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English Translations of

Majmooal-Fatawa
of late Scholar Ibn
Bazz (R)
Second Edition
By:
Sheikh `Abdul `Aziz Bin `Abdullah ibn
`AbdulRahman ibn Bazz (May Allah forgive and
reward al-Firdouse to him and his parents)

He was The Mufti of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,


Chairman of the Council of Senior Scholars,
and Chairman of Department of Scholarly Research and
Ifta'

This English Translations are collected from


http://www.alifta.com
Portal of the General Presidency of Scholarly Research
and Ifta'

This file is volume No.05 of 30


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InthenameofAllah,themostGracious,themostMerciful

TheEssenceof`IbadahandTawhidoftheCreator

PraisebetoAllah,theLordoftheWorlds.Thegoodendwillultimatelybefortherighteouspeople!May
Allah'sPeaceandblessingsbeuponHisservantandMessenger,thebestofHiscreationwhowasentrusted
withHisRevelation,ourProphetandImam,MuhammadIbn`Abdullah,hisFamily,hisCompanions,and
thosewhofollowinhisfootstepsuntiltheDayofResurrection.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)hasordainedHisservantstoworshipandfearHimandtoenjointhe
goodandforbidtheevil.Hesays, AndI(Allh)creatednotthejinnandmankindexceptthattheyshouldworshipMe(Alone).
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)hascreatedhumankindandJinntoworshipHimAlonebyfollowingHis
Commands,avoidingHisprohibitions,anddevotingallactsofworshiptoHim.Thecreationshoulddoso
outoffirmbeliefinAllah,inHismessengers,andinallthatthemessengerstaught.Itisanactofworshipto
worshipAllahwithnoassociateorpartnerandtoabidebythelimitssetbyHimasthisisindicatedinHis
BookandtheSunnahofHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).TherearemanyAyahsinwhichAllah(Exalted
beHe)ordersHisservantstodoso.He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Omankind!WorshipyourLord(Allh),
WhocreatedyouandthosewhowerebeforeyousothatyoumaybecomeAlMuttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2). Whohasmadethe
eartharestingplaceforyou,andtheskyasacanopy,andsentdownwater(rain)fromtheskyandbroughtforththerewithfruitsasa
provisionforyou.ThendonotsetuprivalsuntoAllh(inworship)whileyouknow(thatHeAlonehastherighttobeworshipped).
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)statesthatHehascreatedthemforthispurpose.Hesays, Omankind!WorshipyourLord
(Allh)

(PartNo:5,PageNo:6)

i.e.believeinTawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah).Ibn`Abbasandothersstatedthattheverb"worship"
referstoTawhid.ThisisstressedbyHissaying, Whocreatedyouandthosewhowerebeforeyousothatyoumay
becomeAlMuttaqn(thepious). e.g.byfulfillingHisobligationsandavoidingHisprohibitions.Allah(mayHebe
Praised)haspointedoutsomesignsofHiscompetency,whichmakesHimworthyofworship.He(Exalted
beHe)says, Whohasmadetheeartharestingplaceforyou,andtheskyasacanopy,andsentdownwater(rain)fromthesky
andbroughtforththerewithfruitsasaprovisionforyou.ThendonotsetuprivalsuntoAllh(inworship)whileyouknow(thatHe
Alonehastherighttobeworshipped). Allah(mayHebePraised)hascreatedtheearthandallthingsonitsuchas
mountains,trees,rivers,seas,animals,andsoon,andmadeitarestingplacefortheservantstohelpthem
fulfillHisright.ThepurposeofcreationistoworshipandfearAllah.So,Hehascreatedbountiesintheearth
andhassentdownrainfromtheskytohelpthemobeyHim.He(mayHebePraised)says, HeitisWhocreated
foryouallthatisonearth. Theearthismadearestingplace,theskyismadeaprotectedceiling,andtherainis
sentdownfromtheskyforthevariousfruitsandplantstogrowasprovisionfortheservantstohelpthem
fulfillHisright,avoidHisprohibitions,supportHispiouspeopleandfightHisenemies.Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)says, Omankind!BedutifultoyourLord,Whocreatedyoufromasingleperson(Adam),andfromhim(Adam)
Hecreatedhiswife[Haww(Eve)],andfromthembothHecreatedmanymenandwomenandfearAllhthroughWhomyou
demand(yourmutualrights),and(donotcuttherelationsof)thewombs(kinship).Surely,AllhisEveranAllWatcheroveryou.

Allah(mayHebePraised)says, Omankind!FearyourLordandbedutifultoHim!Verily,theearthquakeoftheHour(of
Judgement)isaterriblething. He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays, Oyouwhobelieve!FearAllh(bydoingallthat
HehasorderedandbyabstainingfromallthatHehasforbidden)asHeshouldbefeared.[ObeyHim,bethankfultoHim,and
rememberHimalways],anddienotexceptinastateofIslm[asMuslims(withcompletesubmissiontoAllh)]. Andholdfast,all
ofyoutogether,totheRopeofAllh(i.e.thisQurn) Moreover,

(PartNo:5,PageNo:7)

He(ExaltedbeHe)says, Omankind!Verily,thePromiseofAllhistrue.Soletnotthispresentlifedeceiveyou,andletnotthe
chiefdeceiver(Satan)deceiveyouaboutAllh. He(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays, Omankind!Wehavecreatedyoufromamale
andafemale,andmadeyouintonationsandtribes,thatyoumayknowoneanother.Verily,themosthonourableofyouwithAllhis
that(believer)whohasAtTaqw[i.e.heisoneoftheMuttaqn(thepious.SeeV.2:2)].Verily,AllhisAllKnowing,AllAware. He
(mayHebePraised)alsosays, Omankind!BeafraidofyourLord(bykeepingyourdutytoHimandavoidingallevil),andfear
aDaywhennofathercanavailaughtforhisson,norasonavailaughtforhisfather.Verily,thePromiseofAllhistrue:letnotthen
this(worldly)presentlifedeceiveyou,norletthechiefdeceiver(Satan)deceiveyouaboutAllh.

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Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays, Andtheywerecommandednot,butthattheyshouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHim
Alone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim) ThereareotherAyahsindicatingthatHe(mayHebePraised)is
theirLordWhoisworthyofworshipandthatthebelieversaremostentitledtoglorifyandfearHim,and
abidebyHiscommand.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)hasrevealedtheDivineBooksthroughthemessengersto
pointoutthisrightforwhichmankindandJinnarecreatedandorderedtofearandworshipHim.TheNoble
Qur'anwasrevealedtoMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)anddescribedHisrightovertheservantsandthe
detailsofShari`ah.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)orderedHisProphet(peacebeuponhim)toexplainthisandguide
peopletoitanddetailitsrulings.He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, AndWehavealsosentdownuntoyou(O
Muhammad)theDhikr[reminderandtheadvice(i.e.theQurn)],thatyoumayexplainclearlytomenwhatis
sentdowntothem,andthattheymaygivethought. i.e.theQur'anissentdowntotheProphet(ExaltedbeHe)to
explaintopeoplewhatissentdowntothemandhelpthemunderstandproblematicissues.TheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)conveyedthemessageperfectlyandexplainedtohisnationthereligionandwhatthey
need.Thereisnothinggoodexceptheguidedthemtoitandnothingevilexcepthewarnedthemagainstit.
ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said,

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ItisthedutyofeveryProphetwhomAllahsenttoguidehisfollowerstowhatheknewwasgoodforthemandwarnthemagainst
whatheknewwasbadforthem. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih).

Allthemessengersweresenttoguidepeopletothebestofwhattheyknowandwarnthemagainstthe
wrongtheyknow.OurProphet(peacebeuponhim)conveyedthemostperfectmessageandthegreatest
advice,andthemostcompleteexplanation.Heguidedpeopletoeverygoodandwarnedthemagainstevery
evil.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)ordainedHisservantstounify,andcooperateinrighteousnessandpiety.He
orderedthemtobeonebodyagainstHisenemies.TheMuslimshavetobedistinguishedfromAllah's
enemieswhodisobeyHiscommand,donotdevotetheactsofworshiptoHim,andcanneitherfulfillHis
obligationsnoravoidHisprohibitions.ThepartyandalliesofAllahshouldbedistinguishedfromtheparty
andalliesoftheSatan.ThepersonswhoobeyHisorders,adheretoShari`ah,andobservethelimitsshould
bedistinguishedfromthosewhoopposeHisorders,supportHisenemies,exceedthelimits,anddonot
followwhatthemessengersbrought.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Thebelievers,menandwomen,are
Auliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandall
thatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslmhas
forbidden)theyperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),andgivetheZakt,andobeyAllhandHisMessenger.AllhwillhaveHisMercy
onthem.SurelyAllhisAllMighty,AllW i s e . ThisAyahreferstothequalitiesofthebelieverswhoobeyHis
commandandrealizetheworshipforwhichtheywerecreated.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)hasdescribedthemin
Hissaying, Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanother Thebelievers
love,support,andadviseoneanother.Hence,theyareAllah'sallies,notenemies.Thebelieverlovesforhis
brotherthesamegoodandbenefitshelovesforhimselfandhatesforhimtheevilhehatesforhimself.
Theyadviseandhelponeanotherinrighteousnessandpiety,andareneverguiltyofGhibah(backbiting)or
Namimah(talebearing),tellinglies,cheat,betrayal,orperjury.

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Thebelievers,malesandfemales,shouldhavethesequalities.Allah(mayHebePraised)hasdescribedsuch
peopleasallies.ThebelievingmanistheallyofhisbrotherinIslam,andthebelievingwomanistheallyof
hersisterinIslam.Theyaredistinguishedfromtheenemiesthroughgivingadvicetooneanother,being
steadfastinreligion,andbeingexcellentinfulfillingAllah'sright.TheyarepraisedbyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
inanotherAyahinSurahAlAhzabasHe(mayHebePraised)says, Verily,theMuslims(thosewhosubmittoAllhin
Islm)menandwomen,thebelieversmenandwomen(whobelieveinIslmicMonotheism),themenandthewomenwhoare
obedient(toAllh),themenandwomenwhoaretruthful(intheirspeechanddeeds),themenandthewomenwhoarepatient(in
performingallthedutieswhichAllhhasorderedandinabstainingfromallthatAllhhasforbidden),themenandthewomenwho
arehumble(beforetheirLordAllh),themenandthewomenwhogiveSadaqt(i.e.Zakt,andalms),themenandthewomen
whoobserveSaum(fast)(theobligatoryfastingduringthemonthofRamadn,andtheoptionalNawfilfasting),themenandthe
womenwhoguardtheirchastity(fromillegalsexualacts)andthemenandthewomenwhorememberAllhmuchwiththeirhearts
andtonguesAllhhaspreparedforthemforgivenessandagreatreward(i.e.Paradise).

He(mayHebePraised)describesHissupportingservants,menorwomen,withthesegoodmannersand
qualities.HetellsusthatHepreparedforthemforgivenessandgreatreward.Theywillenterparadiseand
escapeHellfire,thankstotheirIslam,faith,fearofAllahandfulfillingHisright.Onthecontrary,He(mayHe
bePraised)saysconcerningHisenemies, Andthosewhodisbelievearealliesofoneanother,(and)ifyou(Muslimsofthe
wholeworldcollectively)donotdoso[i.e.becomeallies,asoneunitedblockunderoneKhalifah(achiefMuslimrulerforthewhole
Muslimworld)tomakevictoriousAllhsreligionofIslmicMonotheism],therewillbeFitnah(wars,battles,polytheism)and
oppressionontheearth,andagreatmischiefandcorruption(appearanceofpolytheism). He(mayHebePraised)says, The
hypocrites,menandwomen,areonefromanothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMunkar(i.e.disbeliefandpolytheismofallkinds
andallthatIslmhasforbidden),andforbid(people)fromAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),and
theyclosetheirhands[fromgiving(spendinginAllhsCause)alms].TheyhaveforgottenAllh,soHehasforgottenthem.Verily,the
hypocritesaretheFsiqn(rebellious,disobedienttoAllh). Allhhaspromisedthehypocritesmenandwomenandthe
disbelievers,theFireofHellthereinshalltheyabide.Itwillsufficethem.Allhhascursedthemandforthemisthelastingtorment.
Thus,thoseenemiesofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)arefromoneanotherandarealliesofoneanotherin
falsehoodandcorruption.

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Ontheotherhand,HisbelievingalliesaredistinguishedfromHisenemies.Theyenjoingoodandforbidevil
regardlessoftherelationsoffriendshipandkinship.Theirloveforeachotherdoesnotpreventthemfrom
forbiddingevil.
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TheyadviseeachotherforthesakeofAllahandHisservantssoastorectifythesocietyandtheMuslims
affairsandbedistinctfromtheenemies.TheMa`rufreferstowhatisordainedbyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)and
HisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)andtheMunkarreferstowhatisforbiddenbythem.Itisthemannerof
thebelieverstosupport,advise,wishthegood,andhatetheevilforoneanother.Meanwhile,theyenjoin
thegoodandforbidtheevilduetotheirloyaltytoeachother.

PatronageforsakeofAllahnecessitatesenjoiningthegoodandforbiddingtheevil.Thebelieverdoesnot
likehisbrotherinIslamtodoanyactthatdispleasesAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andleadstothepenaltyof
tortureintheHellfire.Rather,helovesgoodnessandhatesevilforhisbrotherinIslam,soheenjoinswhat
pleasesAllahandforbidswhatleadshimtothewretcheddestination.

AmongthegreatcharacteristicsofthebelievingmenandwomenisthattheysincerelyperformSalahina
stateoftranquilityandKhushu`atitsduetimeachievingitsobligationsandpillars.TheyofferitasAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)prescribed.Unlikethehypocrites,theyonlyofferitoutofshowingofforforsomeworldly
benefit.Rather,theyseektherewardandfearthepunishment.Furthermore,theypayZakah(obligatory
charity)toitsrightfulrecipientsasAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hascommandedastheyknowthatitisan
obligation.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)hasgrantedthemmanybountiesincludingtheirwealthandorderedthem
topayasmallpartofitinordertobegratefulandsupporttheirbrothersinIslam.He(mayHebePraised)
says, andobeyAllhandHisMessenger. ThefaithisnotcompleteunlesstheyobeyHimandHisMessengerinall
affairs.Committingsinsweakensfaith,sothebelieversobeyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peace
beupobhim)inallaffairsandavoidallsins.

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Thankstotheircompletefaith,theyhastentoperformTawabahfromthesinstheycommitwhentheyare
heedless.Allthebelievingmenandwomenarefallible.Onlythemessengers(peacebeuponthem)are
infallible.Whenapersonerrsandcommitsanytrivialsin,heshouldhastentoperformTawbahfromitsoas
toregainhiscompletefaithandfearofAllah.

AccordingtoAhlulSunnahwalJama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody),faithis
shownthroughwordsanddeedsanditincreasesanddecreases.Itincreasesifapersonobeysand
remembersAllahanddecreasesiftheyareheedlessandcommitsins.Itisatraitoftheirperfectbeliefthat
believingalliesofAllahbefriendandsupportforthesakeofAllahandhateforthesakeofAllah.Theyare
verycarefulaboutmixingwithAllah'senemiesfromtheJews,Christians,communists,pagans,andother
disbelievingpersons.ThismatterisdangerousandledtheMuslims,exceptthosewhoareprotectedbythe
mercyofAllah,duringthelastcenturiestoseriousafflictionandwidespreadevil.Theyaresavedfromthis
evilduetotheirfaith,fearofAllahandcarefulnessnottosupportanddependonAllah'senemies.Theresult
ofmixingwiththoseenemiesmaybeofgreatevilandcorruption.Thisisespeciallytruewhentheguides
andadvisorsarefew,faithandreligiousjealousyareweak,knowledgeisscant,andtemptationsaremany
wherethecaseisworse.TheenemydrivestheMuslimtodoanyactthatdispleasesAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
andcausespeopletobefarfromHismercy.Sometimes,theymaketheShirkanddisbeliefattractiveforthe
Muslimsoastodetachthebelieversfromtheirreligion.Sometimestheymakethesinsattractiveforthe
Muslimtocommitthemandsothefaithbecomesweaker.

Sins,asstatedbythepeopleofknowledge,arethemeanstodisbeliefandbadend.Theenemiesspareno
efforttobeautifyfalsehoodandinvitethebelieverstoitinordertofillMuslimswithdoubtsconcerningtheir
religion,sothattheybecomeconfusedandshakyorconverttotheirreligion.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:12)

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysinSurahAl`Imran, Oyouwhobelieve!Takenotas(your)Bitnah(advisors,
consultants,protectors,helpers,friends)thoseoutsideyourreligion(pagans,Jews,Christians,andhypocrites)sincetheywillnotfail
todotheirbesttocorruptyou.Theydesiretoharmyouseverely.Hatredhasalreadyappearedfromtheirmouths,butwhattheir
breastsconcealisfarworse.IndeedWehavemadeplaintoyoutheAyt(proofs,evidence,verses)ifyouunderstand. Lo!Youare
theoneswholovethembuttheyloveyounot,andyoubelieveinalltheScriptures[i.e.youbelieveintheTaurt(Torah)andthe
Injeel(Gospel),whiletheydisbelieveinyourBook,theQurn].Andwhentheymeetyou,theysay,"Webelieve."Butwhentheyare
alone,theybitethetipsoftheirfingersatyouinrage.Say:"Perishinyourrage.Certainly,Allhknowswhatisinthebreasts(allthe
secrets)." Ifagoodbefallsyou,itgrievesthem,butifsomeevilovertakesyou,theyrejoiceatit.Butifyouremainpatientand
becomeAlMuttaqn[thepiousSeeV.2:2],nottheleastharmwilltheircunningdotoyou.Surely,Allhsurroundsallthattheydo.

TherearemanyAyahsthatstressthismeaningsuchasHissaying Verily,asforthosewhomtheangelstake(in
death)whiletheyarewrongingthemselves(astheystayedamongthedisbelieverseventhoughemigrationwasobligatoryforthem)
i.e.astheystayedamongthedisbelievers they(angels)say(tothem):Inwhat(condition)wereyou? Inwhat
(condition)wereyou?Theyreply: Wewereweakandoppressedontheearth.They(angels)say:WasnottheearthofAllh
spaciousenoughforyoutoemigratetherein?SuchmenwillfindtheirabodeinHellWhatanevildestination! Excepttheweak
onesamongmen,womenandchildrenwhocannotdeviseaplan,noraretheyabletodirecttheirway. ThesearetheywhomAllh
islikelytoforgivethem,andAllhisEverOftPardoning,OftForgiving.

ThisAyahpointsoutthegreatdangerofstayingamongormixingwiththeMushriks.Itwasrevealed
concerningtheMuslimswhostayedinMakkahandsupportedtheenemiesintheBattleofBadr.Someofthem
werekilledalongwiththeMushriks.Thepreponderantreportisthattheywereforcedtofightagainstthe
Muslims,becauseiftheyengagedinthebattlewillingly,theywouldbeapostates.Yet,

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theMushriksdaredtoforcethemtoparticipateintheBattleandfightagainsttheMuslimsbecausetheywere www.ircpk.com
stayingamongthem.

SomepeopleoftheSalafwereoftheviewthatthosepeoplebecomedisbelieversbecauseoftheirsupportof
theMushriks,whichmakesthemoneofthem.WhoeversupportstheMushriksagainsttheMuslimsisan
apostate.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, AndifanyamongstyoutakesthemasAuliy,thensurelyheisoneofthem.Verily,
AllhguidesnotthosepeoplewhoaretheZlimn(polytheistsandwrongdoersandunjust). Therearetwopossibilitiesfor
thissituation:ThosewhofightagainsttheMuslimsandsupporttheMushrikeenbecomedisbeliever.The
secondoneisthosewhoareforcedtodoso,theyarewrongdoerstheyprefertostaywiththemanddonot
hastentoemigrate.TheirstayingwasameanstofighttheMuslimsandsupporttheenemies.Thus,staying
amongtheMushriksandmixingwithAllah'senemiesposeagreatdanger.Apersonmayapostateand
becomeadisbeliever,ifhesupportsthemagainsttheMuslims.Ifheissavedfromthis,hisstaymaybea
meansleadinghimtoobeytheminsomefalsemattersorabandonsometruthfulmatters.Hemayalsogive
uphisreligionduetotheircalltofalsehoodandfillinghimwithdoubts.TheMuslimisobligedtobecareful
aboutmixingwithAllah'senemiesandavoidtheirevilplotssoastobesavedfromtheirevils.AlHafizIbn
Kathir(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)commentedonthisAyah Verily,asforthosewhomtheangelstake(indeath)
whiletheyarewrongingthemselves(astheystayedamongthedisbelieverseventhoughemigrationwasobligatoryforthem) saying
thatwhoeverstaysamongtheMushriks,whileheisabletoemigrateandispreventedfrompracticinghis
religion,yetwillinglyremainsamongthedisbelieversiswronginghimselfandasinful,accordingtothe
unanimousagreementamongthescholars.Endofquote.

TheonewhostaysandmixeswiththeMushriks,whileheisunabletopracticehisreligioncommitsoneof
thewellestablishedforbiddenreligiousmatters.Thatiswhythereisnodisagreementamongthescholars
concerningthismatter.Hisstayamongthemmayleadhimtomanyworseoutcomessuchasbecominga
disbelieverandobeyingtheminfalsehood.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:14)

Moreover,AbuDawud,AlTirmidhy,andAlNasa'yrelatedthroughanauthenticIsnadontheauthorityofJarir
Ibn`AbdullahAlBajalythattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, IamnotresponsibleforanyMuslimwhostaysamong
theMushriks. Thisisbecausehisstayamongthemmayleadhimtobecomeadisbeliever,haveweakerfaith,
orbeunabletofulfillAllah'sright.

A lNisa'y(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)relatedthroughanauthenticIsnadthattheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)said, AllahdoesnotacceptanydeedsfromaMushrik,afterhavingembracedIslam,untilheseparateshimselffrom
theMushriks. i.e.untilhedepartstheMushriks.

TherearemanyHadithsthatconveythesamemeaning.Yet,thereisnothingwrongwiththeonewhohas
faith,knowledge,andinsighttomixwiththem,ifthepurposeismanifestingthereligionthroughcalling
themtoAllah,denyingthefalsehood,andshowingthetruth.Themessengersandtheprophetsdidsowith
manykindsofdisbelievers.Thispersonwhointendstobringthemoutofdarknessintolightandsavethem
fromthefalsehoodwillbegreatlyrewarded.ThecallerstoAllahwhoarequalifiedforthistaskandhavethe
requiredknowledgewillberewarded,becausetheyexcelAllah'senemiesbymanifestingandcallingtothe
truth.

Theignorantpersonswhomixwiththemwithoutguidanceareexposedtogreatdangerinvariousways.

Suchpeopleareunabletodenytheirfalsehoodandmaybemisledduetotheirignorance.Thedisbelievers
exertthemselvestofillthemwithdoubtsanddetachthemawayfromIslam.Thereisneithermightnor
strengthsaveinAllah.ItisincumbentuponeveryMuslimto

(PartNo:5,PageNo:15)

becarefulandavoidmixingwiththem.Itismostimportantnottotraveltotheircountries.Travelingto
thesecountriesforpersonswhohavelittleknowledgeandinsightaboutIslamposesagreatdangerand
harm.TheforbiddenactssuchasShirk,Zina,drinkingKhamr,andsoon,aredoneopenlyinthese
countries.So,travelingtheremayleadthepersonwhohasnoguidanceorsufficientknowledgetocommit
falseactsandfollowprohibiteddesiresandfalsedoubtfulmatterswhichSatancallsto.

TherearemanyMuslimswhotraveltononMuslimcountriesforthesakeofstudy,work,tourism,andso
on.Theyreturnhomewithanothercharacter.Somelosetheirfaithandbecomecorrupted.Thosewhom
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)savedandismercifultothemareanexception.EveryMuslimisobligedtobereluctant
toAllah'senemiesandbecarefulabouttheirevilplotswherevertheyare.Theymustnotmixwiththem
unlesstheycallandguidethemtothetruthandgoodnesssoastobedistinctandcarefuloftheevil,
confusion,andfalsehoodofthoseenemies.TheSahabah(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)usedtodoso
whentheywereinMakkah.TheycalledtoAllahalthoughtheywereweakandafraidofbeinghurtbythe
disbelievers.Meanwhile,someofSahabahwereafraidtodosoandconcealedtheirfaithuntilAllah(Exalted
beHe)madeawayoutforthem.

Atthepresenttime,theexcessivemixingbetweentheMuslimsandthedisbelievershasledtomanyevil
consequences.Everybeliever,therefore,hastobewareofthismatterandtheseconsequences.Theyshould
notmixwiththemunlessthepurposeistocallandguidethemtothetruth,notbefriendingorlovingthem.
NeglectingAllah'sorderleadstogreatevilandworseoutcomes.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)istheonewhois
soughtforhelpandinHimwetrust.ThereisneithermightnorpowerexceptwithAllah,TheMostHigh,the
MostGreat.
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MayAllay,byHisMostBeautifulNamesandAttributes,guideusalltotheusefulknowledgeandgooddeeds,
andgrantusunderstandingofHisReligion!MayAllahgrantthisreligionvictory,raiseHisword,setrightthe
affairsofMuslimseverywhereandhelpthemholdfasttoHisReligion,andapplyShari`ah!

(PartNo:5,PageNo:16)

MayAllahguideMuslimrulerstosuccess,helpandguidethemtowhateverpleasesHim,makethema
meanstoguideHisslaves,andmaketheirconditionbetter!Indeed,HehasPoweroverallthings.May
Allah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponourProphetandMessengerMuhammad,hisfamily,hisCompanions,
andthosewhofollowtheminrighteousness!

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(PartNo:5,PageNo:17)

InthenameofAllah,themostGracious,themostMerciful

AnextractfrommyletterIsenttoHisExcellencyShaykhAbuAlA`laAlMawdudy

concerningthedifferencebetween`Ibadah(worship)andobedience

On2/4//1392AH,AbuAlA`laAlMawdudysentmealetterno.1526,dated2Safar,1392A.H.explaininghis
caseandTufayl's,hissuccessorintheleadershipofIslamicGroup.IrepliedinthesameyearwhenIwasthe
presidentoftheIslamicuniversityinMedinahandthefollowingissomeofmyreply:

SomebrothersfromMilbarlivinginthecountrytoldmethatYourEminenceseethat`Ibadahisclarifiedby
obedienceandthatwhensomeoneobeysanother,heworshipshim.`Ibadahisalsointerpretedas
enslavementandidolization.Furthermore,Sheikh`UmaribnAhmadAlMillibary,ownerofAlSalsabilMagazine,
wrotetomeconcerningthisissueassertingwhatismentionedaboutyouandtheGroup.Hesentmeacopy
ofasurveypertainingtothisquestion.Youwillfindanenclosedcopyofit.

ThisquestionappearsstrangeformesoIdeterminedtowritetoyoubeforeIreceiveyourlettertoknow
whetherthesestatementswhichareattributedtoyouaretrue.So,pleaseletmeknowyouropinion.Isee
thatobediencehasawiderscopethan`Ibadah.Everyactof`Ibadahapersondoesincompliancewith
Allah'sShari`ahisseenasobedience,butnoteveryactofobediencetoanythingotherthanAllah(Exalted
beHe)isseenas`Ibadah.Thismatterneedsmoreelaboration.ObediencetoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)isseen
as`IbadahwhenapersonseekstopleaseHim.However,itmaybevalidorcorruptdependingonwhether
therequirementsof`Ibadaharemet.

Pleasetellmeindetailsyourviewonthisquestion.Itaddsfurtherexplanationthat`Ibadahmaybedenied
bywhentaintedwithShirk

(PartNo:5,PageNo:18)

asAllahsaysconcerningMushrik(onewhoassociatesotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship), "Norwill
youworshipthatwhichIworship. `IbadahisnegatedbecauseoftheiractsofShirk.Itisknownthattheyworship
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)duringtimesofhardshipsthroughshowingTawhid,performingHajjand`Umrah,
offeringSadaqahandsoon.

Sincetheseactsof`IbadaharespoiledbyShirk,disbeliefintheHereafterandotherkindsofdisbeliefduring
timesofprosperity,itispermissibletonegatethe`Ibadahofpeoplewhoshowit.Furthermore,Iwouldlike
toexplainanotherpoint.ThepersonwhoobeystheauthoritiesorrulersinsomethingforbiddenbyAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)isnotseenworshippingthemwhenhedoesnotbelieveinthepermissibilityofobedienceto
anyoneinsomethingopposingAllah'sShari`ah.Theyratherobeytheserulesoutoffearoftheirevilsor
vaindesireswhiletheyknowthattheyaresinful.Duetotheiractofobedience,suchpersonsaresinners,not
Mushriks,unlesstheyobeysuchrulersinmatterswhichdonotinvolveShirk.Examplesofthesematters
includestriking,killing,andtakingsomeone'smoneyunjustly.Therearemanyotherexamplesthatcome
underthisheading.Ithinkthisviewisknownbythepeopleofknowledgewhosestatusisbelowyours.I
finditimperativetoaskyouaboutthisandknowyourdetailedopinionsothatIcanrefuteanyclaimagainst
youandsupportyouwithsureknowledgeandshowthetruthconcerningtheIslamicGrouptoanyonewho
seeksit.

Ifwhatisattributedtoyouistrue,wecandiscussitthoroughlyandexaminetheproblematicissuesusing
theevidence.Thetruthisthelongsoughtaimofeveryone.

WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tograntussuccesstodowhatpleasesHimandtocomprehendHisReligion
andtoadheretoit.MayAllahpurifyourheartsanddeedsandmakethetruthourlongsoughtaimwherever
weare,forHeistheMostGenerous!Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,
Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

PresidentoftheIslamicUniversityinMedinah

`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaz

www.ircpk.com

WorkofMuslim

(PartNo:5,PageNo:19)

PraisebeduetoAllah.Thegoodendwillbefortherighteous.MayPeaceandBlessingsbeuponHisservant
andMessenger,Histrusteeoftherevelation,ourProphet,leaderMuhammadibn`Abdullahibn`Abdul
Muttalib,uponhisHousehold,Companions,andwhoeveradoptshiswayandfollowshisguidancetillthe
DayofJudgment.

PraisebetoAllah,whofacilitatesthismeetingthroughsomehonorablebrothersanddearsonsfor
cooperationinrighteousnessandpiety,exchangingadvice,andcallingforgoodness.MayAllahblessthis
meeting,setrightourheartsanddeeds,protectusfromthemisleadingtrialsandevilinsinuations.May
AllahsupportHisfaith,makeHiswordsupreme,anddisgracetheenemiesofIslam!

Thanksaredueforthoseinchargeofthisinstitution,especiallyHisHighnessPrinceMuhammadibnFahdAl
Su`udforthisinvitation.MayAllahblessthisinvitationandtheeffortsofeveryonehere,setrighttheir
wordsanddeeds,helpthemunderstandIslam,grantthemtruthfulness,patience,andadherencetowhat
leadstouprightnessandhappinessinthisworldandintheeternallife.Indeed,Heisthebesttoaskfor
help.

Dearbrothersandsons,AllahexplainstheattributesofMuslimsandthemannersofbelieversinvarious
positionsofHisGloriousBook.Allahencourages

(PartNo:5,PageNo:20)

peopletofollowthem.Hepraisesthosewhoadopttheminsomepositionspromisingthemabundantgood,
thebestoutcome,paradise,andloftyrepute.

Forexample,AllahstatesattheendofSurah(chapterfromtheQur'an)ofAlImran Verily!Inthecreationofthe
heavensandtheearth,andinthealternationofnightandday,thereareindeedsignsformenofunderstanding. Thosewho
rememberAllh(always,andinprayers)standing,sitting,andlyingdownontheirsides

OurProphet(peacebeuponhim)usedtorecitethesenobleAyahstotheendoftheSurah(thethirdchapter
ofalQur'an)uponawakeningandwouldwipehisfacewithhandstorousehimselffromsleep.He(peacebe
uponhim)wouldrecitetheseAyahswhilelookinguptotheheavens: Verily!Inthecreationoftheheavensandthe
earth,andinthealternationofnightandday,thereareindeedsignsformenofunderstanding. InadditiontotheAyahsthat
followit."Menofunderstanding"referstothepeopleendowedwithsoundandenlightenedminds.Allah
describesthemwiththeattributesofrememberingHiminallconditionswhilestanding,sitting,andlying
downontheirsides,andthinkdeeplyaboutthingscreatedbyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)

suchastheheavens,theearth,andthealternationofnightandday.Allah'ssignsincreationaresomany
theheavenswithitsexpanseandvastness,andtheearthwithitsamplitude,breadth,steadiness,andwhat
theycontainofnumerousandgreatsigns.

Similarly,thealternationofthenightanddayisamongAllah'sgreatsigns.Thus,Allahmadespecial
mentionofthemandtoldthattheyincludemanysignsforpeopleofunderstanding.TheAyahsrelatesome
actsofthosepeoplesuchasremembranceofAllahwhiletheyarestanding,sitting,andlyingontheirsides
byheart,tongue,anddeed.TheyrememberAllahintheirheartsthroughlove,glorification,fear,andhope
ofAllah.TheyalsorememberHimwiththeirtonguethroughTasbih(GlorificationofAllahsaying,"Subhan
Allah[GlorybetoAllah]"),Tahmid(PraisingAllahsaying,"AlHamduLillah[PraisebetoAllah]"),Tahlil
(saying,"LaillahillaAllah[ThereisnoGodbutAllah]"),Takbir(saying"AllahuAkbar[Godisthe
Greatest]"),recitingtheQur'an,supplications,Istighfar(seekingforgivenessfromAllah),andthelike.

Inaddition,theyrememberAllahintheirdeedsthroughofferingSalah(prayer),dayandnight,charity,
enjoining

(PartNo:5,PageNo:21)

good,andforbiddingevil,andothergooddeeds.

Then,Allahmentionsthattheyreflectuponthecreationoftheheavensandtheearthwithitsmarvels,
wonders,andgreatmiraclessaying: OurLord!Youhavenotcreated(all)thiswithoutpurpose Undoubtedly,these
thingswerecreatedinwisdomandforloftypurposes.Then,theyinvoke: glorytoYou!(ExaltedareYouaboveall
thattheyassociatewithYouaspartners).GiveussalvationfromthetormentoftheFire. TheyconfessedtheDivineWisdom
underlyingthecreation,notinvainorwithoutpurpose.TheythenaskAllahtosavethemfromthetorment
ofHell.Theyholdhimfarabovewhatdoesnotbefithim(mayHebeExaltedandGlorified).

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saidinanotherAyahsatthebeginningofSurahofAlAnfal: Thebelievers
areonlythosewho,whenAllhismentioned,feelafearintheirheartsandwhenHisVerses(thisQurn)arereciteduntothem,they www.ircpk.com
(i.e.theVerses)increasetheirFaithandtheyputtheirtrustintheirLord(Alone) WhoperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt)and
spendoutofthatWehaveprovidedthem. Itistheywhoarethebelieversintruth.ForthemaregradesofdignitywiththeirLord,
TheaforementionedAyahsrelatesomeattributesofthosewho
andForgivenessandagenerousprovision(Paradise).
haveperfectandpurefaith.InotherAyahsofSurahofAlTawbahAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)states,
Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)Al
M a rf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbelief
ofallkinds,andallthatIslmhasforbidden)theyperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),andgivetheZakt,andobeyAllhandHis
Messenger.AllhwillhaveHisMercyonthem.SurelyAllhisAllMighty,AllWise. ThisAyahmentionstheattributesof
sincerebelieversamongtheMuslimranks.

Thesearedefinitelytheattributesandmannersoftruebelievers,whichshouldbeadoptedbyMuslimsin
ordertobecomegoodexamplesforallpeople.Nodoubt,acquiringthesemannersisoneofthecausesof
gainingvictoryoverenemies.TheMuslimsarepreparedtostruggle(fightinthecauseofAllah)anddefend
Muslimlands.Consequently,theyaremoreapttoacquiretheseattributesandadheretothem.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:22)

Thus,theyfulfilltheirroleasMuslimsinthebestmanner.

IslamisthewayofAllahpreachedbyallMessengers(peacebeuponthem).Allah(glorybetoHim)said,
Truly,thereligionwithAllhisIslm. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: AndwhoeverseeksareligionotherthanIslm,itwill
neverbeacceptedofhim Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Thisday,Ihaveperfectedyourreligionforyou,completedMy
Favouruponyou,andhavechosenforyouIslmasyourreligion. AllahcalledHiswayIslamasitinvolvessubmission
toAllah'scommandmentsandprohibitions,adherencetoworshipofAllah,andobservingHisRestrictions.

Islamisliterallyderivedfromtheword'aslam'i.e.tosubmitandyield.Itissaid,"aslamfulanlifulani.e.so
andsosubmittedtosoandso."Likewise,itissaid,"aslamal`abdlillahi.e.theservantsubmitted
completelytoAllah".Therefore,IslammeansthecompletesubmissionandobediencetoAllah'sordinances,
avoidingHisProhibitions,andobservingHisRestrictions.

ItisalsocalledIman(Faith),foraMuslimdoesgooddeedsoutofbeliefinAllahandHisMessenger(peace
beuponhim),nottoshowofforestablishareputationamongpeopleoroutofhypocrisy.Rather,thetrue
MuslimsubmitstoAllah,followsHisordinancesandobservesHisRestrictionsoutoffirmfaithanddeep
knowledge.AMuslimknowsthatAllahisOneandhasnopartnersandHeistheLordoftheheavens.He
knowsthatAllahistheAllKnowingSupremeCreator.Therefore,hedevoteshimselftoHimandglorifiesHis
SacredOrdinancesoutoffirmfaithinAllahWhoistheLord,theGod,theCreator,theAllProvider,andthe
OneWhoisrightfullyworthyofworship.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)statedinanauthenticHadith,
Faithhasoverseventybranches,thebestofwhichisthedeclarationthatthereisnooneworthyofworshipbutAllah,andthe
humblestofwhichisremovingharmfulthingsfromthepath.Andshynessisabranchoffaith.

OurreligioniscalledIslam,asitissubmissiontoAllah,truthfuldevotiontoHim,humilitytoHim

(PartNo:5,PageNo:23)

andglorificationofHim.ItisalsocalledImani.e.faith,foritisbeliefinDivinematterse.g.Allah's
Attributes,HisOneness,andthatheisthetrueGodWhoaloneisworthyofworshipalongwithbelievingin
whatHehasordained,forbidden,andallowedforHisservants.Allthesemeaningsareincludedinthewords
Islamandfaith.IslamiscalledsoowingtowhatitinvolvesofsubmissiontoAllah,abidingbyHis
restrictions,andobservingHisrestrictions.Itiscalledfaith,foritstruthfulnesswhichresultsincontinual
righteousdeedsandproperspeech.

WhenwhenJibril(Gabriel)askedtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)aboutIslamandfaith,hereplied, Islamis
thatyoutestifythatthereisnooneworthyofworshipbutAllahandthatMuhammadisAllah'sMessenger,establishprayer,payZakah
(theobligatorycharity),observethefastofRamadan,andperformHajj(pilgrimage)totheHouse(Ka`bah)ifyouareable. Then,
he(peacebeuponhim)definedfaith, TobelieveinAllah,HisAngels,HisBooks,HisMessengers,theLastDay,andto
believeintheDivinePredestinationwhethergoodorbad. He(peacebeuponhim)mentionedtheprinciplesoffaith
uponwhichIslamisbasedandthefoundationalpillarsofIslamwhichitisestablishedon.

ThepillarsofIslamarefive:Thetwotestimoniesoffaith,Salah,Zakah,Sawm,andHajj.

TheinherentpillarsofIslamarethesixfoundationsofImanonwhichIslamisbuilttobelieveinAllah,His
Angels,HisBooks,HisMessengers,theLastDay,andDivineDecreewhethergoodorbad.NeitherIslamnor
Imancanstandapartfromeachotherbothareessential.

ItisnecessarytohavefirmImanthatgivesrisetosubmissiontoAllahandfulfillmentofHisrights.Likewise,
IslamisnecessarytocertifythisImanbymeansofpracticalobedience.Thus,thecharacteristicsofabeliever
differsfromthosehypocritesandtheirevildeeds,fortheysaywiththeirtonguewhatisnotintheirhearts
anddothingswhichappeartobegoodwhileconcealingtheirillintentions.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)described
theminHisNobleBookinSurahAlNisa', Verily,thehypocritesseektodeceiveAllh,butitisHeWhodeceivesthem.And
whentheystandupforAsSalt(theprayer),theystandwithlazinessandtobeseenofmen,andtheydonotrememberAllhbut
little. (Theyare)swayingbetweenthisandthat,belongingneithertothesenortothose

(PartNo:5,PageNo:24)

Theydonotremainononeway.Sometimes,theyarewithMuslimsandothertimestheyarewiththe www.ircpk.com
disbelievers.WeaskAllahtoprotectusfromthat.

AllahmentionedtheminthebeginningofSurahofAlBaqarah: Andofmankind,therearesome(hypocrites)whosay:
"WebelieveinAllhandtheLastDay"whileinfacttheybelievenot. They(thinkto)deceiveAllhandthosewhobelieve,whilethey
onlydeceivethemselves,andperceive(it)not! Intheirheartsisadisease(ofdoubtandhypocrisy)andAllhhasincreasedtheir
TheAyahsindicatethattheyspeakwellanddowrong
disease.Apainfultormentistheirsbecausetheyusedtotelllies.
thus.theiractsdonotreflecttheirhearts.Consequently,theyareliars.SomerecitetheAyahasfollows:
becausetheyusedtotelllies. TheyapparentlyadmittheoutwardritesofIslambutinwardlytheybeliethe
Prophetandrevelation.Thus,AllahmentionsthattheyarelowerthanthedisbelieversinHellfire.Allah
states, Verily,thehypocriteswillbeinthelowestdepth(grade)oftheFirenohelperwillyoufindforthem. TheMuslimsof
truefaithareindeedbelievers.TheycombinesubmissionandhumilitytoAllahobeyHim,andfightinHis
Causesincerelyintruefaith.Thus,theypossesstruthfultongues,gooddeeds,andsincereheartsthat
entertainfear,hope,sincerity,loveofAllah,andalongingforHisParadise,whilefearingHisPunishment
(mayHebeExaltedandGlorified).

AllahreferredtothetruthfulbelieverinHisStatement, Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,
friends,protectors)ofoneanother and Thebelieversareonlythosewho,whenAllhismentioned,feelafearintheirheartsand
whenHisVerses(thisQurn)arereciteduntothem,they(i.e.theVerses)increasetheirFaithandtheyputtheirtrustintheirLord
(Alone) andtheAyahthatfollowsit.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:25)

Therefore,weshouldrealizethesegreatattributesandadoptthem,especially,devotiontoAllah.The
testimonyoffaithenjoinsseekingAllahAloneinworship,offeringactsofworshipexclusivelyforHisSake
withheartsfilledwithloveanddevotion,andlongingtorememberHim.Allah(glorybetoHim)states, And
theywerecommandednot,butthattheyshouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfromascribingpartnersto
Him) Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: SoworshipAllh(Alone)bydoingreligiousdeedssincerelyforAllhssakeonly.
Surelythereligion(i.e.theworshipandtheobedience)isforAllhonly. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: So,
callyou(OMuhammadandthebelievers)upon(orinvoke)Allhmaking(your)worshippureforHim(Alone)(by
worshippingnonebutHimandbydoingreligiousdeedssincerelyforAllhssakeonlyandnottoshowoffandnottosetuprivalswith
Himinworship),howevermuchthedisbelievers(intheOnenessofAllh)mayhate(it). Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays:
ThatisbecauseAllhHeistheTruth(theonlyTrueGodofallthatexists,WhohasnopartnersorrivalswithHim),andwhatthey
(thepolytheists)invokebesidesHim,itisBtil(falsehood).

Indeed,sinceritytoAllahisthebasisofthewordofTawhid,i.e.thereisnoneworthyofworshipexcept
Allah.ItrejectstheworshipofanyotheralongwithAllahandapprovestheworshipofAllahAlone.Faithis
notvalidoracceptableexceptbysinceritytoAllah.Similarly,aMuslimorbelievercannothavesoundfaith
exceptthroughdevotingtheirworshiptoAllahandhavingfirmbeliefinAllah'sMessenger(peacebeupon
him)testifyingthatheisAllah'sMessengertojinnandmankind.Thistestimonyresultsinthefollowingof
HisShari`ah,beingsteadfastuponHisway,andobservingtherestrictionsthattheProphet(peacebeupon
him)determined.

Boththese

(PartNo:5,PageNo:26)

declarationsthatthereisnoonehastherighttobeworshippedbutAllahandMuhammadisAllah's
Messengerarethebasisoffaith.AMuslimisrequiredtobetruthfulinthemandmustfulfillitsdutiesi.e.
verbalandpracticalcommandmentsandprohibitions.Theneglectofanyoftheserevealsdeficiencyinfaith
andTawhid.Itisthusevidentthatthesetwotestimoniesenjoindutiestobefulfilledandlaydown
prohibitionstobeavoided.AccordingtotheauthenticHadith,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated, I
havebeencommandedtofightagainstpeopleuntiltheytestifythatnoonehastherighttobeworshippedbutAllah.Iftheysayit,then
theysavetheirlivesandpropertyfrommeexceptifthereisright(forothersinthem). AbuBakr(mayAllahbepleasedwith
him)raisedthisHadithasaproofforfightingthosewhorefusedtopayZakah.Hesaid,"Zakahisadueright
bythetestimonyoffaith.)"Accordingly,theCompanions(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)obeyedhimand
foughtagainstthosepeople.

TheAyahofSurahBara'ah(Surahnumber9)explainstheserightswhereAllahstates, Thebelievers,menand
women,areAuliy (helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.Islmic
MonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andall
thatIslmhasforbidden)theyperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),andgivetheZakt,andobeyAllhandHisMessenger.Allhwill
haveHisMercyonthem.SurelyAllhisAllMighty,AllWise. Thebelievers,menorwomen,arethosewhobelievein
Allah'sDivinityandOneness,anddevotetheiractstohiminfirmbeliefinhisMessenger(peacebeupon
him).Thus,theyaresinceresupportersofoneanother.Theyloveandadviseeachothertoholdfasttotruth
andpatience.Theyalsocooperateinrighteousnessandpiety.

Thesearethecharacteristicsofbelieversandtheirgoodmannersthatleavenoroomforhatred,malice,
envy,cheating,betrayal,perjury,lying,injustice,disappointmentoftheirbrothersinIslam,orbreachof
trust.TheyaretruthfulbrothersinIslam.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:27)

Muslimswhofulfilltheserequirementsareindeedtruthfulintheirbeliefandtheirheartswillbefilledwith
faithandfirmloveofAllah.
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Ifyoufindinyourselfanyinclinationtodeceiveyourbrother,thusyouhaveweakfaithandlackofsincerity
toAllah.Ifperfectfaithexists,nodeficiencywilloccur.Indeed,thevicesofenvy,deception,perjury,and
injusticeareevidenttokensofthedeficientfaith,lackofsincerity,andweakIslam.

Similarly,allsinsaretokensofweakbelief.Somesinsmayleadtothecompletelossoffaithsuchas
abandoningSalah,whichisregardedasmajordisbeliefandapostasy.Thisholdstrueevenifaperson
abandonsitwithoutdenyingitsobligation,accordingtothepreponderantopinionofthetwomainviewsof
scholarsonthisissue.AsforthosewhodenytheobligationofSalah,theyareregardedasdisbelievers
accordingtotheunanimousagreementofscholars.

ThesameisappliedtoonewhodeniestheobligationofZakah,fastingofRamadan,HajjtotheSacred
House,Jihad(fightingagainstAllah'senemies),orothermattersthataretakenforgranted.

Similarly,ifonedeniesanyknownforbiddenmatterssuchasadultery,wine,undutifulnesstoparents,usury,
andotherlikethingsthataretakenforgrantedasbeingunlawful,thistakesoneoutofthefoldIslam.May
Allahprotectusagainstthis!

Itisevidentthatsinsmaycausethelossoffaithcompletely.TheymaytakeoneoutofthefoldofIslamas
illustratedintheaforementionedexamples.ThescholarsoftheschoolsofFiqhexplainedthisissueindetail
inaseparatechapterentitled"ChapterontherulingontheApostate".Itisanimportantchapterthatis
worthyofstudyanddueconcern.

However,somesinsweakenthefaith

(PartNo:5,PageNo:28)

suchasconsumingalcoholicbeverages,usury,undutifulnesstobothoroneofone'sparents,backbiting,
talebearing,envy,andinjustice.Ifapersoncommitsoneoftheseactswithoutdeemingthemlawful,itwill
causedeficiencyinhisfaith.AccordingtoAhlAlSunnahwalJama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahand
theMuslimcommunity)faithincreasesbyactsofobedienceanddecreasesbysins.

Theweaknessoffaithisinaccordancetotheseverityofthesinsapersoncommits.

Forexample,somemaycommitthesinofIsbal(loweringgarment),shavingthebeard,andotherprohibited
matters.ManyMuslimsdonotpayattentiontotheirclothesorbeards.Theymayshaveofftheirbeardsor
trimthemanddragtheirgarments,whichareallsinfulactsthatweakenfaithanddecreaseconviction.The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)statedintheauthenticHadith, Trimcloselythemustache,letthebeardgrow,andact
againstthepolytheists. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim).TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceand
Blessingsbeuponhim)alsostated, Trimcloselythemustache,andgrowbeard,andactagainsttheMagi. (Relatedby
MusliminhisSahih)TheHadithsthatforbidimitatingthedisbelieversandcommandtoactcontrarytothem
aremany.

OneshouldtakeintoconsiderationthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)clarifiedandcalledMuslimsto
everygoodactandwarnedthemagainsteveryevil.He(maypeacebeuponhim)stated, Whatisbelowthe
anklesofalowergarmentiscondemnedtotheFire(Hell). (NarratedbyAlBukhariinhisSahih)Thelowergarment,
trousers,cloaks,andthelikeshouldnotbewornbeneaththeanklebones.Ifonedoesso,heisliabletothe
punishmentreferredtowithregardtomen.Asforwomen,theymustweartheirclotheslooseandcover
theirfeetaswell.Also,menarenotpermissibletoimitatewomenbytrailingtheirgarmentsoranything
else.

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ItissignificanttoalertthatmanypeopleignoreofferingSalahthoughitisthepillarofIslamandthemostimportantreligious
obligationafterthetwodeclarationsoffaith.

ItisnecessarytopaygreatattentiontoandofferitattheduetimewithMuslimsinMasjids(mosques)for
men.OnefindsthatsomepeopleperformSalahinhouses.TheymayevenofferoneSalahandabandon
another,althoughthisisagreatmistakeandanabominableact.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:29)

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidintheauthenticHadith, Thematterthatdifferentiatesusfromthem(the
disbelieversandhypocrites)isSalahifanyone(ofus)abandonsit,hebecomesadisbeliever. (NarratedbyImamAhmadand
A h lu lSunan(authorsofHadithcompilationsclassifiedbyjurisprudentialthemes)withanauthenticIsnad
(chainoftransmitters)ontheauthorityofBuraydahIbnAlHusayn(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim).Moreover,
theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, WhatmakesoneadisbelieverandapolytheistisabandoningSalah. (Relatedby
MusliminHisSahih(compilationofauthenticHadiths)ontheauthorityofJabir(mayAllahbepleasedwith
him).TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)onceresolvedtosetfiretothehousesofthosewhodonotoffer
Salahincongregationandofferitintheirhouses.He(peacebeuponhim)said, Ithoughtofgivingordersthatthe
SalahcommenceandamanleadspeopleinSalah,thenIwouldgowithsomemenhavingbundlesofwoodtomenwhoneglect[the
congregational]Salahandsetfiretotheirhousewhiletheyareinsidethem. (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim)

ThisshowstheobligationofofferingSalahincongregationinMasjidsandthatwhoeverrefrainsfromthis
deservespunishment.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Whoeverhearsthecall(Adhan)anddoesnotcome(to
theMasjid),thenthereisnovalidSalahforhimunlessheislegallyexcused. (NarratedbyIbnMajah,AlDaraqutni,and
A lHakimwithanIsnadcorrespondenttotheconditionslaidbyMuslimfortheauthenticHadith.)

OnceIbn`Abbaswasaskedabouttheexcuse.Hesaid,"Itisfearorillness."Moreover,itisreportedinthe
SahihofMuslimontheauthorityofAbuHurayrah(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)that Ablindmansaid,"O
MessengerofAllah,IhavenoonetotakemetotheMasjid.Then,amIpermittedtoofferSalahinmyhouse?TheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)askedhim,"DoyouhearthecalltoSalah?Hesaid,"Yes."He(theProphetthen)said,"Then,respondtoit." Then,how
canapersonwhofearsAllahandhopesforHispleasureallowhimselftoofferSalahinhishouseand
resemblethehypocrites!Allahsaidaboutthehypocrites, Verily,thehypocritesseektodeceiveAllh,butitisHeWho
deceivesthem.AndwhentheystandupforAsSalt(theprayer),theystandwithlazinessandtobeseenofmen,andtheydonot
rememberAllhbutlittle. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidconcerningthem, Themostburdensomeprayersfor
thehypocritesare`Isha'(Night)PrayerandFajr(Dawn)Prayer.Iftheyknewwhat(goodness)thereisinthem,theywouldhavecome
tothem,eveniftheyhadtocrawl. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim).

(PartNo:5,PageNo:30)

`AbdullahIbnMas`ud(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)said,"Isawthetimewhennoonestayedawayfromit
(i.e.congregationalSalah)exceptahypocritewhosehypocrisyisevident.Theman(fromtheSahabah)
wouldbebroughtswaying(duetoweakness)betweentwomenuntilhewassetupintherow.(Relatedby
MusliminHisSahih).

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)said, Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofone
anothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)from
A lMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslmhasforbidden)theyperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),and
givetheZakt,andobeyAllhandHisMessenger.AllhwillhaveHisMercyonthem.SurelyAllhisAllMighty,AllWise. Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Guardstrictly(fiveobligatory)AsSalawt(theprayers)especiallythemiddleSalt(i.e.thebest
prayer Asr).AndstandbeforeAllhwithobedience[anddonotspeaktoothersduringtheSalt(prayers)]. Allah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)says, AndperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),andgiveZaktandbowdown(orsubmityourselveswith
obediencetoAllh)alongwithArRakin.

Indeed,amongthemostimportantmattersofSalahisKhushu'i.e.offeringitwithutmostsubmission,and
undertakingitwithbothheartandsoul.AprayingpersonshouldofferhisSalahwhileheishumble,
assured,andsubmissivetohisLordwithhisheartattentiveandhopingforAllah'sMercyandfearingHis
Punishment.Heorsheshouldnotofferitrapidlysuchasthehypocritesorwithoutsubmissionbutshould
concentrateonSalahtillhefinishesitbearinginmindthatheorsheisbeforeAllahhopingforHisMercy
andfearingofHispunishment.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)said, Successfulindeedarethebelievers. Thosewhooffer
theirSalt(prayers)withallsolemnityandfullsubmissiveness. Then,He(glorybetoHim)mentionedsomeofthe
dignifiedcharacteristicsofthebelieversandsaidintheendofthem, Andthosewhostrictlyguardtheir(five
compulsorycongregational)Salawt(prayers)(attheirfixedstatedhours). Theseareindeedtheinheritors Whoshallinheritthe
Moreover,itisnotpermissibleforaMuslimtoimitatethe
Firdaus(Paradise).Theyshalldwellthereinforever.
enemiesofAllahfromthehypocritesconcerningleniency

(PartNo:5,PageNo:31)

andsluggishnessinofferingSalahandperformingitwithouttranquility.ItisnecessarytotakecareofSalah
andofferitincongregationatitsduetimesinaccordancewiththeShari`ahofAllah.Thiswasthesituation www.ircpk.com
oftheProphetandHisSahabah(companions)andthosewhofollowtheminrighteousnessandoneis
requiredtoseekguidancefromtheiracts.

Zakah(obligatorycharity)isamongthegreatestreligiousobligationsandisthethirdofthePillarsofIslam.
Therefore,itisnecessarytopayitgreatattentionandgiveittothosewhodeserveit.

Likewise,Sawm(fasting)ofRamadan,aMuslimshouldtakeduecareandobservanceofthispillar,foritis
thefourthpillarofthefivepillarsofIslam.SawmshouldbeobservedfromthingsthatAllahprohibitedand
performedinaccordancewiththeteachingsofShari`ahsothatone'ssinsareremovedbyit.TheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said, WhoeverobservesSawm(fasting)duringthemonthofRamadanoutofsincerefaithandseeking
Allah'sreward,hispastsinswillbeforgiven. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim).

AsforHajj(Pilgrimage),itisobligatoryonlyonthosewhocanaffordit.AMuslimshouldofferHajjonce
duringtheirlifetimeonconditionthattheyareabletoperformit.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)said, AndHajj
(pilgrimagetoMakkah)totheHouse(Kabah)isadutythatmankindowestoAllh,thosewhocanaffordtheexpenses(forones
conveyance,provisionandresidence) ItisamongthecausesofforgivenessandhavingadmittancetoParadise.The
Prophetsaid, (Theperformanceof)`Umraafter`Umrahhelpstoexpiateforthesinscommittedinbetweenandtherewardof
MabrurHajj(theoneacceptedbyAllah)isnothingexceptParadise. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosays, Whoever
performsHajjanddoesnotuseobscenelanguageorcommitsasin,willreturn(pureofsin)asonthedaytheirmothergavebirthto
them. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim).

EnjoininggoodandforbiddingevilareofthemostimportantobligationsafterthefivepillarsofIslam.They
arefromthecharacteristicsofthebelieversandtheirgreatdeeds.Allah(glorybetoHim)said, Thebelievers,
menandwomen,areAuliy (helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.
IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,
andallthatIslmhasforbidden)theyperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt) Allahadvancedenjoininggoodandforbidding

(PartNo:5,PageNo:32)

evilbeforeSalahinthisAyah(Qur'anicVerse)owingtoitsgreatpositionandbeingintheseriousinterestof
Muslims.ThisgreatrankisalsoassuredbythefactthatAllahmentioneditpriortobeliefinHisSaying, You
[truebelieversinIslmicMonotheism,andrealfollowersofProphetMuhammad)andhisSunnah]arethebestof
peopleseverraisedupformankindyouenjoinAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmhasordained)andforbidAl
Munkar(polytheism,disbeliefandallthatIslmhasforbidden),andyoubelieveinAllh.

Therefore,allthebelieversshouldenforcethisnormamongstthemandrecommendoneanthertostickto
truthandstaypatientaccordingtothesenobleAyahsandotherAyahsandHadithstothiseffect.Among
theseAyahsisAllah'ssaying, ByAl Asr(thetime). Verily,manisinloss, Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmic
Monotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommendoneanothertothetruth[i.e.orderoneanothertoperformallkindsof
gooddeeds(AlM a ruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeeds(AlMunkarwhichAllhhas
forbidden],andrecommendoneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,andinjurieswhichonemayencounterinAllhsCause
duringpreachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd). IfaMuslimseeshisMuslimbrothershowingleniency
towardsSalahorcommittingsomeprohibitions,heshouldadvisehimgentlyandkindly.Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)says, Invite(mankind,OMuhammad)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.
withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewiththeminawaythatisbetter. TheProphet(peace
beuponhim)said, Verily,AllahiskindandHeloveskindnessinallthematter. Moreover,theProphet(peacebeupon
him)said, Sticktokindnessitisnottobefoundinanythingbutthatitaddstoitsbeautyanditisnotwithdrawnfromanythingbut
itmakesitdefective. IfyoufindyourbrothersluggishtowardsofferingSalahincongregation,youarerequired
toadvisehimmildlyusingwisdom.Ifheappearstobeillnaturedwithhisbrothers,youshouldadvisehim
tobehavemodestlywithhisbrothersandbegoodwiththem.Indeed,thisappliestoallbaddeedsifone
seeshisMuslimbrotherundutifultooneoforbothhisparents,relatives,wife,orfamily,heshouldadvise
himgently,wisely,andkindlysaying,"Obrother,fearAllah!Thebestpersonishewhoprovesgoodtohis
ownfamily.Itshouldbeexplainedtohimthatadvising,honoring,andkeepingapartallharmandoffenses
fromone'sfamilyareobligatory.AMuslimhastodirectthemwiselytowhatisrightandforbidthemfrom
whatiswrong.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:33)

Allah(mayhebeExalted)said, Oyouwhobelieve!WardoffyourselvesandyourfamiliesagainstaFire(Hell)whosefuelis
menandstones AddressingHisProphet(peacebeuponhim),Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)said, AndenjoinAsSalt
(theprayer)onyourfamily,andbepatientinofferingthem[i.e.theSalt(prayers)].

Therefore,enjoininggoodandforbiddingevilisamongthemostimportantdutiesandobligationsofmen
andwomenalike,asindicatedbytheBookofAllahandSunnahoftheMessengerofAllah.Allah(Exaltedbe
He)said, Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(onthe
people)AlM a rf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.polytheism
anddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslmhasforbidden) TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Whoeveramongyou
seessomethingabominableshouldrectifyitwithhishandandifheisnotableenoughtodoso,thenheshoulddoitwithhistongue
andifheisnotableenoughtodoso,(even)thenheshould(abhorit)fromhisheart,andthatistheleastofFaith. (Relatedby
MusliminHisSahih).Thisisthewayofenforcingthisobligationamongbelievers,menandwomen.

IfMuslimsneglectthenormsofenjoininggoodandforbiddingevil,thebaddeedswillspreadamongthem
anditisfearedthatgeneralpunishmentsmaybefallthem.TheProphet(peacebeuponhimsaid, Ifpeople
seewrongdoingcommittedanddonotchangeit,Allahisabouttopunishthemall. (RelatedbyImamAhmadwithan www.ircpk.com
authenticIsnadontheauthorityofAbuBakrAlSiddiq(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim).Allahsaysinhis
GloriousBookconcerningthechildrenofIsrael ThoseamongtheChildrenofIsraelwhodisbelievedwerecursedbythetongue
ofDwd(David)and Is(Jesus),sonofMaryam(Mary).Thatwasbecausetheydisobeyed(AllhandtheMessengers)andwere
evertransgressingbeyondbounds. TheyusednottoforbidoneanotherfromAlMunkar(wrong,evildoing,sins,polytheism,
ItisrelatedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
disbelief)whichtheycommitted.Vileindeedwaswhattheyusedtodo.
saidwhenrecitingthisAyah, Never,byHiminWhoseHandmysoulis,youeitherenjoingood,forbidevil,andpreventthefool
fromhiswrongdoings,(inanothernarration

(PartNo:5,PageNo:34)

thewrongdoer)anddirecthimtowardsgoodnessinarightwayorAllahwillcertainlybefallyouwithtroublesandthencurseyouas
Hecursedthem(theJewsandtheChristians). (RelatedbyAbuDawud)MayAllahprotectusfromeveryevilandtrouble.Nodoubtthis
matterisgreatlyimportant.ItisworthyofMuslimsgreatattention.Thisisbecauseenjoininggoodandforbiddingevilareamongthe
causesofsettingarightboththelaypeopleandtheprominentpeople.

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)said, ByAlAsr(thetime). Verily,manisinloss, Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)and


dorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommendoneanothertothetruth[i.e.orderoneanothertoperformallkindsofgooddeeds(Al
M a ruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeeds(AlMunkarwhichAllhhasforbidden],and
recommendoneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,andinjurieswhichonemayencounterinAllhsCauseduring
preachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd). Allahillustratesthatthesefourthcharacteristicsdistinguishthebelievers
whomAllahwillsavefromHistormentinthisworldlylifeandintheHereafter.Allahruledthatthoseotherthanthemarelosers.He
affirmedthatbyswearing,saying: ByAlAsr(thetime). Indeed,Allah(glorybetoHim)isthemosttruthful.Heisnotinneedof
takinganoathbutHedidtoassurethematterandtowarnagainstcausesofloss."Al`Asr"referstothetimei.e.thedayandnight,
fortheyarethetimesduringwhichpeoplefulfilltheirdeeds.He(ExaltedbeHe)isfreetoswearbywhateverHelikesfromHis
Creatures.Inotherpositions,forexample,Allahswearsbytheheaven,AlTariq(thenightcomer,i.e.thebrightstar),theheaven,
holdingthebigstars,thesunanditsbrightnesstheGloriousMorningLight,theFig,andthingsotherthanthese.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)
swearsbywhatHewillsofHiscreaturesthatindicateHisGreatnessandExaltednessandthatHeisworthyofworship(mayHebe
ExaltedandGlorified).PeoplearenotallowedtoswearbutbyAllah(glorybetoHim).TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said,
Whoeverisgoingtotakeanoath,lethimswearbyAllahorremainssilent. AndHe(PeaceandBlessingsofAllahbeuponhim)said,
WhoeverswearsbyanyoneotherthanAllahcommitsanactofShirk. Accordingly,nooneisallowedtoswearexceptbyAllah(may
HeExaltedandGlorified).

ItisnotpermissibletoswearbyanyoneotherthanAllah,beitaProphet,apiousperson,anangel,honesty,etc.Oneisonlypermitted
toswearbyAllah(glorybetoHim)whereasAllahisfreetoswearbywhateverHelikesforHeistheMostJustandtheMostFairWho
ownseverything.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:35)

HehasfullpoweroverHiscreations.ThisindicatesHisGreatnessandHisWorthinessofworshipapartfromanyoneotherthanHim.

TakinganaffirmativeoathbyTIMEthatallpeopleareinlossandliabletogrievousends Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmic
Monotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommendoneanothertothetruth[i.e.orderoneanothertoperformallkindsof
gooddeeds(AlM a ruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeeds(AlMunkarwhichAllhhas
forbidden],andrecommendoneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,andinjurieswhichonemayencounterinAllhsCause
duringpreachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd). Thosearethewinnersandthehappiestpeople.Obrothers,weshould
acquirethesetruthfulcharacteristicsofbelieversandrecommendoneanothertoobservepatienceuntilwelovethemsincerelyand
believeinthem.

Itisknownthatfaithshouldbeinbothwordsanddeeds.Itincreasesbyobedienceanddecreasesbyevildeeds.AhlulSunnah(those
adheringtotheSunnah)mayalsosaythatIman(faith)isinwords,deeds,andbeliefanditincreasesbyobedienceanddecreasesby
sins.Bothsayingsarecorrect,forfaithisthebeliefoftheheart,thesayingofthetongue,andtheworkofthebody.Someactssuch
asJihad(fightinginthecauseofAllah),Salah,Zakah,Sawm,Hajjandothergooddeedsareamongthebranchesoffaiththatfaithis
dependentonthemi.e.iftheyincrease,faithincreasesandviceversa.ThisistheopinionofAhlulSunnahwalJama`ah(those
adheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody),theSahabah,andthosewhofollowedtheminrighteousness.

Thetestimonyoffaithi.e.thereisnodeitybutAllahandMuhammadistheMessengerofAllah,Salah,Zakah,Sawm,Hajj,Jihad,and
otherprescribedactsarealsoamongthebranchesoffaith.Themorethesegooddeedsincrease,thebetterImanaservanthasand
viceversa.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Faithhasmorethanseventybranches,themostpremierofwhichisthe
declarationthatthereisnooneworthyofworshipbutAllah,andthehumblestofwhichisremovingharmfulthingsfromthepath,and
shynessisoneofthebranchesoffaith. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim).

Verily,peoplemaynotwinsuccessorsalvationintheworldlylifeorthehereafter

(PartNo:5,PageNo:36)

exceptbythesefourthings:(1)Truefaith.(2)Righteousdeeds,whichdespiteitsinclusioninfaith,arementionedformore
confirmationandelaboration.Therighteousdeedsaretheconsequenceoffaith,indeed.(3)Recommendingoneanothertothetruth.
(4)Recommendingoneanothertopatience.AllahpointsthemoutowingtotheirgreatimportanceandtheneedofMuslimstothem.
Indeed,thetruewinnersarethosewhohavesincereandfirmbeliefinAllah(glorybetoHim)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)
andbelievethattheirLordistheTrueOneandbelieveinHisMessengerMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)andallMessengers(peace
andblessingsbeuponthem),Allah'sBooks,HisAngels,thelastDay,theDivinepreordainment,andallthatAllahandHisMessenger
conveyed.

Whoeverfulfillsthesethingsisthesuccessfulandthetruewinner.Asforthethirdcharacteristic,namely,recommendingoneanother
tothetruth,itisamongtherighteousdeedsandthebranchesoffaithbutAllahreferredtoitbecauseofitsgreatimportance.This
characteristicincludesmutualadvice,cooperationingood,Da`wah(thecalltoAllah),enjoininggood,andforbiddingevil.TheProphet
peacebeuponhim)said, Religionisbasedongivingadvice.Uponthiswesaid,"Forwhom?"He(peacebeuponhim)replied,"For
Allah,HisBook,HisMessenger,andfortheleadersandthegeneralMuslims."

Then,Allahmentionedthefourthcharacteristic,namely,recommendingoneanothertopatienceowingtothedireneedtoit.These
arethecharacteristicsofthehappiestpeopleandthetruewinners,menorwomen,whohavesincereandfirmbeliefinAllahandthe
LastDay,seekAllahonlythroughtheirdeeds,professHisOneness,believeinHim,inwhathementionedinHisBookandHis
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)andwhatheinformedofandtheyratifytheirbeliefbyrighteousdeeds.
www.ircpk.com
ThosepeopleofferSalah,payZakah,observeSawm,performHajj,striveindoinggooddeeds,enjoingood,forbidevilandotheracts
offaithincludingthethirdcharacteristic,namelyrecommendinggoodandforbiddingevil.Allahreferredtothisactowingtoitsgreat
importancesothatpeoplemayobserveitandadviseoneanother,enjoingood,forbidevil,andcooperateinrighteousnessandpiety
callingtoAllahandguidingpeopletoHim.Asforthefourthcharacteristic,namely

(PartNo:5,PageNo:37)

recommendingoneanothertopatience,Allahmentioneditowingtoitsgreatimportanceandtheneedtoit.Onecannotfulfillthis
matterexceptbytheHelpofAllahandpatience.

Therefore,thebelieversshouldbepatientinfulfillingthetruthandrefrainingfromfalsehoodandseekingAllah'sassistanceinthis.If
theydoso,theywillgaingreatreward,thepraisedconsequence,andsuccessinthisworldlylifeandinthehereafter.Allah(glorybe
toHim)saidtoHisProphet(peacebeuponhim), Sobepatient.Surely,the(good)endisforAlMuttaqn(thepious) AndHe
(GlorifiedbeHe)said, Oyouwhobelieve!Endureandbemorepatient(thanyourenemy),andguardyourterritorybystationingarmy
unitspermanentlyattheplacesfromwheretheenemycanattackyou,andfearAllh,sothatyoumaybesuccessful. Thereare
manyAyahswhichassurethismeaning.

Indeed,peopleareinbadneedofsupplicatingtoAllahandaskingHimforguidance.HeistheOnewhoguidestowhatisrightand
grantssuccess.WhomHeguidesistherightlyguidedandwhomHeletsgoastrayhasnoonetoguidehim.Indeed,thereisnomight
norstrengthsaveinAllah,theMostHigh,theMostGreat.

Thebeliever,manorwoman,shouldsupplicatetoAllahandaskHimforguidanceandsuccess.Theyshouldworktruthfullyand
sincerelyrecommendingoneanothertothetruthandpatience.Allah(glorybetoHim)said, AndyourLordsaid:InvokeMe,[i.e.
believeinMyOneness(IslmicMonotheism)andaskMeforanything]Iwillrespondtoyour(invocation). Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)
a l s o : AndwhenMyslavesaskyou(OMuhammad)concerningMe,then(answerthem),Iamindeednear(to
thembyMyKnowledge).IrespondtotheinvocationsofthesupplicantwhenhecallsonMe(withoutanymediatororintercessor).So
letthemobeyMeandbelieveinMe,sothattheymaybeledaright. AbelievershouldhumblyandsubmissivelyaskAllahtohelphim
fulfillHisobligationsduetoHimortoHisservants.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:38)

Faith,asmentioned,ismorethanseventybranches.Themostpremierofwhichisthedeclarationthatnoonehastherightto
worshippedexceptAllahwhereasthesimplestofwhichistoremoveharmfulthings,suchasastone,athorn,andthelikefromroads.
Shynessisamongthebranchesoffaith,foritisanoblemannerismdwellingtheheartthatholdsapersonbackfromlowmoralsand
evildeedsandencourageshimtohighmoralstandardsandthebestofdeeds.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Shyness
bringsforthnothingbutgoodness. Inanothernarration, Shynessisavirtuethroughandthrough. (bothofthesenarrationsare
relatedbyMusliminhisSahih).Thepraisedshynessdoesnotcallforneglectingthereligiouscommandmentsorweakenreligiouszeal
andextensionofadvicetobelievers.Ifshynesscallstothat,itwillnotbeshynessbutweaknessandcowardlinessthatdoesnotbefita
believer.

IinvokeAllah(mayHebeExaltedandGlorified)byHisMostBeautifulNamesandAttributestograntusallusefulknowledgeand
righteousdeedsandtohelpusandyoucomprehendHisReligionandadheretoit.WeaskHimtomakeusandyouofthosewho
hastentoHisPleasure,adheretoHisorders,loveoneanotherforHisSake,andrecommendoneanothertothetruthandpatience.
Also,IsupplicatetoHimtosetrighttheaffairsofallMuslimsandsetrighttheconditionsofMuslimseverywhere,grantthemthe
comprehensionofthereligion,letthebestamongthembetheirrulers,andprotectthemfromthewrongdoers.MayAllahgrantour
governmentsuccessineverygoodnessandhelpitdoitsetrightitsretinuegrantitsuccessinallactions,statements,andconduct!
MayAllahbenefitthecountryandpeoplewithitandincreaseitssupportersingoodness!Iaskhimtoblessthisinstitutionandbenefit
theUmmahwithit.HeistheMostGenerous.MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponHisservantandMessengerMuhammadand
uponhisHousehold,Companions,andthosewhofollowedtheminrighteousness!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:39)

QuestionsandAnswersonthelectureofMuslimsWork

Q1:Someemployeesandworkersdonotdotheworkentrustedtothemwiththerequired
enthusiasmtotheextentthatsomeofthemmayspendayearormorewhilenotadvising
othersaboutwhatisgoodorforbiddingofwhatisevil.Someofthemmayevencometowork
lateunderthepretextofhavingpermissionfromthemanagerandthereforetheydonotsee
anyharmfordoingso.Aresuchpersonswiththeaforementionedcharacteristicsreligiously
blameworthy?PleasegiveusFatwainthisregard.MayAllahrewardyoubest!

A : First,aMuslim,manandwoman,shouldconveyIslamicteachingstoothers.Thisis
indicatedbyAllah'sMessenger(peacebeuponhim)whosaid, MayAllahbrighten(thefaceof)aperson
whohearsmywords,comprehendsthem,andthenconveysthemashe/shehasheardthem. Andhe(peacebeupon
him)said: Convey(myteachings)tothepeopleevenifitwereasingleAyah(Qur'anicVerse). WhenevertheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)deliveredasermontopeopleandremindedthemofmattersofreligion
andtheHereafter,hewouldsay, Thosewhoarepresentshouldconveyit(thisinformation)tothosewhoareabsent,as
theinformedonemightcomprehendit(whatIhavesaid)betterthantheonewhoheardit(theinformation). Iadviseyouall
toconveywhatyouheardfromtheIslamicteachingsthroughdeepinsightandconfirmation.
Everyonewhoknowsapieceofinformationandmemorizesitshouldconveyittotheir
families,Muslimbrothersandcompanionsiftheyseeabenefitindoingso.Theyshouldalso
verifythewordstheyconveyandnotrelatetheinformationthattheydonotknowwellsoas
tobeamongthosewhoadviseeachothertotruthandthosewhocalltogood.

Intermsofemployeeswhodonotdotheirworkwellanddonotgiveadvicetoothers,you
haveheardthatamongthequalitiesoffaitharerenderingbackandfulfillingtrusts.Allah
(mayHebeExaltedandGlorified)says: Verily,Allhcommandsthatyoushouldrenderbackthetruststothoseto
whomtheyaredue Indeed,renderingbacktrustsisamongthegreatestqualitiesoffaithand
breachoftrustisamongthegreatestqualitiesofhypocrisy.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says
describingthebelievers: ThosewhoarefaithfullytruetotheirAmant(allthedutieswhichAllhhasordained,honesty,
moralresponsibilityandtrusts)andtotheircovenants Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!Betraynot
AllhandHisMessenger,norbetrayknowinglyyourAmnt(thingsentrustedtoyou,andallthedutieswhichAllhhasordainedfor
you).

(PartNo:5,PageNo:40)

Accordingtothis,anemployeeshouldbecommittedtohistrustandfulfillitwithtruthfulness,
sincerityandcaringandbepunctualsoastoabsolvehimselfofthetrust,makehisgainuseful,
pleasehisLordandbesinceretowardshiscountry,company,oremployer.Indeed,thisis
requiredfromanemployee.AnemployeeshouldfearAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andfulfillhistrust
withtheutmostskillfulnessandsincerityhopingforAllah'sRewardandfearingHis
PunishmentinaccordancewithAllah'sSaying: Verily,Allhcommandsthatyoushouldrenderbackthetruststo
thosetowhomtheyaredue

Amongthecharacteristicsofthehypocritesisbreachingatrust.TheProphet(peacebeupon
him)said: Threearethesignsofahypocrite:whenhespeaks,hetellsaliewhenhemakesapromise,heactstreacherously
andwhenheistrusted,hebetrays. (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim).Therefore,itisnot
permissibleforaMuslimtoimitatethehypocritesbuttheyshouldnothavethesequalities,
andshouldkeepthetrust,dotheirworkwithutmostaccuracyandbepunctualeveniftheir
managerneglectsthismatteranddoesnotcommandthemtofulfilltheirworkingduties.Good
Muslimworkersshouldstrivetobethebestincarryingouttheirworkandrecommending
otherstofulfillthetrusttheyarechargedwithinordertobeagoodexampleforother
workers.

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Q2:Whatistherulingoninterminglingandmixingwithfemaleservantswhoworkinmany
Muslimhousesnowadays?IsitpermissibletoemployanonMuslimfemaleservant?

A : Havingfemaleservantsinvolvesgreatdangerandmuchtrouble.Thisisbecauseitis
impermissibleforaMuslimmantostayalonewithanonMahram(notaspouseoran
unmarriageablerelative)whethersheisaservant,asisterinlaw,apaternalormaternal
uncle'swife,afemaleneighbororanyothernonMahramwoman.

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)says: Ifmanstaysinseclusionwithawoman(notaspouseorunmarriageable
relative),

(PartNo:5,PageNo:41)

Satanistobetheirthird(companion). Therefore,itisimpermissibleforamantostayinseclusionwithanonMahramwoman
whethersheisaservantoranyotherwoman.ItisimpermissibleforhimtoimportKuffar(disbelievers)servants,workers,ormaids
foremploymenttothePeninsula.

OnlyMuslimmenandwomenshouldbebrought,sincetheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)ordainedtoexpeltheKuffarfromthisarea
beforehisdeath.HealsoorderedthatonlyIslamshouldremainthere,foritisthefortandoriginofIslam,thus,itisimpermissibleto
bringtheKuffartoit.However,despitethevastareaoftheArabianPeninsula,itisimpermissibletobringKuffartoit.Anyreasonable
personshouldnotbemisledbypeoplewhotendtobringtheKuffar,forthemajorityofpeopledonotabidebytherulingsofShari`ah
asAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Andifyouobeymostofthoseontheearth,theywillmisleadyoufarawayfromAllhsPath.They
follownothingbutconjectures,andtheydonothingbutlie. Ontheotherhand,thisispermissibleifthereisanecessityforthis,such
astheMuslimsneedfordoctorsorworkers,iftherulerseesitisnecessarytotemporarilybringthemfortheinterestofallMuslims,
aswhathappenedwhentheProphet(peacebeuponhim)usedtheJewsinKhaybarforoneoftheMuslims'needs,thentheywere
expelledby`Umar(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)whentherewasnofurtherneedforthem.

ThesameistrueiftheycomewithouthavingresidencetobenefitMuslims,suchasthosewhocomeforafixeddurationtosell
commodities.Tosupup,itisimpermissibletoemploynonMuslimsexceptinurgentcaseswhichareseentobesobytheruler.

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Q3:SomeMuslimstraveltononMuslimcountrieswiththeaimofstudyorsomeotherreason.
So,isitpermissiblefortheonewhotravelstosuchcountriestogetmarriedtoawomanwhile
havingtheintentionofdivorce?WhatisthedifferencebetweenthisandMut`ahMarriage?I
hopethatyouwillclarifythisforme.MayAllahgrantyousuccess!

A : GettingmarriedtoawomaninanonMuslimcountryinvolvesagreatharmandgrave
danger.Moreover,travelingtothesecountriesisonlyallowedundercertainconditionsforit
exposesonetodisbeliefinAllah(ExaltedbeHe)and

(PartNo:5,PageNo:42)

otherwrongdeedssuchasconsumingintoxicants,adulteryandotherevils.Therefore,
scholarsstatedthatitprohibitedtotraveltononMuslimcountries.TheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)said, IamnotresponsibleforanyMuslimwhostaysamongpolytheists. StayinginnonMuslim
countriesisextremelydangerouswhetheritiswiththeaimoftourism,study,ortrade.The
studentsinsecondary,intermediate,oruniversitystageswhotraveltoforeigncountriesto
studyareparticularlyingreatdanger.Thecountryshouldprovideusefulstudyfortheminside
itandwouldnotallowthemtotraveltononMuslimcountriestostudybecauseofthegreat
dangersthisentails.

Indeed,agreatevilhasresultedfromthisincludingapostasy,indulgenceinevildeeds,
consumingintoxicants,andthemostdangerousthing,namely,abandoningSalah(Prayer)
exceptthosewhomAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasprotectedwithHisMercywhoarefew.
Accordingly,itisobligatorytopreventpeoplefromtravelingtotheseplacesexceptrighteous
peoplewhoareknownfortheiradherencetoreligion,faith,knowledgeandgoodmeritsif
theyaretravelingtocalltoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)ortostudyspecialfieldswhichaMuslim
countryisinneedof.

Thetravelerwhomeetstheserequirementsshouldadheretothestraightpathsoastooffer
themissionofcallingtoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)withdeepinsightorlearnwhathewassentfor.
Indeed,therearecertaincasesexcludedfromthisrulingsuchaswhenthereisanecessityto
learncertainscienceswhichneitherhavequalifiedpeoplewhocanteachthemoritisnot
possibletobringscholarstoteachtheminMuslimcoutries.Inthiscase,itispermissibleto
sendapersonwhoisknownforhisadherencetoreligion,faith,knowledgeandgoodmeritsas
wementionedpreviously.

Thereisadifferenceofopinionaboutgettingmarriedwhilehavingtheintentiontodivorce
somescholarsconsideritreprehensiblesuchasAlAwza`iy(mayAllahconfermercyuponhim)and
agroupofscholarswhosaidthatitresemblesMut`ahmarriage(temporarymarriagefora
stipulatedperiod).Accordingtothem,itisnotallowabletomarryawomanwhilehavingthe
intentiontodivorce.However,themajorityofthescholarsasAlMuwaffaqibnQudamah(mayAllah
confermercyuponhim)statesinHisbookAlMughnyholditispermissibleifthemankeeps
hisintentionunknowntoanyoneexcepthisLordandifthereisnotastipulationorcondition
forthemarriagesuchastobeduringthetimeofstudyoranythingelse.Ifthepersonfears
temptation,heisallowedtogetmarriedtoawomanevenifhehasanintentiontodivorceher
whenhefinisheshismissionsolongashedoesnottellanyoneaboutthisandaslongasthere
isnotaconditionnorthewomanorherWaliy(alegallyaccountablepersonactingfora
womanseekingmarriage)isinformedaboutthisbuthekeepsthisinhimselfandthusonly
knowntoAllah(ExaltedbeHe).

Themajorityofscholarssaythatthereisnoharminthisinthelightofwhatwasmentioned
andthisisdifferentfromMut`ahMarriage,foritisamatterbetweenhimselfandAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)andthereisnostipulationhere.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:43)

Mut`ahMarriageincludesconfiningmarriagetoaperiodsuchasamonth,twomonths,ayear,
twoyears,andsoonandagreeingonthisbetweenthemanandthefamilyofthewomanor
thewomanherself.Inthiscase,itiscalledMut'ahMarriageanditisprohibitedaccordingto
theconsensusofallMuslimscholarsexceptAlRafidah.

ThiskindofmarriagewasallowedduringthefirstdaysofIslam,thenitsrulingwasabrogated
anditbecameprohibitedtilltheDayofJudgmentasreportedintheauthenticHadithsofthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim).

Aswepointedoutpreviously,ifapersontravelstoacountrytostudyorforworkasan
ambassadororforanyotherreasonthatallowshimtotraveltononMuslimcountries,itis
permissibleforhimtoconcludeamarriagewhilehavingtheintentiontodivorcewhenhe
returnsifheneedstogetmarriedbecausehefearstemptation.However,itisbetternotto
havethisintentionasaprecautionandtoescapethedifferenceofopinionofthescholarsover www.ircpk.com
thissinceahusbandisnotbannedfromdivorceifheseesabenefitinitevenifhedoesnot
intenddivorceuponconcludingthemarriage.

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Q4:Whatisyouropiniononthemagazinesthataresoldinthemarket,whichcontainpictures
ofattractiveMutabarrijat(womenwhodressimmodestlyinviolationoftheIslamicdress
code)?Isitpermissibletosellthesemagazines?

A : Itisobligatorythatallthemagazinesandnewspaperswhichcontainpicturesofwomen
shouldbediscontinued,becausethisisFitnah(temptation).PraisebetoAllah,thestatehas
agreedtothisandtheMinisterofInformationhasissuedaninstructionbanningthem.Itis
Wajib(obligatory)uponeveryonetocooperateinprotectingMuslimsagainstthesemagazines
andnewspapers,whichspreaddepravityanduninhibitedpictures,whetherthesepicturesare
insidethemorontheircovers.AsthisisMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableordisapprovedof
byIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect),itisobligatorythattheresponsibleauthorities
shoulddisposeofthem.

TheMinistryofInformationandthereligiousauthoritiesareobligatedtopursuethese
magazinesandtakethenecessarymeasurestoputanendtothem.MayAllahguideandgrant
themsuccesstodowhatbenefitsthecountryandpeople,asHeistheAllHearer,theEver
Near!

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(PartNo:5,PageNo:44)

Q5:Thereisawomanwhosuffersfromapsychologicalillness.Somepeoplehavetoldher
thatifsomeoneissufferingfromaseriousillness,SurahAlZalzalahshouldbereadover
water,andifthepersonwhoisilldrinksit,theywilleitherbecuredordie.

Sheaskedsomeonetorecitethisforherandshedrankthewatertheyrecitedover.Aftera
periodoftime,thewomanbecamepregnant,soshedranksomeofthewaterandshegave
birthtoahealthybaby.Then,afterweaninghim,shebecamepregnantagain.Duringthe
ninthmonth,herillnessreturned,soshedranksomeofthewateragain.However,onthe
sameday,shegavebirthtoastillbornbaby.Afteranotherperiodoftime,shebecame
pregnantonceagainandherillnessreturnedagain,soshedranksomeofthesamewater.In
theeighthmonthofherpregnancy,shegavebirthtoanotherstillbornbaby.

Afterafurtherperiodoftime,shebecamepregnantagainandintheseventhmonth,her
illnessreturned,shedranksomeofthewater,andthefollowingnightshegavebirthtoa
livingbabydaughter.IhaveheardpeoplesaythatreadingSurahAlZalzalahoverwaterand
drinkingitcausesmiscarriages,ifthewatercontainsblackcumin.Shedidnotknowabout
this,soisshetoblameforthechildrenwhodied?

A:First:whatsomepeoplesaythatSurahAlZalzalaheithercuresillnessorcausesdeath,and
thatitcausesmiscarriageshasnobasisintheShariah(Islamiclaw)infacttheyarecommon
falsesuperstitions.

Second:ThewomaninquestionshouldnotofferFidyah(ransom)orKaffarah(expiation),as
whatshedidwasnotthecauseofthedeaths.

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Q6:

WhatpartsofherbodycanaMuslimwomanrevealinfrontofnonMuslimwomen,suchasa
Buddhistwomanforexample?Isittruethatsheisonlypermittedtorevealherface?

A : Accordingtothesoundestscholarlyopinion,awomancanrevealthepartsabovethenavel
andbelowthekneeinthepresenceofotherwomen,whethertheyareMuslimsornot.Asfor
thepartbetweenthenavelandtheknee,thisisAwrah(privatepartsofthebodythatmust
becoveredinpublic)whichawomanshouldnotrevealbeforeotherwomen,regardlessof
whethertheotherwomenareMuslimsornonMuslims,relativesorstrangers.Thisisthesame
astheAwrahofmeninfrontofothermen.

Womenareallowedtoseethechest,head,

(PartNo:5,PageNo:45)

legs,andothersimilarareasofanotherwoman.Thesameappliestomen,theyareallowedto
seethechest,legs,andheadofanotherman.Asfortheopinionofsomescholarsthata
MuslimahshouldnotrevealanyofherbodyinfrontofaKafirah(disbelievingwoman)thisis
anunlikelyopinionaccordingtothesounderofthetwoscholarlyviews.Atthetimeofthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim),theJewishandidolatrouswomenusedtovisitthewivesofthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim),anditisnotreportedthattheywhowerethemostpiousand
bestwomenveiledthemselvesinfrontofthem.

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Q7:Beforewhomshouldwomencovertheface?

A : Thefaceshouldbecoveredbeforeanymarriageablerelative,whoisanonMahram(nota
spouseorunmarriageablerelative)toawoman.Thisisaccordingtothemostcorrectopinion
ofscholars,whetherthisrelativeisapaternalormaternalcousin,oneoftheneighbors,or
someoneelse,forAllah(ExaltedbeHe)saysaddressingallMuslimsduringthelifetimeofthe
MessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)andthosewhosucceedthem: Andwhenyouask(hiswives)
foranythingyouwant,askthemfrombehindascreen:thatispurerforyourheartsandfortheirhearts.

ThisisequallyappliedtotheProphet'swives(peacebeuponhim)andotherMu'min
(believing)womenasHe(GlorifiedbeHe)says: OProphet!Tellyourwivesandyourdaughtersandthewomen
ofthebelieverstodrawtheircloaks(veils)allovertheirbodies(i.e.screenthemselvescompletelyexcepttheeyesoroneeyetosee
theway).Thatwillbebetter,thattheyshouldbeknown(asfreerespectablewomen)soasnottobeannoyed. TheJilbabis
thegarmentputontheheadandbodyovertheclothes.Itisthatclothingwithwhicha
womancoversherhead,faceandthewholebody.However,whatisputontheheadonlyis
calledkhimar.Thus,awomanusestheJilbabtocoverherhead,faceandallherbodyoverher
clothesaspreviouslymentioned.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andtellthebelieving
womentolowertheirgaze(fromlookingatforbiddenthings),andprotecttheirprivateparts(fromillegalsexualacts)andnottoshow
offtheiradornmentexceptonlythatwhichisapparent(likebotheyesfornecessitytoseetheway,orouterpalmsofhandsoroneeye
ordresslikeveil,gloves,headcover,apron,etc.),andtodrawtheirveilsalloverJuybihinna(i.e.theirbodies,faces,necksand
bosoms)andnottorevealtheiradornmentexcepttotheirhusbands,ortheirfathers,ortheirhusbandsfathers HisSaying:
exceptonlythatwhichisapparent(likebotheyesfornecessitytoseetheway,orouterpalmsofhandsoroneeyeordresslikeveil,
gloves,headcover,apron,etc.) wasinterpretedbyIbnMas`ud(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)

(PartNo:5,PageNo:46)

andothersastheapparentclothes,whileothersinterpreteditasthefaceandhands,butthe
firstopinionisthemostcorrectoneforitconsistswiththelegalevidencesandthetwo
previousAyahs,someofthosewhohadinterpreteditasthefaceandhandsdeclaredthatthis
wasbeforeimposingHijabsincethewomanusedtorevealherfaceandhandstomenatthe
beginningofIslam,butaftertherevelationoftheAyahofHijab,theywerepreventedtodo
so,anditbecameincumbentuponthemtocovertheirfacesandhandsinallcases.Afterthat
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)declares: andtodrawtheirveilsalloverJuybihinna(i.e.theirbodies,faces,necksandbosoms)
AndKhumuristhepluralofKhimarwhichisusedtocovertheheadandwhatsurroundsit,it
iscalledkhimarsinceitcoverswhatliesunderneathit.ThatiswhyKhamr(intoxicant)was
alsocalledbythisnameasitcoversthemindsandchangesthem.

A lJaybsignifiestheopeningfromwhichtheheadisreleased.Thus,ifawomanputsakhimar
onherface,shewillhavetocovertheJayb,andanythingexposedfromthechest,thenAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)says: andnottorevealtheiradornmentexcepttotheirhusbands tilltheendoftheAyah,and
theadornmenthereincludestheface,headandtherestofthebody,thereforeawoman
shouldcoverthisadornmenttoavoidseducingorbeingseduced.Thisisindicatedbywhathas
beenauthenticallyproveninthetwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariand
Muslim)ontheauthorityof`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)thatshesaid:WhenIheard
thevoiceofSafwanibnMu`attalIputakhimaronmyface,andhehasseenmebeforeHijab,thusit
becameknownafterwardsthatwomenarecommandedtocovertheirface,andthatitisof
theveilmeantinthenobleAyah,inwhichAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andwhenyou
ask(hiswives)foranythingyouwant,askthemfrombehindascreen .

WhatwasrelatedbyAbuDawudontheauthorityof`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)
thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidaboutAsma' Whenawomanreachestheageofpuberty,nothing
shouldbeseenofherbutthisandthatandhepointedtothefaceandhands, itisaDa`if(weak)Hadiththatcan
notbetakenasproofforseveraldefects,amongwhichis

theinterruptionoftheSanad(chainofnarrators)between`Aishahandtheonewhoreports
fromher.AnotherthingisthatsomeofthenarratorsoftheHadithareweaknarratorssuch
a s :Sa`idIbnBashir.InadditiontotheTadlis(misrepresentationresultingfromaHadithnarrator
whoprovidesmisleadinginformationabouthisshaykhorthechainofnarration)ofQatadah(may
Allahbemercifultohim)whousedtheform"`An"(meaning"from"),italsocontradictsthe
legalevidencederivedfromtheAyahsandHadithsindicatingtheobligationonthewomanto
coverherface,hands,andwholebody.Moreover,ifthisHadithisSahih,itshouldbe
consideredashavingbeenrevealedbeforetheAyahofHijabwithrespecttocombiningthe
evidence.AllahistheOneWhograntssuccessandguidestotherightpath.

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(PartNo:5,PageNo:47)

Q8:WhatistherulingonwhatwasdeclaredinaconferenceheldintheUnitedStateswhere
amongitsrecommendationswasawarningagainstsomeproductsthatcontainpork?These
productsincludesoap,toothpaste,cheese,etc.Pleaseadviseuswithregardtotheseproducts.

A : Manyquestionsaboutthisconferenceandtheseproductswerereferredtousandtotheauthorities
concernedintheKingdomofSaudiArabia.Irepliedthatnothinghasreachedushere.Sincewedonothave
anyproofthatcontradictstheresponseoftheauthoritiestothosewhoclaimthatsomeimportedproducts
containporkoritsfats,theoriginalrulingisthatitispermissibleuntilprovenotherwise.Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)states, Oyouwhobelieve(intheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)!EatofthelawfulthingsthatWehave
providedyouwith,andbegratefultoAllh,ifitisindeedHeWhomyouworship. MayAllahgrantussuccess!

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ExplanationoftheSayingofAllah: ItisonlythosewhohaveknowledgeamongHisslavesthatfearAllh.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:48)

Q:Pleaseprovidethe(explanation/exegesis)oftheSayingofAllah(themeaningsofwhich
aretranslatedas), ItisonlythosewhohaveknowledgeamongHisslavesthatfearAllh.

A : ThisloftyAyahindicatesthatthosewhopossessknowledgeaboutAllah,HisDin(Religion),HisGlorious
Book,andtheSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet)ofHisProphethavethemostperfectfearof
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)amongmankind.Thus,theAyahmeansthatthosewhohavecompletefearofAllah
arethosewhoknowtheirLordthroughHisNamesandAttributesandHisGreatRightandtheyareawareof
HisShari ah(DivineLaw)andbelieveintheblessingsstoredforthosewhofearHimandthepunishment
storedforthosewhoforsakeanddisobeyHim.Hence,becauseoftheirprofoundknowledgeaboutAllah,
theyarethemostfearfulandreverentialtowardsAllahandattheheadofthemaretheprophetsand
messengers(peacebeuponthem)andthentheirsucceedingscholarswhopossessknowledgeaboutAllah
andHisDinbuttheirfearisinvaryingdegrees.However,theAyahdoesnotmeanthatnoonefearsAllah
exceptthescholars(thosewhopossessknowledge).AllMuslimsandbelievers,maleandfemale,fearAllah,
buttheirfearisinvaryingdegreesandnotofthesamegrade.Therefore,themorethebelieverpossesses
knowledgeaboutAllahandcomprehendsHisDin,thegreateristheirfearofAllah.Iftheirknowledgeisless,
soistheirunderstandingandawarenessofAllahandHisDinandsubsequentlytheirfearofAllah.Thus,
peopleareofvaryingdegreesinthismatterandsoarethescholarsasalreadystated.Themorethereis
knowledgeaboutDin,thegreaterthereisfearofAllahandthelessthereisknowledgeaboutDin,theless
thereisfearofAllah.ThatiswhyAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Verily,thosewhobelieve[inthe
OnenessofAllh,andinHisMessengerMuhammad)includingallobligationsorderedbyIslm]anddorighteous
gooddeeds,theyarethebestofcreatures. TheirrewardwiththeirLordisAdn(Eden)Paradise(GardensofEternity),underneath
whichriversflow.Theywillabidethereinforever,Allhwillbepleasedwiththem,andtheywithHim.Thatisforhimwhofearshis
Lord. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Verily,,thosewhofeartheirLordunseen(i.e.theydonotseeHim,norHispunishment
intheHereafter),theirswillbeforgivenessandagreatreward(i.e.Paradise).

(PartNo:5,PageNo:49)

TherearemanyAyahsconveyingthismeaning.MayAllahgrantussuccess!

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ExplanationofAllahsSaying: Verily,thehypocriteswillbeinthelowestdepth(grade)oftheFire

Q:Allah(ExaltedbeHe)saysinHisNobleBook(whatmeans): Verily,thehypocriteswillbeinthelowest
depth(grade)oftheFire WhatismeantbyhypocrisyandhypocritesinthisAyah(Quranicverse)?
Pleaseclarifytheirmeaning.

A : thehypocritesarethosewhomakeafalsepretenseofIslam,whentheyareprofessingotherwise.They
claimtobeMuslims,althoughdeepdowntheydisbelieveinAllahandbelietheMessenger(peacebeupon
him).ThesearethehypocriteswhoaresocalledbecausetheyshowIslam,whilehidingKufr(disbelief).
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andofmankind,therearesome(hypocrites)whosay:"WebelieveinAllhand
theLastDay"whileinfacttheybelievenot. They(thinkto)deceiveAllhandthosewhobelieve,whiletheyonlydeceive
themselves,andperceive(it)not! Intheirheartsisadisease(ofdoubtandhypocrisy)(namelydoubtandsuspicion) and
Allhhasincreasedtheirdisease.Apainfultormentistheirsbecausetheyusedtotelllies. Thisthemeiscontinuedinthe
AyahsfollowingtheminSurahAlBaqarah.

ThesearethehypocriteswhodisbelieveinAllahandbelieHisMessengers(peacebeuponthem).Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Verily,thehypocritesseektodeceiveAllh,butitisHeWhodeceivesthem.Andwhen
theystandupforAsSalt(theprayer),theystandwithlazinessandtobeseenofmen,andtheydonotrememberAllhbutlittle.
(Theyare)swayingbetweenthisandthat,belongingneithertothesenortothose

(PartNo:5,PageNo:50)

ThismeansthattheyvacillatebetweentheKafirs(disbelievers)andtheMuslimsattimestheysupportthe
Kafirswhentheyprevailandachievevictoryandatothertimestheysupportthebelieverswhentheyprevail
andachievevictory.TheyarenotsteadfasttheirDin(religion)isnotconstant,andtheirIman(Faith)isnot
solid.TheywaverbetweenthestateofKufrandthestateofIman,andbetweentheKafirsandtheMuslims.
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)hasdisclosedtheirKufrinHisSaying: Andnothingpreventstheircontributionsfrombeing
acceptedfromthemexceptthattheydisbelievedinAllhandinHisMessenger(Muhammad),andthattheycame
nottoAsSalt(theprayer)exceptinalazystate,andthattheyoffernotcontributionsbutunwillingly. Soletnottheirwealthnor
theirchildrenamazeyou(OMuhammad)inrealityAllhsPlanistopunishthemwiththesethingsinthelifeof
thisworld,andthattheirsoulsshalldepart(die)whiletheyaredisbelievers. Thesearethehypocrites.WeaskAllahto
grantussafetyandprotection.

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ConfirmingtheHandandPowerofAllah

(PartNo:5,PageNo:51)

From Abdul Azizibn AbdullahibnBaztothehonorablebrother,ShaykhA.A.M.mayAllahgrantyou


success,Amen!

A ssalamualaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllahsPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbe
uponyou!)

IhavereadwhatyoumentionedintheattachedletterregardingthesayingofAlHafizhIbn
Hajaronwhatwassaidby AbdullahibnMas u d : "ByHiminWhoseHandmysoulis...",thatthe
meaningof"theHand"isAllahsPowerandunderstoodit.However,thereisnodoubtthatthis
isincorrectanddisagreeswiththebeliefsofAhlulSunnahwalJamaah(adherentstothe
SunnahandtheMuslimmainstream).ThecorrectopinionisthatalltheHadithsandAthars
(narrationsfromtheCompanions)reportedinthisregardconfirmthatAllahhasaHandand
hasPower.Infact,theyshowthateverythingisinHisHand(GlorifiedbeHe)andthatHehas
AbsolutePower.TheyalsoshowthatAllah(mayHebePraised)hasaHandinamanner
befittingHim,withoutlikeninganyofHisAttributestoHisCreatures.Thisissupportedbythe
followingAyah(Quranicverse)inSurahAlMaidah: Nay,bothHisHandsarewidelyoutstretched. Andthe
followingAyahinSurahSad: WhatpreventsyoufromprostratingyourselftoonewhomIhavecreatedwithBothMy
Hands. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: AllahstretchesHisHandoutinthenight,sothosewho
committedsinsduringthedaymayrepentandHestretchesHisHandoutintheday,sothosewhocommittedsinsduringnightmay
repent. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid, Allah(mayHebeGlorifiedandExalted)willfoldtheheavens
ontheDayofResurrectionthentaketheminHisRightHandandsay,IamtheKing!Wherearethetyrants!Wherearethearrogant
ones! ThenHewillfoldtheearthsinHisLeftHandandsay,IamtheKing!Wherearethetyrants!Wherearethearrogantones!
TherearemanyAyahsandHadithconveyingthismeaning.

Q2:

RegardingthequestionaboutwhatAlHafizhsaidinreplytothosewhosaidthattheletter"
"(La)inAllahsSaying,""(LaUqsim[literally:Iswearnot])issuperfluous,asitis
onlyaddedduringspeech,andtheresponsegiventhatthewholeQuranisonecontinuous
speech.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:52)

A : SayingthatthewholeQuranisAllahsSpeech,allofitisreverendandglorified,andallof
itexplainsitselfandprovesitselfisunobjectionable,butthisisnotthecorrectanswer.The
correctanswerthatmustbegivenisthatit( ) isnotsuperfluouswhenthemeaningis
clarified,evenifitcomesatthebeginningofthesentence,asintheSayingofAllah(Exalted
beHe)attheendofSurahAlHadid: [(meaningsofwhicharetranslatedas:)Sothatthepeopleof
theScripture(JewsandChristians)mayknow AndHisSayinginSurahAlAnam:
[(meaningsofwhicharetranslatedas:)Say(OMuhammad):"Come,IwillrecitewhatyourLordhasprohibitedyou
from:JoinnotanythinginworshipwithHim] InadditiontoothersimilarAyahs.Also,theSayingofAllah
(GlorifiedbeHe): [IswearbytheDayofResurrection]. And: [Iswearbythiscity
(Makkah)] ItisusedinthesetwoAyahsandotherssimilartothemtonegatewhattheMushriks
(thosewhoassociateotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)saidjustifyingtheir
attachmenttootherthanAllahandseekingtodrawclosertotheirdeitiesthroughdifferent
formsofIbadah(worship),claimingthattheirdeitieswouldintercedeforthemwithAllah.
AfterthatitisusedbyAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)toconfirmHisOathbytheDayofResurrection
andbytheselfreproachingsoulinthefirstSurah,andbytheSecureCityandwhatfollowsit
inthesecondSurah,andthroughwhatHementionslaterinthetwoSurahs.Therefore,it
couldbesaidthattheletter:""(La)isusedinthemasanopeningwordthatisnotintended
todenyornegateanything.ItisliketheotherseparatedlettersatthebeginningofSurahs,
suchas:""(AlifLamMim),""(AlifLamRa),""(HaMim)andthelike.Thiswasthe
intendedmeaningofwhatwasstatedbyImamIbnJarirandAlHafizhIbnKathir.

3.AsforwhatwasreportedbyAlHafizhUmaribnShabbahin:"TheHistoryofMadinah",fromwhat
Umar(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)hadsaid,thathenoticedonAbdullahibnUmarasmellof
wine.

Thetruthwasthatitwas Ubaydullahandnotthewellknown Abdullah,buthisnamewas


misspelled,aswasprovenby

(PartNo:5,PageNo:53)

othernarrationsthatshowedthathewasUbaydullahAlMusaghar(i.e.,thenameinthediminutiveform)who
wasaTabiy(Follower,thegenerationaftertheCompanionsoftheProphet)andnotaSahaby www.ircpk.com
(CompanionoftheProphet)mayAllahforgiveeveryone!

Assalamualaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh!

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AffirmationoftheactofcominganddescentforAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)

(PartNo:5,PageNo:54)

ThismessageisfromAbdulAzizibnAbdullahibnBaztothehonorablebrother,HisEminenceShaykhS.
K.MayAllahguidehimtowhatpleasesHim.Amen!

A ssalamualaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllahsPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbe
uponyou!)

Ireceivedyourletterinwhichyoumentionthatwhileyouwereverifyingabookentitled,
"Fadai l A lAwqat"(TimesofParticularMerit[forworship])by AlBaihaqi,youreadthefollowing
passage:"IheardAbu AbdullahAlHafizsayingthatheheardAbuMuhammadAhmadibnAbdullahAlMizzy
saying:'TheHadithofthedescendingofAllahwasauthenticallyreportedfromtheMessenger
ofAllah(peacebeuponhim)throughvariousauthenticchainofnarrations.Therearealso
corroboratingtextsthatconfirmthedescendingofAllah,suchasHisstatement, AndyourLord
comeswiththeangelsinrows. Nevertheless,thetwoattributesofcominganddescendinginthesense
ofmovementandtransitionfromapositiontoanotherarenegatedofAllahrathertheyare
twoofAllahsAttributeswithoutTashbih(comparison).MayHebeGlorifiedabovewhateveris
saidbyMuatilah(ThosewhodenyAllahsAttributes)andMushabihah(Thosewholiken
AllahsAttributestothoseofHiscreation).'"

Undoubtedly,thisclaimisBatil(false)andcontradictstheopinionadoptedbyAhlulSunnah
w a lJamaah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody).Allah(Glorifiedbe
He)hasaffirmedforHimselftheattributeofcoming.TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeupon
him)informedofHisdescending,butneitherAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)norHisMessenger(peace
beuponhim)informedusofthemannerofthedescendingorthecoming.Therefore,we
shouldstopatwhattherighteousSalaf(righteouspredecessors,mayAllahbepleasedwith
them)did,fortheydidnotgobeyondwhatismentionedintexts.

WeshouldfollowtheirpathandadheretotheirdoctrineinconfirmingtheAttributeswhich
arestatedintheNobleQuranandtheauthenticSunnahwithoutTakyif(describinghowan
Attributeis).ThistogetherwiththebeliefthatAllahisunique,havingnomatch,peerorequal
(GlorifiedbeHe).Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)states, "Andthereisnonecoequalorcomparable
untoHim."

(PartNo:5,PageNo:55)

and Thereisnothinglike
SoputnotforwardsimilitudesforAllh(asthereisnothingsimilartoHim,norHeresemblesanything).
HimandHeistheAllHearer,theAllSeer. Itisknownthatnegatingtheactofmovementandtransition
involvesdescribinghowAllahsAttributesarewithoutknowledge.Weareprohibitedfrom
goingintothissubjectaswedonotknowthemannerofHisAttributes(GlorifiedbeHe).This
isbecauseneitherAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)norHisProphet(peacebeuponhim)
informedusoftheirmanner.

MayAllahguideyouandustousefulknowledgeandenableustoworkaccordingly!MayHe
helpusremainsteadfastinadheringtotheTruthandprotectusfromdelusivetemptation.He
isAllHearing!

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh!

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RulingoncommemoratingthelifeoftheMessengerontheoccasionofMawlid

(PartNo:5,PageNo:56)

IsitlawfulforMuslimstoholdcelebrationsinMasjids(mosques)toremindthemselvesofthe
Sirah(biography)oftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)onthetwelfthnightofRabiAlAwwal
ontheoccasionoftheMawlid(theProphetsbirthday),withouttakingaholidayonthatday,
asisdoneonEid(thefeasts)?WedifferoverthissomesaythatitisagoodBidah
(innovationinreligion)andotherssaysitisnotagoodBidah.

A : ItisneitherpermissibleforMuslimstocelebrateMawlidonthetwelfthnightofRabiAl
Awwaloratanyothertime,normaytheycelebratethebirthofanyoneelse.Thisisbecause
celebratingbirthdaysisanewBidah,astheProphet(peacebeuponhim)didnotcelebrate
hisbirthdayduringhislifetime,andhewastheonewhoconveyedtheDin(religionofIslam)
andtheShariah(Islamiclaw)fromHisLord(mayHebePraisedandExalted).Hedidnot
orderthatitbecelebrated.HedidnotdothisandneitherdidtheRightlyGuidedCaliphs,the
Sahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet),northeTabiun(Followers,thegenerationafterthe
CompanionsoftheProphet),andtheywerethebestandfavoredgenerationsofIslam.This
actisBidah.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Anyonewhointroducessomethingintothismatterofours
(Islam)thatisnotpartofit,willhaveitrejected. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim)Thereis
alsoanarrationbyMuslim,classedasaHadithMuallaq(aHadithmissinglinkinthechainof
narration,reporteddirectlyfromtheProphet)byAlBukhari,whichheconfirmed: Anyonewho
doesanactionwhichisnotinaccordancewiththismatterofours(Islam),willhaveitrejected.

Indeed,celebratingbirthdaysisnotauthenticatedbytheProphet(peacebeuponhim)itis
aninnovatedactthatpeopleintroducedtotheDin(religionofIslam)inthelatercenturies,
andthereforeitistoberejected.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)usedtosayintheFriday
Khutbah(Sermon): Amabad(toproceed):ThebestofallmattersistheBookofAllah,thebestofguidanceistheguidance
ofMuhammad(peacebeuponhim),themostevilofallmattersarethosewhicharenewlyinvented(inreligion),andeveryBidahisa
Dalalah(deviationfromtheright). (RelatedbyMusliminhis"Sahih[compilationofauthenticHadith]"
andbyAlNasaywithagoodIsnad(chainoftransmitters),whoadded ...andeveryDalalahisinthe
Fire.

RatherthancelebratingthebirthoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)itisbettertoteachhis
SirahandthehistoryofhislifeduringtheJahiliyyah(thepreIslamictimeofignorance)and
Islamintheschools,Masjids,andotherplaces.Andexplainabouttheeventsrelatedtohis
birthanddeath,withoutneedingtoholdcelebrationsthathavenotbeenpermittedbyAllah
orHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)norsubstantiatedbyaShary(Islamiclegal)proof.

AllahistheOneWhosehelpissought.WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tograntallMuslims
guidanceandsuccess,andhelpthemadheretotheSunnahandshunBidah.

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MuchremembranceofAllahgivestranquilityofheartandpeaceofmind

(PartNo:5,PageNo:57)

Q:WhenIwasateenagerIusedtocommitmanysins,butIdidnotabandontheobligations
ofIslamsuchasSalah(Prayer).Now,IamrepentanttoAllahofallsins,butIdonotfeelthe
sweetnessofIman(belief)andliveinworryandconfusion.WhenIrepeattheShahadah
(TestimonyofFaith),Ifeelthatitdoesnotreachmyheart.IamafraidthatAllahhasseta
sealonmyheart(i.e.closedfromacceptingAllahsGuidance).Please,guideme.MayAllah
rewardyouwell!

M.A.KRiyadh

A : WeadviseyoutofrequentlythankAllahforhavingguidedyoutoTawbah(repentanceto
Allah),todolotsofgooddeeds,toexpectgoodfromyourLord,tofillyourtimewithDhikr
(RemembranceofAllah),torecitetheEverGloriousQuranwithcontemplation,tobefriend
therighteousandtostayawayfrombadcompany.Youshouldbehopefulofreceivinggood
andhavingagoodoutcome,andyouwillfeelInshaaAllah(ifAllahwills)afterdoingso
thesweetnessofIman,thedelightinsayingShahadah,andthefruitsofsincereTawbah.Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: verily,intheremembranceofAllhdoheartsfindrest. and: Andallofyoubeg
Allhtoforgiveyouall,Obelievers,thatyoumaybesuccessful TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Islamwipes
outallthathasgonebeforeit(previousmisdeeds). He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: Theonewhorepentsfromsin
islikeonewhohasnotsinned.

AMuslimwhofrequentlymakesDhikrandsincereTawbahwillgainsuccess,peaceofmind
andeaseofconscienceandallpastmisdeedswillbeforgiven.MayAllahholdyousteadfastto
guidanceandgrantyouuprightness!HeisthebestOneaskedforhelp.

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Obligationofenjoininggoodandforbiddingevil

(PartNo:5,PageNo:58)

AllperfectpraisebetoAllahAlonepeaceandblessingsofAllahbeuponHisMessenger,his
family,hisCompanionsandthosewhofollowhisguidance.

ItisoneofthefundamentalandbestactsofworshipthatMuslimsexchangeadvice,guideto
goodnessandenjoinoneanothertotruthandpatience.AMuslimshouldwarnothersagainst
committingviolationsofIslamandwhatdispleasesAllah(mayHebeexalted)ordistances
onefromHisMercy.IimploreAllah(mayHebeglorifiedandexalted)topurifyourheartsand
setarightourdeedsandthatoftheMuslims.IaskHimtoconferonusunderstandingofIslam,
makeussteadfastonit,supportitandmakeitreignsupreme.WeinvokeAllahtocorrectthe
Muslimrulers,guidethemtoallgoodness,guidetheirretinueandhelpthemdowhatisinthe
interestofpeopleandtheirlands.WeaskAllahtoendowthemwithunderstandingofIslam
andenlightentheirheartstorulebyHisShariah(DivineLaw)andbefirmonit.Indeed,Allah
istheOneWhoisCapableofdoingthat.

OMuslims!Enjoyinggoodandforbiddingevilisaveryimportanttopicworthyofattention,
becausewelfareandsalvationoftheUmmah(nationbasedononecreed)lieinitwhereas,
neglectingitcausesgreatdangerandcorruptionanddisappearanceofvirtueandthespread
ofvice.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)clarifiedintheGloriousQuranthegreatstatusof
enjoininggoodandforbiddingevilinIslamtotheextentthatHementioneditpriortoIman
(faith),whichistheveryfoundationofIslam.Forinstance,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: You[true
believersinIslmicMonotheism,andrealfollowersofProphetMuhammad)andhisSunnah]arethebestof
peopleseverraisedupformankindyouenjoinAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmhasordained)andforbidAl
Munkar(polytheism,disbeliefandallthatIslmhasforbidden),andyoubelieveinAllh.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:59)

Thesecretthatwecangraspofthisprecedenceinorderisthegreatnessofthisobligation
andthemajorpublicinterestsresultingfromit.Muslims,particularlyatthepresenttime,are
inbadneedtobeactiveintheobligationofenjoininggoodandforbiddingevilduetothe
prevalenceofsinsandformsofShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)
andBidahs(innovationsinreligion)onearth.

MuslimsatthetimeoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim),hisSahabah(Companionsofthe
Prophet)andtheSalaf(righteouspredecessors)respectedthisobligationandcarrieditoutin
thebestmanner.Certainly,thelatergenerationsdesperatelyneedthisobligationtobe
fulfilledmorethanthefirstonesduetoprevalenceofignorance,lackofknowledgeand
peoplesnegligenceofthismandatorymatter.

Currently,thematterhasbecomemoreseriousanddangeroussinceevil,corruptionand
propagatorsoffalsehoodprevailtoanunbelievableextent,againstthescarcityofcallersto
goodnessinmostcountries.Therefore,Allah(mayHebePraised)orderedandurgedMuslims
toenjoingoodandforbidevil,givingitprecedenceoverImanintheAyah(Quranicverse)
o f A lImarn,whichreads: You[truebelieversinIslmicMonotheism,andrealfollowersofProphetMuhammad
)andhisSunnah]arethebestofpeopleseverraisedupformankind ItmeansthattheUmmahofthe
ProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)isthebestnationintheSightofAllah.Thisfactis
confirmedbyaSahih(authentic)HadithinwhichtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: You
arethefinalofseventyUmmahs,youarethebestandmosthonoredamongthemtoAllah.

ThepastnationsenjoinedgoodandforbadeevilasAllahsentHismessengersandrevealed
HisBookstofulfillthisaim.

TheveryessenceofgoodisTawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah/monotheism)andpure
worshippingofAllahalonewhereas,theveryfoundationofevilisShirkandworshipping
othersbesidesorinsteadofAllah.

AlltheMessengersofAllahweresenttocallpeopletobelieveintheOnenessofAllah,which
isthehighestpeakofgood,andtoforbidthemfromassociatingotherswithAllah,whichis
theworstofevil.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:60)

WhentheChildrenofIsraelabandonedthisduty,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saidabout
them: ThoseamongtheChildrenofIsraelwhodisbelievedwerecursedbythetongueofDwd(David)andIs(Jesus),sonof
Maryam(Mary).Thatwasbecausetheydisobeyed(AllhandtheMessengers)andwereevertransgressingbeyondbounds. The
natureoftheirdisobedienceisclearlyexplainedinthefollowingAyah,whichsays: Theyusednot www.ircpk.com
toforbidoneanotherfromAlMunkar(wrong,evildoing,sins,polytheism,disbelief)whichtheycommitted.Vileindeedwaswhatthey
usedtodo. Thus,theirrefrainingfromforbiddingoneanotherfromevilwasregardedastheir
worstdisobedienceandtransgression,asexplainedintheAyahsaying: Thatwasbecausethey
disobeyed(AllhandtheMessengers)andwereevertransgressingbeyondbounds. TheyusednottoforbidoneanotherfromAl
Munkar(wrong,evildoing,sins,polytheism,disbelief)whichtheycommitted. Thisisbecauseofthegreatdanger
thatensuesfromneglectingthisobligation.

Ontheotherhand,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)praisedapartyoftheminthisrespect.
Allah(mayHebePraised)saysinSurah(Quranicchapter)AlImran: apartyofthepeopleofthe
Scripturestandfortheright,theyrecitetheVersesofAllhduringthehoursofthenight,prostratingthemselvesinprayer. They
believeinAllhandtheLastDaytheyenjoinAlMarf(IslmicMonotheism,andfollowingProphetMuhammad)
andforbidAlMunkar(polytheism,disbeliefandopposingProphetMuhammad)andtheyhastenin(all)good
worksandtheyareamongtherighteous. Andwhatevergoodtheydo,nothingwillberejectedofthemforAllhknowswellthose
ThisisagroupfromthePeopleoftheBook(Jewsand
whoareAlMuttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2).
Christians)whodidnotsufferthefateofthosewhodidnotenjoingoodorforbidevil.
Therefore,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)praisedthemforthatact.InanotherAyahinSurahAl
Tawbah,Allah(mayHebePraised)mentionedtheobligationofenjoininggoodandforbidding
evilbeforeestablishingSalah(Prayer)andpayingZakah(obligatorycharity).Thisorder
showsthegreatstatusofthismatter.

Thoughtheactofenjoininggoodandforbiddingevilisacollectiveobligation,Allah
mentioneditbeforetheperformanceofSalahandthepaymentofZakahinthefollowingAyah
whichsays: Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin
(onthepeople)AlM a rf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.
polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslmhasforbidden)theyperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),andgivetheZakt,
andobeyAllhandHisMessenger.AllhwillhaveHisMercyonthem.SurelyAllhisAllMighty,AllWise.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:61)

TheorderofenjoininggoodandforbiddingevilcomesbeforetheordertoperformSalah,
whichisthemainfoundationofIslamanditsgreatestpillarsecondtothetwoShahadahs
(TestimoniesofFaith).So,whydoyouthinkthisobligationismentionedfirst?

Indeed,thisobligationismentionedfirsttoillustratethedireneedandnecessitytofulfillit,
becausebyachievingthisduty,theaffairsoftheUmmahwillbesetaright.Thisalsohelps
goodnessprevail,virtuesappearandvicesdisappearintheUmmah.ItencouragesMuslimsto
cooperateingoodness,adviseoneanother,fightintheCauseofAllah,doallgooddeedsand
keepawayfromeveryevildeed.WhenMuslimsstopenjoininggoodandforbiddingevil,
devastatingdisastersbefall,evilactsspread,theUmmahdisunitesandheartsbecome
hardenedordead.Neglectofthisobligationcausesvicetoappearandprevailandvirtuesto
disappear.Moreover,thepeoplesrightswillbelostandtheadvocatesoffalsehoodwill
dominate.Anyland,wheretheobligationofenjoininggoodandforbiddingevilisabsent,will
experiencethespreadofvicesandthepredominanceofevilandcorruption.Thereisneither
mightnorpowerexceptwithAllah!

Allah(mayHebePraised)statedthatthosewhoenjoingood,forbidevil,establishSalah,pay
ZakahandobeyAllahandHisMessengerarethepeoplewhodeservemercy.Allah(Exaltedbe
He)says: AllhwillhaveHisMercyonthem. ThisshowsthatmanobtainstheMercyofAllahbyobeying
HimandfollowingHisShariah,particularlyintheissuepertainingtoenjoininggoodand
forbiddingevil.AllahsMercyisnotattainablethroughmerewishes,orahighfamily
background,suchasbeingfromQuraysho rBanuHashimorwhatsoever,oraccordingtoones
position,suchasbeingaking,orapresidentoraministeroranygoodpost.Also,mancannot
winAllahsMercybymoneyortradeorbyalargenumberoffactoriesoneownsoranythingof
worldlyadvantagesMercyofAllahcanbeattainedbyobeyingAllahandHisMessenger

(PartNo:5,PageNo:62)

andfollowingHisShariah.

Enjoininggood,forbiddingevil,establishingSalah,payingZakahandobeyingAllahandHis
MessengerineveryorderconstitutethemajorcreditsthatqualifymantotastetheMercyof
Allah.ThosewhodotheseactsaretheoneswhotrulyhopeforAllahsMercy,andfearand
venerateHim.HowunjustarethosewhodisobeyAllahsOrdersandcommitsHisProhibitions
eveniftheyclaimthattheyfearAllahandhopeforHisMercy.Thepersonwhotrulyreveres
Allah,fearsHimandhopesforHisMercyistheonewhocarriesoutHisOrders,followsHis
Shariah,fightsinHisCause,enjoinsgoodandforbidsevil.

Allah(mayHebePraised)saysinSurahAlBaqarah: Verily,thosewhohavebelieved,andthosewhohave
emigrated(forAllhsReligion)andhavestrivenhardintheWayofAllh,allthesehopeforAllhsMercy. Allah(mayHebe
Praised)madethemworthyofhopingforHisMercywhentheybelievedinHim,strovehard
andemigratedoutoffaith.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)didnotsaythatthosewhoconstructed
palaces,augmentedtheirtrade,hadvariousjobsorenjoyedhighfamilybackgroundarethe
oneswhocanhopeforHisMercy.Instead,Allah(mayHebePraised)says: Verily,thosewhohave
believed,andthosewhohaveemigrated(forAllhsReligion)andhavestrivenhardintheWayofAllh,allthesehopeforAllhs
Mercy.AndAllhisOftForgiving,MostMerciful.
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Hence,hopeforAllahsMercyandfearfrompunishmentdevelopsfromobeyingAllahandHis
Messengerthatincludesenjoininggoodandforbiddingevil.

InanotherAyah,Allah(mayHebePraised)madesuccessexclusivetotheDuah(callers)to
goodnessandthosewhoenjoinrightdoingandforbidwrongdoing.Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)says: Letthereariseoutofyouagroupofpeopleinvitingtoallthatisgood(Islm),enjoiningAlMarf(i.e.
IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo)andforbiddingAlMunkar(polytheismanddisbeliefandallthatIslmhas
forbidden).Anditistheywhoarethesuccessful. Allah(mayHebePraised)indicatedthatpeoplewho
possessthequalitiesofcallingtogoodness,enjoininggoodandforbiddingevilarethe
successfulones.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:63)

Thismeansthatsuchpeoplearetheperfectlysuccessfulones,althoughotherbelieversare
successfultoalesserdegreeiftheyleavedoingsomeofthesequalitiesforaSharyexcuse,
theperfectlysuccessfulpersonsarethosewhocalltogoodness,enjoinitandpracticeitas
wellasforbidevilandavoidit.

However,peoplewhoenjoingoodandforbidevilforotherpurposes:suchasRiya(doinggood
deedsforshow),reputation,seekingworldlygainsorthelike,orrefrainfromdoinggoodand
commitevilthosearethewickedestpeopleforwhomwillbetheworstend.

IntheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim),itwasnarratedon
theauthorityofUsamahibnZayd(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thattheProphet(peacebeupon
him)said: AmanwillbebroughtontheDayofResurrectionandthrownintotheFirehisintestineswillspillforthandhewillgo
aroundthemasadonkeygoesaroundthemillstone.TheinmatesofHellwillgatheraroundhimandwillsay,OSoandso,what
happenedtoyou?Didyounotusetoenjoinwhatisgoodandforbidwhatisevil?Hewillsay,Yes,butIusedtoenjoingoodandnot
doit,andIusedtoforbidevilanddoit.

ThisisthestateofthosewhodonotpracticewhattheypreachmayAllahsaveusfromthat.
TheywillbethefirsttobethrownintoHellandtheirevilwillbedisclosedtoallpeople.The
inmatesofHellwillwatchthemandwonderwhytheyarecastintoHell.

Additionally,theywillrevolveinHelllikeadonkeyrevolvesaroundamillstoneandtheir
intestineswillthenpourforthandbedrawnbehindthembecausetheyusedtoenjoingood
butdidnotpracticeitandtheyusedtoforbidevilbutcommittedit.Therefore,aMuslim
shouldenjoingoodandpracticeitandforbidwrongandavoidit.

EveryMuslimmustabidebythisgreatobligationthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)detailedclearlyin
theQuran,encourageddoingandwarnedagainstneglectingitandcursedtheonewho
renouncedit.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:64)

Muslimsmustrespect,practiceandabidebythisobligationasanactofobediencetoAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)andincompliancetoHisOrdersinordertokeepawayfromHis
Punishment(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).

TheSunnahoftheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)supportsthismatterandexplains
itsoclearly.InaSahihHadith,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Anyoneofyouwhosees
somethingevil,letthemrectifyitwiththeirhand(bytakingaction)iftheycannot,thenwiththeirtongue(byspeakingout)andifthey
cannot,thenwiththeirheart(byhatingitandfeelingthatitiswrong)andthatistheweakestofIman(belief). (Relatedby
ImamMusliminhisSahih[AuthenticHadithBook])

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)clarifiedthethreestagesofenjoininggoodandforbidding
evil:

Thefirststage:forbiddingevilwiththehandofacapablepersonbyemptyingthevatsof
Khamr(intoxicants),destroyinginstrumentsofentertainment,stoppingmanfrominflicting
eviloroppressiononpeople.Sultansorotherablepeopleinauthoritycandothat.Theycan
obligepeopletoperformSalahandcarryouttheordersandobligationsenjoinedbyAllah
(ExaltedbeHe).

Abelievershouldplaythisrolewithhiswifeandchildrenbyenjoiningthemtoobservethe
OrdersofAllahandforbiddingthemtocommitHisProhibitionswithhishandiftalkingisnot
effective.

Everymaninauthority,beinganemir,atreasurer,achiefofatribeoranyoneappointedby
theMuslimrulerorhispeopleintheabsenceofthepublicrulership,mayexecutethis
obligationaccordingtohisowncapacity.Ifhecouldnot,then,hemovesto:

Thesecondstage:enjoininggoodandforbiddingevilwithonestongue,suchassaying:O
peoplefearAllah!ObrothersperformSalah,payZakah,stopdoingthisevilpractice,you
betterdothisinstead,avoidAllahsProhibitions,bedutifultoparentsandmaintainkinship
tiesandsoon.Inthisstage,aMuslimenjoinsgoodandforbidsevilwithonestongue.The
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Muslimadmonishesandremindspeople,andlookintothethingswhichtheydosothatthe
wrongcanbeadvisedagainst.However,peopleshouldbedealtwithinagoodandkindway.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:65)

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Allahloveskindnessinallmatters. He(peacebeuponhim)


said: Kindnessneverexistsinathingwithoutadoringit,andisnevertakenawayfromathingwithoutmarringit.

AgroupofJewsenteredtotheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)andsaid,AsSamuAlaykum.(Maydeathbeuponyou)
[theysaidAsSaminsteadofAsSalamandAsSammeansdeath]).Aishahsaid,Iunderstoodthem,andsaid,Waalaykumas
samuwall a nah(anduponyoubedeathandcurses).ButtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said,Wait,OAishah,for
Allahloveskindnessinallmatters.Isaid,OMessengerofAllah,didyounothearwhattheysaid?TheMessengerofAllah(peacebe
uponhim)said, Isaid, W a alaykum(andalsouponyou). TheywereJews,buttheProphet(peacebeupon
him)treatedthemkindlyhopingthattheywouldbeguided,followthetruthandrespondto
thecalltofaith.

AMuslimwhosuccessfullyenjoinsgoodandforbidseviltriestheirbesttobekindanduses
kindwordswhentheypassbyanonobservantpersoninagathering,onthestreetor
anywhere.Theyshouldcallthemkindlyandusekindwordseveniftheyarguedwiththem
overamattertheydonotknoworhaughtilydeny,theyshouldarguewiththeminthebest
way.Allah(mayHebePraised)says: Invite(mankind,OMuhammad)totheWayofyourLord
(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewiththeminawaythatis
better. Allah(mayHebePraised)alsosays: AndarguenotwiththepeopleoftheScripture(JewsandChristians),
unlessitbein(away)thatisbetter(withgoodwordsandingoodmanner,invitingthemtoIslmicMonotheismwithHisVerses)

ThePeopleoftheBookrefertotheJewsandChristians,whoaredisbelieversyet,Allah(Exaltedbe
He)saysaboutthem: AndarguenotwiththepeopleoftheScripture(JewsandChristians),unlessitbein(away)thatis
better(withgoodwordsandingoodmanner,invitingthemtoIslmicMonotheismwithHisVerses),exceptwithsuchofthemasdo
w r o n g Itmeansthatthosewhodowrongamongthem,transgressorinsult,shouldbe
encounteredwitharemedyotherthanargumentinagoodway.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:66)

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Therecompenseforanevilisanevillikethereof He(mayHebePraised)says:


Thenwhoevertransgressestheprohibitionagainstyou,youtransgresslikewiseagainsthim.

Arguingshouldhappeninthebestwaysolongasitisacontextoflearning,callingto
goodnessandexplainingthetruth.Thisismoreconducivetogoodresults.SufyanAlThawry(may
Allahbemercifulwithhim)said:Theoneenjoininggoodorforbiddingevilmustbekindin
enjoininggood,kindinforbiddingeviljustinenjoininggood,justinforbiddingevil
knowledgeableofthegoodthattheyareenjoiningandknowledgeableoftheevilthatthey
areforbidding.

ThisistheimportoftheinstructionofSalaf(righteouspredecessors)(mayAllahbemerciful
tothem)thatapersoninthisrespectshouldtrytoadoptkindnessalongwithhaving
knowledge,forbearanceanddeepinsight.Therefore,oneshouldnotenjoinorforbidanything
exceptwithkindness,beingthefirsttopracticewhattheypreached,sothatpeoplefollow
theirexample.

InSahihMuslim,itwasnarratedontheauthorityofAbdullahibnMasud(mayAllahbepleasedwith
him)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: ThereisnotaprophetwhomAllahsenttoanationbeforeme
whodidnothavedisciplesandcompanionsfromhisnation,whofollowhisSunnah(way)andobeyhiscommands.Thentheyare
followedbylatergenerationswhosaywhattheydonotdo,anddowhattheyarenotcommandedtodo.Anyonewhostrivesagainst
themwithhishandisabeliever.Anyonewhostrivesagainstthemwithhistongueisabeliever.Anyonewhostrivesagainstwithhis
heartisabeliever.Thereisno(degreeof)Imanbeyond(lowerthan)this,eventotheweightofamustardseed.

ThisHadithconveysthesamemeaningoftheHadithnarratedbyAbuSaidthatliststhestages
offorbiddingevil,namely,withoneshand,then,withthetongue,then,withtheheart.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:67)

Thisisthewaythatshouldbefollowedwiththegenerationssucceedingtheprophets.They
shouldbeenjoinedtodogood,forbiddenfromdoingevil,andtaughttheLawsofAllahandbe
strivenwithtofulfillthatbythehand,then,bythentongue,then,bytheheart.

ThisisalsothewaywiththeUmmahoftheProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)its
scholars,rulers,chiefsandjuristsmustcommitthemselvestolookafterthepeoplethrough
callingthemtoAllah,enjoininggood,forbiddingevil,teachingtheignorant,guidingthestray,
implementingHudud(ordainedpunishmentsforviolatingAllahsLaw)andShariahbased
T azir(discretionarypunishment)tillpeoplefollowtherightpathandadheretothetruth.
TheyshouldcarryouttheHududandpreventpeoplefromcommittingwhatAllah(Exaltedbe
He)prohibitedsothatnooneoppressestheotherorviolatestheProhibitionsofAllahsLaw.

TheRightlyGuidedCaliph Uthmanibn Affan(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)isauthentically


reportedtohavesaid:"AllahcurbsthroughtherulerwhatHedoesnotcurbthroughthe
Quran."ThiswasalsonarratedontheauthorityofUmar(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim). www.ircpk.com
Themeaningofthisreportiscorrect.ManypeopledonotheedtheCommandsofAllahevenif
youprovidedthemwithallrelevantAyahs(Quranicverses)butwhentherulerthreatens
themwithbeatingorjailorthelike,theysubmitandgivesuptheirfalsehood.Thatisbecause
theirheartsarenotsoundandtheyhaveweakImanorevenlackitsothattheAyahsor
Hadithsdonotaffectthem.Theydesistonlywhentheyfeartherulertherefore,deterrence
throughtherulerisofgreatsignificance.Forthatreason,AllahordainedQisas(just
retaliation),HududandTazirforHisslavesbecausetheydeteronefromfalsehoodandall
formsofoppression.KnowingthatAllahestablishesthetruththroughthesedeterrents,itis
obligatoryontheMuslimrulerstocarrythemout,assistthosewhocarrythemout,observe
people,obligethemtoholdtothetruthandrestrainthemfromgoingbeyondtheirboundsso
asnottodestroythemselvesandbecarriedawaybyfalsebeliefsandbecomeSatanshelpers
orsoldiersagainstus.

WhenaMuslimisunabletoforbidevilwiththehandortongue,theheartwillbethelasttool.
Inotherwords,theyshouldabhortheevilwithintheheartandavoidthecompanyofthose
whodoevil.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:68)

ItwasreportedontheauthorityofAbdullahibnMasud(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thatone
daysomepeoplesaidtohim,Weshallberuinedifwedonotenjoingoodandforbidevil.Ibn
Masudreplied,Youshallberuinedifyourheartsdonotrecognizegoodandcondemnevil.

AMuslimshouldrecognizethegoodandevilbyacquiringknowledgeandunderstandingthe
teachingsofIslam,then,undertaketheobligationofenjoininggoodandforbiddingevil.
KnowingandunderstandingtheteachingsofIslamconstituteasignofwellbeingandthat
Allahwantstodothemgood.ItwasrelatedintheTwoSahihBooksofHadithontheauthority
o f M u awiyah(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thattheProphet(maypeacebeupon)said:
WhomeverAllahwillsgoodfor,Hegrantshimunderstandingofthereligion.

WhenaMuslimattendsthecirclesofknowledgeandasksaboutitinanattempttodeeply
comprehendit,thismarksthatAllahwantstodogoodtothem.Theyshouldkeepfirminthat
pathandnevergetwearyorweak.InaSahihHadith,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said:
Anyonewhotravelsapathseekingknowledge,AllahwillmakeeasyforhimapathtoParadise. (RelatedbyImam
MusliminhisSahih[AuthenticHadithBook])

SeekingknowledgehasagreatstatusandisrankedunderJihad(striving)intheWayofAllah.
Moreover,itisoneofthemeansofsalvationandsignsofgoodness.AMuslimmayachievethis
matterbyattendingthegatheringsofknowledge,readingusefulbooksthatcouldbeeasily
understood,listeningtoKhutbahs(sermons)andpiecesofadmonitionandenquiringscholars
allthesemethodsareuseful.SeekingknowledgeisalsothroughmemorizingtheNoble
Quran,whichisthebasisandcoreofknowledge.Itistheheadofknowledgeandthesupreme
foundationandtheStrongRopeofAllah.ItisthegreatestandnoblestBook,theprefect
guidetogoodnessandthemosteffectivedeterrentagainstevil.

Myadvicetoeverybeliever,maleorfemale,istoattendtotheQuran,reciteitoftenandbe
keentomemorizeitentirelyoratleastpartially,takinggoodcaretoreflectonand
understanditscontentsthatcarryguidanceandlighttoallhumanity.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:69)

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Verily,thisQurnguidestothatwhichismostjustandright He(ExaltedbeHe)


says: AndthisisablessedBook(theQurn)whichWehavesentdown,sofollowitandfearAllh(i.e.donotdisobeyHisOrders),
thatyoumayreceivemercy(i.e.besavedfromthetormentofHell). Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Dotheynotthenthink
deeplyintheQurn,oraretheirheartslockedup(fromunderstandingit)?

WeshouldcarefullyrecitetheBookofAllah,memorizeit,reflectonit,understandit,actupon
itandaskaboutthepartswhichmaybedifficulttounderstand.Alongthoselines,duecare
shouldbegiventotheSunnahoftheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)whichisconsideredthe
secondrevelation.TheSunnahisthesecondsourceofIslamthatexplainsandtestifiestothe
Quran.TheseekerofknowledgeaswellaseveryMuslimshouldcareabouttheSunnah
accordingtotheirowncapacityandknowledgebymemorizingandreadingpartsofit,suchas
memorizingtheFortyHadithsofImamAlNawawyanditssupplementbyIbnRajabwho
completedthemuptofiftyHadiths,whichareaselectionofthemostcomprehensiveand
beneficialHadiths.TheseHadithsareJawamiAlKalim(themostconciseexpressionscarrying
thewidestmeanings),andeveryMuslimshouldmemorizethem.Also,UmdatAlHadith,a
bookcompiledbyAlHafidhAbdulGhanyAlMaqdisy.Itisagreatbookinwhichtheauthorcompiled
aboutfourhundredHadithsfromthemostauthenticHadithsonthevarioussubjectsofIslam.
ItisagreatbountyfromAllahthataMuslimmemorizesthem.

BulughAlMarambyAlHafidhIbnHajarisagreatbook,concisebutfruitful,whichisalsoagreat
assetfortheMuslimwhomemorizesit.

InthesubjectofAqidah(creed),therearetwograndbookswrittenbyImam MuhammadAbdul www.ircpk.com


Wahhab(mayAllahbemercifultohim),namely,KitabAlTawhidandKashfAlShubuhat.

ThebasicbooksrelatedtoAqidahalsoincludeAlAqidahAlWasitiyyahbyShaykhAlIslam
IbnTaymiyyah.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:70)

ItisanimportantconcisebookofgreatbenefitthatsummarizesthecreedofAhlulSunnah
w a lJamaah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody).Also,thebookofAl
Iman(Faith)byShaykhAlIslamMuhammadibn AbdulWahhab,whichisaveryusefulbookthat
containsacollectionofHadithsrelevanttoIman.Seekersofknowledge,malesandfemales,
shouldmemorizewhatevertheycanfromtheseusefulbooksalongwithrecitingtheQuran
andcommittingitentirelyorpartiallytomemory.Theymaystudyinpairsandaskgood
teachersandscholarsaboutmattersthatlookambiguoustothem.Aseekerofknowledge
shouldseekguidanceandsupportfromAllahandnotbecomeweakorlazy.Theyshould
managetheirtimeanddivideitintoparts:apartforrecitingandreflectingupontheQuran
anotherpartforseekingknowledge,understandingthereligion,memorizingtheMatns(texts
ofHadith)andaskingaboutthingsthataredifficulttounderstandathirdforfulfillingtheir
socialneedsandafourthpartforofferingSalah,actsofworshipandthedifferentformsof
Dhikr(RemembranceofAllah)andDua(supplication).

NurA l a A lDarbisaveryusefulprogramforseekersofknowledgeandthecommonMuslims,
becauseitpresentsveryimportantquestionsansweredbyagroupofscholarsknownfortheir
uprightnessandsoundknowledge.Tobenefitfromthisprogram,itisbroadcasttwiceaday
onetimebetweenMaghrib(sunset)andIsha(night)Prayersandanothertimeat09:30p.m.
attheHolyQurvanRadioStation.

TherearemanyHadithrelatedwithregardtotheissueofenjoininggoodandforbiddingevil.
Forinstance,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidthatAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
says: EnjoingoodandforbidevilbeforeyousupplicatetoMebutIwillnotansweryou,andbeforeyouaskMebutIwillnotgive
you,andbeforeyouturntoMeforhelpbutIwillnothelpyou.

InanothernarrationreportedontheauthorityofHudhayfah,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)
said: ByHiminWhoseHandismysoul!Youwillenjoinrighteousnessandforbidevil,orelseAllahisabouttosendapunishment
onyoufromHim.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:71)

Then,youwillsupplicatetoHim,butHewillnotansweryoursupplication. (RelatedbyImamAhmad)

Thetaskofenjoininggoodandforbiddingevilispivotal,asstatedabove.InaHadithnarratedontheauthorityofIbnMasudby
Ahmad,AbuDawudandAlTirmithy,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: WhentheChildrenofIsraelfellintosins,theirreligious
scholarsforbadethem,yettheydidnotdesistthenthey(i.e.,thescholars)satwiththemintheirassemblies,atewiththemand
drankwiththem,soAllahcausedtheheartsofsometobetaintedbytheothersandcursedthem:bythetongueofDawud(David)
and Isa(Jesus),sonofMaryam(Mary). Thatwasbecausetheydisobeyedandusedtotransgressthebounds(intheirdisobedience
toAllh,i.e.commitcrimesandsins). Inanothernarration,itreads: ThefirstfailingtobeginamongtheChildrenofIsraelwas
thatamanwouldmeetanothermanandsay,Osoandso!FearAllahandabstainfromwhatyouaredoing.Itisnotlawfulforyou.
Thenhewouldmeethimagainthenextdaybutthis(thesinhesawhimdoing)wouldnotpreventhimfromeating,drinkingand
sittingwithhim.Whentheydidthis,Allahcausedtheheartsofsometobetaintedbytheothers.

Therefore,weshouldbewarelestwesufferafatesimilartothatofthosepeople,particularlytherearesomeHadithsstatingthat
neglectoftheobligationofenjoininggoodandforbiddingevilpreventsansweringsupplicationsandachievingvictory.

Indeed,itisagreatcatastrophe.PartofthepunishmentforneglectingthisobligationincludesthedefeatanddisunityoftheMuslims,
theirenemiescontroloverthemandunacceptanceoftheirsupplicationsAllahforbid.

EnjoininggoodandforbiddingevilmaybecomeanindividualobligationontheMuslimwhoseesanevilandthereisnobodyelseto
removeit.Inthiscase,theymustremovetheevilonconditionthattheyareableto.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Anyone
ofyouwhoseessomethingevil,letthemrectifyitwiththeirhand(bytakingaction)iftheycannot,thenwiththeirtongue(by
speakingout)

(PartNo:5,PageNo:72)

andiftheycannot,thenwiththeirheart(byhatingitandfeelingthatitiswrong)andthatistheweakestofIman(faith). (Related
byMusliminhisSahih[AuthenticHadithBook])

Iftheyareagroupofpeople,itbecomesacollectiveobligationontheminthelocalityorvillageorthetribetheylivein.Ifoneofthem
rectifytheevil,itwillbeenoughandthatpersonwillberewardedbutifallofthemleavethisduty,theywillallincursinasisthecase
withtherestofthecollectiveobligations.Supposingthatthereisonlyonescholarlivinginaparticularcountryortribe,itbecomesan
individualobligationonhimtoteachpeople,callthemtoAllah,enjointhemtodogoodandforbidthemfromdoingevilasmuchashe
can,asstatedintheHadithsmentionedaboveandsupportedbyAllahssaying: SokeepyourdutytoAllhandfearHimasmuchas
youcan

Scholars,callerstoAllahandthosewhoenjoingoodandforbidevil,whomAllahguidedtobepatient,andbehopefulforAllahs
rewardandbesinceretoHimarethepeopleofsuccessandguidancethroughwhomAllahbenefitsHisslaves.Allah(mayHebe
Praised)says: AndwhosoeverfearsAllhandkeepshisdutytoHim,Hewillmakeawayforhimtogetout(fromeverydifficulty).
AndHewillprovidehimfrom(sources)henevercouldimagine. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: andwhosoeverfearsAllhand
keepshisdutytoHim,Hewillmakehismattereasyforhim. He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Oyouwhobelieve!Ifyouhelp
(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,andmakeyourfootholdfirm. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: ByAlAsr(thetime). Verily,
www.ircpk.com
manisinloss, Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommendoneanothertothe
truth[i.e.orderoneanothertoperformallkindsofgooddeeds(AlMaruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfromallkindsofsins
andevildeeds(AlMunkarwhichAllhhasforbidden],andrecommendoneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,andinjuries
whichonemayencounterinAllhsCauseduringpreachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd).

Therefore,thesuccessfulpeopleintheworldlylifeandtheHereafterarethosewhohavefaith,dorighteousdeeds,

(PartNo:5,PageNo:73)

enjoinoneanothertotruthandenjoinoneanothertopatience.

Itisclearthatenjoininggood,forbiddingevilandenjoiningoneanothertotruthandpatiencefallunderthebranchesofTaqwa
(fearingAllahasHeshouldbefeared),butAllah(mayHebePraised)mentioneditseparatelytofurtherclarifyitandencourage
peopletodoit.

Allinall,whoeverenjoinsgood,forbidsevilandpatientlycallstoAllahanddiedinthatstatewillhavepossessedthegreatqualitiesof
thosewhoattainedthefullrewardandeternalbliss.

AMuslimisencouragedtoobservethesegoodqualities,asAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says: HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw
(virtue,righteousnessandpiety)butdonothelponeanotherinsinandtransgression.AndfearAllh.Verily,AllhisSeverein
punishment.

IimploreAllah,withHisMostBeautifulNamesandAttributes,toguideusandallMuslimstothebeneficialknowledgeandrighteous
deeds.IaskHimtograntusdeepunderstandingofIslam,makeusfirminitandhelpusundertaketheobligationofenjoininggood
andforbiddingevilaccordingtoourowncapacitiesandcapabilities.WeimploreAllahtoguidetheMuslimrulersandeveryconcerned
Muslimtopatientlycarrythisobligationinthebestmanner.MayAllahhelpeveryMuslimfulfillHisdutiesandadvisepeopleforHis
Sake.HeistheMostGenerous.MayAllahspeaceandblessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,Companionsandthose
whofollowedtheminthebestway.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:74)

Importantquestionsandanswersconcerningenjoininggoodandforbiddingevil

Q1:Iheardthatsomescholarsconsiderenjoininggoodandforbiddingevilasoneofthe
PillarsofIslam.Isthistrue?

A : Yes,somescholarsareofthisview.Although,nocleartextconcerningthismatterisstated,itconstitutes
oneofthemajorobligationsinIslam.

ThePillarsofIslamspecifiedbyProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)arefive.He(peacebeuponhim)
stated, Islamisbuiltonfive(Pillars):thetestimonythatthereisnogodexceptAllahandthatMuhammadistheMessengerof
AllahestablishingSalah(prayers)payingZakah(obligatorycharity)fastingRamadanandHajj(pilgrimage)totheHouse(the
Kabah). (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim)

Thus,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)pointedoutthepillarsandfundamentalsofIslam.Itis
impermissibletoaddanadditionalpillar,unlessthereisvalidtextualevidence.However,enjoininggoodand
forbiddingevilisoneofthefundamentalsandobligationsinIslam,butitmustnotbestatedasthesixth
pillarduetothelackoftheevidence.

Similarly,Jihad(fighting/strivingintheCauseofAllah)aswellasabstentionfromHaram(forbidden)things
arefundamentalsoffaith,buttheymustnotbestatedastwoofthePillarsofIslamduetothelackofthe
evidence.

ItshouldbenotedthatwemustabidebyeverythingthatAllahhasenjoinedandavoideverythingthatAllah
hasforbidden.

www.ircpk.com

Q2:HowdoesoneforbidMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclaw
andMuslimsofsoundintellect)bytheheart?

A : ItistohatetheMunkarandnottoaccompanyitsdoersforsittingwiththemwithoutrenouncementisto
actliketheChildrenofIsrael,whomAllahcursedinHisStatement(GlorifiedbeHe):

(PartNo:5,PageNo:75)

ThoseamongtheChildrenofIsraelwhodisbelievedwerecursedbythetongueofDwd(David)andIs(Jesus),sonofMaryam
(Mary).Thatwasbecausetheydisobeyed(AllhandtheMessengers)andwereevertransgressingbeyondbounds. Theyusednot
toforbidoneanotherfromAlMunkar(wrong,evildoing,sins,polytheism,disbelief)whichtheycommitted.Vileindeedwaswhatthey
usedtodo.

www.ircpk.com

Q3:WeseemanyyouthenthusiasticforresistingMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableor
disapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)buttheydonotittheproper
way.Whatisyouradvicetosuchyouth?WhatisthebestwaytodenounceMunkar?

A : IadvicethemtolearnfirstinordertobequitesurewhetheramatterisMaruf(thatwhichisjudgedas
good,beneficial,orfittingbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)orMunkarthroughtheShary
(Islamiclegal)proofs,sothatwhentheyraisethereobjections,itisdonewithinsight.Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)states: Say(OMuhammad):"ThisismywayIinviteuntoAllh(i.e.totheOnenessofAllh
IslmicMonotheism)withsureknowledge,Iandwhosoeverfollowsme(alsomustinviteotherstoAllhi.e.totheOnenessofAllh
IslmicMonotheismwithsureknowledge).AndGlorifiedandExaltedbeAllh(aboveallthattheyassociateaspartnerswithHim).And
IamnotoftheMushrikn(polytheists,pagans,idolatersanddisbelieversintheOnenessofAllhthosewhoworshipothersalong
withAllhorsetuprivalsorpartnerstoAllh)."

IadvicethemtoresistMunkarwithleniencyandkindness,sothattheirapproachwillbeacceptedandtobe
doingmoregoodthanevil.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)states: Invite(mankind,OMuhammad
)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andargue
withtheminawaythatisbetter. and: AndbytheMercyofAllh,youdealtwiththemgently.Andhadyoubeensevereandharsh
hearted,theywouldhavebrokenawayfromaboutyou TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated: Whoeverisdeprivedof
kindnessisdeprivedofallgood. also: Kindnessdoesnotbecomeapartofanythingwithoutadorningit,andisnotwithdrawn
fromanythingwithoutmarringit. TherearesomanySahih(authentic)Hadithtothesameeffect.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:76)

TheDa y(caller)toAllah,theenjoinerofMarufandtheforbidderofMunkarshouldbethefirsttopractice
whattheypreach,andthefirsttoabstainfromwhattheyorderpeopletoavoid.Thus,theywillnotbelike
thosewhomAllahdispraises,saying: EnjoinyouAlBirr(pietyandrighteousnessandeachandeveryactofobedienceto
Allh)onthepeopleandyouforget(topractiseit)yourselves,whileyourecitetheScripture[theTaurt(Torah)]!Haveyouthenno
sense? and: Oyouwhobelieve!Whydoyousaythatwhichyoudonotdo?

Theseyouthmustbehaveaccordinglysothatpeoplewillfollowtheirgoodexampleandbenefitfromtheir
wordsanddeeds.MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

Q4:Asyouknow,mostofthematerialbroadcastbythemassmediasuchastelevision
involvesFisq(flagrantviolationofIslamiclaw),impudenceandutterevil.DoestheShary
(Islamiclegal)rule(Wardingoffevilisgivenpriorityoverachievingbenefits)applyhere?I
appreciateyourguidance.MayAllahguideyou!

A : Thisisagreatrulewhichwillcontinuetobeworkedon:(wardingoffevilisgivenpriorityoverachieving
benefits)accordingtowhichrulers,scholars,prominentpersonalitiesandordinarypeopleshouldadvise
thoseinchargeofthemassmedia.Thepublicshouldadviseoneanotherandbewareoftheconsequences
thatmaybefallthemfromthatintheircountryorinotherplaces.

PeopleshouldavoiddoingorlisteningtoMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamic
lawandMuslimsofsoundintellect).TheyshouldbecontentwithAlHaqq(theTruth)andlendtheirearsto
itsvoice.Thesameappliestonewspaperpeopleshouldreadthosepublishinggoodandavoidtheevil.A
M umin(believer)shouldbeselectiveandshouldnotbelikethecollectoroffirewoodatnightwhotakesthe
serpentalongwithwood.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:77)

Thus,audioandvisualmassmediashouldbeselectedtotakewhatisgoodandavoidwhatisevil.Scholars
alongwithrulersare,thankstoAllah,continuingtoprovideadviceandguidance.WeaskAllah(Exaltedbe
He)tohelpusbenefitfromthemandtoguiderulerstowhatisgoodfortheircountriesandpeoples.Heis
thebestOnetobesoughtforhelp.

www.ircpk.com

Q5:YousurelyknowthesignificantcontributionofIslamicrecordingsinguidingpeople
duringourpresenttime.Yet,someevildoersattempttotarnishthereputationsofshaykhs
andaccusethemofbeingmaterialisticandsoforth.IhopethatYourHonorwillclarifythis
mattersothatthefactsarecleartopeoplewhodonotknowthetruth.

A : Thereisnodoubtthatthefocusonrecordingusefularticles,sermons,andbeneficialdiscussionsis
helpfultotheUmmah(Islamiccommunity)thus,whoeverisinvolvedinthisworktobenefittheUmmah
willberewarded.TheyshouldseekAllah'spleasureandbepatientinthiseveniftheysufferfromwhatyou
havementioned,topatternthemselvesaftertheMessengers(peacebeuponthem)andthevirtuouspeople
precedingthem.Moreover,thereisnoharminsellingsuchtapesfornominalpricestoavoidburdening
people,andtobeabletousethemoneyearnedinaccomplishingtheirmissionaswellashelpingpeoplein
acquiringIslamicknowledgeandspreadingit.

Irecommend

acquiringandpurchasinggoodtapesandbenefitingfromthem,iftheyareuseful,fornoteverypersoncan
deliverausefulspeechthatisworthrecording.

So,

aknowledgeseekershouldchoosethetapesofscholarswhoarerecognizedfortheirknowledgeand
scrutinizethemtoinsuretheyarebeneficial,thenhe/sheshouldcirculatethesetapestotheirfamily,fellow
Muslim,andcolleaguestohear.Inadditiontothis,theyshouldbewareofrecordingharmfulmaterialsthat
havenobenefits.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:78)

Q6:Wearealargefamily,havingachauffeurwhodrivesustoschools,markets,andvisitto
ourrelatives.Whatistherulingonourgoing,wearefemales,withhiminsideandoutsidethe
town,giventhatwedonothavemenwithusinthecar?

A : Thereisnoharminthis,iftherearetwoormorefemalesaslongasthereisnocauseof
suspicion.Thereisnothingwrongwithgoingwithhimtotheschoolorelsewhere.Ifitis
possibletohaveamanwithyou,thiswillbemuchbetter,butthisisnotamust.TheKhulwah
(beingalonewithamemberoftheoppositesex)couldbeavoidedjustbyhavinganother
womanorman,alongwithhavingnocauseforsuspicion,sinceitisnotpossibletoalways
haveaMahram(spouseorunmarriageablerelative)available.However,ifthedistanceistoo
farorawomanisgoingtotravel,sheisnotpermittedtotravelwithoutaMahram.The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)said: AwomanshouldnottravelexceptwithaDhuMahram(spouseorunmarriageable
relative). (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim)

ItisalsonecessarytowearHijab(veil)andbewareofthecausesoftemptationtoavoidany
harmexpected.

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Q:Ihaveasonwhoisovertwentyyearsofageandheisauniversitystudent.Heisalwaysat
oddswithhismotherbecauseshe,heclaims,yellsathisbrothersathome.Nowhedoesnot
greetherandhasavoidedtalkingtoherfortwomonths,yethestillhashismealsandspends
thenightathome.WhatamItodowithhimasafather,knowingthatIadvisedhimbuthe
doesnotlistenandinsistsonhiscrookedway?Please,advise!MayAllahrewardyoubest!

A : Thispersonisdoublyignorant.Hehascommittedmajorsinanddisobedience.WeaskAllah(Exaltedbe
He)tograntusandhimguidance.Youhavetowarnhimagainstthissinandpreventhimfromdisobeying
hismother,evenifitrequiresthatyoupunishhim,preventhimtotallyfromenteringthehouse,oranyother
formofsuitablediscipline,aslongasadviceisofnoavail.Youcanevenreporthim

(PartNo:5,PageNo:79)

tothepoliceorthecourtiftheparentsfailtohandlethematter.MayAllahsetrighthisaffairs,givehim
soundjudgment,andprotecthimfromtheevilsofhisself.

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Q8:WhatisyouropiniononthecompaniesthatrecruitnonMuslimsfromabroadfor
employment?

A : ItisnotpermissibletobringnonMuslimemployeestotheArabianPeninsula.Thisisagainstthe
Messenger's(peacebeuponhim)ordertogetthedisbelieversoutofit.He(peacebeuponhim)said, Two
religionsshouldnotcoexistinit[theArabianPeninsula]. Thisorderwasimplementedby`Umar(mayAllahbepleased
withhim).WehavestressedthispointmanytimesintheradiobroadcastprogramNur`AlaAlDarb,
newspaperarticlesandspecialletterstotheconcernedauthorities,mayAllahguidethemtowhatisbest.Itis
notpermissiblefornonMuslimstoliveinthisPeninsuladuetothereasonsmentionedabove,exceptfora
pressingneed,likevendorswhosellimportedgoodsandnonMuslimenvoyscomingasrepresentativesof
theircountriestomeetwithtopofficialsinthisPeninsula.However,itisnotpermissibletoallowthem
permanentresidenceinthiscountry.

Also,itisnotpermissibletogivethemcitizenship,asthiswillfacilitatetheirpermanentresidence,duetothe
Messenger's(peacebeuponhim)commandmentionedearlier.AnynonMuslimwhoispermittedtoenter
thecountrymustbepreventedfrompubliclypracticingtheirreligiousrites.

BringingthemtotheArabianPeninsulaforemploymentisnotpermissible.Rather,Muslimsaretobewareof
themandtodispensewiththembyappointingMuslimworkers.Muslimsshouldbegivenprioritytooccupy
allvacancies.However,insomespecialcases,thisrestrictioncanbeliftedwhenthereisanextremenecessity
deemedbythoseinauthority.Therefore,nonMuslimsmayberecruitedtotakejobsorprofessionsthat
Muslimscannotdo.Uponcompletingsuchtasks,theyaretobereturnedtotheircountries.TheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)permittedtheJewstostayinKhaybarwhentherewasaneedforthat.Thentheywere
expelledby`Umar(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)whentherepresencewasnolongerjustified.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:80)

Q9:ManypeoplewroteabouttheroleoftheMasjid(mosque)andMinbar(pulpit)inIslam.
TherearepeoplewhosaythatsomepeoplehavedeviatedtheroleoftheMinbar,whileothers
saythattheyarepreventedfrommakinguseofthebelovedandpurestplaceontheearth
namelytheMasjid.Theycannotsit,study,orlearninsideit.Otherpeoplemaysaythat
MinbarsareusedforothergoalsthanthatofDa`wah(calltoIslam).Theyareusedtoinvite
peopletoapoliticalparty,aceremony,andsoon.

A : Undoubtedly,theMasjidandMinbararetwolongservingtoolsusedforinstructingtheMuslim
communityinparticularandpeopleingeneralandconveyingtheMessageofAllah(mayHebePraised).
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)senttheMessengers(peacebeuponthem)toconveyHisMessageandteachpeople
HisShari`ah.From'Adam(peacebeuponhim)andthenNoah,theypreachedthemissioninMasjidsand
MinbarswhethertheMinbarisinsidetheMasjidoroutside,builtormadeofwood.

Acamel,horse,oranyotheranimalorraisedplacemaybeusedasaMinbartoconveyAllah'sMessage.

Inconclusion,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)hasordainedHisslavestoconveyHisMessageandteach
peoplewhatHisMessengersbroughtbyanypossiblemeans.TheMasjidandtheMinbararethemost
importantmeansthatcanbeusedforconveyingthisMessageandspreadingDa`wah,astheMasjidisthe
placewhereMuslimsgatherformanyevents,suchastheJumu`ah(Friday)Prayer.Allscholarsand
preachershavetocareaboutandrestoreDa`wah,thegreatestmessage,andtohelppeoplecomprehendthe
religion.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:81)

AlongwiththeMasjid,othermeanssuchasradio,television,press,andspeechescanbeofferedin
gatheringsandceremonies,aswellaswritingandanyothermeanscanbeusedtoconveyreligiousand
worldlyobligationstopeople.TheyhavetoconveyAllah'sMessageandShari`ah.

Thefollowersoftheprophetsandtheirsuccessorsincludingthepeopleofknowledgeandfaithmustconvey
Allah'sMessageandShari`ahsothattheevidenceisestablishedandeveryone,youngorold,maleor
female,orfollowerordeviant,cancomprehendthereligionandbeinexcusable.

ItisimpermissibleforrulersandauthoritiestopreventanyscholarfromusingaMinbartoteachpeople
unlessitisproventhatheisnotqualifiedforthistaskorcallstofalsehood.

Qualifiedpersonswhocalltothetruthandguidancemustbeencouraged,supportedandprovidedwiththe
facilitiesthatcanbeusedforconveyingAllah'scommandsandShari`ah.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Helpyou
oneanotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,righteousnessandpiety)butdonothelponeanotherinsinandtransgression. Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: ByAlAsr(thetime). Verily,manisinloss, Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)
anddorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommendoneanothertothetruth[i.e.orderoneanothertoperformallkindsofgooddeeds(Al
M a ruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeeds(AlMunkarwhichAllhhasforbidden],and
recommendoneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,andinjurieswhichonemayencounterinAllhsCauseduring
preachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd). TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, "Religionisbasedon
advisingoneanother."Uponthiswesaid:"Forwhom?"Hereplied:"ForAllah,HisBook,HisMessengerandfortheMuslims,leaders
andsubjects." (RelatedbyMuslim)TherearemanyproofsfromtheQur'anandSunnahtothateffect.

Allpeopleofknowledgeineveryplace,whoareversedintheQur'anandSunnah,havetodischargethe
dutyofDa`wah,enjoinwhatisgoodandforbidwhatisevilasmuchastheycan.Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)says, SokeepyourdutytoAllhandfearHimasmuchasyoucan

(PartNo:5,PageNo:82)

Wherevertheyare,theymustconveyAllah'sMessage.Thistaskisnotrestrictedtoaparticularplaceitcan
bedoneinsidetheMasjid,athome,inthestreet,orinvehicles.Theyhavetodoiteverywhereasmuchas
theycan.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Then!AretheMessengerschargedwithanythingbuttoconveyclearly
theMessage?

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: OMessenger(Muhammad!)Proclaim(theMessage)whichhasbeen
sentdowntoyoufromyourLord. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Convey(myteachings)tothepeopleevenifit
wereasinglesentence. TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: MayAllahbrighten
(thefaceof)apersonwhohearsmywords,comprehendsthem,andthenconveysthemashehasheardthemforperhapstheone
informedcomprehendsmorethantheonewhohears. Whenhe(peacebeuponhim)gaveaKhutbah(sermon),he
usedtosay: Thosewhoarepresentshouldconveyit(thisinformation)tothosewhoareabsent. DuringtheFarewellHajj,
whilestandingon`Arafathe(peacebeuponhim)gavethelastKhutbahwhileridinghismountsaying, Those
whoarepresentshouldconveyit(thisinformation)tothosewhoareabsent,astheinformedonemightcomprehendit(whatIhave
said)betterthanthepresentaudiencewhowillconveyittohim.Healsosaid,"Youaregoingtobeaskedaboutme,sowhatwillyou
say?"Theyreplied,"Weshalltestifythatyouhaveconveyed(themessage),advised(us),andperformedyourrole."Hekeptpointing www.ircpk.com
towardstheskyandthentowardsthepeopleandsaying,"OAllah!Bewitnesstothis.OAllah!Bewitnesstothis." (Relatedby
ImamMusliminhisSahih).

Whenhe(peacebeuponhim)sent`AlitoKhaybartocalltheJewstoIslamandfightthemincaseofrejecting
thecall,hesaid InvitethemtoIslamandinformthemwhatisobligatoryforthemfromtherightsofAllah,for,byAllah,ifAllah
guidesarightevenonemanthroughyouthatisbetterforyouthantopossessthemostvaluablecamels. (Agreeduponby
ImamsAlBukhariandMuslim)fromSahlIbnSa`dAlAnsary(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim).

InhisSahih,MuslimnarratedontheauthorityofAbuMas`udAlAnsary(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thatthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)said, Onewhoguidestosomethinggoodhasarewardsimilartothatofitsdoer. Thereare
many

(PartNo:5,PageNo:83)

AyahsandHadithsconcerningcallingtoAllah(mayHebePraised)andguidingpeopletogoodnessand
enjoininggoodandforbiddingevil.

PeopleofknowledgeandfaithamongrulersandothersinIslamiccountriesandeveryplacehavetoconvey
Allah'sMessageandteachpeopletheprinciplesofreligionwithwisdomandgoodmannerswhichencourage
peopletoacceptthetruth.Allah(mayHebePraised)says, Invite(mankind,OMuhammad)tothe
WayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewiththemin
awaythatisbetter. (SurahAlNahl16:125)Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Andarguenotwiththepeopleofthe
Scripture(JewsandChristians),unlessitbein(away)thatisbetter(withgoodwordsandingoodmanner,invitingthemtoIslmic
MonotheismwithHisVerses),exceptwithsuchofthemasdowrong (SurahAl`Ankabut29:46).He(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)alsosays, Andwhoisbetterinspeechthanhewho[says:"MyLordisAllh(believesinHisOneness),"andthen
standsfirm(actsuponHisOrder),and]invites(men)toAllhs(IslmicMonotheism),anddoesrighteousdeeds,andsays:"Iamone
oftheMuslims." He(mayHebePraised)addressestheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saying, AndbytheMercyof
Allh,youdealtwiththemgently.Andhadyoubeensevereandharshhearted,theywouldhavebrokenawayfromaboutyou

WhenAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)sentMusa(Moses)andHarun(Aaron)tothePharaoh,Hesays,
"Andspeaktohimmildly,perhapshemayacceptadmonitionorfear(Allh)." ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said, Kindnessisnottobefoundinanythingbutthatitaddstoitsbeautyanditisnotwithdrawnfrom
anythingbutitmakesitdefective. TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: Whoever
isdeprivedofforbearanceandgentlenessis,infact,deprivedofallgood. TherearemanyAyahsandHadithswhichstress
thismeaning.

EveryMuslimhastocomprehendthereligionandaskthepeopleofknowledge

(PartNo:5,PageNo:84)

aboutproblematicissues.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, IfAllahwantstodogoodtoaperson,Hemakes
himcomprehendthereligion. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim).

Peopleofknowledgehavetoteach,conveytheknowledgethatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)grantedthemandhelp
peoplecomprehendthereligion.Theyhavetohastenandcompetewitheachothertodothisnecessarytask
withhonesty,sincerityandpatience.TheystrivetoconveyAllah'sreligiontoHisslavesandteachthemthe
obligationsandprohibitionsstatedbyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)intheMasjid,lessonsofknowledgeheldinthe
Masjid,andKhutbahsgivenonFridays,`Eidandotheroccasions.Noteveryonehasthechancetoknow
thesemattersinschools,institutions,anduniversities.NoteveryonecanfindtheschoolthatteachesAllah's
PurifiedShari`ahandthecomponentsofreligionincludingtheQur'anandSunnah,astheywererevealed
andreportedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim).

Radio,television,thepress,andreligiousoccasionssuchasFridaysandthetwo`Eidsmustbemeansforthe
peopleofknowledgeandfaithtoconveyreligiousteachingstopeople.Theyhavetodosoineveryplace
throughgivinglessonsandholdingknowledgecirclesinsideMasjidsandotherplaces.

EveryknowledgeseekerwhoisversedinthereligionandeveryscholarwhomAllah(ExaltedbeHe)granted
insightmustmakeuseofhisknowledgeandseizeanychancetocalltoAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Theyhaveto
teachpeopleShari`ah,theobligationsandprohibitionsofwhichtheyarenotawareandtoenjoingoodand
forbidevil.

ThisisadutythatallscholarsshoulddischargesincetheyarethesuccessorsoftheMessengersandtheheirs
oftheprophets,sotheyhavetoconveyAllah'sMessage,teachHisShari`ah,andadvisepeopletodrawclose
toAllah(ExaltedbeHe),HisBook,andHisMessenger.ThisshouldbedonefortheMuslims,leaders,and
subjects.Itshouldbedonewithpatience.Theymustbeencouraged,supported,andprovidedwiththe
facilitiesthatcanbeusedfor

(PartNo:5,PageNo:85)

dischargingthisduty.Allah(mayHebePraised)says, HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,
righteousnessandpiety) TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Whoeverfulfillstheneedsofhisbrother,Allahwillfulfill
hisneeds. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim)ItisreportedontheauthorityofIbn`Umar(may
Allahbepleasedwiththem)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, AllahhelpsHisslavesolongastheslave www.ircpk.com
helpshisbrother. (relatedbyImamMusliminhisSahihfromAbuHurayrah,mayAllahbepleasedwithhim).

IaskAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)tograntus,allMuslimbrothersandsisters,scholarsinparticular
andknowledgeseekersingeneralsuccessandguidancetothetruth,forHeistheMostGenerous.Peace
andblessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamilyandCompanions!

www.ircpk.com

cooperationinRighteousnessandPiety

(PartNo:5,PageNo:86)

AllpraisebetoAllahandpeaceandblessingsbeupontheMessengerofAllah,Muhammad,anduponhis
family,hisCompanionsandthosewhofollowhisguidance.

IthankAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)forgrantingusthismeetingwithbrothersinIslamandnoble
sonstocooperatewithoneanotherinBirr(righteousness)andTaqwa(piety),exhortoneanothertoAl
Haqq(theTruth),andtoexchangeadvicefortheSakeofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).Iwouldliketo
alsothanktheIslamicUniversityofImamMuhammadibnSaudforinvitingmetoparticipateinthislectureand
thenoblebrother,ShaykhMuhammadibnAbdulRazzaqAlDarwish,forinvitingmetoattendthismeeting.Iask
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)toblessalltheseefforts,makeitablessedmeeting,benefitusall
throughit,andhelpuswithitinobeyingHim,adheringtoHisDin(religionofIslam),andadvisingHis
ServantsforHisSake!HeisthebestOnetobeaskedforhelp.

ThetitleofthetalkIamgoingtogiveyoutodayis:"CooperationinBirrandTaqwa,"anditisreallyan
inclusivetitlethatincludesallgoodness.AllpraisebetoAllahthatyouareconcernedwithandworking
towardsachievingthisgoal.Allah(mayHebePraisedandExalted)enjoinsuponHisServantstocooperate
inBirrandTaqwaandforbidsthemtocooperateinsinandaggression.He(mayHebePraisedandExalted)
saysinSurahAlMaidah: HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,righteousnessandpiety)butdonothelpone
anotherinsinandtransgression.AndfearAllh.Verily,AllhisSevereinpunishment.

EveryMuslimallovertheworldshouldupholdthisdutyand

(PartNo:5,PageNo:87)

payalotofattentiontoit,asitisduetothisthat,withtheWillofAllah,theintegrityofsocietywillgrow,
andtherewillbecooperationingoodness,avoidanceofevil,awarenessofresponsibility,andabstention
fromexceedingthelimitsthatshouldnotbeexceeded.TherearemanyNas(IslamictextsfromtheQuran
ortheSunnah)tothateffect,includingtheSayingofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe): ByAlAsr(thetime).
Verily,manisinloss, Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommendone
anothertothetruth[i.e.orderoneanothertoperformallkindsofgooddeeds(AlMaruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfrom
allkindsofsinsandevildeeds(AlMunkarwhichAllhhasforbidden],andrecommendoneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,
harms,andinjurieswhichonemayencounterinAllhsCauseduringpreachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd). This
greatshortSurahembracesmanygreatmeanings,oneofthemisadvisingoneanothertofollowAlHaqq,
whichmeanscooperatinginBirrandTaqwa.Thehappyblessedonesinalltimesandplacesarethosewho
achievethefourcharacteristicsthatarementionedintheSurah.Theywillbesecuredfromalltypesofloss.

EveryMuslimshouldachievethesecharacteristics,abidebythem,andcalltothemtheyare:havingtrue
Iman(Faith)inAllahandHisMessengerinawaythatembracessinceredevotiontoAllahinIbadah
(worship),believingwhatHe(mayHebePraised)tellsus,testifyingtoHisOnenessandthatHesentHis
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)withHisMessage,andbelievingwhattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)told
us.Alsoitembracesdoinggooddeeds,asimaniswordsanddeedsitincreasesbyobedienceanddecreases
bysin,accordingtotheunderstandingofAhlulSunnahwalJamaah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandthe
Muslimmainbody).TrueImanisspokenbytheheart,andonthelips,andexpressedbytheactionofthe
heartandbodytheactionoftheheartisthroughlove,devotion,fear,hope,andlongingforAllah.Italso
includeslovinggoodforMuslims,suchassupplicatingtoAllahforthem,anddoinggooddeeds.Itiswords
anddeedsthatincreasethroughobedienceanddecreasethroughsinningasmentionedabove.

Italsoincludesathirdmatter,whichisexhortingoneanothertoAlHaqq,andthisispartofthegooddeeds
andIman.Allahstressesthisbymentioningitbyitselftoshowitssignificance.Exhortingoneanotherplays
aparamountroleitsignifiescooperationinBirrandTaqwa,advisingoneanotherfortheSakeofAllah,
guidingpeopletowhatbenefitsthem,andforbiddingthemfromwhatharmsthem.Italsoincludesafourth
matter,whichisexhortingoneanothertopatience.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:88)

Therefore,thisgreatSurahembracesalltypesofgood,itsprinciples,andthemeanstoobtainhappiness.

SocooperationinBirrandTaqwameanscooperatingtoachieveImanthroughwords,deeds,andbeliefs.
WhenBirrisaccompaniedbyTaqwa,theydenotefulfillingtheFaridah(obligatoryacts)andabstainingfrom
prohibitions.BirrmeansfulfillingtheFaridah,attaininggood,andhasteningtoandachievingit.taqwa
meanstoabstainfromwhathasbeendeclaredasHaram(prohibited)andrenouncingtheevil.When
referringtojustoneofthesetwowordswithoutmentioningtheother,itencompassesthewholeDin
therefore,absoluteBirrreferstothewholereligionandabsoluteTaqwaalsoreferstothewholereligion.
ThisisaccordingtotheSayingofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe): butAlBirris(thequalityof)theonewho
believesinAllh,theLastDay untilHissaying: SucharethepeopleofthetruthandtheyareAlMuttaqn(thepious). In
anotherAyah(Quranicverse),Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: butAlBirr(isthequalityoftheone)whofearsAllh.
www.ircpk.com
CooperationinBirrandTaqwameanscooperatingtoachievewhatAllahandHisMessengerhaveorderedto
bedone,whetherintheformofwords,deeds,orbeliefs,andtogiveupallthatAllahandHisMessenger
havedeclaredasHaram,whetherinwords,deeds,orbeliefs.Everyperson,manorwoman,isinneedto
thiscooperation,toattainhappinessandsalvationinthislifeandtheHereafterandsafetyfromallkindsof
ruinandcorruption.Theirshareofthiswillbeequaltothedegreeoftheirsincerityanddevotionandtheir
lossequaltothatoftheirnegligence.Adherencetothesefourmatterswillbringthefullreward,while
adherencetosomeofthemwillbringjustapartialreward.Thosewhofailtoadheretothesefourmattersin
wordanddeedwillmissoutonallgoodandwillbeafflictedwithtotalloss.Andthosewhomissanyof
themwillbeafflictedwithlosstothesamedegreeaswhattheyfailedtorealizeofthesefourmatters.

Thereisnodoubtthatscholarsarethepeoplewhoshouldperformthesemattersthemostandcooperatein
BirrandTaqwawithIman,sincerity,devotion,patience,andperseverance.Thisisbecausethelaypeople
cannotdosoduetotheirlimitedunderstandingandknowledgeoftheirDin,sotheycanonlyperforma
smallamountof

(PartNo:5,PageNo:89)

it,accordingtotheirknowledge.Butthescholarshavetheabilitytodosomorethanothersthemore
knowledgeincreasesaboutAllah,HisMessenger,andHisDin,themorethedutiesandresponsibilities
increase.

Regardingthismeaning,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Thebelievers,menandwomen,are
Auliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandall
thatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslmhas
forbidden) Beingsupportersandprotectorsofoneotherentailsadvisingoneanother,cooperatinginBirrand
Taqwa,exhortingoneanothertoAlHaqqandhavingpatiencewithit,andbeingawareofallthatcontradicts
thisallianceorweakensit.AbelievingmanistheallyofbelievingmenandwomenforAllahsSake,anda
believingwomanistheallyofbelievingwomenandmenforAllahsSake.Thisisobligatoryuponall.Every
believerhastoguidetheirbrotherorsistertogood,advisethem,andwarnthemagainstallkindsofevil.So
realizeyouralliancetoyourbrothersandsistersbycooperatingwiththeminBirrandTaqwa,advisingthem
ineverythinggoodyouknowabout,hatingforthemanybadyouknowabout,helpingthemtodogoodand
forsakeevil,feelinghappyforthemattaininggood,andfeelingsadforthemiftheyshouldfallintoevil.This
isbecausetheyareyourbrothersandsisters.

ThisiswhytheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Noneofyouwillbelieveuntiltheylovefortheirbrotherwhatthey
lovesforthemselves. (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslimontheauthorityofAnas[mayAllahbepleased
withhim])TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid, Abelievertoabelieverislikeabuilding,eachreinforcingthe
other. Andhe(peacebeuponhim)interlacedhisfingers. (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim)Inaddition,the
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid, Thesimilitudeofbelieversinregardtotheirmutuallove,mercy,andempathy,is
thatofabodywhenanyofitspartssuffers,thewholebodycallsupononeanother(sharing)with(it)sleeplessnessandfever.
(AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim)

ThesethreeHadith,andotherHadithwiththesamemeaning,aregreatbasesthatmakeitobligatoryupon
youtoloveforyourbrothersandsisterseverygood,hateforthemeveryevil,advisethemwhereverthey
mightbe,astheyareyoursupportersandyouaretheirsupporter.AsAllah(mayHebePraised)says: The
believers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanother

(PartNo:5,PageNo:90)

Tothesameeffect,itisnarratedbyMusliminhis"Sahih(BookofAuthenticHadith)"ontheauthorityofTamim
A lDary(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, TheDinissincerity.They
said, Towhom,OMessengerofAllah?He(peacebeuponhim)answered,ToAllah,HisBook,HisMessenger,andtheImams
(leaders)ofMuslimsandtheircommonpeople. InthisgreatHadith,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)tellsusthat
theentireDinliesinsincerity,whichincludeseverything,withoutcheatingordeception.

ForaMuslim,duetotheimportanceoftheirallianceswithandloveoftheirbrothersandsisters,theyshould
sincerelyadvisethemandguidethemtoallthatbenefitsthem.Itmustbepureofanytaintordeception.

TheArabsareusedtosay:"puregold",whichmeansfreefromanyadulteration.Theyalsodescribehoney
andwaxwiththeword"pure"andthismeansthattheyarefreefromadulteration.Inthesamecontext
also,itisnarratedbyAlBukhariandMuslimontheauthorityof JariribnAbdullahAlBajaly(mayAllahbepleasedwith
him),whosaid, IpledgedallegiancetotheProphet(peacebeuponhim)basedontheestablishmentoftheSalah(Prayer),the
paymentofZakah(obligatorycharity),andsinceritytoeveryMuslim.

Itisadutyuponthescholarsandtheseekersofknowledgetounderstandthemeaningofthisandactupon
itmorethanothers.Thisisduetotheirknowledge,merit,andtheirbeingsuccessorsoftheMessengers
whoseroleistoclarifyAlHaqq,callpeopletoit,andgiveadvicesincerelyfortheSakeofAllahandHis
Servants.Thosewhohaveknowledgearenotequaltothosewhodonot.AsAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)says: Arethosewhoknowequaltothosewhoknownot?Itisonlymenofunderstandingwhowillremember(i.e.getalesson
fromAllhsSignsandVerses). ThemostsincereingivingadvicetopeopleweretheMessengers(peacebeupon
them),theProphets,andafterthemthescholars,becausetheyaretheheirsoftheProphetsandtheir
successorsingoodness,sincerity,Dawah(calling)toAllah,andpatientenduranceofharm.

Givingadviceincludesenjoiningthegoodandforbiddingtheevil.Therefore,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe www.ircpk.com
He)

(PartNo:5,PageNo:91)

saysintheabovementionedAyah(Quranicverse): enjoiningAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslm
ordersonetodo)andforbiddingAlMunkar(polytheismanddisbeliefandallthatIslmhasforbidden). Certainly,partand
parcelofthisisDa wahtothegoodandguidingtoit,teachingtheignorantandguidingtheastraytothe
rightway,asAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andwhoisbetterinspeechthanhewho[says:"MyLordisAllh
(believesinHisOneness),"andthenstandsfirm(actsuponHisOrder),and]invites(men)toAllhs(IslmicMonotheism),anddoes
righteousdeeds,andsays:"IamoneoftheMuslims." ThereisnoonebetterthanthosewhocalltoAllahanddo
righteousdeeds.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Invite(mankind,OMuhammad)tothe
WayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewiththemin
awaythatisbetter. Allah(mayHebePraised)makesitclearinanotherAyahthatIslamicknowledgeis
indispensable,becauseaDa y(callertoAllah/Islam)musthaveknowledgesotheydonotmisguide
themselvesorotherpeople.Allah(mayHebePraisedandExalted)says: Say(OMuhammad):
"ThisismywayIinviteuntoAllh(i.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)withsureknowledge

ItisobligatoryforthosewhoperformDawahtoAllahandguidethemtogoodtohaveinsightintowhat
theyarecallingtoandforbidding.TheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)madeitclearthatthosewhocall
peopletoAllahwillhavearewardequaltothosetheyguidedtoAllah,whichisagreatgood.TheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said, Anyonewhoguidestogoodwillhavearewardlikethatofthosewhodoit. (Relatedby
Musliminhis"Sahih")TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Anyonewhocallsotherstoguidancewillhaveareward
likethatofthosewhofollowhim,withoutthatdetractingfromtheirrewardintheslightest.Andanyonewhocallsothersto
misguidancewillhaveaburdenofsinlikethatofthosewhofollowhim,withoutthatdetractingfromtheirsinintheslightest.
(RelatedbyMuslim)

ItisreportedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)ontheauthorityof
SahlibnSa d (mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)that TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidtoAlyibnAbuTalib,AmirAl
M uminin(CommanderoftheBelievers,mayAllahbepleasedwithhim),whenhewassendinghimtoKhaybar,InvitethemtoIslam
andinformthemwhatisobligatoryuponthemfromtheRightsofAllahuponthem,for,byAllah,ifAllahguidesonepersonthrough
youitisbetterforyouthanredcamels(i.e.themostvaluablepossession.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:92)

Thisisagreatgood,asitmeansthatthisisbetterthanthewholeworld.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
likeneditwithredcamels,becausetheArabshonoredredcamelsandsawthemastheirbestproperty.

Therefore,brothersandsons,youhaveagreatneedtobesincereinthismatter.Youneedtobeactiveand
patienttoactupontheNasyouhaveheard,andotherteachings.Youalsoneedtobetruthful,examinethe
good,offerassistanceinthebestway,andbemodest.RealizethattheServantsareatagreatrisk,socall
peopletoAllah,spreadgood,giveadvice,andhelpothersinBirrandTaqwa,preservemodesty,anddonot
bearrogantorselfconceited.Donotbeconcernedaboutyourselves,exceptinregardtothisgreatrisk,so
urgeyourselvestodoeverygood,andwarnyourselvesagainstdoingevil.Donotbeselfadmiringofyour
work,norbearrogantorboastfulaboutit,norremindpeopleofyourfavors,orthinkyourselvesbetterthan
otherpeople.Rather,understandthatthisisafavorfromAllahuponyoutodoso.Allah(mayHebePraised
andExalted)says: Theyregardasfavourtoyou(OMuhammad)thattheyhaveembracedIslm.Say:
"CountnotyourIslmasafavourtome.Nay,butAllhhasconferredafavouruponyouthatHehasguidedyoutotheFaithifyou
indeedaretrue.

CooperationwithoneanotherinBirrandTaqwaandmutualadvicegivingentailsDawahtothegoodand
helpingotherstoachieveit,butitalsoentailswarningagainstevilandnotcooperatingwiththosewhodo
evil.SodonothelpyourMuslimbrothersandsisterstodowhatearnsthemAllahsWrath.Donothelpthem
tosin,insteadadvisethemtogiveitupandwarnthemagainstitsevils.ThisispartofcooperationinBirr
andTaqwa.Butifyouhelpthemtosinandfacilitateitforthem,youwillbecooperatingwiththeminsin
andwrongdoing,whetherthesiniscommittedinwordsordeeds,suchasbybeingnegligentofperforming
Salah,payingZakah,observingSawm(Fasting),orperformingHajj,orbybeingdisobedienttobothorone
parent,severingthetiesofkinship,shavingthebeard,Isbal(lengtheningandtrailingclothingbelowthe
ankles),lying,backbiting,slandering,swearing,andsuchlike,andwhethertheyarecommittedbywordsor
deeds.ThisisaccordingtoAllahs(mayHebePraised)Saying: HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,
righteousnessandpiety)butdonothelponeanotherinsinandtransgression.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:93)

AlldisobediencestoAllahareincludedintheword'sin'here.

Asfortransgression,thismeansgoingbeyondthelimitsprescribedbyAllah,andtransgressingagainst
peopleoragainstthedutiesenjoinedbyAllah,eitherbyadditionordeletion.Bidah(rejectedinnovationin
religion)isanactoftransgression,becauseitaddstowhatAllahprescribed.Therefore,thosewhopractice
Bid aharealsocalledtransgressors,asarethosewhooppresstheServantsofAllahorthosewhoneglect
whatAllahhasrevealed,astheyarecommittingsinsandtransgressingtheCommandsofAllah.
TransgressingandexceedingwhatAllahprescribed,andoppressingAllahsServantsareallforbidden
transgressionsandsins.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: butdonothelponeanotherinsinandtransgression. Allah(may
HebePraisedandExalted)endsthisAyahremindingustohaveTaqwaandwarningoftheseverityofHis
Punishment.He(ExaltedbeHe)says: AndfearAllh.Verily,AllhisSevereinpunishment. ThismeansthatAllahis
warningusoftheconsequencesofcooperatinginsinandtransgressionandofneglectingtocooperatein www.ircpk.com
BirrandTaqwa,andthattheresultofthiswillbeaseverepenaltyforthosewhodisobeyHisCommands,do
whatHeforbids,andtransgressagainstthelimitsHeprescribes.

WeaskAllahbyHisMostSublimeNamesandAttributestoguideusandyouandalltheMuslimsto
cooperatewithoneanotherinBirrandTaqwa,andtobehonestinthat.Andthatweshouldstartwith
ourselves,becausethosewhocalltoAllahsWayareexamplestobefollowed,asaretheseekersof
knowledge.Theyshouldholdthemselvestoaccountforeverythingandstrivetodogoodandforsakewhat
isevil,asthiswillbebeneficialfortheirDawahandtheiradvicegiving,anditwillhelppeopleacceptand
benefitfromtheiradvice,Dawah,andguidance,andtheirenjoiningofgoodandforbiddingevil.

MayAllahgrantussuccess!MaypeaceandblessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamilyand
Companions,andthosewhofollowedthemrightfully!

www.ircpk.com

MeansofhappinessfortheMuslimNation

(PartNo:5,PageNo:94)

PraiseisduetoAllah.MaypeaceandblessingsbeuponAllah'sMessenger,hisHousehold,andCompanions.
DearMuslims!

Thereisnodoubtthateverynationmusthavepeoplewhoareabletoshowitthewayandguideittothe
rightpath.Ournationisthebestnationandisfavoredwithenjoiningwhatisgood,forbiddingwhatisevil
andcallingtoallthatisgood,takingProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)asthebestexample.
However,thesethings(i.e.enjoiningwhatisgood,forbiddingwhatisevilandcallingtogoodmatters)are
indeedamongthemeansofhappinessandsalvationintheworldlylifeandintheHereafter.Accordingly,
everyMuslimshouldexertefforttoadvise,guide,enjoinwhatisgoodandforbidwhatisevilsoastofree
himselffromresponsibilityandbeanexampleforothers.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Andremind(bypreaching
theQurn,OMuhammad),forverily,theremindingprofitsthebelievers.

Everybeliever,indeed,everyhumanisindireneedtoberemindedwiththerightofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
andtherightofAllah'sSlavesonHim.Eachpersonshouldbeurgedtofulfilltheserights.Muslimsmust
remindoneanothertoadheretothetruthandtoshowpatienceinthat.Fromarelativestandpoint,Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)demonstratesinHisClearBookthecharacteristicsofthewinnersandtheirnobledeedsand
thecharacteristicsofthelosersandtheirdispraisedpractices.ThemostcomprehensivetextfromtheQur'an
inthisregardisSurah(Qur'anicchapter)ofAl`Asr: ByAlAsr(thetime). Verily,manisinloss, Exceptthosewho
believe(inIslmicMonotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommendoneanothertothetruth[i.e.orderoneanotherto
performallkindsofgooddeeds(AlMaruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeeds(AlMunkar
whichAllhhasforbidden],andrecommendoneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,andinjurieswhichonemayencounter
inAllhsCauseduringpreachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd).

(PartNo:5,PageNo:95)

ThisshortNobleSurahclarifiesthattherearefourmeansofsuccess:

First:BeliefinAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger.

Second:Righteousdeeds.

Third:Recommendingoneanothertothetruth.

Fourth:Recommendingoneanothertopatience.

Whoeverfulfillsthesefourprinciplesgainsthegreatestrewardandisentitledtoreceivehonorandeternal
happinessontheDayofJudgmentwhereasthosewhoabandonthemreturnwiththegreatestlossandtheir
abodewillbeHell,theplaceofdisgrace.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)explains,diversifies,andrepeatsthe
characteristicsofthewinnersinHisNobleBooksothatapersonwhoseekssalvationinthislifeandthe
Hereafterknows,acquiresandcallsotherstothesehonorablecharacteristics.Inaddition,He(ExaltedbeHe)
elaboratedonthecharacteristicsoftheloserssoastobemanifestforabelievertoknowand,consequently,
avoid.ThosewhocontemplateandrecitetheQur'analotrecognizethecharacteristicsofthewinnersandthe
losersindetail,forAllah(ExaltedbeHe)showstheminmanyAyahsincludingtheformerAyahsandalso
Ayah9ofSurahAlIsra': Verily,thisQurnguidestothatwhichismostjustandrightandgivesgladtidingstothebelievers(in
theOnenessofAllhandHisMessenger,Muhammad),whoworkdeedsofrighteousness,thattheyshallhavea
greatreward(Paradise).

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: (Thisis)aBook(theQurn)whichWehavesentdowntoyou,fullofblessings,thatthey
mayponderoveritsVerses,andthatmenofunderstandingmayremember. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Andthisisa
blessedBook(theQurn)whichWehavesentdown,sofollowitandfearAllh(i.e.donotdisobeyHisOrders),thatyoumayreceive
mercy(i.e.besavedfromthetormentofHell).

ItIsauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Thebestamongyou(Muslims)arethosewho
learntheQuranandteachit. TheProphet

(PartNo:5,PageNo:96)

(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)openlydeclaresintheFarewellSermonontheDayof
`Arafah, Iamleavingyousomethingthatifyouadheretoit,youwillnevergoastraytheBookofAllah. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)
pointsoutintheseAyahsthatHerevealstheQur'anforpeopletoreflectonit,remindthemselvesofand
followit,andtoseekitsguidanceregardingthewaysthatleadtohappiness,honor,andsalvationinthislife
andintheHereafter.TheMessengerofAllah(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)recommended
peopletolearnandteachit,explainingthatthebestamongstpeoplearethePeopleoftheQur'anwholearn,
teach,andconsequentlyactuponandfollowit,observingitslimits,rulingbyandcallingtoapplyingits
rulings.
www.ircpk.com
TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)pointedouttopeopleinthisgreatgatheringontheDayof`Arafahthat
theywouldnotgoastrayiftheyholdfirmlytoandfollowtheteachingsoftheBookofAllah.TheSalaf
(righteouspredecessors)andthefirstgenerationsofthisnationadheredtotheteachingsoftheQura'nand
madeuseofthebiographyoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andtherefore,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)honored
them,raisedtheirdegreeandestablishedthemontheearth.He(mayHebePraised)accomplishedforthem
whatHe(GlorifiedbeHe)promisedthem,forHisPromiseneverfails.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Allhhas
promisedthoseamongyouwhobelieveanddorighteousgooddeeds,thatHewillcertainlygrantthemsuccessionto(thepresent
rulers)intheland,asHegrantedittothosebeforethem,andthatHewillgrantthemtheauthoritytopractisetheirreligionwhichHe
haschosenforthem(i.e.Islm).AndHewillsurelygivetheminexchangeasafesecurityaftertheirfear(provided)they(believers)
worshipMeanddonotassociateanything(inworship)withMe.

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!Ifyouhelp(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,andmakeyour
footholdfirm. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Verily,AllhwillhelpthosewhohelpHis(Cause).Truly,AllhisAllStrong,
A l lMighty. Those(Muslimrulers)who,ifWegivethempowerintheland,(they)enjoinIqamatasSalt[i.e.toperformthefive
compulsorycongregationalSalt(prayers)(themalesinmosques)],topaytheZaktandtheyenjoinAlMarf(i.e.Islmic
MonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbidAlMunkar(i.e.disbelief,polytheismandallthatIslmhasforbidden)[i.e.
theymaketheQurnasthelawoftheircountryinallthespheresoflife].AndwithAllhreststheendof(all)matters(ofcreatures).

O,Muslims!PonderontheBookofyourLord,

(PartNo:5,PageNo:97)

reciteitalot,complywithitscommands,avoiditsprohibitions,identifyandacquirethemannersandacts
whichtheQur'anpraised,knowthemannersandactionsthattheQur'andispraisedandwarnedtheir
perpetratorsaboutandavoidthem,recommendoneanothertodoallthisandbepatienttillyoumeetyour
Lord.Inthisway,youwilldeservethehonorandattainsalvationandhappinessinthislifeandinthe
Hereafter.

Indeed,amongthemostimportantdutiesMuslimsmustdoistoattendto,follow,comprehend,andmake
useoftheProphet'sSunnah,foritisthesecondformofrevelationandanexplanationoftheQur'an.The
SunnahillustrateswhatmaybeunclearintheQur'an.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)saysinHisNobleBook, AndWe
havealsosentdownuntoyou(OMuhammad)theDhikr[reminderandtheadvice(i.e.theQurn)],thatyoumay
explainclearlytomenwhatissentdowntothem,andthattheymaygivethought. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndWe
havesentdowntoyoutheBook(theQuran)asanexpositionofeverything,aguidance,amercy,andgladtidingsforthosewhohave
submittedthemselves(toAllhasMuslims). Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndWehavenotsentdowntheBook(the
Q u ran)toyou(OMuhammad),exceptthatyoumayexplainclearlyuntothemthosethingsinwhichtheydiffer,
and(as)aguidanceandamercyforafolkwhobelieve.

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: IndeedintheMessengerofAllh(Muhammad)youhaveagoodexample
tofollowforhimwhohopesfor(theMeetingwith)AllhandtheLastDay,andremembersAllhmuch. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)
alsosays: AndletthosewhoopposetheMessengers(Muhammad)commandment(i.e.hisSunnahlegal
ways,orders,actsofworship,statements)(amongthesects)beware,lestsomeFitnah(disbelief,trials,afflictions,earthquakes,
killing,overpoweredbyatyrant)shouldbefallthemorapainfultormentbeinflictedonthem. TherearemanyAyahsthat
showtheobligationoffollowingtheProphet(peacebeuponhim),glorifyinghisSunnahandadheringtoit
andwarningagainstcontradictingorneglectingit.TheyareknowntowhoeverpondersontheQur'anand
understandstheProphet's(peacebeuponhim)authenticHadiths.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:98)

Indeed,therewillbenorightness,happiness,honor,dignityorSalvationinthislifeandintheHereafter
exceptbyfollowingtheGloriousQur'anandtheSunnahoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim),glorifyingboth
ofthem,recommendingtheminallconditionsandremainingsteadfastwiththis.Allah(mayHebeExalted
andGlorified)says, Oyouwhobelieve!AnswerAllh(byobeyingHim)and(His)Messengerwhenhe()calls
youtothatwhichwillgiveyoulife,andknowthatAllhcomesinbetweenapersonandhisheart(i.e.Hepreventsanevilpersonto
decideanything).AndverilytoHimyoushall(all)begathered. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Whoeverworks
righteousnesswhethermaleorfemalewhilehe(orshe)isatruebeliever(ofIslmicMonotheism)verily,tohimWewillgivea
goodlife(inthisworldwithrespect,contentmentandlawfulprovision),andWeshallpaythemcertainlyarewardinproportiontothe
bestofwhattheyusedtodo(i.e.ParadiseintheHereafter). Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Buthonour,powerandglory
belongtoAllh,andtoHisMessenger(Muhammad),andtothebelievers,butthehypocritesknownot.

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)informsHisSlavesintheseNobleAyahsthatthegoodlife,ease,peaceofmindand
perfecthonorareforthosewhoanswerthecallofAllahandHisMessengerandadheretothisbywordand
deed.However,thosewhoturnawayfromtheBookofAllahandtheSunnahofHisMessenger(peacebe
uponhim)andoccupythemselveswithotherthings,willsufferfrompain,misery,anxiety,grief,andalife
ofhardshipeveniftheypossesstheentireworld.TheworstwillbeintheHereafterwhentheygotoamore
severetorment,namely,thetortureofHellfire.WeseekrefugewithAllahfromthat.Allah(mayHeExalted
andglorified)says, AndnothingpreventstheircontributionsfrombeingacceptedfromthemexceptthattheydisbelievedinAllh
andinHisMessenger(Muhammad),andthattheycamenottoAsSalt(theprayer)exceptinalazystate,and
thattheyoffernotcontributionsbutunwillingly. Soletnottheirwealthnortheirchildrenamazeyou(OMuhammad
)inrealityAllhsPlanistopunishthemwiththesethingsinthelifeofthisworld,andthattheirsoulsshalldepart(die)while
theyaredisbelievers.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:99)

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: TheniftherecomestoyouguidancefromMe,thenwhoeverfollowsMyGuidanceheshall www.ircpk.com


neithergoastray,norshallbedistressed. "ButwhosoeverturnsawayfromMyReminder(i.e.neitherbelievesinthisQurnnor
actsonitsteachings.)verily,forhimisalifeofhardship,andWeshallraisehimupblindontheDayofResurrection." Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andverily,Wewillmakethemtasteoftheneartorment(i.e.thetormentinthelifeofthisworld,i.e.
disasters,calamities,etc.)priortothesupremetorment(intheHereafter),inorderthattheymay(repentand)return(i.e.accept
Islm). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Verily,theAbrr(thepiousbelieversofIslamicMonotheism)willbe
inDelight(Paradise) Andverily,theFujjr(thewicked,disbelievers,polytheists,sinnersandevildoers)willbeintheblazingFire
(Hell),

SomescholarsofTafsir(theexegesisoftheQur'an)saidthatthisAyahincludestheconditionsofthe
righteousandthewrongdoersinthislifeandintheHereafter.Believersliveinhappinessinthislife,inthe
grave,andintheHereaftereveniftheyareaffectedinthislifewithallkindsoftroubles,suchaspovertyand
illness.Wrongdoersliveinpaininthislife,inthegraveandtheHereaftereveniftheyalreadyliveinlimitless
easeinthislife.Thisisbecauserealhappinessandeasearethoseoftheheart.Believers,whodependon
Allah,aresatisfiedwithHim,fulfillHisRightsandaretruthfultoHisPromise,havepeaceofmind,andfeel
delightedandsatisfied.Incontrast,wrongdoerswithevilorientedhearts,ignorance,doubt,andnegligence
oftheRightsofAllahandareoccupiedwiththemattersoflifeanditsdesiresliveincontinuouspain,worry
andhardship.Yet,followingwhimsandinclinationsmakesthemindblindsothatitdoesnotthinkofthis.

O,Muslims!Payattentiontowhatyouhavebeencreatedfor,namelyworshipingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)and
obeyingHim,andcomprehendandadheretothisuntilyoumeetyourLord(ExaltedbeHe)togaineternal
happinessandremainsafefromthetormentofHellfire.

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Verily,thosewhosay:"OurLordisAllh(Alone),"andthentheystandfirm,onthemtheangelswill
descend(atthetimeoftheirdeath)(saying):"Fearnot,norgrieve!ButreceivethegladtidingsofParadisewhichyouhavebeen
promised! "Wehavebeenyourfriendsinthelifeofthisworldandare(so)intheHereafter.Thereinyoushallhave(all)thatyour
innerselvesdesire,andthereinyoushallhave(all)forwhichyouask. "Anentertainmentfrom(Allh),theOftForgiving,Most
Merciful."

(PartNo:5,PageNo:100)

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Verily,thosewhosay:"OurLordis(only)Allh,"andthereafterstandfirmandstraightonthe
IslmicFaithofMonotheism,onthemshallbenofear,norshalltheygrieve. SuchshallbethedwellersofParadise,abidingtherein
(forever)arewardforwhattheyusedtodo.

WeinvokeAllah(ExaltedbeHe)toplaceallofusamongthosepeopleandprotectusfromtheevilsof
ourselvesandourmisdeeds.Indeed,HeisOmnipotentoverallthings.MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbe
uponHisservantandMessenger,ourProphetMuhammad,hisHousehold,andCompanions!

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CausesofMuslimWeaknessBeforeEnemiesandMeansofTreatment

(PartNo:5,PageNo:101)

AllPraiseisduetoAllah,theLordofalltheWorldsandthegoodendshallbeforthepious.Peaceand
blessingsbeuponHisservant,Messenger,andtrusteeonHisrevelationourProphet,leaderandMaster
Muhammadibn`Abdullahibn`AbdulMuttalib,hisfamily,Companions,thosewhofollowhispath,andare
guidedbyhisSunnahuntiltheDayofRecompense.ToCommence:

Islamicthinkers,leaders,andpioneershavegivengreatattentiontothestatusofMuslimsandtheircurrent
conditions.

Theyhavebeengreatlyoccupiedwiththismatter,ponderingonthecausesofMuslims'weakness,and
declinebeforetheirenemy,theirscatteringanddifferenceandinthereasonswhytheirenemiesare
victoriousoverthemtotheextentthattheyoccupiedsomeoftheircountries.

Aftertheyhadidentifiedthereasons,indeedtheyareobvious,theyconsideredtheproperwaysfordealing
withthesecausesthatbroughtaboutdeclineandweaknessthatarealsoknown.Suchcausesmustbemade
public,becausethediagnosisofadiseaseandthengivingmedicineisoneofthegreatestreasonsfor
recoveryandgoodhealth.

Whenasickpersonrecognizeshissicknessandknowsthemedicine,heshouldhastentotakethemedicine.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:102)

Thisisthenatureofareasonablepersonwholoveslifeanddesirestogetridofsicknessesbeinginterested
inidentifyingthediseaseandtryingtoknowthemedicine.

Somepeoplemaybeovercomebydiseasetotheextentthattheymaybecontentwithitandtheirfeelings
die.Thus,theydonotcarewhodescribedthemedicineforthem,assicknessbecomesapartoftheirnature
withwhichtheyfeelcomfortableandcontent.Thisisattributedtothedeclinationoftheirmood,the
weaknessoftheirinsight,andthedominanceoffancyontheirminds,heartsandbehavior,asisthecase
withmanypeopleregardingtheirreligionrelatedmaladiesandcures.

Theyaresatisfiedwiththeirsicknessesandtheirevildeedsthathaveweakenedthem,paralyzedtheir
movements,andmadethemfeelnosickness,unawareoftheultimateconsequences,andneglectfultoseek
thecureevenifitisdescribedtothem.Thisisbecausetheydonotcareanddiseasescontrolthem,atatime
whentheyareindifferent.

Farsightedscholars,thinkers,andexpertshaveexplainedthecausesofMuslimweaknessanddeclineand
themeansforcure,ifproperlyadopted.

ThecausesofweaknessanddeclineandthesuperiorityoftheenemiesovertheMuslimsareduetoamain
reasonwithsomanybadconsequences,namely,ignoranceignoranceofAllah(ExaltedbeHe),Hisreligion,
andtheconsequenceswhichcontrolmostpeopleandleadtolackofknowledgeandthespreadofignorance.

Ignoranceiscausedbymanyfactors,suchasloveofthisworldandhatingdeath,

(PartNo:5,PageNo:103)

abandoningSalah(prayer),seekingdesires,neglectofpreparingforone'senemies,contentmentwith
receivingtheirneedsfromtheirenemies,andweakspiritualenergyinproducingtheirownneedsfromthe
wealthoftheircountriesthatleadstodivision,indifference,disunity,andlackofcooperation.

Thisisduetotheseseriouscausesandconsequences:weaknessbeforetheenemy,declineineverything,
pursuitofprohibiteddesires,preoccupationwiththingsthatdivertpeoplefromAllah'spathandguidance,
andfailuretobepreparedfortheenemyinindustryandarmamenttorepeltheenemiesofAllahandprotect
people,religion,andhomeland.

Thisdiseaseresultedinseekingtheworldbyeverymeansandcollectingitwitheveryreason.Everyone
caresonlyforhimselfandhiscountryevenifthisresultsinthelossofwholeormostofhisreligion.

ThisistheconditionofthemajorityofpeopleandMuslimcountries.Itismorelikelytosaythatthisisthe
reality,eventhoughtherearesomepreparationsandprecautions,buttheyarenotperfect.

TheproofthatthemostheinouscauseistheignoranceofAllah(ExaltedbeHe),Hisreligionandtherealities
whichaMuslimshouldholdfasttoandapply,isthesayingoftheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim),
IfAllahwantstodogoodtoaperson,Hemakeshimcomprehendthereligion. (RelatedbyAlBukhariandMuslimintheirtwo
Sahihs(authentic)BooksofHadith).TherearealsosomeAyahsandHadithsinthesamecontextindicating
thebadconsequencesofignoranceanditsend.TheQur'anisfullofwarningsagainstignoranceandthe www.ircpk.com
ignorant.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:104)

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: butmostofthembehaveignorantly. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: andmostofthem


havenounderstanding. InadditiontootherAyahsindicatingdispraiseofignoranceofAllah(ExaltedbeHe),His
religion,theenemies,andtheequipmentweshouldprepare,suchasarmament,unityandcooperation.Asa
resultofignoranceanddivisiondifferences,seekingdesiresandneglectingone'sobligationstoAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)andfailuretothinkoforworkfortheHereaftersincerelyfollowed.Mostpeoplecareforthis
worldasmentionedintheAyah: Not[asyouthink,thatyou(mankind)willnotberesurrectedandrecompensedforyour
deeds],butyou(men)lovethepresentlifeofthisworld, AndneglecttheHereafter. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
alsosays: Thenforhimwhotransgressedallbounds,(indisbelief,oppressionandevildeedsofdisobediencetoAllh). And
preferredthelifeofthisworld(byfollowinghisevildesiresandlusts), Verily,hisabodewillbeHellfire

Asaresultofignorance,thesecalamitiesandbadconsequencesemerge,suchaslovingtheworld,hatredof
death,seekingdesires,abandoningobligations,neglectingSalahandlackingpreparationfortheenemyby
allmeans,nottomentiondivision,difference,disunityandlackofcooperation.

TheProphet'ssaying: IfAllahwantstodogoodtoaperson,Hemakeshimcomprehendthereligion indicatesthatthesign


ofgoodnessandhappinesstoindividuals,peopleandstateistounderstandreligionbecauseunderstanding
religionknowingitsteachings,andperceptionofwhattheyshoulddosoonerorlaterisoneofthemost
importantdutiesofMuslimsandasignthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)destinedgoodnessforthem.

UnderstandingreligionalsomeansbesidespreparingoneselffortheenemiesfulfillingAllah'sduties,
abstainingfromHisprohibitions

(PartNo:5,PageNo:105)

andabidingbyHisboundaries.

ItalsomeansthatMuslimcountriesmusthaveindustry,equipment,andpowersoasnottotakeourneeds
fromourenemiesandsothatourenemieswillbeafraidofus.Thisalsohelpspreparepeoplephysically.
Welfareshouldbeabandoned,becauseitweakensheartsanddiscouragesMuslimsfromfightingthe
enemies.

UnderstandingreligiongivesenoughknowledgeoftheHereafter,Paradise,andthegreatblisstherein.It
alsogivesinformationaboutHell,itstormentandthetypesoftorturethereininordertoreviveandurgethe
heartstoseektheHereafter,abandonworldlymatters,preparefortheenemy,andseekthewaysofJihad
andmartyrdomintheCauseofAllah.

UnderstandingreligionprovidestherulersandtheruledwithfullactivitytofulfillwhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
desiresandtostayawayfromallthingsthatentailHiswrath.Italsogivestheheartsthedesiretobeunited
withtherestoftheMuslims,tocooperatewiththemagainsttheenemy,toestablishtheordinancesofAllah,
torulebyHisShari`ahandtoabidebyHisboundaries.Italsoleadstocooperationtofulfillthedutiesof
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisservants.Usefulknowledgeexhortstowork,cooperation,advisingone
anotherandcooperationingoodness.Italsogivesthemkeennessonperformingobligatoryacts,keeping
awayfromforbiddenacts,longingfortheHereafter,nothatingdeathintheCauseofAllah,Jihadinthe
CauseofAllah,fightingtheenemiesandrestoringtheirrights.

Throughknowledge,soulsandpropertiesarecheapmeanstobringaboutthepleasureofAllah(Exaltedbe
He),makethewordsofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)superior,saveMuslimsfromthedominanceoftheirenemy,
savetheirownselvesfromallkindsoftrials,savetheweakfromthecontroloftheirenemies,

(PartNo:5,PageNo:106)

keepMuslimssafeandpreservetheirrightsagainsttheircountries.Ifignoranceprevails,theserights,
benefits,information,altruismandsacrificingofsoulsandpropertyforthesakeofthetruthwillbelost.A
poetsaid:

Whatcanenemiestakefroman beyondwhattheignoranttakes
ignorant fromhisself

Ignoranceisanincurablediseasecausingdeathofheartandfeelings,weakeningthebodyandpower,and
makingtheignorantonlycarefortheirlustsanddesiressuchasthedesireforhousesandclothing.The
heart,feelings,andinsightoftheignoranthavebecomeweak,sothereisnothingbeyondtheircurrent
desireandurgentneedstolookforwardto.ItisreportedintheHadithwhichwasrecordedbyImamAhmad
andotherswithagoodchainofnarrationfromThawban(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thattheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said: Thepeoplewillsoonsummononeanothertoattackyouaspeoplewheneatingtheyinviteothersto
sharetheirfood.Someoneasked:Willthatbebecauseofoursmallnumbersatthattime?Hereplied:No,atthattime,youwillbe
numerous:butyouwillbescumandrubbishlikethatcarrieddownbyatorrent,andAllahwilltakeoutthefearofyoufromthe
breastsofyourenemyandthrowWahnintoyourhearts.Someoneasked:WhatisWahn,OMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim):
Hereplied:Loveoftheworldanddislikeofdeath.

TheweaknessmentionedintheHadithcomesaresultofignorance,whichturnsthemintoworthlesspeople www.ircpk.com
likethefoamoftheseapeopledonothaveinsight.

WeaknesscontrolledthemandsettledintheirheartsandtheycannotseekhighstatussuchasJihadinthe
CauseofAllahandmakingHisWordsuperiorbecauseoftheirloveoftheworld.Thisdiscouragedthem
fromseekingahighstatusorseekingJihadbecausetheyfeartomissoutonattainingthesedesires.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:107)

Ignorancepushedthemforwardtomiserlinessinordernottospendtheirwealthexceptonthesedesires
andmadethemlosegreatrighteouseffectiveleadership,whichdoesnotcareforanythingexcepttomake
theWordofAllahsuperiorandMuslimsdominantovertheirenemiesinordertopreservethereligion,
maintainandmakeitsuperior,andprotectMuslimcountries,lives,andoffspringfromtheirenemies.

Ignorancecausesseriousdamageandbadconsequences,suchasthehumiliationofMuslimsbeforetheir
enemiesanddescribingthemasthefoamoftheseaastheProphet(peacebeuponhim)explained.The
reasonforthisisthattheenemiesdonotfearMuslims.

Enemiesfearpower,activity,highspiritualpower,andsacrificeforprinciples.Whentheenemiesseethat
theiropponentdoesnothavethisspiritualpowerbutonlycaresforhisowndesires,theygivethemmore
untiltheirpowercollapsesandtheirattentionisdrivenawayfromfightingthembyengagingintheworld
andseekingitspleasures.

WeaknesscontrolledtheheartsexceptthosewhomAllah(ExaltedbeHe)saved.Theenemiesdonotcarefor
usoreventreatusjustlybecausetheyknowthattheyhavenopower,jealousy,patience,powertohelp
themtofightandthattheydonotpreparethemselvesforthis.Therefore,theenemiesdespisetheMuslims,
donotcareforthemandtreatthemlikeamasterwhotreatshisslave.Theyarekeentoseektheirdesiresby
allpossiblemeans,theytakecautionagainstdeath,andtheyarekeentocurethemselvesagainstalldiseases
forfearofdeath

(PartNo:5,PageNo:108)

andarekeennottotakesomethingthatmaycausedeathinordernottoleavethesedesires.

WhoeverdesirestheHereafterandwishestomaketheWordofAllahprevailandfightforHisSake,mustnot
beinsuchaweakcondition.Wehaveagoodexampleintherighteouspredecessorswhowereatthetimeof
theProphet(peacebeuponhim),thetimeofhisSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet)andthosewho
followedtheirpathofJihad,preparedthemselvesforitandboreharmtomaketheWordofAllahprevail.
TheyfoughtinHiscausetosavethenationfromthehandsofenemiesbymeansofpatience,forbearance,
Jihad,altruism,spendingwealthintheCauseofAllah,trainingforJihad,pursuingtheHereafter,fightingthe
enemies,cooperatingwitheachother,beingunitedtomaketheWordofAllahsuperiorandsavingthe
Muslimsfromtheirenemies.

Whenweknowthediseasei.e.ignorance,aswehaveelaborated,thedutyistocureitwithuseful
knowledgewhichtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)brought.Therearefewpeoplewhocaretopreparefor
theenemyinorderthatthestatecouldfindasubstitutefortheproductsimportedfromtheenemies.

Thediseaseisclear.Itiscomposedofseveraldiseasesthatarealltheresultofignoranceandnegligence
untildeathbecomesdreadful,theworldisdesired,andJihadisaterribleghostandonlyfewpeopleoptfor
it.Thetargethasbecome,nottomaketheWordofAllahprevail,buttofightfornationalism,patriotismor
foranythingotherthanraisingtheWordofAllah(Islam)

(PartNo:5,PageNo:109)

andeliminatingoppositecalls.Preparationisweakandtargetsareawayfromtherightpath.Thepathof
successandprogressagainsttheenemyliesinseekingusefulknowledge,understandingthereligion,caring
forwhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)desires,observingHisobligations,turningawayfromHisprohibitions,
sincerelyrepentingtoHimfromprevioussinsandnegligence,establishingfullcooperationbetweentheState
andthepeopleoverthecommandsofAllahandHisMessenger,abstainingfromtheirprohibitionsandbeing
prepared.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Andmakereadyagainstthemallyoucanofpower

TheremustbephysicalandmaterialpreparationinordertobeselfsufficientwithwhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
hasgrantedusandnottoseektheproductsoftheenemies.Thisisbecausefightingenemieswiththemeans
theyproduceisverydifficult.Whatwillyoudoiftheenemydeniesyouaccesstosuchmeans,notto
mentionlackofinsightandknowledge?

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Itisnecessarytobeinastateofreadinessasmuchastheycan.ThisissufficientforMuslimssolongastheyintendtodispensewith
theirenemy,goforJihad(fighting/strivingintheCauseofAllah),savetheircountries,bewillingtoestablishtheCommandofAllah,
andgaintheHereafteraccordingtotheirability.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andmakereadyagainstthemallyoucanof
power Hedoesnotsaytomakereadyagainstthempowerequaltotheir,forthismaynotbepossible.

IfMuslimsaresincere,united,preparingallwhattheycanofpoweragainsttheirenemiesandsupport
A l l a hsReligion,He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)willhelp,assistthemandmakethemtriumphantoverthe
enemy.Allah,whoisHonestinHisSayingandPromise,says:

(PartNo:5,PageNo:110)

Oyouwhobelieve!Ifyouhelp(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,andmakeyourfootholdfirm. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)is
notdisableorinneedofpeoplehowever,HetriesHisrighteousServantswithevilones,inordertodiscern
thetrustfulandtheliarandtotesttheMujahid(onestriving/fightingintheCauseofAllah)andtheone
seekingsalvation.Undoubtedly,AllahisAbletosupportHisalliesanddestroyHisenemieswithoutwarand
Jihadorpreparation.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Thus[youareorderedbyAllhtocontinueincarryingoutJihdagainst
thedisbelieverstilltheyembraceIslmandaresavedfromthepunishmentintheHellfireoratleastcomeunderyourprotection],but
ifithadbeenAllhsWill,HeHimselfcouldcertainlyhavepunishedthem(withoutyou).But(Heletsyoufight)inordertotestsomeof
youwithothers.

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)saysinSurah(Qur'anicchapter)AlAnfalaboutthestoryoftheBattleofBadr: Allhmadeit
onlyasgladtidings,andthatyourheartsbeatresttherewith. Itmeanssupportingthemwithangels.He(Glorifiedbe
He)alsosays: AndthereisnovictoryexceptfromAllh,theAllMighty,theAllWise. InSurahAl`Imran,He(Exaltedbe
He)says: Allhmadeitnotbutasamessageofgoodnewsforyouandasanassurancetoyourhearts.Andthereisnovictory
exceptfromAllh,theAllMighty,theAllWise. VictoryisfromAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),butHemakesthe
provisionwithangels,arms,money,andlargearmiesasmeansofvictory,gladtidingsandassurancebut
victoryisnotdependantonthis.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Howoftenasmallgroupovercameamightyhostby
AllhsLeave?AndAllhiswithAsSbirn(thepatient).

OntheBattleofBadr,theMuslimswereoverthreehundredandtenmen.Theyonlyhadfewarmsandriding
animals.ItissaidthattherewereonlyaboutseventycamelsandtheMuslimsusedtoridethemtakingturns.
Theyhadfewweapons

(PartNo:5,PageNo:111)

theyhadonlytwohorses.Meanwhile,thearmyoftheKafirs(disbelievers)wasaboutonethousand,and
theyhadmightyandnumerousarms.WhenAllah(ExaltedbeHe)willedtodefeatthem,Hedidandtheir
mightyarmydidnotbenefitthem.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)achievedthevictoryoftheonethousandmanarmy
atthehandsofoverthreehundredandtenmen.ByAllah'sHelpandSupport,Muslimsachievedvictoryand
capturedseventyoftheKafirs,killedanotherseventyanddefeatedtherest.AllthiswaspartofAllah'sSigns
andVictory.

IntheBattleofAlAhzab,theKafirsinvadedMadinahwithtenthousandfightersfromQurayshandothertribes.
Theybesieged A lMadinahandtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)builtAlKhandaq(TheTrench),whichwasofthe
meansofmaterialvictory.TheysetAlMadinahundersiege,thenAllah(ExaltedbeHe)removedthemwithout
fightHecastterrorintotheirheartsandsentdownwindsandforces(angels)fromHimtilltheywere
indecisiveandwithdrewfrustratedtotheircountryduetoAllah'sHelpandSupport.Theywereletdownand
didnotinvadetheProphet(peacebeuponhim)inAlMadinah.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)invaded
themontheBattleofAlHudaybiyyah,whenthewellknownpeacetreatytookplace.ThentheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)invadedtheminRamadanin8A.H.whenAllah(ExaltedbeHe)grantedhimvictoryinthe
conquestofMakkah.PeopleenteredAllah'sreligion(Islam)incrowds.

WhatismeantisthatvictoryisattheHandsofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).Allah(ExaltedbeHe)is
theSupporterofHisSlavesbutHeorderspeopletotakethemeansleadingtoit.Thegreatestmeansis
obeyingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).Obedienceinvolvesgaining
knowledgeofthereligiontolearntheRuleandShari`ahofAllahwithrespecttoyourself,others,striving
againstyourenemy,preparingyourselvestofaceyourenemy,giveuptheactsthatAllahforbids,carryout
theObligationsofAllah,observetheLimitsofAllah,cooperatewithyourMuslimbrothers,sacrificewhatis
dearandvaluablefortheSakeofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)andsupportingHisReligionand
makingtheWordofAllahtheuppermost,notfortheSakeofpeople,acountry,ornationalism.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:112)

ThisisthewaytoachievetriumphovertheenemybylearningtheShari`ahandgainingknowledgeabout
theReligionofAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Allthisshouldbeundertakenbytherulersandtheruled.Moreover,
weshouldactuponthisandgiveupwhatAllahprohibited.Hesays: Verily,Allhwillnotchangethe(good)condition
ofapeopleaslongastheydonotchangetheirstate(ofgoodness)themselves(bycommittingsinsandbybeingungratefuland
disobedienttoAllh).ButwhenAllhwillsapeoplespunishment,therecanbenoturningbackofit,andtheywillfindbesidesHimno
protector. SowhoeverwantstoattainAllah'sVictory,SupportandmakeHisWordSuperiorshouldbethefirst
www.ircpk.com
togiveuphissinsandallthatviolatesAllah'sCommandment.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Allh
haspromisedthoseamongyouwhobelieveanddorighteousgooddeeds,thatHewillcertainlygrantthemsuccessionto(thepresent
rulers)intheland,asHegrantedittothosebeforethem,andthatHewillgrantthemtheauthoritytopractisetheirreligionwhichHe
haschosenforthem(i.e.Islm).AndHewillsurelygivetheminexchangeasafesecurityaftertheirfear(provided)they(believers)
worshipMeanddonotassociateanything(inworship)withMe. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)doesnotsaythatHepromises
thosewhobelongtoQurayshortheArabsorthosewhobuildpalacesandextractoil,etc.Rather,Hemakes
thejudgmentdependantontrueIman(Faith/belief)andrighteousdeeds,whetherthepeopleareArabsor
nonArabs.

Thesearethemeansofvictoryandrulingonearth.ItisnotArabismorthelike,butrathertrueImanin
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)andrighteousdeeds.

Thisistheconditionofvictory.Whoeverfollowstherightwaywillbegrantedauthority,sovereigntyover
earth,andvictoryovertheenemies.Whoeverviolatesthiswillnotbegrantedvictory,safetyorpower.A
KafirmaybegrantedvictoryoveraKafir,acriminalmaybetriumphantoveracriminalandahypocritemay
besupportedagainstahypocrite.However,thevictoryassuredandpromisedbyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)toHis
believingslavesovertheirenemiesistobeachievedafterabidingbytheconditionsandthecharacteristics
setoutbyAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)trueIman

(PartNo:5,PageNo:113)

andrighteousdeeds.

ThisincludessupportingtheReligionofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)whosays: Verily,AllhwillhelpthosewhohelpHis
(Cause).Truly,AllhisAllStrong,AllMighty. Those(Muslimrulers)who,ifWegivethempowerintheland,(they)enjoinIqamat
a sSalt[i.e.toperformthefivecompulsorycongregationalSalt(prayers)(themalesinmosques)],topaytheZaktandtheyenjoin
A lM a rf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbidAlMunkar(i.e.disbelief,polytheismandallthat
Islmhasforbidden)[i.e.theymaketheQurnasthelawoftheircountryinallthespheresoflife]. Thisishowtosupportthe
ReligionofAllah(ExaltedbeHe).HewhoenjoinstheMa`ruf(thatwhichisjudgedasgood,beneficial,or
fittingbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)andforbidstheMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableor
disapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)istherebysupportingtheReligionofAllah,for
thisentailscarryingouttheObligationsofAllahandforsakingHisprohibitions.He(ExaltedbeHe)says: You
[truebelieversinIslmicMonotheism,andrealfollowersofProphetMuhammad)andhisSunnah]arethebestof
peopleseverraisedupformankindyouenjoinAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmhasordained)andforbidAl
Munkar(polytheism,disbeliefandallthatIslmhasforbidden),andyoubelieveinAllh. He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Let
thereariseoutofyouagroupofpeopleinvitingtoallthatisgood(Islm),enjoiningAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthat
Islmordersonetodo)andforbiddingAlMunkar(polytheismanddisbeliefandallthatIslmhasforbidden).Anditistheywhoare
thesuccessful. Thepeopleofsuccess,victoryandagoodendarethosewhodorighteousdeeds,enjointhe
Ma`ruf,forbidtheMunkar,establishSalah(Prayer),payZakah(obligatorycharity)andsupportAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).TheyarereferredtoinHisSaying(ExaltedbeHe): and(asfor)thebelievers,itwas
incumbentuponUstohelp(them). Theremedyisclearbutwhowantsitandwhomakesuseofit?Thisistheduty
ofrulers,scholars,anddignitarieseverywhereandinallIslamiccountriesoncetheyaretrustworthyin
callingforIslam,establishingSalah,payingZakah,enjoiningtheMa`ruf,forbiddingtheMunkar,
comprehendingreligion,reformingschoolcurriculums,cooperatingandunitingagainsttheenemies,
observingsincerityforAllahwithregardtodeeds,andperformingthemwithtrust,andhopingforthe
rewardintheHereafter.

Inthisway,theywilldeservevictoryandsupportfromAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)aswasthecase

(PartNo:5,PageNo:114)

withtheSalaf(righteouspredecessors).Inthenearpast,therewastheImamandMujaddid(arevivalist
Muslimscholar),(Muhammadibn`AbdulWahhab)inthetwelfthcenturyA.H.Onseeingthespreadof
ignorance,suspendofShari`ah,rarityofcallerstoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),anddivisionofthe
peopleofthePeninsulaintosmallstateswithoutknowledgeorguidance,

heassumedthecalltoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),warnedpeopleagainstthedangerthatwas
befallingthemandsoughttounitethemonAlHaqq(theTruth)andunderoneleaderwhowouldestablish
theCommandmentofAllahandstriveforHisCause.He(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)sought
assiduouslytocalltoAllah(ExaltedbeHe),contactedrulersandwrotebookletsonTawhid(beliefinthe
OnenessofAllah/monotheism),judgingaccordingtoAllah'sShari'ah(Islamiclaw)andavoidingShirk
(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship).Hewaspatient,hopedfortherewardfromAllah,
studiedandcomprehendedthereligionatthehandsoftopshaykhs.Then,hecontinuedcallingforAllah,
strivingforHisCauseandunitingpeoplefirstinHuraymila',theninAl`Uyaynah,thentoAlDir`iyyahwhere
MuhammadibnSaud(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)pledgedallegiancetostrivefortheCauseofAllahand
establishAllah'sCommand.Theyfaithfullycooperatedinstriving,despitetheirweakness,tillAllah(Exalted
beHe)supportedthemandgrantedthemvictory.ThentheypronouncedTawhidandcalledpeopletoAl
HaqqandguidedthemtojudgebytheShari'ahofAllahwithrespecttoallpeople'saffairs.Duetotheir
faithfulness,seekingAllah'sHelp,andhavinggoodintention,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)supportedandaided
them.Theirreportsareknowntowhoeverhaslittleinsight.

Afteraperiodofindeterminationanddivision,King`Abdul`Aziz(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)undertook
theaffairsandwaskeentoseektheHelpofAllah,andthenofthescholars,believersandinsightfulpeople.
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)supportedandaidedhimandunitedtheMuslimsintheArabianpeninsulaonjudging
accordingtotheShari`ahofAllahandonJihad,tillmatterssettleddownandthePeninsulaunited(from
northtosouthandfromeasttowest)onAlHaqqandguidancebymeansoftrustfulness,Jihad,andmaking www.ircpk.com
theWordofAllahsuperior.WhatIwanttosayisthattherearesomanyexamples.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:115)

Likewise,thestoryofSalahAlDinAlAyyubyisfamousandsoisthatofMahmudZynky.Tosumup,sincetheSalaf
weretrueintheirJihadatthetimeoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andafterthat,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)
honoredandmadethemhighinrankandtheyunderminedthetwogreatempiresofthetimetheEmpireof
PersiaandtheRomanempiresinAlSham(TheLevant)anditssurroundings.Whentheirsuccessorswerealso
trustfulintheirbelief,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)grantedthemvictoryasarewardfortheirtrustfulnessand
cooperationinmakingtheWordofAllahsuperior.However,atdifferenttimes,trustfulandsincerepeople
mayriseandAllah(ExaltedbeHe)helpsthemtriumphovertheirenemy,thankstotheirsincerity,
assiduousnessandsacrifice.

ItisAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)WhosupportedthoseinthepastanditisHeWhowillsupportothers
inthefuture.HesupportshewhosupportsHimanddisappointshewhodisappointsHim.Allah(Exaltedbe
He)says: IsnotAllhSufficientforHisslave? Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: ButifyouremainpatientandbecomeAl
Muttaqn[thepiousSeeV.2:2],nottheleastharmwilltheircunningdotoyou. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: How
oftenasmallgroupovercameamightyhostbyAllhsLeave?AndAllhiswithAsSbirn(thepatient).

Themisfortuneiswithinus,asAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andwhateverofmisfortunebefallsyou,itis
becauseofwhatyourhandshaveearned.AndHepardonsmuch.(SeetheQurnVerse35:45). Misfortuneistheproductof
Muslims'weakness,laziness,ignorance,favoringtheworldlylife,lovingthislife,hatingdeath,givingupthe
obligationsofAllah,abandoningSalah,pursuinglusts,leaningforbiddenactsandimmoralsongsthatspoil
heartsandmorals.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:116)

BecauseofthisandthelikeAllah(ExaltedbeHe)givespowertotheenemyovertheMuslims.Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndwhenWedecidetodestroyatown(population),We(first)sendadefiniteorder(to
obeyAllhandberighteous)tothoseamongthem[orWe(first)increaseinnumberthoseofitspopulation]wholeadalifeofluxury.
Then,theytransgresstherein,andthustheword(oftorment)isjustifiedagainstit(them).ThenWedestroyitwithcomplete
destruction.

WeaskAllahtograntusandallMuslimsandtheirrulersTawbah(repentancetoAllah),Istiqamah
(integrity),cooperationinpiety,righteousness,andmakingreadyagainsttheenemy,comprehensionof
religion,patiencewithwhatpleasesAllahandagainstwhatbringsHisAnger.WealsoaskAllah(Glorifiedbe
He)toprotectusfrommisleadingtemptationsandcausesofwhatdispleasesHimandtosupportHis
Religion,makeHisWordsuperior,letdownHisenemies,uniteMuslimsonAlHaqqandguidance,correct
theMuslimrulersandgranttheminsight.HeisAllHearer,EverNear.MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbe
uponourmaster,Muhammad,hisfamilyandCompanions!

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TheDutyofYouth

(PartNo:5,PageNo:117)

PraisebetoAllah.MaypeaceandblessingsbeuponHisMessenger,hisfamily,his
Companions,andthosefollowhisexampleandguidanceuntiltheDayofJudgment!

IthankAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)forblessinguswithmeetingbrothersinAllahand
ourdearsons.IaskAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)toblessthisgatheringandhelpus
benefitfromitandsetarightourheartsanddeedsforHe(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)is
BountifulandGenerous.Iwouldliketothankthoseinchargeofthiscenterforinvitingmeto
thismeeting.IaskAllahtodoubletheirrewardandmakeus,you,andthemofthosewho
guideandarerightlyguided!Heisthebesttobeinvoked!

Briefly,wewilldiscussthetopicof"Thedutyofyouth"

ItisknownthatAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)createdmanandJinn(creaturescreated
fromfire)toworshipHimAlonewithoutpartners.Hesentthemessengers(peacebeupon
them)toinvitepeopletoworshipHim,clarifythisgloriousmatter,guidethemtothe
goodness,andwarnagainstevil.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)states, AndI(Allh)creatednotthejinnand
mankindexceptthattheyshouldworshipMe(Alone). Iseeknotanyprovisionfromthem(i.e.provisionforthemselvesorforMy
creatures)nordoIaskthattheyshouldfeedMe(i.e.feedthemselvesorMycreatures). Verily,AllhistheAllProvider,Ownerof
Power,theMostStrong.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)createdmanandjinntoworshipHimalonewithout
partners.ItisHewhoprovidesRizq(sustenance)andisnotinneedofanyofHiscreatures.He
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)istheAllProvider.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:118)

TheywerecreatedtoworshiptheirLordglorifying,surrendering,andsubmittingtoHimby
carryingoutHiscommandsandavoidingHisprohibitionsdevotedly,sincerely,and
optimistically.WorshipistoobeyAllahandHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)bydoingHis
commandsandrefrainingfromtheprohibitionshumblyandsubmissivelyfortheloveofAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)hopingforAllah's
rewardandwarningagainstHis(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)punishment.

Themessengers(peacebeuponhim)detailedandexplainedthemannerofworshippingAllah
throughtherevelationsthatclarifyHiscommandsandprohibitions.Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)states, Indeed,WehavesentOurMessengerswithclearproofs,andrevealedwiththemtheScriptureand
theBalance(justice)thatmankindmaykeepupjustice. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndWehavesentdownto
youtheBook(theQuran)asanexpositionofeverything,aguidance,amercy,andgladtidingsforthosewhohavesubmitted
themselves(toAllhasMuslims). Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andverily,WehavesentamongeveryUmmah
(community,nation)aMessenger(proclaiming):WorshipAllh(Alone),andavoid(orkeepawayfrom)Tght(allfalsedeitiesi.e.
donotworshipTghtbesidesAllh). Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndWedidnotsendanyMessengerbefore
you(OMuhammad)butWerevealedtohim(saying):LilhaillaAna[nonehastherighttobeworshippedbutI
(Allh)],soworshipMe(Aloneandnoneelse)." Itisobligatoryuponjinnandman,malesandfemales,
youngandold,toworshipHimAloneobeyingHimbydoingwhateverHeordersandrefraining
fromwhateverHeprohibitsaccordingtowhatthemessengers(peacebeuponthem)
conveyed.

ItiswellknownthatMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)istheMessengersenttothisUmmah
(nation).Allahsenthimto

(PartNo:5,PageNo:119)

thisUmmahinparticularandmadehimthesealoftheprophets.Thereweremany
messengersbeforehimwhoweresenttotheirpeopleinparticular.However,ourProphet
Muhammad(peacebeuponhim)wassenttomankind.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)states, AndWehave
notsentyou(OMuhammad)exceptasagiverofgladtidingsandawarnertoallmankind Allah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Say(OMuhammad):"Omankind!Verily,Iamsenttoyouallasthe
MessengerofAllh Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Muhammad()isnotthefatherofanyofyour
men,butheistheMessengerofAllhandthelast(end)oftheProphets. ItisreportedinaHadithMutawatir(a
Hadithreportedbyasignificantnumberofnarratorsthroughoutthechainofnarration,whose
agreementuponalieisimpossible)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated, "Iamthesealof
prophetsandthereisnoprophetafterme." Scholarsunanimouslyagreethatheisthesealoftheprophets
andmessengers,andtherewillbenoprophetormessengerafterhim.
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Therefore,AllahmadehismessageforallArabsandnonArabs,jinnandman,malesand
females,black,white,orred.Thereisnodifferencebetweenthem.Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)states, Say(OMuhammad):"Omankind!Verily,IamsenttoyouallastheMessenger
ofAllh Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndWehavenotsentyou(OMuhammad)exceptasa
giverofgladtidingsandawarnertoallmankind

ItisreportedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)that
theProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated, EveryMessengerwassentespeciallytohisownpeople,whereasIhave
beensenttoallpeople. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)states, AndWehavesentyou(OMuhammad):not
butasamercyfortheAlamn(mankind,jinnandallthatexists). Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: BlessedbeHeWho
sentdownthecriterion(ofrightandwrong,i.e.thisQurn)toHisslave(Muhammad)thathemaybeawarnerto
theAlamn(mankindandjinn). i.e.allofthem.

ItisobligatoryuponmanandJinntoobeytheMessenger(peacebeuponhim),followhis
path,andholdfasttohiswaybyourwords,deeds,andbeliefs.Weshouldlovehimsincerly
morethanself,family,andallpeople.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:120)

Thus,aservantprovessuccessfulandissavedinthislifeandintheHereafter.Hewillalso
haveeternalhappinessandagoodend.Allahstates, Sothosewhobelieveinhim(Muhammad
),honourhim,helphim,andfollowthelight(theQurn)whichhasbeensentdownwithhim,itistheywhowillbesuccessful.
Whoeverbelieveshim,followshispath,andobeyshislawswillprovesuccessful.Whoever
lovesAllahandHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)sincerlywillbehappyinthisworldlylife
andintheHereafter.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)states, Say(OMuhammad
tomankind):"Ifyou(really)loveAllhthenfollowme(i.e.acceptIslmicMonotheism,followtheQurnandtheSunnah),Allhwill
loveyouandforgiveyouyoursins.

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsostates, thelimits(setby)Allh(orordainmentsasregardslawsofinheritance),and
whosoeverobeysAllhandHisMessenger(Muhammad)willbeadmittedtoGardensunderwhichriversflow(in
Paradise),toabidetherein,andthatwillbethegreatsuccess. AndwhosoeverdisobeysAllhandHisMessenger(Muhammad
),andtransgressesHislimits,HewillcasthimintotheFire,toabidethereinandheshallhaveadisgracefultorment.
TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated, "AllmypeoplewillenterParadise,exceptthosewhorefuse.They(his
Companions)said,OMessengerofAllah!Whowillrefuse?Hesaid,WhoeverobeysmewillenterParadise,andwhoeverdisobeys
hasrefused. (RelatedbyImamAlBukhariinhisSahih(authentic)BookofHadith)

ItisobligatoryuponeveryMukallaf(personsmeetingtheconditionstobeheldlegally
accountablefortheiractions)maleorfemale,youngorold,jinnorman,ArabornonArab,to
worshipandobeyAllahaloneandfollowHisShari`ah(Islamiclaw)andHisMessenger(peace
beuponhim).

ItistherightofAllahtoworshipHimalonewithoutpartners.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)states, You
(Alone)weworship,andYou(Alone)weaskforhelp(foreachandeverything). , AndyourLordhasdecreedthatyouworshipnone
butHim. and Andtheywerecommandednot,butthattheyshouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfrom
ascribingpartnerstoHim)

(PartNo:5,PageNo:121)

WorshipistoobeyHim,followHisLaws,revereHisorders,andabandonwhatHeprohibits
withhumility,submissiveness,love,obedience,truthfulness,fear,anddesire.

WhoeverworshipsanythingbesidesHimcommitsShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHis
Divinityorworship).Whoeverworships,supplicates,seeksthehelpof,andofferssacrificesto
thesun,themoon,thestars,theidols,theJinn,theprophets,themessengers,the
Awliya'(piouspeople),andthelike,orbelievesthattheycanprofit,harm,healthesick,grant
provisionorvictoryoverenemies,etc.,orascribepartnerstoHim,hascommittedShirk.All
thisisaformofmajorShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)andKufr
(disbelief)whichinvalidatesgooddeeds.SuchpersonwillenterHellfireandParadisewillbe
prohibitedforashewillbedeprivedofAllah'sforgiveness.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)states, Verily,
whosoeversetsuppartners(inworship)withAllh,thenAllhhasforbiddenParadisetohim,andtheFirewillbehisabode. Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: ButiftheyhadjoinedinworshipotherswithAllh,allthattheyusedtodowouldhavebeenof
nobenefittothem. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andindeedithasbeenrevealedtoyou(OMuhammad
),asitwastothose(AllhsMessengers)beforeyou:"IfyoujoinothersinworshipwithAllh,(then)surely(all)yourdeeds
willbeinvain,andyouwillcertainlybeamongthelosers." Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Verily,Allhforgivesnot
thatpartnersshouldbesetupwithHim(inworship),butHeforgivesexceptthat(anythingelse)towhomHewills

Shirkinvolvesdevotingcertainactsof`Ibadah(worship)toanythingelseotherthanAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)suchastheJinn,man,angels,idols,trees,planets,stones,

(PartNo:5,PageNo:122)

oranyothercreature.Whoeverbeseechesthesecreatures,offervowsorsacrificestothem,or
seekstheirhelpcommitsshirkandworshipsothersbesideAllah.Therefore,theirShahadah
(TestimonyofFaith)becomesBatil(nullandvoid),because"LailahaillaAllah(thereisno www.ircpk.com
deitybutAllah)isthewordofTawhid(monotheism)whichisthecornerstoneofIslam.Allah
states, AndyourIlh(God)isOneIlh(GodAllh),LilhaillaHuwa(thereisnonewhohastherighttobeworshippedbutHe),
theMostGracious,theMostMerciful. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Soknow(OMuhammad)
that,Lilhaillallh(nonehastherighttobeworshippedbutAllh),andaskforgivenessforyoursin

WhoeverjoinspartnerswithAllahhasnullifiedthiswordsinceitmeans:thereisnoonehas
therighttobeworshippedbutAllah.He(ExaltedbeHe)statesinSurahAlHajj, Thatisbecause
AllhHeistheTruth(theonlyTrueGodofallthatexists,WhohasnopartnersorrivalswithHim),andwhatthey(thepolytheists)
invokebesidesHim,itisBtil(falsehood). Whoeverclaimsthatitispermissibletoassociatepartnerswith
Allahandworshipsidols,trees,stones,prophets,kings,Jinn,etc.,commitsShirk,Kufr,and
fabricatesthegreatestlieagainstAllah.OnebecomesaMushrik(onewhoassociatesothers
withAllahinHisDivinityorworship)andKafir(disbeliever),ifonebelievesthatthisis
permissibleevenifhedoesnotactaccordingly.

Likewise,whoeverdeniesthewellestablishedIslamicprinciplesthatAllahhasprescribedisa
MushrikandaKafir.WhoeverdeniestheobligationofSalah(Prayer),Zakah(obligatory
charity),Sawm(Fast)ofRamadan,orHajjwhilehavingthemeanstoperformit,ordeniesthe
prohibitionofZina(adultery),Khamr(intoxicant),sodomy,Riba(usury),ingratitudeto
parents,oranyofthewellestablishedIslamicpreceptsisaMushrikandaKafir.TheDinisto
worshipAllahAloneandtobelieveinHisordinancessuchastheobligationsandthe
prohibitions,soaMuslimmustsubmit,believe,andholdfasttothesecommandsand
prohibitions.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:123)

Youthplayanimportantrole,fortheyarethemainstayoftheUmmah(community).Wepray
theywillbefullofgoodness.TheywillmaketheDinvictorious,iftheyholdfastand
comprehendit.Wepraythattheywillbenefitandraiseourcommunitytoaloftystatus,make
theDinofAllahsuperior,andtriumphoveritsenemies.Itisthedutyofouryouthtosupport
AlHaqq(theTruth)anditsadvocatesandcombatfalsehoodanditsadvocates.

ItisobligatoryuponeachyouthwhoisMukallaf(personmeetingtheconditionstobeheld
legallyaccountablefortheiractions)tobekeenonapplyingIslam'sordinancesandbeversed
initsrulingsfromtheQur'an,theSunnah,andthescholarswhoareknownfortheir
knowledge,virtue,andsoundbelief.Thiswillallowhimtoholdfasttoandinvitepeopletothe
DinandabstainfromwhatAllahhasprohibitedwithknowledge.Thisisgainedthrough
frequentrecitation,memorization,andponderingovertheQur'anasitistheStraightPathof
Allah,theWiseReminder,andtheguidetoallgoodness.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)states, Verily,
thisQurnguidestothatwhichismostjustandright Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Say:Itisforthosewhobelieve,
aguideandahealing." Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: (Thisis)aBook(theQurn)whichWe
havesentdowntoyou,fullofblessings,thattheymayponderoveritsVerses,andthatmenofunderstandingmayremember.

TheyouthandallMuslimsshouldgiveattentiontotheSunnahoftheMessengerofAllah
(peacebeuponhim)thatincludeshisHadithsandSirah(theProphet'sbiography).They
shouldcomprehendandmemorizeitaccordingtotheirability.Theyshouldalsoinvitepeople
toliveaccordingtoit.ScholarsunanimouslyagreedthattheSunnahisthesecondWahy
(Revelation)andthesecondprincipleofShari`ah(Islamiclaw).Allah(ExaltedbeHe)states,
Bythestarwhenitgoesdown(orvanishes). Yourcompanion(Muhammad)hasneithergoneastraynorhas
erred. Nordoeshespeakof(hisown)desire. ItisonlyaRevelationrevealed. and

(PartNo:5,PageNo:124)

Say:"ObeyAllhandobeytheMessenger,butifyouturnaway,he(MessengerMuhammad)isonlyresponsible
forthedutyplacedonhim(i.e.toconveyAllhsMessage)andyouforthatplacedonyou.Ifyouobeyhim,youshallbeontheright
guidance.TheMessengersdutyisonlytoconvey(themessage)inaclearway(i.e.topreachinaplainway)." Allah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)honoredtheQur'anandtheSunnahwithHismentioninginthelastAyahs
(Qur'anicverses)ofSurahAlShura, AndthusWehavesenttoyou(OMuhammad)Ruh(a
Revelation,andaMercy)ofOurCommand.YouknewnotwhatistheBook,norwhatisFaith?ButWehavemadeit(thisQurn)a
lightwherewithWeguidewhosoeverofOurslavesWewill.Andverily,you(OMuhammad)areindeedguiding
(mankind)totheStraightPath(i.e.AllhsReligionofIslmicMonotheism). ThePathofAllhtoWhombelongsallthatisinthe
InthisAyah,Allah(Glorified
heavensandallthatisintheearth.Verily,allmattersattheendgotoAllh(fordecision).
beHe)informsusthattheQur'anandtheSunnahmakeapersonleadagoodlifeandalight
thatgrantsguidancetowhomeverAllahwills.

YoungscholarsmustholdfasttotheQur'anandtheSunnahofHisMessenger(peacebeupon
him).TheymustunderstandthemdeeplyandseektheirguidancetotheStraightPathofAllah
whichleadstoHim,HisAbodeofhonor,andHisParadise.Theyshouldactuponthemin
schools,universities,andHalaqahs(learningcircles).Theyshouldalsoconsulttruthfulscholars
regardingcomplexissues.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)states, SoaskthepeopleoftheReminder,ifyoudonot
know.

Theyouthshouldgivedueattentiontothebookswhichtheyaregiventostudyandmemorize
andcomparethemtotheQur'anandtheSunnahoftheirProphet(peacebeuponhim),sothey
willbewellinformedabouttheirteachings.Thus,theywillunderstandthelessonsoftheir
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professorsatschools,universities,andIslamicclasses.Thisisonlyachievedthroughseeking
thehelpofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)andaskingHimforguidanceandsuccess,and
thatwewillnotmisuseourtime.Studying,

(PartNo:5,PageNo:125)

andconsultingprofessorsformoreclarificationandstudyingwithcolleaguesarealso
required.Inthisway,studentswillsavehistimeandprepareforthetheirnextlessons.Itis
notacceptableforastudenttorefrainfromstudyingwithhiscolleaguesoraskinghis
professors.Onemustnotbeshyinseekingknowledgeoraskingaboutdifficultmatters.Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)statesinSurahAlAhzab, butAllhisnotshyof(tellingyou)thetruth. Itisreportedthat
UmSulaymAlAnsariyyah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)said, "OMessengerofAllah,verily,Allahisnotshyof
(tellingyou)thetruth.IsitobligatoryforawomantoperformGhusl(bathingfollowingmajorceremonialimpurity)afterexperiencing
nocturnalemission?He(peacebeuponhim)replied,"Yes,ifsheseesthefluid." (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariand
Muslim).i.e.thefluidreferstotheMani(secretionemitteduponorgasm).ThehonorableTabi`
(successor,thegenerationaftertheCompanionsoftheProphet)MujahidIbnJabrsaid,"Knowledge
isnotattainedbyashyoranarrogantperson."(RelatedbyAlBukhariinhisSahih(authentic)
BookofHadithintheformofMu`allaq(aHadithmissinglinkinthechainofnarration)

Itisobligatoryuponyouthandotherstoactaccordingtotheknowledgetheyacquireby
performingobligatoryactsandabstainingfromprohibitions.Thisistheaimoflearningand
thereasonforbeingwellgroundedinknowledge.ThisalsoleadstoAllah'spleasureand
guidance.

Somepeoplelearnbutdonotactaccordingly.Undoubtedly,thisisagreatdisasterand
imitationoftheenemiesofAllahtheJewsandcorruptscholarswhoincurredtheWrathof
Allah,becausetheydidnotactinaccordancewiththeirknowledge.

SomeSalaf(righteouspredecessors,mayAllahbepleasedwiththem),said,"Whoeverapplies
whathelearnsisgrantedknowledgeofthingsthattheydonotknow."Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)
states, Whileasforthosewhoacceptguidance,Heincreasestheirguidanceandbestowsonthemtheirpiety. Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndAllhincreasesinguidancethosewhowalkaright. Whoeveracceptsguidance,
Allahgrantshimmoreguidance,knowledge,andsuccess.

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)statesinSurahAlFatihah, GuideustotheStraightWay. TheWayofthoseonwhom


Y o u h a v e b e s t o w e d Y o u r G r a c e i.e.scholarsandmessengersandthosewhofollowthemin
righteousness.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:126)

TheyarethosewhohaveknowledgeofAllah,applyHisordnances,understandandholdfast
toIslam.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)states, AndwhosoobeyAllhandtheMessenger(Muhammad
),thentheywillbeinthecompanyofthoseonwhomAllhhasbestowedHisGrace,oftheProphets,theSiddiqn
(thosefollowersoftheProphetswhowerefirstandforemosttobelieveinthem,likeAbuBakrAsSiddq(),themartyrs,
andtherighteous.Andhowexcellentthesecompanionsare! TheyarethoseuponwhomAllahhasbestowedHis
GraceandareontheStraightPath.Theyarethescholars,thepiouspeople,andthepeopleof
deepinsight.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)remindsusofthosewhoincurredHisangerandofthose
whohavegoneareastray, not(theway)ofthosewhoearnedYourAnger(i.e.thosewhoknewtheTruth,butdidnot
followit)norofthosewhowentastray(i.e.thosewhodidnotfollowtheTruthoutofignoranceanderror). ''...thosewho
incurredYourAnger...''referstothosewhohaveknowledgebutdonotactaccordinglysuchas
theJewsandthelike.AsforHissaying,"....norofthosewhowentastray",itreferstothe
ChristiansandmisguidedpeoplewhoworshipAllahwithoutcorrectknowledge.Abeliever
askshisLordforguidancetothepathofthoseuponwhomAllahhasbestowedHisGracesuch
asthescholarsandthepiouspeople,andprotectionfromthewayofthosewhoincurred
Allah'sAngerandthosewhowentastray.

ItisobligatoryupontheyouthinparticularandtheMuslimsingeneraltogivedueattention
andbekeenongainingknowledge,beingversedinIslamicissues,actaccordingly,manage
one'stime,studyingwell,askingaboutdifficultissues,andofferingadvicetotheservantsof
Allah.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated, IfAllahwantstodogoodtoaperson,Hemakeshim
comprehendthereligion. , Whoevergoesonapathseekingknowledge,AllahwillplacehimonapathleadingtoParadise. and
Thereareseven(people)whomAllahwillshadewithHisShadowontheDaywhentherewillbenoshadeotherthanHisShade:A
justrulerandayoungpersonwhogrewupworshippingAllah,theExaltedandamanwhoseheartisattachedtothemosquesand
twomenwhomeetanddepartfromeachotherfortheSakeofAllahandamanwhoisseducedbyapowerfulandbeautifulwoman
buthesays,'IfearAllah'andamanwhogivesincharityandconcealsit,sothathislefthanddoesnotknowwhathisrighthasgiven
andamanwhoremembersAllahwhenheisaloneandhiseyesshedtears." (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariand
Muslim).

AyoungpersonwhogrowsupworshipingAllahattainsagreatstatusbecauseofhisIslamic
understanding,knowledge,andcounsel.Thisisbecausehegrowsupinanatmosphereof
knowledge,virtue,gooddeeds,worship,andgoodness.Therefore,hebecomesbeneficialto
himself

(PartNo:5,PageNo:127)
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andtotheservantsofAllahuntilhemeetsHisLord.

ThemostimportantobligationaftertheShahadah(TestimonyofFaith)isobservingtheFive
ObligatoryDailyPrayers.SalahisthecornerstoneofIslam.Whoeverobservesthe
performanceofSalahpreserveshisreligion,andwhoeverneglectsitneglectsotherobligatory
duties.Therefore,dearlistenersandyoungpeople,Iadviseyou,myself,andallMuslimsto
fearAllaheverywhereandobserveSalahatitsduetimeincongregation.Thisisthemost
importantdutyuponallMuslims,malesandfemales,foraspreviouslymentionedSalahisthe
mainpillarofIslam.Whoeverobservesitpreserveshisreligionandwhoeverneglectsit
neglectsotherobligatoryduties.Thefirstdeedforwhichapersonwillbebroughttoaccount
ontheDayofResurrectionwillbePrayer.Ifitisperfectlyperformed,thenonewillbesafe
andsuccessfulotherwise,onewillbeanunfortunateloser.

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated, ThemainstayofthematterisIslam,itspillarisSalah,anditstopmost
partisJihad(defendingtheCauseofAllah)." Likewise,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, "Islamhasbeen
builtonfive(Pillars):testifyingthatthereisnogodbutAllahandthatMuhammadistheMessengerofAllah,establishingtheSalah,
payingZakah,fastingRamadan,andperformingHajj." SalahisthesecondpillarofIslam.Also, "Thecovenantthat
distinguishesbetweenusandthem(thehypocrites)isSalah.AnyonewhoabandonsitisaKafir." and "Verily,theactthatadmitsa
persontoShirkandKufr(disbelief)isthenegligenceoftheSalah."

Inaddition,aMuslimmustpayZakah(obligatorycharity)whenhiswealthreachesNisab(the
minimumamountonwhichZakahisdue).

AMuslimmustalsoobserveSawm(Fast)inRamadanandperformHajjonceinalifetime.

Amongthegreatdutiesare:showinggratitudeandkindnesstoparents,maintainingtheties
ofkinship,honoringguests,honesty,enjoininggood,forbiddingevil,renderingtrusts,giving
advicetoeveryMuslim,andabstainingfromallthatAllahhasforbiddensuchasZina
(adultery),theft,Khamr(intoxicants),

(PartNo:5,PageNo:128)

dealinginRiba(Usury),Ghibah(backbiting),bearingfalsewitness,andlying.

Ouryouthshouldbebroughtupaccordingtotheseprinciples.Theyshouldbecomeaccustomed
todoinggoodandexertingthemselvesuntiltheyfulfilltheobligationsofAllahandabstain
fromwhatHehasforbidden.TheyshouldabstainfromdrugsandKhamr,fortheirevilsare
great.AMuslimshouldavoidthemandbewareofsittingwithpeoplewhousethemasthis
mightleadtoimitatingthem.

Itisobligatorytobefriendgoodpeopleandavoidevilones.Itisalsoobligatorytoshow
gratitudeandkindnesstoparents,becausetheirrightsaregreat.Goodtreatment,showing
humblenesstocolleaguesandfellowMuslimbrothers,andshowingkindnesstoneighborsare
noblecharacteristics.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)states, WorshipAllhandjoinnonewithHim(in
worship)anddogoodtoparents,kinsfolk,orphans,AlMaskn(thepoor),theneighbourwhoisnearofkin,theneighbourwhoisa
stranger TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)states, "Jibril(Gabriel,peacebeuponhim)impresseduponmeabout
Inadditionto
(thekindtreatmentof)neighbors(somuch)thatIthoughthewouldsoongivethemthe(right)ofinheritance."
othermoralsofbelievers,TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated, "Iwassenttoperfectgoodmorals."

Amongnoblecharacteristicsare:obeyingAllahandHisMessengeratalltimes,makinggood
useofone'stime,fulfillingAllah'sordersandabstainingfromwhatHeprohibited,maintaining
highmorals,honoringparents,keepingtiesofkinship,givingpreferencetoothers,refraining
fromGhibahandNamimah(talebearing),guardingone'stongueagainstallevil,remembering
Allahfrequently,enjoininggoodandforbiddingevil,andinvitingpeopletogoodnessand
warningthemagainstevil.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:129)

Thus,abelievershouldaccustomhimselftothesegoodmorals.Heshouldaccustomhimself
alsotorefrainfromwhatAllahhasforbidden,forhabitsendure.AllahhasdecreedthatifHe
guideshisservantatayoungage,hewillhelphimtoremainsteadfastuntilhisdeath.Let
everybelievingandrighteousyouthremainsteadfastuponandfollowtheTruth,befriending
goodpeoplewhohelphimtodogoodandabstainingfromaccompanyingthewicked.

IaskAllahwithHisMostBeautifulNamesandAttributestoguideusalltousefulknowledge
andrighteousdeeds.IaskhimalsotoguideustoHisStraightPathandtoprotectusfromthe
evilofourselvesandfromourbaddeeds.IaskHimtograntusallsoundunderstandingof
Islamandsupportustoabidebyitandcallotherstoit.He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)isthe
MostGenerous.IaskHim(GlorifiedbeHe)toguideourrulerstoallthatisgood,givevictory
toHisReligion,makeHisWorduppermostthroughthem,supportthemwithrighteous
followers,andmakethemofthosewhoguideandarerightlyguided.

MayAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)guideallMuslimrulersandhelpthemtoexactandruleaccording
toAllah'sShari`ahanddiscardwhatopposesit!MayAllahguidetheirfollowers,setarightthe www.ircpk.com
affairsofallMuslimseverywhere,entrustthemtopiousrulers,grantthemunderstandingof
theReligion,andincreaseamongthemthenumberofthecallersforguidance.HeistheOne
WhoisCapableofdoingso!PeaceandprayersbeuponHisservantandmessenger,our
ProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,Companions,andthosewhofollowedhiminrighteousness!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:130)

UnityofMuslimsasoneofthegoalsofHajj

PraiseisduetoAllahWhohasmadeAlBayt(theHouse:anothernamefortheKa`bah)a
resortformankind,aplaceofsafety,andaguidanceandblessingforallbeings.Allah(Exalted
beHe)orderedHisServantandMessengerIbrahim,theleaderofthosewhoworshipnonebut
Himandthefatherofalltheprophets,toguidethepeopletoAlHaqq(theTruth)and
proclaimHajjtothemafterdesignatingforhimthesiteofAlBaytsothattheywillcomefrom
everydistantplacetowitnessbenefitsforthemselvesandmentiontheNameofAllahon
knowndays.ItestifythatthereisnodeitybutAllahAloneWhohasnopartner,theDeityof
earlierandlatergenerations,WhohassentHisMessengersandrevealedHisBooksto
establishproofandclarifythatAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)istheOnlyOnedeservingworshipand
obedience,andthatHisShari`ah(Islamiclaw)mustbefollowedandanythingwhichopposes
itmustbeavoided.ItestifythatMuhammadistheServantandMessengerofAllah,whowas
sentasamercytoallbeingsandaproofagainstthem.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)senthimwith
guidanceandthereligionoftruthtomakeitsuperioroverallreligionsandorderedhimto
informthepeopleabouttheirreligiousduties.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim),indeed,
carriedouthismissionbywordanddeedmaypeaceandblessingsofAllahbeuponhim.

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)performedtheFarewellHajjandinformedthepeopleofthe
ritualsofHajjbywhathedidandsaidduringit.Hesaidtothepeople: Takeyour(Hajj)ritualsfrom
me,forperhapsImightnotmeetyouafterthisyear. Thus,he(peacebeuponhim)explainedalltherituals
ofHajjitswordsandactions,bywhathesaidanddid.He(peacebeuponhim)conveyedthe
Message,fulfilledthetrust,andengagedinJihad(strivingintheCauseofAllah)sincerely.
Whenhedied,hisRightlyGuidedCaliphsandSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphetmay
Allahbepleasedwiththem)

(PartNo:5,PageNo:131)

followedhisrightpathandclarifiedtothepeoplethisgreatMessagebytheirwordsand
deeds.TheyhonestlyconveyedtothepeopletheProphet'ssayingsanddeedsmayAllahbe
pleasedwiththemandgrantthemthebestabode.

OneofthemostwonderfulgoalsofHajjistouniteMuslimsuponAlHaqq(theTruth)and
guidethemtoitsotheywillholdfasttotheDin(religion)ofAllah,worshipHimAlone,and
followHisShar`(Law).Forthisreason,Ithoughtofentitlingthislecture"Unitingthewordof
MuslimsuponAlHaqqisoneofthegoalsofHajj".ThereareseveralothergoalsofHajj,and
wewillexplainmanyofthemInshaaAllah(ifAllahwills).

Toproceed:

IthankAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)forthismeetingwithmybrothersinIslaminthe
LiteraryCulturalClubofMakkahtocooperateingoodandclarifymanyofthegoalsofHajjtoAl
BaytsothatthepilgrimswouldbenefitfromwhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasordainedandknow
manyoftheritualswhichtheyareunawareof.

IthankthoseinchargeoftheClub,attheheadofwhomisthehonorablebrotherDr.RashidAl
Rajih,theheadoftheClub,andtheDirectorofUmmAlQuraUniversityforinvitingmetothis
event.IaskAllahtoguideusalltothatwhichpleasesHim,tohelpthoseinchargeoftheClub
todoallthatisgoodandtomaketheireffortsbeneficialtoMuslims,andtomakeusall
amongthoseguidingothersandbeingguidedbyAllahandamongthesupportersofAlHaqq
whereverweare.

ObrothersinIslam!Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)hasprescribedHajjforHisServants
andmadeitthefifthRukn(Pillar)ofIslamforwisdomandseveralsecretsandbenefits.Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)hasreferredtothisinthefollowingAyah(Qur'anicverse),by
saying:

(PartNo:5,PageNo:132)

Say(OMuhammad ) :"AllhhasspokenthetruthfollowthereligionofIbrhm(Abraham)Hanfa(Islmic
Monotheism,i.e.heusedtoworshipAllhAlone),andhewasnotofAlMushrikn"(SeeV.2:105) Verily,thefirstHouse(of
worship)appointedformankindwasthatatBakkah(Makkah),fullofblessing,andaguidanceforAlAlamn(mankindandjinn). In
itaremanifestsigns(forexample),theMaqm(place)ofIbrhm(Abraham)whosoeverentersit,heattainssecurity.AndHajj
(pilgrimagetoMakkah)totheHouse(Kabah)isadutythatmankindowestoAllh,thosewhocanaffordtheexpenses(forones
conveyance,provisionandresidence)andwhoeverdisbelieves[i.e.deniesHajj(pilgrimagetoMakkah),thenheisadisbelieverof
Allh],thenAllhstandsnotinneedofanyoftheAlamn(mankind,jinnandallthatexists).

Thus,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)hasshownthatAlBaytwasthefirstplaceappointedonearthto www.ircpk.com
worshipHimanddrawclosertoHimbydoingthatwhichpleasesHim.Itwasauthentically
reportedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)as
narratedbyAbuDharr(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)whosaid: Isaid:OMessengerofAllah!Tellmeabout
thefirstMasjid(mosque)thatwasconstructedonearth.Hereplied:AlMasjidAlHaram(theSacredMosqueinMakkah).Isaid:Then
whichwasnext?Heanswered:AlMasjidAlAqsa(theAqsaMosqueinJerusalem).Iasked:Howlongwasthespaceoftimebetween
them(i.e.betweentheirconstruction)?Heanswered:Fortyyears.Iasked:Thenwhichwasnext?Hesaid:Whereveryoumaybeand
theSalah(Prayer)timebecomesdue,performSalahthere,forit(theearth)isaMasjidforyou.

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)hasshownthatthefirstplaceofworshipappointedto
mankindwas A lMasjidAlHaram,whichhasbeenconstructedforthepurposeofworshippingAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)anddrawingclosertoHimasstatedbyscholars.Infact,there
wereotherplacesthatweredesignatedforhabitation,notforworship,obedience,and
drawingclosertoAllahbythesayingsanddeedswhichpleaseHim.Thenextplaceofworship
was A lMasjidAlAqsa,whichwasbuiltbythegrandsonofProphetIbrahim,thatis,Ya`qubibn
IshaqibnIbrahim(peacebeuponthem).TheMasjidwasreconstructedafteralongperiodof
timebyProphetSulayman(peacebeuponhim).Afterthis,alltheearthwasdeclaredtobea
placeofworship.ThethirdMasjidwas A lMasjidAlNabawy(theProphetsMosqueinMadinah),whichwas
constructedbyProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)whenheimmigratedtoMadinahwith
hisSahabah(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)andsaidthatitisthebestMasjidafterAlMasjid
A lHaram.Thus,therearethreesuperiorMasjids,thegreatestandbestofwhichisAlMasjidAlHaram,
thenAlMasjidAlNabawy,andfinally

(PartNo:5,PageNo:133)

AlMasjidAlAqsa.

OfferingSalahinthesethreeMasjidsgivesdoublerewards.ItisreportedinaSahih
(authentic)Hadith: OfferingSalahinAlMasjidAlHaramisequalto(offering)ahundredthousandSalah. Itisalso
reportedaboutAlMasjidAlNabawy: SalahintheProphet'sMasjidisbetterthanonethousandSalahinanyother
Masjid. ItisalsoreportedthatSalahinAlMasjidAlAqsaisequaltofivehundredSalah. Thesearethegreatestand
bestMasjidstheMasjidsoftheprophets(peacebeuponthem).

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)hasprescribedHajjforHisServantsbecauseofitsgreat
benefits.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)toldusthatHajjisobligatoryfortheServantswho
areMukallaf(meetingtheconditionstobeheldlegallyaccountablefortheiractions)andcan
afforditsexpenses.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndHajj(pilgrimagetoMakkah)totheHouse
(Kabah)isadutythatmankindowestoAllh,thosewhocanaffordtheexpenses(foronesconveyance,provisionandresidence)

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)deliveredaKhutbah(sermon),saying: Opeople,Allahhasmade
HajjobligatoryforyousoperformHajj.Hewasasked:OMessengerofAllah!(Isittobeperformed)everyyear?He(peacebeupon
him)said:TheobligatoryHajjis(tobeperformed)onlyonce.Ifanyoneperformsitmore(thanonceafterthefirstobligatoryone),
theyperformasupererogatoryact. Thus,HajjisaFaridah(obligatoryact)thatmustbeperformedonly
onceduringone'slifetime.ItisobligatoryforMuslims,malesandfemales,whoareMukallaf
andcanafforditsexpenses.ItisconsideredaNafilah(asupererogatoryactofworship)and
anactofdrawingclosertoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)forwhoeverhasperformeditonceand
performsitmoretimes.ThehonorableProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: The(performanceof)
`Umrah(lesserpilgrimage)isaKaffarah(expiation)ofthesinscommitted(betweenitandthepreviousone).AndtherewardofHajj,
whichisMabrur(accepted),isnothingexceptJannah(Paradise). ThisappliestoHajjand`Umrahwhichare
FaridahandNafilah.

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: WhoevercomestothisBayt(i.e.toperformHajj)anddoesnotapproachhis
wifeforsexualrelationsnorcommitssins(whileperformingHajj)willreturnassinlessasanewbornbaby. Inanother
narration,hesaid: WhoeverperformsHajjtothisBaytanddoesnotapproachhiswifeforsexualrelationsnorcommitssins
(whileperformingHajj)willreturnassinlessasanewbornbaby. ThisindicatesthegreatmeritofHajjand
`Umrah,fortheperformanceof`UmrahisaKaffarahofthesinscommittedbetweenitand
thepreviousoneandtherewardofHajj,whichisMabrur,isnothingexceptJannah.

BelieversmusthastentoperformthisFaridahofHajj

(PartNo:5,PageNo:134)

wherevertheyareandwhenevertheyareabletoafforditsexpenses.IftheyperformHajj
onetimeormore,thenitistobecountedasaNafilahandnotasaFaridah,butitstillhasa
greatmerit.ItisreportedinaSahihHadith: TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)wasasked:Whatisthe
bestdeed?Hereplied:TobelieveinAllahandHisMessenger.Hewasasked:Whatisthenext(ingoodness)?He(peacebeuponhim)
replied:ToparticipateinJihad.Hewasthenasked:Whatisthenext(ingoodness)?Hereplied:ToperformHajjwhichisMabrur.
(AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim)

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)performedtheFarewellHajjandprescribedforthepeople
theritualsofHajjbywhathesaidanddid.He(peacebeuponhim)alsodeliveredawonderful
KhutbahontheDayof`Arafah(9thofDhulHijjah)inwhichheremindedthepeopleofAllah's
RightsandofTawhid(monotheism).HetoldthemthateverythingpertainingtoJahiliyyah
(preIslamictimeofignorance)wasabolished,thatRiba(usury)wasabolished,andthat
revengeofJahiliyyahwasabolished.HeadvisedthemtoholdfasttotheQur'anandthe
Sunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet),assuringthemthattheywouldneverbeled www.ircpk.com
astrayiftheyholdfasttothem.Heexplainedmanyotherissues,amongwhichwerehusbands'
andwives'rights.He,then,said: Youaregoingtobeaskedaboutme,sowhatshallyousay?Theysaid:Wetestifythat
youhaveadvisedus,fulfilled(thetrust),andconveyed(theMessage).Whereuponhe(peacebeuponhim)keptraisinghisfingerto
theskythenpointingtotheearth,saying:OAllah!Bearwitnesstothis.OAllah!Bearwitnesstothis. Peacebeuponhim!

Definitely,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)conveyedtheMessageandfulfilledthetrust
perfectlyandcompletely.WetestifytothisastheSahabah(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)
testifiedtothis.He(peacebeuponhim)explainedtheritualsofHajjbywhathedidandsaid
whileperformingtheFarewellHajj.HeleftMadinahattheendofDhulQi`dah,10A.H.and
assumedIhram(ritualstateforHajjand`Umrah)toperformQiranHajj(combiningHajjand
`Umrahsimultaneously)fromDhulHulayfah.HetooktheHady(sacrificialanimalofferedby
pilgrims)withhimandarrivedatMakkahinthemorningofthefourthdayofDhulHijjah.He
keptsayingTalbiyah(devotionalexpressionschantedatcertaintimesduringHajjand
`Umrah)fromtheMiqat(siteforenteringtheritualstateforHajjand`Umrah)inDhulHulayfahas
follows: HereIamatYourserviceOAllah,HereIam.HereIamatYourservice,Youhavenopartner,HereIam.Yoursaloneis
allpraiseandallbounty,andYoursaloneistheSovereignty.Youhavenopartner afterdeclaringtheintentionof
performingHajjand`Umrah.

He(peacebeuponhim)gavehisSahabahinDhulHulayfahtheoptiontochoosebetweenthethree
ritessomeofthem

(PartNo:5,PageNo:135)

saidTalbiyahfor`UmrahandsomeotherssaidTalbiyahforbothHajjand`Umrah.The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)usedtosayTalbiyahoutloudandsodidhisSahabah(mayAllah
bepleasedwiththem).HekeptsayingtheTalbiyahuntilhereachedtheKa`bah.Heshowedthe
peopletheAdhkar(invocationsandRemembrances)andDu`a'(supplication)whichtheymust
saywhileperformingTawaf(circumambulationaroundAlKa`bah)andSa`y(goingbetween
SafaandMarwahduringHajjand`Umrah)andwhilebeingin`Arafat,Muzdalifah,andMina.Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)pointedthisoutintheQur'anbysaying: Thereisnosinonyouifyouseek
theBountyofyourLord(duringpilgrimagebytrading).ThenwhenyouleaveAraft,rememberAllh(byglorifyingHisPraises,i.e.
prayersandinvocations)attheMasharilHarm.AndrememberHim(byinvokingAllhforallgood.)asHehasguidedyou,and
verily,youwere,before,ofthosewhowereastray. ThendepartfromtheplacewhenceallthepeopledepartandaskAllhforHis
Forgiveness.Truly,AllhisOftForgiving,MostMerciful. untilHisSaying: AndrememberAllhduringtheappointedDays.But
whosoeverhastenstoleaveintwodays,thereisnosinonhimandwhosoeverstayson,thereisnosinonhim

Hence,AdhkarisoneofthebenefitsmentionedinthefollowingAyah: Thattheymaywitnessthings
thatareofbenefittothem(i.e.rewardofHajjintheHereafter,andalsosomeworldlygainfromtrade),andmentiontheNameof
Allhonappointeddays(i.e.10th,11th,12th,and13thdayofDhulHijjah) ReferringtoAdhkarafterthebenefitsis
awayofspecifyingthegeneral.ItisreportedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)thathe
said: Verily,TawafaroundtheKa`bah,Sa`ybetweenSafaandMarwah,andthrowingJamrat(stonepillarsatwhichpebblesare
thrownduringHajj,Jamratul`AqabahbeingtheclosesttoMakkah)areallordainedtorememberAllah.

IthasbeenprescribedforpeopletomentiontheNameofAllahwhenslaughteringHadyas
statedintheQur'anandalsotosayAdhkarwhenthrowingtheJamrat.Hence,alltherituals
ofHajjareremembrancesofAllah,whetherbywordsoractions.HajjisremembranceofAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)andaninvitationtoadheretoTawhidandtoholdfasttoAllah's
ReligionandtowhatHerevealedtoHisMessengerMuhammad(peacebeuponhim).Thus,
thegreatestgoalofHajjistoguidethepeopletoTawhid,tobesinceretoAllah,andtofollow
A lHaqqandguidanceasrevealedtoHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),notonlyduringHajj
butatalltimesandinallplaces.

TalbiyahisthefirstritualapersonperformsduringHajjand

(PartNo:5,PageNo:136)

`Umrahsaying:OAllah,hereIamatYourservice!HereIam.HereIamatYourservice,You
havenopartner,HereIam.ThisTalbiyahdeclaresone'sbeliefinTawhidandsincerityto
AllahWhohasnopartner.InTawaf,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)isremembered,glorified,and
worshippedbyperformingTawafonlyforHisSake.ThesameappliestoperformingSa`y,
shavingthehead,shorteningthehair,andslaughteringHadyandUdhiyah(sacrificialanimal
offeredbynonpilgrims),whichareallperformedfortheSakeofAllahAlone.Also,Adhkar
saidin`Arafat,Muzdalifah,andMinaareallremembrancesofAllah,Tawhid,aninvitationtoAlHaqq,
andawayofguidingtheservantstotheobligationofworshippingAllahAloneand
cooperatingandenjoiningoneanothertodoso,sincetheycomefromeverydistantplaceto
witnessbenefitsforthemselves.

TherearemanybenefitsbutAllah(ExaltedbeHe)mentionedthemcollectivelyintheAyah
anddetailedtheminmanysituations.OneofthesebenefitsisTawaf,whichisagreatactof
`Ibadah(worship)andoneofthemeansfortheexpiationofsinsandatonementformisdeeds.
OtherbenefitsaretheAdhkarandDu`a'whicharesaidwhileperformingSa`y,in`Arafat,as
wellasinMuzdalifah.Also,slaughteringHadyandthrowingJamratentailsayingAdhkarand
Takbir(saying:"AllahuAkbar[AllahistheGreatest]")andglorifyingAllah.Alltheritualsof
HajjentailrememberingAllahandinviteMuslimstobeonebodyandstructurefollowingAl
HaqqandadheringandinvitingtoitsincerelytoAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)inalltheirsayingsand www.ircpk.com
actions.TheycometotheseblessedlandsjustforthesakeofdrawingclosertoAllah,
worshippingHim,andseekingHisForgivenessanddeliverancefromtheFire.

Definitely,HajjunitesheartsandgathersthemtoobeyAllah(ExaltedbeHe),besincereto
Him,followHisShari`ah,andabidebyHisordersandprohibitions.ThatiswhyAllah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)says: Verily,thefirstHouse(ofworship)appointedformankindwasthatatBakkah(Makkah),fullof
blessing,andaguidanceforAlAlamn(mankindandjinn). Allah(ExaltedbeHe)hastoldusthatAlBaytisfull
ofblessingsasevidencedbythegreatgoodandrewardsgrantedtoitsvisitorswhenthey
performTawaf,Sa`yandotherritualsofHajjand`Umrahandbythefactthatsinsare
expiated,rewardsaredoubled,andranksareraised.Furthermore,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)
forgivesthesinsofthesincereandtruthfulvisitors

(PartNo:5,PageNo:137)

andadmitsthemintoJannahasagraceandabountyfromHim,iftheyaresinceretoHim,
adheretoHisCommands,andabstainfromhavingsexualrelations(withtheirwives)and
committingsins.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: WhoeverperformsHajjanddoesnothavesexual
relations(withtheirwives)norcommitssins(duringHajj)willreturn(assinless)asanewbornbaby. Thisdenotesthatitis
notpermissibletohavesexualrelationsbeforeTahallul(removaloftheritualstateforHajj
and`Umrah)ortosayorcommitanythingcallingtothisasitisnotpermissibletocommit
sins,whetherverballyorpractically.Also,onemustrefrainfromengagingindisputesexcept
forthesakeofachievinggoodness.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: TheHajj(pilgrimage)is
(in)thewellknown(lunaryear)months(i.e.the10thmonth,the11thmonthandthefirsttendaysofthe12thmonthoftheIslmic
calendar,i.e.twomonthsandtendays).SowhosoeverintendstoperformHajjtherein(byassumingIhrm),thenheshouldnothave
sexualrelations(withhiswife),norcommitsin,nordisputeunjustlyduringtheHajj. Infact,alltheritualsofHajj
representaninvitationtoobeyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),
toglorifyandrememberAllah,toabstainfromcommittingsins,andtorefrainfromengaging
indisputeswhichcauseenmityanddivisionamongtheMuslims.Disputinggentlyforthesake
ofachievinggoodnessisrequiredineveryplaceandatalltimes.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says:
Invite(mankind,OMuhammad)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelation
andtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewiththeminawaythatisbetter. ThisishowDa`wah(callingto
Islam)shouldbeapproachedatalltimesandinallplaces,whetherintheKa`bahorelsewhere.When
callingothers,aDa`y(callertoIslam)mustusewisdom,whichisknowledgeofwhatAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessengerhasordained,andfairpreachingandmustnotbeharshor
hurtpeople.Itispermissibletoengageinadisputeinawaythatisbetterwheneveritis
necessarytoremovedoubtsandexplainAlHaqq.However,onemustengageinadispute
usingkindwordsandusefulgoodtechniques,whichremovedoubtsandguidetoAlHaqq
withoutanyaggression.

Infact,pilgrimsareindireneedtoreceiveDa`wahandtobeguidedtowhatisgoodand
helpedtoadheretoAlHaqq.Comingfromallovertheworld,meetingwithothers,and
discussingreligiousdutiesandwhatAllahhasprescribed,definitely,representawonderful
meanstoachieveunity,adheretotheDinofAllah,cometoknowothers,andcooperatein
righteousnessandpiety.Thus,Hajjhasgreatbenefits

(PartNo:5,PageNo:138)

andmuchgooditincludescallingtoAllah(ExaltedbeHe),teaching,guiding,meetingothers,
andcooperatinginrighteousnessandpietybywordsoractions.Itisprescribedforthosewho
performHajjand`Umrahtocooperatewitheachotherinrighteousnessandpiety,advise
eachother,bekeenonobeyingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),
andexertthemselvesindoingallthatbringsthemclosertoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andtakes
themawayfromwhatHehasprohibited.

ThegreatestdutieswhichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasordainedareTawhidandsincereworship
ofHimeverywhereandatalltimes,especiallyinthisblessedplace.Accordingly,itis
obligatorytoworshipAllahAloneatalltimesandinallplacesanditismoreobligatoryto
worshipHimAloneinthisblessedplace.AllsayingsanddeedsinTawaf,Sa`y,Du`a'andother
ritualsofHajjmustbededicatedtoAllahAlone.Specialcareshouldbetakenwithregardto
refrainingfromdisobeyingAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)andbeingunjusttopeopleand
harmingthemeitherbywordsoractions.AbelievercaresabouthelpinghisbrothersinIslam,
treatingthemkindly,guidingthemtowhatisgood,andexplainingtothemthematterswhich
theymightbeunawareofregardingAllah'sShar`.Theymustbewareofharmingothersor
wrongingtheirlives,property,andhonor.Muslimsarebrothersandmustnotwrong,despise,
orleteachotherdownrather,theymustlovewhatisgoodandhatewhatisbadforeach
other,wherevertheyare,especiallyintheKa`bahanditssafeHaram(allareaswithintheSacred
SanctuaryofMakkah)andthecityoftheMessenger(peacebeuponhim).Allahhas,indeed,
madetheHaramsafefromeverythingwhichmayevokethepeople'sfear.Therefore,Muslims
mustbekeenonbeingsincereandhonestwitheachotherbyexchangingadviceand
guidance,andmustnotcheat,deceive,orhurteachotherwhetherbysayingsoractions.Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)says: And(remember)whenWemadetheHouse(theKabahatMakkah)aplaceofresortformankindand
aplaceofsafety. He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: HaveWenotestablishedforthemasecuresanctuary
(Makkah),towhicharebroughtfruitsofallkinds,aprovisionfromOurselves

(PartNo:5,PageNo:139) www.ircpk.com
TheBelieversshouldbekeentohavethissafetyandbekindtoeachother,guidingand
helpingeachotherinthatwhichbenefitstheirlivesandDin,andassistingeachotherto
performtheritualsofHajj.TheyshouldbekeenonavoidingallsinswhichAllah(Exaltedbe
He)hasprohibitedlikehurtingothers,whichisagrievoussinandismoregrievousandmore
deservingofpunishmentandbadendwhenitiscommittedwiththosewhoperformHajjor
`UmrahintheKa`bah.

Inshort,Hajjand`Umraharetwogreatritualsandactsofworship,whichrendermuchgood,
severalbenefits,andgoodconsequencesforallMuslimsworldwide.

MuslimsaregatheredtooffertheFiveObligatoryDailyPrayersincongregation,eachintheir
country,toknowandadviseeachotherandcooperateinrighteousnessandpiety,butduring
HajjMuslimsfromallovertheworldaregatheredinoneplace.Ifthereismuchgoodinthe
FiveObligatoryDailyPrayersinwhichtheMuslimsgatherfivetimesaday,wewillfindmuch
goodinHajjwhichtakesplaceonceeveryyear.Accordingly,callingpeopletogoodnessis
moreobligatoryduringHajj,becausepilgrimscomefromdistantplacesanditmightbethe
firstandonlytimetomeettheirbrothers.Likewise,womenarerequiredtoexertthemselves
toguidetheirMuslimsisterstowhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hastaughtthem.

Hence,menmustguidepilgrimswhocometo A lBaytandtovisittheMessenger'sMasjid.Women
shouldguideherbrothersandsistersperformingHajjand`Umrahbytellingthemwhatshe
knows.ThisiswhatMuslimsshoulddoduringHajjand`Umrahtheyshouldcooperatewith
eachother,recommendoneanothertoholdfasttoAlHaqq,guidetoallthatisgood,and
preventharmwhereverthoseperformingHajjor`Umraharepresent,whetherinAlMasjidAl
Haramoroutsideit,andduringTawaf,Sa`y,throwingJamrat,andallritualsofHajj.Each
personshouldbekeenonbringingallthatbenefitstheirbrothersandkeepingharmaway
fromthemalloverthecountryandduringallritualsofHajj,hopingforAllah'sreward.They
mustbeawareoftheconsequencesofbeingunjustandharmfultoothers.Thisisimpliedby
thefollowingAyah: Verily,thefirstHouse(ofworship)appointedformankindwasthatatBakkah(Makkah),fullofblessing,
andaguidanceforAlAlamn(mankindandjinn).

(PartNo:5,PageNo:140)

Itisfullofblessingsandguidancetoallbeingsbecauseofthemuchgoodgrantedtothe
visitorsof AlBaytwhentheyperformTawafandSa`yandsayTalbiyahandAdhkar,whichguide
themtoTawhidandobedienceofAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Thus,theyareguidedtoAlHaqqby
virtueofthefactthattheycometoknoweachotherandmeetandadviseeachother.Thatis
whyitisdescribedasfullofblessingsandguidancebecauseitbringsblessingsandmuchgood
toitsvisitorsbymeansofTalbiyah,Adhkar,andactsofobediencethatinformtheServantsof
theirLordandTawhidandremindthemoftheirdutiestowardsHimandHisMessenger(peace
beuponhim)andtowardsthoseperformingHajjand`Umrah,regardingadvisingthem,
cooperatingwiththem,recommendingthemtoholdfasttoAlHaqq,comfortingthepoor,
supportingthosewhohavebeenwronged,suppressingtheoppressors,andofferinghelpinall
charitablewaysofdisposition.

ThoseperformingHajjand`Umrahmustpreparethemselvestobeusefultotheirbrothersandbe
keenondoinggoodandpreventingevil.Eachofthemisresponsibleforcarryingoutwhat
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)hasentrustedthemwith,eachaccordingtotheirmeans.Allah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)says: SokeepyourdutytoAllhandfearHimasmuchasyoucan

IaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)withHisMostBeautifulNamesandAttributestoguideallMuslims
tothatwhichpleasesHimandbenefitsHisServantsandtoguidethoseperformingHajjand
`Umrahtobeneficialmattersandsalvation!MayAllahguidethemtowhatmakestheirHajj
and`UmrahacceptedandtoallgoodfortheirReligionandlife!IalsoaskAllahtograntall
pilgrimssafereturntotheirhomelands,beingguidedandhavingbenefitedfromtheirHajjina
waythatsavesthemfromtheFire,admitsthemintoJannah,andurgesthemtoholdfastto
AlHaqqwherevertheyare.

IaskAllahtoguideourrulers

(PartNo:5,PageNo:141)

toallthatisgoodandtohelppilgrimstocarryouttheritualsofHajjinawaythatpleases
Him.TheKingdomofSaudiArabiahasindeedcarriedoutmanyprojectsthathelppilgrimsto
performtheirritualsandfeelsecureintheHaram.MayAllahrewardtheconcernedauthorities
thebestanddoubletheirrewards.

Definitely,pilgrimsmustavoidallharmordisturbingthingssuchasengagingin
demonstrationsandmisleadingcallsthatannoyandharmotherpilgrims,inadditiontoother
kindsofharmsfromwhichpilgrimsmustbewareof.

Wealreadyexplainedthatapilgrimisobligatedtobenefittheirbrothersandtobekeenon
facilitatingtheritualsofHajjforthembynotharmingthemwhethertheyareonthewayor
elsewhere.IalsoaskHimtogranttheSaudigovernmentsuccessandtohelpittoprovideall
thatbenefitspilgrimsandfacilitatescarryingouttheirritualsandtoblessitsefforts.May www.ircpk.com
AllahguidethoseinchargeofHajjtoprovideallthatfacilitatespilgrims'affairsandhelp
themtocarryouttheritualsofHajjperfectly!

IaskAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)toguideallMuslimrulerseverywheretowhatever
pleasesHim,tosetrighttheirheartsanddeeds,toguidetheirretinue,andtohelpthemto
ruleaccordingtoShari`ah.WeseekrefugewithAllahfromfollowingwhimsanddelusive
temptations,forHeisindeedAllBountifulandGenerous.MaypeaceandblessingsofAllahbe
uponHisServantandMessenger,ourProphetMuhammad,anduponhisfamily,Companions,
andthosewhofollowedthemrightfully!

www.ircpk.com

RulingonReferringtoTribalCustomsandTraditionsforJudgment

(PartNo:5,PageNo:142)

From`Abdul`AzizibnBaztowhoeverreadsitfromamongtheMuslimsmayAllahhelpmeand
themtorealizeAlHaqq(theTruth)andfollowit.

A ssalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbe
uponyou!)

Thereasonforwritingthisarticleistoanswersomequestionsthathavebeenaskedbyoneof
oursincerebrothersintheKingdom.Hesaysthatinhistribe,andinsomeothertribes,there
arebadtribalcustomsforwhichAllahhasnotsentdownanyauthority,forexample:

LeavingtheBookofAllahandtheSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet)and
referringtotribalcustomsandignoranttraditionsforjudgmentand

concealmentoftestimony,refrainingfrombearingwitnessandevencommittingperjuryoutof
triballoyalty.ThereareotherreasonsthatmayleadsomepeopletogoagainstAllah's
PurifiedShar`(Law).

BecauseofourdutytobesinceretowardsAllahandHisServants,IsayandAllahistheOneWhogrants
success:MuslimsareobligedtoreferforjudgmenttotheBookofAllahandtheSunnahofHisMessenger
(peacebeuponhim)inallthings,andnottomanmadelawsortribalcustoms.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says:
Haveyounotseenthose(hypocrites)whoclaimthattheybelieveinthatwhichhasbeensentdowntoyou,andthatwhichwassent
downbeforeyou,andtheywishtogoforjudgement(intheirdisputes)totheTght(falsejudges)whiletheyhavebeenorderedto
rejectthem.ButShaitn(Satan)wishestoleadthemfarastray.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:143)

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Dotheythenseekthejudgementof(thedaysof)Ignorance?Andwhoisbetterinjudgement
thanAllhforapeoplewhohavefirmFaith. NoMuslimshouldgiveprecedencetotheruleofanyoneotherthan
AllahovertheruleofAllahandHisMessenger,nomatterwhotheyare.JustasworshipisforAllahalone,
soisjudgmentordecision.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: ThedecisionisonlyforAllh Referringforjudgmentto
anythingotherthantheBookofAllahortheSunnahofHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)isoneofthe
greatestevilsandthemostabhorrentbaddeeds,butastowhethertheonewhodoesthatisaKafir
(disbeliever),thatissubjecttofurtherdiscussion.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Butno,byyourLord,theycanhave
noFaith,untiltheymakeyou(OMuhammad)judgeinalldisputesbetweenthem,andfindinthemselvesno
resistanceagainstyourdecisions,andaccept(them)withfullsubmission.

Thus,thereisnoIman(Faith)forapersonwhodoesnotreferforjudgmenttoAllahandHisMessenger
(peacebeuponhim)withregardtotheprinciplesofDin(religion)anditssubsidiarymattersandwithregard
todisputesconcerningrightsandduties.WhoeverrefersforjudgmenttoanythingotherthanAllahandHis
MessengerhasreferredforjudgmenttoTaghut(falsegods).

Thus,thetriballeadersmustnotjudgeamongthepeopleaccordingtotribalcustomsthathavenobasisin
IslamandforwhichAllahhasnotsentdownanyauthority.Rather,theymustreferanydisputesamong
theirtribestoShari`ahcourts.Thereisnoobjectiontoreconcilingbetweendisputantsinwaysthatdonot
goagainstAllah'sPurifiedShar`,aslongastheyconsenttothatandthereisnocompulsion,becausethe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)said: ReconciliationbetweenMuslimsispermissibleexceptthereconciliationwhichmakeswhat
islawfulunlawfulandwhatisunlawfullawful. AlltribesshouldnotagreetoanythingbuttheruleofAllahandHis
Messenger.

Regardingtestimony,itisHaram(prohibited)forapersontoconcealitaslongastheycanbearwitness,
becauseAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Andthewitnessesshouldnotrefusewhentheyarecalled(forevidence).

(PartNo:5,PageNo:144)

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andconcealnottheevidenceforhe,whohidesit,surelyhisheartissinful.

Thus,itisobligatorytogiveacorrecttestimonywheneveritisrequired,becauseitisameanstoestablish
justiceandAlHaqq.Ontheotherhand,concealingitisagravesinbecauseitleadstothelossofrights,
wrongingothers,andisasortofcooperatinginsinandtransgression.

JustasitisHaramtoconcealtestimony,itisalsoHaramtobearfalsewitnessforwhateverreason.Infact,
bearingfalsewitnessisamajorsin.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Soshuntheabomination(worshipping)ofidol,and
shunlyingspeech(falsestatements) TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said: ShouldIinformyouofthe
gravestmajorsin?Wesaid:Yes,OAllah'sMessenger!Hesaid:ToassociateothersinworshipwithAllahandtobeundutifultoone's
parents.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)thensatupafterhehadbeenreclining(onapillow)andsaid:AndIwarnyouagainst www.ircpk.com
bearingafalsewitness,andIwarnyouagainstbearingafalsewitness. (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim).

Accordingly,concealingtestimonyisHaramaswellasbearingfalsewitness.Infact,theyaremajorsinsas
provenbyAyahs(Qur'anicverses)andSahihHadiths(authenticHadith)reportedfromtheMessengerof
Allah(peacebeuponhim).

ThosewhopracticebadcustomsandregardthemasgoodonesshouldfearAllahandabidebytheQur'an
andtheSunnah.Moreover,theymustbewareofanythingthatgoesagainstShari`ahandrepenttoAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)fromopposingAllah'sShar`ah.Theyarerequiredtorefertheirdisputesto
Shari`ahcourtsandjudges

(PartNo:5,PageNo:145)

intheircountriestoapplytheruleofAllahandenforcetheShari`ahtheymustnotrefertoanyotherrule
butthis.

MayAllahguideusalltothatwhichHelovesandpleasesHim!MayHeprotectallofusfromthedelusive
trialsandtheincitementofSatan,forHeisindeedAllHearer,EverNear!Maypeaceandblessingsbeupon
ourProphetandImam,Muhammad,anduponhisfamilyandCompanions!Assalamu`alaykum
warahmatullahwabarakatuh!

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QabilyandKhudairy

(PartNo:5,PageNo:146)

Q:Whatisthemeaningofsaying:QabilyandKhudairy?

A : ThisisaminorissueknownamongpeoplethatAlQabilyistheonewhobelongstoawellknowntribe
suchasQahtany,Sabi`y,Tamimy,Qurashy,Hashimyandthelike.Thisistheonewhoisdescribedas
Qabilyi.e.adescendentofaQabilah(tribe).ItmaybesaidQabalylikeHanafy,Raba`yandsuchlike
accordingtothesyntaxrulesofascriptiontothewordQabila.

ThetermKhudairyaccordingtopeople'straditioniscommoninNajdinparticularandIdonotknowofany
otherplacethatusesit.ItmeansthepersonwhoisanArab,speaksArabicandlivesamongtheArabsbut
doesnotbelongtoawellknowntribeorclani.e.isnotknowntobeaKahtany,TamimyorQurashy.

TheMawla(freedslave)accordingtoArabtraditionistheonewhowasoriginallyaslaveandthenbecame
free.The`AjamarethenonArabs(singularisA`jamy).

TherulingofAllah'sDin(religionofIslam)statesthatthereisnosuperiorityofanyoneovertheother
exceptwithregardtoTaqwa(fearingAllahasHeshouldbefeared),whetherapersonisknowntobe
Qabily,Khudairy,MawlaorA`jamy,fortheyareallalike.Thereisnosuperiorityofthisoverthatexcept
withregardtoTaqwa,justastheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: ThereisnosuperiorityofanAraboveranon
AraborofanonAraboveranArabexceptintermsofTaqwa,andthereisnosuperiorityofawhitemanoverablackmanorofa
blackmanoverawhiteman,exceptintermsofTaqwa. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Omankind!Wehave
createdyoufromamaleandafemale,andmadeyouintonationsandtribes,thatyoumayknowoneanother.Verily,themost
honourableofyouwithAllhisthat(believer)whohasAtTaqw[i.e.heisoneoftheMuttaqn(thepious.SeeV.2:2)].

However,inthepast,itwasthetraditionoftheArabstogivetheirdaughtersformarriage

(PartNo:5,PageNo:147)

tothetribeswhichtheyknew,andrefusedtomarrythemtopersonsbelongingtotribeswhichtheydidnot
know.Unfortunately,thisstillprevailsamongpeople.Somemightforbearthisandmarrythemtoa
Khudairy,Mawlaoran`Ajamy,likewhathadhappenedduringthelifetimeoftheProphet(peacebeupon
him),forhe(peacebeuponhim)hadmarriedUsamahIbnZaydIbnHarithah,(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)his
Mawla,toFatimahbintQays(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)whobelongedtoQuraysh.Thesamehappened
whenAbuHudhayfahibn`UtbahibnRabi`ah,whobelongedtoQuraysh.HemarriedhisMawla,Salim,tothe
daughterofhisbrother,AlWalidIbn`Utbah,disregardingthefactthathewasaMawla.

ThisalsohappenedamongsttheSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet)mayAllahbepleasedwiththem
andthosewhosucceededthem.People,especiallyinNajdandsomeotherplaces,mightstillactstubbornlyin
thisregardaccordingtowhattheyhaveinheritedfromtheirparentsandancestors.Someofthemmight
evenfearembarrassingtheirtribeiftheyaskaboutthereasonforgivingone'sdaughterinmarriagetoa
certainperson,athingthatcouldlead,accordingtotheirview,toviolatingthetribalcodeandmixing
lineage.However,someofthemmighthavereasonableexcuses(forrefusal),andthereisnoharminthis.

Theimportantthingistochooseasuitablepersonformarriagerelationshipinaccordancewiththeirreligion
andmorals.Thisistherightthingtodo,whetherapersonisArabic,A`jamy,Mawla,Khudairyorotherthan
that,asthisisthebasis.However,ifapersoninsistsonhavingamarriagerelationshipwithhistribeonly,
weknowofnoharminthis.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)istheOneWhograntssuccess.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:148)

AMessagetotheStrivingScholarsofAfghanistanregardingtheturmoilfomentedbythe
EnemiesofAllahamongtheMujahideen

From`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahibnBaztoourbrothers,scholarsoftheAfghanMujahideen(those
striving/fightingintheCauseofAllah),mayAllahgrantthemsuccessandenforcereligion
withthem!

Peacebeuponyou

Tocommence:

Youknow,mayAllahgrantyouandmesuccess,thatAllahhonoredyouwithknowledge,
adornedyouwithit,raisedyourstatusanddegrees,andmadeyouwitnessesoverpeople.
Theyfollowyouandknowtherulingsonwhatislawfulandwhatisunlawfulfromyou.Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)tookthepromiseandcovenantfromscholars,whoaretheinheritorsofthe
prophets,toexplainthetruthtopeopleandnottoconcealit.Itisacovenantthatmustbe
fulfilledandmustnotbebroken.Whoeverviolatesorneglectskeepingthepromiseisexposed
tothetruethreatandseverepunishment.Bythesequalities,virtueisascertainedandthe
dutyofscholarswinsunioneventhoughtheycomefromdifferentcountries.Beliefand
searchingforthetruthbasedonevidencefromtheBookofAllahandtheSunnahofHis
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)aswellasguidanceofscholarshaveunitedthem.

ItisnosecretthatscholarsarethepeoplewhorememberAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Themasses
arefollowers.Ascholarisaskedabouthimselfaswellasothers.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:149)

Hisguidanceisforhimandothers,becausescholarsarethepeopleofdeepinsight,wisdom
andfearingAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Peoplefollowthemandareguidedbytheirwordsand
actions.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)guidedyoutofightinHisCauseagainstHisenemiesinthis
wayyouaremoreentitledwiththeknowledgewhichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)grantedyouand
fulfilledHispromisetoyouthatHewouldsupportyou.WepraiseAllah(ExaltedbeHe),Who
honoredusbygivingaFatwaontheobligationofJihad(fightinginthecauseofAllah)byyour
side,provideaidandsupporttoyouinordertostrengthenthetiesofbrotherhood.Thus,
Muslimshaveflockedfromallaroundtheworldforthesakeofreward,seekingParadiseand
supportingtheirweakfellowMuslims.Thus,Jihadtookonaninternationalformandthe
realityofMuslimbrotherhoodhasbeenreinforcedinsideMuslims.However,thisbrotherhood,
consequentially,hasirritatedunbelieversallovertheworld.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)madetheir
plotsfailtodivideMuslimsorinflictthemwithlossrather,HemadetheMujahideen
victorious.Theenemiesofreligionarenowresortingtoanothermeanstospreaddifference
andanimosityamongMuslimsthroughdoctrinaldisputesthatexistamongMuslimssince
ancienttimes.Theylitturmoilandarousedthemassestospoiltherelationbetweenthe
AfghanMujahideen andtheirfellowMuslimsandnooneisabletoputoffthisturmoilbutyou,
scholars.

YouknowMayAllahsaveyouthatthedoctrinaldisagreementinbrancheshastakenplace
throughouttimebutitdidnotcausehatred,enmityordisputesbecausetheIslamicnation
agreedonconstantsandfundamentals.JuristicdisagreementtookplaceamongtheFour
Imams(AbuHanifah,Malik,AlShafi`y,andAhmad)startingfromImamAbuHanifah(mayAllah
beMercifulwithhim),ImamMalik(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim),thenImamAlShafi`y(may
Allahbemercifulwithhim)andImam AhmadibnHanbal(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)butno
seditionorhatredtookplaceamongthem,althoughtheydisagreedinunderstandingand
Ijtihad(juristicefforttoinferexpertlegalrulings).Theyrespectedoneanothereachpraised
hisbrother,andgaveotherspreferencetohimself.Thisspiritmustprevailamongtoday's
scholarseveniftheydifferinthebranchesofreligion.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:150)

You,dearscholarsin Afghanistan,knowthatMuslimslefttheircountriesforthesakeofJihad
whiletheyholddifferentFiqhiviewsi.e.Hanafy,Maliky,Shafi`yandHanbaly.YoumayAllah
grantyouandussuccessaremoreentitledtoexplainthistothemassesandwarnthem
againstthedangeroffollowingdisbelieversintheturmoilandseditions.Theyspreadamong
themassesthattheMujahideen,especiallytheArabs,havecometounderminetheHanafy
Madhhab.Youknowthatthisturmoiliscausedbytheunbelieverswiththepurposeofsowing
theseedsofenmityandturmoilamongtheMuslims.Itisnosecretthatthefollowersofthe
Mujtahids(scholarsqualifiedtoexercisejuristicefforttoinferexpertlegalrulings)donotcall
thosewhodisagreewiththemasFasiq(someoneflagrantlyviolatingIslamiclaw)ornon
Muslims.TheydonotconsiderfollowingotherthantheirImam(initiatorofaSchoolof www.ircpk.com
Jurisprudence)adeniableactthatmustberesistedandstopped.Thisisthe`Aqidah(creed)
ofallscholarsandyourduty,brothers,topreventtheturmoilamongMuslimsbyexplaining
thetruth,enlighteningthemasses,wardingoffevil,holdingfastwiththeQur'anandthe
SunnahandexplainingthatthefollowersoftheFourImamsareallbrothers,offeringSalah
(prayer)behindoneanotherandrespectingoneanothereveniftheydifferinsomebranches
ofreligion.ThefollowersofShaykhMuhammadibn`AbdulWahhab(MayAllahbeMercifulwithhim)
followtheHanbalyMadhhabbuttheyadmitthevirtueoftheFourImamsandconsiderthefollowers
ofthefourMadhhabsareallbrotherstothem.Ihopeyouexplaintopeoplethismatterto
thwarttheplanoftheenemyinsowingseedsofenmityandhatredamongtheAfghanMujahideen,
ArabMujahideen,andotherfollowersoftheotherImams (Malik,AlShafi`yandAhmadmayAllahbe
Mercifulwiththem).

MayAllahguideyou,blessyourefforts,andmakethetruthvictoriousbyyou!MayAllahmake
youandusfromtheguidedoneswhosupporttheReligionofAllah,defendHisShari`ah,and
thosewhocalltoAllahwithknowledge,forHeisAllAble.

Peacebeuponyou.

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HisEminenceShaykh`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahibnBazinaninterviewwith"AlMujahid"

(PartNo:5,PageNo:151)

Q1:CouldyoukindlygiveafinalwordabouttheobligationofJihad(strivingintheCauseof
Allah)?

A : TheAfghanJihadisalegitimateJihadforaMuslimcountryagainstanonMuslimcountry.
Itisobligatorytosupportitandhelpthoseinchargewithallkindsofsupport.Itisan
individualobligationonourAfghanMuslimbrotherstodefendtheirreligion,peopleandcountry
whileitisacollectiveobligationonotherMuslims,becauseofAllah'sSaying: Marchforth,whether
youarelight(beinghealthy,youngandwealthy)orheavy(beingill,oldandpoor),andstrivehardwithyourwealthandyourlivesin
theCauseofAllh.Thisisbetterforyou,ifyoubutknew. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!Do
yourdutytoAllhandfearHim.AndseekthemeansofapproachtoHim,andstrivehardinHisCause(asmuchasyoucan),sothat
youmaybesuccessful.

TherearenumerousAyahstothiseffectapplyingtoalltheMuslimMujahideeninintheCauseof
AllahintheworldinAfghanistan,Palestine,Philippinesandothercountries.

ItisauthenticallyreportedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)thathesaid: Useyourproperty,
yourpersonsandyourtonguesinstrivingagainsttheMushriks(oneswhoassociateotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship). We
askAllah(ExaltedbeHe)toprovidetheMuslimbrotherswhofightforHissakeinAfghanistanand
otherplaces

(PartNo:5,PageNo:152)

greatvictory,helpthemagainsttheenemiesofAllah,maketheirheartsandfeetfirmand
unitetheirwordonthetruth.WeaskHimtodisgracetheenemiesofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
wherevertheyareandtoturnmattersupsidedownagainstthem,forHeistheOnewhois
Abletodothat.

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Q2:DoesYourEminencefollowthenewsofMujahids(MuslimFighters)byyourself?Doyou
contactthempersonallyordoyoujustreceivereportsaboutthem?

A : Wedothisandthat.WefollowthenewsofJihad(strivingintheCauseofAllah)andread
reportsabouttheirJihadasmuchaswecan.

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Q3:WhatisyourestimationofthespreadofthedoctrineofAhlulSunnahwalJama`ah
(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody)amongMuslimsallovertheworld?

A : IknowfromdifferentsourcesthattheIslamicmovement,praisebetoAllah,isverystrong
allovertheworldandtherearemanywhoembracedIslamattheendofthe14thA.H.
Centuryandattheoutsetofthe15thcenturyA.H.Thisindicatesanabundanceofgoodness.

IlearntfromdifferentsourcesthattheactivityofthecallerstoAllahinAsia,Africa,USA,Europeand
Australiahasbeenveryfruitful,whichindicatesplentyofgoodness.CallerstoAllahhaveto
doubleeffortsandaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)forhelpandsuccesssothatthebenefitwouldbe
greatandtheoutcomewouldbegood.

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Q4:SomepeopleworkinginAlDa`wahAlIslamiyyah(calltoIslam)maintaintheviewthat
talkingaboutTawhidulAsma'walSifat(OnenessofAllah'sNamesandAttributes)shouldbe
quitted,onthegroundthatthiscausesdisunityamongMuslimsandhindersthemfrom
fulfillingtheirmainduty,whichisJihad(fighting/strivingintheCauseofAllah).Towhat
degreeistheirviewvalid?

A:Thisisaninvalidview,forAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)hasclarifiedHisNamesandAttributes

(PartNo:5,PageNo:153)

inHisNobleBook.HehasmentionedthissothattheMu'minin(believers)cangettoknow,
callfor,describeandPraiseAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)withthem.Manyreportsfrom
theMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)havebeennarratedthathe(peacebeuponhim)
hadmentionedAllah'sNamesandAttributes,praisedHimwiththemandencouragedpeople
todothatinhisKhutab(sermons)anddiscussionswithhiscompanions.

Therefore,thepeopleofknowledgeandIman(faith)shouldspreadAllah'sNamesand
AttributesandmentionthemintheirKhutab,writingsandpreachingandremindpeopleof
them.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)isknownandworshipedbythem.Weshouldneitherneglectnor
disregardmentioningthemonthepleathatsomelaypeoplemightbecomedubious,orsome
ofthosewhoadheretoBid`ah(innovationinreligion)mightdistractpeopleinthisissue.
Rather,anydoubtfulmattermustbeclarified.Itshouldbedeclaredthatitisobligatoryto
proveAllah'sNamesandAttributesinawaythatbefitsHim(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
withoutTahrif(distortionofthemeaning),Ta`til(denialofAllah'sAttributes),Takyif
(questioningAllah'sAttributes)orTamthil(likeningAllah'sAttributestothoseofHis
Creation),sothattheunawaremayknowthisruling,andthosewhopracticeBid`ahstop,and
theproofisestablishedagainstthem.

A h lu lSunnahwalJama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody)
clarifiedintheirbooksthatitisthedutyofallMuslims,especiallythepeopleofknowledge,to
takeAyatu lSifat(QuranicversesincludingAllah'sAttributes)andtheHadithsreportedin
thisregardastheyarewithoutTa'wil(allegoricalinterpretation)orTakyifofAllah's
Attributes(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).Rather,theyshouldtakethemastheyhavebeen
revealed,alongwithbelievingintheirTruthfulnessandascribingthemtoHim(Glorifiedbe
He).PeopleshouldalsobelievethattheirmeaningsaretrueinawaythatbefitsAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),suchasAlRahman(TheGracious),AlRahim(TheMerciful),Al
`Aziz(TheAllMighty),AlHakim(TheAllWise),AlQadir(TheAllPowerful),AlSami`(the
AllHearer),AlBasir(theAllSeer),andsoon.

Thus,theyshouldbetakenastheyhavebeenrevealedalongwithbelievinginthem,and
knowingthatAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)isuniqueandnoonecouldbecomparedorequatedwith
Him(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).WearenotallowedtoquestiontheNamesorAttributes,
becauseitisonlyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)whoknowstheirnature.Thus,asHe(GlorifiedbeHe)
hasaSelfthatdoesnotresembleotherselves,itisimpermissibletoquestionitHehas
Attributesthatdonotresemblehumanattributesanditisalsoimpermissibletoquestion
them.WhatappliestotheAttributesalsoappliestotheSelf.Thisis

(PartNo:5,PageNo:154)

whatwasreportedfromallAhlulSunnah,theCompanionsoftheMessenger(peacebeupon
him)andwhofollowedthem(mayAllahbepleasedwithallofthem).Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)
says: Say(OMuhammad):"HeisAllh,(the)One. "AllhusSamad()
[AllhtheSelfSufficientMaster,Whomallcreaturesneed,(Heneithereatsnordrinks)]. "Hebegetsnot,norwasHebegotten.
"AndthereisnonecoequalorcomparableuntoHim."Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: ThereisnothinglikeHimand
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: SoputnotforwardsimilitudesforAllh(asthereis
HeistheAllHearer,theAllSeer.
nothingsimilartoHim,norHeresemblesanything).Truly!Allhknowsandyouknownot. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)also
says: And(all)theMostBeautifulNamesbelongtoAllh,socallonHimbythem ThereareabundantAyahs
stressingthismeaning.

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Q5:IsitallrightifaMujahid,whoisfightingforthesakeofAllah,declineshisdutytocorrect
whatiswrongwhenseeingsomeMujahidsviolatingsometypesofTawhid(beliefinthe
OnenessofAllah/monotheism)?

A:Thereisacomprehensiverulingstatingthatitisnotpermissibletodelaytheconveyanceof
Islamicknowledgeatthetimeofnecessity.Ifthereissomeonewhoisignorantofacertain
issue,theyshouldbeinformedbythosewhoknowit.Itisnotpermissibletowithholdsuch
necessaryinformation,inordertopleasesomeone.

IfabelieverhearssomeonespeakingwordsthatdenoteShirk(associatingothersinworship
withAllah),seesaBid`ah(innovationinreligion)thatcontradictsShari`ah,oranobvioussin
beingcommitted,theyhavetocondemnthepeoplecommittingthesethings.Itisobligatory
thattheindividualexpressesthetruthpertainingtotheOnenessofAllahandcondemns
Bid`ahandsinsinawaythatbringsaboutbenefitwhiletakingleniencyandwisdominto
consideration.

Thereismoreflexibilitywithsupererogatorypractices.Noblameifsomeareleftwithout
focusregardsthesupererogatoryminorissueswhenaShari`ahacknowledgedreasonis
there,suchassaying'amen'outaloudandraisingone'shands[whensayingTakbir]inSalah
(prayer),andsuchsupererogatorypractices.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:155)

Discussionsaboutthesesupererogatoryissuesandtheirlikecanbeputonholduntiltheright
time,fortheyaresupererogatoryandnotobligatory.

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Q6:YourEminence,thereisagreatdealofdifferencebetweenthosewhoworkinthefieldof
Dawah(CalltoAllah),whichleadstofailureandlossofprogressarisingfromignoranceofthe
etiquetteofdifferinginopinion.Couldyoupleasegiveussomeadviceinthisregard?

A : Yes,IadviseallmyMuslimbrothers,thescholarsandDuah(callerstoIslam)toadopt
goodmannersandleniencyinDawah,especiallyinthecontroversialissueswhendebating
andstudyingthem.Iwouldaskthemnottoletenthusiasmandintensitymakethemsaywhat
shouldnotbesaid,asthiscausesdivision,discord,mutualhatred,anddisunity.Instead,the
D uah,teachers,andguidesshouldusebeneficialmethodsandleniencywhenspeaking,in
orderfortheirwordstobeacceptedandtonotmakepeopleavoidthem.AsAllah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)saidtoHisProphet(peacebeuponhim): AndbytheMercyofAllh,youdealtwiththem
gently.Andhadyoubeensevereandharshhearted,theywouldhavebrokenawayfromaboutyou

Allah(mayHebePraised)alsosaidtoMusa(Moses,peacebeuponhim)andHarun(Aaron,
peacebeuponhim),whenHesentthemtoPharaoh: "Andspeaktohimmildly,perhapshemayacceptadmonition
orfear(Allh)." Allah(mayHebePraised)alsosays: Invite(mankind,OMuhammad)tothe
WayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewiththemin
awaythatisbetter. AndHe(mayHebePraised)says: AndarguenotwiththepeopleoftheScripture(Jewsand
Christians),unlessitbein(away)thatisbetter(withgoodwordsandingoodmanner,invitingthemtoIslmicMonotheismwithHis
Verses),exceptwithsuchofthemasdowrong

(PartNo:5,PageNo:156)

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Kindnessdoesnotbecomeapartofanythingwithoutadorningit,andisnot
withdrawnfromanythingwithoutmarringit. Andhe(peacebeuponhim)said, Anyonewhoisdeprivedofkindnessis
deprivedofallgood.

TheDuahandteachersshouldutilizebeneficialmethodsandbewareofstrictnessand
harshness,becausethismightleadtorejectionofAlHaqq(theTruth),wideningthegapof
disagreement,anddisunityamongMuslims,althoughtheiraimistoclarifyAlHaqq,
encourageacceptanceofit,andtobenefitpeoplefromtheirDawah.Theaimisnotto
demonstrateyourknowledge,thatyouarecallingtoAllahorthatyouarejealouslyprotective
oftheDin(religionofIslam),asAllahknowsthesecretandthatwhichisyetmorehidden.
TheaimistospreadDawahandbenefitpeoplethroughyouradvice.Youshould,therefore,
seektohelppeopleacceptyouradviceandbecautiousagainstwhatmaycausethemto
repulseitandrefusetoacceptit.

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Q7:FromyourknowledgeofthehistoryofAlRafidah(aShiahgroupdenyingthecaliphates
ofAbuBakrAlSiddiqandUmaribnAlKhattabandmakingaccusationsagainstthemand
manyotherCompanionsoftheProphet),whatisyourstanceontheprincipleofreconciling
betweenthemandAhlulSunnahwalJamaah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslim
mainbody)?

A : reconcilingbetween A lRafidahandAhlu lSunnahisnotpossible,becausetheyhavea


differentAqidah(creed).TheAqidahofAhlulSunnahwalJamaahisTawhid(beliefinthe
OnenessofAllah/monotheism),sincereandpuredevotionofIbadah(worship)toAllahAlone
(mayHebePraisedandExalted),withoutassociatinganypartnerwithHimnotevenaclose
angelnoracommissionedProphetandthatAllah(mayHebePraised)istheOneWhoknows
theGhayb(Unseen).TheAqidahofAhlu lSunnahwalJamaahalsoentailslovingallthe
Sahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet,mayAllahbepleasedwithallofthem),askingAllahto
bepleasedwiththem,andbelievingthattheywerethebestofAllahsCreationsafterthe
prophets,andthatthebestamongthemwereAbuBakrAlSiddiq,thenUmar,thenUthman,andthenAly
(mayAllahbepleasedwiththemall).AlRafidahholdsadifferentAqidahinthisregard.Itis,
therefore,notpossibletocombinewiththeminthesamewayitisnotpossibletocombinethe
Jews,theChristians,theidolworshipperswithAhlu lSunnah.Therefore,itisnotpossibleto
reconcilebetweenAlRafidahandAhlulSunnah,duetothedifferencesintheirAqidah,whichwe
havejustclarified.

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(PartNo:5,PageNo:157)

Q8:Isitpermissibletocooperatewiththeminfightingtheexternalenemy,suchas
communism?

A : Ithinkthisisnotpossible.Rather,AhlulSunnah(thoseadheringtotheSunnah)should
uniteandcallRafidah(aShi`ahgroupdenyingthecaliphatesofAbuBakrAlSiddiqand`UmaribnAlKhattabandmaking
accusationsagainstthemandmanyotherCompanionsoftheProphet)toabidebytheBookofAllahandthe
SunnahoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim).Whenthey(i.e.AlRafidah)conformtotheQur'an
andSunnah,therewillbenoroomforseparationbetweenthemandus.However,aslongas
theyturnadeafeartowardissuessuchasabhorringtheCompanions(mayAllahbepleased
withthem),insultingthemexceptforasmallnumberofthem,insultingAlSiddiqand`Umar(mayAllah
bepleasedwiththem),worshippingAhlulBayt(membersoftheProphet'sextendedMuslimfamily)
like`Aly(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim),Fatimah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher),AlHasanandAlHusayn(mayAllah
bepleasedwiththem),believingthatthetwelveImamsareinfallibleandknowtheunseenandthe
likeofthemostmisleadingfalsehoodswhichruncountertothebeliefofAhlulSunnahwal
Jama`ah,thereshouldbenoformofcooperationbetweenAhlulSunnahandthem.

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Q9:WhatshouldaMuslimdowithregardtothesectariandifferencesbetweenMuslimparties
andgroups?

A : AMuslimshouldadheretothetruthindicatedbyAllah'sBookandtheSunnahofAllah's
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)anddealwithothersonthisbasis.AMuslimshouldlovethose
whoadheretothistruth,showenmitywiththosewhofailtohaveit,anddisavowandoppose
everypartyordoctrinethatcontradictsthetruth.

ThereligionofAllahisintegralitistherightpathrepresentedinworshipingAllah(Exalted
beHe)andfollowingHisMessengerMuhammad(peacebeuponhim).

ThisisthesoundviewthateveryMuslimshouldadoptatrueMuslimisthatwhoworships
Allah(ExaltedbeHe),followshisShari`ah(divinelaws)whichHe(ExaltedbeHe)revealedto
HisProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim),devotesworshiptoHimAlone,seeksnoneother
thanAllah(mayHeExaltedandGlorified)withworship,shunseverydoctrinethatlacksthese
factsoranypartythatcontradictsthisbelief,andcallspeopletothetruthsubstantiatedby
Shar`y(legallyaccepted)evidence

(PartNo:5,PageNo:158)

withkindnessandtheuseofusefulmethodinshowingthetruth.

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Q10:WhatistherulingontheAfghanswholiveamongstthecommunists?

A : Thisneedsfurtherdetails.Iftheyarenotabletomigrate,theywillbeexcused,forAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)says: Verily!Asforthosewhomtheangelstake(indeath)whiletheyarewrongingthemselves(asthey
stayedamongthedisbelieverseventhoughemigrationwasobligatoryforthem),they(angels)say(tothem):"Inwhat(condition)
wereyou?"Theyreply:"Wewereweakandoppressedontheearth."They(angels)say:"WasnottheearthofAllhspaciousenough
foryoutoemigratetherein?"SuchmenwillfindtheirabodeinHellWhatanevildestination! Excepttheweakonesamongmen,
womenandchildrenwhocannotdeviseaplan,noraretheyabletodirecttheirway. ThesearetheywhomAllhislikelytoforgive
them,andAllhisEverOftPardoning,OftForgiving.

Theyshouldhastentomigrateassoonastheyareabletodoso.Theyshouldgotocountries
wheretheycanopenlyobservetheirDin(religionofIslam)andfeelsafe.However,ifthey
havetheabilitytomigrate,butarereluctant,thiswillbeasin.Moreover,theywillfallunder
greatdanger,formigrationisobligatoryonhavingtheabilitytodoso,accordingtoIjma`
(consensus)ofmanyMuslimscholars,includingAlHafizhIbnKathir(mayAllahbemercifulto
him)inhisTafsir(explanation/exegesisofthemeaningsoftheQur'an)ofthepreviousAyahs.
IbnKathirnotesthatmigrationisobligatoryuponthosewhoareabletodoso,fromcountries
whereKufr(disbelief)prevailsandMuslimsareunabletoopenlyobservetheirDin.

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Q11:ThereisnoticeableprevalenceofanIslamicawakeningamongMuslims,theyouthin
particular.WhatareyourdirectivestothisIslamicawakening?Whatarethedangersyoufear
withregardtoit?

A : IhavesaidpreviouslywhenansweringsomequestionsthattheIslamicmovement,which
hasbeenactive

(PartNo:5,PageNo:159)

activesincelatelastcenturyandthroughthiscentury,bringsgladtidings.PraisebetoAllah,
itisspreadallovertheworldandisinacontinuousadvancementandprogress.

Muslims,ontheirpart,shouldsupportthismovementandcooperatewiththosewhoshoulder
itsresponsibilities.Indeed,thereshouldbeakindofsupportandhelpforthosepersonsto
accomplishtheirmissionalongtheway.Iadvisethemtobeontheirguardagainst
extravaganceandnegligencesinceeveryIslamiccalloractionisafflictedwithoneoftwo
satanicinsinuations:remissnessandexcessiveness.

Therefore,scholarsandpeopleofinsightshouldsupportthiscallanddirectthosewholeadit
towardmoderationandwarnthemagainstexcessiveness,lestthisshouldleadthemtoBid`ah
(innovatedinreligion)orfailingtofulfilltherightsofAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Iappealtothem
toIslamizetheircallthroughadherencetothereligionofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andtheright
path.ThiscanbeachievedthroughdevotiontoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andfollowingHis
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)withneitherexcessivenessnorremissness.Iftheydoso,this
Islamicmovementwillbefruitful.Theleadersofthismovementinparticularshouldbe
interestedinthismatterandattendtoit,thusavoidingbothoppositeends.AllahistheOne
Whograntssuccess.

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Q12:Whatisyouropinionregardingthegroup,calledJama`atAlDa`wahilaAlQur'anwa
AlSunnah(GroupofCallingtoQur'anandSunnah)?

A : Weknowitisagoodandrighteousgroup.AllpraisebetoAllah,itscalliseffectiveand
beneficialanditfollowstheManhaj(methodology)ofSalaf(righteouspredecessors).May
Allahguideitandeveryoneinchargeofittogoodness!

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(PartNo:5,PageNo:160)

Q13:AlMujahidMagazineissuedwithoutdisplayinganyphotosorprohibitedimageshas
provenitispossibletopublishadistinguishedmagazinewithoutcommittinganyprohibited
act.Willyousayawordtoencourageothermagazinestofollowsuit?

A : ItisobligatorytopublishnewspapersandmagazineswithoutTaswir(painting,drawing,
sculpture,andphotography).TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)cursedthe
Musawwir(onewhomakespicturesandstatues,orphotographsoflivingbeings)andwarned
thathewillreceivetheseverestpunishmentontheDayofResurrection.Thetermcovers
photographyandsculpture.Whoeverclaimsthereisadifferenceshouldprovidetheevidence
tosupporthisview.IfTaswirisofwomen,itwillbegraverinprohibition,severerin
punishmentandmoreevil.Therefore,itisobligatorytoabstainfromalltypesofTaswir.Itis
thedutyofnewspaperandmagazineeditorstofearAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),hold
fasttoHisShari`ah(Islamiclaw),bewareofanythingthatcontradictsHisOrdersandbe
mindfulofHim.

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Q14:WhatisYourExcellency'sevaluationoftheIslamicmedia?Havetheyfulfilledtheirrole
towardtheAfghancause?

A : Duetomybeingsobusyandlackingoffreetime,Idonotfollowthenewsregularly.
Therefore,Icannotevaluatetheroleofthemediainthisregard.However,Icansaythat
MuslimmediashouldpaydueattentiontoMujahids(thosefightingintheCauseofAllah)in
Afghanistan,encouragepeopletosupportandaidthem,andpromoteanyactthatmayunitetheir
ranksandhelptheminfightingagainsttheirenemy,theenemyofAllah.

Q15:WillyousayawordtoAlMujahidmagazinestaff?

A:Iadvisethoseinchargeofthemagazinetocontinuepublishingitandtowrite

(PartNo:5,PageNo:161)

articlesthatbenefitMuslimsingeneralandMujahidsinparticular.Ihopethemagazinewill
presentthetruthregardingdoubtfulmattersthatspreadamongMujahidsnowadays,giving
evidencefromShari`ah(Islamiclaw)toclarifymattersandalloweveryonetofollowthe
Truth.Thoseinchargeofthemagazinecancarryoutthisrolethroughcorrespondencewith
MuslimscholarscommittedtotheSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet)and
publishingtheircontributions.Moreover,Ihopethemagazinewillcontinueasithasdoneup
tillnowinallitspreviousissuesbanningthepublicationofanyphotos,inobediencetothe
Sahih(authentic)Hadithsrelatedinthisregard.

MayAllahgrantsuccesstoeveryoneinchargeofthemagazineandtheirhead,ShaykhJamilAl
Rahman,forAllahistheAllHearer,EverNear.PeaceandblessingsbeuponourProphet
Muhammad,hisfamilyandCompanions.

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SupportingtheAfghanMujahidinandmigrantsisoneofthebestcharitableactsthatdraws
onenearertoAllah

(PartNo:5,PageNo:162)

PraisebetoAllah,Alone,andpeaceandblessingsbeupontheFinalProphet,hisfamily,andall
Companions.Allah(mayHebeBlessedandExalted)says: ThelikenessofthosewhospendtheirwealthintheWayof
Allh,isasthelikenessofagrain(ofcorn)itgrowssevenears,andeachearhasahundredgrains.Allhgivesmanifoldincreaseto
whomHewills.

TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said: Mu'minun(believers)intheirmutuallove,mercyandcompassionare
likeonebody:whenanypartcomplains(isinpain),thewholebodyrespondstoitwithwakefulnessandfever.

He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: AMu'min(believer)toanotherMu'minislikeabuildingwhosedifferentpartsenforceeach
otherandhe(theProphet)intertwinedhisfingers. Moreover,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Whoeverequipsa
warrior(onestriving/fightingintheCauseofAllah)hasfoughthimself,andwhoeverisleftbehindtotakecareofawarrior'sfamily
hasfoughthimself.

Therefore,supportingtheAfghanMujahidin(thosestriving/fightingintheCauseofAllah)andthemigrants
isoneofthebestcharitableandpiousacts,ifitisofferedintheformofZakah(obligatorycharity)orany
otherform.ThewisdomofgivingZakah(obligatorycharity)andSadaqah(voluntarycharity)inIslamisto
makeaMuslimfeelbondedtotheirfellowMuslimsbysharingtheirpain,distressandcalamities,which
causetheMuslims'heartstorelentandactkindlytowardthem,andtodonatefromwhatAllah(Exaltedbe
He)hasbestoweduponthemwithawillingheartandsoulthatisassuredwithIman(faith).

T h eAfghanMujahidinandmigrantsamongthemmayAllahgrantallofthemsuccesssufferfromserious
problemsintheirlives,buttheyendurethemdespitethefactthattheirenemy,theenemyoftheDin
(religionofIslam),strikesthemseverelywithitsweaponsandallitsdestructivepower.Nevertheless,they

(PartNo:5,PageNo:163)

praisebetoAllahmaintaintheirstandandpersistintheirJihad,asreportedbythemediaandpeople
whohavesharedtheJihadwiththemwithoutfailureorslackness.Yet,theirproblemhasrisenasaresultof
thedestructionandruinationcausedtotheirhomesbytheRussianweaponsandwarplanes,nottomention
thepovertythatbefallstheirpeople,drivingthemoutoftheirhomesinmassestoPakistanandother
countries.ThelatestnewsreportsabouttheAfghanrefugeeshastakenthenumbertomorethanthree
millionsinPakistanalone.Allofthemarenowhomeless.Theonlysourceoflivelihoodremainingistheaid
offeredbysomegenerouspeople.

IherebyissueacalltoourfellowMuslimseverywheretosupporttheirAfghanbrothersfrom(thesustenance)
whichAllahhasbestoweduponthem.OneofthemeansofdoingthisistheZakahwhichAllah(Exaltedbe
He)hasenjoinedontheirmoneytobedistributedtotheeightcategoriesofZakahrecipients,specifiedby
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)inSurahAlTawbah,underwhichourAfghanMujahidinandrefugeesfall.

Allah(mayHebeBlessedandExalted)hasprescribedarightintherichperson'smoneytotheirfellow
MuslimsinmanyAyahsofHisNobleBook,suchas: Andthoseinwhosewealththereisarecognisedright Forthe
beggarwhoasks,andfortheunluckywhohaslosthispropertyandwealth,(andhismeansoflivinghasbeenstraitened). and:
BelieveinAllhandHisMessenger(Muhammad),andspendofthatwhereofHehasmadeyoutrustees.Andsuch
ofyouasbelieveandspend(inAllhsWay),theirswillbeagreatreward.

Thus,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)rewardsaMuslimforwhatheorshedonatestofellowMuslimsduringtheir
lifetimeandintheHereafter,wheretheyfindtheirrewardwithHimontheDaywhereonneitherwealthnor
sonswillavailexceptwhocomestoAllahwithacleanheart[fromShirkandhypocrisy].Allah(Exaltedbe
He)alsowardsoffsomeoftheworldlyinflictionsthatcouldhavehappenedtotheirselves,moneyand
children,becauseofHisGraceandvirtueoftheircharitableacts.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:164)

TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said: Moneydoesnotdecreasefromcharity He(peacebeuponhim)


alsosaid: Charityquenchessinsaswaterquenchesfire He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaidinaSahih(authentic)
Hadith: ShieldyourselfagainstHellfire,evenwithhalfadate(i.e.bydonatinghalfadate)

Y o u rAfghanfellowMuslimsaresufferingthepainsofhunger,alienationandseverewar.Theyareinbad
needofclothing,foodandmedicine.TheMujahidinarealsoinneedofthesethingsinadditiontoweapons
tofighttheirenemies,theenemiesofAllah.SogivethemgenerouslyofwhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)has
bestoweduponyou,andbekindtothem,mayAllahblessyou.FollowthepatternoftheMessengerofAllah
(peacebeuponhim)inhiscareofthosewhohadthesameconditionsoftheAfghanrefugeeswhohavebeen
displacedfromtheircountry.ItisreportedinaSahihHadithontheauthorityofJariribn`AbdullahAlBajaly(may
Allahbepleasedwithhim)whosaid: WhilewewereinthecompanyoftheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)inthe www.ircpk.com
earlyhoursofthemorning,somepeoplecamethere(who)werenaked,wearingstripedwoolenclothes,orcloaks,withtheirswords
hung(aroundtheirnecks).MostofthembelongedtoMudar,nay,theyallbelongtoMudar.ThecoloroftheMessengerofAllah's(may
peacebeuponhim)faceunderwentachangewhenhesawtheminsuchpoverty.Hethenentered(hishouse)andcameoutand
commandedBilal(topronounceAdhan)whopronouncedAdhan(calltoprayer)andIqimah(calltostartprayer).Afterhe(peacebe
uponhim)hadobservedprayer(alongwithhisCompanion),hedeliveredaKhutbah(sermon)(inwhich)hesaid: Omankind!Be
dutifultoyourLord,Whocreatedyoufromasingleperson(Adam),andfromhim(Adam)Hecreatedhiswife[Haww(Eve)],and
fromthembothHecreatedmanymenandwomenandfearAllhthroughWhomyoudemand(yourmutualrights),and(donotcut
therelationsof)thewombs(kinship).Surely,AllhisEveranAllWatcheroveryou. [SurahAlNisa'4:1]andanAyahfromSurahAl
Hashr: FearAllhandkeepyourdutytoHim.Andleteverypersonlooktowhathehassentforthforthemorrow

Amandonatedadinar,adirham,clothes,asa'(1Sa`=2.172kg)ofwheat,asa'ofdatestillhe(theProphet)said:"(Donate)even
halfadate."ThenapersonfromamongAlAnsarcametherewithapackofmoney,whichhishandscouldbarelyliftinfact,they
couldnot(lift).He(Jarir)said:"Thenpeoplefollowedcontinuously,tillIsawtwoheapsoffoodandclothing,andIsawthefaceofthe
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)glisteninglikegold(onaccountofjoy)."TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said:"Whoever
setsagoodprecedentinIslam,willhavetherewardofdoingitandtherewardofwhoeveractsaccordingtoitsubsequently,

(PartNo:5,PageNo:165)

withoutanydeductionfromtheirrewardsandwhoeversetsinIslamanevilprecedent,willbearthesinofdoingit,andthesinof
whoeveractsaccordingtoitsubsequently,withoutdeductinganythingfromtheirsin." (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih(authenticbook
ofHadith))

Forthischarityyouwillberewardedandrecompensed.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Andwhatevergoodyousendbeforeyoufor
yourselves,(i.e.Nawfilnonobligatoryactsofworship:prayers,charity,fasting,HajjandUmrah),youwillcertainlyfinditwithAllh,
betterandgreaterinreward. and: andwhatsoeveryouspendofanything(inAllhsCause),Hewillreplaceit.AndHeistheBestof
providers. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: Allah(mayHebeExalted)says:"Spend(oncharity)OSonofAdamandI
shallspendonyou" .

Itshouldbementionedthattheorganizationsthatreceivethesedonationsare:AlRajihiBankingandInvestmentCorporation,Riyadh
BankandtheNationalBank.

WeaskAllahtoincreaseyourrewardandacceptwhatyoudonate,asIaskHimtosupporttheAfghanMuhajidinandotherswhoare
fightinginHisCauseeverywhere,andtograntthemsteadfastnessintheirJihadandvictoryovertheirenemies,theenemiesofIslam,
forHeisEverNear,AllHearer.MaypeacebeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,andCompanions.

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Thankfulness,RealizationandSignsofAllah'sGrace

(PartNo:5,PageNo:166)

PraisebetoAllah,theLordoftheWorlds!Therighteouswillhaveanobleend.Maypeaceandblessingsbe
upontheTruthfulandtheHonest,(ProphetMuhammadpeacebeuponhim)anduponallhisfamilyand
Companions.

ItiswellknownthatAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)hasbestoweduponusabundantblessings,soHe
deservestobethankedforHismanyfavors.Blessingsarecommensuratewithourgratitude.Ifyouthank
AllahforHisfavors,Allahwillincreaseandblessthem.Butifyouareungrateful,favorswilldisappearand
immediatepunishmentsmayfollowinthislifebeforetheHereafter.

Blessingsareofvarioustypes.Theyincludehavinggoodhealth,asoundbody,hearing,seeing,intellect,
andorgans.ThegreatestfavorisIslam,holdingfastto,caringfor,andcomprehendingit.Allah(Exaltedbe
He)states: Thisday,Ihaveperfectedyourreligionforyou,completedMyFavouruponyou,andhavechosenforyouIslmasyour
religion.

ThegreatestfavoristheDin(religion).AllahsentmessengersandbookstoclarifyHisGreatDintoHis
servantsandthenHeguidedyou,Muslims,toembraceit.

ThisisthegreatestfavorforwhichweshouldthankAllahimmensely.

ItsvalueandgreatnessshouldberecognizedbywhomeverseestheconditionoftheworldwithitsKufr
(disbelief),Shirk(associatingothersinworshipwithAllah)delusion,andprevailingcorruptionwhichfavors

(PartNo:5,PageNo:167)

thisworldlylifewithindifferencetotheHereafter.

Moreover,theharmsofcommunismandsecularismareclearandtheirideasembodydisbelievinginAllah,
allmessengersandrevealedbooks.

Otherpeopleareafflictedwiththeworshipofgravesandidols,anddevotionofAllah'ssolerightforothers
thanHim.

ManyothersareafflictedwithdifferentkindsofBid`ah(innovationinIslam),superstitions,andsins.

AppreciationforAllah'sblessingsistrulyrealizedandestimatedwhensomeonecomparestheiropposites
andtheirevilconsequences.TheoutcomeofthefavorofIslamisJannah(Paradise),honor,andreaching
theeternalAbodeofBlissclosetotheNobleLord,wherepeoplewillneverdieandtheirclothingand
youthfulnesswillneverfade.Theywillbeineternalblessing,unfailinghealth,continuousyouthfulness,and
peaceofmind.TheywillbeinthecompanyoftheNobleLord.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)states:
Verily,theMuttaqn(thepious.SeeV.2:2),willbeinplaceofSecurity(Paradise). AmongGardensandSprings, Dressedinfine
silkand(also)inthicksilk,facingeachother, So(itwillbe).AndWeshallmarrythemtoHr(fairfemale)withwide,lovelyeyes.
Theywillcallthereinforeverykindoffruitinpeaceandsecurity Theywillnevertastedeaththereinexceptthefirstdeath(ofthis
world),andHewillsavethemfromthetormentoftheblazingFire, AsaBountyfromyourLord!Thatwillbethesupremesuccess!
TherearesomanyAyahs(Qur'anicverses)describingthis.AsforthepeopleofKufrandaberrance,they
willendupintheabodeofhumiliationwheretherewillbeseverepunishment,Hellfire,andZaqqum(a
horribletreeinHell)inaneverlastingabodewheretormentneverendsanditsinhabitantsneverdie.Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)states: Butthosewhodisbelieve(intheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism),forthemwillbetheFireof
Hell.Neitherwillithaveacompletekillingeffectonthemsothattheydie,norshallitstormentbelightenedforthem.ThusdoWe
requiteeverydisbeliever!

(PartNo:5,PageNo:168)

WhoeverpondersthismatterandrecognizesthefavorofAllahshouldbethankfulforthisfavorbykeen
observanceofthisblessingandaskingAllahtohelphimkeeponittilldeath.Heshouldcontinueobeying
Allah,abandonsin,andseekrefugeinAllahfromaberrance,Fitan(temptations),andcausesthatremove
Allah'sFavors.

OneshouldalsothankAllahforallfavorsbesidesIslam,suchashealth,safety,andotherblessings,suchas
securehomeland,family,property,etc.

HavingAllah'sFavorsmaybeameanstoacceptingIslamandbelievinginAllah.However,itmaybeatrial
forone'sdisbeliefanddeviation.Itmaybeatrialtobesecure,healthy,safe,andwealthy,whileoneis
astrayfromobeyingAllah.Thiskindoftrialandafflictionwillbeanargumentagainstyouandwillincrease
yourtormentontheDayofResurrection,ifyoudieinthiscondition.
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Gratitude,infact,istorepayAllah'sFavorsuponyoubybelievinginHimandinHisMessengers,lovingHim
andconfessingHisfavors.YoushouldthankAllahbygoodwordsandpraisesalongwithlovingtheGrantor,
fearingHim,hopingforandlookingforwardtoseeingHim,invitingtoHisWayandfulfillingHisRights.
BelievinginAllahandHisMessengersentailsbelievinginthebestofthem,ProphetMuhammad(peacebe
uponhim),andadheringtohisShari`ah.

ItisanexpressionofgratitudetobelievethatAllahistheonlyGodWhoisworthyofworshipandthatHeis
theCreator,theProvider,andtheAllKnower.HealoneisworthyofworshipandtheLordoftheworlds.
ThereisnoothergodandnodeityistrulyworthyofworshipexceptAllah.ThankingAllah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)involvesalsobelievinginHisNamesandAttributes,andthatHeisPerfectinHisEssence,
Names,andAttributes.HehasnopartnerorequalandcanneverbecomparedwithHiscreatures.Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)states: ThereisnothinglikeHimandHeistheAllHearer,theAllSeer. He(Exaltedbe
He)alsostates:

(PartNo:5,PageNo:169)

Say(OMuhammad):"HeisAllh,(the)One. "AllhusSamad()[Allhthe
S e l fSufficientMaster,Whomallcreaturesneed,(Heneithereatsnordrinks)]. "Hebegetsnot,norwasHebegotten. "Andthere
isnonecoequalorcomparableuntoHim."

ItisnecessaryforhavingtruefaithtobelievethatAllahAloneisworthyof`Ibadah(worship).Inthis
respect,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)states: AndyourLordhasdecreedthatyouworshipnonebutHim. and: You(Alone)we
worship,andYou(Alone)weaskforhelp(foreachandeverything). and: So,callyou(OMuhammadandthe
believers)upon(orinvoke)Allhmaking(your)worshippureforHim(Alone)(byworshippingnonebutHimandbydoingreligious
deedssincerelyforAllhssakeonlyandnottoshowoffandnottosetuprivalswithHiminworship),howevermuchthedisbelievers
(intheOnenessofAllh)mayhate(it). and: Omankind!WorshipyourLord(Allh),Whocreatedyou and: AndI(Allh)created
notthejinnandmankindexceptthattheyshouldworshipMe(Alone). and: Andtheywerecommandednot,butthattheyshould
worshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim) Indeed,AllahAloneisworthyof
worshipandsupplication.HeAloneshouldbeinvokedintimesofhopeandfear.OfferingSalah(Prayer),
vows,sacrificesandallotherformsof`IbadahmustsolelybedevotedtoAllahAlone.

Thus,itisclearthatwhattheignorantdo,suchasmakingDu`a'(supplication),fearing,hopingandoffering
sacrificesandvowstothedead,areactsofMajorShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityor
worship)thatgoagainsttheTestimonyofFaith:"LailahaillaAllah(thereisnodeitybutAllah).

ItisalsoevidentthatwhoeverdeniestheLastDay,Resurrection,Jannah(Paradise),andHellfireistrulya
disbelieverwhodisbelievesinAllahandHisDin.

TheatheistcommunistscommitKufranddeviationasmuchasthosewhoworshipothersbesideAllahand
ascribepartnerstoHim,includingworshipersofgraves,idols,prophets,righteouspeople,stars,thesun,the
moon,etc.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)states:

(PartNo:5,PageNo:170)

Omankind!WorshipyourLord(Allh),WhocreatedyouandthosewhowerebeforeyousothatyoumaybecomeAlMuttaqn(the
piousSeeV.2:2). Whohasmadetheeartharestingplaceforyou He(ExaltedbeHe)alsostates: IndeedyourLordis
Allh,WhocreatedtheheavensandtheearthinSixDays,andthenHeroseover(Istaw)theThrone(reallyinamannerthatsuits
HisMajesty).Hebringsthenightasacoverovertheday,seekingitrapidly,and(Hecreated)thesun,themoon,thestarssubjected
toHisCommand.Surely,HisistheCreationandCommandment.BlessedisAllh,theLordoftheAlamn(mankind,jinnandallthat
exists)! InvokeyourLordwithhumilityandinsecret.Helikesnottheaggressors. Anddonotdomischiefontheearth,afterithas
beensetinorder,andinvokeHimwithfearandhope.Surely,AllhsMercyis(ever)nearuntothegooddoers.

Hewhooffers`IbadahtoothersbesideAllah,suchastheJinn(creaturescreatedfromfire),angels,Al
Badawy,A lHusaynorothercreatures,commitsShirkbyworshipingothersalongwithAllah,whichviolatesthe
creedof"LailahaillaAllah"anddisbelievesinAllah'sFavorsofhealthandsafety,andinthemessengers,
includingourMessengerMuhammad(peacebeuponhim).Thisistheworstkindofingratitude.Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)states: ThatisbecauseAllhHeistheTruth(theonlyTrueGodofallthatexists,Whohasnopartnersor
rivalswithHim),andwhatthey(thepolytheists)invokebesidesHim,itisBtil(falsehood).

Thisisthetrue`Aqidah(creed)thatwasbroughtdownbythemessengers(peacebeuponthem)andthe
bestofthemandtheirImam,Muhammad(peacebeuponhim)whocalledtoTawhid(beliefintheOneness
ofAllah/monotheism)anddevoting`IbadahsincerelytoAllah.

He(peacebeuponhim)senthisemissariestodifferenttribes,callingthemtoTawhid.Hesent`Ali,Mu`adh,
andAbuMusaAlAsh`ary(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)toYemen.He(peacebeuponhim)settledinMakkahfor
thirteenyears,callingtoTawhid.HealsosettledinMadinahfortenyearscallingforTawhidandfollowingthe
Shari`ahofAllah.HestartedbycallingtoTawhid,

(PartNo:5,PageNo:171)

foritisthefoundationofIman,Din,andgratitudetoAllah,theGrantor.Allmessengersbeganbycallingto
Tawhid.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)states: Andverily,WehavesentamongeveryUmmah(community,nation)aMessenger
(proclaiming): WorshipAllh(Alone),andavoid(orkeepawayfrom)Tght(allfalsedeitiesi.e.donotworshipTghtbesides
Allh).

www.ircpk.com
WhoevermissesthemarkofTawhidandsincerityforAllahrendersallhisdeedsBatil(nullandvoid)and
futile.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)states: ButiftheyhadjoinedinworshipotherswithAllh,allthattheyusedtodowouldhave
beenofnobenefittothem. and: Andindeedithasbeenrevealedtoyou(OMuhammad),asitwastothose
(AllhsMessengers)beforeyou:"IfyoujoinothersinworshipwithAllh,(then)surely(all)yourdeedswillbeinvain,andyouwill
certainlybeamongthelosers."

Inaddition,thankingAllahforthegraceofTawhidandothersisoneofthegreatestobligationsthatbrings
oneclosertoAllah.Thisisanactoftheheart,involvingloveandglorificationofAllahandloveofHisSake,
longingtoseeHimandHisGardens.He(GlorifiedbeHe)isaboveHisCreatures,risingovertheThroneina
mannerbefittingHisMajestyandGreatness.ThemeaningofIstawa[risingoverHisThrone]isnottobe
understoodthewaytheinnovatorsoftheJahmiyyah(adeviantIslamicsectdenyingsomeAttributesofAllah,claimingthey
areascribedtopeopleandcannotbeascribedtoAllah)andothersdid.Rather,themeaningisthatAllahroseoverHis
ThroneastheSalaf(righteouspredecessors)statedandthatHeisabovetheheavensonHisThroneand
separatefromHisCreatures,knowingeverythingthatnothingishiddenfromHim.

ItiscommontocitethestatementofMalik(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)inthisrespect.Whenhewas
askedaboutAllah'sstatement: TheMostGracious(Allh)roseover(Istaw)the(Mighty)Throne(inamannerthatsuitsHis
Majesty). hewasaskedhowAllahrisesovertheThrone?Heanswered:"Istiwa'iswellknownwhileits
mannerisunknown.TobelieveinitisobligatoryandtoaskaboutitisBid`ah."Hisopinionwasalsoheldby
A h lu lSunnahwalJama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody)(mayAllahbe
mercifulwiththem).

"AskingaboutitisBid`ah"meansaskingaboutitsmanner,forthisisknownonlytoAllah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe).Istiwa'isknownasitmeanssuperiorityandbeingupandabove.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:172)

ThesamemeaningwasreportedbyUmmSalamah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)andRabi`ahibnAbu`Abdul
Rahman,theteacherofMalik(mayAllahbemercifulwiththem).

Thereareformsofbeingthankfulinone'sheartsuchasentertainingloveforthebelieversandthe
messengers,particularlyourProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)andwitnessingthattheyconveyed
theMessageswithwhichAllahentrustedthem.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)states: Andverily,Wehavesentamong
everyUmmah(community,nation)aMessenger(proclaiming):WorshipAllh(Alone),andavoid(orkeepawayfrom)Tght(all
falsedeitiesi.e.donotworshipTghtbesidesAllh).

Besides,gratitudeinone'sheartonemustbelievefirmlythat`IbadahisanexclusiveRightofAllahandno
oneelsewilleverdeserveit.

ThankingAllahwiththeheartmeansfearing,hopingfor,andlovingHimtoanextentthatmakesonecarry
outHisRight,giveupsin,calltoHisWay,andholdfasttoit.

ItalsoincludesdevotionandoftrepeatedTasbih(saying:''SubhanAllah[GlorybetoAllah]''),Tahmid
(saying:"Alhamdulillah[AllpraiseisduetoAllah]")andTakbir(saying:"AllahuAkbar[Allahisthe
Greatest]").

ThankingAllahalsomeanspraisingHimbythetongue,constantlyexpressingAllah'sblessings,enjoining
Ma`ruf(thatwhichisjudgedasgood,beneficial,orfittingbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)
andforbiddingMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsound
intellect).Thankingisbytongue,heart,andaction.

Thus,gratitudemaybeexpressedbyone'stonguethroughthewordsAllahhasmadelawfulforus.

Thereisathirdtypeofgratitude,namely,expressinggratitudebyone'sactions.Thisisthephysicalaspect
ofthankfulness,whichincludesadherencetoIslamictenetssuchasSalah,Sawm(Fast),Zakah(obligatory
charity),HajjtoBaytAllahAlHaram(theHouse:anothernamefortheKa`bah),andJihad(fighting/strivingintheCause
ofAllah)withone'slifeandproperty.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)states: Marchforth,whetheryouarelight(beinghealthy,
youngandwealthy)orheavy(beingill,oldandpoor),andstrivehardwithyourwealthandyourlives

Gratitudeoftheheartisexpressedbydevotion,loving,fearing,andlongingforAllahaswementioned
before.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:173)

Moreover,thankfulnesstoAllahresultsinreceivingmorebounties.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)states: And
(remember)whenyourLordproclaimed:Ifyougivethanks(byacceptingFaithandworshippingnonebutAllh),Iwillgiveyoumore
(ofMyBlessings) AllahinformsHisServantsthatiftheythankHim,HewillincreaseHisFavors,butifthey
disbelieve,Histormentwillbesevere.HemaypunishthembydeprivingthemofHisGraceandinflicting
themwithtorment.Hemaycausethemtosufferillnessesafterenjoyinghealth,sterilityafterfertility,fear
aftersafety,KufrafterIslam,ordisobedienceafterobedience.

ThankingAllahkeepsoneontherightpathandhelpstoremaingratefuluntilHeincreasesHisFavors.If
someonepersistsinbeingungratefulanddisobeyingHisCommandment,theywillbesubjectedtoHis
PunishmentandWrath.Punishmentmaytakedifferentformssomeinthisworldandothersinthe
Hereafter. www.ircpk.com
Amongthepunishmentsinthisworldincludethelossofblessings.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)states: Sowhenthey
turnedaway(fromthePathofAllh),Allhturnedtheirheartsaway(fromtheRightPath). Punishmentmayalsotakeplace
intheformofgivingpowertoenemiesoverus.However,thepunishmentoftheHereafterisseverer.Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)states: ThereforerememberMe(bypraying,glorifying),Iwillrememberyou,andbegratefultoMe(forMy
countlessFavoursonyou)andneverbeungratefultoMe. and, Workyou,OfamilyofDwd(David),withthanks!ButfewofMy
slavesaregrateful. He(GlorifiedbeHe)informsusthatthegratefularefewandmostpeopledonotthank
Him.

MostpeopleenjoyAllah'sFavors,butdonotthankHimforthem.Rather,theyareunmindful,heedless,and
careless.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)states: whilethosewhodisbelieveenjoythemselvesandeatascattleeatandtheFirewillbe
theirabode. Thankfulnessisonlycompletewhenitisexpressedbythetongue,hand,andhearttogether.In
thisrespect,apoetwrote:

(PartNo:5,PageNo:174)

Favorsaredeeplyappreciated myhand,mytongue,andmy
bythree: hiddenconscience

AMu'min(believer)shouldbepatientandgrateful,asAllah(ExaltedbeHe)states: Truly,thereinareAyt
(evidence,proofsandsigns)foreverypatient,thankful(person)."

AMu'minshouldbepatientintimesofadversityandthankfulintimesofprosperity.However,aMu'min
shouldnotlosehopeorneglectthephysicalmeans,forpatiencedoesnotconflictwithtakingthenecessary
physicalmeasures.Forexample,oneshouldnotfeelhopelesswhensufferingfromillnessandshouldseek
treatment.

Oneshouldnotlosehopebecauseof,forinstance,shortageofharvestordisastersthatmaybefallhisfarm,
butheshouldtreatthefarmtocorrecttheproblem.Patienceisobligatory,butitdoesnotcontradictseeking
treatmentandmakinguseofpermissiblesolutions.

AMu'minshouldendurepatientlytheafflictionsthatmaybefallhim,bearinginmindthatnothingoccurs
exceptaccordingtoAllah'sDecreeandgreatwisdom.Oneshouldknowthattheconsequencesofsinsare
grave,sooneshouldhastentoperformTawbah(repentancetoAllah)fromallsinsandmisdeeds.

OMuslim,youmustrepenttoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)sothatHewillsetyouraffairsright,
correctyourdefects,andreturntoyouwhatyoumissed.

ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)stated: Aservantmaybedeprivedof
provisionforasinhe/shecommits. Someonemaycommitasinthatdeprivesthemofmanyfavors.Allah(Exalted
beHe)states: Andwhateverofmisfortunebefallsyou,itisbecauseofwhatyourhandshaveearned.AndHepardonsmuch.(See
theQurnVerse35:45). Allahalsosays, Whateverofgoodreachesyou,isfromAllh,butwhateverofevilbefallsyou,isfrom
yourself. and, Evil(sinsanddisobediencetoAllh)hasappearedonlandandseabecauseofwhatthehandsofmenhaveearned
(byoppressionandevildeeds),thatHe(Allh)maymakethemtasteapartofthatwhichtheyhavedone,inorderthattheymay
return(byrepentingtoAllh,andbeggingHisPardon).

(PartNo:5,PageNo:175)

MisfortunespromptpeopletoturntoAllahandwarnthem,sothattheymayrepent.

Repentanceandsincereabandonmentofsinsarethetruewayofforgivenessofpastsins.Seekinglawful
physicaltreatmentisalsoanactofobediencetoAllah.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated: OAllah's
servants!Seektreatmentbutusenothingunlawful

AMu'minshouldbepatientattimesofdistressthatbefallhimorhisfamily.Heshouldbethankfulfor
Alhah'sFavorsbyobservingHisRightsandturningtoHim.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated:
WonderfularetheaffairsoftheMu'minforthereisgoodineachofhisaffairs.Thisisnotthecasewithanyoneelseexceptthe
Mu'min,forifhesuffersaffliction,heendurespatiently,whichisgoodforhim.Ifhehasanoccasiontofeeldelight,hethanks(Allah),
thusthereisgoodforhiminit. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih,ontheauthorityofSuhaybibnSinan[mayAllah
bepleasedwithhim])

ItisanactofthankingAllahtoabidebytheSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet)andkeeping
awayfrominnovations.Manypeoplemaybeunawareoftheirpracticeswhichare,infact,considered
innovationsinIslam.

Bid`ah(innovation)isaformofbeingingratitudetoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).Forexample,
peopleinmanycountriescelebratetheMawlid(theProphet'sbirthday)inthemonthofRabi`AlAwwal
ignorantly,followingatradition.TheybelievethatthisisMustahab(desirable).Thisisamistakethathasno
basisinthepurifiedShari`ah.Rather,itisaBid`ah,whichAllahhasnotsentdown.Thiscelebrationmay
involveprohibitedacts,suchasdrinkingKhamr(intoxicants)andintermixingofmenandwomen.Moreover,
poemsthatmaycontainMajorShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)maybe
chantedinsuchanoccasion,suchasthefamouspoemofAlBurdahbyAlBusairywherehesays:
www.ircpk.com
Oyou,thenoblestcreature,I whendisastersbefallbutyou
havenonetoresortto
Ifyouwillnothelpmewhenthe Iwilldefinitelybelost
timecomes,
BoththelifeandtheHereafter andtheknowledgeofthePen
areofyourbenevolence andtheTabletisderivedfrom
yours

SimilardeviantstatementsarefoundinapoemwrittenbyAlBura`yAlYamanywhofellintoMajorShirkwhen
hesupplicatedtotheProphet(peacebeuponhim).

(PartNo:5,PageNo:176)

Thus,celebratingMawlids,whetherthatoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)orothers,suchastheMawlidof
A lBadawy,Ibn`Ulwan,A lHusayno r`Ali(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)isarejectedBid`ahthatpeople
invented.ItwasnotpracticedduringthetimeoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)orSahabah(Companions
oftheProphet),orthebestgenerations.

ItwasfirstintroducedbytheBatiniyyahShia,whoarethechildrenof`UbaydAlQaddah,namelytheFatimidwho
ruledEgyptandMoroccointhefourthandfifthcenturyA.H.TheyintroducedmanyMawlids,suchasthatofthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)and A lHusaynandothers,thenpeopleimitatedthem.Thisresemblesthe
ChristiansandtheJewsintheirfestivals.Insuchgatheringsmanysinsarecommitted,involvingMajorShirk.
Thisistrueeveniftheseactsarecelebratedbysomanypeople.However,theTruthisnotrecognizedbythe
actionofpeoplerather,bytheShari`ahproofsfromtheBook(Qur'an)andSunnah.Manyscholarswarned
againstthismatter,suchasShaykhulIslamIbnTaymiyyahandAlShatiby(mayAllahbemercifulwiththem).
Whoeverapprovesitamongthescholarstherebycommitsagravemistakeandshouldnotbefollowed.

PraisingtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)anddescribinghismeritsandesteemarenottoberealizedby
Bid`ahinthenameofMawlid,butbyfollowinghisShari`ah,abidingbyhiscommandments,abandoninghis
prohibitions,andcallingforrevivinghisSunnahandteachingittothepeopleinMasjids(mosques),schools,
anduniversities.TheseMawlidscontainmanykindsofevilandtransgressionwhereintermixingofmenand
womenanddrinkingKhamrtakeplace,inadditiontograveractsofMajorShirkaspreviouslyillustrated.

Peoplebegantoimitatethesebycelebratingtheirbirthdaysorweddinganniversaries.Theseareofthe
rejecteddeedsaswell,fortheyresembletheKafirs(disbelievers).The`EidsofMuslimsareonly`EidulFitr
(theFestivalofBreakingtheFast)and`EidulAdha(theFestivaloftheSacrifice)andDaysofTashriq(11th,
12th,and13thofDhulHijjah),Dayof`Arafah(9thofDhulHijjah)andJumu`ah(Friday).Whoever
introducesanewfeastimitatestheChristiansandtheJews.

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated: Whoevercommitsanyactforwhichthereisnosanctionfromourbehalf,itisto
berejected. Healsostated, Whoeverintroduces

(PartNo:5,PageNo:177)

extraneousthingsintoouraffair(i.e.religion),hisactisrejected. and: Avoidnovelties,foreverynoveltyisaBid`ah,andevery


Bid`ahisanerror. TherearesomanyHadithstothesameeffect.

MuslimsshouldfollowthewayoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet)(mayAllahbepleased
withthem)andtheirfollowersoftheSalaf(righteouspredecessors)andshouldabandonBid`ahintroducedafterthem.

AlltheseareamongthewaysthroughwhichonecanofferthankstoAllahwithwords,deeds,andbelief.MayAllahgrantusall
beneficialknowledgeandrighteousdeedsandhelpusactaccordingtotheSunnahandthankHimforHisFavorswithwords,deeds,
andfaithalongwithholdingfasttoAlHaqq.MayAllahalsoguideMuslimrulerstoallgood,providethemwithrighteousretinue,and
helpthemestablishAllah'sCommandsonearthandexecutetheHudud(ordainedpunishmentsforviolatingAllahsLaw).IaskHimto
entrusttheMuslims'affairstothebestamongthemandtoprotectthemfromtheafflictionofdeviance.HeistheAllHearer,Ever
Near.MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,andCompanions!

www.ircpk.com

AquestionfromtheNur`AlaAlDarb(radio)program

(PartNo:5,PageNo:178)

Q1:AquestionfromSudan:ImamAlNawawy(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)inhis
commentaryonthesubjectofBid`ah(innovationinreligion)classifieditintofivecategories:

First:Wajib(obligatory)innovation,suchastheproofsdevisedbyMutakallims'(searchesfor
answerstocreedalissuesusinglogic)torefuteatheisticarguments.

Second:Mandub(commendable)innovation,suchascomposingbooks.

Third:Mubah(permissible)innovation,suchasenjoyingcertainvarietiesoffood.

Fourth:Haram(forbidden)innovation.Fifth:Makruh(reprehensible)innovation.Theselasttwo
categoriesareclear.

HowisthisclassificationtobeunderstoodinlightoftheProphet's(peacebeuponhim)
statement, EveryBid`ahleadstomisguidance ?Please,clarifythemeaningofShaykhAlNawawy's
words.MayAllahblessyou!

A 1 : ThisclassificationthatyouquotedfromAlNawawy'sclassificationofBid`ahintofivecategorieshasbeen
approvedofbyagroupofscholars,whosaidthatBid`ahcanbeclassifiedasWajib,Mandub,Mubah,
Haram,andMakruh.OtherscholarsareoftheviewthatallformsofBid`aharemisguidance.Theydonot
approveofanyclassificationofBid`ahandquotetheProphet'sstatementinthisregard: EveryBid`ahleadsto
misguidance. ThisiswhattheauthenticHadithsofAllah'sMessenger(peacebeuponhim)conveyandwhat
MuslimnarratedontheauthorityofJabirIbn`AbdullahAlAnsary(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)whosaid,"The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)usedtosayintheFridaysermon, Andthen,thebestofspeechisembodiedintheBook
ofAllah,andthebestofguidanceistheguidancegivenbyMuhammad.Andthemostevilofmattersaretheirinnovationsandevery
Bid`ahisamisguidance. ThismeaninghasbeenreiteratedinseveralHadithsrelatedfrom`Aishah,Al`Irbadibn
Sariyah,andothers.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:179)

Thisisthesoundopinion,whichdisregardsuchclassificationsofBid`ahsetbyAlNawawyandotherscholars.
Thus,allkindsofBid`ahareformsofmisguidance.Moreover,Bid`ahisconfinedtomattersoffaith,notto
worldlypermissiblethings.Forexample,typesoffoodthatwereunknownatthetimeoftheProphet(peace
beuponhim)arenotregardedasBid`ahaccordingtoShari`ah(Islamiclaw)evenifitislinguistically
includedinthemeaningofBid`ah.Linguisticallyspeaking,Bid`ahsignifiesanunprecedentedthing.Allah
(mayhebeGlorified)describesHimself, TheOriginatoroftheheavensandtheearth. i.e.Hecreatedheavenand
earthwithoutanypreviousexample.Theterm'Bid`ah'appliestoanyinventedmatterinIslamthathasno
basisintheQur'anandSunnah.Thisisthecorrectviewacceptedandaffirmedbyagroupofscholars,who
refutedtheargumentsoftheadvocatesoftheaboveclassification.

AsfortheactofcomposingbooksandproducingevidencetorefutetheatheistsandenemiesofIslam,this
isnotBid`ah.ItisordainedbyAllahandHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).TheGloriousQur'anandthe
SunnahprovideprofoundstatementsthatrefutetheenemiesofIslam.FromthetimeoftheSahabah
(Companions)untilnow,MuslimshaveansweredtheirenemiesusingwhathasbeenexplainedintheBook
ofAllahandtheSunnahoftheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)andpresentedvariousproofs.
AccordingtoShari`ah,thisactisnotseenasBid`ah,butitisadutyandaformofstruggleintheCauseof
Allah.Thisalsoappliestobuildingschools,bridges,andotherusefulfacilitiesforMuslims.Indeed,Shari`ah
enjoinsuponustoseekknowledgeandsuchinstitutionshelpachievethisgoal.Thisalsoappliesto
endowmentsdedicatedtothepoorasShari`ahordersustobekindtotheneedy.Buildinghomesand
bridgesforpeopleisaformofdoinggoodandobediencetoAllah.Thesearelawfulacts,notBid`ah.
Althoughtheyareinnovationsinalinguisticsense,theyarenotsointhelegalsenseoftheword.Inthis
context`Umar(ibnAlKhattabmayAllahbemercifulwithhim)gatheredpeopletoperformSalatulTarawih(special
supererogatorynightPrayerinRamadan)everynightbehindoneImam(aftertheyhadbeenprayingitin
smallgroupsledbydifferentImams)andthencommented,"Howgoodisthisinnovation!"HemeantBid`ah
initslinguisticsense,notitslegalmeaning.TarawihisaconfirmedSunnahthatwasperformedand
encouragedbytheProphet(peacebeuponhim).ItisnotaBid`ahbutanactofconfirmedSunnah.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:180)

However,`Umarcalleditaninnovationinthesensethatitwasperformedinanunprecedentedmanner.At
thetimeoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim),peopleintheMasjid(mosque)wouldspreadoutingroups.
TwomenwouldpraybehindanImam,whileotherswouldprayinsmallgroups. Additionally,theProphet(peace
beuponhim)ledthemforthreenightsthenabandonedthispracticesaying,"Ifearthattheoptionalnightprayermightbemade
compulsoryuponyou." Soheabandonedit,lestitwouldbecomeobligatoryuponMuslims.Thus,whenthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)died,`Umarcommandedthemtoobserveit. www.ircpk.com
Toconclude,thenightprayerduringRamadanisaconfirmedSunnah,notaBid`ahinthelegalsense.Thus,
itisknownthatanythinginnovatedinIslam,notordainedbyAllahisBid`ahandamisguidance.Thisis
totallyunacceptable.

Q2:AquestionalsofromSudan:AllahstatesinHisGloriousBook: AndWeneverpunishuntilWehave
sentaMessenger(togivewarning). ItisnarratedinsomeHadithsthattheProphet(peacebeupon
him)mentionedthathisparentswouldbeinHellfire.Thequestionis:WeretheynotfromAhl
ulFatrah(thosetowhomDa`wahhasnotreachedinanuncorruptedmanner),thosewhom
theQur'anclearlymentionedasbeingsavedintheHereafter?Pleaseanswerme.MayAllah
guideyou.

A 2 : ThereisnothingintheQur'anthatexplicitlystatingexplicitlythatAhlulFatrahwillbesavedorwill
perish.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, AndWeneverpunishuntilWehavesentaMessenger(togivewarning).
BecauseofHisPerfectJustice,AllahdoesnotpunishanyoneuntilHesendsaMessenger.So,whomeverthe
messageofIslamdoesnotreach,theywillnotbepunisheduntiltheproofisestablishedagainstthem,as
narratedintheSunnahthattheproofwillbeestablishedagainstAhlulFatrahandtheywillbetestedonthe
DayofResurrection.Thus,thosewhorespondandobeywillbesaved

(PartNo:5,PageNo:181)

andthosewhodisobeywillbeconsignedtoHellfire.WhenamanaskedtheProphet(peacebeuponhim):
Whereismyfather?Hereplied,"InHellfire."Whenhesawtheman'sfacehadchanged,he(peacebeuponhim)said,"Myfatherand
yoursareintheFire. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih(compilationofauthenticHadiths)).

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)wishedtoconsolethemanandlethimknowthatthisfateisnotconfined
tohisfather.PerhapstheProphet'sandtheman'sfathershadheardDa`wahandthustheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)said, VerilymyfatherandyourfatherareintheFire. Thereforehewastalkingaboutsomethingthathe
knew,ashe(peacebeuponhim)neverliedorspokeofhisowndesire.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
states, Bythestarwhenitgoesdown(orvanishes). Yourcompanion(Muhammad)hasneithergoneastray
norhaserred. Nordoeshespeakof(hisown)desire. ItisonlyaRevelationrevealed. Perhaps`Abdullahibn`AbdulMuttalib,
theProphet'sfather,hadrealizedtheDivineMessage,sotheProphetsaidthatabouthim.Qurayshknewthe
DinofIbrahim(Abraham),fortheyhadbeenfollowingProphetIbrahim'sDinuntil`AmribnLuhayAlKhuza`y
ruledMakkahandtheworshipofidolsprevailed.`Amrpropagatedtheworshipofidolsandtheyfollowedhim
andsupplicatedtotheminsteadofAllah.Itmayhavebeenevidentto`AbdullahthatwhatQurayshweredoing
inworshipingidolswasnullandvoid,buthestillfollowedthem.Thiswasaproofagainsthim.Itisalso
narratedintheHadiththattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated, Isaw`AmribnLuhaydragginghisintestinesin
theFirehewasthefirstonetoreleaseanimals(fortheidols)andchangetheDinofIbrahim." Also,itisrelatedthat the
prophet(peacebeuponhim)soughtpermissiontoaskforgivenessinfavorofhismother,buthewasnotgiventhepermission.Then
hesoughtpermissiontovisithergrave,andHewaspermittedto. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih)

ShemighthaveknownthatthebeliefsofQurayshwerebaseless,aswasthecaseofherhusband,`Abdullah.
Accordingly,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)waspreventedfromaskingAllahtoforgiveher.Itmightbe
saidthatthepeopleofJahiliyyah(preIslamicperiodofignorance)aresimilartononMuslimsofthisera.
So,itisnotallowedtosupplicatetoAllahforthemortoaskHimtoforgivethem,becausetheycommitted
theactsofdisbelievers.Consequently,theyareregardedinthislifeasnonMuslimsandtheiraffair

(PartNo:5,PageNo:182)

intheHereafterislefttoAllah.

Iftheproofisnotestablishedagainstsomeoneinthislife,theywillnotbepunisheduntiltheyaretestedon
theDayofJudgment.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says, AndWeneverpunishuntilWehavesentaMessenger(togive
warning). ThisappliestothepeopleofanyerawhentheDa`wahofaProphetdoesnotreachthem.Inthis
case,theywillbetestedontheDayofresurrectioniftheyobey,theywillenterParadise,andiftheydisobey
theywillenterHellfire.ThisrulingappliestotheoldpeoplewhomtheDa`wahdoesreach,aswellasthe
insaneandthechildrenofthenonMuslims.WhentheProphet(peacebeuponhim)wasaskedaboutthem,
hereplied, Allahknowswhattheywouldhavedone. ThecaseofthechildrenofnonMuslimissimilartoAhlul
Fatrah,asbothofthemwillbetestedontheDayofJudgment.Iftheygothroughthistestsuccessfully,they
willbesavedifnot,theywillbeamongthedisbelieversinHellfire.However,agroupofscholarsholdthat
thechildrenofnonMuslimswillbesavedfromthetortureofHell,fortheydieonAlFitrah(natural
disposition)andtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)sawthemwhenheenteredParadiseinagardenwith
Ibrahim(peacebeuponhim)alongwiththechildrenofMuslims.

Thisopinionisstrongerforitsexplicitevidence.AsforthechildrenofMuslims(iftheydieyoung),theyare
amongthepeopleofParadise,accordingtoIjma`(consensus)ofAhlulSunnahwalJama`ah(those
adheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody).AllahknowsbestandHeisMostWise.

www.ircpk.com

Q3:ThereisevidencethatshowsthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)rewardsthosewhoreadthe
NobleQuran,butistherealsoarewardforreadingHadiths?

A : RecitationoftheQur'antobringoneclosertoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)entailsagreatrewardandlikewise
readingandmemorizingHadithsoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim).Theyareactsofworshipandare
countedasseekingknowledgeandstudyingreligion.TheproofsofShari`ahillustratethenecessityof
gainingknowledge,soastohelpMuslimsworshipAllah(ExaltedbeHe)inaclearandestablishedway.The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)said: Thebestamongstyou(Muslims)arethosewholearntheQuranandteachit.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:183)

and: "IfAllahwantstodogoodtosomeone,Allahmakesthemcomprehendthereligion." and: Whoevertreadsapathinpursuit


ofknowledge,AllahwillfacilitateforthemapathtoParadise.AndneverdoesagroupofpeoplegatherinoneofthehousesofAllah
(mosques)toreciteAllah'sBookandstudyittogether,buttranquilitydescendsuponthem,mercycomesdownuponthem,theangels
surroundthemandAllahmentionsthemtothosewhoarewithHim.

TherearemanyHadithsconcerningtherecitationoftheQur'an,suchas RecitetheQur'an,for,ontheDayof
Resurrection,itwillcomeasanintercessoronthebehalfofthosewhoreciteit. (RelatedbyMuslim)TheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)isreportedtohaveoncesaid: "WhichofyouwouldliketogoearlyinthemorningeverydaytoBathan(avalley
inMadinah)andreturnfromitwithtwolargehumpedshecamels,withoutcommittingasinorseveringthetiesofkinship?"They
replied,"OMessengerofAllah!We(all)wouldlikethat!"Hesaid,"IfoneofyougoesearlyinthemorningtotheMasjid(mosque)and
learnsorreadstwoAyahs(verses)fromtheBookofAllah,theExaltedandtheGlorious,isbetterforhimthanhavingtwocamels,and
three(Ayahs)arebetterforhimthanthree(largecamels),andfour(Ayahs)arebetterforhimthanfour(largecamels),andsoon
withthenumberofthemandcamels." (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih)Thisservestoshowthevirtueofreciting
theQuranandlearningit.

AmongtheHadithsoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)inthisregardisafamousHadithrelatedbyIbn
Mas`udandcompiledinJami'AlTirmidhywithagoodIsnad(chainoftransmitters)thattheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)said: "AnyonewhoreadsaletterfromtheQur'anwillearnagooddeedthereby,andagooddeedgetsatenfold
reward." ThisalsoappliestotheSunnah.Ifabelieverreads,studies,andmemorizestheHadithsand
identifiestheauthenticamongthem,hewillbegreatlyrewarded,becausethisispartandparcelofstudying
religiousknowledge.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidinthisregard: Whoevertreadsapathinpursuitof
knowledge,AllahwillfacilitateforhimapathtoParadise.

ThisprovesthatrecitingAyahsoftheQur'an,ponderingonthemalongwithstudyingandmemorizingthe
HadithsoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)inordertolearnknowledgeandreligionandactinguponthem
areamongthewaysthatleadtoParadiseandattainsalvationfromHell.TheHadithofAllah'sMessenger
(peacebeuponhim), "IfAllahwantstodogoodtosomeone,Allahmakesthemcomprehendthereligion" (Agreeduponby
A lBukhariandMuslim)indicatestheexcellenceofknowledgeandseekingitandthatthisisamongthesigns
ofgoodness,asismentionedpreviously.StudyingreligionisfulfilledbylearningboththeQur'anandthe
SunnahandbothofthemassurewhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)wantsfromHisSlave.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:184)

Therearemanyproofsinthisregard,praisebetoAllah.

Q4:SomeSufishaykhspayagreatdealofattentiontomakingdomesandgravesandpeople
believeintheirusefulnessandblessings.Ifthisisnotlawful,whatisyouradvicetothose
people,astheyareconsideredasreligiousexamplesforalargenumberofpeople?Appreciate
yourguidance,mayAllahguideyou!

A : TheadvicetoSufiandotherscholarsistoholdontowhatisstatedinAllah'sBook(theQur'an)andthe
SunnahofHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)andtoteachthistopeople.Moreover,Iexhortthemnotto
followtheirantecedentsinanythingthatopposestheQur'anandtheSunnah.Religionisnottobeacquired
throughimitationofshaykhsorothersitistobetakenfromtheBookofAllah,theSunnahofHis
Messenger,Muhammad(peacebeuponhim),whatwasunanimouslyagreeduponbyscholarsandwhatwas
relatedaboutSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet,mayAllahbepleasedwiththem).Thisishowthe
knowledgeofReligionisacquired,notthroughimitationofindividuals,Sufishaykhsorothers.Theauthentic
SunnahofAllah'sMessenger(peacebeuponhim)illustratesthatitisnotpermissibletobuildMasjids,
domesoranythingelseovergravesforthisisprohibitedaccordingtothesayingsoftheMessenger(peace
beuponhim).AmongthesesayingsisthatwhichisrelatedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.
A lBukhariandMuslim)ontheauthorityof`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher).ShesaidthatAllah's
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)said: AllahcursedtheJewsandtheChristianstheyusedthegravesoftheirprophets
placesofworship. Shesaid:"(Hesaidso)warningagainstwhattheydid."

Moreover,itisalsorelatedintheTwoSahihBooksofHadithontheauthorityofUmmSalamahandUmmHabibah
(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)that TheytoldtheProphetaboutachurchtheysawinAbyssinia(Ethiopia)andthe
pictureshunginit.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said,"Whenarighteousmandiedamongstthosepeople,theywouldbuilda
placeofworshipoverhisgrave,andthentheyputthosepicturesinit.Indeed,theyaretheworstcreaturesintheSightofAllah. www.ircpk.com
(PartNo:5,PageNo:185)

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)statedthatthepeoplewhobuildMasjidsovergravesandputpicturesin
themaretheworstofcreatures.

SuchpracticesleadtoShirk(associatingothersinworshipwithAllah),becausewhenlaypeopleseeMasjids
anddomesovergravestheymayglorifythedead,seektheirblessings,vowfortheirsake,make
Du`a'(supplication)tothem,andseektheirhelpandsupportinsteadofAllah,andallsuchpracticesareacts
ofMajorShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship).InaHadithnarratedbyJundubibn
`AbdullahAlBajaly(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim),whichisrelatedinSahihofMuslim(mayAllahconfermercy
uponhim),theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Indeed,AllahtookmeasaKhalil(intimatefriend,asasignofHisLove
oftheProphet)andtookIbrahim(Abraham)(peacebeuponhim)asaKhalil.IfIweretochooseanyonefrommyUmmah(nation)as
myKhalil,IwouldchooseAbuBakr.Thosewhoprecededyouusedthegravesoftheirprophetsandrighteousmenasplacesof
worship.Therefore,donotusegravesasMasjidsIforbidyoutodoso. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih)

ThisHadithshowsthemeritofAlSiddiqAbuBakr(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)andthathewasthebest
Sahaby(CompanionoftheProphet).IftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)weretotakeaKhalil,hewould
havetakenAbuBakr(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)ashisKhalil.However,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)forbadetheProphet(peacebeuponhim)fromdoingthat,sohislovewouldbepurelyforHisLord
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).TheHadithalsopointsouttheprohibitionofbuildingongravesor
establishingMasjidsoverthem.Also,itcondemnsthosewhodosointhreeways.First,theProphet(peace
beuponhim)censuredthosewhodoso.Second,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Donotusegravesas
Masjids. Third,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Iforbidyoutodothat. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
warnedagainstbuildingovergravesinthesethreewaysandthereforehisUmmah(nation)shouldobserve
hiswarningandkeepawayfromthingsforwhichhecondemnedthosebeforethem,suchastheJewsandthe
Christiansandthosewhofollowedthemregardingbuildingplacesofworshiporanythingelseovergraves.
TheHadithsoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)havebeenclearlymentionedinthisregard.

Thewisdombehindthis,accordingtoscholars,isthatthesearemeansthatcanleadtoMajorShirk,
worshipingthedead,makingDu`a'tothem,vowingfortheirsake,seekingtheirhelpandsupport,and
offeringsacrificialanimalsforthem.Thishappenstodayinmanycountries,suchasSudan,Egypt,theLevant(the
regioncoveringSyria,Lebanon,Jordan,andPalestine),Iraqandothercountries.Inmanycountries,ignorantlaypeople
visitthegravesofrenownedpeopleandaskthemforhelp,supportandrelief,suchaswhatishappening
besidethegraveofAlBadawy,AlHusayn,Zaynab,

(PartNo:5,PageNo:186)

SayyidahNafisahandothergravesinSudan.ThisisevendonebysomeignorantpilgrimsbytheProphet'sgrave
(maypeacebeuponhim)inMadinah,thegravesofthepeopleofAlBaqi`(thegraveyardofthepeopleofMadinah,nearthe
Prophet'sMosque)andothergraves.Thishappensduetoignorance,andsothesepeopleneedtobe
enlightened,andgivenexplanationsandhelpfromscholarssotheymaybeawareoftheirreligion.

AllMuslimscholars,whetherSufisorothers,shouldhaveTaqwa(fearingAllahasHeshouldbefeared),
adviseAllah'sServants,teachthemtheirDin,andwarnthemagainstbuildingMasjids,domes,oranything
elseovergraves.TheyshouldalsowarnthemagainstmakingDu`a'bymeansofthedeadandseekingtheir
help,asDu`a'isaformofworshipthatcanonlybemadetoAllah(mayHebePraised),Whosays: soinvoke
notanyonealongwithAllh. "AndinvokenotbesidesAllh,anysuchthatwillneitherprofityounorharmyou,butif(incase)you
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)isreferringtothe
didso,youshallcertainlybeoneoftheZlimn(polytheistsandwrongdoers)."
polytheists.Moreover,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Du`a'isanactofworship. Ifyouask(foranything),
askAllah,andifyouseekhelp,seekitfromAllah. Thisisbecausethedeadcannotdoanythingforpeopleanymore
infactitistheywhoneedpeopletomakeDu`a'toAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tograntthemHismercyand
forgiveness,nottomakeDu`a'tothembesidesAllah.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Whenaperson
dies,theirdeedscometoanend,exceptforthreethings:SadaqahJariyah(ongoingcharity),beneficialknowledge(theyleftbehind),
orapiouschildwhopraysforthem. SohowcanpeoplemakeDu`a'tothedeadbesidesAllah?Andhowcanthey
makeDu`a'toidols,trees,stones,themoon,thesun,andstars?Du`a'toorseekingthehelpofanyofthe
foregoingisimpermissible.Thesameistrueregardingtheoccupantsofthegraves,eveniftheywere
prophetsorrighteouspeople.Similarly,peopleshouldnevermakeDu`a'toangelsandJinnbesidesAllah
(mayHebePraised),Whosaysin(SurahAl`Imran3:80): NorwouldheorderyoutotakeangelsandProphetsfor
lords(gods).WouldheorderyoutodisbelieveafteryouhavesubmittedtoAllhsWill?(TafsirAtTabar). InthisAyah(Qur'anic
verse),Allah(ExaltedbeHe)declaresthattaking

(PartNo:5,PageNo:187)

angelsandprophetsaslords,bymakingDu`a'tothemandseekingtheirhelp,isKufr(disbelief).

InaHadithnarratedbyJabirandrecordedinSahihMuslim,Jabir(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)said: The
MessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)forbadeplasteringthegraves,sittingonthemandbuildingoverthem. Thisisbecause
thesethingsleadtoShirkandtheyareallmeansofglorifyingandreveringtheoccupantsofthegraves
excessively.

Sittingongravesisnotpermissibleasitisdesecrationofthegraves.Therefore,itnotpermissibletourinate
ordefecateonthemoranyactthatisconsidereddesecrationofgraves.Thereasonfortheprohibitionisto
showrespecttothedead.Muslimsaretoberespectedwhethertheyarealiveordead,thereforeitisnot
www.ircpk.com
permissibletobreaktheirbones,walkorsitontheirgraves,orurinateorthrowgarbageonthem.Allthese
actsareprohibited,astheMuslimdeadshouldneitherbedesecrated,norglorifiedbymakingDu`a'tothem
insteadofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)ortocircumambulatearoundthem.Shari`ah(Islamiclaw)orders
moderationandrespectforgravesandatthesametimeitdoesnotpermitglorifyingthedeadand
worshipingthembesidesAllah(ExaltedbeHe)orharmingthemthroughsittingontheirgravesandthelike,
concerningthingswhichshowdisrespecttothedead.Indeed,itisthelegislationoftheAllWise,All
Knowing,Whoplacesthingsintheirrightpositions.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: CertainlyyourLordisAllWise,All
Knowing.

Moreover,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidinanauthenticHadith: DonotsitongravesorperformSalah
(Prayer)towardsthem. OurperfectShari`ahcombinedforbiddingpeopletoexcessivelyreverethedeadby
makingDu`a'tothembesidesAllah(ExaltedbeHe),seekingtheirhelpandofferingSalah(prayers)while
gravesareinthedirectionofQiblah,andmakingitforbiddentodebaseandoffendthedeadbysittingon
theirgraves,walkingoverthem,leaningonthem,andthrowinggarbageonthem.Allthesepracticesare
prohibited.

Hence,thebelieverwhoseeksthetruthknowsthatShari`ahintroducedmoderationnotShirkoroffense
anddesecration.ItispermissibletomakeDu`a'onthebehalfofthedead,toaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)to
forgivethemandtogreetthemwhenvisitingtheirgraves.Nevertheless,theyshouldneverbeaskedin
Du`a'insteadofAllah(ExaltedbeHe),circumambulatearoundthemorofferSalahwhiletheyareinthe
directionofQiblah.Itispermissibletoseekassistancefromsomeonewhoisalive,forpeoplehelpone
another.Thisissoaslongasitiswithinthelimitsoflegalpermissibilityandmeans,

(PartNo:5,PageNo:188)

suchasworkinginfields,factoriesandthelikeforthisisanallowedtangibleformofcooperationin
possibleallowablematters.Ontheotherhand,seekinghelpfromthedeadandthosewhoareabsentusing
unallowableacts,isanactofMajorShirk,accordingtoIjma`(consensus)ofscholarswithoutanydispute
concerningitbetweentheSahabahandthosewhofollowedthemfromamongthepeopleofknowledge,
beliefandinsight.

IagainemphasizethatbuildingongravesandestablishingMasjidsordomesoverthemisanabominableact
knowntothepeopleofknowledgeandtheIslamicShari`ahforbadethemastheyleadtoShirk.Muslim
scholars,onceagain,shouldhaveTaqwa,wherevertheyare,andadvisepeopleandteachthemthetrue
Shari`ahofAllah,andshouldnotbeamiablewiththosewhopracticeShirkandKufr.Theyshouldwarn
everyone,whetherheisaruler,poor,youngoroldthatthesethingsareunallowableandheshouldguide
themtoAllah'sShari`ah.Itistheirdutytodothiseverywhereandineverypossibleway,whetherverbally,
inwriting,bycomposingabookordeliveringsermonsonFridaysorothers,byphone,fax,oranypossible
meansofcommunicationthatisavailablenowadaysandcanbeusedtoconveyDa`wah(callingtoIslam)
andguidepeopletoAllah'sCorrectPathway.

AllahistheOneWhobringssuccess.

www.ircpk.com

TheIslamicrulingoncelebratingmother'sdayandfamilyday

(PartNo:5,PageNo:189)

IhavereadanarticlepublishedinAlNadwahmagazineissuedin30/11/1384AHunderthetitle"Honoring
theMotherandHonoringtheFamily".InoticedthatthewriterpartiallyapprovedoftheWesterninnovation
ofspecifyingadaytocelebratethemother.Further,hesaysthatmanythinkershavedisregardedfeelingsof
griefandsorrowofthechildrenwhohavelosttheirmotherswhilewatchingothershonoringtheirs.The
writersuggestshonoringtheentirefamilyandregretsthatnosimilarfeastisknowninIslam,sinceShari`ah
(Islamiclaw)obligateshonoringthemotherandtreatingherkindlyatalltimeswithoutspecifyingadayfor
her.

ThewriteriscorrectashesaysthereisnosimilarfestinIslamandashementionsitsdisadvantages,which
wereoverlookedbythosewhoinventedit.Yet,hedidnotmentionthatthisBid`ah(innovationinreligion)
contradictstheauthentictextsconfirmedbytheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)andleadstomany
evilsandimitationofMushriks(thosewhoassociateotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)andKafirs
(disbelievers).Inafewwords,IwishtowarnthewriterandothersfromtheevilsofBid`ahintroducedby
ignorantpeopleandenemiesofIslam,thusgivingafalseideaaboutIslamanddrivingpeopleawayfromit.
OnlyAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)knowshowmuchevilanddissensionoccursasaresult.

ItisconfirmedinmanySahih(authentic)HadithrelatedfromtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)
thathewarnedagainstinnovationinIslamandagainstimitationoftheenemiesofAllahamongtheJews,the
ChristiansandotherMushriks.He(peacebeuponhim)stated, "Whoeverintroducessomethingintothismatterofours
(Islam)thatisnotfromit,itwillberejected." (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim)Inanothernarrationby
Muslim,he(peacebeuponhim)stated, "Whoeverperformsanactionwhichisnotinaccordancewiththismatterofours
(Islam),willhaveitrejected." Itmeansthat

(PartNo:5,PageNo:190)

suchactionswillberejected.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)usedtosayintheFridayKhutbah(sermon),
"ThebestofspeechisAllahsBook(Quran),thebestguidanceistheguidanceofMuhammad(peacebeuponhim),andtheworst
mattersarenovelties(introducedintothereligion)andeveryBid`ahismisguidance." (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih
(authentic)bookofHadith)

Thereisnodoubtthatmarkingaspecificdaytocelebratethemotherorfamilyisaninnovationthatwasnot
apracticeoftheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)orhisrighteousSahabah(Companionsofthe
Prophet).Therefore,itisobligatorytoabandonthispracticeandwarnpeopleagainstitholdingfastonlyto
whatAllahandHisMessengerhaveordained.

ThewriterhasalreadymentionedthatShari`ahhonorsthemotherandpromoteskindtreatmenttowardher
atalltimes.Thisistrue,itisthedutyofallMuslimstofulfillAllah'sCommandsinbeingdutifultothe
mother,honoringher,treatingherkindlyandobeyingherinwhatisgoodatalltimes.Muslimsshouldalso
bewareofinnovationsinIslamasAllahhaswarnedthatleadtoimitatingtheenemiesofAllahand
followingtheirBid`ah.Thisdoesnotreferonlytothemother,forAllahhasorderedMuslimstobedutifulto
theirparentsandtotreatthemkindlyandtokeepgoodrelationswithkithandkin.He(GlorifiedbeHe)
warnsMuslimsagainstungratefulnessandseveringtiesofkinship,especiallywiththemotherwhoassumes
ahugeresponsibilityandendureshardshipsincaringforandbringingupthechild.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)
states: AndyourLordhasdecreedthatyouworshipnonebutHim.Andthatyoubedutifultoyourparents. Allah(Exaltedbe
He)states: AndWehaveenjoinedonman(tobedutifulandgood)tohisparents.Hismotherborehiminweaknessandhardship
uponweaknessandhardship,andhisweaningisintwoyearsgivethankstoMeandtoyourparents.UntoMeisthefinaldestination.
Healsostates: Wouldyouthen,ifyouweregiventheauthority,domischiefintheland,andseveryourtiesofkinship? Such
Further,itisconfirmedthatthe
aretheywhomAllhhascursed,sothatHehasmadethemdeafandblindedtheirsight.
MessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)stated, ShouldIinformyouofthemostgrievousmajorsins?Itwassaid,"Yes,
OMessengerofAllah!"Hesaid,AssociatinganythingwithAllahandingratitudeto

(PartNo:5,PageNo:191)

parents."TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)wasreclining,andthenhesatupandsaid,"Andfalsetestimonyorfalse
utterance. ItisalsoreportedinanotherHadiththat

AmanonceaskedtheProphet(peacebeuponhim),"OMessengerofAllah!Whoamongthepeopleismostdeservingofmykind
treatment?"Hesaid,"Yourmother."He,again,said,"Thenwho?"Hesaid,"Yourmother."Hesaid,"Thenwho?"He(peacebeupon
him)said,"Yourmother."He(again)said,"Thenwho?"TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)thensaid,"Yourfather,thenthenearerand
thenthenearer(toyou)." He(peacebeuponhim)alsostated, "ThepersonwhoseverswillnotenterParadise." Hemeantthe
personwhoseversthebondsofkinship.

Moreover,itisconfirmedthattheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)stated, "Whoeverwouldliketohavetheirwealth
increasedandtheirlifeprolonged,shouldkeepgoodrelationswiththeirfamily." TherearemanyAyahs(Qur'anicverses)andHadith
stressingtheimportanceofbeingdutifultoparentsandmaintainingthetiesofkinshipthosededicatedtothemotherandstressing
herrightareevenmoreofwhichwehavestatedquiteenough.Allofthisevidenceshowstheobligationofhonoring,respectingand www.ircpk.com
treatingbothparentskindly,aswellasallrelativesatalltimes.Theyalsoshowthatbeingundutifultoparentsandseveringthetiesof
kinshipareamongtheworstqualitiesandgravestsinswhichleadtoincurringAllah'sWrathandenteringHellfire,mayAllahsaveus.
ThesemeaningsaregreaterandfarmoreimportantthanwhattheWesternersdoofmarkingadaytocelebratethemotherwhile
neglectinghertherestoftheyear,inadditiontoneglectingtherightsofthefatherandotherrelatives.

SuchcelebrationsholdmanyevilsapartfromitscontradictiontoShari`ahandleadingtofallingintowhattheMessengerofAllah
(peacebeuponhim)haswarnedMuslimsagainst.

Similartothemother'sdaycelebration,othershaveinnovatedcelebratingbirthdays,independencedays,ascensiontothethroneand
otheroccasions.TheseareallBid`ahswhichMuslimshavetakenfromtheenemiesofAllah,neglectingthewarningsandprohibitions
ofShari`ah.Indeed,theMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)stated, Youwouldfollowthesamepathasthosebeforeyou,like
anarrowfollowinganarrow.Soiftheyenteredintoalizardshole,youwouldfollowthem.Itwassaid,OMessengerofAllah!Do
youmeantheJewsandtheChristians?"Hesaid,Whoelse? Inanothernarration,he(peacebeuponhim)said, Mynationwould
follow

(PartNo:5,PageNo:192)

thesamepathasthosebeforeit,handspanbyhandspanandarmslengthbyarmslength.Itwassaid,OMessengerofAllah!Do
youmeanthePersiansandByzantines?"Hesaid,Whoelse? i.e.theyaretheonesintended.

Indeed,everythingtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)anticipatedtookplaceexceptforfewpeople.ManyMuslimsfollowinthe
footstepsofthosefrompreviousnations,suchastheJews,theChristians,theMagiandotherKafirsintheirmoralsanddeeds,until
IslamisestrangedandMuslimsprefertheguidanceoftheKafirsoverthatofMuslims.ManyMuslimsseegooddeedsasevilandevil
deedsasgoodandactsofSunnahasBid`ahswhileBid`ahsareregardedoftheSunnahduetotheirignoranceandnegligenceof
Islamicteachings,moralsanddeeds.Truly,toAllahwebelongandtruly,toHimweshallreturn.MayAllahguideMuslimsto
understandingHisWay,setrighttheiraffairsandguidetheirrulerstowhatisgood.MayAllahgrantscholarssuccessandaidwriters
topromoteIslamandwarnpeopleagainstBid`ahthatgiveitafalsereputation,forAllahisPowerfuloverallthings.Peaceand
blessingsbeuponAllah'sServantandMessengerMuhammad,hisfamily,CompanionsandthosewhofollowhisguidanceandSunnah
untiltheDayofResurrection!

www.ircpk.com

IslamandMuslimsinSoutheastAsia

(PartNo:5,PageNo:193)

AllPraiseisduetoAllah,theLordofallcreationandthebestoutcomeisforthepious.Peaceandblessings
beonHisservant,Messenger,Khalil(closefriend),trusteeofHisrevelation,andthechosenonefromamong
HiscreationourProphet,andleaderMuhammadibn`Abdullah,uponhisfamily,hisCompanions,and
thosewhofollowedhisguidanceuntiltheDayofJudgment.

IndeedIthankAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)forthisgreatblessingofmeetingwithourMuslim
brothersvisitingthesacredHouseofAllah.MayAllahblessthisgatheringandmakeitusefulforallMuslims,
helpingthemtoobeyAllahandcombatfalsedoctrinesandcorruptideas.IthankHim(HemaybeGlorified)
forprescribingtheobligationofHajj(pilgrimage)toHisSacredHousewhereMuslimsfromalloverthe
worldmeeteachother: Thattheymaywitnessthingsthatareofbenefittothem(i.e.rewardofHajjintheHereafter,andalso
someworldlygainfromtrade),andmentiontheNameofAllhonappointeddays(i.e.10th,11th,12th,and13thdayofDhulHijjah),
overthebeastofcattlethatHehasprovidedforthem(forsacrifice),[atthetimeoftheirslaughteringbysaying:(Bismillah,Wallhu
Akbar,AllhummaMinkawaIlaik)]. TheygathertoworshipHimalone,singleHimoutwithallformsofgood
deeds,andsubmittheirneedstoHimatHisAncientHouseaswellasintheSacredRites.Theysupplicateto
Himat`ArafatandMuzdalifahtoaskforHisforgiveness,acceptingtheirHajj,savingthemfromHellfire,
circumambulatingHisAncientHouse,andwalkingbetweenAlSafaandAlMarwah,seekingHisMercyand
fearingHispunishmentasdidtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)andhisCompanions.

Theycomefromeveryplacetoperformthisgreatobligatoryriteandperform

(PartNo:5,PageNo:194)

differentactsofworshiptoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),adviseoneanother,helponeanotherin
righteousnessandpiety,discusstheirproblems,devotethoughttoissuesthatmaybenefittheminthisworld
andintheHereafterandurgeoneanothertoholdfasttoTruthandcalltoit.

Undoubtedly,thebenefitsofHajjarecountless.ItisaDivinegracethatHajjisobservedannuallyand
requiredonlyonceinone'slifetime.Allah(mayHebePraisedandGlorified)prescribedityearlyasa
supererogatoryactinordertodrawclosertoHim.Asfortheobligation,itmustbefulfilledonceinalifetime
forthosewhocanaffordit.Allahmadethishonorablemosque,AlMasjidAlHaram(theSacredMosquein
Makkah)andtheProphet'sMasjid(peacebeuponhim)inAlMadinahAlMunawwarahameetingplaceforHis
piousservants,scholars,andMuslimsfromallovertheworldtobenefitfromtheirHajjandvisitthe
Prophet'sMosqueinordertodrawneartotheirLord,worshipHimalone,benefitfromthescholars,Du`ah
(callers)toAllah,andfromthesessionsofknowledgethatareheldinthetwoSacredMasjids.Thisisoneof
thefavorsofAllah,whichHeconfersonthepilgrimsandthosewhovisittheSacredMosqueandtheProphet's
Mosqueaswellasthosewholivearoundthem.

ThisblessedforumisaboutIslamandMuslimsinSoutheastAsia.Thereisnodoubtthatthisregionisindire
needofIslamicactivity,theeffortsofthecallerstoAllah,theestablishmentofIslamicassociations,centers,
universities,schools,andinstitutionswhereIslamicfacilities,suchashospitalsandinstitutions,shouldbe
availabletohelpMuslimstheretoknowtheirreligionandfightagainsttheirenemies.

ThisregionhasbeenafflictedwithdestructiveideasandconcentrativeeffortsfromtheenemiesofAllahto
ChristianizeandcallitspeopletoCommunism,Buddhismandotherdestructiveandwickedbeliefspromulgated
bymanyoftheenemiesofAllah.

DefendingIslamisobligatoryonthescholarsofIslaminSoutheast

(PartNo:5,PageNo:195)

Asia,morethanothers,becausetheyliveinthemidstofthesedestructivemovementsandseeandhearaboutthem.So,itis
obligatoryuponthemtostrivesincerelytocombatthesedestructiveideas,devilishbeliefs,anddeviantsects.Theymustexpose
falsehoodandcooperateconcertedlyandsincerelytospreadIslam,calltoit,clarifyitsrulings,merits,andrespondtoitsopponents.
Theyshouldalsoexplainthefalsehood,deviation,andevilendsofsuchfalsehoodmongers.

ItisobligatoryonMuslimcountriesallovertheworldtohelpMuslimsofthisregionthatisafflictedwithdestructivebeliefs,
missionaries,Communism,Buddhism,libertinism,etc.ScholarsofIslameverywheremustexerteffortstohelptheirMuslimscholars
andcallersinthisregiontostopthisimminentdangerandtocooperateinfightingthembyalllegalmeans.

ThereisnodoubtthatestablishingIslaminthatregion,callingtoit,andresistingopponentsrequiregreateffortandcontinuouscare.
Wehopethatthefuturetherewillbegoodaswellasinotherregions.WeaskAllahtomaketheeffortsofcallers,reformers,and
scholarssuccessful.

ItisobligatoryonthescholarsandcallerstoAllaheverywheretoaddresstheproblemsofEastAsiaregionfirstandcollectinformation
aboutthemcarefully.Moreover,localscholars,callerstoAllah,andotherforeigncallershavetoidentifyitsproblemsandthemeans
oftheenemiesinmissionarymovementsinordertoeradicatethediseaseandreachafinalcurebythepermissionofAllah.

Thereisnodoubtthatweneedintensifiedefforts,patience,andperseveranceinallcountriesespeciallyIndonesiabecauseitisthe
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biggestIslamiccountryintermsofthenumberofMuslims,whileChristianizationeffortsareintense.Therefore,itisobligatoryon
scholarsofIndonesiaandthelocalcallerstoAllah,andforeigncallerstosupportoneanotherandcooperateinfindingsuitable
solutionsand

(PartNo:5,PageNo:196)

prescribinganeffectivecurefortheseproblemstoresisttheseevilideasandwickedbeliefs.Hopefully,theywillsucceed.Whenthey
provesincereintheircooperationandactivities,andwhentheyhelponeanotherseriouslyandsincerely,Allahwillgrantthemvictory,
helpthemandprotectthemfromtheeviloftheirenemies.Allah(HemaybeGlorified)states: Oyouwhobelieve!Ifyouhelp(inthe
causeof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,andmakeyourfootholdfirm. and: Verily,AllhwillhelpthosewhohelpHis(Cause).Truly,Allhis
AllStrong,AllMighty. Those(Muslimrulers)who,ifWegivethempowerintheland,(they)enjoinIqamatasSalt[i.e.toperform
thefivecompulsorycongregationalSalt(prayers)(themalesinmosques)],topaytheZaktandtheyenjoinAlMarf(i.e.Islmic
MonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbidAlMunkar(i.e.disbelief,polytheismandallthatIslmhasforbidden)[i.e.
theymaketheQurnasthelawoftheircountryinallthespheresoflife].AndwithAllhreststheendof(all)matters(ofcreatures).
a n d : and(asfor)thebelievers,itwasincumbentuponUstohelp(them). Healsosays: Allhhaspromisedthoseamongyouwho
believeanddorighteousgooddeeds,thatHewillcertainlygrantthemsuccessionto(thepresentrulers)intheland,asHegrantedit
tothosebeforethem,andthatHewillgrantthemtheauthoritytopractisetheirreligionwhichHehaschosenforthem(i.e.Islm).
AndHewillsurelygivetheminexchangeasafesecurityaftertheirfear(provided)they(believers)worshipMeanddonotassociate
anything(inworship)withMe.

ThisindicatesthatwhenMuslimshelponeanother,cooperate,andaresincere,Allahpromisesthemvictoryandgoodreturn.

Ocallers,scholars,andMuslimseverywhere,youshouldnotdespairbutmusthopeforallgoodfromAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He).WemustexertallpossibleeffortsandbesinceretoAllahandtoeachother,takingallnecessarylawfulmeanstocalltoAllahand
struggleagainstHisenemies,hopingforvictoryandagoodendfromAllah.Wehavetoresistourenemies,usingthesameweapons
theyuse:culture,economy,sociology,

(PartNo:5,PageNo:197)

politics,etc.Letusscrutinizetheirefforts,actions,wickedplans,andweaponstoresistthemtruthfullyanddiligentlyinsincere
devotiontoAllahandtruecooperationamongourselves.ThisisalongwithaskingAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)forsuccessinour
deeds,words,andallourendeavors.Ourenemiesarealwaystherelyinginwaitforcalamitiestoovercomeus.

Wehavetoprepare,helponeanother,andcooperateforthesakeofTruth,callingtoitandrefutingfalsehoodanditsmongersin
conformitywithAllah'scommands: HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,righteousnessandpiety) and: Andmake
readyagainstthemallyoucanofpower and: Invite(mankind,OMuhammad)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.
Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewiththeminawaythatisbetter.
TherearegroupsofcallersinIndonesia,Malaysia,Philippines,Singapore,andThailand.

MayAllahmakethemameansofbenefitandgrantthemsincerityincallingtoHim,directingpeopletogood,andresistingthe
destructivewaysandideasoftheenemies.

WehavetwoDa`wah(calltoAllah/Islam)officesinIndonesiaandMalaysia.WeaskAllahtomakethemuseful,blessthecausesthat
helptospreadtheIslamiccallandgrantallcallerstoIslamandallMuslimssincerecooperationandfullperformanceofthedutiesof
Da`wah(callingtoIslam)andencouragingthem.WealsoaskAllah(HemaybeGlorified)tohelptheheadsofIslamicsocieties,
centers,institutes,andschoolstoundertakethedutiesofDa`wahincooperationforgoodandpiety.

WeaskAllah(HemaybeGlorified)toguidethosewhoworkinIslamichospitals

(PartNo:5,PageNo:198)

andclinicstocarryouttheirduties.Thesewaysandmeansareofthemostsuccessfulfactorsincallingtothetruthandthwartingthe
plotsoftheenemiesofAllahandIslam.Allahstates: Andsay(OMuhammad)"Dodeeds!Allhwillseeyour
deeds,and(sowill)HisMessengerandthebelievers.

ActivistsmustworkanddevotetheirintentionstoAllahandhelponeanothersincerelyintheIslamicwayaccordingtotheBookof
AllahandtheSunnahofHisMessenger,Muhammad(peacebeuponhim).Theymustgoforth,expectingthebestfromAllahandnot
despairofHisvictory.Theymustremaincommittedtoovercometheperseveranceoftheenemiesintheirfalsehood,tohelpone
anothermorethantheenemiesdointheirerror,Kufr(disbelief),anddeviation.Theyshouldknowthatthegoodendisforthe
righteousandvictoryisforthebelievingservantsofAllah.Allahstates: Sobepatient.Surely,the(good)endisforAlMuttaqn(the
pious) and: Verily,itisthePartyofAllhthatwillbethesuccessful. and: AndthatOurhosts!theyverilywouldbethevictors.

IwouldberemisswereInottothankourgovernment,mayAllahgrantthemsuccess,especiallyKingFahdibn`Abdul`Aziz(may
Allahprotecthim)forthegreatworkandsupportforthisLeagueandtheGeneralPresidencyforScientificResearch,Fatwa,Da`wah,
andGuidancethatstrivetoaddresstheissuesofMuslimsworldwideandtheblessedeffortsthegovernmentexertstosolvethe
problemsofMuslims,bringaboutpeaceandreconciliationbetweenthem,consoleandrelievethemintimesofcrises,calamities,and
disasters.

WeaskAllahforcontinuedsuccessandsupportforgood.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:199)

IcannotforgettothanktheLeagueforitseffortsandactivitiesandtotheworkershere,especiallySecretaryGeneraloftheLeague
Dr.`AbdullahNasifmayAllahgranthimsuccessandguidance.Ialsothanktheaudiencefortheirparticipationinthisspecialnightto
gainbenefits.

MayAllahmakeusofthosewhoguideandarerightlyguidedandofthepiousreformers.MayAllahrectifyourheartsandactions,and
protectusallfromtheevilsofourselves,andfromourbaddeeds.IaskHim(HemaybeGlorified)toguideMuslimseverywhereto
thatwhichbringsaboutHisPleasureandpurifyMuslims'heartsanddeeds.MayAllahentrusttherighteouswiththeaffairsofMuslims
andincreasecallersofguidanceamongthem.

MayAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)reformMuslimleadersandrulerseverywhereandguidethemtoholdfasttoHisDin(religion)
andturntoHisShari`ahforjudgment.Indeed,referringtoShari`ahforjudgmentleadstoallsuccess,guidance,andhappinessinthis
worldandintheHereafter.Indoingso,problemswillbesolvedandvictorywillcome.Thus,weregainourlostgloryandpastmajesty www.ircpk.com
thatwaslostduetonegligenceandsins.ThereisnowaytorestoreourpastgloryandsuccessexceptbyturningtoAllah,returningto
Shari`ah,holdingfasttoitandabidingbyitsjudgmentsineverymatteruntildeath.

MayAllahgrantyouandallofussuccessandguidance.MaypeaceandblessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,
Companions,andthosewhofollowhiminrighteousness.

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ObligationonMuslimscholarsregardingthemanycrisesanddisastersaffectingtheMuslim
world

Q1:WhatistheobligationonMuslimscholarsregardingthecrisesanddisastersthatare
affectingtheMuslimworld?

(PartNo:5,PageNo:200)

A : ThereisnodoubtthatthesinsandviolationsofthetrueAqidah(creed)ofIslam,throughwordsand
deedsarethemainreasonsbehindthecrisesanddisastersthatareafflictingtheMuslims.Allah(Exaltedbe
He)says: Whateverofgoodreachesyou,isfromAllh,butwhateverofevilbefallsyou,isfromyourself. He(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andwhateverofmisfortunebefallsyou,itisbecauseofwhatyourhandshaveearned.AndHe
pardonsmuch.(SeetheQurnVerse35:45). Allah(SupremeisHisMight)isForbearing,OftForgivingandMerciful
towardsHisServants.HesentthemsignsandwarnerssotheywouldreturntoHim,andHeacceptstheir
Tawbah(repentancetoAllah).WhenaServantdrawsclosertotheirLord(mayHebePraised)ahands
length,He(mayHebePraised)drawsclosertothemanarmslength,becauseAllah(ExaltedbeHe)loves
thatHisServantsmakeTawbahandispleasedwithit,eventhoughHeisinnoneedofHisServants.He
(ExaltedbeHe)isnotbenefittedbyanyactsofobediencenorisHeharmedbyanyactsofdisobedience
fromthehumansandJinn.ButHeisCompassionateandMercifulwithHisServantsandHeistheOneWho
guidesthemtoobeyHimandavoiddisobeyingHim.Thesecrisesanddisastersarenomorethanwarners
forAllahsServantstoreturntoHim(ExaltedbeHe)andordealsbywhichHeteststhem.Allah(Exaltedbe
He)says: Andcertainly,Weshalltestyouwithsomethingoffear,hunger,lossofwealth,livesandfruits,butgivegladtidingsto
A sSbirn(thepatient). Who,whenafflictedwithcalamity,say:"Truly!ToAllhwebelongandtruly,toHimweshallreturn."
TheyarethoseonwhomaretheSalawt(i.e.whoareblessedandwillbeforgiven)fromtheirLord,and(theyarethosewho)receive
HisMercy,anditistheywhoaretheguidedones.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:201)

He(mayHebePraised)alsosays: Evil(sinsanddisobediencetoAllh)hasappearedonlandandseabecauseofwhatthe
handsofmenhaveearned(byoppressionandevildeeds),thatHe(Allh)maymakethemtasteapartofthatwhichtheyhavedone,
inorderthattheymayreturn(byrepentingtoAllh,andbeggingHisPardon). AndHe(ExaltedbeHe)says: andWeshall
makeatrialofyouwithevilandwithgood.AndtoUsyouwillbereturned. AndHe(mayHebePraised)says: AndWetried
TherearemanyAyahs
themwithgood(blessings)andevil(calamities)inorderthattheymightturn(toAllhsObedience).
(Quranicverses)tothiseffect.

Itis,therefore,obligatoryupontheMuslimleaders,scholars,Emirs,andotherstopayattentiontoevery
crisisanddisasterthatoccurs,andremindthepeopleofthemisdeedstheyhavecommitted.TheMuslim
leadership,includingthescholarsandgovernors,shouldsetgoodexamplesindoingrighteousdeeds.They
shouldseekoutthereasonsbehindAllahsWrathandIndignation,andencounterthemwithTawbah,
seekingHisForgiveness,andcorrectingthebadconditions.TheMuslimUmmah(nationbaseduponone
creed)shouldfollowtheminthis,becausetherightguidanceofthescholarandthewisdomanduprightness
oftherulersisagreatinfluenceontheirpeople.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Allofyouare
guardiansandresponsibleforyourcharges.

IftheMuslimscontinuecommittingmisdeedswithoutanycondemnationbytheauthoritiesorthose
responsible,thiswillbringabouttheWrathofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)upontheUmmah.IfAllahsWrath
descends,itencompassesboththosewhodogoodandthosewhodoevilIseekrefugewithAllahfrom
this!Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: AndfeartheFitnah(afflictionandtrial)whichaffectsnotinparticular(only)thoseofyouwho
dowrong(butitmayafflictallthegoodandthebadpeople)

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: IfthepeopleseetheMunkar(evil,wrongdoing)andtheydonotchangeit,Allahis
abouttoinflictthemallwithHisPunishment. (RelatedbyImamAhmadinhis"Musnad[Hadithcompilation]"onthe
authorityofAbuBakrAlSiddiq)Moreover,Allah(mayHebePraised)says:

(PartNo:5,PageNo:202)

Verily,Allhwillnotchangethe(good)conditionofapeopleaslongastheydonotchangetheirstate(ofgoodness)themselves(by
committingsinsandbybeingungratefulanddisobedienttoAllh).ButwhenAllhwillsapeoplespunishment,therecanbenoturning
backofit,andtheywillfindbesidesHimnoprotector. Thescholars,inparticular,areresponsiblebeforeAllah(Exalted
beHe)fortheenlightenmentofpeople,guidingthem,andteachingthemtherightfromthewrong,the
beneficialfromtheharmful.

WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)toguidealltheMuslimstoobeytheirLordandtoadheretotheguidanceof
theirProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)!MayHeguidetheirleadersandscholarstofollowthe
straightpathandinvitetheUmmahtoit!MayAllahguidetheMuslimswhoareastrayandsettheiraffairs
aright!Indeed,AllahisthePatronandtheOneWhoisCapableofdoingso.

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Q2:WhatisthedutyofMuslimscholarsregardingtheeverincreasingorganizationsand
groupsinIslamicandnonIslamiccountries?Theydisputeovermanyissuesandfindfaultwith
eachother.Doyouthinkthatyourinterventionisthebestwaytoendthesedisputesthrough
explainingthetruth?Itshouldbenotedthatthesedisputesmayworsenandhavebad
consequencesfortheMuslims.

A : OurProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)showedustheonewaythatMuslimsmustfollow.Itis
Allah'sstraightPathandthesoundmethodologyofHisDin(religion).Allah(ExaltedbeHe)states, "And
verily,this(i.e.AllhsCommandmentsmentionedintheabovetwoVerses151and152)isMyStraightPath,sofollowit,andfollow
not(other)paths,fortheywillseparateyouawayfromHisPath.ThisHehasordainedforyouthatyoumaybecomeAlMuttaqn(the
piousseeV.2:2)."

OurLordofGloryandMajestyforbadetheUmmah(community)ofMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)from
divisionanddisputing,asthiswouldleadtotheenemy'ssuccessanddomination.Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)states, Andholdfast,allofyoutogether,totheRopeofAllh(i.e.thisQurn),andbenotdividedamong
yourselves and:

(PartNo:5,PageNo:203)

He(Allh)hasordainedforyouthesamereligion(IslmicMonotheism)whichHeordainedforNh(Noah),andthatwhichWehave
revealedtoyou(OMuhammad),andthatwhichWeordainedforIbrhm(Abraham),Ms(Moses)andIs
(Jesus)sayingyoushouldestablishreligion(i.e.todowhatitordersyoutodopractically),andmakenodivisionsinit(religion)(i.e.
varioussectsinreligion).IntolerablefortheMushrikn,isthat(IslamicMonotheism)towhichyou(OMuhammad
)callthem.

AllahcallsMuslimstounityandjoinheartstogether.Theincreasingnumberofsocieties,whichofferaidand
cooperateinrighteousnessandpietyinanyMuslimcountry,issomethinggoodandbeneficialforMuslims
whentheirleadershavenoulteriormotives.

However,ifthesegroupsmisleadandcriticizeeachother,thesituationwillgofrombadtoworseandcause
severeharmtoMuslims.Muslimscholars,therefore,areobligedtoexplainthetruthandspeakwitheach
groupororganizationsandadvisethemtofollowthewayshownbyAllahandencouragedbyourProphet
Muhammad(peacebeuponhim).Anygroup,whichexceedstheproperlimitsorbehavesstubbornlyfor
personalgainknowntononebutAllah,mustbedefamed,sothateverybodywouldbecarefulindealing
withit.Anyonewhoknowsanythingbadaboutagroupshouldwarnpeopleagainstit,sothattheywill
avoidinvolvementwithitandescapethepossibilityofbeingmisledanddeterredfromtheStraightPaththat
Allahhasordainedtobefollowed.He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)states, "Andverily,this(i.e.Allhs
CommandmentsmentionedintheabovetwoVerses151and152)isMyStraightPath,sofollowit,andfollownot(other)paths,for
theywillseparateyouawayfromHisPath.ThisHehasordainedforyouthatyoumaybecomeAlMuttaqn(thepiousseeV.2:2)."

Undoubtedly,themultiplicityofopposingsectsandgroupsintheMuslimcommunityisfavoredfirstby
SatanandsecondbytheenemiesofIslam.Muslims'convergence,unity,andawarenessofthethreat
targetingour`Aqidahhelpcombattheenemy,collectivelyworkforthegoodofotherMuslimsandwardoff
thedangerthreateningthecountryandMuslimbrothers.Sincetheenemies,amongthemankindandJinn,
disapprovethisapproach,theyarekeentodisunitetheMuslimsandsowseedsof

(PartNo:5,PageNo:204)

hatredamongthem.WeaskAllahtounitethewordofMuslimsuponthetruthanderadicateanyFitnah
(temptation)ormisguidance,forHeistheOneWhoisCapableofdoingso.

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Q3:TheenemiesofIslamarekeentopenetratetheMuslimcountries,usingeverypossible
means.Please,enlightenusconcerningwhatshouldbedonetostopthiscurrentthat
threatenstheMuslimsocieties.

A : Infact,itisnotunusualthatthemissionariesofChristianity,Judaism,andotherdestructivecreedsdo
theirbesttopenetrateMuslims.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)toldusaboutthisinNobleQur'an, NeverwilltheJewsnor
theChristiansbepleasedwithyou(OMuhammad)tillyoufollowtheirreligion.Say:"Verily,theGuidanceofAllh
(i.e.IslmicMonotheism)thatisthe(only)Guidance.Andifyou(OMuhammad)weretofollowtheir(Jewsand
Christians)desiresafterwhatyouhavereceivedofKnowledge(i.e.theQurn),thenyouwouldhaveagainstAllhneitheranyWal
(protectororguardian)noranyhelper. and, Andtheywillneverceasefightingyouuntiltheyturnyoubackfromyourreligion
(IslmicMonotheism)iftheycan.

InlightoftheseAyahs(Qur'anicVerses),theymakeeveryefforttogaininfluenceinMuslimcountries.They
havetheirownwaysof,forinstance,raisingskepticismanddoubts.Theycontinuedoingthisconsistently
andtirelessly,motivatedandencouragedbythechurchwhichdirectsandfinancestheirefforts,letalone
theirfeelingsofenvy,grudge,andhatredthattheyentertainagainstIslam.

Indeed,wemustraiseawarenessandguidanceamongMuslimsthroughtheirleadersandscholarstoresist
theeffortsoftheenemieswithcounterefforts.TheIslamicUmmah(nation)undertakestheresponsibilityof
preservingandconveyingtheAmanah(trust)ofIslam.IfweprovidetheMuslimchildrenwithknowledge
andfaith,andaccustomthemtopracticeit

(PartNo:5,PageNo:205)

fromchildhood,wewillnotworryaboutthemaslongastheyremainonAllah'spath,glorifyit,followits
teachings,andopposewhatcontradictsit.Onthecontrary,theirenemieswillfearthem,asAllah(Glorified
beHe)states, Oyouwhobelieve!Ifyouhelp(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,andmakeyourfootholdfirm. and, Butif
youremainpatientandbecomeAlMuttaqn[thepiousSeeV.2:2],nottheleastharmwilltheircunningdotoyou.Surely,Allh
surroundsallthattheydo. TherearemanyAyahsthatstressthismeaning.Themostimportantfactorthathelps
stoppingthiscurrentisproducingagenerationthatunderstandsthetruthofIslam.Indeed,thiscanbe
achievedthroughguidanceandcarewhetherathome,school,throughmassmedia,andsocialdevelopment.

Inaddition,Muslimleadersshouldassumetheirroleofguidancebyedifyingworkandconstantlyreminding
peopleofwhatbenefitsthemandestablishesthe`Aqidah(belief)intheirsouls.Allahsays, verily,inthe
remembranceofAllhdoheartsfindrest. Thereisnodoubtthatcarelessnessisoneofthereasonsbehind
penetratingtheMuslimcountriesbytheenemiesofIslamthroughcultureandsciencesthatgradually
distanceMuslimsawayfromtheirreligion.Asaresult,evilspreadsamongMuslimsandtheyareaffectedby
theconceptsoftheirenemies.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)hascommandedthebelievinggroupto
endureandbemorepatientinHisCausewitheverypossiblemeans.Allahsays, Oyouwhobelieve!Endureandbe
morepatient(thanyourenemy),andguardyourterritorybystationingarmyunitspermanentlyattheplacesfromwheretheenemy
canattackyou,andfearAllh,sothatyoumaybesuccessful. and, AsforthosewhostrivehardinUs(OurCause),Wewillsurely
guidethemtoOurPaths(i.e.AllhsreligionIslmicMonotheism).Andverily,AllhiswiththeMuhsinn(gooddoers)." Iimplore
AllahwithHisMostBeautifulNamesandAttributesto

(PartNo:5,PageNo:206)

rectifytheaffairsofMuslims,grantthemdeepunderstandingofIslam,makealltheirleadersagreeuponAl
Haqq(theTruth),andguidetheirretinues.HeistheMostGenerous.MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbe
uponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,andCompanions!

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(PartNo:5,PageNo:207)

ClarifyingsomeimportantissuesunknowntomanyMuslims

PraisebetoAllahtheLordoftheWorlds.PeaceandblessingsbeupontheslaveofAllah,HisMessengerand
Slave,thebestofHiscreaturesandHistrusteeoftheRevelation,ourProphet,ImamandmasterMuhammad
ibn`AbdullahanduponhisHouseholdandSahabah(companions)andthosewhofollowedhisexampleand
guidance.

Thisisaconciselectureonsomeissueswhicharenotknowntomanypeople.

ItisknownthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)createdboththeJinnandmankindtoworshipHim.Thus,Hesentthe
MessengersandrevealedtheBookstocallonpeoplemalesandfemales,jinnandmankindtoworship
Him.Worship,whichisthewisdombehindsendingtheMessengersandrevealingthebooks,istherightof
AllahuponHisSlaves,whethermalesorfemales,jinnorhuman,ArabsornonArabs,therichorthepoor
andtherulersortheruled.AllofthemarecreatedinordertoworshipAllahandactaccordingtothe
teachingsoftheMessengersandtherevealedbooks.BoththejinnandmankindareorderedtoobeyAllah
andHisMessenger,becausetheyarecreatedtoworship,glorify,andobeyAllah(ExaltedbeHe).

Thisisoneofthegreatestandmostimportantissues.WeshouldknowforsurethatAllahcreatedjinnand
mankindtoworshipHimAlone.Therefore,weshouldabidebyHisCommands,avoidHisprohibitions,and
abstainfromwhatisrendered

(PartNo:5,PageNo:208)

impermissiblebyAllah(glorybetoHim)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).Allah(mayHebeExalted
andGlorified)says, AndI(Allh)creatednotthejinnandmankindexceptthattheyshouldworshipMe(Alone). and, O
mankind!WorshipyourLord(Allh) and, Omankind!BedutifultoyourLord TheseAyahs(Qur'anicVerses)addressall
people,malesandfemales,rulersandtheruled,manandjinn,ArabsandnonArabs,therichandthepoor.
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says, Omankind!BeafraidofyourLord(bykeepingyourdutytoHimandavoidingallevil),andfeara
Daywhennofathercanavailaughtforhisson,norasonavailaughtforhisfather.Verily,thePromiseofAllhistrue:letnotthen
this(worldly)presentlifedeceiveyou,norletthechiefdeceiver(Satan)deceiveyouaboutAllh. Allahalsosays, Omankind!
WorshipyourLord(Allh),WhocreatedyouandthosewhowerebeforeyousothatyoumaybecomeAlMuttaqn(thepiousSee
V.2:2).

Allahalsosays, Omankind!BedutifultoyourLord,Whocreatedyoufromasingleperson(Adam),andfromhim(Adam)He
createdhiswife[Haww(Eve)],andfromthembothHecreatedmanymenandwomenandfearAllhthroughWhomyoudemand
(yourmutualrights),and(donotcuttherelationsof)thewombs(kinship).Surely,AllhisEveranAllWatcheroveryou. Allahalso
says, Omankind!FearyourLordandbedutifultoHim!Verily,theearthquakeoftheHour(ofJudgement)isaterriblething. Allah
alsosays, Omankind!Wehavecreatedyoufromamaleandafemale,andmadeyouintonationsandtribes,thatyoumayknow
oneanother.Verily,themosthonourableofyouwithAllhisthat(believer)whohasAtTaqw[i.e.heisoneoftheMuttaqn(the
pious.SeeV.2:2)].Verily,AllhisAllKnowing,AllAware.

InsuchAyahsandtheirlikes,Allahcommandspeopleingeneraltoknowthat

(PartNo:5,PageNo:209)

theyshouldworshipHimbecauseHecreatedthemandfearHimbycarryingoutHiscommandsand
avoidingHisprohibitions.`Ibadah(worshipofAllah)impliespiousness,guidance,righteousnessandIslam,
whichAllahsenttheMessengersandsentdowntheDivineBooks.ItindicatesthatweshouldworshipAllah
Alone,seekHimOnlywithourobedienceandactsofworship,carryouttheactsofworshipinaccordance
withwhatHe(glorybetoHim)legislated,nottoworshipanyonebesideHim,beitajinn,ahumanbeing,
anidol,astaroranythingelsefromamongHiscreatures.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)saysinSurahA lFatihah,
You(Alone)weworship,andYou(Alone)weaskforhelp(foreachandeverything). AndHe(glorybetoHim)saysinother
Surahs, Andtheywerecommandednot,butthattheyshouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfrom
ascribingpartnerstoHim) and, Omankind!WorshipyourLord(Allh) and, AndyourLordhasdecreedthatyouworshipnone
butHim. and, So,callyou(OMuhammadandthebelievers)upon(orinvoke)Allhmaking(your)worshippure
forHim(Alone)(byworshippingnonebutHimandbydoingreligiousdeedssincerelyforAllhssakeonlyandnottoshowoffandnot
tosetuprivalswithHiminworship),howevermuchthedisbelievers(intheOnenessofAllh)mayhate(it). Alltheseandmany
otherAyahsprovethenecessityofseekingAllahalonewithworshipanddiscardingallotherthanHim.

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Allah'sduerightonHisslavesistoworshipHimalonewithoutassociatinganything
withHim,whereastheslaves'rightonAllahisthatHeshallnevertorturethosewhodonotassociateotherswithHim. When
Allah'sMessenger(peacebeuponhim)wasaskedaboutIslam,hesaid, Islamistotestifythatthereisnoone
worthyofworshipexceptAllahandthatMuhammadisAllah'sMessenger,performSalah(prayer),payZakah(obligatorycharity),
observeHajj(pilgrimage)totheHouse(AlKa`bah,i.e.Kaaba)ifyoucanafforddoingso. WhenHewasaskedaboutIman
(faith)hesaid, ImanistohaveafirmfaithinAllah,HisAngels,HisBooks,HisProphets,andtheDayofJudgment,andtobelieve
intheDivinePredestinationwhethergoodorbad. WhenHewasaskedaboutIhsan(theperfectionofFaith),hesaid, www.ircpk.com
IhsanistoworshipAllahasifyouareseeingHim,forifdonot

(PartNo:5,PageNo:210)

seeHim,verily,Heseesyou.

Thesemattersarerequestedfromall,menandwomen.Oneshouldsincerelytestifythatnoonehastherighttobeworshipedbut
AllahandthatAllahistheOnlyGod,WhohasnopartnermayHeGlorifiedandExalted.Accordingly,aMuslimintendsnonebutAllah
withhissupplication,Salah(Prayer),Sawm(Fast),andotheractsofworship.

ThedeclarationthatMuhammadisAllah'sMessengerrequiresthatmankind,malesorfemales,testifythatMuhammadibn`Abdullah
ibn`AbdulMuttalibisAllah'sMessengerwhowassenttojinnandmankind,ArabsandnonArabs,malesandfemales,thepoorand
therich,andtherulersandtheruled.Moreover,theyareaskedtoobeythisMessengerandhavefaithinhim.Allahchoseourprophet
fromthebesttribeandthebestcountry,namelyMakkahAlMukarramahandrevealedthebestreligiontohim,i.e.Islam.Therefore,
jinnandmankindshouldbelieveinhim,abidebyhisorders,andbelievethatheisthelastprophetandthereisnoprophetafterhim.
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)saysinhisGloriousBook, Say(OMuhammad):"Omankind!Verily,Iamsenttoyouallas
theMessengerofAllh

Allahalsosays, AndWehavenotsentyou(OMuhammad)exceptasagiverofgladtidingsandawarnertoall
mankind and, AndWehavesentyou(OMuhammad):notbutasamercyfortheAlamn(mankind,jinnandall
thatexists). ProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)isamercyforalltheworldsandthemessengerofAllahtojinnandmankind
whoshouldbelieveinandtrusthim,abidebyhiscommandsandprohibitions,actuponhisShari`ah(revealedlaw)andtestifythathe
isthelastoftheProphets(peacebeuponhim).Allah(glorybetohim)says, Muhammad()isnotthefatherof
anyofyourmen,butheistheMessengerofAllhandthelast(end)oftheProphets.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:211)

AllMuslimshavetoofferthefivedailySalahsZhuhr(Noon)Prayer,`Asr(Afternoon)Prayer,Maghrib(Sunset)Prayer,`Isha'(Night)
Prayer,andFajr(Dawn)Prayerattheirduetimes.Similarly,theyhavetopayZakahoftheirproperties,offerSawmofthemonthof
Ramadaneveryyear,andperformHajjtotheSacredHouseiftheyareabletodoso.Inaddition,allpeoplemustbelieveinAllah,His
Angels,HisMessengers,theLastDay,andtheDivineDecree.BeliefintheLastDayimpliesbelievinginresurrectionafterdeath,
RewardandPunishmentafterdeath,Reckoning,ParadiseandHell.BeliefintheDivineDecreeistohavefirmfaiththatAllahdecrees,
knows,counts,andrecordsallthingsandthatAllahwroteanddeterminedthelifetimes,sustenance,andactsofHiscreatures.
Consequently,weshouldactuponwhatHelegislatedforusandavoidwhatheprohibitedonus.Indeed,everyonewillfindeasywhat
heispredestinedtocarryout.

PerfectingfaithisaccomplishedwhenyouworshipAllahasifyouseeHimandthatifyoudonotseeHimHeseesyou.Thisisthe
degreeofIhsan,whichimpliesofferingactsofworshipasifoneseesAllah,sothatonewouldofferanyactofworshipwithutmost
perfectionandsincerityforifhe/shedoesnotseeAllah,verily,Allahseeshim/her.Moreover,oneshouldworshipAllahonthebasis
thatHeseesandwatcheshimandknowsonescondition.AtrueMuslimfulfillsAllah'sRightuponhimperfectlyandtruthfullyinthe
bestway.Oneshouldtakecareofthis.Onceagain,westressthefactthatthereligionwasrevealedtoallhumankindandjinntoact
accordinglyworshipAllahAloneandcontinueofferingthepillarsofIslam,namelythedeclarationthatnoonehastherighttobe
worshipedexceptAllahandthatMuhammadisAllah'sMessenger,offeringSalah,PayingZakah,observingSawmofRamadan,and
performingHajjtotheSacredHouseifonecanaffordit.Likewise,theymusthavefirmfaithinAllah,HisAngels,HisBooks,His
Messengers,theLastDay,andtheDivineDecreewhethergoodorbad.ItisnarratedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.
AlBukhariandMuslim)ontheauthorityofIbn`Umar(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)

(PartNo:5,PageNo:212)

thatAllah'sMessenger(peacebeuponhim)said, Islamisbasedonfivepillars:thedeclarationthatthereisnooneworthyofworship
butAllahandthatMuhammadistheMessengerofAllahofferingSalahgivingZakahSawmofRamadanperformingHajjtothe
House(Ka`bah). ThefollowingAyahhighlightsthismatterandstressesthatworshipisaduerightonall: Thebelievers,menand
women,areAuliy (helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.Islmic
MonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andall
thatIslmhasforbidden)theyperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),andgivetheZakt,andobeyAllhandHisMessenger.Allhwill
haveHisMercyonthem.SurelyAllhisAllMighty,AllWise.

Allah(glorybetoHim)deemedthemallaspartnersconcerningloyaltyamongstthemandloveforthesakeofAllah,enjoininggood,
forbiddingevil,performingSalah,givingZakahandobeyingAllahandHisMessengerineverything.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says,
Whoeverworksrighteousnesswhethermaleorfemalewhilehe(orshe)isatruebeliever(ofIslmicMonotheism)verily,tohim
Wewillgiveagoodlife(inthisworldwithrespect,contentmentandlawfulprovision),andWeshallpaythemcertainlyarewardin
proportiontothebestofwhattheyusedtodo(i.e.ParadiseintheHereafter). He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)includedallmenand
womeninthisAyahtoshowthatthematterisgeneralforallofthem.He(ExaltedbeHe)says, Itwillnotbeinaccordancewithyour
desires(Muslims),northoseofthepeopleoftheScripture(JewsandChristians),whosoeverworksevil,willhavetherecompense
thereof,andhewillnotfindanyprotectororhelperbesidesAllh. Andwhoeverdoesrighteousgooddeeds,maleorfemale,andis
a(true)believer[intheOnenessofAllh(Muslim)],suchwillenterParadiseandnottheleastinjustice,eventothesizeofaspeckon
thebackofadatestone,willbedonetothem. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)indicatesthatwhoeverdoesevildeeds,whethermanor
woman,willbepunishedforitandwhoeverdoesgooddeeds,whethermanorwoman,observingfaith,truthfulness,andsincerity,
his/herrewardisParadise,honorandhappiness.Allahsays, Verily,theMuslims(thosewhosubmittoAllhinIslm)menand
women,thebelieversmenandwomen(whobelieveinIslmicMonotheism),themenandthewomenwhoareobedient(toAllh),the
menandwomenwhoaretruthful(intheirspeechanddeeds),themenandthewomenwhoarepatient(inperformingalltheduties
whichAllhhasorderedandinabstainingfromallthatAllhhasforbidden),themenandthewomenwhoarehumble(beforetheir
LordAllh),themenandthewomenwhogiveSadaqt(i.e.Zakt,andalms),themenandthewomenwhoobserveSaum(fast)
(theobligatoryfastingduringthemonthofRamadn,andtheoptionalNawfilfasting),themenandthewomenwhoguardtheir
chastity(fromillegalsexualacts)andthemenandthewomenwhorememberAllhmuchwiththeirheartsandtonguesAllhhas
preparedforthemforgivenessandagreatreward(i.e.Paradise).

(PartNo:5,PageNo:213)

AccordingtotheAyah,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)addressedbothmenandwomenwiththis.

Thismustbeknownbycertaintyandaccordinglyeverybeliever,manorwoman,shouldstrivetofulfillhisorherdutiesfortheywillbe
askedaboutthis.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, So,byyourLord(OMuhammad),Weshallcertainlycallallofthem
toaccount. Forallthattheyusedtodo. Infact,everyoneisresponsiblefortherightofAllahandotherrelevantrightstothefather, www.ircpk.com
mother,wife,descendents,neighbors,andothers.Weshouldfulfilltheserights,learnthereligion,andbeawareoftherulingofAllah
oneverything.

Inaddition,weshouldcontemplatetheGloriousQur'an,foritisrevealedfortheguidanceofthejinnandmankind.Therefore,we
shouldactuponitandacquirethemannersthatitcallsforandbewareoftheviceswhichitforbids.Thisbookistherevelationof
Allah,containingguidanceandlightandAllahrevealeditforpeopletoobserveitsteachingsandinstructions.TheGloriousQur'an,
indeed,isthestrongropeofAllahandHisstraightpathrevealedtoHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)toactupon,nottojustutter.
Allah(glorybetohim)says, AndthisisablessedBook(theQurn)whichWehavesentdown,sofollowitandfearAllh(i.e.donot
disobeyHisOrders),thatyoumayreceivemercy(i.e.besavedfromthetormentofHell). He(ExaltedbeHe)makesmercydependent
onfollowingtheteachingsoftheGloriousQur'an.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says, [Say(OMuhammad)tothese
idolaters(paganArabs)ofyourfolk:]FollowwhathasbeensentdownuntoyoufromyourLord(theQurnandProphetMuhammads
Sunnah),andfollownotanyAuliy(protectorsandhelperswhoorderyoutoassociatepartnersinworshipwithAllh),besidesHim
(Allh).Littledoyouremember! Allahalsosays, (Thisis)aBook(theQurn)whichWehavesentdowntoyou,fullofblessings,
thattheymayponderoveritsVerses,andthatmenofunderstandingmayremember. Allahalsosays, Verily,thisQurnguidesto
thatwhichismostjustandright

(PartNo:5,PageNo:214)

Healsosays, Say:Itisforthosewhobelieve,aguideandahealing."

TheQur'anincludesguidanceandlightanditisAllah'sstraightpathforallpeople.Consequently,theyshouldruleaccordingto,adhere
to,andponderonit.AllahsaysinHisGloriousBook, DotheynotthenthinkdeeplyintheQurn,oraretheirheartslockedup(from
understandingit)? ThisAyahindicatesthatitisnecessarytoponderitandtobewareofturningawayfromit.

Similarly,weshouldadheretotheSunnahoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim),whichincludeshissayings,acts,andapprovals.

Allpeople,menandwomen,shouldfollowtheSunnah.Allah(mayHebeExaltedandGlorified)says, AndobeyAllhandthe
Messenger(Muhammad)thatyoumayobtainmercy. ObeyingtheProphetisnothingbutfollowinghisSunnah
whichisprovedtobeauthentic.Allahsays, HewhoobeystheMessenger(Muhammad),hasindeedobeyedAllh
Allahalsosays, AndwhatsoevertheMessenger(Muhammad)givesyou,takeitandwhatsoeverheforbidsyou,
abstain(fromit). Healsosays, Oyouwhobelieve!ObeyAllhandobeytheMessenger(Muhammad),andthose
ofyou(Muslims)whoareinauthority.(And)ifyoudifferinanythingamongstyourselves,referittoAllhandHisMessenger(
),ifyoubelieveinAllhandintheLastDay.Thatisbetterandmoresuitableforfinaldetermination. TheAyahorders
MuslimstoresorttoAllah(i.e.theQur'an)andtheMessenger

(PartNo:5,PageNo:215)

duringhislifeandtohisSunnahafterhisdeath.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says, AndletthosewhoopposetheMessengers(Muhammad
)commandment(i.e.hisSunnahlegalways,orders,actsofworship,statements)(amongthesects)beware,
lestsomeFitnah(disbelief,trials,afflictions,earthquakes,killing,overpoweredbyatyrant)shouldbefallthemorapainfultormentbe
inflictedonthem.

Accordingly,weshouldglorifytheSunnahoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim),adheretoit,rulebyit,andactaccordingtoit,foritis
thesecondsourceofShari`ah.ItalsoexplainstheQur'anandillustrateswhatisnotknownofit.AddressingHisProphet,inSurahAl
Nahl,Allahsays, AndWehavealsosentdownuntoyou(OMuhammad)theDhikr[reminderandtheadvice(i.e.
theQurn)],thatyoumayexplainclearlytomenwhatissentdowntothem,andthattheymaygivethought. TheAyahstatesthat
AllahrevealedtheDhikr,whichistheQur'an,tohisMessengertoshowpeopletherulingsoftheirreligionfromtheBookofAllahand
theSunnahofhisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).

Accordingly,weshouldglorifytheBookofourLordandtheSunnahofourProphet(peacebeuponhim),actuponthemineverything
andavoidcontradictingthem.Allahsays, Say:"ObeyAllhandobeytheMessenger,butifyouturnaway,he(MessengerMuhammad
)isonlyresponsibleforthedutyplacedonhim(i.e.toconveyAllhsMessage)andyouforthatplacedonyou.If
youobeyhim,youshallbeontherightguidance.TheMessengersdutyisonlytoconvey(themessage)inaclearway(i.e.topreach
inaplainway)."

ItisimportantforalltoknowthatthecommandsofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)areforbothmenandwomenexceptwhatwasspecified
withproof.TheBookofAllahandtheSunnahoftheProphetmentionedcertainrulingsthatareconnectedwithmenonlyandother
rulingsthatareconnectedwithwomenonlyforagreatdivinewisdom.Weshouldactupontheserulings,approveofthemandbe
satisfiedandcontentwiththeruleofAllah,forHeistheMostJustofthejudgesandHeknowswelltheconditionsofHisslaves.There
isnoadjustertoHisruleorrepellertohisDecree.Indeed,HeisthemostOneWhoknows

(PartNo:5,PageNo:216)

whatsetsrightHisslave.Thus,amanistheprotectorandmaintainerofawoman.Indeed,heisresponsibleforprovidingfinancial
supportforhiswife,offspring,andundertakingheraffairs.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Menaretheprotectorsandmaintainersof
women,becauseAllhhasmadeoneofthemtoexceltheother,andbecausetheyspend(tosupportthem)fromtheirmeans.

Amanshouldundertakethemattersofhiswifeandprovideherwithexpenditure,observinggoodcompanionshipandpleasantwords
anddeeds.Allahsays, andlivewiththemhonourably. Healsosays, Andthey(women)haverights(overtheirhusbandsasregards
livingexpenses)similar(tothoseoftheirhusbands)overthem(asregardsobedienceandrespect)towhatisreasonable,butmen
haveadegree(ofresponsibility)overthem. Menareresponsibleforsustainingwomenthroughprovidingthemwithexpenses,
fulfillingtheirrights,dealingwiththeminagoodandpleasantway,andundertakingtheirmaritalinterestswhilewomenare
responsibleoftakingcareofthemattersofthehouseandtheoffspringandfulfillingtherightsoftheirhusbands.

Moreover,amongthedutiesofmenistoofferSalahintheMasjid(mosque)andrespondtoAdhan(thecalltoSalah).TheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said, Whoeverhearsthecall(Adhan)andhedoesnotcome(toofferthedueSalah),thenthereisnovalid
Salahforhimexceptwithanexcuse. Asforwomen,theyarenotrequiredtoofferSalahintheMasjid.Theyshouldofferitintheir
houses,foritisbetterforthem,becausetheyare`Awrah(notallowedtobeunveiled).Moreover,somedangersmayresultfrom
theircomingout.AllahlegislatedforthemtoofferSalahintheirhouses,notintheMasjid.However,thereisnoharmiftheycometo
theMasjidwiththeconditionofbeingveiled,dressedmodestly,andobservingtheetiquettesofShari`ah(Islamiclaw).Inspiteof
fulfillingthis,womenshouldknowthatofferingSalahintheirhousesisbetterforthemthanofferingitintheMasjid,accordingtowhat
isauthenticallyreportedfromtheProphetinthisregard. www.ircpk.com
Also,amongtheissueswhicharelimitedtomenandnotwomenisJihad(fightingintheCauseofAllah).

(PartNo:5,PageNo:217)

Menarelegallyrequiredtofightenemiesandcarryweaponswhilewomenarenotresponsibleforanyofthat. `Aishah(mayAllahbe
pleasedwithher)said,"OAllah'sMessenger,weconsiderJihadasthebestdeed.ShouldwenotfightforAllah'sCause?"Hesaid,
"Youarecommandedwitha(kindof)Jihadwhichincludesnofighting,namelyHajjand`Umrah(lesserPilgrimage)." Womenarenot
askedtocarryoutJihad,whichinvolvesfightingwiththebodyandweapons,fortheyaretooweaktodosoandtheyareattractiveto
menandthismayresultingravetroubles.Jihadbytheselfisformen,notforwomen,whereasJihadbymoneyisforall,menand
women,accordingtothemostauthenticofthescholars'twomainviewsandthegeneralityofproofs.Allah(glorybetoHim)says,
Marchforth,whetheryouarelight(beinghealthy,youngandwealthy)orheavy(beingill,oldandpoor),andstrivehardwithyour
wealthandyourlivesintheCauseofAllh. and, Oyouwhobelieve!ShallIguideyoutoatradethatwillsaveyoufromapainful
torment? ThatyoubelieveinAllhandHisMessenger(Muhammad)andthatyoustrivehardandfightinthe
CauseofAllhwithyourwealthandyourlives:thatwillbebetterforyou,ifyoubutknow! TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said,
Fightthepolytheistsbyyourproperty,persons,andtongues. TherearemanyAyahsandHadithstothiseffectthatisgeneralformen
andwomenexceptforphysicalJihad,becauseofthepreviousHadithnarratedby`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher).

www.ircpk.com

Amongtheissuesrelatedtomenisthatamanisallowedtocombinebetweenfourwomeninmarriageatthesametimewhereasa
womanisnotallowedtobemarriedtomorethanonemanatthesametime.Therearemanifestandconsummatewisdomsbehind
thislegislation.

Forexample,(a)amanmayhavestrongsexualdesirewhereonewomanmaynotsatisfyhispassion(b)a
manmaywanttohavemoresonsanddaughters(c)hemayalsohavenumerousanddifferentaffairsthat
makehimneedmorethanonewomaninordertohelphimfulfillhisaffairsand(d)awomanmaybein
needofamanincaseofthelackofguardiansormenasaresultofwarsandtroubles.Inconsequence,
Allahdeemsitallowableformantobemarriedtofourwomenorlessandforbidsawomantobemarriedto
morethanoneman,becausethisresultsinmixedlineagesandcorruption.

Also,amongtheissueswhere

(PartNo:5,PageNo:218)

amandiffersfromawomaninthereligiousrulingistheassignedshareofinheritancewithregardtothe
shareofhusbandandwife,sonsanddaughters,brothersandsisters,etc.Theshareofawifeishalfofthe
husband'sandthatofthesonisdoubletheshareofthedaughter.Similarlyabrothertakesdoubletheshare
ofasister.Ponderingontheconditionsofmenandwomen,itiscleartofindthewisdomofAllah's
prescriptionsofinheritanceshares.

TherearemanyAyahs(Qur'anicVerses)whichdealwiththisissue.

Also,amongtheissueswhicharerestrictedtowomenisthattheyhavetoleaveSawm(fasting)andSalah
(prayer)duringmensesandpostpartumperiod.Intheseperiods,offeringSalahisnotobligatoryforwoman
norissherequiredtomakeupforthemissedSalahs.

AsforSawm,shehastoabandonitduringtheperiodofmenstruationandpostpartumbutsheisrequiredto
makeupforthemisseddays.Infact,AllahwilledsobecauseSalahisofferedfivetimesaday.He,theAll
Merciful,exemptedwomenfrommakingupfortheSalahstheymissedduringtheseperiodsbecausethis
requiresmuchhardship.Forexample,iftheperiodofmensesissevendays,thenawomanwillhavetooffer
thirtyfiveSalahsandifitiseightdaysshehastoofferfortySalahsandsoon.ItisamercyfromAllahto
relievewomenfrommakingupforthemissedSalahs.Similarly,incaseofpostpartumperiod,itmaylastfor
fortydaysduringwhichawomanisnottoofferSalah.IfthewomanistomakeupforthemissedSalahin
thisperiod,shewillhavetooffertwohundredSalahs.Allah,theMostMerciful,exemptedwomenfrom
makingupforthemissedSalahinthislongperiodbutHedecreedthatwomenhavetomakeupforthe
misseddayswhentheyabandonSawm(Fast)inthemonthofRamadanduetomenses.

Amongtheissuesrelatedtowomenisthatawoman'stestimonyisequaltohalfofaman's.Thisisbecause
meningeneralarebetterintermsofmemorizationandaccuracyandmoreawareofwhatisgoingon.
Undoubtedly,therearewomenwhoarebetterinmemorizationthansomemen,butwearetodealwiththe
wholesexingeneral.Therefore,Allahdeemsthattestimonyoftwowomenequalstothetestimonyofone
man.He(GlorybetoHim)says,

(PartNo:5,PageNo:219)

Andgettwowitnessesoutofyourownmen.Andiftherearenottwomen(available),thenamanandtwowomen,suchasyou
agreeforwitnesses,sothatifoneofthem(twowomen)errs,theothercanremindher. SurahAlBaqarah

Thetwofemalewitnessescooperateandhelponeanotherinrememberingthetestimonyandifoneofthem
forgetsorfailstoremember,theotherwomanhelpshertorememberandgivetestimony.

AlsoamongthemattersofdifferenceamongmenandwomenisthattheDiyah(bloodmoney)ofawoman
ishalfofaman'sandsoistheindemnityofawoman'swoundsiftheindemnityreachesonethirdofher
bloodmoney,i.e.theyareequalinwhatislowerthanonethirdofherbloodmoney.However,thisrulingis
restrictedtoDiyah,asamanshouldbekilledinretaliationforkillingawoman.Itisauthenticallyreported
thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)killedamaninretaliationforkillingawoman.Thisinvolvesagreat
benefitsecuringpeople'slivesandprotectingsocietyagainstaggression.Anotherissueofdifferenceis
`Aqiqah(sacrificeforanewborn),whichistwosheepforamalenewbornandonesheepforafemale
newbornasindicatedbytheauthenticHadithsofAllah'sMessenger(peacebeuponhim)inthisregard.
Verily,therearegreatandconsummatewisdomsunderlyingthedifferentiationbetweenmalesandfemales
intheissuesmentionedandothersimilarmatters.

Originally,therulingsofShari`ahareappliedtomenandwomenonequalbasis.Therefore,allobligations
incumbentonmenarealsoincumbentonwomen,andviseversa,unlessitisprovenotherwisebylegal
evidence.

IrecommendbothmenandwomentofearAllahandlearnthereligioninschoolsandotherplacesof
knowledge.Theyshouldaskthescholarsaboutdoubtfulmatters.Allah(mayHebeExaltedandGlorified)
says, SoaskthepeopleoftheReminder,ifyoudonotknow. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, IfAllahwantstodo www.ircpk.com
AmongthemostpremierthingsarelearningtheGlorious
goodtoaperson,Allahmakeshimcomprehendthereligion.
Qur'anandponderingoveritsmeaning,learningtheSunnahoftheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)
andunderstandingit,andreadingthebooksofAhlAlSunnah(thoseadheringtotheSunnah),thebooksof
Tafsir(exegesisofthemeaningsoftheQur'an)

(PartNo:5,PageNo:220)

andthecompilationsontheexplanationsofthePropheticHadithsbyscholars,whoareknownfortheir
knowledge,religiosity,andsoundcreed.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Thebestamongstyou(Muslims)
arethosewholearntheQuranandteachit. (RelatedbyImamAlBukhariinhisSahih)He(peacebeuponhim)
said, Whosoevertreadsapathtoseekknowledgetherein,AllahwillmakeiteasyforhimapathtoParadise.Andnopeoplegather
inoneofthehousesofAllahrecitingtheBookofAllahandstudyingitamongthemselves,exceptthattranquilitydescendsuponthem,
mercyenvelopsthem,theangelssurroundthem,andAllahmakesmentionofthemamongstthosewhoarewithHim.Whosoeveris
sloweddownbyhisactionswillnotbehastenedforwardbyhislineage. (RelatedbyImamMusliminhisSahih)

ItiswellknownthatacquiringthereligiouslearningthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)legislatedformenand
womenisamongthemostimportantobligations.Today,meansoflearningaresoaccessible,suchasthe
HolyQur'anRadioStation,RadioIslam,andprogramslikeNur`alaAlDarb(LightontheRoad),aswellas
thelecturesheldinMasjids(mosques),educationalinstitutions,andmediathatprovideusefulinformation.

IwanttowarnmyMuslimbrothersandsistersagainstlisteningtothingsthatareharmfultotheheartsand
manners,suchasdissolutesongsandvideos,andmusicalinstruments.Indeed,thesethingsspoilheartsand
manners.Therefore,aMuslimshouldavoidthemandrecommendoneanothertoabandonthemin
accordancewithAllah'ssaying, ByAl Asr(thetime). Verily,manisinloss, Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmic
Monotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommendoneanothertothetruth[i.e.orderoneanothertoperformallkindsof
gooddeeds(AlM a ruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeeds(AlMunkarwhichAllhhas
forbidden],andrecommendoneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,andinjurieswhichonemayencounterinAllhsCause
duringpreachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd). Also,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, "Religionis
basedongivingadvice."Itwassaid,"Forwhom,OAllah'sMessenger?"Hesaid,"ForAllah,HisBook,HisMessenger,andforthe
leadersandthelaypeopleamongMuslims." (RelatedbyImamMusliminhisSahih)

MuslimsshouldbeconcernedwithDa`wah(calltoAllah),enjoininggood,andforbiddingevilforthese
principlesofIslamareamongthemostimportantmeansofreformingheartsandcommunities,thespread
ofvirtues

(PartNo:5,PageNo:221)

andthedisappearanceofvices.Therearemanyproofsonthis,suchasSurahAl`AsrandtheHadithof
"Religionisbasedongivingadvice." mentionedabove.Allahalsosays, HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,
righteousnessandpiety)butdonothelponeanotherinsinandtransgression. Allahalsosays, Thebelievers,menandwomen,
areAuliy (helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheism
andallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslm
hasforbidden)theyperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),andgivetheZakt,andobeyAllhandHisMessenger.AllhwillhaveHis
Mercyonthem.SurelyAllhisAllMighty,AllWise. Also,itisreportedthatAllah'sMessengersaid, Ifapersonguides
TheProphet(peace
(anotherone)toamatterofgood,hereceivesarewardsimilartothatofthedoerofthismatterofgood.
beuponhim)said, Whoever,amongyou,seessomethingabominableshouldrectifyitwithhishandandifhehasnotstrength
enoughtodoit,thenheshoulddoitwithhistongueandifhehasnotstrengthenoughtodoit,(even)thenheshould(abhorit)from
hisheart,andthatistheleastofFaith." (RelatedbyImamMusliminhisSahih)TherearemanyAyahsandHadiths
thataffirmthismeaning.

However,teachers,malesandfemales,aremorerequiredthanotherstotakecareofmaleandfemale
studentsanddirectthemtothenoblemannersandgoodqualities.Theyshouldaskthemtoapplywhatthey
learnofknowledge.Femaleteachers,inparticular,shouldfearAllahandtakecareofgirlsandteachthem
thenoblereligiousmannersandsoundcreedintheirlessons,soastocreatearighteousgenerationof
studentsandteachersforthefuture.

Thedutyimposedonteachersandschoolsaregreat.Ontheotherhand,Da`wahtoAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)
arealsoagreatduty.Inlightofthis,everyonewhohasknowledgeshouldteachothers,includinghis
offspring,family,andotherpeopleaccordingtohiscapacity.Similarly,everywomanwhohasknowledgeis
recommendedtoteachheroffspring,sisters,andfriendstoseizetheopportunityduringmeetingsof
weddingceremoniesorbanquetstocallotherwomentoAllah,enjoingood,and

(PartNo:5,PageNo:222)

forbidevil.Infact,suchmeetingsareagoodchancethatshouldbemadeuseofforwomenwhohave
knowledgetoprovidereligiousinformationanddirections.Also,theyshouldadvisethewomendressed
immodestlyandwarnthemagainstthisevil.AMuslimwomanshouldwarnherMuslimsister,daughter,
neighborandotherwomenagainstabandoningSalahandurgethemtodogoodandforbidthemagainst
evil,forthisisageneraldutyuponallMuslims,menorwomen.Allah(mayHebeExaltedandGlorified)
says, Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanother TheAyahstates
thatthosepeopleloveoneanotherforAllah'sSakeandeveryoneofthemisasupporterofhis/herMuslim
brother/sister.Allofthemrecommendeachothertodogoodandwarnagainstevilandadviseeachother
forthesakeofAllah.Ahusbandshouldurgehiswifetodogoodactsandavoidbaddeeds.Similarly,the
wifeshouldaskherhusbandtodogooddeedsandavoidbaddeeds.Ifshefindsthatherhusbandneglects
offeringSalah,drinkswine,orsmokes,sheshouldadvisehimandaskhimtofearAllahforthatis www.ircpk.com
forbidden,usinggoodwordsandgentleways.Sheshoulddosowithherfather,mother,brother,son,
neighbor,andfriend.Sheshouldnotfeelashamedofdoingso.ThisisrequiredfromallMuslimsregardless
oftheirqualificationsorworks.EveryMuslimisresponsibleforitinaccordancewithhisknowledgeand
capacity.

IaskAllahwithHisMostBeautifulNamesandSublimeAttributestoguideusandallMuslimstowhat
pleasesHimandshowsusHisStraightPath.MayAllahgrantusallcomprehensionofHisReligionandhelp
ussticktoitandofferwhatisobligatoryonus,includingtheobedienceofAllahandHisMessengerand
givingadvicetoHisslavesforHisSake.IrecommendallMuslimstosupplicatetoAllahforrulersintheir
absence,inSalah,andattheendofthenighttograntthemsuccess,guidance,righteousness,andreform.
Indeed,theyareinurgentneedtosupplication,sothatAllahmaysetthemright,setpeoplerightbythem,
guidethemandguidepeoplethroughthem.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:223)

YoushouldpraytoAllahfortherulersofthiscountryandotherMuslimrulers.YoushouldalsopraytoAllah
toblessyouroffspringandspouse,andgrantthemsuccess,guidance,righteousness,andsincerepenitence.
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Say(OMuhammad):"Thisismyway Allah(Glorybeto
Him)commandsHisProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)andthosewhofollowhimtocalltoAllah
withsureknowledge.Asamatteroffact,thefollowersoftheProphetMuhammad,menandwomen,are
commandedtocalltoAllahwithsureknowledge,warnpeopleagainstcommittingsins,andguidethemto
goodness.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says, Invite(mankind,OMuhammad)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.
Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewiththeminawaythatisbetter.
Thisorderisnotconfinedtomenonlyortowomenonlybutisageneralobligationonall,eachaccording
tohisorherknowledgeandcapacity.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, SokeepyourdutytoAllhandfearHimasmuchas
youcan

Scholars,teachers,rulers,andeminentfiguresarechargedwithgreaterdutiesthanothersinaccordance
withtheirknowledgeandcapacity.Moreover,everyMuslimshouldbeawareofwhatisobligatoryandfear
Allahineverything.Today,wesufferfromalienationofIslamandweareattheendoftime.Therefore,we
shouldsupportandcooperatewithoneanothertodogoodactsandbesincereindoingthis.

MayAllahgrantusandallMuslimssuccess,guidance,adherencetoIslam,andablessedend.Weinvoke
Himtoguideustowhatpleaseshimandshowsusthestraightpath.AllahisAllHearer,EverNear.May
peaceandblessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,uponhisHousehold,Companions,andthosewho
followedthemrightfullyuntiltheDayofJudgment.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:224)

ThelegalityofHijab

AllperfectpraisebetoAllah,theLordofallworlds.MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeupon
thenoblestProphetandMessengerMuhammad,hisfamily,andCompanions.Ihavereadan
articlewrittenbytheperson,calledAhmadBaha'AlDininsomenewspapers.Heallegedthe
lawfulnessofsomethingsthatAllahprohibits.Inhiscolumn"Yawmiyyat",(AlAhram
Newspaper,issuesnos.36992,36993,36994,36996),thewriterlaunchedasevereattackon
Hijab(veil)andNiqab(faceveil).HecalledtounveilingthefaceandconsideredHijaba
Bid`ah(innovationinreligion).Heclaimeditisjustamatterofdressthatispartofpersonal
freedom.HeevenallegedthatwomenusedtowearNiqabasatraditionandIslamdidnot
ordainorcomewithit.HefalselyclaimedthatwomenusedtositwiththeProphet(peacebe
uponhim)unveiledandusedtogofortrade,pasturingandwarwiththeirfacesuncoveredand
theyremainedinsuchastateduringtheeraoftheRightlyGuidedCaliphs,theUmayyad,and
AbbasidCaliphates.Hesaidthatwhen theTurksembracedIslam,theyspreadtheirnonIslamic
traditionsoftheirtribes,suchastheoneeyedveil,yashmak,andimposedthemonMuslim
andArabwomen.Thewriterexpressedhisviewsonthepermissibilityofunveilingtheface,
deniedHijab,insertedfalseclaimsandlies,andtwistedtheproofstogivedifferent
implications.

Itisknownthaturgingwomentounveiltheirfacesisanevilcall,rejectedbyIslamandthe
soundintellectitisanantiIslamicidea,indeed.

AMuslimisencouragedtodowhatevermayincreasehisorherrecordofgooddeedsand
decreasehisorherbadones,overtlyandcovertly,inwordsandactions,andshouldstayaway
fromtemptationsandtheirmeans

(PartNo:5,PageNo:225)

andtheirevilends.

Similarly,scholarsarecommandedtopromulgategoodandteachitinallforms,suchasacts
ofworship,transactions,andIslamicetiquettesamongindividualsandinthewholesociety.
Thosewhocalltounveilingwomen'sfacesadvocatethatoutofunawarenessandignoranceof
theevilconsequencesofthiscalloroutofillintentionandpurpose,payingnoattentionto
virtuousmorals.Theymaycalltotheunveilingofwomen'sfacesoutofhostilityandhatred,as
thewayofthetraitorsandenemiesofIslamwhoareplottingforthisgreatcorruptionand
dangerousplaguenightandday,secretlyandopenly,individuallyandcollectively.Suchpeople
calltoliberatewomenfromvirtue,honor,bashfulness,andchastitytostoopdowninto
meanness,vice,andimmodesty.

AMuslimmustavoidthesourcesofevilandtrapsofSataninwordsandactions.

AMuslimassumingtheprocessofinstructingpeopleshouldcallthemtothewayofguidance
andtruth,bringthemclosertothemeansofinfallibilityanddistancethemfromtheplacesof
temptationandsuspicioninordertobecomeagodlyscholar.Itisnarratedthat`AlyibnAbuTalib
(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)saidtoKumaylibnZiyadinhiswill:"OKumayl,Thepeoplearethree:
agodlyscholaraseekerofknowledgewhoisonthepathofsalvationandworthless
confusedriffraffwhorespondtoeverycry,bendalongwitheverywind,takenobenefitfrom
thelightofknowledgeandresorttonofirmstand."

CallingtounveilingthefaceandrejectingHijabbringsaboutnogoodtoMuslims,maleor
female,bothintheworldlylifeorintheHereafter.Itonlyresultsinevil,profligacy,and
wickedthingsdetestedmostbyAllah.WisdomandwellbeingofMuslimslieintheactof
adheringtoHijab,notunveilingthefaceinanycase.Inprinciple,Hijabisanactofworshipas
IslamordersitandforbidsdiscardingitintheQur'anandSunnahoftheProphet(peacebe
uponhim),aswillbediscussedlater.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:226)

WearingHijabprotectswomen,sinceithelpsmanlowerhisgazefromwhatAllah(mayHebe
Praised)orderedMuslimsnottolookat,endsdesireofthewickedpeoplewhomthereis
diseaseintheirheartsandkeepswomenawayfromintermixingwithmen.Hijabalsocovers
thewoman's`Awrah(privatepartsofthebodythatmustbecoveredinpublic)thatstimulates
men'ssexualdesires.

Tabarruj(womendressedimmodestlyinviolationoftheIslamicdresscode)doesnotonly
meanthatawomanhasdiscardedherHijabbutrathershenolongerabidesbytheShari`ah
ofAllah,infringingHisordersandcallingtoimmorality.Eliminatingtemptationconstitutesthe www.ircpk.com
veryrationalebehindorderingwomentowearHijab,sinceindulginginwaysandcausesof
temptationisprohibitedinIslam.ItisclearthatitisobligatoryupontheMuslimwomanto
coverherfaceandattractiveparts(ofthebody)asstatedbytheQur'an,Sunnah,andIjma`
(consensusofscholars)oftheSalaf(righteouspredecessors).

Forinstance,proofsofwearingHijabandprohibitionofunveilingthefaceintheQur'an
includewhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Andtellthebelievingwomentolowertheirgaze(fromlookingatforbidden
things),andprotecttheirprivateparts(fromillegalsexualacts)andnottoshowofftheiradornmentexceptonlythatwhichis
apparent(likebotheyesfornecessitytoseetheway,orouterpalmsofhandsoroneeyeordresslikeveil,gloves,headcover,apron,
etc.),andtodrawtheirveilsalloverJuybihinna(i.e.theirbodies,faces,necksandbosoms)andnottorevealtheiradornmentexcept
totheirhusbands,ortheirfathers,ortheirhusbandsfathers,ortheirsons,ortheirhusbandssons,ortheirbrothersortheirbrothers
sons,ortheirsisterssons,ortheir(Muslim)women(i.e.theirsistersinIslm),orthe(female)slaveswhomtheirrighthands
possess,oroldmaleservantswholackvigour,orsmallchildrenwhohavenosenseoffemininesex.Andletthemnotstamptheirfeet
soastorevealwhattheyhideoftheiradornment.AndallofyoubegAllhtoforgiveyouall,Obelievers,thatyoumaybesuccessful.

InthisnobleAyah(Qur'anicverse),theobligationofwearingHijabandprohibitionof
unveilingthefacearestressedintwoplaces:(i)Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: andnottoshowofftheir
adornmentexceptonlythatwhichisapparent(likebotheyesfornecessitytoseetheway,orouterpalmsofhandsoroneeyeor
dresslikeveil,gloves,headcover,apron,etc.) Itprohibitsawomantodiscloseanythingofheradornments
exceptwhatAllahexcludes,i.e.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:227)

heroutergarmentsandanypartwhichisunintentionallyexposed.Thisisconfirmedwhen
Allah(mayHebePraised)repeatedtheprohibitionofexposingwomen'sadornmentsinthe
sameAyah.

(ii)Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: andtodrawtheirveilsalloverJuybihinna(i.e.theirbodies,faces,necksandbosoms)
ItexplicitlyorderstheMuslimwomantodrawherveilfromtheheadtothebosom,because
thefaceispartoftheheadthatmustbecoveredbasedonreason,Shari`ahandpeople's
customs.Nobodycansaythatthefacedoesnotbelongtothehead,andthereisnotextinthe
Qur'anorSunnahexcludingitfromthehead.Somescholarssaythatthefaceisnotincludedin
thegeneralobligationofcovering,butthisislinguisticallyunacceptedaswellastheShari`ah
andopinionsoftheearlyandlatescholarsopposeit.ScholarsofUsululFiqh(principlesof
Islamicjurisprudence)andHadithsciencesmentionedtworulesthatrefutethisclaim.First,
affirmativeevidenceisgivenprecedenceovernegativeevidence.Second,whenpermitting
evidenceconflictswiththebanningevidence,preferenceisgiventothelatter,i.e.theone
thatbans.

Allah(mayHebePraised)knowsthemeansoftemptationthatwomenhave,soHeordered
themtocovertheminordernottocausetemptationlestthepersoninwhoseheartisa
diseaseshouldbemovedwithdesire.

Adornmentthatawomanisprohibitedtoshowreferstoeverythingthatamanlovestoseeof
women,includingthenaturalandartificialadornmentthatawomanmaymaketobeautify
andadornherbody.

Thenaturaladornmentincludesherface,hair,hands,legs,bosom,andthelike.Itis
admittedlytruethatthefaceistheplaceofbeautyandcertainlythemainsourceof
temptationthatprovokesmen'ssexualdesires.Therefore,itiswithgreaterreasonprohibited
morethananyotheradornmentawomanmayapplytoherbody.InhisTafsir,AlQurtubysaid,
"Adornmentsareeitherinnateorartificial.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:228)

Theinnateoneincludestheface,whichisthesourceofadornmentandsymbolofbeautythat
carriesthesenseoflife.Thatisbecauseitcontainsthemeansofacquiringknowledge.

Asfortheartificialadornment,itreferstothingsthatawomanaddstobeautifyher
disposition,suchasclothes,jewelry,kohl,anddye."

Moreover,AlBaydawysaidinhisTafsir: andnottorevealtheiradornment referstojewels,clothes,dyes,


andtheplacestowhichtheyareapplied,thusareallforbiddentobeseenbyforeignmen.

Knowingthatthefaceisunquestionablythesourceofbeauty,Allah(ExaltedandGlorifiedbe
He)prohibitedwomentodiscloseanythingofheradornment.Thisisageneralruleforwhich
therearenoexceptionsintheQur'anorSunnah,norisitpermissibletobespecifiedbyan
opinionofanyone.Specificationintroducedbyanyoneinthisregardisnotacceptable,because
thegeneraltextsoftheQur'anandSunnahcannotbespecifiedbyhumans,conjectures,or
individualreasoning.ThegeneraltextsoftheQur'ancanbespecifiedonlybytheQur'an,
authenticSunnah,or'Ijma`oftheSalaf.Itisnotpossiblethattheartificialadornment
becomesprohibitedtounveil,sohowcantheinnateadornment,i.e.theface,bepermittedto
appear?

ThesayingofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe): exceptonlythatwhichisapparent(likebotheyesfor
www.ircpk.com
necessitytoseetheway,orouterpalmsofhandsoroneeyeordresslikeveil,gloves,headcover,apron,etc.) accordingtoIbn
Mas`ud(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)andagroupofearlyscholarsofTafsir,meanswhatthe
womancannothide,suchashercloakorclothesorwhattheArabwomenusedtospreadover
allherclothesorthebottompartsoftheirclothesorwhatmayunintentionallyappear.Thus,
aMuslimwomanisprohibitedtoexposeanythingofheradornmentandiscommandedtotry
herbesttocovereverythingrelatedtoheradornment.

WhenAllah(mayHebePraised)forbidsawomantodiscloseanythingofherbeautyexcept
thatwhichisapparent,

(PartNo:5,PageNo:229)

Heinstructsheronhowshecouldsurroundtheplacesofadornmentbywrappingtheveilthat
shewearsonthehead,saying: andtodrawtheirveils i.e.fromtheheadandforehead andtodrawtheir
veilsalloverJuybihinna(i.e.theirbodies,faces,necksandbosoms) i.e.downtoherbosom.Indoingso,she
wouldpreservetheheadanditsorgans,thechestfrombelow,theneckandthesurrounding
areastomakesurethatshecoveredboththeinnateandtheartificialadornment.

AttheendoftheAyah,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Andletthemnotstamptheirfeetsoastorevealwhatthey
hideoftheiradornment. Heprohibitsthewomantoavoidthecausesoftemptationevenby
movementorvoice.ThisistheutmostpointofencouragingandguidingtheMuslimwomanto
preserveherhonorandremoveharmfromher.

Prohibitionofunveilingboththeinnateandartificialadornmentofwomenissupportedbythe
actionoftheProphetAllah(peacebeuponhim)withhiswifeSafiyyahandthereactionofthe
MothersoftheBelieversandthebelievingwomenatthetimeoftheMessengerofAllah
(peacebeuponhim)whenthisAyahandanotherAyahinSurahAl'Ahzabwererevealed.
BothAyahsenjoinedfullcoveringofwomenwithveilsandcloaks,particularlythatwomenat
thattimeusedtounveiltheirfacesandhandsuntiltheAyahofHijabwasrevealed.Therefore,
unveilingthefaceofsomewomenasmentionedinsomeHadithstookplacebeforethe
revelationoftheAyahsofHijab,soitisnotpermissibletousethemasevidenceonmaking
lawfulwhatAllahprohibited,becausetheabrogatingevidenceprevailsovertheabrogated,as
statedbythescholars.

AyahsofenjoiningHijabincludetheAyahstatedabovefromSurahAlNurandthefollowing
AyahinwhichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)saysinSurahAlAhzab: OProphet!Tellyourwivesandyourdaughters
andthewomenofthebelieverstodrawtheircloaks(veils)allovertheirbodies(i.e.screenthemselvescompletelyexcepttheeyesor
oneeyetoseetheway).Thatwillbebetter,thattheyshouldbeknown(asfreerespectablewomen)soasnottobeannoyed.And
AllhisEverOftForgiving,MostMerciful. Scholarssaidthattheword"cloak"includeseverypieceof
clothesthatawomanwearsover

(PartNo:5,PageNo:230)

herhandandveiltocovertheplacesofbothinnateandartificialadornment.Allah(Exalted
beHe)says: Thatwillbebetter,thattheyshouldbeknown(asfreerespectablewomen) andthisindicatesthatthe
faceismeantherebecausethefaceisthemainplaceofrecognition.Thus,theAyahclearly
statestheobligationofcoveringtheface.Allah'ssaying: soasnottobeannoyed. assuresthat
recognizingthebeautifulpartsofawomanhasharmfuleffects,temptation,andevilforher
andothers.Forthatreason,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)prohibitedaMuslimwomantodisclose
anythingthatmakesothersrealizeherbeauty.ThisAyahisclearenoughtoworkasShar`y
evidenceontheprohibitionofunveilingthefaceandobligationofHijabandcoveringwomen's
sourcesofbeauty,whichbasicallyincludethefacethroughwhichsheisrecognizedandthat
causestemptation.

UmmSalamahsaid,"WhenthisAyah: drawtheircloaks(veils)allovertheirbodies(i.e.screenthemselvescompletely
excepttheeyesoroneeyetoseetheway). wasrevealed,womenofAnsar(Helpers,inhabitantsofMadinahwho
supportedtheProphet)wentoutoftheirhomesasiftheyhadcrowsontheirheadsoutofcalmness
andtheywerecoveredwithblackclothes."Ibn`Abbassaid:"Allahorderedwomenofthe
believerstocovertheirfacesbydrawingthecloakovertheirheadsandexposeonlyoneeye
whentheygoout."MuhammadIbnSirinsaid:"Iasked`UbaidahAlSalmanyaboutthemeaningofAllah's
saying, drawtheircloaks(veils)allovertheirbodies(i.e.screenthemselvescompletelyexcepttheeyesoroneeyetoseethe
way). ,hecoveredhisfaceandhead,andexposedhislefteye."ScholarsofTafsir(exegesisof
theQur'an)havemanysayingsinthistopic,butitisnotenoughtolistthemallhere.

AmongtheAyahsthatenjoinHijabiswhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Andwhenyouask(hiswives)
foranythingyouwant,askthemfrombehindascreen:thatispurerforyourheartsandfortheirhearts. affirmsthe
obligationonwomentowearHijabandcoverthemselvesinfrontofmen.InthisnobleAyah,
Allah(mayHebePraised)explainedthewisdombehindthisobligationthatis,wearingthe
Hijabpurifiestheheartsofbothmenandwomenandkeepsthemawayfromindecencyandits
means.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:231)

ThisAyahgenerallyaddressesbothwivesoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andallMuslim www.ircpk.com
women. A lQurtuby(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)statesthatthemeaningoftheAyah
encompassesallwomenduetothefactthatawomanisentirely`Awrah(privatepartsofthe
bodythatmustbecoveredinpublic)includingherbodyandvoice,sosheisnotpermittedto
disclosethemexceptwhennecessary,asincasesofcarryinglegaltestimonyorformedical
treatment.TherearemanyAyahsthatlendsupporttotheobligationofwearingHijab.Al
Qurtuby'semphasisthatawoman'svoiceis`Awrahmeansthatitis`Awrahwhenaccompanied
bysoftness.However,hernaturalvoiceisnot`Awrah,becauseAllah(mayHebePraised)
says: OwivesoftheProphet!Youarenotlikeanyotherwomen.Ifyoukeepyourduty(toAllh),thenbenotsoftinspeech,lesthe
inwhoseheartisadisease(ofhypocrisy,orevildesireforadultery)shouldbemovedwithdesire,butspeakinanhonourable
manner. Allah(mayHebePraised)forbadethemtospeaksoftlylesttheoneinwhoseheartisa
diseaseshouldbemovedwithsexualdesireandallowedthemtospeakinanhonorable
manner.WomenintheeraoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)usedtotalktoandaskhim
withoutcondemningthem,andsodidwomenintheeraoftheCompanionsoftheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)andtheCompanionsdidnotcondemnthemeither.Thiscertainlytook
placebeyondanyshadowofdoubt.

AsforthelegalfoundationsforthisrulingfromtheSunnah:

ItisauthenticallyreportedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariand
Muslim)that: WhentheProphet(peacebeuponhim)orderedthatwomenshouldgoouttotheplaceofperforming`Eid
Prayer,oneofthemsaid:"Whataboutawomanthathasnoveil?"He(peacebeuponhim)said:"Lethersharetheveilofhersister
companion." (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim)ThisHadithindicatesthatthewivesofthe
Sahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet)usedtonotgooutwithoutaJilbab(looseouter
garmentwithnofrontopening).ThisordertowearJilbabsignifiesthatawomanmustcover
herselfandwearHijab.Also,itisauthenticallyreportedintheTwoSahihBooksofHadiththat
`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)said: SomebelievingwomenusedtoattendtheFajrPrayerwithAllahs
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)whilecoveredwiththeirMuruts(woolclothes).Afterfinishingtheprayer,theywouldreturntotheir
homeswithoutbeingrecognizedbyanyonebecauseofthedarkness.

ScholarsfromamongtherighteouspredecessorsunanimouslyagreedthataMuslimwoman
mustcoverherfaceandthat

(PartNo:5,PageNo:232)

herfaceis`AwrahthatshemustcoverinfrontofmenexceptaMahram(spouseor
unmarriageablerelative).IbnQudamahstatedinAlMughny:"Ihram(ritualstateforHajjand
`Umrah)ofthewomanisinherface,butsheispermittedtocoverherfacewhenneeded.In
fact,itisprohibitedforaMuslimwomantocoverherfaceinthestateofIhramasamanis
prohibitedtocoverhishead.ThereisanexceptionalcasereportedfromAsma'whousedto
coverherfaceinthestateofIhram.AlBukhariandothersnarratedthattheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)said: Awoman(inthestateofIhram)shouldnotwearNiqab(faceveil)orgloves. However,ifsheneeds
tocoverherfacewhenpassingbymen,sheispermittedtodrawherveilalloverherface.Itis
narratedthat`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)said: Riderswouldpassbyuswhenweaccompanied
theMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)whilewewereinthestateofIhram.Whentheycamebyus,oneofuswouldletdown
heroutergarmentfromherheadoverherface,andwhentheyhadpassedon,wewoulduncoverourfaces.

AwomaninthestateofIhramisforbiddentowearNiqab,Burqu`(afaceveil)oranypieceof
clothmadespecificallyforcoveringthefaceyet,sheisnotprohibitedtowearHijabentirely.
Ahmadsaid:"Awomanispermittedtodrawtheveiloverherface,butsheisnotallowedtoroll
upherclothes."

IbnRushdsaidinAlBidayah[i.e.BidayatAlMujtahidwaNihayatAlMuqtasid,afiqhbook]:
"Scholarsunanimouslyagreedthatawoman'sIhramistounveilherfaceandthatsheis
permittedtocoverherheadandscreenherhair.Sheisallowedtodrawherclothesallover
herfacelightlytoscreenherselffrommen'ssight."

ThesequotationsaffirmthatMuslimscholarsunanimouslyagreethatawomanshoulduncover
herfaceinthestateofIhramandthatshemustcoveritinthepresenceofnonMahrammen.
UncoveringthefaceisobligatoryonwomeninthestateofIhramthus,itiswithgreater
reasonobligatorytocoveritelsewhere.

Actually, A s m a ' (mayAllahbepleasedwithher)usedtocoverherfaceallthetime,wearing


NiqabwhileawomaninthestateofIhramisnotpermissibleastheProphet(peacebeupon
him)forbadeitintheHadithmentionedabove,whichisconsideredoneofthegreatestproofs
thatwomenusedtocovertheirfacesinthenormalconditions.Asforthemeaningofhis
saying, Awoman(inthestateofIhram)shouldnotwearNiqab

(PartNo:5,PageNo:233)

orgloves ,itmeansthatsheshouldnotwearwhateveristailoredormadespecificallyforthepurposeofcoveringthefacelikeNiqab
orthehandslikegloves.Itdoesnotmeanthatsheshouldnotcoverherfaceorpalmsatall,assomepeoplefalselyunderstood.The
faceandthepalmsmustbecovered,butwithsomethingotherthanNiqabandgloves.Thisishowthejuristsandscholarsexplained
theHadith,suchastheprominentscholarAlSan`any(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim).Thus,itisclearthatawomanmustwear
Hijabandcoverherface,andthatsheisforbiddentodiscloseanypartofherbodyoradornmentexceptwhatunintentionallyappears.
Thisbanblocksthemeansoftemptation.Thus,anypersonwhocallsforanythingelsecommitsamistakeandcontradictstheShar`y
(Islamicallylawful)proofs.NobodyispermittedtofollowwhimsandtraditionsthatopposetheShari`ahofAllah(mayHebePraised),
www.ircpk.com
becauseIslamisthereligionoftruth,guidance,andfairnessineverymatter.Islamcallstothenoblemoralsandgooddeedsand
forbidsthebadmoralsandevildeeds.AllahistheOneWhomweinvoketoguideusandallMuslimstodowhatpleasesHim,andthe
OneWhomweasktoprotectusfromtheevilofourselvesandmisdeedsHeistheMostGenerous.MayAllah'speaceandblessings
beuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,andCompanions!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:234)

Coeducation

PraisebetoAllahandpeaceandblessingsbeupontheMessengerofAllah.

IhavereadwhatsomewriterswroteinAlJazirahnewspaper,issueno.3754,dated15/4/1403A.H.proposing
c oeducationintheprimarystage.Iwouldliketocallattentiontothisissueduetotheadverseresultsthat
mayarisefromit.

Itisafact,thatintermixingofmalesandfemalesisameanstowardgraveharmandimmeasurable
corruption,soitisimpermissible.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated, Commandyourchildrentoperform
Salah(Prayer)whentheyaresevenyearsold,andbeatthemfor(notoffering)itwhentheyaretenandarrangetheirbeds(tosleep)
separately. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)orderedthatgirlsandboysarenotbeallowedtosleep
together,fortheirclosenessinbedatthisagemayleadtoforbiddensexualactsresultingfrommixing
oppositesexesinthesameplace.Moreover,coeducationintheprimarystagepavesthewayforcontinuing
itintheupperlevels.

Anyway,tomixboysandgirlsintheprimarystageisanabominableactandaccordinglyitisimpermissible,
duetoitsresultingbadconsequences.TheperfectShari`ah(Islamiclaw)ofAllahstressesthenecessityof
Saddu lDhara'i`(blockingthemeansleadingtosins)leadingtoShirk(associatingotherswithAllah)and
evildeeds.ManyAyahsoftheQur'anandHadithoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)expressthistruth.For
thesakeofbrevity,Iwillnotmentionthem.However,thegreatscholar,IbnAlQayyim(mayAllahconfer
mercyuponhim)mentionedinhisbook'I`lamAlMuwaqqi`inninetynineproofsforthem.Irecommend
thewriterandothersnottoproposesuchplans,whichopenwaystoharmthatarealreadylocked.Wepray
Allahtograntsuccessandguidancetoall.

Awisepersonshouldlearnfromwhathashappenedinneighboringcountriesandothercountrieswhere
gravecorruptionhasresultedfromtheintermixingofmenandwomen.Asforasuitorwhowantstogetto
knowhisfiance,

(PartNo:5,PageNo:235)

theProphet(peacebeuponhim)clarifiedthiswellinhisstatement, Whenoneofyouproposesmarriagetoa
woman,ifheisabletolookatwhatwillinducehimtomarryher,heshoulddoso. So,itispermissibleforthesuitortolook
atthewomanhewishestomarrybeforeconcludingthemarriagecontractandwithoutbeingalonewithher
ifpossible,ifnot,heshouldsendatrustedwomantoseeandsitwithheronhisbehalfanddescribeher
appearanceandmanners.ThiswasthecustomofMuslimsinpastcenturiesinselectingawomanfor
marriage.Thiscustomwasverybeneficialwhereascasesotherthanthisdonotmakearule.IaskAllahto
guideallMuslimstowhatisgoodforthemandbringhappinesstotheminthislifeandintheHereafterand
topreservetheirfaith.IinvokeAllahtoblockthewaysofevilandprotectMuslimsfromtheconspiraciesof
theenemiesofIslam.Indeed,HeistheMostGenerous.MayAllah'speacebeuponourProphetMuhammad,
hisfamilyandCompanions!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:236)

Freeintermixingofmenandwomen

F r o m`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahIbnBaztowhoevermayreceiveit.MayAllahguideustodogoodandtoavoid
Bid`ah(innovationinreligion)andevil.Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah's
Peace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!).

ItismydutytoalertpeopleandwarnthemagainstthefreeintermixingofwomenandnonMahram(people
whoarenotaspouseoranunmarriageablerelative)insomeplacesandvillages.Someignorantpeoplesee
thatitisallright,beingthetraditionoftheirfathersandgrandfathersandthattheirintentionisgood.One
mayfindawomansittingwithherbrotherinlaw,cousins,andrelativeswithoutaveil.

ItiswellknownthataMuslimwomanshouldbeveiledinthepresenceofAjanib(menlawfulforthewoman
tomarry).ItisWajib(obligatory)uponhertocoverherfaceandbodyasindicatedbytheQur'an,the
Sunnah,andtheIjma`(consensusofscholars).Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Andtellthebelieving
womentolowertheirgaze(fromlookingatforbiddenthings),andprotecttheirprivateparts(fromillegalsexualacts)andnottoshow
offtheiradornmentexceptonlythatwhichisapparent(likebotheyesfornecessitytoseetheway,orouterpalmsofhandsoroneeye
ordresslikeveil,gloves,headcover,apron,etc.),andtodrawtheirveilsalloverJuybihinna(i.e.theirbodies,faces,necksand
bosoms) , Andwhenyouask(hiswives)foranythingyouwant,askthemfrombehindascreen:thatispurerforyourheartsandfor
theirhearts. and, OProphet!Tellyourwivesandyourdaughtersandthewomenofthebelieverstodrawtheircloaks(veils)all
overtheirbodies(i.e.screenthemselvescompletelyexcepttheeyesoroneeyetoseetheway).Thatwillbebetter,thattheyshould
beknown(asfreerespectablewomen)soasnottobeannoyed.AndAllhisEverOftForgiving,MostMerciful. Jilbab[translated
aboveas'cloak',anditmeans'alooseoutergarmentwithnofrontopening']isacloakwornover

(PartNo:5,PageNo:237)

theveil,likean`Aba'ah(alooseoutergarment).UmmSalamah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)said,"When
thisAyah(Qur'anicverse)wasrevealed,thewomenofAlAnsar(Helpers,inhabitantsofMadinahwhosupportedthe
Prophet)cameoutasiftheyhadcrowsontheirheadsoutofcalmnessandtheywerecoveredwithblack
clothes."

ThesenobleAyahsprovideclearevidencethatawomanshouldcoverherhead,hair,neckandbreasts
beforenonMahramrelatives.ItisHaram(prohibited)forhertouncoverbeforenonMahrams.Itis
reported thatwhentheProphet(peacebeuponhim)orderedwomentogoouttotheplaceofperformingSalatul`Eid(the
FestivalPrayer),oneofthemsaid,"OMessengerofAllah,whatifshedoesnothaveaJilbab?Hereplied,Then,lethersisterlend
heroneofherJilbabs. (RelatedbyAlBukhariandMuslim)ThisHadithshowsthatthewivesoftheSahabah
(CompanionsoftheProphet)onlywentoutwhilewearingaJilbab.TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeupon
him)didnotallowthemtogooutwithoutwearingaJilbab.

ItisauthenticallyreportedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)onthe
authorityof`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)thatshesaid, TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)used
tooffertheFajrPrayerandsomebelievingwomen,coveredwiththeircloaks,usedtoattendtheprayer.Then,theywouldreturnto
theirhomesunrecognizedbyanyonebecauseofthedarkness." Shealsosaid, HadtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)
seenwomen[howtheygoout]aswesee(now),hewouldhavepreventedthemfromgoingtotheMasjids(Mosques)astheChildren
ofIsraelpreventedtheirwomen. ThisHadithimpliesthatcoveringwasthepracticeofthefemaleSahabahwho
werethebestandmosthonoredgenerationintheSightofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)fortheirhigh
morals,goodmanners,perfectfaithanduprightdeeds.Theyareanidealexampleforothers.

Itisreportedontheauthorityof`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)thatshesaid, Caravanswouldpassbyus
whenweaccompaniedtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)whilewewereinthestateofIhram(ritualstateforHajjand
`Umrah).Whentheycamebyus,oneofuswouldletdownheroutergarmentfromherheadoverherface,andwhentheyhad
passedon,wewoulduncoverourfaces." (RelatedbyAhmad,AbuDawudandIbnMajah)Hersayinglendssupport
tothefactthatwomenhavetocovertheirfacesbecausewomenshoulduncovertheirfacesinthestateof
Ihramandiftherewasnotastrongreason,theyshouldhavekeptituncovered.

ThinkingaboutunveilingaswellaswomenshowingtheirfacestoAjanib,itisevidentthat

(PartNo:5,PageNo:238)

itinvolvesmanybadconsequences,suchasFitnah(temptation)whichoccursbecauseofdisplayingherface
anditisoneofthegreatestcausesofevilandcorruption,losingshynessandarousingmen'slust.Thus,itis
prohibitedforawomantouncoverherface,bosom,arms,legsoranypartofherbody,inthepresenceof
anAjnaby.Likewise,itisforbiddenforawomantobealonewithortointermixfreelywithnonMahrams.If
awomanthinksthatsheisequaltomeninuncoveringherfaceandgoingaroundunveiled,shewillnotbe
modestandwillnotfeeltooshytomixwithmen.ThisleadstoagreatdealofFitnahandwidespread
corruption.

Itisreportedthat WhentheProphet(peacebeuponhim)wascomingoutoftheMasjid,hesawmenintermixingfreelywith
womeninthestreet.He(peacebeuponhim)said(addressingwomen),"Drawback,foryoumustnotwalkinthemiddleoftheroad www.ircpk.com
keeptothesidesoftheroad." Womenwerekeepingsoclosetothewallsthattheirgarmentswererubbing
againstit.ThisHadithwasmentionedbyIbnKathirinhisTafsir(exegesis)ofAllah'ssaying, Andtellthebelieving
womentolowertheirgaze(fromlookingatforbiddenthings) ItisprohibitedforaMuslimwomantouncoverherface
beforeanonMahram.Sheshouldrathercoverit.Itisalsoprohibitedforhertobeinprivacy,intermix
freely,andshakehandswithnonMahrams.InthefollowingAyah,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
clarifiesthegroupofpeopleinfrontofwhomsheispermittedtorevealheradornment, andnottorevealtheir
adornmentexcepttotheirhusbands,ortheirfathers,ortheirhusbandsfathers,ortheirsons,ortheirhusbandssons,ortheir
brothersortheirbrotherssons,ortheirsisterssons,ortheir(Muslim)women(i.e.theirsistersinIslm),orthe(female)slaves
whomtheirrighthandspossess,oroldmaleservantswholackvigour,orsmallchildrenwhohavenosenseoffemininesex.Andlet
themnotstamptheirfeetsoastorevealwhattheyhideoftheiradornment.AndallofyoubegAllhtoforgiveyouall,Obelievers,
thatyoumaybesuccess

Brothersinlawandcousins

(PartNo:5,PageNo:239)

arenotMahrams.Theyshouldnotlookatthewoman'sfaceanditisnotpermissibleforhertouncoverher
faceintheirpresencetoavoidcausesoftemptation.Itisreportedontheauthorityof`Uqbahibn`Amir(may
Allahbepleasedwithhim)thathesaidthattheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said, "Bewareof
enteringuponwomen."Then,amanfromAnsarsaid,"OMessengerofAllah!WhataboutAlHamu(thewifesinlaw,i.e.thebrother
ofherhusbandorhisnephew,etc.)?"TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)replied,"AlHamuislikedeath." (AgreeduponbyAl
BukhariandMuslim)TheHadithrefersespeciallytothe[male]inlawsfortheycanenterthehousewithout
anysuspicion,becausetheyarethehusband'srelativeseventhoughtheyarenonMahrams.Therefore,itis
notpermissibleforawomantorevealheradornmentbeforethemeveniftheyareknownforrighteousness
andtrustworthiness.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)haslimitedpermissibilityofshowingadornmenttoagroupof
peoplementionedinthepreviousAyah.Thehusband'sbrother,uncle,cousinandthelikearenotmentioned
inthisgroup.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidinanagreeduponHadithreportedbyAlBukhariand
Muslim, NomanshouldbealonewithawomanexceptinthepresenceofherMahram. AMahramreferstoawoman's
husbandoramalerelativewhoispermanentlyunmarriageabletoher,suchasherfather,son,brother,
paternaluncle,maternaluncleandthelike.

TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)forbadethislestthatSatanshouldmakethemfallinto
temptationandcorruptionmakingthesinfairseemingtothem.ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said, Nomanshouldbeinprivacywithawoman,forthethirdofthemisthedevil. (RelatedbyImam
AhmadwithasoundSanad(chainofnarrators)ontheauthorityof`UmaribnAlKhattab(mayAllahbepleased
withhim))

Itisthedutyofallthosewholiveincountrieswherethispracticeiscustomarytostriveandcooperatetoget
ridofthispracticeandeliminateitsevil.Bydoingthis,theywillbeguardingtheirhonor,cooperatingin
righteousnessandpietyandcarryingouttheCommandmentsofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)andHis
Messenger(peacebeuponhim).TheyshouldrepenttoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)ofwhatthey
havecommittedinthepastanddotheirbestinenjoiningMa`ruf(thatwhichisjudgedasgood,beneficial,
orfittingbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)andforbiddingMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptable
ordisapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect).Theyshouldremainconstantinthisand
shouldnotfeelashamedofdefendingthetruthanddefeatingfalsehood.Theyshouldnotletthescornor
criticismofothersdeterthemfromdefendingthetruth.ItismandatoryuponaMuslimtofollow

(PartNo:5,PageNo:240)

Allah'sShari`ahwillingly,wishingforAllah'sRewardandfearingHisPunishmenteveniftheclosestand
dearestpeopletohimdisagreewithhim.Itisnotpermissibletofollowthewhimsandthetraditionswhich
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)didnotlegislate,asIslamisthereligionofthetruth,guidanceand
justice.Itcallsforhighmoralstandards,thebestdeedsandforbidswhatiscontrarytothat.

MayAllahgrantusandallMuslimsguidancetowhatpleasesHim.WeseekrefugewithAllahfromtheevils
ofourselvesandfromourmisdeedsforHeistheMostGenerous.MaypeaceandblessingsofAllahbeupon
ourProphetMuhammad,hisfamilyandCompanions!

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh!

www.ircpk.com

Warningagainstgambling

(PartNo:5,PageNo:241)

PraisebetoAllahandpeaceandblessingsbeupontheMessengerofAllah,hisfamilyand
Companions.Someinstitutionsandshopspublishadvertisementsinnewspapersand
elsewhereofferingprizestowhomeverbuystheirproducts.Thisenticespeopleintobuying
specificallyfromtheirshops,orbuyingunnecessarygoods,hopingtoreceivesuchprizes.

Giventhatthisisconsideredaformofprohibitedgamblingleadingtomisappropriating
peoples'moneyandpromotingone'sgoodstotheexclusionofothers,whodonotofferthese
raffledrawingsorgambling,IwouldliketoadvisepeoplethatthisactisHaram(prohibited)
andtheprizeisalsoHaram,foritisgainedbywayofprohibitedgambling.Merchantsmust
refrainfromthisformofgambling,takingintoaccounttheneedsofpeople.Allah(Glorifiedbe
He)states, Oyouwhobelieve!Eatnotupyourpropertyamongyourselvesunjustlyexceptitbeatradeamongstyou,bymutual
consent.Anddonotkillyourselves(norkilloneanother).Surely,AllhisMostMercifultoyou. Andwhoevercommitsthatthrough
aggressionandinjustice,WeshallcasthimintotheFire,andthatiseasyforAllh.

Thisgamblingisnotconsideredakindoftradepermittedbymutualconsentrather,itis
gamblingprohibitedbyAllah,foritentailsuncertainty,deception,andmisappropriationof
people'smoney,thussowingenmityandanimosityamongpeople.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)
states, Oyouwhobelieve!Intoxicants(allkindsofalcoholicdrinks),andgambling,andAlAnsb,andAlAzlm(arrowsfor
seekingluckordecision)areanabominationofShaitans(Satan)handiwork.Soavoid(strictlyall)that(abomination)inorderthatyou
maybesuccessful. Shaitn(Satan)wantsonlytoexciteenmityandhatredbetweenyouwithintoxicants(alcoholicdrinks)and
gambling,andhinderyoufromtheremembranceofAllhandfromAsSalt(theprayer).So,willyounotthenabstain?

(PartNo:5,PageNo:242)

AllahistheOneWhomweinvoketograntus,andtherestofMuslims,successandprotectus
fromanyactionthatcontradictsShari`ah.HeistheMostGenerous.MayAllah'sPeaceand
BlessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamilyandCompanions!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:243)

Students'questionandanswersessionatAlFarabyMiddleSchool,Riyadh,withHisEminence
ShaykhIbnBaz

PraisebetoAllah,LordofCreation.MaypeaceandblessingsbeuponthenoblestMessenger.
WeadviseyoutoexerteffortinseekingIslamicknowledgenottowasteyourtimeonharmful
thingsoranythingthatdistractsyoufromseekingbeneficialknowledge.Wealsoadvisethat
youbeamongthosewhohastentoperformSalahincongregationandbecourteousandkind
toyourparentsandotherfamilymembers.

Oneofthemostimportantqualitiesreligiousknowledgeseekersshouldadoptisgood
characterandgoodmanners.TheyshouldgiveimportancetolearningIslam,performingSalah
incongregation,guardingtonguesandlimbsfromengaginginwhatgoesagainstShari`ah,
doinggood,andavoidevilandharmfulthings.Thesearethequalitiesthatthetruthfulseeker
ofknowledgeandintelligentyouthshouldpursue.Inallcases,theyshoulddevelopgood
mannersandgoodreputationand,atthesametime,avoidbadmanners.Theyshouldguard
againstwhatevermaytarnishtheirreputation,whetherathome,withtheirfriendsorwhile
traveling.

Weadviseteacherstodotheirbesttoencouragestudentstodogooddeeds.Theymustcare
aboutpreparingthelessonsandhelpingthestudentsunderstandthem.Ateachershouldbea
goodexampleforthestudentstofollow.WeaskAllahtograntsuccess,sincereintentionand
goodworkforall.Indeed,AllahistheBesttobeaskedforhelp.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:244)

Thefollowingarethequestionsandtheanswers:

Q1:Whatarethecausesofhardheartednessandhowcanwecureit?

A1:Thecausesofhardhearteddnessincludesins,beingheedlessandbefriendingtheheedless
andthedissolute.Conversely,obeyingAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),befriendinggood
people,busyingoneselfwithrecitingQur'an,Dhikr(remembranceofAllah)andaskingAllah's
forgivenesssoftentheheartandbringtranquility.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)states, verily,inthe
remembranceofAllhdoheartsfindrest.

Q2:WhatshouldIdowhenIsitwithpersonsinvolvedinGhibah(backbiting)andIamnot
abletoleavetheircompany?

A2:Youshouldadvisethem,sayingthatthisactisimpermissibleand

Ghibahisprohibited.TheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)stated, Whoeverdefendsthehonorofhis
(Muslim)brother,AllahwillsecurehisfaceagainsttheFireontheDayofResurrection. Abelievershouldnotjoinan
evilgathering.Ifyouareabletowarnthosepersonsthattheiractisimpermissibleandthat
theymustabandonit,youshoulddosoandbesinceretoAllah.Ifnot,youshouldleaveevenif
theycriticizeyou.Ifaskedwhy,youcangivethemthereason,asAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
states, Andwhenyou(Muhammad)seethosewhoengageinafalseconversationaboutOurVerses(ofthe
Q u rn)bymockingatthem,stayawayfromthemtilltheyturntoanothertopic.AndifShaitn(Satan)causesyoutoforget,then
aftertheremembrancesitnotyouinthecompanyofthosepeoplewhoaretheZlimn(polytheistsandwrongdoers).

(PartNo:5,PageNo:245)

Q3:Whatistherulingonmusicintheirdifferentformsandwhatisthepunishmentofthe
singersandthosewholistentothem?

A 3 : Allmusicisprohibitedandlisteningtoitisimpermissibleasitcomesundertheidletalk
mentionedinAllah'sstatement, Andofmankindishewhopurchasesidletalks(i.e.music,singing,etc.)tomislead
(men)fromthePathofAllhwithoutknowledge,andtakesit(thePathofAllh,ortheVersesoftheQurn)bywayofmockery.For
suchtherewillbeahumiliatingtorment(intheHellfire). AndwhenOurVerses(oftheQurn)arerecitedtosuchaone,heturns
awayinpride,asifheheardthemnotasifthereweredeafnessinhisear.Soannouncetohimapainfultorment.

'Idletalk'refersto,accordingtothemajorityofthescholars,singingandplayingmusical
instruments.Thesesongsareoneofthecausesofhardheartedness,moraldiseasesand
becomingunmindfulofAllahandheedlessofseriousmattersrelatedtotheHereafter.
AccordingtothetwopreviousAyahs,songsleadtomisguidance,mockingAllah'sDin
(religion),disregardingandturningawayinpridefromlisteningtotherecitationofQur'an.A
believermustnotlistentothesesongsatall,whethertheyarebroadcastontheradioor
recordedintapes,astheyhaveworseconsequences.IbnMas`ud(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim) www.ircpk.com
said,"Singingcultivateshypocrisyintheheartaswaterbringsforthplants."

Q4:WhatismeantbyHissaying, Andthereisnoneofyouexcepthewillcometoit. anddoesthe


phrase"willcometoit"meanenteringHellorpassingovertheSirat(thebridgeoverthe
Fire)?

A 4 : Thisphrasemeanspassingover(theSirat)asitwasprovedbyauthenticHadithreported
fromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim).AllahwillsavethosewhofearAllahandleavethe
Mushriks(thosewhoassociatesotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)andwrongdoers
thereinhumbledontheirknees.Allah(mayHebePraised)states, ThenWeshallsavethosewhousedto
fearAllhandweredutifultoHim.AndWeshallleavetheZlimn(polytheistsandwrongdoers)therein(humbled)totheirknees(in
Hell).

(PartNo:5,PageNo:246)

ThedisbelieversandsinnersaretobeledtotheSirat.Thesinnerswillcrossitaccordingto
theirdeeds:somewillcrossitsafely,somewillbesnatchedandthensavedandsomewillbe
thrownintotheFire.However,theywillnotabidethereinforevertheywillbepunishedfora
fixedperiodoftime.Thedisbelieverswillabidethereinforever.Allah(GlorifiedandExalted
beHe)statesinSurahAlBaqarahconcerningthedisbelievers, ThusAllhwillshowthemtheirdeedsas
regretsforthem.AndtheywillnevergetoutoftheFire. andinSurahAlMa'idah, Verily,thosewhodisbelieve,iftheyhad
allthatisintheearth,andasmuchagaintherewithtoransomthemselvestherebyfromthetormentontheDayofResurrection,it
wouldneverbeacceptedofthem,andtheirswouldbeapainfultorment. TheywilllongtogetoutoftheFire,butneverwillthey
TherearemanyAyahstothiseffect.WeaskAllahto
getouttherefromandtheirswillbealastingtorment.
grantussafetyandprotectionfromtheabodeofthedwellersoftheHell.

Q5:PleaseexplainforwhomshouldbetheprincipleofAlWala'walBara'(loyaltyand
disassociationforAllah'sSake)?Isitpermissibletobeloyaltothedisbelievers?

A 5 : A lWala'walBara'istoloveandbeloyaltothebelieversandtohate,alienate,and
disavowthedisbelieversandtheirfaith.Allah(mayHebePraised)states,inSurahAl
Mumtahanah, IndeedtherehasbeenanexcellentexampleforyouinIbrhm(Abraham)andthosewithhim,whentheysaidto
theirpeople:"Verily,wearefreefromyouandwhateveryouworshipbesidesAllh:wehaverejectedyou,andtherehasstarted
betweenusandyouhostilityandhatredforeveruntilyoubelieveinAllhAlone" Hostilityandhatredtothemdonot
meanthatyouareentitledtooppressortransgressagainstdisbelievers,solongastheydo
notfightyou.ItisadutyonMuslimstokeepthemselvesalooffromanykindofloyaltyto
disbelieversforAllah'sSakerathertheyshouldresentthem,butnotharm,hurt,oroppress
themwithoutarightfulclaim.Whentheygreetyou,youshouldreturnthegreetingsand
advisethem

(PartNo:5,PageNo:247)

todogood.Allahstates, AndarguenotwiththepeopleoftheScripture(JewsandChristians),unlessitbein(away)that
isbetter(withgoodwordsandingoodmanner,invitingthemtoIslmicMonotheismwithHisVerses),exceptwithsuchofthemasdo
wrong PeopleoftheBookaretheJewsandChristians.Thesameappliestootherdisbelieverswhoare
Dhimmy(protectednonMuslimslivingunderIslamicrule)orhavebeensecuredorgivena
pledgeofsafety.However,theymustbepunishedwhentheydowrong.Itispermissiblefor
thebelievertourgebothMuslimsandnonMuslimsinawaythatisbestwhilehatingthe
latterforAllah'sSake.Allahstates, Invite(mankind,OMuhammad)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.
Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewiththeminawaythatisbetter.
ItispermissibleforyoutocallthemtoAllahandtoinstructandguidethemtothetruth
perhapsAllahmayguidethemtothestraightpaththroughyou.Furthermore,thereisnoharm
ingivingthemSadaqah(voluntarycharity)anddealwiththeminkindness,asAllah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)states, Allhdoesnotforbidyoutodealjustlyandkindlywiththosewhofoughtnotagainstyouon
accountofreligionnordroveyououtofyourhomes.Verily,Allhlovesthosewhodealwithequity. Itwasauthentically
reportedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)that The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)orderedAsma'bintAbuBakr(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)tomaintaingoodtieswithherdisbelieving
motherduringthetrucebetweentheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andthepeopleofMakkahintheyearofAlHudaybiyyah.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:248)

GravityofthebombingthattookplaceinMakkah

IntheNameofAllah,andpeaceandblessingsbeupontheMessengerofAllah!TheMuslimworld
condemnedwhathappenedinMakkahnamelytheMonday7/12/1409AHbombing,describingitahideous
crimeandevil.ItinvolvedterrorizingpilgrimsvisitingAlBayt(theHouse:anothernamefortheKa`bah),threatening
peace,violatingsanctityofthissacredcountryandharmingpeople.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)madethiscountry
sacreduntiltheDayofResurrectionandmadetheblood,wealthandhonorofMuslimsinviolable.He
(GlorifiedbeHe)ordainsthatviolatingthemisamongthegravestcrimesandmajorsinsandpromises
anyonewhocommitssuchacrimeinthesacredcountryseverepunishment.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)states: and
whoeverinclinestoevilactionsthereinortodowrong(i.e.practisepolytheismandleaveIslmicMonotheism),himWeshallcauseto
tastefromapainfultorment. IfanyoneinclinestodoawrongdeedintheHaram(allareaswithintheSacredSanctuaryof
Makkah)anddoesnotdoitispromisedapainfultormentwhataboutthosewhoactuallycarryitout?Their
crimewilldefinitelybegraverandpunishmentseverer.

Indeed,theMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)warnedhisnationagainstinjusticeinmanyHadith.In
theFarewellHajj,he(peacebeuponhim)stated, "Yourblood,yourpropertyandyourhonorareassacredtooneanother
asthesanctityofthisdayofyoursinthismonthofyoursinthistownofyours.HaveIconveyedAllah'smessagetoyou?"TheSahabah
(CompanionsoftheProphet)said:"Webearwitnessthatyouhaveconveyed(themessage),fulfilled(yourrole)andwassincere(to
us)."He(peacebeuponhim)keptpointinghisforefingerupwardtowardtheskyanddownwardtotheearthwhilesaying:"OAllah,be
mywitness.OAllah,bemywitness."

(PartNo:5,PageNo:249)

Further,thisheinousactofbringingexplosivesnearAlBaytisamongthegreatestsinsandcrimes.Noone
whobelievesinAllahandtheLastDaycandoit,butonlysomeonespitefultoIslam,Muslimsandpilgrims
can.ThosewhocommittedthismajorsinwillbeamongthelosersandweaskAllahtoturntheirevil
plottingagainstthemandtodisgracetheminfrontofallpeople.MayAllahguidetheGovernmentofthe
CustodianoftheTwoSacredMosquestoexecutethepunishmentprescribedbyAllahontheperpetrator,forHe
isAble.PeaceandBlessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamilyandCompanions.

`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahIbnBaz

PresidentoftheWorldMuslimLeague,

ChairmanoftheDepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,

Ifta',Da`wah,andGuidance

KingdomofSaudiArabia

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:250)

ThisMagazine

byHisEminence,theVicePresidentoftheIslamicUniversity,ShaykhAbdulAzizibnBaz

AllPraiseisduetoAllahAlone,andpeaceandblessingsbeupontheoneafterwhomtherewillbenoother
prophet.ThisisthefirstissueofthemagazineoftheIslamicUniversityofAlMadinahAlMunawwarah(The
LightenedCity).Weareintroducingittothereaders,hopingthattheywillfindinitthatwhichbenefitsthemin
theirworldlyandreligiousmattersandincreasestheirinsightandunderstandingofAllahsBookandthe
SunnahofHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).Wealsohopethatthismagazinewillprovideenlightenment
toresolvetheirproblemsandalightontheroadbeforethem.

ThepublicationoftheIslamicUniversitymagazinewasdelayedassomepeoplewereoftheopinionthatthe
magazineshouldbepublishedatthesametimeastheuniversitywasopened,sothemagazinewouldbethe
voiceoftheuniversity,explainingitsaimsandobjectivesandclarifyingitscourseofactiontoreachitsgoals.

However,themajorityopinionwasnottospeakabouttheactionsoftheuniversityduringitsestablishment,
andtoletitsfruitsbetangiblenotdescriptive.Weinformedthoseinchargeofthemagazinethatitisto
includethewritingsofthinkersandscholarsfromallcornersoftheworldnotjustfromtheIslamic
University,soitcanbeameetingpointthatgathersalltheseworks,especiallywhenitisthemagazine
issuedfrom A lMadinahAlMunawwarah,theMuslims firstcapitalandspringboardforthenobleMuslim
conquerors,Duahs(callerstoIslam),andreformers.

Thismagazineaimstobeatthelevelofunderstandingofthemajorityofreaders

(PartNo:5,PageNo:251)

inMuslimandnonMuslimcountries,sotheycanfollowanddigestwhatisbeingpublished.Itwillnotbe
limitedtotheprominentscholars,jurists,andresearchers,therebypreventingotherswhoseculturalor
educationallevelsarelimitedfromgraspingandbenefitingfromwhatispublished.Themagazinewillavoid
publishingemptytalk,trivialmatters,andallthatmayharmMuslimsorcarrydangerstotheirunityand
solidarity.Itwillbe,withAllahsPermission,anIslamicculturalmagazine,notapoliticalpartybiased
magazine.Theseareitsintentions.

TheIslamicUniversityinAlMadinahAlMunawwarahisanewinstitution,comparedtotheotherlargeuniversities
andacademicinstitutions.Althoughithasnotyetcompleteditsseventhyear,ithaspraisebetoAllah
madegreatprogresstowardstheintendedgoalbehinditsestablishment.Hundredsofstudentsfromdozens
ofMuslimcountriesallovertheworldhavegraduatedfromitandtakenpositionsintheircountriesand
otherstoteachpeoplethegoodandguidethemtotherightpath.

Iwillnottalktoomuchhereabouttheuniversity,becausethereisanotherplaceforthatinthemagazine.
Myaimhereisjusttoindicatethegoalofthemagazine.IaskAllahsincerelytoguideustotheplacesof
truthinthisworldandtowhatisright!MayHegrantusalltruthfulwordsandrighteousdeeds,andgive
victorytoHisDin(Religion)andmakeHisWordsuperior!HeistheAllHearer,EverNear.Maypeaceand
blessingsbeuponHisMessengerMuhammad,andhisfamilyandCompanions!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:252)

Answeringthequestionposedby:"AlDawah"newspaperabouttheIslamicUniversity

Q1:CouldyoupleasetellusaboutthestudentsoftheIslamicUniversity?

A : MostofthestudentsapplyingtotheIslamicUniversityareenthusiasticaboutDawah(callingtoIslam)
andfeelthattheircountriesareingreatneedoftrustworthyMuslimDuah(callerstoIslam),whounderstand
IslamandhavestudieditfromitspuresourcestheGloriousQuranandthepurifiedSunnah.Theyarekeen
tocontinuetheirstudiesandcompleteallthestages,sotheywillbefullyarmedtofightagainstdestructive
calls,atheisticprinciples,andforeignmissionarymovements,andteachtheircompatriotsaboutIslamfrom
itspuresourcesbasedonclearproofs.

Q2:PleasetellusabouttheuniversityseffortstofighttheJewish,Christian,andother
movements.

A:TheIslamicUniversityisveryconcernedaboutAfricaandtheAfricanstudents,andthestudentswhocome
fromothercountries.ItpreparesallthestudentstoconfrontthegroundlessAqidahs(creeds)and
destructiveMadhhabs(SchoolsofThought)thathavespreadintheircountries.ItgivesthemapureIslamic
education,voidofBid ahs(innovationsinreligion)andsuperstitions,andequipsthemwithappropriate
weaponstoconfrontwhatyoumentionedinthequestionconcerningtheJewish,Christian,Qadyanis,and
othermovementsthatopposeIslaminAfricaandotherplaces.Itprovidesthemwithbooks,treatises,and
responsesthatwillbenefittheminthisregardasmuchaspossible.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:253)

Q3:theenemiesoftheIslamicmovementsareincreasing,whatmeanscanweusetoconfront
them?

A : ThereisnodoubtthattheIslamicmovementseverywherehaveenemiesandopponents,whohaveallied
againstthem.Therearedeclaredaswellassecretorganizationsthatprovidethemwithmeansofsupport,
backing,andplanning.InmyopinionitisobligatorythatIslamiccountriesandwealthyMuslimsshould
providetheseIslamicmovementseverywherewithsincereDuah(callerstoIslam),wellknownfortheir
knowledge,Islamicactivity,truthfulness,patience,andsoundAqidah(creed).Theyshouldprovidethem
withmoneytohelpthemtocarryoutandspreadDawah(CalltoIslam)andtorefutetheenemiesofIslam.
Theyshouldprovidethemwithusefulbooks,researches,andarticlesinvariouslanguages,accordingtothe
areaswheretheIslamicmovementsexist.Thereshouldbesupervisorsvisitingthesemovementsfromtime
totime,tolearnabouttheiractivities,honesty,andneeds,whocanguidetheminwhattheyshoulddo,and
easethedifficultiestheymaybefacing.Weshouldknowthepeopleororganizationsthataresupportingthe
enemiesandaidingthemsecretlyoropenly,sotheIslamicmovementscanbeawareofthemandtreatthem
intheappropriateway.Thereisnodoubtthatwhatwehavejustmentionedneedshonesteffortsand
faithfulpeoplewhodesireAllahandtheLastDay.IaskAllahtomakeiteasyfortheIslamicmovementsand
MuslimseverywheretodowhathelpstheminAlHaqq(theTruth)andmayHegranttheminsightandmake
themadheretoitfirmly.HeisthebestOnetobeaskedforhelp.

www.ircpk.com

Q4:WhatarethereasonsformanyyoungpeopledeviatingfromtheDin(religionofIslam)
andbecomingalienatedfromit?

A : Asyoumentioned,manyyoungpeoplearedeviatingfromIslamandbecomingalienatedfromallthatis
relatedtotheDin,andtherearemanyreasons,amongwhichare:Theirlackofknowledgeandignoranceof
therealityandmeritsofIslamtheirinattentiontotheQuranandthelackofeducatorswhohave
knowledgeandabilitytoexplaintherealityofIslamanditsmeritstothoseyoungpeople,

(PartNo:5,PageNo:254)

itsgoals,andthegoodthatwillbeattainedthroughitintheDunia(thisworld)andintheHereafter.There
arealsootherreasons,suchastheirenvironmenttheradiotelevisiontravelingabroadmixingwith
visitorswhohavefalse Aqidahs(creeds)anddeviantmoralscombinedwithignoranceandotherfactors
thatalienatethemfromIslamandattractthemtoatheismandimmorality.Allthesefactorshavecombined
toaffectmanyyoungpeople,whoseheartsarevoidofbeneficialknowledgeandasoundAqidah.The
invasiveinfluxofdoubts,suspiciousbeliefs,misleadingpropaganda,andseductivedesires,haveresultedin
whatyoumentionedinyourquestionabouttheirdeviationandestrangementfromallthatisrelatedto
Islam.Thebestwordsthathavebeensaidinthisregardare:

HerpassioncametomebeforeI itcameacrossanemptyheart
knewpassion andsoseizedit!

Moreeloquent,truthful,andbetterthanthisareAllahsWords: Haveyou(OMuhammad)seen
himwhohastakenashisilh(god)hisownvaindesire?WouldyouthenbeaWakl(adisposerofhisaffairsorawatcher)overhim?
Ordoyouthinkthatmostofthemhearorunderstand?Theyareonlylikecattlenay,theyareevenfartherastrayfromthePath
Asforremedy,Ibelievethatitvariesaccordingtothetypeofillness.Themost
(i.e.evenworsethancattle).
importantremediesaretodedicateattentiontotheQuran,andtotheSirah(biography)oftheProphetto
providerighteousteachers,directors,andinspectorsthecorrectManhaj(methodology)tocorrectthemass
mediainIslamiccountries,andpurifyitfrominvitingpeopletoimmorality,nonIslamicmanners,andtypes
ofatheismandcorruption.ThoseresponsibleshouldbetruthfulintheireffortsofDawah(callingtoIslam)
andhaveanhonestdesiretoguidethepeopleandtheyouthtoIslam.Thisalsomeansthatattentionshould
bepaidtotheenvironment,toreformandpurifyitfromtheseepidemics.

Theremedyalsoincludesprohibitingtravelabroad,exceptfornecessities,payingattentiontospreading
purepurposefulIslamicawarenessbymeansofthemassmedia,teachers,Duah(callerstoIslam),and
preachers.IaskAllahtograntusthisandcorrecttheMuslimsleadersandguidethemtocomprehendthe
Din,adheretoit,andfightthosewhocontradictit,andtodosowithhonesty,sincerity,andceaseless
efforts!Indeed,HeistheAllHearer,EverNear!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:255)

Theinterviewof`UkazhnewspaperwithHisEminenceShaykh`Abdul`AzizIbnBaz

Q1:WouldyoupleaseclarifytherulingonandthemeritsofobservingDa`wah(calltoIslam)
toAllah(ExaltedbeHe)?

A 1 : TherulingonthisisfromtheevidencefoundintheQur'anandSunnah(whateverreportedfromthe
Prophet),whichindicatethatitisobligatorytoobserveDa`wahtoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)since
itisoneoftheFara'id[pl.ofFaridah(obligatoryact)].Therearemanyproofsforthis.Forexample,Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)says, Letthereariseoutofyouagroupofpeopleinvitingtoallthatisgood(Islm),enjoiningAlMarf(i.e.
IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo)andforbiddingAlMunkar(polytheismanddisbeliefandallthatIslmhas
forbidden).Anditistheywhoarethesuccessful. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Invite(mankind,OMuhammad
)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,and
arguewiththeminawaythatisbetter. and: andinvite(men)to(believein)yourLordandbenotofAlMushrikn(thosewho
associatepartnerswithAllh,e.g.polytheists,pagans,idolaters,andthosewhodisbelieveintheOnenessofAllhanddenythe
ProphethoodofMessengerMuhammad). and: Say(OMuhammad):"ThisismywayI
inviteuntoAllh(i.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)withsureknowledge,Iandwhosoeverfollowsme(alsomust
inviteotherstoAllhi.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheismwithsureknowledge). Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)clearly
declaresthatthefollowersoftheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)arethosewhocalltoAllah(Exaltedbe
He).Theyarethepeopleofwisdom.Accordingly,asitisknown,wemustfollowhimandadopthispath
(peacebeuponhim)asAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says: IndeedintheMessengerofAllh(Muhammad)
youhaveagoodexampletofollowforhimwhohopesfor(theMeetingwith)AllhandtheLastDay,andremembersAllhmuch.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:256)

However,scholarsstatethatDa`wahtoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)isacollectiveobligationinthe
regionswheretheDu`ah(callerstoIslam)exist,foreveryregionandterritoryisinneedofDa`wah.Beinga
collectiveobligation,whenitisobservedbyasufficientnumberofpeople,theothersareexemptfrom
blame.Thus,itbecomesaconfirmedSunnahandapioushonorableactforthosewhoundertakeit.

However,ifDa`wahiscompletelyneglectedinaspecificarea,alltheinhabitantsareconsideredsinful.Itwill
becomeobligatoryforeverypersontoobserveitaccordingtotheirabilityandcapacity.Generally,there
mustbeagroupthatperformstheobligationofDa`wahtoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),coveyAllah's
Message,andclarifyHisCallbyallpossiblemeanstoallpeople.TheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)sent
Du`ahandmessagestopeople,kings,andpresidentscallingthemtoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).

Q2:HowdoyouevaluatetherealityoftheDa`wahatthepresenttime?Whatarethepoints
thatshouldbestressedinthelightofthecurrenteventsandrecentchallenges?

A 2 : Atthepresenttime,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)facilitatestheissueofDa`wahthroughmeans
thatwerenotavailableinthepast.Da`wahtodayhasbecomeeasierthroughseveralchannels,asithasalso
becomepossibletoestablishtheprooftopeoplebyvariousways,suchastheradio,TV,thepress,and
othermeans.Thus,itisthedutyofthepeopleofknowledgeandIman(faith)andthosewhofollowthe
Messengertofulfillthistask,cooperateinachievingit,andconveyAllah'sMessagestoHisServantswithout
fearingtheblameofanyoneexceptAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Moreover,theyshouldcomplimentnooneinthis
matterrather,theyshouldconveyAllah'sCalltoHisservantsasrevealedandprescribedbyHim.Onthe
otherhand,thiscanalsobeanindividualobligationinaplacewherethereisnoonetoundertakethistask
butyou,asinthecaseofenjoininggoodandforbiddingevil,foritmightbeanindividual

(PartNo:5,PageNo:257)

orcollectiveobligation.IfyouareinaplacewherenoonehastheabilitytoconveyAllah'scallbutyou,it
becomesobligatoryuponyoutodothis.IfotherscanobserveDa`wah,enjoingood,andforbidevil,it
becomesaSunnahforyou.Ifyouhastentoobserveit,youwillbeofthosewhocompeteandrushtoward
offeringactsofobedience.Overandabove,amongtheevidencesupportingthefactthatDa`wahisa
collectiveobligation,isAllah'sSaying(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe): Letthereariseoutofyouagroupofpeople
invitingtoallthatisgood(Islm) A lHafizhIbnKathirsaidthatthisAyahmeans:lettherebeagroupofpeoplewho
standerectforthisgreatpurpose,callingtoAllah,propagatingHisReligion,andconveyingHisreligion
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).ItisalsoknownthattheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)calledtoAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)andestablishedHisreligioninMakkahasmuchashecould.TheSahabah(Companionsof
theProphet)(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)hadalsodonethatasmuchastheycould,thenaftertheir
Hijrah(abeliever'smigrationtoanIslamicland),theyintensifiedDa`wah.Also,astheyscatteredallover
theworldaftertheProphet's(peacebeuponhim)death,theycontinuedtodothisaswell(mayAllahbe
pleasedwiththem),pursuanttotheirknowledgeandcapability.Thus,upontheexistenceofafewpeople
whocandoDa`wahandlargenumbersofthosedoingevil,andontheprevalenceofignorance(inreligion)
asinourcasenowadays,Da`wahbecomesanindividualobligationforeveryone,eachaccordingtohisor
hercapabilityandknowledge.However,ifthereisasmallplace,avillageoratownforinstance,where
thosewhoexistundertakethemissionandconveyAllah'sCall,thisshallsuffice.Da`wahinthiscase www.ircpk.com
becomesaSunnah(supererogatoryactofworshipfollowingtheexampleoftheProphet)fortheothers,for
theproofwillbeestablishedbyothersandAllah'sCommandswillbeimplementedonothers.

However,allpeople,scholarsandrulers,shouldconveyAllah'sOrdersaccordingtotheircapabilitybyall
possiblemeans.Thisisanindividualobligationonthemaccordingtotheircapability.Inthisway,itbecomes
knownthatDa`wahbeingacollectiveorindividualobligationisarelativeissue,forsometimesitis
individualforsomepeopleandaSunnahforothers,since

(PartNo:5,PageNo:258)

thereexiststhosewhoundertakethistask,soitsufficedforthem.Rulerswhohavemorepowerand
authority,havegreaterresponsibilitytoconveytheDa`wahasmuchastheycanthrougheverypossible
meanandinallspokentongues.TheyshouldconveyAllah'sReligionwiththeselanguagestocommunicate
withawiderrangeofpeoplewiththeirlanguageswhetherArabicoranyotherlanguage,sincethismatter
hasbecomepossibleandavailablenowcontrarytothepast.Preachersshouldalsoconveyasmuchasthey
canofAllah'sCall(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)inceremoniesandgatherings.TheyshouldspreadAllah's
Din(religionofIslam)asmuchastheycan,eachaccordingtohiscapabilityandknowledge.Regardingthe
spreadofcallstosubversiveprinciples,apostasy,andthedenialoftheLord,aswellasthedenialofAllah's
Messages,andHereafterinadditiontotheoutbreakofthecalltoChristianityinmanycountries,aswellas
otherstrayingcallsthecalltoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)hasbecomemandatoryforallscholars
andrulersembracingIslam,asitbecomesobligatoryforthemtoconveyAllah'sDinwithallthepowerthey
havethroughwriting,deliveringKhutab(sermons),radio,andanyotherpossiblemeanswithoutslackening
ordependingonanyone,forthereisdireneedtodayforcooperation,unity,andparticipationinthisgreat
mattermorethanever.ThisisbecausetheenemiesofAllahhavecooperatedbyallmeanstohinderpeople
fromthePathofAllah,castdoubtintoHisReligion,andcallpeopletowhateverbringsthemoutofthepale
ofIslam.Therefore,itisthedutyofthepeopleofIslamtorefutesuchdisbelievingcallsusinganIslamiccall
onalllevels,byallpossiblemeans,outoffulfillingthecalltoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)imposedbyHimonHis
servants.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:259)

Q3:HowcanIslamicsocietiesfighttheWesternandEasternculturalinvasion,whichtheyare
encounteringatthepresenttime?

A 3 : Undoubtedly,themostseriousproblemfacingIslamicsocietiesatpresentistheculturalinvasionwith
allitsmeans,suchasbooks,broadcasts,andprintedpress.Thisisbecausecolonialisminthemodernage
haschangeditsoldfashionedstyleafterrecognizingitsfailure,ineffectiveness,andresistanceofother
nationswhostruggletoprotecttheirDin(religion),countries,destinies,andheritage.Theuseofforce,
violence,andterrorismisnaturallyrejected.Thisisespeciallysoduringthesetimesafterawarenessand
intercommunicationhavebecomewidespread,aswellastheemergenceofmanyorganizationsthatprotect
therightsofnations,refuseforcefulcolonialism,andclaimeverynation'srighttoselfdeterminationand
theirrighttoruletheirterritory,investtheirresources,andgoverntheircountriesaccordingtotheir
interests,views,andbeliefs.Thisisinadditiontovariousformsofgovernmenttechniquestheyfollowand
werethencompelledtoleavethesecountriesafterconflict,armedbattles,andbloodywars.However,before
thedepartureofthecolonizers,theythoughtofseveralmeans,plottedmanyplansafterdeepstudy,
thinking,andthoroughlyunderstandingthedimensionsoftheseplotstoreachtheiraims.Theseaimscanbe
summarizedinfindingweakcurriculaofweaklinktoreligion.Thisreflectsmuchastuteness,slyness,and
deceitinwhichtheyconcentrateonservingtheirowninterests,spreadingtheirowncultureinadditionto
consolidatingadmirationoftheiraccomplishmentsin

(PartNo:5,PageNo:260)

differentfieldsofindustryandtheirprofitsandinstillthisintothemindsofmostpeople,inordertobe
becomeoverwhelmedbytheglareofsuccessandgreatworldlyachievementsandinventions.Theycarryout
thisinparticularamongstudentsaswellasteenandyouthlearners.

SomemisguidedpeoplefromamongthemmaychoosetocompletetheireducationinEuropean,American,
orotheruniversities,wheretheyfaceasetofdoubtfulandlustfulmattersthroughOrientalistsandatheistsin
awellplanned,indirect,andcunningmanner.Theyalsofindthemselvesfacetofacewithallformsof
Westernlifethatincludesindecency,dissoluteness,breakup,impudenceandlicentiousness.Intheabsence
ofreligiousorgovernmentalrestraint,itisrarethatanyonecanbesavedfromtheseditionofsuchthings.
Thus,aftercompletingtheirstudyandreturningbacktotheirhomeland,theenemytendstobesurethat
theywillimplementthevillainousinstructionstheylearnedaftertheenemy'sdeparture,usingmoreviolent
andvigorouswaysthanthosepursuedinthepresenceofcolonialism.Thishappenedinmanycountriesthat
havebeeninflictedwithcolonialismorareconnectedtoit.Inordertobesafefromsuchdangerandkeep
awayfromitsdisadvantagesandhazards,wesummarizetheremedyinthefollowing:foundinguniversities
andinstitutesinallspecialtiestolimitthenumberofstudentssentabroadteachingvariousdisciplinesof
knowledgeandpayingdueattentiontoreligionandIslamiccultureinalluniversities,faculties,and
institutestosafeguardthe`Aqidah(creed)ofthestudents,protecttheirmoralsandfuture.Thisistolet
themcontributetobuildingtheirsocietyinthelightofteachingsofShari`ah(Islamiclaw)andaccordingto
theneedsandrequirementsofthisUmmah(nationofcreed).Therefore,itisobligatorytorestrictthe
sendingofstudentsinscholarshipsabroadtospecialbranchesofsciencesthatarenotavailableinthehome
country.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:261)
www.ircpk.com
Q4:WhatistheeffectivewayyousuggestfortheMuslimworldtogetoutofthewhirlwindit
isexperiencingatthepresenttime?

A 4 : RescuingtheMuslimworldfromthedilemmaitisgoingthroughembodiedinthevarioussectarian,
convictional,political,social,andeconomicdivisionscanonlybeattainedbyadheringtoIslamandruling
accordingtoAllah'sShari`ahinallaffairs,thusachievingunityamongMuslims.

ThisistheefficaciouscurenotonlyfortheMuslimworldbutfortheentireworldinlightofthedisturbance,
disparity,trouble,andmischiefthatisoccurring,accordingtotheSayingofAllah(ExaltedbeHe): Oyouwho
believe!Ifyouhelp(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,andmakeyourfootholdfirm. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays:
Verily,AllhwillhelpthosewhohelpHis(Cause).Truly,AllhisAllStrong,AllMighty. Those(Muslimrulers)who,ifWegivethem
powerintheland,(they)enjoinIqamatasSalt[i.e.toperformthefivecompulsorycongregationalSalt(prayers)(themalesin
mosques)],topaytheZaktandtheyenjoinAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbidAl
Munkar(i.e.disbelief,polytheismandallthatIslmhasforbidden)[i.e.theymaketheQurnasthelawoftheircountryinallthe
spheresoflife].AndwithAllhreststheendof(all)matters(ofcreatures). Inadditionto Allhhaspromisedthoseamongyou
whobelieveanddorighteousgooddeeds,thatHewillcertainlygrantthemsuccessionto(thepresentrulers)intheland,asHe
grantedittothosebeforethem,andthatHewillgrantthemtheauthoritytopractisetheirreligionwhichHehaschosenforthem(i.e.
Islm).AndHewillsurelygivetheminexchangeasafesecurityaftertheirfear(provided)they(believers)worshipMeanddonot
associateanything(inworship)withMe. and, Andholdfast,allofyoutogether,totheRopeofAllh(i.e.thisQurn),andbenot
dividedamongyourselves TherearenumerousAyahsstressingthismeaning.

However,sincemostrulers,exceptforafew,resorttootherthanAllah'sBookandtheSunnahofhis
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)toruletherewithwhileabandoningtheShari`ahandenforcingthelaws
prescribedbytheenemies,theywillnotfindawayoutof

(PartNo:5,PageNo:262)

underdevelopmentandbackwardness.Theyfeudamongthemselveswhiletheirenemiesscornandwrong
them.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says, Allhwrongedthemnot,buttheywrongedthemselves.

MayAllahgatherthemtoguidance,consolidatetheirheartsanddeeds,letthemruleandabidebyHis
Shari`ahandabandonallthatconflictswithit.HeistheMostAbletodothis.MayAllah'speaceand
blessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,andCompanions.

Q5:Howdoyouthinktheyouthcanavoidfallingintothetemptationsofthisageandfollow
therightpath?

A5:TheidealwayfortheyouthtofollowtherightpathliesinunderstandingtheDinandcallingtoit.They
havetoabidebytheStraightPaththroughstudyingandtakingheedoftheNobleQur'anandthepurified
Sunnah.Irecommendthattheyaccompanypiousandrighteousscholarswhoareknownforuprightnessto
benefitfromthemandtheirgoodmorals.

Ialsoadvisethemtohastentomarryandbekeentomarrypiouswomen,fortheProphet(peacebeupon
him)says: Oyoungpeople!Whoeveramongyouisabletomarry,shouldmarry,formarriagewouldhelphimlowerhisgazeand
keephisvirtueandwhoeverisnotabletomarryisrecommendedtofast,forfastingdiminishessexualdesire.

Q6:Doyouthinkthatthesociety'sacceptanceofDa`wahisbetterthaninthepast,i.e.no
stumblingblockinthewaybetweenDa`wahandsociety?

A 6 : PeoplearenowinadesperateneedofDa`wah.Theytendtoacceptitduetotheemergenceofmany
callerstofalsehoodandthecollapseofcommunism,whichhasledto

(PartNo:5,PageNo:263)

greatawarenessamongMuslims.PeoplearenowturningtoembraceIslamandtryingtohaveagood
understandingofitaccordingtotheinformationreceivedconcerningothercountries.

IadvisescholarsandthosewhodoDa`wahtoseizetheopportunityandexerttheirutmostefforttocallto
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)andteachpeoplehowtoworshipAllah(ExaltedbeHe)bymeansoflanguages,books,
andothermeansavailabletothem,suchasFridayKhutbah(sermon)andothersermonsonappropriate
occasions.Thismayalsobedonethroughcompilationandmassmedia.Thescholarortheonewhocallsto
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)shouldseizeeverychancetoconveyDa`wahinalllegalways,whichare
abundant,praisebetoAllah.Thus,thereshouldbenonegligenceinconveyingDa`wahandknowledge.
Moreover,peoplenowtendtobeattentivetoanythingtheyheargoodorevil.Therefore,godlyscholars
shouldtakethisopportunitytodirectpeopletogoodnessandguidanceonafixedbasis,usingAllah'sBook
andtheSunnahofHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).EveryDa`y(callertoIslam/Allah)shouldalready
knowandclearlyunderstandwhatheiscallingtobymeansoftheQur'anandtheSunnah,soastocallwith
sureknowledgeratherthanignorance.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Say(OMuhammad):"Thisis
mywayIinviteuntoAllh(i.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)withsureknowledge Oneofthemostimportant
conditionsforascholaroraDa`ytoAllahistohavesureknowledgeofwhatheiscallingtoorwarning
against.Heshouldbewareofbeingnegligentinthisregard,forapersonmightcalltofalsehoodandforbid
truthasaresultofthat.Accordingly,Da`wahshouldbeobservedwithsureknowledge,guidance,and
penetratinginsightatalltimes.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:264) www.ircpk.com
Q7:SomepeopleseethatDa`wahshouldbeobservedinMasjids(mosques)only.Whatdo
youthinkaboutthat?WhatarethefieldsandwaysaDa`yshouldadopt?

A 7 : Da`wahisnotconfinedtoMasjidsonly.Thereareotherfieldsandmeans.Thereisnodoubtthat
MasjidsprovideopportunitiesforobservingDa`wahasinFridayKhutbahorotherexhortationsatprayer
timesandlessons,fortheyarethebasisforspreadingknowledgeandDin.However,theDa`yshouldnot
confineDa`wahtoMasjidsonly.ADa`ytoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)observesDa`wahinsideandoutsideMasjid
onoccasionsorduringgatheringsinwhichaMu'min(believer)callstoAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Also,this
shouldbedonebymeansofmediaandwriting.AllthesearemethodsofDa`wah.

Yet,awisemanistheonewhotakesthechanceineveryplaceandatanytime.Forinstance,ifAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)destinesforhimtomeetagroupofpeopleanywhereandeverywhere,andithasbecome
availabletocarryoutDa`wah,heshouldexerteveryefforttocalltoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)withwisdom,
goodspeech,andmanners.

Q8:Inlightofyourlongexperienceinthisfield,whatisthebestwayofobservingDa`wah?

A 8 : ThebestwayisthatdeclaredbyAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)inHisBookandtheSunnahofHis
Prophet(peacebeuponhim).Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Invite(mankind,OMuhammad
)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andargue
withtheminawaythatisbetter.

He(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndbytheMercyofAllh,youdealtwiththemgently.Andhadyoubeensevereandharsh
hearted,theywouldhavebrokenawayfromaboutyou Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)statesinthestoryofMusa
(Moses)andHarun(Aaron)whenHesentthemtoFir`awn(Pharaoh): "Andspeaktohimmildly,perhapshemay
acceptadmonitionorfear(Allh)." Therefore,theonewhocallstoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)

(PartNo:5,PageNo:265)

shouldobservegoodmannersandusewisdom,whichistheknowledgeofwhatissaidbyAllah(Exaltedbe
He)andmentionedinthehonorablePropheticHadith.Afterwardscomesfairpreachingandgoodspeech
thattouchtheheartsandremindpeopleofdeath,Hereafter,Jannah(paradise)andNar(Hellfire)shouldbe
mentionedinordertoacceptDa`wahandlistentowhattheDa`ysays.

Similarly,ifadoubtfulmatterisputforward,theDa`yshouldbeabletodealwithitinagoodwayby
statingthedoubtfulmatteranddismissinganydoubtbyevidenceinagoodmannerwithoutviolenceor
harshness.Moreover,heshouldnotgetbored,orbecomeweakenedorangryinawaythatrepelsthe
questioner.Rather,heshouldseekpropermanners,speech,andevidenceandendureitpatiently.Perhaps,
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)mayguidethequestionertoacceptDa`wah.

Q9:HowdoyouexplainthereluctanceofsomeDu`ah(callerstoIslam/Allah)tocooperate
withthemedia?Howcanweovercomethisproblemandfindanopenchannelbetweenthe
Du`ahandthemassmedia?

A 9 : Undoubtedly,somescholarsmaynottakethismatterseriouslyforsomeengagements,weaknessof
knowledge,orillnessthatmakesthemunabletoobservethis,orforotherreasonsandtheymaynotbe
truthfulinthat.Forexample,somemaythinkthattheyarenotqualifiedforthat,orseethatothershave
fulfilledthisdutyontheirbehalfandsothereisnoneedforthem,inadditiontootherexcuses.However,my
advicetoaknowledgeseekerisnottoslackeninDa`wah,claimingthatthereareotherscarryingoutthat
importanttask.Nevertheless,heshouldcalltoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)accordingtohiscapabilityand
knowledge,butnottoengagehimselfinwhathecannotbear.HeshouldalsocalltoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
accordingtohisknowledge,endeavortocitetheevidence,andneversayanythingaboutAllah(Exaltedbe
He)withoutknowledge.Heshouldnotalsodespisehimselfsolongashehasknowledgeandgood
understandingofreligion.

Thusitisobligatoryuponhimtocontributetogoodnessbyallavailablemeans,suchasmassmedia.He
shouldnotsaythatthistalkistobeassignedtoothers,forifpeopledependoneachother,Da`wahwillbe
maimed,andthosewhocalltoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)willbeless,

(PartNo:5,PageNo:266)

leavingthosewhodonotknowintheirignorance,andleavingeviltoprevail,andthisisagreatfault.
Insteadofthis,peopleofknowledgeshouldtakepartinDa`wahtoAllahwherevertheyareontheground,
abroad,intrains,cars,orships.Wheneverthereisachance,aknowledgeseekershouldseizeittospread
Da`wahanddirectpeople.ThemorehecontributestoDa`wah,themoreheachievesgreatwelfare,for
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Andwhoisbetterinspeechthanhewho[says:"MyLordisAllh(believesinHisOneness),"and
thenstandsfirm(actsuponHisOrder),and]invites(men)toAllhs(IslmicMonotheism),anddoesrighteousdeeds,andsays:"Iam
oneoftheMuslims."

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)mentionsthatthereisnospeechbetterthanthis.Thequestionfromheredenotes
negation,i.e.noonecanhavespeechbetterthantheonewhocallstoAllah.Thisisagreatadvantageand
meritforthosewhocalltoAllah(ExaltedbeHe).TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosays, Whoeverguides
tosomethinggoodhasarewardsimilartothatofitsdoer. Andhe(peacebeupon)alsosaid, Whoevercallstoguidance,
willberewardedasequalasthosewhofollowthem(inrighteousness)withoutdecreasingtheirrewardinanyrespect.
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Moreover,he(peacebeupon)saidto`Aly(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)whenhesenthimtoKhaybar: By
Allah,ifAllahguidesarightevenonemanthroughyou,thisisbetterforyouthanpossessingthemostvaluableofcamels.
Therefore,ascholarshouldnotforsakewelfareorneglectitpleadingthatothersarecarryingoutthe
mission.Rather,peopleofknowledgeshouldcontributeandexerttheirutmostefforttocalltoAllah
wherevertheyare,sincethewholeworldisinneedofthisDa`wahMuslimsandKafirs(disbelievers),fora
MuslimmightcometohavemoreknowledgeandaKafirmightbeguidedtoacceptIslam.

Q10:SomeDu`ahrefusetoappearinthemassmedia,becauseoftheiroppositiontoacertain
policyofanewspaperormagazine,sinceitdependsonexcitementtoincreasedistribution.
WhatistheopinionofYourEminence?

A10:Theownersofsuchnewspapers,whetherdaily,weekly,ormonthly,shouldfearAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
andbewareofwhatharmspeopleandsoshouldthewriters.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:267)

TheyshouldfearAllah(ExaltedbeHe)intheirwritings,soastoonlywriteandspreadamongpeoplethat
whichbenefitsthem,callsthemtogood,andwarnsthemagainstevil.Publishingpicturesofwomenonthe
coversorinsidemagazinesornewspapersisaseriousabominableactandagreatevilthatleadsto
corruptionandfalsehood.Thisisthesameasspreadingsecularstrayingcalls,orcallsleadingtosome
misdeeds,suchasZina(premaritalsexualintercourseand/oradultery),unveilingofface,Tabarruj(women
dressedimmodestlyinviolationoftheIslamicdresscode),Khamr(intoxicants),orcallingtowhateveris
prohibitedbyAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Allthesearegraveviolations.Theownersofthesenewspapersshould
bewareofthis.Apartfromthis,whentheywritesuchthings,theywillbearthesinsofwhoeverisaffectedby
them.Accordingly,theownerofthenewspaperwhopublishessuchevilnews,whetherheisaneditorora
highofficial,willbearthesinsofwhoeverisaffectedandmisledbythesethings.Ontheotherhand,
whoeverspreadsgoodandcallstoitwillhaverewardsequaltothoseaffectedbyit.

Thus,themassmediathatiscontrolledbyMuslimsshouldbepurifiedfromallthatisprohibitedbyAllah
(ExaltedbeHe).Muslimsshouldbewareofbroadcastinganythingthatharmsthesociety.Thesemeans
shouldfocusonwhatbenefitspeopleintheirreligionandlife.Theyshouldbewareofbeingfactorsof
destructionandcorruptionbywhatisbroadcastinthemedia.Inadditiontothat,whoeverisinchargeinthe
fieldofmediainformationisresponsibleforthisaccordingtotheirpower.Du`ahshouldopenupthisfield
withwhattheywriteandpublishtheyshouldwarnagainstwhatAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
prohibits,forthisistheirdutyintheirlessonsandlecturestheydelivertopeople,asallsessionsshouldbe
Da`wah,whetherathome,intheirvisitstotheirfellows,andintheirsociety,asitistheirdutytousesuch
meansmassmediaandspreadgoodthroughthemwithoutconcealingthemselvesfromthem.

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Q11:WhatinyouropinionisasuccessfulDay(callertoIslam)andwhataretheobligatory
characteristicsthattheymusthave,whichwillresultinanincreasedeffectivenessoftheir
Dawah(callingtoIslam)onthosetheyareaddressing?

A : AsuccessfulDa yistheonewhoisconcernedabouttheevidence,perseverespatientlyinspiteof
hardships,andexertsutmostefforts

(PartNo:5,PageNo:268)

inDa wahtoAllah,despitethevariousenticementsandtroublestheymaysuffer.Theyneverweakendueto
sufferingharmorabusetheymayhear,infact,itisobligatorythattheyshouldbepatientandspareno
effortintheirDawahbyallmeans.However,theymustpayattentiontoofferingclearevidence,inwaysthat
arebest,sotheirDawahwillhaveafirmbasis,togaintheacceptanceofAllah,HisMessenger,andallthe
believers.Theymustbewareofcompromises,sotheydonotsayanythingaboutAllahwithoutknowledge.
ItisobligatoryonthemtopaygreatattentiontotheShary(Islamiclegal)proofs,andenduredifficultiesin
thepathofthis,whethertheyarecallingtoAllahthroughthemassmediaorthrougheducation.Thisisthe
successfulDa y,whodeservestobepraisedandbeexaltedtohighdegreesinParadise,iftheydothis
sincerelyforAllah.

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YouthshouldnotabandonMediafieldsandleavethemtotheignorant

andthedeviantfromTruth

(PartNo:5,PageNo:269)

Q1:YourEminence,whatisyouropinionconcerningthestateofgivingFatwa(legalopinion
issuedbyaqualifiedMuslimscholar)intheMuslimWorld,isitbeingdoneproperlyordoyou
haveanycommentsonit?

A 1 : IntheNameofAllah,theMostGracious,theMostMerciful.Maypeaceandblessingsbeuponour
ProphetMuhammad,hisHousehold,andCompanions!

ThereisnodoubtthatMuslimseverywhereareindireneedtodeliverFatwainaccordancewiththeBookof
AllahandtheSunnahofHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).TheyarealsoinpressingneedfortheseFatwa
inferredfromtheQur'anandSunnah.

Indeed,itisobligatoryuponscholarseverywhereintheMuslimworldtopayattentiontothisobligation.
TheyareresponsibleforclarifyingtherulingsofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andtheSunnahofHisMessenger
(peacebeuponhim)inissuesofTawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah/monotheism)andsinceredevotion.
TheyshouldalsoclarifythecommonviolationsthatmostpeoplefallintolikeShirk(ascribingpartnersto
Allahinworship),atheism,anddeviatingBid`ah(innovationinreligion)sothatMuslimsbecomeawareof
theirreligion.Moreover,nonMuslimsmayknowtheessenceoftheguidingmessageandtruthrevealedby
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)toHisProphet(peacebeuponHim).

Beingtheinheritorsoftheprophets,thescholarshaveagreatdutyinexplainingAllah'sShari`ah,
judgments,andprovidingevidencefromtheBookandSunnah,notjustabstractopinions.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:270)

ThescholarsshouldalsoexpoundthemeritsandhighmoralitythatIslamimparts.Thus,thosewhoknow
theessenceofIslamwilladoptitandthosewhoheardaboutthegoodnesscontainedinIslamandrighteous
deedswilloptforit.Thiswillreturningoodnessforpeopleandcountries.

ItisoneofthebestgracesthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)conferredonusinourcountrythatagroupofMuslim
scholarsorganizeausefulprogramforansweringmanyquestionsofMuslims,frombothathomeand
abroad.Irecommendlisteningtothisprogramtobenefitfromit.Moreover,Iadviseallscholarstoreview
andmakeuseofIslamicbooks,includingbooksofSunnah,suchastheTwoSahih(authentic)Booksof
Hadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)andtheotherstandardfourcompilationsofHadith(SunanofAbu
Dawud,SunanofAlTirmidhy,SunanofAlNasa'y,andSunanofIbnMajah)inadditiontotheMusnadof
ImamAhmad,Muwatta'ofImamMalikandotherreliablebooksofHadith.InthefieldofTafsir(exegesisofthe
Qur'an),IpreferthecompilationsofIbnJarir,IbnKathir,AlBaghawyandotherscholarsfromAhlulSunnahwal
Jama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody).Iadvisescholarstoreadthebooksof
Shaykhu lIslamIbnTaymiyyahandIbnAlQayyimandotherbooksofscholarsofAhlulSunnah.I,firstofall,
recommendthemtoreadtheGloriousQur'anandponderonit,foritthemosttruthfulandnoblestbook.
Allah(mayHebeglorifiedandExalted)says, Verily,thisQurnguidestothatwhichismostjustandright Moreover,I
amalsourgingthemtoadheretotheSunnahoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)duetothegreatguidance
andknowledgeitcontains.ItisauthenticallyreportedthatAllah'sMessenger(peacebeuponhim)said, "If
Allahwantstodogoodtoaperson,Hemakeshimcomprehendthereligion." MayAllahguideallMuslimscholarsto
manifestthetruthandillustratereligiousjudgments.

Q2:Somepeoplesaythattheproblemsofthepresentagearemorecomplicatedand
interlaced,thusFatwashouldbeissuedbyanintegratedteamofspecialists,whoarewell
awareoftheproblemorthesituation,inadditiontothejurist.Whatdoyouthinkinthis
regard?

A 2 : Indeed,FatwashouldbegiveninaccordancewithevidenceofShari`ah.IfFatwaisissuedbyagroup
ofscholars,itismuchbetterbutthisdoesnotprevent

(PartNo:5,PageNo:271)

ascholarfromgivingFatwaaccordingtohisownknowledgeofthesanctifiedShari`ah.

Q3:Nowadays,themediaplayanimportantroleindirectingthisgenerationinaccordance
withthedesiresofthemediaproducers.Asamatteroffact,theradioandtelevisiondrama
andprogramsintendtoimplantcertainvalues,thoughts,andprinciplesthattheproducersof
theseshows.Ifweleavetheproductionoftheseartisticworkstoothers,theywillcorruptour
children.Ifwedirectourchildrentounderstandandlearnthesearts,soastoshapethemin
anIslamicway,wefeartheywillcommitsinfuldeeds.Please,giveusyouradviceinthis
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regard.

A 3 : PeopleinchargeofMuslimcountrieshavetofearAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andentrustthegoodand
guidedscholarswiththeresponsibilitiesofpeople.Thescholarsshouldnotabstainfromclarifyingfacts
throughthemedia.Theyshouldnotleavethesemeansfortheignorantandsuspiciouspersonsoratheists.
Thesepostsshouldbeoccupiedbyrighteousandfaithfulpeoplewhoareendowedwithdeepinsightto
directmatters,accordingtotheIslamicteachings,inordernottodoharmtoMuslims,youngandold,men
andwomen.Scholarshavetogiveperfectanswerstopeoplewithregardtotheshowsandprograms
producedbythemediauntilthetimecomeswhentheyareassumedbyrighteouspersons.Muslimcountries
shoulduserighteouspersonsinsuitablepositionstospreadgoodandimplantvirtues.MayAllahgrantusall
success.

Q4:Accordingtowhatyouhaveclarified,doyourecommendthatMuslimsstudythesefields
tooccupythepositionsthoseevilmindedpeoplehold?

A 4 : Yes,thescholarsshouldnotneglectthesemattersorleavethemtoignorantpersons.Rather,they
shouldspreadgoodnessandvirtueinallfields.However,Idonotrecommendthemtopracticeacting.
ScholarsareaskedtoillustratetherulingsofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)
topeople.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:272)

Performingoractingcertaincharactersislyingandimpermissible.

Q5:Ka`bIbnZuhayr(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)stoodinfrontofAllah'sMessenger
(peacebeuponhim)andrecitedhispoem,whichbeginswith,"Su`adhasbecomesofarand
myheartisleftbroken..."However,heneversawSu`adandnothinghappenedtohimofthe
mattershementionedinhispoem,thusitisakindoffalsehood.Actingandpoetryarekinds
ofarts,sowhatdoyousayaboutthis?

A 5 : Thisdoesnotinvolverepresentationofothers,butfalserepresentationiswhensomeoneofthemsays,
"IamAbuBakr,Iam`Umar.Iam`A'ishah."Allofthisisfalsehood.Allahknowsbest.

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Q6:DoweconsidertheestablishmentofIslamicgroups,whichembracetheyouthandbring
themupontheteachingsofIslaminsomeMuslimcountries,asoneofthepositiveactivities
ofcontemporaryage?

A : ThereisnodoubtthatthesegroupsbenefitMuslims,buttheyhavetoexertgreatereffortinclarifyingthe
Truthsupportedwithevidence.Theyshouldnotdisputewithothergroups.Rather,theyarerequiredto
cooperate,exchangeadviceandpromotethepraisedactivitiesofoneanother,andavoidwhatevermay
disturbmutualharmony.Thus,thereisnoharminhaving(Islamic)groupsaslongastheycalltotheQur'an
andSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet,peacebeuponhim).

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Q7:Whatisyouradvicetotheyouthbelongingtothese(Islamic)groups?

A : IadvisethemtoholdfasttotheRightPath,toreturntoscholarsinmatterstheyareuncertainofandto
cooperatewithmembersofotherIslamicgroupsinwhatbenefitsIslambasedonevidencefromShari`ah
(Islamiclaw),avoidingviolenceandmockery.Cooperationshouldbethroughgoodwordsandgood
conduct.IadvisetheyouthtofollowtheexampleoftheSalaf(righteouspredecessors),holdfasttothe
TruthandremainupontheTrue`Aqidah(creed)adoptedbytheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)
andtheSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet,mayAllahbepleasedwiththemall).

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(PartNo:5,PageNo:273)

Q8:WhatshouldDa`wah(callingtoIslam)prioritiesbedoingcharitabledeeds,suchas
buildingMasjids(mosques)andhelpingtheafflicted,orcallinggovernmentstoapplyShari`ah
(Islamiclaw)andfightingagainstallformsofcorruption?

A : Thedutyofscholarsistofollowtheexampleofmessengers(peacebeuponthem)whostartedtheir
Da`wahwithKafir(disbelieving)groupsandnonMuslimcountries.ThisisthroughcallingtoTawhid(belief
intheOnenessofAllah),abandoningworshipofanythingapartfromAllah,believinginHim,confirmingHis
NamesandAttributesinawaythatmostbefitsHim,believinginHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),loving
himandfollowinghim.Inaddition,scholarsshouldcallMuslimseverywheretoadhereandholdfastto
Shari`ah,adviserulersandhelpandrelievetheneedy.

Moreover,whilecontinuingwiththeirDa`wahefforts,scholarsshouldnotneglectdoingcharitabledeeds.
Theycanvisitrulers,praisetheirrighteousdeedsandencouragethemtoapplyShari`ahandbindnationsto
applyit.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Butno,byyourLord,theycanhavenoFaith,untiltheymakeyou(O
Muhammad)judgeinalldisputesbetweenthem,andfindinthemselvesnoresistanceagainstyourdecisions,and
accept(them)withfullsubmission. He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Dotheythenseekthejudgementof(the
daysof)Ignorance?AndwhoisbetterinjudgementthanAllhforapeoplewhohavefirmFaith. TherearemanyAyahs
(Qur'anicverses)tothesameeffect.

Q9:Whatisyouradvicetotheyouthwhoexceedtheproperlimitsinreligion?

A : Itisnecessaryfortheyouthandeveryoneelsetobewareofviolence,extremismandexceedingthe
properlimits.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:274)

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: OpeopleoftheScripture(Christians)!Donotexceedthelimitsinyourreligion
He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndbytheMercyofAllh,youdealtwiththemgently.Andhadyoubeen
severeandharshhearted,theywouldhavebrokenawayfromaboutyou WhenAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)has
sentMusa(Moses,peacebeuponhim)andHarun(Aaron,peacebeuponhim)toFir`awn,Hesays: "And
speaktohimmildly,perhapshemayacceptadmonitionorfear(Allh)." TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Ruinedare
A lMutanatti`un(thosewhoexceedtheproperlimitsinreligion).Herepeateditthrice. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih
(authentic)bookofHadith).Furthermore,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Bewareofexceedingthelimitsin
yourreligion,becausethosebeforeyouweredestroyedduetotheirexceedingthelimitsinreligion. (RelatedbyImamAhmadand
A h lu lSunan(authorsofHadithcompilationsclassifiedbyjurisprudentialthemes)withagoodSanad(chain
ofnarrators))

Consequently,IadviseallDu`ah(callerstoIslam)tobewareofexcessivenessandexceedingtheproper
limits.TheyhavetobemoderateandadoptthemiddlecoursesetbyAllahinHisBookandintheSunnah
(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet).

Q10:Wewitnessahugepoliticaleventthatshooktheworld,namelythePalestinianIntifada
againsttheJews.WhatisyouradvicetotheMuslimyouthinoccupiedPalestine?

A : IadvisethemtoobserveTaqwa(fearingAllahasHeshouldbefeared),cooperatewithoneanotherin
goodnessandtobesincereintheirefforts,forAllahgrantsvictorytothosewhosupportHisCause.Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Oyouwhobelieve!Ifyouhelp(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,andmakeyour
footholdfirm. He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosaysintheQur'an: Allhhaspromisedthoseamongyouwhobelieveanddo
righteousgooddeeds,thatHewillcertainlygrantthemsuccessionto(thepresentrulers)intheland,asHegrantedittothosebefore
them,andthatHewillgrantthemtheauthoritytopractisetheirreligionwhichHehaschosenforthem(i.e.Islm).AndHewillsurely
givetheminexchangeasafesecurityaftertheirfear(provided)they(believers)worshipMeanddonotassociateanything(in
worship)withMe.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:275)

IadviseallMuslimstocooperatewiththePalestiniansandcallonwealthypeopleandrulerstoofferhelpto
theirstrivingbrothersinPalestinetoregaintheirlandandachievevictoryovertheenemiesofAllah,In
shaaAllah(ifAllahwills).

MayAllahguidethemandrewardthemwellfordefendingallMuslims!AsforPalestinians,theyhaveto
endureandbepatient,forAllah'sPromiseistrueandHegrantsvictorytothosewhosupportHisCause.May
AllahgrantthemsuccessandvictoryovertheirenemyandguideMuslimstohelpandstandbythemuntil
theyarevictoriousovertheirenemywiththeAidofAllah,forHeistheBesttograntVictory.

PeaceandblessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamilyandCompanions!
www.ircpk.com

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:276)

Rulingonseekingsoothsayers'andothercharlatans'help

Q:Abrother,S.A.B,livinginRiyadhsaidthattherearesomepeopleinsomedistrictsin
YemencalledAlSadah("thenoblepeople,themasters,etc"),whocommitunlawfulacts,such
assorcery,claimingtheabilitytotreatincurablediseases.Theypiercethemselveswith
knives,cuttheirtonguesandrestorethemwithoutbeingdamaged.Someofthemperform
Salah(Prayer)whileothersdonot.Theymarrywomenofanysectwhilemakingitunlawful
forotherstomarryfromtheirs.Whentheysupplicateforthesick,theydirecttheir
supplicationstotheirgrandfathers.

Inthepast,peopleusedtohonorandconsiderthemexceptionalandclosetoAllah,andthey
evencallthem"themenofAllah".Now,peopleholddifferentviewsonthem.Theyouthand
literatepeopledonotacceptthem,whiletheoldandilliteratepeoplestillbelieveinthem.
Pleaseexplainthetruthinthisregard.

A : ThesepeopleandtheirlikesarenomorethanSufiswhoseevildeedsandfalsehoodareknown.Theyare
alsodivinersaboutwhomtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated: Hewhovisitsadivinerandaskshimabout
anything,hisprayersextendingtofortynightswillnotbeaccepted. ThisisbecauseoftheirclaimofknowingGhayb(the
Unseen)andtheirserviceandworshipoftheJinn.Theyalsodeceivepeople,usingvariouskindsofmagic.
InthestoryofProphetMusa(Moses)(peacebeuponhim)andFir`awn(Pharaoh):

(PartNo:5,PageNo:277)

Allahstates, He[Ms(Moses)]said:"Throwyou(first)."Sowhentheythrew,theybewitchedtheeyesofthepeople,andstruck
terrorintothem,andtheydisplayedagreatmagic. BasedonthisandthefollowingHadith,itisimpermissibletovisit
orseektheirhelp.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated: Ifanyoneresortstoadivinerandbelievesinwhathesays,
thenhedisbelievesinwhatwasrevealedtoMuhammad(peacebeuponhim). Anothernarrationreads: Ifanyoneresortstoa
divinerorasoothsayerandbelievesinwhathesays,thenhedisbelievesinwhatwasrevealedtoMuhammad(peacebeuponhim).

TheiractsincludingsupplicatingandseekinghelpfromanythingotherthanAllah,theirclaimsthattheir
ancestorsmanagetheuniverse,treatthesickorrespondtothesupplicationswhiletheyaredeadorabsent,
areregardedasdisbeliefandmajorShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship).Itis
obligatorytoresistthem,nottovisitthemorseektheirhelp,andnottobelievethem.Theymanifestthe
characteristicsofsoothsayers,charlatans,andMushriks(thosewhoassociateotherswithAllahinHisDivinity
orworship)whoworship,seekandaskotherthanAllahforhelp.TheymayasktheJinnandthedeadand
otherpeopletowhomtheyclaimtobetheirancestorsorotherstheyclaimtheyarepiousorperform
Karamah(anextraordinaryeventperformedbyapiousperson).Theseactsaredonebysoothsayersand
charlatansandarecondemnedinthepurifiedShari`ah.

Withregardtotheirstabbingthemselvesandcuttingtheirtongues,thesearemagictricksusedtodelude
people.TextsoftheQur'anandSunnahprohibitandwarnpeopleagainsttheuseofmagic.Thewiseshould
notbedeceivedbythisandregarditasthesamemagicmentionedbyAllahconcerningthemagicians
employedbyPharaoh theirsticks,bytheirmagic,appearedtohimasthoughtheymovedfast.

Thosepeoplecommitvariousforbiddenacts.TheypracticeSihr(sorcery),fortunetelling,charlatanism,and
majorShirkseekhelpfromotherthanAllahandclaimtheycanmanagetheuniverse.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:278)

TheseactsleadthemtomajorShirkandabsoluteKufr(disbelief).Evenworse,theyclaimtheyknowthe
unseen,whichnooneknowsbutAllah,Whostates: Say:NoneintheheavensandtheearthknowstheGhaib(Unseen)
exceptAllh

EveryMuslimwhoisawareoftheiractsmustcondemnandresistthemandexplaintopeoplethattheseacts
areevilandforbidden.Theymustalsoreporttheiractstotherulersortheauthorities,iftheyareinIslamic
countries.TheyaretobepunishedaccordingtoShari`ah(Islamiclaw)toendtheirevilandprotectMuslims
fromtheirfalsehoodanddeceit.

MayAllahgrantsuccess!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:279)

Slaughteringcows,hopingforrain

Q:BeforethetrueIslamicCallspreadintheKingdomafterthereignofAlSa`ud,somepeople
inourvillageusedtotakecows,drivethemaroundmountainsandvalleysandthenslaughter
oneofthem.Theywoulddothisasawayofaskingforrain.Isthispracticepermissible?

A : ThispracticehasnorootinShari`ah(Islamiclaw)rather,itisarejectedBid`ah(innovationinIslam),
fortheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andtheSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet)didnotdoit.When
thereisdrought,theSunnah(supererogatoryactofworshipfollowingtheexampleoftheProphet)isto
invokeAllahduringtheKhutbah(sermon)ofFridayPrayeror`Eid(theFestival)Prayerortogoouttothe
desertandofferSalatu lIstisqa'(Prayerforrain),invokingAllahandsupplicatingtohimforrain.The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)diditandsodidtheSahabah.MuslimsmustofferTawbah(repentanceto
Allah)fortheirsins,astheyarethesourceofallevilsinthisworldandintheHereafter.OfferingTawbah
andholdingfasttotheTrutharethesourceofallgoodnessinthisworldandintheHereafter.

Moreover,MuslimscanhelpthepoorandgivethemSadaqah(voluntarycharity).BecauseofSadaqah,Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)doesnotinflictevilonpeople.Itshowsthepeople'ssympathytooneanother
andAllahisMercifultothoseofHisServantswhoshowmercytoothers.ItisconfirmedthattheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said, TheMerciful(i.e.Allah)showsmercytothosewhoshowmercy.ShowmercytothoseonEarthand
theOneWhoisinHeavenwillshowmercytoyou. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)states: Anddonotdomischiefon
theearth,afterithasbeensetinorder,andinvokeHimwithfearandhope.Surely,AllhsMercyis(ever)nearuntothegooddoers.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:280)

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsostates: AndallofyoubegAllhtoforgiveyouall,Obelievers,thatyoumaybesuccessful There


aremanyAyahs(Qur'anicverses)thatconveythisprinciple.

www.ircpk.com

Rulingoncompliments

Q:Sometimes,itisnotadvisabletosaythetruthbuttopayacompliment.Isthisconsidered
lying?A:Thematterrequiresfurtherdiscussion.Forinstance,ifpayingacomplimentwill
resultindenyingarightorconfirmingfalsehood,itisnotpermissible.However,thereisno
harminpayingacomplimentintheformofsomegeneralnicewordsthatdonotresultinany
formoffalsehood,norinvolvegivingfalsetestimonyordenyingsomeone'sright.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:281)

Teachingthedeafmute

Q:Ihaveadeafmutebrother.HedoesnotknowanythingaboutSalah(Prayer),Sawm(Fast),
Zakah(obligatorycharity),ortheteachingsofIslamandtheQur'an.Whatshouldbedonein
thiscase?

A : Thedeafmuteshouldbetaughtbymeansofsignlanguage,iftheyareendowedwitheyesight.Indeed,
theyaretobetaughthowtopraybylettingtheirguardianoranyoneofferSalahinfrontofthemandthen
askthemtodothesame.Assumingthedeafmuteisofsoundmind,hecanbeinformedaboutthetimesof
prayersinthewaytheyunderstandbest,orcanbetaughteachprayeratitsduetime.Moreover,ifthedeaf
muteknowshowtoread,youcanwritetohimabouttheIslamic`Aqidah(creed)andthepillarsofIslam,
explainingthemeaningofthetwoTestimoniesofFaith.Thismethodofwritingcanbeusedtoexplainthe
restofShari`ahrulings.

SomedetailsrelatedtoSalahmustbeexplainedtothedeafmute,suchastherulingsonWudu'(ablution),
Ghusl(ritualbathfollowingmajorimpurity),timesofprayer,pillarsofIslam,obligationsandsupererogatory
actsofSalah,SunnahRatibah(supererogatoryPrayerperformedonaregularbasis),SalatulDuha
(supererogatoryPrayeraftersunrise),Witr(Prayerwithanoddnumberofunits)andotherrulingsnecessary
forthemtoknow.Maythistechniqueofwritingbeuseful!

Oncethedeafmuteistaughtinanysuitableway,andtheyhaveattainedpuberty,theybecomeMukallaf
(personmeetingtheconditionstobeheldlegallyaccountablefortheiractions)andtheyareboundbythe
rulingsofMukallaf.However,ifthedeafmutedoesnotunderstand,thereisnoharmonthem,asinthis
casetheyarenotconsideredtobeMukallaf.ItisconfirmedinaHadithSahih(authentic)thattheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)stated, Therearethree(persons)whoarenotaccountablefortheiractions:aboy/girltillhe/shereaches
puberty,amadpersontilltheycomebacktoreasonandasleepingpersonuntiltheyawake.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:282)

Feelingsinful

Q:Ayoungmansays,"Iamseventeenyearsold.ThankstoAllah,Icarefullyobservethe
religiousobligationsthatAllahordainsonHisSlaves.Idomybesttobeaperfectslaveof
AllahbutIfeelthatIunconsciouslycommitagravesinthatconsignsmetoAllah's
PunishmentandWrath.IfeelthatIamlikethemanhitbyanarrowinthebattleofKhaybar.
Uponseeingso,theMuslimssaid,"MayheenjoyParadise!"Then,theProphet(peacebeupon
him)said, Never,bytheOneinWhoseHandismyself,thesheet(ofcloth)whichhehadtaken(illegally)onthedayofKhaybar
fromthebootybeforethedistributionofthebooty,wouldbecomeaflameofFireburninghim." Tosummarize,Icommit
asinthatIdonotknowof.WhatshouldIdoregardingthisfeeling?Idonotknowwhetherit
isaproofofrighteousnessandpietyoranythingelse.Please,advise.

A : A:Infact,thisisanindicationofthestrongfearyouhaveofAllah(mayHebeglorified)andthatyou
glorifyHisProhibitions.Thus,youaregood,ifAllahwills.Irecommendyoutogetridofthisunjustified
fear,foritisunhealthyandSatanic.Ittroubles,frustrates,andangersyou.Itisasatanicinsinuation.When
hefindsyoulovinggoodness,fearingAllah,andundertakinggooddeeds,hetriestointerruptyou.You
shoulddisobeythisinsinuationandrejectit.HavefaithinyourLordandknowthatreturningtoAllahin
repentanceissufficientevenifthesinisthemostgrievous.Allah'sForgivenessisfaraboveanysin,no
matterhowgreatitis!Nodoubt,thereisnosingreaterthanShirk(ascribingpartnerstoAllah),whichAllah
forgivesifoneshowsrepentanceofit.Allyouareaskedforisofferingrepentanceofthesinsyouhave
committedandafterthatthereisnothingmore.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)said,

(PartNo:5,PageNo:283)

Saytothosewhohavedisbelieved,iftheycease(fromdisbelief),theirpastwillbeforgiven. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)alsosays: AndallofyoubegAllhtoforgiveyouall,Obelievers,thatyoumaybesuccessful IntheseversesAllah
hingesforgivenessandsuccessonrepentance.He(mayHebeExaltedandGlorified)said, Say:"OIbd(My
slaves)whohavetransgressedagainstthemselves(bycommittingevildeedsandsins)!DespairnotoftheMercyofAllh:verily,Allh
forgivesallsins.TrulyHeisOftForgiving,MostMerciful.

Scholars(mayAllahbemercifultothem)agreedthatthisversewasrevealedconcerningthepenitents.You
havetorepenttoAllah(mayHebePraised)fromwhatyouknowordonotknowofthesinsyoucommitted
byregrettingyourpastsins,givingupdisobedience,anddeterminingsincerelynottoreturntoitagain.One
shoulddosohopingforAllah'sreward,glorifyingHim,seekingHisPleasure,andavoidingHisPunishment.
Havegladtidingswithgoodandgoodconsequences,whichAllahpromisedthepenitentsandalways
rememberAllah'sSaying, Andverily,Iamindeedforgivingtohimwhorepents,believes(inMyOneness,andassociatesnone
inworshipwithMe)anddoesrighteousgooddeeds,andthenremainsconstantindoingthem,(tillhisdeath).

ThereisanotherAyah(Qur'anicVerse),whichismoreindicativeofthismeaningforitstatesthatAllah
replacesbaddeedswithgooddeeds,ifthesinnerreturnstoAllahinrepentanceandfollowsitwithfaithand
gooddeeds.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)saidinSurahAlFurqan, Andthosewhoinvokenotanyotherilh(god)alongwith
Allh,norkillsuchpersonasAllhhasforbidden,exceptforjustcause,norcommitillegalsexualintercourseandwhoeverdoesthis
shallreceivethepunishment. ThetormentwillbedoubledtohimontheDayofResurrection,andhewillabidethereinindisgrace
Exceptthosewhorepentandbelieve(inIslmicMonotheism),anddorighteousdeedsforthose,Allhwillchangetheirsinsinto
AllahstatesthatHereplacestheirmisdeedswithgoodones
gooddeeds,andAllhisOftForgiving,MostMerciful.
owingtotheirsincererepentance,faith,andgooddeeds.Asforyou,youradmittanceofthesinwhichwas
followedbyreturningtoAllahinrepentance,continuingofferingrighteousdeeds,

(PartNo:5,PageNo:284)

havingfaithandbelievinginAllahandhopingforHisrewardwillincludeyouamongthosewhomAllah
replacestheirwrongdoingswithgoodones.ThisisAllah'sruleinthematterofsinsifaslaverepentsto
Allahfromhismisdeedsandfollowshiswrongdoingswithfaithandkindacts,Allahwillreplacethesinswith
gooddeedsasakindofgraceandbountyfromHim.PraiseandThankfulnessbetoHimforthat.

www.ircpk.com

ThePoisonPan

Q:SomepeopleinQadirValleyhaveapanmadeofcopper,whichtheycallthe"poisonpan."
Whensomeoneisill,hegoestothepersonwhohasthepan,theyfillitwithwaterandthe
sickdrinksfromit,believingthatthewaterwillcuretheirillness.Thisisespeciallysoifthe
illnessisrelatedtothestomach.Inoticedthatpicturesofscorpions,horses,cats,deer,
donkeys,cobras,foxes,elephants,lions,andpeopleareengravedonthepan.Inoticedsome
otherpicturesthatIdidnotrecognize,butIsawsomeengravednamesandinscriptions,such
astheword'martyr'andothers.IwouldlikeYourHonortoadvisepeopleonthismatter.

A:Usingthepanthatthequestionerdescribedisanabominableactandthepicturesonitthat
weredescribedstrengthenthisjudgment.Wedonotknowofanypan,whetheritismadeof
iron,copper,gold,orsilver,thatcuresabdominalillnesses.Thisisjustafalseclaimmadeby
theownerofthepan.ItappearsandAllahknowsbestthatheconsultstheJinn(creatures
createdfromfire)orusescharlatanryclaimingthatitholdsacureinordertofraudulently
takemoneyfrompeople

(PartNo:5,PageNo:285)

andmakethemthinkhecancurethem.Thispanmustbeconfiscated,destroyed,andthe
ownermustbepunished.Itisthedutyoftheauthoritiestodothis.Whoeverlearnsofthis
charlatanryshouldreferthemattertotheconcernedauthoritiesinordertotakenecessary
procedures.WeshouldnotoverlooktheownerofthispanforhisactionisMunkar(thatwhich
isunacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)andnot
permissibleundertheShari`ah(Islamiclaw).Itistheresponsibilityofthequestionerand
otherMuslimswhoknowaboutthismattertoreportittotheauthorities.Youshoulddothis
toridyourtownofthisabominablepracticeandbringthisgreateviltoanend,InShaaAllah
(ifAllahwills).

www.ircpk.com

RulingonStayingattheGrave

Q:Thereisarighteousmaninourvillagewhenhedied,theybuiltashrineoverhisgrave.We
haveacustomtogovisithimeveryyear,bothmenandwomen,andstaythereforthreedays
duringwhichwepraiseAllah,sayTahlil(LailahaillaAllah[ThereisnogodexceptAllah])
andAdhkar(supplications).Wehopefromthevenerableshaykhtoofferusguidanceand
directiononthisissue.

A : Theseactivitiesarenotpermissible.Infact,theyareBidahs(rejectedinnovationsin
religion)thathavebeencreatedbypeople.Itisnotpermissibletobuildanythingabovethe
gravesregardlessofwhethertheyarecalledshrines,domes,Masjid(mosque),oranything
else.DuringthetimeoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andtheCompanions,thegravesin
A lBaqi`wereuncoveredtheydidnothaveanybuildingsoverthem.TheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)prohibitedbuildingovergravesorplasteringgraves.He(peacebeuponhim)said:
AllahcursedtheJewsandChristianstheymadethegravesoftheirprophetsplacesofworship. (AgreeduponbyImams
A lBukhariandMuslim).Jabiribn AbdullahAlAnsary(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)said: The
MessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)forbadeplasteringgraves,sittingonthemandbuildingoverthem. (Reportedby
ImamMusliminhisSahih).

Buildingover,plastering,

(PartNo:5,PageNo:286)

ordecoratingandscreeninggravesisMunkar(unacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclaw
andMuslimsofsoundintellect).TheyaremeanstoShirk(associatingothersinworshipwith
Allah).Itisnotpermissibletobuilddomes,screens,orMasjidsoverthegraves.Likewise,
visitinggravesinthemannermentionedbythequestioner:sittingbythem,sayingTahlil,
eatingfood,wipingthegrave,supplicating,orofferingSalah(Prayer)byagrave,areall
MunkartheyareallBidahsthatareimpermissible.Whatislawfulistovisitgraves,
supplicatetoAllahforthedead,andleave.

Whenvisitingthegraves,oneshouldsay: Peacebeuponyou,inhabitantsoftheabodes,
believersandMuslims.IfAllahwills,wewilljoinyou.WeaskAllahforwellbeingfor
ourselvesandforyou.MayAllahhavemercyuponthosewhohavegoneaheadofus,and
thosewhocomelateron! Thereareothersimilarsupplications.Thisiswhatislawful,as
taughtbytheProphet(peacebeuponhim)tohisSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet).

ItisreportedbyAlTirmidhyontheauthorityofIbn`Abbas(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)thathe
said:TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)passedbythegravesoftheMadinahandsaid: Peacebe
uponyou,Oinhabitantsofthegraves!MayAllahforgiveusandyou.Youhaveprecededusandwearetofollow. However,
staying,eating,drinking,sayingTahlil,offeringSalah,orrecitingtheQuranatthegraves,all
thesethingsareMunkarthathavenobasisinthepurifiedShari`ah.Asforinvokingthedead,
appealingtohim,andseekingsupportfromhim,thisisconsideredmajorShirk(associating
othersinworshipwithAllah).ItislikeworshippingtheidolsofAlLat,Al`Uzza,Manat,and
otheridolsofJahiliyyah(preIslamictimeofignorance)atthetimeoftheProphet(peacebe
uponhim).

Itisobligatory,therefore,tobewareofthesethingsandtowarnpeopleagainstdoingthem
andenlighteningthemabouttheirreligioninordertoavoidthisabominablekindofShirk.
ThisisthedutyofthescholarswhomAllahgrantedcomprehensionofreligionandknowledge
ofwhatAllahsentthemessengerswith.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Invite(mankind,OMuhammad
)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfair
preaching,andarguewiththeminawaythatisbetter. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Andverily,Wehavesent
amongeveryUmmah(community,nation)aMessenger(proclaiming):WorshipAllh(Alone),andavoid(orkeepawayfrom)Tght
(allfalsedeitiesi.e.donotworshipTghtbesidesAllh). Allah

(PartNo:5,PageNo:287)

(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Andwhoisbetterinspeechthanhewho[says:"MyLordisAllh(believesinHisOneness),"
andthenstandsfirm(actsuponHisOrder),and]invites(men)toAllhs(IslmicMonotheism),anddoesrighteousdeeds,andsays:"I
amoneoftheMuslims." Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Say(OMuhammad):"Thisismyway
IinviteuntoAllh(i.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)withsureknowledge,Iandwhosoeverfollowsme(alsomust
inviteotherstoAllhi.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheismwithsureknowledge).AndGlorifiedandExaltedbeAllh
(aboveallthattheyassociateaspartnerswithHim).AndIamnotoftheMushrikn(polytheists,pagans,idolatersanddisbelieversin
theOnenessofAllhthosewhoworshipothersalongwithAllhorsetuprivalsorpartnerstoAllh)." Therearemany
otherAyahs(Qur'anicverses)tothesameeffect.

WhentheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)sentMu`adhtoYemen,hesaidtohim:YouwillgotothepeopleoftheBook.
Firstofall,invitethemtotestifythatthereisnodeitybutAllahandthatMuhammadistheMessengerofAllah. Accordingto www.ircpk.com
anothernarrationofAlBukhari(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim): InvitethemtoworshipAllahalone.Ifthey
acceptthis,thentellthemthatAllahhasenjoinedfiveprayersineverydayandnightuponthem.Iftheyacceptthis,tellthemthat
Allahhasobligedthemwithpayingcharitytakenfromtherichanddistributedamongthepoor.Iftheyobeythis,thendonottakefor
charitythefinethingsamongtheirproperties.Bewareofinjustice,forthereisnobarrierbetweenthesupplicationofanwronged
personandAllahi.e.itisdefinitelyanswered. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim).He(peace
beuponhim)orderedhimtofirstcallthemtoTawhid(beliefintheOnenessof
Allah/monotheism)andtobefreeofShirk,alongwithbelievingintheMessenger(peacebe
uponhim)andwitnessingthatheconveyedtheMessage.

Accordingly,itisknownthatcallingforreformingthe`Aqidah(creed)isgivenpriorityover
otherrulingssincethe`Aqidahisthebasisofallrulings.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
says: ButiftheyhadjoinedinworshipotherswithAllh,allthattheyusedtodowouldhavebeenofnobenefittothem. Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Andindeedithasbeenrevealedtoyou(OMuhammad),asitwasto
those(AllhsMessengers)beforeyou:"IfyoujoinothersinworshipwithAllh,(then)surely(all)yourdeedswillbeinvain,andyou
willcertainlybeamongthelosers." TherearemanyotherAyahstothiseffect.

Scholarseverywhereandeverytimeshoulddotheirbest

(PartNo:5,PageNo:288)

toenlightenpeopleabouttherealityofIslamandtoclarifythetrue`AqidahwithwhichAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)sentdownallthemessengers(peacebeuponthem),atthetopofthemtheir
seal,ProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim).MayAllahguideMuslimscholarsandlaypeople
towhateverpleasesHim.HeisthebestOneaskedforhelp.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:289)

Du`a'inCaseofFearandShyness

Q:Iameighteenyearsold.Ifeelafraidandshyandcannotsitwithpeople.Ineedyour
guidance.ArethereanykindsofDu`a'(supplication)totreatthissituationthattroublesmea
lot?

A : ThismaybefromSatan,soyoushouldseekrefugewithAllah(ExaltedbeHe)fromSatan.
Youshouldfeelthatyouareamanandthatthereisnocauseforfearorshyness.Youcould
saysomesupplicationssuchasIseekrefugeinthePerfectWordsofAllahfromtheevilof
whatHehascreated, threetimesinthemorningandevening.Youcouldalsosay"Inthe
NameofAllah,withWhoseNamenothingonearthorintheheavencancauseharm,andHeis
t h e A l l H e a r i n g , t h e A l l Knowing,"threetimesinthemorningandevening.These
supplicationscouldbeameansofsavingyoufromeveryevilasstatedinmanyauthentic
HadithreportedfromtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim).

ItisalsousefultoreciteAyatulKursy(theQuranicVerseofAllahsChair,SurahAlBaqarah,
2:255)andthelasttwoQur'anicAyahsofSurahAlBaqaraheverynight,fromHisSaying, The
Messenger(Muhammad)believesinwhathasbeensentdowntohimfromhisLord,and(sodo)thebelievers.
tilltheendoftheSurah,alongwithrecitingSurahAlIkhlas Say(OMuhammad):"He
andAlMu`awwidhatayn(SurahsAlFalaq[Surahnumber113]andAlNas
isAllh,(the)One.
[Surahnumber114])aftereachoftheFiveObligatoryDailyPrayersonceaftertheZhuhr
(Noon)Prayer,`Asr(Afternoon)Prayerand`Isha'(Night)Prayerandthreetimesafterthe
Maghrib(Sunset)PrayerandtheFajr(Dawn)Prayer.AlltheseDu`a'willhelpovercomefears
andhelpyoutoobtainpeaceofmind.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:290)

Rulingonshavingthehairofthecheeksandthechin

Q:Whatistherulingonshavingthehairofthecheeksandlettingthatofthechingrow?

A : Accordingtolinguists,thebeardisthehairthatgrowsonthecheeksandchin.TheMuslimshouldnot
shavehischeeks.Heshouldletthemgrowalongwiththechin.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Trim
closelythemustache,andletthebeardgrowtobecontradictorytotheunbelievers. (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariand
Muslim)TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: Trimcloselythemustache,andlet
thebeardgrowtobecontradictorytotheunbelievers. (RelatedbyAlBukhariintheSahih).ItisreportedthatIbn`Umar
(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)said:TheMessenger(peacebeuponhim) Orderedustotrimmustachesandlet
thebeardsgrow. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim).ItisrelatedbyMuslimintheSahihonthe
authorityofAbuHurayrah(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Trim
closelythemustache,andgrowbeard,andthusactagainsttheMagi.

ThebelieversshouldletthebeardgrowandcutthemustacheasourProphetMuhammad(peacebeupon
him)orderedus.ThisinvolvesgreatgoodnessbesidesrevivingtheSunnah(whateverisreportedfromthe
Prophet)andabidingbyhisorders.Thisalsoentailsavoidingresemblancetotheunbelieversandwomen.
TheMu'min(believer)shouldnotbedeceivedbythemultitudeofmenwhoshavetheirbeardsandshould
notimitatethemfortheycontradictthepurifiedShar`(Law)andtheorderoftheMessenger(peacebeupon
him)whomAllahsentasaguide,abearerofgladtidings,andawarner.Inhisrespect,Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)says: AndwhatsoevertheMessenger(Muhammad)givesyou,takeitandwhatsoeverhe
forbidsyou,abstain(fromit). TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays:

(PartNo:5,PageNo:291)

AndletthosewhoopposetheMessengers(Muhammad)commandment(i.e.hisSunnahlegalways,orders,
actsofworship,statements)(amongthesects)beware,lestsomeFitnah(disbelief,trials,afflictions,earthquakes,killing,
overpoweredbyatyrant)shouldbefallthemorapainfultormentbeinflictedonthem. TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceand
Blessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: andwhosoeverobeysAllhandHisMessenger(Muhammad)willbe
admittedtoGardensunderwhichriversflow(inParadise),toabidetherein,andthatwillbethegreatsuccess. Andwhosoever
disobeysAllhandHisMessenger(Muhammad),andtransgressesHislimits,HewillcasthimintotheFire,to
abidethereinandheshallhaveadisgracefultorment. TherearemanyotherAyahs(Qur'anicverses)thaturgepeople
toobeyAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)andwarnagainstdisobeyingAllah
andHisMessenger.AllahistheGrantorofsuccess.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:292)

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FalsehoodCallersBotheringKnowledgeableandBeneficentPeople

Q:AsYourEminencepresentedandmanyMuslimbrothersmaysharemethisunderstanding
onlythecallersoffalsehoodshouldbeprevented,notthecallersofAlHaqq(Truth)from
whompeoplecouldbenefitinthefieldofDa`wah(callingtoIslam).

A : Undoubtedly,itisobligatorytopreventthosewhocalltofalsehoodandtroublethepeople
ofgoodnessandrighteousnesstotheextentthattheymaybedeniedaccesstoMasjids
(mosques)andconsequentlymanyothersmaybedeniedaccessaswell.Ifthepeopleof
falsehoodaredeterred,thewaywillbewideopenforthecallersforAlHaqq.

Rulersshouldstandagainstthepeopleoffalsehoodtopreventthemfromspreadingtheirevil
byallpossiblemeans,whethertheyareCommunists,idolaters,Christians,innovators,or
ignorantoftherulingofthepurifiedShar`(Law).TheMuslimrulersshouldpreventthe
abovementionedpeopleoffalsehoodfromspreadingtheirevilandshouldsupportthecallers
forAlHaqqwhocallpeopletoabidebytheBookofAllahandtheSunnah(whateveris
reportedfromtheProphet)andenlightenthemabouttheobligationsAllahsetuponthemand
theprohibitedactsoutofknowledgeandpointouttothemtheRightofAllah,peopleand
rulersandMuslim'srighttowardshisfellowMuslims.ItisthecallersforAlHaqqwhoshould
behelped.Then,whoevergoesastrayandcallsforsomethingagainsttheShar`shouldbe
deterredwhereverheis.

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Refrainingfromappearinginthemedia

Q:YouhavecalledformakinguseofmassmediaforthesakeofspreadingDa`wah(callingto
Islam)andguidance,permittingappearanceinmedia,whichincludeTaswir(photography).
However,someDu`ah(callerstoIslam)stillrefrainfromappearinginsuchphotography
basedmedia.Whatisyouropinionregardingthismatter?

A : Undoubtedly,itisoneofthegreatestdutiestoemploymassmediaincallingtoAlHaqq
(theTruth),spreadingtherulingsof

(PartNo:5,PageNo:293)

Shari`ah(Islamiclaw),exposingShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityor
worship)anditsmeans,andwarningagainsteverythingwhichAllahhasforbidden.Infact,
thisisoneofthemostimportantdutiesandoneofthegreatblessingswhichAllahbestowson
thosewhoemploythesemeansforthegoodandinmakingupforanydeficiencyintheirIman
(Faith).

Definitely,somescholarsrefrainfromappearingontelevisionbecauseoftheHadithSahih
(authenticHadith),whichstresstheprohibitionofTaswirandcurseMusawwirs(thosewho
makephotographsoflivingbeings).

Ontheotherhand,someotherscholarsbelievethatthereisnoobjectiontoappearon
televisionsolongasitisforthepurposeofcallingtoAlHaqq,spreadingtherulingsofIslam,
andrefutingthecallerstofalsehood.ThisbeliefisbasedontheShari`ahbasedprinciple
statingthatitispermissibletocommitthelesseroftwoevilstowardoffthegreaterevilin
thecasewhereitisnotpossibletoavoidbothevils,asitispermissibletobringaboutthe
greateroftwointerestsbysacrificingtheleastofthem,ifbothofthemcannotbebrought
about.

Thesameappliestothecaseoftherebeingmanyevilsandinterests.Ifitisnotpossibleto
wardoffallevils,rulersandscholarsmustexertthemselvestowardoffthegreatestandmost
sinfulevil.Likewise,theyarerequiredtotryhardtobringaboutthegreatestinterest,ifthey
areunabletobringaboutallinterests.Therearealotofexamplesandevidencesfromthe
Qur'anandSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet)oneofthemisthefollowing
Ayah(Qur'anicverse): Andinsultnotthosewhomthey(disbelievers)worshipbesidesAllh,lesttheyinsultAllhwrongfully
withoutknowledge. AnotherevidenceistheSahihHadithinwhichtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
saidto`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher): IfyourpeoplehadnotbeenrecentconvertstoIslam,Iwouldhave
destroyedAlKa`bahandrebuiltitontheoriginalfoundationlaidbyIbrahim. (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariand
Muslim)

Thus,itistobeknownthattherulingonappearingontelevisionforthesakeofcallingto
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)andspreading

(PartNo:5,PageNo:294)

A lHaqqdiffersaccordingtothepeople'sknowledge,deepinsight,andtheirconsiderationof
theconsequencesofthisact.WhoeverAllahhasopenedtheirhearttothismatterandgranted
themgoodknowledgeandtheyagreetoappearontelevisionforthesakeofspreadingAl
HaqqandconveyingAllah'smessages,thereisnoblameonthemandtheywillberewardedby
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe).Whoeverfeelsuncertainaboutthis,wehopethattheywillbeexcused
becausetheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated: Leavewhatcausesyoudoubtandturntowhatdoesnotcause
youdoubt. He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: Pietyisthatwhichcontentsthesoulandcomfortstheheart. There
i s nodoubtthatscholarsappearingontelevisionisoneofthegreatestmeanstospreadIslam
andrefutethecallersandfollowersoffalsehoodbecausemostpeoplewatchtelevision,
whethertheyaremales,females,Muslims,ordisbelievers.Also,byseeingthepictureofa
personknownforcallingtoAlHaqqontelevision,thefollowersofAlHaqqwillfeelassured
andbenefitfromwhattheywatch.Moreover,thisisameanstoresistingthefollowersof
falsehoodandbearingdownonthem.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)states: Asforthosewho
strivehardinUs(OurCause),WewillsurelyguidethemtoOurPaths(i.e.AllhsreligionIslmicMonotheism).Andverily,Allhis
withtheMuhsinn(gooddoers)." Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Invite(mankind,OMuhammad
)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andargue
withtheminawaythatisbetter. He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsostates: Andwhoisbetterinspeechthanhewho[says:"My
LordisAllh(believesinHisOneness),"andthenstandsfirm(actsuponHisOrder),and]invites(men)toAllhs(Islmic
Monotheism),anddoesrighteousdeeds,andsays:"IamoneoftheMuslims." TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
stated: Onewhoguidestosomethinggoodhasarewardsimilartothatofitsdoer. TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeace
andBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: Ifanyonecallsotherstofollowrightguidance,theirrewardwillbeequivalent
tothosewhofollowthem(inrighteousness)withouttheirrewardbeingdiminishedinanyrespect,andifanyoneinvitesothersto
followerror,thesinwillbeequivalenttothatofthepeoplewhofollowthem(insinfulness)withouttheirsinsbeingdiminishedinany www.ircpk.com
respect. (BothHaditharerelatedbyMusliminhisSahihBookofHadith)

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidtoAmirAlMuminin(CommanderoftheBelievers)`Ali
ibnAbuTalib(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)whenhesenthimtocalltheJewsofKhaybartoIslam:
InvitethemtoIslamandinformthemoftherightswhichAllahhasordaineduponthem.ByAllah!IfasinglepersonembracesIslamat
yourhands(i.e.throughyou),thatwillbebetterforyouthan(possessing)redcamels. (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariand
Muslim)

(PartNo:5,PageNo:295)

TheseAyahsandSahihHadithareallapplicabletocallingtoAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)via
modernmassmediaandothermeansofcommunication,suchasthroughlectures,compiling
books,publishingtreatises,callingtoAllahthroughthephone,inadditiontoothermeansof
conveyingAlHaqqthatmaybeusedbywhomeverAllahhasgrantedsincereintentionand
usefulknowledgeandhasguidedtoworkinginaccordancetoit.Itisauthenticallyreported
fromtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)thathestated: Therewardofdeedsdependsuponthe
intentionsandeverypersonwillgettherewardaccordingtowhattheyhaveintended. (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariand
Muslim)TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: Verily,Allahdoesnot
looktoyourfacesandyourwealthbutHelookstoyourheartanddeeds. (RelatedbyMusliminHisSahihBookof
Hadith).

IaskAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)toguideMuslimscholarsandrulerstothebestthat
benefitsthepeopleandthecountry.Indeed,HealoneisAbletodoso.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:296)

TheTrue`Aqidah

Thisletterisfrom`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaztothehonorablebrother,Mr.A.Z.(mayAllahguidehimto
allgoodness,Amen).

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

IreceivedyourletterinwhichyouinquireabouttheTrue`Aqidah(creed).LetmetellyouthattheTrue
`AqidahisembeddedintheQur'anandSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet,peacebeupon
him).Therefore,IadviseyoutoreciteandmemorizeasmuchasyoucanfromtheQur'anandtomemorize
someoftheHadithSahih(authenticHadith)suchas"AlArba`inAlNawawiyyah(TheFortyNawawy
Hadith)"withtheadditionsofIbnRajaband"`UmdatAlHadith"byAlHafizh`AbdulGhanyibn`AbdulWahid
A lMaqdisi.TrytoreadalotintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)
whetherbyyourselforwiththeaidofrighteousMuslims.

Inaddition,readthebooksofSheikhAlIslamIbnTaymiyyahsuchas"Al`AqidahAlWasitiyyah","Al
Hamawiyyah"and"AlTadmuriyyah".Inthem,SheikhAlIslam(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)explained
the`AqidahofAhlulSunnahwalJama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody)and
refutedtheallegationsoftheirenemies.Ialsothinkitwouldbeusefultoread"KitabAlTawhid(TheBookof
Monotheism)"bySheikhMuhammadIbn`AbdulWahhab(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)andhis"KashfAl
Shubuhat(RemovalofDoubts".Bothareveryusefulbooks.

Aboveall,IadviseyoutosupplicatetoAllahandaskHimtoguideyoutoHisRightPath,tograntyou
understandingofHisWayandtograntyouRefugefromtheevilwhispersofSatanandfromcallersto
falsehood.

Moreover,trytoaskAllahtoopenyouhearttogoodnessandtoaidyoutorecitetheQur'anoften,
memorizeitandmemorizemanyHadith.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)states: InvokeMe,[i.e.believeinMyOneness
(IslmicMonotheism)andaskMeforanything]Iwillrespondtoyour(invocation). Dearbrother!

(PartNo:5,PageNo:297)

ObeyAllahandbewareofcommittingsins!ItisrelatedthatAlShafi`(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)once
said:

IcomplainedtoWaki`thatI soheadvisedmetoabstain
cannotmemorizewell fromsinning
Hesaid:Knowthatknowledge andAllah'sLightcanneverbe
islight grantedtoasinner

IaskAllahtocorrectourintentionsanddeeds,forHeistheBestOnetobeasked!

Finally,IwouldliketoadviseyoutojointheIslamicUniversityofMadinah,foritadherestoSalafiyyah
teachings(thosefollowingthewayoftherighteouspredecessors)andteachesitsstudentsthe`Aqidahof
A h lu lSunnahwalJama`ah.MayAllaheasethingsforyouandguideusalltobeneficialknowledgeand
followingit,forHeisAllHearingandResponsive.Peacebeuponyou!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:298)

QuestionsandAnswerson`Aqidah

Q1:AsBedouins,someofourwomenwearclothesthatcovertheir`Awrah(privatepartsof
thebodythatmustbecoveredinpublic)butareabitshortortight.Whatisyouradviceto
them?

A : ItisknownthatwomenmustcoverupandavoidTabarruj(womendressedimmodestlyin
violationoftheIslamicdresscode)anddisplayoftheirbeauty.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)states: Andstayinyourhouses,anddonotdisplayyourselveslikethatofthetimesofignorance Exegetesstate
thatTabarrujsignifiesthedisplayofbeautyandadornment.Thus,itisthedutyofwomento
observeHijab(veil)andabstainfromadorningthemselvesinthepresenceofmen,whoare
notMahram(spouseorunmarriageablerelative).Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)statesin
SurahAlAhzab: Andwhenyouask(hiswives)foranythingyouwant,askthemfrombehindascreen:thatispurerforyour
heartsandfortheirhearts. ItispurerforboththeirheartsifwomenobserveHijabsoasnottolead
othersorbeledtoFitnah(temptation).

Moreover,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)statesinSurahAlNur: andnottorevealtheiradornment
excepttotheirhusbands,ortheirfathers,ortheirhusbandsfathers AllahalsosaysinSurahAlAhzab: OProphet!
Tellyourwivesandyourdaughtersandthewomenofthebelieverstodrawtheircloaks(veils)allovertheirbodies(i.e.screen
themselvescompletelyexcepttheeyesoroneeyetoseetheway).Thatwillbebetter,thattheyshouldbeknown(asfreerespectable
women)soasnottobeannoyed.AndAllhisEverOftForgiving,MostMerciful.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:299)

ThecloakmentionedinthepreviousAyah(Qur'anicverse)isalooseoutergarmentcoveringa
woman'sbodyandheadwornovertheregularclothestoprovidemoreconcealmentand
preventanyFitnah.Thatishowwomenshoulddress,whethertheyareBedouinsorurbanites
toabidebytheteachingsofIslam.Theyshouldbekeenoncoveringtheir`Awrahandon
choosingsuitableclothesthatarenottootightandthusdefinetheirfigure,ortoolooseand
thusexposetheir`Awrah.Further,itisbestforwomentowearclothesthatcoverthehead,
face,andhandsinthepresenceofanAjnaby(manlawfulforthewomantomarry),evenifhe
isacousin,brotheri nlaw,orthelike.Similarly,duringprayer,awomanistocoverallher
bodywiththeexceptionofherface,foritisSunnah(acommendableact)touncovertheface
solongastherearenoAjnabymenaroundher.

Asforthetwohands,thereisnoharminuncoveringthemalthoughcoveringthemis
preferable.Duringprayer,thefeetshouldbecoveredaccordingtothemajorityofscholarsand
itisnotpermissibletoexposethem.Awomancancoverthemwithhergarmentorbywearing
socks.

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Q2:Manymenandwomenarefondofsongs,whatistherulingonlisteningtosongs?Please,
advise!

A : IadviseMuslimmenandwomentoabstainfromlisteningtosongs,fortheyleadtogreat
dangers.Nowadays,songsareeverywhereontheradio,TV,tapesanditisatrialtoMuslims.
So,itisthedutyofMuslimstobewareoftheirevilsandtoaccustomthemselvesinsteadto
listeningtotheQur'an,Hadith,sermons,andlecturesoftrustworthyscholars.Allofthese
thingswillbeusefulinthisworldandintheHereafter.

However,songsleadtogreatevilandmaycorrupt

(PartNo:5,PageNo:300)

themorals.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)states: Andofmankindishewhopurchasesidletalks(i.e.
music,singing,etc.)tomislead(men)fromthePathofAllhwithoutknowledge,andtakesit(thePathofAllh,ortheVersesofthe
Q u rn)bywayofmockery.Forsuchtherewillbeahumiliatingtorment(intheHellfire). AndwhenOurVerses(oftheQurn)are
recitedtosuchaone,heturnsawayinpride,asifheheardthemnotasifthereweredeafnessinhisear.Soannouncetohima
painfultorment.

Themajorityofscholarsinterpret'idletalk'tomeansinging.Whensingingisaccompaniedby
playingmusicalinstrumentssuchasthefluteorthelute,thesinisgreaterduetotheevils
afflictingtheheartsandmorals.Somepeoplemayevenleadothersorbeledtomisguidance,
mockreligion,andturnawayinpridefromlisteningtotheabovementionedAyahsmay
Allahsaveuswarn.

Moreover,listeningtosongsmayleadtohypocrisy,asIbnMas`ud(mayAllahbepleasedwith
him)said,"Singinggrowshypocrisyintheheartjustaswatergrowsplants".

Q3:TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidinaHadith, "Treatwomenkindly,fortheywerecreated
fromacurvedrib,andthemostcurvedpartofaribisitsuppermost..." PleaseexplaintheHadithclarifying
themeaningofthelastsentence.

A : ThisisaHadithSahih(authenticHadith)relatedbyAlBukhariandMuslimintheirSahih
(authentic)booksofHadithontheauthorityofAbuHurayrah(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)who
narratedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated, "Treatwomenkindly,fortheywerecreatedfromarib,
andthemostcurvedpartofaribisitsuppermost.Sotreatwomenkindly." Endofquote.

Itisacommandtohusbands,fathers,brothers,andothermentotreatwomenkindly,benice
tothem,befairtothem,givethemtheirrightsandguidethemtowhatisgood.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:301)

Thisisthedutyofallmen,fortheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated, "Treatwomenkindly." This


doesnotmeanthatwomensometimesmaynotsayordosomethingoffensivetotheir
husbandsorrelatives,fortheywerecreatedfromarib,astheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
statedandthemostcurvedpartofaribisitsuppermost.Itisknownthattheuppermostpart
ofaribisthepartbywhichitisattachedandthispartisalwayscurved.

TheHadithmeansthatwomenwillcertainlyhavetheirshortcomings,andthatiswhyitis
narratedinaHadithrelatedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariand
Muslim)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated, "Ihavenotseenanylackinginabilitytoreasonand
deficiencyinreligionbut(atthesametime)robbingthewisdomofthewise,besidesyou[women]. Thisisthejudgmentof
theProphet(peacebeuponhim)andtheHadithisrelatedintheTwoSahihBooksonthe
authorityofAbuSa`idAlKhudri(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim).Thelackinabilitytoreason,as
explainedbytheProphet(peacebeuponhim),canbeseeninthefactthatthetestimonyof
twowomenisequivalenttothetestimonyofoneman.Thefailinginreligion,asexplainedby
theProphet(peacebeuponhim),canbeseeninthefactthatwomenremainfordaysand
nightswithoutpraying,duetotheirmensesorpostpartumbleeding.Thisistheordainmentof
Allahandwomenwillbearnosinasaresult.

Consequently,awomanhastoacceptthesetwoshortcomingsmentionedbytheProphet
(peacebeuponhim),evenifsheisverywiseandknowledgeable,fortheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)didnotspeakofhisowndesire.ItistherevelationofAllahtohimtoconveytoall
people.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)states: Bythestarwhenitgoesdown(orvanishes). Your
companion(Muhammad)hasneithergoneastraynorhaserred. Nordoeshespeakof(hisown)desire. Itis
onlyaRevelationrevealed.

Q4:Isitpermissibletogetridofdomesticinsectssuchasantsandroacheswithwateror
fire?WhatshouldIdo? www.ircpk.com
A:Iftheseinsectsareharmful,itbecomespermissibletokillthemwithanyinsecticidebutnot
withfire.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated, "Fiveanimalsareharmfulandcanbekilledwhileinthe
stateofIhram(ritualstateforHajjand`Umrah)orotherwise:Acrow,akite,amouse,ascorpion

(PartNo:5,PageNo:302)

andarabiddog." Inanothernarration,he(peacebeuponhim)stated, "...andthesnake."

Thus,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)informedusabouttheseharmfulanimalsandgaveuspermissiontokillthem.Similarly,any
otherharmfulinsectssuchasants,roaches,mosquitoesandthelikecanbekilled,whetherinthestateofIhramornot.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:303)

RulingonDeclaringDissatisfactionWhenInvocationisnotAnswered

Q:WhenAllahdoesnotrespondtomyDu`a'(supplication),Igetangryandspeakbadly,
wrongingmyselfandAllah,bysaying,forexample,"OLord!WhydoYounotrespondtomy
Du`a'?"andsuchstatements.Ihopeyouwouldguidemeregardingthismatter.Ifaperson
feelsthattheirDu`a'isnotanswered,whatshouldtheydo?

AllMuslims,malesandfemales,includingyou,mustbringthemselvestoaccountifthereisa
delayinrespondingtotheirDu`a'.AllahisAllWiseandKnowledgeableandHemaybe
delayingtheresponsetotheirDu`a'becauseofimmensewisdomsothatHisServantswill
increasetheirentreatmentofHim,theirhumblenessbeforeHisGlory,theirpersistencein
askingfortheirneeds,andtheirsubmissiontoHim.Bydoingthis,theywillobtaingreat
benefits,theirheartswillbepurified,andtheywillhastentotheirLord.Thisismore
beneficialthantheirneed.

Also,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)maydelaytheresponsetoyourDu`a'becauseof
yoursins,suchashavingillgottengains,beingundutifultoyourparents,orcommittingother
kindsofevildeeds.Therefore,apersonmakingDu`a'mustjudgetheirdeedsandhastento
makeTawbah(repentance),hopingthatAllahwillaccepttheirTawbahandanswertheir
Du`a'.

AllahmaydelaytheresponsetoDu`a'forotherwisdomsonlyknownbyAllah(Glorifiedbe
He),asstatedinthefollowingSahih(authentic)Hadith: NoServantsupplicatestoAllahwithaDu`a'thatis
freefromsinandfromthatwhichseverstiesofkinshipbutthatAllahwillgivethemoneofthreethings:adirectresponsetotheir
Du`a',theirDu`a'maybesavedforthemin

(PartNo:5,PageNo:304)

theHereafter,ortheymaybesavedfromakindoftroubleequaltoit(totheireffortinDu`a').They(theCompanions)said:Thenwe
shallincreaseoursupplication,OMessengerofAllah?He(peacebeuponhim)said:Allahismoreplentiful(inresponding).

Thus,ifthereisadelayinrespondingtoyourDu`a',donotblameyourLordandsay,forexample,"WhyLord?"Rather,youmust
judgeyourdeedsandbringyourselftoaccount.Verily,yourLordisAllWiseandKnowledgeable.

Lookatyourself,fortheremaybesinsthatdelaytheanswertoyourDu`a'andtheresponsemaybedelayedforanotherreason
whichis,definitely,betterforyou.

ItisnotpermissibleforyoutoblameyourLordandspeakofHiminappropriately.Rather,youmustblameyourselfandexamineyour
deedsandbehaviortofixthemandobeyyourLord'sCommandsbyavoidingHisProhibitionsandnottransgressingHisLimits.

BearinmindthatAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)maydelayHisresponsetoyourDu`a'foralongperiod,asHedelayedtheresponsetothe
Du`a'ofYa`qub,concerningthereturnofhissonYusuf,anddelayedtheresponsetotheDu`a'ofAyyub(peacebeuponhim)tocure
himalthoughbothofthemwerehonorableprophets.

AllahmaygivethepersonwhosupplicatestoHimsomethingbetterthanwhattheyaskfor.Likewise,Hemaysavethemfromakindof
troublebetterthanwhattheyaskfor,asstatedintheHadithreportedfromtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)whosaid:
NoServantsupplicatestoAllahwithaDu`a'thatisfreefromsinandfromthatwhichseverstiesofkinshipbutthatAllahwillgive
themoneofthreethings:adirectresponsetotheirDu`a',theirDu`a'maybesavedforthemintheHereafter,ortheymaybesaved
fromakindoftroubleequaltoit(totheireffortinDu`a').They(theCompanions)said:Thenweshallincreaseoursupplication,O
MessengerofAllah?He(peacebeuponhim)said:Allahismoreplentiful(inresponding).

Thus,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)statedinthisHadiththatAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)maydelayresponseuntiltheHereafterand
mayrespondtotheDu`a'intheworldforanimmensewisdombecausethisismorebeneficialforHisServant.Allahmayalsodelayit
tosavethemfromaseriousevilandthiswillbebetterthanrespondingtotheirDu`a'.

YoumustthinkgoodofAllahandpersistinyourDu`a',for

(PartNo:5,PageNo:305)

thiswillbringyoumuchgood.Youshouldblameyourself,judgeyourdeeds,andobeyyourLord.YoumustknowthatHeisAllWise
andKnowledgeableandmaydelayornotdelayresponseforwisdomandmaygiveyouabettersubstituteinreturnbecauseofwhat
wasmentionedaboveandduetotheSahihHadithinwhichtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: YourDu`a'isansweredunless
youbecomeimpatientsaying,'IsupplicatedandsupplicatedbutIdidnotfinditbeingrespondedto,'andthenyoubecomefrustrated
andgiveupDu`a'.

Accordingly,youmustnotfeelfrustratedandgiveupDu`a'.Infact,youmustpersistinyourDu`a'andincreaseit.Bringyourselfto
accountandbewareofsinsandevildeedswhichserveasobstaclestoyourDu`a'beingrespondedto.Moreover,youarepermittedto
seekthetimesduringwhichDu`a'isansweredsuchastheperiodbetweenannouncingtheAdhan(calltoPrayer)andtheIqamah
(calltostartthePrayer),attheendofSalah(Prayer)beforeTaslim(salutationofpeaceendingthePrayer),inSujud(prostration),
whentheKhatib(preacher)ascendstheMinbar(pulpit)onFridayuntiltheSalahisfinished,andafterthe`Asr(Afternoon)Prayeruntil
sunsetonFridaysforanypersonwhoawaitsfortheMaghrib(Sunset)PrayerinastateofWudu'(ablution).Thesearealltimesduring
whichDu`a'isanswered.YoumustmakeyourheartreadyforDu`a'andthinkgoodofAllah,becausetheProphet(peacebeupon
him)said: Allah(mayHebeGlorifiedandExalted)says:IamasMyServantthinksofMeandIamwiththemwheneverthey www.ircpk.com
supplicatetoMe. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahihBookofHadith)MayAllahgrantussuccess!

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(PartNo:5,PageNo:306)

QuestionsandAnswerson`Aqidah

Q1:AnIraqimanasks:Inourcountry,whensomeonefeelssick,hegoestosomepeoplewho
writesomethingonapieceofpapertobeworn.Isthisactpermissible?Anotherquestion:
somepeopleswearbythings,otherthanAllahandswearbythosepeoplewhowritethese
things,whatistherulingonthisact?

A : Wearingamuletstowardofftheevileye,toseekprotectionfromtheJinn,ortoprevent
sicknessofchildrenoroldpeopleisimpermissible.Thisactimpliesrelianceonsomeoneother
thanAllah.ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, MayAllah
thwarttheaffairsofhewhotiesanamulet.MayAllahleavehimvulnerable,hewhotiesacowrieshell.

Accordingtoanothernarration,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Whoeverwearsanamulet
commitsShirk. Theamuletsrefertopiecesofbones,talismans,shells,wolf'sbone,orthelike
matterswornaroundtheneckofachild,asickperson,oranyotherpersonasaguardagainst
theevileye,Jinn,orsickness.Theymaycontainpiecesofpaperhavingwritingonthem.This
isaprohibitedanddetestableact,eveniftheycontainQur'anicAyahsaccordingtothe
preponderantview.TherelevantHadithsaregeneralandfreefromexception.

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)madenoexception.Therefore,allamuletsareprohibited.
Wearinganamulet,whichcontainsQur'anicAyahsorgoodsupplicationsmayleadtowearing
forbiddenkindsofamulets.So,thesoundShari`ahblocksthemeanstoevilactsandShirk,
whichmayresultfromwearingit.

EveryMuslimisadvisedtoaskAllahtogranthimsafetyandhealhimusinglawful
medications.ItisalsopermissibletouseRuqyah(recitingQur'anandsayingsupplications
overthesickseekinghealing)astheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Thereisnoharminusing
Ruqyah,whichdoesnotsmackofShirk. Furthermore,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)practicedRuqyah
withsomeofhisSahabahandsodidJibril(peacebeuponhim)whoappliedtheRuqyahtothe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim).

(PartNo:5,PageNo:307)

InthelightoftheabovementionedHadiths,wearingamuletsisimpermissible.Itisaformof
minorShirk(associatingothersinworshipwithAllah).ItmayalsobeaformofmajorShirk,if
theyareusedtowardoffevilswithoutAllah'shelp.Ontheotherhand,ifapersonthinksthat
wearingamuletsisacauseofrecovery,itisminorShirk.

Itisobligatorytoremoveandteartheamulets.Swearingbyanyoneoranythingotherthan
AllahisimpermissibleandinvolvesminorShirk.ItmayalsoinvolvemajorShirkwhenthe
personwhoswearsbyanyoneotherthanAllahthinksthattheonebywhomheswearsislike
Allah,qualifiedtobeinvokedinsteadofAllah,ortocontroltheuniverse.ThisismajorShirk,
mayAllahprotectus.

Tosumup,itisnotpermissibletoswearbyanyoneoranythingotherthanAllah.TheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said, Whoeverswears,lethimswearbyAllahorkeepsilent. and Donotswearbyyourfathers,or
byyourmothers,orbyrivalstoAllah

He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid, WhoeverswearsbyanythingotherthanAllahhascommittedkufrorshirk.
Anothernarrationreads, WhoeverswearsbyanythingotherthanAllahhascommittedshirk. He(peacebeupon
him)said, Whoeverswearsbyhonestyisnotoneofus. TheseareallauthenticreportsfromtheProphet
(peacebeuponhim).

Oneday,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)heardhisSahabah(theProphet'sCompanions)
whiletheywereswearingbytheirfathers.He(peacebeuponhim)said, Verily!Allahforbidsyouto
swearbyyourfathers.Ifonehastotakeanoath,heshouldswearonlybyAllahorotherwisekeepquiet.

TheImamAbu`UmarIbn`AbdulBar(d.463A.H.)(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)statedthatthe
scholarsunanimouslyagreedthatswearingbyanyoneoranythingotherthanAllahis
impermissible.Therefore,swearingbyhonestyorbytheProphet(peacebeuponhim),by
Ka`bah,orbythelifeorhonorofsoandsoisnotpermissible.OnemayswearbyAllahalone.
AllahistheOneWhograntssuccess.


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Q2:Mywifesuffersfromapsychologicaldiseasethatcauseshertofeareverythingand
causesherloneliness.AnotherpersonhasthesamecaseandcannotgototheMasjid
(mosque)toperformSalahincongregation.Hewantstoknowaremedyforhiscaseapart
fromsoothsayersandcharlatans.

A : EverydiseasethatAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)willstoexisthasitscure.However,
someknowit

(PartNo:5,PageNo:308)

andothersdonot.AllahhasmadetherevelationHemadetoHisProphet(peacebeuponhim)
asgood,guidance,andremedyforallsufferingsincludingthephysicalandpsychological
diseases.Thisremedyisbeneficialfortheslavesandbringsmanygoodthingsthatnonebut
Allahknowstheirnumber.Manmayexperiencecertainconditionsthatcausehimtofear
withoutknowingthereasonbehindit.

AllahmakesHisrevelationthroughHisProphet(peacebeuponhim)good,safety,anda
remedyformanysufferingsthatnonebutAllahknowstheirnumber.

IadvisethosetwoquestionerstousetherevelationofAllahtogetsafety,tranquility,peace,
andprotectionfromsatanictricks.AmongthesethingsisrecitingAyatulKursy(theQuranic
VerseofAllahsChair,SurahAlBaqarah,2:255)aftereachPrayerfollowingtheDhikr
(RemembranceofAllah).InthisAyah,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Allh!LilhaillaHuwa(nonehasthe
righttobeworshippedbutHe),AlHayyulQayyum(theEverLiving,theOneWhosustainsandprotectsallthatexists). Tothe
endoftheAyah.

ThisAyahisthebestandgreatestAyahintheQur'an,foritstressestheprincipleofTawhid
anddevotiontoAllah(mayHebePraised)andshowsHissublimityandthatHeistheEver
Living,theOwnerofeverythingandnothingweakensHim.

WhenamanreadsthisAyahaftereachPrayerandbeforegoingtobed,itprotectshimfrom
everyevil.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidthatwhoeverrecitesitoncebeforegoingto
bed,therewillbeaguardianappointedoverhimfromAllahwhowillprotecthimduringthe
nightandSatanwillnotbeabletoapproachhimuntilmorning.Thepatientshouldtrythis
provenprescriptionandhewillnotseeanyharmfulthingastheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
didnottellanythingexceptthetruth.

Heisalsoadvisedtorecite Say(OMuhammad ) : "HeisAllh,(the)One. andAl


Mu`awwidhatayn(SurahsAlFalaq[number113]andAlNas[number114])aftereachPrayer.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:309)

RecitingtheseSurahsisoneofthecausesofsafetyandtreatmentforallharms.Itshouldbe
notedthatSurahAlIkhlas Say(OMuhammad):"HeisAllh,(the)One. isequalinreward
andmeritstoonethirdoftheQur'an.ThesethreeSurahs,namely, Say(OMuhammad
):"HeisAllh,(the)One. , Say:"Iseekrefugewith(Allh),theLordofthedaybreak, and Iseekrefugewith(Allh)the
Lordofmankind shouldberecitedonceafterZhuhr,`Asr,and`Isha'Prayersandthreetimesafter
FajrandMaghribPrayers.Whengoingtothebed,theseSurahsshouldberecitedthreetimes
accordingtotheHadithauthenticallyreportedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)inthis
respect.

Anotherthingtoobtainpeaceofheartandmind,safety,andtranquilityistoseekrefugewith
thePerfectWordsofAllahfromtheevilofwhatHecreatedthreetimesinthemorningandin
theeveningasfollows, IseekrefugeinthePerfectWordsofAllahfromtheevilofwhatHehascreated. The
authenticHadithindicatesthatthisisameansofkeepingsafefromallevil.

Hemayrecite InthenameofAllah,whenWhosenameismentionednothingonEarthorinHeavencancauseharm,andHeis
theHearer,theKnower. threetimesinthemorningandevening.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
saidthatwhoeversaysthisinthemorningthreetimesissavedfromanyharmuntilthe
evening,andwhoeversaysthisintheeveningthreetimesissavedfromanyharmuntilthe
morning.TheseAdhkarwhicharetakenfromtheQur'anandSunnahareamongthegreatest
meansofwardingoffevilandobtainingpeace.

Everybelievingmanandwomanshouldrecitethemregularlywithsincerityandfaith,putting
histrustinAllahanddependinguponHim,forHeistheOnewhomanageseverythingandin
WhoseHandisgiving,deprival,benefit,andharm,andHeistheOwnerofeverything.

HeshouldalsobelieveintheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)asthemosttruthfulone,forhe www.ircpk.com
neverspeaksof(hisown)desire.ItisonlyaRevelationrevealedtohimasAllahsays, Bythestar
whenitgoesdown(orvanishes). Yourcompanion(Muhammad)hasneithergoneastraynorhaserred. Nor
doeshespeakof(hisown)desire. ItisonlyaRevelationrevealed.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:310)

(MayAllah'sbestpeaceandblessingsbeuponhim)

Q3:TheseAdhkarareprescribedasweaponsforeverybeliever.Arethereanyother
requirementsforthosewhobearweapons?

A : Yes,amongtheserequirementsareplacingtrustinAllah,believingtheProphet(peacebe
uponhim),believingthatAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)isAlHaqq(theTruth)andthat
Heneversaysanythingbutthetruth,beingsincerewithAllahandfollowingHisMessenger's
path.Additionally,thebelievershouldsaytheseAdhkarwhileplacinghistrustinAllahand
hopingtoobtainwhatAllahhas.HeshouldbeatruebelieverthatAllahistheOneWho
managesanddisposestheaffairsandthatHeisOmnipotentoverallthingswithnodoubtorill
thoughts.Heshouldbecertainthatifhisdesiredelaysordoesnotoccur,thiswillbeforsome
underlyingwisdom.

TheservanthastofulfillthemeansandAllahistheOriginatorofthesemeansandHeisthe
A l lWiseandAllKnowing.Thepatientmaytrythemedicaltreatmentbuttherecoverymay
notoccurforotherreasonsthattheservantdoesnotknowbutAllahhaswisdomsandsecrets
thatnonebutHimknows.Thisappliestophysicalandspiritualtreatment.Thephysical
treatmentincludesmedications,surgeries,andthelikewhereasthespiritualoneincludes
recitingsupplications,Adhkar,andthelikeprescribedmeans.

However,thingssoughtmaybedelayedformanyreasonsincludingheedlessnessofinvoking
Allah,committingsins,particularlydevouringpropertythroughunlawfulmeansandothers.It
isauthenticallyreportedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)that, ThereisnoMuslimwhocallsupon
AllahwithwordsinwhichthereisnosinorseveringoffamilytiesbutAllahwillgivehimoneofthreethings:

(PartNo:5,PageNo:311)

eitherHewillanswerhissupplicationsoon,orHewillsaveitforhimintheHereafter,orHewillremovesomethingbadfromhimthat
isequivalenttowhatheisaskingfor.Theysaid,Then,weshouldmakeagreatamountofDu`a'.Hesaid,Allahisgreater.

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Q:WhataretheAyahs(Qur'anicverses)thatovercomeSihr(sorcery)?

A : ItisnecessaryforovercomingandgettingridofSihrtokeepDhikr(RemembranceofAllah),invocations
forrefugeandprotectionasmentionedinthepreviousquestion.OfthemeansofgettingridofSihrwhenit
strikessomeoneistoreciteAlFatihah,AyatulKursy(theQuranicVerseofAllahsChair,SurahAlBaqarah,
2:255),SurahAlKafirun Say:(OMuhammadtotheseMushriknandKfirn):"OAlKafirn(disbelievers
inAllh,inHisOneness,inHisAngels,inHisBooks,inHisMessengers,intheDayofResurrection,andinAlQadar)! SurahAl
Ikhlas: Say(OMuhammad):"HeisAllh,(the)One. andAlMu`awwidhatayn(SurahsAlFalaq
[number113]andAlNas[Surahnumber114])andrepeatthesethreeSurahsthreetimesalongwith
blowingoverhisbodyoronwaterandthendrinksfromitandwasheswiththerest.

ItisalsobeneficialtorecitetheAyahsforavoidingSihrinSurahsAlA`raf,YunusandTaha.Alltheseare
meansoftreatment.TheAyahsinSurahAlA`rafreads: AndWerevealedtoMs(Moses)(saying):"Throwyour
stick,"andbehold!Itswallowedupstraightawayallthefalsehoodswhichtheyshowed. Thustruthwasconfirmed,andallthatthey
didwasmadeofnoeffect. Sotheyweredefeatedthereandreturneddisgraced.

TheAyahsinSurahYunusreads: AndFir aun(Pharaoh)said:"Bringmeeverywellversedsorcerer." Andwhenthe


sorcererscame,Ms(Moses)saidtothem:"Castdownwhatyouwanttocast!" Thenwhentheyhadcastdown,Ms(Moses)
said:"WhatyouhavebroughtissorceryAllhwillsurelymakeitofnoeffect.Verily,AllhdoesnotsetrighttheworkofAlMufsidn
(theevildoers,corrupters). "AndAllhwillestablishandmakeapparentthetruthbyHisWords,howevermuchtheMujrimn
(criminals,disbelievers,polytheists,sinners)mayhateit."

TheAyahsinSurahTahareads: Theysaid:"OMs(Moses)!Eitheryouthrowfirstorwebethefirsttothrow?" [Ms


(Moses)]said:"Nay,throwyou(first)!"Thenbehold!theirropesandtheirsticks,bytheirmagic,appearedtohimasthoughthey
movedfast. SoMs(Moses)conceivedfearinhimself. We(Allh)said:"Fearnot!Surely,youwillhavetheupperhand.
"Andthrowthatwhichisinyourrighthand!Itwillswallowupthatwhichtheyhavemade.Thatwhichtheyhavemadeisonlya
magicianstrick,andthemagicianwillneverbesuccessful,towhateveramount(ofskill)hemayattain."

(PartNo:5,PageNo:312)

ThistreatmentalsoworksincaseofSihrthatseparatesamanandhiswifeandbenefitsbytheWillofAllah
inremovingSihrandbeingsafefromit.AllpraiseandthankfulnessbetoHim.

www.ircpk.com

Q5:HowshouldaMuslimtreathisfemalecolleagueatwork,irrespectiveofherreligion,
takingintoconsiderationthathemayneedtospeaktoherinmattersofwork?Withregardto
immodestlydressedMuslimwoman,isitpermissibleforaMuslimmantogreetheroranswer
hergreeting?Moreover,howshouldaMuslimsayfarewelltoawomanandviseversa?

Asusual,workobligesonetodealwithfemaleworkersandspeaktothemconcerningmatters
ofworkandsometimeshisgazemayfallonpartsimpermissibletolookatofawomanand
especiallyiftheyareimmodestlydressed,isonesinfulforthis?Inaddition,whenaMuslim
speakstoawoman,shouldhelookatherorattheground?Ifthenatureofthework
necessitatesthattheMuslimmanagerspeakstothefemaleworkerseparatelyandheinthis
casewillhavetobealonewithherinhisoffice,canthedoorbeclosedsothatnoonehears
theirconversation,whatistherulingonthiscaseandsimilarcasessuchastheworkingof
femalesalesandpurchaserepresentativeswhoseworkobligesthemtodiscusswithtraders
themattersofworkseparatelyandsometimestherearemorethanonemalerepresentative
withawomaninaclosedroom,sowhatistherulinginthisregard?

A:Theissuesyourreferredtoisofutmostimportance.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:313)

Beforeanything,itisnecessaryforaMuslimtoavoidworkamongwomenandifheisalreadyworking
amongthemheshouldmaketheefforttoberidofthissituationandtoseekanotherkindofworkwhere
therewillnomixingwithwomen.Infact,workingamongwomenisawidedoortoreligioustroublesand
greatdangersbecauseSatantrieshisbesttoexciteseductionbetweenmanandwoman.

Therefore,abelieveratanyplaceshouldnotconsenttoworkamongwomenandlikewisestudentsinmixed
universitiesandschoolstheyshouldsearchforunmixedalternativesofthesethings.Moreover,theexistence
ofyoungmenneartoyoungwomenisameanstoagreatevilandcorruption.IfaMuslimisafflictedwith
thesematters,heshouldfearAllahuntilAllahgrantshimreliefandawayout.Heshouldavoidlookingat
womanandhercharmsandbeautiesandshouldfixhisgazeatthegroundifthishappensofhim
accidentallyheshouldkeephisgazeloweredandnotlookather.

Itisauthenticallyreportedthat TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)wasaskedaboutthesuddenglance.He(peace
beuponhim)saidtothequestioner,Turnawayyoureyes. Inanothernarration,he(peacebeuponhim)said: You
arenottobeblamedforthefirst(glance),butyouwouldbesoforthesecond. Allah(mayHebeExaltedandGlorified)
says, Tellthebelievingmentolowertheirgaze(fromlookingatforbiddenthings),andprotecttheirprivateparts(fromillegalsexual
acts).Thatispurerforthem. Andtellthebelievingwomentolowertheirgaze(fromlookingatforbiddenthings),andprotecttheir
TheAyah(QuranicVerse)commandsthebelievertolowerhisgazeand
privateparts(fromillegalsexualacts)
protecthisprivateparts.Then,ifhehiseyesperceivedsomethingofthatunintentionally,heshouldturn
awayhiseyesandAllahwillforgivehimthefirstaccidentalglancethatwasunintentionallycast.

Moreover,ifheisobligedtodealwithawomanandspeaktoherconcerningmattersofwork,heshould
speaktoherwithoutstandingfacetofacewithherorlookingatherbeauties,butshouldlookawayand
keephisgazefixedonthegrounduntiltheyendtheirmeetingandheleaves.

Indeed,thisisamongthematterswhicheveryMuslimshouldpaycarefulattentionto.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:314)

Asforwoman,sheisnotpermittedwhilebuyingorsellingorinothersituationstobealonewitha(non
Mahram)man,whetherheisapresidentoramanager,andthesameappliestohimowingtothegreat
dangersthatthisinvolves.ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Noman
shouldbealonewithawomanunlessthereisaMahram(thehusbandoranunmarriageablemalerelative)withher. (Agreed
uponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim)TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Nomanshouldbealonewitha
woman,forthethirdofthemisthedevil. (RelatedbyImamAhmadwithanauthenticIsnad[chainofnarrators]on
theauthorityofUmaribnAlKhattab,mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)

Iwanttostressthatbeinginseclusionwithawomanposesseriousdanger,evenifitisconcerningcertain
needsrelatedtothewomanorherwork.Itisnecessarytobecautiousagainstthis.Allah(mayHebe
ExaltedandGlorified)says: AndwhosoeverfearsAllhandkeepshisdutytoHim,Hewillmakeawayforhimtogetout(from
everydifficulty). AndHewillprovidehimfrom(sources)henevercouldimagine. andwhosoeverfearsAllhandkeepshisduty
Q6:Weoftenhearthatthecausebehindthelackofrainis
toHim,Hewillmakehismattereasyforhim.
theevildeedscommittedbypeople.Ifthisiscorrect,thenwhataboutthosepeopleinIndia
andothercountriesandthegreatfloodswhichoccurtothem?DotheyworshipAllahmore
thanusorthatthematterofrainisanastronomicphenomenon?Please,enlightenus
concerningthisissueforitoccupiesthepeoplesminds.

A : EveryMuslimshouldknowthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)istheOneWhobroughtthecreaturesintobeing www.ircpk.com
andHeguaranteesthesustenanceofallpeople,whethertheyareMuslimsornonMuslims.Allah(Exaltedbe
He)says: Andnomoving(living)creatureisthereonearthbutitsprovisionisduefromAllh. AndI(Allh)creatednotthejinn
andmankindexceptthattheyshouldworshipMe(Alone). Iseeknotanyprovisionfromthem(i.e.provisionforthemselvesorfor
Mycreatures)nordoIaskthattheyshouldfeedMe(i.e.feedthemselvesorMycreatures). Verily,AllhistheAllProvider,Owner
ofPower,theMostStrong.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:315)

He(ExaltedbeHe)
Andsomanyamoving(living)creaturecarriesnotitsownprovision!Allhprovidesforitandforyou.
createdjinnandmankind,believersanddisbelievers,andhasundertakentoprovidethemwithsustenance,
forHesendsdowntherain,makesriversrunwithwaterthroughthelandsandprovidesallHiscreatures
withsustenance.

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)punishesHisMuslimSlaveswhentheydisobeyHimanddowhatcontradictsHis
Shari ah(RevealedLaw)todesistfromtheirwrongdoingsandkeepawayfromthecausesofHisWrath.
A l l a hsPunishmentmaybeintheformofwithholdingtherain.Thiscasehappenedduringthetimeofthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)inspiteofthefactthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)isthebestofpeople,
hiseraisthebesteraandhisSahabah(Companions,mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)arethemost
excellentslavesfollowingtheProphets(peacebeuponthem).Theywereafflictedwithdroughtandaridity
whichmadethemasktheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)tosupplicateAllahtobringdowntherain
forthem: Theysaid, OMessengerofAllah,ourwealthhasbeendestroyedandourchildrenarehungry,supplicatetoAllahfor
us.

So,heraisedhishands(makingsupplication),andwedidnotseeanycloudinthesky.ButbytheOneinWhosehandismysoul,
hardlyhadhelowered(hishands)butthereappearedcloudslikemountains,andhardlyhadhecomedownfromhisMinbar(pulpit)
butIsawrainrunningdownhisbeard(peacebeuponhim).Itrainedthatday,andthedayafter,andthedayafter,untilthefollowing
Friday.ThenthatBedouinorsomeoneelsestoodupandsaid,OMessengerofAllah,ourbuildingshavebeendestroyedandour
wealthhadbeenflooded.SupplicatetoAllahforus.Soheraisedhishandsandsaid,OAllah,aroundusandnotonus.Eachtime
hishandpointedtopartofthecloudstheyparted,andthecloudsformedaringaroundMadinah.Thevalleysflowedwithwaterfora
monthandnoonecamefromanydirectionbuthespokeoftheheavyrain.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:316)

WededucefromthisincidentthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andhisSahabah(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)wereafflicted
withdroughtandsoughtAllahsHelp.TheSahabahwerethemostrighteouspeoplewhobestlearnedtheTeachingsandDirectionsof
Allah.TheywerethemostguidedgroupsotheyresortedtoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andaskedHimforHisGraceandreturnedtoHimin
repentancefromtheirshortfallandsins,fortheyrealizedthatdroughtandotherdisastersareadvisorywarningsthatdrawattention
anddirecttowardsthemeansofsalvation,forthemtohumblyinvokeAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andknowthatAllahistheAllProviderand
HeistheDoerofwhatHewills.

IfpeopledonotreturntoAllahinrepentancefromtheirevildeeds,Allahmaypunishthemwithdrought,sterility,defeatbyenemies
andsuchtrialstilltheygivethatupandreturntoHimandshowpenitence.He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andwhateverof
misfortunebefallsyou,itisbecauseofwhatyourhandshaveearned.AndHepardonsmuch.(SeetheQurnVerse35:45). Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)addressessomeoftheMuslimsaftertheBattleofUhudfollowingthedefeat,killingandinjurieswhichtheMuslims
sufferedduringit,saying, (Whatisthematterwithyou?)Whenasingledisastersmitesyou,althoughyousmote(yourenemies)with
onetwiceasgreat,yousay:Fromwheredoesthiscometous?Say(tothem),Itisfromyourselves(becauseofyourevildeeds).

IntheBattleofBadrvictorywasfortheMuslimsanddefeatwasfortheKafirs(disbelievers)seventyoftheKafirsweretakencaptive
andseventyofthemwerekilled,whereasintheBattleofUhudtheMuslimswereafflictedwithtroublesincurredbymistakestheyhad
committed.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)orderedthearcherstoremainintheplacehedeterminedforthembehindtheMuslims.
TheywerefiftyarchersundertheleadershipofAbdullahibnJubayrandtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)orderedthem,saying,"Do
notleaveyourpositionsevenif(wearemassacredsothat)birdssnatchus,whetherwearevictoriousordefeated.(Atanycase)do
notleaveyourpositions."

WhenAllah(ExaltedbeHe)grantedtheMuslimsvictoryandtheKafirsweredefeated,thearchersthoughtthatthewarhadendedand
thatitwastimeforthebooties.Theylefttheirplaceeventhoughtheircommanderhadorderedthemtoremainintheirpositionand
remindedthemofthecommandoftheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)tothem,buttheydidnotobeyhimandsaidthatthe
warhadendedandtheKafirsweredefeated,andsotheylefttheirplace.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:317)

Uponthat,thetroopsoftheKafirsattackedtheMuslimsfrombehindandovertookthem,sotheMuslimscausedtothemselvesthe
afflictiontheysufferedbytheirownaction.

IwanttostatethatMuslimsmaybeafflictedwithordealssoastobetestedandtried.Moreover,thesetrialshelptheforgivenessof
sinsaswellasotherbenefits,suchasreceivingadmonition,andrealizingthatvictoryisintheHandsofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)Alone,
foralthoughtheSahabahweretrueSlavesofAllahandtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponthem)wasamongthem,thiswasnot
sufficientfortheMuslimmustcontinuetoabidebyobediencetoAllah,fulfillHisCommandsandbepatientinfightingHisenemies.
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)saystothem: (Whatisthematterwithyou?)Whenasingledisastersmitesyou,althoughyousmote(your
enemies)withonetwiceasgreat,yousay:"Fromwheredoesthiscometous?"Say(tothem),"Itisfromyourselves(becauseofyour
evildeeds)."AndAllhhaspoweroverallthings. So,iftheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)andhisSahabahwereafflicted
bythepunishmentsofsinsandtroubles,thenwhataboutotherMuslimswhodonotmeasureuptotheSahabah?

AsfortheKafirswhopursuedSatan,theenemyofAllah,andfollowedinhisfootsteps,inmanycountriesoftheworld,theBlessingsof
Allahtheylivein,themeansoflivelihoodandtherainsarenothingbutakindofgradualleadingtopunishmentandtheirendwillbe
bad.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: So,whentheyforgot(thewarning)withwhichtheyhadbeenreminded,Weopenedforthemthe
gatesofevery(pleasant)thing,untilinthemidstoftheirenjoymentinthatwhichtheyweregiven,allofasudden,Wetookthem(in
punishment),andlo!Theywereplungedintodestructionwithdeepregretsandsorrows. ConsidernotthatAllhisunawareofthat
whichtheZlimn(polytheists,wrongdoers)do,butHegivesthemrespiteuptoaDaywhentheeyeswillstareinhorror.

SometimesAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hastensforthemthepunishmentintheworldlylife,suchasthesufferingsthatbefellthemduringthe
warsasaresultoftheirdisbeliefandevilsins.Theymaybepunishedbyotherthingssuchasepidemicsandotherdiseasessothat www.ircpk.com
theymaygiveuptheirwrongdoings.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:318)

ForagreatwisdomAllah(ExaltedbeHe)maygiverespitebutnowrongdoercanescapeHispunishment.He(ExaltedbeHe)says:
AndAllhisnotunawareofwhattheydo. Weshallpunishthemgraduallyfromdirectionstheyperceivenot. AndIwillgrant
themarespite.Verily,MyPlanisstrong. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)maygiverespitetotheKafirsandkeepgivingthembounties,suchas
rainfalling,riversflowing,andabundantfruitsetc.thenHeseizesthem,ifHesowills,aseizureoftheAllMighty,AllCapableofdoing
whatHewills.Similarly,HemayalsogiverespitetotheMuslimsinspiteoftheirnumeroussinsthenHepunishesthemwithwhatHe
wills.

TheMuslimsoughttobecautiousandnottobedeceivedbythedelayofpunishmentortherespitethatAllahgrantstothemorto
otherswhilepersistinginsins.Instead,theyshouldhastentosincererepentancebeforepunishmentbefallsthem.WeaskAllahto
protectusallandkeepussafeofthecausesofHisWrathandthepainofHisPunishment.

www.ircpk.com

RulingonthebeliefthattheMessengerisnotahuman

(PartNo:5,PageNo:319)

Q:IfapersondieswhilebelievingthattheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)isnota
humanbeingorthathe(peacebeuponhim)knowstheGhayb(theUnseen)orthatTawassul
(supplicatingtoAllahinthenameof/byvirtueof)whichismadetoAllahinthenameof
Awliya(piouspeople),deadorlivingpeopleisapiousactbringingoneclosertoAllah
(GlorifiedbeHe),willhebeconsideredaMushrik(onewhoassociatesotherswithAllahinHis
Divinityorworship)andwillenterHellfire,takingintoconsiderationthatthispersondoesnot
knowanybeliefsotherthantheseandthathelivedinaplacewherescholarsandpeople
admittothem?Whatistherulingonsuchaperson?And,whatistherulingongivingSadaqah
(voluntarycharity)anddoingotheractsofbenevolenceonhisbehalfafterhisdeath?

A : Anypersonwhodieswhilehavingthisbelief,namelybelievingthatMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)is
notahumanbeingorbelievingthatheknowstheGhayb,thisbeliefistantamounttoKufr(disbeliefinAllah)
andwhoeverbelievesthisisregardedasguiltyofmajorKufr.Thesameappliestoapersonwhocallsupon
theMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim),seekhishelp,ormakeavowtohimortootherprophets,
righteouspeople,Jinn,angelsoridols.ThesearethesamekindofactionscommittedbyearlierMushriks,
suchasAbuJahlandthoselikehim.Moreover,doingsoisanactofmajorShirk(associatingotherswithAllah
inHisDivinityorworship).SomepeoplecallthiskindofShirkasTawassulwhichisdifferentfrommajor
Shirk.

ThereisalsoanotherkindofTawassulwhichdoesnotfallunderShirk,butisclassedasBidah(innovationin
religion)andameansleadingtoShirk.ItisTawassulbyvirtueofthestatusoftheprophetsandrighteous
peopleorinthenameoftheirrightsortheirpersons.Inallcases,oneshouldbecautiousagainstboth
kinds.

Anyonewhodieswhilebeingguiltyofthefirstkind,shouldneitherbewashed,northeFuneralPrayerbe
offeredforthemandtheyshouldnotbeburiedinMuslimgraveyard.MuslimsshouldnotsupplicatetoAllah
forthemorgiveSadaqahontheirbehalf.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Itisnot(proper)fortheProphetandthosewho
believetoaskAllhsForgivenessfortheMushrikn(polytheists,idolaters,pagans,disbelieversintheOnenessofAllh),eventhough
theybeofkin,afterithasbecomecleartothemthattheyarethedwellersoftheFire(becausetheydiedinastateofdisbelief).

(PartNo:5,PageNo:320)

AsforTawassulbytheNamesandAttributesofAllah,Tawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah),andIman
(belief)inHim,itisIslamicallypermissibleTawassulandamongthecausesofhavingonesrequestgranted.
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: And(all)theMostBeautifulNamesbelongtoAllh,socallonHimbythem Itwas
authenticallyreportedthat TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)heardamansupplicating,saying,'OAllah!IbegYou
inthenameofmybearingwitnessthatYouareAllah,thereinnogodbutYou,theOneGod,theSelfSufficientSustainerofall,Who
begetsnot,norwasHebegotten,andthereisnonecoequalorcomparabletoHim.'He(peacebeuponhim)said,'Youhavebegged
AllahbyHisNamewhich,whenbeggedbyit,Hegives,andwhensupplicatedbyit,Heanswers.'

LikewiseisTawassulbyrighteousdeedssuchasdutifulnesstoparents,fulfillingthetrust,abstainingfrom
whatAllahhasprohibitedandsimilarpiousacts.ThisisprovedbytheHadithofthePeopleoftheCave
whichisrelatedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)that Whilethreemen
werewalking,itbegantorain,sotheysoughtshelterinacaveinamountain.Thenarockrolleddownthemountainandclosedthe
mouthofthecave.Theysaidtooneanother,'SeeifyouhavedoneanyrighteousdeedsfortheSakeofAllah,andinvokeAllahby
virtuethereof,sothatHemayremovetherockforyou.'Oneofthemsaid,'OAllah!Ihadmyparentswhowereold,andmywife,and
Ihadyoungchildren.IusedtograzethesheepforthemandwhenIcomebackintheevening,Iusedtomilk(thesheep)andIwould
startwithmyparents,andgivethemtodrinkbeforemychildren.OnedayIwasdelayedandIdidnotcomebackuntilevening,andI
foundthattheyhadgonetosleep.Imilked(thesheep)asusual,thenIbroughtthemilkandstoodbytheirheads,butIdidnotliketo
wakethemfromtheirsleep,andIdidnotliketogivemilktothechildrenbeforethem.Thechildrenwerecryingatmyfeet,andI
remainedlikethatandtheyremainedlikethatuntildawncame.IfYouknowthatIdidthatseekingtherebyYourCountenance,then
openitalittleforus,sothatwemayseethesky.'ThenAllahopeneditalittleforthem,andtheycouldseethesky.

Thenextonesaid,'OAllah!IhadafemalecousinwhomIlovedasdeeplyasanymanlovesawoman,andIaskedherherself,but
sherefusedunlessIbroughtheronehundredDinars.IworkedhardandcollectedonehundredDinars,andbroughtthattoher.But
whenIwasbetweenherlegs,shesaid:OslaveofAllah,fearAllahanddonotbreaktheseal(takehervirginity)exceptinalawful
manner(marriage).

(PartNo:5,PageNo:321)

SoIgotupandlefther.IfYouknowthatIdidthatseekingtherebyYourCountenance,thenopenitsomemoreforus.'AndHeopened
itsomemoreforthem.

Thelastonesaid,'OAllah!Ihiredamaninreturnforameasureofrice,andwhenhehadfinishedhisworkhesaid:Givememy
right.Iofferedthemeasureofricetohimbutherefusedit.SoIsowedthericemanytimesuntilIgatheredfromit(theyield)cows
andtheirherdsman.Thenhecametomeandsaid:FearAllahanddonotwrongmewithregardtomywages.Isaid:Gotothese
cowsandtheirherdsmanandtakethem.Hesaid:FearAllahanddonotmakefunofme.Isaid:Iamnotmakingfunofyou.Takethe
cowsandherdsman.Sohetookthemandwentaway.IfYouknowthatIdidthatseekingtherebyYourCountenance,thenopenthe
restofitforus.'SoAllahopenedtherestofit. www.ircpk.com
ThisindicatesthatitisIslamicallypermissibletomakeTawassulinthenameofonesgooddeeds,andthat
Allahrelievesdistressthroughit,ashappenedtothethreetravelersmentionedintheHadith.However,itis
forbiddentomakeTawassulinthenameofthehonor,rightorpersonofsomeoneforthisisBidahas
previouslymentioned.MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:322)

LawfulandunlawfulTawassulbytheProphet

Q:WhatistherulingonmakingTawassul(supplicatingtoAllahinthenameof/byvirtue
of)bytheProphet?Isthereanyevidenceprohibitingthis?

A.H

A : MakingTawassulbytheProphet(peacebeuponhim)needsdetailing.IfthisTawassul
takestheformoffollowingandlovinghim,obeyinghisorders,refrainingfromhisprohibitions,
andbeingsinceretoAllahinworship,thisisIslamandtheReligionwithwhichAllahsentHis
Prophets.Infact,everyMukallaf(personmeetingtheconditionstobeheldlegally
accountablefortheiractions)isobligatedtoperformtheseduties,whicharethemeansto
attainhappinessintheworldandtheHereafter.AsformakingTawassulbysupplicatingto
theProphet,seekinghishelp,askingforhissupportagainstenemies,andentreatinghimto
curethesick,thesearekindsofmajorShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityor
worship),whichembodythereligionofAbuJahlandotheridolworshippers.Thesameappliesto
makingTawassulbyotherprophets,Awliya(piouspeople),Jinn(creaturescreatedfromfire),
angels,trees,stones,oridols.

ThereisathirdkindofTawassul,whichisTawassulthroughthevirtueofthestatus,right,or
selfoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim),suchasbysaying:OAllah!IaskYouinthenameof
YourProphet,byvirtueofthestatusofYourProphet,byrightofYourProphet,byvirtueof
thestatusorrightofprophetsorAwliya, andothersimilarsupplications.ThisisaBidah
(innovationinreligion)andameansleadingtoShirk.Accordingly,itisnotpermissibletouse
thiskindofTawassulneitherwiththeProphet(peacebeuponhim)norwithanyotherperson,
becauseAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)hasnotprescribedthis.Moreover,actsofworship
areTawqifiy(boundbyareligioustextandnotamenabletopersonalopinion),andthusitis
notpermissibletoconsideraslawfulwhatisnotsupportedbyaprooffromthePurified
Shar (Law)ofAllah.AsfortheincidentoftheblindmanwhomadeTawassulbytheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)duringhislifetime,heentreatedtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)to
supplicateandintercedetoAllahforhimtoreturnhiseyesighttohimhedidnotmake
TawassulbytheProphetsself,status,orrightaswasindicatedfromthewordingofthe
Hadithandclarifiedbythescholarswhoexplainedit.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:323)

ThisissuewasdiscussedindetailbyShaykhu lIslamAbuAlAbbasibnTaymiyyah(mayAllahbe
mercifultohim)inhismanyusefulbooks,suchas"AlQaidahAlJalilahfilTawassulwal
Wasilah,"whichisausefulbookworthreading.

AccordingtoIjma (consensusofscholars),thesamerulingofpermissibilityappliestoliving
personsotherthantheProphet(peacebeuponhim).Forexample,itispermissibletosayto
yourbrother,father,oranyrighteousperson,"SupplicatetoAllahtocuremeofmyillness,to
restoremyeyesight,toprovidemewithrighteousoffspring,etc."AllahistheOneWhogrants
success!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5

,PageNo:324)

Rulingonofferingsacrificesatshrinesandsupplicatingtotheiroccupants

Q:WhatistherulingonofferingsacrificesattheshrinesofAwliya(piouspeople)?Whatis
therulingsaying:"OAllah!BytherightofYourWaliysoandso!Cureusorsaveusfromsuch
andsuchadistress?

A:ItiswellknownthroughtheQuranandtheSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet)thatoffering
sacrificestogetclosetootherthanAllah,whethertheyaretheAwliya,theJinn(creaturescreatedfrom
fire),idols,orothers,isShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)andoneofthe
actionsofJahiliyyah(preIslamictimeofignorance)andtheMushriks(thosewhoassociateotherswithAllah
inHisDivinityorworship).Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Say(OMuhammad):
"Verily,mySalt(prayer),mysacrifice,myliving,andmydyingareforAllh,theLordoftheAlamn(mankind,jinnandallthat
exists). "Hehasnopartner.AndofthisIhavebeencommanded,andIamthefirstoftheMuslims." Sacrificehererefersto
slaughteringanimals.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)makesitclearinthisAyah(Quranicverse)thatslaughtering
animalsforotherthanHimisShirk,justasofferingSalah(Prayer)tootherthanAllah.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)
alsosays: Verily,Wehavegrantedyou(OMuhammad)AlKauthar(ariverinParadise). Thereforeturnin
prayertoyourLordandsacrifice(toHimonly). InthisSurah(Quranicchapter),Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)commands
HisProphettopraytohisLordandsacrificeanimalsforHisSake,unliketheMushriks,whoprayand
sacrificeanimalstootherthanAllah.He(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndyourLordhasdecreedthatyouworshipnone
butHim. AndHe(mayHebePraisedandExalted)alsosays: Andtheywerecommandednot,butthattheyshould
worshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim) TherearemanyAyahstothe
sameeffect.Sacrificingisaformof Ibadah(worship),soitisobligatorythatitisperformedpurelyand
sincerelyforAllahAlone.Itwasrelatedin:"SahihMuslim",ontheauthorityofAmirAlM uminin
(CommanderoftheBelievers),AlyibnAbuTalib(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim),thattheMessengerofAllah
(peacebeuponhim)said, Allahcursedthosewhoslaughter(sacrifice)forotherthanAllah.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:325)

Asforsaying:"IaskAllahinthenameoforthevirtueofoneofHisAwliya,orinthenameorthevirtueof
theProphet,"thisisnotShirk,butBidah(innovationinreligion),andoneofthemeansleadingtoShirk
accordingtotheJumhur(dominantmajorityofscholars).ThisisbecauseDua(supplication)isaformof
Ibadah,andthemannerofperformingitisTawqifiy(boundbyareligioustextandnotamenableto
personalopinion).NothingwaseverauthenticallyreportedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)thatacts
asevidenceforthelegalityorpermissibilityofTawassul(supplicatingtoAllahinthenameof/byvirtueof
thestatusof)madeinthenameofanyofthecreatedbeings.Itis,therefore,notpermissibleforMuslimsto
innovateaformofTawassulthatwasnotlegislatedbyAllah(GlorifiedbeHe),becauseAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
says: Orhavetheypartners(withAllhfalsegods)whohaveinstitutedforthemareligionwhichAllhhasnotordained? And
thesayingoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim), Anyonewhointroducessomethinginthismatterofours(Islam)thatis
notpartofit,willhaveitrejected. (ItsauthenticitywasagreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim)Thereisanother
narrationbyMuslimclassedasaHadithMuallaq(aHadithmissinglinkinthechainofnarration,reported
directlyfromtheProphet)byAlBukhari,whichheconfirmed,inwhichtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
said, Anyonewhodoesanactionwhichisnotinaccordancewiththismatterofours(Islam),willhaveitrejected. Hissaying
"willhaveitrejected"meansthatitwillrecoilupontheonewhomadeitandwillnotbeaccepted.Itis
obligatoryforMuslimstoabidebywhatisprescribedbyAllahandbewareoftheBidahthathasbeen
inventedbypeople.Asforthelawfultawassul,thisissupplicatingtoAllahbyHisNamesAttributesTawhid
(monotheism)andrighteousdeedssuchasIman(Faith)inAllahandHisMessenger,lovingAllahandHis
Messenger,andgoodrighteousdeeds.Therearemanysupportingproofsofthis,includingthesayingof
Allah(mayHebePraised): And(all)theMostBeautifulNamesbelongtoAllh,socallonHimbythem Andalso: The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)heardamansaying,OAllah!IaskyouinthenameofmybearingwitnessthatYouareAllah,therein
nogodbutYou,theOneGod,theSelfSufficientSustainerofall,Whobegetsnot,norwasHebegotten,andthereisnonecoequalor
comparabletoHim.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said,HehasaskedAllahbyAllahsGreatestNamewhich,whenaskedbyit,
Hegives,andwhensupplicatedbyit,Heanswers. (RelatedbytheFourAhlulSunan[authorsofHadithcompilations
classifiedbyjurisprudentialthemes:AbuDawud,AlTirmidhy,AlNasayandIbnMajah]andrankedas
SahihbyIbnHiban)ThereisalsotheHadithofthePeopleoftheCave,whoperformedTawassultoAllah
(mayHebePraisedandExalted)inthenameoftheirrighteousdeeds:ThefirstofthembeseechedAllah
(GlorifiedbeHe)inthenameofhisfilialobediencethesecondonebeseechedAllahinthenameofhis
refusaltocommitZina(premaritalsexualintercourseand/oradultery)whenhewasabletodosoandthe
thirdonebeseechedAllahinthenameofthepaythathehadincreased

(PartNo:5,PageNo:326)

totheworkerhehiredandthensurrenderedtohim.Allahrelievedthem,acceptedtheirDu as
(supplications),andremovedtherockthatblockedthedoorofthecavebeforethem.ThisHadithisagreed
upontobeauthenticbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim.MayAllahgrantussuccess! www.ircpk.com

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:327)

RulingonslaughteringsacrificestoAllahandAlKhadirbasedonadream

Q:WereceivedaletterfromSyria,thetownofAlRaqqah,fromH.S.inwhichhewrote:Some
womenfrequentlyclaimthatamanappearstothemindream,saying,"Slaughteranimalsasa
sacrificetoAllahandAlKhadiroryouwillbeafflictedwithdiseases."Itisalsoclaimedthat
notofferingtheseslaughteredanimalswillresultinthedeathofsomefamilymembers.May
Allahbenefitusandyou!

A : SuchdreamsandtheirlikearefromSatanwhousesthemtocallpeopletoShirk
(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship).ThisisbecausetheProphet(peace
beuponhim)saidinaSahih(authentic)Hadith: AgooddreamisfromAllahandabaddreamisfromSatan.
Thus,whoeverhasseen(inadream)somethingtheydislike,theyshouldspitdrilythricetotheirleftsideandseekrefugewithAllah
fromitsevilforitwillnotharmthem. (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim)Ifoneseessuchadream
orseesthattheyarebeatinganotherperson,threateningtokillthem,orthelike,thensuch
dreamsarefromSatanandtheyshouldspitdrilythricetotheirleftsidewhentheywakeup
andsay"IseekrefugewithAllahfromSatanandfromwhatIsaw"thrice.Afterthis,they
shouldturnontheirothersideandtheywillnotbeharmedbyit.Theymustnotrelatethis
dreamtoanyone.

ItisknownthatslaughteringananimalasasacrificetoAllahisanactofIbadah(worship)
thatcanbedoneatanytime,suchasUdhiyah(sacrificialanimalofferedbynonpilgrims)and
Hady(sacrificialanimalofferedbypilgrims).However,sacrificinganimalstoAlKhadirortoany
otherprophetorWaliy(piousperson)isMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableordisapprovedof
byIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)andShirk,becauseanimalsshouldbesacrificed
toAllahaloneasanactofIbadah,andsacrificingthemtootherthanHimisShirk.Thisis
becauseAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)states: Say(OMuhammad):"Verily,mySalt(prayer),my
sacrifice,myliving,andmydyingareforAllh,theLordoftheAlamn(mankind,jinnandallthatexists). "Hehasnopartner.And
ofthisIhavebeencommanded,andIamthefirstoftheMuslims." He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsostates: Verily,Wehave
grantedyou(OMuhammad ) A lKauthar(ariverinParadise). ThereforeturninprayertoyourLordand
sacrifice(toHimonly). TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated:

(PartNo:5,PageNo:328)

AllahhascursedtheonewhosacrificestootherthanAllah. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih[Authentic
HadithBook]fromtheHadithofAli[mayAllahbepleasedwithhim])Thus,itisnotpermissible
toofferslaughteredanimalsto A lKhadir,A lBadawi,A lHusainoranyotherperson,idols,orJinn
(creaturescreatedfromfire).Infact,slaughteredanimalsmustbeofferedtoAllahalone
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),suchasUdhiyahandHadyasalreadystated.AsforAlKhadir
(peacebeuponhim)andotherhumans,itisnotpermissibletosacrificeanimalstothemorto
dedicateanyactofIbadahtothem.Seekingtodrawclosetothembyofferingthem
slaughteredanimalstoobtaintheirShafaah(intercession)ortohaveoneschildrencuredis
majorShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)mayAllahsaveusfrom
it!Also,offeringslaughteredanimalstoidols,Jinn,andstarsareallconsideredmajorShirk.
Alltheseactsmustbeshunnedandpeoplemustbewarnedagainstcommittingthem.
SlaughteredanimalsmustbeofferedtoAllahaloneasshouldSalah(Prayer)andallotheracts
o f Ibadah.ThisisbecauseAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)states: Andtheywerecommandednot,
butthattheyshouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim) And AndyourLord
hasdecreedthatyouworshipnonebutHim. He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsostates: You(Alone)weworship,andYou(Alone)
weaskforhelp(foreachandeverything).

ThereareanumberofAyahsallconveyingthesamemeaning.Thesamerulingappliesto
D ua (supplication)andaskingthehelpofotherthanAllah.Accordingly,itisnotpermissible
toseekthehelpof A lKhadirorofanyothercreatureratheroneshouldaskthehelpofAllah
alone,notofprophets,angels,idols,stars,orthedead.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)istheOneWho
hasSovereigntyoverallthingsandisOmnipotent.Asforaskinghelpfromaliving,present,
andableperson,thereisnoobjectiontothissolongastheyarecapableofdoingthatwhich
theyareasked.Forexample,itispermissibletosay,"Obrother,helpmetodosuchandsuch"
or"lendmesomemoney",eitherinperson,viacorrespondence,orbyphone.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:329)

Theseareordinarymattersandphysicalmeanstowhichthereisnoobjection,becauseAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)states: HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,righteousnessandpiety)
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsomentionsinthestoryofMusa: Themanofhis(own)party
askedhimforhelpagainsthisfoe TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated: AllahhelpsHisServantaslongasthe
Servanthelpshisbrother. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih) www.ircpk.com
However,itisnotpermissibletoseekthehelpofadeadpersonbysaying,forexample,"O
master A lBadawi!Healthesick,returnthepersonIlost,orgivemestrength"or"OmasterAl
Husain!","OmasterOMessengerofAllah!","OmasterIbnArabiorIbnUlwanorAlAydarusorShaykh
AbdulQadir"oranyotherdeadorabsentperson.ThesesupplicationsconstitutemajorShirk,and
allMuslimsmustbeawareofthisandreproachanypersonwhodoesthis.Scholarsare
requiredtoadvisethepeopleandteachthemthefollowingAyahs(Quranicverses): soinvokenot
anyonealongwithAllh. and SuchisAllh,yourLordHisisthekingdom.Andthose,whomyouinvokeorcalluponinsteadofHim,
ownnotevenaQitmr(thethinmembraneoverthedatestone). Ifyouinvoke(orcallupon)them,theyhearnotyourcallandif(in
case)theyweretohear,theycouldnotgrantit(yourrequest)toyou.AndontheDayofResurrection,theywilldisownyour
worshippingthem.Andnonecaninformyou(OMuhammad)likeHimWhoistheAllKnower(ofeverything).

AllahhascalledtheinvocationofotherthanAllahasShirk.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)also
states: Andwhoeverinvokes(orworships),besidesAllh,anyotherilh(god),ofwhomhehasnoproofthenhisreckoningis
onlywithhisLord.Surely!AlKfirn(thedisbelieversinAllhandintheOnenessofAllh,polytheists,pagans,idolaters)willnotbe
successful. AllahdescribedthosewhoinvokeotherthanAllahasKafirs(disbelievers)and
informedusthattheywillnotbesuccessful.Accordingly,peoplesattentionmustbedrawnto
thisseriousmatter,whichisprevalentinanumberofcountries.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:330)

ScholarsmustadviseAllahsServantsforHisSakeandteachtheignorantthetruth,soasto
offerTawbah(repentance)frominvokingthedeadandseekingtheirhelp.Furthermore,they
mustteachthemtoinvokeAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)aloneandaskHimtofulfill
theirneeds.Thereisnothingwrongifoneasksaliving,present,andcapablepersontodo
thingsthatlieintheirpower,fortheSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphetmayAllahbe
pleasedwiththem)usedtoasktheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)forShafaah(intercession)
andhelpwhilehewasstillaliveandheusedtoanswertheirrequests.However,theydidnot
askanythingfromhimafterhisdeathbecausetheyknewthatthiswasnotpermissible.

OntheDayofResurrection,thepeoplewillasktheProphet(peacebeuponhim),whenAllah
resurrectshim,tointercedeforthemandhewillanswertheirrequestaftertakingAllahs
Permission.ThisisbecausetheProphet(peacebeuponhim)willbealiveandpresentamong
themthen.TheIjma(consensus)ofscholarsfromamongAhlulSunnahwalJamaah(those
adheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody)hasstatedthatafterthedeathofthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)andbeforetheDayofResurrectionitisnotpermissibleto
invokehimorseekhishelpbecauseoftheabovementionedproofs.Likewise,itisnot
permissibletoinvoke A lKhadir,Nuh,orIsa,orseektheirhelp,makeavowtothem,oroffer
themsacrifices,becausetheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated: Anyonewhodieswhileinvoking
anythingotherthanAllahasapartner(toHiminworship),willenterHell. (RelatedbyAlBukhariinhisSahihfrom
theHadithofIbnMas ud[mayAllahbepleasedwithhim])TheHadithmeansthatwhoever
invokesadeadorpiousperson,oratree,aking,etc.hasascribedapartnertoAllahin
worshipandhastakenthemasgodsbesidesAllah.This,definitely,constitutesmajorShirk
whichentailseternaldwellingintheFireforwhoeverdieswhilebelievinginthisor
committingthis.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)states: Verily,whosoeversetsuppartners(inworship)withAllh,then
AllhhasforbiddenParadisetohim,andtheFirewillbehisabode.AndfortheZlimn(polytheistsandwrongdoers)thereareno
helpers. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Verily,Allhforgivesnotthatpartnersshouldbesetup
ThereareseveralAyahsconveying
withHim(inworship),butHeforgivesexceptthat(anythingelse)towhomHewills
thismeaningandallofthemindicatethesamemeaninggivenbytheHadithnarratedbyIbn
Masud.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:331)

ScholarsandeveryMuslimendowedwithknowledgearerequiredtoteachthepeoplethetrue
Aqidah(creed)andwarnthemagainstthisShirkeverywhereandatalltimes.Thisisbecause
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)states: Invite(mankind,OMuhammad)totheWayofyour
Lord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewiththeminawaythatis
better. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsostates: Andwhoisbetterinspeechthanhewho[says:"MyLord
isAllh(believesinHisOneness),"andthenstandsfirm(actsuponHisOrder),and]invites(men)toAllhs(IslmicMonotheism),and
doesrighteousdeeds,andsays:"IamoneoftheMuslims." TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated: Religionis
sincerity!Theysaid,Towhom,OMessengerofAllah?He(peacebeuponhim)answered,ToAllah,HisBook,HisMessenger,and
theImams(leaders)ofMuslimsandtheircommonpeople. (RelatedbyImamMuslim[mayAllahbemercifulto
him]inhisSahih)TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: Theonewhoguidestosomethinggoodshall
havearewardsimilartothatofitsdoer. Moreover, whentheProphet(peacebeuponhim)sentAliibnAbuTalib(mayAllah
bepleasedwithhim)toKhaybartoinvitetheJewstoIslam,he(peacebeuponhim)said,InvitethemtoIslamandinformthemof
whatAllahhasenjoinedupontheminit(Islam).ByAllah,ifAllahguidesarightonepersonthroughyouthatisbetterforyouthanred
camels(i.e.themostvaluablepossession). (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim)TheProphet(peace
beuponhim),whosewordistruewithoutneedingtoswear,sworethattheguidanceofone
personbyaDay(callertoIslam)isbetterthanpossessingalltheredcamels,thatis,isbetter
thanthewholeworldandwhateverisonit.Thisprovesthatitisobligatorytoadviseone
another,calltoAllah,explainwhatAllahhasenjoineduponHisServants,andwarnagainst
Shirksothatpeopleknowthetruthandbewellawareofit.Italsoindicatesthattheaimof
Jihad(strivingintheCauseofAllah)istoguidetheKafirs(disbelievers)andbringthemoutof
darknessintothelight,nottofightthemorcapturetheirwomenandseizetheirproperty.In
fact,MuslimsareobligatedtoresorttofightingonlywhentheKafirsinsistuponhindering www.ircpk.com
IslamornotpaytheJizyah(polltaxrequiredfromnonMuslimslivinginanIslamicstate)ifit
isdueonthem.

AllahistheOneWhomweinvoketoguideusandallMuslimstothebestunderstandingofHis
Din,tokeepusfirmonit,tosupportit,andtosetarighttheaffairsofMuslimseverywhere,
forHeisindeedAllHearingandResponsive.PeacebeuponourProphetMuhammad,and
uponhisfamily,andCompanions!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:332)

Rulingonwomenvisitinggraves

Q:Isitpermissibleforwomentovisitgraves?

A : ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)cursedthewomenwho
visitedgraves,accordingtotheHadithnarratedbyIbnAbbas,AbuHurayrah,andHassanibnThabitAlAnsary(may
Allahbepleasedwiththemall).ThescholarshavededucedfromthisreportthatitisHaram(prohibited)for
womentovisitgraves,becausecursingisonlymentionedinrelationtodeedsthatareHaram.Infact,it
indicatesthatitisamajorsin,asthescholarsmentionthatsinswhichentailacurseorathreatare
consideredasmajorsins.

Therefore,thecorrectviewisthatitisHaramforwomentovisitgraves,notjustMakruh(reprehensible).
ThereasonisandAllahknowsbestthatwomeningeneralhavelittlepatience,andthismayresultin
themwailingorthelike,andthiscontradictstheobligatorypatienceinthissituation.Theyarealsoasource
ofFitnah(temptation),soiftheyvisitgravesandaccompanyfuneralprocessions(tothecemetery),men
maybetemptedbythemortheymaybetemptedbythemen.TheperfectlycomprehensiveIslamicShariah
(law)blocksthemeansleadingtoFasad(corruption)andFitnah,outofAllahsMercyforHisServants.Itwas
authenticallyreportedthattheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said, Iamnotleavingbehindmeany
Fitnahmoreharmfultomenthanwomen. (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslimasSahih[aHadiththathas
beentransmittedbypeopleknownfortheiruprightnessandexactitudefreefromeccentricityandblemish])
ItisobligatorytoblockthemeanstotheabovementionedFitnah.ThepurifiedShariahalsoforbids
Tabarruj(womendressedimmodestlyinviolationoftheIslamicdresscode),womenspeakingsoftlytomen,
Khulwah(beingalonewithamemberoftheoppositesex)withanonMahram(notaspouseoran
unmarriageablerelative),andtravelingwithoutaMahram.AllthisistoblockthemeansleadingtotheFitnah
thatcouldbecausedbythem.TheopinionofsomeFuqaha(Muslimjurists)isthatmakingthegravesofthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)andhistwoSahabah(Companions,AbuBakrandUmar[mayAllahbe
pleasedwiththemboth])exceptionsfromthisruleiswithoutevidence.Thecorrectviewisthatthe
prohibitionisgeneralandincludesallgraves,eventhegravesoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andhis
twoSahabah(mayAllahbepleasedwiththemboth).Thisistheestablishedopinionbasedontheevidence.

Asformen,itisMustahab(desirable)forthemtovisitgraves,includingthatoftheProphet

(PartNo:5,PageNo:333)

(peacebeuponhim)andhistwoSahabah,aslongasnotravelisundertaken,actinguponthesayingofthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim), Visitgraves,fortheyremindyouoftheHereafter." (RelatedbyMusliminhis"Sahih
[BookofAuthenticHadith]")Travelingforthepurposeofvisitinggravesisnotpermissible.However,itis
lawfultotravelespeciallytovisitthethreeMasjids(Mosques),astheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, No
journeyshouldbemadeexcepttothreeMasjids:AlMasjidAlHaram(theSacredMosqueinMakkah),thisMasjidofmine(AlMasjid
AlNabawyinMadinah),andAlMasjidAlAqsa(AlAqsaMosqueinJerusalem). (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslimto
beSahih)IfaMuslimvisits A lMasjidAlNabawy,theycansecondarilyvisitthegraveoftheProphet(peacebe
uponhim),thegravesofhistwoSahabah,thegravesofthemartyrs,andtheoccupantsofAlBaqi.Theycan
alsovisitMasjidQuba (inatownnearMadinahwheretheProphetestablishedthefirstmosque),aslongastheydonot
travelespeciallyforthispurpose.However,ifsomeoneisinMadinah,itislawfulforthemtovisittheProphets
grave,thegravesofhistwoSahabah,andalsovisitAlBaqi,thegravesofthemartyrs,andMasjidQuba.But
travelinglongdistancesjusttovisitthemisnotpermissible,accordingtothemorecorrectofthetwo
opinionsmaintainedbythescholars,becausetheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Nojourneyshouldbemade
excepttothreeMasjids:AlMasjidAlHaram,thisMasjidofmine,andAlMasjidAlAqsa. WhentravelingtovisitAlMasjidAl
Nabawy,visitingthegraveoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andtheothergravesmustbesubordinateto
this.SowhensomeonearrivesattheMasjid,theyshouldengagethemselvesinofferingSalah(Prayer),as
muchastheycan,andthenvisitthegravesoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim),andhisSahabah.Theyshould
askAllahtosendHisPeaceandBlessingsupontheProphet(peacebeuponhim),greethimwithSalam
(Islamicgreetingofpeace)andsupplicateforhim.TheyshouldthengreetAlSiddiq(AbuBakr,mayAllahbe
pleasedwithhim)andsupplicateforhimandthengreetAlFaruq(Umar)andsupplicateforhim.Thisisthe
Sunnah(whatwasreportedfromtheProphet).Thesameshouldbedoneatothergraves.Soifsomeone
visitsDamascus,Cairo,Riyadh,oranyothercity,itisdesirableforthemtovisitthegravesthataretheretotake
lessons,rememberdeath,anddokindnesstothedeceasedbysupplicatingtoAllahforthemandaskingHim
toshowmercytothem,iftheyareMuslims.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Visitgraves,fortheyremind
youoftheHereafter. He(peacebeuponhim)usedtoteachhisSahabah,whentheyvisitedgravestosay: As
salamu alaykum(MayAllahsPeacebeuponyou)dwellersoftheabodefromthebelieversandMuslims.Wewill,InshaaAllah(if
Allahwills),surelyfollowyou.WebegofAllahsafetyforusandyou.InanotherversionoftheHadith,MayAllahhavemercyon
thosewhohavegoneaheadofus,andthosewhowillcomeafter. ItistheSunnahtodoso,butwithouttraveling
especiallyforthispurpose.However,itisnotpermissibletovisitthemtosupplicatetothembesideAllah,as

(PartNo:5,PageNo:334)

thisisShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)andworshippingotherthanHim.Allah www.ircpk.com
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)hasdeclaredthistobeHaram(prohibited)forHisServantswhenHesays: And
themosquesareforAllh(Alone):soinvokenotanyonealongwithAllh. AndwhenHe(mayHebePraised)says: Suchis
Allh,yourLordHisisthekingdom.Andthose,whomyouinvokeorcalluponinsteadofHim,ownnotevenaQitmr(thethin
membraneoverthedatestone). Ifyouinvoke(orcallupon)them,theyhearnotyourcallandif(incase)theyweretohear,they
couldnotgrantit(yourrequest)toyou.AndontheDayofResurrection,theywilldisownyourworshippingthem.Andnonecaninform
you(OMuhammad)likeHimWhoistheAllKnower(ofeverything). Allah(mayHebePraised)makesit
clearthatcallingupondeadbelieversandothersisShirkandworshippingotherthanHim.Allah(mayHebe
Praised)alsosays: Andwhoeverinvokes(orworships),besidesAllh,anyotherilh(god),ofwhomhehasnoproofthenhis
reckoningisonlywithhisLord.Surely!AlKfirn(thedisbelieversinAllhandintheOnenessofAllh,polytheists,pagans,idolaters)
willnotbesuccessful. HetherebycallssupplicatingtootherthanAllahKufr(disbelief).Itisobligatoryupon
Muslimstobewareofthisanditisobligatoryonthescholarstoclarifythesemattersforpeople,sotheywill
beawareofShirk.Manyordinarypeople,whenpassingbygravesofthosewhomtheyglorify,imploretheir
helpandsay,"Osoandso!Madad!Madad!(Givemestrength),""Iseekyourhelp","Helpme","Supportme"
or"Curemyillness."AllofthisismajorShirkandmayAllahprotectusfromit!Thesethingscanonlybe
askedfromAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),notfromthedeadnorfromanyothercreature.

Asforthosewhoarealive,theycanbeaskedwhattheycando,iftheyarepresentandcanhearyou,by
speakingdirectlytothem,orbywriting,byphone,oranysimilarsensiblemeans.Theycanbeaskedby
thesemeanstodowhatevertheyareabletodo,suchastohelpinyourhome,workonyourfarm,etc.,
becausetheyareacquaintancesofyoursoryouhelpeachotherout.Thereisnothingwronginthis,asAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysinthestoryofMusa(Moses,peacebeuponhim): Themanofhis(own)party
askedhimforhelpagainsthisfoe

(PartNo:5,PageNo:335)

Butaskingthedead,thosewhoareabsent,unseen,orinanimateobjects,suchasidols,tocureanillness,to
grantvictoryagainstanenemy,etc.,thisismajorShirk.Thesamerulingappliestoaskingalivingperson
whoispresenttodowhatnonebutAllah(mayhebePraisedandGlorified)cando.Thisisalsoconsidered
asShirk,becausemakingDua(supplications)tothosewhoareabsentwithoutusingphysicalmeans,shows
thatyoubelievethattheyknowtheGhayb(Unseen)orthattheyhearyourDua,eveniftheyarefarfrom
you.ThisisafalsebeliefthatentailsdeclaringanyonebelievingittobeKafir(disbeliever).Allah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)says: S a y : NoneintheheavensandtheearthknowstheGhaib(Unseen)exceptAllh Thesame
rulingappliesifyoubelievethatsomeonehasacertainsecretpowerovertheuniversewhichtheycanuseto
givewhoevertheywantordeprivewhoevertheywant,assomeignorantpeoplebelieveofthosetheycall
theAwliya(piouspeople).ThisisShirkAlRububiyyah(associatingothersintheLordshipwithAllah),which
isgraverthantheShirkofworshippingidols.Thus,theShary(Islamicallylawful)visittothedeceasedisto
askAllahtohavemercyonthem,toremembertheHereafterandprepareoneselfforit,andtoremember
thatyouwilldieasthosewhohavealreadydiedandtoprepareyourselffortheHereafter,andtosupplicate
toAllahforyourdeceasedfellowMuslimsaskingHimtohavemercyonthem.Thisisthewisdombehind
permittingvisitstograves.MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:336)

Dosinseraseblessings?

Q:AsisterfromRiyadhasks:Ireadthatoneoftheconsequencesofsinispunishmentfrom
Allahandlossofblessings,andIweptwithfearbecauseofthat.Pleaseadviseme.

A : Undoubtedly,committingsinsisoneofthecausesofAllahswrath,lossofblessings,
withholdingofrainandbeingovertakenbytheenemy.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: AndindeedWe
punishedthepeopleofFiraun(Pharaoh)withyearsofdroughtandshortnessoffruits(crops),thattheymightremember(takeheed).
and: SoWepunishedeach(ofthem)forhissinsofthemweresomeonwhomWesentHsib(aviolentwindwithshowerof
stones)[asonthepeopleofLt(Lot)],andofthemweresomewhowereovertakenbyAsSaihah[tormentawfulcry.(asThamd
orShu a i bspeople)],andofthemweresomewhomWecausedtheearthtoswallow[asQrn(Korah)],andofthemweresome
whomWedrowned[asthepeopleofNh(Noah),orFiraun(Pharaoh)andhispeople].ItwasnotAllhWhowrongedthem,butthey
wrongedthemselves. TherearemanysimilarAyahstothesameeffect.Itwasauthentically
reportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Amanisdeprivedofprovisionforasinhecommits

So,Muslimmenandwomenmustbewareofsins,andmustrepentforthatwhattheyhave
committedinthepast.TheyalsoshouldthinkpositivelyaboutAllah,hopingforHis
forgivenessandfearingHiswrathandpunishment.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)saysinHisGlorious
BookaboutHisrighteousservants: Verily,theyusedtohastenontodogooddeeds,andtheyusedtocallonUswith
hopeandfear,andusedtohumblethemselvesbeforeUs.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:337)

He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Thosewhomtheycallupon[likeIs(Jesus)sonofMaryam(Mary),Uzair(Ezra),
angel]desire(forthemselves)meansofaccesstotheirLord(Allh),astowhichofthemshouldbethenearestandthey[Is
(Jesus),Uzair(Ezra),angelsandothers]hopeforHisMercyandfearHisTorment.Verily,theTormentofyourLordis(something)to
beafraidof! and: Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanotherthey
enjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.
polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslmhasforbidden)theyperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),andgivetheZakt,
andobeyAllhandHisMessenger.AllhwillhaveHisMercyonthem.SurelyAllhisAllMighty,AllWise.

However,MuslimmenandwomenaretoseekthemeansthatAllahhaspermitted,placing
theirhopeinHimandfearingHimpursuingthemeanswhilealsoputtingtheirtrustinAllah
anddependingonHimtobringwhattheyhopeforandkeepthemsafefromwhattheyfear.
Indeed,HeistheEverResponsiveandMostGenerous.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
says: AndwhosoeverfearsAllhandkeepshisdutytoHim,Hewillmakeawayforhimtogetout(fromeverydifficulty). AndHe
willprovidehimfrom(sources)henevercouldimagine. He(GlorifiedbeHe)says: andwhosoeverfearsAllhandkeeps
hisdutytoHim,Hewillmakehismattereasyforhim. and: AndallofyoubegAllhtoforgiveyouall,Obelievers,thatyoumaybe
successful

So,youmustrepenttoAllahfromwhateversinsyouhavecommittedinthepastandbe
steadfastinobeyingAllah,whilethinkingpositivelyofHimandfearingHiswrath.Beofgood
cheerandhavethehopeofapositiveend.MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:338)

Committingmajorsinsaffectsone'sfaith

Q:Whatistherulingoncommittingsins,particularlymajorsins?Doesthisaffectone'sfaith?

A : Yes,thishasagreateffectonone'sfaith.CommittingthegravesinssuchasZina(sexual
intercourseand/oradultery),drinkingwine,killingunjustly,consumingRiba(usury),
backbiting,talebearing,etc.,hasanimpactonone'sfaithintheOnenessofAllahand
believinginHim.Itweakensone'sfaith,butaMuslimisnottobeaccusedofKufr(disbelief)
forcommitinganyofthesesins,aslongashedoesnotconsiderthemlawful.AlKhawarij(Kharijites,a
Muslimsectwhorebelledagainstboth`AlibinAbiTalibandMu'awiahbinAbiSufyantofoundtheirindependentgroup,thendenied
theprinciplesoftheSunnahanddividedintovarioussubsects)considerasKafirMuslimswhocommitsinssuch
asZina,theft,beingundutifultoparentsandothermajorsinsevenifsuchapersondoesnot
considertheacttobelawful.ThisisagreatmistakeonthepartofKharijites.AhlAlSunnahwal
Jama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimcommunity)neitherconsidersucha
personaKafir,norbelievethathewillabideintheHellfireforever.Rather,theyviewthatthe
Iman(belief)andTawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah/monotheism)ofthispersonare
incomplete.SuchapersonisnottobeaccusedofcommittingmajorKufr,butthattheirIman
(belief)isincompleteandweak.Therefore,Allahlegislatedthatthefornicatormustbegiven
onehundredlashesandexiledforayearifheorsheisnotmarriedasHadd(legalpenalty).
Allahalsolegislatesthattheintoxicatedpersonistobelashedandnottobeexecuted.This
alsoappliestoathiefwhosehandmustbecutoffandshouldnotbeexecuted.Had
committingZina,intoxicationandrobberycarriedtherulingofmajorKufr(disbelief),they
wouldhavebeenexecutedastheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said:"Whoever(aMuslim)
abandonstheirfaith,istobeexecuted."(RelatedbyAlBukhari(mayAllahbemercifulwith
him)inhisSahih[AuthenticHadithBook]).

ThisindicatesthatcommittingsinsdoesnotconstituteRiddah(apostasy),butweakensand
decreasesone'sfaith.Thus,Allahlegislateddiscipliningthembyapplyingtheseprescribed
penaltiessothattheymayturntotheirLordinrepentanceandbedeterredfromcommitting
whatAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)hasmadeunlawful.TheMu`tazilah(adeviantIslamicsectclaimingthatthosewho
commitmajorsinsareinastatebetweenbeliefanddisbelief)viewthatthesinnerisbetweentworanksandwill

(PartNo:5,PageNo:339)

abideintheHellfireforeveriftheydiebelievinginthis.ThisopinioncontradictsAhlulSunnah
w a lJama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimcommunity)andagreeswiththe
Kharijites.Yet,bothsectsarewrong.

ThecorrectopinionisthefirstonewhichisthebeliefofAhlAlSunnahwalJama`ah(those
adheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimcommunity).Theyviewthatsuchapersonistobe
consideredasinner,thereisweaknessintheirfaith,andisingreatdangerofincurringAllah's
AngerandPunishment.However,theyarenottobeaccusedofcommittingmajorKufr
(disbelief)i.e.,Riddah(apostasy)fromIslam.Consequently,theywillnotremaininthe
Hellfireforeveriftheydiecommittingsomeofthesesins.ThisisuptoAllahifHewills,He
mayforgivethemandifHewills,Hewillpunishtheminproportiontothesinstheydiedupon
AllahwillthentakethemoutofHellfire.NonewillabideintheHellfireforeverexceptthe
disbelievers.AfterspendingtheperiodAllahhasdecreeduponthem,theywillbetakenoutof
HellfireandwillenterParadise.Thisisthepreponderantopinionwhichisreportedrepeatedly
fromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim),unliketheopinionofKharijitesandMutazilites.Allah(Exalted
beHe)says: Verily,AllhforgivesnotthatpartnersshouldbesetupwithHim(inworship),butHeforgivesexceptthat(anything
else)towhomHewills He(GlorifiedbeHe)makeseverythingotherthanShirk(associatingothers
withAllahinHisDivinityorworship)dependentonHisWill,(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).

AsforthosewhodiewhilecommittingmajorShirk(associatingothersinworshipwithAllah),
theywillabideinHellfireforeverandtheywillnotbeadmittedtotheJannah(Paradise)as
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Verily,whosoeversetsuppartners(inworship)withAllh,thenAllhhasforbiddenParadise
tohim,andtheFirewillbehisabode.AndfortheZlimn(polytheistsandwrongdoers)therearenohelpers. Allah(Glorified
beHe)alsosays: ItisnotfortheMushrikn(polytheists,idolaters,pagans,disbelieversintheOnenessofAllh),tomaintain
theMosquesofAllh(i.e.toprayandworshipAllhtherein,tolookaftertheircleanlinessandtheirbuilding,),whiletheywitness
againsttheirownselvesofdisbelief.TheworksofsuchareinvainandinFireshalltheyabide. TherearemanyAyahsto
thesameeffect.

WhenadisbodiententerstheHellfire,theywillremainthereinuntilAllahwills,butwillnot
dwellinHellfireforeverlikethedisbelievers.Theymayremainthereforalongtime,butthis
istemporaryandnotpermanentasthedisbelieversasAllah(mayHebeGlorifiedsaysin
SurahAlFurqanabouttheMushrik(onewhoassociatespartnerswithAllah),themurderer,
andfornicator: www.ircpk.com
(PartNo:5,PageNo:340)

andwhoeverdoesthisshallreceivethepunishment. ThetormentwillbedoubledtohimontheDayofResurrection,andhewill
abidethereinindisgrace Thus,thosewhocommitmajorsinswillabideintheHellfiretemporarily
unlikedisbelieverswhowillabidethereinforever.Asforthepolytheists,Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)saysinSurahAlBaqarah: ThusAllhwillshowthemtheirdeedsasregretsforthem.Andtheywill
nevergetoutoftheFire. InSurahAlMa'idah,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says:withregardtothe
unbelievers: TheywilllongtogetoutoftheFire,butneverwilltheygetouttherefromandtheirswillbealastingtorment.

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BeliefmustaccompanythepronouncementoftheTwoShahadahs

Q:Undoubtedly,thepronouncementoftheTwoShahadahs(TestimoniesofFaith:Thereisno
godbutAllahMuhammadistheMessengerofAllah)mustbeaccompaniedwithbelief,so
whatisrequiredtobebelievedin?

A:Firstly,itisobligatorytoverballypronouncetheTwoShahadahsandanyonewhoiscapable
ofpronouncingthembutrefrainsfromthat,willnotenterIslamuntiltheydo,accordingtothe
Ijma (consensus)ofMuslimscholars.Moreover,thepronunciationshouldbebasedontrue
beliefandconvictioninthemeaningoftheTwoShahadahs,attestingthatthereisnotrue
deityexceptAllah.IfapersonpronouncestheTwoShahadahswhiledisbelievinginthem,like
thehypocriteswhosaythemwhilebelievingthatthereareothergodswithAllah,the
pronunciationwillnotavailthemandtheywillnottrulyembraceIslaminwardly.Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)says: Verily,thehypocriteswillbeinthelowestdepth(grade)oftheFire He(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)says: Andofmankind,therearesome(hypocrites)whosay:"WebelieveinAllhandtheLastDay"whilein
facttheybelievenot. Therefore,itisobligatorytobelievedeepintheheartandhaveYaqin
(certainty)thatthereisnotruedeityexceptAllah.Andifonedisdainstosubmittothe
Shar (Law)ofAllah,theyhavecommittedKufr(disbelief)andtheirpronouncingtheTwo
Shahadahswillnotavailthem.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: ThatisbecauseAllhHeistheTruth(theonly
TrueGodofallthatexists,WhohasnopartnersorrivalswithHim),andwhatthey(thepolytheists)invokebesidesHim,itisBtil
(falsehood).Andverily,AllhHeistheMostHigh,theMostGreat.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:341)

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: AndyourLordsaid:"InvokeMe,[i.e.believeinMyOneness(IslmicMonotheism)and
askMeforanything]Iwillrespondtoyour(invocation).Verily!ThosewhoscornMyworship[i.e.donotinvokeMe,anddonotbelieve
inMyOneness,(IslmicMonotheism)]theywillsurelyenterHellinhumiliation!" Similarly,ifonedisdainstotestify
thatMuhammadistheMessengerofAllahorpronouncesitwhiledisbelievinginit,theyarea
Kafir(disbeliever).TheywillcontinuetobesountiltheybelievethatMuhammadisthe
MessengerofAllahandtheystarttofollowhisShariah(Islamiclaw).ThisisamatterofIjma
amongtheMuslimscholars.ItisAllahAloneWhosehelpcanbesought.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:342)

ImpermissibilityofinitiatinggreetingswithKafirs

Thisletterisfrom Abdul AzizBinAbdullahIbnBaztothehonorablebrotherMr.Sh.A.G.mayAllah


protecthim.

A ssalamualaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllahsPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbe
uponyou!)

InregardtoyourFatwarequestregisteredintheDepartmentofScholarlyResearchandIfta
underno.1841on1/5/1408inwhichyouaskmanyquestions,Iwouldliketoinformyouthat
itisnotpermissibletoinitiategreetingswithnonMuslims.Ontheotherhand,itisSunnah
(actionfollowingtheexampleoftheProphet)togreetMuslims,eveniftheyareknownto
commitsinsbutyoucanadvisethem,commandthemtodogoodandforbidthemfromevil.If,
however,theyinsistontheirsinsandrejectyouradvice,youcanstopinitiatinggreetingswith
themandreturningtheirgreetings.Moreover,thePermanentCommitteeforScholarly
ResearchandIfta haspreviouslyissuedFatwas(legalopinionsissuedbyaqualifiedMuslim
scholar)inthisregardandthecopiesareattachedtothisletter.Youwillfindthembeneficial,
inshaaAllah(ifAllahwills).

MayAllahguideusalltowhatpleasesHim!Peacebeuponyou!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:5,PageNo:343)

Advisingthosewhocommitsinsopenly

Q:WereceivedaletterfromKuwaitinwhichthesenderiscomplainingfromhisMuslim
brotherwhoiscommittingsins.Despiteadvisinghim,hestartedcommittingthesesinsopenly
andtheinquirerwantstoknowwhatheshoulddo.

A : ItisthedutyofMuslimstoadviseoneanother,cooperateinvirtuousnessandpietyand
exhortoneanothertotruthandpatience.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirr
andAtTaqw(virtue,righteousnessandpiety)butdonothelponeanotherinsinandtransgression.AndfearAllh.Verily,Allhis
Severeinpunishment. He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: ByAlAsr(thetime). Verily,manisinloss, Exceptthose
whobelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommendoneanothertothetruth[i.e.orderoneanotherto
performallkindsofgooddeeds(AlMaruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeeds(AlMunkar
whichAllhhasforbidden],andrecommendoneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,andinjurieswhichonemayencounter
inAllhsCauseduringpreachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd). Further,theProphet(peacebeupon
him)said, Religionissincerity!Theysaid,Towhom,OMessengerofAllah?He(peacebeuponhim)answered,ToAllah,His
Book,HisMessenger,andtheImams(leaders)ofMuslimsandtheircommonpeople. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih
[AuthenticHadithBook])TheseAyahs(Quranicverses)andHadithstresstheobligationof
advisingoneanother,helpingoneanotheringoodnessandexhortingoneanothertothe
Truth.Therefore,ifaMuslimfindstheirbrotherneglectinganyofthedutiesthatAllahhas
laiduponhimorcommittingaprohibitedact,theyshouldadvisehim,enjoingoodandforbid
evilwiththeaimofhavingabettersocietyfullofgoodnessandfreefromevil.Allah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)says: Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofone
anothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)from
AlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslmhasforbidden)

(PartNo:5,PageNo:344)

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Anyoneofyouwhoseesanevilaction,letthemchangeitwiththeirhand(by
takingaction)iftheycannot,thenwiththeirtongue(byspeakingout)andiftheycannot,thenwiththeirheart(byhatingitand
feelingthatitiswrong)andthatistheweakestofIman(faith). (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih)Dear
questioner,sinceyouhaveadvisedyourMuslimbrotherandguidedhimtotheRightPathbut
hestillinsistsoncommittingsinsopenly,youshouldabandonhimandnottakehimasyour
friend.Youshouldencourageotherswhomayhaveaninfluenceonhimorwhomherespects
moretoadvisehimandinvitehimtoAllah,maybehewillbeguided.However,ifyoufindthat
abandoninghimmakeshimcommitmoresinswhereasbeingincontactwithhimdetershim
andisbetterforhisreligion,donotabandonhim.Basically,abandonmentismeantasa
remedyandiftheremedyincreasestheillness,dropitandkeeponadvisinghim,enjoining
goodandforbiddingevilwithouttakinghimasacompanionoraclosefriend,mayAllahbring
benefitbyit.ThisisthebestopiniongivenbyMuslimscholars(mayAllahbemercifultothem
all)inthisregard.

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(PartNo:5,PageNo:345)

Rulingonfuneralceremonies

Q:Accordingtoourcustoms,whensomeonedies,peoplegatheroutsidetheirhouse,
ornamentallightbulbsarehung(likeinweddings)andthedeceased'sfamilylineup.
Condolerspassbyeachoneofthem,puttheirhandsontheirchestsandsupplicatetoAllahfor
themsaying"MayAllahrewardyougreatly!"Isthisgatheringandthesepracticesin
accordancetoSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet)?Iftheyarenot,whatisthe
Sunnahinthissituation?Please,enlightenusandmayAllahrewardyouwell!

A : YourpracticeisnotinaccordancetotheSunnahandwedonotknowofanybasisforitin
Shariah(Islamiclaw).TheSunnahistoconsolethebereavedfamilyinnospecialwayand
withoutholdinganygatherings.Moreover,itispermissibleforMuslimstoconsolethe
bereavedfamilyinthehouse,ontheroad,attheMasjid(mosque)orinthegraveyard,
whetherbeforeoraftertheFuneralPrayer.Itisalsopermissibletoshakehandswiththe
bereavedandsupplicatetoAllahforthem,saying"MayAllahrewardyougreatly,consoleand
comfortyou,andcompensateyouforyourdistress!"IfthedeceasedisaMuslim,theyask
Allahtoforgivethemandbemercifultothem.Similarly,itispermissibleforwomentoconsole
oneanother,mentoconsolewomenandviceversa,providedthatconsolationdoesnot
involveKhulwah(beingalonewithamemberoftheoppositesex)orshakinghandsifthe
womanisnonMahram(notaspouseoranunmarriageablerelative).MayAllahguideMuslims
tounderstandingHisReligionandholdingfasttoit,forHeistheBestOnetobeasked!

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RulingonrecitingAlFatihahoverthegravesoftheAwliya

Q:Whatistherulingonvisitingthegraves,especiallyoftheAwliya(piouspeople)ascalled
insomeneighboringArabcountriesandrecitingAlFatihah?Nevertheless,someadmitthat
theydonotintendShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship),butclaim
thatiftheydonotvisitthem,theywillcometotheminadreamaskingthem,whytheyhad
notcome?Whatistherulingonthisaction?MayAllahrewardyoubest.

A:ItisanactofSunnahformentovisitgraves,aslegislatedbyAllah(GlorifiedbeHe).

(PartNo:5,PageNo:346)

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: VisitthegravesfortheyremindyouoftheHereafter. (Relatedby


ImamMusliminhisSahih[AuthenticHadithBook])ItwasreportedalsobyMusliminhis
SahihontheauthorityofBuraydahibnAlHusayb(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thathesaid: The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)usedtoteachhisSahabah(Companions)tosaythefollowingwhenvisitingthegraves:Assalamu
alaykum(MayAllahsPeacebeuponyou),dwellersoftheabode,frombelieversandMuslimsandifAllahwills,weshalljoinyou.I
begofAllahsafetyforusandyou.

ItwasauthenticallyreportedontheauthorityofAishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)that
theProphet(peacebeuponhim)usedtosaywhenvisitingthegraves: Assalamualaykum(May
A l l a hsPeacebeuponyou),dwellersoftheabode,frombelieversandMuslims.MayAllahhavemercyuponthosewhohavegone
aheadofus,andthosewhocomelateron.[Accordingtoanothernarrationhe(peacebeuponhim)added:OAllah,forgivethepeople
ofBaqi A lGharqad.] He(peacebeuponhim)didnotreciteSurah(Quranicchapter)AlFatihahor
anyotherSurahwhenvisitingthegraves.RecitingitatthetimeofthevisitisBidah
(innovationinreligion).TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Anyonewhointroducessomethingintothis
matterofours(Islam)thatisnotpartofitwillhaveitrejected. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim)
InanarrationbyMuslim(mayAllahbemercifultohim),theProphet(peacebeuponhim)is
reportedtohavesaid: Anyonewhodoesanactionwhichisnotinaccordancewiththismatterofours(Islam)willhaveit
rejected. IntheSahihBookofMuslimontheauthorityofJabiribnAbdullahAlAnsary(mayAllahbe
pleasedwiththem),theProphet(peacebeuponhim)usedtosayinhisKhutbah(sermon)on
Friday, ThebestofspeechistheBookofAllah,thebestofguidanceistheguidanceofMuhammad(peacebeuponhim),themost
evilofmattersarethosewhicharenewlyinvented(inreligion),andeveryBidah(innovationinreligion)isaDalalah(deviationfrom
theright). ThesameHadithwasrelatedbyAlNasaywiththefollowingaddition: EveryDalalahwillbe
intheFire

MuslimsshouldabidebythepurifiedShar(Law)andavoidcommittingBidahswhenvisiting
thegravesorotherplaces.VisitationisMashru(Islamicallypermissible)forthegravesofall
MuslimsAwliya ornotsinceallmaleorfemalebelieversareAwliya(piousservants)of
Allah.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Nodoubt!Verily,theAuliyofAllh[i.e.thosewhobelieveinthe
OnenessofAllhandfearAllhmuch(abstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeedswhichhehasforbidden),andloveAllhmuch
(performallkindsofgooddeedswhichHehasordained)],nofearshallcomeuponthemnorshalltheygrieve. Thosewhobelieved
(intheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism),andusedtofearAllhmuch(byabstainingfromevildeedsandsinsandbydoing
righteousdeeds). InSurah(Quranicchapter)AlAnfal,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: andtheyarenotits
guardians?NonecanbeitsguardiansexceptAlMuttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2),butmostofthemknownot.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:347)

Itisnotpermissibleforthevisitorsorotherstoinvokethedead,seektheirhelp,vowfor
themorslaughtersacrificesattheirgravesoratanyotherplace,inawaytodrawcloserto
theminthehopethattheyintercedeontheirbehalfortohealtheirsickpeopleorgivethem
victoryovertheirenemies,andsoon.AllthesematterscomeunderIbadah(worship)which
shouldbealldevotedtoAllahAlone.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Andtheywerecommandednot,but
thattheyshouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim) And: AndI(Allh)
creatednotthejinnandmankindexceptthattheyshouldworshipMe(Alone). And: AndthemosquesareforAllh(Alone):so
invokenotanyonealongwithAllh. And: AndyourLordhasdecreedthatyouworshipnonebutHim. And: So,callyou(O
Muhammadandthebelievers)upon(orinvoke)Allhmaking(your)worshippureforHim(Alone)(byworshipping
nonebutHimandbydoingreligiousdeedssincerelyforAllhssakeonlyandnottoshowoffandnottosetuprivalswithHimin
worship),howevermuchthedisbelievers(intheOnenessofAllh)mayhate(it). And: Say(OMuhammad):
"Verily,mySalt(prayer),mysacrifice,myliving,andmydyingareforAllh,theLordoftheAlamn(mankind,jinnandallthat
exists). "Hehasnopartner.AndofthisIhavebeencommanded,andIamthefirstoftheMuslims." Therearemany
Ayahs(Quranicverses)tothesameeffect.ItwasauthenticallyreportedthattheMessenger
ofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said: TherightofAllahoverHisSlavesisthattheyshouldworshipHimandnotassociate
anythingwithHim. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim)ontheauthorityofMuadh(may
Allahbepleasedwithhim).ThisincludesallactsofworshiplikeSalah(Prayer),Sawm(Fast),
Ruku (bowing),Sujud(prostration),Hajj,Dua(supplication),sacrifice,vowsandothers,as
mentionedinthepreviousAyahs.ItwasreportedintheSahihBookofMuslimontheauthority
o f Aly(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said:"Allah www.ircpk.com
cursestheonewhosacrificestoanyoneotherthanAllah."ItwasreportedintheSahihBookof
A lBukhariontheauthorityofUmaribnAlKhattab(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thattheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said: Donotexaggerateinpraisingmeas

(PartNo:5,PageNo:348)

theChristiansexaggeratedinpraisingthesonofMary,forIamonlyHisslaverather,say,TheSlaveofAllahandHisMessenger.
TherearemanyknownHadithscommandingdevotingIbadahtoAllahAloneandforbiddingShirk.Asforwomen,theyshouldnotvisit
graves,fortheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim) Cursedthewomenwhovisitgraves. ThewisdombehindthisAllahknows
bestisthattheirvisitmaycauseFitnah(temptation)forthemandformen.AtthebeginningofIslam,visitingthegraveswas
forbiddentoblockallmeansandwaysleadingtoShirk.However,whenIslambecamewidespreadandTawhid(beliefintheOneness
ofAllah)prevailed,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)allowedvisitationforall,thenspecifiedthatwomenareprohibitedfromvisiting
graves,toblockallmeansleadingtoFitnah.

AsforthegravesofKafirs(disbelievers/nonMuslims),thereisnoproblemtovisitthemoutofremembranceoftheHereafterand
learninglessonsbutoneshouldnotinvokeAllahforthemoraskHimtoforgivethem.ItwasauthenticallyreportedintheSahihBook
ofMuslimthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)askedAllahsPermissiontoaskforgivenessforhismother,buthewasnotpermitted,
andwhenheaskedAllahsPermissiontovisithergrave,hewaspermittedthisisbecauseshediedinJahiliyyah(preIslamictimeof
ignorance),whileembracingthereligionofherpeople.

IaskAllahtoguideMuslimsmaleandfemaletounderstandreligionandtoadheretoitthroughtheirwords,actionsandbeliefs.I
askAllahtoprotectusallfromallviolationsagainstthepurifiedShar.HeistheoneCapableofdoingso.MayAllahsPeaceand
BlessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamilyandCompanions.

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(PartNo:5,PageNo:349)

Rulingonstudentsstandingupforteachers

Q:Whatisthereligiousrulingonstudentsstandingupforteachersoutofrespect?

A : Maleandfemalestudentsshouldnotstandupforateachertheleastthatcanbesaid
aboutsuchanactisthatitishighlyMakruh(reprehensible).Anas(mayAllahbepleasedwith
him)said, Noneamongthepeoplewasmorebelovedtothem(i.e.,theCompanions)thantheMessengerofAllah(peacebe
uponhim),yetwhentheysawhimnoneofthemstoodupforhim,fortheyknewhowmuchhehatedthat. TheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said, Whoeverlikesthepeopletostandupforhim,lethimtakehisplaceinHell.

Thisrulingappliesequallytobothmalesandfemales.MayAllahguideustoallthatpleases
HimandwardofffromusmattersthataredispleasingtoHimandmayHekeepusawayfrom
whatHeprohibited.WeimploreAllahtograntusallusefulknowledgeandhelpusactuponit.
HeistheMostMunificentandGenerous.

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(PartNo:5,PageNo:350)

UsefulanswersrelatedtodreamsandSawmonbehalfofthedead

FromAbdulAzizibnAbdullahibnBaztothehonorablebrotherN.H.A.MayAllahguidehim!

A ssalamualaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllahsPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbe
uponyou.)

YourletterreachedmemayyoureachtoallgoodbyAllahsGuidance.Itincludedfive
questionsandfollowingaretheiranswers:First,yourmotherhadarepeateddreamabout
collectingsomesheepandeverytimeshecollectssome,theothersgoloose,tillshefelttired.

A : SuchadreamisMakruh(reprehensible).ItisprescribedbyShariah(Islamiclaw)forwhoeverseessuch
abaddreamtospitdrilyontheleftsidethreetimesuponwakingup,andseekrefugewithAllahthreetimes
fromSatanandfromtheevilofwhattheysaw(inthedream).Thentheyshouldgobacktosleepontheir
othersideandwhattheysawwillnotharmthem.Also,theyshouldnottellanyoneaboutwhattheysaw.
TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, AgooddreamisfromAllahandabaddreamisfromSatan.Thus,whoeverhas
seen(inadream)somethingtheydislike,theyshouldspitdrilythricetotheirleftsideandseekrefugewithAllahfromitsevilforitwill
notharmthem.Accordingtoanothernarration,LetthemseekrefugewithAllahfromitsevilandnotmentionittoanyone,foritwill
notharmthem. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim)

Asforthehegoatwhichyourmothertookfromthesheepwhichmixedwithherownsheep,withouttelling
itsowner,thenslaughteredandateit,sheshouldofferTawbah(repentancetoAllah)forthisact.Sheshould
payitsvalueatthattimetoitsownerifshedoesnotknowhim,sheshouldgivethevalueincharityforthe
pooronhisbehalf.IaskAllahtoforgiveherandusandallMuslims.

Second,yourmotherseesmanytimesindreamshersickmotherduringherlifetimeandafter
herdeath.

Theanswertothisquestionisthesameasthepreviousone,foritisaMakruhdreamfromSatan.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:351)

Itisobligatoryuponwhoeverseesabaddreamtodoaswesaidintheanswerofthefirstquestion.

Third,yourgrandmothersufferedfromanearlychronicdiseaseandusedtobreaktheSawm
(Fast)inRamadanandtomakeupforthedaysshemissedlaterandyourmotherusedtohelp
herbyfastingonherbehalf.

A : ItisnotpermissibleforsomeonetoobserveSawmonbehalfofanotherlivingperson.Yourgrandmother
isnowdeadmayAllahbemercifultohersoitisprescribedforyourmothertofastonherbehalfthe
dayswhichshefastedonherbehalfwhileshewasstillalive,forherSawmonherbehalfduringherlifetime
wouldnotcount.Ifshecouldnotfastagain,sheispermittedtogiveincharityonherbehalfhalfaSa(1Sa
= 2.172kg)ofdatesorotherstaplefoodofyourareathisisapproximatelyequivalenttooneandahalf
KilobesideinvokingAllahtoforgiveherandhavemercyuponher.

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(PartNo:5,PageNo:352)

PermissibilityofsettingoutonajourneytocomprehendandlistentotheQuranfromagood
reciter

Q:Inourcity,thereisagoodreciterofQuranwhoobservesKhushu(theheartbeingattuned
totheactofworship)inSalah(Prayer)towhompeoplecomefromremotecities,suchas
Riyadh,theEasternRegionandAlBahaandothers.Whatistherulingontheircomingtopray
behindhim?IsitrightthattheyfallundertheprohibitionreportedintheHadiththatreads,
DonotsetoutonajourneyexcepttothreeMasjids(mosques):AlMasjidAlHaram(theSacredMosqueinMakkah),the
MasjidoftheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)(AlMasjidAlNabawyinMadinah),andAlMasjidAlAqsa(AlAqsaMosquein
Jerusalem)? Kindlyguideus.MayAllahrewardyoubest.

A.B.F.AlQasim

A : Wedonotknowofanythingwrongwiththatrather,thiscomesundersettingoutona
journeyinquestofknowledge,andtocomprehendandlistentotheEverGloriousQuranfrom
agoodreciter.Travelingforthispurposedoesnotfallundertheprohibitedsettingoutmeant
bytheHadith.Musa(Moses,peacebeuponhim)undertookagreatjourneytomeetAlKhadir
(peacebeuponhim)atthejunctionofthetwoseasseekingknowledge.Scholarsamongthe
Sahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet)andthosewhocameafterthemusedtotravelallover
territoriesandcountriesinquestofknowledge.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Anyone
whotravelsapathseekingknowledge,AllahwillmakeeasyforthemapathtoJannah(Paradise). (RelatedbyImamMuslimin
hisSahih[AuthenticHadithBook])

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(PartNo:5,PageNo:353)

Rulingontakingbooksfromschoollibraries

Q:AMuslimsisterfromUnayzahintheKingdomofSaudiArabiaposesthefollowingquestion,
Duringmypaststudyingyears,wehadinourschoolalibrarywhichincludesalargenumber
ofbooksandmagazineswhichwereofnointerestforthestudents.Ilovereadingandkeeping
books.Ilikedthereligious,medicalandnarrativebooksinourlibraryandborrowedabout
fourbookstoreadthemandthentogivethemback.However,duetobeingengagedin
studying,Iforgottogivethembacktothelibrary.Threeyearsaftergraduatingfromthe
school,afriendtoldmethatitisHaram(prohibited)tokeepthesebookwithmeandthatI
shouldgivethembacktothelibraryandthatIamtobeaccountedforthisontheDayof
Resurrection.YoushouldbearinmindthatIwasignorantofthisrulingwhenIborrowed
them.Moreover,thelibrarywasofnointerestfortheteachersorstudents.Besides,Ibenefit
fromthesebooksmuch,particularlythereligiousones,andIdonotwanttogivethemback.
Whatistheruling?MayAllahrewardyouwell.

A : Youshouldgivethesebooksbacktothelibrary,fortheycomeunderthesamerulingofWaqf
(endowment)forthelibrary.Nooneispermittedtotakebooksfromgenerallibrariesorschoollibraries
withoutaskingpermissionfromthepersoninchargebywayofborrowingforaspecifiedperiod.Youshould
alsorepenttoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)forthisact.WeaskAllahtoforgiveyou,forHeistheBesttobeasked.

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(PartNo:5,PageNo:354)

Obeyingthefatherkindly

Q:AMuslimbrotherfromtheArabRepublicofEgyptafterofferinggreetingstoYour
Eminenceasksaboutwhatshouldhedowithhisfatherwhocommitsdeedsthatviolatethe
rulesandethicsoftheShariah(Islamiclaw).

A : W a alaykumAssalamwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllahsPeace,Mercy,and
Blessingsbeuponyoutoo!)

WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)toguideyourfatherandhelphimtorepent.Weadviseyoutobe
lenientwithhimandtoofferhimadviceinakindwayandnevertogiveupthehopeofhis
beingguided.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says, AndWehaveenjoinedonman(tobedutifulandgood)tohisparents.
Hismotherborehiminweaknessandhardshipuponweaknessandhardship,andhisweaningisintwoyearsgivethankstoMeand
toyourparents.UntoMeisthefinaldestination. Butifthey(both)strivewithyoutomakeyoujoininworshipwithMeothersthatof
whichyouhavenoknowledge,thenobeythemnotbutbehavewiththemintheworldkindly,andfollowthepathofhimwhoturnsto
Meinrepentanceandinobedience. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)ordersustothankparentsalong
withthankingHimandtoaccompanytheminthisworldlylifewithappropriatekindness,even
iftheystrivetomakeonedisbelieveinAllah.Thus,youlearnthatIslamenjoinsonyouto
behavekindlywithyourfatheranddogoodtohimevenifhedoesyouwrong.Youshould
strivetocallhimtoAlHaqq(theTruth),hopingthatAllahmayguidehimthroughyou.Itis
notpermissibleforyoutoobeyhiminasin.WeadviseyoualsotoseekhelpfromAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)toguidehimandthenfromyourrighteousrelativessuchas
unclesandotherswhomyourfatherappreciateandrespecthopingthathemayaccepttheir
advice.WeaskAllahtograntus,youandyourfatherguidanceandsincereTawbah.HeisAll
Hearer,EverNear.Assalamualaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllahsPeace,
Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

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(PartNo:5,PageNo:355)

Miscellaneousquestionsandtheiranswers

Q1:ManyMuslimsarelenientregardingrulingbyotherthanAllahsLawandthinkthatthis
leniencydoesnotaffecttheiradherencetoIslam.Someevendeemjudgingbylawsotherthan
thoserevealedbyAllahaslawfulandareindifferenttotheconsequencesofthis.Whatisthe
rulingonthis?

A : Thisrequiresadetailedanswer.Anyonewhorulesbylawsotherthanthoselaiddownby
AllahwhileknowingtheobligationofrulingaccordingtotheLawrevealedbyAllah,andis
awarethatbydoingsotheyhaveviolatedtheShariah(Islamiclaw),butinspiteofthisthey
regardthismatteraspermissibleandbelievethattheyhavedonenothingwrongandthatitis
permissibletorulebyotherthanAllahsLawisaKafir(disbeliever)whoisguiltyofmajorKufr
(disbelief)accordingtoallMuslimscholars.RulingaccordingtootherthanShariahincludes
judgmentaccordingtomanmadelawswhicharelaiddownbyChristians,Jewsandthelike
whoclaimthatitispermissibletousetheselawsinjudgment,orclaimthattheyarebetter
thanorasgoodasAllahsLaws,andthatpeoplehavethechoiceeithertoruleaccordingto
theQuranandSunnahormanmadelaws.Indeed,anyonewhobelievesinthevalidityof
theseaforementionedclaimshascommittedKufrbytheIjma(consensus)ofMuslimscholars
asmentionedpreviously.AsforthosewhorulebyotherthanAllahsrevealedLawtosatisfy
aninclinationortosecureatransientworldlygain,whileadmittingthatbydoingsotheyare
disobeyingAllahandHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)andhavecommittedagraveMunkar
(anactunacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)andthat
itisobligatoryonthemtoruleaccordingtoAllahsLaw,theywillnotbeguiltyofmajorKufr.
Nevertheless,theyareguiltyofagraveMunkar,amajorsinandaminoractofKufr
(disbelief)thisistheopinionofIbnAbbas,Mujahidandotherscholars.Bydoingsotheyarejudged
tohavecommittedanactofKufr,Zhulm(injustice),andFisq(flagrantviolationofIslamiclaw)
thatdoestakethemoutofIslam,asitdoesnotconstitutemajorKufr.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:356)

ThisistheopinionofAhlu lSunnahwalJamaah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandthe
Muslimmainbody).Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Andsojudge(youOMuhammad)among
thembywhatAllhhasrevealed AndwhosoeverdoesnotjudgebywhatAllhhasrevealed,sucharetheKfirn(i.e.disbelievers
ofalesserdegreeastheydonotactonAllhsLaws). AndwhosoeverdoesnotjudgebythatwhichAllhhasrevealed,suchare
theZlimn(polytheistsandwrongdoersofalesserdegree). AndwhosoeverdoesnotjudgebywhatAllhhasrevealed(then)
such(people)aretheFsiqn[therebelliousi.e.disobedient(ofalesserdegree)toAllh]. Butno,byyourLord,theycanhaveno
Faith,untiltheymakeyou(OMuhammad)judgeinalldisputesbetweenthem,andfindinthemselvesno
resistanceagainstyourdecisions,andaccept(them)withfullsubmission. Dotheythenseekthejudgementof(thedaysof)
TheJudgmentofAllahis
Ignorance?AndwhoisbetterinjudgementthanAllhforapeoplewhohavefirmFaith.
certainlythebestjudgmentandmustbefollowedforitachievesthewelfareandhappinessof
thisUmmah(Muslimnation),inthisworldandinthehereafter,andthewellbeingofthe
entireworld,butregretfullymostpeopleareunawareofthisfact.AllahistheOnesoughtfor
help.ThereisneithermightnorpowerexceptwithAllah,TheMostHigh,theMostGreat.

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Q2:IsitsufficienttopronouncethefirstPillarofIslam,thatistheShahadah(Testimonyof
Faith):LailahaillaAllah,MuhammadRasulAllah(ThereisnodeitybutAllah,Muhammadis
theMessengerofAllah),orthereareothertenetsthatmustbefulfilledinordertocomplete
onesembraceofIslam?

A : IfanonMuslimtestifiesthatthereisnodeitybutAllahandthatMuhammadisthe
MessengerofAllahoutofbeliefandYaqin(certainty),andawarenessofthemeaning,and
actsaccordingtothis,theyhaveenteredIslam.Thepersonshouldthenbeaskedtooffer
Salah(Prayer)andtofulfilltheotherrulesofIslam.WhentheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
sentMuadhtoYemen,he(peacebeuponhim)saidtohim, InvitethemtotestifythatthereisnogodbutAllahand
thatMuhammadistheMessengerofAllah.Iftheyobeyyouinthat,informthemthatAllahhasenjoinedonthemfiveprayers(tobe
offered)ineverydayandnight.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:357)

Iftheyobeyyouinthat,informthemthatAllahhasenjoinedonthemSadaqah(i.e.obligatorycharity)tobetakenfromtherichamong
themandgiventothepooramongthem. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)orderedthattheyshouldbedirectedtoperformSalah
andgiveZakah(obligatorycharity)aftertheydeclareTawhid(OnenessofAllah)andIman(faith)intheMessenger(peacebeupon
him).IfanonMuslimdoesso,theytaketherulingofMuslims.TheyshouldthenbeaskedtoofferSalahandobservetheother
religiousprinciples.Iftheyrefrainfromdoingthem,theywillfallunderotherrulings,suchasiftheyabandonSalahtherulermustask
suchapersontorepentotherwise,theywillbesubjecttocapitalpunishment.ThesameappliestotherestoftherulingsofIslam,
accordingtowhichtheyshouldbedealtwithastheydeserve.

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Q3:WeheardofthepeoplecalledGogandMagogintheGloriousQuran,wherearetheynow
andwhatistheirroleintodaysworld?

A:GogandMagogarehumanbeingswhowillemergetowardstheendoftime.Theyliveintheeasternpart
oftheworld.TurksarefromthosepeoplebuttheywereleftoutsidethedamwhereasGogandMagogremained
behindtheDam.Turkswereoutsidethedam. However,GogandMagogareamongtheeasternpeoples
whichliveintheFarEast,suchasthePeoplesRepublicofChinaandneighboringareas.Thetimewhenthey
emergewillfollowtheemergenceofAlDajjal(theAntichrist)andthedescentofIsa(Jesus,peacebeupon
him),sonofMaryam(Mary,peacebeuponher).TheywerethosewhoremainedbehindthedamwhichDhu
A lQarnaynbuilt,frominsidewhiletheTurksandTatarswereoutside.WhenitisthetimethatAllah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)haswilledforthem,theywillcomeoutfromtheirlocationandspreadintheearth.Theywill
createserioustroublesintheearth.ThenAllahwillsendmaggots(myiasis)uponthemthatwillattacktheir
necksuntiltheyperishasifasingleperson.ThisisasauthenticallyreportedintheauthenticHadithsofthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim).TheProphetIsa(peacebeuponhim)andMuslimswillfortifythemselves
againstthesepeopleasthiswilloccurinthetimeofIsa(peacebeuponhim)aftertheemergenceofAl
Dajjal.

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(PartNo:5,PageNo:358)

Q4:AllpraisebetoAllahAlone,IamaMuslimwoman.ItrytodoallthatpleasesAllahand
adheretotheIslamicHijab(veil).However,mymother,mayAllahforgiveher,doesnotwant
metoweartheHijabandordersmetogotocinemasandtowatchtelevisionandvideos,etc.
Shetellsme,"Ifyoudonotamuseyourself,youwillgrowoldandyourhairwillturngrey."

A:Itisyourdutytobegentlewithyourmother,dogoodtoherandspeaktoherinarespectfulmanner,for
amotherhasagreatrightonherchildren.However,onemustnotobeyonesmotheroranyoneelseinevil
matters.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, ObedienceisonlyinMaruf(thatwhichisjudgedasgood,beneficial,or
fittingbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect). Thereshouldbenoobediencetoanycreatedbeingifitinvolvesdisobedience
Thisappliestoafather,husband,andothersnooneistobeobeyedinanactthatinvolves
totheCreator.
disobediencetoAllahincompliancetothepreviouslymentionedHadith.However,awife,sonandthelike
shouldshowkindnessandusegoodwaystosolveproblemsthroughillustratingtheevidenceofShariah
(IslamicLaw)andtheobligationofobeyingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)
andtheseriousnessofdisobeyingthem.Moreover,oneshouldbecharacterizedbyperseverancetothetruth
anddisobedienceofthosewhourgecontradictingtheOrdinancesofAllahbeitahusband,afather,a
motheroranyoneelse.Itshouldbementionedthatthereisnoharminwatchingprogramsthatdonot
involvedisapprovedthingssuchasscientificseminars,usefullessons.Onemustensurethatwhatisviewed
ontelevisionandvideosaredevoidofanyscenescondemnedbyShari ah.Goingtothecinemais
impermissibleowingtowhatitisshowedinitfromtheprohibitedthings.

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Q5:WehearthatsomepeoplenametheirsonsAbdulRasul(SlaveoftheMessenger),Abdul
Naby(SlaveoftheProphet)andAbdulHasan(SlaveofAlHasan).Whatistheruling?

A : ItisnotpermissibletodeclareapersontobeanAbd(slave)tootherthanAllah(Glorified
beHe).AbuMuhammadibnHazm,thefamousImam,said:"They(scholars)areagreedthatallnames
whichindicateservitudetootherthanAllahsuchasAbdAmrandAbdulKabahandsoon,
areHaram(prohibited)exceptA b du lMuttalib."Itisnotpermissibletogivenamesthat
indicateworshippingotherthanAllah,suchasAbdulNaby,AbdulKabah,AbdAly,Abdul
Hasan

(PartNo:5,PageNo:359)

AbdulHusaynandthelike.AsforAbdulMuhsin,itispermissible,sinceAlMuhsin(The
Beneficent)isoneoftheBeautifulNamesofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).

ThenameslikedmostbyAllahareAbdullah(SlaveofAllah)andAbdulRahman(Slaveofthe
MostMerciful)andthetruestareHarith(i.e.cultivator,plowmanetc)andHammam
(energetic,spiritedetc).ItwasreportedontheauthorityofIbnUmar,asaHadithMarfu(a
HadithnarratedfromtheProphetwithaconnectedordisconnectedchainofnarration)that:
ThedearestnamestoAllahare Abdullahand AbdulRahman. (RelatedbyMuslim,AbuDawudandAlTirmidhy)Ina
narrationbyAlTabaranyontheauthorityofIbnMasud,hesaid: ThedearestnamestoAllaharethosethatindicate
servitudetoHimandthetruestnamesareHarithandHammam.

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Q6:IlistentotheNuralaAlDarb(LightonthePath)program.Ihavebenefitedmuchfrom
it,especially,whenIlearnedfromthisprogramthatAwliya(piouspeople)andthedeadavail
mannothing.WhenIinformedmyfamilyaboutthis,theyaccusedmeofKufr(disbelief)and
toldmethatAwliyawillhurtmeandevendreamtthatthesepiouspersonsattackedme.
WhatdoyousaytothosepeoplewhosemindsaresaturatedwithsuperstitionsandBidahs
(innovationinreligion)thatarewidespreadinArabcountries?

A : WeadviseeveryonetofearAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)andknowthathappinessandsalvationin
thislifeandintheHereafterlieinworshippingAllahAloneandfollowinginthefootstepsoftheProphet
(peacebeuponhim),forhe(peacebeuponhim)isthebestofAwliya(piouspersons).Indeed,Messengers
andProphets(peacebeuponthem)arethefinestpeopleandthebestofthepiousandrighteous.Those
rankedaftertheminexcellencearetheSahabah(Companions)oftheProphets(mayAllahbepleasedwith
them)andthenthosewhofollowthem.ThebestgenerationofthisUmmah(Muslimnation)aretheSahabah
ofourProphet(peacebeuponhim)andthenotherbelieversaccordingtotheirrespectiveranksanddegrees
inpiety.

ThetrueAwliya arethepeopleofrighteousnessandcommittedadherencetoobeyingAllahandHis
Messenger.OurProphetMuhammadibnAbdullah(peacebeuponhim)standsattheheadoftheprophets
andafterthemhisSahabah(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)andthentheclosesttotheminpietyandthen
thosenexttothem,accordingtotheirdegreesinsincerityandfaithasclarifiedabove.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:360)

Itisrequiredofustolovethemandimitatetheirexampleingoodnessandrighteousdeeds,butitisnot
permissibleforustobeattachedtothemandworshipthembesidesorinsteadofAllahortosupplicateto
them,turntothemforsupport,ortoaskthemforhelpsuchassaying,"OMessengerofAllah,helpme!O
Ali,helpme!OAlHasan,helpmeorsupportme!OShaykhAbdulQadirorothers,helpme!"Worshipis
solelytheRightofAllah.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Omankind!WorshipyourLord(Allh),Whocreated
youandthosewhowerebeforeyousothatyoumaybecomeAlMuttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2). And InvokeMe,[i.e.believein
MyOneness(IslmicMonotheism)andaskMeforanything]Iwillrespondtoyour(invocation). And Andtheywerecommanded
not,butthattheyshouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim) IsnotHe
(betterthanyourgods)Whorespondstothedistressedone,whenhecallsonHim,andWhoremovestheevil And Andwhoever
invokes(orworships),besidesAllh,anyotherilh(god),ofwhomhehasnoproofthenhisreckoningisonlywithhisLord.Surely!
A lKfirn(thedisbelieversinAllhandintheOnenessofAllh,polytheists,pagans,idolaters)willnotbesuccessful. Allahcalls
them"Kafirun"(i.e.disbelievers)forhavinginvokedothersbesidesAllah.Moreover,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)
says, AndthemosquesareforAllh(Alone):soinvokenotanyonealongwithAllh. Also, SuchisAllh,yourLordHisisthe
kingdom.Andthose,whomyouinvokeorcalluponinsteadofHim,ownnotevenaQitmr(thethinmembraneoverthedatestone).
Ifyouinvoke(orcallupon)them,theyhearnotyourcallandif(incase)theyweretohear,theycouldnotgrantit(yourrequest)to
you.AndontheDayofResurrection,theywilldisownyourworshippingthem.Andnonecaninformyou(OMuhammad
)likeHimWhoistheAllKnower(ofeverything).

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)illustratesthatthosewhomtheycalluponforhelpbesidesHimincludingMessengers,
Awliya,orothersdonotheartheircalls.Theyeithercallthedead,orthoseoccupiedwithworshippingtheir
Lordliketheangels,orpeoplenotpresentwhocannothearthem,orinanimatebeingsthatneitherhearnor
perceiveanything.Then,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)informsusthatifthoseworshippedweretohearsuchcalls,
theywouldnotrespondandwilldeclinethisworshipontheDayofJudgment.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:361)

Accordingly,itisknownthatAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)istheOneWhohearstheinvocationsand
answersthesupplicantifHe(GlorifiedbeHe)wills.HeistheonlySustainerWhocanextendbenefitand
inflictHarmtheSovereignoverall,Abletodoallthings.

Therefore,oneshouldbecautiousagainsttheworshipofotherthanAllahorgettingattachedtothedead,
theabsent,inanimatebeings,orothercreatures.Theyneitherhearinvocationsnoraretheyabletoextend
benefitorharm.Asforpresent,livingpeople,thereisnothingwronginseekingtheirhelpinmatterswithin
theircapacity.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysinthestoryofMusa, Themanofhis(own)partyaskedhim
forhelpagainsthisfoe AnotherexampleofthisiscallinguponMuslimsbrothersforhelpwhenfacingAllahs
enemiesintheCauseofAllah.Indeed,AllahistheOneWhograntssuccess.

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Q:IsitpermissibletomakeaKhatmah(onecompletereadingofthewholeQuran)onbehalf
ofmyparents,giventhattheyareilliterate?IsitpermissibletomakeaKhatmahforaliterate
personwhomIwanttogivethisKhatmahasapresent?Isitpermissibletodedicatethe
Khatmahformorethanoneperson?

A : ThereisnomentionneitherintheEverGloriousQurannorinthepurifiedSunnah(whateverisreported
fromtheProphet)thattheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)ortheSahabah(Companionsofthe
Prophet)gaveanyevidencetothepermissibilityofgiftingtherecitationoftheEverGloriousQuranto
parentsoranyoneelse.RecitingtheEverGloriousQuranisdecreedinordertobenefitfromitandto
contemplateitsmeaningsandactuponit.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: (Thisis)aBook(theQurn)whichWehave
sentdowntoyou,fullofblessings,thattheymayponderoveritsVerses,andthatmenofunderstandingmayremember. And:
Verily,thisQurnguidestothatwhichismostjustandright And: Say:Itisforthosewhobelieve,aguideandahealing." The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)said:

(PartNo:5,PageNo:362)

ReadtheQuran,foritwillcomeontheDayofResurrectionasanintercessorforitscompanions. And: TheQuranwillbe


broughtontheDayofResurrectionalongwithitspeoplewhousedtoactuponit,precededbySurahAlBaqarahandAlImran,like
twoclouds,ortwoblackshadeswithlightbetweenthem,orliketwoflocksofbirdsspreadingtheirwings,pleadingonbehalfoftheir
companions. ThemeaningisthattheEverGloriousQuranissentdowntobeacteduponandtobe
contemplatedandrecitedasanactofworshippingAllah,ratherthanforbeingpresentedtothedeador
others.IknowofnoreliablelegalfoundationintheShariahaboutrecitingtheEverGloriousQuranand
giftingittotheparents.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Anyonewhodoesanactionthatisnotinaccordance
withthismatterofours(Islam)willhaveitrejected.

Someofthescholarsadvocatedthepermissibilityofthisact,andsaid:"Thereisnoproblemingiftingthe
rewardofrecitingtheEverGloriousQuranorotheractsofrighteousness."TheymadeQiyas(analogy)with
payingSadaqah(voluntarycharity)andDua(supplication),andsoon.However,thesoundopinionisthe
first,basedontheabovementionedHadith.HadgiftingtherecitationoftheEverGloriousQuranbeen
permissible,theSalaf(righteouspredecessors)wouldhavedoneit.Qiyasisnottobedrawninactsof
Ibadah(worship),foritisTawqifiy(boundbyareligioustextandnotamenabletopersonalopinion)andis
establishedonlybytheNas(IslamictextfromtheQuranortheSunnah).AsforSadaqahonbehalfofthe
dead,supplicatingAllahforthem,performingHajjorUmrah(lesserpilgrimage)onbehalfofanotherby
someonewhoperformedthemfirstforhimselfandmakingupforthemissedSawmonbehalfofthedead,
alltheseactsareprovedbySahih(authentic)HadithsreportedfromtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeupon
him).MayAllahgrantussuccess.

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Q8:Kindly,explainformetheSayingofAllah(ExaltedbeHe): Asforthosewhoarewretched,theywill
beintheFire,sighinginahighandlowtone. Theywilldwellthereinforallthetimethattheheavensandtheearthendure,except
asyourLordwills.Verily,yourLordistheDoerofwhatsoeverHeintends(orwills). Andthosewhoareblessed,theywillbein
Paradise,abidingthereinforallthetimethattheheavensandtheearthendure,exceptasyourLordwills:agiftwithoutanend. Is
ittobeunderstoodthatwhoeverenterstheJannah(Paradise)maybeexpelledfromitif
Allahsowills?HavethesetwoAyahs(Quranicverses)beenabrogatedbyanypassagesofthe
Quran,sincetheyarementionedinaSurah(Quranicchapter)thatwasrevealedinMakkah?

A : TheseAyahshavenotbeenabrogatedrather,theyareMuhkamat(clearlydecidedQuranicverses,
mostlyconcerninglegalrulings).ThescholarsdifferedastothemeaningofAllahsStatement: exceptasyour
Lordwills. buttheyareagreedthatthedelightofthepeopleofJannah

(PartNo:5,PageNo:363)

willbeeverlastingandeternalitwillneverceaseorcometoanend,andtheywillneverbeexpelledfromit.
Henceafterthat,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: agiftwithoutanend. torefutewhatsomepeoplemayimagine,
thatsomemaybeexpelledfromJannah,fortheywillabidethereinforever.Therefore,Allah(Glorifiedbe
He)says: "Truly!TheMuttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2)willbeamidstGardensandwatersprings(Paradise). "(Itwillbesaidto
them): Entertherein(Paradise),inpeaceandsecurity. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)statesthattheywillbesafefromdeath,
safefromexpulsionandsafefromsickness.Hence,He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: "AndWeshall
removefromtheirbreastsanydeepfeelingofbitterness(thattheymayhave).(Sotheywillbelike)brothersfacingeachotheron
thrones. "Nosenseoffatigueshalltouchthem,norshallthey(ever)beaskedtoleaveit." So,Allahstatesthattheywill
abidethereinforeverandwillneverbeexpelledfromitandwillneverdie.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Verily,
theMuttaqn(thepious.SeeV.2:2),willbeinplaceofSecurity(Paradise). AmongGardensandSprings, Dressedinfinesilkand
(also)inthicksilk,facingeachother, So(itwillbe).AndWeshallmarrythemtoHr(fairfemale)withwide,lovelyeyes. They
willcallthereinforeverykindoffruitinpeaceandsecurity Theywillnevertastedeaththereinexceptthefirstdeath(ofthis
world),andHewillsavethemfromthetormentoftheblazingFire, AsaBountyfromyourLord!Thatwillbethesupremesuccess!
So,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)tellsusthatthepeopleoftheJannahwillbeinaplaceofsecuritywheretheywill
neverbeexposedtodestructionandwheretheblessingwillneverbetakenawayfromthem.Theywillalso
besafe,andtheywillnotfacethedangerofdeath,sickness,expulsionandtheywillneverdie.

Someofthescholarssaidthatthephrase exceptasyourLordwills. referstotheextentoftheirstayinthegrave


ratherthaninJannah,foralthoughtheMumin(believer)willbeinoneofthegardensanddelightsof
Jannah,stillthatwillnotbeJannahitself,rather,itisapartofit,foradoorwillbeopenedfromJannahfor
theMuminintheirgrave,andsomeofitsfragrance,goodnessandblessingswillreachthem.Thenafterthat
theywillbetransferredtoJannahwhichishighabovetheheavens.

Someofthescholarssaidthatwhatismeantbythephrase: exceptasyourLordwills. isthelengthoftheir


standingintheplaceofResurrection,forJudgmentandrewardorpunishment,aftertheyhavebeenbrought
forthfromtheirgravesthenafterthattheywillgotoJannah.And,someofthescholarssaidthatthe
meaningincludesboththings,thetimethattheyspendintheirgravesandthetimethattheyspendinthe
placeofstanding(ontheDayofJudgment),andtheirpassageacrosstheSirat(thebridgeovertheFire).
DuringalloftheseplacestheyarenotinJannah,buttheywillmovefromtheseplacestoJannah.

Hence,weknowthatthematterisclearandthereisnothingunclearordoubtfulinit.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:364)

ThepeopleofJannahwillbeblessedthereinandwillabidethereinforever.Therewillbenodeath,no
sickness,noexpulsion,nohardship,nogrief,nomenstruation,nopostpostpartumbleedingrather,they
willbeineverlastingdelightandgoodness.Similarly,theinmatesofHellFirewillabideinitforeverthey
willnotbebroughtoutofit.Intheirrespect,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Neitherwillithavea
completekillingeffectonthemsothattheydie,norshallitstormentbelightenedforthem.ThusdoWerequiteeverydisbeliever!
TherearesomanyAyahstothesameeffect.AsforAllahsSayingconcerningthem: exceptasyourLordwills.
itreferstothetimetheywillspendintheirgraves,orthetimetheywillspendstandingontheDayof
Resurrection.AfterthattheywillbedriventoHell,wheretheywillabideforeternity.Intheirrespect,Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)saysinSurahAlBaqarah: ThusAllhwillshowthemtheirdeedsasregretsforthem.Andtheywillnever
getoutoftheFire. And,inSurahAlMaidah: TheywilllongtogetoutoftheFire,butneverwilltheygetouttherefromand
theirswillbealastingtorment. MayAllahgrantussuccess.

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Q9:WhendoesanonArabbecomebetterthananArab?

A : TherulingonthisisfoundintheAyah(Qur'aniceverse)ofAllah(GlorifiedbeHe): Omankind!
Wehavecreatedyoufromamaleandafemale,andmadeyouintonationsandtribes,thatyoumayknowoneanother.Verily,the
mosthonourableofyouwithAllhisthat(believer)whohasAtTaqw[i.e.heisoneoftheMuttaqn(thepious.SeeV.2:2)].
Thus,ifanonArabhasmoreTaqwa(fearingAllahasHeshouldbefeared),inthiscasethey
willbethesuperior,andviceversa.Merit,honor,andesteemisachievedbyhavingTaqwa.
Therefore,whoeverhasthemostTaqwaissuperiorbeforeAllah,whetherArabornonArab.

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Q10:WhatistherulingonacceptingpaymentforteachingtheQuran?TheImaminour
villagereceivesfeesinreturnforteachingQurantochildren.

A : ThereisnothingwronginacceptingpaymentinreturnforteachingQuranandteachingknowledgeto
peopleastheyareinneedofeducation.Teachingmightposeadifficultyforteachersanddonotallowthem
toearnaliving.Therefore,thecorrectopinionisthatthereisnothinginacceptingpaymentforteaching
knowledgeandhelpingpeoplelearnandmemorizetheQuran.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:365)

ItwasauthenticallyreportedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)that, SomeoftheSahabah(Companionsofthe
Prophet)wentonajourneytosomeArabtribes.Thechiefofthetribewasthenbittenbyasnake(orstungbyascorpion)andthey
triedtheirbesttocurehimbutinvain.ThepeopleaskedthegroupofSahabahtoreciteRuqyah(Quranandsupplicationsrecitedover
thesickseekinghealing).So,oneoftheSahabahwentandrecitedSurahAlFatihahandblewoverthechiefwhowascured.The
SahabahstipulatedtotakefromthemaflockofsheepinreturnfortheirRuqyahandthepeoplepaidthemwhattheyagreedupon.
TheSahabahdidnotdividethesheepuntiltheyaskedtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)aboutthematter,andhereplied,Youhave
donetherightthing.Divide(whatyouhaveearned)andassignashareformeaswell. (RelatedbyAlBukhariinhisSahih
[AuthenticHadithBook])TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)didnotdisapproveofwhattheyhaddone.He
(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid, ThemostdeservingthingforwhichyoutakepaymentistheBookofAllah. (RelatedbyAl
BukhariinhisSahih)ThisshowsthatitispermissibletoacceptpaymentforteachingQuranthesameasitis
permissibleinreturnforrecitingRuqyah.

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Q11:Whatshouldwesayregardingthedeceased?Wehearsomeexpressionssuchas"the
forgiven"or"theonegrantedmercy".Aresuchexpressionspermissible?Whatisyouradvicein
thisregard?

A : Itispermissibletosay"mayAllahforgivethem"or"mayAllahbemercifultothem"andthelike,ifthe
personwasaMuslim.Itisimpermissibletosay"theforgiven"or"theonegrantedmercy",sincewecannot
confirmthatanypersonwillbeinJannah(Paradise),Hellfireandsoon,exceptforthosewhomAllahhas
confirmedinHisGloriousQur'anorHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).Thisistheopinionofthepeopleof
knowledgeofAhlu lSunnah(thoseadheringtotheSunnah).Someofthosewhohavebeencertifiedby
AllahinHisGloriousQur'antoenterHellfireareAbuLahabandhiswife,orthoseforwhomtheMessenger
(peacebeuponhim)testifiedwillenterJannahsuchasAbuBakrAlSiddiq,`UmaribnAlKhattab,`Uthmanibn`Affan,`Ali
andtherestofthehonorableten(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)inadditiontoothershe(peacebeupon
him)informeduswillalsoentereitherJannahsuchasAbdullahibnSalam,`UkashahibnMuhssin(mayAllahbe
pleasedwiththemboth),orHellfiresuchashispaternaluncleAbuTalib,`AmruibnLuhayAlKhuza`yandothers

(PartNo:5,PageNo:366)

weseekrefugeinAllahfromthis.Weshouldalsoaffirmthesameaboutthem.

RegardingthosenotconfirmedbyAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)oraffirmedbyHisMessengertoenterJannahor
Hellfire,weshouldnotdosoforthemorforanyotherpersonbymentioningthattheywillbegrantedmercy
orforgivenessexceptifbasedonatextfromtheQur'anortheSunnah(Whateverreportedfromthe
Prophet)ofhisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).However,AhlulSunnahhopeforthepious(tobegranted
mercy)andfearforwrongdoers(tobepunished),andbearaffirmthatthepeopleofIman(faith)willenter
Jannah,astheyaffirmthattheKuffar(disbelievers)willenterHellfire,asclarifiedbyAllahinHisperspicuous
Book: Allhhaspromisedthebelievers,menandwomen,Gardensunderwhichriversflowtodwellthereinforever (SurahAl
Tawbah).HealsostatesinthesameSurah: Allhhaspromisedthehypocritesmenandwomenandthedisbelievers,
theFireofHellthereinshalltheyabide.Itwillsufficethem. Somepeopleofknowledgeholdtheopinionsupporting
thepermissibilityofbearingwitnessforapersontoenterJannahorHellfireiftwoormorepeopleconfirm
thatsomeonewaspiousorevil.TheiropinionisbasedonmanyauthenticHadithsreportedinthisregard.

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Q12:WhatisthemeaningofAllahsSaying: Andthosewhoinvokenotanyotherilh(god)alongwithAllh,nor
killsuchpersonasAllhhasforbidden,exceptforjustcause,norcommitillegalsexualintercourseandwhoeverdoesthisshall
receivethepunishment. ThetormentwillbedoubledtohimontheDayofResurrection,andhewillabidethereinindisgrace.

DotheseAyahs(Quranicverses)meanthatapersonwhocommitsallofthethreementioned
majorsinswillabideinHellfireforeverorthatappliestowhoevercommitsonlyoneofthem?

A : ThesegreatAyahswarnagainstShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship),Qatl
(murder),andZina(sexualintercourseoutsidemarriage).Thus,whoevercommitsalloranyofthesemajor
sinsisthreatenedbyAllahsSaying: andwhoeverdoesthisshallreceivethepunishment. Thepunishmentisavalley
inHellfireaccordingtooneviewor,asanotheropinionstates,agrievoustormentwhichisexplainedby
AllahsSaying: ThetormentwillbedoubledtohimontheDayofResurrection,andhewillabidethereinindisgrace

(PartNo:5,PageNo:367)

Atthesametime,thesethreemajorsinshavedifferentdegrees.

Shirkistheworstcrimeandthegravestsin.WhoevercommitsitwillabideeternallyinHellfireandwillnever
bebroughtoutofit.TheforegoingisexplicitlystatedbyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)inSurah(Quranicchapter)
A lTawbah: ItisnotfortheMushrikn(polytheists,idolaters,pagans,disbelieversintheOnenessofAllh),tomaintainthe
MosquesofAllh(i.e.toprayandworshipAllhtherein,tolookaftertheircleanlinessandtheirbuilding,),whiletheywitnessagainst
theirownselvesofdisbelief.TheworksofsuchareinvainandinFireshalltheyabide. And: Butiftheyhadjoinedinworship
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)also
otherswithAllh,allthattheyusedtodowouldhavebeenofnobenefittothem.
says: Andindeedithasbeenrevealedtoyou(OMuhammadpeacebeuponhim),asitwastothose(AllhsMessengers)before
you:"IfyoujoinothersinworshipwithAllh,(then)surely(all)yourdeedswillbeinvain,andyouwillcertainlybeamongthelosers."
Moreover,He(ExaltedbeHe)tellsaboutMushriks(peoplewhoassociateotherswithAllahinHisDivinityor
worship): TheywilllongtogetoutoftheFire,butneverwilltheygetouttherefromandtheirswillbealastingtorment. There
aremanyotherAyahsthatindicatethesamemeaning.

Accordingly,MuslimscholarsareunanimouslyagreedthataMushrik(onewhoassociatesotherswithAllah
inHisDivinityorworship)whodiesbeforemakingTawbah(repentancetoAllah)willabideeternallyin
HellfireandwillneverbeadmittedtoJannah(Paradise)orforgiven.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Verily,
whosoeversetsuppartners(inworship)withAllh,thenAllhhasforbiddenParadisetohim,andtheFirewillbehisabode.Andfor
theZlimn(polytheistsandwrongdoers)therearenohelpers. And: Verily,Allhforgivesnotthatpartnersshouldbesetupwith
Thus,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)makesHis
Him(inworship),butHeforgivesexceptthat(anythingelse)towhomHewills
forgivenessforbiddentoMushriksanddeclaresthatallsinsotherthanShirkmayormaynotbeforgiven
subjecttoHisWill.ItisworthytomentionthatamongthetypesofShirkthatmakeaperson(whohad
receivedDa wah'callingtoIslam'butdidnotrepentbeforedeath)liabletoabideeternallyinHellfireisto
makeDu a (supplication)toanyofthedeceasedprophets,Awliya(piouspeople)ortotheangels,Jinn
(creaturescreatedfromfire),idols,stones,orstars.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:368)

ExamplesofmakingsuchDu as(supplications)arewhensomepeoplesay:"OmyMaster,Iseekyour
protection,Idefendmyselfbyyourpower,supportme,curethediseased,help!help!...andsoon."
Moreover,vowingorsacrificingforthesakeofotherthanAllah(ExaltedbeHe)isanothertypeofShirkthat
makesapersonliabletothesamepunishmentforalltheseareformsofIbadah(worship)thatmustnotbe
offeredtootherthanAllah,asHe(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndyourLordhasdecreedthatyouworship
nonebutHim. A n d : Andtheywerecommandednot,butthattheyshouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone
(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim),andperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt)andgiveZakt,andthatistherightreligion.
A n d : AndthemosquesareforAllh(Alone):soinvokenotanyonealongwithAllh. Moreover,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)
teachesinSurahAlFatihah: You(Alone)weworship,andYou(Alone)weaskforhelp(foreachandeverything). Thereare
manyotherAyahstothesameeffect.

Asforthesecondandthirdcrimesi.e.murderandZina,theyareoflessgravitythanShirkaslongastheir
perpetratordoesnotregardthemasbeingHalal(lawful),buttheyhavebeenseducedbySatantocommit
murderbecauseofhatredorenmityortofollowtheirwhimsandcommitZinawhiletheyknowthatmurder
notforajustcauseaccordingtoIslamiclawandZinaareHaram(prohibited).Theperpetratorsofsuch
crimes(majorsins)willabidetemporarilyinHellfire,unlessAllah(ExaltedbeHe)forgivesthembecauseof
specificgooddeedstheyhavedone,Tawbahtheymadebeforetheydied,Shafaah(intercession),orthe
D u a ofotherMuslimsforthem,besidesothermeansforhavingsinsforgiven.Thecaseoftheperpetrators
ofthesetwocrimesissubjecttoAllahsWillandWisdom.Thus,manypeoplewillbepunishedfortheirsins,
butwillthenbetakenoutofHellfirebyvirtueofAllahsMercy(GlorifiedbeHe)eitherthroughShafaah,
suchasthespecialShafaahofProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)orthatofangels,childrenwhodied
beforereachingpubertyorbelievers.Thus,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)willbringthemoutofHellfirebyvirtueof
theirShafa ahforthemafterhavingspenttheperiodthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)decreedforthemthere.
Nevertheless,anumberofbelieversinTawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah)willremaininHellfirefornot
deservingShafaah
www.ircpk.com
(PartNo:5,PageNo:369)

AllahshallbringthemoutofitjustbyHisMercy,forhavingdiedwhilebelievinginTawhidandhavingfaith
inHim.However,theywillbepunishedinHellfirefortheirsinsandbaddeedsandwhentheyarepurified,
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)willtakethemoutofHellfireaftertheexpiryoftheperiodthatHedecreedforthemto
spendintheFire.ItisonlybytheMercyofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)thattheywillsproutlikea
seeddoesinthesiltcarriedbyafloodandwhentheyarefullyrecreated,He(ExaltedbeHe)willadmitthem
toJannah.TheforegoingissupportedbymorethanoneauthenticHadithMutawatir(aHadithreportedbya
significantnumberofnarratorsthroughoutthechainofnarration,whoseagreementuponalieisimpossible)
fromtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim).

Thus,itisclearthatasinner,suchasamurdereroranadulterer,willnotabideinHellfireinthesame
mannerasKafirs(disbelievers)will,butonlyforaspecificperiodoftimethatcomestoanend,forAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: andhewillabidethereinindisgrace Thisisonlyatemporarystaythatdiffers
fromthatoftheMushriks.Thesameappliestothethreatwhichisgiventowhoevercommitssuicide.May
Allahprotectus.

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Q13:ThereisanImam(theonewholeadscongregationalPrayer)inourvillagewholeadsus
inSalah(prayer).Heoftendoesstrangethingswhichconfuseusalot.Whensomeoneofthe
villagegetsmarried,hedoesnotallowthemtocompletethemarriageandangererupts
betweenthespouses.Thenitissaid:Gotothisshaykhwhowillwritesomewordsonapaper
tostoptheiranger.Whentheshaykhcomes,hebringsbooksinwhichtherearespellsand
readsfromthem.Hewipesovertheheadsofthespouseswithoilandbringswithhimredink
whichheaskstobesoakedintowaterandthewateristobedrunkbythespouses.Hethen
callsforachickenwhichheslaughtersandsprinklesitsbloodontheheadsofthespouses
thereafterangerstops.Whatisthelegalrulingregardingthis?

A : Thisactionisreprehensible,sinfulandwrong.Itcausesconfusionamongthepeopleand
hasnobasisinIslamorauthenticity.Itisobligatoryforthosewhoexperiencesuchangerto
seekrefugeinAllahagainstthedeviluntiltheirangerabates.Itispermissibleinthiscaseto
performWudu'(ablution)asprescribedbytheProphet(peacebeuponhim)becauseSatanis
createdfromfireandfireisextinguishedbywater.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:370)

AngeriscausedbythedevilandabelievermustseektheShar`y(Islamicallylawful)means
suchasseekingrefugeinAllahagainsttheaccurseddevilandperformingWudu'.Amongthe
waysofsuppressingangeristositifoneisstandingorliedownifoneissittingorleavethe
locationwheretheyareuntilone'sangersubsides.

Asforthepracticesofthisshaykhsuchaspouringoil,andthebloodofhumansorchickens
overpeoplesheadsetc,ithasnobasisinIslam.Itconfusesanddeceivespeople.Ifthe
shaykh'sintentistodrawneartotheJinnbyslaugheringhens,thisisanactofmajorShirk
(associatingothersinworshipwithAllah)asisrelatedintheSahih(authentic)Hadithwhich
reads: Allahhascursedthosewhoslaughter(asacrifice)tootherthanAllah Allah(HemaybeGlorified)says: Say
(OMuhammad):"Verily,mySalt(prayer),mysacrifice (i.e.Mysacrifice) myliving,andmydyingare
forAllh,theLordoftheAlamn(mankind,jinnandallthatexists). "Hehasnopartner.AndofthisIhavebeencommanded,andI
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsostates: Verily,Wehavegrantedyou(OMuhammad
amthefirstoftheMuslims."
Slaughtering
)AlKauthar(ariverinParadise). ThereforeturninprayertoyourLordandsacrifice(toHimonly).
meansofferingasacrificialanimalforthesakeofAllah.

Therefore,peoplemustkeepawayfromthismanandadvisehim.Ifhedoesnotacceptthe
advicetorepenttoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),hiscaseshouldbesubmittedtothe
courts,totheAuthorityofEnjoiningGoodandForbiddingEvil,ortotheconcernedauthorityif
thereisnoShar`icourtorcommiteeofenjoininggoodandforbiddingevilauthorizedto
summonhim,informhimabouthisatrociousbehaviorandpreventhimofusingthistreatment
whichisagainstthepurifiedShari`ah(Islamiclaw).

AsforleadingpeopleinSalah,hemustnotbeanImamanditisobligatorytodisposehimof
hispostbecauseheisaccusedofShirkduetotheactionshemakeswhichhavenobasisinthe
purifiedShari`ah.ThespousesmustbetreatedwiththeShar`imeansasmentionedabove.
MayAllahgrantussuccess!

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Q14:Isitobligatoryuponapersonwholoseshistemperandtakesanoathbutlaterbreaksit
toofferKaffarah(expiation)forbreakingtheoath?HowcanhepaythisKaffarah?

A : Ifapersonswearstodosomethingbutdoesnotfulfillhisoath,heshouldofferKaffarah(expiation)for
breakingtheoath.Forexample,ifapersonsays,"ByAllah!Iwilltalktosoandso","ByAllah!Iwillvisitso
andso,""ByAllah!Iwillpraysuchandsuch,"andsoon,

(PartNo:5,PageNo:371)

buthedoesnotfulfillhisoath,thenheshouldofferKaffarahifheissaneandawareofwhatheissaying.
However,ifapersonisextremelyangryandisnotawareofwhatheissaying,thentheoathisnotbinding,
becausebeingawareofwhatthepersonsaysisamusttofulfillanoath.Whenapersongetsextremely
angryuntilheisunconsciousofwhathesaysandhasnocontroloverit,itisnotobligatoryuponsucha
persontoofferKaffarahasinthiscasehetakesthesamerulingofthepersonwhoisinsane,idiotorone
whoisasleep.

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Q15:TheKaffarah(expiation)forabrokenoathincludesfeedingtenneedypersons,isit
permissibletofeedoneneedypersonnowandanotherafteraweekandsoon?Theremay
notbetenneedypersonsavailableatthesametime.IfIfeedoneneedypersontentimes,
willthisbeequivalenttofeedingtenneedypersons?

A : Thetenneedypersonsshouldbesought,asfeedingonepersonmultipletimeswillnot
suffice.TheymustbetenpersonsasAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysintheQur'anin
SurahAlMa'idah: Allhwillnotpunishyouforwhatisunintentionalinyouroaths,butHewillpunishyouforyourdeliberate
oathsforitsexpiationfeedtenMaskn(poorpersons),onascaleoftheaverageofthatwithwhichyoufeedyourownfamilies,or
clothethemormanumitaslave. Therefore,youshouldseektofeedtenpeopleevenifittakesseveral
daystofindthem.Moreover,youhavetobekeentoachievethefeedingasmuchaspossible
evenifittookplaceinseparatedays.Additionally,youcanprovidethemwithclothessuitable
forperformingtheSalah(prayer)inorprovidethemwithalunchordinnermeal.Thiswill
sufficeasmentionedinthepreviousAyah.

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Q16:WhatistheTafsir(explanation/exegesisofthemeanings)ofAllah'sStatement
(meaningsofwhicharetranslatedas): (Remember)theDaywhentheShinshallbelaidbare(i.e.theDayof
Resurrection)andtheyshallbecalledtoprostratethemselves(toAllh),butthey(hypocrites)shallnotbeabletodoso. ?

(PartNo:5,PageNo:372)

A : TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)explainedthisAyah(Qur'anicverse)sayingthatAllah
(GlorifiedbeHe)willcomeontheDayofResurrectionandrevealHisShintoHisbelievingservants.Itwill
beasignforthebelievers,whichwhenHereveals,theywillknowHimandfollowHim.TheNobleAyah
shouldbeunderstoodaccordingtowhatwasmentionedintheHadith,whichisAllah'srevealingofHisShin.

ThisisoneoftheattributessuchasbefitsAllah'sMajestyandGrandeur(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)that
doesnotresembleanyofHiscreationinanyway.Thesameappliestootherattributes,suchHisFace,His
Hands,HisFoot,HisEyes,andotherattributeswhichareauthenticallyestablishedinNas(Islamictextsfrom
theQuranortheSunnah).Also,anger,love,hatred,andallattributeswithwhichHehasdescribedHimself
intheNobleQur'anandwhichtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)reported.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: There
isnothinglikeHimandHeistheAllHearer,theAllSeer. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Say(OMuhammadpeacebeupon
him):"HeisAllh,(the)One. AllhusSamad[AllhtheSelfSufficientMaster,Whomallcreaturesneed,(Heneithereatsnor
Thisistheopinion
drinks)]. Hebegetsnot,norwasHebegotten. AndthereisnonecoequalorcomparableuntoHim."
adoptedbyAhlu lSunnahwalJama`ah(adherentstotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainstream)ofthe
Sahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet)andthescholarswhofollowedtheminrighteousness.MayAllah
grantussuccess!

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Q17:WhatistherulingonTa'wil(allegoricalinterpretation)oftheAttributesofAllah?

A : Ta'wiloftheAttributesofAllahisMunkar(disapprovedbyIslamiclawandbyMuslimsof
soundintellect)andsoitisnotpermissibletodoso.Infact,itisobligatorytotakethe
AttributesofAllahastheyare,inawaythatismostbefittingofHim,withoutTahrif
(distortionofthemeaning),Ta`til(denial),Takyif(descriptivedesignation),orTamthil
(likeningHisAttributestothoseofHisCreation).Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)informs
usaboutHisNamesandAttributessaying:

(PartNo:5,PageNo:373)

ThereisnothinglikeHimandHeistheAllHearer,theAllSeer. AsMuslims,wehavetoacceptthemasthey
stand,accordingtotheopinionofAhlulSunnahwalJama`ah(adherentstotheSunnahand
theMuslimmainstream).TheymaintainedthatMuslimsmusthonourAllah'sAttributesasthey
are,withoutTakyif,Tahrif,Ta'wilorTakyif.MuslimsmustholdAllah'sAttributesastheywere
revealedinawaythatbestbefitsAllah,withoutanyTakyiforTamthil.Forexample,we
shouldsayaboutthesayingofAllah(ExaltedbeHe): TheMostGracious(Allh)roseover(Istaw)the
(Mighty)Throne(inamannerthatsuitsHisMajesty). andothersimilarAyahs,thatAllahroseoverthe
ThroneinawaythatismostbefittingHisMajesty,andthisrisingcannotbecomparedtothat
ofanyofHiscreatures.ThescholarswhofollowAlHaqq(theTruth)seethisassignifyingHis
HighnessandExaltedness.ThesameappliestootherAttributesofAllah,suchasHisSight,
Hearing,Hand,Foot,andotherAttributesthatarestatedinthetextsoftheQuranandthe
Sunnah.AlloftheseAttributesareexclusivelyappropriatetoAllah(mayHebePraised)ina
mannerthatuniquelybefitsHimaloneandarenotcomparabletothoseofanycreature.

ThiswastheopinionofthescholarsfromamongtheSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet)
andthegreatImamsofSunnah(initiatorofaSchoolofJurisprudence)afterthem,suchasAl
Awza`i,A lThawri,Malik,AbuHanifah,Ahmad,Ishaq,andotherMuslimImams(mayAllahbemercifulwith
themall).ThisrulingappliesalsotothesayingofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)regardingthestoryof
ProphetNuh(Noah,peacebeuponhim): AndWecarriedhimona(ship)madeofplanksandnails, Floating
underOurEyes He(mayHebeExaltedandGlorified)alsosayswhenrelatingthestoryofProphet
Musa(Moses,peacebeuponhim): inorderthatyoumaybebroughtupunderMyEye. AhlulSunnahwal
Jama`ahcommentedontheAyahwhichreads: FloatingunderOurEyes explainingthatHe
(GlorifiedbeHe)lettheshipfloatunderHisCareuntilitsafelyrestedonMountJudy.
Similarly,whenAllah(mayHebePraised)states: inorderthatyoumaybebroughtupunderMyEye. they
explainthatAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)meansthatMusa(peacebeuponhim)willbebroughtup
underHisCareandwithHisGuidancetothoseinchargeofraisinghim.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:374)

Inthesamemanner,whenAllah(mayHebePraised)revealstotheProphetMuhammad
(peacebeuponhim): Sowaitpatiently(OMuhammad)fortheDecisionofyourLord,forverily,youare
underOurEyes He(GlorifiedbeHe)meansthatMuhammadisunderAllah'sProtectionandCare.
TheseinterpretationsdonotfallundertheprohibitedTa'wiltheyarejustconventional
explanationsandclarificationsofthestyleoftheArabiclanguage.Athirdexamplewas
relatedinaHadithQudsi(RevelationfromAllahintheProphet'swords)whereAllah
(GlorifiedbeHe)states: WhenmyservantdrawsnearMebyahandspan,Idrawnearhimbythelengthofacubit.And
whenhedrawsnearMebythelengthofacubit,Idrawnearhimbythelengthofafathom.AndwhenheturnstoMewalkingIturnto
himhurriedly. ThewordsofthisHadithmustbeacceptedastheywererevealedfromAllah(may
HebePraisedandExalted)withoutTahrif,Takyif,orTamthil,butinthewaythatisintended
byAllah.ThesamethingcanbesaidconserningAllah'sdescentattheendofthenight,His
Hearing,Sight,Wrath,Pleasure,Laughter,Joy,andotherindisputablyestablishedAttributes
ofAllah.Theyareallacceptedastheywererevealed,inamannerthatmostbefitsHim,
withoutanyTakyif,Tahrif,Ta`tilorTamthil.ThisisconfirmedbyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)inHis
saying: ThereisnothinglikeHimandHeistheAllHearer,theAllSeer. andmanyotherAyahsthathavethe
sameeffect.

AsforTa'wilofAllah'sAttributesandoverlookingtheirapparentdenotation,thisisthe
methodofthosewhofollowBid`ah(innovationsinIslam),suchasAlJahmiyyah(adeviantIslamicsect
denyingsomeAttributesofAllah,claimingtheyareascribedtopeopleandcannotbeascribedtoAllah),theMu`tazilah(adeviant
Islamicsectclaimingthatthosewhocommitmajorsinsareinastatebetweenbeliefanddisbelief),andallthosewho
followedthem.TheirMadhhabs(doctrinaltrends)isBatil(nullandvoid)andhasbeen
rejectedandrenouncedbyAhlu lSunnahwalJama`ahwhohavewarnedagainstits
promoters.MayAllahgrantussuccess!


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Q18:Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: AndmostofthembelievenotinAllhexceptthattheyattributepartnersuntoHim
[i.e.theyareMushrikni.e.polytheists.SeeVerse6:121]. WhatisthemeaningofthisAyah?Whatismeant
by"attributingpartnersuntoHim"?

A:ScholarslikeIbn`AbbasandothersexplainedthatthisAyahmeansthatwheneverasked

(PartNo:5,PageNo:375)

whocreatedtheheavensandtheearth,theunbelieverswouldsay"ItisAllah".Yet,they
worshippedidolslikeAlLat,theAlUzza,andotherdeities.Theycalledonthemforhelpand
sacrificedanimalsfortheirpleasure.TheirdeclarationofAllah'sPowerconfirmstheirbeliefin
theUnityofLordship.However,attributingpartnerstoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)rendersthis
beliefnullandvoidandofnobenefitforthem.AbuJahlandhislikesbelievedinAllahastheir
CreatorandSustainerandthatHecreatedtheheavensandtheearth.Butthisbeliefavailed
themnothingbecausetheyascribedpartnerstoAllahbyworshippingidols.Thisisthe
meaningoftheAyahaccordingtowhatisreportedfromtheeminentMuslimscholars.

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Q19:Whatisthelegalrulingonvideorecordingoflecturestousetheminotherplaces,and
maximizetheirbenefit?

A : Thisisacontroversialissueandsubjecttodifferentviews.Recordinglecturesonaudio
cassettes,wherethereisnoneedforvisualizingimages,ispermissible.Yet,sometimesthere
isaneedforrecordingvideossothattheidentityofthespeakercanbeclearlyknown.There
maybeotherreasonswhichmakerecordinganecessity.Nevertheless,Ihavegreat
reservationaboutvisualrecordingduetotheHadithsnarratedregardingtherulingonTaswir
(painting,drawing,sculpture,andphotography)ofanimatebeingsandtheseverewarning
associatedtothis.However,agroupMuslimofscholarsnowadaysviewedthatthereisno
harminthisifthereissomewarrantingpublicinterest.ButImyselfamreluctanttoapprove
thispracticeduetothegreatdangerinTaswir(painting,drawing,sculpture,and
photography)andthepertinentdirectionsgiveninauthenticHadithsthatarementionedin
theTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)aswellasother
collections.TheseHadithsmakeitquiteclearthat ThepeoplewhowillbemostseverelypunishedontheDayof
Resurrectionwillbethosewhomakeimages. Infact,theHadithsthatcurseMusawwirs(thosewhomake
picturesandstatues,orphotographsoflivingbeings),arenumerous.MayAllahgrantus
success!

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Q20:Mostknowledgeseekerstodayareawareofthemeritsofmanyactsofdevotionand
theirreward,includingsupererogatorynightprayer,yettheydonotputtheirknowledgeinto
practice.Whatisthelegalrulingconcerningthis?

A:TheactswhosemeritsareexplainedintheQur'anandSunnahareoftwotypes:1Obligatoryacts,

(PartNo:5,PageNo:376)

whichaMuslimwhetherascholarornotmustbemindfultotheirperformance,fearingAllahregarding
theirregularobservation.AmongtheritualsofthistypearetheFiveObligatoryDailyPrayers,givingZakah
(obligatorycharity),andtheotherobligatoryacts.2Mustahab(desirable)acts,suchasperformingTahajjud
(optionallatenightPrayer),SalatulDuha(supererogatoryPrayerbeforenoon)...etc.Muslims,especially
thoseofprofoundknowledgeandwhoarerolemodels,shoulddotheirbestandbeconsistentinthe
performanceofthesesupererogatoryactsofdevotions.However,ifoneispreoccupied,orwasirregularin
doingsuchactsforawhile,thereisnoharminthisbecausetheseactsareonlyNafilah(supererogatory).
Nevertheless,itisaqualityoftheofpeopleofknowledge,andrighteouspeopleingeneral,tobemindfulof
theirworshipandobservesupererogatoryprayers,suchasTahajjudduringthenight,SalatulDuha,Al
SunanAlRawatib(supererogatoryactsthatwerestressedandregularlyperformedbytheProphet),and
otherrighteousacts.

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Rulingonsellingandowningembalmedanimals

Q:WehopethatYourEminencewillgiveusaFatwaregardingthelegalrulingonowning
embalmedanimalsandbirds?Whatistherulingonsellingthem?Isthereadifference
betweenwhatislawfulandwhatisunlawfultobepossessedwhileitisaliveifembalmed?
WhatshouldaMuhtasib(i.e.,apublicofficialentrustedwithkeepingtheorder)doregarding
thispractice?

(PartNo:5,PageNo:377)

A : Possessingembalmedbirdsandanimals,whetherlawfulorunlawfultoownifalive,isawasteofmoney
andatypeofextravagancebecauseofthecostofembalmment.Allahhasutterlyforbiddenallformsof
extravaganceandsquanderingofwealth.Likewise,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)forbadedissipating
money.Thisalsoencouragesmakingshapesofbirdsandotheranimatecreaturesandhanginginthehome,
office,etc,whichiscategoricallyprohibitedinIslam.Therefore,itisnotpermissibletosellorownthem.

TheMuhtasibshouldexplaintopeoplethatitisprohibitedtomakeorownsuchthings,andheshouldtake
thenecessarymeasurestobandealingintheminthemarkets.Shirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHis
Divinityorworship)spreadamongthepeopleofNuh(Noah,peacebeuponhim)becausetheysetup
statuesforWadd,Suwa',Yaghuth,Ya'uq,andNasra(namesofsomeidols)whowererighteousmenamong
Nuh'speople.Theydiedinclosesuccession,soSatanmadeitfairseemingtoerectidolsintheirnamesand
holdthemintheirmeetingplaces.Eversince,ShirkfounditswayamongthepeopleofNuh(Noah,peacebe
uponhim).ThiswasreportedbyAlBukhari(mayAllahbemercifultohim)inhisSahihontheauthorityofIbn
`Abbas(mayAllahbepleasedwiththemboth).ThisalsowasreportedbyotherMufassirs(exegetesofthe
Qur'an),Muhaddiths(Hadithscholars),andhistorians.AllahistheOnesoughtforhelp!Thereisneither
mightnorpowerexceptwithAllah,theMostHigh,theMostGreat.

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Isitobligatorytomakeawill?Whatisitslegalformula?

(PartNo:5,PageNo:378)

Q:Isitobligatorytoleaveawill?Doesitrequirewitnesses?SinceIdonotknowthelegal
formulaofthewill,pleasefurnishmewiththisinformation.MayAllahrewardyou!

A : Theformulaofthewillshouldbeasfollows:I,soandso,theson/daughterofsuchand
such,bearwitnessthatthereisnooneworthyofworshipbutAllahAlonewithnoassociates,
andIbearwitnessthatMuhammadisHisServantandMessenger,andthat`Eisa(Jesus)isthe
ServantandMessengerofAllahandHisWordwhichHebestowedonMaryam(Mary)andasoul
createdatacommandfromHim.IalsobearwitnessthatJannah(Paradise)istrueandNar
(Hellfire)istrue,andthattheHour(thedayofResurrection)iscoming,aboutwhichthereis
nodoubt,andthatAllahwillresurrectthoseinthegraves.IadvisewhoeverIleavebehind
amongmyfamily,childrenandtherestofmyrelativestohaveTaqwa(fear/waryofoffending
Allah),makepeacebetweenthemselves,obeyAllahandHisMessenger,andexhortone
anothertotruthandpatience.IadvisetheminthesamewayasIbrahim(Abraham,peacebe
uponhim)andYa`qub(Jacob,peacebeuponhim)hadadvisedtheirchildren: Andthis(submission
toAllh,Islm)wasenjoinedbyIbrhm(Abraham)uponhissonsandbyYaqb(Jacob)(saying),Omysons!Allhhaschosenfor
youthe(true)religion,thendienotexceptintheFaithofIslm(asMuslimsIslmicMonotheism). Thenoneshouldstate
whathewishestobequeath,withinonethirdoftheirwealth.Thebequeathershouldclarify
thelegalapportionmentsofthebequestanddeterminewhoshallbetheexecutor.

Makingawillisnotobligatory,butdesirableforwhoeverwouldliketoleavebequest.Itis
reportedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)onthe
authorityofIbn`Umar(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
stated: ItisinappropriateforaMuslimwhodesirestoleaveabequesttostayfortwonightswithouthavingtheirwillwrittenand
keptwiththem.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:379)

However,ifonehasundocumenteddebtsorrightsforothers,theyshouldclearlystatethemin
hiswillsoasnottoconsumepeople'srightsunlawfully.Andthewillshouldbedeposedbytwo
uprightwitnesses.Moreover,thelegatorshouldwriteitbeforeandhaveitratifiedbyreliable
peopleofknowledgesothatitmaybecomeaccredited.Thelegatorshouldalsonotsolelyrely
onhisownhandwriting,forhishandwritingmightbemisreadordifficulttorecognizebythe
reliablepeople.MayAllahgrantussuccess!

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RulingonIsbalasacustomandnotoutofpride

(PartNo:5,PageNo:380)

Q:ThereisaHadithinwhichtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)saidwhatmeans
thatwhoeverlengthensandtrailshisclothesistobethrowninHellfire.Welengthenour
clothesbelowtheankles,notoutofpridebutjustasacustom.IsouractHaram(prohibited)?
WilltheonewholengthenandtrailhisclotheswhilebelievinginAllahbecastinHellfire?
Guideus,mayAllahrewardyouwell!

A : ItwasauthenticallyreportedthattheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said: ThepartofanIzar
(garmentwornbelowthewaist)whichhangsbelowtheanklesisintheFire. (RelatedbyImamAlBukhariinhisSahih
[AuthenticHadithBook])He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: ThreepersonswhomAllahshallneitherspeaktoonthe
DayofResurrection,norlookat,norpurify,andtheyshallhaveapainfultorment:theonewholetshisIzarhangbelowhisankles(out
ofpride),theonewhoreminds(thepeople)ofwhathegives,andtheonwhosellshismerchandisebyfalseswearing. (Relatedby
Im amMusliminhisSahih)TherearesomanyHadithscarryingthesamemeaning,whichprovethe
impermissibilityofIsbal(lengtheningandtrailingclothingbelowtheankles)atall,evenifoneclaimsthathe
doesnotintendprideandarrogance,forthismayleadtoarroganceandisakindofextravaganceand
exposingclothestodirtandimpurities.However,ifarroganceisintended,thesinismoregrave,forthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)said: Anyonewhotrailshisgarmentonthegroundoutofpride,Allahwillnotlookathimonthe
DayofResurrection. TheallowablelimitistilltheanklesitisnotpermissiblefortheMuslimtolowerhisclothes
belowtheankles,basedontheabovementionedHadiths.However,awomanshouldwearlongclothesthat
coverherfeet.

Asforwhatwasauthenticallyreportedthat AlSiddiq(AbuBakr,mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)saidtotheProphet(peace
beuponhim):'MyIzarslipsdownifIdonotpayattentiontoit.'

(PartNo:5,PageNo:381)

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said:'Youarenotoneofthosewhodoitoutofpride.' Themeaningisthatwhoevertrailshis
garmentunintentionallyandkeepsonraisingitisnottobeincludedintheadmonitionoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim),sincehe
doesnotdothisonpurposeoroutofconceitandsincehedoesnotletittrailbutkeepsonraisingit.

Onthecontrary,whoeverintendstotrailhisgarmentistobeaccusedofconceitandhisactisameansforthis.AllahAlone(Glorified
beHe)knowswhatliesinthehearts.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)generallywarnedinhisHadithsagainstIsbalwithoutexcluding
theonewhotrailshisgarmentwithoutconceit.TheMuslimmustkeepawayfromtheforbiddenactsandthecausesofAllah'sAnger
andabidebytheLimitsofAllah,hopingforrewardandfearingpunishment.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andwhatsoever
theMessenger(Muhammad)givesyou,takeitandwhatsoeverheforbidsyou,abstain(fromit).AndfearAllh
verily,AllhisSevereinpunishment. And: Thesearethelimits(setby)Allh(orordainmentsasregardslawsofinheritance),and
whosoeverobeysAllhandHisMessenger(Muhammad)willbeadmittedtoGardensunderwhichriversflow(in
Paradise),toabidetherein,andthatwillbethegreatsuccess. AndwhosoeverdisobeysAllhandHisMessenger(Muhammad
),andtransgressesHislimits,HewillcasthimintotheFire,toabidethereinandheshallhaveadisgracefultorment.
MayAllahguideMuslimstowhatpleasesHimandtowhatkeepsthemuprightinreligiousandworldlymatters.Indeed,HeistheBest
Onetobeasked.

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Twoquestionsaboutperfumes

(PartNo:5,PageNo:382)

Q1:Whatistherulingonwearingperfumescontainingapercentageofalcohol?

A : Theoriginalruleconcerningperfumesandscentswhicharecommonamongpeopleisthattheyare
lawfulexceptthatwhichisknowntobecontainingingredientsthatrenderitprohibitedtousesuchas
alcohol,impuritiesandthelike.Otherwise,theoriginalruleisthatallperfumes,suchasaloes,ambergris,
musk,etc.arelawful.

Ifoneknowsthatacertainperfumecontainsprohibitedingredientssuchasalcoholorakindofimpurityone
mustabandonit.Thisincludeseaudecologne,foritisprovedmedicallythatitcontainsapercentageof
alcoholwhichisanintoxicant,sooneshouldabandonit,unlesstherearepurekinds.AllpraisebetoAllah,
therearesomanyperfumeswhichAllahhasmadelawfulthatmakeusdispensewithusingthosewhich
containalcohol.Similarly,anykindoffoodordrinkthatcontainsintoxicantsshouldbeabandoned.Therule
iswhateverintoxicatesinlargequantities,asmallamountofitisHaram(prohibited).TheMessengerof
Allah(peacebeuponhim)said: Ifalargeamountofanythingcausesintoxication,asmallamountofitisHaram. May
Allahgrantussuccess.

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Q2:Musk,aloesandrosearestrongperfumesusedbywomen.Whatistherulingonusing
themparticularlybywomenwhogooutdoorswearingthem?Doeshonoringthefemale
visitorsbyincensingthemhavethesameruling?

A : Itisforbiddenforwomentogooutsidetheirhomeswhilewearingperfume.Sheshouldneitherwear
perfumewhengoingoutnorofferperfumetoherfemaleguests.Rather,sheshouldgentlytellthemshe
wishesshecouldofferthemperfume,butforthefactthatwomenarenotallowedtogooutwhilewearingit.
Inthisway,shecouldcombinegivingadviceandavoidingwhatAllahforbids.

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FromNuralaAlDarbradioprogram

(PartNo:5,PageNo:383)

Q:ASudanesepersonlivinginAlAnbarsays:Inourcountrywehavevarioussects.Eachsect
followsacertainshaykhtoguideandteachthemandbelievethathewillintercedeforthem
withAllahontheDayofResurrection.Theyalsobelievethatwhoeverdoesnotfollowa
shaykhwillgoastrayinthislifeandintheHereafter.Shouldwefollowthoseshaykhsornot?
Please,adviseus!MayAllahblessyou!

A : AllpraisebetoAllah,andpeaceandblessingsbeuponHisMessenger,hisfamily,hisCompanions,and
thosewhofollowhisguidance!Whatthequestionermentionsabouthavingintheircountryshaykhswhom
theyfollowandthebeliefthatonewhodoesnothaveashaykhwillbeastrayinthisworldandtheHereafter
isMunkar(anactwhichisunacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect).It
isnotpermissibletofolloworbelieveinsuchthings.ThisrelatestotheSufiswhobelievethattheirshaykhs
aretheleadersandthatitisobligatorytofollowthemblindly.However,thisisgraveerrorandutter
ignorance.Thereisnooneinthislifewhosefootstepsaretobefollowedandcommandstakenasan
obligationexcepttheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim).

Asforscholars,theysometimeserr.Itisnotpermissibletoadoptanopinionofanyperson,evengreat
scholars,unlesshisopinionisinconformitywithAllahsShar(Law)whichMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)
conveyed. ThebeliefoftheSufiswithregardtotheirshaykhsisBatil(nullandvoid)andwrong.Theymust
repenttoAllahandfollowtheguidancewithwhichtheProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)wassent.
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)states, Say(OMuhammadtomankind):"Ifyou(really)loveAllhthenfollowme
(i.e.acceptIslmicMonotheism,followtheQurnandtheSunnah),Allhwillloveyouandforgiveyouyoursins.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:384)

Themeaningis:Say,OMessenger,tothosepeoplewhoclaimthattheyloveAllah:ifyouloveAllah,then
followme,Hewillloveyou.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, AndwhatsoevertheMessenger(Muhammad
)givesyou,takeitandwhatsoeverheforbidsyou,abstain(fromit). And, AndperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),andgive
ZaktandobeytheMessenger(Muhammad)thatyoumayreceivemercy(fromAllh).

ObeyingAllahandHisMessengerisobligatory.ItisnotpermissibletofollowanypersonaftertheMessenger
ofAllah(peacebeuponhim)unlesshisopinionisinconformitywithShariah(Islamiclaw).Theviewsof
anypersonmightberightorwrongexceptthoseoftheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim),whois
infallibleandprotectedfromerrorinalltherevelationsandlawswhichheconveyedtopeople.Allah(Exalted
beHe)states, Bythestarwhenitgoesdown(orvanishes). Yourcompanion(Muhammad)hasneither
goneastraynorhaserred. Nordoeshespeakof(hisown)desire. ItisonlyaRevelationrevealed. Thus,weareallto
followtheMessagewhichtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)wassentwith,holdfasttoandprotectthe
Islamicfaith,andnotbedeceivedbytheviewsoftheothersandfollowtheirmistakes.Alltheopinionsof
thescholarsshouldbemeasuredagainsttheQuranandtheSunnahandonlythosewhichareinconformity
withthemshouldbeacceptedotherwiserejected.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)states, Oyouwhobelieve!ObeyAllhand
obeytheMessenger(Muhammad),andthoseofyou(Muslims)whoareinauthority.(And)ifyoudifferinanything
amongstyourselves,referittoAllhandHisMessenger(),ifyoubelieveinAllhandintheLastDay.Thatis
betterandmoresuitableforfinaldetermination. And, Andinwhatsoeveryoudiffer,thedecisionthereofiswithAllh(Heisthe
rulingJudge). A n d , "Andverily,this(i.e.AllhsCommandmentsmentionedintheabovetwoVerses151and152)isMyStraight
Path,sofollowit,andfollownot(other)paths,fortheywillseparateyouawayfromHisPath.ThisHehasordainedforyouthatyou
maybecomeAlMuttaqn(thepiousseeV.2:2)." Accordingtoallscholars,itisnotpermissibletoadopttheviews
oftheshaykhsandimitatethemwithoutknowledgeandinsightitevenconstitutesMunkarbythe
Ijma(consensus)ofAhlulSunnahwalJamaah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody).

(PartNo:5,PageNo:385)

However,onlythescholarlyviewswhichareinaccordancewiththeTruthshouldbetakenbecausethey
conformtoitandnotbecauseitistheopinionofsoandso.AnyviewsofscholarsorSufishaykhsorothers
thatcontradicttheTruthshouldberefutedandabandoned,becausetheyarecontrarytotheTruthandnot
becausetheyaretheopinionsofanyparticularperson.

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ImpermissibilitytotakerevengeformurderthroughotherthantheShar`ymeans

(PartNo:5,PageNo:386)

Q:WhydoesIslamprohibitthatapersonavengesthemurderofhisrelative?Kindlyadviseon
thismatter,mayAllahrewardyou!

A : AllahhassetthelawofretaliationinIslam.Whenapersonkillsanotherunjustly,theheirsofthevictim
havetherighttoretaliateaccordingtothesetconditionsinShari`ah(Islamiclaw).Retributionmustalsobe
administeredandexecutedthroughtheproperauthoritiesintheIslamiclegalsystem.Theheirsmayaccept
bloodmoneyiftheyareMukallaf(personmeetingtheconditionstobeheldlegallyaccountablefortheir
actions),ortheymaywaiveretaliationandbloodmoneyaltogether.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Andthereis(a
savingof)lifeforyouinAlQiss(theLawofEqualityinpunishment),Omenofunderstanding,thatyoumaybecomeAlMuttaqn(the
piousSeeV.2:2). TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: Ifanyonekillsanotherintentionally,thekinofthevictim
caneitherkillhiminretributionoracceptbloodmoney. AllahtheAlmightyalsosaid: Therecompenseforanevilisanevil
likethereofbutwhoeverforgivesandmakesreconciliation,hisrewardiswithAllh.Verily,HelikesnottheZlimn(oppressors,
polytheists,andwrongdoers).

ButIslamdoesnotconsenttakingthelawinone'shandandignoringthelegalmethodsofachievingjustice.
For,thiswillleadtocorruption,trialsandsheddingthebloodofotherswithoutdueright.Retaliationisonly
soughtthroughlegalmeanswithitssetconditionsaccordingtothepenalcodesoftheShari`ah.

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ItisnotpermissibletorefrainfromteachingtheQur'anforfearofpeople'spraiseor
commendation

Q:Everyeveningafter`Isha'(Night)Prayer,Iteach

(PartNo:5,PageNo:387)

nonArabMuslimstorecitetheQur'anfortheSakeofAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Thus,Iteach
peopleofdifferentnationalitiessuchasPakistanis,Indians,Somalis,andothersaswellatthe
placeofresidence.ForweliveinacompoundwherethereisaMasjid(mosque)whichwas
establishedbyrighteouspeoplemayAllahblessthem.Now,theyrecitewellandmanyof
themareabletomanagetheirrecitationwithoutmyhelpbutIstillgotheretoteach.The
problemisthattheythankmeandexaggerateinpraisingandcommendingmeandIfearthe
HadithwhichisreportedbyAbuHurayrah(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)regardingthe
threemenwhoenteredtheHell.OneofthemisareciteroftheQur'antowhomAllahwillsay:
Youhaverecited(theQur'an)tobesaid:Heisa(good)reciter,andthatwassaid. Actually,Idisapproveofwhat
theydoandtrytostopthem,butwhatismyfaultinthis.ShallIbeconsideredsinfulifIstop
teachingthem?WhatshouldIdo?

A : Inallcircumstancesyouaretobethankedforthisgooddeed.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidina
Sahih(authentic)Hadith: Thebestamongyou(Muslims)arethosewholearntheQur'anandteachit Therefore,youare
tobethankedforyourefforts,andyouwillreceiveagreatrewardandthereisnoblameonyouaslongas
youdevoteyouractiontoAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Youwillnotbeharmedbytheirpraise,butyouhaveto
adviseandexhortthemnottoexaggerateinpraising.ItisenoughthattheysupplicatetoAllahforyou
insteadofpraisingyou.MayAllahincreaseyourzealandgrantyousuccess!

AsforthethreatmentionedintheHadith,itisforapersonwhorecitestobesaid:Theyareareciterand
learnknowledgetobesaid:Ascholar.AsforthosewhoteachthepeopletogainAllah'sReward,theywill
notbeharmedbypeople'spraiseaslongastheyaresincereintheiractions.MayAllahgrantussuccess!

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Offeringsacrificeswhileconstructinganewhomeoraftercompletingit

(PartNo:5,PageNo:388)

Q:AquestionfromaSudanesebrotherreadsasfollows:Wehaveacustominourcountrythat
whenapersonwantstobuildahouseforhimself,heoffersasacrificewhileconstructingitor
maydelayituntilthebuildingiscompleteandisreadytooccupy.Theyinviterelativesand
neighborstothissacrifice.Whatisyouropinionaboutthispractice?Isthereaprescribedact
tobeperformedbeforeoccupyingnewhomes?Couldyoukindlyadvise?MayAllahreward
you!

A : AllpraisebetoAllahAlone,andpeaceandblessingsbeuponHisMessenger,hisfamily,hisCompanions
andthosewhofollowhisguidance.

Thispracticerequiressomeclarification.InthecasewherethesacrificeisofferedasprotectionagainstJinn
orsomeotherreasonforwhichthehomeownerseekshissafetyorthesafetyoftheinhabitants,itisnot
permissiblebecauseitisanactofBidah(innovationinreligion).IfitisdedicatedtotheJinn,itisamajor
Shirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship),becauseitconstitutesIbadah(worship)to
otherthanAllah.

Butifthehomeowneroffersasacrificeasanexpressionofgratitudeforhavingcompletedtheconstruction
ofhishometheninvitesrelativesandneighborsforthisbanquet,thereisnothingwronginthis.Thisisdone
bymanypeopleoutofgratitudetoAllahforallowingthemtobuildtheirownhomeanddwellinit,rather
thanrentingone.Thisiswhatsomepeopledowhenreturningfromajourneytheyinviterelativesand
friendstothankAllahfortheirsafereturn.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)usedtoslaughteracamel
whenreturningfromajourneyandwouldinvitethepeopletopartakeofit.

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TherulingonofferingSalahinMasjidscontaininggraves

Q:BrotherM.A.N.fromMitTarifDaqahliyyahEgypt,asks:IsitpermissibletoofferSalah
(Prayer)intheMasjids(mosques)containinggraves?

A : OfferingSalahintheMasjidscontaininggravesisnotpermissibleandsuchgravesmustbe
exhumedandtheremainsmustbemovedtothepubliccemetery.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:389)

Theremainsineverygraveshouldbeburiedinaseparateholeasisthecaseforallgraves.It
isnotpermissiblethatagraveremainsinaMasjid,whetherthegraveofaWaliy(pious
person)oranyother.TheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)prohibitedandwarnedagainstthis
cursingtheJewsandtheChristiansforthispractice.ItwasauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said: MayAllahcursetheJewsandtheChristians,fortheyhavetakenthegravesoftheirProphetsas
placesofworship Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)said:Hewaswarningagainst(doing)
whattheydid.(AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim). WhenUmSalamahandUmHabibahinformedthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)aboutachurchinAbyssinia(Ethiopia)whichcontainedpictures,hesaid:Whenapiouspersonamong
thosepeopledies,theybuildaplaceofworshiponhisgrave,andthenmakesuchpicturesinit.Thosearetheevilestcreaturesinthe
SightofAllah. (Agreeduponitsauthenticity).Moreover,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said:
Beware!ThosewhoprecededyouusedtotakethegravesoftheirProphetsandrighteouspeopleasplacesofworship.Donottake
gravesasplacesofworshipIforbidyoutodothat. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih[AuthenticHadithBook]
ontheauthorityofJundubibnAbdullahAlBajaly)He(peacebeuponhim)forbadebuildingplacesof
worshipovergraves,cursedthosewhodidso,andstatedthatthesearetheworstof
creatures.So,itisobligatorytowarnagainstthispractice.

ItiswellknownthatwhoeveroffersSalahatagrave,infacttakesitasaMasjidandthose
whobuildplacesofworshipoverit,takeitasaMasjid.Itisobligatorytokeepgravesaway
fromtheMasjidsandnottoplacegravesinsidethemincompliancetothecommandofthe
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)andtobeawareoftheCursethatAllah(GlorifiedandExalted
beHe)placedonthosewhobuiltMasjidsovergraves.WhenoneoffersSalahinMasjidswhich
containgraves,Satanmaydeceivethemintosupplicatingtothedead,seekingtheirhelp,or
prostratingtothem.DoingsomaycausethemtofallintomajorShirk(associatingotherswith
AllahinHisDivinityorworship).Thisisoneofthepracticesof theJewsandtheChristiansanditis
obligatorytodifferfromthemandavoidtheirpracticesandevilways.

However,ifthegraveisoldandaMasjidisbuiltoverit,itisobligatorytodemolishtheMasjid
becauseitisnewlybuilt,asheldbythepeopleofknowledge,inordertoblockthemeans
whichmayleadtoShirk.MayAllahgrantussuccess!

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TravelingtononMuslimcountries

(PartNo:5,PageNo:390)

Q:MayAllahrewardyou!IthasrecentlybeennoticedthatmanyyouthtraveltononMuslim
countrieseitherforstudyorotherreasons.SomeofthemarenewconvertstoIslam.Doyou
thinkthattheyneedanadministrationorspecialauthoritytofollowup,directthem,andtake
careoftheiraffairs?ThisadministrationmaybesupervisedbytheGeneralPresidencyofthe
AdministrationsofScientificResearch,Ifta,DawahandGuidanceorbytheIslamicLeague.

A : Nodoubtthatstudentstravelingisveryrisky,whethertheyarethechildrenofMuslimsor
newconvertstoIslam.Wemustpaymoreattentiontothisgreatdangerandbeawareofits
adverseconsequences.Wehavewrittenmanytimeswarningagainsttravelingabroadand
explaineditsdangers.Ifthereissomenecessity,travelersmustbesufficientlymature,
understandIslamwell,andhaveachaperonetomonitortheirbehaviorsotheywillnotbe
mislead.Wemustbewareofthisandfollowtheirprogressuntiltheyattaintheirgoalbecause
theriskishigh.

Whenhighschoolorcollegestudentstravelabroad,theriskishighatthisage.Wemust
providespecializationsinourcountryseducationalsystemratherthanhavingtotravel
abroad.Iftravelisnecessary,studentsmustbeselectedbasedupontheirgoodcharacter,
knowledge,andsoundmind.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:391)

However,theremustbeasupervisortofollowuponthemandmonitortheiractionsuntilthey
return.Theymaytravelprovidedthatthespecializationisofgreatneedandthereisno
equivalentspecialtywithinourcountry.

WeaskAllahtograntusandtherulersgood,andtohelpthepeopleofknowledgefulfilltheir
duties.

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Womanandmaledoctors

(PartNo:5,PageNo:392)

Q:Whatisyourpositionontheissueofwomenandmaledoctorswhichisfrequentlyasked
aboutandembarrassingtoMuslims?WhatdoyouadviseMuslimsistersandthosewhoare
responsibleforthem?

A : ThereisnodoubtthattheissueofMuslimwomenandmaledoctorsisveryimportantand
tiringhowever,aslongasthewomanisGodfearing,pious,discerning,shemusttake
precautionsforherselfandbecarefulofthismatter.Itisnotpermissibleforhertobein
Khulwah(beingalonewithamemberoftheoppositesex)withamaledoctor,asitisnot
permissiblefordoctorstobeinKhulwahwithher.Ordersandinstructionshavebeengivento
maleswhoareresponsibleforwomentopreventthis.Awomanmustavoidthisandseekthe
capablefemaledoctorswheneveravailableallpraisebetoAllahthus,therewillbeno
needforamaledoctor.

Whenthereisanecessitytovisitamaledoctorduetothelackoffemaledoctors,thereisno
objectiontoexaminationandtreatment,becausethesemattersbecomepermissiblewhen
necessitycalls.Theexaminationmustnotbedoneinprivate,ratherinthepresenceofa
Mahram(spouseorunmarriageablerelative)whentheillnessisinthehead,hand,leg,orthe
like.IftheillnessisintheAwrah(privatepartsofthebodythatmustbecoveredinpublic)
regions,herhusbandoranotherwomanmustbepresentthisisbetterandsafer,orinthe
presenceofoneortwonurses.Ifthereisawomanwiththenurse,itwillbebetterandsafer
topreventsuspicion.However,beinginprivatewiththewomanisnotpermissible.

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RecitingtheQuraninaudibly

(PartNo:5,PageNo:393)

Q:AllpraisebetoAllah,IrecitetheQuranfrommemoryasifIwerereadingit,butmy
problemisthatwhenIrecitealoudwithoutMushaf(acopyoftheQuran),Imakemany
mistakes.IsthereanyharmorreductioninThawab(rewardfromAllah)ifIrecitetheQuran
inaudibly?

A : RecitingtheQuraninaudiblyisbetterbecauseoftheHadithrelatedbytheSixHadith
Compilers(AlBukhari,Muslim,AbuDawud,AlTirmidhy,AlNasay,andIbnMajah)witha
goodSanad(chainofnarrators)fromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)thathestated: Onewho
recitestheQuraninaloudvoiceislikeonewhogivesSadaqah(voluntarycharity)openlyandonewhorecitestheQuranquietlyis
likeonewhogivesSadaqahsecretly. ThisindicatesthatrecitingtheQuraninaudiblyispreferableasis
givingcharityinsecret,exceptwhenthereisaneedandabenefitinrecitingaloudasinthe
caseoftheImamleadingpeopleinSalah(Prayer)oronewhodeliversaKhutbah(sermon)so
thatpeoplecanhearandbenefit.

IfrecitinginaudiblyismorebeneficialandhelpfulinmemorizingtheQuran,orevenhelpful
forgoodrecitation,thenrecitinginaudiblyisbetter.However,ifyourMuslimbrotherswantto
hearyourecite,youmayreadfromtheMushaftoavoidmistakesoryoumayrecitefrom
memoryandincaseyoumakeamistake,lookattheMushaforhavesomeonecorrectyou.

ThepointisthatifthereisbenefitinrecitingtheQuranaudibly,itisbesttorecitealoudand
ifthereisnoneedforthis,recitinginaudiblywillbebetterinordertorecitewell.

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Thehobbyofdrawing

(PartNo:5,PageNo:394)

Q:Mysistershobbyisdrawing.Whenshefinishedsecondaryschoolandjoinedtheuniversity,
thishobbydeveloped.Shedrawsthingsperfectly.Iadvisedhertoforsakethisactand
remindedherofthePropheticHadith,butshesaysthatitisahobbyandshecannotgiveitup.
Itshouldbenotedthatsheiswellmanneredandreligiouslycommitted.Pleaseexplainthis
matter,asmaybeAllahwillguidehertothestraightpath.

A : EveryMuslim,maleorfemale,isobligedtoobeytheCommandsofAllahandHisMessenger
(peacebeuponhim).LikingahobbycannotbeanexcusefordisobedienceasobeyingAllah
andHisMessengershouldtakeprecedenceoverahobby.Canapersonwhosehobbyis
drinkingintoxicantsortheabandonmentofSalahkeepthishobby?!Ofcoursenot,thisis
wrong.ItisobligatorytoactaccordingtoShariah(Islamiclaw)ineverythingincluding
dealingwithhobbies.Ifshelikesthehobbyofdrawing,shecandrawpicturesoftrees,
mountains,carsandinanimateobjects.Itisimpermissibletodrawabeingwithasoul.She
hastogiveupthishobbyforthesakeofAllahandHisMessenger.MayAllahguideusallto
whatpleasesHim!

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Thenecessityofchildrenbeingpleasedwiththeirfathersjustdistributionofproperties
amongthem

(PartNo:5,PageNo:395)

HisExcellence,therespectableShaykhAbdulAzizibnBazAssalamualaykumwarahmatullah
wabarakatuh(MayAllahsPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)Iwillexplainmyproblem
toYourEminenceandIaskAllahtohelpyoufindasolutionforit.Wearethreesistersand
twobrothersborntodifferentmothers.TwoofmysistersarefullsistersbutIhaveanother
mother.Ourfather,mayAllahrewardhimwell,wishedtogiveeachofusapieceoflandinhis
lifetime.Iamtheelderofmysistersandbrotherssomyfathercametomeatfirstandtold
methathehadapieceoflandinAlUmrahdistrictandthathewillgivemehalfofitand
buildaMasjid(mosque)ontheremainingpart.Iacceptedhisgift,thankedhimand
supplicatedAllahforhim.Afterwards,hetoldmethattheconcernedbodiesofthe
governmentdidnotadmitthedivisionofthelandandthereforehewouldgivethislandtomy
twosisterswhomayagreetosellorbuildovertheentirelot,oroneofthemmayassignher
sharetotheotherinreturnforasumofmoneyshegivestohersister.Itisworthmentioning
thatbothmysistersareemployedandareabletopaythemoneyevenininstallments.My
fatherhasanotherpieceoflandinAlRiyadhwhichhegavetomybrothersandanotherone
whichhegavetotheirmotherwhoisnothiswifeanymore.Heaskedmetochoosebetween
twopiecesoflandinAlKhubrandthreeinAlKhafjyortwopiecesinAlT aifoneofthemin
AlHudadistrictandtheotheroneliesinBuhrahhegavemetimetothinkaboutwhichoneI
wouldchoose.IlaterchosetheoneinBuhrahdistricteventhoughIhadnotseenityet.He,on
hispart,gavemeitstitledeed.Now,IfindthatIhavebeenwrongedsoisitpermissiblefor
metoaskhimtoreplacethispieceoflandwithanother?Please,putyourFatwaatthe
bottomofmyquestion.MayAllahrewardyoubest!

Signature

WaalaykumAssalamuwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllahsPeace,Mercy,andBlessings
beuponyou,too!)

Idonotthinkthatyouhavearighttoaskforanotherpieceasyourcaseisakindof
arrangementbetweenyouandyoursistersbyyourfather,mayAllahrewardhimgood,and
youchosewhatAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)predeterminedforyou.Thiscaseisnotakindofselling
orpurchasingbutyourfatherwantedtodojusticetoyouandyouweresatisfiedwiththeland
youreferredto.Accordingly,thereisnowaytobackdownonyourchoice.WeaskAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)toblessyouandreformtheconditionsofallMuslims.Assalamualaykum
warahmatullahwabarakatuh!

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(PartNo:5,PageNo:396)

Accountabilityasregardsthegarmentonewears

Q:IsittruethatmanwillbebroughtontheDayofResurrectiontoaccountforthegarments
heworeinworldlylife?

A : Yes,peoplewillbeaskedabouttheirpropertyhowtheyearneditanddisposedofit,as
reportedinthePropheticHadith.

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RulingoneatingthefleshofanimalsslaughteredbytheChristians

Q:IsitpermissibletoeatthefleshofanimalsslaughteredbytheChristiansatourcurrent
time?Itisworthmentioningthattheyusemanymethodsforslaughtering,suchasusingthe
machinesandanesthetics.

A : Itispermissibletoeatthefleshoftheanimalsslaughteredbythemunlessyouknowthat
theanimalsarenotslaughteredinthemannerprescribedbyShariah(Islamiclaw).Thebasic
rulingisthattheyareaslawfulastheanimalsslaughteredbyMuslims.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)
says, Thefood(slaughteredcattle,eatableanimals)ofthepeopleoftheScripture(JewsandChristians)islawfultoyouandyours
islawfultothem.

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DiversityofQiraatoftheQuran

(PartNo:5,PageNo:397)

Q:ItissaidthatthediversityofQiraat(recitationstyles)oftheQuranresultindifferencein
theQuran,asitmayimplyasecondmeaning,suchasAyah(13)inSurahAlIsra,saying:
[(meaningsofwhicharetranslatedas:)AndontheDayofResurrection,Weshallbringoutfor
himabookwhichhewillfindwideopen]. Pleaseclarifywithprovidingananalysisofthephrase:"
".

A : ItisauthenticallyreportedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)thattheQuranwas
divinelyrevealedinsevenacceptablestylesofrecitations,i.e.sevenArabaccentsanddialects
outofmercyandfacilitatingrecitation.TherecitationsoftheQuranhavebeentransmittedby
Tawatur(asignificantnumberofreliablenarratorswhoseagreementuponalieis
impossible).TheconsistencyoftheQuranconfirmsthis.AlltheQiraatoftheQuranarebased
onrevelationfromAllah,theAllWise,thePraiseworthy.

Therefore,thediversityofQiraatdoesnotmeanperversion,alteration,orambiguityinthe
meaningsoftheQuran.Likewise,itdoesnotimplycontradictionordisorderintheobjectives
intended.Infact,eachpartoftheQuranconfirmsandexplainstheother.Certainmeanings
accordingtosomeQiraatmaydiffer,yetthisdifferenceaimsatachievingagoalinthe
Shariah(Islamiclaw)orprovidingabenefitforpeople,whileremainingconsistentin
meaning,agreeinginobjectives,formingapartofonecomplete,perfectlyaccuratelegislation
body,withouttheslightestblemishofconflictorcontradictionamongthem.

Forexample,accordingtothereportedQiraatoftheAyahcitedbythequestioner,whichis
theSayingofAllah(ExaltedbeHe): Ifwhen
readingtheword()["Wanukhriju"]theletter""(Nun)ispronouncedwithDamm
(vowelpointthatsoundslike"u")andtheletter""(Ra')ispronouncedwithKasr(vowelpoint
thatsoundslike"i")andwhenreading:()["Yalqah"]theletter""(Ya')ispronounced
withFath(vowelpointthatsoundslike"a"),withtheletter""(Qaf)deemphasized,the
meaningwillbe:ontheDayofResurrectionWeshallbringoutforeverypersonarecordi.e.
therecordoftheirgoodandbaddeeds,whichtheywillfindspreadopen.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:398)

Theblessedpeoplewilltaketheirrecordswiththeirrighthandswhilethewretchedwilltake
theirswiththeirlefthands.Second:ifwhenreading:""theletter""(Ya')is
pronouncedwithDamm(vowelpointthatsoundslike"u")withtheletter""(Qaf)
emphasized:"Yulaqqahumanshura"themeaningwillbe:ontheDayofResurrectionWeshall
bringoutforeverypersontheirrecordofdeeds,whichtheywillbegivenspreadopen.So,the
twoQiraatconveythesamemeaningbecauseineithercase,receivedorbeengiven,humans
willtaketherecordsoftheirdeeds.

Similarly,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: [(meaningsof
whicharetranslatedas:)Intheirheartsisadisease(ofdoubtandhypocrisy)andAllhhasincreasedtheirdisease.Apainfultorment
istheirsbecausetheyusedtotelllies]. Ifwhenreading()["Yakdhibun"]theletter""(Ya')is
pronouncedwithFath("a"),theletter""(Kaf)hasSukunonit(vowelless),andtheletter"
"(Dhal)ispronouncedwithKasr("i"),themeaningwillbe:TellliesaboutAllahandthe
believers.Theword()mayalsoberecited:"Yukadhdhibun",wheretheletter""(Ya')
ispronouncedwithDamm("u"),theletter""(Kaf)withFath("a")andtheletter""(Dhal)
withShaddah(doubleconsonant),inthatcasethemeaningwillbe:BelietheMessengers
regardingtheirrevealedmessages.ItisapparentthatthemeaningsofthetwoQiraatare
congruouswitheachothereachofthemshowsacharacteristicofthehypocrites.Thefirst
describedthemwithtellingliesaboutAllah(ExaltedbeHe),HisMessengers,andpeople
whereastheseconddescribedthemwithbelyingtheMessengersasregardstheLawandthe
Truthrevealedtothem.So,botharetrue,forthehypocritescombinebothtellingliesabout
andbelyingMessengers.

Consequently,itbecomesclearthatthediversityoftheQiraatoftheQuranisdivinelymeant
foraDivineWisdom.ThediversityofQiraatisnotaproductionofhumanperversionor
alterationsanditdoesnotresultinerror,contradiction,ordisorderrather,inallcases,their
meaningsandobjectivesareconsistentandagreeing.MayAllahgrantussuccess!

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Cuttingtieswiththosewhocommitmajorsins

(PartNo:5,PageNo:399)

WereceivedaletterfromAlgeriainwhichthequestionerwrote:Q:Howarewetotreatthose
whocommitmajorsinssuchassodomy,Zina(premaritalsexualintercourseand/oradultery)
andothersinsthatQuranstronglythreatensthosewhocommittheseacts.Isitpermissibleto
speaktothemorgreetthem(i.e.bysayingpeacebeuponyoutothem)?Isitpermissibleto
maintaintieswiththeminordertoremindthemofAllahsWarningandseverPunishment,if
therearesignsthattheymayofferTawbah(repentancetoAllah)?

A : Youmustadviseanyonewhoissuspectedofcommittingthesemajorsins.Youhaveto
warnthemoftheirbadconsequences,andinformthemthattheycausethehearttobecome
diseased,hardened,andultimatelydie.However,whoeverdisclosessuchsinstopeopleor
committhemopenlytheiraffairhastobereportedtotheauthoritiesandHad(ordained
p u n i s h m e n t f o r v i o l a t i n g A l l a hsLaw)mustbeimposeduponthem.Moreover,itis
impermissibletomaintainrelationswithsuchpeopleortosocializewiththem.Tiesmustbe
cutwiththemforAllah(ExaltedbeHe)mayguidethemandgrantthemTawbah(repentance
toAllah)throughthis.Conversely,ifseveringtieswiththemwillincreasetheirevilsanother
wayofdisapprovingtheirwrongdoingisthroughrepeatedremindersandcontinuedadvisein
thebestmanneruntilAllahguidesthem.Ineithercase,itisimpermissibletobefriendthem,
althoughpeoplemustadviseandwarnthemcontinuouslyagainsttheirrepulsivedeeds.Asfor
theauthoritiesofMuslimcountries,theyhavetopunishthosewhoindulgeintheseactsand
imposeHudud(pluralofHad)onthem.Peoplewhoknowaboutthecommittersofsuchsins
havetohelptheircountrytoachievetheforegoingforAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)states: Helpyou
oneanotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,righteousnessandpiety) and:

(PartNo:5,PageNo:400)

Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)Al
M a rf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbelief
ofallkinds,andallthatIslmhasforbidden) .

He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsostates: ByAlAsr(thetime). Verily,manisinloss, Exceptthosewho


believe(inIslmicMonotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommendoneanothertothetruth[i.e.orderoneanotherto
performallkindsofgooddeeds(AlMaruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeeds(AlMunkar
whichAllhhasforbidden],andrecommendoneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,andinjurieswhichonemayencounter
inAllhsCauseduringpreachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd).

Inaddition,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated: Anyoneofyouwhoseessomethingevil,letthemrectifyit
withtheirhand(bytakingaction)iftheycannot,thenwiththeirtongue(byspeakingout)andiftheycannot,thenwiththeirheart(by
hatingitandfeelingthatitiswrong)andthatistheweakestofIman(belief). (RelatedbyImamMusliminhisSahih
[AuthenticHadithBook])TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: Din(Religion)issincerity!They
said, Towhom,OMessengerofAllah?He(peacebeuponhim)answered,ToAllah,HisBook,HisMessenger,andtheImams
(leaders)ofMuslimsandtheircommonpeople. (RelatedbyMuslim)TherearemanyotherAyahs(Quranic
verses)andHadithtothesameeffect.

MayAllahsetrighttheaffairsofallMuslims,bestowonthemgoodunderstandingofDin
(religion),helpthemtourgeoneanothertothetruthandtobepatientonthis,unifytheir
wordontrueguidance,andreformtheirauthorities.Verily,AllahistheBestOnetobesought
forsupport.

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Forsakingbackbiters

(PartNo:5,PageNo:401)

Thequestioner(...)fromHailinquires,"Ihaveafriendwhoisofthehabitoftalkingabout
peoplebehindtheirbackIadvisedhimtostopbutinvain.Sometimeshewouldsaysuch
thingswithagoodintention.Myquestionis:ShouldIabandonhim?"

A : SayingthingsaboutMuslimswhichtheywilldisliketohearisagraveMunkar(anactwhich
isunacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)andis
includedinprohibitedGhibah(backbiting).Itisalsooneofthemajorsins,becauseAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)says, Andspynot,neitherbackbiteoneanother.Wouldoneofyouliketoeatthefleshofhisdeadbrother?
Youwouldhateit(sohatebackbiting).AndfearAllh.Verily,AllhistheOneWhoforgivesandacceptsrepentance,MostMerciful.

Moreover,MuslimnarratedinhisSahih(AuthenticHadithBook)ontheauthorityofAbuHurayrah
(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Doyouknowwhatis
Ghibah(backbiting)?Theysaid,AllahandHisMessengerknowbest.He(peacebeuponhim)said,Yourmentioningyourbrother
withsomethingabouthimthathedislikes.Itwassaid,Tellme,ifwhatIsayaboutmybrotheristruly(found)inhim?He(peacebe
uponhim)said, Ifwhatyousayistrulyinhim,thenyouhavebackbittenhimandifitisnotinhim,thenyouhaveslanderedhim.
Moreover,itisauthenticallyreportedthat TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)sawonthenightofMiraj(Ascension
toHeaven)peoplewhohadcopperfingernailswithwhichtheyscratchtheirfacesandchests.HeaskedJibril(Gabriel),Whoare
these? Hereplied, Thesearetheoneswhoeatthefleshofpeople(backbitethem)andimpugntheirhonour. (Narratedby
AhmadandAbuDawudwithagoodIsnad[chainofnarrators]ontheauthorityof Anas)The
greatscholarIbnMuflihsaid,"ItsIsnadisSahih(sound),"andheadded,"AbuDawudrelated
itwithagoodIsnad

(PartNo:5,PageNo:402)

ontheauthorityofAbuHurayrahinaMarfuHadith(aHadithnarratedfromtheProphetwitha
connectedordisconnectedchainofnarration), Indeed,amongthemajorsinsisattackingthehonorofaMuslim
withoutright.

Therefore,youandotherMuslimsshouldavoidsittingwiththosewhobackbiteMuslimsand
advisethemtoabandonthisilldeed.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Anyoneofyouwhosees
anevilaction,letthemchangeitwiththeirhand(bytakingaction)iftheycannot,thenwiththeirtongue(byspeakingout)andifthey
cannot,thenwiththeirheart(byhatingitandfeelingthatitiswrong)andthatistheweakestofIman(faith). (Relatedby
MusliminhisSahih)Ifthepersondoesnotcomplywiththeadvicegivenanddesist,thendo
notsitwithsuchapersonforthisisafullexpressionofdisapprovingtheiract.

WeaskAllahtoreformtheconditionsofallMuslimsandguidethemtowhatachievetheir
happinessandsalvationinthisworldandintheHereafter.

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CanawomansupplicatetoAllahsaying,"IamAbduk(Yourmaleservant)"?

(PartNo:5,PageNo:403)

Q:InoneoftheHadiths,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)isreportedtohavesaid: Anyperson
whoisovercomebysadnessorgriefandsupplicates,saying:"OAllah!IamYourservant,sonofYourservantandYourfemale
servant.MyforelockisinYourHand.Yourdecisionconcerningmeshallcertainlycometopass.JustisYourJudgmentaboutme...etc.
IsitpermissibleforawomantosayinthisDuaandsimilarones,"IamAmatuk(Iamyour
femaleservant)",orshouldshesay"IamAbduk(lit.IamYourmaleservant)"?

A : Thematterisopentochoice,InshaaAllah(ifAllahwills),butitisbetterforhertosay:
Allahummainniamatukawaabnatuabdikawaabnatuamatika(OAllah,IamYourfemale
servant,daughterofYourmaleandfemaleservants),andsoon.Thisismoreappropriateand
morebefittingforher.However,ifshesaysthewordingthatisreportedintheHadith,thereis
noproblemInshaaAllah,becauseeventhoughsheisfemale,sheisoneoftheServantsof
Allah(ExaltedbeHe).

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SayingInshaaAllahregardingacompletedaction

Q:Iheardsomepeoplesaying:WhenyouperformcertainactssuchasofferingSalah(Prayer),
Sawm(Fasting)orotherreligiousactsorworldlyaffairs,andyouareasked,"Didyouprayor
fast?"Donotsay,"InshaaAllah(ifAllahwills)"insteadsay,"Yes",foryouhavealready
completedtheseacts.Whatisyouropinionconcerningthis?

A:Thisissueneedselaboration.RegardingactsofIbadah(worship),thereisnothingwrongin
sayingforexample,"InshaaAllahIofferedSalahorSawm",foritisnotknownwhethersuch
anactwasperformedperfectlyorwasacceptedornot.TheMuminun(believers)wouldsay
thisconcerningtheirIman(Faith)orSawm,fortheydidnotknowwhethertheyhadperfectly
observedthemornot.Thisiswhytherewerethoseamongthemthatwouldsayforexample,
"IfastedInshaaAllah"or"IamaMumin(believer)InshaaAllah".

However,thingsthatdonotnecessitatesaying,"InshaaAllah"likesaying,"Isoldsomething
InshaaAllah",thereisnoneedtosayit.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:404)

Likewise,ifapersonsays,"IhadmylunchordinnerInshaaAllah",thisdoesnotnecessitate
saying,"InshaaAllah".Theseactsarenormalactswhichhavebeencompleted,unlikeactsof
Ibadahwhichapersoncannotknowwhetherornottheyhavebeenfulfilled.Inthiscase,
whenapersonsays,"InshaaAllah",theydothisoutofseekingtheBlessingofAllahsName
(GlorifiedbeHe)andalsotoavoidclaimingtohavedonesomethingwithouthavingperformed
itperfectlyorgivingititsdue.

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Titlesofsomebeneficialbooks

Q:WouldyoukindkyrecommendsomeusefulbooksaboutworldlyandIslamicknowledge?

A : Therearemanyusefulbooks,themostimportantofwhichistheQur'an.Itcontains
guidance,light,invitestoallthatisgood,expresseshighmoralstandardsandthebestof
deeds.ItinformsusofAllah'sCommandsandwhatHehaspreparedforthosewhoobeyHim,
andtheunlawfulmattersandwhatHehaspreparedforthosewhodisobeyHim.TheQur'anis
thenoblest,greatest,andmostusefulBook.ThencomestheBooksoftheSunnahsuchas:Al
Bukhari,Muslim,aswellasotherwellknownbooksofSunnahsuchasAbuDawud,AlTirmidhy,AlNasa'y,Ibn
Majah,SunanAlDarimy,MusnadAhmadibnHanbal,andtheMuwatta'ofMalik(mayAllahbemercifulwith
themall).Theabovebooksareveryedifying.

However,weadvisethosewhodonothavereligiousknowledgetomemorizetheQur'an,or
readthecompilationson`Aqidah(creed)andHadithsuchas"KitabAlTawhid(Bookof
Tawhid)","ThalathatAlUsul(TheThreeFundamentals),and"KashfAlShubuhat(Removalof
Doubts)"bySheikhMuhammadibn`AbdulWahhab."Al`AqidahAlWasitiyyah"bySheikhulIslamIbn
Taymiyyah(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim),"BulughAlMaram"byAlHafizhIbnHajar,"`UmdatAl
Hadith"byAlHafizh`AbdulGhaniAlMaqdisi," A lArba`inAlNawawiyyah(TheFortyNawawy
Hadith)"andtheircompletionbyAlHafizhIbnRajab,and"AdabAlMashiilaAlSalah"bySheikh
Muhammad

(PartNo:5,PageNo:405)

Ibn`AbdulWahhab(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim).Itisalsorecommendedtoreadthefollowingbooks:"FathAlMajid","RiyadAl
Salihin","ZadAlMa`ad","Jami`Al`UlumwalHikam"byAlHafizhIbnRajab,andthelikebriefusefulbooks.

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RulingontouchingacopyofthetranslatedmeaningsoftheQur'an

Q:IhaveacopyoftheEnglishtranslationoftheQur'anmeanings.IsitpermissibleforaKafir
(nonMuslim)totouchit?

A : ThereisnoproblemifaKafirtouchesacopyoftheEnglishorothertranslationofthe
Qur'anmeanings.SincethetranslationisanexplanationofthemeaningsoftheQur'an,there
isnoharmifaKafirorMuslimwhoisinastateofimpuritytouchesit.Translationcomes
undertheheadingofTafsir(explanation/exegesisofthemeaningsoftheQur'an)anditisnot
theQur'an.ThereisnoharmifaKafirorMusliminastateofimpuritytouchesthebooksof
Tafsir,Hadith,Fiqh(jurisprudence)andArabicLanguage.MayAllahgrantussuccess!

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GreetingKafirswithSalam

(PartNo:5,PageNo:406)

Q:NowadaysandduetocoexistencewithWesternersandEasterners,wefindthatKafirs
(nonMuslims)giveSalam(Islamicgreetingofpeace)whenevertheymeetMuslims.What
shouldwedointhisregard?AquestionerfromRiyadhasksthisquestion.

A : ItwasauthenticallyreportedthattheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said: Donot
initiategreetingsofSalamwiththeJewsandtheChristians,andifyoumeettheminthestreetpushthemtowardsthenarrowestpart
ofit. (RelatedbyImamMusliminhisSahih(authentic)Book).

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: WhenthePeopleoftheBookgreetyouwithSalam,thensay:Waalaykum
(andalsouponyou). (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim).ThePeopleoftheBookaretheJewsand
theChristians.TherestoftheKafirshavethesamerulingoftheJewsandChristiansinthismatter,since
thereisnodifferenceinthisrespectbetweenthemasweknow.

MuslimsshouldnotstartgreetingKafirswithSalamatall.However,whenKafirsstartoffering
Salam,Muslimsshouldreplybysaying"Waalaykum",actinguponthecommandofthe
MessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim).Thereisnoharminsayingafterthat,"Howareyou
andyourchildren?"Thisisheldpermissiblebysomeofthescholars,includingShaykhAlIslam
IbnTaymiyyah(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim),particularlyiftheIslamicinterestnecessitatesso,
suchasmakingtheminterestedinIslamsoastoaccepttheDa`wah(callingtoIslam)and
listentoit.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Invite(mankind,OMuhammadpeacebeuponhim)tothe
WayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewiththemin
awaythatisbetter. A n d : AndarguenotwiththepeopleoftheScripture(JewsandChristians),unlessitbein(away)thatis
better(withgoodwordsandingoodmanner,invitingthemtoIslmicMonotheismwithHisVerses),exceptwithsuchofthemasdo
wrong...

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Impermissibilityofplantingtreesovergraves

(PartNo:5,PageNo:407)

Q:Afterburyingthedead,somepeoplereciteSurah(Qur'anicchapter)Yasinatthegraveand
putaplantsuchasaloeandplantthesurfaceofthegraveswithbarleyorwheat,onthe
pretextthattheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)putthoseonthegravesoftwoofhisfellows.
Whatistherulingonthisact?H.A.AlDammam

A : ItisnotprescribedtoreciteSurahYasinoranyotherSurahoftheEverGloriousQur'an
overthegraveduringorafterburial.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)didnotdothisnordid
theRightlyGuidedCaliphs.Likewise,itisnotpermissibletopronounceAdhan(calltoPrayer)
orIqamah(calltostartthePrayer)atthegraves,allthisisBid`ah(innovationinreligion).It
isauthenticallyreportedthattheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said: Hewhodoesany
actforwhichthereisnosanctionfromourbehalf,thatistoberejected. (RelatedbyImamMusliminhisSahih
(authentic)Book).

Similarly,itisnotpermissibletoplanttreesongraves,whetheraloeorbarleyorwheat.The
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)didnotdothisatthegravesnordidtheRightlyGuided
Caliphs(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem).However,he(peacebeuponhim)plantedpalm
branchesonthetwogravesaboutwhichAllahinformedthattheirownerswerebeing
tormentedthisactwasparticularfortheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andthetwograves,
forhedidnotdothisforanyoneelse.MuslimsshouldnotinnovategooddeedsthatAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)hasnotprescribed,basedupontheabovementionedHadith.Allah(Glorified
beHe)says: Orhavetheypartners(withAllhfalsegods)whohaveinstitutedforthemareligionwhichAllhhasnot
ordained? MayAllahgrantussuccess.

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DhikrisMashru`anytimeandeverywhere

(PartNo:5,PageNo:408)

Q:OneisrequiredtomakeDhikr(RemembranceofAllah)atanytimeorplace,exceptin
placesinwhichitisprohibitedtomakeDhikr,suchasthebathroom.Shouldonecompletely
quitDhikrinthebathroomevenwithhisheart?A.N.Riyadh

A : DhikroftheheartisMashru`(Islamicallyacceptable)atanytimeandineveryplace,inthe
bathroomorelsewhere.However,theMakruh(reprehensible)inthebathroomistomake
Dhikrwiththetongue,outofshowingduevenerationtoAllah(GlorifiedbeHe),exceptforthe
Tasmiyah(saying,"Bismillah[IntheNameofAllah]")whenperformingWudu'(ablution),
whichoneshouldpronounceifitisnotpossibleforhimtoperformWudu'outsidethe
bathroom.ItisWajib(obligatory)accordingtosomescholarsandastressedSunnahaccording
totheJumhur(dominantmajorityofscholars).

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AnAbrogatedAyah

Q:Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Thereisnocompulsioninreligion. IsthisAyahconfinedinapplication


totheJewsandChristiansorisitgeneralinmeaning?A.A.,AlHawtah

A : ThescholarsholdtwodifferentviewsonthisAyah.First:itanditslikeareabrogatedby
theAyahoftheswordinwhichAllahsays, ThenwhentheSacredMonths(the1st,7th,11th,and12thmonthsof
theIslmiccalendar)havepassed,thenkilltheMushrikn(SeeV.2:105)whereveryoufindthem,andcapturethemandbesiege
them,andlieinwaitforthemineachandeveryambush. andtheotherAyatwhichconveythesamemeaning
suchasAllah'ssaying, AndfightthemuntilthereisnomoreFitnah(disbeliefandpolytheism,i.e.worshippingothersbesides
Allh)andthereligion(worship)willallbeforAllhAlone[inthewholeoftheworld].

(PartNo:5,PageNo:409)

Second:ThisAyahaddressesPeopleoftheBookandthosewhoareequaltothemsuchasthe
Magi.IftheypayJizyah(polltaxrequiredfromnonMuslimslivinginanIslamicstate),they
shouldnotbeforcedtoacceptIslamasAllahsays, Fightagainstthosewho(1)believenotinAllh,(2)norin
theLastDay,(3)norforbidthatwhichhasbeenforbiddenbyAllhandHisMessengerMuhammad(4)()andthose
whoacknowledgenotthereligionoftruth(i.e.Islm)amongthepeopleoftheScripture(JewsandChristians),untiltheypaythe
Jizyahwithwillingsubmission,andfeelthemselvessubdued. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim) receivedtheJizyah
Therefore,thisAyahcannotstandasaproofforthosewhoclaimthatJihad
fromtheMagiofHajar.
(fighting/strivingintheCauseofAllah)isnotanobligation.

Moreover,theHadithofBuraydahIbnAlHaseebthatisrelatedinMuslim'sSahihstressesthis
meaning.Thehadithsaysthat WhentheProphet(peacebeuponhim)appointedanyoneastheleaderofanarmyor
detachment,hewouldexhorthimtofearAllahandtobegoodtotheMuslimswhowerewithhim.AttheendoftheProphet'sadvice,
he(peacebeuponhim)said:Ifthey(thedisbelievers)refusetoacceptIslam,demandfromthemtheJizyah.Iftheyagreetopay,
acceptitfromthemandholdoffyourhands.IftheyrefusetopaytheJizyah,seekAllah'shelp,andfightthem. Accordingto
themajorityofscholars,thisisappliedtothePeopleoftheBookandthosewhoareregarded
asequaltothemsuchastheMagi,accordingtothemajorityofscholarsasameansof
reconciliationbetweentheHadithandtheabovementionedAyahinSurahAlTawbahandthe
likeAyahs.

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TherulingoncommittingacrimewiththeintentionofreturningtoAllahinpenitence

(PartNo:5,PageNo:410)

Th.K.T.asks,"SatantemptedmetocommitthecrimeofZina(premaritalsexualintercourse
and/oradultery).IknowthatitisaheinouscrimeandIwanttoreturntoAllahinrepentance.
WillAllah(ExaltedbeHe)acceptmyrepentancebearinginmindthatIintendedtocommitit
andthenofferrepentance?Isthedoorstillopenformetorepent?

A : Penitenceisavailableforeveryonetillthesunrisesfromthewestandwhoeveroffers
sincererepentancetoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)fromShirk(ascribingpartnerswithAllahin
worship)orsinsotherthanit,Allahacceptshisrepentance.

Therequirementsofsincererepentanceisgivingupsins,regrettingpastsins,andhavingan
ultimateresolutiontoabandonitforeveroutoffearofAllah(glorybetoHim)andhopingfor
HisPardoningandForgiveness.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Oyouwhobelieve!TurntoAllhwithsincere
repentance! Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: AndallofyoubegAllhtoforgiveyouall,Obelievers,thatyoumaybe
successful Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Say:"OIbd(Myslaves)whohavetransgressedagainstthemselves(by
committingevildeedsandsins)!DespairnotoftheMercyofAllh:verily,Allhforgivesallsins.TrulyHeisOftForgiving,Most
Merciful. ScholarsagreedthatthisAyah(Qur'anicVerse)wasrevealedconcerningthosewhoare
penitent.

Inadditiontotheaboveconditions,afourthconditionisaddednamely,returningtherights
totheirownersofpeopleorseekingtheirpardon.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said,
Whoeverwrongshisbrother,lethimaskforhispardoninthisworldas(intheHereafter)therewillbeneither

(PartNo:5,PageNo:411)

DinarnorDirham.(OntheDayofJudgment),someofhis(thewrongdoer's)gooddeedswillbetaken(onthebehalfofthewronged
one)inproportiontohiswrongdoing.Ifhehasdonenogooddeeds,someofthesinsofhisbrotherwillbetakentobeloadedonhim.
RelatedbyAlBukhariinhisSahih(compilationofauthenticHadith).

AMuslimshouldbewareofShirkanditswaysandallkindsofbaddeedsforonemaybeafflictedwithoneofthemthenhemayfailto
offerrepentance.Accordingly,oneshouldavoideveryforbiddenmatterandshouldaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)toprotecthimfromsins.
Moreover,oneshouldnotbetemptedbySatanicinsinuationsandcommitevildeedswiththeintentionofrepentingfromthem.No
doubtthisisanillusionandtemptationoftheSatantomakeonecommitsinsunderthepretextoflaterreturningtoAllah(Exaltedbe
He)inrepentanceandgivingupthesin.Moreover,aservantofAllahmaybepunishedbykeepinghimfromrepentanceandhethen
regretsitdeeplywhenregretwillbeofnouse.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)said, andfearnonebutMe. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: AndAllhwarnsyouagainst


Himself(Hispunishment) Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Omankind!Verily,thePromiseofAllhistrue.Soletnotthispresentlife
deceiveyou,andletnotthechiefdeceiver(Satan)deceiveyouaboutAllh. Surely,Shaitn(Satan)isanenemytoyou,sotake
(treat)himasanenemy.HeonlyinviteshisHizb(followers)thattheymaybecomethedwellersoftheblazingFire. Therearemany
Ayahs(Qur'anicVerses)thatstressthismeaning.MayAllahprotectyoufromtheeviloftheselfandtheinsinuationsofSatan.

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Obedienceisonlyinwhatisgood

(PartNo:5,PageNo:412)

ThereaderA.S.fromRiyadhsentusthefollowingquestion:

Q:IhavebeenworkinginteachingthenobleQur'anforseveralyearsinaplacefarfromthe
citywheremyparentslive.Thisiswhytheywantmetoquitteachingandworkwithoneof
mybrotherswholiveinthesamecitywheretheylive.ButIamhesitantaboutthis.Iam
afraidtoquitteachinglestthestudentsshouldforgetwhattheyhavememorizedofthe
Qur'an.Please,advise.MayAllahrewardyouwell!

A : WeadviseyoutocontinueinteachingthenobleQur'an,fortheProphet(peacebeupon
him)said: Thebestamongstyou(Muslims)arethosewholearntheQuranandteachit RelatedbyImamAl
BukhariinhisSahih(AuthenticbookofHadith).Inadditiontothepublicbenefit,theMuslims
getfromthatwork.Youarenotobligedtoobeyyourparentsinquittingthis,fortheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said: Obedienceis(obligatoryonly)inwhatisgood However,youmayapologizeto
theminkindwordsandgoodmanner.AllahistheOneWhograntssuccess.

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ReasonforwhichtheQur'anmentionswealthbeforechildren

(PartNo:5,PageNo:413)

Q:WhenwealthandchildrenarementionedtogetherinbytheNobleQur'an,wealthisalways
mentionedfirst,althoughafather'schildrenaremorebelovedtohimthanhiswealth.Whatis
thewisdombehindthis?

A : TheFitnah(temptation)whichiscausedbywealthisgreater,foritallowspeopletofulfill
theirHaram(prohibited)lusts.Thoughaperson'schildrenmaytemptthemtodisobeyAllah
(ExaltedbeHe),theFitnahofwealthissevererandstronger.ThisisthereasonwhyAllah
(GlorifiedbeHe)mentionswealthbeforechildreninHisstatement: Anditisnotyourwealth,noryour
childrenthatbringyounearertoUs(i.e.pleaseAllh) Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Yourwealthandyourchildren
areonlyatrial Besides,He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)states: Oyouwhobelieve!Letnotyourpropertiesor
yourchildrendivertyoufromtheremembranceofAllh.Andwhosoeverdoesthat,thentheyarethelosers.

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FlagrantKufr

(PartNo:5,PageNo:414)

ThereaderKh.`A.sentusthefollowingquestion:Apieceofnewspublishedinalocal
newspaperstatesthat"Mansour,thethirteenyearsoldboysufferedfromthepangsofsorrow
andfate...""However,fatewasnotmercifulwithMansour..."Thereisalsoareportabouta
girlwhowaskilledbyacar.Hermothersawthedreadfulaccident,"whichdestroyedher
familyandturnedherlifeintoendlesspains."Whatistherulingonsuchsayings?MayAllah
rewardyoubest!

A : Incalamities,aMuslimshouldbepatientandconfidentlyanticipateAllah'sRecompense.A
personshouldsay,"Truly!ToAllahwebelongandtrulytoHimweshallreturn.""Allahhas
decreedandwhatHewills,Hedoes."Apersonshouldbepatientandshouldbewareof
hopelessnessanddisguisedsayings.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says, butgivegladtidingstoAsSbirn(the
patient). Who,whenafflictedwithcalamity,say:"Truly!ToAllhwebelongandtruly,toHimweshallreturn." Theyarethoseon
whomaretheSalawt(i.e.whoareblessedandwillbeforgiven)fromtheirLord,and(theyarethosewho)receiveHisMercy,andit
istheywhoaretheguidedones. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, "Cherishthatwhichbenefitsyou(inthe
Hereafter),seekhelpfromAllah,anddonotloseheart.Ifanythingafflictsyou,donotsay,'IfonlyIhaddonethat,itwouldhavebeen
thisorthat.'Rather,youshouldsay,'AllahdidthatwhichHeordained',becausesaying'if'opensthe(gate)forSatanswork."
(RelatedbyImamMuslimin

(PartNo:5,PageNo:415)

hisSahih(authentic)BookofHadith).ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)said, "Noservantisafflictedwithanadversityandsays,'ToAllahwebelonganduntoHimisourreturn.OAllah!
Recompensemeformyafflictionandreplaceitformewithsomethingbetter,'butAllahwillrecompensehimforhisafflictionand
replaceitwithsomethingbetterforhim." Itisnotpermittedtoshowdiscontentandutteranyfoul
statementssuchasthosementionedinthequestion.

ThesesayingsareregardednotonlyasgreatMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableor
disapprovedofbyShari`ahandMuslimsofsoundintellect)butalsoasflagrantKufrbecauseit
isanobjectiontoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andmockingatHisallencompassingKnowledge.
WhoeversayssuchthingsshouldtrulyrepenttoAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Itisauthentically
reportedthattheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said, "Anyonewho(duringacalamity)slapshis
cheeks,tearshisclothes,andfollowsthewaysoftheDaysofIgnoranceisnotoneofus." (AgreeduponbyAlBukhari
andMuslim)ThisHadithisnarratedontheauthorityofIbnMas`ud(mayAllahbepleasedwith
him).TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid, "Ihavenoconcernwiththatwomanwhowailsloudly,shaves
herhair,andtears(hergarmentingrief)." (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim)fromAbuMusaAlAsh`ary
(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim).MayAllahgrantussuccess!

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DifferencebetweentheWordsNasranyandMasihy

(PartNo:5,PageNo:416)

Q:Foralongperiodoftime,thewordMasihyhasbeencommonlyused.Isthiscorrectordo
wehavetousethewordNasranyinstead?Providemewithyourbeneficialanswer.MayAllah
rewardyou.

A : ThewordMasihyisanascriptiontoAlMasihibnMaryam(JesusChristsonofMary,peace
beuponhim).PeoplewhoallegethattheyfollowtheBibleusethewordMasihytoclaimthat
theyarefollowersofAlMasih(peacebeuponhim)whileheisfreefromthem.Theyarejust
liarsforAlMasih(peacebeuponhim)didnotstatethatheisthesonofAllah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe).Rather,AlMasih(peacebeuponhim)emphasizedthatheistheslaveofAllah
andHismessenger.Consequently,itismorepropertocallthemNasaraasAllah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)namedthem.He(ExaltedbeHe)says: TheJewssaidthattheChristiansfollownothing(i.e.are
notontherightreligion)andtheChristianssaidthattheJewsfollownothing(i.e.arenotontherightreligion)thoughtheyboth
recitetheScripture. "theArabicequivalentoftheword"Christians"is"Nasara"andthesingular
formis"Nasrany".

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SeeingtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)indreams

(PartNo:5,PageNo:417)

AreaderfromAlDammamasks:Onenight,IsawinadreamthatIwasinanewhouseand
thattheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)wastomyright.Irememberedthatthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)hashadallhispastandfuturesinsforgivenandthatAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)decreestherefore,IthoughthowcanIbesavedfromAllah'sdecreeifitis
againstmeandnotforme.IthusaskedtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)this
question,butIsuddenlyawaked.

Myquestionis:CanthepersonwhomIsawinmydreamreallybetheMessengerofAllah
(peacebeuponhim)?Moreover,howcanonebesafefromAllah'splansbeingagainst,butnot
forthem?Clarifythispointformeplease.MayAllahrewardyouwiththebest.

A : IfyousawtheMessengerofAllahinhisknownfigureasrelatedbytheSahihHadith,you
thenhaveinfactseenhim.ThisisbecausetheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated: Whoever
seesmeinadreaminfacthasseenme,forSatandoesnotappearinmyform. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhari
andMuslim).WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tomakeusandyouamongstthosewhotrulyfollow
theProphet.

AsforonetobeprotectedfromAllah'splansbeingagainstandnotforthem,onemustobey
Allah'scommands,abandonHisprohibitions,continuallyofferTawbah(repentancetoAllah),
increaserighteousdeedssuchasDhikr(RemembranceofAllah),Istighfar(seeking
forgivenessfromAllah),recitingtheNobleQur'an,andaskingAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)tokeep
themfirmonthetruthandpreservetheirheartonthetrueguidance.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)
says: InvokeMe,[i.e.believeinMyOneness(IslmicMonotheism)andaskMeforanything]Iwillrespondtoyour(invocation).
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: AndwhosoeverfearsAllhandkeepshisdutytoHim,Hewillmakeawayforhimto
getout(fromeverydifficulty). AndHewillprovidehimfrom(sources)henevercouldimagine.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:418)

He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsostates: andwhosoeverfearsAllhandkeepshisdutytoHim,Hewillexpiate
fromhimhissins,andwillenlargehisreward. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: "Truly!TheMuttaqn(thepiousSee
V.2:2)willbeamidstGardensandwatersprings(Paradise). Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: AndallofyoubegAllh
toforgiveyouall,Obelievers,thatyoumaybesuccessful TherearemanyAyahs(Qur'anicverses)tothesame
effect.Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,and
Blessingsbeuponyou!)

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Treatmentbyfolk'doctors'usingtheJinn(creaturescreatedfromfire)

(PartNo:5,PageNo:419)

Q:Thereisagroupofpeopleherewhotreatpeoplewithwhattheycall"folkmedicine".
WhenItalkedtooneofthem,heaskedmetowritemynameandmymother'sname,and
thentocomebacktomeethimonthenextday.WhenIwentback,hetoldmethatIsuffer
fromsuchandsuchanillnessandmymedicineissoandso.Onepersonsaidthatheusesthe
WordsofAllahtocure.Whatisyouropinionaboutsuchpeopleandwhatistherulingon
visitingthem?S.`A.GhHa'il.

A : ThepersonwhodoessoisevidentlyusingtheJinn(creaturescreatedfromfire)and
claimingtoknowtheUnseen.Thus,itisimpermissibleforMuslimstoseektreatmentfrom
him,togotoseehim,ortoaskhimaboutsomething.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said
concerningthistypeofpeople: Hewhovisitsadivinerandaskshimaboutanything,hisprayerswillnotbeacceptedfor
fortynights. NarratedbyMusliminhisSahih.

TherearealsomanyauthenticHadithrelatedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
prohibitinggoingtosoothsayers,fortunetellersandsorcerers,andprohibitingaskingand
believingthem.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Ifanyoneresortstoadivinerandbelievesinwhathe
says,hehasdisbelievedinwhatwasrevealedtoMuhammad(peacebeuponhim). ClaimingtoknowtheUnseenby
usingpebbles,seashells,drawinglinesontheearth,oraskingthepatientabouthisname,
thatofhismother,oranyofhisrelatives,alltheseprovethatheisoneofthefortunetellers
andwizardswhomtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)forbadetobeaskedorbelieved.

Oneshouldbewareofthem:neithertoaskthemnortoseektheirtreatmentevenifthey
claimedthatthey

(PartNo:5,PageNo:420)

usetheNobleQur'antotreatpeoplebecausethenormofthepeopleoffalsehoodisto
deceiveandtrickpeople.Thus,itisimpermissibletobelieveinwhattheysay.Itisobligatory
onthepersonwhoknowsanyofthemtoreporttheircasetothoseinauthoritylikejudges,
rulers,andauthoritiesofeachtowntojudgethemaccordingtotheLawofAllahandthen
Muslimsescapetheirevil,corruption,andtheirtakingpeople'swealthwithoutright.Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)istheOneWhoissoughtforhelp.Thereisnomightorpowerexceptwith
Him.

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Backbitingasacauseofgrudgeandenmity

(PartNo:5,PageNo:421)

Q:Somepeople,mayAllahguidethem,donotseethatbackbitingisanunacceptableor
unlawfulmatter.IgnoringtheHadithsoftheChosenProphetsomesaythatifsuchaperson
hassuchademerit,thenspeakingillofhimisnotunlawful.IhopeYourHonor,Sheikhwill
explainthis.MayAllahrewardyouwell!D.Sh.Ha'il.

A : AccordingtotheIjma`(consensusofscholars)ofMuslimscholars,backbitingisforbidden.
Itisamajorsinwhetherthedemeritactuallyexistsinsuchapersonornot.Thisisaccording
towhatisauthenticallyreportedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim): WhentheProphetwasasked
aboutbackbiting,hesaid:Backbitingimpliesyourtalkingaboutyourbrotherinamannerwhichhedoesnotlike.Itwassaidtohim:
WhatisyouropinionaboutthisthatifIactuallyfind(thatfailing),whichImentioninmybrother?Hesaid:If(thatfailing)isactually
found(inhim),youinfactbackbitedhim,andifthatisnotinhimitisaslander. Itisalsoauthenticallyreportedfrom
theProphet(peacebeuponhim): HesawduringIsra(NightJourney)peoplewhohadnailsofcopperandwere
scratchingtheirfacesandtheirchests.Heaskedaboutthesepeople,andtheanswerwas,"Theyarethosewhoweregivento
backbitingandwhoaspersedpeople'shonor."

Allah(mayHebePraised)says: Oyouwhobelieve!Avoidmuchsuspicionindeedsomesuspicionsaresins.Andspy
not,neitherbackbiteoneanother.Wouldoneofyouliketoeatthefleshofhisdeadbrother?Youwouldhateit(sohatebackbiting).
AndfearAllh.Verily,AllhistheOneWhoforgivesandacceptsrepentance,MostMerciful. Itisobligatoryforevery
Muslimmanandwomantobewareofbackbitingandtoadviseoneanothertogiveitupin
obediencetoAllah(mayHebePraised)andforHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)and
becausethisreflectsthekeennessofaMuslimtoconceal(thedefectsof)hisbrothersandnot
toexposetheirdefectsandthatbackbitingresultsinhatred,enmity,andseparationwithin
society.MayAllahgrantMuslimssuccesstogood!

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Shari`ahTreatmentforSinfulPersons

(PartNo:5,PageNo:422)

MayAllah'speace,mercy,andblessingsbewithyou.Iamayouthof21yearsofage.Ihave
committedsodomysinceIwas8yearsold,becausemyfatherwastoobusytobringmeup
well.Now,IregretthistotheextentthatIthinkofcommittingsuicide,Iseekrefugewith
Allah.Whatincreasesmypainsandsufferingisthatmyfamilywantsmetomarry.Ihopethat
YourEminenceguidemetotherightpathandthesovereignremedyformyproblem,sothatI
cangetridofthelifeofsufferingthatIlive.MayAllahrewardyou!S.M.H.

A:MayAllah'speace,mercy,andblessingsbewithyou.IaskAllahtograntyourecoveryfrom
whatyouhavejustmentionedwhichiscertainlyahideouscrime.Yet,theremedyforitis
easy,praisebetoAllah.Youmustrepentsoonandsincerelybyregrettingyourpastsins,
givingupthissin,andhavingtheultimateresolutionnevertodoitagain.Thisisinadditionto
befriendinggoodpeople,abandoningbadpeople,andhasteningtomarry.Havegladtidings
withgood,prosperity,andbestoutcomeifyouaresincereinyourrepentance.Allah(mayHe
bePraisedandGlorified)says: AndallofyoubegAllhtoforgiveyouall,Obelievers,thatyoumaybesuccessful He
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysinSurahAlTahrim: Oyouwhobelieve!TurntoAllhwithsincere
repentance!

(PartNo:5,PageNo:423)

TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: Penitencewipesoutallthe
previousmisdeeds. He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: Hewhorepentsfromhissinsisliketheonewhodidnot
commitasin.

MayAllahgrantyousuccess,relieveyourheartandreformyouracts,andendowyouwith
sincererepentanceandgoodfriendship.MayAllah'speace,mercy,andblessingsbewithyou!

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RulingonthinkingofHaramthingswithoutactuallydoingthem

(PartNo:5,PageNo:424)

Q:Whatistherulingonapersonthinkingofdoingharam(prohibited)actslikestealingor
committingadultery,whileheissurethathewillnotdothemevenifitisveryeasyforhimto
do?

A : Ifsomethingcrossesapersonsmind,suchasthoughtsofzina,stealing,consuming
intoxicants,andsoon,buthedoesnotdoanything,thenheisforgivenforthatandisfreeof
blame,becausetheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Allahhasforgivenmyummahtheevilthoughtsthat
occurtotheirminds,aslongassuchthoughtsarenotputintoactionoruttered. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhari
andMuslim).TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: "Whoever
intendstodoanevildeedanddoesnotdoit,itwillnotberecordedforhim.Inanotherversionhesaid:"Itwillberecordedagood
deedforhim,becausehedoesnotdoit(theevildeed)forMysake''. (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslimfrom
theHadeethofIbnAbbaas,mayAllaahbepleasedwithhim).

Thismeansthatifapersonrefrainsfromabaddeedthathewasthinkingofforthesakeof
Allah,Hewillrecordonehasanahforhim,andifherefrainsfromitforanyotherreason,then
nosayiah(baddeed)willberecordedagainsthim,butnohasanahwillberecordedforhim
either.ThisisthebountyofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)toHisslavestoHimbepraiseandthanks,
thereisnodeitybutHimandnolordbesideHim.

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Aretherehumblecrafts?Please,supportyouranswerwithevidence!

(PartNo:5,PageNo:425)

Q:Somepeoplethinkthattherearehumblecraftsandscoldthoseworkingincraftssuchas
cooking,hairdressing,shoemaking,cleaning,etc.Istherealegalfoundationinsupportofthis
belief?AresuchcraftsrejectedbythecustomsandnatureoftheArabs?Please,advise!May
Allahrewardyouwiththebest!

A : Thereisnoharminsuchcrafts.Theyarelikeotherpermissiblecraftsontheconditionthat
thecraftsmanshouldfearhisLordandgiveadvicetohiscustomers,nottocheatthem
accordingtothegeneralmeaningofthejuristicproofsinthisregard.Forexample, theProphet
(peacebeuponhim)wasaskedwhattypeofearningwasthebest.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)answered,"Theworkofa
man'sownhand,andeverylawfulsale." NarratedbyAlBazzarandAlHakimconsideredittobeSahih(a
Hadiththathasbeentransmittedbypeopleknownfortheiruprightnessandexactitudefree
fromeccentricityandblemish).TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)
alsosays: Nobodyhasevereatenabettermealthanthatwhichonehasearnedbyworkingwithone'sownhands.ProphetDavid
usedtoeatfromtheearningsofhismanuallabor. NarratedbyAlBukhariinhisSahih.Becausepeoplearein
needofthesecraftsaswellassimilarcrafts,thenstoppinganddisdainingthemcouldmostly
harmMuslimsandmaketheminneedoftheirenemieswhenthelatterdosuchcrafts.

Cleanersshoulddotheirbesttoensuresafetyoftheirbodiesandcleanlinessoftheirdresses
andbecarefultogetridoffilthiness.MayAllahgrantussuccess!

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TherulingonofferingsalahbehindamanwhoopposesAhlAlSunnahwalJama`ahsuchas
AlAsh'ariandthelike.

(PartNo:5,PageNo:426)

Q:IsitpermissibletoofferSalahbehindamanbelievinginadoctrinedifferentfromAhlAl
SunnahwalJama`ahsuchasAlAsh'ari(afollowerofAsha`irahi.e.aMuslimgroupthatbases
itscreedalissuesonlogic),forexample?

A : ThemorepreponderantopinionandAllahknowsbestisthatitispermissibletooffer
prayerbehindanyMuslimwhileitisimpermissibletodosobehindnonMuslims.Thisisthe
opinionofagroupofscholarsanditisthecorrectopinion.Asforapersonwhosaysthatitis
impermissibletoofferprayerbehindasinner,suchanopinionisnotthebestsincethe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)permittedofferingsalahbehindrulers.Yet,manyamongthem
arewrongdoers.IbnUmar,Anas,andagroupofMuslimscholarsofferedprayerbehindAlHajjajwho
wasoneoftheworstwrongdoers.

Inconclusion,Salahispossiblebehindamubtadi`(onewhointroducesinnovationsinreligion)
whoseBid`ah(innovationinreligion)doesnotrenderhimanonMuslim.Itispossibletobe
offeredbehindafasiq(someoneflagrantlyviolatingIslamiclaw)whocommitsmanifestsins
thatdonotrenderhimanonMuslim.Yet,whenofferingprayerincongregation,Ahlul
SunnahwalJama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimcommunity)shouldgive
prioritytothebestamongthem.

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Writing"AlBasmalah"i.e.IntheNameofAllah,theGracious,theMerciful,onwedding
invitationcardsispermissible

(PartNo:5,PageNo:427)

Q:Reader`A.H.B.fromAlDalmsays:IsitpermissibletowritetheBasmalahonwedding
invitationcards,giventhataftertheeventtheywillbethrowninthestreetsorintothe
garbage?

A : ItispermissibletowritetheBasmalahoninvitationsandotherletters,becauseofwhat
hasbeenrelatedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)thathesaid: Anyimportantissuethatisnot
startedbyBasmalah(inthenameofAllah)willbedeprivedofblessing. TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceand
Blessingsbeuponhim)also usedtobeginhislettersbymentioningthenameofAllah. Itisnotpermissiblefor
anyonewhoreceivesaletterinwhichAllahismentionedoranAyahoftheQuranisquotedto
throwitintothegarbageorputitinanyundesirableplace.Thesameappliestonewspapers
andothersimilarpapers:itisnotpermittedtomishandleorthrowtheminthegarbageorto
usethemtowrapfoodorotherthings,becausethenameofAllahismentionedinthem.The
sinisonthepersonwhodoesthis,notontheonewhowritesit.

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RepentanceisSufficient

(PartNo:5,PageNo:428)

Q:Iam29yearsold.IbeganperformingSalah(prayer)whenIwas24.Allpraiseisdueto
Allah,WhoguidedmetomakeupfortheSalahImissedsincetheageoffifteen.Somepeople
saidthatitisnotobligatoryonmetomakeupfortheSalahImissedandthatrepentanceis
enough.OtherssaidthatImustperformthem.Please,advise!

T.B.Algeria

A : ThepreponderantopinionisthatitisnotobligatoryonyoutomakeupfortheSalahyou
missed.Itisenoughforyoutodeclaresincererepentance,whichisfollowedbyregrettingthe
misdeed,performingSalahregularly,andhavingstrongdeterminationnottocommitthissin
again.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Saytothosewhohavedisbelieved,iftheycease(fromdisbelief),
theirpastwillbeforgiven. Allah(mayHebePraised)alsosays: AndallofyoubegAllhtoforgiveyouall,O
believers,thatyoumaybesuccessful Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!TurntoAllhwithsincere
repentance! TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: Islamand
repentanceobliterateone'spastsins He(peacebeuponhim)says: Hewhorepentsfromhissinsisliketheonewhodid
notcommitasin. TherearemanyAyahs(Qur'anicverses)

(PartNo:5,PageNo:429)

andHadithstothateffect.

WeimploreAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)tograntyouunderstandingofIslamand
steadfastnessonthetruth.Weadviseyoutoaccompanygoodfriendsandavoidwickedones.
MayAllahacceptyourrepentanceandendowyouanduswithagoodend!

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Isapersonwhoisdeafandmuteaccountable?

(PartNo:5,PageNo:420)

Q:Willaboy,whoisdeafandmute,beheldlegallyaccountablefororexcusedfromobserving
actsofworshipsuchasSalah(prayer)?

A : Whenadeafandmuteboyreachestheageofpuberty,hewillbeheldlegallyaccountable
forobservingseveraltypesofTaklif(meetingtheconditionstobeheldlegallyaccountablefor
actionssuchasSalahandothers),andheshouldbetaughtwhatheisrequiredtodoby
writingandsigns,duetothegenerallegalevidenceindicatingtheobligationofTakliffor
whoeverreachestheageofpubertywhilehavingsanity.

Pubertyisattainedbycompletingtheageoffifteen,dischargingofsemenoutofsexualdesire
inasexualdreamandthelike,orgrowingcoarsehairaroundthefrontalgenitalarea,andin
caseofwomen,menstruationperiodisalsoadded.Moreover,hisguardianshouldfulfillthe
Zakahandotherfinancialdutiesonhisbehalf,astheyshouldalsoteachhimwhateveris
unknowntohimbyallpossiblemeansuntilheunderstandsAllah'sObligationsand
Prohibitions.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: SokeepyourdutytoAllhandfearHimasmuchasyoucan Andthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)said: IfIcommandyoutodosomething,doasmuchofitasyoucan .

Thus,theMukallafwhodoesnothear,talk,orisinflictedwithdumbnessordeafnessshould
fearAllahasmuchastheycanthroughabidingbyobligationsandavoidingprohibitions.They
shouldalsohavegoodunderstandingofreligionaccordingtotheircapabilitybywatching,
writing,andusingsignstilltheyunderstandwhatisrequired.AllahistheOneWhogrants
success.

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NooneispermittedtoobjecttotherulingsprescribedbyAllahforHisServants

(PartNo:5,PageNo:431)

Q:AmanclaimsthatsomerulingsofShari`ahshouldbereexaminedandadjustedbecause
theydonotsuitthistime,suchastherulingoftheshareofaman'sinheritancewhichitis
twicetheshareofawoman.WhatistherulingofShari`ahregardingthis?S.F.Cairo.

TherulingsthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)prescribedforHisservantsandexplainedintheQur'an
orbythehonestMessenger(peacebeuponhim)includingrulingsofinheritance,fiveSalahs
(prayers),Zakah(obligatorycharity),Sawm(fasting)andthelikewhichAllahclarifiedforHis
worshippersandthescholarsofMuslimnationapproved,arenotliabletoobjectionorchange
onthepartofpeople.TheyareprescribedaccordingtoAllah'sperfectShari`ahforalltimes
fromthatoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)untiltheLastDay.Amongtherulingsof
Shari`aharegivingmalechildren,thechildrenoftheson,halfbrotherandfatheranextra
shareincomparisontotheirfemalecounterpartswhichwaselaboratedonbytheGlorious
BookandagreeduponbyallMuslimscholars.

Itisobligatorytoactaccordinglyoutoffirmbelief.Whoeverclaimsthatotherrulingsare
betterthantherulingsofAllah(ExaltedbeHe),isadisbeliever.Likewise,whoevertolerates
toactuponrulingsotherthanthatofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)isadisbeliever,forheobjectsto
Allah,HisMessenger,andtheconsensusofallMuslims.

Therulershouldcommandsuchapersontorepentfromthesedisbelievingclaims,ifhe/sheis
aMuslim.Hehastorepentorhemustbekilledasanapostate.TheProphet(peacebeupon
him)said, ''Ifsomebody(aMuslim)discardshisreligion(Islam),killhim."

WeinvokeAllahtoprotectusfromthemisleadingtroublesandfromcontradictingthenoble
Shari`ah.

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ForsakingHeadstrongSinners

(PartNo:5,PageNo:432)

Q:IobservethefiveobligatorydailyPrayersintheMasjidbutmyfriendwhoperformsSalah
(prayer)regularlylistenstosongs,hisclotheshangbelowtheankles,andhishousecontainsa
bigimageonthewall.WhenItoldhimthatthesethingsareHaram(prohibited),hesaidthat
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)forgivesallsinsexceptShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHis
Divinityorworship).WhatshouldIdowithhim,bearinginmindthatheknowsthatthese
thingsareprohibitedandhasreadmanybooksonthat?Whatisthereligiousrulingonthe
personwhoseesanevilactbutdoesnotadviseitsdoer?Please,advise.MayAllahrewardyou
thebest!

H.AlQunfidhah

A : AMuslimshouldnotsitwithsuchaman,becausehepersistsinsinsopenly.Itisnotvalid
thatheusesasevidencewhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Verily,Allhforgivesnotthatpartnersshouldbe
setupwithHim(inworship),butHeforgivesexceptthat(anythingelse)towhomHewills Thatisbecauseitisnot
permissiblefortheMuslimtocommitsinsdependingonthisAyah(Qur'anicverse).Perhaps,
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)willnotforgivehimorhewillbedeprivedofforgivenessandhisheartis
stampedaspunishmentforhispersistenceinsins,aggression,negligence,anddisobedienceto
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)whoorderedhimtogiveupsinsandperformhisduties.

AMuslimshouldadvisehisMuslimbrotherwhenheseeshimdoingevilorknowsthat

(PartNo:5,PageNo:433)

hedoesit.Allah(mayHebePraised)says: HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,righteousness
andpiety) Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,
supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslm
ordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslmhasforbidden)
TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Religionisbasedonadvisingoneanother.Uponthis,wesaid:Forwhom?
Hereplied:ForAllah,HisBook,HisMessenger,andforallMuslims,leadersandcommons. TheProphet(peacebeupon
him)said: "Whoever,amongyou,seessomethingabominableshouldrectifyitwithhishand.Ifhehasnotstrengthenoughtodo
it,thenheshoulddoitwithhistongue.Ifhehasnotstrengthenoughtodoit,(even)thenheshould(abhorit)fromhisheartandthat
istheleastofFaith." RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih(authentic)BookofHadith.Allahisthe
Cherisherofsuccess.

TheEnd

ofthefifthvolumeofFatawa

andarticlesofHisEminenceShaykh`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbn`AbdulRahmanIbnBaz

Following

isthesixthvolume

onTawhid(theOnenessofAllah)andtherelevantissues

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