Sie sind auf Seite 1von 23

PLANNING AND

ADMINISTERING FOR
ECE
(CSZD1073)
CHAPTER 1
ACT AND REGULATIONS ESTABLISHMENT
Nursery (Act 308)
Preschool (Act 550)
Summary Discussion

2
Nursery (Act 308)
Objectives
Governed by the Malaysia law.
All child care centers or nurseries are subject to the Act 308.
Shall be prosecuted if do not comply with the Act 308.
The purpose is to guarantee the quality of childrens services.
Serves as a guideline that should be followed by all nursery
operators.

3
CHILD CARE ACT 308

Section 2: At least FOUR children under the age of 4 years old


and the caregiver must be paid.
Section 3: Exceptional to hospitals, preschool and childrens
homes managed by the government.
Section 4: All centers must register with Jabatan Kebajikan
Masyarakat (JKM).

4
CHILD CARE ACT 308

Section 5:
There are two categories of child care:
i. Home care that is taking care of not more than TEN children
ii. Institution which cares for TEN children or more
Section 6:
i. Fine not exceeding RM100.00 for the first time
ii. Second & subsequent offense to a fine not exceeding RM200.00

5
CHILD CARE ACT 308

Section 11(3): The center registration valid for 12 months.


Section 12: The registration can be canceled if it does not comply
with the rules, does not inform latest changes and unscrupulous
owners.

*unscrupulous/dishonest/corrupt.

6
CHILD CARE ACT 308

Section 14: Officer reserved the rights to inspect the center in


terms of health, management, equipment, environment and
emergency.

7
CHILD CARE ACT 308

Section 15 & 16: The authority may temporary closed the center
if found to endanger children (written).
Section 24: Application may be made to accept children aged 4
years and above with condition to be approved by the authority.

*endanger/risk/threaten

8
9
CHILD CARE REGULATIONS IN INSTITUTIONS

Regulations of child care centers in institutions (1985) is an


extension of the Child Care Act 308.
Regulation 1: Commencement date according to the Act.

10
CHILD CARE REGULATIONS IN INSTITUTIONS

Regulation 5(1): Ratio of children and caregiver.

Group Age Number of Children Number of


Caregiver

Under 3 years FIVE (5) children or less ONE (1)


Between 3 and 4 years TEN (10) children or less ONE (1)
Under 4 years FOUR (4) children in need ONE (1)
or less

11
CHILD CARE REGULATIONS IN INSTITUTIONS

Regulation 6(1): Caregiver should be 18 years old and above.


Compulsory to attend Basic Child Care course (Kursus Asuhan
Awal Kanak-Kanak).
Regulation 7(1): Childrens personal record must be updated.
Regulation 8: Insisted there should be program of daily activity.

*Kursus Asuhan Awal Kanak-Kanak (KAAK)


is now call Kursus Asuhan & Didikan Awal
Kanak-kanak PERMATA (KAP).

12
CHILD CARE REGULATIONS IN INSTITUTIONS

Regulation 12: Must display signage using National Language


(Bahasa Kebangsaan).
Regulation 13: Certificate of registration must able to be seen.
Regulation 14: Prohibited from abusing children.

13
CHILD CARE REGULATIONS IN INSTITUTIONS

Regulation 19: Building must comply with the design,


construction, fire resistance.
Regulation 23: Conducting fire drills and ensure doorway of the
building free from obstructions.
Regulation 24: The floor space should be 3.5 sq. meter per child.
Regulation 25: There should be enough toilets; ratio of 1 toilet to
10 children.

14
CHILD CARE REGULATIONS IN INSTITUTIONS

Regulation 26: Water supply must be adequate and clean.


Regulation 28: Must prepare balance and nutritious meal.
Regulation 29 (3): Observations on face, hygiene, health,
temperature, skin problems and others to be detected in the
morning.

15
CHILD CARE REGULATIONS IN INSTITUTIONS

Regulation 30 (1): Provide adequate and appropriate equipment


game.
Regulation 31: No smoking and spitting.
Regulation 33 (2): Report immediately if there are cases of
infectious diseases.
Regulation 35(1): Provide first aid box.

16
CHILD CARE REGULATIONS IN INSTITUTIONS

Regulation 36: Obtain the


understanding and cooperation of
parents in relation to management,
health, nutrition and others
Regulation 39: RM1000.00 fine or
imprisonment for 6 months or both, if
they break the rules and guilty of the
offense

17
Preschool (Act 550)
Objectives
Kindergartens to be established should comply with the Act.
Aims to protect the rights of students, careers, employers and
ensure quality of service.
Will be prosecuted if abuse the acts and regulations.

18
PRESCHOOL ACT 550

Preschool education is an education program intended for


students of aged from 4 to 6 years.
Preschool education provided for TEN students or more.
Section 15: Preschool education is included in the National
Education System.
Section 20: Each preschool must be registered at the Education
Department (Jabatan Pelajaran).

19
PRESCHOOL ACT 550

Section 22: All preschool must use the national preschool


curriculum.
Section 23: National language must be used as the medium
language.
National language taught as a compulsory subject if the use of
other languages as the medium of instruction.

20
PRESCHOOL REGULATIONS

Interpretation of students means children aged FOUR to SIX years


to get education in a kindergarten.
Teaching materials used in the teaching process (inside and
outside the classroom).
The period of formal learning and teaching in kindergarten is not
less than 3 hours a day (5 days a week).

21
PRESCHOOL REGULATIONS

Continuous assessment of student progress in domains:


Cognitive domain, Affective domain and Psychomotor
domain.
Preschools under the Ministry of Education and school with
government sponsored are exempted.

22
Summary

- Summarize the content for this topic.


- You may do it with your group members.
- Discuss with the class the points that have been summarized.

23