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WHAT IS

CONVENTIONAL HOUSING ?
HOUSING
TERMS

Residential Land Title Commercial

You can do anything you like in your house, You are not allowed to convert your property
i.e. host a party, call guests over, buy whatever into a house, i.e. no hosting parties, no
furniture you want moving a bed and wardrobe in
You can turn on your air-cond anytime you like You are not allowed to have your air-cond
You are not bound by law to have a working turned on 24/7 in the common areas, which is
water sprinkler in your house in case of a fire why most offices have a centralised air-cond
It is not compulsory for you to have fire system which they can turn off at a stipulated
insurance in case your property burns down hour
You can have a proper kitchen, not just a It is compulsory for all commercial properties
pantry to have water sprinklers as ruled by the
You are not allowed to convert your house Bomba department
into an office or a shop, you will need special It is compulsory for all commercial properties
approval and permits for that to have fire insurance in case the property
Water, electricity, Indah Water, quit rent and burns down as ruled by the Bomba
assessment fees follow residential (cheaper) department
rates Commercial properties are only allowed to
have a pantry, not a kitchen (restaurants are
exceptions with special approval)
Water, electricity, Indah Water, quit rent and
assessment fees follow commercial (more
expensive) rates
HOUSING
TERMS

SoHo SoFo SoVo

Small office + Home office, SoFo is technically flexible SoVo is technically versatile
protected under HDA offices where you can decide offices where you can partition
where you want to put your off areas to have an additional
* Housing Development Act (HDA) pantry, where you want to put office or two, push the walls
is used to protect buyers interests your room, and were you wish back, or renovate it as you wish
have your office.

Serviced
Flats Apartment Condominium
Apartment

Residential title Residential title Residential title Usually commercial title


Low end Low end High end High end
Walk-up, no lift and Comes with lift Full facilities Full facilities
typically 5 storeys tall Has simple facilities Minimum land area of High security (e.g. 3-
No facilities such as a playground 4,000 square meters tier security)
Non gated & guarded and landscaping Usually higher security Indoor parking lots
Outdoor parking lot Gated & guarded (e.g. 3-tier security)
Conventional Housing High Rise

A tall building, in some areas it may be referred to as an MDU


standing for Multi Dwelling Unit. A group of such buildings is called an
apartment complex or office complex.

Buildings with fifty or more stories is generally considered a


skyscrapper.

Studies often required to ensure that pedestrian wind comfort and


wind danger concerns are addressed. In order to allow less wind
exposure, to transmit more daylight to the ground and to appear more
slender, many high-rises have a design with setbacks.
AFFORDABLE HOUSING
LIST OF PROJECTS IN MALAYSIA

Skim Perumahan Rakyat 1 Malaysia (PR1MA)


Skim Perumahan Mampu Milik Swasta (MyHome)
Perumahan Penjabat Awam 1Malaysia (PPA1M)
Program Perumahan Rakyat (PPR)
Rumah Mesra Rakyat 1Malaysia (RMR1M)
Rumah Mampu Milik Wilayah Persekutuan (RUMAWIP)
Rumah Selangorku
Rumah Idaman Rakyat (RIR)
COMPARABLE BENCH MARK
CLIENTS BRIEF

Co-
Conventional
Housing

Site Size 1.94 acres 1.00 acres

No. of units 120 x 1.94 = 233 units 50 x 1.00 = 50 units

Unit Types i. 60sqm: 1 bedroom


ii. 80sqm: 2 bedrooms + 1 study
iii. 100sqm: 3 bedrooms + 1 study

DBKL REQUIREMENT

Density 400 ppa (1 unit 4 person)

Plinth Area 50% of residential land Not available for now (To find out at DBKL)

Parking Requirement 1 cp/ 1 unit + 10% visitors


30% mp x total no of units
COMPARABLE BENCH MARK
MULTI-STOREY RESIDENTIAL HIGH RISE AROUND SITE (RADIUS OF 1KM)

5
6
4
7

3
2
8

1
COMPARABLE BENCH MARK
MULTI-STOREY RESIDENTIAL HIGH RISE PRICE COMPARISON

1 2 3 4

Price per sqft Distance to


Type No. Building name Location Area (sqft) Price (RM)
(RM) site (km)
950 - 1060
Apartment 1 Ixora Apartment Jalan Tun Razak 370,000 450,000 336 3.1

Serviced
2 Casa Mutiara Jalan Pudu 355 - 750 348,000 610,000 980 1
Apartment
Serviced 433,880
3 Swiss Garden Residences Jalan Pudu 550 - 2700 1112 1.5
Apartment 3,613,800

Condominium 4 38 Bidara Jalan Bidara 756 580,000 347 1.1

278,000
Condominium 5 One Residency Jalan Nagasari 745 - 1893 474 1.1
1,890,000
Serviced Jalan Raja 590,000
6 Seri Bukit Ceylon 584 - 1260 1053 1.3
Apartment Chulan 1,400,000

Condominium 7 Laman Ceylon Jalan Ceylon 624 - 1604 690,000 - 1161 1.5

Serviced
8 Casa Residency Jalan Galloway 535 - 1066 584 1,150,000 700 1.7
Apartment
577,000
Condominium 9 Six Ceylon Jalan Ceylon 750 - 900 1017 1.5
1,200,000

5 6 7 8 9
COMPARABLE BENCH MARK
PR1MA BUKIT BINTANG @ JALAN JUBILEE, KL

Jenis kediaman: Apartment

Jumlah unit: 543

Cadangan kawasan tapak projek: 2.5 Ekar

Status tanah
Pegangan bebas

Cadangan saiz unit


Jenis A & A2: 1,010 kps (3 bilik tidur, 2 bilik air)
Jenis A1: 1,017 (3 bilik tidur, 2 bilik air)
Jenis A3 & A5: 1,037 kps (3 bilik tidur, 2 bilik air)
Jenis A4: 1,045 kps (3 bilik tidur, 2 bilik air)
Jenis B: 906 kps (2 bilik tidur, 2 bilik air)
Jenis B1: 909 kps (2 bilik tidur, 2 bilik air)
Jenis B2: 907 kps (2 bilik tidur, 2 bilik air)
Jenis C & C1: 1,089 kps (3 bilik tidur, 2 bilik air)

Lokasi & akses mudah


Jalan Jubiliee
Jalan Loke Yew

Cadangan kemudahan
Surau
Dewan komuniti
Taska
Tadika
Taman permainan

Harga daripada: RM 275,000


WHAT IS
CO HOUSING ?
WHAT IS COHOUSING ?
Cohousing is a form of intentional community that was imported from Denmark in the late 80s. It provides
the privacy we are used to with the community that we seek. It is currently spreading widely across the Europe
and USA.

It can also be defined as an intentional community of private homes clustered around shared space.

PRIVATE HOMES

BEDROOMS TRADITIONAL PRIVATE KITCHEN


AMENITIES / PANTRY

SHARED SPACE

LARGE DINING AREA LAUNDRY RECREATIONAL


KITCHEN SPACE
SHARED SPACE
(OUTDOOR)

WALKWAY GARDEN
PARKING OPEN SPACE
Each house have independent income and private lives but the neighbors collectively plan and
manage the communal activities of the place. These activities includes :

1. Regularly scheduled shared meals


2. Meetings
3. Workdays
4. Parties
5. Games
6. Movies
7. Festive events

Cohousing makes it easier to form clubs and organize social communal care and carpool. Group of
peoples with the same interests and backgrounds can live together and conduct their activities
safely and efficiently.

URBAN COHOUSING

Smaller lots in urban locations encourage the use of townhouses and apartment flats.

Jamaica Plain Cohousing fits 30 units on of an acre while still creating a generous common
courtyard and common house.

Many Urban Cohousing communities incorporate underground parking as a strategy for providing
more open spaces.
COMPONENTS OF COHOUSING
1) Participatory process : Residents help organize and participate in the planning and design
process for the housing development, and they are responsible as a group for final decision

2) Deliberate Neighborhood Design : The physical design encourages a strong sense of


community.

3) Extensive Common Facilities : Common areas are an integral part of the community , designed
for daily use and to supplement private living areas.

4) Complete Resident Management : Residents manage the development, making decisions of


common concern at community meetings.

5) Non-Hierarchal structure : there area not really leadership roles. The responsibility for the
decisions are shared by the community adults.

6) Separate Income Sources : Residents have their own primary incomes, the community does not
generate income.
The common space is the integral part of North Americas 50th Cohousing
the component In cohousing. It is the Community is preserved in the 1917
hearth of the dwellers. A good cohousing Swan's Market building in the historic
shall have a common space that Old Oakland neighborhood. Cohousing
promotes inter-tenant connectivity and can also be utilized to uplift the historical
interactivity. characteristic of a site.
Typically, the common house plays the most important role in making a cohousing successful
and beneficial for the users. The common house design could be :

1. Located at a common path or an entrance where the residents have to pass the
common house on their way home so the dwellers will feel connected and feel that
they are an integral part of the community.

2. Visible from each rooms or even outside of each house so people are more likely to
join in when there is any activity visible to them.

3. Equidistant from all the private homes.

1. 2. 3.
EXAMPLES OF COMMUNITY LAYOUT

Varieties of co-housing floor plans by


Nathan Majeski and Linda Hallgren.
Blue
TYPICAL COHOUSING DESIGN SCHEME
The scheme may varies depending on the condition of the site, the common house interaction
needed by the dwellers, and also the consensus from the residents. Among the design schemes
are:

Retrieved from: http://design.uoregon.edu


In Malaysia, cohousing has yet to be explored, particularly in an urban context. However, these
factors may encourage the urban dwellers to embrace the new way of cohousing living style in an
urban context:

COMMUNITY
People living in a cohousing environment is happier, healthier and engaged in
social interactions and connections. People can enjoy their privacy individuality,
while at the same time they can enjoy the connections with other people by
simply walking outside of their room.

SUSTAINABILITY
Cohousing allows residents to gather their efforts and resources for occasional
shared meals and child care. Some cohousing also preferred to have a shared
gardens where environmentally-friendly structures can contribute to lower carbon
footprints.

LIFE ENHANCEMENT
Cohousing can enhance urban living lifestyle by providing a better feeling of
security, both physically and financially. Common values shared by the dwellers
usually encompass a healthy lifestyle, environmental friendly approach and the
positive growth of the society they live in.

Although it has yet to be implemented in Kuala Lumpur, the research conducted by Coho/US in 2011
confirms that cohousing is beneficial for children, parents, singles, seniors, the neighborhoods around them,
and most importantly, the environment. It also improves the members happiness and life satisfaction, and
reduces the energy consumption and resource management.
ADVANTAGES OF COHOUSING
Economically
1. A co-housing is neither a public nor a profit seeking organization
2. Its principal objective is to eliminate economic exploitation as it is controlled by members only
3. Contrary to public housing, co-housing provides opportunities to its members to control the
house designs at the planning stages.
4. The maintenance of the estate is also in the hands of members, which leads to maintenance at
lesser expenses and in better way
5. Sharing resources with other community members. Sharing tasks and chores cooking, providing
childcare, and driving, can offer savings in both time and money.
Socially
1. In our mobile and fast-paced society, co-housing can offer support and sense of unity to people
who are often geographically separated from their traditional families.
2. Shared childcare arrangements, a community of caring adults, friendship, peer support, help with
chores and assistance during lifes stressful times.
3. Houses that are arranged facing each other encourage public surveillance thus creating a safer
living environment.

Neighborhood benefits
1. Co-housing communities, far from being insular, are often involved in a broad range of
neighborhood sustainability projects such as tree-planting, community gardens, speed bump and
bicycle lane safety advocacy, affordable housing, recycling, and green space preservation.
DISADVANTAGES OF COHOUSING
Economically
1. Limited capital- owners may not have complete control over their property should they decide to sell since
many communities have right to first buying refusal.
2. Few individuals may discover that they do not use the common facilities yet have no way to avoid paying the
associated dues since they are part of the ownership contract.
3. New co-housing communities may take more time, money and energy to plan and develop.

Socially
1. Restrictive in regards to privacy and individualism because of the open nature of the communities where
members are highly involved in each others lives.
2. Every changes and decisions must be agreed upon by entire community in many cases.
3. Since Malaysia is a multi racial country with different religious and beliefs, we have to consider some restrictions
such as Muslims have a strict dietary of eating foods that are halal.

COHOUSING : SUSTAINABLE URBAN LIVING

1. Clustered housing saves valuable land for community facilities, recreation and conservation

2. Smaller homes save construction materials and energy for cooling system

3. Sharing items means less consumption of non-renewable resources and more socio-economically
sustainable.
References :

1. http://www.cohousing.org/what_is_cohousing retrieved 15th February 2017


2. http://www.cohousing.org/www.cohousing.org/what_is_cohousing/whychoose
retrieved 15th February 2017
3. http://www.cohousing.org/slideshow_what_is_cohousing retrieved 15th February
2017

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