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English Translations of

Majmooal-Fatawa
of late Scholar Ibn
Bazz (R)
Second Edition
By:
Sheikh `Abdul `Aziz Bin `Abdullah ibn
`AbdulRahman ibn Bazz (May Allah forgive and
reward al-Firdouse to him and his parents)

He was The Mufti of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,


Chairman of the Council of Senior Scholars,
and Chairman of Department of Scholarly Research and
Ifta'

This English Translations are collected from


http://www.alifta.com
Portal of the General Presidency of Scholarly Research
and Ifta'

This file is volume No.07 of 30


www.ircpk.com | www.ahlulhadeeth.net
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ReasonsforAllah'sVictoryofthebelieversovertheirenemies

AllpraisebetoAllah,LordoftheWorlds.Thegoodendshallbeforthepious.Peaceandblessingsbeupon
theServantandMessengerofAllah,thebestofHisCreationwhomHeentrustedwithHisWahy(Revelation),
ourProphetandMasterMuhammadibn`Abdullah,anduponhisfamily,Companionsandwhoeverfollows
hiswayandguidanceuntiltheDayofResurrection.

Toproceed,

IwouldliketothankAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)forgrantingmethisopportunitytomeetwithsome
Muslimbrothersintheholiestplaceintheworld,namelyMakkahAlMukarramah,torecommendoneanotherto
A lHaqq(theTruth),cooperateinrighteousnessandTaqwa(fearingAllahasHeshouldbefeared),and
pointoutthemeansofbeingvictoriousovertheenemiesofMuslims.IaskAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)toblessthismeeting,setrighttheaffairsofourheartsanddeeds,grantvictorytoHisReligionand
makeitsuperior,setrighttheaffairsofallMuslimrulers,grantthemcomprehensionofthereligionandhelp
themrulewithHisJudgmentsamongHisServants.IaskAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)tohelpthe
rulersofthiscountryworkforthegoodofthecommunity,surroundthemwithgoodretinue,makeAlHaqq
victoriousandfalsehooddefeatedbythemandmakethemoftheguidingandguidedpeople.Verily,Allahis
thebestOnesoughtforhelp.Also,Ithanktheofficialsofthisclub,

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forefrontofthemisHisEminenceDr.RashidibnRajih,headofUmAlQuraUniversityandchairmanoftheclub
forinvitingmetothismeeting.MayAllahgrantusallsuccessandsetrightouraffairs!VerilyAllahisAll
Hearing,EverNear!

DearMuslimbrothers,HisEminenceDr.RashidmayAllahprotecthimmentionedthatIamtheChairman
oftheCouncilofSeniorScholars.Iwouldliketocorrectthiserror,forthechairmanshipofthecouncil
rotatesamongfiveseniormembersandIamoneofthem,soIamnotthechairmanofthecouncilbutone
ofitschairmen.Asforthethemeofthelecture,"ReasonsforAllah'sVictoryofthebelieversovertheir
enemies,"

itshouldbeclearthatAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)providesmeansforvictoryanddefeat.The
believersshouldadoptandabidebythemeansofvictoryeverywhereintheMasjid(mosque),athome,on
theroad,andwhenfightingtheenemies.ThebelieversshouldadheretotheCommandsofAllah,advise
Allah'sServantsforAllah'sSakeandstayawayfromthesinsthatleadtodefeat.Itisasintoneglectthe
materialcausesofvictory,fortheyareindispensableasmuchasthereligiousones.Neglectinganyofthese
causesleadstodisappointment,asAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Oyouwhobelieve!Ifyouhelp(inthe
causeof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,andmakeyourfootholdfirm.

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ThisholyAyah(Qur'anicverse)addressesallthebelieversandpointsouttothemthatAllah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)willhelpthemwhentheyhelpHim.

HelpinginthecauseofAllahonthepartofthebelieversmeansfollowingHisShari`ah(Islamiclaw),
defendingHisReligionandundertakingHisObligations.Allahisnot,atall,inneedofHisServantsitisthey
whoneedAllah.Inthisregard,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Omankind!itisyouwhostandinneedof
Allh.ButAllhisRich(Freeofallneeds),Worthyofallpraise. IfHewilled,Hecoulddestroyyouandbringaboutanewcreation.
AndthatisnothardforAllh. Allcreaturesmankind,Jinn(creaturescreatedfromfire),kingsandlaymenare
inneedofAllahandallarepoorinrelationtoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),forHeistheEver
Affluent,EverPraiseworthy.ThushelpingAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)istosupportHisShari`ah,
Religion,whatHesentHisMessengerdownwithandwhatHerevealedinHisEverGloriousBook.When
MuslimssupportAllah'sreligionandallies,Allahwillsupportthemagainsttheirenemiesandgrantthemthe
goodoutcome.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Sobepatient.Surely,the(good)endisforAlMuttaqn(the
pious) and: ButifyouremainpatientandbecomeAlMuttaqn[thepiousSeeV.2:2],nottheleastharmwilltheircunningdoto
you.Surely,Allhsurroundsallthattheydo. PatienceandTaqwashouldbeexercisedbysupportingAllahandHis
Religionandbyrecommendingoneanothertodothisinsecretandpublic,inadversityandprosperity,
duringthestateofJihad(fighting/strivingintheCauseofAllah),andinallcases. www.ircpk.com
WarningagainsttakingnonbelieversasretinuesinHisSaying: Oyouwhobelieve!Takenotas(your)Bitnah
(advisors,consultants,protectors,helpers,friends)thoseoutsideyourreligion(pagans,Jews,Christians,andhypocrites)sincethey
willnotfailtodotheirbesttocorruptyou.Theydesiretoharmyouseverely.Hatredhasalreadyappearedfromtheirmouths,but
whattheirbreastsconcealisfarworse.IndeedWehavemadeplaintoyoutheAyt(proofs,evidence,verses)ifyouunderstand.

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Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)pointsoutattheendoftheAyahthatifthebelieversarepatientand
pious,theplottingoftheirenemieswillnotharmthematall. ButifyouremainpatientandbecomeAlMuttaqn[the
piousSeeV.2:2],nottheleastharmwilltheircunningdotoyou.Surely,Allhsurroundsallthattheydo. InanotherAyah,
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: butifyouperseverepatiently,andbecomeAlMuttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2)
thenverily,thatwillbeadeterminingfactorinallaffairs(andthatisfromthegreatmatterswhichyoumustholdonwithallyour
efforts). and: Verily,hewhofearsAllhwithobediencetoHim(byabstainingfromsinsandevildeeds,andbyperforming
righteousgooddeeds),andispatient,thensurely,AllhmakesnottherewardoftheMuhsinn(gooddoersseeV.2:112)tobelost."
and: andbepatient.Surely,AllhiswiththosewhoareAsSbirn(thepatient).

SupportingAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)istofollowandpreserveHisShari`ah,asAllahsays: Oyou
whobelieve!Ifyouhelp(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,andmakeyourfootholdfirm. Thisislikethesayingofthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)toIbn`Abbas: BewatchfulofAllah(CommandsofAllah),andHewilltakecareofyou.Be
watchfulofAllahandHewillprotectyou. AnyonewhoiswatchfulofAllahbyfollowingandpreservingHisReligion
willbegrantedAllah'sSupportandwillbeprotectedfromtheplottingoftheenemies.Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)says: and(asfor)thebelievers,itwasincumbentuponUstohelp(them). Thebelieversarethosewho
adheretotheReligionofAllah,obeyHisCommandsandkeepawayfromHisProhibitions.Allah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)says: Nodoubt!Verily,theAuliyofAllh[i.e.thosewhobelieveintheOnenessofAllhandfearAllh
much(abstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeedswhichhehasforbidden),andloveAllhmuch(performallkindsofgooddeeds
whichHehasordained)],nofearshallcomeuponthemnorshalltheygrieve. Thosewhobelieved(intheOnenessofAllhIslmic
Thebelievers
Monotheism),andusedtofearAllhmuch(byabstainingfromevildeedsandsinsandbydoingrighteousdeeds).
arethepiouspeopleandAlliesofAllahwhosupportHisReligionandwhomAllahsupports,protectsagainst
theplottingoftheenemies,

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andgrantsthegoodend.IntheEverGloriousQur'an,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Verily,Allh
willhelpthosewhohelpHis(Cause).Truly,AllhisAllStrong,AllMighty. Those(Muslimrulers)who,ifWegivethempowerinthe
land,(they)enjoinIqamatasSalt[i.e.toperformthefivecompulsorycongregationalSalt(prayers)(themalesinmosques)],to
paytheZaktandtheyenjoinAlM a rf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbidAlMunkar(i.e.
disbelief,polytheismandallthatIslmhasforbidden)[i.e.theymaketheQurnasthelawoftheircountryinallthespheresoflife].
AndwithAllhreststheendof(all)matters(ofcreatures). Thosearethesupportedpeoplewhoarepromisedthe
goodend.

ThenAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)pointsoutthecharacteristicsofthosewhosupportHimas: Those
(Muslimrulers)who,ifWegivethempowerintheland i.e.,givefullauthority (they)enjoinIqamatasSalt[i.e.toperform
thefivecompulsorycongregationalSalt(prayers)(themalesinmosques)],topaytheZakt i.e.,theykeeptoSalah(Prayer)
andZakah(obligatorycharity)asAllahcommands.TheyofferSalahasAllahcommandswithallitspillars
andobligations,giveZakahwillinglyasAllahordains,enjoinMa`ruf(thatwhichisjudgedasgood,
beneficial,orfittingbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)andforbidMunkar(thatwhichis
unacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect).Thisencompassesallthe
commandsandprohibitions,soMa`rufincludesSawm(Fast),Hajj,Jihad(fighting/strivingintheCauseof
Allah),dutifulnesstoparentsandallthatAllahandHisMessengercommanded.Ontheotherhand,Munkar
includesallthatAllahprohibits,suchasallkindsofShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityor
worship)andsins.ThetruebelieverskeeptoTawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah/monotheism),and
faithfullyshowdevotiontoAllahandHisMessengertheyalsokeepawayfromwhatAllahprohibitstogain
HisPleasureandavoidHisPunishment.Thosearethetruebelieversandpiouspeoplewhoarementionedin
Allah'sSayinginSurah(Qur'anicchapter)AlAnfal: andtheyarenotitsguardians?NonecanbeitsguardiansexceptAl
Muttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2),butmostofthemknownot.

Describingthecharacteristicsofthebelievers,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)usesvariousexpressions,
whichrefertoonethingmentionedbeforeby

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A l l a h : ButifyouremainpatientandbecomeAlMuttaqn[thepious] ThisincludesSalah,Zakah,enjoiningMa`ruf,
forbiddingMunkarinadditiontoalltheCommandsofAllahandHisMessenger.Ofcourse,thisismostlikely
toincludeTawhid,beliefinAllahandHisMessengerandactinguponalltheReportsofAllahandHis
MessengerwhichcomeunderAllah'sSaying: ButifyouremainpatientandbecomeAlMuttaqn[thepious] and: Those
(Muslimrulers)who,ifWegivethempowerintheland,(they)enjoinIqamatasSalt[i.e.toperformthefivecompulsory
congregationalSalt(prayers)(themalesinmosques)],topaytheZaktandtheyenjoinAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandall
thatIslmordersonetodo),andforbidAlMunkar(i.e.disbelief,polytheismandallthatIslmhasforbidden)[i.e.theymakethe
Q u rnasthelawoftheircountryinallthespheresoflife]. PatienceandTaqwaentailcarryingoutallthecommands
andgivingupallprohibitions.

Likewise,Allah'sSaying: Oyouwhobelieve!Ifyouhelp(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,andmakeyourfootholdfirm.
entailscarryingoutallthecommandsandgivingupalltheprohibitions.SupportingAllahistocarryoutHis
www.ircpk.com
CommandsandquitHisProhibitionsoutofbelief,sincerity,TawhidandbeliefinAllah(GlorifiedandExalted
beHe)andinHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),notoutofcourage,fanaticism,hypocrisyoranycause
otherthanfollowingShari`ah.SupportingAllah'sReligionentailsobedienceandshowingdevotiontoAllah,
glorifyingHim,hopingforHisRewardandactinguponHisShari`ahtoestablishHisReligion.Anyonewho
hasthesecharacteristicsisconsideredoneofthebelieversaboutwhomAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
says: Ifyouhelp(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,andmakeyourfootholdfirm. and: Verily,Wewillindeedmake
victoriousOurMessengersandthosewhobelieve(intheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)inthisworldslifeandontheDay
whenthewitnesseswillstandforth,(i.e.DayofResurrection) TheDaywhentheirexcuseswillbeofnoprofittoZlimn
(polytheists,wrongdoersanddisbelieversintheOnenessofAllh).Theirswillbethecurse,andtheirswillbetheevilabode(i.e.
painfultormentinHellfire). Here,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)pointsoutthatthebadendwhichentails
curse,HellfireandexpulsionfromAllah'sMercywillbeforthosepeoplewhodonotsupportAllahandHis
Religion.

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TheirexcuseswillbefutileandtheywillhavethecurseandillabodeontheDayofResurrection.

Ontheotherhand,thosewhosupportandadheretoAllah'sReligionwilldeservepleasure,honoranda
goodendtheywillenjoyvictoryinthisworldlylifeandwillwinintheHereafterbybeingadmittedtothe
Jannah(Paradise)andsavedfromHellfire.WeaskAllahtoacceptyouandusamongthem.

Themessengersandtheirbelievingfollowerswillbegrantedvictoryandpowerovertheirenemiesinthis
worldlylifeandwillgainvictoryintheHereafterbybeingadmittedtoJannahandsavedfromHellfireand
thehorrorsoftheDayofResurrection.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Allhhaspromisedthoseamong
youwhobelieveanddorighteousgooddeeds,thatHewillcertainlygrantthemsuccessionto(thepresentrulers)intheland,asHe
grantedittothosebeforethem,andthatHewillgrantthemtheauthoritytopractisetheirreligionwhichHehaschosenforthem(i.e.
Islm).AndHewillsurelygivetheminexchangeasafesecurityaftertheirfear(provided)they(believers)worshipMeanddonot
associateanything(inworship)withMe.Butwhoeverdisbelievesafterthis,theyaretheFsiqn(rebellious,disobedienttoAllh).
ThosearetheSupportersofAllahwhobelieve,dorighteousdeeds,performSalah,giveZakah,enjoin
Ma`ruf,forbidMunkar,defendandadheretotheReligionofAllah.TheAyahsandHadithsinterpretand
supporteachother.ThesupportersofAllaharethebelievers,pious,patient,faithfulandrighteouswho,if
theyaregivenpowerintheland,willperformSalah,giveZakah,enjoinMa`rufandforbidMunkar.Theyare
alsothosewhobelieveanddorighteousdeedsasinthepreviouslymentionedAyahinSurahAlNur.They
believeinAllahandHisMessengertheybelievethatAllahistheironlyLordwhohastheexclusiverightto
beworshipedandtoWhomAlonetheyshowdevotiontheybelieveinHisNamesandAttributes,andadhere
toHisReligioninwords,deeds,andbelief.Thosebelieversare

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thesupportersofAllahandHisReligionandarethepiouspeople,concerningwhomAllah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)says: ButifyouremainpatientandbecomeAlMuttaqn[thepiousSeeV.2:2],nottheleastharmwilltheir
cunningdotoyou. TheyarethebelieversmentionedinHisSaying: and(asfor)thebelievers,itwasincumbentuponUs
tohelp(them). and: Verily,AllhwillhelpthosewhohelpHis(Cause).Truly,AllhisAllStrong,AllMighty. Those(Muslim
rulers)who,ifWegivethempower and: Verily,WewillindeedmakevictoriousOurMessengersandthosewhobelieve(inthe
OnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)inthisworldslifeandontheDaywhenthewitnesseswillstandforth,(i.e.Dayof
Resurrection) Theyarepromisedsuccessiontobecometherulersintheearth,authoritytopracticetheir
religion,substitutionofsecurityafterfearandhonorafterhumiliation.

You,servantsofAllahshouldcomprehendthismeaningverywellandactuponitinordertobeoneofthe
supportersofAllahandtodeservethegoodendwhichAllahhaspromisedthebelievers.AllahpromisesHis
supportersvictory,agoodend,successiontotheauthorityonearth,substitutionofsecurityforfear,because
theyfrightenedHisenemiesforHisSake,adheredpatientlytoHisReligion,foughtandsacrificedthemselves
inHisCause,inhopeforHisMercyandfearofHisTorment.TheysoldandsurrenderedtheirlivesforAllah
actinguponHisSaying: Verily,Allhhaspurchasedofthebelieverstheirlivesandtheirpropertiesfor(theprice)thattheirs
shallbetheParadise. ThosearethesupportersofAllahwhofollowandadheresteadfastlytoHisReligion,in
wordsanddeeds,insecurityandfear,andinadversityandprosperity.TheyfightpatientlyintheCauseof
Allah,andsoAllahpromisesthemthegoodendasHe(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Asforthosewho
strivehardinUs(OurCause),WewillsurelyguidethemtoOurPaths(i.e.AllhsreligionIslmicMonotheism).Andverily,Allhis
withtheMuhsinn(gooddoers)." Allahpromisesthemguidanceandsupport.Whenthesemeanswereadoptedby
theProphet(peacebeuponhim)andHisCompanions(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem),

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duringtheBattleofBadr,theyweregrantedvictoryoverthedisbelieverswhoweregreaterintermsofpower
andnumberthanMuslims.Nevertheless,Muslimswerevictoriousoverthemwhentheyachievedthese
characteristicstheysupportedAllah'sReligioninwordsanddeeds,theypatientlyconfrontedtheirenemy,so
Allahgavethempower,defeatedtheirenemy,andgrantedthemagoodoutcome.Similarly,duringthe
BattleofAlAhzab(BattleoftheConfederates),theMuslimsweretrueandpatientandenduredgreatly,
thoughthedisbelieversoutnumberedtheminthebattle.

MuslimspatientlyenduredthesiegeuntilAllah,byHisCommand,grantedthemvictoryovertheirenemy.
Hesentdownforces(angels)whichtheydidnotseeandthedisbelieverswereshaken,drivenback
disappointedandgainednoadvantage,duetothefactthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andHis
Companions(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)patientlyandobedientlyenduredJihadagainsttheenemy.
Likewise,duringtheconquestofMakkah,AllahgrantedtheMuslimsvictoryovertheirenemythey www.ircpk.com
conqueredMakkah,defeatedShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)andthearmyof
Hawazin,asabountyandsupportfromAllahtoHisAllies.ThesametookplacewiththeCompanions(may
Allahbepleasedwiththem)duringtheirfightagainsttheRomans,Persians,andotherstheypersistently
performedJihad,sotheywontheyweregrantedvictoryandagoodendandbecameleadersoftheworld.
ThisistheWayofAllahwithHisservantsuntiltheDayofResurrection.ThosewhosupportAllah,Allahwill
supportthem.ThosewhodeviatefromtheReligionofAllah,Allahwilldisappointthem.DuringtheBattleof
Uhud,whendisordertookplace,Muslimswerehit,eventhoughtheywerethebestofAllah'sCreationon
earthaftertheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andotherprophets.TheyincludedAbuBakrAlSiddiq(mayAllah
bepleasedwithhim),thebestoftheUmmah(nationbasedononecreed)aftertheMessenger(peacebe
uponhim).Theyalsoincluded`Umar(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim),thebestoftheUmmah(nationbased
ononecreed)aftertheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)andafterAbuBakrAlSiddiq.Theyincludedalsotherest
oftheelect.

Muslimswerehitduetothedisorderbroughtaboutbythearcherswhoviolatedthecommandsofthe
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)andlefttheirpositionsfromwhichtheenemypenetratedtheirranks.

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TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)commandedthearcherstosticktotheirpositionsandnottoleavethem
eveniftheysawtheenemyconqueringtheMuslimsortheMuslimsconqueringtheenemy.Theyshouldnot
leavetheirplaceinanycase.

WhenthearcherssawthattheenemywasdefeatedduringtheBattleofUhud,theythoughtthebattlewas
overandsotheylefttheirpositions.Theircommandertriedtodissuadethembuttheyinsisted,thinkingthat
thedisbelieverswerecompletelydefeatedandwouldnotcomeback.However,theenemycircumventedand
inflictedheavycasualtiesonMuslimsandevenattemptedtokilltheProphet(peacebeuponhim),butAllah
savedhimandhewasinjured,hisfrontteethweredamaged.SeventyMuslimsweremartyredandmany
otherswereinjured.Inthisrespect,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndAllhdidindeedfulfilHisPromise
toyouwhenyouwerekillingthem(yourenemy)withHisPermission until(themoment)youlostyourcourage referringtothe
archers andfelltodisputingabouttheorder ,i.e.theyweredisheartenedandcontendedtogether anddisobeyed
,i.e.leftthepoststheProphet(peacebeuponhim)orderedthemtostickto. afterHeshowedyou(ofthebooty)
whichyoulove. ,i.e.thedefeatoftheenemytheeffectoftheirdisorderwasthatAllahgavetheenemypower
overthem. AmongyouaresomethatdesirethisworldandsomethatdesiretheHereafter.ThenHemadeyoufleefromthem
(yourenemy)

ThemeaningofthisholyAyahisthatMuslimswerehitduetothedisordertheybroughtaboutinthebattle.
ThepolicyofJihadrequiresprotectingthegapsthroughwhichtheenemycouldpenetrateinaction.

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Thearmyshouldtakecareofandbemindfulofdefendingsuchgapswhichtheenemycouldcrossandharm
Muslimsorcomefrombehindthem.WhenMuslimsdeprecatedthispainfulmatterwhichledtomany
casualtiesandwonderedwhathappenedandwhythishappenedwhiletheProphet(peacebeuponhim)and
thebestpeopleaftertheprophetswereamongthem,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)sentdown: (Whatis
thematterwithyou?)Whenasingledisastersmitesyou,althoughyousmote(yourenemies)withonetwiceasgreat meaning
thatonthedayoftheBattleofBadrMuslimskilledseventyofthedisbelievers,capturedanotherseventyand
inflictedheavycasualtiesontheirenemy. yousay:Fromwheredoesthiscometous? ,i.e.youdeprecatedwhat
happened.HereAllahreplies: Say(tothem),Itisfromyourselves(becauseofyourevildeeds). Thisindicatesthat
whensomeofthearmydisobeyorders,misfortunebefallsthewholearmy.Similarly,whenpeoplewatch
evilsprevailanddonotchangethem,punishmentbefallsallofthem.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
said: Ifactsofdisobediencearedoneamonganypeopleandtheydonotchangethem,Allahwillsoonpunishthemall. [Related
byImamAhmadthroughaSahih(authentic)Sanad(chainofnarrators)ontheauthorityofAbuBakrAlSiddiq
(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)]

WhatismeantisthatitisobligatoryupontheUmmahtofaithfullyenjoinMa`ruf,forbidMunkar,and
cooperateinvirtueandrighteousnesseverywhere,ineverycountry,villageandtribe.Theyhavetoadvise
eachothertofollowAlHaqqandremainpersistenttoit,cooperateinvirtueandrighteousness,enjoin
Ma`rufandforbidMunkarsothatnodisasterwillbefallthembecauseoftheirsinsanddeeds.Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: ByAlAsr(thetime). Verily,manisinloss, Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmic
Monotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommendoneanothertothetruth[i.e.orderoneanothertoperformallkindsof
gooddeeds(AlM a ruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeeds(AlMunkarwhichAllhhas
forbidden],andrecommendoneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,andinjurieswhichonemayencounterinAllhsCause
duringpreachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd). Sucharethewinnersandsupported.

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Thesefourcharacteristicsareindispensable:truefaith,gooddeeds,recommendingoneanothertoAlHaqq
andrecommendingoneanothertopatienceduringJihadandanyothergooddeed.

Youshouldhavethesefourcharacteristicseverywhere.ThosewhowanttogainthevictoryofAllah,integrity
ofreligionandagoodendshouldfearAllah,persistentlyobeyHim,andstayawayfromHisProhibitions.
ThisisthemeansofgainingAllah'svictoryandsalvationinthisworldlylifeandintheHereafter.Athome,at
theMasjid,ontheroad,inthecar,onanairplane,inatrain,inastore,inJihadandeverywhereelse,
MuslimsshouldfearAllahandsupportHisReligioninwordsanddeeds.Likewise,awomanathomeand www.ircpk.com
everywhereelseshouldfearAllahandsupportHisReligioninwordsanddeedsasmuchasshecan.Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: SokeepyourdutytoAllhandfearHimasmuchasyoucan and: Allhburdensnota
personbeyondhisscope. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: WhatIhaveforbiddentoyou,avoiditandwhatIhave
orderedyou[todo],doasmuchofitasyoucan.Itwasonlytheirexcessivequestioningandtheirdisagreeingwiththeirprophetsthat
destroyedthosewhowerebeforeyou. (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim)

Awomanshouldprovideadviceforherhusband,children,relatives,servants,neighbors,colleaguesand
friends,hopingforrewardfromAllahandtobenefitHisservants.Similarly,eachmanshouldfearAllah,
supportHisreligioninwordsanddeeds,enjoinMa`rufandforbidMunkarinhopeforAllah'sMercyandfear
ofHistorment.ConcerningHisrighteousservants,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysinSurahAl
Anbiya':

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Verily,theyusedtohastenontodogooddeeds,andtheyusedtocallonUswithhopeandfear,andusedtohumblethemselves
beforeUs. andinSurahAlMu'minun: VerilythosewholiveinaweforfearoftheirLord AndthosewhobelieveintheAyt
(proofs,evidence,verses,lessons,signs,revelations,etc.)oftheirLord Andthosewhojoinnotanyone(inworship)aspartners
withtheirLord Andthosewhogivethat(theircharity)whichtheygive(andalsodoothergooddeeds)withtheirheartsfulloffear
(whethertheiralmsandcharitieshavebeenacceptedornot),becausetheyaresuretoreturntotheirLord(forreckoning). Itis
thesewhohasteninthegooddeeds,andtheyareforemostinthem[e.g.offeringthecompulsorySalt(prayers)intheir(early)
stated,fixedtimesandsoon]. ThesearethemeansofwiningvictoryandsupportfromAllah.Thesearethemost
importantmeansofenteringtheJannahandbeingsavedfromHellfire.

Inadditiontowhatismentionedabove,Muslimsshouldbemindfulofthereligiousandmaterialmeansthat
leadtovictory.Inthisregard,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Whenyou(OMessengerMuhammadpeace
beuponhim)areamongthem,andleadtheminAsSalt(theprayer),letonepartyofthemstandup[inSalt(prayer)]withyou
takingtheirarmswiththemwhentheyfinishtheirprostrations,letthemtaketheirpositionsintherearandlettheotherpartycome
upwhichhavenotyetprayed,andletthempraywithyoutakingalltheprecautionsandbearingarms.Thosewhodisbelievewish,if
youwerenegligentofyourarmsandyourbaggage,toattackyouinasinglerush,butthereisnosinonyouifyouputawayyourarms
becauseoftheinconvenienceofrainorbecauseyouareill,buttakeeveryprecautionforyourselves. and: Andmakereadyagainst
themallyoucanofpower and: Oyouwhobelieve!Takeyourprecautions

ThisisobligatoryuponallMuslimstotaketheirprecautionswhenfightingtheirenemytheyshouldprepare
againstthemwhatevertheyareabletoofpowerandofequipmenttheplansshouldbestrategic,frontiers
shouldbeblockedandarmsshouldbetakenup,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:18)

eveninSalah.TheMujahid(onestriving/fightingintheCauseofAllah)shouldnotsay,"Iamabelieverand
thisisenough"rather,theyshouldadoptthespiritualandmaterialmeans.TheProphet(peacebeupon
him)isthebestofthebelieversandthosewhoputtheirtrustinAllah,andtheCompanionsarethebest
believersaftertheprophetsnevertheless,theywerestrickenontheDayoftheBattleofUhudwhenthe
archersviolatedordersnottoleavetheirpositions.

SinsleadtodisappointmentanddefeatjustasthedisobedienceofthearchersontheDayoftheBattleof
Uhudledtodefeat.Ingeneral,anysinthatprevailsandisnotcondemnedleadstodefeat,misfortune,and
victoryoftheenemies.Italsoleadstothehardnessoftheheart.MayAllahprotectusfromthis!Inthis
regard,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andwhateverofmisfortunebefallsyou,itisbecauseofwhatyourhands
haveearned.AndHepardonsmuch.(SeetheQurnVerse35:45). and: Hasnotthetimecomefortheheartsofthosewhobelieve
(intheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)tobeaffectedbyAllhsReminder(thisQurn),andthatwhichhasbeenrevealedof
thetruth,lesttheybecomeasthosewhoreceivedtheScripture[theTaurt(Torah)andtheInjeel(Gospel)]before(i.e.Jewsand
Christians),andthetermwasprolongedforthemandsotheirheartswerehardened?AndmanyofthemwereFsiqn(the
rebellious,thedisobedienttoAllh).

Sins,ifnotcondemnedandchanged,harmthepublic.ThebelieversareorderedtopersistentlyfearAllah,
fightagainsttheenemiesofAllahanddorighteousdeedsanytimeandanywhere,alongwithbelievingthat
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)willsupportthemandgrantthemvictoryovertheirenemyandreplace
theirfearwithsecurityandtheirunrestwithstabilityandrelief,whentheygiveprioritytoAllah'sRights,
supportHisReligion,cooperateinvirtueandrighteousnessandfaithfullyadviseHisservants.Onviolating
anyofthesematters,theyshouldforeseedanger.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:19)

Whenanymisfortunebefallsthem,theyshouldrecognizethatitisduetowhattheydid.Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)says: Andwhateverofmisfortunebefallsyou,itisbecauseofwhatyourhandshaveearned.AndHepardons
much.(SeetheQurnVerse35:45). and: Whateverofgoodreachesyou,isfromAllh,butwhateverofevilbefallsyou,isfrom
yourself. He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysinSurahAl`Imranaftermentioningtheplottingofthe
disbelievers: ButifyouremainpatientandbecomeAlMuttaqn[thepiousSeeV.2:2],nottheleastharmwilltheircunningdoto
you.Surely,Allhsurroundsallthattheydo. andinSurahAlNur: Allhhaspromisedthoseamongyouwhobelieveanddo
righteousgooddeeds,thatHewillcertainlygrantthemsuccessionto(thepresentrulers)intheland,asHegrantedittothosebefore
them,andthatHewillgrantthemtheauthoritytopractisetheirreligionwhichHehaschosenforthem(i.e.Islm).AndHewillsurely
givetheminexchangeasafesecurityaftertheirfear(provided)they(believers)worshipMeanddonotassociateanything(in
worship)withMe. andinSurahMuhammad: Oyouwhobelieve!Ifyouhelp(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,andmake
yourfootholdfirm.ThebitterenemyofmankindisSatanwhoisasoverwhelmingthehumansasblood
circulatinginthebody.MuslimsshouldstriveagainstSatanbyfearingAllah,quittingsins,bewaringof www.ircpk.com
Satan'splotsandinsinuationsandfrequentlyobservingIsti`adhah(seekingrefugewithAllahfromSatan),in
additiontodoingalotofrighteousdeedsandgivingupmisdeedsallthetime.Thisisthewaytobesafe
fromSatan'sevilsandplots,withtheHelpofAllah.

Besides,Muslimsshouldstriveagainstthemselves,frequentlykeeptoDhikr(RemembranceofAllah),remain
steadfastinsupportofAllah'sReligionandLimitsandbewareoftheplotsofenemiesanytimeand
everywhere.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndwhosoeverfearsAllhandkeepshisdutytoHim,Hewillmakeawayforhim
togetout(fromeverydifficulty). AndHewillprovidehimfrom(sources)henevercouldimagine.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:20)

and: andwhosoeverfearsAllhandkeepshisdutytoHim,Hewillmakehismattereasyforhim. and: Surely,Shaitn(Satan)is


anenemytoyou,sotake(treat)himasanenemy.HeonlyinviteshisHizb(followers)thattheymaybecomethedwellersofthe
blazingFire. ReportingwhatthewifeofAl`Azizhassaid,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: "AndIfree
notmyself(fromtheblame).Verily,the(human)selfisinclinedtoevil,exceptwhenmyLordbestowsHisMercy(uponwhomHe
wills).Verily,myLordisOftForgiving,MostMerciful." InSurahAlNazi`at,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says:
ButasforhimwhofearedstandingbeforehisLord,andrestrainedhimselffromimpureevildesiresandlusts. Verily,Paradisewill
behisabode. Thesearethemeansofvictory,beingsafefromtheplotsoftheenemyamongtheJinn
(creaturescreatedfromfire)andmankindandwinningvictoryoverthembyfearingAllahallthetime,
preservingHisReligion,bewaringofcommittingsinsinJihadandelsewhere.Thesearethecausesforwhich
AllahwillprotectyouandprotectHisReligionwithyouandgrantyouvictoryoveryourenemy.

WhenMuslimsneglectthesematters,theyare,infact,helpingtheirenemyovercomethem,meaningthat
thesinscommittedbythearmyhelptheenemywin,similartowhathappenedintheBattleofUhud.
Therefore,allthebelieverseverywhereshouldfearAllah,supportHisReligion,preserveHisShari`ahand
keepawayfromwhatmightbringaboutHisWrath,onthepartofthemselves,theirsubjectsandtheir
societyasmuchastheycould.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: SokeepyourdutytoAllhandfearHimas
muchasyoucan

(PartNo:7,PageNo:21)

WeaskAllahtoguideallMuslimsandustoHisPleasure,setrighttheaffairsofourheartsandourdeeds,
makeusoftheguidingandguidedpeople,helpusprotectourselvesfromtheevilofourenemies,helpus
rememberHim,thankHimandworshipHimproperly.WeaskAllahalsotoguideMuslimrulerstowhat
pleasesHim,givethempowerovertheirenemy,supportAlHaqqanderadicatefalsehoodthroughthem,
andunitethem.WeaskAllahtoreformallMuslimpeopleandleaders.WealsoaskAllahtoguidetherulers
ofthiscountrytothecommongoodofthesocietyanddoallthatpleasesHim,supportAlHaqqand
eradicatefalsehoodthroughthemandmakethemoftheguidingandguidedpeople.Verily,AllahisMost
Generous,MostKind.MaypeaceandblessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,Companions
andthosewhofollowhisguidanceuntiltheDayofResurrection!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:22)

ItisthedutyofIslamicgovernmentstoreturntotheQur'an

andtheSunnahoftheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)

PraisebetoAllahAlone,Whopromisedtherighteouspeopletoultimatelyprovesuccessful!
PeaceandblessingsbeuponAllah'sServant,Messenger,Khalil(belovedServant),andtheone
entrustedwithHisrevelationandthebestofHiscreaturesourProphetandImam(leader)
andMasterMuhammadibn`Abdullah,hisfamily,hisCompanions,andthosewhofollowhis
pathandareguidedbyhisteachingstilltheDayofJudgment.

IthankAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)forgrantingmethischancetomeetmyMuslim
brothersthemembersoftheConstitutionalCounciloftheLeagueandourhonorableguests,
neartheHouse(Ka`bah)todiscussMuslims'affairs,offeradvices,andinvitethemtoallthat
bringsabouttheirhappinessandprosperity.

Onthisoccasion,Iwouldliketowelcomemybrothers.IaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)toguideus
alltowhatbenefitstheUmmah.IaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tomakeusamongthosewhoare
rightlyguidedandareguidingothersandtosetrighttheaffairsofallMuslimseverywhere.
MayAllahgrantthemcomprehensionofthereligion,entrustthemtopiousrulers,andreform
theirleaders!Surely,He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)istheMostGenerous,theMostNoble.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:23)

TheafflictionsthatMuslimsareundergoingnowadaysindifferentregionsareknownto
everyone.Forexample,[theMuslimssuffer]inPalestine,BosniaandHerzegovina,Somalia,Philippines,and
elsewhere.Theyallsuffergreatevilinseveralregions.Theyareindireneedforsupport,help,
andassistanceagainsttheenemiesofAllah.WehaveheardthewordofCustodianoftheTwo
HolyMosqueswhichconveysasufficientmessagetosupportandcarefortheiraffairs.May
Allahrewardhimgreatlyforhisimportantandbeneficialword!

IdeclaremysupporttohiswordsinrespectoftheobligationofMuslims'solidarityand
cooperationindoinggoodandpiousdeeds.MayAllahgranthimsuccess!Theyshouldbe
unitedagainsttheenemies,adheretotheQur'anandtheSunnahoftheProphet(peacebe
uponhim),andinviteallIslamicgovernmentstoruleaccordingtotheShari`ahinalloftheir
affairs.Thisistheonlywaytoattainvictoryoverenemies,unity,andcooperationin
righteousnessandpiety.

TheearlyrighteouspredecessorsfollowedtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andthosewho
cameafterthemadheredtotheShari`ah,soAllah(ExaltedbeHe)grantedthemvictoryover
theirenemiesKhosrau(Kisra)andCaesar.Theyruledtheworldandledpeopletogoodnessunderthe
lawofShari`ah.ThisisthereasonwhyAllahgrantedthemvictory.

ThereisnowaytovictoryandunityofMuslimexceptthroughreturningtothewayofthe
Salaf.TheyusedtokeepsteadfastontherightcourseofAllah'sreligion,supportHisreligion,
andruleaccordingtoHisShari`ah.TheIslamicgovernmentsshouldpursuetheirpath.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:24)

ScholarsshouldadvisethemsincerelyforthesakeofAllahandHisservantstoruleaccording
totheShari'ahofAllahamongHisservants.TheyshouldobligeMuslimstoremainsteadfast
ontheReligionofAllahintheiractions,sayings,andbeliefs.Theyshouldbeallinagreement
uponbackingthetruthandguidanceandhelpingtheirMuslimbrotherswherevertheyare.
TheIslamiccountries,peopleincharge,andallMuslimsshouldsupporttheirfellowMuslim
brothersasmuchastheycanandwithallmeansinPalestine,BosniaandHerzegovina,Somalia,India,
Philippines,andeverywhere.Muslims,especiallytheIslamicgovernmentsandpresidents,should
cooperateinrighteousnessandpiety,exerttheireffortstoruleaccordingtotheShari`ah,and
helptheirbrothersinfaithuntiltheyobtainvictoryovertheirenemies,unite,andretaintheir
rights.TheMuslimsareonebodyandthebelieversarebrothers.Theyshouldsupporteach
otheragainsttheirenemies.Weshouldcooperateinrighteousnessandpietyinallofour
affairs.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidinanauthentic(Sahih)Hadith, "Abelievertoanother
believerislikeawallofbrickssupportingeachother." He(peaceandblessingsbeuponhim)alsosays, "The
similitudeofthebelieversintheirmutuallove,theirmutualmercy,andtheirmutualaffection,islikeasinglebody.Ifanypartofit
complainsofaninjury,theentirebodyrespondswithsleeplessnessandfever." TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceand
Blessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: "AMuslimisthebrotherofafellowMuslim.Heshouldneithercommitoppression
againsthimnorgivehimuptoanenemy." i.e.heshouldnotbetrayhimbutheshouldhelphimadhereto
theTruthandovercomehisenemywhooppresseshim.
www.ircpk.com
IadviseMuslimseverywhere,allIslamiccountries,andMuslimleaderstofearAllah,support
HisReligion,ruleaccordingtoHisShari`ah(Islamiclaw),andkeeptheirpeopleabidebyit.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:25)

Thisisthewaytohonor,dignity,unity,andvictoryoverenemies.IadvisethemtofearAllah
andsupporttheirfellowMuslimbrotherseverywherewithmoney,weapons,andMujahids
(personsfightingintheCauseofAllah)inPalestine,BosniaandHerzegovina,Somalia,Philippines,India,and
everywhere.Muslimsshouldsupportthemasmuchastheycan.SokeepyourdutytoAllahand
fearHimbysupportingandhelpingyourMuslimbrothersagainsttheirenemies.

MayAllahguideMuslimstothatwhichpleasesHim!IalsoaskHimtosetrighttheiraffairs
andfixtheirheartsanddeeds.IaskHimtograntvictorytoHisReligion,makeHisWord
superior,guidetherulersofMuslimstoadheretotheTruth,ruleaccordingtoHisShari`ah
(Law),andsincerelyinvitepeopletoit.IaskHimalsotosetrighttheaffairsofallMuslims
andgrantthemcomprehensionofHisReligion.MayAllahguideourrulersheadedby
custodianoftheTwoHolyMosques!WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)toguidethemalltothat
whichpleasesHim,supporttheTruththroughthem,guidetheirretinue,andhelpthemto
everygood.Surely,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)istheMostGenerous,theMostNoble.
PeaceandblessingsofAllahbeuponHisMessengerandslaveourProphetMuhammad,his
family,hiscompanions,andthosewhofollowhiminrighteousness.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:26)

ThereligionintheSightofAllahisIslam

AllPraiseisduetoAllahAlone!

Wereceivedthefollowingletter,whichreads:

YourEminence,Shaykh`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahibnBaz(mayAllahprotecthim),

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

Q:ThemodernagehaswitnessedtheriseofasectinEuropeandAmerica,whichhasalso
attractedsomeMuslimthinkers,writers,andliterates.The`Aqidah(creed)ofthisgroup
dictatesthatthewellknownreligions,suchasJudaism,Christianity,Hinduism,Buddhism,and
otherreligions,aretruereligionswhichareacceptedbyAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
andwhosesincerefollowerscanreachAlHaqq(theTruth),besavedfromtheFire,andbe
admittedintotheJannah(Paradise)withouthavingtoembraceIslam.

IhopeYourEminencewouldreplytotheseclaims.

A : PraiseisduetoAllah.MaypeaceandblessingsbeupontheMessengerofAllahanduponhisfamily,
Companions,andwhoeverfollowshisguidance!

ThesearefalseclaimsasprovenbyNas(IslamictextfromtheQuranortheSunnah)andIjma`(consensus
ofscholars).

IntheQur'an,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Truly,thereligionwithAllhisIslm. Allah(Glorifiedbe


He)alsosays: AndwhoeverseeksareligionotherthanIslm,itwillneverbeacceptedofhim,andintheHereafterhewillbeone
ofthelosers.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:27)

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysinSurahAlMa'idah: Thisday,Ihaveperfectedyourreligionforyou,
completedMyFavouruponyou,andhavechosenforyouIslmasyourreligion. ThereareseveralAyahs(Qur'anicverses)
stressingthesamemeaning.

IntheSunnah,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: ByHiminWhoseHandmysoulis,hewhoamongstthe
communityofJewsorChristianshearsaboutmeanddiesunbelievinginthatwithwhichIhavebeensentwillbeoftheinhabitantsof
theFire. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih(authentic)BookofHadith)

ItisalsoreportedintheTwoSahihBooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)ontheauthorityofJabiribn
`AbdullahAlAnsary(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thattheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeupon
him)said: Ihavebeengivenfivethingswhichwerenotgiventoanyoneelsebeforeme:Everyprophetusedtobesenttohis
nationonlybutIhavebeensenttoallmankind... ThesamemeaningisstressedintheQur'aninthefollowing
Ayahs: AndWehavenotsentyou(OMuhammad)exceptasagiverofgladtidingsandawarnertoallmankind
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: thisQurnhasbeenrevealedtomethatImaytherewithwarnyouand
whomsoeveritmayreach. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: This(Quran)isaMessageformankind(anda
clearproofagainstthem),inorderthattheymaybewarnedthereby

Also,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysinSurahAlA`rafaboutHisProphetMuhammad(peacebe
uponhim): Sothosewhobelieveinhim(Muhammad),honourhim,helphim,andfollowthelight(theQurn)
whichhasbeensentdownwithhim,itistheywhowillbesuccessful. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)thensays: Say(OMuhammad
):"Omankind!Verily,IamsenttoyouallastheMessengerofAllh toWhombelongsthedominionofthe
heavensandtheearth.LilhaillaHuwa(nonehastherighttobeworshippedbutHe).ItisHeWhogiveslifeandcausesdeath.So
believeinAllhandHisMessenger(Muhammad),theProphetwhocanneitherreadnorwrite(i.e.Muhammad
),whobelievesinAllhandHisWords[(thisQurn),theTaurt(Torah)andtheInjeel(Gospel)andalsoAllhs
Word:"Be!"andhewas,i.e.Is(Jesus)sonofMaryam(Mary),],andfollowhimsothatyoumaybeguided."

(PartNo:7,PageNo:28)

ScholarshaveagreedthattheMessageofProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)hasbeensentforall
Jinn(creaturescreatedfromfire)andmankindandthatwhoeverdoesnotbelieveinhimandfollowwhat
hasbeenrevealedtohimwillbeamongtheinhabitantsoftheFire,whethertheyareJews,Christians,
Hindus,Buddhists,atheists,oranyotherfollowersofsocalledcreeds.

Hence,allJinnandmankindareobligatedtobelieveinAllahandHisMessenger,toworshipAllahAlone,
andtofollowHisMessengerMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)untiltheirdeath.Bydoingso,theywillattain
happiness,safety,andsuccessintheworldandtheHereafterasalreadyshownintheabovequotedAyahs www.ircpk.com
andHadith.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Verily,WewillindeedmakevictoriousOurMessengersandthosewhobelieve(in
theOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)inthisworldslifeandontheDaywhenthewitnesseswillstandforth,(i.e.Dayof
Resurrection) TheDaywhentheirexcuseswillbeofnoprofittoZlimn(polytheists,wrongdoersanddisbelieversinthe
Allah(Glorifiedbe
OnenessofAllh).Theirswillbethecurse,andtheirswillbetheevilabode(i.e.painfultormentinHellfire).
He)alsosays: Verily,AllhwillhelpthosewhohelpHis(Cause).Truly,AllhisAllStrong,AllMighty. Those(Muslimrulers)
who,ifWegivethempowerintheland,(they)enjoinIqamatasSalt[i.e.toperformthefivecompulsorycongregationalSalt
(prayers)(themalesinmosques)],topaytheZaktandtheyenjoinAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersone
todo),andforbidAlMunkar(i.e.disbelief,polytheismandallthatIslmhasforbidden)[i.e.theymaketheQurnasthelawoftheir
countryinallthespheresoflife].AndwithAllhreststheendof(all)matters(ofcreatures). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)saysinSurahAlNur: Allhhaspromisedthoseamongyouwhobelieveanddorighteousgooddeeds,thatHewillcertainly
grantthemsuccessionto(thepresentrulers)intheland,asHegrantedittothosebeforethem,andthatHewillgrantthemthe
authoritytopractisetheirreligionwhichHehaschosenforthem(i.e.Islm).AndHewillsurelygivetheminexchangeasafesecurity
aftertheirfear(provided)they(believers)worshipMeanddonotassociateanything(inworship)withMe.Butwhoeverdisbelieves
afterthis,theyaretheFsiqn(rebellious,disobedienttoAllh). ThereareseveralAyahsconveyingthesamemeaning.

AllotherreligionsotherthanIslamincludeShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)
andKufr(disbelief)and,thus,opposetheteachingsofIslamwithwhichAllahsentthemessengers,revealed
inHisBooks,and

(PartNo:7,PageNo:29)

sentHisProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)thelastandbestofallprophets,toproclaim.Such
religionsalsodisbelieveinProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)anddonotfollowhim.Thesetwo
factorsareenoughtorendertheirfollowersasKafirs(disbelievers),whodeserveAllah'sWrathand
Punishment,aredeprivedofJannahandareentitledtoentertheFireexceptthosewhomtheMessenger's
Da`wah(calltoIslam)hasnotreached.SuchpeoplewillbelefttotheWillofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He).ThecorrectopinionisthattheywillbeputtotestontheDayofResurrectioniftheyrespondpositively,
theywillbeadmittedintotheJannahandiftheydisobey,theywillbethrownintotheFire.The
knowledgeableIbnAlQayyim(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)simplifiedthisissueanditsevidenceattheend
o f h i s b o o k ' ' T a r i q A lHijratayn''(ThePathoftheTwoMigrations)underthetitle''TabaqatAl
Mukallafin''(ClassesofLegallyCompetentMuslims).Whoeverwantstorefertoitwillfinditveryuseful.May
Allahgrantussuccess!MaypeaceandblessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,and
Companions!

`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahibnBaz

President

oftheDepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,Ifta',Daw`ah,andGuidance

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:30)

TheFirstPillarofIslam:DefinitionandPrerequisites

Firstquestion:KindlyexplaintousthemeaningofthefirstpillarofIslamandwhatit
necessitates?Howcanonecarryitout?Whatistherulingonthosewhoareignorantofit?

Answer:IntheNameofAllah,theMostGracious,theMostMerciful.AllpraiseisduetoAllah.Maypeace
andblessingsbeupontheMessengerofAllah,Muhammad,hisfamily,Companionsandthosewhofollow
hisguidance.

AllahsentMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)toallcreationsArabsandnonArabs,Jinn(creaturescreated
fromfire)andhumans,malesandfemalesinordertocallthemtoTawhid(beliefintheOnenessof
Allah/monotheism)andtobelievehim(peacebeuponhim)inwhathepreachedandtobelieveinall
messengers,angels,divinebooks,LastDay,resurrection,finalrising,rewardandpunishment,reckoning,
Jannah(Paradise),Hellfireandpredestinationwhethergoodorbad.OneshouldbelievethatAllah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)predestines,knowsandwritesallthings.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)firstordered
peopletotestifythatnonehastherighttobeworshippedbutAllahandthatMuhammad(peacebeupon
him)istheMessengerofAllah.ThisisthefirstpillarofIslamtheShahadah(TestimonyofFaith).

(PartNo:7,PageNo:31)

WhenheorderedpeopletotestifythatthereisnogodbutAllahandthatheistheMessengerofAllah,many
abstainedanddeniedhisDa`wah(callingtoIslam).QurayshsaidtohimasAllahreportsintheEverGlorious
Qur'an: "Hashemadethelihah(gods)(all)intoOneIlh(GodAllh).Verily,thisisacuriousthing!"

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)saysaboutthem: Truly,whenitwassaidtothem:Lilhaillallh"(nonehastherighttobe
worshippedbutAllh),"theypuffedthemselvesupwithpride(i.e.deniedit). And(they)said:"Arewegoingtoabandonourlihah
TheydeniedtheDa`wahfortheyusedtoworshipidolsandsculpturesalong
(gods)forthesakeofamadpoet?"
withAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).Therefore,theydidnotaccepttheProphet'scalltoTawhidand
devotiontoAllah.Thisisthecallofallmessengers,asAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andverily,We
havesentamongeveryUmmah(community,nation)aMessenger(proclaiming):WorshipAllh(Alone),andavoid(orkeepaway
from)Tght(allfalsedeitiesi.e.donotworshipTghtbesidesAllh). Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: AndWedidnot
sendanyMessengerbeforeyou(OMuhammad)butWerevealedtohim(saying):LilhaillaAna[nonehasthe
righttobeworshippedbutI(Allh)],soworshipMe(Aloneandnoneelse)."

ItisreportedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)ontheauthorityof
Ibn`Umar(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Islamisbasedonfive
pillars:testimonythatthereisnoGodbutAllahandthatMuhammadistheMessengerofAllahperformingSalah(prayer),giving
Zakah(obligatorycharity)fastingRamadanandperformingHajj. Itisalsoauthenticallyreportedontheauthorityof
`UmaribnAlKhattab(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thatoneday,amancametotheProphet(peacebeupon
him)inpurewhiteclothesandextraordinarilyblackhair.Therewerenosignsoftravelonhim.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:32)

Nooneofthemrecognizedhim.Hesaid:"OMuhammad,informmeaboutIslam". TheMessengerofAllah
(peacebeuponhim)said:Islamistotestifythatthereisnonehastherighttoworshipped(intruth)butAllahandthatMuhammadis
theMessengerofAllah,toperformSalah,payZakah,observethefastofRamadan,andperformHajjifyoucanaffordthejourney.
Theinquirersaid:Youhavetoldthetruth.`UmaribnAlKhattabsaid:Wewereamazedthathewouldaskandthenhewouldhimself
verifythetruth.Theinquirerthensaid:InformmeaboutIman(Faith/belief).TheProphetreplied:Imanistoaffirmyourbeliefin
Allah,Hisangels,HisBooks,HisMessengers,theDayofJudgment,andtheDivineDecreeaboutgoodandevil.Theinquirersaid:You
havetoldthetruth.Theinquireragainsaid:InformmeaboutAlIhsani.e.perfectionofdeeds.TheProphetsaid:Thatyouworship
AllahasifyouseeHim,forthoughyoudonotseeHim,verily,Heseesyou. ...

Then,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)toldthemthattheinquirerwasGabrielandhecameinorderto
instructtheminthemattersofreligion.Whentheydidnotinquireabouttheirreligion,Gabrielcame,under
theCommandofAllah,toaskaboutthisgreatreligion,inordertoletpeoplelearnandbenefit.Islamisbuilt
uponthefollowingfiveoutwardpillars:

First:TotestifythatthereisnoGodbutAllahandthatMuhammadistheMessengerofAllah.

Second:ToofferSalah.

Third:TopayZakah.

Fourth:TofastRamadan.

Fifth:ToperformHajjtotheSacredHouseofAllahtothosewhocanaffordit.Islamisalsobuiltoninward
pillarsrelatedtoheart:beliefinAllah,Hisangels,HisBooks,HisMessengers,theDayofJudgment,andthe
DivineDecreeaboutgoodandevil.TheMukallaf(personmeetingtheconditionstobeheldlegally www.ircpk.com
accountablefortheiractions)shouldbelieveinthesesixinnerheartfundamentals.Heshouldbelievethat
AllahishisLord,GodandtheTruth(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).HeshouldbelieveinAllah'sAngelsand
BookswhichHesentdowntotheprophets:Tawrah(Torah),Injil(Gospel),Zabur(Psalms)andtheQur'an.
HeshouldalsobelieveinthemessengerswhomAllahsenttoHisServants,thefirstofthemisNuh(Noah
peacebeuponhim)andthelastofthemisMuhammad(peacebeuponhim).Theyaremanyandsomeof
themarementionedintheEverGloriousQur'an.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:33)

HeshouldalsobelieveintheLastDay,resurrection,reckoning,reward,andothermattersoftheHereafter
wherethebelieverswillgethappinessandJannahandthedisbelieverswillgetdisappointment,regretand
Hellfire.Heshouldbelieveinpredestination,whethergoodorevilandthatAllahpredestines,knowsand
writesallthingsandthatwhatHewillshappensandwhatHedoesnotwilldoesnothappen.Allthat
happensinthislifewhethergoodorbad,obedienceordisobedienceispredestinedandknowntoAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).TheessenceofthemessagesofallmessengersistobelievethatAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)isthetrueGodWhoisaloneworthyofworship.Thisisthemeaningof
testifyingthatnonehastherighttobeworshippedbutAllah.Thisistheessencethatallmessengers(peace
beuponthem)preachedi.e.AllahistheTrueGod,WhoAloneisworthyofbeingworshipped.

Allidols,trees,stones,prophets,Awliya'(piouspeople)orangelsthatpeopleworshiparefalsefortrue
`Ibadah(worship)isduetoAllahAlone(GlorifiedbeHe).Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: AndyourIlh(God)isOne
Ilh(GodAllh),LilhaillaHuwa(thereisnonewhohastherighttobeworshippedbutHe),theMostGracious,theMostMerciful.
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: AndyourLordhasdecreedthatyouworshipnonebutHim. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)
alsosays: You(Alone)weworship,andYou(Alone)weaskforhelp(foreachandeverything). Allah(ExaltedbeHe)also
says: Andtheywerecommandednot,butthattheyshouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfrom
ascribingpartnerstoHim) Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays:

(PartNo:7,PageNo:34)

ThatisbecauseAllhHeistheTruth(theonlyTrueGodofallthatexists,WhohasnopartnersorrivalswithHim),andwhatthey
(thepolytheists)invokebesidesHim,itisBtil(falsehood).

Inadditiontothisessence,thereisthebeliefinallmessengers(peacebeuponthem)sinceAdam.Atthe
timeofAdam,hisoffspringweretofollowtheknowledgeanddeedsthatAllahrevealedandordainedto
him,theessenceofwhichisTawhidandbeliefinAllahsincerelyandinHisMessengerandprophetAdam
(peacebeuponhim).AtthetimeofNuh,hispeopleweretobelievehimandfollowwhathepreachedalong
withTawhidanddevoting`IbadahtoAllah.

Nuh(peacebeuponhim)wasthefirstmessengersenttothepeopleoftheEarthaftertheycommittedShirk
(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship).Beforehiscoming,peoplewereobservingTawhid
whichAllahinstructedAdamandwhichAdamtaughttohisoffspring.ThePeopleofHud(peacebeuponhim)had
tobelievehimandfollowhispreachingalongwithTawhid.Similarly,atthetimeofSalih,hisPeoplehadto
believehimandfollowhispreachingalongwithTawhid.Thus,atthetimeofeachmessenger,peoplewere
calledtoTawhidandtobelievethatnonehastherighttobeworshippedbutAllah,aswellasbelievingthe
messengerandwhathepreacheduntilthetimeof`Eisa(jesus,peacebeuponhim),thelastprophetsentto
thechildrenofIsrael.Then,AllahsentthelastandthebestProphet,ourProphetMuhammad(peacebeupon
him).`EisaislastoftheprophetsofthechildrenofIsraelandMuhammadisthelastofallprophetsand
messengers,asnoprophetormessengershallevercomeafterhim.Heisthebestofmessengersandtheir
seal.TheUmmah(nationbasedononecreed)ofMuhammad(peacebeuponhim),includingJinnand
mankind,ArabsandnonArabs,malesandfemales,therichandthepoor,rulersandsubjects,shouldall
believeinhimandalltheprophetsandmessengersthatprecededhim.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:35)

HewhodoesnotbelieveinhimhasnoshareeitherinIslamorreligion.ItisamusttobelievethatAllah
AloneisthetrueGodwhoisworthyofbeingworshippedandtobelieveinMuhammadandthatheisthe
trueMessengerofAllahtoallpeople.HewhodoesnotbelieveintheShahadahisnotMuslim.Oneshould
believeinitanditsmeaningnonehastherighttobeworshippedbutAllah,soitisnotpermissibleto
worshipanyonebesidesAllah,notaking,prophet,tree,stone,Jinn,idol,etc.Ifsomeonesays,"O
MessengerofAllah,helpme,"afterhisdeath(peacebeuponhim)or"OShaykhAlBadawy,helpmeorcure
thediseased,"or"OmymasterAlHusayn,"or"Omymaster`AbdulQadir,"orhelp!help!Alltheseformsareacts
ofShirkthatnullifytherequirementsoftestifyingthatnonehastherighttobeworshippedbutAllah,forhe
whodoessodoesnotworshipAllahAlone,butworshipspartnerswithHim.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)says: AndthemosquesareforAllh(Alone):soinvokenotanyonealongwithAllh. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)also
says: "AndinvokenotbesidesAllh,anysuchthatwillneitherprofityounorharmyou,butif(incase)youdidso,youshallcertainly
beoneoftheZlimn(polytheistsandwrongdoers)." Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Andtheywerecommandednot,but
thattheyshouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim) Allah(Glorifiedbe
He)alsosays: AndyourLordhasdecreedthatyouworshipnonebutHim. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: You(Alone)
weworship,andYou(Alone)weaskforhelp(foreachandeverything).

TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: "Du`a'(supplication)isitselfthe`Ibadah."
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: InvokeMe,[i.e.believeinMyOneness(IslmicMonotheism)andaskMefor
anything]Iwillrespondtoyour(invocation). Oneshoulddevote`Ibadah,
www.ircpk.com
(PartNo:7,PageNo:36)

includingDu`a'toAllahAlone.Ifsomeonesaystoadeceased,tree,oridol,"helpmeorcurethediseased,"
thisisconsideredamajorShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)whichcontradicts
thesayingthatnonehastherighttobeworshippedbutAllah.Likewise,hewhodeniestheMessenger
Muhammad(peacebeuponhim)oranyothermessengerandprophet(peacebeuponthem),doubtshis
messageorclaimsthathewassenttotheArabs,notthenonArabsorthatheisnotthelastprophet,falls
intoKufr(disbelief)anddeviationandviolatesIslam.WeaskAllahtograntussafety!

Thus,wecometoknowthat A lQadayaniyyahcommitKufr,fortheybelievethatAlMirzaGhulamAhmadisa
prophetwhocamemanycenturiesafterProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim).Itisamusttobelieve
thatMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)istheMessengerofAllahtobothJinnandmankindandthatheisthe
sealofallprophetsandmessengersandnomessengerorprophetshallevercomeafterhim.Whoever
claimsprophethoodafterProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)suchasMusaylimahAlKadhabisaKafir
(disbeliever)andliar.SoareAlAswadAl`AnsyinYemen,SajahAlTamimiyyahandAlMukhtaribnAbu`UbaydAlThaqafy
andotherswhoclaimedprophethoodafterProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim).TheSahabah
(CompanionsoftheProphet,mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)agreedunanimouslythatwhoeverclaims
prophethoodisKafirandsotheyfoughtthem,fordenyingtheSayingofAllah(GlorifiedbeHe): Muhammad(
)isnotthefatherofanyofyourmen,butheistheMessengerofAllhandthelast(end)oftheProphets.And
AllhisEverAllAwareofeverything. TherearesomeMutawatirHadiths(Hadithsreportedbyasignificantnumber
ofnarratorsthroughoutthechainofnarration,whoseagreementuponalieisimpossible)totheeffectthat
theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Iamthesealofprophetsandthereisnoprophetafterme (mayAllah'sPeace
andBlessingsbeuponhim).

TheShahadahthatnonehastherighttobeworshippedbutAllahandthatMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)
istheMessengerofAllahistheessentialandfirstpillarofIslam.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:37)

ApersonisnotdeemedaMuslimuntilheappliestheShahadahthroughutterances,actionsandbeliefs.Ifa
personoffersSalahandSawm(fast),paysZakah,performsHajjandmakesDhikr(RemembranceofAllah)a
lot,butdoesnotbelievethatAllahAloneisworthyofworship,heisconsideredKafirlikethehypocrites.
Similarly,hewhodoesnotmindworshippingidols,AlBadawy,AlHusayn,Shaykh`AbdulQadir,`AlyibnAbuTalib
orothersoftheprophets,Awliya'(piouspeople),angelsorJinnbedsideworshippingAllahorthinksitis
permissibletoseektheirhelpandmakevowsforthemisconsideredaMushrik(onewhoassociatesothers
withAllahinHisDivinityorworship),forhisspeechandbeliefcontradicttestifyingthatnonehastherightto
beworshippedbutAllah.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: ButiftheyhadjoinedinworshipotherswithAllh,allthatthey
usedtodowouldhavebeenofnobenefittothem. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andindeedithasbeen
revealedtoyou(OMuhammad),asitwastothose(AllhsMessengers)beforeyou:"Ifyoujoinothersinworship
withAllh,(then)surely(all)yourdeedswillbeinvain,andyouwillcertainlybeamongthelosers." Likewise,ifaperson
calimsthatMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)isnotthesealoftheprophetsorisnotsenttobothmankind
andJinn,orwassenttotheArabsonly,heisKafiraccordingtoNas(IslamictextfromtheQuranorthe
Sunnah)andIjma`(consensusofscholars).AMukallafshouldbelievethatMuhammadistheMessengerof
AllahtobothmankindandJinnandthatheisthesealofprophetsasnoprophetormessengershallever
comeafterhim.ThisisthecoreofIman.ThenaMuslimisorderedtoperformSalah,Sawm,Zakahand
Hajj,inadditiontoabidingbycommandsandquittingprohibitions.BesidesbelievingthatMuhammadisthe
MessengerofAllah,oneshouldbelieveinallearlierprophets(peacebeuponthem)andthattheyconveyed
themessage.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:38)

Moreover,oneshouldbelieveinthereportsthatAllahandHisMessengermadeaboutthepastandwhatwill
takeplaceontheDayofJudgment.

www.ircpk.com

Q2:SecondQuestion:Doescommittingsomesins,particularlythemajorsinsadverselyaffect
thefirstpillarofIslam?

A:

CommittingmajorsinssuchasZina(premaritalsexualintercourseand/oradultery),drinking
Khamr(intoxicant),killingapersonwithoutalegalexcuse,eatingupRiba(usury),Ghibah
(backbiting),Namimah(talebearing),etc.,badlyaffectsthetestimonyofTawhid(beliefin
theOnenessofAllah/monotheism)andmakeshisIman(Faith/belief)weak,butdoesnot
renderoneaKafir(disbeliever/nonMuslim),contrarytotheKhawarij(separatistgroupthatbelieves
committingamajorsinamountstodisbelief).TheKhawarijholdthatheisaKafirandsaythathewillabide
foreverinHellfire,ifhedieswithoutrepenting.Ifonesteals,disobeyshisparents,oreatsup
Riba,heisconsideredKafiraccordingtotheKhawarijevenifhedoesnotdeemthisactlawful.
ThisisafatalmistakeonthepartoftheKhawarij.AccordingtoAhlulSunnahwalJama`ah
(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody),suchapersonisnotaKafir,butis
disobedientandweakinImanforthisdoesnotinvolvemajorKufr(disbelief).Rather,his
Imanisdiminishedandweakened.Therefore,AllahprescribedaHad(ordainedpunishment
forviolatingAllahsLaw)forapersonwhocommitsZinaheistobelashedahundredtimes
andexiledforayearifheisunmarried.IfZinaislikeRiddah(apostasy),thenheshouldbe
killedandsinceheshouldnotbekilled,thisindicatesthatthisisnotRiddah.Thethiefisnot
tobekilledbuthishandshouldbecutoff.ThisindicatesthatsuchsinsdonotentailRiddahor
Kufr,theyjustmeanweaknessandadecreaseinIman.Therefore,AllahprescribedHudud(pl.
ofHad)todisciplinesuchsinnersinordertorepenttoAllahandquitthesinstheyusedtodo.

Mu`tazilah(adeviantIslamicsectclaimingthatthosewhocommitmajorsinsareinastate
betweenbeliefanddisbelief)holdtheviewthatheisinastatebetweenbeliefanddisbelief
butwillabideforeverinHellfire,ifhediesonsuchasinwithoutrepenting.Thus,they
disagreewithAhlulSunnah

(PartNo:7,PageNo:39)

concerningthestatementthatthesinnerswillabideforeverinHellfireandagreewithKhawarij
inthisrespect.TheKhawarijsaidthatheisKafirandwillabideforeverinHellfirewhile
Mu`tazilahsaidthathewillabideforeverinHellfire,butisnotcalledKafir.However,both
groupshavegoneastray.

ThecorrectviewisthatofAhlulSunnahwalJama`ahthatheisnotKafirbutisdisobedient,
weakinImanandingreatdanger,asitisexpectedthathemayfallintoKufr.Nevertheless,
heisnotKafirsolongashedoesnotdeemthissinlawfulrather,hecommitsitwhile
knowingthatitisdisobediencebuttemptedbySatanandpersonaldesires.Suchistheviewof
thepeoplewhofollowthetruth.Whenhediesinthisstate,hewillbelefttotheWillofAllah
ifHesowills,Hemayforgivehim,andifHesowills,Hemaypunishhimaccordingtohissins.
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Verily,AllhforgivesnotthatpartnersshouldbesetupwithHim(in
worship),butHeforgivesexceptthat(anythingelse)towhomHewills Afterthesinnerspendstheperiodwhich
AllahordainshimtopassinHellfire,AllahbringshimouttoJannah(Paradise).Thisisthe
viewofthepeoplewhofollowthetruth,whichwasreportedfromtheMessenger(peacebe
uponhim),contrarytotheKhawarijandMu`tazilahasexplainedpreviously.

WithregardtoapersonwhodiesinthestateofmajorShirk(associatingotherswithAllahin
HisDivinityorworship),Allahwillneverforgivehimatallandhewillbeforbiddenaccessto
JannahweseekAllah'sRefugefromthis.HewillabideeternallyinHellfire,accordingtothe
Ayahs(Qur'anicverses)mentionedaboveandothersthatindicatethattheKafirswillabidein
Hellfireforever,mayAllahsaveusfromtheirstatus!

Asforthedisobedient,ifheentersHellfire,hewillnotabidethereinforeverhewillstay
thereasAllahwillsandmaystayalongtimebutthisisatemporaryabiding,differentfrom
thatoftheKafirs.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says:

(PartNo:7,PageNo:40)

Andthosewhoinvokenotanyotherilh(god)alongwithAllh,norkillsuchpersonasAllhhasforbidden,exceptforjustcause,
norcommitillegalsexualintercourseandwhoeverdoesthisshallreceivethepunishment. Thetormentwillbedoubledtohimon
ThisabidinginHellfireis
theDayofResurrection,andhewillabidethereinindisgrace Exceptthosewhorepent
temporarywithregardtothekillerandfornicator,ifAllahdoesnotforgivethemandtheydo
notrepent.MayAllahgrantussafety!

AsfortheMushrik(onewhoassociatesotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship),hewill
abideinHellfireforeverandpermanently.WithregardtoMushriks,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)
says: ThusAllhwillshowthemtheirdeedsasregretsforthem.AndtheywillnevergetoutoftheFire. Allah(Glorifiedbe
www.ircpk.com
He)alsosays: TheywilllongtogetoutoftheFire,butneverwilltheygetouttherefromandtheirswillbealastingtorment.
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Neitherwillithaveacompletekillingeffectonthemsothattheydie,norshallits
tormentbelightenedforthem.ThusdoWerequiteeverydisbeliever! WeseekrefugewithAllahfromthisstate.

www.ircpk.com

Thethirdquestion:Isitsufficientforapersontoutterandbelieveinthispillarasapillarof
Islam?OrisitnecessarytohaveotherthingstohaveperfectIslamandIman(belief)?
Answer:Byfulfillingthispillar,anonMuslimprofessesIslamwhenhesincerelyandfaithfully
testifiesthatnoonehastherighttobeworshippedbutAllahandthatMuhammadisthe
MessengerofAllah.Heshouldbeawareofitsmeaningandactaccordingtoit.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:41)

Then,heisaskedtoofferSalah,keeptootherpillars,andabidebytheordinancesofIslam.
Therefore,whentheProphet(peacebeuponhim)sentMu`adhtoYemen,hesaidtohim: Invitethem
totestifythatnonehastherighttobeworshippedbutAllah,andthatIamtheMessengerofAllah.Iftheyobeyyouindoingso,tell
themthatAllahhasenjoineduponthemfiveprayersduringthedayandnight.Iftheyobeyyouindoingso,tellthemthatAllahhas
madeZakahobligatoryuponthemwhichshouldbetakenfromtherichanddistributedtothepoor.Iftheyobeyyouindoingso,avoid
takingthebestoftheirproperty.Bewareofthecurseofanoppressedperson,becausethereisnoscreenbetweenhisinvocationand
Allah.

So,hedidnotcommandthemtoperformSalahexceptaftertheirbeliefintheOnenessof
AllahandintheMessenger(peacebeuponhim).First,thenonMuslimsareaskedtobelieve
inAllahandintheMessenger(peacebeuponhim).WhenanonMuslimadmitsthisand
embracesIslam,heshallhavethesamerulingsofMuslims.Thus,heshallbeaskedtoperform
Salahandotheractsofworship.Whenherefuses,otherrulingsareexecuted.Whenhe
refusestoperformSalah,hewillbeaskedtorepent.Otherwise,heshouldbekilledaccording
tothemostcorrectopinionamongthescholars.WhenherefusestopayZakahandfights
Muslimsduetoit,heshouldbefoughtastheCompanionsoftheProphetfoughtthe
withholdersofZakahunderthebannerofAbuBakr(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim).They
judgedthemasapostates.Incasehedoesnotfightforit,theImam(ruler)shouldforcehim
tohanditoverandapplyadiscretionarypunishmentonhimtodeterhim.Thus,aMuslimis
requiredtofastRamadan,visitAlBayt(theHouse:anothernamefortheKa`bah),andabide
byallordinanceswhichAllahenjoinsonhim.HeisalsoaskedtoavoidwhatAllahforbids,
becauseembracingIslamentails.WhoeverviolatessomethingofwhatAllahhasprescribedor
commitssomethingthatAllahhasforbidden,heshallhavehisduejudgmentaccordingtothe
Shari`ah.IfanonMuslimjustuttersthetwotestimoniesoffaithwhileheisadisbelieveras
donebymostdisbelieversthesedays,theyareaskedtoleaveallactionsofdisbelief.Itisnot
enoughtoutterthetwotestimoniesoffaith,becausehemaykeepsayingitduringhis
disbeliefbuthedoesnotactaccordingly.Incasehecommitsdisbeliefthroughworshipping
thedead,Jinn(creaturescreatedfromfire),idols,orothercreatures

(PartNo:7,PageNo:42)

andseekinghelpfromthem,hemustrepentanddevotehisworshiptoAllahalone.Bydoing
so,heembracesIslam.IfhedisbelievesbyabandoningSalah,itisobligatoryonhimtorepent
andperformit.Ifhedoesso,heembracesIslam.

Likewise,ifhedisbelievesbybelievingthatcommittingadulteryordrinkingwineislawful,it
isobligatoryonhimtorepent.Ifhedoes,hebecomesaMuslim.

Thus,anonMuslimisaskedtoquitallactionsorbeliefsthatturnhimadisbeliever.Ifhedoes
so,heisaMuslim.

Theseareoutstandingmattersandknowledgeseekersmustobserveandbeawareofthese
matterswhichscholarsexplaininthechapterof"therulingonapostates".Itisagreat
chapterthatapersonwhoseeksknowledgemustobserveandreadalot.

MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:43)

CreedalQuestionsandAnswers

Firstquestion:

SomeMuslimcommunitieshavewitnessedmanyvariousviolationsagainstShari`ah(Islamic
law).Amongthemareshowingactsofworshipatthegraves,andswearingandmakingvows
andoathsforpeopleotherthanAllah.TheseviolationsrangefromcommittingShirk
(associatingothersinworshipwithAllah)thatgetsapersonoutofIslamtocommittingminor
sins.WehopethatyourEminencewillexplainandtelltherulingsonthesemattersandadvise
theordinaryMuslimsnottocommittheseviolationslightly.

A : PraisebetoAllah.MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeupontheMessengerofAllah,his
family,companions,andthosewhofollowhisguidance.

ManypeopleconfuselawfulactswithactsinvolvingShirkandinnovationsconcerningthe
practicesperformedatthegraves.ManyofthemalsocommitmajorShirkduetotheir
ignoranceandblindadoption.Peopleofknowledgeeverywhereareobligedtoexplainthe
religiousmattersandthetruthofTawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah/monotheism)and
Shirk.TheyhavetoshowthemeansleadingtoShirkandtypesofBida`hagainstwhichpeople
shouldbewarned.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says:

(PartNo:7,PageNo:44)

(Andremember)whenAllhtookacovenantfromthosewhoweregiventheScripture(JewsandChristians)tomakeit(thenewsof
thecomingofProphetMuhammadandthereligiousknowledge)knownandcleartomankind,andnottohideit
(Surah'Al`Imran,3:187)

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Verily,thosewhoconcealtheclearproofs,evidenceandtheguidance,whichWehave
sentdown,afterWehavemadeitclearforthepeopleintheBook,theyaretheonescursedbyAllhandcursedbythecursers.
Exceptthosewhorepentanddorighteousdeeds,andopenlydeclare(thetruthwhichtheyconcealed).These,Iwillaccepttheir
repentance.AndIamtheOneWhoacceptsrepentance,theMostMerciful. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said:
Onewhoguidestosomethinggoodhasarewardsimilartothatofitsdoer. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih)

He(peacebeuponhim)said: Ifanyonecallsotherstofollowrightguidance,hisrewardwillbeequivalenttothosewho
followhim(inrighteousness)withouttheirrewardbeingdiminishedinanyrespect,andifanyoneinvitesotherstofollowerror,thesin
willbeequivalenttothatofthepeoplewhofollowhim(insinfulness)withouttheirsinsbeingdiminishedinanyrespect. (Related
alsobyMuslim).

ItisreportedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)onthe
authorityofMu`awiyah(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
said, IfAllahwantstodogoodtoaperson,Hemakeshimcomprehendthereligion. TherearesomanyAyahs
(Qur'anicverses)andHadithsthatcallandencouragepeopletospreadknowledgeandwarn
againstconcealingknowledgeandavoidinglearning.

ThekindsofactsofShirkandBid`ahcommittedatthegravesinmanycountriesdeservetobe
takenseriously.Peopleshouldbewarnedagainsttheseacts.Amongthesekindsareinvoking
andseekinghelpoftheoccupantsofthegravesandaskingthemtohealthesickandgrant
victoryovertheenemies,etc.TheseactsentailmajorShirkthatwascommittedbythepeople
ofJahiliyyah(preIslamictimeofignorance).Allah(mayHebePraised)says: Omankind!Worship
yourLord(Allh),WhocreatedyouandthosewhowerebeforeyousothatyoumaybecomeAlMuttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2).
Allah

(PartNo:7,PageNo:45)

(mayHebePraised)alsosays, AndI(Allh)creatednotthejinnandmankindexceptthattheyshouldworshipMe
(Alone). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndyourLordhasdecreedthatyouworshipnonebutHim.
i.e.orderedandrecommended.He(mayHebePraised)says, Andtheywerecommandednot,butthatthey
shouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim) (SurahAlBaiyinnah,
98:5)

TherearemanyAyahs(verses)inthisregard.TheworshipforwhichmankindandJinnwere
createdandorderedtoshowmeanstoestablishAllah'sOnenessandsolelydedicatedifferent
formsofworshipssuchasSalah(Prayer),Sawm(fasting)andZakah(obligatorycharity),Hajj
(pilgrimage),slaughtering,makingvows,andotherkindsofworshippingtoHim.He(mayHe
bePraised)says: Say(OMuhammad):"Verily,mySalt(prayer),mysacrifice,myliving,andmydying
areforAllh,theLordoftheAlamn(mankind,jinnandallthatexists). "Hehasnopartner.AndofthisIhavebeencommanded,
www.ircpk.com
Thephrase"mysacrifice"referstoaformofworshipnamely,
andIamthefirstoftheMuslims."
slaughteringasacrificialanimalforthesakeofAllah.Allah(mayHebePraised)says: Verily,We
havegrantedyou(OMuhammad)AlKauthar(ariverinParadise). ThereforeturninprayertoyourLordand
TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Allahhascursedtheonewhoslaughters(asacrifice)
sacrifice(toHimonly).
RelatedbyMusliminhisSahihontheauthorityofAmirAlMuminin(Commander
tootherthanAllah.
oftheBelievers)`AlyibnAbuTalib(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim).Allah(mayHebePraised)
says: AndthemosquesareforAllh(Alone):soinvokenotanyonealongwithAllh. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)alsosays: Andwhoeverinvokes(orworships),besidesAllh,anyotherilh(god),ofwhomhehasnoproofthenhis
reckoningisonlywithhisLord.Surely!AlKfirn(thedisbelieversinAllhandintheOnenessofAllh,polytheists,pagans,idolaters)
willnotbesuccessful. He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysinSurahFatir, SuchisAllh,yourLordHisisthe
kingdom.Andthose,whomyouinvokeorcalluponinsteadofHim,ownnotevenaQitmr(thethinmembraneoverthedatestone).
Ifyouinvoke(orcallupon)them,theyhearnotyourcallandif(incase)theyweretohear,theycouldnotgrantit(yourrequest)to
you.AndontheDayofResurrection,theywilldisownyourworshippingthem.Andnonecaninformyou(OMuhammad
)likeHimWhoistheAllKnower(ofeverything).

(PartNo:7,PageNo:46)

AllahhaspointedoutintheseAyatthatofferingSalahorslaughteringforthesakeofanyone
otherthanHimandinvokingthedead,idols,trees,orstonesareformsofShirkanddisbelief.

Allthosepeopleincludingprophets,angels,piouspeople,Jinn,idols,etc.,whoareinvokedby
peoplehavenoabilitytobenefitorharm.ThisactofinvokingisconsideredtobeShirkand
disbelief.Moreover,thesepeoplecannothearthisinvoking,andeveniftheycanhear,they
cannotrespond.

EveryMukallaf(personmeetingtheconditionstobeheldlegallyaccountablefortheir
actions),beJinnorhuman,isobligedtobecarefulandwarnothersagainstthisactwhich
opposeswhatthemessengers(peacebeuponthem)broughtregardingthecalltoTawhidand
sincerityin`Ibadah.Allah(mayHebePraised)says: Andverily,WehavesentamongeveryUmmah
(community,nation)aMessenger(proclaiming):WorshipAllh(Alone),andavoid(orkeepawayfrom)Tght(allfalsedeitiesi.e.
donotworshipTghtbesidesAllh). Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: AndWedidnotsendanyMessengerbefore
you(OMuhammad)butWerevealedtohim(saying):LilhaillaAna[nonehastherighttobeworshippedbutI
(Allh)],soworshipMe(Aloneandnoneelse)." TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stayedinMakkahAl
Mukarramahforthirteenyears.Duringthisperiod,hecalledpeopletoAllah,warnedthemagainst
Shirkandexplainedtheimplicationsof"LailahaillaAllah(thereisnodeitybutAllah)".It's
onlyatinyminorityofpeoplewhorespondedactivelywhilemanypeoplewerearrogant
towardobeyingandfollowinghim.HethenmigratedtoMadinahwherehiscalltoAllahspread
amongtheEmigrantsandAnsar(Helpers,inhabitantsofMadinahwhosupportedtheProphet).He(peacebeuponhim)
stroveforAllah'scause,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:47)

sentmanyemissariestokingsandrulerstodemonstratehiscallandguidancetothem.He
andhisSahabah(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)werepatientandenduredpatientlyuntil
IslamprevailedandpeopleenteredintothereligionofAllahinmultitudes.Tawhidspreadand
ShirkcametoanendinMakkah,MadinahandotherpartsofArabiabythehelpoftheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)andhisSahabahafterhisdeath.TheycalledtoAllahandstroveforHis
causeintheeastandwestuntilAllahgrantedthemvictoryoverHisenemyandprovidedthem
withthemeansofempowermentonearthandmadeIslamsuperioroverallreligionsasHe
(mayHebePraised)promisedinHissaying: ItisHeWhohassentHisMessenger(Muhammad
)withguidanceandthereligionoftruth(Islm),tomakeitsuperioroverallreligionseventhoughtheMushrikn(polytheists,
pagans,idolaters,disbelieversintheOnenessofAllh)hate(it).

OfferingSalahatthegraves,recitingQur'anthereandbuildingMasjidsanddomesoverthem
areformsofdisapprovedBid`ahsandmajorShirk.Itisauthenticallyreportedfromthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)thathesaid, MayAllahcursetheJewsandtheChristiansfortheyhavetakenthe
gravesoftheirProphetsasplacesofworship. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslimonthe
authorityof`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher))

ItisreportedinSahihofMuslimontheauthorityofJundubibn`Abdullah(mayAllahbepleasedwith
him)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Bewareofthosewhoprecededyouandusedtotakethegraves
oftheirprophetsandrighteousmenasplacesofworship,butyoumustnottakegravesasplacesofworship.Iforbidyoutodothat.
IntheseHadithsandotherstothiseffect,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)pointedoutthat
theJewsandChristiansusedtotakethegravesoftheirprophetsasplacesofworship.Hewarned
theMuslimsagainstcopyingthemthroughtakingthegravesasMasjids,stayingthere,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:48)

andrecitingtheQur'anthere.Alltheseactsalongwithbuildingdomesandfencesoverthem
areoftheavenuesthatleadtoShirkandelevatingtheoccupantsofthesegraves.

TheseactswerecommittedsofrequentlybytheJews,Christiansandtheignorantpeopleofthis
Ummahthattheyworshippedtheoccupantsofthegraves,slaughteredforthem,soughttheir
help,madevowsforandbeseechedthemtohealthesickandgrantvictoryovertheenemy.
Furthermore,whatpeopledoatthegravesofAlHusayn,AlBadawi,Shaykh`AbdulQadirAlJilany,Ibn`Araby www.ircpk.com
andothersisimpermissibleastheycommitmajorShirk.Allahistheonewhoissoughtfor
helpandthereisnomightnorpowerexceptwithAllah.

ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)hasforbiddenMuslimsto
plaster,siton,buildoverandengraveongraves.Thisisbecauseplasteringandbuildingover
thegravesentailmajorShirk.

AllMuslims,individualsorgovernments,mustavoidthiskindofShirkandBid`ahs(Innovation
inreligion),shouldask,whenencounteringreligiousproblematicissues,thescholarsknown
fortheirsound`AqidahandfollowingofthepathoftheSalaf(righteouspredecessors),so
thattheycanworshipAllahwithdeepinsight.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Soask
thepeopleoftheReminder,ifyoudonotknow. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: "Ifanyonetravelsonaroad
insearchofknowledge,AllahwillcausehimtotravelononeoftheroadsofParadise." TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeace
andBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: IfAllahwantstodogoodtoaperson,Hemakeshimcomprehendthereligion.

ItiswellknownthatAllah'sservantsarenotcreatedwithoutanypurposerathertheyare
createdforagreatwisdomandend,namely,worshippingAllahaloneandassociatingno
partnerswithHim.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says:

(PartNo:7,PageNo:49)

AndI(Allh)creatednotthejinnandmankindexceptthattheyshouldworshipMe(Alone). Youcanknowhowto
worshipAllahthroughponderingtheQur'anandthepurifiedSunnahandknowingthe
obligatorykindsofworshipexplainedbyAllahandHisMessengerandaskingthescholars
abouttheproblematicissues.Inthesewaysyoucanknowhowtoachievetheendforwhich
theservantsarecreatedinthewayprescribedbyAllah.ThisistheonlywaytoattainAllah's
pleasureandhonorandescapeHisAngerandPunishment.MayAllahgrantallMuslimssuccess
todowhatpleasesHimandcomprehendHisreligion!MayAllahappointoverthemthebest
ruleramongthemandgrantthescholarssuccesstodotheirdutiesregardingcallingtoAllah,
guidingandteachingforHeistheMostGenerous!

AmongtheotherkindsofShirkisswearingbyanyoneoranythingotherthanAllah.For
example,somepeopleswearbytheprophets,byaheadorlifeofsomeoneandbyhonesty,
whichisimpermissible.ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
said: "WhoeverhastotakeanoathshouldswearbyAllahorremainsilent."(i.e.HeshouldnotswearbyotherthanAllah.)
(AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim)

He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: "HewhoswearsbyanythingotherthanAllahiscommittinganactofpolytheism''.
(Relatedby A lImamAhmadontheauthorityofAmirAlMuminin(CommanderoftheBelievers)
`UmaribnAlKhattab(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)throughanauthenticIsnad)Allah'sMessenger
(peacebeuponhim)said, WhoeverswearsbyanyoneotherthanAllahcommitsKufr(disbelief)orShirk. (Relatedby
AbuDawudandAlTirmidhywithanauthenticIsnadfromIbn`Umar(mayAllahbepleasedwith
them).TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: HewhoswearsbyAmanah(trust)isnotoneofus. The
Prophet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: Donotswearbyyourfathers,orby
yourmothers,orbyrivalstoAllahandswearbyAllahonlywhenyouarespeakingthetruth.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:50)

TherearemanyHadithstothesameeffect.SwearingbyanyoneotherthanAllahinvolves
minorShirkwhichmayleadapersontomajorShirk,ifheexceedstheproperboundsin
reveringsomeoneotherthanAllah.Ifhebelievesthatthereissomeoneorsomethingother
thanAllahwhobenefitsandharmspeopleorthattheyareidealtobesupplicatedorsought
theirhelp,hecommitsmajorShirk.OtherexamplesofminorShirkincludecommon
expressionsusedbymanyMuslims,suchas:"WhatAllahwillsandsoandsowills,""Butfor
Allahandsoandso...,"andthesimilarsayings.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Donot
say,"WhatAllahwillsandsoandsowills,"butsay:"WhatAllahwillsandafterwardssoandsowills. Thisindicatesthe
permissibilityofsaying"ButforAllahthensoandso"or"ThisisfromAllahandthensoand
so",ifthelatterhelpsinthis.

ItisauthenticallyreportedthatamansaidtotheProphet(peacebeuponhim)"WhatAllah
willsandyouwill"thenhe(peacebeuponhim)replied: HaveyoumademearivaltoAllah,say,whatAllah
alonewilled. Thisindicatesthatsaying,"WhatAllahalonewills"isthemostperfect.However,
thereisnothingwrongwithsaying"WhatAllahwillsandthensoandsowills"when
reconcilingbetweentheHadithsandproofs.MayAllahgrantussuccess!

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Q2:SomepeopleconfuseTawassul(seekingtodrawclosetoAllah)bymeansofbelievingin
theProphet(peacebeuponhim),lovinghim,andobeyinghimwithTawassulbyvirtueofhis
beingandstatus.ThereisalsoconfusionbetweenTawassulthroughhisprayers(peacebe
uponhim)duringhislifetimeandTawassulthroughhisprayersafterhisdeath.Suchconfusion
hasledtouncertaintyaboutlawfulandunlawfulTawassul.Wearehopingforadetailed
explanationthatmayremoveuncertaintyregardingthismatteranddefytheattemptsofthe
followersofBid`ahs(innovationsinreligion)toconfuseMuslimsregardingtheseissues.

A:Therearedefinitelypeoplewhodonotknowthedifferencebetweenlawfulandunlawful

(PartNo:7,PageNo:51)

Tawassulbecauseofignoranceandtheabsenceofthosewhomaydrawtheirattentionand
guidethemtoAlHaqq(theTruth).Thereisagreatdifferencebetweenbothkindsof
Tawassul.ThelawfulTawassulreferstoworshippingandlovingAllah(GlorifiedbeHe),loving
HisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)andallmessengersandbelievers,andbelievinginHim
andineverythingwhichHeandHisMessengerrevealedsuchasResurrection,Jannah
(Paradise),Fire,andallotherthingswhichwehavebeentoldofbyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)and
HisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).ThisisthecorrectmeaningoflawfulTawassulwhichwas
entrustedtomessengerstoconvey,revealedinthedivineBooks,andforwhichmankindand
Jinn(creaturescreatedfromfire)havebeencreated.

ThesearealllawfulmeanstobeadmittedintoJannahandbesavedfromtheFire,andattain
happinessintheworldandtheHereafter.Amongtheselawfulmeansistosupplicateand
makeTawassultoAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)byHisNamesandAttributes,andbybelievingin
HimandinallgooddeedswhichHeordainedforHisServantsandmadeameansforattaining
HisPleasureandJannahandgainingtherewardofrelievingthepeople'ssufferingsand
makingthingseasyforthemintheworldandtheHereafter.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)says: AndwhosoeverfearsAllhandkeepshisdutytoHim,Hewillmakeawayforhimtogetout(fromeverydifficulty).
AndHewillprovidehimfrom(sources)henevercouldimagine. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: andwhosoeverfears
AllhandkeepshisdutytoHim,Hewillmakehismattereasyforhim. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says:
andwhosoeverfearsAllhandkeepshisdutytoHim,Hewillexpiatefromhimhissins,andwillenlargehisreward. He
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: "Truly!TheMuttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2)willbeamidstGardensand
w a t e rsprings(Paradise). Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Verily,fortheMuttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2)areGardensof
delight(Paradise)withtheirLord. He(ExaltedbeHe)says: Oyouwhobelieve!IfyouobeyandfearAllh,Hewillgrant
youFurqn[(acriteriontojudgebetweenrightandwrong),or(Makhraj,i.e.awayforyoutogetoutfromeverydifficulty)],andwill
expiateforyouyoursins,andforgiveyou This"Furqan"referstoknowledgeandguidance.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:52)

ThereareseveralAyahs(Qur'anicverses)conveyingthesamemeaning.

AnotherexampleoflawfulTawassulistomakeTawassultoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)byloving
HisProphet(peacebeuponhim),believinginhim,andfollowinghisShari`ah(Islamiclaw),
becausetheseareoneofthebestgooddeedsandgreatestmeanstodrawclosertoAllah.

Ontheotherhand,Tawassulbythehonor,right,orbeingoftheProphetorotherprophets
andrighteouspeopleisaBid`ahwhichhasnoorigin.Infact,itisameansleadingtoShirk
(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)becausetheSahabah(Companionsof
theProphetmayAllahbepleasedwiththem),whowerethemostknowledgeableofthe
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)andofhisstatusdidnotdothat.Ifitwasagooddeed,they
woulddoit.Moreover,whentheysufferedfromdroughtduringtheeraof`Umar(mayAllahbe
pleasedwithhim),theydidnotgotothegraveoftheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)nordid
theymakeTawassulorsupplicationtohim.Rather,`Umar(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)
askedtheProphet'suncle, A l`Abbasibn`AbdulMuttalib,tosupplicatetoAllahforrainfall.He(may
Allahbepleasedwithhim)saidwhilehewasstandingontheMinbar(pulpit),"OAllah!
Whenevertherewasdrought,weusedtorequestourProphettoaskYouforrainandYou
wouldgiveus(rain),andnowweasktheuncleofourProphettoinvokeYouforrain.OAllah!
Blessuswithrain."Allahwouldbringthemrainfall.(RelatedbyAlBukhariinhisSahih(authentic)
BookofHadith)

`Umar(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)requestedAl`AbbastosupplicatetoAllahhedidand
theMuslimssaid'Amen'andAllah(ExaltedbeHe)blessedthemwithrain.Thereisalsothe
storyofthepeopleofthecavewhichwasauthenticallyreportedintheTwoSahihBooksof
Hadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim).Thestoryinbrieftellsthatthreepersonsofearlier
generationswereforced,onaccountofrainandsleepnecessity,toseekshelterinacave.A
rockfellfromthemountainandblockedthemouthofthecaveandtheywereunabletomove
it.Theysaidtoeachother:Youwillnotberescuedfromthisrockexceptbysupplicatingto
Allahbyvirtueofyourgooddeeds.They,thus,supplicatedtoHim(GlorifiedbeHe)andsought www.ircpk.com
HisHelp.OneofthemsupplicatedtoAllahbyvirtueofhisdutifulnesstoparents,thesecond

(PartNo:7,PageNo:53)

supplicatedbyhisrefusaltocommitZina(premaritalsexualintercourse)whilehewasableto
commitit,andthethirdsupplicatedtoAllahbyvirtueofhishonestyandreturningAmanah
(trust)toitsowners.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)causedtherocktosplittotallyandtheygotoutof
thecave.Thisstorystandsasaplainproofofthefactthatgooddeedsrepresentoneofthe
mostimportantmeansforalleviatingsufferings,gettingoutoftroubles,andbeingsafefrom
theafflictionsoftheworldandtheHereafter.

AsformakingTawassulbyvirtueofthehonor,right,orbeingofaperson,thisisarejected
Bid`ahandameansleadingtoShirk.Invokingthedeadandseekingtheirhelp,ontheother
hand,ismajorShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship).

TheSahabah(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)usedtoasktheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
tosupplicatetoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andseekHisHelpwhentheysuffereddroughtandalso
tomakeShafa`ah(intercession)forthemineverythingthatwasofbenefittothem,butonly
duringhislifetime.Whenhe(peacebeuponhim)died,theyrequestednothingfromhimnor
wenttohisgravetoaskhimforShafa`ahorforanythingelse.Theyknewthatsuchactswere
notpermissibleafterhisdeath,butonlypermissibleduringhislifetime.Also,ontheDayof
Resurrection,thebelieverswillaskhimforShafa`ahtobeadmittedintoJannah.Theywould
firstdemandthisfromProphetsAdam,Nuh,Ibrahim,Musa,and`Isa(peacebeuponthem)
buttheywillapologize,eachbeingconcernedwiththeirownselvesandtellingthemtoask
someoneelseforthis.Whentheygoto`Isa(peacebeuponhim),hewillapologizetothem
andguidethemtoaskProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim).Theywillaskhimfor
Shafa`ahandhewillanswer:Iamuptoit,Iamuptoit(i.e.Iwillintercedeforyou).Thisis
becauseAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)haspromisedhimthis.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)will
goandprostratebeforeAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andpraiseHimmuch.Hewillremain
prostratinguntilAllah(ExaltedbeHe)saystohim:Raiseyourhead,sayandyouwillbe
listenedto,askanditwillbegranted,andmakeShafa`ahanditwillbeaccepted.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:54)

ThisHadithisauthenticallyreportedintheTwoSahihBooksofHadithitisthewellknown
HadithofShafa`ahandthisistheMaqamMahmudwhichAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)mentionsin
thefollowingAyahinSurahAlIsra': ItmaybethatyourLordwillraiseyoutoMaqmMahmd(astationofpraiseand
glory,i.e.thehonourofintercessionontheDayofResurrection.).

MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,anduponhisfamily,
Companions,andthosewhodiligentlyfollowinhisfootsteps!MayAllahmakeusamongthose
forwhomtheProphetwillmakeShafa`ah,forHeisAllHearer,EverNear!

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Thirdquestion:

ItisnoticedthatmanyofthosewhobelongtoIslamseemtobeunawareofthemeaningofLa
IlahaIllaAllah(thereisnodeitybutAllah)andthuspracticesthatcontradictandoppose
Islambywordsanddeedstookplace.WhatisthemeaningofLaIlahaIllaAllah?Whatarethe
prerequisitesandconditionsofit?

Answer:

Thereisnodoubtthatthisword(LaIlahaIllaAllah)isthebasisoftheDin(religionofIslam)
andthefirstpillarofIslamalongwithtestifyingthatMuhammadistheMessengerofAllahas
mentionedintheSahih(authentic)HadiththattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Islamis
basedonfive(pillars):testimonythatthereisnodeitybutAllahandthatMuhammadistheMessengerofAllahperformingSalah
(prayers),payingZakah(obligatorycharity)fastingRamadanandperformingHajj(pilgrimage) AgreeduponbyImams
AlBukhariandMuslimfromtheHadithofIbn`Umar(mayAllahbepleasedwithbothofthem).

ItisalsoreportedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)
ontheauthorityofIbn'Abbas(mayAllahbepleasedwithbothofthem)whentheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)sentMu`adh(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)toYemen,hetoldhim:

(PartNo:7,PageNo:55)

YouwillsooncometoacommunityofPeopleoftheBook,socallthemtotestifythatthereisnodeitybutAllah,andthatI
(Muhammad)amtheMessengerofAllah.Then,iftheyobeyyouinthat,tellthemthatAllahhasimposedonthemfivePrayersevery
dayandnight,andiftheyobeyyouinthat,tellthemthatAllahhasimposedonthemaSadaqah(charityi.e.Zakah)thatistobetaken
fromtheirrichpeopleandgiventotheirpoorpeople. (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim).Thereare
manyHadithsnarratedtothateffect.

However,testifyingthatthereisnodeitybutAllahmeans:Noneisworthyofworshipbut
Allah,disaffirmingthedeismofanythingotherthanAllah(GlorifiedbeHe),andaffirmingitto
Allahalone,asHe(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysinSurahAlHajj: ThatisbecauseAllhHeisthe
Truth(theonlyTrueGodofallthatexists,WhohasnopartnersorrivalswithHim),andwhatthey(thepolytheists)invokebesides
Him,itisBtil(falsehood). Moreover,He(GlorifiedbeHe)mentionsinSurahAlMu'minin: Andwhoever
invokes(orworships),besidesAllh,anyotherilh(god),ofwhomhehasnoproofthenhisreckoningisonlywithhisLord.Surely!
A lKfirn(thedisbelieversinAllhandintheOnenessofAllh,polytheists,pagans,idolaters)willnotbesuccessful. He
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosaysinSurahAlBaqarah: AndyourIlh(God)isOneIlh(GodAllh),L
ilhaillaHuwa(thereisnonewhohastherighttobeworshippedbutHe),theMostGracious,theMostMerciful. Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosaysinSurahAlBayyinah:: Andtheywerecommandednot,butthattheyshouldworship
Allh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim) TheAyahsthatstressthismeaning
arenumerousandthisgreatworddoesnotproveusefultosayersorbringsthemoutofShirk
(associatingothersinworshipwithAllah)unlesstheytrulyknowitsmeaning,actin
accordancewithitandbelieveinitfirmly.

Overandabove,thehypocritesusedtosayitwhiletheyaretobeinthelowestandworst
rankofNar(Hellfire),sincetheyhaveneverbelievedinitnorhavetheyactedaccordingly.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:56)

ThesameappliestotheJews,fortheysayitwhiletheyaretheworstwithrespecttoKufr
(disbelief),fornotbelievinginit,andsoaretheworshippersofthegravesandthe
Awliya'(piouspeople)amongsttheKuffar(disbelievers)ofthisUmmah(nationofcreed),for
theysayitbytongueandopposeitbydeeds,sayingsandconvictions,therefore,itdoesnot
helpthemandtheydonotbecomeMuslimsbysayingitsincetheyalreadycontradictitby
theirsayings,deeds,andconvictionsasmentioned.

Furthermore,somescholarsmentionedthatthereareeightconditionsforfulfillingit,
summarizedintwolinesofpoetrywording:

knowledge,certainty,sincerity, love,submissiveness,and
truthfulnessalongwith acceptanceofit
Andaddaneighththingthatis inwhateverisworshippedother
todisbelieve thantheDeity

TheselinesepitomizealltheprerequisitesofthetestimonythatthereisnodeitybutAllah
andthatMuhammadistheMessengerofAllah:

First:Knowingitsmeaninginawaythatopposesignoranceofit.Ithasbeenpreviously
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mentionedthatitmeansthatnoneisworthyofworshipbutAllah,accordingly,anygods
worshippedbypeopleotherthanAllaharefalseones.

Second:TheYaqin(certainty)whichremovesdoubtfromitssayer,fortheyshouldbecertain
thatAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)istrulytheOnlyOnethatisworthyofworship.

Third:Sincerity,anditisattainedwhenaservantobservesinceritytotheirLord(Glorifiedbe
He)Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)inallactsofworship,soiftheyturntoanythingother
thanAllahsuchasaprophet,waliy,angel,idoloraJinni(creaturecreatedfromfire),theywill
haveassociatedothersinworshipwithHim,andbrokenthiscondition.

Fourth:Truthfulness:itmeansthatapersonshouldsayitwhilebeingtruthfulinit,having
theirheartaccordedwiththeirtongueandviceversa,suchthatifapersonadmitsitby
tonguewhiletheirheartsdonot,theywillnotbefullybelievinginitsmeaningandthenitwill
notbenefitthem,fortheywillbekafirlikeotherhypocrites.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:57)

Fifth:Love,whichmeansthatapersonshouldloveAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),such
thatiftheysayitwithoutlovingAllah,theywillbeakafirincasetheyhavenotembraced
Islamlikethehypocrites.TheevidenceonthisexistsinHisSaying: Say(OMuhammad
tomankind):"Ifyou(really)loveAllhthenfollowme(i.e.acceptIslmicMonotheism,followtheQurnandtheSunnah),Allh
willloveyou Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Andofmankindaresomewhotake(forworship)othersbesidesAllh
asrivals(toAllh).TheylovethemastheyloveAllh.Butthosewhobelieve,loveAllhmore(thananythingelse). However,
theAyahsstressingthismeaningarenumerous.

Sixth:Submissivenesstothemeaningdenoted,whichistoworshipAllahalone,submittoHis
Shari`ah(IslamicLaw),believeinitandknowthatitisthetruth.So,ifapersonsaysit
withoutworshippingAllahaloneorapplyingHisShari`ah,ratherdisdainit,theywillnotbea
MuslimsuchasIblis(Satan)andhisfellows.

Seventh:Acceptanceofwhatthiswordindicatesthatistoacceptwhatitdenotesofdevoting
worshiptoAllahaloneandabandoningworshipofanythingotherthanHim,alongwith
abidingbythisandacceptingit.

Eighth:DisbelievingwhateverisworshippedbesidesAllah,whichmeansthatapersonshould
repudiateworshippingallthingsotherthanAllah,andbelievethattheyarefalse,asAllah
(GlorifiedbeHe)says: WhoeverdisbelievesinTghtandbelievesinAllh,thenhehasgraspedthemosttrustworthy
handholdthatwillneverbreak.AndAllhisAllHearer,AllKnower. Itisauthenticallyreportedthatthe
MessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: WhoeverprofessesthatthereisnodeitybutAllahand
repudiateseverythingthatwhichpeopleworshipotherthanAllah,theirmoneyandbloodbecomesinviolable,andAllahwilljudge
them(i.e.theirrealintentions) ,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:58)

Accordingtoanothernarration,he(peacebeuponhim)said: WhoeversinglesoutAllahinworshipand
disbelievesinwhateverthingsworshipedbesidesHim,hismoneyandbloodbecomeinviolable. Bothnarrationsare
relatedbyMusliminHisSahih.

Therefore,itisthedutyofallMuslimstofulfillthiswordabidingbysuchconditions,for
wheneveraMuslimattainsitsmeaningandobservesit,theirmoneyandbloodwillbe
inviolable,eveniftheydonotknowthedetailsofsuchconditions,sincetheaimistobeaware
ofthetruthandactinaccordancewithit,eventhoughaMu'min(believer)doesnotknowthe
requiredconditions.

Apartfromthis,theTaghutreferstoallthingsthatareworshipedbesidesAllahasHe
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: WhoeverdisbelievesinTghtandbelievesinAllh,thenhehasgraspedthemost
trustworthyhandholdthatwillneverbreak. .

He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Andverily,WehavesentamongeveryUmmah(community,nation)aMessenger
(proclaiming): WorshipAllh(Alone),andavoid(orkeepawayfrom)Tght(allfalsedeitiesi.e.donotworshipTghtbesides
Allh). Whoeverisworshipedamongstprophets,righteouspeopleandangelsbut,atthesame
time,doesnotacceptthisisnotaTaghut.TheTaghutalsoreferstotheSatanwhohascalled
toworshipingthemandmadethatseemfairforpeopleweaskAllahtograntusandall
Muslimssafetyandreleiffromeveryevil".Thedifferencebetweenthedeedsthatcontradict
thisword(i.e.LailahaIllaAllah)andthosecontradictingitsperfectionisthateverysaying,
deed,orconvictionthatleadsitsdoertofallintomajorShirk(associatingotherswithAllahin
HisDivinityorworship)willentirelybecontradictingandopposingitsuchasappealing,
sacrificing,vowingandprostratingtothedead,angels,idols,trees,stones,starsandthelike.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:59)

AllthistotallycontradictsTawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah/monotheism),contrastsand
abrogatesthisword:"LaIlahaIllaAllah".Italsobelongstothiscategorytheactofrejecting www.ircpk.com
whateverisknownbynecessityandconsensussuchasZina(premaritalsexualintercourse
and/oradultery),drinkingintoxicants,beingundutifultoparents,Riba(usury/interest)and
othersuchthings.InadditiontodenyingwhateverisnecessarilyknownbyconsensusinDinto
beobligatorysuchastheordinanceofthefiveprayers,Zakah,Sawm(fasting)Ramadan,
havingdutifulnesstoparents,proclaimingtheTwoShahadahs(TestimonyofFaith)and
suchlike.

Asforsayings,deeds,andconvictionswhichweakenTawhidandImanandcontradicttheir
perfection,therearemanyofthemsuchasminorShirk,insincerity,swearingbyanyoneother
thanAllah,sayingwhatAllahandsoandsowill,orthisisbytheGraceofAllahandsuchand
such,andthelike.Thesameappliestoallsins,fortheyalsoweakenTawhidandIman,and
contradicttheirperfection.Therefore,weshouldbewareofallthatopposesTawhidorIman,
ordecreasestheirreward,forImanaccordingtoAhlulSunnahwalJama`ah(thoseadhering
totheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody)isawordanddeedwhichgrowsbyobedienceand
decreasesbysins.

Scholarshavenumerouslyillustratedtheevidenceonthatinthebooksof`Aqidah,Tafsir
(explanation/exegesisofthemeaningsoftheQur'an)andHadiththatpraisebetoAllah
areavailabletoeveryone,thisisalsoincludedinAllah'sSaying: AndwhenevertherecomesdownaSrah
(chapterfromtheQurn),someofthem(hypocrites)say:"WhichofyouhashadhisFaithincreasedbyit?"Asforthosewhobelieve,
ithasincreasedtheirFaith,andtheyrejoice. InadditiontoHisSaying(GlorifiedbeHe): Thebelieversareonly
thosewho,whenAllhismentioned,feelafearintheirheartsandwhenHisVerses(thisQurn)arereciteduntothem,they(i.e.the
Verses)increasetheirFaithandtheyputtheirtrustintheirLord(Alone)

(PartNo:7,PageNo:60)

BesidesHisSaying(GlorifiedbeHe): AndAllhincreasesinguidancethosewhowalkaright. TheAyahs


stressingthismeaningarenumerous.

www.ircpk.com

Q4:

Thereareseveralresearches,writings,andlectures,whicharecurrentlyspreading,proving
theexistenceofAllahandHisLordshipwithoutconsideringthisasevidenceentailingTawhid
u lUluhiyyah(OnenessofWorship).Inconsequence,peopleareunawareofTawhidul
Uluhiyyahorunderestimatingitsimportance.Howgreatitwouldbeifyouhighlightthe
importanceofTawhidu lUluhiyyah,intermsofbeingthebasisofsafety,thekeytothe
Da`wah(calltoIslam)conveyedbythemessengers(peacebeuponthem),andthefoundation
necessaryforeverything.

A:

Undoubtedly,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)sentmessengersandrevealedDivineBookstoexplain
therightswhichHisServantsoweHimandtocallthemtoworshipHimAloneanddedicateall
actsof`Ibadah(worship)toHim.MosthumansareawarethatAllahistheirLord,Creator,
andProviderbuttheycommitShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)
becauseofdedicatingallorsomeoftheiractsof`IbadahtootherthanAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
outofignoranceandblindimitationoftheirforefathersandancestors.Thishappenedtothe
peopleofProphetNuh(Noah)andothersucceedingnationsaswellastothefirstgenerationsofthis
Ummah(nationbasedononecreed)whorejectedtheMessenger'scalltoTawhid(beliefin
theOnenessofAllah)andwerereluctanttoacceptit.TheysaidasstatedintheQur'an: "Hashe
madethelihah(gods)(all)intoOneIlh(GodAllh).Verily,thisisacuriousthing!" (Surah

(PartNo:7,PageNo:61)

Sad)Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosaysabouttheminSurahAlSaffat: Truly,whenitwassaidtothem:L
ilhaillallh"(nonehastherighttobeworshippedbutAllh),"theypuffedthemselvesupwithpride(i.e.deniedit). And(they)said:
"Arewegoingtoabandonourlihah(gods)forthesakeofamadpoet?" TheyalsosaidasstatedinSurahAl
Zukhruf: Wefoundourfathersfollowingacertainwayandreligion,andwewillindeedfollowtheirfootsteps. Thereare
severalAyahs(Qur'anicverses)conveyingthesamemeaning.

MuslimscholarsandDu`ah(callers)toguidancearerequiredtoexplaintothepeoplethetrue
meaningofTawhidu lUluhiyyahandthedifferencebetweenitandTawhidulRububiyyah
(OnenessofAllah'sLordship)andTawhidulAsma'walSifat(OnenessofAllah'sNamesand
Attributes),becausemanypeople,Muslimsandothers,areunawareofthisdifference.The
Kafirs(disbelievers)ofQurayshandotherpartsoftheArabianPeninsulaandmostnationswere
awarethatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)istheirCreatorandProvider.ThatwaswhyAllah(Glorified
beHe)tookthisconfessionasevidenceagainstthem,becauseHeistheOnlyOnedeservedto
beworshippedsinceHecreatesthem,providesforthem,andisOmnipotentoverthem.Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Andifyouaskthemwhocreatedthem,theywillsurelysay:Allh. Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andifyou(OMuhammad)askthem:"Whohascreatedtheheavensandthe
earth,"theywillcertainlysay:"Allh." He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)orderedHisProphet(peacebe
uponhim)toaskthemaboutwhoprovidedforthem: Say(OMuhammad):"Whoprovides
foryoufromtheskyandtheearth?Orwhoownshearingandsight?Andwhobringsoutthelivingfromthedeadandbringsoutthe
deadfromtheliving?Andwhodisposestheaffairs?" Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Theywillsay:Allh.Say:Willyounot
ThereareseveralAyahsconveying
thenbeafraidofAllhspunishment(forsettinguprivalsinworshipwithAllh)?
thesamemeaning.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe),thus,tooktheirconfessionthatHeistheirLord,
Creator,Provider,theCreatoroftheheavensandtheearth,andtheDisposerofaffairs

(PartNo:7,PageNo:62)

asevidencetorefutetheirdenialoftheonenessofworshipandprovethefalsehoodof
worshippingidolsandotherthingswhichtheyusedtoworshipotherthanAllah(Exaltedbe
He).

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)hasorderedHisServantstobelieveinHisNamesandAttributesandto
deemHimfarabovethelikenessofanyofHisCreation.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: And(all)the
MostBeautifulNamesbelongtoAllh,socallonHimbythem HesaysinSurahAlHashr: HeisAllh,besideWhomL
ilhaillHuwa(nonehastherighttobeworshippedbutHe)theAllKnoweroftheunseenandtheseen.HeistheMostGracious,the
MostMerciful. totheendoftheSurah(Qur'anicchapter).Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
says: Say(OMuhammad):"HeisAllh,(the)One. "AllhusSamad()
[AllhtheSelfSufficientMaster,Whomallcreaturesneed,(Heneithereatsnordrinks)]. "Hebegetsnot,norwasHebegotten.
He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Thendonotset
"AndthereisnonecoequalorcomparableuntoHim."
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)
uprivalsuntoAllh(inworship)whileyouknow(thatHeAlonehastherighttobeworshipped).
alsosays: ThereisnothinglikeHimandHeistheAllHearer,theAllSeer. ThereareseveralAyahsconveying
thesamemeaning.
www.ircpk.com
Scholars(mayAllahbemercifulwiththem)statedthatTawhidulRububiyyahentailsTawhid
u lUluhiyyah,whichmeanstoworshipAllahAlone.ThatwaswhyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)took
thisasevidenceagainsttheKafirs.

Likewise,TawhidulAsma'walSifatrequiresworshippingAllahAlone,becauseHeisPerfect
inHisEssence,Names,andAttributesandHeistheOneWhograntsfavorsandbountiestoHis
Servants.Accordingly,Heisworthyofbeingworshippedandthepeopleareobligatedtoobey
HisordersandabstainfromHisprohibitions.

InordertoworshipAllahAlone,youhavetoassimilatebothkindsofTawhidbyknowledge
andpractice.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:63)

Scholarsdetailedthisissueintheirbooksof`Aqidah(creed)andTafsir(exegesisofthe
meaningsoftheQur'an)suchasTafsirIbnJarir,IbnKathir,AlBaghawy,andothers,"TheSunnah"for
`AbdullahibnAhmad,and" A lTawhid"forIbnKhuzaymah.Also,theknowledgeable `UthmanibnSa`idAlDarimy
wrotebooksagainstBishrAlMirrisy.OtherscholarsfromamongtheSalaf(righteouspredecessors
mayAllahbemercifulwiththem)didthesame.Amongthosewhowereknownoftheir
superiorityinthismatterwereShaykhulIslamIbnTaymiyyahandhisstudenttheknowledgeable
scholarIbnAlQayyim(mayAllahbemercifulwiththem).

ThesameapproachwasadoptedbytheleadersofDa`wahduringthetwelfthcenturyandthe
succeedingcenturiessuchasShaykhMuhammadibn`AbdulWahhab(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)
andhissons,studentsandfollowersfromamongAhlu lSunnah(thoseadheringtothe
Sunnah).

Oneofthebestwritingsonthisissueis"FathAlMajid"whichwasbasedontheoriginalbook
"Taysirul`AzizAlHamid"theformerbeingwrittenbyShaykh`AbdulRahmanibnHasan(mayAllah
bemercifulwithhim)andthelatterbeingwrittenbySulaymanibn`AbdullahAlAlShaykh(mayAllahbe
mercifulwithhim).

OneofthebestcompilationsinthisissueisthefirstpartsofAlDurarAlSunniyyah,which
werecompiledbyShaykh`AbdulRahmanibnQasim(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim).Hecompiled
theFatwasofleadersofDa`wahfromthefamilyofAlAlShaykhi.e.Muhammadibn`AbdulWahhabandother
scholarsofthetwelfthcenturyandthesucceedingcenturieson`AqidahandAhkam(legal
rulings).Irecommendreadingthemaswellasotherbookswrittenbyscholarsfromamong
AhlulSunnahbecausetheyareveryuseful.

AnotherexampleisthefirsttreatiseswrittenbytheleadersofDa`wahof AlShaykhandothers
(mayAllahbemercifulwiththem),andtherepliesofShayk`AbdulRahmanibnHasan,Shaykh`Abdul
Latifibn`AbdulRahman,Shaykh`AbdullahAbabtin,and

(PartNo:7,PageNo:64)

ShaykhSulaymanibnSahmanandotherleadersofguidanceandsupportersofTawhid.These
materialsareveryuseful.Theyremovealotofdoubtsandrefutethecallerstofalsehood.May
Allahbemercifulwiththemall,admitthemintothespaciousgardensofHisJannah
(Paradise),andmakeusfromamongthosewhodiligentlyfollowintheirfootsteps.

Also,AlBuhuthAlIslamiyyahMagazine,whichispublishedbytheGeneralPresidencyofthe
DepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,Ifta',Daw`ah,andGuidance,includesveryusefularticles
about`AqidahandAhkam.

OtherusefulmaterialsarethefirstvolumesofFatwasandarticlesissuedbymeabout
`Aqidah.Theyareprintedandavailablefortheseekersofknowledge,mayAllahmakethem
beneficial.ThebookswrittenbyAhlulSunnahwalJama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnah
andtheMuslimmainbody)arefullofsuchusefultopics.AllahistheOneWhograntssuccess!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:65)

Fifthquestion:

TherearesomescholarswhopermitTabarruk(seekingblessings)withthescholars,thepious
a n d t h e i r r e m a i n s holdingtheproofofwhathasbeenauthenticallyreportedbythe
Companions(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)thattheyusedtoobserveTabarrukwiththe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)whatistherulingonthis?Isthatnotacomparisonbetween
normalpeopleandtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)?IsitpossibletoseekTabarrukwiththe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)afterhisdeath?WhatistherulingonobservingTawassul
(supplicatingtoAllah)withtheblessingoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)?

Answer:ItisnotpermissibletoseekblessingswithotherthantheProphet(peacebeupon
him)itisimpermissibletoseekblessingsbytheablution,hair,sweat,oranythingofanybody.
AlltheseareexclusivequalitiestotheProphet(peacebeuponhim)duetothegoodnessand
blessingswhichAllahplacedinhisbody.

Therefore,theCompanionsdidnotseekblessingswithanyofthem,notduringhislifeorafter
hisdeath.ThisdidnottakeplacewiththeRightlyGuidedCaliphsorothers,whichindicates
theirknowledgethatseekingblessingsisaspecialqualitygiventotheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)andnottoothersandbecausedoingsoisameanstopolytheismandworshipping
othersthanAllah(GlorifiedbeHe).

Thus,itisnotpermissibletoobserveTawassultoAllahwiththeprestigeoftheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)orhimselforhisattributes,becausethereisnoprooftosustainthisand
becausethisisoneofthemeanstopolytheismandoverestimationoftheProphet(peacebe
uponhim).

ThisisalsowasnotdonebyhisCompanions(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)andifitwere
good,theywouldhaveprecededusindoingitbutitisagainsttheShar`yproofs.Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: And(all)theMostBeautifulNamesbelongtoAllh,socallonHimbythem

(PartNo:7,PageNo:66)

AllahdidnotcommandthepeopletosupplicatetoHimwiththeprestige,thestatusorthe
blessingsofanyone.

ObservingTawassulwithHisAttributesisthesameasobservingTawassulwithHisNames
suchasHisGlory,Mercy,Speech,andothersaswasauthenticallyreportedintheHadiths
whichexhortseekingrefugewiththeperfectwordsofAllah,andseekingrefugewiththe
DignityandPowerofAllah.Likewise,seekingTawassulwiththeloveofAllah(Glorifiedbe
He),theloveofHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),beliefinAllahandgooddeedsasshown
inthestoryofthepeopleofthecavewhowerecompelledbyraintospendthenightinacave,
sotheyenteredandarockslippedtoblocktheentranceofthecave.Theycouldnotpushit
away,sotheythoughtofawayout.Theydecidedthattheywouldnotsucceedexceptby
supplicatingtoAllahwiththeirrighteousdeeds.So,someoneobservedTawassulwithfilial
obedienceandtherockwasopenedalittlebitbutstilltheycouldnotgetout.Thesecond
observedTawassulwithhischastityandabstainingfromadulteryafterbeingabletocommit
it,sotherockwasopenedalittlebitbuttheystillcouldnotgetout.Thethirdobserved
Tawassulwithrenderingtrustsback,sotherockwasopenedandtheygotout.

TheHadithisauthenticallyreportedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.Al
BukhariandMuslim)fromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim),fromthenewsofthosewhowere
beforeusandbecauseofthelessons,admonishmentandreminderwhichthestorycontains.

SomescholarsdeclaredwhatIhavementionedinthisanswersuchasShaykhAlIslamIbn
Taymiyah,hisstudent,scholarIbnAlQayyim,theversatileShaykh`AbdurRahmanibnHasaninFathAlMajid
SharhKitabAlTawhidandothers.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:67)

AsfortheHadithoftheblindwhoobservedTawassulwiththeProphet(peacebeuponhim)
duringhislife(peacebeuponhim)andtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)intercededand
invokedAllahtogivehissightback,thisisakindofTawassulwiththeDu`a'(supplication)of
theProphetandnotwithhisprestigeorstatusasitisobviousintheHadith.Thepeopleshall
seekhisintercessionontheDayofRecompenseforfinaljudgmentandagainthepeopleof
ParadiseshallseekhisintercessionontheDayofRecompenseinordertoenterParadise.This
isakindofTawassulwithhimduringhisworldlyandhislaterlife.ThiskindofTawassulis
madewithhissupplicationandintercession,notwithhimselforhisstatusasthepreviously
mentionedscholarsdeclared. www.ircpk.com

www.ircpk.com

RulingondrawingclosertoJinn,prophets,etc.

Thesixthquestion:

InthesouthofJordan,thereisaspringofmineralwaterknownasBarkSulaymanibnDawud
(waterofSolomon,sonofDavid,peacebeuponthemboth)thatpeoplevisitforbathingand
seekingcure.Notonlythat,peoplealsobringwiththemanimalstobeslaughteredontheir
arrival.Whatistherulingonsuchsacrifices?Provideuswithyourbeneficialanswer,please.
MayAllahblessandrewardyouwiththebestreward.

Answer:

Ifthewatermentionedinthequestionistriedandisreallyknownforitseffectiveness
regardingcertaindiseases,suchasrheumatismetc.,itispermissiblethatpeoplevisitsucha
springforbathingandseekingcuresinceAllahhasmadecertainwatersbeneficialforthe
treatmentofsomediseases.Ontheotherhand,ifsuchpeopleslaughtertheanimals
mentionedabovetoeatfromthemorgiveasfoodtotheirguestsetc.,suchapracticeisalso
permissible.However,ifpeopleslaughtertheanimalsto

(PartNo:7,PageNo:68)

drawclosertothespringofwater,Jinn(creaturescreatedfromfire),orprophetsorforany
purposethatrelatestovoidbeliefs,suchapracticeisnotpermissible.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)
says: Say(OMuhammad):"Verily,mySalt(prayer),mysacrifice,myliving,andmydyingareforAllh,the
LordoftheAlamn(mankind,jinnandallthatexists). Hehasnopartner. He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Verily,We
havegrantedyou(OMuhammad)AlKauthar(ariverinParadise). ThereforeturninprayertoyourLordand
sacrifice(toHimonly).

SacrificeandSalah(Prayer)are,thus,onlyforAllah.Nooneisallowedtoofferasacrificeto
Jinn,acertainstar,aspecificspringofwater,adefiniteprophet,oranyotherperson.Rather,
apersonisallowedtodrawclosertoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)onlybyoffering
sacrifices,Salah,oranyoftheotherkindsof`Ibadah(worship).He(GlorifiedbeHe)says: You
(Alone)weworship,andYou(Alone)weaskforhelp(foreachandeverything). and: Andtheywerecommandednot,butthatthey
shouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim) and: SoworshipAllh(Alone)
bydoingreligiousdeedssincerelyforAllhssakeonly. Surelythereligion(i.e.theworshipandtheobedience)isforAllhonly.

Itisworthmentioningthatofferingsacrificesisoneofthemostimportantandbestkindsof
`Ibadah.Again,ifsuchpeopleslaughtertheanimalstoeatfromtheirmeatastheystayby
thespringofwaterandneedfood,itispermissibleforthemtodoso.Nevertheless,ifsuch
sacrificesareofferedtotheplaceitself,thespringofwater,Jinn,aspecificangel,ora
prophettodrawclosetohim,ortoanyperson,star,oridol,allthisisShirk(associatingothers
withAllahinHisDivinityorworship)thatshouldbeavoided.Verily,OnlyAllahissoughtfor
help.ItwasauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Allahcurses
whomeverslaughters(asacrifice)tootherthanHim. (RelatedbyImamMusliminhisSahih(authentic)Bookof
HadithontheauthorityofAmirAlMu'minin(CommanderoftheBelievers)`AlymayAllahbe
pleasedwithhim)

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:69)

Theseventhquestion:

InmanyIslamicsocieties,thereisatrendofmockingtheoutwardreligiousetiquette,suchas
lettingthebeardgrow,shorteningthegarment,etc.Doessuchmockerytakeapersonoutof
Islam?Whatisyouradvicetowhoevercommitssuchanact?MayAllahgrantyousuccess!

Answer:

Undoubtedly,makingfunofAllah,HisMessenger,Ayahs(Qur'anicverses),Shari`ah(Islamic
law)andrulingsisakindofKufr(disbelief).Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Say:"Was
itatAllh(),andHisAyt(proofs,evidence,verses,lessons,signs,revelations)andHisMessenger()that
youweremocking?" Makenoexcuseyoudisbelievedafteryouhadbelieved. (SurahAlTawbah)

ThisalsoincludesmockingTawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah/monotheism),Salah
(Prayer),Zakah(obligatorycharity),Sawm(Fast),Hajjoranyotherreligiousrulingbeing
agreedupon.

Withregardtomakingfunofmengrowingtheirbeards,shorteningtheirgarments,or
avoidingIsbal(lengtheningandtrailingclothingbelowtheankles)orsuchmatterswhose
rulingsarenotquiteknown,thematterissubjecttofurtherdiscussion.However,oneshould
avoidthisandadvisewhoeverdoesthistorepenttoAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)andabidebyHis
Shar`(Law).OneshouldavoidmakingfunofwhoeverabidesbytheetiquetteofShari`ah,in
ordertoobeyAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)and
toavoidAllah'sWrathandPunishmentorfallingintoRiddah(apostasy)unintentionally.We
askAllahtograntallMuslimssafetyfromeveryevil.Indeed,HeistheBesttobesoughtfor
help.

MayAllahgrantussuccess!

(PartNo:7,PageNo:70)

Theeighthquestion:

Whatarethebooksyourecommendpeopletoreadinthefieldof`Aqidah(creed)?

Answer:

Thebest,greatestandmosttruthfulbookthatshouldbereadon`Aqidah,rulingsandmorals
istheBookofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),whichfalsehoodcannotapproachinany
way,foritwasrevealedbytheAllWise,Worthyofallpraise.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Verily,thisQurnguidestothatwhichismostjustandrightandgives
gladtidingstothebelievers(intheOnenessofAllhandHisMessenger,Muhammad),whoworkdeedsof
righteousness,thattheyshallhaveagreatreward(Paradise).

And: Say:Itisforthosewhobelieve,aguideandahealing."

A n d : (Thisis)aBook(theQurn)whichWehavesentdowntoyou,fullofblessings,thattheymayponderoveritsVerses,and
thatmenofunderstandingmayremember.

A n d : AndthisisablessedBook(theQurn)whichWehavesentdown,sofollowitandfearAllh(i.e.donotdisobeyHisOrders),
thatyoumayreceivemercy(i.e.besavedfromthetormentofHell).

And: AndWehavesentdowntoyoutheBook(theQuran)asanexpositionofeverything,aguidance,amercy,andgladtidingsfor
thosewhohavesubmittedthemselves(toAllhasMuslims).

(PartNo:7,PageNo:71)

TherearenumerousAyahstothesameeffect.

InhisKhutbah(sermon)duringtheFarewellHajj,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidinthe
Sahih(authentic)HadithabouttheEverGloriousQur'an: Ileaveyouthatwhichifyoustickto,youwillnotgo
astray:theBookofAllah.

He(peacebeuponhim)saidinhisKhutbahonthedayofGhadirKhumwhenhereturnedfromthe
FarewellHajjtoMadinah: Iamleavingamongyoutwoimportantthings:thefirstofwhichistheBookofAllahinwhichthere
isrightguidanceandlight,soholdfasttotheBookofAllahandadheretoit www.ircpk.com
HeurgedpeopletoadheretotheBookofAllah,thensaid: andthemembersofmyhousehold.Iremindyou
of(yourdutiesto)themembersofmyhousehold.Iremindyouof(yourdutiesto)themembersofmyhousehold. (Relatedby
MusliminhisSahihBookofHadith)ThefirstwasreportedontheauthorityofJabiribn`Abdullah(may
Allahbepleasedwithhim)andthesecondwasreportedontheauthorityof ZaydibnArqam(may
Allahbepleasedwithhim).TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Thebestamongyou(Muslims)are
thosewholearntheEverGloriousQuranandteachit. (RelatedbyAlBukhariinhisSahihBookofHadith)

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: "Hewhotreadsapathinsearchofknowledge,Allahwouldmakea
pathforhimleadingtoJannah(Paradise)andpeoplewhoassembleinoneofthehousesofAllah(mosques)torecitetheBookof
Allahandlearnandteachit(amongthemselves),tranquilitywilldescenduponthem,mercywillcoverthem,theangelswillsurround
them,andAllahwillmakeamentionoftheminthepresenceofthosenearHimandhewhoisslowpacedindoinggooddeeds,his
(high)descentwillnotmakehimgoahead." (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahihBookofHadithontheauthority
ofAbuHurayrahmayAllahbepleasedwithhim)

(PartNo:7,PageNo:72)

TherearemanytextsofHadithinthisrespect.

ThebestbooksaftertheEverGloriousQur'anarethebooksofHadith,suchastheTwoSahih
BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim),theFourBooksofSunan(Hadithcompilations
classifiedbyjurisprudentialthemes,i.e.AbuDawud,IbnMajah,AlTirmidhy,andAlNasa'y)
andotherauthenticHadithbooks.Halaqahs(learningcircles)shouldbeheldtoreciteand
teachtheEverGloriousQur'antopeople,studyHadithbooks,andhelppeopleunderstand
them.Thisshouldbedonebytheinsightfulandknowledgeablescholars,whoaretrustedfor
theirknowledgeandintegrity.

AmongtherecommendedbooksareRiyadAlSalihin,AlTarghibwalTarhib,AlWabilAl
Sayyib,`UmdatAlHadith,BulughAlMaram,MuntaqaAlAkhbar,andmanyotheruseful
Hadithbooks.

Ofthebestbookson`AqidaharethebookofAlTawhid,byImamMuhammadibn`AbdulWahhab(may
Allahbemercifulwithhim)anditsexplanationbyhisgrandsonsShaykh Sulaymanibn`Abdullahibn
MuhammadandShaykh`AbdulRahmanibnHasanibnMuhammadinthebooksentitledTaysirAl`AzizAl
HamidandFathAlMajid.

TherearealsoMajmu`atAlTawhidbyMuhammadibn`AbdulWahhab(mayAllahbemercifulwith
him)andKitabAlIman,AlQa`idahAlJalilahfilTawassulwalWasilah,Al`AqidahAl
Wasittiyah,AlTadmuriyyah,andAlHamawiyyahbyShaykhulIslamIbnTaymiyyah(mayAllahbe
mercifulwithhim).

TherearealsothebooksofZadAlMi`adfiHadyKhayrAl`Ibad,AlSawa`iqAlMursalah`ala
A lJahmiyyahwalMu`ttalah,Ijtima`AlJuyushAlIslamiyyah,AlQasidahAlNuniyyah,and
IghathatAlLahfanminMaka'idAlShaytanby

(PartNo:7,PageNo:73)

ShaykhIbnAlQayyim(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim).

TherearealsoSharhAlTahawiyyahbyIbnAbuAl`Iz,MinhajAlSunnahbyShaykhulIslam,Ibn
Taymiyyah,Iqtida'AlSiratAlMustaqimandAlTawhidbyIbnKhuzaymah,AlSunnahby`AbdullahibnAhmad,
A lI`tisambyAlShatbyandotherbooksofAhlulSunnahwalJama`ah(thoseadheringtothe
SunnahandtheMuslimmainbody)thathavebeenwrittentopointouttheir`Aqidah.

OfthebestbooksareFatwasofShaykhu lIslamIbnTaymiyyahandAlDurarAlSuniyyahfil
FatawaAlNajdiyyah,collectedbyShaykh`AbdulRahmanibnQasim(mayAllahbemercifulwith
him).

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Theninthquestion:

InsomeMuslimcommunities,peopleareusedtotellblasphemousorobscenejokes.Wewant
YourEminencetoshedlightonthismatterandtheattitudethatshouldbeadoptedbythe
seekersofknowledgeandcallerstoIslamtofacethisproblem.

Answer:

Nodoubtthattellingliesandwordsofdisbeliefwhenjokingisoneofthemostabominable
evils,whichbringsgreatharmifcirculatedamongpeopleintheirmeetings.Itisnecessaryto
bewareofthis,forAllah(ExaltedbeHe)warnsusagainstitinHisSaying: Ifyouaskthem(about
this),theydeclare:"Wewereonlytalkingidlyandjoking."Say:"WasitatAllh(),andHisAyt(proofs,evidence,verses,
lessons,signs,revelations)andHisMessenger()thatyouweremocking?" Makenoexcuseyoudisbelieved
afteryouhadbelieved.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:74)

ManyoftheSalaf(righteouspredecessors,mayAllahbemercifulwiththem)explainedthat
thisAyah(Qur'anicverse)wasrevealedconcerningsomepeoplewhosaidwhiletheywereina
journeywiththeProphet(peacebeuponhim),"Wehaveneverseenpeoplewholovetheir
stomachs,telllies,andarecowardlyinbattlesmorethantheseQuranreaders."Uponthat,
AllahrevealedthisAyahconcerningthem.Moreover,itwasauthenticallyreportedthatthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)said: Woetotheonewhospeaksandliesinordertomakepeoplelaughwoetothem,
woetothem. (RelatedbyAbuDawud,A lTirmidhy,andAlNasa'ywithanauthenticSanad(chainof
narrators))

Scholarsandallbelieversshouldavoidthisandwarnothersagainstitowingtothegreat
danger,corruptionandbadconsequencesthisinvolves.MayAllahguardusandallMuslims
fromthisandguideusandthemtoHisStraightPathindeedHeisAllHearerandResponsive.

www.ircpk.com

Thetenthquestion:

Ifinsinuationsandnotions,especiallyonTawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah)andIman
(Faith/belief),cometoaMuslim'smind,willtheybeaccountableforthis?

Answer:

ItwasauthenticallyreportedfromtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)inaHadith
relatedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)andother
BooksofHadiththathe(peacebeuponhim)said: AllahhasforgivenmyUmmah(nationbasedononecreed)
the(evil)thoughtsthatoccurtotheirminds,aslongassuchthoughtsarenotputintoactionoruttered. Moreover,itwas
authenticallyreportedthattheSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet,mayAllahbepleased
withthem)askedtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)regardingsuchinsinuationsandhe(peace
beuponhim)replied: ThatisthemanifestFaith. Besides,he(peacebeuponhim)said: Peoplewillkeep
onasking,untilthisissaid:"AllahcreatedthecreationwhothencreatedAllah?"Whoeverencountersanythinglikethat,letthemsay:
"IbelieveinAllahandHismessengers." Accordingtoanother

(PartNo:7,PageNo:75)

narration,he(peacebeuponhim)said: ...letthemseekrefugewithAllahandgiveupsuchthoughts. (Related


byMusliminhisSahihBookofHadith)

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Theeleventhquestion:

WhenseekersofknowledgeexerciseIjtihad(juristicefforttoinferexpertlegalrulings),some
ofthemopposesomethingwhichisMa`lumminaddinbiddarurah(wellestablishedreligious
matter).IsitpermissibletoexerciseIjtihadinsomethingwhichisMa`lumminaddin
biddarurah?Pleaseguideusregardingthisissue.

Answer:

ItisnotpermissibletoexerciseIjtihadinMa`lumminaddinbiddarurah,forwhichthereare
explicitproofsfromtheQur'an,Sunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet),orIjma`
(consensusofscholars)ofourSalaf(righteouspredecessors).Rather,Muslimscholars
unanimouslyagreethatitisWajib(obligatory)forMuslimstobelieveinMa`lumminaddin
biddarurah,actuponthem,andavoidallthatopposethem.Ontheotherhand,Ijtihadistobe
exercisedwithregardtodisputablematterswhoseproofsarenotmadecleareitherinthe
Qur'anortheSunnah.Concerningsuchdisputablematters,anyqualifiedscholarcanexercise
Ijtihadandifheexertshiseffortstruthfullyandsincerelytoattainthetruth,hewillreceivea
doublerewardifheiscorrectandhewillreceiveonerewardifheismistaken.Aproofforthe
foregoingisthefollowingHadithrelatedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.Al
BukhariandMuslim)ontheauthorityof`AmribnAl`As(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)who
narratedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Ifajudgegivesaverdictaccordingtothebestofhis
knowledgeandhisverdictiscorrect,hewillreceiveadoublerewardandifhegivesaverdictaccordingtothebestofhisknowledge
andhisverdictiswrong,eventhenhewillreceiveonereward.

Thetwelfthquestion:

WhatisrulingonwhoevercursesAllahorHisMessengerordegradesthem?Whatistheruling
onwhoeverdeniessomethingthatAllahhasmadeWajiborconsiderssomethingHalal
(lawful)thatAllahhasdeclaredasHaram(prohibited)?Pleaseprovideuswithadetailed
answerastheseevilshavewidelyspreadamongstmanypeople.

Answer:

WhoevercursesAllah(GlorifiedbeHe),theMessenger

(PartNo:7,PageNo:76)

Muhammad(peacebeuponhim),anyothermessenger,orIslambyanymeansordegradesor
mocksAllahorHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)isaKafir(disbeliever)andaMurtad
(apostate)incasetheyascribethemselvestoIslam.Muslimshaveunanimouslyagreedonthe
foregoingasAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Say:"WasitatAllh(),andHisAyt(proofs,
evidence,verses,lessons,signs,revelations)andHisMessenger()thatyouweremocking?" Makenoexcuse
youdisbelievedafteryouhadbelieved.

TheprominentscholarImamAbuAl`AbbasibnTaymiyyah(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)mentioned
detailedproofsforthisissueinhisbook"AlSarimAlMaslul`alaShatimAlRasul".Whoever
likestochecktheseproofscanrefertothisbook,whichisveryvaluableandwhoseauthor
(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)isdistinguishedforhisvastknowledgeofShar`y(Islamic
legal)proofs.

ThesamerulingmentionedabovealsoappliestowhoeverdeniessomethingMa`lumminad
dinbiddarurahthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasdeclaredasWajiborconsidersitHalalalthough
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)hasdeclaredthesameasHaram.OurSalaf,thus,agreedthatwhoever
deniestheobligationofperformingSalah(Prayer),payingZakah(obligatorycharity),
observingSawm(Fast)inRamadan,performingHajjwhileable,beingdutifultoparents,and
soon,isanapostateKafirincasethattheyascribethemselvestoIslam.Likely,whoever
regardsdrinkingKhamr(intoxicants),undutifulnesstoparents,usurpingpeople'swealthand
killingthemwithnovalidreason,consumingRiba(usury),andsoon,asHalalisanapostate
Kafir.Scholars(mayAllahbemercifulwiththem)discussedthisissueandotherissues
classifiedunderthenullifiersofIslamindetailinthechaptersdiscussingtherulingon
apostates.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:77)

Whoeverwantstoknowmoreregardingthisissuemayrefertothesechaptersinthebooksof
variousscholarsfromthe Hanbaly,Shafi`y,Maliky,HanafyandotherSchoolsofJurisprudencetogetthe
detailsthataresufficientInshaaAllah(ifAllahwills).

Nooneistobeexcusedonthepleaofbeingignorant,asthemattersmentionedaboveare
wellknownforMuslimsandtherulingsonthemareclearbothintheQur'anandtheSunnah. www.ircpk.com
MayAllahgrantussuccess!MaypeaceandblessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammadandhis
family!

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Thethirteenthquestion:

Today,practicingsorceryandconsultingsorcerershavespread.Whatistherulingondoing
so?Whatisthepermissiblewaytotreatabewitchedperson?

Answer:

Sorceryisoneofthemostabominableanddestructivesinsandisevenoneofthenullifiersof
Islam.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysinHisGloriousBook: TheyfollowedwhattheShaytn
(devils)gaveout(falselyofthemagic)inthelifetimeofSulaimn(Solomon).Sulaimndidnotdisbelieve,buttheShaytn(devils)
disbelieved,teachingmenmagicandsuchthingsthatcamedownatBabylontothetwoangels,HrtandMrt,butneitherofthese
two(angels)taughtanyone(suchthings)tilltheyhadsaid,"Weareonlyfortrial,sodisbelievenot(bylearningthismagicfromus)."
Andfromthese(angels)peoplelearnthatbywhichtheycauseseparationbetweenmanandhiswife,buttheycouldnotthusharm
anyoneexceptbyAllhsLeave.Andtheylearnthatwhichharmsthemandprofitsthemnot.Andindeedtheyknewthatthebuyersof
it(magic)wouldhavenoshareintheHereafter.Andhowbadindeedwasthatforwhichtheysoldtheirownselves,iftheybutknew.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:78)

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)saysinthisAyah(Qur'anicverse)thatthedevilsteachsorceryto
peopleandthattheyhavebecomedisbelieversowingtothisact.TheAyahalsostatesthat
whentheyteachapersonsorcery,theytellhimthattheyareteachingakindofdisbeliefand
thattheyareaFitnah(trial).

Allahexplainstousthatthosewholearnsorcerylearnnothingbutwhatcausesthemharm
andbringsthemnobenefitandthattheywillnothaveanyportionoftheblessingsofAllahin
theHereafter.

Amongtheevildoingsofsorcerers,accordingtotheAyah,isthattheycauseseparation
betweenamanandhiswife.However,theirharmdoesnottakeplaceexceptbyAllah's
Leave,thatis,sorceryactivatesonlybytheuniversalpredeterminedleaveofAllahnotbyHis
LegalWill.Formoreelaboration,itisafactthatnothinghappensintheuniverseexceptwith
apredeterminedleavefromAllahandnothingoccursinHisDominionsavewhatHe
predetermines.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsoexplainsthatsorcerycontradictsfaithandpiety.

ThissignifiesthatsorceryisakindofdisbeliefandmisguidanceandtakesoneoutofIslamif
thepersonpracticingitascribesthemselvestoIslam.ItwasreportedintheTwoSahih
(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)ontheauthorityofAbuHurayrah(may
Allahbepleasedwithhim)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Avoidthesevendestructivesins.
Thepeopleenquired,"OAllah'sMessenger!Whatarethey?"Hesaid,"Shirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship),
(practicing)sorcery,killinganyonewhomAllahhasforbiddenexceptforajustcause,consumingRiba(usury),eatingupanorphan's
wealth,fleeingfromthebattlefieldatthetimeoffighting,andaccusingthechastewomen,whonevereventhinkofanythingtouching
theirchastityandaregoodbelievers. Thus,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)clarifiedinthisauthentic
HadiththatShirkandsorceryareamongthesevendestructivesinsandthatShirkisthe
gravestsinwhilesorceryfallsunderitscategory.Thereupon,theMessenger(peacebeupon
him)mentioneditalongwithShirkowingtothefactthatsorcererscannotcarryoutsorcery
exceptbyworshippingdevilsanddrawingclosertothemby

(PartNo:7,PageNo:79)

meansofsayingDu`a'(supplication),offeringsacrificesandvows,seekingtheirhelp,andthe
like.

Itwasrelatedby A lNasa'y(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)ontheauthorityofAbuHurayrah(may
Allahbepleasedwithhim)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Whoevertiesaknotandblows
intoit(akindofsorcery)haspracticedsorceryandwhoeverpracticedsorceryhascommittedShirk.Whoeverwearsanobject(for
protectionsuchasanamuletortalisman)willbeleftinitscare. ThisHadithexplainsAllah'sSayinginSurahAl
Falaq: "Andfromtheevilofthosewhopractisewitchcraftwhentheyblowintheknots, Mufassirs(exegetesofthe
Qur'an)saidthattheAyahreferstothefemalesorcerers,whotieknotsandsaywordsof
ShirkonthemtodrawclosertoSatanwhowouldcarryouttheirrequestsandharmpeople.

Scholarsdisagreedregardingtherulingonsorcerers,whethertheyshouldbeaskedtorepent
andtheirrepentanceshouldbeacceptedortheyshouldbekilledinanycaseandshouldnot
beaskedforrepentanceiftheirpracticeofsorceryisproventrue.Infact,thesecondopinion
isthesoundest,sincetheexistenceofsorcerersbringsgreatharmanddangertotheIslamic
communityandtheirrepentanceisusuallynotsincere.Thesupportersofthisopinion
maintainedthat`Umar(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)gaveorderstokillthesorcerersanddid
notaskthemtorepentandhewasthesecondoftheRightlyGuidedCaliphswhomthe
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)orderedtofollowtheirway.Also,theyquotedasanother
supportingevidencethefollowingHadithrelatedbyAlTirmidhy(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)
ontheauthorityofJundubibn`AbdullahAlBajalyorJundubAlKhayrAlAzdyasMarfu`(aHadithnarrated
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fromtheProphetwithaconnectedordisconnectedchainofnarration)andMawquf(wordsor
deedsnarratedfromaCompanionoftheProphetthatarenotattributedtotheProphet): The
Had(ordainedpunishmentforviolatingAllahsLaw)ofthesorcererisstrikinghimwithasword. Inanothernarration,the
Hadithgoesonas: TheHadofthesorcererisonestrokewithasword. Thesoundestofthetwonarrationsis
thatitisaHadithMawqufreportedontheauthorityofJundub.

Moreover,itwasrelatedthatHafsah,theMotheroftheBelievers(mayAllahbepleasedwith
her),gaveorderstokillamaidofherswhobewitchedHafsah.Themaidwaskilledwithout
askinghertorepent.Also,ImamAhmad(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)said,"This(i.e.killing
thesorcererswithoutaskingthemtorepent)wasauthenticallyreportedfrom

(PartNo:7,PageNo:80)

threeoftheSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet)."Hemeant`Umar,Jundub,andHafsah.

Accordingly,itisevidentthatitisnotpermissibletoconsultsorcerersaboutanythingorto
believethem.Thisrulingappliestosorcerers,diviners,andsoothsayers.Inaddition,itis
obligatorytokillasorcererwhentheirpracticeofsorceryisproventrue,eitherbytheirown
confessionorthelegalevidence,withoutaskingthemtorepent.

SorceryistreatedwiththeShar`y(Islamicallylawful)Ruqyah(recitingQur'anandsaying
supplicationsoverthesickseekinghealing)andthepermissiblemedication.Themost
effectiveremedyinthetreatmentofabewitchedpersonistoreciteAlFatihahwhileblowing
airoverhimandAyatulKursy(theQuranicVerseofAllahsChair,SurahAlBaqarah,2:255)
aswellastheAyahsofthetreatmentofsorceryinSurahsAlA`raf,Yunus,andTaHa,and
SurahsAlKafirun,AlIkhlas,AlFalaqandAlNas.Itisrecommendedtorepeatthelastthree
SurahsthriceandtosaythefollowingfamousandauthenticDu`a'saidbytheProphet(peace
beuponhim)whentreatingthesick: OLordofthepeople!RemovethedifficultyandbringabouthealingasYouare
theHealer.ThereisnohealingbutYourHealing,ahealingthatwillleavenoailment. ThisDu`a'shallberepeated
thrice.

ThereisalsoausefulRuqyah,whichJibril(Gabriel)saidovertheProphet(peacebeupon
him).Itsays: IntheNameofAllah,Ireciteoveryoutohealyoufromeverythingthatharmsyou,andfromtheevilofevery
soul,andenviouseye.MayAllahcureyou.IntheNameofAllah,Ireciteoveryou. Itistoberepeatedthriceandit
willbeverybeneficialifAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)wills.

Anothermeansoftreatmentistoteartheobjectthoughttocarrysorcery,whichmaybea
pieceofwoolorsomemingledthreadsandthelike.Moreover,thebewitchedpersonshould
increasetheirrecitationofthesupplicationsforrefugeandprotection,suchassaying:"Iseek
refugewiththePerfectWordsofAllahfromtheevilofwhatHecreated,"whichshouldbesaid
thriceinthemorningandintheevening,inadditiontorecitingthethreeSurahsalready
referredtothreetimesaftertheFajr(Dawn)andMaghrib(Sunset)Prayers,and

(PartNo:7,PageNo:81)

AyatulKursyafterofferingSalah(Prayer)andwhengoingtosleep.

Itisrecommendedtosayinthemorningandintheevening: IntheNameofAllah,withwhomthereisno
harmwithHisNamefromanythingontheEarthorintheHeaven.AndHeistheAllHearingandtheAllKnowing threetimesas
authenticallyreportedtohavebeensaidbytheProphet(peacebeuponhim).Aboveall,one
shouldthinkgoodofAllahandhavefaiththatAllahistheOriginatorofthemeansandthatHe
AloneisAbletocurethesickifHewills.Supplicationsforrefugeandprotectionand
medicationarenothingbutmeansfortreatmentandAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)AloneistheOne
Whocuresthesick.Thereupon,weshoulddependonAllahandnotonthemeans,butbelieve
thatthesemeansmaybebeneficialbytheWillofAllahandmaybeuselessifAllahsowills.
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)hastheperfectwisdomineverything.Certainly,Allahhaspowerover
allthingsandHeistheAllKnowerofeverything.NoonecanpreventwhatHehasgrantedno
onecangivewhatHehaspreventedandnoonecanhinderwhatHehasdecreed.ToHim
belongsdominion,andtoHimbelongsallpraiseandHeisAbletodoallthingsandHeisthe
OneWhobringssuccess.

Thefourteenthquestion:

Wearelivingatanagefilledwithhypocrisyandhypocrites,whouseeverypossiblemeansto
fightIslamandMuslims.Please,clarifythedangerofhypocrisy,itstypes,andthe
characteristicsofhypocrites,andwarnMuslimsagainstthem.

Answer:

Hypocrisyisagreatdangerandtheevilsofhypocritesaregreat.Allahhasillustratedthe
characteristicsofhypocritesinHisGloriousBookinSurahAlBaqarahandotherSurahs.
Similarly,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)clarifiedtheircharacteristicsinhisHadith.Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)saysconcerningtheminSurahAlBaqarah: Andofmankind,therearesome(hypocrites)
whosay:"WebelieveinAllhandtheLastDay"whileinfacttheybelievenot. They(thinkto)deceiveAllhandthosewhobelieve,
whiletheyonlydeceivethemselves,andperceive(it)not! Intheirheartsisadisease(ofdoubtandhypocrisy)andAllhhas
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increasedtheirdisease.Apainfultormentistheirsbecausetheyusedtotelllies.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:82)

TherearealsotheAyahsfollowingthem.AllahalsosaysinSurahAlNisa': Verily,thehypocritesseek
todeceiveAllh,butitisHeWhodeceivesthem.AndwhentheystandupforAsSalt(theprayer),theystandwithlazinessandtobe
seenofmen,andtheydonotrememberAllhbutlittle. (Theyare)swayingbetweenthisandthat,belongingneithertothesenorto
Also,AllahmentionssomeotheroftheircharacteristicsinSurahAlTawbahandother
those
Surahs.

HypocritesclaimtoembraceIslamandadoptitsmorals,althoughthemoralstheyshow
contradictIslamandharmMuslims,asAllahhasexplainedintheseAyahsandotherAyahs.

Hypocrisyisdividedintohypocrisyinbeliefandhypocrisyinactions.

ThecharacteristicslistedabouthypocritesinSurahAlBaqarahandSurahAlNisa'dealwith
thefirstkindofhypocrisy.Indeed,thepractitionersofthiskindofhypocrisyaremore
disbelievingthantheJews,Christiansandworshipersofidolsowingtotheirgreatdangerand
thefactthattheirtruecharactersareunknownformanypeople.Allahhasexplainedthat
thosehypocriteswillbeinthelowestpartoftheFireontheDayofResurrection.

Asforthesecondkindofhypocrisy,itreferstopossessingsomeoftheapparent
characteristicsofthehypocrites,suchastellinglies,betraying,andabandoningthe
congregationalSalahinspiteofhavingbeliefinAllah,HisMessenger,andtheDayof
Resurrection.ItwasauthenticallyreportedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)thathesaid
aboutthecharacteristicsofthehypocrites: Threearethesignsofahypocrite:whenhespeaks,hetellsaliewhen
hemakesapromise,heactstreacherouslyandwhenheistrusted,hebetrays. Also,he(peacebeuponhim)said:

(PartNo:7,PageNo:83)

ThemostburdensomeSalahforthehypocritesarethe`Isha'(Night)PrayerandtheFajrPrayer.Iftheyweretoknowtheblessings
theyhaveinstore,theywouldhavecometothemevencrawling. TherearemanyHadithandAyahsinthis
regard.

Therefore,everybelievershouldbewarethecharacteristicsofthehypocritesattheirbest.
Themosthelpfulmeansinthisregardistocontemplatetheircharacteristicsasmentionedin
theQur'anandtheSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet).

IaskAllahtoguideusalltothebestunderstandingofHisReligion,keepusadheringfirmlyto
it,andprotectusagainsteverythingthatcontradictsHisShar`(Law)andagainstthe
imitationofHisenemiesintheirmoralsoracts,forHeistheBesttobesoughtforhelp.

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(PartNo:7,PageNo:84)

ImportantPieceofAdvicetotheIslamicUmmah

PraisebetoAllah,theLordoftheWorlds!Thebestoutcomewillbefortherighteous.MayAllah'sPeaceand
BlessingbeuponHisSlave,Messenger,IntimateFriend,HistrusteeovertherevelationandtheChosenOne
ofHisCreature,ourProphet,ImamandmasterMuhammadibn`Abdullah,onhishousehold,Sahabah
(CompanionsoftheProphet),andthosewhoadopthiswayandfollowhisguidanceuntiltheDayof
Judgment.

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)createdeverythingtoworshipHimAlonewithnopartnerswithHim(glorybetoHim)
andsentallMessengersforthisgreatmatter.He(GlorifiedbeHe)commandedHisslaveswiththisworship.
He(glorybetoHim)said, AndI(Allh)creatednotthejinnandmankindexceptthattheyshouldworshipMe(Alone). He
(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays, Omankind!WorshipyourLord(Allh),Whocreatedyouandthosewhowerebeforeyousothatyou
maybecomeAlMuttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosaid, Andverily,Wehavesent
amongeveryUmmah(community,nation)aMessenger(proclaiming):WorshipAllh(Alone),andavoid(orkeepawayfrom)Tght
(allfalsedeitiesi.e.donotworshipTghtbesidesAllh). Allah(mayHebePraised)alsosaid, AndWedidnotsendany
Messengerbeforeyou(OMuhammad)butWerevealedtohim(saying):LilhaillaAna[nonehastherighttobe
worshippedbutI(Allh)],soworshipMe(Aloneandnoneelse)."

AllahcreatedtheJinnandhumankindtoworshipHimAlonewithnopartnerwithhim.He(glorybetoHim)
sentMessengers(peacebeuponthem)inordertoillustratethisworshiptopeople.Inlightofthis,Ipresent
myadvicetoallMuslims,malesand

(PartNo:7,PageNo:85)

females,ArabsandnonArabs,andJinnandhumanbeings,tounderstandthisfact,namelytheworshipof
Allah,abidebyit,andapplyitinallthingsandmattersoflife.Theyshouldnotforsakeit,forthisisthe
characteristicofdisbelievers.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)said, Butthosewhodisbelieveturnawayfromthatwhereoftheyare
warned. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndwhodoesmorewrongthanhewhoisremindedoftheAyt(proofs,evidence,
verses,lessons,signs,revelations,etc.)ofhisLord,butturnsawayfromthem Indeed,thereisnomoreunjustthanthat
committedbythosewhoturnawayfromtheAyatofAllahandgoaloftheircreationobediencetoand
worshipofAllah.

AllMuslimsshouldunderstandthisfactandlearnitfromtheQur'anandtheauthenticSunnahundertakingit
byknowledgeandpractice.Similarly,allthenonMuslimsallovertheworldshouldsubmittoAllahi.e.
Islam,andlearntheworshipofAllahinthesameway.Thisisobligatoryoneveryaccountablepersonfrom
thejinnandmankind,behe/sheaMuslim,aJew,aChristian,anidolater,etc.Everyaccountableperson
amongtheJinnandmankindshouldworshipAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andacceptIslam.Theyhavetoadhere
tothereligionrevealedtoProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim).AllahsentHisProphetMuhammadto
thejinnandmankindArabsandnonArabs,malesandfemales.Allah(glorybetoHim)said, Say(O
Muhammad ) : "Omankind!Verily,IamsenttoyouallastheMessengerofAllh Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)alsosaid, AndWehavenotsentyou(OMuhammad)exceptasagiverofgladtidingsanda
warnertoallmankind

(PartNo:7,PageNo:86)

Allah(mayHebePraised)said, AndWehavesentyou(OMuhammad):notbutasamercyforthe

Alamn(mankind,jinnandallthatexists).

ThosewhohaveknowledgeshouldcallotherstoIslam.ThosewhorespondtothecallandacceptIslamgain
perfecthappiness,consummatemercy,ParadiseandsalvationfromHellwhereasthosewhoturnawayand
refusetoacceptthecallexperiencefailure,regret,badconsequence,andpainfultormentontheDayof
Judgment.ToworshipAllahistheunderlyingreasonforcreatingtheJinnandhumankind.This,i.e.the
worshipofAllah,isthepurportoftheword"Islam"inAllah'sSaying, Truly,thereligionwithAllhisIslm. Islam
isthereligionofAllahrevealedtoHisProphetMuhammad(peaceandblessingsbeuponhim)topromulgate
itanditismeantbytheword"religion"inAllah'sSaying, Thisday,Ihaveperfectedyourreligionforyou,completedMy
Favouruponyou,andhavechosenforyouIslmasyourreligion. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Truly,thereligionwith
AllhisIslm. ThesameisreiteratedwhenAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andwhoeverseeksareligion
otherthanIslm,itwillneverbeacceptedofhim,andintheHereafterhewillbeoneofthelosers.

ThisworshipisIslam.Islamiscalledworship,foritissubmissiontoAllahandhumilityandyieldingtoHim.
AMuslimobservesAllah'sOrdersandavoidHisProhibitionsoutofsubmissionandhumilitytoAllah.Thisis
Islamandthisisworship,asitisnothingbutsubmissiontoAllahandobservingHisOrders,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:87)

andavoidingHisProhibitionsoutoffirmbeliefinHim(mayHebeglorified),sinceritytoHim,glorificationof www.ircpk.com
Him,andhopingforHisRewardwhichisIslaminitsessence.TheArabicword"Islam"meanstoyieldand
obey,namely,toworshiphumblyandsubmissively.TheArabssay,TariqMu`abbadi.e.apavedroadthatis
troddenandbecamewellknown.Theyalsosay,JamalMu`abbadi.e.atamedcamelthathasbeenridden
andusedforcarryingweights.

Theword"`Ibadah"i.e.worship,signifieshumblenessandsubmission.Therefore,AllahcallsHis
Ordinances`Ibadah,fortheyareofferedwithhumblenessandsubmission.Healsocalledit'Islam'asthey
areofferedwithhumblenessandsubmission.Inaddition,theywereentitledasTaqwa(i.e.piousness)inHis
Sayings, butAlBirr(isthequalityoftheone)whofearsAllh. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Verily,theMuttaqn(the
pious.SeeV.2:2)willbeinGardens(Paradise),andDelight. AllahcalleditTaqwa,asMuslimsofferdifferentactsof
worshipinordertosavehimselffromtheWrathandPunishmentofAllahwhilesubmitting,humbling,
hopingforAllah'sMercy,fearingHisPunishment,andseekingprotectionwherebyfromthebad
consequence.Onthisbasis,thereligionofAllahwasnamedasTaqwa.OneofthedesignationsofAllah's
ReligionisIman(i.e.faith)owingtothat.IslamisnothingbuthavingfaithinAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)andHis
Messenger(peacebeuponhim).Allahsaid, Therefore,believeinAllhandHisMessenger(Muhammad
)andintheLight(thisQurn)whichWehavesentdown. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!Believe
inAllh,andHisMessenger(Muhammad) Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Allhhaspromisedthe
believers,menandwomen,Gardensunderwhichriversflow Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: and(asfor)thebelievers,it
wasincumbentuponUstohelp(them).

(PartNo:7,PageNo:88)

`IbadahandIslamareequivalentstoIman,forImanincludesbelievinginAllahandHisMessengerand
havingfaithinwhatAllahandHisMessengerinformedofandinAllah'sCommandmentsandProhibitions.
Onthisgrounds,thereligionwasnamedasIman.AnothernameisHuda(i.e.guidance)asAllahsaveswith
itfrommisguidanceandguideswithittothecausesofhappinessandwhoeverstickstoitandseeksthe
truthwillbesavedfromtrials,evil,andcorruption.Allah(mayHebeExaltedandGlorified)said, whereas
therehassurelycometothemtheGuidancefromtheirLord! HudaintheseAyahs(Qur'anicVerses)referstothe
religionofAllah,namelyIslam,ImanandTaqwa.TheyallaresomeofthenamesofIslamandallofthem
arerightandtheirmeaningsareclear.IslamisaguidancefromAllahwhodirectspeoplebyfulfillingHis
Right,abandoningmisdeeds,observingHisCommandsandavoidingHisProhibitions.He(glorybetoHim)
said, whereastherehassurelycometothemtheGuidancefromtheirLord! AndHe(ExaltedbeHe)saidinSurahA l
Fatihah,thegreatestSurahintheQur'an, GuideustotheStraightWay. DescribingHisProphet(peacebeupon
him),Allahsays: Andverily,you(OMuhammad)areindeedguiding(mankind)totheStraightPath(i.e.
AllhsReligionofIslmicMonotheism).

ThereligionofAllahpreventsfrommisguidanceandeveryevilandguidestoeverygoodnessandhigh
moralstandardsandthebestofdeeds.ItdirectsonetoeverythingthatpleasesAllah(glorybetoHim)and
drawsoneneartoHim.ItkeepsoneawayfromAllah'sWrathandPunishment.OneofthenamesofIslamis
Birr(i.e.righteousness).Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)said, butAlBirr(isthequalityoftheone)whofearsAllh. Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Verily,theAbrr(thepiousbelieversofIslamicMonotheism)willbeinDelight(Paradise) Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: butAlBirris(thequalityof)theonewhobelievesinAllh,theLastDay Itisnamedsoowing
towhat

(PartNo:7,PageNo:89)

itcontainsofthegoodhabitsanddeedsofferedforthesakeofAllah.Furthermore,itimpliesobedienceto
Allah,fulfillmentofHisRights,andavoidanceofHisProhibitions.TheseareallnamesofthereligionIslam,
Birr,Huda,ImanandTaqwa.Accordingly,allthejinnandmankindwhetherMuslimsornonMuslimsshould
adoptit.Thosewhohavealreadyadopteditshouldsticktoandlearnitwhilethosewhodidnotembraceit
yetarerequiredtoadoptitandtoreturntoAllahinrepentanceofwhattheyalreadydidoffalsehood.They
shouldbelieveinIslamwhichisembodiedinobediencetoAllahandHisMessenger,sinceritytoHim,
establishingTawhid(OnenessofAllah)throughavoidingShirk(ascribingpartnerstoAllahinworship),
fulfillingHisRightandadheringtoHisreligionIslam,Birr,Taqwa,HudaandIman.

Infact,IslamisthereligionofAllahwithwhichHe(GlorifiedbeHe)senttheMessengers(peacebeupon
them)andrevealedthebooksinordertocallforit.AllahrevealedtheGloriousQur'anwiththisaimandthe
authenticSunnahoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsoaimsatthis.Thegreatestandmostobligated
dutyistoknowthisfactandknowthereligionofAllahtoworshipAllahAlonewhichisthemeaningofthe
twodeclarationsoffaith,namely,therenooneworthyofworshipbutAllahandthatMuhammadisAllah's
Messenger.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)calledpeopleandguidedthemtothisfact.He(peacebeupon
him)said, IhavebeenorderedtofightagainstthepeopleuntiltheytestifythatnonehastherighttobeworshippedbutAllahand
thatIamtheMessengerofAllah. AndHe(peacebeuponhim)said, Ihavebeenorderedtofightagainstthepeopleuntil
theytestifythatnonehastherighttobeworshippedbutAllah.Iftheysayit,thentheysavetheirlivesandpropertyfrommeunless
otherwiselegallyrequired. Whoevertestifies,outoffaith,willobservetheotherpillarsandtherebyhe/she
admitshim/herselftoworship,whichisthemissionforwhichheiscreated.Therefore,he/sheshouldabide
bythedeclarationsoffaithandbelieveinallthatAllahandHisMessengertoldabout

(PartNo:7,PageNo:90)

theprecedingMessengersandtherevealedBooksaswellaswhatAllahsaidinHisBookaboutParadise,
Hell,theLastDay,andallofthisisincludedintheconceptof`IbadahandIman.Thecalltoestablishing
Tawhidis,infact,acalltotheentirereligionasthepersonwhobelievesintheOnenessofAllahand www.ircpk.com
becomesdevotedtohimisrequiredtofulfillwhatAllahprescribedonhimandtoavoidwhatAllahforbids.
Thedutiesandtheprohibitionsarebranchesandintegratedpartstothisbasis.Themostrequired,premier,
andmostimportantthingistoestablishTawhidanddevotiontoAllah,andtoavoidShirk.Owingtothis
importanceandstatus,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)startedwiththesemattersinMakkahandother
places.He(peacebeuponhim)usedtocallpeopletothesemattersatfirstalongwithbelievinginhimas
Allah'sMessenger.Afterthat,hewouldtellthemaboutothermattersofIslamsuchasSalah(prayer)and
otheractsofworship.

Whenhe(peacebeuponhim)sentMu`adh(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)toYemen,he(peacebeuponhim)
saidtoMu`adh, YouwillgotoagroupfromthePeopleoftheBook,socallthemtotestifythatthereisnooneworthyofworship
butAllahandthatIamtheMessengerofAllah. Anothernarrationmentions, InvitethemtoworshipAllahalone.Iftheyobey
youindoingso,tellthemthatAllahhasenjoineduponthemfiveprayersduringthedayandnight. TheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)orderedhimtocallthematfirsttoestablishTawhid,devotiontoHim,seekingHimAlonewith
worship,andavoidingShirk.Accordingly,thisisthefirstdutyanditis,inthemeantime,theworshipfor
whichAllahcreatedpeople.He(ExaltedbeHe)said, AndI(Allh)creatednotthejinnandmankindexceptthatthey
shouldworshipMe(Alone).

(PartNo:7,PageNo:91)

TheAyah(Qur'anicVerse)athandimpliesthatthepurposeofthecreationoftheJinnandmankindisto
establishtheOnenessofAllahandofferobediencetoAllahandavoidsins.Thisistheworshipforwhich
theywerecreated.ThemostimportantoftheactsofworshipistoseekAllahAlonewithworshipand
believethatHeistheOneandOnlyWhodeservestobeworshippedwithoutanyoneotherthanHim.He
(GlorifiedbeHe)said, AndyourIlh(God)isOneIlh(GodAllh),LilhaillaHuwa(thereisnonewhohastherighttobe
worshippedbutHe),theMostGracious,theMostMerciful. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Soknow(OMuhammad
)that,Lilhaillallh(nonehastherighttobeworshippedbutAllh)

Thereupon,Tawhidisthefirstandmostimportantobligation.Apersonshouldbelievethathe/sheisAllah's
slave,seekHimAlonewithworshipandhavefirmfaiththatHeistheTruthfulGodinadditiontobelievingin
HisMessengerMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)andtestifyingthathe(peacebeuponhim)isAllah'sLast
MessengertotheJinnandhumankind.OneshouldalsobelieveinallthatwasrevealedtotheProphet(peace
beuponhim).ThisisthemostimportantofallIslamicfundamentalsandthedutythatisrequiredonevery
accountablepersonfromtheJinnandhumankind.Alltheaccountablepeoplefromthejinnandhumankind
shouldworshipAllahAloneandbelievethatnooneisworthyofworshipbuthim,thatMuhammadisAllah's
LastMessenger.Theyshouldalsobelievethateverythingrevealedtohimisthetruth.Itisnecessaryto
followinhisfootstepsuntilonemeetshisLord(glorybetoHim).Thisistheworshipforwhichpeopleare
createdanditisTaqwa,Iman,Islam,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:92)

andBirr.Allthesearejustnamesthatstandforonemeaning,namely,thereligionofAllah,thereligionof
guidance,piousness,righteousness,faith,andworshipofAllahAlone.Allthesemeaningsareinvolvedin
thisreligion.ThereligionofAllahiscalled`Ibadahasitincludessubmission,humblenessto,andTaqwaof
Allah,fortheslaveofAllahfearsAllah'sWrath.ItalsoincludesIman,asitisnothingbuthavingfaithinall
thatAllahandHisMessengerinformedof,Huda(guidance)forAllahguidespeoplewithittogoodnessand
uprightness,andBirr(righteousness)foritincludeseverygoodnessandisthecauseofhappiness.Allahsaid
assuringthesemeanings, Verily,theMuttaqn(thepious.SeeV.2:2)willbeinGardens(Paradise),andDelight. Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Verily,fortheMuttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2)areGardensofdelight(Paradise)withtheirLord.
Indeed,thosewhorealizedTaqwaamongMuslimsarethebelieverswhoworshippedAllah(glorybeto
Him)andfulfilledthemeaningofHisSaying, AndI(Allh)creatednotthejinnandmankindexceptthattheyshould
worshipMe(Alone).

Theydeservethistitleoutoftheirpiety,fulfillingAllah'sRight,sinceritytoHim,believinginHimandHis
MessengerMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)andinwhatAllahandHisMessengersaidintheGloriousBook
andtheSunnahofHisHonestProphet(peacebeuponhim).Islamisnotcompleteunlessthesethingsare
fulfilledinadditiontothedeclarationoffaithandthebeliefthatthereisnooneworthyofworshipbutAllah
whereasotherthingsthatareworshippedwithAllaharenothingbutfalsehood.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)said,
ThatisbecauseAllhHeistheTruth(theonlyTrueGodofallthatexists,WhohasnopartnersorrivalswithHim),andwhatthey
(thepolytheists)invokebesidesHim,itisBtil(falsehood).

Moreover,itisnecessarytobelieveinallthatAllahandHisMessengersaidabouttheeventsofthepastand
thefutureincludingtheaccountsoftheprecedingProphets,Paradise,Hell,Doomsday,theReckoning,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:93)

therewardofthebelievers,thepunishmentofthedisbelievers,etc.Inotherwords,everythingthatis
mentionedintheQur'anorprovedtobesaidbytheProphet(peacebeuponhim)accordingtoone's
knowledgeoneshouldhavefaithin.Afterthat,oneisrequiredtobelieveintheTruthbroughtbyProphet
Muhammad,havefirmbeliefintheOnenessofAllah,sinceritytoHim,andtobelieveinAllah'sNamesand
AttributesacceptingthemasreportedbyAllahandHisMessengerwithoutTakyif(questioningAllah's
Attributes),Tahrif(distortionofthemeaning),orTamthil(likeningAllah'sAttributestothoseofHis
Creation)whichisthebeliefofAhlulSunnahwalJama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslim
mainbody).Afterthat,oneshouldobservewhatAllahenjoinsonHisslavesofactsofworshipsuchasSalah
(Prayer),Zakah(ObligatoryCharity),Sawm(Fasting),Hajj(Pilgrimage),etc.andabidebywhatAllahand www.ircpk.com
HisMessengerorderedandstayawayfromwhattheyforbid.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)said, Omankind!Bedutiful
toyourLord ThisisanaddresstotheJinnandhumankind,ArabsandnonArabs,disbelieversandbelieversas
well.TheAyahmeanstofearAllahthroughfulfillingHisCommandsandavoidingHisProhibitionsoutof
seekingHisPleasure,takingcautionfromHisPunishment,andfearingAllahatalltimes.

Allah(mayHebeExaltedandGlorified)said, Omankind!WorshipyourLord(Allh),Whocreatedyouandthosewhowere
beforeyousothatyoumaybecomeAlMuttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2). ItisnecessarytoworshipAllahalonesincerely
andtruthfullyobservingHisOrdersandavoidingHisProhibitions.InsomeAyahs,Allahcommandsthe
believersinparticularsaying, Oyouwhobelieve!BeafraidofAllh ThiscalltakesplaceinmanyAyahs,asthe
believersincludedinthecommandmenttohavepiousness.Theyaremoreentitledwiththiscommandment
thanothersowingtothefactthattheybelieveinAllahandHisMessenger.Therefore,theyshouldperfect
thisfaithandabidebyit

(PartNo:7,PageNo:94)

untildeathjustasAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)saidtoHisProphet(peacebeuponhim), AndworshipyourLorduntil
therecomesuntoyouthecertainty(i.e.death). He(ExaltedbeHe)said, Oyouwhobelieve!FearAllh(bydoingallthatHe
hasorderedandbyabstainingfromallthatHehasforbidden)asHeshouldbefeared.[ObeyHim,bethankfultoHim,andremember
Himalways],anddienotexceptinastateofIslm[asMuslims(withcompletesubmissiontoAllh)].

Inlightofthis,itisobligatoryuponalegallyaccountableMuslimtoadheretoIslamandobservepietyand
obediencetoAllahuntildeath.Asforthedisbeliever,heshouldembraceIslamandtaketheinitiativetodo
thisbeforedeath.ThisisbecauseIslamisthereligionofAllahrevealedtoMuhammadandallMessengers
(peacebeuponthem).Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)said, Truly,thereligionwithAllhisIslm. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)
alsosays: AndwhoeverseeksareligionotherthanIslm,itwillneverbeacceptedofhim,andintheHereafterhewillbeoneof
thelosers. TheProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)isAllah'sMessengertoalltheinhabitantsonearth
theArabsandnonArabs,Jinnandhumans.He(peacebeuponhim)isthesealofProphetsand
Messengers.Consequently,alldisbelieverswhetherJews,Christians,andothersshouldembraceIslamand
abidebyitsteachingsfromthetimewhenAllahsenthimuntiltheLastday.Moreover,allthejinnand
humansshouldworshipAllahAloneandadheretoHisShari`ah,whichisIslamrevealedtoProphet
Muhammad(maypeaceandblessingsbeuponhim)asstatedpreviouslyinAllah'sSaying, Say(OMuhammad
):"Omankind!Verily,IamsenttoyouallastheMessengerofAllh AndinHisSaying, AndWehavenot
sentyou(OMuhammad)exceptasagiverofgladtidingsandawarnertoallmankind AndinHisSaying,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:95)

AndWehavesentyou(OMuhammad):notbutasamercyfortheAlamn(mankind,jinnandallthatexists).
AllahpromisedthosewhobelieveinHimandworshipHimtograntthemsalvation,happiness,andsuccess.
He(GlorifiedbeHe)said, Sothosewhobelieveinhim(Muhammad),honourhim,helphim,andfollowthe
light(theQurn)whichhasbeensentdownwithhim,itistheywhowillbesuccessful.

ThosewhowillbethesuccessfularethefollowersoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)whoadheretoHis
Shari`ahandreligion.ItbecomesknownthatthemostimportantobligationistoworshipAllah,whichisthe
purposeofthecreationandthecommandmentofAllah.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: AndI(Allh)created
notthejinnandmankindexceptthattheyshouldworshipMe(Alone). AndinHisSaying, Omankind!WorshipyourLord(Allh)
Allahdoesnotcreatepeopletoeat,drink,buildpalaces,planttrees,copulate,etc.butthereisagreat
wisdombehindthecreationnamelyworshippingAllah,continuousobediencetoHim,andfollowingHis
Messenger(peacebeuponhim).Oneshouldpayattentiontoandabidebyitandknowthateverythingon
EarthiscreatedfortheslavesofAllahtomakeuseofthemintheserviceofworshippingAllahandavoiding
theevildeeds,nottobeutilizedintheserviceofone'sdesiresandlusts.Allah(glorybetoHim)said, Heitis
Whocreatedforyouallthatisonearth.

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andhassubjectedtoyouallthatisintheheavensandallthatisintheearth Allahdoes


notcreatepeopleaimlesslyorinvain.Hesaid, Doesmanthinkthathewillbeleftneglected(withoutbeingpunishedor
rewardedfortheobligatorydutiesenjoinedbyhisLordAllhonhim)? Hemeansthatsomepeoplemaythinkthat

(PartNo:7,PageNo:96)

theyaretobeleftoutandneglectedwithoutdutybutthefactisthattheyarecreatedforagreatpurpose.
ThatistoworshipandobeyAllah.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)said,criticizingthedisbelievers, "DidyouthinkthatWe
hadcreatedyouinplay(withoutanypurpose),andthatyouwouldnotbebroughtbacktoUs?" Allahhasblamedthemforthis
kindofthoughtforitisfalse.

He(ExaltedbeHe)said, AndWecreatednottheheavenandtheearthandallthatisbetweenthemwithoutpurpose!Thatis
theconsiderationofthosewhodisbelieve!Thenwoetothosewhodisbelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)fromtheFire! Thisisthe
considerationofthedisbelievers.However,AllahclarifiedinthepreviousAyahthatHecreatedtheheavens
andtheearthwiththetruthsothatpeoplewillknowHimandHisGloriousOmnipotenceandthatHeisThe
OneWhodeservestobeworshipped.OneshouldknowhisLordbyHisNames,Attributes,andgreat
creaturesandknowthatHeistheOnlyOneWhodeservestobeworshipped,andthenactaccordingly.Most
ofthedisbelieversknowthatAllahistheirLord,Creator,andProviderbuttheydonotworshipHimAlone
andascribeotherstoHiminWorship.Consequently,theywillbeadmittedintoHell.
www.ircpk.com
So,oneshouldknowhislord,sincerelyworshipHimAlone,andfulfillHisRightandnotascribeothersto
Himinworshipordisobeyhim.AccordingtothefollowingAyah,thedisbelieversofQurayshandotherswere
awareoftheirLord,theCreator,theProvider.Allahsays, Andifyouaskthemwhocreatedthem,theywillsurelysay:
Allh. But,theydisbelievedowingtotheirassociatingotherstoHiminworship,worshippingidols,and
Awliya'(piouspeople)alongwithHim,anddisobeyingtheProphet(peacebeuponhim),andbelyinghim.
Therefore,theybecamedisbelievers.Indeed,oneshouldbelievethathe/shehasaLordWhoistheTrueGod
andatruthfullyWorshippedOneandtohavefirmfaithin

(PartNo:7,PageNo:97)

HisNames,HisAttributesasbefitsHimwithnoTahrif(distortionofthemeaning),Ta`til(denialofAllah's
Attributes),Tashbih(comparison),Tamthil(likeningAllah'sAttributestothoseofHisCreation),Takyif
(questioningAllah'sAttributes).Inaddition,oneshouldbelievetheTruththeProphet(peacebeuponhim)
brought.

Then,apersonisrequiredtofulfillAllah'sRightincludingSalah,Sawm,andotheractsofworship,and
avoidsinssuchasShirkandotherkindsofmisdeeds.TawhidandworshippingAllahistheaimofcreation.
Consequently,everyoneshouldbelievethatAllahistheLord,theCreator,theProvider,andtheLordand
Possessorofeverything.Oneshoulddevoteallactsofworshipsuchassupplication,fear,hope,
slaughtering,vowing,Salah,Sawm,etc.,toAllahalone.Allah(glorybetoHim)said, AndyourLordhasdecreed
thatyouworshipnonebutHim. Allah(glorybetoHim)alsosaid, Andtheywerecommandednot,butthattheyshould
worshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim) Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays:
You(Alone)weworship,andYou(Alone)weaskforhelp(foreachandeverything).

Thismatterisofgreatimportancei.e.toseekAllahwiththeactsofworshipsuchasSalah,Sawm,
slaughtering,vowing,supplication,fear,hope,etc.alongwithbelievinginHisMostBeautifulNamesand
HonorableAttributesmentionedintheGloriousQur'anandtheauthenticSunnahofAllah'sMessenger
(peacebeuponhim)inamannerthatbefitsAllahwithoutTahrif,Ta`til,Takyif,orTamthil.Thisistheway
oftheSalaf(therighteouspredecessors)oftheMuslims

(PartNo:7,PageNo:98)

includingtheSahabah(Companions)oftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andthosewhofollowedthem
righteouslyfrom A h lu lSunnahwalJama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody).Allthesepeople
believedthatAllahistheirLord,Creator,andtheTruthfulWorshippedOneandbelievedinHisNamesand
Attributes.

ThesearethethreedivisionsofTawhid:TawhidulRububiyyah(OnenessofAllah'sLordship),Tawhidul
Uluhiyyah(OnenessofWorship),andTawhidulAsma'walSifat(OnenessofAllah'sNamesandAttributes).

Tawhidu lRububiyyahmeanstobelievethatAllahistheCreatorandtheSustainerwhomanagestheaffairs
oftheworld.ItisworthmentioningthatthedisbelieversadmitsobuttheyarenotregardedasMuslims
owingtothefactthattheydidnotworshipAllahAlonebutassociatedotherswithHim.

ThesecondcategoryisTawhidAlUluhiyyahwhichiscalledTawhidAl`Ibadah(OnenessofWorship).Itis
mainlyrepresentedinthedeclarationoffaith,(i.e.LaIlahIllaAllah)whichmeansthatnooneistruthfully
worthyofworshipbutAllah.ItisextremelyrequiredandoneshouldrealizesinceritytoAllahinhis/her
sayings,actions,anddoctrine.OneshouldassigntheactsofworshiptoAllahAloneandbelievethatHeis
theTruthfulWorshippedOneandthatnonebutHimistobeworshippedevenifheisaProphetoranyone
else.ThethirdcategoryofTawhidistobelieveinAllah'sNamesandAttributes.Allahsaid, And(all)theMost
BeautifulNamesbelongtoAllh,socallonHimbythem ManshouldbelieveinAllah'sNamesandAttributesand
worshipHimbythem.ThisisattainablebydenyingTashbih,TamthilandTahrifaswellasobservingorders
andavoidingprohibitions.OneshouldbelieveinthisprincipleatfirstandthenfollowtheShari`ah,abiding
byordersandavoidingtheprohibitionsonafirmbasisoffaith,knowledge,insight,truthfulnessand
sincerity.AllahexpressedthiswhenorderingustohavefaithanddorighteousdeedsinotherAyahs.He
usedthewordIman,`IbadahandIslamreferringtoHisreligion.Hesaid, AndI(Allh)creatednotthejinnand
mankindexceptthattheyshouldworshipMe(Alone). Allahalsosays, Omankind!WorshipyourLord(Allh)

(PartNo:7,PageNo:99)

Aswesaidpreviously,AllahcalledhisreligionIslamor`IbadahfortheactsofworshipinIslamaretobe
offeredwithutmosthumblenessandsubmission.HealsoreferredtoitbythewordTaqwa(piousness)
owingtothatoneabidesbyitfearinghisLordandHisPunishment.Also,He(glorybetoHim)calledhis
religionImanbecauseapersonobservestheactsofthisreligionnotoutofdoubtandsuspicionbutoutof
faithandtruthfulnessbelievingthatAllahAloneisHislordandtheOneWhodeservestobeworshippedand
thatHeisworthyofworship.ThereligionofAllahisalsonamedAlBirr,forithasgreatgoodnessand
happiness.ItisalsonamedHuda(guidance)owingtowhatithasofguidance.Itdirectstogoodnessand
causeshappiness.InotherAyahs,AllahreferredtothesemeaningsusingImanandrighteousdeeds.Allah
said, Verily,thosewhobelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,forthemareGardensofDelight(Paradise).

Thebelieversarethosewhodorighteousactsandaccordinglytheymaybecalledthepiouspeople,Muslims,
andrighteouspeopleastheyworshippedAllahasheshouldbeworshipped.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)said,
Verily,thosewhobelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,forthemareGardensofDelight(Paradise). Allah
referredtothemasMuttaqun(piouspeople)inhissaying, Verily,theMuttaqn(thepious.SeeV.2:2)willbein www.ircpk.com
Gardens(Paradise),andDelight. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Verily,fortheMuttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2)are
Gardensofdelight(Paradise)withtheirLord.AllahcalledthemAlAbrar(righteouspersons),thederivativeofBirr
(righteousness)inHisSaying, Verily,theAbrr(thepiousbelieversofIslamicMonotheism)willbeinDelight(Paradise)
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Nay!Verily,theRecord(writingofthedeeds)ofAlAbrr(thepiousbelieversofIslamic
Monotheism)is(preserved)in Illiyyn AllofthesearenamesoftheworshippersofAllah.TheyarenamedAl
Muttaqun,AlAbrar,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:100)

thebelievers,Muslims,andthosewhoworshippedAllahAlone.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)said, Allhhaspromised
thoseamongyouwhobelieveanddorighteousgooddeeds,thatHewillcertainlygrantthemsuccessionto(thepresentrulers)inthe
land,asHegrantedittothosebeforethem,andthatHewillgrantthemtheauthoritytopractisetheirreligionwhichHehaschosenfor
them(i.e.Islm).AndHewillsurelygivetheminexchangeasafesecurityaftertheirfear(provided)they(believers)worshipMeand
donotassociateanything(inworship)withMe.

ThosewhobelievedinAllahanddidrighteousdeedsarepromisedvictory,supportandsuccessiononEarth.
TheyarethetrueMuslimswhoworshipAllah,adheretoHisReligion,fearHim,andtheirfacesarehumbled
forHim.ThedescriptionsarenumerousanddesignatingoneessencetheguidedbelievingMuslimswho
fearAllah.ThosewhoobeyAllahandHisMessengeranddevotetheactsofworshiptoHim.Theytruly
believeinAllah,professedtheirfaiththatHeistheirLordandWorshippedOne.TheythusabidebyHis
Shari`ah.InthefollowingAyahs,Allahcalledthembelievers, Allhhaspromisedthebelievers,menandwomen,
Gardensunderwhichriversflow ThesameismentionedwhenAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says: and(asfor)thebelievers,it
wasincumbentuponUstohelp(them). TheyarethosewhobelieveanddorighteousdeedsasinHisSaying, "Verily
thosewhobelieve(intheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)anddorighteousdeeds,shallhavetheGardensofAlFirdaus
(Paradise)fortheirentertainment.

RighteousdeedsareincludedinIman(faith)forImanimpliesbothsayingsandactions.Itreferstothis
meaningwhenusedingeneral.Imanincreasesbyformsofobedienceanddecreasesbysins.Therefore,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:101)

AllahcalledHisReligionasIman.He(mayHebeExaltedandGlorified)said, Allhhaspromisedthebelievers,
menandwomen,Gardensunderwhichriversflow And and(asfor)thebelievers,itwasincumbentuponUstohelp(them). The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)said, Faithhasoverseventybranchesoroversixtybranches,themostexcellentofwhichisthe
declarationthatthereisnoneworthyofworship(intruth)butAllah,andthehumblestofwhichistheremovalofwhatisharmfulfrom
apath.Modestyisabranchoffaith.

Allah'sreligionisIman,Islam,Guidance,Righteousness,andPiety.Oneshouldtakethesedesignationsinto
considerationandnotbeconfusedbythinkingthatthisdifferencechangesthemeaning.Indeed,allofthem
areonethingbutthewordschangeaccordingtothecontext.ThereligionofAllahrevealedtoHis
Messengers(peacebeuponthem)andthelastProphetandMessengerMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)is
IslamwhichisequaltoIman(faith),Huda(guidance),Birr(righteousness),Taqwa(piousness)andthe
righteousdeed.Oneshouldunderstandthiswell.

IadviseeveryonetolearnthereligionofIslam,abidebyit,andadheretoituntildeath,foritisthewayof
salvation,happiness,andvictory.Whoeverseekssalvation,victoryinthislife,honorinthehereafter,
paradise,securityinthislife,andhappinessinthehereaftershouldabidebythisreligion,andadheretoit.I
exhortallMuslimgovernmentstofearAllahandhavetruthfuladherencetoIslam,nottobesatisfiedwith
claimingtobeMuslims.TheyshouldobligetheirpeoplewithworshippingAllahAlone

(PartNo:7,PageNo:102)

andkeepingthemawayfromworshippinggraves,idols,stones,trees,andthelikecreatures.Thisisbecause
worshipistherightofAllahAloneandnoonemaybeworshippedwithHim,beitanangel,aProphet,Al
Siddiq,`Umar,`Uthman,`Aly(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem),ortheProphet'shousehold,AlBadawy,AlHusayn,`Abdul
QadirAlJilanyoranyotherpeople.

WorshipistherightofAllahAlone.Itisnotpermissibletodedicateanyactofworshiptoanyoneotherthan
Him.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)said, ThatisbecauseAllh,HeistheTruth,andthatwhichtheyinvokebesidesHimisAlBtil
(falsehood,Satanandallotherfalsedeities) Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Andtheywerecommandednot,butthatthey
shouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim) TherearemanyAyahsin
thisregard.

Infact,itisobligatoryuponalltheaccountableonesamongthejinnandmankindtoworshipAllahAlone.
TherightofAllah'sMessengersistobefollowed,believedin,andlovedforthesakeofAllah.Everynation
shouldfollowitsProphet.AllpeopleafterthedeathoftheProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)are
requiredtofollowwhatisrevealedtohim(peacebeuponhim),abidebyit,andbelieveinallthatAllahand
HisMessengermentionedabouttheprecedingandthecomingevents.ThisnationoftheProphet
Muhammad(peacebeuponhim)shouldsticktothereligionofAllahrevealedtohisProphet(peacebeupon
him)andadheretotheQur'anandtheauthenticSunnahinwordsanddeedsreferringtotheIslamic
Shari`ahforjudgment.

ThisisobligatoryuponallMuslimsandallMuslimcountries.Theyallhaveadheretothis,judgeaccordingto
Allah'sShari`ah,andenforceAllah'slimitsinHisland.Thisistheirduty.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: But www.ircpk.com
no,byyourLord,theycanhavenoFaith,untiltheymakeyou(OMuhammad)judgeinalldisputesbetweenthem,
andfindinthemselvesnoresistanceagainstyourdecisions,andaccept(them)withfullsubmission.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:103)

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Dotheythenseekthejudgementof(thedaysof)Ignorance?Andwhoisbetterinjudgement
thanAllhforapeoplewhohavefirmFaith. ThereisnothingbetterthanthejudgmentofAllahwhichleadsto
happiness,security,andvictoryinthislifeandinthehereafter.Thoseinauthorityshouldcalltothe
judgmentofAllahandsticktoit.Likewise,everyMuslimshouldabidebytherulingofAllahandbesatisfied
withit.Allah(glorybetoHim)said, Allhhaspromisedthoseamongyouwhobelieveanddorighteousgooddeeds,thatHe
willcertainlygrantthemsuccessionto(thepresentrulers)intheland

ThisisconditionalonworshippingAllah,doingrighteousdeeds,abidingbytherulingofAllah,andadhering
toitinwordanddeed.Consequently,AllahwillgrantthemsuccessiononEarth,support,andvictory.Allah
(mayHebeExaltedandGlorified)said, Oyouwhobelieve!Ifyouhelp(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,andmake
yourfootholdfirm. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Verily,AllhwillhelpthosewhohelpHis(Cause).Truly,Allh
isAllStrong,AllMighty. Allahthenshowedthatthoseareblessedwithvictory.He(glorybetoHim)said, Those
(Muslimrulers)who,ifWegivethempowerintheland,(they)enjoinIqamatasSalt[i.e.toperformthefivecompulsory
congregationalSalt(prayers)(themalesinmosques)],topaytheZaktandtheyenjoinAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandall
thatIslmordersonetodo),andforbidAlMunkar(i.e.disbelief,polytheismandallthatIslmhasforbidden)[i.e.theymakethe
Q u rnasthelawoftheircountryinallthespheresoflife]. TheyreceivetherewardmentionedintheAyahafter
realizingTawhid.IfpeoplebelieveinAllahandHisMessenger,theywillcarryoutAllah'sOrdinancesuchas
Salah,Sawm,enjoininggood,andforbiddingevil.EnjoininggoodincludesotheractssuchasSawm,Hajj,
Jihad(fightinginthecauseofAllah),avoidingtheprohibitedmatters,andpromptingpeopletoobserveall
thatAllahandHisMessengercommand.

ForbiddingwhatisevilincludesforbiddingallthatAllahforbidssuchasascribingotherstoAllahinworship

(PartNo:7,PageNo:104)

andotherevildeeds.Thosewhohavetheseattributesarethepeopleoffaith.Theywillbevictoriousinthis
lifeandsuccessfulinthehereafterastheywillbesuccessorsoftheEarthandtakeauthorityinitagainsttheir
enemiesandinthehereaftertheywillenterparadiseandbesafefromHellfire.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says:
Verily,WewillindeedmakevictoriousOurMessengersandthosewhobelieve(intheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)inthis
w o r l dslifeandontheDaywhenthewitnesseswillstandforth,(i.e.DayofResurrection) TheDaywhentheirexcuseswillbeof
noprofittoZlimn(polytheists,wrongdoersanddisbelieversintheOnenessofAllh).Theirswillbethecurse,andtheirswillbethe
evilabode(i.e.painfultormentinHellfire). WeaskAllahtoprotectusagainstthis.

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says, Itisthosewhobelieve(intheOnenessofAllhandworshipnonebutHimAlone)andconfusenot
theirbeliefwithZulm(wrongi.e.byworshippingothersbesidesAllh),forthem(only)thereissecurityandtheyaretheguided.
ThesepeoplehaveembracedIslam,adheredtoAllah'sreligion,givenuppolytheismandsubmitted
themselvestothetruth.InjusticewhichismentionedintheAyahincludeseverymisdeed.Moreover,it
meansShirkasexplainedbytheProphet(peacebeuponhim).ThesepeoplewhomtheAyahintends
believedinAllah,devotedtheirworshiptohim,avoidedpolytheism,andsubmittedthemselvestowhatAllah
andHisMessengerhaveordered.ImanisnotaccomplishedexceptwithobediencetoAllahandHis
Messenger.Allah(glorybetoHim)said, forthem(only)thereissecurityandtheyaretheguided. Thisistheirreward
owingtotheirsoundfaithandabandonmentofShirk.However,everymisdeedhasanegativeeffecton
securityandguidance.Accordingly,whoeverhascompletefaithinAllahandobediencetoHimandHis
Messenger,fulfillsTawhidandsinceritytoAllah,avoidsShirkandsinswillhavecompletesecurityand
guidanceinthislifeandinthehereafter.

Ontheotherhand,apersonwhocommitsanymisdeed,theirsecurityandguidancedecreaseaccordingto
theeffectofsinsandevil.ThiswasindicatedbyothertextsfromtheBookofAllahandtheSunnah.Anyway,
aslongasonerealizesTawhid,heisamongthosewhomAllahblesseswithsecurityandguidancenomatter
what

(PartNo:7,PageNo:105)

heunderwentoftroublesorpunishedforhismisdeeds.Finally,hewillenterParadiseifhedieswhilehaving
Tawhidandfaith.IfsuchapersonentersHell,hewillbepunishedaccordingtohismisdeedsandthenwill
comeouttoenterparadise.TheKhawarij(separatistgroupthatbelievescommittingamajorsinamountstodisbelief)and
Mu`tazilah(adeviantIslamicsectclaimingthatthosewhocommitmajorsinsareinastatebetweenbeliefanddisbelief)arenotof
thisview.TheyadmitthatwhoeverentersHellwillnevercomeoutofitwhichisanextremelywrongview
foritcontradictstheQur'an,theSunnah,andtheIjma`ofthenation.AhlulSunnahwalJama`ahmaintain
thatthewrongdoermayenterHellasstatedbytherevealedtextsandbepunishedforhissinsbuthewill
leaveitaftergettingpurifiedonaconditionthatheisaMuslimanddiedwhilehavingTawhid.HeentersHell
forhiswrongdoingse.g.adultery,undutifulnesstoparents,drinkingwine,consumingusury,andthelike,if
hedieswithoutreturningtoAllahinrepentancefromtheseevils.TheMuslimwrongdoer,inthiscase,may
bepunishedorforgivenformanycauses.HemaybepunishedinHellinaccordancewithhiscrimes.Then,
afterheispurifiedbyHellorforgivenforhiscrimes,AllahtakeshimoutofHellasstatedbytheMutawatir
Hadiths(HadithsreportedbyasignificantnumberofnarratorsthroughouttheSanad,whoseagreement
uponalieisimpossible)andagreeduponbyAhlulSunnahwalJama`ah.

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)isentitledtointercedeonbehalfofthedisobedientpeoplefromamong
hisUmmahwhoenterHell.Consequently,AllahtakesthemoutbytheintercessionoftheProphet(peacebe www.ircpk.com
uponhim).AllahgrantsProphets,righteouspeople,andangelsakindofintercessionbywhichtheycan
intercedeforpeople.OnlythepeopleofShirkanddisbeliefwillremaininHellforever.Allah(glorybeto
Him)saidinSurahA lBaqarah, ThusAllhwillshowthemtheirdeedsasregretsforthem.Andtheywillnevergetoutofthe
F i r e . HealsosaidinSurahA lMa'idah, TheywilllongtogetoutoftheFire,butneverwilltheygetouttherefromandtheirs
willbealastingtorment.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:106)

HealsosaidinSurahA lNaba', Sotasteyou(theresultsofyourevilactions).NoincreaseshallWegiveyou,exceptintorment.


TherearemanyAyahsinthisregard.AsforthedisobedientpeoplewhorealizeTawhidanddieasMuslims
buttheycommitsinsanddonotrepentfromthem,theywillnotremaininHellforeverbutforatemporary
period.TherearetwokindsofstayinHellfireaneternalstayforthedisbelieversandatemporarystayfor
thebelievingsinners.However,theMuslimsinnersmayremaininHellforalongperiodowingtotheirgrave
andnumeroussins.WhentheypasstheperiodwhichAllahpredeterminedforthem,He(glorybetoHim)
takesthemoutofHelltoParadise.ThiswasstatedintheHadithsoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
concerningthekillerandtheadulterer.ThetimethebelievingsinnerpassesintheHellfirehasanendas
longashediedonTawhidwhereasthetimethedisbelieverspassinHellisendless,fortheydiedon
disbeliefinAllah,suchasJews,Christians,pagans,andothers.WeaskAllah'sRefugeagainsttheirconditions.

OMuslims,Oaccountablepersons,fearAllah,returntoHiminrepentance,havefaithinHim,dorighteous
deeds,andsticktoIslambeforeyouwillbitterlyregretyournegligenceoftheserequiredthings!The
evildoerwillregretitonthedayofJudgmentsaying, Alas!WouldthatIhadsentforth(gooddeeds)for(this)mylife!
Moreover,itisincumbentuponeveryaccountablepersonallovertheworldwhostilldidnotembraceIslam
totaketheinitiativeandembraceIslambeforetheduedatecomes.Inthiscase,hewillregretdeeplyand
enterHellwhichistheworstdestination.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)saidinSurahA lFurqan, And(remember)theDay
whentheZlim(wrongdoer,oppressor,polytheist)willbiteathishands,hewillsay:"Oh!WouldthatIhadtakenapathwiththe
Messenger(Muhammad). "Ah!Woetome!WouldthatIhadnevertakensoandsoasaKhall(anintimate
friend)! "HeindeedledmeastrayfromtheReminder(thisQurn)afterithadcometome.AndShaitn(Satan)istomanevera
deserterinthehourofneed."[TafsirAlQurtubi]

(PartNo:7,PageNo:107)

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosaysinSurahA lFajr, AndHellwillbebroughtnearthatDay.OnthatDaywillmanremember,


buthowwillthatremembrance(then)availhim? Hewillsay:"Alas!WouldthatIhadsentforth(gooddeeds)for(this)mylife!"
SoonthatDaynonewillpunishasHewillpunish. Andnonewillbind(thewicked,disbelieversandpolytheists)asHewillbind.

Therefore,everyoneshouldbewareofdisbeliefandnegligenceofAllah'sRightlestoneontheDayof
Resurrectionwillbitehis/herhandoutofregretandnegligenceofAllah'sRight.Oneshouldcontinuedoing
righteousdeedsbeforedeath.TheimportantthingsoneshouldadheretoisTawhid,sinceritytoAllah,and
theworshipwhichhe/sheiscreatedforandrealizeIslamandsticktoitbeforedeath.Itisimpossibleforone
torepent,asonedoesnotknowwhendeathcomeswhetherintheeveningorinthemorning.Moreover,
onedoesnotknowthecausesthatmayleadtohisdeath.SoaMuslimmustbesteadfastinobeyingAllah
andrepentingtoHim.

EveryoneshouldfearAllahandsticktothetruthbeforehisduedatecomes,obeyingAllahandHis
Messenger,andunderstandingandlearningthereligionofAllah.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, He
whofollowsapathinquestofknowledge,AllahwillmakethepathofParadiseeasytohim. Also,theProphet(maypeace
andblessingsbeuponhim)said, "IfAllahwantstodogoodtoaperson,Hemakeshimcomprehendthereligion." (Agreed
uponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim)EveryMuslimshouldfearAllahandconsiderhisactswhetherthey
correspondtothewayofAllahand

(PartNo:7,PageNo:108)

SahabahinTawhid,obediencetoAllah,andhavingfaithinHim,inHisNamesandAttributes,ornot?One
shouldconsiderhisacts,sothatifheiscommittingBida`ah,heshouldavoidit.

EveryoneshouldconsiderhisconditionheshouldabidebythewayofAllahrevealedtoHisProphet
Muhammad,adoptTawhid,worshipAllahAlone,fulfillAllah'sOrders,andavoidHisProhibitions.Heshould
thinkoverthesemattersandcallhimselftoaccount.Allah(glorybetoHim)said, Oyouwhobelieve!FearAllh
andkeepyourdutytoHim.Andleteverypersonlooktowhathehassentforthforthemorrow OservantofAllah!Omenor
women!OSunni,Shiites,andallfollowersofanyMuslimgroups!OAnsarAlSunnah,AlIkhwanAlMuslimun,Al
Jama`ahAlIslamiyyahandJama`atAlTabligh!Youshouldallthinkaboutwhatyoucarriedout.Everyoneshould
thinkaboutthewayheactsuponwhetheritisthewayofguidance,whichisthewayofMuhammadornot.
Inaddition,everyoneshouldthinkoverhisacts,notimitateothersforthewayofimitationisdangerousand
giveswaytofanaticismwhichmaynotbebasedonknowledge.Inthiscase,itisimpermissible.Oneshould
obeyAllahandHisMessenger.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Oyouwhobelieve!ObeyAllhandobeytheMessenger
(Muhammad ) AllahdidnotcommandusinthisAyahtoobeysoandsobutHerestricted
obediencetoAllah,HisMessenger,andthoseinauthorityasHe(GlorifiedbeHe)said, Oyouwhobelieve!Obey
AllhandobeytheMessenger(Muhammad),andthoseofyou(Muslims)whoareinauthority.(And)ifyoudiffer
inanythingamongstyourselves,referittoAllhandHisMessenger() Hemeanshereincaseof
difference

(PartNo:7,PageNo:109)
www.ircpk.com
withthoseinauthority,scholars,rulers,sons,sheikhs,orspouses,themattershouldbereferredtoAllah
andHisMessenger.

Oneshouldnotresorttoone'sinclinationorsoandsobuttoAllahandHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).
Then,ifthoseinauthorityorrulersorderyoutodosomethingcontrarytotheShari`ahofAllah,youshould
givethemadeafear,forobedienceisrequiredonlyingoodness.Similarly,ifyourwife,father,ormother
orderssomethingthatcontradictstheShari`ah.Inthiscase,youarerequiredtodisregardtheirrequestsbut
useagoodwayandconvincethemwithwhatAllahprescribed.

YoushouldusegoodconductwitheveryonewhoordersyoutocommitwhatgoesagainstShari`ahand
knowthatitisnotpermissibletoobeyanyoneindisobediencetoAllahatall.ObediencetoAllahprevails
overallactsofotherobedience.YoushouldknowthatifanyoneordersyoutoobeyAllah,nomatterhow
oldheis,youshouldrespecthissayingaslongasitisinobediencetoAllah.

IfyoursonorderedyoutoobeyAllah,youshouldobservehisrequestandpraiseAllahthatHeguidesone
ofthosesonstoorderyouwithgood.Letnotpridetakeyousothatyourefusetherequestsofyoursonor
slavebutpraiseAllahthatHefacilitatesforyouoneofyourslaves,sons,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:110)

neighbors,orbrotherswhoadvisesyoutoobeyAllahandhelpsyouingoodness.Donotdeemyourselffar
aboveadvice.KnowthatallofusshouldobeyAllah.Thereupon,oneshouldaccepttheadviceaslongasitis
inaccordancewithShari`ah,nomatterwhooffersit.Thankthepersonwhogivesit!Thisisbecausethetrue
MuslimglorifiesthereligionofAllahandacceptsthetruthfromanyonewithmodesty.Allah(Glorifiedbe
He)said, Verily,themosthonourableofyouwithAllhisthat(believer)whohasAtTaqw[i.e.heisoneoftheMuttaqn(the
pious)]. Thisisthewayateachershoulddealwithstudents.Ifastudenttellshisteacheraboutsomething
right,theteachershouldacceptitfromhimandnotdenyitasthestudentmayknowsomethingthatthe
teacherdoesnotknow.Inthiscase,justiceentailsthattheteachershouldacceptit.Thisisincludedinpiety
andunderstandingthereligion.Thereligionordersonetoacceptwhatisrightfromanyonewhethermanor
woman,oldoryoung,orbrotheroraslave.Islamorderseveryonewhoknowsthetruthtoguideotherstoit
andsubstantiateitbyproofs.Thepersonwhoreceivesitshouldlistenandobeyasallarerequiredtoabide
bytheproof.AllahsaysandHisSayingistruth, (And)ifyoudifferinanythingamongstyourselves,referittoAllhandHis
Messenger()

Oneshouldabidebythetruthandacceptit.ItisnotforaMuslimtorefusewhatisrightowingtothatitis
saidbysoandsobutoneshouldacceptthetruthfortruthisaboveall.Indeed,thetruthisthegoalof
Muslims.Moreover,oneshouldcallhimselfandthegrouphefollowstoaccountandconsiderwhattheycall
himfor.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:111)

IfitappearstoberightandinagreementwiththeShari`ah,aMuslimshouldacceptit.Ifnot,hewill
abandonit.Moreover,IoffermyadvicetothosewhofollowdifferentMuslimgroupsandsaytothem,'if
followingacertaingroupharmsreligion,leaveitowingtotheirwrong.Youshouldnotremainwiththem
excepttoadvisethemandillustrateforthemtherightway.'TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Religionis
basedonadvisingoneanother.Uponthiswesaid:Forwhom?Hereplied:ForAllah,HisBook,HisMessenger,andfortheleadersand
thegeneralMuslims. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih)

OneshouldofferadviceinthesefivesidesmentionedintheHadithonTawhid,sinceritytoAllah,observing
HisOrders,avoidingHisProhibitions,andjudginginaccordancewithHisBook,followingHisProphetand
theGloriousQur'an,believingthattheQur'anisreallytheWordofAllah,notcreated.Moreover,adviceis
duetothoseinauthoritybydirectingthemtogoodness,enjoiningthemtogoodness,andforbiddingthem
fromdoingevilusingthegoodways.OneshouldsupplicatetoAllahforthemintheirabsencetograntthem
success,guidethemtothestraightway,directthemtojustice,andhelpthemestablishit.Oneshould
supplicatetoAllahtoguidetherulerstorightwheneverandwhereverheis.Somepeoplesaid,OAllah's
Messenger,thepeopleofDausdisbelievedandtransgressed.UponthatHe(peacebeuponhim)said, OAllah,
guideDausandbringthem[asbelievers]. Inconsequence,AllahguidedthemandtheycameandembracedIslam.
OneshouldpraytoAllahforhisrulersaying,"OAllah,guidehimandsetrighthisheartanddeed.OAllah,
helphimenforcejusticeandguidehimtowhatpleasesyouandkeepMuslimsfromhisevils.OAllah,guide
himtoright.

Oneshouldexhortpeopleusingkindandgoodwaysandrefrainfromharshwaysforoneisorderedtocall
peopleusingkindnessandfriendliness.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)said, Invite(mankind,OMuhammad
)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andargue
withtheminawaythatisbetter.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:112)

Forinstance,ifyoufindsomepeopledrinkingwine,youshouldtellthemthatthisactisprohibited.
Similarly,ifyoufindsomeotherssmoking,youshouldaskthemtofearAllahandremindthemthat
smokingisprohibitedandthatitharmsthepersonandisreligiouslydisapproved.Moreover,ifyouseethat
apersonhasshavedoffhisbeard,youshouldnotdoso,forthisisimpermissible.TheProphetordered
lettingthebeardsgrowandtrimmingthemustache.Ifyouseeapersonlowertheirgarmentbelowthe
heels,youshouldforbidhimfromthatorawomandressedimmodestlyorapersonwhodealswithusury.
Inallthesecases,oneshouldusewisdomandgoodconductandavoidviolenceandharshness.Iftheperson www.ircpk.com
youcalldoesnotrespondpositively,youcantellotherpeoplesuchasCommitteeforthePropagationof
VirtueandthePreventionofViceorotherpeoplewhohaveaneffectonhim.

YouarenotrequiredtodoanythingexcepttoinformandexplainbygoodwordsasAllahshowsyouinHis
SayingtoHisMessengerandtheUmmahaswell, Invite(mankind,OMuhammad)totheWayofyour
Lord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewiththeminawaythatis
better. He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays, AndbytheMercyofAllh,youdealtwiththemgently.Andhadyoubeensevereand
h a r s hhearted,theywouldhavebrokenawayfromaboutyou InrespectoftheJewsandtheChristians,Allah(Glorifiedbe
He)alsosays:

(PartNo:7,PageNo:113)

AndarguenotwiththepeopleoftheScripture(JewsandChristians),unlessitbein(away)thatisbetter(withgoodwordsandin
Thisisbecausethe
goodmanner,invitingthemtoIslmicMonotheismwithHisVerses),exceptwithsuchofthemasdowrong
matterofthepersonwhocommitsinjusticeisreferredtothecompetentpartyi.e.thoseinauthoritywho
mayusepower.Inthislight,weshouldunderstandtheHadithoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim), Whoever
amongyouseessomethingabominableshouldrectifyitwithhishandandifhehasnotstrengthenoughtochangeit,thenheshould
changeitwithhistonguei.e.speakagainstitandifhehasnotstrengthenoughtochangeit,(even)thenheshould(abhorit)from
hishearti.e.dislikeit,andthatistheleastoffaith.

Whoevercanusetheirhandinrectifyingtheabominablemattershoulduseit,ifhehastheauthoritytodo
this,suchastheCommitteeforthePropagationofVirtueandthePreventionofVice,ajudge,oraruler
usingtheirauthority.If,however,heisofnoauthority,heshouldspeakagainstittorectifythe
reprehensiblemattersoastoavoidthetroublethatmayariseowingtousingthehandofthepersonwho
hasnoauthoritylestthetroublesthatresultshouldbemoresinfulthanthesincommittedandintendedto
berectified.Oneshouldalsousegoodwordsandconduct.Ifhe/shecannotrectifytheevilthingwiththe
tongue,theyshoulddislikeitbyheartandstayawayfromitanditsperpetrators.

Thetruebelieverdoestheobligatoryactinaccordancewithhiscapacity.IadviseallMuslimsalloverthe
worldtofearAllaheverytime,cooperateinrighteousness,andrecommendtodogoodandhavepatience
withit.Moreover,oneshouldcallhimselftoaccountandaskhimselfwhethertheactshedoesareformsof
obediencetoAllahsothathewillpersistindoingthemoriftheyareevildeedssothathewillgivethemup.
Oneshouldnotdespisehimselfinfrontofthosecommittingawrongmatter.Heshouldenjoingoodand
forbidevilusinggoodandpleasantwordsandavoidviolenceandoffensivewords.Hemaysay,'Obrother,
fearAllah,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:114)

thisisimpermissible,etc.

IaskAllah(mayHebeExaltedandGlorified)withHisMostBeautifulNamesandhonorableAttributesto
guideusalltousefulknowledge,gooddeeds,andunderstandingreligion.MayAllahprotectusandyou
fromtheevilsofourselvesandourmisdeedsandgivevictorytoHisReligionandmakeHisWordsuperior.
MayAllahguideallMuslimseverywhereonEarthtothebestunderstandingofreligionandgrantthemuseful
knowledgeandrighteousdeeds!MayAllahfavorthemwiththerighteousscholarswhoguidethem,teach
themandelaborateforthemontheirreligion!IpraytohimtoguideallMuslimrulerseverywheretoadhere
toHisreligion,advise,forAllah,Hisslaves,judgeaccordingtotheShari`ahofAllah,andcompelpeopleto
actuponit.IaskAllahtoguidetherulersofthiscountrytoeverygoodness,helpthemdoeverygoodthing,
guidetheirretinue,andmakethemacauseofremovingeveryevilandabominableact.IinvokeHimto
protectourrulersagainsttheevilsoftheirselvesandtheirmisdeeds.He(glorybetoHim)istheMost
HonorableOne.MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponHisservantandMessengerprophetMuhammad,
hisfamily,Sahabahandthosewhofollowedhimrightfully.

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(PartNo:7,PageNo:115)

ObeyingrulersandscholarsinMa`rufto

setthingsright

HisEminence,Shaykh`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahibnBaz,stressedthenecessityofobeyingrulersinMa`ruf(that
whichisjudgedasgood,beneficial,orfittingbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect),becausethis
servestosetthemattersofthenationright,establishsecurityandpeaceamongpeople,andprotectthem
againsttrials.ShaykhIbnBazillustratedthatthisappliestoobeyingscholarsaswell.

HisEminencestressedtheobligationofobeyingscholarsandrulersinMa`rufandnotinmattersinvolving
disobediencetoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).Iftherulergivesorderstodoanactofdisobeying
Allah,oneshouldnotobservethatorder,butthisdoesnotmeanthatapersoninthiscasehastherightto
trytotoppletheruler.

Heexplainedwhenitispermissibletotopplearuler,which,accordingtoShari`ah(Islamiclaw),shouldbe
madewhentherulercommitsactsofcleardisbeliefprovenassuchbyevidence.Moreover,thepeoplemust
havethecapacitytotoppletherulerandchangethecurrentstatus.Iftheydonothavethecapabilitytodo
so,theyarenotallowedtorepeleveniftheyfindcleardisbelief,becausethiswillbringnothingbutgreat
harmtothenationandpeopleandwillcausetrials.Definitely,thesebadconsequencescontradicttheShar`y
(Islamicallylawful)motivesbehindtopplingaruler,namely,achievingreformandbringingbenefittothe
peopleandnation.

HisEminencepointedoutthatinsuchacase,itisenoughforthepeopletogiveadvice,speakthetruth,
enjoinMa`ruf,andforbidMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslims
ofsoundintellect).Bydoingthis,theirresponsibilitywouldbedischarged.

HisEminencealsogavedefinitiveanswerstothequestionsposed

(PartNo:7,PageNo:116)

duringasymposiumheldintheMasjid(mosque)ofImamFaysalibnTurkyi nRiyadh.Heillustratedthe
importanceofcompleteobediencetotherulerandstressedthenecessityofadheringtotheMuslimmain
body,emphasizingthegreatthreatgivenbyAllahandHisMessengerforthosewhostirupdiscordand
dissentionamongMuslimswithoutajustcause.Hestatedthatthereisnoharminobeyingmanmadelaws,
iftheyagreewithShari`ah,suchastrafficlawsandotherlawsthataimatbenefitingpeopleanddonot
contradictShari`ah.Ontheotherhand,lawsthatgoagainstShari`aharetoberejected.Ifapersonregards
themaslawfulandallowable,eventhoughtheycontradictwhathasbeenunanimouslyagreeduponby
scholars,theyhavedisbelieved.

AquestionwasraisedconcerninghowtodealwithrulerswhodeemthelawsthatcontradicttheShari`ahas
permissible.

Hereplied,"Inthiscase,weshouldcomplywiththeirordersinMa`rufandnotinmattersinvolving
disobediencetoAllahuntilHereplacesthem."

AnotherquestionwasposedconcerningthedifferentIslamicgroupsandwhichofthemismoreentitledto
befollowed.

HisEminencestatedthatthegroupweshouldfollowisthatgroupwhichactsinaccordancewiththeQur'an
andtheSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet),aswasthewayoftheProphet(peacebeupon
him)andhisSahabah(Companions,mayAllahbepleasedwiththem).

EachoftheseIslamicgroups,accordingtotheshaykh,hascorrectandincorrectconcepts.Therefore,one
shouldobeytheminconcepts,whichareprovencorrectbyevidencefromtheQur'anandtheSunnah.Asfor
concepts,whichcontradictevidencefromtheQur'anandtheSunnah,theyaretoberejectedandtheir
supportersshouldberefuted.HisEminencestressedtheimportantrolethatshouldbeplayedbyscholars,
whoareobligatedtoclarifythetruthinthisregardandrefutethewrongconceptsofthesegroups.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:117)

Headdedthatnoneofthesegroupsisinfallibleandnoneofthemshallclaimperfection.Everyoneis
requiredtoseekthetruth,whichconformstotheQur'anandtheSunnahortheIjma`(consensusof
scholars)oftheSalaf(righteouspredecessors).Viewsthatcontradicttheevidenceshouldberejected,
whethertheybelongtoanyofthesegroupsortothefollowersofthefamousschoolsofjurisprudence,such
as A lHanabilah,A lShafi`iyyah,A lMalikiyyah,A lDhahiriyyah,A lHanafiyyah,andothers.Thebasicrulestatesthe
obligationoffollowingtheevidencederivedfromtheQur'anandtheSunnahwhateverconformstothemis
rightandwhateverdisagreeswiththemisBatil(nullandvoid).HisEminencealsowarnedagainstthepeople
whocalltofollowingotherthantheQur'anandtheSunnah.Suchpeopleshouldnotbefollowedoreven www.ircpk.com
imitated.Rather,theyshouldberefutedandavoided.Followingisthetextofthedialogue:

Q1:Whatismeantbyobeying"thoseinauthority"intheAyah(Qur'anicverse)?Doesthe
termrefertoscholarsorrulers,whomaybeunjust?

A : Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Oyouwhobelieve!ObeyAllhandobeytheMessenger(Muhammad
),andthoseofyou(Muslims)whoareinauthority.(And)ifyoudifferinanythingamongstyourselves,referitto
AllhandHisMessenger(),ifyoubelieveinAllhandintheLastDay.Thatisbetterandmoresuitableforfinal
determination. ThoseinauthorityrefertoMuslimscholarsandrulers.Theirordersshouldbe
followediftheyagreewithShari`ahandshouldbedisregardediftheydisagreewithShari`ah.

Thus,scholarsandrulersshouldbeobeyedinMa`rufbecausethisservesto

(PartNo:7,PageNo:118)

setthingsright,spreadsecurity,followtheorders,givetheoppressedtheirduerights,and
detertheoppressors.Ontheotherhand,disobeyingrulersbringsaboutcorruptionand
injustice.Hence,thoseinauthoritywhethertheyarerulersorscholarsshouldbeobeyedin
Ma`ruf.Themattershouldgoasfollows:scholarsshallexplaintherulingsofAllah,rulersshall
enforcetheserulings,andthepeopleshalllistentotheirscholarsandfollowtheordersof
theirrulers.IfordersinvolvingdisobediencetoAllaharegiven,whetherfromrulersor
scholars,theseordersshallnotbefollowed.Forexample,ifarulerordersyoutodrinkKhamr
(intoxicant)orconsumeRiba(usury),donotobeyhim.Likewise,ifascholarordersyouto
disobeyAllah,donotobeythatorder.Piousscholarsdonotgivesuchorders.Inshort,
obedienceisobligatoryonlyinMa`ruf.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Nosubmissionis
requiredtoacreatureinmattersinvolvingdisobediencetoAllah. However,itisnotpermissibletotopplethe
rulerseveniftheycommitwrongdoings.Rather,Muslimsareobligatedtolistentoordersand
obeythemaslongastheyareMa`rufandgiveadviceregardingtheirwrongdoings.The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)said: ).ItisobligatoryforaMuslimtolistenandobey(thoseinauthority),incasesof
desirableandhatefulmattersandwhetherhelikesitornot,exceptthatheisorderedtodoasinfulact.Ifheisorderedtodoasinful
act,aMuslimshouldneitherlistennorobey. He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: Whoeverfindstherulerappointed
overthemindulgedinanactinvolvingdisobediencetoAllah,theyshouldcondemnthisact,butshouldnotwithdrawthemselvesfrom
hisobedience,forwhoeverseparatesfromtheMuslimmainbodywilldieasthosewhodiedinthetimesofJahiliyyah(preIslamic
timeofignorance). He(peacebeuponhim)said: Whoevercomestoyouwhileyouareunitedandwantstodisuniteyou
Theintendedmeaningisthatthoseinauthority,
andsowdissensionamongstyou,killhimwhoeverheis.
includingrulersandscholars,shouldbeobeyedinMa`ruf.Bythisway,thingswillbesetright,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:119)

peoplewillliveinpeaceandsecurity,theoppressedwilltaketheirrights,theoppressorswill
bedeterred,andjusticewillprevail.ItisnotpermissibletoseparatefromtheMuslimmain
bodyandtopplethoseinauthority,unlesstheycommitactsofcleardisbeliefprovenassuch
byevidenceandaslongastheconsequenttopplingactwillbenefitMuslims,endoppression,
andestablisharighteouscountry.Ifpeoplearenotabletotoppletherulers,theyarenot
permittedtodosoeveniftheyseecleardisbelief,becausethiswillbringcorruption,trials,
andunjustkillingtothenation.Inbrief,ifarulercommitsactsofcleardisbelief,provenas
suchbyevidence,andthepeoplehavetheabilitytotopplehimandreplacehimwithapious
rulerwhoenforcestheCommandsofAllahandsupportsthetruth,theyarepermittedtodo
so.

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Q2:Doesinabilitycountasagoodexcusetodischargethemtheresponsibility?

A : Yes.Itisenoughforthemtospeakthetruth,enjoinMa`ruf(thatwhichisjudgedasgood,
beneficial,orfittingbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect),andforbidMunkar(that
whichisunacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect).Ma`ruf
includesthingsthatareMustahab(desirable),Wajib(obligatory),andMubah(permissible),
suchasorderingpeopletorespectthetrafficregulationsandstopwhenthelightisred.All
thesethingsareofbenefittoMuslims.

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Q3:Whatistherulingonenactingmanmadelaws?Isitpermissibletoactaccordingto
them?IsarulerwhoenactssuchlawsconsideredKafir(disbeliever)?

A : ThisispermissibleiftheselawsareinaccordancewiththeShari`ah(Islamiclaw),suchas
enactinglawsforroadsafety.ItispermissibletoenactlawsthatbenefitMuslimsanddonot
contradicttheShari`ahtofacilitatetheMuslims'affairs.However,itisnotpermissibleto
enactlawsthatcontradicttheShari`ah,suchas

(PartNo:7,PageNo:120)

enactingalawthatoverrulestheHad(ordainedpunishmentforviolatingAllahsLaw)foran
adulterer,athief,oraKhamr(intoxicant)drinker.SuchalawwillbeBatil(nullandvoid)and
therulerwillbeKafirforregardingaslawfulwhatcontradictstheNas(Islamictextfromthe
QuranortheSunnah)andIjma`(consensusofscholars).ThesamerulingofdeemingasKafir
appliestowhoeverregardsaslawfulwhatAllahhasforbidden.

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Q4:Howshouldwedealwiththisruler?

A : YoushouldobeyhiminMa`ruf(thatwhichisjudgedasgood,beneficial,orfittingby
IslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)andnotinmattersinvolvingdisobedienceuntil
Allahreplaceshim.

Q5:YourEminence,Fitnahs(temptations)havespreadinthearenaofDa`wah(callingto
Islam)duetothepresenceofmanyIslamicgroups.AmongthesegroupsareTabligh(agroup
callingtoIslam),IkhwanulMuslimin(theMuslimBrotherhoodapoliticalgroupalsocalling
toIslam),Salafiyyah(thosefollowingthewayoftherighteouspredecessors)andmany
others.EachgroupclaimstobetherightgroupinfollowingtheSunnah(whateverisreported
fromtheProphet).Wouldyoupleasenamethegroupswhicharetruthfulandwhichofthem
aremoreentitledtobefollowed?

A : ThegroupweshouldfollowandcomplywithitsmethodologyisthatwhichfollowsAlSirat
u lMustaqim(theStraightPath),theProphet(peacebeuponhim)andhisSunnahandthe
Qur'an.SuchagroupcallstotheQur'anandtheSunnahthroughwordsanddeeds.Withregard
totheothergroups,theymustnotbefollowedunlesstheycomplywiththetruth.Regardless
ofbeingIkhwanulMuslimin,Tabligh,AnsarAlSunnah,Salafiyyah,AlJama`ahAlIslamiyyah,thesocalledgroupofAhl
u lHadith,oranyothergroupgivenanyname,weshouldonlyobeyandfollowtheminthetruth
whichissupportedbyevidence.Iftheiropinionscontradicttheevidence,theymustbe
refuted.Thus,weshouldfollowtheminwhateverconformstotheQur'an,theSunnah

(PartNo:7,PageNo:121)

orIjma`(consensusofscholars).

Iftheycontradictthetruth,Muslimscholarsmustrefutetheirsayingsanddeedsandinform
themofsuchcontradiction.DuetotheirknowledgeoftheIslamicgroupsandthefactthat
theyarewellversedintherulingsofIslambecauseoftheirdeepunderstandingoftheQur'an
andtheSunnah,Muslimscholarsareobligatedtorefuteanywrongfulgroup.Noneofthese
groupsisinfallibletheymaygivecorrectopinionsandfalseones.Opinionswhichareproven
correctbyevidencefromtheQur'an,SunnahorIjma`aretheonestobefollowedwithout
doubt.ThisfallibilityappliestothesegroupsandMadhhabs(SchoolsofJurisprudence),
including A lHanabilah,AlShafi`iyyah,AlMalikiyyah,AlZhahiriyyah(agroupwhosemembersfollowtheliteralmeaningofthe
texts),A lHanafiyyahorothers.Theopinionsthatareprovencorrectbyevidencearetrueandthose
whichcontradictevidencefromtheQur'an,SunnahordecisiveIjma`arewrong.Withregard
tothegroupscallingtofollowingotherthantheQur'anandtheSunnah,theymustnotbe
followedorevenimitated.WeshouldonlyfollowthepeoplewhocalltotheQur'anand
Sunnahandwhoseopinionsarecorrect.Theyshouldbeappreciatedandfollowediftheir
opinionsarecorrect.Ifnot,Muslimscholarsshouldclarifytheirwrongopinionsand
contradictiontoevidenceandaskthemtoperformTawbah(repentancetoAllah)andreturn
tothetruth.ThisisthedutyofMuslimscholars,notthecommons,sincetheformerhavedeep
insightandawarenessoftheQur'anandtheSunnah.PeoplemustalwaysrefertoMuslim
scholarstoanswertheirqueriesandaddresstheirmistakesinordertoknowthetruth.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:122)

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: SoaskthepeopleoftheReminder,ifyoudonotknow. TheAyah(Qur'anic


verse)indicatestheimportanceofaskingthosewhounderstandtheQur'anandtheSunnah.
PeoplecommittingorencouragingotherstocommitBid`ahs(innovationsinreligion)cannot
fallintothecategoryofthosewhoknowtheQur'anandtheSunnah.MayAllahgrantus
success!MaypeaceandblessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,and
Companions!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:123)

Aprivateconversationaboutsomeimportantissues

Q1:Westart,YourEminence,withaskingyouabouttherankandroleofscholarsinthe
society,especiallyinthecurrentcircumstances.

123A:Thereisnodoubtthatscholarsplayakeyroleinthesocietytheyarethesuccessors
ofMessengersandtheoneswhofixwhatthepeopleruinedandguidethemtogoodness.The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)toldusthatscholarsaretheheirsoftheprophets.So,they
shouldexerttheireffortinsettingrighttheaffairsofthepeople,guidingthemtogoodness,
enjoiningvirtueuponthem,forbiddingthemfromvice,andenduringharm,accordingto
Allah'ssaying, Andwhoisbetterinspeechthanhewho[says:"MyLordisAllh(believesinHisOneness),"andthenstands
firm(actsuponHisOrder),and]invites(men)toAllhs(IslmicMonotheism),anddoesrighteousdeeds,andsays:"Iamoneofthe
Muslims." Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays, Invite(mankind,OMuhammad)totheWayofyour
Lord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewiththeminawaythatis
better. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays, Say(OMuhammad):"Thisismyway
IinviteuntoAllh(i.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)withsureknowledge,Iandwhosoeverfollowsme(alsomust
inviteotherstoAllhi.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheismwithsureknowledge). Thesocietyshouldgivedue
respecttoscholars,applytheiradvice,andbekeenondefendingtheirhonorintheirabsence.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:124)

Theyarenotinfallibletheymightmakemistakes.Inthiscase,thescholarsshouldkindly
drawtheattentionofeachotheruntilthemistakeiscorrectedandAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
revealsAlHaqq(theTruth).

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Q2:People,whetherscholars,seekersofknowledgeorDu`ah(callerstoIslam),always
disagree.Whatarethemattersaboutwhichdisagreementispermissible?Whatarethe
mattersaboutwhichdisagreementisimpermissible?Whatistherightapproachforsettling
disputessothatthetargetisachieved?

A : ItisincumbentuponthepeopleofknowledgeandDu`ahtodependontheevidenceof
Shari`ahwhenexaminingthetruthandtoverifytheirsayings,deedsorfatwassothatthe
proofsareclearfortheMuslimmasseswhomtheyguide.Allahhasprohibitedthemtosay
anythingwithoutknowledge.Thepeopleofknowledge,therefore,havetoexaminethe
matters,therulingstheyissue,andtherecommendationsandprohibitionstheyuttersothat
theycanissuetheserulingswithsureknowledgeanddeepinsight.

Withregardtothemattersaboutwhichdisagreementisimpermissible,theyarewhathave
beenexplainedbythetextsfromtheBookandSunnah.Everyonehastoagreewithwhatis
indicatedbytheBookandSunnahandtoavoiddisputingoverit.Theymaydifferinthe
matterssubjecttoIjtihad(juristicefforttoinferexpertlegalrulings)whicharenot
establishedbyanyevidencefromtheQur'anandSunnah.Scholarsmaydifferandexercise
IjtihadconcerningsuchmatterstodeductcertainrulingsbasedontherulesofShari`ah.The
onewhoiscorrectwillreceiveadoubleblessingandtheonewhoiswrong,whenhehasdeep
insightandknowledgeandisqualifiedtoperformIjtihad,willreceiveonereward.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:125)

Tosumup,ifthescholarwhoissufficientlyqualifiedinknowledgeexerciseshisbestIjtihad,
thentheeffortisblessed,whetherhegetsitrightormakesamistake.Hewillreceivea
doubleblessingifheiscorrect,andifhemakesamistake,thenhewillreceiveasingle
blessingandhismistakeisforgiven.Asforthemattersforwhichthereisclearevidencefrom
theBookandSunnah,itisimpermissibletodisputeoverthem.Rather,thepeopleof
knowledgemustunanimouslyagreewiththem.

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Q3:Whatshouldbedoneifadisagreementoccurs?

A : Thosewhomakeamistakeshouldbewarnedagainsttheirviolationofthereligioustexts.
Itiswajib(obligatory)torefertotheQur'anandtheSunnah.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, (And)
ifyoudifferinanythingamongstyourselves,referittoAllhandHisMessenger() Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andinwhatsoeveryoudiffer,thedecisionthereofiswithAllh(HeistherulingJudge). Ifa
scholarmakesamistakeandhisfellowMuslimbrotherdrawshisattentiontoit,thescholar
shouldyieldtotheevidence.

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Q4:IntheopeningmeetingrecentlyheldinJeddah,YourEminencediscussedtheblessingsof
Islam,security,andtheapplicationoftheShari`ahwhichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasbestowed
uponthiscountry.Howcanthesocietymaintaintheseblessings?

A : ItisthedutyofMuslimsandIslamicgovernmentstothankAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)fortheblessingsofIslamandsecurity,whichHehasbestoweduponthem.Theyshould
expresstheirgratitudebyperformingtheobligatoryacts,givingupprohibitions,andadhering
tothelimitssetbyAllah(ExaltedbeHe).

(PartNo:7,PageNo:126)

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, ThereforerememberMe(bypraying,glorifying),Iwillrememberyou,andbegratefultoMe
(forMycountlessFavoursonyou)andneverbeungratefultoMe. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays:
Workyou,OfamilyofDwd(David),withthanks!ButfewofMyslavesaregrateful. Showingrealgratitudeinwords,
deeds,andbeliefsisWajib(obligatory).EachindividualshouldthankAllahbyhisheart,in
words,anddeeds.TheyshouldfearHim,hopeforHisMercy,anddeclarethefavorsofAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, AndproclaimtheGraceofyourLord(i.e.the
ProphethoodandallotherGraces). WeshouldalsoshowgratitudetoAllahbyperformingallthe
obligatoryactsandabandoningtheprohibitedactssuchasZina(adultery),theft,ingratitude
towardsparents,severingtiesofkinship,Riba(usury),Ghibah(backbiting),Namimah(tale
bearing),andsoon.

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Q:Sinceitsestablishment,theKingdomofSaudiArabiahasappliedtheShari`ahofAllahand
ruledaccordingtoHislegislations.Whatisourdutytowardsthisresponsibility?

A : Itisobligatoryuponcitizenstoacknowledgetheservicesprovidedtothembythestate
andthankitforthat.Theyshouldhelpthestatetoreformitsaffairsthroughgoodwordsand
goodmannersandnotthroughattackingandpublicizingthenegativeaspectsofthestatein
newspapersandontheMinbar(pulpit).Reformationshouldbedonethroughofferingadvice,
writingtoofficialstodrawtheirattentiontotheproblemsofwhichtheyarenotawareuntil
theyaresolvedanduntilgoodnessandwelfareprevail,blessingssettleandpeoplearesafe
fromafflictions.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:127)

Thereisnowaytoachievethatunlessadviceisexchanged.Itisthestate'sresponsibilityto
correctshortcomings,carryoutalltheactionsthatpleaseAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
andeliminateallthatwhichAllahhasprohibitedandwhichcontradictstheShari`ah.Thiscan
becarriedoutthroughcooperationwithscholars,employees,righteousofficials,and
CommitteeforthePropagationofVirtueandthePreventionofVice.

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Q6:WhenMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslims
ofsoundintellect)spreadsthroughoutsociety,whatisthebestway,inyouropiniontoresist
it?

A : ThebestwayisclarifiedbyAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)inHissaying, Thebelievers,men
andwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.Islmic
MonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andall
thatIslmhasforbidden) He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays, Letthereariseoutofyouagroupofpeopleinvitingtoallthat
isgood(Islm),enjoiningAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo)andforbiddingAlMunkar(polytheism
anddisbeliefandallthatIslmhasforbidden).Anditistheywhoarethesuccessful. He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
alsosays, Invite(mankind,OMuhammad)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withthe
DivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewiththeminawaythatisbetter. He(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)alsosays, ByAl Asr(thetime). Verily,manisinloss, Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmic
Monotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommendoneanothertothetruth[i.e.orderoneanothertoperformallkindsof
gooddeeds(AlM a ruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeeds(AlMunkarwhichAllhhas
forbidden],andrecommendoneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,andinjurieswhichonemayencounterinAllhsCause
duringpreachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd). Thisisthewayi.e.cooperationinrighteousness
andTaqwa(fearingAllahasHeshouldbefeared),exchangeofadvicetofollowAlHaqq(the
truth),invitingpeopletogoodness,propagationofvirtueandpreventionofviceamongthem
usinglenientwordsandkindness,sothatgoodnessprevailsand

(PartNo:7,PageNo:128)

evilsubsides.Thisisrequiredfromeveryone,whetherthestate,thescholars,thecharitable
people,eminentMuslimsorlaypeople,eachaccordingtohiscapacity.However,lenient,kind
wordsshouldbeusedinordertospreadgoodnessandeliminateevil.

www.ircpk.com

Q7:ItisnoticedthattheMultazim(practicingMuslim)youthpayvigilantattentiontoDin
(religion)andenthusiasmtoencouragegoodnessandforbidMunkar(thatwhichis
unacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect).Doyouthink
thatthisisapraisedmatterthathasresultedfromtheIslamicawarenessoftoday?

A : Yes,theIslamicawarenessoftoday,allpraisebetoAllahAlone,facilitatedtheactivityof
youthtodogoodandincreasedtheirconcernforIslamandtheirkeennesstoacquire
knowledge.AllthispleaseseveryMuslimandreflectsgoodsigns.Notonlytheenthusiasm
referredtointhequestionwhichisoneofthefruitsoftheIslamicawareness,butithelpsthe
spreadofthelatteraswell.Consequently,Islamicawarenesshastobepromotedand
directed.Finally,Iadviseyouthtorefertoscholarsregardingthingsaboutwhichtheyarenot
sure,tobemoderate,andtoavoidhastinessandexcessiveness.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:129)

RulingonTawassulthroughthehonoroftheProphet

Q:WereceivedaletterfromFawwazMuhammad`AlyfromIraq,thecityofNineveh.Hesays:
WhatistherulingonaMuslimwhoperformsalltheFara'id(obligatoryacts)butmakes
Tawassul(supplicatingtoAllah)byvirtueofthehonoroftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)?Is
itpermissibletoconsiderthispersonaMushrik(onewhoassociatesotherswithAllahinHis
Divinityorworship)?Please,enlightenus.MayAllahenlightenyou!

A : AMuslimbelievesintheDivineUnityofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),supplicatesto
Himalone,believesHeistheTruedeityandknowsthatthestatement"thereisnotruegod
butAllah"meansthatthereistrulynooneworthyofworshipexceptAllah(ExaltedbeHe).He
atteststhatMuhammadistheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)senttoJinnand
humans.Thus,atrueMuslimatteststothetwoTestificationsofFaith,believesthatAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)isOneandbelievesintheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim).However,
ifaMuslimcommitsasinsuchasZina(premaritalsexualintercourseand/oradultery)ortheft
ordealsinRiba(usury/interest),withoutbelievingintheirlawfulnessbutoutoffollowing
desiresandSatan,theywillhaveweakFaith.AsformakingTawassulbyvirtueofthehonorof
theProphet(peacebeuponhim)suchassaying"OAllah!IaskYoubythehonorof
Muhammad"or"IaskYoubythestatusofMuhammad",thisisaBid`ah(innovationin
religion)accordingtothemajorityofscholars.ItweakensFaithbutitdoesnotconsiderthe
personwhodoesthisaMushrikoraKafir(nonMuslim).AnyonewhomakesTawassulthrough
unlawfulmeansremainsaMuslimbutwithweakFaith,forthistypeofsindoesnottakea
MuslimoutsideofthefoldofIslam.Moreover,Du`a'(supplication)anditsmeansareTawqifiy
(boundbyareligioustextandnotamenabletopersonalopinion)andthereisnotext
supportingthelawfulnessoftheinnovatedTawassulbyvirtueofProphetMuhammad(peace
beuponhim),byotherprophets,bytheProphet'sstatus,byotherprophets'status,by
someone'shonor,by`Aly'shonororbythehonoroftheProphet'shousehold.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:130)

TheseareallBid`ahsthatshouldbeabandoned.Inaddition,theyarenotactsofShirk
(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)buttheyareamongthemeans
leadingtoShirk.AnyonewhocommitsthissinwillnotbeconsideredaMushrikbuttheywill
becommittingaBid`ahthatweakenstheirFaith.ThisisaccordingtothemajorityofMuslim
scholars,sincethemeansofmakingDu`a'areTawqifiy.AMuslimmaymakeTawassul
throughAllah'sNamesandAttributes.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: And(all)theMostBeautifulNames
belongtoAllh,socallonHimbythem AMuslimmaymakeTawssulthroughtheirTawhid(beliefinthe
OnenessofAllah)andIman(belief),asstatedinaHadithwheretheProphet(peacebeupon
him)said, "OAllah!IaskYoubearingwitnessthatYouareAllahandthereisnodeitybutYou,theOne,theSelfSufficient
Master,WhobegetsnotnorwasHebegotten,andtoWhomthereisnonecoequalorcomparable." Thisisanexampleof
makingTawassulthroughTawhid.AnotherexampleofmakingTawassulthroughgooddeeds
canbefoundintheHadithofthepeopletrappedinthecave.Whentheysoughtshelterinthe
cavefromrainandintendedtospendthenight,ahugerockfelltrappingtheminsideandthey
wereunabletomoveit.Sotheysaidtooneanother,"Nothingwillsaveyoufromthissituation
exceptsupplicatingtoAllahbyvirtueofyourrighteousdeeds,"andtheydid.Oneofthem
madeTawassulbybeingdutifultohisparentsandtherockmovedalittle.Theothermade
TawassulbyvirtueofhisabstinencefromcommittingZina.Hehadacousinwhomhelovedso
muchandwantedtohavesexualintercoursewithbutsherefused.Oneyear,whentherewas
afamineandshewasinneed,sheaskedhimforhelp.Heagreedtohelpherprovidedshe
grantedhimhiswish,andsheyieldedtohim.Indeed,hegaveher120Dinar(oldArabcoin
thatequals2.975gramsofgold),butwhenhewasabouttohaveintercoursewithher,she
said,"FearAllahanddonotdeflowermeunlawfully."HefearedAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)and
movedawayfromherwithoutcommittingZinaandleftthegoldwithher.Hesaid,"OAllah!If
YouknowonlyIdidthatforYourSake,removethedistressinwhichweare."Therockmoved
asidealittle

(PartNo:7,PageNo:131)

buttheywerestillunabletogetout.ThethirdonemadeTawassulbyvirtueofhisrendering
backthetrust.Hesaidhehadatrustleftbysomeofhisworkerswhichhedevelopedand
increaseduntilitbecameagreatamountofwealthwithcamels,cows,sheepandslaves.
Whentheworkerreturned,hegavehimtheentireamountandsaid,"OAllah,ifYouknowI
didthatonlyforYourSake,removethedistressinwhichweare."Therockmovedandthey
wereabletogetoutofthecave.ThisHadithshowsthatmakingTawassulthroughgooddeeds
makesthesupplicationmorelikelytobeanswered,whilemakingTawassulwiththehonorof
Muhammad(peacebeuponhim),thehonorofanotherperson,thehonorofAlSiddiq,thehonor
o f`Umar,thehonorof`Aly,thehonoroftheProphet'shouseholdoranyoneisaBid`ahthathas www.ircpk.com
noorigininreligion.LawfulTawassulcanbemadethroughAllah'sNamesandAttributesor
throughbeliefinHim,likesaying,"OAllah,IaskYoubyvirtueofmybeliefinYou,""...my
beliefinYourProphet)"or"...myloveforYou,"or"myloveforYourProphet".Alltheseforms
areacceptableandarelawfulwaysofsupplicatingAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Inaddition,
someonemaymakeTawassulthroughtheirTawhidsuchassaying,"OAllah!IaskYoubearing
witnessthatYouareAllahandthereisnodeitybutYou,theOneandtheOnly".Itisalso
permissibletomakeTawassultoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)throughbeingdutifultoparents,
observingtheperformanceofprayerandabstinencefromcommittingZina.Allthesemeans
arelawfulandsupportedbyscholarsandknowledgeablepeopleinBasra.MakingTawassulby
virtueofthehonoroftheProphet(peacebeuponhim),thehonorofanotherpersonorthe
statusofsomeoneisaBid`ahandwehavealreadyexplainedthatthemajorityofscholars
haveagreedonitsimpermissibility.AllahistheGrantorofsuccess.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:132)

Clarifyingthoseexcusedforignorance

inmattersof`AqidahandFiqh

Q:AMuslimbrotherfromtheArabRepublicofEgyptasks:Whoarethoseexcusedfortheir
ignorance?CanapersonbeexcusedfortheirignoranceinmattersofFiqh(Islamic
jurisprudence),`Aqidah(creed)andTawhid(monotheism)?Whatistheroleofscholarsinthis
regard?

A : Beingexcusedduetoignoranceisamatterthatneedselaborationandnotanyonecanbe
excusedduetotheirignorance.Thus,theexcuseduetoignorancecannotbeappliedto
teachingsofIslammadeclearbytheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)andtheQur'an
andthatwhichhasspreadamongMuslims,especiallyinmattersrelatedto`Aqidah(creed)
andtheprinciplesofreligion.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)sentHisProphet(peacebe
uponhim)toexplaintopeopletheirreligionandclarifyittothem.Indeed,heconveyedthe
message,showedthenationtherealityofthereligion,explainedeverythingandleftitonthe
RightPath.Moreover,intheQur'an,thereisguidanceandlight.SometeachingsareMa`lum
minaddinbiddarurah(wellestablishedreligiousmatters)andarespreadamongMuslims.If
someoneclaimsthatShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)and
worshippinganyoneotherthanAllahisnotprohibited,thatSalah(Prayer),fastingin
RamadanorZakaharenotobligatoryorthatHajjisnotobligatoryforwhoevercanaffordit,
theirclaimwillnotbeacceptedonthebasisofignorancesincetheyliveamongMuslimsand
thesemattersareknowntoeveryone.TheyareMa`lumminaddinbiddarurahandareknown
toallMuslims,thussuchpeople

(PartNo:7,PageNo:133)

cannotbeexcusedduetotheirignorance.Similarly,someonemayclaimtheydonotknowitis
forbiddentodowhatMushriks(thosewhoassociateotherswithAllahinHisDivinityor
worship)do,whovisitthegravesandcalluponidols,supplicate,slaughter,orvowforthem.
OtherMushriksslaughteranimalsforidols,planets,trees,orstones.Theymayseektreatment
orvictoryfromthedeadpeople,idols,jinn,angels,prophetsoranyone.Allofthesepractices
areMa`lumminaddinbiddarurahtobemajorShirk.AllahshowsthisfactintheGlorious
Qur'an.TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)remainedinMakkahforthirteenyears,
duringwhichhewarnedpeopleagainstShirk,apartfromanothertenyearshespentinMadinah.
He(peacebeuponhim)conveyedtopeopletheobligationofworshippingAllahaloneand
recitedtothemtheQur'aninwhichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says: AndyourLordhasdecreedthatyou
worshipnonebutHim. He(GlorifiedbeHe)says: You(Alone)weworship,andYou(Alone)weaskforhelp(foreachand
everything). AndHe(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andtheywerecommandednot,butthattheyshould
worshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim) He(GlorifiedbeHe)also
says: SoworshipAllh(Alone)bydoingreligiousdeedssincerelyforAllhssakeonly. Surelythereligion(i.e.theworshipand
theobedience)isforAllhonly. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)saysalso: Say(OMuhammad):"Verily,my
Salt(prayer),mysacrifice,myliving,andmydyingareforAllh,theLordoftheAlamn(mankind,jinnandallthatexists). "He
AllahaddressestheMessenger
hasnopartner.AndofthisIhavebeencommanded,andIamthefirstoftheMuslims."
(peacebeuponhim)saying: Verily,Wehavegrantedyou(OMuhammad)AlKauthar(ariverin
Paradise). ThereforeturninprayertoyourLordandsacrifice(toHimonly). Inaddition,Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)says: AndthemosquesareforAllh(Alone):soinvokenotanyonealongwithAllh. He(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)says:

(PartNo:7,PageNo:134)

Andwhoeverinvokes(orworships),besidesAllh,anyotherilh(god),ofwhomhehasnoproofthenhisreckoningisonlywithhis
Lord.Surely!AlKfirn(thedisbelieversinAllhandintheOnenessofAllh,polytheists,pagans,idolaters)willnotbesuccessful.
Mockingatthereligion,vilifying,insultingormakingfunofitareallactsofmajorKufr
(disbelief)whosecommittercannotbeexcusedduetoignorance.ItisMa`lumminaddin
biddarurahthatcursingreligion,insultingtheProphet(peacebeuponhim),makingfunofthe
religionandmockingitareallactsofmajorKufr.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Say:"WasitatAllh(
),andHisAyt(proofs,evidence,verses,lessons,signs,revelations)andHisMessenger()thatyouwere
mocking?" Makenoexcuseyoudisbelievedafteryouhadbelieved.

Thus,itisthedutyofscholarseverywheretospreadthebasicreligiousknowledgeamong
peopleandespeciallyamongthepublic,sothattheymayhavenoexcuseandthushaveto
abandontheforbiddenpracticessuchascallinguponthedeadandseekingtheirhelp.No
matterwheretheyare,whethertheyareinEgypt,AlSham(TheLevant),Iraq,MadinahattheProphet's
grave,Makkahoranywhereelse.Peopleingeneralandpilgrimsinparticularmustpayattention
andlearnShar`iah(Islamiclaw)andteachingsofIslam.Scholars'silenceleadstothepublic's www.ircpk.com
doomandignorance.Consequently,scholarseverywhereshouldconveyreligiontothepeople,
teachthemTawhidandshowthemthedifferenttypesofShirksoastoavoidthemand
worshipAllahalone.SomeexamplesofShirkpracticesarethosetakingplaceatthegraveof
A lBadawy,A lHusayn(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim),Shaykh`AbdulQadirAlJilany,theProphet(peace
beuponhim)atMadinahandothergraves.Thusscholarsmustwarnpeopleagainstthese
practicesandteachthemthatworshipisthesoleRightofAllahwithoutapartner.Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andtheywerecommandednot,butthattheyshouldworshipAllh,andworship
nonebutHimAlone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim)

(PartNo:7,PageNo:135)

He(GlorifiedbeHe)says: SoworshipAllh(Alone)bydoingreligiousdeedssincerelyforAllhssakeonly. Surelythe


religion(i.e.theworshipandtheobedience)isforAllhonly. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: AndyourLordhas
decreedthatyouworshipnonebutHim. Hence,MuslimscholarsinallMuslimcountriesandinareasof
MuslimminoritiesshouldteachpeopleTawhidandexplaintothemthetruemeaningof
worshippingAllah.Furthermore,theyshouldwarnpeopleagainstShirkwhichisthegreatest
sinandclarifythatAllahbasicallycreatedjinnandhumanstoworshipHim.Allah(Glorifiedbe
He)says: AndI(Allh)creatednotthejinnandmankindexceptthattheyshouldworshipMe(Alone). WorshippingAllah
entailsobeyingHim,obeyingtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim),worshipingAllah
alonesincerelyandturningtoHim.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Omankind!WorshipyourLord(Allh),Who
createdyouandthosewhowerebeforeyousothatyoumaybecomeAlMuttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2).

Ontheotherhand,somemattersthatmaynotbeknowntoallpeoplesuchasthoserelatedto
transactions,Salah,andSawminthiscase,ignorancemaybeusedasanexcuse.For
example,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)excusedsomeonewhoenteredthestateofIhram
(ritualstateforHajjand`Umrah)wearingalongcloakwhichwaslaterstainedwithmud.The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)saidtotheman, "Takeoffyourcloakandwashawaythetracesofscentfromyour
bodyanddoinyourUmrahwhatyoudoinyourHajj." He(peacebeuponhim)didnotorderthemantooffer
Fidyah(ransom)butheexcusedhimduetohisignorance.Thereareothermattersofreligion
thatarenotknowntopeopleandwhichtheyshouldbetaught.However,violatingthe
principlesof`Aqidah,thepillarsofIslam,andthewellknownprohibitedactsarenottobe
excused

(PartNo:7,PageNo:136)

onthepleaofignorance.If,forexample,aMuslimlivingamongMuslimssaystheydonot
knowthatZina(premaritalsexualintercourseand/oradultery),beingundutifultoparentsor
sodomyisprohibited,theyarenotexcusedfortheirignorance.Rather,theyshouldbe
disciplined,asalloftheseactsareknownamongMuslimstobeprohibited.

Nevertheless,ifsuchapersonislivinginaplacewherethecallhasnotreachedthemorin
AfricawheretherearenoMuslimsnearby,theymaybeexcusedforignorance.Iftheydieinthis
state,theiraffairsarelefttoAllahandtheytakethesamerulingasAhlulFatrah(thoseto
whomDa`wahhasnotreachedinanuncorruptedmanner).Themostauthenticviewisthat
theywillbetestedontheDayofResurrectioniftheyanswerandobeyAllah,theywillenter
Paradise,butiftheydisobeyAllah,theywillbecastinHellfire.Thesituationistotally
differentforsomeonelivingamongMuslimsiftheycommitactsofKufrandabandonwell
knownobligationsofIslam.Thispersonisnottobeexcused,asthematterisclearand
Muslimsarearound,allpraisebetoAllah.Theyfast,performHajjandknowthatZina,Khamr
(intoxicant)andbeingundutifultoparentsareprohibited.Allofthesearecommonknowledge
amongMuslimsandclaimingtobeignorantofthemisvoid.ItisAllahAloneWhosehelpcan
besought.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:137)

Rulingonkeepingawayfromone'smother

Q:AbrotherfromJizansaysthataseekerofknowledgeperformsSalah(Prayer),observes
Sawm(Fast),andgivesSadaqah(voluntarycharity),butsadlyhekeepsawayfromhismother.
DohisSalah,Sadaqah,andSawmavailhim,bearinginmindthattheconcernedmotherisa
believerandisknownforbeingapracticingMuslimwhoperformsSalahandobservesSawm?

A : Keepingoneselfawayfromone'smotherisagraveMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableor
disapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)andaformofundutifulnessto
parents.Consequently,themanmentionedinthequestionhastomakeTawbah(repentance
toAllah),bedutifulandkindtohismother,andaskhertoforgivehim.Hemuststopbeing
undutifultoher,sincethisisagraveMunkarandamajorsinwhichshouldbeabandoned.
Again,thismanhastoapologizetohismother,seekherpleasure,andmakeTawbah.Onthe
otherhand,hisSalah,Sawm,andotherkindsof`Ibadah(worship)donotbecomeBatil(null
andvoid).Allhisactsof`Ibadahandgooddeedsarevalidaslongasheperformstheminthe
Shar`y(Islamiclegal)way.Nevertheless,suchaperson'sIman(Faith/belief)becomesweak
asitdecreasesbecauseofthissin.Thisisbecause,accordingtoAhlulSunnahwalJama`ah(those
adheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody),sinsdecreaseandweakenImanthoughwhoevercommits
themdoesnotbecomeaKafir(disbeliever).OnlyKhawarij(separatistgroupthatbelievescommittingamajorsin
amountstodisbelief)areoftheviewthatapersonisdeemedasKafirbycommittingamajorsin.
However,KhawarijareconsideredunjustandmistakenforholdingthisviewaccordingtoAhlul
SunnahwalJama`ah.ThelatterareoftheviewthatsinsdecreaseIman,butwhoevercommitsthem
doesnotbecomeaKafirandwillnotbepunishedeternallyintheFire.Rather,apersonwho
commitsasinisdisobedientandtheirsinsdecreaseandweakentheirImanandmakethem
liabletotheWrathofAllah.Atthesametime,suchaperson

(PartNo:7,PageNo:138)

isindangerofbeingpunishedintheFirealthoughtheyarenotKafirs.Itisworthmentioning
thatevenifthatpersonispunishedintheFire,theywillnotresideeternallytherein.
AccordingtotheviewofAhlulSunnahwalJama`ah,thedisobedientwillnotresideeternally
intheFireiftheyarethrownintoitonlybecauseoftheirsins.

Inshort,thefactthatthismaniscommittingamajorsinbykeepingawayfromhismother
andbeingundutifultoherisnotareasonthatmakeshimaKafirorrendershisgooddeeds
Batil.However,ifapersonconsidersthatbeingundutifultoparentsisHalal(lawful),theywill
beregardedasKafirs.WeseekrefugewithAllah(ExaltedbeHe)fromconsidering
undutifulnesstoparentsHalalforwhoeverdoessoorconsidersacts,likeRiba(usury)orZina
(premaritalsexualintercourseand/oradultery),HalalisanapostateKafir.Asforignorant
Mushriks(thosewhoassociateotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)whogrowupina
veryfarcountrythatdoesnotknowaboutIslam,theyhavetobetaughttherulingsofIslam
andinformedthatundutifulnesstoparentsisHaram(prohibited)whiledutifulnesstoparents
isWajib(obligatory)foreveryMuslim.Ifthismatterismadecleartotheignorantpersonand
towhoeverembracesIslamandtheyinsistonconsideringundutifulnesstoparentsHalal,they
willbeconsideredKafirs.WeseekrefugewithAllah(ExaltedbeHe)fromthis.Finally,if
undutifulnesstoparentsiscommittedbyaseekerofknowledge,thesinisconsideredworse.
WeseekrefugewithAllah(ExaltedbeHe)fromthis.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:139)

DescribingtheMuslimUmmahofilliteracy

Atmanytimes,wereadinnewspapersandseeadvertisementsinstreetscondemning
illiteracyandcountingitasoneofthesignsofbackwardness.Nevertheless,Allah(Exaltedbe
He)describesourUmmah(nationbasedononecreed)asbeingilliterate: HeitisWhosentamong
theunletteredonesaMessenger(Muhammad)fromamongthemselves Pleaseclarifythis.
Muhammad`ARiyadh.

Answer:TheUmmahofMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)whetherArabsornonArabsdidnot
usetoreadorwrite,thisiswhytheywerecalledilliterate.Thosewhousedtoreadandwrite
amongstthemwereveryfewcomparedtoothers.Besides,ourProphetMuhammad(peacebe
uponhim)didnotknowhowtoreadorwrite,asAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Neitherdidyou(O
Muhammad)readanybookbeforeit(thisQurn),nordidyouwriteanybook(whatsoever)withyourrighthand.
Inthatcase,indeed,thefollowersoffalsehoodmighthavedoubted. Infact,theforegoingpointwasoneofthe
proofsforthetruthoftheProphet'sMessageandProphethood,forhecametopeoplewitha
greatBook(Qur'an)whichwasrevealedbyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andbroughtdowntohimby
Jibril(Gabriel,peacebeuponhim)theTrustworthySoul,bywhichtheProphet(peacebeupon
him)miraculouslyamazedtheArabsandnonArabs.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsorevealedto
himthePurifiedSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet)alongwithmuchknowledge
oftheforefathers.Inaddition,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)informedtheProphet(peacebeupon
him)ofmanythingsthathappenedduringtheoldentimesandmanythingsthatwillhappen
duringthelasttimesandontheDayofResurrection.Furthermore,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)told
theProphet(peacebeuponhim)aboutthestatusofJannah(Paradise)andhellfireandtheir
inhabitants.AllthiswasamanifestationthatAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)favoredtheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)overallotherpeopleandawayoftellinghumanityaboutthesuperior
rankoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim).GivingsuchpreferencetotheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)thoughdescribinghimasbeingilliteratewasaveryclearsignfortheverityofthe
Prophet'sProphethoodandMessage.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:140)

Thus,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Neitherdidyou(OMuhammad)readanybookbeforeit(this
Q u rn),nordidyouwriteanybook(whatsoever)withyourrighthand.Inthatcase,indeed,thefollowersoffalsehoodmighthave
doubted. Ontheotherhand,describingthisUmmahasbeingilliteratedoesnotmeanto
encourageitspeopletocontinuebeingso.Rather,itismeanttoinformthemabouttheirreal
conditionatthetimewhenAllah(ExaltedbeHe)sentProphetMuhammad(peacebeupon
him)tothem.Conversely,bothQur'anandSunnahencouragelearning,writing,and
eliminatingilliteracy.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)thussays: Say:Arethosewhoknowequaltothosewhoknow
not? Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!Whenyouaretoldtomakeroomintheassemblies,
(spreadoutand)makeroom.Allhwillgiveyou(ample)room(fromHisMercy).Andwhenyouaretoldtoriseup[forprayers,or
Jihd(holyfightinginAllhscause),orforanyothergooddeed],riseup.Allhwillexaltindegreethoseofyouwhobelieve,and
thosewhohavebeengrantedknowledge. He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Itisonlythosewhohaveknowledgeamong
Moreover,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Whoeverfollowsapathinpursuitof
HisslavesthatfearAllh.
(RelatedbyImamMusliminhisSahih'authentic'Book
knowledge,AllahwillfacilitateforthemapathtoJannah.
ofHadith).He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: WhenAllahwantstodogoodtoaperson,Hemakeshim
comprehendDin(religion). (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim).Therearemanyother
Ayahs(Qur'anicverses)andHadithtothesameeffect.MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:141)

Therewardofthepatientinthisworldandinthehereafter

Q:CouldyoupleasetellusabouttherewardthatAllahpreparesforthepatientinthisworld
andinthehereafterandthosewhoareobedienttoHim(ExaltedbeHe)?

A : Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)createdmankindandJinn(creaturescreatedfromfire)toworship
HimAloneandnottoassociateanypartnerwithHim.He(ExaltedbeHe)thussays: AndI(Allh)
creatednotthejinnandmankindexceptthattheyshouldworshipMe(Alone). Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: O
mankind!WorshipyourLord(Allh),WhocreatedyouandthosewhowerebeforeyousothatyoumaybecomeAlMuttaqn(thepious
SeeV.2:2). The`Ibadah(worship)thatmankindandJinnarecreatedforandcommandedtodo
istoobeyAllah(ExaltedbeHe),avoidHisprohibitions,andmentionHimabundantly.The
essenceof`IbadahistobelieveinTawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah)andtomanifestthis
throughmakingDu`a'(supplication)toAllahAlone,fearingAllahAlone,longingforHisMercy,
andbeingsinceretoHiminallformsof`IbadahsuchasSalah(Prayer),Sawm(Fast),andso
on.

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)promisesHisobedientslavesthatHewillbestowuponthemabundant
goodnessandpraisedrewardsinthisworldandinthehereafter.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)
promisedthemthatHewillgrantthemJannah(Paradise)anddignityintheHereafter.Thus,
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Sobepatient.Surely,the(good)endisforAlMuttaqn(thepious) Allah(Exaltedbe
He)alsosays: butgivegladtidingstoAsSbirn(thepatient). Who,whenafflictedwithcalamity,say:"Truly!ToAllhwe
belongandtruly,toHimweshallreturn." TheyarethoseonwhomaretheSalawt(i.e.whoareblessedandwillbeforgiven)from
theirLord,and(theyarethosewho)receiveHisMercy,anditistheywhoaretheguidedones. He(ExaltedbeHe)also
says: Onlythosewhoarepatientshallreceivetheirrewardinfull,withoutreckoning. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)alsosays: Whoeverworksrighteousnesswhethermaleorfemalewhilehe(orshe)isatruebeliever(ofIslmic
Monotheism)verily,tohimWewillgiveagoodlife(inthisworldwithrespect,contentmentandlawfulprovision),andWeshallpay
themcertainlyarewardinproportiontothebestofwhattheyusedtodo(i.e.ParadiseintheHereafter).

(PartNo:7,PageNo:142)

Moreover,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Nobodyisgivenablessingbetterandgreaterthanpatience.
He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: Wonderfularetheaffairsofabeliever,forthereisgoodineveryaffairofthem.If
theyhaveanoccasiontofeeldelight,theythank'Allah',thusthereisgoodfortheminitandiftheysufferfromanaffliction,they
endureitpatiently,whichisgoodforthem.Thisisnotthecasewithanyoneelseexceptabeliever. Thus,thepatient
personhasapraisedrewardinthisworldandinthehereafterorhewillberewardedin
Jannahanddignifiedinthehereafter.Itisworthmentioningthatsucharewardwillonlybe
giventothepatientpersonwhoshowspatienceregardingbeingpious,adherenceto
obedienceofAllah,andenduringthehardshipsthattheyencounterinthisworldpoverty,
illness,andsoon.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: ItisnotAlBirr(piety,righteousness,andeachandeveryactof
obediencetoAllh,etc.)thatyouturnyourfacestowardseastand(or)west(inprayers)butAlBirris(thequalityof)theonewho
believesinAllh,theLastDay,theAngels,theBook,theProphets untilHissaying: andwhoarepatientinextremepoverty
andailment(disease)andatthetimeoffighting(duringthebattles).SucharethepeopleofthetruthandtheyareAlMuttaqn(the
pious).

Generallyspeaking,patienceandpietyalwaysleadtopraisedconsequences.Allah(Exalted
beHe)tellsthebelieversregardingtheirenemy: ButifyouremainpatientandbecomeAlMuttaqn[thepious
SeeV.2:2],nottheleastharmwilltheircunningdotoyou.Surely,Allhsurroundsallthattheydo.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:143)

RulingonseekinghelpofsorcererstoremoveSihr

Q:IsitpermissibleformetoseekthehelpofasorcereronlytoremoveSihr(sorcery)from
theplantsofacourtyard?PleasereplyquicklybecauseIamindireneedtogetridofsuch
Sihr.MayAllahrewardyouwiththebest.Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh
(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)AwomanfromTa'if

A:Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh.Tocommence:

Itisnotpermissibleforapersontoseekthehelpofsorcerersregardinganymatter.Rather,
authoritiesindifferentcountrieshavetokillthemifitisproventhroughlegalcourtsthatthey
practiceSihr.IadviseyoutofearAllah(GlorifiedbeHe),askHimtograntyourecoveryand
protectionagainstallevils,andtoseekrefugewiththePerfectWordsofAllahfromtheevils
ofwhatHe(ExaltedbeHe)createdthreetimesinthemorningandintheevening.Likewise,I
recommendthatyousay:"IntheNameofAllah,whenWhoseNameismentionednothingon
EarthorinHeavencancauseharm,andHeistheHearer,theKnower"threetimesinthe
morningandintheeveningandthatyoureciteAyatulKursy(theQuranicVerseofAllahs
Chair,SurahAlBaqarah,2:255)ongoingtobedandaftereveryobligatorySalah(Prayer)
followingthereadingofAdhkar(invocationsandRemembrancessaidatcertaintimesona
regularbasis).Moreover,youmayreadSurahs(Qur'anicchapters): Say(OMuhammad
):"HeisAllh,(the)One. and Say:"Iseekrefugewith(Allh),theLordofthedaybreak, and Say:"Iseekrefugewith
(Allh)theLordofmankind, threetimesafterFajr(Dawn)Prayer,afterMaghrib(Sunset)Prayer,and
ongoingtobed.Ifyoufollowtheforegoingyouwill,InshaaAllah(ifAllahwills),getridof
allevilsastheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)said.MayAllahgrantyourecoveryandprotect
youagainstallevils.

Finally,itismyopinionthatsuchanaffairhastoberaisedtothechairmanoftheCouncilof
SeniorScholarsinTa'if.Heshouldbeinformedabouttheplaceofresidenceoftheconcerned
personwhoisaccusedofSihr.Wecanthentakelegalactionagainsthimsothatthecourt
decideswhatisnecessary.MayAllahguideusalltowhatpleasesHim.Assalamu`alaykum
warahmatullahwabarakatuh.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:144)

Invokingcursesuponothersisamajorsin

Itisawidespreadphenomenonamongpeoplethattheyinvokecursesupononeanotherfor
theslightestreason,suchascursingaspecificperson,parents,orrelatives.Wouldyour
EminenceclarifyhowbadistheeffectofthatonthereligionoftheMuslim?

Mr.I.S.fromRiyadh

A : UnjustcursingofaMuslimisamajorandmanifestsin.Ifapersoncurseshisparents,the
sinbecomesbiggerandgraver.ItisauthenticallyreportedfromtheProphet(peacebeupon
him)thathesaid: Cursingabelieverislikekillinghim. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariand
Muslim).TheProphet(peacebeupon)alsosaid: Theinvokerofacursewouldneitherbewitnessnorintercessor
ontheDayofResurrection. NarratedbyMusliminhisSahih.TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceand
Blessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: AbusingaMuslimisFusuq(evildoing)andkillinghimisKufr(disbelief)." (Agreed
uponbyAlBukhariandMuslim).TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)
alsosaystohisCompanions: ShouldIinformyouaboutthegreatestofthemajorsins?Theysaid:Yes,OAllah's
Messenger!Hesaid:ToassociateothersinworshipwithAllahandtobeundutifultoone'sparents,andIwarnyouagainstgivinga
falsesayingorwitness. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim)..Thereisnodoubtthat
invokingacurseuponone'sparentsisconsideredoneoftheworstformsofingratitude.All
Muslims,ingeneral,andallchildren,inparticular,mustbewareofsuchcrime.Theymustall
purifytheirtonguesfromittosavethemselvesfromtheAngerandPunishmentofAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)andtopreserveloveandbrotherhoodamongMuslimsandbetweenchildren
andparents.

MayAllahguideMuslimstodoallgood!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:145)

Rulingonkillinginsectsfoundathome

suchasantsandcockroaches

Q:Isitpermissibletoburnorkillbywatertheinsectsthatarefoundinhouses,suchasants
andcockroaches?

A : Iftheseinsectsareharmful,itispermissibletokillthembyinsecticidesandthelike,notby
burning.TheProphet(peacebeuponhimsaid): Fivekindsofanimalsareharmfulandmaybekilledeveninthe
Haram(allareaswithintheSacredSanctuaryofMakkah):Thecrow,thekite,thescorpion,themouse,andtherabiddog.
Accordingtoanotherauthenticnarration,theviperwasmentionedamongtheanimalsthat
maybekilled.

ThisauthenticHadithreportedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)indicatesthe
permissibilityofkillingharmfulcreatures,suchasants,cockroaches,mosquitoes,flies,and
predators.However,ifantscausenoharm,theyarenottobekilled. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
prohibitedkillingants,bees,hoopoes,andsparrowhawks. Thiscaseonlyapplieswhentheycausenoharm.

However,whenharmisperceived,theytakethesamerulingoftheharmfulanimals
mentionedintheHadith.MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:146)

Encouragingpatienceandenduranceattimesofadversity

Q:Whatistherulingonrepudiatingevil?Isitjustaformofenduringaffliction?Whatabout
theauthenticityoftheHadithsencouragingpatienceattimesofaffliction?

A : Itisnotaformofpraisedendurancetoendureevilwithoutforbiddingit.Itisobligatoryto
denounceevilwheneveritisfoundbyone'shandi.e.physicalremoval,byone'stonguei.e.
speakingagainstit,orbyone'shearti.e.dislikingit,accordingone'sability.Allah(Glorifiedbe
He)says, Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(on
thepeople)AlM a rf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.
polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslmhasforbidden) Thus,allMuslimsshoulddenounceevil
whenevertheyareafflictedtherewithe.g.inhouses,androads.Theyarenottotolerateevil
atall.

AsfortheHadithsonthemeritofbeingpatientattimesofaffliction,theyaresomany.For
example,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, TheProphetsexperiencetheworstcalamitiesinthisworld.
Then,therighteouspeople,andthosewhoaremostsimilartothem. ThisisanauthenticHadith.TheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid Wonderfularetheaffairsofabelieverforthereisgoodineveryaffairofhisthisisnot
thecasewithanyoneelseexceptabeliever.Ifhehasanoccasiontofeeldelight,hethanks(Allah),thusthereisgoodforhiminit.If
hesuffersaffliction,heendurespatiently,whichisgoodforhim. ReportedbyImamMusliminhisSahihBookof
HadithfromSuhaybIbnSinan(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim).Allah(mayHebePraised)saysin
HisNobleBook: Andcertainly,Weshalltestyouwithsomethingoffear,hunger,lossofwealth,livesandfruits,butgiveglad
tidingstoAsSbirn(thepatient). Who,whenafflictedwithcalamity,say:"Truly!ToAllhwebelongandtruly,toHimweshall
return." TheyarethoseonwhomaretheSalawt(i.e.whoareblessedandwillbeforgiven)fromtheirLord,and(theyarethose
who)receiveHisMercy,anditistheywhoaretheguidedones.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:147)

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays, Onlythosewhoarepatientshallreceivetheirrewardinfull,withoutreckoning.
Indeed,therearemanyAyahs(Qura'nicverses)andHadithsinthisregard.MayAllahmake
allofusofthosewhoarepatient.HeistheGenerous,theGracious.Itisalsoreportedthat
theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said,onthemeritofpatienceattimesofadversity, Adversity
willcontinueafflictingthebelievingmanandthebelievingwomaninhis/herbody,property,orchildrenuntils/hemeetsAllahsinless.
ReportedbyAhmadinhisMusnadfromAbuHurayrah.

Somepeoplethinkthatthosewhoareafflictedwithsicknessanddiseasesaredamned.
However,itisuntrue,forAllah(ExaltedbeHe)mayafflictsomewhoaredeartoHimlikethe
Prophets,Messengers,righteouspeople,andsoon,withdiseaseanddisasters.Itisalready
citedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: TheProphetsexperiencetheworstcalamitiesinthisworld...
ThiswasthecasewithProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)himselfinMakkah,ontheDay
oftheBattleofUhud,ontheBattleofAlAhzab,anduponhisdeath.Similarly,thiswasthe
casewithProphetAyyub(Job,peacebeuponhim),andProphetYunus(Jonah,peacebeupon
him).Thisraisestheminranksandincreasestheirreward.Theyarealsoagoodexamplefor
thosewhoareafflictedafterthemamonghumankind.

Amanmayalsobeafflictedwithprosperitylikeriches,women,children,andsoon.Therefore,
heshouldnotthinkthatheisdeartoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)unlessheisfullyobedient.Only
then,worldlygracesmaybeasignofdearnessbutitisnottheonlyprobability,fordearness
anddislikedifferaccordingtodifferentconditions.Evidently,worldlyblessingslikechildren,
money,andpositionsarenotevidenceofAllah'slove(ExaltedbeHe).

(PartNo:7,PageNo:148)

Indeed,onlyrighteousdeeds,piety,repentance,andreligiositymaydrawapersonnearto
Allah(ExaltedbeHe).Themoreapersonisperfectinthesecharacteristics,themoreheis
belovedbyAllah(ExaltedbeHe).

ItisreportedthatAllah'sMessenger(peacebeuponhim)said, Allahgivesworldlythingstothosewhom
HelovesandthosewhomHedoesnotlove,butHegivesreligionandtruefaithonlytothosewhomHeloves,sohewhoisgiven
religionbyAllahhasbeenlovedbyHim. Thus,whoeverisafflictedwithdisbeliefandsinsmaybedisliked
byAllah(ExaltedbeHe)insomecases.However,afflictionmaybeawaytoleadhimto
destructioninthesamemannerthatgracemaybeawaytoevilandloss.Allah(Exaltedbe
He)says, Weshallgraduallyseizethemwithpunishmentinwaystheyperceivenot. AndIrespitethemcertainlyMyPlanis
strong. ItisreportedthatAllah'sMessenger(peacebeuponhim)said, WhenyouseethatAllahgivesa
servanthisdesireswhileheisdisobeyingHim,thenknowthatsuchaservantisgraduallymadetofallintoloss.TheProphet(peace
beuponhim)thenreadAllah'ssaying, So,whentheyforgot(thewarning)withwhichtheyhadbeenreminded,Weopenedforthem www.ircpk.com
thegatesofevery(pleasant)thing,untilinthemidstoftheirenjoymentinthatwhichtheyweregiven,allofasudden,Wetookthem
(inpunishment),andlo!Theywereplungedintodestructionwithdeepregretsandsorrows. i.e.theybecomehopeless
ofeverygood.MayAllahsaveus!

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, DotheythinkthatinwealthandchildrenwithwhichWeenlargethem
Wehastenuntothemwithgoodthings.Nay,[itisaFitnah(trial)inthisworldlylifesothattheywillhavenoshareofgoodthingsin
theHereafter]buttheyperceivenot.[TafsirAlQurtubi].

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)mayalsoafflictsomepeoplewithdiseasesandsicknessesforcertain
wisdom,forexample,raisingtheirranksandremovingtheirsins,notoutofdislikingthem.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:149)

TheFourJuristicSchoolsandtheirauthenticity

Q:AretheFourMadhhabs:Hanbaly,Shafii`y,MalikyandHanafytrue?Whendidtheyappear?

A : TheseFourMadhhabsarewellknownschoolswhichhavespreadduringthesecond
centuryandthelatercenturies.AsfortheMadhhab(SchoolofJurisprudence)ofAbuHanifah,it
wasknownandspreadinthesecondcenturyaswellastheMadhhabofImamMalikwhich
spreadduringthesecondcenturytoo.AsfortheMadhhabsofImamAlShafi`yandAhmad,they
spreadduringthethirdcentury.Allofthesescholarssoughtgoodnessandguidanceandtheir
targetwastoseekthetruthwhichisimpliedintheBookofAllahandtheSunnahofthe
Messenger(peacebeuponhim).Thisdoesnotmeanthateachoneofthemisinfallibleand
errorlessbuteachonehashisownmistakesaccordingtotheknowledgetheygainedfromthe
SunnahandtheBookofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).

TheymaymisssomeknowledgefromtheBookofAllahandtheSunnahoftheProphet(peace
beuponhim)andpassafatwaaccordingtotheknowledgewhichtheyalreadyhave.These
arewellestablishedreligiousmattersaccordingtothepeopleofknowledge.

Likewise,thepeopleofknowledgesuchasAlAwza`y,IshaqibnRahwayh,SufyanAlThawry,Sufyanibn`Uyaynah,
Waki`ibnAlJarrahandotherwellknownscholarseachoneofthemobservedIjtihad(juristic
efforttoinferexpertlegalrulings)accordingtotheknowledgethattheyreceived,sowhoever
wascorrect,hasreceiveddoublerewardandwhoeverwentwrong,wouldhavetherewardof
hisIjtihaddespitetheerrormade.ThiswasreportedintheSunnahfromtheProphet(peace
beuponhim).MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:150)

IslamicMorals

AllpraisebetoAllah,theLordoftheworlds.Surelythegoodendisforthepious.MayPeaceandBlessings
ofAllahbeuponHisservant,Messenger,Khalil(beloved,closeelect),trustworthyonHisrevelationour
Prophet,Imam,andMasterMuhammadibnAbdullah,hisfamily,Companions,andthosewhofollowthem
tilltheDayofJudgment!

T h e objectiveofthisspeechistohighlighttheIslamicmoralswhicheveryMu'min(believer)manorwoman
shoulddevelopandadheretotillhis/herdeath.ThisisbecauseAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)createdtheJinnand
mankindonlytotrulyandsincerelyworshipHim.He(GlorifiedbeHe)promisedthemthebestrewardifthey
remainsteadfastinworshippingHim.Moreover,He(GlorifiedbeHe)createdJannah(Paradise)forHis
Awliya(thepiousworshippersofAllah)whoremainsteadfastthegoodmoralsthatHe(GlorifiedbeHe)
ordainsandcallsthemfor.Furthermore,HepromisedthemJannahandhonorinthehereafteralongwith
successandsupportfordoinggoodnessinthislife.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)madeHellfireasapunishmentfor
thosewhodeviateandshowarrogance,anditistheworstdestinationever.MayAllahgrantuswellbeing!

IslamicmoralsarethegoodmannersordainedintheGloriousQur'anbyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)orinthe
SunnahofProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)orthemannersofthosewhoarehighlypraisedby
AllahandHisMessengerandpromisedgreatrewardandvictory.Forsakingbadmannersisitselfapartof
havinggoodmoralsandtheLord(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)andHisProphet(peacebeuponhim)
promisedagreatrewardtothosewhoabandonevilmanners.CarryingoutAllah'scommandsandabstaining
fromdoingforbiddenactsisthecoreofthegoodmannerswhichAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)ordainedandcalled
believersto,orthosewhichHisProphet(peacebeuponhim)ordained,calledbelieversto,orpraisedthose
whodothem.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:151)

ThisistheoriginalmeaningofworshipforwhichJinnandmankindwerecreatedintheAyahinwhichAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndI(Allh)creatednotthejinnandmankindexceptthattheyshouldworshipMe
(Alone). ItmeansthattheyshouldworshipHim(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)bycarryingoutHiscommands
likeSalah(Prayer)andSawm(Fast).ThebestaservantcandoistobelievesincerelythatAllahistheOne.It
alsomeansforsakingwhatAllahhasforbidden.TheworstofthesebaddeedsisShirk(associatingothers
withAllahinHisDivinityorworship)andsupplicationtoanythingotherthanAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andother
formsofKufr(disbelief)andDalal(deviationfromwhatisright).

Thesemanners,whichincludecarryingoutobligationsandabstainingfromIslamicallyforbiddenpractices,
arethosewithwhichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hassentallHisMessengers(peacebeuponthem)fromAdam
thefirstMessengertomankindandNoahthefirstMessengersentbyAllahtomankindaftertheyassociated
otherswithHiminworship,tothelast,theSealandthebestoftheMessengersMuhammadibnAbdullah
(peacebeuponhim).AdamourforefatherwasthefirstMessengerandthenobleProphetwhowassentto
mankind.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)senthimtocallpeopletotheOnenessofAllah.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)
revealedsomedivinelawsforhimtofollow.Heandhisposterityobedientlyfollowedthemtillthepeopleof
NoahassociatedotherswithAllahinworship.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)sentNoahtopeoplehewasthefirst
MessengertobesentaftertheemergenceofShirkamongpeople.HecalledthemtoTawhid(beliefinthe
OnenessofAllah),obediencetoAllahandrejectionofShirk.Hecontinuedcallinghispeoplefornine
hundredandfiftyyearstoTawhid,obediencetoAllah,andabstinencefromshirkandcommittingsins.Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)sentallHisMessengerstocallpeopletoTawhid,obeyingHim,andrejecting
whatHe(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)forbade.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andverily,Wehave
sentamongeveryUmmah(community,nation)aMessenger(proclaiming):WorshipAllh(Alone),andavoid(orkeepawayfrom)
Tght(allfalsedeitiesi.e.donotworshipTghtbesidesAllh). And:

(PartNo:7,PageNo:152)

AndWedidnotsendanyMessengerbeforeyou(OMuhammad)butWerevealedtohim(saying):Lilhailla
He(ExaltedbeHe)sealedall
Ana[nonehastherighttobeworshippedbutI(Allh)],soworshipMe(Aloneandnoneelse)."
theProphetswiththeirbestandtheirImamourmostbelovedProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim).
HeisthesealoftheProphetsandMessengers.Noprophetormessengerwillbesentafterhimaccordingto
thestatementofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe): Muhammad()isnotthefatherofanyofyour
men,butheistheMessengerofAllhandthelast(end)oftheProphets. Thelast(end)oftheProphetsmeansthesame
asthelastoftheMessengerssinceeveryMessengerisoriginallyaProphetbuttheoppositeisnottrue.The
lastoftheProphetsisalsothelastoftheMessengers(peacebeuponthemall).TheDa`wah(callingto
Islam)headoptedisexactlythesameasthatofallotherMessengers,namelyTawhid,sincerityin
worshipingAllah,andcarryingoutwhatHe(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)ordainedintermsofactsof
obedienceandleavingtheactsofdisobedienceasHeordained.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)clarifiedthesemoralsinHisGloriousQur'anandsodidtheProphet
(peacebeuponhim).TheywereclarifiedinmostoftheSurahsoftheGloriousQur'anbyordainingand www.ircpk.com
callingtothem,andpraisingthosewhoadheretothem.Moreover,He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)warns
againsttheharmfuleffectsofcontradictingthesemoralsandwarnsalsoagainstShirkandotherformsof
sins.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)sentHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)tocallpeopletogoodmorals.
ThiswasauthenticallyreportedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)whenhesaid: Iwassenttoperfectgood
morals. Inanothernarration: ...toperfectgoodmorals. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)senthimtocalltogoodmorals
andthebestdeeds.

ThemostfundamentalofthesemoralsisbelievinginTawhidandbeingsinceretoAllahineverything.
Theseareconsideredtobethecoreofgoodmoralsthegreatest,andthemostobligatory.Italsoincludes
TawhidofAllah,devotiontoHimanddiscardingShirk.Thenextmostfundamentalofthesemoralsisthe
establishmentoftheFiveObligatoryDailyPrayers

(PartNo:7,PageNo:153)

becausetheyareconsideredthegreatestandthemostfundamentalgoodmoralthatcomenexttoTawhid
anddiscardingofShirk.Moreover,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)describesHisProphetashavingan
exalted(standardof)characterinHissaying: AndVerily,you(OMuhammad)areonanexalted
(standardof)character. ThemostdistinctivemoralactoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)wasstrict
observanceoftheguidanceoftheGloriousQur'anandimplementingitsManhaj(methodology)carryingout
theprescribedobligationsandabstainingfromcommittingwhatisforbidden.Thiswastheexaltedmoral
standardoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)as`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)saidwhenshewas
askedaboutthecharacteroftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)shesaid: ThecharacteroftheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)wastheQur'an. ItmeansthatheusedtoobservetheteachingsoftheQur'anandabstainfromdoing
anyforbiddenactionsmentionedintheQur'an.He(peacebeuponhim)usedtostrictlyfollowthemanhaj
whichtheQur'anordained.Thiswastheexalted(standardof)characterthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)granted
HisProphet.ItmeansabidingbyAllah'scommandments,abstainingfromcommittingforbiddendeeds,and
remainingsteadfastonthemoralsanddeedswhichpleaseandsatisfyAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).

WhoeverponderstheGloriousQur'an,exertsgreatefforttoknowinunderstandingit,andrecitesit
continuouslytofullycomprehendandknowtheessenceofthesemorals,willinevitablyobtainthis
knowledge.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysintheGloriousQur'an: (Thisis)aBook(theQurn)whichWe
havesentdowntoyou,fullofblessings,thattheymayponderoveritsVerses,andthatmenofunderstandingmayremember.
A n d : Verily,thisQurnguidestothatwhichismostjustandrightandgivesgladtidingstothebelievers(intheOnenessofAllh
andHisMessenger,Muhammad ), whoworkdeedsofrighteousness,thattheyshallhaveagreatreward
(Paradise). A n d : DotheynotthenthinkdeeplyintheQurn,oraretheirheartslockedup(fromunderstandingit)? And: And
thisisablessedBook(theQurn)whichWehavesentdown,sofollowitandfearAllh(i.e.donotdisobeyHisOrders),thatyoumay
receivemercy(i.e.besavedfromthetormentofHell). And: AndWehavesentdowntoyoutheBook(theQuran)asanexposition
ofeverything,aguidance,amercy,andgladtidingsforthosewhohavesubmittedthemselves(toAllhasMuslims).

(PartNo:7,PageNo:154)

ThisGreatBookshowstheessenceofgoodmoralsandgooddeedsaswellastheexpositionofbadmanners
andbaddeedsinordertowarnbelieversagainstdoingthemandwarnthemaboutthedeedsofthe
disbelievers,hypocrites,Fujjar(disbelievers,sinners,evildoersandwicked)andtheevildoersbecauseAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)highlightstheseevildeedstowarnHisbelievingservantsagainstthem.Healsoindicatesthe
essenceofgooddeedsandgoodqualitiesforbelieverstofollowandkeepsteadfastto.

WeshouldallpondertheBookofAllahandtrytofullyunderstanditdayandnightinordertobeacquainted
withtheseattributesandmoralswhichpleaseandsatisfyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andtoknowthebad
attributesandmoralswhichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)dispraises,blames,andforbids.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)has
senttheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)toshowthroughallhisdeeds,sayings,andgoodcharacterall
whatpleaseandsatisfyHim,andpreventusfromwhatHe(ExaltedbeHe)detestsandwhatkeepsusfar
awayfromHismercy.He(ExaltedbeHe)says: AndWehavealsosentdownuntoyou(OMuhammad
)theDhikr[reminderandtheadvice(i.e.theQurn)],thatyoumayexplainclearlytomenwhatissentdowntothem,andthat
theymaygivethought. And: AndWehavenotsentdowntheBook(theQuran)toyou(OMuhammad),except
thatyoumayexplainclearlyuntothemthosethingsinwhichtheydiffer,and(as)aguidanceandamercyforafolkwhobelieve.

He(peacebeuponhim)showedusthegoodmoralsandqualitieswhichpleaseAllahandwhichHe
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)ordainsinordertobefollowed.He(peacebeuponhim)alsoshowsus
throughhisverbalandpracticalinterpretationsandhisSunnahtheunclearmoralactswhichAllah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)dispraisesandblamesthosewhodothem.Wecanfindexamplesofthesemoralsinwhat
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)showsusinSurahAlFatihah(TheOpening)whichHehasrevealedfor
believerstokeepsteadfastandtoactupon.ItistheMotheroftheQuran.He(ExaltedbeHe)taughtus

(PartNo:7,PageNo:155)

hcowcouldwepraise,thank,andaskHim(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)forguidance.Itisoneofthegreat
moralstopraiseandthankAllahcontinually,andacknowledgethatweareHisservantsandthatHeisour
worshippedLordandtheOnlyOneWhocangrantguidanceandsuccess.He(ExaltedbeHe)says: Allthe
praisesandthanksbetoAllh,theLordoftheAlamn(mankind,jinnandallthatexists). TheMostGracious,theMostMerciful.
TheOnlyOwner(andtheOnlyRulingJudge)oftheDayofRecompense(i.e.theDayofResurrection) HeteachesHisservants
howtopraiseHimthroughthesegreatnames,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)then,says: You(Alone)weworship,andYou www.ircpk.com
(Alone)weaskforhelp(foreachandeverything). GuideustotheStraightWay. TheWayofthoseonwhomYouhavebestowed
YourGrace,not(theway)ofthosewhoearnedYourAnger(i.e.thosewhoknewtheTruth,butdidnotfollowit)norofthosewho
wentastray(i.e.thosewhodidnotfollowtheTruthoutofignoranceanderror).

He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saystoHisProphet(peacebeuponhim): IhavedividedtheSalahintotwohalves
betweenMeandMyservant. ThisreferstoAlFatihah.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)callsit"Salah"becauseitisthemost
importantpillarwithoutwhichSalahisinvalid.Whentheprayingservantsays: AllpraiseandthanksareAllahs,
theLordofthe Alamn(mankind,jinnandallthatexists).Allah,theMostHighsays:'MyservanthaspraisedMe.'Andwhenhe(the
slave)says:'TheMostCompassionate,theMerciful,'AllahtheMostHighsays:'MyslavehaslaudedMe.'Andwhentheslavesays:
'MasteroftheDayoftheDeen,'AllahtheMostHighsays:'MyslavehasglorifiedMe.' Thisisbecauseglorificationisthe
resultofthemultitudeofreverentpraise. Whenhe(theworshipper)says:'You(Alone)weworship,andYou(Alone)we
askforhelp(foreachandeverything)',Allahsays:'ThisisbetweenMeandMyservant,andMyservantwillreceivewhatheasksfor.'
.

"You(Alone)weworship"isaduerighttoAllahalone,and"You(Alone)weaskforhelp(foreachand
everything)showstheneedoftheservant.HeasksAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)tohelphimbecause
He(Alone)shouldbesoughtforhelptheMasterofeverything(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).HeisAbleto
doallthings,andtheOneWhommanseeksHishelpinhisactsofworship,obedienceandrejectionofsins.
HealsoseeksthehelpofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)inhismaterialbusinesslikethatwhichhasbeenreportedin
theHadithofIbnAbbas: Ifyoubeg,begofAllahAloneandifyouneedassistance,supplicatetoAllahAloneforhelp. Your
LordaloneistheOneWhosehelpistobesoughtandtheOnlyOneworthyofbeingworshipped.He
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)teachesyou

(PartNo:7,PageNo:156)

tosay:"You(Alone)weworship,andYou(Alone)weaskforhelp."Thistakesplacebetweenyouandyour
Lord."You(Alone)weworship"isHisduerightonyou,and"You(Alone)weaskforhelp(foreachand
everything)"isyourneed.So,youseekthehelpofyourLordinyourreligiousandworldlyaffairs.

WorshippingAllahAloneisoneofthehighestmoralacts.ItmeanstoworshipHimaloneanddoagood
deedonlyforHissake.Youarenotallowedtoassociatekings,prophets,patrons,idols,trees,stars,orany
otherthingwithHiminworship.YouhavetoworshipHimalone.He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: And
yourIlh(God)isOneIlh(GodAllh),LilhaillaHuwa(thereisnonewhohastherighttobeworshippedbutHe),theMost
Gracious,theMostMerciful. He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndyourLordhasdecreedthatyouworshipnone
butHim. He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andtheywerecommandednot,butthattheyshouldworshipAllh,
andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim) HeistheonlyLordworthyofbeing
worshippedasHe(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: ThatisbecauseAllhHeistheTruth(theonlyTrueGodofall
thatexists,WhohasnopartnersorrivalswithHim),andwhatthey(thepolytheists)invokebesidesHim,itisBtil(falsehood).

Thisspecificactofworshipisthemostfundamentalobligation.Thegreatestobligationandgreatestmoral
actistoworshipAllahaloneinallyourstatesintimesofhardshiporease,intimesofhealthorillness,
whiletraveling,andwhileathometillyourdeath.YoumustnotofferSalah(Prayer)toanyoneotherthan
Him,neveraskothersbutHimforhelp,neverslaughtertoanyothercreaturebuttoHimalone,nevermake
vowsexcepttoHim,andneverpaySadaqah(voluntarycharity)exceptforHissakeandsatisfaction.Allin
all,youhavetodoallyourdeedssincerelyforHissakeandsatisfactionalonebecauseactsofworshipmust
beperformedforHissakealone.He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: You(Alone)weworship,andYou(Alone)
weaskforhelp(foreachandeverything). He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndyourLordhasdecreedthatyou
worshipnonebutHim. Allactsofordained`Ibadah(worship)mustbeperformedonlyforthesakeofAllah
alone,andgreatcaremustbetakennottoaskdeadpeopleforhelp,normakevowstothem,noraskthem
forvictoryoverenemies,noraskthemtocurethesick.Furthermore,wemustnotasktheprophets
themselvesforthesethings

(PartNo:7,PageNo:157)

northestars,theangels,theJinnoranyothercreaturesincetheseareattributabletoAllahaloneWhoisto
beinvokedandasked(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).

Itispermissibletoseekthehelpofahumanbeingforthingshecandoaccordingtowhatisallowedin
Allah'sPurifiedShar`(Law)likewhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)saysinthestoryofMusa(Moses): Themanofhis
(own)partyaskedhimforhelpagainsthisfoe

He(ExaltedbeHe)says: Soheescapedfromthere,lookingaboutinastateoffear. Thereisnothingwrongtosecure


yourselfagainstthievesandrobbersbylockingyourdoorsorkeepingguardstoprotectyourselfand
possessions.ThisislikewhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)saysaboutMusa(peaceandblessingsbeuponhim): So
heescapedfromthere,lookingaboutinastateoffear. ThiswaswhenheescapedfromEgyptlookingaboutinastate
offearofthePharaohs.ThisisanexampleofthematerialcausesinwhichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)makesit
permissibletoaskthehelpofpeople.

SuchwasthemeaningofwhatAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Themanofhis(own)partyaskedhimfor
helpagainsthisfoe ItmeansthattheIsraeliteaskedforMusa'shelpagainsttheCopt,andMusahurriedly
helpedhimbecausehehimselfwasanablepersonwhocouldprovidethisaid.Ifyousaytoyourfriend,
pleasehelpmetorepairmycarwhileheispresentandabletodoso,itisallright,andcannotbe
consideredasanactofworshippingthisperson.Also,ifyouasksomeonetolendyouacertainsumof www.ircpk.com
moneyortohelpyouinbuildingyourhousewhileheisoneofyourclosestfriendswhoisabletodoitso
easily,itisalsoallrightandcannotberegardedasworshippinghimsolongasitisstillwithinthelegal
permissibleboundaries.However,ifyougotothetombofadeadpersonandaskhimtosupportyouorto
cureyourpatientorsoon,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:158)

thisisamajorShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship).IfyouaskJinn(creatures
createdfromfire)togiveyouahandortodefendyouagainstyourenemies,orifyouasktheangelsorthe
prophetswhoarealreadydead,itisalsoamajorShirk.Also,ifyoucallthesun,themoon,orthestars
askingthemforhelpandpoweroveryourenemiesandthelike,itisalsomajorShirkwhichisoppositeto
whatAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)hasalreadyordainedinthefollowingAyah: You(Alone)weworship,andYou(Alone)
weaskforhelp(foreachandeverything). ThisispurecommitmenttoTawhidanddevotiontoHiscommandsand
tonothingelseandthisisthegreatestmoralactoftheMessengersandtheirdevotedfollowers.

Also,inaskingAllahforguidance,youhavetoaskonlyyourLordforguidancebecauseyouareindireneed
fortheguidanceofAllahevenifyouarethemostpiousandthemostlearnedperson.Indeed,youarein
needforguidancetillthemomentofdeathandthatiswhyAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)taughtusto
sayatthebeginningofSurahAlFatihahineveryRak`ah(unitofPrayer): GuideustotheStraightWay.
seventeentimeseverydayandnightinobligatorySalahsotherthanwhatwesayinsupererogatoryones:
GuideustotheStraightWay. TheWayofthoseonwhomYouhavebestowedYourGrace

EventhoughtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)isthemostlearnedandmostperfectlyguidedcreatureever,
heusedtosayinDu`a'u lIstiftah(openingsupplicationwhenstartingthePrayer): OAllah,LordofGabriel,
Michael,andIsrafil,theCreatoroftheheavensandtheearth,WhoknowstheunseenandtheseenYoudecideamongYourservants
concerningtheirdifferences.GuidemewithYourpermissioninthedivergentviews(whichthepeople)holdaboutTruth,foritisYou
WhoguideswhomYouwilltotheStraightPath. HeaskshisLordforguidanceeventhoughheisthemasterofall
humanbeingswhomAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hadalreadyguidedandgrantedallgoodness,buthekeptasking
hisLordforguidance.Allofusareingreatneedforsuchguidancescholarsaswellasstudentsandthe
elite,menandwomen,areallindireneedforguidance.

ThatiswhyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)makesitpermissibleforustosay: GuideustotheStraightWay. whichmeans


guideandshowusthegood

(PartNo:7,PageNo:159)

andkeepussteadfasttowardit.AlSiratulMustaqim(theStraightPath)isthereligionofAllah(Islam)and
theGloriousQur'anandtheSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet)i.e.whatisordainedbyAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)throughtheQur'anandtheSunnahoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim).ItmeansalsoDin
(religion)ofIslam,Iman(Faith),AlBirr(righteousness)andTaqwa(fearingAllahasHeshouldbefeared).

YouhavenooptionbuttosupplicateAllah(ExaltedbeHe)toguideyoutoAlSiratulMustaqimandtokeep
yousteadfastonittillthemomentofyourdeath.ThisSiratistheonechosenbythoseonwhomAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)hasbestowedHisGracewhetherofthemessengersortheirfollowerswhoadheretoand
followthem.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndwhosoobeyAllhandtheMessenger(Muhammad
),thentheywillbeinthecompanyofthoseonwhomAllhhasbestowedHisGrace,oftheProphets,theSiddiqn(those
followersoftheProphetswhowerefirstandforemosttobelieveinthem,likeAbuBakrAsSiddq(),themartyrs,andthe
righteous.Andhowexcellentthesecompanionsare! ThenHe(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: not(theway)ofthose
whoearnedYourAnger(i.e.thosewhoknewtheTruth,butdidnotfollowit)norofthosewhowentastray(i.e.thosewhodidnot
followtheTruthoutofignoranceanderror). TheseAyahs(Qur'anicverses)meansthatyouaskHim(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)tokeepyouawayfromthewayofthosewhoearnedHisangerandthethosewhowent
astray.ThosewhoearnedHisangerarethosewhoknowAlHaqq(theTruth)forsurebuttheychoosenot
tofollowitnamelytheJewsandthoselikethem.Thosewhowentastrayareignorantpeoplewhoworship
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)withoutfollowingHisguidancenamelytheChristiansandthoselikethem.We
supplicateAllahtoplaceusatafurtherdistancefromthepathofthosetwoerringpartiesandtoguideusto
thepathofthoseonwhomHehasbestowedHisGrace,namelytheMessengersandtheirfollowers,andthe
devotedbelieverswhoknowthetruthandactaccordingtothisknowledge,astheyreallyarequalifiedforAl
Siratu lMustaqim.Therefore,youshouldsupplicatetoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)toguideyoutotheirwayand
grantyouusefulreligiousknowledgeandgooddeedstillyoureachthestateofsteadfastness.Allthese
characteristicsareexamplesofgoodmorals.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysatthebeginningof
SurahAlBaqarah: ThisistheBook(theQurn),whereofthereisnodoubt,aguidancetothosewhoareAlMuttaqn[thepious
believersofIslamicMonotheismwhofearAllhmuch(abstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeedswhichHehasforbidden)andlove
Allhmuch(performallkindsofgooddeedswhichHehasordained)]. WhobelieveintheGhaibandperformAsSalt(Iqmatas
Salt),andspendoutofwhatWehaveprovidedforthem[i.e.giveZakt,spendonthemselves,theirparents,theirchildren,their
wives,etc.,andalsogivecharitytothepoorandalsoinAllhsCauseJihd]. Andwhobelievein(theQurnandtheSunnah)
whichhasbeensentdown(revealed)toyou(OMuhammad)andinthatwhichwassentdownbeforeyou[the
Taurt(Torah)andtheInjeel(Gospel),etc.]andtheybelievewithcertaintyintheHereafter.(Resurrection,recompenseoftheirgood
andbaddeeds,ParadiseandHell). Theyareon(true)guidancefromtheirLord,andtheyarethesuccessful.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:160)

ExamplesofthegoodmoralsofMu'mins(believers)areregularperformanceofSalah,beliefintheGhayb
(theUnseen),beliefinAllah(ExaltedbeHe),HisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),thosewhocertainly
believeintheHereafter(Resurrection,recompenseoftheirgoodandbaddeeds,ParadiseandHell),beliefin
allprophetsalongwithProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)andintheirbooks.Otherexamplesof
www.ircpk.com
goodmoralsaregivingcharity,generosity,andbounty.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)saysinSurahAlBaqarah: It
isnotAlBirr(piety,righteousness,andeachandeveryactofobediencetoAllh,etc.)thatyouturnyourfacestowardseastand(or)
west(inprayers)butAlBirris(thequalityof)theonewhobelievesinAllh,theLastDay,theAngels,theBook,theProphetsand
giveshiswealth,inspiteofloveforit,tothekinsfolk,totheorphans,andtoAlMaskn(thepoor),andtothewayfarer,andtothose
whoask,andtosetslavesfree,performsAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),andgivestheZakt,andwhofulfiltheircovenantwhenthey
makeit,andwhoarepatientinextremepovertyandailment(disease)andatthetimeoffighting(duringthebattles).Sucharethe
peopleofthetruthandtheyareAlMuttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2). Thesequalitiesarealsothecharacteristicmoralsof
thebestpeople.

TheseareexamplesofthegoodmoralswhichAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)highlypraiseddescribingpeoplewith
thosemoralsastruthfulandAlMuttaqn(thepious).Youhavetoadheretothesegoodmoralactsandkeep
steadfasttothem.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysintheSuratAlImran: Oyouwhobelieve!EatnotRib
(usury)doubledandmultiplied,butfearAllhthatyoumaybesuccessful. AndfeartheFire,whichispreparedforthedisbelievers.
AndobeyAllhandtheMessenger(Muhammad)thatyoumayobtainmercy. Andmarchforthintheway
(whichleadsto)forgivenessfromyourLord,andforParadiseaswideastheheavensandtheearth,preparedforAlMuttaqn(the
piousSeeV.2:2). OneshouldpayattentiontothemoralsthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)praisedinthemand
followtheseexamplesandadheretothem.Then,He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)describesAlMuttaqun
(thepious)as: Thosewhospend(inAllhsCause)inprosperityandinadversity,whorepressanger,andwhopardonmen
verily,AllhlovesAlMuhsinn(thegooddoers).

(PartNo:7,PageNo:161)

ThesearesomeexamplesofthemoralsofAlMuttaqun.OtherexamplesarementionedwhenAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andthosewho,whentheyhavecommittedFhishah(illegalsexualintercourse)or
wrongedthemselveswithevil,rememberAllhandaskforgivenessfortheirsins

Tawbah(repentancetoAllah)andIstighfar(seekingforgivenessfromAllah)arealsofromtheirtheirgreat
morals.ThenHe(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: andnonecanforgivesinsbutAllh Noonecanforgivesins
butAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).HealonecanforgiveallformsofsinsandacceptourTawbah.He
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)thensays: anddonotpersistinwhat(wrong)theyhavedone,whiletheyknow. Itmeans
thattheydidnotpersistincommittingsins,butthattheyquicklyrepentedandcompletelystopped
committingthesesinsforfearandreverenceofAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Thesearethegreatmoralsofthetrue
believers. Forsuch,therewardisForgivenessfromtheirLord,andGardenswithriversflowingunderneath(Paradise),wherein
theyshallabideforever.Howexcellentisthisrewardforthedoers(whodorighteousdeedsaccordingtoAllhsOrders). Thisis
therewardofthosewhotrulyrepent.Themoralsofthebelieversmenandwomen,areTaqwa(fearing
AllahasHeshouldbefeared),Istiqamah(integrity)andspendinginthecauseofAllahintimesofeaseand
timesoftribulation,andhardshipevenwithonlyoneDirhamaccordingtowhattheProphet(peacebeupon
him)said: SaveyourselffromHellfireevenbygivinghalfadatefruitincharity.

IntheSurahofAtTawbah,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)mentionssomeoftheirgoodmoralswhenHe(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)says: Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanother
theyenjoin(onthepeople)AlM a rf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAl
Munkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslmhasforbidden)theyperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),andgive
theZakt,andobeyAllhandHisMessenger.AllhwillhaveHisMercyonthem.SurelyAllhisAllMighty,AllWise.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:162)

Thesearesomeofthemoralsofbelievingmenandwomenwhobefriendoneanother.Othergreatexamples
ofthemoralsoftheintimatefriendsaretruelove,mutualgivingofadvicetodogood,andhelponeanother
torighteousnessandpiety.Theyneverbackbiteoneanother,norsayNamimah(talebearing)ofone
another,nortestifyfalselyagainsteachother,noroppressoneanother.Thesearethemoralsofthetrue
believers,menandwomen.Theyarehelpers,supporters,friends,andprotectorsofoneanother.Theynever
hateoneanother,neverenvyoneanother,neverquarrelwithoneanother,nevertellliestooneanother,
neverbackbiteoneanother,nevertellfalsetalesaboutoneanother,nevertestifyagainstoneanotherfalsely,
andneverdooneanotherinjusticeinwords,deeds,blood,normoney.Theynevercheatoneanotherin
transactionsandtheyneverbetrayoneanotherunderanycircumstances.

He(GlorifiedbeHe)thensays: theyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersoneto
do) Wherevertheyare,theyusetoenjoinonthepeopleallwhatisgoodandresistevilthroughpersuasive
stylesandgoodmannersofpreachingsupportedbydeepknowledgeandinsight.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)
says: Say(OMuhammad ): "ThisismywayIinviteuntoAllh(i.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmic
Monotheism)withsureknowledge Theyenjoinonpeoplewhatisgoodandforbidthemfromwhatisevil,while
dependingondeepinsight.Ma`ruf(thatwhichisjudgedasgood,beneficial,orfittingbyIslamiclawand
Muslimsofsoundintellect)iswhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)enjoin,
andMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)is
whatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)forbid.SodoMuslims,menandwomen,
whentheynoticealittlenegligenceinobediencetheyhavetoenjoinonthemAlMa'ruf.Iftheynoticethat
theyneglectcongregationalprayers,theyhavetoadvisethemsaying"fearAllahandberegularin
congregationalprayers,itisobligatoryonallMuslims,donotbelikethehypocrites'.Iftheyknowthatthey
dealinRiba,theyhavetoadvisethemforthesakeofAllah.Iftheyfindthattheybefriendoraccompanyevil
people,theyhavetosincerelyadvisethemthatabelieveristhemirrorofhisbrother,likewhathasbeen
authenticallyreportedabouttheProphet(peacebeuponhim).

ThesearesomeexamplesofthegoodmoralsofthebelieversandthemoralsoftheirtrueDu`ah(Callersto
Islam)
www.ircpk.com
(PartNo:7,PageNo:163)

toAllah(ExaltedbeHe)whogiveadvicepurelyforthesakeofAllahandHisservants,whoenjoinonpeople
A lMa'rufandresistevilonlythroughgoodmeans.Theyneveradoptviolenceorharshnessinanattemptto
attractpeopletothetruththeyarepreachinginordertoobtainthebenefitandbebenefittedthemselves.
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)saysinHisGloriousBook: AndbytheMercyofAllh,youdealtwiththemgently.Andhadyou
beensevereandharshhearted,theywouldhavebrokenawayfromaboutyou He(GlorifiedbeHe)sayswhencallingthe
Kafirs(disbelievers): AndarguenotwiththepeopleoftheScripture(JewsandChristians),unlessitbein(away)thatisbetter
(withgoodwordsandingoodmanner,invitingthemtoIslmicMonotheismwithHisVerses) exceptwithsuchofthemasdowrong
WhoeverdoeswrongshouldbetreatedwithequalmeasureAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Invite(mankind,O
Muhammad)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)and
fairpreaching,andarguewiththeminawaythatisbetter. Also,anotherofthebelievers'greatmoralsiscallingothers
toIslamandarguingwiththemaboutthatwhichisbetter,andtobekindtoallpeople.TheProphet(peace
beuponhim)said: AllahconfersforkindnesswhatHedoesnotconferforseverity. He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid:
Kindnessisnottobefoundinanythingbutthatitaddstoitsbeautyanditisnotwithdrawnfromanythingbutitmakesitdefective.
A n d : Hewhoisdeprivedofforbearanceandgentlenessis,infact,deprivedofallgood. Itisnecessarytobepatientand
kind.Moreover,youhavetoshowforbearancetopeoplewhetherenjoiningonwhatisgood,forbidding
whatisevilngorexercisingDa`wah.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)describestheMujahids(peoplestriving/fightingintheCauseofAllah)at
theendofSurahAtTawbahinHissaying: (ThebelieverswhoselivesAllhhaspurchasedare)thosewhoturntoAllhin
repentance(frompolytheismandhypocrisy,etc.),whoworship(Him),whopraise(Him),whofast(orgoout)inAllhsCause,who
bowdown(inprayer),whoprostratethemselves(inprayer),whoenjoin(onpeople)AlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallwhat
Islmhasordained)andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.disbelief,polytheismofallkindsandallthatIslmhasforbidden),and
whoobservethelimitssetbyAllh(doallthatAllhhasordainedandabstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeedswhichAllhhas
forbidden). ThesearethemoralsofthetruebelieversandtruetheMujahids.BeforethisAyah(Qur'anic
verse),Allah

(PartNo:7,PageNo:164)

(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Verily,Allhhaspurchasedofthebelieverstheirlivesandtheirpropertiesfor(theprice)thattheirsshall
betheParadise.TheyfightinAllhsCause,sotheykill(others)andarekilled.ItisapromiseintruthwhichisbindingonHiminthe
Taurt(Torah)andtheInjeel(Gospel)andtheQurn.AndwhoistruertohiscovenantthanAllh?Thenrejoiceinthebargainwhich
youhaveconcluded.Thatisthesupremesuccess. Then,HementionstheirmoralvaluesinHissaying: (Thebelievers
whoselivesAllhhaspurchasedare)thosewhoturntoAllhinrepentance(frompolytheismandhypocrisy,etc.),whoworship(Him),
whopraise(Him),whofast(orgoout)inAllhsCause,whobowdown(inprayer),whoprostratethemselves(inprayer),whoenjoin
(onpeople)AlM a rf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallwhatIslmhasordained)andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.disbelief,
polytheismofallkindsandallthatIslmhasforbidden),andwhoobservethelimitssetbyAllh(doallthatAllhhasordainedand
abstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeedswhichAllhhasforbidden). Thesearethemoralsofthegoodpeople,thetrue
believers,andthetrueMujahds.He(GlorifiedbeHe)saysinSurahYunus: Nodoubt!Verily,theAuliyofAllh[i.e.
thosewhobelieveintheOnenessofAllhandfearAllhmuch(abstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeedswhichhehasforbidden),
andloveAllhmuch(performallkindsofgooddeedswhichHehasordained)],nofearshallcomeuponthemnorshalltheygrieve.
Then,HedistinguishestheirdistinctivefeaturesasHesays: Thosewhobelieved(intheOnenessofAllhIslmic
Thosearethe
Monotheism),andusedtofearAllhmuch(byabstainingfromevildeedsandsinsandbydoingrighteousdeeds).
Awliya'(piouspeople)ofAllah.Ifyoudesiretobeoneofthem,youhavetoadoptthesegreatmorals
representedbytheirtruebeliefinAllah(ExaltedbeHe),HisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)andinallthat
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)informus,andbyTaqwa(fearingAllahasHe
shouldbefeared)throughobeyingHisCommandsandabstainingfromwhatHeforbids.Whoeveracts
accordingtothesegreatmoralsisdefinitelyoneoftheAuliyaofAllahwhomnofearshallcomeuponnor
shalltheygrieve.Theyare: Thosewhobelieved(intheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism),andusedtofearAllhmuch
(byabstainingfromevildeedsandsinsandbydoingrighteousdeeds).

ThisAyahmeansthattheirheartsbelievedfirstandtheyactedaccordingtothistruebeliefthroughtheir
wordsandactions.TheyaretheAuliyaofAllahwhobelievedthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)aloneistheOne
whodeservestobeworshipped,andtheyactedaccordingtothisbeliefthroughtheiractions.Theybelieved
inHisOnenessandworshippedHimaloneandabstainedfromassociatingotherswithHiminworship.They
alsoperformedcongregationalSalah(Prayer)becausetheyknowthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasordained
congregationalSalahs.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:165)

TheypaidZakatbecausetheyknowthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)madeitobligatoryonthem.Theyobserved
Sawm(Fast)duringRamadanwhentheyknewthatitisoneofthegoodmoralsofthebelieversandan
obligationonthem.TheyperformedHajj(pilgrimage)exactlylikewhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)ordains.When
theyknowthatJihadisanobligation,theystriveinthecauseofAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Whentheyknowthe
forbiddenacts,theyabstainfromcommittingthemaltogetherlikeZina(adultery),undutifulnesstoparents,
drinkingalcohol,dealinginRiba(usury),eatingupthewealthoftheorphanandotherforbiddenacts.They
abstainfromdoingtheseforbiddenactsandobeyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andglorifyHim.Inaddition,they
actlikethisoutoftheirdesireforwhatHe(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)preparedasarewardforthetrue
believers.Thesearethecharacteristicsofthetruebelievers,menandwomen.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysinSurahAlMu'minun: Successfulindeedarethebelievers. Thosewho


offertheirSalt(prayers)withallsolemnityandfullsubmissiveness. AndthosewhoturnawayfromAlLaghw(dirty,false,evilvain
talk,falsehood,andallthatAllhhasforbidden). AndthosewhopaytheZakt. Andthosewhoguardtheirchastity(i.e.private
parts,fromillegalsexualacts) Exceptfromtheirwivesor(theslaves)thattheirrighthandspossess,forthen,theyarefreefrom
www.ircpk.com
blame Butwhoeverseeksbeyondthat,thenthosearethetransgressors ThosewhoarefaithfullytruetotheirAmant(allthe
dutieswhichAllhhasordained,honesty,moralresponsibilityandtrusts)andtotheircovenants Andthosewhostrictlyguardtheir
(fivecompulsorycongregational)Salawt(prayers)(attheirfixedstatedhours). Theseareindeedtheinheritors Whoshall
inherittheFirdaus(Paradise).Theyshalldwellthereinforever.

ThesearethemoralsofthebelieversineverytimeandplacewhichAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)mentionsto
remindHistrueservantstofollowandkeepsteadfasttothem.ThisisalsothesignificanceofwhatAllah
(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Successfulindeedarethebelievers. Thismeansthattheywoneverygoodandreceived
thebestreward.He(GlorifiedbeHe)thenmentionstheirmoralswhenHesays: ThosewhooffertheirSalt
(prayers)withallsolemnityandfullsubmissiveness. HestartsbydrawingattentiontoKhushu`(theheartbeing
attunedtotheactofworship)inSalahbcecauseofthegreatimportanceofKhushu`andtheimportanceof
Salahitself.SoonceyoustartperformingSalah,youmustbeinastateofKhushu`.Youhavetodirectyour
hearttowardsAllah(ExaltedbeHe)withcompletetranquilityanddirectyourbodytoHimtoreceivethefull
rewardpromisedforSalah.Tohavethisgreatreward,bewareofbusymindednessduring

(PartNo:7,PageNo:166)

Salah,andbewareofrespondingtoinsinuationsofworldlythoughtsofsoandso.Concentratefullyinyour
Salah.KeepyourselfinastateofKhushu'forAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andsurrendertoHimbyyourheart,and
youwillattaintheutmostsuccess.He(GlorifiedbeHe)thensays: AndthosewhoturnawayfromAlLaghw(dirty,
false,evilvaintalk,falsehood,andallthatAllhhasforbidden). Itmeansthattheyturnawayfromanyformoffalse
beliefs.Laghwhasbeeninterpretedasreferringtoshirk(AssociatingothersalongwithAllahinworship),
sins,andanythingwhichisvoidofanygood.So,believersturnawayfromalltheseevilthoughtsintheir
Salah.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)thensays: AndthosewhopaytheZakt. Zakah(obligatorycharity)hereimplies
ZakahofwealthaswellasZakahofthebody.Thisishowabelieverpurifieshimselfthroughhissubmissive
obediencetoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).Inaddition,hepurifieshis
wealththroughpayingobligatoryZakah.Then,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)furthersays: Andthosewhoguardtheir
chastity(i.e.privateparts,fromillegalsexualacts) Exceptfromtheirwivesor(theslaves)thattheirrighthandspossess,forthen,
theyarefreefromblame Believersguardtheirchastityfromillegalsexualactsexceptfromtheirwivesorthe
slavesthattheypossess.Likewise,femalebelieversguardtheirchastityfromillegalsexualactsexceptfrom
theirhusbandsormasterifsheisaslavegirl.WhoeverpracticesZina(premaritalsexualintercourseand)or
sodomyorhasanalsexwithawoman,orhassexwithawomanwhilesheishavinghermenstrualperiodor
postpartumperiodormasturbatesanddoesnotguardhischastityfromillegalsexualactswillbecomea
transgressor(oppressor).Believersusetohavenormalsexwiththeirwiveswhentheyarefreefrom
menstruationorpostpartumperiodandnotinastateofIhram(ritualstateforHajjand`Umrah).Moreover,
theyhavesexwiththeminthelegallypermissibletimesforsuchrelations.Then,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)
says: ThosewhoarefaithfullytruetotheirAmant(allthedutieswhichAllhhasordained,honesty,moralresponsibilityandtrusts)
andtotheircovenants BelievingmenandwomenarefaithfullytruetotheirAmanah(honesty,trust,and
obedience)theykeepwhatevertheyaretrustedtosaveandpayitinitsduetime.Theyneverbetray
keepingtrustsandtheyactaccordingtotherequirementsofthisAyah(Qur'anicverse)andaccordingto
whatAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Verily,Allhcommandsthatyoushouldrenderbackthetruststothosetowhomtheyare
due A n d : Oyouwhobelieve!BetraynotAllhandHisMessenger,norbetrayknowinglyyourAmnt(thingsentrustedtoyou,and
allthedutieswhichAllhhasordainedforyou).

(PartNo:7,PageNo:167)

ItisnecessarytopreservetheAmanahandtakegreatcareofitsrequirments.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)has
shownthegraveimportanceofitwhenHe(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Truly,WedidofferAlAmnah(thetrustormoral
responsibilityorhonestyandallthedutieswhichAllhhasordained)totheheavensandtheearth,andthemountains,butthey
declinedtobearitandwereafraidofit(i.e.afraidofAllhsTorment).Butmanboreit.Verily,hewasunjust(tohimself)andignorant
(ofitsresults). Amanahisagraveresponsibility.ItisdividedintotwomaindivisionsAmanahrelatedto
carryingouttheobligationsordainedbyAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)andAmanahrelatedtothetrustsofpeople.
YouhavetofulfilltheAmanahofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)bycarryingouttheobligationslikeSalah,Sawmand
soon,exactlylikewhatHelegallyprescribed.Inaddition,youhavetopaybackthetrustsofpeoplelike
deposits,mortgages,andloans.Youhavenootheroptionbuttorenderbackthetrustsofpeopleandto
carryouttheobligationsofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)withextremedevotionandcare.

He(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Andthosewhostandfirmintheirtestimonies. Thismeansthattheytelltheexacttruth,


givingtherequiredamountofdetails,andtheytestifytothetruthexactlylikewhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
asksthemtodowithoutgivingtoomanyornotenoughdetailsorconcealinganypartoftheevidence.They
dosoactingaccordingtotheguidanceandcommandofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe): Andconcealnot
theevidenceforhe,whohidesit,surelyhisheartissinful.AndAllhisAllKnowerofwhatyoudo. Bearingfalsewitnessisone
ofthegravestmajorsins.Thatiswhybelievingmenandwomentestifytothetruththeyreallyknowwithout
theincreaseordecreaseofanydetails.Moreover,theyshouldneverconcealevidencebuttheyshouldtestify
thetruewitnessinthewaytheyknew,saw,andheard.

Then,He(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Andthosewhostrictlyguardtheir(fivecompulsorycongregational)Salawt(prayers)(at
theirfixedstatedhours). ThisisthewaybelievingmenandwomenaretoofferSalahsattheirprescribedtimes
menhavetoperformSalahincongregationexactlyasAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasprescribed,andwomen
havetoperformtheirSalahsathomeintheirduetimes

(PartNo:7,PageNo:168)
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aswell.

Everybeliever,manorwoman,mustobserveandremainsteadfastonalltheabovementionedmoralswhich
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)enjoined.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)haspromisedbelieversJannatAlFirdausAl`Aala(the
topandmostluxuriousofpartofParadise)inDarAlNa`im(TheGardensofPleasure)inwhatHe(Glorified
beHe)saysatthecloseoftheseAyat: Theseareindeedtheinheritors WhoshallinherittheFirdaus(Paradise).They
shalldwellthereinforever. He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosaysinSurahAlHujurat: Onlythosearethebelieverswhohave
believedinAllhandHisMessenger,andafterwarddoubtnotbutstrivewiththeirwealthandtheirlivesfortheCauseofAllh.Those!
Theyarethetruthful. SomeofthebestmoralsofbelievingmenandwomenarecompletefaithandYaqin
(certainty)intheirbeliefinAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)andinallwhich
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessengersordain.Jihad(strivinginthewayofAllah)withbothwealthand
bodyisanotherexampleofthesuprememoralactsofthebelievers.

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosaysinSurahAlAhzab: Verily,theMuslims(thosewhosubmittoAllhinIslm)menand
women,thebelieversmenandwomen(whobelieveinIslmicMonotheism),themenandthewomenwhoareobedient(toAllh),the
menandwomenwhoaretruthful(intheirspeechanddeeds),themenandthewomenwhoarepatient(inperformingalltheduties
whichAllhhasorderedandinabstainingfromallthatAllhhasforbidden),themenandthewomenwhoarehumble(beforetheir
LordAllh),themenandthewomenwhogiveSadaqt(i.e.Zakt,andalms),themenandthewomenwhoobserveSaum(fast)
(theobligatoryfastingduringthemonthofRamadn,andtheoptionalNawfilfasting),themenandthewomenwhoguardtheir
chastity(fromillegalsexualacts)andthemenandthewomenwhorememberAllhmuchwiththeirheartsandtonguesAllhhas
preparedforthemforgivenessandagreatreward(i.e.Paradise).

ThesearethecharacteristicsandmoralsofthebelievingmenandwomenasAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)has
mentionedinthisAyahtoarouseourinterestinthemandurgingustoadheretothem.Thereareten
characteristicsofthebelievingmenandwoman.He(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Verily,theMuslims(thosewhosubmitto
AllhinIslm)menandwomen TheyarethosewhoembracedIslam,believedintheOnenessofAllah,submitted
themselvestoHisLaw,believedsincerelyin

(PartNo:7,PageNo:169)

Islamandadopteditastheirreligion. thebelieversmenandwomen(whobelieveinIslmicMonotheism) Thatistosay,


notonlydotheysubmittoAllahintheiroutwardbehaviorbuttheyalsosincerelybelievewiththeirhearts
andsenses.Theirbeliefisnotexternallyrepresentedlikethoseofthehypocrites.

themenandthewomenwhoareobedient(toAllh) QunutmeansceaselessobediencetoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
thatistosay,thoughtheyembracedIslamandbelievedinAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peace
beuponhim),theyremainedsteadfastinobeyingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeupon
him). themenandthewomenwhoarepatient(inperformingallthedutieswhichAllhhasorderedandinabstainingfromallthat
Allhhasforbidden) ItmeansthattheyarepatientinperformingallthedutiesthatAllahhasorderedand
abstainingfromallthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasforbidden,whethertheyaremenorwomen.Thereisno
doubtthatpatienceisacharacteristicofthebelievers.Theyarepatientinperformingactsofobedienceand
patientinabstainingfromactsofdisobedience,andinundergoingcalamities.Thesearethetypesof
patience,andwhoeverperfectedthem,hasperfectedhisreligion.

He(GlorifiedbeHe)says: themenandthewomenwhoarehumble(beforetheirLordAllh) Thismeansthatthey


areinastateofKhushu`(theheartbeingattunedtotheactofworship)carryingouttheobligationsofAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)willinglyandcheerfully.TheyperformtheirSalahs
inastateofKhushu`,withsubmissionandtranquility,yet,theyarehumbleinalltheirbehavior,neither
haughtynorboastful.TheyactaccordingtotheinstructionsofthisNobleAyahandtheauthentically
reportedHadithabouttheProphet(peacebeuponhim)inwhichhesaid: Allahhasrevealedtomethatyoumustbe
humble,sothatnooneoppressesanotherorboastsoveranother. (RelatedbyImamMusliminhisSahih(authentic)book
ofHadith). themenandthewomenwhogiveSadaqt(i.e.Zakt,andalms) ThismeansthattheypaySadaqat
(voluntarycharity)asmuchastheycould.Moreover,theyemployedtheirwealth,power,andhighrankto
dogoodtootherpeople.TheygiveSadaqatinallformsandasmuchastheycould.

themenandthewomenwhoobserveSaum(fast)(theobligatoryfastingduringthemonthofRamadn,andtheoptionalNawfil
fasting) Also,Sawmisoneofthegreatestactsofworshipandoneofthemoralsofbelievingmenand
women.Moreover,theSawmofRamadanisoneofthefivepillarsofIslam. themenandthewomenwhoguard
theirchastity(fromillegalsexualacts) ThismeansthattheyguardtheirchastityfromZinaandanythingthatAllah
forbids.

andthemenandthewomenwhorememberAllhmuchwiththeirheartsandtongues Thesearesomeoftheir
characteristicsandgreatmorals.OservantsofAllah,youhavetoheedthesegreatmoralswhichAllahhighly
praisesthepeoplewhoadoptthemandpromisesthemforgivenessandagreatreward.He

(PartNo:7,PageNo:170)

(GlorifiedbeHe)saysinSurahAthThariyat: Verily,theMuttaqn(thepious.SeeV.2:2)willbeinthemidstofGardens
andSprings(intheParadise), TakingjoyinthethingswhichtheirLordhasgiventhem.Verily,theywerebeforethisMuhsinn
(gooddoers.SeeV.2:112). Theyusedtosleepbutlittlebynight[invokingtheirLord(Allh)andpraying,withfearandhope].
Andinthehoursbeforedawn,theywere(found)asking(Allh)forforgiveness. Andintheirpropertiestherewastherightofthe
Thesearesomeofthegreatmoralsof
S il(thebeggarwhoasks)andtheMahrm(thepoorwhodoesnotaskothers).
thepiouspeopleTahajjud(optionallatenightPrayer),Istighfar(seekingforgivenessfromAllah)inthose
hoursjustbeforedawnandgivingSadaqahtothebeggarwhoasksandthethepoorwhodoesnotask www.ircpk.com
others.

He(GlorifiedbeHe)saysinSurahAlHadid: BelieveinAllhandHisMessenger(Muhammad),and
spendofthatwhereofHehasmadeyoutrustees.Andsuchofyouasbelieveandspend(inAllhsWay),theirswillbeagreatreward.
ThisisalsooneoftheirgreatmoralsmeaningspendingofthatwhereofAllahhasmadethemtrustees
payingasmuchastheycould.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)promisedthemagreatreward.OAllah'sservants,
adheretothesegreatmorals.

He(GlorifiedbeHe)saysinSurahAlMulk: Verily,,thosewhofeartheirLordunseen(i.e.theydonotseeHim,norHis
punishmentintheHereafter),theirswillbeforgivenessandagreatreward(i.e.Paradise). FearofAllahisagreatactof
worshipwhichhasanextremelyfairend.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: IammoresubmissivetoAllah
andmoreafraidofHimthanyou... OneshouldfearAllahalongwithhopingandexpectingwhatisgoodofHimin
allcircumstances.ThisenablesMu'mins(believers)whethermalesorfemalestocarryoutwhatAllahhas
ordainedandtoabstainfromwhatHehasforbiddenoutoftheirbeliefinAllah(GlorifiedbeHe),fearof
Him,andseekingHisbounty.Thesearesomeofthegreatestmoralsandthemostusefulforthetrue
servantsofAllahinboththeirlifeandtheirreligionthatistofearAllah,feelHispresenceatalltimes,seek
Hisbountyandblessings

(PartNo:7,PageNo:171)

alongwithcarryingoutHisobligationsandabstainingfromcommittingsins.Itistruethat:

Thenobilityofnationsare Whenevertheyarestrippedof
measuredthroughthenobility thesenoblecharacters,theyare
oftheircharacters blottedoutofexistence

MoralswhichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)prescribedforHisservantsandordainedthemtoadheretoaretheonly
causesofthehappinessofIslamicUmmah(nationbasedononecreed),itssupremacy,strengthand
dominance.Anotherpoetsays:

Thehousesofanypeopleare Iftheirmoralsarebad.
notreallycivilized

AccordingtothecharacteristicsandmoralsofthebelieverswhichAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
mentions,itisknownthatthisUmmahwillnotachieveitsdignityanddominanceunlessitadherestothese
morals.ItisnecessarytospreadmutualadviceamongtheindividualsofthisUmmahandanyMuslimstate
inordertodeservethevictoryofAllahandHissupportagainsttheirenemiesandtohelpthemkeeptheir
religion,worldlyaffairs,morals,health,dominion,andvictoryovertheirenemies.

IftheUmmahremainssteadfastonthesenoblemoralswhichAllahhasprescribedandforwhichHis
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)calledtherulersandtheruled,Allahwillsupportthemandwillbringabout
theirimmediatevictoryandwillsupplythemwithHisSpiritovertheirenemiesexactlylikewhathad
happenedtoourSalaf(righteouspredecessors)inthetimeoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andthose
whocameafterhim.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)grantedthemvictoryovertheirenemiesinspiteoftheirsmall
numbersandtheirlittleamountofmilitaryequipments.Moreover,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)supportedthemto
carryoutgreatconquestsandgrantedthemdivinesupportaccordingtoHispromisewhenHe(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)says: Verily,AllhwillhelpthosewhohelpHis(Cause).Truly,AllhisAllStrong,AllMighty. Those(Muslim
rulers)who,ifWegivethempowerintheland,(they)enjoinIqamatasSalt[i.e.toperformthefivecompulsorycongregational
Salt(prayers)(themalesinmosques)],topaytheZaktandtheyenjoinAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmorders
onetodo),andforbidAlMunkar(i.e.disbelief,polytheismandallthatIslmhasforbidden)[i.e.theymaketheQurnasthelawof
theircountryinallthespheresoflife].AndwithAllhreststheendof(all)matters(ofcreatures).

And: Oyouwhobelieve!Ifyouhelp(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,andmakeyourfootholdfirm.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:172)

TheywerevictoriouswhentheyremainedsteadfastonthegreatmoralswhichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)highly
praisedandprescribed.Nosoonerdidtheyadheretothesemoralsandgivemutualadvicetooneanother,
thanAllahgrantedthemvictoryandsovereigntyoverthewholeworldandimposedJizyah(polltaxrequired
fromnonMuslimslivinginanIslamicstate)ontheJews,Christians,andtheMagi.Moreover,alargenumberofthe
disbelieverspaidlandtaxtoMuslimsincludingtheemperorofChina.Thisisbecausetheboundariesofthe
MuslimUmmahextendedfromthefurthesteasttothefurthestwest.SomeofthempaidlandtaxorJizyah,
andothersembracedIslambecauseofthepowerofthebelieversandtheirgreatmoralswhichAllahhighly
praisedandprescribedforthem.ImmediatelyafterMuslimrulers,governors,scholarsandordinarypeople
hadbeensteadfastonthesegreatmorals,allcircumstanceswereintheirfavor,theirenemiesfearedthem
andAllahgrantedthemvictoryoverthoseenemies.Theyconqueredseveralnationsandthepeopleofthose
nationsembracedIslamandtheyestablishedtheShari`ah(Islamiclaw)inthosecountriestillthedominion
oftheIslamicnationreachedthefarEastandthefarWestaccordingtowhattheProphet(peacebeupon
him)promisedintheHadithreportedbyThawban(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thatisrelatedinSahih
Muslim.WhenMuslimschangedtheirmorals,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsochangedtheirturnofsupport,and
theirenemiesstartedtosnatchtheirresources.WheneverMuslimscomebacktoobeyingtheirLord,repent
toHim,holdsteadfasttotheirreligion,Hewillinevitablyrestoretheirdominion,reformtheircorruption, www.ircpk.com
grantthemvictoryovertheirenemiesandrestoretheirusurpedthroneandglory.

Itisobligatoryonrulers,governors,scholars,therich,andthepoortocomebackasfastastheycanto
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)andadheretothegreatmoralsthatHehasprescribedandenjoinedonHisservants.
WarningshouldbegiventothosewiththebadmoralsthatAllahhasforbidden.Whenever

(PartNo:7,PageNo:173)

thewholecommunityissteadfastonthereligionofIslamandhelponeanotherinrighteousnessandpiety
andgivemutualadvicetooneanothertofollowthesegreatmoralsinalltheircircumstanceswhetherin
hardshipsorease,intravelorathome,Allahwillsupportthemandmakethemconquertheirenemiesand
grantthemthegreatestdominionoftheearthandrestoretothemwhathasbeenpreviouslytakenfrom
themandreformtheircorruption.Moreover,Hewillmaketheirenemiesfearthemandbesubmissiveto
themandpaythemJizyahandlandtaxforfearofthemandlesttheyshouldconquerthem,ortoembrace
IslamlikewhathadhappenedwithourSalaf.

Myadvicetowhoeverreads,hearsorisinformedofthesewordsistofearAllahandtofeeltheincessant
presenceofHimwheneverandwhereverheis.Ialsoadvisethemtokeepsteadfasttotheprescribedmorals
whichAllahhasordainedandhighlypraisedthosewhosticktothemintheGloriousQur'anorthosemorals
whichtheProphet(peaceuponhim)praisedinhispurifiedSunnah.ItisobligatoryonMuslimstostickto
thosemoralsandkeepsteadfasttothemandtogivemutualadvicefortheirfriendstosticktothem
wheneverandwherevertheyare.TheyhavetokeepawayfromtheevilmoralswhichAllahandHis
MessengerMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)dispraise,theyalsohavetoadvisetheirfriendstoabstainfrom
them.ThisisthemeaningofAllah'ssaying: Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,
protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),and
forbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslmhasforbidden)theyperformAsSalt
(Iqmata sSalt),andgivetheZakt,andobeyAllhandHisMessenger. ThisAyahincludesallthegreatandnoble
morals.

Then,He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysatitsend: AllhwillhaveHisMercyonthem.SurelyAllhisAllMighty,All
W i s e . HismercyincludesthatHewillsupportthemandgrantthemvictoryovertheirenemies.Itisalsoof
Allah'sMercythatHewillsafeguardthemagainsttheevilsoftheenemies,helpthemtosticktothosegreat
morals,grantthemabundantformsofRizq(sustenance),sendraindown,causeplantsto

(PartNo:7,PageNo:174)

sprout,andgrantthemallwhattheyaskfor.Inaddition,HismercymeansthatHewilladmitthemto
Jannah(Paradise)andsavethemfromHellfireaccordingtoHispromise(GlorifiedbeHe): Allhhaspromised
thebelieversmenandwomen,Gardensunderwhichriversflowtodwellthereinforever,andbeautifulmansionsinGardensofAdn
(EdenParadise).ButthegreatestblissistheGoodPleasureofAllh.Thatisthesupremesuccess. Thisistheirrewardinthe
Hereafter,andinthislifemercy,victory,successandsupportaretheirs.IntheHereaftertheywillbe
rewardedwithHismercythroughcausingthemtoenterParadiseandbeingsavedfromHellfire.

IsupplicatetoAllahbyHisFairestNamestoguideusalltoadheretothesegreatmoralswhichHehighly
lauded,ordained,andpraisedpeoplewhoadheretothem,guideallMuslimsallovertheworld,theirrulers,
andgovernorsineveryplaceoftheIslamiclandtosticktothesegreatandnoblemorals,keepusallaway
fromtheevilanddispraisedmorals,bringtoexistencethecausesofthevictoryofHisreligion,andspreadit
allovertheworld.IsupplicatetoHimtosetrighttheaffairsofallMuslimrulersandpeopleseverywhere,
grantthem,especiallytherulersofourcountry,successindoingallwhatisgood,supportthem,unitethem
onTaqwa(fearingAllahasHeshouldbefeared),causetheirvictorythroughadoptingAlHaqq(theTruth),
makethemsupportersofAlHaqq,grantthemcomprehensiveunderstandingofHisreligion,keepthem
steadfastonit,setrighttheaffairsoftheirretinue,supportthemtoadopttherightpath,andincreasetheir
supporters.HeisAllHearer,EverNear(toallthings).MaypeaceandblessingsbeuponourProphet
Muhammad,hisfamily,Companions,andthosewhofollowedtheminrighteousness!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:175)

Questionsonthelectureentitled:

IslamicManners

Q1:

Manyoftheseekersofknowledge,whoattendclassesandlectures,andcrowdroundthe
scholarsduringlectures,donotenjoinwhatisrightandforbidwhatiswrong.Wehopethat
youwillsayafewwordsonthismatter.

A : AllMuslimsareobligatedtoenjoinwhatisgoodandforbidwhatisevil,asmuchastheyareableto.If
thisisdonesufficientlybysomepeople,theresponsibilitywillberemovedfromothers.Butifitisneglected
byeveryone,thewholesocietywillbesinful.

EveryMuslimshouldthereforeexerteffortstofulfillthis.And,ifthereisaplacewherethereisnoone
enjoiningthegoodandforbiddingtheevil,itisobligatorytodoitthere,becausetheProphetMuhammad
(peacebeuponhim)said, AnyoneofyouwhoseessomethingthatisMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableordisapprovedofby
IslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect),shouldchangeitwiththeirhandandiftheycannot,thenwiththeirtongueandifthey
cannot,thenwiththeirheartandthatistheweakestofIman(Faith). (RelatedbyImamMusliminhis"Sahih[Bookof
AuthenticHadith]")ItisobligatoryonMuslimstocooperateinthismatterandadviseoneanotherofit
wherevertheyareinmosques,inthestreet,athomewiththefamily,etc.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Oyou
whobelieve!WardoffyourselvesandyourfamiliesagainstaFire(Hell)

Itisobligatorytocooperateindoinggoodandtobepatientindoingso.

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(PartNo:7,PageNo:176)

Therulingonjoiningreligiousparties

Q2:

Whatdoyouadvisepreacherstodoagainstthereligiousinnovators?Wewouldlikeyouto
directspecialadvicetotheyoungmenwhoareexcitedaboutjoiningsocalledreligious
parties.

A:

WeadviseallourbrotherstocallthepeopletoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)withwisdomandgentle
preachingandarguingwiththebestmannerasHeaskedustodowithallthepeopleandwith
theinnovatorsiftheyshowtheirinnovationinpublicwhethertheyarefromtheShi`ah(Shi'ites)or
others.Believershavetodenounceanyinnovationinreligionasmuchastheycanbyusing
legalways.

Bid`ah(innovationinreligion)iswhatpeopleinnovateinreligionandthenattributeto
religioneventhoughitisnot.ProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)said, Hewhoinnovates
somethinginour(religious)affairthatisnotpartofitwillhaveitrejected. TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceand
Blessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: Whoeverdoesanyactforwhichthereisnosanctiononourbehalf,itistobe
rejected. Rafidah(aShi`ahgroupdenyingthecaliphatesofAbuBakrAlSiddiqand`Umaribn
AlKhattabandmakingaccusationsagainstthemandmanyotherCompanionsoftheProphet),
Mu`tazilah(adeviantIslamicsectclaimingthatthosewhocommitmajorsinsareinastate
betweenbeliefanddisbelief),Murji'ah(adeviantIslamicsectclaimingthatFaithisrestricted
tobeliefnotdeeds)andKhawarij(separatistgroupthatbelievescommittingamajorsin
amountstodisbelief)areclearexamplesoftheerroneousgroupswhichwereestablishedon
thebasisofBid`ah. Likewise,therearetheBid`ahsofcelebratingbirthdaypartiesand
buildingmosquesovergraves,andsoon.Weshouldadviseanddirectpeopletowhatisgood,
denouncetheBid`ahstheyintroduceusinglegalproofsandeducatethemwithgentleand
goodmannersandclearproofssothattheywouldacceptthetruth.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:177)

AMuslimmustnotbelongtoinnovatedparties.WeshouldonlybelongtoAllah'sBookandthe
SunnahofHisProphet(peacebeuponhim)andcooperateinthisregardwithsincerityand
truthsoastobepartofAllah'sParty.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)saysattheendofSurahAl
Mujadalah, Verily,itisthePartyofAllhthatwillbethesuccessful. AftermentioningtheirgreattraitsinHis
Saying, You(OMuhammad)willnotfindanypeoplewhobelieveinAllhandtheLastDay,makingfriendship
withthosewhoopposeAllhandHisMessenger(Muhammad) ...

AmongtheirgreattraitsarewhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)mentionsinSurahAlDhariyat
whenAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Verily,theMuttaqn(thepious.SeeV.2:2)willbeinthemidstof
GardensandSprings(intheParadise), TakingjoyinthethingswhichtheirLordhasgiventhem.Verily,theywerebeforethis
Muhsinn(gooddoers.SeeV.2:112). Theyusedtosleepbutlittlebynight[invokingtheirLord(Allh)andpraying,withfearand
hope]. Andinthehoursbeforedawn,theywere(found)asking(Allh)forforgiveness. Andintheirpropertiestherewasthe
Thesearethetraitsof
rightoftheSil(thebeggarwhoasks)andtheMahrm(thepoorwhodoesnotaskothers).
Allah'sParty.TheydonotsidewithotherthanAllah'sBookandtheSunnahtheycallpeople
tothemandfollowthewayoftheSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet)(mayAllahbe
pleasedwiththem)andtheirfollowersinproperguidance.

TheyadviseallpartiesandsocietiesandaskthemtoadheretotheQur'anandSunnah,using
bothasareferencetojudgeanydifference.IfanymatteragreeswiththeQur'anandSunnah,
itwillbeacceptableotherwise,itistoberejected.

ThereisnodifferenceinthisregardbetweenthegroupsofAlIkhwanAlMuslimun(MuslimBrotherhood),
A n s a ru lSunnah,A lJam`iyyahAlShar`iyyah,theTablighGrouporanyothergroupthatrelatesitselftoIslam.
Inthisway,Muslimswillbeunited,theirobjectivewillbeclearandtheywillbeasoneparty

(PartNo:7,PageNo:178)

followingonthefootstepsof A h lu lSunnahwalJama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody)
whoareAllah'sPartyandsupportersandcallerstoHisreligion.

Itisnotallowedtofanaticallyadheretoanygrouporpartyinawaythatcontradictsourpure
Shari`ah.
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Thirdquestion:

Pleasetellusaboutthemostimportantbooksin`Aqidah(creed).

A : Themostimportantbookin`AqidahistheQur'anitisthemosttruthful,thegreatestandthenoblest
book.Youshouldadheretoitasmuchaspossibleandreciteitoften.Itincludes`Aqidah,guidanceto
goodnessandwarningagainstevil.Ifyoureaditcarefullyoutofdesiretolearnandfollowitsinstructions
closely,whetherinwords,deedsor`Aqidah,youwillfindallgoodnessinitfromthebeginningtotheend
i.e.fromSurahAlFatihah[Surah(1)]to Say:"Iseekrefugewith(Allh)theLordofmankind, Ifyoucontemplatethis
greatbookandreciteitoften,youwillcomprehendthe`AqidahwhichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)acceptfrom
youandfromtheMu'mins(believers).

Then,youshouldreadthebooksofHadith,suchastheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.Al
BukhariandMuslim)andothers.

Afterthat,youshouldreadthebooksofscholarsknownforknowledge,graceandtrue`Aqidah,suchasthe
bookswrittenbytheShaykhofIslamIbnTaymiyyah,including"Al`AqidahAlWasitiyyah","Al`AqidahAl
Tadmuriyyah","Al`AqidahAlHamawiyyah","MinhajAlSunnah"and"Majmu`AlFatawa".Thereisalsothe
bookof`AqidahwrittenbyIbnAbuZaydAlQayrawanyandtheexplanationofIbnAbul`IzzforAlTahawiyyah
`Aqidah,beingausefulone.

Moreover,thereareusefulbookswrittenbyIbnAlQayyim(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim).Thereisalsothe
bookentitled"Fath A lMajid"writtenbyShaykh`AbdulRahmanibnHasanand"AlTawhid","KashfAl
Shubuhat"and"ThalathatAlUsul"byImamandShaykhMuhammadibn`AbdulWahhab."KashfAlShubuhat"and
"ThalathatAlUsul"

(PartNo:7,PageNo:179)

Thereisalso"AlDurarAlSaniyyah"thatincludetheFatwas(legalopinionsissuedbyaqualifiedMuslim
scholar)issuedbythescholarsofNajd.IadvisethebeginnerknowledgeseekerstomemorizetheQur'anor
asmuchastheycan,andtostudythebooksentitled"AlTawhid","KashfAlShubuhat","ThalathatAlUsul"
and"Al`AqidahAlWasitiyyah."TheyclarifytherealityofthethreepartsofTawhidandSalafiyyah(theway
oftherighteouspredecessors),

whichisthe`AqidahcalledtobyShaykhandImamMuhammadibn`AbdulWahhab(mayAllahbemercifulwith
him),andwhichisthe`AqidahadoptedbySaudiArabia.ItentailsadheringtotheQur'anandtheSunnah,and
followingthewayoftheSalaf(righteouspredecessors)in`AqidahandrulingsaccordingtotheQur'an,the
SunnahoftheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim),andthewayoftheSahabah(Companionsofthe
Prophet)andtheirfollowers.SomepeoplecallitWahabiyyah`Aqidah,andthinkthatitisanew`Aqidah
contradictorytotheQur'anandtheSunnah.Thisisnotthecaseitisthe`AqidahfollowedbytheSalafof
theUmmah(nation)aspreviouslymentionedbutourenemiesgaveitthisnametomakepeoplehateitand
othersimitatedthemoutofignorance.

However,aknowledgeseekershouldnotbedeceivedbythistheyshouldknowthetruthfromtheirbooks,
notthroughtheclaimsoftheirenemiesandthosewhoareignorantoftheir`Aqidah.MayAllahgrant
everyoneguidanceandsuccess!

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Fourthquestion:

YourEminencehasmentionedinyourspeechthatenjoininggoodandforbiddingevilshould
beobservedwithleniencyandtenderness,yetthisdoesnotworkoutwithsomepeople.

Answer:

Ifyouhaveauthority,youshoulduseitinaccordancewiththerequirementsoflegalrules.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:180)

However,thosewhodonothaveauthorityshouldobserveleniencyandtendernesssoastofulfilltheirduty,
forAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Invite(mankind,OMuhammad)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)with
wisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: AndbytheMercy
ofAllh,youdealtwiththemgently.Andhadyoubeensevereandharshhearted,theywouldhavebrokenawayfromaboutyou In
additiontotheProphet'ssaying(peacebeuponhim): Thereisnoleniencyinathingbutitadornsit,andtheabsenceof
leniencyinanythingtaintsit .

However,iftheonewhoenjoinsgoodorforbidsevilassumesanyauthoritysuchasacommander,
president,oramemberoftheGeneralPresidency(forpromotionofvirtueandpreventionofvice),they
shouldexercisetheirpoweronwhoeverdisobeys.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Andarguenotwiththepeopleof
theScripture(JewsandChristians),unlessitbein(away)thatisbetter(withgoodwordsandingoodmanner,invitingthemto
IslmicMonotheismwithHisVerses),exceptwithsuchofthemasdowrong Accordingly,awrongdoershouldbetreated
harshly,aswellasthedisobedientaccordingtothecapabilityalongwithconsideringthelegalrulesimposed
byacommanderorothersamongstthepeopleofauthorityandpower.Themanshouldcontrolhisfamily
accordingtohiscapability,thesameappliestoateacherwithhisstudentsandachiefwithhistribe.Asfor
otherswhohavenoauthority,theyshouldenjoingoodandforbidevilwithwisdom,propermannersalong
withdirectingtowardsgoodandmakingDu`a'forpeopletobeguided.However,iftheaimisnotachieved,
theissueshouldbereferredtothosewhoareincharge.

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Q5:

Itiswidelycommonamongpeoplethattheymaysay,beforegoingtosleep,Oguardian
angels,wakemeupatsuchandsuchatime.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:181)

A:

Thisisnotpermissible,infact,itisaformofmajorShirk(associatingothersinworshipwithAllah),because
itisbeseechingothersthanAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andaskingafavorfromtheunseensuchastheJinn
(creaturescreatedfromfire),idols,andthedeceasedpeople.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Andthemosquesare
forAllh(Alone):soinvokenotanyonealongwithAllh. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: SuchisAllh,yourLordHisisthe
kingdom.Andthose,whomyouinvokeorcalluponinsteadofHim,ownnotevenaQitmr(thethinmembraneoverthedatestone).
Ifyouinvoke(orcallupon)them,theyhearnotyourcallandif(incase)theyweretohear,theycouldnotgrantit(yourrequest)to
you.AndontheDayofResurrection,theywilldisownyourworshippingthem.Andnonecaninformyou(OMuhammad
)likeHimWhoistheAllKnower(ofeverything). Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)describescallinguponanyoneother
thanHim,suchasthedead,idols,thejinnortheangels,asShirk.He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says,
Andverily,thereweremenamongmankindwhotookshelterwiththemalesamongthejinn,butthey(jinn)increasedthem
(mankind)insinandtransgression. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Andwhoeverinvokes(orworships),besidesAllh,any
otherilh(god),ofwhomhehasnoproofthenhisreckoningisonlywithhisLord.Surely!AlKfirn(thedisbelieversinAllhandin
theOnenessofAllh,polytheists,pagans,idolaters)willnotbesuccessful. So,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)callsthosewhocall
uponanyoneotherthanHimasKafir(disbelievers).Thisappliestoallthosewhocalluponanyoneother
thanAllah(ExaltedbeHe),whetheritbethedead,idols,jinnorangelsnooneisexcludedfromthatexcept
onewhoisalive,presentandabletohelp,becauseAllah(ExaltedbeHe)saysinthestoryofMusa(Moses),
Themanofhis(own)partyaskedhimforhelpagainsthisfoe ExamplesofthisformofShirkaretobefoundinwhat
somepeoplesay,suchasOjinn,seizehimorOseven(jinn),seizehimorOjinnofthenoontime,
seizehimorOjinnofsuchandsuchavalleyor

(PartNo:7,PageNo:182)

Ojinnofsuchandsuchaland. AllthisismajorShirkandiscallinguponunseencreaturesinsteadof
Allah.Ifapersonsays,OangelsofAllah,wakemeuporprotectme,thisisalsomajorShirk,andifhe
says,Ojinnprotectmeorwakemeup,thisisalsomajorShirk.WeseekrefugewithAllah(Exaltedbe
He)fromthat.

TheMuslimmustbewareofthatandmustseekhelpfromAllahaloneandaskfromHimalone,forHeis
SufficientandHeisAbletodoallthings.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, InvokeMe,[i.e.believeinMy
Oneness(IslmicMonotheism)andaskMeforanything]Iwillrespondtoyour(invocation). Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays:
AndwhenMyslavesaskyou(OMuhammad)concerningMe,then(answerthem),Iamindeednear(tothemby
MyKnowledge).IrespondtotheinvocationsofthesupplicantwhenhecallsonMe(withoutanymediatororintercessor).Soletthem
obeyMeandbelieveinMe,sothattheymaybeledaright. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)says, Ifyouaskofanyone,
thenaskofAllah,andifyouseekhelp,thenseekhelpfromAllah.

WeaskAllahtohelpusandalltheMuslimstounderstandHisreligionandtokeepussafefromthethings
thatcauseHiswrath,forHeistheAllHearing,EverNear.

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Q6:

DoestherewardofrecitingtheQur'anreachthedeceased?Whatarethewordingsofthe
HadithinwhichapersonaskstheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)abouthisduty
towardshisparentsaftertheirdeath?

A:

ThereisnoevidencetoindicatethatrecitingtheQur'anonbehalfofthedeceasedisMustahab(desirable).It
isbettertoabandonsuchathingandadheretotheteachingsofShari`ahsuchassupplicatingforthe
deceased,payingSadaqah(voluntarycharity)orperformingHajjor`Umrahontheirbehalf,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:183)

settlingtheirdebts,oranythingelsewhichwasconfirmedinthepurifiedShari`ahforthiswillbenefitthem.

TheHadithwhichyouareaskingaboutis: AmanapproachedtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)asking,OMessengerof
Allah!IsthereanythingImustdointermsofkindnesstowardsmyparentsaftertheirdeath?TheProphetreplied,Yes,prayingand
askingforgivenessofAllahontheirbehalf,fulfillingtheirpromises,respectingtheirfriends,andfosteringtheirtiesofkinship. The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)alsosays, WhenasonofAdampassesaway,heiscutofffromhisdeedsexceptforthree
things:SadaqahJariyah(ongoingcharity),goodknowledgethatbenefitssomeone,andagoodchildwhomakesDu`a'(supplication)
forhim. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih(authentic)BookofHadith).ItisalsorecordedintheTwoSahih
(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)thatamantoldtheProphet(peacebeuponhim),
"OMessengerofAllah!Mymotherhaspassedawayandleftnowill.Ithinkthatifshehadbeenabletospeak,shewouldhavegivenin
charity.WillshehavearewardifIgivecharityonherbehalf?"TheMessengerreplied,"Yes."

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Q7:

Isitpermissibleformetokissmy70yearoldcousinonherforeheadoverherHijab(veil)or
shakehandswithherbecausesheisveryold?

A:

Itisnotpermissibleforyoutoshakehandsorkissheronherheadoranywhere.Itispermissibleforyouto
greetherwithwordsonlyevenifsheisold,becausesheisanonMahram(notaspouseoran
unmarriageablerelative).Itisalsopermissibleforyoutosay,"Howareyou?","Howareyourchildren?",
andsoon.TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said, Idonotshakehandswithwomen. Thisincludesold
andyoungwomen.`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)said, ByAllah,thehandoftheMessengerofAllah(peace
beuponhim)nevertouchedthehandofanywoman. ThisreferstowomenwhowerenothisMahrams.Whenhe
acceptedwomen'soathsofallegiancetohim,itwasbywordsonly.

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Q8:

WouldYourEminencediscusssomeofthemeansofadoptingIslamicmanners.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:184)

A:

ThemeansthatleadtoadoptingIslamicmannersare:thefrequentrecitationoftheQur'an,ponderingover
itsmeanings,andstrivingtoattainthecharacteristicsoftherighteousServantsofAllah.Allthishelpsin
attainingnoblemorals.

Inaddition,keepingthecompanyoftherighteousandreadingtheSahih(authentic)Hadithrelatedfromthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)willhelpbringaboutthesameimpact.

YoushouldalsoreadabouttheSalah(righteouspredecessors)intheSirah(theProphet'sbiography)and
IslamichistorytoseethecharacteristicsofAllah'sservantsandthepiouspeople,asallthishelpsinattaining
noblemorals.ItisalsorecommendedtorecitetheQur'anfrequentlyandreflectonitsmeaningsattentively
andsincerelyandadheretotheSunnahoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim).MayAllahgrantussuccess!

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Q9:

SomefathersdonotcaretoteachtheirchildrenaboutIslam.Forexample,theydonotorder
themtoofferSalah(Prayer),recitetheQur'an,orkeepthecompanyoftherighteous.
However,theyorderthemtoattendschoolregularlyandtheybecomeangrywhentheir
childrenmissaschoolday.YourEminence,wouldyoupleaseadvisethem.

A:

IadviseparentstofearAllah(ExaltedbeHe)withregardtothosewhomtheyareinchargeof.Attheageof
seven,childrenshouldbetaughthowtoofferSalahandtheirparentsshouldbeatthem,iftheydonotoffer
itattheageoften.ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Orderyourchildrento
offerSalahwhentheyaresevenyearsold,andbeatthem(iftheyhaveneglectedit)whenreachingtenyearsold,andseparateyour
maleandfemalechildreninbed. Itisobligatoryuponparentsandelderlypeople

(PartNo:7,PageNo:185)

totakecareofthosewhomtheyareinchargeofandorderthemtoofferSalah,forbidthemfromdoing
whatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasprohibited,andobligethemtocarryoutwhatAllahobligatedastheyarea
trustwithwhichtheyhavebeenentrusted.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says, Oyouwhobelieve!Wardoffyourselvesand
yourfamiliesagainstaFire(Hell) Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndenjoinAsSalt(theprayer)onyour
family,andbepatientinofferingthem[i.e.theSalt(prayers)]. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)describesHisProphetand
MessengerIsma`il(Ishmael,peacebeuponhim)saying, AndmentionintheBook(theQurn)Isml(Ishmael).Verily
hewastruetowhathepromised,andhewasaMessenger,(and)aProphet. Andheusedtoenjoinonhisfamilyandhispeople
WeshouldobeythecommandofAllah(Exalted
A sSalt(theprayers)andtheZaktandhisLordwaspleasedwithhim.
beHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)andobligeourfamilytoobeyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHis
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)andofferSalahandcarryoutalltheotheractsofobedience.Weshouldalso
preventthemfromthatwhichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)prohibitedsuchasabandoningSalah,drinkingKhamr
(intoxicant),smoking,listeningtomusic,keepingthecompanyoftheevilpersons,andsoon.

Weshouldorderthemtokeepthecompanyofgoodpeople.Thisisthedutyoftheparentstowardsthose
whomtheyareinchargeof,whethermalesorfemales,forAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)willbringthemtoaccount
ontheDayofResurrection.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, So,byyourLord(OMuhammad
),Weshallcertainlycallallofthemtoaccount. Forallthattheyusedtodo.

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Allofyouareguardiansandareresponsibleforyourcharges.TheImam(i.e.ruler)
istheguardianofhischargesandisresponsibleforthemandamanistheguardianofhisfamilyandisresponsibleforthemand
thewomanistheguardianofherhusband'shouseandisresponsibleforitandtheslaveistheguardianofhismaster'sbelongings
andisresponsibleforthem.

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Thetenthquestion:

WhatisyouropiniononapersonwhorecitestheGloriousQur'anbuthedoesnotknowthe
rulesofrecitation,becausehedidnotreceivemucheducation?Hemakesmanifesterrors
wherehechangesthemeaningandhepresentstheHadithofAishah(mayAllahbepleased
withher)asproofinwhichshesaid: SuchapersonthatrecitestheQuranandmastersitwillbewiththenoble
righteousscribes(inHeaven)... ?

(PartNo:7,PageNo:186)

Answer:

Hehastoexerteffortsandkeeprecitingbeforethosewhoaremoreknowledgeableand
shouldnotgiveuprecitation,becauselearningincreaseshisranks.ThementionedHadithis
proofforhiminwhichtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: OnewhoisproficientintheQur'anis
associatedwiththenoble,upright,recordingangelsandhewhofaltersinit,andfindsitdifficultforhim,willhaveadoublereward.
(RelatedbyMuslim).Themeaningof"Yatata`ta`"referstothelackofknowledgeofrecitation
andhissaying:Itisdifficultforhimbecauseofhislackofknowledge,sohehastoexert
effortsandlearntorecitefromtheknowledgeablepeople,foritcontainsgreatvirtuebecause
oftheProphet'ssaying: Thebestamongyou(Muslims)arethosewholearntheQuranandteachit. (RelatedbyAl
BukhariinhisSahih,BookofauthenticHadiths).So,thebestMuslimsarethosewhoarethe
peopleoftheQur'anlearning,teaching,callingandguiding.Themeaningofknowledgeand
learningisaction.

Thebestofpeoplearethosewholearnknowledge,actaccordinglyandteachittopeople.The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)says: RecitetheQur'an,forontheDayofResurrectionitwillcomeasanintercessorfor
thosewhoreciteit. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih).TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)says: theGlorious
Qur'anisaproofonyourbehalforagainstyou. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih).Itmeansthatitisaprooffor
youifyouactaccordinglyorevidenceagainstyouifyoudonotactaccordingly.

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(PartNo:7,PageNo:187)

Theeleventhquestion:

Isitpermissibletokissmysisterorforhertokissme?

Answer:

Thereisnoharminkissingyoursisterorherkissingyou.Likewise,allyourMahram(unmarriageablefemale
relatives)suchasyourpaternalaunt,maternalaunt,stepfather,mother,niecewhomyoumaykissonthe
cheek,nose,foreheadorheadiftheyareold.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)usedtokissFatimahwhen
sheentereduponhimorifheentereduponherandusedtotakeherbyhand.WhenAbuBakr(mayAllahbe
pleasedwithhim)enteredonhisdaughter`Aishahwhileshewassick,heusedtokissheronhercheek.

Thetwelfthquestion:

Whatistherulingonuncoveringoneselfbeforethemaid?

Answer:She(themaid)hastowearHijab(headcovertothewaist)andyouhavetoloweryourgaze.You
havetocommandhertowearHijabbecauseofAllah'ssaying(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe): Tellthebelieving
mentolowertheirgaze(fromlookingatforbiddenthings),andprotecttheirprivateparts(fromillegalsexualacts). Shehasto
wearHijabandcoverherself.Youmustnottobealonewithher,becauseprivacyisoneofthecausesof
temptation.ItisauthenticallyreportedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)thathesaid: Nomanshouldbe
alonewithawoman,forthethirdofthemisthedevil. Donotbealonewithher,yoursisterinlaw,northewifeof
youruncleorothernonMahram(notaspouseoranunmarriageablerelative)becauseofthementioned
Hadith.ThereisnoharminexchangingverbalSalam(Islamicgreetingofpeace)orspeechbutwithout
privacyorshakinghands.

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(PartNo:7,PageNo:188)

Themoralsofthebelievingmenandwomen

InthenameofAllah,theMostGracious,theMostMercifulthegoodendshallbeforthe
pious.MaypeaceandblessingsbeuponAllah'sSlave,theoneentrustedwithHisrevelation,
ourImamandmaster,Muhammadibn`Abdullah,thebestofcallerstoAllah'sPath!Peaceand
blessingsbeuponhisfamily,Companions,andwhoeverfollowshiswayandguidanceuntilthe
LastDay!

IthankAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)whofacilitatedthismeetingwithmybrothersand
sistersinIslamatAlNurSpecializedHospitalinMakkahAlMukarramahbytheHouseofAllah.Iask
Allah(mayHebePraised)toblessourmeeting,toreformourheartsanddeeds,tograntus
properunderstandingofHisreligionandtoprotectusallfromtheevilsofoursoulsandour
baddeeds.

Iwouldalsoliketothankallthestaffofthishospitalspecialthanksareduetothemanager
forinvitingmetothismeeting.IaskAllahtoblesstheeffortsmadebyallandtoassistthem
todoallthatpleasesAllahandwhatittakestomakethishospitalasuccess,andtoendow
goodhealthtoboththestaffandthepatients.IalsoaskAllah(mayHebePraised)toguide
usalltowhatisgoodandestablishusfirmlyonHisreligion,andtokeepusallsafefromthe
misleadingtrials.

BrothersandsistersinIslam!Iamgoingtotalktoyouabout"Themoralsofthebelievingmen
andwomen."InmanypartsoftheQur'an,Allah(mayHebePraised)repeatedlymentioned

(PartNo:7,PageNo:189)

themoralsofthebelievingmenandwomensothattheymaylearnsuchmoralsandpractice
theminordertosticktotheRightPath.Inthisregard,thereisnodifferencebetweenprinces,
doctors,scholarsandthecommonbelievingmenandwomenasallarerequiedtoadoptthe
moralsofImanthatAllahprescribedforHisServantsandaskedthemtofollowinorderto
attainhappinessinthisworldandintheHereafter.MakingsuchmoralsarealitythatMuslims
livewillbeameansofbringingbenefittoallinthisworldandawaytobesavedinthe
Hereafter.Inthisregard,themostrelevantAyah(Qur'anicverse)istheoneinSurahAl
Tawbahwhichreads, Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanother
theyenjoin(onthepeople)AlM a rf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAl
Munkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslmhasforbidden)theyperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),andgive
theZakt,andobeyAllhandHisMessenger.AllhwillhaveHisMercyonthem.SurelyAllhisAllMighty,AllWise.

HethenmentionedtheirrewardintheHereafterasHesaid, Allhhaspromisedthebelieversmenand
women,Gardensunderwhichriversflowtodwellthereinforever,andbeautifulmansionsinGardensofAdn(EdenParadise).But
thegreatestblissistheGoodPleasureofAllh.Thatisthesupremesuccess. So,everyMuslimandbeliever,man
andwoman,hastocontemplatethisAyahanditsmeanings,thinkaboutthemcarefullyand
workaccordinglysothattheywillattaintheMercyofAllahinboththislifeandinthe
HereafterandbeamongthewinnersofParadiseanddignityontheDayofResurrection.

Allthebelievingmenandwomen,ArabandnonArab,

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fromamongtheJinnandhumans,managers,doctors,sellers,nursesandothers,ifthey
believeinAllahandinHisMessenger,allofthemwillbeincludedinthisAyah, Thebelievers,men
andwomen,areAuliy (helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanother Thismeansthatthereisa
relationshipofloyaltyandaffiliationbetweenMuslimmenwitheachotherandMuslimwomen
witheachothertheygivemutualadviceandenjoinonthemselvestodowhatisright,tobe
honestandtruthful,nottocheat,backbite,givefalsewitnessoroppressoneanotherin
regardstomoneyorhonor.Abidingbygoodmannerswilladmitthebelieverstothegood
rewardpromisedbyAllah.Thebelievingmenandwomenshouldpaymuchattentiontothis
dutyandstruggletoapplyitsoastobeincludedinthisAyah.So,doctorshavetoadvise
peopleintheirwork,efficientlycarryouttheirdutiestowardspatientsbeconsciousofAllah
whentheytreatpatientsorprescribemedicineforthem,aswellasinallmatters,theyshould
thinkofbenefitsforpatients.Femaledoctorsalsohavetodothesame,inadditiontoother
hospitalstaff,includingmaleandfemalenurses.Allah(mayHebePraised)says, Thebelievers,
menandwomen,areAuliy (helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.
IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,
andallthatIslmhasforbidden) You[truebelieversinIslmicMonotheism,andrealfollowersofProphetMuhammad
)andhisSunnah]arethebestofpeopleseverraisedupformankindyouenjoinAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthat
Islmhasordained)andforbidAlMunkar(polytheism,disbeliefandallthatIslmhasforbidden),andyoubelieveinAllh.
www.ircpk.com
(PartNo:7,PageNo:191)

Societieswillbereformedandguidedtothestraightpathifindividualscontinueadvisingtheir
fellowMuslims,carryingouttheirduties,andnotbetrayingtheirfellowMuslimsinanything.
Societyhastoobservetheseguidelinesinalltypesofbusinessactivitiesandtransactionsin
accordancetotheProphet's(peacebeuponhim)saying, "Religionisbasedonadvisingoneanother."Itwas
asked,"Forwhom?"Hereplied,"ForAllah,HisBook,HisMessengerandfortheleadersandthegeneralMuslims." Jariribn
`AbdullahAlBajaly,oneofthecompanions(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)said, Igavethepledgeof
allegiancetotheProphet(peacebeuponhim)forthefollowing:toofferprayersperfectly,topaytheZakat(obligatorycharity),andto
begivesincereadvicetoeveryMuslim.

AllahthenmentionedSalahandZakat.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: theyperformAsSalt(Iqmatas
Salt)andgivetheZakt Thismeansthattheyenjoingood,forbidevil,performandabidebySalah
asAllahordainedthemtoperformSalahonduetimes.Also,everybelievingmanandwoman
shouldpaymuchattentionandabidebySalahasAllahordained,menhavetoprayinmasjids
(mosques)whilewomenshouldprayathomeorattheworkplacewithsincerityandhumility
asAllahsays, Successfulindeedarethebelievers. ThosewhooffertheirSalt(prayers)withallsolemnityandfull
submissiveness. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Guardstrictly(fiveobligatory)AsSalawt(the
prayers)especiallythemiddleSalt(i.e.thebestprayerAsr). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays:
AndperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),andgiveZaktandbowdown(orsubmityourselveswithobediencetoAllh)alongwithAr
Raki n. PrayeristhepillarofIslamanditsgreatestpillarafterwitnessingthatnonehasthe
righttobeworshippedbutAllahandMuhammadistheMessengerofAllah.

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Everybelievingmanandwomanshouldperformprayerscompletelyintranquilityand
submission.Believersshouldcooperatewiththeirfamilies,neighborsandotherstocontinue
performingprayers.Also,thebelievingwomenshoulddothesamewiththeirfamilies,
husbands,brothers,daughtersandotherstoperformprayersandgiveadvice.

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: ByAlAsr(thetime). Verily,manisinloss, Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmic


Monotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommendoneanothertothetruth[i.e.orderoneanothertoperformallkindsof
gooddeeds(AlM a ruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeeds(AlMunkarwhichAllhhas
forbidden],andrecommendoneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,andinjurieswhichonemayencounterinAllhsCause
duringpreachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd). Inthisway,thebelieversadviseandenjoinone
anothertodowhatisrightandbepatientindoingit,Allah,theAllMightysays Helpyouone
anotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,righteousnessandpiety)butdonothelponeanotherinsinandtransgression.Andfear
Allh.Verily,AllhisSevereinpunishment. Thebelievingmenandwomenshouldhelptheirbrothersand
sistersindoingwhatisgoodandnottocooperateintransgressionandsinsuchasnot
performingprayersandnotenjoiningoneanothertodogood.Theyshouldcooperatetoobey
AllahandHisMessengerandhelponeanotheringoodnessandpietyandtoforbidsinsand
transgression.

Zakatisthemoneydue,Muslimshavetocooperateandadviseoneanothertodoit.Believers
obeyAllahandHisMessengerineverything.PayingmuchattentiontotheHolyQur'anand
contemplatingitsmeaningsarethebestwaystoachievethatandtoattainpiety,purify
hearts,andcarryoutAllah'sandHisServants'duty.

IadviseeveryonetofearAllahandkeeptoHisreligionandadvise

(PartNo:7,PageNo:193)

forAllah'ssakeandHisservants,namelytoadvisethepatientandneveroverlooktheirrights.
Theyshouldhavetheirrightinfullasthisisatrust.

IalsoadvisepeopletopayattentiontoAllah'srightSalah,Zakat,Sawm(fasting),Hajj,and
thelikeasAllah'srightisthegreatest.Ialsoadviseeveryonetoadviseoneanothertoobey
AllahandHisMessengerinallconditionsinprosperityandincalamityintravelandwhile
stayinginyourcountryorinanotheroneonland,airorseaandeverywhere.Youhavetofear
Allah,holdyourselftoaccount,stayawayfromwhatAllahforbidsandprotectyourselffrom
committingthatwhichAllahforbids.AllahpromisedtobestowHisMercyonusforthisas
Allahsays: AllhwillhaveHisMercyonthem. ThismeansthatwhenevertheycarryoutHisRightand
therightsofHisservants,AllahshallgrantthemMercyandprovidethemwithmoreguidance
thenHeshallextendHisMercyandmakethementerparadiseandsavethemfromhellfire.

Itisalsoimportanttostudythereligioncarefullyasanybelievingmanorwomanhastolearn
theirreligion.ThisisevidencethatapersonbelievesinAllahandHisMessenger.Prophet
Muhammad,peacebeuponhim,said: "IfAllahwantstodogoodtoaperson,Hemakeshimcomprehendthe
religion." TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: "Ifanyonetravelsin
searchofknowledge,AllahwillmakeiteasyforhimtohaveawaytoParadise." Wheneveraservantistruthfulwith
Allahandworksindiligenceandsincerity,Allahmakeseverythingeasyforhimandteaches
himreligion,makeshimknowwhathedoesnotknow,andassistshimtodowhatisgood.
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: AndwhosoeverfearsAllhandkeepshisdutytoHim,Hewillmakeawayforhimtogetout
(fromeverydifficulty). AndHewillprovidehimfrom(sources)henevercouldimagine. Allah www.ircpk.com
(PartNo:7,PageNo:194)

(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: andwhosoeverfearsAllhandkeepshisdutytoHim,Hewillmakehis
mattereasyforhim. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AsforthosewhostrivehardinUs(Our
Cause),WewillsurelyguidethemtoOurPaths(i.e.AllhsreligionIslmicMonotheism).Andverily,AllhiswiththeMuhsinn
(gooddoers)."

MayAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)guideyouandustousefulknowledgeandgood
deeds,purifyourheartsandallourdeedsandguideustoHisRightPath!Verily,AllahisAll
Hearerandrespondent.MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponprophetMuhammad,his
household,companionsandfollowerswithfairness.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:195)

IslamicEthics

AllpraiseandthanksareduetoAllh,theLordoftheAlamn(mankind,jinn,andallthatexists).MayPeace
andBlessingsbeuponHisservant,Messenger,andProphetwhomAllahentrustedwithHisrevelation,our
prophet,Imamandmaster,Muhammadbin`Abdullah,hiscompanions,householdandwhoeverfollowshis
guidancetillthedayofresurrection.

IthankAllah(ExaltedbeHe),asHegrantedmethischancetomeetmybrothersinthisculturalseminar
dedicatedforenjoiningthegoodandexchangeofadviceinadheringtotherightandIslamicethics,
encouragingeverythingthatmakesusclosertoandpleasesAllah.MayAllahmakeourmeetingblessed,
purifyourheartsanddeeds,andmakeuscomprehendHisreligionandkeeptoit.Ialsothanktheheadof
thisculturalseminarinRiyadhforinvitingmetoattendthismeeting.Iwouldalsoliketothankallthebrothers
whocooperatedtopreparethismeetingandIalsothankthosewhocametoattendit.

AnyonewhohasgoodknowledgeaboutreligionknowsverywellthatIslamisAllah'sreligionrevealedto
prophetsthroughtheHolyBooks.Itisthereligionforwhichthejinnandmankindwerecreated.Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)says, Truly,thereligionwithAllhisIslm. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays Thisday,Ihaveperfected
yourreligionforyou,completedMyFavouruponyou,andhavechosenforyouIslmasyourreligion.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:196)

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, AndwhoeverseeksareligionotherthanIslm,itwillneverbeacceptedofhim,
andintheHereafterhewillbeoneofthelosers.

TheessenceofIslamisrepresentedinworshipingAllah(ExaltedbeHe),obeyingHiscommands,keeping
awayfromwhatHeforbids,andbelievingineverythingHesaidabouttheDayofResurrection,Paradise,
Hell,theaccountsoftheprophets,andsoon.

IslammeanssubmissiontoAllahtobesubmissiveandhumbletoHim.So,whoeverembracesIslam,
submitstoit,keepsawayfromwhatitforbids,believesinAllah,Hismessengers,andineverythingthat
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)andHismessengertold,isarealMuslim.

ThebasisandfoundationofIslamistowitnessthatnonehastherighttobeworshippedbutAllahand
MuhammadistheMessengerofAllahandtobelieveinallprophets,messengers,HolyBooks,angelsandin
thedayofresurrectionandinpredestination,whethergoodorevil.EveryMuslimhastosubmittoAllah's
commandsandkeepsawayfromwhatAllahforbidsoutofsincerity,truthfulness,andloveforAllah(Exalted
beHe).

Asiswellknown,IslamhasfiveRukns(pillars):totestifythatnonehastherighttobeworshippedbutAllah
andMuhammadistheMessengerofAllah,performingprayers,givingZakat,fastingRamadan,andHajjfor
apersonwhohastheabilityandallotherkindsofworshiparerelatedtothesefivepillarssuchasenjoining
thegood,forbiddingtheevil,filialgratitudetotheparents,keepinggoodrelationswithkithandkin,and
otherCommandsfromAllahandHisMessenger.Islamhasalsosiximpliedpillarscalled

(PartNo:7,PageNo:197)

thepillarsofIman(faith):believinginAllahastheOnlyGodthathastobeworshipped,astheCreatorand
theDisposeroftheuniverse,andbelievinginHisangels,Books,Messengers,theDayofResurrection,andin
thepredestinationwhetheritisgoodorevil.Anybelieverhastobelieveintheseexplicitandimplied
foundationsandkeeptothem.AfterthetworanksofIslamandIman(faith)comestherankofIhsan(to
worshipAllahasifyouwereseeingHim,andevenifyoudonotseeHim,Hecertainlyseesyou)asnarrated
intheHadithreportedby`UmarIbnAlKhattabandAbuHurayrah(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem).Theynarrated
thatGabrielaskedProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)aboutIslam,Iman,andIhsan.Inshort,he
askedaboutthecommandthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)commandstodoandtheprohibitionthatHeforbids.
Everybelievingmanandwomanhastodotheirbestinworship,besincerewhentheyworkforAllah'ssake,
keeptotherightcreed,andtobeshynottoletAllahseethemdoingmischief.

TheIslamicethicsintheHolyBookandSunnahshowsthismatterandguidetoitasAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
showedIslamicethicsinHisHolyBook.ProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)alsoexplainedtheminhis
pureSunnah.ThebelievershavetofollowtheIslamicethicsintheirsayings,deeds,worship,andother
behaviors.TheyhavetoabidebytheseIslamicethicsthatmakethemclosertoAllah(ExaltedbeHe),toHis
Paradise,andkeepthemawayfromthecausesofHisWrathandPunishment.Muslimshavetocontemplate
theversesoftheHolyQuran,knowthepositionsofpraiseanddispraise,comprehendthemeaningsofthe
HolyversestoextractfromthemIslamicethicsthattheyhavetofollowandkeepawayfromwhatAllah
dispraises.MuslimsalsohavetofearAllah(ExaltedbeHe)inalltheirdeeds,worship,anddealings.They
shouldfear

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Allahanywhereandeverywhere.IfaMuslimfearsAllahinreality,heshallneverdisobeyHimandheshall
dohisbesttoworshipHim,seekparadise,andkeepawayfromHell.

WehavetobewareofwhathappenedinmanyMuslimcountriessuchasexcessiveestimationofgraves,
supplicatingatgraves,andaskingthedeceasedforhelp.Someaskthemtohealpatients,toovercome
enemies,andotherkindsofworship.ThereisnodoubtthatthisisShirk(Polytheism),andtakingthe
occupiersofgravesasGodswithAllah(ExaltedbeHe).So,itisamusttoavoidthatandwarnpeople
againstit.InHisHolyBook,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)tellsthatthiswasthereligionoftheearlypagans.Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)says, AndtheyworshipbesidesAllhthingsthatharmthemnot,norprofitthem,andtheysay:Theseareour
intercessorswithAllh. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: SoworshipAllh(Alone)bydoingreligiousdeedssincerelyfor
A l l hssakeonly. Surelythereligion(i.e.theworshipandtheobedience)isforAllhonly.AndthosewhotakeAuliy(protectors,
helpers,lords,gods)besidesHim(say):"WeworshipthemonlythattheymaybringusneartoAllh."VerilyAllhwilljudgebetween
themconcerningthatwhereintheydiffer.Truly,Allhguidesnothimwhoisaliar,andadisbeliever.

HerecomestheroleofIslamicethicsthatforbidthesedeeds,callpeopletoworshipnonebutAllah,keepto
hiscommandsapartfromwhatHeforbidsfollowingthewayofHisProphet(peacebeuponhim)andhis
Companions(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem).IalsoadviseeveryonetocontemplatetheHolyQuran,
memorizeitallorpartsofitasmuchaspossible,readitoftenatcertaintimesoftheday.Ialsoadvisethem
tostudythepurifiedSunnah,toreadtheProphet'sbiographyandthelife

(PartNo:7,PageNo:199)

ofthecompanions,followerstobenefitfromthatandworkaccordingly.IalsoadviseallmyMuslimbrothers
tocomprehendthereligionandaskscholarsknownfortheirsoundcreedandconductaboutthedifficult
questionstheymayface.Muslimshavetobenefitfromscholarsandaskthemaboutdifficultquestion
seekingtopleaseAllah(ExaltedbeHe)whosays SoaskthepeopleoftheReminder,ifyoudonotknow.

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)istheonlyOnewhocanpurifyallourheartsanddeeds,keepusstraightonHisPath
toactaccordingtotheethicsenactedandclarifiedbytheProphet(peacebeuponhim).MayAllahsaveus
andallMuslimsfrommisleadingtestsandcausesofanger!Allah(ExaltedbeHe)istheonlyoneabletodo
so.MayAllah'sPeacebeuponprophetMuhammad,hishousehold,andcompanions!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:200)

Thevirtueofknowledgeandthehonorofscholars

InthenameofAllah,theMostGracious,theMostMerciful.Thegoodendshallbeforthepious.MayPeace
andBlessingbeuponHisslave,prophetwhomAllahentrustedwithHisrevelation,ourImamandmaster,
MuhammadbinAbdullah,thebestofinviterstoAllah'sPath,anduponhishousehold,companions,and
whoeverfollowshiswayandguidancetilltheLastDay.

Thisisanabstractonthemeritofknowledgeandthehighstatusofscholars.LegalproofsfromtheHoly
BookandSunnahindicatethevirtueofseekingandunderstandingthereligiousknowledgeandtherelated
greatgood,muchreward,goodremembrance,andthegoodendforthosewhomAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
madetheirintentionsgoodandguidedthem.

Therearemanytextsinthisregard.ItisenoughtostatethatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)showsthevirtueof
knowledgeanditsseekersbyaskingthemtotestifytoHisOnenessandtellingthattheyareonlyoneswho
fearHiminreality.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, AllhbearswitnessthatLilhaillaHuwa(nonehastherighttobe
worshippedbutHe),andtheangels,andthosehavingknowledge(alsogivethiswitness)(Healways)maintainsHiscreationin
Justice.LilhaillaHuwa(nonehastherighttobeworshippedbutHe),theAllMighty,theAllWise.

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)askedangelsandscholarstobearwitnesstoHisOneness,theyarethescholarswho
knowHimandHisreligionandwhofearHimasiftheywereseeingHimandstand

(PartNo:7,PageNo:201)

awayfromwhatHeforbids.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says ItisonlythosewhohaveknowledgeamongHisslavesthatfear
Allh. ItiswellknownthateveryMuslimbelievingmanandwoman,fearsAllah(ExaltedbeHe)butonly
scholarsnamelythemessengers(peacebeuponthem),followedbydifferentranksofscholarsfearAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)inanabsolutemanner.

Scholarsaretheheirsoftheprophets.Thetrue,real,andperfectfearofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)isknownand
practicedbythescholarswhoknowverywellHisNames,Attributes,andHisRighttofearHimcompletely.
Theprophets(peacebeuponthem)arethefirstpeopleinthisregardandthenthescholarsondifferent
ranksinknowingaboutAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisreligion.Scholarsandstudentshavetotakecareof
that,fearAllah,andbeawareofHiminallmattersacquiringknowledge,applyingandspreadingthis
knowledge,andinallAllah'srightsandthatofHisservants.

ItisauthenticallyreportedintheTwoSahihsofAlBukhariandMuslimfromMu`awiyah(myAllahbepleased
withhim)thattheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)says: "IfAllahwantstodogoodtoa
person,Hemakeshimcomprehendthereligion." ThisgreatHadithhasotherproofsnarratedbyseveralcompanions
(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem).Itindicatesthattheproofsofgoodnessandhappinessarerepresentedin
comprehendingAllah'sreligion.Everysincerestudentinanyuniversity,scientificinstitute,andsoon,isonly
seekingtocomprehendknowledge.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:202)

MayAllahguidethemandachievetheirgoals.

WhoeverturnsawayfromcomprehendingthereligionistheonewhomAllah(ExaltedbeHe)doesnotwant
tobestowgoodnesson.ThereisnomightorstrengthbutinAllah.

ItisreportedbybyAlBukhariandMuslimfromAbuMusa(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thattheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said, "TheexampleofguidanceandknowledgewithwhichAllahhassentmeislikearainfallingonthe
earthsomeofwhichwasfertilesoilthatabsorbedrainwaterandbroughtforthvegetationandgrassinabundance.Anotherwashard
butheldtherainwaterandAllahbenefitedthepeoplewithitandtheyuseditfordrinkingthemselvesandtheiranimals,andfor
irrigation.Athirdsoilwasbarrenthatcouldneitherholdthewaternorbringforthvegetation(thenthatlandgavenobenefits).The
firstistheexampleofthepersonwhocomprehendsAllah'sreligionandgetsbenefit(fromtheknowledge)whichAllahhasrevealed
throughme(theProphet)andlearnsandthenteachesothers.Thelastexampleisthatofapersonwhodoesnotcareforitanddoes
nottakeAllah'sguidancerevealedthroughme(Heislikethatbarrenland.)"

Therearetwocategoriesofscholarswhoareguidedtohavethisknowledge:Thosewhoareguidedto
knowledgeandcomprehendknowledgeandextractrulesfromittilltheybecomejuristswhomemorize
knowledgeandimpartittopeople.Sotheyareteachers,readers,inviterstoAllah(ExaltedbeHe),teachers
ofknowledge,andareinvolvedinotherwaysofeducationandcomprehension.

Thesecondcategoryistheonethatkeepsandimpartsittothosewhounderstandandextractrulesfromit.
Sobothcategoriesaregreatlyrewardedandgreatlybenefitingthenation.However,mostpeoplearelike
barrenlandwhichcouldneitherholdwaternorbringforth

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vegetation,astheykeptawayanddidnotcareaboutattainingknowledge.

Scholarsandstudentsplayagreatroleinreligiousknowledge.TheyareontherightpathasAllah(Exalted
beHe)guidedthemtomaketheirintentionsincereandtruthfulintheirrequest.Itisapleasureforreligious
scholarstocomprehendAllah'sreligionandcontemplatewhatProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)
revealedofguidanceandknowledgeandcompeteinthisregardpatientlyandwithperseverance.Knowledge
cannotbeattainedthroughcomfort.Itisamusttoexerteffortpatiently.ImamMuslim(mayAllahforgive
him)inhisSahih,inthechapterofprayertimes,mentionedsomechainsofnarrationsthatquotethesaying
o fYahiabinAbiKathir(mayAllahforgivehim),whosaid,'Knowledgeshallnotbeattainedwithoutexhausting
one'sbody.'Hemeansthatattainingknowledgeandcomprehensioninreligionrequirespatience,
persistence,care,timesaving,andsinceritytoandsupplicatingAllah(mayHebePraised).

Thescientificestablishmentswhereknowledgeistaughtandmasjids(mosques)inwhichreligiousand
scientificseminarsareheldhavegreatbenefitsastheyarepreparedtobenefitthepeopleandsolvetheir
problems.Thepersonswhograduatefromthemareexpectedtohavegreatgood,greatbenefits,andpublic
benefit.SoanyonewhomAllah(ExaltedbeHe)endowedwithknowledgeshouldnotkeepawayfrom
benefitingpeople.HeshouldteachandremindthemofAllah(ExaltedbeHe),Hisright,andtherightsofHis
servantsthroughteaching,judging,sermons,reminding,orstudyingwithcolleaguesandbrothersinpublic
andprivatemeetings.Scholarshaveto

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shareinspreadingknowledgeviathemassmediainordertoattaingreatbenefitandimpartknowledgeto
whoeverAllah(ExaltedbeHe)willsallovertheworld.Thatwouldhavegreatgoodandpublicbenefitfor
Muslimsinthisageandineveryageyetweneeditspecificallyinthisage,becauseofthelackofknowledge
andthegreatnumberofpeoplewhoinvitetofalsehood.

Therefore,anyonewhoisendowedwithknowledgehastoendureitpatientlywhileteachingpeoplein
judging,teaching,invitingtoAllah,orinotherMuslimaffairssothattheywouldattaingreatbenefitsand
availofseekingknowledge.

AscholarshouldseekknowledgetoremoveignoranceandgainbenefitsandcomeclosertoHisLordto
pleaseHimwithsureknowledgetobenefitthepeople,takingthemfromdarknesstolight,decidingtheir
problems,makingtermsofpeaceamongthem,teachingtheignorantamongthem,guidingthosewhoare
astray,enjoiningthegoodandforbiddingtheevil,andsoon.Therefore,thedutyofstudentsofknowledge
includesmanythings.Itisnotlimitedtocertainways,especiallyonthepartofjudges.IfAllah(Exaltedbe
He)guidesthejudgeandmakeshimpatient,hisjobwillincludemanythings.Thejudgeisconsidereda
scholar,ateacher,aninvitertoAllah,areformist,andsoon.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:205)

HeshouldpreparehimselftobearhardshipsinthecauseofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andmakeHiswillhighas
ourgoodancestorsandImamswere(mayAllahforgivethemall).Theybenefitedpeopleasmuchasthey
could.Iadvisescholars,students,andeveryMuslimmanandwomantobepatientinthisregardandto
continuetheireffortsinspendingtheirtimeandstudyingmorewithoneanotherinwhattheyfinddifficult
tilltheyhaveampleknowledge.ThatistoattainthegoodforthemandfortheMuslims.Theyshouldalso
paymuchattentiontomaketheirintentiongoodandsincerelydevotedtoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)inevery
thingthatbenefitspeople.

IfthescholarswhofearAllah(ExaltedbeHe)judgebetweenpeopleandeducatethem,people'sproblems
willbesolvedandjusticewillprevail.ItisknownthatthroughjudgingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)entailsgreat
rewardsandhighranksforthosewhomAllahmakestheirintentionsgood,grantsusefulknowledge,and
intendsthegoodforMuslims.Judgmentisaseriousmatterandourancestorsfearedit,yetconditionsvary
andtimesdiffer.Today,peopleareindireneedforscholarswhojudgebetweenpeoplewithsureknowledge
andwhofearAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Sothosewhoarequalifiedandendowedwithknowledgeshouldnot
refusetobejudges,forpeopleneedthemgreatly.Theyhavetoaccepttojudgeandpreparethemselvesto
workwiththeirknowledgeandcarryout

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whatisrequiredofthemtobenefitpeoplewithknowledgeandasktheLordtoguideandassistthembut
whentheyseethattheyareunabletodoso,theycanapologizeandresign.However,theyshouldnotdoso
atonce.Thepeopleoffaithandknowledgewhoareabletobenefitothersshouldnotopenthisdoorthey
shouldhavedetermination,agoodintention,andfirmdesiretobenefitMuslimsandsolvetheproblemsthey
face.Sotheignorantpeoplewouldnotbeabletoseizethispost.Whenthepeopleofknowledgedisappear,
theignorantpeoplewilltakeover.Nodoubtthatinanycase,peopleshouldhavejudgeswhosolvetheir
problems,andjudgebetweenthemjustly.Iftherightpeoplearenotassignedthisrole,otherswillholdit,
sothepeopleofknowledgeandeveryonewhofearsAllahhavetoappreciatethat,seekhisrewardwith
Allah(ExaltedbeHe),bepatient,andaskAllahforreward.ProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)said,
Allahdoesnottakeawaytheknowledge,bytakingitawayfrom(theheartsof)thepeople,buttakesitawaybythedeathofthe
religiouslearnedmentillwhennoneofthe(religiouslearnedmen)remains,peoplewilltakeastheirleadersignorantpersonswho
whenconsultedwillgivetheirverdictwithoutknowledge.Sotheywillgoastrayandwillleadthepeopleastray. ReportedbyAl
BukharyandMuslimintheirSahihfrom`AbdullahIbn`AmrIbnAl`As(MayAllahbepleasedwiththem).

Inthisway,thepeopleofknowledgeandfaithknowtheseriousnessofthismatterandthebadendifwe www.ircpk.com
losescholarsoriftheyresignandleavetheirplacetoothers.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:207)

Itiswellknownthatifascholarajudgeorothers,makeIjtihad(strivingandselfexertion)andcometothe
rightconclusion,hehastworewardsandifhemakesmistakes,heshallonlyhaveonerewardasindicated
bytheProphet's(peacebeuponhim)authenticHadih.So,onewillbesafeifheseekstruthsincerelyand
attainswhatisright.Fearandgreatseriousnesswouldarise,ifoneundertakesjudgmentorFatwawhilehe
isignorantorjudgeswithinjusticeasintheHadithfromBuraydah(MayAllah,bepleasedwithhim)that
ProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)said, TherearethreetypesofjudgesonlyonewillgotoParadiseandtheother
twowillbeconsignedtoHell.Thefirstoneisamanwhoknowswhatisrightandgivesjudgmentaccordingly,sohewillgoto
Paradise.Thesecondisamanwhoknowswhatisrightbutjudgesunjustly,andhewillgotoHell.Thelastonejudgesbetween
peopleignorantly,sohewillgotoHell. ReportedbyAbuDawud,AlTirmidhy,AlNasa'y,IbnMajah,andAlHakimwhoclassifiedit
asauthentic.

TheonewhoseekswhatisrightanddoeshisbesttoworkaccordinglytobenefitMuslimsshallhaveoneor
tworewardsastoldpreviouslybyProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim).

IadviseallmyMuslimbrothersingeneralandscholarsandknowledgeseekersinparticularandmyselfto
fearAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)inallmattersandpracticetheknowledgeoutofobediencetoAllah
toabidebyHisCommandsandkeepawayfromHisprohibitions.Knowledgeseekersaregoodexamplesfor
othersinallcasesinjudgment,conduct,athomes,inmeetingwithpeople,intheircars,planes,andsoon.
TheyaregoodexamplesinwhatisgoodandtheyhavetofeelthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)iswatchingthem.
TheyshouldabidebywhatAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)taughtthemandinvitepeopletogoodby
theirwordsanddeedssothatpeoplewoulddistinguishthemfromothersandknowthembytheir
knowledge,virtue,goodguidance,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:208)

andfollowingthewaythatProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim),andhisnoblecompanions(mayAllah
bepleasedwiththem)adoptedhumblyandfreefromarrogance.

Scholarsandothersfaceseriousdanger.Somemaydesiretobeseenbypeople,othersarearrogant,andso
on.TheyhavetofearAllah,workinsincerityforHissake,knowthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)seestheminall
matters,behumblewithAllah'sservantsandnottobearrogantwiththembecauseoftheknowledgethat
Allahprovidedhimwithanddeprivedtheothersof.TheyhavetothankAllah(ExaltedbeHe)humblyand
befreefromarrogance.ItisameansofthankingAllahtospreadknowledgeinmosquesandotherplaces.

Thejudgeaddressespeople,iftheyneedhimtodoso,teachesknowledgeseekers,invitestoAllah,enjoins
thegoodandforbidsthewrong,doeshisbesttoreformMuslimsconditions,communicatewiththosein
chargeandreporttothemwhathethinkswouldbeadvisabletothem.Sohealwaysworksforthebenefitof
theMuslimsforeverythingthatproveshisinnocenceandraisesthestatusofMuslimsandIslam.

Ialsoadviseallmybrothers,namely,scholarsandknowledgeseekerstopayattentiontotheHolyQur'an.
Indeed,itisthegreatestandnoblestbook.Itcontainsthebestandmostusefulofknowledge.Itisknown
thatitisthebestsupportafterAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)tohelpincomprehendingreligion,
contemplatingit,andfearingAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).Italsoassiststofollowgoodpeople.I
advisemyselfandalltocontemplate,thinkof,andreadthisBookdayandnight.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:209)

EveryoneshouldresorttoitinjudgmentineverythingandreadtheinterpretationsoftheHolyQur'anto
knowaboutanydifficultthing.ItisthebestsupporttounderstandAllah'sBook(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
asthisbookisthebestandmosttruthfulbook.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Verily,thisQurn
guidestothatwhichismostjustandright

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, AndWehavesentdowntoyoutheBook(theQuran)asanexpositionof
everything,aguidance,amercy,andgladtidingsforthosewhohavesubmittedthemselves(toAllhasMuslims). Allah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)says Say:Itisforthosewhobelieve,aguideandahealing." Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
says, WehaveneglectednothingintheBook Itisaptforthebelievingmenandwomeningeneralandscholarsin
particulartotakegreatcareoftheHolyQur'an,toholdfasttoit,andtodotheirbesttocontemplateit,work
accordingtoit,andconsultthescholarsaboutanythingthatisdifficult.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
says, (Thisis)aBook(theQurn)whichWehavesentdowntoyou,fullofblessings,thattheymayponderoveritsVerses,andthat
menofunderstandingmayremember. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Dotheynotthenthinkdeeplyinthe
Qurn,oraretheirheartslockedup(fromunderstandingit)?

TheyhavetopaymuchattentiontotheProphet'sSunnah.Theyshouldmemorizeitasmuchastheycanand
studyitespeciallytheissuesthatarerelevanttothecreedandthedutiesof

(PartNo:7,PageNo:210)

Mukallaf(personmeetingtheconditionstobeheldlegallyaccountablefortheiractions),astheyurgently
needmuchattention.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says, Say(OMuhammadtomankind):"Ifyou(really)
loveAllhthenfollowme(i.e.acceptIslmicMonotheism,followtheQurnandtheSunnah),Allhwillloveyouandforgiveyouyour
sins. ThereisnowaytofollowProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim),butthroughstudyinghisSunnah www.ircpk.com
andpayingmuchattentiontoitalongwithAllah'sHolyBook(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).

IalsoadvisescholarsandknowledgeseekerstopaymuchattentiontoHadithbooks.Theyshouldreadthem
much,teachandstudythem,especiallythetwoSahihbooksthenthesixthbooks,AlMuwatta'ofImamMalik,
MusnadofAlImamAhmad,andSunanAlDarimyandsoon,(MayAllahrewardtheircompilersthebest).

Then,theyshouldstudythebooksofthescholarswhoareknownfortheirrightcreed,abundanceof
religiousknowledgeincludingSheikhAlIslamIbnTaymiyyahandhistwoknowledgeablestudentsIbnAlQayyim
A n d A lHafizIbnKathir(MayAllahforgivethemall),astheyexcelledinthisregardandspreadmuch
knowledgeamongMuslimsandshowedpeoplethecreedAhlulSunnahwalJama`ah(thoseadheringtothe
SunnahandtheMuslimmainbody).

ThemostimportantbookcompiledbySheikhAlIslamIbnTaymiyyah(mayAllahforgivehim)isMinhajAl
SunnahandFatawacollection(Majmu'AlFatawa),MutabaqatSareehAlMa`qulLisahihAlMamqul,Al
JawabAlsahih`alamanbaddaldeenalMaseeh,andotherusefulbooksindicatingtherightcreedandtrue
judgments.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:211)

ThesebooksalsorefutetheclaimsoftheenemiesofIslam.AmongthebestbooksofIbnAlQayyim(mayAllah
forgivehim)AlTuruqAlHukmiya,A`lamAlMuwaqi`een,andZadAlMi`ad.Thesebookshavegreat
benefits,especiallyforjudgesandMuftis(Islamicscholarqualifiedtoissuelegalopinions).

ThisisinadditiontotheFatawaoftheleadersofDa`wahlikeAlDurarAlSaniyahinwhichmanyuseful
essaysandanswersofShaykhAlIslamMuhammadIbn`AbdulWahhab,hisstudentsandfollowers(mayAllah
forgivethemall)werecollected.Similarly,theFatawaofourShaykhandwellknownShaykhMuhammadIbn
IbrahimAlAlShaykh(mayAllahforgivehim).Theyincludegreatknowledgeandmuchbenefit.Iadvisepeople
toreadthesebooksafterAllah'sbookandHisProphet'sSunnah(peacebeuponhim).Theycontaingreat
knowledgeandassistanceforeverygoodlikesimilarusefulbooksthatpaymuchattentiontoevidencesuch
asAlMughni,SharhAlMuhazab,AlMuhalla,andotherbooksthatpaymuchattentiontoevidencesand
imparttheviewsofscholars.Theyareveryimportanttoscholars,knowledgeseekers,judges,andothers.I
askAllahwithHisDivineNamesandHigherAttributestoguideusandallMuslimstousefulknowledgeand
gooddeeds.MayAllahgrantusallgoodintention,patience,andcomprehensionofreligiontoberewarded
withthegoodendinthislifeandintheHereafter.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)isMostGenerous.May
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)guidethoseinchargeofusandallthoseinchargeofMuslims,make
theiradvisorsgood,assistthemtodoeverythinggood,usethemtomaketherightovercome,forsake
falsehood,andassistthem

(PartNo:7,PageNo:212)

tojudgewithAllah'sBookandHisProphet'sSunnahineverything.MayAllahkeepusandallMuslimsfrom
ourevilandbaddeeds!AllahisAllHearer,Near(toallbyHisKnowledge).MayAllah'sPeacebeupon
ProphetMuhammad,hishousehold,andcompanions!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:213)

ResponsibilitiesoftheSeekersofKnowledge

AllpraiseisduetoAllah.WepraiseAllah,seekHisHelp,askHimforforgiveness,andseekrefugewith
Allahfromtheevilofourselvesandthewickednessofourmisdeeds.WhoeverAllahguides,nonecan
mislead,andwhoeverAllahleavesastray,nonecanguide.ItestifythatthereisnodeitybutAllahAlone,
withnopartnerorassociate,andItestifythatMuhammadisHisServantandMessenger.Peaceandblessings
beuponhim,hisfamilyandCompanions,andthosewhorightlyfollowhim.

Oyouwhobelieve!FearAllh(bydoingallthatHehasorderedandbyabstainingfromallthatHehasforbidden)asHeshouldbe
feared.[ObeyHim,bethankfultoHim,andrememberHimalways],anddienotexceptinastateofIslm[asMuslims(withcomplete
submissiontoAllh)].

Omankind!BedutifultoyourLord,Whocreatedyoufromasingleperson(Adam),andfromhim(Adam)Hecreatedhiswife
[Haww(Eve)],andfromthembothHecreatedmanymenandwomenandfearAllhthroughWhomyoudemand(yourmutual
rights),and(donotcuttherelationsof)thewombs(kinship).Surely,AllhisEveranAllWatcheroveryou.

Oyouwhobelieve!KeepyourdutytoAllhandfearHim,andspeak(always)thetruth. Hewilldirectyoutodorighteousgood
deedsandwillforgiveyouyoursins.AndwhosoeverobeysAllhandHisMessenger(),hehasindeedachieveda
greatachievement(i.e.hewillbesavedfromtheHellfireandwillbeadmittedtoParadise).

MybrothersinIslamandhonorablesons,IthankAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)forallowingmeto
attendthismeetingandaskHim(GlorifiedbeHe)to

(PartNo:7,PageNo:214)

makeitablessedmeeting,benefitusallfromit,correctourdeedsandhearts,andtoguideusalltothe
RightPath.AllahsBlessingsarecountlessandHisFavorisendless,asHeistheGiverofeveryblessing.
Allah(mayHebePraised)says: Andwhateverofblessingsandgoodthingsyouhave,itisfromAllh. Allah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)alsosays: andifyoucounttheBlessingsofAllh,neverwillyoubeabletocountthem. WethankAllah
(GlorifiedbeHe)andaskHimtobestowmoreofHisFavoruponus,you,andallMuslimseverywhere.

DearbrothersinIslamanddearsons,youhaveheardthetitleofthistalk:"TheResponsibilityoftheSeekers
ofKnowledgetowardsSociety."Thisisanimportantmatter,astheresponsibilityoftheseekersof
knowledgeisgreat,anditvariesaccordingtotheamountofknowledge,theneedofpeopleforit,andtheir
abilityandcapacity.

Theseekersofknowledgehavearesponsibilitytowardsthemselvestopreparethemselvesforeducation,
D a wah(callingtoIslam),andfulfillmentofobligations.Astoknowledge,theymustpayattentionit,
comprehendtheDin(religionofIslam),reviewtheShary(Islamiclegal)proofs,anddedicateattentionto
them.SeekersofknowledgeneedtohaveavaststockofSharyproofsandknowledgeofthescholars
opinions,theirpointsofdifference,andthepreponderantviewsoncontroversialissues,supportedby
evidencefromAllahsBookandtheSunnahoftheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim),withoutTaqlid
(strictlyfollowingaspecificSchoolofJurisprudence).Taqlidissomethinganyonecando,itdoesnottake
scholarship.ImamAbu UmaribnAbdulBar,thewellknownscholarandtheauthorof:"AlTamhid"andother
books,said,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:215)

"ThereisIjma (consensusofscholars)thatthosewhoadheretoTaqlidarenotconsideredasbeing
scholars."

Seekersofknowledgehaveabigsupposedresponsibility.Theyhavetopayattentiontothejuristicproofs
andstruggletolearntherelevantevidenceontheissuesandrulingsfromtheQuranandthePurified
Sunnahandbeconversantwiththefoundedprinciples.Theyshouldrelyonclearevidencecloselyrelatedto
scholarlyviews.Thisknowledgeofscholarlyviewswillhelpthemtounderstandtheproofs,extractrulings,
anddistinguishbetweenthepreponderantandtheunlikelyopinions.

TheyalsohavearesponsibilitytobesinceretoAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)andalwaysmindfulofHim.Their
soughtaftergoalmustbetopleaseAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),todischargetheirobligationsandto
benefitpeoplewithoutseekingworldlygainorreward.Theseareonlythepursuitsofthehypocritesand
theirlike.TheiraimshouldnotbeRiya (showingoff)orreputation,buttobenefitAllahsServantsand
pleaseAllahaboveall.Theyshouldbesureoftheevidenceonwhichtheybasetheirwords,actionsand
Fatwa(legalopinionissuedbyaqualifiedMuslimscholar).Itisnotpermissibleforthemtobelax,because
peoplefollowtheirexamplesintheirbehaviorandactions.Iftheyareteachers,theirstudentswillimitate
themiftheyareMuftis(Islamicscholarsqualifiedtoissuelegalopinions),thepeoplewillactupontheir
FatwasiftheyareDuah(callerstoIslam),thematterwillbeveryseriousandiftheyarejudges,thematter
willbeevenmoreserious.
www.ircpk.com
ItisobligatoryonseekersofknowledgetohaveapositionthatiswellpleasingtotheirLordapositionthat
ischaracterizedbysinceritytoAllah,truepursuitofHisPleasure,andunlimitedcaretolearntheShary
evidence,andsearchafterthemuntiltheyfindthem.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:216)

Inthisway,theworldwillbeopentothemandtheywillbeabletoissueFatwa,invitepeopletoIslam,and
teachpeople,andenjointhegoodandforbidthewrongwithinsight.AsAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Say(O
Muhammad):"ThisismywayIinviteuntoAllh(i.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)withsure
knowledge Insightherehasbeeninterpretedasknowledge.

Thosewhodonothaveinsightcannotbeconsideredamongthepeopleofknowledgeandtheydonot
benefitthepeoplebytheirDa wahorothermattersrelatedtotheDinImeanwithrealfruitfulbenefits.
Althoughtheymaybenefitpeoplewiththeadvicethattheygive,anissuethattheyhavelearned,orby
providingamaterialbenefit.Therealbenefitfromtheseekersofknowledgeisconditionalupontheir
truthfulness,sincerity,amountofknowledge,depthofunderstanding,andtheirpatienceandperseverance.

Anotherimportantissueistheresponsibilityofseekersofknowledgetoconveytheirknowledgeandteach
people,asthescholarsaretheheirsandsuccessorsoftheMessengers.TheMessengersenjoyedahighrank
theyweretheleaderswhoguidedUmmah(nationbasedononecreed),andtheywerethereasonsforits
happinessandsuccess.ThescholarstookoverthisdutyaftertheMessengersandassumedtheirrolein
conveyingtheMessageandteaching.TheSealoftheMessengerswasMuhammad(peacebeuponhim),and
soitonlyremainsnowforthescholarstoconveyandexplaintheShariahthatMuhammad(peacebeupon
him)broughtandtospreaditamongpeople.ButthisisonlyconfinedtothosescholarswhomAllahhas
qualifiedforthisrole.Theyarecallerstogoodandleadertothepeoplethroughtheirwords,deeds,and
theiroutwardandinnerbehavior.

Theirdutyisseriousandtheyareexposedtogreatdanger.TheyareresponsiblefortheUmmah,and

(PartNo:7,PageNo:217)

itisingreatneedofreceivingtheMessageandhavingitclarifiedbyallpossibleways.

Therearemanywaysavailablenowadays,includingwritten,verbal,andvisualmedia,whichallhave
enormouseffectonmisguidanceorguidanceofpeople,asdotheKhutbahs(sermons)onFridays,Eid(feast
day),occasions,seminars,variousfestivals.Theycanallhaveaseriouseffect,ascanindependentarticles,
books,andletters.

AllpraisebetoAllah,therearemanyeasywaysthatcanbeutilizedtoday,buttheproblemisthatthe
studentsareweak,inactive,avoiding,andnegligentthisisthegreatcalamity.Allah(GlorifiedandExalted
beHe)says: Andwhoisbetterinspeechthanhewho[says:"MyLordisAllh(believesinHisOneness),"andthenstandsfirm
(actsuponHisOrder),and]invites(men)toAllhs(IslmicMonotheism),anddoesrighteousdeeds,andsays:"Iamoneofthe
Muslims." Thereisnooneintheworldwhosespeechisbetterthantheirsattheirheadarethenoble
MessengersandProphets(peacebeuponthemall)andthenscholarsafterthem.

Themoretheyhaveoftheknowledge,Taqwa(fearingAllahasHeshouldbefeared),awe,andsincerityto
Allah(mayHebePraised),thegreateristhebenefit,andthemoreperfectistheirconveyanceofthe
MessagefromAllahandHisMessenger.TheweakeristheTaqwa,knowledge,fearofAllah,or
preoccupationwithworldlyconcernsanddesires,thelessistheknowledgeattainedandthegoodachieved.
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Say(OMuhammad):"ThisismywayIinviteuntoAllh(i.e.
totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)withsureknowledge,Iandwhosoeverfollowsme(alsomustinviteotherstoAllhi.e.
totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheismwithsureknowledge). Allah(mayHebePraised)explainsthatthemission
ofProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)wasDawahtoAllahwithinsightandsureknowledge.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:218)

AllahcommandedtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)toinformthistothepeople,tellinghimwhatmeans:
SayOMessengertothepeople: Thisismyway i.e.thewayIfollow,theShariahthiswayofmyspeaking
andactingismypath,myManhaj(methodology)andwaytoAllah.

ItisobligatoryonscholarstofollowthewayofProphetMuhammad(peaceandblessingsbeuponhim),
whichisDa wahtoAllahwithinsightandsureknowledge,asthatwashiswayandthatofhisfollowers.A
ServantcannotbeconsideredasatruefolloweroftheProphetunlesstheyfollowhiswaycompletely.If
anyoneinvitespeopletoIslamwithsureknowledgeandinsight,refutesShirk(associatingotherswithAllah
inHisDivinityorworship),abidesbythetruth,theywillbeconsideredasafolloweroftheProphet(peace
beuponhim).ThisiswhyAllahafterwardssays: AndGlorifiedandExaltedbeAllh(aboveallthattheyassociateas
partnerswithHim).AndIamnotoftheMushrikn(polytheists,pagans,idolatersanddisbelieversintheOnenessofAllhthosewho
worshipothersalongwithAllhorsetuprivalsorpartnerstoAllh)." ADay(callertoIslam)whoistruthfulintheir
D a wahissomeonewhofollowstheMessengerwithinsightandsureknowledgeanddoesnotlieorspeak
aboutAllah(ExaltedbeHe)withoutknowledgeordescribeHimwithqualitiesthatdonotbecomeHim(may
HebePraised).TheydescribeAllahwithHisPerfectAttributes,showthatHeisunlikeanyofHisCreation,
andtestifysincerelytoTawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah/monotheism),andrefuteShirkandthosewho
practiceit.

ItisobligatoryonaDaytobeasincerebelieverinTawhid,abidebyAllahsShariah,andnotcompareAllah www.ircpk.com
toHisCreation,buttodescribeHim(mayHebePraised)withtheAttributesthatHeandHisProphet(peace
beuponhim)attributedtoHim.TheyshoulddeclareHimtobefarexaltedaboveanyimperfectionor
inability,andconfirmtheDivineNamesandLoftyAttributesthatHe(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)mentioned
inHisGloriousBookorreportedthroughtheSunnahofHisTruthTellingProphet

(PartNo:7,PageNo:219)

(peacebeuponhim)inawaythatbefitsHisMajesty,withoutTamthil(likeningAllahsAttributestothoseof
HisCreation),andexaltingHimfaraboveeverythingwithoutTatil(denialofAllahsAttributes).

TrueServantsfullyconfirmallAllahsNamesandAttributes,withoutTamthilorTashbih(comparison),and
declareHimtobenoncomparabletoanyofHiscreaturesinallHisAttributeswithoutanyTatil.

TheydescribeAllahwiththeDivineNamesandAttributesmentionedintheBookandtheauthenticSunnah,
withoutTahrif(distortionofthemeaning),Tatil,Takyif(questioningAllahsAttributes),Tamthil,orany
additionordeletion.ThesearethetruefollowersoftheMessengers,nottheMubtadi(thosewhointroduce
innovationsinreligion).TheyfollowtheuprightManhajthatwaspursuedbytheMessengersandtheir
followersinrighteousness,attheheadofwhomwasProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim),hisSahabah
(Companions,mayAllahbepleasedwiththem),andtheirfollowersinrighteousness,attheheadofwhom
werethewellknownImams(initiatorsoftheSchoolsofJurisprudence)aftertheSahabah,suchasImam
MalikibnAnas,ImamMuhammadibnIdrisAlShafiy,ImamAbuHanifahAlNumanibnThabit,ImamAhmadibnMuhammadibn
Hanbal,ImamAlAwzay,ImamSufyanAlThawry,ImamIshaqibnRahawyah,andothertheImamsofknowledgeand
guidancewhofollowedtheuprightcourseofconfirmingtheNamesandAttributesofAllahanddescribing
AllahasbeingunlikeHisCreatures.

Studentsofknowledgeshouldbeverycarefulnottoconcealanythingthattheylearntheyshouldbecareful
toexplainthetruthandanswerbacktheopponentsofIslam.Theyshouldnotshowlaxityorseclude
themselvestheyshouldalwaysbeconspicuousinpublic,asmuchfarastheycan,sowheneverthe
opponentsofIslamappear,castingdoubtsandclaims,theystepforwardtorefutetheminwritingorin
speaking,orbyothermeans.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:220)

Theyshouldnotbeindifferentorsimplyviewitasotherpeoplesresponsibility,butrathersay,"Iamthe
onetodoit."Theyshoulddealwithissuesthemselves,evenifthereareotherImams,forfearthattheissue
wouldbeneglected.Theyarealwaysreadyanddonotsecludethemselves.Theyappearattheappropriate
momenttodefendAlHaqq(theTruth)andanswertheopponentsofIslaminwritingorothersmeans,such
asthroughtheradio,newspapers,television,orotherpossibleways.Theyshouldnotconcealtheir
knowledge,insteadtheyshouldwrite,giveKhutbahsandtalks,andreplytotheMubtadiandother
opponentsofIslam,withthestrengththatAllahgavethem,accordingtotheirknowledgeandthemeans
thatAllahprovides.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Verily,thosewhoconcealtheclearproofs,evidenceandtheguidance,
whichWehavesentdown,afterWehavemadeitclearforthepeopleintheBook,theyaretheonescursedbyAllhandcursedby
thecursers. Exceptthosewhorepentanddorighteousdeeds,andopenlydeclare(thetruthwhichtheyconcealed).These,Iwill
accepttheirrepentance.AndIamtheOneWhoacceptsrepentance,theMostMerciful.

WeshouldpausetocontemplatethesetwogreatAyahs(Quranicverses).Allahwarnsusagainstconcealing
knowledge,andthreatensandcursesanyonewhodoesso.Hethenshowsthatthereisnoescapefromthis
threatandthiscurse,exceptthroughTawbah(repentancetoAllah)forpastnegligenceandsins,correction
ofthewrongthatcanbecorrectedinandbyoneself,anddeclaringtheknowledgetheyhaveconcealedfor
worldlygainorasafalseinterpretation.Whenguidanceisgiven,noTawbahshallbeacceptedexceptbythis
declaration,andnodeliverancesecuredexceptbythisTawbahwhichcomprisesregretforanypast
negligence

(PartNo:7,PageNo:221)

orsinsthatwerecommitted,andthesintobeavoidedthroughfearofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
andHisPunishment.

Thethirdconditionisthatthereshouldbeatruedeterminationnevertodoitagain.Thisshouldbedeclared
alongwithcorrection,otherwisetheymayrepentandpeoplemaynotknowthattheyhaverepented.But
whentheymakeitknowntopeople,theywillhaveacquittedtheirresponsibilityandtheirTawbahwillbe
valid.ThereisanotherdutyonthepartofthestudentsofknowledgefirstbeforeAllah(GlorifiedandExalted
beHe),andthenbeforetheirbothers,colleagues,andsocietythattheymustbemindfulandfearfulofAllah
inalltheiractions.Assoonastheylearnanything,theyshouldhastenandapplyitatoncetheyshouldnot
belax,butmustputintopracticewhattheylearn.Learningisamustandpracticingwhatwelearnisalsoa
must.Theseekersofknowledgecallthemselvestoaccountfortheiractionsallthetime,andexerttheirbest
toapplyAllahsRulingstothemselves.TheyregardtheWajib(obligatory)asobligatoryforthemtodoand
theMustahab(desirable)asdesirableforthemtodo,tobealivingexampleoftheknowledgetheyhavein
theirmorals,deeds,life,studyingcircles,sermons,travels,andresidence,onland,seaorairinfact
everywhere.Thisisimportantnotonlyforthemselves,buttoothers,suchastheirbrothers,colleagues,and
students,toimparttheirknowledgetothemthroughwordsandactions.ThiswasthewayofourProphets
D a wahperfectpreachingthroughwordsandactions.Hislifewasthebestofalllives,hiswordswerethe
bestafterthoseofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),andhismannerswerethebestofallmanners.Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndVerily,you(OMuhammad)areonanexalted(standardof)
character. HismannerswerethoseoftheQuran,asAishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)describedhim.
www.ircpk.com
TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)compliedwiththeQuraniccommandsandprohibitions,practicedthe
moralsitpreaches,andtookwarningfromitsparables,greatstories,andhe(peacebeuponhim)invited
thepeopletothesame.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:222)

ThescholarshavetoemulateProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)inhisgreatmoralsandbefaithfulto
Allahintheirwordsanddeeds.TheyhavetoconveyAllahsCommandsandProhibitions,andenjointhe
goodandforbidtheevilasfarastheycan.Theyshouldalsoadvisetherulersandguidethem.Similarly,
theyshouldalsoadvisetheirfamilies,neighbors,therestoftheirsociety,andallpeoplebyallpossible
means,asfarastheycan.Itisnotpermissibleforthemtobelaxinthesematters,especiallyinourtime,
duetothelackofscholars,andthespreadofevil,depravity,andMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableor
disapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)allovertheworld,inIslamiccountriesand
others.

Everyoneendowedwithinsightcandiscernthegreatevilsspreadinthistimethroughtheradio,television,
newspapers,andbooksthatinvitepeopletotheFire.

ThesediversearmiesthatareinvitingpeopletotheFireneedtoberesistedbyequallypowerfularmiesin
facttheyneedtobestrongerthanthearmiesthataredrivenbytheenemiesofIslam.Allthesevarious
dangerousmeansaredrivenandspreadbytheenemiesofIslamagainstMuslimsandnonMuslims,to
destroyandleadthemtotheFire.Theyaimtodrawthemintotheirhatefulwayoflifeandbadmorals,so
thattheytogetherbecomethedwellersoftheFire,becausethisiswhattheirleaderwants.Allah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)says: Surely,Shaitn(Satan)isanenemytoyou,sotake(treat)himasanenemy.HeonlyinviteshisHizb
(followers)thattheymaybecomethedwellersoftheblazingFire.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:223)

Sotheseekersofknowledgeshouldnotwithdraw,saying,"IreferallmatterstoAllah,"no,theyhaveduties
toperform,fortheymustconveytheMessage,explainitandinvitepeopletoit.OurLord(ExaltedbeHe)
says: Invite(mankind,OMuhammad)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivine
RevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewiththeminawaythatisbetter. AndAllah(GlorifiedandExalted
beHe)says: butinvitethemtoyourLord Allah(mayHebePraised)commandedtheMessenger(peacebeupon
him)toinvitepeopletoHisWay.Thiscommandisaddressedtousall,andnotonlytoProphetMuhammad
(peacebeuponhim).AnycommandaddressedtotheProphet(peacebeuponhim),isnotonlyforhim,but
forallofusandforallthescholars,exceptwhenitisspecifiedbyevidencethatitwasconfinedtohimalone.

OServantofAllah!Youshouldshunlazinessandseclusion.YouhavetoconveyAllahsCommandtoHis
Servants.Youalsohavetoadvisethosethatyoucan,anywhereyoucan.Youshouldadvisetheleader,
scholar,judge,andauthoritiesinyourvillage,town,tribe,andeverywhereyoucanyoushouldcontact
peopleinagoodmannerandadviseanddirectthemtothegoodinthebestways.Cooperatewiththemin
righteousnessandpietythroughsermonsandreminders,usinggoodwords,gentlyandnotaggressively.

Youshouldalsocooperatewiththeleadersofthecountryandministersindischargingtheirresponsibilities,
andwithjudges,Duah,andwithallyourbrothersinIslam.

Thisisthewaythattheseekersofknowledgemustact,accordingtothesayingoftheProphet(peacebe
uponhim),

(PartNo:7,PageNo:224)

TheDinissincerity. Theysaid,Towhom,OMessengerofAllah?He(peacebeuponhim)answered,ToAllah,HisBook,His
Messenger,andtheImams(leaders)ofMuslimsandtheircommonpeople. (RelatedbyMusliminhis"Sahih[Bookof
AuthenticHadith]")ItisalsoreportedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariand
Muslim)ontheauthorityofJariribnAbdullahAlBajaly(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)whosaid, Igavethepledge
ofallegiancetotheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)toperformSalah(Prayer),payZakah(obligatorycharity),andbesincere
toeveryMuslim.

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid, MayAllahgivesplendorandblisstoapersonwhohearssomethingfromus
(i.e.theProphet)andconveysitexactlyastheyhaveheardit.Maybetherecipientwillunderstanditbetterthantheonewhoheardit.
Accordingtoanothernarration, Maybethebearerofknowledgeisnotversedinit. Andinanothernarration,
ItisreportedthattheProphet
Maybethebearerofknowledgeconveysittoonewhoismoreknowledgeablethantheyare.
(peacebeuponhim)saidinaKhutbah, Letthosepresentinformthosewhoareabsentmaybetherecipientwill
understanditbetterthantheonewhoheardit. Peoplewillremaingoodaslongastheycooperatewithoneanother
inrighteousnessandpietywiththeirkings,Emirs,judges,Duah,andwithallMuslimsbutmusttake
goodcaretodoitkindly,gently,andwisely.ItisnarratedintheSahihthattheMessengerofAllah(peacebe
uponhim)said, Anyonewhoisdeprivedofkindnessisdeprivedofallgood. (RelatedtheSahihontheauthorityofJarir
ibnAbdullahandAishah[mayAllahbepleasedwiththemboth])

Accordingtoanothernarrationontheauthorityof Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)inaHadith
Marfu(aHadithnarratedfromtheProphetwithaconnectedordisconnectedchainofnarration),theProphet
(peacebeuponhim)isreportedtosay, AllahisKindandloveskindness,andHegrants(reward)forkindnesswhatHe
doesnotgrantforhardnessandwhatHedoesnotgrantforanythingelse. TheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)is
reportedtosayintheSahih, Kindnessdoesnotbecomeapartofanythingwithoutadorningit,andisnotwithdrawnfrom
anythingwithoutmarringit. www.ircpk.com
ItisenoughinthisregardtoquoteAllahsSaying:

(PartNo:7,PageNo:225)

Invite(mankind,OMuhammad)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelation
andtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewiththeminawaythatisbetter. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says:
AndbytheMercyofAllh,youdealtwiththemgently.Andhadyoubeensevereandharshhearted,theywouldhavebrokenaway
fromaboutyou InthestoryofMusa(Moses,peacebeuponhim)andHarun(Aaron,peacebeuponhim),
whenAllahsentthemtoFirawn(Pharoah),He(mayHebePraised)instructedthemsaying: "Andspeaktohim
mildly,perhapshemayacceptadmonitionorfear(Allh)."

IaskAllah,byHisDivineNamesandAttributes,toguideus,you,andallMuslimstowhatpleasesHim,and
toguideusalltoHisStraightPath.MayHeprovideusallwithbeneficialknowledgeandhelpusactuponit
andfollowtheproprietiesoftheShariahandthegreatmoralsthatAllahpraisedHisProphet(peacebeupon
him)forhaving.LetusremembertheProphetswords: Anyonewhopursuesapathseekingknowledge,Allahwill
therebymakeeasyforthemapathtoParadise. SeekingknowledgeandcomprehensionoftheDinarebothgreat
matters.WeshouldalsoremembertheMessenger words: IfAllahwantsgoodforaperson,Hemakesthem
comprehendtheDin. (RelatedbytheTwoShaykhs,i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim,fromtheHadithnarratedonthe
authorityof M u awiyah[mayAllahbepleasedwithhim])ThisgreatHadithguidesustounderstandthat
comprehensionoftheDinisasignindicativeofAllahwantinggoodforaServant,whilethosewhodonot
comprehendtheDinareforsakenandAllahdoesnotwantgoodforthem.Thereisnomightorpower
exceptwithAllah!MayAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)guideusalltowhatpleasesHimandmakeusdieasMuslims.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:226)

MayAllahreformalltheconditionsoftheMuslimseverywhere,makethoseinchargeofthemthebestof
them,correcttheirleaders,increasethenumberofDuahtoguidance,blessthemallandeverywherewith
comprehensionoftheDinandtoabidebytheSunnahofProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim).And
Allahknowsbest!MayAllahsPeaceandBlessingsbeuponProphetMuhammad!

www.ircpk.com

Questions

QI:

Oneofthecommonsayingsamongstudents,especiallyincollegesandscientificinstitutionsis:
knowledgehasfadedandthescholarshavedied.Alsothatthereisnoonewhostudiesin
educationalinstitutionsexceptforthepurposeofhavingcertificatesandworldlymattershow
canweanswerthis?Whatistherulingwhenapersonwhocombinestheintentionofseeking
worldlymattersandcertificateswiththeintentionofseekingknowledgetobenefithimself
andhiscommunity?

A : Thesesayingsarenotcorrectandsuchspeechandthelikeshouldnotbesaidandwhoeversays:No
goodpeopleexist,hewillbetheworstofthem.

Butweshouldencouragepeopletoseekknowledge,freethemselvesfromalloccupationforitssake,be
patientandpersistent,andhavegoodideasaboutknowledgeseekersexceptthosewhoareknowntohave
corruptedthoughts.WhenMu`adhwasabouttodieassaidheadvisedthosewhowerearoundhimtoseek
knowledgesaying:"Knowledgeandfaitharepreservedandwhoeverseeksthem,willfindthem"i.e.intheir
placeintheBookofAllahandtheSunnahofHistrustworthyProphet(peacebeuponhim).Ascholardies
takinghisknowledgewithhim,soknowledgefadesbythedeathofscholarsbutstillthereisagroupof
people,whoareonthetruthandarevictorious.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:227)

Therefore,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Indeed,Allahdoesnottakeaway(religious)knowledgebypullingit
awayfromthe(chestsof)people.However,Allahtakesthe(religious)knowledgebytakingaway(inflictingdeathon)thescholars,till
whennoneofthe(religiouslearnedmen)remains,peoplewilltakeastheirleadersignorantpersons,whowhenconsultedwillgive
theirverdictwithoutknowledge.Sotheywillgoastrayandwillleadthepeopleastray. RelatedbyAlBukhariinhisSahih
(authentic)collectionofHadith.Thisisthesourceoffearlesttheunqualifiedpeopleshouldoccupythe
religiouspostsofteachingandgivingFatwas.So,theygoastrayandmisleadpeople.Sayingssuchas
"Knowledgehasfaded"and"Nothinghasremainedexceptsuchandsuch"isfearedtodejectpeople.
However,theresoluteandtheoneswithvisionarenotpreventedbythisspeechbut,onthecontrary,it
pusheshimforwardtoseekknowledgeuntilhe/shefillsthegap.Apersonwhoisunderstanding,faithful
andtruthful,whoisacquaintedwiththisspeechisneveraffectedbyitbuthemakesprogress,exertsefforts,
perseveres,learnsandhastenstolearn,becauseheneedsittofillthegapwhichthosepeopleclaimedthat
thereisnoneleft.Eveniftheoutcomeisthatknowledgehasdecreasedandmostofitspeoplehavegone.

PraisebetoAllah,thereisstillavictoriousgroupuponthetruth,astheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said:
AgroupofpeoplefrommyUmmahwillremainvictorious(andontherightpath),andthosewhodesertoropposethemshallnotbe
abletodothemanyharmuntilAllah'sCommand(i.e.DayofJudgment)isestablished. Sowehavetoexerteffortsinpursuit
ofknowledge,encouragethepeopletoit,fillthegap,doourdutyinourcountrydependingonthe
encouragingShar`yproofs,andeagernesstobenefitMuslimsandeducatethem.Weshouldencourage
peopletobesincereandtruthfulinseekingknowledge.Whoeverwantsacertificatetohelphiminconveying
knowledgeandcallingtogoodness,hasdonewell.Ifapersonwantsmoneytohelphim,thereisnoharmin
studyingtoattainacertificate,whichhelpshiminspreadingknowledge,thepeoplewouldacceptthis
knowledgefromhim.Thereisnoharmintakingmoneyforconveyingknowledge,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:228)

whichhelpsascholartostudy,learnandhaveacertificatethathelpshimtospreadtheknowledgethathe
haslearnt.WithoutAllah'ssupportandthenmoney,manypeoplewouldnothavelearntandcalledpeopleto
Islam.So,moneyhelpsMuslimsseekknowledge,meettheirneedsandconveyittothepeople. When`Umar
(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)assumedaposition,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)gavehimsomemoney.Hesaid:giveitto
someonewhoispoorerthanme.Thereupon,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said:Takeiteitherkeepitwithyouorgiveitas
charity,andwhatevercomestoyouintheformofthistypeofwealth,withoutyourbeingavariciousorbeggingforit,acceptit,butin
othercircumstancesdonotletyourhearthankerafterit. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih).TheProphetgave(peacebe
uponhim)AlMu'allafatiQulubuhum(thosewhoseheartsareinclinedtoIslam)

andexhortsthemtoenterintothereligionofAllahingroupsandifitwereHaram(prohibited),hewould
nothavegiventhembuthegavethembeforeandaftertheconquestofMakkah.OntheDayofthe
Conquest,hegavesomepeopleonehundredcamelsandheusedtogivewithoutfearingpovertyinorderto
incitethedesireofpeopletoIslamandDa`wah(callingtoIslam).Verily,Allahproportionedforthose
whoseheartsareinclinedtoIslamashareofZakahandassignedforthemashareinBaytulMal(Muslim
treasury)aswellasteachers,judgesandotherMuslims.MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

Secondquestion:

Itiscommonsayingnowreiteratedbyyouththattheysay,Wewillnotfollowany

(PartNo:7,PageNo:229)

oftheFourMadhhabs(Hanafy,Maliky,Shafi`y,andHanbaly)butweshallpracticeIjtihad
(juristicefforttoinferexpertlegalrulings)exactlyasthefourImamsdidandweshalldoas
theydidwithoutreferringtotheirIjtihad.Whatisyouropinionaboutthisandwhatisyour
advicetothem?

Answer:Thisspeechmaybestrangetosomepeoplebutitsmeaningis,indeed,truewith
regardtothequalifiedpeople.Therefore,itisnotobligatoryonpeopletofollowacertain
personandwhoeversays:ItisobligatorytofollowtheFourImams,hascommittedamanifest
errorbecauseitisnotobligatorytofollowthem,buttheirviewsaswellastheviewsofother
scholarscanbeusedandtheirbookscanbesurveyedandreadaswellastheproofsthey
mentionedandthosewhoseekknowledgewillsurelybenefitofthis.Asforthosewhoarenot
qualifiedforIjtihad,theycannotpracticeIjtihadbutshouldaskthepeopleofFiqh
(Jurisprudence),studyreligionandactaccordingtotheviewsofscholarsuntiltheyare
qualifiedenoughtounderstandthewaysthatthescholarsfollow.Theyshouldstudythe
authenticandtheweakHadithsandthemeansofidentifyingthemwhichareknownas
"HadithTerminology",theknowledgeofUsululFiqh(principlesofIslamicjurisprudence)and
thescienceswhichscholarsdeterminedtoreachIjtihadinordertobenefitfromthis
knowledgeandbeabletodecidethedisputablematters.

Asformatterswhichareunanimouslyagreedupon,theissueisclearandmanifestandnoone
candisagreewiththembutconsideringtheproofswillbelefttothepeopleofknowledgeto
decidethedisputablematters.

ThedisputablemattersmustbereferredtoAllahandHisMessengerasAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
says: (And)ifyoudifferinanythingamongstyourselves,referittoAllhandHisMessenger(),ifyoubelievein
AllhandintheLastDay.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:230)

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andinwhatsoeveryoudiffer,thedecisionthereofiswithAllh(HeistherulingJudge).
AsforpracticingIjtihadwhileapersonisnotcapableofdoingthat,itisoneofthemajor
mistakes,butapersonshouldseekknowledgewithhighspiritualenergy,exerteffort,study
wellandfollowthewaysofscholars.

ThesearetheproperscientificwaysforIjtihadstudyingtheHadithscienceanditsprinciples,
FiqhandUsulu lFiqh,theArabiclanguageanditsrules,thePropheticbiographyandIslamic
history.

Accordingly,apersonseekshelpwiththesematterstoweighthemorecorrectviewin
disputablematters,askAllahtohavemercyuponthepeopleofknowledge,followtheir
righteouspath,seekhelpwiththeirspeech,goodbooksandtheproofsandevidenceswhich
theyexplainedinsupportingwhattheybelieveandrefutewhattheyrejected.

Bydoingthis,theseekersofknowledgewillhaveenoughknowledgetoreachthetruthwhen
theydevotethemselvestoAllah,exerteffortsinpursuingthetruth,andinnotbeingarrogant.
MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

Q3:

Manyscholarsshunassuminganyreligiousposts.Whatisthereasonforthat?Isthereany
advicetotheattendees?ItisalsonotedthatmanystudentsoftheFacultiesofShari`ah
evadeanypositionsrelatedtothejudiciarysystem.Whatisyouradvicetothem?

A:

Religiouspostsinjudiciarysystem,education,Fatwa,andlecturesarehonorableposts

(PartNo:7,PageNo:231)

andimportant.Muslimsareingreatneedofthem.Ifscholarsabandonthem,theignorantpeoplewill
assumethemsotheywillgoastrayandleadothersastray.

Therefore,itisobligatoryuponscholarsandjuriststooccupythesepostsinthejudiciary,education,
sermons,Da`wah,andsoon.Thesearecollectiveobligationsbutifnooneelsecanundertakeit,itbecomes
obligatoryuponthepresentscholartooccupyit.Hemaynotrefuseandtherewillbenoexcuseforhimto
abstainfromthisduty.Ifthereissomeoneelsewhocandoit,hemaynotacceptit.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)
mentionedthatYusuf(Joseph)(peacebeuponhim)saidtothekingofEgypt: Setmeoverthestorehousesofthe
landIwillindeedguardthemwithfullknowledge(asaministeroffinanceinEgypt). Heaskedtoassumethispost,forhe
perceivedthathewouldbenefitthepeople.Hewasanobleprophetandmessenger.Itisknownthat
prophetsarethebestpeoplewhoseekforthegood.HedidgoodforthepeopleofEgyptandcalledthemto
theTruth.

Ifscholarsseetheywouldbenefitpeople,theycanaskforpostsandacceptthemwhethertheyarefromthe
judiciary,educational,orministerialposts,orothers.Buttheyshouldhaveasincereintentiontoreformand
dogoodandbefreefromworldlyaims.TheyhavetopleaseAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andseektherewardof
theHereafterbenefitingpeopleinreligionandinlife.Theyshouldnotletignorantpeopleassumeposts.
Whentheyareaskedtooccupysomeexpectedposts,theyshouldnothesitatebutshouldhaveagood
intentionanddotheirbestrefrainingfromsaying,'Ifearsoandso.'

(PartNo:7,PageNo:232)

Whengoodintentionandsincereworkarethere,aservantprovestobesuccessful.

Inthisregard,itwasreported from`UthmanIbnAbuAl`AasAlThaqafithatheaskedtheProphettomakehimtheleaderof
hispeople.TheProphet(peaceandblessingsbeuponhim)said,'Youaretheirleaderbutyoushouldfollowtheweakestamongthem
andappointMu'adhin(callertoPrayer)whodoesnotchargeforcallingtheAdhan(calltoPrayer).' ReportedbyImamAhmadand
thecompilersofSunnanwithauthenticchainofnarration.Heaskedtobetheleaderofhispeopletoattaina
legalbenefittodirectthemtothegood,educatethem,enjointhemtodothegoodandforbidthebadas
ProphetYusuf(Joseph)(peaceandblessingsbeuponhim)did.

Scholarsstatethatitisforbiddentoaskforleadership,ifthereisnonecessity,asitisadangerousmatter.In
theHadith,itisprohibitedtodosobutifthereisaneedandthelegalbenefitrequiresthat,itisallowedto
askforit,asinYusuf'sstoryandtheabovecitedHadithof`Uthman.(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim.)

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Q4:

Oneofthemajorproblemsencounteredbyaknowledgeseekeristhenegligenceofthe
societytowardshimandhisknowledge,forhedoesnotfeelesteemedbythesociety,since
thismaterialisticsocietyatthepresenttimetendstoevaluatepeopleonlybymeansoftheir
wealthandfinancialprofitrealizedfromspecificjobs.InyourEminence'sviewpoint,whatis
theremedyforthis?Howcanaknowledgeseekerliveinanadequatesocietywherehecan
liveandacquireknowledge?Whatshouldhedo?Pleaseprovideuswithadvice

(PartNo:7,PageNo:233)

onthebasisoftheexperiencethatwasgainedfromyourshaykhsthattheyhadgainedfrom
theirshaykhssuccessively.Answer:

Whatthequestionersaysisuntrue.However,thetruthisthatknowledgealwayspromotesitsholdersand
givesthempreferenceoverothersinallsocieties.So,ifaknowledgeseekergoestoAmerica,England,Franceor
anyplace,hisknowledgewillpromotehimamongtheIslamiccommunitiesthere,andamongwhoevercalls
toAllahwithsureknowledgeamongsttheMushriks(thosewhoassociateothersinworshipwithAllah),for
whentheygettoknowthetruthbymeansofclearevidenceandgoodmoralsofitsholders,theywillsubmit
toit.

IslamisthereligionofFitrah(naturaldisposition),justice,morals,strength,activeness,andconsolationitis
thereligionofallvirtues.Accordingly,aknowledgeseekerwhomovesalongwithsureknowledge,knows
theshar`y(Islamicallylawful)evidence,perceivestherulesofIslamandactsinaccordancewiththem,will
beesteemedandadmiredeverywhereespeciallyamonghispeopleandcommunity,iftheyexperiencehis
knowledge,sincerity,truthfulness,andpatienceasheshouldbeawisehealer(tothehearts),whocallsto
Allahwithwisdomandkindness.

Heshouldbeproudofhimselfandwillberespectedwhereverhemaybe,inatribe,village,orelsewhere,so
longasheisobservingthemoralsofknowledgeseekersinwordsanddeeds,avoidingthemoralsofthe
Fasiqs(thosewhoflagrantlyviolateIslamiclaw)andcriminals.Thatisbecauseheandhislikesarebeloved
byAllahandHisRighteousServantsaslongasheknowsandacts(inaccordancewithwhatheknows),
adviseshisfellowsandistendertothemaswellasbeingkeentobenefitthemwithhisknowledge,morals,
moneyandpowerliketheprophetsandrighteouspeople.

However,sayingthattheknowledgeseekerhasnopositioninthesociety,andisdisregarded

(PartNo:7,PageNo:234)

isafalsesayingthatisinconsistentwiththerealityaspreviouslyclarified.

AknowledgeseekerwhohassureknowledgeofhisDin(religionofIslam),issinceretoAllahandHis
Servantsandshouldbeproudofhimself,andadmiredwhereverhemaybesolongasheissinceretoAllah,
attainsknowledge,observesDa`wah(calltoIslam)toAllah,anddogoodtopeoplebybeinggentleand
amiable.Allahthengiveshimgladtidingsofthegoodendasheshallbepraisedbythesocietyandabove
this,heistobepromisedthegreatrewardofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),asHe(ExaltedbeHe)
says: Verily,hewhofearsAllhwithobediencetoHim(byabstainingfromsinsandevildeeds,andbyperformingrighteousgood
deeds),andispatient,thensurely,AllhmakesnottherewardoftheMuhsinn(gooddoersseeV.2:112)tobelost." And
accordingtoHisSaying(GlorifiedbeHe): AsforthosewhostrivehardinUs(OurCause),WewillsurelyguidethemtoOur
Paths(i.e.AllhsreligionIslmicMonotheism).Andverily,AllhiswiththeMuhsinn(gooddoers)." Moreover,He(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)saysaddressingHisProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim): Sobepatient.Surely,the
(good)endisforAlMuttaqn(thepious) TherearemanyAyahstothiseffect.

Ontheotherhand,ifsomeDu`ah(callerstoIslam)failtoachievetheiraimsandarehurtandtested,should
theynottaketheexampleofthemessengerswhohadbeenhurt,tested,humiliatedandevenkilled?!Onthe
contrary,aknowledgeseekershouldpatternafterthem(peacebeuponthem)heshouldhaveanexample
intheirenduranceandpatience.Moreover,ontheassumptionthataknowledgeseekerhasnotfound
respectamongpeople,thissurelydoesnotharmhim,sincethisisnotthereasonforwhichhehassought
knowledge,rather,hehasdonethattosavehimselffromignorance,andtobringpeopleoutofdarkness
intolight,thus,iftheyacceptthatfromhimandpromotehimforthat,praisebetoAllah,butifnot,hewill
stillbeattaininggood.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:235)

Overandabove,iftheykillorassaulthim,hewillhavepatternedafterthemessengers(peacebeupon
them),andafterthelastmessengerProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim),whowashurtandexiled
fromhiscityMakkahtoAlMadinah.

Hence,thesinceretruthfulDa`yistobeheraldedwithgladtidingsofwelfare,esteem,dignityaswellasa www.ircpk.com
goodendifhefollowstherightpath,hasgoodmoralsobservesguidanceandgoodconductawayfrom
violenceorsternnesswithoutinterferinginwhatisnotofhisbusiness.Hewillhavegreatwelfarelike
prophetsandmessengers(peacebeuponthem)andlikethelastandthebestofthemtheImam(leader)
ofDu`ahandmujahidin(thosewhostriveinthecauseofAllah)ourProphetMuhammad(peacebeupon
him),andthosewhofollowedtheminvirtue.

AllahistheOneWhograntssuccess.

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Q5:

Inthisera,thereisagapbetweentheMuslimscholars,seekersofknowledgeandtherestof
thesociety,whichcausesaproblem.Whatdoyouthinkarethesolutionstothisproblem?

A:

Thegapresultsfromthecorruptionofknowledgeseekersorscholars.Iftheknowledgeseekerdoesnot
offerSalah(Prayer)properly,commitssinsinpublic,oristootoughwithpeople,theywillbehatedby
scholarsandrighteouspeople.ThesameappliestoascholarwhoisFasiq(someoneflagrantlyviolating
Islamiclaw)oronewhobackbitespeopletheywillbehatedbyrighteousknowledgeseekerswhoexert
mucheffortininvitingpeopletogoodnessseekingrewardfromAllah(ExaltedbeHe).However,thereisno
suchgapbetweentherighteousscholarsandtherighteousknowledgeseekerstheycooperateingoodness.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:236)

Thegapisonlybetweenthecorruptpeoplewhoclaimtobeknowledgeable,whiletheyareFasiqs,smokers,
drunkardsorneglectfulofSalah.

Whowouldlikesuchaperson?Rather,theyneedguidance,advice,careandpatienceuntiltheyfollowthe
straightpath.

Theyaretheoneswhocausethegap.Theyaretheoneswhopervertedthesayingsanddeedsofscholars.A
scholarwhodoesnotrepresenttheirknowledgewellthroughTaqwa(fearingAllahasHeshouldbefeared)
andgoodreputation,butisitcountedamongsuperstitiouspeople,graveworshippersanddrunkards,isnot
ascholaranddoesnotdeserveappreciation.Theydeservetobeneglectedbyrighteousscholarsand
knowledgeseekersuntiltheyreturntoAlHaqq(theTruth)andfollowthestraightpath.

Thereisnodoubtthatknowledgeseekershatesuchpeoplebecauseoftheirnotorietytheymightbeeven
pleasedwiththegapbetweenthem,astheyareuselesstothemandharmfultothesociety.Theyneedtobe
advisedandinvitedtothewayofAllah(ExaltedbeHe),sothattheymakeuseoftheirknowledgeand
benefitthepeople.

EveryoneshouldsincerelycooperateinrighteousnessandTaqwa,holdingfasttoAllah'sorders,beingkeen
onwhatsolvesgrudgesandbridgesthegapbetweenthemthroughusefulknowledge,righteousdeeds,
goodreputation,andpatience.MayAllahgrantussuccess!

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Q6:

Whatdoyou(mayAllahsafeguardyou)meanwhenyousaythatseekersofknowledgehave
toworkhard?Are

(PartNo:7,PageNo:237)

allofuswellpreparedforthismission?WhatisourattitudetowardstheFourMadhhabs
(Hanafy,Maliky,Shafi`y,andHanbaly)whicharewidelyspreadallovertheMuslimWorld
amongstMuslimsandwhichareimitatedbyalotofpeopleinmanyplacesandtimes?A:

Seekersofknowledgehavetoworkashardastheycan:Beginnershavetostudycontinuously.Theyshould
takegreatcaretoqualifythemselvestobeabletoanswerdisputableissues.Thealreadyqualified
PostgraduatestudentswhomAllahgrantedknowledgeandwhoreadthoroughlyanddeeplyandexamine
thedifferentopinionsofscholars,havetotakepainsinshowingthepreponderantopinionsandshowingthe
falsityofthefalseopinionsdependingonthelegalevidence,patienceanderudition.

KnowledgeofShari`ah(Islamiclaw)isnotaseasytask.Rather,itneedspatience,diligence,andrevisionof
theHadithsrelatedtoyourtopicofresearchyoumaytakeseveraldayswithoutfindingtheHadithyouneed
orsometimesyoufind,butyouareunabletocometoadecisiveopinionconcerningitsauthenticityorDa`f
(weakness)

aswellasreviewingopinionsofMuslimscholars.Givingpreponderancetooneopinionagainstanother,one
needspatienceandcloseexaminationoftheevidence.Ijtihad(juristicefforttoinferexpertlegalrulings)
meansexertingstrenuouseffortstoacquireknowledgeandtobeanexpertofthisknowledgeuntilyou
becomeoneofitsmasterswhoareversedinexplaininglegalrulingsanddifferentopinionsofjuristsin
controversialissues.Gratefulstudentsshouldtakethestanceofalovingadvisorwhofeelsatisfiedwiththeir
teachersandappreciatetheireffortsinacquiringknowledgeandcirculatingitamongpeople.Theyshould
alsomakegreatuseoforalmessagesofthosescholarsandoftheirdifferentbranchesofknowledge.They
shouldbecarefulnottorevilethosescholars,harborhatredagainstthemortospeakillofthem

(PartNo:7,PageNo:238)

asameansofdisparagingtheireffortsandshowingthattheyareuselessandthelike.

Faithfulstudentsappreciatethestatusoftheirpredecessorsaswellasthevalueoftheirwritingsandtheir
sincereadvicetopeoplefortheSakeofAllah.Studentsmakeuseoftheadviceofscholarsthoughitdoes
notmeantheyshouldimitatethemblindly.Rather,theyshouldrecognizeAlHaqq(theTruth)onlythrough
itslegalevidence.Malik(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)said:Anyoneislikelytorefutetheopinionsof
anotherandberefutedhimselfexceptthemanwithinthistomb,referringtotheProphet(peacebeupon
him).

SaidAlShafi`y(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)said:Peoplehaveunanimouslyagreedthatwhoeverisclearly
showntheSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet)oftheProphet(peacebeuponhim),isnot
allowedtoforsakeitforanyotheropinion.

He(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)added:IfIdosayanyopinionwhichcontradictsanyopinionofthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim),thendonotadoptmyview.AhmadandAbuHanifahsaidthesameasMalikandAl
Shafi`ysaid(mayAllahbemercifulwiththemall).

OtherImamsalsosaidthesametheyadvisedpeopleandrecommendedthemtofollowthelegalevidence
derivedfromtheGloriousQur'an,Sunnah,Ijma`(consensusofscholars)ofourSalaf(righteous
predecessors).TheyalsostressedthefactthatnoopinionshouldbegivenpreferenceoverthatofAllahand
HisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).TheSayingsofAllahandHisMessenger,andthoseoftheIjma'ofour
Salafmustbegivenpreferenceoverwhatevercontradictsthem.

ThisisalsotheattitudeofthelegallyrecognizedscholarsaswellastheattitudeoftheseekersofKnowledge
towardssoastofollowtheirgoodexamplesingivingpreferencetotheSayingsofAllahandthoseofthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim),givingpreponderancetoopinionsdependingonlegalevidence,showing
respecttoscholars,appreciatingthem,seekingtosatisfythem,andaskingAllahtobemercifulwiththem.

AsforthenotoriousscholarsofJahmiyyah(adeviantIslamicsectdenyingsomeAttributesofAllah,claimingtheyareascribed
topeopleandcannotbeascribedtoAllah),Mu`tazilah(adeviantIslamicsectclaimingthatthosewhocommitmajorsinsareina
statebetweenbeliefanddisbelief)andothersimilarsects,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:239)

mustbedetestedandabhorredbecauseoftheirdeviationfromAllah'sPurifiedShar'(Law).Peoplemustbe
warnedagainsttheevils,uglypractices,andfalsebeliefsofthosenotoriousscholarsasanadviceforthe
SakeofAllahsincerelygiventoHisServants,andactinginaccordancewiththeobligationofthepropagation www.ircpk.com
ofvirtueandthepreventionofvice.AllahistheGrantorofsuccess!

www.ircpk.com

Theseventhquestion:

WhatisYourEminence'sviewofmanyseekersofknowledgewhoreiteratethat"Anyonewho
takeshisbooksashisShaykhwillgoastray"?

A:

Itiswellknownthatanyonewhoseeksknowledgefrombooksratherthanfromprofessionalscholarsis
morelikelytomakemistakes.

Thisistrue,foranyonewhodoesnotstudyonthehandsofscholarsanddoesnotfollowthewaysthey
followedwhenseekingknowledgewillfallinmanyerrorsandwillnotbeabletodistinguishbetweenAl
Haqq(theTruth)andfalsehood,duetolackingknowledgeoftheproofsofShari`ah(Islamiclaw)andthe
conditionsthescholarstakeintoconsiderationandactupon.

However,tosaythattheyaremorelikelytomakemistakes,thisisamatterofdebate.Anyway,their
mistakeswillbenumerous,fornothavingsoughtknowledgefromscholarsandfornotbenefitingfromthem
orknowingtheprinciplestheyadopted,sotheycouldnotdistinguishbetweenwhatisrightandwronginthe
manuscriptsandprintedbooks.

Somemistakesmaybefoundinbooks,andsomebookreaderswholackdiscretion,maytakeitforgranted
andsoconsideraslawfulwhatAllahprohibitedorconsiderasunlawfulwhatAllahpermitted,duetotheir
lackofknowledge.Forexample,abookmaymistakenlystatethatsuchandsuchisnotpermissible,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:240)

thoughthisisactuallypermissibleorviceversaasaresultofamisprint.

Abookmayreadthatsuchandsuchispermissible,thoughitisactuallynot.Thus,thereaderwholacks
knowledgeanddiscretionmaynotdiscoversuchmistakes.

www.ircpk.com

Q8:

WhatshouldapersondoifhewasrequestedtogiveaFatwa(legalopinionissuedbya
qualifiedMuslimscholar)aboutajuristicissue,thenhegaveitandlaterherealizeditwas
wrong?

A:

Hehastotakebackwhathesaid,announcewhatisrightandgiveaFatwaaccordingtoAlHaqq(theTruth).
Moreoverheshouldacknowledgethathehadmadeamistake.ItwasreportedthatUmarsaid:"AlHaqq(the
Truth)isold."SohehastotakeitbackandgobacktowhatisrightandgiveaFatwaaccordingtoAlHaqq.
HeshouldacknowledgethathegaveafalseFatwathefirsttimeandtheaccurateFatwaissoandso.There
isnoharmonhimatallifhedoessosincethiswithdrawalofhispreviousFatwaisobligatory.WhenPeople
askedtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)aboutthecrosspollinationofPalmtrees,herepliedthathedidnot
thinkitcoulddoharmifleft.TheytoldtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)thatleavingitdoesharmtopalm
trees,hereplied Itoldyoumy(personal)opinion.However,personalopinionmayberightorwrong.AsforthingsInarratetoyou
fromAllah,IdonottellliesaboutAllah. Andheorderedthemtopollinatetheirpalmtreesagain.

Umar(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)alsoissuedaFatwainwhichhegavesharetothehalfbrothersand
totallyexcludedfullbrothersfrominheritance.AfteraperiodoftimethesameFatwawasrequested,this
timehedistributedtheshareamongstallbrothers,dependingonwhathegavepreponderanceinthiscase
asthen.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:241)

ComingbacktowhatisthoughttoberightandAlHaqqisawellknownpracticeadoptedbyfaithful
scholars.Thereisnothingwrongnoradetraction,ratheritindicateshisvirtuesandthestrengthofhisfaith
sincehepreferstoacknowledgewhatisrightandtoleavewhatiswrong.

Ifsomeignorantpeopleclaimthatbacktrackingonwhatsomeonesaidiswrong,thisisnonsenseRather,
this(backtrackingonapreviousopinion)isameritandagooddeed,notwrong.

www.ircpk.com

Q9:

Iamaseekerofreligiousknowledge.Iamalwaysaskedtoanswerquestionsonactsof
worshiporanythingelse,andIoftenknowtheanswerwellwhetherthroughhearingitfrom
oneofourrespectedShaykhsorthroughreadingFatwas(legalopinionsissuedbyaqualified
Muslimscholar)butIfailtofindthecorrectevidencequickly.Thismakesmeunabletogive
preponderancetowhatIsay.Whatdoyourecommendformealongwithotherseekersof
religiousknowledgetodointhisregard?

A:

DonotissueaFatwaexceptwhenyouhavedeepinsight.Itisbetterforyoutoreferthosequestionersto
anyofyourcountryscholarswhomyoubelievehavebetterandmorereligiousknowledgethanyou.
Otherwiseyoucanaskthemtogiveyouaperiodoftimeinwhichyoucanreviewtheevidenceandexamine
thequestionmoreclosely.Onceyouaresureoftheaccurateevidence,youcangivethemaFatwaaccording
towhatyoufindofaccurateevidence.

Becauseofthisquestionandthelike,Ialsoadviseteacherstodrawtheattentionoftheirstudentstothe
dangerofissuingaFatwaunknowinglyandtoencouragethemtofirstmakesureofrightanswersandnotto
givespontaneousandfinalFatwaexceptwhentheyareverysure.Theyshouldsetagoodexamplefortheir
studentsinthisregardbynotgivingfatwaonambiguousissues.Rather,theyshouldpromisetheirstudents

(PartNo:7,PageNo:242)

toexaminequestionscarefullyinoneortwodaysortoanswertheminthenextstudyingsession.Therefore,
studentsgetusedtothisbehavioroftheirteacherbynotgivingspontaneousFatwaorrulingexceptafter
verifyingandexaminingevidenceandmakingsureoftheirteacher'sopinion.Thereisnothingwrongifthe
teacherpostponeshisreplytoaquestiontoanothertimetogivehimselfsometimetoexaminetheevidence
andreviewtheopinionsofotherscholarsinaspecificissue.

IthasbeenreportedthatMalikissuedaFatwaonlyinaminimalnumberofquestionsandrefrainedfrom
FatwainmuchmorequestionsHeoftenreplied:"Idonotknow".Manyotherscholarsbehavedinthisway.

Themostcharacteristicfeaturesofstudentsaretostopfrombeinginahurryinreply,andtosay:"Idonot
know"incasesthatonedoesnotreallyknow.

Teachershaveagreatobligation.Theyshouldsetagoodexampleintheirmannersandactionsforstudents.
Examplesofthosegoodmannersaretomakestudentsaccustomedtosay,"Idonotknow"andtopostpone
replyingtoquestionsuntiltheyfullyunderstandtheirevidenceorruling.Teachersshouldwarnstudents
againstissuingFatwaunknowinglyandboldly.

MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:243)

AWordofAdviceforStudentsandOthers

AllpraiseandthanksareduetoAllh,theLordoftheAlamn(mankind,jinn,andallthatexists).May
Allah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponHisservant,Messenger,andProphetwhomAllahentrustedwith
Revelation,ourprophet,Imamandmaster,MuhammadbinAbdullah,anduponhiscompanions,household,
andwhoeveradoptshisguidancetilltheLastDay.

GivingadviceisveryimportantinimprovingtheMuslimaffairsandguidingthemtothebestwayas
indicatedbytheHolyBookandSunnah.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, ByAlAsr(thetime). Verily,
manisinloss, Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommendoneanothertothe
truth[i.e.orderoneanothertoperformallkindsofgooddeeds(AlMaruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfromallkindsofsins
andevildeeds(AlMunkarwhichAllhhasforbidden],andrecommendoneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,andinjuries
whichonemayencounterinAllhsCauseduringpreachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd). Recommendingone
anothertothetruthandtopatienceisthebestofsincereadviceandtheoppositewillleadtodeviation.
Thosewhodonotrecommendoneanothertothetruthandpatiencearereallyinloss,astheyabandonthe
dutyofadvisingoneanother.

ProphetMuhammad(peaceandblessingsbeuponhim)said, Religionisbasedonadvisingoneanother.Thereupon,
wesaid:Forwhom?Hereplied:ForAllah,HisBook,HisMessenger,andfortheleadersandthegeneralMuslims. Reportedby
Im amMusliminhisSahih.ProphetMuhammad(peaceandblessingsbeuponhim)consideredthatreligionis
mainlybasedonadvice.ThisHadithisgreatandcontainsallgood.

ItiswellknownthatAllah'sProphetsandMessengers(peaceandblessingsbeuponthem),

(PartNo:7,PageNo:244)

arethebestoneswhoadvisedtheirpeopleandthebestwhocarriedthedutyofadviceinvitingtoAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)andrecommendingtothetruthandpatience.

Nuh(Noah)(peacebeuponhim)saidtohispeople, "IconveyuntoyoutheMessagesofmyLordandgivesincereadvice
toyou.AndIknowfromAllhwhatyouknownot. Hud(peacebeuponhim)saidtohispeople, "Iconveyuntoyouthe
MessagesofmyLord,andIamatrustworthyadviser(orwellwisher)foryou.

Saleh(peacebeuponhim)saidtohispeople, Omypeople!IhaveindeedconveyedtoyoutheMessageofmyLord,and
havegivenyougoodadvicebutyoulikenotgoodadvisers.

Soadviceisreallyaseriousmatter.Scholarsandseekersofknowledgeshouldbethefirsttoadviseand
guideotherstothetruthaftertheprophets.

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)guidesHisServantstofollowthewayoftheprophetsbyadvisingthebelievers.I
intendedtodirectthisadvicetomybrothers,knowledgeseekers,scholars,andallbelieverstocarryoutthe
dutyofadvising,cooperatingindoinggoodandpiety.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says, HelpyouoneanotherinAl
BirrandAtTaqw(virtue,righteousnessandpiety)butdonothelponeanotherinsinandtransgression.AndfearAllh.Verily,Allh
isSevereinpunishment.

ThefirstthingIemphasizeistorecommendfearingAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)whosays, Oyouwho
believe!BeafraidofAllh,andbewiththosewhoaretrue(inwordsanddeeds). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says
Oyouwhobelieve!KeepyourdutytoAllhandfearHim,andspeak(always)thetruth. Hewilldirectyoutodorighteousgood
deedsandwillforgiveyouyoursins.AndwhosoeverobeysAllhandHisMessenger(),hehasindeedachieveda
greatachievement(i.e.hewillbesavedfromtheHellfireandwillbeadmittedtoParadise). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)says, Andverily,WehaverecommendedtothepeopleoftheScripturebeforeyou,andtoyou(OMuslims)thatyou(all)fear
Allh

(PartNo:7,PageNo:245)

WehavetorecommendoneanothertoworshipAllahsincerely.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says So
whoeverhopesfortheMeetingwithhisLord,lethimworkrighteousnessandassociatenoneasapartnerintheworshipofhisLord.
TheProphet(peaceandblessingsbeuponhim)says, The(rewardof)deeds,dependupontheintentionsandevery
personwillgettherewardaccordingtowhathehasintended.SowhoeveremigratesforthesakeofAllahandHisMessenger,then
hisemigrationwillbeconsideredtobeforAllahandHisMessenger,andwhoeveremigratesforthesakeofworldlygainorfora
womantomarry,thenhisemigrationwillbeconsideredtobeforwhatheemigratedfor.

Ialsoadvisemybrothers,scholars,knowledgeseekers,andallMuslimseverywheretoalwaysremember
thatthebestmatterofDa`wah(IslamicCall)iswitnessingthatnonehastherighttobeworshippedbut
Allah,worshippingHimsincerely,andbelievinginHimandinHisMessengers.Theyshouldalsocallpeople
toworshipAllah(ExaltedbeHe),obeyHim,abandonHisprohibitionspersistently,andloveandrepentto
Allah,forthisisthecauseoftheirhappinessinthislifeandintheHereafter. www.ircpk.com
IalsoadvisethemtocontemplatethegreatblessingswehaveandtothankAllah(ExaltedbeHe)forthis
endowmentdayandnight.ThebestoftheseblessingsaretheblessingofIslamandsafety.Allah(Exaltedbe
He)likesthatallthebelieverscontemplatetheseblessings.Hesays, HavetheynotseenthatWehavemade(Makkah)
asecuresanctuary,whilemenarebeingsnatchedawayfromallaroundthem? Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays, HaveWenot
establishedforthemasecuresanctuary(Makkah),towhicharebroughtfruitsofallkinds,aprovisionfromOurselves

(PartNo:7,PageNo:246)

AndAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Soletthemworship(Allh)theLordofthisHouse(theKabahinMakkah),
(He)Whohasfedthemagainsthunger,andhasmadethemsafefromfear. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays,
Andrememberwhenyouwerebutfew,andHemultipliedyou. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays, And
rememberwhenyouwerefewandwerereckonedweakintheland,andwereafraidthatmenmightkidnapyou,butHeprovideda
safeplaceforyou,strengthenedyouwithHisHelp,andprovidedyouwithgoodthingssothatyoumightbegrateful. Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays, ThereforerememberMe(bypraying,glorifying),Iwillrememberyou,andbe
gratefultoMe(forMycountlessFavoursonyou)andneverbeungratefultoMe. He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)also
says, And(remember)whenyourLordproclaimed:"Ifyougivethanks(byacceptingFaithandworshippingnonebutAllh),Iwill
giveyoumore(ofMyBlessings)butifyouarethankless(i.e.disbelievers),verilyMypunishmentisindeedsevere." Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Workyou,OfamilyofDwd(David),withthanks!ButfewofMyslavesaregrateful.

Ialsoadvisemybrothers,scholars,knowledgeseekers,andallMuslimstopaymuchattentiontopreserving
theunityofthesocietyandkeepawayfromthecausesofdisputeanddifference.Inthisregard,Iremind
themwithwhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Oyouwhobelieve!FearAllh(bydoingallthatHehasorderedandby
abstainingfromallthatHehasforbidden)asHeshouldbefeared.[ObeyHim,bethankfultoHim,andrememberHimalways],anddie
notexceptinastateofIslm[asMuslims(withcompletesubmissiontoAllh)]. Andholdfast,allofyoutogether,totheRopeof
Allh(i.e.thisQurn),andbenotdividedamongyourselves,andrememberAllhsFavouronyou,foryouwereenemiesoneto
anotherbutHejoinedyourheartstogether,sothat,byHisGrace,youbecamebrethren(inIslmicFaith),andyouwereonthebrink
ofapitofFire,andHesavedyoufromit.ThusAllhmakesHisAyt(proofs,evidence,verses,lessons,signs,revelations,etc.,)clear
toyou,thatyoumaybeguided.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:247)

ProphetMuhammad(peaceandblessingsbeuponhim)said, Allahispleasedwiththreethingsfromyou:thatyou
worshipHimanddonotassociateanythingwithHim,andthatyoutakeholdoftheropeofAllahaltogether,andthatyougivegood
counseltotheonetowhomAllahgivescommandoveryou.

Itiswellknownamongscholarsthatreconcilingheartsandimplantingloveandtruththereinareofthebest
actsofworshipthataservantmayofferanddrawhimselftherebyclosetoAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Thus,itis
obligatorytoundertakethisdutysincerelyandtruthfully.Iadviseallbrotherstomakesureofthe
informationtheyimparttopeople.Manypeoplerumorfalsethingsandascribethemtoscholarsandseekers
ofknowledge.Abelievershouldbecertainofwhateverhespreadslestheshouldconfusepeople,whichis
contrarytothereligiousobligatoryadvice.Referringtothosewhorumornewswithoutbeingcertainoftheir
source,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Whentherecomestothemsomemattertouching(public)safetyorfear,theymakeit
known(amongthepeople)ifonlytheyhadreferredittotheMessengerortothosechargedwithauthorityamongthem,theproper
investigatorswouldhaveunderstooditfromthem(directly).HaditnotbeenfortheGraceandMercyofAllhuponyou,youwould
havefollowedShaitn(Satan),saveafewofyou. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays, Oyouwhobelieve!IfaFsiq(liarevil
person)comestoyouwithanynews,verifyit,lestyoushouldharmpeopleinignorance,andafterwardsyoubecomeregretfulfor
whatyouhavedone. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid, "HewhobelievesinAllahandtheLastDayshouldeither
uttergoodwordsorbetterkeepsilent...'' ReportedbyAlBukhariandMuslim.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
alsosaid, Itisaformoflyingifamanrelateseverythinghehears. ReportedbyImamMusliminhisSahih(authentic
collectionofHadith).

(PartNo:7,PageNo:248)

Manistrulyresponsibleforeverywordheutters, Notaworddoeshe(orshe)utterbutthereisawatcherbyhimready
(torecordit). Allah(mayHebePraised)says, So,byyourLord(OMuhammad),Weshallcertainlycall
allofthemtoaccount. Forallthattheyusedtodo.

OBelievers,bewareofthisdevilishtrickthatSatanmayenticeyoutotellfalsenewsandthenconsignyouto
dilemmawherenoregretmayavail.KnowwellthatSataniskeentomakeyoufallintotrialsandhatredof
yourbelievingbrothers.Heisalsokeentodecreaseyourgooddeedsevenifunabletomakeyoucommitsin
andBid`ah(innovationinreligion).Allah(mayHebePraised)says, Surely,Shaitn(Satan)isanenemytoyou,so
take(treat)himasanenemy.HeonlyinviteshisHizb(followers)thattheymaybecomethedwellersoftheblazingFire.

Thereisaseriousandgreatissuethatweshouldpayattentiontoandbeconcernedwith,namely,kindness
whilecallingtoAllah(mayHebePraised).Enjoiningtheright,forbiddingthewrong,andextendingadvice
arealsonecessary.Itisincumbentuponscholars,seekersofknowledge,andeverybelievingmanorwoman
toundertakethesedutieskindly.Indeed,enjoiningright,forbiddingwrong,andextendingadvicehavegreat
meritanditisnotpermissibletodeformthesevaluesbymeansofimpropriety.Thus,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)
guidesHisservantstoadheretokindnesswheninviting,saying, Invite(mankind,OMuhammad)
totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewith
theminawaythatisbetter.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:249) www.ircpk.com
He(mayHebePraised)alsosays, AndarguenotwiththepeopleoftheScripture(JewsandChristians),unlessitbein(a
way)thatisbetter(withgoodwordsandingoodmanner,invitingthemtoIslmicMonotheismwithHisVerses),exceptwithsuchof
themasdowrong

He(mayHebePraised)says, AndsaytoMyslaves(i.e.thetruebelieversofIslmicMonotheism)thattheyshould(only)say
thosewordsthatarethebest.(Because)Shaitn(Satan)verily,sowsastateofconflictanddisagreementsamongthem.Surely,
Shaitn(Satan)istomanaplainenemy. Healsosays, AndbytheMercyofAllh,youdealtwiththemgently.Andhadyoubeen
severeandharshhearted,theywouldhavebrokenawayfromaboutyou TherearesomanyAyahsinthisregard.

Inconclusion,akindwayofDa`wah,advice,enjoiningrightandforbiddingwrongmaybeacauseof
acceptanceandpositiveresponsewhereasharshnessleadstorejection.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)directsthe
attentionofthebelieverstothismatter.Theyfirsthavetobesurethatsuchandsuchisrightandthatsuch
andsuchiswrongdependingonthelegalevidence.Thus,theirenjoiningoftherightandforbiddanceofthe
wrongarebuiltonsureknowledge.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Say(OMuhammad
):"ThisismywayIinviteuntoAllh(i.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)withsureknowledge,Iandwhosoever
followsme(alsomustinviteotherstoAllhi.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheismwithsureknowledge).AndGlorifiedand
ExaltedbeAllh(aboveallthattheyassociateaspartnerswithHim).AndIamnotoftheMushrikn(polytheists,pagans,idolatersand
disbelieversintheOnenessofAllhthosewhoworshipothersalongwithAllhorsetuprivalsorpartnerstoAllh)." Ialsoadvise
themtobekindandusefinewordswhentheyrejectanywrongfulactsoastoattainAllah'sacceptance.
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:250)

Invite(mankind,OMuhammad)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelation
andtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewiththeminawaythatisbetter. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays, Andbythe
MercyofAllh,youdealtwiththemgently.Andhadyoubeensevereandharshhearted,theywouldhavebrokenawayfromaboutyou
TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid, "Hewhoisdeprivedofforbearanceandgentlenessis,infact,deprivedofall
good.'' TherearemanyauthenticHadithsinthisregard.

Iadviseallbelieversandknowledgeseekerstotakeduecareoftheplots,misconceptions,andliesofthe
enemies.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)warnsusagainsttheircalumniesandconspiraciesinHisBookwhenHe
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Youshallcertainlybetriedandtestedinyourwealthandpropertiesandinyourpersonal
selves,andyoushallcertainlyhearmuchthatwillgrieveyoufromthosewhoreceivedtheScripturebeforeyou(JewsandChristians)
andfromthosewhoascribepartnerstoAllhbutifyouperseverepatiently,andbecomeAlMuttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2)then
verily,thatwillbeadeterminingfactorinallaffairs(andthatisfromthegreatmatterswhichyoumustholdonwithallyourefforts).
He(mayHebePraised)alsosays, Oyouwhobelieve!Takeyourprecautions TheQur'antellsusthattheenemyis
sadatthegraceandreligiositythatwemayhaveandifweareputtoaffliction,theyrejoiceatit.

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Ifagoodbefallsyou,itgrievesthem,butifsomeevilovertakesyou,theyrejoiceatit.Butifyou
remainpatientandbecomeAlMuttaqn[thepiousSeeV.2:2],nottheleastharmwilltheircunningdotoyou.Surely,Allh
surroundsallthattheydo. Thus,Iadvisemybrothers,scholars,students,andallbelievers,totakecareofthis
plotandabidebythisreminderto

(PartNo:7,PageNo:251)

blockallmeansofenemiesthattheymayusetoplotagainstusanddistressusbytearingdownourunity.

Iadviseknowledgeseekerstohavegoodinsightinalltheaffairsaroundthem.Goodnessandwellbeingare
somuchinourcountrythatwehavetobeawareofthisblessing.PraisebetoAllahforthat.MayHe
increaseusofHisBountyandGrace!MayHehelpourleaderstodowhatpleasesHimandbenefitsHis
servants!KnowingthisgoodisawayofthankingAllahandhavingmoreGraces.Then,wehavetocorrect
mistakesbytheQur'anicwiseguidanceandmanner.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Verily,thisQurnguidestothat
whichismostjustandright Similarly,thewayoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)inhiscall,declarationoffaith,
andguidanceisgreatlyinspiringgoodnessandleadingtothestraightpath.Italsoshowstheusefulmanner
ofDa`wahandguidanceasstatedabove.

Cooperationwiththerulersinthecauseoftruth,right,andreformisoneofthemosteffectivemeansof
extendingadviceandremovingevilcauses.MayAllahguidethemtothebestwayandmakethemameans
toreformandbenefitforpeople!MayAllahgrantthemsuccessinallstatementsanddeeds,HeisGenerous
andGracious!MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,Companions,and
thosewhofollowthemrighteouslytotheLastDay!

TheGeneralPresident

ofScholarlyResearch,Ifta`,Da`wah,andGuidanceDepartments

`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaz

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:252)

GeneraladvicefortheMuslimsofPakistanandothers

AllpraisebetoAllah.MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeupontheMessengerofAllah,hisfamilyand
Companions!Toproceed,

IwouldliketoadvisemyfellowMuslimsinPakistanthegovernmentandthepeopletoobserveTaqwa
(fearingAllahasHeshouldbefeared)inallmatters,forsuchistheAdviceofAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)andHis
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)asAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)saysintheEverGloriousQur'an: Andverily,We
haverecommendedtothepeopleoftheScripturebeforeyou,andtoyou(OMuslims)thatyou(all)fearAllh And: Omankind!Be
dutifultoyourLord,Whocreatedyoufromasingleperson(Adam)

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)usedtorecommendhisUmmah(nationbasedononecreed)inhis
Khutbahs(sermons)tohaveTaqwa.TaqwaisacomprehensivewordthatencompassestheenmtireDin
(religion)ofIslaminadditiontotakingcareoftheinterestsofthisworldlylifeandtheHereafter.Itis
righteousness,Iman(Faith/belief),Islam,guidance,andcommongood.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)callsHisDin
Taqwa,forthosewhoadherepersistentlytoitwillbesavedfromtheevilsofthisworldlylifeandthe
Hereafter.ThemostimportantaspectofTaqwaisdedicating`Ibadah(worship)toAllahAlone,faithfully
followingtheteachingsofHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),judgingbyHisShari`ah(Islamiclaw)inall
mattersandavoidingwhatcontradictsit.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Andtheywerecommandednot,butthatthey
shouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim) And: Omankind!Worshipyour
Lord(Allh),WhocreatedyouandthosewhowerebeforeyousothatyoumaybecomeAlMuttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2).

(PartNo:7,PageNo:253)

And: Dotheythenseekthejudgementof(thedaysof)Ignorance?AndwhoisbetterinjudgementthanAllhforapeoplewhohave
firmFaith. And: Butno,byyourLord,theycanhavenoFaith,untiltheymakeyou(OMuhammad)judgeinall
disputesbetweenthem,andfindinthemselvesnoresistanceagainstyourdecisions,andaccept(them)withfullsubmission.

ItiscleartopeopleofcommonsensethatjudgingbytheShari`ahestablishestherightoftheaffairsofthis
worldlylifeandtheHereafter,unitesMuslimsonAlHaqq(theTruth)andputsanendtocorruption.The
mostimportantactsofTaqwaincludecooperatinginrighteousnessandpiety,advisingoneanothertoAl
Haqq,beingpatientwhiledoingso,havingthescholarsunitedonAlHaqq,guidingthelaymentothemeans
ofsalvation,warningagainstthemeansofdestruction,andadvisingandhelpingtherulerstodothe
commongood.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Allahispleasedwiththreethingsfromyou:thatyouworship
HimanddonotassociateanythingwithHim,andthatyoutakeholdoftheropeofAllahaltogether,andthatyougivegoodcounselto
theonetowhomAllahgivescommandoveryou.

Besides,IwouldliketoadviseallMuslimstokeepawayfromallkindsofShirk(associatingotherswithAllah
inHisDivinityorworship),Bid`ah(innovationinreligion),andsins,fortheirappearanceinthesociety
bringsaboutdestructiontoallthesociety,whilequittingthemisoneofthegreatestmeansofsalvation.No
reformcantakeplaceinthesocietyexceptthroughcooperatinginrighteousnessandpiety,enjoiningthe
Ma`ruf(thatwhichisjudgedasgood,beneficial,orfittingbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)
andforbiddingtheMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsof
soundintellect).Thesearethemoralsandcharacteristicsofthebelievers.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: The
believers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf
(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofall
kinds,andallthatIslmhasforbidden)theyperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),andgivetheZakt,andobeyAllhandHis
Messenger.AllhwillhaveHisMercyonthem.SurelyAllhisAllMighty,AllWise.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:254)

ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Whoeveramongyouseessomething
abominableshouldrectifyitwithhishandandifhehasnotstrengthenoughtodoit,thenheshoulddoitwithhistongueandifhe
hasnotstrengthenoughtodoit,(even)thenheshould(abhorit)fromhisheart,andthatistheleastofFaith. And: Religionis
basedonadvisingoneanother.Uponthiswesaid:OMessengerofAllah!Forwhom?Hereplied:ForAllah,HisBook,HisMessenger
andfortheleadersandthegeneralMuslims. [RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih(BookofHadith)]

TherearemanyAyahs(Qur'anicverses)andHadithstothesameeffect.IaskAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)toguideus,allMuslimsinPakistan,andMuslimseverywheretoallthatpleasesHimandtothecommon
goodofHisServants.IalsoaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tosetrighttheaffairsofourheartsanddeeds,grant
uscomprehensionofHisDinandhelpusadheresteadfastlytoitandcalltoitwithknowledge.Verily,Allah
isAbletodoso.MaypeaceandblessingsbeuponHisServant,Messenger,ourProphetMuhammadibn
`Abdullah,anduponhisfamily,Companionsandanyonewhofollowshisguidance.

PresidentoftheIslamicUniversityinAlMadinahAlMunawwarah

`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahibnBaz
www.ircpk.com

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:255)

ThereligiousdutyonMuslimstocooperateanduniteagainsttheirenemies

AllpraisebetoAllah,LordoftheWorlds.Thegoodendwillcertainlybeforthepiousones.maypeaceand
blessingsofAllahbeuponHisServantandMessenger,Muhammadibn`Abdullah,theelectofHisCreation
whomHeentrustedwithHisWahy(Revelation),ourProphetandMaster,anduponhisfamily,his
CompanionsandwhoeverfollowshiswayandguidanceuntiltheDayofResurrection.

Toproceed:

IthankAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)forgrantingmethisopportunitytomeetwithsomeMuslim
scholarsandleadersthemembersoftheConstitutionalCounciloftheMuslimWorldLeagueinitsthirtyfirst
sessioninMakkah,todiscussMuslimaffairsandissuesandtoexertalleffortstobenefitMuslimsandhelp
themsolveouttheirproblemsandestablishtheDin(religion)ofIslamandadherestrictlytotheguidance
andAlHaqq(theTruth)withwhichProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)came.

WehavelistenedtotheinsightfulwordoftheCustodianoftheTwoHolyMosques,inwhichhe(mayAllah
granthimsuccess)describedthestatusquoofMuslimsintheaftermathoftheIraqiattacksagainstsome
Gulfstatesandtherepercussionsofthisaggression.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:256)

HealsoassessedthecollapseofCommunismanditsimpactonMuslimstheirreliefafterthedeclineofthe
communistrule.Undoubtedly,theaggressionoftheIraqiregimeagainsttheneighboringstateofKuwait
representsaheinouscrimethatresultedinmassivedestruction.However,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)byHisMercyandFavorfoiledtheevilplotoftheIraqiregime,humiliateditsperpetrators,andputan
endtothataggression.Inthisthereisindeedalessontolearn,aswellasanenshroudedmercyfromAllah,
forMuslimsthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasthwartedtheplotsoftheaggressors,defeatedthehostsofthe
enemyandreturnedthewrongedpeoplesafelytotheirhomeland.AllpraisebetoAllah.TheCustodianof
theTwoHolyMosqueshasemphasizedinhiswordtheimportanceforMuslimstosupportoneanotherand
tobeunitedinsolidarityagainsttheirenemies.TheymustalsoadheretotheBookofAllah(i.e.theEver
GloriousQur'an)andtheSunnahofMuhammad(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet).

ThereisnodoubtthatthisistheonlywayforMuslimstoreinstatetheirlostglory,establishtheirDinand
achievevictoryovertheirenemies.AllMuslimsarebrothersinreligion,standingshouldertoshoulderas
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)describesthem: Thebelieversarenothingelsethanbrothers(inIslmicreligion).
Theymustcooperateinallactsofpietyandrighteousness,givesincereadvisetooneanother,recommend
oneothertofollowandadheretoAlHaqq(Truth)andexerttheirutmosteffortsinordertoestablishtheir
religiousdutiesascommandedbyAllah(ExaltedbeHe).TheymustalsosupportthecauseoftheirDinand
frustratetheconspiraciesoftheirenemieswithallpossiblemeansinaccordancewiththeinjunctionsofAllah
(ExaltedbeHe).

Muslims'holdingfasttotheRopeofAllah(i.e.theEverGloriousQur'an)andshowingsolidarityin
supportingtheirDinareofthegreatestfactorsleadingtoattainingvictoryovertheirenemyandregaining
Islamicpastglory.

ItisanobligationonusinthiscouncilandonallMuslimscholarseverywheretounanimouslycooperatein
allmattersofrighteousnessandpiety,topatientlyrecommendoneanothertofollowAlHaqq,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:257)

andtoupholdIslamicsolidaritywhichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)commandedustoobserveinHisSaying
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe): HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,righteousnessandpiety) And: ByAl
Asr(thetime). Verily,manisinloss, Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,and
recommendoneanothertothetruth[i.e.orderoneanothertoperformallkindsofgooddeeds(AlMaruf)whichAllhhasordained,
andabstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeeds(AlMunkarwhichAllhhasforbidden],andrecommendoneanothertopatience(for
thesufferings,harms,andinjurieswhichonemayencounterinAllhsCauseduringpreachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismor
Jihd). TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: 'Dinisbasedonadvisingoneanother.Uponthiswe(thecompanions)
asked:Forwhom,OMessengerofAllah?Hereplied:ForAllah,HisBook,HisMessengerandfortheleadersofMuslimsandthepublic.

ItisobligatoryuponMuslimseverywheretoconjoininallactsofpietyandrighteousness,recommendone
anothertofollowAlHaqq,andstrictlyadheretotheDinofAllahwithwhichProphetMuhammad(peacebe
uponhim)wassent.ThiscanbeachievedbyadheringtothenoblevirtuesoftheEverGloriousQur'anand
thepurifiedSunnahandbyfollowingtheirlawsinthejudgmentofallmatters,fortheyarethewayfor
felicity,sovereigntyandguidanceinthisworldlylifeandtheHereafter.

AllIslamicstatesandMuslimscholarsshouldrecommendoneanothertoachievethisgoalandjudgeby
Allah'sShar`(Law)inallmattersofMuslimsocietyasordainedintheEverGloriousQur'anandtheSunnah www.ircpk.com
ofProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim).

ItisalsoanobligationonallIslamicstatestoencouragetheMujahids(thosewhostrive/fightintheCauseof
Allah)andDu`ah(callerstoIslam)inorderthattheycanrealizewhattheyarefightingfor,inAfghanistan,the
Philippines,andeverywhere.Muslimsgovernmentsandpeopleshouldcooperateinallactsofpietyand
righteousness,showgreatcarefortheirfellowMuslims,andhelpthemkeeptheirDinandupholditbyall
possiblemeansasprescribedbyAllah(ExaltedbeHe).

(PartNo:7,PageNo:258)

MuslimrulersandgovernmentsshouldfearAllah(ExaltedbeHe),holdfasttoHisDin,andjudgeallmatters
byHisShar`.Inthisrespect,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Butno,byyourLord,theycanhavenoFaith,
untiltheymakeyou(OMuhammad)judgeinalldisputesbetweenthem,andfindinthemselvesnoresistance
againstyourdecisions,andaccept(them)withfullsubmission.

MuslimstatesshouldstandfirmforthisnoblecauseandsavenoeffortinfulfillingtheirdutiestoAllahinthis
regard.For,thiswillrestorebacktheirsuperiorityandvictoryovertheirenemyandwillbringabout
prosperityfortheminthisworldlylifeandtheHereafter.TheyshouldsetupIslamicinstitutesand
universitiestograduatequalifiedMuslimscholarsandjudgeswhocanteachsoundpureIslamtopeopleand
judgebetweenthemwithAllah'sShar`.Theyshouldencourage,help,andguiderulerstothewayleadingto
thegoodandhappinessinthisworldlylifeandtheHereafter.Theyshouldpatientlyandsincerelyeducate
MuslimsinAllah'sShar`andtherulingsoftheirDinandassisttheminfulfillingthisgoalbyallmeans,
aimingonlyfortherewardofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andfearingHisPunishment.Undoubtedly,thiswillearn
themeternalhappinessandgrantthemsalvationinthisworldlylifeandtheHereafter.

ItisalsoadutyonMuslimscholarseverywheretoprovideprofoundknowledgeofIslamtotheirstudents
andhelpthemcomprehendthefundamentalsoftheirDin.TheyshouldteachthemAllah'sShar`inthe
Masjids(mosques),atschools,inpublicgatherings,Halaqahs(learningcircles),andinallpossiblevenues.
TheyshouldseizeeverypropitiousopportunityandplacetopreachAllah'sShar`,guidepeopletotheDinof
Allahandencouragethemtofulfill

(PartNo:7,PageNo:259)

Allah'sShar`andpersevereinrecommendingoneanothertofollowthepathofAlHaqq.

SuchistheessentialdutyofscholarsandrulersofMuslimstates:tofearAllah(ExaltedbeHe),command
andsupporttheirscholarstojudgebyAllah'sShar`inallmatters.TheMuslimssubjectsareunderthecare
andprotectionoftheirrulersandscholarswhoshouldexertalleffortsineducatingandguidingthemand
solvingouttheirproblemsinaccordancewiththeBookofAllahandtheSunnahoftheProphet(peacebe
uponhim).

Theyshouldrecommendoneanothertocollaborateinachievingthisgoal,sothatAllah'sShar`willrule,
Muslimsconsistentlyandtrulyadheretoit,andpeopleenterintotheDinofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)in
multitudes.OnlytheignorantwillrespondtothosewhocalltofalsehoodandcomeoutofthefoldofIslam.
WhenMuslimstrulyabidebytheteachingsoftheirDin,theyshallhaveallthatisgoodandbesafefromall
thatisevil.Also,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)willgrantthemvictoryovertheirenemies,besidethegoodend
reservedfortheminthisworldlylifeandtheHereafter.

Ihopethatthesecouncils,namelytheConstitutionalCounciloftheMuslimWorldLeague,theWorld
SupremeCouncilforMosquesandtheIslamicFiqhAcademywillbenefitMuslimsandbringwelfareforall
IslamicstatesandMuslimseverywhere.WithAllah'shelp,nowIslamicawarenessandIslamicawakeningare
highlyactiveallovertheworld,inEurope,America,Asia,andAfrica.Thisbringshomegladtidingsandrenders
necessaryallkindsofcooperationandsolidarityonthepartoftherulersofIslamicstates,Muslimscholars
andthewelloffMuslims,sothateveryonewillactivelyshareinactsofpietyandrighteousness.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:260)

Muslimseverywhere,inEgypt,Libya,Tunisia,Algeria,Morocco,America,andEuropeshouldsupportoneanotherinacts
ofpietyandrighteousness,recommendoneanotherinfollowingthepathofAlHaqq,seektheknowledgeof
IslamandbenefitfromtheirscholarsinordertohaveagoodgraspoftheirDin,fulfilltheirreligiousduties
appropriatelyinawaythatpleasesAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)andjudgebyAllah'sShar`intheirreligiousand
mundaneaffairs.

WeaskAllahtoguideusallandgrantussuccess.WeaskAllahbyHisBeautifulNamesandExalted
AttributestosetrighttheaffairsofMuslimseverywhere,helpthemrightlycomprehendtheirDin,reform
theirrulersandleadersandhelpthemjudgebyAllah'sShar`intheland,andhavemercyuponAllah's
Servants.WealsoinvokeAllahtoguidethemtoallthatisgoodandgrantthemguidanceandfortitude.We
askAllahtoguidetheableMuslimstospendoftheirwealthintheCauseofAllahforthesakeofIslamic
Da`wahandcarryoutthisgreatmission.WealsopraytoAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)toguidetheaffluent
IslamicstatestoprovideconsolationandcharitytotheunderprivilegedMuslims,lefttheirafflictionsand
teachthemtheirDin.Verily,AllahisMostKind,MostGracious.MaypeaceandblessingsofAllahbeuponHis
ServantandMessenger,ourProphetMuhammad,uponhisfamily,hisCompanionsandhisSuccessorsin
righteousness.

ChairmanoftheConstitutionalCounciloftheMuslimWorldLeagueandPresidentof
www.ircpk.com
theDepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,Ifta',Daw`ah,andGuidance

`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahibnBaz

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:261)

ThewisdomofDa`yandthemoralsofthosewhoreceiveDa`wah

AllPraisebetoAllah,theLordoftheuniverse,maypeaceandblessingsbeuponHisservantand
Messenger,HisfriendandtrusteeoverHiswahy(revelation),ourProphet,leaderandmasterMuhammad
binAbdullah,anduponhisfamily,hisSahabah(companions)andthosewhofollowhiswayandareguided
byhisguidanceuntilthedayofjudgment.Toproceed:

Dhikr(remembrance)ofAllah,andDa`wah(callingtoIslam)tohiswayisthetraditionofmessengers
(peacebeuponthem).AllahsentthemascallerstothetruthandguidancetoHiscreation.Theygiveglad
tidingsandgivewarningstostoptheexcusesofmankindagainstAllah.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
says: MessengersasbearersofgoodnewsaswellasofwarninginorderthatmankindshouldhavenopleaagainstAllhafterthe
(comingof)Messengers. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: OProphet(Muhammad!)
Verily,Wehavesentyouaswitness,andabearerofgladtidings,andawarner, AndasonewhoinvitestoAllh[Islmic
Monotheism,i.e.toworshipnonebutAllh(Alone)]byHisLeave,andasalampspreadinglight(throughyourinstructionsfromthe
Q u rnandtheSunnahthelegalwaysoftheProphet). Thisisalsothewayandpathoftheir
successorsofthescholarsandtheirfollowerstheyperformDa`wahtoAllah,remindpeopleofAllahand
givegladtidingstothosewhohaveTaqwa(fearingAllahasHeshouldbefeared),andwarntheothers.
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)createdthecreationtoworshipHimandHesentthemessengerstoclarifyandcall
peopletoit.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: AndI(Allh)creatednotthejinnandmankindexceptthattheyshouldworshipMe
(Alone). Bothcreations,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:262)

Jinn(creaturescreatedfromfire)andmankindwerecreatedtoworshipAllah.Thisworshipistherightof
AllahonHisMukallaf(legallycompetentperson)slavesofthejinnandmankind.AllahsenttheMessengers
(peacebeuponthem)toshowthisworship,andcallpeopletoandexplainittopeople.Allahrevealedthe
Booksforthisreason,andthegreatestofthem,thebest,themostperfectandthelastwordofAllahisthe
GloriousQur'anwherethewayofguidanceandthepathtohappinesslie.ItcontainsthatwhichAllahis
pleasedwith,andthatwhichbringsapersonclosertoHimofsayings,actionsandintentions.Italso
containsthatwhichdispleasesAllahandsendsapersonawayfromtheMercyofAllah,asAllah(Glorifiedbe
He)says: Andverily,WehavesentamongeveryUmmah(community,nation)aMessenger(proclaiming):WorshipAllh(Alone),
andavoid(orkeepawayfrom)Tght(allfalsedeitiesi.e.donotworshipTghtbesidesAllh). Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)also
says: (Thisis)aBook,theVerseswhereofareperfected(ineverysphereofknowledge),andthenexplainedindetailfromOne
(Allh),WhoisAllWise,WellAcquainted(withallthings). (Saying)worshipnonebutAllh.Verily,I(Muhammad
)amuntoyoufromHimawarnerandabringerofgladtidings.

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosaysatthebeginn9ingofSurahIbrahim(Abraham): AlifLmR.[Theselettersare
oneofthemiraclesoftheQurn,andnonebutAllh(Alone)knowstheirmeanings].(Thisis)aBookwhichWehaverevealedunto
you(OMuhammad)inorderthatyoumightleadmankindoutofdarkness(ofdisbeliefandpolytheism)intolight
(ofbeliefintheOnenessofAllhandIslmicMonotheism) Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosaysinSurahAlNahl(theBee):
AndWehavesentdowntoyoutheBook(theQuran)asanexpositionofeverything,aguidance,amercy,andgladtidingsforthose
whohavesubmittedthemselves(toAllhasMuslims). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosaysinSurahAlHadid:
Indeed,WehavesentOurMessengerswithclearproofs,andrevealedwiththemtheScriptureandtheBalance(justice)thatmankind
maykeepupjustice. TherearemanyAyahs(Qur'anicverses)tothesameeffect.

ItisthereforecompulsoryoneveryMu'min(believer),femaleandmale,toreadtheBookofAllah,and
understandthemeaningofwhatAllahmentioned.Oneshouldreaditoftentoknowwhatitcontainsandto
implementthatwhichitindicates,asAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Verily,thisQurnguidestothat
whichismostjustandright

(PartNo:7,PageNo:263)

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Say:Itisforthosewhobelieve,aguideandahealing." Allah(GlorifiedandExalted


beHe)alsosays: (Thisis)aBook(theQurn)whichWehavesentdowntoyou,fullofblessings,thattheymayponderoverits
Verses,andthatmenofunderstandingmayremember. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndWehavesent
downtoyoutheBook(theQuran)asanexpositionofeverything,aguidance,amercy,andgladtidingsforthosewhohavesubmitted
themselves(toAllhasMuslims).

Soitismostproperforallofus,bothmalesandfemales,scholarsandcommonpeople,toreadtheBookof
Allah,understanditandtakecareofitinordertoknowthetruthandfollowitandbeawareofwhatpleases
AllahandwhatsayingsandactionsthatbringoneclosertoAllahtoactuponthem.Atthesametime,to
knowwhatdispleasesAllahandwhatsendsonefurtherawayfromHisMercytorefrainfromdoingit.Andin
orderforustoimplementDa`wahtowhatisgoodandtoabandonwhatisevilwithknowledgeandinsight.
Themessengers(peacebeuponthem)weresentforthismatter,aswepreviouslymentioned,Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Andverily,WehavesentamongeveryUmmah(community,nation)aMessenger(proclaiming):
WorshipAllh(Alone),andavoid(orkeepawayfrom)Tght(allfalsedeitiesi.e.donotworshipTghtbesidesAllh). The www.ircpk.com
bookswererevealedforthisreason,aspreviouslymentioned,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: (Thisis)a
Book,theVerseswhereofareperfected(ineverysphereofknowledge),andthenexplainedindetailfromOne(Allh),WhoisAll
Wise,WellAcquainted(withallthings). WorshipnonebutAllh Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: This(Quran)isa
Messageformankind(andaclearproofagainstthem),inorderthattheymaybewarnedthereby,andthattheymayknowthatHeis
theonlyOneIlh(GodAllh)(nonehastherighttobeworshippedbutAllh)andthatmenofunderstandingmaytakeheed. All
thebooksrevealedfromtheheavenscallpeopletoworshipAllahandHisMessenger,tohaveIman(faith)in
Allah,andtostopatthelimits.Likewise,themessengers(peacebeuponthem)wereallsenttoclarifythe
truthandguidepeopletothatthroughsayings,actionsand`Aqidah(doctrinebelieffaith).

WhatisWajib(obligation)uponthepeopleofIslamistoobtainknowledgeoftheworshipforwhichtheyare
created.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:264)

ThatistoknowTawhid(OnenessofAllah/monotheism)ofAllah,obeyHiscommands,forbidHis
prohibitions.Thisistheworship,forwhichweareallcreatedtheTawhidofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)through
ouractionsinallofourworships,whethertheybethroughsayings,actions,intentions,obeyingthe
commandsorforbiddingtheprohibitions.AsforthesayingofAllah(GlorifiedbeHe): AndI(Allh)creatednot
thejinnandmankindexceptthattheyshouldworshipMe(Alone). itmeansthattheyshouldsincerelyobeyHimalone
actinguponthecommands,abandoningtheprohibitions,andstoppingatthelimits.

TheDu`ah(thecallerstoIslam)andtherighteousscholarsarethesuccessorsofMessengerstheyarethe
inheritorsofMessengersincallingtorighteousness,clarifyingthepathtohappiness,andclarifyingthepath
tomiseryanddestructioninordertorefrainfromandbewarnedagainstit.Thetitleofmywork,thisarticle,
aspreviouslymentionedis:(ThewisdomofDa`y(callertoIslam)andthemoralsofthosewhoreceive
Da`wah(calltoIslam)).Thistitlewaschosenandagreedupon,becausethewisdomofcallingtoIslamhas
greatbenefit,thecallercarefullychoosesthewordsused,theappropriatetiming,andtheappropriate
mannerinorderforhimtobeclosertosucceeding.OfthenamesofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)isAlHakim(the
AllWise),Al`Alim(theAllKnowing),becauseHe(ExaltedbeHe)putsthingsinplacewithknowledge:
CertainlyyourLordisAllWise,AllKnowing. , AndAllhisEverAllKnower,AllWise. Heknowsthethingsastheyare,and
laysdownactionsandrulingsaccordingtothemostpropermannerthatsuitsHim(GlorifiedbeHe)and
appropriatetothebenefitofmankind,forHeistheWise,theAllKnowinginHisSayings,Actions,
commandmentandprohibitioninallthatwhichHesaysanddoes(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).

(PartNo:7,PageNo:265)

Thepersonwhoiswiseishewhoknowseverythingandplacesthesayingsandactionsintheirappropriate
places.ThisperfectiononlybefitsAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),becauseHeistheKnowerofallthings,
theWiseinallmatters,ExaltedbeHe.Itisthewisdomofthecallertohaveknowledgeofwhatheiscalling
forandwhatheisforbidding,asAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Invite(mankind,OMuhammad
)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn) whichmeans:with
knowledgeofwhatAllahsaysandwhattheMessengerstated.

Itisalsowisdomonthepartofthecallertousethemostappropriatemannerandinformation,conversing
witheachcommunitywithwhattheyknowandunderstand,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Say(OMuhammad
):"ThisismywayIinviteuntoAllh(i.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)withsureknowledge
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays, Invite(mankind,OMuhammad)totheWayofyour
Lord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn) i.e.knowledge, andfairpreaching i.e.
encouragementanddiscouragementtosoftenheartsandbringthemclosertotheacceptanceofthetruth.
andarguewiththeminawaythatisbetter. i.e.inagoodmanner,withoutusingviolenceorhardshipratherina
goodmannerinorderforthemtoacceptthetruthandfollowhim.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)saysaboutthe
peopleoftheBook: AndarguenotwiththepeopleoftheScripture(JewsandChristians),unlessitbein(away)thatisbetter
(withgoodwordsandingoodmanner,invitingthemtoIslmicMonotheismwithHisVerses) theyaretheJewsandthe
Christians.Itisnotpermittedtoarguewiththemexceptwiththatwhichisbetter,exceptforthosewhodo
Zhulm(injustice)amongthem,forthosewhodoinjusticewillbedealtwithinadifferentmanner.

IfthisdirectionfromAllah(ExaltedbeHe)ismeanttodealingwiththepeopleofthebook,thenitismore
propertobeadoptedwhendealingwiththeMuslims.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andby
theMercyofAllh,youdealtwiththemgently.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:266)

AllahaddressestheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saying: AndbytheMercyofAllh,youdealtwiththemgently. i.e.


thosewhowerecalledtoIslamofQurayshandothers, Andhadyoubeensevereandharshhearted,theywouldhave
brokenawayfromaboutyou AllahalsosaidtoMusa(Moses)andHarun(Aaron)(peacebeuponthem)whenHe
sentthemtoFir`aun(Pharaoh): "Andspeaktohimmildly,perhapshemayacceptadmonitionorfear(Allh)." Thisis
guidancefromAllah,theExalted,toHisMessengersMusaandHarunwhenHesentthemtoPharaoh,forthe
callerstocopythis,anduseitintheirDa`wahtoAllah,especiallywhendealingwiththegreatleaders,and
especiallyinourtimes.Forthewisdom,goodmannersandkindnessareofthemostimportantmattersinall
times,andinourtimemorespecifically,duetothegreatamountofignoranceandwhimsovermostofthe
creation.Byusingharshness,peoplewillfleefromyou,andstayawayfromyou,theywillneveracceptthe
truth,exceptthosewhomAllahblessedwithMercy.
www.ircpk.com
SomehistorianshavementionedthatoneofthecallerstoIslammetwithsomerulersofBanuAl`Abbasand
saidtothem:Iamsayingtoyou,andamstrictwithyou.TheCaliphthensaidtohim:Nomybrother,be
kindtome,forIamnotworsethanPharaohandyouarenotbetterthanMusa,AllahhassaidtoMusaand
Harun: "Andspeaktohimmildly,perhapshemayacceptadmonitionorfear(Allh)." Thismeansthatoneshouldchoose
theappropriatewordsforthosewhoreceiveDa`wahoradviceandaddressthemkindly.TheProphet(peace
beuponhim)said: "Hewhoisdeprivedofforbearanceandgentlenessis,infact,deprivedofallgood.'' He(peacebeupon
him)alsosaid: Kindnessisnottobefoundinanythingbutthatitaddstoitsbeautyanditisnotwithdrawnfromanythingbutit
makesitdefective .

Then,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:267)

foreveryplaceisasaying,thecallershouldconsidertheneedsofthesocietywhichheistalkingto.He
shouldnoticetheMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableordisapprovedofbyShari`ahandMuslimsofsound
intellect)withinthatsocietyinordertofirstaddressthatusingevidencefromtheShari`ah(Islamiclaw),
whichiswhatAllahsaysandtheMessengersaidwithevidence.Heshouldbelenientwithwhoeverasksor
suggestsanunclearmatter,untilthetruthismadecleartothem,byarguingwithkindness,untiltheunclear
matteriseliminated,becausetheaimistoguidepeopleanddrivethemfromdarknesstothelight.Your
intentionsshouldnotbetoshowyourknowledge,reprovethemorshowtheirignorancebutonlytocall
themtowhatisgood,guidethemtothetruth,anddrivethemoutofdarknessintothelight.

Itiswajibtofollowthepathusingthemeansthatleadstothismatterandisexpectedtogetthebenefit.

Likewise,theonetowhomDa`wahisgivenshouldadoptthefollowingmanners:Heshouldkeepsilentand
focusonwhattheyarehearingfromthecaller,andrecallingitinorderforthemtobenefitandunderstand,
alsohavingsincereintentionstobenefit,learn,gainknowledgeandactuponit.Ofthesemannersalsois
askinggoodquestionsiftheyask.TheseareallofthemannersofthepersonwhoreceivesDa`wah:
listening,acceptingthepersonwhoisdoingDa`wah,sincerity,goodintentions,askingforthetruth,and
resolvingtodogoodandaccepttheadvice.AllahtheExaltedsays: soannouncethegoodnewstoMyslaves Those
wholistentotheWord[goodadviceLilhaillallh(nonehastherighttobeworshippedbutAllh)andIslmicMonotheism]and
followthebestthereof(i.e.worshipAllhAlone,repenttoHimandavoidTght)thoseare(theones)whomAllhhasguidedand
thosearemenofunderstanding. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: butiftheyhaddonewhattheyweretold,itwouldhave
beenbetterforthem,andwouldhavestrengthenedtheir(Faith) AndindeedWeshouldthenhavebestoweduponthemagreat
rewardfromOurselves. AndindeedWeshouldhaveguidedthemtotheStraightWay. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays:
Butnoneisgrantedit(theabovequality)exceptthosewhoarepatientandnoneisgranteditexcepttheownerofthegreatportion
(ofhappinessintheHereafteri.e.Paradiseandofahighmoralcharacter)inthisworld.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:268)

ThepersonwhoiscalleduponshouldaccepttheDa`wahwithheartintendingtopleaseAllahandbe
successfulintheHereafter.Theyshouldbereadyinheartandreasontoacceptthetruth,implementitwhen
knowingit,andfightagainsttheirdesiresanddevils.Themostimportantmatterwhichshouldalwaysand
frequentlybeadvisedwithistobesincereintheirworshiptoAllahalone,andfortheslavestojudge
themselvesinorderfortheirdeedsandsayingstobeforAllahalone.Alltheiractions,prayers,fasting,and
Da`wahshouldbeforAllahalone.TheirorderingofMa`rufandforbiddingMunkarandothersuchdeeds
shouldsincerelybedoneforAllahaloneinalltheiractions.TheirgoalinlifeshouldbetoworshipAllahand
HisMessenger,andpleaseAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tobesuccessfulwithhonorandimplementthatwhichthe
servantsarerequiredtodo.

ThebasisandfoundationoftheDinistheTawhid(OnenessofAllah/monotheism)ofAllah,andbeing
sinceretoHim(GlorifiedbeHe).AsAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: AndyourLordhasdecreedthatyouworship
nonebutHim. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Andtheywerecommandednot,butthattheyshouldworshipAllh,and
worshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim) Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: SoworshipAllh
(Alone)bydoingreligiousdeedssincerelyforAllhssakeonly. Surelythereligion(i.e.theworshipandtheobedience)isforAllh
TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)residedfortenyearsinMakkah,performingDa`wahtopeople,calling
only.
themtotheTawhidofAllahandsinceritytoHim,andforbadethemtocommitShirk(associatingothersin
worshipwithAllah)ofAllah,andheshowedthemthenullityofworshippingidols,prophetsandrighteous
people.HeinformedthemthattheobligationistobesinceretoAllahaloneintheirworship,HeistheOne
Whoshouldbesupplicatedandworshipped,theOnetoWhomallsacrifices,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:269)

vowing,prayerandSawm(fasting)andothersuchworshipsshouldbeoffered.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)also
says: So,callyou(OMuhammadandthebelievers)upon(orinvoke)Allhmaking(your)worshippureforHim
(Alone)(byworshippingnonebutHimandbydoingreligiousdeedssincerelyforAllhssakeonlyandnottoshowoffandnottosetup
rivalswithHiminworship) Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: SoworshipAllh(Alone)bydoingreligiousdeedssincerelyfor
Itisrecordedinthesahih(aHadiththathasbeentransmittedbypeopleknownfortheir
A l l hssakeonly.
uprightnessandexactitudefreefromeccentricityandblemish)HadiththattheMessenger(peacebeupon
him)said: IhavebeencommandedtofightagainstpeopleuntiltheytestifythatthereisnoGodbutAllah,andthatMuhammadis
theMessengerofAllah, i.e.untiltheytestifybywords,actionsandbelieftheymustbelieveinitsmeaning,and
actuponitbytawhidofAllahandsinceritytoHim,associatingnothingwithHim(ExaltedbeHe)and
performingthatwhichAllahhascommandedincludingSalah(prayers),Sawm(fasting),Zakah(obligatory
charity),andotherdeeds,andrefrainingfromcommittingthatwhichHeforbade. www.ircpk.com
ItisreportedintheSahihcollectionofHadithfromIbnUmar(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thathesaid:I
heardtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saying: Ihavebeencommandedtofightagainstpeopleuntiltheytestifythatthere
isnoGodbutAllah,andthatMuhammadistheMessengerofAllah,performthePrayer,andpayZakah.Iftheydothat,theirbloodand
propertyareguaranteedprotectiononmybehalfexceptwhenjustifiedbylaw,andtheiraffairsrestwithAllah. .

AlloftheMukallafs(personsmeetingtheconditionstobeheldlegallyaccountablefortheiractions)ofthe
JinnandmankindareorderedtobelieveintheTawhidofAllahandareorderedtobesinceretoHimintheir
worship.TheyareorderedtobelievetheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)andbelieveinwhathe
broughtofguidance.TheyareorderedtobelievethatheistheServantofAllah,HisMessengerwhowas
senttoall,bothmankindandjinn,andthatheistheLastofProphets.Itisanobligationuponevery
mukallaftohavefaithinhim,believehimandfollowhisShari`ah(Islamiclaw)(peacebeuponhim).

Asitisalsoanobligationuponeveryindividualtoimplementhisduties,afterthetawhidofAllah,sincerity
toHim,abandoningShirkwithHim,andbeliefinHisMessengerMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)andinall
whichAllahandHisMessengerrevealedtous,thenweshouldundertaketheduties

(PartNo:7,PageNo:270)

whichAllahhasmadeobligatoryuponussuchasSalah,Zakah,Sawm,Hajj(pilgrimage),obeyingparents,
keepingthetiesofkinship,beingtruthfulwhentalking,commandinggoodandforbiddingevil,Da`wahto
Allah,Jihad(fighting/strivingintheCauseofAllah)inthecauseofAllahandotheractsofworshipalong
withstayingawayfromallwhichAllahforbade.ThemostgraveofthatisShirkwithAllah,foritisthe
gravestofsins.Apersonshouldbewareofallsinsincludingungratefulnesstoparents,Zina(illegalsexual
intercourseoutsidemarriage)drinkingalcohol,breakingtiesofkinship,usingRiba(usury)andothersins
thatAllahhasprohibited.TheMu'min,femaleandmale,shouldstriveagainsttheirdesiresuntilthemaleis
correctlyfollowingthecommandsofAllahandHisMessengeranduntilthefemaleiscorrectlyfollowingthe
commandsofAllahandHisMessengerineveryaspect,ateverytime,duringhardshipsandgoodtimes,
nightandday,duringtravelandathome,atalltimesandeverywhere.Everyoneshouldstriveagainst
themselvesuntiltheyarefollowingthecommandsofAllah,untiltheyabandonthatwhichAllahhas
prohibited,anduntiltheyabidebythelimitsthatAllahhasset.

Salah(prayer)isthepillarofIslamandthegreatestobligation.Itisthemostimportantaspectafterthe
testimoniesoffaith.Therefore,itisanobligationuponeveryMu'min(believing)femaleandmaletopreserve
theprayers,besuretoprayitattheduetime,andperformeachofthemquietlyandsolemnly.Allah(may
hebeExalted)says: Successfulindeedarethebelievers. ThosewhooffertheirSalt(prayers)withallsolemnityandfull
submissiveness. Amu'minisrequiredtopreserveitincongregationintheHousesofAllah(mosques).One
mustnotimitatethehypocritesandthelazypeopleandshouldbequickingoingandkeepingitwithhis
brothersintheHousesofAllahateverytime,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndperformAsSalt(Iqmatas
Salt),andgiveZaktandbowdown(orsubmityourselveswithobediencetoAllh)alongwithArRakin. i.e.praywiththose
whopray.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Hewhohearsthecalltoprayanddoesnotcome,thereisnoprayer
forhimunlesshehasanexcuse.Itissaid

(PartNo:7,PageNo:271)

toIbnAbbass:whatistheexcuse?Hesaid:fearorsickness.Onceablindmansaid:OMessengerofAllah,Idonothaveaguideto
guidemetotheMasjid(mosque),doIhavepermissiontoprayathome?Hesaid:doyouhearthecalltoprayer?Hesaid:Yes!The
Prophetreplied:Thenyoumustanswerit.

Thismanwasblindandhehadnoonetoguidehimbuthewascommandedtoanswerthecall!Whatthenisthecasewithothers?

AMuslimshouldpreservethesegreatworships,whicharethepillarsofIslamandwhoeverpreservesthemhaspreservedtheir
religionandwhoeverlosesthem,willbelost.Malik(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)narratedinhisbook("AlMuwatta`)fromNafi`
that Umar(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)usedtowritetotheworkersandprincessayingtothem:ThemostimportantofwhichI
havecommandedyoutodoisSalahhewhopreservesithaspreservedhisreligionandhewhowastesithaswastedhisreligion.

Manypeopletodaydonotpreserveprayersincongregation.Thisisagreatdangerandagraveevil.SomedonotpraytheFajr
(morning)prayeruntiltheygetuptogotoworkandprayitthenafterthesunrise.Thisisagreatmunkar.PrayeristhepillarofIslam
whoeverpreservesithaspreservedtheirreligionandwhoeverwastesit,willbewastedinthesamemanner.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)
says: Guardstrictly(fiveobligatory)AsSalawt(theprayers)especiallythemiddleSalt(i.e.thebestprayerAsr). Itisobligatory
topreserveandmaintainitattheduetimeincongregationformales.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidinaSahihHadith: What
makesoneadisbelieverandapolytheistisabandoningprayers. TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)also
s a y s : ThatwhichdifferentiatesusfromthedisbelieversandhypocritesisourperformanceofSalah.Hewhoabandonsitbecomesa
disbeliever. Thisisagreatdanger.SomescholarsmaintaintheviewthatthisisaMajorKufr(disbelief).

(PartNo:7,PageNo:272)

Whoeverneglectsithascommittedanactofmajorkufr,eveniftheydonotdenyitsobligation.Asforthepersonwhodeniesits
obligation,thisisamajorkufraccordingtoallscholars.Therefore,oneshouldbecarefulandshouldpreserveitincongregationto
giveitdueimportanceandperformitwithapresentheartandhumbleness,hopingforitsrewardfromAllahandfearingofHis
Punishment.

ThisisalsothecasewiththepayingofZakah(obligatorycharity),whichisthethirdofthefivepillarsofIslam,whichonemust
preserveandpayitwithgoodheartandwillingness.Apersonmuststrivetogiveitfromhismoneyandplaceitinthehandsofthose
whoneedit,seekingtherewardfromAllahandfearingHispunishment.

Likewise,fastingthemonthofRamadanpeopleshouldfastintheprescribedtime,preservefasting,andrefrainfromallwhichAllah
hasforbidden,suchasbackbiting,gossipingandothersins.
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ThisisalsothecasewithHajj(pilgrimage)forwhoeverhastheabilitytodososhouldperformHajjwhethertheyaremaleorfemale
atleastonceintheirlifetime,asAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndHajj(pilgrimagetoMakkah)totheHouse(Kabah)isa
dutythatmankindowestoAllh,thosewhocanaffordtheexpenses(foronesconveyance,provisionandresidence) TheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: Islamisbuiltonfive(pillars)... Hajjwasmentionedasoneofthepillars.

Alsoenjoininggoodandforbiddingeviloneshouldtakecareofpracticingthiswithhisfamily,neighborsandotherfellowMuslims,for
itisanimportantpartofthecharacterofabelievingfemaleormale,asAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Thebelievers,menandwomen,
areAuliy (helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheism
andallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslm
hasforbidden)theyperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),andgivetheZakt,andobeyAllhandHisMessenger.AllhwillhaveHis
Mercyonthem.SurelyAllhisAllMighty,AllWise. likewise,allthebelievingmalesandfemales,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:273)

asAllah,theExalted,mentionedthattheyareallAwliya'(devotedMuslims),notenemies.Betweenthemshouldbelove,brotherhood
andcooperationingood.Therefore,itisanobligationuponbothbelievingmalesandfemalestokeeptheloveandbrotherhood.
LovingforthesakeofAllahandhatingforthesakeofAllah,keepingawayfromlies,betrayal,backbiting,gossiping,givingfalse
testimoniesandfromanythingthatcausesseparation,differencesandhatred.Allah,theExalted,madeitclearthattheyare: they
enjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.
polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslmhasforbidden) ThiswasmentionedbeforeSalahandZakahduetoitsgreat
importanceandbenefitofenjoininggoodandforbiddingevil.InanotherAyah(verse),AllahdescribedtheentireUmmah(nation)as
enjoininggoodandforbiddingevili.e.apositiveUmmah,asAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: You[truebelieversinIslmic
Monotheism,andrealfollowersofProphetMuhammad)andhisSunnah]arethebestofpeopleseverraisedup
formankindyouenjoinAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmhasordained)andforbidAlMunkar(polytheism,disbelief
andallthatIslmhasforbidden),andyoubelieveinAllh. Thisisfornoreasonbuttheparamountimportanceofthisobligationand
itsgreatbenefits.

AMuslimshouldperformDa`wahtowhatisgood,enjoingoodandforbidevilamongthepeopleofhisownhouseincludinghiswife,
childrenandothers.HeoughttoadviseandwarnthemagainstdisobeyingAllah.Heshouldurgethemtoprayattherighttime,
encouragethemtodoallthatAllahhasobliged,forbidthemfromdoingallthatAllahhasprohibited,andwarnthemagainst
backbiting,gossiping,harmingoneanother,harmingtheirneighbors,andagainstneglectingtheprayersincongregationformales,
etc.ThisisinaccordancewiththisGloriousverse,whichisthesayingofAllah(GlorifiedbeHe): Thebelievers,menandwomen,are
Auliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandall
thatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslmhas
forbidden) ThisisinaccordancewiththesayingoftheExalted: Oyouwhobelieve!Wardoffyourselvesandyourfamiliesagainsta
Fire(Hell)whosefuelismenandstones untiltheendoftheverse.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:274)

AndthesayingofAllah(theExalted)toHisProphet(peacebeuponhim): AndenjoinAsSalt(theprayer)onyourfamily,andbe
patientinofferingthem[i.e.theSalt(prayers)]. AllahalsosaysaboutHisProphetandMessengerIsmael(peacebeuponhim):
AndmentionintheBook(theQurn)Isml(Ishmael).Verilyhewastruetowhathepromised,andhewasaMessenger,(and)a
Prophet. AndheusedtoenjoinonhisfamilyandhispeopleAsSalt(theprayers)andtheZaktandhisLordwaspleasedwith
him.

Thenyou,OslaveofAllah,shouldperformDa`wahtoyourfamily,andstrivewiththeminthecauseofAllahwithwisdomandkind
speech,usingintensitysometimesandprosperityatothertimes.Whenleniencyandkindwordsdonotwork,oneshouldbecomemore
firmandstrict,asAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndarguenotwiththepeopleoftheScripture(JewsandChristians),
unlessitbein(away)thatisbetter(withgoodwordsandingoodmanner,invitingthemtoIslmicMonotheismwithHisVerses),
exceptwithsuchofthemasdowrong Hewhowrongsshouldbepunishedwithwhathedeserves,dependingononesenergy,within
thepureShari`ah(Islamiclaw).TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Commandyourchildrentopraywhentheyaresevenyears
oldandbeatthemfor(neglecting)itwhentheyaretenyearsoldandarrangetheirbeds(tosleep)separately. Iftalkingdoesnot
work,hemaybeatthem.ThisisalsotruewiththeFasiq(someoneopenlyandflagrantlyviolatingIslamiclaw)andthedisobedient,if
theydonotacceptadviceandguidancetowhatisgood.Thenitisanobligationupontheleaderstoreprimandtheminorderforthem
toleavefalsehoodandturntothetruth.

TheyarerequiredtocarryoutthepunishmentsofShari`ahonthosewhodeserveit,accordingtothesayingofAllah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe): SokeepyourdutytoAllhandfearHimasmuchasyoucan Forthisreason,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said
inaSahihHadith: "Whoever,amongyou,seessomethingabominableshouldrectifyitwithhishandandifhehasnotstrength
enoughtodoit,thenheshoulddoitwithhistongueandifhehasnotstrengthenoughtodoit,(even)thenheshould(abhorit)from
hisheart,andthatistheweakestofFaith." OservantofAllah,youshould

(PartNo:7,PageNo:275)

striveaccordingtoyourstrengthinenjoininggoodandforbiddingevilwithyourfamily,neighborsandotherMuslimsusingthecorrect,
goodmethodinthehopethatyoumaysucceedandtheymaylistentoyou.Ifyouareabletochangethingswithyourhandse.g.
beatingyourchildren,yourwife,orservantwhentheydisobeythecommandofAllahorneglectDa`wah,truthandguidanceanddo
notcarryouttheirdutiesoracceptadvice.

WhatisintendedisthattheMu'minshouldtakethepathofwisdominallaffairs,usingkindwordsandpolitemanner.Thisshouldtake
priorityalwayswhenpossible.Iftheneedarisestobeatorreprimand,thendosoandrebukewhenyoucanaccordingtoyourability
e.g.yourchild,yourwifeorothers.ThesameistruewithregardtoarulerwiththoseunderhiscommandandtheCommitteeforthe
PropagationofVirtueandthePreventionofVice(CPVPV)inaccordancewithitsrulesandthefatherwithhisfamily.Eachpersonhas
theirshareofresponsibilitytheyallhaveanobligationinenjoininggoodandforbiddingevil,andforcingthetruthuponpeople,
becausethislifeisthelifeofdeeds.Itisthelifeofstriving,thelifeofDa`wah,thelifeofguidancetowhatisgood,andthelifeof
enjoininggoodandforbiddingevil,andthehereafteristhelifeofreward.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Sowhosoeverdoesgood
equaltotheweightofanatom(orasmallant)shallseeit. Andwhosoeverdoesevilequaltotheweightofanatom(orasmall
ant)shallseeit.

Beinglenientandcarelessisnotpermittedifyouhavetheabilitytodenythemunkar,findthetruth,guideandteach,Allah(Glorified
beHe)alsosays: Andwhoisbetterinspeechthanhewho[says:"MyLordisAllh(believesinHisOneness),"andthenstandsfirm
(actsuponHisOrder),and]invites(men)toAllhs(IslmicMonotheism),anddoesrighteousdeeds,andsays:"Iamoneofthe
Muslims." Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: www.ircpk.com
(PartNo:7,PageNo:276)

Letthereariseoutofyouagroupofpeopleinvitingtoallthatisgood(Islm),enjoiningAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandall
thatIslmordersonetodo)andforbiddingAlMunkar(polytheismanddisbeliefandallthatIslmhasforbidden).Anditistheywho
arethesuccessful. You,servantofAllah,arerequiredtocarryouttheobligationsofDa`wah,guidance,enjoininggoodand
forbiddingevil.YourbrotherswholistentoyouandareorderedshouldfollowthetruthandtheShari`ahbyacceptingit,submittingto
it,sayingthetruthandbeingcontentwithit,andputtingitbeforepersonaldesires.Thisisthepathtohappiness.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosaysinHisGloriousBook: Thenforhimwhotransgressedallbounds,(indisbelief,oppression
andevildeedsofdisobediencetoAllh). Andpreferredthelifeofthisworld(byfollowinghisevildesiresandlusts), Verily,his
abodewillbeHellf i r e ButasforhimwhofearedstandingbeforehisLord,andrestrainedhimselffromimpureevildesiresand
lusts. Verily,Paradisewillbehisabode. WhoeverfearsstandingbeforeAllahandfearsHimsincerelywillacceptadviceandfollow
thetruthhastingtoobeyingthatwhichAllahhasobligedandkeepingawayfromthatwhichAllahhasprohibited.Followingdesires
leadsapersontohellfire,darknessandabadeternity.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: andfollownotyourdesireforit
willmisleadyoufromthePathofAllh. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Butiftheyansweryounot(i.e.donotbringthe
BooknorbelieveinyourdoctrineofIslmicMonotheism),thenknowthattheyonlyfollowtheirownlusts.Andwhoismoreastraythan
onewhofollowshisownlusts,withoutguidancefromAllh?

Allah,theExalted,madeitclearthattherearetwoways:eitherrespondingtoAllahandHisMessengerorfollowingonesdesires.
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Butiftheyansweryounot(i.e.donotbringtheBooknorbelieveinyourdoctrineofIslmic
Monotheism) i.e.OMuhammad, thenknowthattheyonlyfollowtheirownlusts. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)thensays: And
whoismoreastraythanonewhofollowshisownlusts,withoutguidancefromAllh?

(PartNo:7,PageNo:277)

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!AnswerAllh(byobeyingHim)and(His)Messengerwhenhe(
)callsyoutothatwhichwillgiveyoulife AllahandHisMessengeronlycalltothatwhichrevivestheservantsandsaves
themfrommisguidance,forlifeandhappinessareinacceptingtheDa`wahwhichAllahandHisMessengerhaveorderedustofollow,
andbyfollowingtheShari`ahofAllah.Thisisthewaytohappiness,thepathtolife,andthepathtothelight.Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Ishewhowasdead(withoutFaithbyignoranceanddisbelief)andWegavehimlife(byknowledgeand
Faith)andsetforhimalight(ofBelief)wherebyhecanwalkamongstmen?likehimwhoisinthedarkness(ofdisbelief,polytheism
andhypocrisy)fromwhichhecannevercomeout? Akafir(disbeliever/nonMuslim)isdeadandindarkness,hislifeisthroughIman
(faith)andIslam,thelightiswhattheMessengerrevealedtousofIman,guidanceandbeneficialknowledgeintheQur'anand
Sunnah.Theyarenotequalakafirwhoisdeadbybeingfarfromguidanceisnotequaltoamu'minwhomAllahhasgivenguidance
andlight.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndthusWehavesenttoyou(OMuhammad)Ruh(a
Revelation,andaMercy)ofOurCommand.YouknewnotwhatistheBook,norwhatisFaith?ButWehavemadeit(thisQurn)a
lightwherewithWeguidewhosoeverofOurslavesWewill.

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)madeitclearthatwhatevertheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)camewithoftheQur'anandSunnahis
arevelationandlight,fortheQur'anandSunnaharetherevelationswhichgiveapersonlife.Theyarethelightwhichgiveaperson
insightandknowledge.EachtimeyourknowledgeisstrengthenedwiththeQur'anandSunnah,youhavebeenblessedwiththekind
soulandlightandeachtimeyourknowledgedecreases,yourlifeweakensandyourlightweakens.Thehappylifeisforwhoever
receivestherevelationandremainssteadfasttoittoreceivethelighti.e.knowledge.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:278)

Forthisreason,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: ButWehavemadeit(thisQurn)alightwherewithWeguidewhosoeverofOurslaves
Wewill. You,maleorfemaleslaveofAllah,shouldbekeeninachievingandmaintainingthislightandthislife,readandponderthe
GloriousQur'an,preservetheBookofAllah,andpreservetheSunnahoftheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)andreviseitfromthe
Sahihbooks,askthescholarswhoareknownfortheirgood`Aqidah(creed)andreputation.Seekersofknowledgeshouldlistento
preachers,guides,andthosewhocalltoIslamintheMasjids(mosques),onFridayKhutbah(sermon),andontheradio.Forexample,
theHolyQur'anRadiostation,and'Nur`alaAlDarb'andthelikemediaofinformingpeopleofwhatAllahandHisMessengerhave
said.Whoeveriskeenonitwillfinditandbenefitfromit,butthemajorproblemisifoneturnsawayfromitheedlesslyandfollows
theirwhims.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Butthosewhodisbelieveturnawayfromthatwhereoftheyarewarned. Do
you,maleandfemalebelievers,wishtobesimilartothoseKafirsintheirturningawayfromtheReligionofAllah?Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)says: AndwhodoesmorewrongthanhewhoisremindedoftheAyt(proofs,evidence,verses,lessons,signs,
revelations,etc.)ofhisLord,butturnsawayfromthem,forgettingwhat(deeds)hishandshavesentforth. Noonedoesworsewrong
thanthesepeople.Sobeonguard,oservantsofAllah,lestyoushouldbeofthem.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: And
surely,WehavecreatedmanyofthejinnandmankindforHell.Theyhaveheartswherewiththeyunderstandnot,andtheyhaveeyes
wherewiththeyseenot,andtheyhaveearswherewiththeyhearnot(thetruth).Theyarelikecattle,nayevenmoreastraythose!
Theyaretheheedlessones. Cattleincludecamels,cowsandsheep.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)comparedthosewhoturn
awayfromHisReligionandareheedlessoffollowingthetruth

(PartNo:7,PageNo:279)

totheseanimals,duetotheirlackoffollowingwhatAllahhassentwithHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)ofguidanceandtruthful
religion.Allahhasmadethemmoreastraythanthecattle,becausetheywereblessedwithamindandwiththesenseofhearingand
seeing,yettheydidnotbenefitfromitbyfollowingthetruthbuttheywentastrayandbecameworsethanthecattle.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Ordoyouthinkthatmostofthemhearorunderstand?Theyareonlylikecattlenay,
theyareevenfartherastrayfromthePath(i.e.evenworsethancattle).

OmaleandfemaleservantsofAllah,doyouagreetobecomparedtothesecattleintheirignoranceofthetruthandfailuretofollow
it!YoumuststrivetounderstandtheQur'anandSunnah,learnandaskquestionsaboutthatwhichyouareunsure,implementthe
truthinordernottobesimilartotheseanimals.Whoeverstriveswillfind,andwhoeverisafraidwillsetoutearly,andwhoeversets
outearlyreachestheirdestination,theimportantthingistobesincereinseekingthetruth.ItisreportedinaSahihHadiththatthe
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)said: "Hewhoisafraidofthepillageoftheenemysetsoutintheearlypartofthenightandhewho
setsoutearly,reacheshisdestination.BeonyourguardthatthecommodityofAllahisprecious.VerilythecommodityofAllahis
Jannahi.e.Paradise". ReportedbyAlTirmidhy(mayAllahbeMercifulwithhim)withaHasan(aHadithwhoseSanadcontainsa
narratorwithweakexactitude,butisfreefromeccentricityorblemish)Sanad(chainofnarrators).Hewhoistruthfullyafraidwilllearn
andbeknowledgeable.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: ButforhimwhofearsthestandingbeforehisLord,therewillbetwo www.ircpk.com
Gardens(i.e.inParadise). Therewardwasmadeconditionaluponfear,becausetruefeardrivesapersontoobeyAllahandHis
MessengerandmakesonestrivetounderstandknowledgeandlearningandhelpshimtoabandonthatwhichAllahandHisMessenger
forbade.Forexample,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Verily,,thosewhofeartheirLordunseen(i.e.theydonotseeHim,
norHispunishmentintheHereafter),theirswillbeforgivenessandagreatreward(i.e.Paradise). FearshouldbeofAllah,andbeing
afraidshouldbeofHim.ThisisallconsideredobediencetoAllahandknowledgeofthereligion.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:280)

Thismeansthatallofthisistoinformyouthatitisanobligationuponeverybelievingmaleandfemaletoobtainreligiousknowledge,
haveinsightandknowledge,andactuponit.Neglectandheedlessnessaresignsofloss,asAllahonlywantsgoodforHisServants.
TurningtoAllah,learningandobtainingknowledgeofthereligionandaskingaresignsofguidanceandrighteousness.Allahwants
goodforHisServantsasstatedintheSahihHadithwheretheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: WhenAllahwantstodogoodtoa
person,Hewillmakehimunderstandthereligion Understandingthereligion,gainingknowledge,acceptingadvice,attendinglectures
andbenefittingfromthem,andacceptingthatbyheartareofthesignsthatAllahwantsgoodforHisServant.Opposingthisandbeing
heedlessoftheknowledgeandunderstandingareofthesignsthatAllahwantsevilforHisServant.WeaskAllahtoGrantussuccess.

You,oservantofAllah,shouldbediligenttoacceptthetruthwithyourheartwhenadvisedandreminded.Yourmainconcernand
intentionshouldbetounderstandtherulingofAllah,knowwhatAllahhasasked,andimplementit,aswellasknowingthatwhich
displeasesAllahinordertoabandonit.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: AndwhosoeverfearsAllhandkeepshisdutytoHim,Hewill
makeawayforhimtogetout(fromeverydifficulty). AndHewillprovidehimfrom(sources)henevercouldimagine. Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: andwhosoeverfearsAllhandkeepshisdutytoHim,Hewillmakehismattereasyforhim. Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!IfyouobeyandfearAllh,HewillgrantyouFurqn[(acriteriontojudge
betweenrightandwrong),or(Makhraj,i.e.awayforyoutogetoutfromeverydifficulty)],andwillexpiateforyouyoursins ...

IaskAllahwithHisNamesandAttributestograntusandyousuccesstohavethebeneficialknowledgeandgooddeedsandtoprotect
usandyoufromtheevilsofourselves,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:281)

andthesinsofourdeeds.IaskAllahtoguideusalltoHisStraightPath,makeusandyouofthosewhostrivetodogood,andthose
whomoveawayfromallevil.IaskHimtomakeHisReligionvictoriousandHisWordsupreme,helpourleaderstoallthatisgood,
makeHisReligionvictoriousthroughthem,maketheirentouragegood,helpthemdoallthatisgoodandmovethemawayfromall
thatisevil,makeallthoseresponsiblesuccessfulindoingthatwhichpleasesAllahandimprovesthewelfareofmankindand
countries.IalsoaskAllah,theExalted,toimprovetheaffairsoftheMuslimsallovertheWorld,tomakethebestamongthemtheir
leaders,andimprovetheirleaders,andgrantthemknowledgeofthereligionandkeepthemsteadfastonit,forHeistheAllHearer,
A l lNear.MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,andonhisfamily,companionsandthosewhofollowhim
withgood.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:282)

Answerstosomequestionsposedafterlecture

Q1:

WhatistherulingondealingwithRibabasedBanks?Whatmeasureshouldbetakentoward
thehardshipsthatourMuslimbrethrenundergoinsomeIslamiccountries?

A:

Riba(usury/interest)isundoubtedlyHaram(prohibited)andthisissupportedbyAyahs
(Qur'anicverses),theSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet)andtheIjma`
(consensusofscholars).Ribaisoneofthegravestsinsandunanimouslyprohibitedacts.Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: ThosewhoeatRib(usury)willnotstand(ontheDayofResurrection)exceptlike
thestandingofapersonbeatenbyShaitn(Satan)leadinghimtoinsanity.Thatisbecausetheysay:TradingisonlylikeRib
(usury),whereasAllhhaspermittedtradingandforbiddenRib(usury).

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!BeafraidofAllhandgiveupwhatremains(due
toyou)fromRib(usury)(fromnowonward),ifyouare(really)believers. Andifyoudonotdoit,thentakeanoticeofwarfrom
TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Allahcursedthedevourer(taker)ofRiba,itspayer,
AllhandHisMessenger
(RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih(authentic)Bookof
itsscribeanditstwowitnesses.Hesaid,Theyareallequal.
Hadith)AllMuslimsmustbewareofRibaandshouldnotdealwithitordeposittheirmoneyin
anyRibabasedbankbethey

(PartNo:7,PageNo:283)

nationalorinternational.Theexistenceofsomethingamongpeopledoesnotmeanitis
lawful.Goodexists,asdoesevil,andonemustfollowthegoodandkeepawayfromtheevil.
Theexistenceofevildoesnotmeanitislawfulratheritmustbeavoided.

Inconclusion,Ribaisoneoftheprohibitedactsthatwemustguardagainstandwarnothers
about.Bydoingso,inshaaAllah(ifAllahwills),allRibabasedbankswillberemovedfrom
theKingdomofSaudiArabia.TheCustodianoftheTwoHolyMosqueshasagreedtoreplace
themwiththeIslamicbanks,whichwillhelpusdispensewiththeseRibabasedbankswhich
willsoondisappearfromthiscountry.

Inbrief,MuslimphilanthropistsshouldcreateandholdsharesinIslamicbanks,sothatother
MuslimswillbeencouragedtoseekIslamicbanksuntiltheyincreaseinnumberandAllahwill
helpusdispensewiththeseRibabasedbanks,untiltheydisappearverysoonInshaaAllah.

AsfarasourMuslimbrethreneverywhere includingAlgeria,Philippines,Afghanistan,BosniaandHerzegovina,etc.,
itisobligatoryuponallMuslimstosupplicateAllahtograntthemsuccessandguidance,help
themunderstandIslamcorrectly,unitethem,grantthemvictoryovertheirenemies,and
guidetheofficialsinMuslimcountriestomakeAlHaqq(theTruth)victorious.

ItisprescribedtosupplicatetoAllahforallMuslimbrethreneverywhereintheirabsence,for
ityieldsgreatbenefit.MuslimsshouldsupplicatetoAllahtohelptheirbrethreninPhilippines,
Algeria,Tunisia,Morocco,Afghanistan,BosniaandHerzegovina,etc.,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:284)

andintheirowncountries.MuslimsshouldsupplicateAllahtograntallMuslimssuccessand
uprightness,unitethemonthepathtogoodnessandguidance,protectthemfromtheevilof
theirrulers,helpthemshowandcalltoAlHaqqwithknowledgeandinsight,keepthemaway
fromthewaysthatopposeAlHaqqormakeapersondenyit,andguidethemtothegood
meansthatbackandinvitetoAlHaqqandhelptoacceptandbecontentwithit.

www.ircpk.com

Q2:

WhatisyouropiniononthemediacampaignlaunchedbymanynewspapersagainstDu`ah
(callerstoIslam)withspecificattacksagainstsomeIslamiccommitteesliketheCommittee
forthePropagationofVirtueandthePreventionofVice(CPVPV)?

A:

TheDu`ah(callertoIslam)toAlHaqq(theTruth),thosewhoenjoiningtherightandforbid
thewrongalwayshaveenemiesandopponentssuchastheatheists(onewhobelievesall
matteriseternalanddeniestheDayofResurrection),communistsandFussaq(people
flagrantlyviolatingIslamiclaw).ItisthusthedutyoftheDu'ah'stoAllahandthosewho
enjointherightandforbidvicetoshowfortitudeandpatienceaccordingtowhatAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saystoHisProphet(peacebeuponhim): Thereforebepatient(O
Muhammad ) asdidtheMessengersofstrongwillandbeinnohasteaboutthem(disbelievers). Relating
thespeechofLuqmantohisson,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: "Omyson!AqimAsSalt(performAs
Salt),enjoin(onpeople)AlMarf(IslmicMonotheismandallthatisgood),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.disbeliefin
theOnenessofAllh,polytheismofallkindsandallthatisevilandbad),andbearwithpatiencewhateverbefallsyou.Verily,these
aresomeoftheimportantcommandments(orderedbyAllhwithnoexemption). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
alsosays: andbepatient.Surely,AllhiswiththosewhoareAsSbirn(thepatient).

Campaigns

(PartNo:7,PageNo:285)

launchedbypeopleoffalsebeliefsincludingsecularists,atheists,communists,pagans,Christians,Jews
andothersagainsttheDu'ahofAlHaqqshouldbeconfrontedwithdefendingtheDu'ahofAl
Haqq.Acountercampaignshouldalsobelaunchedtocallforgoodandexposethecorruption
ofthesepropagandacampaignstorejectsuchcurrentsandpaythemnoattention.In
addition,greatcareshouldbetakeninencouragingthoseDu'ahandthepropagatorsofvirtue
andpreventersofviceandpromisingthemthatAllahwillinevitablyhelpthembuttheyhave
tobetruthful,patient,tolerant,anderuditebecauseAllahwillgivethe(good)endtoAl
Muttaqn(thepious).He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Sobepatient.Surely,the(good)endisforAl
Muttaqn(thepious) He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AsforthosewhostrivehardinUs(OurCause),
WewillsurelyguidethemtoOurPaths(i.e.AllhsreligionIslmicMonotheism).Andverily,AllhiswiththeMuhsinn(good
doers)."

PatienceandJihad(strivingintheCauseofAllah)arenecessary.Moreover,Du'ahmust
sincerelyadvisethosewhocalltofalsebeliefsandconvertpeoplefromAlHaqq.Theyshould
alsorefutetheirfalsebeliefsandexposetheirfalsity.Theyshouldalsodemonstratethatitis
obligatoryontheadvocatesoftruthtosupportitanditspeopleandadvocateitandbe
thoroughlypatient.Rulers(mayAllahgrantthemsuccess)shouldsupportDu'ah,quenchall
theiradversaries,anddeterthoseadversariesfromtheirfalsebeliefsuntiltheyhave
Istiqamah(integrity)toAlHaqq.TheyshouldstopthemfromdoingharmtoDu'ah,thosewho
enjointherightandforbidvice.Rulersmustalsoprovidemeansforcarryingoutobligationsof
Allahlikedeterringliars,punishingthemandsupportingtheoppressedandthecallerstothe
Truth

mayAllahgrantourrulerssuccesssincetheyallpraiseandthankstoAllahexert
extraneouseffortstosupportthepropagatorsofvirtue,thepreventersofviceandtheDu'ah
toAllah.WesupplicatetoAllahtograntthemmuchmoresuccessandhelpthemin

(PartNo:7,PageNo:286)

carryingoutwhatresultsinthegoodoftheUmmah(nationbasedononecreed)andits
salvation.

AllMuslims,menandwomen,shouldhelponeanotherinAlBirr(virtue,righteousness)and
Taqwa(fearingAllahasHeshouldbefeared/Piety).Theyshouldcooperatewiththeirrulers
inDa`wahtowhatisgood.Moreover,theyshouldinformrulersaboutwhatishiddenthrough
givingthemadviceandwritingletterstomaketherulersandpeopleinchargeofMuslim
affairsawareofwhattakesplaceofhiddenevilpractices.Thismeansthatcooperationin
doingmutualgoodincludesallMuslims,whethertheyarerulersorruled,andisoneofthe
mostfundamentalobligationsofIslamaccordingtowhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Helpyou
oneanotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,righteousnessandpiety) He(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: ByAlAsr(the
time). Verily,manisinloss, Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommend
oneanothertothetruth[i.e.orderoneanothertoperformallkindsofgooddeeds(AlMaruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstain
fromallkindsofsinsandevildeeds(AlMunkarwhichAllhhasforbidden],andrecommendoneanothertopatience(forthe
sufferings,harms,andinjurieswhichonemayencounterinAllhsCauseduringpreachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismor
www.ircpk.com
Theremustbecooperationamongpeopleincharge,scholars,andDu'ahtoAlHaqqto
Jihd).
demonstrateandcalltoit.Theymustalsocooperatetoquenchthoseoffalsebeliefsand
eliminatethem.MayAllahgrantusallsuccessandguideustoHissatisfactionandthegeneral
goodofallpeople.

Q3:

Whatadvicecanyougivetotheinstitutionsthatencouragesinsandvicelikevideostoresand
songrecordingfirms?Whatistheadviceyourecommendtothosewhowouldliketocallthem
tothetruth?

A:

MydearestadvicefortheownersofthestoresmentionedaboveistofearAllahandbewareof
producingvideosortapesoranyothermeanswhichencouragespreadingfalsebeliefs.
Anyonewho

(PartNo:7,PageNo:287)

hasatapeorvideorecordingfirmshouldabidediligentlybythetruthandshouldonly
circulatewhathelpsinspreadinggood,truth,guidance,andreform.Theymusttakecarenot
tospreadfalsebeliefsbyanymeans.

Thecensorshipbureaushouldfirmlychecktheirstoresandwhattheyshow.MayAllahhelp
thisbureauinitsresponsibilitiestopreventthecirculationoffalsebeliefsandtoseverely
punishthosewhocarelesslyspreadsinandvice.Whoeverknowsaboutanyonewhodealsin
theseactivitiesdoingharmtopeopleandspreadingvice,mustinformthepeopleinchargeto
informthespecificcommitteesandHomeSecretaryandthegovernoroftheplacewhereverit
maybeintheKingdomofSaudiArabia.ThewholecommunitymusthelponeanotherinAl
Birr(virtue,righteousness)andTaqwa(fearingAllahasHeshouldbefeared/Piety).Nooneis
allowedtoactnegatively.Peopleshouldescalateittothegovernorwhoshouldconveyitto
thecommitteetoenablethewholecommunitytorefutewhatisfalseandestablishAlHaqq
andsupportit.

Q4:

Mostofthepeopleattendingareuniversityprofessorsandteachersatschoolsofdifferent
levels.Whatisyouradvicetothoseteachersastheyconveythismessage?

A:

IadviseeveryonetofearAllahandtosetgoodexamplesfortheirstudentsinallfieldsof
good,knowledge,andrighteousdeedstomakestudentsandemployeesandothersimitate
them.Teachersshouldbeagoodexampleincarryingoutthefivedailyprayersin
congregationandgoingtothemearly.Theyalsohavetogrowtheirbeardandshouldnot
smokeorbeMusbil(onewholengthensandtrailsclothingbelowtheankles).Moreover,they
havetosetagoodexampleinselectingagoodstyleinspeakingandselectingtheirwords,
theyshouldsetagoodexampleineverygoodquality

(PartNo:7,PageNo:288)

tobetakenasagoodexampleinalloftheircircumstanceswhenandwherevertheyarein
teaching,onroad,intheMasjid,athome,orinairplanes,ships,orcars.Theyshouldbeknown
fortheirgoodmanners,righteousdeeds,andtheirmoderatestyle.Actingaccordingtothis
standardmodelisobligatoryonreligiousfiguresandteachers.

Itisalsoobligatoryonrulers,becauseeveryonesuperiorofficer,accordingtothegravityof
theirresponsibility,mustsetgoodexamplestobeimitated,especiallyscholarsastheyarethe
civilleadersofpeopleandthevicegerentsofMessengers.Whoeverisinahighpostamonghis
peoplelikethechiefofthetribe,Emirs,peopleinchargeinhospitals,dispensaryoranyother
officehavetosetagoodexampleforpeoplethroughtheirgoodbehavior.Theyshouldalso
refrainfromdoingeviltoothers.Seniorstaffmanagementphysiciansshouldsetagood
examplefortheirjuniorsbygoingearlytocongregationalprayers,growingtheirbeardsand
speakinginagoodmannerusingagoodstylefreefromobscenitytoforcetheiremployeesto
imitatethem.Juniorsshouldimitatetheirseniorsinbehavingwell,beingofgoodmanners,
andingoingearlytocongregationalprayerandsoon.Everymaninchargeshouldinvestigate
everygoodmannertosetagoodexampleforotherswhereverheisinhiscar,aplane,or
ship.Heisallowedtoshowhisgooddeeds,Taqwa(fearingAllahasHeshouldbefeared),and
usefulreligiousknowledgetomakepeopleaskandbenefitfromtakinghimasanexample.

Q5:

TherehavebeenmanyquestionsaboutRiba(usury),especiallyaboutsomecompanieslike
theCompanyofMakkahforConstructionandDevelopmentandthecompanyofAlQasimfor
InvestmentinAgriculture.Peopleaskispossessingsharesincompaniesliketheseconsidered
Ribaornot? www.ircpk.com
(PartNo:7,PageNo:289)

A:

WedonotknowforsurethatTaybaCompanyandMakkahandothercompanieshavelegal
impediments,whichpreventpeoplefrombeingpartnerswiththem.Yet,wearealways
informedthatmanycompaniesinvesttheirmoneyinRibaviabanks.Wesincerelyadvise
thosewhodealinthiswaytoabandonthesesinfulpracticesandtoinvestinlegally
permissiblebusinesswithoutRiba.CompaniesdealinginRibamustbeavoidedandmustnot
becooperatedwithspecificallyinthedealingsmadethroughRiba.Ifanyoneknowsthe
amountofRiba,whichisincreasedinhisfortune,heshouldpay10%or20%ormoreorless
tothepooruntilhisfortuneispurefromRiba.

EverycompanymustfearAllahandtakegreatcarenottodealinRibainalltheirdealings,
becauseAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)forbidsRibaandremovesblessingduetoit.He
(GlorifiedbeHe)says: whereasAllhhaspermittedtradingandforbiddenRib(usury). He(GlorifiedbeHe)also
says: AllhwilldestroyRib(usury)andwillgiveincreaseforSadaqt(deedsofcharity,alms,etc.) Ribaisvoidof
blessing,sooneshouldbewareofit.AllcompaniesthecompanyofMakkah,thecompanyof
Madinah,thecompanyof A lQasim,andanyothercompanymustfearAllah.Theirchairmenand
managersshouldalsofearAllahandtakegreatcaretomaketheirbusinessandtransactions
inaccordancetotheIslamicShari'ah.Theyshouldaskreligiousscholarsaboutambiguous
casestoenlightenthemandgivethemdeepinsight.Theyshouldinvesttheirfortuneinlegally
permissibletransactionswhetherincashoroncredit.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:290)

Theycanbuytheirgoodsincashandselloncreditorbuydifferentkindsofcurrenciesandsell
theminexchangeofothercurrenciesonthebasisofhandtohandexchangeofcashwithan
interest,iftheyaredifferentinkind.

Currenciesmustnotbesoldexceptlikeforlikeandwithoutdifferentiatingamongthem,if
currenciesaredissimilarsuchasexchangingRiyalsforDollarsorSterlings,itispermissibleif
itishandtohandandisdeliveredatthetimeofthecontract,eveniftheyarenotthesamein
quantity.LegalmeansofIslamictransactionsareavailableenoughAllpraisesandthanksbe
toAllhandpeoplearenotobligedtodealinRibabutitisSatanwhocallsthemtodealin
RibaandtemptsthembythequickinterestofRiba.MayAllahkeepusallsafeofwhatbrings
Hiswrath!.

Q6:

TherearemanyquestionsonRibaoneofthemisavoidingreceivingsalariesfromusurious
banks.WhatistheopinionofYourEminence?

A:

Thereisnothingwrongwithreceivingsalariesviathebank,becauseemployeesdonot
deposittheminRibabasedbanksrather,peopleinchargesavetheminbanksuntilthetime
ofpayingsalariesisdue.Thesameistruewithregardtomoneytransferredfromacityto
anotheroracountrytoanotherviabanks.Thereisnothingwrongwithallthesetransactions
becauseoftheurgentnecessityforthem.Whatisprohibitedisdealingorhelpingothersin
dealinginRiba,butsavingone'smoneywithoutdealinginRibainbanksbecauseofurgent
needlikenotfindingawellsecuredplaceoranyothercause,ortransferringthemviabanksis
notwronginshaaAllah(ifAllahwills).Yet,itwouldbebetterifgovernmentsdonottransfer
thesalariesoftheiremployeesthroughRibabasedbanks,whichwouldbebetterand
Islamicallymoresound.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:291)

Q7:

WhatistherulingontravelingtononMuslimcountriesjustforstudy?

A:

TravelingtononMuslimcountriesiscriticallydangerous,sowarningagainstitisnecessary
exceptincasesofextremenecessity,accordingtowhattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
said: IamnotresponsibleforanyMuslimwhostaysamongpolytheists. Itisadanger,againstwhichwarningis
necessary.GovernmentsshouldnotsendpeopletononMuslimcountriesexceptincasesof
extremenecessity.Greatcareshouldbetakenthatthosewhoareallowedtotraveltonon
Muslimcountriesshouldbewelllearned,goodandpiouscitizens.Thereshouldbeasupervisor
withthosedelegatedstudentstotakecareofthem.Itisalsopermissible,iftheyaresent
thereasDu'ahtoAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)forpropagatingIslamamongnonMuslims,sinceitis
legallynecessaryandthereisnothingwrongwithit.
www.ircpk.com
SendingyouthtononMuslimcountrieswithoutmeetingtheconditionsmentionedaboveor
freelyallowingthemtotravelthereisMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableordisapprovedof
byIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)andinvolvesgreatrisks.Thetraveloftraders
tothesecountriesisalsoextremelyrisky,sincethesecountriesarecountriesofShirk
(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)inwhichbothkindsofshirkmajor
Shirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)andminorShirk(associating
otherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship),sins,andcorruptionareabundantlyavailable.
ManiseasilyexposedtothedangersofSatan,hisdesiresandlusts,andbadfriends.Great
attentionmustbepaidtothistopic.

Q8:

WhatisyouropiniononextremeestimationoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)totheextent
thatsomepeoplesaytheProphetistheFirst(nothingisbeforehim)andtheLast(nothingis
afterhim),theMostHigh(nothingisabovehim)andtheMostNear(nothingisnearerthan
him)?WhatisyouropiniononsuchbeliefsintheProphet(peacebeuponhim)?

A:

TheFirst(nothingisbeforeHim)andtheLast(nothingisafterHim),theMostHigh(nothingis
aboveHim)andtheMostNear(nothingisnearerthanHim)isAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)WhosaysinSurah(Qur'anicchapter)AlHadid(TheIron): HeistheFirst(nothingisbeforeHim)and
theLast(nothingisafterHim),theMostHigh(nothingisaboveHim)andtheMostNear(nothingisnearerthanHim).AndHeistheAll
Knowerofeverything.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:292)

TheProphethimself(peacebeuponhim)saidinhisDu`a'(supplication): OAllah,YouaretheFirst,
thereisnothingbeforeYou,andYouaretheLastandthereisnothingafterYou,andYouareEvidentandthereisnothingaboveYou,
andYouareInnermostandthereisnothingbeyondYou.Removetheburdenofdebtfromusandrelieveusfromwant. Related
byImamMusliminhisSahih.

WhoeversaysthattheProphetistheFirst,theLast,theMostHigh,theMostNearandthathe
istheAllKnowerofeverythingisaKafir(disbeliever)becausehegivestheProphet(peace
beuponhim)fourattributableNamesofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)whichcannever
beattributedtoordeservedbyanycreature.Nosanepersonsayssuchnonsensical
utterances.TheFirstandtheMostHighisAllah(ExaltedbeHe)alone,fornothingwasbefore
HimandnothingisafterHim(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).HeistheMostHigh(nothingis
aboveHimofHiscreatures)andtheEverlasting,Whoknowseveryone'saffairswhilethe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)doesnotknowanythingexceptwhatAllahhastaughthim.The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)hasdied,hewasfirstcreatedafterhewasnothingandwas
destinedtobeborninMakkahahumanbeingthroughthemarriageofhismotherAminahandhis
father`Abdullah.Hewasnothingbeforethat,thenhewascreatedfromdespisedwater(semen)
andsowereallhumans.Whoeversaysthathe(theProphet)wastheFirst(nothingisbefore
him)andtheLast(nothingisafterhim),theMostHigh(nothingisabovehim)andtheMost
Near(nothingisnearerthanhim)isdeviantandaMurtad(apostate)ifheisoriginallya
Muslim.

Q9:

Canyougiveusadviceonhowwecanspendourvacationandwhatisyouradvicetoallour
brothers?

A:

IadviseallmybrotherstooccupytheirvacationswithwhatpleasesAllahlikememorizingthe
GloriousQur'an,recitingitcontinuously,andgoingtothepubliclibrarytoreadandattend
scholarlylecturesandfruitfulpresentations,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:293)

andtohelponeanotherinAlbirr(righteousness)andTaqwa(fearingAllahasHeshouldbe
feared),mutualadviceofstickingtoAlHaqqandbeingpatientonstickingtoit.Theyshould
paymutualvisitsforthesakeofAllahalloverthecountry,sinceitisachancethatshouldbe
spentingooddeeds.

ThebestthingonecandoistopaymoreattentiontotheGloriousQur'anthroughmemorizing,
recitingandfullyunderstandingit.Moreover,onecanreadusefulbooksandmemorizesome
ofthemorsomeusefulsyllabilikethebooksofAlTawhid(BeliefintheOnenessofAllah/
Monotheism),BulughAlMaram(AttainmentoftheObjective),'UmadatAlHadith(Mainstays
ofHadith),Al'AqidahAlWasitiyyah(CreedofWasit)andAlArba'inAlNawawyah(TheForty
HadithscompliedbyImamAlNawawy)anditssequelcompiledbyIbnRajabwhomadethem
fiftyHadithsofJawami`AlKalim(themostconciseexpressionscarryingthemosteloquent
meanings).ThesefiftyHadithsmustbememorizedalongwithlookinguptheirexplanationby
IbnRajab(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim).Itwouldbebettertovisitreligiousscholarsduring
theholidaysandaskingthemaboutwhatisnotclearinreligiousfieldsofknowledge.May www.ircpk.com
Allahgrantusallsuccess,guidance,sincereintentionsandgooddeeds!Thereisneithermight
norpowerexceptwithAllah!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:294)

InvitingtoAllahwithkindness,wisdom,

andfairpreaching

AllpraiseandthanksareduetoAllh,theLordoftheAlamn(mankind,jinn,andallthat
exists).MaypeacebeuponHisservant,Messenger,andProphetwhomAllahentrustedwith
Hisrevelation,ourprophet,ImamandmasterMuhammadbinAbdullah,anduponhis
companions,family,andwhoeverfollowshisguidancetilltheLastDay.

IthankAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)forgivingmethisopportunitytoattendthis
meetingwithmybrotherswhopreachtheDu`ahi.e.inviterstoAllah,andImamsofMasjids
intheHolyHouseofAllahtoadviseoneanotherandrecommendtothetruthandcooperatein
doinggoodnessandpiety.WelistenedtospeechoftheGeneralSecretaryforAwarenesson
theinviterstoAllah,theirworkandthegreatgoodtheyhaveachieved.Theyincludethose
whoenjointhegoodandforbidtheevilandtheircooperationwithgovernmentalbodies.We
werereallypleasedwiththat.WethankAllahandaskHimtoprovideallwithguidance,
success,andassistance,andmakeusallchannelstogoodandeliminatorsofevil.MayAllah
guidethemandreformtheirheartsanddeeds!

(PartNo:7,PageNo:295)

Undoubtedly,itisobligatoryuponusalltocooperateinrighteousnessandpiety.Similarly,
Du`ahhavetocooperatewiththosewhoenjointhegoodandforbidtheevil.Governmental
bodiesalsohavetocooperatewitheveryoneinthismatter,ascooperationingoodnessand
pietyresultsingreatgood,andachievesthemissionandobjectivesintended.Thanksaredue
toAllahforthat.

ThedetailedaddressofShaykhMuhammadIbn`AbdullahIbnSabiltheGeneralPresidentoftheHoly
MosqueandProphet'sMosqueAffairsontheDa`wahtoAllahandDu`ah.Itwasagood
address.Thegeneralpresidentexplainedindetailswhatisnecessary.Iconfirmhis
declarationthatDu`ahhavetoenjointhegood,forbidtheevilkindly,withnotoughness.
Likewise,preachersshouldchoosethewayneededtoattainwhatisrequired,removetheevil,
moveheartstowardsthegood,andmakethemhatewhatisevil.Thereisnodoubtthat
preachershavetoinvitetothegood,carryoutwhatAllahcommands,forbidwhatAllah
forbids,anddosoinallpossiblewaysandmeans.

WealsolistenedtotheaddressoftheShaykhSa`idIbnMusfirabouttheDu`ah.Inthisaddress,
theshaykhpointedoutclearlywhatisneededtobeclarified(mayAllahrewardandbless
him).NooneignoresthefactthatinvitingtoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)isthedutyof
messengersandtheirfollowersinfairness.IntheirinvitationtoAllah,theypaidmuch
attentionandcheckedwhatisgoodandwhatisbad.Theydidtheirbesttoachievewhatis
goodandpushawaytheevil.Theyinsistedonbearingcalamities,astheyarethemostpatient
ofallpeople

(PartNo:7,PageNo:296)

andtheyarethemostafflictedpeopleandthebestexamplesineverything.

Du`ah,preachers,others,princes,andrulershavetobepatientinthisregardandfulfilltheir
dutyintheirwordsanddeeds.Theyhavetomakeprioritiesandpaymuchattentiontowhat
peopleneedintheirreligionandlife,warnagainstthespreadofevilandillegalsexual
intercourse.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Verily,thosewholikethat(thecrimeof)illegalsexual
intercourseshouldbepropagatedamongthosewhobelieve,theywillhaveapainfultormentinthisworldandintheHereafter. Up
totheendoftheAyah(Qur'anicverse)ofSuratAlNur.

TheProphet(peaceandblessingsbeuponhim)said, "Whoeverconceals(thedefectsof)aMuslim,Allahwill
concealhim(hisdefects)inthisworldandintheHereafter''. ReportedbyImamMusliminhisSahih.Itisnecessary
toprohibittheexistenceofthesethings,warnagainstdoingthem,urgingpeopletorepent
fromthem,urgethemtoapplyAllah'sCommandsandtohastenindoingso.Ifthebeliever
knowsthataMuslimcommitsasin,hehastoadvisehiminsecret,directtheadvicetothe
peopleingeneral,andadvisethepeopleandshowthemwhatAllahforbids.

InviterstoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)whethertheyarepreachers,publicspeakers,lecturer,or
thosewhoenjoingoodandforbidevilhavetopayattentionintheirDa`wahtowhatachieves
therequirementsandinvitetothegoodandforbidtheevil.Itiswellknownthatdenyingevil
hasfourranks:
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First:Toremovetheevilwithlegalways.Thismustbedoneassoonaspossible.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:297)

Second:Todecreaseitbutitisnotremovedcompletely.Thisstageshouldalsobedoneas
soonaspossiblelikethepreviousone.

T h i r d : Toremovetheevilbutanotherequaleviltakesplace.Thisstageisapointof
controversy.Ifoneperceivesthatifheremovesthisevil,theevilthatwouldreplaceitwould
beless,heshouldremoveitbutifnot,hehastostop.

Fourth:Toremovetheevilbutanotherworseeviltakesplace.Inthiscase,oneshouldnot
prohibitit,asthatwouldresultinworseevilsuchasprohibitingasinthatleadstofallinginto
majorShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)orprohibitingdrinking
winethatwouldresultinmurder.

TheencyclopedicscholarIbnAlQayyim(mayAllahforgivehim)pointsoutthesefourphasesinhis
bookIghathatAlLahfan.IfanyonecontemplatestheHolyBookandtheSunnah,hewillknow
thistruth.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Andinsultnotthosewhomthey(disbelievers)worship
besidesAllh,lesttheyinsultAllhwrongfullywithoutknowledge. (SurahAlAn'am:6:108).Itmeansthattheone
whoenjoinsandcommandshastoconsiderwhatisclosertogoodandfurtherfromevil.

Inthisregard,oneshouldnotpreoccupyhimselfwithpeople'sdefectswhethertheyarebigor
small.Onehastomindonlytheexistentevils,warnagainstthem,andcallpeopletoremove
themwithwisdomandagoodwaytoeliminatethem.So,onehastomentiontheexistentevil
andcalltheorganization

(PartNo:7,PageNo:298)

andtheinviterstoAllahtodenouncethat.Heshouldcallthesocietytodenounceitandwarn
againstsuchthingslikeusury,drinkingalcohol,Ghibah(backbiting),Namimah(talebearing),
freeintermixing(ofmenandwomen),listeningtosongs,playing,andotherexistingevilssuch
aslingeringtoperformthecongregationalprayers,filialingratitude,cuttingthetiesof
kinship,hurtingneighbors,andotherthingsthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger
(peaceandblessingsbeuponhim)forbid.

Insomecountries,itisnotwiseforDu`ahtostartwithdenouncingtheevilbyhandbutitis
bettertocommunicatefirstwiththoseincharge,arguewiththem,andinvitethemtoAllahso
thattheywouldremovetheevil.Du`ahshallspreadinthesociety,andadvise,anddirect
peoplesothatthegovernmentwouldnotsendthemtojail,hurt,ortorturethembutitshould
helpthemtospreadtheDa`wahtoAllahwithwisdomandfairpreachingandtoargueina
waythatisbetter.Inthisway,theDu`ahtoAllahshallkeeptheiractivityandstrengthin
invitingtoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).

Killing,beating,orinsultingpeopleareactsagainstwhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says.They
causemanyproblemsandresultinloosingtime.TheyopposeAllah'ssaying, Invite(mankind,O
Muhammad)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)and
fairpreaching,andarguewiththeminawaythatisbetter. TotheendoftheAyahofSurahAlNahl.Allahalso
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, AndbytheMercyofAllh,youdealtwiththemgently.Andhadyoubeensevere
andharshhearted,theywouldhavebrokenawayfromaboutyou ThisverseisinSurahAl`Imran.SoaDa`yi.e.a
callertoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),shouldfollowthewayof

(PartNo:7,PageNo:299)

theProphet(peacebeuponhim),hiscompanions,andfollowersinfairness(mayAllahbe
pleasedwiththem).TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stayedinMakkahAlMukarramahforthirteen
yearsinwhichheneverpunishedorkilledanyone.HeinvitedtoAllah(GlorifiedandExalted
beHe)alongwithhiscompanionswithwisdomandfairpreaching.Hedidnotdenouncethe
evilthatmayleadtoFitnah(sedition)andevil.Hedidnotbeat,kill,orsendtoprisonanyone
tillAllah(ExaltedbeHe)madehimtakeoveraftertheemigrationtoMadinahandwhenhewent
t oMakkahtoperform`Umrahandtheypreventedhim.Hechosethebestwayandacceptedto
makepeacewithQurayshtoattainthegreatandbestoutcome.So,heagreedwiththemtoa
matterthatMuslimscouldnotbear.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)waspatientinthis
regardinordertoattainthebenefitforallMuslimsandforanyonewhowouldliketoembrace
Islam.Likewise,theDu`ahshouldtaketheProphet(peaceandblessingsbeuponhim)as
theirgoodexample.

ThankstoAllah,weareinaMuslimcountrythatenjoinsthegood,forbidsthebad,invitesto
Allah,andapplyHisShari`ah.Sothepeopleshouldcooperatewithittodothegood,forbid
thebad,andremoveevilswiselyandsincerely.Theyhavetoworkardentlytohealthe
situationsneededtobetackledinlegalwaysasmuchaspossiblebetweenusandrulers(may
Allahguidethem)throughwritingandspeechincooperationwithscholars.Du`ahinall
countrieshavetotackledifferentconditionsthatgoagainstthepureShari`ahinwisdom,
goodway,andfairpreaching.Theyshouldalsocooperatewithrulerstodogood,recommend
topatienceinagentleway,andcooperatewiththecountrysothattheDu`ahwouldnotbe www.ircpk.com
hurtandthattheinvitationtoAllahwouldnotbedelayed.InvitingtoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
shouldbeinaway

(PartNo:7,PageNo:300)

thatisgoodandtocooperatetodothegoodandpietyasthewaytoremovetheevilor
reduceit.InvitingpeopletoresorttoShari`ahforjudgmentisthemostnecessarymatterin
thisregard.Thisistheonlywaytostriveforgoodtreatmentandreformevenifonlysome
aimsareattained.Somegoodmayhappenandthegovernmentthattheyblamemay
cooperateandreduceevilandmakethegoodabundant.

Sowisdomisnecessaryininvitingwithknowledge.Knowledgeinvitespeopletobegentleand
togiveprioritytothebestandthemostimportantandthentowhatisnexttoit.

Ifinvitingpeopletoremoveevilwouldresultinworseevil,itmustnotbedone.Itshouldalso
notdoanythingthatwouldleadtoanotherworsething.Onemustseektodomoregoodand
reduceevil,keepawayfromworseanddangerousevilsthatmayleadtomajorShirk
(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)inyourcountryorothers,with
presidentsandrulers,princesorothers.Itisamusttocooperatewiththeminremovingthe
evil,reducingitandremovingwhatisagainsttheShari`ahasmuchaspossible.Wehaveto
workaccordingAllah'sBookandtoHisProphet'sSunnah,tobeguidedbythemandtoconsult
oneanother.Ifwefindanythingdifficult,wehavetodiscussitcollectivelyandreportitto
thoseinhigherrankstoremovetheevilandhelpthegoodprevail.

Advisingoneanotherandcooperationonlyresultinthegood.Hastinessleadsonlytomore
mistakes.We,knowledgeseekers,inviterstoAllah,andthosewhoenjointhegoodandforbid
theevil,havetofindthebestmeanstoreachthegoodandchoosethebestwaysinour
enjoiningtheright,forbiddingthewrong,invitingtoAllah,andinallourconducttoplease
AllahandcomeclosertoHimtoattainwhatisrequiredto

(PartNo:7,PageNo:301)

pleaseAllah,removetheevil,andattainthegood.Wehavetobekeenondoingthat,
cooperateindoingit,andcompeteinthisregard.Ifthereisanecessityforpower,thematter
mustbereportedtothoseinchargetoremovethismatterandfollowittillitdisappears.

IadvisemybrothersinthiscountryandeverywheretofollowthewayoftheProphet(peace
andblessingsbeuponhim)andhiscompanionsinwordanddeedandtobegoodexamplein
theirwordsanddeeds,tostartasgoodexamplesineverygoodandtoforbideveryevilso
thattheywouldbeapracticalexampleintheirdeeds,conditions,ethics,gentility,mercy,and
benevolence.Theyhavetopayattentiontothismatter.Theyshouldbegentle,foritisbetter
tomistakenlyletpeopleescapepunishmentthantopunishthemunjustly.

MayAllahguideeveryonetousefulknowledge,gooddeeds,andmakeheartsanddeedsgood!
MayAllahguideallpreachersandscholarseverywheretothebest,providethemwithmore
faithandknowledge,andguidetheirleaderstoallthatpleasesAllah,maketheiradvisors
good,keepthemawayfromanyevil,makethemguided,guidethemtojudgebyIslamiclaw,
removewhoeverhatesorrefusesthat,andreplacethemwithbetterthanthem!Allahis
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)theAllGenerous,AllGracious.Maypeaceandblessingsbeupon
Muhammad,hisfamily,andcompanions!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:302)

Givingadviceisnotslander

AllpraisebetoAllah,andpeaceandblessingsbeuponHisMessenger,hisfamily,hisCompanions,and
thosewhofollowhisguidance.

Toproceed:

IthankAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)forthisgatheringwithbrothersinIslamwhoadvise,helpand
recommendoneanothertorighteousness,Taqwa(fear/waryofoffendingAllah)andAlHaqq(theTruth)
andabidebyit.ItisknownthatAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)didnotcreateanythinginvainor
withoutpurpose,butHecreatedallcreaturestoworshipandglorifyHimandtoabidebyHisPurifiedShar`
(Law).HepromisedthemthatiftheycomplywithHisPurifiedShar`(Law),Hewould,inthisworldlylife,
supportthemwithHisVictory,forgivethem,andgrantthemsafetyintheirhomelandsandguidanceto
goodness.HealsopromisedtogivethemgreatThawab(rewardfromAllah)andblessingsintheHereafter.
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: AndI(Allh)creatednotthejinnandmankindexceptthattheyshouldworshipMe(Alone). I
seeknotanyprovisionfromthem(i.e.provisionforthemselvesorforMycreatures)nordoIaskthattheyshouldfeedMe(i.e.feed
themselvesorMycreatures). Verily,AllhistheAllProvider,OwnerofPower,theMostStrong.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)createdallhisCreaturesfor`Ibadah(worship)whichmeansfull
obediencetoHimandtoHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).Theheadof`IbadahisTawhid(beliefinthe
OnenessofAllah),compliancewithHisShari`ah(Islamiclaw)

(PartNo:7,PageNo:303)

andrefrainingfromwhatHeprohibitsofShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship).
AllahnamedobedienceandTawhidtoHim'`Ibadah'becauseitmeanshumblingoneself,submission,and
followingorders.

ThatiswhyArabsusethephrase'tareeqmu`abbad'todescribeasmoothpath.`IbadahisobeyingAllah
andHisMessengerwithallduehumbleness,submissionandyieldingthroughwhichtheworshipperhopes
forAllah'sMercyandfearsHisTorment.

Assaidearlier,theheadandessentialpillarof`IbadahisTawhidtoAllahandbeingsinceretoHimAlonein
allactsof`IbadahsuchaswhenmakingDu`a'(supplication)toHim,fearingHimandhopingforHisMercy,
fasting,praying,slaughtering,vowingandthelike.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: AndyourLordhasdecreedthatyou
worshipnonebutHim. He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: You(Alone)weworship,andYou(Alone)weaskforhelp(foreach
andeverything). He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Andtheywerecommandednot,butthattheyshouldworshipAllh,and
worshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim). Thisisthemeaningof'LailahaillaAllah'(there
isnodeitybutAllah)thisstatementindicatesthatnoneisworthyof`IbadahbutAllah.

ItdeniesthatanyoneotherthanAllahhastherighttobeworshippedandaffirmsthatthisistherightof
AllahAlone.Therefore,whateverisworshipedapartfromAllahsuchasidols,stones,graves,angels,
prophets,etc.,isBatil(nullandvoid)becausenoneisworthyof`IbadahbutAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He).Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: ThatisbecauseAllhHeistheTruth(theonlyTrueGodofallthatexists,
WhohasnopartnersorrivalswithHim),andwhatthey(thepolytheists)invokebesidesHim,itisBtil(falsehood). Thisisthe
denotationof'LailahaillaAllah'thatmeansTawhidtoAllah,absolutesinceritytoHimAloneandbelieving
that`IbadahistherightofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)AloneandHehasnopartnerinit.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:304)

ThisisinadditiontotestifyingthatMuhammadistheSlaveofAllahandHisMessengerandheistheLast
andthebestoftheprophetsalongwithbelievinginallwhatAllahandHisMessengerinformedusof:
believinginallprophetsandinalltheissuesrelatedtoresurrection,Jannah(Paradise),hellfire,reckoning,
recompenseandreward.AllthisfallsunderbeliefinAllah.

Therefore,eachMukallaf(personmeetingtheconditionstobeheldlegallyaccountablefortheiractions)has
tobelieveinAllahandHisMessenger,abidebyAllah'sShar`,besinceretoHimAloneinallactsof`Ibadah
andrefrainfromwhatHeprohibitsofsayings,deedsorbeliefs.ThisistheDin(religion)ofIslamthatAllah
accepts.

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Thisday,Ihaveperfectedyourreligionforyou,completedMyFavoruponyou,andhavechosenfor
youIslmasyourreligion. IslamentailssubmissionanddevotiontoAllah,compliancewithHisShar`and
abandoningwhatHeprohibits.TheheadofthisisTawhidtoAllahandbeingsinceretoHimAlonejustas
whatHe(ExaltedbeHe)saysaboutHisrighteousworshippersfromamongImams(piouspeople)andthe
chosengoodpeople: Verily,theyusedtohastenontodogooddeeds,andtheyusedtocallonUswithhopeandfear.

www.ircpk.com
SoeachMukallafofmankindandjinnshouldworshipAllahtrulyandsincerely,submittoHisShar`,
recommendoneanothertoAlHaqqandabidingbyitandgiveadvicetooneanotherbecausereligionis
sincerityofadviceforall.MukallafshavetohelponeanothertoreachrighteousnessandTaqwaaccordingto
whatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says: HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,righteousnessandpiety). He
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays:

(PartNo:7,PageNo:305)

ByAl Asr(thetime). Verily,manisinloss, Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,


andrecommendoneanothertothetruth[i.e.orderoneanothertoperformallkindsofgooddeeds(AlMaruf)whichAllhhas
ordained,andabstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeeds(AlMunkar)whichAllhhasforbidden],andrecommendoneanotherto
patience(forthesufferings,harms,andinjurieswhichonemayencounterinAllhsCauseduringpreachingHisreligionofIslmic
MonotheismorJihd).

Thesearetherighteousandtheblessedwhiletherestarethelosers.Noworshipperfromamongthejinnor
mankindcanattainsafetyorhappinessexceptbyabidingbytheDinofAllah(ExaltedbeHe),doinggood
deeds,performingtheFaridahs(obligatoryacts)ordainedbyAllah,abandoningwhatHeprohibits,
r e c o m m e n d i n g o n e a n o t h e r t o A lHaqq,helpingoneanotherinrighteousnessandTaqwaand
recommendingoneanothertopatienceandtoperformingMa`ruf(thatwhichisjudgedasgood,beneficial,
orfittingbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)andabstainingfromMunkar(thatwhichis
unacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)forthisfallsunder
recommendingoneanothertoAlHaqq.Mankindshouldknowthevalueofthisblessingtheyarecreatedfor
itistheblessingofIslam,thegreatestblessingeverbestowed.

SinceAllahhasguidedaworshippertoIslam,theyhaveobtainedthegreatestblessingthatAllahever
bestowedonthem.TheyhavetoknowthevalueofsuchablessingandthankAllahforitjustasHe(Exalted
beHe)says: Say:IntheBountyofAllh,andinHisMercy(i.e.IslmandtheQurn)thereinletthemrejoice.Thatisbetter
thanwhat(thewealth)theyamass. Allah'sBountyisIslamandHisMercyisguidingapersontoit.Moreover,itis
byAllah'sGraceandMercythatHehasgiventhechargeofthiscountrytoanIslamicgovernmentthat
attendstothereligiousandworldlyaffairs,ensuressafety,observesenjoiningMa`ruf,forbiddingMunkar,
rulesaccordingtoHisShari`ah(Islamiclaw)andprohibitswhatHeandHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)
prohibit.

SurelythisisoneofAllah'sgreatestblessings.AllpraisebetoAllah,thesehavebeentheprinciplesalways
heldbythiscountry,itsancestorsandMuslimscholarssincethetimeofShaykhMuhammadibn`AbdulWahhab

(PartNo:7,PageNo:306)

(mayAllahbemercifultohim)andthetimeofImamMuhammadibnSaud(mayAllahbemercifultohim).
Da`wah(calling)toAllah,Tawhid,recommendingtoAlHaqqandabidancebyit,havebeentheManhaj
(methodology)ofthiscountry,itsancestorsanditsscholarsingoodtimesandbadandunderall
circumstances.Therefore,itisWajibtothankAllahforsuchblessingsandrecommendoneanotherto
observethem,calltothemamongscholars,rulers,therich,thepublicandtheelite.

AlltheseareblessingsthatweshouldadviseoneanothertothankAllahforinadditiontoabidingbyand
callingtothem.WeshouldhelponeanotherinrighteousnessandTaqwa,recommendoneanothertoAl
Haqqandabidingbyit,enjoinMa`ruf,forbidMunkarandcalltotheWayofAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)Who
ordersusto: Invite(mankind,OMuhammadpeacebeuponhim)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withthe
DivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewiththeminawaythatisbetter.

However,givingadviceshouldbeinagoodmanner,usefulwritingandhelpfulspeechesnotbyexposing
people'sdefects,slanderingthemorcriticizingthestateontheMinbar(pulpit)andthelike.Itshouldbe
donebymakingeveryefforttoputanendtoevilandmaintaingoodinwisewaysandbythemeansthatare
pleasingtoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).Wetrulyenjoygreatblessings:thatofIslam,safetyand
soundhealthinadditiontothegreatblessingthatAllahbestoweduponusduringthesecondGulfWarfollowing
theattackofAllah'senemy,SaddamandhissoldierswhentheyinvadedKuwait.Allahhelpedourcountryto
playavitalroleinthisregardandexertgreateffortstoendinjustice.ItsoughtHissupportthenthesupport
ofmultinationaltroops,whichhelpedputanendtosuchinjustice.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:307)

AllthiswasbythesuccessandguidancegrantedbyAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)thatHemadepeoplegatherto
fightagainstinjusticeandaggressionuntilAllahputanendtotheoppressorandhelpedtheoppressed
returntotheirhomelandthisisoneofthegreatestblessingsofAllah.

Therefore,wehavetothankAllahforHisnumerousBlessings,acquirereligiousknowledge,helpone
anotherinrighteousnessandTaqwa,adviseeachotherabouttheDinofAllah,recommendoneanotherto
A lHaqqandabidingbyitandpraiseAllahforallHisBlessings.

Moreover,thestate,scholarsandthepublicshouldthankAllahandfulfilltheirdutiestowardsHim,
recommendoneanothertoHisObedience,abidebyHisOrdersandworkonrefiningthemselves.Weshould
maintainandobservewhateverispleasingtoAllahandrefrainfromandwarnpeopleagainstwhatever
angersHim(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).

ThedutyofthestateistoabandonwhatAllahprohibits,fulfillwhatHeenjoinsandabidesbyHisShari`ah.
ThedutyofscholarsandrulersistoadoptDa`wah,clarifyreligiousmatters,makepeoplehopeforAllah's www.ircpk.com
MercyandfearHim.Allstakeholders,whethertheyarerich,chiefs,corporatesorthepublichavetoadopt
Da`wahthroughgoodadvice,reflectontheirdeedsandstruggleagainsttheirinnerdesiresuntileachof
thembecomesagoodexampleinobeyingAllahandHisMessenger.Thisappliestoallpeopleandnotonly
tothestate.ThedutyofthestateistofearAllah,trulyfulfillitsdutiestowardsHim,refrainfromwhatHe
prohibits,keeptotheStraightWay,anddetertheoppressorsfromoppressingthroughShar`ymeans.

Eachpersonshouldalwaysconsidertheirdeeds,fearAllahandobserveAmanah(honesty,trust,and
obedience).

(PartNo:7,PageNo:308)

Theyshouldavoidinjusticeandaggression,dotheirbestintrulyobeyingAllahandHisMessenger,and
recommendoneanothertoAlHaqqandabidingbyit.ThisisWajibuponallMuslims,therich,thepoor,
rulersandscholars.Eachofthemhastofulfilltheirownduties.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Sokeepyourduty
toAllhandfearHimasmuchasyoucan.

ThisisWajibuponallMu'mins(believers),menandwomen.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: The
believers,menandwomen,areAuliy (helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanother. TheyallareWaliys
(guardians)ofoneanother.TheyshouldnotcommitGhibah(backbiting),bearfalsewitnessagainst,do
wrongtoorclaimfalseallegationsagainstoneanother.Theywillbeshirkingtheirdutiesiftheydonot
recommendandhelponeanotherinrighteousnessandTaqwa,adheretotheDinofAllahinwordsand
deedsandmaintainTawbah(repentance)toAllah(GlorifiedbeHe).

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: enjoiningAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo)andforbidding
A lMunkar(polytheismanddisbeliefandallthatIslmhasforbidden). Thismeanstosupportoneanotherbygiving
advice,guidance,enjoiningMa`rufandkeepingawayfromthecausesofdisagreementandenmity,from
GhibahandNamimah(talebearing)andfromwhateverAllahprohibitsintheNobleQur`anandSunnah
(acts,sayingsorapprovalsoftheProphet).

EnjoiningMa`rufandforbiddingMunkarareamongthemostimportantdutiesandthegreatestofIslam's
Wajibs.TheyarenotconfinedtoacertaingroupofpeopleratheritisWajibuponallMu'minsaccordingto
whatAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,
protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),and
forbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslmhasforbidden)theyperformAsSalt
(Iqmata sSalt)andgivetheZakt,andobeyAllhandHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).AllhwillhaveHisMercyonthem.
SurelyAllhisAllMighty,AllWise.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:309)

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)clarifiesinthisAyah(Qur'anicverse)thatallMu'mins,menandwomen,areWaliysof
oneanotherthereisnodifferencebetweenaruler,manager,scholar,etc.,orbetweenamaleMu'minanda
femaleone.EachofthemhastheirownWajibtobefulfilledinproportiontotheirknowledgeandabilities.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Oyouwhobelieve!WardoffyourselvesandyourfamiliesagainstaFire(Hell)
whosefuelismenandstones. TheyhavetothankAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)becausetheyliveina
securecountryundertheruleofanIslamicstatethatguidespeopletoAllah,HisBook(Qur'an)andHis
Messenger'steachings,enjoinsMa`ruf,forbidsMunkarandrulesaccordingtoAllah'sShari`ahandwhere
everyindividualcanfreelyperformtheirFaridahstowardsAllah,abstainfromHisprohibitionsand
recommendoneanothertoAlHaqqandabidebyitinsafetyandsoundness.

IaskAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)toimproveourconditions,refineourleadersandguideallMuslimrulerstorule
accordingtoHisShari`ah,abidebyandrecommendoneanothertoit.IalsoaskAllahtograntguidanceto
ourrulers,andtheCustodianoftheTwoHolyMosquesinparticular.IalsoaskHim(GlorifiedbeHe)to
guidethemalltowhatispleasingtoHim,helpthemthankandrememberHim,refinetheirretinues,guide
themtowhatisgood,keepthemawayfromevilandmakethemfromamongthosewhoareguidedand
whocanguide.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:310)

WeaskAllahtograntallMuslimrulerssuccessandguidance,helpthemineverygoodness,guidethemto
whatispleasingtoHimandhelptheminabandoningwhatHe(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)andHis
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)prohibit,insupportingthecallerstoAlHaqqanddeterringtheupholdersof
falsehood.

IaskAllahwithHisMagnificentNamesandSublimeAttributestoguideusalltobeneficialknowledgeand
gooddeedsandsaveusfromtheevilofoursoulsandfromoursinfuldeeds.IalsoaskAllahtoimprove
Muslims'conditionseverywhere,refinetheirleadersandguideMuslimrulerstoruleaccordingtoHis
Shari`ahandabidebyandrecommendoneanothertothismatter.IseekrefugewithAllahfromSatanand
hisinsinuationsandIaskHimtohelpusindoingallformsofgoodnessforHeisGenerousandBountiful.
MayAllahsendHisPeaceandBlessingsuponHisServantandMessenger,ourProphetMuhammadandupon
allofhisfamilyandCompanions.


www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:311)

commentingoncriticismamongDu`ah

PraisebetoAllah,theLordoftheWorlds.MayAllah'speaceandblessingsbeuponourtrustworthyProphet
Muhammad,hisfamily,CompanionsandthosewhofollowhisSunnahuntiltheDayofJudgment.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)ordainsjusticeandvirtueandforbidsinjustice,tyrannyandaggression.
HesentHisProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)withthesameMessageofalltheMessengers,whichis
thecalltoTawhid(monotheism)anddedicating`Ibadah(worship)toAllahAlone.Heaskedhimtoestablish
justiceandforbidanyformof`IbadahdedicatedtoanyoneotherthanAllah,divisionandusurpingpeople's
rights.

IthasbecomeprevalentnowadaysthatmanyofthosewhoclaimtobescholarsandDu`ah(callerstoIslam)
backbitetheirfellowDu`ahandknowledgeseekers,whetherinprivateorinpublic.Theymightevenrecord
thisontapestobedistributedamongthepeople,orinlecturestheygiveinMasjids(mosques).Thisis
contradictorytothecommandmentsofAllahandHisMessengerinmanyways,including:

First,itisconsideredaviolationoftherightsofMuslims,evenscholarsandDu`ahwhohavedonetheir
besttoenlightenpeople

(PartNo:7,PageNo:312)

andcorrecttheir`Aqidahs(creeds),andhaveexertedmucheffortingivinglecturesandwritinguseful
books,sotheyareamongthebestofMuslims.

Second,thisviolatestheunityofMuslimsandspreadsdivisionamongthem,althoughtheyareindireneed
ofunityandstayingawayfromdivisionandrumors,especiallythatDu`ahwhoarebackbitedagainstbelong
toAhlu lSunnahwalJama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody)whoareknown
forfightingBid`ahs(innovationsinreligion)andsuperstitions,andexposingthosewhocalltothem.There
isnointerestforanyonetodothisexceptourenemies,suchasKafirs(disbelievers),hypocrites,orthose
whocommitBid`ahs.

Third,thishelpsbiasedpeople,whethersecularists,westernizersoratheists,whoareknownforspreading
rumorsaboutDu`ahandincitingpeopleagainstthem,inachievingtheiraims.TheIslamicbrotherhood
shouldpreventMuslimsfromhelpingtheenemiesagainsttheirMuslimbrothers,whetherknowledge
seekers,Du`ahorothers.

Fourth,thismisguideslaypeopleandscholarsspreadsfalserumorsleadstoGhibah(backbiting)and
Namimah(talebearing)opensthedoorstoevilforthosewhosesoulsareweak,whospreadrumors,
arouseFitnah(temptation)andharmtheMu'mins(believers)unjustly.

Fifth,mostofthethingsclaimedareuntruetheyarejustillusionsmadepleasantandinspiredbySatan.
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Oyouwhobelieve!Avoidmuchsuspicionindeedsomesuspicionsaresins.Andspynot,neither
backbiteoneanother.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:313)

AMu'minshouldinterpretthewordsoftheirbrothersinthebestpossibleway.SomeoftheSalaf(righteous
predecessors)said,"Donottakeawordsaidbyyourbrotherill,solongasitisopentoabetter
interpretation."

Sixth,ifsomescholarsandknowledgeseekerspracticeIjtihad(juristicefforttoinferexpertlegalrulings),
thereisnoharminthatiftheyarequalifiedforIjtihad.IfothersopposetheminthatIjtihad,theyshould
arguewiththeminamildwayoutofkeennessonreachingAlHaqq(theTruth)fromthenearestwayand
resistingtheinsinuationsofSatanamongtheMu'mins.Ifthisisnotpossible,anditisdecidedthatthey
shouldbepubliclyopposed,thisshouldbedoneinthemildestpossibleway,withoutaggressionorseverity,
whichmightmakethemrefuseAlHaqq,andwithoutattackingthepeopledirectlyorjudgingtheir
intentions.TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)usedtosay,"Iknewthatsomepeoplesaidsoand
so."

IadvisethosebrotherswhohavebackbittenDu`ahtoperformTawbah(repentancetoAllah)ofwhatthey
wroteorsaid,whichmisguidedsomeyoungpeople,filledthemwithgrudges,divertedthemfromseeking
usefulknowledgeandpracticingDa`wah,andoccupiedthemwithspreadingrumorsandtracingthe
mistakesofpeopledeliberately.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:314)

Ialsoadvisethemtoexpiateforwhattheyhavedone,whetherinwritingoranyotherway,toclear
themselvesfromsuchdeedsandremovetheeffectofwhattheysaidearlier.Theyshouldalsoperform www.ircpk.com
usefuldeedsthatbringthemclosertoAllahandbenefitthepeopleandbewareofhasteningtojudge
peopleasKafirs,Fasiqs(peopleflagrantlyviolatingIslamiclaw)orMubtadi`s(thosewhointroduce
innovationsinreligion)withoutevidence.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Whenapersoncallshisbrother
(inIslam)aKafir,oneofthemwillcertainlydeservethetitle. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim).

ItisprescribedforAlHaqqseekersandlearnerstorefertotheeminentscholarsiftheyfacesomething
ambiguousintheirwords,sothattheywillclarifythemattertothemandremovethedoubtstheyhave,
accordingtoAllah'ssayinginSurahAlNisa', Whentherecomestothemsomemattertouching(public)safetyorfear,they
makeitknown(amongthepeople)ifonlytheyhadreferredittotheMessengerortothosechargedwithauthorityamongthem,the
properinvestigatorswouldhaveunderstooditfromthem(directly).HaditnotbeenfortheGraceandMercyofAllhuponyou,you
wouldhavefollowedShaitn(Satan),saveafewofyou.

AllahistheOneresponsibleforsettingrighttheaffairsoftheMuslimsincliningtheirheartstoTaqwa
(fearingAllahasHeshouldbefeared)guidingalltheMuslimscholarsandallthosewhocalltoAlHaqqand
towhatpleasesHimandbenefitsthepeoplegatherthemonguidanceprotectthemfromthemeans
leadingtodispersionanddisagreementandmakethemsupportAlHaqqandnotfalsehood.HeistheOnly
OneCapableofdoingso.MayAllah'speaceandblessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,
CompanionsandthosewhofollowhisguidanceuntiltheDayofJudgment.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:315)

Firstquestion:

Weeksago,YourEminenceissuedadeclarationaboutcriticismamongDu`ah,whichwas
interpretedbypeopleindifferentways.Whatisyouropiniononthis?

A:

PraisebetoAllah,andmayAllah'speaceandblessingsbeupontheMessengerofAllahand
thosewhofollowhisguidance.

Imeantbythementioneddeclarationtogivesomeadvicetomybrothersofscholarsand
Du`ah.Iftheywanttocriticizetheirbrothersinarticles,lecturesorsymposiums,itshouldbe
intheformofobjective,constructivecriticismwithoutmentioningnamesofpeople,asthis
causesenmityandclashesamongthepeople.

IftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)knewthatoneofhisSahabah(Companions)didsomething
contradictorytoShari`ah(Islamiclaw),heusedtosay, Ihaveheardthatsomepeoplesaidsoandso.
Then,heusedtoclarifythecorrectrulingonthis.

Hewasoncetoldthatamansaid,"IshallofferSalah(Prayer)continuouslywithoutsleeping."
Anothermansaid,"IshallobserveSawm(fast)continuouslywithoutbreakingit."Thethird
said,"Ishallnevermarry."TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)gaveaKhutbah(sermon)tothe
people,praisedAllah,andthensaid, Ihaveheardthatsomepeoplesaidsoandso.However,IofferSalahandsleep
tooIobserveSawmandabstain(fromSawm)andIalsomarrywomen.WhoeverturnsawayfrommySunnah(supererogatoryact
ofworshipfollowingtheexampleoftheProphet)hasnorelationwithme.

Imeanthatwarningthepeopleshouldbedoneinthisway,likewhattheProphetsaid,such
as"Somepeoplesaysoandso,butitisprescribed

(PartNo:7,PageNo:316)

todoso."Thus,criticismisdirectedwithouthurtinganyone,butonlyasaformofclarifying
theShar`y(Islamicallylawful)way,sothatloveandaffectionremainamongtheMuslim
brothers,Du`ahandscholars.

IamnotreferringtocertainpeopleIamreferringtoalltheDu`ahandscholars,whetherat
homeorabroad.

Myadvicetoeveryoneistogivemutualadvicetoeachotherimplicitly,notexplicitly.Theaim
istoattracttheirattentiontothemistakecommittedandclarifyAlHaqq,withnoneedto
hurtcertainpeople.MayAllahgranteveryonesuccess!

`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahibnBaz

ChairmanoftheDepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,

Ifta',Daw`ah,andGuidance

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:317)

Apieceofadviceto(CPVPV)toactlenientlyandkindly

F r o m`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaztoHisExcellencythehonorablebrotherthegeneralchairmanofthe
CommitteeforthePropagationofVirtueandthePreventionofVice(CPVPV),mayAllahgranthimsuccess!
Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

KindlyfindtheattachedmessageincludedinthisletterthatIreceivedfromanEgyptianpersonpointingout
themistreatmenthiswifehadatthehandofsomeofficialsofthe(CPVPV)inJaddah.Perusingthismessage,I
hopethatyouadvisethe(CPVPV)inJaddahandotherplacestobelenientandadoptagoodapproachin
repudiatingevilactions,especiallytheissueofexposingthefaceofwomen.Indeed,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)
grantsforkindnessthatwhichHedoesnotgrantforseverity.Definitely,thisisacontroversialissueamong
scholars.Thus,onemustseekleniencyinrepudiatingitandadoptagoodapproachincallingwomento
wearhijab(veil)andthereisnoneedtodemandthepassportorvisaofsuchaladyorobligehertogetinto
thecarandbringhertotheoffice.Thisisespeciallytruewithforeignerswhoaremuchmoreentitledtobe
treatedkindlyduetotheirignoranceofShari`ahandbecausetheyareaccustomedtoexposetheirfacesin
theircountriesexceptthoseonwhomAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasmercy.

MayAllah(mayHebePraised)grantyousuccesstoallthatpleasesHimandhelpyoudoeverygood!Heis
A l lHearer,EverNear.Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,and
Blessingsbeuponyou!)

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:318)

Forbiddingtheevilaccordingtoonesability

Iamagirlwholivesinthestudentsresidence.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)hasguidedmetothe
truth.Ihavebeguntoadheretoit,praisebetoAllah.However,Iamveryupsetbecauseof
whatIseearoundmeofsinsandevildeeds,especiallyamongsomeofmyfellowstudents
suchaslisteningtomusicandmaliciousgossip.Iadvisedthemoftenbutsomeofthemmake
funofmeandmockatmesayingthatIambeingextreme.

WhatshouldIdo?MayAllahrewardyou!

Youhavetodenouncetheevilasmuchasyoucanbykindwordsandgoodmanners.You
shouldciteAyahsandHadithsthatspeakofthataccordingtoyourknowledge.Donottake
partinlisteningtomusic,gossiping,orotherforbiddentalksanddeeds.Youshouldwithdraw
asmuchasyoucanuntiltheystarttakingaboutsomethingelse,becauseAllah(mayHebe
Praised)says: Andwhenyou(Muhammad)seethosewhoengageinafalseconversationaboutOurVerses
(oftheQurn)bymockingatthem,stayawayfromthemtilltheyturntoanothertopic.

Ifyoudenouncethemaccordingtoyourabilityandwithdrawfromwhattheyaredoing,then
theirdeedsorcriticismofyouwillnotaffectyou.Allah(mayHebePraised)says: Oyouwho
believe!Takecareofyourownselves.Ifyoufollowthe(right)guidance[andenjoinwhatisright(IslmicMonotheismandallthat
Islmordersonetodo)andforbidwhatiswrong(polytheism,disbeliefandallthatIslmhasforbidden)]nohurtcancometoyou
fromthosewhoareinerror.ThereturnofyouallistoAllh,thenHewillinformyouabout(all)thatwhichyouusedtodo.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:319)

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)explainsthatthebelieverwillnotbeharmedbythosewhogoastray,if
headherestothetruthandfollowstrueguidancedenouncingevil,keepingsteadfastlytothe
truth,andcallingotherstoit.MayAllahgrantyouawayoutandbenefitthembymeansof
yourguidance,ifyouarepatientandseekreward.Receivethegladtidingsofgreatgoodness
andgoodconsequencessolongasyouremainsteadfastinadheringtothetruthand
denouncingthatwhichgoesagainstit.Allah(mayHebePraised)says: andthe(blessed)endisforthe
Muttaqn(thepious). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Sobepatient.Surely,the(good)endisforAl
Muttaqn(thepious) Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: AsforthosewhostrivehardinUs(OurCause),Wewillsurely
guidethemtoOurPaths(i.e.AllhsreligionIslmicMonotheism).Andverily,AllhiswiththeMuhsinn(gooddoers)."

MayAllahhelpyoudowhatpleasesHimandblessyouwithpatienceandsteadfastness!May
HehelpyoursistersandfamilyandcolleaguestodothatwhichHelovesandwhichpleases
Him!HeisAllHearing,EverNear,andHeistheGuidetothestraightpath.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:320)

QuestionsandAnswersontheinvitationtoAllah

Q1:

Inourvillage,whenawifediesandherhusbandmarriesanotherwife,thehusbandtakesthe
newwifeonhisweddingdayandvisitstheoldwife'sgravetopourwateronit.

A:Thisisabaselessinnovation.

www.ircpk.com

TheCultureofaMuslimcaller

Q:

HowshouldaMuslimcallerdevelophisculture?Whatarethenecessarysourcesforhisculture
tohaveeffectivecallthatAllahmaybless?

Answer:

Da`wah(callingtoIslam)isthemostimportanttaskandthegreatestobligation.People,
MuslimsornonMuslims,areindireneedofit.Muslimsneedmoreknowledgeandneed
someonewhocanalertthemtotheirsinsandmistakessothattheycanrectifytheirerrors,
holdfasttoobeyingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),andrefrain
fromthethingsprohibitedbyHimandHisMessenger.Likewise,thenonMuslimsneed
someonewhocancallthemtoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andshowthemthatAllahhascreated
themtoworshipHim.TheyshouldknowthattheymustembraceIslamandadheretowhat
theProphet(peacebeuponhim)brought.However,theDa`y

(PartNo:7,PageNo:321)

(callertoAllah)hastoconsidersomeindispensablethingssothathisDa`wahcanbe
successfulandfruitful.Themostimportantthingheshouldconsiderishavingknowledgethat
mustbeobtainedfromAllah'sBookandtheSunnahofHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Say(OMuhammad):"ThisismywayIinviteunto
Allh(i.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)withsureknowledge,Iandwhosoeverfollowsme(alsomustinviteothersto
Allhi.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheismwithsureknowledge). ThescholarsinterpretedAllah'ssaying
(ExaltedbeHe) Iandwhosoeverfollowsme(alsomustinviteotherstoAllhi.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism
withsureknowledge). tomeanthataDa`yhastoobtainsureandcertainknowledgetolearnhow
toenjoinwhatisrightorforbidwhatiswrongandhowtocalltoAllah(ExaltedbeHe).
Knowledgeforhimislikeeyesightwhichenablesapersontoseeharmfulthingssuchasthe
holesandthornsthatshouldbeavoided.

Moreover,theDa`yshouldbekindandmildinhiscall.Heshouldnothasteninitinorderfor
himtohandlemattersappropriately.IfthepersoncalledtoIslamcangraspknowledgeand
respondwithoutadmonitionanddebates,theDa`yshouldexplainthetruthwithgoodmanner
andclearproof.Ifherespondspositively,theissueisoverandtheaimofDa`wahisachieved.
However,ifthepersonisreluctant,turnsaway,isneglectfulandindifferent,thentheDa`y
shouldadvise,exhort,andremindhimofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)inagoodmannersothathe
canrespondandacceptthetruth.Ifthepersonhasanambiguousmatterthatneedstobe
debated,theDa`yshouldarguewithhimkindlyinawaythatisbettertoclarifythetruthto
himandleavehimnomisconceptiontotakeasapretextinleavingthetruthorembracing
falsehood.ThisopinionissupportedbytheAyahwhereAllah(mayHebePraised)says: Invite
(mankind,OMuhammad)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationand
theQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewiththeminawaythatisbetter.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:322)

TheDa`ymustbesinceretoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),bewareofRiya'(showing
off),andmakehisDa'wahforthesakeofAllahandtheHereafter.Heshouldnotintendtobe
praisedbypeopleortoattainworldlygains.Allah(mayHebePraised)says: Andwhoisbetterin
speechthanhewho[says:"MyLordisAllh(believesinHisOneness),"andthenstandsfirm(actsuponHisOrder),and]invites(men)
toAllhs(IslmicMonotheism),anddoesrighteousdeeds,andsays:"IamoneoftheMuslims."

HeshouldendeavortousesuitablewordsandinvitetoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)gentlyand
kindly.Heshouldnotbeharshexceptwhennecessary.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
says: andarguewiththeminawaythatisbetter. Allahalsosays, AndarguenotwiththepeopleoftheScripture(Jews
andChristians),unlessitbein(away)thatisbetter(withgoodwordsandingoodmanner,invitingthemtoIslmicMonotheismwith
HisVerses) "ThepeopleoftheScripture"herereferstotheJewsandChristians. exceptwithsuchofthemasdo
wrong ThismeansthatKindnessisindispensableinDa`wah.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
said: Kindnessisnottobefoundinanythingbutthatitaddstoitsbeautyanditisnotwithdrawnfromanythingbutitmakesit
defective. TheProphet(maypeaceandblessingsbeuponhim)said, "Hewhoisdeprivedofkindbehavioris
infactdeprivedofallgood.'' ThebelievingDa`yshouldcalltoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)withgood
mannersandkindnesssothatpeoplemayrespondtohimpositivelyandnoonecanrejector
resisthimimproperly.Someharshandillmanneredcallersarerejectedandabused,which
makesitworse.WhentheDa`yisgentleandcallstoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)inkindnessand
goodmanners,itishopefulthathisDa`wahwillbeacceptedoratleastpeoplewillreactto
himwithgentleness.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:323) www.ircpk.com
AllsuccessbelongstoAllah!

www.ircpk.com

WomenandDa`wahtoAllah

Question:WhatdoyouthinkofwomenpracticingDa`wah(calltoIslam)toAllah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)?

Answer:

AwomanislikeamanshehasadutytowardsDa`wahtoAllah,enjoininggoodand
forbiddingevil.AlltheevidencesonthisintheQur'anandSunnah(whateverisreportedfrom
theProphet)aregeneraltomenandwomenexceptwhatisspecifiedbyevidence,andthe
opinionofscholarsinthisregardisclear.AmongsttheevidencefromtheQur'anonthisisHis
Saying(ExaltedbeHe): Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofone
anothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)from
A lMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslmhasforbidden) AndHisSaying(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe): You[truebelieversinIslmicMonotheism,andrealfollowersofProphetMuhammad)and
hisSunnah]arethebestofpeopleseverraisedupformankindyouenjoinAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmhas
ordained)andforbidAlMunkar(polytheism,disbeliefandallthatIslmhasforbidden),andyoubelieveinAllh.

Therefore,womenshouldcalltoAllahwhileabidingbytheshar`y(Islamicallylawful)morals,
besidesthis,sheshouldhavepatienceandseekAllah'sRewardforAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)
says: andbepatient.Surely,AllhiswiththosewhoareAsSbirn(thepatient). InadditiontoHisSayingabout
Luqmanthewisemanthathetoldhisson: "Omyson!AqimAsSalt(performAsSalt),enjoin(onpeople)AlMarf
(IslmicMonotheismandallthatisgood),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.disbeliefintheOnenessofAllh,polytheismofall
kindsandallthatisevilandbad),andbearwithpatiencewhateverbefallsyou.Verily,thesearesomeoftheimportant
commandments(orderedbyAllhwithnoexemption). Abovethat,sheshouldconsideranotherthing,thatis
toshowagoodexampleofvirtuousness,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:324)

Hijab(veil)andrighteousdeeds,andstayingawayfromTabarruj(womendressedimmodestly
inviolationoftheIslamicdresscode)andfreeintermixing(ofmenandwomen)whichis
prohibitedarefactorsthatmakeher,practicallyandverbally,calltoabandonwhatever
Allahhasprohibitedforher.

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Themannerofcallingthosewhoareinfluencedbyacertainculture

Q:

IfthepeoplewhomyoucalltoAllahareinfluencedbycertainculturesorcommunities,how
canwecallthemtoAllah?

A:

TheDa`y(callertoIslam)shouldexplainthefalseopinionsoftheschoolsandthefactorsof
theenvironmentbywhichtheyareinfluenced.HeshouldpointoutthefalsehoodandBid`ahs
(innovationinreligion),ifany,onwhichtheseschoolsarebased.Itshouldbeclearthatitis
necessarytoreferallmatterstothebookofAllahandHisMessenger'sSunnah.Therefore,
theircustomsandknowledgeshouldbeweighedaccordingtoShari`ah,andthenwhatisin
compliancewithitmustbekeptandwhatisnotmustbeeliminated.Thisisthecasewiththe
scholarswhenweighingtheissuesofFiqhaccordingtotheevidencefromShari`ah.Thethings
whichcontradictShari`ah,whethertheyareofthetraditionsofthefathers,ancestors,noble
Shaykhsorothers,mustbedisregarded.

Toconclude,itisincumbentuponallMuslimstoadheretothegoodmannersandconduct
indicatedbytheBookofAllahandtheSunnahofHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).Noone
shouldbebiasedtothelineofconductoftheirfather,grandfather,countryorenvironment.
Rather,theyshouldadheretothatwhichisindicatedbyAllahandHisMessenger(peacebe
uponhim)andIjma`(consensusofscholars)adoptedbySalaf(righteouspredecessors).

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(PartNo:7,PageNo:325)

OfferingwomenthechancetocalltotheWayofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)

Q:

CanwomenbegiventheopportunitytocalltotheWayofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)?

A:

NothingpreventsthissolongastherearerighteouswomenqualifiedtoengageinDa`wahto
Allah(mayHebePraised).Suchwomenshouldbehelped,employed,andaskedtoguidetheir
sistersbecausewomenneedfemalecallerswhoseexistenceamongstwomencanbeofmore
benefitinconveyingDa`wahtothewayoftruththanmen:Awoman'sshynessmayprevent
herfromexpressingallherconcernsbeforeamalecaller.Shemayalsofaceobstacles
hinderingherfromlisteningtoDa`wahdeliveredbyamalecaller.Onthecontrary,shehas
nothingofsuchthingswithfemalecallers,becauseshemixeswiththem,expresseswhatshe
wantstoaskabout,andisinfluencedmuchmorebythem.

AnywomanwhohasknowledgeshoulddoherdutytowardsDa`wahandguidingothersto
goodasmuchasshecanbecauseAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Invite(mankind,O
Muhammad)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)and
fairpreaching,andarguewiththeminawaythatisbetter. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Say(O
Muhammad):"ThisismywayIinviteuntoAllh(i.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)withsure
knowledge,Iandwhosoeverfollowsme(alsomustinviteotherstoAllhi.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheismwithsure
knowledge). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andwhoisbetterinspeechthanhewho[says:"My
LordisAllh(believesinHisOneness),"andthenstandsfirm(actsuponHisOrder),and]invites(men)toAllhs(Islmic
Monotheism),anddoesrighteousdeeds,andsays:"IamoneoftheMuslims."

(PartNo:7,PageNo:326)

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: SokeepyourdutytoAllhandfearHimasmuchasyoucan
TherearemanyAyahsthatstressthismeaningandtheyareappliedtobothmenandwomen.
MayAllahgrantussuccess.

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(PartNo:7,PageNo:327)

EnjoiningGoodandForbiddingEvil:MannerandWisdom

Q:

Whatisthepropermannerandtheunderlyingwisdomofenjoininggoodandforbiddingevil?

A:

Thisisahighlyimportantquestionthatisworthyofdeepconcern,forenjoininggoodand
forbiddingevilareofthemostseriousobligationsinIslam.Indeed,undertakingthisdutyby
theinsightfulandknowledgeablepeopleisagreatmeanstoreform,guidingthesocieties,and
keepingthemawayfromAllah'spunishmenthereandintheHereafter.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)
says, You[truebelieversinIslmicMonotheism,andrealfollowersofProphetMuhammad)andhisSunnah]
arethebestofpeopleseverraisedupformankindyouenjoinAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmhasordained)and
forbidAlMunkar(polytheism,disbeliefandallthatIslmhasforbidden),andyoubelieveinAllh. Allahdepictsthemas
'thebestofpeoples'forthegooddeedsmentioned.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)then
says, Letthereariseoutofyouagroupofpeopleinvitingtoallthatisgood(Islm),enjoiningAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheism
andallthatIslmordersonetodo)andforbiddingAlMunkar(polytheismanddisbeliefandallthatIslmhasforbidden).Anditisthey
whoarethesuccessful. Allahdescribesthosepeopleassuccessfulinabsolutemanner,fortheir
undertakingthisgreatobligationofenjoininggoodandforbiddingevil.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:328)

Theywinsuccessduetotheirgooddeeds.Successherereferstoeverygood.Evidently,itisa
meanstohappinesshereandintheHereafter.Allahalso(mayHebePraised), Thebelievers,men
andwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.Islmic
MonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andall
thatIslmhasforbidden)theyperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),andgivetheZakt,andobeyAllhandHisMessenger.Allhwill
haveHisMercyonthem.SurelyAllhisAllMighty,AllWise. Here,thebelievingmenandwomenarepromised
mercyfortheirgooddeedsincludingtheactofenjoininggoodandforbiddingevil.Apparently,
theAyahmakesitplainthatthisisadutyonallbelievingmenandwomenaccordingtoone's
ability.Indeed,thedutyofenjoininggoodandforbiddingevilisoneofthegreatmoralsand
characteristicsbutitshouldbecarriedoutkindlyandwiselywithoutviolenceorharshness.A
personwhoundertakesthisdutyshouldbefullyanddeeplyawareofalMa`arufi.e.what
AllahandhisMessengercommanded,andalMunkari.e.whatAllahandhisMessenger
forbade.

Itisobligatoryonanadvisor,manorwoman,whoperformsthisdutytobewellacquainted
withtheaffairsthathediscusses.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Say(OMuhammad):
"ThisismywayIinviteuntoAllh(i.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)withsureknowledge,Iandwhosoeverfollows
me(alsomustinviteotherstoAllhi.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheismwithsureknowledge). Allah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Invite(mankind,OMuhammad)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)
withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewiththeminawaythatisbetter. The
wisdomherereferstoknowledge.Clearly,invitingpeopletoAllahisaformofenjoininggood
andforbiddingevil,foritdisclosesandprovestheTruthforhumankind.Hewhoenjoinsgood

(PartNo:7,PageNo:329)

andforbidsevilmayhavesomeauthoritythatdeterstheevildoeranddisobedientbutinviting
peopletotheWayofAllahismuchbroaderandwiderinscope,foritincludestheclarification
andguidanceofallpeopletotheTruth.

Tosummarize,anIslamiccallerandonewhoenjoinsgoodandforbidsevilhastobefullyand
deeplyeducatedlesttheyshouldcommandanillegalmatterorforbidalawfulpractice.Again,
thisshouldbedonekindlyandwiselywithouttheleastviolenceorfoullanguage.Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, AndbytheMercyofAllh,youdealtwiththemgently.Andhadyoubeensevere
andharshhearted,theywouldhavebrokenawayfromaboutyou WhenentrustingthemwithHismessageto
Pharaoh,Allah(mayHebePraisedandExalted)addressedMusa(Moses)andHarun(Aaron)
saying, "Andspeaktohimmildly,perhapshemayacceptadmonitionorfear(Allh)."

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Saying,SadaqAllahAl`Azhim"i.e.TruthiswhatAllah,theGreat,told)"uponfinishing

asessionofQur'anrecitation

Q:

Ioftenhearthatsaying SadaqAllahAlAzhim"uponendingrecitationoftheQur'anis
aBid`ah(innovationinreligion).Somepeopletoldmethatitispermissibleandtheyquotedas
evidencetheAyah: Say(OMuhammad):"AllhhasspokenthetruthfollowthereligionofIbrhm
(Abraham)Hanfa(IslmicMonotheism,i.e.heusedtoworshipAllhAlone)

(PartNo:7,PageNo:330)

SomeeducatedpeopletoldmethatwhentheProphet(peacebeuponhim)wantedtostop
someonewhowasreadingQur'anhesaid, Enough andhedidnotsaySadaqAllahAl
Azhim". Now,isitpermissibletosay SadaqAllahAlAzhim"attheendofasessionof
recitation?Please,adviseindetails.A:

PeoplescustomofsayingSadaqAllahAlAzhim"whenfinishingasessionofrecitationisa
baselessactthatshouldnotbetakenasahabit.Indeed,accordingtotheprinciplesof
Shari`ah,itisaBid`ah.IfanyonebelievesthatitisSunnah,itshouldnotbedoneortakenas
ahabitforthelackoflegalfoundation.AsforAllah'sSaying: Say(OMuhammad):
"Allhhasspokenthetruth thishasnothingtodowiththismatter.Allahwascommandinghimto
explaintothepeoplethatAllahhadspokenthetruthinwhatHetoldinHisGreatBookslike
theTawrah(Torah),etc.HewasspeakingthetruthinallthatHesaidtoHisslavesinHis
GloriousBook,theQur'an.ButthisisnotevidencethatitisMustahab(desirable)tosay
"SadaqAllahAlAzhim"afterreadingtheQur'anorafterreadingsomeAyahsoraSurah
(Qur'anicchapter).ThiswasnotreportedorknownfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)or
hiscompanions(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem).

WhenIbnMas`udrecitedtotheProphet(peacebeuponhim)fromthebeginningofSurah(Qur'anicchapter)alNisaa'untilhe
reachedtheAyah: How(willitbe)then,whenWebringfromeachnationawitnessandWebringyou(OMuhammad
)asawitnessagainstthesepeople? theProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidtohim,Enough.IbnMas`udsaid:Iturnedtohim
andsawthathiseyeswerefilledwithtears (peacebeuponhim), i.e.hewasweepingbecauseofwhatis
mentionedofthisgreatstatusontheDayofResurrectioninthisAyahwhereAllah(mayHebe
Praised)says: How(willitbe)then,whenWebringfromeachnationawitnessandWebringyou(OMuhammad
)

(PartNo:7,PageNo:331)

asawitnessagainstthesepeople?i.e.againsthis(peacebeuponhim)nation.Asfaraswe
know,thereisnoscholarwhostatedthatIbnMas`ud(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)said
SadaqAllahAlAzhim"aftertheProphetsaidtohim"Enough".Thepointisthatthereisno
basisinShari`ahforsaying SadaqAllahAlAzhim"whenfinishingasessionofreadingthe
Qur'an.Butifapersondoesthatsometimesforcertainreasons,itdoesnotmatter.

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Therulingonsaying:"ByyourZhimmai.e.pledge,Salah"or"IamembarrassedifIdosuch
andsuch.''

Question:

Isitpermissibletoswearbyreligion,likeifapersonsaystotheirfellows:Byyourreligion,
Salah(prayer)orbysaying"IamembarrassedifIdosuchandsuch",forthesetraditionsare
widelyspreadamongstwomenandchildren,wehopethatyouwouldadviseus,mayAllah
rewardyou!

Answer:

ItisimpermissibletoswearbySalah,Zhimma,embarrassmentoranyotherthingamongstcreatures,for
swearingshouldbebyAllahonly.Thus,apersonshouldnotsay:"BymyZhimma,Ididnotdosuchand
such"or"bytheZhimma,life,prayerofsoandso".Itisalsoimpermissibleforanyonetoaskyoutodothis
liketobetold:"SaybymyZhimma"or"SaybymySalah,Zakah(obligatorycharity)"andsoon,forallof
thisfallsundertakinganoathbythingsotherthanAllahwhichhasnoorigininthepurifiedShari`ah
(Islamiclaw),alsobecauseSalah,Zakahandthelikesareactsofservants,andthereshouldbenooath
takenbythem,rather,swearingshouldbebyAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)onlyorbyanyofHis
Attributes,accordingtothesayingoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim): Whoeverhastotakeanoathshouldswear
byAllahorremainsilent.(i.e.HeshouldnotswearbyotherthanAllah) TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbe
uponhim)alsosays: whoeverswearsbyanythingotherthanAllahwillbecommittingshirk(associatingothersinworshipwith
Allah)

(PartNo:7,PageNo:332)

RelatedbyImamAhmadibnHanbal(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)withaSahih(authentic)Isnad(chainof
narrators)ontheauthorityof`Umar(MayAllahbepleasedwithhim),itisalsorelatedbyAlTirmidhy,AbuDawud
withaSahihIsnadontheauthorityofIbn`Umar(mayAllahbepleasedwithbothofthem)thattheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said: WhoeverswearsbyanyonebutAllahwillbeakafir(disbeliever)oraMushrik Moreover,he
(peacebeuponhim)hadalsosaid: WhoeverswearsbyAmanah(trust)isnotoneofus .

Therefore,everyMu'min(malebeliever)andMu'minah(femalebeliever)shouldbewareofthisandshould
notswearbutbyAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)e.g.ByAllahIdid/notdosuchandsuchifthereisa
needforthat.

However,itisprescribedforapersontokeeptheiroathandrefrainfromswearingexceptwhennecessary,
forAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Andprotectyouroaths(i.e.donotswearmuch). But,ifthereisaneedtomakean
oath,apersonshouldnottakeanoathexceptbyAllahoranyAttributeofHis,suchastosay:"ByAllah,I
havenotdonesuchandsuch"or"ByAllah'sMight,Ihavenotdonesuchandsuch".Whereasswearingby
anythingotherthanAllahliketrusts,theProphet,theKa`bah,one'slife,honor,Salahorreligion,isall
impermissibleaccordingtothepreviouslymentionedHadiths.Yet,ifapersonsays:"Thisisarightonmeor
onsoandso",thisisnottobeconsideredanoath.AllahistheOneWhograntsSuccess.

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Rulingonbeatingasickperson

Q:

Sometimes,webeatoursicksisterlightly.However,wefeelanguishedarewesinfulfor
doingso?

(PartNo:7,PageNo:333)

A:

Youshouldconsiderhercaseandshouldnotdoanythingthatworsenshercondition.Youwillnotbe
permittedtobeather,ifsheisincapableofbearingit.However,iftheillnessisminorandshedoes
somethingwrongordoessomethingforwhichshedeservestobedisciplinedlightly,thenthereisnothing
wrongwiththat.However,youhavetopayattentiontohercondition.Ifthebeatingdoesherharm,you
shouldnotbeather,butifthebeatingwillnotharmherbecausehersicknessislightandthereisanurgent
needtodisciplinehertostopdoinginappropriatethings,therewillbenoharmindoingso.

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(PartNo:7,PageNo:334)

YourweepingisagracefromAllah

Question:

WhenIcommandMa`ruf(thatwhichisjudgedasgood,beneficial,orfittingbyIslamiclaw
andMuslimsofsoundintellect)andforbidMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableordisapproved
ofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)beforepeople,IfeelunnaturalKhushu`(the
heartbeingattunedtotheactofworship),particularlywhenIamwiththepeopleIadmonish.
Sometimes,IcryoutoffearingAllah,contrarytomystatewhenIamalone.Isthisconsidered
akindofRiya'(showingoff)andhypocrisy?ShouldIquitcommandingMa`rufandforbidding
MunkarforfearofRiya'andnullificationofdeeds?

Answer:

YoushouldassiduouslycalltoAllah,commandwhatisgoodandforbidwhatisevil.Youshouldnotquit
whatyoudo,forSatanwantsyoutogiveupDa`wah(callingtoIslam),sohemaydeludeyouintothinking
thatyoudothisinordertogainpeople'spraise.YoushouldfearAllahandcalltoHimsincerelyandaskHim
tohelpyou.Youcouldsay:"AllahummaA`inni`AlaDhikrikaWaShukrikaWahusni`Ibadatika(OAllah,
helpmetorememberYouandthankYouandenablemetoworshipYouproperly)."Youshouldnotheed
Satan.IfyourKhushu`andcryingareunintentionalandnotaimedatgainingpeople'scompliments,then
thisisagracefromAllah.Allahknowsbest.

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ThebestformofJihad

Q:

DoesJihadintheCauseofAllahhaveonerankwhetheritisphysical,financial,orjust
spiritual(throughsupplication)Jihad,especiallyoneapersoncanperformphysicalJihadand
takepartinfight?

A:

Jihadhasseveraltypes:Jihadmaybephysicalbyonesselffinancialbyone'swealthspiritualbymaking
Du`aoreducationalbyeducation,guiding,and

(PartNo:7,PageNo:335)

helpingtodogoodinanyway.ThegreatestformofJihadiswithonesself(i.e.fightingintheCauseof
Allah),followedbyJihadwithone'swealth,Jihadbyspeakingoutandguidingothers.Da`wah(callto
Islam)isalsopartofJihad.However,goingtofightinJihadisthegreatestform.

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Jihadisacollectiveobligation

Q:

YourEminence,theafflictionsthatMuslimsareundergoingnowadaysinBosniaand
Herzegovinaareobvious.TheyaremeanttouprootMuslimsfromEurope.IsJihadnot
consideredanindividualobligationinthiscase,becauseofthedestruction,dishonor,and
genocideoperationsthatMuslimsaresubjectto?

Answer:

WehavepreviouslymentionedseveraltimesthatJihadisacollectiveobligation,notan
individualobligation.MuslimsshouldstrivetosupporttheirfellowMuslimbrotherswiththeir
ownselves,wealth,weapons,Da`wah(call),andadvice.IfagroupofMuslimsundertakesthis
duty,alltheMuslimswillbeexemptedfromguilt.However,ifallMuslimsneglectJihad,they
willallbesinners.MuslimsintheKingdomofSaudiArabia,Africa,Morocco,andelsewhereshould
exerttheireffortsespeciallythoselivinginthenearestcountries.Ifonecountryormore
striveinAllah'sCause,therestareexemptedfromthisduty.Thesecountriesshouldbe
supportedagainsttheirenemiesbecausetheyareoppressed.Allahhasorderedustostrivein
HisCauseagainstHisenemiesuntilHegrantsthemvictory.IftheyabandonJihad,theywillbe
sinners.Ifagroupofthemperformsit,theotherswillbefreefromguilt.

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(PartNo:7,PageNo:336)

RulingonCombatingAllah'sEnemies

AllPraiseisduetoAllah,theLordoftheWorlds.MaythepeaceandblessingsbeuponHisservantand
Messenger,thebestofHiscreationwhowasentrustedwithHisRevelation,ourProphetandLeader,
MuhammadIbn`Abdullah,uponhisFamily,hisCompanions,andthosewhofollowinhisfootstepsuntilthe
DayofJudgment.

ItisveryimportanttoclarifythelegalrulingonJihad(strivinginAllah'scause)withone'sownwealth,life,
andtongue.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)hasoftrepeatedJihadintheQur'an.HisProphet(peacebeuponhim)
orderedandurgedpeopletostriveinAllah'sCauseasindicatedintheauthenticHadith.Healsoreminded
peopleofitsmeritsandthegreatrewardthatAllahpreparedforthem.

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says, Marchforth,whetheryouarelight(beinghealthy,youngandwealthy)orheavy(beingill,oldand
poor),andstrivehardwithyourwealthandyourlivesintheCauseofAllh.Thisisbetterforyou,ifyoubutknew. Allahorders
peopletostrivewithwealthandsoulwhethertheyarehealthyorsick.Thisistoshowitsgreatsignificance
andtheurgentneedforit.JihadwillraisethebannerofIslam,itsrulingswillbeapplied,theobstaclesof
invitingpeopleandspreadingtheReligionofAllahwillbeovercome,andAllah'srightonHisservantswillbe
acknowledged.Inaddition,peoplewillbebroughtfromdarknesstolight,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:337)

andwillberuledaccordingtoAllah'slegislations,notaccordingtoTaghut(falsegods).Jihadwillalsobring
themfromthedarkandnarrowinjusticeoftheworldtothevastandjustIslam.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysintheNobleQur'an, Oyouwhobelieve!ShallIguideyoutoatradethatwill
saveyoufromapainfultorment? ThatyoubelieveinAllhandHisMessenger(Muhammad)andthatyoustrive
Allah(Glorified
hardandfightintheCauseofAllhwithyourwealthandyourlives:thatwillbebetterforyou,ifyoubutknow!
andExaltedbeHe)informsthatthebusinessthatwillsavepeoplefromthepainfultormentisIman(Faith)
andJihad.He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)motivatesthemsaying, willsaveyoufromapainfultorment and Shall
Iguideyou

TheCallerisAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)andtheintercessorisMuhammad(peacebeuponhim).
AllahhasrevealedtheNobleQur'antohimandthenheconveyedthemessagetous.Thebusinessthat
savesfromthepainfultormentistobelieveinAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)aloneandHisMessengersincerely,
obeyHisordinances,abandonHisprohibitions,andadheretothelimitssetbyHim.Jihadisanactthat
showsobediencetoAllahandHisMessenger.AllahhasstatedJihadafterImantoshowitssignificanceand
thedireneedforit.ItisknownthatitisoneofthepillarsofIslam.SomescholarsrankedJihadasthesixth
pillar.Thisisforitsgreatimportanceandbenefits.ItisoneofthegreatpillarsofIslam.StrivinginAllah's
Causecanbewithone'sownsoul,one'sownwealth,tongue,andanymeansthathelpstheMujahids(those
whostrive/fightintheCauseofAllah)tofacetheirenemies.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:338)

CallingandinvitingpeopletoAllah,encouragingthemtofightinHisCause,warningthemagainstignorance
andcowardice,offeringadvicetotheMujahids,clarifyingthegoodrewardthatAllahhaspreparedforthem
areformsofstrivinginAllah'sCausebytongue.StrivinginAllah'sCausewithone'sownwealthisthrough
providingtheMujahidswithweapons,planes,cars,etc.

InthisNobleAyah(Qur'anicverse),Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)explainsthatImanandJihadarethe
savingbusinessthatrelievespeoplefromAllah'spunishment.Whatanhonorableandgreatdeed!

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, "ThepeakofthematterisIslamthepillarisSalahanditstopmostpartisJihad."
He(peacebeuponhim)alsosays, "Asingleendeavor(offighting)inAllah'sCauseintheforenoonorintheafternoonis
betterthantheworldandwhateverisinit." However,spendinginAllah'sCauseisagreatkindofJihadasmoney
canbeusedinhiringmen,buyingweapons,andemployingDu`ah(callertoIslam).Therefore,moneyis
morebeneficial.ThisiswhyAllahhasstateditinmostoftheAyahsbeforethesoul.Thisisforitsgreat
benefitandthegooditcontains.

SpendinginAllah'sCausebenefitstheMujahidsandhelpsthemagainsttheirenemies.Itcanbeusedin
employingandpreparingtheMujahidsandmakingthementirelydevotedtoJihad,andspendingitontheir
families.Itcanbeusedalsoinbuyingweapons,clothes,food,tents,etc.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:339)

ThatiswhyAllahhasmentionedmoneyfirstinmostoftheAyahs.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says, Marchforth,
whetheryouarelight(beinghealthy,youngandwealthy)orheavy(beingill,oldandpoor),andstrivehardwithyourwealthandyour
livesintheCauseofAllh. InthisrelevantAyah,Allahsays, Oyouwhobelieve!ShallIguideyoutoatradethatwillsave www.ircpk.com
youfromapainfultorment? ThatyoubelieveinAllhandHisMessenger(Muhammad)andthatyoustrivehard
andfightintheCauseofAllhwithyourwealthandyourlives:thatwillbebetterforyou,ifyoubutknow! (Ifyoudoso)Hewill
forgiveyouyoursins,andadmityouintoGardensunderwhichriversflow,andpleasantdwellingsinAdn(Eden)Paradisethatis
indeedthegreatsuccess. Andalso(Hewillgiveyou)another(blessing)whichyoulove,helpfromAllh(againstyourenemies)
andanearvictory.Andgivegladtidings(OMuhammad)tothebelievers.

ItisaDivineGracethatAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)conferredontheMujahidsHeforgivestheirsins,
admitsthemtoParadise,andsavesthemfromHellfireinadditiontothenearvictoryandhelpthatAllahwill
grantthemagainsttheirenemiesiftheyaretruthful,patient,andpersevering.Allah(GlorifiedandExalted
beHe)describedtheMujahidssaying, ButifyouremainpatientandbecomeAlMuttaqn[thepiousSeeV.2:2],notthe
leastharmwilltheircunningdotoyou. ThisistheDivinePromisetothebelievers,iftheycombattheirenemies,
havepatience,andfearHim.Hewillgrantthemvictory,supportthem,andhelpthemescapetheeviloftheir
enemies.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, ButifyouremainpatientandbecomeAlMuttaqn[thepiousSeeV.2:2],nottheleast
harmwilltheircunningdotoyou.Surely,Allhsurroundsallthattheydo. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: O
youwhobelieve!Ifyouhelp(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,andmakeyourfootholdfirm. He(MayHebeexaltedand
glorified)alsosays,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:340)

Verily,AllhwillhelpthosewhohelpHis(Cause).Truly,AllhisAllStrong,AllMighty. Those(Muslimrulers)who,ifWegive
thempowerintheland,(they)enjoinIqamatasSalt[i.e.toperformthefivecompulsorycongregationalSalt(prayers)(themales
inmosques)],topaytheZaktandtheyenjoinAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbidAl
Munkar(i.e.disbelief,polytheismandallthatIslmhasforbidden)[i.e.theymaketheQurnasthelawoftheircountryinallthe
spheresoflife].AndwithAllhreststheendof(all)matters(ofcreatures).

AllahwillmakeagoodfinalendforthosewhomHewills.Ifthebelievershavepatience,fearAllah,combat
inHisCausesincerelyanddevotionally,andmakepreparations,Allahwillgrantthemvictoryandhelpthem
againsttheirenemiesandrewardthembymakingthefinalendforthemasHe(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
haspromised.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, And,verily,OurWordhasgoneforthofoldforOurslaves,theMessengers,
Thattheyverilywouldbemadetriumphant, AndthatOurhosts!theyverilywouldbethevictors.

Patience,truthfulness,andfearingAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)arethereasonsforvictory.MayAllah
grantvictorytoHisReligionandmakeHiswordsupreme,forHe(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)istheMost
Generous!ThereisneithermightnorpowerexceptwithAllah!AllpraiseisduetoAllah,theLordofthe
Worlds!PeaceandblessingsbeuponHisMessengerandSlaveourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,his
Companions,andthosewhofollowthemuntiltheDayofResurrection!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:341)

TheIslamicbondisthebestmeansfor

unitingMuslims

PraisebetoAllah.MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeupontheMessengerofAllah,hisfamily,Companions,
andthosewhofollowhisguidance!

ThereligiousbrotherhoodamongtheMuslimpeopleisthestrongesttiethatunitestheMuslimUmmah
(nationbasedononecreed)andstrengthensitinthefaceofitslurkingenemiesoftheKafirs
(disbelievers/nonMuslims)andhypocrites.ThisisthegraceofharmonyamongMuslims,whichAllah
(GlorifiedbeHe)bestowsuponHisProphetMuhammad,andremindshimofitinHissaying: HeitisWhohas
supportedyouwithHisHelpandwiththebelievers. AndHehasunitedtheir(i.e.believers)hearts.Ifyouhadspentallthatisinthe
Allahremindsall
earth,youcouldnothaveunitedtheirhearts,butAllhhasunitedthem.CertainlyHeisAllMighty,AllWise.
Muslims,maleandfemale,ofthisgracebestoweduponthemwhenHe(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says:
Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)Al
M a rf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbelief
ofallkinds,andallthatIslmhasforbidden)theyperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),andgivetheZakt,andobeyAllhandHis
Messenger.AllhwillhaveHisMercyonthem.SurelyAllhisAllMighty,AllWise. He(ExaltedbeHe)says: Thebelieversare
nothingelsethanbrothers(inIslmicreligion).Somakereconciliationbetweenyourbrothers,andfearAllh,thatyoumayreceive
mercy. Besides,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:342)

theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: "Donotenvyoneanotherdonotinflatepricesbyoverbiddingagainstoneanother
donothateoneanotherdonotharbormaliceagainstoneanotheranddonotenterintocommercialtransactionwhenothershave
enteredintothat(transaction)butbeyou,OslavesofAllah,asbrothers.AMuslimisthebrotherofanotherMuslimheneither
oppresseshimnordoeshelookdownuponhim,nordoeshebeliehim,nordoeshehumiliatehim.Pietyishere,(andhepointedto
hischestthreetimes).ItisenoughevilforaMuslimtoholdhisbrotherMuslimincontempt.AllthingsofaMuslimareinviolableforhis
brotheri nfaith:hisblood,hispropertyandhishonor." (RelatedbyImamMusliminhisSahih(authentic)Bookof
Hadith).TherearesomanyAyahs(Qur'anicverses)andHadithstothesameeffect.

ThisgreatgraceincitesthehatredoftheenemiesofIslamandtheyworkhardtodisunitetheUmmahand
sowdissentionanddisputetomaketheUmmahlosestrengthandtoeasilyhumiliateandoverpowerit.As
theyputit,divideandrule.

Themostefficientmeansthattheenemiesmakeuseofarethereadable,audioandvisualmediawhich
providefalseanddistortednewsthatsowevil,sedition,hatredanddissentionamongMuslims.

TheforemostobligationsuponallMuslims,particularlyscholarsandfairmediaofficialsistofacesuch
malignantcampaignsthatexploitanyeventtothrowdoubtsandundermineconfidenceamongallMuslims,
individuals,groups,rulersandsubjects.

Itisnoteworthy,particularly,thisyearthatmanyworldnewsagenciesthatservetheschemesoftheenemies
ofIslamandfollowtheChristianandMasoniccentersplancunninglytoprovokethewholeworldagainst

(PartNo:7,PageNo:343)

thesocalledfundamentalists.TheyintendtodispraiseandcastaspersionsonthecommittedMuslimswho
adheretothetruefundamentalsofIslamandobjecttocopingwiththeinclinationtowardrapprochement
amongculturesandfalsereligions.

SomeMuslimmediaprofessionalshavefallenintothetrapofenemies,andbegantocirculatesuchanti
Islamicnewsunawareoftheintentionsoftheenemiesorforachievingpersonalends.Inthisway,they
supporttheenemiesagainstIslamandMuslims,insteadofcarryingouttheirobligationtoconfrontthe
enemiesofIslamandaborttheirplotsbystressingtheimportanceofthereligiousbondandMuslim
brotherhoodamongMuslimcountries.Theinescapableindividualerrorsshouldnotbeanexcusefor
justifyingtheslanderonIslamandMuslimstodisunitethem.

Therefore,IwouldliketoprovidesomeadviceforallMuslimsincludingmediaprofessionalsandothersin
theIslamiccountriesandelsewheretowarneveryoneagainsttheplotsofenemiesamongtheKafirs,
hypocritesandthosewhofollowtheirway.TheyshouldprotecttheIslamictext,audioandvisualmedia
frombeingameansforthrowingdoubtsonIslamandthecallerstoit,sowingdissentionamongthe
scholarsoftheUmmahanddisputeamongrulersandsubjectsscholarsandlaypeople.Theyshouldexert
theirutmosteffortstobringMuslimstogetherandunitethem,callingupontherulersandsubjectstoadhere
totheirreligionandseekthejudgmentsoftheShari`ah(Islamiclaw).Theyshouldrecommendeachother
tocooperateonthisinproperways,sincereadvice,righteousdeedandgoodconduct.Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)says:
www.ircpk.com
(PartNo:7,PageNo:344)

HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,righteousnessandpiety)butdonothelponeanotherinsinandtransgression.
AndfearAllh.Verily,AllhisSevereinpunishment. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: ByAlAsr(thetime). Verily,man
isinloss, Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommendoneanothertothetruth
[i.e.orderoneanothertoperformallkindsofgooddeeds(AlMaruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfromallkindsofsinsand
evildeeds(AlMunkarwhichAllhhasforbidden],andrecommendoneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,andinjuries
whichonemayencounterinAllhsCauseduringpreachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd). TheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)said: Religionisbasedonadvisingoneanother.Uponthiswesaid:Forwhom,MessengerofAllah?Hereplied:For
Allah,HisBook,HisMessengerandfortheleadersandthegeneralMuslims. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahihBookof
Hadith)

ItwasreportedthatJariribn`AbdullahAlBajaly(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)said: Igavethepledgeofallegiance
totheProphet(peacebeuponhim)toofferSalah(Prayer),paytheZakah(obligatorycharity)andtogivesincereadvicetoevery
Muslim. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim).

IadvisescholarsandcallerstoAlHaqq(theTruth)toavoidthedemonstrationsandmarchesthatharmthe
Da`wah(callingtoIslam)andsowdissentionamongMuslimsandseditionbetweenrulersandsubjects.

ItisanobligationtofollowthewayleadingtoAlHaqq(theTruth)andadoptthemeansthatbenefitrather
thanharm,uniteratherthandivide,andspreadDa`wah(callingtoIslam)andshowMuslimstheobligations
theyhavetodothroughusefulbooks,tapes,lecturesandFridayKhutbah(sermon)thatmanifestandcallto
A lHaqqandclarifyandwarnagainstfalsehood,alongwithpurposefulvisitstorulersandofficialsand
providingwrittenorspokenadvicewithcompassion,wisdomandproperstyle.DescribingtheProphet
Muhammad(peacebeuponhim),Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndbytheMercyofAllh,youdealt
withthemgently.Andhadyoubeensevereandharshhearted,theywouldhavebrokenawayfromaboutyou

(PartNo:7,PageNo:345)

He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saystoMusa(Moses,peacebeuponhim)andHarun(Aaron,peacebe
uponhim)whenHesendsthemtoPharaoh: "Andspeaktohimmildly,perhapshemayacceptadmonitionorfear(Allh)."
TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Givepeoplegoodtidingsanddonotfillthemwithaversiontreatthemwithease
anddonotbehardonthemloveeachother,anddonotdiffer. TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeupon
him)alsosays: Kindnessisnottobefoundinanythingbutthatitaddstoitsbeautyanditisnotwithdrawnfromanythingbutit
makesitdefective. TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: "Hewhoisdeprivedof
forbearanceis,infact,deprivedofallgood.'' AllsuchHadithsareSahihandauthenticallyreportedfromthe
MessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim).

ItisnarratedintheSahihBookofHadithbyMuslimontheauthorityof`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)
thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: OAllah,who(happensto)acquiresomekindofcontrolovertheaffairsofmy
peopleandiskindtothembekindtohim,and(whohappensto)acquiresomekindofcontrolovertheaffairsofmypeopleandis
harduponthem,beharduponhim. TheresomanyHadithstothesameeffect.

WeaskAllahtosetrighttheaffairsofallMuslims,unitethemonAlHaqq,guidetheirleadersanddirect
themtoapplyHisShari`ah,abidebyitandpreferittowhatopposesit.WealsoaskAllahtograntvictoryto
HisReligionthroughthemandhelpthemsetrighttheirreligiousandworldlyaffairs,grantthemhappiness,
andrescuetheminthislifeandtheHereafter.MayAllahguidetheMuslimscholarstocarryouttheir
obligationsinthewaythatpleasesHim,blesstheirefforts,enablethemtosupportAlHaqq,andguidethem
toallthatbenefitsthepeopleandcountries!Indeed,HealoneisAbletodoso.MayAllah'sPeaceand
BlessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamilyandCompanions!Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullah
wabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:346)

AnappealtotheAfghanMujahidleaders

PraisebetoAllah.MaypeaceandblessingsbeuponAllah'sMessenger!OMujahidleaders(one
striving/fightingintheCauseofAllah)inAfghanistan!Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(May
Allah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

Allah(mayHebePraised)hasgrantedyouvictoryovertheenemyandempowermentonEarthafterlengthy
burdensomeJihad.ItisincumbentuponyoutobegratefultoAllahandcooperateinrighteousnessand
pietyandjudgeaccordingtotheShari'ahofAllahconcerningyourlives,peopleandalldeeds.Fightingeach
otherisamajorsinanddisaster.Youmuststopitlestyourenemiesshouldrejoiceatyourmisfortuneand
theoutcomewillbeworse.YoushouldfearAllahandgiveupkillingandyoushouldusethepeacefulmeans
andtheruleofShari`ahtosolveyourproblems.Ifyoufailtoreconcileandstopfightingbythesemeans,I
recommendyoutoformacommitteeofscholarstojudgebetweenyouaccordingtoAllah'sShari`ah.You
shouldagreeonthingswhichleadtothebenefitofallandestablishAllah'sCommandamongyou.

TheCustodianoftheTwoSacredMosques,theKingFahdibnAbdulAziz,mayAllahgranthimsuccesstodo
whatbenefitsyouandleadstogoodoutcomes,invitedyoutodiscussallproblemspeacefullyinhispresence
tosolvethem

(PartNo:7,PageNo:347)

inthelightoftheBookandSunnah.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andinwhatsoeveryoudiffer,the
decisionthereofiswithAllh(HeistherulingJudge). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!
ObeyAllhandobeytheMessenger(Muhammad),andthoseofyou(Muslims)whoareinauthority.(And)ifyou
differinanythingamongstyourselves,referittoAllhandHisMessenger(),ifyoubelieveinAllhandintheLast
Day.Thatisbetterandmoresuitableforfinaldetermination. He(mayHebePraised)alsosays, Butno,byyourLord,they
canhavenoFaith,untiltheymakeyou(OMuhammad)judgeinalldisputesbetweenthem,andfindinthemselves
noresistanceagainstyourdecisions,andaccept(them)withfullsubmission.

YoushouldfearAllahandrespondactivelytothetruth.Bewareoffightingwhichharmsyouandmakesthe
enemiesrejoiceatyourmisfortune.Youhavetwooptionstoendthedisputeandreachanagreementwhich
mayachievehappinessforallandgoodoutcomes.Thefirstoneistoformacommitteeofscholarsto
considerthematterofdisputeandjudgeaccordingtoAllah'sShari`ah.Thesecondoptionistoacceptthe
invitationoftheCustodianoftheTwoSacredMosquestonegotiatethepeacefulmeanstosolveandendthe
disputeinthelightoftheBookandSunnah.

AllahistheOneWhocanbringyourheartstogether,makepeaceamongyou,grantyousuccesstodowhat
benefitsyouandyourcountry.MayHeunifyyourworduponthetruthandprotectyoufromtheevilplotsof
theenemies!HeistheOneWhoisCapableofdoingso.Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:348)

AspecialmessagetotheAfghanMujahids

IntheNameofAllah.MayPeaceandBlessingsbeuponAllah'sMessenger.OMujahidleaders(one
striving/fightingintheCauseofAllah)inAfghanistan!Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(May
Allah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

AllMuslimswerepleasedwiththenewsofseizingKabul,thecapitalofAfghanistan.Allahhasgrantedyouand
allMuslimsthisvictoryandfavor.ItisincumbentuponyoutobegratefultoAllah,preservethisbountyand
warnagainstallmeansthatleadtofailureanddivision.Allah(mayHebePraised)states, Andholdfast,allof
youtogether,totheRopeofAllh(i.e.thisQurn),andbenotdividedamongyourselves Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!Whenyoumeet(anenemy)force,takeafirmstandagainstthemandremembertheNameofAllh
much(bothwithtongueandmind),sothatyoumaybesuccessful. AndobeyAllhandHisMessenger,anddonotdispute(withone
another)lestyoulosecourageandyourstrengthdeparts,andbepatient.Surely,AllhiswiththosewhoareAsSbirn(thepatient).

BrothersinIslam!YourJihadwassuccessful,asyouperseveredandstrovegreatlyinAllah'scausewithyour
livesandwealththatnonecancountexceptAllah.YoumustfearAllahregardingyourJihad,lives,people,
andallMuslims.Yourdisputesanddisagreementsmaygladdenyourenemiesduetoyourmisfortuneand
weakenyourjihad.Youmustdoyourbesttounifyyourwordandranksandtoendanydisputesusing
peacefulmeansand

(PartNo:7,PageNo:349)

arbitrationbasedonShari`ah.Bewareoftheevilplotsandgreedoftheenemy.Whenyousincerelystriveto
unifyyourword,cooperateinrighteousness,andpietyandavoidanythingthatleadstodisagreements,you
willattaingreatrewardandgoodoutcomes.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)states, Butifyouremainpatient
andbecomeAlMuttaqn[thepiousSeeV.2:2],nottheleastharmwilltheircunningdotoyou.Surely,Allhsurroundsallthatthey
do. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Sobepatient.Surely,the(good)endisforAlMuttaqn(thepious) He(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)alsosays, Verily,AllhwillhelpthosewhohelpHis(Cause).Truly,AllhisAllStrong,AllMighty. Those
(Muslimrulers)who,ifWegivethempowerintheland,(they)enjoinIqamatasSalt[i.e.toperformthefivecompulsory
congregationalSalt(prayers)(themalesinmosques)],topaytheZaktandtheyenjoinAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandall
thatIslmordersonetodo),andforbidAlMunkar(i.e.disbelief,polytheismandallthatIslmhasforbidden)[i.e.theymakethe
Q u rnasthelawoftheircountryinallthespheresoflife].AndwithAllhreststheendof(all)matters(ofcreatures). Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: and(asfor)thebelievers,itwasincumbentuponUstohelp(them).

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsostates, Allhhaspromisedthoseamongyouwhobelieveanddorighteousgood
deeds,thatHewillcertainlygrantthemsuccessionto(thepresentrulers)intheland,asHegrantedittothosebeforethem,andthat
HewillgrantthemtheauthoritytopractisetheirreligionwhichHehaschosenforthem(i.e.Islm).AndHewillsurelygivethemin
exchangeasafesecurityaftertheirfear(provided)they(believers)worshipMeanddonotassociateanything(inworship)withMe.
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: ByAlAsr(thetime). Verily,manisinloss, Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmic
Monotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommendoneanothertothetruth[i.e.orderoneanothertoperformallkindsof
gooddeeds(AlM a ruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeeds(AlMunkarwhichAllhhas
forbidden],andrecommendoneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,andinjurieswhichonemayencounterinAllhsCause
duringpreachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd).

ThankstoHisMostBeautifulNamesandHonorableAttributes,AllahistheOneWhocanrectifyyourhearts
anddeeds,unifyyourvoicesuponthetruth,grantyou,yourpeopleandallMuslimsanobleend.Hewill
protectyouandallMuslimsfromthemeansleadingtofitnahi.e.sedition,anddisagreementandfromthe
evilplotsoftheenemy,purifyingyourintentions,wordsanddeeds.HeistheMostGenerous.Assalamu
`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh

www.ircpk.com

TheattackontheBabriMasjidinIndia

anddemolishingitisaseriouscrime

(PartNo:7,PageNo:350)

PraisebetoAllah,MaypeaceandblessingsbeupontheMessengerofAllah,hisfamily,Companionsand
whoeverfollowshim:

AllglobalandIslamicnewsagenciesreportedtheatrociouscrimecommittedagainstIslam,Muslims,and
theirsanctuariesintheIndiancityofAyodhya,whensomeHindustoredowntheBabriMasjid(mosque).

However,onhearingthisgrievousnewsoftheoccurrenceofsuchadisgracefulcriminalact,westrongly
condemnedanddenouncedthisoutrageousassault,andconsiderthatthedestructionandattackontheBabri
Masjidisinallrespectsamajorcrime,sincethisincludesaseriousaffronttoIslam,Muslimsandtheir
sanctuaries.TheIndiangovernmentshouldimposeseveresanctionsupontheperpetratorsofthispainful
disaster.ItshouldreconstructtheMasjidandstoptheviciouscrimescarriedoutbyHindusagainstMuslims
andtheirsanctuaries.IftheIndiangovernmentdoesnotenforceseveresanctions,itisquiteprobablethat
HinduswilltendtoengageinfurthercriminalactsagainstMuslimpeopleandtheirMasjidsinIndiaespecially
afterthefiercedeterminationofsomefanaticalHindustoincitemobbishbehavioranddemolishtheBabri
MasjidinfrontoftheIndiangovernment.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:351)

TheIndiangovernmentshouldalsoshowrespecttoIslamandMuslimsinIndia,provideasuitable
environmentforthem,honortheirsanctuariesandcarefullyprotectthemfromtheevilofextremists.

IaskAllahtorectifytheaffairsofallMuslimseverywhere,grantthemprofoundunderstandingofIslam,
unitethemupontruth,andgrantthemvictoryovertheirenemies.HeisMostGenerous,MostBountiful.May
peaceandblessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,andCompanions!

SecretaryGeneraloftheConstituentCounciloftheMuslimWorldLeagueinMakkahAlMukarramah

ChairmanoftheDepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,Ifta',

Da`wahandGuidanceinSaudiArabia

www.ircpk.com

ObligationofcareforallMuslimsindividualsandgroups

(PartNo:7,PageNo:352)

AllpraisebetoAllahAlone,theLordofthewholeuniverse.MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponthe
bestofallcreaturesourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,Companions,andallthosewhofollowhiswayuntil
theDayofRecompense.

OMuslims!Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbe
uponyou!)

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,righteousnessandpiety)
butdonothelponeanotherinsinandtransgression. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: BynomeansshallyouattainAlBirr
(piety,righteousnesshereitmeansAllhsReward,i.e.Paradise),unlessyouspend(inAllhsCause)ofthatwhichyoulove Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: BelieveinAllhandHisMessenger(Muhammad),andspendofthatwhereof
Hehasmadeyoutrustees.Andsuchofyouasbelieveandspend(inAllhsWay),theirswillbeagreatreward.

Moreover,itisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Thesimilitudeofbelieversin
regardtomutuallove,affection,fellowfeelingisthatofonebodywhenanylimbofitaches,thewholebodyaches,andsuffersfrom
sleeplessnessandfever. TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: Afaithfulbeliever
toafaithfulbelieverislikethebricksofawall,enforcingeachother.'WhilesayingsotheProphet(peacebeuponhim)claspedhis
hands,byinterlacinghisfingers. Besides,he(peacebeuponhim)said: Whoeverfulfillstheneedsofhisbrother,Allahwill
fulfillhisneeds.

Obviously,whatwasmentionedpreviouslyalongwithotherproofsfromQur'anandSunnah(whateveris
reportedfromtheProphet)callustobeconcernedandcareforallMuslimswhethergroupsorindividuals
wherevertheyare.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:353)

Thus,wehavetoreviewtheconditionsandtherealityofMuslims,andtrytoknowtheirpains,needs,and
requests.Wethenhavetohelpthemaccordingtoourdifferentabilitieswhilegivingprioritytothemost
importantdemandsoverthoseoflessimportanceandsoon.Verily,MuslimseitherinMuslimornonMuslim
countriesneedvariousthings.Someneedfoodandclothes,someneedlearningandtraining,someneed
booksandschools,someneedMasjids(mosques)forperformingSalah(Prayer)andmentioningAllah
(ExaltedbeHe),andsomeneedteachersandDu`ah(callerstoIslam)toencouragethemtobedutifulto
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)andexplaintothemtherulingsoftheirDin(religion)sothattheyworshipHimwhile
havingtrueinsightintoHisGuidance.Undoubtedly,allMuslimsneedphysicians,hospitalstotreattheirsick,
andsuitablehousesthatkeeptheirhumanityanddignityandprotectthemagainstheatandcold.

OMuslims,everybodyknowsthatmanyMuslimsallovertheworldaresufferingfrommanythingssuchas
poverty,illiteracy,misery,deprivation,unemployment,illness,andunawarenessoftherulingsofDin.Thus,
itisincumbentonustocooperateanddoubleoureffortstoprotectsuchMuslimsandrescuethemfrom
theirdestructiveconditions.Tocometothepoint,thisblessedorganizationi.e.theInternationalIslamic
CharityOrganization,isbenevolentandworthyofsupportandencouragement.Thegoalsandobjectivesof
thisorganizationareverycleartheyaretocareforknowingaboutMuslims'pains,solvingtheirproblems
wherevertheyare,andkeepingtheirMuslimidentity.Someofthemostprominentcharacteristicsofthe
organizationmentionedabovearethatitworksforthebenefitoftheMuslimworldasawhole.Itdoesnot
showloyaltytoanyspecificideologyofanykindotherthanitsloyaltytoIslamanditsencouragementfor
charitableworksasthiscanbeunderstoodfromtheQur'anandSunnah.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:354)

Consequently,IcallallgenerouspeoplewhomAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasgivenmoneyandabundantwealth
tohastentospendfromtheirmoneyforsakeofAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Theycandosobyprovidingfinancial
supporttotheconcernedcharityorganizationandcontributingtoitsvariousprojectstoenableitto
undertakeitsresponsibilitiesandattainitsbeneficialIslamicobjectives.

ItisworthmentioningthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)promisestocompensatethosewhospendtheirmoneyfor
Hissakebothinthisworldandinthehereafter.He(ExaltedbeHe)says: andwhatsoeveryouspendofanything(in
A l l hsCause),Hewillreplaceit.AndHeistheBestofproviders. Healsosays: Andwhatevergoodyousendbeforeyoufor
yourselves,(i.e.Nawfilnonobligatoryactsofworship:prayers,charity,fasting,HajjandUmrah),youwillcertainlyfinditwithAllh,
betterandgreaterinreward.

Anotherreasonthatencouragesustosupportthischarityorganizationisthatthosewhoareinchargeofit
areknownfortheirtrustworthinessandtruthfulness.Theydedicatethemselves,payfromtheirownwealth,
andallocatetheirtimeforthesakeofbenefitingthegreatestnumberofthosewhoareinneedamongst
Muslims.Thisassuresusthatwhatevermoneywespendthroughthisorganizationwillbewithtrustworthy
peoplewhowillinvestandincreaseituntilitreachesthelegalrecipients. www.ircpk.com
Onthisoccasion,OMuslimbrothers,IadviseyouandmyselftofearAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)in
secretandpublic.Ontheotherhand,Iadvisethosewhoareinchargeofthischarityorganizationtofear
Allahregardingthemoneyoftheorganization,nottospendorinvestinitexceptthroughShar`y(Islamic
legal)ways,andnottoindulgeinanyactivitythatinvolvesastainofRiba(usury),foritisreportedina
SahihHadiththattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: AllahisPureand,therefore,onlyacceptsthatwhichispure.
Allah(mayHebeExalted)commandsthebelieversasHecommandsHismessengers.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:355)

He(ExaltedbeHe)says: O(you)Messengers!EatoftheTayyibt[allkindsofHallfoodswhichAllhhasmadelawful(meatof
slaughteredeatableanimals,milkproducts,fats,vegetables,fruits,etc.]anddorighteousdeeds. He(ExaltedbeHe)also
says: Oyouwhobelieve(intheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)!EatofthelawfulthingsthatWehaveprovidedyouwith,
andbegratefultoAllh,ifitisindeedHeWhomyouworship. Then(theProphet,peacebeuponhim)mentioneda
personwhotravelswidely,andhishairisdisheveledandcoveredwithdust.Heliftshishandtowardsthe
sky(andthusmakesthesupplication):"OLord,OLord,"whereashisdietisunlawful,hisdrinkisunlawful,
andhisclothesareunlawfulandhisnourishmentisunlawful.Howthencanhissupplicationbeaccepted?

Finally,IaskAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)toguideyouandmetoallthatpleasesHim,todirectustofollowthe
truthinourwordsandactions,tohelpustobenefitthosewhodeservetobesupported,todoubleour
rewardandthatofallthosewhoparticipateinthisproject,andtoacceptourgooddeeds.Verily,Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)istheMostBountifulandtheMostGenerous.

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh

ChairmanoftheDepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,

Ifta',Da`wah,andGuidance

`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaz

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:356)

GeneralappealtoMuslimgovernmentsandpeoples

forhelpingMuslimsinBosniaandHerzegovina

AllpraisebetoAllahAlone.MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponHisMessenger,hisfamily,
Companions,andallthosewhosupporthisDin(religion)andfollowhisguidance.

IcalluponallMuslimgovernmentsandpeoplesalongwithallotherpeacelovingcountriesthataimataiding
theoppressedtohelpMuslimsofBosniaandHerzegovinaandallthosewhojointhemintheirwaragainstthe
Serbiansandtheirsupporters.Suchhelpcanbebysendingwarriors,money,orweaponstounderpinthem.It
canalsobeintheformofmakingDu`a'(supplication)forthem.Thus,Muslimsallovertheworldhaveto
aidtheMuslimsofBosniaandHerzegovina,becausetheyareoppressedandwrongedandthegovernment
oftheSerbiansalongwithitshelpersareconstantintheirhostility,oppression,killing,andruining.The
severeinjusticethatmayleadtobadconsequencesforMuslimsofBosniaandHerzegovinaandtheirpartyare
wellknowntoallMuslimsandotherfairpeople.ItisworthmentioningthatAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)makesit
clearbothintheQur'anandSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet)thatmakingJihad(fighting)
againsttheenemyandsupportingtheoppressedareWajib(obligatory).He(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Andfight
themuntilthereisnomoreFitnah(disbeliefandpolytheism,i.e.worshippingothersbesidesAllh)andthereligion(worship)willall
beforAllhAlone[inthewholeoftheworld]. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Marchforth,whetheryouarelight(being
healthy,youngandwealthy)orheavy(beingill,oldandpoor),andstrivehardwithyourwealthandyourlivesintheCauseofAllh.
Thisisbetterforyou,ifyoubutknew. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andiftwopartiesorgroupsamongthebelieversfall
tofighting,thenmakepeacebetweenthemboth.Butifoneofthemoutragesagainsttheother,thenfightyou(all)againsttheone
thatwhichoutragestillitcomplieswiththeCommandofAllh.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:357)

SinceitisWajibtofightagainstthebelievingwrongingpartyuntilitconformstotheCommandofAllah,the
disbelievingoutragingpartyshouldbefoughtuntilitceasesitsinjusticeandenmity.

Moreover,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: butiftheyseekyourhelpinreligion,itisyourdutytohelpthem
exceptagainstapeoplewithwhomyouhaveatreatyofmutualalliance ThoseMuslimsandtheirhelpersinBosniaand
HerzegovinahavesoughtthehelpofMuslimsandallthosewholovepeaceandjustice.

Thus,itisWajibtosupportandaidthemuntilthewarstopsandpeaceismadebetweenthemandtheir
enemy.Infact,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)warnedagainstinjusticebysaying: Beonyourguardagainst
committingoppression,foroppressionisdarknessontheDayofRecompense,andbewareofstinginessasitdoomedthosewhowere
beforeyou. ItisalsoreportedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)from
A lBara'ibn`Azib(mayAllahbepleasedwiththemboth)thathesaid, TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)
orderedustohelptheoppressed.

However,therearesomanyAyahs(Qur'anicverses)andHadithontheobligationoflaunchingJihadagainst
theenemiesanddefendingtheoppressed.Thus,itisincumbentonallMuslimgovernmentsandpeoplesto
supporttheoppressedwithwarriors,weapons,money,andDu`a'.Theyaretodosoaccordingtotheir
abilityforAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: SokeepyourdutytoAllhandfearHimasmuchasyoucan Allah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!Ifyouhelp(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,andmakeyourfoothold
firm.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:358)

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Verily,AllhwillhelpthosewhohelpHis(Cause).Truly,AllhisAllStrong,AllMighty.

MayAllahguideallMuslimstoallthatpleasesHim!MayHehelpMuslimstosupportthetruth,guidethemto
allthatsettheiraffairsright,lettheoppressedbevictorious,anddetertheoppressor!Verily,Allahisthe
OneinWhosehandsareallaffairsandHeisabletodoeverything.MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeupon
ourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,andCompanions!

`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaz

ChairmanoftheConstituentAssemblyoftheMuslimWorldLeaguein

MakkahAlMukarramah

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:359)

ElaboratingoftheHadithsontheTrialsoftheEndofTime

F r o m`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaztoourhonorablebrotherSheikh`A.H.Kh.MayAllahhelpyoudowhat
pleasesHimandincreaseyourknowledgeandfaith,amen!

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

Ireceivedyourmessage,datedMuharam24,1411A.H.,mayAllahguideyou.Ihavereadallthatyouhave
mentioned.ItismypleasuretoinformyouthatScholarsstatethatHadithsmentioningtrialsandwarning
againstthemrefertotrialswhereonecannotdeterminethepartytellingthetruthandthedishonestparty.In
suchtrials,itisordainedforthebelievertobewareofthem.Thesearethetrialsthataremeantbythesaying
oftheProphet(peacebeuponhim): Hewhositswiththemwillbebetterthanhewhogetsupandhewhowalkswiththem
isbetterthanhewhoruns...

Asforthetrialswheretherightandthewrongfulpartyaredistinguished,theyarenotincludedinthe
mentionedHadiths.TheproofsfromtheQur'anandSunnahsupporttheobligationofaidingthosewhohave
beenwrongedagainsttheunjust.

Anexampleofthesetrialsiswhathappenedbetween`AlyandMuawiyah(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem
both).AhlA lSunnahi.e.theSunniMuslims,believethat`Alywasright.HeisaMujtahid(ascholarqualified
toexercisejuristicefforttoinferexpertlegalrulings)whowillhaveadoublereward.AsforMuawiyah,andhis
followers,theyarewrongfulandrebelsbuttheyareMujtahidun(scholarsqualifiedtoexercisejuristiceffort
toinferexpertlegalrulings)whowillhaveonereward,mayAllahbepleasedwiththemall.

Asforseekinghelpfromsomedisbelieverstofightagainstotherdisbelieverswhennecessary,theright
opinionisthatthereisnothingwrongwithdoingsoiftherulerchoosesto

(PartNo:7,PageNo:360)

seekhelpfromsomeindividualsorfromadisbelievingcountrytofightagainsttheaggressivecountryto
wardoffaggressionaccordingtoallproofs.Whenthereisneitheraneednoranecessity,itisimpermissible
toseektheirhelp.Whenthereisaneedoranecessity,itispermissibletoseektheirhelpaslongasthis
benefitstheMuslimsanddoesnotharmthem.DoingsomatcheswiththeShar`iproofs,becausethe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)soughtthehelpofAlMut`imIbn`AdyuponreturningfromAlTa'if.TheProphet
enteredMakkahunderhisprotection.He(peacebeuponhim)soughtthehelpof`AbdullahibnUrayqitAlDaylyto
guidehimonthewaytoMadinah.BoththesetwomenwereMushriks(thosewhoassociateotherswithAllah
inHisDivinityorworship).Moreover,theProphetallowedtheMuslimimmigrantstoimmigratetotheChristian
Abyssinia(Ethiopia)forthepublicinterestofMuslimsandkeepingthemawayfromtheharmtheymaysufferat
thehandsoftheirtribeinMakkah.

He(peacebeuponhim)borrowedarmsfromSafwanIbnUmayyah,whowasadisbeliever,duringthebattleof
Hunayn. AccordingtotheHadithof`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher),theProphetsaidtotheMushrik(onewhoassociates
otherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)whowantedtofightwithhimatthebattleofBadr:Gobackaswewillnotseekthehelpof
aMushrik. YettheProphetallowedtheJewstosettleinKhaybarandentrustedthemwiththeworksofagriculture
andpalmfarms,becauseMuslimswereinneedofsuchtreesandtheCompanionswereengagedin
defendingtheWayofAllah.WhenMuslimswereinnoneedofthedisbelievers,`Umar(mayAllahbepleased
withhim)endedthisstate.Therearemanyproofssupportingthis.

ItisobligatoryuponMuslimscholarstoreconcilethetexts,nottomakethemseemcontradictory.TheBa`th
nationismoredangeroustotheMuslimsthantheChristiannation,becauseitisapparentthatatheistsaremore
indulgedinKufrthanthepeopleoftheScripture.WhathasbeencommittedbytheBa`thistrulerofIraq
againstKuwaitexposeshisextrememaliceandplotagainstIslamandMuslims.

Itshouldbenoticedthatsomepeopleassumethatseekingthehelpofdisbelieversisconsideredsupporting
them.Butthisisnotthecase,becauseseekingtheirhelpdiffersfrom

(PartNo:7,PageNo:361)

takingthemasallies.WhenhesoughtthehelpofAlMut`imIbn`Ady,AbdullahibnUrayqit,ortheJewsofKhaybar,the
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)wasneitherallyingwiththedisbelieversnortakingthemasintimates.Rather
he(peacebeuponhim)didso,becausetheMuslimswereinneedofusingtheminsuchmattersthatwould
benefitMuslimsandkeepharmawayfromthem.

ThesameappliestosendingtheimmigrantsfromMakkahtoAbyssinia(Ethiopia).Thisisnotoutofallyingwiththe
Christians.Rather,theProphetdidsooutofseekingthebenefitofMuslimstorelievethemfromtheevil
committedagainstthem.AMuslimshoulddifferentiatebetweenwhatAllahmadedifferentandshould
employtheproofsappropriately.Allah(mayHebePraised)istheOneWhogivessuccessandtheGiverof
guidance.ThereisnoGodbutHe.ThereisnoLordexceptHim.Kindly,findtheattachedcopyofwhatwe www.ircpk.com
havewritteninthisregardandacopyofthedecisionsoftheconferenceheldinMakkahAlMukarramahduring
theperiodfrom2123/2/1411A.H.aswellasacopyofthedocumentofMakkahAlMukarramahissuedbythe
statedconference.

IaskAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)tograntusandyoucomprehensionofreligion,letusadheretoit
andcall(people)toitwithsureknowledge.MayAllahsaveus,you,andallMuslimsfromdelusive
temptation!Truly,HeisAllHearingandNear.

MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!

ThegeneralpresidentofScientificResearch,

Fatwas,Da'wahandGuidanceDepartments

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:362)

Jihad(fighting/strivingintheCauseofAllah)againsttherulerofIraqisobligatoryforMuslim

countriestosavetheirbrothersfromoppression

PraisebetoAllahWhomakesitobligatorytofightinHiscauseandpromisesasuccessfuloutcomeand
decisivevictoryinreturnforthis.ItestifythatthereisnodeityexceptAllahAloneWhohasnopartnerand
WhosaysinHisGloriousBook: and(asfor)thebelievers,itwasincumbentuponUstohelp(them). Itestifythat
MuhammadisHisservant,MessengerandHisKhalil(belovedServant)whowasthebestofMujahidun,the
sincereststrugglerandthemosttruthfultoHisservants.Peacebeuponhim,hisgood,andpurifiedfamily
andhishonorableCompanionswhodedicatedthemselvestoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andfoughtforHisCause
untilHemadeHisreligionprevailbytheirefforts.Hemadethebelieverssuperiorandthedisbelievers
inferiorbythem(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem,honoredtheirfinalendandmadeustheirfollowersin
righteousnessuntiltheDayofRecompense.)

Toproceed,JihadintheCauseofAllahisoneofthebestdeedsandactsofobediencethatdrawsaperson
closetoAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Indeed,itisthebestdeedofferedbypiouspeopleafterdoingtheprescribed
acts,becauseitresultsingrantingvictoryforthebelievers,elevatingthereligion,suppressingthe
disbelieversandhypocrites,spreadingtheIslamiccallamongpeople,bringingpeoplefromthedarknessto
thelightandfacilitatingthespreadofIslamicvirtuesanditsjustrulingsamongpeopleaswellasmany
benefitsandgoodreturnsforMuslims.TherearemanyHadithandAyahs(Qur'anicverses)relatedtothe
virtueofJihad

(PartNo:7,PageNo:363)

andtheMujahidun,whichencouragesandstimulatestruthfulMuslimstocontributeinJihadandtohave
sincereintentionsinfightingtheenemyoftheLordoftheworlds.ItisacollectiveobligationuponMuslims
ifsomepeoplefulfillthetasks,theburdenwillbeliftedfromtheothers.Sometimes,itbecomesan
individualobligation,whichnoMuslimcanignoreunlesslegallyexcused,likewhentherulercallsforwaror
theenemybesiegesanIslamiccountry.

TherearesomanyproofsoftheQur'anandtheSunnahonthemeritofJihadandtheMujahidun,asAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)saysinHisBook: Marchforth,whetheryouarelight(beinghealthy,youngandwealthy)orheavy(beingill,
oldandpoor),andstrivehardwithyourwealthandyourlivesintheCauseofAllh.Thisisbetterforyou,ifyoubutknew. Hadit
beenaneargain(bootyinfrontofthem)andaneasyjourney,theywouldhavefollowedyou,butthedistance(Tabukexpedition)was
longforthemandtheywouldswearbyAllh,"Ifweonlycould,wewouldcertainlyhavecomeforthwithyou."Theydestroytheir
ownselves,andAllhknowsthattheyareliars. MayAllhforgiveyou(OMuhammad).Whydidyougrantthem
leave(forremainingbehindyoushouldhavepersistedasregardsyourordertothemtoproceedonJihd),untilthosewhotoldthe
truthwereseenbyyouinaclearlight,andyouhadknowntheliars? ThosewhobelieveinAllhandtheLastDaywouldnotask
yourleavetobeexemptedfromfightingwiththeirpropertiesandtheirlivesandAllhistheAllKnowerofAlMuttaqn(thepious
SeeV.2:2). ItisonlythosewhobelievenotinAllhandtheLastDayandwhoseheartsareindoubtthataskyourleave(tobe
exemptedfromJihd).Sointheirdoubtstheywaver.

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HasteningtoJihad

InthesehonorableAyahs,AllahcommandsHisbelievingservants,oldandyoung,tohastentoJihadwith

(PartNo:7,PageNo:364)

theirpropertiesandlivesforthecauseofAllah,becausethisisbetterforthemintheworldlylifeandinthe
Hereafter.AllahthenexplainstheconditionofthehypocritesandtheirreluctancetocontributetoJihad
becauseoftheirmaliciousintention.Thiswillbringforththeirdestruction,asAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)says, Haditbeenaneargain(bootyinfrontofthem)andaneasyjourney,theywouldhavefollowedyou,butthedistance
(Tabukexpedition)waslongforthem (SurahAlTawbah,9:42)

Then,AllahlightlyblamesHisProphet(peacebeuponhim)forhispermissionforsomehypocritestostayat
homewithouttakingpartinJihad.He(mayHebePraised)says: MayAllhforgiveyou(OMuhammad
).Whydidyougrantthemleave(forremainingbehindyoushouldhavepersistedasregardsyourordertothemtoproceedon
Jihd) Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)explainsthatdenyingthempermissionwillhelpdisclosethe
truthfulfromtheliars.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)thensaysthattheMuslimwhobelievesinAllah
andtheLastDaywillnotseekpermissiontobeexemptedfromJihadwithoutalegalexcusebecauseofhis
deepIman(Faith)inAllahandtheLastDaythaturgeshimtoJihadandcombat.Allahfurthermentionsthat
thosewhowanttobeexemptedfromJihadarethosewholackImaninAllahanddoubtHisreligion.This
shouldbethemainincentivebehindhasteningtoJihadinthecauseofAllahandwarningagainstremaining
behind.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)saysregardingthevirtueofMujahids(thosewhostrive/fightinthecauseof
Allah): Verily,Allhhaspurchasedofthebelieverstheirlivesandtheirpropertiesfor(theprice)thattheirsshallbetheParadise.
TheyfightinAllhsCause,sotheykill(others)andarekilled.ItisapromiseintruthwhichisbindingonHimintheTaurt(Torah)
andtheInjeel(Gospel)andtheQurn.AndwhoistruertohiscovenantthanAllh?Thenrejoiceinthebargainwhichyouhave
concluded.Thatisthesupremesuccess.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:365)

ThisnobleAyahdeclaresgreatencouragementtoJihadinthecauseofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
andthatthetrueMu'min(believer)wouldsacrificeitall,hislife,andpropertyforthesakeofAllah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)whoacceptsthatpurchaseandpromisesJannah(Paradise)inreturnforit,asbelievers
killandarekilledinAllah'scause.AllahfurtherproceedswithremindingthatHe(mayHebePraised)
mentionedtherewarddedicatedfortheMujahidsinthebestandmostnobleBooksHerevealedtheTawrah
(Torah),theInjil(Gospel),andtheQur'an.Allah(mayHebePraised)alsoexplainsthatHeistheMost
truthfulinHispromisessothatbelieverswouldrestassuredwiththebargaintheyhaveconcludedwhereby
theycontentedlyandsincerelydedicatetheirlivesandpropertiesforthesakeofmakingHiswordsupreme
expectingAllah'sfullrewardhereandintheHereafter.Allahthenordersthemtorejoicethatbargainwhich
willnotonlyensurethemgreatrewardandgoodend,butalsomakethetruthanditspeoplevictoriousand
thedisbelieversandhypocritesdisgraced.ItwillalsopavethewaytothespreadofIslamthroughoutthe
globe.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Oyouwhobelieve!ShallIguideyoutoatradethatwillsaveyoufroma
painfultorment? ThatyoubelieveinAllhandHisMessenger(Muhammad)andthatyoustrivehardandfightin
theCauseofAllhwithyourwealthandyourlives:thatwillbebetterforyou,ifyoubutknow! (Ifyoudoso)Hewillforgiveyou
yoursins,andadmityouintoGardensunderwhichriversflow,andpleasantdwellingsinAdn(Eden)Paradisethatisindeedthegreat
success. Andalso(Hewillgiveyou)another(blessing)whichyoulove,helpfromAllh(againstyourenemies)andanearvictory.
Andgivegladtidings(OMuhammad)tothebelievers.

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TheGreatTrade

ThesenobleAyahsclearlymanifest

(PartNo:7,PageNo:366)

thatbeliefinAllahandHisMessengerandfightingforthecauseofAllaharetheGreatTradethatsavesfrom
theterribletormentontheDayofResurrection.CananythingbemoreencouragingtohasteningtoJihad!It
isknownthatbelievinginAllahandHisMessengerimpliesthecreedofTawhid(beliefintheOnenessof
Allah/monotheism)ofAllahandworshippingHimalone(mayHebePraised)andtheperformanceofthe
religiousobligationsthatAllahenjoinsandgivingupHisprohibitions.JihadforthecauseofAllahis
thereforeimpliedasoneofthegreatestandmostimportantIslamicritualsandobligations.Yet,Allah
mentionsitindividuallyforitsgreatrankandencouragingbelieverstohastentoitforthegreatbenefitsand
outcomesinrelationtoit.Allah(mayHebePraised)mentionstherewardhededicatedfortheMujahidswith
regardstoforgivenessoftheirsinsandblesseddwellingintheAbodeofHonorsothattheirdesireforJihad
isstrengthenedandtheyhastentoitwiththosewhoundertakeit.

TherewardforthosewhofightinthecauseofAllahisnotdelayedtotheeternallifebuttheirrewardinthis
worldlylifeisachievedthroughtheirvictoryovertheirenemies.Thisincludestheutmostencouragementfor
them.

ThereareotherAyahsinrelationtothevirtueofJihadandMujahids.However,theonesmentionedwill
sufficeandenergizethetruebelieverstotakepartandanticipatethehighranks,greatbenefits,and
outcomes.AllahistheOneWhosehelpissought.

AsfortheHadithsonthemeritofJihadandMujahidsandwarningagainstabandoningit,theyare
numerous,butwewillmentionsomeofthemsothatthosewhofightinthecauseofAllahwillknow

(PartNo:7,PageNo:367)

someoftheProphet'ssayingsonthemeritofJihadandthehighrankofthosewhoparticipateinit.

ItisreportedintheTwoSahihBooksontheauthorityofSahlIbnSa`d(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)that
theMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said, ToguardMuslimsfrominfidelsinAllah'sCauseforonedayisbetter
thantheworldandwhateverisinit,andaplaceinParadiseassmallasthatoccupiedbythewhipofoneofyouisbetterthanthe
worldandwhateverisinitandamorning'soranevening'sjourneywhichaslave(person)travelsinAllah'sCauseisbetterthanthe
worldandwhateverisinit. ItisalsoreportedontheauthorityofAbuHurayrah(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)
thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, TheexampleofaMujahidinAllah'sCauseandAllahknowsbetterwhoreally
strivesinHisCauseislikeapersonwhofastsandprayscontinuously.AllahguaranteesthatHewilladmittheMujahidinHisCause
intoParadise,ifheiskilledotherwiseHewillreturnhimtohishomesafelywithrewardsandwarbooty. (RelatedbyMuslimin
hisSahih)AccordingtoanotherwordingofMuslim: Allahhasundertakentolookaftertheaffairsofonewhogoesoutto
fightinHisCausebelievinginHimandaffirmingthetruthofHismessengers.HeiscommittedtoHiscarethatHewilleitheradmithim
toParadiseorbringhimbacktohishomefromwherehesetoutwitharewardor(hisshareof)booty.

ItisalsoauthenticallyreportedontheauthorityofAbuHurayrah(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thatthe
MessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said, WhoeveriswoundedwhilefightinginthewayofAllahwillcomeontheDay
ofResurrectionwithbloodoozingfromhiswoundhavingthecolorofbloodandthefragranceofmusk. (AgreeduponbyAl
BukhariandMuslim).ItisalsoreportedontheauthorityofAnas(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thatthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)said, CombattheMushriks(thosewhoassociateothersintheworshipofAllah)byyour
property,persons,andtongues. (RelatedbyAhmadAlNasa'y,andAlHakimrankeditasauthentic).Itisalsoreportedinthe
TwoSahihBooksthatwhentheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)wasonceasked, Whatisthebestdeed?
Hereplied:TobelieveinAllahandHisMessenger(Muhammad).Thequestionerthenasked:Whatisthenext(ingoodness)?He
(peacebeuponhim)replied:ToparticipateinJihad(religiousfighting)inAllah'sCause.Thequestioneragainasked:Whatisthenext
(ingoodness)?Hereplied:ToperformHajj(PilgrimagetoMakkah)Mabrur,(whichisacceptedbyAllahandisperformedwiththe
intentionofseekingAllah'spleasureonly,nottoshowoffandwithoutcommittingasinandinaccordancewiththetraditionsofthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)). Similarly,ontheauthorityofAbu`AbsibnGabr

(PartNo:7,PageNo:368)

A lAnsary(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Anyonewhosebothfeetgetcoveredwithdust
inAllah'sCausewillnotbetouchedby(Hell)fire. (RelatedbyAlBukharyinhisSahih)Likewise,AbuHurayrah(mayAllahbepleased
withhim)narratedthattheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said, HewhodieswithouthavingfoughtintheCauseofAllahor
withouthavingthoughtofdoingso,willdiewithonecharacteristicofhypocrisyinhim. Similarly,ontheauthorityofIbn`Umar(may
Allahbepleasedwiththem)thathesaid:IheardtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)saying: Whenyouenterintothe`Inah
sale(salewithimmediatecashrepurchaseforprofit),holdthetailsofoxen,arepleasedwithagriculture,andgiveupconductingjihad
(struggleinthewayofAllah),Allahwillmakedisgraceprevailoveryou,andwillnotwithdrawituntilyoureturntoyouroriginal
religion. (RelatedbyAhmad,AbuDawud,andauthenticatedbyIbnAlQattan)AlHafizIbnHajarsaidin"BilughAlMaram",'Itis
narratedbythereliableandtrustworthynarrators."

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ThesuperiorrankoftheMujahids

TherearemanyHadithsonthemeritsofJihad(fighting/strivingintheCauseofAllah)andMujahids(those
striving/fightingintheCauseofAllah)andthedeclarationofwhatAllahhaspreparedfortrueMujahidsof
superiorranks.TheHadithsalsodeclaresgreatrewardforthosewhoperformJihadandawfulthreatsfor
thosewhoabandonit.However,inthelasttwoHadithsandtheirpurports,thereisanimplicationthatthe
relinquishmentofJihadanddisregardingitisasortofhypocrisy,andthatengagingintrade,cultivation,and
Riba(usury/interest)basedtransactionwithoutobservingJihadisoneofthecausesofMuslims'humiliation
andthedominationoftheirenemiesoverthemasthepresentrealitytells.Suchhumiliationwillnotcometo
anendunlessthey(Muslims)reverttotheirDin(religionofIslam),abidebyit,andstriveinitscause.May
AllahcauseustocomebacktoHisDin,adjusttheMuslimleadersandtheirretinue!MayAllahunitethemon
thetruthandgrantthemsuccessinunderstandingtheirreligion,strivinginthecauseof

(PartNo:7,PageNo:369)

theLordofallworldsuntilHegrantsthempowerandendstheirhumiliation.MayAllahgrantthemvictory
overHisEnemiesandtheirs,forHeistheMostAbletodothis.

OneoftheformsofJihadobservedinthecauseofAllahnowadaysisfightingtherulerofIraqforhistyranny
andaggressionagainstKuwait,killinginnocentpeople,stealingtheirmoney,debasingthem,andrefraining
fromwithdrawinghisarmyoutofthecountry.Thereisnodoubtthatstrivingagainsthimisoneofthe
greatestformsofJihad.Thus,itisobligatoryuponallIslamiccountriestosavetheirfellowsfromhis
oppression,bringtheircountrybacktothem,anddrivehimoutofthecountrybymeansofforce,forhis
insistenceontyranny,aggression,andabstainingfromreturningtothetruth.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)says: Andiftwopartiesorgroupsamongthebelieversfalltofighting,thenmakepeacebetweenthemboth.Butifoneofthem
outragesagainsttheother,thenfightyou(all)againsttheonethatwhichoutragestillitcomplieswiththeCommandofAllh.Thenif
itcomplies,thenmakereconciliationbetweenthemjustly,andbeequitable.Verily!Allhlovesthosewhoaretheequitable.

Thus,inthisnobleAyah,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)ordainspeopletofighttheoppressivegroupofMu'minin
(believers)untilitcompliestotheCommandsofAllah.SincetheoppressivegroupofMu'mininistobe
foughtuntiltheyreturntothetruth,foragreaterreason,itismoreobligatorytofighttheunbelievinggroup
suchastherulerofIraqandhislikes.Thereby,itshouldbeknownthatstrivingagainsthimisagreatIslamic
Jihadandthatwhoeveriskilledinthisfightwillbeamartyrandwillattaingreatrewardiftheyadjusttheir
intentiontobeinthecauseofAllah.Moreover,thereisnothingwronginseekingthehelpofnonMuslim
countrieswhennecessary.Also,becausethisincludessupportin

(PartNo:7,PageNo:370)

deterringaKafir(disbeliever)andoppressivepersonaswellassupportingthewrongedparty.Itis
authenticallyreportedthattheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said: Allahmaysupportthisreligion(i.e.
Islam)evenwithadisobedientman Moreover,AllahhadsupportedHisProphet(peacebeuponhim)withhis
uncleAbuTalibwhilehecontinuedtoembracehispeople'sreligioninMakkahAlMukarramah.Healsosupported
him(peacebeuponhim)afterthedeathofhisuncleAbuTalibwhenhearrivedtoMakkahAlMukarramahafter
returningfrom A lTa'ifwithAlMut`imibn`AdywhowasalsoaKafir.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysin
HisGreatBook: whileHehasexplainedtoyouindetailwhatisforbiddentoyou,exceptundercompulsionofnecessity

Indeed,theproofsonthisarenumerousandscholarshaveclarifiedtheminthechapterofJihad.Moreover,
wehavealsoclarifiedtheopinionofscholarsinthismatterinaseparatearticle.Furthermore,theIslamic
conferencewhichwasheldinMakkahAlMukarramahon21/2/1411A.H.declaredsupporttowhatwehave
mentioned.TheconferencealsoissuedadocumentinMakkahsupportingthisaswell.Verily,thisremovesany
doubtorconfusionthatmayafflictsomepeople.AllahistheOneWhograntssuccess!

www.ircpk.com

Preparingforces

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)ordersthebelieverstoprepareagainstthedisbelieversasmuchasthey
canofstrengthandpowerandtotaketheirprecautions.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Andmakereadyagainst
themallyoucanofpower Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!Takeyourprecautions Thisindicates
theobligationoftakingthenecessary

(PartNo:7,PageNo:371)

meansandprotectivemeasuresagainsttheschemesofenemies.

Thisincludesalltypesofpreparationthatarerelatedtoweaponsandbodies.Thisalsoincludesallmoral
andphysicalmeans,trainingtheMujahids(fightersintheCauseofAllah)onusingdifferenttypesof
weapons,andguidingthemtoallthatsupportstheminfightingagainsttheirenemyandensuresthem
safetyfromitsschemesduringattackandretreat[inthebattle]intheland,onairandsea,andinall
conditions.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)generalizedpreparationsandprecautionsthatshouldbetaken
anddidnotdefineaspecifictypeorcondition.Thisisduetothedifferenceoftimes,varietyofweapons,
diversityofenemiesinnumberandstrength,anddifferenceoftypesofJihadthatmaybeeitheroffensiveor
defensive.

Hence,forthesereasonsandothers,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)generalizedthepreparationandprecautionto
encourageMuslimleaders,heads,andthinkerstoprepareagainsttheirenemiesasmuchstrengthasthey
can,andtotakethesuitableprecautions.

ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Warisbutaplot. Thismeansthata


partycanprovesuccessfulbyusingcunninganddeceitduringwarandachieveresultsbeyondstrengthand
hugenumbers.Thisprincipleiswellknownandproven,yetitshouldbeusedwithoutprejudicetoan
agreementandpromise.

OntheDayofAlAhzab,MushrikeenandtheJewsweredeceivedbyNu`aymIbnMas`ud(mayAllahbepleased
withhim)aftertakingthepermissionoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)todoso.Thisledtothedisunity,
disagreement,anddefeatofthedisbelievers,andtotheconsolidationandvictoryoftheMuslims.This
victorywasduetoAllahsFavoruponthebelieversandHisPerfectPlotagainstthedisbelievers.Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)says, theywereplottingandAllhtoowasplottingandAllhistheBestofthosewhoplot.

Hence,itisclearto

(PartNo:7,PageNo:372)

thepeoplewhohaveinsightthatitisobligatorytoobeyAllahsOrders,prepareagainstAllahsdisbelievers
asmuchstrengthastheycan,taketheirprecautions,makeuseofallpossiblephysicalandmoralmeans,be
sinceretoAllah,dependonHim,abidebyHistruereligion,andaskHimforsupportandvictory.Allah(may
HebeExaltedandGlorified)istheSupporterofHisTrueBelieversaslongastheyperformHisRights,fulfill
HisOrders,andcarryouttheirJihadfaithfullytomakeAllahsWordtheuppermostandtosupportHis
religion.

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)promisedtheminHisHonorableBooktograntthemvictory,andinformedthemthat
nonecangivevictorybutHim.ThisistoencouragethemtotrustanddependonHimaswellasadoptand
employall[permissible]means.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Oyouwhobelieve!Ifyouhelp(inthe
causeof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,andmakeyourfootholdfirm. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: and(asfor)thebelievers,it
wasincumbentuponUstohelp(them). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Verily,Allhwillhelpthosewho
helpHis(Cause).Truly,AllhisAllStrong,AllMighty. Those(Muslimrulers)who,ifWegivethempowerintheland,(they)enjoin
Iqamata sSalt[i.e.toperformthefivecompulsorycongregationalSalt(prayers)(themalesinmosques)],topaytheZaktand
theyenjoinAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbidAlMunkar(i.e.disbelief,polytheismand
allthatIslmhasforbidden)[i.e.theymaketheQurnasthelawoftheircountryinallthespheresoflife].AndwithAllhreststhe
endof(all)matters(ofcreatures). He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays, Allhhaspromisedthoseamongyouwho
believeanddorighteousgooddeeds,thatHewillcertainlygrantthemsuccessionto(thepresentrulers)intheland,asHegrantedit
tothosebeforethem,andthatHewillgrantthemtheauthoritytopractisetheirreligionwhichHehaschosenforthem(i.e.Islm).
AndHewillsurelygivetheminexchangeasafesecurityaftertheirfear(provided)they(believers)worshipMeanddonotassociate
anything(inworship)withMe. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: ButifyouremainpatientandbecomeAl
Muttaqn[thepiousSeeV.2:2],nottheleastharmwilltheircunningdotoyou.Surely,Allhsurroundsallthattheydo.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:373)

He(mayHebePraised)alsosays, (Remember)whenyousoughthelpofyourLordandHeansweredyou(saying):"Iwill
helpyouwithathousandoftheangelseachbehindtheother(followingoneanother)insuccession." Allhmadeitonlyasglad
tidings,andthatyourheartsbeatresttherewith.AndthereisnovictoryexceptfromAllh.Verily,AllhisAllMighty,AllWise.

Also,thismeaningwasmentionedinSurahAlSafasHe(ExaltedbeHe)says, Oyouwhobelieve!ShallIguideyou www.ircpk.com


toatradethatwillsaveyoufromapainfultorment? ThatyoubelieveinAllhandHisMessenger(Muhammad)
andthatyoustrivehardandfightintheCauseofAllhwithyourwealthandyourlives:thatwillbebetterforyou,ifyoubutknow!
(Ifyoudoso)Hewillforgiveyouyoursins,andadmityouintoGardensunderwhichriversflow,andpleasantdwellingsinAdn(Eden)
Paradisethatisindeedthegreatsuccess. Andalso(Hewillgiveyou)another(blessing)whichyoulove,helpfromAllh(against
yourenemies)andanearvictory.Andgivegladtidings(OMuhammad)tothebelievers.

TherearemanyotherAyahswhichindicatethismeaning.WhenourSalaf(RighteousPredecessors)fulfilled
theOrdersofAllahandHisProphet,andwerepatientandfaithfulintheirJihadagainsttheirenemy,Allah
grantedthemvictory,supportedthemandmadea[blessed]endfortheminspiteoftheirsmallnumbers
andmeagerequipmentascomparedtotheirenemy.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Howoftena
smallgroupovercameamightyhostbyAllhsLeave?AndAllhiswithAsSbirn(thepatient). Allah(GlorifiedandExalted
beHe)alsosays: IfAllhhelpsyou,nonecanovercomeyouandifHeforsakesyou,whoisthereafterHimthatcanhelpyou?
AndinAllh(Alone)letbelieversputtheirtrust.

WhenmanyMuslimschanged,dispersed,neglected

(PartNo:7,PageNo:374)

theOrdersoftheirLordandpreferredtheirpersonaldesires,theysufferedhumiliation,shame,andtyranny
oftheirenemiesthathasbecomeevidenttoeveryone.Thisisduetofaults,sins,disunity,disagreement,the
appearanceofShirk,heresies,andevilsinmostcountries,andabandoningtheShari`ah.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, ThatissobecauseAllhwillneverchangeagracewhichHehasbestowedona
peopleuntiltheychangewhatisintheirownselves. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Evil(sinsand
disobediencetoAllh)hasappearedonlandandseabecauseofwhatthehandsofmenhaveearned(byoppressionandevildeeds),
thatHe(Allh)maymakethemtasteapartofthatwhichtheyhavedone,inorderthattheymayreturn(byrepentingtoAllh,and
beggingHisPardon).

WhenthearcherswhowereappointedbyProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)duringtheBattleof
UhudtoguardtherearofMuslimsdisagreedandlefttheirassignedpositions,manyMuslimswerekilledand
injuredandthewellknowndefeatoccurred.WhenMuslimsdisapprovedofthis,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)
revealedthefollowingAyah, (Whatisthematterwithyou?)Whenasingledisastersmitesyou,althoughyousmote(your
enemies)withonetwiceasgreat,yousay:"Fromwheredoesthiscometous?"Say(tothem),"Itisfromyourselves(becauseofyour
evildeeds)."AndAllhhaspoweroverallthings.

Ifanyonewouldbesafefromtheevilsandgrievousconsequencesofsins,itwouldbetheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)andhishonorableSahabahontheDayofUhudastheywerethebestpeopleandwere
defendingAllah'sCause.However,whathappenedtothemwasduetotheunintentionalsinofthearchers
whodidnotintendtodisobeytheProphet(peacebeuponhim)orneglecthisordersassuch.Whenthey
sawthedefeatofthedisbelievers,theyfeltthatthematterwasoverandtheirstayingintheirplace

(PartNo:7,PageNo:375)

wasunnecessary.

TheyshouldnothavelefttheirpositionsandshouldhaveremainedintheirplacesaslongastheProphetdid
notpermitthemtomove.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)decreedandpredeterminedthissituationforasignificant
wisdom,greataims,andhugebenefits,whichHe(ExaltedbeHe)clarifiedandmadeknowntothebelievers
inHisEverGloriousBook.

Inaddition,thisisaproofonthetruthofProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim),hisbeingatrue
messengerandahumanbeingwhocanbeaffectedbywoundsandpainthataffectanyhuman.Also,this
denotesthathe(peacebeuponhim)isnotadeitytobeworshippedortheownerofvictory,asvictoryisin
theHandsofAllahandHe(ExaltedbeHe)grantsittowhomsoeverHewills.Muslimshavenootherwayto
restoretheirpastgloryandvictoryovertheirenemyexceptbyreturningtotheirreligion,abidingbyits
teachings,supportingwhoeversupportsit,antagonizingwhoeverantagonizesit,seekingAllah'sJudgmentin
allaffairs,unifyingtheirworduponthetruth,andcooperatinginrighteousnessandpiety.ImamMalikIbnAnas
(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)statedthatnothingwouldrectifythelatergenerationofthisUmmah
(Muslimnation)exceptthatwhichrectifieditsearliergeneration.

Actually,thisisthesayingofallscholars.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)rectifiedtheearliergeneration
ofthisUmmahwhentheyfollowedHisteachings,heldfasttotheRopeofAllah,weretruthfulintheir
commitmenttoHim,andcooperatedindoingrighteousandpiousdeeds.Hence,thestateofthelater
generationwillnotberectifiedexceptbyadheringtothegreatpathoftheearliergeneration.

MayAllahguideMuslimstohavegoodcomprehensionofHisDin(religion),unitethemontheTruth,make
themadheretotheteachingsofHisBookandtheSunnahofHisProphet(peacebeuponhim)!MayAllah
helpthemgovernbytheShari`ah!HeisAllBountifulandMostGenerous.MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessings
beuponourProphet,Muhammad,hisfamily,andcompanions!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:376)

ThebestJihadofourtimeisfightingtherulerofIraq

HisEminenceShaykh`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahibnBaz,ChairmanoftheDepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,Ifta',
Daw`ah,andGuidance,saidthatoneofthebestformsofJihad(fightingintheCauseofAllah)nowadaysis
fightingtherulerofIraq,forhisinjusticeandaggressionagainstKuwait.Healsoshedthebloodofitspeople,
tooktheirmoneyasbooty,rapedthemandthreatenedtheneighboringGulfcountries.

HisEminencestatedthatitisaseriousattackandagravecrimeforwhichheshouldbefoughtbythe
Muslims.

ThroughAlDa`wahMagazine,HisEminenceShaykhIbnBazadvisedtheMuslimsingeneral,andthe
inhabitantsoftheGulfcountriesinparticular,tofightthisoppressorcollectively.

HealsoadvisedthosewhohelptherulerofIraqtofearAllahasHeshouldbefeared,performTawbah
(repentancetoAllah),andsupportAlHaqq(theTruth)whereveritmightbe,asithastheprioritytobe
followedandsupported.

BelowisthetextofHisEminence'swords:

PraisebetoAllah.MayAllah'speaceandblessingsbeuponHisMessenger.

ProofsfromShari`ah(Islamiclaw)indicatethemeritsofJihadthatitisoneofthebestmeanstogetcloser
toAllahandthetopmostpartofIslam.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, TherootofthismatterisIslamits
pillarisSalah(Prayer)anditstopmostpointisJihad

(PartNo:7,PageNo:377)

intheCauseofAllah. AllahaskedustoperformJihadinmanyinstancesintheQur'anHepraisedthosewhoperformitverymuch
andpromisedthemmuchgoodness.He(GlorifiedbeHe)says, Marchforth,whetheryouarelight(beinghealthy,youngandwealthy)
orheavy(beingill,oldandpoor),andstrivehardwithyourwealthandyourlivesintheCauseofAllh.Thisisbetterforyou,ifyou
butknew.

He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Oyouwhobelieve!ShallIguideyoutoatradethatwillsaveyoufromapainfultorment?
ThatyoubelieveinAllhandHisMessenger(Muhammad)andthatyoustrivehardandfightintheCauseofAllh
withyourwealthandyourlives:thatwillbebetterforyou,ifyoubutknow! (Ifyoudoso)Hewillforgiveyouyoursins,andadmit
youintoGardensunderwhichriversflow,andpleasantdwellingsinAdn(Eden)Paradisethatisindeedthegreatsuccess. And
also(Hewillgiveyou)another(blessing)whichyoulove,helpfromAllh(againstyourenemies)andanearvictory.Andgiveglad
tidings(OMuhammad)tothebelievers. He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays, Verily,Allhhaspurchased
ofthebelieverstheirlivesandtheirpropertiesfor(theprice)thattheirsshallbetheParadise.TheyfightinAllhsCause,sotheykill
(others)andarekilled.ItisapromiseintruthwhichisbindingonHimintheTaurt(Torah)andtheInjeel(Gospel)andtheQurn.
AndwhoistruertohiscovenantthanAllh?Thenrejoiceinthebargainwhichyouhaveconcluded.Thatisthesupremesuccess.

TherearemanyAyahs(Qur'anicverses)thatstressthismeaning.InaSahih(authentic)Hadith,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)
s a i d , Useyourproperty,yourselvesandyourtonguesinstrivingagainsttheMushriks(thosewhoassociateotherswithAllahinHis
Divinityorworship). He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid, Asingleendeavor(offighting)inAllah'sCauseintheforenoonorinthe
afternoonisbetterthanthewholeworld.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:378)

Jihadisveryimportantandhasgreatmerits.

AMujahid(onefightingintheCauseofAllah)ispromisedbyAllahtobeforgiven,toenterJannah(Paradise)andtohavevictoryand
nearconquest.ThispleaseseveryMu'min(believer).Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysaboutsupportingHisreligion,whetherby
Jihadoranyothermeans, Oyouwhobelieve!Ifyouhelp(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,andmakeyourfootholdfirm. He
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays, Verily,AllhwillhelpthosewhohelpHis(Cause).Truly,AllhisAllStrong,AllMighty.
Those(Muslimrulers)who,ifWegivethempowerintheland,(they)enjoinIqamatasSalt[i.e.toperformthefivecompulsory
congregationalSalt(prayers)(themalesinmosques)],topaytheZaktandtheyenjoinAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandall
thatIslmordersonetodo),andforbidAlMunkar(i.e.disbelief,polytheismandallthatIslmhasforbidden)[i.e.theymakethe
Qurnasthelawoftheircountryinallthespheresoflife].AndwithAllhreststheendof(all)matters(ofcreatures).

WhentheProphet(peacebeuponhim)wasaskedaboutamanfightingoutofcourage,zeal,orRiya'(showingoff),he(peacebe
uponhim)said, ApersonwhofightssothatAllah'sWord(Islam)shouldbesuperior,theyaretheonesfightingintheCauseofAllah.
He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid, Apersonwhoiskilledwhiledefendingtheirpropertyisamartyrapersonwhoiskilledwhile
defendingtheirownlifeisamartyrandapersonwhoiskilledwhiledefendingtheirfamilyisamartyr.

Amancametohimandsaid, "OMessengerofAllah!WhatshallIdoifamancomestoseizemymoney?"Hesaid,"Donotgivehim
yourmoney."Themansaid,"Whatifhefightswithme?"Hesaid,"Fighthimback."Themansaid,"Whatifhekillsme?"Hesaid,"You
willbeamartyr."Themansaid,"WhatifIkillhim?"Hesaid,"HewillbeinHellfire." RelatedbyMusliminhisSahihBookofHadith.

TherearemanyAyahsandHadithsaboutthemeritsofJihadandthegreatrewardofMujahids.Inthepresenttime,oneofthebest
formsofJihadisfighting www.ircpk.com
(PartNo:7,PageNo:379)

therulerofIraqforhisaggressiononKuwait,sheddingblood,takingmoneyasbooty,rapingpeopleandthreateningtheneighboring
Gulfcountries.

ThereisnodoubtthatthisisgraveinjusticeandaseriouscrimeforwhichheshouldbefoughtbytheMuslims.Thosewhofighthim
withapureintentionwillbegreatlyrewardediftheyarekilled,theywillbemartyrs,astheywillbekilledwhilesupportingthe
oppressedandprotectingtheMuslimsfromtheeviloftherulerofIraq.ThosewhoarekilledwhilesupportingtherulerofIraqwillbe
throwninHellfire,astheyhavehelpedtheoppressorsandfoughtforthesakeofinjustice.

IadvisealltheMuslimsingeneralandtheGulfcountriesinparticulartofightthisoppressorcollectively.ItisagreatformofJihad.
Thosewhoperformitarepromisedgreatrewardandgoodconsequences.

MyadvicetothosewhosupporttherulerofIraqistofearAllahasHeshouldbefeared,performTawbah,andsupportAlHaqq
whereveritmaybe,asithastheprioritytobefollowed.

ItisauthenticallyreportedfromtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)thathesaid, "Helpyourbrotherswhethertheyare
oppressorsoroppressed."Amansaid,"OMessengerofAllah!Icanhelpthemiftheyareoppressed,butiftheyareoppressors,how
canIhelpthem?"TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said,"Bypreventingthemfromoppressingothers,forthatishowtohelpthem.

Thismanhasoppressedpeople,attackedKuwaitandthreatenedhisneighboringcountries,inadditiontobeinganatheist.Thus,heis
bothanatheistandanoppressor.IfhehadbeenatrueMuslim,heshouldhavebeenfoughtuntilhegivesback

(PartNo:7,PageNo:380)

therightstotheirowners,accordingtoAllah'ssaying, Andiftwopartiesorgroupsamongthebelieversfalltofighting,thenmake
peacebetweenthemboth.Butifoneofthemoutragesagainsttheother,thenfightyou(all)againsttheonethatwhichoutragestillit
complieswiththeCommandofAllh.Thenifitcomplies,thenmakereconciliationbetweenthemjustly,andbeequitable.Verily!Allh
lovesthosewhoaretheequitable.

However,hedidnotcomplywithAllah'sordersandhestillhastoreturntherightstotheirowners.Thus,heshouldbefoughtuntilhe
does.ThisisifhehadbeenaMuslim.Whatifheisknowntobeanatheist?

HeshouldthusbefoughtagainstuntilhecorrectsthewronghehaddonetopeopleandwithdrawshisarmyfromKuwait
unconditionally.TheTawbahofanoppressorisnotaccepteduntiltheycorrectthewrongtheyhaddonetopeopleandreturnthe
rightstotheirowners.

MayAllahsetrighttheaffairsofallMuslims,supportthemagainsttheirenemies,helpthemfightthisoppressivetyrant,defeathim
anddispersehisunity,andafflicthimwithadisgracefultorment!He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)istheMostGenerousOne.

MayAllah'speaceandblessingsbeuponHisSlaveandMessenger,hisfamily,Companionsandthosewhofollowedhimrightfully.

HisEminence,Shaykh`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahibnBazansweredanumberofquestions,inwhichheclarifiedthatitisprescribed
fortheMuslimstosupplicatetoAllahtograntsuccessandvictoryfortheirtheMujahidsand

(PartNo:7,PageNo:381)

defeattheenemies,toreciteQunut(supplicationrecitedwhilestandingafterbowinginthelastunitofPrayer)ofcatastrophesthat
Allahmaydefeatthem,destroytheirunity,helptheMuslimsagainstthem,returntherightsoftheoppressedtothem,letdownthe
oppressorsandmaketheirevilplottingagainstthem!

HisEminencealsosaidinanswertoaquestionabouttheQunutofcatastrophesthatitisaconfirmedSunnahineverySalah(Prayer).
ItmeanssupplicatingtoAllahagainsttheoppressors,mayAllahdisgracethem,dishonorthem,defeatthem,destroytheirunityand
grantvictorytotheMuslimsoverthem.

HealsoansweredaquestionaboutblooddonationssayingthatitispermissibleforMuslimstodonatebloodtotheirMuslimbrothers,
iftheyarewoundedandtheyneedit,providedthatitdoesnotharmthedonoraccordingtothespecializeddoctors.

InhisreplytothequestionaboutthedutyonaMusliminsuchcircumstances,HisEminencesaid,

AMuslimshouldtrustinAllahandbelievethatHe(GlorifiedbeHe)istheOneWhosupportsHisServantsandHeistheOneWho
grantsvictory,gives,prevents,harmsandbenefitspeople.He(GlorifiedbeHe)says, and(asfor)thebelievers,itwasincumbent
uponUstohelp(them). He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays, AndthereisnovictoryexceptfromAllh.Verily,AllhisAll
Mighty,AllW i s e . He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosaysinwhatwasrelatedbytheProphet(peacebeuponhim), IamasMy
ServantthinksofMeandIamwiththemwhenevertheysupplicatetoMe. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Letnoneofyou
dieunlesstheyhavegoodexpectationsofAllah

(PartNo:7,PageNo:382)

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays, andputyourtrustinAllhifyouarebelieversindeed. He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays,


AndwhosoeverputshistrustinAllh,thenHewillsufficehim.

HisEminenceShaykhIbnBazclarifiedthattheMuslimsshouldhavegoodexpectationsofAllah,puttheirtrustinHim,dependonHim,
andbelievethatHeistheOneWhosupportsthosewhosupportHim,andthatHeistheOneWhograntsvictory.He(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)says, Oyouwhobelieve!Ifyouhelp(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,andmakeyourfootholdfirm. Thisis
certainlybesidesmakinguseofthematerialmeans.

Hesaid,"Believersareaskedtoseekthemeanstoaidtheminfightingtheirenemies,whetherweapons,takingmeasures,soldiers
andpower.AllthisisnecessaryinadditiontoTawakkul(puttingonestrustinAllah)andhavinggoodexpectationsofHim,accordingto
Allah'ssaying, Oyouwhobelieve!Takeyourprecautions He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays, Andmakereadyagainstthemallyoucan
ofpower
www.ircpk.com
HisEminencealsoindicatedthattheMuslimsshouldbepreparedfortheirenemiesontheirguardseekingthehelpoflawfulmeans
andhavingtrustinAllahandrelyingonHim.HisEminencealsoclarifiedthatTawakkulencompassestwothings:

First,puttingone'strustinAllahrelyingonHimandbelievingthatHeistheDisposerofallaffairs,theOneWhobringsharm,causes
benefitandgrantsvictory(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).

(PartNo:7,PageNo:383)

Second,usingthelegalandlawfulmeans.AllthisisincludedinTawakkul.

RegardingwhataMuslimshoulddoincaseofrumors,HisEminencesaidthataMuslimshouldcirculateonlytheprovennews,
accordingtothesayingoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim), Itisagreatfalsehoodforapersontorelateeverythingtheyhear. Ifa
persondoubtstheauthenticityofapieceofnews,theyshouldsay"Itissaid"or"Itisclaimed",withoutbeingabsolutelycertain.
However,iftheyhaveseenorheardsomething,orhaveknownitfromatrustworthysource,thereisnoharminsayingitifitisforthe
publicinterest.

HisEminenceaddedthatweshouldbekeenonthesecurityofMuslims,urgethemtohavegoodexpectationsofAllah,spreadgood
newsamongthemandignoreunpleasantones,exceptincasesofnecessity,accordingtothesayingoftheProphet(peacebeupon
him), Givepeoplegoodtidingsanddonotfillthemwithaversiontreatthemwitheaseanddonotbehardonthem.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:384)

Aword

toMuslimsafterbeginningtheoperationsofliberatingKuwait

PraisebetoAllah.MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeupontheMessengerofAllah!

TheJihad(fighting/strivingintheCauseofAllah)thattookplaceagainsttheenemySaddam,rulerofIraq,is
Shar`y(Islamicallylawful)onthepartofMuslimsandwhoeverhelpedthem.Hewrongedandassaulteda
securecountry,sofightinghimwasanobligationontheIslamiccountriestodrivehimoutofKuwait
unconditionallyinordertocorrecttheinjustice,supporttheoppressedpeople,establishAlHaqq(theTruth)
anddetertheunjust.ThisistheCommandofAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeupon
him).Duetothis,MuslimsshouldfearAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),keepadherenttoHisreligion,
avoidHisProhibitions,thinkwellofHim,andtrustinHim.OneshouldbelievethatAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)
Aloneisabletoachievevictory,harmandbenefitbutHesetsthemeansandordersustoadoptthemto
helpusobeyHim,carryoutHisRights,quitsins,detertheunjustandprotectMuslimcountries,properties
andhonor.

EachmaleorfemaleMu'min(believer)shouldmakeDu`a'(supplication)askingforAllah'sHelp,supporting
whatisrightandthepeoplefollowingit,stoppingtheunjustoppressorandabortinghisplans.MayAllah
grantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:385)

ApressinterviewwitharepresentativeofAlMujtama`Magazine

Q1:

ThetyrannicaldisbelievingBa`thistregimeinIraqcommittedtransgressionsagainstKuwait.
ItcapturedthelandsandfrightenedKuwaitis.Somepeopleconsiderthisactaspermissible
claimingthatitpavesthewaytotheMuslimunity.IstheIraqiregime'sapproachtoachieving
theMuslimunitypermissibleaccordingtotheIslamicShari`ah?

A:

PraisebetoAllah.PeaceandblessingsbeupontheMessengerofAllah,hisfamily,
Companions,andthosewhofollowhisguidance!

Undoubtedly,theactscommittedbytheIraqiruleragainstKuwaitarelegallyunacceptable.
Shari`ahcondemnsandwarnsagainstthesetransgressionsastheyentailaggression,
bloodshed,anddevouringmoneyunjustly.Thisrulingappliestoanyoppressorevenifheisa
Muslim.HowcoulditbeifthispersonisanatheistBa`thist,evenifheoccasionallypretends
tobeaMuslimorraisesIslamicslogans?!Thedisbelievingpersonshowshypocrisy,when
necessary,andthenhisoriginalnatureprevails.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:386)

Allah(mayHebePraised)saysconcerningthiskindofpeople, Verily,thehypocritesseektodeceiveAllh,
butitisHeWhodeceivesthem.AndwhentheystandupforAsSalt(theprayer),theystandwithlazinessandtobeseenofmen,
andtheydonotrememberAllhbutlittle. (Theyare)swayingbetweenthisandthat,belongingneithertothesenortothoseand
Whoeverclaimsthattheactionof
hewhomAllhsendsastray,youwillnotfindforhimaway(tothetruthIslm).
t h eIraqiruleraimingatpavingthewaytotheMuslimunityispermittedbyShari`ahiswrong.
ThisacthasnothingtodowiththeMuslimunity.Achievingthisunityissoughtbythosewho
areuprightandpreservethelimitsofShari`ahthosewhoworktoimplementit,notthose
whoopposeitbyword,deed,andbelief.

Q2:

SomepeopleopposetheAlliancetroopsthathelpedliberateKuwaitclaimingthatthesewere
nonMuslimtroops.Meanwhile,thosepeopleadvocatedthedisbelievingregimeinIraq
thinkingthatitisaregimethatrulesMuslims.DoesShari`ahallowadvocatingthisregime
evenifitistyrannicalsimplybecauseofthesympathyoftheChristianwesternerstowardsthe
oppressedMuslims?

A:

ItisimpermissibletosupportanoppressoreveniftheyareMuslim.TheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)said, Helpyourbrotherwhetherheisanoppressororoppressed,Amansaid,OAllahsMessenger!Iwillhelphim
ifheisoppressed,butifheisanoppressor,howshallIhelphim?"TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said,Bypreventinghimfrom
oppressing(others),forthatishowtohelphim.

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)ordersMuslimstosupporttheoppressed,eveniftheyare
nonMuslims.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:387)

Hence,thesinsandcrimesoftheoppressor,whentheoppressedisaMuslim,aremore
dangerous.Allah(mayHebePraised)says, HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,righteousness
andpiety) Helpingtheoppressorinhisaggressionisnotanaspectofrighteousnessandpiety.

ThereisnothingwrongwithseekinghelpfromsomenonMuslimcountriestosavethe
oppressedMuslimsfromtheoppressor.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)hiredthepagan
guide,Abdullahibn'OrayqitAlDialy,toguidehimtoMadinahduringhisemigration.Additionally,he
borrowedsuitsofarmorsfromSafwanIbnUmayyah,whowasadisbeliever,tofightHawazinontheDayof
Hunayn.HehiredtheJewstotakecareofthepalmsandthefieldsinKhaybar.Theyagreedthatthe
harvestwastobedividedinhalfbetweenthemandtheMuslims.Thatwasbecausethe
MuslimswerebusywithJihad.

Thereisanabundanceofevidencethatthereisnothingwrongwithseekingthehelpofthe
nonMuslims,whenitisnecessaryforfightingagainstthosewhoassociateotherswithAllahin
worship.Inlightoftheevidencementionedbeforeandtheothersprovidedbythescholars
www.ircpk.com
concerningthisissue,thereisnothingwrongwiththerulerorauthoritiestoseekhelpfrom
anyonewhoislikelytobenefittheoppressed.

Q3:

SomepeoplehastenedtopledgeallegiancetotheIraqityrantjustforhisraisingtheslogans
ofIslam.TheydidsoinspiteofhisshamefulhistorywhichrecordshiscrimesagainstIslam
andMuslimsandhiscurrentsituationsthatarenotdifferentfromhispast.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:388)

DoesShari`ahapprovethepledgeofallegiancetoatyrantwhoopenlydeclaresShirkjust
becauseofhissweettalksaboutIslam?Whatistherulingonapersonwhopledgesallegiance
toorsupportsthistyrant?

A:

Undoubtedly,supportingandpledgingallegiancetothistyrantisoneofthemostfatal
mistakesandcrimesthatmayharmtheMuslims.OneoftheconditionsofmakingBay`ah
(pledgeofallegiance)isthatthepersonwhomMuslimspledgeallegiancetoisaMuslimwho
benefitsthemandbringsnoharm.

ThisconditioncannotbemetbytheatheistIraqirulerwhocausedvariousharmstotheMuslim
Iraqisandinvadedaneighboringcountry.Aboveall,headoptedtheBa`thistcreed.Likethe
hypocrites,heraisedtheIslamicslogans,offeredSalahwithMuslims,andpretendedtobea
Muslim.Yet,thiswasuselessduetothecorrupt`Aqidah.Allah(mayHebePraised)has
showntheirimmoralqualitiesanddispraisedmannersintheQur'an.

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosaidthattheywillbeinthelowestdepthofhellFireontheDayof
Resurrection.Hesays, Verily,thehypocritesseektodeceiveAllh,butitisHeWhodeceivesthem.Andwhentheystandup
forAsSalt(theprayer),theystandwithlazinessandtobeseenofmen,andtheydonotrememberAllhbutlittle. (Theyare)
swayingbetweenthisandthat,belongingneithertothesenortothose Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)also
says: Verily,thehypocriteswillbeinthelowestdepth(grade)oftheFirenohelperwillyoufindforthem. Exceptthosewho
repent(fromhypocrisy),dorighteousgooddeeds MayAllah

(PartNo:7,PageNo:389)

guidetheIraqirulerandhisoppressingsupportersbacktoHiswayandprotectthemfrom
misguidance!MayAllahprotecttheMuslimsfromtheirevilsandtheevilsofothers!Heisthe
bestOneaskedforhelp.

Q4:

SomepeopleinclinetowardstheviewthatthedisasterthatafflictedKuwaitwasakindof
punishmentfromAllahbecauseofthewidespreadcorruptionoftheKuwaitis.Ontheother
hand,someareoftheviewthatKuwaitwasoneofthecountrieswhichfightcorruptionand
areactiveincallingtogoodness,enjoininggoodandforbiddingevil.TheKuwaitisareofthe
mostactivepeopleamongtheMuslimpeoplesinofferingcharitableactivitiesandcallingto
Islam.Allahteststhemwithcalamitiesbecauseoftheirfaith.Howcanyouexplainthis
catastrophefromtheIslamicperspective?

A:

Undoubtedly,sinshavebadimpactsonthesocietywheresinnersfeelfreetocommitsins
withoutadeterrent.Allah(mayHebePraised)says, Andwhateverofmisfortunebefallsyou,itisbecauseof
whatyourhandshaveearned.AndHepardonsmuch.(SeetheQurnVerse35:45). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)alsosays: Whateverofgoodreachesyou,isfromAllh,butwhateverofevilbefallsyou,isfromyourself.

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Ifactsofdisobediencearecomittedamonganypeopleandtheydonot
changethem,Allahwillsoonpunishthemall. Thesinshavegreatevilsandworseconsequences.The
catastrophes,thepowerofenemies,andtheafflictionstheMuslimssuffer

(PartNo:7,PageNo:390)

areduetosins.MentioningtheBattleofUhudandtheafflictionthatbefellpeoplewhiletheProphet(peace
beuponhim),thebestofcreation,andhisSahabah,whoarethebestofcreationafterthe
prophets,werethere,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, AndAllhdidindeedfulfilHisPromiseto
youwhenyouwerekillingthem(yourenemy)withHisPermissionuntil(themoment)youlostyourcourageandfelltodisputingabout
theorder,anddisobeyedafterHeshowedyou(ofthebooty)whichyoulove. Theresultclauseoftheirdisobedience
wasgrantingtheirenemiespoweroverthem.Allahthensays, Amongyouaresomethatdesirethisworld
andsomethatdesiretheHereafter.ThenHemadeyoufleefromthem(yourenemy),thatHemighttestyou.Butsurely,Heforgave
you,andAllhisMostGracioustothebelievers. AnotherAyahreads, (Whatisthematterwithyou?)Whenasingledisaster
smitesyou i.e.onthedayofUhud althoughyousmote(yourenemies)withonetwiceasgreat i.e.onthedayof
Badr yousay: Fromwheredoesthiscometous? Allah(mayHebePraised)says, Say(tothem),Itisfrom www.ircpk.com
TheseAyahspointoutthatthedefeat
yourselves(becauseofyourevildeeds).AndAllhhaspoweroverallthings.
wasaresultofthearchers'greedinesswhentheyfailedtofulfilltheirdutybecauseoftheir
disputeanddisobedienceoftheProphet'scommand.Consequently,Allahgavetheenemy
poweroverthemandtheProphetandhisSahabahwereexposedtodefeatsomewerekilled
andotherswerewounded.TheProphethimselfwaswounded,hishelmetwassmashed,and
hispremolarswerebroken.

Thesinsyieldmanyevilsandworseconsequences.EveryMuslimisobligedtohastento
performTawbahandbecarefulofthem.

Q5:

WhatisyouradvicetotheKuwaitirulersandsubjectsafterAllahhasgiventhemliberation
andvictoryovertheirenemy?

(PartNo:7,PageNo:391)

A:

IadvisetheKuwaitisandallotherstohastentoperformTawbahandsetthemselvesupright.
TheyshouldbekeentoestablishtheShari`ahintheircountryandtoenjoingoodandforbid
evil.Thisistheirdutyregardlessoftheafflictiontheyhad.

Undoubtedly,thecalamitytheyunderwentatthehandoftheIraqirulershouldmakeagood
lessonandareminderforthem.MayAllahmakeitacausetoexpiatethesinscommittedby
MuslimKuwaitisandothers!

However,theKuwaitis,whetherindividualsorofficials,havetofearAllah,striveandhastento
performsincereTawbahfromtheirmisdeeds.Theymustalsoevaluatetheirdeedsandamend
themaccordingtotheShari`ahinalloftheiraffairssothattheymayescapeanyother
afflictionsandaresavedfromthepunishmentofAllahintheworldlylifeandintheHereafter.

EveryMuslimhastofearAllahwherevertheyare,judgetheirdeeds,andperformsincere
Tawbahfromallpastsins.TheymustalsojudgeaccordingtothePurifiedShari`ahinallof
theiraffairsandbefirmonthetruthuntiltheydieandmeetAllah.Thisisthewaytosalvation
andsafetyinthisworldandintheHereafter.AllahsaysinHisGreatBook, Oyouwhobelieve!Fear
AllhandkeepyourdutytoHim.Andleteverypersonlooktowhathehassentforthforthemorrow,andfearAllh.Verily,Allhis
AllAwareofwhatyoudo.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:392)

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!FearAllh(bydoingallthatHehasorderedandbyabstaining
fromallthatHehasforbidden)asHeshouldbefeared.[ObeyHim,bethankfultoHim,andrememberHimalways],anddienotexcept
inastateofIslm[asMuslims(withcompletesubmissiontoAllh)]. Andholdfast,allofyoutogether,totheRopeofAllh(i.e.this
Q u rn),andbenotdividedamongyourselves He(mayHebePraised)alsosays, AndwhosoeverfearsAllhand
keepshisdutytoHim,Hewillmakeawayforhimtogetout(fromeverydifficulty). AndHewillprovidehimfrom(sources)he
nevercouldimagine.

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: andwhosoeverfearsAllhandkeepshisdutytoHim,Hewillmakehismattereasy
forhim. He(mayHebePraised)says, AndfeartheFitnah(afflictionandtrial)whichaffectsnotinparticular(only)those
ofyouwhodowrong(butitmayafflictallthegoodandthebadpeople),andknowthatAllhisSevereinpunishment. Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: AndallofyoubegAllhtoforgiveyouall,Obelievers,thatyoumaybesuccessful Itis
thusthedutyofeveryMuslimtofearAllah,enjoingoodandforbidevil,andcontrolhimself.
Theyhavetobecarefulofsins,performsincereTawbahfromallpastsins,befirminobeying
AllahandHisMessengeruntilthelastdayoftheirlife.Theyshouldadviseeachothertodoso.
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,
protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),and
forbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslmhasforbidden)theyperformAsSalt
(IqmatasSalt),andgivetheZakt,andobeyAllhandHisMessenger.AllhwillhaveHisMercyonthem.SurelyAllhisAllMighty,
AllWise.

ThisAyahreferstoAllah'spromiseforthosewhoareuprightinHisreligionthatHegrants
themsuccessandvictoryintheworldlylifeandsafetyandparadiseintheHereafter.

MayAllahgrantallMuslimssuccessandguidance!Indeed,Allah(mayHebePraised)maygive
respitetosomedisbelieversandsinnersdelayingtheirpunishmentforaprecisewisdomand
greatsecretssuchas

(PartNo:7,PageNo:393)

givingmoredangerouspunishmentintheHereafter,asHe(mayHebePraised)says, Consider
notthatAllhisunawareofthatwhichtheZlimn(polytheists,wrongdoers)do,butHegivesthemrespiteuptoaDaywhenthe
eyeswillstareinhorror. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, WhenAllahintendsgoodforHisslave,Hepunishes
himinthisworld,butwhenHeintendsanevilforHisslave,HedoesnothastentotakehimtotaskbutcallshimtoaccountontheDay
ofResurrection.
www.ircpk.com
MayAllahsaveusandallMuslimsfromHiswrathandhelpavoidthecausesofHispunishment!
MayAllahgrantusagoodend,forHeistheMostGenerous!Maypeaceandblessingsbeupon
HisMessengerandourProphetMuhammadibn`Abdullah,hisfamily,andCompanions!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:394)

DenouncingthesocialistregimeinIraq

Atelegram

HisHighnessPresidentoftherepublicmayAllahguideyoutothetruth:TheIslamicuniversityinAlMadinah
AlMunawwarahdenouncesthesocialistresolutionsthatwererecentlyadoptedbytheIraqigovernment.Infact,
IagreetotallyinthisregardwithwhathasbeendeclaredbyscholarsofIraqandotherscholarsexpressing
theirdisapprovalofsuchasocialistsystemandassertingthatthesocialistregimeisaKufry(encouraging
disbelief)regimethatopposesandcontradictsIslam.Consequently,IadvisethegovernmentofIraqtoapply
Shari`ah(Islamiclaw)againforitcomprisesthemostjustregimeandlegislationthathaseverexisted.Such
aregime,ifMuslimsapplyitsincerely,isabletoachieverealsocialjustice,solveeconomicandother
problems,andsecurethefulfillmentoftherightsofthepoorinthebestway.

ItisworthmentioningthatIslammakestheblood,wealth,andhonorofaMuslimunlawfultotheother.
IslamgivespeoplefullfreedomtodisposeoftheirwealthinthewaythattheywishaslongasitisaShar`y
(Islamiclegal)way.Besides,theteachingsofIslamexplicitlyclarifythattheclaimthatthesocialistregimeis
basedonthespiritofIslamistotallyfalseandbaseless.

Finally,IaskAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)toguideusalltoHisStraightPath.

DeputyPresidentoftheIslamicUniversity

'Abdul'AzizBin'AbdullahIbnBaz

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:395)

UsingsatellitesisabigMunkar

F r o m`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahIbnBaztowhoeverreadsitamongstMuslims.MayAllahguideallMuslimsand
metoallthatpleasesHimandprotectthemandmeagainstallthatleadstoHiswrathandpunishment,
Amen.

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!).

Itiswellknownthatthesocalledsatellite(dish,etc.)hasspreadnowadaysamongstMuslims.Itbroadcasts
allthattheworldproducesandinvolvesdifferentsortsofFitnah(temptation,trial,sedition,etc),corruption,
falsecreeds,andcallstoKufr(disbelief)andatheism.Moreover,thesatelliteteleviseswomen'simages,
Khamr(intoxicant)andprohibitedgatherings,aswellasallotherevilsofforeigncountries.SinceIcameto
knowforsurethatmanypeopleinourcountryhavealreadystartedtousethesatelliteandthatits
instrumentsaresoldandmadehere,itisincumbentonmetowarnagainstitsdangers.Ithusstatethatitis
Wajib(obligatory)tocombatsatellite,tobewareofit,andtobanitsuseathomeandallotherplaces.Itis
alsoWajibtobanitsselling,buying,andmanufacturingasallthisleadstoseriousharms,hugecorruption,
helpingoneanotherinsinandtransgression,andspreadingKufrandimmoralityamongstMuslimsand
callingtothisbywordandaction.

Consequently,everymaleandfemaleMuslimhastobeawareofthebadeffectsofthesatelliteandenjoin
abandoningit,soastoactuponAllah'sSaying: HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,righteousnessand
piety)butdonothelponeanotherinsinandtransgression.AndfearAllh.Verily,AllhisSevereinpunishment.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:396)

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofone
anothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)from
A lMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslmhasforbidden) and: ByAlAsr(thetime). Verily,manisin
loss, Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommendoneanothertothetruth[i.e.
orderoneanothertoperformallkindsofgooddeeds(AlMaruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfromallkindsofsinsandevil
deeds(AlMunkarwhichAllhhasforbidden],andrecommendoneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,andinjurieswhich
onemayencounterinAllhsCauseduringpreachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd). Besides,theProphet(peace
beuponhim)said: Whoever,amongstyou,seessomethingabominable,hehastorectifyitwithhishandandifhehasavenot
strengthenoughtodoit,thenheshoulddoitwithhistongueandifhehasnotstrengthenoughtodoit,(even)thenheshould(abhor
it)fromhisheart,andthatistheleastofFaith. and: Din(religion)isbasedonadvisingoneanother.Uponthiswesaid:"For
whom?"Hereplied:"ForAllah,HisBook,HisMessengerandforMuslims'leadersandpublic." and: Noneofyouwillbelieveuntil
theylovefortheirbrother(orsister)whattheyloveforthemselves. Inaddition,itisreportedintheTwoSahih
(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)ontheauthorityofJariribn`AbdullahAlBajaly(may
Allahbepleasedwithhim)whosaid: IgavethepledgeofallegiancetotheProphet(peacebeuponhim)toofferSalah
(Prayer)perfectly,topaytheZakah(obligatorycharity),andtogivesincereadvicetoeveryMuslim.

ItisworthmentioningthattherearemanyAyahs(Qur'anicverses)andHadithstothesameeffect,i.e.
implyingthatitisWajibonMuslimstoexchangeadvice,recommendoneanothertothetruth,andhelpone
anotheringoodness.AllMuslimgovernmentsandpeoplehavethustoactuponsuchAyahsandHadiths.
Theyhavetoexchangeadvice,recommendoneanothertothetruth,recommendoneanothertopatience,
andbeawareofalltypesofcorruptionandwarnpeopleagainstthemaimingatbeingrewardedbyAllah,
conformingtoHisCommands,andbeingawareofHiswrathandpunishment.

IaskAllahtoguideallMuslimsandmetoallthatpleasesHim,tosetrightallourheartsanddeeds,tohelp
ourauthoritiestorepelanderadicatethiscalamity,andprotectMuslimsfromitsevils.MayAllahhelpour
authoritiesdoallthat

(PartNo:7,PageNo:397)

leadstothewellbeingofMuslimsandtheircountries,setrighttheirretinue,andhelpthemtosupportthe
truth.MayAllahguideMuslimauthoritiesallovertheworldtoallthatpleasesHim.MayHehelpthem
supportthetruth,andguidethemtoapplytherulingsofShari`ah(Islamiclaw),abidebythem,andbe
awareofallthatopposesthem.MayAllahsetrighttheconditionsofallMuslims,grantthemthesound
understandingofDin,keepthemfirmonthis,andenablethemtobeawareofallthatopposesit.Verily,
AllahistheOneWhocontrolsalltheaffairsandWhoisabletodowhateverHewills.Assalamu`alaykum
warahmatullahwabarakatuh.

ChairmanoftheDepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,

Ifta',Da`wah,andGuidance

www.ircpk.com

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:398)

PerfectMenandWomen

Somepeoplesay,'Noneisperfect[inFaithandmorality]exceptMuhammad(peacebeupon
him),isthiscorrect?A.`A. Abha

Suchaclaimisnottrue.TherearealotofmenwhoreachedhumanperfectionbutMuhammad
(peacebeuponhim)isthemostperfectandthebestamongthem.Itisauthenticallyreported
thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Manyamongstmenattainedperfection(inFaith)butamongstwomen
noneattainedperfectionexceptMaryam(Mary),thedaughterof'Imran,andAsiyahbintMuzahimi.e.thewifeofPharaoh.The
superiorityof`AishahoverotherwomenislikethesuperiorityofTharid(i.e.anArabicdish)overothermeals." Itisalso
authenticallyreportedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)thatKhadijahbintKhuwaylid(mayAllahbe
pleasedwithher),themotherofhis(peacebeuponhim)children,isamongtheperfectwomen
andsoisFatimah,his(peacebeuponhim)daughter.Itisauthenticallyreportedthatsheisthe
MistressofthewomenofParadise.Thus,thosearethefiveladies(mayAllahbepleasedwith
themall)whoattainedperfectioninFaithamongwomen.

AsforthosewhoattainedperfectioninFaithamongmen,theyarenumerous.Suchmen
attainedperfectioninthehumanattributesthatAllahpraisedhighlythosewhoare
characterizedwiththem,suchasknowledge,generosity,steadfastadherencetothereligion
ofAllah,braveryintruth,andothergreatattributespraisedbyAllah(mayHebePraised)or
HisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).Yet,themostperfectinthisaspectaretheMessengers
(peacebeuponthem)andthemostperfectandthebestamongtheMessengersistheirlast
andImamMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)becausetheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: I
willbethemasterofallthechildrenofAdamanditisnotapointofpride. ThereareotherproofsfromtheBook
andSunnahsupporting

(PartNo:7,PageNo:399)

this.

Asfortheabsoluteperfectioninallattributes,thisisconfinedtoAllahexclusivelywithno
partnerorpeerinthisregard.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Say(OMuhammad
):"HeisAllh,(the)One. "AllhusSamad()[AllhtheSelfSufficientMaster,Whom
allcreaturesneed,(Heneithereatsnordrinks)]. "Hebegetsnot,norwasHebegotten. "Andthereisnonecoequalor
comparableuntoHim." Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays, ThereisnothinglikeHimandHeistheAll
Hearer,theAllS e e r . Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: SoputnotforwardsimilitudesforAllh(asthereisnothing
similartoHim,norHeresemblesanything).Truly!Allhknowsandyouknownot. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
saysinSurahAlRum: AndHeitisWhooriginatesthecreation,thenHewillrepeatit(afterithasbeenperished)andthisis
easierforHim.Hisisthehighestdescription(i.e.nonehastherighttobeworshippedbutHe,andthereisnothingcomparableunto
Him)intheheavensandintheearth.AndHeistheAllMighty,theAllWise.

"thehighestdescription"istheAttributethatnooneofHiscreaturesshareswithHim,
regardingKnowledge,Power,Life,Hearing,SeeingandtheotherAttributesofPerfection.May
AllahbeExalted,Praised,andGlorifiedhighaboveresemblinganyofHiscreatures.Thereis
nodeityexceptHim,theExaltedinMight,theAllWise.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:400)

RulingonwhoeverclaimsthatprophetsdidnotknowtherealityofTawhid

From`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaztoHisHonorableEminencebrotherShaykh`A.S.`A.GH.may
AllahguideyoutodowhateverpleasesHimandincreaseyouinknowledgeandIman(Faith),
Amen!Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,and
Blessingsbeuponyou!)

IhavereceivedtheletterthatwassenttoyoubybrotherS.S.H.inwhichheinquiredabout
therulingonwhoeverclaimsthatprophetsneededtolearnmoreaboutthetestimonyofLa
ilahaillaAllah(thereisnodeitybutAllah)andtherulingonwhoeverallegesthatprophets
didnotknowtherealityofTawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah).Ialsoknewthroughyour
agentaboutyourdesirethatIanswerthesetwoquestions.Answer:Undoubtedly,prophets,
messengers,andallscholarsneedtobetoldaboutthemeritsofTawhidandgooddeedsbytheirLord
(GlorifiedbeHe).ThisisbecauseallbranchesofShar`y(Islamiclegal)knowledgeisreceivedfromAllah.In
factAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)sentHismessengersandtaughtthemthingsthattheydidnotknow
beforesothattheywouldconveyHismessagestoHisslaves.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)thussaidto
HisProphet(peacebeuponhim)inSurah(Qur'anicchapter)AlNisa': HadnottheGraceofAllhandHisMercybeen
uponyou(OMuhammad),apartyofthemwouldcertainlyhavemadeadecisiontomisleadyou,but(infact)they
misleadnoneexcepttheirownselves,andnoharmcantheydotoyouintheleast.AllhhassentdowntoyoutheBook(TheQurn),
andAlHikmah(Islmiclaws,knowledgeoflegalandillegalthingsi.e.theProphetsSunnahlegalways),andtaughtyouthatwhich
youknewnot.AndEverGreatistheGraceofAllhuntoyou(OMuhammad). Moreover,Allah(Exaltedbe
He)saysin

(PartNo:7,PageNo:401)

SurahAlMa'idah: OntheDaywhenAllhwillgathertheMessengerstogetherandsaytothem:"Whatwastheresponseyou
received(frommentoyourteaching)?"Theywillsay:"Wehavenoknowledge,verily,onlyYouaretheAllKnowerofallthatishidden
(orunseen)." (Remember)whenAllhwillsay(ontheDayofResurrection)."OIs(Jesus),sonofMaryam(Mary)!RememberMy
FavourtoyouandtoyourmotherwhenIsupportedyouwithRhulQudus[Jibrl(Gabriel)]sothatyouspoketothepeopleinthe
cradleandinmaturityandwhenItaughtyouwriting,AlHikmah(thepowerofunderstanding),theTaurt(Torah)andtheInjeel
(Gospel)

TherearemanyAyahs(Qur'anicverses)tothesameeffect.Besides,itisreportedthatAbuSa`idAlKhudry(may
Allahbepleasedwithhim)narratedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Musa(Moses,peacebeuponhim)
said:OLord!TeachmesomethingthroughwhichIcanrememberYouandsupplicatetoYou.Allahsaid:Say,"lailahaillaAllah(there
isnoGodbutAllah).

(RelatedbyIbnHibbanandAlHakimasstatedintheKitabAlTawhid).However,prophetsdidnotneedto
betaughtbypeople.Rather,theyweretheoneswhotaughtpeopleaccordingtotheknowledgethatthey
(peacebeuponthemall)learntfromAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Whoeverclaimsthatprophetsneededtobe
taughtbypeopleisadeviatedKafir(disbeliever)becausesuchanallegationistantamounttodegrading
prophetsandaccusingthemofthingsthattheyarefreefrom(peacebeuponthemall).Onthecontrary,
prophetsweretheoneswhotaughtpeopletherealityofTawhidandallotherrulingsofShari`ah(Islamic
law)withwhichtheyhadbeensentandthemostperfectandbestoneofalltheprophetsandmessengers
regardingthisistheLastMessengerourProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim).Iamsurethatthe
foregoingiswellknowntoyourEminenceasitisstatedbydifferentscholarswhiledealingwithchapterson
rulingonapostates.Anyway,IwrotethisanswerforyouasIwastoldbyyouragentthatthiswasyour
desire.

IaskAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)tograntme,you,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:402)

andallMuslimsthetrueunderstandingofDin(religion)andkeepusfirmonapplyingitsrulings.MayAllah
supportHisDin,makeitprevail,andsetrighttheconditionsofallMuslimsandtheirauthorities!MayAllah
helpMuslimscholarstofulfilltheirdutiestowardsDa`wah(callingtoIslam)andtoconveyAllah'sShari`ah
toHisslaves!Verily,AllahistheAllHearer,EverNear.

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh

ChairmanoftheDepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,

Ifta',Da`wah,andGuidance

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:403)

AbrieflookatBabismandBaha'ism

AllPraiseisduetoAllah.MaypeaceandblessingsbeupontheMessengerofAllah,hisfamilyand
Companions.

Toproceed,ThisisabriefdescriptionofBabismandBaha'ism.

Intheirview,thewordAlBab(lit.theDoor)referstoanignorantIranianindividual,whoclaimedtobea
Sufi.Hisnamewas`AlyibnMuhammadofShiraz.HeclaimedthathewasthedoortoBaha'AllahMirzaHusayn`Alyand
thathewasthemessengertowhomrevelationcamefromBaha'.

TheBabistsarenamedafterhim.Everytimehewasputunderpressureandaskedtorepent,herepentedfrom
BabismandclaimedtobeaJa`fari,oneoftheShiiteIthna`Ashriyyahsect.

TheBabistsheldageneralconferenceinthedesertofBadashttoannouncetheirviewsandproclaimgladtidings
oftheawaitedImam(leader)whomtheyclaimwillappear.

TheBabistsarenotallthesameintheirbeliefsandviewofAlBab,asstatedonp.97ofthebookAlBahaiyyah
Tarikhuhawa AqidatuhawasillatuhabilBatiniyyahw a a lSuhyuniyyah(Bahaism:History,BeliefsandRelationwith
EsotericismandZionism),bytheheadoftheAnsarAlSunnahAlMuhammadiyyahorganizationinEgypt,Shaykh
`AbdulRahmanAlWakil(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim).

TheBabistsweredividedintotwogroupsintheirconferenceoneofwhichwasledbyAlBushru'yandAlQuddus,
andtheotherwasledbyBaha'andQurratAl`Ayn,asstatedonp.98ofthebook.Theirgatheringswerealsoof
twotypesonejustfortheImamsofBabismandanotherforthelaypeople.Thetopicofdiscussioninsuch
gatheringsoftheImamswasBabism'sabrogationofIslamicShari`ah(Law).TheirultimateviewwasthatAl
Babisgreaterandhigherinstatusthanallmessengers

(PartNo:7,PageNo:404)

andthatwhatwasrevealedtohimofreligionwasmorecompleteandmoreperfectthananyprevious
revelationorreligion.

Asstatedonpp.99100ofthebookmentioned,QurratAl Ayndeliveredareprehensiblespeechinthis
conferencewhen A lBushru'yandAlQuddusabstainedandAlBaha'wasalsoabsent,claimingthathewasill.He
wasworriedabouttheconsequencesofherspeechandwaitedtoseethereactionofthedelegatesand
whethertheywouldrejectherideasornot.Inherspeech,sheclearlystatedthatthereligionofMuhammad
wascompletelyabrogatedbythenewreligion(Baha'ism),whichhadcometotheUmmah(nationbasedon
onecreed)viaAlBab,eventhoughonlyalittleofithadcomesofarandtheywerenowinaninterval.The
rulingsofIslamicShari`ahnolongerappliedanditwaspermissibleforthepeopleindeedprescribedfor
themtosharetheirwealthandwomen.

A lWakilsaidthatthiswaswhatwasclearlystatedbythehistorianofBaha'isminhisbookAlKawakibAl
Durriyyah(p.180,210).Sheclearlystatedinherspeechthatshedidnotbelieveintheresurrection.

ThenameofthesaidQurratAl`AynisUmSalmanbintMullaSalihofQazwinandwasastrongproponentoftheirviews.
ShewasresponsibleforissuingFatawa(legalopinionsissuedbyaqualifiedMuslimscholar)beforeshegot
intouchwithAlBaha',thenwhenshegotintouchwithhim,shesubmittedtohimandattributedtheissuingof
Fatawatohim.

TheBabistscarriedoutanarmedterroristmovementinwhichtheyshedagreatdealofbloodandkilled
hundredsofpeople.TheIranianstatestoodagainstthemandrecruitedtroopsthatputanendtothem,
disunitedthemandkilledAlBushru'y,BabulBab(thedoorofthedoor)andndhiscompanionAlQuddusin1265A.H.,
asstatedinthebookof A lWakil.TheShiitesscholarsissuedafatwastatingthatAlBabwasaKafirandan
apostate,anddeservedtobeexecuted.Thegovernmentorderedhimtodeathandhewaskilled

(PartNo:7,PageNo:405)

infrontofthepeoplebeforethathewasimprisonedinthecitadel.

HeengagedindisputewiththeShiitesscholarsseveraltimesandhewasexposedandhisignorancewere
clearlydemonstrated.Amongthesmartestquestionsthatwereputtohimwaswhenhewasaskedaboutthe
defectsinIslamicShari`ahandabouttheperfectionofthat,whichhehadbrought,andhecouldnotoffer
anyanswerratherhecouldnotevensayaword.Hewasaskedtodeliveraspeechandhedelivereda
worthlessspeechthatdidnotdeservetobelistenedto.HencethescholarsruledthathewasaKafirand
shouldbeexecuted,andhewasexecuted.

Note:WestatedabovethatAlBabwasbelievedbytheBaha'istobetheharbingerofAlBaha'andistheonewho www.ircpk.com
receivedrevelationandconveyedit.SoheislikeamessengerforAlBaha.TheBabistsbelieveinAlBab,whois
`AlyibnMuhammadofShiraz,theignorantSufiwhoclaimedthathewasthemostperfecthumanvesselofthe
divinereality,andthathewastheonewhocreatedeverythingbyhisword.(Seep.117).Theyalsoquoted
himassaying:OnthedayofNuh(Noah),IwasNuhonthedayofIbrahim(Abraham),IwasIbrahimon
thedayofMusa(Moses),IwasMusaonthedayofEisa(Jesus),IwasEisaonthedayofMuhammad,I
wasMuhammadandonthedayof`Aly,IwasAlyonthedaywhenAllahcausessomeonetoprevail,Iwill
betheonewhomAllahcausestoprevail.IamthelastoneafterwhomtherewillbenooneelseandIam
thefirstonebeforewhomtherewasnooneelse.IamthemanifestationofAllahsArgumentagainstthe
worlds.

Howridiculousarethesewordsthatnowisepersonwouldutter.(ShiratAlBab,p.119).AlBababolished
thefivedailyprayers,Jumu`ah(Friday)PrayerandcongregationalSalah(Prayer),exceptincaseofthe
funeralprayer.HestatedthatpurificationfromJanabah(majorritualimpurityrelatedtosexualdischarge)
wasnotWajib(obligatory)andthattheQiblah(directionfacedforPrayertowardstheKa`bah)wasthe
houseinwhichhewasborninShiraz,ortheplacewherehewasimprisoned,orthehousesinwhichheand
hisfollowerslived.ThesearetheplacestowhichhisfollowersshouldgoforHajj.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:406)

WithregardtoSawm(Fast),itwastobeobservedfromsunrisetosunset,foroneBabimonth,whichlasts
nineteendays.AsforZakah(obligatorycharity),itwasonefifthofone'sproperty,tobetakenattheendof
theyearandhandedovertotheBabicouncil.Formoreridiculousrulings,refertothebookofAlWakil,p.120.

Bahaism

Asfor A lBaha',whoisknownasBaha'AlDin,heisMirzaHusaynibnAlyibnAlMirzaAbbasBazrakAlMazandraniAlNuryof
Iran.HewasborninTehranin1233A.H.andhewasinvolvedinSufismallhislife.Hetookhismythsand
storiesfromhisShaykhs.ThenhemovedtoBaghdadfromTehranasavisitororinexile,thenhemoved
frequentlyfromBaghdadtootherplaces,thenhemovedtoAkkaforpoliticalreasonsandulteriormotives,and
becauseofthemanydisputesbetweenhisfollowersamongtheBabistsandthefollowersofhisbrother,Yahya
ibn`AlyibnMirza.Afterallofthatandmanyotherdevelopments,AlBaha'madethefollowingclaims(seep.143
ofthebookofAlWakil):Atfirst,AlBaha'claimedthathewastheCaliphofAlBab,orthelastCaliphofAlQaim
(i.e.thehiddenImam)thenheclaimedthathewasAlQaimhimself.ThenheclaimedtobeaProphet,
thenheclaimedtobeadivinelordandthatthedivinerealityonlyexistedinitsmostperfectformwhen
embodiedinhim.

DeathofAlBaha'

Whenhewasintheprimeofhisstrengthandhiscallwasatitsvim,Allahafflictedhimwithfeverandhe
diedwhilebelievinginhisfalseclaimsandridiculousmyths.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:407)

HediedinDhulQadah1309AH.(Seep.144oftheessayandfootnotesofthetreatiseofAbuAlFadail)Abu
AlFada'ilwasoneofthepropagatorsofthefalsesectofAlBaha'.

ThemethodsofAlBaha'forpropagatinghisviews

HewasaSufiwhoreliedonambiguity,allusions,symbolsandjargon.(Seep.147ofthebook
ofAlWakil)

Hisbooks

ThemostfamousofthemareAlIqanandAlAqdas.Hewrotetheformerin Baghdaditdeals
withprovingthat A lBabwasAlMahdy(amannamedaftertheProphet,whowillappearasa
signoftheHourandruleaccordingtoIslamiclaw)andAlQaim.ItreferstotheclaimsofAl
B a h a ' . HewrotethisbookinresponsetoquestionsaboutAlBab.Inthisbook, A lBaha'
acknowledgedthathewassinfulbywritingthisbook.Howstrangearetheactionsandevil
deedsofthiscriminal!GlorybetoAllah,howgreatHeis!Allahinsistedthatthesecriminals
andliarsshouldfailintheirwordsanddeeds.AllpraisebetoAllah,fortheclarityofAlHaqq
(theTruth)andthefailureoffalsehood.(Seep.150ofthebookofAlWakil)

HatredofAlBaha'againstMuslims

A lM i r z a didnothateanyUmmahasmuchashehatedtheUmmahoftheFinalMessenger
(Muhammad,peacebeuponhim).ItissufficientforyoutoknowthatheaccusedtheSalaf
(righteouspredecessors)andKhalaf(Successors)ofnothavingunderstoodanythingofthe
EverGloriousQuran,andhesaid: Onethousandandtwohundredandeightyearshave
passedsincetheQuranappearedandalltheseriffraffreciteiteverymorning

(PartNo:7,PageNo:408)

anduntilnowtheyhavenotunderstoodasingleletterofitsmeaning.ThenAlBaha'says:The
onewhodoesnotdrinkfromoursealednectarstampedwithournameAlQayyum(theEver
Living)hasnotgraspedthelightofTawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah/monotheism),and
hedoesnotknowthemeaningoftheBooksofAllah,andheisoneoftheMushriks(oneswho www.ircpk.com
associateotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship).

Note:

InthissummaryaboutBabismandBahaism,ifyoufindanywordsthatyoucannotfindinthebook
o f A lWakil,youwillfindtheminthebookofDr. MuhammadMahdiKhanofIranandTabriz,wholivedinEgypt,
whichiscalledMuftahBabAlAbwab.Someofthesummarywastakenfromarticleswritten
b yMuhibAlDinAlKhatibaboutBabismandBahaismandshortcommentsofmyownwords.Allahisthe
Sourceofstrength.MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,his
familyandCompanions!

`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahibnBaz

DeputyPresidentoftheIslamicUniversity,

AlMadinahAlMunawwarah

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:409)

MeaningofSincerity

Q:IsitrighttosaythatsincerityisIhsanandthatitisequivalenttofaithandtrust?

`A.M.Riyadh

A : Sincerityispartoftrustandfaith.WorkinginconformitywithShari`ahisapartoftrust
andfaith.Performingablutiontoofferprayerisoutoftrustandfaith.Itisoutoftrustand
faithalsotoofferprayersattheirduetimes.ThesameappliestoZakahandotherprescribed
obligations.ToattainIhsaninone'sdeedsissomethingdifferent.Itistoattainperfectionin
bothtrustandfaithi.e.toworshipAllahperfectlythroughcarryingoutwhatisWajib
(obligatory)andMandub(commendable)andkeepawayfromcommittingsinsandwhatAllah
hatesforHisservants.

A lIhsanistoworshipAllah,asifyouseeHim.Therefore,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)
said: IhsanistoworshipAllahasifyouareseeingHimandifyoudonotseeHim,Heseesyou. Thosewhoattainsucha
rankaretheforemostones(inIslmicFaith)whoarementionedintheAyahinSurahAl
Waqi`ahinwhichAllahsays: Andthoseforemost[(inIslmicFaithofMonotheismandinperformingrighteousdeeds)in
thelifeofthisworldontheveryfirstcallfortoembraceIslm]willbeforemost(inParadise). Thesewillbethenearest(toAllh).
IntheGardensofDelight(Paradise). Amultitudeofthose(foremost)willbefromthefirstgenerations(whoembracedIslm).
Andafewofthose(foremost)willbefromthelatergenerations. MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:410)

Suchareplyisagravesinandunacceptable

From`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahibnBaztoourhonoredbrothertheeditorinchiefofUkaznewspaper,

mayAllahgranthimsuccess!

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

Ihavereadwhatwasmentionedintheissueno.943ofthenewspaperissuedonMonday23/11/1412AH.
inthelastpageno.22.ItwasaboutthechildrenwhosufferedsuffocationinMakkahduetofire.Beingasked
byhischildrenwhereisAllah,thefatherrepliedthatAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)existseverywhere.

Iwanttoinformyouthatsuchreplyisagravesinandunacceptable.ItisevenmajorKufr(disbelief),
becauseAllah(mayHebePraised)isestablishedabovetheThroneoverallthecreatureswhereasitisHis
knowledgethatencompasseseverywhereasprovedbytheNobleQur'an,thepurifiedSunnah,and
consensusofscholars.

ItisobligatoryuponthefatherofthesechildrentorepenttoAllahandknowforsurethatAllah(mayHebe
Praised)isestablishedabovetheThroneoverallHiscreatures.Allah(mayHebePraised)saidinSurahAl
'A`raf: Indeed,yourLordisAllh,WhocreatedtheheavensandtheearthinSixDays,andthenHeroseover(Istaw)theThrone
(reallyinamannerthatsuitsHisMajesty).Hebringsthenightasacoverovertheday,seekingitrapidly Allah(mayHebe
Praised)alsosaidinSurahTaHa: TheMostGracious(Allh)roseover(Istaw)the(Mighty)Throne(inamannerthatsuits
HisMajesty).

(PartNo:7,PageNo:411)

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: SothejudgementisonlywithAllh,theMostHigh,theMostGreat! Allah


(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: GlorifytheNameofyourLord,theMostHigh,

TherearemanyAyahsstressingthismeaningandallofthemindicateHisHighnessandestablishmentabove
theThrone.

AsforHis(mayHebePraised)Saying: Benotsad(orafraid),surelyAllhiswithus. AndHisSayingtoMusa


(Moses,peacebeuponhim)andHarun(Aaron,peacebeuponhim): Iamwithyouboth,hearingandseeing. And
theotherAyahs(Qur'anicverses)ofthesamemeaning,themeaningofassociationhereisguarding,
protection,support,andgrantingvictoryinadditiontoknowingeverything.

ThesameappliestotheAyahinwhichAllahsays: ThereisnoNajw(secretcounsel)ofthreebutHeistheirfourth(with
HisKnowledge,whileHeHimselfisovertheThrone,overtheseventhheaven),noroffivebutHeistheirsixth(withHisKnowledge),
noroflessthanthatormorebutHeiswiththem(withHisKnowledge)wheresoevertheymaybe.AndafterwardsontheDayof
ResurrectionHewillinformthemofwhattheydid.Verily,AllhistheAllKnowerofeverything. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)alsosays: HeitisWhocreatedtheheavensandtheearthinsixDaysandthenroseover(Istaw)theThrone(inamanner
thatsuitsHisMajesty).Heknowswhatgoesintotheearthandwhatcomesforthfromit,andwhatdescendsfromtheheavenand
whatascendsthereto.AndHeiswithyou(byHisKnowledge)wheresoeveryoumaybe.AndAllhistheAllSeerofwhatyoudo. 'He
iswithyou(byHisKnowledge)wheresoeveryoumaybe'referstoHisknowledge,encompassing,and
realizationofalltheiraffairs.Yet,Allah(mayHebePraised)isestablishedabovetheThroneandnothingis
hiddenfromHim.

IthasbeenstatedbyAbu`Umaribn`AbdAlBar,Abu`UmarAlTalamanky,

(PartNo:7,PageNo:412)

andotherscholarsthatthereisaconsensusamongMuslimscholarsregardingthisexegesis.Referringtothe
MuslimscholarsmeansthoseofAhlAlSunnahwalJama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslim
community).ThereisnodoubtthatthisisthemeaningofthementionedAyahsandtheotherAyahsand
Hadithsofthesamemeaning.Itisobligatorytosticktoandbelieveinthisandbewareofwhatcontradictsit
oftheviewsofthepeopleofAlBida`(thosewhocommitrejectedinnovationinreligion)anddeviation.

Ihopethisexplanationoftheissuewillbepublishedinthenewspapersoastorectifywhatwaspublished
anddisplaythetruth.MayAllahguideusalltowhatpleasesHim!

MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!

TheChairmanoftheDepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,

Ifta',Daw`ah,andGuidance
www.ircpk.com

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:413)

HewhodoesnotdeemtheKafir(disbeliever/nonMuslim)asaKafirisKafirlikehim

Question:

IsapersonwhodoesnotperformSalah(Prayer)excusedifhedoesnotknowthatthe
punishmentofapersonwhoabandonsSalahismajorKufr(disbelief)thattakesoneoutofthe
foldofIslam?AmItoblamewhenIkeepthetiesofkinshiporhavemealswithapersonwho
doesnotofferSalah?Whatistherulingonapersonwhoinsiststhatapersonwhoabandons
SalahordoesdeedsthatentailShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)
suchasslaughtering,vowingorseekinghelpfromanyoneotherthanAllahisnotKafir?He
claimsthatsuchdeedsareShirk,butitisnotpermissibletoregardtheirdoerasaKafir.

T.RofEgyptandlivesinAlKharj

Answer:

TherulingonaMukallaf(personmeetingtheconditionstobeheldlegallyaccountablefor
theiractions)whogivesupSalahisthatheisaKafir,accordingtothesoundestopinionsof
scholars,evenifhedoesnotthinkso,forrulingsaretobejudgedaccordingtotheShari`ah
evidencesnotthebeliefoftheonebeingjudged.

Likewise,hewhocommitssomethingthatentailsKufrsuchasscorningthereligion,
slaughtering,vowingforpeopleotherthanAllah,orbeseechingthedeadforhelpandvictory
overenemiesorforthecureofthediseasedfromthedeadisconsideredKafir.Allah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)says: Say:"WasitatAllh( ), andHisAyt(proofs,evidence,verses,lessons,signs,
revelations)andHisMessenger()thatyouweremocking?" Makenoexcuseyoudisbelievedafteryouhad
believed. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Say(OMuhammad):"Verily,mySalt(prayer),my
sacrifice,myliving,andmydyingareforAllh,theLordoftheAlamn(mankind,jinnandallthatexists). "Hehasnopartner.And
ofthisIhavebeencommanded,andIamthefirstoftheMuslims."

(PartNo:7,PageNo:414)

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Verily,Wehavegrantedyou(OMuhammad)AlKauthar(ariver
inParadise). ThereforeturninprayertoyourLordandsacrifice(toHimonly). Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: And
whoeverinvokes(orworships),besidesAllh,anyotherilh(god),ofwhomhehasnoproofthenhisreckoningisonlywithhisLord.
Surely!AlKfirn(thedisbelieversinAllhandintheOnenessofAllh,polytheists,pagans,idolaters)willnotbesuccessful. Itis
wellknownthathewhosupplicates,seeksthehelpof,vowsorslaughtersforthesakeofthe
deadtakesthemasgodsinsteadofAllahevenifhedoesnotcallthemgods.

InSurah(Qur'anicchapter)Fatir,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: SuchisAllh,yourLord
Hisisthekingdom.Andthose,whomyouinvokeorcalluponinsteadofHim,ownnotevenaQitmr(thethinmembraneoverthedate
stone). Ifyouinvoke(orcallupon)them,theyhearnotyourcallandif(incase)theyweretohear,theycouldnotgrantit(your
request)toyou.AndontheDayofResurrection,theywilldisownyourworshippingthem.Andnonecaninformyou(OMuhammad
)likeHimWhoistheAllKnower(ofeverything).

AllahregardstheirinvocationsShirk.TherearesomanyAyahs(Qur'anicverses)tothesame
effect.

ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said: (Nothingstands)
betweenamanandkufrandshirkexceptSalah:[whoeverneglectsitbecomesaKafirandaMushrik(onewhoassociatesotherswith
AllahinHisDivinityorworship)] (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih(authentic)BookofHadithonthe
authorityofJabiribn`Abdullah(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem).TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
alsosaid: ThecovenantthatstandsbetweenusandthemisSalahwhoevergivesitupisaKafir. [RelatedbyAlImam
AhmadandAhlu lSunan(authorsofHadithcompilationsclassifiedbyjurisprudentialthemes)
throughSahihSanad(chainofnarrators)ontheauthorityofBuraydahibnAlHusayb(mayAllahbe
pleasedwithhim)].Therearesomanyevidencestothesameeffectin

(PartNo:7,PageNo:415)

theBookandSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet).Hewhodoesnotregardthe
KafirwhoseKufrisconfirmedasKafirisalsoaKafirlikehim,suchastheonewhodoesnot
regardtheJews,Christians,CommunistsorthelikewhoseKufrisundisputableasKafir.

AMuslimshouldnotbefriendapersonwhoabandonsSalahorcommitsanyactofShirkand
shouldnotaccepthisinvitationorinvitehimtohishome.Rather,oneshouldforsakesucha
person,alongwithadvisingandcallinghimtorepenttoAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)unlessthe
Shari`ahinterestnecessitatesnottoforsakehim,inordertocontinuouslycallhimtorepent, www.ircpk.com
hopingthathemayrespondtoAlHaqq(Truth)andquitfalsehood,butwithoutbefriending
him.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)forsook`AbdullahibnUbay,thechiefofhypocritesforthe
publicinterestandforsookthethreepeoplewhoretreatedfromthebattleofTabukwithno
excuse.

Thepeopleincharge,scholarsandDu`ahs(callerstoIslam)shouldconsiderwhatthe
Shari`ahrulesnecessitateinsuchmattersbesidesthepublicinterestofallMuslims.MayAllah
grantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:416)

BeseechingtheMessengerforHelp

Question:

WhatistherulingonthosewhocalltheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saying:"Helpus,O
MessengerofAllah"or"Helpus,OProphet"?

Answer:

SayingsuchphrasesisasortofmajorShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityor
worship),foritsignifiesseekinghelpfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim).Itisworth
mentioningthatscholarsamongsttheSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet,peacebeupon
him)andtheirfollowersagreedthatseekinghelpfromthedeadwhetherprophetsornot,the
absentangels,Jinn(creaturescreatedfromfire),etc.,oridols,stones,trees,orstarsetc.isa
formofmajorShirk.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: AndthemosquesareforAllh(Alone):soinvokenotanyone
alongwithAllh. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: SuchisAllh,yourLordHisisthekingdom.Andthose,whomyou
invokeorcalluponinsteadofHim,ownnotevenaQitmr(thethinmembraneoverthedatestone). Ifyouinvoke(orcallupon)
them,theyhearnotyourcallandif(incase)theyweretohear,theycouldnotgrantit(yourrequest)toyou.AndontheDayof
Resurrection,theywilldisownyourworshippingthem.Andnonecaninformyou(OMuhammad)likeHimWhois
theAllKnower(ofeverything).

Besides,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andwhoeverinvokes(orworships),besidesAllh,any
otherilh(god),ofwhomhehasnoproofthenhisreckoningisonlywithhisLord.Surely!AlKfirn(thedisbelieversinAllhandin
theOnenessofAllh,polytheists,pagans,idolaters)willnotbesuccessful.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:417)

TherearemanyotherAyahs(Qur'anicverses)tothesameeffect.Itisafactthatsuchdoing
wastheessenceoftheDin(religion)oftheearlyMushriks(thosewhoassociateotherswith
AllahinHisDivinityorworship)oftheKafirs(disbelievers)of Qurayshandothers.However,
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)sentallmessengers(peacebeuponthemall)andrevealedDivineBooks
tocondemnandwarnagainstseekingthehelpofothersbesidesAllah.He(GlorifiedbeHe)
says: Andverily,WehavesentamongeveryUmmah(community,nation)aMessenger(proclaiming):WorshipAllh(Alone),and
avoid(orkeepawayfrom)Tght(allfalsedeitiesi.e.donotworshipTghtbesidesAllh). Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)also
says: AndWedidnotsendanyMessengerbeforeyou(OMuhammad)butWerevealedtohim(saying):L
ilhaillaAna[nonehastherighttobeworshippedbutI(Allh)],soworshipMe(Aloneandnoneelse)." Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: (Thisis)aBook,theVerseswhereofareperfected(ineverysphereofknowledge),andthen
explainedindetailfromOne(Allh),WhoisAllWise,WellAcquainted(withallthings). (Saying)worshipnonebutAllh.Verily,I
(Muhammad )amuntoyoufromHimawarnerandabringerofgladtidings. Moreover,Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)says: TherevelationofthisBook(theQurn)isfromAllh,theAllMighty,theAllWise. VerilyWehave
sentdowntheBooktoyou(OMuhammad)intruth:SoworshipAllh(Alone)bydoingreligiousdeedssincerely
forAllhssakeonly. Surelythereligion(i.e.theworshipandtheobedience)isforAllhonly.Andthosewhotake
Auliy (protectors,helpers,lords,gods)besidesHim(say):"WeworshipthemonlythattheymaybringusneartoAllh."VerilyAllh
willjudgebetweenthemconcerningthatwhereintheydiffer.Truly,Allhguidesnothimwhoisaliar,andadisbeliever. Allah
thusclarifiesintheAyahsquotedabovethatHe(ExaltedbeHe)sentHismessengersand
revealedHisBooksinorderforpeopletoworshipHimAloneandassociatenopartnerwith
Him.AllahthusrevealedHisDininorderforpeopletoofferallsortsof`Ibadah(worship)such
asDu`a'(supplication),seekinghelp,fearingtheCreator,havinghopeinHisMercy,Salah
(Prayer),Sawm(Fast),slaughteringsacrifices,vowingetc.toHimAlone.Besides,Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)clarifiesthattheMushriksofQurayshalongwithotherMushriksusedtotell
messengersandpeoplewhocalledthemtothetruth:(...Weworshipthemonly[i.e.false
protectors,helpers,lords,andgods]thattheymaybringusneartoAllah...)

(PartNo:7,PageNo:418)

ThissignifiesthatthoughtheyworshipedtheirfalsehelperstodrawthemclosertoAllahand
tointercedeforthemnotbecausetheybelievedthattheirfalseprotectorscouldcreate,
providesustain,orruntheaffairsoftheuniverseAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)beliesthemand
declaresthemasKafirsfordoingso.He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays:

He(GlorifiedbeHe)sosays: Verily,Allhwilljudgebetweenthemconcerningthatwhereintheydiffer.Truly,Allh
guidesnothimwhoisaliar,andadisbeliever. He(GlorifiedbeHe)thusexplainsthatwhatMushriks
declarethattheyworshiptheirfalsehelpers,becausetheydrawthemclosertoAllahisjusta
lieandthatsuchpeopleareconsideredKafirsfordoingso.He(GlorifiedbeHe)thussays:

He(GlorifiedbeHe)thussays: Verily,Allhwilljudgebetweenthemconcerningthatwhereintheydiffer.Truly,Allh
www.ircpk.com
guidesnothimwhoisaliar,andadisbeliever. Inaddition,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)pointsoutinanother
Ayah(Qur'anicverse)inSurah(Qur'anicchapter)YunusthatsuchMushriksclaimthattheir
falsegodsaretheirintercessorswithAllah.Inthiscontext,theQur'anreads: Andtheyworship
besidesAllhthingsthatharmthemnot,norprofitthem,andtheysay:TheseareourintercessorswithAllh. Again,Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)considersthemliarsandsays: AndtheyworshipbesidesAllhthingsthatharmthemnot,nor
profitthem,andtheysay: TheseareourintercessorswithAllh.Say:DoyouinformAllhofthatwhichHeknowsnotinthe
heavensandontheearth?GlorifiedandExaltedisHeaboveallthatwhichtheyassociateaspartners(withHim)!

Moreover,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)clarifiesinSurahAlDhariyatthatHecreated
bothJinn(creaturescreatedfromfire)andmankindinorderforthemtoworshipHimAlone
andassociatenothingwithHim.He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndI(Allh)creatednotthe
jinnandmankindexceptthattheyshouldworshipMe(Alone).

AllJinnandmankindhavethustoworshipAllahAlone,betotallydevotedtoHim,andbeware
ofworshipingothersbesidesHim(ExaltedbeHe)whetherprophetsorothers.Theyshouldnot
seektheirhelporofferanykindof`Ibadahtothem.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:419)

ThisistoactupontheAyahsmentionedaboveandthesimilaronesandinconformitywith
whatisauthenticallyreportedfromourProphetandallotherprophets(peacebeuponthem
all)thattheycalledpeopletoTawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah),worshipingAllahAlone,
andassociatingnopartnerwithHim.Infact,thisistheessenceofIslamwithwhichAllahsent
alldifferentmessengers,revealedalldifferentDivineBooks,andforwhichHe(Glorifiedbe
He)createdJinnandmankind.Accordingly,whoeverseeksthehelpofprophetsoranybody
elseoroffersanykindof`IbadahtothemisconsideredassociatingpartnerswithAllahandis
meantbyAllah'ssaying: ButiftheyhadjoinedinworshipotherswithAllh,allthattheyusedtodowouldhavebeenofno
benefittothem. and: Andindeedithasbeenrevealedtoyou(OMuhammad),asitwastothose(Allhs
Messengers)beforeyou:"IfyoujoinothersinworshipwithAllh,(then)surely(all)yourdeedswillbeinvain,andyouwillcertainly
beamongthelosers." Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Verily,Allhforgivesnotthatpartners
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)
shouldbesetupwithHim(inworship),butHeforgivesexceptthat(anythingelse)towhomHewills
alsosays: Verily,whosoeversetsuppartners(inworship)withAllh,thenAllhhasforbiddenParadisetohim,andtheFirewill
behisabode.AndfortheZlimn(polytheistsandwrongdoers)therearenohelpers. Nooneisexcludedfromthe
foregoingproofsexceptthosewhomDa`wah(callingtoIslam)didnotreachbecauseoftheir
beingveryfarawayfromMuslimterritoriestotheextentthattheydidnotknowaboutthe
Qur'anandSunnah.SuchpeoplewillbejudgedbyAllah(GlorifiedbeHe).

However,theproperopinionregardingpeoplewhodidnotknowaboutDa`wahisthatthey
willbetestedontheDayofResurrection.IftheyobeyAllah'sCommand,theywillbe
rewardedinJannah(Paradise)andviceversa.ThesameappliestochildrenofMushrikswho
diedbeforereachingpubertyfortherearetwoproperopinionsconcerningthem:

First:

(PartNo:7,PageNo:420)

TheywillbetestedontheDayofResurrection.Iftheyobey,theywillberewardedinJannah
andviceversa.ProofofthisviewisthatwhentheProphet(peacebeuponhim)wasasked
aboutthem,hesaid: Allahknowswhatsortofdeedstheywouldhavedone. (AgreeduponbyImamsAl
BukhariandMuslim).ThismeansthatwhentheyaretestedontheDayofResurrection,Allah's
knowledgeaboutthemwillbeknown(toHiscreatures).

Second:ThattheywillbeamongstthedwellersofJannahastheydieonAlFitrah(truefaith
ofIslamtoworshipnonebutAllah)beforereachingtheageofTaklif(beingheldlegally
accountableforactions).Moreover,itisauthenticallyreportedthattheMessengerofAllah
(peacebeuponhim)said: EverychildisbornonAlFitrah. Accordingtoanothernarration: [Everychildis
born]followingthisfaith(i.e.toworshipnonebutAllahAlone)buthisparentsconverthimtoJudaism,Christianity,orMagainism.
Besides,itisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)sawprophet
Ibrahim(Abraham,peacebeuponhim)inoneofthegardensofJannahalongwithchildrenof
MuslimsandthoseofMushriks.

Anyway,theforegoingsecondopinionisthemostproperoneonthechildrenofMushriksfor
theproofsmentionedaboveandbecauseAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: AndWeneverpunishuntilWe
havesentaMessenger(togivewarning). Inaddition,AlHafizhIbnHajar(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)
mentionedinhisBookAlFathvol.3,p.247whileexplainingthebookof"Funeralprocessions"
chapteron:"OpinionsonchildrenofMushriks":"Thisview(thesecondonewequotedhere)is
thechosenproperviewaccordingtoverifyingscholars."

Finally,itispermissibleforapersontoseekthehelpofanotherwhilethelatterisalive,
present,andnormallyabletohelp.DoingsoisnotShirk,asAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)saysregardingthestoryofprophetMusa(Moses,peacebeuponhim)withtheCoptic: The
manofhis(own)partyaskedhimforhelpagainsthisfoe Thisisalsobecauseeveryhumanbeingneedstobe
helpedbyotherswithregardtodifferentthingsthatcannotbedoneonanindividualbasis
www.ircpk.com
suchasJihad(fighting/strivingintheCauseofAllah)etc.Seekingsuchhelpisnotthenaform
ofShirk.ItispermissibleandevenmayberecommendedorWajib(obligatory)cooperation
accordingtoShar`y(Islamiclegal)proofsregardingdifferentsituations.MayAllahgrantus
success!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:421)

VisitingtheGravesofAwliya'

Q:

WhatistherulingonthosewhovisitthegraveyardandreciteSurahAlFatihahbythegraves,
especiallythegravesofAwliya'(piouspersons)astheyaresocalledinsomecountries?Some
ofthesevisitorsclaimthattheymeannoShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityor
worship)buttheydosobecausewhentheyforsakevisitingthegravesofAwliya',theWaliy
comestothemduringsleepandblamesthemsaying,'whydidyounotvisitme?'Please,
advise.MayAllahrewardyouthebest!

A:

ItisanactofSunnahforMuslimmentovisitthegraves.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
said, VisitthegravesfortheyremindyouoftheHereafter. (RelatedbyImamMusliminhisSahih)Also,itis
relatedalsobyMusliminhisSahihontheauthorityofBuraydahIbnAlHusayb(mayAllahbepleased
withhim)thathesaid,"TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)usedtoteachHisSahabah
(companions)whenevertheyvisitedthegravestosay, Maypeacebeuponyou,Oinmatesoftheseabodesof
believersandMuslims,andwe,ifAllahwills,shalljoinyou.WeinvokeAllahforwellbeingforourselvesandforyou.

Moreover,itisauthenticallyreportedfrom`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)thatthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)usedtosaywhenvisitingthegraveyard, Maypeacebeuponyou!O
inmatesoftheseabodesofbelieversandMuslims,andwe,ifAllahwills,shalljoinyou.MayAllahconfermercyonthepreceding
(ones)amongstus(whohavepassedaway)andthelaterones(tocome)!OAllah!ForgivethepeopleofBaqi`AlGharqadi.e.the
graveyardofMadinah.

However,itwasnotreportedthathe(peacebeuponhim)recitedSurahAlFatihahorany
otherSurahoftheQur'anwhenhevisitedthegraveyard.Accordingly,thisisaBida`ah(a
matterinnovatedinreligion).Similarly,recitinganyotherSurahoftheQur'anhasthesame
ruling.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Whoeverintroducestoourmatter(religion)anythingwhichdoes
notbelongto,itwillhaveitrejected. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim)

(PartNo:7,PageNo:422)

Accordingtothenarrationof Muslim(mayAllahconfermercyuponhim),theProphet(peacebe
uponhim)said, Whoeverdoesanactforwhichthereisnosanctionfromourbehalf,itistoberejected.

Moreover,itismentionedintheSahihofMuslimontheauthorityofJabirIbn`AbdullahAlAnsary(may
Allahbepleasedwiththem)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)usedtosayinFriday
Sermon, Andthen,thebestofthespeechistheBookofAllah,andthebestofguidanceistheguidancegivenbyMuhammad.And
themostevilofallmattersaretheirreligiouslyinnovatedonesandeveryBida`ahismisguidance. ThisHadithwasalso
relatedbyAlNasa'iywhohadinhisnarrationanextraphrase: andeverymisguidanceleadstoHellfire.

ItisincumbentuponMuslimstoabidebytheglorifiedShari`ahandbewareofreligious
innovationsdonewhilevisitingthegraveyardandotherplaces.Itisworthmentioningthat
visitingthegravesofMuslimsisallowedwhethertheyarecalledAwliya'ornot.

Indeed,theAwliya'arebelievers.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)said, Nodoubt!Verily,theAuliyofAllh[i.e.
thosewhobelieveintheOnenessofAllhandfearAllhmuch(abstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeedswhichhehasforbidden),
andloveAllhmuch(performallkindsofgooddeedswhichHehasordained)],nofearshallcomeuponthemnorshalltheygrieve.
Thosewhobelieved(intheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism),andusedtofearAllhmuch(byabstainingfromevildeedsand
sinsandbydoingrighteousdeeds). AndHe(ExaltedbeHe)saidinSurahAlAnfal, andtheyarenotits
Moreover,itis
guardians?NonecanbeitsguardiansexceptAlMuttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2),butmostofthemknownot.
notpermissibleforavisitorofgravesoranyotherpersontosupplicateorseekhelpfromthe
dead.Itisalsoimpermissibletotakevowsoroffersacrificesforthembythegraveorinany
otherplacetodrawneartothedeadandhavetheirintercession,ortocureone'sillness,
provevictoriousoverone'senemy,orfulfillotherthings.Thisisbecausethesematters(i.e.
supplication,seekinghelp,takingvows,andofferingsacrifice)areclassifiedasactsofworship
thatmaynotbedevotedtoanyonebutAllah.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)said, Andtheywerecommanded
not,butthattheyshouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim) Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndI(Allh)creatednotthejinnandmankindexceptthattheyshould
worshipMe(Alone). Allah

(PartNo:7,PageNo:423)

(MayHebeGlorified)says: AndthemosquesareforAllh(Alone):soinvokenotanyonealongwithAllh. Allah www.ircpk.com


(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, AndyourLordhasdecreedthatyouworshipnonebutHim.

i.e.Allahcommandsandenjoinsthat.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, So,callyou(O
Muhammadandthebelievers)upon(orinvoke)Allhmaking(your)worshippureforHim(Alone)(byworshipping
nonebutHimandbydoingreligiousdeedssincerelyforAllhssakeonlyandnottoshowoffandnottosetuprivalswithHimin
worship),howevermuchthedisbelievers(intheOnenessofAllh)mayhate(it). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
alsosays, Say(OMuhammad):"Verily,mySalt(prayer),mysacrifice,myliving,andmydyingareforAllh,
theLordofthe Alamn(mankind,jinnandallthatexists). "Hehasnopartner.AndofthisIhavebeencommanded,andIamthe
firstoftheMuslims." TherearemanyAyahs(Qur'anicVerses)whichassurethismeaning.Moreover,
itisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, TherightofAllahuponHis
slavesisthattheyshouldworshipHimandnotassociateanythingwithHim. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariand
Muslim).ThisHadithwasnarratedontheauthorityofMu`adh(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim).

ThisHadithincludesallactsofworshipsuchasSalah,Sawm,Ruku'(bowing),Sujud
(prostration),Hajj,supplication,slaughtering,vowing,andotheractsofworship.Itisrelated
intheSahihofMuslimontheauthorityof`Aly(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thattheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said, Allahhascursedtheonewhoslaughters(asacrifice)tootherthanAllah.

Moreover,itisrelatedintheSahihofAlBukharyontheauthorityof`UmarIbnAlKhattab(mayAllahbe
pleasedwithhim)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Donotexaggerateinpraisingmeasthe
ChristiansdidwiththesonofMaryam(Mary),forIamonlyaslave.So,callmeAllah'sslaveandMessenger.

TheHadithsthatcommandustoworshipAllahAlone,forbidassociatingotherswithHimin
worship,andwarnagainstthemeansthereofaremanyandknown.

Asforwomen,itisnotpermissibleforthemtovisitthegraveyard,fortheProphet(peacebe
uponhim) Cursedthewomenwhovisitgraves. Thewisdomunderlyingthisrulingmaybethatvisiting
graveyardsforwomenmaycausetroublesforthemand

(PartNo:7,PageNo:424)

men.However,duringtheearlytimesofIslam,visitinggraveyardswasnotpermittedtoblock
thewaytoShirk.Then,whenIslamspreadandTawhid(monotheism)prevailed,theProphet
(peacebeuponhim)permittedalltovisitthegraves.Afterthat,he(peacebeuponhim)
forbadewomentovisitgravestoendthecausesoftemptationthatmayfollow.

AsforvisitingthegravesofthedisbelieversinordertorememberAllahanddeath,itis
permissiblebutitisnotpermittedtosupplicatetooraskAllahtoforgivethem.Itis
authenticallyreportedintheSahihofMuslimthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)sought
Allah'spermissiontoaskHimforgivenessforhismotherbutAllahdidnotallowhim.So,he
(peacebeuponhim)askedAllahtopermithimtovisithergrave,soAllahallowedhimasshe
diedinthedaysofJahiliyyah(preIslamictimeofignorance)believinginthereligionofher
people.

MayAllahhelpallMuslims,malesandfemalestounderstandandabidebyHisreligionin
word,deed,andcreed!MayAllahkeepthemawayfromwhatgoesagainstHisShari`ahforHe
istheOneWhoisabletodoso!MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponProphetMuhammad,
hisHousehold,andSahabah!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7

,PageNo:425)

Itisimpermissibletoglorifythetracesofscholarsinamannerthatleadsto

exceedingtheproperlimitsandcommittingShirk

PraisebetoAllah.MaypeaceandblessingsbeupontheMessengerofAllah,hisfamily,Companions,and
whoeverfollowshisguidance!

Riyadhnewspaperpublishedinitsissuedated(21/10/1412A.H.)anarticlebyS.D.entitled(Therestoration
ofthehouseofshaykhMuhammadibn`AbdulWahhabinHuraymila').ThewritermentionedthattheDirectorateof
AntiquesandMuseumspaidagreatattentiontothehouseoftherevivalistoftheSalafiCall(thewayofthe
righteouspredecessors),shaykhMuhammadibn`AbdulWahhab(mayAllahbemercifultohim)inthedistrictof
Ghaylan,Huraymila'.Thus,thehousehasbeenmaintainedandrestoredwithaclayishmaterialthatresembles
theoriginaloneusedinconstruction.Aspecialguardhasbeenentrustedwithguardingthishouse,etc."The
PermanentCommitteeforScholarlyResearchandIftaa'intheKingdomofSaudiArabiahadreadthementioned
articleandsawthatthisisimpermissibleact,foritisameanstoexceedingtheproperlimitsinshaykh
Muhammad(mayAllahbemercifultohim)andhislikesscholarsoftruth.Furthermore,itinvolvesseekingthe
blessingsintheirtracesandconsequentlyfallingintoshirk.Thecommitteehasalsorecommendedto
demolishitandbenefitfromtheareainextendingtheroadsoastoblockthemeanstoshirkand
excessivenessandputadecisiveendtothat.Moreover,itrequestedthecompetentauthoritiestoundertake
thatimmediately.Thisdeclarationcomestounveilthetruthandwarnagainstthisabominableact.May
peaceandblessingbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,andCompanions!

ChairmanoftheDepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,Ifta',Da`wah,andGuidance

ChairmanofthePermanentCommitteeforScholarlyResearchandIfta'

`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahibnBaz

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:426)

ItisnotpermissibletoburythedeadinMasjids(mosques)

From`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahibnBaztothehonorablebrotherH.`A.N.M.M.MayAllahgrantyou
safety,Amen!

A ssalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbe
uponyou!)

Inreferencetoyourkindmessagewhereyouaskedforsomebooksandrequiredtheanswer
foraquestion,wethankyouforyourinterestandjealousy.Itpleasesusmuchtofulfillyour
wishbysendingacopyofZadAlMa`ad,Al`AqidahAlWasitiyyahwiththecommentaryof
MuhammadKhalilAlHarras,AlQa`idahAlJalilahofShaykhAlIslamIbnTaymiyah,FathAlMajidandthe
commentaryonAl`AqidahAlTahawiyyahofIbnAbuAl`Iz.

Asforthequestion,itisobligatorytoforbidpeoplefromburyingtheirdeadintheMasjidand
toremovetheplacetheypreparedforburial.YoushouldseekthehelpofAllahandthenthe
effortsofscholarstopersuadepeoplethatthisisanimpermissibleact,fortheProphet(peace
beuponhim)said: AllahhascursedtheJewsandtheChristiansfortheybuiltplacesofworshipoverthegravesoftheir
prophets. ThisHadithisreportedbyAlBukhariandMuslimfrom`Aishah(mayAllahbepleased
withher).TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid, Bewareofthosewhoprecededyouandusedtotakethe
gravesoftheirprophetsandrighteousmenasplacesofworship,butyoumustnottakegravesasmosquesIforbidyoutodothat.
RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih(bookofauthenticHadiths)fromJundabIbn`AbdullahAlBajaly(may
Allahbepleasedwithhim).ItisrelatedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.Al
BukhariandMuslim)from`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher) that

(PartNo:7,PageNo:427)

UmSalamahandUmHabibah(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)mentionedachurchtheyhadseeninAbyssinia(Ethiopia)inwhich
therewerepictures.TheytoldtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)aboutit,onwhichhesaid,Ifanyreligiousmandiesamongstthose
peopletheywouldbuildaplaceofworshipathisgraveandputthesepicturesinit.TheywillbetheworstcreatureinthesightofAllah
ontheDayofResurrection.

TheseHadithsandthelikeindicatetheprohibitionofbuildingMasjidsongravesandplacinggravesinsideMasjids,becausethisisa
matterofmajorShirk(associatingothersinworshipwithAllah).ItisrelatedinSahihMuslimfromJabirIbn`Abdullah(mayAllahbe
pleasedwiththem)thathesaid: TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)forbadetheplasteringofgraves,sittingonthem,and
buildingoverthem.

Buildingongraves,plastering,placingcurtainsonthem,offeringSalah(prayer)there,andbuildingMasjidsoverthemaremeans
leadingtoShirk.

MayAllahgrantMuslimssafetyfromdoingthatandmakethemunderstandtheirreligion,helpthemholdfasttotheShari`ahofAllah
andsticktoit.MayAllahguidethescholarstoeducateanddirectpeopletogoodnessinthelightoftheBookofAllahandtheSunnah
oftheProphet,forHeisAllHearing,AllRespondent.

MayAllahguideandhelpyoutoallgood!Indeed,Heisthebesttobeasked.Assalamu`Alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(May
Allah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!).

ChairmanoftheDepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,

Ifta',Da`wahandGuidance.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:428)

InvokingthedeadandseekingtheirhelpisaformofmajorShirk

Q:

Whatistherulingonwhatsomeignorantpeopledobythegravestheyinvokethedead,seek
theirhelp,andaskthemforhealingorvictoryovertheirenemies?Thisisnoticedinmany
countries.

A:

IntheNameofAllah.AllpraiseisduetoAllah.ThisisaformofmajorShirk(associating
otherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship),whichistheShirkcommittedbytheearlier
Mushriks(thosewhoassociateotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)ofQurayshand
others.TheyusedtoworshipAlLat,Al`Uzza,Manatandotheridols.Theyusedtoinvoke
themandseektheirhelpagainsttheenemiesasAbuSufyansaidonthedayofUhud.[TheProphet
toldtheCompanionstoreply]: Saytohim(AbuSufyan),"Allahisoursupporter,butyouhavenone."AbuSufyanthen
said,"MayHubalbesuperior!",whereHubalisthenameoftheidolworshippedbyQurayshinMakkah.TheProphet(peacebeupon
him)askedtheCompanionstoreplytohim.Theyasked,"O,MessengerofAllah!Whatshallwesay?"Hesaid,"Say,'AllahisMore
SuperiorandMoreSublime.'"

Supplicatingtothedead,idols,stones,treesandothercreaturesseekingtheirhelp
sacrificinganimalsforthemmakingvowstothemandcircumambulatingaroundthemare
consideredformsofmajorShirk,astheyareformsof`Ibadah(worship)dedicatedtopeople
otherthanAllahandimitationofthedeedscommittedbyearlierandlaterMushriks.Thus,we
shouldbeawareofthemandperformTawbah(repentancetoAllah)ofthem.

ThescholarsandDu`ah(callerstoIslam)shouldadvisethepeoplewhocommitthosedeeds,
teachthem,guidethem,andclarifytothemthatitisconsideredShirkaccordingtothewayof
earlierMushriks,aboutwhom

(PartNo:7,PageNo:429)

Allahsays, AndtheyworshipbesidesAllhthingsthatharmthemnot,norprofitthem,andtheysay:Theseareourintercessors
withAllh. He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays, Verily,AllhforgivesnotthatpartnersshouldbesetupwithHim(in
worship),butHeforgivesexceptthat(anythingelse)towhomHewills He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays, Butiftheyhad
joinedinworshipotherswithAllh,allthattheyusedtodowouldhavebeenofnobenefittothem. He(GlorifiedbeHe)
alsosays, Verily,whosoeversetsuppartners(inworship)withAllh,thenAllhhasforbiddenParadisetohim,andtheFirewill
behisabode.AndfortheZlimn(polytheistsandwrongdoers)therearenohelpers. AddressingProphetMuhammad
(peacebeuponhim),Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Andindeedithasbeenrevealedtoyou(O
Muhammad),asitwastothose(AllhsMessengers)beforeyou:"IfyoujoinothersinworshipwithAllh,(then)
surely(all)yourdeedswillbeinvain,andyouwillcertainlybeamongthelosers." TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
said, WhoeverdieswhilestillinvokingarivaltoAllahwillenterHellfire. RelatedbyAlBukhariinhisSahih
(authentic)BookofHadith.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid, TherightofAllahoverHis
ServantsisthattheyshouldworshipHimandnotassociateanythingwithHim. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhari
andMuslim).He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid, ApersonwhomeetsAllahwithoutassociatinganythingwithHim
willenterJannah(Paradise)andapersonwhomeetsHimwhileassociatinganythingwithHimwillenterHellfire. Relatedby
MusliminhisSahihBookofHadith.TherearemanyAyahs(Qur'anicverses)andHadithsthat
stressthesamemeaning.

MayAllahgranttheMuslimscomprehensionofreligionprotectthemfromallthatcausesHis
angergrantthemsincereTawbahofallevilguidetheMuslimscholarseverywheretospread
knowledgeandteachtheignorantpeopleTawhid(monotheism)andobedienceofAllahthey
werecreatedforsupport

(PartNo:7,PageNo:430)

HisreligionmakeHisWordsuperiorandguidetheMuslimleaderstodeepinsightofreligion,
referringtoShari`ah(Islamiclaw)andimposingituponthepeople.HeistheMostGenerous
One.

MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamilyandCompanions!

ChairmanoftheDepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,Ifta'

Daw`ah,andGuidance
www.ircpk.com
`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahibnBaz

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:7,PageNo:431)

Celebrationsheldafterdeath

Q:

InYemen,itiscustomarytoholdcelebrationsafterthedeathofaperson.Theyevenborrow
moneytoholdsuchcelebrations,preparefood,drinks,etc.evenifthedeceasedwaspoorand
leftnothing.Whatistherulingonsuchpractices?MayAllahrewardyouwiththebest!

A:

Itisnotpermissibletoholdcelebrationsafterthedeathofaperson.Thebereavedfamily
shouldnotholdcelebrations,slaughteranimals,orpreparefoodforthosewhocometooffer
condolences.AlltheseareformsofBid`ah(innovationinreligion)andfromthepracticesof
Jahiliyyah(preIslamictimeofignorance).Thus,theyshouldbeabandoned.

ItisauthenticallyreportedthatJarirIbn`AbdullahAlBajaly(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)said,"We
(theProphet'sCompanions)usedtoconsidergatheringforvisitingthedeceased'sfamilyand
preparingfoodafterdeathasactsofwailing."(RelatedbyImamAhmadwithanauthenticchain
oftransmission)Whenapersonpassesaway,itispermissibleforMuslimstoaskAllah's
forgivenessandMercyforhim.TheyshouldabandonthepracticesofJahiliyyah.However,itis
permissiblefortherelativesandtheneighborstopreparefoodforthebereavedfamily,for
theyareoccupiedwiththecalamitythathasbefallenthem.Itisauthenticallyreportedfrom
`AbdullahIbnJa`farIbnAbuTalib(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)that "WhenthenewsofthedeathofJa`faribn
AbuTalib(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim),whowaskilledintheBattleofMu'tahthattookplaceinAlSham(TheLevant),reached
Madinah,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)commandedhisfamilytopreparefoodforthefamilyofJa`far.He(peacebeuponhim)
said:'Theyhavewhatoccupiesthembadly." Thebereavedfamilyshouldnotcookfoodforthosewhocome
tooffercondolencesforthepreviouslymentionedreasons.However,itispermissibletocook
foodforthemselvesorfortheirguests.

(PartNo:7,PageNo:432)

Note

ThereaderwillnoticethattheFatawaon`Aqidahandrelevantissuesfromthecollectionof
FatwaandarticlesbyShaykh`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahibnBaz(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)also
includequestionsandanswersonothertopics.

Thesequestionswerepartoflecturesthatwererecordedontapesforpeople.HisEminence
suggestedthateachoftheseFatawashouldbeplacedintheirproperplaceinthechapterof
Fiqh(Islamicjurisprudence)forthepublicinterest.

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