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SAMPLE SOLUTION Chapter: CH25 Problem: 1P 75% (4 ratings)

Step 1 of 14

(a)

Consider the following differential equation,

Find common factor on the right,

Now integrate both sides,

Calculate the value of the constant c from the initial condition

Put , in the above equation

Put in the solution of the differential equation

Then,

Hence, the solution of the differential equation is

Step 2 of 14

Use maple to draw graph of equation

Step 3 of 14

(b)

Consider the solution of the differential equation at width .

Consider the following differential equation,

The Euler formula is

Where,

by the equation.

The initial condition is

and .

So,

The next condition will be

Step 4 of 14
And,

Therefore,

So,

The next condition will be

And,

Therefore,

The next condition will be

And,

Therefore,

The next condition will be

And

Finally,

From the above solution, the value of and are given in the below.

The Resolution of the differential equation at width ( h ) =0.25

The initial condition for the Euler method is

And then

The next condition will be

And,

The next condition will be

And,

Further solve

Therefore,

The next condition will be

And,

Therefore,

The next condition will be

And,

The next condition is

And,

Therefore,

The next condition will be

And,

The next condition will be

And,

The next condition will be

And,

Step 5 of 14

Further,

Finally,

From the above solution, the value of and are given in the below table.

Step 6 of 14

The result of the analytical solution and numerical solution are plotted below.

Step 7 of 14

(c)

The formula of the Midpoint m e t h o d is

Where,

From the initial condition

, and

The next condition will be

From the midpoint formula

Put then,

Step 8 of 14

The next condition will be

Put in the midpoint formula

Further solve

The next condition will be

Put in the midpoint formula

Further solve,

The next condition will be

Put in the midpoint formula

Finally,

From the solution, the value of and are given in the below table.

1 -1.5

0.5 0.536133 -0.73718

1 0.346471 -0.17324

1.5 0.415176 0.778417

2 1.591802 10.34671

Step 9 of 14
Graph is shown below,

Step 10 of 14

(d)

The fourth order Runge-Kutta method is

Where,

The initial condition is given as

And

The further solve,

Further solve,

The further solve,

In the fourth-order Runge-Kutta method

Put

The next condition be,

Then,

Step 11 of 14

Step 12 of 14

In the fourth-order Runge-Kutta method.

Put ,

Further solve,

The third condition will be

Then,

The further solve,

Now,

The further solve,

Put i=2,

In the fourth-order Runge-Kutta method

The next condition will be

Step 13 of 14

Then,

The further solve,

Put ,

In the fourth-order Runge-Kutta method

The next condition will be

Then,

Further solve,

Further solve,

Further solve,

Finally,

From the solution, the value of and are given below.

0 1 -1.50000 -0.9277 -1.1401 -0.5912

Step 14 of 14
0.5
0.4811 -0.6615 -0.3404 -0.4269 -0.1338

1 0.2869 -0.1435 0.1138 0.1429 0.6720

1.5 0.3738 0.7008 2.1186 3.4866 13.7607

2 2.5131 16.3350 65.2466 186.1883 13.504523

The result of the analytical solution and numerical solution are plotted below,

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Corresponding Textbook

Numerical Methods for Engineers | 6th Edition


ISBN-13: 9780077417109
ISBN: 0077417100
Authors: Raymond Canale, Raymond P
Canale, Steven C Chapra, Stephen
Chapra, Steven Chapra

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Solutions by Chapter

Chapter 1 Chapter 2 Chapter 3 Chapter 4 Chapter 5

Chapter 6 Chapter 7 Chapter 8 Chapter 9 Chapter 10

Chapter 11 Chapter 12 Chapter 13 Chapter 14 Chapter 15

Chapter 16 Chapter 17 Chapter 18 Chapter 19 Chapter 20

Chapter 21 Chapter 22 Chapter 23 Chapter 24 Chapter 25

Chapter 26 Chapter 27 Chapter 28 Chapter 29 Chapter 30

Chapter 31 Chapter 32

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