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DESIGN OF 2S-1, 3S-1 & 4S-1

A B
4.50 m

4.20 m

3.50 m
3.20 m
2

Given:
short side A = 3.2 = 0.9
long side B = 4.2 b = 0.85
fc = 28 MPa Ad = 113.10
fy = 420 MPa

Solution:
A 3.2
ratio m 0.762 0.50 Two way slab!
B 4.2
minimum thickness:
2(3.2 4.2) x 1000
h 90 mm
180
= 82.22 mm, say 100 mm > 90 mm OK!

using 12 mm rebar, 20 mm covering;


effective depth:
for short direction: for long direction:
d1 = h - (cover) - half of rebar f d1 = h-(cover) - rebar f - half of rebar
f
d1 =100 - 20 - 6 d1 =100 - 20 - 12 - 6
= 74 mm = 62 mm
Dead Loads:
Slab self weight = 23.5 x 0.100 = 2.35 kPa
Floor finish = 1.10 kPa
Ceiling Finish = 0.24 kPa
Mechanical and Electrical = 0.25 kPa
Miscellaneous = 1.0 kPa
Total = 4.94 kPa

Live Loads:
L = 2.9 kPA

Factored load:
WUDL = 1.2 x (4.94)
= 5.928 kPa
WULL = 1.6 x 2.9
= 4.64 kPa
WU = 5.928 + 4.64
= 10.57 kPa

Solving for Moments: Case 4

A. Short Span, Middle Strip


at continuous edge
MA = (WU)(CA)(A2)
= 10.57 (0.0748) (3.2)2
= 8.10 kN-m
at midspan
MADL = (WUDL)(CADL)(A2)
= 5.928 (0.04204) (3.2)2
= 2.55 kN-m
MALL = (WULL)(CALL)(A2)
= 4.64 (0.05104) (3.2)2
= 2.43 kN-m
MA = MADL + MALL
MA = 2.55 + 2.43 = 4.98 kN-m
at discontinuous edge:
MA = 1/3 x MA
= 1.66 kN-m

B. Long Span, Middle Strip


at continuous edge
MB = (WU)(CB)(B2)
= 10.57 (0.0252) (4.2)2
= 4.70 kN-m
at midspan
MBDL = (WUDL)(CBDL)(B2)
= 5.928 (0.01372) (4.2)2
= 1.44 kN-m
MBLL = (WULL)(CBLL)(B2)
= 4.64 (0.01696) (4.2)2
= 1.39 kN-m
MB = MBDL + MBLL
= 1.44 + 1.39 = 2.82 kN-m
at discontinuous edge
MB = 1/3 x MB = 1/3 x 2.82
= 0.94 kN-m

Strength Design:
A. Short Span, Middle Strip
at continuous edge
MA 8.10 x 10e6
Rn 2
1.64 MPa
b d1 0.90 x 1000 x (74)2

0.85fc' 2Rn
x 1 1
fy 0.85fc'

(0.85)(28) 2x1.64
x 1 1 0.00406
420 0.85x28.0
1.4 fc' 1.4 28
min or or
fy 4fy 420 4x420

= 0.0033333 or 0.0031497 Therefore, use 0.00333


(0.75)(0.85)1fc' 600
max x
fy 600 fy

(0.75)(0.85)(0.85)(28) 600
x 0.02125
420 600 420
min < < max

Therefore, use 0.00406 for As


As = bd1
= (0.00406)(1000)(74)
= 300.26 mm2

Using 12 mm bars
A d (1000) (113.10)(1 000)
S 376.67mm
As 300.26

say S = 370 mm
Smax = 2h = 2(100) = 200 mm or 450 mm
Therefore, Smax = 200 mm
S > Smax Therefore, S = 200 mm

at midspan
MA 4.98 x 10e6
Rn 2
1.01 MPa
b d1 0.90 x 1000 x (74)2

0.85fc' 2Rn
x 1 1
fy 0.85fc'

(0.85)(28) 2x1.01
x 1 1 0.00246
420 0.85 x 28.0

1.4 fc' 1.4 28


min or or
fy 4fy 420 4 x 420

= 0.0033333 or 0.0031497 Therefore, use 0.00333


(0.75)(0.85)1fc' 600
max x
fy 600 fy

(0.75)(0.85)(0.85)(28) 600
x 0.02125
420 600 420
min > < max

Therefore, use 0.00333 for As


As = bd1
= (0.00333)(1000)(74)
= 246.67 mm2

Using 12 mm bars
A d (1000) (113.10)(1 000)
S 458.51 mm
As 246.67

say S = 450 mm
Smax = 2h = 2(100) = 200 mm or 450 mm
Therefore, Smax = 200 mm
S > Smax Therefore, S = 200 mm

at discontinuous edge:
As = 1/3 x 246.67 = 82.223 mm2
S = 3 x 200 = 600 , S > Smax , Therefore, S = 200 mm

B. Long Span, Middle Strip


at continuous edge
MB 4.70 x 10e6
Rn 2
1.36 MPa
b d2 0.90 x 1000 x (62)2

0.85fc' 2Rn
x 1 1
fy 0.85fc'

(0.85)(28) 2 x 1.36
x 1 1 0.00333
420 0.85 x 28.0

1.4 fc' 1.4 28


min or or
fy 4fy 420 4x420
= 0.0033333 or 0.0031497 Therefore, use 0.00333
(0.75)(0.85)1fc' 600
max x
fy 600 fy

(0.75)(0.85)(0.85)(28) 600
x 0.02125
420 600 420
min > < max

Therefore, use 0.00333 for As


As = bd2
= (0.00333)(1000)(62)
= 206.67 mm2

Using 12 mm bars
A d (1000) (113.10)(1 000)
S 547.26 mm
As 206.67

say S = 540 mm
Smax = 2h = 2(100) = 200 mm or 450 mm
Therefore, Smax = 200 mm
S > Smax Therefore, S = 200 mm

at midspan
MB 2.82 x 10e6
Rn 2
0.82 MPa
b d2 0.90 x 1000 x (62)2

0.85fc' 2Rn
x 1 1
fy 0.85fc'

(0.85)(28) 2 x 0.82
x 1 1 0.00198
420 0.85 x 28.0

1.4 fc' 1.4 28


min or or
fy 4fy 420 4 x 420

= 0.0033333 or 0.0031497 Therefore, use 0.00333


(0.75)(0.85)1fc' 600
max x
fy 600 fy
(0.75)(0.85)(0.85)(28) 600
x 0.02125
420 600 420
min > < max

Therefore, use 0.00333 for As


As = bd2
= (0.00333)(1000)(62)
= 206.67 mm2

using 12 mm bars
A d (1000) (113.10)(1 000)
S 547.26 mm
As 206.67

say S = 540 mm
Smax = 2h = 2(100) = 200 mm or 450 mm
Therefore, Smax = 200 mm
S > Smax Therefore, S = 200 mm

at discontinuous edge:
As = 1/3 x 206.67 = 68.89 mm2
S = 3 x 200 = 600 mm , S > Smax Therefore, S = 200 mm

Moment calculations for column strips


The average moment in the column strips is 2/3 of the corresponding moment in the
middle strips so that the spacing of steel reinforcement is 3/2 times that in the middle
strip.
Resulting Table

Middle Strip Column Strip


2S-1, 3S-1, 4S-1
As (mm2) S (mm) As (mm2) S (mm)

cont. edge 300.26 200 200.18 200

short span midspan 246.67 200 164.44 200

disc. edge 82.22 200 54.81 200

cont. edge 206.67 200 137.78 200

long span midspan 206.67 200 137.78 200

disc. edge 68.89 200 45.93 200