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An overview of Standards

and Specifications

IAT Training Day, UoD Enterprise Centre

4th July 2013

John B-Bullock
Technical Asphalt & Aggregate Solutions
and Technical Advisor to MPA
The bill of quantities
European Product standards - EN 13108 series
European Testing
g standards - EN 12697 series
UK guidance on the application of European Standards -
The UK standard for laying asphalt - BS EN 594987
Specification for Highway Work - Series 600, 700, 800 and
h first
The fi h d!

European Standards for Asphalt arrived 5 years ago on

1st January 2008!!!

All the laying standards, test methods and specifications
i l di the
including th Specification
S ifi ti ffor Hi
h W
k changed
h d att
the same time.
A bit of History
Construction Products Directive (CPD) 1989
First EN standard ((cement)) 2000
Bitumen Standard (EN12591) 2000
European Standards for Aggregates 2004
European Standards for Asphalt 2008
Construction Products Regulation (CPR) 2011
CPR ffull
ll iimplementation
l t ti 1st
1 t Jul
J l 2013
Asphalt Product ENs revised & CPR compliant 2014/15
Principles of European Standards
Harmonisation of individual countries
countries specifications and test
methods to eliminate barriers to trade!

27 (soon to be 28) countries currently represented and bound

to implement the ENs (12 in 1989!)

EN have
h greater
t authority/legal
th it /l l
standing than BSs!
The EN 13108 Family
EN 13108
1 Asphalt Concrete
EN 13108-2 Asphalt Concrete for Very Thin Layers
EN 13108-3 Soft Asphalt (Nordic countries)
EN 13108-4 Hot Rolled Asphalt
EN 13108-5 Stone Mastic Asphalt
EN 13108-6
13108 6 Mastic Asphalt
EN 13108-7 Porous Asphalt
EN 13108-8 Reclaimed Asphalt (ingredient)
EN 13108
9 Asphalt for Ultra
Thin Layers (AUTL)
EN 13108-20 Type Testing
EN 13108-21
13108 21 Factory
F t P
d ti C Control
t l
The EN 12697 Family

Currently 47 published testing standards with a further 3 as


A full list is provided in the notes.

The EN 12697 Family
EN 12697-1 Soluble binder content
EN 12697-2 Determination of particle size distribution
EN 12697-3 Bitumen recovery. Rotary evaporator
EN 12697-4
12697 4 Bitumen
Bit recovery. Fractionating
F ti ti g column
EN 12697-5 Determination of the maximum densityy
EN 12697-6 Determination of bulk density of bituminous
EN 12697-7 Determination of the bulk density of
bituminous specimens by gamma rays
EN 12697-8 Determination of void characteristics of
bit i
bituminous specimens
The EN 12697 Family
EN 12697-9 Determination of the reference density
EN 12697-10 Compactability
EN 12697-11 Determination of the affinity between
gg g and bitumen
EN 12697-12 Determination of the water sensititivity of
bituminous specimens
EN 12697-13 Temperature measurement
EN 12697-14 Water content
EN 12697-15 Determination of the segregation sensitivity
EN 12697-16 Abrasion by studded tyres
The EN 12697 Family
EN 12697
17 Particle loss of porous asphalt specimen
EN 12697-18 Binder drainage
EN 12697-19 Permeability of specimen
EN 12697-20
12697 20 Indentation using cube or Marshall specimens
EN 12697-21 Indentation using plate specimen
EN 12697-22 Wheel tracking
EN 12697-23
12697 23 Determination
D t i ti off th
the iindirect
di t ttensile
il strength
t th
of bituminous specimens
EN 12697-24 Resistance to fatigue
EN 12697
25 Cyclic compression test
The EN 12697 Family
EN 12697-26 Stiffness
EN 12697-27 Sampling
EN 12697-28 Preparation of samples for determining binder
content,, water content and g
EN 12697-29 Determination of the dimensions of a
bituminous specimen
EN 12697-30 Specimen preparation by impact compactor
EN 12697-31 Specimen preparation by gyratory compactor
EN 12697-32 Laboratory compaction of bituminous
mixtures by vibratory compactor
The EN 12697 Family
EN 12697
33 Specimen prepared by roller compactor
EN 12697-34 Marshall test
EN 12697-35 Laboratory mixing
EN 12697-36
12697 36 Determination of the thickness of a
bituminous pavement
EN 12697-37
12697 37 Hot
H sand d test ffor the
h adhesivity
dh i i off binder
bi d
on precoated chippings for HRA
EN 12697-38 Test equipment and calibration
EN 12697
39 Binder content by ignition
EN 12697-40 In situ drainability
The EN 12697 Family
EN 12697
41 Resistance to de
icing fluids
EN 12697-42 Amount of coarse foreign matter in
reclaimed asphalt
EN 12697-43 Resistance to fuel
EN 12697-44 Crack propagation by semi-circular bending
EN 12697-45
12697 45 SSaturation
t ti A Ageing
i T Tensile
il Stiff
Stiffness (SATS)
EN 12697-46 Low temperature
p cracking
EN 12697-47 Ash content of natural asphalts
The EN 12697 Family
Standards currently in draft form:

EN 12697-48 Bond Strength

EN 12697-49
12697 49 F
i ti after
ft PPolishing
li hi g
EN 12697-50 Scuffing
ff g resistance
The Guidance
id D

The Published Documents (PDs) - informative

documents published By BSI.

PD 6691 the EN 13108 family of asphalt mixtures

pp to the UK.

PD 6692 - the EN 12697 family of asphalt testing

PD 6691:2010 (2)

The essential indispensable document for selection of an

pp p
appropriate p
UK asphalt mixture.
C tit t materials
Constituent t i l
Mixture Composition - Parts 1, 4 and 5 covered in detail.
Evaluation of Conformity and Type Testing explained
yp Testing
incl. Type g requirements
q for AC,, HRA and SMA.
FPC tolerances to enable specs to be drafted by suppliers.
Examples of declared specifications.
PD 6691:2010 (3)

Example specifications are detailed in three annexes:

The most important section of PD 6691!!

Annex B: Asphalt Concretes (EN 13108-1)

Annex C: Hot Rolled Asphalts

p ((EN 13108-4))

e D:: Sto
e Mast
Masticc Asphalts
sp alts ((EN
N 13108-5)
3 08 5)
PD 6691:2010 (4)
PD 6691:2010 (5)
PD 6691:2010
6691 2010 (6)
Mix Max size D or Pavement Binder Rec/ EN
Type Grad Designation Layer Grade Des Standard

AC 32 dense, HDM, HMB base/bin 40/60 Des EN 13108-1

20 dense, HDM, HMB bin 30/45 Des
100/150 Rec
20,14,10 EME2 base/bin 10/20 Des
15/25 Des
20 open bin 160/220 Rec
14/10/6 close/med surf 100/150 Rec
4 fine surf 160/220 Rec

HRA 60/32 base/bin 40/60pref Rec EN 13108-4

60/20 bin 70/100 Rec
100/150 Rec
55/10F surf 40/60pref R/D
35/14F surf 40/60pref Des

SMA 20 base/bin 40/60pref - EN 13108-5

14, 10, 6 bin/reg/surf 70/100
PD 6691:2010 (7)

All parts of BSEN 13108 have been through 5 year

q y Changes:
review are out for CEN enquiry. g

Segregation of empirical and fundamental mixtures

New performance tests methods added.
Improved clarity in certain areas.
Fluxed mixtures more readily covered.
da ds changed
c a ged from
o CCPD to be C
CPR co
pl a t.
PD 6691 revision process just about to start!
BS 594987 (2)
Transport, delivery and discharge on site
Preparation works on site
Laying the asphalt
Chipping of Hot Rolled Asphalt
Texture Depth
Opening to traffic
Type Testing protocols
BS 594987 (4)
Application of Bond coats
Use of bond coat now best practice
Rate of spread - 0.35kg/m2 residual binder
(0 6l/ 2)
Use of tack coat - Annex J - [0.20kg/m
0 20kg/m2 residual
binder (0.5l/m2)]

Ad conditions
di i - Wind
Wi d SSpeed/Temperature
Issues with HRA chipping embedment
BS 594987 (7)

Chipping of Hot Rolled Asphalt

G id off rates
t off spread.
Methods of applying the PCC.
g temperatures.
Minimum rolling p
Measurement of Texture Depth and guidance
on levels.
l l
BS 594987 (7)
Use of appropriate
pp p type,
yp , weight
g and number of

C id ti off rollers
ll ffor h
d llaying.

Compaction control for designed dense AC


Approximate rates of spread for calculating

tonnage from thickness & material type.

Maximum asphalt temperature before opening to

BS 594987 (8)

Informative Type Testing protocols:

Annex C
g voids (SHW
DBM/HDM/HMB design ( 929))

Trial strip
Sampling/testing loose material
Core sampling/testing
p g g
Verification of target composition
Cl 901 General (1)
Properties of aggregates
Clean, hard and durable
Fragmentation - LA30, LA50 BF Slag
Freeze/Thaw resistance - MS25, WA242
Cleanliness - fines contents from PD 6691
Resistance to polishing - PSVdeclared
d l d mean of last 3
results within the last 6 months. Value required
taken from Volume 7 Section 5 Part 1 HD36/06
table 3.1
Resistance to surface abrasion - AAV10
Cl 901 General (2)

Properties of aggregates cont.

l d aggregates
t allowed
ll d if containing
t i i lless th
1% contaminants.
China Clay waste and slate acceptable but subject
to more scrutiny

Asphalt Durability

Cl 929 design mixes only.

at o Ageing
ge g Tensile
e s le St
ess (S
S) >80%.
Use of 2% Hydrated Lime SATS not required.
Cl 902 Reclaimed Asphalt

Can be used unless otherwise stated in Appendix 7/1.

Follow PD 6691 sections covering AC, HRA and SMA.

Restriction on the viscosity of the recovered binder.

If more than
h 10% is
i added
dd d recovered
d bi
d must
comply with PD 6691 Table 12.

If more than 25% added to a Cl 929 design base or

binder course cores taken and tested for stiffness.
Cl 903 Pl
i and
d compaction
Generally in line with the requirements of BS 594987.
Additional requirements concerning joint preparation,
voids overbanding and upstanding free edges.
voids, edges

Cl 942 Thin
Thi SSurfacings
f i
Rewritten to permit other certification bodies to BBA.
Lower textures with maximums applied to improve
Minimum binder contents to ensure durability.

Other mixtures refer to BSEN 13108 and PD 6691.

SHW 600 Series
S i - Earthworks
E h k (1)

Cl 601 Classification, Definitions and Uses of

Earthworks Materials

Changes to method of assessing aggregates when fills

used within 500mm of concrete and metallic elements.

Alternative methodology to be introduced into next

SHW amd. ((Oct 13).
S i - Earthworks
SHW 600 Series E h k (2)
Table 6.1
6 1 Acceptable Earthworks
50 different materials covered in Table 6/1!
Selected Granular materials:

6F1, 6F2 and 6F3 materials won from site and not imported
grading specification in SHW Table 6/2

6F4 fine grading and 6F5 coarse grading imported

grading specification BSEN 13285*
(Improvedd clarity
l it ffor these
th mixtures
i t iin SHW amd.
d Oct
O t 13!)

*N t : U
*Note: Unbound
b d Mixtures
Mi t iin conformity
f it with
ith BSEN13285
cannot be CE marked!
SHW 700 Series
S i - Road
R dPPavement General
G l
Cl 701 Requirements
Permitted pavement options

Cl 702 Horizontal alignments, Surface levels and

S i - Unbound
SHW 800 Series U b d Mixtures
Mi (1)
Cl 801 General Requirements
Aggregate properties BSEN 13242 Grading BSEN 13285*
Los Angeles strength, Magnesium Sulfate (freeze/thaw).
Note: Alternative methodology for assessing suitability of aggregates placed
within 500mm off concrete and metal to be included in next SHW amd.

Cl 803 Type 1
Cl 804 T
Type 2
Cl 805 Type 3 Open-graded
Cl 806 Category B Close Graded
Cl 807 Type 4 Asphalt Arisings
*Note: Unbound Mixtures supplied in conformity with
BSEN13285 cannot be CE marked!
SHW 800 Series
S i - Unbound
U b d Mixtures
Mi t (2)
Cl 821 Cement Bound Granular Mixtures A (CBGM A)
Cl 822 Cement Bound Granular Mixtures B (CBGM B)
Cl 823 Cement Bound Granular Mixtures C (CBGM C)
Cl 830 Fly
Fl AAsh
d Mi
Mixture 1 (FABM 1) and
d li
Road Binder Bound Mixture 1 (HRBBM1)
Cl 831 Slag Bound Mixture B2 (SBM B2), Fly Ash Bound
Mixture 2 (FABM 2) and Hydraulic Road Binder Bound
Mixture 2 (HRBBM 2)
Cl 832 Slag Bound Mixture B3 (SBM B3), Fly Ash Bound
Mixture 3 (FABM 3) and Hydraulic Road Binder Bound
Mixture 3 (HRBBM 3)