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chemical engineering course structure on fluid mechanics

- Journal of Fluid Mechanics Digital Archive Volume 64 issue 1974 [doi 10.1017_S0022112074002369] P. Hall -- Unsteady viscous flow in a pipe of slowly varying cross-section.pdf
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Introduction

The concept of a fluid

Static Deflection of the solid

Equilibrium and Mohrs circle

The Fluid as a Continuum

Dimensions and Units

Primary dimensions

Unit Systems

The Principle of Dimensional Homogeneity

p+V+gZ = constant

Properties of the Velocity Field

Eulerian and Lagrangian Descriptions

The Velocity Field

V(x,y,z,t) iu(x,y,z,t) + jv(x,y,z,t) + kw(x,y,z,t)

Thermodynamic Properties of a Fluid

Pressure p

Density

Temperature T

Internal energy u

Enthalpy h = u + p/

Entropy s

Specific heats cp and cv

Coefficient of viscosity

Thermal Conductivity k

Viscosity and Other Secondary Properties

Viscosity

= d/dt = du/dy

Reynolds number

RE= VL/

Kinematic Viscosity

=/

Buoyancy and Stability

Uniform Linear acceleration

Pbms rel: Angle of tilt = taninv (a/a+g)

Rigid-Body Rotation

Pbms rel: Angular velocity () and position vectors are given.

Pressure measurement instrumentsmanometer, barometer.

Mass conservation

Continuity Equation

Polar coordinates:

Spherical coordinates:

Incompressible flow:

is constant

Momentum Conservation

Assumptions

Navier stokes

Boundary Conditions

The stream function

Vorticity

(Poissons Equation)

Frictionless irrotational flows

Non dimensionalisation of the basic equation

Where:

hf = Friction head loss

f = Darcy resistance factor

L = Length of the pipe

D = Pipe diameter

V = Mean velocity

g = acceleration due to gravity

Laminar fully developed pipe flow

The Moody Chart

Haalands formula

Hydraulic diameter

Dh = 4A/ = 4xarea

------------------

Wetted perimeter

Flow

Between Parallel Plates

Through a Concentric Annulus

Valves:

Gate, globe, angle...

Pipes in series,

Pipes in parallel

Three-Reservoir Junction

Fluid Meters

Pitot-static tube

Lasser-doppler anemometer (LDA)

Hot-Wire anemometer

Turbine meter

Vortex meter

Rotameter

Coriolis mass flow meter

The Boundary Layer Equations

Derivation for Two-Dimensional Flow

Approximations

The flat plate boundary layer

Boundary layers with pressure gradients

Creeping flow

Elementary Plane Flow Solutions:

Uniform stream in the x Direction

Line Source or Sink at the Origin

Line Irrotational Vortex

Superposition:

Source Plus an Equal Sink

Sink plus a Vortex at the Origin

Uniform Stream Plus a Sink at the Origin: The Rankine Half-Body

Uniform Stream at an Angle

Circulation

Flow Past a Circular Cylinder with Circulation

Axis symmetric Potential Flow

Spherical Polar coordinates

Uniform stream in the x direction

Point Source or Sink

Point Doublet

Uniform Stream plus a Point Source

Uniform Stream plus a Point Doublet

Classification of pumps

The Centrifugal Pump

Elementary Pump Theory

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