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EB
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mm3Rolls-Royce
Operation and
Maintenance Manual

First Edition 1 November 1989 250-B17F


Revision 8 1 May 2002 250-B17F/l
250-B17F/2

Publication ref. GTP5243-2

Export controlled
This document may contain information whose
export is restricted by the Arms Export Control
Act (Title 22. USC.. Set 2751. Et Sea.) or the
Export Administration Act of 1979, as &ended,
(Title 50, USC., App. 2401, Et Seq.). Violations
to these export laws are subject to severe criminal
penalties.

Liability disclaimer
This information is given in good faith, based on
the latest information available. No warranty or
other representation is given concerning such
information, which must not be taken as
establishing any contractual or other commitment
by the company or any of its subsidiaries or
associated companies

Proprietary rights legend


Rolls-Royce Corporation
This technical data and the information embodied
herein is the property of and proprietary to
Rolls-Royce Corporation, and shall not, without
prior written permission of Rolls-Royce
Corporation be disclosed in whole or in part to
third parties. This legend shall be included on
any reproduction of this data in whole or in part.

02002 Rolls-Royce Corporation

Printed in USA

Federal Aviation Administration Approved


Rolls-Royce Proprietary Data Uncontrolled Printed Copy
Rolls-Royce
250-B17F SERIES OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE

NOTICE - These data are furnished with the understanding that they will be used for operational,
service, maintenance, and overhaul purposes only, and not to manufacture or procure
the manufacture of the part shown and/or described.

NOTICE - Rolls-Royce intends that the procedures and guidelines set forth in this publication be
used for the operation, maintenance, repair or overhaul of authorized Rolls-Royce parts
Rolls-Royce has determined that these procedures and guidelines may not be accept-
able for use on parts manufactured by entities other than Rolls-Royce or Rolls-Royce
approved vendors and suppliers.

Preliminary Edition 1 February 1988

Preliminary Edition 1 July 1988

First Edition 1 November 1989

First Revision 1 February 1993

Second Revision 15 December 1995

Third Revision 15 December 1996

Fourth Revision 15 December 1997

Fifth Revision 15 July 1999

Sixth Revision 15 September 2000

Seventh Revision 1 May 2001

Eighth Revision 1 May 2002

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TEMPORARY LIST OF PAGES

insert this page preceding the List of Effective Pages dated May i/02.

Temporary Revision Chapter/


Number Section Paae .Date
GTP5243-2-El R8T05-1 05-l o-00 1 May 1O/O2
GTP5243-2-El R8TINTRO-1 INTRODUCTION 1 May 24102
GTP5243-2-El R8T72-1 72-00-00 611 Dee 20/02
72-00-00 615 Dee 20/02
72-00-00 616 Dee 20/02
72-00-00 617 Dee 20/02

,.,,_. . _

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H-y
CHAP/SECT/SUB PAGE DATE CHAP/SECT/SUB PAGE: DATE
List of Effective Pages 1 May l/O2 05-10-03 (cant) 2 Sep 15/00
2 May l/O2 05-10-05 1 Jul15/99
3 May l/O2 2 Jul15/99
4 May l/O2 05-10-07 1 Jul 15/99
5 May l/O2 2 Jul15/99
6 May l/O2 72-Contents 1 Sep 15/00
7 May l/02 2 Sep 15/00
8 May1/02 3 Sep 15/00
CSI 1 Sep 15/00 4 Sep 15/00
2 Sep 15/00 5 Sep 15/00
Alphabetical index 1 Nov l/89 6 Sep 15/00
2 Nov1/89 7 Sep 15/00
3 Nov1/89 8 Sep 15/00
4 Nov l/89 72-00-00 1 Jul15/99
5 Nov1/89 2 Jul15/99
6 Nov l/89 3 Jul15/99
7 Nov1/89 4 Nov1/89
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8 Nov1/89 5 Nov1/89
Numerical Index 1 Nov1/89 6 Jul 15/99
2 May l/O2 7 Sep 15/00
Introduction 1 Sep 15/00 8 Sep 15/00
2 Sep 15/00 9 Sep 15/00
3 Sep 15/00 10 Jul 15/99
4 Sep 15/00 11 Jul 15/99
Warning Pages 1 Sep 15/00 12 Sep 15/00
2 Sep 15/00 13 Jul 15/99
3 Sep 15/00 14 Jul 15/99
4 Sep 15/00 15 Jul 15/99
5 Sep 15/00 16 Jul 15/99
6 Sep 15/00 17 Sep 15/00
05-Contents 1 Jul 15/99 18 Jul 15/99
2 Jul 15/99 19 Jul 15/99
05-10-00 1 Jul 15/99 20 Sep 15/00
2 Jul15/99 21 Sep 15/00
05-10-01 1 Jul15/99 22 Sep 15/00
2 Jul 15/99 23 Sep 15/00
05-10-03 1 May l/O2 24 Sep 15/00

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621 May l/O2 214 Sep 15/00
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206 Sep 15/00 74-Contents 1 Sep15/00
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202 Sep 15/00 74-20-02 201 Sep 15/00
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ALPHABETICAL INDEX

A
Anti-icing Air Valves-Maintenance Practices .............................................. 75-1 O-01
Airframe/Engine interface Connections ..................................................... 72-00-00
Aircraft Manufacturer Trend Check Alternate Procedure ..................................... 72-00-00
Alternate to Replacement ................................................................ 74-20-03
Altitude and Ambient Temperature ......................................................... 72-00-00
Anti-icing Air ........................................................................... 72-00-00
Anti-icing Air Valve Installation ............................................................ 75-1 O-01
Anti-icing Air Valve Removal ............................................................. 75-1 O-01
Anti-icing Solenoid Valve Installation ...................................................... 75-1 O-01
Anti-icing Solenoid Valve Removal ........................................................ 75-1 O-01
Anti-icing System ....................................................................... 72-00-00
ApprovedRepairs ....................................................................... 72-50-00

B
Beta Control Valve Checks and Adjustments ................................................ 76-l O-02
Blade and Vane Inspection-Compressor ................................................... 72-30-00
Blade and Vane Inspection-Turbine ....................................................... 72-50-00
BladeDamage .......................................................................... 72-30-00
Bleed Air Control System-Maintenance Practices ................................ ,,......... 75-1 O-02
Bleed Air Control Valve Replacement ............................................ ,,......... 75-l O-02
Burner Drain Valves ........................................................... ,,......... 72-40-00

C
Case and Vane Abradable Seal Coating Inspection ......................................... 72-30-00
Checking for Carbon Buildup ............................................................. 72-00-00
CheckRun ............................................................................. 72-00-00
CheckRunSchedule .................................................................... 72-00-00
Cleaning Bleed Valve .................................................................... 72-30-00
Cleaning Compressor Blading ............................................................ 72-30-00
Cleaning Engine Electrical Harness ........................................................ 73-21-00
Cleaning the P, Air Filter Element ......................................................... 73-20-03
Cleaning Power Turbine Labyrinth Seals ................................................... 72-50-00
Cleaning the Gas Producer Fuel Control Air Circuit .......................................... 73-20-02
Cleaning the Gas Producer Fuel Control Fuel Strainer ....................................... 73-20-02
ColdWeather Fuels ..................................................................... 72-00-00
Cold Weather Oils ....................................................................... 72-00-00
Combustion Liner ....................................................................... 72-40-00
Combustion Section ..................................................................... 72-00-00

ALPHA INDEX
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ALPHABETICAL INDEX (cant)

C (cant)

Combustion Section-Maintenance Practices ............ .. .... 72-40-00


Compressor ......................................... . .... 72-00-00
Compressor Air Systems-Maintenance Practices ....... .... 75-1 o-00
Compressor Assembly Replacement ................... .................. .... 72-30-00
Compressor Bleed Air System ......................... .. .................. .. 72-00-00
Compressor Case Replacement. ....................... .. .................. .... 72-30-00
CompressorCleaning ................................. .. .................. .... 72-30-00
Compressor Discharge Air Tubes ...................... .. .................. .... 72-40-00
Compressor Front Bearing and/or Oil Seal Replacement .. .. .................. .... 72-30-00
Compressor Front Support Inspection ................... .. .................. ... 72-30-00
Compressor Mounting Shim Thickness Requirements ..... .. .................. .... 72-30-00
Compressor Preservation ............................. .. .................. .... 72-00-00
Compressor Section-Maintenance Practices ........... .... 72-30-00
Compressor Spline Inspection ......................... .. .................. ... 72-30-00
Consumable Materials ................................ .. .................. .... 72-00-00
Container Reuse ..................................... .. .................. .... 72-00-00
Coordinator Assembly-Maintenance Practices .......... . .................. .... 73-20-05
Coordinator Rigging .................................. ... 76-l O-01
Corrosion Treatment and Surface Finish Repair .......... . . .................. ... 72-00-00
Cutoff Valve Operational Check ........................ . . .................. .. ... 73-20-02 -

Diffuser Vent Orifice Inspection ............................................................ 72-30-00


Diffuser Vent Orifice Selection ............................................................ 72-00-00

Electronic N2 Overspeed Control .......................................................... 73-21-00


Electronic Power Turbine (N2) Overspeed Control ........................................... 72-00-00
System Check
Electrical System ........................................................................ 72-00-00
Emergency lnflight Shutdown ............................................................. 72-00-00
EmergencyOilMix ...................................................................... 72-00-00
Engine-Adjustment/Test ................................................................ 72-00-00
Engine-Cleaning/Painting ............................................................... 72-00-00
Engine Control Linkages-Maintenance Practices ........................................... 76-l O-01
Engine Controls-Maintenance Practices .................................................. 76-00-00
Engine-Description and Operation ....................................................... 72-00-00
Engine Electrical Harness ................................................................ 73-21-00
Engine Electrical Harness Check .......................................................... 73-21-00
Engine-Inspection/Check ............................................................... 72-00-00
Engine Preservation ..................................................................... 72-00-00

ALPHA INDEX
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ALPHABETICAL INDEX (cant)

E (cant)

Engine Ratings ............................ ............ ............................... 72-00-00


Engine Speed ............................. ............ ............................... 72-00-00
Engine Starting Characteristic Adjustments .... ............ ............................... 73-20-02
Engine Starting Procedures .................. ............ ............................... 72-00-00
Engine-Storage Instructions ................ ............ ............................... 72-00-00
Engine TBO ............................... ............ ............................... 72-00-00
Engine-Troubleshooting/Engine Servicing .... ............ ............................... 72-00-00

Feathering ............................................................................. 72-00-00


Fire Extinguisher Material (Cleaning) ...................................................... 72-00-00
First-stage Turbine Nozzle and First-stage Nozzle Shield .................................... 72-50-00
First-stage Turbine Nozzle and Nozzle Shield Inspection ..................................... 72-50-00
Fittings With Backup Rings ............................................................... 72-00-00
Fittings Without Backup Rings ............................................................ 72-00-00
FlangedTubes .......................................................................... 72-00-00
Flared Tubes ........................................................................... 72-00-00
Flight Conditions .............................................................. I, ......... 72-00-00
Flight Operation ............................................................... ,,......... 72-00-00
Fuel and Control System-Maintenance Practices ........................................... 73-00-00
Fuel Control Operational Checks .......................................................... 73-20-02
Fuel Control System Pneumatic Leak Check ................................................ 73-00-00
Fuel Leakage Inspection ................................................................. 73-00-00
Fuel Nozzle-Maintenance Practices ...................................................... 73-l O-03
Fuel Pump and Filter Assembly-Maintenance Practices ..................................... 73-l O-01
Fuel Pump Filter By-pass Valve Operation Check ........................................... 73-1 O-01
FuelSpecification ....................................................................... 72-00-00
Fuel System Air Leaks ................................................................... 73-00-00
Fuel System Depreservation .............................................................. 72-00-00
FuelSystemFilters ...................................................................... 73-00-00
Fuel System Maintenance ................................................................ 73-00-00
Fuel System Preservation ................................................................ 72-00-00

G
Galvanic Corrosion Protection ............................................................ 72-00-00
Gas Producer Fuel Control-Maintenance Practices ......................................... 73-20-02
Gas Producer Turbine Support Pressure Oil ................................................ 72-50-00
Manifold Replacement
Gearbox Assembly and Test .............................................................. 72-60-00
GearboxCoverAssembly ................................................................ 72-60-00
Gearbox Cover Disassembly. ............................................................. 72-60-00
/@--
Gearbox Cover-to-Housing Assembly ..................................................... 72-60-00
Gearbox Disassembly and Assembly ...................................................... 72-60-00

ALPHA INDEX
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ALPHABETICAL INDEX (cant)

G (cant)

Gearbox Housing Assembly and Check . . . . . . . . . . .. ...... .... . . 72-60-00


Gearbox Housing Disassembly . . _ . . . . . . . . _ . . . . . .. ...... ..... . . 72-60-00
Gearbox Housing Lubrication System Components . .. ...... ..... . . 72-60-00
Disassembly
Ground Shutdown . . . . . . . _ . . . . . . . . . . . _ . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. .. ..... .. . . . . . . 72-00-00
Ground Starting . . . _. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . _ . . . . . . . . . . .. .. .. .. ..... .. . . . . . 72-00-00

IdleSpeedSetting ....................................................................... 73-20-02


Ignition Exciter-Maintenance Practices ................................................... 74-00-01
Ignition System ......................................................................... 72-00-00
Ignition System Check ................................................................... 74-00-00
ignition System-Maintenance Practices ................................................... 74-00-00
Inactive Engine Preservation .............................................................. 72-00-00
lnflightstarting .......................................................................... 72-00-00
lnsertlnspection ........................................................................ 72-60-00
Inspection and Cleaning of Power Turbine Support .......................................... 72-50-00
Scavenge Oil Strut
Inspection of Disassembled Nozzle ........................................................ 73-l O-O? -_
Inspections, Scheduled .................................................................. 72-00-o
Inspections,Special ..................................................................... 72-00-00
Installation (Compressor Case Bottom Half) ................................................ 72-30-00
Installation (Compressor Case Top Half) ................................................... 72-30-00
Installation of Engine in Container ......................................................... 72-00-00

Landing ..................................... . .................... . 72-00-00


Life Limited Parts ............................. .. .. ............. .................... . 72-00-00
Locknut Installation ........................... .. .. ............. .................... . 72-00-00
Log Book Entries ............................. .. .. ............. .................... . 72-00-00
Low Oil Pressure Operation ................... . .. ............. .................... . 72-00-00
Lube Oil Filter Housing Replacement ........... .................... . 72-60-00
Lubricants ................................... . . . . . ....... .................... . 72-00-00
Lubrication System ........................... . . . . . ....... .................... . 72-00-00
Lubrication System Servicing .................. . . . . . ....... .................... . 72-00-00

Magnetic N2 Speed Pickup ......................................................... ..... 73-2 I-00


MagneticPluglnspecion ........................................................... .. .. 72-60-00
Maintenance of the Ignition System .................................................. ..... 74-00-00 --.
MaximumOilConsumption ......................................................... ..... 72-00-o
MaximumSpeedStop ............................................................. ..... 73-20-02

ALPHA INDEX
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ALPHABETICAL INDEX (cant)

M (cant)
Mixing Alternate Cold Weather Fuel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72-00-00
ModularTBO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72-00-00

N
N2 Overspeed Control ................................................................... 73-21-00
N2 Overspeed Control Check ............................................................. 73-21-00
N2 Overspeed Solenoid Valve ............................................................. 73-21-00
N2 Speed Pickup Inspection/Check ........................................................ 73-21-00
Normal lnflight Shutdown ................................................................. 72-00-00

0
OilBellowsSeal ......................................................................... 72-50-00
OilChange ............................................................................. 72-00-00
Oil Filter Replacement ................................................................... 72-60-00
OilFlowMeasurement ................................................................... 72-50-00
OilLeakagelnspection ................................................................... 72-60-00
OilPressure ............................................................................ 72-00-00
Oil Pressure Regulating Valve .................................................. ,,......... 72-60-00
Oil Pump Disassembly, Inspection and Assembly .................................. ,,......... 72-60-00
Oil Seals Replacement ......................................................... ......... 72-60-00
Oil Specification ............................................................... .......... 72-00-00
Oil System Maintenance ................................................................. 72-50-00
Oil System Preservation .................................................................. 72-00-00
Oil Temperature ......................................................................... 72-00-00
Oil Temperature Limit Exceeded ........................................................... 72-00-00
On-Condition Parts ...................................................................... 72-00-00
OpenedGearboxlnspection .............................................................. 72-60-00
Operating Instructions ................................................................... 72-00-00
Operating Limits ........................................................................ 72-00-00
Operating Precautions ................................................................... 72-00-00
Operating Procedures ................................................................... 72-00-00
OperationalCheck ...................................................................... 73-10-01
Outer Combustion Case .................................................................. 72-40-00
Overhaul, Time Between ................................................................. 72-00-00

P
PC Air Filter-Maintenance Practices ............................ ......................... 73-20-03
Post Flight Inspections ......................................... ......................... 72-00-00
Power and Control System ..................................... ......................... 72-00-00
Power and Accessory Gearbox-Maintenance Practices ........... ......................... 72-60-00
Power and Accessory Gearbox Replacement ..................... ......................... 72-60-00
Power Turbine Governor-Maintenance Practices ................. ......................... 73-20-01

ALPHA INDEX
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ALPHABETICAL INDEX (cant)

P (cant)

Power Train Pinion Helical Gear Spline Inspection ..................... ............... ,..... 72-60-00
Power Turbine Electronic (N2) Overspeed Control ..................... ............... . . . . . 73-21-03
System-Maintenance Practices
Power Turbine Outer Shaft Spline Inspection ......................... .... .......... ... . 72-50-00
Preflight and Postflight Inspections .................................. .... .......... ..... 72-00-00
Preparation of Engine for Storage and Shipment ...................... .... .......... . ... 72-00-00
Preservation and Depreservation .................................... .... .......... ..... 72-00-00
Preservation Surveillance .......................................... .......... . ... 72-00-00
Propeller Beta Control Valve-Maintenance Practices ................. . . . . .......... ..... 76-l O-02
Propeller Blade Angle Setting ....................................... . . . . .......... ..... 76-00-00
Propeller Check Run ............................................... . . . . .......... ..... 72-00-00
Propeller Overspeed Governor Functional Check ...................... . . . . .......... ..... 72-00-00
Propeller Overspeed Governor-Maintenance Practices ............... ............... ..... 73-20-04
Propeller-Power Turbine Governor Functional Feather Check ......... ............... ..... 72-00-00
Propeller Reduction Gearbox-Maintenance Practices ................. ............... -.... 72-l O-00
Purging Air from Single Element Pump Filter Bowl ..................... ............... ..... 73-00-00
Purging the Fuel System ........................................... ............... ..... 73-00-00

Removal (Compressor Case Bottom Half) ................ ................ ................ 72-30-C


Removal (Compressor Case Top Half) ................... ................ ................ 72-30-00
Removal of Engine from Container ...................... ................ ................ 72-00-00
Repair of Compressor Mounting Inserts .................. ................ ................ 72-60-00
Replacing the Filter in a Single Element Fuel Pump ........ ................ 73-l O-01
RiggingCheck ........................................ . . . . ................ 76-00-00
Rigid Tube Inspection and Installation .................... . . . . ................ 72-00-00

Scheduledlnspections.. ................................................................. 72-00-00


Single Element Fuel Pump Drive Shaft Inspection ........................................... 73-1 O-01
Spark Igniter Lead-Maintenance Practices ................................................ 74-20-02
Spark Igniters-Maintenance Practices .................................................... 74-20-01
Start Counter-Maintenance Practices ..................................................... 74-20-03
Speciallnspections.. .................................................................... 72-00-00
Special Service Tools .................................................................... 72-00-00
Specifications ........................................................................... 72-00-00
Starter-generator Gearshaft Female Spline Inspection ....................................... 72-60-00
Starting ................................................................................ 72-00-00
System On-Condition Maintenance ....................................................... 72-00-00
Systems ............................................................................... 72-00-00
-

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NUMERICAL INDEX
CHAPTER 72 ENGINE
72 Contents
72-00-00 Engine
72-l O-00 Propeller Reduction Gearbox
72-30-00 Compressor Section
72-40-00 Combustion Section
72-50-00 Turbine Section
72-60-00 Power and Accessory Gearbox
CHAPTER 73 ENGINE FUEL AND CONTROL
73 Contents
73-00-00 Fuel and Control System
73-1 o-o 1 Fuel Pump and Filter Assembly
73-1 O-03 Fuel Nozzle
73-20-o 1 Propeller Power Turbine Governor
73-20-02 Gas Producer Fuel Control
73-20-03 PC Air Filter
73-20-04 Propeller Overspeed Governor
73-20-05 Coordinator Assembly
73-2 l-00 Power Turbine Electronic (N2) Overspeed Control System
CHAPTER 74 IGNITION
74 Contents
74-00-00 Ignition System
74-1 o-o 1 Ignition Exciter
74-20-o 1 Spark Igniter
74-20-02 Spark Igniter Lead
74-20-03 Start Counter
CHAPTER 75 AIR
75 Contents
75-l o-00 Compressor Air Systems
75-l o-o 1 Anti-Icing Air Valves
75-l O-02 Bleed Air Control System

NUMERICAL INDEX
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NUMERICAL INDEX (cant)


CHAPTER 76 ENGINE CONTROLS
76 Contents
76-00-00 Engine Controls
76-1 O-O 1 Engine Control Linkages
76-l O-02 Propeller Beta Control Valve
CHAPTER 77 ENGINE INDICATING
77 Contents
77-20-00 Temperature Measurement System
77-20-o 1 Thermocouples

NUMERICAL INDEX
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250-B17F SERIES OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
TECHNICAL ASPECTS ARE FAA APPROVED TEMPORARY REVISION GTP5243-2-El R8TINTRO-1

INTRODUCTION
1. This publication provides descriptive information, operating instructions and maintenance information
for the Rolls-Royce 250-B17F Series turbo-prop engines.

NOTE.
-- Rolls-Royce technical publications, in whole or in part, cannot be utilized as a means to
establish serviceability of material not manufactured or approved by Rolls-Royce.
Rolls-Royce technical publications and documents are developed solely for use in support of
applicable Rolls-Royce parts. Parts, material, or processes not approved by Rolls-Royce
were not considered in the development of Rolls-Royce technical publications due to
Rolls-Royce not having knowledge of any specifications or design criteria for parts, overhaul
or repair processes of parts or material not authorized by Rolls-Royce. Therefore,
Rolls-Royce technical publications should not be used to support or maintain engines,
modules, or parts using details, parts, materials, or processes that are not Rolls-Royce
approved. Rolls-Royce disclaims any liability for the performance or the failure to perform of
engines, modules or parts that have been maintained or supported using pans, material, or
processes not authorized by Rolls-Royce.

2. The engine consists of a compressor, a single combustion chamber, a two-stage gas producer tur-
bine, and a two-stage power turbine which supplies the output power of the engine through the power
and accessory gearbox, and propeller reduction gearbox.

3. The procedures and limits in this manual constitute the manufacturers official recommendations for
engine operation.

4. All information has been correlated with our Customer Support and Engineering Groups for technical
accuracy as of the published date on the title page.

5. Every task outlined in the Operation and Maintenance Manual has been successfully accomplished by
organizations and individuals at the field maintenance level.

6. It is not expected that every organization or individual will possess the required special tooling, train-
ing, or experience to perform all tasks outlined. However, any task outlined herein may be performed
if in the opinion of the organization or individual, the following conditions are met.

A. Necessary knowledge of the task either through:

(1) Formal instruction in a Rolls-Royce authorized training facility.

(2) On-the-job instruction by a Rolls-Royce or Authorized Maintenance Center (AMC) rep-


resentative.

(3) Experience in performing the task.

B. Suitable work environment to prevent contamination or damage to engine parts or modules.

C. Suitable tools and fixtures as outlined in the Operation and Maintenance Manual

D. Reasonable and prudent maintenance practices are utilized.

E. Requirements of the applicable regulatory authority regarding maintenance procedures are met.

7. Maintenance organizations and individuals are encouraged to contact Rolls-Royce through its world-
wide AMC network for information and guidance on any of the tasks outlined herein. AMC directories
are available from the Rolls-Royce customer support organization.

INTRODUCTION
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TECHNICAL ASPECTS ARE FAA APPROVED TEMPORARY REVISION GTP5243-2-EIl R8T05-1

AIRWORTHINESS LIMITATIONS
DESCRIPTION

CAUTION: OPERATORS ARE REQUIRED BY FAA TO COMPLY WITH THE PARTS LIFE LIMITATIONS
INDICATED HEREIN. THE OPERATOR ALONE MUST MAINTAIN RECORDS OIF BOTH
HOURS AND CYCLES. BOTH TOTAL TIME AND ACCUMULATED CYCLES OF:
APPLICABLE COMPONENTS MUST BE RECORDED IN PART I SERVICE RECORD AND
PART VI CYCLE RECORD PAGES RESPECTIVELY FOR THE COMPRESSOR ASSEMBLY
AND TURBINE ASSEMBLY. SHOULD THE CYCLE COUNTER BECOME INADVERTENTLY
DISCONNECTED, STOP COUNTING, OR COUNT TOO MANY OR TOO FEW CYCLES, THE
CORRECT NUMBER OF CYCLES MUST STILL BE COUNTED. FAILURE TO RECORD
HOUR AND CYCLIC DATA OF APPLICABLE PARTS IN THE LOG BOOK WILL RESULT IN
THOSE PARTS BEING REPLACED AT THE OPERATORS EXPENSE WHEN ENGINES OR
COMPONENTS ARE RETURNED FOR REPAIR OR OVERHAUL. REFER TO PARAGRAPH
12 LOG BOOK ENTRIES, FOR AN EXPLANATION OF LOG BOOK ENTRIES PERTAINING
TO CYCLE AND HOUR RECORDS ON LIFE LIMITED PARTS.
NOTE: All Life Limited Parts removed from a type certificated product must be tagged to identify the
part. The tag or record must include the part number, serial number and current life status of
the part, hours, and cycles. Each time the part is removed, either a new tag or record must be
created, or the existing tag or record must be updated with the current life status of the part.
The tag or record must remain with the part at all times when not installed.

I
When a life limited part is removed from service due to meeting the published life limits,
vibropeen or etch the words life expired next to or under the part number. A life limited part,
other than new (however, proper paper work to provide traceability is still required), must have
a tag or record attached.

1 Airworthiness Limitations

A. Chapter 05-l O-00 and Tables 9 and 10, Chapter 72-OO-OO,Engine-Description and Operation,
contain FAA approved operating limitations for those engine parts that are life limited. Parts life
limits are based on either total hours or total cycles, whichever occurs first. A cycle is defined as
a start or start attempt. The operator is assisted in maintaining a cycle count by means of an en-
gine furnished counter which will record the number of times the ignition exciter is energized. (It
is considered that the number of times the ignition exciter is energized and lightoff does not occur
is negligible.)

NOTE-
-- Refer to Tables 9 and 10, Chapter 72-00-00, Engine-Description and Operation, for
Time Between Overhaul (TBO) limits on the 250-B17F Series Engine.

B. Operating hours, with respect to maintenance records, is defined as the time from the moment an
aircraft leaves the surface of the earth until it touches at the next point of landing.

05-l o-00
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TABLE OF CONTENTS (cant)


CHAPTER
SECTION
SUBJECT SUBJECT PAGE

PROPELLER REDUCTION GEARBOX -


MAINTENANCE PRACTICES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72-l O-00
Propeller Reduction Gearbox Replacement .................................................. 201
Removal ............................................................................. 201
Installation ........................................................................... 201
COMPRESSOR SECTION - MAINTENANCE PRACTICES ......... 72-30-00
Compressor Assembly Replacement ....................................................... 201
Removal ............................................................................. 201
Installation ........................................................................... 204
Determining Compressor Mounting Shim Thickness Requirements .......................... 206
Compressor Case Replacement ............................................................ 207
Removal (Compressor Case Top Half) ................................................... 207
Installation (Compressor Case Top Half) ................................................. 210
Removal (Compressor Case Bottom Half) ................................................ 210
Installation (Compressor Case Bottom Half) .............................................. 210
Compressor Front Bearing and/or Oil Seal Replacement (Engine Removed) ..................... 213
Removal ............................................................................. 213
Installation ........................................................................... 215
Compressor Front Bearing and/or Oil Seal Replacement (Engine Installed) ...................... 217
Removal and Installation ............................................................... 217
Inspection/Check ......................................................................... 217
Diffuser Vent Orifice Inspection ......................................................... 217
Blade and Vane Inspection ............................................................. 217
BladeDamage ........................................................................ 219
VaneDamage ........................................................................ 222
Case amd Vane Abradable Seal Coating Inspection ....................................... 225
Compressor Front Support Inspection ................................................... 225
CompressorCleaning ..................................................................... 225
Water Rinse.. ........................................................................ 225
Cleaning Compressor Blading .......................................................... 228
Cleaning BleedValve.. ................................................................ 229
Preservation .......................................................................... 231

72-CONTENTS
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f---T
CAUTION: WHILE CONSIDERABLE LABORATORY DATA IS AVAILABLE TO DEMONSTRATE
THE COMPATIBILITY OF ONE SYNTHETIC TURBINE OIL WITH OTHER TURBINE
OILS MEETING THE SAME SPECIFICATION (EXPERIENCE ALSO DEMONSTRATES
THIS PROPERTY), THE INDISCRIMINATE MIXING OF APPROVED OILS DURING
THE OPERATIONAL USE OF THE OIL IS NOT RECOMMENDED. HOWEVER, THERE
MAY BE CIRCUMSTANCES WHERE EMERGENCY TOP-OFF, INADVERTENT
MIXING, OR CHANGEOVER BY TOP-OFF TO ANOTHER BRAND MAY OCCUR.
THESE ARE ACCEPTED PRACTICES.
CAUTION: REMOVE AND INSPECT THE OIL FILTER AFTER THE FIRST 25 HOURS OF ENGINE
OPERATION IF THE TYPE OF OIL (MIL-PRF-7808, MIL-PRF-236!39, OR
DOD-85734) IS CHANGED. REPEAT THE FILTER INSPECTION EACH 25 HOURS AS
REQUIRED UNTIL EXCESSIVE CARBON PARTICLE ACCUMULATION SUBSIDES.
CAUTION: THE FILTER INSPECTION IS TO DETERMINE IF COKE, WHICH WAS FORMED
DURING PREVIOUS OPERATION, IS BEING DISLODGED DURING THE FIRST
OPERATION FOLLOWING THE OIL CHANGE.
CAUTION: IF HEAVY CARBON DEPOSITS ARE OBSERVED ON THE ENGINE FILTER, IT IS
SUGGESTED THAT THE ENGINE OIL BE CHANGED AGAIN. THE OIL IS TO BE
DRAINED WHEN THE OIL IS HOT TO OBTAIN THE MAXIMUM BENEFIT. THE 25
HOUR OIL MONITORING IS TO CONTINUE UNTIL THE NEXT OIL CHANGE PERIOD.
CAUTION: USE OF OILS WHICH ARE NOT INCLUDED IN THE APPROVED OILS LISTING, OR
FAILURE TO DRAIN OIL WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED INTERVAL GIVEN IN TABLE 604,
72-00-00, ENGINE-INSPECTION/CHECK WILL BE CONSIDERED AS MISUSE
UNDER ITEM (4) OF THE WARRANTY POLICY.
C. Oil Specification
The 250 series engines are qualified and certified for use with only certain MIL--PRF-7808G and
subsequent, MIL-PRF-23699 series and DOD-85734 series lubricating oils. Vendor brands of
MIL-PRF-7808 series, MIL-PRF-23699 series and DOD-85734 series lubricating oils which have
been engine tested and approved for use in the Model 250 engine are listed PARA C.(2), Approved
Oils. Refer to PARA C.(l), Cold Weather Lubrication, for the type of oil recommended at specific
temperatures.
-.NOTE. Because of availability, reduced coking and better lubricating qualities at high
temperatures, MIL-PRF-23699 oils are preferred for use in Model 250 engines.
NOTE.
-a Check the aircraft oil quantity within 15 minutes of engine shutdown to avoid a false
indication of excessive oil consumption. If the 15 minutes has been exceeded, motor the
engine for 30 seconds with the starter before checking tank quantity. Motoring normally
scavenges oil from the gearbox back to the aircraft oil tank. Check the airframe flight
manual; some installations may require the engine to be operated for at least a minute at
ground idle to assure proper scavenging of the engine gearbox.
NOTE: Always refer to the airframe flight manual for proper oil servicing instructions; specific
requirements may vary for different models.
(1) Cold Weather Lubrication
The types of oil recommended at specific ambient temperatures are as follows:
32F (0C) and above MIL-PRF-23699C or subsequent preferred
32F (0C) to -40F (-40C) MIL-PRF-23699C or subsequent preferred or
MIL-PRF-7808G or subsequent
-40F (-40%) and below MIL-PRF-7808G or subsequent only
-40F (-40C) to 275F (135C) DOD-85734

72-00-00
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RELATIONSHIPOF TORQUESENSOROIL PRESSURE


110
(758)
100
(6W

I i i
I

. I I.
I I I I I I

100 140 160 220 260 300 340 380 420 460
(75) (104) (134) (164) (194 (224) (254 (263) (313) (343)
SHAFT POWER hp (kW)
Torquesensor Oil Pressure and Shaft Power Relationship
Figure 14
D. Oil Pressure
If the oil pressure is not within the following limits refer to Table 101, Troubleshooting.
(1) 94% N1 speed and above 120-l 30 psig (872-896 kPag)
(2) 85 to 94% Nt speed 90-l 30 psig (621-896 kPag)
(3) Below 85% N1 speed 50-130 psig (345-896 kPag)
(4) During start A positive indication must be obtained
when 59% N1 (idle) is reached.
NOTE. When operating in propeller beta control range the minimum limits can be 15 psig
- (103 kPag) lower.
NOTE: During cold weather operation, 150 psig (1034 kPag) main oil pressure is allowable
following an engine start. When the 130 psig (896 kPag) limit is exceeded operate engine
at minimum power until normal oil pressure limits are attained.
-.NOTE. If the engine has been operated with less than the required oil pressure, except for
momentary fluctuation, inspect the oil system in accordance with Low Oil Pressure
Operation, PARA lO.C., 72-00-00. Enaine-Servicina.

72-00-00
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(1) Normal Setting


Start the engine as follows:
(a) Position the condition lever at FUEL OFF-FEATHER and turn all switdhes off.
(b) Turn on the aircraft switches required to provide fuel to the engine.
NOTE: It is recommended that residual TOT be no more than 302F (15015) when the
throttle is opened and light off is attempted. Residual TOT can be reduced by
motoring the engine with the starter. If high ambient conditions are encountered
and the TOT cannot be reduced to 302F (15OC), motor the engine until TOT is
stabilized before opening the throttle. Closely monitor TOT during .the start.
(c) Place the power lever at the GROUND IDLE position.
CAUTION: DURING A START THE CONDITION LEVER MUST NEVER BE AIDVANCED
OUT OF THE FUEL OFF-FEATHER POSITION UNTIL AFTER THE
STARTER AND IGNITION EXCITER HAVE BEEN ENERGIZED AND THE
DESIRED CRANKING SPEED HAS BEEN ATTAINED. TO DO SO MIGHT
RESULT IN AN EXPLOSIVE LIGHTOFF OR AN OVER-TEMPERATURE
START.
CAUTION: AN ENGINE FIRE, WITH THE RESULTANT FLAME EMANATING FROM THE
TAILPIPE, CAN OCCUR DURING START IF THE COMBUSTION CHAMBER
BECOMES OVERLOADED WITH FUEL BEFORE IGNITION TAKES PLACE.
TO EXTINGUISH THE FIRE, CONTINUE TO MOTOR THE ENGINIE USING
THE STARTER, WITH THE CONDITION LEVER FULLY CLOSED AND THE
MAIN FUEL SWITCH OFF. REFER TO GROUND SHUTDOWN, PARA 7.J.,
THIS SECTION, FOR THE RECOMMENDED ACTION IF AN ENGINE FIRE IS
ENCOUNTERED DURING SHUTDOWN.
F-T
CAUTION: MONITOR OIL PRESSURE DURING START. DAMAGE TO ENGINE ROTOR
BEARINGS CAN RESULT IF A POSITIVE INDICATION OF OIL PRESSURE
IS NOT OBTAINED BY THE TIME IDLE SPEED IS REACHED.
(d) Energize the starter motor and ignition exciter.
(e) As N1 rpm accelerates through 12-l 5% N,, move the condition lever to the maximum
(100% propeller speed) position to begin fuel flow.
-.NOTE. Do not wait for N1 peak out. Introduce fuel immediately upon reaching desired
N1 speed. Delay in moving the condition lever to the maximum position may
diminish battery capacity early in the start cycle.
CAUTION: THE IGNITION EXCITER IS QUALIFIED FOR CONTINUOUS DUTY
OPERATION. HOWEVER, USE OF THE IGNITION SYSTEM ON .A
CONTINUOUS BASIS IS NOT RECOMMENDED BECAUSE OF
DEGRADATION OF THE SPARK IGNITER.
CAUTION: IF THE PROPELLER IS NOT ROTATING BY 25% N,, SPEED, ABORT THE
START. A SECOND OR THIRD START ATTEMPT MAY BE MADE. IF THE
CONDITION STILL EXISTS, REFER TO TROUBLESHOOTING TABLE 101.
CAUTION: IF PROPELLER UNFEATHERING DOES NOT BEGIN BY THE TIME N,
REACHES THE STABILIZED SPEED, SHUT DOWN THE ENGINE.
(f) De-energize the starter and ignition exciter when 58% N1 speed is reached. The start is
completed when a stabilized N1 speed of 59-65% is reached. Completion of the start
normally occurs 15-45 seconds after moving the condition lever to the maximum position.
A positive indication of oil pressure must be obtained by this point in the start. If it is not,
shut down the engine and check to be sure that oil is available at the power and
accessories gearbox inlet. Monitor the measured gas temperature; do not exceed the
limits of Table 6. Propeller unfeathering will automatically occur during the engine start
transient.

72-00-00
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Table 301 (cant)

Material Acceptable Source

16 Grease (cant) Lubricate packings in fuel Alternates to ASTM No. 5 Oil:


control fuel or air passages 1. 45-55% fuel (MIL-C--7024B,
(cant) Type II) mixed with 45-
55% STP Oil Treatment
2. MIL-D-6081, Grade 1010
oil

Fuel pump and fuel control Plastilube No. 3


drive shafts Warren Refining Division
Parr Inc.
5151 Denison Ave.
Cleveland, Ohio 44102

17 Anti-seize P, filter threads and exter- DC 550 Fluid


nal threads-protects up to Dow Corning Corp.
232C (450F) South Saginaw Road
Midland, Michigan 48641

Hot section external Never Seez Nickel Special (NS165)


threads, compressor tie Bostik, Emhatt Chemical Group
bolt (not to be used where Boston Street
exposed to the engine oil Middleton, MA 01949
system)
External threads not ex- CP-63 (MIL-L-25681 B)
posed to oil system. Pro- E/M Lubricants Inc.
tects to 760C (1400F) P.O. Box 2200
Highway 52, N.W.
West Lafayette, Indiana 47906
18 Calibration fluid Cleaning fuel nozzle tips Stoddard solvent, refined kerosene
(MIL-F-7024, type II) 300-400 of
boiling range.
19 Corrosion compound Inhibiting fingerprint corro- Non-Rust X-21 0
sion Daubert Chemical Co., inc.
4700 S. Central Ave.
Chicago, Illinois 60038

20 Weld rod First-stage turbine nozzle X-40 (EMS 70175) or alternate


Haynes 188 (AMS 5801)
20 Engine gray enamel Combustion liner and ex- AISI 349, (29-9 W MO).
haust collector support (MIL-R-5031, class 6) (AMS 5784).
Turbine and exhaust col- Hastelloy W (AMS 5786)
lector, struts (MIL-R-5031 class 12)
21 Engine gray enamel Gearbox touch-up Actithane WC1 00 paint and Lacquer
Reducer H251
Saran Protective Coatings Co.
17332 Shields
Detroit, Michigan 48212
22 Petrolatum Metallic seal and bearing Commercial
installation

72-00-00
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(1) Drain the engine oil supply tank and engine oil cooler. Where the installation permits, inspect
the oil tank and cooler for carbon and sludge deposits. If deposits are found, remove the oil
tank or oil cooler in accordance with the aircraft manufacturers recommendations. Clean the
tank or cooler using a suitable solvent.
(2) Remove the magnetic drain plugs from the power and accessory gearbox. Allow residual oil to
drain from the magnetic plug openings in the gearbox. inspect the plugs in accordance with
Magnetic Plug Inspection, para 1O.H., this section. Clean the plugs with solvent. Dry with a
clean cloth.
(3) If an accumulation of magnetic particles, debris, chips, flakes or slivers are the cause for oil
change, remove, disassemble, clean and inspect the oil pressure reducer at the compressor
front support inlet to the number one bearing. (Refer to para 3., 72-30-00.)
(4) Remove the oil filter and packing from the filter housing. Discard the packing. Thoroughly
clean the oil filter cavity of all residual oil and sludge. Take the necessary precautions to
prevent residual oil from entering the engine cavity or standpipe. Clean the oil filter. (Refer to
Oil Filter Replacement, para 1 .C., 72-60-00.)
(5) Remove and clean the external scavenge oil filter (if installed). Refer to the applicable
airframe manual for cleaning instructions.
-.NOTE. Some engine bearings feature silver-plated separators. If minute silver particles are
found in the engine oil filter, clean and reinstall the filter. These minute particles are
due to normal bearing wear and are not cause for further corrective action.
(6) Install the magnetic drain plugs. Use new packings lubricated with engine oil. Tighten plugs to
60-80 lb in. (6.8-9.0 N.m) and secure with lockwire.
(7) Install new or cleaned oil filter with new packing. Install the filter cap with a new packing which
has been lubricated with engine oil. Retain cap with two nuts and washers. Tighten nuts to
30-40 lb in. (3.4-4.5 N.m).
WARNING: ONLY DISCRETIONARY MIXING OF OILS WITHIN AN OIL SERIES IS
PERMITTED WITHOUT TIME PENALTY. USE OF MIXED OILS FROM
DIFFERENT SERIES IN AN ENGINE IS LIMITED TO FIVE HOlJRS TOTAL
RUNNING TIME DURING ONE OVERHAUL PERIOD. ADEQUATE
MAINTENANCE RECORDS MUST BE MAINTAINED TO ENSURE THAT THE FIVE
HOUR LIMIT IS NOT EXCEEDED. FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH OIL MIXING
RESTRICTIONS CAN RESULT IN ENGINE FAILURE.
WARNING: FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH OIL MIXING RESTRICTIONS CAN RESULT IN
ENGINE FAILURE.
(8) Fill the oil supply tank with approved oil.(Refer to Approved Oils, 4.C.(2), 72-00-00,
Engine-Description and Operation.) (Refer to Airframe Manual for proper quantity of oil.)
(9) Motor the engine with the starter and without ignition until an indication of oil pressure is
attained. When pressure is evidenced, start the engine and operate at Idle for five minutes.
Monitor oil pressure continuously during the five minute run.
(10) Note the oil change in the Engine Log book.

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CAUTION: OPERATORS ARE TO MONITOR THE OIL FILTER EACH 25 HOURS OF OPERATION -
FOLLOWING A CHANGE FROM MIL-L-7808 OIL TO MIL-L-23699, OR FROM
MIL-L-23699 TO MIL-L-7808. THIS IS TO BE DONE TO DETERMINE IF COKE,
WHICH WAS FORMED DURING PREVIOUS OPERATION WITH EITHER MIL-L-7808
OIL OR MIL-L-23699, IS BECOMING DISLODGED DURING PRESENT OPERATION
FOLLOWING THE OIL CHANGE. IF HEAVY OIL DEPOSITS ARE OBSERVED ON
THE ENGINE FILTER, IT IS SUGGESTED THAT THE ENGINE OIL BE CHANGED
AGAIN. THE OIL IS TO BE DRAINED WHEN THE OIL IS HOT TO OBTAIN THE
MAXIMUM BENEFIT. THE 25-HOUR OIL MONITORING IS TO CONTINUE UNTIL THE
NEXT OIL CHANGE PERIOD.

CAUTION: USE OF OILS WHICH ARE NOT INCLUDED IN THE APPROVED OIL LISTING (PARA
4.C., 72-00-00 ENGINE-DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION) OR FAILURE TO DRAIN
OIL WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED INTERVAL GIVEN IN TABLE 602 WILL BE
CONSIDERED AS MISUSE UNDER ITEM (4) OF THE WARRANTY POLICY.

i G. Emergency Oil Mix

CAUTION: REMOVE AND INSPECT THE OIL FILTER EACH 25 HOURS OF ENGINE
OPERATION IF THE TYPE OF OIL (MIL-L-7808, MIL-L-23699 OR DOD-85734)
IS CHANGED.

CAUTION: THE FILTER INSPECTION IS TO DETERMINE IF COKE, WHICH WAS FORMED


DURING PREVIOUS OPERATION, IS BEING DISLODGED DURING THE INITIAL
OPERATION FOLLOWING THE OIL CHANGE.

CAUTION: IF HEAVY CARBON DEPOSITS ARE OBSERVED ON THE ENGINE FILTER, IT IS


SUGGESTED THAT THE ENGINE OIL BE CHANGED AGAIN. THE OIL IS TO BE
DRAINED WHEN THE OIL IS HOT TO OBTAIN THE MAXIMUM BENEFIT. THE
2%HOUR OIL MONITORING IS TO CONTINUE UNTIL THE NEXT OIL CHANGE
PERIOD.

CAUTION: USE OF OILS WHICH ARE NOT INCLUDED IN THE APPROVED OILS LISTING
(PARA 4.C.(2)., 72-00-00, ENGINE-DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION) OR
FAILURE TO DRAIN OIL WITHIN THE PRESCRIBED INTERVAL GIVEN IN TABLE
602,72-00-00, ENGINEINSPECTIONCHECK WILL BE CONSIDERED AS
MISUSE UNDER ITEM (4) OF THE WARRANTY POLICY.

The emergency use of mixed oils (oils not in the same series; refer to para 4.C., 72-00-00,
Engine-Description and Operation) is limited to five hours running time. Following an emergency
use of mixed oils, drain the system and clean the filter. (Refer to Oil Filter Replacement, para 1 .C.,
72-60-00.) Thoroughly flush the system with engine oil while motoring the engine. Drain and refill
with approved oil in accordance with Oil Change, para 1O.E., this section.

H. Cleaning

Clean the lubrication system as follows:

(1) Clean the oil filter element and filter cavity in accordance with Oil Filter, para 1 .C., 72-60-00.

(2) Remove and clean the magnetic drain plug on the forward side of the power and accessory
gearbox. (Refer to para 1O.H., this section.) While the magnetic plug is removed, motor the
engine with the starter and without ignition long enough to allow one to two ounces (30-59
milliliters) of oil to flow from the opening. Observe flow for restriction and/or for extent of oil
contamination. Motoring flushes residual carbon particles from the power and accessory
gearbox. Reinstall magnetic drain plug; tighten to 60-80 lb in. (6.8-9.0 N.m) and secure with
lockwire.

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Table 601 (cant)

Item 3. Compressor Blades and Vanes

e. Any time the aircraft has been operated in an atmosphere known (or suspected) to be
corrosive, perform a water rinse of the compressor. (Refer to Compressor Cleaning,
PARA !%A., 72-30-00.)
f. inspect for obvious foreign object damage.

Item 4 & 5. Accessory and propeller reduction gearbox

cl. If a warning light is received, inspect and clean the magnetic drain plugs. (Refer to
PARA lO.H., 72-00-00, Engine-Servicing.)

Item 6. Oil Supply

h. Check oil supply level. Check the impending oil filter bypass indicator.

NOTE.
-- It is possible for the impending oil bypass indicator to extend during a start,
before the oil has warmed, and give an erroneous indication of a dirty oil filter.
If the impending bypass filter indicator is extended, run the engine until the oil
is at operative temperature and push the indicator button in. If the button
remains in throughout the normal speed range of the engine, the filter does
not require cleaning/ changing.

i. Check oil quantity immediately after shutdown (before oil has had time to drain into the
gearbox.)

Item 7. Fuel System, General

j. Check the accessible fuel system components, lines, and connections for evidence of
insecurity or leakage. Accomplish with the boost pump on if available.

Item 8. Electrical

k. Inspect electrical harness (250-Bi 7F/l only) for loose, chafed, frayed or broken wires
and loose connectors.
I. Inspect ignition lead for burning, chafing, or cracking of conduit and for loose connec-
tors. Inspect for broken lockwire.
m. Inspect start counter for proper operation (increase in count) and for loose, chafed,
frayed or broken wires and loose connectors.

B. Scheduled Inspections
Scheduled inspections are made at periodic intervals in an effort to prevent engine malfunction and
serve in the role of preventive maintenance for the engine. The component to be inspected, the
nature of the inspection, and the elapsed time after which the inspection is to be performed are
given in the Inspection Checksheet, Table 602. The inspection times are hours of engine operation.

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Table 602 (cant)

Inspection/Maintenance Action Reference

300 Hour Inspection (cant)

CAUTION: INSPECTION FREQUENCY SHALL BE BASED


ON THE NATURE OF THE EROSIVE AND/OR
CORROSIVE ENVIRONMENT. THIS ENVIRON-
MENT MAY DICTATE A MORE FREQUENT IN
SPECTION INTERVAL. IN NO CASE SHOULD
THE INSPECTION INTERVAL EXCEED 300
HOURS OR 6 MONTHS.

30 Inspect the compressor case when operating in an erosive PARA 1 C.(9),


and/or corrosive environment. this Sectiorl

CAUTION: WHEN THERE IS EVIDENCE THAT THE FUEL


PUMP FILTER HAS BEEN BYPASSED, THE GAS
PRODUCER FUEL CONTROL INLET FILTER,
THE FUEL NOZZLE FILTER, THE GOVERNOR
FILTER AND THE HIGH PRESSURE FUEL FIL-
TER, IF APPLICABLE, MUST BE CLEANED. (RE-
FER TO SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS, TABLE 603)
IF ANY CONTAMINATION IS FOUND IN THE
FUEL NOZZLE FILTER, THIS WILL REQUIRE
THAT THE FUEL CONTROL BE SENT TO AN AU-
THORIZED REPAIR FACILITY FOR INTERNAL
CLEANING. REFERENCE MUST ALSO BE
MADE TO THE AIRFRAME MAINTENANCE
MANUAL FOR FUEL SYSTEM MAINTENANCE
FOLLOWING FUEL CONTAMINATION.

31 f the aircraft is equipped with an engine fuel filter differential PARA 1 .F.,
lressure warning system, replace the throw-away filter only 73-l O-01
when an indication of contamination is obtained or every 300
iours, whichever comes first. If the aircraft is not equipped
with a differential pressure warning system, replace the fuel
ilter every 300 hours unless operating experience demon-
;trates that smaller time increments are advisable.

32 Perform a fuel pump bypass valve operational check whenever PARA 1 .D.,
a fuel filter is replaced. 73-l o-o 1

33 Purge air from the filter bowl area of the single element pump. PARA 2.F.,
73-00-00

34 Inspect and clean the fuel nozzle. If no airframe mounted fuel PARA 2.A.,
filter is installed, inspect the fuel nozzle filter. PARA 3.A.,
73-l O-03

35 Inspect and clean the No. 1 bearing oil pressure reducer. PARA 3.A.(2),
72-30-00

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Table 602 (cant)

item Inspection/Maintenance Action Reference Initial

300 Hour Inspection (cent)

36 Visually inspect turbine external sump. Clean internal carbo- PARA 6.E.(4),
nous deposits from sump. 72-50-00

37 Inspect the power turbine support scavenge strut. Clean inter- Para 6.E.,
nal carbonous deposits from strut. 72-50-00

38 Remove, clean and inspect PC filter every 300 hours or earlier PARA 2.A.,
as engine performance dictates. 73-20-03

Other Scheduled Inspections

600 HR Make an installation rotating balance of the engine and propel- PARA 1 .C.(12), 72-00-00
ler assembly at intervals not to exceed 600 hours. Engine-Inspection/Check

600 HR Perform scavenge oil filter impending bypass function check N/A
per Facet Service Bulletin No. 090589 (ref. Rolls-Royce TP
CSL 2017) for aircraft equipped with this type of external scav-
enge filter system.

NOTE: This inspection is not required for Argo-Tech (TRW)


fuel pumps or Sundstrand fuel pumps P/N 23003114
and subsequent.

inspection shall consist of gas producer turbine rotor replace-


ment and inspection of assembled components by a Rolls-
Royce Authorized Maintenance Center (AMC). It is the re-
sponsibility of the operator to assure that the total time and
cycle life limits of specific parts listed in Engine-Description
and Operation, Tables 8,9 and 10,72-00-00 are not exceed-

C. Special Inspections

Special inspections are required when the engine has been subjected to abnorrnal operating
conditions, when engine damage is suspected, or when associated parts are removed from the
engine. The special occurrence, the component or system to be inspected, and the nature of the
inspection are given in Table 603.

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Table 603 (cant)

item Occurrence Component or Svstem Required


Actiorl *

18 Oil spray on first-stage wheel Turbine U

19 Oil System contamination Oil System ah, ai, aj

Propeller/Power turbine governor ay

NOTE.
-- When the oil system is contaminated with carbon or metallic
particles, this inspection is not required if the engine has a
valid STC (Supplemental Type Certificate) or aircraft
manufacturer approved external scavenge oil filter which has
not bypassed.

20 Engine operated for more than 30 Oil System ajl


seconds without oil pressure
21 Engine inactive more than 5 days Compressor n

22 Engine inactive more than 45 days Oil system ak


Fuel system av
23 As dictated by performance Fuel control P, filter ar
System P, filter as
24 Vibration Compressor m
Gearbox ab
25 Engine submerged while in opera- Compressor h
tion Turbine S

26 On Condition Inspection Power and accessory gearbox ac

27 Known or suspected lightning Engine, general e


strike on aircraft Propeller general e
Propeller/Power turbine governor ay

I
_ 28 First 50 hours of operation on Oil system all
new, repaired, or overhauled Oil filter an
engine
29 Fuel Control System maintenance Fuel System avl
30 Fuel System Contamination Fuel pump ap, aq, at
(known high amounts of particles Fuel control
or microbiologicals) Fuel nozzle
* The letter designations in the Required Action column refer to the applicable Description of Inspection.
I

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Table 603 (cant)

item Occurrence Component or Svstem Required


Action *
--

Description of Inspections

Engine, Gene Nral


a. Any time the engine is removed from the aircraft, inspect the compressor inlet for for-
eign object damage or condition. Clean and flush all aircraft drain lines. Wash ,the
outside of the engine with mineral spirits. Touch up paint where peeling or chipping is
evident. (Refer to Corrosion Treatment and Surface Finish Repair, PARA 2.,
72-00-00, Engine-Cleaning/Painting.)
b. After a hard landing, inspect the complete engine. (Refer to Hard Landing Limits,
PARA 1 .C.(3), this Section.)
C. After sudden stoppage of the propeller due to striking an object, inspect the engine
mounts for security, cracks, or misalignment. Motor the engine and check for unusual
noise. (Refer to Sudden Stoppage Inspection, PARA 1 .C.(4), this Section.)
d. Purge trapped air from the propeller oil system and subject the engine to reverse pro-
peller operation on the ground prior to the first flight anytime the propeller or the engine
has been replaced. (Refer to Propeller Check Run, PARA 1 .D., 72-00-00, Engine-Ad-
justment/Test.)
e. After a known or suspected lightening strike on the aircraft, inspect/repair the propeller
in accordance with applicable propeller service instructions. If evidence of a strike is
found on the propeller, inspect the complete engine. (Refer to Lightening Strike Inspec-
tion, PARA 1 .C.(7), this Section.)

Rigid Tubes
f. Inspect rigid tubes any time they are removed. Replace tube if any cracks (dye check)
are detected or if the tube has kinks or dents which could affect seating or integrity.
(Refer to PARA 7., 72-00-00, Engine-Servicing.)
Compressor

9 After engine operation with inlet air restricted due to foreign objects, replace the com-
pressor. (Refer to Compressor Inlet Air Blockage, PARA 1 .C.(5), this Section.)
h. If the engine is submerged in water while in operation, return the complete engine to an
overhaul facility for replacement of all compressor and turbine wheels. (Refer to En-
gine Submerged While in Operation, PARA 1 .C.(6), this Section.)
i. After engine operation in snow, ice, or water, inspect the compressor inlet (without dis-
assembly of engine parts) for damage due to ingestion of snow or ice buildup. (Refer
to PARA 1 .C.(lO), this Section.)

j. After sudden stoppage of the propeller due to striking an object, inspect the compres-
sor inlet for foreign object damage. (Refer to Sudden Stoppage Inspection, PARA
1 .C.(4), this Section.)

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Table 603 (cant)

item Occurrence Component or System Required


Action *

k. After suspected foreign object damage, inspect the compressor rotor blades and stator
vanes. (Refer to PARA 4.C. and 4.D., 72-30-00.)
I. After engine operation in an erosive environment, inspect compressor bliades, vanes,
and case coating for erosion damage. (Refer to Erosion Inspection, PARA 1 .C.(9), this
Section.
NOTE. If the aircraft is subjected to sand or dust ingestion, periodic compressor
--- erosion inspection is recommended. The frequency of the inspection should
be based on the frequency and degree of ingestion and condition of the
compressor at the last inspection. Experience has shown that the bottom
half of the compressor case is more prone to erosion.
m. If cracks are detected in the scroll at the anti-ice valve; or if vibration is suspected, in-
spect for possible vibration causes. (Refer to Vibration Inspection, PARA 1 .C.(2),
72-00-00, this Section.)
n. If the engine will be shut down for more than five calendar days, preserve the compres-
sor. (Refer to PARA 11 .E., 72-00-00, Engine/Servicing.)
Anti-icing Valve

0. Any time the compressor is removed from the engine, inspect the antiicng air valve for
wear or damage. (Refer to PARA 3., 75-1 O-01 .)
Turbine

After suspected foreign object damage, inspect the first-stage turbine blades and
vanes. (Refer to PARA 6.A., 72-50-00.)

q- After engine operation at temperature exceeding the operating limits requiring turbine
inspection in Table 6, 72-00-00, inspect the firststage turbine wheel in accordance with
Inspection/Check, PARA 6.A., 72-50-00, inspect the first-stage turbine nozzle in ac-
cordance with Items 1 and 2, Table 201, 72-50-00, and inspect the combustion liner in
accordance with Table 201, 72-40-00. Record temperature and duration in the Engine
Log Book.

-.NOTE. If either the first-stage turbine wheel or first-stage nozzle is rejected because
of over-temperature, the complete turbine (gas producer and power turbine)
must be removed and sent to an authorized Rolls-Royce Overhaul Facility for
inspection.
r. After exceeding the starting temperature limits of Table 6, 72-00-00, where turbine in-
spection is the recommended action, inspect the firststage turbine wheel in accordance
with Inspection/Check, PARA 6.A., 72-50-00, inspect the first-stage turbine nozzle in
accordance with Items 1 and 2, Table 201, 72-50-00, and inspect the combustion liner
in accordance with Table 201, 72-40-00. (Refer to Inspection/Check, Hot Start Inspec-
tion, PARA 1 .C.(8).) Record temperature and duration in the Engine Log Book.
NOTE: If either the first-stage turbine wheel or first-stage nozzle is rejected because
of over-temperature, the complete turbine (gas producer and power turbine)
must be removed and sent to an authorized Rolls-Royce Overhaul Facility for
inspection.

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Table 603 (cant)


, ----.

item Occurrence Component or Svstem Required


Action *
___-

Magnetic Drain Plugs


ad. After sudden stoppage of the propeller due to striking a stationary object, inspect the
magnetic plugs for metal accumulation. (Refer to Sudden Stoppage Inspection, PARA
1 .C.(4), this Section and Magnetic Plug Inspection, PARA 1 O.H., 72-00-00 Engine-
Servicing.

Oil System
ae. Drain oil from the system and refill using the oils specified in Approved Oils, PARA
4.C.(2), 72-00-00, Engine-Description and Operation. Remove, clean, and reinstall
the oil filter at each oil change.

af. Clean/replace oil cooler, lines and tank as require by airframe manufacturer or when
heavy carbon deposits are noted in the engine lubrication system.

w If contamination of the lubrication system is suspected, remove the magnetic drain plug
and flush the cup area of the propeller reduction gearbox and flush the external sump
can prior to refilling the oil system.

ah. Clean or replace the engine/scavenge oil filter(s), oil cooler, lines, tank and propeller
cylinder when heavy carbon deposits are found in the engine oil system. Consult the
airframe or propeller manufacturers publications for instructions to perform this work.
ai. Clean or replace the engine oil filter, oil cooler, lines, tank and propeller cylinder follow-
ing oil system contamination. Clean the propeller cylinder prior to engine or propeller
installation. When oil groups are mixed or changed, clean the propeller cylinder before
refilling the oil system. Consult the airframe or propeller manufacturers publications for
instructions to perform this work.

aj. Flush the engine oil system following suspected or known contamination of the oil.
Drain the oil system and service the oil tank with approved oil. Run the engine for 15
minutes at Idle speed or until the oil has reached normal operating temperature. Drain
the oil system. Clean or replace the engine/scavenge oil filter(s) and service the oil
tank with an approved oil prior to flight.
ajl. Any time the engine is operated for more than 30 seconds without oil pressure, nnainte-
nance action is required. (Refer to Engine-Servicing, Engine Operated With No Oil
Pressure, PARA 1O.Cl., 72-00-00.)

ak. If engine is inactive for more than 45 days, preserve oil system in accordance with oil
system preservation, PARA 11 .B., 72-00-00, Engine-Servicing.
al. Any time the engine oil temperature limit has been exceeded, take the appropriate
maintenance action given in Oil Temperature Limit Exceeded, PARA 1O.B., 72-00-00,
Engine-Servicing.)
all. After 50 hours of operation or if chip indication occurs within the first 50 hours on a
new, repaired or overhauled engine, check the oil filter(s) and magnetic chip plugs for
contamination. Also, if decreased oil pressure is noticed during operation, check the

I
engine oil filter(s) for contamination at that time. If debris is found, proceed as follows:

1. Drain engine and airframe oil systems. Pay particular attention for any metallic
debris in the oil. Swab the oil tank and note any foreign material.

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Table 603 (cant)

item Occurrence Comoonent or Svstem Required


Action *

Oil System, all. (cant)


2. Flush the engine oil system and clean the main and scavenge oil filters.
3. Flush the airframe oil system including oil coolers (refer to applicable airframe
manual).
4. Reinstall filters and fill the cavity with fresh oil. Fill the oil tank with fresh oil.

5. Perform 30-minute ground run at power observing cockpit gauges, ,warning lights
and caution panel for normal condition. Check indicated oil level wii:hin 15 minutes
after shutdown.
6. After ground run, remove and inspect main and scavenge oil filters and magnetic
chip plugs. If no accumulated debris is present, release aircraft for flight. During
the next 30 hours of operation, check engine oil filters and magnetic chip plugs at
approximately 1O-hour intervals to determine if additional debris has accumulated.
If debris is present, follow instructions for magnetic chip plug inspection procedure.
Oil Filter

am. At each oil change, remove, clean, and reinstall the oil filter. (Refer to Oil Filter, PARA
1 .C., 72-60-00.)
an. After 50 hours of operation or if chip indication occurs within the first 50 hours on a
new, repaired or overhauled engine, check the oil filter(s) and magnetic chip plugs for
contamination. Also, if decreased oil pressure is noticed during operation, check the
engine oil filter(s) for contamination at that time. If debris is found, proceed as follows:

1. Drain engine and airframe oil systems. Pay particular attention for any metallic
debris in the oil. Swab the oil tank and note any foreign material.
2. Flush the engine oil system and clean the main and scavenge oil filters.

3. Flush the airframe oil system including oil coolers (refer to applicable airframe
manual).
4. Reinstall filters and fill the cavity with fresh oil. Fill the oil tank with fresh oil.

5. Perform 30-minute ground run at power observing cockpit gauges, warning lights
and caution panel for normal condition. Check indicated oil level within 15 minutes
after shutdown.
6. After ground run, remove and inspect main and scavenge oil filters and magnetic
chip plugs. If no accumulated debris is present, release aircraft for flight. During
the next 30 hours of operation, check engine oil filters and magnetic chip plugs at
approximately 1 O-hour intervals to determine if additional debris has accumulated.
If debris is present, follow instructions for magnetic chip plug inspection procedure.
Turbine Pressure Oil System Check Valve
ao. Any time the turbine is removed from the engine, clean and inspect the check valve.

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Table 603 (cant)

item Occurrence Component or Svstem Requiired


Action *
--

Fuel Pump Filter


CAUTION: WHEN THERE IS EVIDENCE THAT THE FUEL PUMP FILTER HAS BEEN
BYPASSED, THE GAS PRODUCER FUEL CONTROL INLET FILTER, THE FUEL
NOZZLE FILTER, THE GOVERNOR FILTER AND THE HIGH PRESSURE FUEL
FILTER, IF APPLICABLE, MUST BE CLEANED. (REFER TO SPECIAL
INSPECTIONS, TABLE 603) IF ANY CONTAMINATION IS FOUND IN THE FUEIL
NOZZLE FILTER, THIS WILL REQUIRE THAT THE FUEL CONTROL BE SENT -ro AN
OVERHAUL/REPAIR FACILITY FOR INTERNAL CLEANING. REFERENCE MUST
ALSO BE MADE TO THE AIRFRAME MAINTENANCE MANUAL FOR FUEL SYSTEM
MAINTENANCE FOLLOWING FUEL CONTAMINATION.

w. If the aircraft is equipped with an engine fuel filter differential pressure warning system,
the fuel filter need be changed only when an indication of filter contamination is ob-
tained. If the aircraft is not equipped with an engine fuel filter differential pressure
warning system, replace the fuel filter every 300 hours unless operating experience
demonstrates that smaller time increments are advisable.
Fuel Control Filter

CAUTION: IF THE FUEL CONTROL FILTER SHOWS EVIDENCE OF CONTAMINATION,


RETURN THE FUEL CONTROL TO AN AUTHORIZED MAINTENANCE FACILITY FOR
CLEANING AND INSPECTION AND INSPECT THE FUEL NOZZLE FILTER FOFt
CONTAMINATION. IF CONTAMINATION IS FOUND ON THE FILTER, RETURN THE
FUEL NOZZLE TO AN AUTHORIZED FACILITY FOR CLEANING AND TESTING.
REFERENCE MUST ALSO BE MADE TO THE AIRFRAME MAINTENANCE MANUAL
FOR FUEL SYSTEM MAINTENANCE FOLLOWING FUEL CONTAMINATION.

aq. Any time fuel pump filter bypass is known or suspected to have taken place, inspect
and if required, clean the fuel filter in the gas producer fuel control. (Refer to Cleaning
the Gas Producer Fuel Control Fuel Filter, PARA 4.A., 73-20-02.)
Fuel Control Airflow Restrictors

ar. When dictated by engine performance, remove, clean and reinstall the fuel control air-
flow restrictors. (Refer to PARA 4.B., 73-20-02.)
Fuel System P, Filter

as. When dictated by engine performance, remove, clean and reinstall the fuel system P,
Filter. (Refer to P, Air Filter Replacement, PARA 2., 73-20-03.)
Fuel Nozzle Filter

CAUTION: IF THE FILTER HAS BEEN CONTAMINATED OR HAS COLLAPSED OR BUCKLIED,


RETURN THE FUEL NOZZLE TO AN AUTHORIZED FACILITY FOR CLEANING AND
TESTING. THIS WILL ALSO REQUIRE THAT THE FUEL CONTROL BE SENT TO AN
OVERHAUL FACILITY FOR INTERNAL CLEANING. REFERENCE MUST ALSO BE
MADE TO THE AIRFRAME MAINTENANCE MANUAL FOR FUEL SYSTEM
MAINTENANCE FOLLOWING FUEL CONTAMINATION.
at. Any time high pressure fuel filter bypass is known or suspected to have taken place or
evidence of contamination found in the fuel pump, fuel control or governor, inspect the
fuel nozzle filter for contamination. (Refer to, PARA 4.A., 73-10-03.)

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Table 603 (cant)

item Occurrence Component or System Required


Action *
--

Fuel System
1 au. If engine is inactive for more than 45 days, preserve fuel system in accordance with
Fuel System Preservation, PARA 11 .C., 72-00-00, Engine-Servicing.

I av. Anytime a fuel control system component is reinstalled or a pneumatic line is discon-
nected, a pneumatic leak check of the control system must be performed. (Refer to
PARA 2.C., 73-00-00.)
Start Counter

m aw. Any time the engine is removed from the aircraft, inspect for chafed, frayed or broken
wires and connectors. Also, inspect for broken glass in the viewing window or for hous-
ing dents.
N2 Overspeed Control Box (250-B17F/l only)

1 ax. Inspect the mount dampers for tears, missing pieces or deteriorated rubber any time
the N2 overspeed control is removed.
Propeller/Power Turbine Governor

I w. Following a lightning strike, sudden stoppage of the engine, or oil system contamina-
tion, replace the propeller power turbine governor. Tag the removed unit, stating the
reason for removal and send it to an approved overhaul facility for complete overhaul.

(1) Gearbox Compressor-Mounting Insert Inspection


(a) Inspect the inserts for looseness anytime the compressor is removed from the gearbox.
(Refer to Insert Inspection, PARA 4.E., 72-60-00.)
(2) Vibration Inspection
(a) If engine vibration is suspected, or any of the vibration symptoms listed in the loo-hour
inspection (Table 602) are encountered, inspect the compressor and return it. to
repair/overhaul if any of the following conditions are encountered:

1 Remove the top half of the compressor case and check all blades and vanes for
possible foreign object damage and/or for bent or distorted vanes. Blade and vane
condition must be within the limits given in Blade and Vane Inspection, PARA 4.B.,
72-30-00.
2 Remove the compressor assembly from the engine.

3 Check the scroll outlet ports (turning vanes) for evidence of damage. Damage is
indicative of impeller vane tip or shroud failure.
(3) Hard Landing Limits
(a) Make a visual inspection of the installed engine for external damage from airframe
components after any hard landing.
(b) Engines, fuel controls, and governors that have sustained landing forces exceeding 1Og
shall be sent to an overhaul facility. Refer to the applicable airframe manual for airframe
conditions that indicate that the 1Og landing force limit has been exceeded.

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(4) Sudden Stoppage Inspection


The following inspections must be satisfactorily completed whenever the propeller strikes a
moving or stationary object.
NOTE: Sudden stoppage is the momentary or complete interruption in the rotation of the
aircraft propeller and engine drive system when the aircraft propeller comes in
contact with the ground, water, trees or other obstacles.

The shock felt by the drive system requires that the engine be inspected and/or over-
hauled by a designated overhaul facility as a result of possible damage.

If the aircraft propeller strikes an object causing damage to the propeller which can be
corrected by light grinding or filing and normal blending of the blades (nick.s, gouges,
scratches, etc.) in accordance with applicable propeller service instructions, complete the
following inspection:
Inspect the engine inlet for foreign objects.
Inspect the compressor for foreign object damage.
Inspect all magnetic plugs for metal accumulation. (Refer to Magnetic Plug, PARA 1O.H.,
72-00-00 Engine Servicing.)
Rotate the propeller by hand and check for unusual noise.
Motor the engine and check for unusual noise.
Operate the engine for 30 minutes on the ground then check the magnetic plugs for metal
accumulation.
Check balance the propeller.
If the aircraft propeller strikes an object causing damage to the propeller blades requiring
blade replacement and overhaul of the propeller assembly, remove the engine and send it
to a designated overhaul facility for inspection.
U-9 Refer to the appropriate propeller Service Instructions and Overhaul Manual.
0) Refer to the Special Inspections required after propeller strike and/or crash in the engine
Overhaul Manual.
(5) Compressor Inlet Air Blockage
Replace the compressor assembly if the engine has been operated with inlet air restricted due
to foreign objects or materials which have become lodged in the compressor inlet. Tag the
replaced compressor to show that the cause of removal was inlet air block.age and send to an
Rolls-Royce approved repair facility for complete overhaul. Conditions which constitute
blockage are:
(a) Power loss encountered following a restriction at the compressor inlet area while the
engine is in operation. Blockage in flight can usually be verified by inspection after
landing (blockage still exists). However, some blockage may be followed by ingestion
before inspection can take place. Objects or materials which were large enough to have
stopped at the inlet guide vanes before ingestion, or which causes a noticeable rise in
TOT, can be considered to have caused compressor inlet blockage.
(b) Foreign objects or materials found in the inlet during inspection of the aircraft when not in
operation. If it can be determined that the blockage was not there during the last
operation of the engine, remove the foreign object or material and leave the compressor
in service.

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(6) Engine Submerged in Water


If the engine has been submerged in water, proceed as follows:
(a) Tag the engine indicating that it encountered submersion in water.
(b) Return the entire engine to an overhaul facility as soon as possible for replacement of all
compressor and turbine wheels.
(7) Lightning Strike Inspection
Aircraft lightning strikes occur when the airframe can serve as a least-resistance bridge for the
electrical bolt as it travels through the air. Consequently, aircraft extremities (propeller, blades,
nose, landing gear, wing tips, vertical and horizontal tail surfaces, etc.) typically act as points of
entry or exit.
However since the exact electrical path through the aircraft may not be readily traceable
following a strike, the following guidelines are recommended:
(a) In the event of a lightning strike in the immediate vicinity of the engine(s) (as evidenced
by charring, burn marks or pitting associated with electrical arcing on the engine cowl,
compartment or inlet) remove the engine(s) prior to further flight and send them to an
Rolls-Royce approved repair facility for detailed teardown and inspection.
(b) Where the aircraft is known or suspected of having been involved in a lightning strike and
entry/exit points either cannot be determined or appear remote to the engine(s), perform
the following:
1 Inspect the engine compartment for evidence of lightning strike damage.
2 Manually rotate N1 and N2 systems and check for binding and abnormal noise.
3 Remove, inspect, and clean the engine oil filter. (Refer to Oil Filter Replacement,
para 1 .C., Power and Accessory Gearbox Maintenance Practices, 72-60-00.)
4 Remove, inspect, and clean the magnetic plugs. (Refer to Magnetic Plug Inspection,
para 1O.H., Engine Servicing, 72-00-00.)
5 Operate the engine for 30 minutes on the ground in accordance with Engine Check
Run, para 1 .A., 72-00-00, Engine/Adjustment Test and recheck the magnetic plugs
for metal accumulation. (Refer to para 1O.H, 72-00-00, Engine-Servicing.)
a On twin engine aircraft, operate each engine individually.
h Listen for abnormal noise on coastdown and abnormally short coastdown time.
(8) Hot Start Inspection
When the engine starting temperature limits of Table 6, 72-00-00, are exceeded and turbine
inspection is the recommended maintenance action, proceed as follows:
(a) Remove the outer combustion case and combustion liner. (Refer to Replacing the
Combustion Liner, PARA 1 .A., 72-40-00.)
(b) Inspect the nozzle in accordance with Items 1 and 2 of Table 201,72-50-00.
(c) Inspect the turbine wheels. (Refer to, PARA 6.A., 72-50-00.)
(d) Inspect the combustion liner in accordance with Table 201, 72-40-00.
(e) Reassemble the engine. (Refer to Replacing the Combustion Liner, PARA 1 .A.,
72-40-00.)

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(9) Erosion Inspection


If the aircraft is frequently subjected to sand or dust ingestion or operated in a corrosive
environment(salt laden or other chemically laden atmosphere such as pesticides, herbicides,
sulfur, industrial pollutantsetc.), inspect the compressor blades, vanes, and case plastic
coating for erosion or corrosion damage. Engines operated in a corrosive environment should
be subject to daily fresh water compressor rinses. (Refer to Blade Damage, Vane Damage,
Case and Vane Abradable Seal Coating Inspection, PARA 5.B., 5.C., 5.D.: and 5.E.,
72-30-00.)
NOTE: If the aircraft is subjected to sand, dust, or other small particle ingestion, periodic
compressor erosion inspection is recommended. The frequency of the inspection
should be based on the degree of ingestion and condition of the compressor at the
last inspection. The need for more frequent compressor rinse may also be indicated.
NOTE: See TP CSL-2004 for instructions on suggested contamination removal using water
only and for maps of operating areas with salt laden air.

(10) Snow Ingestion Inspection


Inspect the engine for snow, ice, or water damage as follows:
(a) Obtain access to the compressor inlet but do not disassemble any engine parts.
(b) Replace the compressor assembly if any mechanical damage, distortion, or bending is
detected on the compressor front support struts or the first-stage rotor blades.
(11) On Condition Inspection Power and Accessory Gearbox
Any time the gearbox housing is separated from the cover, all gears shall be magnetic particle
inspected if the log book indicates that more than 3500 hours have elapsed since the gears
were new or last magnafluxed. (Refer to 250-B17F Series Overhaul Manual, Publ. No. GTP
5243-3, for inspection criteria.)

-.NOTE. Record compliance with this inspection in the appropriate section of the log book.
Include date and hours.
(12) Rotating Balance of Engine and Propeller Assembly
To prevent operation with excessive vibration, it is recommended that an installation running
balance be accomplished under the following conditions:
(a) After any engine assembly, engine module, or propeller change

(b) After propeller overhaul, propeller blade replacement, or extensive blade blending for
nicks or dents.
(c) At periodic maintenance inspection intervals such as every other 100 hour inspection.
The frequency of inspection should be dictated by the particular aircraft and the
operational environment of that aircraft. It is Rolls-Royces suggestion that 600 hours be
the maximum time interval for a propeller balance check.
(d) Any time vibration is reported by the flight crew.
Balance the propeller using typical Fixed Base Operator (FBO) equipment such as:
Chadwick-Helmuth Vibrex balance system or Spectral Dynamics Trim Balance
Analyzer. Accomplish the balance in accordance with the instructions provided with the
particular equipment.
The maximum unbalance limit when measured at the propeller reduction gearbox is 3.0
mils or 0.2 inches/second (ips) average. This average is usually found near 1300 rpm
propeller speed.

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NOTE: DIMENSIONS ARE IN INCHES (MILLIMETERS)

t
0.38 (9.65)
t

ADKOISXD

Bleed Valve Wedge


Figure 214

B. Cleaning Compressor Blading

CAUTION: NEVER PERFORM THE CLEANING PROCEDURE WHILE THE ENGINE IS IN


OPERATION; THE COMPRESSOR IMPELLER WILL BE DAMAGED. A
MOTORIZED CLEANING PROCEDURE UTILIZING THE STARTER WITH N,
SPEED BELOW 10% IS THE ONLY AUTHORIZED PROCEDURE FOR THE
MODEL 250 SERIES ENGINE.

CAUTION: ONCE THE COMPRESSOR BLADE CLEANING PROCEDURE HAS BEEN


STARTED IT MUST BE CARRIED THROUGH TO COMPLETION WITHOUT
DELAY.

Clean the compressor blading with approved cleaner when the compressor becomes dirty.
Cleaning is normally required after 200-300 hours of operation in smoggy areas. Tubing must be
removed and the bleed valve must be blocked closed during cleaning.

(1) Clean the compressor to regain lost performance due to buildup of dirt.

(2) Cleaning is normally required after 200-300 hr of operation in smoggy areas.

(3) Do not spray cleaning solution into a hot engine. The engine temperature should be
satisfactory for cleaning when the bare hand can be placed on the outer combustion case
without discomfort.

(4) Tubing must be removed and the bleed valve must be blocked closed during the cleaning.

(5) The solution for cleaning the compressor blading consists of an approved cleaner and water
(distilled if available). Refer to Table 301, 72-00-00, Engine-Servicing.

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CAUTION: ENSURE THAT PC TUBE IS COMPLETELY REMOVED AT BOTH THE SCROLL


AND PC FILTER ENDS. DO NOT LOOSEN JUST ONE END AND BEND THE
TUBE OUT OF THE WAY.
(6) Remove the bleed valve sensing line and the scroll-to-PC filter P, line by disconnecting each
line at both ends. Removal of the lines will prevent compressor cleaning solution from entering
the fuel control/governor and the bleed valve pneumatic circuits.
(7) Cap and plug the disconnected fittings using compressor protector cleaning kit 6886204 to
prevent contamination of the pneumatic system and to prevent compressor cleaning solution
from spraying into the engine compartment,
NOTE: Inspect the scroll-to-filter P, tube at each end for cracks and fretting wear,
especially beneath the area of the floating ferrule and at the flared ends. Also,
inspect the P, line scroll elbow for cracks or damage.
(8) Make sure the cockpit engine anti-ice switch is OFF.
CAUTION: THE IGNITION CIRCUIT BREAKER MUST BE PULLED TO PREVENT IGNITION
WHILE MOTORING THE ENGINE.
(9) Make sure the engine ignition circuit breaker is pulled.
(10) Block the bleed valve in the closed position using the 0.60 in. (15.2 mm) dimension wedge in
6886204 compressor protector cleaning kit (See Figure 214).
(11) Disconnect any airframe installed bleed air system (heaters, environmental control units, etc)
that may be damaged or contaminated by the compressor cleaning solution.
(12) Cap or plug all disconnected fittings.
CAUTION: DO NOT EXCEED 10% N, RPM MOTORING SPEED DURING CLEANING OR
RINSING CYCLES. DO NOT INJECT A SOLID STREAM OF FLUID INTO THE
COMPRESSOR.
(13) Inject solution with an aspirator or sprayer equipped with a quick opening valve. Use a steam
powered aspirator and hot water, if available.
(14) Start injection three seconds prior to starter engagement and disengage starter at 10% N1
rpm.
(15) While motoring the engine with the starter, without ignition, inject one quart (one liter) in 9 to 11
seconds to maintain speed below 10% for duration of injection. Repeat injection cycle as
necessary to clean compressor.
(16) After injection of cleaning solution, spray steam or clean water (distilled preferred) into the
compressor inlet. Start injection three seconds prior to starter engagement, injecting one pint
to one quart (0.5 to 1 .O liter) in approximately 5 to 10 seconds, and again disengaging starter
before speed accelerates above 10% N rpm.
(17) If power is not restored after the compressor has been cleaned with an approved cleaner,
reclean as follows:
(a) Remove one case half and clean the blades and vanes with a small brush (toothbrush)
and a mild dishwashing detergent (Lux or equivalent). Refer to Compressor Case
Replacement, PARA 2., this section, for proper procedure.
(b) Reinstall the cleaned case half. Remove the second (dirty) case half. Clean blades and
vanes and replace case half in the same manner as used with the first case half.
C. Cleaning Bleed Valve
Clean the bleed valve nozzle, filter, and jet as follows:
(1) Remove the air sensing line from the bleed valve elbow.
(2) Remove the elbow from the bleed valve. Discard the packing.

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ADKOIGXD
1. Air Sensing Tube 4. Packing 6. Filter
2. Elbow 5. Internal Retaining 7. Jet
3. Jam Nut Ring 8. Nozzle
9. Strainer
Bleed Valve Jet and Nozzle Removal
Figure 215

(3) Remove the internal retaining ring and separate the filter from the bleed valve (See Figure
215). Replace the retaining ring before assembly if it is damaged during the removal operation.
(4) Using a screwdriver, remove the jet from the bleed valve.
(5) Clip the lockwire; then remove the nozzle from the bleed valve.
CAUTION: DO NOT BLOW THE JET DRY. THE SMALL JET CAN BE EASILY LOST OR
DAMAGED.
(6) Clean the nozzle, filter, and jet ultrasonically in mineral spirits if equipment is available.
(7) If ultrasonic equipment is not available, agitate the parts in a clean container of mineral spirits.
Use a soft bristle brush to clean exposed surfaces. Insert a sewing thread through the jet
hole. Slide the jet back and forth on the thread to remove film. Clean the nozzle in the same
manner.
NOTE: If the jet must be replaced, return the bleed valve to overhaul for part replacement
and recalibration of the valve assembly.
CAUTION: DO NOT USE A PROBE TO REMOVE PARTICLES LODGED IN THE JET OR
NOZZLE.
(8) Inspect the jet and the nozzle using a flashlight. Place the part on the center of the lens so the
light can be seen through the hole. Reclean the part if any particles or coating can be seen.
(9) Install the jet in the bleed valve. Tighten to 8-l 2 lb in. (0.90-l .36 N.m).
(10) Place the filter in the bleed valve (skirt end first). Secure with an internal retaining ring. .-
(11) Install the strainer and nozzle in the bleed valve. Tighten to 35-45 lb in. (3.9-5.1 N,m) and
. I

secure with lockwire.


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(12) Lubricate the packing and install it with the elbow on the bleed valve. Do not tighten the elbow
jam nut at this time.
(13) Remove the compressor cleaning kit 6886204 (block and caps).
WARNING: FAILURE TO PROPERLY INSTALL, ALIGN AND TIGHTEN FUEL, OIL, AND AIR
FITTINGS AND TUBES COULD RESULT IN AN ENGINE FAILURE.
(14) Position the elbow as required and install the air sensing line. Tighten the coupling nut to
80-l 20 lb in. (9.0-l 3.6 N.m). Tighten the elbow jam nut to 55-80 lb in. (6.2-9.0 N.m).
(15) Reconnect all pressure sensing lines and airframe bleed air plumbing. Tighten P, line coupling
nuts to 80-l 20 lb in. (9.0-13.6 N.m).
(16) Start and operate the engine for a minimum of five minutes.
(17) Operate the engine anti-ice system to purge any compressor cleaning solution from the
compressor inlet housing.
(18) Operate all aircraft systems that utilize compressor bleed air.
(19) Complete the engine drying run as soon as possible after cleaning and rinse.
D. Preservation
Accomplish when the engine will be idle for extended periods of time using moisture absorbing rust
preventive. Refer to PARA 11 .E., 72-00-00, Engine Servicing.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER
SECTION
SUBJECT SUBJECT PAGE

IGNITION SYSTEM-MAINTENANCE PRACTICES ................ 74-00-00


General .................................................................. .. ...... 201
Ignition System Check .................................................. .. ...... 201
IGNITION EXCITER-MAINTENANCE PRACTICES ............... 74-l O-01
Replacement .............................................................. .............. 201
Removal .............................................................. .............. 201
Installation ............................................................ .............. 201
Inspection/Check .......................................................... .............. 201
SPARK IGNITERS-MAINTENANCE PRACTICES ................. 74-20-01
Replacement .............................................................. .....
Removal .............................................................. .....
Installation ............................................................ .....
Inspection/Check .......................................................... .....
Inspection ............................................................. .....
Cleaning ................................................................. .....
SPARK IGNITER LEAD-MAINTENANCE ........................ 74-20-02
Replacement .............................................................. . . . . ........ 201
Removal .............................................................. ........ 201
Installation ............................................................ ........ 201
Inspection/Check .......................................................... . . . . ........ 201
START COUNTER-MAINTENANCE PRACTICES ................ 74-20-03
Replacement .............................................................. . . .......... 201
Removal .............................................................. .......... 201
Installation ............................................................ . . .......... 201
Alternate to Replacement ................................................... .......... 201

74-CONTENTS
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ENGINE CONTROL LINKAGES-MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES


1. General
Maintenance of the engine control linkages consists of rigging the linkages between the coordinator and
the engine mounted controls. Rigging of the linkages shall be accomplished any time the coordinator,
fuel control, of propeller-power turbine governor is removed or replaced.
2. Coordinator Riaaina (See Figure 201)
Coordinator rigging is divided into five separate procedures; one for each output lever of the coordinator
assembly.
A. Procedure A - Power Turbine Governor Lever
The propeller-power turbine governor lever (Figure 202) is connected to the power turbine lever on
the propeller-power turbine governor assembly (referred to as governor assembly) as follows:

(1) Retain the power turbine governor cable to the engine with supports at the coordinator
housing, fire shield, and power and accessory gearbox. Retain the cable to the fuel
control-to-governor Py air tube with two clamps.

-.NOTE. Always install the cable using the maximum possible bend radii.

(2) Rotate the input power lever on the coordinator counterclockwise until the lever pointer is
aligned with the 95 (TAKEOFF) position on the protractor.

(3) Ensure that the power turbine lever on the governor assembly is against the maximum speed
stop. The lever is spring loaded toward the stop.

,- (4) Attach the power turbine governor cable to coordinator lever A with a bolt and nut. Tighten nut
to lo-35 lb in. (1 .l-3.9 N.m) and secure with a cotter key.

(5) Adjust cable length (rotate rod end) until the hole in the rod end and governor assembly power
turbine lever align. Make this cable adjustment with the power turbine lever loaded against the
maximum speed stop. Take up cable looseness by compression. Attach the cable to the lever
with a bolt, washer, and nut. Tighten nut to 1O-35 lb in. (1 .l-3.9 N.m) and secure with a cotter
key.

(6) Ensure that the threaded ends of the cable extend into the rod ends past the inspection hole to
assure adequate thread engagement; then lockwire the jam nuts.

(7) Rotate the coordinator input power lever fully clockwise. The lever pointer should be aligned
with the 0 (MAX REVERSE) position on the protractor.

(8) Check the position of the governor assembly power turbine lever; the lever should be about l/8
in. (3 mm) from the maximum speed stop.

(9) Return the coordinator input power lever to the 95 position. Check that the governor
assembly power turbine lever is again at the maximum speed stop position.
(10) Rotate the coordinator input power lever and check for freedom of movement. The lever shall
move freely without evidence of binding.
B. Procedure B - Inner Propeller Governor Outrigger Lever
The coordinator inner propeller governor outrigger lever (Figure 202) is connected to the propeller
governor lever on the propeller-power turbine governor assembly as follows:
(1) Retain the propeller governor control cable to the power and accessory gearbox with supports
at three locations.

-.NOTE. Always install the cable using the maximum possible bend radii.

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