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English Translations of

Majmooal-Fatawa
of late Scholar Ibn
Bazz (R)
Second Edition
By:
Sheikh `Abdul `Aziz Bin `Abdullah ibn
`AbdulRahman ibn Bazz (May Allah forgive and
reward al-Firdouse to him and his parents)

He was The Mufti of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia,


Chairman of the Council of Senior Scholars,
and Chairman of Department of Scholarly Research and
Ifta'

This English Translations are collected from


http://www.alifta.com
Portal of the General Presidency of Scholarly Research
and Ifta'

This file is volume No.06 of 30


www.ircpk.com | www.ahlulhadeeth.net
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ObligationofWorshippingandFearingAllah

PraisebetoAllah,theLordofalltheWorlds,andthegoodendwillbeforpiouspeople.Maypeaceand
blessingsbeuponAllah'sServant,MessengerandKhalil(belovedServant)andtheoneHeisentrustedwith
HisrevelationandthebestofHiscreaturesourProphetandImam(leader)andMasterMuhammadibn
Abdullah,hisfamily,Companionsandthosewhofollowedhispathandwereguidedbyhisguidanceuntil
theDayofJudgment.

IthankAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)forgrantingmethischancetomeetwithMuslimbrothersand
sisterstorecommendoneanothertothetruth,tocooperateindoingactsofpietyandrighteousness,to
receiveadmonitionforsakeofAllah(ExaltedbeHe),andtoexplainthepurposeforwhichAllah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)createdusandsentthemessengerstousinorderthatwehaveafirmknowledgeofour
dutiestowardsAllahuntilwemeetHim(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)inthedayofJudgment.IaskAllah
(GlorifiedbeHe)toblessourmeeting,tosetrightallourheartsanddeeds,tosupportHisDin(religion)and
letitprevailoverotherbeliefs,andtohelpourauthoritiestoachieveeverythingthatleadstothewellbeing
ofMuslimpeoplesandcountriesandtheirhappinessbothinthisworldandinthehereafter.

Afterwards,Iwouldliketothankmydearbrother,thedirectorgeneralofKingFaysalhospitalatAlTa'if,Dr.Taha
A lKhatibforinvitingmetojointhismeeting.MayAllahblesshimandhisstaffandhelpthemallachievewhat
reformstheaffairsofthisworldandthehereafterandbenefitsallthosewhoarepatientfromamongour
brothersandsisters!MayAllahrendereverybody'seffortsbeneficialandsuccessful!

Italktoyouinmyspeechunderthetitle:TheobligationofworshipingAllahandfearingHimandthe
relevantdetailsonthisissueregardingAllah'scommandsandprohibitions.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)saysintheGloriousQur'an: Omankind!WorshipyourLord(Allh),Whocreatedyouandthosewhowerebeforeyouso
thatyoumaybecomeAlMuttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Omankind!Be
dutifultoyourLord,Whocreatedyoufromasingleperson(Adam),andfromhim(Adam)Hecreatedhiswife[Haww(Eve)],and
fromthembothHecreatedmanymenandwomenandfearAllhthroughWhomyoudemand(yourmutualrights),and(donotcut
therelationsof)thewombs(kinship).Surely,AllhisEveranAllWatcheroveryou.

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Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndI(Allh)creatednotthejinnandmankindexceptthattheyshould
worshipMe(Alone). Iseeknotanyprovisionfromthem(i.e.provisionforthemselvesorforMycreatures)nordoIaskthatthey
Allah
shouldfeedMe(i.e.feedthemselvesorMycreatures). Verily,AllhistheAllProvider,OwnerofPower,theMostStrong.
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Omankind!FearyourLordandbedutifultoHim!Verily,theearthquakeoftheHour
(ofJudgement)isaterriblething. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Omankind!Wehavecreatedyoufroma
maleandafemale,andmadeyouintonationsandtribes,thatyoumayknowoneanother.Verily,themosthonourableofyouwith
Allhisthat(believer)whohasAtTaqw[i.e.heisoneoftheMuttaqn(thepious.SeeV.2:2)].Verily,AllhisAllKnowing,All
Aware. TherearemanyAyahs(Qur'anicverses)tothesameeffect.Infact,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)sentallHis
messengersfromNuh(Noah,peacebeuponhim)totheLastProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim),to
callpeopletoTawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah),toobeyAllah,andtofearHim.Differentmessengers
werealsosenttowarnpeopleagainstShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)and
disobedienceofAllah.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Andverily,WehavesentamongeveryUmmah(community,nation)a
Messenger(proclaiming):WorshipAllh(Alone),andavoid(orkeepawayfrom)Tght(allfalsedeitiesi.e.donotworshipTght
besidesAllh). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndWedidnotsendanyMessengerbeforeyou(O
Muhammad ) butWerevealedtohim(saying):LilhaillaAna[nonehastherighttobeworshippedbutI
(Allh)],soworshipMe(Aloneandnoneelse)."

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)createdallmenandwomen,Jinn(creaturescreatedfromfire)andmankind,rulers
andpeoples,ArabsandnonArabstoworshipHimAlone.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)createdallthisinorderthat
wemayfearHim(GlorifiedbeHe)regardingallthatwedoandallthatweabandon,andthatwecall
ourselvestoaccountforourdeedssothatweremainfirmonTawhid,obeyAllah,andhastentofulfillHis
obligations,andabandonwhatHeprohibited.Thus,itisWajib(obligatory)oneverymaleandfemale
Mukallaf(personmeetingtheconditionstobeheldlegallyaccountablefortheiractions)toworshipAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)wherevertheyare.

Eachoneofushastoconformtowhathasbeenmentioned,forthisisthereasonforwhichwehavebeen
created.ThisistheobligationthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)commandsustoadheretobothinHisDivineBooks
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andthroughHismessengers(peacebeuponthem).EveryMukallafwhetheramaleorafemale,Arabor
nonArab,Jinnorahumanbeing,hastoworshipAllah,fearHim,andabidebyIslam.

MuslimshavetoremainfirmandadheretotheirDin.TheyhavetolearntherulingsoftheirDintocarryout
itsobligationswithsureknowledgeandabandonitsprohibitionswithsureknowledge.Ontheotherhand,
scholarseverywherehavetocallpeopletoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andteach

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themHisDin.

Scholarshavetodoso,becausetheyarethesuccessorsofthemessengers(peacebeuponthemall).The
messengersweresenttoteachpeople,guidethem,callthemtothetruth,andwarnthemagainstShirkand
othersins.Therefore,Muslimscholarsallovertheworldhavetoteachpeople,informthemaboutthe
rulingsoftheirDin,andexplainthethingsthattheydonotknow.Scholarshavetodothesethingsinorder
topleaseAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger,fulfilltheobligationofadvisingothers,andconveythe
messageofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)withthatwhichHe(GlorifiedbeHe)sentHisProphetMuhammad(peace
beuponhim).

Ontheotherhand,peoplewhoarecalledtoadheretotheinstructionsoftheDinhavetorespondtothe
commandofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger,tolearntheirDin,toenquireaboutthingsthatthey
donotknow,andtoworshipAllahAlonesincerelyforHe(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andtheywere
commandednot,butthattheyshouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim)
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Omankind!WorshipyourLord(Allh),Whocreatedyouandthosewhowerebeforeyou
sothatyoumaybecomeAlMuttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Omankind!
BedutifultoyourLord,Whocreatedyoufromasingleperson(Adam) He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: AndI(Allh)created
notthejinnandmankindexceptthattheyshouldworshipMe(Alone). Thus,mankindandJinnhavebeenthuscreatedto
worshipAllahAlone.TheyarecommandedtodosobothbyAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)andHisMessenger
(peaceandblessingsbeuponhim).

Accordingly,whentheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)receivedtherevelationofAllah,he(peace
beuponhim)conveyedthemessagetopeopleandsaid: Opeople,say:NogodbutAllahinordertobeprosperous.
TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)calledhispeopletoIslambeforecallinganybodyelse.Hecalledthemto
worshipAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andtoabandontheShirkthattheyusedtoindulgein.Hecalledthemtogive
upworshippingidols,trees,stones,deceasedpeople,stars,andsoon.Conversely,theMessengerofAllah
(peacebeuponhim)commandedpeopletooffertheir`Ibadah(worship),Du`a's(supplications),vows,
sacrifices,Salahs(Prayers),Sawms(Fasts),andthelikeforthesakeofAllahAlone.He(ExaltedbeHe)
says: AndyourLordhasdecreedthatyouworshipnonebutHim. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andthe
mosquesareforAllh(Alone):soinvokenotanyonealongwithAllh. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: And
whoeverinvokes(orworships),besidesAllh,anyotherilh(god),ofwhomhehasnoproofthenhisreckoningisonlywithhisLord.
Surely!AlKfirn(thedisbelieversinAllhandintheOnenessofAllh,polytheists,pagans,idolaters)willnotbesuccessful. Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: InvokeMe,[i.e.believeinMyOneness(IslmicMonotheism)andaskMefor
anything]Iwillrespondtoyour(invocation). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndwhenMyslavesaskyou
(OMuhammad)concerningMe,then(answerthem),Iamindeednear(tothembyMyKnowledge).Irespondto
theinvocationsofthesupplicantwhenhecallsonMe(withoutanymediatororintercessor).SoletthemobeyMeandbelieveinMe,
sothattheymaybeledaright.

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Therefore,itisWajibonallmaleandfemaleMukallafs(personsmeetingtheconditionstobeheldlegally
accountablefortheiractions)amongstjinnandhumanbeings,rulersandtheirpeoples,Arabsandnon
ArabstoworshipAllahAloneandtocomplywiththemeaningofLailahaillaAllahforitreallymeansthat:
ThereisnotruedeitybutAllah.ThisiswhatismeantbyAllah'ssaying: Andtheywerecommandednot,butthat
theyshouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim) Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: You(Alone)weworship,andYou(Alone)weaskforhelp(foreachandeverything). Thisisthe
majorobligationthatallMukallafsallovertheworldhavetofulfilltoworshipAllahAlone,whichisthe
basicfoundationoftheDinofIslam.

ThefoundationoftheDinofIslamistosurrendertoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)throughTawhid,sincerity,
abandoningShirk,andsubmittingtoAllahbycarryingoutHiscommandsandgivingupHisprohibitions.
ThisistheverymeaningofIslamitself.

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Truly,thereligionwithAllhisIslm. He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Andwhoeverseeks


areligionotherthanIslm,itwillneverbeacceptedofhim,andintheHereafterhewillbeoneofthelosers. Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Thisday,Ihaveperfectedyourreligionforyou,completedMyFavouruponyou,andhavechosenfor
youIslmasyourreligion. ThisAyah(Qur'anicverse)wasrevealedontheDayof`Arafah(9thofDhulHijjah)
whiletheProphet(peacebeuponhim)wasin`ArafahduringhisFarewellHajj.InthisAyah,Allah(Glorified
beHe)pointsoutthatHehasperfectedHisDin,completedHisFavor,andchosenforHisslavestheDinof
Islam,whichistohavesincerebeliefinTawhid,tobehumblebeforeAllah,tocomplywithHiscommands,
andtoabandonHisprohibitionsbyfirstlyabandoningShirk.Asstatedearlier,thisisthemeaningofLailaha
illaAllah(thereisnotruedeitybutAllah).ThisiswhatismeantbyAllah'ssaying: WhoeverdisbelievesinTght
andbelievesinAllh,thenhehasgraspedthemosttrustworthyhandholdthatwillneverbreak.AndAllhisAllHearer,AllKnower.
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndyourLordhasdecreedthatyouworshipnonebutHim. Allah
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(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: WorshipAllhandjoinnonewithHim(inworship) Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: SoworshipAllh(Alone)bydoingreligiousdeedssincerelyforAllhssakeonly. Surelythereligion
(i.e.theworshipandtheobedience)isforAllhonly. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: ThatisbecauseAllh
HeistheTruth(theonlyTrueGodofallthatexists,WhohasnopartnersorrivalswithHim),andwhatthey(thepolytheists)invoke
besidesHim,itisBtil(falsehood).

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Muslimshavetoabidebythisfoundation,whichisbelievinginTawhid,beingsinceretoAllah,and
abandoningShirkwhilecontinuingtocarryoutallothercommandsandabandonallotherprohibitions.

AmongstthecommandsofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)aretheremainingpillarsofIslam,whichareSalah
(Prayer),Zakah(obligatorycharity),Sawm(Fast),andHajj.Infact,Islamisfoundedonfivepillarsofwhich
thefirstistobearwitnessthatthereisnotruedeitybutAllahandthatMuhammadistheMessengerof
Allah.Thus,aslaveofAllahabidesbythissothatheworshipsAllahAlone,abandonsShirk,followstheway
ofProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)andbelievesthathewassentbyAllahtobothJinnand
mankind,thatheisthelastofalltheprophets,thatMuslimshavetolovehimmorethantheirownselves
andmorethanallothercreatures,andthatMuslimshavetoobeyhim,andfollowtheShari`ah(Islamiclaw)
thatheconveyedandbefirmindoingso.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Say(OMuhammad
):"Omankind!Verily,IamsenttoyouallastheMessengerofAllhtoWhombelongsthedominionoftheheavensand
theearth.LilhaillaHuwa(nonehastherighttobeworshippedbutHe).ItisHeWhogiveslifeandcausesdeath.SobelieveinAllh
andHisMessenger(Muhammad),theProphetwhocanneitherreadnorwrite(i.e.Muhammad
),whobelievesinAllhandHisWords[(thisQurn),theTaurt(Torah)andtheInjeel(Gospel)andalsoAllhsWord:"Be!"
andhewas,i.e.Is(Jesus)sonofMaryam(Mary),],andfollowhimsothatyoumaybeguided." Allah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Say(OMuhammadtomankind):"Ifyou(really)loveAllhthenfollowme
(i.e.acceptIslmicMonotheism,followtheQurnandtheSunnah),Allhwillloveyouandforgiveyouyoursins. Themeaningof
thisAyahis:Say,OMessenger,topeoplethatifyouaresincereinyourloveforAllah,thenfollowmeand
Allahwillloveyou.Consequently,whoeverlovesAllahandHisMessengersincerelyhastofollowProphet
Muhammad(peacebeuponhim)bycarryingoutthecommandsandgivinguptheprohibitionsthathe
conveyedfromAllah(ExaltedbeHe).ThisstartsbybelievinginTawhidandabandoningShirkthen
performingthefiveobligatorySalahs,continuingtoperformthemattheirappointedtimeswithhumbleness
andtranquilityduringitsQiyam(standing),Ruku`(bowing),Sujud(prostration),betweeneverytwoSujuds,
andwhenrisingupfromRuku`.MaleMuslimshavetoperformSalahintheMasjid(mosque)andfemale
MuslimshavetoperformitathomeinaperfectmannerasAllah(ExaltedbeHe)commands.

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Moreover,itisrelatedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim): Thataman
enteredtheProphet'sMasjid(mosque)inMadinahwhiletheProphet(peacebeuponhim)wassittingwithsomeofhisSahabah
(companionsoftheProphet).ThemanofferedSalahbutdidnotperfectit.HethencameandgreetedtheMessengerofAllah(peace
beuponhim).TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)returnedhisgreetingandsaid:'Gobackandpray,foryouhavenot
offeredtheprayer.'Heprayedagainashehadprayedbefore,andcametotheProphetofAllah(peacebeuponhim)andgreeted
him.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)returnedhisgreetingandsaidtohimthesameandthiswasdonethreetimes.Uponthis,the
personsaid:'ByHimWhohassentyouwithTruth,Icannotdobetterthanthis,pleaseteachme'.ThentheProphet(peacebeupon
him)saidtohim:'Whenyougetupfortheprayer,performablutionproperlyandthenfacetheQiblaandsayTakbir(AllahuAkbar),
andthenreciteofwhatyouknowoftheQuran'. Accordingtoanothernarration: ThenrecitewithUmmAlQuran(the
MotheroftheQura n : A lFatihah)andwhatAllahwillsforyoutorecitethenbowuntilyouaretranquilinbowing,thenrise(from
bowing)untilyoustandstraight.Thenprostrateuntilyouaretranquilinprostration,thensitupuntilyouaretranquilinsitting.Then,
prostrateuntilyouaretranquilinprostration,thensitupuntilyouaretranquilinsitting,anddothatthroughoutyourwholeSalah.
TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)thusexplainedtohimthewayhehadtoperformtheSalahwhichAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)ordainedforHisslavesandcommandedhimtocontinueperformingitinthesamemanner.

ThegreatHadithquotedabovesignifiesthattranquilityisaconditionofthevalidityofSalahsothatwhoever
missesitwillnothavetheirSalahaccepted.ThesameappliesincasesofobligatoryandvoluntarySalahs
alikethoughgreaterconcernhastobepaidtoobligatorySalahs.

Therefore,itisWajibonallmaleandfemaleMuslimstoperformSalahasAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHis
Messengercommanded.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)commandsustoestablishSalahi.e.toperformitperfectly.
MuslimsalsohavetogiveZakahforAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)commandsthemtodosobysaying: andperform
A sSalt(IqmatasSalt),andgiveZakt. AllMuslimshavetolearntherulingsofSalahandZakah.Theyhaveto
askscholarsaboutdoubtfulmatters.Moreover,allMuslimshavetoperformSawmduringRamadanofevery
year,whichisoneofthefivepillarsofIslam.Inaddition,allmaleandfemaleMuslimshavetomakeHajjto
A lBaytAlHaram(theSacredHouse:anothernamefortheKa`bah)atleastonceinaperson'slifetime,if
theyareabletodoso,forAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: AndHajj(pilgrimagetoMakkah)totheHouse(Kabah)isaduty
thatmankindowestoAllh,thosewhocanaffordtheexpenses(foronesconveyance,provisionandresidence)

AllMukallafshavetocarryoutalltheothercommandsofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)suchasbeingdutifulto
parents,maintainingthetiesofkinship,

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beingtruthfulandtrustworthy,andabandoningalltheprohibitedsinssuchasZina(premaritalsexual
intercourseand/oradultery),drinkingKhamr(intoxicant),beingundutifultoparents,severingtiesofkinship,
dealingwithRiba(usury),treachery,falsetestimony,andsoon.

AllMukallafshavetoabidebythepillarsofIslamofwhichthegreatestoneisTawhid,sinceritytoAllah,and www.ircpk.com
abandoningShirk.TheyallhavetocarryoutAllah'scommandsandabandonHisprohibitions.Thus,
believingwomenshouldnotintermixwithmen.Maledoctorsandnurseshavetotreatmenwhilefemale
doctorsandnurseshavetotreatwomen.Thesameappliestoclerks.Menshouldnotintermixwithwomen
andviceversaasfreeintermixing(ofmenandwomen)entailsFitnah(temptation)andgreatdanger.Our
nobleProphet(peacebeuponhim)saysinaSahihHadith: AftermeIhavenotleftanyFitnahmoreharmfultomen
thanwomen. i.e.attimesoffreeintermixingbetweenthetwosexeswhilepeoplearenotcautious.He(peace
beuponhim)alsosays: Thelifeoftheworldissweetandgreen(alluring).Allahmakesyougenerationssucceedingone
anothersothatHemaytryyouinrespectofyouractions.Sobewareofthebeguilementsoftheworldandthoseofwomen.Thefirst
FitnahofBanuIsraelwasthroughwomen.

Whenawomanappearsinfrontofmenwhilebeingdressedupandadorned,thiscausesgreatdangerto
herselfandthemensheintermixeswith.Therefore,onlyfemaledoctorsshouldtreatfemalepatientsand
viceversa.Authoritiesissuedinstructionsinthisregardandtheyhavetobefollowed.Onlyincasesof
extremenecessitywhenonlyaqualifieddoctoroftheoppositesexisavailablemaytherebeanexceptionto
therulementionedabove.However,femaledoctorshavetoabidebytheIslamiccodeofdressandKhulwah
(beingalonewithamemberoftheoppositesex)mustalwaysbeavoided.Thestaffatallhospitalshasto
abidebythat.

Myadvicetothisparticularhospital,itsofficialsdoctorsorotherlaborersmenandwomenalike,andto
thedirectorgeneralinthefirstplaceistoabidebythecommandsofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHis
Messenger(peacebeuponhim),tocooperatetoachieveactsofrighteousnessandpiety,andthatmale
doctorsandnursestreatandlookaftermalepatientsandviceversa.

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Thesamehastoapplytoclerksaswell,sothateverybodyisfarremovedfromthemeansofFitnahand
prohibitedKhulwah.Conformingwiththeforegoingwillhelpyoutoaccomplishthepurposeforwhich
humanbeingswerecreatedwhichisnotjusttoeat,drink,fulfillsexualdesires,andenjoythepleasuresof
thisworldbuttoworshipAllahAloneandfearHimbysincerelyanddevoutlyobeyingHiscommandsand
avoidingHisprohibitions.

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)grantedusdifferentpleasuresinthisworldsuchasclothing,houses,meansof
transportation,andvariouskindsoffoodanddrinksnottomakeusbusyandtakeusawayfromobeying
HimbuttohelpustoobeyHimandachieverighteousness.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Heitis
Whocreatedforyouallthatisonearth. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)createdallthatisonearthi.e.differentkindsoffood,
drinks,thingsthatweuseasmeansoftransportation,andsoon,forus.He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
alsosays: Andhassubjectedtoyouallthatisintheheavensandallthatisintheearth Allah(ExaltedbeHe)subjectedto
usallthatisintheheavensandallthatisonearthincludingrain,stars,thesun,themoon,allothergraces
onearth,andtheRizq(sustenance)thatAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)providesforus.Alltheseare
examplesofAllah'sfavors,whichareamanifestationofHismercythatHebestowsuponus.

Thus,wehavetothankAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)notonlybywordsbutbycarryingoutHiscommandsand
abandoningHisprohibitionsforthankingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)istobeexpressedbywords,actions,and
hearts.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Workyou,OfamilyofDwd(David),withthanks! Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)alsosays: ThereforerememberMe(bypraying,glorifying),Iwillrememberyou,andbegratefultoMe(forMycountless
Favoursonyou)andneverbeungratefultoMe. He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: And(remember)whenyourLordproclaimed:
"Ifyougivethanks(byacceptingFaithandworshippingnonebutAllh),Iwillgiveyoumore(ofMyBlessings)butifyouarethankless
(i.e.disbelievers),verilyMypunishmentisindeedsevere." Givingthanksshouldbethroughheart,tongue,anddeeds,
asthepoetsays:

IthankYourfavorsbythree Myhands,tongue,andhidden
things: conscience

WethankAllah(ExaltedbeHe)forHisBountiesbyouractions,tongues,andhearts.Thus,apersonhasto
thankAllah(ExaltedbeHe)bylovingandexaltingHimandbybeingsinceretoHimwithregardtoallkinds
of`Ibadah(worship)andallgooddeedswhichareofferedtoHim(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).Wemust
notassociatein`Ibadah

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anyoneorthingwithAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).WehavealsotothankAllah(ExaltedbeHe)by
wordsi.e.bypraisingHim,callingpeopletoHisway,enjoiningMa`ruf(thatwhichisjudgedasgood,
beneficial,orfittingbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)andforbiddingMunkar(thatwhichis
unacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)andsoon.Likewise,wehave
tothankAllah(ExaltedbeHe)byactionsi.e.bycarryingoutalltheobligationsofDinsuchasSalah,Zakah,
Sawm,Hajjetc.andabandoningallprohibitions.TheforegoingistheproperwayofthankingAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).

Myadvicethentomyselfandtoyoualli.e.maleandfemaledoctorsandnurses,patients,andallthosein
chargeofthishospital,istofearAllah(ExaltedbeHe)insecretandinpublicforHe(GlorifiedbeHe)says:
Andtakeaprovision(withyou)forthejourney,butthebestprovisionisAtTaqwa(piety,righteousness).SofearMe,Omenof
understanding! Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!FearAllhandkeepyourdutytoHim.
Andleteverypersonlooktowhathehassentforthforthemorrow,andfearAllh.Verily,AllhisAllAwareofwhatyoudo. Allah www.ircpk.com
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!FearAllh(bydoingallthatHehasorderedandbyabstaining
fromallthatHehasforbidden)asHeshouldbefeared.[ObeyHim,bethankfultoHim,andrememberHimalways],anddienotexcept
inastateofIslm[asMuslims(withcompletesubmissiontoAllh)]. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!
KeepyourdutytoAllhandfearHim,andspeak(always)thetruth. Hewilldirectyoutodorighteousgooddeedsandwillforgive
youyoursins.

WehavetofearAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)byworshippingHimandcarryingoutHiscommandsandabandoning
HisprohibitionswhilefearingHispunishment,longingforHisreward,extollingthesanctityofHis
instructions,andhavingtrueloveforHim(GlorifiedbeHe),forHisMessengerMuhammad(peacebeupon
him)andforallothermessengersandbelievers.Verily,wehavetoloveAllah(ExaltedbeHe)withallour
heartsmorethanweloveanyoneelse.WealsohavetotrulylovetheMessengerofAllah(peacebeupon
him)morethanweloveourownselves,ourfathers,ourmothers,ourchildren,andanybodyelse.Wealso
havetoloveallthemessengers(peacebeuponthem)andalltheMuslimsforlovingAllah(ExaltedbeHe),
ProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim),otherprophets,andallthebelieversandthisisoneofthemost
importantobligations.ThechiefimportanceistoloveAllah(ExaltedbeHe).However,loveforAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)impliescarryingoutreligiouscommandsand
abandoningprohibitions,forAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Say(OMuhammadtomankind):"Ifyou
(really)loveAllhthenfollowme(i.e.acceptIslmicMonotheism,followtheQurnandtheSunnah),Allhwillloveyouandforgive
youyoursins. SoitisclearthattrueloveforAllah(ExaltedbeHe),HisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),and
thebelieversinvolvesobeyingAllah(ExaltedbeHe),notassociatinganythingoranyonewithHimin
`Ibadah,andabandoningdisobeyingHim.ItalsoinvolvesobeyingtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeupon
him),

(PartNo:6,PageNo:14)

followinghisexample,avoidingwhatheprohibited,abidingbythelimitswhicharesetbyhim,andgiving
preferencetohisSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet)andtheShari`ahthatheconveyedover
ourowndesires.Similarly,lovingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)involveslovingthebelievers,helpingthemto
achieveallthatisgood,enjoiningthemtodoMa`rufandforbiddingthemtoindulgeinMunkar,wishing
themallthebest,renderingbacktheirtruststothem,andthelike.

Hospitalofficialsandofficialsinotherplacesmustbetrustworthy.Allstaffmembersofthishospitalhaveto
fulfilltherightsoftheresponsibilitywithwhichtheyhavebeenentrusted.Thisappliestotreatment,
medication,beingkindtothepatient,andsoon.Everybodyhastofulfilltherightsoftheresponsibilitythat
theyhavebeenentrustedtodowithallsincerityandcare.Doctorshavetousebeneficialmedicinesatthe
appropriatetimes.Theyhavetomakesurethattheygivethecorrectprescriptionandtheyhavenottobe
carelessinthisregard.Theyhavetobegentlewiththepatientandspeaknicelytothemforthishelpstoget
ridofthediseaseandtorecoverbythepermissionofAllah(ExaltedbeHe).

Thepointmentionedabovealsoappliestofemaledoctors.Alldoctorshavetobekindandgentlewith
patients.Doctorsshouldmakepatientsfeelthisandthattheyarereallyeagerfortheirrecovery.Doctors
havealsotogivetheappropriatequantityofmedicine,nomoreorlessthannecessaryandthusnot
beneficial.

Allofficialsinthehospitalhavetodoaspossibleastheycan.Theymustallfulfilltheresponsibilitythatthey
havebeenentrustedwith.ThisisallapartofbeingsinceretoAllah(ExaltedbeHe),exaltingHim,and
fearingHisWrath(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).Doctorshavetoexertalltheireffortstocareforpatients.
Theyhavetobehonestwiththem,andnicetothemsothatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)maymakeyou,maleand
femaledoctors,areasonfortheirrecovery.AllhospitalofficialshavetofearAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andexert
alltheireffortsforthewellbeingofthepatientandforallthatlightensthepatient'spains.Undoubtedly,
goodwordsandapositiveattitudealongwithperfectcaresoftensthepatient'sagony,enableshimtofeel
ease,andhelpshimgetridofhisdiseasesbyAllah'ssupport,help,mercy,andkindness(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe).

(PartNo:6,PageNo:15)

IaskAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)byHisMostBeautifulNamesandSupremeAttributestoguideusall
todoallthatpleasesHim,tobestowuponusthesoundunderstandingofHisDin,tosetrightourheartsand
deeds,andtograntsuccesstoallthosewhoareinchargeofthishospitalchieflythehonorablebrotherDr.
TahaAlKhatib.IalsoaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)toguidehospitalofficialsoftheKingdomofSaudiArabiatodo
everythingthatpleasesHim.MayAllahhelpthemtocarryouttheirduties,fulfillthetrust,blesstheirefforts
andavailallMuslimsofthem.IaskAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)tobenefitallphysicians,andtosetrightpeople's
heartsandactions.IaskHim(ExaltedbeHe)tosetrighttheconditionsofMuslimseverywhere,tosetright
theirrulers,andtogranteveryonethesoundunderstandingofDin,thecontinuousadherencetoShari`ah,
andtheavoidanceofallthatopposesit.Verily,AllahistheSupremeMasterandtheAllAble.

Itisalsounforgottenthatwhenapersonhearsaspeechthatpleaseshim,hemaysayAllahuAkbar(Allahis
theGreatest)orSubhanallah(GlorifiedbeAllah).Thepointhereisthattheclappingthatsomepeopledois
impermissible.ItisasortofMunkarandoneoftheactsofJahiliyyah(preIslamictimeofignorance).What
isordainedisthatwheneverapersonhearssomethingthatpleaseshimwhetherinalectureorsomething
saidbytheirdirectororanybodyelse,theymaysayAllahuAkbarorSubhanallah.Likewise,whenevera
personhearssomethingthattheydisapprove,theyaretosaySubhanallahorAllahuAkbar.Thisistheway
thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)usedtoglorifyAllahandExaltHim.He(peacebeuponhim)usedto
saySubhanallahtoforbidMunkarandalsotoexpresshisjoywhenheheardaboutgoodthings.Thus,we
havetothankAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andmakeTakbir(saying:"AllahuAkbar")andTasbih(saying:"Subhan
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Allah")whenwehearsomethingthatdelightsus.WehavetoforbidMunkarwheneverwehearitbysaying
Subhanallah,AllahuAkbar,oranyothergoodwordthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)usedtosay,forit
isnarratedthatwhensomeSahabahsawsomeMushriks(peoplewhoassociateotherswithAllahinHis
Divinityorworship)extollingtreesandhangingtheirweaponsonthoseSahabahsaidtotheProphet(peace
beuponhim): Makeforusaplaceofhanging(DhatAnwat)liketheyhaveaplaceofhanging. SotheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)replied: AllahuAkbar(AllahistheGreatest)!BytheOneinWhoseHandismysoul,yousaidjustasthepeopleof
Musa(Moses)hadsaid:Makeforusagodastheyhavegods.

Inanotheroccasion,whenamansaidtotheProphet(peacebeuponhim):"WeintercedewithAllahto
You"He(peacebeuponhim)said: Subhanallah(GlorifiedbeAllah)!Subhanallah!ItisimpropertomakeAllahintercede
withanyofHiscreatedbeings. Thus,itisaSunnah(acommendableact)oftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)that
hewouldmakeTakbir,Tasbih,andmentionAllah(ExaltedbeHe)wheneverheheardorsawsomethingthat
pleasedhimorthathedisapprovedof.Wehavethentofollowhisexample

(PartNo:6,PageNo:16)

(peacebeuponhim)regardingthisissue.ItisworthymentioningthatthepatientshouldofferSalahwhile
standingup.Iftheycannotdoso,theyhavetoofferitwhilesitting.Iftheycannotdoso,theyhavetooffer
itwhilelyingontheirside.Otherwise,theyaretoofferitwhilelyingontheirback.DelayingSalahuntilthe
expiryofitstimeassomepatientsdothinkingthattheymayofferitperfectlyaftertheyrecoveris
impermissible.Rather,apatienthastoofferSalahontimeinthemannerthattheirconditionallowsthemto
doso.ItisnarratedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidtooneofhisSahabahwhilethelatterwas
sick: Praywhilestandingandifyoucannot,praywhilesitting,andifyoucannotdoeventhat,thenpraylyingonyourside.
(RelatedbyAlBukhariinhisSahihBookofHadith).AlNasa'yadded Ifyoucannotdoeventhat,youcanpraylyingon
yourback. TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)explainedinthisHadiththatpatients
havetoperformSalahaccordingtotheirability.TheyhavetoperformSalahwhilestandingupbutifthey
areunabletodosowhethertheyaremalesorfemales,theyaretoperformSalahwhilesittingeithercross
leggedornot,eventhoughbeingcrosslegedisbetteraslongasthisispossible.Theforegoingissupported
bytheHadithof`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)onthismatter.IfapatientisunabletoofferSalah
whilesitting,theyaretoofferitwhilelyingontheirsidepreferablytherightsideifpossible,orotherwisethe
leftone.Iftheyareunabletodoso,thepatienthastoperformSalahwhilelyingonhisbackwhilehislegs
aredirectedtotheQiblah(directionfacedforPrayertowardstheKa`bah).Moreover,apersonmustperform
Wudu'(ablution)solongasheisabletodoso.IfthepersonisunabletomakeWudu',hemaymake
Tayammum(dryablution)usingdust.Thus,hospitalofficialsmustmakesurethatabagoravesselofdust
isavailablebyorunderthebedsofthepatientsothattheycanusethisforTayammumincasesthatthey
arenotabletousewater.TheforegoingissupportedbyaHadithinwhichtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
said: Ihavebeengrantedfivethingsthatwerenotgrantedtoanyonebeforeme:Allahmademevictoriousbyawe(byHis
frighteningmyenemies)foradistanceofonemonthsjourney,andtheearthhasbeenmadeforme(andformyfollowers)aplace
forprayingandathingtoperformTayammum,thereforeanyoneofmyfollowerscanpraywhereverthetimeofaprayerisdue...
Accordingtoanothernarration: Itsdusthasbeenmadeapurifierforusincasewaterisnotavailable.

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)saysintheGloriousQur'an: andyoufindnowater,thenperformTayammumwithcleanearthand
rubtherewithyourfacesandhands. Alltheofficialsofdifferenthospitalsandofthishospitalincludingmaleand
femaledoctorshavetotakecareofthismattersothatthepatientdoesnotstopperformingSalah.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:17)

Rather,patientshavetobetoldanddirectedtoperformSalahaccordingtotheirdifferentconditionsi.e.
eithersitting,standing,orlyingontheirsides.PatientsalsohavetobedirectedtomakeTayammumifthey
areunabletousewater.TheyhavetobedirectedtoperformSalahontime.However,patientsmaycombine
Zhuhr(Noon)and`Asr(Afternoon)Prayersatthetimeoftheearlierorlateroneandtheymaydothesame
withregardtoMaghrib(Sunset)and`Isha'(Night)Prayers.

MayAllahguidealltowhatpleasesHim!MayHesetrighttheconditionsofusall!Maypeaceandblessings
beuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,Companions,andallthosewhofollowedhimrightlyuntilthe
DayofJudgment!

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:18)

QuestionsandAnswersaftertheLecture

Q1:Inhospitals,wehavesomemedicinesthatareusedtorelievepainaftersurgical
operations.Thesemedicinescontaindifferentamountsofnarcoticandalcoholicsubstances.Is
thereanyharminusingthem?Ifso,arethereanypositivestepstoinformtheofficialstostop
thesemedicines?

A : Thereisnoharminusingpainkillersforpatientswhetherbeforeoraftersurgical
operations.However,iftheyareknowntobeintoxicatinginlargequantities,theyshouldnot
beusedaccordingtothestatementoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim), Ifalargeamountofanything
causesintoxication,asmallamountofitisprohibited. However,iftheyarenotintoxicating,butonlyusedas
painkillers,thereisnoharminusingthem.

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Q2:Please,explainhowtoperformTayammum(dryablution)properly.

A : ProperTayammumisasAllahsays, Butifyouareilloronajourney,oranyofyoucomesafteransweringthecall
ofnature,oryouhavebeenincontactwithwomen(i.e.sexualintercourse),andyoufindnowater,thenperformTayammumwith
cleanearthandrubtherewithyourfacesandhands. Theprescribedwayistostrikethegroundoncewith
one'shandsonthegroundthenrubthemagainstthefaceandhandsduetowhatis
authenticallynarratedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariand
Muslim)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)told`AmaribnYasir(mayAllahbepleasedwith
him) Itwouldhavebeenenoughforyoutodothus.Then,hestruckthegroundwithhishandsonceandwipedhispalmsandhis
face. PurityofthedustisrequiredtodoTayammum.BecauseoftheHadithmentionedabove,
itisimpermissibletorubthetwoarms,butrubbingthefaceandhandsisenough.

Tayammumisasubstituteforwaterandhasthesamerulingasitssubstituteconcerningthe
removaloftheritualimpurity.WhendoingTayammum,thepersonmayofferSalah,beit
obligatoryorNafilah(supererogatory),andbeitcurrentorupcoming,aslongastheystayina
stateofritualpurity.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:19)

Theykeepthisstateuntiltheybecomeimpureorfindwaterorbecomeabletouseitifthey
wereunabletouseit.Tayammumisawayofpurificationthatreplaceswater,ascalledbythe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim).

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Q3:Manyyearsago,IhadmymenstruationinRamadanandIdidnotmakeupforthedaysI
missedofSawm(fast)untilnow.IwouldliketomakeupforthemisseddaysofSawm,butI
donotremembertheexactnumberofdaysmissed.WhatshouldIdo?

A:Youshoulddothreethings:

First:PerformTawbah(repentancetoAllah)forthatdelay,regretyourpastnegligence,and
firmlyresolvenottodoitagain,accordingtoAllah'ssaying, AndallofyoubegAllhtoforgiveyouall,O
believers,thatyoumaybesuccessful ThisdelayisasinandyoushouldperformTawbahforit.

Second:ObserveSawmassoonaspossiblebyestimation,asAllahsays, Allhburdensnotaperson
beyondhisscope. Youshouldestimatethenumberofdaysforwhichyoushouldmakeup.Ifyou
thinktheyareten,youshouldobserveSawmfortendays.Ifyouthinktheyaremoreorless,
youshouldobserveSawmaccordingly,accordingtoAllah'ssaying, Allhburdensnotapersonbeyondhis
scope. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays, SokeepyourdutytoAllhandfearHimasmuchasyoucan

Third:Feedaneedypersonforeachdayifyoucanaffordit,evenifitisonlyonepersonforall
thedays.However,ifyouarepoorandcannotaffordit,youhavetoobserveSawmand
performTawbahonly.

TheamountoffoodthatshouldbegiventotheneedypersonishalfaSa`(1Sa`=2.172kg)
ofthefoodstuffcommoninthecountry,whichisequaltooneandahalfkilograms.

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Q4:TherearemanyquestionsontheHijab(veil).Therearepeoplewhodescribewhatsome
womenwearinhospitalsasHijab.Please,describetheproperIslamicHijab.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:20)

A : TheIslamicHijabentailsthatawomanmustcoverallherbodybeforeanonMahram(not
aspouseoranunmarriageablerelative).Sheshouldcoverherhead,face,bosom,feet,and
hands,asallherbodyis`Awrah(thepartsofthebodythatmustbecoveredinpublic).Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Andwhenyouask(hiswives)foranythingyouwant,askthemfrombehinda
screen:thatispurerforyourheartsandfortheirhearts. InthisAyah(Qur'anicverse), Andwhenyouask(hiswives)for
anythingyouwant Allah(ExaltedbeHe)addressesthewivesoftheProphet(mayAllah'sPeace
andBlessingsbeuponhim).Thesameruleisappliedtothebelievingwomen.Allah(Glorified
beHe)clarifiesthatwearingHijabpurifiestheheartsofbothmenandwomenandkeeps
themawayfromFitnah(temptation).Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says, andnottorevealtheiradornment
excepttotheirhusbands,ortheirfathers

Theface,thehair,andthehandsareveryattractivepartsofherbeauty.Awomanshould
coverherfacewithNiqab(faceveil)leavinganopeningforoneortwoeyestoseetheroad.A
womanshouldalsowearaKhimar(veilcoveringtothewaist),whichdoesnotpreventher
fromseeingtheroadbutitshouldcoverallheradornments,herface,andallherbody.A
womanmustavoidwearingperfumeswhengoingtothemarket,Masjid(mosque),and
workplace,ifsheworks,asthiscausesFitnah.

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Q:WhatistheopinionofYourEminenceconcerningtheworkofthephysician,which
necessitatesseeingortouchingthe`Awrah(privatepartsofthebodythatmustbecoveredin
public)ofapatientforexamination?Duringoperations,thesurgeonmaymakeanincisionand
getalotofbloodandurineonhishands.Isitobligatoryorjustpreferableforhimtorepeat
Wudu'(ablution)insuchcases?

A : Thereisnothingwrongifthephysiciantouchesthe`Awrahofamanwhennecessaryor
looksatitforthepurposeofmedicaltreatment,whethertheanteriorortheposterior.The
physicianhereispermittedtoseeandtouchitincasesofnecessity.Thereisnothingwrong
withtouchingblood,ifthereisaneedtoexamineaninjuryandthenheshouldwashhishands
afterthattoremoveanybloodthatmayhavegotontothem.Wudu'isnotinvalidatedby
touchingbloodorurine,butitisinvalidatedbytouchingthe`Awrah,whether,theinterioror
theposterior.However,touchingblood,urine,orotherimpuresubstancesdoesnotinvalidate
theWudu'.Rather,heshouldwashoffwhatevergetsontohishands.However,whoever
touchestheprivatepartswithoutanybarrierinbetweeni.e.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:21)

skintoskin,invalidateshisWudu'.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Whoevertoucheshis
privatepartswithhishand,withnobarrierinbetween,shouldperformWudu'." Similarly,ifthefemalephysician
touchestheprivatepartofawomanforanessentialreason,thisinvalidatesherWudu'ifshe
wasinastateofpurity,justasinthecaseofmen.

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Q:Whatistherulingonadvancetreatmentbeforetheoccurrenceofsickness,suchas
vaccinations?

A : Thereisnothingwrongwithadvancetreatmentifthereisafearthatadiseasemayoccur,
becauseofthepresenceofanepidemicorotherfactorswhichmaycausedisease.Thereis
nothingwrongwithgettingmedicinetowardoffexpecteddiseases.TheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)saidintheSahih(authentic)Hadith: "HewhoeatssevendatesofMadinahinthemorningwillnotbe
harmedbySihr(sorcery)orpoison. Thisisawayofwardingoffdiversitybeforeitoccurs.So,ifthereis
afearofsicknessandapersonisvaccinatedagainstaninfectionthatispresentinthecountry
orelsewhere,thereisnothingwrongwiththat,becauseitisakindofprotection.Asthe
currentdiseaseistobetreatedbymedicine,sothefeareddiseaseistobetreatedaswell.
However,itisnotpermissibletowearorhangupamuletsagainstsickness,thejinn,orthe
evileye,becausetheProphet(peacebeuponhim)forbadethatandexplainedthatthisisa
kindofminorShirk(associatingothersinworshipwithAllah),soitmustbeavoided.

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Q7:HowcanwereconcilethesetwoHadith: Thereisno'Adwa(nocontagiousdiseaseisconveyedwithout
Allah'spermission),noristhereanybadomen(frombirds) and Oneshouldrunawayfromtheleperasonerunsawayfroma
lion. ?

A : Accordingtothepeopleofknowledge,theseareauthenticHadithsoftheProphet(peace
beuponhim)andtheydonotcontradicteachother.Hesaid, Thereisno'Adwa(nocontagiousdiseaseis
conveyedwithoutAllah'spermission),noristhereanybadomen(frombirds),noristhereanyHamahi.e.akindofbirdsthatthe
Arabsusedtoseeasabadomen,noristhereanybadomeninthemonthofSafar,noristhereastarpromisingrain,oranogre.
ThisrejectsthepreIslamicbeliefsthatcontagiousdiseasessuchasscabiesarecontagiousby
themselvesandthatanyonewhomixeswiththesickwillbeafflictedwiththesamesickness.
Thisisfalse,asitoccursbecauseAllahwillsandordainsso.Asitisknown,thepersonmay
mixwiththesickandtheywillnotbeafflicted.Thus,whentheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
wasaskedaboutmixingthehealthycamelsandthecamelsafflictedwithscabies,hereplied
that, Whoinfectedthefirstone? Withregardtohissaying, Oneshouldrunawayfromtheleperasonerunsaway
fromalion andtheotherreportinwhichhenarrated, Thesickshouldnotbebroughttothehealthy(i.e.the
ownerofasickcamelshouldnotmixitwiththehealthycamels) ,theyshowthatitisimpermissibletobelieve
thatcontagiousdiseasetransferswithoutAllah'spermission.However,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:22)

itispermissiblefortheindividualtotakethenecessaryprecautionstoavoidevil.Among
theseprecautionsarekeepingawayfromanyonewhoisafflictedwithacontagiousdisease
suchasscabiesandleprosy,whichmaytransfertothehealthyonewithAllah'spermissionand
preventingthehealthycamelsfromcomingacrossthecamelsafflictedwithscabies.These
precautionsshouldbetakentoavoidtheSatan'swhispers,whichmaymaketheonethink
thattheillnessiscausedbecauseofthecontagiousdisease.

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Q8:Whatistherulingonshakinghandswithwomen?

A : ShakinghandswithwomenneedselaborationforifthewomanisoneoftheMahrams
(spouseorunmarriageablerelative)oftheonewhoshakeshandssuchashismother,
daughter,sister,maternal/paternalauntorwife,inthiscase,thereisnoharm.

Ontheotherhand,itisimpermissibleforapersontoshakehandswithanonMahramwoman,
forawomanonceoutstretchedherhandtoshaketheProphet(peacebeuponhim),andhe
toldher: Idonotshakehandswithwomen. `Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)alsosaid: ByAllah,the
handsoftheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)hadnevertouchedthehandsofanywoman,heonlyusedtotaketheirpledgeof
allegianceverbally (Peacebeupon).Hence,itisimpermissibleforawomantoshakehandswith
nonMahrammen,asitisimpermissibleforamantoshakehandswithnonMahramwomen
basedonthetwomentionedHadiths.ItisalsofearedthatFitnah(temptation)mayoccurasa
resultofthis.

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Q9:Mymotheraskedmenottocookacertainkindofherb.Shetoldmeitmaykillher,asshe
couldnottolerateitssmell,eventhoughtheseherbsarelawfultouse.AftermymotherandI
hadtheseherbsfordinner,shediedafewhourslater.AmIconsideredasinner?HaveI
causedherdeath?Please,advise.MayAllahrewardyou!

A : Ifthesituationisasyoumentioned,youhavecommittedasin,asthisisconsidered
undutifulnesstoher.Sinceyouknewthatyourmotherwillbehurtbytheseherbsandshe
askedyounottocookthem,youareasinneryouhavecommittedacrime,youhavebeen
undutifultoyourmother,andyoumustpayDiyah(bloodmoney).Thisisconsideredquasi
deliberatehomicide.YouhavealsotopayKaffarah(expiation),whichisemancipatinga
believingbondsman.Ifyoucannotdothis,youcanobserveSawm(fast)fortwoconsecutive
monthsandperformTawbah(repentancetoAllah).

(PartNo:6,PageNo:23)

MayAllahacceptyourTawbahandours,andguideustoallthatisgood.

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Q10:AlthoughseveralMasjids(Mosques)arenearby,anumberofcongregationsareformed
forprayingatthehospital.IsitobligatorytoofferSalahattheMasjidorshouldweoffer
Salahincongregationatthehospital?

A : Thisissuerequiresexplanationthosewhocannotleavethehospitalsuchastheguards
andthepatientswhocannotleavethehospitalmayofferSalahincongregationatthe
hospital.

However,itisobligatoryuponwhoevercanreachtheMasjidtogotoofferSalahin
congregation.Thisisaccordingtothelegalevidence.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)says,
WhoeverhearstheAdhan(calltoPrayer)anddoesnotrespondtoit,theirSalahisnotaccepted,unlesshehasanexcuse.Ibn`Abbas
(mayAllahbepleasedwiththemboth)wasasked,"Whatisavalidexcuse?"Hereplied,"Fearorillness." (RelatedbyIbn
Majah,AlDaraqutny,whileIbnHibbanandAlHakimrankedit(theHadith)asSahih
(authentic),withasoundIsnad(chainofnarrators))

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Q11:HowcanaMuslimestimatetheZakah(obligatorycharity)dueonthesumofmoneyhe
savesattheendoftheyear?

A : AMuslimshouldpayZakahonmoneyandcommercialcommoditieswhenafulllunaryear
passes.Forexample,aMuslimshouldpayZakahinRamadanonthemoney,whenitisNisab
(minimumamountofmoneyonwhichZakahisdue),thatheownedfromthelastRamadan
andsoon.ThereisnoharmifhewantstopayZakahbeforealunaryearhaselapsedfor
whichhewillbegreatlyrewarded.However,itisobligatoryuponhimtopayitwhenalunar
yearelapses.

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Q12:Whatisthesupportingevidenceofthosewhomaintainthattobaccoisprohibitedinthe
Shari`ah(Islamiclaw)ofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)?

A : Theyarguethatitisharmful,narcotic,andintoxicantinsomecases.Indeed,itsharmis
overwhelmingandtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Thereshouldbeneitherharmingnorreciprocating
h a r m i.e.itisimpermissibletotakeanyharmfulsubstancethatmayviolatethereligiousrules
orspoilyourlifesuchaspoison,tobacco,etc.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:24)

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: anddonotthrowyourselvesintodestruction(bynotspendingyourwealth
intheCauseofAllh) TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)says: Thereshouldbeneitherharmingnorreciprocating
h a r m Thus,wellgroundedscholarsmaintaintheprohibitionofsmoking,becauseofthegrave
harmsknownforsmokersanddoctors,andwhoeverassociateswithsmokers.

Smokingmaycausesuddendeathandotherdiseasese.g.deepseatedcoughandchronic
illness,asisknowntoallandtoldbycountlesspeoplewhosmokecigarettes,waterpipe,and
othertypesoftobacco.Allthisisharmfulandshouldbeprohibited.Doctorsshouldalsoadvise
thosewhoareaddicted.Doctorsandteachersmustavoidthisharm,fortheyareexemplars
forpeople.

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:25)

TheDutyofMuslimstowardTheirReligionandLife

AllpraisebetoAllahAlone!WepraiseHimandseekHisHelp!WeseekHisForgivenessandinHimweseek
refugefromtheevilswithinourselvesandfromtheevilsofourbaddeeds.WhoeverAllahguideswillnotbe
ledastray,andwhoeverAllahleadsastraywillnotbeguidedbyanyone.Ibearwitnessthatthereisnogod
butAllahandthatMuhammadisHisServantandMessenger. Oyouwhobelieve!FearAllh(bydoingallthatHehas
orderedandbyabstainingfromallthatHehasforbidden)asHeshouldbefeared.[ObeyHim,bethankfultoHim,andrememberHim
always],anddienotexceptinastateofIslm[asMuslims(withcompletesubmissiontoAllh)]. Omankind!BedutifultoyourLord,
Whocreatedyoufromasingleperson(Adam),andfromhim(Adam)Hecreatedhiswife[Haww(Eve)],andfromthembothHe
createdmanymenandwomenandfearAllhthroughWhomyoudemand(yourmutualrights),and(donotcuttherelationsof)the
wombs(kinship).Surely,AllhisEveranAllWatcheroveryou. Oyouwhobelieve!KeepyourdutytoAllhandfearHim,andspeak
(always)thetruth. Hewilldirectyoutodorighteousgooddeedsandwillforgiveyouyoursins.AndwhosoeverobeysAllhandHis
Messenger( ) ,hehasindeedachievedagreatachievement(i.e.hewillbesavedfromtheHellfireandwillbe
admittedtoParadise). Toproceed,

IaskAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)withHisMostBeautifulNamesandLoftyAttributestoguideusall
towhateverpleasesHimandtofixourheartsandacts.IthankHim(GlorifiedbeHe)forguidingusforthis
meetinginHisCauseandHisObedienceandforrecommendingoneanothertoadheretoAlHaqq(the
Truth).IaskAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)toblessthismeeting,tohelpusalldowhatpleasesHim
andtoprotectusallfromtheevilsofourselvesandtheevilsofourdeeds.

Then,IthankmybrothertheownerofthisMasjid(mosque),SulaymanAlRajihy,forinvitingmeforthis
meeting.IaskAllahtoblesshimandhisbrotherSalihandtheiroffspring,tohelpthemdowhatisgoodand
toblesstheirefforts.MayAllahmakeusamongthosewhoareguidedandguideothers.Then,Ioffermy
thankstobrotherShaykh`A'idibn`AbdullahAlQarnyforhisspeechandblessedpoem.MayAllahrewardhimthe
best!

ConcerningderivingtheFatawa(legalopinionsissuedbyaqualifiedMuslimscholar)fromtheBookofAllah
andtheSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet),Iwouldliketosaythatthisisobligatoryonthe
scholars,andthisiswhatwekeenlydoandaimat.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:26)

However,IamnotinfallibleIandotherscholarsmaycommitmistakes.ButIsparenoeffortstoapplymy
FatawatotheBookofAllahandtheSunnahofHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)andtoderiveevidence
fromthemineverymatter.Thisismyeffort.IaskAllahtohelpusreachAlHaqq.

ConcerningquestioningandrequestingFatawafromthescholars,thisisaknownmatterwhichAllah
prescribedforHisServants.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)orderedtoaskthescholars.IaskAllahto
makeusalloftherighteousandusefulscholars.He(GlorifiedbeHe)says: SoaskthepeopleoftheReminder,if
youdonotknow. ItisreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidconcerningpeoplewhogaveFatawa
withoutknowledge: Whydidtheynotaskiftheydidnotknow?Theremedyofignoranceisseekingknowledgebyquestioning
[thepeopleofknowledge].

EveryseekerofknowledgeandeveryMuslimshouldaskthedistinguishedknowledgeablescholarsifheisin
doubtregardinganyofthereligiousaffairsandshouldnotignorantlytakeanyactionthatmayleadhim
astray.

Muslimsshouldaskandscholarsshouldpointout.Scholarsaretheheirsoftheprophetsandarethe
successorsofthemessengersinpointingoutandcallingforAlHaqq.AllMuslimsshouldaskknowledgeable
scholarsaboutwhattheydonotknow.

ThepeopleofknowledgearethescholarsoftheBookandSunnah,whoderivetheirFatawafromtheBook
ofAllahandtheSunnahofHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)thosearethepeopleofknowledgerather
thanthosewhoimitatemenanddonotcareabouttheBookandSunnah.Scholarsarethosewhoglorifythe
BookofAllahandtheSunnahofHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)andalwaysrefertothem.

Everyseekerofknowledgeshouldtakethemasmodelsandstrivehardtofollowtheirpath.Muslimsshould
asktheirscholarsaboutproblematicreligiousandworldlyaffairs.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)sent

(PartNo:6,PageNo:27)

messengers,particularlytheirsealandImamourProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)toreformthe
religionandworldlylifetogether.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)senthimforalltheJinn(creaturescreatedfromfire)
andmankind.HismessagewasgeneralandbeneficialtothisworldandtheHereafter,topeopleand
countrieswheresalvationfromallevilisguaranteed.Itisthemessagethatreformstheirworldlyaffairsand
helptheirobedienceandworshippingoftheirLordasdue,givingupwhatHeforbade,drawingthemcloser
toAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),andtakingthemfartherfromHisDissatisfaction.Itguidespeopleto www.ircpk.com
theirbenefitsandthestraightpathandkeepsthemawayfromthewayofHellfireanddestruction.

Theaddressofthespeechis:TheDutyofMuslimstowardTheirReligionandLife.Muslimshaveobligations
relatedtotheirholdingfasttotheirreligionasAllahordained.AllahhascreatedpeopletoworshipHimand
sentmessengerstoinformthemofthis.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: AndI(Allh)creatednotthejinnandmankind
exceptthattheyshouldworshipMe(Alone). Thisisthe`Ibadah(worship),whichAllahorderedpeopletodoinHis
Saying(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe):

Omankind!WorshipyourLord(Allh),WhocreatedyouandthosewhowerebeforeyousothatyoumaybecomeAlMuttaqn(the
He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: WorshipAllhandjoinnonewithHim(inworship) Allah(Glorified
piousSeeV.2:2).
andExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andtheywerecommandednot,butthattheyshouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHim
Alone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim),andperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt)andgiveZakt,andthatistheright
religion. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andverily,WehavesentamongeveryUmmah(community,
nation)aMessenger(proclaiming):WorshipAllh(Alone),andavoid(orkeepawayfrom)Tght(allfalsedeitiesi.e.donotworship
TghtbesidesAllh). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndWedidnotsendanyMessengerbeforeyou(O
Muhammad ) butWerevealedtohim(saying):LilhaillaAna[nonehastherighttobeworshippedbutI
(Allh)],soworshipMe(Aloneandnoneelse)."

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)sentHisMessengerMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)likeallthemessengersbefore
himtocallpeopletothis`IbadahandtothisDin(religion)ofIslam.AllahsentMuhammadtobothmankind
andjinnasamercy,asAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: AndWehavesentyou(OMuhammad):notbut
asamercyfortheAlamn(mankind,jinnandallthatexists). Muhammad(peacebeuponhim)wassentasateacher,
instructor

(PartNo:6,PageNo:28)

andguidetosalvation,teachingallthatbenefitspeopleandsecurestheirsalvationandhappinessinthislife
andtheHereafter.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)madehimthesealoftheprophets,nootherprophetormessenger
shallevercomeafterhim.WhoeverclaimstobeaprophetafterhimisaliarandKafir(disbeliever)according
totheIjma`(consensusofscholars).

Whoeverclaimsprophethoodorinspiration,suchasAlQadayaniyyah,isKafirwhohasgoneastrayandleads
peopleastrayandisaMurtad(apostate)whocomesoutofthefoldofIslam,ifheclaimsIslam,Muhammad
(peacebeuponhim)isthesealofallprophetsandmessengers.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says:
Muhammad( ) isnotthefatherofanyofyourmen,butheistheMessengerofAllhandthelast(end)ofthe
Prophets.

TherearemanySahih(authentic)HadithreportedbytheProphet(peacebeuponhim)thatprovethatheis
theLastProphet.ItisobligatoryuponbothmankindandJinntofollowhimandholdfasttohisDinandtry
tocomprehendittilldeath.Theymustseekunderstandingthis`Ibadahforwhichtheywerecreatedand
shouldrealizeitbyevidencesfromtheBookandSunnah.TheyarecreatedtoworshipAllahandthis
`IbadahistobeinterpretedbywhatrevealedbyAllahandHisMessenger.

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)interpreteditintheEverGloriousQur'anasdidHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).
Theessenceof`IbadahisTawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah/monotheism)anddevotion.Allah(Exalted
beHe)says: Andtheywerecommandednot,butthattheyshouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfrom
ascribingpartnerstoHim)

Thisisthebasisof`IbadahtobelieveinAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andworshiphimAlone.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)
says: AndWedidnotsendanyMessengerbeforeyou(OMuhammad)butWerevealedtohim(saying):Lilha
illaAna[nonehastherighttobeworshippedbutI(Allh)],soworshipMe(Aloneandnoneelse)." Alldivinebookswere
revealedbyAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)toclarifythe`Ibadah.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: (Thisis)a
Book,theVerseswhereofareperfected(ineverysphereofknowledge),andthenexplainedindetailfromOne(Allh),WhoisAll
Wise,WellAcquainted(withallthings). WorshipnonebutAllh

AlldivinebooksincludingtheEverGloriousQur'ani.e.theLastDivineMessage,callforTawhidand
devoting`IbadahtoAllahAlone,obeyingHisCommandsandavoidingHisProhibitions.

Similarly,allmessengerscallforTawhid,obeyingtheCommandsofAllah,givingupwhatHeProhibited,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:29)

followingHisShari`ah(Law)andkeepingawayfromwhateverHeprohibited.

AllMukallafs(personsmeetingtheconditionstobeheldlegallyaccountablefortheiractions)ofmankind,
Jinn,Arabs,nonArabs,menandwomenshouldworshipAllahAloneandfollowwhatProphetMuhammad
(peacebeuponhim),didorsaidbyobservingwhathedidandabandoningwhathequit.TheessenceofDin
istotestifythatthereisnogodbutAllahandthatMuhammadistheMessengerofAllah.

Thisistheessenceof`Ibadah,toworshipAllahAlone,bymeansofDu`a'(supplication),hope,fear,vow,
sacrificeandotheractsofworship.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndyourLordhasdecreedthatyou
worshipnonebutHim.Andthatyoubedutifultoyourparents. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: You(Alone)
weworship,andYou(Alone)weaskforhelp(foreachandeverything). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays:
Andtheywerecommandednot,butthattheyshouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfromascribing
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partnerstoHim) Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Say(OMuhammad):"Verily,mySalt
(prayer),mysacrifice,myliving,andmydyingareforAllh,theLordoftheAlamn(mankind,jinnandallthatexists). "Hehasno
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)also
partner.AndofthisIhavebeencommanded,andIamthefirstoftheMuslims."
says: Verily,Wehavegrantedyou(OMuhammad)AlKauthar(ariverinParadise). Thereforeturninprayer
toyourLordandsacrifice(toHimonly).

`IbadahistherightofAllahAloneitdoesnotfitforacloseangel,sentprophet,idol,Jinnoranythingelse.
ItisAllah'sRightAlone,whomAloneoneshouldworship,invoke,hope,fear,offersacrifices,vows,Salah
(prayer),Sawm(fast),HajjandSadaqah(voluntarycharity),andsoon.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)istruly
worthyofbeingworshippedandothersarefalselyworshipped.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Thatisbecause
AllhHeistheTruth(theonlyTrueGodofallthatexists,WhohasnopartnersorrivalswithHim),andwhatthey(thepolytheists)
invokebesidesHim,itisBtil(falsehood).

WhenProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)wassent,alltheArabsandothernationssaveafew
wereobservingShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship),somewouldworshipangels,
prophets,idols,statutes,trees,stones,gravesandstarsandseektheirhelpandmakevowstothem.Allah
sentthegreatProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)tocallthemtoTawhidandwarnthemagainstthe
graveconsequencesofShirk.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:30)

He(peacebeuponhim)didthatasduehecalledforAllahandguidedtoHisDin,whichHehaschosenfor
people.HetaughtpeopleTawhid.

He(peacebeuponhim)stayedinMakkahforthirteenyears,callingforTawhid,devoting`IbadahtoAllah,
andabandoningworshippinganythingelse.Aftertenyears,Allahmadeobligatoryonhimthefivedaily
prayersbeforehewouldimmigrate,whenhewastakenduringtheIsra'(NightJourney)toBaytAlMaqdis
(Jerusalem)andthenascendedtotheheaven,wentbeyondtheSevenHeavens,wasraisedabovethatand
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)spoketohimandrevealedtohimthefivedailyprayerswhichhe(peace
beuponhim)taughtpeopleandwhichMuslimsperformedinMakkah.TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceand
Blessingsbeuponhim)thenimmigratedtoMadinahwhereAllahobligatedotherreligiousmatterssuchas
Zakah(obligatorycharity),Sawm,andHajj.

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ItisobligatoryuponallMukallafs(personsmeetingtheconditionstobeheldlegallyaccountablefortheiractions),bejinnormanthe
ArabsandnonArabs,menandwomen,poorandrich,rulersandsubjects,duringandafterthelifetimeoftheProphet(peacebeupon
him)untiltheDayofResurrectiontoworshipAllahalone,applyingHisLawsandfollowingtheguidanceofProphetMuhammadin
words,deeds,andcreed.

ThisisthedutyofallMuslimstowardsIslam.TheymustworshipAllah(ExaltedbeHe),obeyHim,follow
HisLaws,revereHisorders,andabandonwhatHehasprohibited.`Ibadah(Worship)meansobeyingAllah
inlove,sincerity,anddesire.AmongHisordersaretheperformanceofSalahandHajj,payingZakah,being
dutifultotheparents,maintaininggoodtieswithkinships,strivingintheCauseofAllahwithmoneyand
self,andtellingthetruth.Meanwhile,weshouldabandonwhatHehasprohibitedincludingShirk
(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship).Shirkinvolvesthedevotionofallorsomeactsof
`IbadahtoanythingelseotherthanAllah(ExaltedbeHe)suchastheJinn,prophets,angels,orthe
occupantsofthegraves.Whoeverbeseeches,offersvowsorsacrificesto,seeksthehelpofthemcommits
majorshirkwhichisamajorsin.Therefore,hisShahadah(TestimonyofFaith)becomesBatil(nulland
void),because"LailahaillaAllah(thereisnodeitybutAllah)isthewordofTawhid(monotheism),whichis
thecornerstoneofDin(religion)ofIslam.Whoeversupplicatesto,seeksthehelpof,andofferssacrificesto
idolsandthedeadhasnegatedthiswordandcommittedmajorShirk.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:31)

Whoeverworships,supplicatesto,seeksthehelpof,andofferssacrificestothedead,idols,Jinn,prophets,
messengers,angels,orbelievesthattheycanhealthesick,grantthemprovisionorvictoryovertheir
enemieshasnegatedthesayingthatthereisnodeitybutAllahandHissaying, You(Alone)weworship,andYou
(Alone)weaskforhelp(foreachandeverything). andcontradictedHissaying, Andtheywerecommandednot,butthatthey
shouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim) EveryMuslimshouldknow
thatwhatsomeignorantpeopledoatgravessuchasaskingtheinhabitantsofthegravestohealthesickor
grantthemvictoryovertheenemiesorbelievingthattheyknowtheUnseenisaformofthemajorShirkand
thereligionofJahiliyyah(preIslamictimeofignorance).WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)forsafetyfromthis.

Itisalsonecessary,afterbelievingintheTawhid,beingsinceretoHim,andbewareofdisbelief,tomust
testifythatMuhammadistheMessengerofAllah.ThetwoShahadah(TestimonyofFaith)formthe
cornerstoneofIslam.EveryMukalafhastobelievethatMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)istheslaveand
MessengerofAllahwhowassenttomankindandJinn.HeisMuhammadibn`Abdullahibn`AbdulMuttalib
A lHashemy,theArabprophetwhowasborninMakkahandmigratedtoMadinah.Heisthesealofthe
prophets.ItisobligatoryuponmanandJinntosincerelybelieveintheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)
throughwords,actionsandbeliefs.AMuslimmustobeyAllah'scommandsincludingperformingSalah,
observingSawm(Fast),performingHajj,andpayingZakah.Healsomustavoidtheprohibitionssuchas
Shirk,showingingratitudetoparents,severingtiesofkinship,Zina(adultery),theft,Khamr(intoxicant),
dealinginRiba(Usury),anddevouringtheorphan'spropertyunjustly,andsoon.

OservantofAllah,beassuredofthesetwotestimonybyobeyingthecommandsandavoidingthe
prohibitions,forthisAllah'sduerightandtherightofhisMessengeruponyou.

YoumustworshipAllahAlonethroughobeyingthecommandsandavoidingtheprohibitionsandtestifythat
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)isyourtrueLordanddeityandtheLordofallcreation.BeliefinAllahAloneinvolves
believingthatHeistheCreatoroftheuniverse,theManageroftheaffairsofall,andPossessorofthe
BeautifulNamesandExaltedAttributes.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:32)

HeistheCreator,theSustainer,theGiver,theManagerofallmattersandaffairs,theBeneficial,theDisposer
ofaffairs,andtheOmnipotentoverallthingswhowithholdsandharms.AllaffairsareunderHiscontrol
(mayHebePraised).

ThisiscalledTawhidu lRububiyyah(OnenessofAllah'sLordship),whichalonewouldnotadmitoneinto
thefoldofIslam.Togetherwiththat,faithmustbeshownthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)aloneisworthyof
worshipandnooneelse.Thatisthemeaningof"LaailahaillaAllah"andnothingelseistobeinvokedand
soughtforhelp.Additionally,hehastobelieveinTawhidulAsma'walSifatwhichmeansthatAllahisthe
MostPerfectinHisEssence,Names,Attributes,andActions.HepossessestheabsoluteperfectioninHis
Essence,Names,andAttributes.HehastheAbsoluteperfectionandhasnopartnerandnonesimilarand
thereisnonelikeuntoHim.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Say(OMuhammad):"HeisAllh,(the)
One. "Allhu sSamad()[AllhtheSelfSufficientMaster,Whomallcreaturesneed,(Heneither
eatsnordrinks)]. "Hebegetsnot,norwasHebegotten. "AndthereisnonecoequalorcomparableuntoHim." Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: ThereisnothinglikeHimandHeistheAllHearer,theAllSeer.

AllMukalaf,mankindandJinn,mustbelieveinAllah'sNamesandAttributeswhicharestatedintheQur'an
suchastheExaltedinMight,theWise,theHearing,theSeeing,theCreator,theSustainer,theMostMerciful,
andsoon,ofNamesandAttributesauthenticallyreportedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim).Weshould
acceptthemwithoutTashbih(comparison),Tamthil(likeningAllah'sAttributestothoseofHisCreation),
Ta'wil(allegoricalinterpretation),Ta`til(denialofAllah'sAttributes),addition,ordeduction.Allthesenames www.ircpk.com
andattributesaretrueandmustbeaffirmedinthewaybefittingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)alongwithabsolute
beliefthatHeisnotsimilartoHiscreaturesinanyofHisAttributes

orHisEssence.ThisisbasedontheviewofAhlulSunnahwalJama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslim
mainbody)amongtheProphet'sSahabahandtheirfollowers.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:33)

Alltheprophetsunanimouslyhadfaithinallthatandallthemessageswererevealedwiththoseteachings,
themostcompleteofthemallistheHolyQur'an.Youhavetobelieveinandadheretoitwhichisthecertain
truth.OnemustalsobelieveinProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim),andallprophetsaswellandin
whattheynarratedabouttheangels,thebooks,theParadise,andHell,theDayofResurrection,the
judgmentandreward,thetormentorblissinthegrave,andthebeliefinPredestinationwhethergoodor
bad.

AllMukallafs,womenandmen,slavesandfreepersons,ArabsandnonArabs,poorandrich,rulersand
subjects,Jinnandmankind,mustbelieveinwhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeupon
him)toldus.ItisobligatoryuponthemtobelieveinwhatAllahandHisMessengersaidaboutthepast
messengersfromAdamandothermessengerswhocameafterhim.Theymustbelieveintheguidancethose
messengersbroughtandbelievethatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hassentthemdowntocallpeopletogoodness,
guidance,andTawhidandthattheyconveyedthemessageandfulfilledthetrust.Moreover,theymust
believeinallthereportsofthePeopleofNuh,'AdandThamudandtheotherpeopleaboutwhomAllahtoldtheir
account.

EveryslavemustbelieveinallwhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)saidin
theQur'anandSunnah.Hehastobelieveinthepunishmentandblessingsinthegraveasthegraveisa
gardenofthegardensofParadiseforthebelieverorapitofthepitsofHellforthedisbeliever.

ThesinfulpersonisliabletothedangerofpunishmentinhisgraveexceptwhomAllah(ExaltedbeHe)has
givenmercy.ItisauthenticallyreportedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariand
Muslim)that theProphet(peacebeuponhim)oncepassedbytwogravesandsaid:Thosetwopersons(inthegraves)arebeing
torturedandtheyarebeingtorturednotforagreatthing(toavoid).Oneofthemusedtogoaboutwithcalumnies,andtheother
neversavedhimselffrombeingsoiledwithhisurine. Thephrase neversavedhimselffrombeingsoiledwithhisurine means
hedidnottakeprecautionstoavoidcontaminatinghimselforhisclothes.Anothernarrationreads, Theywere
torturedintheirgravesforcommittingthesetwosins. Thisisarapidtorture.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:34)

TheHadithpointsoutthatcommittingsinsisdangerous.Everybeliever,therefore,hastoholdfasttothe
religionofAllahthroughwords,actions,andbeliefsandadheretotheobligationsandavoidthe
prohibitions.HemustbelieveinwhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)said
aboutthestatesofthedeadintheirgraves,asthegraveisagardenofthegardensofParadise,oroneof
thepitsofHell.Oncethedeceasedisplacedinsidehisgrave,twoangelsaskhimabouthisLord,religion,
andProphet.Forthebelievers,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)wouldsenddowntranquilityintotheirheartsandadd
faithtotheirfaith.Whenaskedinhisgrave,thebelieverwouldanswermyLordisAllah,Islamismy
religion,andMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)ismyProphet.AstheMuslimwasholdingfasttohisfaith
andtohisreligionduringhislifetime,forthisreasonAllah(ExaltedbeHe)wouldgranthimpeaceofmind
andtranquilityinhisgrave.

However,thedisbelieverorthehypocrite,whenaskedinthegravetheywouldfindnoanswertogiveand
wouldsayinstead"Ionlyfollowedwhattheastraypeopleweresaying."Ongivingthatanswer,the
disbelieverwouldbehitbyasledgehammer,andascreamwouldcomefromhimtobeheardbyall
creaturesexceptman,whowouldhavebeenfrightenedifcouldhearthat.Assuch,peoplewouldbe
resurrectedandjudgedontheDayofResurrection.WhenthetrumpetsoundsontheLastDay,allpeople
willdieandberesurrectedandjudgedinaccordancewiththeirdeeds.TheQur'anandSunnahassertedthat
IsrafeelwillblowtheTrumpet.Atthefirstblowing,allpeopledieandareresurrectedafterthesecond
blowing.Then,theywillrisefromgraveswherevertheymaybeintheseaorwhatever,tobegatheredand
judgedinaccordancewiththeirdeeds.Allthismustbebelievedin.OnemustprepareforthatLastDayby
thebeliefintheOnenessofAllahandfollowingHisordinancesandavoidingHisdisobedience.Afterwards,
thebalanceswillthenbeerectedandthedeedswillbeweighed.Thehappyonesarethosewhoarejudged
andgiventheirrecordsintheirrighthands,andthewretchedarethosepeoplewhoarejudgedandgiven
theirrecordsintheirlefthands.WeaskAllahforsafety.

Itisnecessarytorememberthatgreatdayandhorriblesituationinordertoprepareforit.ItistheGreatday
ofResurrectionthedayofcalamitiesanddistresseswhoselengthisfiftythousandyears.Allah(Exaltedbe
He)says, TheangelsandtheRh[Jibrl(Gabriel)]ascendtoHiminaDaythemeasurewhereofisfiftythousandyears. Sobe
patient(OMuhammad),withagoodpatience. Verily,theyseeit(thetorment)afaroff. ButWeseeit(quite)
near.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:35)

EveryMuslimhastobelieveinandpreparehimselfforthatday.TheymustobeyAllah,followHisLawsand
avoidHisprohibitions,adviseoneanotherinrighteousnessandstayfirmwithtruth.Theymustenjointhe
rightandforbidthewrongandguidetheignorantandtheotherrighteousactivities.
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Everyone,maleandfemale,mustattendandpreparehimselfforthiseventbyfearingandobeyingAllah
(ExaltedbeHe),beingsupportersforeachother,enjoiningthegoodandforbiddingtheevil.Allah(Exalted
beHe)says, Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(on
thepeople)AlM a rf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.
polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslmhasforbidden)theyperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),andgivetheZakt,
andobeyAllhandHisMessenger.AllhwillhaveHisMercyonthem.SurelyAllhisAllMighty,AllWise. He(mayHebe
Praised)alsosays, ByAlAsr(thetime). Verily,manisinloss, Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)anddo
righteousgooddeeds,andrecommendoneanothertothetruth[i.e.orderoneanothertoperformallkindsofgooddeeds(AlMaruf)
whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeeds(AlMunkarwhichAllhhasforbidden],andrecommend
oneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,andinjurieswhichonemayencounterinAllhsCauseduringpreachingHis
religionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirr
andAtTaqw(virtue,righteousnessandpiety)butdonothelponeanotherinsinandtransgression.AndfearAllh.Verily,Allhis
Severeinpunishment.

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ThebelieverswillseetheirLordontheDayofResurrection.AccordingtoAhlulSunnahwalJama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnah
andtheMuslimmainbody),He(GlorifiedbeHe)willtalktothemandwillshowthemHisFace.AhlulSunnahwalJama`ah
unanimouslyagreethatthebelieverswillseeAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)andshowthemHisfacebutthedisbelieverswillbeprevented
fromseeingHim.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Nay!Surelythey(evildoers)willbeveiledfromseeingtheirLordthatDay.

ThebelieverswillseetheirLordandthedisbelieverswillbedeniedthissight.AhlulSunnahwalJama`ah
unanimouslybelieveinthat.TheyalsobelievethattheyseetheirLordinParadiseandthisisthebestreward
theyaregiven.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:36)

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Forthosewhohavedonegoodisthebest(reward,i.e.Paradise)andevenmore
(i.e.havingthehonourofglancingattheCountenanceofAllh). InthisAyah(Qur'anicverse),"thebest"refers
to"Paradise"whiletheword"andevenmore"meansglancingattheCountenanceofAllah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)inadditiontothegoodnessandtheeverlastingdelightsthattheyhaveneverimagined.Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Verily,AlAbrr(thepiousbelieversofIslamicMonotheism)willbeinDelight(Paradise).
Onthrones,looking(atallthings). Youwillrecogniseintheirfacesthebrightnessofdelight. Allah(GlorifiedandExalted
beHe)alsosays: SomefacesthatDayshallbeNdirah(shiningandradiant). LookingattheirLord(Allh).

ThebelieverswillseeAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)ontheDayofResurrectionwhentheyenterParadise.However,
theywillnotperceiveHim,forHisGreatnessandMajestyarebeyondtheperceptionofHiscreatures.Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)says, NovisioncangraspHim,butHegraspsallvision.HeisAlLatf(theMostSubtleandCourteous),Well
Acquaintedwithallthings. i.e.itcannotencompassHim,asvisionismoregeneralthanperception.Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)saysinthestoryofMusa(Moses)andPharaoh, Andwhenthetwohostssaweachother,the
companionsofMs(Moses)said:"Wearesuretobeovertaken." Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)clarifiedthatseeingisdifferent
fromperception.CommentingonthecitedAyah,agroupoftheSalaf(RighteousPredecessors)including
`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)maintainthattheydonotseeHimintheworldlylife.

BothsayingspresentnoevidenceinsupportofthedenialofsightingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)asclaimedby
someheretics.TheAyahswhicharepreviouslymentionedandtheauthenticHadithMutawatir(aHadith
reportedbyasignificantnumberofnarratorsthroughoutthechainofnarration,whoseagreementuponalie
isimpossible)provethatthebelieverswillseetheirLordontheDayofResurrectioninParadise.Allthe
Sahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet,mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)andAhlulSunnahwalJama`ahagreeto
this.However,Jahmiyyah(adeviantIslamicsectdenyingsomeAttributesofAllah,claimingtheyareascribedtopeopleandcannot
beascribedtoAllah),Mu`tazilah(adeviantIslamicsectclaimingthatthosewhocommitmajorsinsareinastatebetweenbeliefand
disbelief)andAlIbadiyyahdeniedit.Theirsayingisthemostmisleadingfalsehood.WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
tograntuswellbeingandsafety.WeaskHimtoguideusandhelpusreturntotheTruth.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:37)

ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, "OntheDayofResurrection,Allah(Exaltedbe
He)wouldsaytothepeopleofParadise:Doyouwantanymorereward?Theywouldsay:OLord,haveYounotbrightenedourfaces?
HaveYounotelevatedourscales?HaveYounotadmittedustoParadise?HaveYounotsavedusfromHellFire?Inreply,Allah(Glory
betoHim)wouldsay:IwanttofulfillwhatIhavepromisedyou.Then,theVeilwouldberemovedawayfromHisGraciousFace."
TheywillseeHim(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)andthiswillbethegreatestjoythepeopleofParadisewill
experience.MayAllahmakeusandyouamongthem!

Aswehavepreviouslymentioned,AhlulSunnahwalJama`ahunanimouslyagreeonseeingAllah(Exaltedbe
He).ThisismentionedbyAbuAlHasanAlAsh`aryinhisbookentitled,"MaqalatAlIslamiyyeen"andbyShaykh
A lIslamIbnTaymiyyah(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)andtheconsensusofthePeopleofAlSunnah.The
Jumhur(dominantmajorityofscholars)ofAhlulSunnahwalJama`ahrenderwhoeverdeniesthebeliefofseeing
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)ontheDayofResurrectionasadisbeliever.

TheJumhurof A h lu lSunnahwalJama`ahbelievethatwhoeverdeniesseeingAllah(mayHebePraised)isa
Kafir(disbeliever).WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tograntussafety!

Intheworldlylife,noonecanseeAllah(GlorifiedbeHe).SeeingHimisagreatpleasureandthisworldly
lifeisnottheabodeofhappiness,itistheabodeoftrialsanddoingdeeds.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)storesthe
pleasureofseeingHimintheHereafter.AccordingtotheJumhur,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)didnot
seeHim.Whenhewasasked,he(peacebeuponhim)replied, IsawLight. Thus,hedidnotseeAllahinthis
world.

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, "KnowthatnooneofyouwillbeabletoseehisLorduntilhedies." (Relatedby


MusliminhisSahih(authentic)bookofHadith)NeithertheProphetsnoranypersonwillseeAllah(Exaltedbe
He)inthisworldlylife,forHe(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)willbeseenintheHereafter.

AMuslimshouldbelieveinthisandinwhatisrevealedtotheProphet(peacebeuponhim).Heshould
believethatParadiseistrue,Hellfireistrue,thebelieverswillenterParadise,andwillseetheirLordonthe www.ircpk.com
DayofResurrectionwhilethedisbelieverswilleternallyabideinHellfire.WeseekrefugewithAllahfrom
that.WeseekrefugewithAllahfromthat!ThedisbelieverswillbeveiledfromseeingtheirLord.Theywill
notseeAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)ontheDayofResurrection,becauseoftheirdisbeliefand
misguidance.

ThedisobedientpersonisindangerhemayenterHellfireduetohisdisobedience,buthewillnotstayin
Hellfireeternally.AccordingtotheHadithsMutawatir(aHadithreportedbyasignificantnumberofnarrators
throughoutthechainofnarrationwhoseagreementuponalieisimpossible)reportedfromtheMessengerof
Allah(peacebeuponhim)andtheIjma`ofAhlu lSunnah,hewillcomeoutofHellfireandwillenter
Paradise.ThisiscontrarytotheviewheldbytheKhawarij(separatistgroupthatbelievescommittingamajorsinamountsto
disbelief)andtheirfollowers.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:38)

ThedisobedientMuslimisindangerforheisliabletoenterHellfireandtobepunishedinhisgravebecause
ofhissins.However,hewilleventuallybeadmittedtoParadise.

AccordingtotheconsensusofAhlulSunnahwalJama`ah,thedisobedientpersonwillnotremaineternallyinHellfire
unliketheKhawarij,Mu`tazilah,andthosewhoadoptedtheirway.AhlulSunnahwalJama`ahareoftheviewthatthe
disobedientbelieverswhoprofesstheDivineUnitywillnotstayinHellfireforeverandheisentirelyleftto
Allah'swill.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says, Verily,AllhforgivesnotthatpartnersshouldbesetupwithHim(inworship),but
Heforgivesexceptthat(anythingelse)towhomHewills IfAllahwills,HewillforgiveHimandhewouldbeallowedto
enterParadisewithhisfellowMuslimsfromtheverybeginning.IfHedoesnotforgivehim,hewillbecast
intoHellfiretobepunishedforhissinsandthenhewillbeadmittedtoParadiseafterbeingpurifiedasstated
bytheHadithMutawatirascribedtotheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim).

Thisisthebeliefof A h lu lSunnahwalJama`ah.Adisobedientpersonmaybepunishedinhisgraveandin
Hellfire,ifhedieswhilecommittingZina(adultery),consumingKhamr(intoxicant),showingingratitudeto
parents,dealingwithRiba(usury),oranyothermajorsinunlessAllahforgiveshim.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)
mentionsinthepreviousAyahthatshirkisanunforgivablesin.He(GlorifiedbeHe)statesinanotherAyah
thatwhoeverdiesinstateofshirkwillnotbeforgivenandwilleternallyremaininHellfire.Weseekrefuge
withAllah!Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, ButiftheyhadjoinedinworshipotherswithAllh,allthattheyusedtodowouldhave
beenofnobenefittothem. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: ItisnotfortheMushrikn(polytheists,idolaters,pagans,
disbelieversintheOnenessofAllh),tomaintaintheMosquesofAllh(i.e.toprayandworshipAllhtherein,tolookaftertheir
cleanlinessandtheirbuilding,),whiletheywitnessagainsttheirownselvesofdisbelief.TheworksofsuchareinvainandinFireshall
theyabide.

Ifadisobedientpersondoesnotrepent,heislefttotheWillofAllah.IfAllahwills,Hewillforgiveand
pardonhimbecauseofhisgooddeeds,Shafa`ah(intercession)oftheintercessors,orthroughHisGrace
withoutintercession.Ifherepents,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)willmakehimjoinhisfellowsfrom
thebeginningasaGraceandBountyfromHim.

Inthisworldlylife,itisyourdutytowardsAllah(ExaltedbeHe)

(PartNo:6,PageNo:39)

toofferSalahincongregationandavoidimitatingthehypocriteswhocometoSalahlazilywhomAllah
dispraisedinHissaying, Verily,thehypocritesseektodeceiveAllh,butitisHeWhodeceivesthem.Andwhentheystandup
forAsSalt(theprayer),theystandwithlazinessandtobeseenofmen,andtheydonotrememberAllhbutlittle.

ItisAllah'srighttopayZakah(obligatorycharity)wholeheartedly,tofastRamadanasHehasorderedyou,
andtoperformHajjonceinalifetimetoAllah'sHouse.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)enjoinsHajjonlyonthosewho
canaffordit.HeshouldalsofulfillwhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasordainedsuchasshowinggratitudeto
parents,maintainingtiesofkinship,tellingthetruth,maintainingthetrust,Jihad(strivingintheCauseof
Allah),ifpossible,withsoul,money,andtongue.

Now,youshouldhelpyourAfghanbrothersagainstShirkandcommunism.Itisyourdutytohelpthemin
person,money,andspeech.Whoeversaysthathedoesnothelpexceptsoandsoismistaken.Itis
obligatorytohelpthemalluntilAllah(ExaltedbeHe)grantsthemvictoryandgivesthempowerovertheir
enemysuchasShaykhJamilAlRahman.MayAllahgrantthemsuccessandgrantsthemvictoryovertheir
enemies!Theyareallworthyofhelp.ThankstoAllah,theyarestrivinginAllah'sCauseaccordingto
Shari`ah(IslamicLaw).Themistakesthatsomeofthemmaycommitshouldbetreatedinagoodway.To
errishumanandnooneisinfallible.Itisbettertoshowhimhismistakeandguidehimtodogoodness.We
shouldhelpeachothertocooperateinrighteousnessandpiety,andstrivewithoneself,money,andspeech
astheyarestrivingagainstthemostdisbelievingandevilcountry.Thereareofficeswhichreceivedonations
i nRiyadhandothercities.AlSubai`yandAlRajhybanksreceivethedonationswhicharepresentedtothe
Mujahids(personsstrivingintheCauseofAllah)astheCustodianoftheTwoSacredMosqueshasordered.
MayAllahgranthimsuccess!

(PartNo:6,PageNo:40)

AlltheIslamiccountriesandthewealthyMuslimsshouldalsohelpourfellowbrothersinPalestinetogetridof
theenemiesofAllahtheJews.

TheeviloftheJewsisgreatandgrave.TheyhavecausedharmtoourMuslimbrethreninPalestine.TheIslamic
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countriesandallMuslimsmusthelpthemtofightagainsttheenemiesofAllahoftheJewsuntilAllahjudges
betweenthemandMuslimsasHeistheBestofJudgeswhenHegrantsthemvictoryovertheJewsanddrive
themoutoftheIslamiccountriesortomakepeacewithPalestine.ThispeacewillbenefittheMuslimsandhelp
thePalestiniansestablishtheircountry.Thiswillalsosavethemfromharmandinjustice.TheIslamic
countriesshouldhelpthemasmuchaspossible.

TheircontinuousfightagainsttheJewswillharmtheirmen,women,andchildrenwhichisnotlegally
acceptable.AlltheIslamiccountries,richMuslims,andofficialsshouldexerttheirutmosteffortstostrive
againsttheenemiesofAllahtheJewsortomakepeacebetweentheminordertoestablishthePalestinian
stateonthePalestinianlandandtosavethemfromtheharmoftheenemiesofAllahtheJewsjustasthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)madepeacewiththepeopleofMakkahwhoweremorethanJews.TheKufrof
Mushriks(personswhoassociateotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)isworsethanthatofthe
PeopleoftheBook.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)haspermittedustoeatfromtheirfoodandtomarrytheirchaste
womenbutHedidnotmakethefoodorthewomenofthedisbelieverslawfultous.TheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)madepeacewiththemfortenyearsinwhichpeoplebecamesafeandstoppedfightingeach
other.ThispeacetreatywasagreatbenefitfortheMuslimsalthoughtheydidnotacceptitbuttheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)accepteditforthegeneralinterest.

Ifitisimpossibletogetridofthedisbelievers,itispermissibletomakepeacewiththemforthebenefitand
safetyofMuslims.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:41)

Itisfundamentallyadmittedthatwhatisnotfullyrealizedshallnotbetotallyleft.Thus,theProphet(peace
beuponhim)signedapeacetreatywiththemfortenyearsinwhichthewarended.Heacceptedthispeace
forthesafetyandthebenefitoftheMuslimssothattheywouldinteractwiththeProphet(peacebeupon
him)andlistentotheQur'an.

Thisiswhyitwasagreatpeacetreatyandamanifestvictory.AsMuslimsinteractedwiththeProphet(peace
beuponhim)andtheSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet)andmanynationsacceptedIslamand
abandoneddisbelief.AlltheMuslimsshouldcooperateinrighteousnessandpietyandrecommendone
anothertoperseveranceandpatience.Theyshouldstudyandunderstandtheirreligiondeeplysothatthey
wouldknowtherealmeaningofJihad,peace,truce,andwar.

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Thus,theMuslimsshouldlearn.Manisbornignorantanddoesnotknowanything.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)states, AndAllhhas
broughtyououtfromthewombsofyourmotherswhileyouknownothing.AndHegaveyouhearing,sight,andheartsthatyoumight
givethanks(toAllh). AllmenandwomenmustlearnandunderstandIslam,whetherthroughcorrespondence,listeningtothe
Qur'anradiostationorNur`alaAlDarbprogram,whichisaveryusefulprogrambroadcasttwiceadayinNida'AlIslamradiostation
andtheQur'anradiostation.YoucanalsolistentosermonsandlecturesontheQur'anradiostationandelsewhere.Youcanalso
listentoFridayKhutbahs(sermons),lectures,andsymposiumsheldbyscholars,andattendHalaqahs(learningcircles)tobenefitfrom
them.

Itisanobligationonallmenandwomentolearnandunderstandtheirfaith,accordingtothestatementof
theProphet(peacebeuponhim)intheSahih(authentic)Hadith, Thebestamongyou(Muslims)arethosewholearn
theQuranandteachit. ThebestofpeoplearethosewholearntheQur'an,teachittopeopleandapplyit.

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsostatedintheSahihHadith, IfAllahwantstodogoodtoaperson,Hemakes
themcomprehendreligion. ThisindicatesthatifapersondoesnotstrivetocomprehendIslam,Allahdoesnot
desiregoodforthem.MayAllahgrantussafety.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:42)

Thus,menandwomen,shouldunderstandandcomprehendtheirfaith,accordingtothestatementofthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim), Ifanyonetravelsonaroadinsearchofknowledge,Allahwillcausehimtotravelononeofthe
roadstoJannah(Paradise).

Dearbrothersandsisters,myadvicetoanyonewhohearsthosewordsistofearAllahasHeshouldbe
feared,learnandcomprehendIslam,giveimportancetoAllah'sBook,reciteitoftenandmemorizeasmuch
aspossiblefromit.ItisAllah'sBookthatcontainsguidanceandlight,andAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)states,
Verily,thisQurnguidestothatwhichismostjustandright Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Say:Itisforthosewho
believe,aguideandahealing." Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndthisisablessedBook(theQurn)whichWehavesent
down,sofollowitandfearAllh(i.e.donotdisobeyHisOrders),thatyoumayreceivemercy(i.e.besavedfromthetormentofHell).
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndWehavesentdowntoyoutheBook(theQuran)asanexpositionof
everything,aguidance,amercy,andgladtidingsforthosewhohavesubmittedthemselves(toAllhasMuslims). He(Glorified
beHe)alsostates, (Thisis)aBook(theQurn)whichWehavesentdowntoyou,fullofblessings,thattheymayponderoverits
Verses,andthatmenofunderstandingmayremember. Therecommendationforeveryonetogiveprioritytothe
Qur'an,reciteitoften,ponderitsmeaningsandinquireaboutanyintricateissuesifyouareaknowledge
seeker.Thesameappliestowomen.BothshouldreadbooksofTafsir(explanationofthemeaningsofthe
Qur'an)oncomplexmatters,suchastheTafsirofIbnKathir,AlBaghawiandotherknownbooksofTafsirthat
mentionpiecesofevidence.

Aknowledgeseekershouldthink,reflect,learnandcomprehend.Thesameappliestolaypeoplethey
shouldask,listentoFridayKhutbahs,attendlectures,andfollowNur`AlaAlDarbprogramthatisbroadcast
daily,asitraisesimportantissuesforthosewhowishtobenefit.

However,negligenceandcarelessnessareamongthetraitsofKafirs(nonMuslims),accordingtoAllah's
statement, Butthosewhodisbelieveturnawayfromthatwhereoftheyarewarned. He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsostates, And
whodoesmorewrongthanhewhoisremindedoftheAyt(proofs,evidence,verses,lessons,signs,revelations,etc.)ofhisLord,but
turnsawayfromthem,forgettingwhat(deeds)hishandshavesentforth. Peopleshouldlearn,comprehendIslamandask

(PartNo:6,PageNo:43)

thescholarsaboutcomplexissues.WehaveAllah'sBookwhichincludesguidanceandlight.TheSunnahof
theMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)alsoguidestoAlHaqq(theTruth)andhelpsclarifywhatmay
notbeunderstoodintheBookofAllah,accordingtoAllah'sstatement, AndWehavealsosentdownuntoyou(O
Muhammad)theDhikr[reminderandtheadvice(i.e.theQurn)],thatyoumayexplainclearlytomenwhatis
sentdowntothem,andthattheymaygivethought.

PraisebetoAllah,thescholarsarethere,mayAllahblessthem,helpthemfulfilltheirduty,increasethem,
grantthemsuccess,guidethemtorighteousness,andhelpthemdowhatbenefitstheUmmah(community)
inspiritualandworldlyaffairs.HeistheMostGenerous.

Allahhastakenapledgefrompeoplethattheywouldlearn,bepatientandnotbeashamedofseeking
knowledge,asAllahisnotashamedofAlHaqq.UmSulaym,whowasthewifeofAbuTalhah(mayAllahbe
pleasedwithhim)askedtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)infrontofthepeople, "O,Messengerof
Allah!Indeed,AllahisnotashamedofAlHaqq.IsitnecessaryforawomantoperformGhusl(bathfollowingmajorceremonial
impurity),ifsheexperiencesnocturnalemission?"TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)replied,"Yes,ifsheseesthedischarge." The
dischargeherereferstoManiy(secretionsthatarereleasedonorgasm).

Ifamanorawomanhasasexualdreamwhilesleepingduringthenightorday,theymustperformGhuslif
Maniyisdischarged.However,ifnoManiyisdischarged,theyneednotperformGhusl.Ifamankisseshis
wife,lookingatherlustfully,orthinkingofintercourseanddischargesManiy,hehastoperformGhusl.The
sameappliestoawomanifshekissesherhusband,looksathimlustfully,orthinksofintercourseand www.ircpk.com
dischargesManiy.Inthiscase,sheshouldperformGhuslaswell.

LearningandcomprehendingIslamisoneofthemostimportantduties,especiallyinoureraof
estrangement,andlackofknowledgeandscholars.Peopleshouldthuslearnandcomprehendtheirfaith
accordingtoAllah'sstatement, IfAllahwantstodogoodtoaperson,Hemakesthemcomprehendreligion. (Agreedupon
byImamsAlBukhariandMuslim).

However,thegoodnewsisthatthereisagreatrevivalanddesiretolearneverywhere,praisebetoAllah,
whetherinthiscountry,Europe,America,Asiaor

(PartNo:6,PageNo:44)

Africa.PraisebetoAllah,thereisanIslamicmovementandactivityineverycountry.MayAllahhelpthem
reachrightdecisions,doallthatisgood,setarighttheaffairsofthoseresponsibleforIslamicactivities,and
grantthemrighteousleadersandscholarswhocanleadtheseblessedmovementsinawaythatpleases
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)!

Allofusshouldsupportthiscauseandcontributeasmuchaspossibletoteachingpeopleandguidingthem
togoodnessusingkindness,wisdom,goodmannersandfaithfulnesstoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).
EveryoneofusshouldgiveadviceforthesakeofAllahandHisservantsaccordingtothestatementofthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim), "Din(religion)isbasedonadvisingoneanother."Uponhearingthispeopleasked,"Forwhom?"
Hereplied,"ForAllah,HisBook,HisMessenger,theleaders,andthelaypeople. RelatedbyMusliminhisSahihBookof
Hadith.

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Thus,everyoneofus,menandwomen,shouldbesincereinadviceforthesakeofAllahandforthewelfareofHisServants.

OneoftheaspectsofbeingsincereinadviceforthesakeofAllahandthewelfareofHisservantsistoteach
theignorant,guidewhoeverisbeingstrayed,enjoingoodandforbidevilwithwisdom,kindwordsand
mannersawayfromviolenceandcruelty,exceptforthosewhodowrongasHe(ExaltedbeHe)says: And
arguenotwiththepeopleoftheScripture(JewsandChristians),unlessitbein(away)thatisbetter(withgoodwordsandingood
manner,invitingthemtoIslmicMonotheismwithHisVerses),exceptwithsuchofthemasdowrong

Thetransgressingwrongdoershouldbelefttotherulersbutyou,adviser,shouldcalltoAllahinthebest
way,byteaching,directing,andenjoininggoodaswellasforbiddingevilwithkindwords,propermanneras
wellactinginaccordancewiththepreviousAyahandHisSaying(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe): Invite(mankind,
OMuhammad)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)
andfairpreaching,andarguewiththeminawaythatisbetter. InadditiontoHisSaying(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe):
AndbytheMercyofAllh,youdealtwiththemgently.Andhadyoubeensevereandharshhearted,theywouldhavebrokenaway
fromaboutyou .

OneoftheaspectsofhavingsinceritywithAllahandHisServantsistomakeDu`a'(supplication)forMuslim
rulersthattheywouldbegrantedguidance,success,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:45)

sincerityinintentionandaction,andtoalsomakeDu`a'thatAllahwouldgrantthemagoodcompanionship,
whichsupportthemingoodandremindthemofit.

ThisisarightuponeveryMuslimeverywhere,alloverthecountryandinothercountriesaswell,forthey
shouldmakeDu`a'forrulerstohavesuccess,uprightness,piousretinue,supportofAllahtodoallgood,
guidancetotherightpath,andreformfortheinterestofservantsandcountries.

EveryMuslimshouldmakeDu`a'forMuslimrulersthatAllahwouldreformthem,turnthemtotheright
path,andguidethemtowhatpleasesHim(GlorifiedbeHe).Thisisyourrole,OServantofAllah,toinvoke
AllahtograntthemguidanceanduprightnessiftheydonotobservethatandtomakethemabidebyAllah's
CommandsandruleinaccordancewithHisShari`ah,forthisincludesreformingeverybodyeverywhere.
Moreover,rulingaccordingtoAllah'sShari`ah,followingHisBookandtheSunnah(whateverisreported
fromtheProphet)ofHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)includesthereformoftheworldlylifeandthe
Hereafter,forwhenAllahknowsthatoneofHisservantshasasincereintentionandtruewill,Hewillmake
themofsoundopinionandsupporttheminalldeeds,sincefollowingtheShari`ahandrespectingthe
CommandsofAllahandHisMessengerleadstotheadjustmentofworldlylifeandtheHereafteras
previouslymentioned.

Furthermore,everyMuslimshouldaskAllahtogranttheircountryguidanceandsuccess.Heshouldbe
sinceretoitandsupportorofgoodandshouldnotfailorbecomeboredofdoingthat.Again,theyshould
usewisdom,kindspeech,andgoodmanner,perhapsAllah(ExaltedbeHe)wouldmakethemblessedin
theirDu`a'andadvice,thusbecomeareasonforguidingwhoeverisdestinedtobeguidedbyAllah,
whetheritisaprince,rulerorothersamongthosewhohavepowerintheircountries,forAllahrendersthe
guidanceofaresponsiblepersonorapersonhavingauthoritybeneficialtotheservantsandcountries,since
manypeopletendtomodelafterthesepersons,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Whoeverguidesto
somethinggood,willhavearewardsimilartothatofitsdoer Itisauthenticallyreportedthathe(peacebeuponhim)
alsotold`Aly(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)whenhesenthimtoKhaybartocalltheJews: IfAllahguidesaright
onemanthroughyou,thatisbetterforyouthantopossessthemostvaluablecamels.

Thisisagreatblessingthatisonlyachievedbyhavingtruth,sincerity,andpatience,alongwithbeingaware
ofviolentsternmannerswhichputpeopleofffromthetruthandleadstoFitan(seditions/seductions/trials)
andevils.Rather,whoevercallstoAllahshouldseekthepropermeanswhichhelpthepeopletoaccept

(PartNo:6,PageNo:46)

andapplythetruth.AMuslimshouldalsostrivetoachievewhatadjuststheirworldlylife,religionand
family,forthereisanabsoluterightuponthispersontowardsadjustingtheirfamilyandguidingthemtothe
right,asAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Oyouwhobelieve!WardoffyourselvesandyourfamiliesagainstaFire(Hell)whose
fuelismenandstones

Accordingly,youshouldworkhardtoadjustyourfamilyrepresentedinyourwife,children,brothersand
sisters,asyoushouldworkhardtoteach,guide,direct,andwarnthemagainstwhatAllahhasprohibited
becauseyouareresponsibleforthem,accordingtotheProphet'ssaying(peacebeuponhim): Allofyouare
guardiansandareresponsibleforyoursubjects:TheImam(i.e.ruler)isaguardianandisresponsibleforhissubjectsandtheman
istheguardianofhisfamilyandisresponsibleforhissubjectsandthewomanistheguardianofherhusband'shouseandis
responsibleforhersubjectsandtheservantistheguardianofhismaster'smoneyandisresponsibleforhissubjects Then,he
(peacebeuponhim)said: Allofyouareguardiansandresponsibleforyoursubjects,
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Therefore,weshouldworkhardtoadjustthemtobesinceretoAllahinallacts,honestinfollowingthe
MessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)andbelievinghimaswellasobservingSalah(prayer)andother
actsprescribedbyAllah(GlorifiedbeHe),besideskeepingawayfromwhatAllahhasforbidden.

Asaresult,everyonemenandwomen,shouldbesincereinfulfillingtheirdutiesawomanshouldwork
hardandsoshouldtheman,asreformingthefamiliesisoneofthemostimportantthings.Allah(Exaltedbe
He)saystoHisProphet(peacebeuponhim): AndenjoinAsSalt(theprayer)onyourfamily,andbepatientinoffering
them[i.e.theSalt(prayers)]. HesaysaboutHisProphetIsma`il: AndmentionintheBook(theQurn)Isml(Ishmael).
Verilyhewastruetowhathepromised,andhewasaMessenger,(and)aProphet. Andheusedtoenjoinonhisfamilyandhis
peopleAsSalt(theprayers)andtheZakt,andhisLordwaspleasedwithhim.

Hence,youshouldfollowtheexampleoftheProphetsandpiouspeople,andattendtoyourfamilieswife,
parent,grandparents,brothers,andchildren,youshouldalsoworkhardtorenderthemupright,and
commandyourchildrentoofferSalahattheageofseven,andmoderatelybeatthemforabandoningitat
theageoften

(PartNo:6,PageNo:47)

tohelpthemobeyAllahandmaintaintheirSalahontimetilltheycometoabidebyAllah'sDin(religionof
Islam)andcometoknowthetruth,asauthenticallyreportedintheSunnahoftheMessengerofAllah(peace
beuponhim).

Thus,eachoneofusshouldundertakethisrole,formenandwomenhavetohelponeanotherinvirtueand
righteousnessregardingthereformationoffamilies.Theyshouldalsowarnchildrenagainstwhatmayharm
them,thus,gettoknowwhatAllahhasobligatedforthemmalesandfemales.Moreover,theyshouldforbid
whatAllahhasprohibitedforthemsuchasabandoningtheSalah,drinkingintoxicants,anddrugs,smoking,
shavingortrimmingthebeards,lengtheningtheclothes(formen)practicingNamimah(talebearing),
Ghaybah(backbiting),hearingsongs,oranysortofprohibitedentertainmentinadditiontootheractsof
disobedience,forthisisaperson'sdutytowardstheirson,sister,andothermembersofthefamily.

Helpingoneanotherinrighteousnessandpietyisobligatory,sinceAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Helpyouone
anotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,righteousnessandpiety) AndHe(GlorifiedbeHe)says: ByAlAsr(thetime).
Verily,manisinloss, Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommendoneanother
tothetruth[i.e.orderoneanothertoperformallkindsofgooddeeds(AlMaruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfromallkinds
ofsinsandevildeeds(AlMunkarwhichAllhhasforbidden],andrecommendoneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,and
injurieswhichonemayencounterinAllhsCauseduringpreachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd).

Thesearethewinnersamongmenandwomeninearliertimes,thepresent,andthefuture,andtheyarethe
oneswhohavetrueIman(faith)inAllahandHisMessengerandthenfulfilleditbyobservinggooddeeds,
offeringAllah'sCommandsandavoidingHisProhibitions,thenrecommendingoneanothertotruth,by
callingtoAllah,teachingpeople,guidingthemandrecommendingeachothertopatienceaswell.

Thesepeoplearerescuedandtheyarethewinners,whoarethehappiestintheworldlylifeandthe
Hereafter,justasAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,
protectors)ofoneanother Thismeansthattheyloveeachothertheydonotcommitbackbiting,badreporting,
orbetrayalgaisnteachother.Theyneverharm,oppress,falselytestifyagainstothers,oroffendeachother
inwordoractionthatcontradictsfriendshipandlove.Fortheyarewellbelovedfellowswhocooperateinall
thatisgood.Allah(mayHebePraisedandGlorified)alsosays: theyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.Islmic
MonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andall
thatIslmhasforbidden) Thismeansthattheydonotkeepsilentaboutdisproving

(PartNo:6,PageNo:48)

evilorfalselyadulatepeople,rather,eachoneofthemenjoinstheirfellowstogoodandforbidsthemfrom
evil,bykindwordsandgoodmanner.

Afterthis,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: theyperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),andgivetheZakt,andobeyAllhandHis
Messenger. ThisisthecharacteristicofthetrueMu'minintheyabidebyAllah'sDin,avoidHisProhibitions
andHudud(ordainedpunishmentforviolatingAllahsLaw).Furthermore,theyguidepeopletogood,advise
themwithkindwords,andgoodmannersalongwithhavingsinceritytowardsAllahandenduringpatience.

Thisishowabelieversdealswiththeirlifeaffairs.Theyarenotaburdenonpeople,theygainlawful
earnings,buyandsell,dowhateveradjuststheirlife.TheyplantasdonebytheAnsar(Helpers,inhabitantsof
MadinahwhosupportedtheProphet)(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem),buyandsellliketheMuhajirun(Emigrantsfrom
MakkahtoMadinah)(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem).Theydonotdependonothersandtroublethemby
asking,rathertheystrivetodowithoutpeoplebythesupportofAllah,takethelawfulmeansforearning
andworkhardtoearntheirsustenanceinapermissibleandlawfulwaysuchasselling,buying,planting,or
anyotherpermissiblejobsuchassmithery,carpentry,sewing,enamelingandsoon,orbyworkingfor
othersintheirfarms,constructions,andsoforth.Thus,theyusethebodywhichAllahhasbestowedupon
theminobeyingHimandHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),andinlawfullyearningwhatsufficesthem
frompeople,theyarealsopermittedtotakelawfulmedicinewithwhichAllahsupportsthemtoprotecttheir
health.

Inconclusion:ItispermissibleforaMuslimtotakethelawfulmeanswhichbenefittheirworldlylifeandthe
Hereafter,theirphysicalhealth,helpsthemgainHalal(lawful)earnings,andquitwhatisHaram(prohibited) www.ircpk.com
withoutbeggingpeople,fortheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: AstrongbelieverisbetteranddearertoAllah
thanaweakone,andbotharegood Then,he(peacebeuponhim)said: Observethatwhichbenefitsyou,seekhelpfrom
Allah,anddonotslacken,andifanythingbefallsyou,donotsay:"Law"(If)Ihaddonesoandso,suchandsuchwouldhave
happened,rathersay:AllahdidwhatHehaddestinedtodo,for"Law"opensthe(gate)fortheSatan. RelatedbyImamMuslim
inHisSahih(authenticbookofHadith).

(PartNo:6,PageNo:49)

TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: Nobodyhasevereatenbetterfoodthanthat
whichonehasearnedbyworkingwiththeirownhands,andtheProphetofAllah,Dawud(David),usedtoeatfromtheearningsofhis
manualwork. RelatedbyAlBukhariintheSahih Andhe(peacebeuponhim)wasaskedaboutthebestmeanstoearnone's
living,hesaid,"Manualworkandlawfulsale" RelatedbyAlBazzarandclassedasSahih(authentic)byAlHakim.

Therefore,OServantofAllah,youshouldstrivetoseekforHalalsustenanceandearninganddoawaywith
peopleyoushouldseektogainHalalearningawayfromcheating,betrayal,andlying.Earnwhatis
permissiblebyobservingtruthandfulfillingyourtrust,whetherthishappensduringbuying,selling,trade,
smithery,enameling,writing,building,oranyotherpermissiblework,itisauthenticallyreportedthatthe
MessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said: Thetwopartiesdoingatransactionhavetheoption(ofcancellingit)until
theypart.Iftheyarehonestanddisclose(anydefects),theirtransactionwillbeblessed,butiftheylieandconceal(defects)the
blessingwillbewipedout. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim).

IaskAllahbyHisbeautifulNamestoguideusandallMuslimstowhateverpleasesHim,andtogrant
everyoneabidancebytruth,supportofHisReligionandword,andtomakebettertheconditionsofall
Muslimseverywhere.IalsoaskHimtoassignwhoeverisbesttorulethem,guidetheirrulerstoeverything
thatgainsHispleasureanduprightnessofthecountriesandpeople.IalsoaskHimtosupporttheminall
good,andtoreformtheirretinueforthem,andrenderthemguidedandbeofguidance,uprightleadingto
uprightness,andtograntthemsuccessinrulingHisServantsinaccordancewithAllah'sShari`ahand
makingtheUmam(nations)abidebyit.MayAllahprotectthemfromtheinsinuationsoftheSatanandthe
strayingFitan,forHeistheMostAbletodothis!MayHebestowuponMuslimsinallplacesunderstandingof
theirDinandabidingbyit!MayHehelpthemsupportoneanotherinvirtuousnessandpietyandhelpallof
ustodowhateverpleasesHim!MaypeaceandblessingbeuponHisServantandMessengerourProphet
Muhammad,hisfamily,Companionsandwhoeverfollowedtheminvirtue.

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:50)

Importantquestionsandtheiranswersafterthelecture

Q1:Somesecularistsspeakbadlyaboutthescholarsandsomeoftheknowledgeseekers.
TheyalsospeakinthemattersofShari`ahdespitetheirlackofknowledge.Thismatterhas
spreadamongthepublicandconfusedthem.WewantYourEminencetoexplainthisissue
mayAllahprotectyou!

A : ItisobligatoryonMuslimstokeeptheirreligionsafeandpurefromanydoubtandnottotakeFatwa
(legalopinionissuedbyaqualifiedMuslimscholar)fromanyoneneitherawrittentext,broadcasted,nor
anyothermeanswhetherthespeakerissecularornot.ItisobligatorytoascertainthesourceofFatwa
becausenotallthepeoplewhogiveFatwaarequalified,butapersonmustascertaintheproofs.The
meaningis:abelievermustkeephisreligionsafeandpureandnottorushthings.Apersonmustnottake
Fatwafromunqualifiedpeoplebuttheymustascertaintheirsourcesinordertoseekthetruth.Theyshould
askthescholarswhoareknownforIstiqamah(integrity)andgoodknowledgeinordertomaketheirreligion
safeandpurefromanydoubt.Allahsays: SoaskthepeopleoftheReminder,ifyoudonotknow. "Thosewhoknow"
referstothescholarswhoknowtheQur'anandtheSunnah,sotheyshouldnotaskthosewhosereligionis
doubtedorpeoplewhodonothaveknowledgeorareknownfortheirdiversionfromthepathofAhlul
SunnahwalJama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody).

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Q2:Canevilbechangedwithoneshand(bytakingaction)?Whoshouldchangeevilwithhis
hand?Please,supporttheanswerwithevidence.MayAllahpreserveyou!

A : Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)describedthebelieversofdenouncingevilandenjoiningwhatis
good.He(ExaltedbeHe)says: Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofone
anothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)from
A lMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslmhasforbidden) Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Let
thereariseoutofyouagroupofpeopleinvitingtoallthatisgood(Islm),enjoiningAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthat
Islmordersonetodo)andforbiddingAlMunkar(polytheismanddisbeliefandallthatIslmhasforbidden). Allah(Exaltedbe
He)alsosays: You[truebelieversinIslmicMonotheism,andrealfollowersofProphetMuhammad)andhis
Sunnah]arethebestofpeopleseverraisedupformankindyouenjoinAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmhas
ordained)andforbidAlMunkar(polytheism,disbeliefandallthatIslmhasforbidden) Therearemanyversesthataffirmthe
dutyofenjoiningwhatisgoodandforbiddingwhatisevil.Thatisbecauseof

(PartNo:6,PageNo:51)

theimportanceofthisissueandthegreatneedforit.

AccordingtoanauthenticHadith,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)says: "Whoever,amongyou,seessomething
abominableshouldrectifyitwithhishandandifhehasnotstrengthenoughtodoit,thenheshouldspeakagainstitandifhehas
notstrengthenoughtodoit,(even)thenheshould(abhorit)fromhisheart,andthatistheleastofFaith." Narratedby
MusliminhisSahih.Changingevilbyone'shandshouldbedonebythosewhoareabletodothatsuchas
rulersandthecompetentauthorityandbodiesinchargeofsuchmattersintheareasoverwhichtheyhave
beenappointed,theemirwithinhisscope,thejudgewithinhisjurisdictions,andamaninhisownhouse
withhischildrenandhouseholdaccordingtohisability.

Butifheisnotabletodothat,orifchangingitwithhishandmayleadtodivisionandconflictorresultin
worseharm,thenheshouldnotchangeitwithhand.Rather,heshouldchangeitwithhistongueby
speakingagainstit.Thatwillbesufficientlestchangingitwithhandshouldleadtoaworseevilthanthat
whichheisseekingtochangeasstatedbythescholars.Inthecaseofchangingevilwithhistongue,itis
sufficientforhimtosay,Omybrother,fearAllah,thisisnotpermitted!Youshouldstopthis!Youshould
dosuchandsuch,etc."inapropermanner.Afterspeakingagainstit,finallycomestheroleofthehearti.e.
tohatetheevilinone'sheart,showthisdislikeopenly,andavoidsittingwiththosewhodoit.Allahisthe
Sourceofstrength.

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Q3:SomepeopletrytodiscredittheyouthofAlSahwahalIslamiyyah(IslamicAwakening)
claimingtheyareextremists.Whatisyourcommentonthis?

A : Itisobligatorytoencourageyouthtodogood.Theiractivitytodogoodshouldbeappreciated.Yet,
theyshouldbeguidedtodosowithleniencyandwisdomwithouthaste,becauseyouthandothershave
excessivejealousythatmaypushthemtocommitforbiddenacts.Botholderpeopleandyouthshouldbe
guidedtoexaminemattersrationallyandseekthetruthinalltheiractions,sotheywillbehaveproperly.
SeeingsomeevilactionsbeingcommittedduringthelifetimeoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim),someone
outofjealousyforAllahsaidtothesinner,"ByAllah!Allahwillnotforgiveyou."Whereas,Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: WhoishewhoadjuresMethatIwouldnotgrantpardontosoandso.Ihavegranted
pardontosoandsoandblottedoutyourdeeds(whotookanoaththatIwouldnotgrantpardontohim). NarratedbyImam
MusliminhisSahih.ThisisbecauseheexceededthelimitsprescribedbyShari`ahwhenswearingthatAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)willnotforgivethesinner.This

(PartNo:6,PageNo:52)

entailsthattheMuslimsshouldmakesureofthingsandbewareofthedangerofthespokenwordand
excessivejealousy.

Indeed,theyouth,olderpeople,andothersareobligedtoremoveMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableor
disapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)buttheyshoulddosowithleniencyand
wisdom.TheyshouldabidebythetextoftheShari`ah(Islamiclaw).Theyshouldnotexceedthelimits
prescribedbyShari`ahlesttheybecomeextremistslikeKhawarij(separatistgroupthatbelievescommittingamajorsin
amountstodisbelief),Mu'tazila(adeviantIslamicsectclaimingthatthosewhocommitmajorsinsareinastatebetweenbeliefand
disbelief),andthosewhofollowedintheirfootsteps.Ontheotherhand,theyshouldnotdecreasetheirefforts
lesttheyshouldcompromiseandabandonthecommandsofAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Rather,theyshouldbe
moderateintheirwords,denial,andseekingthereasonsthatwillhelptheiradviceacceptedandeffective.
Theyshouldavoidthemeansthatmaymakepeoplerefrainfromacceptingtheiradviceorpreventsociety
fromavailingofthem.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andhadyoubeensevereandharshhearted,they
wouldhavebrokenawayfromaboutyou TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saysinanauthenticHadith: Kindnessis
nottobefoundinanythingbutthatitaddstoitsbeautyanditisnotwithdrawnfromanythingbutitmakesitdefective.

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosays: OAllah,who(happensto)acquiresomekindofcontrolovertheaffairsofmy
peopleandiskindtothem,bekindtohim,andwho(happensto)acquiresomekindofcontrolovertheaffairsofmypeopleandis
harduponthem,beharduponhim. NarratedbyImamMusliminhisSahih.fromtheHadithnarratedby`Aishah
(mayAllahbepleasedwithher).

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Q4:Guidingpeopleisthefruitofthespreadofreligiousknowledgeamongthem.However,it
isevidentthatfalsehoodismuchmoreprevalentthroughnewspapers,massmedia,and
educationcurricula.WhatistheopinionofIslamiccallersandscholarsinthisconcern?

A : Indeed,thisisawidespreadfactthroughoutalltheages,forwisdomwilledbyAllah(may
HebePraised).Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Andmostofmankindwillnotbelieveevenifyoudesireiteagerly.
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays, Andifyouobeymostofthoseontheearth,theywillmisleadyoufarawayfromAllhs
Path.

Yet,thismattervariesfromcountrytoanotherandfromatribetoanother.Generally,most
peoplearemisguidedinthisworldinavarietyofwaysfromonecountrytoanother,fromone
villagetoanother,andfromonetribetoanother.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:53)

Thepeopleofknowledgeshouldbeactive.Theyshouldnotbelessactivethanthepeopleof
falsehood.Rather,thefirstshouldbemoreactivethanthelatterinmanifestingtheTruthand
invitingpeopletoacceptitwherevertheyareinroads,cars,planes,spaceships,homes,and
anyplace.Theyshouldforbidevilinawaythatisbestandteachinawaythatisbestwitha
goodstyle,kindness,andleniency.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Invite(mankind,O
Muhammad)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)and
fairpreaching,andarguewiththeminawaythatisbetter. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: AndbytheMercyof
The
Allh,youdealtwiththemgently.Andhadyoubeensevereandharshhearted,theywouldhavebrokenawayfromaboutyou
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)says: Onewhoguidestosomethinggoodhasarewardsimilartothatofitsdoer. The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)says: Kindnessisnottobefoundinanythingbutthatitaddstoitsbeautyanditisnot
withdrawnfromanythingbutitmakesitdefective.

Itisnotpermissibleforscholarstokeepsilentandletthedisobedient,Mubtadi',andignorant
speak.Thisisafatalmistake.ItisoneofthecausesofspreadingevilandBid'ah(innovation
inreligion)anddiminishinggoodandtheSunnah.ThepeopleofKnowledgeshoulddeclarethe
truthandcalltoit.Theyshouldresistevilandwarnagainstit.Doingsomustbebasedon
knowledgeanddeepinsight.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Say(OMuhammad
):"ThisismywayIinviteuntoAllh(i.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)withsureknowledge Thiscanbe
reachedthroughbeingcarefultoacquireknowledgebymeansofstudyingatthehandof
scholarsandaskingthemaboutproblematicmatters,attendingknowledgecircles,recitingthe
NobleQur'anandponderingit,andreviewingauthenticHadithstobenefitfromandspread
knowledgeashelearntitfromscholarsandmentionevidence.ThecallertoIslamshouldhave
thecharacteristicsofdevotion,goodintention,andhumility.Oneshouldcontinuepropagating
knowledgewitheverymightandpower.Letnotthepeopleoffalsehoodbemoreactivein
spreadingtheirfalsehood.YoushouldcovetforwaysthatbenefitMuslimswithregardtotheir
religionandlives.

Itisthedutyofscholars,youngandold,wherevertheymaybe,tospreadtheTruthsupported
byIslamiclegalproof,toendearittopeople,andtomakefalsehoodhatefultothem,and
warnthemagainstit.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirrandAt
Taqw(virtue,righteousnessandpiety) Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: ByAlAsr(thetime). Verily,manisin
loss, Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommendoneanothertothetruth[i.e.
orderoneanothertoperformallkindsofgooddeeds(AlMaruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfromallkindsofsinsandevil
deeds(AlMunkarwhichAllhhasforbidden],andrecommendoneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,andinjurieswhich
onemayencounterinAllhsCauseduringpreachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd).

(PartNo:6,PageNo:54)

Thisisthewayofscholarswherevertheyare.TheycallpeopletoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)and
guidethemtogood.TheyadvisepeoplekindlytoobeyAllah'scommandsandavoidHis
prohibitions,sotheircallcanprovesuccessfulandeveryonewilleventuallywinandescape
theconspiracyofenemies.AllahistheOneWhosehelpissought.

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Q5:Please,explainthefollowingAyahwhereAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says: AllhistheLightofthe
heavensandtheearth.

A : AccordingtotheMuslimscholars,itmeansthatAllah(mayHebePraised)illuminatesboththeheaven
andtheearth.Whateverlightisintheheavenandearth,inthislifeandintheHereafter,isoriginatedfrom
theLightofAllah(mayHebePraised).

Therearetwokindsoflight:(I)AcreatedlightthatexistsintheworldlylifeandintheHereafterandin
Paradiseandamongpeoplei.e.thelightofthemoon,thesun,andstars.Italsoincludesthelightof
electricityandfire.ThislightiscreatedbyAllah(mayHebeExaltedandGlorified).

(II)Thesecondkindisnotcreated.Rather,itisoneoftheAttributesofAllah(mayHebeExaltedand
Glorified).Allah(mayHebeExaltedandPraised),withallHisAttributes,istheCreatorandanythingother
thanHimiscreated.BoththeLightofHisFace(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)andtheLightofHisSelfarenot
created.TheyareoneofHisAttributes(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).

GreatLightisanAttributeofAllah(mayHebePraised).ItisnotcreatedbutitisoneofHisAttributeslike
HisHearing,Sight,Hand,Leg,andotherkindsofHisgreatAttributes(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).Thisis
thetruthfollowedbyAhlAlSunnahwalJama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslim
community).

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Q6:Whatisthetafsir(explanation/exegesisofthemeaningsoftheQur'an)ofAllah's(may
HebeExaltedandGlorified)saying: AndtheTrumpetwillbeblown,andallwhoareintheheavensandallwhoare
ontheearthwillswoonaway,excepthimwhomAllhwills. Towhomdoestheexceptionrefer?

A : Allahknowsbest.Somescholarssaidthattheyaretheangels.Otherssaidthattheyare
themartyrs.ItisAllah(mayHebeExaltedandGlorified)WhobestknowswhatHemeansby
this.

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Q7:IlikecallingpeopletoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andIameagertodosobutmystyleof
callingisnotsogood.Isitsufficientformetochooseareligiousaudiolecturebyacertain
scholartogiveasagifttomyrelativesandMuslimsingeneral?

(PartNo:6,PageNo:55)

A : Ifalectureisgivenbyascholarwhoiswellknownforsoundcreedandvastknowledge,
youwillhavedoneagoodjobtogiveittoMuslimsasagiftandwillhavearewardsimilarto
thatofthemastheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Onewhoguidestosomethinggoodhasareward
similartothatofitsdoer. (NarratedbyImamMusliminhisSahih).

Atthesametime,thereisnoharmifyouspeakaboutwhatyouknowoftruthwithagood
style.Forexample,youcanurgepeopletoofferprayerincongregation,topayZakah,and
warnthemagainstbackbiting,slandering,disobeyingparents,severingtiesofrelationship
andabstainingfromcommittingtheFawahish(Greatsins)thatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)has
forbiddenbecausethesethingsareknowntoallMuslims.

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Q8:IaskYourEminencetoencouragethosewhocalltoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andknowledge
seekerstoholdlessonsandlecturesalloverthecountry,becauseitwasnoticedthatthey
avoidgoingtosomeareaswherethereisashortageofcallersandlazinessonthepartof
knowledgeseekerswhoarereluctanttoholdlessonsandlectures.Theresultislackof
knowledge,ignoranceoftheSunnahteachings,andthespreadofactsofShirkandBid'ah
(InnovationinReligion).MayAllahprotectyou!

A : Thereisnodoubtthatitisobligatoryonscholarswherevertheyaretopropagatetruth,
promulgatetheSunnah,andteachpeople.Theyshouldnotneglectdoingthat.Moreover,the
peopleofknowledgeshouldspreadthetruththroughholdinglessonsinMasjids(mosques)in
theirvicinity,eveniftheyarenotappointedasImams.

OnFridaysermons,theImamofeverymosqueshouldtakecareofhissermonandprepareit
accordingtotheneedsofthepeopleandconcentrateonthepointstheaudiencedoesnot
knowregardingreligiousaffairs.Imamsalsohavecommitmentstotheirneighborsandothers.
Theyshouldenjoingood,forbidevil,calltoIslam,andteachtheignorantwithkindnessand
wisdom.Ifscholarskeepsilent,donotgiveadviceorguidepeople,theignorantwillspeakout
andmisguidepeople.ItisnarratedinanauthenticHadiththattheProphet(peacebeupon
him)said: Indeed,Allahdoesnottakeaway(religious)knowledgebypullingitawayfromthe(chestsof)people.However,Allah
takesthe(religious)knowledgebytakingaway(inflictingdeathon)thescholars,tillwhennoneofthe(religiouslearnedmen)
remains,peoplewilltakeastheirleadersignorantpersons,whowhenconsultedwillgivetheirverdictwithoutknowledge.Sotheywill
goastrayandwillleadthepeopleastray. (NarratedbyImamAlBukhariinhisSahih).

WeaskAllahforsafetyforusandourMuslimbrothersagainsteveryevil.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:56)

Whathasbeenmentionedaboveindicatesthatitisobligatoryonthepeopleofknowledge
wherevertheyareinvillagesandcities,intribes,inthesecountries,andsoontoteachand
guidepeoplewithwhatAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeupon
him)said.TheyshouldenquireaboutthingsthattheydonotknowandrefertotheNoble
Qur'an,Sunnah,andthesayingsofreligiousscholars.

Ascholarshouldcontinuelearninguntilhedies.Heshouldlearnsothathewillknowthings
thathedoesnotknow,refertothesayingsofreligiousscholarstomakehisverdictbasedon
evidence,andteachpeopleandcalltoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)withinsight.

EveryoneneedstolearntillhediesevenifhewasoneoftheCompanions(mayAllahbe
pleasedwiththem).Everyoneneedstoacquireknowledgeandcomprehensionofreligionto
knowandlearn.Thus,allMuslimsarerequiredtostudyandreflectontheNobleQur'an,
authenticHadithandtheircommentaries.Theyshouldcheckthescholars'viewstobenefit
fromthem,knowwhatonedoesnotknow,andteachpeopleathome,schools,institutes,
universities,inmosques,onbuses,planes,oreverywhere,eveninthecemeteryifoneattends
aburialwhilepeoplearestillwaiting.InsuchacasethepersonshouldremindthemofAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)astheProphet(peacebeuponhim)usedtodo.

Tosumup,ascholarshouldtaketheopportunityateverysuitableplaceormeetingand
shouldnotmissthechancetoremindandteachpeoplewithgoodwordsandinakindway.
ScholarsshouldmakesureandbewareofspeakingintheNameofAllahwithoutknowledge.
MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:57)

TheDivineDecree

From`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahibnBaztoourhonorablebrother(...),mayAllahprotecthim!

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

Ihavereceivedyourletter.MayAllahguideyouandgrantyousuccess!Youhavementionedinyourletter
thatyouareabouttowriteabookontheMadhhab(belief)oftherighteousSalaf(righteouspredecessors)
withregardtoDivineDecreewhichmanypeoplehaveerredwhendiscussing.Youhavealsoexpressedyour
wishthatwewriteabrieftreatiseinthisregard.

Onthisoccasion,IaskAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)toguideyoutotheTruth.Itisfirmresolutionand
blesseddetermination.MayAllahgrantyoutheabilitytoclarifytheTruthandclearupdoubts!HeistheMost
Generous!

Iampleasedtoparticipateinthisoutstandingwork.

TheQur'an,theSunnah,andtheIjma`(consensus)oftheSalaf(righteouspredecessors)indicatethatitis
Wajib(Obligatory)tobelieveinDivineDecree,goodorbad.ItisoneofthesixfundamentalsofImani.e.
belief.TheImanofapersonisnevercompleteunlesshebelievesintheDivineDecree.Thisisindicatedin
theQur'anandtheSahih(aHadiththathasbeentransmittedbypeopleknownfortheiruprightnessand
exactitudefreefromeccentricityandblemish)andMutawatir(aHadithreportedbyasignificantnumberof
narratorsthroughoutthechainofnarration,whoseagreementuponalieisimpossible)Hadith,whichwere
reportedfromtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim).Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Know
younotthatAllhknowsallthatisintheheavenandontheearth?Verily,itis(all)intheBook(AlLauhalMahfz).Verilythatiseasy
forAllh. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: NocalamitybefallsontheearthorinyourselvesbutitisinscribedintheBookof
Decrees(AlLauhAlMahfz)beforeWebringitintoexistence.Verily,thatiseasyforAllh. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays:
Verily,WehavecreatedallthingswithQadar(DivinePreordainmentsofallthingsbeforetheircreationaswrittenintheBookof
DecreesAlLauhAlMahfz). ItisrecordedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariand
Muslim)ontheauthorityofAbuHurayrah(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)that

(PartNo:6,PageNo:58)

whenJibril(Gabriel)askedtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)aboutIman,he(peacebeuponhim)replied,
"ImanistobelieveinAllah,HisAngels,HisBook,themeetingwithHim,HisMessengers,theDayofResurrection,anddestiny."Jibril
said,"Youhavetoldthetruth." ThewordingsarefromMuslim.ItisalsorecordedbyMusliminhisSahih
(authentic)BookofHadithontheauthorityofAmirAlMuminin(CommanderoftheBelievers),`UmarIbnAl
Khattab(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thatJibril(peacebeuponhim)askedtheProphet(peacebeupon
him)aboutIman,sotheProphet(peacebeuponhim)replied, "ImanistobelieveinAllah,HisAngels,HisBooks,His
Messengers,theLastDay,anddestinygoodandevil."Jibrilsaid,"Youhavetoldthetruth." ManyHadithshavebeennarrated
tothateffect.

Scholars(mayAllahbemercifulwiththem)statedthatbelievingintheDivineDecreehasfourlevels:

First:TobelievethatAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)kneweverythingbeforeitsexistencethroughHiseternal
Knowledge.Heknewthemeasures,lifespan,andthelivelihoodofHiscreation.Allah(GlorifiedandExalted
beHe)says, Verily,AllhistheAllKnowerofeverything. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: thatyoumayknowthatAllh
haspoweroverallthings,andthatAllhsurroundsallthingsin(His)Knowledge. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andwith
HimarethekeysoftheGhaib(allthatishidden),noneknowsthembutHe.AndHeknowswhateverthereisinthelandandinthe
seanotaleaffalls,butheknowsit.Thereisnotagraininthedarknessoftheearthnoranythingfreshordry,butiswrittenina
ClearRecord. TherearemanyAyahs(Qur'anicVerses)tothesameeffect.

Second:TobelievethatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasrecordedeverythinggoodandbad,gooddeedsandsins,
andlifespanandprovision.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says, KnowyounotthatAllhknowsallthatisintheheavenandon
theearth?Verily,itis(all)intheBook(AlLauhalMahfz).VerilythatiseasyforAllh. ThereareotherAyahstothesame
effect,wehavepreviouslymentionedsomeofthem.ItisrecordedintheTwoSahih(authentic)Booksof
Hadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)ontheauthorityof`Aly(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thattheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said, "ThereisnoneamongyoubuthasaplaceassignedforhimeitherinParadiseorinHellfire."The
Companionssaid:"OMessengerofAllah!Shouldwenotdependuponwhathasbeenwrittenforus(andgiveupdoinggooddeeds)?"
TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)replied,"Continuedoinggooddeeds.Forthegooddeedsaremadeeasyfortheblessed
andbaddeeds

(PartNo:6,PageNo:59)

aremadeeasyforthewretched." ThentheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)recitedAllah'ssaying, Asforhimwhogives(in


charity)andkeepshisdutytoAllhandfearsHim, AndbelievesinAlHusn. TherearemanyotherHadithtothesameeffect.For
example,itisrecordedfrom`AbdullahIbnMas`ud,asintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim),on
www.ircpk.com
thereportofthecreationofthefetusanditslivelihood,death,deeds,andwhethertheywillbeblessedorwretched.

Third:TobelievethatwhateverHedoesnotwilldoesnothappenandnothingoccursintheuniverseexceptbyHiswill.Allah(Exalted
beHe)says, Towhomsoeveramongyouwhowillstowalkstraight. Andyoucannotwillunless(itbe)thatAllhwillstheLordof
the Alamn(mankind,jinnandallthatexists). Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Sowhosoeverwill(lethimreadit),andreceive
admonition(fromit)! AndtheywillnotreceiveadmonitionunlessAllhwillsHe(Allh)istheOne,deservingthatmankindshould
beafraidof,andshouldbedutifultoHim,andshouldnottakeanyIlh(god)alongwithHim,andHeistheOneWhoforgives(sins).
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: IfyourLordhadsowilled,theywouldnothavedoneitsoleavethemalonewiththeirfabrications.
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AllhsendsastraywhomHewillsandHeguidesontheStraightPathwhomHewills. Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndwhomsoeverAllhwillstoguide,HeopenshisbreasttoIslmandwhomsoeverHewills
tosendastray,Hemakeshisbreastclosedandconstricted,asifheisclimbinguptothesky.ThusAllhputsthewrathonthosewho
believenot. TherearemanyAyahsthatstressthismeaning.TheyrefertotheuniversalWillunlikethefollowingAyahs, Allhwishes
tomakeclear(whatislawfulandwhatisunlawful)toyou,andtoshowyouthewaysofthosebeforeyou,andacceptyour
repentance,andAllhisAllKnower,AllWise. Allhwishestoacceptyourrepentance,butthosewhofollowtheirlusts,wishthat
you(believers)shoulddeviatetremendouslyaway(fromtheRightPath). Allhwishestolighten(theburden)foryouandmanwas
createdweak(cannotbepatienttoleavesexualintercoursewithwoman). TheWilli.e.wish,intheseAyahsreferstoHislegislative
Will.ThefirstisneverpreventedwhatAllahwillsmusthappen,asHesays, Verily,HisCommand,whenHeintendsathing,isonly
thatHesaystoit,"Be!"anditis!

AsforHislegalwill,somepeoplemayfollowandothersmaynot.TheseAyahsmeanthatAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)wishestoclarifythe
matterandshowtherightwaytothepeopleandaccepttheirrepentance.However,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:60)

mostmankindweremisguided.TheydidnotrepentorknowtheTruth.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)hassentdowntheevidence
andproofandmadethemclear.HehaslegislatedTawbah(repentance)andstateditsreasonsandways.However,Allahmaywill
thatsomepeoplewillnotbeguidedorrepent.ThisisbecausetheydonotfollowAllah'slegislation,foritispreviouslyencompassedin
Allah'sknowledgethatsoandsowillnotbeamongtheguidedpeopleorthosewhowillbegrantedTawbah.

Thisisagreatresearch.AMuslimshouldcomprehendandrealizeitsproofsinordertoescapethemisleadingdoubtswhichconfuse
manypeoplebecausetheydidnotdifferentiatebetweenbothwills.Toelucidate,abelieveracceptedImanbytheWillofAllahandHis
universalWillandatthesametimehisdeedswereaccordingtothelegislativewill,ashecarriedoutallthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)had
ordaineduponhim.However,adisbelieverdisobeysbytheWillofAllahandHisuniversalDecree,notbyAllah'slegislativewillforhe
didnotobeyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andacceptIslam.Youmustbecarefulwhenwritingthisbook.MayAllahgrantyousuccess!

Fourth:TobelievethatAllahisthesoleCreator.He(ExaltedbeHe)createdeverybeingwithasoul,attributes,andactions.Allbeings
arecreatedbyAllahandeverythingoccursbyHiswill.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)hascreatedthepeople,theirprovision,andtheiractsof
obedienceanddisobedience.Theiractionsareascribedtothem.Thus,theyarerewardedorpunished.Aslaveistherealdoerhe
hasawillandAllahgrantedhimpower.However,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)createdtheslave,hisactions,hiswill,andhispower.Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)says, Certainly,Allhhaspoweroverallthings. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Towhomsoever
amongyouwhowillstowalkstraight. Andyoucannotwillunless(itbe)thatAllhwills Noneofthedeedsoftheslavesexist
outsideHiswillorpower,forAllahistheOmnipotentandtheOmniscient.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, ItisAllhWhohas
createdsevenheavensandoftheearththelikethereof(i.e.seven).HisCommanddescendsbetweenthem(heavensandearth),that
youmayknowthatAllhhaspoweroverallthings,andthatAllhsurroundsallthingsin(His)Knowledge.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:61)

The`Arsh(AllahsThrone),theheavens,theearths,theangels,theseas,therivers,theanimals,etc.werecreatedbyHisWilland
Power.ThereisnoCreatororLordbutHim.Hehasnopartnersinworship,Attributes,andNames.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Allh
istheCreatorofallthings,andHeistheWakl(Trustee,Disposerofaffairs,Guardian)overallthings. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)also
s a y s : AndyourIlh(God)isOneIlh(GodAllh),LilhaillaHuwa(thereisnonewhohastherighttobeworshippedbutHe),the
MostGracious,theMostMerciful. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Say(OMuhammad):"Heis
Allh,(the)One. "AllhusSamad()[AllhtheSelfSufficientMaster,Whomallcreaturesneed,
(Heneithereatsnordrinks)]. "Hebegetsnot,norwasHebegotten. "AndthereisnonecoequalorcomparableuntoHim." Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: ThereisnothinglikeHimandHeistheAllHearer,theAllSeer. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)is
theCreatorandanythingotherthanHimiscreated.HisAttributesarenotcreatedandHiswordsareoneofthem.TheQur'an,the
wordofAllah,wasrevealedtotheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim).Itisnotacreatedbeing,accordingtotheIjma`ofAhlAl
SunnahwhoaretheSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet)andthosewhofollowtheminrighteousnessuntiltheDayofResurrection.

ThesearethefourlevelsoftheDivineDecree.Whoeverbelievesandunderstandsthem,believesinDivineDecree,anditsgoodand
badconsequences.

Scholarshavementionedthesefourlevelsin`Aqidahbooksandhaveclarifieditsproofs.Amongthosewhoexplainedthisissuein
briefisShaykhAlIslamIbnTaymiyyah(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)inhisbook,"Al`AqidahAlWasateyah".However,hisstudent
Abu`AbdullahIbnAlQayyimexplainedthismatterinfullinhisbookentitled,"Shifa'Al`AlilfiMasa'ilAlQada'waAlQadarwaAl
HikmahwaAlTa`lil".Thisisaveryprecious,unique,andusefulbookwerecommendyoutoread.

MayAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)guideusalltoholdfastandunderstandhisreligiondeeply.WeaskHimtoguideallMuslimstoHisStraight
Path.HeistheMostGenerous!Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh!

www.ircpk.com

AdviceforMuslimrulersandscholars

Q:WhilepracticingDa`wah(callingtoIslam)extensivelyinthemostsacredplaceonearth,
whatisyourvaluableadvicefortheMuslimrulersandscholars?

(PartNo:6,PageNo:62)

A : MyadvicefortheMuslimrulersistosticktotheBookofAllahandtheSunnahofHis
Messenger(peacebeuponhim),andapplyitamongthepeopletheyruleaccordingtoAllah's
saying, Andsojudge(youOMuhammad)amongthembywhatAllhhasrevealedandfollownottheirvain
desires,butbewareofthemlesttheyturnyou(OMuhammad)farawayfromsomeofthatwhichAllhhassent
downtoyou.Andiftheyturnaway,thenknowthatAllhsWillistopunishthemforsomesinsoftheirs.Andtruly,mostofmenare
Fsiqn(rebelliousanddisobedienttoAllh). Dotheythenseekthejudgementof(thedaysof)Ignorance?Andwhoisbetterin
judgementthanAllhforapeoplewhohavefirmFaith. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays, Butno,by
yourLord,theycanhavenoFaith,untiltheymakeyou(OMuhammad)judgeinalldisputesbetweenthem,and
findinthemselvesnoresistanceagainstyourdecisions,andaccept(them)withfullsubmission. TherearemanyAyahs
(Qur'anicverses)thatstressthismeaning.

Thus,thehappinessoftheIslamiccountrieswillcometrue,instabilityoftheIslamicworldwill
besettledtherulersandthepeoplewillfindtheirdesiredhappinessandsecurityand
everyonewillgainhappinessandsafetyinthisworldandtheHereafter.

MyadvicetotheMuslimscholarsistoclarifyAlHaqq(theTruth)forthepeoplebytheirwords
andactionspracticeDa`wahsincerelyandcourageouslyandfeartheblameofnoone,as
theycarryaheavyresponsibility,andtheyknowwhatnobodyelseknows.

MayAllahsupportHisreligion,raisehighHisword,andreconciletheheartsofMuslimleaders
andpeopletopleaseHim!MayAllahprotectthemallfromtheeviloftheirdeedsandguide
themtoAlSiratulMustaqim(theStraightPath)!HeistheOneWhoisCapableofdoingso.

www.ircpk.com

APieceofAdvicetotheLeadersofArabCountries

(PartNo:6,PageNo:63)

YourMajestiesandExcellencies,leadersoftheArabcountries,mayAllahguideyoutowhat
p l e a s e s H i m a n d a d j u s t s t h e a f f a i r s o f H i s S e r v a n t s , A m e n . A ssalamu`alaykum
warahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!):

OntheoccasionofthisgreatassemblyuponwhichtheArabnationspingreathopesto
eliminatethetracesofJewishaggression,andtogetridofZionistic(Jews)gangs,andredeemthe
ravishedlandfromtheirhands,IseeitismydutyoutofsinceritytoAllah,HisBook,and
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)andtoyouleaders,inordertoparticipateinpublic
reformationandhaveanexcusebeforeAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)tosendyouthe
followingadvicefromtheIslamicuniversityinthecountryofAlMustafa(theselected
ProphetMuhammad)peacebeuponhim:

First:ObservingTaqwa(fearingAllahasHeshouldbefeared)inallaffairsandrecommending
oneanothertoabidebythereligionofIslam,ruleaccordingtoShari`ah(Islamiclaw),and
fightanydeedsorprinciplescontradictingit,foryouaretheMuslimandArableaders.Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)willadjustyourpeopleandtherestofMuslimsinsha'aAllah(IfAllahwills)as
youbecomeuprightandunified.Moreover,youallknowthatyouwillachievenodignity,
strength,reverence,orvictoryoveryourenemiesexceptbyabidingbyIslamandits
instructions,rulinginaccordancewithitaspreviouslyhappenedwithyourSalaf(righteous
predecessors),whowereaccordinglygrantedAllah'sSupportandVictory,asHe(Glorifiedbe
He)promisedtheminHissaying: Ifyouhelp(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,andmakeyourfootholdfirm.
Overandabove,Islamincludesthesolutiontoallproblems,thereformofallaffairs,andthe
fulfillmentofequityamongallpeopleprovidedthatthereisagoodintention,greatefforts
exerted,andthatthingsareassignedtotherightpersons.

Second:Havingkindness,tolerance,andunityofpurpose,thatisto

(PartNo:6,PageNo:64)

followtheShari`ah(Islamiclaw),quitwhatevercontradictswithit,acttowardsgettingridof
thetracesoftheJewishaggression,andeliminatethesocalledIsraelistate.Alleffortsand
forcesshouldbeconcertedforthisnobleaim,togetherwithseekingAllah'sSupportinthis,to
followAllah'sSaying(GlorifiedbeHe): Andmakereadyagainstthemallyoucanofpower AndHisSaying
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe): Oyouwhobelieve!Takeyourprecautions inadditiontootherAyahsand
Hadithsstressingthismeaning.

Third:Formingajointandunitedarmyequippedwiththemostadvancedavailableweapons
underaunifiedreliableleadership.Thisleadershipshoulddependonacouncilcomposedof
theministersofdefense,generalstaffofallArabarmies,andwhoeverlikestojointhemfrom
Islamiccountries.Thecouncilshallfollowfirmrulesbasedoncarefullystudiedfundamentals
byall,hopingtoreachtherequiredtarget.Thegreatwelfare,caution,andpursuanceofthe
wiseinstructionsanddirectionsoftheShari`ahthiscouncilmayleadtoiswellknown.
Additionally,ithelpsinactingaccordingtoAllah'sSaying(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)toHis
Prophet(peacebeuponhim): andconsultthemintheaffairs. Describingthebelievers,Allah(Exalted
beHe)says: andwho(conduct)theiraffairsbymutualconsultation

Fourth:Keeptononalignmentandfairnesswithoutallyingwithanyeasternorwesternbloc.
Exerteffortstobeoneindependentblocthatbenefitsfromtheexpertiseandweaponsof
otherswithoutanybiasorinterferencefromothersinitsinteriorandexterioraffairs.Itis
quiteclearthatthisnonalignmentwouldmostcertainlyprovesafertotheDinandlife,more
perfectinhavingdignity,pride,reverence,andsecurityagainsttheinterferenceofenemiesin
youraffairsandknowingyoursecrets.Itisauthenticallyreportedthat TheMessenger(peacebeupon
him)toldamanwhowantedtojoinhimattheBattleofBadr,"HaveyouembracedIslam?"Themansaid,"No."Whereupon,he
(peacebeuponhim)said,"Goback,forwewillnotseekthehelpofaMushrik(whoassociatesotherswithAllahinworship). This
tookplaceeventhoughhe(peacebeuponhim)hiredaMushrikguideduringhisemigration
journeytoMadinah,andborrowedsomeshieldsfromtheMushrikunonthedayofHunayn.This
indicatesthatusingtheenemies'weaponsandbenefitingfromtheirexpertiseispermissible
anddoesnotfallunderseekingtheirsupport,whichwasprohibitedbytheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)inthepreviousHadith.Thisissolongasthey

(PartNo:6,PageNo:65)

donotinterfereinouraffairsorparticipateinourarmy.

ThisiswhatIwantedtosaytoyou.AllahistheOnetobesoughtforadjustingyourhearts www.ircpk.com
anddeeds,guidingyoutotherightpath,unifyingyourwordsforthewelfareofallMuslims,
andtothevictoryoveryourenemy.HeistheAllAbletodothis.Assalamu`alaykumwa
rahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbewithyou).

VicePresidentoftheIslamicUniversity, AlMadinahAlMunawarah

`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaz

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:66)

Generaladvice

AllPraiseisduetoAllah,theLordofalltheworlds.PeaceandblessingsbeonHisservantandMessenger
ourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,andhisCompanions.

Tocommence:ThisissomeadviceIoffertoremindmyMuslimbrothersofAllah'sRightsandtocallpeople
toobeyHim,asHesays: Andremind(bypreachingtheQurn,OMuhammad),forverily,thereminding
profitsthebelievers. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,righteousness
andpiety)butdonothelponeanotherinsinandtransgression. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: ByAlAsr(thetime).
Verily,manisinloss, Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommendoneanother
tothetruth[i.e.orderoneanothertoperformallkindsofgooddeeds(AlMaruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfromallkinds
ofsinsandevildeeds(AlMunkarwhichAllhhasforbidden],andrecommendoneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,and
injurieswhichonemayencounterinAllhsCauseduringpreachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd). TheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said: Religionisbasedonadvisingoneanother.Uponthiswesaid:"Forwhom?"Hereplied:"ForAllah,
HisBook,HisMessengerandfortheleadersandthegeneralMuslims." (RelatedbyMuslim)

Thegreatestthing,whichIcommendyouandmyselfwith,istofearAllah(HemaybeGlorified)inall
conditions.ThisistherecommendationofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Andverily,WehaverecommendedtothepeopleoftheScripturebeforeyou,andtoyou(O
Muslims)thatyou(all)fearAllh TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidtohisCompanionsinmanyKhutbah
(religioussermons): IenjoinyoutoobserveTaqwa(fearingAllahasHeshouldbefeared),andtohearandobey... The
realityofTaqwa(fearingAllahasHeshouldbefeared)istodoAllah'sordinancesandavoidHis
prohibitions.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)commandspeoplewithpietyandpromisesthepioustorelievetheir
distresses,facilitatetheiraffairs,doubletheirrewards,andprovidethemwithsustenancefromwherethey
donotconceive.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Omankind!FearyourLordandbedutifultoHim!Verily,theearthquakeofthe
Hour(ofJudgement)isaterriblething. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!KeepyourdutytoAllhand
fearHim,andspeak(always)thetruth. Hewilldirectyoutodorighteousgooddeedsandwillforgiveyouyoursins.Andwhosoever
obeysAllhandHisMessenger(),hehasindeedachievedagreatachievement(i.e.hewillbesavedfromthe
HellfireandwillbeadmittedtoParadise). Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndwhosoeverfearsAllhandkeepshisdutyto
Him,Hewillmakeawayforhimtogetout(fromeverydifficulty). AndHewillprovidehimfrom(sources)henevercouldimagine.
AndwhosoeverputshistrustinAllh,thenHewillsufficehim. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: andwhosoeverfearsAllh
andkeepshisdutytoHim,Hewillexpiatefromhimhissins,andwillenlargehisreward.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:67)

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: SokeepyourdutytoAllhandfearHimasmuchasyoucanlistenandobey,andspendin
charitythatisbetterforyourselves.Andwhosoeverissavedfromhisowncovetousness,thentheyarethesuccessfulones. There
arenumerousandwellknownAyahswhichexhortpietyandexplaintherewardsetforthepiousandthe
plentifulgoodwhichtheywillhave.

Itisobligatoryonus,dearMuslimbrothers,tofearAllah(mayHebePraisedandGlorified)insecretandin
publicandinadversityandinprosperitybydoingtheformsofobediencewhichHehasordaineduponyou,
suchasSalah,Zakahandsoon,andavoidwhatHehasforbiddensuchassinsanddeniableacts.So
whoeverdoeswhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasordainedandavoidwhatHehasforbidden,desiringforHis
rewardandfearingofHispunishment,willbeofthepiouswhoarepromisedsalvationandhappinessinthis
worldandintheHereafter.Thegreatestthing,whichaservantmustobserve,istodevoteworshiptoAllah
AloneandavoidShirk(associatingothersinworshipwithAllah).Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: AndyourLordhas
decreedthatyouworshipnonebutHim. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: SoworshipAllh(Alone)bydoingreligiousdeeds
sincerelyforAllhssakeonly. Surelythereligion(i.e.theworshipandtheobedience)isforAllhonly. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)
alsosays: Andtheywerecommandednot,butthattheyshouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfrom
ascribingpartnerstoHim),andperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt)andgiveZakt Thisisthemeaningof"Lailahailla
Allah"(thereisnodeitybutAllah)becauseitsmeaningaccordingtoIjma`(consensusofscholars)is:"No
deityisworthyofworshipexceptAllah."Allah(HemaybeGlorified)saysinSurahAlHajj: Thatisbecause
AllhHeistheTruth(theonlyTrueGodofallthatexists,WhohasnopartnersorrivalswithHim),andwhatthey(thepolytheists)
invokebesidesHim,itisBtil(falsehood). So,whoeveroffersSalah,observesSawm(fasting),prostratesor
supplicatestootherthanAllahsuchasthedead,trees,stonesandsuchlike,associatespartnerswithAllah
andnullifiesthemeaningof"LailahaillaAllah".Likewise,thosewhoslaughterforotherthanAllah,i.e.the
Awliya'(piouspeople)andJinninordertodrawneartothemorforfearoftheirevil,alltheirdeedsareacts
ofShirk,whichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)prohibitedandthreateneditspeoplewithHellfire.Allah(Exaltedbe
He)says: Say(OMuhammad):"Verily,mySalt(prayer),mysacrifice,myliving,andmydyingareforAllh,
theLordofthe Alamn(mankind,jinnandallthatexists). Hehasnopartner. "Nusuk"meansslaughtering.Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: ThereforeturninprayertoyourLordandsacrifice(toHimonly). Allah(ExaltedbeHe)also
says: Verily,AllhforgivesnotthatpartnersshouldbesetupwithHim(inworship),butHeforgivesexceptthat(anythingelse)to
whomHewills Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Verily,whosoeversetsuppartners(inworship)withAllh,thenAllhhas
www.ircpk.com

forbiddenParadisetohim,andtheFirewillbehisabode.AndfortheZlimn(polytheistsandwrongdoers)therearenohelpers.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:68)

TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: HewhomeetsAllahwithoutassociating
anythingwithHimwillenterParadiseandhewhomeetsHimassociating(anything)withHimwillenterFire. TheProphet(may
Allah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: Whoeverdieswhilestillinvokingarival(inworship)toAllah,will
enterHell(Fire). TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: Allahhascursedtheone
whoslaughters(asacrifice)tootherthanAllah. AmongtheactsofAlShirkulAsghar(minorformofassociating
othersinworshipwithAllah)areshowingoffandswearingbyotherthanAllah(ExaltedbeHe),suchas
swearingwith A lKa`bah,theProphet(peacebeuponhim),honestyandcreatures.TheProphet's(peacebe
uponhim)said: ThemostdreadfulthingIfearformyUmmahistheAlShirkulAsghar(minorformofassociatingothersin
worshipwithAllah).WhenhewasaskedabouttheAlShirkulAsghar,he(peacebeuponhim)said:"Riya'(showingoff)". The
Prophet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: "Whoeverhastotakeanoathshouldswearby
Allahorremainsilent."(i.e.HeshouldnotswearbyotherthanAllah.) (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim).The
Prophet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: HewhoswearsbyanyoneotherthanAllahis
committinganactofdisbelieforpolytheism. (RelatedbyAbuDawudandAlTirmidhy)fromIbn`Umar(mayAllahbe
pleasedwiththem)withanauthenticchainofnarration.ImamAhmadreportedfrom`UmarIbnAlKhattab(may
Allahbepleasedwithhim)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: HewhoswearsbyanythingotherthanAllah
iscommittinganactofpolytheism. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: HewhoswearsbyAmanah(trust)isnotoneof
u s . TherearenumerousHadithsregardingtheprohibitionoftakinganoathwithotherthanAllah(Exalted
beHe)andwarningagainstdoingso.So,itisobligatoryonallMuslimstobewareofthis,onlyswearwith
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)andbesincereinthat,becauseswearingbyanythingthatcontainsglorificationand
Allah(HemaybeGlorified)istheOnlyOnewhoDeservesglorificationandrespect.AmongthetypesofAl
Shirku lAsghar(minorformofassociatingothersinworshipwithAllah)arethesaying:"whatAllahwills
andwhatyouwill","thisisagrantfromAllahandfromyou","exceptforAllahandyou,Iwouldbesuch
andsuch","exceptforAllahandsoandso,Iwouldbesuchandsuch"andthelike.Allthesephrasesare
kindsofAlShirkulAsghar,accordingtotheProphet'ssaying: Donotsay,"WhatAllahwillsandsoandsowills,"but
say:"WhatAllahwillsandafterwardssoandsowills." Ibn`Abbassaidaboutthesayingofapersontohisfriend:"What
Allahwillsandwhatyouwill"and"ItisonlythesupportofAllahandsoandso,..."alltheseareformsof
Shirk. AmansaidtotheProphet(peacebeuponhim),"AsAllahandyoudesire."TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said,"Doyou
makemearivaltoAllah?Say:WhatAllahalonedesires." So,itisobligatoryoneveryMuslimtounderstandhis
religion,bewareofShirkwhetherlittleormuch,tounderstandthereligionandaskaboutwhatheorshe
doesnotknow.Allah(mayHebePraisedandExalted)says: SoaskthepeopleoftheReminder,ifyoudonotknow.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:69)

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: SobeafraidofAllhandAllhteachesyou.AndAllhistheAllKnowerofeachand
everything. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: IfAllahwantstodogoodtoaperson,Hemakeshimcomprehendthe
religion. Thedeniableactsalsoincludesorcery,soothsaying,badomen,andwearingamuletswhether
includingAyahsfromtheQur'anorotherwordsorthosewhichtheirmeaningsarenotknown.Itis
authenticallyreportedinaHadiththattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Avoidthesevengreatdestructive
sins."Thepeopleenquire,"OAllah'sMessenger!Whatarethey?"Hesaid,"TojoinothersinworshipalongwithAllah,topractice
sorcery,tokillthelifewhichAllahhasforbiddenexceptforajustcause,(accordingtoIslamiclaw),toeatupRiba(usury),toeatup
anorphan'swealth,togivebacktotheenemyandfleeingfromthebattlefieldatthetimeoffighting,andtoaccusechastewomen,
whonevereventhinkofanythingtouchingtheirchastityandaregoodbelievers. AnNasa'ynarratedfromAbuHurayrah(may
Allahbepleasedwithhim)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Whoevertiedaknotandblewonit,has
committedsorceryandwhoevercommittedsorceryhascommittedShirk(Polytheism).Whoeverwearsanamuletortalismanwillbe
lefttoit. TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: Heisnotofus:theonewhosees
omensorhasomensseenforhimpredictsorhasthefuturepredictedforhimperformsmagicorhasmagicperformedforhimand
whoevergoestoasoothsayerandbelieveswhathesays,hasdisbelievedinwhathasbeensentdownuponMuhammad. (may
Allah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim).ImamMuslimnarratedinhisSahih(bookofauthenticHadiths)that
theProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)said: Hewhovisitsadivinerandaskshimaboutanything,
hisprayersextendingtofortynightswillnotbeaccepted. TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)
alsosays: Spells,charms,andlovepotionsarepolytheism. TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeupon
him)alsosays: Thereisnoharmintheincantationwhichdoesnotsmackofpolytheism. (RelatedbyMuslim).The
amulet,whosemeaningisnotknown,mustbeavoidedforfearofShirk.ImamAhmad(mayAllahbe
mercifulwithhim)narratedfromUqbahibnAmirthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Ifonetiesanamulet,
Allahwillnotaccomplishhisaffairsforhimandifonetiesacowrieshell,Allahwillnotprotecthim. Inanothernarration:
Whoeverwearsanamulethascommittedanactofpolytheism. IbnMas`ud(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)saidthe
MessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said: Takingomensispolytheismtakingomensispolytheism. Itisrecorded
i n A lMusnadfrom`Abdullahibn`AmribnAl`Aas(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)thattheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)said: "Whoeverispreventedfromdoingsomethingbecauseofhisbeliefinomenswillbecommittinganactof
polytheism.They(thehearers)said:'Whatistheexpiationforthat,Allah'sMessenger?'Hesaid:"Thatistosay:'OAllah,thereisno
goodbutYours,therearenoomensbutYoursandthereisnogodbutYou.'' TherearenumerousHadithswarningagainst
soothsaying,sorcery,pessimism,andaskingandbelievingsorcerers,soitisobligatoryonMuslimsto
bewareofthesedeniableacts

(PartNo:6,PageNo:70)

andcorrectthepeoplewhokeepondoingthemforfearofthepunishmentofAllah(ExaltedbeHe),seeking www.ircpk.com
HisrewardandobeyingthecommandsoftheMessenger(peacebeuponhim).Amongthegreatestdeniable
actsthatmustbeavoidedandwarnedagainstistheabandonmentandneglectofSalah(prayer)and
congregationalSalah.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Guardstrictly(fiveobligatory)AsSalawt(theprayers)especiallythe
middleSalt(i.e.thebestprayerAsr). Allah(HemaybeGlorified)says: AndperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),and
giveZaktandbowdown(orsubmityourselveswithobediencetoAllh)alongwithArRakin. Itisauthenticallyreported
fromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)thathesaid: WhatmakesoneadisbelieverandapolytheistisabandoningSalah
(Prayer). TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: Thatwhichdifferentiatesusfrom
thedisbelieversandhypocritesisourperformanceofSalah(Prayer).Hewhoabandonsit,becomesadisbeliever. Itisrelatedin
theTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)fromIbn`Umarthathesaidthe
MessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said: Islamwasbasedonfivepillars:testimonythatthereisnoGodbutAllahand
thatMuhammadistheMessengerofAllahperformingSalah(Prayer),givingZakahfastingRamadanandperformingHajj
(pilgrimage). AmongthemostimportantdutiesofSalahandthebestdeclarationoftheritesofIslamis
performanceofSalah(Prayer)inMasjids(mosques)incongregationastheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
andhisCompanionsusedtodo.Itisauthenticallyreportedthathesaid: IwasgoingtoorderthattheSalah
(Prayer)becommenced,thenorderamantoleadthepeopleinSalah,thenIwouldgowithsomemenhavingwiththembundlesof
woodtoapeoplenotattendingtheSalahandburntheirhousesonthemwithfire. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)also
said: "Whoeverheardthecall(adhaan)andhedidnotcometoit(Prayer),thenthereisnoprayerforhimexceptwithanexcuse.
IbnMas`ud(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)said:"HewholikestomeetAllahtomorrowasMuslim,heshould
keeptotheseprayerswhenacallisannouncedforthem.AllahhaslaiddownforyourProphetthepathsof
rightguidance,andthese(prayers)areamongthepathsofrightguidance.Ifyouweretoprayinyour
housesasthismanwhystaysaway(fromthemosque)praysinhishouse,youwouldabandonthepractice
ofyourProphet,andifyouweretoabandonthepracticeofyourProphet,youwouldgoastray.Thereisno
manpurifyinghimself,doingitwellandgoingtooneofthesemosqueswithoutAllahrecordingablessing
forhimforeverystephetakesraiseshimadegreeforit,andeffacesasinfromhimforit.Ihaveseenthe
timewhennoonestayedawayfromit(Prayerincongregation)exceptahypocrite,whowaswellknownfor
hishypocrisyorasickperson,whereasamanwouldbebroughtswaying(duetoweakness)betweentwo
mentillhewassetupinarow.(RelatedbyMuslim).

(PartNo:6,PageNo:71)

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)informedthepeopleinHisBookthatneglectingSalahisoneofthequalitiesofthe
hypocrites.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Verily,thehypocritesseektodeceiveAllh,butitisHeWhodeceivesthem.And
whentheystandupforAsSalt(theprayer),theystandwithlazinessandtobeseenofmen,andtheydonotrememberAllhbut
little. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)saysabouthypocrites: Andnothingpreventstheircontributionsfrombeingacceptedfrom
themexceptthattheydisbelievedinAllhandinHisMessenger(Muhammad),andthattheycamenottoAsSalt
(theprayer)exceptinalazystate,andthattheyoffernotcontributionsbutunwillingly. ItisrelatedintheTwoSahih
(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Themost
burdensomeprayersforthehypocritesarethe`Isha'(Night)PrayerandtheFajr(Dawn)Prayer.Iftheyweretoknowtheblessings
theyhaveinstore,theywouldhavecometothem,eveniftheyhadtocrawl. So,itisobligatoryonyou,Muslims,tokeep
tothefiveobligatorydailySalahinMasjid,exchangeadvice,rebukethosewholagbehind,abandonthose
whodothisandnotaccompanythemanymoreuntiltheyrepenttoAllah(ExaltedbeHe),followtheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)andhisCompanionsandkeepawayfromresemblingthehypocriteswhomAllah
threatenedwiththelowestgradeoftheFire.

WeaskAllahtograntyouandussafety,goodhealthandsuccessinallthatpleasesHim.MayAllahreform
ourheartsandactionsandmakeusfearHimandobserveouractionsbeforeHim!WeaskHimtomakeHis
religionsuperior,toletdownHisenemies,toguideourrulersandalltheMuslimrulerstowhichpleases
Him,toreformtheirretinuesandtoprotectallMuslimsfromthemisleadingturmoilAmen.Maypeaceand
blessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,andCompanions!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:72)

AdviceforKingFaysalibn`Abdul`Aziz

concerningDa`wah

F r o m`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahibnBaztoHisMajestyKingFaysalibn`Abdul`AzizmayAllahguidehimtoall
goodnessandblesshislife.Amen.

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

MayAllahprotectyou,yourHighnessassumesahighpostwhichisthehopeoftheMuslimsafterAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),asyouaretheCustodianoftheQiblah(directionfacedforPrayertowardsthe
Ka`bah)oftheMuslimsandtheplacewheretheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)migrated.From
thisblessedplace,theMessagebeganandenlightenedtheworldthefirstgenerationofMuslimscarriedthe
responsibilityofenlightenmentofthewholeworldandtheysacrificedthemselvesandtheirmoneyinthe
CauseofAllah,sotheworldsubmittedtothemandIslamprevailed.

Beingtherulerofthisblessedcountryandhavinginheritedthelegacyofyournoblepredecessors,you
shouldundoubtedlybeartheresponsibilityofDa`wah(callingtoIslam)andJihad(fightingintheCauseof
Allah)asmuchaspossible.Asyouhavedonethis,praisebetoAllahthatHehasenabledyoutodoit.

Allah(ExaltedbeHe),whoistheMostTruthfulOne,warnstheUmmah(nation)againsthidingAlHaqq(the
Truth)andencouragesthemtoperformJihadandDa`wahinHissaying, (Andremember)whenAllhtooka
covenantfromthosewhoweregiventheScripture(JewsandChristians)tomakeit(thenewsofthecomingofProphetMuhammad
andthereligiousknowledge)knownandcleartomankind,andnottohideit He(ExaltedbeHe)also
says, AsforthosewhostrivehardinUs(OurCause),WewillsurelyguidethemtoOurPaths(i.e.AllhsreligionIslmic
Monotheism).Andverily,AllhiswiththeMuhsinn(gooddoers)." He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays, Indeedin
theMessengerofAllh(Muhammad)youhaveagoodexampletofollowforhimwhohopesfor(theMeetingwith)
AllhandtheLastDay He(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays, Andwhoisbetterinspeechthanhewho[says:"MyLordisAllh
(believesinHisOneness),"andthenstandsfirm(actsuponHisOrder),and]invites(men)toAllhs(IslmicMonotheism),anddoes
righteousdeeds,andsays:"IamoneoftheMuslims." TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidinhisKhutbah(sermon)
whichhedeliveredintheFarewellHajj, Behold!Letthosewhoarepresentconveytothosewhoareabsent.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:73)

He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid, Convey(myteachings)tothepeople,evenifitisasinglesentence. Praisebeto


Allah,therearemanymeansofcommunicationinthisageamongthewholeworld,whichfacilitates
Da`wah.YourMajestyistheonenowresponsibleforconveyingAllah'sorderstoHisslaves,whichis
undoubtedlyagreatresponsibilitythatrequiresseriousefforts,patience,andpersistence.

OntheoccasionofthetwentyfifthanniversaryoftheestablishmentoftheUnitedNations,whichcomesnext
June,andtowhichthekingsandpresidentsofthemembercountriesareinvitedtodeliveraspeech,I
imploreYourMajestythatyouseizethisopportunitytoperformDa`wahandcallforreferringtoShari`ah
(Islamiclaw)inthismeetingthatshallbeattendedbymostoftheIslamicworldleadersandothers.You
shouldalsoclarifytothemthemeritsofIslam,thatitisthetruereligionwhichisperfectforeverytimeand
place,thatitleadstothebenefitofthisworldandtheHereafter,thatitisthereligionofhappinessand
success,thatitistheonlywaytosavethelosthumanityfromthedarknessofignorancetotheshoreof
safety,andthatitistheonlywaytosolvealltheproblemsofhumanity.Youshouldalsoexplaintothem
thattheMessageofProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)isgeneraltoallpeopleandwhoeverobeys
himentersJannah(Paradise)andwhoeverdisobeyshimentersHellfire,whichclearsyourconscienceand
establishesevidenceagainstthem.

IhopethatYourMajestygainshighrankandgloryinthisworld,andwinhighranksinJannahinthe
afterworld.

OutofkeennessonyourinterestandthatoftheMuslims,truthfuladvice,cooperationinrighteousnessand
piety,anddesiretospreadIslamicDa`wahamongthepeople,Idecidedtoremindyouofthatimportant
matter.YourMajestyknowstherealityandthecorruption,dissolution,atheismanddeviationthathave
afflictedtheworldnowadays.

Ihopethatyoutakecareofthismatterandapplyit.MayAllahsetrightyouraffairs,helpyousetrightthe
affairs,guideyou,helpyouguideothers,increaseyourhonorinthisworldandintheHereafter,makeyou
beneficialto

(PartNo:6,PageNo:74)

thepeople,andsavethemfromKufr(disbelief)andmisguidancetorighteousnessandguidancethanksto
yourcall.HeistheMostGenerousOne. www.ircpk.com
Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh.

VicePresidentoftheIslamicUniversityinMadinah

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:75)

Shari`ahStance

ontheIraqiInvasionofKuwait

InthenameofAllah,theMostGracious,theMostMerciful.

AllPraiseisduetoAllahtheLordofalltheWorlds.Thebestoutcomeisforthepiousandtherewillbeno
aggressionexceptagainsttheoppressors.PeaceandblessingsbeuponHisservant,Messenger,closeone,
trusteeforHisrevelation,ourImamandMasterMuhammadibn`Abdullah,hisfamily,hisCompanionsand
thosewhofollowhispathandhisSunnah.

Tocommence:DearMuslimbrothersallovertheworld,inthewakeoftheeventsthattookplaceonthe
11thofAlMuharram,1411A.H.theopenaggressionandsinfulactionscommittedbythepresidentofIraq
againstKuwaitwhenhisarmyinvadedKuwaitwithallkindsofdestructiveweaponsandthenwhathappened
becauseofthisgreatcorruptionsuchasbloodshedding,lootingmoney,dishonoringandthedislocationof
civilpeople,

questionswerefrequentlyaskedaboutwhatshouldbedoneinthisregard.ItismydutytoinformMuslims
abouttherulingonthisactionandwhataMuslimshoulddointhisregard.

Nodoubt,thisactionis terribleandamanifestaggressionagainstaneighboringsecurecountry.Itis
obligatoryonallMuslimandnonMuslimcountriesaswellasallMuslimstodenyanddenouncesuchactions
andexplainhowsinfulaggressionandoppressionare!

ItisobligatoryonthepresidentofIraqtowithdrawhisarmyfromKuwaitandbewareoftheconsequencesof
aggressioninthisworldandintheHereafter,becauseoppressionleadstoabadend.Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)saysinHisBook: AndtheZlimn(polytheistsandwrongdoers)willhaveneitheraWal(protectoror
guardian)norahelper. Allah(mayHebePraisedandGlorified)says: Andwhoeveramongyoudoeswrong(i.e.setsup
rivalstoAllh),Weshallmakehimtasteagreattorment. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)says: Beonyourguardagainst
committingoppression,foroppressionisadarknessontheDayofRecompnese.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:76)

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)reportedthatAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: OMyservants,Ihave
madeinjusticeunlawfulforMeandmadeitunlawfulforyou,sodonotwrongoneanother.

Thereisnodoubtthatthisaggressionisoneofugliesttypesofoppressions.Itisagainsttheteachingsof
IslamicShari`ahandagainsttheinternationalconventionswhichdemandaquickandjustpunishmentfor
thedoer.Problemsthateruptbetweenneighbors,tribesandcountriescannotbesolvedthroughinjustice
andaggressionbutthroughdiplomaticchannels,compromiseorlegalarbitration.Asforsolvingthem
throughinjustice,aggression,weapons,killingofinnocents,lootingmoneyandothertypesofcorruption,
thisisnotsustainedbyShari`ah,internationaltreaties,orcustomsbutisagainstthem.

ItisobligatoryonMuslimandnonMuslimcountriesArabsandnonArabstodenounceitwhichhas
alreadyhappenedandthewholeworldunanimouslyagreedondenouncingit.Nodoubt,itisworthyof
denouncing.So,itisobligatoryonIraqtowithdrawitsarmyfromKuwait,hastenindoingthis,stopthis
seriousproblem,andsolvetheproblembetweenitandKuwaitindiplomaticchannelswhicharedeclaredby
Islam.Muslimsaretobeaccustomedtothediplomaticchannelsaswellaseveryonewithdeepinsightand
desiretoknowthetruthandjustice.

Thisissueisthesameasallotherproblemsthattakeplaceamongpeoplewhetherbetweencountries,tribes
orothers.Theymustbesolvedthroughpeacefulmeansanditisprohibitedtobesolvedthroughinjustice
andaggression.PeacemakingamongMuslimsispermissibleasAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says:
andmakingpeaceisbetter. ItisreportedintheauthenticHadiththattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said:
PeacemakingbetweenMuslimsispermissibleexceptthepeacemakingthatmakeslawfulasunlawfulandunlawfulaslawful. When
peacemakingthatdoesnotcontradicttheShari`ahiseasyandjusticeisascertained,itispermissible.
However,whenitisnoteasy,wemustresorttotheArbitrationofAllahasHesaysintheQur'an: Oyouwho
believe!ObeyAllhandobeytheMessenger(Muhammad),andthoseofyou(Muslims)whoareinauthority.
(And)ifyoudifferinanythingamongstyourselves,referittoAllhandHisMessenger(),ifyoubelieveinAllhand
intheLastDay.Thatisbetterandmoresuitableforfinaldetermination.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:77)

ScholarsagreedthatreferringissuestoAllahmeanstoresorttotheBookofAllahandreferringtothe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)meanstoresorttohimduringhislifetimeandtohisauthenticreported
SunnahafterhisdeaththisisbetterforMuslimsandalsoleadstoagoodendwhichisthedutyonthose
whobelieveinAllahandtheLastDay.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andinwhatsoeveryoudiffer,the www.ircpk.com
Thisisgeneralinallproblems,whicheruptbetweencountries
decisionthereofiswithAllh(HeistherulingJudge).
andpeoples.Allah(mayHebePraisedandGlorified)says: Butno,byyourLord,theycanhavenoFaith,untilthey
makeyou(OMuhammad)judgeinalldisputesbetweenthem Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Dothey
thenseekthejudgementof(thedaysof)Ignorance?AndwhoisbetterinjudgementthanAllhforapeoplewhohavefirmFaith.
So,itisobligatoryonallcountries,groups,tribesandMuslimstoresorttoAllahinarbitrationregardingthe
issuesinwhichtheydifferandtobewareofaggression,injusticeandtosolvetheproblemswhicherupt
amongthemthroughpeacefulmeansandreasonablegoodmediation.Incaseitisnoteasytodoso,they
mustresorttoIslamicarbitrationnottoaggressionandinjustice.TheproblembetweenKuwaitandIraqmust
besolvedthroughaShar`ycourtcomposedofscholarswhoareknownfortheirgoodknowledge,virtue
andintegritytosolveitaccordingtotheBookofAllahandtheSunnahoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
incasepeacemakingisimpossible.Thus,wecansolvealltheseproblemswhichoccurandtakeplaceinthe
MuslimorArabcountriesthroughreconciliationifitiseasywithoutresortingtoaggressionandinjustice.
Thereisnodoubtthatcorruption,evilandinjusticethattakeplaceamongpeoplearenaturalresultsof
crimesandsins,asAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysinHisBook: Andwhateverofmisfortunebefallsyou,it
isbecauseofwhatyourhandshaveearned.AndHepardonsmuch.(SeetheQurnVerse35:45).

(PartNo:6,PageNo:78)

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Whateverofgoodreachesyou,isfromAllh,butwhateverofevilbefallsyou,isfrom
yourself. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Evil(sinsanddisobediencetoAllh)hasappearedonlandandsea
becauseofwhatthehandsofmenhaveearned(byoppressionandevildeeds),thatHe(Allh)maymakethemtasteapartofthat
whichtheyhavedone,inorderthattheymayreturn(byrepentingtoAllh,andbeggingHisPardon).

ItisobligatoryonMuslimstorepenttoAllahofallsinsbyregrettingthepastsins,stopdoingtheminthe
meantimeandtohavesincereintentionsnottorepeattheminfuture.Thisisthemeaningofsincere
repentance.Whenthesininvolvestherightsofpeople,apersonmustasktheforgivenessoftheoppressed
onesandgivethembacktheirrightsbecauserepentancewillnotbecompleteexceptbydoingthis.Allah
(mayHebePraisedandGlorified)says: AndallofyoubegAllhtoforgiveyouall,Obelievers,thatyoumaybesuccessful
ThereisgreatsuccessandvictoryinrepentanceandsafetyfromallevilsoftheworldandoftheHereafter.
Allah(HemaybePraised)says:TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)says: Oyouwhobelieve!TurntoAllhwith
sincererepentance!ItmaybethatyourLordwillexpiatefromyouyoursins,andadmityouintoGardensunderwhichriversflow
(Paradise) TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: Hewhorepentsfromhissinsis
liketheonewhodidnotcommitasin.

MuslimsmustobservetheiractionsbeforeAllah,sticktothereligion,hastentodowhathasbeenordained
onthemandavoidwhatwasprohibited,exchangeadvice,cooperateingoodandpiety,adviseoneanother
todowhatisrightandobservepatienceaccordingtoAllah'ssaying: ByAlAsr(thetime). Verily,manisinloss,
Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommendoneanothertothetruth[i.e.order
oneanothertoperformallkindsofgooddeeds(AlMaruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeeds
( A lMunkarwhichAllhhasforbidden],andrecommendoneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,andinjurieswhichone
mayencounterinAllhsCauseduringpreachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd). TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeace
andBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: Thesimilitudeofbelieversinregardtomutuallove,affectionandempathyisthatof
onebodywhenanylimbofitaches,thewholebodyaches,duetosleeplessnessandfever. TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeace
andBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: Afaithfulbelievertoafaithfulbelieverislikethebricksofawall,enforcingeach
other.WhilesayingsotheProphet(peacebeuponhim)claspedhishands,byinterlacinghisfingers.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:79)

ExchangingadviceforAllah'ssakeandcommendingoneanotherfortherightcauseisoneofthemost
importantissuesandgreatdutiesintherightsofindividuals,groupsandpeople.

ThepresidentofIraqmustrepenttoAllah,hastentoreturntoHim,seekHisforgivenessofthismanifest
injusticeandhastentowithdrawhisarmyfromKuwaitinordertoavoidturmoil,setthingsbacktotheirfirst
positions,andreachacompromisetotheproblemthatImentioned.Thisistheopinionofallscholars
withoutdisagreementamongthemthatallproblemsthateruptbetweencountries,groups,tribesand
individualsmustbesolvedthroughtheShar`ymeansifitisimpossibletosolvethemthroughthediplomatic
channels,whichdonotgoagainsttheShari`ah.

AsforthemeasureswhichtheSaudiArabiangovernmenthastakenasaresultoftheseactionsofaggressionof
thepresidentofIraqsuchasseekingthehelpofmultiforcesfromdifferentnationalitiesincludingMuslims
andotherstostoptheaggressionanddefendthecountry,thisispermissible.Itisratherobligatorytodoso
andtheKingdommustplayitsroleindefendingIslamandMuslimsaswellasthesanctityofthiscountry
anditspeople.Thekingdomisfreeofguiltandthankedforitsinitiationinordertoprotectthecountry
againstevilanditsdoersandtodefendthecountryagainstexpectedaggressionwhichthePresidentofIraq
maywagebecauseheisnottobetrustedafterwhathehasdoneinKuwaitandhisbetrayalisexpected.

ItisthusnecessaryandmandatorytotakecautionandseekthehelpofMultiforcesfromdifferentnationsto
protectthecountryanditspeople,preservesecurityandprotectthecountryandpeoplefromallevil.

WeaskAllahtorewardthegovernmentforthis,guideittoallgood,makethemeasuresfruitful,makeour
finalendgood,suppressallevils,occupytheevildoerswiththemselves,reversethecunningofenemies
ontothemselvesandprotectMuslimsfromtheirevilforHeistheBesttobeasked.IaskAllah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)toreformMuslims'conditions,guidethemtothestraightpath,suppresstheirenemies,
occupytheenemieswiththemselvesandprotectMuslims www.ircpk.com
(PartNo:6,PageNo:80)

againsttheirevils.WesupplicatetoAllahtobringaboutbenefitsasaresultofthemeasuresthatthe
government hastaken,blessitseffortsandguideitsstepsandmakeitsend,aswellastheendofall
Muslims,good.WeaskHimtoguidethemtothestraightpath,tosuppresseveryenemyofIslamand
Muslims,occupytheenemieswiththemselvesandprotectMuslimsagainsttheirevilforHeistheMost
Generous.MaypeaceandblessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,Companions,andthose
whofollowhimwithgood!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:81)

TheStandoftheBelievertowardtheTrials

PraisebetoAllah,theLordoftheWorlds.Maythegoodendbeforthepious!MayAllah'speacebeupon
Muhammad,HisMessengerandHisSlave,anduponhiswivesandoffspring,justlikeHesentHispeace
uponProphetIbrahimandhisfamily!MayAllahblessProphetMuhammad,hiswivesandoffspringjustlike
HeblessedProphetIbrahimandhisfamily!He(GlorifiedbeHe)isindeedPraiseworthyandGlorious.

IwouldliketothankAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)forthismeetingwithourdearbrothersandsons.I
imploretoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tomakeitablessedmeetingmakeusbenefitfromwhatwelearntpurify
ourheartsandfixourdeedsprotectusallfromtheevilswithinourselvesandourmisdeedsgrantvictory
toHisReligionmakeHisWordsuperiorsetrighttheaffairsoftheMuslimseverywhereletthebestamong
themruleandprotectthemfromtheevilonesamongthem.HeistheGenerous,theGracious.

IwouldlikealsotothankthoseinchargeofImamMuhammadibnSa`udUniversityfororganizingthis
meeting.MayAllah(ExaltedbeHe)doubletheirrewardandguideusalltoeverygoodinreligionandlife
andtothebenefitofthewholeUmmah(nation).He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)istheGenerous,the
Gracious.

Dearbrothersandsons,myspeechtodayisentitled"TheStandoftheBelievertowardThetrials".The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)clarifiedthedangerofFitani.e.trialsmayAllah(ExaltedbeHe)saveustheir
evilsandtolduswhatweshoulddoaboutit.

WhatisFitnah(sing.offitani.e.trials)?

Fitnahisageneralwordthathasmanymeanings.ItmeansShirk(associatingothersinworshipwithAllah),
whichistheutmostexpressionofFitnah,accordingtoAllah'ssaying, AndfightthemuntilthereisnomoreFitnah
(disbeliefandpolytheism,i.e.worshippingothersbesidesAllh)andthereligion(worship)willallbeforAllhAlone[inthewholeof
theworld].

(PartNo:6,PageNo:82)

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays, TheyaskyouconcerningfightingintheSacredMonths(i.e.1st,7th,11th
and12thmonthsoftheIslmiccalendar).Say,Fightingthereinisagreat(transgression)butagreater(transgression) Fitnahalso
referstotortureandburningaccordingtoAllah'ssaying, "Tasteyouyourtrial(punishmenti.e.burning)!Thisiswhat
youusedtoasktobehastened!" He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays, Verily,thosewhoputintotrialthebelieving
menandbelievingwomen(bytorturingthemandburningthem),andthendonotturninrepentance(toAllh),thentheywillhavethe
tormentofHell,andtheywillhavethepunishmentoftheburningFire. Trialherereferstotorturingandpunishing.Fitnah
alsoreferstotesting.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, andWeshallmakeatrialofyouwithevilandwith
good. He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays, Yourwealthandyourchildrenareonlyatrial todeterminethose
whousewealthandchildreninobeyingAllah,fulfillingAllah'srights,avoidingAllah'sprohibitionsand
respectingthelimitsofAllah(ExaltedbeHe),andthosewhodeviatefromthispathandfollowtheirown
desires.FitnahalsoreferstoafflictionsandpunishmentaccordingtoAllah'ssaying, AndfeartheFitnah(affliction
andtrial)whichaffectsnotinparticular(only)thoseofyouwhodowrong(butitmayafflictallthegoodandthebadpeople) This
meansthatitwillaffectallthepeopleingeneral.

ItisreportedfromAlZubayribnAl`Awwam(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)andagroupoftheSalaf(righteous
predecessors)thattheysaidabouttheFitnahof`Uthman'smurder,"Wewouldnothavethoughtiti.e.fitnah,
couldstrikeusuntilittookplace."Agroupofignorant,unjustpeople,someofwhomweremisguided,killed
`Uthman(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)duetofalsedoubtsandwronginterpretations.ThisFitnahspread,
grewlargerandafflictedsomepeoplewhohadnothingtodowithitandwhowerenotamongtheunjust
people.Thisledtowhattookplacebetween`Aly(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)andMu`awiyah(mayAllah
bepleasedwithhim),andtheBattlesoftheCamelandSiffin,whichwereconsequencesoftheinjusticedone
t o`Uthman(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim).AgroupofpeopleledbyMu`awiyahclaimedrevengefor`Uthman
(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim),andasked`Aly(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim),afterbeingchosenasthe
fourthCaliphbytheMuslims,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:83)

tosurrenderthemurdererstothem.`Aly(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)toldthemthatthetimeisnot
suitabletosurrenderthemurderersnow,andhepromisedthemtodotherightthinglater,buthecouldnot
takerevengeatthattime.WartookplaceintheBattleoftheCamelandtheBattleofSiffinasisknown,anda
groupoftheSalaf(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)includingAlZubayrsaidthattheAyah(Qur'anicverse)
wasrevealedtotreatsituationslikethat,asitentailsthismeaning,andthatthiswasthefirstFitnahtotake
placeintheUmmah. AndfeartheFitnah(afflictionandtrial)whichaffectsnotinparticular(only)thoseofyouwhodowrong
(butitmayafflictallthegoodandthebadpeople),andknowthatAllhisSevereinpunishment. TheFitnahaffectedalarge
numberofpeople,includingtheSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet)andothers.`AmmaribnYasir,Talhahibn www.ircpk.com
`Ubaydullah,whoisamongthetenSahabahgiventhegladtidingsofenteringJannah(Paradise),andAlZubayrwhoisalso
amongthetenSahabahgiventhegladtidingsofenteringJannah(Paradise).Theywerekilledduringthis
Fitnah,inadditiontootherSahabahwhowerekilledintheBattlesoftheCamelandSiffin.

Fitnahalsotakesplacebymeansofdoubtsandlusts.ManypeoplewereexposedtoFitnahbecauseof
groundlessdoubts,liketheJahmiyyah(adeviantIslamicsectdenyingsomeAttributesofAllah,claimingtheyareascribedto
peopleandcannotbeascribedtoAllah),Mu`tazilah(adeviantIslamicsectclaimingthatthosewhocommitmajorsinsareinastate
betweenbeliefanddisbelief),Shi`ah(Shi'ites),AlMurji'ah(adeviantIslamicsectclaimingthatFaithisrestrictedtobeliefnotdeeds)
andotherdeviantsectswhoweremisguidedbydoubtsanddeviatedfromthewayofAhlulSunnahwal
Jama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody),whichledtoFitnahforthemandfor
otherpeople,exceptthoseonwhomAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hadmercy.

ThewaytoavoidthedifferentformsofFitnahisadheringtoAllah'sBookandtheSunnahofHisMessenger
(peacebeuponhim),accordingtowhatwasnarratedontheauthorityof`AlythattheProphet(mayAllah's
PeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)said, "Therewillbetrials."Hewasthenasked,"OAllah'sMessenger!Whatistheway
outofthem?"Hereplied,"TheBookofAllah,inwhichthereisthenewsofthingsbeforeyou,thereportsofthemattersafteryou,and
thelawstosettleyourdisputes." ThismeansthatthereisnoescapefromallformsofFitnah,whetherlusts,
doubts,fightsorBida`(innovationsinreligion)exceptwithgoodunderstandingofAllah'sBookandthe
SunnahofHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),andknowingtheManhaj(methodology)oftheSalafand
thosewhofollowedthemfromtheImams(leaders)ofIslamandthecallerstoguidance.

AnythingpeoplesayandadheretointimesofwarandpeaceshouldbejudgedaccordingtoAllah'sBook
andtheSunnahofHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).InHisNobleBook,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)says, Oyouwhobelieve!ObeyAllhandobeytheMessenger(Muhammad),andthoseofyou(Muslims)
whoareinauthority.(And)ifyoudifferinanythingamongstyourselves,referittoAllhandHisMessenger(),if
youbelieveinAllhandintheLastDay.Thatisbetterandmoresuitableforfinaldetermination.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:84)

ThisistheonlywaytofollowweshouldjudgeaccordingtotheQur'anandtheauthenticSunnahofthe
MessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)afterhisdeath.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays, Butno,byyourLord,theycanhavenoFaith,untiltheymakeyou(O
Muhammad)judgeinalldisputesbetweenthem,andfindinthemselvesnoresistanceagainstyourdecisions,and
accept(them)withfullsubmission. AcceptingtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)asajudgemeans
referringtotheQur'anandtheSunnah.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Dotheythenseekthejudgementof(thedaysof)
Ignorance?AndwhoisbetterinjudgementthanAllhforapeoplewhohavefirmFaith. AnythingotherthanAllah's
judgmentisconsideredjudgmentofJahiliyyah(preIslamictimeofignorance).Allah(GlorifiedandExalted
beHe)says, AndwhosoeverdoesnotjudgebywhatAllhhasrevealed,sucharetheKfirn(i.e.disbelieversofalesserdegree
astheydonotactonAllhsLaws). AndwhosoeverdoesnotjudgebythatwhichAllhhasrevealed,sucharetheZlimn
(polytheistsandwrongdoersofalesserdegree). AndwhosoeverdoesnotjudgebywhatAllhhasrevealed(then)such(people)
aretheFsiqn[therebelliousi.e.disobedient(ofalesserdegree)toAllh].

TheonlywaytoavoidFitnahistorefertoAllah'sBookandtheSunnahofHisMessenger(peacebeupon
him),byreferringtothescholarsspecializedintheSunnahwhoarewellinformedandknowledgeableabout
theQur'anandtheSunnahandwhohaveappliedit.ThewholeUmmahmanandJinn(creaturescreated
fromfire),Arabs,nonArabs,menorwomenshouldrefertotheQur'anandtheSunnahoftheMessengerof
Allah(peacebeuponhim),andfollowthewayoftheSalafandthosewhofollowthemintimesofwaror
peace,inactsof`Ibadah(worship)andtransactions,inAllah'sNamesandAttributesinthemattersof
Resurrection,Hellfire,Jannah,andeverythingelse.Thisalsoincludesthewarslaunchedbysomepeople,in
whichtheyshouldrefertoShari`ah(Islamiclaw).

Thesameappliestopreparationforwar,alliesandenemiesinwar.Allthisshouldbejudgedaccordingto
theQur'anandtheSunnahoftheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim).

(PartNo:6,PageNo:85)

ThisincludeswhattookplaceontheeleventhofMuharram,1411A.H.,whentherulerofIraqinvadedKuwait.
HisthreattothiscountryandtheGulfcountriesisalsoaFitnahthatshouldbereferredtotheQur'anandthe
SunnahoftheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim).

AccordingtoscholarsandpeopleofIman(Faith),thereisnodoubtthatthismanhascommittedagrave
Munkar(thatwhichisunacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect),a
terriblesinandafierce,unjustifiedattack.IfhehadbeenacallertoIslamandapersonwhorefersto
Shari`ah,hewouldnothaveinvadedanothercountry,whetherKuwaitoranyotherone,unlesshehad
warnedthem,hisallegationsagainstthemareobservedandtheirconcordancewithShari`ahisjudged.
However,heinvadedacountry,killedpeople,capturedthebooty,andtookcaptiveswithoutanypangsof
conscience.Thisindicatesthathedoesnothavetheleastamountofrequiredreligiosity,magnanimityor
modesty.Nevertheless,heclaimstobeatrueMuslim,thatheisfightingintheCauseofAllahandthathe
intendstoprotecttheTwoSacredMosques.Thisisreallyhypocrisy,deceptionandabsoluteKufr(disbelief).

ItisknownthattheBa`thParty,communismandallsecularpartiescontradictIslamandaremoreindulgedin
KufrthantheJewsandChristians,becauseitislawfultoeattheanimalsslaughteredbyJewsandChristians,eatwith
themandmarrythechastewomenamongthem.However,itisimpermissibletoeatwithatheistsormarry
theirwomen.Thesameappliestoidolworshippers.AnyatheistwhodoesnotbelieveinIslamisworsethan
www.ircpk.com
J e w s andChristians.ThosewhobelongtotheBa`thPartyandsecularistswhorejectIslam,inadditiontocommunists,
socialistsandalltheotheratheistpartieswhodonotbelieveinAllahandtheDayofJudgmentareworsein
KufrthantheJewsandChristians.Thesameappliestoidolworshippers,graveworshippers,treeworshippers,
andstoneworshipperstheyareworsethantheJewsandChristians.ThatiswhyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)has
distinguishedthemfromeachother,eveniftheyareallKafirs(disbelievers),misguidedandwillenter
Hellfire,buttheyarenotofthesamedegreeofKufrandmisguidance.TheywillbeinHellfireiftheydie
whileinthesamestate.

IfapersonwhobelongstotheBa`thpartywantstoclaimthattheyareMuslims,theyhavetoleavetheir
party,whetherBa`th,socialismorcommunism,andperformTawbah(repentancetoAllah)fromallthat
contradictsIslam,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:86)

sothattheirsincerityisproven.IfthatcunningSaddam,therulerofIraq,wantedtoperformTawbah,he
shouldhaverejectedtheBa`thparty,disclaimedit,announcedhimselfaMuslim,withdrawnfromthe
countryheinvaded,correctedtheinjusticehehaddonetothepeople,regrettedit,withdrawnhisarmyfrom
Kuwait,announcedhisTawbahandreferredtoShari`ahinhisrulings,sothathissinceritywouldhavebeen
proventothepeople.

FightinghimisoneofthemostimportantformsofJihad(fightingintheCauseofAllah),whichisfightinga
barefacedenemytotakerevenge,returntherightstotheirownersandsolvethetribulationthathecaused.
AlltheIslamiccountries,includingtheKingdomofSaudiArabiaanditsallies,shouldfighthim.Itisconsidereda
Shar`y(Islamicallylawful)Jihad.Ifafighteriskilledinit,heisconsideredamartyrifhereturnssafe,he
willgainagreatrewardifheisaMuslim.TherulingonseekingthehelpofnonMuslimsisknownby
scholarsandthereisalotofevidenceonit.Thecorrectopinioniswhatwasmentionedinthedecreeofthe
CouncilofSeniorScholarsintheKingdomofSaudiArabia.ItispermissibletoseekthehelpofnonMuslimsin
caseofnecessitytofightbackanunjustenemyandprotectthecountryfromtheirevil,iftheMuslimforces
arenotadequatetodothis.Inthiscase,itispermissibletoseekthehelpofthosewhoaremostprobably
abletoofferhelp,whethertheyareJews,Christians,idolworshippers,orothers.Thishappenedtothe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)inMakkahwhenhesoughtthehelpofMut`amibn`Udayywhenhereturnedfrom
A lT a ' i f andwasafraidofthepeopleofMakkahafterthedeathofhisuncleAbuTalib.Hefirstsoughtthehelpof
others,buttheydidnotrespond,andthenhesoughtthehelpofMut`amwhowasoneoftheirchiefsandhe
protectedhim.He(peacebeuponhim)alsousedtopassbythepolytheistsattheirhomesinMinatoask
themtoprotecthimsothathecouldconveytheMessageofhisLord,eventhoughtheywerenonMuslims.
Hesoughtthehelpof`AbdullahibnUrayqitduringtheHijrah(Prophet'smigrationtoMadinah),althoughhewasa
Kafir,beingfitforthejobandunlikelytoreportthemtothepolytheists.OnthedayoftheBattleofBadrhe
said, Idonotseekthehelpofapolytheist. However,hedidnotsay"Donotseekthehelpofpolytheists"he
spokeonlyabouthimself,ashedidnotneedthematthattime,andhehadagroupof

(PartNo:6,PageNo:87)

Muslimstohelphim.Thiswasoneofthereasonsbehindtheguidanceoftheman,whosehelpwasrejected,
andheembracedIslam. OnthedayoftheConquestofMakkah,heborrowedshieldsfromSafwanibnUmayyahwhowasstilla
polytheist.Heasked,"Areyougoingtotakethembyforce,Muhammad?"He(peacebeuponhim)said,"No,itisjustaloan." He
soughtthehelpoftheJewsinKhaybarwhentheMuslimswerepreoccupiedwithJihadandhadnotimetothink
aboutagriculture.HeagreedwiththemoncultivatingthelandofKhaybarinreturnforhalfofthecrops,even
thoughtheywereJews,ashesawthatitwasbetterforthepublicinterest.HekepttheminKhaybaruntilthe
MuslimsmanagedtotakecareoftheirmoneyinKhaybarduringtheeraof`Umar.Onlythen,did`Umar(may
Allahbepleasedwithhim)askthemtoleavethecountry.ThereisalsoaknownruleinAllah'ssaying, while
Hehasexplainedtoyouindetailwhatisforbiddentoyou,exceptundercompulsionofnecessity

IftheMuslimsareforcedtoseekthehelpofalessevilenemytofightaworseenemy,thereisnoharmin
this.Itisknownthatatheists,Ba`thistsandsuchpeopleareworsethantheJewsandtheChristiansanyatheistis
worsethanthePeopleoftheBook.So,accordingtoShar`yrules,itispermissibletoseekthehelpofsome
polytheiststofightaworseevilenemyandprotecttheMuslimsfromtheirevil.

ItisknowntothescholarsthatthereportsthatarenarratedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)about
Fitnahandavoidingit,whichisasfollows:

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, TherewillbeFitaninwhichthesittingpersonwillbebetterthanthestandingone
thestandingonewillbebetterthanthewalkingoneandthewalkingonewillbebetterthantherunningone.Whoeverlooksforward
tothoseFitan,theywillovertakehimandwhoeverfindsarefugeorasheltershouldtakerefugeinit. ThisistheFitnahin
whichAlHaqq(theTruth)isunclearaMu'min(abeliever)shouldavoiditbyeverypossiblemeans.This
alsoappliestothesayingoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim), Atimeisabouttocomewhenthebestpropertyofa
Muslimwillbesheep,whichhetakestothetopsofmountainsandtheplacesofrainfall,soastofleewithhisreligionfromFitnah.
RelatedbyAlBukhariinhisSahih(authentic)BookofHadith.ThisalsoappliestothesayingoftheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)whenhewasasked, "Whoisthebestamongthepeople?"Hereplied,"AMu'minwhofightsinthe
CauseofAllah."Peopleasked,"Whoisnext?"Hereplied,"AMu'minwhostaysinoneofthemountainpathsworshippingAllahand
savesthepeoplefromhismischief." ThisreferstothetimeswhenmattersareambiguousandtheMu'minare
afraidforthemselves.However,iftheyrealizewhoistheoppressorandwhoisthe

(PartNo:6,PageNo:88)

oppressed,theyshouldstandwiththeoppressedagainsttheoppressors.Thisisaccordingtothesayingof www.ircpk.com
theProphet(peacebeuponhim), "Helpyourbrothers,whethertheyareoppressorsoroppressed."Amanasked,"O,
MessengerofAllah!HowcanIhelpthemiftheyareoppressors?"He(peacebeuponhim)said,"Bypreventinghimfromoppressing
(others),forthatishowtohelpthem."

WhentheFitnahtookplaceatthetimeoftheSahabah(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim),someofthemwere
misledandrefusedtoparticipateinitbecauseoftheHadithsofFitnah,suchasSa`dibnAbuWaqqas,Muhammad
ibnMaslamah,andotherSahabah(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem).However,thewellinformedSahabah
supported`Aly,ashewastheonewhodeservedsupport,inthefaceofKhawarij(separatistgroupthatbelieves
committingamajorsinamountstodisbelief)andtheaggressorsofthepeopleoftheLevant(theregioncoveringSyria,Lebanon,
Jordan,andPalestine)whentheyknewthetruth`Alywaswrongedandshouldbesupported,forhewasthe
Imam(ruler)thatshouldbefollowedandMu`awiyahandhissupporterswrongedhimandaccusedhimof
killing`Uthman.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysinhisGloriousBook, Andiftwopartiesorgroupsamong
thebelieversfalltofighting,thenmakepeacebetweenthemboth.Butifoneofthemoutragesagainsttheother,thenfightyou(all)
againsttheonethatoutrages Hedoesnotsay"keepawayfromthem",butHesays, thenfightyou(all)againsttheone
thatwhichoutragestillitcomplieswiththeCommandofAllh.Thenifitcomplies,thenmakereconciliationbetweenthemjustly,and
beequitable.Verily!Allhlovesthosewhoaretheequitable. Iftheoppressorisknown,theoppressedshouldbe
helpedaccordingtoAllah'ssaying, thenfightyou(all)againsttheonethatoutragestillitcomplieswiththeCommandof
Allh. IntheeraoftheSahabah,theoppressorswereMu`awiyahandhissupporters,andtheoppressedwere
`Alyandhissupporters.ThatiswhythegreatSahabahsupported`Alyaspreviouslymentioned.TheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)saidaSahihHadithwhereinhespeaksaboutKhawarij.He(peacebeuponhim)said,
TherewouldbetwogroupsinmyUmmah.Agroupwillsecedefromthem,andtheonethatisclosertoAlHaqqwillkillthem. `Aly
andhissupporterswhowerenearertoAlHaqqkilledthem.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid
about`Ammar, `Ammarwillbekilledbytheoppressinggroup. HewaskilledbyMu`awiyahandhissupportersinthe
BattleofSiffin.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:89)

Mu`awiyahandhissupporterswereoppressors,buttheywereatthesametimepracticingindependent
reasoningandtheythoughttheywererightinclaimingrevengefor`Uthman,justlikeTalhah,AlZubayrand
`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)thoughtonthedayoftheBattleoftheCamel.Theywouldtakea
rewardforIjtihad(juristicefforttoinferexpertlegalrulings),butmissedtherewardofrightjudgment.`Aly
willtaketherewardforIjtihadandrightjudgmentaswell.ThisistheShar`yruleconcerningMujtahids
(scholarsqualifiedtoexercisejuristicefforttoinferexpertlegalrulings)ifajudge,areformerorafighter
seekstruth,theywillhavedoublerewardiftheyarerightandonlyoneiftheyarewrong.TheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said, Ifajudgegivesaverdictaccordingtothebestofhisknowledgeandhisverdictiscorrect,hewill
receiveadoublerewardandifhegivesaverdictaccordingtothebestofhisknowledgeandhisverdictiswrong,hewillgetone
reward. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim).EveryFitnahinducedbyaMuslim,aMubtadi`(one
whointroducesinnovationsinreligion)oraKafirshouldbeexamined.AMu'minshouldsupportthe
wrongedoneagainstthewrongdoer.Thus,AlHaqqissupportedtheaffairsoftheMuslimsaresettledan
oppressorispreventedfromoppressionandatruthseekerknowsthatheshouldcooperateinrighteousness
andpiety,notinsinandtransgression.ThisisaccordingtoAllah'ssaying, HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirrandAt
Taqw(virtue,righteousnessandpiety)butdonothelponeanotherinsinandtransgression. Fightinganaggressorora
KafirwhoattackstheMuslimsoutofoppressionisaduty,aformofrighteousness,helpingtheoppressed
andfightingtheoppressors.Thus,fightingSaddamandthoselikehimisaformofrighteousnessand
guidance.TheMuslimsshouldexertallpossibleeffortsinfightinghim,andseekthehelpofanyonewho
maybeusefulinresistingtheoppressorandgettingridofhisevil.ItisalsoimpermissiblefortheMuslimsto
abandontheoppressedandleavethemfortheoppressorstoexploittheminanywaytheoppressorshould
beresistedandtheoppressedsupportedineveryway.

AlltheMuslimsshouldcomprehendtheirreligionhavedeepinsightinwhattheydoandwhattheyrefrain
fromdoingrefertoAllah'sBookandtheSunnahofHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)ineverythingstudy
themtoseekthetruthforthesakeofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andtheHereafter,tocarryout

(PartNo:6,PageNo:90)

Allah'srulingsamongthepeopleandbewareofdesires,asitmakespeoplefallintoHellfire.Allah(Exalted
beHe)says, andfollownotyourdesireforitwillmisleadyoufromthePathofAllh. He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
says, Butiftheyansweryounot(i.e.donotbringtheBooknorbelieveinyourdoctrineofIslmicMonotheism),thenknowthatthey
onlyfollowtheirownlusts.Andwhoismoreastraythanonewhofollowshisownlusts,withoutguidancefromAllh?VerilyAllh
guidesnotthepeoplewhoareZlimn(wrongdoers,disobedienttoAllh,andpolytheists). Anypersonwhohasdeep
insightbelievesthatifSaddamhadbeenlefttodowhathelikes,hewouldhaveruinedthecountry,andwould
havebeenhelpedbypeoplefromthenorthandthesouthinhisfalsehood.Ifhehadbeenabletocarryout
hisplans,thiswouldhaveledtoterribledisasters,seriouscorruption,andgreatevil.However,itisoutof
Allah'sMercyandBountythattherulersofSaudiArabianoticedhisevilandcorruption,sotheysoughtthehelp
ofmultinationalforcestofighthimanddefendthereligionandthecountry,untilAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
ruinedhisplottingandpreventedhimfromachievinghisaim.

MayAllahgrantusagoodend,saveusfromhisevilandtheevilofothers,andsupportourIslamicarmies
andthosewhohelpthemagainsttherulerofIraquntilhestopshisaggression,withdrawshisarmyfrom
Kuwaitandknowshislimits!MayAllahalsograntthebestunderstandingofreligiontoourarmies,saveus
fromtheevilsofoursins,saveusfromtheevilofallKafirsofallnationalities,makethemreturntotheir
countrieswhilewearesafefromtheirevil,guidethemtoIslam,andsavethemfromKufr!

MayAllahguidethemall,makethemreturntoAlHaqqandguidance,andsaveusfromtheevilof www.ircpk.com
Ba`thists,Christiansorothers.MayAllahguidethemtoIslam,saveusfromtheirevil,maketheKafirsamong
themreturntotheircountriesandleavetheMuslims,getridoftherulerofIraqandhisarmy,andchoosefor
IraqarighteousrulerwhojudgesaccordingtoShari`ah!MayAllahalsograntalltheMuslimsrulerswho
judgeaccordingtoShari`ahandleadthembytheQur'anandtheSunnahandsavetheMuslimsfromthe
eviloftheirrulerswhocontradictShari`ah!

(PartNo:6,PageNo:91)

MayHesetrighttheaffairsofMuslimsandtheirleaders,guidethemtoHisRightPath,makethebestofthe
Muslimstheirleaders,savethemfromtheevilofenemieswherevertheyare,ruintheplottingofthe
enemies,andsaveusfromtheevilofoursins.MayHeenableustoperformsincereTawbahandmakethe
hardafflictionthathappenedinKuwaitalessonforeveryoneandareasonforguidance!MayAllahguideour
governmenttoallgoodness,helpittoobeyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),
andprepareastrongarmythatsufficesthemandmakesthemdispensewithalltheenemiesofAllah!

MayAllahguideallourneighboringcountriestoadheretoAllah'sBook,makethemallconsenttoAlHaqq
andguidance,enablethemtoobeyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),save
themfromtheenemiesandhypocritesamongthemwhofighttheQur'anandtheSunnah,andcallfortheir
opposite!

MayAllahruintheplottingofHisenemiesanddisunitethem.MayHeguidethetruthseekerstowhatpleases
Him,setrighttheaffairsoftheMuslimseverywhere,unifytheopinionsofMuslimseverywhereonAlHaqq
andguidance,andsaveusfromtheevilofourenemieswherevertheyare!HeistheMostGenerousOne.
MayAllah'speaceandblessingsbeuponHisSlaveandMessenger,ourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,
Companionsandthosewhofollowedtheminrighteousness!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:92)

AnimportantlectureontheIraqiruler'sinvasionofKuwait

PraisebetoAllah.MaypeaceandblessingsbeupontheMessengerofAllah,hisfamily,Companionsand
thosewhofollowhisguidance!

ItisAllah(ExaltedbeHe)withHisdeepWisdomandabsoluteproofthatHetestsHisservantswith
prosperityandadversity,graceorcalamitytodistinguishthewickedfromthegood,andthebelieversand
thosewhohaveTaqwa(fearingAllahasHeshouldbefeared)fromthehypocritesanddisbelievers,and
thosestrivingpatientlyfromthosewhoarenot.Thistestisalsogiventopeopletoshowthosewhoseekand
callforestablishingthetruthandthosewhodonot.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, andWeshall
makeatrialofyouwithevilandwithgood.AndtoUsyouwillbereturned. Thistrialreferstotestingpeopletodistinguish
thetruthfulfromtheliar,thepiousfromthewicked,andthegoodfromtheevil.Thisisalsotoletthose
whomAllah(ExaltedbeHe)willstobehappyreturntothetruthwhilethosewhomHewillstobewretched
keeptomisguidance.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, AndWetriedthemwithgood(blessings)andevil
(calamities)inorderthattheymightturn(toAllhsObedience). ThisAyahpointsoutthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)may
testpeoplewithtimesofeaseandbountiesincludingwealth,highrank,andothers,andwithevilwhich
includescalamities,difficulty,eagerness,fear,warfare,andafflictionsothattheymightreturntothetruth
andadheretoguidance.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, AndfeartheFitnah(afflictionandtrial)which
affectsnotinparticular(only)thoseofyouwhodowrong(butitmayafflictallthegoodandthebadpeople),andknowthatAllhis
Severeinpunishment. ThismeansthatmanshouldfearAllah(ExaltedbeHe)bydoinggooddeeds,obeying
Him,strivinginHisCauseandadheringtothetruth.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:93)

TheFitnahmayincludewar,doubtfulmatterswhichmisleadmanypeople,forbiddenlustsandmanyothers.

ThebelieversprotectthemselvesbyobeyingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),
understandingthereligion,andpreparingthemselvesforthetrialsaheadoftimesothattheymaybewell
preparedandinformedwhentheyoccur.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, andknowthatAllhisSevere
inpunishment. TheseverepenaltyisforwhoeverdisobeysHimandcommitswhatHemadeunlawfuland
violatesHisLaws.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Yourwealthandyourchildrenareonlyatrial AnotherkindofFitnah
iswealthandchildren.IfmanfearsAllah(ExaltedbeHe)concerninghiswealthandchildren,hewillbe
happy.Otherwise,hewillberuinedifhepreferstheworldlylifetotheHereafterandseeksafterforbidden
lustsandwhims.

He(ExaltedbeHe)says, Andsurely,WeshalltryyoutillWetestthosewhostrivehard(fortheCauseofAllh)andAsSbirn
(thepatient),andWeshalltestyourfacts(i.e.theonewhoisaliar,andtheonewhoistruthful). HetestspeoplesothatHe
makesevidentthosewhostriveforAllah'scauseandarepatient. andWeshalltestyourfacts(i.e.theonewhoisa
liar,andtheonewhoistruthful). Thatistomakeevidentthroughapparent(real)knowledgethiskindof
people,althoughAllah(ExaltedbeHe)knowseverythingandnothingishiddenfromHimHeencompassed
allthingsinHisKnowledge.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, thatyoumayknowthatAllhhaspoweroverallthings,andthat
Allhsurroundsallthingsin(His)Knowledge.

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)knowsallthingsbutHetestspeoplesothatHemakesevidentthroughapparent
(real)knowledgethepatientandthosewhostriveforHiscause.Thisfactshouldbeclearforpeopleand
disclosedthroughrealknowledgeasHe(mayHebePraised)says, Andsurely,WeshalltryyoutillWetestthosewho
strivehard(fortheCauseofAllh)andAsSbirn(thepatient),andWeshalltestyourfacts(i.e.theonewhoisaliar,andtheone
whoistruthful).

OntheeleventhofMuharram,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:94)

1411A.H.,correspondingto2August,1990A.D.,theIraqirulerinvadedhisneighboringcountry,Kuwait.His
transgressinganddestructivetroopsinvadedthecountry.Theystoleproperty,causedbloodshed,violated
honorandmadecitizenshomeless.Theinvasionhassparkedinternationalcondemnation.Theentireworld
thereforemobilizedtroopsontheSaudibordersandexertedgreatefforttoconvincetheIraqirulerto
withdrawhistroopsfromthiscountry.However,herefusedandinsistedonhistransgressionand
aggression.ThisisthesoundwisdomofAllahWhoistheWiseandKnowing.Hepreviouslyencompassedin
knowledgethatthisafflictioni.e.thiswarwouldoccur.Thiswarwhichcannotbeendedthroughpeaceful
solutionsisconsideredaFitnah.Allah(mayHebePraised)says, itmaybethatyoudislikeathingandAllhbrings
throughitagreatdealofgood. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Jihd(holyfightinginAllhscause)isordainedforyou
(Muslims)thoughyoudislikeit,anditmaybethatyoudislikeathingwhichisgoodforyouandthatyoulikeathingwhichisbadfor
you.Allhknowsbutyoudonotknow. WehopethiswarbringsgoodforusandallMuslimsandevilforthe
enemiesofIslamasHe(mayHebePraised)istheMostKnowingandWise.Wehopethiseventbeawarning
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forusandotherstoreturntoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andholdfasttoHisreligionandfullyprepareourselves
toconfronttheenemiesofIslam.

Thetestisbeneficialforthebelieversandthosewhoaresane.Thesearerequestedtopracticeselfreckoning
andselfstriving.Muslims,nationsandindividuals,needtoobeyAllah'scommandsandavoidHis
prohibitions.Whentheydosoandrectifytheiraffairsandexerteffortsasmuchastheycantomakethe
truthvictorious,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)willmaketheiraffairseasyandhelpthemovercometheirenemiesas
He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:95)

Oyouwhobelieve!Ifyouhelp(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,andmakeyourfootholdfirm. Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: and(asfor)thebelievers,itwasincumbentuponUstohelp(them). He(mayHebePraised)
alsosays, Verily,AllhwillhelpthosewhohelpHis(Cause).Truly,AllhisAllStrong,AllMighty. Those(Muslimrulers)who,if
Wegivethempowerintheland,(they)enjoinIqamatasSalt[i.e.toperformthefivecompulsorycongregationalSalt(prayers)(the
malesinmosques)],topaytheZaktandtheyenjoinAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),and
forbidAlMunkar(i.e.disbelief,polytheismandallthatIslmhasforbidden)[i.e.theymaketheQurnasthelawoftheircountryinall
thespheresoflife].AndwithAllhreststheendof(all)matters(ofcreatures). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)also
says: Allhhaspromisedthoseamongyouwhobelieveanddorighteousgooddeeds,thatHewillcertainlygrantthemsuccessionto
(thepresentrulers)intheland,asHegrantedittothosebeforethem,andthatHewillgrantthemtheauthoritytopractisetheir
religionwhichHehaschosenforthem(i.e.Islm).AndHewillsurelygivetheminexchangeasafesecurityaftertheirfear(provided)
they(believers)worshipMeanddonotassociateanything(inworship)withMe. Thiswillbearewardfortheirgenuine
faithandgooddeeds.

ItisobligatoryuponeveryonetoholdfasttoAllah'scommand.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)hasshownushowto
saveourselvesfromFitnah.HehasorderedustohaveTaqwaandintegrity,tostrivefaithfully,tobesincere,
patientandpersevering.ThemeansofsalvationandachievingvictoryareshowninHissaying, Oyouwho
believe!Whenyoumeet(anenemy)force,takeafirmstandagainstthemandremembertheNameofAllhmuch(bothwithtongue
andmind),sothatyoumaybesuccessful. AndobeyAllhandHisMessenger,anddonotdispute(withoneanother)lestyoulose
courageandyourstrengthdeparts,andbepatient.Surely,AllhiswiththosewhoareAsSbirn(thepatient). Andbenotlike
thosewhocomeoutoftheirhomesboastfullyandtobeseenofmen,andhinder(men)fromthePathofAllhandAllhisMuhtun
(encirclingandthoroughlycomprehending)allthattheydo.

He(mayHebePraised)orderstheMuslimstohavethefollowingqualitiesuponmeetingtheenemies,
engaginginJihadandconfrontingaggression.Theseareasfollows:

First:Tobesteadfastinthetruth.Allah(mayHebePraised)says, Oyouwhobelieve!Whenyoumeet(anenemy)
force,takeafirmstandagainstthem Beingsteadfastandpatientinthetruthisnecessary,asAllah(ExaltedbeHe)

(PartNo:6,PageNo:96)

saysinanotherAyah, Oyouwhobelieve!Endureandbemorepatient(thanyourenemy),andguardyourterritorybystationing
armyunitspermanentlyattheplacesfromwheretheenemycanattackyou,andfearAllh,sothatyoumaybesuccessful. The
believersadheretothetruthintimesofprosperityandadversitytheydonotneglectitinthetimeofstress.

Second:RememberingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)youmustrememberHimwithyourheart,tongue,anddeeds.
RemembranceofAllahshouldbedoneoutoflove,fear,trust,glorifying,believingthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
istheOneWhograntsvictoryandthatthereisnovictoryexceptfromHimasHesays, Andthereisnovictory
exceptfromAllh. Theyknowthatthemeansarenomorethanthingsthathelpachievevictory.Thesemeans
mayincludegoodpreparationsandusingweaponsandotherthingsthathelpachievevictoryandbea
messagefromAllah(ExaltedbeHe)forgoodtidingsasHesayswhenHeprovidedtheMessenger(peacebe
uponhim)withtheangels, Allhmadeitonlyasgladtidings,andthatyourheartsbeatresttherewith.Andthereisnovictory
exceptfromAllh.Verily,AllhisAllMighty,AllWise. InSurah'Al`Imran,Allahsays, Allhmadeitnotbutasamessageof
goodnewsforyouandasanassurancetoyourhearts.AndthereisnovictoryexceptfromAllh,theAllMighty,theAllWise.

Intimesofadversity,thebelieverremembersthenameofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andglorifiesHim,and
knowsthatHegrantsvictory,inflictsharm,givesbenefitandhandleseverything.ItisHe(mayHebe
Praised)whocausesharm,benefit,honor,victoryandmanagesallaffairsandnothingishiddenfromHim
andnothingisbeyondHisCapability.He(ExaltedbeHe)makessuccesscontingentonremembranceof
Allahwhensaying, andremembertheNameofAllhmuch(bothwithtongueandmind),sothatyoumaybesuccessful.
RememberingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)withtheheart,tongueanddeedsbringsvictory,successandgoodness.
Thebelievers,intimesofprosperityandadversity,adheretoremembering,glorificationofanddevotionto
Allah(ExaltedbeHe).TheyachieveAllah'srightsonHisslavesandavoidHisprohibitions.Theyadhereto
DhikrbyobservingSalahandprotectingthelimbsandthetonguefromcommittingforbiddenthings.They
rendertherightstotheirowners,avoidcommittingwhatisforbiddenbyAllah(ExaltedbeHe),anddoing
anyotherthingsthatmaypleaseHimandescapeHiswrath.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:97)

Asitwasmentionedabove,Dhikrshouldbedonewithheart,tongueanddeedstobringsuccess,victoryand
happiness.Allah(mayHebePraised)says, AndobeyAllhandHisMessenger ObeyingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)and
HisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)isthethirdqualitythatthebelieversmusthave.Thisqualityisincluded
inDhikr,butduetoitsimportance,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)hasstressedit.Fulfillingthecommandsand
avoidingtheprohibitionswhetheritisinJihadorotherwisearepartofobeyingAllah(ExaltedbeHe).
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Thefourthqualityistoadheretocooperationandunity,asAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says, anddonotdispute(with
oneanother)lestyoulosecourageandyourstrengthdeparts Muslimshavetocooperateandagreewitheachotherand
betruthfulinfightingtheenemiesandexpellingthetransgressors.Accordandpatiencearerequiredto
confronttheenemies.

TheenemycouldbeaMuslim,adisbeliever,oraMuslimtyrant.Allah(mayHebeExalted)orderedthatthe
lattershouldbefoughtuntiltheycomplywithAllah'sCommand.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Andiftwoparties
orgroupsamongthebelieversfalltofighting,thenmakepeacebetweenthemboth.Butifoneofthemoutragesagainsttheother,
thenfightyou(all)againsttheonethatwhichoutragestillitcomplieswiththeCommandofAllh. Thisisinthecasewhenthe
fightingpartyisabeliever,sowhatwoulditbeifitisaBa'athistdisbelieverwhooppressespeople?

Thephrase"tillitcomplieswiththeCommandofAllah"meanstillitreturnstothetruthandrendersthe
rightstotheirownersandbejust.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, andbepatient.Surely,AllhiswiththosewhoareAs
Sbirn(thepatient). Thefifthqualityispatience.Itisnecessarytohavepatiencewhenfightingtheenemies
anddothebestbecauseAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasdescribedthebelieversasfollows, andwhoarepatientin
extremepovertyandailment(disease)andatthetimeoffighting(duringthebattles). He(mayHebePraised)alsosays,
SucharethepeopleofthetruthandtheyareAlMuttaqn(thepious). He(mayHebePraised)alsosaidtoHisProphet
(peacebeuponhim), Andendureyoupatiently(OMuhammad),yourpatienceisnotbutfromAllh.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:98)

Therearethreetypesofpatience:

PatienceinobeyingAllahandrenderingtherights.

Patienceinabstainingfromsinwithwordsanddeeds.

Patienceduringtimesofcalamitiesanddisasterssuchasbeingafflictedwithdiseases,wounds,andkilling.
Itisindispensabletobepatientanduseallmeansthatmayleadtosafetyandvictory.

ThesixthandseventhqualitiesarementionedinthefollowingAyah.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Andbenot
likethosewhocomeoutoftheirhomesboastfullyandtobeseenofmen Allah(ExaltedbeHe)hasorderedthebelievers
nottoshowoffandnottofighttheenemiesboastfully.Rather,theyshouldbesincere,truthfulandhumble
inJihadandaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tograntthemvictory.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)hasmentionedand
warnedagainstaqualityHisenemieshave,namely,avertingpeoplefromHisway.Itisthedisbelieverswho
avertedpeoplefromthewayofAllah(mayHebeExalted)andsoughttomakeitdeviant.Unlikethem,the
believersaresincere,truthful,andhumbleinJihadandcallthosewhoaredevianttothewayofAllahand
callpeopletothetruth,guidance,andobediencetoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeupon
him).Theycanneverbehypocritesorfightboastfully.SomepeopleseethisFitnah,namelytheIraqiinvasion
o fKuwaitasadoubtfulmatter.Somepeoplethinkthatitisbetternottofightwitheitherside.Thesame
occurredduringthefirstFitnahwhichtookplaceaftertheProphet's(peacebeuponhim)death.Itbrokeout
betweenthepeopeloftheLevant(theregioncoveringSyria,Lebanon,Jordan,andPalestine)andtheregionsofIraqbecause
ofthemurderof`Uthman(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim).ThosewhohadagrudgeforIslammadetheir
wayintothisFitnahbymeansofstealthandthematterwascompletelychaotic.Owingtotheunjustmurder
o f`Uthman(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim),severeFitnahtookplace.Peoplepledgedallegianceto`Aly(may
Allahbepleasedwithhim)

(PartNo:6,PageNo:99)

asaCaliph.Atthesametime,Mu`awiyah(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)andagroupofpeopledemanded
thatthemurderersof`Uthmanbebroughttojustice.Thus,theFitnahintensifiedandMuslimsweredivided
intotwoparties,onesidedwithMu`awiyah(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)andthepeopleoftheLevantand
asked`Aly(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)tosurrenderthemurderers.

Theotherparty,whichconsistedof`Aly(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)andhiscompanionsaskedMu`awiyah
andhissupporterstocalmdownandbepatientandhetriedtosettlematterspeacefully.

However,themattersworsenedandtwobattlesensued:theBattleoftheCamelandtheBattleofSiffin.Some
peopleatthattimethoughtthatitwasbetternottoengageinthisFitnah.SomeSahabahjoinedneither`Aly
norMu`awiyah.

Similarly,thecurrentFitnahcausedpeopletobecomeconfused,especiallythatnotallofthemarewell
informedorknowwhattodosomeofthemmayhavetheirinsightblurredandcannotunderstandthe
truthduetotheirperplexity.ThisFitnahisnotonethatshouldbedesertedbecausethetruthisclear.The
basicruleisthatonlytheimperspicuousFitnah,inwhichthetruthcannotbedistinguishedfromfalsehood,
mustbeavoided.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Therewillbeafflictions(inthenearfuture)duringwhicha
personwhoissittingwillbebetterthanonewhoisstanding,andthepersonwhoisstandingwillbebetterthanonewhoiswalking,
andthepersonwhoiswalkingwillbebetterthanonewhoisrunning,andwhoeverexposeshimselftotheseafflictions,theywill
destroyhim.Sowhoevercanfindaplaceofprotectionorrefugefromthem,shouldtakeshelterinit. (RelatedinthetwoSahih
(authentic)booksofAlBukhariandMuslimontheauthorityofAbuHurayrah(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)).
He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid, BeforetheLastHourtherewillbecommotionslikepiecesofadarknightinwhichaman
willbeabelieverinthemorningandadisbelieverintheevening,orabelieverintheeveningandandisbelieverinthemorning.He
whositsduringthemwillbebetterthanhewhogetsupandhewhowalksduringthemisbetterthanhewhoruns.Sobreakyour
bows,cutyourbowstrings,andstrikeyourswordsonstones.Ifpeoplethencomeintooneofyou,lethimbelikethebetterofAdam's
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twosons.(RelatedbyIbnMajahandAbuDawud).ThisisthekindofFitnahwhichthebelieverhastoavoid
becausethetruthisnotdistinctfromfalsehood.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:100)

Asforthekindinwhichthetruthisclearandthetruthisdistinguishedfromthefalsehoodandtheoppressor
fromtheoppressed,theMuslimhastoengageinittohelptheoppressedanddetertheoppressorandfight
thedisbeliever.Regardingthatmeaning,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Marchforth,whetheryouarelight(being
healthy,youngandwealthy)orheavy(beingill,oldandpoor),andstrivehardwithyourwealthandyourlivesintheCauseofAllh.
Thisisbetterforyou,ifyoubutknew.

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!ShallIguideyoutoatradethatwillsaveyoufromapainfultorment?
ThesamemeaningisfurtherexplainedinHissaying, ThatyoubelieveinAllhandHisMessenger(Muhammad
)andthatyoustrivehardandfightintheCauseofAllhwithyourwealthandyourlives:thatwillbebetterforyou,ifyou
butknow! (Ifyoudoso)Hewillforgiveyouyoursins,andadmityouintoGardensunderwhichriversflow,andpleasantdwellingsin
Adn(Eden)Paradisethatisindeedthegreatsuccess. Andalso(Hewillgiveyou)another(blessing)whichyoulove,helpfrom
Allh(againstyourenemies)andanearvictory.Andgivegladtidings(OMuhammad)tothebelievers.

IntheseAyahs,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)promisesarewardforthosewhofightforHiscauseandraisethe
banneroftruthHe(mayHebePraised)says, Oyouwhobelieve!ShallIguideyoutoatradethatwillsaveyoufroma
painfultorment? Allah(ExaltedbeHe)hasdescribedthisactasatradewhichsavesfromapainfultorture.This
isfurtherexplainedinHissaying, ThatyoubelieveinAllhandHisMessenger(Muhammad)andthatyou
strivehardandfightintheCauseofAllhwithyourwealthandyourlives ItiswellknownthatJihadispartoffaith,but
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)mentionsitexclusivelyduetoitsgreatrewardandthedireneedtoexplainitsvirtue.
Allah(mayHebePraised)says, andthatyoustrivehardandfightintheCauseofAllhwithyourwealthandyourlives
Wealthismentionedfirstbecauseofitsimportanceandfarreachingbenefits.Itmaybeusedinbuying
weaponsandprovidingfighterswithfoodandequipment.Itis,therefore,mentionedbeforelivesinmany
Ayahs.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)thensays, thatwillbebetterforyou,ifyoubutknow! Allah(ExaltedbeHe)then
explainshowitisbetterinHissaying,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:101)

(Ifyoudoso)Hewillforgiveyouyoursins,andadmityouintoGardensunderwhichriversflow,andpleasantdwellingsinAdn
(Eden)Paradisethatisindeedthegreatsuccess. Andalso(Hewillgiveyou)another(blessing)whichyoulove,helpfromAllh
Allthisis
(againstyourenemies)andanearvictory.Andgivegladtidings(OMuhammad)tothebelievers.
includedintherewardofJihad.He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Andalso(Hewillgiveyou)another(blessing)
whichyoulove,helpfromAllh(againstyourenemies)andanearvictory.Andgivegladtidings(OMuhammad)
tothebelievers. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Verily,Allhhaspurchasedofthebelieverstheirlivesand
theirpropertiesfor(theprice)thattheirsshallbetheParadise.TheyfightinAllhsCause,sotheykill(others)andarekilled.Itisa
promiseintruthwhichisbindingonHimintheTaurt(Torah)andtheInjeel(Gospel)andtheQurn.Andwhoistruertohis
covenantthanAllh?Thenrejoiceinthebargainwhichyouhaveconcluded.Thatisthesupremesuccess. He(mayHebe
Praised)alsosays, Andiftwopartiesorgroupsamongthebelieversfalltofighting,thenmakepeacebetweenthemboth.Butif
oneofthemoutragesagainsttheother,thenfightyou(all)againsttheonethatwhichoutragestillitcomplieswiththeCommandof
Allh.Thenifitcomplies,thenmakereconciliationbetweenthemjustly,andbeequitable.Verily!Allhlovesthosewhoarethe
equitable. Whenthispartyreturnstothetruth,asinHissaying, Thenifitcomplies Thebelieversmustdowhat
ismentionedinHissaying, thenmakereconciliationbetweenthemjustly,andbeequitable.Verily,Allhlovesthosewhoare
theequitable.

Thisappliestothesituationwherethetwopartiesarebelievers.DuringthebattlesoftheCamelandSaffin,
thebelievershadtofightagainsttheunjustpartytilltheyreturnedtothetruth.Afterdoingso,problematic
issuesmustbeconsideredandresolvedthroughmakingreconciliationjustlyaccordingtowhatismentioned
inHissaying, Thenifitcomplies,thenmakereconciliationbetweenthemjustly,andbeequitable. i.e.theyhavetousethe
wisewayswhichareordainedbyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)toresolvedisputes.Theyhaveto andbeequitable. as
Allah(ExaltedbeHe) Verily!Allhlovesthosewhoaretheequitable. Thisistruewhentheconcernedpartiesareof
thebelieverstheoppressingpartyshouldbefoughtuntiltheycomplywithAllah'sCommand.Howcouldit
beifthispartyisnotabelievingoneasisthecasewiththeIraqiruler!HeisanirreligiousBa'athistandisnot
amongthebelievers.HecallstotheprinciplesofmisguidanceandKufranddeceivespeopleinthenameof
Islam.HecallstoJihadhypocriticallyandfalsely.Hadhebeentruthful,hewouldhavegivenup
transgressing,withdrawnfromthecountryandperformedTawbahforhaving

(PartNo:6,PageNo:102)

adheredtohisprinciples,whichopposeIslamwherethesourceoflegalizationistheQur'anandSunnah.

Hadhebeentruthful,hewouldhaveusedpeacefulmeanstoresolvethedisputebutnottotransgressand
threatenaneighboringcountry.HiscalltoJihadisnomorethanlying,andaformofhypocrisyanddeceit.
TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Helpyourbrotherwhetherheisanoppressororanoppressed,Amansaid,O
A l l a hsMessenger!Iwillhelphimifheisoppressed,butifheisanoppressor,howshallIhelphim?"TheProphet(peacebeupon
him)said, Bypreventinghimfromoppressing(others),forthatishowtohelphim. Furthermore,AlBara'(mayAllahbe
pleasedwithhim)stressedtheimportanceofsupportingtheoppressedintheauthenticreportrecordedby
A lBukhariandMuslimthat TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)orderedustodoseventhingsamongthemhelping
theoppressed. ItisobligatoryuponeveryMuslimtosupporttheoppressed,whentheyareableto.Theworse
theimpactofwrongdoingis,thegreatertheobligationtoresistit.Iftheoppressorisnotfought,Fitnahmay www.ircpk.com
spreadandharmmayincrease.Hemayinvadeothercountriesandworseconsequencesmightoccur,whose
scopeisknowntononebutAllah(ExaltedbeHe).

Duetothiscriticalsituation,theKingdomofSaudiArabiahadtoseekthehelpofMuslimandnonMuslim
countries.Ithadtodefendthecountryanditspeopleandescapetheevilofthisirreligiouscriminal.Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)granteditsuccessindoingsoandweaskHimtomaketheconsequencesgood,forsakethe
oppressor,sendsomeonewhoisabletopreventhisevilpower,maketheoppressorsufferdisgraceful
torment,defeathistroopsandmakethemfallintoconfusionandprotectusfromhisevilandtheevilofhis
like.WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tomaketheseeffortsbeneficialtomakethebadendfortheoppressors
andthosewhoarestubborntomakethebelievingpiouspeoplevictoriousandtohelpthesoldierswho
deterthisoppressortoreturnhomesafely.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:103)

Thosesoldiershaveonepurpose,whichisdrivingouttheoppressingtroopsfromKuwait.Neglectingthis
matterandbeingindifferenttoitisagreatdangerbecausetheoppressorhasahugeandwelltrainedarmy
thatwasengagedinwarfor8yearswiththeirneighboringcountry,Iran.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)facilitatedthe
gatheringofmanyarmiestofightanddeterhim,backtheoppressed,andrendertherightsbacktotheir
owners.

IaskAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)tomakethesemeansbeneficial,makethegoodendforthe
oppressed,andmakethiseventalessonandareminderforall.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, whileHehas
explainedtoyouindetailwhatisforbiddentoyou,exceptundercompulsionofnecessity TheSaudigovernmentaswellas
theGulfstatesareundernecessitytoseekhelpfromMuslimandforeigntroopstodeter,fightanddriveout
theoppressorwhorefusedtopeacefullywithdrawfromtheoccupiedcountryandtheboundariesofSaudi
Arabia.Manynegotiationsregardinghisrequestsfromhisneighborweremade,butinvain.Herefusedand
behavedarrogantly,obstinately,anddidnotcareabouttherightsofneighborhood,IslamandIhsan(the
perfectionofFaith).Thus,ithasbecomeobligatoryonthecountrytofightandtakeallnecessaryactionsthat
helpcombathim.

WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tomakethesemeansbeneficialtogivevictorytothetruthanditssupporters
toletdownfalsehoodanditspeopleandtohelpthewrongedpeoplereturnhomesuccessfully.Weask
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)toletdowntheoppressor,makehislotbeevilconsequences,anddefeathistroops
andlendthemtodisunity.MayAllahprotectusfromtheevilofthisFitnahandmakeitalessonforall
believerstolearnfrom.

WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tomakethisFitnahacauseforourreturntoHimandbeingfirminHisreligion
andagoodpreparationforfightingourenemies.

AfflictionsandFitan(trials)maybebeneficialfortheMuslimsinthewaythattheyjudgetheirdeedsand
strivetosupportthetruthandavoidtheprohibitions.Showingobediencebyfightingthisarmycouldbea
meansofachievingvictory,whereassinscouldleadtodefeat.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:104)

TheoppressedandparticipantsinJihadmustbepatientandpersevering,fearAllahandadheretoHis
religion,observeHisrightsandadviseeachothertoholdtothetruthandadviseeachothertobepatient.
Successandvictorywillbetheresult,asAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says, ButifyouremainpatientandbecomeAl
Muttaqn[thepiousSeeV.2:2],nottheleastharmwilltheircunningdotoyou.Surely,Allhsurroundsallthattheydo.

TheMuslimswillnotbeharmedbytheplotsoftheenemies,iftheyremainpatientandfearAllah(Exalted
beHe).Thegoodendwillbeforthemevenifagroupofthemisafflictedbycalamities,killedorhurt,
becauseAllah'spromiseistruthful.Allah(mayHebePraised)says, Sobepatient.Surely,the(good)endisforAl
Muttaqn(thepious) , Andthegoodend(i.e.Paradise)isfortheMuttaqn(thepious). Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays:
AndwhosoeverfearsAllhandkeepshisdutytoHim,Hewillmakeawayforhimtogetout(fromeverydifficulty). AndHewill
He(mayHebePraised)alsosays, andwhosoeverfearsAllhandkeeps
providehimfrom(sources)henevercouldimagine.
AllMuslims,maleandfemale,inthesecountriesand
hisdutytoHim,Hewillmakehismattereasyforhim.
everywheremustholdfasttoAllah'sDinandpreserveHiscommandsandshunHisProhibitionsandbe
truthfulinfightingtheenemiesincludingthisoppressornamely,theIraqirulerandhistroops.Theyshould
uniteagainstthisdisbelievingenemyandhisatheistparty.WeshouldimplementAllah'sordersandjudge
accordingtotheteachingsofShari`ahtobevictorious.TheMuslimcountrieshavetojudgetheirdeedsand
striveforAllah'scausetruthfullyandapplytheteachingsofShari`ahtoallaffairs.LikethearkofNuh,the
IslamicShari`ahbroughtbytheProphet(peacebeuponhim)isconsideredtobeameansofrescueforall
peopleonearth.WhoeveradheresandobservesitwillbesavedintheworldlylifeandtheHereafterand
whenheisaffectedbymisfortunessuchasdisastersorwars,hewillbesavedandthegoodendwillbehis
inthislifeandtheHereafter.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:105)

WhenthebelieversamongthePeopleofNuh(peacebeuponhim)wereafflictedwithcalamities,theywere
orderedtoboardtheshipandHesavedthemduetotheirfaithandthefactthattheyfollowedProphetNuh
(peacebeuponhim).Thebelieversatalltimesshouldbelikethis.Theyhavetobepatientandfirmin
religionuntiltheyfindrelieffromAllah(ExaltedbeHe)whosaysinSurahFussilat, Verily,thosewhosay:"Our
LordisAllh(Alone),"andthentheystandfirm,onthemtheangelswilldescend(atthetimeoftheirdeath)(saying):"Fearnot,nor
grieve!ButreceivethegladtidingsofParadisewhichyouhavebeenpromised! "Wehavebeenyourfriendsinthelifeofthisworld www.ircpk.com
andare(so)intheHereafter.Thereinyoushallhave(all)thatyourinnerselvesdesire,andthereinyoushallhave(all)forwhichyou
ask. "Anentertainmentfrom(Allh),theOftForgiving,MostMerciful." Likewise,inSurahAlAhqafAllah(Glorifiedbe
He)alsosays: Verily,thosewhosay:"OurLordis(only)Allh,"andthereafterstandfirmandstraightontheIslmicFaithof
Monotheism,onthemshallbenofear,norshalltheygrieve. SuchshallbethedwellersofParadise,abidingtherein(forever)a
rewardforwhattheyusedtodo.

AllMuslims,whethertheyareintheArabianPeninsulaoranywhereelsemenorwomen,rulersorsubjects,
mustfearAllah(ExaltedbeHe),befirminreligionandbringthemselvestoaccountinordertofindout
wherethefaultlies.Itiswellknownthatsinsmaybethecauseofafflictions,asAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says,
Andwhateverofmisfortunebefallsyou,itisbecauseofwhatyourhandshaveearned.AndHepardonsmuch.(SeetheQurnVerse
35:45).

Thiscatastrophe,whichwesuffer,istheresultofoursinsandourheedlessness.We,therefore,haveto
returntoAllah(ExaltedbeHe),judgeourdeedsandstriveforHiscause.WemustalsoavoidHis
prohibitionsandrecommendoneanothertothetruthandpatiencesothatAllahmaymakeusvictoriousand
protectusfromtheevilofourselvesandourenemies,asAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Butifyouremainpatient
andbecomeAlMuttaqn[thepiousSeeV.2:2],nottheleastharmwilltheircunningdotoyou. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)also
says: HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,righteousnessandpiety)butdonothelponeanotherinsinand
transgression. He(mayHebePraised)alsosays, Oyouwhobelieve!Ifyouhelp(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,and
makeyourfootholdfirm.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:106)

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Verily,AllhwillhelpthosewhohelpHis(Cause).Truly,AllhisAllStrong,AllMighty.
Those(Muslimrulers)who,ifWegivethempowerintheland,(they)enjoinIqamatasSalt[i.e.toperformthefivecompulsory
congregationalSalt(prayers)(themalesinmosques)],topaytheZaktandtheyenjoinAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandall
thatIslmordersonetodo),andforbidAlMunkar(i.e.disbelief,polytheismandallthatIslmhasforbidden)[i.e.theymakethe
Qurnasthelawoftheircountryinallthespheresoflife].AndwithAllhreststheendof(all)matters(ofcreatures). He(Exalted
beHe)says, ByAlAsr(thetime). Verily,manisinloss, Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)anddorighteous
gooddeeds,andrecommendoneanothertothetruth[i.e.orderoneanothertoperformallkindsofgooddeeds(AlMaruf)which
Allhhasordained,andabstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeeds(AlMunkarwhichAllhhasforbidden],andrecommendone
anothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,andinjurieswhichonemayencounterinAllhsCauseduringpreachingHisreligionof
IslmicMonotheismorJihd). Thosewhohavegreatfaith,dogooddeeds,andcommandoneanothertopatience
andtrutharethewinnersinalltimesandplaces.

TheremedyofthisFitnah,likeallothers,istobesteadfastonthetruthandtostriveconsistentlybyall
possiblemeansmilitaryoption,diplomacy,andallothermeansallowedbyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)toresolve
problems,detertheoppressor,andrendertherightstotheirowners.

Thereisnothingwrongwithseekinghelpoftheenemies,whoadvocatefortheMuslimsandareableto
achievevictorywhenthelatterfearstobedefeated.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim),thebestofcreation,
soughtthehelpofAlMut`imibn`AdywhowasaKafir(disbeliever)whenAbuTalibtheProphet'suncledied.Al
Mut`im,whowasapopularandpowerfulfigure,offeredprotectiontohim.WhenAbuTalibdied,theProphet
(peacebeuponhim)wentto A lT a ' i f tocallitspeopletoIslam.He(peacebeuponhim)wasnotableto
returnhomeatMakkahfearingthepeopleofMakkah.HesoughttheprotectionofAlMut`imibn`Ady,thepagan
chief,respondedfavorably.WhentheProphet(peacebeuponhim)neededaguidetoshowhimthewayto
Madinah,hehiredoneofthepaganstoguidehimtoMadinahbecausehewassureofthelatter'shonesty.

WhentheProphet(peacebeuponhim)wasinneedoftheJewsaftertheconquestofKhaybar,theywere
assignedtotakecareofthepalmsandfields.Theyagreedthattheharvestistobedividedintohalves
betweenthemandtheMuslims.ThatwasbecausetheMuslimswerebusyinJihad.Althoughtherewas
hostilitybetweentheJewsandMuslims,he(peacebeuponhim)assignedthemtotakecareofthepalmsand
fieldsofKhaybarwhentherewasaneedforthat.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:107)

Thereisnothingwrongwithseekingthehelpoftheenemywhenthelatterisinfavorofusagainstour
enemies.WecanbenefitfromanenemyuntilAllah(ExaltedbeHe)helpsuscombattheotherenemyand
forcehimoutofthecountry.ThecaseisclearforthosewhoknowtheproofsofShari`ah,theoppressor's
stateandactsoftransgression,andthegreatdangerhemaybring.

TheCouncilofSeniorScholars,therefore,examinedthiseventthoroughlyanddecidedthatthereisnoharm
concerningthegovernmentseekinghelpofnonMuslimcountries.Thegovernmentdidsooutofnecessityto
avoidgreaterdangerthreateningthecountryifthisoppressorcontinuedinhistransgressionandruinedthe
country.Moreover,hemayreceivesupportfromotherpeopletopersistinthisfalsehood.

ThematterisdangerousandnonebutthosewhomAllah(ExaltedbeHe)endowedwithenlightenedinsight
canunderstandandknowtherealfactsandproperlyestimatetheoppressor'spower.WeaskAllah(Exalted
beHe)tomakethispoweragainsthimanddestroyhimandprotectusfromhisevilandthatofallenemies.
WealsoaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)toappointapiousmanoverIraqwhowillruleaccordingtoShari`ahand
implementAllah'scommand.MayAllahprotecttheIraqipeoplefromtheevilofthisoppressingruler,who
causeddamageandtormentfortheMuslimsandignitedthisFitnahandhugedanger.

WeaskAllahtojudgehimwithHisjusticeandtoeliminatehiminordertorelievetheMuslimsofhisFitnah.
WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tomaketheconsequencesgoodfortheMuslims,returntheoppressedtotheir
www.ircpk.com
countries,setrighttheiraffairs,implementAllah'scommandandprotectusandthemfromapparentand
hiddenFitan.

Isawitimperativetoexplainthisquestionindetailtoshowthetruthandvalidityofthedecisionofthe
governmentconcerningseekingthehelpofthenonMuslimcountriestofightthisoppressor.Manypeople
wereconfusedaboutthissituationandtheseverityofthegovernment'sneedtodoso.Theydonotknow
therealtyasitisandthedangerofthisatheistnamelytheIraqirulerSaddamHussein.

Owingtotheirignorance,theythoughtthatthisrulerwasrightandhadgoodreasonstocarryoutthis
invasion.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:108)

TheythoughtthatheisagoodMuslimwhocallstoIslamduetohisliesandhypocrisysomeofthese
peoplemayevenbehiredbytheIraqirulertotelllies,whiletheothersarenotawareoftherealityandare
confused.

Thisistherealsituationwherethisoppressortransgressedandinsistedonhistransgressionanddidnot
complywithAllah'scommand.Allah(mayHebePraised)orderedustofightthetransgressingparty,evenif
theyarebelievers,untiltheycomplywiththeCommandofAllah.Consequently,itisbettertofightanddeter
thispartywhoareatheistsanddisbelieversandsupporttheoppressedpartyusingallavailablemeans
leadingtovictory.Forsixmonths,theMuslimshavetriedandaskedthisrulertoreconsiderthematterand
withdrawfromKuwait,butherefused.Thus,warremainsthelastresort.Itwasnecessarytoseekhelpfroma
partywhoisstrongerthantheoppressedpartytounitewiththemandcombatandforceoutthisoppressor.

WeaskAllahtoeliminatehim,spoilhisevilplot,andstrikehimwiththeevilend.MayAllahprotectthe
Muslimsfromhisevil,grantthemvictoryovertheenemiesandsteadfastness,andreformtheiraffairsforHe
isAllHearer,EverNear.

EveryonehastolearnandbenefitfromthisFitnahinrectifyingouraffairsandbeingfirminobeyingAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger.Wemustjudgeourdeedssothatwefollowtherightwayandavoidany
other.Allah(mayHebePraised)hasafflictedpeoplewithcalamitiestolearnalesson,asHesays, itmaybe
thatyoudislikeathingandAllhbringsthroughitagreatdealofgood. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Jihd(holyfighting
inAllhscause)isordainedforyou(Muslims)thoughyoudislikeit,anditmaybethatyoudislikeathingwhichisgoodforyouand
thatyoulikeathingwhichisbadforyou.Allhknowsbutyoudonotknow. WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tomakethiswar
beneficialandmakeitsconsequencesgood.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:109)

WemustnotforgetwhathappenedtotheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andhisSahabah,thebestpeople,
ontheDayofAlAhzab.Thedisbelievingconfederatesnumberedaroundtenthousandfightersgathered
fromeverywhereandlaysiegearoundMadinah.Thehypocritesthensaid, "AllhandHisMessenger(
)promisedusnothingbutdelusion!" Allah(mayHebePraised)mentionedtheminSurahAlAhzabinHis
saying, Andwhenthehypocritesandthoseinwhoseheartsisadisease(ofdoubts)said:"AllhandHisMessenger(
)promisedusnothingbutdelusion!" Allah(ExaltedbeHe)grantedHisProphet(peacebeuponhim)victory
andinflictedaheavyblowontheConfederates.Asaresult,tentswereblownout,cookingvessels
overthrownandthefightersbecamehomeless.AfterthisdifficultytheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andhis
Sahabahexperienced,AllahsupportedhimandtheConfederatesreturnedhomeaslosers.

Similarly,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)supportedtheMuslimsduringtheBattleofUhudwhenthedisbelievers
gatheredtoinvadeMadinah.TheSahabahwereinjuredandkilledbythedisbelievers.However,Allah
eventuallymadethemvictoriousandmadethecalamityofevilontheirenemieswhoreturnedtoMakkah
disgraced.Duringthiswar,seventymenfromtheSahabahwerekilledandtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
andmanymenwerewounded.ThedisbelieversdidtheirbesttokilltheProphet(peacebeuponhim)but
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)supportedandprotectedhim.

WhentheMuslimswonderedwhysucheventstookplace,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, (Whatisthematterwith
you?)Whenasingledisastersmitesyou,althoughyousmote(yourenemies)withonetwiceasgreat Thephrase'twiceas
great'referstotheMuslims'victoryontheDayofBadr. yousay:Fromwheredoesthiscometous?Say(tothem),It
isfromyourselves(becauseofyourevildeeds). TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andhisSahabahsuffereddefeat
ontheDayofUhudbecauseofthegreedofthearchers.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)orderedthe
archerstowatchtheAlRumahmountain(Archers'mountain)andnottoleaveitlesttheenemyshouldenterthrough
it.Whenthearcherssawthattheenemywasdefeatedandthoughtthatthewarended,theylefttheir
stationsandwenttocollectthebooty.TheenemycamethroughthisplaceanddefeatedtheMuslims.The
maincauseofdefeatwasdisobeyingtheProphet'sorder.So,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)revealedthefollowing
Ayah, AndAllhdidindeedfulfilHisPromisetoyouwhenyouwerekillingthem(yourenemy)withHisPermission untilHis
saying

(PartNo:6,PageNo:110)

until(themoment)youlostyourcourageandfelltodisputingabouttheorder,anddisobeyedafterHeshowedyou(ofthebooty)
Itreferstothearcherswhofailedintheirtask,becauseoftheirdisputeanddisobeyingthe
whichyoulove.
Prophet'scommand.Asaresult,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)gavetheenemypoweroverthem,Hesays, (Whatis
thematterwithyou?)Whenasingledisastersmitesyou,althoughyousmote(yourenemies)withonetwiceasgreat,yousay:"From www.ircpk.com
wheredoesthiscometous?"Say(tothem),"Itisfromyourselves(becauseofyourevildeeds)."AndAllhhaspoweroverallthings.
Owingtothesinscommittedbysome,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)andhisSahabahwereexposedto
defeat,somewerekilledandotherswerewounded.Youcanimagineoursituation.

EveryMuslimintheworldisobligedtojudgetheirdeeds,strivethemselves,andexaminetheirdrawbacksto
performTawbah.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Oyouwhobelieve!FearAllhandkeepyourdutytoHim.Andletevery
personlooktowhathehassentforthforthemorrow Youshouldcontemplatewhatyouhavekeptforyourselvesof
deedsfortheHereafter.Ifthesedeedsaregood,begratefultoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andaskHimtogrant
yousteadfastness.Iftheyarebad,youaretoperformTawbahandreturntothetruth.Everybelieveris
obligedtohaveTaqwaofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andholdthemselvesaccountableallthetime,especiallyat
timesofafflictionsanddiversities,whichweexperienceinthepresent.WeshouldperformTawbahand
judgeourdeedsandstriveourselvesforAllah'scause.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)hasgivenpowertoourenemy
onlybecauseofoursins.WemustresorttoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)inhumilityandaskHimtograntusvictory
overthisenemy,tolethimdownandprotectusfromtheeviloftheenemies,ourownselvesandSatan.
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, WhenOurTormentreachedthem,whythendidtheynothumblethemselves(believewith
humility)? WeshouldfollowtheProphet's(peacebeuponhim)examplewhenheaskedAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
inthenightofthebattleofBadrtogranthimvictory.HesupplicatedtoAllahatnightto

(PartNo:6,PageNo:111)

granthimvictoryuntil A lSiddiq(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)cametohimwhentheProphet'souter
garmentfelldownsaying"Thisisenough,MessengerofAllah.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)willgrantyouvictory
andsupport."ThiswasthecasewiththeProphet(peacebeuponhim),thebestcreationandmasterof
Adam'ssons.Oursituation,therefore,necessitatesustoimploreAllah(ExaltedbeHe)earnestly.Wearein
direneedtoperformTawbah,cryoutoffearingAllah,askHimdayandnighttograntusvictory.Being
heedlessandsinfulisaseriousmatter,soeverysinfulmustperformTawbah.Whoevercommitsanysin
suchasneglectingSalah,dealingwithRiba,severingtieswithparentsorkinships,backbiting,ordrinking
intoxicantshastogiveupthesesinsandperformTawbah.

Everyone,whethertheyareordinaryemployees,presidents,kings,orministers,areobligedtojudgetheir
deedsandfearAllah(ExaltedbeHe).TheyhavetostriveandperformTawbahfromtheirmisdeeds
includingnegligenceoftheirworktheyshouldobeytheirmanagersonlyinwhatisgoodandreasonable.

Thesearethemeanstoachievevictoryandgoodoutcomes.Everyone,rulersorsubjects,havetobe
truthful,striveandperformsincereTawbahfromalltheirsins.TheymustalsoimploreAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
earnestly,askHimtograntthemvictoryandaid,andtoletdowntheenemyandspoilhisevilplots.They
mustalsotaketangiblemeanssuchasweapons,troops,andpower,asAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Andmake
readyagainstthemallyoucanofpower

(PartNo:6,PageNo:112)

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!Takeyourprecautions Thebelieversmustpreparethemselves


wellasmuchastheycantofighttheenemies,asAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Andmakereadyagainstthemall
youcanofpower ThispowerincludesprovidingtheMuslimswithweapons,soldiers,andgoodtraining.When
theMuslimsarekeentodoso,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)willprotectthemfromtheenemy'sevilandgrantthem
victory,asHe(mayHebePraised)says, HowoftenasmallgroupovercameamightyhostbyAllhsLeave?AndAllhis
withAsSbirn(thepatient). Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!Ifyouhelp(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewill
helpyou,andmakeyourfootholdfirm. He(mayHebePraised)alsosays, ButifyouremainpatientandbecomeAlMuttaqn
[thepiousSeeV.2:2],nottheleastharmwilltheircunningdotoyou.Surely,Allhsurroundsallthattheydo. Furthermore,
everyMuslimhastoappealtoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)repeatinghisDu`a'andaskHimtograntthegoodness
oftheworldlylifeandtheHereafter,asAllah(mayHebePraised)says, InvokeMe,[i.e.believeinMyOneness
(IslmicMonotheism)andaskMeforanything]Iwillrespondtoyour(invocation). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)also
says: AndwhenMyslavesaskyou(OMuhammad)concerningMe,then(answerthem),Iamindeednear(to
thembyMyKnowledge).IrespondtotheinvocationsofthesupplicantwhenhecallsonMe(withoutanymediatororintercessor).So
letthemobeyMeandbelieveinMe,sothattheymaybeledaright. He(mayHebePraised)alsosays, andaskAllhofHis
Bounty ItshouldbenotedthattheansweroftheDu`a'mustnotbeawaitedimpatiently.Itisauthentically
reportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Yoursupplicationisansweredunlessyouareimpatientsaying,'I
supplicatedbutleftdeprived,'thenfallintoregretandgaveupsupplication. ThebelievershouldnotgiveupmakingDu`a',
eveniftheanswerisdelayed.Allah(mayHebePraised)duetoHisprofoundwisdom,delaystheanswer
sothatmanmightcomprehendwhytheanswerofhisDu`a'isdelayed.Manstartstojudgehisdeedsand
strivetotakethestepsleadingtoacceptinghisDu`a'.AmongthesestepsareperformingsincereTawbah,
caringaboutgaininglawfully,causingthehearttobeattunedtoAllah'scommandswhilemakingDu`a',and
theotherthingswhichresultinbeneficialoutcomes.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:113)

IftheDu`a'isansweredimmediately,thesegreatbenefitswillbemissed.

HereisanexamplethatshowswhatwementionedaboveconcerningdelayingtheanswerofDu`a'.Prophet
Ya`qub(Jacob)(peacebeuponhim)supplicatedAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tobringbackhissonYusuf,butthe
answerofhissupplicationwasdelayedforalongtime.Yusufspentlongyearsinjail.Itshouldbenotedthat
theanswermaybedelayedeveniftheonemakingDu`a'isanobleprophetlikeYa`qub,sonofIshaq,son
ofIbrahim(peacebeuponthem).ItbecomesevidentthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasgreatwisdomin www.ircpk.com
delayingorhasteningtheanswerofDu`a'.ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheMessenger(peacebeupon
him)said, WheneveraservantsupplicatesAllahwithaninvocationthatdoesnotcontainasinorseveranceofone'sties,Allahwill
givehimoneofthreethings:hissupplicationwillbeacceptedinthislife,hissupplicationmaybesavedforhimintheHereafterorhe
maybesavedfromsimilarkindoftrouble.TheSahabahsaid:"Thenweshallsupplicateplentifully.''He(peacebeuponhim)said:
"Allahismoreplentiful(inresponding)." (RelatedbyImamAhmadinhisMusnad).

Inconclusion,theMuslimisprescribed,whentheanswerofhisDu`a'isdelayed,toponderwhytheanswer
isdelayed,whyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)gavetheenemypoweroverusandwhywewereafflictedwithsuch
calamity.

Allofus,individualsandgovernments,shouldjudgeourdeedsandstrivesothatweknowthedrawbacks
andsinsandusethelawfulremedyforthem.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidthateverydiseasehas
itsremedy.TheremedyofsinsisperformingTawbahandobeyingAllah'scommands.

EveryonehastoperformsincereTawbahtogetridofhissins.ItshouldbenotedthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
isneverunjusttoHisservants.Youmaybeunjusttoyourselfbycommittingthesins.TherulerofIraq,
SaddamHussein,wasunjusttoSaudiArabiaashefireditwithrockets.SaudiArabiasupportedhiminmanyways
againsthisenemy.SaddamhimselfmentionedtheaidofferedbyitinhislettersenttotheCustodianofthe
TwoSacredMosques.

Hementionedsomeofthe

(PartNo:6,PageNo:114)

assistanceyetconcealedothers.WecalleduponhimtowithdrawfromKuwaitfirstandthenwecoulddiscuss
otherproblems.KuwaitandSaudiArabiaofferedmanyfavorstoSaddamHusseinwhowasungratefultobothofthem.He
firedrocketsagainstKSAandconcentratedhisforcesnearitsborders.HeexpelledtheKuwaitipeople.Hewentagainstthe
sayingofAllah(ExaltedbeHe), Isthereanyrewardforgoodotherthangood? Duringtimesofafflictions,Saudi
Arabia,KuwaitandtheGulfstatesofferedalotofaidandsupportedhimasmuchastheycould,buthereacted
ungratefullyandaggressively.TheycalleduponhimtowithdrawfromKuwaitandtomakenegotiations
betweenhimandKuwaitconcerningtheproblematicissuestosolvethemthroughpeacefulmeans.However,
heurgedhissupporterstoharmpeopleinothercountries.Meanwhile,outofwickednessandhypocrisy,he
attackedtheJewsinordertodisunitetheAraballianceandremovethesiege.

WhydidheleavethemforsuchalongperiodanddidnotattackthembeforeattackingKuwait?Hehadto
attacktheJewsbecausetheyaretherealenemiesinsteadofattackinghisneighborsandthosewhomade
favorstohim.However,hiscunning,transgressionandhypocrisyledhimtoattacktheJewsatthattime.His
aimwastodispersetheAraballiancemobilizedtofighthimandconsequentlythesiegelaidagainsthim
wouldbelifted.Hisevilplotwasofnoavail.

WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tospoilhisevilplotsandtorespondtotheMuslims'supplicationsagainsthim
asheisanoppressor,cunning,deceiving,andahypocrite.Hesparednoefforttocauseaggressionand
transgression.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:115)

WeaskAllahbyHisMostBeautifulNamesandHonorableAttributestodestroyhim,turnthecalamityofevil
againsthim,letdownanddestroyhisoppressingsupporters,grantanyonewhoisconfusedabouthiscase
guidanceandinsight.MayAllahgrantMuslimsoldierspoweroverwhoeversupportshim,forHeistheMost
Generous!MayAllah(ExaltedbeHe)maketheMuslimsandwhoeversupportsthemvictoriousoverhimand
hisallies,byAllah'sFavor,destroyingtheoppressorandforcinghimoutofKuwaitinhumility!WeaskAllahto
appointapiousmanoverIraqtorulejustlyaccordingtoShari`ahandimplementAllah'scommand.

Obrothers!EveryMuslimintheworldisobligedtofearAllah(ExaltedbeHe),befirmonHisreligion,and
strivetodoso.Meanwhile,weshouldaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tograntthepiouspeopleoppressedHis
rapidvictoryandsuppressanddestroythisaggressor.MayAllah(ExaltedbeHe)appointapiousmanover
IraqtorulejustlyaccordingtoShari`ahandimplementAllah'scommand,forHe(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)istheMostGenerous!ThereisneithermightnorpowerexceptwithAllah.Maypeaceandblessingsbe
uponHisMessenger,ProphetMuhammadibn`Abdullah,andhisfamily,Companionsandfollowersin
righteousnessuntiltheDayofJudgment!

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:116)

QuestionsaftertheLectureandTheirAnswers

Q1:SomepeopledoubttheFatwa(legalopinion)issuedbytheCouncilofSeniorScholars
concerningseekinghelpfromNonMuslimstodefendMuslimlandsandfighttherulerofIraq,
sayingthatthereisnostrongevidencethatsupportsthisFatwa.WhatistheviewofYour
Eminence?

A : WehavepreviouslyexplainedinmanyarticlesandpointedoutthattheLord(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)statesintheEverGloriousQur'anthatitispermissibleforthebelieverstodo
whatHeprohibitedincasesofnecessity.He(ExaltedbeHe)says: whileHehasexplainedtoyouindetail
whatisforbiddentoyou,exceptundercompulsionofnecessity WhenHeprohibitedMaytah
(carrion/unslaughtereddeadanimals),blood,thefleshofswine,andthatwhichhasbeen
killedbystrangling,orbyaviolentblow,HeconcludedtheAyah(Qur'anicverse)bysaying: But
asforhimwhoisforcedbyseverehunger,withnoinclinationtosin(suchcaneattheseabovementionedmeats),thensurely,Allhis
OftForgiving,MostMerciful.

Thismeansthatthecountry,inthiscaseofnecessity,wasforcedtoseekthehelpofsome
nonMuslimcountriesagainsttheunjustoppressor,forhisdangerwasgreatandhehadother
perpetrators.Ifhegainedvictory,theirevilwouldprevail.Therefore,thegovernmentofSaudi
ArabiaandotherGulfcountriessawitnecessarytoseekthehelpofsuperpowercountriesto
fightthisatheistunjustenemyandputanendtohisevilandinjustice.

TheCouncilofSeniorScholarsintheKingdomofSaudiArabiareviewedthecaseanddecidedonthe
permissibilityofseekinghelpfromnonMuslimcountries.Itisobligatorytomakeuseof
whateverwardsoffevilwithoutanydelayitisobligatorytopromptlytakeactiontowardoff
harmfromMuslims,evenifthisistobeachievedbyseekingthehelpofagroupofMushriks
(oneswhoassociateotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)toresistaggressionand
removeinjustice.Thisiswhattheycamefornottoconquerthecountryorseizeit,butto
combataggressionandinjusticeandthenreturntotheircountries.Theyweretocombatthe
enemyandtheydidnotpurposefullykilltheinnocentortheciviliansrather,theywantedto
killtheunjustaggressors,aborttheirplots,andunderminetheirprovisionsandpowerinwar.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:117)

However,somebiasedrumormongerstellliestopeopleandsaythatthenonMuslims
besiegedAlHaramaynAlSharifayn(theTwoSacredMosques:theSacredMosqueinMakkah
andtheProphet'sMosqueinMadinah).Allthesearerumorsmadetospreadfalsehoodand
distractpeople,outofhatredorignoranceofsomepeople,orbecausetheyarehiredbythe
rulerofIraqtoconfusepeople.

Peopleareofdifferentkindssomeareunawareofanduncertainaboutfacts,someare
ignorantoftheShari`ahrulings,andothersareemployedbyunjustoppressorstodisturb
peopleandconfuseAlHaqq(theTruth).AllahistheOneWhosehelpissought.

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Q2:Someauthorizedbodiesdirectpeopletodocertainthingstoavoidthedangeroftoxic
gasesandharmfulairgasesisaMuslimtoblameforfollowingtheseinstructions?

A : AMuslimiscommandedtobecautiousandfollowtheinstructionsthatguardthemfrom
evil.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Oyouwhobelieve!Takeyourprecautions Thereisnothingwrongwith
followingtheusefulandguardingmeans,suchasusinggasmasksandotherpreventionsor
carryingweaponstoresistanyattackerortokillaserpentorscorpionduringSalah(prayer)
oranyothertimetowardofftheirevil.

Oneisorderedtotaketheusefulmeans.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Andmakereadyagainstthemall
youcanofpower Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!Takeyourprecautions Likewise,inthe
Ayah(Qur'anicverse)concerningSalatu lKhawf(Prayerintimesoffear),Allahorders
Muslimstobereadywithweapons: Whenyou(OMessengerMuhammad)areamongthem,and
leadtheminAsSalt(theprayer),letonepartyofthemstandup[inSalt(prayer)]withyoutakingtheirarmswiththem [Surah
(Qur'anicchapter)AlNisa']

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YouknowthattherearenonMuslimarmiesfightingwithusagainsttherulerofIraq.Isour
struggle

(PartNo:6,PageNo:118)

regardedasJihadbearinginmindthatweandthemfightunderonebanner?Arethosekilled
amongusmartyrs?

A : Theonewhoparticipatesinthiswarshouldpurifyhisintention,makingitsolelytoremove
injusticeandbenefitMuslimssothatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)rewardshimanddeemshimasa
martyrifheiskilled.Thearmiesdonotfightunderthebannersofdisbeliefbuteveryarmy
shouldhaveitscommander.SaudiarmieshavetheircommanderKhalidibnSultanunderthe
commanderi nchieftheCustodianoftheTwoHolyMosques.Similarly,otherarmiessuchas
theEgyptian,Syrian,British,andotherarmies,arecontrolledbyajointplanthattheycannot
deviatefrom.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, anddonotdispute(withoneanother)lestyoulosecourageandyour
strengthdeparts Theremustbeakindoforganizationandcooperationamongeveryonetoavoid
failureanddefeatbytheenemy.

OnceamancameandaskedtheProphet, "(Whatdoyouthink)ifamancomestomeinordertoseizemy
possession?"He(theProphet)said,"Donotsurrenderyourpossessiontohim."He(theinquirer)said,"Ifhefightsme?"He(the
Prophet)remarked,"Thenfight(him)."He(theinquirer)againsaid,"WhatdoyouthinkifIamkilled?"He(theProphet)observed,
"Youwouldbeamartyr."He(theinquirer)said,"WhatifIkillhim."He(theProphet)said,"HewouldbeintheHell." (Relatedby
MusliminhisSahih)Thisisthecaseofapersonwhodefendshisproperty.Then,whatdoyou
thinkofapersonwhodefendshisreligion,MuslimbrothersandthesanctitiesofIslam!The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)said, "Whoeveriskilleddefendinghisreligionisamartyrwhoeveriskilledindefenseof
hisownlifeisamartyrandwhoeveriskilledindefenseofhisfamilyisamartyr,hewhoiskilledindefenseofhispropertyisa
martyr.''

Thewarriorsinthiswar,ifAllah(ExaltedbeHe)purifiestheirintentions,aresimply
defendingthereligionofIslamandtheMuslims'lives,property,countries,andhonor.They
alsosavetheMuslimsfromthedangerofanirreligiousenemywhoseharmissevererthan
thatoftheJewsandChristians.ThisisgreatturmoilandJihadisconsideredasoneofthemost
importantdutiesinthisregard.Asforthosewhofightbythesideofthewrongdoer,theyare
promisedHellfortheyassisthiminhisinjusticeandaggression.Itisevenfearedthatthose
peoplewillreceivethesamejudgmentiftheyapproveofhisBa'thistdoctrineorconsider
killingMuslimstobepermissible.Undoubtedly,theysharethesinofdoinginjusticeand

(PartNo:6,PageNo:119)

aggression.WhetherornottheyareoutsidethefoldofIslam,isanissuewithmanydetails
however,theyareliabletopunishmenteveniftheyareMuslimsbecauseoffightingonthe
sideofaggressorsagainsttheirwrongedMuslimbrothers.

Ontheotherhand,theMuslimwhostandsagainsttheoppressorsandfightsthemisexpected
tohavegreatrewardiftheyarekilled,theywillbemartyrsiftheyaretakenprisonersor
hurt,theywillberewarded.Theywillbecreditedinanycase,ifAllah(ExaltedbeHe)purifies
theirintention.

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Q4:ManypeoplehavedoubtsthatfightingagainstSaddamisJihad(fighting/strivinginthe
CauseofAllah).Theythinkitisforgainingmaterialinterestssuchasoilandland.Hadthe
MuslimstriedfightingtheJews,thecoalitioncountrieswouldnothavestoodbytheirside.
TheJewshaveoppressedandoccupiedthelandsofMuslimsasdidtherulerofIraq.
Nevertheless,therightshavenotreturnedtoitspeopleuntilnow.WewouldlikeYour
Eminencetoexplainthispointtous.

A : TheJewspresentanothercasetheyhaveinvadedthelandofPalestine.Muslimsshouldfightto
drivethemoutofMuslimlandsandhelpourPalestinianbrotherstotriumphoverthemand
establishtheirIslamicstateontheirland.Undoubtedly,thisisobligatoryuponMuslim
countriesbutweshouldnotconfusebothissues.ThecasethattheIslamiccountriesdonot
fighttheJewsatthepresenttimeisnotanexcuseforSaddamtofightMuslimsintheArabianPeninsula
andKuwaitorforanyotherMuslimtohelphim.Inaddition,itisnotpermissiblefortheIslamic
countriestosupporthisaggressionandinjusticerather,heshouldberesistedandfoughtto
putanendtohisoppressionagainstMuslimswithallaffordablemight,actinguponAllah's
Saying(ExaltedbeHe): AndfightthemuntilthereisnomoreFitnah(disbeliefandpolytheism,i.e.worshippingothers
besidesAllh)andthereligion(worship)willallbeforAllhAlone[inthewholeoftheworld]. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)also
says: Andiftwopartiesorgroupsamongthebelieversfalltofighting,thenmakepeacebetweenthemboth.Butifoneofthem
outragesagainsttheother,thenfightyou(all)againsttheonethatwhichoutragestillitcomplieswiththeCommandofAllh.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:120)

IfthebelievingoutrageouspartyshouldbefoughttillitcomplieswiththeCommandofAllah
andstopsitsoppression,thenfightingagainsttheunbelievingoppressingpartylikeSaddamand
hisBa`thistfollowerstakesgreaterpriorityuntiltheyreturntoAlHaqq(theTruth)andabandon
theiroppression.TheJewsposeanotherissueandfightingthemisaseparateobligationbutthe
aggressionofSaddamagainstKuwaitisanotherissueandheshouldberesistedandfoughtto
getridofhisevil.

Muslims'failuretofightwiththePalestiniansagainsttheJewsisnotanexcusetojustifytheir
failuretofightSaddam,whowentastrayliketheJewsandtheChristians.Heattackedapeacefulpeople
andintendedtoinvadetherestoftheGulfcountries,duetohisevilintentions.IfMuslimshad
goodintentionsandAllahguidedandsupportedthemtofightSaddamandhissoldiersand
rescueKuwait,theywould,inshaaAllah(ifAllahwills),beabletofight theJewsandsaveAlQuds.
ThisisadifferentJihad(fighting/strivingintheCauseofAllah)andobligation.Muslimsshould
alsofighttheKafirs(disbeliever)otherthantheJews,ifpossible,toletthementerintothe
religionofAllahinmultitudesorpaytheJizyah(polltaxrequiredfromnonMuslimslivingin
anIslamicstate).Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndfightthemuntilthereisnomoreFitnah
(disbeliefandworshippingofothersalongwithAllh)and(allandeverykindof)worshipisforAllh(Alone). Allah(Glorified
beHe)alsosays: Fightagainstthosewho(1)believenotinAllh,(2)norintheLastDay,(3)norforbidthatwhichhasbeen
forbiddenbyAllhandHisMessengerMuhammad(4)()andthosewhoacknowledgenotthereligionoftruth(i.e.
Islm)amongthepeopleoftheScripture(JewsandChristians),untiltheypaytheJizyahwithwillingsubmission,andfeelthemselves
subdued. MuslimsshouldfightalltheKafirs,untilthereligion,allofit,isforAllah,exceptfor
whoeverpaystheJizyahiftheyfailtodothis,theyarenottoblameiftheyfightotherswho
committransgressionsagainstthem.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: SokeepyourdutytoAllhandfearHim
asmuchasyoucan

(PartNo:6,PageNo:121)

TheJewsoccupiedPalestinesoallMuslimsshouldfightbythesideofthePalestiniansagainstthe
Jews.SaddaminvadedKuwaitandralliedarmiesagainstSaudiArabia,aimingatanewaggression,by
astubbornunjustoppressor,whoissevererthantheJewsandChristiansandshouldbefoughtforthe
CommunistsandBa`thistsareworseindisbeliefthanthePeopleoftheBook,mayAllahsaveMuslims
fromtheirevil!

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Q5:IsitobligatoryuponallMuslimstostandbytheKingdomofSaudiArabiaagainstthe
unjustoppressor?

A : ThisisourbeliefastheyshouldfighttheJewsaccordingtotheirability,theyshouldfight
Saddamaccordingtotheirabilityasaworseurgentpriority.TheyshouldstandonthesideofAl
Haqq(theTruth)againstfalsehoodatanytimeeverywhere.ThisisanobligationonMuslims
subjecttoabilityandmight.

ThisistosupportthewrongedpartyandresistthewrongfulpartyasAllah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)orderedandmadepermissibleinHisSaying: Andiftwopartiesorgroupsamongthe
believersfalltofighting asquotedbefore.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Andindeedwhosoevertakes
revengeafterhehassufferedwrong,forsuchthereisnoway(ofblame)againstthem. Theway(ofblame)isonlyagainstthose
whooppressmenandrebelintheearthwithoutjustificationforsuchtherewillbeapainfultorment. TheMessenger
(peacebeuponhim)orderedthatinhissaying: Helpyourbrotherwhetherheisanoppressororoppressed,A
mansaid,OAllahsMessenger!Iwillhelphimifheisoppressed,butifheisanoppressor,howshallIhelphim?"TheProphet(peace
beuponhim)said, Bypreventinghimfromoppressing(others),forthatishowtohelphim. IftheMuslimoppressor
shouldbepreventedfromoppression,thentheKafir(disbeliever)oppressorshould,asa
priority,receivethesame,duetohisKufr(disbelief)andinjustice,suchastherulerofIraqand
similarunjustatheists.

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Q6:IsitpermissibletocursetherulerofIraq(i.e.Saddam)takingintoconsiderationthat
somepeoplesayaslongashesaysthetwotestimoniesofIslam,nooneshouldcursehim?In
addition,isheregardedadisbeliever?WhatistheopinionofYourEminenceonthosewhosay
thatSaddamisadisbeliever?

A : HeisadisbelieverevenifheuttersthetestimoniesofIslamoroffersSalah(prayer)and
Sawm(fasting)aslongashedoesnotdisavow

(PartNo:6,PageNo:122)

theprinciplesofatheisticBa`thismanddeclarehisrepentancetoAllahfromthemandwhat
theycallfor.ThisisbecauseBa`thisminvolvesdisbeliefandaberrance.Heisregardedasa
disbeliever,unlesshedeclaresso.Asimilarcasetothisisthatof`AbdullahibnUbay,whois
regardedasadisbelieverdespitethatheusedtoperformSalahwiththeProphet(peacebe
uponhim)andsaidthetestimoniesofIslam.Thisdidnothelphimowingtohisdisbeliefand
hypocrisy.Accordingly,thosewhosaythetestimonyofIslamamongsttheadvocatorsof
disbelievingdoctrinessuchasBa`thists,communistsandthelikewhileofferingSalah,whichare
doneforworldlypurposes,thesethingswillnotsavethemfromdisbeliefastheyarebasedon
hypocrisy.AllahpreparedforthehypocritesaseveretormentintheHereafterasindicatedin
Allah'sSaying, Verily,thehypocriteswillbeinthelowestdepth(grade)oftheFirenohelperwillyoufindforthem. Saddam
claimsthatheisMuslimandsaysthathefightsinthecauseofAllahbutthisdoesnotavail
himorclearhimfromhypocrisy.HemustdeclarethathisrepentanceistoAllahofwhathe
believedinandprovesthiswithactions,soastoberegardedasatruebeliever.Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)said, Exceptthosewhorepentanddorighteousdeeds,andopenlydeclare(thetruthwhichthey
concealed). Repentanceinvolvesbothverbalandactualreform.Ifoneoftheseelementsisnot
fulfilled,apersonisnottruthfulinhisrepentance.Accordingly,ifSaddamistruthfulinhis
claimsofIslam,thenhemustdisavowBa`thism,leaveKuwait,returnrightstotheirowners,
declarehisrepentanceofBa`thismanditsprinciplesofdisbeliefandmisguidance.I
recommendthoseBa`thiststoreturntoAllahinrepentanceandadoptrealIslamwithits
principlesinwordandaction,outwardlyandinwardly.Theyshouldbeonthestraightpathof
thereligionofAllahandbelieveinAllah,HisMessenger,andtheHereafteriftheyaretruthful.

However,pretenseandhypocrisyisofnovaluetoAllahorthebelievers.Allah(mayHebe
ExaltedandGlorified)says: Verily,thehypocriteswillbeinthelowestdepth(grade)oftheFire They(thinkto)deceive
Allhandthosewhobelieve,whiletheyonlydeceivethemselves,andperceive(it)not! Intheirheartsisadisease(ofdoubtand
hypocrisy)andAllhhasincreasedtheirdisease.Apainfultormentistheirsbecausetheyusedtotelllies. Andwhenitissaidto
them:"Makenotmischiefontheearth,"theysay:"Weareonlypeacemakers." Verily!Theyaretheoneswhomakemischief,but
theyperceivenot. Andwhenitissaidtothem(hypocrites):"Believeasthepeople(followersofMuhammad,
A lAnsrandAlMuhajirn)havebelieved,"theysay:"Shallwebelieveasthefoolshavebelieved?"Verily,theyarethefools,butthey
knownot.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:123)

ThisisthesituationofSaddamandthelikeofthosewhodeclareIslamhypocriticallyand
deceptivelywhiletheyaffectMuslimswithkindsofharmandinjusticeandadheretothe
atheisticBa`thistbelief.

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Q7:IsthecooperationofthevolunteerswithpoliceofficersconsideredakindofAlRibat
(garrisoningMuslimfrontiers)?

A : Thecooperationofvolunteersinanycountrywiththesecurityforcesagainstcorruptionis
consideredJihad(fighting/strivingintheCauseofAllah)forwhomeverAllahhasgranted
sincereintention.ItcomesunderAlRibatfortheSakeofAllah,whichmeanskeepinga
guardingarmyreadytodefendMuslims'frontiersagainstenemies.Iftheenemyliesinsidethe
countryandthesecurityforcesneedMuslims'helpagainsttheenemy,thoseMuslimsare
hopefullyconsideredamongthosewhogarrisonMuslims'frontiersandwillhavetherewardof
garrisoningforprotectingthecountryagainsttheplotsofinteriorenemies.Likewise,
cooperationwiththeofficersoftheCommitteeforthePropagationofVirtueandthe
PreventionofVice(CPVPV)isconsideredJihadintheCauseofAllah,forwhoeverdoesthisfor
theSakeofAllah.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: AsforthosewhostrivehardinUs(OurCause),Wewillsurely
guidethemtoOurPaths(i.e.AllhsreligionIslmicMonotheism).Andverily,AllhiswiththeMuhsinn(gooddoers)."

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: NeverhadAllahsentaProphetbeforemetoanationbuthehadamonghis
people(his)disciplesandcompanionswhofollowedhiswayandobeyedhiscommand.Then,therecameafterthemtheirsuccessors
whosaidwhatevertheydidnotpracticeandpracticedwhatevertheywerenotcommandedtodo.Hewhostrivesagainstthemwith
hishandisabeliever:hewhostrivesagainstthemwithhistongueisabeliever,andhewhostrivesagainstthemwithhisheartisa
believerandbeyondthatthereisnofaitheventotheextentofamustardseed. (RelatedbyImamMusliminhisSahih
(authentic)Bookontheauthorityof`AbdullahibnMas`ud[mayAllahbepleasedwithhim]).

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Q8:Somephysiciansandworkersinthefieldofoilask,"Iftheyhavetheintentionofworking
fortheSakeofAllah,andtheyhappentobekilledbytherocketsshotbytherulerofIraq,will
theybecomemartyrs?

A : IftheyareMuslims,theywillbemartyrsiftheyarestruckbyrocketsoranythingelsethat
causestheirdeath.Theywillhavetherulingofmartyrs.Similarly,anyMuslimwhoiskilled
wrongfullyanywherewouldbeamartyr.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: "Hewhoiskilledin
defenseofhisfaithisamartyrhewhoiskilledindefenseofhispropertyisamartyrhewhoiskilledindefenseofhisownlifeisa
martyrandhewhoiskilledindefenseofhisfamilyisamartyr.''

(PartNo:6,PageNo:124)

ItisauthenticallyreportedintheSahih(authentic)BookofMuslim,thatamancametothe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)andsaid: "OMessengerofAllah,whatshouldIdoifamancomestoseizemymoney?
Hesaid:'Donotgivehimyourmoney.'Hesaid:'Whatifhefightswithme?Hesaid:'Fighthim.'Hesaid:'Whatifhekillsme?'Hesaid:
'Youareamartyr.'Hesaid:'WhatifIkillhim?'Hesaid:'HeisinHellFire.'"

ThisgreatHadithindicatesthataMuslimkilledunjustlyisamartyr.AllPraiseandGraceare
duetoAllahAloneforthat.

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Q9:Isitpermissibleforonetoraiseone'shandswhenmakingDu`a'(supplication)especially
whentravelingbyair,car,train,etc.?

A : RaisingthehandswhileofferingDu`a',whereverapersonmaybe,isoneofthecausesof
acceptanceoftheDu`a',astheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated: Allahischaracterizedbymodesty
andreserve,andisashamedtoturnawayHisservantemptyhandedwhenheraisesthemtoHim. TheProphet(may
Allah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: Allah(mayHebeExalted)isgoodandacceptsonlythat
whichisgood.AllahhascommandedthebelieverstodothatwhichHecommandedthemessengers.Thus,He(mayHebeExalted)
states: Oyouwhobelieve(intheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)!EatofthelawfulthingsthatWehaveprovidedyouwith,
andbegratefultoAllh Allah(mayHebeGlorifiedandExalted)alsosays: O(you)Messengers!EatoftheTayyibt[allkindsofHall
foodswhichAllhhasmadelawful(meatofslaughteredeatableanimals,milkproducts,fats,vegetables,fruits,etc.]anddorighteous
deeds. Thenhementioned[thecaseof]amanwho,havingjourneyedfar,isdisheveledanddustyspreadingouthishandstothesky
[saying]:"OLord!OLord!"whilehisfoodisunlawful,hisdrinkunlawful,hisclothingunlawful,andheisnourishedunlawfully,so
howcanhebeanswered! (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih'authentic'BookofHadith).

ThisHadiththusimpliesthatoneofthereasonsforwhichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)respondsto
Du`a'isthatapersonraiseshishandsduringtheDu`a'.TheHadithalsoimpliesthatoneof
thereasonsforwhichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)doesnotrespondtoDu`a'isthatapersoneats
unlawfulsources.However,thevirtueofraisinghandsduringDu`a'applieswhetheraperson
isaboardaplane,atrain,acar,aspacecraft,etc.OnlyincaseswheretheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)didnotraisehishandsinDu`a',shouldwedothesameandnotraiseourhands.
OneofthesecasesisduringKhutbah(sermon)forJumu`ah(Friday)PrayerastheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)didnotraisehishandsduringthistime,unlesshewasmakeDu`a'for
rain.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsodidnotraisehishandsbetweenthetwoSujuds
(Prostrations)andbeforeTaslim(salutationofpeaceendingthePrayer)whenconcluding
Tashahhud(arecitationinthesittingpositioninthelastunitofPrayer).He(peacebeupon
him)didnotraisehishandsafterconcludingtheobligatorySalahs(Prayers)withTaslim,but
wouldonlyreadtheprescribedAdhkar(invocationsandremembrancessaidatcertaintimes
onaregularbasis).WehavethustoimitatetheProphet'spractice

(PartNo:6,PageNo:125)

fortheProphet'sdoingofsomethingorrefrainingfromdoingitisaproofthatwemust,or
mustnotdothesame.Again,wearetoraiseourhandsinthecaseswhichtheProphet(peace
beuponhim)didsofollowinghisexample(peacebeuponhim).Thisisalsobecauseraising
thehandsduringDu`a'isoneofthereasonsforacceptancebyAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Sowe
shouldalsoraisehandsduringDu`a'incaseswherethereisnonarrationdefiningwhetherhe
(peacebeuponhim)raisedhishandsornot,forraisinghandsisacauseofacceptance.

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Q10:IsthelasthourofAsr(afternoon)ofFridaysthehourofansweredinvocation?Doesa
MuslimhavetostaythishourintheMasjid(mosque)andsoshouldwomenbeintheirhomes?

A : TherearetwosoundopinionsregardingthehourofresponseonFriday.First:Thishour
startsafter`AsrtillthesunsetsforthosewhositandwaitforMaghrib(Sunset)Prayer,
whetherthisisintheMasjidorathomesolongastheyaremakingDu`a'(supplication)to
theirLord,andwhethertheyaremenorwomen,fortheDu`a'ismoredeservingtobe
answeredforwhoeverdoesit.However,menarenotallowedtoofferMaghriboranyother
prayerathomeexceptforalegalexcuse,asknownbylegalevidence.

Second:ItlastsfromthetimetheImam(theonewholeadscongregationalPrayer)sitsonthe
Minbar(pulpit)todelivertheKhutbah(sermon)ofFridayPrayertilltheSalahisfinished.
MakingDu`a'atthesetwotimesismoredeservingtobeansweredbasedontheauthentic
Hadithsreportedinthisregard.Thehourofresponsemayalsobesoughtatothertimesofthe
dayAllah'sGraceisimmense(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).

Du`a'isansweredinallprayers,obligatoryandsupererogatoryalike,andduringSujud
(prostration).TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: TheclosestthatsomeonemaybetohisLordiswhen
theyareprostrating,somakealotofDu`a'(inSujud) (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih(authenticbookof
Hadith)ontheauthorityofAbuHurayrah(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)).Muslim(mayAllahbe
mercifulwithhim)alsorelatedinhisSahihontheauthorityofIbn`Abbas(mayAllahbepleased
withbothofthem)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: AsforRuku`(bowing),extoltheLordinit,
andregardingSujud(prostration)striveinDu`a'(init),forwhereinyouhavebetterchancetobeanswered.

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Q11:ThereisaHadiththatreads: AllahhasangelsroamingtheroadswhoencompassthepeopleofDhikr
(remembranceofAllah).

(PartNo:6,PageNo:126)

ItissaidthatsomeSufistakethisHadithasprooftosupporttheirdeeds.HowcanYour
Eminencerefutetheirallegation?

A : ThisHadithisSahih(authentic),andreadsasfollows: Allahhasangelsroamingtheroadstosearchfor
thesessionsofDhikr.WhentheyfindsomepeoplerememberingAllah,theycalltooneanotherandsay,'Cometowhatyouare
lookingfor.' Theythenencompassthemuntiltheyreachheavens,andlistentoDhikrand
righteousdeeds.Then,whentheyascendtotheheaven,Allahaskthemaboutwhatthey
foundHe(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)istheBestKnowerandtheytellHimwhatthey
witnessed.ThereisnoevidencefortheSufisinthisHadith.Sufisareinnovatorsandshouldabide
bytheShari`ah(Islamiclaw)andperformlawfulDhikr.Iftheydothis,thisisgoodandthey
willberewardedbyAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)iftheyremainsteadfastonTawhid(beliefinthe
OnenessofAllah/monotheism).DhikrincludesteachingtheEverGloriousQur'an,thepurified
Sunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet)andusefulkindsofknowledgethatbenefit
peoplewithregardtotheirreligionandworldlylife,alongwithsincerelyseekingthereward
fromAllah(GlorifiedbeHe).

Accordingly,thepresenceofangelsinDhikrgatheringsisnotasupportingevidencefor theSufis
ortheirBid`ahs(innovationinreligion),whichAllahhasnotordained.Someofthemofferacts
ofworship,whichAllahhasnotsetsomeworshipthedeadingravesbyseekingtheirhelp,
makingvowsforthem,circumambulatingaroundtheirgraves,etc.Theyinnovatekindsof
Dhikrand`Ibadah(worship),whichAllahhassentdownnoauthorityfor,besidemanyother
falseTariqahs(Sufiorders).WeaskAllahtograntusandthemguidance.MayAllahgrantus
success!

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Q12:Ifmyparentsordermetoabandonmygoodpurefriendsandnottravelwiththemto
perform`Umrah(lesserpilgrimage),bearinginmindthatIamonmywaytobecome
religiouslycommitted,shouldIobeytheminthismatter?

A : YoudonothavetoobeythemindisobeyingAllahorinanythingthatwilladverselyaffect
you,becausetheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Obedienceisonlywithregardtowhatisrightandproper.
TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: Thereisnoobediencetoany
createdbeingifitinvolvesdisobediencetotheCreator. Apersonwhotellsyounottobefriendgoodpeopleis
nottobeobeyed,whethertheyareyourparentsoranyoneelse.Youshouldnotobeyanyone
whotellsyouto

(PartNo:6,PageNo:127)

befriendevilpeopleeither.Butyoushouldspeaktoyourparentsinagoodmannerandina
waythatisbetter,suchassayingThesearegoodpeople,Ibenefitalotfromthem,Iamfond
ofthemandIamlearningalotfromthem.Youshouldrespondtothemwithkindwordsand
goodmanners,andnotwithharshness.Iftheypreventyoufromkeepingtheircompany,do
nottellthemthatyoufollowgoodpeopleandareintouchwiththem,orthatyouhavegone
placeswiththemiftheydonotapproveofthat.Youonlyhavetoobeythemwithregardto
actsofworshipandwhatisgoodandproper.

Iftheytellyoutobefriendbadpeople,smoke,drinkKhamr(intoxicant),commitZina
(premaritalsexualintercourseand/oradultery),orothersins,thendonotobeythemor
anyoneelsewhotellsyoutodosuchthings,becauseofthetwoHadithsquotedabove.May
Allahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

Q13:InourMasjid(mosque),thereisanalarmsystemandtheworkersinchargeareofthe
CivilDefensewhoworkfortwentyfourhoursandsmokeinaroomadjacenttotheMasjid.
Kindly,advisethem,mayAllahrewardyouthebest!

A : ItisnotpermissibletosmokeinMasjidsoranyroomsadjacenttothem,forsmokingis
Haram(prohibited)andsmokingintheMasjidisevenworseandworse.TheProphet(peace
beuponhim)forbadewhosoeverategarlicoronionfromenteringtheMasjid,whatabout
smokinginit!Itiswellknownthatonionandgarlicarelawfulfoodsbuttheyhavea
detestablesmell,sotheProphet(peacebeuponhim)forbadewhoeveratethemfrom
enteringtheMasjiduntilthesmellgoesaway.

IfthepersonwhoeatsonionandgarlicdoesnotentertheMasjid,howaboutapersonwho
smokescigarettes,whichareHaramandharmfultothem,theirfamily,andwhoeverinhales
itssmoke.SuchworkersshouldavoidsmokingintheroomadjacenttotheMasjid.Theyshould
giveupsmokinganywhereandatanytime,becauseitisprohibitedandevil.Itposesharmto
themwithregardtotheirreligion,life,health,andeconomyitisanutterevil.WeaskAllah
tograntguidancetoall.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:128)

Q14:WewouldlikeYourEminencetotellusthestoryofthebattleofAlKhandaq(The
Trench)?DoesitbearresemblancetothesituationoftheMuslimsnowadays?

A : TheBattleof A lKhandaqwasagreattrialwithwhichAllahtriedMuslims,settheargument
againsttheKafirs(disbelievers)andgaveHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)andthe
believersvictory.TheConfederatesoftheKafirsgatheredandinvadedMadinah,soitisalso
calledthebattleofAlAhzab(Confederates).TheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)duga
trencharoundMadinahaftertherecommendationofSalmanAlFarisy(mayAllahbepleasedwith
him).AlKhandaqwasbetweenhimandtheenemiesandAllahmadeituseful.TheKafirssetMadinah
undersiegefortwomonths.Inthisbattle,AllahsentdownHisSaying(GlorifiedandExalted
beHe): Oyouwhobelieve!RememberAllhsFavourtoyou,whentherecameagainstyouhosts,andWesentagainstthema
windandforcesthatyousawnot[i.e.troopsofangelsduringthebattleofAlAhzb(theConfederates)].AndAllhisEverAllSeerof
whatyoudo. Whentheycameuponyoufromaboveyouandfrombelowyou,andwhentheeyesgrewwildandtheheartsreached
tothethroats,andyouwereharbouringdoubtsaboutAllh. There,thebelieversweretriedandshakenwithamightyshaking.
Andwhenthehypocritesandthoseinwhoseheartsisadisease(ofdoubts)said:"AllhandHisMessenger()
promisedusnothingbutdelusion!" Thus,hypocrisyappearedandtheMushriks(oneswhoassociate
otherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)ralliedtofighttheMessengerofAllah(peacebe
uponhim).ItiscalledthebattleoftheConfederates,becauseQurayshralliedmany
confederatesfromGhatafanandoutsideGhatafanandfromAlAhabish(atribe),totheextentthatitwas
reportedthattheycameintenthousandstodestroyMadinahanderadicatetheProphet(peace
beuponhim)andhisCompanions.However,theyweredisappointedandreturneddespised,
praisebetoAllah,asAllahsentagainstthemtroopsofangelswhichtheydidnotseeanda
windthatshookanddispersedthem.TheMuslimswhosufferedseverediversitywhen
hypocrisyappearedandthehypocritessaid: "AllhandHisMessenger()promisedusnothing
butdelusion!" TheymeantthatAllahpromisedthemahollowvictory.

ThiswasthebeliefoftheKafirsandhypocrites,mayAllahsaveusfromtheirevil.Thebattle
ofAlKhandaqisnotsimilartothecurrentincidentsitissevererexceptfortheKuwaitis.Asfor

(PartNo:6,PageNo:129)

thedisasterofKuwait,itisseverer,fortheyweredrivenoutoftheircountry,deprivedoftheir
propertiesandkilled.MayAllahavengethosewhooppressedthemandafflictthemwith
misfortunes.HeisAllHearer,EverNear.

www.ircpk.com

Q15:IlikeJihad(fighting/strivingintheCauseofAllah)andaskedmymothertoallowmeto
goforJihad,butsherefused.IambadlyaffectedandIcannotstandavoidingit.

YourEminence,mywishinlifeistoperformJihadandtobekilledintheCauseofAllah,but
mymotherdoesnotagree.Kindly,guidemetowhatIshoulddo.

A : Youshouldbekindtoyourmotherandstaywithherunlesstherulerordersyoutoperform
Jihad.Onlythenyouhavetorushtoit,astheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Wheneveryouare
called(forJihad),youshouldgoimmediately. AslongastherulerdoesnotimposeJihad,youshouldbe
goodandmercifulwithyourmother.Youshouldknowthathavingmercyuponherisakindof
greatJihad,whichtheProphetgaveprioritytooverJihadintheCauseofAllah.Itis
authenticallyreportedthattheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)wastold: OMessengerof
Allah,whatisthebestact?Hesaid:TobelieveinAllahandHisMessenger.Itwassaid:Whatisnext?Hesaid:Honoringandobeying
parents.Itwassaid:whatisnext?Hesaid:JihadintheCauseofAllah. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariand
Muslim)HementionedkindnesstoparentspriortoJihad.Amancametotakehispermission
saying: OMessengerofAllah,Iliketostrivewithyou?TheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)said:Areyourparentsalive?Hesaid:
Yes.TheProphetsaid:"Keeptostrivingintheirservice." (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim).

Inanothernarration,He(peacebeuponhim)said: Gobacktothemandaskfortheirpermission.Iftheypermit
you,thenfight(intheCauseofAllah)otherwisebedevotedtothem. Accordingly,youshouldhavemercyupon
yourmotheranddealwithherkindlyuntilshegivesyouherpermission.Allthiscomesunder
jihadtalab(preventivewar),iftherulerdoesnotimposeJihad.However,ifdisasterbefalls
you,youshoulddefendyourselfandyourMuslimbrothers.Thereisneithermightnorpower
exceptwithAllah!Thus,iftherulerissuesorderstomarchforthforJihad,youshouldobey
orders,evenwithoutyourmother'sconsent.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Oyouwhobelieve!Whatis
thematterwithyou,thatwhenyouareaskedtomarchforthintheCauseofAllh(i.e.Jihd)youclingheavilytotheearth?Areyou
pleasedwiththelifeofthisworldratherthantheHereafter?Butlittleistheenjoymentofthelifeofthisworldascomparedtothe
Hereafter. Ifyoumarchnotforth,Hewillpunishyouwithapainfultormentandwillreplaceyoubyanotherpeopleandyoucannot
harmHimatall,andAllhisAbletodoallthings.

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Wheneveryouarecalled(forJihad),youshouldgoimmediately. (Agreed


uponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim)MayAllahguideusalltowhatHelikesandwhat
pleasesHim!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:130)

WhatareMuslimsobligatedtodoregarding

theIraqiinvasionofKuwait

Thisisamessagefrom`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaztowhoeverseesitofMuslims.MayAllah
guidethemandustothepathofHisbelievingservants!MayAllahprotectthemandusfrom
thepathofthosewhoincurredHiswrathandthosewhowentastray,Amen!

A ssalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbe
uponyou!):

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndI(Allh)creatednotthejinnandmankindexceptthattheyshould
worshipMe(Alone). Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Omankind!WorshipyourLord(Allh),Whocreatedyouand
thosewhowerebeforeyousothatyoumaybecomeAlMuttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2). Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)also
says: Omankind!BedutifultoyourLord,Whocreatedyoufromasingleperson(Adam),andfromhim(Adam)Hecreatedhiswife
[Haww(Eve)],andfromthembothHecreatedmanymenandwomenandfearAllhthroughWhomyoudemand(yourmutual
rights),and(donotcuttherelationsof)thewombs(kinship).Surely,AllhisEveranAllWatcheroveryou.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Omankind!BeafraidofyourLord(bykeepingyourdutytoHimand
avoidingallevil),andfearaDaywhennofathercanavailaughtforhisson,norasonavailaughtforhisfather.Verily,thePromiseof
Allhistrue:letnotthenthis(worldly)presentlifedeceiveyou,norletthechiefdeceiver(Satan)deceiveyouaboutAllh. Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Andtheywerecommandednot,butthattheyshouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHim
Alone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim),andperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt)andgiveZakt,andthatistheright
religion. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!FearAllh(bydoingallthatHehasorderedandby
abstainingfromallthatHehasforbidden)asHeshouldbefeared.[ObeyHim,bethankfultoHim,andrememberHimalways],anddie
notexceptinastateofIslm[asMuslims(withcompletesubmissiontoAllh)]. Andholdfast,allofyoutogether,totheRopeof
Allh(i.e.thisQurn),andbenotdividedamongyourselves Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!Keep
yourdutytoAllhandfearHim,andspeak(always)thetruth. Hewilldirectyoutodorighteousgooddeedsandwillforgiveyou
yoursins.AndwhosoeverobeysAllhandHisMessenger(),hehasindeedachievedagreatachievement(i.e.he
willbesavedfromtheHellfireandwillbeadmittedtoParadise).

Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!FearAllhandkeepyourdutytoHim.Andleteverypersonlookto
whathehassentforthforthemorrow,andfearAllh.Verily,AllhisAllAwareofwhatyoudo. Andbenotlikethosewhoforgot
Allh(i.e.becamedisobedienttoAllh),andHecausedthemtoforgettheirownselves,(letthemtoforgettodorighteousdeeds).
ThosearetheFsiqn(rebellious,disobedienttoAllh). NotequalarethedwellersoftheFireandthedwellersoftheParadise.It
isthedwellersofParadisethatwillbesuccessful.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:131)

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Say(OMuhammadtomankind):"Ifyou(really)
loveAllhthenfollowme(i.e.acceptIslmicMonotheism,followtheQurnandtheSunnah),Allhwillloveyouandforgiveyouyour
sins.AndAllhisOftForgiving,MostMerciful." Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndfeartheFitnah
(afflictionandtrial)whichaffectsnotinparticular(only)thoseofyouwhodowrong(butitmayafflictallthegoodandthebad
people),andknowthatAllhisSevereinpunishment.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,
friends,protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersoneto
do),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslmhasforbidden)theyperformAs
Salt(IqmatasSalt),andgivetheZakt,andobeyAllhandHisMessenger.AllhwillhaveHisMercyonthem.SurelyAllhisAll
Mighty,AllWise. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: "Truly!TheMuttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2)will
beamidstGardensandwatersprings(Paradise).

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Verily,fortheMuttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2)areGardensof
delight(Paradise)withtheirLord. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!Wardoff
yourselvesandyourfamiliesagainstaFire(Hell)whosefuelismenandstones,overwhichare(appointed)angelsstern(and)severe,
whodisobeynot,(fromexecuting)theCommandstheyreceivefromAllh,butdothatwhichtheyarecommanded. Thereare
manyAyahsconcerningenjoiningrighteousnessandobeyingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHis
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)anddeclaringthegoodendofthepious.

ThroughtheAyahswehavejustmentioned,Allah(mayHebePraised)explainsthatHe
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)createdmanandjinntoworshipHimandHeordersthemtodo
so.Allah(mayHebePraised)statesthatHeordersallpeopletoworshipandfearHim.He
ordersthebelieversinparticulartofearHimandfulfillHisrights.Allah(mayHebePraised)
alsocommandsthemtoholdfasttoHisRope(i.e.thisQurn)andtoadheretoHisShari`ah.
HeorderedthemtowardofffromthemselvesandtheirfamiliesthePunishmentofAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)ordersthemtobewareof
Fitnah(afflictionandtrial)whichaffectsnotonlythosewhodowrongbutalsoallgoodand www.ircpk.com
badpeople.He(mayHebePraised)explainsthatamongthereasonsthatmakeAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)loveHisservantsandamongthesignsoftheservantsbeingtruthfulinloving
theirLord,whichmakesAllah(ExaltedbeHe)lovethem,isthattheyhavetofollowthe
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)inallthatheconveyed,

andthattheyhavetoadheretoHisShari`ahintheirsayings,acts,andcreed.Allah(mayHe
bePraised)makesitclearthatamongthecharacteristicsandgreatethicsofthebelieversis
thattheyareAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(on
thepeople)AlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid
(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslmhas
forbidden).Thus,allMuslimseverywhereareobligedtoworshipAllahaloneandtofearHim
byfulfilling

(PartNo:6,PageNo:132)

HiscommandsandavoidingHisProhibitions.Muslimsareobligedtoloveoneanotherforthe
SakeofAllah.Theyshouldenjoinwhatisgoodandforbidwhatisevilsincethisbringsthem
happinessandsafetyinboththeworldlylifeandtheHereafter.

Thisalsoresultsintheirvictoryovertheirenemiesandprotectsthemfromtheirplotsand
evilsasAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Verily,AllhwillhelpthosewhohelpHis(Cause).Truly,Allhis
AllStrong,AllMighty. Those(Muslimrulers)who,ifWegivethempowerintheland,(they)enjoinIqamatasSalt[i.e.toperform
thefivecompulsorycongregationalSalt(prayers)(themalesinmosques)],topaytheZaktandtheyenjoinAlMarf(i.e.Islmic
MonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbidAlMunkar(i.e.disbelief,polytheismandallthatIslmhasforbidden)[i.e.
theymaketheQurnasthelawoftheircountryinallthespheresoflife].AndwithAllhreststheendof(all)matters(ofcreatures).
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!Ifyouhelp(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewillhelp
you,andmakeyourfootholdfirm. Taqwa(fearingAllahasHeshouldbefeared)isobeyingAllahand
HisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),steadfastadherencetoHisreligion,devotingworshipto
Allahalone,andadheringtotheShari`ahthroughutterances,actions,andbeliefs.Shari`ahis
thereligionofIslamwithwhichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)sentHisMessengersandScriptures.
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Verily,thosewhobelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)anddorighteousgood
deeds,forthemareGardensofDelight(Paradise).

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Whoeverworksrighteousnesswhethermaleorfemalewhilehe
(orshe)isatruebeliever(ofIslmicMonotheism)verily,tohimWewillgiveagoodlife(inthisworldwithrespect,contentmentand
lawfulprovision),andWeshallpaythemcertainlyarewardinproportiontothebestofwhattheyusedtodo(i.e.Paradiseinthe
Hereafter). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Allhhaspromisedthoseamongyouwhobelieveand
dorighteousgooddeeds,thatHewillcertainlygrantthemsuccessionto(thepresentrulers)intheland,asHegrantedittothose
beforethem,andthatHewillgrantthemtheauthoritytopractisetheirreligionwhichHehaschosenforthem(i.e.Islm).AndHewill
surelygivetheminexchangeasafesecurityaftertheirfear(provided)they(believers)worshipMeanddonotassociateanything(in
worship)withMe. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Truly,thereligionwithAllhisIslm.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Thisday,Ihaveperfectedyourreligionforyou,completedMy
Favouruponyou,andhavechosenforyouIslmasyourreligion. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Andwhoeverseeks
areligionotherthanIslm,itwillneverbeacceptedofhim,andintheHereafterhewillbeoneofthelosers. AdvisingHis
believingservantstoadheretopatienceandrighteousnessandtobewareoftheenemiesof
Allah,Allah(mayHebePraised)says: ButifyouremainpatientandbecomeAlMuttaqn[thepiousSeeV.2:2],not
theleastharmwilltheircunningdotoyou.Surely,Allhsurroundsallthattheydo. TherearemanyAyahsthatstress
thismeaning.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:133)

ItisdefinitelyobviousthatIraqhascommittedaggressionthesedaysagainstKuwait.Iraqhas
invadedKuwaitwithitsarmiesandweaponsofdestruction,whichresultedinbloodshed,
usurpingmoney,raping,displacingKuwaitipeople,andmobilizingarmiesattheborders
betweenSaudiArabiaandKuwait.Undoubtedly,thisactcommittedbyIraqisagreat
aggressionandanabominablecrimethatshouldbecondemnedbyArabandIslamiccountries.
ItiscondemnedandabhorredbythewholeworldbecauseitcontradictsthepurifiedShari`ah
andestablishedconventionsbetweenArabandMuslimcountries,andsoon.Thereisnodoubt
thatwhathappenedisduetosins,emergenceofevildeeds,andlackofwatchfulfaithand
deterringpower.

AllMuslimsshouldcondemnthisevilact,supporttheoppressedcountry,repenttoAllah,
reckonthemselvesconcerningthis,andhelponeanotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,
righteousnessandpiety)wherevertheyare.Theyshouldalsoadviseoneanothertostickto
truthandbepatientinthati.e.tostrivewithone'sselfagainsttheaggressors,toholdfirmto
theRopeofAllahaltogether,andtobeonerow,body,andconstructionagainsttheenemy
andoppressor,whetheraMuslimoranonMuslim.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says:
HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,righteousnessandpiety)butdonothelponeanotherinsinandtransgression.
AndfearAllh.Verily,AllhisSevereinpunishment.

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Andholdfast,allofyoutogether,totheRopeofAllh(i.e.thisQurn),andbenot
dividedamongyourselves ThenAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: ByAlAsr(thetime). Verily,manis
inloss, Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommendoneanothertothetruth
[i.e.orderoneanothertoperformallkindsofgooddeeds(AlMaruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfromallkindsofsinsand www.ircpk.com
evildeeds(AlMunkarwhichAllhhasforbidden],andrecommendoneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,andinjuries
whichonemayencounterinAllhsCauseduringpreachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd). TheProphet(peace
andblessingsbeuponhim)said: Thesimilitudeofbelieversinregardtomutuallove,affection,andfellowfeelingisthat
ofonebodywhenanylimbofitaches,thewholebodyaches,becauseofsleeplessnessandfever. He(peacebeuponhim)
alsosaid: "Afaithfulbelievertoafaithfulbelieverislikethebricksofawall,enforcingeachother.WhilesayingsotheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)claspedhishands,byinterlacinghisfingers. TherearemanyAyahsandHadithsstressing
thismeaning.

ItisobligatoryforthepresidentofIraqtofearandrepenttoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andhasten
towithdraw

(PartNo:6,PageNo:134)

hisarmyfromKuwait.Then,hecansolvehisproblemwithKuwaitthroughpeacefulmeansandfair
andimpartialsettlement.Ifthiscannotbereached,thenitisobligatorytorefertothe
purifiedShari`ahthroughformingalegalcourtconsistingofagroupofknowledgeable,
gracefulandfairscholarssoastojudgebetweenthem.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
says: Oyouwhobelieve!ObeyAllhandobeytheMessenger(Muhammad),andthoseofyou(Muslims)who
areinauthority.(And)ifyoudifferinanythingamongstyourselves,referittoAllhandHisMessenger(),ifyou
believeinAllhandintheLastDay.Thatisbetterandmoresuitableforfinaldetermination. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)also
says: Andinwhatsoeveryoudiffer,thedecisionthereofiswithAllh(HeistherulingJudge).

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Dotheythenseekthejudgementof(thedaysof)Ignorance?Andwhoisbetterin
judgementthanAllhforapeoplewhohavefirmFaith. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Butno,byyourLord,they
canhavenoFaith,untiltheymakeyou(OMuhammad)judgeinalldisputesbetweenthem,andfindinthemselves
noresistanceagainstyourdecisions,andaccept(them)withfullsubmission. InthisnobleAyah,Allah(mayHebe
Praised)swearsthatpeoplecanhavenofaithuntiltheymakeHisProphetMuhammad(peace
beuponhim)judgeinalldisputesthateruptbetweenthem.

WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tograntsuccesstoallMuslimleaders,whetherArabsornon
Arabs,andguidethemtoallthatbringshappiness,goodness,andsecurityforall.Wealsoask
HimtoprotectallfromfollowingtheirvaindesiresandSatan.AllahisAllHearer,EverNear.

AsforwhatwasdonebytheSaudigovernment,whichfounditselfobligedtoprotectitself
fromevilandseekthehelpofmultinationalforcesofMuslimsandothersinordertodefend
thecountryandMuslimsandwardoffanypossibleaggressionfromthepresidentofIraq,itisa
rightandsuccessfulprocedure.TheCouncilofSeniorScholarsIamoneofthemhasissued
astatementsupportingthestanceadoptedbytheSaudigovernmentinthisregard.The
CouncildeclaredthattheSaudigovernmentwassuccessfulinwhatitdid,inaccordancewith
Allah's(mayHebePraised)saying: Oyouwhobelieve!Takeyourprecautions Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)also
says: Andmakereadyagainstthemallyoucanofpower Thereisnodoubtthatseekinghelpfromnon
MuslimstodefendMuslims

(PartNo:6,PageNo:135)

andtheircountriesfromtheconspiracyoftheirenemiesispermissibleaccordingtoShari`ah.
Evenitisnecessaryandinevitablewhenthereisaneedforthat,becausethisimplieshelping
Muslims,protectingthemfromtheconspiracyoftheirenemies,andwardingoffanyexpected
aggression.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)foughtusingshieldsheborrowedfromSafwanIbn
UmayyahatthebattleofHunayn.ThishadhappenedbeforeSafwanembracedIslamhewasa
disbelieveratthetime.AllthepeopleofKhuza`ah,Muslimsandunbelievers,foughtwiththe
armyoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)intheConquestofMakkahagainsttheunbelievers
ofMakkah.

ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Youwillmakeapeacetreaty
withtheByzantinesandtogetheryouwillinvadeandtheywillrunaway.Youwillbevictoriousandtakemuchbooty. (Narrated
byAlImamAhmadandAbuDawudwithanauthenticchainofnarrators)

MyadvicetothepeopleofKuwait,otherMuslimseverywhere,andthepresidentofIraqandhis
soldiers,istomakeanewsincererepentanceandtoregretforthesinstheyhavecommitted
andtogiveupsuchsinsandtodeterminefirmlynottocommitsuchsinsagain,becausethere
arenumerousproofsoftheQur'anandtheSunnahindicatingthatallevilsinthislifeandin
theHereafterandeveryafflictionandmisfortuneisduetosinscommittedbypeopleand
violationoftheShari`ah.Allahsays: Andwhateverofmisfortunebefallsyou,itisbecauseofwhatyourhandshave
earned.AndHepardonsmuch.(SeetheQurnVerse35:45). Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Whateverofgood
reachesyou,isfromAllh,butwhateverofevilbefallsyou,isfromyourself. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Evil
(sinsanddisobediencetoAllh)hasappearedonlandandseabecauseofwhatthehandsofmenhaveearned(byoppressionandevil
deeds),thatHe(Allh)maymakethemtasteapartofthatwhichtheyhavedone,inorderthattheymayreturn(byrepentingtoAllh,
andbeggingHisPardon).

WhenMuslimsweredefeatedonthebattleofUhudandagreatnumberofthemfellinjuredand
dead,becausethearchersdidnotsticktotheirpositions,disputedwithoneanother,failed
anddisobeyedthecommandoftheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)thattheyshould
keepfightingattheirplaceevenifMuslimsachievedvictory,thiswashardonMuslimsto www.ircpk.com
acceptandAllahrevealedHisSaying: (Whatisthematterwithyou?)Whenasingledisastersmitesyou,althoughyou
smote(yourenemies)withonetwiceasgreat referringtothebattleofBadr yousay:Fromwheredoesthiscometo
us?Say(tothem),Itisfromyourselves(becauseofyourevildeeds).AndAllhhaspoweroverallthings.

InHisGreatBook,Allah(mayHebePraised)tellsusthatrepentanceisameansleadingto
success,forgivenessofone'ssins,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:136)

deservingtoenterJannah(Paradise),andgainingnobility.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
says: AndallofyoubegAllhtoforgiveyouall,Obelievers,thatyoumaybesuccessful Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)also
says: Andverily,Iamindeedforgivingtohimwhorepents,believes(inMyOneness,andassociatesnoneinworshipwithMe)and
doesrighteousgooddeeds,andthenremainsconstantindoingthem,(tillhisdeath). Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays:
Oyouwhobelieve!TurntoAllhwithsincererepentance!ItmaybethatyourLordwillexpiatefromyouyoursins,andadmityouinto
Gardensunderwhichriversflow(Paradise)

OutofthegreatestandmostobligatoryaspectsofrepentanceisdevotiontoAllahaloneinall
deeds,bewareofShirk(associatingothersinworshipwithAllah),whetherminorormajor,
beingcarefultoperformthefiveprayersattheirduetimesonthepartofmenandwomen,
andmenobservingperformingtheminmosqueswhereAllahorderstoberaisedandthatHis
Namebementioned,beingcarefultopayZakah,tofast,andtoperformpilgrimage,andto
enjoinwhatisgoodandforbidwhatisevil,toadviceoneanother,tocooperatein
righteousnessandpiety,andtorecommendoneanothertoholdfasttothetruthandtoshow
patiencewhendoingso.

IimploretoAllah,withHisMostBeautifulNamesandAttributes,torectifyheartsanddeeds
ofMuslims,grantthemdeepunderstandingofIslam,guidealltheirleaderstoapply,abideby,
andbecontentwithHisShari`ah(IslamicLaw),keepawayfromwhatopposesit,guidetheir
retinuetowhatisgood,andguidethemalltoHisRightPath.HeistheOneWhoisCapableof
doingso.

MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponourProphetandleaderMuhammadibnAbdullah
theleaderofthepious,thepatterntobefollowedbythosewhofightintheCauseofAllah,
andthebestservantofAllah,anduponhisfamily,Companions,andthosewhofollowedhimin
righteousness.

A ssalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbe
uponyou!)

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:137)

AdvicetoallMuslims

regardingIraq'sinvasionofKuwait

Q:YourEminenceSheikh`Abdul`AzizIbnBaz,someMuslimsinthiscountryareafflictedwithfear
andhorrorbecausetheyareexpectingawarinthenearfuture.Manyofthemhastenedtobuy
largeamountsofgoodsandfoodstuffstostorethem.Otherspreparethemselvestoleavethe
cityofRiyadhbecausetheyfearthatwarmaybreakoutatanytime.Whatisyouradviceto
theminthisregard?

A : InthenameofAllah,themostGracious,themostMerciful.PraisebetoAllah,theLordof
theWorlds.MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponHisMessenger,hisfamily,Companions
andthosewhofollowedhisguidance!

MyadvicetoallMuslimsintheKingdomofSaudiArabia,intheGulfcountries,andeverywhereisto
fearAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)andtoholdfasttoHisReligioninalltimes,
particularlyinsuchcircumstanceswhenweareexperiencingtheaggressioncommittedbythe
rulerofIraqagainstKuwait.TheMuslimsareobligedatalltimestofearAllah(mayHebeExalted
andGlorified),toholdfasttoHisReligion,andtobewareofthesayingsanddeedsAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)prohibitedforthem.Formsofobedienceresultinworldlyandeternal
goodness,fortheybringsecurityandhappinessandextinguishturmoil.

SinscauseevilinthislifeandtheHereafter.EverygoodinthislifeandintheHereafteristhe
resultofobeyingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andfollowingHisShari'ah,andconverselyeveryevilin
thislifeandintheHereafteristheresultofdisobeyingAllah(ExaltedbeHe),associating
otherswithHim,anddeviatingfromHisReligion.

TheincidentsthathappenedintheGulfareduetowhathasbeencommittedbypeoplelike
disobeyingtheorderofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),and
violatingthelimitsofAllah(mayHebeExaltedandGlorified)whosaysinHisNobleBook: And
whateverofmisfortunebefallsyou,itisbecauseofwhatyourhandshaveearned.AndHepardonsmuch.(SeetheQurnVerse
35:45).

(PartNo:6,PageNo:138)

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Evil(sinsanddisobediencetoAllh)hasappearedonlandandseabecauseofwhat
thehandsofmenhaveearned(byoppressionandevildeeds),thatHe(Allh)maymakethemtasteapartofthatwhichtheyhave
done,inorderthattheymayreturn(byrepentingtoAllh,andbeggingHisPardon). Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays:
Whateverofgoodreachesyou,isfromAllh,butwhateverofevilbefallsyou,isfromyourself.

EveryMuslimshouldreproachhimselfandrememberthatheisalwayswatchedbyhisLord,
andthisshouldpushhimtocarryoutAllah'scommands(ExaltedbeHe),avoidHis
prohibitions,andhastentoturntoHimwithsincererepentancefromallone'ssins.Allah(may
HebeExaltedandGlorified)says: AndallofyoubegAllhtoforgiveyouall,Obelievers,thatyoumaybesuccessful

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!TurntoAllhwithsincererepentance! Sincere


repentanceinvolvesregretforpastsins,givingthemup,beingawareofthem,andtruthfully
bewillingnottocommitthemagainsoastoshowobediencetoAllah(ExaltedbeHe),glorify
HimandbedevotedtoHim,anddesirewhatiswithHim,andbecarefulofHispunishment.

Bydoingso,evilswillberemoved,securitywillprevail,andAllah(ExaltedbeHe)will
disperse,humiliateandmakecalamityofevilonenemies.Allah(mayHebePraised)says: O
youwhobelieve!Ifyouhelp(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,andmakeyourfootholdfirm.

Helping(inthecauseof)Allah(ExaltedbeHe)includesIstiqamah(standingerect)in
worshipingHim,turninginrepentancetoHimfromallsins,andbeingpreparedtofight
enemieswithpatienceandperseverance.Bydoingso,victoryandsupportwillbeachievedby
thealliesofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andthosewhoobeyHim,whereashumiliationanddefeat
willbetheshareofHisenemies.

Allah(mayHebePraised)says: Verily,AllhwillhelpthosewhohelpHis(Cause).Truly,AllhisAllStrong,AllMighty.
Those(Muslimrulers)who,ifWegivethempowerintheland,(they)enjoinIqamatasSalt[i.e.toperformthefivecompulsory
congregationalSalt(prayers)(themalesinmosques)],topaytheZaktandtheyenjoinAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandall
thatIslmordersonetodo),andforbidAlMunkar(i.e.disbelief,polytheismandallthatIslmhasforbidden)[i.e.theymakethe
Q u rnasthelawoftheircountryinallthespheresoflife].AndwithAllhreststheendof(all)matters(ofcreatures). Thus,my
advicetoallMuslimsistorepentto,beseech,andaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)forvictoryand
helpMuslimstodefeatenemies,hastentodoallthatpleasesHimanddrawsonenearerto www.ircpk.com
Himimplicitlyandexplicitly,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:139)

andbelievethatHe(mayHebePraised)istheOneinWhoseHandisvictoryasHe(mayHebe
Praised)says: AndthereisnovictoryexceptfromAllh,theAllMighty Victorycannotbeattributedto
reasonstheyaremerereasons.Victorycannotbeachievedbyarmies,whicharemere
reasons,too.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysinHisGreatBook: (Remember)whenyousought
helpofyourLordandHeansweredyou(saying):"Iwillhelpyouwithathousandoftheangelseachbehindtheother(followingone
another)insuccession." Allhmadeitonlyasgladtidings,andthatyourheartsbeatresttherewith.Andthereisnovictoryexcept
VictoryisfromAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)butHe
fromAllh.Verily,AllhisAllMighty,AllWise.
(mayHebePraised)ordersthatweshouldseekthepossiblemeansandpreparetomeetthe
enemieswithfitweapons,asAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andmakereadyagainstthemall
youcanofpower Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!Takeyourprecautions Thus,Muslims
shouldequipthemselvesandfightagainsttheirenemiesusingallpossibleweaponsand
perseverance.IcangivegladtidingstoallmybrothersthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)willgrant
victorytoHisReligionandHispartyandwilldefeatthepartyofHisenemy.

ThereisnodoubtthattherulerofIraqhascommittedaggressionandoppressionagainsthis
neighbors.HehascausedgreatturmoilforwhichhewillbepunishedunlessheturnstoAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)withsincererepentanceandrepaystherightstotheirowners.Itisobligatory
tofightagainsthimtodrivehimoutofKuwaitandcontinuetodosountilhereturnstothetruth
andwhatisright.Thosewhoarefightingagainstthistyrantaredoinggreatgood.Theone
whoissincereinfightingfortheCauseofAllahwilldeservepraiseaswellasagreatrewardif
hesurvives,andwillbedeemedamartyrifhedieswhilefightingfortheCauseofAllahto
saveaMuslimcountry,supporttheoppressed,anddeteranoppressorcommittingaggression
andoppression,becausethissituationindicatesthisruler'sunbeliefandthewickednessofhis
atheisticcreed.

MyadvicetoallMuslimsistoharborgoodthoughtsaboutAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andtobesure
thatHe(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)willgrantthemvictory.Allah(mayHebePraised)isthe
OneWhograntsvictorytoHisalliesandworshipers.ItisAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
Whosays: Sobepatient.Surely,the(good)endisforAlMuttaqn(thepious) Thus,the(good)endisforthe
believerswhofearAllah(ExaltedbeHe)whosays: Truly,Allhdefendsthosewhobelieve.Verily,Allhlikes
notanytreacherousingratetoAllh[thosewhodisobeyAllhbutobeyShaitn(Satan)].

(PartNo:6,PageNo:140)

Thistyranthascommittedtreachery.ThetyrantofIraqexchangedthefavorofAllah(Exalted
beHe)fordisbeliefandwasungratefultohisneighborswhodidhimfavorsandhelpedhim
duringthecriticaltimesheunderwent.Yetheexchangedthefavorfordisbelief,wasabad
neighbor,andcommittedoppressionandtransgression.Definitelyhewillmeethisbadend.

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: ThereisnosinmorefittedinthesightofAllahtohavepunishmentmetedout
inadvanceinthisworldthanoppressionandseveringtiesofrelationship. Yetsuchapersonhascommitted
aggressionandoppression.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andwhoeveramongyoudoes
wrong(i.e.setsuprivalstoAllh),Weshallmakehimtasteagreattorment. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Andthe
Zlimn(polytheistsandwrongdoers)willhaveneitheraWal(protectororguardian)norahelper. Thereisnoharmto
seekthepossiblemeansatthetimeofwar.ThereisnoharmthatMuslimsseekthepossible
means,whichbenefitthematthetimeofwar.Inallmatters,theyarecommandedtoadopt
thepossiblemeanstoreachthedesiredend.Theyarealsocommandedtoownweaponsand
preparethemselvestofighttheirenemies,thesameastheyarecommandedtoprovidethe
needsoffoodandprovisionstotheirfamilies,houses,andsoon.

Muslimsarecommandedtoseekallsuchmatters.Yetthismustbeaccompaniedbythinking
wellofAllah(ExaltedbeHe),observingIstiqamah(standingerect)inHisReligion,and
turningtoAllah(mayHebePraised)withrepentanceofallsins.AllMuslimsareobligedtodo
so.Wearecommandedtoseekallpossiblemeans.Thoughitisrighttoseekthepossible
means,thismustbeaccompaniedbyplacingtrustinAllah(ExaltedbeHe)whichisobligatory
inallmatters.Itinvolvestwomatters:

First,totrustinandrelyonAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andtobelievethatHeistheSupporterand
theDisposerofallaffairs,andthateverythingisinHisHand(mayHebeExaltedand
Glorified).

Second,toseekallpossiblemeansbecauseAllah(ExaltedbeHe)ordersustodoso.Allah
(mayHebePraised)says: Andmakereadyagainstthemallyoucanofpower Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)also
says: Oyouwhobelieve!Takeyourprecautions Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Whenyou(OMessenger
Muhammad)areamongthem,andleadtheminAsSalt(theprayer),letonepartyofthemstandup[inSalt
(prayer)]withyoutakingtheirarmswiththem TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)woreatthebattleofUhud
twoshieldsandhesoughtallpossiblemeansatthebattleofAlKhandaq(TheTrench).Hedidthe
sameonthedayoftheConquestofMakkah.AllsuchmattersthatweredonebytheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)wereoutof
www.ircpk.com
(PartNo:6,PageNo:141)

hiskeennessonseekingallpossiblemeansofpreparingfortheenemies.Thisappliestoall
othermeans,includingwardingofftheevilofwarandpreparingforone'sfamilyneeds.All
thesearerequiredmattersthatneithercontradicttheorderofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)nor
breachputtingtrustonAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Rather,puttingtrustonAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
involvesthetwomatters:trustinandrelyonAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andbelievethatHeisthe
Supporter(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),alongwithseekingallpossiblemeans.Thisiswhat
Muslimsshoulddo.

WeaskAllahtograntvictorytoHisReligion,raiseHisWord,defeattherulerofIraq,shatterhis
unity,andmakehimsufferadisgracefultorment.WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tomake
Muslimsvictoriousoverhim,helpthemforeverygood,grantvictorytotheoppressedand
returnthemtheircountryandguidethemaswellasallMuslimstotheRightWay.

MayAllah(ExaltedbeHe)maketheconsequencesofallMuslimsgood.MayHemakesuch
incidentslessonsforthebelieversandacauseforthemtoachieveIstiqamah(standingerect)
inHisReligionandacauseforallMuslimstorepentofeverysin,forHeistheMostGenerous!
MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamilyandCompanions!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:142)

Iraq'sinvasionisagravecrime

PraisebetoAllah.MaypeaceandblessingsbeupontheMessengerofAllah,hisfamily,andCompanions
andwhoeverfollowshisguidance.

RegardingtheincidentsthathavetakenplacethesedaysduetotheIraqioccupationofKuwaitandsubsequent
repercussions,bloodshed,usurpingproperties,andviolatingpeople'shonor,Iwouldliketoillustratefor
Muslimswhattheyshoulddointhisregard.

ThereisnodoubtthatthisisapainfulincidentthatsaddenseveryMuslim.Itisagravecrimeandharsh
aggressioncommittedbytheIraqileaderagainstaneighboringMuslimcountry.Heisobligedtoturnto
Allah(mayHebePraised)inrepentanceofthis,withdrawallhisarmyoutofKuwait,andsolvetheproblems
withpeacefulmeans,whichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)ordainedforHisservantsasAllah(GlorifiedandExalted
beHe)says: andmakingpeaceisbetter. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)saysregardingarebelliousaggressivegroup:
Thenifitcomplies,thenmakereconciliationbetweenthemjustly,andbeequitable.Verily,Allhlovesthosewhoaretheequitable.

Thus,theproblemsthattakeplacebetweentwoormorecountries,tribesorindividualsshouldbesolved
throughShari`ahcompatiblemeansnotthroughforce,aggressionoroppression.Allah(mayHebePraised)
saysinHisGreatBook: Oyouwhobelieve!ObeyAllhandobeytheMessenger(Muhammad),andthoseof
you(Muslims)whoareinauthority.(And)ifyoudifferinanythingamongstyourselves,referittoAllhandHisMessenger(
), ifyoubelieveinAllhandintheLastDay.Thatisbetterandmoresuitableforfinaldetermination. Scholars
explainedthat"referringtoAllah"meansreferringtoHisGloriousBook,theNobleQur'an,while"referringto

(PartNo:6,PageNo:143)

theMessenger(peacebeuponhim)"meansreferringtohimduringhislifetime(peacebeuponhim)andto
hisSunnahafterhisdeath.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andinwhatsoeveryoudiffer,thedecisionthereofiswithAllh(Heistheruling
Judge). Anydisputingcountries,tribes,groups,orpersonsshouldrefertheirdisputeandproblemstothe
rulingofAllah,exceptifthereisameansforreconciliation,becausemakingpeaceisbetter.

TheIraqipresidentisobligedtosolvethedisputethroughreconciliation,peacefulnegotiations,andasking
righteouspeopletomediate.Ifthereisnowaytomakepeace,thenitisobligatorytorefertotheQur'anand
theSunnahthroughaShari`ahcourtheadedbytruescholarstoexaminetheproblemandgivetheir
judgmentthatconformstotheShari`ahofAllah.ThisiswhatisobligatoryuponeveryMuslimcountry,
becauseAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Butno,byyourLord,theycanhavenoFaith,untiltheymakeyou(O
Muhammad)judgeinalldisputesbetweenthem,andfindinthemselvesnoresistanceagainstyourdecisions,and
accept(them)withfullsubmission. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Dotheythenseekthejudgementof(the
Ouradvicetothepresident
daysof)Ignorance?AndwhoisbetterinjudgementthanAllhforapeoplewhohavefirmFaith.
o fIraqistofearAllah(ExaltedbeHe),withdrawhistroopsfromKuwait,putanendtothisproblem,andtobe
contentwithAllah'srulinginthisregardincasereconciliationisnotreached.

Thereisnodoubtthatreturningtothetruthisgoodandavirtue.Thepersonwhocommitshimselftothis
shouldbethankedandthisisbetterthanpersistingindoingwrongandfalsehood.WeadviseallMuslimsto
keepsteadyontherightcourseofAllah'sReligion,refertoHisShari`ah,adviseoneanothertoobeyAllah
andavoidHisdisobedience,andnottorulebymanmadelawsandindividualopinions.Itisonlythrough
thiswaythatMuslimswillachievehonor,justice,happiness,anddignity.Thereisnodoubtthatevery
affliction,disaster,orharmthatoccurstoMuslimsiscausedbysinsanddisobedience.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)
says: Andwhateverofmisfortunebefallsyou,itisbecauseofwhatyourhandshaveearned.AndHepardonsmuch.(SeetheQurn
Verse35:45). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Evil(sinsanddisobediencetoAllh)hasappearedonland
andseabecauseofwhatthehandsofmenhaveearned(byoppressionandevildeeds),thatHe(Allh)maymakethemtasteapart
ofthatwhichtheyhavedone,inorderthattheymayreturn(byrepentingtoAllh,andbeggingHisPardon). Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)alsosays:

(PartNo:6,PageNo:144)

Whateverofgoodreachesyou,isfromAllh,butwhateverofevilbefallsyou,isfromyourself. AllMuslimsareobligedto
repentandreturntoAllah(ExaltedbeHe),remainsteadfasttoHisreligion,andregrettheirpastsins,
aggression,andwhattheycommittedagainstIslam.

ThisiswhatisobligatoryuponalltheIslamicandArabcountriesandMuslimseverywhere.AllMuslims
shouldfearAllah(ExaltedbeHe),honorHisShari`ah,turntoHiminrepentanceoftheirremissandsins,
andknowthatwhathasafflictedthemisduetotheirsinsandbaddeeds.Thus,turningtoAllah(Exaltedbe
He)inrepentanceinvolvesagreatdealofgoodnessandhappinessintheworldlylifeandtheHereafter.
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)maygrantrespitetotheoppressor.ItmaybethatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
www.ircpk.com
doesnotlayHanduponhimquicklyratherHe(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)grantshimrespiteandisnot
unawareofhimasAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: ConsidernotthatAllhisunawareofthatwhichthe
Zlimn(polytheists,wrongdoers)do,butHegivesthemrespiteuptoaDaywhentheeyeswillstareinhorror. TheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said: Verily,Allahgivesrespitetotheoppressor.ButwhenHeseizeshim,Hedoesnotlethimescape.
Then,he(peacebeuponhim)recitedthefollowingAyah: SuchistheSeizureofyourLordwhenHeseizesthe(populationof)the
townswhiletheyaredoingwrong.Verily,HisSeizureispainful,(and)severe.

Thus,myadvicetomyselfaswellastoallMuslimseverywhereistofearAllah(ExaltedbeHe),repentto
Him,remainontherightcourseofAllah'sReligion,worshipHimsincerely,andtobewareofwhatHe(may
HebePraised)hasforbiddenthem.Thereisnodoubtthatreturningtothetruth,beingkeentorulebythe
Shari`ah,andbewaringofwhatcontradictsitisthewayofthebelievers.Itistheirmeanstoachievehonor
anddignity.Itisthewayofjusticeandwisdom.ItisobligatoryonallMuslims,whethergovernments,
peoples,individuals,orgroupstofollowsuchway.AsforwhatwasdonebytheSaudigovernmentof
seekingthehelpofmanycountriestodefendandprotectMuslimcountriesbecausetheirenemymayattack
them,asdoneagainstKuwait,thereisnoharmindoingso.TheCouncilofSeniorScholarsIamoneofthem
hasissuedastatementinthisregardthatwasbroadcastthroughradioandpublishedinnewspapers.There
isnodoubtthatsuchanactispermissiblebecausethereisnoharminMuslimstoseekthehelpofnon
MuslimstodefendandprotectMuslimcountriesfromaggression.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:145)

ThisdoesnotincludesupportingunbelieversagainstMuslimsasstatedbyscholarsunderthetitle''Rulingon
apostates."WhatscholarsmeanistosupportunbelieversagainstMuslims.Thisisimpermissible.However,
seekingthehelpofunbelieverstowardofftheevilofotherunbelievers,aggressiveMuslims,orMuslims
expectedtowageimpendingaggressionispermissible.ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)foughtusingshieldsheborrowedfromSafwanIbnUmayyahwhowasunbelieveratthetimewhile
fightingThaqifinthebattleofHunayn.AllthepeopleofKhuza`ah,Muslimsandunbelievers,werefightingwith
theProphet(peacebeuponhim)whilehe(peacebeuponhim)wasfightingagainsttheunbelieversof
QurayshatthedayoftheConquestofMakkah.ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeupon
him)said: YouwillmakeapeacetreatywiththeByzantinesandtogetheryouwillinvadeanotherenemy.Youwillbevictoriousand
takemuchbooty Thisindicatesthepermissibilityofseekingtheirhelpinfightingenemiesbeyondus.

WhatismeantisthatitispermissibletodefendMuslimsandtheircountriesbyMuslimornonMuslimforces.
ItispermissibletousetheirweaponsorarmiestohelpMuslimswardoffaggressionandprotecttheir
countriesagainsttheevilsandintriguesoftheirenemies.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysinHisGloriousBook: Oyouwhobelieve!Takeyourprecautions Thus,


Allah(ExaltedbeHe)ordersustotakeourprecautionsagainstourenemies.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)says: Andmakereadyagainstthemallyoucanofpower Thesamerulingappliestowhosoevercommits
aggressionagainstus,evenifhewasaMuslimorisassociatedwithIslam.IfMuslimsfearaggressionbeing
committedagainstthem,theycanalsoseekthehelpofanyonewhomtheycanseektheirhelptoprotect
theircountriesandthesanctityofMuslimsagainsttheaggressionoroppressionofunbelieversorany
aggressor.Muslimsareobligedtosupportoneanotherandcooperateinrighteousnessandpietyagainst
theirenemies.Yet,iftheyarestillinneedofadditionalhelpagainsttheirenemiesoragainstwhosoever
amongthosebelongingtoIslamformsintriguesagainstthemandcommitsaggressionagainstthem,then
itispermissibleforthemtoseekthehelpofwhosoeverstretcheshishandtohelpandwardoffaggression
andprotectMuslimcountries.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:146)

IrepeatmyadvicetoalltheleadersofMuslimsaswellastoallArabandIslamiccountriestofearAllah
(ExaltedbeHe),rulebyHisShari`ahinallmatters,bewareofallthatcontradictsHisShari`ah,andkeep
awayfromanykindofoppression.ThisisthewayofsalvationthroughwhichMuslimswillachieve
happinessandsafety.

MayAllahblesseveryonewithsuccessandguidance!MayHeguideallMuslimstoremainontherightcourse
ofAllah'sReligionandrepenttoHimofallsins.MayAllahrectifyallouraffairsandguideboththeleaders
andordinaryMuslimstoallwhatpleasesHimandallthatisgoodforthisworldandtheafterworld.Heisthe
OneWhoisCapableofdoingso.MayPeaceandBlessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,
Companions,andthosewhofollowhimrighteously!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:147)

Suchanincidentisalesson,anexampleandareminderforusall

AttheendoftheInternationalIslamicConferenceonDiscussingtheCurrentCircumstancesintheGulf,which
wasorganizedbyMuslimWorldLeagueinMakkahAlMukramah,HisEminenceShaykh`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbn
Baz,thechiefoftheFoundingCounciloftheMuslimWorldLeagueandPresidentoftheMinistryforAcademic
Research,Ifta',Dawah,andGuidance,deliveredthefollowingaddress:

PraisebetoAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Verily,religionissincerityinadvice.ItisobligatoryuponMuslimscholars
wherevertheyaretosupportAllahandexplaintotherulerswhatisobligatoryonthemandwhatis
prohibitedinordertobeacquaintedwithandhavedeepinsightofwhattheyaredoing.Theyshoulddoso
inanappropriateandkind,satisfactorymannerthatattractsothers.

ScholarsshouldadviseoneanotherregardingconveyingthecalltoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andguidingpeople
tothegoodinMasjids(mosques)andcommunities,encouragingthosecarryingouttheirroleinconveying
thecalltoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),andencouragingKhatibs(preachers)tosearchforsuitable
orationsthatbenefitpeopleaccordingtotheQuranandSunnah,andinformingthemthataKhatib
(preacher)shouldonlypreachwithknowledgeandinsightofwhatislawfulandwhatisunlawful.Muslims
areindireneedtoberemindedofthecalltoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andbeadvised,whereasnonMuslims
needtobeinvitedtoIslam,informedaboutit,andtohaveitexplainedforthemsothattheycanbeguided.

TheincidentcommittedbytherulerofIraqagainstKuwaitandthefollowingconsequencesbearalesson,an
example,andareminderforusall.WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)togiveusalessonfromit,guideustoHis
RightWay,guideustowhatfixesourheartsandactionstopiety,andleadusalltowhatpleasesHimand
drawsusnearertoHim.

ItisobligatoryuponeveryMuslimtocarryoutphysicalJihadandselfaccountabilityasAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
says: Oyouwhobelieve!FearAllhandkeepyourdutytoHim.Andleteverypersonlooktowhathehassentforthforthemorrow,
andfearAllh.Verily,AllhisAllAwareofwhatyoudo. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: AsforthosewhostrivehardinUs
(OurCause),WewillsurelyguidethemtoOurPaths(i.e.AllhsreligionIslmicMonotheism).Andverily,AllhiswiththeMuhsinn
(gooddoers)."

(PartNo:6,PageNo:148)

Itisobligatoryonrulers,judges,andofficialstofearAllah(ExaltedbeHe),judgetheirdeeds,striveinthe
CauseofAllah,holdfasttotheDin(Religion)ofAllah,bewareofthelimitsofAllah(ExaltedbeHe),and
repentsincerelyofallpastsins.

ThesameappliestoeveryMuslim,whethermaleorfemale.AllMuslimsshouldstruggleagainsttheirdesires
forthesakeofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)sothattheyshouldbeuprightandkeepawayfromobeyingwhimsand
A lShaitan(Satan)andabidebytruth.ItisobligatoryonMuslimstothankAllah(ExaltedbeHe)attimesof
prosperity,remainpatientattimesofmisfortune,andtorepentfromremissnessandsins.

ThisiswhatisobligatoryuponallMuslimsastheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Wonderfularetheaffairsof
abelieverforthereisgoodineveryaffairofhisthisisnotthecasewithanyoneelseexceptabeliever.Ifhehasanoccasiontofeel
delight,hethanks(Allah),thusthereisgoodforhiminitandifhesuffersaffliction,heendurespatiently,whichisgoodforhim.
(NarratedbyMuslim).Thus,abelievershouldthankAllah(ExaltedbeHe)attimesofprosperityandwhenhe
receivesabountyandshouldremainpatientattimesofaffliction.AbelievershouldrepenttoAllah,holdfast
totheDin(Religion)ofAllah,keepawayfromthelimitsofAllah,supportMuslimsbycallingthemtodo
good,andcallhisfamilytoaccountfortheirdeedsbycallingthemtodogoodandenjoiningthemtowhatis
rightandforbiddingthemfromwhatisevil.

Abelievershouldalsodothesamewithhisbrothers,companions,andneighbors.Heshouldadvisethem
fortheSakeofAllah,callthemtothetruthappropriatelyandkindly,andwarnthemagainstthe
consequenceofsinsandevilsothattheyshouldrepentandreturntoAllah(ExaltedbeHe).

WeaskAllahtohelpusdowhatpleasesHimandbenefitsthepeople.MayAllahgrantsuccesstothepeople
o fIraqandhelpthemexchangethiswickedPresidentwitharighteousonethroughwhomAllahwillbenefit
themintheworldlylifeandintheHereafterandenablethemtoworshipAllah.WeaskAllahtoreplacehim
withabetteroneforthem,apresidentwhowillhavemercyontheservantsofAllah,rulebytheShari`ahof
Allah,andhelppeopleworshipAllah.

WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tograntsuccesstothepeopleofIraqtohavearighteousrulerwholeadsand
helpsthem

(PartNo:6,PageNo:149)

worshipAllah,arulerwhowillbemercifultotheiryoungandsympathizingwiththeirold,helpthemdo
everygood,andrulebytheShari`ahofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe). www.ircpk.com
WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)toremoveSaddamHussein,makehimsufferdisgracefultorment,andcastterror
intohishearttowithdrawhisarmiesoutofKuwait.Allah(ExaltedandGlorifiedbeHe)istheBountiful,the
Beneficent.

Iwanttothankyouagainforyoureffortsanddeeds.WepraytoAllahtoacceptthedeedsofallMuslimsHe
istheMostGenerousandMunificent.MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponourmaster,Muhammad,his
family,Companionsandfollowers!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:150)

TheActionWagedbySaddamisASinfulAggression

ThereisnodoubtthattheinvasionoftheStateofKuwait,committedbytheIraqileader,andthefollowing
consequencesofbloodshed,usurpingproperties,andviolatinghonorformasinfulaggression,agrave
crime,andanabhorrentMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsof
soundintellect).HeshouldrepenttoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andhastentopullhisarmyfromKuwait,because
thisincursionandinvasionisanunacceptableactthatcontradictsShari`ah,conventions,andalltreaties
signedwithArableadersattheArabLeague.

Heshouldsolvetheproblemswithpeacefulmeansandnegotiations.Ifthisdoesnotwork,thenheshould
refertheissuetoaShari`ahcourt,notacourtoflaw.Alldisputesarisingbetweencountries,individuals,
andtribesshouldbereferredtoShari`ahjudgmentbyformingShar`icourtcomprisingoftrueMuslim
scholarsandfollowersoftheSunnahwhocanissuetheirjudgmentconcerningthesubjectofdispute
betweenMuslims,whetherbeingfromtwodifferentcountriesortribesoraretwoindividuals.Really,thisact
committedbySaddamagainstKuwaitisanactofaggression.Hemustrepentofthisactandstopit.Returning
totherightisavirtueandright.Itisbetterthanpersistinginviceanderror.Astatementhasbeenissuedby
theCouncilofSeniorScholars,amamembertherein,oftheKingdomofSaudiArabiatodisplaythewrongofthis
actanddescribingitasaggression,crimeandtreachery.Itbecameclearthroughthestatementofthe
scholarsoftheCouncilthatthereisnoharminMuslimandArabarmiestoseekhelpfromdisbelieversto
wardofftheaggressionofanyaggressoranddefendMuslimcountriesaswellasthesanctityofIslamand
Muslims.

ConcerningtherumorsaboutAlHaramaynAlSharifayn,theyarepraisebetoAllahinsafetyfromtheIraqi
leader

(PartNo:6,PageNo:151)

orothers.TheyaresafethankstoAllah.

ThepointisthatSaudiArabiahadtoaskforthehelpofmultinationalarmies,amongwhichweretheUnited
States.ThiswasjusttocooperatewiththeSaudiforcestodefendthecountry,Islam,andMuslims.Thereis
noharmindoingso,becausethisisawayofseekinghelptowardoffoppressionandtosaveandprotect
thecountryfromtheevilsofwickedpeopleandtheoppressionandaggressionoftyrantsandaggressors.
Thereisnoharmindoingsoasstatedclearlybythescholars.Regardingwhathasbeenrumoredbysome
MuslimminoritieswhobelievedtheclaimsofSaddamandhisliesabouttheU.S.imperialinterferencewiththe
affairsandsanctitiesofMuslims,totheendofotherfalserumorsactuallythisisafatalmisconception
rumoredbythepartyofSaddam,whichisanationalistic,notanIslamicparty.Evenifsuchpeoplewere
Muslims,itisobligatorytodeterthemfromtransgressionevenbyseekingthehelpofsomeunbelievers,
particularlywhenproposingpeacefulmeanstowardoffevilandprotectthecountry.TheMessenger(peace
beuponhim)soughtthehelpofSafwanIbnUmayyahatthebattleofHunayntofightagainstthepeopleofAlTa'if.
Accordingly,seekinghelpfromunbelieversagainsttransgressorsispermissible.Whatisimpermissibleisto
supporttheunbelieversagainstMuslims.Asforthissituation,itisaprotectionofMuslimsandtheir
countriesfromoutlaws,aggressors,andunbelievers.Thereisadifferencebetweenthetwosituations:ifone
supportsunbelieversagainstMuslims,thismeansapostasy,whichisimpermissibleandMunkar(thatwhich
isunacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect).Inthecurrentcaseofthe
KingdomofSaudiArabia,whichhassoughtthehelpofunbelieverstodeterandpreventtheaggressor
whetheradisbelieverorabelieverfromenteringthecountryandviolatingthesanctitiesofIslam,thisisa
requiredandnecessarymatterbecausethisisforprotectingMuslimsfromwhoevermayharmthem,
whetherbeingadisbelieverorabeliever.ItisobligatoryupontheIraqileadertorepenttoAllah,giveupthe
falseopinionsheadopts,abandonthepartyof(AlShaitan)Satan,commithimselftoIslam,rulebyit,and
obligeIraqipeopletoabidebyit.WesupplicatetoAllahtogranthimguidance.

InansweringaquestiondirectedbyAlJazeeraTVchannelonthepossibilityofestablishinganinternational
Shar`i(complyingwithShari`ah)courttosolvedisputesamongstcountries,HisEminencesaid:

(PartNo:6,PageNo:152)

"AllMuslimandArabcountriesshouldsolvetheirproblemsthroughShar`imeansatShar`icourtsinevery
country.Thereshouldbeanotherinternationalcourttojudgeamongcountries.TheMuslimcountriesshould
haveShar`icourtsbecauseAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andinwhatsoeveryoudiffer,thedecision
thereofiswithAllh(HeistherulingJudge). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: (And)ifyoudifferinanything
amongstyourselves,referittoAllhandHisMessenger() Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)also
says: Butno,byyourLord,theycanhavenoFaith,untiltheymakeyou(OMuhammad)judgeinalldisputes
betweenthem,andfindinthemselvesnoresistanceagainstyourdecisions,andaccept(them)withfullsubmission. Thus,iftwo
ormorecountriesdisputeitisobligatoryonMuslimscholarstojudgebetweenthemaccordingtotheruling
ofShari`ah.ScholarsshoulddosoinlightoftheBookofAllahandSunnah,apartfrommanmadelawsor
viewpointsofmen.Rather,thisshouldbeaccordingtotheShari`ahofAllah." www.ircpk.com
HisEminenceadvisedtheIraqiarmynottocontinuecommittingsuchunacceptabledeeds.Itisobligatoryon
IraqisoldiersaswellaseveryMuslimnottoviolatetheproperty,blood,honor,orfamilyofone'sMuslim
brother.ItisimpermissibletotransgressagainstanyMuslim'sproperty,honor,orbloodwhetherinKuwaitor
inanyothercountry.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: TheMuslimisinviolableforhisMuslimbrother,asforhis
blood,wealthandhonor.

TheaggressioncommittedbyIraqdoesnotmakeitjustifiableforthesoldierstocommitaggressionagainst
Kuwaitioranyotherpeople,usurptheirmoney,harmthem,killthemortheirchildren,orassaulttheir
women.AllsuchactsareMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslims
ofsoundintellect),unlawful,andimpermissible.ItisobligatoryuponthemtofearAllah,becarefulnotto
approachwhatAllahhasmadeunlawful,andnottodoanyactthatangersAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andcauses
themtoenterHellfireandbebanishedfromAllah'sMercyandPleasure.

InhisstatementtoAlJazeeraTVchannel,HisEminenceadvisedtheKuwaitibrotherstoseekhelpthrough
patienceandfearingAllah(ExaltedbeHe),saying:

"IadvisetheoppressedpeopleofKuwaittofearAllah,holdfasttoHisDin(Religion),repent

(PartNo:6,PageNo:153)

toHimfromtheirpastsins,andtoaskAllahtograntthemvictoryovertheenemyandreturnthemtotheir
countryendowedwithsafety.Surely,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)willrecompensethemwithbetterthanwhathas
beentakenfromthem.WhenturningtoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)withsincererepentance,theywillregainwhat
theylostandAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)willgivethemsomethingbetterthanthattaken,because
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndallofyoubegAllhtoforgiveyouall,Obelievers,thatyoumaybesuccessful
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!TurntoAllhwithsincererepentance!

WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)toconferafavoruponusandthembyguidingustorepentance.Allofusare
liabletobetempted.EveryMuslim,everywhere,inSaudiArabia,Kuwait,theLevant,theYemen,orelsewhereshould
callhimselftoaccount,struggleagainsthisdesiresfortheSakeofAllah,andbesurethatwhatbefellhim
wouldneverhavemissedhimandwhatmissedhimwouldneverhavebefallenhim.

Thus,ourbrothersinKuwait,allMuslimsintheKingdomofSaudiArabia,andallMuslimseverywhereshouldfear
Allah,struggleagainsttheirdesiresfortheSakeofAllah,andkeeppatientovertheafflictionsthatbefall
them.TheyshouldalsoremainstandingupforthetruthandadviseoneanothertoitforAllah'sSake.May
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)removecorruption,guidetheastray,recompensethemwithsomething
betterthanwhattheylost,andgrantthemagoodconsequence.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: As
forthosewhostrivehardinUs(OurCause),WewillsurelyguidethemtoOurPaths(i.e.AllhsreligionIslmicMonotheism).And
verily,AllhiswiththeMuhsinn(gooddoers)." Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Butifyouremainpatient
HewhofearsAllah,Hewill
andbecomeAlMuttaqn[thepiousSeeV.2:2],nottheleastharmwilltheircunningdotoyou.
granthimsuccessandrecompensehimwithsomethingbetterthanwhatwastakenfromhim.WeaskAllah
toendowuswithcomprehensivemercyencompassingallone'saffairsreligion,worldlyaffairs,andthe
Hereafter."

AttheendofthestatementofHisEminence,hesaid:

"MyspeechisageneralpieceofadvicetoallMuslimstofearAllah,abidebytheShari`ahofAllah,reflect
upontheGloriousQuran,observethepurifiedSunnah,organizetheirdeedsinlightoftheBookofAllahand
theSunnahofHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),referalltheirdeeds,words,anddisputestotheQur'an
andtheSunnahnottopositivelaws.AlltheiraffairsshouldbejudgedbythegloriousBookofAllahandthe
SunnahofHisMessenger,andto

(PartNo:6,PageNo:154)

abidebythis,whetherindividuals,groups,ornations.ThisiswhatisobligatoryforMuslimstorefer
legislationtoAllah'sShari`ah,remainstandingupfortheDin(Religion)ofAllah,putAllah'sordersinto
action,andgiveupwhatAllahforbadebecauseAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Omankind!BedutifultoyourLord
and Omankind!BedutifultoyourLord,Whocreatedyoufromasingleperson(Adam) and: Omankind!FearyourLordandbe
dutifultoHim!Verily,theearthquakeoftheHour(ofJudgement)isaterriblething.

Thus,allMuslimsarecommandedtofearAllahandobserveHisreligion.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Oyou
whobelieve!KeepyourdutytoAllhandfearHim,andspeak(always)thetruth. Hewilldirectyoutodorighteousgooddeedsand
willforgiveyouyoursins.AndwhosoeverobeysAllhandHisMessenger(),hehasindeedachievedagreat
achievement(i.e.hewillbesavedfromtheHellfireandwillbeadmittedtoParadise). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!FearAllhandkeepyourdutytoHim.Andleteverypersonlooktowhathehassentforthforthe
morrow,andfearAllh.Verily,AllhisAllAwareofwhatyoudo. AndbenotlikethosewhoforgotAllh(i.e.becamedisobedient
toAllh),andHecausedthemtoforgettheirownselves,(letthemtoforgettodorighteousdeeds).ThosearetheFsiqn(rebellious,
disobedienttoAllh). NotequalarethedwellersoftheFireandthedwellersoftheParadise.ItisthedwellersofParadisethatwill
besuccessful.

Thisiswhatallpeopleareobligedtodo:tofearAllah,worshipHimalone,referlegislationtoHisShari`ah,
avoidHis(mayHebePraised)prohibitions,abidebyHisLimits,andrecommendandadviseoneanotherto
thisbecauseAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says: HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,righteousnessandpiety)but
donothelponeanotherinsinandtransgression.AndfearAllh.Verily,AllhisSevereinpunishment. Allah(Glorifiedand www.ircpk.com
ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: ByAlAsr(thetime). Verily,manisinloss, Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)
anddorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommendoneanothertothetruth[i.e.orderoneanothertoperformallkindsofgooddeeds(Al
M a ruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeeds(AlMunkarwhichAllhhasforbidden],and
recommendoneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,andinjurieswhichonemayencounterinAllhsCauseduring
preachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd). TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)
alsosays: "Religionisbasedonadvisingoneanother,"herepeateditthreetimes.Uponthiswesaid:"Forwhom?"Hereplied:"For
Allah,HisBook,HisMessengerandfortheleadersandthegeneralMuslims." JarirIbn`AbdullahAlBajalysaid: Ipledged
allegiancetotheProphet(peacebeuponhim)ontheobservanceofSalah(prayers),paymentofZakah,andgivingadvicetoevery
Muslim.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:155)

ThisiswhatisobligatoryforthepeopleandpresidentsofMuslimcountries:Theyareobligedtorecommend
andadviseoneanothertotruthandreferlegislationtoAllah'sShari`ahandnottopositivelawsthatthey
makethemselves."

Attheendofhisstatement,HisEminenceaskedAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)toguideandgrant
successtoallMuslimspeopleandleaders,toentrusttheiraffairstothebestamongthem,andtoprotect
themfromtheevilofwickedpeople.

WeaskAllahtoprotectusfromtheevilofeverything,maketheplotsofenemiesagainsttheirownselves,
andsaveusfromtheirevilwherevertheymayexist.MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:156)

LiberatingtheStateofKuwaitfromtheAggressorsisaDivineGreatBountyandVictory

AgainstTyranny,AggressionandAtheism

PraisebetoAllah,Alone.MaypeaceandblessingsbeuponthelastProphetMuhammadibn
Abdullah,hisfamily,andCompanions!

Thegrace,whichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasbestoweduponMuslimsfightinginHisCauseby
liberatingKuwaitfromthetyrant,aggressorsandextorters,isoneofthegreatestbountiesof
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)uponthepeopleof KuwaitandotherMuslimssupportingtheTruthand
Justice.Therefore,allMuslimsintheKingdomofSaudiArabia,Kuwait,theGulfcountriesandothers
shouldthankAllah(ExaltedbeHe)forthis,abidebyHisDin(religionofIslam)andbewareof
thereasonsthatstirHisAngerforthebountywhichAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)hasbestowed
uponthembygainingvictoryovertheaggressors,supportingtheaggrievedandanswering
theDu`a'(supplication)ofMuslims.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)haspromisedtograntHisservants
victoryandagoodendsolongastheysupportHisDin,abidebyit,seekHisHelp(Glorifiedbe
He),preparethemselvesagainsttheirenemiesandbewareoftheirplots.Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)says: (Remember)whenyousoughthelpofyourLordandHeansweredyou(saying):"Iwillhelpyouwitha
thousandoftheangelseachbehindtheother(followingoneanother)insuccession." Allhmadeitonlyasgladtidings,andthat
He(Glorifiedbe
yourheartsbeatresttherewith.AndthereisnovictoryexceptfromAllh.Verily,AllhisAllMighty,AllWise.
He)alsosays: Verily,AllhwillhelpthosewhohelpHis(Cause).Truly,AllhisAllStrong,AllMighty. Those(Muslimrulers)
who,ifWegivethempowerintheland,(they)enjoinIqamatasSalt[i.e.toperformthefivecompulsorycongregationalSalt
(prayers)(themalesinmosques)],topaytheZaktandtheyenjoinAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersone
todo),andforbidAlMunkar(i.e.disbelief,polytheismandallthatIslmhasforbidden)[i.e.theymaketheQurnasthelawoftheir
countryinallthespheresoflife].AndwithAllhreststheendof(all)matters(ofcreatures). Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)also
says: Oyouwhobelieve!Ifyouhelp(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,andmakeyourfootholdfirm. Inadditionto
HisSaying(GlorifiedbeHe):

(PartNo:6,PageNo:157)

Allhhaspromisedthoseamongyouwhobelieveanddorighteousgooddeeds,thatHewillcertainlygrantthemsuccessionto(the
presentrulers)intheland,asHegrantedittothosebeforethem,andthatHewillgrantthemtheauthoritytopractisetheirreligion
whichHehaschosenforthem(i.e.Islm).AndHewillsurelygivetheminexchangeasafesecurityaftertheirfear(provided)they
(believers)worshipMeanddonotassociateanything(inworship)withMe.Butwhoeverdisbelievesafterthis,theyaretheFsiqn
(rebellious,disobedienttoAllh).

TherearemanyAyahsthatstressthismeaningandtheyallindicatethenecessityofresorting
toAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)inallmatters,seekingHisHelpandSupportAlone,abidingbyHis
DinandbeingawareofthereasonsthatmaybringHisWrath(GlorifiedbeHe).Theyindicate
thatHe(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)istheOnlyOneWhograntsvictoryratherthananyone
else.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: AndthereisnovictoryexceptfromAllh. He(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)alsosays: IfAllhhelpsyou,nonecanovercomeyouandifHeforsakesyou,whoisthereafterHimthatcanhelpyou?And
inAllh(Alone)letbelieversputtheirtrust. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Howoftenasmallgroupovercamea
mightyhostbyAllhsLeave?AndAllhiswithAsSbirn(thepatient). Yet,despiteAllah'sPromiseofVictoryto
Hisservants,Hehasalsocommandedthemtobepreparedfortheirenemiesandbewareof
theminHisSaying(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe): Andmakereadyagainstthemallyoucanofpower Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!Takeyourprecautions Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)has
renderedvictorycontingentonagreatreasonwhichissupportingHisDinbyestablishing
Salah(prayer),payingZakah(obligatorycharity),enjoininggoodandforbiddingevil,aswell
asadheringtoIman(faith/belief)andpiousdeeds.

Accordingly,allMuslimsin Kuwaitandothercountriesshouldtakeandabidebythesemeans.
Theyshouldalsoadviseoneanotherwherevertheyare,fortakingandabidingbythemeans
isoneofthemostimportantreasonsforattainingvictoryintheworldlylife,achieving
security,acomfortablelife,happinessintheworldlylifeandtheHereafter,attainingJannah
(paradise),retrievingtheirprideandachievingagoodendinallmatters,asclarifiedbyAllah
(GlorifiedbeHe)inthepreviousnobleAyahofSurahAlNurinwhichHesays: Allhhaspromised
thoseamongyouwhobelieveanddorighteousgooddeeds,thatHewillcertainlygrantthemsuccessionto(thepresentrulers)inthe
land,asHegrantedittothosebeforethem,andthatHewillgrantthemtheauthoritytopractisetheirreligionwhichHehaschosenfor
them(i.e.Islm).AndHewillsurelygivetheminexchangeasafesecurityaftertheirfear(provided) Moreover,Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)alsoclarifiedthatinHisSaying(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)inSurah

(PartNo:6,PageNo:158)

A lSaff Oyouwhobelieve!ShallIguideyoutoatradethatwillsaveyoufromapainfultorment? ThatyoubelieveinAllhand


HisMessenger(Muhammad)andthatyoustrivehardandfightintheCauseofAllhwithyourwealthandyour
lives:thatwillbebetterforyou,ifyoubutknow! (Ifyoudoso)Hewillforgiveyouyoursins,andadmityouintoGardensunder
www.ircpk.com
whichriversflow,andpleasantdwellingsinAdn(Eden)Paradisethatisindeedthegreatsuccess. Andalso(Hewillgiveyou)
another(blessing)whichyoulove,helpfromAllh(againstyourenemies)andanearvictory.Andgivegladtidings(OMuhammad
)tothebelievers. InthesenobleAyahs,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)hasclarifiedthat
believinginHimandHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),whichincludesfulfillingactsof
obediencethatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasobligatedandabandoningthesinsthatHehas
prohibitedalongwithstrivinginHisCausethatisabranchofIman(Faith/belief),arereasons
forforgivingallthesinsandattainingJannahandallitsdelights.Theyarealsoreasonsfor
acquiringnearvictory.

ThepeopleofIslamshouldtakethesemeans,recommendthemtooneanother,andabideby
themwherevertheyare,fortheyarethesourceoftheiresteem,victory,andsecurityinthe
worldlylifeandtheirhappinessintheHereafter.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: By
A l Asr(thetime). Verily,manisinloss, Exceptthosewhobelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,and
recommendoneanothertothetruth[i.e.orderoneanothertoperformallkindsofgooddeeds(AlMaruf)whichAllhhasordained,
andabstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeeds(AlMunkarwhichAllhhasforbidden],andrecommendoneanothertopatience(for
thesufferings,harms,andinjurieswhichonemayencounterinAllhsCauseduringpreachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismor
Jihd). TheoriginofImanliesintheobservanceofTawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah/
monotheism)ofAllah,beingsincerelydevotedtoHim,andavoidingassociatingothersin
worshipwithHim.ThisisaccordingtoHisSaying(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)inHisGreat
Book: AndyourLordhasdecreedthatyouworshipnonebutHim. ItmeansthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)ordains
andrecommendsustodoso.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: SoworshipAllh(Alone)bydoingreligious
deedssincerelyforAllhssakeonly. Surelythereligion(i.e.theworshipandtheobedience)isforAllhonly. Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Andtheywerecommandednot,butthattheyshouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHim
Alone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim),andperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt)andgiveZakt,andthatistheright
religion.

WhentheProphet(peacebeuponhim)sentMu`adhibnJabal(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)to
thepeopleofYemen,he(peacebeuponhim)commandedhimtoaskthemtoobserveTawhidto
Allah,tobedevotedtoHim,andtobelieveinHisMessengerMuhammad(peacebeuponhim),
thenhecommandedthemtoestablishSalah,andpayZakah.Thisisbecausethesearethe
threemajorfundamentalsofDin.Thus,whoeverabidesbyandfulfillsthemwillconsequently
abidebyotherissuesintheDin,suchasSawm(fasting),Hajj,andtherestofthatwhichAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)havecommanded.Theywillalso
abandonallthatwhichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)have
prohibited.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:159)

OneofthemostimportantbranchesofImanandrealizationofthetestimonythatthereisno
deitybutAllahandthatMuhammadistheMessengerofAllahistoruleamongAllah's
servantsaccordingtoHisShari`ah(Islamiclaw).Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)tellsHis
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)inSurahAlMa'idah: AndWehavesentdowntoyou(OMuhammad
)theBook(thisQurn)intruth,confirmingtheScripturethatcamebeforeitandMuhaymin(trustworthyinhighnessanda
witness)overit(oldScriptures).SojudgeamongthembywhatAllhhasrevealed,andfollownottheirvaindesires,divergingaway
fromthetruththathascometoyou. Afterwards,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Andsojudge(youOMuhammad
)amongthembywhatAllhhasrevealedandfollownottheirvaindesires,butbewareofthemlesttheyturnyou
(OMuhammad)farawayfromsomeofthatwhichAllhhassentdowntoyou. tillHisSaying(Glorified
beHe): Dotheythenseekthejudgementof(thedaysof)Ignorance?AndwhoisbetterinjudgementthanAllhforapeoplewho
havefirmFaith. He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosaysinSurahAlMa'idah: Andwhosoeverdoesnot
judgebywhatAllhhasrevealed,sucharetheKfirn(i.e.disbelieversofalesserdegreeastheydonotactonAllhsLaws). And
whosoeverdoesnotjudgebythatwhichAllhhasrevealed,sucharetheZlimn(polytheistsandwrongdoersofalesserdegree).
AndwhosoeverdoesnotjudgebywhatAllhhasrevealed(then)such(people)aretheFsiqn[therebelliousi.e.disobedient(of
alesserdegree)toAllh]. InSurahAlNisa',Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Butno,byyourLord,theycan
havenoFaith,untiltheymakeyou(OMuhammad)judgeinalldisputesbetweenthem,andfindinthemselvesno
resistanceagainstyourdecisions,andaccept(them)withfullsubmission.

So,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)hasclarifiedinthesenobleAyahsthatitisobligatoryforthe
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)andalltheUmmah(nation)wheneverandwherevertheyare
tomakeAllah'sShari`ahgovernallthedisputesbetweenthemregardingalltheirreligious
andworldlyaffairs.He(GlorifiedbeHe)haswarnedagainstfollowingone'sowndesiresand
obeyingtheenemiesofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)inrulingagainstHisShari`ah.He(Glorifiedbe
He)hasalsomentionedthatHisrulingisthebest,andthatallrulingsthatcontradictHisare
ofJahiliyyah(preIslamictimeofIgnorance).He(GlorifiedbeHe)hasmentionedthatruling
bywhatHehasnotrevealedisKufr(disbelief),Zhulm(injustice),andFisq(flagrantviolation
ofIslamiclaw),declaringthatwhoeverdoesnotmaketheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)
judgeinallhisaffairs,beinclinedtothis,andacceptthiswithfullsubmissionwillhaveno
Iman.Hence,itisthedutyofallMuslimrulerstoabidebyAllah'sRuling(GlorifiedbeHe),rule
HisservantsaccordingtoHisShari`ah,andfindinthemselvesnoresistancetothat.They
shouldbewareoffollowingtheirdesiresthatcontradictHisShari`ah,orobeyinganyonewho
callstorulebyanylaworregulationopposingwhatisestablishedbyAllah'sBookorthe
Sunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet)ofHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)stressesthatImancanonlybeattainedtothepeopleofIslaminthisway.
Whoeverclaimsthatrulingbythe

(PartNo:6,PageNo:160)
www.ircpk.com
positivelawsthatcontradictAllah'sShari`ahispermissible,orthattheyaremoreappropriate
forpeoplethanAllah'sShari`ah,oreventhatthereisnodifferencebetweenrulingbyAllah's
Shari`ahandrulingbymanmadelawsthatareincompatiblewithHisShari`ah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe),willbeaMurtad(apostate)andKafir(disbeliever)iftheywereMuslimsbefore
announcingorbelievinginthis.ThisisdeclaredbythepeopleofknowledgeandImanamong
scholarsofTafsir(explanation/exegesisofthemeaningsoftheQur'an)andMuslimjurists
regardingtherulingontheMurtad.So,whoeverisconfusedwithanyofwhatwehave
mentionedmustresorttowhatscholarshavementionedintheTafsirofthepreviousAyahs,
suchasImamIbnJarir,ImamAlBaghawy,AlHafizhIbnKathirandothers.Theyshouldrefertowhat
thescholarshavementionedconcerningtherulingontheMurtadi.e.apersonwhoconvertsto
kufrafterIslam,toknowthetruthandthedoubtfulmattersthenbecomecleartothem.As
forwhoeverrulesbyotherthanwhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasrevealedwhileknowingthis
becauseoftakingabribetoruleinfavorofthedefendant,enmitytowardapersonagainst
whomtherulingistobeissuedoranyotherreason,theywillbecommittingagreatevil,a
majorsin,andanactofKufr,ZhulmandFisq.Yet,thisdoesnotbringthemoutofthepaleof
Islam.However,theywillstillbecommittingaseriousactofdisobedienceandwillbesubject
toAllah'sPunishmentandTorment,andtheyareingreatdangeroftherelapseoftheirheart
andattainingapostasyfromIslam.WeseekrefugeinAllahfromthis.Somescholarsmaycall
thisminorKufr,FisqandZhulm,accordingtoareportedrelatedfromIbn`Abbas(mayAllahbe
pleasedwithbothofthem)andagroupofSalaf(righteouspredecessors)(mayAllahbe
mercifultothem).IaskAllahtoadjusttheconditionsofallMuslimsandgrantthemgood
understandingofHisDin,enablethemtothankHimforHisBounty,adjusttheirleadersand
appointwhoeverisbestamongthemtorulethem.IaskHimtosupportHisDin,riseHisWord,
lettheenemiesofIslamdownwherevertheyare,andprotectallMuslimsfromstrayingFitan
(sedition/seduction/trial)andthecausesofHiswrath.HeistheAllAbletodothis.

MayPeaceandblessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,andCompanions!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:161)

AConversationabouttheMuslimUmmah

AftertheGulfWar

OurMuslimUmmah(nation)washopingtogetridofallpastproblemsandreasonsfor
disunityanddissension,especiallywiththegradualgrowthofIslamicawakeningalloverthe
Muslimworld.ThiswasthehopeoftheUmmahdespitealltheseriouseventsthatwereabout
toruinitswealth,devastatetheinterestsofitspeoples,andthreatenitsDin(religion)
strongly,anddespitethebittertrialsthattheUmmahwitnessedduringthecurrentcentury
thatledtothedestructionofmanypartsoftheUmmah'sbody.Nevertheless,thetyrantofIraq
killedsuchhopeinMuslims'heartsbyattackingKuwaitunjustlyandcontinuouslytryingto
increasereasonsfordissensionanddisagreementamongstpeopleoftheUmmahtotakeit
manyyearsbackwards.Thus,itisgreatlyimportant,underthesechallengesthattheUmmah
faces,toholdaconversationwithHisEminenceShaykh`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaz,Chairmanofthe
DepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,Ifta',Daw`ah,andGuidance.Thisisbecausesucha
conversationreflectstheviewofoneofthemostprominentscholarsoftheUmmahonthe
eventsitcurrentlyfacesorhasfacedduringthiscentury.Inthisconversation,oureminent
Shaykhobservestherealityofthesituation,definesthereasonsandfactorsthatledtothe
weaknessthattheUmmahsuffersfrom,andtellsabouttheeffectiveremedyforgettingridof
theseburdensandworriesthathinderitsprogress.`Ukazhthusintroducesthis
comprehensiveconversationthatitheldwiththeeminentShaykhtoshedlightonallthe
foregoingalongwithsomeotherpointsthatconcernMuslimsnowadays:

Q1:SinceYourEminencecaresgreatlyforDa`wah(callingtoIslam),

(PartNo:6,PageNo:162)

howdoyouseetherealityoftheMuslimUmmahtoday?Whatisthewaytorescueitfromthe
dispersionanddivisionthatitsuffersfrom?

A : Undoubtedly,theonlywayforreform,welfare,unityoftheUmmahistouniteonQur'an
andSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet,peacebeuponhim)andtocooperatein
achievingthisfor,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Andholdfast,allofyoutogether,totheRopeofAllh(i.e.this
Qurn),andbenotdividedamongyourselves Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirrandAt
Taqw(virtue,righteousnessandpiety)butdonothelponeanotherinsinandtransgression.

Infact,thegulfeventsareanadmonitionandexhortationforeveryMuslim.Muslimsallover
theworldhavetoHelponeanotherinrighteousnessandpiety,recommendoneanothertothe
truthandtobepatientwhilekeepingfirmonit,andholdfasttotheQur'anandSunnah
regardingalltheirdifferentaffairs.Verily,thisisthewayofsalvation,happiness,glory,honor,
andbeingvictoriousovertheenemies.Thisisthewayofallgoodnessinthisworldandinthe
hereafter.

MayAllahguideMuslimstoallthatpleasesHim!MayHe(GlorifiedbeHe)unitetheirwordon
therightpath!

Q2:SomepeopleblameMuslimandArabfoundationsfornotfulfillingtheirduties,howcan
suchfoundationsthuseffectivelyplaytheirrolesinservingIslamandMuslims?

Undoubtedly,IslamicorganizationsareresponsibleforcallingtoAllah'sWayandunitingthe
Muslims'word.

EachfoundationthenshouldexertalleffortsforDa`wah,directingpeopletogoodness,and
sendingDu`ah(callerstoIslam)topossibleregionstoconveythemessageofAllaheach
foundationgoesuptoitscapacity,asAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says: SokeepyourdutytoAllhandfearHim
asmuchasyoucan , Allhburdensnotapersonbeyondhisscope. EachfoundationhastomakeDa`wah
guidedbytheQur'anandSunnahforAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Say(OMuhammad
):"ThisismywayIinviteuntoAllh(i.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)withsureknowledge,Iandwhosoever
followsme(alsomustinviteotherstoAllhi.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheismwithsureknowledge). Moreover,
He(GlorifiedbeHe)says:

(PartNo:6,PageNo:163)

Andwhoisbetterinspeechthanhewho[says:"MyLordisAllh(believesinHisOneness),"andthenstandsfirm(actsuponHis
Every
Order),and]invites(men)toAllhs(IslmicMonotheism),anddoesrighteousdeeds,andsays:"IamoneoftheMuslims."
seekerofknowledgehasthustomakeDa`wahaccordingtohisabilityinthewaythatAllah
(GlorifiedbeHe)definesforHisslavesbysaying: Invite(mankind,OMuhammad)tothe www.ircpk.com
WayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewiththemin
awaythatisbetter.

WisdomherereferstohavingknowledgeoftheinstructionsasstatedbyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)whilefairpreachingisarousalofinterestsand
threatening(againstwhatisbad),guidingtogoodness,andtellingthegoodendofthepious
andthebadendoftheKafir(disbeliever)orwhoeverdisobeysAllah(ExaltedbeHe).In
addition,argumentwhichismentionedintheconcernedAyah(Qur'anicverse)isthatwhichis
supportedbyShar`y(Islamiclegal)proofsandconveyedindecentwordingwithneither
violencenorseverity.Nay,suchargumentisbasedonclearandsoftexplanationsothat
doubtfulconcepts,ifany,areremoved.Itisworthmentioningthatwhenafoundationcarries
outtheforegoingduty,allthosewhoareinchargeofitarerewardedabundantlybyAllahfor
whoeverguidesapersontoanythingthatisgoodwillreceivethesamerewardasthatofits
doerastheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Whoeverguidestosomethinggoodhasarewardsimilartothatof
itsdoer.

Q3:WhatarethelessonsthattheMuslimUmmahcanlearnfromtheGulfWar?

A : TheGulfWarhasmanyadmonitionsforwhoevercontemplatesthem.ItdividedArabsand
nonArabsintotwopartiesthosewhosupportandadvocatejusticeandthosewhosupport
andcalltoinjustice.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)definedthestraightpathtoHis
slaves.ItisthepathwithwhichAllahsentHisProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)asHe
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andverily,this(i.e.AllhsCommandmentsmentionedintheabovetwoVerses
151and152)isMyStraightPath,sofollowit,andfollownot(other)paths Otherpathsarepathsthatcontradict
Shari`ah(Islamiclaw) fortheywillseparateyouawayfromHisPath. i.e.takeyouawayfromAllah'sPath
toanotherone,whichisthepathofSatan.

Theseeventsmadeitclearforeveryrationalpersonthatitisnecessaryanddutytosupport
theoppressed,detertheoppressor,andstandfirmandstraightonthetruth.Thisistheduty
ofeverysaneandMuslimornonMuslimperson.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:164)

Everysensibleandjustpersonhasthustosupportthetruth,torepelinjustice,andtoaidthe
wronged.Again,suchanobligationappliestobothMuslimsandnonMuslimsthoughitisof
moreimportanceandgreatnessaslongasMuslimsareconcerned.

AllahthusmakesitWajib(obligatory)oneveryMuslimtodotheirbesttodefendthe
oppressed,holdbackthewrongdoer,andtotakethesideoftruthagainstfalsehood.Again,
theforegoingisWajibonMuslimsalongwithallpeopleofsoundminds.Regardingthis,the
MessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)saidinaSahih(authentic)Hadith: Helpyourbrotherwhether
heisanoppressororanoppressed,Amansaid,OAllahsMessenger!Iwillhelphimifheisoppressed,butifheisanoppressor,
howshallIhelphim?"TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said,Bypreventinghimfromoppressing(others),forthatishowtohelp
him. Accordingly,deterringtheoppressorandblamingthemfortheiroppressionisasortof
aidingthem.Ontheotherhand,theoppressedistobeassistedtorepulsetheoppressorand
gethisrightback.Finally,iftheoppressorisaKafirsuchasSaddamandpeoplelikehim,the
obligationtorepelhimwillbeofgreateremphasis.

Q4:TheGulfWarundoubtedlycreatedbreachesinMuslims'rows,whatistheproperwayto
restoreharmonyamongstthem?

A : Suchbreachescanbetreated,foreachdiseasehasaremedytheremedyofdivisionisthat
allcountriesandofficialshavetomakeTawbah(repentancetoAllah)fromtheirmistakesand
baddeeds,correctthemselves,andrequirefromthewrongedtoforgivewhathasbeendone
againstthemforAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)acceptstheTawbahofwhoeverrepents
toHim.He(GlorifiedbeHe)says: AndallofyoubegAllhtoforgiveyouall,Obelievers,thatyoumaybesuccessful
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!TurntoAllhwithsincererepentance! Moreover,the
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)said: Whoeverrepentsfromhissinsisliketheonewhodidnotcommitasin.

AllMuslimandArabcountrieshavethustocooperatetoachieveactsofrighteousnessand
piety,torecommendoneanothertothetruthandtobepatientwhilekeepingfirmonit,to
abandonfalsehood,tomakeTawbahtoAllah,andtoasktheirbrotherswhomtheywronged
topardonthem.Theyaretoconfesstheirmistakesbeforetheirbrothersandaskfortheir
forgiveness.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:165)

Recommendingoneanothertothetruthandaskingoneanothertoforgivetheirbrothers'
mistakesareurgentlynecessary.Ifthishappensandtheoppressorgivesuptheirmistakes
andmakesTawbahtoAllah,suchbreachesinMuslims'rowswillvanish.

Q5:UndoubtedlytheenemiesoftheMuslimUmmahwaitforanopportunitytoannihilateit,
whatisthewaytohinderthis?

A : Muslimcountriesshouldprepareagainstitsenemies,bewareoftheirplots,andstandfirm www.ircpk.com
andstraightontheDinofAllahandthetruth.TheMuslimUmmahshouldnotfeelsafeor
overlookthedeceptionofitsenemy.Allah(myHebeGlorifiedandExalted)says: Oyouwho
believe!Takeyourprecautions He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andmakereadyagainstthemallyou
canofpower,includingsteedsofwar(tanks,planes,missiles,artillery)tothreatentheenemyofAllhandyourenemy,andothers
besideswhom,youmaynotknowbutwhomAllhdoesknow.

EachMuslimcountrywhetherArabicornothasthustobereadyagainsttheenemyandkeep
firmandstraightontheDinofAllahandHisShari`ah.Itisworthmentioningthatthemost
importantreadinessistohaveabsoluteobediencetoAllahandHisMessengerandtoreferall
matterstoShari`ah.Physicalreadinessisalsorequiredsuchassettingupagoodarmyand
adequateweaponsaccordingtothecapacityoftheMuslimUmmahforAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
commandsMuslimstodosobysaying: Andmakereadyagainstthemallyoucanofpower Eachcountryhas
thustodoitsbesttopossesstheappropriatemodernweapons,tobekeenonmanufacturing
them(ifpossible)orbuyingthem,tosecuretheappropriateMuslimsoldiersattimesof
prosperitysothatitfindsenougharmedforcesattimesofadversity.Theforegoingistheduty
ofeverybody.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:166)

Thegreatestandmostimportantthingistorefineone'sselfbypiety,standingfirmand
straightontheDinofAllah,abandoningdisobediencetoHim(mayHebeglorifiedand
Exalted),worshipingHimAlone,andforbiddingShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHis
Divinityorworship).SomeofthekindsofShirkthatMuslimcountriesshouldforbidare
attachingone'shearttothedead,seekingtheirhelp,makingvowstothem,etc.Infact,
attachingone'shearttothedeadandaskingthemforsupportagainsttheenemiesortocure
apatientisasortofmajorShirk.

ItisthereforeWajiboneverycountrytocareforthismatter,directpeopletoTawhid(belief
intheOnenessofAllah),worshipofAllahAlone,andabandonmentofShirk.Everybodystands
firmandstraightontheDinofAllah,avoidsdisobeyingAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),
andrefersallmatterstotheQur'anandSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet)as
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Oyouwhobelieve!ObeyAllhandobeytheMessenger(Muhammad),
andthoseofyou(Muslims)whoareinauthority.(And)ifyoudifferinanythingamongstyourselves,referittoAllhandHisMessenger
(),ifyoubelieveinAllhandintheLastDay.Thatisbetterandmoresuitableforfinaldetermination. Inthis
Ayah,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)makesitWajibonthebelieversattimesofdisagreementto
referthemattertoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)i.e.tothe
Qur'anandSunnah.Insuchcases,itisWajibtofollowtheguidanceoftheQur'anandSahih
Sunnah.

Inaddition,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Andinwhatsoeveryoudiffer,thedecisionthereofiswithAllh(Heisthe
rulingJudge). He(ExaltedbeHe)makesitWajibonMuslimstoobeytheirauthoritiesi.e.when
theycommandthemtodoMa`ruf(thatwhichisjudgedasgood,beneficial,orfittingby
IslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)fortheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Submission
isobligatoryonlyinwhatisgood(andreasonable). Again,itisWajibonMuslimcountriestorefertheir
disputestoAllah,HisMessenger,andtherulingofShari`ah.Theyhavetostandfirmonthe
DinofAllahandtodirecttheirarmiesandpeopletodothesame.Theforegoingisthewayof
victory,happiness,glory,honorandbeingprotectedagainsttheenemieswherevertheyare
andwhatevertheirpoweris.

MayAllahgrantsuccessandguidancetoallMuslims!MayAllahsetrightMuslims'authorities,
helpthemtodoallgoodness,bestowuponthemthesoundunderstandingofDinandkeep
themfirmandstraightonit!

Q6:SomepeopletrytouseDintoaccomplishpersonalgoalsduringtheeventsofGulfWar,
whatisyouropiniononthis?

(PartNo:6,PageNo:167)

A : ItisWajiboneveryMuslimtofearAllah,worshipHimAlonesincerely,andrefrainfromthe
actsofhypocritesdo.Verily,usingDinforachievingpersonaldesiresisacharacteristicof
hypocriteswhoonlyrefertoDinhypocriticallywhentheyneedit.Doingsoisanimpermissible
Munkar(thatwhichisunacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsound
intellect)andhypocritesareworsethanKafirs(disbelievers)forAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says:
Verily,thehypocriteswillbeinthelowestdepth(grade)oftheFire ItisthusWajibtoabidebyDinforsakeofDin
itselfinordertoobeyAllahandHisMessengernottoaccomplishanyvainpurposeofthe
world.ItisthecharacteristicofhypocritesthattheyabidebyDinandsupportitonlytolook
aftertheirpersonalinterestsandfulfilltheirneeds.Whenthehypocritesarethenalone,they
returntoKufr(disbelief),deviation,supportingtheKafirs.Whenthehypocritesfulfilltheir
personalneedstheyrejectDin,doingsoisentirelyagainstDinandsuchpeoplearehypocrites
whoareworsethanKafirs(mayAllahprotectusfromall).Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Verily,the
hypocriteswillbeinthelowestdepth(grade)oftheFirenohelperwillyoufindforthem.

Moreover,amongstthecharacteristicsofthehypocritesisthatwhichisillustratedbyAllah
(GlorifiedbeHe)intheHolyQur'an: Verily,thehypocritesseektodeceiveAllh,butitisHeWhodeceivesthem.And www.ircpk.com
whentheystandupforAsSalt(theprayer),theystandwithlazinessandtobeseenofmen,andtheydonotrememberAllhbut
little. (Theyare)swayingbetweenthisandthat,belongingneithertothesenortothose Swayingpeoplearethose
whoareconfused.TheysometimestakethesideoftheMuslimsthoughatothertimesthey
takethesideoftheKafirs.SuchswayingpeoplejoinKafirswhentheyarethevictoriousones
andwhentheycanbenefitthemandviceversa.

Hypocritesthusareswaying.TheyneitherhavefirmnessonDinnorinsight.Theyonlyjointhe
victoriouspartytoachievetheirowninterests.Thehypocritesthendonothaveeitheragood
goalnorfirm`Aqidah(creed).MayAllahsaveusfromthat!

Q7:WhatisyourguidingwordtothepeopleofKuwaitaftertheliberationoftheircountry
fromtheIraqityrant?

A : IadvisethepeopleofKuwaitandeveryMuslimtofearAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).
ThisismyadvicetothepeopleofKuwait,SaudiArabia,toeveryMusliminthegulfandtoall
otherMuslims.Iadvise

(PartNo:6,PageNo:168)

allMuslimstofearAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),tostandfirmonHisDin,tothankAllah
forthegracesofvictory,goodhealth,andthedeterringoftheunjust.

ThankingAllahistoobeyHim(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),to
consistentlyperformthefiveobligatorySalahs(Prayers)attheirappointedtimes,topay
Zakah(obligatorycharity),toobserveSawm(Fast)duringRamadan,toperformHajjonlyone
timeduringone'swholelifetime(iftheyhavenotdonebefore),toobeyAllahregardingall
othermatterssuchasbeingdutifultoone'sparents,maintainingthetiesofkinship,making
Da`wah(callingtoIslam),enjoiningMa`rufandforbiddingMunkar,andallothergooddeeds.
ApersonshouldalsothankAllahbyabandoningallsins.IthusadviseallMuslimstothank
AllahbycarryingoutHiscommands,abandoningHisprohibitions,andbeingpatientwhile
standingfirmonthis.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: ByAlAsr(thetime). Verily,manisinloss, Exceptthose
whobelieve(inIslmicMonotheism)anddorighteousgooddeeds,andrecommendoneanothertothetruth[i.e.orderoneanotherto
performallkindsofgooddeeds(AlMaruf)whichAllhhasordained,andabstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeeds(AlMunkar
whichAllhhasforbidden],andrecommendoneanothertopatience(forthesufferings,harms,andinjurieswhichonemayencounter
inAllhsCauseduringpreachingHisreligionofIslmicMonotheismorJihd).

He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,righteousnessandpiety)butdo
nothelponeanotherinsinandtransgression. ThisisthedutyofallMuslims.Theyallhavetohelpone
anotherinvirtueandrighteousness,exchangesincereadviceforthesakeofAllah,and
abandondisobeyingAllah.Theyshouldnothelponeanotherinsinandtransgressionsuchas
Shirk,drinkingKhamr(intoxicant),Zina(premaritalsexualintercourseand/oradultery),
gambling,andallthingsprohibitedbyAllahandHisMessenger.AllMuslimsalsohaveto
recommendoneanothertothetruthandtobepatientenoughtostandfirmonit.Theyhave
toforbidoneanotherfromcommittingsinsortransgression.Inotherwords,theyhaveto
forbidMunkarandenjoinMa`ruf.AlltheforegoingistoexpressthankfulnesstoAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Thebelievers,menandwomen,are
Auliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofoneanothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandall
thatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslmhas
forbidden)theyperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),andgivetheZakt,andobeyAllhandHisMessenger.AllhwillhaveHisMercy
onthem.SurelyAllhisAllMighty,AllWise. Thesearethecharacteristicsandmoralsofthebelieversfor
whichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)promisedthemthatHewillhaveHisMercyandVictoryinthis
worldandhappinessandsalvationinthehereafter.

MayAllahgrantallMuslimssuccess,firmnessonDin,andguidance!

Q8:Finally,whatisyourwordtothefamiliesofthemartyrs?

A : IaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tohelpthem,grantthemsolace,andtocompensatethemin
thisworldandinthehereafterwithsomethingbetterthanwhattheyhavelost.MayAllah
forgivethemartyrs,expiatetheirsins,admitthemtoJannah(Paradise),andrescuethem
fromhellfire!

(PartNo:6,PageNo:169)

Martyrsareexpectedtohavegreatrewards,soIadvisetheirfamiliestomake
Du`a'(supplication)forthemthatAllahbeMercifulwiththemandgrantsthemhighranksin
Jannah.IalsoadvisefamiliesofthemartyrstobepatientandseektherewardofAllahfor
martyrdominAllah'scauseisagreatgraceofAllah.Ifsuchfamiliesarethuspatientandwait
fortherewardofAllah,Allahwillgrantthemsolaceandcompensatethemwithsomething
betterthanwhattheyhavelost.MayAllahgrantusallguidancetoallthatpleasesHim!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:170)

AlMuslimunNewspaper'sInterviewwithIbnBaz

Q:Afterthewarwasover,howcanweclearthenegativeeffectsofthetribulationoftheGulf
crisis?

A : InthenameofAllah,themostGracious,themostMerciful.AllpraisebetoAllah.Maypeaceand
blessingsofAllahbeuponHisMessenger,hisfamily,hisCompanions,andthosewhofollowhim.

Undoubtedly,thetribulationsparkedbythepresidentofIraqisagreatcrisisthatbroughtaboutmanyevil
consequences.ThankstoAllah,WhoendeditbyliberatingKuwaitandeliminatingtheoppressorandhis
aggression.Certainly,thisisoneofthegreatblessingsofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andweshouldthankHimfor
thatandaskHimtosetrighttheaffairsofallMuslimsandtoguidethemtoallthatpleasesHim.Muslims
havetothankAllah(ExaltedbeHe)muchforthisblessing,constantlyobservetheteachingsofIslamand
keepawayfromallthatcausesHisanger.Letthemtrytheirbesttoendthesplitanduniteonthebasisof
obediencetoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),followingtheQur'anand
Sunnah,enjoiningoneanothertotruthandbeingpatientonit.

Inthisway,wecanclearthenegativeeffectsofthistribulationandguardourselvesagainstitsevil
consequencesandplotsandtheplotsofitsadvocates.IntheQur'an,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Andholdfast,
allofyoutogether,totheRopeofAllh(i.e.thisQurn),andbenotdividedamongyourselves He(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays:
Andinwhatsoeveryoudiffer,thedecisionthereofiswithAllh(HeistherulingJudge). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
says: Oyouwhobelieve!ObeyAllhandobeytheMessenger(Muhammad),andthoseofyou(Muslims)who
areinauthority.(And)ifyoudifferinanythingamongstyourselves,referittoAllhandHisMessenger(),ifyou
believeinAllhandintheLastDay.Thatisbetterandmoresuitableforfinaldetermination. Thisisthewaytoremovethe
negativeeffectsofthistribulation.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:171)

TheonlyeffectivesolutionistohaveMuslimsunitedonobeyingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger
(peacebeuponhim),enjoiningoneanothertotruthandbeingpatientaboutitonthepartofpresidents,
notables,scholarsandthepublicuntileveryoneconstantlyobeysAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger
(peacebeuponhim).Indoingso,theirlove,hatred,allegianceandanimositywillbeforthesakeofAllah.

WeimploreAllah(ExaltedbeHe)toleadallMuslimstoHisStraightPathandguideustoallthatpleases
Him.WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)toguardallMuslimseverywherefromthingsthatbringaboutHisWrath
andcausesdissensionthatbringspeopleunwantedresults.

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Q2:WhatisthemainlessonwelearnfromthisgreatcrisisthatbefelltheUmmah?

A : Themainlessonwelearnisthattribulationsandaccidentsdistinguishtheenemyfromthefriendandtell
theproponentsoftruthfromthosewhopropagatefalsehood,theenviousfromthepersonwhoseeks
goodness,andthejustfromtheunjust.Incrises,itisobligatoryonthetruebelievertobewiththetruth
whereveritmaybeandstandagainsthiswhimandfalsehood,callingtothetruthandsupportingits
advocates.Abelievershouldforsakethesupportersofoppression,Shirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHis
Divinityorworship)andBid`ah(innovationinreligion)andcallpeopletoforsakethemandnottocooperate
withthem.Inthiscrisis,ithasbecomeclearthatthepresidentofIraqisanoppressorwhoinvadedasecure
Muslimlandunjustly.HeisanirreligiousBa'thist.

ItisthedutyoftheMuslimstosidewiththetruthagainsttheoppressorandtheaggressor.Itiswonderthat
somedisbelievingcountriessupportthetruthandresisttheoppressor,whereassomeMuslimcountries
supportthefalsifierandoppressor.ItisobligatoryonthosewhoaffiliatethemselveswithIslamorcall
themselvesMuslimstotrulysupportIslamandstandwiththeseekerandassistantofthetruth,notwiththe
oppressororthetransgressorevenifheistheirnextofkin.Itisadutytosupporttheonewhoisrightand
confronttheonewhoiswrongandhisoppressionintheproperwaysthatfulfilltheintendedaim.The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)said, "Helpyourbrotherwhetherheisanoppressororanoppressed,Amansaid,OAllahs
Messenger!Iwillhelphimifheisoppressed,butifheisanoppressor,howshallIhelphim?"TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said,
Bypreventinghimfromoppressing(others),forthatishowtohelphim."

ThisgreatHadithisofJawami`AlKalim(themostconciseexpressionscarryingthemosteloquent
meanings),soMuslimsshouldapplyandabidebyitalongwitheveryoneelse.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:172)

Q3:ThiscrisisledsomeMuslimfiguresandmovementstosupporttheoppressor.Whatisyour
advicetothemafterthewarisover?

A : Wetellthemthatthedoorsofrepentanceareopen.Itisobligatoryonthepersonwhodeviatedfromthe
truthtoreturntoit.TheyshouldrepenttoAllah(ExaltedbeHe),regrettheirmistakesandreturnto
guidanceandtruth.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)willerasetheirpasterrorsandmisguidancebyvirtueoftheir
repentance.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, AndallofyoubegAllhtoforgiveyouall,Obelievers,thatyoumay
besuccessful Allah(mayHebePraised)says, Oyouwhobelieve!TurntoAllhwithsincererepentance! TheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said, Hewhorepentsfromhissinsisliketheonewhodidnotcommitasin.

Sincererepentancecomprisesthreematters:First,regrettingthemistake,error,oppressionandaggression
committed.Second,givingupthesinandavoidingithopingforAllah'srewardoutofglorifyingHim.Third,
strongdeterminationnottocommititagainoutofsinceritytoAllah(ExaltedbeHe),andlovingand
glorifyingHim.Thereisafourthcondition,whichisalsonecessarywithrespecttotherightsofhumans.In
otherwords,apersonshouldridhimselfoftheoppressionhecommittedagainstpeople'smoney,bloodand
honor.Inthiscategory,forapersontorepenthemustreturnwhatheillegallytookoraskforgivenessofthe
oppressed.

WhentheseconditionsarefulfilledhopingforAllah'srewardandglorifyingHim,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)
acceptsrepentanceandwipesoutsins.Speakingaboutthedisbelievers,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Sayto
thosewhohavedisbelieved,iftheycease(fromdisbelief),theirpastwillbeforgiven. Allah(mayHebePraised)addresses
allpeople,saying, Say:"OIbd(Myslaves)whohavetransgressedagainstthemselves(bycommittingevildeedsandsins)!
DespairnotoftheMercyofAllh:verily,Allhforgivesallsins.TrulyHeisOftForgiving,MostMerciful. Scholarsunanimously
agreedthatthisAyah(Qur'anicverse)addressestherepentantperson.

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Q4:ItisclaimedthatsomepeopleandmovementsintheArabandMuslimworlddesertedus,
stoodagainstus,andsupportedthetyrannyofIraq,soweshouldreconsiderourrelations
withthemandnolongerassistthem.Theyaddedthatweshouldfocusonourownaffairs
alone.Whatisyourpointofviewonthisclaim?

(PartNo:6,PageNo:173)

A : Islamiccountriesandtheirpresidentsshouldcooperateonrighteousnessandpiety,andwhoeverwants
goodnessandrepentsforpastoppression,youshouldcooperatewithhiminrighteousnessandpiety.Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)says, butwhoeverforgivesandmakesreconciliation,hisrewardiswithAllh. Itisdesirabletomeetthe
badwithgoodandpardonpeoplesolongasthewrongdoerdoesnotpersistinhisbadbehaviororadheres
tothetruthanddoesnottransgress.Itisnotashamethatapersonreturnstothetruthfeudsandhostilities
shouldnotleadtodamagingthepublicinterestsofMuslims.Infact,thisresultsinunappreciatedends.
Instead,Muslimsshouldtrytheirbesttoeliminatethemthroughpardoning,forgivenessandreconciliation.
Thepersonwhobehavesbadlyshoulddeclarehisrepentanceandofferexcusesforhisaction,startingby
replacinghismisdeedswithgooddeedssincegooddeedswipeoutbadonesontheconditionthedoeris
sincere.However,ifatransgressorcontinuesinhistransgressionandrefusesreconciliationandcooperation,
itisobligatorynottocooperatewithhimsolongassuchcooperationcausesharmtotheIslamicDa`wahor
theMuslimsocietyorleadstothecorruptionofmorals.

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Q5:Someofthepublic,includingtheyouthofIslamicAwakeninginsomecountries,are
drivenbytheleadershipsthatraisemottossupportingthesecularIraqiregime,whichgives
evidencetothefactthatthereisadeficiencyintheManhaj(methodology)ofDa`wah(calling
toIslam)andlackoftheknowledgeoftheShari`ahtowhichtheseyouthwerebroughtup.
Howcanwetreatthisdeficiency?Whatistherulingofscholarsinthisregard?

A : Undoubtedly,thisisarealitylackofknowledgemakessocietyfallintomanymistakes.Scholars,
everywhere,shouldexerteffortstocalltoIslam,advise,andspreadknowledgeamongpeople,particularly
amongyouthwhoyearntolearnandcalltoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).Everyseekerofknowledge
shouldacceptknowledgeandseektobeenlightenedwithoutrashness.Youthandwhoeverlackssufficient
knowledgeshouldnothurrytojudgemattersandshouldcomprehendreligionandlistentothedirectionsof
scholars,inordertobeawareofwhatiswrittenorsaid.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:174)

TheyshouldmakesureofwhateverisbroadcastedandverifyitsauthenticitybylookingforShari`ahproofs.
Theyshouldaskthereliablescholarsabouttheirdoubtstobesureofwhattheyaredoing.Theyshouldseek
scholarswhoareknownforspreadingandlookingforAlHaqq(theTruth)inordertobenefitfromtheir
knowledge.

Recklessadoptionofrumorscirculatedbysoandsoorsupportedbysoandsoisnotreasonable.Eloquence
isnotaprooftosupportAlHaqqrather,theevidencetoAlHaqqiswhatissaidbyAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)
andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),alongwithconsideringthestudyoftherulingsofShari`ah(Islamic
law).SuchisthecriterionfordeducingacorrectrulingintheabsenceofNas(IslamictextfromtheQuranor
theSunnah).Thereasonablepersonshouldnotsticktowhatisbroadcastedratheroneshouldsticktothe
BookandSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet)andaccordingtothemhecouldacceptorreject
anyruling.Oneshouldnottrusthisopinionindoubtfulmattersunknowntohim.Rather,heshouldbenefit
fromhisMuslimbrothersandaskthetrustfulscholars.Heshouldnothurryinjudgingmattersuntilhe
becomessurethatthisisAlHaqqregardlessofthespeakerevenifheisapresidentorthelike.

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Q6:TheabsenceofShura(consultation)wasoneofthemainreasonsthatledtothetyranny
oftherulerofIraqdoyouthenhaveawordtotheMuslimleadersandnotablefigures
throughAlMuslimunnewspaper?

A:ShuraisoneofthemostimportantprinciplesthatbothMuslimcountriesandcommunitieshavetofollow.
MuslimleadersandauthoritieshavethustocareforIslamicShuraasitisoneofthecharacteristicsofthe
believers.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndthosewhoanswertheCalloftheirLord[i.e.tobelievethatHeis
theonlyOneLord(Allh),andtoworshipnonebutHimAlone],andperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),andwho(conduct)their
affairsbymutualconsultation Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: andconsultthemintheaffairs. Accordingly,applying
Shurawithregardtomattersforwhichthereisnoclearproof

(PartNo:6,PageNo:175)

isofgreatimportance.However,Shuraisnotapplicablewhenanaffairisdecidedbyanexplicittextfrom
theQur'anorSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet).

Shuraistobeappliedtoissueswhoserulingisunknownwhentheyfacerulers,communities,Islamic
centers,etc.Shuraisthussoughtforknowingthetruth,thewayofitsapplication,andthemannerofcalling
peopletoit.Shuramaybealsoappliedforknowingfalsehood,itsproofs,andthewaytorepelit.

AnotherimportantmatterthatshouldbenotedisthatShuraistheworkofpeopleofknowledgeandinsight
andnotablepeoplewhoareawareoftheconditionsofthesociety.Onlysuchpeoplearetocooperateand
participateinShurabutnotpettypeople,atheists,orthosewhoareknownfortheirforgedcreeds.Rather,
Shuraistobepracticedbynotablepeoplewhoareknownfortheirsoundminds,knowledge,favor,and
insightondifferentconditionsofpeople.PeoplewhopracticeShuraarethustocooperatetoattainthetruth
regardingissuesforwhichnoproofisavailableorthatneedcareandinsighttobeappliedoreradicated.

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Q7:WhatistherulingonneglectingtheapplicationofShari`ah(Islamiclaw)?

A : ItisWajib(obligatory)upontheMuslimcountriestoapplyShari`ahandabandonpositivelawsthisisan
obligationthatAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)madeonMuslims.He(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Butno,byyour
Lord,theycanhavenoFaith,untiltheymakeyou(OMuhammad)judgeinalldisputesbetweenthem,andfindin
themselvesnoresistanceagainstyourdecisions,andaccept(them)withfullsubmission.

AllMuslimsthushavetoapplyShari`ahandabandonapplyingpositivelawsthatwereworkedoutbypeople
oftheeastorthewest.AllpraisebetoAllahAlone,Shari`ahofAllahissufficient.Thus,He(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)says: Dotheythenseekthejudgementof(thedaysof)Ignorance?AndwhoisbetterinjudgementthanAllhfor
apeoplewhohavefirmFaith. However,itispermissibletofollowpositivelawswithregardtothingsthat
conformtoShari`ah.Moreover,countriesareallowedtodraftlawsthatpeopleknowandbenefitfrom

(PartNo:6,PageNo:176)

providedthatsuchlawscomplywithShari`ah.

Doingtheforegoingisnottantamounttoapplyingpositivelaws.Rather,itisonewayofapplyingShari`ah.
AsscholarsdrewupchapterstoexplainShar`y(Islamiclegal)rulings,acountrymaydraftalawontrade,
sale,endowments,marriage,etc.basedontheQur'anandSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet)
tobeknownandfollowedbypeople.DoingsoispermissibleandisnotaBid`ah(innovationinreligion)as
longassuchlawsdonotcontradictShari`ah.

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Q8:YourEminence,therearevoicescallingtobringaboutsomechangesinthecommunity
afterthiscrisis.Whatarethefields,whichyouthink,thatneedchangewhetherinoursociety
orinMuslimcommunitiesingeneral?

A : Thisisanimportantissuewherethosewhoelectpresidentsandpeopleinpowermustascertainthatthe
nomineesarereligious,honest,reasonable,ofsound`Aqidah(creed),andlovegoodnessforMuslims.They
mustnotelectanyonewithoutcriteria.Thenomineesmustbesuitabletoleadthecommunitytobringabout
successandhappiness.Regardingotherminorresponsibilitiessuchasassumingtheresponsibilityofatown,
village,association,schooladministrationandsoon,suitablenomineesshouldbecarefullychosen,avoiding
personaldesiresorbenefitsifthecandidatesarerelatives,friendsorbribers.

Thisisamajorbetrayaltherefore,itisobligatoryonindividualstogiveagreatdealofcaretochoosethe
peoplewhoarecompetent,honest,andknowledgeable,whocanbenefitthenationinitsreligiousand
worldlymattersiftheywerechosen.

WeshouldtakecareofestablishingIslamicschoolswhichbringupgoodyouth.Itisobligatoryontherulers
andthoseinchargetopayspecialattentiontogoodschools

(PartNo:6,PageNo:177)

andtogoodandsuitablemanagersaswellasallleadingpositionsforwhichonlysuitable,honestand
committedpeopleshouldbechosen.

www.ircpk.com

Q9:YourEminence,somehaverecentlycalledfortheboycottorsuspensionoftheFaridah
(obligatoryact)ofHajjthisyearunderpretextofthepresenceofforeignforces.Whatisyour
replytothem?

A : Thisisamaliciousclaimorthepersonswhopromoteitaredeceivedanddonothavedeepinsight,
becausetherearenodisbelievers,leadersofdisbelievers,ornonMuslimcountriesintheAlHaramaynAl
Sharifayn(theTwoSacredMosques:theSacredMosqueinMakkahandtheProphet'sMosqueinMadinah).TheSacredMosque
inMakkahandtheProphet'sMosqueinMadinaharepreservedandingoodhands.Theforeignforces,which
havetakenpartinthewaragainsttherulerofIraq,arefarawayfromMakkah.

Thecountries,whichcontributedtothevictoryanddeterringthetyrant,donothaveanyconnectionwiththe
A lHaramaynAlSharifaynandtheyarenotevennearthem.Theyhavecomeuponarequesttohelpthestricken
andoppressedpeopleagainsttheaggressor.TheydidnotcometofightMuslimsorseizetheAlHaramaynAl
Sharifayn.TheyhavecomeuponarequestfromtheCustodianoftheTwoHolyMosquestohelptheoppressedand
detertheoppressors.AllpraiseisforAllahWhomadethisusefulandbroughtaboutgreatgoodnessfor
MuslimsfromthesenonMuslimcountries,usedthemtodeterthetyrantandsavetheoppressedpeople.
ThosewhosaythattheTwoHolyMosquesaresurroundedbynonMuslimcountriesaredeceivedortellinglies
maliciously.NoonehastherighttocallpeopletocancelHajjbutMuslimsareratherencouragedto
cooperateinperformingHajj.Onlythosewhofearthedangersoftheroadareexcusedorincasethereare
dangersintheTwoSacredMosques.

WhentheroadisnotsafeortheTwoSacredMosquesarenotsafe,peopleareexcusedtodelayHajjforanother
yearbutpraisebetoAllahtheTwoSacredMosquesandtheroadaresafeandthereisnodanger.

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Q10:Duringthecrisis,somedisagreementarosebetweenknowledgeseekersandKhatibs
(preachers),evenlimitedbythefavorofAllah,whatdoyousayinthisregard?

A:Thereisnodoubtthatdisagreementonsomeissuesarosebetweenaudienceandsomepreachers

(PartNo:6,PageNo:178)

duetogoodintentionorlackofknowledge.ItisobligatoryonallMuslimstoresorttotheBookofAllahand
totheSunnahofHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).Itisalsoobligatoryonpreachersandtheiraudienceto
ascertainthingsandnottohastenuntiltheyfeelcomfortablethattheyhavegraspedthetruthandhavebeen
guidedbyproofsfromShari`ah.Thereshouldbenohastetoissueafatwawithoutdiscernment.

Knowledgeseekers,symposiumparticipants,lecturers,Fridaypreachers,andothershavetobesureof
everythingandnottojudgeanythingasHaram(prohibited),obligatory,recommended,lawfulorMakruh
(reprehensible)exceptwithgooddiscernmentinordernottoleadpeopleastray.

AsfortheissueofseekinghelpofnonMuslimstates,someMuslimbrothersthinkthisactionisnot
permissibleandSaudiArabiawasmistakenwhenitdidso.Infact,thisisamistake.SaudiArabiawasinneedto
dothisitwasrather,inastateofcompulsionbecauseofthepowerfulforcethattherulerofIraqhadandhis
suddeninvasionofKuwait.Therefore,SaudiArabiawasinneedofthehelpofsomeMuslimandnonMuslim
countries,becausethesituationwasserious,timewaspressing,andtherewasnoroomforleniency.

Itdidwellinthisregardanddidwhatwasnecessarytodetertheoppressorandconfinehimsothathe
wouldnotadvancemoreandcausemuchdamage.Asaresult,hewithdrewhisarmyfromtheoppressed
countries.

Inotherwords,seekingthehelpofnonMuslimsinthetimeofneedornecessitywhennoMuslimcanhelpis
imperativeinordertowardoffevil,whichismoredangerousthanseekingthehelpofforeigntroops.A
generalShari`ahruleprovidesforpushingawaythemoreharmfuldamagewiththeminoroneinorderto
obtainagreaterbenefit.Iftheruleroranyotherofficialislenientuntilevilworsens,thisisnotpermissible.
WemustbereadyforanythingandtakethechancetodeterandeliminateoppressionandprotectMuslims
fromthedangersthatmaybefallthemandwhichmaycauseworsedanger.

TheCouncilofSeniorScholarsstudiedthisissueofseekingthehelpofnonMuslimsifnecessarytofight
polytheistsandatheistsandgaveafatwatothepermissibilityofdoingsofortheaforementionedreasons.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:179)

ItisonlyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)whomweseekforhelp!

www.ircpk.com

Q11:Thefinalquestionisrelatedtomassmedia.Thecurrentcrisisshowedthatmassmedia
playanimportantroleinformingpeople'sopinionswhatdoyouthink?Whatistheroleof
scholarsandknowledgeseekersincooperationwithmassmedia?

A : Thereisnodoubtthatthemassmediaplayanimportantrolebutitisadoubleedgedweapon.
Therefore,itisobligatoryonpeopleinchargetofearAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andseekthetruthwhenthey
broadcastthroughvisual,audioandprintedmeans.Itisobligatorytopublishandbroadcastnewswhich
maybeusefultopeopleaboutthepeopleofknowledge,faithanddeepinsightandtoshowthemthetruth.
Harmfularticleswhichcontainatheismmustbeavoidedandshouldnotbebroadcastedorpublished.The
peoplehavetobehonestandonlybroadcastthatwhichguidespeopletothetruthandkeepsthemaway
fromfalsehood.

Itisobligatoryonmediaexecutivestogivetheirtrusttohonestpeoplewhohaveknowledge,deepinsight,
andintegrity.

ThemassmedianeedpeoplewhofearAllah(ExaltedbeHe),glorifyHimandseekthebenefitofMuslims
andtheentiresocietyinthematerialstheybroadcastinordernottoleadthepeopleastraybecauseoftheir
news.Itisknownthatthosewhobroadcastsomethingthatmayharmpeoplewillgainthesamelevelofsin
asthosewhomtheyledastray.Likewise,thosewhobroadcastsomethingusefulwillhavethesamereward
asthosewhobenefitfromit.WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)toguidethem,givethemsuccess,andreform
theiraffairs.

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Q21:Whatistherulingoncooperationbetweenscholarsandknowledgeseekerswithmass
media?

A : Itisobligatoryonscholarsandknowledgeseekerstocooperatewiththesemeansinordertoguidethe
people,makethemunderstandandteachthembecausethesemeansbenefitmillionsofpeoplewhenthey
aredirectedproperlyintherightdirection.Therefore,itisobligatoryonscholarsandgoodpeopleto
cooperatewiththemassmediainordertoachievethatwhichmaybenefitthepeopleintheirreligiousand
worldlyaffairs.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:180)

LettersofShaykhIbnBaz

ALettertotheKuwaitipeople

PraisebetoAllahthatHefacilitatedtheliberationofyourcountry.WearegratefultoAllah
forthis.WeaskAllah(HemaybeGlorified)todoubletherewardofyourMuslimbrotherswho
contributedtothisgreatactionandrewardthemthebest.WeaskHimtoguideallMuslimsto
thatwhichpleasesHim.WeaskHimtokeepthemcooperativeingoodnessandpietyandto
deteroppression.

DearbrothersofKuwait,youhavetobegratefultoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)forthisgreatfavor
theliberationofyourcountryfromoppression.YouhavetobeonthestraightpathofAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)andrepenttoHimofallsins,adviseoneanother,andcooperateingoodness
andpietysothatthefavorcontinuesandAllah(ExaltedbeHe)protectsyoufromtheevilyour
enemies.

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ALettertoFamiliesofMartyrs:

TotheparentsandfamiliesofmartyrswhowerekilledintheCauseofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andin
supportingtheoppressed,deterringtheoppressorandestablishingthetruththeyareingreatgoodandwe
hopethattheydieasmartyrs,aresafefromtheFireandarehappy.Weoffercondolencestothebereaved
families,relativesandfriends.WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tobestowmercy,forgiveness,andpatience
uponthemandcompensatethemwithgood.Wehopefordivinerewardforthem.WealsoaskAllahto
forgivethedeadandreformtheconditionsofthosewhoarealive,forHeistheMostGenerous.Infact,itis
afavorfromAllah(ExaltedbeHe),becausefightingforthesakeoftruth,rescuingMuslimsfromevil,
wardingoffoppressors,supportingthereligionofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andeliminatingcorruptionaresome
ofthefavorsofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andpartofJihad(strivingintheCauseofAllah).So,theirparents
shouldbehappyforthisgreatfavor,whichAllahprovidedthemmartyrdom.

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ALettertotheIraqipeople:

IrecommendyoutofearAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andrepenttoHimofthepastevil,fault,oppression

(PartNo:6,PageNo:181)

andaggression.Youmustexerteffortstochoosearighteousruler,whorulesbyShari`ah,leadsyouto
Paradiseandahighstatus,bewareoftheevilofSaddamandhislike,keephimawayfromleadership,and
exerteffortstodrawneartoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andkeepawayfromthethingsthatentailHisWrath.
Fromthesegoodthingsarethefollowing:choosingarighteousrulerthatrulesaccordingtoShari`ah,
callingtothereligionofAllah,wagingwaragainstBid`ahs(innovationinreligion)andwhims,keepingaway
fromatheismandcallingtoAllah(ExaltedbeHe).YoushouldchoosearulerfromAhlulSunnahwal
Jama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody)notfromBa`thistsorthosewhoviolate
theShari`ah.ThatistomakeyouobeyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andkeepyouawayfromallthatentailsHis
WrathandRevenge.

www.ircpk.com

ALettertotheYouthofIslamicAwakening

ThismessageisintendedforallyouthwhomAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasguidedtoholdfasttoreligion,
propagateIslam,andunderstandreligioninallcountries.IrecommendthemtofearAllah(ExaltedbeHe),
andascertainthingswiselyapartfromhaste.Irecommendthemtogivemuchcaretorecite,reflect,revise,
andlearntheGloriousQur'an.Ialsoadvisethemtomemorize,takecareof,andstudytheSunnahofthe
MessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim).IrecommendthemtocalltoAllah(ExaltedbeHe),enjoingood,
andforbidevilwithwisdom,andmaintaingoodbehaviorandspeech,notthroughviolenceandseveritybut
throughlenienceandinsightfulness.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Invite(mankind,OMuhammad
)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,
andarguewiththeminawaythatisbetter. Irecommendthemnottorushthings,makesureofallmatters,consult
oneanother,andcooperateforgoodinordertounderstandthereligionasitshouldbe.TheMessenger
(peacebeuponhim)said: "IfAllahwantstodogoodtoaperson,Hemakeshimcomprehendthereligion." Hastemaylead
togreatevil,soitisobligatorytoascertainthings,seektheShar`yproofs,andattendthesessionsof
scholarswhoareknownfortheirIstiqamah(integrity)andgood`Aqidah(creed).

www.ircpk.com

Scholarsandknowledgeseekers:

IadviseallscholarsandknowledgeseekerstofearAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andtakecareofverifyinglegal
proofs,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:182)

nottoimitatesoandso.IrecommendthemtotakecareoftheBookofAllah,theSunnahofHisMessenger
(peacebeuponhim),anddiscussmatterswithscholarstoknowthetruthaccordingtotheproofs,not
accordingtotheimitationofsoandso.Ialsorecommendknowledgeseekerstounderstandreligion,take
knowledgefromtheShar`yproofs,cooperateforgoodnessandpiety,recommendoneanotherwiththe
truth,andobservepatiencewithit.TheyshouldspreadknowledgebetweenthepeopleinMasjid(mosques)
andinotherplacesduringKhutbah(religioussermon),symposiums,andseminarsinschools,universities,
andeverywhere.

MayAllahgrantsuccesstoall.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:183)

Rulingonseekingthehelpofthedisbelieversinfightingagainstotherdisbelievers

PraisebetoAllah.Maypeaceandblessingsbeuponthenoblestofallmessengersi.e.Muhammadaswellas
hisfamily,hisCompanions,andthosewhofollowtheminrighteousnessuntiltheDayofResurrection.

Scholarsheldtwodifferentviewswithregardtotherulingonseekingthehelpofthedisbelieverstofight
otherdisbelievers:

First:Agroupheldthatitisprohibitedtoseekthehelpofthedisbelieverstofightagainstotherdisbelievers.
Theybasetheirargumentonthefollowing:

First:ItisrecordedbyMusliminhisSahih(authentic)bookofHadithontheauthorityof`Aishah(mayAllahbe
pleasedwithher)that theProphet(peacebeuponhim)setoutforBadrandwhenhereachedHarrahAlWabarah,aMushrik
(onewhoassociatesotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)whowasknownforhisvalorandcouragemethim.TheMushriksaid,
"Ihavecometofollowyouandtakeasharefromthebooty."TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)askedhim,"DoyoubelieveinAllah
andHisMessenger?"Themanreplied,"No."TheProphetsaid,"GobackforIwillnotseekthehelpofaMushrik."TheProphet(peace
beuponhim)wentonandwhenwereachedAlShajarah,themanmethimagainandrepeatedhisrequest.TheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)askedhimthesamequestionandthemangavethesamereply.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said,"GobackforIwill
notseekthehelpofaMushrik."ThemanreturnedandovertookhimatAlBaida'.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)repeatedthe
questiontohim,"DoyoubelieveinAllahandHisMessenger?"Themanreplied,"Yes."TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)
saidtohim,"Thencomealongwithus."

TheyalsobasetheirargumentontheHadithreportedbyAlHakiminhisSahih(authentic)bookofHadith
f r o mYazidibnHarunf r o mMustalimibnSa`idAlWasityfromKhubaybibn`AbdulRahmanibnKhubaybfromhisfatheron
theauthorityofhisgrandfather KhubaybibnYasafsaid,"AmanfrommytribeandIcametotheMessengerofAllah(peace
beuponhim).Itoldhim,"OMessengerofAllah!Wefeelashamedthatourpeoplewillfightinabattleandwewillnottakepartwith
them."TheProphet(peacebeuponthem)asked,"EmbraceIslam!"Wereplied,"No."He(peacebeuponhim)said,"Wedonotseek
thehelpoftheMushriks."KhubaybibnYasafsaid,"Thus,weembracedIslamandparticipatedwiththem." AlHakimclassifiedits
Isnad(chainofnarration)asSahih(authentic)butAlBukhariandMuslimdidnotreportit.Khubaybisawell
knownSahaby(CompanionoftheProphet).[Endofquotation.]ThisHadithwasalsomentionedbyAlHafizh
AlZayla`yinhisbookentitled,"NasbAlRayah"(p.423.)HesaidthatthisHadithwasreportedbyAhmad,Ibn
AbuShaybah,andIshaqibnRahawayintheirMusnads(Hadithcompilations)whileAlTabaranyrecordedit
inhisbook:"AlMu`jam"ontheauthorityof

(PartNo:6,PageNo:184)

IbnAbuShaybah.

ItisstatedinAlTanqihthatMustalimistrustworthyandKhubaybibn`AbdulRahmanisareliablenarrator.Allah
knowsbest!

A lZayla`yreportedanotherHadithwhichwasrecordedbyIshaqIbnRahawayhinhisMusnad:Itisreportedby
A lFadlibnMusafromMuhammadibn`Amribn`AlqamahfromSa`idibnAlMundhirontheauthorityofAbuHamidAlSa`idy
whosaid, WhentheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)wentoutonthedayofUhudandpassedThaniyyatulWada`,he
lookedbehindhimandthereappearedasquadron.He(peacebeuponhim)inquired,"Whoarethese?"Itwassaid,"Thisis`Abdullah
ibnUbayibnSalulandhisJewishfellowstheyarethealliesof`AbdullahibnSalam.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)asked,"Have
theyembracedIslam?"Theysaid,"No,theystillholdtotheirreligion."TheProphetreplied,"Tellthemtogoback.Verily,wedonot
seekthehelpoftheMushriksaganistotherMushriks."

ThisHadithwasalsorecordedbyAlWaqidyinhisbookentitled,"KitabAlMaghazy(BookofBattles),"with
thefollowingwording, TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)inquired,"Whoarethese?"Itwassaid,"OMessengerofAllah!These
aretheJewishfellowsofIbnUbay."TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said,"WedonotseektheassistanceoftheMushriksinfighting
againstotherMushriks."

A lHazimystatedin,"AlNasikhwalMansukh":Scholarshelddifferentopinionswithregardtothismatter.A
groupagreedontheprohibitionofseekingthehelpoftheMushriks,suchasAhmadtheyadheredtothe
Hadithof`Aishahwhichwaspreviouslymentioned.TheystatedthattheotherHadithwhichcontradictthis
Haditharenotasauthenticasthisone.Therefore,theclaimthatthisHadithwasabrogatedisdisqualified.

AgroupheldtheviewthatitispermissibleforaMuslimleadertopermittheMushrikstofightwiththemon
twoconditions:

First,iftheMuslimsarefewinnumberandseekingthehelpoftheMushriksbecomesnecessary.

Second,itispermissibletoallowtheMushrikswhoaretrustedwithMuslimsaffairs.ItisrecordedthatAl
Shafi`ysaid,TheHadithinwhichMaliknarratedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)refusedtoseekthe
helpoftheMushriksinbattlewasontheoccasionoftheBattleofBadr.However,intheBattleofKhaybaryears
aftertheBattleofBadr,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)soughtthehelpoftheJewsfromBanuQaynuqa`.Inthe
BattleofHunayn,whichtookplacein8A.H.,hesoughtthehelpofSafwanibnUmayyahwhenhewasaMushrik. www.ircpk.com
IftheHadithnarratedbyMalikindicatesthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)wasfreetochoosebetween
seekingthehelpoftheMushriksorrefusingtheirhelp,andthathewouldevenrefusetoseekthehelpofa
Muslimifhedoubtsit,thenthetwoHadithwillnotbeinconflictwitheachother.If,however,it[theHadith
narratedbyMalik]indicatesthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)refusedtheman'sdesiretoparticipate
withtheminbattlebecausethelatterwasaMushrik,theanswerwillbethatthisHadithwasabrogatedby
theotherHadithwhichshowedthathesoughttheirhelpafterwards.

ItispermissibletoseekthehelpofMushrikstofightagainst

(PartNo:6,PageNo:185)

otherMushriks,iftheyarewillingtohelp.Itisnotpermissibletogivethemashareofthebootyasitwas
notauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)didso.AlShafi`ysaid,"He(peacebeupon
him)mighthaverefusedtolettheMushrikparticipateintheBattleofBadr,hopingthathewouldembrace
Islam."HealsoaddedthatitispermissiblefortheMuslimleadertoturndownaMushrikortogivehim
permission.TheopinionofAlShafi`ywatransmittedbyAlBayhaqy.[Endofquotation].

A lNawawy(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)statedinhisbook,"SharhSahihMuslim",(vol.12,pp.198199),
"TheHadithnarratedontheauthorityof`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)thattheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)setouttoBadr,andwhenhereachedHarratAlWabarahwhichisfourmilesfromMadinahandthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)said, "GobackforIwillnotseekthehelpofaMushrik." AccordingtoanotherHadith,
theProphet(peacebeuponhim)soughtthehelpofSafwanibnUmayyahbeforethelatterembracedIslamsoa
groupofscholarsbasedtheirargumentonthefirstHadithingeneral.

A lShafi`yandotherscholarssaidthatitispermissibletoseekthehelpofdisbelievers,iftheyoffergood
advicetoMuslimsandwhenitisnecessaryotherwiseitisMakruh(reprehensible).ThetwoHadithare
interpretedwiththismeaning.However,ifadisbeliverisgivenpermissiontoparticipate,heshouldnot
receiveashareofthebooty.Allahknowsbest![Endofquotation].

IbnHubayrah,theVizier,statedinhisbook,"AlIfsah`anMa`anyAlSihah"(vol.2,p.286):Scholarsheld
differentviewsregardingseekingthehelpoftheMushrikstofightagainsttheenemies.MalikandAhmad
maintainedthatitisnotpermissibletoseekthehelpoftheMushriksatall.However,Malikaddedthatitis
permissibletoseektheirhelpiftheyareintheserviceoftheMuslims.AbuHanifahbelievedthatitis
permissibletoseektheirhelpabsolutelyiftheyareunderIslamicruleotherwiseitisMakruhtousethem.

A lShafi`ysaidthatitispermissibletoseekthehelpofMushriksbutontwoconditions:First,theMuslimsare
fewinnumberwhiletheMushriksaregreatinnumbers.Second,theMushriksholdgoodopinionsabout
Islamandareinclinedtoit.Thereisnoharmintakingtheiradvicebuttheyshouldnotreceiveashareofthe
booty.However,Ahmadinoneofhistwonarrationssaidthatitispermissibletogivethemashareofthe
booty. A lShafi`ysaid:Iftheywerehired,theyshouldbepaidfromthemoneywhichhasnoowner.Healso
saidthattheyshouldbegivenfromthespoils.AlWazirsaid:Ibelievethatthiscaseshouldbetreated
exactlythesameasthecasesofJizyah(polltaxrequiredfromnonMuslimslivinginanIslamicstate)and
Kharaj(taxonagriculturalland).[Endofquotation].

(PartNo:6,PageNo:186)

Second,agroupofscholarssaidthatitispermissibletoseekthehelpofMushriksinfightingagainstother
Mushrikswhennecessary.TheybasedtheirargumentonalotofevidenceamongwhichisAllah'ssayingin
SurahAlAn`am, whileHehasexplainedtoyouindetailwhatisforbiddentoyou,exceptundercompulsionofnecessity They
alsousedAlShafi`y'sopinionwhichwastransmittedbyAlHazimyandwhichwaspreviouslymentionedas
evidence.AlHazimy(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)reportedthatagroupofscholarspermittedseekingthe
helpofMushriksontwoconditions:

A.TheMuslimsarefewinnumber,soseekingthehelpoftheMushriksbecomesnecessary.

B.ItispermissibletoallowtheMushrikswhoaretrustedwithMuslimsaffairs.Wehavestatedbeforethe
opinionofAlShafi`ywhichwastransmittedbyAlNawawyinwhichAlShafi`ypermittedseekingthehelpofthe
MushriksprovidedthatthetwoconditionsarefulfilledotherwiseitwillbeMakruh.TheopinionofAlShafi`y
wasalsotransmittedbyAlWazirIbnHubayrahaspreviouslymentioned.

ThosewhoareoftheopinionthatseekingthehelpoftheMushriksispermissiblecitedasevidencethe
HadithwhichwasreportedbyAhmadandAbuDawudontheauthorityofDhuMakhmarwhosaidthatheheard
theMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)say, YouwillmakeapeacetreatywiththeRomansandtogetheryouwill
invadeanenemybeyondRome.Youwillbevictoriousandtakemuchbooty..." ThefactthattheProphet(peacebeupon
him)didnotdispraisethem[thosewhosoughtthehelpoftheRomansandfoughtwiththem]wasdeemed
approvalofwhattheydid.ThisHadithshowsthatthismatterispermissiblewhennecessaryasmentioned
above.

A lMajdIbnTaymiyyahsaidinhisbook,"AlMuhararfiAlFiqh"(vol.2,p.171):"Itisnotpermissibletoseekthe
helpoftheMushriksunlessitisnecessary.IftheMuslimarmywillincreaseinstrengthbyjoiningthe
Mushrikarmyandtheywillbothformapowerfulfrontagainsttheenemy,andthey[theMushriks]hold
goodopinionsaboutIslam,itwillbepermissibleotherwiseitisnot.[Endofquotation].

A lMuwaffaqstatedinAlMuqni`(vol.1,p.492):"ItisnotpermissibletoseekthehelpoftheMushriksexcept
whennecessary." www.ircpk.com
Itisstatedin"AlMughny"(vol.8,pp.414415):"ItisnotpermissibletoseekthehelpoftheMushriks."Ibn
A lMundhir,A lJawzajany,andagroupofscholarsheldthesameopinion.However,AhmadrecordedaHadith
whichindicatesthepermissibilityofseekingtheirhelp.AlKhiraqyisoftheopinionthatitispermissibletoseek
theirhelpwhennecessary.ThisisalsotheopinionofAlShafi`yfortheHadithwhichwasnarratedbyAlZuhry
asmentionedaboveandthenarrationoftheHadithofSafwanibnUmayyah.TheMushrikwhosehelpissought
musthaveagoodopinionwithregardtotheMuslimsotherwiseitisnotpermissibletoseekhishelp.Since
thehelpofanuntrustworthyMuslim,likeonewhoweakensthemoraleoftheMuslimsandspreadsrumors
todisheartenthem,isforbiddentobesought,thehelpofthedisbelieverisalsoforbiddentobesoughtin
thiscase.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:187)

Thisviewissupportedbywhatisnarratedby`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher),whosaid, The
MessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)setoutforBadrandwhenhereachedHarrahAlWabarah,aMushrik(onewhoassociates
otherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)whoisknownforhisvalorandcouragemethim.TheMushriksaid,"Ihavecometofollow
youandtakeasharefromthebooty."TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)askedhim,"DoyoubelieveinAllahandHisMessenger?"The
manreplied,"No."TheProphetsaid,"GobackforIwillnotseekthehelpofaMushrik."TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)
wentonandwhenwereachedAlBaida',themanmethimagainandrepeatedhisrequest.TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeupon
him)repeatedthequestiontohim,"DoyoubelieveinAllahandHisMessenger?"Themanreplied,"Yes."TheMessengerofAllah
(peacebeuponhim)saidtohim,"Thencomealongwithus." (RelatedbyAlBukhari,Muslim,andAlJawzajany)

ItisrecordedbyImamAhmadontheauthorityof `AbdulRahmanibnKhubaybwhosaid:AmanfrommytribeandI
cametotheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim).Itoldhim,"OMessengerofAllah!Wefeelashamedthatourpeoplewillfightin
abattleandwewillnottakepartwiththem."TheProphet(peacebeuponthem)asked,"DidyouembraceIslam?"Wereplied,"No."
He(peacebeuponhim)said,"WedonotseekthehelpoftheMushriksagainstMushriks." IbnAlMundhirstatedthatthe
Hadith,whichindicatesthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)soughttheirhelpisnotauthentic.[Endof
quotation].

AfterhequotedtheHadithrelatedtothepermissibilityandtheimpermissibilityofseekingthehelpofthe
Mushriks,AlHafizhsaidinhisbook,"AlTalkhis":ThecommongroundbetweentheHadithof`Aishah,the
HadithofSafwanibnUmayyah,andtheHadithMursal(aHadithwithnoCompanionoftheProphetinthechain
ofnarration)ofAlZuhryarerepresentedinthefollowingpointswhichweretransmittedbyAlBayhaqyfromAl
Shafi`y:First,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)feltthatthemanwouldembraceIslamsohesenthimback
hopingthathewouldacceptIslamandhewascorrect.However,thisviewisquestionablebearinginmind
thatthewordingoftheHadithindicatesgenerality,intheformofanegatedindefiniteexpression.Second,it
mightmeanthatthemattershouldbereferredtotheImamhowever,thisviewisalsoquestionable.Third,
itmightalsomeanthatseekingthehelpofMushrikswasinitiallyprohibitedbutthisprohibitionwaslater
liftedbyaconcessionthisopinionistheclosesttocorrectness,anditwasadoptedbyAlShafi`y.

Itisstatedin"AlFuru`"(vol.6,pp.4950)"SeekingthehelpoftheMushriksisMakruhunlessnecessary."A
groupofscholarssaid,"ItispermissiblewhennecessarytoseekthehelpoftheMushrikwhocanbetrusted
withtheMuslim'saffairs."HeaddedinAlMuharir,"Whenhispowerdependsontheenemy."

A lSan`any(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)saidinhisbookSubulAlSalam(vol.4,pp.4950)inhis
explanationoftheHadithnarratedby`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher), "GobackforIwillnotseekthehelp
"Accordingtoagroupofscholars,thisHadithindicatesthatitisnotpermissibletoseekthehelp
ofaMushrik,"
ofMushrikinfighting."However,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:188)

A lHadwiyyah,AbuHanifahandhisfollowersbelievethatthismatterispermissiblebecausetheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)soughtthehelpofSafwanibnUmayyahintheBattleofHunayn,andhealsosoughtthehelpoftheJews
ofBanuQaynuqa`andagreedontheiropinion.ThiswasrecordedbyAbuDawud,andAlTirmidhyonthe
authorityofAlZuhryasaHadithMursal.However,theHadithMursalwhicharenarratedbyAlZuhryareDa`if(a
HadiththatfailstoreachthestatusofHasan,duetoaweaknessinthechainofnarrationoroneofthe
narrators). A lDhahabysaid:BecauseheusedtomakemistakesandsotheHadithwhichhenarratescontain
doubtfulmattersandTadlis(misrepresentationresultingfromaHadithnarratorwhoprovidesmisleading
informationabouthisshaykhorthechainofnarration).AlBayhaqyrecordedontheauthorityofAbuHamidAl
Sa`idythattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)senttheMushriksback.

Thecompilersaid:ThedifferentnarrationscanbereconciledbytheassumptionthattheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)sentbacktheMushrikontheBattleofBadr,becausehe(peacebeuponhim)feltthathewould
embraceIslamsohesenthimbackhopingthathewouldacceptIslamandhewascorrect.Itmightalso
meanthatseekingthehelpofMushriksisprohibitedbuttheProphet(peacebeuponhim)gaveRukhsah
(concession)andthisopinionistheclosestview.He(peacebeuponhim)soughtthehelpofMushriksinthe
BattleofHunayninreturnforashareofthebooty.AlHadwiyyahstipulatedthattheImamshouldhavewithhim
agroupofMuslimswhocanexecutetherulings.ItisreportedinSharhMuslimthatAlShafi`ysaid,"Itis
permissibletoseekthehelpoftheMushrikwhoaretrustedwiththeMuslims'affairswhennecessary,
otherwiseitisMakruh."

AccordingtoIjma`(consensusofscholars),itispermissibletoseekthehelpofthehypocritesforthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)soughtthehelpof`AbdullahibnUbayandhispeople.

Theabovementionedaretheopinionsofthescholarsthatwecouldcollectonthisquestion.MayAllahgrant
ussuccess!PeacebeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamilyandCompanions!`Abdul`Azizibn`Abdullahibn
Baz www.ircpk.com
PresidentoftheConstituentAssemblyoftheWorldMuslimLeague

ChairmanoftheDepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,

Ifta',Daw`ah,andGuidance

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:189)

ExplanationofAllah'sSaying(ExaltedbeHe):"Whentheyhadbeenunjusttothemselves,had
cometoyouandbeggedAllah'sForgiveness,andtheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)had
beggedforgivenessforthem"

Q:Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: WesentnoMessenger,buttobeobeyedbyAllhsLeave.Ifthey(hypocrites),whenthey
hadbeenunjusttothemselves,hadcometoyou(Muhammad)andbeggedAllhsForgiveness,andthe
Messengerhadbeggedforgivenessforthem:indeed,theywouldhavefoundAllhAllForgiving(OneWhoforgivesandaccepts
repentance),MostMerciful. Butno,byyourLord,theycanhavenoFaith,untiltheymakeyou(OMuhammad)
judgeinalldisputesbetweenthem,andfindinthemselvesnoresistanceagainstyourdecisions,andaccept(them)withfull
submission.

Thequestionis:SomeMuslimsinterpretthisAyahthatthereisnoharmforaMuslimtotravel
totheMessenger'sgrave(peacebeuponhim)toaskhimtoseekAllah'sforgivenessforthem
fromhisgrave.Isthisactvalid?DoesitcomeinaccordancewithAllah's(ExaltedbeHe)
Saying?Doestheword"come"meangoingtohiminhislifeorafterhisdeath?DoesaMuslim
apostatizefromIslamifheorshedoesnotjudgebytheSunnah(whateverreportedfromthe
Prophet)oftheMessengerofAllah?Arethedisputesmentionedrelatedtotheworldlylifeor
theHereafter?

A : ThisnobleAyahencouragestheUmmah(nationofcreed),iftheyunjustlytreatthemselves
bycommittingsinsorseriousactsofShirk(associatingothersinworshipthanAllah),tocome
totheProphet(peacebeuponhim)withTawbah(repentance)andregretsothathe(peace
beuponhim)seeksAllah'sForgivenesstothem.Theword"coming"herereferstogoingto
himduringhislifetime(peacebeuponhim)whenhewascallingthehypocritesandothersto
cometohimtodeclaretheirTawbah,returntoAllah(ExaltedbeHe),andaskhim(peacebe
uponhim)andsupplicatetoAllahtoaccepttheirTawbahandadjusttheirconditions.Thisis
whyAllah(mayhebeExalted)says: WesentnoMessenger,buttobeobeyedbyAllhsLeave. Obedienceto
theMessenger(peacebeuponhim)isonlyattainedbyAllah'sWilli.e.theDivineDecree.
Thus,whoeverisgrantedAllah'sWilltobecomeguided,willbeguided,andwhoeverisnot
willnot,sincethematterisinAllah'sHands(GlorifiedbeHe).WhateverHewillsshallbeand
whateverHedoesnotwill,shallnotbe.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Andyoucannotwillunless(itbe)
thatAllhwillstheLordoftheAlamn(mankind,jinnandallthatexists).

AsfortheShar`y(Islamicallylawful)Will,He(GlorifiedbeHe)haspermittedbothhumanand
Jinntobeguided,andthisiswhatHewillsandordainsthemtodo.He(ExaltedbeHe)says: O
mankind!WorshipyourLord(Allh) Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Allhwishestomakeclear(whatislawfuland
whatisunlawful)toyou,andtoshowyouthewaysofthosebeforeyou,andacceptyourrepentance,andAllhisAllKnower,All
Wise.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:190)

ThenHesays: Ifthey(hypocrites),whentheyhadbeenunjusttothemselves,hadcometoyou(Muhammad
)andbeggedAllhsForgiveness i.e.theyaretrulyobservingTawbah(repentance)andregret,not
justbywords andtheMessengerhadbeggedforgivenessforthem Inotherwords,iftheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)supplicatedtoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)toforgivethem indeed,theywouldhavefoundAllhAll
Forgiving(OneWhoforgivesandacceptsrepentance),MostMerciful. Thisisanencouragementtothem(the
servants),tocometotheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)todeclaretheirTawbahbeforehim
andtointercedetohimtoaskAllah'sforgivenessforthem,butitdoesnotmeanafterhis
deathlikewhatsomeignorantpeoplethink,forgoingtohimafterhisdeathforthispurpose
isimpermissible.However,peoplecanpayhimavisittogreethim,andthisappliesfor
whoeverexistsinMadinahorarrivestherewiththeintentionofofferingSalah(prayer),reciting
Qur'anandsoforth.Therefore,ifapersoncomestotheMasjid(mosque),theycangreetthe
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)andhistwoCompanions(i.e.AbuBakrand`Umar).However,
itisimpermissibletotraveljusttovisitthegraveratherthisshouldbedonetotheMasjid,
andvisitinghisgrave(peacebeuponhim)andthegravesofAlSiddiqand`Umar(mayAllahbe
pleasedwithbothofthem)shouldbesubsequenttothevisitoftheMasjid.Thisisbecausehe
(peacebeuponhim)said: Nooneshouldtravel(tovisitanyMasjid)exceptforthreeMasjids:AlMasjidAlHaram,My
MasjidandAlMasjidAlAqsa (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim).Itisimpermissibleto
traveltovisitgraves,butifsomeonearrivestoAlMasjidAlNabawy,itispermissibleforthemto
greettheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andhistwocompanions(AmyAllahbepleasedwith
bothofthem).AccordingtothepreviouslymentionedHadith,itisimpermissibletotravelfor
thepurposeofvisitingthegraveonly.

RegardingIstighfar(seekingforgivenessfromAllah),thisshouldhappeninhislifetime,not
afterhisdeath.TheevidenceisthattheSahabah,whowerethemostknowledgeableofthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)andthemostunderstandingofhisreligion,didnotdoit.The www.ircpk.com
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)said: Whensomeonedies,theiractscometoahalt,exceptforthreeSadaqahJariyah
(ongoingcharity),knowledge(bywhichpeople)benefit,orapiouschildwhopraysforthem(forthedeceased) .

Asforwhathe(peacebeuponhim)hadsaidthatwhoeverconveysblessingsuponhim,their
blessingswillbesubmittedtohim,thisisadistinctivefeaturerelativetoconveyingblessings
uponhim,forwhoeverconveysblessingsuponhim(peacebeuponhim)once,Allah(Exalted
beHe)conveysblessingsuponthemtenfold.He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: Conveymore
blessingsuponmeonFriday,foryourblessingswillbesubmittedtome.Peopleasked:"OMessengerofAllah,howcanthisbewhile
yourbodywillbedecomposed?"Hesaid:"Allahhasprohibitedtheearthfromconsumingthebodiesoftheprophets." Thisruling
isrestrictedtoconveyingblessingsuponhim.Moreover,itisreportedinanotherHadiththat
he(peacebeuponhim)said: AllahhasroamingangelswhoconveytheblessingsofmyUmmahtome.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:191)

ThisisadistinctiveattributeoftheMessenger(peacebeuponhim),andheisbeinginformed
aboutthat.

Ontheotherhand,goingtothegravetoofferTawbah(repentance)andseekforgivenessis
baselessitisanimpermissibleandabominableactofBid`ah(innovationinreligion)anda
meanstoShirk(associatingothersinworshipwithAllah),suchasaskingforintercession,
curingapatient,attainingvictoryoverenemies,andaskingforDu`a'(supplication).Allthisis
impermissible,fortheProphet(peacebeuponhim)didnotdothesethings,noranyother
personsaftertheirdeath.Itisimpermissibletoinvokeorintercedetoadeceasedperson,
whetherheistheProphet(peacebeuponhim)oranyotherperson.However,thisusedtobe
doneduringhislifetime,likethosewhousedtoaskforhisintercessionbysaying:O
MessengerofAllah!IntercedewithAllahformetoforgiveme,curemypatient,returnback
theabsent,givemesoandso.ThesamealsooccursontheDayofJudgmentafter
Resurrection,whentheMu'minuncometoAdamtoaskhimtointercedeforthemwithAllah
tostartjudgmentamongthem,butheapologizesandturnsthemovertoNuh(Noah).Theygo
toNuhbuthealsoapologizesandturnsthemovertoIbrahim(Abraham)whoagain
apologizestothemandturnsthemovertoMussa(Moses),whoalsoapologizesandturns
themoverto`Eissa(Jesus),whoturnsthemovertoMuhammad(peacebeuponhim).After
theyallapologizefornotinterceding,Muhammad(peacebeuponthem)says:Iamfitfor
that,thenheproceedstoprostrateunderthe`Arsh(AllahsThrone),praisesHisLordwith
wordsofpraiseinspiredbyAllah(ExaltedbeHe),whichhedoesnotyetknow.Hewillbetold:
"Raiseyourhead,speak,andyouwillbeheard,askandyouwillbeanswered,intercedeand
yourintercessionwillbeaccepted."Therefore,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)willcontinue
intercedingforthepeopleofthesceneuntilHe(ExaltedbeHe)judgesamongthem,andhe
(peacebeuponhim)willintercedeforthepeopleofJannah(paradise)untiltheyenterit.So,
thiswillhappenbecausehe(peacebeuponhim)willbepresent,butintheBarzakh(period
betweendeathandtheResurrection),afterhisdeathheshouldnotbeaskedtointercede,
cureapatient,returnanabsentpersonbackandsuchthings.Thesameappliestoother
deceasedpeople,fortheyshouldnotbeaskedanysuchthings,rather,weshouldsupplicateto
andseekforgivenessfromAllah(ExaltedbeHe)forthemiftheyareMuslims.Thisshouldbe
soughtfromAllahalone,suchastosay:OAllah!AcceptyourProphet'sintercession(peacebe
uponhim)formeOAllahcuremypatientOAllahgrantmevictoryovermyenemyandsoon.
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: InvokeMe,[i.e.believeinMyOneness(IslmicMonotheism)andaskMeforanything]Iwill
respondtoyour(invocation). Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: AndwhenMyslavesaskyou(OMuhammad
)concerningMe,then(answerthem),Iamindeednear(tothembyMyKnowledge).Irespondtotheinvocationsofthe
supplicantwhenhecallsonMe(withoutanymediatororintercessor).

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Butno,byyourLord,theycanhavenoFaith,untiltheymakeyou(OMuhammad
)judgeinalldisputesbetweenthem Thisisgeneral,foritisimpermissibleforMuslimsto
deviatefrom

(PartNo:6,PageNo:192)

Allah'sShari`ah,onthecontrary,theyshouldruleaccordingtoitineverything,regardingacts
ofworship,transactions,andallreligiousandworldlyaffairs,foritiscomprehensive.Allah
(mayhebeGlorified)says: Dotheythenseekthejudgementof(thedaysof)Ignorance?Andwhoisbetterinjudgement
thanAllhforapeoplewhohavefirmFaith. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Andwhosoeverdoesnotjudgebywhat
Allhhasrevealed,sucharetheKfirn(i.e.disbelieversofalesserdegreeastheydonotactonAllhsLaws). Andwhosoever
doesnotjudgebythatwhichAllhhasrevealed,sucharetheZlimn(polytheistsandwrongdoersofalesserdegree). And
whosoeverdoesnotjudgebywhatAllhhasrevealed(then)such(people)aretheFsiqn[therebelliousi.e.disobedient(ofalesser
degree)toAllh]. TheseAyahsarecommontoallthings,whichpeopledisagreeanddisputeabout.
ThisiswhyAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Butno,byyourLord,theycanhavenoFaith meaningMuslimsand
others untiltheymakeyou(OMuhammad)judge meaningMuhammad(peacebeupon
him),andthishappensbymakinghim(peacebeuponhim)judgeduringhislifeandrulebyhis
Sunnahafterhisdeath,forrulingaccordingtohisSunnahistojudgebytheQur'anandthe
Sunnah: inalldisputesbetweenthem meaninginallthatwhichtheydisputeabout.Thatiswhatthey
shoulddotorefertotheNobleQur'anandtheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)forjudgment
amongthemduringhislifeandafterhisdeathaswellasfollowinghisSunnah,which
representsadeclarationandinterpretationofthemeaningsoftheQur'an.
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AsforAllah'sSaying(GlorifiedbeHe): andfindinthemselvesnoresistanceagainstyourdecisions,andaccept
(them)withfullsubmission. itmeansthattheirheartsshouldbeopenedtohisjudgmentandthey
shouldhavenoresistancetoit,becauseitistheundisputabletruth.Atthesametimeitisthe
judgmentofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).Weshouldsubmitandfeelcomfortable
towarditwithouthavinganyobjection,notonlythisbutweshouldhavefullsubmissionto
andconfidenceinAllah'sRulingaswell.ThisisthedutyofallMuslimswithrespecttoany
claimsordisputesthatariseamongthem,whetherrelatingtoreligious,financial,ormarital
affairs.

ThisistheoriginofhavingImaninAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeupon
him)regardingtheapplication,acceptance,andbelievingShari'ahasthearbitratorbetween
people.Itisessential,sowhoeverclaimsthatitispermissibletoruleinaccordancewithother
thanitorthatitispermissibleforpeopletoresorttoparents,grandparentsorpositivelaws
oftheeastorthewest

(PartNo:6,PageNo:193)

hasnoImanandaccordinglywillbeadisbeliever.WhoeversaysthatAllah'sShari`ahmaynot
beappliedbutitisbettertoapplyit,lawsarebetter,orthatlawsareequaltoAllah's
Shari`ahwillbeapostatizingfromIslam.Thisapostasyincludesthreeforms:

First:TosaythattheShari`ahisbetterbutthereisnoprohibitiontorulebyotherthanit.

Second:TosaythattheShari`ahandlawsaresimilarandthatthereisnodifferencebetween
them.

Third:TosaythatlawsarebetterandmoreworthyofapplicationthanShari`ah,andthisis
theworstviewofall.However,alltheseviewsfallunderKufrandapostasyfromIslam.

However,ifsomeoneviewsthatitisanobligationtorulebytheShari`ahandthatitis
impermissibletorulebypositivelawsthatcontradictit,buttheystillrulewiththemfora
personalgain,bribe,politicalaffairs,andsoon,whileknowingthatthiscontradictsthe
Shari`ah,theywillhaveimperfectImanandwillbeattainingminorKufr,Zhulm(injustice)and
Fisq(flagrantviolationofIslamiclaw).ThismeaningwasauthenticallyreportedfromIbn`Abbas
(mayAllahbepleasedwithbothofthem),MujahidandagroupofSalaf(righteouspredecessors)
(mayAllahbeMercifultothem).ItisalsotheviewofAhlulSunnahwalJama`ah(those
adheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody),contrarytoKhawarij(separatistgroupthatbelieves
committingamajorsinamountstodisbelief)andMu`tazilah(adeviantIslamicsectclaimingthatthosewhocommitmajorsinsarein
astatebetweenbeliefanddisbelief)andthosewhofollowedtheirway.

AllahistheOnetobesoughtforhelpandsupport.

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:194)

Themeaningof: thatyoumightjudgebetweenmenbythatwhichAllhhasshownyou

Q:Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: thatyoumightjudgebetweenmenbythatwhichAllhhasshownyou(i.e.hastaught
youthroughDivineRevelation) DoesthismeanthatAllahhascommandedHisMessenger(peacebe
uponhim)tojudgeaccordingtotherulingsembeddedintheQur'anwithoutexertingany
personaleffortpertainingtomattersthathavenotext?DidtheMessengerofAllah(peacebe
uponhim)everpracticeIjtihad(juristicefforttoinferexpertlegalrulings)?

A : Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)hascommandedHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)to
judgeamongpeopleaccordingtowhathasbeenrevealedtohim.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says:
Andsojudge(youOMuhammad)amongthembywhatAllhhasrevealed He(peacebeuponhim)
usedtojudgeaccordingtowhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)revealedandwhentherewasnotext,
hepracticedIjtihadanddependedonevidencefromShari`ah(Islamiclaw).Itisconfirmed
thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, "Youpeoplepresentyourcasestomeandsomeofyoumaybemore
eloquentandpersuasiveinpresentingtheirargumentthanothers.If,asaresult,Igivesomeone'srighttoanother,Iaminfactgiving
themapieceoftheFire.Theycaneithertakeitorleaveit." (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslimanditwas
relatedontheauthorityofUmSalamah,mayAllahbepleasedwithher).TheHadithmeansthat
theProphet(peacebeuponhim)couldpracticeIjtihadinjudgmentsbasedonShari`ahwhen
therewasnoevidencerevealedregardingthem.Anyonewhoknewthejudgmentwasnot
basedonthetruthandhadpresentedfalsewitnesseshadindeedtakenapieceoftheFire.
TheyshouldbewareofthatandfearAllah,evenifthejudgewastheMessengerofAllah
(peacebeuponhim).

Thisisbecauseajudgedependsonwhatisknownofthetrustworthinessanduprightnessof
thewitnessoroftheclaimant'soath.Sotheclaimantmaybringfalsewitnessesknowntobe
trustworthywhilehehasnoright,orhemayknowtheyarefalsewitnesseswhilethejudge
considersthemtobeupright,fortheyfulfilltheformalrequirementsofuprightness.Inthis
case,themoney,disputeditemortheQisas(retaliation),arenottheclaimant'srightsincehe
knowsitisnotandknowsthathehastransgressedandwrongedtheother.Therightwillnot
belawfulfortheplaintiffevenifthejudgegivesittohim,forajudgecanonlyjudges
accordingtothefactsandevidencepresented.ThatiswhytheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
said, "If,asaresult,Igivesomeone'srighttoanother,IaminfactgivingthemapieceoftheFire." Therefore,the
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)judgedaccordingtowhatAllahrevealedtohimandwhenevera
matterhadnorevealedtext,hepracticedIjtihad,forhisnationtofollowhisexample.Inboth
cases,thejudgmentisaccordingtowhatAllahhasrevealed,asheisapplying

(PartNo:6,PageNo:195)

Shari`ahwhichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasrevealed.Thus,whenAlZubayribnAl`Awwam(mayAllah
bepleasedwithhim)complainedthatsomeonetookapieceofhisland,theProphet(peacebe
uponhim)said, "Presentyourtwowitnessesorhewilltakehisoath.'SoAlZubayrsaid,'Thenhewilltakeafalseoathcaring
fornothing?'TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said,'Youhavenothingbutthat.'" (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariand
Muslim).

"WhentheProphet(peacebeuponhim)sentMu`adhashisdelegatetoYemen,heaskedhim,'Howwillyoujudgeincases
presentedtoyou?'Hesaid,'IwilljudgeaccordingtowhatisrevealedintheQur'an.'He(peacebeuponhim)asked,'Whatifyoudo
notfinditintheQur'an?'Hesaid,'IwilljudgeaccordingtowhatisintheSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet).'He(peace
beuponhim)asked,'WhatifyoudonotfinditintheSunnah?'Hesaid,'IwillpracticeIjtihadandwillsparenoeffort.'Uponhearing
that,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)tappedhimonthechestandsaid,'AllpraisebetoAllahWhohasgrantedtheMessengerof
AllahsuccesstofindwhatpleasestheMessengerofAllah.'" (RelatedbyAhmadandotherswithagoodchainof
narrators).

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:196)

Themeaningof: AndthereisnolivingcreatureonearthexceptthatitsprovisionisduefromAllh.

Q:BrotherIbrahim`A.Z.fromcoastBaniasinSyriasays:Allah(ExaltedbeHe)states: Andno
moving(living)creatureisthereonearthbutitsprovisionisduefromAllh. ThismeansthatAllahhasmadeit
bindingonHimselftoprovideforeverythingonearthamonghumans,animals,insectsand
othercreatures.Yet,howcanweexplainthefaminesthatafflictsomeAfricancountries?

A : TheAyah(Qur'anicverse)isinterpretedaccordingtoitsliteralmeaningandallthedisastersandfamine
Allahhasdecreedwillnotdecreaseorrestrictanyone'sprovision.Infact,anyoneforwhomAllahhas
decreedalongerlifeorcertainprovisionwillreceiveitthroughvariouswaysthattheymayormaynot
know.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)states: AndwhosoeverfearsAllhandkeepshisdutytoHim,Hewillmakeawayforhimto
getout(fromeverydifficulty). AndHewillprovidehimfrom(sources)henevercouldimagine. Allahalsostates: Andsomany
amoving(living)creaturecarriesnotitsownprovision!Allhprovidesforitandforyou. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
stated, "Nonediesbeforehavingtheirprovisionandageinfull."

Furthermore,apersonmaybestrickenbypovertyandscarcityofprovisionforreasonsrelatedtotheirdeeds
suchasnegligence,failingtofulfilltheirrole,orforcommittingprohibitedsins.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)
states: Whateverofgoodreachesyou,isfromAllh,butwhateverofevilbefallsyou,isfromyourself. He(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)alsostates: Andwhateverofmisfortunebefallsyou,itisbecauseofwhatyourhandshaveearned.AndHe
pardonsmuch.(SeetheQurnVerse35:45). ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
stated, "Truly,aservantisdeprivedofprovisionforasintheycommit." (RelatedbyImamAhmad,AlNasa'iy,andIbn
MajahwithagoodSanadchainofnarrators)

Aservantmayalsobeafflictedwithpoverty,adisease,orotherhardshipstotesttheirgratefulnessand
patience.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)states: Andcertainly,Weshalltestyouwithsomethingoffear,hunger,lossofwealth,lives
andfruits,butgivegladtidingstoAsSbirn(thepatient). Who,whenafflictedwithcalamity,say:"Truly!ToAllhwebelongand
truly,toHimweshallreturn."

(PartNo:6,PageNo:197)

AndAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)states: AndWetriedthemwithgood(blessings)andevil(calamities)inorderthat
theymightturn(toAllhsObedience). GoodandevilintheAyahrefertoblessingsandcalamities.TheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)stated, "Amazingarethemattersrelatingtothebeliever!Allmattersrelatingtohimaregood.Whenhe
receivessomethinghedislikesandispatient,thisisgoodforhimandifhereceivessomethinghelikesandpraisesAllah,thisisgood
forhim.Thisdoesnotapplytoeveryone,onlythebelievers." (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahihBookofauthenticHadith).

TherearemanyAyahsandHadithtothesameeffect.AllahistheGrantorofsuccess.

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Peopleofthecaveandthosetrappedinthecave

(PartNo:6,PageNo:198)

Q:WereceivedthisquestionfromR.A.fromPortSudan,whoasks:Whatisthecorrectopinion
regardingthenumberofthePeopleofthecave?Aretheythepeopletrappedinthecavebya
rockordifferentpeople?Iftheyaredifferentpeople,whatisthestoryofthosetrappedinthe
cave?

A : Allah(ExaltedbeHe)talksaboutthePeopleofthecaveintheQur'an.Themost
preponderantandacceptableopinionofscholarsisthattheyweresevenandtheirdogwas
theireighth.ThePeopleofthecaveweresomebelievingmen.Theywereyoungmenwho
believedintheirLord,andAllahincreasedtheminguidance.Later,whenAllah(Exaltedbe
He)madethemwakeupaftertheirlongsleep,Hetooktheirlivesagainwhileadheringtothe
TruthfulReligion.Thus,thePeopleofthecaveasAllahmentionsthemintheQur'anwere
someyoungmenwhobelievedintheirLord,andAllahincreasedtheminguidance.Theyhada
longsleepwiththeWillofAllah,andafterwakingup,theydiedagain.Someinfluential
peopleamongprincesandrulersbuiltaMasjid(mosque)overtheirgraves,whichwaswrong,
asitisnotpermissibletobuildMajidsoverthegraves.TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeupon
him)forbadeitandcursedthosewhodoitsaying, "AllahcursedtheJewsandtheChristianstheymadethe
gravesoftheirprophetsplacesofworship. He(peacebeuponhim)alsowarnedpeopleagainstbuilding
overgraves,plasteringthemandbuildingMasjidsoverthem.TheProphet(peacebeupon
him)forbadethesepracticesandcursedthosewhodothem.

Hence,itisnotpermissibleforMuslimstobuildMasjids,domesoranythingoverthegraves.
Rather,thegraveyardshouldbeanuncoveredplainthatisnotraisedabovethegroundwith
nobuildingsonit,notadome,aMasjidoranything.ThisishowthegravesofMuslimslooked
likeduringthelifetimeoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andtheRightlyGuidedCaliphs
untilthepeoplestartedtochangeandbuildoverthem.Suchpracticedenotesignoranceand
misguidanceandisawayleadingtoShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityor
worship).TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, AllahcursedtheJewsandtheChristianstheymadethe
gravesoftheirprophetsplacesofworship.`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)said,"Heiswarningagainstwhattheyhave
done." He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid WhenUmHabibahandUmSalamahtoldhimthatinAbyssinia(Ethiopia)
thereweremanychurchesthathadpicturesinthem,"Whenapiouspersonamongthemdiedtheybuilt

(PartNo:6,PageNo:199)

aplaceofworshiponhisgrave,andthendecorateditwiththosepictures."Headded,"TheywillbetheworstofcreationontheDay
ofJudgmentinthesightofAllah." (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim)TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidtheyaretheworst
ofcreationduetotheirbuildingoverthegravesandtakingthemasplacesofworship.MayAllahprotectus!

ItisrelatedontheauthorityofJundubibn`AbdullahAlBajaly(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
s a i d , "AllahhastakenmeasHisKhalil(friend),ashetookIbrahimasHisKhalil.IfIamtotakeanyoneofmynationasafriend,I
wouldtakeAbuBakrasaKhalil.Thosewhowerebeforeyouusedtotakethegravesoftheirprophetsandrighteousmenasplacesof
worship,soyoushouldnottakegravesasplacesofworshipIforbidyoutodothat." (RelatedbyMusliminhis"Sahih"Bookof
authenticHadith)InthisimportantHadith,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)forbadetakinggravesasplacesofworshipandwarned
againstit.HeshoweditwasthepracticeofthosebeforeuswhoincurredAllah'sAngerandthosewhowentastray.Itisadispraised
act,asitleadstoShirkandexceedstheproperlimitsinrelationtoprophetsandrighteousmen.Therefore,itisnotpermissiblefor
Muslimstobuilddomesorplacesofworshipoverthegravesoftheirdead,forthisactisMunkar(unacceptableordisapprovedofby
IslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)andleadstoShirk.

Consequently,itisnotpermissibletoplaster,buildover,andsitonthegraves.ItisrelatedinMuslimontheauthorityofJabir(may
Allahbepleasedwithhim)whonarratedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)forbadethesepractices.InotherHadith,he(peacebe
uponhim)forbadewritingongravesandlightingthem.ThereasonbehindtheseprohibitionsistoblockthemeansleadingtoShirk
andtoblockthewayofexceedingtheproperlimits.Moreover,sittingonthegravesisaninsulttotheirinhabitants.ItisAllahAlone
Whosehelpcanbesought.

ThepeoplewhoweretrappedinthecavewerementionedintheHadithrelatedby`Abdullahibn`Umar(mayAllahbepleasedwith
him)whonarratedthatheheardtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)saying, "Threemenfromamongthosewhowere
beforeyousetoutuntiltheyreachedacaveandenteredit,hopingtospendthenightthere.Arockrolleddownthemountainand
blockedthemouthofthecave.Theysaid(toeachother),'NothingwillsaveyoufromthisrockbuttoinvokeAllahbyvirtueofyour
gooddeeds.'Oneofthemsaid,'OAllah!IhadoldparentsandIneverprovidedmyfamily(wife,childrenetc.)withmilkbeforethem.
Oneday,IwasdelayedduetosomethingIwasdoingandIreturnedlatetofindtheyhadslept.Imilkedthesheepforthembutthey
weresleeping.Ihatedtoprovidemyfamilywiththemilkbeforethem.Istoodwiththebowlofmilkinmyhandwaitingforthemto
wakeupuntilitwasdawn.Then,theygotupanddrankthemilk.OAllah!IfIdidthatonlyforYourSake,relieveusfromthishardship
causedbythisrock.'So,therockshiftedalittlebitbutnotenoughtoallowthemtogetout."

(PartNo:6,PageNo:200)

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)added,"Thesecondmansaid,'OAllah!Ihadacousinwhowasthedearestofallpeopletomeand
Iwantedtohavesexualrelationswithherbutsherefused.Later,shehadahardtimeinafamineyearandshecametome.Igave
her120Dinarsontheconditionthatshewouldnotresistmydesire,andsheagreed.WhenIwasabouttofulfillmydesire,shesaid:
"Itisnotlawfulforyoutooutragemychastityexceptbylegitimatemarriage."Iwasashamedtohavesexualintercoursewithherand
leftherthoughshewasthedearestofallthepeopletome.IalsoleftherthegoldIhadgivenher.OAllah!IfIdidthatonlyforYour www.ircpk.com
Sake,relieveusfromthishardship.'So,therockshiftedalittlebitbutnotenoughtoallowthemtogetout."TheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)added,"Thenthethirdmansaid,'OAllah!IemployedsomelaborersandIpaidthemtheirwagesexceptonemanwhodid
nottakehiswagesandhewentaway.Iinvestedhiswagesanditbecameverylarge.(Thenaftersometime,)hecameandsaidto
me:"OservantofAllah!Paymemywages."Isaidtohim:"Allthecamels,cows,sheepandslavesyouseeareyours."Hesaid:"O
servantofAllah!Donotmockme."Isaid:"Iamnotmockingyou."So,hetooktheherdanddroveitaway,leavingnothing.OAllah!If
IdidthatonlyforYourSake,relieveusfromourhardship.'So,therockshiftedandtheygotout."

ThisHadithgivesusalessonandshowsthatAllahisPowerfulovereverything.He(GlorifiedbeHe)afflictsHisservantsintimesof
welfareandtimesofhardship,ingoodandbadtimestotesttheirpatienceandgratefulnessandtoshowthemHisSignsandPower.
ThisisHadithSahih(authenticHadith)relatedbyMuslimandAlBukhariintheirSahihontheauthorityofIbn`Umar(mayAllahbe
pleasedwiththemboth)whonarrateditfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim).TheHadithpresentsimportantlessonsandteaches
ustoinvokeAllahandaskHimattimesofadversityandhardship.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)isEverNearandResponsive.Hehearsthose
whocallonHimandrespondsifHewills.Moreover,theHadithprovesthatdoinggooddeedsisawayoffacilitatingmatters,warding
offharmandrelievinghardships.Itshowsthatwhenabelieverisindistress,theymustinvokeAllah,turntoHim,askHimandmake
Tawassul(supplicatingtoAllah)byvirtueoftheirgooddeedssuchasthebeliefinAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger,His
Unification,sinceritytoHim,beingdutifultoparents,renderingbacktrusts,andabstainingfromcommittingimmoralacts.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:201)

ThesearethelawfulmeansandAllah(ExaltedbeHe)outofHisBountyandKindnessanswerstheinvocationofthedistressed,shows
mercytoHisbelievingservants,andrespondstotheirsupplications.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: AndwhenMyslavesaskyou(O
Muhammad)concerningMe,then(answerthem),Iamindeednear(tothembyMyKnowledge).Irespondtothe
invocationsofthesupplicantwhenhecallsonMe(withoutanymediatororintercessor).SoletthemobeyMeandbelieveinMe,so
thattheymaybeledaright. Healsosays: InvokeMe,[i.e.believeinMyOneness(IslmicMonotheism)andaskMeforanything]I
willrespondtoyour(invocation). AndHe(GlorifiedbeHe)says: IsnotHe(betterthanyourgods)Whorespondstothedistressed
one,whenhecallsonHim,andWhoremovestheevil

Thosethreemenweredistressedsinceagreatafflictionhadbefallenthem.TheysupplicatedtoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)byvirtueoftheir
gooddeedsandHerespondedtotheirsupplicationsandremovedtheirhardship.Further,welearnfromtheHadiththeexcellenceof
beingdutifultoparents,asitisoneofthebestactsapersoncandotodrawnearertoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andfacilitatematters.
Similarly,abstainingfromcommittingZina(premaritalsexualintercourseand/oradultery)andwarningothersagainstitisamongthe
gooddeedsthatsaveMuslimsfromeveryharm.Inaddition,renderingbacktrustsandsincerityindoingsoareamongthereasonsfor
removinghardshipandareamongtherighteousdeeds.Duetothegreatimportanceofthisaccount,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)
narratedittohisnationtobenefitfromitandlearngooddeedsfromthosewhowerebeforethem.ItisAllahAloneWhosehelpcan
besought.

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:202)

AsuggestionaboutreducingthesyllabusoftheQur'an

Q:YourEminenceShaykh`Abdul`Azizbin`AbdullahibnBaz(mayAllahprotecthim)

A ssalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbe
uponyou!)

WesubmittoyourEminenceasuggestionaboutreducingtheamountofQur'antobe
memorizedinUmmAlQuraUniversity.Thisdoesnotmeanthatwedislikememorizingthe
Qur'anbuttherearetworeasonsforthissuggestion:

First,itwasreportedontheauthorityofAbuMusa(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thatthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)said: KeeprefreshingyourknowledgeoftheQur'an,forIswearbyHiminWhoseHand
isthelifeofMahammadthatitismoreliabletoescape(beforgotten)thancamelswhicharehobbled. (AgreeduponbyAl
BukhariandMuslim)Thegreatertheamounttobememorized,theeasierthestudentwill
forgetitduetothehardconditionsoflifethatmakehimreviewonlypartofthesyllabus.In
fact,aMuslimiskeentosavehimselffromthepunishmentthatAllahassignedtothosewho
memorizeAyahs(Qur'anicverse)andforgetthem.

Second,Muslimsareburdenedwithtroublesoflifeanditsimmenseexpenses,andto
memorizetheQur'antheyneedpeaceofmindthatcanhardlybefoundwiththesetroubles
andexpenses.

Therefore,wewouldlikeyourEminencetohelpyourstudentsandfulfilltheirdesiretoreduce
theamountoftheQur'anrequiredtobememorizedtotwoJuz'(a30thoftheQur'an)and
replacethelasttwohourswiththesubjectofUsululFiqh(principlesofIslamicjurisprudence)
orSirah(theProphet).MayAllahrewardyouwiththebest!

WeimploreAllahtoprotectyouandblessyourlifetime.

A:Wa`alaykumAssalamuwarahmatullahwabarakatuh:

WeappreciateyourconcernabouttheBookofAllah,butwedonotagreewithyouonyoursuggestion.We
wishthatplansoftheUniversityaregoodandblessedandthattheybringgoodresultsInshaaAllah(if
Allahwills).

(PartNo:6,PageNo:203)

ThepunishmentyoumentionedisnotassignedtoapersonwhoforgetstheAyahsrather,itisassignedtoa
personwhonolongerappliesoractsupontheQur'an.EveryMuslimmayforgetsomepartsoftheQur'an
thathememorized,eventheProphet(peacebeuponhim).InsomeHadiths,theProphet(peacebeupon
him)said: MayAllahshowmercytosoandsohehasremindedmeofsuchandsuchaversewhichIhadforgotten. He(peace
beuponhim)alsosaid: Iamahumanbeinglikeyouandliabletoforgetlikeyou. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
forgotseveraltimesduringSalah(prayer).

MayAllahguideusalltodowhatpleasesHim!Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh

Chairmanof

theDepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,Ifta',Daw`ahandGuidance

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:204)

Dosupplicationandcharityguardmanagainstpredestination?

F r o m`Abdul`Azizbin`AbdullahibnBaztothehonoredson,hisroyalhighnesstheprince`Abdul`AzizbinFahdbin
`Abdul`Aziz(mayAllahguidehimtoallgoodness)

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

Ihavereceivedyourletterdated24/8/1411A.H.andthequestionsincluded.Herearethequestionsand
theiranswers:

Q1:DosupplicationandSadaqah(voluntarycharity)repeltheDivineDecreeand
Predestination?

A:PredestinationthatAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)decidedwilldefinitelycometopass.Allah(mayHe
bePraised)says: NocalamitybefallsontheearthorinyourselvesbutitisinscribedintheBookofDecrees(AlLauhAlMahfz)
beforeWebringitintoexistence.Verily,thatiseasyforAllh. He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Knowyounotthat
Allhknowsallthatisintheheavenandontheearth?Verily,itis(all)intheBook(AlLauhalMahfz).VerilythatiseasyforAllh.
He(mayHebePraised)alsosays: Verily,WehavecreatedallthingswithQadar(DivinePreordainmentsofallthingsbefore
theircreationaswrittenintheBookofDecreesAlLauhAlMahfz).

ItisauthenticallynarratedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidtoGabriel(peacebeuponhim)when
heaskedaboutIman(Faith): Iman(faith)impliesthatyouaffirmyourfaithinAllah,inHisangels,inHisBooks,inHis
Prophets,intheDayofJudgment,andyouaffirmyourfaithintheDivineDecreewhethergoodorbad. TheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)alsosaid: Allahhadordainedthemeasures(ofquality)ofthecreationfiftythousandyearsbeforeHecreatedthe
heavensandtheearth. Hethenadded, andHisThronewasuponthewater. RelatedbyImamMusliminhisSahih
(authentic)bookofHadith.TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: Everything
isdecreedevenincapabilityandability RelatedbyMuslim.

TherearemanyAyahs(Qur'anicverses)andHadithstothiseffect.Actionsarecontingentontheircausesas
wasauthenticallyreportedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim),saying: Amanisdeprivedofprovisionforasin
hecommits.Onlykindnessprolongslifeandonlysupplicationavertsthedecree. Itmeansthatsupplicationavertsonlythe
Predestination,whichiscontingentonsupplication.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:205)

Also,he(peacebeuponhim)said: Whoeverispleasedthathebegrantedmorewealthandthathistermoflifebe
prolonged,thenheshouldkeepgoodrelationswithhisKithandkin.

PredestinationisavertedbyotherpredestinationsthatAllah(mayHebePraised)decidedtocounter,andthe
predestinationswhoseoccurrenceiscontingentontheexistenceofthings,suchasdutifulnesstoparents,
maintainingkinshiptiesandcharity,coexistwiththem.AllthesearesubjecttothegenericPredestination
mentionedinAllah'ssaying: Verily,WehavecreatedallthingswithQadar(DivinePreordainmentsofallthingsbeforetheir
creationaswrittenintheBookofDecreesAlLauhAlMahfz). andtheProphet'ssaying: andbelieveintheDivineDecree,
whethergoodorbad. ExamplesofthistypemaybefoundinthesayingoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim):
Charityextinguishes(i.e.,removes)thesinsaswaterextinguishesfire. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid:
HiddencharityextinguishesthewrathofAllahandsavesfromanevildeath. AllAyahsandHadithsquotedinthisregard
callaMuslimtobelievethathewillneverbeafflictedwithanythingexceptwhatAllahdecreedforhimand
thatwhateverafflictshimcanneverescapehimandwhateverescapeshimcannotafflicthim.Theyalsourge
himtohastentodogooddeedsandjoinothersinactsofworship.AMuslimshouldbekeentoventure
meansofgoodnessandavoidmeansofevil,askingAllahtoguideandhelpthemdowhatpleasesHimand
avoideveryevil.

ItisnarratedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.,AlBukhariandMuslim)that: Oneday,the
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)saidtohisCompanions:"Thereisnoneamongyoubuthasaplaceassignedforhimeitherinthe
ParadiseorinHell.''TheCompanionssaid:"OMessengerofAllah,shouldwenotdependuponwhathasbeenwrittenforus(andgive
updoinggooddeeds)?''TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said,"Carryondoinggooddeeds.Everyonewillfinditeasyto
dosuchdeeds(aswillleadhimtohisdestinedplace)forwhichhehasbeencreated.PeopleofParadisewillfinditeasytododeeds
ofthepeopleofParadise,andPeopleofHellwillfinditeasytododeedsofthepeopleofHell.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)then
recitedAllah'ssaying: Asforhimwhogives(incharity)andkeepshisdutytoAllhandfearsHim, AndbelievesinAlHusn. We
willmakesmoothforhimthepathofease(goodness). Buthewhoisgreedymiserandthinkshimselfselfsufficient. Andbelies
A lHusn(SeethefootnoteoftheVerseNo.6) Wewillmakesmoothforhimthepathforevil. AllahistheSourceof
Success.


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MaintainingtheIslamicHeritage

AllpraiseisduetoAllah.MaypeaceandblessingsofAllahbeuponHisMessenger,hisfamily,his
Companions,andthosewhofollowedhispathandguidanceuntiltheDayofResurrection.

Toproceed:

IthankAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)forarrangingthismeetingwithmybrothersinIslamandnoble
sonsinUmmAlQuraUniversityinthevicinityof A lBaytAl`Atiqwhereweexchangeadvice,enjoinone
anothertothetruthandremindoneanotherofwhatbenefitsusInshaaAllah(ifAllahwills).Weimplore
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),toblessourmeeting,purifyourheartsandcorrectourdeeds.Weask
HimtograntusunderstandingofIslamandmakeusfirmonit.WeseekrefugewithAllahfromtheevilof
oursoulsandbaddeeds,andweaskhimtosupportIslam,makeHisWordreignsupremeandguideall
MuslimrulerstodowhatbenefitshumanityandtheEarth.Allahisthebestonetobeaskedforthat.

Also,IthankthoseinchargeoftheaffairsofUmmAlQuraUniversity,mainly,thehonorablebrother,his
Excellency,thedirectoroftheUniversity,Dr.RashidAlRajihforinvitingmetothismeeting.IimploreAllahto
blesstheireffortsandhelpthemdoallgoodness.MayAllahbenefitpeopleandcountriesthroughthemand
facilitateallgoodness,guidanceandreformforthisUniversityattheirhands!

BrothersinIslam,honorablesonsandlisteners:

Thetodaytopic,asannounced,willbeabout"MaintainingtheIslamicHeritage".TheIslamicheritageis
undoubtedlyaveryimportantmatterandcaringforitisadutyofallMuslims,mainly,theBookofAllahand
theSunnahofHisMessengerMuhammad(peacebeuponhim).TheQur'anandSunnaharetherichest,best
andmostbeneficialheritage,whichconstitutethebasicsourcesofIslamanditsessence.Theyaretheestate
thatourProphetMuhammadibnAbdullah(peacebeuponhim)leftforus.AllahtheAlmightysays:

(PartNo:6,PageNo:207)

ThenWegavetheBook(theQurn)asinheritancetosuchofOurslaveswhomWechose(thefollowersofMuhammad
ThenobleMessengerMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)isthetopofthosewhomAllahchose,
).
then,hisnobleCompanions,andthenthosewhofollowedtheminthebestway,mayAllahmakeuspartof
them!

TheBookofAllahcontainsguidanceandlight.Itisthegreatest,best,andtruestheritagethatincludes
guidanceandlightguidancetoallgoodnessandwarningagainstallevilguidancetohighmoralsandgood
deedsandwarningsagainstevilmoralsandevildeeds.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)describedHis
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)inSurah(Qur'anicChapter)AlQalam,saying: AndVerily,you(OMuhammad
)areonanexalted(standardof)character. AllahdescribedHisProphetthatheison anexalted(standard
of)character. Thisexaltedstandardofcharacterwassummarizedby`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)
saying: ThecharacteroftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)wastheQur'an. ThecharacteroftheProphet(peacebeupon
him)isapracticalimplementationoftheQur'an.Inotherwords,hecarriesoutitsorders,avoidsits
prohibitions,callstoitsteachings,adoptsthequalitiesitpraisedandstaysawayfromthequalitiesit
dispraised.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)hadsuchagreatcharacterintermsofcarryingouttheorders
ofAllah,avoidingHisprohibitionsandcallingtoHisway.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)wasashining
rolemodelinadoptinghighmorals,righteousdeeds,andgoodqualities.Hewasthebestofpeoplethe
mostperfectinknowledge,conduct,characterthemosttruthfulandthebestinactions.Hecallstowhatthe
Qur'ancallsfor,asAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Verily,thisQurnguidestothatwhichismostjustandright

Allah(mayHebePraised)says: Say:Itisforthosewhobelieve,aguideandahealing." Allahalsosays: AndWehave


sentdowntoyoutheBook(theQuran)asanexpositionofeverything,aguidance,amercy TheQur'anisanexpositionof
everythinginwhichAllahexplainedeverythinggenerallyandindetails.AllahmadetheQur'anaguideanda
curethathealsdiseasesoftheheart,suchasShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship),
Kufr(disbelief),envy,arroganceandhypocrisy.Italsocuresmanydiseasesofthebodiesthat

(PartNo:6,PageNo:208)

physiciansfailtotreat.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Omankind!Therehascometoyouagoodadvice
fromyourLord(i.e.theQurn,enjoiningallthatisgoodandforbiddingallthatisevil),andahealingforthat(diseaseofignorance,
doubt,hypocrisyanddifferences)whichisinyourbreasts,aguidanceandamercy(explaininglawfulandunlawfulthings)forthe
believers. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndWesenddownoftheQurnthatwhichisahealingandamercy
tothosewhobelieve(inIslmicMonotheismandactonit),anditincreasestheZlimn(polytheistsandwrongdoers)nothingbut
loss.

Thus,MuslimsmustcareforthismagnificentBookbycommittingittomemory,studyingit,reflectingonits
meaningsandconveyingitsutterancesandmessagetopeopleperfectly,sinceitcontainsguidancetoall www.ircpk.com
goodnessandlight,callstoallthatbenefitspeopleandcountriesandwarnsagainstallevil.Therefore,the
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)enjoinedMuslimstocareabouttheQur'anintheKhutbah(sermon)he
deliveredintheFarewellHajj.ItisrelatedbyMusliminhisSahih(authentic)BookofHadith,ontheauthorityof
Jabir(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim),thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)deliveredaKhutbahontheday
o f`Arafah,saying: Ihaveleftamongyousomething,whichifyouholdfasttoit,youwouldnevergoastray,thatistheBookof
Allah. InthenarrationofAlHakimandothers,hesaid: Allah'sbookandmySunnah

HoldingfasttotheBookofAllahandtheSunnahofHisMessengeristheonlywaytosalvationandthe
straightPath.Thus,MuslimsaswellaseveryMukallaf(personmeetingtheconditionstobeheldlegally
accountablefortheiractions)mustembraceIslamandadheretoitsteachings.Theymustholdfasttothe
GloriousQur'anandthepurifiedSunnah.ThisisanobligationonallMukallafs,includingjinnandhumans,
ArabsandnonArabs,malesandfemales,richandpoor,andrulersandsubjectsallmustenterthereligion
ofAllah,i.e.,Islam.Allah(mayHebePraised)says: Omankind!WorshipyourLord(Allh) Omankind!Bedutifulto
yourLord AllahenjoinedthemtoembraceIslamandholdfasttoHisBooki.e.theQur'anandtheauthentic
SunnahoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim),andforbadethemtostrayfromthat.

ItisobligatoryontheJews,Christians,allpolytheists,andallvariouscategoriesofdisbelieverstoenter
Islamandabidebyit.Thisistheheritage

(PartNo:6,PageNo:209)

thatbringsabouttheirhappiness,iftheyunderstanditwell.Muslims,however,whomAllahfavoredwith
IslamshouldpraiseAllahandthankHimforthisfavor.Theyshouldconstantlyobservetheteachingsof
Islam,preservetheirrichheritage,andenjoinoneanothertoitthroughcontemplation,thinkingandacting
uponit.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: (Thisis)aBook(theQurn)whichWehavesentdowntoyou,fullof
blessings,thattheymayponderoveritsVerses,andthatmenofunderstandingmayremember.

Allah(mayHebePraised)says: DotheynotthenthinkdeeplyintheQurn,oraretheirheartslockedup(fromunderstanding
it)? Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndthisisablessedBook(theQurn)whichWehavesentdown,sofollowit
andfearAllh(i.e.donotdisobeyHisOrders),thatyoumayreceivemercy(i.e.besavedfromthetormentofHell). Itis
obligatoryonallMukallafstoembraceIslam,adheretoitsteachings,submittothecommandsofAllah,and
stayawayfromHisprohibitions.TheyshouldabidebythetenetsoftheQur'an,believeinitandapplyit
alongwiththeSunnahoftheMessenger,whichisconsideredthesecondrevelation.

Thisisthegreatestheritageandhumanitywillneverfindsalvationorhappinessexceptthroughpreserving
andcomprehendingthisheritage,constantlyobservingit,andcallingtostudyingandactinguponitasa
creed,andacceptingitasaconductandwayoflife.

TheBookofAllahcontainsguidanceandlightandtheSunnahofHisMessengermayexplainitsobscure
meaningsorinitiatenewrulingsnotmentionedintheQur'anordetailsofrulingsleftgeneralintheQur'an.
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: AndWehavealsosentdownuntoyou(OMuhammad)theDhikr[reminder
andtheadvice(i.e.theQurn)],thatyoumayexplainclearlytomenwhatissentdowntothem,andthattheymaygivethought.
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndWehavenotsentdowntheBook(theQuran)toyou(OMuhammad
),exceptthatyoumayexplainclearlyuntothemthosethingsinwhichtheydiffer,and(as)aguidanceandamercyfora
folkwhobelieve.

AllahrevealedtheQur'antotheProphet(peacebeuponhim)asanexpositionofeverythingandordered
himtoexplaintopeoplewhatmightbeambiguousorwhattheymightdifferabouttorealizethetruthand
stayonguidance.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)clearlyconveyedthemessage,fulfilledthetrust,and
advisedtheUmmah.Onthedayof`Arafah,hegavethemaKhutbahandexplainedtothemtheobligatory
actsofHajjandotherissuesthatconcernedthem,aswellasMuslimsingeneral,regarding

(PartNo:6,PageNo:210)

riba(usury/interest),corruptedpracticesofthepreIslamicera,andthesanctityofman'sblood,property
andhonor.Healsostressedsomemattersrelatedtowomen,enjoinedkindnesstothem,andpointedout
thereciprocaldutiesonthespouses.HefinallyenjoinedthemtocareabouttheQur'an,andafterallthathe
said: Youaregoingtobeaskedaboutme,sowhatshallyousay?Theysaid,"Wetestifythatyouhaveadvisedus,performed,and
conveyedthemassage.Then,He(peacebeuponhim)raisedhisfingertotheskyandsaid,"OAllah!Bearwitnesstothis.OAllah!
Bearwitnesstothis." HecalledAllahWhoisAbovethe`Arsh(AllahsThrone)andAboveallthecreationasa
witnesstothem.Additionally,everyscholarandeveryMuslimwhoknowsaboutIslamtestifiesthatthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)conveyedthemessageveryclearlyandfulfilledthetrust.

Therefore,allMuslims,seekersofknowledgeandscholarsshouldveneratesuchheritage,endearittopeople
andremindthemofit.Theyshouldencouragethemtoholdfasttoitandputitintoactioninseparablyalong
withtheProphet'sSunnah,whichisthesecondrevelationthatexpoundstheBookofAllahandsetsother
rulesthatAllahrevealedtohisProphet(peacebeuponhim).

TheQur'anandSunnahconstitutethegreatestandmostimportantheritage,sowemustcareforthemand
enjoinoneanothertoholdfasttoitinsayings,actionsandbeliefsecretlyandinpublicduringdifficultand
easytimesinhealthandinsickness,andintravelandstayinghome.Thisobligationappliesequallyto
malesandfemales,ArabsandnonArabs,jinnandhumans,rulersandsubjects,therichandthepoor.They
allhavetoimplementtherulingsoftheQur'anandSunnahoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim).They
shouldpreservethisheritageinamannerthatguaranteesthemactinguponit,enjoiningoneanothertoit,
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andcallingpeopletobesteadfastonit,conveyingittothewholeworldviaallvisual,audible,andprintable
media.

Allah(mayHebePraised)says: Andwhoisbetterinspeechthanhewho[says:"MyLordisAllh(believesinHisOneness),"
andthenstandsfirm(actsuponHisOrder),and]invites(men)toAllhs(IslmicMonotheism),anddoesrighteousdeeds,andsays:"I
amoneoftheMuslims." Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Invite(mankind,OMuhammad)to
theWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewiththem
inawaythatisbetter.

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He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Say(OMuhammad):"ThisismywayIinviteuntoAllh
(i.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)withsureknowledge,Iandwhosoeverfollowsme(alsomustinviteotherstoAllh
i.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheismwithsureknowledge). InaSahih(authentic)Hadith,theProphet(peace
beuponhim)said: Onewhoguidestosomethinggoodhasarewardsimilartothatofitsdoer. Hesaid: "Ifanyonecalls
otherstofollowrightguidance,hisrewardwillbeequivalenttothosewhofollowhim(inrighteousness)withouttheirrewardbeing
diminishedinanyrespect,andifanyoneinvitesotherstofollowerror,hissinwillbeequivalenttothatofthepeoplewhofollowhim
(insinfulness)withouttheirsinsbeingdiminishedinanyrespect". WhentheProphet(peacebeuponhim)sent`Alito
Khaybarandorderedhimtocallitspeoplei.e.theJews,toIslam,hesaid: ByAllah,ifAllahguidesarightevenone
manthroughyouthatisbetterforyouthantopossessthemostvaluableofthecamels. (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariand
Muslim)

LifeoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim),hissayings,actionsandtacitapprovalsbelongtotheIslamic
heritageandpartsoftheSunnah.Thus,wemustcareforthebooksofSunnah,whicharethegreatestpart
ofthisheritage.

Muslims,particularlyscholars,rulersandseekersofknowledgemustcareforandexplaintheSunnahthat
wasnarratedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)includinghissayings,actions,tacitapprovals,battles
andothers.Similarly,theyshouldexplaintheIslamicbooksdealingwiththeinterpretationofthemeaningof
theQur'anandHadiths,lifeandbattlesoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim),suchastheTwoSahih
(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim),theFourCompilationsofHadith(AbuDawud,Al
Tirmidhy,AlNasa'yandIbnMajah),Muwatta'ofMalik,Musnad(Hadithcompilation)ofAhmadandtherestof
theHadithbooks.Allthesebookscreatethegreatest,thebestandthemostsignificantheritage,nexttothe
Qur'an,thatpreservedandtransmittedtheSunnahthatactsasasecondrevelation.Muslimsmustcareabout
it,itsbasicsourcesandauthenticmanuscriptsbecausetheyarereferencestowhichwerefer,whentheyare
needed,andindisputes.

ThegreatestformofcaringabouttheIslamicheritagerequirescaringaboutmanuscriptsofHadith,Tafsir
(explanation/exegesisofthemeaningsoftheQur'an),andFiqh(Islamicjurisprudence)whicharewrittenby
theprominentMuslimImamswhoareauthoritativeandwhoseopinionsarerecognized.Thisisagreatform
ofcaringfortheIslamicheritage.SimilarcareshouldbegiventothebooksofArabiclanguageandsyntax,
booksofIslamichistoryandthebiographyoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim),theyshouldbecompiled
purelyandshouldbefreeofdistortionandlies.Muslimscholarswereconcernedaboutthisanddisclosed
whatcertain

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liarsinsertedintotheHadithsoftheProphetandthefalseandunfoundedbooksthatthefalsifierswrote.

Weshouldfollowinthefootstepsofourscholarsbycaringforthisgreatheritageanddistinguishingthe
truthfromfalsehoodandwhatiscorrectfromwhatisincorrect.Letuspayattentiontothesoundand
beneficialbooksofHadith,Tafsir,IslamicFiqh,Arabicgrammar,eventhebooksthatbenefitMuslimsintheir
worldlymattersandarewrittenbytrustworthyscholarswhohavedeepinsightabouttheiraffairs.Thisis
becausepeopleneedtoknowtheaffairsoftheirlifethathelpthemobeyAllah,contributetothewellbeingof
MuslimsandhelpthempreserveIslam,theQur'an,andtheSunnahoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim).It
isimportantforMuslimstocareforbooksdealingwithworldlymatters,sincetheyenablethemtomake
preparationsagainsttheenemiesandareconsideredpartoftheIslamicheritagethatmustbepreservedand
caredfor.Allah(mayHebePraised)says: Andmakereadyagainstthemallyoucanofpower

MuslimsshouldcareforthebooksdiscussingtheworldlyaffairsandthatwerewrittenbytheearlyMuslim
scholarsornonMuslimscholarsontheconditionthattheyprovetobenefitMuslimsandhelpthembeready
fortheirenemiesintermsofpower,contributiontoreligiousmattersandstrengtheningtheirsoldiersto
makeJihadagainsttheirenemies.CaringfortheIslamicheritageinvolvescaringaboutthemoralsofthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim),biographyofhisCompanionsandthelifeofthescholarsinordertoimitate
themingoodness.Infact,knowledgeisacquiredforthepurposeofwork,soweshouldcareforthelifeof
theSalaf(righteouspredecessors)withtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)beingforemost,inhismorals,life,
QiyamulLayl(standingforoptionalPrayeratnight),Salah,etc.Weshouldbeconcernedwiththebiography
ofhisCompanions,theirgooddeeds,battles,Jihad,wayoflearningandguidanceandhowthey
disseminatedknowledgeandhelditscirclesinMasjids(mosques).Weshouldcarehowscholarswereactive
inthisregardsothatthelatergenerationswillimitateandjointheprecedingonesinrighteousdeeds,
beneficialknowledge,goodrecordoflife,conveyingthetruthandgivingitprecedenceovereverything.
Muslimsshouldcareabouteveryactionattributedtotherighteouspeopleandearlyscholarsandthat
benefitsMuslimsandhelpsthemcarryouttheordersofAllah

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andrespectHisBoundaries.

WeshouldpointoutwhatignorantpeopleandenemiesofIslamascribetoitandprovethatIslamisfreeof
thatandsothatnothingwouldbefalselyattributedtotheIslamicheritage.Forinstance,ignorantpeopleand
polytheistsinnovatedtheprocessofbuildingoverthegravesandraisingMasjidsoverthem.Thisisnot
Islamic.IslamopposesbuildingoverthegravesandraisingMasjidsoverthembecausethisleadstoShirk
(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship).TheJewsandChristiansbuilttheirplacesof
worshipoverthegraves,andmanyignorantpeopleandMubtadi`(onewhointroducesinnovationsin
religion)amongthisUmmahimitatedthemandbuiltMasjidsanddomesoverthem,andaccordinglyShirk
appearedamongthem.Therefore,aMuslimshouldclarifythatthesethingsarenotpartoftheIslamic
heritage,andthattheywereintroducedbyignorantpeopleandcondemnedbyIslam.Birthdaycelebrations
areamongthemattersfalselyintroducedtotheIslamicheritagehowever,theydonotbelongtoitatall
evenifmanyMuslimsholdtheminmanycountriesoutofignorancesometimesoroutofimitationofothers.
BirthdaycelebrationsareamongtheBid`ahsintroducedtoIslamafterthethreebestgenerations.Theydo
notbelongtotheIslamicheritagetheyarepartoftheheritageofBid`ahs.

Similarly,celebrationswithallthemarksthatadvocatesofShirkcallto,whetheritisastone,atree,orthe
likethatignorantpeoplemagnifyorseekblessingsthroughareallagainstIslam.When`Umar(mayAllah
bepleasedwithhim)knewthatsomepeoplevisitandperformSalahatthetreeunderwhichtheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)tookBay`ah(pledgeofallegiance),hefearedforthemandorderedittobecutdown
toblockthemeansleadingtoShirk.Also,whenhegotthenewsofadeadbodyinPersiaattributedto
ProphetDanielandsomeofthenonArabsoverlypraisedit,heorderedhisarmytodigfromthirteento
nineteengraves,then,burythecorpseinoneofthemandlevelthemsothatpeoplewouldnotknowwhere
itwasandnolongeroverpraiseorworshipit.

Exceedingproperlimitsinbuildingoverthegraves,performingSalahthere,consecratingthemandraising
MasjidsoverthemisnotrelatedtotheIslamicheritageitispartoftheheritagethatIslamforbadeand
condemned.Islamwarnedagainstthisheritage,whichisameanstoShirk.Somecountriesmayhaveidols
attributedtoprophetsorinstalledinthenameofIslamitmustbeknownthattheyareincorrectandsinful
andthat

(PartNo:6,PageNo:214)

allprophetsandmessengers(peacebeuponthem)calledtoTawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah/
monotheism)andIslami.e.dedicatingactsofworshiptoAllahAlone.Allofthemdeclaredwaragainst
idolsNuh(Noah)wasthefirstonetodeclarewaronidolsworshippedbesidesAllah.Noah(peacebeupon
him)forbadehispeoplefromandwarnedthemagainstworshippingidolsofWadd,Suwa`,Yaghuthand
NasrwhenShirkoccurredduetoexceedingtheproperlimits.Thismattershouldbesetclear,andthe
seekersofknowledgeandscholarsmustforbidpeopleagainstit,sothatIslamwillnotcontainthingsthat
arenotpartofit.

IslamicheritageshouldbedefinedaswhatisauthenticallystatedintheBookofAllahorreportedofthe
SunnahofHisMessengerincludingwhatAllahordainedforHisSlavesorwhatMuslimscholarsunanimously
agreedupon.ThisisthedefinitionoftheIslamicheritage.ItisnotpermissibletoattributetoIslamactsof
worshipintroducedbytheMubtadi`ahsuchastheclaimedshrinesorthetreesfalselyconsecrated.Itisnot
correcttosaythatthesethingsbelongtotheIslamicheritage,butMuslimsmustindicatethattheyare
Bid`ahsthatmustbeavoided.InanauthenticHadith,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Hewhoinnovates
thingsinouraffairsforwhichthereisnovalid(reason)(commitssin)andthesearetoberejected. (AgreeduponbyAl
BukhariandMuslim)He(peacebeuponhim)said: Hewhodoesanyactforwhichthereisnosanctionfromourbehalf,it
istoberejected. RelatedbyMusliminhisSahihBookofHadith.

Inbrief,theIslamicHeritagesignifiestheguidanceandthetruereligionsenttoourProphet(peacebeupon
him)andthebeneficialbooksandmanuscriptswritteninthisregard.Italsoincludesallthingsweneedand
shoulddotoobeyAllahandprepareagainstHisenemies.

ThingsthatcontradictIslamarenotpartofitandshouldberesistedandavoided.WeshouldwarnMuslims
againstthemaccordingtotheShar`yproofsfromtheQur'an,SunnahandIjma`(consensusofscholars).

IimploreAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)withHisBeautifulNamesandAttributestograntus
understandingofIslamandsteadfastnessonit.WeaskHimtosetrightouraffairsandguideallMuslims
everywheretounderstandIslamandbefirmonit.WeimploreAllahtoappointthebestofMuslimstothem,
correcttheirleaders,andguidetheMuslimrulerstoembarkontheIslamicShari`ahandruleaccordingtoit
anddenouncewhatcontradictsit.Indeed,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)isoftGenerous!

MaythepeaceandblessingsofAllahbeuponHisSlaveandMessengerMuhammad,hisfamily,Companions,
andthosewhofollowedtheminthebestway!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:215)

Importantquestionsandanswers

ClassificationofTawhidintothreecategories

Q:IsthereanyevidenceonclassifyingTawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah/monotheism)
intothreecategories?

A : ClassifyingTawhidintothreecategoriesisbasedoninductionafterscholarsstudiedtherelevanttextsin
theQur'anandSunnah.SomescholarsaddedafourthcategorycallingitTawhidofMutaba`ah(following).
Allthesecategoriesarebasedoninduction.

Certainly,apersonwhocontemplatestheNobleQur'anfindsthatitcontainsAyahs(Qur'anicverses)
commandingdedicatingone'sactsofworshiptoAllahAlone,thisiscalledTawhidulUluhiyyah(Onenessof
Worship).HealsocomesacrossAyahsprovingthatAllahistheCreator,theProviderandtheDisposerofall
affairsthisiscalledTawhidulRububiyyah(OnenessofAllah'sLordship)thattheearlyMushriks(onewho
associatesotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)confirmedbutitdidnotmakethemMuslims.Other
AyahsindicatethatAlltheBeautifulNamesandAttributesbelongtoAllahandthatthereisnothinglikeor
equaluntoHim,thisisTawhidu lAsma'walSifat(OnenessofAllah'sNamesandAttributes),whichthe
Mubtadi`ah(oneswhointroduceinnovationsinreligion)fromamongJahmiyyah(adeviantIslamicsectdenyingsome
AttributesofAllah,claimingtheyareascribedtopeopleandcannotbeascribedtoAllah),Mu`tazilah(adeviantIslamicsectclaiming
thatthosewhocommitmajorsinsareinastatebetweenbeliefanddisbelief),AlMushabbihah(thosewholikenAllahtoHiscreation)
andthosewhofollowedtheirways,denied.

ApersonwhodeeplystudiestheQur'anfindssomeAyahsstatingtheobligationtofollowtheMessengerand
rejectallthatwhichcontradictsit,thisiscalledTawhidAlMutaba`ah.Scholarscreatedthisclassification
throughstudyingandinvestigatingtheAyahsandSunnah.Forinstance,Allah(mayHebePraised)says: You
(Alone)weworship,andYou(Alone)weaskforhelp(foreachandeverything). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says:
Omankind!WorshipyourLord(Allh),WhocreatedyouandthosewhowerebeforeyousothatyoumaybecomeAlMuttaqn(the
piousSeeV.2:2). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndyourIlh(God)isOneIlh(GodAllh),Lilhailla
Huwa(thereisnonewhohastherighttobeworshippedbutHe),theMostGracious,theMostMerciful. Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)says: AllhbearswitnessthatLilhaillaHuwa(nonehastherighttobeworshippedbutHe),andtheangels,
andthosehavingknowledge(alsogivethiswitness)(Healways)maintainsHiscreationinJustice.LilhaillaHuwa(nonehasthe
righttobeworshippedbutHe),theAllMighty,theAllWise. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndI(Allh)created
notthejinnandmankindexceptthattheyshouldworshipMe(Alone). Iseeknotanyprovisionfromthem(i.e.provisionfor
themselvesorforMycreatures)nordoIaskthattheyshouldfeedMe(i.e.feedthemselvesorMycreatures). Verily,Allhisthe
AllProvider,OwnerofPower,theMostStrong. Allah

(PartNo:6,PageNo:216)

(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: IndeedyourLordisAllh,WhocreatedtheheavensandtheearthinSixDays,andthen
Heroseover(Istaw)theThrone(reallyinamannerthatsuitsHisMajesty).Hebringsthenightasacoverovertheday,seekingit
rapidly,and(Hecreated)thesun,themoon,thestarssubjectedtoHisCommand.Surely,HisistheCreationandCommandment.
BlessedisAllh,theLordoftheAlamn(mankind,jinnandallthatexists)! Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Say(O
Muhammad):"Whoprovidesforyoufromtheskyandtheearth?Orwhoownshearingandsight?Andwhobrings
outthelivingfromthedeadandbringsoutthedeadfromtheliving?Andwhodisposestheaffairs?"Theywillsay:"Allh."Say:"Will
younotthenbeafraidofAllhspunishment(forsettinguprivalsinworshipwithAllh)?" Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
says: ThereisnothinglikeHimandHeistheAllHearer,theAllSeer. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Say(O
Muhammad ) : "HeisAllh,(the)One. "AllhusSamad()[AllhtheSelf
SufficientMaster,Whomallcreaturesneed,(Heneithereatsnordrinks)]. "Hebegetsnot,norwasHebegotten. "Andthereis
nonecoequalorcomparableuntoHim." Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Say(OMuhammad
tomankind):"Ifyou(really)loveAllhthenfollowme(i.e.acceptIslmicMonotheism,followtheQurnandtheSunnah),Allhwill
loveyouandforgiveyouyoursins. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Say:"ObeyAllhandobeytheMessenger,but
ifyouturnaway,he(MessengerMuhammad)isonlyresponsibleforthedutyplacedonhim(i.e.toconveyAllhs
Message)andyouforthatplacedonyou.Ifyouobeyhim,youshallbeontherightguidance.TheMessengersdutyisonlytoconvey
(themessage)inaclearway(i.e.topreachinaplainway)." TherearemanyAyahsthatsupportthisclassification.

TheHadithsalsosupportthisdivision.Forexample,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidtoMu`adh(may
Allahbepleasedwithhim)inaHadithagreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim: TherightofAllahoverHisslavesis
thattheyshouldworshipHimandnotassociateanythingwithHim. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Whoeverdies
whilestillinvokingarival(inworship)toAllah,willenterHell(Fire). RelatedbyAlBukhariinhisSahih(authentic)Bookof
Hadith.WhentheangelJibril(Gabriel)askedtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)aboutIslam,hereplied: To
worshipAllahandneverassociateanythingwithHim,performtheobligatoryPrayer,andpaytheprescribedZakah... (Agreed
uponbyAlBukhariandMuslim)TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: "Whoeverobeysme,obeysAllah,and
whoeverdisobeysme,disobeysAllah..." (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim).TheProphet(peacebeupon
him)said: MyentireUmmahwillenterParadiseexceptthosewhorefuse,thenitwassaid:O'MessengerofAllah,whowill
refuse?Hesaid,"WhoeverobeysmewillenterParadise,andwhoeverdisobeysmeistheonewhorefuses" RelatedbyAlBukhari www.ircpk.com
inhisSahihBookofHadith.

TherearemanyHadithstothiseffect.ShaykhulIslam,IbnTaymiyyah(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)said:
"Theword"Ilah(god)"isderivedfromanArabicrootthatsignifiestheoneworthyofworshipand
obedience.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:217)

HeisworthyofworshipduetoHisAttributesthatnecessitatethatHeistobelovedverymuchandfully
submittedto".IbnTaymiyyahadded:"IlahmeansthatthebelovedandworshippedOneWhomheartslove
verymuch,submitto,arehumbleto,fear[Hispunishment],hopefor[Hisreward],turnbacktoinhard
times,supplicatetoindifficulties,relyonintheirinterests,resortto,becomereassuredwithHis
remembranceandfindpeaceinHisloveallthesearededicatedtoAllahAlone.Therefore,"Lailahailla
Allah(thereisnodeitybutAllah)"isthetruestworditspeoplearethepartyofAllahanditsdeniersareHis
enemies,whodeserveHisangerandwrath.Ifapersonsaysthisphrasesincerely,alltheiraffairs,statesand
sensesbecomecorrectotherwise,corruptiondominatesalltheirknowledgeanddeeds.

WeimploreAllahtoguideallMuslims,rulersandsubjects,tounderstandIslam,besteadfastonitand
advisepeopleforHissake.WeimploreAllahtosavethemfromcommittingwhatisagainstthat.Indeed,
AllahistheonlyOneCapableofdoingthat.MaypeaceandblessingsofAllahbeuponourProphet
Muhammad,hisfamilyandCompanions!

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VariousdenotationsofIman,Tawhid,and`Aqidah

Q:DoIman(faith/belief),Tawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah/monotheism),and`Aqidah
(creed)havedifferentdenotations?

A : DenotationsofIman,Tawhid,and`Aqidahhaveslightdifferences,butallofthemshareonebasis.
TawhidreferstodedicatingactsofworshiptoAllahAlone.ImanreferstothebeliefthatAllahistheOnly
OneworthyofworshipandtobelieveinallthatwhichAllahrevealed.Inthatsense,Imanisbroaderthan
Tawhid,whichisderivedfromanArabicrootthatmeansdedicatingactsofworshipexclusivelytoAllah.
ThisemanatesfromthefactthatapersonbelievesthatAllah(mayHebePraised)istheOneworthyof
worship,sinceHeistheCreator,theProvider,thePerfectinHisNames,AttributesandActionsandthe
Disposerofallaffairs.Therefore,Heistrulyworthyofworship.Inotherwords,Tawhidmeansmakingacts
ofworshipexclusivetoAllahAloneandnegatingthemfromothers.Iman,however,hasabroadersense,
becauseitencompassesTawhidandsinceritytoAllahaswellasbelievinginallthatHerevealed

(PartNo:6,PageNo:218)

toHisProphet(peacebeuponhim).`Aqidah(creed)includesbothTawhidandIman,whichistobelievein
Allah,whatAllah(mayHebePraised)revealedtoHisMessenger,andwhatHisMessengertold,andto
believeinHisNamesandAttributes.

`AqidahisthecreedthatmanbelievesinandthecreedaccordingtowhichheworshipsAllah.Inthatsense,
itincludesdedicatingactsofworshiptoAllahAloneandbelievingthatHeistheCreator,theProviderandto
HimbelongallbeautifulNamesandExaltedAttributes.Italsoincludesthebeliefthatnoneisworthyof
worshipbutAllahandthatHeistheLawgiverwhoprohibits,makesobligatory,enacts,andforbids.Thus,
`Aqidahismoregeneral.

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IntroducingtheZhahiriyyah(theLiteralists)

Q:WhatistheprincipleofAlTariqahAlZhahiriyyah?DoesitconformtotheSunnah?

A : AlTariqahAlZhahiriyyahisawellknownschoolofthoughtadoptedbyDawudIbn`AliAlZhahiry,AbuMuhammadibn
Hazmandthosewhoheldtheiropinions.Itsignifiestheadherencetotheexplicitsenseofagiventextor
doctrinewithoutthinkingaboutTa`lil(logicalandmethodicalreasoning)ordependingonQiyas(analogy).
ScholarsofthisschoolofthoughtdonotrecognizeQiyasorTa`lil.Theyformulatetheiropinionsbasedon
theliteralmeaningofthecommandsandprohibitionsandtotallyoverlooktherationaleandtheimplicit
meanings.Forthatreason,theywerecalledZhahiriyyah,becausetheyadheretotheliteralmeaningswithout
lookingintothecauses,rationaleandShar`yQiyasthattheQur'anandSunnahsupport.Nonetheless,their
viewsingeneralarebetterthanthatofthepeopleofRa'y(personalopinion)whototallydependon
reasoningandQiyasandoverlooktheShar`yproofsfromtheQur'anandSunnah.TheZhahiriyyahschoolof
thoughthassomedeficitsandiscondemnedfortheiradherencetotheliteralmeaningofthetextswithout
consideringthecauses,rationaleandthesecretsthatAllahorHisProphetcitedandintended.Accordingly,
theycommittedmistakesinmanyissuesthattheQur'anandSunnahsupported.

AllahistheGrantorofsuccess.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6

,PageNo:219)

ThereisNOCoercioninAcceptingIslam

Q:SomepeoplesaythatapersonwhodoesnotenterIslamisconsideredafreemanwhom
weshouldnotforcetoacceptit.TheysupporttheirclaimbywhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says:
So,willyou(OMuhammad)thencompelmankind,untiltheybecomebelievers. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)
alsosays: Thereisnocompulsioninreligion. Whatisyouropiniononthisclaim?

A : ScholarsstatethatthesetwonobleAyahs(Qur'anicverses)andsimilarAyahsarerevealedregardingthe
peoplewhopayJizyah(polltaxrequiredfromnonMuslimslivinginanIslamicstate),suchastheJews,
ChristiansandMagi.ThosepeopleshouldnotbeforcedtoembraceIslamtheyshouldbegiventhechoice
eithertoembraceIslamorpaytheJizyah.Somescholarsheldthatthisrulingwasenforcedduringtheearly
daysofIslam,butlateronitwasabrogatedbyAllah'scommandtofightandperformJihad.Accordingto
thisopinion,anonMuslimwhorefusestoembraceIslammustbefoughtuntilheeitherembracesIslamor
paystheJizyahifhemeetsitsconditions.Thus,itisobligatorytoobligethedisbelieverstoacceptIslam,if
theyarenotamongthosewhopaytheJizyahbecausetheirconversiontoIslambringsabouttheirhappiness
andsalvationintheworldlylifeandtheHereafter.Obligingmantoadheretothetruthinwhichtheir
guidanceandhappinesslieisbetterforthemthanremainingonfalsehood,justasmanisforcedtofulfillthe
dutiesheowestoanotherpersonevenifbyjailorbeating.

ForcingthedisbelieverstobelieveintheOnenessofAllahandembraceIslamismorepreferableand
appealing,becauseitbringsabouttheirhappinessinthislifeandthelifetocomeunlesstheybelongtothe
PeopleoftheBook,suchastheJews,theChristians,ortheMagi.Islamordainsthatthesethreegroupsshould
begiventheoptiontoeitherembraceIslamorpayJizyahwithwillingsubmissionandfeelthemselves
subdued.

AgroupofscholarsareoftheopinionthatthesameruleisequallyappliedtoallnonMuslimsi.e.theyare
freetochooseIslamornot,butthepreponderantopinionisthatthisrulingappliesonlytothethreegroups.
ThatisbecausetheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)foughtthedisbelieversinhabitingtheArabianPeninsula
anddidnotacceptanythingfromthemexceptIslam.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: ThenwhentheSacredMonths
(the1st,7th,11th,and12thmonthsoftheIslmiccalendar)havepassed,thenkilltheMushrikn(SeeV.2:105)whereveryoufind
them,andcapturethemandbesiegethem,andlieinwaitforthemineachandeveryambush.ButiftheyrepentandperformAsSalt
(IqmatasSalt),andgiveZakt,thenleavetheirwayfree.Verily,AllhisOftForgiving,MostMerciful. Allahdoesnotsay"or
iftheypaidJizyah..."Therefore,theJews,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:220)

ChristiansandtheMagishouldberequestedtoembraceIslam.Iftheyrefuse,theyshouldpaytheJizyah.If
theyrefusetopaytheJizyah,itisobligatoryonMuslimstofightthem,iftheyareableto.Allah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)says: Fightagainstthosewho(1)believenotinAllh,(2)norintheLastDay,(3)norforbidthatwhichhas
beenforbiddenbyAllhandHisMessengerMuhammad(4)()andthosewhoacknowledgenotthereligionoftruth
(i.e.Islm)amongthepeopleoftheScripture(JewsandChristians),untiltheypaytheJizyahwithwillingsubmission,andfeel
themselvessubdued.

A l s o , itisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)collectedJizyahfromtheMagi Itwasnotauthentically
reportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)orhisCompanions(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)
collectedJizyahfromanyoneotherthanthethreegroupsmentionedabove.Theevidenceonthisiswhat
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: AndfightthemuntilthereisnomoreFitnah(disbeliefandpolytheism,i.e.worshippingothers
besidesAllh)andthereligion(worship)willallbeforAllhAlone[inthewholeoftheworld]. Allah(mayHebePraised)
says: ThenwhentheSacredMonths(the1st,7th,11th,and12thmonthsoftheIslmiccalendar)havepassed,thenkillthe
Mushrikn(SeeV.2:105)whereveryoufindthem,andcapturethemandbesiegethem,andlieinwaitforthemineachandevery
ambush.ButiftheyrepentandperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),andgiveZakt,thenleavetheirwayfree.Verily,AllhisOft
Forgiving,MostMerciful. ThisAyah(Qur'anicverse)iscalledtheAyahoftheSword.

ThisAyahandsimilarAyahsabrogatedtheonesstatingthatthereisnocompulsioninacceptingIslam.Allah
istheGranterofsuccess.

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ThemeaningofAllah'sExaltedName"AlZhahir"

Q:WhatistheopinionofYourEminenceonwhoeversaysthatAllah'sName"AlZhahir"means
theManifestineverything?DoesthisfallundertheopinionadvocatingHulul(aSufiterm
meaningindwelling)ornot?

A : ThisisBatil(nullandvoid),foritcontradictstheProphet's(peacebeuponhim)interpretationofanoble
Ayah.Itisauthenticallyreportedthathe(peacebeuponhim)said: OAllah,YouareAlAwwal(theFirst),thereis
nothingbeforeYou,andYouareAlAkhir(theLast),thereisnothingafterYou,andYouareAlZhahir(theManifestorSupreme),
thereisnothingoverYou,andYouareAlBatin(theHiddenorMostNear)andthereisnothingbeyondYou.Settlethedebtsonour
behalfandsufficeusfrompoverty (RelatedbyImamMusliminhisSahih(authenticbookofHadith)).Thus,Al
Zhahirmeans'TheSupreme'

(PartNo:6,PageNo:221)

overallcreatures,butHisSignsandevidenceofHisExistence,Sovereign,andKnowledgeareeverywhere
provingthatHeistheLordofallWorlds,theirCreatorandSustainer.Humanbeingshavebeengranted
hearing,sight,mind,bodyandorgansthesearesomeoftheampleSignsindicatingthatHeistheLordof
allworlds.Thesameappliestoheaven,earth,night,day,metals,animalsandeverything,astheyareall
SignsforHim(GlorifiedbeHe),indicatingtheExistenceofHisPower,Knowledge,Wisdom,andthatHeis
theOnlyOneworthyofbeingworshipped,justasapoetsaid:

IwonderHowGodisbeing orhowadeniercandenyHis
disobeyed Entity?
Althoughineverything,thereis DenotingHisDivineUnity
aSignforHim

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndyourIlh(God)isOneIlh(GodAllh),LilhaillaHuwa(thereisnonewho
hastherighttobeworshippedbutHe),theMostGracious,theMostMerciful. Then,Hesaysafterward: Verily!Inthecreation
oftheheavensandtheearth,andinthealternationofnightandday,andtheshipswhichsailthroughtheseawiththatwhichisofuse
tomankind,andthewater(rain)whichAllhsendsdownfromtheskyandmakestheearthalivetherewithafteritsdeath,andthe
moving(living)creaturesofallkindsthatHehasscatteredtherein,andintheveeringofwindsandcloudswhichareheldbetweenthe
skyandtheearth,areindeedAyt(proofs,evidence,signs,etc.)forpeopleofunderstanding. He(GlorifiedbeHe)has
outlinedinthisAyahvarioustypesofHisCreatures,whichindicatethatHe(GlorifiedbeHe)istheTrueGod
thatnoneshouldbeworshippedbutHim(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).EverythingincludesaSignforHim
andthisisourproofthatHeistheLordofalltheworldsHeexists,HeistheCreator,theSustainer,andthe
OnlyOneworthyofbeingworshipped(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).WhereasthemeaningofAlZhahiris
theMostSupremeoverallcreaturesaspreviouslymentionedintheauthenticHadithreportedfromthe
MessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim).

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MeaningofAlMathalAlA`la

Q:RegardingtheAyah(Qur'anicverse): Hisisthehighestdescription(i.e.nonehastherighttobeworshippedbut
He,andthereisnothingcomparableuntoHim)intheheavensandintheearth. ,doesthewordAlMathalmeana
similar?

(PartNo:6,PageNo:222)

A:ThewordAlMathalinthisAyahreferstothehighestdescriptionregardingalldifferentaspects.TheAyah
thusstatesthatAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)hastheAbsolutePerfectionregardingallHisSupremeAttributes.He
(GlorifiedbeHe)states: ThereisnothinglikeHimandHeistheAllHearer,theAllSeer. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)also
says: Say(OMuhammad):"HeisAllh,(the)One. "AllhusSamad()
[AllhtheSelfSufficientMaster,Whomallcreaturesneed,(Heneithereatsnordrinks)]. "Hebegetsnot,norwasHebegotten.
"AndthereisnonecoequalorcomparableuntoHim." MayAllahgrantussuccess!

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DifferencebetweenAllah'sNamesandHisAttributes

Q:WhatisthedifferencebetweentheNamesandtheAttributesofAllah?

A : AlltheNamesofAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)implyAttributesthatfitHim(ExaltedbeHe),suitHisPerfection,
andarenotcomparabletotheattributesofanyofHiscreatures.ItisworthmentioningthatAllah'sNames
arebothproperNamesandAttributesforHim(GlorifiedbeHe).ExamplesofAllah'sNamesaretheMost
Beneficent,theMostMerciful,theAllMighty,theAllWise,theKing,theHoly,theOneFreefromalldefects,
theGiverofsecurity,andtheWatcheroverHiscreatures.MuslimshavetobelieveinalltheforegoingNames
ofAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)inawaythatsuitsAllah'sMajestywithnoTahrif(distortionofthemeaning),Ta`til
(denialofAllah'sAttributes),Takyif(questioningAllah'sAttributes,orTamthil(likeningAllah'sAttributesto
thoseofHisCreation).ThisisexactlywhatthescholarsofourSalaf(righteouspredecessors)suchasMalik,Al
Thawry,AlAwza`yandothersmeantbysaying:"BelieveinAlla'hNames'Attributes'astheystatedbyQur'anandSunnahwithout
questioningthem."

ThissignifiesthatitisWajib(obligatory)tobelieveinAllah'sNamesandAttributesinamannerthatsuits
Him(GlorifiedbeHe).

However,themannerofAllah'sAttributesisonlyknowntoAllah(GlorifiedbeHe).Itisthusnarratedthat
whenMalik(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)wasaskedaboutAllah'ssaying: TheMostGracious(Allh)roseover
(Istaw)the(Mighty)Throne(inamannerthatsuitsHisMajesty). howdoesthisIstiwa'(risingover)takeplace?He
(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)answered:"Istiwa'iswellknown,itsmannerisunknown,believinginitis
WajibandaskingaboutitisBid`ah'innovationinreligion'."ImamMalik,intheforegoingstatement,meant
thataskingaboutthemannerofIstiwa'isBid`ah.Infact,ImamMalikconveyedthisfromhisShaykhRabi`ah
ibnAbu`AbdulRahman,andUmSalamah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher).ThisisinfacttheviewofalltheSalaf
asconveyedfromthembymanyscholarsincludingShaykh

(PartNo:6,PageNo:223)

IbnTaymiyyah(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)inhisbooksAl`AqidahAlWasitiyyah,AlHamawiyyah,AlTadmuriyyah,andsomeof
hisotherbooksaswasconveyedbytheprominentscholarIbnAlQayyim(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)inhisrenownedbooks.The
samewasalsoconveyedearlierbyAbuAlHasanAlAsh`ary(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim).

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WasIslamspreadbythesword?

Q:Foradditionalinformation,whatdoyouthinkabouttheclaimthatIslamwasspreadbythe
sword?Wewouldliketohavealogicalreplytothis.

A : Thisclaim,inthisgeneralizedformula,isfalse.IslamwasspreadbyDa`wah(calltoIslam)toAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),yetsupportedbythesword.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)conveyeditby
meansofDa`wahinMakkahforthirteenyears,thencontinueddoingthisin A lMadinahbeforehewas
commandedtofight.Moreover,theSahabahalongwithmanyMuslimshadspreadallovertheearthandcalled
toAllah,andhadstriveninHiscauseagainstwhoeveropposedthem,fortheswordisjustaway.Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)says: AndWebroughtforthironwhereinismightypower(inmattersofwar),aswellasmanybenefitsfor
mankind Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndfightthemuntilthereisnomoreFitnah(disbeliefandpolytheism,i.e.
worshippingothersbesidesAllh)andthereligion(worship)willallbeforAllhAlone[inthewholeoftheworld]. Theyfought
thosewhorefusedfortheirownsakeandsafety.Ingeneral,whoeverisindebtedwithanyrighttoanother
shouldbeobligedtofulfillthisrighteitherbyjailingorbeating,yetthispersonisunjustlytreated.Ifthisis
thecase,howcanapersoncondemnorfinditqueertoobligewhoeverisindebtedtoAllahtofulfillHis
Rights(ExaltedbeHe)?Accordingly,withgreaterreason,themostimportantrightandtheworthiestof
beingfulfilledistheobservanceofTawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah/monotheism)toAllah(mayhebe
Glorified)andtheabandonmentofassociatingotherswithHim.ItisaMercyfromAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)to
prescribefightingandobservanceofJihad(fighting/strivingintheCauseofAllah)againstMushrikun(those
whoassociateothersinworshipwithAllah)soastoenforcethemtosingleoutAllah(ExaltedbeHe)with
worshipandquitworshippinganythingotherthanHim.Thisleadstotheirhappinessandsafetyinthe
worldlylifeandtheHereafter.AllahistheOneWhograntssuccess.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:224)

TheBasicObjectivesinLife

Q:Whatarebasicobjectivesthatshouldbegivenpriorityinlifetoattainhappinessand
victoryovertheenemiesInshaaAllah(ifAllahwills)?

A : Themostimportantobjectivesthatshouldbegivenprioritytoinordertoattainhappiness,salvationand
beworthyofAllah'sVictoryaretocomprehendandactuponourreligionwithregardtooneselfandothers
andtosupportAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),bysupportingHisReligion,abidingbyHisCommands,
andavoidingHisProhibitionsinallaspectsoflife.ThisincludesalsoenjoiningMa`ruf(thatwhichisjudged
asgood,beneficial,orfittingbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect),forbiddingMunkar(thatwhich
isunacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect),Jihad(fighting/strivingin
theCauseofAllah)andcallingtoAlHaqq(theTruth).Whenweachievethisandactaccordingtothe
IslamicShari`ahinourdifferentaspectsoflife,victoryofAllahwillbeguaranteedasAllahpromisedus.The
OnewhoistrueinHispromise(ExaltedbeHe)says: Oyouwhobelieve!Ifyouhelp(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewillhelp
you,andmakeyourfootholdfirm. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: and(asfor)thebelievers,itwasincumbentuponUsto
help(them). Truly,AllhiswiththosewhofearHim(keeptheirdutyuntoHim),andthosewhoareMuhsinn(gooddoers.Seethe
footenoteofV.9:120). Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Verily,AllhwillhelpthosewhohelpHis(Cause).Truly,AllhisAll
Strong,AllMighty. Those(Muslimrulers)who,ifWegivethempowerintheland,(they)enjoinIqamatasSalt[i.e.toperform
thefivecompulsorycongregationalSalt(prayers)(themalesinmosques)],topaytheZaktandtheyenjoinAlMarf(i.e.Islmic
MonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbidAlMunkar(i.e.disbelief,polytheismandallthatIslmhasforbidden)[i.e.
theymaketheQurnasthelawoftheircountryinallthespheresoflife].AndwithAllhreststheendof(all)matters(ofcreatures).

Besides,Islamordersustoadoptmaterialmeans,suchasunitingranks,beingonalertandpreparingpower
forconfrontingtheenemy,asAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Andmakereadyagainstthemallyoucanofpower,including
steedsofwar(tanks,planes,missiles,artillery) Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!Takeyourprecautions
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andholdfast,allofyoutogether,totheRopeofAllh(i.e.thisQurn),andbenotdivided
amongyourselves TherearesomanyAyahs(Qur'anicverses)tothesameeffect.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:225)

APieceofAdvicetoPerformDa`wahtoAllahPatiently

F r o m`Abdul`Azizbin`AbdullahibnBaztothehonorablebrother,ShaykhM.A.M.M,mayAllahexpandhis
knowledgeandsuccess!

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

IhavereceivedyourletterdatedDecember19,1973.Iwasveryhappytoknowaboutyouractionsagainst
thedestructiveprinciplesandtheharmyouencounteredbecauseofthat.Infact,thisisthewayofthe
messengersandtheirfollowerswhoareoftentriedbutfinallyhadthesuccessfuloutcome.Thus,I
recommendyoutoendurethispatientlyandhavegladtidings.Ireviewedtheattachedlectureentitled"Our
PositionintheMethodologyofIslam"andfounditgenerallygoodandfruitful.However,therearecertain
topicsthatlookalittlevague.Forinstance,inpagenumber3,itiswritten:"Islamdeemseveryoneseparates
himselffromsuchastateandformsanewclassorpowercenters,adisbelieverinIslam..."Weadviseyouto
giveattentiontoclarityandavoidgeneralizationasmuchasyoucanwhenyoupreparealecture.

AsfarasyourdesiretoworkinSaudiArabiaisconcerned,youknowthatthelargerpartoftheschoolyearhas
elapsed,besidestheMinistryofEducationneedsnomorenewteachers.Isuggestthatyouworkinthefield
ofpreachingandguidanceinKuwaitandthereisnoblameonyouatalltoreceiveasalaryforthattypeof
workasyouwouldtakeitforyourworkinteaching.Workinbothfields,actually,involvescallingtoAllah,
educatingandinstructingpeople,enjoiningtheMa`ruf(thatwhichisjudgedasgood,beneficial,orfittingby
IslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect)andforbiddingtheMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableor
disapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect).Also,thereisnoharmthataMuslimtakes
moneyfromBaytu lMal(Muslimtreasury)tohelphimcontinuehisworkinteaching,preaching,guiding,
leadingpeopleinSalah(prayer),Adhan(calltoPrayer),oranyworkofrighteousness.Scholarsdifferedas
totherulingofreceivingafeeforteachingtheQur'anorleadingpeopleinSalahfromsomeoneotherthan
BaytulMal.Infact,theCompanionsoftheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)

(PartNo:6,PageNo:226)

receivedmoneyfromBaytu lMalthathelpedthemtodoactsofobediencetoAllahandperformJihad
(fightingintheCauseofAllah).ThistookplaceduringthetimeoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andthe
rightlyguidedcaliphs,thoughtheCompanions(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)werethemostprudentof
people,whofearAllahmostandknowHislawsbestaftertheprophets.Wehaveanexcellentexampleinthe
Companionsregardingthispoint.MayAllahguideusalltowhatpleasesHim!MayAllahgrantyou,usand
allMuslimsunderstandingofIslamandsteadfastnessinit!Indeed,AllahisAllHearer,EverNear.Assalamu
`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh.

www.ircpk.com

ThoughtsregardingthefutureofIslam

Q:OEminentShaykh,howcanyouseethefutureofIslamspeciallyinthepresenceofthe
varioustendencies,ideologiesandtrendsthatshowhostilitytowardsit?

A : IbelievethatIslamwillbevictorious,byAllah'spermission,overallfalsetrendsandcreedsthatthe
worldsufferstoday.IbelievethatallthewickedhostilitythataimsatharmingIslamandstoppingits
leadershipoftheworldwill,intheend,bythepermissionofAllah,goagainstitspeople.Thisisbecause
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)haspromisedtosavetheGloriousQur'anwhichisthegreatestfoundationofIslam,
asHe(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Verily,We,itisWeWhohavesentdowntheDhikr(i.e.theQurn)andsurely,Wewillguardit
(fromcorruption).

AllpraisebetoAllahAlone,AllahalwayspreparessupportersforHisDin(religion).TheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)thusstated: AgroupofpeoplefrommyUmmah(nation)willremainvictorious(andontherightpath),andthose
whodesertoropposethemshallnotbeabletodothemanyharmuntilAllah'sCommandisexecuted(i.e.Resurrectionis
established). Accordingtoanothernarration,he(peacebeuponhim)said: Theyareunharmedbythosewhooppose
Infact,movementsthathaverecentlyspreadallovertheworldandthat
themuntilthe(Last)Hourcomestopass.
calltofollowingandapplyingtheQur'anandSunnahshowsignsofwhatIhavementionedabove.Onthe
otherhand,experienceprovedthatthesevariousideologiessuchaswesterncapitalism,communism,andall
othertrendsthatitsfollowerspropagatearefalseandfruitless.Theyharmhumansintheirreligion,morals,
andeconomyinsteadofbringinghappinesstothem.Thisisbecausesuchideologiesandtrendsaremadeby
humanbeingswhosenatureisincapacity,ignorance,andfancyasAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says:

(PartNo:6,PageNo:227)

HaditbeenfromotherthanAllh,theywouldsurelyhavefoundthereinmanyacontradiction.

Humanityhasstartedtolookforaproperwaythatcanrescueitfromthedeteriorationthatafflictedallthe
spheresoflifeanditisonlyIslamthatcangranthumanitysuchprotection.Allpeoplewill,bythepermission
ofAllah,discoverthisfactsoonerorlatterasAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Then,asforthefoamitpassesawayas
scumuponthebanks,whilethatwhichisforthegoodofmankindremainsintheearth.ThusAllhsetsforthparables(forthetruth
andfalsehood,i.e.Beliefanddisbelief). However,IslamthatImeanhereistheonefreefromallstainsofShirk
(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)andBid`ah(innovationinreligion).ItisIslamas
wasfollowedbytheProphet(peacebeuponhim),hisSahabah(Companions),andtheSalaf(righteous
predecessors)whocameafterhim(peacebeuponhim)andthustheyweregrantedsuccess,theyconquered
differentcountries,andledmankindtothewayofguidanceandsalvation.MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:228)

MessagetoSomeGulfPrinces

From`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaztothehonorableprince,mayAllahgranthimsuccessandletAlHaqq(the
Truth)bevictoriouswithhissupport!

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

SomeofthesincerewellwisherswrotetomeaboutagravethatisbeingworshippedinsteadofAllahin
yourvillage.Attachedisacopyofhisletteralongwithtwophotosofthesaidgrave.IhopeYourEminence
couldissueanordertotheunderminingofthisgraveandpreventingpeoplefromexcessivelypraisingitand
offeringsacrificesforitsdweller.ExcessivenessrelatedtogravesisanactofJahiliyyah(preIslamictimeof
ignorance).Besides,drawingclosertothedwellersofgravesbyofferingsacrificesorvowsorseekingtheir
helpareactsofJahiliyyah,whichMuslimrulersshouldend.

Themortalremainsshouldbemovedtothepubliccemeteryeachcorpseshouldbeburiedinaseparate
holeintheground,anditssurfaceshouldbeleveledlikeallothergravesinordertohideitfrompeople,lest
theyshouldreturntooverpraisingitagain.Itwasreportedthat`UmaribnAlKhattab(mayAllahbepleasedwith
him)didthesamewiththegraveofDanielthatthePersiansusedtooverparsieheorderedthemtodig
thirteengravesduringthedaylightandtoputthecorpseinoneofthematnighttolevelallthegravesso
thatpeoplecouldnotdiscernhisgrave.MayAllahblessyouwhereveryouareandmakethereligion
victoriouswithyoursupport!MayAllahguideyoutodothatwhichHelovesandthatwhichpleasesHim!
MayAllahhelpyouprotectthepurifiedShari`ahfromcontraventions!HeistheMostGenerous.Assalamu
`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh

Chairmanof

theDepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,Ifta',Daw`ah,andGuidance

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:229)

Advisingaprinceontheoccasionofthebeginningofhis

assignmenttosomeregionsintheKingdomofSaudiArabia

FromAbdulAzizBinAbdullahIbnBaztoHisRoyalHighnessthenobleprince,mayAllahgranthimsuccessAmen.

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

Tocommence:

MayAllahsafeguardyou.IknewthatHisMajesty,theking(mayAllahsafeguardhim)assignedyouasa
princeattheregionof(.....).IthuscongratulateyourHighnessforthisroyalconfidenceandIaskAllah
(GlorifiedbeHe)toenableyoutomeettheexpectationsofHisMajesty,theking.MayAllahgrantyoumore
successandguideyoutothetruthinyourwordsandactions.Ontheotherhand,itiswellknownthatruling
isagreatresponsibilityanddangerfortheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Itisatrustanditwillbeacauseof
disgraceandremorseontheDayofResurrection,exceptfortheonewhotakesitupwithafullsenseofresponsibilityandfulfillswhat
isentrustedtohim(dischargesitsobligationsefficiently).

Thus,IadviseYourHighnessandmyselftofearAllah,continuefollowingtheguidanceofHisDin(religion),
tobeagoodexamplethatcallstoeverygoodness,tocaregreatlyfortheaffairsoftheMuslimsandtheir
Din,andtosupportandencouragetheCommitteesforthePropagationofVirtueandthePreventionofVice
(CPVPV).Undoubtedly,thesuccessofthefoundationmentionedaboveandthegrowthofitsactivitiesare
basedonthehelpofAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)thentheassistanceandsupportofMuslimauthoritieswhile
enjoiningsuchCommitteestoverifythesoundnessoftheirworkandtoshowkindnessregardingalltheir
differentaffairs.

OneimportantmatteristohastentoapplytheShar`y(Islamiclegal)rulingsfirmlyandstrictlyandto
instructtheconcernedauthoritiestodothesame,sothateveryoneobtainstheirrightswithoutanyhardship
ordifficulty.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:230)

AnotherimportantissueistocontinueperformingSalah(prayer)incongregationandtocommandofficers
andworkerstodothesame,sothattheyallbecomegoodexamplesleadingtogoodness.

Moreover,itisimportantthatYourHighnessmakethebestuseofyourtimeandchecktheMuslims'needs
personallysothatyoucarefortheminthebestmanner.

Finally,IaskAllahbyHisMostBeautifulNamesandSupremeAttributestoguideyoutoallgoodness.May
Hehelpyoutofulfillalltheobligationsofyourposition,grantyouagoodBitanah(advisors,consultants,
protectors,helpers,friends,etc.),andmakeyouameanstosupportthetruthanditspeopleandabandon
falsehoodanditspeople.MayAllahmakeusandyouamongsttheguidingandtheguidedpeopleforHe
(ExaltedbeHe)isabletodowhateverHewills.Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh.

President

TheDepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,Ifta',Daw`ah,andGuidance

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:231)

AspeechinaconferenceheldatAlJami`ahAlIslamiyyah

DarulUloominDeobandIndia

F r o m`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaztotheirexcellenciesmybrotherswhoareparticipatingintheconference.
MayAllahguidethemtowhateverpleasesHimandhelpthemtosupportHisDin(religion),Amen.

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

Tocommence,IwouldliketotelltheparticipantsinthisconferencethatitwouldpleasemealotifIcould
takepartinthisnobleconferenceattendedbymanyprominentscholarstosharethecelebrationoftheone
hundredandfiftiethanniversaryofAlJami`ahAlIslamiyyah(Islamicuniversity).However,duetomymany
commitments,IcouldnotcometotheconferenceinpersonbutIdeputizedmytwonoblebrothers:His
EminenceShaykhMuhammadIbnIbrahimIbnQa`udChairmanoftheDepartmentofDa`wah(callingtoIslam)
abroadandHisExcellencyShaykh`Abdul`AzizIbnNasirAlBaz,theheadofmyoffice.ThetwoShaykhsreferred
toabovearetorepresentthegeneralpresidencyoftheDepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,Ifta',Daw`ah,
andGuidanceintheKingdomofSaudiArabiaduringthisblessedmeetingbythepermissionofAllah.IaskAllah
(GlorifiedbeHe)tograntsuccesstoalltheparticipantsinthisconference,toguidethemtothestraightpath,
andtomaketheireffortsbeneficialtoMuslimpeoplesandcountries.

Atthesametime,IthinkIhavetosayabriefandconvenientwordonthisoccasiontotheparticipantsinthe
conference:

AllpraisebetoAllahAlone.PeaceandblessingsbeuponHisMessenger,hisfamily,andCompanions.

ItisoneofthegracesthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)bestowsuponHisbelievingslavesallovertheworldthatHe
(ExaltedbeHe)makesfromamongstthem

(PartNo:6,PageNo:232)

agroupofpeoplewhotakeparticularcareoftheirbrothers,whoareinchargeofeducationalfoundations
andwhoaregenerallyconcernedaboutDa`wah(callingtoIslam)allovertheworld.Suchpeopleallocateall
theircapabilitiesandexertgreateffortstosupportbothIslamiceducationalfoundationsandDa`wah.They
repelalldifficultobstaclestoraisetheflagofIslam.

Myhonorablebrothers:Itpleasesmethatnotablesamongstthebelieversspeciallytheirscholarsgatherat
anyplacetodiscusstheproblemsthatfaceMuslimsandexchangeviewsregardingwaysofsettingtheir
affairsaright,solvingtheirproblems,reinforcingtheaffairsofknowledgeanditspeople,supporting
educationalfoundationsandguidingthemintherightdirection,andfacilitatingtheattainmentofknowledge
forwhoeverwills.Thus,IenjoinyoutofearAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)underallconditions,tobesincereto
Himregardingallyouractions,andtoalwaysbepatienttospreadknowledgeandDa`wahinaccordance
withAllah'ssaying: Oyouwhobelieve!BeafraidofAllh,andbewiththosewhoaretrue(inwordsanddeeds). Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Oyouwhobelieve!Endureandbemorepatient(thanyourenemy),andguardyour
territorybystationingarmyunitspermanentlyattheplacesfromwheretheenemycanattackyou,andfearAllh,sothatyoumaybe
successful. Themostimportantofallbranchesofknowledgeistheproper`Aqidah(creed).Itisthe`Aqidah
o f A h lu lSunnahwalJama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody),whichisbased
ontheGloriousQur'anandtheauthenticSunnah(whateverisreportedfromthetrustworthyProphet)and
thatwasfollowedbytheSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet)andthosewhofollowedthemrightly.
`Aqidahhasthustobeexplainedtostudentsandtheyhavetobewarnedagainstallthatopposesit.The
proper`AqidahistobelieveinTawhidulUluhiyyah(OnenessofWorship),TawhidulRububiyyah(Oneness
ofAllah'sLordship),andTawhidu lAsma'walSifat(OnenessofAllah'sNamesandAttributes).Itisto
believethatAllahAlone(GlorifiedbeHe)istheOneWhodeservestobeworshipedapartfromallHis
creatures.ItisalsotobelievethatAllahistheOnlyOneWhohastheMostBeautifulNamesandSupreme
AttributesnooneorthingiscomparabletoHim,equaltoHim,orparalleltoHimandthatHe(Exaltedbe
He)isnotlikeanyofHiscreaturesregardinganyofHisAttributes.He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says:
ThereisnothinglikeHimandHeistheAllHearer,theAllSeer. Theforegoingpointshavetobefullyclarifiedto
seekersofknowledge.IthastobemadecleartothemthatgivingTa'wil(allegoricalinterpretation)toAyahs
(Qur'anicverses)andHadithontheAttributesofAllahaswasdonebysomesectsthatascribedthemselves
toIslam,isanimpermissibleattitudethatmayneitherbefollowednoracknowledged.Rather,peoplehave
tobemadeawareoftheinvalidityofsuchatrendandthefactthatitopposesthetextsoftheQur'an,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:233)

Sunnah,andIjma`(consensusofscholars)ofSalaf(righteouspredecessors).Similarly,manypracticesthat
takeplaceinmanyMuslimcountriessuchasexcessivelyreveringthedead,seekingtheirhelp,vowingfor
them,makingDu`a'(supplication)totheminsteadofAllah(ExaltedbeHe),callingfortheirintercession,
andaskingthemtocurethesick,andsoon,allcontradictthedeclarationthatLailahaillaAllah(thereisno www.ircpk.com
deitybutAllah)andtheProphet'scalltoworshipAllahAloneandabandonworshipinganyofHiscreatures.
He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)thussays: AndthemosquesareforAllh(Alone):soinvokenotanyonealongwithAllh.
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Say(OMuhammad):"Verily,mySalt(prayer),mysacrifice,my
living,andmydyingareforAllh,theLordoftheAlamn(mankind,jinnandallthatexists). "Hehasnopartner.AndofthisIhave
beencommanded,andIamthefirstoftheMuslims." TherearemanyotherAyahstothesameeffect.

SomemoreexamplesareAllah'ssaying: So,callyou(OMuhammadandthebelievers)upon(or
invoke)Allhmaking(your)worshippureforHim(Alone)(byworshippingnonebutHimandbydoingreligiousdeedssincerelyfor
A l l hssakeonlyandnottoshowoffandnottosetuprivalswithHiminworship),howevermuchthedisbelievers(intheOnenessof
Allh)mayhate(it). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: ThatisbecauseAllhHeistheTruth(theonlyTrue
Godofallthatexists,WhohasnopartnersorrivalswithHim),andwhatthey(thepolytheists)invokebesidesHim,itisBtil
(falsehood).Andverily,AllhHeistheMostHigh,theMostGreat. Moreover,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said:
TherightofAllahoverHisslavesisthattheyshouldworshipHimandnotassociateanythingwithHim.He(peacebeuponhim)
alsosaid: Whoeverdieswhilestillinvokingarival(inworship)toAllah,willenterHell'Fire'. Therearemanyrenowned
Hadithtothesameeffect.Mypointhereisonlytomakeareminderofthisgreatmatter,tohelponeanother
tocareforit,tocooperateperfectlytomakepeopleawareofit,andtowarnthemagainstdifferenttypesof
Shirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)thatAllahprohibits.Afterwards,Muslims
speciallyseekersofknowledgehavetobeadvisedtoholdfasttotheSunnahandbewareofBid`ah
(innovationinreligion)asAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Say(OMuhammadto
mankind):"Ifyou(really)loveAllhthenfollowme(i.e.acceptIslmicMonotheism,followtheQurnandtheSunnah),Allhwilllove
youandforgiveyouyoursins. He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: AndtheforemosttoembraceIslmoftheMuhjirn(those
whomigratedfromMakkahtoAlMadinah)andtheAnsr(thecitizensofAlMadinahwhohelpedandgaveaidtotheMuhjirn)and
alsothosewhofollowedthemexactly(inFaith).AllhiswellpleasedwiththemastheyarewellpleasedwithHim. .

Moreover,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: WhoeverinnovatesthingsinourDinthatdonotconformtoit,willhave
themrejected. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim).Inaddition,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)
usedtosayinHisJumu`ah(Friday)sermon: Andthen,thebestofthespeechisembodiedintheBookofAllah,andthe
bestoftheguidanceisthatgivenbyMuhammad.Andthemostevilaffairsaretheirinnovationsandeveryinnovationiserror.
ThereareabundantrenownedAyahsandHadithinthisregardandabidingbyalltheforegoinghelpsto
provethesoundnessofaperson'sdeclarationthatthereisnodeitybutAllahandthatMuhammadisthe
MessengerofAllah.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:234)

Anotherimportantthingthatprovesthesoundnessofone'sShahadah(TestimonyofFaith)aswellisgiving
advicetotheauthoritiesofMuslimsallovertheworldandaskingthemtoapplytherulingsofQur'anand
Sunnahregardingeverything,tobepleasedwiththeirjudgment,andtoavoidallthatopposesthemfor
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: AndwhosoeverdoesnotjudgebywhatAllhhasrevealed,sucharetheKfirn(i.e.disbelievers
ofalesserdegreeastheydonotactonAllhsLaws). AndwhosoeverdoesnotjudgebythatwhichAllhhasrevealed,suchare
theZlimn(polytheistsandwrongdoersofalesserdegree). AndwhosoeverdoesnotjudgebywhatAllhhasrevealed(then)
such(people)aretheFsiqn[therebelliousi.e.disobedient(ofalesserdegree)toAllh].

Moreover,He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Butno,byyourLord,theycanhavenoFaith,untiltheymakeyou
(OMuhammad)judgeinalldisputesbetweenthem,andfindinthemselvesnoresistanceagainstyourdecisions,
andaccept(them)withfullsubmission.

ItisworthmentioninginthisconferencethatMuslimshavetobewareofdestructivedoctrinesandfalse
ideologiessuchasCommunism,AlBaha'yyah(BabismanapostatesectwhichclaimsthatitsfounderMirza
AliMuhammadisaProphet),andAlQadyaniyyah(anapostatesectwhichdeniesthatProphetMuhammad
(peacebeuponhim)isthelastprophetandclaimsthatGhulamAhmadAlQadayanyisaprophetand
messengerofAllah,orthatheis'IsaibnMaryam(Jesus,sonofMary),orthatthesoulofMuhammador'Isa
wasreincarnatedinhim,soheassumedthestatusofaprophet)thatfoundtheirwaysintoMuslimcountries.
Eventhoughthedoctrinesmentionedaboveopposetheproper`AqidahandthepurifiedShari`ah(Islamic
law),peoplewholackknowledgemaybedeceivedbyitanddeludedbyitspropagators.Knowledgeable
peoplehavetoclarifythetruthandwarnagainstsuchfalseideologiestoexpresstheirsinceritytoAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)andHisslaves,toforbidwhatdispleasesHim,andtofulfillthetrust.MayAllahgrantyour
conferencesuccessinallitsdecisionsandrecommendations!MayAllahmakeitbeneficialtoMuslimsand
doubleyourrewardforit!IalsoaskAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)tosetrighttherulersandscholarsofthe
Muslimsallovertheworld,toguidethemtoapplytherulingsofShari`ahandtoacceptitsjudgments,and
tobewareofallthatopposesit.Verily,OnlyAllahcanrespondtoDu`a'andHeisAbletodowhateverHe
likes.Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh.

Presidentof

theDepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,Ifta',Daw`ah,andGuidance

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:235)

AdvicetospreadIslamanditsvirtuesinAmerica

Elaboratingontheissueof

womenwipingovertheKhimarandwashingtheheadafterJanabah

F r o m`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaztothehonorablebrotherH.A.B.mayAllahguidehimtowhatpleases
Him,Amen!

Peacebeuponyou!

Toproceed,

Ireceivedyourletter(mayAllahguideyou)andwasgladtohearyouareingoodhealthandyouarestill
strivingtoserveyournationandcountry.AllpraisebetoAllah.MayAllahgrantyouprosperityandsuccess!

IwasverygladtohearthatyouundertakethemissionofspreadingIslam,invitingpeopletoit,
demonstratingitsvirtuesandansweringthosewhoopposeit.Further,youaskustosendsomeDu`ah
(callerstoIslam)fromtheIslamicUniversitygraduatestoincreasethenumberofthosewhoenterIslam
afterknowingitsTruthandrealizingitssublimityandjustice.AllpraisebetoAllah,Whoguidedyoutocarry
outthishonorablemissionandnoblerole.IaskAllahtoincreaseyouingoodnessandguidance,benefit
otherswithyoureffortsandmakeusallamongthosewhoareguidedandguiding,forHeistheMost
Generous.

ConcerningyourrequesttosendsomeDu`ahtoAmericatocarryoutthemissionofDa`wah(callingto
Islam)andtoconveythemessageofIslam,IwouldliketotellyouthatIamveryinterestedinthematter
andIappreciateyourvaluedidea.InshaaAllah(ifAllahwills),wewillsendsomeDu`ahoncewefindthe
suitableoneswhohavemasteredtheEnglishlanguage.Itisthelanguagebarrierthathindersourefforts.
MayAllahachieveouraimofgrantingIslamgloryandsettingrighttheaffairsofMuslims!

(PartNo:6,PageNo:236)

Indeed,wehavesentmanyDu`ahtodifferentAfricancountriestoinvitepeopletoIslam,guidethem,prepare
reportsabouttheconditionsofMuslimsthere,studytheirproblems,knowtheIslamicsocietiesthere,and
offerthemallavailablehelpandchoosestudentswhocanbesenttotheIslamicUniversityofMadinah.Allpraisebe
toAllah,thoseDu`ahhaveachievedgreatsuccessandhavedonemuchgood.WeaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
toguideusandallMuslimstounderstandHisReligion,holdfasttoit,andexerteveryefforttoinviteothers
toit,andspreaditsvirtuesandteachings.MayAllahguideourrulerstoallthatsetsMuslims'affairsright,
promotesthesoundnessoftheirreligion,andunifytheirword,forHeistheOneCapableofthat.

Inyourletter,youinquiredabouttherulingonwomenwipingovertheKhimar(veilcovering
tothehead)whenperformingGhusl(ritualbathfollowingmajorritualimpurity)forJanabah
(majorritualimpurityrelatedtosexualdischarge).Yousaythattheobligationofwashingthe
headeachtimeafterJanabahmayhindertheAmericanwomenfromenteringIslam,asthey
havetheirhairstylepreparedincertainformandwaterspoilsit.

A : ItisknowninShari`ah(Islamiclaw)andintheunanimousagreementofMuslimscholarsthatwiping
overanyscreenonthebodysuchastheKhuffs(leathersocks),turbanorKhimarisnotpermissiblewhen
takingGhuslfollowingmajorritualimpurity.ThisisonlypermissiblewhenperformingWudu'(ablution),
basedontheHadithrelatedontheauthorityofSafwanibn`Assal(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)whosaid,
TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)orderedusnottotakeoffourKhuffsforthreedaysandnightswhenwewereona
journey,unlesswewereinthestateofJanabah,butnotafterexcretion,urination,orsleep.

Certainly,Shari`ahischaracterizedbyleniencyandtolerancebutnotinthisparticularcaseofwashingthe
headafterJanabah.TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)wasaskedbyUmSalamahaboutperforming
GhuslfollowingmajorritualimpurityduetoJanabahormenstruationsaying, "OMessengerofAllah!Ihaveclosely
plaitedhaironmyhead.ShouldIundoitwhenperformingGhuslfollowingmajorritualimpurityandmenstruation?"He(peacebe
uponhim)said:"Itisenoughforyoutothrowthreehandfulsofwateronyourheadandpourwateroveryourbody,andthenyouare
purified." (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahihBookofauthenticHadith)Thus,womenwhofinditdifficulttowash
theirheadswhenperformingGhuslfollowingJanabahshouldthrowthreehandfulsofwaterovertheirheads
untilwatercoversitwithouthavingtoundotheirhairorchangeanythingthatishardtochange.Moreover,
itisimportanttoencouragethesewomenbytellingthemaboutthegreatrewardinstoreforthemwith
Allah(ExaltedbeHe),thegoodendandtheeternalnoblelifethatawaitsthemintheHereafteriftheyare
patient

(PartNo:6,PageNo:237)

andholdfasttotherulingsofShari`ah.Ontheotherhand,therearesomenecessaryscreensneededtofix www.ircpk.com
afractureorcoveraninjury.ItispermissibletowipeoverthesescreenswhenperformingGhuslwhether
frommajororminorritualimpuritieswithoutfixingadefinitedate,aslongasitisnecessary.Itisrelatedon
theauthorityofJabir(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)whosaid aboutthemanwithheadinjury,theProphet(peacebeupon
him)orderedhimtotieapieceofclotharoundhiswoundandwipeoveritandthenwashtherestofhisbody. (RelatedbyAbu
DawudinhisSunan(Hadithcompilationsclassifiedbyjurisprudentialthemes))

ItisimportanttotellthosewhowishtoenterIslambutarehinderedbysomerulingsorfindithardthatthe
wayleadingtoParadiseissurroundedbyhardshipswhilethewayleadingtoHellfireissurroundedby
temptations.ExplaintothemthatAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)ordainedmanythingsonHisservantstotrythem
andfindwhichofthemisthebestindeeds.PleasingAllah,enteringHisParadise,andbeingamongthe
honoredwinnersisnotaneasytaskthatisgainedwithoutenduringanyhardships.Onthecontrary,a
Muslimhastobepatient,struggleagainstthemselves,andendurealotintheirquesttopleaseAllah,gain
HisContentment,andbesafefromHisWrathandPunishment.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says:
Verily!Wehavemadethatwhichisonearthasanadornmentforit,inorderthatWemaytestthem(mankind)astowhichofthem
arebestindeeds.[i.e.thosewhodogooddeedsinthemostperfectmanner,thatmeanstodothem(deeds)totallyforAllhssake
andinaccordancetothelegalwaysoftheProphet]. He(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Whohascreated
deathandlifethatHemaytestyouwhichofyouisbestindeed. He(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andsurely,Weshalltryyoutill
Wetestthosewhostrivehard(fortheCauseofAllh)andAsSbirn(thepatient),andWeshalltestyourfacts(i.e.theonewhoisa
liar,andtheonewhoistruthful). TherearemanyAyahs(Qur'anicverses)tothesameeffect.WeaskAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)toletusbeamongthecallerstoguidance,tosetrighttheaffairsofMuslims,togrant
everyoneinsighttothetrueaimbehindtheirexistence,andtoincreasethenumberofthosewhocalltothe
Truth,forHeisPowerfulovereverything.Peacebeuponyou!

DeputyChairmanoftheIslamicUniversityofAlMadinahAlMunawwarah

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:238)

APieceofAdviceto

MuslimStudentsinPakistan

DearbrotherschiefandmembersofIslamiJamiatTalba(IslamicOrganizationofStudents)inPakistan(may
Allahprotectthem)Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,and
Blessingsbeuponyou!)

IpraiseAllah,WhononehastherighttobeworshippedbutHim,andIaskHim(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)tomakeyourdeedsameanstomakethewordofAllahsupreme,supportHisReligion,sustainHis
Shari`ah(Islamiclaw)andfollowtheSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet),whichguarantees
honorinthisworldandhappinessintheHereafter.Theonlywayoutforthetiredhumanityistofollowthe
wayofthegreatMessengerandhonorableProphet(peacebeuponhim).Undoubtedly,suchaconference
heldbyMuslimyouthwillyieldgoodresultsInshaaAllah(ifAllahwills)iftheyholditfortheSakeof
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)andexerttheirsincereefforts.Ifstudentsthefutureleadersare
guidedrightlytoIslamandbroughtuptoadoptthemoralswhichtheMessengerofAllahdrewforMuslims,
theywillbethecauseofhappinessoftheirUmmah(nationbasedononecreed).Theywillbeabletodriveit
tothebestapproachestospareitthewoesofdestructiveideologiesandaberrantcreedsthatundermine
nationsandkillpeople.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)endowedMuslimswiththisgreatreligionthatencompassesthegreatest
approaches,bestsystems,andfairestlaws.AllahguaranteestoguidewhoeverappliesHisShari`ahtoAl
Siratu lMustaqim(theStraightPath).Inthisregard,Allahsays: AsforthosewhostrivehardinUs(OurCause),We
willsurelyguidethemtoOurPaths(i.e.AllhsreligionIslmicMonotheism).Andverily,AllhiswiththeMuhsinn(gooddoers)."
He(GlorifiedbeHe)pointsoutthatIslamisthecauseofthelifeofheartsandnationsitisaspiritthat
giveslifetosoulsandalightthatguidesMuslims.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Ishewhowasdead
(withoutFaithbyignoranceanddisbelief)andWegavehimlife(byknowledgeandFaith)andsetforhimalight(ofBelief)wherebyhe
canwalkamongstmen?likehimwhoisinthedarkness(ofdisbelief,polytheismandhypocrisy)fromwhichhecannevercomeout?
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays:

(PartNo:6,PageNo:239)

AndthusWehavesenttoyou(OMuhammad)Ruh(aRevelation,andaMercy)ofOurCommand.Youknewnot
whatistheBook,norwhatisFaith?ButWehavemadeit(thisQurn)alightwherewithWeguidewhosoeverofOurslavesWewill.
Andverily,you(OMuhammad)areindeedguiding(mankind)totheStraightPath(i.e.AllhsReligionofIslmic
Monotheism). Peoplehaveadoptednewdeviouscreedswhichdistressedpeople,destroyedlives,bankrupted
soulsandruinedtheiradherents.Incontradictiontothis,theShari`ahofIslamprovided,hundredsofyears
ago,effectivetreatmentforallhumanityailments.ItisstillthegreatestbondthatgathersallMuslims,
regardlessoftheirhomelands,colorsandlanguages.AMuslimisthebrotherofaMuslim,without
differentiatingbetweengenerations,tribesorlanguages.AMuslimcantastethesweetnessofIslamonly
whenhebecomeswithhisMuslimbrotherlikeawallofbrickssupportingeachother.Therefore,Islam
providedthefirmestbasicsforestablishingtheidealsociety.

WehopeAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)willguideyourworktoraisethebannerofIslamhighand
makeHisWordsupreme.MayAllahgrantyoutheabilitytounderstand,stick,andcalltoHisreligionand
avoiddeviatingfromit!HeisAllHearerandEverNear.

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh

Yours

ChairmanoftheIslamicUniversityinMadinah

`AbdulAzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaz

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:240)

APieceofAdvicefortheIslamicUniversityStudentsinAlMadinahAlMunawwarah

ontheoccasionofissuing"SawtAlTalabah"Magazine

F r o m`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahibnBaztohisdearstudentsoftheIslamicUniversity,mayAllahincreasetheir
Iman(Faith)andknowledge!Amen.

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

Becauseofyourintentiontoissuethefirstissueofthemagazineentitled"SawtAlTalabah",itisapleasure
towritetoyouthisspeechsothatyoucanpublishitinthemagazine.

Oneofthemostimportanttasksissincerityinseekingknowledge,seekingitforthesakeofAllahalone,not
foranythingelse,becausethisisthewaytobenefitfromitandreachthehighestlevelsinthisworldandin
theafterlife.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, IfanyoneacquiresknowledgeofthingsbywhichAllah'sgood
pleasureissought,butacquiresitonlytogetsomeworldlyadvantage,theywillnotsmelltheodorofJannah(Paradise)ontheDayof
Resurrection. RelatedbyAbuDawudwithaSahih(authentic)Isnad(chainofnarration).Itisalsorelatedby
A lTirmidhythattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Whoeveracquiresknowledgeinordertocompetewiththe
scholars,disputewiththeignorant,orattracttheattentionofpeopletothemselveswillenterHellfire.

MyadvicetoyouandeveryMuslimwhoreadsthismagazineistobesinceretoAllahinalldeeds,according
toAllah'ssaying, SowhoeverhopesfortheMeetingwithhisLord,lethimworkrighteousnessandassociatenoneasapartnerin
theworshipofhisLord. ItisreportedintheSahihBookofMuslimthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said,
Allah(mayHebeGlorifiedandExalted)says,"IamtheOneWhoacceptsnopartnershipwhoeverdoesanactinwhichtheyassociate
anyonewithMe,IshallabandonthemwithwhomtheyassociatewithMe." IalsoadviseyouandeveryMuslimtofear
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)

(PartNo:6,PageNo:241)

andwatchHiminalltheaffairs,accordingtoAllah'ssaying, Verily,,thosewhofeartheirLordunseen(i.e.theydonot
seeHim,norHispunishmentintheHereafter),theirswillbeforgivenessandagreatreward(i.e.Paradise). He(GlorifiedbeHe)
alsosays, ButforhimwhofearsthestandingbeforehisLord,therewillbetwoGardens(i.e.inParadise). TheProphet(peace
beuponhim)toldhisSahabah(Companions), IammoresubmissivetoAllahandmoreafraidofHimthanallofyou.
`AbdullahibnMas`ud(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)said, TheultimateknowledgeistofearAllahandtheultimate
ignoranceistobedeceivedinHisMercy.

SomeoftheSalaf(righteouspredecessors)said,"TheultimateformofknowledgeisfearingAllah."Others
said,"ThemoreapersonknowsAllah,themoretheyfearHim."ThemoreaslaveknowsAllah,themore
pioustheybecome,andthemoretheyavoidAllah'sprohibitions.ThatiswhyAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)says, It
isonlythosewhohaveknowledgeamongHisslavesthatfearAllh. referringtopiety.ScholarswhoknowAllahandHis
religionaretheoneswhofearAllahmostandsticktoHisreligionbest,ontopofwhomcomethe
Messengers,Prophets,andtheirfollowersinrighteousness.ThatiswhytheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
toldusthatoneofthegoodsignsisbeingwellinformedinreligion.He(peacebeuponhim)said, IfAllah
wantstodogoodtoaperson,Hemakesthemcomprehendreligion. RelatedintheTwoSahih(authentic)Booksof
Hadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)aspartoftheHadithofMu`awiyah(mayAllahbepleasedwith
him).ThisisbecausegoodunderstandingofreligionurgesapersontoapplyAllah'sorders,fearHim,dothe
actsofworshipHeobligated,bewareofincurringHisWrath,andcallthemtoadoptnoblemanners,dogood
deedsandofferadviceforthepeople.

MayAllahgrantyou,usandalltheMuslimsgoodunderstandingofreligionandadherencetoit!MayHe
protectusallfromtheevilwithinourselvesandfromourmisdeeds!HeistheOneWhoisCapableofdoing
so.MayAllah'speaceandblessingsbeuponHisMessengerandSlave,ourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily
andCompanions!

VicePresidentoftheIslamicUniversityinAlMadinahAlMunawwarah

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:242)

APieceofAdvicetoStudentsoftheIslamicUniversityatAlMadinahAlMunawarah

AllPraisebetoAllahAlone.MaypeacebeuponHisServantswhomHehaschosen!

IrecommendsonsofthestudentsoftheIslamicuniversitytoobserveTaqwa(fearingAllahasHeshouldbe
feared)inallcases,adheretoseekingknowledge,studywellyourcurricula,listenattentivelytoyour
professors,andaskaboutanythingthatconfusesyouintheclassinapropermanner.

Amongthemostimportantmeansofacquiringknowledgeistoadjusttheintention,savetime,andputthe
acquiredknowledgeintopractice.ItisreportedinsomeAthaar(narrationsfromtheCompanionsor
followers):"Whoeveractsuponwhattheyknow,Allahwillgrantthemtheknowledgeofwhattheydonot
know."TheevidenceofthisismentionedinAllah'sBook(GlorifiedbeHe): Whileasforthosewhoacceptguidance,
Heincreasestheirguidanceandbestowsonthemtheirpiety. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: AndAllhincreasesin
guidancethosewhowalkaright. OneofthemostimportantmeansistoabidebyTaqwaandbewareofsins.Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)says: AndwhosoeverfearsAllhandkeepshisdutytoHim,Hewillmakeawayforhimtogetout(fromevery
difficulty). AndHewillprovidehimfrom(sources)henevercouldimagine.

Thewayoutofignoranceisoneofthemostimportantoutletsandknowledgeisoneofthebestmeansof
sustenanceresultingfromTaqwa.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Oyouwhobelieve!IfyouobeyandfearAllh,Hewill
grantyouFurqn[(acriteriontojudgebetweenrightandwrong),or(Makhraj,i.e.awayforyoutogetoutfromeverydifficulty)]
However,thebestofthatwhichwassaidregardingtheinterpretationoftheword"Furqan"isthatitoccurs
totheservantbyvirtueofthelightofknowledgewithwhichonecandiscriminatebetweentruthand
falsehood.

Whereastheeffectofcommittingsinsonbeingdeprivedofusefulknowledgeisknownbytextsandreality
accordingtowhatAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Andwhateverofmisfortunebefallsyou,itisbecauseofwhatyourhands
haveearned.AndHepardonsmuch.(SeetheQurnVerse35:45). Thereisnodoubtthatthedeprivationofuseful
knowledgeisoneofthegreatestadversities,foritismentionedintheProphet's(peacebeuponhim)
Hadith:

(PartNo:6,PageNo:243)

Apersonbecomesdeprivedofsustenancebydintofthesintheycommit. OnceAlShafi`ysatinfrontofMalik(mayAllah
bemercifulwithbothofthem)andthelattersaidtotheformer:"IseethatAllahhasconferredsomeofHislight
uponyousodonotturnitoffbycommittingsins,"orashe(mayAllahbemercifultohim)said.

AlShafi`yhadalsosaid(mayAllahbemercifultohim):

IcomplainedtoWaki`aboutmy Soheadvisedmetoabandon
badmemorization sins
Hesaid:"Youshouldknowthat andAllah'sLightcannotbe
knowledgeislight grantedtoadisobedient

IaskAllahtograntyousuccesstoacquireusefulknowledge,observerighteousdeedsandbenefitpeople
fromyou,forHeistheBestOnetobeaskedforhelp.

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

DeputyPresidentoftheIslamicUniversity,

`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaz

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:244)

Acalltoletonlyqualifiedprofessors

givelecturesintheuniversity

Thisletterisfrom`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaztothehonorableMinisterofHigherEducationShaykhHasanibn
`AbdullahAlAlShaykh,

MayAllahprotecthim!

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

Itisknownthattheuniversityoffersvariousreligiousandacademiccurriculaandtherearemanyprofessors
whoteachthesecurricula.Someofthemareoriginallyfromothercountriesandareraisedoncertain
unacceptableideas.Itistheuniversitystudentswhoaremostlyaffectedbytheseideassincemostofthem
arenotequippedwithsufficientknowledgeorinsighttofacesuchdoubtfulmatters.WhenIwasinvitedby
someuniversitiestogivelectures,Irealizedthatthestudentsareindireneedofcareandyouare
responsibleforthem.

Basedonthat,Isuggestwegivethematterdueattentionbyunifyinglecturesonalluniversitiesand
stipulatingthattheyshouldbegivenbysuitableprofessorsfromthecityinwhicheachuniversityislocated.
Furthermore,whenthereisaneedforararespecialization,theuniversitymustinvitescholarsofthis
specializationeveniftheyarefromothercountriesandfacilitatetheirvisit.YourExcellencycancoordinate
thematterwiththeresponsiblereligiousauthoritiestocarryoutthismission.Moreover,itisimportantto
informdifferentuniversitiestoselecttheprofessorswhowilldeliverthelectures.IaskAllahtoblessyour
efforts,benefitothersthroughthemandguideusalltowhatpleasesHimandsetrighttheaffairsofHis
Servants!Peacebeuponyou!

Chairman

oftheDepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,Ifta',Daw`ah,andGuidance

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:245)

SomeImpressionsabouttheAcademicInstitutions

AllpraisebetoAllah,Lordoftheworlds.PeaceandblessingsbeuponthemosthonorableProphetand
Messenger,Muhammad,hisfamilyandhisCompanions!

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)showsusthemeritsofknowledgeandexhortslearningintheQur'an.Allah(Exalted
beHe)says: Allhwillexaltindegreethoseofyouwhobelieve,andthosewhohavebeengrantedknowledge. He(Exaltedbe
He)alsosays: Arethosewhoknowequaltothosewhoknownot?Itisonlymenofunderstandingwhowillremember(i.e.geta
lessonfromAllhsSignsandVerses). Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndthesesimilitudesWeputforwardformankind
butnonewillunderstandthemexceptthosewhohaveknowledge(ofAllhandHisSigns).

KnowledgeherereferstoreligiousknowledgewhichleadstoknowingAllah,HisNamesandHisAttributes,
thatHeistheonlyTruthfulDeityworthyofworshipandthatHeistheLord,theCreator,theProvider,the
DisposerofaffairsandtheGrantorofblessingstoalltheworlds.Religiousknowledgealsoleadstoknowing
Muhammad,theMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)andthatheisthefinalProphetconveyingAllah's
Shari`ah(Islamiclaw)andRevelation.Itisknowledgethatgivesinformationaboutthisreligionwithwhich
Muhammad(peacebeuponhim)wassentandwhichreachedusthroughtheQur'anandSunnah(whatever
isreportedfromtheProphet).Thisreligioncoversallaspectsofourlivessuchasbeliefs,politics,sociology,
jurisdiction,legislation,economy,andeverythingMuslimsneedintheirlivesandafterlife.

Indeed,thisisthetrueknowledgewhosebearersAllahpraises,raisesinranks,andputsamongthose
witnessesonHisOneness.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: AllhbearswitnessthatLilhaillaHuwa(nonehastherightto
beworshippedbutHe),andtheangels,andthosehavingknowledge(alsogivethiswitness)(Healways)maintainsHiscreationin
Justice.LilhaillaHuwa(nonehastherighttobeworshippedbutHe),theAllMighty,theAllWise. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)
describestheknowledgeableasthemostpiousofallpeople.He(ExaltedbeHe)says: Itisonlythosewhohave
knowledgeamongHisslavesthatfearAllh.Verily,AllhisAllMighty,OftForgiving. WhatismeanthereistruefearofAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)andontopofthosewhofearHimarethemessengersandprophets(peacebeuponthem
all).

(PartNo:6,PageNo:246)

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)tellsHisbelievingservantsthatagroupofthemshouldgoforthtolearn
andunderstandreligion.Thus,theywillhavetheinsightandlightfromAllah(ExaltedbeHe)toteachtheir
peoplereligiousrulingsandlawsandguidethemtotheRightPathbyholdingfasttothisreligionand
adheringtoit.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Ofeverytroopofthem,apartyonlyshouldgoforth,thatthey(whoareleft
behind)maygetinstructionsin(Islmic)religion,andthattheymaywarntheirpeoplewhentheyreturntothem,sothattheymay
beware(ofevil).

OneofthegreatBlessingsofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)toMuslimsintheKingdomofSaudiArabiaandinallother
MuslimcountriesarethepeoplewhodedicatethemselvestopromoteIslamduringtimesofhardship.
WhenevertheenemiesofIslamstarttotightentheirgriparoundit,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)sendssome
righteousleaders,scholars,honorablemenandsincererulerswhosupportIslam,reviveitsordainments,
spreaditsteachings,applyShari`ahandsuppressfalsehoodanditssupporters.

AllpraisebetoAllah,twoShaykhshaveappearedintheArabianPeninsulaImamMuhammadIbn`Abdul
WahhabandImamMuhammadIbnSaud(mayAllahbemercifulwiththemboth).Theygavepledgetosupport
thisreligionandweresincereintheirefforts.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)grantedthemsuccessandempowered
them.AssembliesofknowledgeandteachingstartedtospreadinMasjids(mosques)andscholarsplayed
theirroleineducatingpeopleabouttheirreligion,anditsrulingsandlaws.Fromthenon,thingswentfrom
goodtobetterandreligiousknowledgespreadalloverthekingdomandaroundtheneighboringcountries.
Manyschools,academicinstitutions,anduniversitieswereopenedindifferentSaudivillagesandcities,as
wellastheothermeansofspreadingknowledge.

Infact,theacademicinstitutionsofImamMuhammadIbnSaudIslamicUniversityhavehadahugerolein
spreading`Aqidah(creed)andShari`ahandbringingupgenerationsofMuslimsonunderstandingQur'an
anditsrulingsaswellasthesciencesoftheArabiclanguage,withwhichtheQur'anandSunnahwere
revealed.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:247)

Moreover,thefruitsoftheseinstitutionsandthegreatbenefitstheyofferareclearinouryouthsandthe
youthsofothercountriesthatopenedsimilarinstitutionsfollowingtheUniversity.IaskAllahtoguidethose
inchargetogoodnessandtoaidandhelpthemincreasetheireffortsintheseinstitutionsandnewones!

Inaddition,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)outofHisBountyguidedourrulerstoopensomeoftheseinstitutions
outsidetheKingdomofSaudiArabiatocarryoutthemissionofconveyingtheTruth,spreadingthetrue`Aqidah
freefromShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)andatheismandteachingpeople www.ircpk.com
theprinciplesofShari`ah.MayAllahguiderulerstoopenmoreoftheseinstitutionsinallMuslimcountries
andguidethoseinchargeofthemtoselectpiousandsincerescholarstoteachinandrunthem,asisthe
casenowadays.ThisisthepathofourProphet(peacebeuponhim)andthosewhofollowedhimexactly.
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Say(OMuhammad):"ThisismywayIinviteuntoAllh(i.e.totheOneness
ofAllhIslmicMonotheism)withsureknowledge,Iandwhosoeverfollowsme(alsomustinviteotherstoAllhi.e.totheOneness
ofAllhIslmicMonotheismwithsureknowledge).AndGlorifiedandExaltedbeAllh(aboveallthattheyassociateaspartnerswith
Him).AndIamnotoftheMushrikn(polytheists,pagans,idolatersanddisbelieversintheOnenessofAllhthosewhoworshipothers
alongwithAllhorsetuprivalsorpartnerstoAllh)." TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid, "Anyonewhofollowsa
(RelatedbyMuslim)ItisalsorelatedbyAl
pathtoseekknowledge,AllahwillmakethepathtoParadiseeasyforthem."
BukhariandMuslimontheauthorityofMu`awiyah(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thattheMessengerofAllah
(peacebeuponhim)said, "IfAllahwantsgoodforaperson,Hemakeshimcomprehendthereligion."

AllpraiseisduetoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)Whofacilitatedhavingtheseplaceswhichspread
knowledge.WeaskHimtoguidethoseinchargeofthemandgrantthemsuccess.Peaceandblessingsbe
uponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,hisCompanions,andhisfollowersuntiltheDayofResurrection!

Chairman

oftheDepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,Ifta',Daw`ah,andGuidance,

`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaz

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:248)

APieceofAdvicetotheShaykhsofAlQarzatHousehold

Thisletterisfrom`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaztothehonorableShaykhsandchiefsofAlQarzathousehold
Shaykh`AbbudibnSa`id,ShaykhSalimibnSa`id,ShaykhSalimBahumayd,andShaykh`AbbudibnMuhammadAlDalkh,
mayAllahguidethemalltowhatpleasesHimandreformtheirandmyaffairsinthisworldandinthe
Hereafter,Amen!

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

Toproceed,

IhavebeeninformedthatsomeMuslimbrothersareimprisonedbyyouforundertakingDa`wah(callingto
Islam),warningpeopleagainstworshipping,supplicatingto,andvowingtoAwliya'(piouspeople),callingto
destroyingdomesandanythingbuiltoverthegravesastheyareamongthemeansleadingtoFitnah
(temptation)andtoexceedingtheproperlimitsinrelationtothedead.Iwasveryannoyedtohearthis,as
wellaseveryMuslimwhoheardthenews.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)revealedtheQur'anandsentdown
MessengerMuhammadibn`Abdullah(peacebeuponhim)toinvitepeopletoworshipAllahaloneandwarn
themagainstworshipingothercreaturessuchasprophets,angels,Awliya'andothers.Indeed,the
MessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)declaredtheTruth,warnedpeopleagainstShirk(associatingothers
withAllahinHisDivinityorworship)andorderedthemtosincerelyworshipAllahalone.Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)says: AndyourLordhasdecreedthatyouworshipnonebutHim. He(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andthey
werecommandednot,butthattheyshouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebutHimAlone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim)
AndHe(ExaltedbeHe)says: AndthemosquesareforAllh(Alone):soinvokenotanyonealongwithAllh. Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: SuchisAllh,yourLordHisisthekingdom.Andthose,whomyouinvokeorcallupon
insteadofHim,ownnotevenaQitmr(thethinmembraneoverthedatestone). Ifyouinvoke(orcallupon)them,theyhearnot
yourcallandif(incase)theyweretohear,theycouldnotgrantit(yourrequest)toyou.AndontheDayofResurrection,theywill
disownyourworshippingthem.Andnonecaninformyou(OMuhammad)likeHimWhoistheAllKnower(of
everything). Hefurthersays:

(PartNo:6,PageNo:249)

Andwhoismoreastraythanonewhocallson(invokes)besidesAllh,suchaswillnotanswerhimtilltheDayofResurrection,and
whoare(even)unawareoftheircalls(invocations)tothem? Andwhenmankindaregathered(ontheDayofResurrection),they
(falsedeities)willbecometheirenemiesandwilldenytheirworshipping. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)saystotheProphet: Say
(OMuhammad):"Verily,mySalt(prayer),mysacrifice,myliving,andmydyingareforAllh,theLordofthe
Alamn(mankind,jinnandallthatexists). "Hehasnopartner.AndofthisIhavebeencommanded,andIamthefirstofthe
Muslims."

Thepart: andIamthefirstoftheMuslims. meansoneofthisnation,aseachprophetentersIslamaheadofhis


nation.Moreover,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidinaHadithSahih(authenticHadith), "Allah'srighton
HisservantsisthattheyshouldworshipHim(Alone)andshouldnotassociateotherswithHiminworship.Andtheservant'srighton
AllahisthatHeshallnevertorturethemwhoworshipnonebesidesHim." He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid, Anyonewho
dieswhilestillinvokingapartnerwithAllahwillenterHellfire. Furthermore,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said,
Allahhascursedanyonewhoslaughters(asacrifice)tootherthanAllah. AndHe(peacebeuponhim)said, "Allahcursed
theJewsandtheChristianstheymadethegravesoftheirprophetsplacesofworship.

ItisrelatedbyMusliminhisSahihBookofHadithontheauthorityofJabir(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)
that, TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)forbadetheplasteringofgraves,sittingonthem,andbuildingoverthem.
DearesteemedShaykhs!AllofthepreviousAyahs(Qur'anicverses)andHadithshowtheobligationof
worshipingAllahaloneandsincerely,thatHe(GlorifiedbeHe)istheonlyOneworthyofallactsofworship
suchasDu`a'(supplication),appealingforhelp,slaughteringanimals,vowing,prayer,Sawm(Fast)and
otheractsofworship,andthatofferingtheseactsoranyofthemtoanyoneotherthanAllahisShirk.
Furthermore,theHadithprovesthatitisnotpermissibletobuildplacesofworshiporanybuildingoverthe
gravesortoplasterthem.Thesedeedsmayleadtoexceedingtheproperlimitsregardingthedeadandto
worshippingthemapartfromAllah,assomeignorantpeopledo.Bearingallthatinmind,itisyourroleto
aid,support,andprotecttheDu`ah(callerstoIslam)againsttheirenemies,asthisisamonghelpinginthe
CauseofAllahandpracticingJihad(strivingintheCauseofAllah).Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says:
Oyouwhobelieve!Ifyouhelp(inthecauseof)Allh,Hewillhelpyou,andmakeyourfootholdfirm. He(ExaltedbeHe)says:
Verily,AllhwillhelpthosewhohelpHis(Cause).Truly,AllhisAllStrong,AllMighty. Those(Muslimrulers)who,ifWegivethem
powerintheland,(they)enjoinIqamatasSalt[i.e.toperformthefivecompulsorycongregationalSalt(prayers)(themalesin
mosques)],topaytheZaktandtheyenjoinAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbidAl
Munkar(i.e.disbelief,polytheismandallthatIslmhasforbidden)[i.e.theymaketheQurnasthelawoftheircountryinallthe
spheresoflife].AndwithAllhreststheendof(all)matters(ofcreatures).

(PartNo:6,PageNo:250)

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, "Anyoneofyouwhoseesanevilaction,letthemchangeitwiththeirhandandif www.ircpk.com


theyarenotabletodothis,thenwiththeirtongueandiftheyarenotabletodothis,thenwiththeirheartandthatistheweakestof
faith." Infact,thegreatestevilisShirkandallthewaysleadingtoit,thenBid`ahs(innovationsinreligion)
andmisdeeds.ItisyourdutytoforbidthatwhichAllahhasforbiddenandtoenjointhatwhichAllahandHis
Messengerhaveenjoined.Thisisthewaytoachievehappiness,safety,prideandhonorinthisworldandin
theHereafter.MayAllahletusallbeamongthesupportersoftheTruth,thecallerstoguidance,andthose
guidedandguiding,forHeisAllHearingandResponsive!

IhopeyouwilltaketheinitiativeandintercedewiththeauthoritiestosetthoseDu`ahfree,iftheyaretruly
imprisoned.SparenoefforttohelpanyoneundertakingDa`wahtotruepureIslamandwarningagainst
Shirk,superstitions,andBid`ahsprohibitedandfoughtbyIslam.IfHowever,youhavesomedoubts,
conveythemtometobeabletoclarifythematterandpresentevidencefromtheQur'anandHadith
reportedfromtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)oracknowledgethemistake.Thisisbecauseour
mainaimistopresentandinvitetotheTruthwithwhichAllahhassentMuhammadandtoshowfalsehood
andwarnpeopleagainstit,asAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Invite(mankind,OMuhammad)tothe
WayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivineRevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewiththemin
awaythatisbetter. He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Say(OMuhammad):"ThisismywayIinviteunto
Allh(i.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism)withsureknowledge,Iandwhosoeverfollowsme(alsomustinviteothersto
Allhi.e.totheOnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheismwithsureknowledge).AndGlorifiedandExaltedbeAllh(aboveallthatthey
associateaspartnerswithHim).AndIamnotoftheMushrikn(polytheists,pagans,idolatersanddisbelieversintheOnenessof
AllhthosewhoworshipothersalongwithAllhorsetuprivalsorpartnerstoAllh)." IaskAllahtopurifyourheartsand
fillthemwithHisAweandLoveandtheloveofHisMessengerandbelievingservants,whichisfreefrom
Shirkandsuperstitions.MayAllahguideustoHisRightPath,forHeisPowerfulovereverything!

A ssalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!).
PeaceandblessingsbeuponAllah'sServantandMessenger,ourImamandmaster,Muhammadibn
`Abdullah,hisfamily,andhisCompanions!

DeputyChairmanoftheIslamicUniversityofAlMadinahAlMunawwarah

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:251)

CopyingtheDivineCharacteristics

From`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaztothehonorablebrotherShaykh:`A.S.H.mayAllahprotect
him!

A ssalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbe
uponyou!)

Tocommence:

Ireceivedyournobleletterdated23/3/1386A.H.,mayAllahguideyou!Itincludedaquestion
regardingwhataKhatib(preacher)mentionedintheFridayKhutbah(sermon)onurging
MuslimstoacquireAllah'sAttributesandCharacteristics.Isthisacceptable?Wasthis
acknowledgedbyanynotablescholar?

Answer:Thisexpressionisimproper,butithasatruemeaning,whichisurgingpeopletoacquirethegood
meaningsoftheNamesandAttributesofAllahwhichbefitthem,notthosepeculiartoAllah(Glorifiedbe
He)suchastheCreator,theSustainerandtheGod.Suchcharacteristicscannotbeacquiredbyhuman
beings,anditisimpermissibleforpeopletoclaimthem.ThesameappliestosimilarNames.However,
MuslimscanacquiretheAttributeswhichAllahlikesHisServantstoacquire,suchasbeingknowledgeable,
powerful,merciful,patient,generous,forgiving,etc.He(GlorifiedbeHe)isKnowledgeableandHelikes
knowledgeablepeopleHeisPowerfulandHelikespowerfulpeoplemorethantheweakHeisGenerous
andHelikesthegenerousHeisMercifulandHelikesthemercifulHeisForgivingandHelikesthe
forgiving.However,Allah'sAttributesareincomparable,greaterandmoreperfectthanthoseacquiredby
people,asthereisnothinglikeHim(GlorifiedbeHe)inHisAttributesandActions,justasthereisnothing
likeHiminHisEntity.ApersoncanonlyhaveashareofthemeaningoftheseAttributesthatbefitsthemin
aShar`y(Islamiclegal)way.Accordingly,ifapersonbecomestoogenerous,theyareconsidered
spendthrifts.Iftheybecometoomerciful,theywillhindertheexecutionofHudud(pl.ofHadi.e.an
ordainedpunishmentforviolatingAllahsLaw)andTa`zir(discretionarypunishment).Iftheybecometoo
forgiving,theywillshowforgivenesswhenitshouldnotbeshown.Theforegoingwasstatedbythe
prominentscholarIbnAlQayyim(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)inhistwobooksentitled`UddatAlSabirin
andAlWabilAlSayyib.HemighthavealsomentioneditinotherbookssuchasAlMadarij,ZadAlMa`ad,
andothers.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:252)

Followingarehisexactwordsonthisregardinthetwobooksmentionedabove.

I n A l`Uddahp.310,hesaid:"AsAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)istheThankfulOneinreality,themostbelovedto
HimamongHiscreaturesarethethankful,andthemosthatedtoHimarethosewhoacquiretheopposite
trait.ThisexamplealsoappliestotherestofAllah'sMostBeautifulNames.AllahthusdeteststheKafir
(disbelievers),theoppressor,theignorant,thecruel,themiser,thecoward,andthehumiliated.He
(GlorifiedbeHe)isGracefulandHelovesgraceHeisKnowledgeableandHelovesknowledgeHeis
MercifulandHelovesmercyHeisBountifulandHelovesBountyHeisConcealingandHeloves
concealmentHeisPowerfulandHehatesweakness,foraMu'min(believer)ofstrongfaithisnearertoHim
thanaweakoneHeisForgivingandHelovesforgivenessandHeisOdd(One)andHelovesoddnumbers.
AnythingHelovesisoneofthemeaningsofHisNamesandTraitsandanythingHedetestsistheir
opposite."

ImamIbnAlQayyimsaidin(p.543)oftheHadithCollectionofAlWabilAlSayyibGenerosityisoneofthe
AttributesofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)HegivesanddoesnottakeHefeedsandisnotfedandHeistheMost
GenerousOne.ThemostbelovedtoHimiswhoeveracquiresthesametraitsHeisGenerousandHeloves
thegenerousHeisKnowledgeableandHelovestheknowledgeableHeisPowerfulandHelovesthe
courageousandHeisBeautifulandHelovesbeauty.Endofquote.

Ihopethatwhatwehavementionedissufficient.MayAllahguideusalltounderstandHisreligionandfulfill
Hisrights.HeisAllHearer,EverNear.Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,
Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

DeputyPresidentoftheIslamicUniversity

www.ircpk.com

RulingonapersonwhomocksattheGreat

Prophet(peacebeuponhim),

insultsorbelittleshim,ormakeslawfulwhatheforbids

(PartNo:6,PageNo:253)

IntheNameofAllah,andpeaceandblessingsbeuponHisMessenger.

IhavereadwhathasbeenpublishedbySawtAlIslamnewspaper,whichisissuedinCairo,regardingtheAl
Masa'Egyptiannewspaperissuedinthe29thoflastJanuary,whichdegradedtheProphet'sgreatrank(peace
beuponhim)byfiguringhimintheshapeofameanrooster.NoMuslimcandoubtthatsuchanactisan
openKufr(disbelief),anunconcealedatheism,andexplicitscornofthehighpositionofourProphet(peace
beuponhim)themasteroftheformerandthelaterpeoplesandtheleaderofthepeopleofwhitefaces,
arms,andlegs(asMuslimswillappearontheDayofResurrectionbecauseofmakingablution).Such
slandersaddenseveryMuslimandmakestheirheartsbleed.Ontheotherhand,whoeverindulgesinsuch
abuseorispleasedwithitisdisgraced,cursedbyAllah,andliabletobepunishedeternallyinHellfire.Such
apersonwillreceivethewrathofAllah,theAlmightyandOmnipotent,andisregardedasgoingoutthefold
ofIslamtothefoldofShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship),hypocrisy,andKufr.
Moreover,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: "WasitatAllh(),andHisAyt(proofs,evidence,verses,lessons,signs,
revelations)andHisMessenger()thatyouweremocking?" Makenoexcuseyoudisbelievedafteryouhad
believed. TheforegoingAyahs(Qur'anicverses)oftheHolyQur'anconstituteanexplicittextandadecisive
proofthatwhoevermocksatAllah(ExaltedbeHe),HishonorableMessenger,orHisplainBook(theQur'an)
isaKafir(disbeliever).

MuslimscholarsofalltimesandplacesagreedthatwhoevermocksatAllah(mayHeExalted),HisMessenger
(peacebeuponhim),theQur'an,oranymatteroftheDin(religion)isaKafir.TheyagreedthataMuslim
whodoesanyoftheforegoingact,becomesanapostatethatmustbekilled.ThisisbecausetheMessenger
ofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said: Whoever(aMuslim)discardshisDinshouldbekilled.

AnotherconclusiveprooffortheKufrofwhoevermocksatAllah(ExaltedbeHe),theMessenger(peacebe
uponhim),ortheQur'anisthatmockeryisdegradinganddisdainingsomethingorsomepersonwhileAllah
(GlorifiedbeHe)hasfullPerfection,theQur'anistheWordofAllahandAllah'sWordisoneofthe
characteristicsofHisPerfection,andHisMessengerMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)isthemostperfectof
allAllah'screatures,theirmaster,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:254)

thesealofallmessengers,andtheclosestandmostbelovedslavetoAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Consequently,
whoevermocksatAllah(ExaltedbeHe),HisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),theQur'an,oranymatterof
Allah'sDindisdainswhattheymockat.SuchanactisaplainKufr,clearhypocrisy,showinghostilityto
Allah,theLordofthewholeuniverse,andKufrofHistrustworthyMessenger.

Furthermore,morethanonescholarconveyedtheunanimousagreementofMuslimscholarsthatwhoever
insultsordegradestheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)isaKafirthatshouldbekilled.

Im amAbuBakribnAlMundhir(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)said:"Allscholarsunanimouslyagreedthatthe
Had(ordainedpunishmentforviolatingAllahsLaw)ofwhoeverinsultstheProphet(peacebeuponhim)is
death.ThisviewhasbeenheldbyMalik,AlLayth,Ahmad,andIshaqanditistheviewoftheMadhhab(Schoolof
Jurisprudence)ofAlShafi`y.

Thus,allscholarsagreethatitisWajib(obligatory)tokillapersonwhoinsultstheProphet(peacebeupon
him).

Undoubtedly,therearemanyformsofinsulthowever,mockingattheProphet(peacebeuponhim),
degradinghim,orlikeninghimtoabaseanimalisoneoftheworstkindsofinsultanddispraise.Whoever
doessoisaKafirandtheirsoulandwealtharelawful.

A lQ a d i`Iyad(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)said:"TheMuslimUmmah(nation)hasunanimouslyagreed
thatwhoeverdegradesorinsultstheProphet(peacebeuponhim)isaKafir."

Inaddition,MuhammadibnSahnun,whoisoneoftheleadingscholarsoftheMalikischoolofthought,said:"Scholars
agreedthatwhoeverinsultstheProphet(peacebeuponhim)ordegradeshimisaKafir.Thosepeopleare
liabletotheeternalpunishmentintheHereafterwhiletheirrulinghereistobekilledaccordingtothe
consensusofallMuslims.Moreover,whoeverdoubtsthatsuchpeopleareKafirs(disbelievers)orthatthey
mustbepunishedisaKafiraswell."

Similarly,Shaykhu lIslamAbuAl`AbbasibnTaymiyyah(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)saidinhisbook(Al
www.ircpk.com
SarimAlMaslul`AlaShatimAlRasul),afterconveyingthescholars'viewsonwhoevercursesanddegrades
theMessenger(peacebeuponhim):"Tosummarize,suchacttakesthepersonwhodoesitoutsidethefold
ofIslam(incasethattheyusedtobeMuslims)andscholarsagreedthattheymustbekilled.Theforegoing
istheMadhhab(SchoolofJurisprudence)oftheFourImams(AbuHanifah,Malik,AlShafi`y,andAhmad)
andotherscholars."Moreover,Hanbalsaid:"IheardAbu`Abdullahsaying:"Whoevercursesordegradesthe
MessengerwhethertheyusedtobeMuslimsorKafirsmustbekilledanditismyviewthattheymustbe
executedwithoutfirstbeinggiventhechancetoavoidthepunishmentbymakingTawbah(repentanceto
Allah)."

(PartNo:6,PageNo:255)

Scholarshadmanyotherstatementsinthisregardandwhatwehavementionedaboveissufficientfor
whoeverseeksthetruth.

However,theCaironewspaper:SawtAlIslam,succeededinrepellingsuchaggressionagainsttheDin,
horriblecrime,andrepulsiveabominationthatwerecommittedbytheEgyptiannewspaperAlMasa'against
theProphet(peacebeuponhim)andShari`ah(Islamiclaw).Suchadvocacywaswrittenbytheeditorin
chiefofSawtAlIslamnewspaperShaykhMuhammad`AtiyyahKhamis.TheeminentShaykhdidverywellby
condemningtheexplicitKufrandshamelessmockerythatwasmadebyAlMasa'newspaperagainstthe
masterofalltheslavesofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andthebestofallthemessengers.TheShaykhalso
objectedtotherulerandauthoritiesofEgyptandaskedthemtoputanendtosuchFitnah(trial).

Let'squotesomeofwhatShaykhMuhammad`AtiyyahKhamis(mayAllahgranthimsuccess)mentioned
afterwardingoffrepugnantessaysthatsomemercenarynewspaperswrote:

Thus,nowonderthatajournalistfromAlMasa'newspaperdaredtomakeanindirectreferencetothe
MessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)inacaricatureforamanwithabodyofaroosterandwriteunder
it:"Oguy,thisiseffendiMuhammadwhohasninewives"[AlMasa`newspaper,January29].Thismalicious
journalistandpeoplelikehimpublishandspreadthiscaricaturethatmakesaninnuendoagainstthe
MessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)andShari`ah.

WhohadninewivesapartfromtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)?Howcanthedeteriorationof
ourconditionreachtheextentthatsuchacaricatureispublishedbyadailynewspaperthatisissuedunder
thesupervisionofthenationalunion?HowcanmockeryattheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)
reachtheextentthatheiscalled"EffendiMuhammad"?Whydidthewriterorthecaricaturistchoosethevery
nameofMuhammadbutnot`Aly,Sa`ied,andsoon?Whydidthewritermentionthespecificnumberof
ninewivesnotseven,ten,twelve,andsoon?Thewickedintentionofthecaricaturistisobvious.The
caricaturegivesonlyoneindicationandthusthecaricaturistmustnotbeexcused.

IfsuchacaricaturehadbeenpublishedbyanyBritish,American,French,orevenIsraelinewspaperthe
wholeMuslimworldwouldhaveflaredupandcombatedforcefullysuchdefamation.Onthecontrary,when
acaricaturelikethisispublishedbyoneofthenewspapersofourUmmaheveryoneseemsunconcerned
andnopositivestanceistaken.Sadly,theconcernedcaricaturewaspublishedbyourpressatatimewhen
ourenemiescaregreatlyfor

(PartNo:6,PageNo:256)

thefeelingsofMuslims.AmericaandItalywanttoproduceafilmabouttheMessengerofAllah(peacebeupon
him)andtheyfirstreferredtotheGrandShaykhofAlAzharandtheArabLeaguetoconsultthemandmake
surethattheyagreetothescenariooftheconcernedfilm,itsdialogues,andsoon.Itisnoteworthythatthey
wereabletoproducethefilmwithoutconsultingMuslimsandinawaythatconformswiththeirhostile
attitudeagainstus.Thus,let'scomparethewayourenemydealswithIslamandthewaysomeofthosewho
belongtoourUmmahdo.

WhenshallthosewhoareinchargeofthepressofourUmmahstopsuchfoolishness?Whenshallwe,the
Muslims,actpositively?ArewegoingtowaituntilsuchbetrayersexplicitlycurseourMessenger(peacebe
uponhim)aftercursinghimimplicitly?ArewegoingtowaituntilpeoplemockatIslamopenlyinthe
streets?ByAllah,itisablackFitnahthatthoseignorantmercenarieshavestartedandthiswillleadtogross
dangerifitisnotrepelled.Infact,wewillnolongerbenegativeaftersuchexcessinfightingIslamand
moralityandinmakingindirectwickedreferencetotheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)andhis
Shari`ah.Verily,theMuslimUmmahisstillproudofitsDinandhonorsitsMessenger(peacebeuponhim).
Thus,letsuchimpudentmediapeopledowhatevertheylikebutwewillnotremainmerebystanders.

Islamisouroneandonlyhomeland.Islamisourlifeandsoulandwecannotdispensewithit.Islamisour
bestprovisionwithoutwhichfoodanddrinkareofnovalue.Forus,Islamiseverythinginthisvast
universe.IamspeakinginthenameofmorethantwentymillionMuslimslivinginEgypt.Wearewaitingfor
anofficialstatementtobeissuedbythenationaluniontellingusaboutthemeasuresthatittookagainstAl
Masa'newspaper,itscaricaturists,thosewhoareinchargeofit,andwithourpressgenerallysothatweare
untroubledwithregardtoourDin.AllahuAkbar(AllahistheGreatest)andgloryisonlyforHim,His
Messenger,andthebelievers.

ThesewerethewordsofShaykhMuhammad`AtiyyahKhamiswhodidwell,benefitedMuslims,andproclaimed
thetruthopenly.MayAllah(ExaltedbeHe)rewardhimwiththebestandincreasehiminguidanceand
success!MayAllahhelpmanyMuslimsdothesameandannouncethetruthplainlyinfrontofbaseand
unjustpeople!AllpraisebetoAllahAlone,WhomakessomepeopleinEgyptspeakthetruthandrefutethe
allegationsofthosewhodeviatefromit.ThissignifiesthatourMuslimUmmahstillhastruthfulandhonest www.ircpk.com
menandthisisundoubtedlyasignofAllah'sprotectiontoHisDin(religion)andHislastProphetandmaster
ofthechosenones,Muhammad(peacebeuponhim).Indeed,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)toldinHisGlorious
BookthatHisenemiesoftheKafirs(disbelievers)andthehypocriteswillmockatthemessengers

(PartNo:6,PageNo:257)

andthebelieversandlaughatthem.ItisnotstrangethatthosewhoareinchargeofAlMasa'newspaper
followtheevilanddispraisedwayoftheirleadersoftheKafirsandthehypocrites. Havethey(thepeopleofthe
past)transmittedthissayingtothese(Quraishpagans)?Nay,theyarethemselvesapeopletransgressingbeyondbounds(indisbelief)!
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Verily,(duringtheworldlylife)thosewhocommittedcrimesusedtolaugh
untiltheendofthe
atthosewhobelieved. And,whenevertheypassedbythem,usedtowinkonetoanother(inmockery).
concernedAyahs.Moreover,He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: VerilytherewasapartyofMyslaves,whoused
tosay:"OurLord!Webelieve,soforgiveus,andhavemercyonus,forYouaretheBestofallwhoshowmercy!" Butyoutookthem
foralaughingstock,somuchsothattheymadeyouforgetMyRemembrancewhileyouusedtolaughatthem! VerilyIhave
Inaddition,He(Glorifiedand
rewardedthemthisDayfortheirpatience:theyareindeedtheonesthataresuccessful.
ExaltedbeHe)saysregardingProphetNuh(Noah,peacebeuponhim)andhispeople: Andashewas
constructingtheship,wheneverthechiefsofhispeoplepassedbyhim,theymockedathim.Hesaid:"Ifyoumockatus,sodowe
mockatyoulikewiseforyourmocking. "Andyouwillknowwhoitisonwhomwillcomeatormentthatwillcoverhimwithdisgrace
andonwhomwillfallalastingtorment." He(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Thosewhodefamesuchofthebelieverswhogive
charity(inAllhsCause)voluntarily,andsuchwhocouldnotfindtogivecharity(inAllhsCause)exceptwhatisavailabletothem
sotheymockatthem(believers)Allhwillthrowbacktheirmockeryonthem,andtheyshallhaveapainfultorment.

TheforegoingMuhkamatverses(clearlydecidedQuranicverses,mostlyconcerninglegalrulings)andclear
proofsproveplainlythatmockingmessengersandbelieversisoneofthecharacteristicsoftheKafirs,
hypocrites,andMushriks(peoplewhoassociateotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship).Itisa
manifestationofsuchpeople'sunconcealedenmitytowardIslam.

Unfortunately,itseemsthatsomeofthosewhoarecurrentlyinchargeofCaironewspaperscopythemanners
oftheKafirsandhypocritesandhavefollowedtheirwayandthus,theywillbeliabletobejudgedasKafirs
andhypocritesarejudgedbytheQur'an,foritisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeupon
him)said: Whoevercopiesanypeopleisoneofthem. AnyonewhohastheleastknowledgeofDinwillneverdoubt
thatwhoeverlikenstheProphet(peacebeuponhim)toanybaseanimaldefamesanddegradestheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)andthatwhoeverdoessoorispleasedwithitwhetheraruler,ajournalist,andsoon,
isanatheistKafirwhosesoulandwealtharelawful.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:258)

ThereisanimportantpointthatwehavetodrawattentiontowhydidAlMasa'newspaperlikentheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)toaroosterapartfromallotheranimals?Thereasonisobviousforwhoever
contemplatesthematter.Itisrepudiatinghisprophecy,denyinghismessage,andaccusingtheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)thathewasalustfulpersonwhohadnoconcernbuttosatisfyhissexualdesire.Allthe
foregoingisexcessiveKufrandexaggerationinridiculingandscorningourgreatandnobleProphet(peace
beuponhim).MayAllahcursethosewhodegradehim(peacebeuponhim)oraccusehimofanything
alongwiththosewhoareinchargeoftheCaironewspaperofAlMasa'whoarepleasedwithsuchmockery.
Howheinousisthefalsehoodtheyclaimedandhowdisgracefulisthederisiontheyhaveindulgedin!Itis
worthmentioningthatAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)protectedHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)againstthe
allegationsthatthecalumniatorsandliarsaccusedhimof.He(peacebeuponhim)wasthemostchasteof
allpeople,themostsinceretoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisslavesandthepersonofthehighestrankand
noblestcharacter.He(peacebeuponhim)wasthemostdutifulpersontoAllah,theonewhoconveyed
Allah'smessageinthebestmanner,thepersonwhofearedAllahthemost,andthefarthestfromallthat
mightotherwiseaffecthisdignityorslowthecompletionofhistaskofmakingJihad(fighting/strivinginthe
CauseofAllah)andconveyingthemessageofIslam.Nevertheless,ProphetMuhammad(peacebeupon
him)gotmarriedtoanumberofwivesasthiswasthewayoftheothermessengers,whoprecededhimas
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: AndindeedWesentMessengersbeforeyou(OMuhammad)andmadefor
themwivesandoffspring.

Infact,therearemanysignificantinterestsandgoodreasonsbehindtheProphet'smarriagetoninewives
suchaskeepingthesewiveschasteandbeingkindtothem.Oneotherreasoninthisregardwastoenable
theseladiestolearntheprinciplesandrulingsofShari`ahfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andteach
themtopeopleaftertheProphet'sdeathwhichactuallyhappenedasbothmaleandfemaleMuslimsusedto
askthemothersofthebelievers(Prophet'swives)abouttheProphet'slife,hischaracteristics,anddoings
insideandoutsidehishouses.ThisencouragedtheincreaseofwrittenworksonIslamandurgedMuslimsto
helponeanotherinrighteousnessandpiety.Ontheotherhand,theProphet'smarriagetoninewiveshelped
inconveyingtheQur'anandSunnahandspreadingtheknowledgeofIslamthroughtheProphet'sinlaws
andtheirrelativeswhobelongedtodifferenttribes.Moreover,theProphet'smarriagetoninewiveswasa
sourceofhiscomfortanddelight,forAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)madewomenandperfumebelovedtohim
(peacebeuponhim)andmadeSalah(Prayer)themostbelovedthingtotheProphetandthus,he(peacebe
uponhim)saidinanauthenticHadith: Lifeisbutapassingenjoymentbutthebestthereofisthepiouswife. Menare
naturallyinclinedtowomenwhomAllah(ExaltedbeHe)makesthemasourceofreposeandkindness.
Thus,wereadintheQur'an:

(PartNo:6,PageNo:259)

AndamongHisSignsisthis,thatHecreatedforyouwivesfromamongyourselves,thatyoumayfindreposeinthem,andHehas
putbetweenyouaffectionandmercy.Verily,inthatareindeedsignsforapeoplewhoreflect. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)bestowed www.ircpk.com
uponHisProphet(peacebeuponhim)theperfectionofmanhoodandtheabilitytofulfillhiswives'rightsin
amannerthatwasnotbestoweduponmanyofthosewhoprecededhim(peacebeuponhim).Thisisnot
strangewithregardtotheprophets(peacebeuponthemall),fortheyarethemostperfectofmen,themost
chasteofhumankind,andtheyfulfilledtherightsofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andthoseofHisslavesinthebest
manner.

SinceprophetsDawud(David,peacebeuponhim)andhissonSulayman(Solomon,peacebeuponhim)
weremarriedtomanywivesandAllah(ExaltedbeHe)enabledthemtofulfilltheirsexualduties,howcana
personwonderatourProphet'smarriagetoninewiveswhilehe(peacebeuponhim)isbetterandofa
higherrankinthesightofAllahthanthetwoprophetsmentionedabove,nottomentionthevarious
intereststhatresultedfromsuchmarriagesandthatworkedforthegoodnessandgeneralbenefitofthe
Ummah(nation).Furthermore,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)distinguishedtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)with
greatqualitiesandnoblecharacteristics.Thus,He(GlorifiedbeHe)senttheProphet(peacebeuponhim)to
allmankind,madehimamercytothewholeuniverse,madetheProphetclosetoHim,asHemadeprophet
Ibrahim(Abraham,peacebeuponhim)andso,raisedhisgradeinJannah(Paradise)bygivinghimAl
Wasilah(themostsuperiordegreeinParadise),madehimthemasterofallthechildrenofAdam,andgave
h i m A lMaqamAlMahmud(astationofpraiseandglory)andthegreatShafa`ah(intercession)ontheDay
ofResurrection.He(ExaltedbeHe)helpedHisProphet(peacebeuponhim)bycastingterror(intheheart
oftheenemy)foronemonth'sdistance,openedhisbreastforhim,forgavehissins,removedfromhimhis
burden,andraisedhighhisfamesowheneverAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)ismentionedhe(peacebeuponhim)
isalsomentionedasinFridaysermons,Tashahhud(arecitationinthesittingpositioninthesecond/lastunit
ofPrayer),Iqamah(calltostartthePrayer),andAdhan(calltoPrayer).

TherearemanyothermeritsandgoodtraitsoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim),sohowisitthatthose
whoareinchargeoftheAlMasa'EgyptiannewspaperdaretomockattheProphet(peacebeuponhim),
degradehim,andlikenhimtooneofthelowestanimals!GlorifiedbeAllahhowgreatisHisEsteem!Allah
istheGreatest,howampleisHisForbearance!He(ExaltedbeHe)says: ThusdoesAllhsealuptheheartsofthose
whoknownot[theproofsandevidenceoftheOnenessofAllhi.e.thosewhotrynottounderstandtruefactsthatwhichyou
(Muhammad)havebroughttothem]. Nevertheless,itisnotstrangethatthisoffenseofplainKufr,
unconcealedhypocrisy,andexplicitmockeryatthemosthonorableofAllah'sslavesbywhomAllahtakesHis
slavesfromdarknesstolight,iscommittedbyimpudentanddissolutenewspapersthatareconsidered
agentsofKufrandatheismandplatformsofinjustice,transgression,fightingofvirtues,andcallingtovice.It
isnotstrangethatsuchacrimeiscommittedbythosewhoareinchargeofCaironewspaperswhosold
themselvestoSatan,turnedawayfromwhathasbeenconveyedbythemessengersandexplainedbythe
Qur'an,andcaredforthePharaohs,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:260)

theatheists,andtheChristians.SuchpeopleallocatedsomeoftheirnewspaperstofightIslam,obliterateits
greatrituals,andmisguideandconfusepeopleofweakinsightsandfoolishminds.

Moreover,Caironewspaperscommittedmanyothercrimes,shamefulacts,Mukaffirat(majorsinswhose
perpetrationleadtodisbelief),andcontradictedIslam.ManyofsuchnewspaperscalledtohereticSocialism
andCommunismthatimplyoppressingtheslavesofAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Theymisguidedandconfused
peoplebyclaimingthatSocialismandCommunismconformtoIslam.Onthecontrary,suchideologiesare
againstIslamforIslammakespeople'ssouls,wealth,andlineagesunlawfultoeachother.Islamrespectsthe
wealthofindividualsandgroupsandguardsandprotectsitbycuttingthehandofthethief,killingthose
whowagewaragainstAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)anddomischiefinthe
landiftheykill,andcuttingofftheirhandsandtheirfeetontheoppositesidesiftheyonlycommittheft.I
willquoteheretheHadithofthenobleMessenger(peacebeuponhim)inwhichhesaidintheoccasionof
theFarewellHajjonthedayofDayofSacrifice(10thofDhulHijjah): Yourblood,yourpropertyandyourhonorare
assacredtooneanotherlikethesanctityofthisdayofyoursinthismonthofyoursinthistownofyours... (Agreeduponby
ImamsAlBukhariandMuslim).He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: Whoevertakesaspanoflandunjustly,hisneck
willbeencircledwithitdownsevenearthsontheDayofResurrection. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim)
A n d : WhoevermisappropriatestherightofaMuslimbytakingafalseoath,AllahwillcondemnthemtothefireofHellandwill
forbidParadiseforthem.Apersonasked:OMessengerofAllah,evenifitissomethinginsignificant?Hereplied,'Yes,evenifitisthe
twigoftheAraktree.' (RelatedbyImamMusliminhisSahih'authentic'BookofHadith).Besides,Allahsaysin
theGloriousQur'an: Oyouwhobelieve!Eatnotupyourpropertyamongyourselvesunjustlyexceptitbeatradeamongstyou,
bymutualconsent. And: Andeatupnotoneanotherspropertyunjustly(inanyillegalwaye.g.stealing,robbing,deceiving,etc.),
norgivebriberytotherulers(judgesbeforepresentingyourcases)thatyoumayknowinglyeatupapartofthepropertyofothers
sinfully. Moreover,themasterofallcreatures(ourProphet,(peacebeuponhim)narratedAllah'ssaying: O
Inaddition,he
Myservants,IhavemadeinjusticeunlawfulforMeandmadeitunlawfulforyou,sodonotwrongoneanother...
(peacebeuponhim)said: ThepropertyofaMuslimisunlawfultoothers,unless(theproperty'sownergivesit)willingly.
TherearemanyAyahs(Qur'anicverses)andHadithstothesameeffect.AllthemessengersofAllah(peace
beuponthemall)agreedintheirvariouspreviousShari`ahs(Divinelaws)thatthewealth,life,andhonorof
aMuslimmustbeprotectedexceptforajustcause.Muslimscholarsagreedonthesame.Nevertheless,
callerstoSocialismandCommunism

(PartNo:6,PageNo:261)

andtheirsupportersininjusticeandtransgressionmakepeoples'wealthandliveslawfulwithnorightreason
andabandontheQur'anandSunnah.Hadtheyconfessedtheirinjusticeandtransgression,thiswouldhave
beenalesserevilinthesightofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andthebelievers.Onthecontrary,someofthem
whileindulgingintheunconcealedinjusticeandplainKufrascribetheirMarxistpractices,communist www.ircpk.com
behavior,andatheistandKafirwaystoIslam.Theirfollowersconfuseanddeviatepeoplebyallegingthat
Islamsupportssuchfalseideologies.Verily,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe),HisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),
andDin(religion)arefreefromanysuchclaim. Mightyisthewordthatcomesoutoftheirmouths[i.e.Hebegotsonsand
daughters].Theyutternothingbutalie. , (Theyare)deaf,dumbandblind.Sotheydonotunderstand. He(GlorifiedbeHe),
theMostTruthful,alsosays: Haveyou(OMuhammad)seenhimwhohastakenashisilh(god)hisown
vaindesire?WouldyouthenbeaWakl(adisposerofhisaffairsorawatcher)overhim? Ordoyouthinkthatmostofthemhearor
Whoever
understand?Theyareonlylikecattlenay,theyareevenfartherastrayfromthePath(i.e.evenworsethancattle).
claimsthatIslamapprovesofinjustice,oppression,andassaultingthesanctityofMuslimsisadeviatedKafir,
whoisuntruthfultoAllah(ExaltedbeHe),HisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),andHisShari`ah.Likewise,
whoeverdeniesHudud(ordainedpunishmentsforviolatingAllahsLaw)suchasthatoftheftandsoon,and
claimsthatHududarenotestablishedbyShari`ahascallerstoatheismamongsttheCommunistsetc.isa
stubbornKafirbecauseoftheirdenialofAllah'ssaying: And(asfor)themalethiefandthefemalethief,cutoff(from
thewristjoint)their(right)handsasarecompenseforthatwhichtheycommitted,apunishmentbywayofexamplefromAllh.And
AllhisAllPowerful,AllW i s e . Ontheotherhand,whoeverclaimsthatMarxism/CommunismisMubah
(permissible),thatitconformstoIslam,orthatitisbetterandmoremercifulthanIslamisoneoftheworst
andmostdeviatedKafirs(disbelievers).Verily,nothingisbetterthanIslamandnojudgmentismorejust
thanthatofIslam.WhoeverascribesinjusticetoIslamdegradesitandfabricatesliesagainstit.Inthis
regard,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: ItisonlythosewhobelievenotintheAyt(proofs,evidence,verses,
lessons,signs,revelations,etc.)ofAllh,whofabricatefalsehood,anditistheywhoareliars. And: Andsaynotconcerningthat
whichyourtonguesputforthfalsely:"Thisislawfulandthisisforbidden,"soastoinventliesagainstAllh.Verily,thosewhoinvent
liesagainstAllhwillneverprosper. Apassingbriefenjoyment(willbetheirs),buttheywillhaveapainfultorment. Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)portionsoutbetweenpeopletheirlivelihoodandraisessomeofthem

(PartNo:6,PageNo:262)

aboveothersinrankssothattheiraffairsaresettled.Theirinterestsarefulfilledbyhelpingoneanother.
Theirspecialabilitiesareknown,theirricharedistinguishedfromtheirpoor,thethankfularedifferentiated
fromtheKafir,andthefaithfularedistinguishedfromtheunfaithful.Therearemanyotherreasonsand
aspectsbehindthewisdomofthevariationofpeople'slivelihoods,behavior,andminds.Thus,Allah(Exalted
beHe)sayswhilereproachingtheearlyMushriks: IsittheywhowouldportionouttheMercyofyourLord?ItisWeWho
portionoutbetweenthemtheirlivelihoodinthisworld,andWeraisedsomeofthemaboveothersinranks,sothatsomemayemploy
othersintheirwork.ButtheMercy(Paradise)ofyourLord(OMuhammad)isbetterthanthe(wealthofthis
world)whichtheyamass. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AndAllhhaspreferredsomeofyouaboveothersinwealthand
And: AnditisHeWhohasmadeyougenerationscomingaftergenerations,replacingeachotherontheearth.AndHe
properties.
HadAllah(Exaltedbe
hasraisedyouinranks,someaboveothersthatHemaytryyouinthatwhichHehasbestowedonyou.
He)givenpeoplethesamelivelihood,behavior,andmentalcapabilitytheirinterestswouldhavebeen
hindered.SuchwisdomandreasonsthatleadtorewardandpunishmentinthisworldandintheHereafter
wouldhavenotbeenknown,peoplewouldhavenotknownthemeaningsofAllah'sMostBeautifulNames
andSupremeAttributes,noonewouldhavesubmittedtoanotherandnoonewouldhaveknownthedegree
ofthemercythatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)bestowsuponthem,andnoonewouldhavebeenthankfultoAllah
astheymustbeandsoon.OnlypeoplewhobelieveinAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andtheLastDayandwhohave
trueknowledgeandgoodinsightcanrecognizeandbeguidedtoalltheforegoingnoblereasonsand
honorablewisdom.

TheadvocatesofCommunismclaimthattheyimportittohelpthepoortobecomerich.Nay,theyinfact
applyCommunismtomaketherichpoor,tousurptheirwealthunjustlyandtheyjustifythisbyclaimingthat
thisisameansofkindnesstothepoorwhilespendingsuchmoneyintheirdesires,earthlywishes,and
bestiallusts.ByimplementingCommunism,theydiminishthelivelinessofworkandstoppeopletoconsider
therightsofAllah(ExaltedbeHe),theLordofthewholeuniverse,tocompetetoattaintheinterestsoflife,
andtorebelagainsttheatheistandKafirtyrants.ThisisthestateofCommunismanditspeople.Theyenvy
peopleforwhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasgiventhemofHisBounty,daretoopposeShari`ah,dealunjustly
withpeopleandmonopolizetheirwealth,fightAllah(ExaltedbeHe)onHisearthandfailtoobeyHimoutof
theirpride.Maytheyperish!Howlost

(PartNo:6,PageNo:263)

istheirbargain!Howdespicablearethey!Thus,beware,OMuslims,oftheadvocatesofsuchFitnah,
abominableBid`ah(innovationinreligion),explicitKufr(disbelief),andenmitytoAllah,HisMessenger,and
Shari`ahsothatyoumayachievesuccess.ItisworthmentioningthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)ordainsinHis
DinlawsthatmakeusinnoneedofthedestructiveideologyofCommunismandweareenabletorepelthe
wickedplansofitsKafirvillainousfounders.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)makesitWajib(obligatory)ontherichto
payZakah(obligatorycharity).He(ExaltedbeHe)prescribedonHisslavesKaffarahs(expiations),Sadaqah
(voluntarycharities),andtheliketofulfilltheneedsofthepoorandstopinjusticetopeopleandusurping
theirwealth.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsoregardsthecommandtogiveZakahasoneofthe
pillarsofIslam.He(ExaltedbeHe)threatensseverelywhoeverrefrainsfrompayingitandpromises
whoevergivesitthathewillbepurifiedandthathiswealthwillbemultipliedandhewillbegivengreat
compensation.He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndperformAsSalt(IqmatasSalt),andgiveZaktandobey
theMessenger(Muhammad ) thatyoumayreceivemercy(fromAllh). And: AsSadaqt(hereitmeans
Zakt)areonlyfortheFuqar(poor),andAlMaskin(thepoor)andthoseemployedtocollect(thefunds),andtoattractthehearts
ofthosewhohavebeeninclined(towardsIslm),andtofreethecaptives,andforthoseindebt,andforAllhsCause(i.e.for
Mujahidnthosefightinginaholybattle),andforthewayfarer(atravellerwhoiscutofffromeverything)adutyimposedbyAllh.
AndAllhisAllKnower,AllWise. He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: TakeSadaqah(alms)fromtheirwealthin
And: andwhatsoeveryouspendofanything(inAllhsCause),Hewillreplaceit.And
ordertopurifythemandsanctifythemwithit
HeistheBestofproviders. Besides,He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: anddogood.Truly,AllhlovesAlMuhsinn
www.ircpk.com
(thegooddoers).

TherearemanyAyahstothesameeffect.Accordingly,allMuslimshavetofulfilltheirdutiestowardsthe
pooramongstthemwhilebeingcontentwithdoingso.Theyhavetobemercifulwiththepoorandbekind
tothemsoastocarryoutwhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasmadeWajibonthem,toseekHismercy,to
bewareofthewrathofAllah,andtoblockthemeanstoFitnahs(trials),corruption,Kufr,andatheism.
GivingZakahandcharitytothepoorisalsoameansofbeingthankfultoAllah(ExaltedbeHe),seeking
moreofHisbountiesandgraces,andhumiliatingtheKafirsandatheists,whothinkbadlyofIslamand
assumethatShari`ahignoresthepoorandneglectstheirrights.Verily,theirviewiswrongandtheirbargain
islostfortheywereuntruthfultoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andthus,theydeviatedfromthestraightpath.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:264)

OMuslims,fearAllah,followIslaminyourwordsanddeeds,bemercifultothepooramongstyou,and
fulfillwhateverAllahhasmadeWajibonyousuchasZakahandothersimilaractsofworship,inorderto
gainhappinessandsalvationandbesafefromAllah'swrathandpainfulpunishmentinthisworldandinthe
Hereafter.MayAllah(ExaltedbeHe)setarighttheaffairsofallMuslimsandgrantthemsound
understandingofHisDin,andguidetheirleaderstoHisStraightPath.IaskAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)toraisetheflagofJihad(fighting/strivingintheCauseofAllah),andtosubduethepeopleofShirk
(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship),Kufr(disbelief),andatheism.Verily,Allah(Exalted
beHe)isabletodowhateverHelikes.MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponHisslaveandMessenger
Muhammad,hisfamilyandCompanions!

DeputyPresidentoftheIslamicUniversity,AlMadinahAlMunawwarah

`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahibnBaz

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:265)

Adviceforwhoeverissubjectedtoevilideasandistempted

tocommitsins

F r o m`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaztothehonorablebrother:M.`A.A.Kh,mayAllahgrantyousuccess.As
salamu`Alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

Ireceivedyourletterincludingyourstatementaboutyoursufferancefromthemaliciousstatementthatsome
peoplespreadduetoyourhandsomenessandgoodphysique,andthatyoukeeprepentingofsinsand
prohibitionsthenreturnafterbeinginducedbysomeevilfriends.Youaskedmetoadviseyouabouttheway
tosetrightyourconditionandpreventyoufromreturningtosinsandprohibitions.Accordingly,Iadvise
youtoabidebythetruthandhastentomarryassoonaspossible.Youshouldalsocensurewhoevertells
youtodowhatyoustatedinyourletter.IremindyouofAllah'ssaying(ExaltedbeHe): andbepatient.Surely,
AllhiswiththosewhoareAsSbirn(thepatient). Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosaysintheaccountofLuqmantohis
son: "Omyson!AqimA sSalt(performAsSalt),enjoin(onpeople)AlMarf(IslmicMonotheismandallthatisgood),and
forbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.disbeliefintheOnenessofAllh,polytheismofallkindsandallthatisevilandbad),andbearwith
patiencewhateverbefallsyou.Verily,thesearesomeoftheimportantcommandments(orderedbyAllhwithnoexemption). Over
andabove,youshouldbewareofallprohibiteddeeds,seekAllah'ssupportinthis,askHimtograntyou
successandguidance,andabidebyTawbah(repentance)withoutanydespair.

Wealsorecommendyoutoassociatewithrighteousfriendsandtoavoidconsortingwithevilpeople.The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)said: Apersonalwaysfollowsthereligionoftheirfriendthuseachoneofyoushouldconsider
whomtheybefriend. He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: Theexampleofarighteouscompanionandaneviloneisthatofa
sellerofmuskandamanwhoworksthebellows,asthesellerofmuskwilleithergiveyousomeperfumeasapresentoryouwillbuy
somefromhim,oryouwillcatchagoodsmellfromhimbuttheonewhoworksthebellowswilleitherburnyourclothesoryouwill
catchabadsmellfromhim. AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim.IaskAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)togrant
everybodysuccessandguidethemtowardsachievingusefulknowledgeandactinguponit,aswellas
abidingbythetruth,forHeisAllHearer,MostNear.

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:266)

Advicetoendureridiculepatientlyandholdfastto

Islamicetiquettes

Thisisaletterfrom`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahibnBaztoourhonorablebrother`A.F.M.MayAllahgrantyou
success!

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

IwouldliketoinformyouthatIhavereceivedyourletterinwhichyouhavestatedtheharm,enmity,and
mockerywhichhavebefallenyoubecauseofyouradherencetotheIslamicetiquettessuchas:lettingthe
beardgrow,shorteningthegarment,lettingwomenwearNiqab(faceveil),andsoon.

IadviseyoutoadheretotheIslamicetiquettessuchasgrowingandkeepingthebeard,shorteningthe
garment,andlettingwomenwearHijab(veil)andenduringanyhardshipsassociatedwiththat,becausethis
isanactofobediencetoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).Youshouldnotbe
affectedbythecriticismandmockeryofothers.Youshouldtakethemessengers(peacebeuponthem)as
yourexamplesfortheyenduredhardshipsandconveyedthemessageoftheirLord.

Asforwhatyoumentioned,IdidnotsendatelegraphtoPresidentHosniMubaraktocongratulatehim.May
Allahguidehim,helphimtodoallthatisgood,ruleaccordingtotheIslamicShari`ah(Law),urgethe
EgyptianstoholdfasttotheIslamicteachings,anddevotealltheactsofworshiptoAllahAlone.Ialsoask
AllahtoguideallMuslimrulers,helpthemtodogood,andmakethembeneficialtoHisslavesandwardoff
theirevilfromreachingtheMuslims.MayAllahguideyoutowhatpleasesHim,blessyou,helpyoutodo
goodness,andmakeyouadheretotheTruth.HeisthebestOneaskedforhelp.Assalamu`alaykum
warahmatullahwabarakatuh!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:267)

Enjoinrightevenifthoseadvisedbecomeangry

Q:TherearesomeMuslimsistersfromAlMujamma`ahintheKingdomofSaudiArabiawho
sayintheirquestion:WhenwetrytostopthespreadofNamimah(talebearing)andGhibah
(backbiting)amongpeople,thosewhomweadvisemayinsultandbecomemadatus.Arewe
sinfulformakingthemangry,especiallyiftheyareparents?Shouldwepreventthemorforget
aboutmattersthatarenotrelatedtous?Please,advise!

A : Enjoiningrightandforbiddingwrongareofthemostimportantactsofworship,asAllah
(HemaybeGlorified)says: Thebelievers,menandwomen,areAuliy(helpers,supporters,friends,protectors)ofone
anothertheyenjoin(onthepeople)AlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmordersonetodo),andforbid(people)from
AlMunkar(i.e.polytheismanddisbeliefofallkinds,andallthatIslmhasforbidden)

So,Allah(HemaybeGlorified)explainsinthisAyahthatenjoiningrightandforbiddingwrong
areofthequalitiesofthebelievingmenandwomenwhereAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
says: You[truebelieversinIslmicMonotheism,andrealfollowersofProphetMuhammad)andhisSunnah]
arethebestofpeopleseverraisedupformankindyouenjoinAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheismandallthatIslmhasordained)and
forbidAlMunkar(polytheism,disbeliefandallthatIslmhasforbidden),andyoubelieveinAllh. TheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)said: Whoever,amongyou,seessomethingabominableshouldrectifyitwithhishandandifhehasnotstrength
enoughtodoit,thenheshoulddoitwithhistongueandifhehasnotstrengthenoughtodoit,(even)thenheshould(abhorit)from
hisheart,andthatistheleastofFaith. RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih(bookofauthenticHadiths).There
aremanyAyahsandHadithsontheobligationofenjoiningrightandforbiddingwrongthat
rebukethosewhoneglectthisduty.Itisobligatoryuponyouanduponeverybelievingman
andwomantoenjoinrightandforbidwrong,evenifthosewhomyouinvitebecomeangryor
insultyou.Indeed,observingpatienceisobligatoryastheProphets(peacebeuponthem)and
theirfollowersdid.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)addressedHisProphet(peacebeupon
him)saying: Thereforebepatient(OMuhammad ) asdidtheMessengersofstrongwill Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: andbepatient.Surely,AllhiswiththosewhoareAsSbirn(thepatient).
Allah(HemaybeGlorified)saysabout Luqman,thewise,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:268)

thathesaidtohisson: "Omyson!AqimAsSalt(performAsSalt),enjoin(onpeople)AlMarf(IslmicMonotheism
andallthatisgood),andforbid(people)fromAlMunkar(i.e.disbeliefintheOnenessofAllh,polytheismofallkindsandallthatis
evilandbad),andbearwithpatiencewhateverbefallsyou.Verily,thesearesomeoftheimportantcommandments(orderedbyAllh
withnoexemption). Nodoubt,reformingthesocietyandpreservingitsintegrityareachievedby
followingtheinstructionsofAllahandthenbyenjoiningrightandforbiddingwrong.The
neglectofenjoiningrightandforbiddingwrongisoneofthegreatestreasonsforcorrupting
thesociety,tearingitapart,andexposingittogeneralpunishment.Itisauthentically
reportedfromtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)thathesaid: Ifactsofdisobedienceare
doneamongpeopleandtheydonotchangethem,Allahwillsoonpunishthemall. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
warnedHisservantsagainstfollowingtheexampleoftheChildrenofIsraelinHissaying: Thoseamong
theChildrenofIsraelwhodisbelievedwerecursedbythetongueofDwd(David)andIs(Jesus),sonofMaryam(Mary).Thatwas
becausetheydisobeyed(AllhandtheMessengers)andwereevertransgressingbeyondbounds. Theyusednottoforbidone
anotherfromAlMunkar(wrong,evildoing,sins,polytheism,disbelief)whichtheycommitted.Vileindeedwaswhattheyusedtodo.
WeaskAllahtoguideallMuslims,rulersandsubjects,todothisdutyinthebestform,to
reformtheirconditions,andprotectallpeoplefromthecausesofHiswrath.HeistheAll
Hearer,theAllRespondent.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:269)

Awordontheoccasionofthehurricanesandfloods

inBangladesh

F r o m`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaztowhoeverreceivesthismessageamongMuslims.MayAllahguideme
andthemtorighteousdeeds!MayAllahhelpusalltodogoodandhastentospendinHisCauseandobserve
whateverisgoodtoHisServantsatalltimes,Amen.

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

AnyonewhohastheslightestideaaboutthenewsknowsaboutwhathappenedtotheMuslimsinthe
republicofBangladeshofhurricanesanddestructivefloodsresultinginthousandsofcasualtiesandextensive
destructionofmanyhousesandevacuation.Thisiscertainlyagreatcalamityandagrievousdisasterthat
necessitatesallMuslimsinallcountriestohastentorescuetheirbrothersinBangladeshtohelpthem,have
compassiontowardsthem,andsupplythemwithvarioustypesofaidsuchasmoney,food,clothes,tents,
andotherformsoffinancialsupportinaccordancewiththedirectionsoftheNobleQur'anandthepurified
Sunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet)tospendinthecauseofAllahandhelptheneedyandthe
poorbesidescooperatinginthatwhichisgood.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: BelieveinAllhandHisMessenger
(Muhammad),andspendofthatwhereofHehasmadeyoutrustees.Andsuchofyouasbelieveandspend(in
A l l hsWay),theirswillbeagreatreward. Allahalsosays: Andwhateveryouspendingood,itisforyourselves,whenyou
spendnotexceptseekingAllhsCountenance.Andwhateveryouspendingood,itwillberepaidtoyouinfull,andyoushallnotbe
wronged. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Thosewhospendtheirwealth(inAllhsCause)bynightandday,insecretand
inpublic,theyshallhavetheirrewardwiththeirLord.Onthemshallbenofear,norshalltheygrieve.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:270)

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andmarchforthintheway(whichleadsto)forgivenessfromyourLord,and
forParadiseaswideastheheavensandtheearth,preparedforAlMuttaqn(thepiousSeeV.2:2). Thosewhospend(inAllhs
TheAyahswhichemphasizethismeaningarenumerous.Moreover,itis
Cause)inprosperityandinadversity
authenticallyreportedthattheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said: WhoeverrelievesaMuslimofthe
distressesofthisworld,AllahwillrelievethemofoneofthedistressesoftheDayofResurrection.Whoevermakesthingseasierfor
onewhoissufferinghardship,AllahwillmakethingseasierfortheminthisworldandintheHereafter.WhoeverconcealsaMuslims
(faults),AllahwillconcealtheirfaultsinthisworldandintheHereafter.Allahwillsupportapersonaslongastheysupporttheir
brothers. He(peacebeuponhim)hadalsosaid: Whoeverfulfillstheneedsoftheirbrother,Allahwillfulfilltheirneeds
Furthermore,he(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: 'AMu'min(believer)toanotherMu'minislikeabuilding,partsofwhich
supportotherparts."He(peacebeuponhim)intertwinedhisfingers TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbe
uponhim)alsosays: ThelikenessoftheMu'mininintheirmutuallove,mercy,andcompassionisthatofthebody:whenpartof
itisinpain,thewholebodyjoinsitinsleeplessnessandfever TheHadithsstressingthismeaningarealsonumerous.
Accordingly,inlightofthenobleAyahsandtheauthenticHadithsthatcommandMuslimtospendinthe
CauseofAllah,assistwhoeverisinneed,andcooperatewithMuslims,IcalluponallMuslimseverywhereto
hastentohelptheirbrethreninBangladesh.Theyshouldsupporttheminrelievingtheirdistresses,alleviating
theirpains,andfulfillingsomeoftheirfinancialneeds.AllMuslimsshouldsupportandhelpthemfromthe
moneyofZakah(obligatorycharity)andothermeansoutofobediencetoAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)andHis
Messenger(peacebeuponhim).Theyhavetohastentohelpthemintheirdistressandsupportthem,
seekingthewelldeservedrewardofAllah(mayhebeGlorified)andshowingcompassion,sympathy,and
empathytotheirbrothersinBangladesh.AllahpromisedthosewhospendinHisCausetobegreatlyrewarded
andcompensatedwiththatwhichisbetter.He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: andwhatsoeveryouspendof
anything(inAllhsCause),Hewillreplaceit.AndHeistheBestofproviders. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: And
whatevergoodyousendbeforeyouforyourselves,(i.e.Nawfilnonobligatoryactsofworship:prayers,charity,fasting,Hajjand
Umrah),youwillcertainlyfinditwithAllh,betterandgreaterinreward. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Whoishethat
willlendtoAllhagoodlyloansothatHemaymultiplyittohimmanytimes? TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid,
WhoevergivescharityequaltoadatefromlawfulearningsforAllahdoesnotacceptanythingbutthatwhichislawfulAllahwill
takeitinHisrighthandandfosteritforthepersonwhohasgivenitasanyoneofyoutendstheirfoal,untilitbecomeslikeamountain
However,theAyahs

(PartNo:6,PageNo:271)

andHadithsstressingthismeaningarenumerous.TherearealsocommitteesfromtheSaudiArabian
GovernmentthatcooperatewiththeexecutivesinBangladeshtoprovidesuppliesfortheproperchannelsand
payZakahtothepeoplewhodeserveit.IaskAllahwithHisBeautifulNamesandAttributestobeGracious
toourbrethreninBangladesh.MayHeshowMercytoallinflictedpeople,givethemthegoodend,and
compensatethemforthelossestheysufferedwiththatwhichisbetter.IalsoaskHimtoadjusttheir
conditions,grantthemagoodunderstandingoftheDin(religionofIslam),andsupporttheminallwhichis
good.MayAllahgrantsuccesstoallMuslimsgovernmentsandnationseverywhere,insupportingthe
inflictedbyallmeans!MayAllahrewardtheCustodianoftheTwoHolyMosquesforsupportinghisbrothers
i nBangladeshandencouragingotherstosupportthemwiththebestreward!MayAllahguidehim,his
government,andallMuslimseverywheretoallwhichisgood!AllahistheMostGenerousandBountiful. www.ircpk.com
Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

Chairmanof

DepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,Ifta',Daw`ah,andGuidance

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:272)

ImportantQuestionsandAnswers

Q1:Whichisbetter:tocooperateovertlyorcovertly?

A : Cooperationmaybedonecovertlyorovertly,thoughitshouldbasicallybeovertlysothat
thelistenermaybenefitfromwhatissaidtohim.Cooperationandguidancerepresentpublic
adviceforthesociety.Thisistheoriginalbasis,unlessanIslamicinterestrequirescovert
advice,forfearthatsomepeoplemaybetooproudtoacceptopenpublicadvice.Inthiscase,
theadviceshouldbeinsecret.Theadvisorandguideshouldseektheappropriatewayto
deliveradviceifadvising,callingandhelpinginrighteousnessinpubliccanbenefitthe
attendantsandprovidepublicinterest,heshoulddoso.Iftheinterestrequiresproviding
adviceinsecret,heshoulddoso.Theobjectiveistoavailtheoneadvisedandthewhole
societysowhatevermeanscanachievethisisrequired,whetherinsecretorinpublic.The
advisorandcallertoAllaharelikethephysicianwhoseekstheappropriatetime,quantityand
quality.Likewise,thecallertoAllahandadvisorshouldseekwhatismostappropriateand
beneficial.

www.ircpk.com

Q2:Howcancooperationinrighteousnessandpietybeinahome,wherethefatherandolder
brotherdonotofferSalah(prayer)intheMasjid(mosque)?

A : Itismostimportantandurgenttoprovideadvice,helpandrecommendoneanotherto
sticktothetruthasmuchaspossiblewithanappropriatestyleandatanappropriatetime,if
thefather,brotheroranymemberofthefamilydoesanevilact.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says:
SokeepyourdutytoAllhandfearHimasmuchasyoucan TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: WhenI
commandyoutodoanything,doofitasmuchasyoupossiblycan. Thefather,mother,brotherolderor
youngereachhasaspecialwayoftreatmentprovidedthattheyallshouldbetreatedwith
kindnessandlenienceasmuchaspossibletoachievetherequiredaimandputanendtothis
evilpractice.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:273)

TheadvisorandcallertoAllahshouldchoosetheappropriatetimeandstyle,particularlywith
parents,sincetheyarenotlikeotherrelativestheyhaveagreatstatusandshouldbetreated
kindlyaccordingtoone'sability.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndWehaveenjoinedon
man(tobedutifulandgood)tohisparents.Hismotherborehiminweaknessandhardshipuponweaknessandhardship,andhis
weaningisintwoyearsgivethankstoMeandtoyourparents.UntoMeisthefinaldestination. Butifthey(both)strivewithyouto
makeyoujoininworshipwithMeothersthatofwhichyouhavenoknowledge,thenobeythemnotbutbehavewiththemintheworld
kindly Thisisthecasewithdisbelievingparents,whataboutMuslimones?!Ifthedisbelieving
parentsshouldbetreatedkindlybytheirson,hopingthathecouldguidethem,doingthiswith
Muslimparentsshouldbegivengreaterpriority.IfthefatherneglectsofferingSalahinthe
Masjid,ordoesanyothersinfulactsuchassmoking,shavingthebeard,Isbal(lengtheningand
trailingclothingbelowtheankles),etc.thesonshouldadvisehisfatherlenientlyandseekthe
helpoftherighteousmembersofthefamily.Thesameshouldbeobservedwiththemotheror
olderbrotheruntiltheaimisachieved.

www.ircpk.com

Q3:WhatistheremedyforrepeatingthesamesinaftermakingTawbah(repentanceto
Allah)?

A : ApersonshouldstriveagainsthissoultoadheretotheTruthandholdfasttoTawbah.
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Andwhosoeverstrives,hestrivesonlyforhimself. Allah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)alsosays: AsforthosewhostrivehardinUs(OurCause),WewillsurelyguidethemtoOurPaths
(i.e.AllhsreligionIslmicMonotheism).Andverily,AllhiswiththeMuhsinn(gooddoers)." Theverse thosewhostrive
hardinUs(OurCause) referstothosewhostriveagainsttheirsouls,aswellasagainstthe
disbelievers,thehypocrites,thedisobedientpersons,andShaytan(Satan).ThisAyah
(Qur'anicverse)includesallkindsofJihad(fighting/strivingintheCauseofAllah)including
strivingagainstone'ssoul.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)didnotspecifyanykindofJihad.Thesoul
needstoberefined,takencareof,anddirectedtopatienceandJihad.Apoetsaid,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:274)

One'sselflongsforwhata ifitisdirectedtosomething,it
personwants headstoitdesirablybutwhen
suppressed,itstops

Anotherpoetsaid,

One'sselfisalwaysdesirous butonceitisturneddown,it
whenleftunrestrained, becomessatisfied.

Anotherpoetsaid,

Yourselfislikeababywhen thedesiretobebreastfedbut
neglecteditwillgrowwith whenyouweanit,itcomplies

Thesethreepoeticversesdepictthestatusofone'ssoul.Abelievershouldstrivewithhissoul
untilitremainssteadfastontheRightPathanddoesnottrespassthelimitsbutabidesby
themconsequentlyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)willguidehimtotheRightPath.Abelieverwould
bethenfromthegooddoersaboutwhomAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Andverily,Allhiswiththe
Muhsinn(gooddoers). Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Truly,AllhiswiththosewhofearHim
(keeptheirdutyuntoHim),andthosewhoareMuhsinn(gooddoers.SeethefootenoteofV.9:120).

MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

Q4: AllahcreatedAdaminHisownimage. DoesthismeanthatallthecharacteristicsofAdamarealso


Divine?

A : ItisauthenticallyreportedfromtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)intheTwo
Sahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)thathe(peacebeuponhim)
said: AllahcreatedAdaminHisownimage InanarrationbyAhmadandsomescholarsofHadith,the
sameHadithreads: intheimageofAlRahman(theMostMerciful). InthefirstHadith,thepronounrefers
toAllah.SomescholarslikeAhmad(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim),IshaqibnRahawayhandthe
ImamsoftheSalaf(righteouspredecessors)said:"WehavetoaccepttheHadithinaway
befittingAllahwithoutTashbih(comparison),Tamthil(likeningAllah'sAttributestothoseof
HisCreation)orTa`til(denialofAllah'sAttributes).ItdoesnotnecessarilymeanthatHis
Image(GlorifiedbeHe)isliketheimageofhumanbeings.Similarly,attributingaface,hand,
fingers,feet,leg,anger,andthelikeattributesdoesnotentailthatAllah'sAttributesarelike
thoseofthehumanbeings.He(GlorifiedbeHe)isdescribedaswhatHetellsaboutHimself
andwhatHisMessengerMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)saidinaway

(PartNo:6,PageNo:275)

befittingHim,withoutbeinginsimilitudewithanyofHisCreatures.Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)says: ThereisnothinglikeHimandHeistheAllHearer,theAllSeer. Wehavetoacceptthisin
thewaythattheMessengerintendedwithoutTakyif(questioningAllah'sAttributes)or
Tamthil.ThemeaningAllahknowsbestisthatHecreatedAdaminHisImagewithaface
andabilitytohear,speak,seeanddowhateverhewants.Itisnotnecessarilythattheimage
isthesame.ThisisageneralruleaccordingtotheAhlu lSunnahwalJama`ah(those
adheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody),meaningthattheAyahs(Qur'anicverses)
andHadithsspeakingaboutDivineAttributesshouldbeacceptedastruewithoutTahrif
(distortionofthemeaning),Takyif,TamthilorTa`til.TheyconfirmHisNamesandAttributes
withoutTamthilandexaltHimabovebeingsimilartoHisCreatureswithoutTa`til,contraryto
thosewhocommitBid`ah(innovationinreligion)ofAlMu`attilah(deniersofAllah's
Attributes)andMushabihah(thosewholikenAllahsAttributestothoseofHiscreation).The
hearing,seeingandknowledgeofthecreatureisneverlikethoseofAllah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe),fornoneofHiscreaturescanbecomparedtoHim.Indeed,thereisnothing
likeHim,fortheAttributesofAllahareperfectandinfinite,withnoshortcomings.Asforthe
attributesofthecreatures,theyarefiniteandimperfect.

MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:276)

Employingwomeningovernmentaldepartments

PraisebetoAllah,theLordoftheWorlds.MaypeacebeuponHisservantandMessenger,Muhammad
(peacebeuponhim),hisfamily,Companions,andtheirfollowersuntiltheDayofJudgment.

Ireadthenewspublishedinthelocalpapersdated1/9/1400A.H.aboutthedecisiontheCivilService
BureauintheEasternProvincemadetoemploywomeningovernmentaldepartmentsastranslatorsand
clericalworkers.IalsoreadthecommentofbrotherMuhammadAhmadHassanyinAlNadwaNewspaper,dated
8/9/1400A.H.HisarticlewassincereadvicetruthfullygiventotheMuslims.MayAllahrewardandbless
him.Itiswellknownthatfemaleparticipationinworkleadstoblameworthymixingbetweenthetwosexes.
ThisisaveryseriousmatterthatleadstobitterconsequencesandgoesagainstthetextsofIslamthat
commandwomentostayathomeandcareforhouseholdaffairsawayfrommixingwithmen.Theauthentic
evidenceclearlyindicatesthatitisforbiddentobealonewithanonmahramwomanortolookatthem.It
forbidsthemeanstofallingintowhatAllahforbids.Therearesomanylegalindicationsthatdefinitively
prohibitallkindsofintermixingofthetwosexesthatmayleadtobadconsequences.

Forexample,Allahsays, Andstayinyourhouses,anddonotdisplayyourselveslikethatofthetimesofignorance,andperform
A sSalt(Iqamta sSalt),andgiveZaktandobeyAllhandHisMessenger.AllhwishesonlytoremoveArRijs(evildeedsand
sins)fromyou,Omembersofthefamily(oftheProphet),andtopurifyyouwithathoroughpurification. And
remember(OyouthemembersoftheProphetsfamily,theGracesofyourLord),thatwhichisrecitedinyourhousesoftheVersesof
AllhandAlHikmah(i.e.ProphetsSunnahlegalways,sogiveyourthankstoAllhandglorifyHisPraisesforthisQurnandthe
Sunnah).Verily,AllhisEverMostCourteous,WellAcquaintedwithallthings. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andwhen
youask(hiswives)foranythingyouwant,askthemfrombehindascreen:thatispurerforyourheartsandfortheirhearts. Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays:

(PartNo:6,PageNo:277)

OProphet!Tellyourwivesandyourdaughtersandthewomenofthebelieverstodrawtheircloaks(veils)allovertheirbodies(i.e.
screenthemselvescompletelyexcepttheeyesoroneeyetoseetheway).Thatwillbebetter,thattheyshouldbeknown(asfree
respectablewomen)soasnottobeannoyed.AndAllhisEverOftForgiving,MostMerciful. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)alsosays, Tellthebelievingmentolowertheirgaze(fromlookingatforbiddenthings),andprotecttheirprivateparts(from
illegalsexualacts).Thatispurerforthem.Verily,AllhisAllAwareofwhattheydo. Andtellthebelievingwomentolowertheir
gaze(fromlookingatforbiddenthings),andprotecttheirprivateparts(fromillegalsexualacts)andnottoshowofftheiradornment
exceptonlythatwhichisapparent(likebotheyesfornecessitytoseetheway,orouterpalmsofhandsoroneeyeordresslikeveil,
gloves,headcover,apron,etc.),andtodrawtheirveilsalloverJuybihinna(i.e.theirbodies,faces,necksandbosoms)andnotto
revealtheiradornmentexcepttotheirhusbands,ortheirfathers,ortheirhusbandsfathers TillHissaying, Andletthemnot
stamptheirfeetsoastorevealwhattheyhideoftheiradornment.AndallofyoubegAllhtoforgiveyouall,Obelievers,thatyou
maybesuccess Moreover,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Bewareofenteringuponwomenmeaningnon
mahramwomen.ApersonfromAlAnsarsaid,OMessengerofAllah,whatabouttheinlaws?Hesaid,[Theenteringof]theinlaw
[uponawomanisdestructivetoreligionlike]death[endslife]. IslamforbidsbeingalonewithanonMahramwoman
underanycircumstancesexceptwhenaMahram(spouseorunmarriageablerelative)exists.Womenarealso
prohibitedtotravelwithoutaMahram,soastowardoffthemeanstoevilandclosethedoortosin,and
protectbothpartiesfromthesnaresoftheSatan.Hence,itisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peace
beuponhim)said, Ihavenotleftbehindmegravertrialtomenthanwomen. Itisalsoauthenticallyreportedthathe
(peacebeuponhimsaid), Bewareofthisworld!Bewareofwomen,forthefallofthechildrenofIsraelbeganwiththe
temptationofwomen. He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid, Nomanshouldbealonewithawoman,forthethirdofthemis
Satan. Thus,theAyahandHadithclearlystatethatitisobligatorytostayawayfrommixingthatleadsto
evil,underminingoffamilies,anddestructionofsocieties.So,thereisnothingthatforcesustoopposethese
proofsandcommitthingsthatbringAllah'swrathandpunishment.Whenwelookatthesituationofwomen
insomeMuslimcountries,weseethattheyhavelosttheirdignitybecauseoftheirgoingoutoftheirhomes
andworkinginfieldsthatarenottheirs.Wisepeopleinthesecountriesandinthewesthavesaidthatitis
essentialforwomentogobacktotheirnaturalpositionforwhichAllahhaspreparedthemphysicallyand
mentally,butitistoolate(forthem).

(PartNo:6,PageNo:278)

TheofficialsintheCivilServiceBureauandGeneralPresidencyforGirlsEducationshouldfearAllah.They
arenottoopenadoortoevilsinMuslims'lives,especiallyifclosingthisdoorishard.Theyshouldknowthat
weadvisethiscountry,individuals,andgovernments,tohelpkeepthesocietycohesiveandsolidfollowing
theteachingsoftheQur'anandSunnah.Theyhavetoblockthemeanstoweakness,Fitnahs,andevils,
especiallyatthistimewheretheenemiessparenoefforttoruintheMuslims.Weare,now,indireneedto
Allah'ssupportandprotectionfromtheevilsandplotsoftheenemies.Itis,therefore,impermissibletoopen
thecloseddoorsofevil.

IhopemyspeechwillbeareminderfortheofficialsintheCivilServiceBureauandGeneralPresidencyfor
Girls EducationthattheyareobligedtoapplythecommandsofAllahandHisMessengerandconsiderthe
publicinterestofallpeople.TheyshouldalsotakeadvantageofthecommentarywrittenbyMuhammadAhmad
www.ircpk.com
Hassany.Hestatesthattheproblemofshortageofemployeescannotbesolvedbywomen'semploymentin
men'sjobs.Rather,thepropersolutionistocreateincentivesforthethousandsofyouthwhorefrainfrom
governmentalworkandturntoprivatebusinessesandorganizations.Governmentworkinvolvesmany
obstaclesthatholdyouthbackfromit.Toovercometheseobstacles,theyshouldsimplifytheprocedures
andapplicationsofemploymentandoffergoodpackagesfortheemployees.Thegovernmentcanthen
ensuresurplusemployeesineachdepartment.Iamassuredthatthisspeechwillconvincetheofficialsto
retracttheirstatementaboutwomen'semploymentinmen'sjobs.Theywilldosowhentheyknowthatthis
actisprohibitedintheQur'anandSunnah,goesinconflictwiththesoundFitrah(naturaldisposition),and
ruinsthesociety.TheenemiesofIslameagerlywishthatwomenwillgooutandworkwithmen.For
decades,theyhavebeenstrivingandspendingmoneytoachievethispurpose,sowehopethatourMuslim
sonsandbrothersdonotsupportorfacilitatetheirpurposes.

MayAllahprotectourcountryandallMuslimcountriesfromtheevilplotsandgranttheofficialssuccessto
helppeoplerectifytheiraffairsinthislifeandtheHereafter.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:279)

MayAllahgranttheofficialsintheCivilServiceBureauandGeneralPresidencyforGirlsEducationsuccessto
dowhatbenefitspeopleinthislifeandthelifetocome,andprotectus,them,andallMuslimsfromthe
delusivetrialsandmeansofdisgrace.AllahistheOneWhoisCapableofdoingso.MayPeaceandblessings
ofAllahbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,Companions,andtheirfollowersinrighteousness!

GeneralPresident

oftheDepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,Ifta',Daw`ah,andGuidance

`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaz

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:280)

Therulingonshakinghandswithwomenwhocovertheirhands

Q:R.A.Q.A.isastudentintheScientificInstituteinHutah,BanuTamim,SaudiArabia.Heis
inquiringabouttherulingonshakinghandswithanoldwoman,especiallyifsheisputtinga
barrieronherhand,suchasapieceofcloth.

A : ItisimpermissibleforamantoshakehandswithwomenwhoarenonMahrams(nota
spouseoranunmarriageablerelative)atall,whethertheyareyoungoroldwomen,and
whetherthemanisyoungorold,asthisentailsthedangerofFitnah(temptation)forbothof
them.ItisauthenticallyreportedfromtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)thathe
said, Idonotshakehandswithwomen. `Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)said, ThehandofAllahs
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)nevertouchedthehandofanywomanheonlyusedtotaketheirBay`ah(pledgeofallegiance)
orally. Thereisnodifferencebetweenshakinghandswithorwithoutabarrier,astheevidence
isgeneral,andblocksthemeansleadingtoFitnah.MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:281)

Bewareoftheenemies'plots

PraisebetoAllah,Alone.MaypeaceandblessingsbeuponHisMessengerandSlave
Muhammad,hisfamily,hisCompanions,andthosewhofollowhimuntiltheDayof
Resurrection.

IhavereadtheopenlettersentbysomeoftheMuslimwomeninSwitzerlandtotheGrandImam
o f A lAzharandtheMinisterofInformationin Egypt.TheletterispublishedbytheEgyptian
Magazine,AlDa`wah,issueno.47ofJumadaAlUla,1400A.H.TheymentionedthattheWest
startedtotalkandbeinterestedinIslam.However,themassmediamadeuseofthis
situationtodefameIslamandpresentafalsepictureofit.Theygaveanexampleofthefilm
whichwaspresentedbySwisstelevisionaboutIslamandMuslimsinEgypt.Themoviecontains
unIslamicscenesasitshowedthepracticesandthecelebrationsheldatthegraves,
celebratingthebirthdayofAlBadawy,inadditiontomanyotherBid`ahs(innovationsinreligion).
TheMuslimwomenstatedintheirletter:

ThethingthatcausedthemostpaintoallMuslimsofdifferentnationalitiesistheappearance
ofaMuslimgirlcalledNihalRizq.Shewastheguestassherepresentsthemodelofthecivilized
"Muslim"women.TheanchormansaidthattheLawswhichwererevealedcenturiesago
cannotbeappliednow.Herearetwoscenesfromthefilm.First,theyoungladywhilewearing
aswimsuitinthepoolat A lJazirahClubandwasseenbymen.Thesecondsceneisofthesame
womanwhilesheiswearingHijab(veil)andofferingSalah(Prayer)atherhouse.Shesays
thatsheoffersSalah,observesSawm(fasting),andonedayshewillperformHajj.Thelast
scenewaswhileshewasdancingwithherboyfriendinadiscosayingthatsheisallowedto
stayoutuntil1a.m.TheMuslimwomenstatedintheirletterthattheteamfromtheSwiss
televisionshotthisfilmduringtheir

(PartNo:6,PageNo:282)

announcedtriptoCairo.TheyalsointerviewedtheGrandImamofAlAzhar,theEgyptianMufty
(Islamicscholarqualifiedtoissuelegalopinions),andShaykhAlSutuhysothattheviewers
wouldthinkthattheseIslamicfiguresagreetowhatwaspresentedinthefilm.Finally,those
whoaresendingtheletterinquiredthoseresponsibleforthisfarceandwhofilmedthislady
asanexampleofaMuslimgirlinEgypt.DidtheofficialsinEgyptnotfindanotherrolemodelto
presentIslamandtheMuslimwomentotheEuropeansexceptthisgirl?

IwouldliketothankmyfellowMuslimsistersinSwitzerlandfortheirconcern.IaskAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)tokeepyoufirm.Iwouldliketoinformthemthatthefilmwhichwas
preparedbySwisstelevisionisapartofthecontinuouswarbetweentheMuslimsandthe
NonMuslimswhichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)mentionsinHisNobleQur'an: Andtheywillnevercease
fightingyouuntiltheyturnyoubackfromyourreligion(IslmicMonotheism)iftheycan. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)also
says: NeverwilltheJewsnortheChristiansbepleasedwithyou(OMuhammad)tillyoufollowtheirreligion.
TheChristianSwisstelevisionwantstohinderpeoplefromthereligionofAllah(Exaltedbe
He),preventthemfromacceptingIslamandlisteningtotheDu`ah(callerstoIslam).
However,theyarethelosersbyAllah'sWill.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Theyintendtoputoutthe
LightofAllh(i.e.theReligionofIslm,thisQurn,andtheProphetMuhammad)withtheirmouths.ButAllhwill
bringHisLighttoperfectioneventhoughthedisbelievershate(it). NowonderthattheenemiesofIslamarevery
boldintheirattackagainstIslam,falsifyingthetruth,andmisguidingpeopleforthisistheir
natureinfightingMuslimsandtheirattempttopreventpeoplefromembracingIslam.
However,whatisbewilderingisthewarmwelcomewithwhichtheMuslimsandtheirrulers
receivetheenemiesofIslamandthewaytheyfacilitateeverythingfortheminorderto
achievetheirgoalandfulfilltheiraims.TheofficialsinCairosuchastheGrandImamofAl
Azhar,theMufty,andtheothersmighthavethoughtthatthosepeoplewouldpresentthetrue
pictureofIslamandtheywouldshowtheinterviewsheldwiththemonly.However,Iadvise
theofficialsingeneral,especiallythosewhohavepowersandcapabilitiesaspresidents,kings
andscholarstobewareofdealingwiththeenemiesofIslamwhosneakinto

(PartNo:6,PageNo:283)

Muslimcountriesinthenameofthepress,orientalism,andsoon.Theyshouldbecautiousof
theirconspiraciesandplots.Theyshouldnotfacilitateorhelpthemtoaccomplishtheir
missioninIslamiccountries.Sometimes,weseetheChristiansaswellasothersfilmingtheoldand
uglyplacesinIslamiccountries.Theyspreadthesefilmswithacommentaryintheircountries
claimingthatthisistheconditionofMuslimsandthatIslamturnsthosewhoembraceitto
suchacondition.

Therefore,officialsshouldnotrespondtotheirdemandsexceptafterexaminingthem www.ircpk.com
carefully,knowingtheirdimensionsandresults,andmakingsurethatitwillnotharmIslam
andMuslims.IaskAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)toguideMuslims,theirrulers,andthepeoplein
poweranddecisionmakerstobecallerstoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andprotectorsofHis
Religionwithdeepinsight.MayHemakeHisWordsuperior,disgraceHisenemies,and
frustratetheirschemes!HeisAllHearerandResponsive.MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbe
uponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,andCompanions.

www.ircpk.com

MuslimsdealingwithnonMuslims

Q:WhataretheobligationsofMuslimstowardsnonMuslims,whethertheyareDhimmys
(protectednonMuslimslivingunderIslamicrule)orlivinginnonIslamiccountries?Whatis
thedutyofaMuslimlivinginanonIslamiccountry?Irefertodifferentformsofdealingsuch
asgreeting,participatingintheircelebrations,etc.MayIconsiderthemfellowcoworkers?
Please,advise.MayAllahrewardyou!

(PartNo:6,PageNo:284)

A : AMuslimmaydealwithnonMuslimsthroughmanylawfulways:First:Da`wah(callingto
Allah)andexplainingthetruthofIslamtothemasmuchaspossible,asthisisthegreatest
favorthatcouldbedonebyaMuslimtotheirfellowcitizens,whetherJews,Christiansorother
nonMuslims,accordingtothesayingoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim), Onewhoguidesto
somethinggoodhasarewardsimilartothatofitsdoer. RelatedbyImamMusliminhisSahih(authentic)Book
ofHadith. WhentheProphet(peacebeuponhim)sent`Aly(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)toKhaybarandaskedhimtoinvite
thepeopletoIslam,hesaid,"ByAllah,ifevenonepersonisguidedthroughyou,thatwillbebetterforyouthanpossessingthemost
valuablecamels." (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim).TheProphet(peacebeupon
him)alsosaid, Ifanyonecallsotherstofollowrightguidance,theirrewardwillbeequivalenttothosewhofollowhim(in
righteousness)withouttheirrewardbeingdiminishedinanyrespect.Ifanyoneinvitesotherstofollowerror,theirsinwillbe
equivalenttothatofthepeoplewhofollowthem(insinfulness)withouttheirsinsbeingdiminishedinanyrespect. Relatedby
MusliminhisSahihBookofHadith.PracticingDa`wahandtellingthepeopleaboutIslamis
oneofthemostimportantdutiesandoneofthebestactsthatdrawoneclosertoAllah.

Second:ItisimpermissibletotreataDhimmy,aMusta'man(nonMuslimwithapeace
agreementpermittingthemtoenterandstaytemporarilyinaMuslimcountry)oraMu`ahad
(nonMusliminatemporarycovenantwithMuslims)unjustlyregardingtheirself,propertyor
honor.Youshouldgivethemtheirrightswithouttheleastwronginfinancialmatters,whether
bytheft,betrayalordeception.Youshouldnotharmthemphysically,whetherbybeating
themorotherwise,asbeingaDhimmyoraMusta'manprotectsthem.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:285)

Third:Thereisnoharminconductingcommercialtransactionswiththem,suchasbuying,
sellingandhiring.ItisauthenticallyreportedfromtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeupon
him)thatheboughtthingsfromKafirs(nonMuslims),idolworshippersandJews.Whenhe
(peacebeuponhim)died,hisshieldwasmortgagedwithaJewinreturnforfoodhehad
boughtforhisfamily.

Fourth,youshouldnotinitiategreeting.ThisisaccordingtothesayingoftheProphet(peace
beuponhim), DonotinitiategreetingstotheJewsortheChristians. RelatedbyMusliminhisSahihBookof
Hadith.He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid, WhenthePeopleoftheBookgreetyou,youshouldsay,"Thesameto
you." AMuslimshouldnotinitiategreetingaKafir,theyshouldonlyreplysaying"Thesameto
you",accordingtothesayingoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim), WhenthePeopleoftheBookgreetyou,
youshouldsay,"Thesametoyou." (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim).Thesearesomeof
therightsthatnonMuslimshaveonMuslims.Thisalsoincludestherightofbeingagood
neighbor.YoushouldneverharmyournonMuslimneighborsbutyoushouldgivethemcharity
iftheyareneedy,presentthemwithgifts,andadvisethem.Thismaybeacauseoftheirbeing
guidedtoIslamandasourneighborshaverightsonus.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
said, Jibril(Gabriel,peacebeuponhim)continuedtorecommendmeabouttreatingtheneighborskindlysomuchsothatIthought
hewouldgivethemtherightofinheritance. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim).Ifthe
neighborisanonMuslim,theyhavetherightofkindtreatment.Iftheyarerelatives,they
haveadoubleright:therightofaneighborandtherightofkinship.Itispermissiblefora
MuslimtogiveSadaqah(voluntarycharity),notZakah,toaneighborwhoisaKafir,provided
thattheyarenotwarriors.ThisisaccordingtoAllah'ssaying, Allhdoesnotforbidyoutodealjustlyand
kindlywiththosewhofoughtnotagainstyouonaccountofreligionnordroveyououtofyourhomes.Verily,Allhlovesthosewhodeal
withequity. ItisalsoreportedintheSahihHadith ontheauthorityofAsma'bintAbuBakr(mayAllahbepleased
withher)thathermothercametoherinMadinahseekinghelpatthetimeofthetreatyofAlHudaybiyyahandshewasaMushrik
(polytheist).Asma'tookthepermissionoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)tomaintaintiesofkinshipwithher,andhegaveher
permission.

ThereisnoharmtogiveZakahtoAlMu'allafatiQulubuhum(thosewhoseheartsareinclined
toIslam)amongKafirs.ThisisaccordingtoAllah'ssaying, AsSadaqt(hereitmeansZakt)areonlyfor
theFuqar (poor),andAlMaskin(thepoor)andthoseemployedtocollect(thefunds),andtoattracttheheartsofthosewhohave
beeninclined(towardsIslm) AMuslimshouldnottakepartintheircelebrationsoftheirfeasts.


www.ircpk.com
www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:286)

ExtendingSalamthroughthetelephone

whenonedoesnotknowwhetherthecallerisaMuslimorKafir

Q:WhatistherulingonextendingSalam(Islamicgreetingofpeace)throughthephone,ifone
doesnotknowwhetherthecallerisaMuslimornot?

A:Ittakesthesamerulingofmeetingsomeoneifyouaresurethatheisakafir(disbeliever),
donotstartextendingSalamandifyouarenotsure,thereisnothingwrongwiththat.

MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

Thankingandprayingforthebenefactor

F r o m`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaztothehonorablebrothershaykhM.T.,theprincipalofAlTahdhibschool,
intheIvoryCoast.

MayAllahincreaseyourknowledgeandIman(faith/belief).Amen.

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

Ireceivedyourhonorableletter,dated4/8/1394,(mayAllahguideyou)withyourquestions.Herearethe
questionsandtheiranswers:

Q1:Isitpermissibletosay"Thanks"or"Blessed"andtheliketoabenefactor?

A : Thereisnothingwrongwithsaying:''Thankyou''or''MayAllahrewardyouforyourdeed''or''Youare
thanked''andtheliketoyourbrothersuponreceivingafavorfromthem.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: And
Wehaveenjoinedonman(tobedutifulandgood)tohisparents.Hismotherborehiminweaknessandhardshipuponweaknessand
hardship,andhisweaningisintwoyearsgivethankstoMeandtoyourparents.UntoMeisthefinaldestination. Thus,He
(GlorifiedbeHe)hascommandedthechildtothankHisLordandhisparents.Accordingly,thisindicatesthe
permissibilityofthankingAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)andabenefactor.Moreover,itisauthenticallyreportedthat
theProphet

(PartNo:6,PageNo:287)

said: WhoeverdoesnotthankpeoplewillnotthankAllah Accordingtoanothernarration: HedoesnotthankAllah,hewho


doesnotthankpeople Itisalsoauthenticallyreportedthathe(peacebeuponhim)said: Rewardwhoeverdoesa
favorforyou.But,ifyouareunabletorewardthem,keepsupplicatingforthemuntilyouseethatyouhave(adequately)rewarded
them RelatedbyAbuDawudandAlNasa'iwithagoodIsnad(chainofnarrators).However,supplicatingfor
thebenefactorisawayofthanking.

Asforsaying"Blessed",Ihavenotclearlyunderstoodwhatyoumeanbyit.So,ifyouintendtoprayfor
Allahtoblessthem,thereisnothingwrongwiththiswhereasifyouintendanothermeaning,pleaseclarifyit
soastobeabletoansweryou.

2:ItiscustomaryafterpraisingAllahwhenwefinisheatingtosaytoourfathers,mothers,
andtheelderly'bless'or'thankyou'etc.

A : Theanswertothisquestionisevidentintheansweroftheprecedingquestion.Thereis
nothingwrongwiththankingandprayingforthosewhodousfavors.Rather,itis
recommended,accordingtothepreviouslymentionedevidence.ItisalsomentionedinSahih
(authenticbookofHadith)Muslim thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)visitedsomeofhisCompanionsandatethere.
Whenhewantedtoleave,thewifeofthehouseholdersaid:OMessengerofAllah!Supplicateforus!He(peacebeuponhim)said:O
Allah!Blesstheirlivelihood,forgivethem,andhavemercyuponthem.

MayAllahkeepyousoundandsafe,Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(May
Allah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:288)

LawfultreatmentforSihr(sorcery)

Q:IheardascholarsayingthatifonefeelsSihr(sorcery)workingonhim,hecanbringseven
leavesoflotusjujube,puttheminabucketofwaterandreciteoveritAlMuawwidhatayn
(thetwoSurahsofseekingrefugefromevil:AlFalaq(number113)andAlNas(number114))
AyatulKursy(theQuranicVerseoftheThrone,SurahAlBaqarah,2:255)SurahAlKafirun:
Say:(OMuhammadtotheseMushriknandKfirn):"OAlKafirn(disbelieversinAllh,inHisOneness,inHis
Angels,inHisBooks,inHisMessengers,intheDayofResurrection,andinAlQadar)! , andsuchthingsthatcamedownatBabylon
andSurahAlFatihah.Isthiscorrect?Whatshouldbedoneif
tothetwoangels,HrtandMrt
someonefeelsthattheyhavebeenbewitched?Please,advise!MayAllahguideyou!

A : ThereisnodoubtthatSihrisrealsomepeoplecanpracticeitbutitcanbeeffectiveonly
bytheLeaveofAllah,theExalted,Whosaysregardingmagicians: TheyfollowedwhattheShaytn
(devils)gaveout(falselyofthemagic)inthelifetimeofSulaimn(Solomon).Sulaimndidnotdisbelieve,buttheShaytn(devils)
disbelieved,teachingmenmagicandsuchthingsthatcamedownatBabylontothetwoangels,HrtandMrt,butneitherofthese
two(angels)taughtanyone(suchthings) i.e.HarutandMarut tilltheyhadsaid,Weareonlyfortrial,sodisbelievenot(by
learningthismagicfromus).Andfromthese(angels)peoplelearnthatbywhichtheycauseseparationbetweenmanandhiswife,
buttheycouldnotthusharmanyoneexceptbyAllhsLeave. Thus,SihriseffectiveonlybytheWillofAllahin
thepredestinedworld,becausenothingwhatsoeverinexistencehappensexceptbyDivine
DecreeandPredestination.However,thereisacureforSihr.TheProphet(peacebeupon
him)wasonceaffectedbySihr,butAllah(ExaltedbeHe)ridhimofitandsavedhimfromits
evils.Theparaphernaliausedbythemagicianwasfoundanddestroyed,andAllah(Exaltedbe
He)curedHisProphet(peacebeuponhim).Therefore,ifsomeonefindsknots,tiedthreads,or
otherobjectsusedforwitchcraftpurposes,theyshoulddestroyit,forthiswillundotheSihr.
Magiciansusuallyblowintoknotsandstrikethemtoachievetheirwickedgoals.Theymay
succeedbytheLeaveofAllahandmaynot,forAllah(theGlorified)haspoweroverallthings.
TheeffectofSihrcanalsoberemovedbytheQuran.Ifsomeoneisbewitched,theymayrecite
overthemselvesiftheyaresaneortheycanhavesomeonereciteoverthemandblowontheir
chestoranyotherpartoftheirbodythatisaffectedbySihr.TheyshouldreciteSurahAl
Fatihah,AyatulKursyandSurahAlIkhlas: Say(OMuhammad):"HeisAllh,(the)One.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:289)

A lMuawwidhatayn[Surahnumber:113and114],inadditiontootherwellknownAyahs
mentioningmagicfromSurahsAlA raf[Surahnumber7],Yunus[Surahnumber10]andTaha
[Surahnumber20].FromSurahAlA raftheAyahs: AndWerevealedtoMs(Moses)(saying):"Throwyour
stick,"andbehold!Itswallowedupstraightawayallthefalsehoodswhichtheyshowed. Thustruthwasconfirmed,andallthatthey
didwasmadeofnoeffect. Sotheyweredefeatedthereandreturneddisgraced. FromSurahYunustheAyahs: And
F i r aun(Pharaoh)said:"Bringmeeverywellversedsorcerer." Andwhenthesorcererscame,Ms(Moses)saidtothem:"Cast
downwhatyouwanttocast!" Thenwhentheyhadcastdown,Ms(Moses)said:"WhatyouhavebroughtissorceryAllhwill
surelymakeitofnoeffect.Verily,AllhdoesnotsetrighttheworkofAlMufsidn(theevildoers,corrupters). "AndAllhwill
establishandmakeapparentthetruthbyHisWords,howevermuchtheMujrimn(criminals,disbelievers,polytheists,sinners)may
hateit." FromSurahTahatheAyahs: Theysaid:"OMs(Moses)!Eitheryouthrowfirstorwebethefirsttothrow?"
[Ms(Moses)]said:"Nay,throwyou(first)!"Thenbehold!theirropesandtheirsticks,bytheirmagic,appearedtohimasthough
theymovedfast. SoMs(Moses)conceivedfearinhimself. We(Allh)said:"Fearnot!Surely,youwillhavetheupperhand.
"Andthrowthatwhichisinyourrighthand!Itwillswallowupthatwhichtheyhavemade.Thatwhichtheyhavemadeisonlya
magicianstrick,andthemagicianwillneverbesuccessful,towhateveramount(ofskill)hemayattain." InadditiontoSurah
A lKafirun: Say:(OMuhammadtotheseMushriknandKfirn):"OAlKafirn(disbelieversinAllh,inHis
Oneness,inHisAngels,inHisBooks,inHisMessengers,intheDayofResurrection,andinAlQadar)! ,SurahAlIkhlas
[Surahnumber112]: Say(OMuhammad):"HeisAllh,(the)One. SurahAlFalaq[Surah
number113]: Say:"Iseekrefugewith(Allh),theLordofthedaybreak, andSurahAlNas[Surahnumber
114]: Say:"Iseekrefugewith(Allh)theLordofmankind, ItispreferabletorepeatSurahAlIkhlas: Say(O
Muhammad ) : "HeisAllh,(the)One. andMuawwidhataynthreetimes,andthen
supplicatetoAllahtocurethebewitched,saying:"OLordofmankind!Removetheharm,and
granthealing,forYouaretheHealer.Thereisnocurebutyoursthatleavesnoailment."This
supplicationshouldberepeatedthreetimesfollowedbythisRuqyah(recitingQuranand
sayingsupplicationsoverthesickseekinghealing):"InthenameofAllahIperformRuqyah
foryou,fromeverythingthatmayharmyou,fromtheevilofeverysoulorenviouseye,may
Allahhealyou,inthenameofAllahIperformRuqyahforyou."ThisRuqyahshouldalsobe
repeatedthreetimesandthenonesupplicatestoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)fortheafflicted
persontobecuredandprotected.Itisalsorecommendedtorepeatthreetimesthefollowing
Ruqyah:"IseekrefugeforyouinthePerfectWordsofAllahfromtheevilofwhatHehas
created."ItisalsousefultorecitetheseAyahs,Surahsandsupplicationsoverwaterandhave
thebewitchedpersondrinkpartofitandwashhimselfwiththerest.Itisalsousefulinthe
treatmenttotakesevengreenlotusleaves,grindthemup,andputthemintowaterand
reciteoverthemtheAyahsandSurahsmentionedabove.Alltheseremedieshavebeentried www.ircpk.com
manytimesandAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasmadethemveryeffective.Wehavedonethemto
manypeopleandAllah(ExaltedbeHe)curedthem.Thesemethodsarequiteeffectivein
treatingthosewhohavebeenaffectedbySihr.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:290)

Thisisalsousefulfortreatingamanwhoisbeingkeptfromhavingsexualintercoursewith
hiswifebysomekindofSihrhecanrecitetheseAyahsandsupplicationsorhavethem
recitedoverhim.Hemayalsorecitethemintowater,thendrinksomeofitandwashhimself
withtherest.HemayalsoputsevenlotusleavesinwaterandreciteintoittheseAyahsand
washwithit.BytheLeaveofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)allthiswillbeeffectivefortheonewho
hasbeenbewitchedorthehusbandwhocannothavesexualintercoursebecauseofthework
ofSihr.Truly,healingisintheHandofAllah.TheseareonlymeansandAllahalonegrants
healingeverythingisinHisHand,thecureandthedisease.TheyallhappenbyHisDecree
andPredestination.ItisauthenticallyreportedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)thathe
said, ThereisnodiseasethatAllahhascreated,exceptthatHealsohascreateditstreatmentthatmaybeknowntosomepeople
andunknowntoothers. ThisistheGraceofAllah,(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).AllahistheGrantor
ofsuccessandguidance.

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InfallibilityofProphetsinwhattheyconveytopeople

Q:IheardaMuslimscholarsayingthattheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)mademistakes.Is
thiscorrect?IhaveheardalsothatImamMaliksaid:"Theviewswethinkmaybeacceptedor
rejected,exceptforwhattheoccupantofthisgrave(i.e.theProphet,peacebeuponhim)
says."SomepeopleclaimthattheHadithoftheflyisnotauthentic.Whatistheclassification
ofthisHadith?

A : AllMuslimscholarsunanimouslyagreedthattheprophets(peacebeuponthem)
especiallyMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)areinfallibleandprotectedfromerrorinthat
whichtheyconveyedfromAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
He)says: Bythestarwhenitgoesdown(orvanishes). Yourcompanion(Muhammad)hasneithergone
astraynorhaserred. Nordoeshespeakof(hisown)desire. ItisonlyaRevelationrevealed. Hehasbeentaught(thisQurn)
OurProphetMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)isinfallibleinall
byonemightyinpower[Jibrl(Gabriel)]
thatheconveyedfromAllah,inwordanddeedandinwhatheapprovedof.Thereisno
disputeonthispointamongthescholars.ThemajorityofMuslimscholarsalsoviewedthatthe
prophetswereprotectedfrommajorsinsbutnotfromminorsins.Withregardtominorsins,
thesemighthavebeencommittedbythem.However,iftheycommittedsuchactions,they
werenotlefttopersist,rather,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)pointedthatouttothemandthey
hastenedtorepent.Asforworldlymatters,theprophetsmighthavecommittederrorinsuch
matters,thenAllah(ExaltedbeHe)pointedthatouttothem,aswasthecasewiththe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim) whenpassingbyagrouppollinatingthepalmtrees

(PartNo:6,PageNo:291)

theProphetsaid:"Perhapsifyoudonotdoit,thatwillbebetter."Theydidnotdoit,andtheharvestfailed.Theytoldhimaboutthat.
Hesaid:"Ionlysaidthatoutofguessingandyouhavebetterknowledge(ofatechnicalskill)intheaffairsofyourlife.Butregarding
whatItellyouaboutAllah(mayHebeGlorifiedandExalted),IdonotlieaboutAllah." (NarratedbyMusliminhisSahih).Thus,the
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)clarifiedthatpeopleknowbestabouttheaffairsoftheirworldtheyknowhowtopollinatepalmtrees,
howtosow,andhowtoharvest.

WithregardtothatwhichtheprophetsconveyedfromAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),theywereinfallibleandprotectedfrom
error.

ConcerningtheclaimthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)committedsins,thisisafalseclaim.Thismattershouldbediscussedin
detailaswementionedabove.AsforthestatementofImamMalik(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim):"Theviewswethinkmaybe
acceptedorrejectedexceptforwhattheoccupantofthisgrave(i.e.theProphet(peacebeuponhim)"saysthisisacorrect
statementthatgainedthescholars'acceptance.ImamMalik(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)wasoneofthebestMuslimscholars.He
wasImamofDarAlHijra(Madinah)athistimei.e.thesecondHijracentury.Thisstatementattributedtohimiscorrectandhas
gainedthescholars'acceptancebecauseeveryscholarcanrefutetheviewsofotherscholarswhocanrefutehisviewsinreturn.
However,theMessenger(peacebeuponhim)saidnothingbuttruth.Thus,hissayingscannotberefuted.TheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)wastruthfulinallthatheconveyedfromAllah(ExaltedbeHe),allthatheconfirmed,allthatheordered,andallthathe
calledfor.

AsfortheHadithoftheflies,itisaSahih(authentic)HadithnarratedbyAlBukhariinhisSahih.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
confirmedit,saying: Ifahouseflyfallsinthedrinkofanyoneofyou,heshoulddipit(inthedrink)andthentakeitout,foroneofits
wingshasadiseaseandtheotherhasthecureforthedisease. ThereareproofsforitcitedinaHadithnarratedbyAbuSa`idAl
KhudriandaHadithnarratedbyAnasIbnMalik.TheyallareauthenticandgainacceptanceoftheUmmah.Whoeverraisesdoubts
regardingtheirauthenticityismistaken,ignorant,andhisviewcannotbetakenforgranted.Whoeverclaimsthatthismatterhastodo
withtheaffairsofthisworld,inaccordancewiththisHadith: Youhavebetterknowledge(ofatechnicalskill)intheaffairsofyourlife,
ismistakenbecausetheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)confirmedthisandbuiltonitaShar`iruling.TheProphet(peacebeupon
him)didnotsay"Ithink",ratherheconfirmedandgaveanorder,whichinvolvesabindinglegislationbytheProphet(peacebeupon
him)becausehesaid: Ifahouseflyfallsinthedrinkofanyoneofyou,heshoulddipit(inthedrink)andthentakeitout,foroneof
itswingshasadiseaseandtheotherhasthecureforthedisease. ThisisanorderandlegislationgivenbytheMessenger(peacebe
uponhim)totheUmmah.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)doesnotspeakoutof[hisown]inclination.Itisonlyarevelation
revealed.

MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

MeritsofmemorizingtheQur'an

Q:ManyatimeImemorizeAyahsoftheNobleQur'anbutIforgetthemafterawhile.
Moreover,whenreadingacertainAyah,Idoubtwhethermyreadingiscorrectornot.Later,it
turnsouttobeincorrect.Please,advise.MayAllahguideyou!

(PartNo:6,PageNo:292)

A : Itisprescribedforyou,mybrother,toexerteffortinmemorizingwhatyoucanofAllah's
BookandtorecitebeforesomegoodSheikhsatschool,inmosque,orathome.Youshoulddo
thisregularlysoastocorrectyourrecitation,becausetheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said:
Thebestamongyou(Muslims)arethosewholearntheQuranandteachit. (narratedbyAlBukhari(mayAllahbe
mercifulwithhim)inhisSahih).Thus,thebestamongpeoplearethepeopleoftheQur'an
wholearnandteachittopeopleandputitintoaction.

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidtosomeofhisCompanions: Whichofyouwouldliketogoearlyin
themorningeverydaytoButhan(avalleyinMadinah)andreturnfromitwithtwolargehumpedshecamels,withoutcommittinga
sinorseveringthetiesofkinship? Theyreplied,"OMessengerofAllah!We(all)wouldlikethat!"He
(peacebeupon)said: "IfanyofyougotothemosqueandlearnorrecitetwoAyahsfromtheBookofAllah,thisisbetterfor
youthantwoshecamels,andthree(Ayahs)arebetterthanthree(shecamels),andfour(Ayahs)arebetterthanfour(shecamels).
Andthenumber(ofAyahsrecitedintotal)arebetterthanthesamenumberofcamels." orastheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)said.

ThisshowsthevirtueoflearningtheNobleQuran.Dearbrother,youshouldlearntheNoble
QuranatthehandofSheikhswellknownfortheirproficiencyinrecitingtheNobleQuranto
receivethebenefitandcorrectyourrecitation.

Asforyourforgetfulness,thereisnoharmonyouregardingthis.Everyoneisliabletoforget
astheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Iamahumanbeinglikeyouandliabletoforgetlikeyou. Once
hearingsomeonerecitingtheNobleQuran,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: MayAllahshow
mercytosoandsohehasremindedmeofsuchandsuchanAyahwhichIhadmissed. i.e."Iforgotit".Themeaningis
thatonemayforgetsomeAyahsandrememberthemlaterorsomeotherpersonsmayremind
him.Itisbetterthatoneshouldsay,"Ihavebeenmadetoforget,"becauseitisreportedthat
theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Noneofyoushouldsay,IforgotsuchandsuchanAyah,buthehasbeen
madetoforget. ThismeansthatSatanmadehimforget.AsfortheHadith:

(PartNo:6,PageNo:293)

"NomanrecitestheQur'an,thenforgetsitbutwillmeetAllahontheDayofJudgmentinamaimedcondition(oremptyhanded,or
thisisaweakHadithaccordingtotheviewofScholarsandwasnotrelatedfrom
withnoexcuse)",
theProphet(peacebeuponhim).Forgetfulnessisneitheroutofone'schoicenorcapacityto
recoverfromit.ThismeansthatitisordainedforyoutomemorizewhatyoucanofAllah's
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)BookandtodothatregularlybeforeSheikhswhoare
professionalinrecitationtocorrectyourmistakes.

MayAllahgrantyousuccessandmakematterseasyforyou!

www.ircpk.com

HowtomemorizetheQur'an

Q:PleaseguidemetothewaythatenablesmetomemorizeAllah'sBook.

A : WerecommendyoutomemorizetheQur'anandbekeenonthat.Choosetheappropriate
timesformemorizationsuchasthelastpartofnight,afterofferingFajr(Dawn)Prayer,at
night,oratanyothertimewhenyoufeeltranquilitysothatyoucanlearnitbyheart.We
recommendyoutochoosegoodcompanionswhohelpyouinyourmemorizationandstudy.
YoushouldalsoaskAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tograntyousuccessandhelp.Youshouldbeseech
Himtohelpyou,grantyousuccess,andprotectyoufromwhatevermayhinderyou.Letyou
knowthatwhosoeverasksAllahforhelpsincerely,Allahwillhelphimandeaseforhimhis
task.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:294)

RulingongatheringtorecitetheDu`a'aftercompletingtheQur'an

Q:WhatistherulingongatheringtorecitetheDu`a'(supplication)aftermemorizingthe
NobleQur'ani.e.whenapersonhasfinishedreadingtheQur'anhecallshisfamilyorother
peopletoofferDu`a'togetherforhavingcompletedtheQur'anthisDu`a'isattributedto
ShaykhulIslamIbnTaymiyyah(mayAllahhavemercyonhim)sothattheywillallreceive
therewardforcompletingtheQur'an,orotherDu`a'swrittenattheendoftheMushafand
calledDu`a'KhatmalQur'anal`Azim(supplicationforfinishingtheNobleQur'an)?Isit
permissibletogathertoreciteDu`a'forcompletingtheNobleQur'an,whetherattheendof
Ramadanoronotheroccasions?IsthisgatheringcountedasBidah(innovationinreligion)?
HasanyDu`a'specificallyprescribedforfinishingtheNobleQur'anthatisnarratedfromthe
MessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)?Pleaseexplainthisissueindetail.Couldyoukindly
substantiateyourview?

A : Asfarasweknow,thereisnoevidenceofanyspecificDu`a',soitispermissiblefora
persontoprayforwhateverhewantsandtochooseanygoodDu`a',suchasaskingfor
forgivenessofsinsortobegrantedParadiseandbesavedfromHell,ortoseekrefugefrom
tribulation,ortobegrantedhelptounderstandtheQur'aninthewaythatpleasesAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)andtoactinaccordancewithit,andsoon.ItisreportedthatAnas(mayAllah
bepleasedwithhim)usedtogatherhisfamilywhenhefinishedreadingtheQur'antooffer
Du`a'.WithregardtotheProphet(peacebeuponhim),nothingtothiseffectwasnarrated
fromhimasfarasIknow.

AsfortheDu`a'attributedtoShaykhulIslamIbnTaymiyyah(mayAllahhavemercyonhim),Ido
notknowwhetherthisattributioniscorrectornot.ThoughitiscirculatedamongourSheikhs
aswellasotherSheikhs,Ihavenevercomeacrossanythingofthatsortinhisbooks.Fianlly,
Allahknowsbest.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:295)

QuestionsandAnswersonRepentance

Itisobligatorytorepentandaskthewrongedperson(s)forforgiveness

Q:IwasignorantandthenAllah(ExaltedbeHe)guidedmetoIslam.Inthepast,I
committedsomeinjusticesanderrors.IheardtheHadithoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
thatstates: "Hewhohasdoneawrongaffectinghisbrother'shonororanythingelse,lethimaskforhisforgivenesstoday
beforethetime(i.e.theDayofResurrection)whenhewillhaveneitheradinarnoradirham." WhatshouldIdointhis
case?

A : Allah(ExaltedbeHe)allowsHisServantstorepentofallsins.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says:
AndallofyoubegAllhtoforgiveyouall,Obelievers,thatyoumaybesuccessful He(GlorifiedbeHe)saysalso: Oyou
whobelieve!TurntoAllhwithsincererepentance! Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andverily,I
amindeedforgivingtohimwhorepents,believes(inMyOneness,andassociatesnoneinworshipwithMe)anddoesrighteousgood
deeds,andthenremainsconstantindoingthem,(tillhisdeath). TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Hewho
Anyonewhocommitsasinshouldhastento
repentsofhissinsisliketheonewhohasnotcommittedasin.
repent,regret,giveupthesin,andbetrulydeterminednottoreturntothissintoshowhonor
toAllah(mayHebePraised),devotehimselftoHim,andfearHisPunishment.Allah(Exalted
beHe)acceptstherepentanceofthosewhorepent.WhenaservantobservessincereTawbah
(repentancetoAllah),regretswhathedid,anddeterminesnottoreturntohissinsforthe
SakeofandforFearofAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),Hewillforgivehimandblotouthis
pastsins,becauseofHisFavorandKindness.Nevertheless,ifthesinisagainstpeople,the
repentantpersonshouldgivebacktherightstotheirrespectiveownersoraskfortheir
forgiveness,suchassaying,"Mybrother,forgiveme,"or"Pardonme",andrepentforwhathe
did.Hemustalsoregretitanddeterminenottodoitagain.ThisisbasedupontheHadithyou
mentioned: Whoeverhaswrongedhisbrother,shouldaskforhispardoninthisworld(beforehisdeath),as(intheHereafter)
therewillbeneitheradinarnoradirham.(Heshouldsecurepardoninthislife)beforesomeofhisgooddeedsaretakenandpaidto
hisbrotherandifhehasdonenogooddeeds,someofthebaddeedsofhisbrotherwillbetakentobeloadedonhim(inthe
Hereafter). (RelatedbyAlBukhariinhisSahih)

(PartNo:6,PageNo:296)

AMu'min(believer)shouldbekeentofreehimselffromhisbrother'srightbygivingitbackto
himorbyaskingforhispardon.Ifsomeoneviolatesthehonorofsomeoneelse,theyshould
askforforgivenessifpossible.Otherwise,iftherepentantpersonisafraidofthe
consequencesorharmofinformingthewrongedparty,heshouldaskAllahsForgivenessfor
him,supplicateAllahforhim,andmentionhismeritsinsteadoftheevilshementionedabout
himinthesamegatheringinwhichhebackbithiminthepast.Heshouldwashthebaddeed
awaywithgooddeedsbymentioningandspeakingaboutthemeritsofthewrongedmanand
askingAllah'sForgivenessforhim.MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

Awomanattemptedtokillherself

butsherepentedbeforeshedied

Q:Ihadasisterwhowasmarriedandhadthreechildren.Shewasalwaysquarrellingwith
herhusband.Shealsohadadisagreementwithherfather.Thereasonwasthatherhusband
treatedherveryharshly,whichmadeherleavethehouseandgotothehouseofhermother,
whowasdivorcedfromhisfatherandwasmarriedtosomeoneelse.Hermothershusband
alsotreatedherbadly.

I herbrotherboughtheranapartmentwhereshecouldlivewithme,butsheoftenusedto
gotohermother.Onetimehermothershusbandforcedhertogoandleaveherchildrenwith
herhusbandandshedidthatjusttopleasehermother.

Onedaytherewasanargumentbetweenherandhermothershusband.Shewenttoher
apartment,veryupsetaboutthecalamitiesthathadbefallenher,andthefactthather
childrenhadbeentakenaway.Shetooksomepillsfromthefridgeandswallowedthemallin
anattempttoendherlife.Irushedhertothehospitalwhereshewastreated.Beforeshe
died,sherealizedthatshewasabouttodieandsherepentedandstartedtoprayagreatdeal
forforgivenessforwhatshedid.Sheaskedustoprayforherforgiveness.Shepassedaway.
Whatishersituationnow?

IsitpermissibleformetogivecharityandperformHajjonherbehalf?PleasenotethatI
vowedtodotheseactionsallmylifeInShaaAllah(ifAllahwills).Iappreciateyourguidance
throughAlDa`wahmagazine.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:297)

A : SolongasyoursisterregrettedandrepentedtoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)forwhatshedidof
tryingtocommitsuicide,thereishopethatshewouldbeforgiven.Repentancewipesout
whatcamebeforeitandtheonewhorepentsofsinislikeonewhodidnotdosinatall,as
wasnarratedinSahihHadithsfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim).Ifyougiveincharityon
herbehalf,prayforherforgivenessormakeDu`a'forher,thatisgooditwillbenefitherand
youwillberewardedforit.Youhavetofulfillthevowsyoumadetodothoseactsofworship,
becauseAllah(ExaltedbeHe)haspraisedthosewhofulfilltheirvows.Praisingtherighteous,
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: They(arethosewho)fulfil(their)vows,andtheyfearaDaywhoseevil
willbewidespreading. Likewise,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: "Whoevervowsthathewillbe
obedienttoAllah,shouldremainobedienttoHimandwhoevermakesavowthathewilldisobeyAllah,shouldnotdisobeyHim."
(NarratedbyImamAlBukhariinhisSahih).

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:298)

Howshouldwerepentfromevildeeds?

F r o m`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaztothehonorable(...).MayAllahprotectyoufromtheSatanictemptations
andguideyoutowhatsetsyourreligionandliferight!

MaypeaceandAllah'sMercyandBlessingsbeuponyou!

Ihavereceivedyourletterconcerningsomethingsthatyoucommittedbutyouareunawareoftheirruling
andfeartheirconsequences.Itisworthmentioningthatweaskedyoupreviouslyon12/7/1390A.H.to
comebutthiswasnotpossible.However,wearegoingtoanswerthequestionsmentionedinyourletter,if
Allahwills.

Q:YouaskedthatyoumayabandonSalahattimesandthatyoumanytimesresolvedto
repenttoAllahfromthisbutyouwentbackonyourdecision.Yousaidthatthisleniency
causedyoutoabandonotherPillarsofIslam.Then,youstatedthatyouhavemadeupyour
mindtotruthfullyreturntoAllahinrepentanceandtogiveupallevildeeds.Youalsoask
whetheryouwillbeamongthosewhomAllahacceptstheirrepentanceorthosewhomAllah
saysaboutthem, Verily,thosewhobelieve,thendisbelieve,thenbelieve(again),and(again)disbelieve,andgoon
increasingindisbeliefAllhwillnotforgivethem Youalsoputforththequestionthatwhetheritisa
conditionofrepentancetosaythetwodeclarationoffaithaloudinfrontofascholar,perform
Ghusl(ritualbath),offertwoRaka`ahs(unitsofSalah),andsoon?

A:Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)saysinHisGloriousBookthatHeacceptsthepenitenceofHisSlaves
regardlessofthewrongdoingstheycommitted.He(ExaltedbeHe)says, Say:"OIbd(Myslaves)
whohavetransgressedagainstthemselves(bycommittingevildeedsandsins)!DespairnotoftheMercyofAllh:verily,Allhforgives
allsins.TrulyHeisOftForgiving,MostMerciful. ScholarsagreedthatthisAyah(Qur'anicVerse)was
revealedconcerningpenitentpeople.ItmeansthatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)mayforgiveallthe
sins,ifthepersonistruthfulinhisrepentancewhichisfulfilledbyregrettingthesinshe
committed,abstainingfromcommittingbaddeeds,andbeingdeterminednottorecommit
them.Ifsomeoneobservesthesethings,theyaretruthfulintheirrepentance.

Moreover,theAyahforbidsevildoerstodespairofAllah'sMercynomatterhowgraveand
multipletheirsinsmightbe,asAllah'sMercyiswiderandHisForgivenessisgreater.Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)says,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:299)

AndHeitisWhoacceptsrepentancefromHisslaves,andforgivessins,andHeknowswhatyoudo. AndHe(glorybeto
Him)saysconcerningChristians, WilltheynotturnwithrepentancetoAllhandaskHisForgiveness?ForAllhisOft
Forgiving,MostMerciful. Also,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Islamwipesoutallthathasgonebeforeit
andpenitence,also,wipesoutallthathasbeendonebeforeit(ofmisdeeds). TherearemanysayingsofAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)inthisregard.

Youshouldabandonallsins,resolvenottorepeatthemagain,andregretthesinsyou
committedinthepast.YoushoulddosowithasincereintentiontoAllah,glorificationofHim,
cautionfromHispunishmentandthinkingwellofHim(GlorifiedbeHe).Itisauthentically
reportedthatAllah'sMessenger(peacebeuponhim)said, Allah(mayHebeGlorifiedandExalted)says,"I
amasMySlavewouldthinkofMeandIaminfavorofHimwheneverhesupplicatesMe." TheProphet(mayAllah's
PeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosaysinanotherreport: Letnoneofyoudiewithoutthinkingwellof
Allah. Inthelightofthis,youshouldfearAllah(ExaltedbeHe),bepleasedwithyourLordand
repenttoHiminordertopleaseHimandhumiliateSatan.IwouldliketosaytoyouthatAllah
willacceptyourrepentanceandforgiveyourpastmisdeeds,ifyouaresincere,forHe(glorybe
toHim)istheAllMercifulandHisPromiseneverfails.

Sayingthedeclarationoffaithinfrontofascholarisnotamongtheconditionsofrepentance.
Rather,repentanceisfulfilledthroughadmittingthewrongdoingsandabandoningallevil
deeds.Toexplain,iftheproblemisabandoningSalah(prayer),penitenceisdonethrough
returningtoSalah,regrettingthepastnegligenceandintendingnevertodosoagainandyou
arenotaskedtomakeupfortheSalahsyoudidnotperformaccordingtotheprinciplethat
repentancewipesoutwhatwasdonebeforeit.Similarly,ifyoudidnotsaythetwo
declarationsoffaithordoubtedwhetheryouhavesaidthemornot,repentancefromthisis
carriedoutthroughsayingthemevenifyouarealone.Soyousay,"Itestifythatthereisno
oneworthyofworshipexceptAllahandthatMuhammadisAllah'sMessenger,"withsincerity
infirmbeliefthattheonlyLordisAllah(ExaltedbeHe),Whohasnopartner,andthat
Muhammad(peacebeuponhim)isAllah'sSlaveandMessengertotheJinnandmankind
whoeverofthemobeyshimwillenterParadiseandwhodisobeyswillenterHell. www.ircpk.com
Takingabathislawfulandsomescholarsregardeditasobligatoryonthepersonwho
embracesIslamforthefirsttimeorfortheonewhowasanapostate.WhenperformingGhusl,
thenewMuslimorthereturnedMuslimpourswaterontheentirebodywiththeintentionof
adoptingIslamandrepentingfromthepreviousdisbelief.

ItisnotnecessarytooffertwoRak`ahsafterGhusl,however,itisreligiouslyrecommended
foranyMuslimtooffertwoRak`ahsafterobservingaritualpurificationaccordingtoHadiths
oftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)ontheissueandtheyarecalledSunnatulWudu'(theact
ofSunnahofWudu').

AsfortheAyahyoumentionedinwhichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Verily,thosewhobelieve,then
disbelieve,thenbelieve(again),and(again)disbelieve,andgoonincreasingindisbelief itdoesnot

(PartNo:6,PageNo:300)

meanthatwhoeverhasincreasedindisbelieforrepeatedhisdisbelief,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)
doesnotacceptHisrepentance,butitmeans,accordingtoscholars,thepersistencein
disbeliefuntildeathasindicatedinanotherAyahfromSurahAlBaqarahinwhichAllah(glory
betoHim)says, Verily,thosewhodisbelieve,anddiewhiletheyaredisbelievers,itistheyonwhomistheCurseofAllhand
oftheangelsandofmankind,combined. Theywillabidetherein(underthecurseinHell),theirpunishmentwillneitherbe
lightened,norwilltheybereprieved. AndHesaysinSurahAl`Imran, Verily,thosewhodisbelieved,anddiedwhile
theyweredisbelievers,the(whole)earthfullofgoldwillnotbeacceptedfromanyoneofthemeveniftheyoffereditasaransom.For
themisapainfultormentandtheywillhavenohelpers. He(ExaltedbeHe)alsosaysinSurahAlBaqarah, And
theywillneverceasefightingyouuntiltheyturnyoubackfromyourreligion(IslmicMonotheism)iftheycan.Andwhosoeverofyou
turnsbackfromhisreligionanddiesasadisbeliever,thenhisdeedswillbelostinthislifeandintheHereafter,andtheywillbethe
dwellersoftheFire.Theywillabidethereinforever." Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)elaboratesinthesethreeAyahs
thatthematteroftorment,curse,thenonacceptanceofgooddeedsandnullifyingrewards
onlyoccurinthecaseofdyingwhileadoptingdisbelief.Therefore,scholarsagreedthata
disbeliever,whateverkindsofdisbeliefhehasorhowoftenherepeatedapostasy,isaccepted
ifhesincerelyrepentstoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)bygivingupdisbelief,resolvingnottoreturn
toitagainandregrettingthepastdisbeliefandwrongdoings.However,theydisagreedwith
regardtotherulingonthepersonwhoapostasizesmorethanonceinhislifewillhebe
acceptedandsavedfromkillingornot?Theydonotdisagreeabouttheacceptanceofsincere
repentanceasillustratedpreviously.

IhopethatwhatImentionedissufficientintheissue.Anyhow,youshouldhastentoobserve
sincererepentance,showsubmissiontoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andsupplicatetoHimtoaccept
fromyouandhelpyouadheretothetruthandprotectyoufromtheinsinuationsandwhispers
ofSatan,whoisindeedthebitterenemythataimsatdestroyingyouandotherpeople.Allah
(GlorifiedbeHe)says, Surely,Shaitn(Satan)isanenemytoyou,sotake(treat)himasanenemy.HeonlyinviteshisHizb
(followers)thattheymaybecomethedwellersoftheblazingFire. ThethingthathelpsinhumiliatingSatanisto
observesincererepentancesohastenindoingsoandhavegladtidingswithgood
consequenceandsalvationfromHellandtheacceptanceofyourpenitenceifyouaretruthful.

IexhortyoutosayDhikr(remembranceofAllahbysaying,"SubhanAllah,[GlorifiedbeAllah],
A lHmadLiAllah[i.e.PraisebetoAllah])andaskingAllahtoforgiveyouandsupplicateto
Himtoconferpeaceand

(PartNo:6,PageNo:301)

mercyonHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).AmongthebestsupplicationsofDhikristhe
'wordofTawhid',namelyLaIlahaIllaAllahWahdahuLaSharikaLahLahuAlMulkWaLahu
A lHamdWahuwa`AlaKullShaie'nQadir(i.e.nooneisworthyofworshipexceptAllah,He
hasnopartner,toHimbelongsdominion,andtoHimbelongs[all]praise,andHeisoverall
thingscompetent)aswellasothersupplicationssuchasSubhanAllah,AlHamduLiAllah,La
IlahIllahAllah(nooneisworthyofworshipexceptAllah),AllahuAkbar(Allahisthe
Greatest),LaHawlaWalaQuwataIllaBillah(thereisnomightnorstrengthsaveinAllah)and
SubhanaAllahiWaBihamdihSubhanaAllahiAl`Azim(GloryistoAllahandpraiseisdueto
Him,theEverGreatest).YoushouldaskyourLordtoforgiveyourevildeedssaying,"Iask
AllahandnoonedeservestobeworshipedbutHim,theLivingandSelfSubstantiatingto
forgivemeandacceptmyrepentance.(OAllah)thereisnogodbutYou.GloryistoYou.Verily
Iwasoneofthetransgressors.OAllah!Ihavedonegreatinjusticetomyselfandnonebut
Youforgivessins,soforgiveme,andconferMercyuponmeasYouaretheOftForgiving,the
Merciful."

IrecommendyoutorecitetheGloriousQur'analotandtoponderonitsAyahs,foritcontains
allgoodnessandwarnsagainsteveryevil.Also,Iadviseyoutoreadasmuchasyoucanfrom
famousbooksofHadith,suchasRiyadhAlSalihinandBulughAlMaram,whichcontaingreat
benefitsforyouandhelpyoudogooddeeds,ifAllahwills.ObservingsupererogatorySawm
(fasting)duringMondaysandThursdaysandthreedaysofeverymonthisanactofworship
andobediencetoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)anditentailsagreatrewardandisawaytoattain
forgivenessofsins.However,ifyourmotherdoesnotagreetothis,youshouldnotdisplease
her,forthemotherhasagreatrightandbeingdutifultoherisamongthemostimportant
duties.SheisdoingsobecauseshefearsthatyoumaybecomelazyoutofSawmsothatyou
maybeunabletoseekyourprovisionandyourhouseholdduties.Youknowthatseeking www.ircpk.com
lawfullivelihoodofthefamilyisoneofthebestactsthatdrawoneclosetoAllah(Exaltedbe
He)andisbetterthandevotingoneselftosupererogatorySawmandSalah.Anyway,Iadvise
youtolistentoherandobserveherrequestconcerningthis.Inthefuture,ifyoufindan
opportunitytofastyoucanaskherpermissionandobservefastingifitdoesnotdisableyouor
weakenyousothatyoucannotfulfillthedutiesyouarechargedwithasalreadyreferredto.

IaskAllahtogiveyouagoodunderstandingofreligionguideyoutothestraightpathgrant
usandyousincererepentanceandprotectallofusfromthewhispersofSatan,theevilofthe
selfandthebaddeeds,forHeistheMostGenerous.

MayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponHisSlaveandMessenger,ourProphetMuhammad,
hishouseholdandCompanions!

DeputyofthePresidentoftheIslamicUniversityinAlMadinahAlMunawwarah.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:302)

HowtoofferTawbahfromcommittingsins

From`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaztothehonorablebrother(...............),MayAllahgranthim
success!

A ssalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbe
uponyou!):

IherebyinformyouofreceivingyourundatedlettermayAllahguideyouinwhichyou
declarecommittingsomeprohibitionsandregrettingthis,inadditiontoinquiringaboutthe
rightpathtilltheendofyourletter.

Therefore,werecommendyoutoabidebyTawbah(repentance),regretyourmisdeeds,haveasincere
intentionnottoreturntothisagain,observemuchIstighfar(seekingforgivenessfromAllah)anddomany
gooddeeds.Inthisway,youcanrejoiceatreceivingbenefactionandattainingagoodend,pursuantto
Allah'sSaying(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe): Andverily,Iamindeedforgivingtohimwhorepents,believes(inMy
Oneness,andassociatesnoneinworshipwithMe)anddoesrighteousgooddeeds,andthenremainsconstantindoingthem,(tillhis
death). MayAllahguideyouandustothatwhichpleasesHim.Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullah
wabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:303)

APieceofAdvicetoObserveTawbah

andSeekRefugewithAllahfromSatan

From`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaztothehonorablebrother(...)mayAllahgranthimsuccess!

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

Inreferencetoyourundatedletter,IwaspleasedtoknowthatyourepentedtoAllahofwhatyoudid,praise
betoAllahforthat.IadviseyoutocontinuerepentingandstrivingtoobeyAllahandtohavegladtidings
withgoodandbestoutcome.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AsforthosewhostrivehardinUs(Our
Cause),WewillsurelyguidethemtoOurPaths(i.e.AllhsreligionIslmicMonotheism).Andverily,AllhiswiththeMuhsinn
(gooddoers)." Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: AndwhosoeverfearsAllhandkeepshisdutytoHim,Hewillmakeaway
Iadviseyoutoalso
forhimtogetout(fromeverydifficulty). AndHewillprovidehimfrom(sources)henevercouldimagine.
frequentlyrecitetheEverGloriousQur'anandcontemplateitsmeaningswhichcontainguidanceandlight.
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Verily,thisQurnguidestothatwhichismostjustandright Besides,Iadviseyoutoseek
refugewithAllahagainstSatanwhenhavinginsinuations,andiftheyarerelatedtoAllah,HisMessenger
(peacebeuponhim)ortheLastDay,youshouldsay:"IbelieveinAllahandHisMessengers,"alongwith
seekingAllah'sRefuge.

HereisacopyofourFatawa(legalopinionsissuedbyaqualifiedMuslimscholar),andthebooksofAl
`AqidahAlWasitiyyah,BulughulMaram,FathAlMajidandThalathatAl`Usul.IaskAllahtoguideyou
andustowhatpleasesHim.HeistheMostGenerous.Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:304)

APieceofAdviceforThoseAfflictedwithSinsandthenRepented

Q:Iamasecondaryschoolstudent.IwasreligiouslycommittedandlovingoftheEver
GloriousQur'anandknowledge.Then,Ichangedandbegantokeepbadcompanyandpractice
masturbationanddomanyevilssuchassodomy,playingaroundwithgirlsandspyingonthe
neighbors.ItalkwithmycolleaguesaboutreligionandIslamicgroupsatschool,theMasjid
(mosque)andathome.

Manyatime,IhavetriedtogiveupsinsbutIcouldnot.Ineedasatisfactorytreatment
prescribedbyAllahandHisMessenger.IwillbecomesatisfiedonlywhenIgetyourresponse.
MayAllahsaveyouforIslamandgrantyouhealthandsafety!Assalamu`alaykum
warahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

AservantofAllah

A:Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh

IaskAllahwithhisMostBeautifulNamesandAttributestograntyousincereTawbah
(repentancetoAllah),openyourhearttoacceptAlHaqq(theTruth)andprotectyoufrom
befriendingevilpeople.Heisthebesttoaskforhelp.Iadviseyoutoadheretosincere
Tawbah,whichincludesthreethings:

1Regrettingallpastsins.

2GivingthemallupforfearofAllahandoutofglorifyinghim.

3SinceredeterminationnottocommitthesesinsagainseekingrewardfromAllah.

Whenyoudothis,youwillbegiventhegladtidingsofforgivenessandgoodoutcome.May
AllahguideusalltowhatpleasesHimandprotectusallagainstthewhispersofSatanandthe
evilofthesoulandevildeeds.HeisAllHearer,EverNear.

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:305)

Whatshouldayoungmandoifherepents

fromsinsandthenreturnstothem?

Q:Iama19yearoldman.Ihavewrongedmyselfalotbycommittingsins.Idonotobserve
Salah(prayer)intheMasjid(mosque)andhaveneverfastedthewholemonthofRamadan.I
commitmanyotherevildeeds.EverytimeIintendtoobserveTawbah(repentance),Ireturn
tothesesinsagain.Inourneighborhood,Itendtoassociatewithsomeyoungmenwhoare
nottotallyupright.Mybrothers'friends,whofrequentlyvisitus,arealsonotgood.Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)knowsthatIhavewrongedmyselfalotbycommittingmanysinsand
abominableacts.AsIhavepreviouslymentioned,everytimeIdecidetorepent,Irelapseonce
again.IhopeyouwillguidemetothewaythatdrawsmeclosertomyLordanddrivesme
awayfromsuchevildeeds.

A : :Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Say:"O Ibd(Myslaves)whohavetransgressedagainst


themselves(bycommittingevildeedsandsins)!DespairnotoftheMercyofAllh:verily,Allhforgivesallsins.TrulyHeisOft
Forgiving,MostMerciful. AllscholarsunanimouslyagreedthatthisnobleAyahwasrevealedto
addressrepentantwhoeverrepentsoftheirsinssincerely,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)willforgive
alltheirsinsaccordingtothisnobleAyahandtoHisSaying(GlorifiedbeHe): Oyouwhobelieve!
TurntoAllhwithsincererepentance!ItmaybethatyourLordwillexpiatefromyouyoursins,andadmityouintoGardensunder
whichriversflow(Paradise) Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)hasconditionedforgivenessofsinsandentering
Jannah(Paradise)onobservanceofsincereTawbah,whichinvolvesabandoningsins,being
carefulofthem,regrettingthepastdeeds,andhavingasincerewillnottoreturntothem,out
ofglorificationofAllah(GlorifiedbeHe),wishingtoattainHisReward,andfearingtobe
takenbyHisPunishment.

AmongtheconditionsofsincereTawbahistoreturnrightsbacktotheirowners,orrequest
theirforgivenessifthesinisconcernedwithblood,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:306)

moneyorhonor.However,ifthisisunavailable,apersonshouldsupplicatealotandmention
thebestdeedsoftheaggrievedoneinthesamepointsatwhichtheyusedtobackbitehim,as
gooddeedswipeawaybadones.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: AndallofyoubegAllhtoforgiveyouall,O
believers,thatyoumaybesuccessful Therefore,He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)hasmadesuccessin
thisAyahdependantonTawbah,whichindicatesthattherepentantpersonwillachieve
successandhappiness.Apartfromthis,ifarepentantpersonfollowstheirTawbahupwith
Iman(Belief/faith)andrighteousdeeds,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)willeliminatealltheir
misdeedsandreplacethemwithgoodonesjustasHe(GlorifiedbeHe)statesinSurahAl
FurqanonmentioningShirk(associatingothersinworshipwithAllah),killingwithoutajust
causeorZina(premaritalsexualintercourseand/oradultery): andwhoeverdoesthisshallreceivethe
punishment. ThetormentwillbedoubledtohimontheDayofResurrection,andhewillabidethereinindisgrace Exceptthose
whorepentandbelieve(inIslmicMonotheism),anddorighteousdeedsforthose,Allhwillchangetheirsinsintogooddeeds,and
AllhisOftForgiving,MostMerciful.

AmongthereasonsofrealizingTawbahistosupplicatetoAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)andaskHim
forsuccessandguidancetoobserveTawbah.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: InvokeMe,[i.e.believein
MyOneness(IslmicMonotheism)andaskMeforanything]Iwillrespondtoyour(invocation). He(GlorifiedandExalted
beHe)alsosays: AndwhenMyslavesaskyou(OMuhammad)concerningMe,then(answerthem),Iam
indeednear(tothembyMyKnowledge).IrespondtotheinvocationsofthesupplicantwhenhecallsonMe(withoutanymediatoror
intercessor). AnotherreasonforrealizingTawbahistoabidebyit,associatewithrighteous
peopleandfollowtheirexampleindoingrighteousdeeds,aswellaskeepingawayfromevil
people.ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said: Man
followsthereligionofhisfriendsoeachoneshouldconsiderwhomtheybefriend. He(peacebeupon)alsosaid: The
exampleofarighteouscompanionandaneviloneisthatofthesellerofmuskandthemanwhoworksthebellows,asthesellerof
muskwilleithergiveyousomeperfumeasapresent,oryouwillbuysomefromhim,oryouwillcatchagoodsmellfromhim,butthe
onewhoworksthebellowswilleitherburnyourclothesoryouwillcatcharepugnantsmellfromhim .

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:307)

MeritsofTawbahandtheobligationofrepeatingitwhennecessary

Q:Icommittedmyselfmorethanoncetoavoidacertainactbut,unfortunately,Ididnot
fulfillthiscommitment.Pleaseadvisemeandwhoeveractslikewise.

A : ThisneedselaborationifyouhavecommittedyourselftorefrainfromdoingwhatAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)hasprohibited,youshouldrepenttoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andreverttoHim,
forwhoeverrepents,AllahwillaccepttheirTawbah(repentance).

However,Tawbahincludesthreethings:regrettingthepastmisdeeds,refrainingfromdoing
themandhavingasincerewillnottoreturntothemoutofglorificationtoAllahanddevotion
toHim(GlorifiedbeHe).Thus,ifaMuslimobservesthis,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
willaccepthisTawbah.Moreover,toattainperfectTawbah,apersonshouldfollowitupwith
righteousdeedsanduprightness.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Andverily,Iamindeed
forgivingtohimwhorepents,believes(inMyOneness,andassociatesnoneinworshipwithMe)anddoesrighteousgooddeeds,and
thenremainsconstantindoingthem,(tillhisdeath). He(ExaltedbeHe)alsosaysonmentioningShirk
(associatingothersinworshipwithAllah),killingandZina(premaritalsexualintercourse
and/oradultery)inSurahAlFurqan: andwhoeverdoesthisshallreceivethepunishment. Thetormentwillbe
doubledtohimontheDayofResurrection,andhewillabidethereinindisgrace Exceptthosewhorepentandbelieve(inIslmic
Allah(GlorifiedandExalted
Monotheism),anddorighteousdeedsforthose,Allhwillchangetheirsinsintogooddeeds
beHe)hasmentionedthatwhoeverrepentsandfollowsTawbahupwithTrueIman
(Faith/belief)andrighteousdeeds,thatHe(GlorifiedbeHe)willreplacetheirmisdeedswith
goodones,andthisincludesacceptanceofTawbah.Then,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)has
extendedHisFavorinthismatterbyreplacingeverymisdeedwithagoodonebymeansofHis
Generosity,BountifulnessandGrace(GlorifiedbeHe).

However,ifthesininvolvesarightofpeoplesuchastheftoranysortofaggressionagainst
people'smoney,bloodorhonor,thesinnershouldaskthepersonforpardonorreturnthe
righttohim,sothattherewillbenorightuponhim.

Thesameappliestoaggressionagainsthonor.Theaggressorshouldaskforforgivenessfrom
thevictimunlesstheformerfearsevilbecauseofinformingthelatterofGhibah(backbiting)
forexample.Inthiscase,theaggressorshouldnottellthevictimbutrathersupplicatefor
them,seekAllah'sforgivenessforthem,andmentionthegoodattributestheyknowinorder
toequalizethepreviousmisdeedstheymentioned.

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:308)

AMuslimSinnerwillnotsufferHelleternally

Q:Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Verily,AllhforgivesnotthatpartnersshouldbesetupwithHim(inworship),butHe
forgivesexceptthat(anythingelse)towhomHewills Healsosays: Andverily,Iamindeedforgivingtohimwhorepents,
believes(inMyOneness,andassociatesnoneinworshipwithMe)anddoesrighteousgooddeeds,andthenremainsconstantindoing
them,(tillhisdeath). IsthereanyconflictbetweenthesetwoAyahs?WhatismeantbyHisSaying:
Heforgivesexceptthat(anythingelse)towhomHewills ?

`A.A.Z.,Jaddah

A : Thereisnoconflictbetweenthem.ThefirstAyahspeaksaboutwhoeverdieswhile
embracingShirk(associatingothersinworshipwithAllah)withoutobservingTawbah
(repentance)inthiscase,theywillnotbeforgivenandwillbeinHelleternally.Thisis
accordingtoAllah'sSaying(GlorifiedbeHe): Verily,whosoeversetsuppartners(inworship)withAllh,thenAllh
hasforbiddenParadisetohim,andtheFirewillbehisabode.AndfortheZlimn(polytheistsandwrongdoers)therearenohelpers.
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: ButiftheyhadjoinedinworshipotherswithAllh,allthatthey
TheAyahs,whichstressthismeaning,arenumerous.As
usedtodowouldhavebeenofnobenefittothem.
forthesecondAyah,inwhichAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Andverily,Iamindeedforgivingtohimwho
repents,believes(inMyOneness,andassociatesnoneinworshipwithMe)anddoesrighteousgooddeeds,andthenremains
constantindoingthem,(tillhisdeath). itisrelatedtotherepentant.ThesameappliestoHisSaying
(GlorifiedbeHe): Say:"OIbd(Myslaves)whohavetransgressedagainstthemselves(bycommittingevildeedsandsins)!
DespairnotoftheMercyofAllh:verily,Allhforgivesallsins.TrulyHeisOftForgiving,MostMerciful. Scholars
unanimouslyagreedthatthisAyahconcernstherepentantwhereasHisSaying(Glorifiedbe
He): butHeforgivesexceptthat(anythingelse)towhomHewills isconcernedwithwhoeverdiesbefore
repentingofsinsthatarelowerthanShirk,forinthiscase,theirmatterwillbelefttoAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)toforgiveorpunishthemaccordingtoHisWill.IfAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
punishesthem,theywillnotbeeternallyinHellliketheKuffar(disbelievers)asdeclaredby
t h eKhawarij(separatistgroupthatbelievescommittingamajorsinamountstodisbelief),theMu`tazilah(adeviantIslamicsect
claimingthatthosewhocommitmajorsinsareinastatebetweenbeliefanddisbelief)orwhoeverfollowedtheirway.
Rather,theywillbereleasedfromHellafterbeingpurified(fromsins)asindicatedbyseveral
HadithsreportedfromtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim),andagreeduponbythe
Salaf(righteouspredecessors)ofthisUmmah(nationofcreed).AllahistheOneWhogrants
success.

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:309)

OurLordinHeaven

Q:AradiostationbroadcastedastoryaboutaboywhoaskedhisfatheraboutAllah.The
fatheransweredthatAllahexistseverywhere.Myquestionis:Whatistherulingofthe
Shari`ahonthisanswer?

`AbdullahM.Riyadh

A : ThisanswerisfalseitbelongstothosewhocommitBid`ahs(innovationsinreligion)such
a sJahmiyyah(adeviantIslamicsectdenyingsomeAttributesofAllah,claimingtheyareascribedtopeopleandcannotbeascribedto
Allah)andMu`tazilah(adeviantIslamicsectclaimingthatthosewhocommitmajorsinsareinastatebetweenbeliefanddisbelief)
andthosewhoadoptedtheirway.TherightopinionisthatheldbyAhlulSunnahwal
Jama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody)thatAllah(Glorifiedbe
He)isintheheavensabovethe`Arsh(AllahsThrone)aboveallcreaturesasprovedbyAyahs
(Qur'anicverses),PropheticHadithsandIjma`(consensus)ofSalaf(righteouspredecessors).
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Indeed,yourLordisAllh,WhocreatedtheheavensandtheearthinSix
Days,andthenHeroseover(Istaw)theThrone(reallyinamannerthatsuitsHisMajesty). Thesamemeaningis
repeatedinanothersixAyahsintheEverGloriousQur'an.

AccordingtoAhlu lSunnah,Istiwa'(Allah'srisingovertheThroneinamannerthatbefits
Him)meanshighnessandexaltednessover`ArshinawaybefittingtheMagnificenceofAllah
(GlorifiedbeHe)andknownonlybyHim.Malik(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim),whenasked
aboutthis,said:"Istiwa'iswellknown,itsmannerisunknown,believinginitisobligatoryand
askingaboutitisBid`ah."Hemeansaskingaboutitswayofperformance.

ThismeaningwasalsoexpressedbyhisShaykhRabi`ahibnAbu`AbdulRahmanontheauthorityofUm
S a l a m a h (mayAllahbepleasedwithher),whichisthesayingofAhlulSunnahoftheSahabah
(CompanionsoftheProphet,mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)andthelattereminent
scholars.InotherAyahs,AllahsaysthatHeisHighinheavenHe(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Sothe
judgementisonlywithAllh,theMostHigh,theMostGreat! Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: To
Himascend(all)thegoodlywords,andtherighteousdeedsexaltit(i.e.thegoodlywordsarenotacceptedbyAllhunlessanduntil
theyarefollowedbygooddeeds) Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: andHefeelsnofatigueinguardingandpreserving
them.AndHeistheMostHigh,theMostGreat. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Doyoufeelsecure
thatHe,Whoisovertheheaven(Allh),willnotcausetheearthtosinkwithyou,andthenitshouldquake? Ordoyoufeelsecure
thatHe,Whoisovertheheaven(Allh),willnotsendagainstyouaviolentwhirlwind?Thenyoushallknowhow(terrible)hasbeenMy
Warning.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:310)

IntheseandothersimilarAyahs,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)statesthatHeisHighinheaven,
whichagreeswiththeevidenceprovidedbyAyahsrelatedtoIstiwa'.Accordingly,thesaying
ofthepeopleofBid`ahsthatAllahexistseverywhereiscompletelyfalse,whichisthecreedof
thedeviantandinnovativeHulul(aSufitermmeaningindwelling)thisisKufr(disbelief),
deviationandalieaboutAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).Itis
authenticallyreportedthathe(peacebeuponhim)said: DonotyoutrustmethoughIamthetrustworthy
manoftheOneintheHeavens? ThesamewasemphasizedintheHadithsaboutIsra'(NightJourney)
andMi`raj(AscensiontoHeaven)andothers.

MayAllahgrantussuccess!

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ItisImpermissibletoWrongtheServants

Q:Towhatextentoneshouldobeyhisparents?IsthisWajib(obligatory)inallcases?Isit
Haram(prohibited)tohireaBuddhistservantathome,particularlyifthisistherequestofthe
mother?Isitpermissibletodisobeythemotherinthiscase?Isitpermissibleformetoannoy
themaidservantuntilshedislikestayingandleavestohercountry?

Guideme,mayAllahblessyou!

M.SRiyadh

A : Oneshouldbedutifulandkindtohisparentsandobeytheminmattersthataregood,for
AllahordersustodothisinHisEverGloriousQur'anandsodidHisMessenger(peacebeupon
him)andconsidereddisobeyingthemoneofthegravestmajorsins.

However,itisnotpermissibletoobeythemorothersinanysin.TheProphet(peacebeupon
him)said: Obedienceisonlybindinginwhatisgood. TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbe
uponhim)alsosays: NoobediencetoanyoneisbindingwhenitleadstothedisobedienceofAllah.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:311)

AsforhiringKafir(disbeliever/nonMuslim)servantssuchasBuddhist,Christianorother
disbelievingpeople,thisisnotpermissibleintheArabianPeninsula,fortheprophet(peacebe
uponhim)forbadethisandorderedustodrivetheKafirsoutofit.ItisthecradleofIslamand
theplacewheretheMessagefirstdawned.Soitisnotpermissiblefortworeligionstocoexist
there.ItisnotpermissibletobringanyKafirthereexceptincasesofnecessity,asdecreedby
theauthorities,thenhe(theKafir)shouldreturntohishomeland.

Whatyouandyourmotherhavetodoistosendherbacktohercountry.Itisnotpermissible
foryouoryourmothertomistreather,ratherwhatyoumustdoistotreatherinakind
mannerwhilesheiswithyouuntilshereturnstohercountry,becauseAllahhasforbidden
wrongdoingHisslaveswhetherMuslimsornot,astheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said:
Bewareofoppression,foroppressionwillbedarknessontheDayofResurrection. He(peacebeuponhim)saidthat
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)said: OMyslaves,IhaveforbiddenoppressiontoMyselfandIhavemadeit
Haramamongyou,sodonotoppressoneanother. MayAllahgrantussuccess!

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RulingonLivingwithaSpouseWhoDoesnotOfferSalah

orSawm

F r o m`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaztothehonorablesister...MayAllahguidehertowhatpleasesHimand
helpherunderstandandsticktoIslam!

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbe
uponyou!)

OnMondayJumadahII14,1411A.H.correspondingtoDecember31,1990,Igotyourletterin
whichyouexplainedthecaseofyourhusbandwhoostensiblyembracedIslamandsoyou
agreedtomarryhimandhadtwochildrenfromhim.Then,itbecamecleartoyouthathe
abusesandridiculesIslamhesaysthatreligionsaresuperstitionshedoesnotofferSalah
(prayer),Sawm(fast),Zakah(obligatorycharity)orHajj,hedrinksKhamr(intoxicant)and
eatspork.

Ifyouarerightconcerningwhatyousaid,thehusbandinquestionisnotaMuslimnoraChristian

(PartNo:6,PageNo:312)

rather,heisanatheistKafir(disbeliever).WeaskAllahtosaveyoufromhim.Itisnotpermissibleforyouto
staywithhimyoushouldaskforTalaq(divorce)andAllahwillcompensateyouwithsomethingbetter,in
shaaAllah(ifAllahwills).InSurah(Qur'anicchapter)AlTalaq,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Andwhosoever
fearsAllhandkeepshisdutytoHim,Hewillmakeawayforhimtogetout(fromeverydifficulty). AndHewillprovidehimfrom
(sources)henevercouldimagine. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: andwhosoeverfearsAllhandkeepshisdutytoHim,
Hewillmakehismattereasyforhim.Youhavetherighttokeepyourchildren,forheisKafirandyouareMuslim.
ChildrenfollowtheparentwhohasthebestreligionandthereligionofIslamisAlHaqq(theTruth)and
othercreedsarefalse.InSurahAl`Imran,Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Truly,thereligionwithAllh
isIslm. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: AndwhoeverseeksareligionotherthanIslm,itwillneverbeacceptedofhim,
andintheHereafterhewillbeoneofthelosers. AndinSurahAlMa'idah: Thisday,Ihaveperfectedyourreligionforyou,
completedMyFavouruponyou,andhavechosenforyouIslmasyourreligion.

IaskAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)tohelpusallsticktoIslam,grantyouawayoutfromeverydistress
andrelieffromeveryanxietyandtocompensateyouwithabetterMuslimhusband.IaskHim(Glorifiedbe
He)toalsoguideyourhusbandtoIslam,bringhimbacktoAlHaqqandprotecthimfromtheevilof
himself,Satanandbadcompanions.He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)istheMostGenerouandOmnipotent.

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh

Chairman

oftheDepartmentsofScholarlyResearch,Ifta',Daw`ah,andGuidance

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:313)

FearofDeath

Q:AMuslimsisterfromRiyadhaskswhethertheMu'min(believer)shouldnotfeardeath.If
thisisthecase,doesthisreflectone'shavingnowishtomeetAllah?

A : ThebelievingmenandwomenshouldfearandhavehopeinAllah(GlorifiedbeHe).Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)states: sofearthemnot,butfearMe,ifyouare(true)believers. Allah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)alsosays: ThereforefearnotmenbutfearMe(OJews) Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)also
says: andfearnonebutMe. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Verily,thosewhohavebelieved,andthosewhohave
emigrated(forAllhsReligion)andhavestrivenhardintheWayofAllh,allthesehopeforAllhsMercy. Allah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)alsosays: SowhoeverhopesfortheMeetingwithhisLord,lethimworkrighteousnessandassociate
noneasapartnerintheworshipofhisLord. NobelievingmanorwomanshoulddespairofAllah'sMercyor
feelsecureagainstthePlanofAllah.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)states: Say:"OIbd(Myslaves)whohave
transgressedagainstthemselves(bycommittingevildeedsandsins)!DespairnotoftheMercyofAllh:verily,Allhforgivesallsins.
TrulyHeisOftForgiving,MostMerciful. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: andnevergiveuphopeof
Allah(GlorifiedandExalted
A l l hsMercy.Certainly,noonedespairsofAllhsMercy,exceptthepeoplewhodisbelieve.
beHe)alsosays: DidtheythenfeelsecureagainstthePlanofAllh?NonefeelssecurefromthePlanofAllhexceptthe
peoplewhoarethelosers.

EveryMuslimshouldbereadytomeetdeathandbewareofneglectingit,becauseofthe
abovementionedAyahs(Qur'anicverses).ItisreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
stated: Rememberthedestroyeroftheenjoyments(death)continuously. Beingheedlessofdeathand
unpreparedforitarecausesofbadend.Itisauthenticallyreportedthat`Aishah(mayAllahbe
pleasedwithher)narratedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said:

(PartNo:6,PageNo:314)

"HewholovesmeetingAllah,Allahwilllovetomeethim,andhewhodislikestomeetAllah,Allahdislikestomeethim."I('A'ishah)
said:"Allah'sMessenger,asfordeath,weallhateit."Thereuponhe(theProphet)said:"Itisnotthat(whichyouconstrue),but(this)
thatwhenabeliever(atthetimeofdeath)isgiventhegladtidingsofthemercyofAllah,HisPleasure,andofparadise,helongsto
meetAllah,andAllahalsolovestomeethimandwhenaKafir(disbeliever/nonMuslim)isgiventhenewsofthetormentand
hardshipwhichheisgoingtofaceattheHandofAllah,heabhorstomeetAllahandAllahalsohatesmeetinghim. (Agreed
uponbyAlBukhariandMuslim)ThisHadithisevidenceofthefactthatthereisnothingwrong
withdislikingandfearingdeath,forthisdoesnotindicatedislikingtomeetAllah.Whenthe
Mu'minhatesorfearsdeath,hehopestoincreasehisrighteousdeedsandobeyAllahin
preparationtomeetHim.

ThereisnothingwrongwiththeMuslimfearingharmfulanimalssuchaspredators,snakes,
etc.,andtoguardhimselfagainstthem.Similarly,thereisnothingwrongwithMuslimsfearing
theirenemyandpreparetofighthim.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)states: Andmakereadyagainstthemall
youcanofpower ThemeaningistomakereadyfortheenemyalongwithrelyingonAllahand
believingthatvictoryisfromAllhfortheMu'minshouldadoptthemeansasAllahordersbut
shouldnotrelyonthemindependently.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)states: (Remember)whenyousought
helpofyourLordandHeansweredyou(saying):"Iwillhelpyouwithathousandoftheangelseachbehindtheother(followingone
another)insuccession." Allhmadeitonlyasgladtidings,andthatyourheartsbeatresttherewith.Andthereisnovictoryexcept
fromAllh.Verily,AllhisAllMighty,AllWise.

ThefearwhichAllahforbidsistofearacreaturetoadegreethatmakesonegiveupan
obligationorcommitsin.Inthisrespect,Allahstates: sofearthemnot,butfearMe,ifyouare(true)
believers. ThisinvolesfearingothersbesideAllahbywayofworship,orthinkingtheyknow
Ghayb(theUnseen),managetheaffairsoftheuniverse,harmorbenefitwithoutAllah'sWill,
asdotheMushriks(thosewhoassociateotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)with
theirgods.

MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:315)

TheShar`i(Islamicallylawful)treatmentofdistressanddoubts

Q:Iliveindistressandmisery,thoughfouryearsago,IwashappyandsatisfiedwithAllah's
Favor.IwasdevotedtoAllahandhopefulofAllah'sReward,performingSalah(prayer)and
Sawm(fast)andcallingtoAllah.IwasjealousofthestatusofMuslimstillItookpartinJihad
(fighting/strivingintheCauseofAllah)inAfghanistan.IpromisedAllahnottoreturntillI
achievedvictorybutIbecameweakandreturnedintwomonths,upontheinsistenceofmy
parents.Then,mywholelifechangedtotheextentthatIdoubttheexistenceofAllahandthe
authenticityoftheEverGloriousQur'anandSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet).
IpushedsuchthoughtsawayandsearchedinthetapesandbooksofSheikhAlZandanyand
AlHaqq(theTruth)appeared.Nevertheless,somedoubtsandinsinuationsstillhauntme.The
gravestdisasteristhatIdonotfeelfearofAllahinmyheart.IconstantlymakeIstighfar
(seekingforgivenessfromAllah)asIhavebeensufferingfromthisforayearandhalf.Itried
everythingtomakesureofAlHaqqanddispelsuchdoubts,butinvain.AssoonasIbeginto
followAlHaqqforatime,IreturntowhatIheld.IusedtofasttheWhiteDays(13th,14th,
and15thofeveryHijrimonth)andperformTahajjud(optionallatenightPrayer),Istilldothis
butIdonotfeelthejoy.

IsoldmycarandgavethemoneytocharityfortheSakeofAllah,hopingthatAllahmight
bringmebacktoHim.However,everydayIfindmyselfworsethanbefore.Istartedto
devoutlyreciteaJuz'(a30thoftheQur'an)everyday,butthisdoeslittletoaffectandassure
myheart.IfindmyheartheedlessandimpervioustoAlHaqqIfearAllah'sAngeroverwhatI
havedone.IalsogiveaquarterofmysalaryincharityfortheSakeofAllahandtakecareof
orphans.IamnotaffectedbyadmonitionsasbeforeIaccusemyselfofFisq(flagrantviolation
ofIslamiclaw),Fujur(wickedness,evildoing)andsometimesKufr(disbelief).Ihavetried
everymeans,butstillthedoubtsandinsinuationsdestroymeandIcannotgetridofthem.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:316)

You,Sheikh,aremylasthopeinthisworldafterAllah(GlorifiedbeHe).Iwillnotcomplainto
anyoneafteryou.IsthereasolutionoratreatmentforwhatIsufferfrom?Iwillseekthe
HelpofAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)andcarryoutyourordersInshaaAllah(ifAllahwills).Ihope
youwillsupplicateAllahformeinthedarknessofnighttohavemercyuponmeandtobring
mebacktoHim.MayAllahrewardyoubest!

A ssalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbe
uponyou!)

Yours,KhamisMishit

A : InthenameofAllah.PeaceandblessingsbeupontheMessengerofAllah.Assalamu
`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh.

Ihavereadyourletterandwasdistressedatthedoubtsandinsinuationsthathavebefallen
you.IaskAllahtogiveyouguidance,returnyoutoAlHaqq,fillyourheartwithtrueIman
(Faith/belief),grantyousincereTawbah(repentancetoAllah)andprotectyouagainstthe
insinuationsofSatan.HeistheMostGenerous.

ThishappenedtosomeoftheSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet)wheretheydoubted
somemattersrelatedtoAllah(GlorifiedbeHe).TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)advised
themtosay,whenhavingsuchfeelings,: "ItrulybelieveinAllahandHismessengers," andtoseekrefuge
fromAllahandgivethemup.SoIadviseyouasdidtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)withthe
Sahabahtosaysuchwordswheneveryouarestrickenwithanysuchdoubts:"IbelieveinAllah
andHisMessengers,IseekrefugeinAllahfromtheaccursedSatan."

Iadviseyoutorepeatthiswheneveranevilthoughtcomestoyou.Iadviseyoualsonotto
despairofAllah'sMercy.YoumustrecitetheEverGloriousQur'anoften,andcontemplateits
meaningsandsupplicatetoAllahwithsincerity,hopeandfeartoguideyoutoAlHaqqand
removetheseinsinuations.

YoushouldsupplicatetoAllahfrequentlyduringthenightprayerinSujud(prostration)and
betweentheAdhan(calltoPrayer)andIqamah(calltostartthePrayer).Youshouldthink
wellofAllah,forHe(GlorifiedbeHe)statedinwhatwasreportedfromHimbyHisProphet
Muhammad(peacebeuponhim): IamneartothethoughtofMyservantashethinksaboutMeandIamwithhim
whenhecallsMe. Inanotherwording: IfheremembersMe... Youshouldkeepagoodcompanyand
bewareofbadcompany.
www.ircpk.com
MayAllahguideusalltowhatpleasesHimandtoAlSiratulMustaqim(theStraightPath)!

A ssalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbe
uponyou!)

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:317)

MeaningofBid'ahandItsUseinTopicsof`Ibadah

Q:WhenisitpermissibletodescribeanactasbeingBid`ah(innovationinreligion)?IsBid`ah
confinedtotheactsof`Ibadah(worship)onlyorexpandedtotransactionsaswell?

A:InthepurifiedShari`ah(Islamiclaw),Bid`ahdescribesany`Ibadahthatpeopleinnovate
withouthavingabaseintheBookortheSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet)and
thefourRightlyGuidedCaliphsdidnotperformit.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: He
whoinnovatesthingsinouraffairsforwhichthereisnovalid(reason)(commitssin)andthesearetoberejected. (Agreed
uponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim).He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: Hewhodoesanyactfor
whichthereisnosanctionfromourbehalf,thatistoberejected. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih(authentic)
BookofHadith)He(peacebeuponhim)saidalsointheHadithreportedontheauthorityofAl
`IrbadibnSariyah(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim): HoldfasttomySunnahandtheexamplesoftheRightlyGuided
Caliphswhowillcomeafterme.Adheretothemandholdtothemfast.Avoidnovelties(inreligion),foreverynoveltyisBid`ah,and
everyBid`ahleadstomisguidance. (RelatedbyAhmad,AbuDawud,AtTirmidhyandIbnMajah,
throughaSahihSanad[chainofnarrators])TherearesomanyHadithstothesameeffect.

IntheArabiclanguage,Bid`ahreferstothingsinventedoractsdonewithnoprecedent
however,theyarenotprevented,iftheyarenotrelatedtoreligion.AsforBid`ahrelatedto
dealings,ifitisinaccordancewiththeShari`ah,itisaShar`y(Islamicallylawful)contract.If
itcontradictstheShari`ah,thecontractisnullandvoidandisnotcalledasBid`ahinthe
Shari`ahforitisnot`Ibadah.

www.ircpk.com

RulingonCelebratingtheMawlidoftheProphetandOtherMawlidCelebrations

PraisebetoAllah.PeacebeuponHisMessenger,hisfamily,andhisCompanions!OnThursdayRabi`
Awwal18,78A.H,IhavereadthearticlewrittenbyMuhammadAminYahyaandpublishedbyAlAdwa'
NewspaperonTuesdayRabi`Awwal16,1378A.H.ThewriterstatedthatMuslimsallovertheworld
celebratetheMawlid(theProphet'sbirthday)invariousways.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:318)

Thewriteraddedthatweshouldcelebratethisdaybeforeanyoneelse.Thenewspapersshouldprepare
articlesandtheradioshouldprepareprogramsmarkingthismemorableoccasion.

IwonderedatthetheboldnessofthiswriterininvitingpeopletoaBid`ah(innovationinreligion)which
contradictsthewayoftheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim),theNobleSahabah(Companionsofthe
Prophet,mayAllahbepleasedwiththem),theSalaf(righteouspredecessors)whofollowedthemin
righteousnessinanIslamiccountrywhichappliesAllah'sShari`ah(Law)andfightsBid`ah.Asitismyduty
toadviseforthesakeofAllah,HisMessenger,HisBook,andtheMuslims,Ithoughtofwritingthisarticleto
warnthewriterandothersshowingtheShari`ahrulingoncelebratingthebirthdayoftheProphet(peacebe
uponhim).

Undoubtedly,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)sentMuhammad(peacebeuponhim)withguidanceandthereligionof
truthrepresentedinusefulknowledgeandgooddeeds.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)didnotpassaway
beforeAllah(ExaltedbeHe)perfectedHisReligionandcompletedHisFavoruponhimandhisUmmah
(Nation).Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Thisday,Ihaveperfectedyourreligionforyou,completedMyFavour
uponyou,andhavechosenforyouIslmasyourreligion. InthisNobleAyah,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)explainedthatHe
hasperfectedHisreligionandHisfavoruponHisSlaves.Whoeverintroducesanoveltyandclaimstobe
Mashru`(Islamicallyacceptable)andaskspeopletocareaboutandactaccordingly,entailsthattheReligion
hasnotyetbeencompleted.ThereisnodoubtthatthisisBatil(nullandvoid)andoneofthemostawful
fabricationsagainstAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)andcontradictsthepreviouslymentionedAyah.

Ifitwaspermissibletocelebratehisbirthday,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)wouldhaveexpoundedthe
mattertohisUmmahashewasthebestadvisorandthereisnoprophetafterhimtoexplainwhathe(peace
beuponhim)keptsilentabout.He(peacebeuponhim)isthefinalProphetandheexplainedtothepeople
theirdutiestowardshimsuchaslovinghimandfollowinghisShari`ah,invokingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)to
sendHispeaceandblessingsuponhimandhisotherrightsthatareexplainedintheQur'anandtheSunnah.
HedidnottellhisUmmahthatcelebratingthedayofhisbirthwasprescribedsothattheywouldact
accordingly.He(peacebeuponhim)didnotcelebrateitduringhislifetimenordidtheSahabah(mayAllah
bepleasedwiththem)whowerethedearestpeopletohimandthemostknowledgeableofhisrights,orthe
RightlyGuidedCaliphsoranyotherCompanion.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:319)

TheTabi`un(Followers,thegenerationaftertheCompanionsoftheProphet)whofollowedthemin
righteousnessinthebestthreegenerationsdidnotcelebratethisdayeither.Doyouthinkthatallthese
peoplewereignorantofhisrightsorfellshortwithregardtothem,untilthelatergenerationscameand
madeupforthisshortfallandmadethetruthcomplete?No,byAllah.Nowisemanwhounderstandsthe
natureoftheSahabahandtheTabi`unwouldsaythis.Ifyouunderstandthatthecelebrationofthe
Prophet'sbirthdaywasunknownduringthelifetimeoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim),hisSahabah,and
thetimeoftheirearliestfollowers,youwillrealizethatitisBid`ahthathasbeenintroducedintoreligion,
anditisnotpermissibletoholdit,approveofit,oradvocateitrather,wemustdenounceandwarnpeople
againstit.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidinhisFridayKhutbah(sermon), ThebestspeechisthatofAllah,
andthebestguidanceistheguidancegivenbyMuhammad(peacebeuponhim).Themostevilaffairsareinnovationsandevery
innovationisanerror. , YoumustfollowmySunnahandthatoftheRightlyGuidedCaliphs.Adheretothemandholdfasttothem.
, Whoeverintroducesanythingintothismatterof
Avoidnovelties,foreverynoveltyisaninnovation,andeveryinnovationisanerror.
ours(Islam)thatisnotpartofit,willhaveitrejected. Accordingtoanotherwording, Whoeverdoesanactionwhichisnotin
accordancewiththismatterofours(Islam),willhaveitrejected. TherearemanyHadithtothesameeffect.

WhoeverhastheleastknowledgeandinsightknowsthatshowingreverencefortheProphet(peacebeupon
him)shouldnotbethroughBid`ahliketheMawlid.Itshouldbethroughlovinghim,adheringandcallingto
hisShari`ah,andfightingBid`ahandwhimsthatcontradicthisway.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Say(O
Muhammad tomankind):"Ifyou(really)loveAllhthenfollowme(i.e.acceptIslmicMonotheism,followthe
Q u rnandtheSunnah),Allhwillloveyouandforgiveyouyoursins. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Andwhatsoeverthe
Itisreportedin
Messenger(Muhammad)givesyou,takeitandwhatsoeverheforbidsyou,abstain(fromit).
anauthenticHadiththattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, "AllmypeoplewillenterParadise,exceptthosewho
refuse. They(hisCompanions)said,OMessengerofAllah!Whowillrefuse?Hesaid,WhoeverobeysmewillenterParadise,and
whoeverdisobeyshasrefused. (RelatedbyAlBukhariinhisSahih(authentic)bookofHadith).

ShowingreverencetotheProphet(peacebeuponhim)shouldnotbeatcertaintimesoronceayear,asthis
isactuallyforsakinghim.Itisobligatoryto www.ircpk.com
(PartNo:6,PageNo:320)

showreverencefortheProphet(peacebeuponhim)allthetimethroughactingaccordingtohisSunnahand
callingtoit,andwarningagainstwhateveropposesit.Itisalsothroughshowinghisgooddeedsandhis
goodmorals,advisingpeopletoinvokeAllah(ExaltedbeHe)frequentlytosendpeaceandblessingupon
him.ThisisthewayofshowingreverencefortheProphet(peacebeuponhim)thatwasprescribedbyAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)tohisUmmahandonwhichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
haspromisedthemabundantgoodanddoublerewardandhonorinthisworldlylifeandeternalhappinessin
theHereafter.

TherulingwhichIhavementionedisquiteequallyappliedtoalltypesofMawlidandisnotexclusivetothe
celebrationoftheProphet'sbirthdaywhichpeopleinvented.Theevidenceshowsthatcelebratingthe
Prophet'sbirthdayisBid`ahwhichshouldnotbepermitted.ItisobligatoryuponscholarsandMuslimrulers
throughouttheIslamicworldtowarnpeopleagainstthisBid`ah.Theyshouldalsorenounceandprevent
holdingthiscelebrationasanactofobediencetoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andtheirdutytopointoutwhatis
wrongtoHisServants.TheyshouldexplaintothepeoplethathonoringtheMessengerofAllah(peacebe
uponhim),theothermessengers,andtherighteouspeopleisthroughfollowingtheirfootsteps,inviting
peopletowhatwasordainedbyAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),andwarn
themagainstanythingthatcontradictsit.ScholarswhoareknownforverifyingandglorifyingtheSunnah
disapproveofandwarnagainsttheseMawlids.TheydeclaredthatitisBid`ahthathasnoorigininthe
purifiedShari`ahandshouldnotbeallowed.

ItisobligatoryuponthewritertofearAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)inallhismatters,reckonhisactions,keepthe
limitsordainedbyAllah,andintroducenothingtoAllah'sReligionthatHedidnotprescribe.Allah(Exalted
beHe)hasperfectedHisReligionandcompletedHisFavorandtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)passed
awayaftershowinghisUmmahtheclearproofsfromwhichnoonedeviatesafterhimexceptonewhois
destinedtoberuined.

MayAllahguideusandallMuslimstoHisStraightPath,protectusagainstBid`ahandwhims,andhelpus
alltoadhere,honor,andactaccordingtotheSunnah.WeaskHimtohelpustocallpeopletoitandwarn
themagainstanythingthatcontradictsit.WeaskHimalsotoguidetherulersandthescholarstosupportthe
Truth,andtouprootevil,rejectandeliminateBid`ah.HeistheOneWhoisCapableofdoingso!MayPeace
andblessingsofAllahbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,andCompanions!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:321)

VisitingAlMasjidAlNabawyisaSunnah

Q:SomepeoplebelievethatifapilgrimisnotabletovisitAlMasjidAlNabawy(theProphets
MosqueinMadinah),theirHajjisincomplete.Isthistrue?

AquestionfromAlDir`iyyah

A : VisitingAlMasjidAlNabawyisaSunnah(acommendableact),notWajib(obligatory).It
hasnothingtodowithHajjitisaSunnahtovisitAlMasjidAlNabawyatanytimeofthe
year,notonlyatthetimeofHajj.ThisisaccordingtothesayingoftheProphet(peacebe
uponhim): DonotsetoutonajourneybuttothreeMasjids:AlMasjidAlHaram(theSacredMosqueinMakkah),thisMasjidof
mine(theProphet'sMosque),andAlMasjidAlAqsa(theAqsaMosqueinJerusalem). (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariand
Muslim)TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: ASalah(Prayer)inmyMasjidisathousandtimesmore
superiorthanaSalahinanyotherMasjid,exceptAlMasjidAlHaram. (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim)

IfapersonvisitsAlMasjidAlNabawy,itisprescribedforthemtooffertwoRak`ahs(unitsof
Prayer)inRawdah(areabetweentheProphetspulpitandgrave)andthengreettheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)andhistwoCompanions,AbuBakrand`Umar(mayAllahbepleasedwith
them).Itisalsoprescribedtovisit A lBaqi`andthemartyrsofUhudtogreettheSahabah
(CompanionsoftheProphet)andotherswhoareburiedthere,supplicatetoAllah(Exaltedbe
He)forthemandaskHimtobemercifulwiththem,justliketheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
usedtovisitthem.HetaughttheSahabahtosaywhenevertheyvisitedthegraves: Peacebe
uponyou,inhabitantsoftheabodesamongtheMu'mins(believers)andtheMuslims.Insha'aAllah(ifAllahwills),wewilljoinyou.
WeaskAllahforwellbeingforourselvesandforyou.

InanothernarrationreportedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim),heusedtosaywhenhe
visited A lBaqi`: MayAllahhavemercyonthosewhohavegoneaheadofusandthosewhowillcomelateron.OAllah!Have
mercyuponthepeopleofBaqi`AlGharqad.

ItisalsoprescribedforthosewhovisitAlMasjidAlNabawytovisittheMasjidofQuba'(atownnear
MadinahwheretheProphetestablishedthefirstmosque)andoffertwoRak`ahsthere,
becausetheProphet(peacebeuponhim)usedtovisititandoffertwoRak`ahsthereon
Saturdays.He(peacebeuponhim)said: IfapersonpurifiesthemselvesathomethengoestotheMasjidofQuba'to
offerSalahtherein,theywillhavearewardequaltothatofperforming`Umrah(lesserpilgrimage).

ThesearetheplacesthatshouldbevisitedinMadinah.However,regardingthesevenMasjids,
A lQiblataynMasjid,andotherplacesmentionedbysomepeopleasnecessarytovisit,thisis
groundlessandthereisnoevidenceforthat.AMu'minshouldalwaysfollowandimitate,not
innovatesomethingofnoorigininreligion.MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:322)

AcommentontheattempttorebuildadomeonAlKhatimWellinAlMadinahAl
Munawwarah

F r o m`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaztoHisEminenceShaykhMuhammadIbnIbrahimAlAlShaykh(mayAllahgrant
himsuccessandmakeIslamvictoriousthroughhim),Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh
(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

IhavebeenrecentlyinformedthatthemunicipalityofAlMadinahAlMunawwarahintendstorebuildthefamous
DomeontheAlKhatimWelllocatedinthewestofQuba'Mosque.Moreover,reliablesourceshaveattested
tothisinformation.I,therefore,calledHisHighnesstheprinceofAlMadinahtotellhimthatthisactis
impermissible.Thedomemustremainasitisnoworbeburiedandleveledtotheearthtoexpandthe
squarewheretaxisandothervehiclesstop.

IalsocalledShaykh`Abdul`AzizIbnSalihandinformedhimaboutthis.Hewasannoyedaboutthisactand
wrotetoHisHighnesstheprinceofAlMadinahconcerningthisissue.Enclosedisacopyofhisletter.Ifyou
findthatitispropertocallhisMajestythekingandadvisehimthatthedomemustbeburiedtoexpandthe
squareandpreventtheignorantfromusingthismeansofseekingblessingsfromsuchthings.Finally,your
viewisabsolutelytrueandsufficient,Godwilling.

MayAllahguideyoutothetruth,blessyourefforts,andmakeIslamvictoriousthroughyou!Assalamu
`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:323)

MarginalissueshavenoplaceinReligion

Q:Whatistherulingonthosewhosaythatshavingthebeardandmakingone'sgarment
shorteraremarginalmatters,notfundamentals?Whataboutthosewholaughatthosewho
observethesethings?

A : Thisisaseriousdeclarationandagrievousmistake.TherearenomarginalissuesinIslam.
Rather,thewholereligionisessentialandguidestothebestway.However,thereligious
principlesaredividedintofundamentalanddetails.Theissuesofgrowingthebeardand
shorteningthegarmentcomeunderthedetails,notthefundamentals.However,itisnot
permissibletocallanyoftheissuesofreligionmarginal.Apersonwhosayssuchathingby
wayofbelittlingormockingmaybeapostatizingfromhisreligion.Allah(mayHebeExaled)
says, Say:"WasitatAllh(),andHisAyt(proofs,evidence,verses,lessons,signs,revelations)andHisMessenger(
)thatyouweremocking?" Makenoexcuseyoudisbelievedafteryouhadbelieved.

TheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)istheonewhocommandedthatthebeardshouldbelet
togrowandtotrimthemustache.Itisessentialtoobeyhimandabidevenerablybyhis
commandsandprohibitionsinallmatters.

Moreover,AbuMuhammadibnHazmnarratedthatthescholarsholdconsensusontheordinanceof
lettingthebeardgrowandtrimmingthemustache.Undoubtedly,happiness,salvation,pride,
honor,andgoodconsequenceslieinobeyingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peace
beuponhim)whiledoom,loss,andbadconsequenceslieindisobeyingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).Similarly,wearingonesclothesabovetheanklesis
obligatorybecauseofthewordsoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim): Whateverpartofthelower
garmenthangsbelowtheanklesisintheFire. (RelatedbyAlBukhariinhisSahih)Andhe(peacebeupon
him)said, TherearethreetowhomAllahwillnotspeakontheDayofResurrection,norevenlookatthem,orpraisethem,and
theirswillbeapainfultorment:theonewholetshislowergarmenthangbelowhisanklestheonewhoremindsothersofthingshe
hasgiventothemandtheonewhosellshisproductbymeansoffalseoaths. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih).

He(peacebeuponhim)said: Allahwillnotlookattheonewholetshisgarmentdragoutofpride. (Agreedupon


byAlBukhariandMuslim)Therefore,itisthedutyofaMuslimtofearAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
andshortenhisgarmentabovetheankles,whetheritisagalabiyah,anizaar(lowergarment,
waistwrapper),pants,oracloak.Heshouldnotletitcomedownbelowhisankles.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:324)

Itisbetterfortheclothingtobeatthemiddleofthecalf.Iftheisbaal(lettingthegarment
hangbelowtheankles)isdonebecauseofprideorarrogance,thesinismoreseriousandifit
isdonecarelesslywithoutpride,itisstillanevilactionandtheonewhodoesitissinful,
accordingtothecorrectscholarlyview.However,hissinislessseriousthanthesinofonewho
doesitoutofpride.Undoubtedly,isbaalisameanstoarroganceeveniftheonewhodoesit
mayclaimotherwise.Indeed,thewarningintheHadithisgeneral,soitisnotpermissibleto
takethismatterlightly.

Withregardtothestoryof A lSiddiq(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)whenhesaidtothe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim), MyizaarslipsdownunlessIpayattentiontoit.Inreply,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)
saidtohim,Youarenotoneofthosewhodoitoutofarrogance, thisappliestothosewhosecaseislikethatof
A lSiddiqwithregardtotheirgarmentthatmayslipdownwhileheisfreeofarroganceandhe
triestoholdit.Asforthosewhodeliberatelylettheirgarmentdrag,thiswarningappliesto
thembutnottopeoplelikeAlSiddiq.

Inadditiontothewarningmentionedabove,isbaalisalsoakindofextravagance.Italso
exposesthegarmenttodirtandimpurities.Moreover,itisimitationofwomen.Thus,the
Muslimshouldprotecthimselffromthat.AllahistheSourceofstrengthandtheGuidetothe
straightpath.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:325)

RulingonbeingattachedtoAwliya'

Q:PleaseadviseconcerningtherulingonbeingattachedtotheAwliya'(piouspeople)and
worshippingthem.Pleasewarnthepeopleagainstthis.

A : Awliya'aretheMu'mins(believers),messengers(peacebeuponthem),theirfollowers,the
peopleofTaqwa(fearingAllahasHeshouldbefeared)andIman(Faith),andthosewhoobey
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).ThesearetheAwliya',whether
theyareArabsornonArabs,blackorwhite,richorpoor,rulersorcommonpeople,menor
women.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Nodoubt!Verily,theAuliyofAllh[i.e.thosewhobelieveintheOnenessof
AllhandfearAllhmuch(abstainfromallkindsofsinsandevildeedswhichhehasforbidden),andloveAllhmuch(performall
kindsofgooddeedswhichHehasordained)],nofearshallcomeuponthemnorshalltheygrieve. Thosewhobelieved(inthe
OnenessofAllhIslmicMonotheism),andusedtofearAllhmuch(byabstainingfromevildeedsandsinsandbydoingrighteous
deeds). ThosearetheAwliya'ofAllah,whoobeyedHimandHisMessenger(peacebeupon
him),andfearedHisAnger,sotheyfulfilledHisRightsandrefrainedfromHisProhibitions.
ThosearetheAwliya'referredtoinAllah'sSaying: andtheyarenotitsguardians?Nonecanbeitsguardians
exceptAlMuttaqn(thepious).

Theyarenotthecharlatansandthosewhodosupernaturalactsandclaimtopossessfalse
Karamahs(extraordinaryeventsperformedbyapiousperson).Theyarethosewhobelievein
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)andobeythemaspreviously
mentioned,whethertheyhaveKaramahsornot.

TheSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet)arethemostpiousofpeopleandthebestpeople
aftertheprophets.However,mostofthemdidnotdoanysupernaturalactsorhave
Karamahs.TheyhadIman,TaqwaandknowledgeofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andreligion,which
madetheminnoneedofKaramahs.

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)saysabouttheangels: TheyspeaknotuntilHehasspoken,andtheyactonHisCommand.
Heknowswhatisbeforethem,andwhatisbehindthem,andtheycannotintercedeexceptforhimwithwhomHeispleased.And
Thus,itisnotpermissibleforanyonetoworshipthemessengers,
theystandinaweforfearofHim.
angelsorotherAwliya'makevowsforthemoffersacrificesforthemaskthemtocurethe
patients

(PartNo:6,PageNo:326)

orgrantusvictoryovertheenemiesandsuchformsof`Ibadah(worship),accordingtoAllah's
Saying: AndthemosquesareforAllh(Alone):soinvokenotanyonealongwithAllh. Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)also
says: AndyourLordhasdecreedthatyouworshipnonebutHim. Theword"decreed"heremeans"ordered".
He(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Andtheywerecommandednot,butthattheyshouldworshipAllh,andworshipnonebut
HimAlone(abstainingfromascribingpartnerstoHim) TherearemanyAyahs(Qur'anicverses)thatstressthis
meaning.

Similarly,itisnotpermissibletocircumambulatearoundthegravesofAwliya'orothers,for
circumambulationisrestrictedonlytotheKa`bah.Ifapersoncircumambulatesaroundthe
gravestogetclosertoitsinhabitants,theyhavecommittedanactofShirk(associatingothers
withAllahinHisDivinityorworship).ThesameappliestoofferingSalah(Prayer)forthem,
seekingtheirhelporsacrificinganimalsforthem.ThisisbecauseAllah(GlorifiedandExalted
beHe)says: Say(OMuhammad):"Verily,mySalt(prayer),mysacrifice,myliving,andmydyingarefor
Allh,theLordoftheAlamn(mankind,jinnandallthatexists). "Hehasnopartner.AndofthisIhavebeencommanded,andIam
thefirstoftheMuslims."

However,askingalivingpersonwhoispresenttohelpyouinamatterthattheycandoisnot
consideredaformofShirk.Infact,thisispermissible,forAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)
sayswhenrelatingthetaleofMusa(Moses,peacebeuponhim): Themanofhis(own)partyaskedhim
forhelpagainsthisfoe Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays: HelpyouoneanotherinAlBirrandAtTaqw(virtue,
righteousnessandpiety) TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: AllahcontinuestohelpHisServantaslongasthe
s e r v a n t h e l p s h i s b r o t h e r . TherearemanyAyahsandHadithinthisregard.Muslimshave
unanimouslyagreedonthismatter.MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:327)

PreventingDu`a'atthegraves

F r o m`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahibnBaztothedearbrother,mayAllahguideyou!Amen.Assalamu`alaykum
warahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

Wereceivedyourletterdated3/3/1974,mayAllahguideyou,andwealreadyknowtheinformationincluded
therein.MayAllahblessyourmarriage.YouaskedusinyourlettertosupplicatetoAllahforyouatthegrave
oftheMessenger(peacebeuponhim).

Pleasebeadvisedthatitisnotpermissibletosupplicateatthegraves,whetheritisthegraveoftheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)oranyoneelse.GravesarenotaplaceforansweringDu`a'(supplication)itisonly
permissibletovisitthem,greetthedead,supplicatetoAllahforthem,andrememberdeathandthe
Hereafter.Wewouldliketoremindyouofthissothatyouarewellinformed.YoucanrefertotheHadithof
visitingthegravesintheendofthechapteroffuneralsinthebookentitled"BulughAlMaram"inorderto
makesureofthis.MayAllahguideyouandustofollowtheSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet)
andtoactaccordingtowhatpleasesAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)anddrawsusclosertoHisreligion.

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh.

PresidentoftheIslamicUniversityinMadinah

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:328)

TheSufiSimaniyyahTariqahandDhikrbyplayingtheDuff

Q:HereinSudan,wehaveashaykhwhohasmanyfollowerswhocompeteinservingand
obeyinghim.Theytraveltovisithim,thinkingheisoneoftheAwliya'(piouspeople).Hehas
establishedtheSimaniyyahTariqah(Sufiorder).Hehasalargedomeforhisfatherunder
whichhisfollowersseekblessingandpaymoneywillingly.TheyperformDhikr(Remembrance
ofAllah)byplayingtheDuff(atambourinelikeinstrumentwithoutbells),beatingdrumsand
recitingpoetry.Thisyear,theshaykhorderedthemtovisitthegraveofanothershaykh,so
theyalltraveled,menandwomen,inahundredcartocarryouthisorder.Whatisyouradvice
tothem?

A : ThisisagreatMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclawand
Muslimsofsoundintellect)andevil.TravelingtovisitgravesitselfisaMunkar,accordingto
thesayingoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim), DonotsetoutonajourneybuttothreeMasjids:AlMasjidAl
Haram(theSacredMosqueinMakkah),thisMasjidofmine(theProphet'sMosqueinMadinah),andAlMasjidAlAqsa(theAqsa
MosqueinJerusalem). Inaddition,drawingclosetothedeadpeoplethroughvows,sacrificial
animals,Salah(Prayer),Du`a'(supplication),orseekingtheirhelpisconsideredShirk
(associatingothersinworshipwithAllah).ItisimpermissibleforaMuslimtosupplicatetoa
deadpersonorseektheirhelp,eveniftheyweregreatpeoplesuchasMessengers(peacebe
uponthem).Itisalsoimpermissibletoseekthehelpofidols,trees,orplanets.

AsforplayingtheDuffandbeatingdrumstodrawclosertoAllah(GlorifiedbeHe),thisisa
rejectedBid`ah(innovationinreligion).ManySufisworshipAllah(ExaltedbeHe)inthisway,
whichisarejectedBid`ahthatisnotprescribedbyHim.ItisonlypermissibletousetheDuff
inweddingsforwomenasaformofannouncement,sothatitisknownthatitisawedding,
notadultery.

AnotherBid`ahandoneofthemeansleadingtoShirkisbuildingongravesandturningthem
intoMasjids.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)forbadeplasteringgraves,buildingoverthem,
andsittingonthemaccordingtowhatwasrelatedbyImamMusliminhisSahih(authentic)Book
ofHadith,ontheauthorityofJabiribn`Abdullah(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thathesaid, The
MessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)forbadeplasteringofgraves,sittingonthemandbuildingoverthem. He(peacebe
uponhim)alsosaid, MayAllahcursetheJewsandtheChristians,fortheyhaveturnedthegravesoftheirProphetsinto
placesof`Ibadah(worship). Thegravesshouldbeanopenareathathavenobuildings.Itis
impermissibletoruboneselfagainsttheirwallsseekingblessingsinthem,supplicatingthe
dead,seekingtheirhelp,makingvowsforthemorsacrificinganimalsforthem.Alltheseare
deedsofJahiliyyah(preIslamictimeofignorance).

(PartNo:6,PageNo:329)

TheMuslimsshouldbewarethis.Thescholarsshouldadvisethisshaykhandtellhimthathis
deedsareBatil(nullandvoid)andMunkar.Hisrecommendationforthepeopletoseekthe
helpofthedeadandsupplicatetothem,nottoAllah,isanactofmajorShirk,mayAllah
forbid!TheMuslimsshouldnotfollowhim,as`IbadahshouldbededicatedtoAllahaloneand
HeistheOnewhomweshouldsupplicate.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, AndthemosquesareforAllh
(Alone):soinvokenotanyonealongwithAllh. He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays, Andwhoeverinvokes(orworships),
besidesAllh,anyotherilh(god),ofwhomhehasnoproofthenhisreckoningisonlywithhisLord.Surely!AlKfirn(the
disbelieversinAllhandintheOnenessofAllh,polytheists,pagans,idolaters)willnotbesuccessful. HecallsthemKafirs
(disbelievers),astheysupplicatedtootherthanAllah(ExaltedbeHe),suchasJinn(creatures
createdfromfire),angels,deadpeople,planetsandidols.Ifapersonsupplicatestoanyof
these,thisisconsideredmajorShirk.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, "AndinvokenotbesidesAllh,anysuch
thatwillneitherprofityounorharmyou,butif(incase)youdidso,youshallcertainlybeoneoftheZlimn(polytheistsandwrong
doers)." AnyonewhocanresistthisMunkarshoulddoso.IfthecountryisIslamic,itshould
preventthisandteachthepeoplewhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasordainedontheminthe
mattersofreligion,untilthisMunkardisappears.MayAllahguideusall!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:330)

TijaniyyahOrder

Q:WehavesomanyfollowersoftheTijaniyyah(aSufiorderthatstressesculture,education,
andritualpracticesbydisciples),butIhaveknownfromyourProgram"Nur`alaAlDarb"that
itisaninnovatedTariqah(Sufiorder)thatmustnotbefollowed.However,myfamily
membersrecitetheremembrancelitaniesofShaykhAhmadAlTijany,whichisSalatulFatih
(RemembrancefromtheTijaniyyahorder).TheyclaimthatSalatulFatihisthecorrectform
ofsendingpeaceandblessingsontheProphet(peacebeuponhim)isthistrue?Theyalso
claimthatwhoeverusedtoreciteSalatulFatihandstoprecitingitbecomesaKafir
(disbeliever).Theybelievethatifonecannotpersistinrecitingitandstops,noblameisthere
butiftheyareabletoreciteitandstop,theyhaveturnedintoaKafirs.Itoldmyfatherthat
thisisnotcorrectandisnotpermissiblebutheaccusedmeofbeingafolloweroftheWahhabi
order.Please,advise!

A : Undoubtedly,TijaniyyahisaninnovatedTariqahandMuslimsarenotpermittedtofollow
innovatedTariqahs,whethertheTijaniyyahoranyother.Rather,theymustfollowandadhere
towhatwasrevealedtotheMessenger(peacebeuponhim),becauseAllahsays: Say(O
Muhammad tomankind):"Ifyou(really)loveAllhthenfollowme(i.e.acceptIslmicMonotheism,followthe
Q u rnandtheSunnah),Allhwillloveyouandforgiveyouyoursins. ThismeansthatAllahistellingtheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)totellthepeopletofollowhim,iftheyloveAllahsothatAllahwilllove
themandforgivetheirsins.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: [Say(OMuhammad
)totheseidolaters(paganArabs)ofyourfolk:]FollowwhathasbeensentdownuntoyoufromyourLord(theQurn
andProphetMuhammadsSunnah),andfollownotanyAuliy(protectorsandhelperswhoorderyoutoassociatepartnersinworship
withAllh),besidesHim(Allh).Littledoyouremember! Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: AndwhatsoevertheMessenger
(Muhammad)givesyou,takeitandwhatsoeverheforbidsyou,abstain(fromit).AndfearAllhverily,Allhis
Severeinpunishment. Allah(mayHebeBlessedandExalted)says: Andverily,this(i.e.AllhsCommandments
mentionedintheabovetwoVerses151and152)isMyStraightPath,sofollowit,andfollownot(other)paths,fortheywillseparate
youawayfromHisPath. PathsrefertoinnovatedTariqahs,suchasBid`ahs(innovationsinreligion),
whims,doubtfulmatters,andunlawfuldesires.AllahhasobligatedthepeopletofollowHis
StraightPath,asshownintheQur'anandtheSunnah,whichwasauthenticallyreportedfrom
theProphet.ThisisthePaththatmustbefollowed,notTijaniyyah,Shadhliyyah,Qadiriyyahor
otherTariqahsinnovatedbypeople.ItisnotpermissibletofollowtheseTariqahs,excepta
practicewhichconformstoAllah'sShar`(Law).Inthiscase,itispermissibletoactaccording
tothispractice,becauseitconformswiththePurifiedShar`,notbecauseitisoneofthe
practicesofsuchandsuchTariqahduetothepreviouslyquotedAyahs(Qur'anicverses)and
thefollowingones:

(PartNo:6,PageNo:331)

IndeedintheMessengerofAllh(Muhammad)youhaveagoodexampletofollowforhimwhohopesfor(the
Meetingwith)AllhandtheLastDay,andremembersAllhmuch. Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays:
AndtheforemosttoembraceIslmoftheMuhjirn(thosewhomigratedfromMakkahtoAlMadinah)andtheAnsr(thecitizensof
A lMadinahwhohelpedandgaveaidtotheMuhjirn)andalsothosewhofollowedthemexactly(inFaith).Allhiswellpleasedwith
themastheyarewellpleasedwithHim.HehaspreparedforthemGardensunderwhichriversflow(Paradise),todwelltherein
forever.Thatisthesupremesuccess. TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)also
says: Whoeverinnovatesthingsinouraffairsforwhichthereisnovalid(reason)(commitssin)andthesearetoberejected.
AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslimasnarratedontheauthorityof`Aishah(mayAllahbe
pleasedwithher).TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Whoeverdoesanyactforwhichthereisno
sanctionfromourbehalf,thatistoberejected. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih(authentic)BookofHadith))
He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaidduringaFridayKhutbah(sermon): Andthen,thebestofspeechis
embodiedintheBookofAllah,andthebestofguidanceistheguidancegivenbyMuhammad(peacebeuponhim).Andthemostevil
affairsaretheirinnovationsandeveryBid`ahiserror. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahihasnarratedonthe
authorityofJabiribn`Abdullah(mayAllahbepleasedwiththemboth)).ThereareseveralHadiths
conveyingthesamemeanings.Salatu lFatihis,indeed,theformofsendingpeaceand
blessingsontheProphet,astheyclaim.However,itswordingwasnotreportedfromthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim),becauseitsays:"OAllah!Sendpeaceandblessingsonour
masterandProphetMuhammad,AlFatih(theOpener)ofwhatisclosed,theSealofwhat
precededhim,andtheonewhosupportedAlHaqq(theTruth)withtheAlHaqq."This
wordingwasnotreportedinanySahihHadiths(authenticHadith)inwhichtheProphet(peace
beuponhim)explainedtheformofsendingpeaceandblessingsonhimwhentheSahabah
(CompanionsoftheProphet)askedhimaboutit.Thus,itisprescribedforMuslimstosend
peaceandblessingsontheProphet(peacebeuponhim)usingthewording,whichheordained
forthemandtaughtthemwithoutanyinnovations.

SuchwordingsweredetailedinwhatwasauthenticallyreportedintheTwoSahihBooksof
Hadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)ontheauthorityofKa`bibn`Ujrah(mayAllahbepleasedwith
him)whonarratedthattheSahabah(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)said: OMessengerofAllah, www.ircpk.com
Allahhasorderedustosendpeaceandblessingsonyou,howshouldwedothat?He(peacebeuponhim)said:Say:OAllah!Send
peaceonMuhammadandthefamilyofMuhammadasYousentpeaceonIbrahimandthefamilyofIbrahim,forYouarePraiseworthy
andGlorified.OAllah!SendblessingsonMuhammadandthefamilyofMuhammadasYousentblessingsonIbrahimandthefamilyof
Ibrahim,forYouarePraiseworthyandGlorified. AnotherwordingwasauthenticallyreportedintheTwo
SahihontheauthorityofAbuHumaydAlSa`idy(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)fromtheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)whosaid:

Say:OAllah!SendpeaceonMuhammad,hiswives,andoffspringasYousentpeaceonthefamilyofIbrahim.Sendblessingson
Muhammad,hiswives,andoffspringasYousentblessingsonIbrahimandthefamilyof

(PartNo:6,PageNo:332)

Ibrahim,forYouarePraiseworthyandGlorified. InathirdHadithrelatedbyMusliminhisSahihontheauthorityofAbuMas`udAl
Ansary(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)whonarratedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said:

Say:OAllah!SendpeaceonMuhammadandthefamilyofMuhammadasYousentpeaceonthefamilyofIbrahim.Sendblessings
onMuhammadandthefamilyofMuhammadasYousentblessingsonthefamilyofIbrahimintheWorlds.Youare,indeed,
PraiseworthyandGlorified. TheseHadithsandothersconveyingthesamemeaningshowthewordingofsendingpeaceandblessings
ontheProphet(peacebeuponhim),whichhehasprescribedforhisUmmah(nationbasedononecreed).

AsforSalatulFatih,evenifitsintendedmeaningmaybecorrectingeneral,itisnotpermissibletoreciteitandrefrainfromreciting
whatwasauthenticallyreportedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)regardinghowshouldwesendpeaceandblessingsonhim,of
whichweareordered.Evenmore,thephrase"TheOpenerofwhatisclosed"isbroadinmeaningandcanbefalselyexplainedby
thosewhofollowtheirwhims.AllahistheOneWhograntssuccess!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:333)

RulingonseekingtreatmentfromtheSufis

Q:SomepeoplewhoarepossessedaretakentoSufishaykhsfortreatment.Theytreatthem
usingincense,incantations,andamuletsandthentheirconditionimproves.Whatistheruling
ofShari`ah(Islamiclaw)onthis?

A : Possessedpeopleshouldneverbetakentosuchdeviants.Rather,theyshouldbetakento
righteouspeopleamongtherecitersoftheQur'anwhoarewellversedinthetreatmentof
suchcases.TheycanreciteAyahs(Qur'anicverses)overthepatient,blowoverthem,anduse
beneficial,lawfulmeanstoexorcizethem.Allahhasmadeareasonforeverythinganda
remedyforeveryailment.Jinn(creaturescreatedfromfire)aremostlyexorcizedwith
Allah'sWillwhenapious,knowledgeablebelieverknownforuprightnessandsound`Aqidah
(creed)recitesrecommendedAyahsoverthepossessedandblowsoverthemwhilerebuking
theJinn.UndernocircumstancesshouldaMuslimevergotosuchdeviantSufiswhoare
notoriousfortheirBid`ah(innovationinreligion),aberrations,andsuperstitions.AMuslim
shouldneithervisitthemnorseektheirtreatment,fortheymayharmtheirvisitorsanddrag
themintotheirBid`ahpracticesandsuperstitions.SufismostlyresorttoBid`ahand
superstitions,andmostofthemworshiptheirsocalledshaykhsalongwithAllah,seektheir
help,makevowstothem,andinvokethemforsupport,whethertheyarealiveordead.Thus,
deviantSufisareinadangerousstateandonlyfewamongthemhavebeenabletoremain
uncorrupted.ThereisneithermightnorpowerexceptwithAllah!

MayAllahgrantusandtheminsightandguidancetothecorrectwayoftreatingsuchcases,
describedintheQur'anandtheSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet).Itistheway
followedbytheSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet,peacebeuponhim)andthosewho
diligentlyfollowintheirfootsteps.ThisistheStraightPaththatis,Allah'sDin(religionof
Islam)whichwasrevealedtoHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).Likewise,itisnot
permissibleforanyperson,whetherpossessedorsufferingotherdiseases,toseektreatment
fromsorcerers,charlatans,orsoothsayerswhoclaimknowledgeofGhayb(theUnseen),
worshipanyoneotherthanAllah,andtreatpatientsusingunlawfulmeansprohibitedbyAllah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:334)

SlaughteringforotherthanAllah

Q:IsitpermissibletoslaughterforotherthanAllah?Peoplehereslaughteranimalsfora
personnamedMagly.Whenweaskthemabouthim,theysayheisaprophetofAllah.Please,
advise.MayAllahblessyou!

A : SlaughteringforotherthanAllah(ExaltedbeHe)isanabominableactandoneofmajor
Shirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship),whetheritismadefora
prophet,Waliy(piousperson),planet,jinni(creaturecreatedfromfire),idol,orotherthan
that,forAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Say(OMuhammad):"Verily,mySalt(prayer),my
sacrifice,myliving,andmydyingareforAllh,theLordoftheAlamn(mankind,jinnandallthatexists). "Hehasnopartner.And
Thus,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)hasmentioned
ofthisIhavebeencommanded,andIamthefirstoftheMuslims."
thatslaughteringanimalsshouldbeforAllah(ExaltedbeHe)astheSalah(Prayer).
Therefore,whoeverslaughtersforotherthanAllahwillbelikewhoeveroffersSalahforother
thanAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)andisthuscommittinganactofShirk.Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saystoHisProphet(peacebeuponhim): Verily,Wehavegrantedyou(O
Muhammad)AlKauthar(ariverinParadise). ThereforeturninprayertoyourLordandsacrifice(toHimonly).
ThisisbecauseSalahandslaughteringaretwogreatactsofworship.

Accordingly,whoeverslaughtersfordeceasedpeople,prophets,planets,idols,jinn,orangels
commitsanactofShirk.ThesameappliestoofferingSalah,appealing,orvowingforthem,for
alltheseareactsofShirk.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: AndthemosquesareforAllh(Alone):soinvokenot
anyonealongwithAllh. Moreover,He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: AndI(Allh)creatednotthejinnand
mankindexceptthattheyshouldworshipMe(Alone). Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: AndyourLordhasdecreedthat
youworshipnonebutHim.

WorshipistheduerightofAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andslaughteringisanactofworshipexactly
likeSalah.ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said:
AllahhascursedtheonewhoslaughtersforotherthanHim. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih(authentic)Book
ofHadithandreportedby`Aly(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim))Therefore,youshould
admonishthosewhoobservethisactandinformthemthatitisanactofmajorShirkandthat
theyhavetoquitit.ItisnotpermissibleforthemtoslaughteranimalsforotherthanAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)inthesamewaythattheyarenotpermittedtoobserveSalahforotherthan
Him.Thisadviceisawayofhelpingoneanotherinvirtueandpiety,disapprovingevil,and
callingtosincerelyworshipAllah(ExaltedbeHe).

(PartNo:6,PageNo:335)

ItisalsopartofTawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah)thatshouldbedevotedtononebut
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).Itisthedutyofscholars,knowledgeseekers,andMuslim
Imams(rulers),whohavetocooperateinrighteousnessandpiety,admonishwhoever
observesShirkuntilTawhidbecomesestablished,andeliminatethemeansleadingtoShirk.
MayAllahgrantallpeopleguidanceandsuccess!

www.ircpk.com

RulingonslaughteringanimalswhencompletingtheconstructionofaMasjid

From`Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahibnBaztothehonorableson

MayAllahguidehimtoallgood!Amen

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

IreadyourletterandunderstoodthequestionssenttoyoufromoneofyourMuslimbrothersinSierraLeone.
Yourequestedtohavethemanswered.Herearethequestionsandtheiranswers:

Q1:WhentheconstructionofaMasjid(mosque)iscompleted,somepeopleclaimthatitisnot
permissibletodeliveraFridaysermonoroffertheobligatorySalah(Prayer)thereuntilsome
cowsorsheepareboughtandslaughtered,andpeopleareinvitedtoeatfromtheofferings.
Withoutdoingthis,peopleclaimthattheImam(theonewholeadscongregationalPrayer)of
theMasjidwilldiebeforehisappointedtimeofdeathincaseheleadspeopleinSalahthere.

A : Thisisagroundlessclaimandafalsebelief.Weshouldadmonishthosewhobelieveordoso,because
thisisaBid`ah(innovationinreligion)andeveryBid`ahisDalalah(deviationfromwhatisright).The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)saidintheauthenticHadith: Hewhodoesanyactforwhichthereisnosanctionfromour
behalf,thatistoberejected. (RelatedbyImamMusliminhisSahih(authentic)BookofHadith)

(PartNo:6,PageNo:336)

Q2:ThepermissibilityoftranslatingtheFridaysermonfromArabicintootherlanguages

A : Thereisnothingwrongwiththat.Ialreadywrotealettertothosewhoposedthisquestionandexplained
theanswersupportedwithevidence.Acopyofthisletterisenclosed.

Q3:WhenpeoplegathertotakeSadaqah(voluntarycharity),theyplacetheirhandsonthe
SadaqahandoneofthemsupplicatesforthepersongivingSadaqahwhiletherestsay'Amen'
loudly.

A : Thisbehaviorshouldbeavoided,foritisaBid`ah.AsforsupplicatingtoAllahforthepersongiving
SadaqahwithoutplacingthehandsontheSadaqahtobegivenandwithoutraisingvoicesinthemanner
mentioned,itispermissible.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: "Requitehimwhodoesafavortoyou,butifyou
areunabletorequitehim,goonsupplicatingtoAllahforhimuntilyouseethatyouhaverequitedhimadequately.'' (Relatedby
AbuDawudandAlNasa'ywithanauthenticSanad(chainofnarrators))

MayAllahmakeusunderstandHisreligion,holdfasttoit,andavoidviolatingitindeedHeistheMost
Generous!Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh!

www.ircpk.com

RulingontransferringMasjid'sstonestoahouseforgainingtheirblessings

From`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaztoHisExcellencythehonorablebrother:H.M.R.

MayAllahgrantyouallsuccess!

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

Ihavereceivedyournobleletterdatedin17/10/1392A.H.Theconcernedletterinvolvedaquestionabout

therulingontransferringthestonesofaveryoldMasjid(mosque)thatwasdestructedby
floods.IsitpermissibleforapersontotakethestonesofsuchaMasjidtotheirhouseand
keepthemintheirpossession?ItisworthmentioningthatsuchaMasjidmighthave
containedagrave.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:337)

Myansweris:WhenaMasjidisruinedbecauseoffloodsoranyotherreason,itisprescribedforthe
peopleofitsareatoreconstructitandstartperformingSalah(Prayer)initagain.Thisisbecausethe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)said: WhoeverbuildsaMasjidforthesakeofAllah,AllahwillbuildahouseforhiminJannah
(Paradise). Moreover,`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)said: TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)
commandedustobuildMasjids(mosques)indifferentlocalities(i.e.inthelocalityofeachtribeseparately)andthattheyshouldbe
keptcleanandbeperfumed. (RelatedbyAhmad,AbuDawud,andIbnMajahwithagoodSanad(chain
ofnarrators)).

TheProphetthusinstructedthatMasjidshavetobebuiltwheredifferenttribesliveandinallquartersetc.
TherearemanyotherHadithsonthemeritsofconstructingMasjids.Tocometothepoint,ifthereisanother
MasjidinthesamequarterwheretheMasjidmentionedinthequestionislocatedanditsufficestheneedsof
thepeopleoftheareasuchstonesanddebrisaretobeusedforanotherMasjidatanotherquarterthat
needsthem.ItisthusWajib(obligatory)ontheauthoritiesi.e.Judge,prince,orheadoftribeetc.,ofthe
areawheretheconcernedMasjidis,todealwiththematterandtransfersuchdebristobeusedfor
constructingtheotherMasjidsthatneedit.However,suchauthoritiesmayalsodecidetosellthedebrisin
questionandspenditsvalueonsomeoftheMuslims'interests.Itisworthmentioningthatnoneofthe
peopleoftheareaarepermittedtotakeanyofthestonesordebrisoftheMasjidinquestionunlesstheyare
permittedbytheauthorities.Ontheotherhand,ifthereisagraveinsuchaMasjid,ithastobeexhumed,
andthebones,ifany,shouldbemovedtothecemeteryofthequarterandburiedthere.Thisisbecause,
accordingtoShari`ah(Islamiclaw),itisimpermissibletolocategravesinsideMasjidsortobuildMasjids
overthegravesforthisisameansleadingtoShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship).
Indeed,excessivereverenceofthedwellersofthegravestookplaceinmostofMuslimcountrieslongtime
ago.Anyway,itisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)commandedhisSahabah
(Companions)toexhumethegravesthatwereatthelocationwheretheMasjidoftheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)wasbuilt.Moreover,itisreportedintheTwoSahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhari
andMuslim)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: MayAllahcursetheJewsandtheChristians,fortheyhavetaken
thegravesoftheirProphetsasplacesofworship. Inaddition,itisrelatedinSahihMuslimontheauthorityofAbu
MarthadAlGhanawy(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Donotpray
whilefacingtowardsthegravesanddonotsitonthem. Besides,itisrelatedinSahihMuslimfromJundubibn`AbdullahAl
Bajaly(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Bewareofthosewhopreceded
youandusedtotakethegravesoftheirprophetsandrighteousmenasplacesofworship,butyoumustnottakegravesasMasjidsI
forbidyoutodothat. Ontheotherhand,itisrelatedintheTwoSahihBooksofHadithontheauthorityofUm
SalamahandUmHabibah(mayAllahbepleasedwiththemboth)thatwhentheytoldtheProphet(peacebeupon
him)thattheysawachurchinAbyssiniathatcontainedpictures,he(peacebeuponhim)said: Whenapious
personamongthosepeopledied,theybuiltaplaceofworshipontheirgrave,andthendecorateditwithsuchpictures.Theywouldbe
theworstofcreaturesontheDayofJudgmentinthesightofAllah. Finally,itisrelatedinSahihMuslimontheauthority
ofJabiribn`AbdullahAlAnsary(mayAllahbepleasedwith

(PartNo:6,PageNo:338)

themboth)thathesaid: TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)forbadeplasteringofgraves,sittingonthem,and
buildingoverthem. A lTirmidhy(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)addedinanarrationthatherelatedand
whoseSanad(chainofnarrators)isSahih: ...andinscribingonthem. AlltheHadithsmentionedabovesignify
theprohibitionofconstructingMasjidsoranyotherbuildingsoverthegraves,performingSalahinthem,
plasteringthem,etc.Thesamerulingappliestoputtingcurtainsonthegraves,inscribingonthem,
perfumingthem,incensingthem,andplacingflowersoverthem.Thisisbecausealltheforegoingaremeans
ofshowingexcessivereverencetogravesandassociatingitsdwellerswithAllahinHisDivinityandworship.
Muslims,especiallytheirauthorities,thushavetobewareofallthisandwarneachotheragainstit.Infact,
suchanobligationismoreemphasizedwithregardtoMuslimauthoritiesastheirresponsibilityisgreater,
becausetheyaremoreablethanotherstoremovetheseandotherMunkars(thingswhichareunacceptable
ordisapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect).Conversely,itisbecausetheyarelenient www.ircpk.com
andduetothenegativityofmanyreligiousfiguressuchevilsincreasedandspreadinmostofMuslim
countries.Consequently,manypeoplecommittedShirkanddidexactlyashadbeendonebypeopleof
Jahiliyyah(preIslamictimeofignorance)whoworshipedidolssuchasAlLat,Al`Uzza,Manat,etc..They
saidasAllahtellsaboutthemintheGloriousQur'an: TheseareourintercessorswithAllh. , Weworshipthemonly
thattheymaybringusneartoAllh. Tomakeitmoreclear,scholarsmentionedthatifagraveisplacedina
Masjid,itisWajibthatthegraveisexhumedandtakenawayfromtheMasjid.Onthecontrary,ifagraveis
inacertainplaceandaMasjidisbuiltoverit,theMasjidshouldbedemolishedandremoved,foritisthe
reasonfortheexistenceofMunkar.ThisisbecausetheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)warnedagainst
buildingMasjidsovergraves,cursedtheJewsandtheChristiansfordoingso,forbadehisUmmah(nation)to
imitatethem,andsaidto`Aly(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim): Sparenoportraitunwipedout,andleavenotahigh
graveunleveled. IaskAllahtosetrighttheaffairsofallMuslims,bestowuponthemthesoundunderstanding
oftheirDin(religion),setrighttheirauthorities,unifytheirwordonrighteousness,guidethemtoapplythe
rulingsofShari`ah,andbewareofallthatopposesit.Verily,AllahistheMostBountiful,theMostGenerous.
MaypeaceandblessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,Companions,andallthosewhofollow
hiswayuntiltheDayofRecompense.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:339)

Thosewhohavenoshaykh

Q:Itiswidespreadamongsomepeoplethatwhoeverdoesnottakeknowledgefromacertain
shaykh,Satanwillbehisshaykh.Whatisyouradviceforthem?

A : ThisisacommonmisconceptionposedbysomeSufistoencouragepeopletojointhemand
patternafterthemintheiraberrantactsandreligiousinnovations.Accordingly,whoever
understandshisreligionbyattendingHalaqahs(learningcircles)andcontemplatingtheQur'an
andSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet)cannotbeaccusedoffollowingSatan.
Rather,heisendeavoringtoseekknowledgeandattainmuchbenefit.

However,aknowledgeseekershouldadheretoscholarswhoarenotedfortheirsound
`Aqidah(creed)andconduct.Hemayaskthemaboutwhateverconfuseshim,forwhoever
doesnotresorttopeopleofknowledgewilltendtoblunderandbecomeextremelyconfused.
But,ifapersonpersistsinattendingtheHalaqahsandlisteningtolessonsfrompeopleof
knowledge,theywillachievemuchbenefitandwelfare,eveniftheydonotfollowaparticular
shaykh.ThereisnodoubtthatwhoeverattendsHalaqahs,listenstoFridayKhutab(sermons),
otherKhutabdeliveredondifferentoccasions,andlecturespresentedinMasjids(mosques)
willbefollowingmanyshaykhs,evenifheisnotaffiliatedtoaspecificonewhomhepatterns
andfollows.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:340)

ThisisanabominableMunkar(anactdisapprovedbyIslamiclaw)

Q:ASheikhtellshisdisciplewhowantstostudyinEurope,whenseeinghimoff:Omyson,
whenyoursoulenticesyoutodoasin,thereyoushouldrememberyourSheikhsoAllahwill
turnyouawayfromsinandimmorality.Isthisanactofassociatingothersinworshipwith
Allah?

A:ThisisanabominableMunkar(anactdisapprovedbyIslamiclaw)andassociatingothersinworshipwith
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),becauseinsuchacasethedisciplerushestohisSheikhtosavehimfrom
thisthing.TheSheikhshouldhaveadvisedhimtomentionAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andaskhisLordtohelp
andgranthimsuccess.HeshouldhaveadvisedhimtoholdfasttoAllah[i.e.haveconfidenceinAllah,and
dependuponHiminallhisaffairs].ConcerningtheadvicegiventothedisciplebyhisSheikhtoremember
him,thisisoneofthemistakescommittedbyextremistSufis,whoinstructtheirdisciplesandstudentsto
worshipthembesideAllah(MayHebeExalted),toseektheirhelp,andtotrusttheminfulfillingtheirneeds
anddispellingtheirdistress.ThisactfallsunderAlShirkulAkbar(majorformofassociatingothersin
worshipwithAllah).WeseekrefugewithAllahfromthis.

ItisobligatoryforthediscipletofearAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andrushtocomplaintoHimaboutallthat
concernshimandtoaskHimtogranthimhelpandguidance.ItisAllah,notthisman'sSheikh,Whocan
benefithim.AllahistheOnesoughtforhelp.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:341)

TheKharijitesarenotamongthesupportersofImam`Aly

From`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaztoourdearbrother,mayAllahgranthimsuccess!

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

IhavereceivedyourmessageinwhichyouinformedmeaboutabookissuedbyaSheikhoftheIbadhiyyah
(aMuslimsect)inAlgeriaentitled"Kharijitesarethesupportersof`Aly"(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim),which
madeyoususpectmanyofthefactsyoupreviouslybelieved.

Inthisregard,IinformyouthattheKharijiteswerenotthesupportersofImam`Alyrather,theywerehis
opponents.Hefoughtagainstandkilledalargenumberofthem.Theyaccusedhimofapostasyand
considereditlawfultokillhim(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim).Imam`AlywaskilledbyIbnMuljim,whowas
oneofthem.TheKharijiteswereawickedsectwhoconsideredaMuslimwhocommitssinstobeaKafir
(disbeliever).TheyopinedthatdisobedientMuslimswillabideinHellfireforeverandthattheywillnotcome
outofitthesameasdisbelievers.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)warnedusagainstthemandtoldus
thattheyquicklypassthrough(theteachingsof)Islamjustlikeanarrowpassesthroughprey.

AbuHurayrah(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)wasuprightandtrustworthyasotherCompanions(mayAllah
bepleasedwiththem),accordingtotheviewpointofAhlAlSunnahwalJama`ah(thoseadheringtothe
SunnahandtheMuslimcommunity).Moreover,hewastheCompanionwhomemorizedmostoftheHadiths
ofAllah'sMessenger(peacebeuponhim).Neither`UmarnoranyotherCompanionaccusedhimofbelying.
Rather,theyquotedhisHadithsasevidenceandactedinaccordancewiththem.

Thus,thementionedauthorhascommittedagreatsinbytellingliesabouttheCompanions(mayAllahbe
pleasedwiththem).Accordingly,onecannotdependonhimorhisbook.Thisbookshouldbeburnt,ifthe
caseisasyouhavementioned.

HisEminenceSheikh`AbdulQadirShaybahAlHamdisatrustworthyandiswellknowntous.Heisoneofthe
scholarsofAhlAlSunnahwalJama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimcommunity).Iask
Allah(mayHebePraised)toguideusalltowhatpleasesHim.AllahisAllHearer,EverNear.Assalamu
`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!).

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:342)

CommentonwhatwasbroadcastonaradioprogramconcerningtheexistenceofAllah(may
HebePraised)

F r o m`Abdul`AzizBin`AbdullahIbnBaztoourdearbrother,HisExcellencytheUndersecretaryoftheMinistryof
InformationforRadioAffairs,

mayAllahguidehimtowhatpleasesHim,amen.

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

Pleasefindtheattachedmemorandumsenttomebyabrotherinwhichhementionsthatheheardon
Monday28/6/1411A.H.from07:20to07:25apersonaskinghisfatheraboutAllah(mayHebePraised).
ThefatheransweredthatAllah(mayHebePraised)existseverywhereandatalltimes.Thereisnodoubt
thatthisisaBatil(nullandvoid)answer.ThisistheclaimofthosewhocommitBid`ah,suchasAlJahmiyyah
(AMuslimsect),AlMu'tazilah,andthosewhoadoptedtheirway.

ThecorrectviewpointadoptedbyAhlAlSunnahwalJama`ah(thoseadheringtotheSunnahandthe
Muslimcommunity)isthatAllah(mayHebePraised)isestablishedabovethe`Arsh(AllahsThrone)and
aboveallHiscreaturesassupportedbyQur'anicAyahs,PropheticHadiths,andIjma`(consensus)ofthe
Salaf(righteouspredecessors)asAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Indeed,yourLordisAllh,Whocreated
theheavensandtheearthinSixDays,andthenHeroseover(Istaw)theThrone(reallyinamannerthatsuitsHisMajesty). Allah
(mayHebePraised)repeatedthisinsixotherAyahsinHisGloriousBook."Istaw'",accordingtothe
viewpointofthescholarsofAhlAlSunnahwalJama`ah,meansascendingandrisingovertheThroneina
waythatbefitstheMagnificenceofAllah(mayHebePraised)whosemannerisnotknowntononebutAllah.
SuchwasthereplyofImamMalik(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)whenhewasaskedaboutthis:

Istiwa'(Allah'srisingovertheThroneinamannerthatbefitsHim)iswellknown,themannerisunknown,
believinginitisobligatoryandaskingaboutitisBid`ah(innovationinreligion).Whathemeant(mayAllah
bemercifulwithhim)isaskingabouthowAllahroseabovetheThrone.Hequotedthisaccountfromhis
Sheikh,Rabi`ahibnAbu`AbdulRahman,fromUmSalamah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher).Also,itistheviewpoint
ofallAhlAlSunnahwalJama`ahoftheCompanions(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)orthosewhocame
afterthemofMuslimscholars.Allah(mayHebePraised)hasmentionedinotherAyahsthatHeistheMost
High,asHe(mayHebePraised)says: SothejudgementisonlywithAllh,theMostHigh,theMostGreat! Allah
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays:

(PartNo:6,PageNo:343)

ToHimascend(all)thegoodlywords,andtherighteousdeedsexaltit(i.e.thegoodlywordsarenotacceptedbyAllhunlessand
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: andHefeelsnofatigueinguardingandpreserving
untiltheyarefollowedbygooddeeds)
TherearemanyAyahsintheNobleQur'anwhereinAllah(mayHebe
them.AndHeistheMostHigh,theMostGreat.
Praised)mentionsHisRising.ThiscoincideswiththeevidencecitedintheAyahsaboutIstiwa'(Allah'srising
overtheThroneinamannerthatbefitsHim).Accordingtowhatwehavejustmentioned,itshouldbe
knownthattheclaimofthepeoplewhocommitBid`ahthatAllah(mayHebePraised)existseverywhere
andatalltimesismerefalsehood.ItisthecreedofAlHululiyyahwhoisamisleadingsectthatadoptsBid`ahs
(innovationsinreligion).Moreover,thisviewpointisKufr(associatingothersinworshipwithAllah),
misleading,andbelyingAllahandHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim)regardingwhatwasreported
authenticallyfromhimthathisLordisinheaven,suchashissaying(peacebeuponhim): Donotyoutrustme
thoughIamthetrustworthymanoftheOneintheHeavens...? ThisisalsomentionedintheHadithsofIsra'(Night
Journey)andMi`raj(AscensiontoHeaven).

Ihopethatthismessagewillbebroadcastontheradioprogramatthementionedtimeaswellasatother
timessothattheonewhoclaimedthismayknowaboutit.

MayAllahbepleasedwithyourobedienceandblessyourefforts!

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:344)

OnmixingwiththosewhodonotabidebytheritesofIslam

ThismessagewassenttousbyaquestionerfromDiyala,Iraq.Itisalongmessagecontainingaproblem
facedbymanypeople,inwhichhesays:

"IamayoungMuslimman.IworshipAllahandIwanttoactinaccordancewiththeBookof
AllahandtheSunnahofHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).However,theproblemisthatI
liveamongpeoplemostofwhomdonotprayorfastorpayZakah(obligatorycharity).They
engageinBid`ahandnovelties.TheyswearbythingsotherthanAllah(ExaltedbeHe)and
makevowstootherthanHim.Somepeopleexpressdisbelief(Kufr)inAllahandHis
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)intheirwords.Iaminmiddleschoolandmostofthestudents
arebadmanneredanddonotobeythecommandsofAllah.Therearegirlswithuswhodonot
wearHijab(veil),andthefemaleteachersarethesame,sothatitissoeasytocommitevil
andunlawfulactions,inadditiontootherthingsthattaketoolongtoexplain.However,my
fatherdoesnotletmeleaveschool.Iwanttoleavethisschoolandgetawayfromthis
environment,andworkinfarmingandworshipAllahfarawayfromtheevilofpeople,butmy
fatherdoesnotletmedothis.Iwanttoaskwhetheritispermissibleformetoleaveschool.
Isitpermissibleformetoleavethiscountryandmovetoanother,evenifmyfatheropposes
this?Please,advise.MayAllahguideyou!

A : Iftherealityisasyoumentioned,youmustleavethisschool,bewareofitsevil,andkeepawayfromit
andthepeoplewhodothatinordertoprotectyourreligiouscommitment,beliefandmoralsfromthemale
andfemaleevildoingstudentsandthisbadsociety.Youmustdoyourutmosttomovetoasafeschoolora
safecityorafarmorsomewherethatisfarthestfromdangertoyourreligiouscommitmentandmorals.This
iswhatyoumustdo,evenifyourfatherdoesnotagree,becausetheProphet(peaceAllahbeuponhim)
said: Submissionisobligatoryonlyinwhatisgood(andreasonable). TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: There
isnosubmissioninmattersinvolvingdisobediencetoAllahorattainingHisdispleasure. Sittingamongevildoers,peopleof
Shirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)andthosewhodonotpray,andsitting
amonggirlswhomakeawantondisplayoftheirbeautyandareunveiledexposesone'sbeliefsandmoralsto
seriousdangers,soitisnotpermissible

(PartNo:6,PageNo:345)

foraMuslimtoremaininthisenvironment.Rather,aMuslimmustbewareofthisenvironmentandmove
awayfromittoabetterandsafersocietyforhisreligiouscommitmentevenifhehastotravelfromonecity
toanother,suchasgoingtoMakkahorMadinahinordertostudyinAlMasjidAlHaramorAlMasjidalNabawi,wherethere
areteacherswhoarepeopleofknowledge,virtueandsound`Aqidah(creed).Thisissoregardlessofhis
parents'approval,becauseobediencetoparentsisonlywithregardtothatwhichisrightandproper,notin
mattersofsinanddisobedience,asstatedabove.AllahistheOneWhosehelpweseek.

www.ircpk.com

Permissionwasaskedby`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)toenterAlKa`bahandthe
Prophet'sreply

Q:IhopeYourEminencewillremindMuslimsofwhatAllah'sMessenger(peacebeuponhim)
saidto`AishahconcerningAlKa`bah.

A : ItisauthenticallyreportedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)thathesaidto`Aishah
(mayAllahbepleasedwithher): Hadyourpeoplenotbeenunbelieversintherecentpast(hadtheynotquiterecently
acceptedIslam),IwouldhaveorderedthatAlKa`bahbedemolishedandwouldhavebeenrebuiltonthefoundations(laid)byIbrahim
(Abraham),andIwouldalsohavegivenittwodoors:adoorforenteringandanotherforexiting. TheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)neitherdemolishedAlKa`bahnormovedHijrIsma`il(shortsemicircularwalladjacenttotheKa`bahand
consideredpartofit)intoitforfearofturmoil.Thisindicatesthatitisobligatorytotakepublic
interestintoconsiderationandtogiveprioritytosupremeinterestwhichisattuningthe
heartsandfixingthemsteadyonIslamoverthelessinterestwhichisrebuildingAlKa`bahon
thefoundations(laid)byIbrahim.

ItisauthenticallyreportedfromtheProphet(peacebeupon)thathesaidto`Aishah(mayAllah
bepleasedwithher)uponaskinghispermissiontoenterAlKa`bah: PrayintheHijr,foritisapartofthe
House(theKa`bah).

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:346)

ThemeaningofthesupplicationWahabbalmusi'inaminaali'lmuhsinini.e.forgivethe
wrongdoersamongusforthesakeofthegooddoers.

Q:SisterF.S.Sfrom`UnayzahintheKingdomofSaudiArabiaasks:Whatisthemeaningof
thissupplication:Wahabbalmusi'inaminaalilmuhsinin(Andforgivethewrongdoersamong
usforthesakeoftherighteous)?

A : ItisarequestfromAllah(ExaltedbeHe)toforgivetheMuslimswhodowrongforthe
sakeofthosewhodogood.Thereisnothingwrongwiththat,becausekeepingcompanywith
righteouspeopleandsittingwiththemareamongthemeansofforgivenessfortheMuslim
whodoeswrong.Theyarethepeoplewhomcompanionsareneverharmedbythem.Itis
authenticallyreportedthatAllah'sMessenger(peacebeuponhim)said: Thesimilitudeofagood
companionisthatoftheownerofmusk.Theownerofmuskwouldeitherofferyoufreeofchargeoryouwouldbuyitfromhimoryou
wouldsmellitspleasantodor.Thesimilitudeofabadcompanionisthatoftheonewhoblowsthebellows.Hewouldeitherburnyour
clothesoryouwillhavetosmellitsrepugnantodor. However,itisnotpermissibleforaMuslimtorelyon
suchthingstoexpiatehisevilactions.Rather,hemustrepentcontinuallyfromallhissins,
checkhimself,andstrivetocontrolhimselfforthesakeofAllah,sothathedoeswhatAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)hascommandedandavoidswhatHehasforbiddenhopingforAllah's
forgivenesssoheshouldbeseechAllah(ExaltedbeHe)nottoleavehimtohisowndevices
andnottojudgehimbyhisdeeds.Hence,theMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said:
"Bejust,moderate,hopeful,andknowthatnooneofyouwillenterParadisebyvirtueofhisdeedsalone.Theysaid,Notevenyou,O
MessengerofAllah?Hesaid,No,notevenmeunlessAllahbestowsHisMercyandbountyuponme.

MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:347)

IstheHadithof"sevenpersonswhomAllahwillshadeunderHisshadewhentherewillbeno
shadeotherthanthatofHim"confinedtomen?

Q:AbrotherfromthescientificInstituteinHawtahBanuTamim,KingdomofSaudiArabia,
asksinhisquestionwhethertheHadithof"sevenpersonswhomAllahwillshadeunderHis
shadewhentherewillbenoshadeotherthanthatofHim"isconfinedtomenexclusively,or
thatwomenfulfillingsuchactswillgaintherewardmentionedintheHadith?

A : ThevirtuementionedintheHadithisnotconfinedtomen,butratherisapplicabletoboth
menandwomen.AyoungladywhogrewupworshipingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)fallsunderthis
rule.ThesameappliestowomenwholoveeachotherfortheSakeofAllah:aladywhois
seducedbyamanofhighstandingandbeautybutshesays,IfearAllah:awomanwhogives
charityoutoflawfulgainwhoserighthanddoesnotknowwhatthelefthasgiven:anda
womanwhoremembersAllahinprivateandhereyesshedtears.Leadershipandleading
congregationalprayersinmosquesareamongthecharacteristicsofmen.Itisbetterfora
womantoofferprayerinherhouseasstatedbyauthenticHadithsrelatedfromtheMessenger
ofAllah(peacebeuponhim).

MayAllahgrantussuccess.

www.ircpk.com

Rulingonusingnewspapersasatablecloth

Q:Isitpermissibletousenewspapersasatablecloth?Ifthisisnotpermissible,whatshould
wedowiththemafterreadingthem?

A : Itisnotpermissibletousenewspapersasatableclothduringameal.Similarly,theyshould
notbeusedtowrapthingsinandshouldnotbetreatedwithanyotherkindofabusive
manner,iftheyincludeanyAyahs(Qur'anicverses)orDhikr(remembranceofAllah).Ifthatis
thecase,theyshouldbekeptinasuitableplace,burnt,orburiedincleanground.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:348)

Rulingonwearingcircularshapedgoldjewelryforwomen

Q:SomewomenhavedoubtsabouttheFatwa(legalopinionissuedbyaqualifiedMuslim
scholar)oftheprominentShaykhMuhammadNasirAlDinAlAlbany,theMuhaddith(Hadith
scholar)oftheLevant(theregioncoveringSyria,Lebanon,Jordan,andPalestine)inhisbook
"AdabulZefaf"(EtiquetteoftheWedding),abouttheprohibitionofwearingcircularshaped
goldjewelryingeneral.Somewomenhaverefrainedfromwearingit,describingthewomen
whowearitasmisguided.Whatisyouropiniononwearingthecircularshapedgoldjewelryin
particular?WeurgentlyneedyourFatwa,forthematterhasgrownsobadandproblematic.
MayAllahforgiveyouandincreaseyouinknowledge!

FromDoha

A : Itispermissibleforwomentowearcircularandnoncircularshapedgold,becauseAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)says: (LiketheythenforAllh)acreaturewhoisbroughtupinadornments(wearingsilkandgold
ornaments,i.e.women),andwhoindisputecannotmakeherselfclear? Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)mentionsthat
ornaments,includinggold,featurewomen.ItwasalsorelatedbyAhmad,AbuDawud,andAl
Nasa'ywithgoodSanad(chainofnarrators)ontheauthorityofAmirAlMu'minin(Commander
oftheBelievers),`AlyibnAbuTalib(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim),thattheMessenger
(peacebeuponhim)said: Thesetwo(goldandsilk)areforbiddenforthemalesofmyUmmah(nationbasedonone
creed). AccordingtoanothernarrationbyIbnMajah,thefollowingwasadded: ...andlawfulforthe
females.

ItwasalsorelatedbyAhmad,AlNasa'y,AlTirmidhy,andAbuDawudwhorankeditasSahih
(authentic)alongwithAlHakim,AlTabarany,andIbnHazmontheauthorityofAbuMusaAl
Ash`ary(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Goldandsilk
arepermittedforMuslimfemalesandprohibitedformales. However,theHadithiscriticizedforthe
interruptionbetweenSa`idibnAbuHindandAbuMusa,butthereisnocertainfoundationforthat
criticism.WehavealreadymentionedthosewhorankeditasSahih.Supposingthevalidityof
thementionedcauseofcriticism,theHadithissupportedbyothertextsofauthenticHadith
accordingtothewellknownrulefortheHadithscholars.

ScholarsfromamongtheSalaf(righteouspredecessors)usedtoapplythisrule.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:349)

Somescholarsconveyedconsensusonthepermissibilityofwearinggoldforwomen.Following
aresomeoftheseviewstoillustratethematter:

A lJassassaidinhisTafsir(exegesisofthemeaningsoftheQur'an)[vol.3,p.388]aboutgold:
"ThereportedHadithfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andtheCompanionsaboutits
permissibilityforwomenareclearerandmorefamousthantheviewssupportingits
prohibition.ThemeaningoftheAyah(Qur'anicverse)whichwehavementionedprovesits
permissibilityforwomen.WearingjewelsforwomenhasspreadfromthetimeoftheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)andhisCompanionsuntilourverydayandnoobjectionisrecordedto
this.Thus,Hadithu lAhad(aHadithwhichatsomepointinthechainhasonlyasingle
narrator)cannotdiscreditthiswidelypracticedbehavior."

Also, A lKayaAlHarasysaidinhisTafsir[vol.4,p.391]ofthefollowingAyah: (LiketheythenforAllh)a


creaturewhoisbroughtupinadornments(wearingsilkandgoldornaments,i.e.women) "Itimpliesthepermissibility
ofwearingjewelsforwomen.Indeed,theconsensusisheldonthispointandthereportsin
thisregardarecountless."

A lBayhaqysaidin"AlSunnanAlKubra"[vol.4,p.142],whenhementionedsomeHadiththat
indicatethepermissibilityofwearinggoldandsilkforwomenwithoutfurtherdetails:"These
reportsandthelikeindicatethepermissibilityofwearingjewelryforwomen.Theconsensus
onitspermissibilityprovestheabrogationofthereportsindicatingtheprohibitionofwearing
jewelryinparticular.

A lNawawysaidin"AlMajmu`"[vol.4,p.442]:"Accordingtotheconsensusofscholars,women
arepermittedtowearsilkandgoldandsilverjewelryasprovenbytheauthenticHadith
reportedinthisregard."

Healsosaid[vol.6,p.40],"Muslimsholdconsensusonthepermissibilityofwearingallkinds
ofjewelrymadeofgoldandsilverforwomen,suchasneckbands,necklaces,rings,bracelets,
anklets,andallthattheyareusedtoweararoundtheneckorelsewherewithoutany
objectiontothis." www.ircpk.com
Healsosaidin"SahihMuslim"(CommentaryontheSahihBookofHadithofImamMuslim),chapter
"Theprohibitionofwearinggoldringsformenandtheabrogationofitspermissibilityatthe
beginningofIslam":"Muslimsholdconsensusonthepermissibilityofwearinggoldringsfor
women."

(PartNo:6,PageNo:350)

A lHafizhIbnHajar(mayAllahbemercifulwithhim)saidinhisexplanationofthefollowing
HadithreportedontheauthorityofAlBara': TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)hasforbiddenusfromseven:He
forbadeus(fromwearing)goldrings... vol.10,p.317]:"Theprohibitionofwearinggoldringsis
restrictedtomentotheexclusionofwomen.Indeed,consensuswasheldonthepermissibility
ofwearinggoldforwomen."

InadditiontotheprevioustwoHadithandtheconsensusreportedbytheabovementioned
scholars,thefollowingHadithgivefurthersupporttothepermissibilityofwearinggoldfor
women,whethercircularshapedornot:

1.AbuDawudandAlNasa'yrelatedontheauthorityof`AmribnShu`aybfromhisfatherfrom
hisgrandfather: AwomancametotheProphet(peacebeuponhim)accompaniedbyherdaughter,whowaswearingtwo
heavygoldbanglesinherhands.Hesaidtoher:DoyoupayZakah(obligatorycharity)onthem?Shesaid:No.Hethensaid:Would
youbepleasedwhenAllahputstwobanglesoffireinyourhands?Thereupon,shetookthemoffandplacedthembeforetheProphet
(peacebeuponhim),saying:TheyareforAllahandHisMessenger. Thus,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)
explainedtoherthelegalnecessityofpayingZakahonthetwomentionedkindsof
adornments.Hedidnotrebukeherforallowingherdaughtertowearthem,whichindicates
thepermissibilityofwearinggoldevenifcircularshaped.ThisHadithisauthenticandits
SanadisgoodascommentedbyAlHafizhin"AlBulugh".

2.ItwasrelatedinSunanAbuDawudwithanauthenticSanadontheauthorityof`Aishah
(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)thatshesaid: AnornamentwasgiftedtotheProphet(peacebeuponhim)bythe
NegusagoldenringwithanAbyssinianstone.TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)pickeditupwithastickturningaway
fromitorwithsomeofhisfingersthensummonedUmamah,thedaughterofAbuAl`AsandthedaughterofhisdaughterZaynab,
andsaid:Ogirl,takethisanduseitasanadornment. Thus,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)gavearingto
Umamah,whichwascircularshapedgold,saying,"useitasanadornment".Thistextprovesthe
permissibilityofwearingcircularshapedgold.

3.ItwasrelatedbyAbuDawud,AlDaraqutny,andAlHakimwhorankeditasSahihHadithin
"BulughAlMaram": OntheauthorityofUmSalamah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)whonarratedthatsheusedtowear
adornmentsofgoldandasked:OMessengerofAllah,isitatreasure?Hesaid:IfyoupayitsZakah,itwillnotbeatreasure.

AsfortheHadithwhoseoutwardmeaningsindicatetheprohibitionofwearinggoldfor
women,theyareShadhHadith(Hadithnarratedbyatrustworthynarrator,notinlinewiththe
narrationofothertrustworthynarratorsintermsofwording,chainofnarrators,orboth)and
contradictorytothemostcorrectandprovenreports.ScholarsofHadithdecidedthatthe
HadithreportedinthisregardhavegoodSanad,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:351)

butarecontradictorytomoreauthenticHadith.Sincewecannotreconcilebetweenthemand
thedatesoftheseHaditharenotknown,thereforetheyareconsideredShadhHadith.Thus,
theyarenotreliableproofsandcannotbeacteduponaccordingly.AlHafizhAl`Iraqy(mayAllahbe
mercifulwithhim)saidin"AlAlfiyyah":

IntheShadhHadith,a agroupoftrustworthynarrators
trustworthynarratorcontradicts asdefinedbyAlShafi`y

A lHafizhIbnHajarsaidin"AlNukhbah","IftheHadithisinconflictwithamorepreponderant
Hadith,themostpreponderantistheMahfuzh(authentic)andtheotheristheShadh."

HadithscholarsstatethatapreconditionoftheauthenticityofHadithisnottobeShadh.No
doubt,thereportedHadithontheprohibitionofgoldforwomen,ifwesupposethevalidityof
theirSanad,cannotbereconciledwithotherauthenticHadiththatindicatethepermissibility
ofgoldforwomen,whilethedatesoftheseHaditharenotknown.Thus,itisobligatoryto
judgethemasShadhandinvalid,accordingtothissubstantiallegalruleforscholars.

OurMuslimbrotherShaykhMuhammadNasirAlDinAlAlbanyinhisbook"AdabulZefaf"wastryingto
reconciletheHadithofpermissibilityandprohibition,interpretingtheHadithofprohibitionto
meanthecircularshapedgoldandtheHadithofpermissibilitytomeanotherkindsofgold
jewelry.However,thisisincorrectandcontradictorytotheauthenticHadith,whichreferto
thepermissibilityofgoldingeneral,sincetheyindicatethepermissibilityofwearingringsand
b r a c e l e t s , w h i l e b o t h a r e c i r c u l a rshaped.Moreover,theHadithwhichindicatethe
permissibilityareabsolute,notlimited.Therefore,itisobligatorytoactaccordingtothem,
becauseoftheirabsolutenessandthevalidityoftheirSanad.Thisopinionissupportedbythe
consensusreportedbyagroupofscholarsontheabrogationoftheHadithwhichindicatethe www.ircpk.com
prohibition,andwhichwehavepreviouslymentioned.Thisisdefinitelythetruth,which
revealsandsettlesthisdoubtfulmatter.TherulingofShari`ah(Islamiclaw)statesthatitis
permissibleforwomentoweargoldwhilemenareprohibitedfromthat.MayAllahgrantus
success!AllpraiseisduetoAllah,Lordoftheworlds.Maypeaceandblessingsbeuponour
ProphetMuhammad,hisfamily,andCompanions!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:352)

Rulingongreetingbywavingthehand

Q:Whatistherulingongreetingbywavingone'shand?

A : Itisnotpermissibletogreetwithawaveofthehand.TheactofSunnah(whateveris
reportedfromtheProphet)istoextendandreturntheSalam(Islamicgreetingofpeace)in
words.Greetingwithawaveofthehandisnotpermissible,becauseitisanimitationofsome
Kafirs(disbelievers)whodothis,andbecauseitiscontrarytowhatisprescribedbyAllah.
However,ifapersonwavestoonewhomheisgreetingtoindicatethatheissayingSalam,
becauseheisfaraway,whilstalsoutteringthewordsoftheSalam[Assalamu`alaykum
warahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)],thereis
nothingwrongwiththat,becausethereisevidencetothateffect.Similarly,ifthepersonwho
isgreetedisbusyofferingSalah(Prayer),hemayrespondwithagesture,aswasauthentically
reportedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim).

www.ircpk.com

Rulingonurinatingwhilestanding

Q:Isitpermissibleforamantourinatewhilestanding,whilemakingsurethatnourinesoils
thebodyortheclothes?

A : Thereisnothingwrongwithurinatingwhilestanding,particularlywhennecessary,ifthe
placeishiddenwherenoonecanseethe`Awrah(privatepartsofthebodythatmustbe
coveredinpublic)oftheoneurinatingandtheurinedoesnotsoilhim.Itwasauthentically
reportedontheauthorityofHudhayfah(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim): TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
cametothedumpsofsomepeopleandurinatedwhilestanding. (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim)
However,itisbettertourinatewhilesitting,forthisistheregularpracticeoftheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)andcoversthe`Awrahandsavesonefrombeingsoiledbyurine.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:353)

WhetheraMuslimshouldbecomethebrotherofanonMuslimherescues

Q:DoesaMuslimbecomethebrotherofanonMuslimherescues?

A : AMuslimrescuingotherMuslimsornoncombatantKafirs(disbelievers/nonMuslims)does
notbecomeabrothertothem.Ifthepersonbeingrescuedisawoman,therescuerdoesnot
becomeaMahram(anunmarriageablerelative)toher.Suchactisrewardedforitisanactof
kindness,eveniftheonerescuedisaKafir.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: anddo
good.Truly,AllhlovesAlMuhsinn(thegooddoers). He(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)alsosays: Allhdoesnot
forbidyoutodealjustlyandkindlywiththosewhofoughtnotagainstyouonaccountofreligionnordroveyououtofyourhomes.
Verily,Allhlovesthosewhodealwithequity. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: AllahcontinuestohelpHis
He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: Whoeverfulfillstheneedsofhis
Servantaslongastheservanthelpshisbrother.
ThesetwoHaditharerelatedtoMuslims.ItwasreportedintheTwo
brother,Allahwillfulfillhisneeds.
Sahih(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim)ontheauthorityofAsma'bintAbu
Bakr(mayAllahbepleasedwithbothofthem)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)allowed
hertokeepgoodrelationswithherKafirmotheratthetimeofthetrucethattookplace
betweentheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andthepeopleofMakkah.Concerningcombatant
Kafirs,itisnotpermissibletohelptheminanywayrather,helpingthemisoneoftheacts
whichnullifiesIslam.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: ndifanyamongstyoutakesthemasAuliy,
thensurelyheisoneofthem.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:354)

Rulingonwearingleathercoats

Q:Mostcurrently,wehadasharpdebateabouttherulingofwearingleathercoats.Some
believethatsuchcoatsareusuallymadeofpigskin,soiftheyreallyare,whatistherulingon
wearingthem?Isthisreligiouslypermissible,takingintoconsiderationthatsomereligious
bookssuchasAlHalalWalHaram(TheLawfulandUnlawful)byAlQaradawyandAlFiqh
`AlaAlMadhahibAlArba`ah(JurisprudenceaccordingtotheFourSchools)tackledthisissue
indirectlyanddidnotclarifythispoint?

A : ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: "Whentheskinistannedit
becomespure." A n d : "Tanningtheskinofdeadanimalspurifiesit. Scholarsdifferedconcerningthispoint:
someapplythisHadithtoallkindsofanimalskinsingeneralwhileothersconfineittothe
skinsofanimalswhichbecomeHalalwhenslaughteredaccordingtotheShari`ah(Islamic
law).Undoubtedly,itispermissibletousethetannedskinsofdeadanimalsthatbecomeHalal
whenslaughteredaccordingtotheShari`ah,suchascamels,cowsandsheep,inallineterests
accordingtothemostcorrectscholarlyopinion.

Asforthetheskinofpigs,dogsandthelike,whichcannotbemadeHalalbyslaughtering
themaccordingtotheShari`ah,thereisadifferenceofopinionamongthescholarsasto
whethertheycanbemadepurebytanning.Inordertobeonthesafeside,itisbetternotto
usethem,actinguponthesayingoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim): "Whoeveravoidsdoubtful
matterskeepshisreligionandhonorblameless." He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: "Leavewhatcausesyoudoubtfor
thatwhichdoesnotcauseyoudoubt."

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:355)

Theinterpretationof "InclinedandInclining"

Q:WhatisthemeaningoftheMessenger's(peacebeuponhim)saying: "Inclinedandinclining" ?

A : ThisphraseisstatedinanauthenticHadithrelatedbyMusliminhisSahih(authenticbook
ofHadith)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: TherearetwotypesamongsttheinhabitantsofHellfire
whomIhavenotseenyet:Menwhohavewhipslikethetailsofcowswithwhichtheybeatpeople,andwomenwhoareclothedyet
naked,whowillbeinclined[toevil]andareincliningothers[toit].Theirheadsarelikethehumpsofthetwohumpcamelstiltedto
oneside.TheywillnotenterJannah(Paradise)orevensmellitsodor. Thisisasternwarningthatshouldbe
carefullyregarded.

Themeninwhosehandsarewhipslikethetailsofcowsarethosewhostrikepeopleunjustly
suchaspolicemenandothers,whetherthatisdonebyorderofthestateorotherwise.Forthe
stateisonlytobeobeyedinMa`ruf(thatwhichisjudgedasgood,beneficial,orfittingby
IslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect).TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Obedienceis
mandatoryonlyinMa`ruf. He(peacebeupon)alsosaid: Thereshallbenoobediencetoanycreaturetothe
disobedienceoftheCreator. AsfortheProphet's(peacebeuponhim)saying: Andwomenwhoareclothedyet
naked,whowillbeinclined[toevil]andareinclining[otherstoit] ,scholarsinterpret"clothed"tomeanthatthey
areendowedwithgreatbountiesfromAllahbutare"naked",fortheyareenjoyingthe
blessingsofAllahandgivingnothanksforthem.TheydonotobeytheCommandsofAllahor
avoidHisProhibitionseventhoughHehasbestoweduponthemwealthandotherblessings.
Anothermeaningisalsosuggestedthattheywearclothesthatdonotcoverthem,forbeing
toolightortooshort.Thus,theydonotservetheirpurpose.Hence,theyaredescribedas
"naked",

astheclothestheyweardonotcovertheirAwrah(privatepartsofthebodythatmustbe
coveredinpublic).Overandabove,"Inclined"meansdeviantfromchastityandrighteousness
i.e.theycommitsinsandevildeedslikethosewhodoimmoralactsorfallshorttoperformthe
obligatoryduties,prayer,etc.Asfortheinterpretationof"Inclining",itmeansthatthey
misguideothersi.e.theycallpeopletoevilandcorruption.So,theyleadotherstoimmorality
andsinbywordsanddeeds.Theycommitimmoralactionsbecauseoftheirweakorfading
Iman(faith/belief).ThisSahihHadithintendstowarnagainstwrongdoingandallkindsof
corruptionwhethercommittedbymenorwomen.AsfortheProphet'ssaying: Theirheadsarelike
thehumpsofthelongneckedcamelstiltedtooneside

,somescholarssaid,theymaketheirheadslookbig,becauseofthewigsandthelikethat
theyuseuntiltheylooklikethehumpsofcamels.Thementionedtypeofcamelhastwo
humpsbetweenwhichthereisadip.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:356)

Sothatonehumpleansonewayandtheotherleanstotheotherway.Thus,whenthese
womanmaketheirheadslookbiginthisway,theylooklikethesehumps.

Regardinghissaying(peacebeuponhim): TheywillnotenterJannahorevensmellitsodor Thoughthisis


asternwarning,itdoesnotnecessarilyimplytheirdisbelieforeternalpunishmentinhellfire.
LikeotherdisobedientpeoplewhodieasMuslims,theyareliabletopunishmentfortheirsins,
buttheycontinuetobeundertheWillofAllahAllahmayforgiveorpunishthemaccordingto
HisWill.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)saysintwopositionsinSurahAlNisa': Verily,Allh
forgivesnotthatpartnersshouldbesetupwithHim(inworship),butHeforgivesexceptthat(anythingelse)towhomHewills

However,ifaMuslimwrongdoerentershellfire,hewillnotlastthereinforeverlikethe
disbelievers.So,murderers,adulterers,andthosewhocommitsuicidewillnotlastforeverin
hellbutwillstayforaspecificperiodaccordingtoAhlu lSunnahwalJama`ah(those
adheringtotheSunnahandtheMuslimmainbody).ThisiscontrarytothebeliefsofKhawarij(separatist
groupthatbelievescommittingamajorsinamountstodisbelief),theMu`tazilah(adeviantIslamicsectclaimingthatthosewho
commitmajorsinsareinastatebetweenbeliefanddisbelief),andthosewhofollowtheirwayamongthepeople
ofBida`(innovationsinreligion),sincetheHadithsnarratedfromtheMessengerofAllah
(peacebeuponhim)indicatethathewillintercedeforthesinnersamonghisUmmah(nation
ofcreed)andthatAllahwillacceptthatintercessionfromhim(peacebeuponhim)several
timeseachtimeHewillspecifyanumberwhoaretobebroughtforthfromhellfire.Similarly,
therestoftheMessengers,theMu'minun(believers),theangels,andchildren,fortheywillall
intercedebyAllahsWill.AllahwillaccepttheirintercessionforwhomsoeverHewillsamong
thepeopleofTawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah/monotheism)whohaveenteredhellfire
bytheirsins,butareMuslims.Then,therewillremaininhellfirethosesinnerswhoarenot
includedintheintercessionoftheintercessors,butAllahwillbringthemforthbyHisMercy
andGrace.Finally,therewillbenoneleftinHellbutthekuffarwhowilllastthereinforever www.ircpk.com
andever,accordingtoAllah'ssaying: wheneveritabates,WeshallincreaseforthemthefiercenessoftheFire. He
(ExaltedbeHe)says: Sotasteyou(theresultsofyourevilactions).NoincreaseshallWegiveyou,exceptintorment.
Moreover,He(GlorifiedbeHe)saysregardingtheKuffaramongsttheidolaters: ThusAllhwill
showthemtheirdeedsasregretsforthem.AndtheywillnevergetoutoftheFire. Allah(ExaltedbeHe)alsosays:
Verily,thosewhodisbelieve,iftheyhadallthatisintheearth,andasmuchagaintherewithtoransomthemselvestherebyfromthe
tormentontheDayofResurrection,itwouldneverbeacceptedofthem,andtheirswouldbeapainfultorment. Theywilllongto
TheAyahsthatstressthis
getoutoftheFire,butneverwilltheygetouttherefromandtheirswillbealastingtorment.
meaningarenumerous.MayAllahkeepussafeandsecurefromtheirstate!

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:357)

ThisHadithisfalselyattributedtotheProphet(peacebeuponhim)

Q:SomepeopleinDarAlNa`im,PortSudan,saythatonedayapersonwhoclaimsknowledge
gavethemaKhutbah(sermon)aftertheZhuhr(Noon)Prayer.Hetoldthemthatwhen
Khadijah,thewifeoftheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)died,heslaughtereda
camelandacceptedcondolencesforthreedays.HeclaimedthiswasmentionedintheHadith
ofQatadah.

HementionedanotherHadithwithoutspecifyingthesourcenarratorstatingthatthe
MessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said,"Iamatreewhosetrunkis`Aly,whosebranch
isFatimah,andwhosefruitsareAlHasanandAlHussayn."

HementionedathirdHadiththatstatesthattheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)was
oncewalkinginthemountainsofMakkahwhenhemetaJewishman.Heaskedhim,"Have
younotbelievedinmeyet?"TheJewreplied,"No."Hesaidtohim,"Askthistreetocome."
TheJewsaid,"Muhammadasksyoutocome."So,thetreecametohimcoveringhimwithits
shade.Heaskedit,"WhoamI?"Thetreereplied,"YouareMuhammad,theMessengerof
Allah."TheJewthenpronouncedthetwoShahadahs(TestimoniesofFaith).Thetreethen
ascendedtotheheavensitcircumambulatedaround`Arsh(AllahsThrone),Kursy(Allahs
Chair)andAlLawhu lMahfuzh(thePreservedTablet)anditaskedAllahforpermissionto
invokepeaceandblessingsupontheProphet(peacebeuponhim).He(peacebeuponhim)
askedtheJewtokisshishandsandhisfeet.Anothertalestatesthat`Uthmanibn`Affan
(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)sawamancircumambulatingaroundtheKa`bah,sohesaid
tohim,"YouhavecommittedZina(adultery)."Themanasked,"Howdidyouknowthat?"He
said,"Isawitinyoureyes."Themansaid,"IhavenotcommittedZina,butIlookedata
Jewishwoman(lustfully)."Heasked`Uthman(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim),"Didyouknow
thisthroughWahy(Revelation)?"Hereplied,"No,itisjustaMu'min's(believer)insight."
Whenthatpreacherwasaskedforpiecesofevidenceonthesetales,hissupportersattacked
us.Please,clarifytheopinionofShari`ah(Islamiclaw)regardingthesetales.

A : TheseareallfabricatedandgroundlessnarrationsthatarefalselyascribedtotheProphet
(peacebeuponhim).HedidnotacceptcondolencesforthreedaysonthedeathofKhadijah(may
Allahbepleasedwithher),nordidheslaughteracamelorinvitethepeopletocomeandoffer
condolencesforhim,likewhatpeopledonowadays.He(peacebeuponhim)usedto
supplicatetoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)forKhadijah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)often.
Sometimes,heusedtoslaughteracamelanddistributeitamongherfriendsasagift.Healso
usedtosupplicatetoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)tohavemercyuponher.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:358)

ThetaleofthetreeandtheJewishmanisalsofabricatedandgroundless.Thesameapplies
tothetaleof`Uthman(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim).Moreover,QatadahwasnotaSahaby
(CompanionoftheProphet)hewasaTabi`y(Follower,oneofthegenerationafterthe
CompanionsoftheProphet).

Thesefourtalesareallfalseandfabricated.However,itwasauthenticallyreportedfromthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)inotherHadithsthathecalledsometrees,sotheycametohim.
ThisisoneofthesignsofProphethood.ThistaleisauthenticallyestablishedintheSahih
(authentic)BookofMuslim.Oncewhilehewastraveling,hewantedtourinate,soheaskedtwo
treestocomenear.Hesatdownbetweenthemtourinateandtheneachtreereturnedtoits
place.ThisisoneofthemiraclesperformedbyAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)andoneofthesignsof
HisOmnipotencewhenHedecreessomething,Hesaystoitonly"Be!"anditis.Itisalsoone
oftheproofsontheProphethoodoftheMessengerofAllah.Thisisunlikethetalefabricated
bythisman.

Peopleshouldbewarnedagainstthoseliars,apreachershouldfearAllah(ExaltedbeHe)as
Heshouldbefearedwhilepreachingpeople.Heshouldremindthemofwhatbenefitsthemin
religiousandworldlyaffairsthroughAyahs(Qur'anicverses)andSahihHadiths.Itis
authenticallyreportedfromtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)thathesaid, Aperson
whorelatesfrommesomethingwhichtheydeemfalseisaliar. RelatedbyMusliminhisSahihBookof
Hadith.He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid, Whoeverfabricatesliesagainstme,letthemassumetheirabodein
Hellfire. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim).TherearemanyHadithsinthisregard.

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:359)

ExplainingthemeaningofAlQasitunandAlMuqsitunintheQur'an

Q:WouldyoupleasetellmethedifferencebetweenthefollowingAyahs(Qur'anicverses):In
SurahAlJinn(Ayah:15),Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, AndasfortheQsitn(disbelieverswhodeviatedfrom
theRightPath),theyshallbefirewoodforHell, whilein(Ayah:8)ofSurahAlMumtahanah,Allah(Exalted
beHe), Verily,Allhlovesthosewhodealwithequity. Again,inSurahAlMa'idah(Ayah:42),Allah
(ExaltedbeHe)says, judgewithjusticebetweenthem.Verily,Allhlovesthosewhoactjustly.

A : Theword"Qist"meansjusticeandMuqsitunsignifiesthejustpeopleintheirjudgments,in
theirrelationswiththeirfamilies,andinwhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)madetheminchargeof.
Theverb"Aqsata"meanstoactjustlyandfulfilltherights.However,a"Qasit"isanunjust
person.Thus,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, AndasfortheQsitn(disbelieverswhodeviatedfromtheRightPath),
theyshallbefirewoodforHell, ThisAyahreferstoAlQsitni.e.theunjustpeoplewhotransgressthe
limitsofAllahtheyarepromisedtobethefirewoodforHell.Asfor"Muqsitun",theyarethe
just,guidedpeoplewhoactfairlyintheirjudgments,intheirrelationswiththeirfamilies,and
inwhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)enchargedthemwith.Thus,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, Verily,
Allhlovesthosewhoactjustly. Helovesthepeopleofjusticeandintegrity.ItismentionedinaSahih
(authentic)HadiththattheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)said, Muqsitunwillbeseatedon
pulpitsoflightontheDayofResurrection.Theyarethosewhoactfairlyintheirjudgments,intheirrelationswiththeirfamilies,andin
whattheyareinchargeof.

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:360)

RulingontouchingtheGloriousQur'anbyamenstruatingwoman

Q:Weareagroupoffemalestudentswhostudyatagirls'school.DuringtheHolyQur'anclass
ourteacherasksustoreciteQur'an.Thepointisthatsometimesweareinmensesbutwefeel
shytotellourteacherandsoweconformtohisrequest.Isdoingsopermissible?Ifitisnot,
whatshouldwedoiftheexamdaycomeswhilesomeofusaremenstruating?

A : Scholars(mayAllahbemercifulwiththemall)disagreedregardingtherulingon
menstruatingwomenrecitingtheGloriousQur'anandthosewhoareinpostpartumperiod.
SomescholarsheldtheviewthatdoingsoisHaram(prohibited)justasthecasewithregard
towhoeverisJunub(inastateofmajorritualimpurity).Suchscholarsproceededbysaying
thatsinceitisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)statedthata
JunubisnotpermittedtoreciteQur'an,thesameappliestowomenintheirmensesand
postpartumperiodbecausetheyarealldifferentformsofJanabah(majorritualimpurity
relatedtosexualdischarge).Consequently,menstruatingwomenorthoseinpostpartum
periodmaynotreciteQur'anuntiltheybecomepure.Insupportoftheirview,theadvocates
ofthisopinionalsoquotedtheHadithwhichisrelatedbyAlTirmidhyontheauthorityofIbn
`Umar(mayAllahbepleasedwiththemboth)thathesaid: Amenstruatingwomanorajunubmaynot
reciteanythingfromtheQur'an .

However,someotherscholarsstatedthatitispermissibleformenstruatingwomenandthose
inpostpartumperiodtorecitetheQur'anbyheart.Theyjustifiedtheiropinionbysayingthat
boththemensesandpostpartumperiodmaylastformanydaysandthusQiyas(analogy)can
notbedrawnbetweenthemandJanabahasthelatter'speriodisshort.Moreover,unlikea
menstruatingwomanorshewhoisinpostpartumperiod,ajunubcanimmediatelyperform
Ghusl(ritualbathfollowingmajorritualimpurity)thenreciteQur'an.AsfortheHadiththatis
quotedbythefirstgroupofscholars,itisstatedthatitisaDa`if(weak)Hadithbecauseitis
narratedbyIsma`ilibn`AyyashfromthepeopleofHijazandsuchnarrationsareDa`if.Thissecond
opinionisthemostproperone.

Accordingly,itispermissibleforawomanwhoisinhermenstruationorpostpartumperiodto
reciteQur'anbyheart.Thisisbecauseboththemensesandpostpartumperiodlastformany
daysandthusQiyascannotbedrawnbetweenthemandJanabah.Tobemorespecific,a
femalestudentorteacher(whoisinhermensesorpostpartumperiod)ispermittedtorecite
Qur'anbyheartbutnotfromtheMushaf(ArabicQur'an)duringtheexamoratanyother
time.However,ifthefemalestudentorteacherneedstoreciteQur'anusingtheMushaf,this
ispermissibleprovidedthatascreenisused

(PartNo:6,PageNo:361)

suchaglove.

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Rulingonsmoking,selling,andtradingintobacco

Q:Whatistherulingonsmoking?IsitHaram(prohibited)orMakruh(reprehensible)?Whatis
therulingonsellingandtradinginit?

`A.H.`A.H

A : TobaccoisHaram,sinceitisanevilthingthatinvolvesmuchharm.Allah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)madegoodthingsincludingfood,drinks,andsoon,lawfulforHisservantsand
madeevilthingsunlawfulforthem.

Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says, Theyaskyou(OMuhammad)whatislawfulforthem
(asfood).Say:"LawfuluntoyouareAtTayyibt[allkindofHall(lawfulgood)foodswhichAllhhasmadelawful(meatof
slaughteredeatableanimals,milkproducts,fats,vegetablesandfruits)]. IndescribingHisProphet(peacebeupon
him)inSurahAlA`raf,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says, hecommandsthemforAlMarf(i.e.IslmicMonotheism
andallthatIslmhasordained)andforbidsthemfromAlMunkar(i.e.disbelief,polytheismofallkinds,andallthatIslmhas
forbidden)heallowsthemaslawfulAtTayyibt(i.e.allgoodandlawfulasregardsthings,deeds,beliefs,persons,foods),and
prohibitsthemasunlawfulAlKhabith(i.e.allevilandunlawfulasregardsthings,deeds,beliefs,personsandfoods) Allkinds
oftobaccoandintoxicantsarenotfromthegoodlawfulthingsbutarefromthebadunlawful
things.Itisnotpermissibletosmoke,sell,ortradeinforitsseriousharmsandevil
consequences.

ItisobligatoryuponwhoeversmokesortradesintobaccotohastentomakeTawbah
(repentancetoAllah),returntoAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),regretthepastsinsand
tobedeterminednevertorepeatthemagain.Whosoeverrepentssincerely,Allah(Exaltedbe
He)willaccepthisrepentance.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says, AndallofyoubegAllhtoforgiveyouall,O
believers,thatyoumaybesuccessful Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays: Andverily,Iamindeedforgivingtohimwho
repents,believes(inMyOneness,andassociatesnoneinworshipwithMe)anddoesrighteousgooddeeds,andthenremains
constantindoingthem,(tillhisdeath). TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Penitencewipesoutallmisdeeds
donebeforeit. TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: "Hewhorepents
fromhissinsisliketheonewhodidnotcommitasin."

MayAllahsetrighttheaffairsofMuslimsandprotectthemagainstallthatcontradictsHis
Shari`ah(Law).HeisAllHearerandResponsive!

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:363)

Disapprovalofusingsignsadvertisingcigarettes

From`Abdul`Azizbin`AbdullahIbnBaztoHisHighnessthehonorableprince`AbdulMuhsinIbn`Abdul`Aziz,
theprinceofAlMadinahAlMunawwarahmayAllahgranthimsuccess,Amen.

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

Itiswellknownthatthegovernment,mayAllahgrantitsuccess,bannedadvertisingcigarettesin
newspapersandwarnedagainstencouragingpeopletosmoke.Nevertheless,Iamawarethatnowadays
manygrocersandothersusesignstoadvertisecigarettesandencouragepeopletosmoke.Moreover,Iam
awarethatmanyboysandothersreceivepeoplebythedoorsofAlMasjidAlNabawy(theProphetsMosquein
Madinah)whentheygooutafterfinishingtheSalah(Prayer),callthemtobuycigarettes,andencouragethem
tosmoke.

Thus,IhopeyourHighnessstrictlydirectstheconcernedauthoritiestostopthisandtheothersimilar
practicesandtopunishwhoeverviolatessuchinstructions.ThisistoprotectMuslimsagainsttheevilsof
smokingandtoretaintheirDin(religion),health,andwealth.Thisisalsotoimplementthestrictinstructions
ofthegovernmentinthisregard.MayAllahrewardyouforyourgooddeeds,helpyoutosupportHisDin,
andblessyourefforts!Verily,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)isthebestOnetobeaskedforhelp.Assalamu
`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh.

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:364)

Questionsandanswers

Firstquestion:isitpermissibleforawomantoreciteQur'anwhilesheismenstruating?Isit
permissibleforhertoreciteAyatulKursy(theQuranicVerseinSurahAlBaqarah,2:255)
whenshegoestobedwithouttouchingtheMushaf(ArabicQur'an)?Pleasegivemea
detailedanswersothatImayhavecomprehensivetrueknowledgeonthismatter.

A : AllpraisebetoAllahAloneandpeaceandblessingsbeupontheMessengerofAllah.I
discussedthisissuebeforemorethanonceandpointedoutthatitispermissibleforawoman
toreciteQur'anbyheartwhilesheismenstruatingorinpostpartumperiodbecausethereare
Shar`y(Islamiclegal)proofstosupportthis.Nevertheless,scholars(mayAllahbemerciful
withthem)disagreedregardingthisissue:

Somescholarsheldtheviewthatamenstruatingwomanorwhoisinpostpartumperiodisnot
permittedtoreciteQur'anjustasitistherulingregardingwhoeverisJunub(inastateof
majorritualimpurity).Insupportoftheirview,theyquotedaDa`if(weak)Hadiththatis
relatedbyAbuDawudontheauthorityofIbn'Umar(mayAllahbepleasedwiththemboth)
thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: AmenstruatingwomanoraJunubpersonisnotpermittedtorecite
anythingfromtheQur'an Anyway,scholarsstatedthatthisHadithisDa`ifbecauseitisnarratedby
Isma`ilibn`AyyashfromthepeopleofHijazandthisnarrationisweak.

Ontheotherhand,somescholarsdrewQiyas(analogy)betweenmenstruatingwomenand
whoeverisJunub.TheyproceededbysayingthatsinceaJunubpersonisnotpermittedto
reciteQur'an,thesameappliestowomenhavingtheirmensesorpostpartumperiodbecause
allthesearedifferentformsofJanabah(majorritualimpurityrelatedtosexualdischarge)for
whichGhusl(ritualbathfollowingmajorritualimpurity)isWajib(obligatory).

Torefutetheforegoingopinion,wecansaythatQiyasbetweenwomenwhoaremenstruating
orhavingpostpartumperiodandJunubpersonsisinvalidbecausemenstruationand
postpartumperiodsarelongandthusitmaybedifficultforladiesduringanyoneofthese
periodstostoprecitingtheQur'anorthattheymayforgetmanyoftheQur'anictextsthat
theyhavememorized.TheperiodofJanabahhowever,isshort,andunlikeamenstruating
womanorshewhoishavingpostpartumperiod,ajunubpersoncanimmediatelyperform
GhuslthenreciteQur'an.Accordingly,themostproperofthetwoopinionsofscholarsisthat
whichstatesthepermissibilityformenstruatingwomenorthosewhoareinpostpartum
periodtorecitewhattheyhavememorizedfromtheQur'an.Itispermissibleforthemto
reciteAyatu lKursywhentheygotobed.Moreover,itispermissibleforthemtoreciteby
heartwhatevertheylikefromtheQur'anatanytime.Thisisthemostproperopinionandthe
originalrulingandthuswhen`AishahmenstruatedduringtheFarewellHajj,theProphet(peace
beuponhim)instructedhersaying: DowhatallthepilgrimsdoexceptthatyoudonotperformtheTawaf
'circumambulation'roundtheKabatillyouarepurified andhe(peacebeuponhim)didnotforbidherto

(PartNo:6,PageNo:365)

reciteQur'an.

SinceitisknownthatMuhrims(pilgrimsintheritualstateforHajjand`Umrah)reciteQur'an,
theProphet'sinstructionto`Aishahmentionedaboveimpliesthathe(peacebeuponhim)
allowedhertoreciteQur'an(whilemenstruating).ThisisbecausetheProphet(peacebeupon
him)forbadehertodoTawafforthisissimilartoSalah(Prayer)andamenstruatingwoman
doesnotperformSalah.ThisisanindicationthatshewasnotforbiddentoreciteQur'anfor
hadthisbeenthecase,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)wouldhavemadethisclearto`Aishah
andotherwomenbothontheoccasionoftheFarewellHajjandinotheroccasions.

Moreover,itisadmittedthatinalmosteveryhousethereisamenstruatingwomanorone
whoisinpostpartumperiodandthushadtherulingbeenthattheyarenotallowedtorecite
Qur'an,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)wouldhavemadeitcleargenerallyforallpeopleso
thattherulingiswellknowntoeverybody.TherearecleartextsthataJunubpersonisnot
allowedtoreciteQur'an.ThisisbecauseJanabahdoesnotlastforlongandapersoncan
immediatelyperformGhuslandreciteQur'an.ItwasthepracticeoftheProphet(peacebe
uponhim)thatheusedtocontinuemakingDhikr(RemembranceofAllah)atalltimes.Only
whenhe(peacebeuponhim)wasJunub,wouldhestoprecitingQur'anuntilhe(peacebe
uponhim)hadperformedGhusl.`Aly(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)narrated: Therewasnothingto
hindertheProphet(peacebeuponhim)from(reciting)Qur'anexceptbeinginthestateofJanabah. Finally,itis
authenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)recitedQur'anafterdefecating
andsaid:"ThisispermissibleforwhoeverisnotinJanabah.ApersonwhoisJunubisallowed
toreciteQur'anorevenoneAyah(Qur'anicverse)ofit."ThisisproofthataJunubpersonis www.ircpk.com
notallowedtoreciteQur'anuntiltheyperformGhusl.

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Q2:Ihaveasisterwhoisinherfiftiessheoverlooksmanyofherson'smistakesrelatedto
religionandmoralsonaccountofherextremeloveforhim.Sheclaimsthatmanyparentsdo
thesame.Pleaseadviseher.MayAllahrewardyouthebest!

A : ItisobligatoryuponMuslimstofearAllah(ExaltedbeHe)withregardtothemselves,their
families,theirneighbors,andtheirallaffairs.AMuslimshouldinvitepeopletoAllah(Exalted
beHe),encouragethemtopropagatevirtueandpreventvice,andfeartheblameofnoone
exceptAllah.EveryMuslimshouldenjoingoodnessandforbidevilwithregardtoallpeople
includinghisrelativesandbelovedones.Itishisdutytowardsthemtoencouragethemtodo
goodnessandforbidthemfromdoingevilandtheywillberewardedforthis.Allah(Glorified
andExaltedbeHe)says, Andwheneveryougiveyourword(i.e.judgebetweenmenorgiveevidence),saythetrutheven
ifanearrelativeisconcerned Thus,itisobligatoryuponallthebelievingmenandwomentofear
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)andfulfilltheirdutiestowardstheirrelativesandpeopleingeneral.
Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says, Oyouwhobelieve!Standoutfirmlyforjustice,aswitnessestoAllh,eventhoughitbe
againstyourselves,oryourparents,oryourkin

(PartNo:6,PageNo:366)

Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says, Oyouwhobelieve!WardoffyourselvesandyourfamiliesagainstaFire(Hell)whosefuelis
menandstones Itisobligatoryuponthebelievingmenandwomentoadvisetheirrelativesand
peopleingeneral,forbidtheMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamic
lawandMuslimsofsoundintellect),andenjoinMa`ruf(thatwhichisjudgedasgood,
beneficial,orfittingbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect).Itisveryimportantto
adviseorguideyourrelativestogoodness.Thisisbetterthangivingthemmoney,forguiding
andencouragingthemtodogoodnessandstopdoingevilismoreimportantthanmoney,as
thiswillbenefittheminthisworldlylifeandintheHereafter.Yoursistershouldnotabandon
enjoininggoodnessorforbiddingevil,becauseofherloveforherson,brother,sister,andso
on.Sheshouldenjoingoodnessandforbidevilinthewaythatshedeemsusefulandhelpful
untilshesucceedsInshaaAllah(ifAllahwills)andisfreeofguilt.

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Thethirdquestion:Peopletalkagreatdealandhavedifferentopinionsabouttheplaceofthe
graveofAlHusayn.CantheMuslimsbenefitfromknowingexactlywhereitis?

Answer:Peoplehaveinfactdifferedconcerningthis.ItissaidthatheisburiedinAlSham(The
Levant),orinIraq,Allahknowsbestwhatistrue.Withregardtohishead,theyalsodiffered
concerningthatitwassaidthatitisburiedinAlShamorinIraqorinEgypt.Thecorrectviewis
thatthesiteinEgyptisnothisgrave,ratherthatisamistakeandtheheadofAlHusaynisnot
there.Anumberofscholarshavewrittenessaysonthatandexplainedthatthereisno
evidencefortheheadofalHusaynbeinginEgypt.Themostlikelyviewtobecorrectistheview
thatitisinAlSham,becauseitwastakentoYazidibnMu`awiyahwhowasinAlSham.Thereisnobasis
fortheviewthatitwastakentoEgypt.EitheritwaskeptinAlShamoritwasreturnedtohisbody
inIraq.

Nevertheless,peopledonotneedtoknowwherehewasburiedorwherehishead.Rather
whatisprescribedistopraythatAllahmayforgivehimandbepleasedwithhim,forhewas
killedunjustly.Soweshouldprayforhimtohaveforgivenessandmercyandhopeformuch
goodforhim.HeandhisbrotherAlHasanwillbethemasteryouthofParadise,astheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said.MayAllahbepleasedwiththem.Ifapersonsgraveisknown,there
isnothingwrongwithsayingSalam(Islamicgreetingofpeace)tohimandmaking
Du`a'(supplication)forhim,asothergravesmaybevisited,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:367)

withoutgoingtoextremesinthatorworshippingthem.Itisnotpermissibletoaskthedead
tointercede,becausenothingcanbeaskedofthedead.Rather,weshouldmakeDu`a'for
themandaskAllahtoshowmercyforthem,iftheywereMuslims,becausetheProphet(peace
beuponhim)said: VisitthegravesfortheyremindyouoftheHereafter.

IfapersonvisitsthegravesofAlHusaynorAlHasanoranyotherMuslimtomakeDu`a'forthem
andprayforthemtohavemercyandforgiveness,ashewoulddoatthegraveofanyother
Muslim,thisisSunnah(acommendableact).Visitinggravestosupplicatetodeadpeopleor
beseechtheirhelporintercessionisareprehensibleactionandindeeditismajorShirk
(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship).Itisnotpermissibletobuild
mosquesordomesovergraves,becausetheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)said: MayAllahcurse
theJewsandChristians,fortheytookthegravesoftheirProphetsasplacesofworship. (AgreeduponbyImamsAl
BukhariandMuslim)ItisauthenticallynarratedfromJabiribn`Abdullah(mayAllahbepleasedwith
them)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim) forbadeplasteringofgraves,sittingonthem,andbuildingoverthem.
Soitisnotpermissibletoplasterovergraves,perfumethem,placescreensaroundthemor
buildoverthemallofthatisforbiddenandthesearemeansthatleadtoShirk.Andweshould
notprayatthegraves,becausetheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Bewareofthosewhopreceded
youandusedtotakethegravesoftheirprophetsandrighteousmenasplacesofworship,butyoushouldnottakegravesasMasjids
(mosques)Iforbidyoutodothat. [RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih(authentic)Bookontheauthorityof
Jundubibn`AbdullaahAlBajaly(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)]ThisHadithindicatesthatit
isnotpermissibletoprayatthegravesortotakethemasMasjids,becausethisisameansto
ShirkandworshippingsomeoneotherthanAllahbycallinguponthem(theoccupantsofthe
graves),seekingtheirhelp,makingvowstothem,andtouchingtheirgravestoseektheir
blessings.HencetheProphet(peacebeuponhim)warnedagainstthat.Rathergravesshould
bevisitedinthemannerprescribedinShari`ah(Islamiclaw)only,togiveSalamtothemand
makeDu`a'forthemandprayforthemtohavemercywithouttravelingspecificallyforthat
purpose.AllahistheSourceofstrengthandtheGuidetothestraightpath.

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Fifthquestion:WhatistherulingonwhoeverclaimstohaveseenAllahinadream?Isittrue,
assomesaythatImamAhmadIbnHanbalsawAllahinadreammorethatahundredtimes?

A : ShaykhalIslamIbnTaymiyyah(mayAllahbemercifultohim)andothersmentionedthatitis
possibleforapersontoseehisLordinadream,butwhattheyseewillnotbethetruth,
becausenothingresemblesAllah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe),Whosays: ThereisnothinglikeHim
andHeistheAllHearer,theAllSeer. Sonothing

(PartNo:6,PageNo:368)

ofHiscreationresemblesHim.However,someonemayseeintheirdreamthattheirLordis
speakingtothem,yet,whatevervisionstheyseeisnotAllah,becausethereisnothinglike
Him,sononeiscoequalorcomparabletoHim.

ShaykhTaqyAlDin(mayAllahbemercifultohim)mentionedinthisregardthatthismayvary
accordingtothesituationofthepersonwhoseesit.Themorerighteousandgoodtheperson
is,theclosertheirdreamwillbetowhatistrueandcorrect.However,Heisdifferentfrom
whatevertheysee,becausethebasicprincipleisthatthereisnothinglikeAllah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe).

However,apersonmayhearavoicethatsayssoandsoordoessuchandsuch,withoutseeing
anyimagethatresemblesanycreatedbeing.ThisisbecausenothingresemblesAllah(Exalted
beHe).ItwasnarratedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)sawhisLordinadream,from
theHadithofMu`adh(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)had
seenHisLord.ItwasalsonarratedviaanumberofIsnads(chainofnarrators)thathesawhis
LordandthatAllahputHisHandbetweentheProphetsshoulderssothathefeltitscoolness
onhischest.AlHafizhIbnRajabwroteanessayonthat,entitled"IkhtiyaralAwlafiSharh
HadithIkhtisamalMala'AlA`la".ItindicatesthattheProphetsmighthaveseentheirLordin
theirdreams.However,seeingtheLordinthisworldwithone'seyesdoesnothappen.

Moreover,theProphet(peacebeuponhim)hadsaidthatnoonewouldseetheirLorduntil
theydie,relatedbyMusliminhisSahih.WhentheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)was
asked:"DidyouseeyourLord",hesaid: "IsawLight" andinanothernarration: "Light,howcouldIsee
Him" (BothwererelatedbyMuslimfromtheHadithofAbuZhar(mayAllahbepleasedwith
him)).When`Aishah(mayAllahbepleasedwithher)wasaskedaboutthis,shesaidthatnoone
intheworldlylifeshallseeHim,forseeingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)inJannahisthegreatest
delightpresentedtotheMu'minun(believers).Therefore,itonlyoccurstothepeopleof
Jannah(Paradise)andIman(faith/belief)intheHereafteraswellastheMu'minuninthe
placeofstandingontheDayofResurrection.Thisworldistheabodeoftrialandtesting
sharedbybothgoodandevilpeople.ItisnotaplaceforseeingAllah(ExaltedbeHe),as
seeingHimisthegreatestdelightthereforeAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hassaveditforHisMu'min
servantsintheabodeofhonorontheDayofResurrection.WithregardtoseeingAllah
(ExaltedbeHe)inadreamasmanypeopleclaimtohaveseen,thisvariesaccordingtothe
situationoftheonewhosees.ShaykhAlIslamIbnTaymiyah(mayAllahbemercifultohim)
saiditispursuanttotheirvirtueandpiety,forsomemayimaginethattheyhaveseenAllah
whenthatisnotthecase,sinceSatanmayappeartothemandmakethemthinkthatheis
theirLord.ItwasnarratedthatSatanappearedto`AbdulQadiralJilanyon

(PartNo:6,PageNo:369)

athroneabovethewater,andsaid:"IamyourLord,andhasrelievedyouofallthe
obligationsuponyou",thenshaykh`AbdulQadirsaid:"Shutup,OenemyofAllah,youarenotmy
Lord,becausethecommandsofmyLordcanneverbedroppedfromthosewhoareMukallafin
(personsmeetingtheconditionstobeheldlegallyaccountablefortheiractions)"orwordsto
thateffect.ThepointisthatseeingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)duringwakefulnesscannothappen
toanyoneinthisworld,northeprophets(peacebeuponthem),accordingtotheHadithofAbu
Dhar.ThisisalsoindicatedbyAllah'sSayingtoMusa(Moses)(peacebeuponhim)whenhe
askedhisLordtolethimseeHim.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)toldhim: YoucannotseeMe However,the
ProphetsandsomeoftherighteousmayseeHiminadreaminamannerthatdoesnot
resembleanyofHiscreation,asstatedaboveintheHadithofMu`adh(mayAllahbepleased
withhim).However,ifthereisacommandtodosomethingthatgoesagainstShari`ah
(IslamicLaw),thisisasignthattheyhavenotseentheirLord,butratherSatan.Ifsomeone
seesSatan,hemaytell,"Donotpray,foryouhavebeenexemptedfromobligations""Youdo
nothavetopayZakah(obligatorycharity),fastRamadan,orhonoryourparents",or"Itdoes
notmatterifyoueatRiba(usury/interest)"...andsoonallsuchthingsaresignsthatthe
personseeninthedreamisSatan,notAllah(ExaltedbeHe).Regardingthereportsthat
ImamAhmadhadseenhisLord,Idonotknowiftheyareauthenticornot.Itissaidthathesaw
hisLord,butIdonotknowaboutthecredibilityofthat.
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(PartNo:6,PageNo:370)

QuestionsandTheirAnswers

Q1:IreadaHadithstating,"DonotbeatorinsultapersonwhosenameisMuhammad",what
istheauthenticityofthisHadith?

A : ThisHadithisMawdu`(fabricated)andfalselyattributedtotheMessengerofAllah(peace
beuponhim).IthasnobasisinthePurifiedSunnah(whateverisreportedfromtheProphet).
Thesameappliestothesaying, WhoeveriscalledMuhammadenjoystheprotectionof
MuhammadandhisnamewillbringhimclosetoParadise.Thesameappliestothosewho
say,WhoeveriscalledMuhammad,hishouseholdwillhavesuchandsuchAllthesereports
arebaseless.WhatmattersisfollowingMuhammad(peacebeuponhim),notbeingcalledby
hisname.HowmanyofthosewhoarecalledMuhammadareevil,becausetheydonotfollow
MuhammadorimplementhisShari`ah(Islamiclaw)?Namesdonotpurifypeoplewhat
purifiesthemistheirrighteousdeedsandtheirfearofAllah.SowhoeveriscalledAhmador
MuhammadorAbuAlQasimandisaKafir(disbeliever/nonMuslim)orFasiq(someone
flagrantlyviolatingIslamiclaw)willnotbenefitfromhisname.EachpersonshouldfearAllah
andstrivetoobeyHimandadheretotheShari`ahofAllahwithwhichHesentHisProphet
Muhammad.Thisiswhatwillbenefithimandthisisthewaytosalvationandsafety.Asfor
namesseparatedfrompracticeinaccordancewithShari`ah,theyhavenothingtodowith
salvationorpunishment.ItwasamistakeonthepartofAlBusirytosayinhisAlBurdahpoem:

Verily,Ihaveasecurityfrom i.e.Muhammad,andheisthe
himduetomyname mostfaithfulofmankindin
fulfillinghispromise

Hecommittedworsefatalmistakewhenhesaid:

Mostgenerousofmankind,I Exceptyouattheoccurrenceof
havenoonetotakerefugein widespreadcalamity
Ifatmyresurrection,heshould Outofkindness,thensaysureI
nottakemebymyhand amfallen
ThisworldandtheHereafter Andtheknowledgeofthe
areindeedsomeofyour PreservedTablet(Lawh)and
generosity thePenissomeofyour
knowledge

ThispoorpoetresortstotheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)insteadofAllah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe).Hementionedthat

(PartNo:6,PageNo:371)

heislostiftheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)didnothelphim,forgettingthatitisAllah
(GlorifiedbeHe)WhoisCapableofharming,benefiting,giving,withholdingandsavingHis
Awliya'(piouspeople).HeregardedtheMessenger(peacebeuponhim)asthedisposerofthe
worldlylifeandtheHereafterandthattheyaresomeofhisbounties.Hemadehim
knowledgeableofGhayb(theUnseen)andthattheknowledgeoftheLawh,andthePenare
ofhisknowledge.ThisisutterKufr(disbelief)andexaggeration.WeaskAllahtograntus
wellbeingandsafety.

Ifhediedwhileholdingthisbelief,hethendiedwithworstKufranddeviation.EveryMuslim
shouldbewareofthisexaggerationandshouldnotbedeceivedbyAlBurdahandits
composer.AllahistheonewhoissoughtforhelpandinHimwetrust.Thereisneithermight
norpowerexceptwithAllah!

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Q2:WhatistheauthenticityofthefollowingHadith:LearnSihr(sorcery),butdonotpractice
it?

A : ThisHadithisfalseandbaseless.ItisnotpermissibletolearnSihrortouseit.Itisanevil
action,Kufr(disbelief)andmisguidance.AllahclearlystatesthatSihrisforbiddeninHisBook,
whereHe(ExaltedbeHe)says:"AndtheyfollowedwhattheShaytn(devils)gaveout
(falselyofthemagic)inthelifetimeofSulaimn(Solomon).Sulaimndidnotdisbelieve,but
theShaytn(devils)disbelieved,teachingmenmagicandsuchthingsthatcamedownat
Babylontothetwoangels,HrtandMrt,butneitherofthesetwo(angels)taughtanyone
(suchthings)tilltheyhadsaid,"Weareonlyfortrial,sodisbelievenot(bylearningthismagic
fromus)."Andfromthese(angels)peoplelearnthatbywhichtheycauseseparationbetween
manandhiswife,buttheycouldnotthusharmanyoneexceptbyAllh'sLeave.Andthey
learnthatwhichharmsthemandprofitsthemnot.Andindeedtheyknewthatthebuyersofit
(magic)wouldhavenoshareintheHereafter.Andhowbadindeedwasthatforwhichthey
soldtheirownselves,iftheybutknew.Andiftheyhadbelievedandguardedthemselvesfrom
evilandkepttheirdutytoAllh,farbetterwouldhavebeentherewardfromtheirLord,if
theybutknew!"Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)pointsoutthatSihrisKufrandthatitisfromthe
teachingsofthedevils.Allahhascondemnedthemforthat,andtheyareourenemies.He
statesthatteachingSihrisKufrandthatitisharmfulandnotbeneficial,sowemustbeware
ofit.LearningSihrisallKufr,henceHestatesthatthetwoangelsdidnotteachittopeople
untiltheyhadtoldthem,Wearefortrial,sodisbelievenot(bylearningthismagicfromus).
ThenHesays: buttheycouldnotthusharmanyoneexceptbyAllhsLeave. SoitisknownthatitisKufrand
misguidanceandthatthepractitionersofSihrcannotharmanyoneexceptbyAllahsLeave.
WhatismeantisHisuniversalQadariwill(i.e.thingsthatHedecreesshouldhappeneven
thoughHemaydislikethem),notHisreligiousShar`ywill(i.e.thatwhichHeprescribesand
whichpleasesHim)becauseAllahhasnotprescribedthisandhasnotgivenpermissionforit

(PartNo:6,PageNo:372)

inHisShari`ah(Islamiclaw)ratherHehasforbiddenitandstatedthatitisKufrandisfrom
theteachingsofthedevils.Hestatesthatwhoeverbuysiti.e.learnsitwillhavenoshare
intheHereafter.Thisisaseriouswarning.ThenAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Andhowbadindeed
wasthatforwhichtheysoldtheirownselves,iftheybutknew. Thismeansthattheyhavesoldthemselvestothe
devilsforthisSihr.Then,Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says: Andiftheyhadbelieved,andguardedthemselvesfrom
evilandkepttheirdutytoAllh,farbetterwouldhavebeentherewardfromtheirLord,iftheybutknew! Thisindicatesthat
learningSihrandusingitistheoppositeoffaithandpiety.Thereisneithermightnorpower
exceptwithAllah!

www.ircpk.com

Q:WhensomeonedieshereinSudan,thefamilyofthedeceasedincludingwomenand
childrenvisitthegraveafterfortydaysandopenthegrave.Theyhaveseedsofcornwith
them,whichtheyscatteroverthedeceased.TheyalsoIthinkthrowstonesonthe
deceased.Isitpermissibleforwomentovisitgraves?

A : ThisisaBid`ah(innovationinreligion)forwhichthereisnobasisintheShari`ah(Islamic
law).Throwingseeds,perfume,andclothesintothegraveareallreprehensibleactionsfor
whichthereisnobasis.Thegraveshouldnotbeopenedunlessthereisagoodreasonfor
doingso,suchasforgettingsometoolslikeshovelsbytheworkers,soitmaybeopenedfor
thatreason,orifoneofthemhasdroppedsomethingimportant,sothegravemaybeopened
toretrieveit.Butopeningittoscatterseedsorclothesandthelikeisnotpermissible.Women
shouldnotvisitgraves,becausetheProphet(peacebeuponhim)cursedwomenwhovisit
graves.ThatwasnarratedfromAbuHurayrah,Ibn`AbbasandHassanibnThabit(mayAllahbepleasedwith
themall).Itisnotpermissibleforwomentovisitgravesbutitisprescribedformen,because
theProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: Visitthegraves,fortheyremindyouoftheHereafter. (Relatedby
MusliminhisSahih(authentic)Book).

TheunderlyingwisdominforbiddingwomenfromvisitinggravesAllahknowsbestisthat
theyareaFitnah(temptation)andtheyhavelittlepatience.

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Q4:IfaChristianasksmetogivehimaMushaf(theQur'an),shouldIgiveittohimornot?

A : Youshouldnotgiveittohim.YoushouldrecitetheEverGloriousQur'antohimandcall
himtoAllahandsupplicateAllahtoguidehim.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: Andifanyoneofthe
Mushrikn(polytheists,idolaters,pagans,disbelieversintheOnenessofAllh)seeksyourprotection,thengranthimprotectionsothat
hemayheartheWordofAllh(theQurn),andthenescorthimtowherehecanbesecure TheProphet(peacebeupon
him)said: Donottravel

(PartNo:6,PageNo:373)

withtheQur'antothelandoftheenemy,lestitshouldfalltotheirhands. ThislendssupporttothefactthattheMushafshouldnot
begiventotheKafirs(disbeliever/nonMuslim),forfearthattheymaymisuseorplaywithit.However,itispermissibletoteachthem
andrecitetheEverGloriousQur'antothemandcallthemtoacceptit.IftheyembraceIslam,youmayhandittothem.Thereis
nothingwrongwithgivingthemsomebooksofTafsir(explanation/exegesisofthemeaningsoftheQur'an),Hadith,ortranslationsof
theEverGloriousQur'an,ifthereishopethattheymaybenefitfromthem.

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Q5:WouldyoupleaseaddressusabouttherewardAllahpromisesthosewhoarepatience
anddorighteousdeedsinthisworldandintheHereafter?Whatshouldonedotodeterhis
loveoftheworldlylifeanditspleasures?

A : Indeed,AllahhascreatedmankindtoworshiphimAlonewithnopartnersbyobeyingHis
Commands,forsakingHisProhibitions,andmakingfrequentDhikr(RemembranceofAllah).
He(ExaltedbeHe)says: AndI(Allh)creatednotthejinnandmankindexceptthattheyshouldworshipMe(Alone).
WorshippingAllahmeansTawhid(beliefintheOnenessofAllah/monotheism)through
Du`a'(supplication),fear,hope,Salah(prayer),Sawm(fast),etc.besidecarryingoutHis
CommandsandavoidingHisProhibitions.TothosewhodothisAllahpromiseswellbeingand
goodendintheworldlylifeandJannah(Paradise)andhonorintheHereafter.He(Exaltedbe
He)says: Sobepatient.Surely,the(good)endisforAlMuttaqn(thepious) Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays:
butgivegladtidingstoAsSbirn(thepatient). Who,whenafflictedwithcalamity,say:"Truly!ToAllhwebelongandtruly,to
Himweshallreturn." TheyarethoseonwhomaretheSalawt(i.e.whoareblessedandwillbeforgiven)fromtheirLord,and
(theyarethosewho)receiveHisMercy,anditistheywhoaretheguidedones. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)
said: Nobodycanbegivenablessingbetterandgreaterthanpatience. Thepatientwillattainthegoodendin
thisworldandtheHereafterorwillattainthegoodendintheHereafter,iftheykeep
patientlytoTaqwa(fearingAllahasHeshouldbefeared),obeyAllah,andendureafflictions
i.e.poverty,miseryordisease.Patiencehasagoodoutcome.Withregardtobelieversand
theirenemy,Allah(ExaltedbeHe)says: ButifyouremainpatientandbecomeAlMuttaqn[thepiousSeeV.2:2],
nottheleastharmwilltheircunningdotoyou.Surely,Allhsurroundsallthattheydo.

Patiencehasgoodconsequences,ifoneexercisesitwhileobeyingAllahduringworldly
misfortuneshewhoremainssteadfasttotheCommandofAllahwillgettheblessinginthe
Hereafter.Thepatientpersonhasaclearconsciencehestrives

(PartNo:6,PageNo:374)

fortheSakeofAllahandremainspatientwithpovertyandhardshipsthatbefallhim,sohe
willattaintheblessingsofJannahintheHereafterduetohisIman(Faith/belief)andTaqwa.
Allahknowsbest.

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APieceofadvicetothoseencouragingtheshavingofbeards

F r o m`Abdul`AzizIbn`AbdullahBinBaztothehonorablebrother,theeditorinchiefofOkaznewspaper,may
Allahprotecthim!

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbeuponyou!)

ItwaspublishedinSha`ban18,1393A.H.onMujtama`unaPage[Societypage]ashortarticleentitled,
"Negligencedestroysmaritallife"inwhichthewritersays,"Amanmightneglecthislooksattheweekendby
notshavinghisbeardandsohelooksshabbyandsad."ThissayingisMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableor
disapprovedofbyIslamiclawandMuslimsofsoundintellect).ItisaninvitationtocontradicttheSunnah,
therefore,IthoughtitismydutytoadviseyouandtheMuslimstowardoffthepunishment[ofkeeping
silentwhenadviceisnecessary].

AwisemanknowsthatthebestofgenerationsisthegenerationoftheMessengerofAllah(peacebeupon
him).TheSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet,mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)didnotshavetheirbeards
followingtheexampleoftheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)andincompliancewithhis
commands.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Trimcloselythemustacheandgrowthebeard.Bedifferentfromthe
f i r eworshippers. (RelatedbyMusliminhisSahih(authentic)bookofHadith).TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeace
andBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: Trimcloselythemustacheandletthebeardgrowtobecontradictorytothe
disbelievers. (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslim).Itisalsotoavoidcontradictinghim(peacebeupon
him).ThelastgenerationsofthisUmmah(nation)willnotsucceedexceptwithwhatbroughtsuccesstothe
firstgenerations.TheblindimitationoftheenemiesofIslamandtheabandonmentoftheteachingsof
Shari`ahmademanypeopleexchangethatwhichisgoodforthatwhichisevil.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:375)

Theyalsoinviteotherstoshavetheirbeardsasinthearticlepublishedinyournewspaper.TheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)saidinanauthenticHadith, Anyonewhocallsothersto(followtheRight)Guidancewillhavea
rewardequaltotherewardofthosewhofollowhim,withouttheirrewardbeingdiminishedatallandwhoeverinvitesotherstofollow
misguidance,theirsinwillbeequivalenttothatofthepeoplewhofollowthem(insinfulness)withouttheirsinsbeingdiminishedinany
respect."

YoushouldbewareofpublishinganythingthatcontradictstheShari`ah.Rather,youshouldpublishthe
Shari`ahteachingsandguidance.Yournewspapershouldbeakeytoguidance.Ididnotknowofthisarticle
until5/1/1394A.H.andthisisthereasonformylatereply.

MayAllahguideusalltowhatpleasesHim!MayHeguideustoHisStraightPathandprotectusfromtheevil
ofourselvesandtheevilconsequencesofourdeeds.

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh

PresidentoftheIslamicUniversityinAlMadinah

www.ircpk.com

ClearAnsweronGrowing/ShavingtheBeard

From `Abdul`Azizibn`AbdullahibnBaztohisdearbrother,ShaykhM.D.`A.D.mayAllahincreasehis
knowledgeandIman(Faith),andblesshimwhereverhemaybe!Amen.

A ssalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh(MayAllah'sPeace,Mercy,andBlessingsbe
uponyou!)

Ireceivedyourpreciousletterdated13/10/1394A.H.,mayAllahguideyouandgrantyou
success!ItincludedthatyouandsomeoftheAzhariteachersdisputedtherulingongrowing,
shavingandtrimmingthebeards.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:376)

Neitherofyouwasconvincedoftheother'sopinionandyouwantadefiniteanswerconcerning
thisissue.

A : ItisauthenticallyreportedfromtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)thathe
orderedustoletourbeardsgrowintheHadithofIbn`UmarmentionedintheTwoSahih
(authentic)BooksofHadith(i.e.AlBukhariandMuslim),andintheHadithofAbuHurayrah
mentionedintheSahihBookofMuslim.OtherHadithswerereportedinotherthanthetwoSahih
BooksofHadith,allofwhichindicatetheobligationofgrowingthebeardsandtheprohibition
ofshavingortrimmingthem.Thebasicprincipleinordersisobligationandthebasicprinciple
ininhibitionisprohibition.Itisimpermissibleforanyonetointerprettextsinawayotherthan
theirapparentmeaningexceptwithauthentic,dependablesupportingevidence.Thereisno
supportingevidenceforthosewhointerpretthoseHadithsinawayotherthantheirapparent
meaningandclaimthattheydonotindicatetheobligationofgrowingthebeardorprohibition
ofshavingit.

ItwasrelatedbyAlTirmidhyontheauthorityofAbuHurayrah(mayAllahbepleasedwith
him) thattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)usedtoshavesomehairsfromthelengthandwidthofhisbeard. ThisHadithis
falseaccordingtoscholars,sinceitsIsnad(chainofnarration)includes`UmaribnHarunAlBalkhy,
whoisconsideredaliaraccordingtomostofthegreatscholarsofHadithasmentionedbyAl
HafizhIbnHajarinhisbooks"TahdhibAlTahdhib"and"TaqribAlTahdhib".Thiswasalso
mentionedbyAlDhahabyin"AlMizan."

Ourbrother,thegreatscholar,Shaykh`AbdulRahmanibnQasimAl`Asimy(mayAllahbemercifulwith
him),wroteabookaboutthisissue,attachedaretwocopiesthereof.Ihopethatthisbook
andwhatwementionedareenoughtoansweryourquestion.MayAllahgrantyou,usandall
ourbrotherscomprehensionofHisReligion,helpussticktoit,andprotectusallfrom
misleadingFitnahs(temptation)!HeisAllHearer,EverNear.

Assalamu`alaykumwarahmatullahwabarakatuh

PresidentoftheIslamicUniversityinAlMadinahAlMunawwarah

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:377)

Fairtreatmentofone'schildren

TheHadithstates: FearAllahandbefairtoyourchildren, isabsoluteequalityintendedorthatthe


malehastwicetheshareofthefemaleasitisthecasewithinheritance?AsfarasIknow,the
wordingoftheHadithis,"Didyougivetoallofthemlikethat?"Thephrase"likethat,"ifIam
correct,indicatesabsoluteequality,unlessitismeantformalesonly.Pleaseguideus.May
Allahblessyou!

A : ThisHadithisauthenticallyreportedbyAlBukhariandMuslimfromAlNu`manibnBashir
(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)that hisfathergavehimaboyservantasagiftbuthismothersaid,"Iwouldnot
acceptthatuntiltheProphetacceptsit."So,BashiribnSa`dwenttotheProphet(peacebeuponhim)andtoldhimwhathewasupto
do.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)askedhim,"Didyougivetoallyourchildrenlikethat?"AlNu`mansaid,"No."TheMessenger
thussaid,"FearAllahandbejusttoyourchildren."

TheaboveHadithindicatesthataparentshouldnotfavorsomeofhischildrentoothersas
regardsgiftsorprivilegesomeofthemwithagifttotheexclusionofotherstheyareallhis
children.Aparentshouldactinawaythatguaranteesthatallhischildrenwillbedutifulto
himinthefuture.Earlyscholars(mayAllahbemercifultothem)differedononepoint:should
aparentgivegiftstohischildrenonanequalbasiswithnodistinctionbetweenmalesand
females,orshouldtheygivethemgiftsonthebasisoflegalinheritanceschemeofdistribution
i.e.givingthemaletwicetheshareofthefemale?Scholarshavetwoopinionsthe
preponderantviewisthatthegiftshouldbelikeinheritance.Justiceistomakethemale's
sharetwicethefemale's,thisiswhatAllah(ExaltedbeHe)prescribedininheritanceandAllah
istheJudgeandtheJust.So,aparentshouldgivegiftstotheirchildrenonthesamebasisas
whentheyinheritthemamalereceivestwicetheshareofafemale.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:378)

Prohibitionofusingutensilsmadeofgoldandsilver

Q:Thisletterissentby`AbdulRahmanfromRiyadhinwhichhesays:Nowadays,theuseof
goldandsilverutensilshasbecomewidespread,especiallyamongpeoplewhoarewelloff.
Thematterhasgonesofarthatsomeofthemevenbuysetsofsanitaryequipmentsuchas
bathroomtapsandfixturesallmadeofpuregold,andtheydonotpayZakah(obligatory
charity)onthisgoldorpayanyattentiontoitsvalue.Itisknownthatthisisforbidden.What
istheviewofYourEminenceonthismatter?Isitpossibletoforbidthesaleofsuchthingsto
Muslimswhoareunawareoftheruling?MayAllahblessyou!

A : Utensilsthataremadeofgoldandsilverareforbiddenaccordingtothereligioustextsand
theIjma'(consensus)ofscholars.ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheMessengerofAllah
(peacebeuponhim)said, Donotdrinkinsilverorgoldenvessels,anddonoteatinplatesofsuchmetals,forsuchthings
areforthem(disbelievers)inthisworldlylifeandforyouintheHereafter. (AgreeduponbyAlBukhariand
MuslimfromtheHadithnarratedontheauthorityofHudhayfah(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)).
He(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid, WhoeverdrinksingoldandsilverutensilsisonlyfillinghisabdomenwithHellfire.
(AgreeduponbyAlBukhariandMuslimfromtheHadithnarratedontheauthorityofUmSalamah
(mayAllahbepleasedwithher).ThisisthewordingofMuslim).

Itisnotpermissibletousegoldandsilverasutensils,whetherforeatingordrinking.The
sameappliestothingsusedforWudu'(ablution)andGhusl(ritualbathfollowingmajorritual
impurity).AllthatisHaram(prohibited)accordingtotheHadithoftheMessengerofAllah
(peacebeuponhim).

ThesethingsshouldnotbesoldsothatMuslimswillnotusethem.Allah(ExaltedbeHe)has
forbiddenustousethemsotheyshouldnotbeusedfordrinking,eating,oranyotherpurpose.
Itisnotpermissibletousethemasspoons,coffeecupsorteacupsallofthatisforbidden,
becausethesearekindsofutensils.

So,aMuslimshouldavoidthatwhichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)hasforbiddenandkeepawayfrom
extravaganceandwastingwealth.Ifhehasamplewealth,thentherearepoorpeopleto
whomhecangivecharityandthereareMujahids(personsfightingintheCauseofAllah)to
whomhecandonate.Heshouldgiveincharity,notfoolaboutwithhiswealth.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:379)

Moneyhaslegalwaystobespentandthereareneedypeoplewhoareentitledtoreceiveit
[incharity].So,abelievermustdisposeofhiswealthincharitableways,suchasgivingtothe
poorandneedy,inbuildingandmaintainingMasjids(Mosques)andschools,repairingroads
andbridges,helpingtheMujahidsandpoormigrants,andotherways,suchaspayingoffthe
debtsofpoorpeople,andhelpingthosewhocannotaffordtogetmarriedtodoso.Theseare
allgoodthingsonwhichweareencouragedtospend.

Asforwastingwealthbybuyingutensils,spoons,cups,orbathroomfixturesofgoldandsilver
andthelike,allofthatisMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclaw
andMuslimsofsoundintellect)andweshouldavoidthatandwarnothersagainstit.Whoever
hasapositionofresponsibilityincountrieswheresuchthingsaredone,suchasscholarsand
rulers,shoulddenouncethatandpreventtheextravagantfromindulginginsuchthings.And
AllahistheOneWhoseHelpissought.

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Therulingonwatchingpornographicmoviesandusingphotographicequipmentafter
repentance

Q1:AmanrepentedtoAllah(ExaltedbeHe)butstillhasavideosetandsomeeroticmovies
isheallowedtosellthem?Ifheisnotallowedtodoso,whatshouldhedowiththem?Canhe
recordKhutbahs(sermons)onthemandusefulprogramsandscenes?

A 1 : Yes,heisallowedtorecordonthemanythingthatisusefulandremovetheirmalicious
contents.However,heisnotallowedtosellthemwhiletheycontainthesemaliciousthingsas
thatwouldbeconsideredcooperationondoingsinandtransgression.

Q2:Amanhadastudioinwhichtherewasphotographicequipmentandheknewthat
photographyisunlawful,sohowcanhedisposeoftheminawaythatmakeshimavoidloss?If
hesellsthemtoaMuslim,wouldthatnotbeconsideredhelpingtospreaddisobedience?What
istherulingongainingmoneyfromphotography?Cansuchmoneybespentonone'sselfand
family?

(PartNo:6,PageNo:380)

A 2 : Thismatterhasvariousdetails:studiosphotographwhatisallowedandwhatis
prohibited.Thingsthathavenospiritsuchascars,planes,mountains,andsoon,arenot
prohibitedtobephotographedorsoldaspeopleneedthem.However,photographinghuman
beings,animalsandbirdsisnotallowedexceptwhennecessary,asinthecaseofidentity
cards,passports,andcertificatesthatcannotbeissuedwithoutphotographs.Thesame
appliestotakingphotosofcriminalsforrecognitionandcautionfromtheirharmandthelike
whennecessary,asAllah(ExaltedbeHe)saysinHisGloriousBook, whileHehasexplainedtoyouin
detailwhatisforbiddentoyou,exceptundercompulsionofnecessity Toconclude,onlylawfulthingsmaybeused
andsoldtopeopleitdoesnotmatterhowpeopleuseitafterwards.Itwillbethe
responsibilityofthebuyertousethesolditemforgoodorevilpurposes.Forexample,swords,
knivesandthelikecanbeusedforgoodandevilpurposestheliabilitywillfallonwhoever
usesthemforevilpurposes.However,ifthesellerofknives,swords,orthelike,knowsfor
surethatthebuyerwouldusethemforevilpurposes,itwillbecomeunlawfultosellsuch
itemstothem.

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Q3:Thereisamanwhoisapartnerwithanotherinashopsellingcameras.Hehasrepented,
sohowcanheendhispartnershipinawaythatsaveshimfromloss?Whatistherulingonthe
moneyheearnsfromthisshop?

A : Heshouldendthepartnershipbyevaluatingtheworthofthecontentsoftheshopand
makeadealwithhispartner.Whateverhereceivesfromthisdealispermissibleforhim
unlessitincludespicturesofanimatebeingsoranyotherHaram(prohibited)images,inwhich
caseitisnotpermissibleforhimtokeepthatmoneyratherheshouldgiveitincharity.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:381)

ReconciliationbetweenthetwoHadithon

Ruqyah,amulets,andlovecharms

Q:Ontheauthorityof`AbdullahibnMas`ud(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thatheheard
theMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)say, (Illegal)Ruqyah(sayingsomewordsoverthesickseeking
healing),amulets,andlovecharmsareShirk(associatingothersinworshipwithAllah). Itisalsonarratedonthe
authorityofJabir(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)whosaid, Mymaternaluncleusedtotreatthestingofa
scorpionwithRuqyah.TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)laterforbadetheuseofRuqyah(fortreatment).Myunclethen
wenttohimandsaid,"OMessengerofAllah,youforbadetopracticeRuqyah,whereasIemployitforcuringthestingofscorpions."
TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)replied,"Whoeveramongstyouisabletobenefithisbrothershoulddoso." Howcanwe
reconcilebetweentheHadithdenotingpermissibilityandtheotherdenotingimpermissibility
ofRuqyah?WhatistherulingonwearinganamuletwhichcontainsAyahs(verses)ofthe
Qur'an?Aquestionsubmittedby`A.S.F.fromRiyadh.

A : TheprohibitedRuqyahsarethosewhichcontainShirk,Tawassul(supplicating)toanything
besideAllah,orusingspells.IftheRuqyahisfreefromthesethings,itwillbepermissibleand
willgreatlyhelpforrecovery.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, ThereisnoharmintheRuqyah
whichdoesnotcontainShirk. and "Whoeveramongstyouisabletobenefithisbrothershoulddoso." (RelatedbyMuslimin
hisSahih(authentic)bookofHadith).TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid, Ruqyahisgreatly
recommendedfortreatingtheevileyeandascorpionsting. ThemeaningofthisHadithisthatitismore
worthytopracticeRuqyahwhenafflictedwiththosetwothings.TheProphet(peacebeupon
him)recitedRuqyahoverhimselfandoverotherpeople.

However,itisnotpermissibleforpatientsorchildrentowearamulets.Theseprohibited
Ruqyahsarecalledamulets,Hirz(protectiveamulet),orJawami`.Allthesekindsofamulets
areprohibitedandareconsideredaformofShirk.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, If
anyonewearsanamulet,Allahwillnotfulfillit(i.e.whattheywant)forthem,andifanyonewearsacowrieshell,Allahwillnot
protectthem. , WhoeverwearsanamuletcommitsanactofShirk. and (Illegal)Ruqyah,amulets,andlovecharmsare(types
of)Shirk.

Scholarshelddifferentviewswithregardtothepermissibilityorimpermissibilityofamulets
thatcontainAyahsfromtheQur'anorpermissibleDu`a'(supplications).Thepreponderant
opinionisthattheyareimpermissiblefortworeasons:

(PartNo:6,PageNo:382)

First:thegeneralmeaningofthepreviouslymentionedHadithastheyincludeallamulets
whethertheycontainversesoftheQur'anornot.Second:Blockingthemeansthatleadto
Shirk.IftheamuletsthatcontainversesfromtheQur'anarepermitted,theywouldbemixed
withothersandthiswouldleadtousingotheramulets.Itisknownthatblockingthemeans
leadingtosinsandShirkisoneofthegreatrulesofShari`ah.

MayAllahgrantussuccess!

www.ircpk.com

Differentquestionsabouttherulingoncustomary/pridefulpracticeofIsbal

Q:WhatistherulingonIsbal(lengtheningandtrailingclothingbelowtheankles)outofpride
orforotherreasons?WhatistherulingonIsbal,ifoneisforcedtodoitbecauseofthefamily
whenyoungorbecauseoftheprevailingcustoms?

A : TherulingisthatitisHaram(prohibited)formen,becausetheProphet(peacebeupon
him)said: ThepartofanIzar(garmentwornbelowthewaist)whichtrailsbelowtheanklesisintheFire. (RelatedbyAl
BukhariinhisSahih(authentic)BookofHadith).Also,MuslimrelatedinhisSahihontheauthorityof
AbuDharr(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)whonarratedthattheMessengerofAllah(peacebe
uponhim)said: ThreepersonswhomAllahshallneitherspeakto,norlookat,norpurifyontheDayofResurrection,andthey
shallhaveapainfultorment:hewholetshisIzartrailbelowhisankles,whoeverreminds(thepeople)ofwhattheygive,andwhoever
sellstheirmerchandisebyfalseswearing.

ThesetwoHadithsandwhatissimilartotheminmeaningareapplicabletowhoeverletstheir
Izartrailbelowtheiranklesoutofprideorforanyotherreason,becausetheProphet(peace
beuponhim)didnotspecifyanyreasoninthequotedHadith.IfIsbalismadeoutofpride,the
sinwouldbeworseandthethreatofpunishmentwouldbeseverer,becausetheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said: AllahwillnotlookontheDayofResurrectionathimwhotrailshisgarmentoutofpride. Itis
notpermissibletothinkthatIsbalisHaramonlywhenitisdoneoutofpride,becausethe
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)didnotrestricttheprohibitionto

(PartNo:6,PageNo:383)

thisreasonintheabovequotedHadithandalsodidnotspecifyanyotherreasoninthe
followingHadithwhenhesaidtosomeofhisSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet): AvoidIsbal,
foritisasignofpride. He(peacebeuponhim),thus,statedthatIsbalisasignofpride,becauseit
isalmostdoneforthat.WhoeverdoesIsbal,notoutofpride,hasinfactcommittedanact
whichisameanstopride,becausethemeanshavethesamerulingofobjectives.Also,Isbal
denotesextravaganceandsubjectsclothestodirt.Itisauthenticallyreportedfrom`Umar(may
Allahbepleasedwithhim)thatwhenhesawayoungmanwhosegarmentwastouchingthe
ground,hesaid,"Liftupyourgarment,forthis(act)ismoreobedienttoyourLordandcleaner
foryourgarment."

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidtoAbuBakrAlSiddiq(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)when
thelattersaid: OMessengerofAllah,myIzarslipsdownunlessIholdit.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said:Youarenot
ofthosewhodoitoutofpride. TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)meansthattheonewhoholdshis
garmentwhenitslipsdownisnotregardedasapersonwhomakesIsbaloutofpride,because
thisisdoneunintentionallyandhetriestopreventthisbyholdingitwheneveritslipsdown.
Definitely,suchapersonisexcused.Ontheotherhand,ifapersonintendstomakeIsbal,
whetherofBisht(cloak),trousers,orshirts,heisincludedinthethreatandhasnoexcusefor
doingso.ThisisbecausetheSahihHadithsontheprohibitionofIsbalareapplicabletohim,
whetherbytheirwordingsormeanings.Accordingly,allMuslimsmustbewareofIsbal,fear
Allah,andtakecarenottolowertheirgarmentsbelowtheirankles,toactinaccordanceto
theseSahihHadithsandbecautiousofAllah'sAngerandPunishment.AllahistheOneWho
grantssuccess!

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Rulingonwhoeverlowershisgarmentandlengthenshistrousers

Q:Somepeoplelowertheirgarmentstobeabovetheanklebuttheirtrousersremainlong.
Whatistherulingonthis?

A : Isbal(lengtheningandtrailingclothsbelowtheankles)isunlawfulandunacceptable(in
religion)whetherthisisinshirts,garments,trousers,orAlBisht(Awoolenrobewornby
Bedouins).Isbalmeanslengtheningandtrailingclothsbelowtheankles.Thisisbecausethe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)said: ThepartofagarmentwhichhangsbelowtheanklesisintheFire. (Narrated
byAlBukhari)

TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)alsosaid: ThreepersonswhomAllahshallneitherspeaktoontheDayof
Resurrection,norlookat,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:384)

norpurify,andtheyshallhaveapainfultorment:hewholetshisIzar(lowergarment)hangbelowhisheels(outofpride),hewho
reminds(thepeople)ofwhathegives,andhewhosellshismerchandisebyfalseswearing. (NarratedbyMusliminhisSahih).The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)saidtosomeofhisCompanions: Bewareoftrailingthelowergarment,foritisconceit. TheseHadiths
indicatethatIsbal(lengtheningandtrailingclothsbelowtheankles)isoneofthemajorsinsevenifthepersondoingsoclaimsthathe
doesnotintendtoshowconceitatall.Asforthepersonwhowantstoshowconceitbydoingso,hissinisworse,astheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said: AllahwillnotlookontheDayofJudgmentathimwhodragshisrobe(behindhim)outofpride. Thisis
becausesuchapersoncommittedbothIsbal(lengtheningandtrailingclothsbelowtheankles)andarrogance.WeimploreAllahto
grantussafetyfromthis.

AsforwhattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)saidtoAbuBakrwhenhesaidtohim(peacebeuponhim): OMessengerofAllah,my
IzarslipsdownunlessIholdit.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said:"Youarenotofthosewhodoitoutofpride," ThisHadithdoes
notindicatethatIsbalispermissiblefortheonewhodoesnotintendtoshowconceit.ItindicatesthatthepersonwhoseIzarslips
downwithoutintendingtoshowconceitandthepersonwhoholdsitjusttobeonthesafeside,isguiltless.Somepeoplelowerthe
trousersundertheankle,andthisisnotpermissible.TheSunnahoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim)isthatshirts,andsoon,should
behalfwaybetweentheshinandtheanklesaccordingtoallHadiths.

MayAllahgrantussuccess!

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Payingabribetoofficials

Q:AquestionerfromBiljirshy,KingdomofSaudiArabia,says,''Isitpermissibleformetopay
abribetoanofficialfromamongthosewhojudgeincases,suchasjudges,headsof
committeesandthosewhomakesurveysoflands,takingintoaccountthatIcanonlytakemy
rightthroughpayingabribe?IfIrefusetopay,IwilllosemyrightandifIpay,Iwillobtain
myrightwithoutencroachingupontherightofanyotherperson.Isthispermissible?What
abouttheHadithoftheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)inwhichhesaid: Allahhas
cursedthebriber,thebribed,andthemediatorbetweenthem.

A : Itisimpermissibletopayabribetoanyofficialwhethertheyarejudges,rulers,or
committeesjudgingbetweenpeople.Thereisnodoubtthatthisisunlawfulanditisoneof
themajorsinsaccordingtotheHadithmentionedaboveandbecausethisisameansto
injusticeandlossoftherightoftheonewhodoesnotpayit.

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:385)

TheGreenMan

Q:Faithfully,IbelievethatthereisnoGodbutAllahalone.Iheardsomepeoplesayingthat
thereisamanwhosecoloranddressarepurelywhite.Therewerenosignsoftravelonhim.
ThismaniscalledAlRajulAlAkhdari.e.thegreenman.Ifsuchamangivesyousomething,
yourmoneywillbeblessed.Ifheentersastore,itsearningswillincrease.Pleaseguideus.
ArethesemattersbelievableorjustBid'ahs(Innovationinreligion)?

A : Thisisafalsebaselessclaim.Suchamandoesnotexist.Somepeopleclaimthatsucha
manisAlKhadir.Yet,thisisnotsound,becauseAlKhadiralreadydiedbeforethemissionof
theProphet(peacebeuponhim)accordingtothemostappropriateviewheldbyscholars.The
superstitionyouhavementionedisinspiredbySatanandisbaseless.Youshouldbeawareof
thatandshouldnotbetemptedbytheclaimsofcharlatans.

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Amanoffersasacrificialanimalonbehalfofhisfatherandgrandfathereveryyear

Q:Ihaveacousinwhoslaughtersananimalonbehalfofhisfatherandgrandfatherevery
year.Iadvisedhimmanyatimebuthesaidthatheinquiredaboutthisissueandknewthat
thereisnosinindoingso.Please,advise.Iswhathesayscorrectornot?

A : Ifsuchapersonslaughtersananimalthroughoutthefourdaysof`EidulAdha(the
FestivaloftheSacrifice)onbehalfofhisfatherorgrandfatherwiththeintentiontooffer
sacrifice,thenthereisnoharmindoingso.Ifheslaughtersananimalatanytimeintendingto
givecharitytothepoorontheirbehalf,thenthereisnoharmindoingsobecausecharity
benefitsboththedeadandtheliving,whetheritismeatorsomethingelselikemoneyor
food.Allthesebenefitthedeadandtheliving.ItisauthenticallynarratedfromAllah's
Messenger(peacebeuponhim)thathe wasaskedwhetherawomanwhosesongivescharitiesonbehalfofher
afterherdeathwillreceiveareward.Heansweredintheaffirmative. ItisnarratedinSahihMuslim(mayAllahbe
mercifulwithhim)thattheProphet(peacebeupon)said: Whenamandies,hisactscometoanendbut
three:arecurringcharity,orknowledge(bywhichpeople)benefit,orapiousson,whopraysforhim(i.e.forthedeceased).

Inconclusion,givingSadaqahonbehalfofthedeceasedisbeneficialtohimorheraccording
totheconsensusofMuslimscholars.ThesameappliestosupplicatingAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
forhim.Thus,suchapersoncanslaughterananimalonbehalfofhisfather,grandfather,or
anyotherperson,whetherintendingtoofferitascharityorasasacrificetobeslaughtered
throughoutthefourdaysof`EidulAdha(theFestivaloftheSacrifice)todrawthemnearerto
Allah(mayHebePraisedandGlorified).However,itisnotallowed

(PartNo:6,PageNo:386)

forhimtoappointforsuchasacrificeafixeddayormonthotherthanthefourdaysof`Eidul
Adha(theFestivaloftheSacrifice),exceptwhenfocusingonthehonoredtimeslikeRamadan
andthefirstninedaysofDhulHijjah.Thereisnoharmindoingso.Thereisarewardforthe
deadaswellasthepersonofferingthesacrificeaccordingtothedegreeofhissincerityto
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)andthelawfulnessofhisearnings.Onthecontrary,ifsuchaperson
doessointendingtodrawnearertothedeadasdonebythosesacrificingforthedead,the
sun,themoon,orJinn,thenthisisanactofmajorShirk(associatingothersinworshipwith
Allah),becauseitisnotpermissibleforanyonetodrawneartoanypersonthrough
slaughtering,vowing,oranyotheractofworshipexclusivelyconfinedtoAllah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe).Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)says: Say(OMuhammad):"Verily,
mySalt(prayer),mysacrifice,myliving,andmydyingareforAllh,theLordoftheAlamn(mankind,jinnandallthatexists). "He
Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbe
hasnopartner.AndofthisIhavebeencommanded,andIamthefirstoftheMuslims."
He)alsosays: Verily,Wehavegrantedyou(OMuhammad)AlKauthar(ariverinParadise). Therefore
turninprayertoyourLordandsacrifice(toHimonly). TheProphet(Peacebeuponhim)alsosays: Allahhas
cursedtheonewhoslaughters(asacrifice)tootherthanAllah NarratedbyMusliminhisSahih.Thus,
slaughteringfortheJinn,thedead,orothercreatures,suchasidols,planets,andthelike,
whethertheslaughtererhopesfortheirintercession,believesthattheybenefitorsavehim
fromillness,orthelikeislegallyunacceptableandShirk(associatingothersinworshipwith
Allah).Theonewhoslaughtersonbehalfofone'sfatherorgrandfatherbelievingthatthey
canbenefithim,cureanillrelative,ordrawoneneartoAllahislikeapersonwhoslaughters
forthesun,themoon,orthestars.AllsuchactsareShirk.WeimploreAllahtograntus
safety.

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Afatherinvokingcurseuponhisson

Q:Amanhasthreesonswhoareobedienttohim,butheinvokescursesuponthem.Canthis
harmthem?

A : Itisimpermissibleforapersontoinvokecursesuponhischildren.Rather,heshould
bewareofsuchthings,becausethiscanbeatatimewheninvokingcurseisanswered.A
fathershouldnotinvokecursesuponhischildren.Ifthechildrenarerighteous,thiswillmake
itevenworseandimpermissibletoinvokecursesuponthem.Howeverneglectfultheymight
be,afathershouldnotinvokecursesuponthem.HeshouldsupplicateAllah(ExaltedbeHe)to
grantthemguidance,righteousness,andsuccess.Thisiswhatthebelievershoulddo.The
narrationsreportedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)warnedMuslimsagainstinvoking
cursesuponchildren,family,orpropertylestthisshouldcorrespondwithatimewheninvoking
cursesisanswered.Thus,apersonmayharmhimself,hisfamily,orchildren.Dear

(PartNo:6,PageNo:387)

inquirer,youshouldholdyourtongueandadviseanyonedoingsotocontrolhistongue,fear
Allah,andabstainfrominvokingcursesuponone'schildrenoruponanyotherMuslim.He
shouldsupplicateAllahtograntthemgood,success,andrighteousness.

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WhatisthereligiousrulingontheonewhocursesthereligionortheLord?

Q:WhatistherulingoncursingthereligionortheLord.MayAllah,theLordoftheworlds,
forgive!Isthepersonwhocursesthereligionconsideredadisbelieverorarenegade?Whatis
thelegalpunishmentaccordingtotheIslamiclaw?Iwouldliketoknowclearlythereligious
rulinginthisissue.Thisphenomenoniswidespreadamongsomepeopleinourcountries.
Pleaseadvise.MayAllahrewardyou!

A : Cursingthereligionisoneofthemostgrievoussinsandthegreatestevils.Thesame
appliestorevilingtheLord(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe).Thesearetwoofthegravestthings
thatnullifyIslamandaremeansofapostatizingfromIslam.IftheonewhorevilestheLord
(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)orrevilestheReligionisaMuslim,thenhebecomesanapostate
fromIslamandadisbeliever.Heshouldbeaskedtorepent.Heshouldrepentotherwisehe
shouldbeexecutedontheordersoftheauthoritiesviatheShar`icourt.Somescholarssaid
thatheshouldnotbeaskedtorepentbutshouldbeexecutedbecausehiscrimeissogreat.
However,themorecorrectviewisthatheshouldbeaskedtorepentsothatAllah(Exaltedbe
He)mayblesshimwithguidanceandhecomesbacktothetruth.Heshouldbepunishedby
floggingandimprisonmentsothathewillnotreturntosuchagreatcrime.Similarly,ifhe
revilestheQur'an,theMessenger(peacebeuponhim),oranyotherProphet,heshouldbe
askedtorepent.Ifherepents(allwellandgood)otherwiseheshouldbeexecuted.Reviling
Religion,revilingtheMessenger(peacebeuponhim),andrevilingtheLord(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)areallthingsthatnullifyIslam.ThesameappliestomockingatAllah(Exalted
beHe)andHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim),orParadiseorHell,orthecommandsofAllah
suchasprayerandzakah.MakingfunofanyofthesethingsnullifiesIslam.Allah(Exaltedbe
He)says: Say:"WasitatAllh(),andHisAyt(proofs,evidence,verses,lessons,signs,revelations)andHisMessenger(
)thatyouweremocking?" Makenoexcuseyoudisbelievedafteryouhadbelieved. WeimploreAllah
tograntussafety.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:388)

Isitlawfultoplaycards

whenthewinnerreceivesatwohundredRiyalprize

Q:Weoftenplaycardswithrichpeopleandgivethewinneranamountofmoneyisthisgame
unlawful?Isitconsideredgambling?

A : Thegame,asdescribed,isunlawfulandconsideredakindofgambling,whichAllah(ExaltedbeHe)
mentionedinHisSaying, Oyouwhobelieve!Intoxicants(allkindsofalcoholicdrinks),andgambling,andAlAnsb,andAl
Azlm(arrowsforseekingluckordecision)areanabominationofShaitans(Satan)handiwork.Soavoid(strictlyall)that
(abomination)inorderthatyoumaybesuccessful. Shaitn(Satan)wantsonlytoexciteenmityandhatredbetweenyouwith
intoxicants(alcoholicdrinks)andgambling,andhinderyoufromtheremembranceofAllhandfromAsSalt(theprayer).So,will
younotthenabstain?

So,MuslimshavetofearAllah(ExaltedbeHe)andavoidthisgameandotherkindsofgamblinginorderto
besuccessfulandtobeonthesafeside,asthisgameresultsinmanyevilsasmentionedinthetwoverses.

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:389)

Therulingonlisteningtotheradioandthelike

Q:Whatistherulingonlisteningtotheradioandthelikeincasewhatyoulistentoorwatch
isnotunlawful?Aquestionpostedby`A.`A.A.fromAlQasim.

A : ItispermissibletolistentoorrecordtheGloriousQur'an,usefultalksandimportantnews
broadcastedontheradio.

IrespectivelyadviseyoutopayagreatdealofattentiontolisteningtotheGloriousQuran
channelandNur`AlaAlDarbprogramastheyhavegreatbenefits.

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Rulingonlisteningtobeneficialprogramswithmusicalinterventions

Q:Whatistherulingonlisteningtobeneficialprograms,suchasthenewsandothersuch
programs,whichplaymusicintheintervals?AquestionfromRiyadh.

A : Thereisnoprobleminlisteningtoandbenefitingfromthem,butswitchofftheradiowhen
themusicstartsuntilitends,asmusicisoneoftheinstrumentsofdistraction.MayAllahhelp
ustoabandonitandguardusagainstitsevil.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:390)

WatchingTVprograms

Q:IslisteningtosongsontheradioandwatchingthemontheTVHaram(prohibited)inIslam,
ifitisdonesometimesatnightorinthedaytime?Pleaseadviseus.

A : Yes,listeningtosongsandmusicalinstrumentsisHaraminIslam,asAllah(Glorifiedand
ExaltedbeHe)says: Andofmankindishewhopurchasesidletalks(i.e.music,singing,etc.)tomislead(men)fromthePath
ofAllhwithoutknowledge Mostofthescholarsareoftheopinionthat'idletalk'referstosingingand
theyaddtothatthesoundsofmusicalinstruments,suchasmandolins,lutes,violins,andthe
like.ThisisbecausetheyallmisleadfromthePathofAllah,hardenthehearts,anddistract
peoplefromlisteningtotheGloriousQuran.Allah(GlorifiedandExaltedbeHe)toldusthat
thisleadstoDalalah(deviationfromwhatisright)andmisguidanceofothers,andisacause
ofspreadingprideandturningpeopleawayfromlisteningtotheQuran.Iftheheartbecomes
usedtolisteningtomusicandwatchingsingersitwillhardenandwillbebarredawayfromAl
Haqq(theTruth),exceptthosewhomAllahprotected.Italsodistractsfromobedienceto
AllahandHisMessengerandfromlisteningtotheQuranandusefulspeeches.AbdullahibnMasud
(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)said,"Singinggrowstheseedsofhypocrisyintheheartas
watergrowsthecrops."TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Verily,amongmyUmmah(nationbased
ononecreed)therewillbepeoplewhowilldeemaslawful:Zina(premaritalsexualintercourseand/oradultery),silk,Khamr
(intoxicants)andmusicalinstruments. (RelatedbyAlBukhariinhis"Sahih[BookofAuthenticHadith]as
HadithMuallaq[aHadithmissinglinkinthechainofnarration,reporteddirectlyfromthe
Prophet])andheconfirmedit.TheaboveHadithinformsusthatattheendoftimetherewill
bepeoplewhowilldeemmusicalinstrumentsandsongsaslawful,althoughtheyareHaram.
AllahistheOnewhoseHelpissought!

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:391)

ThedifferencebetweentheKhamr(intoxicant)ofthisworldandtheKhamroftheHereafter

Q:WeallknowthatKhamrisforbiddeninthislife,becauseitcausesintoxicationandcovers
reason.Therefore,itisoneoftheevilsofSatan.ItisalsoasourceofallevilastheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said.Thequestionis:YourEminence,whyisKhamrHaram(prohibited)in
theworldandHalal(lawful)intheHereafter?

A : TheKhamroftheHereafterisgoodandfreefromintoxicationorharm.AsfortheKhamrof
theworld,itcontainsintoxicationandcausesharmi.e.theKhamroftheHereafterdoesnot
containanykindofharm.Thus,thosewhodrinkitwillnotsufferintoxication.Italsodoesnot
containanythingthatpreventsreasoningorcausesharmtobodies.AsfortheKhamrofthe
world,itcausesharmtothereasonandbody.AlldisadvantagescontainedintheKhamrofthe
worldarenotexistentintheKhamroftheHereafter.MayAllahgrantussuccess!

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RulingontellingjokesinIslam

Q:WhatistherulingonjokinginIslam?Doesitcomeundertheidlespeech,knowingthatitis
notmakingfunofthereligion?Pleaseadviseus,mayAllahrewardyou!

A : Thereisnothingwrongwithhumoroustalkandjoking,ifitistruthful,especiallyifitisnot
doneagreatdeal.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)usedtojokebutheneversaidanything
butthetruth.However,ifitinvolvestellinglies,thenitisnotpermissible,becausethe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)said: Woetotheonewhospeaksandliesinordertomakepeoplelaughwoetohim,
woetohim. (RelatedbyAbuDawud,AlTirmidhy,andAlNasaywithagoodSanad(chainof
narrators).

MayAllahgrantussuccess!

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:392)

Preferenceamongneighbors

Q:DoesrelativeneighborhavemorerightthanacloseMuslimneighbor,whoisnotarelative?
DomynativeswholivefarawayhavepreferenceoverMuslimswholiveinthesame
neighborhood?

A:Preferenceisestablisheduponthreebases:relativity,Islamandneighboring.

Aneighbormayhavethreerights,whenheisarelativeMuslimneighborhehastherightof
Islam,neighboring,andrelativity.

AneighbormayhavetworightswhenheisaMuslimneighbororanonMuslimrelativethe
formerhastherightofIslamandneighboringandthelatterhastherightofneighboringand
relativity.

AneighbormayhaveonerightwhenheisnonMuslimneighbor,whohastherightof
neighboringonly.

MayAllahgrantussuccess!

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AKafircannotbeabrotherofaMuslim

Q:AChristianmanliveswithme.Hecallsme"brother"andclaimsthatwearebrothers.We
eatanddrinktogether.Isthispermissibleornot?

A : AKafir(nonMuslim)cannotbethebrotherofaMuslim.Allah(GlorifiedbeHe)says, Thebelieversare
nothingelsethanbrothers(inIslmicreligion). TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, AMuslimisthebrotherofafellow
Muslim. Kafirs,whethertheyareJewish,Christians,idolworshippers,

(PartNo:6,PageNo:393)

Magi,communistsorotherscannotbefellowbrothersoftheMuslims.Itisimpermissibletoconsiderthem
friends.However,thereisnoharmineatingwiththematsometimes,whetherinapublicfeastoran
invitation.Asfortakingthemasfellowsandeatingwiththemonaregularbasis,thisisimpermissible.Allah
preventedMuslimstoallythemselveswithKafirsorlovethem.He(GlorifiedbeHe)saysinHisGlorious
Book, IndeedtherehasbeenanexcellentexampleforyouinIbrhm(Abraham)andthosewithhim,whentheysaidtotheir
people:"Verily,wearefreefromyouandwhateveryouworshipbesidesAllh:wehaverejectedyou,andtherehasstartedbetween
usandyouhostilityandhatredforeveruntilyoubelieveinAllhAlone" He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays, You(OMuhammad
)willnotfindanypeoplewhobelieveinAllhandtheLastDay,makingfriendshipwiththosewhoopposeAllh
andHisMessenger(Muhammad),eventhoughtheyweretheirfathersortheirsonsortheirbrothersortheir
kindred(people).

AMuslimshouldsevertieswithMushriks(thosewhoassociateotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)
andhatethemforAllah,butshouldnothurtorattackthemunjustlyiftheyarenotwarriors.However,they
shouldnotconsiderthemfriends.Theycanjusteatwiththemcausallywithoutsharinganyfeelingsof
supportorkindnesstowardsthem.

AMuslimshouldtreatnonwarriorKafirsaccordingtotheIslamicmanners,fulfillingthetrusttothem,and
abstainingfromcheating,treasuryandlying.Ifadisputeoccursbetweenthem,theyshouldarguewiththem
inamildwayandtreatthemfairly,accordingtoAllah'ssaying, AndarguenotwiththepeopleoftheScripture(Jews
andChristians),unlessitbein(away)thatisbetter(withgoodwordsandingoodmanner,invitingthemtoIslmicMonotheismwith
HisVerses),exceptwithsuchofthemasdowrong ItisalsoprescribedforaMuslimtoinvitethemtogoodness,
advisethempatiently,actasagoodneighbortothem,andspeaktothemkindly,accordingtoAllah's
saying, Invite(mankind,OMuhammad)totheWayofyourLord(i.e.Islm)withwisdom(i.e.withtheDivine
RevelationandtheQurn)andfairpreaching,andarguewiththeminawaythatisbetter. He(GlorifiedbeHe)alsosays,
andspeakgoodtopeople[i.e.enjoinrighteousnessandforbidevil,andsaythetruthaboutMuhammad] The
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)said, Onewhoguidestosomethinggoodhasarewardsimilartothatofitsdoer. Thereare
manyAyahs(Qur'anicverses)andHadithsthatstressthismeaning.

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:394)

ThisactisMunkar

Q:ThereisaphenomenonthatiswidespreadamongsomepeopleinMorocco,wherebya
mothermakescutsaboveherdaughterskneewitharazor.Shemakesthreeparallellines
andputsapieceofsugarontheflowingbloodandtellsherdaughtertoeatitandsaysome
words.Themotherbelievesthatthisactionwillprotectherdaughtersvirginityandprevent
anyaggressorfromreachingher.(Andthereareotherwaysofdoingthesamething).Whatis
theIslamicrulingonthisaction?

A : ThisactionisMunkar(thatwhichisunacceptableordisapprovedofbyIslamiclawand
Muslimsofsoundintellect).Itisabaselesssuperstitionandimpermissible.Youshouldrather
refrainfromitandwarnothersagainstit.Therumorthatitwillprotectthegirlsvirginityis
falseandcomesfromSatanithasnobasisinthepureShari`ah(Islamiclaw).Sowemust
advisepeoplenottodothisandwarnthemagainstit.Thescholarsmustexplainthatand
warnagainstit,becausetheyaretheoneswhoentrustedwiththemissionofconveying
knowledgefromAllah(GlorifiedbeHe)andfromtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim).

AllahistheOneWhosehelpissought.

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RulingonthepaperswhichincludetheNameofAllah

Q:Duetomywork,IdealwithpapersthatcontaintheNameofAllah,HowshouldIdisposeof
thesepapers?

A : ThesepapersonwhichtheNameofAllahismentionedshouldbekeptandprotected
againstanydisrespectfulactuntilyouendyourbusiness.Whenyoufinishwiththemandno
longerhaveanyneedforthem,youshouldburytheminacleanplace,orburnorkeepthemin
aplacewheretheywillbeprotectedagainstdisrespect,suchasinacupboardoronshelves,
etc.

AllahistheOneWhosehelpissought.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:395)

ItispermissibletosupplicateAllahtoshowMercyonaFasiq(someoneflagrantlyviolating
Islamiclaw)

Q:Isitpermissible,whenaMuslimwhoisFasiqdies,toaskAllahtohavemercyuponhim?

A : Yes,itispermissibletoprayforAllah'sMercybeuponhimandsupplicatetoAllahto
forgivehim.Likewise,FuneralPrayershouldbeperformedoverhimifheisaFasiq,notaKafir
(disbeliever/nonMuslim).

AllahistheOneWhosehelpissought.

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OfthesignsoftheHouristhattheslavegirlgivesbirthtohermistress

Q:ThereisaHadithreportedfromtheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)onthe
authorityof`UmaribnAlKhattab(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)thatreads: Oneoftheportents
oftheHouristhataslavegirlgivesbirthtoherownmistress. Pleaseexplaintomehowaslavegirlgivesbirth
toherownmistress?

A : ThemeaningisthatoftheportentsoftheHouristhespreadofconcubinesamongpeople
thataslavegirlgivesbirthtohermistressafterbeingpregnantfromhermaster.The
daughterofthemasterisamistressandthesonofthemasterisamaster.

AllahistheOneWhosehelpissought.

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Rulingonputtingcosmeticsontheface

Q:Whatistherulingoncosmeticsthatwomenputontheirfacesforbeautification?

A : Theissueoffacecosmeticsissubjecttofurtherdiscussion:Ifitisusedforbeautification
purposesanddoesnotcauseanyharmtotheface,thereisnothingwrongwithitbutifit
causessomeharmsuchasblackspotsetc,thenitisnotallowedbecauseoftheharmit
causes.

AllahistheOneWhosehelpissought.

www.ircpk.com

(PartNo:6,PageNo:396)

Usingcologne

Q:Isitpermissibletousetheperfumesthatarecommonlycalled"cologne"andcontain
alcohol?

A : Itisnotpermissibletouseperfumethatiscalledcologneandcontainsalcohol,forithas
beenmedicallyprovedthatitcausesintoxicationforitincludesalcohol,soitisHaram
(prohibited)forbothmenandwomentouseit.

However,itdoesnotnullifyWudu'(ablution).AsforSalah(Prayer),itsvalidityisdebatable,
fortheJumhur(dominantmajorityofscholars)holdstheviewthatanintoxicantisNajis
(rituallyimpure),consequently,theSalahoftheonewhooffersitwhiledeliberatelyhaving
Najasah(ritualimpurity)onthebodyandisawareoftherulingisnotvalid.Somescholars
holdtheviewthattheintoxicantdoesnotcauseNajasah.Thus,itcomestobeknownthatthe
personwhooffersSalahwithanintoxicantontheirclothesorbodywhileforgettingor
ignorantoftherulingorthinkingitisTahir(rituallypure),theirSalahisvalid.However,tobe
onthesafeside,theyshouldwashoffwhatisontheirclothesorbodyinordertoavoidthe
differenceinscholars'opinion.Ifthereisakindofcolognethatdoesnotcauseintoxication,it
isnotHaramtouseit,sincethe`Illah(effectivecause)givenforarulingexists,theruling
shouldbeappliedandviceversa.

MayAllahgrantussuccess!

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RulingonwomengoingtothemarketwithoutaMahram

Q:IsitpermissibletobeinKhulwah(beingalonewithamemberoftheoppositesex)withthe
wifeofanuncle,sisterinlaw,orotherrelatives?Isitpermissibletogoalonewiththemto
themarketorelsewhere?

A : Itisnotpermissibletobealonewiththesisterinlaworthewifeofanuncleoranyother
nonMahram(notaspouseorunmarriageablerelative).TheMessengerofAllah(peacebe
uponhim)said: NomanshouldbealonewithawomanunlessthereisaMahram(aspouseorunmarriageablemalerelative)
withher. (AgreeduponbyImamsAlBukhariandMuslim)He(peacebeuponhim)forbadebeing
alonewithawomanforSatanwillbethethirdonepresentwiththem.Thus,itisnot
permissibletobealonewithanonMahramwomanatall.Thesisterinlawandtheuncle's
wifearenonMahramsandifgoingtothemarketinvolvesKhulwah,thisisnotpermissible,
butifthereissomeoneelsewithher,itispermissible.MayAllahgrantussuccess!

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:397)

Rulingoncheatinginexams

Q:Whatistherulingoncheatinginexams,iftheteacherisawareofthis?

A : CheatingisHaram(prohibited)inexamsandindealingsnooneshouldcheatinexamsand
iftheteacheragreestothis,heispartnerinsinandbetrayal.

AllahistheOneWhosehelpissought.

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Rulingonmenwearinggoldrings

Q:Whatistherulingonmenwhoweargoldrings?

A : Itisnotpermissibleformentoweargoldringsneitherbeforenoraftermarriage,because
theMessenger(peacebeuponhim) forbadethewearingofgoldrings inmanySahih(authentic)
Hadiths.When Allah'sMessenger(peacebeuponhim)sawapersonwearingagoldringinhishand,he(theProphet)pulledit
offandthrewitaway,saying:Wouldoneofyougotoaburningemberandputitinhishand? (RelatedbyMusliminthe
SahihBook).ThisgivesevidencetothefactthatitisHaram(prohibited)formentoweargold
rings,andthatthisisnotpermissibleatallevenifformarriage.

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Rulingonwearinghighheeledshoes

Q:WhatistherulingofIslamonwomenwearinghighheeledshoes?

A : TheleastthatcanbesaidregardingthisactionisthatitisMakruh(reprehensible).First:
Thatisbecauseitinvolvesdeceit,astheyareworntomakeawomanlooktallwhensheis
not.Second:Theyposeadangertothewoman,asshemayfall.Third:Theyareharmfultoa
womanshealth,ashasbeenstatedbythedoctors.

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:398)

TherulingonaLuqatahfoundinAlHaram

Q:WhatistherulingonaLuqatah(alostitemfoundbysomeoneelse)foundinHaram(the
SacredMosqueinMakkah)?Isitpermissibletogiveittothepoororspenditinestablishinga
Masjid(mosque)?A:ApersonwhofindsaLuqatahinHaramshouldneithergiveittothepoor,norspend
itinestablishingaMasjidoranysuchthing.TheyshouldannounceitintheHaramamongthepeopleand
describeit,accordingtothesayingoftheProphet(peacebeuponhim),"ItsLuqatahshouldnotbetaken
unlessbyonewhowouldsearchforitsowner."Inanothernarration,"unlessbyonewhomakespublic
announcement."ThesameappliestoHaramAlMadinah.However,thereisnoharminleavingitinitsplaceor
deliveringittotheofficialcommitteeresponsiblefordealingwithLuqatahs.Inthiscase,youareclear.

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SeeingLaylatulQadr

Q:CanLaylatulQadr(theNightofDecree)beseenwiththenakedeye?Somepeopleclaim
thatifapersonseesLaylatulQadr,theyseealightintheskyandthelike.Howdidthe
MessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)andtheSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet(may
Allahbepleasedwithallofthem)seeit?HowcanapersonknowthattheyhaveseenLaylat
ulQadr?Willapersonstillgainitsreward,iftheycouldnotseethatnight?Pleaseexplain
andmentiontheevidence.

A:Laylatu lQadrmaybeseenwiththeeyefortheonewhomAllah(ExaltedbeHe)helpsto
seeit,byseeingitssigns.TheSahabah(mayAllahbepleasedwiththem)usedtorecognizeit
byitssigns.However,ifthesesignsarenotseen,thisdoesnotmeanthatonewillnotgainits
rewardiftheyspendthatnightinSalah(Prayer)outofIman(Faith)andhopingforAllah's
reward.MuslimsshouldstrivetoseekitinthelasttennightsofRamadan,asenjoinedbythe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim),hopingtoearnrewards.Ifitsohappensthatapersonspends
thisnightinSalahoutofImanandseekingreward,theywillgainitsreward,eveniftheydo
notknowthatitwasLaylatulQadr.TheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said: WhoeverspendsLaylat
u lQadrinSalahoutofsincereImanandhopingforarewardfromAllah,alltheirprevioussinswillbeforgiven. Inanother
narration,he(peacebeuponhim)said: WhoeverspendsthatnightinSalah,seekingLaylatulQadr,thenithappens
thatitis(LaylatulQadr),theirpreviousandfuturesinswillbeforgiven.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:399)

ItisauthenticallyreportedfromtheProphet(peacebeuponhim)thatoneofitssignsisthat
thesunrisesonthefollowingmorningwithnovisiblerays.UbayibnKa`busedtoswearthatitis
thenightprecedingthetwentyseventhday,citingthissignasevidence.Themostcorrect
viewisthatitmovesthroughallthelasttennights,butitismostlikelytobeontheodd
numberednights,andthenightprecedingthetwentyseventhdayisthemostlikelyamong
theoddnumberednights.Whoeverstrivesin`Ibadah(worship)duringallofthelastten
nights,offeringSalah,recitingQuran,sayingDu`a'(supplication),andparticipatinginother
charitablewaysofdispositionwillundoubtedlycatchupwithLaylatulQadrandattainwhat
Allah(ExaltedbeHe)haspromisedtothosewhodothatoutofImanandseekingreward.

MayAllahgrantussuccess!MaypeaceandblessingsbeuponourProphetMuhammad,his
family,andCompanions!

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Usingtheformula`AlayhiAsSalam"peacebeuponhim"whenreferringtoanyoneotherthan
theMessenger

Q:Whilereviewingthetopicsinthebook"`AqdAlDurarfiAkhbarAlMuntadhar",Ifound
somenarrationsreportedontheauthorityof`AlyibnAbuTalibasfollows:Ontheauthorityof
`AlyibnAbuTalib(peacebeuponhim)whonarratedthattheMessengerofAllah(peacebe
uponhim)said: Oneofmyfamilywillcomeoutinninebanners.(i.e.detachments). Whatistherulingonsaying
"peacebeuponhim"andthelikephraseswhenreferringtopeopleotherthantheMessenger
(peacebeuponhim)?

A:Itisnotpermissibletosingleout `Aly(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim)withthisphrase.
Rather,itispermissibletosaywhenreferringtohimandtootherSahabah(Companionsof
theProphet)"mayAllahbepleasedwiththem"or"mayAllahbemercifulwiththem"because
thereisnoevidenceonsinglinghimoutwiththisphrasetotheexclusionofotherSahabah.
Likewise,thereisnoevidenceonsinglinghimoutwiththephrase"mayAllahhonorhisface".
ItisbettertotreathiminthesamewayoftreatingotherRightlyGuidedCaliphsandnotto
singlehimoutwithcertainphraseswhichhavenoevidencesupportingthem.

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:400)

Answertomiscellaneousquestions

Q1:WhatistherulingonofferingSalah(Prayer)behindasinner,suchasapersonwho
shaveshisbeardorsmokes?

A:Scholarsdifferedonthisissue:someheldthatSalahbehindasinnerisnotvalidforhis
weakreligiosityanduntrustworthinesswhilemanyscholarssawthatitisvalid.However,the
rulersshouldnotappointsinnersasImams(thosewholeadscongregationalPrayer)while
thereareotherstoundertakethisjob.Thisistherightthingtodo.ThissinnerisaMuslimand
knowsthatSalahisobligatory,sotheSalahofthosebehindhimisvalid.Thesupporting
evidenceonthisiswhatwasauthenticallyestablishedintheSahih(authentic)Hadiththatthe
Prophet(peacebeuponhim)saidaboutofferingSalahbehindcorruptleaders, Theywillleadyouin
Salahiftheyofferitproperly,therewardisforbothofyouandiftheyofferitimproperly,therewardisforyouandthesinisfor
them. OtherHadithsthatstressthesamemeaningwerealsoreportedfromhim(peacebeupon
him).SomeoftheSahabah(CompanionsoftheProphet)offeredSalahbehindAlHajjaj,whowas
oneofthemostcorruptpeopleofhistime.TheMu'mins(believers)shouldofferSalahin
congregation,eveniftheImamisacorruptperson.However,iftheycanofferSalahbehinda
justImam,itwillbebetterfortheirreligion.

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Q2:Whatistherulingonexchangingsilverriyalsforpaperriyalsatdifferentrates?

A:Thereissomediscrepancyconcerningthismatter.Somemodernscholarsconfirmedthe
permissibilityofsuchdealings,becausepapermoneyisdifferentfromsilver.Otherssaidthat
itisprohibited(Haram),becausepapermoneyisacurrencythatiscirculatedamongpeople
thatreplacedsilversoitcomesunderthesamerulings.Asformyownview,atpresentIam
notsureofeitheropinion,butIrecommendbeingonthesafeside,soitisbetternottodo
that,becausetheProphet(peacebeuponhim)said, Leavewhatcausesyoudoubtandturntowhatdoesnot
causeyoudoubt. TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceandBlessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: Whoever
guardshimselfagainstdoubtfulthingskeepshisreligionandhonorblameless... TheProphet(mayAllah'sPeaceand
Blessingsbeuponhim)alsosays: Virtueisagoodmoral,andsinisthatwhichisabrasivetothesoul,andthatyoudo
notlikepeopletoknowabout.

Therefore,inordertobeonthesafesideitisbettertosellsilvercoinsforsomethingelse,
suchasgold,thenbuypapermoneywiththat.Iftheonewhohaspapermoneywantstobuy
silvercoins,heshouldsellthepaperforgoldandsoon,thenusethattobuythesilvercoins
hewants.

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:401)

Q3:Whentheemployeehastherighttoanallowanceformovinghisfamilyfromhiscityto
hisplaceofwork,yethisfamilydidnotmoveinrealitybutheforgeddocumentsandreceived
suchallowance.Isthatpermissible?

A:Thisactionisnotpermissible,accordingtothepureIslamicShari`ah.Itresultsinacquiring
moneybymeansoflyinganddeception.AcquiringmoneyinthatmannerisHaram
(Prohibited)andmustbedenouncedandwarnedagainst.MayAllahgrantussafetyfromthis!

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Q4:Apersonhasasourceofincomethroughwhichhereceivesmoneyonaregularbasis,
suchasthecaseofanemployeeoratradesman.Ashespendsfromthismoney,hecannot
distinguishtheexactamountwhichremainedinhispossessionforafulllunaryear.Howcan
hecalculatetheZakahdueonsuchmoney?

A:Heshouldkeeparecordoftheexactdateswhenhereceivedthismoneysothathewould
knowtheHawl(onelunaryearcalculatedfromthetimeapropertyreachestheminimum
amountuponwhichZakahisdue).Heshouldalsoallocateanamountofmoneyforhis
expensesseparatedfromthemoneyofZakahunlessheiswillingtopayZakahontheentire
accumulatedamountsonayearlybasisbearinginmindthefirstamountofmoneyhereceived,
thiswillbeallowed.Insuchacase,therewillbenoneedtorecordthedatesofreceipt.Ifhe
paysZakahonthewholesumofmoney,hewouldbefreeofanyliability.Themoneywhich
exceedstheZakahwillberegardedasSadaqah(voluntarycharity)onwhichhewillbe
rewardedgreatly.MayAllahmakeusamongthosewhogivecharity!

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Q:Amanwantstodoacertainjob,whichheisabletodoandcanexcelothersinit,buthe
doesnothavethecertificatethatentitleshimtoenterthecompetition.Isitpermissiblefor
himtoforgethecertificateandenterthecompetition?Ifhesucceeds,willhiswagesbe
permissibleforhim?

A:Itseemstome,fromthepureShari`ahanditssublimegoals,thatsuchactionsarenot
permissible,becausethisisgainingemploymentbymeansoflyinganddeception.Theseare
forbiddenthingsthatmayopenthedoorwidetoevilandpavethewayfordeceit.
Undoubtedly,thosewhoareentrustedwiththetaskofhiringemployeesmustseekqualified
andtrustworthypeopleasmuchaspossible.

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Q:Whatistherulingonthosewhoabstainfromenjoininggoodandforbiddingevilwhile
havingtheabilitytodoso?

A:SuchpeoplearetherebydisobedienttoAllahandHisMessenger(peacebeuponhim).They
haveweakIman(Faith)andareingreatdanger.Thisisoneofthediseasesoftheheartand
mayresultinAllah'simmediateorlaterpunishment.Allah(mayHebeExaltedandGlorified)
stated: ThoseamongtheChildrenofIsraelwhodisbelievedwerecursedbythetongueofDwd(David)andIs(Jesus),sonof
Maryam(Mary).Thatwasbecausetheydisobeyed(AllhandtheMessengers)andwereevertransgressingbeyondbounds. They
usednottoforbidoneanotherfromAlMunkar(wrong,evildoing,sins,polytheism,disbelief)whichtheycommitted.Vileindeedwas
whattheyusedtodo.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:402)

ItisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet(peacebeuponhim)stated: "Whoeveramongyousees
somethingabominableshouldchangeitwithhishandandifhehasnottheability,thenheshoulddosowithhistongueandifhehas
nottheabilitytodothis,(even)thenheshould(abhorit)inhisheart,andthisistheleastofFaith." Also,He(peacebe
uponhim)stated: Ifactsofdisobediencearewitnessedbypeopleandtheydonotrectfythem,Allahwillsoonpunishthem
a l l . RelatedbyImamAhmadwithasoundIsnad(chainofnarration)ontheauthorityofAbuBakrAl
Siddiq(mayAllahbepleasedwithhim).TherearemanyHadithinthisregard.WeimploreAllah
tohelpMuslimsfulfillthisgreatobligationinamannerthatpleasesHim.

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Q:Iftwofriendsappliedforajobandtheyfulfilledtheconditionsforacceptance,andoneof
thementeredthetestinsteadoftheother,isthislawfulifhecandothejobandisit
permissibleforhimtotakeasalaryforthatjob?

A:Itisnotpermissibletodothis,becauseitinvolveslyingandfraudanditopensthedoorfor
unqualifiedpeopletogetjobsindishonestwayandgainthroughdeceptionsomethingthatis
unlawfulforthem.

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removingwomensfacialhair

Q:Whatistherulingonwomenremovingtheirfacialhair?

A:Thisneedstobediscussedindetail.Ifitisnormalfacialhair,itisnotpermissibleto
removeitaccordingtotheHadith: TheMessengerofAllah(peacebeuponhim)cursedthewomenwhopracticeNams
(facialhairremoval)andthoseonwhomNamsispracticed. Namsisremovalofhairfromthefaceandthe
eyebrows.However,ifthereisexcessivefacialhairthatdefacesawoman,suchasamustache
orbeard,thereisnoharminremovingthisbecauseitdeformsherfaceandharmsher.

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(PartNo:6,PageNo:403)

hittingfemalestudentsforeducationalpurposes

Q:Whatistherulingonhittingfemalestudentstomakethemlearn,andtourgethemtodo
theirrequiredhomeworkandstopneglectingit?

A:Thereisnothingwronginthat,becauseteachersandparentshavetherighttoobserveand
disciplinechildrenformisconductthatdeservesdiscipline,suchasiftheyneglecttheir
homework.Thisistoaccustomthemtonoblemannersandbringthemuponethicsof
commitmenttogoodwork.Forthispurpose,itisauthenticallyreportedthattheProphet
(peacebeuponhim)said, CommandyourchildrentoperformSalah(Prayer)whentheyareseven(yearsold),andhit
themfor(neglecting)itwhentheyareten(yearsold)andseparatebetweentheminbeds. Justasboysmaybe
chastisedforneglectingtheSalah,socangirlswhentheyreachtheageoften,iftheyneglect
thedutyofSalahuntiltheyprayregularly.Thesameappliestootherobligations,suchas
study,homeduties,etc.Thosewhoareinchargeofyoungsters,maleandfemale,shouldpay
attentiontoteachingthemanddiscipliningthem,butanyhittingshouldbelightandnot
harmful,andonlytoachievetheintendedpurpose.

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fearofRiyawhengivingadvice

Q:Awomansays,IamafraidofRiya(showingoff)andIamwaryofittotheextentthatI
cannotadvisesomepeopleorforbidthemfromcertainacts,suchasGhibah(backbiting),
Namimah(talebearing),andsuchlike.IamafraidthatwouldbeRiyaandthatpeoplemight
thinkthatIamdissembling,soIdonotgivethemadviceaboutanything.SometimesIsayto
myselftheyareeducatedpeopleandarenotinneedofmyadvice.Whatisyouradviceto
me?

A:ThisisoneofSatanstrickswithwhichheholdspeoplebackfromDawah(callingtoAllah)
andfromenjoiningthegoodandforbiddingevil.HemakespeoplethinkthatthisisRiyaor
thatpeoplemightthinkitis.OursisterinIslam,youshouldnotpayattentiontothese
thoughts.InfactitisobligatoryonyoutogiveadvicetoyoursistersandbrothersinIslamif
youseethemneglectingtheirreligiousobligationsorcommittingforbiddendeeds,suchas
Ghibah,Namimah,andnotwearingtheirveilsinthepresenceofmen.Youshouldnotbe
afraidthatthisisRiya.

(PartNo:6,PageNo:404)

YoushouldbesinceretoAllahandtruthfultoHimandexpectgoodfordoinggood.Youshould
ignorethesewhispersandtricksofSatan,asAllahknowswhatisinyourheart,your
intention,yoursinceritytowardsHim(ExaltedbeHe),andyourhonestytowardsHisServants.
UndoubtedlyRiya isShirk(associatingotherswithAllahinHisDivinityorworship)anditis