be sent to UEs for emergency
redirections.

----End

7.2.7 Activation Observation

Signaling Observation
The activation observation procedure is as follows:

Step 1 Enable a UE to camp on an E-UTRAN cell and make a voice call.

Step 2 Enable the UE to camp on an E-UTRAN cell and receive a voice call.

If the calls continue until they are ended, CSFB to GERAN takes effect. You can observe the
signaling procedures for CSFB to GERAN, which is similar to that for CSFB to UTRAN
described in section 7.1.7 Activation Observation. The only difference is the target RAT.

----End

Counter Observation
Table 7-9 lists the performance counters for observing functions related to CSFB to GERAN.

Table 7-9 Performance counters for observing CSFB to GERAN

Function Counter ID Counter Name Description

CSFB to GERAN 1526728324 L.CSFB.E2G Number of times


CSFB to GERAN is
performed

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Function Counter ID Counter Name Description

CSFB to GERAN 1526728710 L.CSFB.E2G.Emer- Number of times


triggered for gency CSFB to GERAN is
emergency calls triggered for
emergency calls

7.2.8 Deactivation
Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration
Batch reconfiguration using the CME is the recommended method to deactivate a feature on
eNodeBs. This method reconfigures all data, except neighbor relationships, for multiple
eNodeBs in a single procedure. The procedure for feature deactivation is similar to that for
feature activation described in Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration for Existing
eNodeBs. In the procedure, modify parameters according to Table 7-10.

Table 7-10 Parameters for deactivating CSFB to GERAN


MO Sheet in the Parameter Group Remarks
Summary Data
File

ENodeBAlgoSwitch User-defined sheet HoAlgoSwitch To deactivate CSFB


to GERAN, set
GeranCsfbSwitch
under the
HoAlgoSwitch
parameter to 0.

Using the CME to Perform Single Configuration


On the CME, set parameters according to Table 7-10. For detailed instructions, see Using the
CME to Perform Single Configuration described for feature activation.

Using MML Commands


Run the MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH command with the GeranCsfbSwitch
(GeranCsfbSwitch) check box cleared under the Handover Algo switch parameter.

7.3 LOFD-001052 Flash CS Fallback to UTRAN


This section provides engineering guidelines for LOFD-001052 Flash CS Fallback to UTRAN.

7.3.1 When to Use Flash CS Fallback to UTRAN


When LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to UTRAN has been enabled, use LOFD-001052 Flash CS
Fallback to UTRAN if all the following conditions are met:

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l The E-UTRAN and UTRAN support the RIM with SIB procedure.
l 3GPP Release 9 UEs are used on the live network.
l The core networks support the RIM procedure.

For policies on whether to use PS handover or PS redirection for CSFB, see Mobility
Management in Connected Mode Feature Parameter Description. If UTRAN and E-UTRAN
cells cover the same area, or the UTRAN cell provides better coverage than the E-UTRAN cell,
use CSFB based on blind handover to decrease the CSFB delay.

7.3.2 Required Information


l Collect information about whether LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to UTRAN has been
activated.
l Collect the operating frequencies, coverage areas, and configurations of the E-UTRAN and
UTRAN cells. Information about coverage areas includes engineering parameters of sites
(such as latitude and longitude), TX power of cell reference signals (RSs), and neighbor
relationship configurations.
l Collect the versions and configurations of the NEs in the E-UTRAN, UTRAN, and core
networks, and ensure that they all support CSFB and the RIM procedure. Table 7-11
describes the requirements of flash CSFB to UTRAN for the core networks.

Table 7-11 Requirements of flash CSFB to UTRAN for core networks

NE Requirement

MME Supports:
l CSFB
l RIM procedures in compliance with
3GPP Release 9

SGSN Supports:
l CSFB
l RIM procedures in compliance with
3GPP Release 9

l Collect the following information about the UEs that support UMTS and LTE on the live
network:
Supported frequency bands
Whether the UEs support redirection from E-UTRAN to UTRAN
Whether the UEs support PS handover from E-UTRAN to UTRAN
Whether the UEs support UTRAN measurements
Whether the UEs comply with 3GPP Release 9 specifications
This information is used to configure neighboring UTRAN cells and to determine
whether to perform CSFB based on handover or redirection. For details, see Mobility
Management in Connected Mode Feature Parameter Description.

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7.3.3 Requirements
Operating Environment
For flash CSFB to UTRAN, the eNodeB must collaborate with core-network equipment.
l If the core-network equipment is provided by Huawei, the version must be PS9.1 or later.
l If the core-network equipment is provided by another vendor, check with the vendor
whether the equipment supports this feature. The core network must support flash CSFB
to UTRAN.

License
The operator has purchased and activated the licenses for the features listed in Table 7-12.

Table 7-12 License information for flash CSFB to UTRAN


Feature ID Feature Name License NE Sales Unit
Control Item

LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to CS Fallback to eNodeB per RRC


UTRAN UTRAN Connected User

LOFD-001052 Flash CS Flash CS eNodeB per RRC


Fallback to Fallback to Connected User
UTRAN UTRAN

NOTE

If the UTRAN uses Huawei devices, RIM-based flash CSFB needs to be enabled on the UTRAN.

7.3.4 Data Preparation


This section describes the data that you need to collect for setting parameters. Required data is
data that you must collect for all scenarios. Collect scenario-specific data when necessary for a
specific feature deployment scenario.
There are three types of data sources:
l Network plan (negotiation required): parameter values planned by the operator and
negotiated with the EPC or peer transmission equipment
l Network plan (negotiation not required): parameter values planned and set by the operator
l User-defined: parameter values set by users

Required Data
Before configuring CSFB to UTRAN, collect the data related to neighbor relationships with
UTRAN cells. This section provides only the information about MOs related to neighboring
UTRAN cells and key parameters in these MOs. For more information about how to collect data
for the parameters in these MOs, see Mobility Management in Connected Mode Feature
Parameter Description.
Collect data for the parameters in the following MOs:

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l UtranNFreq: used to configure neighboring UTRAN frequencies.


l UtranExternalCell: used to configure external UTRAN cells. If PS handover is used, the
UtranExternalCell.Rac parameter must be set.
l UtranExternalCellPlmn: used to configure additional PLMN IDs for each shared external
UTRAN cell. This MO is required only if the NodeB that provides the external UTRAN
cell works in RAN sharing with common carriers mode and multiple operators share the
external UTRAN cell.
l UtranNCell: used to configure neighbor relationships with UTRAN cells. If a neighboring
UTRAN cell supports blind handovers according to the network plan, the blind-handover
priority of the cell must be specified by the UtranNCell.BlindHoPriority parameter.

Scenario-specific Data
The following table describes the parameters that must be set in the ENodeBAlgoSwitch MO
to set the handover mode and handover algorithm switches for flash CSFB to UTRAN.

Param Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes


eter
Name

Handov ENodeBAlgoSw Network plan Set this parameter based on the network
er itch. (negotiation not plan.
Mode HoModeSwitch required) To activate blind handovers, select the
switch BlindHoSwitch(BlindHoSwitch)
check box. A blind handover to an inter-
RAT cell can be performed only if a
blind-handover priority is specified for
the inter-RAT cell. Compared with
measurement-based handovers, blind
handovers reduce access delays but
cause lower handover success rates.

Handov ENodeBAlgoSw Network plan To activate flash CSFB to UTRAN,


er Algo itch. (negotiation not select the UtranCsfbSwitch
switch HoAlgoSwitch required) (UtranCsfbSwitch) and
UtranFlashCsfbSwitch(Utran-
FlashCsfbSwitch) check boxes.

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Param Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes


eter
Name

RIM ENodeBAlgoSw Network plan UTRAN_RIM_SWITCH(UTRAN


switch itch.RimSwitch (negotiation not RIM Switch) under this parameter
required) specifies whether to enable or disable
the RIM procedure that requests event-
driven multiple reports from UTRAN
cells.
l If this switch is turned on, the
eNodeB can send RAN-
INFORMATION-REQUEST/
Multiple Report protocol data units
(PDUs) to UTRAN cells to request
event-driven multiple reports.
l If this switch is turned off, the
eNodeB cannot send RAN-
INFORMATION-REQUEST/
Multiple Report PDUs to UTRAN
cells.
If this switch is turned off and
UtranFlashCsfbSwitch(Utran-
FlashCsfbSwitch) under
ENodeBAlgoSwitch.HoAlgoSwitc
h is turned on, the eNodeB sends
RAN-INFORMATION-
REQUEST/Single Report PDUs to
UTRAN cells to request single
reports.
If the UTRAN cells support RAN-
INFORMATION-REQUEST/
Multiple Report PDUs, you are
advised to select the
UTRAN_RIM_SWITCH
(UTRAN RIM Switch) check box.

The following table describes the parameters that must be set in the S1Interface MO to set the
compliance protocol release of the MME.

Paramete Parameter Data Setting Notes


r Name ID Source

MME S1Interface. Network To active the multiple RIM, set the parameter
Release MmeRelease plan to Release_R9(Release 9).
(negotiation
not required)

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The following table describes the parameters that must be set in the CSFallBackBlindHoCfg
MO to set the blind-handover priorities of different RATs for CSFB.

Paramete Parameter Data Setting Notes


r Name ID Source

CN CSFallBack Network Set this parameter based on the network plan.


Operator BlindHoCfg. plan This parameter identifies the operator whose
ID CnOperatorI (negotiation RAT blind-handover priorities are to be set.
d not required)

Highest CSFallBack Network Set this parameter based on the network plan.
priority BlindHoCfg. plan This parameter is set to UTRAN by default and
InterRat InterRatHig (negotiation specifies the high-priority RAT to be
hestPri not required) considered in blind handovers for CSFB. For
flash CSFB to UTRAN, retain the default
value.

Second CSFallBack Network Set this parameter based on the network plan.
priority BlindHoCfg. plan This parameter is set to GERAN by default and
InterRat InterRatSeco (negotiation specifies the second-highest-priority RAT to be
ndPri not required) considered in blind handovers for CSFB.
Ensure that this parameter is set to a different
value from the
CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.InterRatHighestPri
and
CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.InterRatLowestPri
parameters.

Lowest CSFallBack Network Set this parameter based on the network plan.
priority BlindHoCfg. plan This parameter is set to CDMA2000 by default
InterRat InterRatLow (negotiation and specifies the low-priority RAT to be
estPri not required) considered in blind handovers for CSFB.
Ensure that this parameter is set to a different
value from the
CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.InterRatHighestPri
and
CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.InterRatSecondPri
parameters.

UTRAN CSFallBack Network Set this parameter based on the network plan.
LCS BlindHoCfg. plan This parameter specifies the LCS capability of
capability UtranLcsCap (negotiation the UTRAN.
not required)

The following table describes the parameter that must be set in the InterRatHoComm MO to
set the maximum number of neighboring UTRAN cells whose system information is sent to UEs
for flash redirections.

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Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

Max Utran cell num InterRatHoComm. Network plan Set this parameter
in redirection CellInfoMaxUtran- (negotiation not based on the network
CellNum required) plan. The default
value is 8. If this
parameter is set too
small, the flash
CSFB success rate
decreases because
UEs may not receive
valid neighboring
cell system
information. If this
parameter is set too
large, the size of an
RRC connection
release message
increases and CSFB
may fail.

The following table describes the parameters that must be set in the ENodeBAlgoSwitch MO
to enable adaptive blind CSFB.

Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

Handover Mode ENodeBAlgoSwitc Network plan Select the


switch h.HoModeSwitch (negotiation not BlindHoSwitch
required) (BlindHoSwitch)
check box.

Handover Algo ENodeBAlgoSwitc Network plan Select the


switch h.HoAlgoSwitch (negotiation not CsfbAdaptive-
required) BlindHoSwitch
(CsfbAdaptive-
BlindHoSwitch)
check box.

The following table describes the parameter that must be set in the CSFallBackHo MO to set
the RSRP threshold for event A1 associated with adaptive blind CSFB.

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Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

CSFB Adaptive CSFallBackHo. Network plan Set this parameter


Blind Ho A1 RSRP BlindHoA1ThdRsrp (negotiation not based on the network
Trigger Threshold required) plan.
The eNodeB treats a
UE as a cell center
user (CCU) or cell
edge user (CEU)
based on whether the
RSRP value
measured by the UE
in the serving cell
exceeds this
threshold. The
eNodeB performs
blind handovers for
CCUs. The eNodeB
may treat a UE in an
overlapping area as a
CCU if the signal
quality is good.

7.3.5 Precautions
None

7.3.6 Initial Configuration


Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration for Newly Deployed eNodeBs
Enter the values of the parameters listed in Table 7-13 in a summary data file, which also contains
other data for the new eNodeBs to be deployed. Then, import the summary data file into the
Configuration Management Express (CME) for batch configuration. For detailed instructions,
see section "Creating eNodeBs in Batches" in the initial configuration guide for the eNodeB.
The summary data file may be a scenario-specific file provided by the CME or a customized
file, depending on the following conditions:
l The managed objects (MOs) in Table 7-13 are contained in a scenario-specific summary
data file. In this situation, set the parameters in the MOs, and then verify and save the file.
l Some MOs in Table 7-13 are not contained in a scenario-specific summary data file. In
this situation, customize a summary data file to include the MOs before you can set the
parameters.

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Table 7-13 Parameters for activating flash CSFB to UTRAN


MO Sheet in the Parameter Group Remarks
Summary
Data File

UtranNFreq UtranNFreq Local cell identity, Downlink UARFCN The


template
RNPtemp
late is
recommen
ded.

UtranExtern UtranExternal Mobile country code, Mobile network The


alCell Cell code, UTRAN cell identity, Downlink template
UARFCN, RNC identity, Routing area RNPtemp
code configure indicator, Routing area late is
code, Primary scrambling code, recommen
Location area code ded.

UtranExtern UtranExternal UTRAN cell identity, Mobile country The


alCellPlmn CellPlmn code, Mobile network code, Share template
mobile country code, Share mobile RNPtemp
network code late is
recommen
ded.

UtranNCell UtranNCell Local cell identity, Mobile country code, The


Mobile network code, UTRAN cell template
identity, Blind handover priority RNPtemp
late is
recommen
ded.

S1Interface S1Interface MME Release None

ENodeBAlg User-defined Handover Algo switch, Handover Mode None


oSwitch sheet switch, Redirection switch, RIM switch,
BlindHoSwitchCsfbAdaptiveBlind-
HoSwitch

CSFallBack User-defined CN Operator ID, Highest priority None


BlindHoCfg sheet InterRat, Second priority InterRat,
Lowest priority InterRat, UTRAN LCS
capability

InterRatHo User-defined CellInfoMaxUtranCellNum None


Comm sheet

CSFallBack User-defined BlindHoA1ThdRsrp None


Ho sheet

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Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration for Existing eNodeBs


Batch reconfiguration using the CME is the recommended method to activate a feature on
existing eNodeBs. This method reconfigures all data, except neighbor relationships, for multiple
eNodeBs in a single procedure. The procedure is as follows:

Step 1 Choose CME > Advanced > Customize Summary Data File (M2000 client mode), or choose
Advanced > Customize Summary Data File (CME client mode), to customize a summary data
file for batch reconfiguration.
NOTE

For context-sensitive help on a current task in the client, press F1.

Step 2 Choose CME > LTE Application > Export Data > Export Base Station Bulk Configuration Data
(M2000 client mode), or choose Advanced > Base Station Bulk Configuration > Export Data
(CME client mode), to export the eNodeB data stored on the CME into the customized summary
data file.
Step 3 In the summary data file, set the parameters in the MOs listed in Table 7-13 and close the file.
Step 4 Choose CME > LTE Application > Import Data > Import Base Station Bulk Configuration Data
(M2000 client mode), or choose LTE Application > Import Data > Import Base Station Bulk
Configuration Data (CME client mode), to import the summary data file into the CME.
Step 5 Choose CME > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (M2000 client mode), or choose
Area Management > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (CME client mode), to export
and activate the incremental scripts.

----End

Using the CME to Perform Single Configuration


On the CME, set the parameters listed in the "Data Preparation" section for a single eNodeB.
The procedure is as follows:

Step 1 In the planned data area, click Base Station in the upper left corner of the configuration window.
Step 2 In area 1 shown in Figure 7-8, select the eNodeB to which the MOs belong.

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Figure 7-8 MO search and configuration window

NOTE

l To view descriptions of the parameters in the MO, click in area 4 and press F1.
l Area 5 displays the details of a selected area-4 entry in vertical format. Click the "Details" button to
show or hide this area.

Step 3 On the Search tab page in area 2, enter an MO name, for example, CELL.

Step 4 In area 3, double-click the MO in the Object Name column. All parameters in this MO are
displayed in area 4.

Step 5 Set the parameters in area 4 or 5.

Step 6 Choose CME > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (M2000 client mode), or choose
Area Management > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (CME client mode), to
export and activate the incremental scripts.

----End

Using MML Commands


Step 1 Run the following commands to add neighbor relationships with UTRAN cells:
l ADD UTRANNFREQ
l ADD UTRANEXTERNALCELL
l ADD UTRANEXTERNALCELLPLMN
l ADD UTRANNCELL

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For details about parameter settings, see Mobility Management in Connected Mode Feature
Parameter Description.
Step 2 Run the MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH command to set the handover mode, handover
algorithm switches, redirection algorithm switch, and RIM procedure switch for flash CSFB to
UTRAN.
Step 3 Run the MOD S1INTERFACE command to set the compliance protocol release of the MME.
Step 4 Run the MOD CSFALLBACKBLINDHOCFG command to set the blind-handover priorities
of different RATs for CSFB.
Step 5 Run the MOD INTERRATHOCOMM command to set the maximum number of neighboring
UTRAN cells whose system information is sent to UEs for flash redirections.

----End
To activate adaptive blind CSFB, perform the following steps:

Step 1 Run the MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH command to turn on the blind handover switch and
adaptive blind CSFB switch.
Step 2 Run the MOD CSFALLBACKHO command to set the RSRP threshold for event A1 associated
with adaptive blind CSFB.

----End

7.3.7 Activation Observation


Signaling Observation
Enable a UE to camp on an E-UTRAN cell and make a voice call. If the call continues and the
RRC Connection Release message traced on the Uu interface carries the information about
neighboring UTRAN cells, flash CSFB to UTRAN has been activated.
The signaling procedure for flash CSFB to UTRAN is similar to that for CSFB to UTRAN
described in section 7.1.7 Activation Observation The difference is that the RRC Connection
Release message carries the information about neighboring UTRAN cells.

MML Command Observation


Check the status of the RIM procedure towards neighboring UTRAN cells by running the DSP
UTRANRIMINFO command. If the ID of a neighboring UTRAN cell is displayed in the
command output, the eNodeB has obtained the system information of this neighboring UTRAN
cell.

Counter Observation
Table 7-14 lists the performance counters for observing functions related to flash CSFB to
UTRAN.

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Table 7-14 Performance counters for observing flash CSFB to UTRAN


Function Counter ID Counter Description
Name

Flash CSFB to 1526728705 L.FlashCSFB.E Number of times flash CSFB to


UTRAN 2W UTRAN is performed

RIM during 1526728946 L.RIM.SI.E2W. Number of system information


flash CSFB to Req requests sent from an eNodeB to a
UTRAN UMTS network

1526728947 L.RIM.SI.E2W. Number of system information


Resp responses sent from a UMTS network
to an eNodeB

1526728948 L.RIM.SI.E2W. Number of system information updates


Update sent from a UMTS network to an
eNodeB

7.3.8 Deactivation
Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration
Batch reconfiguration using the CME is the recommended method to deactivate a feature on
eNodeBs. This method reconfigures all data, except neighbor relationships, for multiple
eNodeBs in a single procedure. The procedure for feature deactivation is similar to that for
feature activation described in Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration for Existing
eNodeBs. In the procedure, modify parameters according to Table 7-15.

Table 7-15 Parameters for deactivating flash CSFB to UTRAN


MO Sheet in the Parameter Group Remarks
Summary Data
File

ENodeBAlgoSwitch User-defined sheet HoAlgoSwitch Set


UtranFlashCsfbS-
witch under the
HoAlgoSwitch
parameter to 0.

Using the CME to Perform Single Configuration


On the CME, set parameters according to Table 7-15. For detailed instructions, see Using the
CME to Perform Single Configuration described for feature activation.

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Using MML Commands


To deactivate flash CSFB to UTRAN, run the MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH command with
the UtranFlashCsfbSwitch(UtranFlashCsfbSwitch) check box cleared under the Handover
Algo switch parameter.

To deactivate adaptive blind CSFB, run the MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH command with
the CsfbAdaptiveBlindHoSwitch(CsfbAdaptiveBlindHoSwitch) check box cleared under the
Handover Algo switch parameter.

7.4 LOFD-001053 Flash CS Fallback to GERAN


This section provides engineering guidelines for LOFD-001053 Flash CS Fallback to GERAN.

7.4.1 When to Use Flash CS Fallback to GERAN


When LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to GERAN has been enabled, use LOFD-001053 Flash CS
Fallback to GERAN if all the following conditions are met:

l The E-UTRAN and GERAN support the RIM with SIB procedure.
l 3GPP Release 9 UEs are used on the live network.
l The core networks support the RIM procedure.

For policies on whether to use PS handover or PS redirection for CSFB, see Mobility
Management in Connected Mode Feature Parameter Description. If GERAN and E-UTRAN
cells cover the same area, or the GERAN cell provides better coverage than the E-UTRAN cell,
use CSFB based on blind handover to decrease the CSFB delay.

7.4.2 Required Information


l Collect information about whether LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to GERAN has been
activated.
l Collect the operating frequencies, coverage areas, and configurations of the E-UTRAN and
GERAN cells. Information about coverage areas includes engineering parameters of sites
(such as latitude and longitude), TX power of cell reference signals (RSs), and neighbor
relationship configurations.
l Collect the versions and configurations of the NEs in the E-UTRAN, GERAN, and core
networks, and ensure that they all support CSFB and the RIM procedure. Table 7-16
describes the requirements of flash CSFB to GERAN for the core networks.

Table 7-16 Requirements of flash CSFB to GERAN for core networks

NE Requirement

MME Supports:
l CSFB
l RIM procedures in compliance with 3GPP Release.

SGSN Supports:
l CSFB
l RIM procedures in compliance with 3GPP Release.

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l Collect the following information about the UEs that support GSM and LTE on the live
network:
Supported frequency bands
Whether the UEs support redirection from E-UTRAN to GERAN
Whether the UEs support PS handover from E-UTRAN to GERAN
Whether the UEs support GERAN measurements
Whether the UEs comply with 3GPP Release 9 specifications
This information is used to configure neighboring GERAN cells and to determine
whether to perform CSFB based on handover or redirection. For details, see Mobility
Management in Connected Mode Feature Parameter Description.

7.4.3 Requirements
Operating Environment
For flash CSFB to GERAN, the eNodeB must collaborate with core-network equipment.
l If the core-network equipment is provided by Huawei, the version must be PS8.2 or later.
l If the core-network equipment is provided by another vendor, check with the vendor
whether the equipment supports this feature. The core network must support flash CSFB
to GERAN.

License
The operator has purchased and activated the licenses for the features listed in Table 7-17.

Table 7-17 License information for flash CSFB to GERAN


Feature ID Feature Name License NE Sales Unit
Control Item

LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to CS Fallback to eNodeB per RRC


GERAN GERAN Connected User

LOFD-001053 Flash CS Flash CS eNodeB per RRC


Fallback to Fallback to Connected User
GERAN GERAN

NOTE

If the GERAN uses Huawei devices, evolved network assisted cell change (eNACC) between E-UTRAN
and GERAN for CSFB needs to be enabled on the GERAN.

7.4.4 Data Preparation


This section describes the data that you need to collect for setting parameters. Required data is
data that you must collect for all scenarios. Collect scenario-specific data when necessary for a
specific feature deployment scenario.
There are three types of data sources:

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l Network plan (negotiation required): parameter values planned by the operator and
negotiated with the EPC or peer transmission equipment
l Network plan (negotiation not required): parameter values planned and set by the operator
l User-defined: parameter values set by users

Required Data
Before configuring CSFB to GERAN, collect the data related to neighbor relationships with
GERAN cells. This section provides only the information about MOs related to neighboring
GERAN cells and key parameters in these MOs. For more information about how to collect data
for the parameters in these MOs, see Mobility Management in Connected Mode Feature
Parameter Description.
Collect data for the parameters in the following MOs:
l GeranNfreqGroup: used to configure GERAN carrier frequency groups.
l GeranNfreqGroupArfcn: used to configure ARFCNs in each GERAN carrier frequency
group.
l GeranExternalCell: used to configure external GERAN cells. If PS handover is used, the
GeranExternalCell.Rac parameter must be set.
l GeranExternalCellPlmn: used to configure additional PLMN IDs for each shared external
GERAN cell. This MO is required only if the BTS that provides the external GERAN cell
works in RAN sharing with common carriers mode and multiple operators share the
external GERAN cell.
l GeranNcell: used to configure neighbor relationships with GERAN cells. If a neighboring
GERAN cell supports blind handovers according to the network plan, the blind-handover
priority of the cell must be specified by the GeranNcell.BlindHoPriority parameter.

Scenario-specific Data
The following table describes the parameters that must be set in the ENodeBAlgoSwitch MO
to set the handover mode and handover algorithm switches for flash CSFB to GERAN.

Param Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes


eter
Name

Hando ENodeBAlgoSwi Network plan Set this parameter based on the network
ver tch. (negotiation not plan.
Mode HoModeSwitch required) To activate blind handovers, select the
switch BlindHoSwitch(BlindHoSwitch)
check box. A blind handover to an inter-
RAT cell can be performed only if a
blind-handover priority is specified for
the inter-RAT cell. Compared with
measurement-based handovers, blind
handovers reduce access delays but
cause lower handover success rates.

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Param Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes


eter
Name

Hando ENodeBAlgoSwi Network plan To activate flash CSFB to GERAN,


ver tch. (negotiation not select the GeranCsfbSwitch
Algo HoAlgoSwitch required) (GeranCsfbSwitch) and
switch GeranFlashCsfbSwitch(Geran-
FlashCsfbSwitch) check boxes.

RIM ENodeBAlgoSwi Network plan GERAN_RIM_SWITCH(GERAN


switch tch.RimSwitch (negotiation not RIM Switch) under this parameter
required) specifies whether to enable or disable
the RIM procedure that requests event-
driven multiple reports from GERAN
cells.
l If this switch is turned on, the
eNodeB can send RAN-
INFORMATION-REQUEST/
Multiple Report PDUs to GERAN
cells to request event-driven multiple
reports.
l If this switch is turned off, the
eNodeB cannot send RAN-
INFORMATION-REQUEST/
Multiple Report PDUs to GERAN
cells.
If this switch is turned off and
GeranFlashCsfbSwitch(Geran-
FlashCsfbSwitch) under
ENodeBAlgoSwitch.HoAlgoSwitc
h is turned on, the eNodeB sends
RAN-INFORMATION-
REQUEST/Single Report PDUs to
GERAN cells to request single
reports.
If the GERAN cells support RAN-
INFORMATION-REQUEST/
Multiple Report PDUs, you are
advised to select the
GERAN_RIM_SWITCH
(GERAN RIM Switch) check box.

The following table describes the parameters that must be set in the S1Interface MO to set the
compliance protocol release of the MME.

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Paramete Parameter Data Setting Notes


r Name ID Source

MME S1Interface. Network To active the multiple RIM, set the parameter
Release MmeRelease plan to Release_R9(Release 9).
(negotiation
not required)

The following table describes the parameters that must be set in the CSFallBackBlindHoCfg
MO to set the blind-handover priorities of different RATs for CSFB.

Paramet Parameter Data Source Setting Notes


er ID
Name

CN CSFallBac Network plan Set this parameter based on the network plan.
Operator kBlindHoC (negotiation This parameter identifies the operator whose
ID fg. not required) RAT blind-handover priorities are to be set.
CnOperato
rId

Highest CSFallBac Network plan Set this parameter based on the network plan.
priority kBlindHoC (negotiation This parameter is set to UTRAN by default and
InterRat fg. not required) specifies the high-priority RAT to be considered
InterRatHi in blind handovers for CSFB. For flash CSFB to
ghestPri GERAN, set this parameter to GERAN.

Second CSFallBac Network plan Set this parameter based on the network plan.
priority kBlindHoC (negotiation This parameter is set to GERAN by default and
InterRat fg. not required) specifies the second-highest-priority RAT to be
InterRatSe considered in blind handovers for CSFB. Ensure
condPri that this parameter is set to a different value from
the CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.InterRatHighest-
Pri and
CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.InterRatLowestPri
parameters.

Lowest CSFallBac Network plan Set this parameter based on the network plan.
priority kBlindHoC (negotiation This parameter is set to CDMA2000 by default
InterRat fg. not required) and specifies the low-priority RAT to be
InterRatLo considered in blind handovers for CSFB. Ensure
westPri that this parameter is set to a different value from
the CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.InterRatHighest-
Pri and
CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.InterRatSecondPri
parameters.

GERAN CSFallBac Network plan Set this parameter based on the network plan.
LCS kBlindHoC (negotiation This parameter specifies the LCS capability of
capabilit fg. not required) the GERAN.
y GeranLcsC
ap

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The following table describes the parameter that must be set in the InterRatHoComm MO to
set the maximum number of neighboring GERAN cells whose system information is sent to UEs
for flash redirections.

Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

Max Geran cell num InterRatHoComm. Network plan Set this parameter
in redirection CellInfoMaxGeran- (negotiation not based on the network
CellNum required) plan. The default
value is 8.
If this parameter is
set too small, the
flash CSFB success
rate decreases
because UEs may not
receive valid
neighboring cell
system information.
If this parameter is
set too large, the size
of an RRC
connection release
message increases
and CSFB may fail.

The following table describes the parameters that must be set in the ENodeBAlgoSwitch MO
to enable adaptive blind CSFB.

Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

Handover Mode ENodeBAlgoSwitc Network plan Select the


switch h.HoModeSwitch (negotiation not BlindHoSwitch
required) (BlindHoSwitch)
check box.

Handover Algo ENodeBAlgoSwitc Network plan Select the


switch h.HoAlgoSwitch (negotiation not CsfbAdaptive-
required) BlindHoSwitch
(CsfbAdaptive-
BlindHoSwitch)
check box.

The following table describes the parameter that must be set in the CSFallBackHo MO to set
the RSRP threshold for event A1 associated with adaptive blind CSFB.

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Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

CSFB Adaptive CSFallBackHo. Network plan Set this parameter


Blind Ho A1 RSRP BlindHoA1ThdRsrp (negotiation not based on the network
Trigger Threshold required) plan.
The eNodeB treats a
UE as a CCU or CEU
based on whether the
RSRP value
measured by the UE
in the serving cell
exceeds this
threshold. The
eNodeB performs
blind handovers for
CCUs. The eNodeB
may treat a UE in an
overlapping area as a
CCU if the signal
quality is good.

7.4.5 Precautions
None

7.4.6 Initial Configuration


Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration for Newly Deployed eNodeBs
Enter the values of the parameters listed in Table 7-18 in a summary data file, which also contains
other data for the new eNodeBs to be deployed. Then, import the summary data file into the
Configuration Management Express (CME) for batch configuration. For detailed instructions,
see section "Creating eNodeBs in Batches" in the initial configuration guide for the eNodeB.
The summary data file may be a scenario-specific file provided by the CME or a customized
file, depending on the following conditions:
l The managed objects (MOs) in Table 7-18 are contained in a scenario-specific summary
data file. In this situation, set the parameters in the MOs, and then verify and save the file.
l Some MOs in Table 7-18 are not contained in a scenario-specific summary data file. In
this situation, customize a summary data file to include the MOs before you can set the
parameters.

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Table 7-18 Parameters for activating flash CSFB to GERAN


MO Sheet in the Parameter Group Remarks
Summary Data
File

GeranNfreqGroup GeranNfreqGrou Local cell identity, The template


p BCCH group RNPtemplate is
identity, GERAN recommended.
version, Starting
ARFCN, Band
indicator

GeranNfreqGrou- GeranNfreqGrou- Local cell identity, The template


pArfcn pArfcn BCCH group RNPtemplate is
identity, GERAN recommended.
ARFCN

GeranExternalCell GeranExternal- Mobile country The template


Cell code, Mobile RNPtemplate is
network code, recommended.
GERAN cell
identity, Location
area code, Routing
area code configure
indicator, Routing
area code, Band
indicator, GERAN
ARFCN, Network
colour code, Base
station colour code,
DTM indication

GeranExternal- GeranExternal- GERAN cell The template


CellPlmn CellPlmn identity, Location RNPtemplate is
area code, Mobile recommended.
country code,
Mobile network
code, Share mobile
country code, Share
mobile network
code

GeranNcell GeranNcell Local cell identity, The template


Mobile country RNPtemplate is
code, Mobile recommended.
network code,
Location area code,
GERAN cell
identity, Blind
handover priority

S1Interface S1Interface MME Release None

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MO Sheet in the Parameter Group Remarks


Summary Data
File

ENodeBAlgoSwitc User-defined sheet Handover Algo None


h switch, Handover
Mode switch,
Redirection switch,
RIM switch,
BlindHoS-
witchCsfbAdapti-
veBlindHoSwitch

CSFallBackBlind- User-defined sheet CN Operator ID, None


HoCfg Highest priority
InterRat, Second
priority InterRat,
Lowest priority
InterRat, GERAN
LCS capability

InterRatHoComm User-defined sheet CellInfoMaxGer- None


anCellNum

CSFallBackHo User-defined sheet BlindHoA1ThdRsr None


p

Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration for Existing eNodeBs


Batch reconfiguration using the CME is the recommended method to activate a feature on
existing eNodeBs. This method reconfigures all data, except neighbor relationships, for multiple
eNodeBs in a single procedure. The procedure is as follows:

Step 1 Choose CME > Advanced > Customize Summary Data File (M2000 client mode), or choose
Advanced > Customize Summary Data File (CME client mode), to customize a summary data
file for batch reconfiguration.
NOTE

For context-sensitive help on a current task in the client, press F1.

Step 2 Choose CME > LTE Application > Export Data > Export Base Station Bulk Configuration Data
(M2000 client mode), or choose Advanced > Base Station Bulk Configuration > Export Data
(CME client mode), to export the eNodeB data stored on the CME into the customized summary
data file.
Step 3 In the summary data file, set the parameters in the MOs listed in Table 7-18 and close the file.
Step 4 Choose CME > LTE Application > Import Data > Import Base Station Bulk Configuration Data
(M2000 client mode), or choose LTE Application > Import Data > Import Base Station Bulk
Configuration Data (CME client mode), to import the summary data file into the CME.

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Step 5 Choose CME > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (M2000 client mode), or choose
Area Management > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (CME client mode), to export
and activate the incremental scripts.

----End

Using the CME to Perform Single Configuration


On the CME, set the parameters listed in the "Data Preparation" section for a single eNodeB.
The procedure is as follows:

Step 1 In the planned data area, click Base Station in the upper left corner of the configuration window.

Step 2 In area 1 shown in Figure 7-9, select the eNodeB to which the MOs belong.

Figure 7-9 MO search and configuration window

NOTE

l To view descriptions of the parameters in the MO, click in area 4 and press F1.
l Area 5 displays the details of a selected area-4 entry in vertical format. Click the "Details" button to
show or hide this area.

Step 3 On the Search tab page in area 2, enter an MO name, for example, CELL.

Step 4 In area 3, double-click the MO in the Object Name column. All parameters in this MO are
displayed in area 4.

Step 5 Set the parameters in area 4 or 5.

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Step 6 Choose CME > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (M2000 client mode), or choose
Area Management > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (CME client mode), to
export and activate the incremental scripts.

----End

Using MML Commands


Step 1 Run the following commands to add neighbor relationships with GERAN cells:
l ADD GERANNFREQGROUP
l ADD GERANNFREQGROUPARFCN
l ADD GERANEXTERNALCELL
l ADD GERANEXTERNALCELLPLMN
l ADD GERANNCELL

For details about parameter settings, see Mobility Management in Connected Mode Feature
Parameter Description.

Step 2 Run the MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH command to set the handover mode, handover
algorithm switches, redirection algorithm switch, and RIM procedure switch for flash CSFB to
GERAN.

Step 3 Run the MOD S1INTERFACE command to set the compliance protocol release of the MME.

Step 4 Run the MOD CSFALLBACKBLINDHOCFG command to set the blind-handover priorities
of different RATs for CSFB.

Step 5 Run the MOD INTERRATHOCOMM command to set the maximum number of neighboring
GERAN cells whose system information is sent to UEs for flash redirections.

----End

To activate adaptive blind CSFB, perform the following steps:

Step 1 Run the MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH command to turn on the blind handover switch and
adaptive blind CSFB switch.

Step 2 Run the MOD CSFALLBACKHO command to set the RSRP threshold for event A1 associated
with adaptive blind CSFB.

----End

7.4.7 Activation Observation

Signaling Observation
Enable a UE to camp on an E-UTRAN cell and make a voice call. If the call continues and the
RRC Connection Release message traced on the Uu interface carries the information about
neighboring GERAN cells, flash CSFB to GERAN has been activated successfully.

The signaling procedure for flash CSFB to GERAN is similar to that for CSFB to UTRAN
described in section 7.1.7 Activation Observation. The difference is that the RRC Connection
Release message carries the information about neighboring GERAN cells. Figure 7-10 shows
the content of the RRC Connection Release message during flash CSFB to GERAN.

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Figure 7-10 The RRC Connection Release message during flash CSFB to GERAN

MML Command Observation


Check the status of the RIM procedure towards neighboring GERAN cells by running the DSP
GERANRIMINFO command. If the ID of a neighboring GERAN cell is displayed in the
command output, the eNodeB has obtained the system information of this neighboring GERAN
cell.

Counter Observation
Observe the counter L.FlashCSFB.E2G, which indicates the number of procedures for flash
CSFB to GERAN. If the counter value is not 0, flash CSFB to GERAN has been activated.

7.4.8 Deactivation
Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration
Batch reconfiguration using the CME is the recommended method to deactivate a feature on
eNodeBs. This method reconfigures all data, except neighbor relationships, for multiple
eNodeBs in a single procedure. The procedure for feature deactivation is similar to that for
feature activation described in Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration for Existing
eNodeBs. In the procedure, modify parameters according to Table 7-19.

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Table 7-19 Parameters for deactivating flash CSFB to GERAN

MO Sheet in the Parameter Group Remarks


Summary Data
File

ENodeBAlgoSwitch User-defined sheet HoAlgoSwitch Set


GeranFlashCsfbS-
witch under the
HoAlgoSwitch
parameter to 0.

Using the CME to Perform Single Configuration


On the CME, set parameters according to Table 7-19. For detailed instructions, see Using the
CME to Perform Single Configuration described for feature activation.

Using MML Commands


To deactivate flash CSFB to GERAN, run the MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH command with
the GeranFlashCsfbSwitch(GeranFlashCsfbSwitch) check box cleared under the Handover
Algo switch parameter.

To deactivate adaptive blind CSFB, run the MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH command with
the CsfbAdaptiveBlindHoSwitch(CsfbAdaptiveBlindHoSwitch) check box cleared under the
Handover Algo switch parameter.

7.5 LOFD-001068 CS Fallback with LAI to UTRAN


This section provides engineering guidelines for LOFD-001068 CS Fallback with LAI to
UTRAN.

7.5.1 When to Use CS Fallback with LAI to UTRAN


Use LOFD-001068 CS Fallback with LAI to UTRAN when both of the following conditions
are met:

l LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to UTRAN has been enabled.


l The E-UTRAN cell has neighboring UTRAN cells that belong to different PLMNs and
supports inter-PLMN handovers, or the E-UTRAN cell has neighboring UTRAN cells that
have different location area codes (LACs).

Use LOFD-001068 CS Fallback with LAI to UTRAN also when both of the following conditions
are met:

l LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to UTRAN and LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to GERAN have


been enabled.
l The neighboring UTRAN and GERAN cells of the E-UTRAN cell have different LAIs.

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7.5.2 Required Information


l Collect information about whether LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to UTRAN has been
activated.
l Collect the operating frequencies, coverage areas, and configurations of the E-UTRAN and
UTRAN cells.
l Collect the versions and configurations of the NEs in the E-UTRAN, UTRAN, and core
networks, and ensure that they all support CSFB and the MME supports LAI delivery.
Table 7-20 describes the requirements of CSFB with LAI to UTRAN for the core networks.

Table 7-20 Requirements of CSFB with LAI to UTRAN for core networks
NE Requirement

MME Supports:
l SGs interface to the MSC
l LAI selection based on the TAI of the serving cell
l MSC-initiated paging
l PLMN selection and reselection
l Combined EPS/IMSI attach, combined EPS/IMSI detach,
and combined TAU/LAU
l CS signaling message routing
l SMS over SGs
l LAI delivery

MSC Supports:
l Combined EPS/IMSI attach
l SMS over SGs
l Paging message forwarding over the SGs interface

SGSN Does not activate ISR during the combined RAU/LAU


procedure initiated by the UE.

l Collect the following information about the UEs that support UMTS and LTE on the live
network:
Supported frequency bands
Whether the UEs support redirection from E-UTRAN to UTRAN
Whether the UEs support PS handover from E-UTRAN to UTRAN
Whether the UEs support UTRAN measurements
This information is used to configure neighboring UTRAN cells and to determine
whether to perform CSFB based on handover or redirection. For details, see Mobility
Management in Connected Mode Feature Parameter Description.

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7.5.3 Requirements
Operating Environment
For CSFB with LAI to UTRAN, the eNodeB must collaborate with core-network equipment.
l If the core-network equipment is provided by Huawei, the version must be PS9.2 or later.
l If the core-network equipment is provided by another vendor, check with the vendor
whether the equipment supports this feature. The core network must support CSFB with
LAI to UTRAN.

License
The operator has purchased and activated the license for the feature listed in Table 7-21.

Table 7-21 License information for CSFB with LAI to UTRAN

Feature ID Feature Name License NE Sales Unit


Control Item

LOFD-001068 CS Fallback CS Fallback eNodeB per cell


with LAI to with LAI to
UTRAN UTRAN

7.5.4 Data Preparation


Data preparation for activating CSFB with LAI to UTRAN is the same as that for activating
CSFB to UTRAN. For details, see 7.1.4 Data Preparation.

7.5.5 Precautions
None

7.5.6 Initial Configuration


CSFB with LAI to UTRAN is automatically activated when the following two conditions are
met:
l The license for CSFB with LAI to UTRAN has been activated.
l CSFB to UTRAN has been activated. For details about how to activate CSFB to UTRAN,
see 7.1.6 Initial Configuration.

7.5.7 Activation Observation


The activation observation procedure is as follows:

Step 1 Configure two neighboring UTRAN cells with different LAIs for an E-UTRAN cell, and enable
the MME to include only one of the two LAIs in the instructions that will be delivered to the
eNodeB in Step 3 and Step 4.
Step 2 Ensure that the signal strengths of the two UTRAN cells both reach the threshold for event B1.

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You can query the threshold by running the LST INTERRATHOUTRANGROUP command.

Step 3 Enable a UE to camp on the E-UTRAN cell and make a voice call.

Step 4 Enable the UE to camp on the E-UTRAN cell and receive a voice call. If the calls continue until
they are ended, CSFB with LAI to UTRAN takes effect. You can observe the signaling procedure
for CSFB with LAI to UTRAN, which is similar to that for CSFB to UTRAN described in 7.1.7
Activation Observation The difference is that the Initial Context Setup Request message carries
the LAI that the MME delivers to the eNodeB.

----End

7.5.8 Deactivation
CSFB with LAI to UTRAN is automatically deactivated when its license or CSFB to UTRAN
is deactivated. For details about how to deactivate CSFB to UTRAN, see 7.1.8 Deactivation.

7.6 LOFD-001069 CS Fallback with LAI to GERAN


This section provides engineering guidelines for LOFD-001069 CS Fallback with LAI to
GERAN.

7.6.1 When to Use CS Fallback with LAI to GERAN


Use LOFD-001069 CS Fallback with LAI to GERAN when both of the following conditions
are met:

l LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to GERAN has been enabled.


l The E-UTRAN cell has neighboring GERAN cells that belong to different PLMNs and
supports inter-PLMN handovers, or the E-UTRAN cell has neighboring GERAN cells that
have different LACs.

Use LOFD-001069 CS Fallback with LAI to GERAN also when both of the following conditions
are met:

l LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to UTRAN and LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to GERAN have


been enabled.
l The neighboring UTRAN and GERAN cells of the E-UTRAN cell have different LAIs.

7.6.2 Required Information


l Collect information about whether LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to GERAN has been
activated.
l Collect the operating frequencies, coverage areas, and configurations of the E-UTRAN and
GERAN cells. Information about coverage areas includes engineering parameters of sites
(such as latitude and longitude), TX power of cell reference signals (RSs), and neighbor
relationship configurations.
l Collect the versions and configurations of the NEs in the E-UTRAN, GERAN, and core
networks, and ensure that they all support CSFB and the MME supports LAI delivery.
Table 7-22 describes the requirements of CSFB with LAI to GERAN for the core networks.

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Table 7-22 Requirements of CSFB with LAI to GERAN for core networks

NE Requirement

MME Supports:
l SGs interface to the MSC
l LAI selection based on the TAI of the
serving cell
l MSC-initiated paging
l PLMN selection and reselection
l Combined EPS/IMSI attach, combined
EPS/IMSI detach, and combined TAU/
LAU
l CS signaling message routing
l SMS over SGs
l LAI delivery

MSC Supports:
l Combined EPS/IMSI attach
l SMS over SGs
l Paging message forwarding over the
SGs interface

SGSN Does not activate ISR during the combined


RAU/LAU procedure initiated by the UE.

l Collect the following information about the UEs that support GSM and LTE on the live
network:
Supported frequency bands
Whether the UEs support redirection from E-UTRAN to GERAN
Whether the UEs support PS handover from E-UTRAN to GERAN
Whether the UEs support GERAN measurements
This information is used to configure neighboring GERAN cells and to determine
whether to perform CSFB based on handover or redirection. For details, see Mobility
Management in Connected Mode Feature Parameter Description.

7.6.3 Requirements

Operating Environment
For this feature, the eNodeB must collaborate with core-network equipment.

l If the core-network equipment is provided by Huawei, the version must be PS9.2 or later.
l If the core-network equipment is provided by another vendor, check with the vendor
whether the equipment supports this feature. The core network must support CSFB with
LAI to GERAN.

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License
The operator has purchased and activated the license for the feature listed in Table 7-23.

Table 7-23 License information for CSFB with LAI to GERAN

Feature ID Feature Name License NE Sales Unit


Control Item

LOFD-001069 CS Fallback CS Fallback eNodeB per RRC


with LAI to with LAI to Connected User
GERAN GERAN

7.6.4 Data Preparation


Data preparation for activating CSFB with LAI to GERAN is the same as that for activating
CSFB to GERAN. For details, see 7.2.4 Data Preparation.

7.6.5 Precautions
None

7.6.6 Initial Configuration


CSFB with LAI to GERAN is automatically activated when the following two conditions are
met:

l The license for CSFB with LAI to GERAN has been activated.
l CSFB to GERAN has been activated. For details about how to activate CSFB to GERAN,
see 7.2.6 Initial Configuration.

7.6.7 Activation Observation


The activation observation procedure is as follows:

Step 1 Configure two neighboring GERAN cells with different LAIs for an E-UTRAN cell, and enable
the MME to include only one of the two LAIs in the instructions that will be delivered to the
eNodeB in Step 3 and Step 4.

Step 2 Ensure that the signal strengths of the two GERAN cells both reach the threshold for event B1.

You can query the threshold by running the LST INTERRATHOGERANGROUP command.

Step 3 Enable a UE to camp on the E-UTRAN cell and make a voice call.

Step 4 Enable the UE to camp on the E-UTRAN cell and receive a voice call. If the calls continue until
they are ended, CSFB with LAI to GERAN takes effect. You can observe the signaling procedure
for CSFB with LAI to GERAN, which is similar to that for CSFB to UTRAN described in 7.1.7
Activation Observation The difference is that the Initial Context Setup Request message carries
the LAI that the MME delivers to the eNodeB.

----End

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7.6.8 Deactivation
CSFB with LAI to GERAN is automatically deactivated when its license or CSFB to GERAN
is deactivated. For details about how to deactivate CSFB to GERAN, see 7.2.8 Deactivation.

7.7 LOFD-001078 E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering


This section provides engineering guidelines for LOFD-001078 E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS
Steering.

7.7.1 When to Use E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering


Use LOFD-001078 E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering when all of the following conditions
are met:

l LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to UTRAN and LOFD-001019 PS Inter-RAT Mobility


between E-UTRAN and UTRAN have been activated.
l The operator owns multiple UTRAN frequencies.
l The operator wants to divert CS or PS services to specific UTRAN frequencies based on
the network plan and loads.

7.7.2 Required Information


l Determine whether LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to UTRAN and LOFD-001019 PS Inter-
RAT Mobility between E-UTRAN and UTRAN have been activated.
l Collect the following information about UEs that support UMTS and LTE on the live
network: Supported frequency bands
Whether the UEs support redirection from E-UTRAN to UTRAN
Whether the UEs support PS handover from E-UTRAN to UTRAN
Whether the UEs support UTRAN measurements
This information is used to configure neighboring UTRAN cells and to determine
whether to perform CSFB based on handover or redirection. For details, see Mobility
Management in Connected Mode Feature Parameter Description.
l Collect the operating frequencies and frequency policies of the E-UTRAN and UTRAN.
It is recommended that the frequency policies for UTRAN and E-UTRAN be the same. For
example, if F1 is the preferred frequency for voice services on UTRAN, the same
configuration is recommended for E-UTRAN.

Collect the configurations and versions of E-UTRAN and UTRAN equipment to check whether
CSFB is supported.

7.7.3 Requirements

Requirements for the Operating Environment


For E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering, the eNodeB must collaborate with the core-network
equipment which supports CS Fallback to UTRAN.

l If the core-network equipment is provided by Huawei, the version must be SAE1.2 or later.

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l If the core-network equipment is provided by another vendor, ask the vendor whether the
equipment supports CS Fallback to UTRAN.

Requirements for Licenses


Operators must purchase and activate the following license.

Table 7-24 License control item for E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering
Feature License Control Item Name

LOFD-001078 E-UTRAN to E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering


UTRAN CS/PS Steering

7.7.4 Data Preparation


This section describes the data that you need to collect for setting parameters. Required data is
data that you must collect for all scenarios. Collect scenario-specific data when necessary for a
specific feature deployment scenario.
There are three types of data sources:
l Network plan (negotiation required): parameter values planned by the operator and
negotiated with the EPC or peer transmission equipment
l Network plan (negotiation not required): parameter values planned and set by the operator
l User-defined: parameter values set by users

Generic Data
Generic data preparation for LOFD-001078 E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering is the same
as for LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to UTRAN. For details, see 7.1.4 Data Preparation.

Scenario-specific Data
The following table describes the parameter that must be set in the ENodeBAlgoSwitch MO to
enable E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering.

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Parameter Name Parameter ID Source Setting


Description

Frequency Layer ENodeBAlgoSwitc Network plan When CSFB to


Switch h.FreqLayerSwtich (negotiation not UTRAN and PS
required) inter-RAT mobility
between E-UTRAN
and UTRAN have
been configured, set
this parameter as
follows:
l Select the
UtranFreqLaye
rMeasSwitch
(UtranFreqLaye
rMeasSwitch)
check box to
enable
measurement-
based handover
for E-UTRAN to
UTRAN CS/PS
Steering.
l Select the
UtranFreqLaye
rBlindSwitch
(UtranFreqLaye
rBlindSwitch)
check box to
enable blind
handover for E-
UTRAN to
UTRAN CS/PS
Steering.
The two check
boxes can be
simultaneously
selected.

The following table describes the parameter that must be set in a UtranNFreq MO to set the
CS service priority for a UTRAN frequency.

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Parameter Name Parameter ID Source Setting


Description

CS service priority UtranNFreq. Network plan Set this parameter


CsPriority (negotiation not based on the network
required) plan. This parameter
specifies the CS
service priority for
the UTRAN
frequency.

7.7.5 Precautions
None

7.7.6 Initial Configuration


Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration for Newly Deployed eNodeBs
Enter the values of the parameters listed in Table 7-25 in a summary data file, which also contains
other data for the new eNodeBs to be deployed. Then, import the summary data file into the
Configuration Management Express (CME) for batch configuration. For detailed instructions,
see section "Creating eNodeBs in Batches" in the initial configuration guide for the eNodeB.
The summary data file may be a scenario-specific file provided by the CME or a customized
file, depending on the following conditions:
l The managed objects (MOs) in Table 7-25 are contained in a scenario-specific summary
data file. In this situation, set the parameters in the MOs, and then verify and save the file.
l Some MOs in Table 7-25 are not contained in a scenario-specific summary data file. In
this situation, customize a summary data file to include the MOs before you can set the
parameters.

Table 7-25 Parameters for activating E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering


MO Sheet in the Parameter Group Remarks
Summary Data
File

ENodeBAlgoSwitc ENodeBAlgoSwitc FreqLayerSwitch None


h h

UtranNFreq UtranNFreq CsPriority None

Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration for Existing eNodeBs


Batch reconfiguration using the CME is the recommended method to activate a feature on
existing eNodeBs. This method reconfigures all data, except neighbor relationships, for multiple
eNodeBs in a single procedure. The procedure is as follows:

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Step 1 Choose CME > Advanced > Customize Summary Data File (M2000 client mode), or choose
Advanced > Customize Summary Data File (CME client mode), to customize a summary data
file for batch reconfiguration.
NOTE

For context-sensitive help on a current task in the client, press F1.

Step 2 Choose CME > LTE Application > Export Data > Export Base Station Bulk Configuration Data
(M2000 client mode), or choose Advanced > Base Station Bulk Configuration > Export Data
(CME client mode), to export the eNodeB data stored on the CME into the customized summary
data file.
Step 3 In the summary data file, set the parameters in the MOs listed in Table 7-25 and close the file.
Step 4 Choose CME > LTE Application > Import Data > Import Base Station Bulk Configuration Data
(M2000 client mode), or choose LTE Application > Import Data > Import Base Station Bulk
Configuration Data (CME client mode), to import the summary data file into the CME.
Step 5 Choose CME > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (M2000 client mode), or choose
Area Management > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (CME client mode), to export
and activate the incremental scripts.
----End

Using the CME to Perform Single Configuration


On the CME, set the parameters listed in the "Data Preparation" section for a single eNodeB.
The procedure is as follows:
Step 1 In the planned data area, click Base Station in the upper left corner of the configuration window.
Step 2 In area 1 shown in Figure 7-11, select the eNodeB to which the MOs belong.

Figure 7-11 MO search and configuration window

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NOTE

l To view descriptions of the parameters in the MO, click in area 4 and press F1.
l Area 5 displays the details of a selected area-4 entry in vertical format. Click the "Details" button to
show or hide this area.

Step 3 On the Search tab page in area 2, enter an MO name, for example, CELL.
Step 4 In area 3, double-click the MO in the Object Name column. All parameters in this MO are
displayed in area 4.
Step 5 Set the parameters in area 4 or 5.
Step 6 Choose CME > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (M2000 client mode), or choose
Area Management > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (CME client mode), to
export and activate the incremental scripts.

----End

Using MML Commands


Step 1 Run the MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH command with UtranFreqLayerMeasSwitch
(UtranFreqLayerMeasSwitch), UtranFreqLayerBlindSwitch
(UtranFreqLayerBlindSwitch), or both selected under the Frequency Layer Switch
parameter.
Step 2 Run the MOD UTRANNFREQ command to set CS service priorities for UTRAN frequencies.

----End

7.7.7 Activation Observation


The activation observation procedure is as follows:

Step 1 Verify that the UE supports CSFB and multiple UTRAN frequencies are available.
Step 2 Enable measurement-based and blind handover for E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering. Set
a high PS service priority for UTRAN frequency F1 and a high CS service priority for UTRAN
frequency F2.
Step 3 Have the UE camp on an LTE cell and initiate a voice call in the cell.
The expected result is that the UE falls back to the UTRAN cell operating on F2.
Step 4 Have the UE camp on the LTE cell and initiate PS services. Move the UE to the LTE cell edge.
The expected result is that the UE is handed over to the UTRAN cell operating on F1.

----End

7.7.8 Deactivation
Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration
Batch reconfiguration using the CME is the recommended method to deactivate a feature on
eNodeBs. This method reconfigures all data, except neighbor relationships, for multiple
eNodeBs in a single procedure. The procedure for feature deactivation is similar to that for

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feature activation described in Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration for Existing
eNodeBs. In the procedure, modify parameters according to Table 7-26.

Table 7-26 Parameters for deactivating E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/PS Steering

MO Sheet in the Parameter Remarks


Summary Group
Data File

ENodeBAl User-defined FreqLayerS To deactivate E-UTRAN to UTRAN CS/


goSwitch sheet wtich PS Steering set UtranFreqLayerMeasS-
witch under the FreqLayerSwtich
parameter to 0.
To deactivate only blind E-UTRAN to
UTRAN CS/PS Steering set
UtranFreqLayerBlindSwitch under the
FreqLayerSwtich parameter to 0.
To deactivate only SRVCC E-UTRAN to
UTRAN CS/PS Steering set
UtranSrvccSteeringSwitch under the
FreqLayerSwtich parameter to 0.

Using the CME to Perform Single Configuration


On the CME, set parameters according to Table 7-26. For detailed instructions, see Using the
CME to Perform Single Configuration described for feature activation.

Using MML Commands


Run the MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH command with the check boxes under the
Frequency Layer Switch parameter cleared.

7.8 LOFD-001088 CS Fallback Steering to UTRAN


This section provides engineering guidelines for LOFD-001088 CS Fallback Steering to
UTRAN.

7.8.1 When to Use CS Fallback Steering to UTRAN


Use LOFD-001088 CS Fallback Steering to UTRAN to improve the network efficiency and user
experience when both of the following conditions are met:

l LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to UTRAN has been activated.


l An operator owns multiple UTRAN frequencies or the operator has different handover
policies for CS-only services and combined CS+PS services.

If the operator owns both UTRAN and GERAN, you can also activate LOFD-001089 CS
Fallback Steering to GERAN to improve the network efficiency.

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7.8.2 Required Information


l Collect information about whether LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to UTRAN has been
activated.
l Collect the following information about the UEs that support UMTS and LTE on the live
network:
Supported frequency bands
Whether the UEs support redirection from E-UTRAN to UTRAN
Whether the UEs support PS handover from E-UTRAN to UTRAN
Whether the UEs support UTRAN measurements
This information is used to configure neighboring UTRAN cells and to determine
whether to perform CSFB based on handover or redirection. For details, see Mobility
Management in Connected Mode Feature Parameter Description.
l Collect information about the frequencies and frequency policies of the UTRAN. It is
recommended that frequency policies be the same for UTRAN and E-UTRAN. For
example, if F1 is the preferred frequency for voice services on UTRAN, the same
configuration is recommended for E-UTRAN.
l If LOFD-001089 CS Fallback Steering to GERAN is also to be activated, consider the
GERAN frequencies when making frequency policies.

7.8.3 Requirements
Operating Environment
For CSFB steering to UTRAN, the eNodeB must collaborate with core-network equipment.
l If the core-network equipment is provided by Huawei, the version must be SAE1.2 or later.
l If the core-network equipment is provided by another vendor, check with the vendor
whether the equipment supports this feature. The core network must support CSFB steering
to UTRAN.

License
The operator has purchased and activated the license for the feature listed in Table 7-27.

Table 7-27 License information for CSFB steering to UTRAN


Feature ID Feature Name License NE Sales Unit
Control Item

LOFD-001088 CS Fallback CS Fallback eNodeB per RRC


Steering to Steering to Connected User
UTRAN UTRAN

7.8.4 Data Preparation


This section describes the data that you need to collect for setting parameters. Required data is
data that you must collect for all scenarios. Collect scenario-specific data when necessary for a
specific feature deployment scenario.

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There are three types of data sources:


l Network plan (negotiation required): parameter values planned by the operator and
negotiated with the EPC or peer transmission equipment
l Network plan (negotiation not required): parameter values planned and set by the operator
l User-defined: parameter values set by users

Required Data
Required data preparation for CSFB steering to UTRAN is the same as that for CSFB to UTRAN.
For details, see 7.1.4 Data Preparation.

Scenario-specific Data
The following table describes the parameter that must be set in the ENodeBAlgoSwitch MO to
enable CSFB steering to UTRAN.

Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

Handover Algo ENodeBAlgoSwitc Network plan Select the


switch h.HoAlgoSwitch (negotiation not UtranCsfbSteer-
required) ingSwitch
(UtranCsfbSteer-
ingSwitch) check
box under this
parameter.

The following table describes the parameters that must be set in the CSFallBackBlindHoCfg
MO to set RAT priorities for CSFB triggered for RRC_CONNECTED UEs.

Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

CN Operator ID CSFallBackBlind- Network plan Set this parameter


HoCfg. (negotiation not based on the network
CnOperatorId required) plan. This parameter
identifies the
operator whose RAT
blind-handover
priorities are to be
set.

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Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

Highest priority CSFallBackBlind- Network plan Set this parameter


InterRat HoCfg. (negotiation not based on the network
InterRatHighestPri required) plan. This parameter
is set to UTRAN by
default and specifies
the high-priority
RAT to be
considered in blind
handovers for CSFB.
For CSFB steering to
UTRAN, retain the
default value.

Second priority CSFallBackBlind- Network plan Set this parameter


InterRat HoCfg. (negotiation not based on the network
InterRatSecondPri required) plan. This parameter
is set to GERAN by
default and specifies
the second-highest-
priority RAT to be
considered in blind
handovers for CSFB.
Ensure that this
parameter is set to a
different value from
the
CSFallBackBlind-
HoCfg.InterRatHig
hestPri and
CSFallBackBlind-
HoCfg.InterRatLow
estPri parameters.

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Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

Lowest priority CSFallBackBlind- Network plan Set this parameter


InterRat HoCfg. (negotiation not based on the network
InterRatLowestPri required) plan. This parameter
is set to CDMA2000
by default and
specifies the low-
priority RAT to be
considered in blind
handovers for CSFB.
Ensure that this
parameter is set to a
different value from
the
CSFallBackBlind-
HoCfg.InterRatHig
hestPri and
CSFallBackBlind-
HoCfg.InterRatSec
ondPri parameters.

UTRAN LCS CSFallBackBlind- Network plan Set this parameter


capability HoCfg. (negotiation not based on the network
UtranLcsCap required) plan. This parameter
specifies the LCS
capability of the
UTRAN.

The following table describes the parameters that must be set in the CSFallBackBlindHoCfg
MO to set RAT priorities for CSFB triggered for RRC_IDLE UEs.

Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

CSFB Highest CSFallBackBlind- Network plan Set this parameter


priority InterRat for HoCfg. (negotiation not based on the network
Idle UE IdleCsfbHighestPri required) plan. This parameter
is set to UTRAN by
default and specifies
the high-priority
RAT to be
considered in CSFB
for UEs in idle mode.
For CSFB steering to
UTRAN, retain the
default value.

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Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

CSFB Second CSFallBackBlind- Network plan Set this parameter


priority InterRat for HoCfg. (negotiation not based on the network
Idle UE IdleCsfbSecondPri required) plan. This parameter
is set to GERAN by
default and specifies
the second-highest-
priority RAT to be
considered in CSFB
for UEs in idle mode.
Ensure that this
parameter is set to a
different value from
the
CSFallBackBlind-
HoCfg.IdleCsfbHig
hestPri and
CSFallBackBlind-
HoCfg.IdleCsfbLow
estPri parameters.

CSFB Lowest CSFallBackBlind- Network plan Set this parameter


priority InterRat for HoCfg. (negotiation not based on the network
Idle UE IdleCsfbLowestPri required) plan. This parameter
is set to CDMA2000
by default and
specifies the low-
priority RAT to be
considered in CSFB
for UEs in idle mode.
Ensure that this
parameter is set to a
different value from
the
CSFallBackBlind-
HoCfg.IdleCsfbHig
hestPri and
CSFallBackBlind-
HoCfg.IdleCsfbSec
ondPri parameters.

The following table describes the parameter that must be set in the UtranNFreq MO to set the
CS service priority of a neighboring UTRAN frequency considered for RRC_IDLE UEs.

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Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

CS service priority UtranNFreq. Network plan Set this parameter


CsPriority (negotiation not based on the network
required) plan. Priority_0
(Priority 0) indicates
that the eNodeB will
not select the
UTRAN frequency
for UEs. Priority_16
(Priority 16) and
Priority_1(Priority
1) indicate the
highest and lowest
priorities,
respectively.
You are advised to
assign high priorities
to UTRAN
frequencies with
good signal qualities.

The following table describes the parameter that must be set in the UtranNFreq MO to set the
CS+PS combined service priority of a neighboring UTRAN frequency for RRC_CONNECTED
UEs.

Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

CS and PS mixed UtranNFreq. Network plan Set this parameter


priority CsPsMixedPriority (negotiation not based on the network
required) plan. Priority_0
(Priority 0) indicates
that the eNodeB will
not select the
UTRAN frequency
for UEs. Priority_16
(Priority 16) and
Priority_1(Priority
1) indicate the
highest and lowest
priorities,
respectively.
You are advised to
assign high priorities
to UTRAN
frequencies with
good signal qualities.

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The following table describes the parameter that must be set in the CSFallBackPolicyCfg MO
to set the CSFB policy for RRC_CONNECTED UEs.

Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

CSFB handover CSFallBackPoli- Network plan Set this parameter


policy Configuration cyCfg. (negotiation not based on the network
CsfbHoPolicyCfg required) plan. The default
values are
REDIRECTION,
CCO_HO, and
PS_HO. You are
advised to set this
parameter based on
the UE capabilities
and network
capabilities.
NOTE
If none of the three
options is selected, the
eNodeB does not
perform CSFB for a
UE until the CSFB
protection timer
expires. Then the
eNodeB performs a
blind redirection for
the UE.
CCO_HO applies
only to CSFB to
GERAN.

The following table describes the parameter that must be set in the CSFallBackPolicyCfg MO
to set the CSFB policy for RRC_IDLE UEs.

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Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

CSFB handover CSFallBackPoli- Network plan Set this parameter


policy Configuration cyCfg. (negotiation not based on the network
for idle ue IdleModeCsfbHo- required) plan. The default
PolicyCfg values are
REDIRECTION,
CCO_HO, and
PS_HO. You are
advised to set this
parameter based on
the UE capabilities
and network
capabilities.
NOTE
If none of the three
options is selected, the
eNodeB does not
perform CSFB for a
UE until the CSFB
protection timer
expires. Then the
eNodeB performs a
blind redirection for
the UE.
CCO_HO applies
only to CSFB to
GERAN.

7.8.5 Precautions
None

7.8.6 Initial Configuration

Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration for Newly Deployed eNodeBs
Enter the values of the parameters listed in Table 7-28 in a summary data file, which also contains
other data for the new eNodeBs to be deployed. Then, import the summary data file into the
Configuration Management Express (CME) for batch configuration. For detailed instructions,
see section "Creating eNodeBs in Batches" in the initial configuration guide for the eNodeB.

The summary data file may be a scenario-specific file provided by the CME or a customized
file, depending on the following conditions:

l The managed objects (MOs) in Table 7-28 are contained in a scenario-specific summary
data file. In this situation, set the parameters in the MOs, and then verify and save the file.
l Some MOs in Table 7-28 are not contained in a scenario-specific summary data file. In
this situation, customize a summary data file to include the MOs before you can set the
parameters.

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Table 7-28 Parameters for activating CSFB steering to UTRAN

MO Sheet in the Parameter Group Remarks


Summary Data
File

ENodeBAlgoSwitc User-defined sheet HoAlgoSwitch, None


h UtranCsfbSteer-
ingSwitch

CSFallBackBlind- User-defined sheet CnOperatorId, None


HoCfg InterRatHighestPri,
InterRatSecondPri,
InterRatLowestPri,
IdleCsfbHighest-
Pri,
IdleCsfbSecondPri,
IdleCsfbLowestPri

UTRANNFREQ User-defined sheet CsPriority, None


CsPsMixedPriority

CSFallBackPoli- User-defined sheet CsfbHoPolicyCfg, None


cyCfg IdleModeCsfbHo-
PolicyCfg

Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration for Existing eNodeBs


Batch reconfiguration using the CME is the recommended method to activate a feature on
existing eNodeBs. This method reconfigures all data, except neighbor relationships, for multiple
eNodeBs in a single procedure. The procedure is as follows:

Step 1 Choose CME > Advanced > Customize Summary Data File (M2000 client mode), or choose
Advanced > Customize Summary Data File (CME client mode), to customize a summary data
file for batch reconfiguration.
NOTE

For context-sensitive help on a current task in the client, press F1.

Step 2 Choose CME > LTE Application > Export Data > Export Base Station Bulk Configuration Data
(M2000 client mode), or choose Advanced > Base Station Bulk Configuration > Export Data
(CME client mode), to export the eNodeB data stored on the CME into the customized summary
data file.

Step 3 In the summary data file, set the parameters in the MOs listed in Table 7-28 and close the file.

Step 4 Choose CME > LTE Application > Import Data > Import Base Station Bulk Configuration Data
(M2000 client mode), or choose LTE Application > Import Data > Import Base Station Bulk
Configuration Data (CME client mode), to import the summary data file into the CME.

Step 5 Choose CME > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (M2000 client mode), or choose
Area Management > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (CME client mode), to export
and activate the incremental scripts.

----End

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Using the CME to Perform Single Configuration


On the CME, set the parameters listed in the "Data Preparation" section for a single eNodeB.
The procedure is as follows:

Step 1 In the planned data area, click Base Station in the upper left corner of the configuration window.

Step 2 In area 1 shown in Figure 7-12, select the eNodeB to which the MOs belong.

Figure 7-12 MO search and configuration window

NOTE

l To view descriptions of the parameters in the MO, click in area 4 and press F1.
l Area 5 displays the details of a selected area-4 entry in vertical format. Click the "Details" button to
show or hide this area.

Step 3 On the Search tab page in area 2, enter an MO name, for example, CELL.

Step 4 In area 3, double-click the MO in the Object Name column. All parameters in this MO are
displayed in area 4.

Step 5 Set the parameters in area 4 or 5.

Step 6 Choose CME > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (M2000 client mode), or choose
Area Management > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (CME client mode), to
export and activate the incremental scripts.

----End

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Using MML Commands


Before activating CSFB steering to UTRAN, you must complete the initial configuration for
CSFB to UTRAN. For details about the initial configuration procedure, see section 7.1.6 Initial
Configuration.
Perform the following steps to activate CSFB steering to UTRAN:
Step 1 Run the MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH command with the UtranCsfbSteeringSwitch
(UtranCsfbSteeringSwitch) check box selected under the Handover Algo switch parameter.
Step 2 Run the MOD CSFALLBACKBLINDHOCFG command to set RAT priorities for CSFB
triggered for RRC_CONNECTED and RRC_IDLE UEs.
Step 3 Run the MOD UTRANNFREQ command to set CS service priorities and CS+PS combined
service priorities for UTRAN frequencies.
Step 4 Run the MOD CSFALLBACKPOLICYCFG command to set CSFB policies for
RRC_CONNECTED and RRC_IDLE UEs.
----End

7.8.7 Activation Observation


The activation observation procedure for CSFB steering to UTRAN is as follows:
Step 1 Check that the UE supports redirection-based CSFB and handover-based CSFB.
Step 2 Set CSFB policies for RRC_IDLE UEs and RRC_CONNECTED UEs to redirection and
handover, respectively.
Step 3 Enable the UE to initiate a voice call in idle mode and in connected mode.
Step 4 Observe the counters L.CSFB.E2W, L.RRCRedirection.E2W.CSFB, and
L.IRATHO.E2W.CSFB.ExecAttOut. If the values of the counters increase by 2, 1, and 1,
respectively, CSFB steering to UTRAN has been activated.
----End
If CSFB steering to GERAN has also been activated, the activation observation procedure is as
follows:
Step 1 Check that the UE supports CSFB to GERAN and CSFB to UTRAN.
Step 2 Set GERAN as the highest-priority RAT for CSFB triggered for RRC_IDLE UEs and UTRAN
as the highest-priority RAT for CSFB triggered for RRC_CONNECTED UEs.
Step 3 Enable the UE to initiate a voice call in idle mode and in connected mode.
Step 4 Observe the counters L.CSFB.E2W and L.CSFB.E2G. If both the values increase by 1, both
CSFB steering to UTRAN and CSFB steering to GERAN have been activated.
----End

7.8.8 Deactivation
Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration
Batch reconfiguration using the CME is the recommended method to deactivate a feature on
eNodeBs. This method reconfigures all data, except neighbor relationships, for multiple

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eNodeBs in a single procedure. The procedure for feature deactivation is similar to that for
feature activation described in Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration for Existing
eNodeBs. In the procedure, modify parameters according to Table 7-29.

Table 7-29 Parameters for deactivating CSFB steering to UTRAN

MO Sheet in the Parameter Group Remarks


Summary Data
File

ENodeBAlgoSwitch User-defined sheet HoAlgoSwitch Set


UtranCsfbSteer-
ingSwitch under the
HoAlgoSwitch
parameter to 0.

Using the CME to Perform Single Configuration


On the CME, set parameters according to Table 7-29. For detailed instructions, see Using the
CME to Perform Single Configuration described for feature activation.

Using MML Commands


Run the MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH command with the UtranCsfbSteeringSwitch
(UtranCsfbSteeringSwitch) check box cleared under the Handover Algo switch parameter.

7.9 LOFD-001089 CS Fallback Steering to GERAN


This section provides engineering guidelines for LOFD-001089 CS Fallback Steering to
GERAN.

7.9.1 When to Use CS Fallback Steering to GERAN


Use LOFD-001089 CS Fallback Steering to GERAN to improve the network efficiency and user
experience when both of the following conditions are met:

l LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to GERAN has been activated.


l An operator has different handover policies for CS-only services and combined CS+PS
services.
If the operator owns both UTRAN and GERAN, you can also activate LOFD-001088 CS
Fallback Steering to UTRAN to improve the network efficiency.

7.9.2 Required Information


l Collect information about whether LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to GERAN has been
activated.
l Collect the following information about the UEs that support GSM and LTE on the live
network:
Supported frequency bands

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Whether the UEs support redirection from E-UTRAN to GERAN


Whether the UEs support PS handover from E-UTRAN to GERAN
Whether the UEs support CCO from E-UTRAN to GERAN
Whether the UEs support GERAN measurements
This information is used to configure neighboring GERAN cells and to determine
whether to perform CSFB based on handover or redirection. For details, see Mobility
Management in Connected Mode Feature Parameter Description.
l Collect information about the frequencies and frequency policies of the GERAN. The same
configuration is recommended for GERAN and E-UTRAN.
l If LOFD-001088 CS Fallback Steering to UTRAN is also to be activated, consider the
UTRAN frequencies when making frequency policies.

7.9.3 Requirements

Operating Environment
For CSFB steering to GERAN, the eNodeB must collaborate with core-network equipment.

l If the core-network equipment is provided by Huawei, the version must be SAE1.2 or later.
l If the core-network equipment is provided by another vendor, check with the vendor
whether the equipment supports this feature. The core network must support CSFB steering
to GERAN.

License
The operator has purchased and activated the license for the feature listed in Table 7-30.

Table 7-30 License information for CSFB steering to GERAN

Feature ID Feature Name License NE Sales Unit


Control Item

LOFD-001089 CS Fallback CS Fallback eNodeB per RRC


Steering to Steering to Connected User
GERAN GERAN

7.9.4 Data Preparation


This section describes the data that you need to collect for setting parameters. Required data is
data that you must collect for all scenarios. Collect scenario-specific data when necessary for a
specific feature deployment scenario.

There are three types of data sources:

l Network plan (negotiation required): parameter values planned by the operator and
negotiated with the EPC or peer transmission equipment
l Network plan (negotiation not required): parameter values planned and set by the operator
l User-defined: parameter values set by users

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Required Data
Required data preparation for CSFB steering to GERAN is the same as that for CSFB to GERAN.
For details, see section 7.2.4 Data Preparation.

Scenario-specific Data
The following table describes the parameter that must be set in the ENodeBAlgoSwitch MO to
enable CSFB steering to GERAN.

Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

Handover Algo ENodeBAlgoSwitc Network plan Select the


switch h.HoAlgoSwitch (negotiation not GeranCsfbSteer-
required) ingSwitch
(GeranCsfbSteer-
ingSwitch) check
box under this
parameter.

The following table describes the parameters that must be set in the CSFallBackBlindHoCfg
MO to set RAT priorities for CSFB triggered for RRC_CONNECTED UEs.

Paramete Parameter ID Data Setting Notes


r Name Source

CN CSFallBackBl Network Set this parameter based on the network plan.


Operator indHoCfg. plan This parameter identifies the operator whose
ID CnOperatorId (negotiation RAT blind-handover priorities are to be set.
not
required)

Highest CSFallBackBl Network Set this parameter based on the network plan.
priority indHoCfg. plan This parameter is set to UTRAN by default
InterRat InterRatHighe (negotiation and specifies the high-priority RAT to be
stPri not considered in blind handovers for CSFB. For
required) CSFB steering to GERAN, set this parameter
to GERAN.

Second CSFallBackBl Network Set this parameter based on the network plan.
priority indHoCfg. plan This parameter is set to GERAN by default
InterRat InterRatSecon (negotiation and specifies the second-highest-priority RAT
dPri not to be considered in blind handovers for CSFB.
required) Ensure that this parameter is set to a different
value from the
CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.InterRatHighest-
Pri and
CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.InterRatLowest-
Pri parameters.

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Paramete Parameter ID Data Setting Notes


r Name Source

Lowest CSFallBackBl Network Set this parameter based on the network plan.
priority indHoCfg. plan This parameter is set to CDMA2000 by
InterRat InterRatLowe (negotiation default and specifies the low-priority RAT to
stPri not be considered in blind handovers for CSFB.
required) Ensure that this parameter is set to a different
value from the
CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.InterRatHighest-
Pri and
CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.InterRatSecond-
Pri parameters.

GERAN CSFallBackBl Network Set this parameter based on the network plan.
LCS indHoCfg. plan This parameter specifies the LCS capability of
capability GeranLcsCap (negotiation the GERAN.
not
required)

The following table describes the parameters that must be set in the CSFallBackBlindHoCfg
MO to set RAT priorities for CSFB triggered for RRC_IDLE UEs.

Parameter Paramet Data Setting Notes


Name er ID Source

CSFB CSFallB Network plan Set this parameter based on the network plan. This
Highest ackBlin (negotiation parameter is set to UTRAN by default and
priority dHoCfg. not required) specifies the high-priority RAT to be considered
InterRat for IdleCsfb in CSFB for UEs in idle mode. For CSFB steering
Idle UE Highest to GERAN, set this parameter to GERAN.
Pri

CSFB CSFallB Network plan Set this parameter based on the network plan. This
Second ackBlin (negotiation parameter is set to GERAN by default and
priority dHoCfg. not required) specifies the second-highest-priority RAT to be
InterRat for IdleCsfb considered in CSFB for UEs in idle mode. Ensure
Idle UE SecondP that this parameter is set to a different value from
ri the CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.IdleCsfbHighest-
Pri and CSFallBackBlind-
HoCfg.IdleCsfbLowestPri parameters.

CSFB CSFallB Network plan Set this parameter based on the network plan. This
Lowest ackBlin (negotiation parameter is set to CDMA2000 by default and
priority dHoCfg. not required) specifies the low-priority RAT to be considered in
InterRat for IdleCsfb CSFB for UEs in idle mode. Ensure that this
Idle UE LowestP parameter is set to a different value from the
ri CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.IdleCsfbHighestPri
and CSFallBackBlindHoCfg.IdleCsfbSecond-
Pri parameters.

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The following table describes the parameter that must be set in the CSFallBackPolicyCfg MO
to set the CSFB policy for RRC_CONNECTED UEs.

Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

CSFB handover CSFallBackPoli- Network plan Set this parameter


policy Configuration cyCfg. (negotiation not based on the network
CsfbHoPolicyCfg required) plan. The default
values are
REDIRECTION,
CCO_HO, and
PS_HO. You are
advised to set this
parameter based on
the UE capabilities
and network
capabilities.
NOTE
If none of the three
options is selected, the
eNodeB does not
perform CSFB for a
UE until the CSFB
protection timer
expires. Then the
eNodeB performs a
blind redirection for
the UE.

The following table describes the parameter that must be set in the CSFallBackPolicyCfg MO
to set the CSFB policy for RRC_IDLE UEs.

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Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

CSFB handover CSFallBackPoli- Network plan Set this parameter


policy Configuration cyCfg. (negotiation not based on the network
for idle ue IdleModeCsfbHo- required) plan. The default
PolicyCfg values are
REDIRECTION,
CCO_HO, and
PS_HO. You are
advised to set this
parameter based on
the UE capabilities
and network
capabilities.
NOTE
If none of the three
options is selected, the
eNodeB does not
perform CSFB for a
UE until the CSFB
protection timer
expires. Then the
eNodeB performs a
blind redirection for
the UE.

7.9.5 Precautions
None

7.9.6 Initial Configuration


Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration for Newly Deployed eNodeBs
Enter the values of the parameters listed in Table 7-31 in a summary data file, which also contains
other data for the new eNodeBs to be deployed. Then, import the summary data file into the
Configuration Management Express (CME) for batch configuration. For detailed instructions,
see section "Creating eNodeBs in Batches" in the initial configuration guide for the eNodeB.
The summary data file may be a scenario-specific file provided by the CME or a customized
file, depending on the following conditions:
l The managed objects (MOs) in Table 7-31 are contained in a scenario-specific summary
data file. In this situation, set the parameters in the MOs, and then verify and save the file.
l Some MOs in Table 7-31 are not contained in a scenario-specific summary data file. In
this situation, customize a summary data file to include the MOs before you can set the
parameters.

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Table 7-31 Parameters for activating CSFB steering to GERAN

MO Sheet in the Parameter Group Remarks


Summary Data
File

ENodeBAlgoSwitc User-defined sheet HoAlgoSwitch, None


h GeranCsfbSteer-
ingSwitch

CSFallBackBlind- User-defined sheet CSFallBackBlindH None


HoCfg oCfg.CnOperator-
Id,
InterRatHighestPri,
InterRatSecondPri,
InterRatLowestPri,
IdleCsfbHighest-
Pri,
IdleCsfbSecondPri,
IdleCsfbLowestPri

CSFallBackPoli- User-defined sheet CsfbHoPolicyCfg, None


cyCfg IdleModeCsfbHo-
PolicyCfg

Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration for Existing eNodeBs


Batch reconfiguration using the CME is the recommended method to activate a feature on
existing eNodeBs. This method reconfigures all data, except neighbor relationships, for multiple
eNodeBs in a single procedure. The procedure is as follows:

Step 1 Choose CME > Advanced > Customize Summary Data File (M2000 client mode), or choose
Advanced > Customize Summary Data File (CME client mode), to customize a summary data
file for batch reconfiguration.
NOTE

For context-sensitive help on a current task in the client, press F1.

Step 2 Choose CME > LTE Application > Export Data > Export Base Station Bulk Configuration Data
(M2000 client mode), or choose Advanced > Base Station Bulk Configuration > Export Data
(CME client mode), to export the eNodeB data stored on the CME into the customized summary
data file.

Step 3 In the summary data file, set the parameters in the MOs listed in Table 7-31 and close the file.

Step 4 Choose CME > LTE Application > Import Data > Import Base Station Bulk Configuration Data
(M2000 client mode), or choose LTE Application > Import Data > Import Base Station Bulk
Configuration Data (CME client mode), to import the summary data file into the CME.

Step 5 Choose CME > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (M2000 client mode), or choose
Area Management > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (CME client mode), to export
and activate the incremental scripts.

----End

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Using the CME to Perform Single Configuration


On the CME, set the parameters listed in the "Data Preparation" section for a single eNodeB.
The procedure is as follows:

Step 1 In the planned data area, click Base Station in the upper left corner of the configuration window.

Step 2 In area 1 shown in Figure 7-13, select the eNodeB to which the MOs belong.

Figure 7-13 MO search and configuration window

NOTE

l To view descriptions of the parameters in the MO, click in area 4 and press F1.
l Area 5 displays the details of a selected area-4 entry in vertical format. Click the "Details" button to
show or hide this area.

Step 3 On the Search tab page in area 2, enter an MO name, for example, CELL.

Step 4 In area 3, double-click the MO in the Object Name column. All parameters in this MO are
displayed in area 4.

Step 5 Set the parameters in area 4 or 5.

Step 6 Choose CME > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (M2000 client mode), or choose
Area Management > Planned Area > Export Incremental Scripts (CME client mode), to
export and activate the incremental scripts.

----End

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Using MML Commands


Before activating CSFB steering to GERAN, you must complete the initial configuration for
CSFB to GERAN. For details about the initial configuration procedure, see section 7.2.6 Initial
Configuration.
Perform the following steps to activate CSFB steering to GERAN:

Step 1 Run the MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH command with the GeranCsfbSteeringSwitch


(GeranCsfbSteeringSwitch) check box selected under the Handover Algo switch parameter.
Step 2 Run the MOD CSFALLBACKBLINDHOCFG command to set RAT priorities for CSFB
triggered for RRC_CONNECTED and RRC_IDLE UEs.
Step 3 Run the MOD CSFALLBACKPOLICYCFG command to set CSFB policies for
RRC_CONNECTED and RRC_IDLE UEs.

----End

Example
//To set GeranCsfbSteeringSwitch under the Handover Algo switch parameter
MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH: HoAlgoSwitch=GeranCsfbSteeringSwitch-1;

//To set RAT priorities for CSFB triggered for RRC_CONNECTED and RRC_IDLE UEs
MOD CSFALLBACKBLINDHOCFG: CnOperatorId=0, InterRatHighestPri=UTRAN,
IdleCsfbHighestPri=UTRAN;

//To set CSFB policies for RRC_CONNECTED and RRC_IDLE UEs


MOD CSFALLBACKPOLICYCFG: CsfbHoPolicyCfg=REDIRECTION-1&CCO_HO-0&PS_HO-1,
IdleModeCsfbHoPolicyCfg=REDIRECTION-1&CCO_HO-0&PS_HO-0;

7.9.7 Activation Observation


The activation observation procedure for CSFB steering to GERAN is as follows:

Step 1 Check that the UE supports redirection-based CSFB and handover-based CSFB.
Step 2 Set CSFB policies for RRC_IDLE UEs and RRC_CONNECTED UEs to redirection and
handover, respectively.
Step 3 Enable the UE to initiate a voice call in idle mode and in connected mode.
Step 4 Observe the counters L.CSFB.E2G, L.RRCRedirection.E2G.CSFB, and
L.IRATHO.E2G.CSFB.ExecAttOut. If the values of the counters increase by 2, 1, and 1,
respectively, CSFB steering to GERAN has been activated.

----End
If CSFB steering to UTRAN has also been activated, the activation observation procedure is as
follows:

Step 1 Check that the UE supports CSFB to GERAN and CSFB to UTRAN.
Step 2 Set GERAN as the highest-priority RAT for CSFB triggered for RRC_IDLE UEs and UTRAN
as the highest-priority RAT for CSFB triggered for RRC_CONNECTED UEs.
Step 3 Enable the UE to initiate a voice call in idle mode and in connected mode.

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Step 4 Observe the counters L.CSFB.E2W and L.CSFB.E2G. If both the values increase by 1, both
CSFB steering to UTRAN and CSFB steering to GERAN have been activated.

----End

7.9.8 Deactivation
Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration
Batch reconfiguration using the CME is the recommended method to deactivate a feature on
eNodeBs. This method reconfigures all data, except neighbor relationships, for multiple
eNodeBs in a single procedure. The procedure for feature deactivation is similar to that for
feature activation described in Using the CME to Perform Batch Configuration for Existing
eNodeBs. In the procedure, modify parameters according to Table 7-32.

Table 7-32 Parameters for deactivating CSFB steering to GERAN


MO Sheet in the Parameter Group Remarks
Summary Data
File

ENodeBAlgoSwitch User-defined sheet HoAlgoSwitch Set


GeranCsfbSteer-
ingSwitch under the
HoAlgoSwitch
parameter to 0.

Using the CME to Perform Single Configuration


On the CME, set parameters according to Table 7-32. For detailed instructions, see Using the
CME to Perform Single Configuration described for feature activation.

Using MML Commands


Run the MOD ENODEBALGOSWITCH command with the GeranCsfbSteeringSwitch
(GeranCsfbSteeringSwitch) check box cleared under the Handover Algo switch parameter.

7.10 Performance Optimization


End-to-end CSFB delay includes the processing time at the LTE side and that at the GSM or
UMTS side. Processing at any side may affect the end-to-end delay and user experience.
For details about processing in Huawei GSM equipment, see Interoperability Between GSM and
LTE Feature Parameter Description.
For details about processing in Huawei UMTS equipment, see Interoperability Between UMTS
and LTE Feature Parameter Description.

7.10.1 Performance Monitoring


CSFB allows UEs under LTE coverage to switch to CS networks when CS services arrive. Use
the L.CSFB.PrepAtt and L.CSFB.PrepSucc counters to monitor CSFB performance. Use the

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L.CSFB.E2W and L.CSFB.E2G counters (corresponding to UMTS and GSM, respectively) to


distinguish between the target CS networks.

Use the L.RRCRedirection.E2W.CSFB, L.RRCRedirection.E2G.CSFB,


L.IRATHO.E2W.CSFB.PrepAttOut, and L.IRATHO.E2G.CSFB.PrepAttOut counters to
monitor the CSFB mechanisms including redirections and handovers.

The following table describes these counters.

Counter Name Description

L.CSFB.PrepAtt Number of CSFB indicators received by the eNodeB

L.CSFB.PrepSucc Number of successful CSFB responses from the eNodeB

L.CSFB.E2W Number of times CSFB to UTRAN is performed

L.CSFB.E2G Number of procedures for CSFB to GERAN

L.RRCRedirection.E2W.C Number of RRC redirections to a UMTS network for CSFB


SFB

L.RRCRedirection.E2G.C Number of RRC redirections to GERAN for CSFB


SFB

L.IRATHO.E2W.CSFB.Pr Number of EUTRAN-to-UTRAN handover preparation


epAttOut attempts for CSFB

L.IRATHO.E2G.CSFB.Pre Number of EUTRAN-to-GERAN handover preparation


pAttOut attempts for CSFB

NOTE

CSFB is an end-to-end service. The performance counters on the LTE side only indicate the success rate
of the CSFB procedure on the LTE side. Therefore, the performance counters on the LTE side cannot
directly show the user experience of the CSFB procedure. It is recommended that you perform drive tests
and use the performance counters on the UE side to indicate the actual user experience of the CSFB
procedure.

7.10.2 Parameter Optimization

Blind Handovers for CSFB


Compared with measurement-based handovers, blind handovers reduce access delays but cause
lower handover success rates.

Set blind-handover priorities of different RATs according to the operator policies. When the
handover success rate or service setup success rate is low because of poor UTRAN or GERAN
coverage, adjust the blind-handover priorities for different RATs or deactivate blind handovers
to improve CSFB performance.

The following table describes the parameters in the CSFallBackBlindHoCfg MO used to set
the blind-handover priorities of different RATs for CSFB.

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Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

CN Operator ID CSFallBackBlind- Network plan Set this parameter


HoCfg. (negotiation not based on the network
CnOperatorId required) plan. This parameter
identifies the
operator whose RAT
blind-handover
priorities are to be
set.

Highest priority CSFallBackBlind- Network plan Set this parameter


InterRat HoCfg. (negotiation not based on the network
InterRatHighestPri required) plan. This parameter
is set to UTRAN by
default and specifies
the high-priority
RAT to be
considered in blind
handovers for CSFB.

Second priority CSFallBackBlind- Network plan Set this parameter


InterRat HoCfg. (negotiation not based on the network
InterRatSecondPri required) plan. This parameter
is set to GERAN by
default and specifies
the second-highest-
priority RAT to be
considered in blind
handovers for CSFB.
Ensure that this
parameter is set to a
different value from
the
CSFallBackBlind-
HoCfg.InterRatHig
hestPri and
CSFallBackBlind-
HoCfg.InterRatLow
estPri parameters.

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 7 Engineering Guidelines

Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

Lowest priority CSFallBackBlind- Network plan Set this parameter


InterRat HoCfg. (negotiation not based on the network
InterRatLowestPri required) plan. This parameter
is set to CDMA2000
by default and
specifies the low-
priority RAT to be
considered in blind
handovers for CSFB.
Ensure that this
parameter is set to a
different value from
the
CSFallBackBlind-
HoCfg.InterRatHig
hestPri and
CSFallBackBlind-
HoCfg.InterRatSec
ondPri parameters.

The following table describes the parameter in the ENodeBAlgoSwitch MO used to activate or
deactivate blind handovers.

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 7 Engineering Guidelines

Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

Handover Mode ENodeBAlgoSwitc Network plan To activate blind


switch h.HoModeSwitch (negotiation not handovers, select the
required) BlindHoSwitch
(BlindHoSwitch)
check box. A blind
handover to an inter-
RAT cell can be
performed only if a
blind-handover
priority is specified
for the inter-RAT
cell. Compared with
measurement-based
handovers, blind
handovers reduce
access delays but
cause lower
handover success
rates.
To deactivate blind
handovers, clear the
BlindHoSwitch
(BlindHoSwitch)
check box.

Measurement-based Handovers for CSFB


An appropriate event B1 threshold for CSFB ensures that inter-RAT handovers are triggered in
a timely fashion. A high threshold results in a low probability of triggering event B1, thereby
affecting user experience. A low threshold results in a high probability of triggering event B1,
but causes a high probability of incorrect handover decisions and a low handover success rate.
Tune the threshold based on site conditions.
Event B1 for CSFB has a time-to-trigger parameter. This parameter lowers the probability of
incorrect handover decisions and raises the handover success rate. However, if the value of this
parameter is too large, CSFB delay is extended, affecting user experience. Tune this parameter
based on site conditions.
Appropriate settings of the threshold and time-to-trigger for event B1 raise the handover success
rate and lower the call drop rate. The related parameters are as follows:
l CSFB to UTRAN: CSFallBackHo.CsfbHoUtranB1ThdRscp,
CSFallBackHo.CsfbHoUtranB1ThdEcn0, and
CSFallBackHo.CsfbHoUtranTimeToTrig
l CSFB to GERAN: CSFallBackHo.CsfbHoGeranB1Thd and
CSFallBackHo.CsfbHoGeranTimeToTrig
l CSFB to CDMA2000 1xRTT: CSFallBackHo.CsfbHoCdmaB1ThdPs and
CSFallBackHo.CsfbHoCdmaTimeToTrig
These parameters belong to the CSFallBackHo MO and are described in the following table.

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 7 Engineering Guidelines

Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

Local cell ID CSFALLBACKHO Network plan Set this parameter


.LocalCellId (negotiation not based on the network
required) plan.

CSFB Utran CSFallBackHo. Network plan Set this parameter


EventB1 Time To CsfbHoUtranTime- (negotiation not based on the network
Trig ToTrig required) plan. This parameter
specifies the time-to-
trigger for event B1
used in CSFB to
UTRAN. When
CSFB to UTRAN is
required, this
parameter must be
set, because it is used
by UEs as one of the
conditions for
triggering event B1.
When a UE detects
that the signal quality
in at least one
UTRAN cell meets
the entering
condition, it does not
immediately send a
measurement report
to the eNodeB.
Instead, the UE sends
a measurement
report only when the
signal quality has
been meeting the
entering condition
throughout a period
defined by this
parameter.
An appropriate value
for this parameter
reduces the
probability of
random events B1
and the average
number of
handovers, thereby
reducing the number
of unnecessary
handovers.

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 7 Engineering Guidelines

Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

CSFB UTRAN CSFallBackHo. Network plan Set this parameter


EventB1 RSCP CsfbHoUtranB1Th (negotiation not based on the network
Trigger Threshold dRscp required) plan. This parameter
specifies the RSCP
threshold for event
B1 used in CSFB to
UTRAN. When
CSFB to UTRAN is
required, this
parameter must be
set, because it is used
by UEs as one of the
conditions for
triggering event B1.
Event B1 is triggered
when the RSCP
measured by the UE
is higher than the
value of this
parameter and all
other conditions are
also met.

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 7 Engineering Guidelines

Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

CSFB UTRAN CSFallBackHo. Network plan This parameter


EventB1 ECN0 CsfbHoUtranB1Th (negotiation not specifies the Ec/No
Trigger Threshold dEcn0 required) threshold for event
B1 used in CSFB to
UTRAN. When
CSFB to UTRAN is
required, this
parameter must be
set, because it is used
by UEs as one of the
conditions for
triggering event B1.
Event B1 is triggered
when the Ec/No
measured by the UE
is higher than the
value of this
parameter and all
other conditions are
also met.
Set this parameter to
a large value for a cell
with a large signal
fading variance in
order to reduce the
probability of
unnecessary
handovers.
Set this parameter to
a small value for a
cell with a small
signal fading
variance in order to
ensure timely
handovers.

CSFB GERAN CSFallBackHo. Network plan Set this parameter


EventB1 Trigger CsfbHoGeranB1Th (negotiation not based on the network
Threshold d required) plan. This parameter
specifies the RSSI
threshold for event
B1 used in CSFB to
GERAN. Event B1 is
triggered when the
measured RSSI of a
GERAN cell reaches
the value of this
parameter and all
other conditions are
also met.

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 7 Engineering Guidelines

Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

CSFB Geran CSFallBackHo. Network plan Set this parameter


EventB1 Time To CsfbHoGeranTime- (negotiation not based on the network
Trig ToTrig required) plan. This parameter
specifies the time-to-
trigger for event B1
used in CSFB to
GERAN. When
CSFB to GERAN is
required, this
parameter must be
set, because it is used
by UEs as one of the
conditions for
triggering event B1.
When a UE detects
that the signal quality
in at least one
GERAN cell meets
the entering
condition, it does not
immediately send a
measurement report
to the eNodeB.
Instead, the UE sends
a measurement
report only when the
signal quality has
been meeting the
entering condition
throughout a period
defined by this
parameter.
An appropriate value
for this parameter
reduces the
probability of
random events B1
and the average
number of
handovers, thereby
reducing the number
of unnecessary
handovers.

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 7 Engineering Guidelines

Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

CSFB CDMA2000 CSFallBackHo. Network plan Set this parameter


EventB1 Trigger CsfbHoCdmaB1Th (negotiation not based on the network
Threshold dPs required) plan. This parameter
specifies the pilot
strength threshold for
event B1 used in
CSFB to
CDMA2000 1xRTT.
Event B1 is triggered
when the measured
pilot strength of a
CDMA2000 1xRTT
cell reaches the value
of this parameter and
all other conditions
are also met.

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 7 Engineering Guidelines

Parameter Name Parameter ID Data Source Setting Notes

CSFB CDMA CSFallBackHo. Network plan Set this parameter


EventB1 Time To CsfbHoCdmaTime- (negotiation not based on the network
Trig ToTrig required) plan. This parameter
specifies the time-to-
trigger for event B1
used in CSFB to
CDMA2000 1xRTT.
When CSFB to
CDMA2000 is
required, this
parameter must be
set, because it is used
by UEs as one of the
conditions for
triggering event B1.
When a UE detects
that the signal quality
in at least one
CDMA2000 1xRTT
cell meets the
entering condition, it
does not immediately
send a measurement
report to the eNodeB.
Instead, the UE sends
a measurement
report only when the
signal quality has
been meeting the
entering condition
throughout a period
defined by this
parameter.
An appropriate value
for this parameter
reduces the
probability of
random events B1
and the average
number of
handovers, thereby
reducing the number
of unnecessary
handovers.

7.11 Troubleshooting

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 7 Engineering Guidelines

7.11.1 Fault 1

Fault Description
A UE performs cell reselection to an inter-RAT neighboring cell directly after initiating a voice
call in an E-UTRAN cell, and the S1 interface tracing result shows that CSFB is not triggered.

Fault Handling
Step 1 Create an S1 interface tracing task, use the UE to camp on the E-UTRAN cell again, and check
whether the value of the information element (IE) ePS-attach-type-value is "combined-attach"
in the traced Attach Request message.
l If so, go to Step 2.
l If not, replace the UE with one that supports combined EPS/IMSI attach, and try again.

Step 2 Check whether the traced Attach Accept message includes the IE cs-domain-not-available.
l If it does, go to Step 3.
l If not, contact Huawei technical support.

Step 3 Contact the vendors of core network NEs to ensure the following:
l Attach procedures to the CS domain are allowed according to the subscription data on the
HSS.
l The core network supports CSFB.
l The SGs interface is correctly configured.

----End

7.11.2 Fault 2

Fault Description
An eNodeB delivers an RRC Connection Reconfiguration message for measurement control to
a UE that has initiated a voice call in the LTE network, but the eNodeB does not receive a
measurement report.

Fault Handling
Step 1 Check whether the RRC Connection Reconfiguration message contains B1-related measurement
configurations and whether the information about the inter-RAT systems in the configuration is
correct.
l If it is, go to Step 3.
l If not, rectify the faults and try again.

Step 2 Check whether the coverage of the inter-RAT neighboring cell is satisfactory. If the coverage
is unsatisfactory, adjust B1-related parameters or use CSFB based on blind handovers.

Step 3 For details about how to adjust B1-related parameters, see Mobility Management in Connected
Mode Feature Parameter Description.

----End

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 7 Engineering Guidelines

7.11.3 Fault 3
Fault Description
Even when blind handovers are configured as the preferred choice according to the operator
policies, instead of triggering a blind handover for CSFB, an eNodeB delivers an inter-RAT
measurement configuration to a UE that has initiated a voice call.

Fault Handling
Step 1 Run the LST ENODEBALGOSWITCH command and check the setting of BlindHoSwitch
under the Handover Mode Switch parameter. If BlindHoSwitch is Off, run the MOD
ENODEBALGOSWITCH command with the BlindHoSwitch(BlindHoSwitch) check box
under the Handover Mode Switch parameter selected. In addition, check the CSFB mechanism
and perform the following:
l If CSFB to UTRAN is required, go to Step 2.
l If CSFB to GERAN is required, go to Step 3.
Step 2 Run the LST UTRANNCELL command and check whether Blind handover priority is 0 for
a neighboring UTRAN cell that is supposed to accept incoming blind handovers.
l If Blind handover priority is 0, blind handovers to this cell are not allowed. In this case,
run the MOD UTRANNCELL command with the Blind handover priority parameter set
to a value other than 0.
l If Blind handover priority is not 0, contact Huawei technical support.
Step 3 Run the LST GERANNCELL command and check whether Blind handover priority is 0 for
a neighboring GERAN cell that is supposed to accept incoming blind handovers.
l If Blind handover priority is 0, blind handovers to this cell are not allowed. In this case,
run the MOD GERANNCELL command with the Blind handover priority parameter set
to a value other than 0.
l If Blind handover priority is not 0, contact Huawei technical support.

----End

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

8 Parameters

Table 8-1 Parameter description


MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description
Command

CSFallBackBlin IdleCsfbHighest MOD LOFD-001035 / CS Fallback to Meaning:Indi-


dHoCfg Pri CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 CDMA2000 cates the
BLINDHOCFG 35 1xRTT highest-priority
LST LOFD-001088 / CS Fallback RAT for CSFB
CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 Steering to initiated by a UE
BLINDHOCFG 88 UTRAN in idle mode. It
is UTRAN by
LOFD-001089 / CS Fallback default. If this
TDLOFD-0010 Steering to parameter is set
89 GERAN to UTRAN,
TDLOFD-0010 Enhanced CS GERAN, or
90 Fallback to CDMA2000, the
CDMA2000 highest-priority
1xRTT RAT is
UTRAN,
GERAN, or
CDMA2000,
respectively.
GUI Value
Range:UTRAN,
GERAN,
CDMA2000
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:UTRAN,
GERAN,
CDMA2000
Default
Value:UTRAN

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

CSFallBackBlin IdleCsfbSecond MOD LOFD-001035 / CS Fallback to Meaning:Indi-


dHoCfg Pri CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 CDMA2000 cates the
BLINDHOCFG 35 1xRTT medium-priority
LST LOFD-001088 / CS Fallback RAT for CSFB
CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 Steering to initiated by a UE
BLINDHOCFG 88 UTRAN in idle mode. It
is GERAN by
LOFD-001089 / CS Fallback default. If this
TDLOFD-0010 Steering to parameter is set
89 GERAN to UTRAN,
TDLOFD-0010 Enhanced CS GERAN, or
90 Fallback to CDMA2000, the
CDMA2000 medium-priority
1xRTT RAT is
UTRAN,
GERAN, or
CDMA2000,
respectively. If
this parameter is
set to NULL, no
medium-priority
RAT is specified
and only the
highest-priority
RAT can be
selected for
CSFB initiated
by a UE in idle
mode.
GUI Value
Range:UTRAN,
GERAN,
CDMA2000,
NULL
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:UTRAN,
GERAN,
CDMA2000,
NULL
Default
Value:GERAN

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

CSFallBackBlin IdleCsfbLowest MOD LOFD-001035 / CS Fallback to Meaning:Indi-


dHoCfg Pri CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 CDMA2000 cates the lowest-
BLINDHOCFG 35 1xRTT priority RAT for
LST LOFD-001088 / CS Fallback CSFB initiated
CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 Steering to by a UE in idle
BLINDHOCFG 88 UTRAN mode. It is
CDMA2000 by
LOFD-001089 / CS Fallback default. If this
TDLOFD-0010 Steering to parameter is set
89 GERAN to UTRAN,
TDLOFD-0010 Enhanced CS GERAN, or
90 Fallback to CDMA2000, the
CDMA2000 lowest-priority
1xRTT RAT is
UTRAN,
GERAN, or
CDMA2000,
respectively. If
this parameter is
set to NULL, no
lowest-priority
RAT is specified
and only the
highest- or
medium-priority
RAT can be
selected for
CSFB initiated
by a UE in idle
mode.
GUI Value
Range:UTRAN,
GERAN,
CDMA2000,
NULL
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:UTRAN,
GERAN,
CDMA2000,
NULL
Default
Value:CDMA2
000

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

CSFallBackBlin InterRatHighest MOD LOFD-001033 / CS Fallback to Meaning:Indi-


dHoCfg Pri CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN cates the
BLINDHOCFG 33 CS Fallback to highest-priority
LST LOFD-001034 / GERAN RAT for
CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 handovers. It is
CS Fallback to UTRAN by
BLINDHOCFG 34 CDMA2000 default. If this
LOFD-001035 / 1xRTT parameter is set
TDLOFD-0010 PS Inter-RAT to UTRAN,
35 Mobility GERAN, or
LOFD-001019 / between E- CDMA2000, the
TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN and highest-priority
19 UTRAN RAT is
LOFD-001020 / PS Inter-RAT UTRAN,
TDLOFD-0010 Mobility GERAN, or
20 between E- CDMA2000,
UTRAN and respectively.
LOFD-001021
GERAN GUI Value
TDLOFD-0010 Range:UTRAN,
52 PS Inter-RAT
Mobility GERAN,
TDLOFD-0010 between E- CDMA2000
53 UTRAN and Unit:None
TDLOFD-0010 CDMA2000 Actual Value
90 Range:UTRAN,
Flash CS
TDLOFD-0010 Fallback to GERAN,
43 UTRAN CDMA2000
TDLOFD-0010 Flash CS Default
72 Fallback to Value:UTRAN
TDLOFD-0010 GERAN
46 Enhanced CS
TDLOFD-0010 Fallback to
73 CDMA2000
1xRTT
Service based
Inter-RAT
handover to
UTRAN
Distance based
Inter-RAT
handover to
UTRAN
Service based
Inter-RAT
handover to
GERAN
Distance based
Inter-RAT

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

handover to
GERAN

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

CSFallBackBlin InterRatSecond- MOD LOFD-001033 / CS Fallback to Meaning:Indi-


dHoCfg Pri CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN cates the
BLINDHOCFG 33 CS Fallback to medium-priority
LST LOFD-001034 / GERAN RAT for
CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 handovers. It is
CS Fallback to GERAN by
BLINDHOCFG 34 CDMA2000 default. If this
LOFD-001035 / 1xRTT parameter is set
TDLOFD-0010 PS Inter-RAT to UTRAN,
35 Mobility GERAN, or
LOFD-001019 / between E- CDMA2000, the
TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN and medium-priority
19 UTRAN RAT is
LOFD-001020 / PS Inter-RAT UTRAN,
TDLOFD-0010 Mobility GERAN, or
20 between E- CDMA2000,
UTRAN and respectively. If
LOFD-001021 this parameter is
GERAN
TDLOFD-0010 set to NULL, no
52 PS Inter-RAT medium-priority
Mobility RAT is specified
TDLOFD-0010 between E-
53 and only the
UTRAN and highest-priority
TDLOFD-0010 CDMA2000 RAT can be
90
Flash CS selected for
TDLOFD-0010 Fallback to handovers.
43 UTRAN GUI Value
TDLOFD-0010 Flash CS Range:UTRAN,
72 Fallback to GERAN,
TDLOFD-0010 GERAN CDMA2000,
46 Enhanced CS NULL
TDLOFD-0010 Fallback to Unit:None
73 CDMA2000 Actual Value
1xRTT Range:UTRAN,
Service based GERAN,
Inter-RAT CDMA2000,
handover to NULL
UTRAN Default
Distance based Value:GERAN
Inter-RAT
handover to
UTRAN
Service based
Inter-RAT
handover to
GERAN
Distance based
Inter-RAT

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

handover to
GERAN

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

CSFallBackBlin InterRatLowest- MOD LOFD-001033 / CS Fallback to Meaning:Indi-


dHoCfg Pri CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN cates the lowest-
BLINDHOCFG 33 CS Fallback to priority RAT for
LST LOFD-001034 / GERAN handovers. It is
CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 CDMA2000 by
CS Fallback to default. If this
BLINDHOCFG 34 CDMA2000 parameter is set
LOFD-001035 / 1xRTT to UTRAN,
TDLOFD-0010 PS Inter-RAT GERAN, or
35 Mobility CDMA2000, the
LOFD-001019 / between E- lowest-priority
TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN and RAT is
19 UTRAN UTRAN,
LOFD-001020 / PS Inter-RAT GERAN, or
TDLOFD-0010 Mobility CDMA2000,
20 between E- respectively. If
UTRAN and this parameter is
LOFD-001021 set to NULL, no
GERAN
TDLOFD-0010 lowest-priority
52 PS Inter-RAT RAT is specified
Mobility and only the
TDLOFD-0010 between E-
53 highest- or
UTRAN and medium-priority
TDLOFD-0010 CDMA2000 RAT can be
90
Flash CS selected for
TDLOFD-0010 Fallback to handovers.
43 UTRAN GUI Value
TDLOFD-0010 Flash CS Range:UTRAN,
72 Fallback to GERAN,
TDLOFD-0010 GERAN CDMA2000,
46 Enhanced CS NULL
TDLOFD-0010 Fallback to Unit:None
73 CDMA2000 Actual Value
1xRTT Range:UTRAN,
Service based GERAN,
Inter-RAT CDMA2000,
handover to NULL
UTRAN Default
Distance based Value:CDMA2
Inter-RAT 000
handover to
UTRAN
Service based
Inter-RAT
handover to
GERAN
Distance based
Inter-RAT

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

handover to
GERAN

CSFallBackPoli IdleModeCsfbH MOD LOFD-001088 / CS Fallback Meaning:Indi-


cyCfg oPolicyCfg CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 Steering to cates the CSFB
POLICYCFG 88 UTRAN policy for a UE
LST LOFD-001089 / CS Fallback in idle mode.
CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 Steering to The policy can
POLICYCFG 89 GERAN be PS handover,
CCO, or
redirection.
GUI Value
Range:REDIRE
CTION,
CCO_HO,
PS_HO
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:REDIRE
CTION,
CCO_HO,
PS_HO
Default
Value:REDIRE
CTION:On,
CCO_HO:On,
PS_HO:On

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

CSFallBackPoli CsfbHoPolicyC MOD LOFD-001033 / CS Fallback to Meaning:Indi-


cyCfg fg CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN cates the CSFB
POLICYCFG 33 CS Fallback to policy for a UE
LST LOFD-001034 / GERAN in connected
CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 mode. If the
CS Fallback CSFB steering
POLICYCFG 34 Steering to function is
LOFD-001088 / UTRAN disabled, this
TDLOFD-0010 CS Fallback parameter also
88 Steering to applies to UEs in
LOFD-001089 / GERAN idle mode. The
TDLOFD-0010 policy can be PS
89 handover, CCO,
or redirection.
GUI Value
Range:REDIRE
CTION,
CCO_HO,
PS_HO
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:REDIRE
CTION,
CCO_HO,
PS_HO
Default
Value:REDIRE
CTION:On,
CCO_HO:On,
PS_HO:On

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

UtranNFreq CsPsMixedPrior ADD LOFD-001088 / CS Fallback Meaning:Indi-


ity UTRANNFRE TDLOFD-0010 Steering to cates t the
Q 88 UTRAN priority for a
MOD LOFD-001019 / PS Inter-RAT neighboring
UTRANNFRE TDLOFD-0010 Mobility UTRAN
Q 19 between E- frequency to
UTRAN and carry CS+PS
LST TDLOFD-0010 combined
UTRANNFRE 33 UTRAN
services. In
Q TDLOFD-0010 CS Fallback to CSFB to
52 UTRAN UTRAN, if
TDLOFD-0010 Flash CS UtranFreqLayer
78 Fallback to MeasSwitch and
UTRAN UtranCsfbSteer-
E-UTRAN to ingSwitch are
UTRAN CS/PS turned on, the
steering eNodeB
determines the
UTRAN
frequency to be
delivered to a
UE based on the
CS+ PS
combined
service
priorities. The
eNodeB delivers
the UTRAN
frequency with
the highest CS
+PS combined
service priority
to the UE by
default.In CSFB
to UTRAN
through blind
handovers, if
UtranFreqLayer
BlindSwitch and
UtranCsfbSteer-
ingSwitch are
turned on, the
target cell for a
blind handover
is selected based
on the CS and PS
service
priorities. The
cell on the

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

UTRAN
frequency with
the highest CS
+PS combined
service priority
is selected by
default.When
this parameter is
set to Priority_0
for a UTRAN
frequency, the
UTRAN
frequency is not
included in CS
+PS combined
service priority
arrangement.
GUI Value
Range:Priority_
0(Priority 0),
Priority_1
(Priority 1),
Priority_2
(Priority 2),
Priority_3
(Priority 3),
Priority_4
(Priority 4),
Priority_5
(Priority 5),
Priority_6
(Priority 6),
Priority_7
(Priority 7),
Priority_8
(Priority 8),
Priority_9
(Priority 9),
Priority_10
(Priority 10),
Priority_11
(Priority 11),
Priority_12
(Priority 12),
Priority_13
(Priority 13),
Priority_14
(Priority 14),
Priority_15

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eRAN
CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

(Priority 15),
Priority_16
(Priority 16)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:Priority_
0, Priority_1,
Priority_2,
Priority_3,
Priority_4,
Priority_5,
Priority_6,
Priority_7,
Priority_8,
Priority_9,
Priority_10,
Priority_11,
Priority_12,
Priority_13,
Priority_14,
Priority_15,
Priority_16
Default
Value:Priority_
2(Priority 2)

InterRatHoCom CellInfoMaxU- MOD LOFD-001019 / PS Inter-RAT Meaning:Indi-


m tranCellNum INTERRATHO TDLOFD-0010 Mobility cates the
COMM 19 between E- maximum
LST TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN and number of
INTERRATHO 52 UTRAN UTRAN cell
COMM Flash CS system
Fallback to information
UTRAN messages that
can be
transmitted
during a flash
redirection
procedure.
GUI Value
Range:1~16
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:1~16
Default Value:8

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

InterRatHoCom CellInfoMaxGe MOD LOFD-001020 / PS Inter-RAT Meaning:Indi-


m ranCellNum INTERRATHO TDLOFD-0010 Mobility cates the
COMM 20 between E- maximum
LST TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN and number of
INTERRATHO 53 GERAN GERAN cell
COMM Flash CS system
Fallback to information
GERAN messages that
can be
transmitted
during a flash
redirection
procedure.
GUI Value
Range:1~32
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:1~32
Default Value:8

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eRAN
CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

ENodeBAlgoS HoAlgoSwitch MOD LBFD-0020180 Coverage Based Meaning:Indi-


witch ENODEBALG 1/ Intra-frequency cates the
OSWITCH TDLBFD-0020 Handover collective
LST 1801 Distance Based switch used to
ENODEBALG LBFD-0020180 Inter-frequency enable or
OSWITCH 2/ Handover disable. Flash
TDLBFD-0020 CS fallback to
Service Based UTRAN: If the
1802 Inter-frequency switch for CS
LBFD-0020180 Handover fallback to
4/ CS Fallback to UTRAN is
TDLBFD-0020 UTRAN turned off, this
1804 switch does not
CS Fallback to
LBFD-0020180 GERAN take effect;
5/ Flash CS
CS Fallback to
TDLBFD-0020 fallback to
CDMA2000
1805 GERAN: If the
1xRTT
LOFD-001033 / switch for CS
Flash CS fallback to
TDLOFD-0010
Fallback to GERAN is
33
UTRAN turned off, this
LOFD-001034 / switch does not
Flash CS
TDLOFD-0010 take effect.
Fallback to
34 CsfbAdaptiveBl
GERAN
LOFD-001035 / indHoSwitch:If
CS Fallback
TDLOFD-0010 BlindHoSwitch
Steering to
35 is turned off, this
UTRAN
LOFD-001052 / switch does not
CS Fallback take effect.
TDLOFD-0010
Steering to
52 GUI Value
GERAN
LOFD-001053 / Range:IntraFreq
Enhanced CS CoverHoSwitch
TDLOFD-0010
Fallback to (IntraFreqCover
53
CDMA2000 HoSwitch),
LOFD-001088 / 1xRTT InterFreqCover-
TDLOFD-0010
PS Inter-RAT HoSwitch
88
Mobility (InterFreqCover
LOFD-001089 / between E- HoSwitch),
TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN and UtranCsfbSwitc
89 UTRAN h
LOFD-001090 / PS Inter-RAT (UtranCsfbSwit
TDLOFD-0010 Mobility ch),
90 between E- GeranCsfbSwitc
UTRAN and h
LOFD-001019 /
GERAN (GeranCsfbSwit
TDLOFD-0010
ch),
19 Service based Cdma1xRttCsfb
inter-RAT Switch
handover to (Cdma20001xR
UTRAN

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

LOFD-001020 / Service based ttCsfbSwitch),


TDLOFD-0010 inter-RAT UtranServiceHo
20 handover to Switch
LOFD-001043 / GERAN (UtranService-
TDLOFD-0010 Distance based HoSwitch),
43 inter-RAT GeranServiceH
handover to oSwitch
LOFD-001046 / (GeranService-
TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN
HoSwitch),
46 Distance based CdmaHrpdServi
LOFD-001072 / inter-RAT ceHoSwitch
TDLOFD-0010 handover to (Cdma2000Hrp
72 GERAN dServiceHoSwit
LOFD-001073 / Mobility ch),
TDLOFD-0010 Management Cdma1xRttServ
73 Coverage Based iceHoSwitch
Inter-frequency (Cdma20001xR
TDLBFD-0020 ttServiceHoS-
18 Handover
witch),
TDLOFD-0010 SRVCC to UlQualityInter-
22 UTRAN RATHoSwitch
(UlQualityInter-
RATHoSwitch),
InterPlmnHoS-
witch
(InterPlmnHoS-
witch),
UtranFlashCsfb
Switch(Utran-
FlashCsfbSwitc
h),
GeranFlashCsfb
Switch(Geran-
FlashCsfbSwitc
h),
ServiceBasedIn-
terFreqHoSwitc
h
(ServiceBasedIn
terFreqHoSwitc
h),
UlQualityInter-
FreqHoSwitch
(UlQualityInter-
FreqHoSwitch),
CsfbAdaptive-
BlindHoSwitch
(CsfbAdaptive-
BlindHoSwitch)

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

,
UtranCsfbSteer-
ingSwitch
(UtranCsfbSteer
ingSwitch),
GeranCsfbSteer
ingSwitch
(GeranCsfbStee
ringSwitch),
CSFBLoadInfo
Switch
(CSFBLoadInfo
Switch),
Cdma1XrttEcsf
bSwitch
(Cdma1XrttEcsf
bSwitch),
EmcBlindHoA1
Switch
(EmcBlindHoA
1Switch),
EmcInterFreq-
BlindHoSwitch
(EmcInterFreq-
BlindHoSwitch)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:IntraFreq
CoverHoSwitch
,
InterFreqCover-
HoSwitch,
UtranCsfbSwitc
h,
GeranCsfbSwitc
h,
Cdma1xRttCsfb
Switch,
UtranServiceHo
Switch,
GeranServiceH
oSwitch,
CdmaHrpdServi
ceHoSwitch,
Cdma1xRttServ
iceHoSwitch,
UlQualityInter-
RATHoSwitch,
InterPlmnHoS-

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

witch,
UtranFlashCsfb
Switch,
GeranFlashCsfb
Switch,
ServiceBasedIn-
terFreqHoSwitc
h,
UlQualityInter-
FreqHoSwitch,
CsfbAdaptive-
BlindHoSwitch,
UtranCsfbSteer-
ingSwitch,
GeranCsfbSteer
ingSwitch,
CSFBLoadInfo
Switch,
Cdma1XrttEcsf
bSwitch,
EmcBlindHoA1
Switch,
EmcInterFreq-
BlindHoSwitch
Default
Value:IntraFreq
CoverHoSwitch
:On,
InterFreqCover
HoSwitch:On,
UtranCsfbSwitc
h:Off,
GeranCsfbSwitc
h:Off,
Cdma20001xRtt
CsfbSwitch:Off,
UtranServiceHo
Switch:Off,
GeranServiceH
oSwitch:Off,
Cdma2000Hrpd
ServiceHoSwitc
h:Off,
Cdma20001xRtt
ServiceHoSwitc
h:Off,
UlQualityInterR
ATHoSwitch:O
ff,

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command
InterPlmnHoSw
itch:Off,
UtranFlashCsfb
Switch:Off,
GeranFlashCsfb
Switch:Off,
ServiceBasedInt
erFreqHoSwitch
:Off,
UlQualityInterF
reqHoSwitch:Of
f,
CsfbAdaptiveBl
indHoSwitch:Of
f,
UtranCsfbSteeri
ngSwitch:Off,
GeranCsfbSteer
ingSwitch:Off,
CSFBLoadInfo
Switch:Off,
Cdma1XrttEcsf
bSwitch:Off,
EmcBlindHoA1
Switch:Off,
EmcInterFreqBl
indHoSwitch:Of
f

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

CSFallBackHo BlindHoA1Thd MOD LOFD-001052 / Flash CS Meaning:Indi-


Rsrp CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 Fallback to cates the RSRP
HO 52 UTRAN threshold for
LST LOFD-001053 / Flash CS event A1
CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 Fallback to associated with
HO 53 GERAN CSFB-triggered
adaptive blind
handovers. This
parameter is set
for a UE as a
triggering
condition of
event A1
measurement
related to a
CSFB-triggered
adaptive blind
handover. This
parameter
specifies the
RSRP threshold
of the local cell
above which a
CSFB-triggered
adaptive blind
handover is
triggered. If the
RSRP value
measured by the
UE exceeds this
threshold, this
UE submits a
measurement
report related to
event A1.
GUI Value
Range:-141~-43
Unit:dBm
Actual Value
Range:-141~-43
Default
Value:-80

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

ENodeBAlgoS RimSwitch MOD LOFD-001034 / CS Fallback to Meaning:Indi-


witch ENODEBALG TDLOFD-0010 GERAN cates the
OSWITCH 34 Flash CS collective
LST LOFD-001052 / Fallback to switch for the
ENODEBALG TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN RAN
OSWITCH 52 information
Flash CS management
LOFD-001053 / Fallback to (RIM) function.
TDLOFD-0010 GERAN UTRAN_RIM_
53 SWITCH:
Indicates the
switch used to
enable or disable
the RIM
procedure that
requests event-
driven multiple
reports from
UTRAN cells. If
this switch is
turned on, the
eNodeB can
send RAN-
INFORMATIO
N-REQUEST
protocol data
units (PDUs) to
UTRAN cells to
request multiple
event-driven
reports. If this
switch is turned
off, the eNodeB
cannot send
RAN-
INFORMATIO
N-REQUEST
PDUs to
UTRAN cells to
request multiple
event-driven
reports.
GERAN_RIM_
SWITCH:
Indicates the
switch used to
enable or disable
the RIM
procedure that

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

requests event-
driven multiple
reports from
GERAN cells. If
this switch is
turned on, the
eNodeB can
send RAN-
INFORMATIO
N-REQUEST
PDUs to
CERAN cells to
request multiple
event-driven
reports. If this
switch is turned
off, the eNodeB
cannot send
RAN-
INFORMATIO
N-REQUEST
PDUs to
GERAN cells to
request multiple
event-driven
reports.
GUI Value
Range:UTRAN
_RIM_SWITC
H(UTRAN RIM
Switch),
GERAN_RIM_
SWITCH
(GERAN RIM
Switch)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:UTRAN
_RIM_SWITC
H,
GERAN_RIM_
SWITCH
Default
Value:UTRAN
RIM
Switch:Off,
GERAN RIM
Switch:Off

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

ENodeBAlgoS HoModeSwitch MOD LOFD-001022 / SRVCC to Meaning:Indi-


witch ENODEBALG TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN cates the
OSWITCH 22 SRVCC to switches
LST LOFD-001023 / GERAN corresponding
ENODEBALG TDLOFD-0010 to the inputs
CS Fallback to based on which
OSWITCH 23
UTRAN the eNodeB
LOFD-001033 / determines
CS Fallback to
TDLOFD-0010 handover
GERAN
33 policies.
LOFD-001034 / PS Inter-RAT EutranVoipCap
TDLOFD-0010 Mobility Switch: This
34 between E- switch will be
UTRAN and removed in later
LOFD-001019 / UTRAN
TDLOFD-0010 versions. In this
19 PS Inter-RAT version, the
Mobility setting of this
LOFD-001020 / between E- switch is still
TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN and synchronized
20 GERAN between the
LOFD-001021 / M2000 and the
PS Inter-RAT
TDLOFD-0010 eNodeB, but it is
Mobility
21 no longer used
between E-
TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN and internally.
52 CDMA2000 Therefore, avoid
using this
TDLOFD-0010 Flash CS switch.
88 Fallback to BlindHoSwitch:
TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN This switch
43 CS Fallback controls whether
TDLOFD-0010 Steering to to enable or
72 UTRAN disable blind
handovers
TDLOFD-0010 Service based
during CS
46 Inter-RAT
fallback.
TDLOFD-0010 handover to
GeranNaccSwit
73 UTRAN
ch: This switch
Distance based does not take
Inter-RAT effect if
handover to GeranCcoSwitc
UTRAN h is disabled.
Service based GUI Value
Inter-RAT Range:Eutran-
handover to VoipCapSwitch
GERAN (EutranVoipCap
Switch),
Distance based
UtranVoipCapS
Inter-RAT
witch
handover to
(UtranVoipCap
GERAN

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

Switch),
GeranVoipCapS
witch
(GeranVoipCap
Switch),
Cdma1xRttVoip
CapSwitch
(Cdma1xRttVoi
pCapSwitch),
UtranPsHoSwit
ch
(UtranPsHoSwit
ch),
GeranPsHoSwit
ch
(GeranPsHoSwi
tch),
CdmaHrpdNon
OtpimisedHoS-
witch
(CdmaHrpdNon
OtpimisedHoS-
witch),
CdmaHrpdOpti
misedHoSwitch
(CdmaHrpdOpti
misedHoSwitch
),
GeranNaccSwit
ch
(GeranNaccSwi
tch),
GeranCcoSwitc
h
(GeranCcoSwit
ch),
UtranSrvccSwit
ch
(UtranSrvccS-
witch),
GeranSrvccSwit
ch
(GeranSrvccS-
witch),
Cdma1xRttSrvc
cSwitch
(Cdma1xRttSrv
ccSwitch),
UtranRedirectS-

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

witch
(UtranRedirectS
witch),
GeranRedirectS
witch
(GeranRedirect
Switch),
CdmaHrpdRedi
rectSwitch
(CdmaHrpdRed
irectSwitch),
Cdma1xRttRedi
rectSwitch
(Cdma1xRttRed
irectSwitch),
BlindHoSwitch
(BlindHoSwitch
),
LcsSrvccSwitch
(LcsSrvccSwitc
h),
AutoGapSwitch
(AutoGapSwitc
h)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:Eutran-
VoipCapSwitch
,
UtranVoipCapS
witch,
GeranVoipCapS
witch,
Cdma1xRttVoip
CapSwitch,
UtranPsHoSwit
ch,
GeranPsHoSwit
ch,
CdmaHrpdNon
OtpimisedHoS-
witch,
CdmaHrpdOpti
misedHoSwitch
,
GeranNaccSwit
ch,
GeranCcoSwitc
h,

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eRAN
CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

UtranSrvccSwit
ch,
GeranSrvccSwit
ch,
Cdma1xRttSrvc
cSwitch,
UtranRedirectS-
witch,
GeranRedirectS
witch,
CdmaHrpdRedi
rectSwitch,
Cdma1xRttRedi
rectSwitch,
BlindHoSwitch,
LcsSrvccSwitch
,
AutoGapSwitch
Default
Value:EutranVo
ipCapSwitch:O
n,
UtranVoipCapS
witch:Off,
GeranVoipCapS
witch:Off,
Cdma1xRttVoip
CapSwitch:Off,
UtranPsHoSwit
ch:Off,
GeranPsHoSwit
ch:Off,
CdmaHrpdNon
OtpimisedHoS
witch:Off,
CdmaHrpdOpti
misedHoSwitch
:Off,
GeranNaccSwit
ch:Off,
GeranCcoSwitc
h:Off,
UtranSrvccSwit
ch:Off,
GeranSrvccSwit
ch:Off,
Cdma1xRttSrvc
cSwitch:Off,
UtranRedirectS

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

witch:Off,
GeranRedirectS
witch:Off,
CdmaHrpdRedi
rectSwitch:Off,
Cdma1xRttRedi
rectSwitch:Off,
BlindHoSwitch:
Off,
LcsSrvccSwitch
:Off,
AutoGapSwitch
:Off

UtranNCell BlindHoPriority ADD LOFD-001019 PS Inter-RAT Meaning:Indi-


UTRANNCEL TDLOFD-0010 Mobility cates the priority
L 22 between E- of the
MOD UTRAN and neighboring cell
TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN during blind
UTRANNCEL 33
L SRVCC to handovers.
TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN Blind handover
LST 52 is a process in
UTRANNCEL CS Fallback to which the
L TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN
19 eNodeB
Flash CS instructs a UE to
TDLOFD-0010 Fallback to hand over to a
43 UTRAN specified
TDLOFD-0010 PS Inter-RAT neighboring
72 Mobility cell. There are
TDLOFD-0010 between E- 32 priorities
78 UTRAN and altogether. The
UTRAN priority has a
positive
Service based correlation with
Inter-RAT the value of this
handover to parameter. Note
UTRAN that the value 0
Distance based indicates that
Inter-RAT blind handovers
handover to to the
UTRAN neighboring cell
E-UTRAN to are not allowed.
UTRAN CS/PS GUI Value
steering Range:0~32
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~32
Default Value:0

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

GeranNcell BlindHoPriority ADD LOFD-001020 / PS Inter-RAT Meaning:Indi-


GERANNCEL TDLOFD-0010 Mobility cates the priority
L 20 between E- of the
MOD TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN and neighboring cell
GERANNCEL 23 GERAN during blind
L SRVCC to handovers.
TDLOFD-0010 Blind handover
LST 34 GERAN
is a process in
GERANNCEL TDLOFD-0010 CS Fallback to which the
L 53 GERAN eNodeB
Flash CS instructs a UE to
Fallback to hand over to a
GERAN specified
neighboring
cell. There are
32 priorities
altogether. The
priority has a
positive
correlation with
the value of this
parameter. Note
that the value 0
indicates that
blind handovers
to the
neighboring cell
are not allowed.
GUI Value
Range:0~32
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~32
Default Value:0

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

CSFallBackHo CsfbHoUtranB1 MOD LOFD-001033 / CS Fallback to Meaning:Indi-


ThdRscp CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN cates the RSCP
HO 33 threshold for
LST event B1, which
CSFALLBACK is used in CS
HO fallback to
UTRAN. When
CS fallback to
UTRAN is
applicable, this
parameter is set
for UEs and used
in the evaluation
about whether to
trigger event B1.
This parameter
indicates the
RSCP
requirement for
the UTRAN
cells to be
included in the
measurement
report. A UE
sends a
measurement
report related to
event B1 to the
eNodeB when
the RSCP in at
least one
UTRAN cell
exceeds this
threshold and
other triggering
conditions are
met. For details,
see 3GPP TS
36.331.
GUI Value
Range:-120~-25
Unit:dBm
Actual Value
Range:-120~-25
Default
Value:-106

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

CSFallBackHo CsfbHoUtranB1 MOD LOFD-001033 / CS Fallback to Meaning:Indi-


ThdEcn0 CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN cates the Ec/No
HO 33 threshold for
LST event B1, which
CSFALLBACK is used in CS
HO fallback to
UTRAN. When
CS fallback to
UTRAN is
required, this
parameter is set
for UEs and used
in the evaluation
about whether to
trigger event B1.
This parameter
indicates the Ec/
No requirement
for the UTRAN
cells to be
included in the
measurement
report. A UE
sends a
measurement
report related to
event B1 to the
eNodeB when
the Ec/No in at
least one
UTRAN cell
exceeds this
threshold and
other triggering
conditions are
met. For a cell
with large signal
fading variance,
set this
parameter to a
large value to
prevent
unnecessary
handovers. For a
cell with small
signal fading
variance, set this
parameter to a
small value to

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

ensure timely
handovers. For
details, see
3GPP TS
36.331.
GUI Value
Range:-48~0
Unit:0.5dB
Actual Value
Range:-24~0,
step:0.5
Default
Value:-13

CSFallBackHo CsfbHoGeranB MOD LOFD-001034 / CS Fall Back to Meaning:Indi-


1Thd CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 GERAN cates the RSSI
HO 34 threshold for
LST event B1 that is
CSFALLBACK used in CS
HO fallback to
GERAN. A UE
sends a
measurement
report related to
event B1 to the
eNodeB when
the RSSI in at
least one
GERAN cell
exceeds this
threshold and
other triggering
conditions are
met. For details,
see 3GPP TS
36.331.
GUI Value
Range:-110~-48
Unit:dBm
Actual Value
Range:-110~-48
Default
Value:-103

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

CSFallBackHo CsfbHoUtranTi MOD LOFD-001033 / CS Fallback to Meaning:Indi-


meToTrig CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN cates the time-
HO 33 to-trigger for
LST event B1 that is
CSFALLBACK used in CS
HO fallback to
UTRAN. When
CS fallback to
UTRAN is
applicable, this
parameter is set
for UEs and used
in the evaluation
of whether to
trigger event B1.
When detecting
that the signal
quality in at least
one UTRAN
cell meets the
entering
condition, the
UE does not
send a
measurement
report to the
eNodeB
immediately.
Instead, the UE
sends a report
only when the
signal quality
continuously
meets the
entering
condition during
the time-to-
trigger. This
parameter helps
decrease the
number of
occasionally
triggered event
reports, the
average number
of handovers,
and the number
of wrong
handovers, and

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eRAN
CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

thus helps
prevent
unnecessary
handovers. For
details, see
3GPP TS
36.331.
GUI Value
Range:0ms,
40ms, 64ms,
80ms, 100ms,
128ms, 160ms,
256ms, 320ms,
480ms, 512ms,
640ms, 1024ms,
1280ms,
2560ms,
5120ms
Unit:ms
Actual Value
Range:0ms,
40ms, 64ms,
80ms, 100ms,
128ms, 160ms,
256ms, 320ms,
480ms, 512ms,
640ms, 1024ms,
1280ms,
2560ms,
5120ms
Default Value:
40ms

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

CSFallBackHo CsfbHoGeranTi MOD LOFD-001034 / CS Fall Back to Meaning:Indi-


meToTrig CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 GERAN cates the time-
HO 34 to-trigger for
LST event B1 that is
CSFALLBACK used in CS
HO fallback to
GERAN. When
CS fallback to
GERAN is
applicable, this
parameter is set
for UEs and used
in the evaluation
of whether to
trigger event B1.
When detecting
that the signal
quality in at least
one GERAN
cell meets the
entering
condition, the
UE does not
send a
measurement
report to the
eNodeB
immediately.
Instead, the UE
sends a report
only when the
signal quality
continuously
meets the
entering
condition during
the time-to-
trigger. This
parameter helps
decrease the
number of
occasionally
triggered event
reports, the
average number
of handovers,
and the number
of wrong
handovers, and

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

thus helps
prevent
unnecessary
handovers. For
details, see
3GPP TS
36.331.
GUI Value
Range:0ms,
40ms, 64ms,
80ms, 100ms,
128ms, 160ms,
256ms, 320ms,
480ms, 512ms,
640ms, 1024ms,
1280ms,
2560ms,
5120ms
Unit:ms
Actual Value
Range:0ms,
40ms, 64ms,
80ms, 100ms,
128ms, 160ms,
256ms, 320ms,
480ms, 512ms,
640ms, 1024ms,
1280ms,
2560ms,
5120ms
Default Value:
40ms

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

ENodeBAlgoS FreqLayerSwtic MOD LOFD-001087 SRVCC Meaning:This


witch h ENODEBALG LOFD-001078 / Flexible parameter
OSWITCH TDLOFD-0010 Steering to includes the
LST 78 UTRAN following three
ENODEBALG E-UTRAN to switches:
TDLOFD-0010 UtranFreqLayer
OSWITCH 22 UTRAN CS/PS
Steering MeasSwitch,
TDLOFD-0010 UtranFreqLayer
33 SRVCC to BlindSwitch,
UTRAN and
TDLOFD-0010
52 CS Fallback to UtranSrvccSwit
UTRAN ch.
TDLOFD-0010 UtranSrvccSwit
88 Flash CS
Fallback to ch takes effect
UTRAN only when
UtranFreqLayer
CS Fallback MeasSwitch is
Steering to turned on. If
UTRAN UtranFreqLayer
MeasSwitch is
turned on, the
UTRAN
hierarchy-based
measurement
algorithm takes
effect for
measurements
related to
coverage-based
and CSFB-
triggered
handovers from
EUTRAN to
UTRAN. If
UtranFreqLayer
BlindSwitch is
turned on, the
UTRAN
hierarchy-based
blind-handover
algorithm takes
effect for
coverage-based
and CSFB-
triggered blind
handovers from
EUTRAN
toUTRAN. If
UtranSrvccSwit

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

ch is turned on,
the UTRAN
SRVCC
hierarchy-based
measurement
algorithm takes
effect for
SRVCC-
triggered
handovers from
EUTRAN to
UTRAN.
GUI Value
Range:UtranFre
qLayerMeasSwi
tch
(UtranFreqLaye
rMeasSwitch),
UtranFreqLayer
BlindSwitch
(UtranFreqLaye
rBlindSwitch),
UtranSrvccSteer
ingSwitch
(UtranSrvcc-
SteeringSwitch)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:UtranFre
qLayerMeasSwi
tch,
UtranFreqLayer
BlindSwitch,
UtranSrvccSteer
ingSwitch
Default
Value:UtranFre
qLayerMeasSwi
tch:Off,
UtranFreqLayer
BlindSwitch:Of
f,
UtranSrvccSteer
ingSwitch:Off

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

UtranNFreq CsPriority ADD LOFD-001078 / E-UTRAN to Meaning:Indi-


UTRANNFRE TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN CS/PS cates the priority
Q 78 Steering for a
MOD TDLOFD-0010 CS Fallback to neighboring
UTRANNFRE 33 UTRAN UTRAN
Q frequency to
TDLOFD-0010 Flash CS carry CS
LST 52 Fallback to services. In
UTRANNFRE TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN coverage-based
Q 88 CS Fallback inter-RAT
Steering to SRVCC or
UTRAN CSFB to
UTRAN, if
UtranFreqLayer
MeasSwitch is
turned on, the
eNodeB
determines the
UTRAN
frequency to be
delivered to a
UE based on CS
service
priorities. The
eNodeB delivers
the UTRAN
frequency with
the highest CS
priority to the
UE by default.In
blind handovers
for CSFB to
UTRAN, if
UtranFreqLayer
BlindSwitch is
turned on, the
target cell for a
blind handover
is selected based
on CS service
priorities. The
cell on the
UTRAN
frequency with
the highest CS
priority is
selected by
default.When
this parameter is

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

set to Priority_0
for a UTRAN
frequency, the
UTRAN
frequency is not
included in CS
service priority
arrangement.
GUI Value
Range:Priority_
0(Priority 0),
Priority_1
(Priority 1),
Priority_2
(Priority 2),
Priority_3
(Priority 3),
Priority_4
(Priority 4),
Priority_5
(Priority 5),
Priority_6
(Priority 6),
Priority_7
(Priority 7),
Priority_8
(Priority 8),
Priority_9
(Priority 9),
Priority_10
(Priority 10),
Priority_11
(Priority 11),
Priority_12
(Priority 12),
Priority_13
(Priority 13),
Priority_14
(Priority 14),
Priority_15
(Priority 15),
Priority_16
(Priority 16)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:Priority_
0, Priority_1,
Priority_2,
Priority_3,

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

Priority_4,
Priority_5,
Priority_6,
Priority_7,
Priority_8,
Priority_9,
Priority_10,
Priority_11,
Priority_12,
Priority_13,
Priority_14,
Priority_15,
Priority_16
Default
Value:Priority_
2(Priority 2)

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

UtranNFreq ConnFreqPriorit ADD LOFD-001019 / PS Inter-RAT Meaning:Indi-


y UTRANNFRE TDLOFD-0010 Mobility cates the
Q 19 between E- frequency
MOD TDLBFD-0020 UTRAN and priority based on
UTRANNFRE 1803 UTRAN which the
Q Cell Selection eNodeB selects
TDLOFD-0010 a target
LST 22 and Re-selection
frequency for
UTRANNFRE TDLOFD-0010 SRVCC to blind redirection
Q 33 UTRAN or contains a
TDLOFD-0010 CS Fallback to frequency in a
52 UTRAN measurement
Flash CS configuration. If
TDLOFD-0010 a blind
43 Fallback to
UTRAN redirection is
TDLOFD-0010 triggered and the
72 Service based target
Inter-RAT neighboring cell
TDLOFD-0010 handover to
78 is not specified,
UTRAN the eNodeB
Distance based selects a target
Inter-RAT frequency based
handover to on this priority.
UTRAN If a
E-UTRAN to measurement
UTRAN CS/PS configuration is
steering to be delivered,
the eNodeB
preferentially
delivers a
frequency with
the highest
priority. If this
priority is set to
0 for a
frequency, this
frequency is not
selected as the
target frequency
for a blind
redirection. A
larger value
indicates a
higher priority.
GUI Value
Range:0~8
Unit:None

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

Actual Value
Range:0~8
Default Value:0

GlobalProcSwit UtranLoadTran- MOD None None Meaning:Indi-


ch sChan GLOBALPRO cates the UMTS
CSWITCH load
LST transmission
GLOBALPRO channel. The
CSWITCH BASED_ON_E
CO function is
temporarily
unavailable.
GUI Value
Range:NULL,
BASED_ON_R
IM,
BASED_ON_E
CO
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:NULL,
BASED_ON_R
IM,
BASED_ON_E
CO
Default
Value:NULL

CSFallBackHo CsfbProtection- MOD LOFD-001033 / CS Fallback to Meaning:Indi-


Timer CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN cates the timer
HO 33 CS Fallback to governing the
LST LOFD-001033 / GERAN period in which
CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 only CSFB can
Enhanced CS be performed .
HO 34 Fallback to After the timer
LOFD-001033 / CDMA2000 expires, the
TDLOFD-0010 1xRTT eNodeB
90 performs a blind
redirection for
the UE.
GUI Value
Range:1~10
Unit:s
Actual Value
Range:1~10
Default Value:4

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

InterRatHoCom GeranCellNum MOD LOFD-001034 / CS Fallback to Meaning:Indi-


m ForEmcRedirect INTERRATHO TDLOFD-0010 GERAN cates the
COMM 34 maximum
LST number of
INTERRATHO GERAN cell
COMM system
information
messages that
can be
transmitted
during a CSFB
emergency
redirection
procedure.
GUI Value
Range:0~32
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~32
Default Value:0

InterRatHoCom UtranCellNumF MOD LOFD-001033 / CS Fallback to Meaning:Indi-


m orEmcRedirect INTERRATHO TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN cates the
COMM 33 Flash CS maximum
LST TDLOFD-0010 Fallback to number of
INTERRATHO 52 UTRAN UTRAN cell
COMM system
information
messages that
can be
transmitted
during a CSFB
emergency
redirection
procedure.
GUI Value
Range:0~16
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~16
Default Value:0

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

UtranExternal- Rac ADD LOFD-001019 / PS Inter-RAT Meaning:Indi-


Cell UTRANEXTE TDLOFD-0010 Mobility cates the routing
RNALCELL 19 between E- area code.
MOD LOFD-001034 / UTRAN and GUI Value
UTRANEXTE TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN Range:0~255
RNALCELL 34 CS Fallback to Unit:None
LST LOFD-001052 / GERAN
Actual Value
UTRANEXTE TDLOFD-0010 Flash CS Range:0~255
RNALCELL 52 Fallback to
UTRAN Default Value:0
TDLOFD-0010
33 CS Fallback to
TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN
43 Service based
TDLOFD-0010 Inter-RAT
72 handover to
UTRAN
TDLOFD-0010
78 Distance based
Inter-RAT
handover to
UTRAN
E-UTRAN to
UTRAN CS/PS
steering

CSFallBackBlin CnOperatorId LST LOFD-001033 / CS Fallback to Meaning:Indi-


dHoCfg CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN cates the index
BLINDHOCFG 33 CS Fallback to of the operator.
MOD LOFD-001034 / GERAN GUI Value
CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 Flash CS Range:0~5
BLINDHOCFG 34 Fallback to Unit:None
TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN Actual Value
52 Flash CS Range:0~5
TDLOFD-0010 Fallback to Default
53 GERAN Value:None
TDLOFD-0010 CS Fallback to
35 CDMA2000
TDLOFD-0010 1xRTT
90 Enhanced CS
Fallback to
CDMA2000
1xRTT

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

CSFallBackBlin UtranLcsCap MOD LOFD-001033 / CS Fallback to Meaning:Indi-


dHoCfg CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 UTRAN cates the LCS
BLINDHOCFG 33 capability of the
LST UTRAN. If this
CSFALLBACK parameter is set
BLINDHOCFG to ON, the
UTRAN
supports LCS. If
this parameter is
set to OFF, the
UTRAN does
not support
LCS.
GUI Value
Range:OFF
(Off), ON(On)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:OFF, ON
Default
Value:OFF(Off)

GeranExternal- Rac ADD LOFD-001034 / CS Fallback to Meaning:Indi-


Cell GERANEXTE LOFD-001034 GERAN cates the routing
RNALCELL LOFD-001053 Flash CS area code.
MOD LOFD-001020 / Fallback to GUI Value
GERANEXTE TDLOFD-0010 GERAN Range:0~255
RNALCELL 20 PS Inter-RAT Unit:None
LST Mobility
Actual Value
GERANEXTE between E-
Range:0~255
RNALCELL UTRAN and
GERAN Default Value:0

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

CSFallBackBlin GeranLcsCap MOD LOFD-001034 / CS Fallback to Meaning:Indi-


dHoCfg CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 GERAN cates the LCS
BLINDHOCFG 34 capability of the
LST GERAN. If this
CSFALLBACK parameter is set
BLINDHOCFG to ON, the
GERAN
supports LCS. If
this parameter is
set to OFF, the
GERAN does
not support
LCS.
GUI Value
Range:OFF
(Off), ON(On)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:OFF, ON
Default
Value:OFF(Off)

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

S1Interface MmeRelease ADD / Star Topology Meaning:Indi-


S1INTERFACE TDLBFD-0030 Chain Topology cates the
MOD 0101 compliance
Tree Topology protocol release
S1INTERFACE /
TDLBFD-0030 S1-flex of the MME to
DSP which the
S1INTERFACE 0102
eNodeB is
/ connected
TDLBFD-0030 through the S1
0103 interface. The
TDLOFD-0010 eNodeB sends
18 S1 messages
complying with
the protocol
release specified
by this
parameter. The
value of this
parameter must
be the same as
the MME-
complied
protocol release.
If the parameter
value is different
from the MME-
complied
protocol release,
the way in which
the MME
handles these
message is
subject to the
MME
implementation.
GUI Value
Range:Release_
R8(Release 8),
Release_R9
(Release 9),
Release_R10
(Release 10)
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:Release_
R8, Release_R9,
Release_R10

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

Default
Value:Release_
R8(Release 8)

CSFallBackHo CsfbHoCdmaB MOD LOFD-001090 / Enhanced CS Meaning:Indi-


1ThdPs CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 Fallback to cates the pilot
HO 90 CDMA2000 strength
LST TDLOFD-0010 1xRTT threshold related
CSFALLBACK 88 CS Fallback to event B1,
HO Steering to which is used in
UTRAN CS fallback to
CDMA2000. A
UE sends a
measurement
report related to
event B1 to the
eNodeB when
the pilot strength
in at least one
CDMA2000 cell
exceeds this
threshold and
other triggering
conditions are
met. For details,
see 3GPP TS
36.331.
GUI Value
Range:-63~0
Unit:0.5dB
Actual Value
Range:-31.5~0,
step:0.5
Default
Value:-34

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

CSFallBackHo CsfbHoCdmaTi MOD LOFD-001090 / Enhanced CS Meaning:Indi-


meToTrig CSFALLBACK TDLOFD-0010 Fallback to cates the time-
HO 90 CDMA2000 to-trigger for
LST TDLOFD-0010 1xRTT event B1, which
CSFALLBACK 88 CS Fallback is used in CS
HO Steering to fallback to
UTRAN CDMA2000.
When CS
fallback to
CDMA2000 is
applicable, this
parameter is set
for UEs and used
in the evaluation
of whether to
trigger event B1.
When detecting
that the signal
quality in at least
one CDMA2000
cell meets the
entering
condition, the
UE does not
send a
measurement
report to the
eNodeB
immediately.
Instead, the UE
sends a report
only when the
signal quality
continuously
meets the
entering
condition during
the time-to-
trigger. This
parameter helps
reduce the
number of
occasionally
triggered event
reports, the
average number
of handovers,
and the number
of wrong

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 8 Parameters

MO Parameter ID MML Feature ID Feature Name Description


Command

handovers, and
hence helps
prevent
unnecessary
handovers. For
details, see
3GPP TS
36.331.
GUI Value
Range:0ms,
40ms, 64ms,
80ms, 100ms,
128ms, 160ms,
256ms, 320ms,
480ms, 512ms,
640ms, 1024ms,
1280ms,
2560ms,
5120ms
Unit:ms
Actual Value
Range:0ms,
40ms, 64ms,
80ms, 100ms,
128ms, 160ms,
256ms, 320ms,
480ms, 512ms,
640ms, 1024ms,
1280ms,
2560ms,
5120ms
Default Value:
40ms

CSFallBackHo LocalCellId LST None None Meaning:Indi-


CSFALLBACK cates the local
HO ID of the cell. It
MOD uniquely
CSFALLBACK identifies a cell
HO within a BS.
GUI Value
Range:0~17
Unit:None
Actual Value
Range:0~17
Default
Value:None

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 9 Counters

9 Counters

Table 9-1 Counter description


Counter ID Counter Name Counter Feature ID Feature Name
Description

1526726989 L.IRATHO.E2W.Pr Number of inter- LOFD-001019 PS Inter-RAT


epAttOut RAT handover LOFD-001022 Mobility between E-
attempts from E- UTRAN and
UTRAN to LOFD-001033 UTRAN
WCDMA network TDLOFD-001019 SRVCC to UTRAN
TDLOFD-001022 CS Fallback to
TDLOFD-001033 UTRAN
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
UTRAN
SRVCC to UTRAN
CS Fallback to
UTRAN

1526726990 L.IRATHO.E2W.E Number of inter- LOFD-001019 PS Inter-RAT


xecAttOut RAT handover LOFD-001022 Mobility between E-
executions from E- UTRAN and
UTRAN to LOFD-001033 UTRAN
WCDMA network TDLOFD-001019 SRVCC to UTRAN
TDLOFD-001022 CS Fallback to
TDLOFD-001033 UTRAN
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
UTRAN
SRVCC to UTRAN
CS Fallback to
UTRAN

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 9 Counters

Counter ID Counter Name Counter Feature ID Feature Name


Description

1526726991 L.IRATHO.E2W.E Number of LOFD-001019 PS Inter-RAT


xecSuccOut successful inter- LOFD-001022 Mobility between E-
RAT handovers UTRAN and
from E-UTRAN to LOFD-001033 UTRAN
WCDMA network TDLOFD-001019 SRVCC to UTRAN
TDLOFD-001022 CS Fallback to
TDLOFD-001033 UTRAN
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
UTRAN
SRVCC to UTRAN
CS Fallback to
UTRAN

1526726992 L.IRATHO.E2G.Pr Number of inter- LOFD-001020 PS Inter-RAT


epAttOut RAT handover LOFD-001023 Mobility between E-
attempts from E- UTRAN and
UTRAN to GERAN LOFD-001034 GERAN
TDLOFD-001020 SRVCC to GERAN
TDLOFD-001023 CS Fallback to
TDLOFD-001034 GERAN
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
GERAN
SRVCC to GERAN
CS Fallback to
GERAN

1526726993 L.IRATHO.E2G.Ex Number of inter- LOFD-001020 PS Inter-RAT


ecAttOut RAT handover LOFD-001023 Mobility between E-
executions from E- UTRAN and
UTRAN to GERAN LOFD-001034 GERAN
TDLOFD-001020 SRVCC to GERAN
TDLOFD-001023 CS Fallback to
TDLOFD-001034 GERAN
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
GERAN
SRVCC to GERAN
CS Fallback to
GERAN

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 9 Counters

Counter ID Counter Name Counter Feature ID Feature Name


Description

1526726994 L.IRATHO.E2G.Ex Number of LOFD-001020 PS Inter-RAT


ecSuccOut successful inter- LOFD-001023 Mobility between E-
RAT handovers UTRAN and
from E-UTRAN to LOFD-001034 GERAN
GERAN TDLOFD-001020 SRVCC to GERAN
TDLOFD-001023 CS Fallback to
TDLOFD-001034 GERAN
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
GERAN
SRVCC to GERAN
CS Fallback to
GERAN

1526727034 Handover from E- Success rate of inter- LOFD-001019 PS Inter-RAT


UTRAN to RAT handovers LOFD-001022 Mobility between E-
WCDMA Success from E-UTRAN to UTRAN and
Rate WCDMA network LOFD-001033 UTRAN
The counter will be TDLOFD-001019 SRVCC to UTRAN
deleted in later TDLOFD-001022 CS Fallback to
versions. It is TDLOFD-001033 UTRAN
reported normally in
the current version PS Inter-RAT
but the measurement Mobility between E-
value is invalid. You UTRAN and
are advised not to UTRAN
use this counter. SRVCC to UTRAN
CS Fallback to
UTRAN

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 9 Counters

Counter ID Counter Name Counter Feature ID Feature Name


Description

1526728306 L.IRATHO.E2G.Pr Number of inter- LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to


ep.FailOut.MME RAT handover TDLOFD-001034 GERAN
preparation failures CS Fallback to
from E-UTRAN to LOFD-001020
GERAN
GERAN because of TDLOFD-001020
faults on the MME PS Inter-RAT
LOFD-001046 Mobility between E-
side
TDLOFD-001046 UTRAN and
LOFD-001073 GERAN
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
GERAN
Service based inter-
RAT handover to
GERAN
Service based inter-
RAT handover to
GERAN
Distance based
inter-RAT handover
to GERAN

1526728307 L.IRATHO.E2G.Pr Number of inter- LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to


ep.FailOut.NoReply RAT handover TDLOFD-001034 GERAN
preparation failures CS Fallback to
from E-UTRAN to LOFD-001020
GERAN
GERAN because of TDLOFD-001020
no responses from PS Inter-RAT
LOFD-001046 Mobility between E-
GERAN
TDLOFD-001046 UTRAN and
LOFD-001073 GERAN
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
GERAN
Service based inter-
RAT handover to
GERAN
Service based inter-
RAT handover to
GERAN
Distance based
inter-RAT handover
to GERAN

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eRAN
CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 9 Counters

Counter ID Counter Name Counter Feature ID Feature Name


Description

1526728308 L.IRATHO.E2G.Pr Number of inter- LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to


ep.FailOut.PrepFai- RAT handover TDLOFD-001034 GERAN
lure preparation failures CS Fallback to
from E-UTRAN to LOFD-001020
GERAN
GERAN due TDLOFD-001020
tobecause GERAN PS Inter-RAT
LOFD-001046 Mobility between E-
cells send handover
preparation failure TDLOFD-001046 UTRAN and
messages LOFD-001073 GERAN
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
GERAN
Service based inter-
RAT handover to
GERAN
Service based inter-
RAT handover to
GERAN
Distance based
inter-RAT handover
to GERAN

1526728309 L.IRATHO.E2T.Pr Number of inter- LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to


ep.FailOut.MME RAT handover TDLOFD-001033 UTRAN
preparation failures CS Fallback to
from E-UTRAN to LOFD-001019
UTRAN
TD-SCDMA TDLOFD-001019
network because of PS Inter-RAT
LOFD-001043 Mobility between E-
faults on the MME
side TDLOFD-001043 UTRAN and
LOFD-001072 UTRAN
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
UTRAN
Service based inter-
RAT handover to
UTRAN
Service based inter-
RAT handover to
UTRAN
Distance based
inter-RAT handover
to UTRAN

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 9 Counters

Counter ID Counter Name Counter Feature ID Feature Name


Description

1526728310 L.IRATHO.E2T.Pr Number of inter- LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to


ep.FailOut.NoReply RAT handover TDLOFD-001033 UTRAN
preparation failures CS Fallback to
from E-UTRAN to LOFD-001019
UTRAN
TD-SCDMA TDLOFD-001019
network due PS Inter-RAT
LOFD-001043 Mobility between E-
tobecause of no
responses from TD- TDLOFD-001043 UTRAN and
SCDMA network LOFD-001072 UTRAN
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
UTRAN
Service based inter-
RAT handover to
UTRAN
Service based inter-
RAT handover to
UTRAN
Distance based
inter-RAT handover
to UTRAN

1526728311 L.IRATHO.E2T.Pr Number of inter- LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to


ep.FailOut.PrepFai- RAT handover TDLOFD-001033 UTRAN
lure preparation failures CS Fallback to
because TD- LOFD-001019
UTRAN
SCDMA network TDLOFD-001019
cells send handover PS Inter-RAT
LOFD-001043 Mobility between E-
preparation failure
messages TDLOFD-001043 UTRAN and
LOFD-001072 UTRAN
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
UTRAN
Service based inter-
RAT handover to
UTRAN
Service based inter-
RAT handover to
UTRAN
Distance based
inter-RAT handover
to UTRAN

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 9 Counters

Counter ID Counter Name Counter Feature ID Feature Name


Description

1526728312 L.IRATHO.BlindH Number of inter- LOFD-001019 PS Inter-RAT


O.E2W.ExecAttOut RAT blind LOFD-001022 Mobility between E-
handovers UTRAN and
executions from E- LOFD-001033 UTRAN
UTRAN to TDLOFD-001019 SRVCC to UTRAN
WCDMA network TDLOFD-001022 CS Fallback to
TDLOFD-001033 UTRAN
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
UTRAN
SRVCC to UTRAN
CS Fallback to
UTRAN

1526728313 L.IRATHO.BlindH Number of LOFD-001019 PS Inter-RAT


O.E2W.ExecSucc- successful inter- LOFD-001022 Mobility between E-
Out RAT blind UTRAN and
handovers from E- LOFD-001033 UTRAN
UTRAN to TDLOFD-001019 SRVCC to UTRAN
WCDMA network TDLOFD-001022 CS Fallback to
TDLOFD-001033 UTRAN
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
UTRAN
SRVCC to UTRAN
CS Fallback to
UTRAN

1526728314 L.IRATHO.BlindH Number of inter- LOFD-001020 PS Inter-RAT


O.E2G.ExecAttOut RAT blind LOFD-001023 Mobility between E-
handovers UTRAN and
executions from E- LOFD-001034 GERAN
UTRAN to GERAN TDLOFD-001020 SRVCC to GERAN
TDLOFD-001023 CS Fallback to
TDLOFD-001034 GERAN
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
GERAN
SRVCC to GERAN
CS Fallback to
GERAN

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 9 Counters

Counter ID Counter Name Counter Feature ID Feature Name


Description

1526728315 L.IRATHO.BlindH Number of LOFD-001020 PS Inter-RAT


O.E2G.ExecSucc- successful inter- LOFD-001023 Mobility between E-
Out RAT blind UTRAN and
handovers from E- LOFD-001034 GERAN
UTRAN to GERAN TDLOFD-001020 SRVCC to GERAN
TDLOFD-001023 CS Fallback to
TDLOFD-001034 GERAN
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
GERAN
SRVCC to GERAN
CS Fallback to
GERAN

1526728316 L.IRATHO.E2W.Pr Number of inter- LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to


ep.FailOut.MME RAT handover TDLOFD-001033 UTRAN
preparation failures CS Fallback to
from E-UTRAN to LOFD-001019
UTRAN
WCDMA network TDLOFD-001019
because of faults on PS Inter-RAT
LOFD-001043 Mobility between E-
the MME side
TDLOFD-001043 UTRAN and
LOFD-001072 UTRAN
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
UTRAN
Service based inter-
RAT handover to
UTRAN
Service based inter-
RAT handover to
UTRAN
Distance based
inter-RAT handover
to UTRAN

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eRAN
CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 9 Counters

Counter ID Counter Name Counter Feature ID Feature Name


Description

1526728317 L.IRATHO.E2W.Pr Number of inter- LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to


ep.FailOut.PrepFai- RAT handover TDLOFD-001033 UTRAN
lure preparation failures CS Fallback to
from E-UTRAN to LOFD-001019
UTRAN
WCDMA network TDLOFD-001019
because WCDMA PS Inter-RAT
LOFD-001043 Mobility between E-
network cells send
handover TDLOFD-001043 UTRAN and
preparation failure LOFD-001072 UTRAN
messages PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
UTRAN
Service based inter-
RAT handover to
UTRAN
Service based inter-
RAT handover to
UTRAN
Distance based
inter-RAT handover
to UTRAN

1526728318 L.IRATHO.E2W.Pr Number of inter- LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to


ep.FailOut.NoReply RAT handover TDLOFD-001033 UTRAN
preparation failures CS Fallback to
from E-UTRAN to LOFD-001019
UTRAN
WCDMA network TDLOFD-001019
because of no PS Inter-RAT
LOFD-001043 Mobility between E-
responses from
WCDMA network TDLOFD-001043 UTRAN and
LOFD-001072 UTRAN
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
UTRAN
Service based inter-
RAT handover to
UTRAN
Service based inter-
RAT handover to
UTRAN
Distance based
inter-RAT handover
to UTRAN

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 9 Counters

Counter ID Counter Name Counter Feature ID Feature Name


Description

1526728321 L.CSFB.PrepAtt Number of CSFB LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to


indicators received TDLOFD-001033 UTRAN
by the eNodeB CS Fallback to
LOFD-001034
UTRAN
TDLOFD-001034
CS Fallback to
LOFD-001035 GERAN
CS Fallback to
GERAN
CS Fallback to
CDMA2000 1xRTT

1526728322 L.CSFB.PrepSucc Number of LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to


successful CSFB TDLOFD-001033 UTRAN
responses from the CS Fallback to
eNodeB LOFD-001034
UTRAN
TDLOFD-001034
CS Fallback to
LOFD-001035 GERAN
CS Fallback to
GERAN
CS Fallback to
CDMA2000 1xRTT

1526728323 L.CSFB.E2W Number of LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to


procedures for TDLOFD-001033 UTRAN
CSFB to WCDMA CS Fallback to
network UTRAN

1526728324 L.CSFB.E2G Number of LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to


procedures for TDLOFD-001034 GERAN
CSFB to GERAN CS Fallback to
GERAN

1526728326 L.RRCRedirection. Number of LOFD-001019 PS Inter-RAT


E2W redirections from E- LOFD-001033 Mobility between E-
UTRAN to UTRAN and
WCDMA network TDLOFD-001019 UTRAN
TDLOFD-001033 CS Fallback to
UTRAN
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
UTRAN
CS Fallback to
UTRAN

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 9 Counters

Counter ID Counter Name Counter Feature ID Feature Name


Description

1526728327 L.RRCRedirection. Number of LOFD-001020 PS Inter-RAT


E2G redirections from E- LOFD-001034 Mobility between E-
UTRAN to GERAN UTRAN and
TDLOFD-001020 GERAN
TDLOFD-001034 CS Fallback to
GERAN
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
GERAN
CS Fallback to
GERAN

1526728328 L.IRATHO.BlindH Number of inter- LOFD-001033 CS Fallback to


O.E2W.PrepAttOut RAT blind handover TDLOFD-001033 UTRAN
attempts from E- CS Fallback to
UTRAN to LOFD-001019
UTRAN
WCDMA network TDLOFD-001019
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
UTRAN
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
UTRAN

1526728329 L.IRATHO.BlindH Number of inter- LOFD-001034 CS Fallback to


O.E2G.PrepAttOut RAT blind handover TDLOFD-001034 GERAN
attempts from E- CS Fallback to
UTRAN to GERAN LOFD-001020
GERAN
TDLOFD-001020
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
GERAN
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
GERAN

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 9 Counters

Counter ID Counter Name Counter Feature ID Feature Name


Description

1526728330 L.RRCRedirection. Number of LOFD-001019 PS Inter-RAT


E2W.PrepAtt redirection LOFD-001033 Mobility between E-
preparations from E- UTRAN and
UTRAN to TDLOFD-001019 UTRAN
WCDMA network TDLOFD-001033 CS Fallback to
UTRAN
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
UTRAN
CS Fallback to
UTRAN

1526728331 L.RRCRedirection. Number of LOFD-001020 PS Inter-RAT


E2G.PrepAtt redirection LOFD-001034 Mobility between E-
preparations from E- UTRAN and
UTRAN to GERAN TDLOFD-001020 GERAN
TDLOFD-001034 CS Fallback to
GERAN
PS Inter-RAT
Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
GERAN
CS Fallback to
GERAN

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 9 Counters

Counter ID Counter Name Counter Feature ID Feature Name


Description

1526728377 L.IRATHO.E2W.Pr Number of inter- LOFD-001019 PS Inter-RAT


epAttOut.PLMN RAT handover LOFD-001022 Mobility between E-
attempts from E- UTRAN and
UTRAN to LOFD-001033 UTRAN
WCDMA network TDLOFD-001019 SRVCC to UTRAN
for a specific TDLOFD-001022
operator CS Fallback to
TDLOFD-001033 UTRAN
LOFD-001036 PS Inter-RAT
LOFD-001037 Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
TDLOFD-001036 UTRAN
TDLOFD-001037 SRVCC to UTRAN
CS Fallback to
UTRAN
RAN Sharing with
Common Carrier
RAN Sharing with
Dedicated Carrier
RAN Sharing with
Common Carrier
RAN Sharing with
Dedicated Carrier

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 9 Counters

Counter ID Counter Name Counter Feature ID Feature Name


Description

1526728378 L.IRATHO.E2W.E Number of inter- LOFD-001019 PS Inter-RAT


xecAttOut.PLMN RAT handover LOFD-001022 Mobility between E-
executions from E- UTRAN and
UTRAN to LOFD-001033 UTRAN
WCDMA network TDLOFD-001019 SRVCC to UTRAN
for a specific TDLOFD-001022
operator CS Fallback to
TDLOFD-001033 UTRAN
LOFD-001036 PS Inter-RAT
LOFD-001037 Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
TDLOFD-001036 UTRAN
TDLOFD-001037 SRVCC to UTRAN
CS Fallback to
UTRAN
RAN Sharing with
Common Carrier
RAN Sharing with
Dedicated Carrier
RAN Sharing with
Common Carrier
RAN Sharing with
Dedicated Carrier

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 9 Counters

Counter ID Counter Name Counter Feature ID Feature Name


Description

1526728379 L.IRATHO.E2W.E Number of LOFD-001019 PS Inter-RAT


xecSuccOut.PLMN successful inter- LOFD-001022 Mobility between E-
RAT handovers UTRAN and
from E-UTRAN to LOFD-001033 UTRAN
WCDMA network TDLOFD-001019 SRVCC to UTRAN
for a specific TDLOFD-001022
operator CS Fallback to
TDLOFD-001033 UTRAN
LOFD-001036 PS Inter-RAT
LOFD-001037 Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
TDLOFD-001036 UTRAN
TDLOFD-001037 SRVCC to UTRAN
CS Fallback to
UTRAN
RAN Sharing with
Common Carrier
RAN Sharing with
Dedicated Carrier
RAN Sharing with
Common Carrier
RAN Sharing with
Dedicated Carrier

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 9 Counters

Counter ID Counter Name Counter Feature ID Feature Name


Description

1526728380 L.IRATHO.E2G.Pr Number of inter- LOFD-001020 PS Inter-RAT


epAttOut.PLMN RAT handover LOFD-001023 Mobility between E-
attempts from E- UTRAN and
UTRAN to GERAN LOFD-001034 GERAN
for a specific TDLOFD-001020 SRVCC to GERAN
operator TDLOFD-001023 CS Fallback to
TDLOFD-001034 GERAN
LOFD-001036 PS Inter-RAT
LOFD-001037 Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
TDLOFD-001036 GERAN
TDLOFD-001037 SRVCC to GERAN
CS Fallback to
GERAN
RAN Sharing with
Common Carrier
RAN Sharing with
Dedicated Carrier
RAN Sharing with
Common Carrier
RAN Sharing with
Dedicated Carrier

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 9 Counters

Counter ID Counter Name Counter Feature ID Feature Name


Description

1526728381 L.IRATHO.E2G.Ex Number of inter- LOFD-001020 PS Inter-RAT


ecAttOut.PLMN RAT handover LOFD-001023 Mobility between E-
executions from E- UTRAN and
UTRAN to GERAN LOFD-001034 GERAN
for a specific TDLOFD-001020 SRVCC to GERAN
operator TDLOFD-001023 CS Fallback to
TDLOFD-001034 GERAN
LOFD-001036 PS Inter-RAT
LOFD-001037 Mobility between E-
UTRAN and
TDLOFD-001036 GERAN
TDLOFD-001037 SRVCC to GERAN
CS Fallback to
GERAN
RAN Sharing with
Common Carrier
RAN Sharing with
Dedicated Carrier
RAN Sharing with
Common Carrier
RAN Sharing with
Dedicated Carrier

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CS Fallback Feature Parameter Description 9 Counters

Counter ID Counter Name Counter Feature ID Feature Name


Description

1526728382 L.IRATHO.E2G.Ex Number of LOFD-001020 PS Inter-RAT


ecSuccOut.PLMN successful inter- LOFD-001023 Mobility between E-
RAT handovers UTRAN and
from E-UTRAN to LOFD-001034 GERAN