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68000 AMPANG,


MATRIC NO : 062060381

Alhamdulillah, praise to Allah, upon His blessings, I successfully completed my Industrial

Training (InTra) from 1st December 2008 until 20th March 2009. Firstly, I would like to
thank Dato Hj. Abdul Rahman Yusof, CEO of CMC Engineering Sdn Bhd (CMCE) for
accepting me to undergo my InTra. Secondly, I would like to take this opportunity to
express my gratitude and appreciation especially to Mr Mohd Hafeez Mohd Thani,
Assistant Manager of CMCE for his tolerance and for the valuable time he took from his
busy schedule to guide and advice me for my InTra during the past four months. Not to
forget, all CMCE staffs that had giving me lots of valuable knowledge and their
commitments during my InTra. The listed below is the person whom giving full
commitment and helping me during my industrial training.

UniMAP : Centre of Industrial Collaboration (CIC) staffs, Mr Muhammad

Juhairi Aziz Safar (Deputy Dean School of Mechatronic
Engineering) and En. Jefri Efendi Mohd Salih (Programme
Chairperson Diploma Programme of Mechatronic Engineering)
Dato Hj Abdul Rahman Yusof
Datin Adilah Abdullah
Ms Siti Faizura Othman
Mr. Jordan Kong
Mr. Mohd Hafeez Mohd Thani
Ms. Yasmeenyanti Baharudin
Mr. Mohamad Reyadzat Ramli
Ms. Nur Hidayah Mohd Yatim
Ms. Azean Mohd Shahrir
Mrs. Maizan Romli
Ms. Shazwani Ameer Shariffuddin

Chai Hup Seng (UTAR)
Er Kwan Seng (UTAR)
Zuhaila bt Nal (UniSel)

I hereby declare that, Farah Diyana bt Ismail, 062060381, a Diploma in Engineering

(Mechatronic Engineering) student of School of Mechatronic, Universiti Malaysia Perlis
(UniMAP) has successfully completed his Industrial Training from 1st December 2008
until 20th March 2009 at CMC Engineering Sdn Bhd, under the DIT361/6 Industrial
Training course.

Throughout his/her training period, he/she has attended to his duties

SATISFACTORILY/UNSATISFACTORILY *, without unknown absence or known
absence with the companys consent. I hereby declare this out my best knowledge.

Your sincerely,

Asisstant Manager,
CMC Engineering Sdn Bhd

I hereby declare that, Farah Diyana bt Ismail, 062060381 , a Diploma in Engineering

(Mechatronic Engineering) student of School of Mechatronic, Universiti Malaysia Perlis
(UniMAP) has successfully completed his Industrial Training from 1st December 2008
until 20th March 2009 at CMC Engineering Sdn Bhd, under the DIT361/6 Industrial
Training course.

She prepared her report as a partial fulfillment of this Industrial Training. All information
given in this report is true and does not contain confidential information or classified data
that might be in any way or another abuse the companys policies.

Checked by,

Assistant Manager
CMC Engineering Sdn Bhd

Approved by,

Human Resource Executive
CMC Engineering Sdn Bhd

CMC Engineering Sdn Bhd (CMCE) adalah sebuah syarikat yang menyediakan
penyelesaian untuk bidang teknologi, telekomunikasi, pengangkutan, minyak dan gas serta
petrokimia. CMCE selalu menerima bidaan untuk tender dalam semua bidang tersebut.
Bidaan untuk tender memerlukan penyiapan dan penyerahan tender berpandukan Manual
Kualiti CMCE yang dijilid berdasarkan MS ISO 9001 : 2000 sebagai asas untuk
pengurusan pentadbiran yang berkualiti atau Quality Management System (QMS). Selepas
berjaya dalam bidaan tender, ia melibatkan pengurusan projek yang merangkumi aspek
membekal, menguji dan mentauliahkan. Pada proses menguji, salah satu ujian yang penting
adalah Factroy Acceptance Test (FAT) sebelum meletakkan peralatan yang diperlukan di
tempat yang berkenaan. Dalam pengurusan projek, usaha sesama pasukan amat penting
dalam memastikan projek berjaya disiapkan berdasarkan tarikh yang telah ditetapkan.

Memandangkan CMCE adalah sebuah syarikat yang menyediakan penyelesaian

bagi industry-industri di atas, CMCE selalu mendedahkan kepada pelatih-pelatihnya
tentang produk-produk terkini dalam pembentangan produk dari syarikat-syarikat lain. Ini
memberikan ilmu-ilmu yang baru serta pengalaman kepada dunia pekerjaan yang sebenar.
Faedah dari pembentangan produk ialah menambahkan bilangan kenalan, meningkatkan
keyakinan diri dan membina kemahiran keusahawanan.

CMC Engineering Sdn Bhd (CMCE) is one of the integrator companies for
technology, telecommunication, transportation and oil and gas and petrochemical
industries. CMCE always received tender bidding in all of these fields. Tender bidding
requires tender preparation according to CMCE Quality Manual that based on MS ISO
9001 : 2000 as the basis for an effective Quality Management System (QMS). After win the
tender bidding, it will involve in project management which always involve in supply,
testing and commissioning. For testing stage, the familiar test is Factory Acceptance Test
(FAT) which is the important stage before allocate the equipment to the location. In project
management, teamwork is important in order to complete the project according to the

Since CMCE is the master integrator, CMCE exposed to all the trainees about new
technology during the product presentation from other company which held during the
internship period. This gives a valuable knowledge and experiences in real working life.
The benefits for product presentation, it can build new circle of contact, improve
confidence, and build an entrepreneurship skills.


1.1 Company Overview 1
1.2 Mission 2
1.3 Corporate Information 2
1.4 Management Info 4
1.5 Technology Partner 5


2.1 Project Management 6
2.1.1 Supply of Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) & Battery 7
System for Floating Production Storage Offloading (FPSO)
System Ruby Field, Vietnam Project Project Overview 7 Project Certification 7 Scope of Supply 8 UPS Working Principle 8 Factory Acceptance Test (FAT) 9
2.1.2 Installation and Wiring Works for the Post 9
Production System Equipment for Digital
Mixstage Studio Project Overview 9
2.2 Tender Preparation 11
2.2.1 Purchase Tender Document Flowchart 12 Tender Specification 13 Tender Submission 13
2.2.2 Tender to Supply Local Area Network (LAN) 14
to PERHILITAN Office across Peninsular of
Malaysia Introduction 14 Proposed Network Diagram for Sites 15
with 2 units 8000GS/24 Access Switch (8000GS/24) 15 Product Focus 16 Specification of AT-8000GS/24 16 15U (WT-15Y) & 9U (WT-9U) 17
Equipment Racks Example for Floor Map Site 18 Summary 18
2.2.3 CMC-TM Bario Troposcatter Link System for 19
Telekom Malaysia (USP Project) Introduction 19 Solution Overview 20 Satellite vs Troposcatter 20 Comparison of beam method 21
between microwave and troposcatter Typical Tropo Link Geometry 21 System Configuration 21 Key Elements & Performance 23 Block Diagram 24 TM-20 Troposcatter Modem Function 26 Model MRF-1 4.7m Medium Range Fixed Antenna 27 Summary 28
2.3 Product Presentation 29
2.3.1 Product Presentation - UDgateway 29 UDcast Overview 29 UDgateway Overview 29 Key Benefits for ISPs and SSPs 30 Benefits for Corporate and Governments 30 Acceleration of Applications 31
2.3.2 Product Presentation EZ Blow 32 Casecraft Engineering Sdn Bhd Overview 32 EZ Blow Overview 33 Direct Installation (DI) Into Duct 33 Product Benefits 33 Outside Plan and Inside Plan Network 34
Design Sample Product Pictures 35


3.1 Discussion 37
3.2 Recommendations 38


APPENDIX A(iii) 43
APPENDIX B(iii) 44
APPENDIX B(vii) 44
APPENDIX C(iii) 45
APPENDIX C(vii) 46
APPENDIX C(viii) 46
APPENDIX C(xii) 46
APPENDIX C(xiii) 46


I 20
II 23


I 12
II 15

III 15
IV 16
V 17
VI 18
VII 21
IX 26
X 26
XI 27
XII 30
XIV 34
XV 34
XVI 35


1.1 Company Overview

CMC ENGINEERING Sdn Bhd (387302-W) was incorporated as a private limited

company on 15th May 1996 and started its operation as a system integrator company.
CMCE is a 100% Bumiputera-owned Company.

As a Master System Integrator of engineering means in Computing, Multimedia and

Communication consisting field of industries including but not limited to the Public and
Private Network, Transportation and Traffic System, Oil & Gas and Petrochemical

CMCE prides itself in providing extremely high quality and consistent services to its
clients. This can be attributed towards CMCE business models;

Continuously researching convergence of old and new technologies

Managing and securing the best technologies available
Consistently providing sound and cost effective solutions
Enabling and structuring scalable systems

Value added turnkey services provided include engineering design, consultancy,

project management and deliverables, procurement, installation, testing & commissioning
and after sales support. CMCE Quality Management Systems certified with ISO

CMCE targets 3 key industry areas namely:

1. Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

CMCE utilizes various technologies together with the state-of-the art
project management tools to design, procure and implement public,
private and dedicated networks.
2. Transportation and Traffic System
By providing the technical know-how related to railway signaling
and communication, we are able to offer a wholly integrated total
project management service for highway toll systems, traffic control
and even surveillance systems.
3. Oil & Gas and Petrochemical
Through the combination of internally developed expertise coupled
with the vital support from our technology partners, CMCE has
always been able to provide effective electrical, telecommunication,
Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) and
instrumentation solutions relating to the Oil and Gas Industries.

1.2 Mission
CMC Engineering Sdn Bhd is committed to provide ICT integration services of
international standard, meeting the requirements and satisfaction of our customers whilst
ensuring a continual improvement to QMS.
1.3 Corporate Information
Company Name : CMC Engineering Sdn Bhd
Registration No : 387302W
Incorporation : 15 May 1996
Main Office : A6-3a, Jalan Selaman 1/1,
Dataran Palma,
68000 Ampang, Selangor
Branch Office : 1) Lot MT 1368
Pusat Perdagangan Bdr Baru Masjid Tanah
78300 Masjid Tanah, Melaka.
2) Lot 34, 1st & 2nd Floor
Grand Industrial Centre, Phase 2
Penampang, Sabah
3) 1st Floor, Lot 1176
Lutong Baru Shophouse
98000 Miri, Sarawak
Website :
Tel : +603 4270 2212
Fax : +603 4270 2213
Company Secretary : Symphony Incorporations Sdn Bhd
Auditor : Ernst & Young
Legal Advisor : Sharifah & Associates , Azlan, Loh & Co.
Paid-Up Capital : RM 7,753,400.00
Shareholders Fund : RM 10,000,000.00
Principal Bank : United Overseas Bank (Malaysia) Berhad
Bank Reference : 1) Bumiputra-Commerce Bank Berhad
2) Malayan Banking Berhad
1.4 Management Info
Dato Hj Abdul Rahman Yusof Datin Adilah Abdullah

Siti Faizura Othman


Jordan Kong

Mohd Hafeez Mohd Thani


Yasmeenyanti Baharudin

Mohamad Reyadzat Ramli


Nur Hidayah Mohd Yatim

1.5 Technology Partner


2.1 Project Management

During my internship period for about 4 months, I had been exposed to the real
world of industries. I had been educated for 3 years in the mechatronic engineering field,
dealing with robotics, programming, basic electric circuit, applied mechanic, but here I
learned something new and different from what I used to learned in college. During this
period of internship, I learned real business environment, the culture of industries, the
advantages of creating new circle of friends, good communication skills, learned how to
solve problems and provide the right solution and also learned about the story and
techniques behind a successful business company.
2.1.1 Project Name : Supply of Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) &
Battery System for Floating Production Storage
Offloading (FPSO) System Ruby Field, Vietnam

Client : Malaysia Marine and Heavy Engineering

(MMHE) Sdn Bhd
Technology Partner : Swichtec Power System
Project Manager : Mr. Mohd Hafeez bin Mohd Thani Project overview

This tender required vendor to design, supply and commission for one (1) ship set
for the above system in accordance with ABS requirements and rules and regulations. The
design shall conform to ABS requirements for Class Notation of: A1 Floating Production
Storage Offloading System SH(CS100) RFL(10) 2019 In Ruby Field, Vietnam Block

It also required vendor to ensure that these equipments are able to operate according
to the following voltage and frequency requirements:
Incoming Voltage : 440VAC, 3 Phase, 3 wire system and no neutral
Incoming Frequency : 60Hz

Outgoing Voltage : 220VAC, 3 Phase, 3 wire system and no neutral

Outgoing Frequency : 60Hz Project Certification

This tender required vendor shall its own cost to perform and deliver the goods for
this project in compliance with the rules American Bureau Of Shipping, applicable other
rules, regulations and engineering requirement stated below :
1. Rules and regulations of the American Bureau Of Shipping: A1 Floating
Production Storage Offloading System SH(CS100) RFL(10) 2019 In Ruby
Field, Vietnam Block 01 & 02
2. ABS Guide for Building and Classing Facilities on Offshore Installation,
3. ABS Rules for Building and Classing Facilities on Offshore Installation,
2000 Facilities Guide
4. ABS Rules for Building and Classing Steel Vessel, 2005 (SV Rules)
5. ABS Rules for Building and Classing Mobile Offshore Drilling Units 2001
(MODU Rules)
6. 1989 IMO MODU Code including 1991 amendments.
7. International Electromechanical Commission (IEC) Publication 92
Electrical Installation on Ships.
8. International Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) Consolidated Edition 1992
(IMO) including latest updates Scope of Supply

1. 1 set of 45Kva 220VAC Dual Redundant UPS System complete with Value
Regulated Lead Acid (VRLA) battery bank on rack. The UPS system shall
be housed in a cubicle and both battery rack and cubicle designed based on
Electrical Equipment Room No. 2 as per attached.
2. One set of 220V AC, 60Hz UPS Distribution Board UPS Working Principle

Based on the design, both rectifier and static bypass supply come from S-
F4201; during normal situation, the UPS will have both rectifier and static bypass supply to
support the load. During emergency, the UPS will be working in normal condition with
both input supply which is come from the same emergency DB due to no loss of
both supply. If there is any fault for the rectifier or inverter, UPS will switch to bypass
As per single line block diagram for the two UPS, the maintenance bypass
line should be taken after the static bypass transformer (Input Panel 2) and not from the
rectifier input supply (Input Panel 1). Factory Acceptance Test (FAT)

This is the important procedure before send the UPS system at the FPSO Ruby Field
to make sure the system working as per requirement. The Pre-FAT was held on 5th January
2009. This Pre-FAT was to make sure all the equipment were fully set up before the real
FAT on 6th January 2009. However, the FAT result can not be displayed here because it is
Private and Confidential (P&C)

2.1.2 Project Name : Installation and Wiring Works for the Post
Production System Equipment for Digital
Mixstage Studio

Client : Daxco Digital Sdn Bhd

Sub-Contractor : Dome Crest (M) Sdn Bhd

End User : Perbadanan Kemajuan Filem Nasional Malaysia

Project Engineer : Mr. Muhamad Reyadzat bin Ramli Project Overview

This project purpose was to let local film producers to edit their films and to
produces audio mix from stage Dolby Digital 5.1 to 6.1. This project was first in Malaysia
and in recognized as Dolby Digital Premiere. This project was in the budget of Rancangan
Malaysia Ke 9 (RMK9).
These studios were fully equipped with new invention of audio equipment and at the
same level with overseas studios. Hence, these studio constructions get an expert touch
from Hollywood in building designing, acoustic audio and equipments selection.

Facilities that were offered at this Digital Mixstage Studio were Foley, Audio
Sweetening Room (ASA), Music Sweetening Room (MSA), ADR1, ADR2, Mix 1
and Mix 2.

CMCE was responsible in cabling and wiring works in all these 9 rooms. They are :

1) Foley This studio use for sound recording and sound effects.
Equipment that were configured in here are 16 Fader
System 5 MC, Digital Workstation, 2 k Video Projector,
Neuman Microphone and 8 Track Digital recorder.
2) Machine Room Configurations for all rooms located in
3) Audio Sweetening Room (ASA) Room to clean up noise.
Mix and pre-mix music also can create in here.
4) Music Sweetening Room (MSA)
5) ADR 1
6) ADR 2
7) Optical Room This room purpose is for Audio Mastering
Copy. Equipment that have in here are Optical Sound
Camera, Tascam Reproducer, Dolby Sound Adapter, Dolby
Digital & DTS Decoder, MWA Sample rate converter,
Distortion Analyzer and Multiformat Monitor Controller
8) Mix 1
9) Mix 2

Type of cables that used in this project are :

1) Digital Audio Cable (2 core screened)
2) Coaxial cable (RG 59)
3) Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP) Cable, Cat-6
4) 9D Cable

This project was successfully finished and launched on 1st February 2009 by Deputy
Prime Minister, Datuk Seri Najib Tun Razak.

2.2 Tender Preparation

CMCE always being offer tenders in telecommunication, transportation and oil and
gas field. Mr Mohd Hafeez Mohd Thani is the Assistant Manager of CMCE and the person
in charged with this tender preparation. With his comprehensive and laughably explanation,
I have my first glance in the other side engineering field. There are a bundle of terms and
condition that have to be considered and this is a part of knowledge that have in the mind of
project engineers.

The projects that I involved were mainly to prepare a tender proposal. There were a
few procedures that we need to follow before completing a tender. These are the three
important steps that need to go through before submitting a tender :-

i. Purchase Tender Document

ii. Prepare the Tender
iii. Submit Tender
2.2.1 Purchase Tender Document Flowchart

Get information of Tender from

Newspaper, Invitation, etc


Get suppliers information

Fill up Tender Registration Form

(Quality Management Review)

Confirmation from CEO

Buying Tender Specification

Fig. I : Tender submission process Tender Specification
A complete tender proposal should consist of two parts. They are:

Part A Commercial

Company Profile
Companys Certificates
Ministry of Finance Certificates
Audited Statements
Financial Performance
Sales Records
Statements of Compliances
Products and Services
Sub-contractors (optional)

Part B Technical

Statements of Compliance
Technical Specification of proposed product/system
Time Schedule, Prognosis & Delivery Plan
Training Schedule
Product Documentation
Acceptance Procedure
Split of Responsibility Tender Submission

Tender must be submitted before the actual due date and time. Any late submission will be
disqualified immediately.
2.2.2 Tender Name : Tender to Supply Local Area Network (LAN)
to PERHILITAN Office across Peninsular of
Client : Jabatan Perlindungan Hidupan Liar & Taman
Authorized Person : Mr. Muhammad Reyadzat bin Ramli Introduction

Jabatan PERHILITAN is Government Agency whereby its objective to protect the

wild life and educate people on conservation of Wild Life in Malaysia. With its plan to
expand their Local Area Network in each branch, Allied Telesis solution is able to cater for
its scalability and future growth of its Local Area Network.

In essence, the solution is very simple: The L2 Gigabit Network Switch is connected
to the router in each of Jabatan Perhilitan branches in each state. This will provide Jabatan
Perhilitan with more usable ports on the Local Area Network. On the current network
layout in the most of the sites the hosts are connected directly to the router whereby the
router supports a limited number of Local Area Network ports. Adding a L2 Gigabit
Network switch to the network for its Local Area Network Expansion will provide Jabatan
Perhilitan with more usable ports in the Local Area Network whereby it is able to cater for
its future growth in the network. Proposed Network Diagram for Sites with 2 units 8000GS/24

Fig. II : 2 units 8000GS/24 Fig III : 1 unit 8000GS/24 Access Switch (8000GS/24)

The proposed Access switch is a high performance Gigabit L2 Ethernet
stackable switch. The 8000GS/24 provides high performance Layer 2 switching with 24
ports 10/100/1000 ports with four fixed 1Gbps SFP slots. It has two integrated stacking
connectors which provide a total of 20Gbps stacking bandwidth. It supports industry
standard CLI and Web Interface.

The 8000GS/24 supports VLAN tagging with up to 256 active LANs where
the switch supports Ports-based VLANs and MAC based VLANs. For added security the
switch supports Private VLAN whereby communication between ports in the same VLANs
are isolated and communication of these ports is only forwarded to the uplink ports. To
ensure additional protection in the network the switch is able to control access in the
network with protocols is such as IEEE 802.1x port-based authentication which only allows
known users to connect to the network. Unknown users who physically connect can be
isolated to a guest VLAN to protect the private network data. Access Control Lists can be
configured. To filter traffic coming in or out the switch.
For ease of management, the switch supports SNMP v1, v2 and v3 protocol
whereby it can send SNMP and SYSLOG to the remote Network Monitoring Server or
Syslog Server. Product Focus Specification of AT-8000GS/24

Fig. IV : AT-8000GS/24

24 x 10/100/1000 copper ports

4 x standby SFP ports
2 x Stacking ports
Single IP address Stack management
Across Stack VLAN configuration
Across Stack Port Mirroring
Redundant standby stack master
8 Priorities assigned to 4 queues
802.1p for Layer 2 QoS
DSCP (Diffserv) for Layer 3 QoS
802.1p to DSCP remarking traffic ready for transport
to the Layer 3 core of the network
802.1x and RADIUS network login: for advanced
control of user authentication and accountability 15U (WT-15Y) & 9U (WT-9U) Equipment Racks

Fig. V : 15U (WT-15Y) & 9U (WT-9U) Equipment Racks

COM-RACK offers a wide range of equipment racks to suit a variety of

requirements. COM-RACK gives you the advantages of having choice, versatility, and
performance. COM-RACK offers four lines of equipment racks, each suited to different
needs and budgets. There is also a choice of welded racks or easy-to-assemble completely
knocked down versions. CKD unit offer unparalleled ease of transport, and also offers
savings on shipping costs.

Whether its a small and simple system or a large and complex configuration, COM-
RACK has a solution for your needs. As it is modular system, it can be easily expanded as
your need grows. Various configuration options are available and a full range of accessories
provides a whole spectrum of customization options.

COM-RACK offers four choices of depths: 70 cm, 80cm, 90cm and 100cm. With
a choice of tempered glass, perspex and perforated door, adjustable shelves and a variety
of quality fittings. We also produce a comprehensive range of accessories that allow you
the flexibility to customize your equipments layout to any requirements. Example for Floor Map Site


Cat 5E UTP in UPVC conduit ( Surface )

Fig. VI : Example of drawing for floor map site Summary

The proposal outlines a L2 Gigabit Network Switch whereby the solution for
Jabatan Perhilitan is to expand their current Local Area Network which is connected to a
router. The proposed L2 switch at each site in Jabatan Perhilitan will provide each branch
additional usable ports at each site for their Local Area Network expansion. The proposed
managed L2 Gigabit Switch 8000GS/24 will provide Jabatan Perhilitan with a cost-
effective solution where it is scalable to Jabatan Perhilitan future growth in the network.

As a complete tender are included , all information above but for link budget
analysis, manual and documentation, technical support, statement of compliance, brochures
catalogues and project implementation plan are not enclosed because the information are
Private and Confidential (P&C).

2.2.3 Tender Name : CMC-TM Bario Troposcatter Link System for

Telekom Malaysia (USP Project)
Client : Telekom Malaysia
Authorized Person : Mr. Mohd Hafeez bin Mohd Thani
Ms. Yasmeenyanti bt Baharudin Introduction

CMC Engineering Sdn Bhd and General Dynamics SATCOM Technology are
pleased to present this preliminary proposal for a Troposcatter Communication Link for
the Telekom Malaysia (TM) project (Miri to Bario). CMC Engineering Sdn Bhd and
General Dynamics SATCOM Technology is turnkey provider of products, services, full
communication systems and networks for use in satellite communications and also the
Troposcatter applications. Most of our communication systems and networks are installed
in government and commercial systems worldwide.

The proposed system concept is based upon the SATCOM Technologies TM-20
Troposcatter Modem, which offers the best available performance in data rate, diversity
processing and Bit Error Rate. Complementing the TM-20 Modems have developed a
system concept utilizing Commercial, Off-The-Shelf equipment and maximum discrete
component redundancy , thereby maximizing flexibility, reliability and maintainability. Solution Overview

Troposcatter or tropospheric scatter is a scattering of distant TV and FM radio

stations by the troposphere so that they travel farther than the line of sight. This effect
sometimes allows reception of stations up to a hundred miles away.

The phenomenon has been used to build communication links in a number of parts
of the world. Large billboard antennas focus a high power radio beam at troposphere. It is
a mid-way between the transmitter and receiver. A certain proportion of the signal is
refracted and received at similar antenna at the receiving station.

Troposcatter is an innovative high-speed technology that allows communication via

diffraction or line-of-sight in transportable, self-contained, field-configurable packages.
Troposcatter antenna feed system generates simultaneous dual beams in the elevation plane,
facilitate straight-forward terminal setup and operation with minimal equipment change and
minimum versatility. An auto-acquisition terminal control system provides deploy, acquire,
track and stow functions, as well as supervisory control of RF and base-band component
for streamlined terminal operation. Satellite vs Troposcatter

Table I : Satellite vs Troposcatter

Satellite Troposcatter
Propagation Delay 250 Propagation Delay 1 ms
High recurring cost varies No recurring cost of BW but initial investment
with mod/FEC is large
Scheme, world region
,band, satellite, etc
Cost effective for small Cost effective for large BWs
Very effective for long Distances limited to 300km
Inherently multipoint Strictly point to point
(Terrain dependent) Comparison of beam method between microwave and troposcatter

Fig. VII : Comparison of beam method between microwave and troposcatter Typical Tropo Link Geometry

Fig. VIII : Typical tropo link geometry System Configuration

In order to properly develop a troposcatter communication system, it is best to

firstunderstand the goals and requirements needed and to perform a comprehensive link
analysis to define the topographical and atmospheric characteristics of the proposed link.
Basically, the goals expressed for this project reduce to :
Data rate (throughput capability)
Terrain and atmosphere characteristics

Constrains are understood to be:

4.4-5.0 GHz Tx/Rx frequencies
Quad diversity (space and frequency) configuration
High redundancy/protection of keys electronics
99.9% availability
BER of 10-6
Link availability to follow ITU-R Rec 2557-4
Total data rate of 16 Mbps

SATCOM technology harmonized these fundamental goals and constrains in

the proposed solution. Dual VertecRSI 4.7-meter prime focus antennas are proposed
to provide the system link. The following table expresses the configuration of the
proposed system. Please also reference Figure depicting the block diagram for each
terminal. It is assumed the end user will provide the structures for mounting the
antennas at both ends of the link. Key Elements & Performance

Table II : Key Elements & Performance

Parameter or Item Configuration

Diversity Configuration Quad Space Diversity w/Frequency
Modem Data Rate 20 Mbps (max)
Antenna Type 4.7-Meter Parabolic Prime Focus
Power Amplifiers High Power Amplifiers
- 2.6 KW
- 1:2 Redundancy with Automatic Switchover (
each terminal) Refer to block diagram SK-JBH-
Low-Level Radio equipment Comprises:
- 1.5 Redundant Model LT- 3600 Up/Down
converters w/Automatic Switchover
- (2) 1:2 Redundant LNAs w/Automatic
- 1:1 Redundant TM-20, 20 Mbps High
Performance Troposcatter Modems w/Internal
Power Supplies, Internal Rb frequency standards
& IP Interfaces
Timing Reference Rb Standard(s) (internal to TM-20 Modems);
10Mhz distribution system
Data Interfaces EIA-530
G.703 (Via Adapter at EIA-530 port) 100base-
T/GIgE IP Interface (plug-in Interface Option)
Asynchronous Overhead Channel Voice
Orderwire Channel
Monitor and Control System VertexRSI NetMAC Block Diagram

Figure IX presents the proposed terminal block diagram for the Troposcatter link.
As noted previously, maximum use has been made of COTS equipment, with automatic
redundancy at the logical component level. The system is configured as Quad diversity
protected configuration (1:1). Our approach has incorporated 1:5 redundant converter sets
for each pair of TX and RX signal paths. Whilst this approach does add some additional
cost over single thread converter sets, it seems logical to incorporate redundancy here, just
as with the Modems and SSPAs.

This approach is robust and clean; maximizing system reliability and serviceability,
with readily available standard product components. The proposed system makes use of
1:2 SSPA sub-systems with integral switching networks providing automatic switchover in
case of a failed on-line SSPA, as well as manual signal routing to facilitate servicing.
Interfaces to the SSPA assemblies will be compatible with the existing terminal hardware.
Redundant TM-20 Troposcatter Modems are provided by way of two fully complete
stand-alone units combined with a Redundancy Control Switch. As described above, this
approach provides maximum dependability and serviceability, as there are no shared
functions between the two modems and individual units can be easily removed for servicing
or replaced by a spare unit. Each modem contains its own power supply and Rubidium
frequency standard. It should be noted that the TM-20 is constructed using the latest FPGA
technology and as such, has a relatively low parts count. As a result, the calculated MTBF
figure is in excess of 200,000 hours and the modem is even less likely to fail than other
system elements. Thus, a reasonable approach to a reduced cost solution would be to utilize
single thread modems rather than 1:1 redundant modems.

The TM-20 modems are proposed with an EIA-530 interface. If a G.703 interface is
desired, conversion between G.703 and EIA-530 is readily accomplished by way of an off-
the-shelf data converter. A Voice Order Wire handset is provided for voice communications
between the terminals and in the redundant modem configuration, switching of the VOW
interface is handled seamlessly in the Redundancy Control Switch. In addition to the VOW
channel, an asynchronous overhead service channel is provided, which also doubles as the
communication link for the Adaptive Power Control function, with the APC data embedded
in the asynchronous channel framing structure.

The TM-20 has an optional IP interface (plug-in) module which really opens up
much more versatile and powerful connectivity through the link. For example, the VOW
function could be easily handled by VOIP phone sets. Also, any number of different IP
devices could be connected to provide virtually any type of transmission from voice to
email to real-time video. The inclusion of IP interface modules for the TM-20s and the
addition of IP routers are expected to be achievable for reasonable cost in relation for a
dramatic expansion of capability and therefore offered for consideration. A General
Dynamics VertexRSI NetMAC Monitor & Control System is included, with Front End
Processors and terminals at each end of the link.In addition, the NetMAC offers powerful
data logging and report generation capability to provide historical information on link
operation. As is typical for M&C system implementation, the NetMAC will be custom
configured for this application in order to best meet the customer requirements.

Additionally, training may be provided to allow customer representatives to

implement additional and/or modified features as requirements may change over time.
Fig. IX : Terminal Block Diagram (Typical) TM-20 Troposcatter Modem Function

Fig. X : Troposcatter Modem

Wider Range of Data Rates; 256 Kbps 20 Mbps

Fully Variable, User-Settable Data Rates; 1 BPS Increments
Forward Error Correction Standard (1/4, 1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 7/8 rates)
No Fixed Bandwidths; automatic function of symbol rate
GigE Interface Option; 100base-T/GigE Interface Plug-in card
Built in High Stability Oscillator; 5 x 10-8 standard
Self Contained Power Supply; no need for external power supply box
SNMP remote control; monitor and control of entire modem
Receive noise level calibration feature; no manual calibrating
Higher Reliability; MTBF 220,000 hours
Lower power consumption; less than 80 watts
Lighter weight; approximately 10 lbs
Asynchronous/AUPC overhead channel; configurable via the front
IF loopback and Terrestrial Loopbacks
TX/RX test Pattern
Software field upgradeable in the field via compact flash or FTP Model MRF-1 4.7m Medium Range Fixed Antenna

Fig. XI : Model MRF-1 4.7m Medium Range Fixed Antenna

The VertexRSI Model MRF-1 Medium Range Fixed Troposcatter Antenna
is used for Troposcatter or high-volume microwave application. The MRF-1 has
parabolic reflector with a diameter of 15.4 feet (4.7 meters). The antenna is
comprised of sixteen panels and radials. The assembly is terminated in the center
upon a vertex hub and A-frame that is mounted on the modular steel tower. This
creates a rigid, strong antenna that maintains its structural integrity and electrical
performance over the broad range of specified conditions.

The process of assembly and deployment is engineered for simplicity. The

reflector and feed system are assembled on the ground before being raised for
attachment to the support structure. The feed system is a dual-polarized feed and there are
additional frequency bands available. The reflector pre-fitted with fixture-controlled
attachment points for locating the feed assembly. The position of local point for tie point
can be restored reliably even after numerous installations and removals of the feed system.
This feature also ensures that if desired the operating frequency band of the antenna
system may be shifted by substituting another feed assembly. Summary
During involved in this tender, I had learned about all the scope work. As a
complete Tender are included, all information above but for link budget analysis,
equipment & services lists, list of spares, Programme services, delivery and complete data
sheet are not enclosed because that information are Private and Confidential (P&C)
2.3 Product Presentation

Since CMCE was a master integrator in technology, CMCE always received an

invitation for product presentation in order for CMCE to get familiar with the new
invention. During my internship period, I attended two product presentations. The particular
are as below.

2.3.1 Company Name : UDcast, France

Presentation Purpose : Product Presentation - UDgateway

Company Representative : Mr. Sylvain Boyer (Manager Technical
Sales) UDcast Overview

UDcast is a leading software company providing IP broadcast solutions for wireless

networks worldwide. Their products and solutions provide the broadcasting and
telecommunication industry with the necessary tools for delivering data and media
applications, anytime and anywhere. UDgateway Overview

The UDgateway is an all-in-love WOC (Wide Area Optimization Controller)

designed for broadband satellite and WiMAX, to achieve LAN-like performance and
security and to reduce the amount of bandwidth required.
The main idea for this product is using data compression method. Data compression
method is the process of encoding information using fewer bits (or other information
bearing units) than a specific encoding schemes. As with any communication, compressed
data communication only works when both the sender and receiver of the information
understand the encoding scheme. To achieve this condition, both sender and receiver must
use UDgateway.

Fig. XII : UDgateway connection between sender and receiver Key Benefits for ISPs and SSPs

Reductions in average bandwidth use of up to 50%
More remote users sharing the same bandwidth
Increased customer satisfaction and reduced help-desk costs
Faster return on investment
Differentiator for high value managed network services Benefits for Corporate and Governments

Acceleration rates exceeding 20 times
Integration of remote users into the corporate network and
Increased productivity of remote end-users
Agnostic to transmission system (satellite, WiMAX, cellular)
Acceleration of secure VPNs
Reduction of transferred data volume
a. Lower usage bill in case of volume-based charging
b. Longer time to hit bandwidth limit (in case of Fair Access
Policy) Acceleration of Applications

Fig. XIII : UDgateway WANcompress data acceleration rates for the

second transfer
(Example test on 1Mbps satellite link with 600ms latency and MSWord files
of 3.4 MB)
2.3.2 Company Name : Casecraft Engineering Sdn Bhd
Presentation Purpose : Product Presentation EZ
Company Representative : T.C Lau Casecraft Engineering Sdn Bhd Overview

Casecraft Engineering Sdn Bhd is a group company of Transtronic Electrical

Engineering Sdn Bhd. Since 1984, Transtronic has steadily built up an impressive list of
highly satisfied clients in both the government and private sectors. Over the years,
Transtronic Group of Companies has acquired the invaluable reputation as a reliable
national and regional manufacturer and supplier of a comprehensive range of highly
specialized products and services to the ASEAN nations well as local high profile
Government and Corporate Clients.

Transtronic involvement in government Mega-Projects includes Kuala Lumpur

International Airport (KLIA), KL City Centre (KLCC), KL Stock Exchange (KLSE),
Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC), Sungai Buloh Prisons, the Education Ministry, Bukit
Jalil Commonwealth Sports Complex and the Prime Minister`s Department.

Their corporate clients include such name as Phillips, Esso, Petronas, Telekom
Nasional Berhad, Maxis, APV Production House, MRT Singapore, RTM, Astro and leading
bank as well Turf Club.

Today, Transtronic have become a regionally recognized and aught-after supplier to

countries like Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia and Vietnam. EZ Blow Overview
Blown Fibre is a technology developed by British Telecom. It utilizes a lightweight
fibre unit and is installed using a flow of compressed air. As such, the force exerted on the
fibre is uniform throughout its length and this force is significantly less than the maximum
force present in optical fibre cable that is pulled. Accordingly, significant reinforcement of
the fibre is not required, making the fibre lighter and faster to deploy. This opens up a new
market for point-to-point fibre connectivity, rapid deployment opportunities and reduced
investment requirements for the same technology. Direct Installation (DI) Into Duct

The 'basic' FibreFlow tube assembly has a wrap of soft temper aluminium as a
water barrier. It is soft temper so that under moderate stretching, it will not fracture. The
outer surface of the aluminium is adhesive covered, to bond it to the inside of the sheath.

The sheath is MDPE, 1.6mm nom thick, has good flexibility and moderate
toughness, such that it is ideal for use installed inside a pre-installed duct or subduct. Thus
we have a product with low weight, great flexibility, and low cost. It is in effect, an empty
fiber optic cable.

One advantage is that this product can be installed easily using standard cable
practice, with very low installation force (these lengths can often be pulled in place by
hand, ideal for low-tech countries) and there is no tensile risk to fibers, since they are
installed later. Product Benefits

EZ blow Fiber units can be blown into EZ Blow micro tubes for out-door
and in-door network including riser and small diameter bend route.
Future proof and cost effective network by just-in-time fiber deployment.
Flexible network design and easy customer connection by extremely flexible
tube pathway.
Quick repair and easy upgrade by simple blowing.
Reduced splicing and connecting by long installation distance and various
deployment options. (Up to 6km installation without splicing or connecting
is achievable) Outside Plan and Inside Plan Network Design Sample

Fig. XIV : Outside plan

Fig. XV : Inside plan Product Pictures

Fig. XVI : EZ Blow Machine (Side View)

Fig. XVII : Way to insert the fiber optic inside the EZ Blow
Fig. XVIII : Way to blown the fiber optic


3.1 Discussion

Over this past 4 months, Ive gained a lot of knowledge especially in

telecommunication engineering. To be honest, I feel very lucky because CMC
Engineering Sdn Bhd (CMCE) offers a good platform to gained lot of knowledge besides
expose us for a real working life and learned how to communicate and dealing with
vendors. Besides that, Ive learned that team work is important in order to complete a
project. CMCE has adopted the Malaysian standard MS ISO 9001 : 2000 as the basis for an
effective Quality Management System (QMS). To achieve this certification, CMCE was
emphasizing their staffs to follow the ISO 9001:2000 Certification Quality Manual that had
been given to all staffs. All staffs have to obey and follow the process needed before makes
an execution.

During completing tender process, I faced a lot of obstacles such as compiling the
render documents as the tender requirement, need to submit before the dateline and must
compile and meet standard in company quality manual. More over, I also must cope with
the working environment which is totally different with college study life. Besides that, I
also have to face and dealing with lots of people characteristics.
3.2 Recommendations

I dont have a recommendation for the host company but a few recommendations
for UniMAP. They are :

1) All schools must upload lists of student when exactly date for the
presentation since not all students having their internship in or near Perlis.

2) For Diploma students, UniMAP should search for suitable place to undergo
their internship since some of the students did not assign to do proper work
as the InTra requirements.

3) CIC should update quickly the exact report format at least one week before
the last date for internship, easy for all students to compile their report
before the presentation date.

4) Fees for Diploma students should include the fee for college residence so
that it wont burden students to pay when they come back to UniMAP for


As a conclusion, the objectives of this industry training were achieved. I was exposed to
practical skill, teamwork, communication skill and many others. Beside, I knew the
characteristic and behavior of worker in a company and I learned how to manage and speak
with them. They are always following the procedure as stated in ISO 9001:2000
Certification Quality Manual. Besides that CMCE is a company that care in the Quality
Management System and teamwork are the strength of this company. Overall, I can
conclude that, CMCE taught me lots of knowledge, not just for technical skills but also soft
skills such as dealing with vendor, increases my confidence to speak in english and build
teamwork spirit. More over, CMCE also taught me an entrepreneurship skill. Lat but not
list, CMCE is a very suitable place to gained lots of knowledge in telecommunication,
transportation, technology, oil and gas and also petrochemical industry.


1. RFS World. (2006). RFS Products, Infrastructure Solutions. 4th Edition

Company Reports and Manuals

[1] CMC Engineering Sdn Bhd., (2004). ISO 9001 : 2000 Certification Quality Manual.
[2] CMC Engineering Sdn Bhd., (2009). Corporate Profile. Malaysia.

[1] ; 1April 2009
[2] ; 1 April 2009
[3] ; 23 March 2009
APPENDIX A (i) Block Diagram UPS System
APPENDIX A (ii) UPS & Transformer Location
APPENDIX A (iii) Battery Stand & Battery Breaker Location
APPENDIX B (i,ii,iii,iv,v,vi) : FAT Pictures

(i) The batteries were arranged serially (ii) The connection between batteries
and the UPS system

(iii) Circuit breaker (iv) 3 transformers unit that connected with


(v) The UPS system (Front View) (vi) Explanation was given to clients,MMHE

(i) Cabling works in machine room (ii) Changing the wrong labels on

(iii) Equipment Racks at Mix 1 (iv) Reading the cabling drawings

(v) Checking the labels on patchbays (vi) In the Foley Room

(vii) Preview Room (viii) Setting up the Audio Equipmet
before the Launching Ceremony

(x) Optical Room (xi) Soldering work

(xii) FINAS Entrance during the (xiii) Speech by Deputy Prime

Launching Ceremony Minister, Datuk Seri Tun Najib