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# DESIGN OF 2S-1, 3S-1 & 4S-1

A B
4.50 m

4.20 m

3.50 m
3.20 m
2

Given:
short side A = 3.2 = 0.9
long side B = 4.2 b = 0.85
fc = 28 MPa Ad = 113.10
fy = 420 MPa

Solution:
A 3.2
ratio m 0.762 0.50 Two way slab!
B 4.2
minimum thickness:
2(3.2 4.2) x 1000
h 90 mm
180
= 82.22 mm, say 100 mm > 90 mm OK!

## using 12 mm rebar, 20 mm covering;

effective depth:
for short direction: for long direction:
d1 = h - (cover) - half of rebar f d1 = h-(cover) - rebar f - half of rebar
f
d1 =100 - 20 - 6 d1 =100 - 20 - 12 - 6
= 74 mm = 62 mm
Slab self weight = 23.5 x 0.100 = 2.35 kPa
Floor finish = 1.10 kPa
Ceiling Finish = 0.24 kPa
Mechanical and Electrical = 0.25 kPa
Miscellaneous = 1.0 kPa
Total = 4.94 kPa

L = 2.9 kPA

WUDL = 1.2 x (4.94)
= 5.928 kPa
WULL = 1.6 x 2.9
= 4.64 kPa
WU = 5.928 + 4.64
= 10.57 kPa

## A. Short Span, Middle Strip

at continuous edge
MA = (WU)(CA)(A2)
= 10.57 (0.0748) (3.2)2
= 8.10 kN-m
at midspan
= 5.928 (0.04204) (3.2)2
= 2.55 kN-m
MALL = (WULL)(CALL)(A2)
= 4.64 (0.05104) (3.2)2
= 2.43 kN-m
MA = 2.55 + 2.43 = 4.98 kN-m
at discontinuous edge:
MA = 1/3 x MA
= 1.66 kN-m

## B. Long Span, Middle Strip

at continuous edge
MB = (WU)(CB)(B2)
= 10.57 (0.0252) (4.2)2
= 4.70 kN-m
at midspan
MBDL = (WUDL)(CBDL)(B2)
= 5.928 (0.01372) (4.2)2
= 1.44 kN-m
MBLL = (WULL)(CBLL)(B2)
= 4.64 (0.01696) (4.2)2
= 1.39 kN-m
MB = MBDL + MBLL
= 1.44 + 1.39 = 2.82 kN-m
at discontinuous edge
MB = 1/3 x MB = 1/3 x 2.82
= 0.94 kN-m

Strength Design:
A. Short Span, Middle Strip
at continuous edge
MA 8.10 x 10e6
Rn 2
1.64 MPa
b d1 0.90 x 1000 x (74)2

0.85fc' 2Rn
x 1 1
fy 0.85fc'

(0.85)(28) 2x1.64
x 1 1 0.00406
420 0.85x28.0
1.4 fc' 1.4 28
min or or
fy 4fy 420 4x420

## = 0.0033333 or 0.0031497 Therefore, use 0.00333

(0.75)(0.85)1fc' 600
max x
fy 600 fy

(0.75)(0.85)(0.85)(28) 600
x 0.02125
420 600 420
min < < max

## Therefore, use 0.00406 for As

As = bd1
= (0.00406)(1000)(74)
= 300.26 mm2

Using 12 mm bars
A d (1000) (113.10)(1 000)
S 376.67mm
As 300.26

say S = 370 mm
Smax = 2h = 2(100) = 200 mm or 450 mm
Therefore, Smax = 200 mm
S > Smax Therefore, S = 200 mm

at midspan
MA 4.98 x 10e6
Rn 2
1.01 MPa
b d1 0.90 x 1000 x (74)2

0.85fc' 2Rn
x 1 1
fy 0.85fc'

(0.85)(28) 2x1.01
x 1 1 0.00246
420 0.85 x 28.0

## 1.4 fc' 1.4 28

min or or
fy 4fy 420 4 x 420

## = 0.0033333 or 0.0031497 Therefore, use 0.00333

(0.75)(0.85)1fc' 600
max x
fy 600 fy

(0.75)(0.85)(0.85)(28) 600
x 0.02125
420 600 420
min > < max

## Therefore, use 0.00333 for As

As = bd1
= (0.00333)(1000)(74)
= 246.67 mm2

Using 12 mm bars
A d (1000) (113.10)(1 000)
S 458.51 mm
As 246.67

say S = 450 mm
Smax = 2h = 2(100) = 200 mm or 450 mm
Therefore, Smax = 200 mm
S > Smax Therefore, S = 200 mm

at discontinuous edge:
As = 1/3 x 246.67 = 82.223 mm2
S = 3 x 200 = 600 , S > Smax , Therefore, S = 200 mm

## B. Long Span, Middle Strip

at continuous edge
MB 4.70 x 10e6
Rn 2
1.36 MPa
b d2 0.90 x 1000 x (62)2

0.85fc' 2Rn
x 1 1
fy 0.85fc'

(0.85)(28) 2 x 1.36
x 1 1 0.00333
420 0.85 x 28.0

## 1.4 fc' 1.4 28

min or or
fy 4fy 420 4x420
= 0.0033333 or 0.0031497 Therefore, use 0.00333
(0.75)(0.85)1fc' 600
max x
fy 600 fy

(0.75)(0.85)(0.85)(28) 600
x 0.02125
420 600 420
min > < max

## Therefore, use 0.00333 for As

As = bd2
= (0.00333)(1000)(62)
= 206.67 mm2

Using 12 mm bars
A d (1000) (113.10)(1 000)
S 547.26 mm
As 206.67

say S = 540 mm
Smax = 2h = 2(100) = 200 mm or 450 mm
Therefore, Smax = 200 mm
S > Smax Therefore, S = 200 mm

at midspan
MB 2.82 x 10e6
Rn 2
0.82 MPa
b d2 0.90 x 1000 x (62)2

0.85fc' 2Rn
x 1 1
fy 0.85fc'

(0.85)(28) 2 x 0.82
x 1 1 0.00198
420 0.85 x 28.0

## 1.4 fc' 1.4 28

min or or
fy 4fy 420 4 x 420

## = 0.0033333 or 0.0031497 Therefore, use 0.00333

(0.75)(0.85)1fc' 600
max x
fy 600 fy
(0.75)(0.85)(0.85)(28) 600
x 0.02125
420 600 420
min > < max

## Therefore, use 0.00333 for As

As = bd2
= (0.00333)(1000)(62)
= 206.67 mm2

using 12 mm bars
A d (1000) (113.10)(1 000)
S 547.26 mm
As 206.67

say S = 540 mm
Smax = 2h = 2(100) = 200 mm or 450 mm
Therefore, Smax = 200 mm
S > Smax Therefore, S = 200 mm

at discontinuous edge:
As = 1/3 x 206.67 = 68.89 mm2
S = 3 x 200 = 600 mm , S > Smax Therefore, S = 200 mm

## Moment calculations for column strips

The average moment in the column strips is 2/3 of the corresponding moment in the
middle strips so that the spacing of steel reinforcement is 3/2 times that in the middle
strip.
Resulting Table

## Middle Strip Column Strip

2S-1, 3S-1, 4S-1
As (mm2) S (mm) As (mm2) S (mm)