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12TH December 2016

A. Grammar Causative/Passive/Imperative Reported speech 15 points ( 15x1)

a) 1. A local firm redecorated our kitchen. We

2. A doctor took out her tonsils when she was six. She .
3. Be careful! These walls have just been painted.Be careful! I ..
4. There was a leak in the roof so they're fixing it now. There was a leak in the roof so I .
5. The hairdresser should cut your hair. It's too long and untidy! You ..

b) 1. The police have arrested the thieves.

2. Jane gave me a present for my birthday.
3. They are building a new car park in the neighbourhood.
4. A professional photographer will take all my wedding photographs.
5. Everybody should read this article carefully.

c) 1. Andrew: "Clean the blue bike!" Andrew told me

2. Jessica: "Write a text message!" Jessica told me
3. Nelly: "Help Peter's sister!" Nelly told me
4. The officer to us: "Do not park here." He told us
5. Merry to her uncle: "Don't be mad at me." Merry told him

B. Writing: 40 points
Express you opinion on one of the following statements; give relevant arguments, examples, pay attention to layout and
paragraphing; Do avoid repetition! 140-190 words.
1. Is life easier for someone who is good looking or kind?
2. People who live in flats shouldn`t keep pets.
3. Is TV a blessing or a curse?
4. Sport is a hobby not a career.
C. Reading: 10 points

The World of Parkour

In 1902, a volcano in the Caribbean island of Martinique blew up. A French naval officer on the scene, Lt. George Hbert
managed to coordinate the rescue of over 700 people, both indigenous and European. He noticed, as he did so, how people
moved, some well, some badly, around the obstacles in their path, and how this affected their chances of survival. Hbert
had travelled widely and was well aware of skills many indigenous people exhibited in being able to traverse the natural
environment. From these experiences, Hbert developed a training discipline which he called the natural method in which
climbing, jumping and running techniques were used to negotiate obstacles. His method was adopted by the French
military and became the basis for all their training. In time, it became known as parcours du combattant the path of the
Raymond Belle was a practitioner of parcour in Vietnam in the 1950s. He had great athletic ability, and the skills and agility
he had learnt through parcour earned him a reputation as an agile and elite soldier. In later life, he returned to France and
passed on his skills to his son, David, who combined what he had learnt from his father with his own knowledge of martial
arts and gymnastics, and in time, the sport of parkour was born.
Parkour involves a range of moves, although none are official. They involve vaulting, jumping and landing accurately on
small and narrow features, catching ledges, traversing high wall and landing with a rolling impact to absorb impacts.
Belle formed a group of traceurs called the Yamikasi, meaning strong man, strong spirit, that included his friend, Sebastian
Foucan. In time, the two of them started to follow different paths. Belle concentrated on the art of getting from place to
place in the most efficient way possible, while Foucan developed his own style which involved more self expression. This he
termed freerunning.
From the late 1990s, the art and sport of parkour spread worldwide. Both Belle and Foucan gave interviews and appeared
on television. In 2003, filmmaker Mike Christie made the film Jump London, and urban freerunning, or freeflow, began to
dominate the London scene. But it was the arrival of YouTube in 2005 that really brought freerunning to a global audience.
People around the world began to post their videos online, making freerunning a mainstream sport, and in 2007, the first
major freerunning and parkour competition was held in Vienna.
Since parkour values freedom, there are few facilities dedicated to the practice. Traceurs use both rural and urban areas,
typically parks, offices and abandoned buildings. Traceurs generally respect the environment they practice in, and since part
of their philosophy is leave no trace, there have been few concerns over damage to property. However, law enforcement and
fire and rescue teams argue that freerunners are risking their lives needlessly., especially when they practice at height.
However, practitioners argue that injuries are rare, because they rely on their own hands and feet rather than things out of
their immediate control, such as ice and wheels, as is the case with skiing and race-driving.

1 George Hebert developed parcour du combattant 3 Raymond Belle

a) was trained by George Hebert.
a) he saw native people doing it in Martinique. b) gave the discipline its new name.
b) he saw how it could save lives. c) was a notable practitioner of the natural method.
c) he saw how the French were poor at negotiating
obstacles. 4 David Belle

2 The natural method...

a) brought in moves from other disciplines.
b) also learnt parcour while in the French
a) was replaced by Heberts new discipline.
b) was taught to Hebert by indigenous people.
c) learnt parcour from his father in Vietnam.
c) was widely practiced by the French military.

a) a parkour move.
b) someone who practices parkour.
5 A traceur is
c) an obstacle in a parkour course.

6 Freerunning differs from parkour in that

a) it is faster. 8. According to practitioners, where is the best place to
do parkour or free-running?
b) it is more creative.
c) it is more efficient.
a) in cities
7. What brought parkour and freerunning to an b) in safe facilities
international audience? c) wherever you like

a) TV appearances and interviews

b) a British documentary
c) a video sharing website

D. Vocabulary: 25 points

Word formation: (2,5)

1. _______________is a very effective way to reduce crime. PREVENT

2. The way people communicate changed with the ______________of the mobile phones. INTRODUCE

3. Swimming alone in unknown waters can be ___________________DANGER

4. The crime rate in this area has been increasing _______________________STEADY
5. You should make your credit card _____________________on time. PAY

One word: (10)

1. The police have still not found the man who_______________the crime.
2. I had a puncture and to make matters ________________the car battery was flat.
3. The old man was__________________of his money.
4. If you like your meals prepared fast and easy , then you need a ________________oven.
5. An eye_____________gave the detective a detailed account of the incident.
6. Keep in ___________that this needs to be finished before Monday.
7. I don`t think it would be proper to wear_____________clothes to the wedding reception.
8. In our _______________department today you buy recycled envelopes and note pads for 1 $.
9. I can`t afford a long holiday because I am on a _________________budget.
10. I like to spend my holidays with my nearest and ________________________

Multiple choice: (2,5)

1. If you are caught cheating/deceiving/forging on an exam you will not receive a grade.
2. Professor Marcus is married with/to/ at a well-known actress.
3. The two kidnappers/ muggers/burglars demanded a ransom to release the businessman.
4. If I were you, I `d take more confidence/pride/dedication in my work.
5. The zip is uneven/ broken/loose so don`t put anything in the bag.

Give examples, at least 4: (5)

Types of criminals:
Electrical appliances:

Give the correct preposition: (2,5)

nervous..named.proud..preventto keep track..sth

Use the following structures in sentences of your own: (2,5)

Nose for a trouble; lose your trousers; hold on; safe and sound; look through

Overall points: 90+ 10 = 100

Good luck and be attentive!