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DELTA - T REFERENCE REPORT OF EXCEPTION

INFRARED THERMOGRAPHY
PEN HV ELECTRICALS
FEBRUARY 2017

1/14 Inspectors : M.Ghuran, L.Hajarysingh


DELTA - T REFERENCE REPORT OF EXCEPTION

Equipment Inspected Status Exception


Debe (Brechin Castle) T/F 66KV-132KV Routine IR Yes Online Yes
Point Fortin #2 66KV Lines Routine IR Yes Online No
Point Fortin #1 66KV Lines Routine IR Yes Online No
Phillipine 66KV Lines Routine IR Yes Online No
St. Mary's 66KV Lines Routine IR Yes Online Yes
Gulf View 66KV Lines Routine IR Yes Online No
Harmony Hall 66KV Lines Routine IR Yes Online No
Interconnector #3 66KV-33KV T/F Routine IR Yes Online Yes
Interconnector #2 66KV-33KV T/F Routine IR Yes Online No
Pen 10 13.8KV-66KV MPT Routine IR Yes Online No
Pen 9 13.8KV-66KV MPT Routine IR Yes Online No
Pen 8 13.8KV-66KV MPT Routine IR Yes Online Yes
Interconnector #3 66KV-33KV Switchgear Routine IR Yes Online No
Interconnector #2 66KV-33KV Switchgear Routine IR Yes Online No
Fyzabad 33KV Outdoor Routine IR Yes Online No
Otaheite 33KV Outdoor Routine IR Yes Online Yes
Syne Village #2 33KV Outdoor OCB Routine IR Yes Online No
Pen 7 52L 33KV Outdoor VCB Routine IR No Offline NA
Pen 6 52L 33KV Outdoor OCB Routine IR No Offline NA
Pen 7 MPT Routine IR No Offline NA
Pen 6 MPTRoutine IR No Offline NA
Pen 10 Station Aux T/F 13.8KV-4160V Routine IR Yes Online No
Pen 8 Station Aux T/F 13.8KV-4160V Routine IR Yes Online No
New 480 Board 4160V-480V T/F Routine IR Yes Online No
GT 10 HRSG Load Center 4160V-480V T/F Routine IR Yes Online YES
GT 8 HRSG Load Center 4160V-480V T/F Routine IR Yes Online No
Standby Load Center 4160V-480V T/F Routine IR Yes Online No
Syne Village #1 33KV Outdoor VCB Routine IR Yes Online Yes
Pen 9 52L 66KV Routine IR Yes Online No
Pen 8 52L 66KV Routine IR Yes Online Yes
Santa Flora 33KV Outdoor Routine IR Yes Online Yes
Pen 10 52L 66KV Routine IR Yes Online No
Station Services T/F 4160V No Offline NA
South Bus Yes Online No
North Bus Yes Online No
#1 Station T/F Yes Online No
#2 Station T/F Yes Online No

2/14 Inspectors : M.Ghuran, L.Hajarysingh


DELTA - T REFERENCE REPORT OF EXCEPTION

Foreword
This Infrared Inspection Report provides complete documentation of thermal patterns detected in the equipment
specified. A subjective evaluation is given for each piece of equipment where an exception or fault exists in
order to
assist in prioritizing repairs to plant equipment.
How Infrared Thermography Works
Infrared imagers "see" the heat radiated from equipment in real time, just like a video camera sees visible light.
In
black/white thermograms (pictures of heat), white is hot and black is cold unless stated otherwise. When
thermograms
are in colour, colours in the scene are matched to the reference bar. Colours appearing closer to the top right of
the
reference bar indicate higher temperatures. Colours appearing closer to the bottom or left of the reference bar
indicate
lower temperatures.
Repair Severity Ratings
Each thermogram is given a Subjective Repair Severity Rating which is based on the opinion & experience of
the QA
thermographer of how critical the subject item is to the safe and profitable operation of the overall system.
The inspection summary section of this report explains how to use this subjective severity rating to help
determine how
quickly the potential problem is to be attended to.
The following Delta T criterion was adopted from the Infraspection Institute. While other criteria exist & may also
be
used as guidelines for driving maintenance, this was selected as being most applicable to the PowerGen
environment.
These Severity values are subjective with no reference specified. However, for our applications these guidelines
will
consider similar components under similar load as the temperature reference as comparison for the subject
equipment.
Experience Based Guidelines
(Classification system based upon thermographer experience-globally)
Delta T Guidelines For Electrical or Mechanical Equipment
SEVERITY Delta T Recommended Action
1 1 to 10 C Corrective action should be taken at next maintenance period
2 >10 to 20 C Corrective measures required as time permits
3 >20 to 40 C Corrective measures required ASAP
4 >40 C Corrective measures required IMMEDIATELY
Special Note
Due to the spot size limitation of our present camera lens capability (FOV 24), accurate temperatures on
electrical components can only be obtained within 2.36 m or 7.75ft. Temperatures on objects that are further
away will be "at least" the given value; since all background temperatures will also usually be averaged in the
camera's field of view. (Usually cold sky background)
Therefore it is generally a good practice to repair electrical hotspots once detected since accurate accquisition
and trending of temperature is difficult due to vriations

3/14 Inspectors : M.Ghuran, L.Hajarysingh


DELTA - T REFERENCE REPORT OF EXCEPTION

Measurements C 2/8/2017 6:50:18 PM C


Bx1 Max 30.1 37.5
Min 6.8
Average 27.1 Bx1

Sp1 26.8
Dt1 Bx1.Max - Sp1 3.3

Parameters
Emissivity 1
Sp1
Refl. temp. 28.6 C

Location: 33KV Switch Yard


Equipment: Syne Village # 1 Bus
Isolator
Item: Blue Phase
Des Excep: Possible Connection
Load: 320 Amps
Temperature Severity Rating : 1
Subject Severity Rating : 1
Average Repair Priority Rating : 1
Remarks: 18.1
Corrective measures to be taken at IR_1339.jpg FLIR P640 404003784
the next maintenance period
Note: the Exception temp. given is 2/8/2017 6:50:18 PM
"at least" the actual value of the
exception. Any innacuracy is due to
spot size limitations of theavailable
lens used. Temperature data is only
given to aid repair prioritization.

DC_1340.jpg

4/14 Inspectors : M.Ghuran, L.Hajarysingh


DELTA - T REFERENCE REPORT OF EXCEPTION

Measurements C 2/8/2017 6:56:32 PM C


Bx1 Max 40.9 40.8
Min 26.2
Average 32.2
Bx2 Max 32.3
Min 15.4
Bx1
Average 28.4
Sp1 28.4
Dt1 Bx1.Max - Sp1 12.5
Dt2 Bx2.Max - Sp1 3.9
Bx2
Parameters
Emissivity 0.95 Sp1
Refl. temp. 28.6 C

Location: 33KV Switch Yard


Equipment: Fyzabad Bus OCB
Item: Red and Yellow Phase 19.7
Des Excep: Finger Connection IR_1341.jpg FLIR P640 404003784
Load: 180 Amps 9 MW
Temperature Severity Rating : 2
Subject Severity Rating : 2 2/8/2017 6:56:32 PM
Average Repair Priority Rating : 2
Remarks:
Corrective measures to be taken as
time permits.
Note: the Exception temp. given is
"at least" the actual value of the
exception. Any innacuracy is due to
spot size limitations of theavailable
lens used. Temperature data is only
given to aid repair prioritization.

DC_1342.jpg

5/14 Inspectors : M.Ghuran, L.Hajarysingh


DELTA - T REFERENCE REPORT OF EXCEPTION

Measurements C 2/8/2017 7:03:46 PM C


Bx1 Max 40.3 37.9
Min 22.2
Average 32.9
Sp1 26.0 Bx1

Dt1 Bx1.Max - Sp1 14.3

Parameters
Emissivity 0.95 Sp1
Refl. temp. 28.6 C

Location: 33KV Switch Yard


Equipment: Santa Flora Line Side
Isolator
Item: Red Phase
Des Excep: Possible Connection
Load: 110 Amps 7 MW
Temperature Severity Rating : 2
Subject Severity Rating : 2
Average Repair Priority Rating : 2 16.8
Remarks: IR_1343.jpg FLIR P640 404003784
Corrective measures required as time
permits.
Note: the Exception temp. given is 2/8/2017 7:03:46 PM
"at least" the actual value of the
exception. Any innacuracy is due to
spot size limitations of theavailable
lens used. Temperature data is only
given to aid repair prioritization.

DC_1344.jpg

6/14 Inspectors : M.Ghuran, L.Hajarysingh


DELTA - T REFERENCE REPORT OF EXCEPTION

Measurements C 2/8/2017 7:06:39 PM C


Bx1 Max 30.6 44.1
Min 17.4 Bx1
Average 27.2
Bx2 Max 29.3
Sp1
Min 12.2
Average 24.9
Sp1 25.7
Bx2
Dt1 Bx1.Max - Sp1 4.9
Dt2 Bx2.Max - Sp1 3.6

Parameters
Emissivity 0.95
Refl. temp. 28.6 C

Location: 33KV Switch Yard


Equipment: Syne Village # 1 Line 23.1
Isolator
IR_1345.jpg FLIR P640 404003784
Item: Red and Yellow Phase
Des Excep: Possible Connection 2/8/2017 7:06:39 PM
Load: 320 Amps
Temperature Severity Rating : 1
Subject Severity Rating : 1
Average Repair Priority Rating : 1
Remarks:
Corrective measures to be taken at
the next maintenance period
Note: the Exception temp. given is
"at least" the actual value of the
exception. Any innacuracy is due to
spot size limitations of theavailable
lens used. Temperature data is only
given to aid repair prioritization.

DC_1346.jpg

7/14 Inspectors : M.Ghuran, L.Hajarysingh


DELTA - T REFERENCE REPORT OF EXCEPTION

Measurements C 2/8/2017 7:13:04 PM C


Bx1 Max 38.6 37.9
Min 5.2
Average 29.1
Sp1 28.1 Bx1
Dt1 Bx1.Max - Sp1 10.4

Parameters
Emissivity 0.95 Sp1

Refl. temp. 28.6 C

Location: 33KV Switch Yard


Equipment: Debe Transformer LV
Item: Blue Phase
Des Excep: Possible Connection
Load: 410 Amps 30 MW
Temperature Severity Rating : 2
Subject Severity Rating : 2 21.4
Average Repair Priority Rating : 2 IR_1351.jpg FLIR P640 404003784
Remarks:
Corrective measures required as time
permits. 2/8/2017 7:13:04 PM
Note: the Exception temp. given is
"at least" the actual value of the
exception. Any innacuracy is due to
spot size limitations of theavailable
lens used. Temperature data is only
given to aid repair prioritization.

DC_1352.jpg

8/14 Inspectors : M.Ghuran, L.Hajarysingh


DELTA - T REFERENCE REPORT OF EXCEPTION

Measurements C 2/8/2017 7:14:27 PM C


Bx1 Max 38.5 37.9
Sp1
Min -6.2
Average 16.6
Sp1 15.8
Dt1 Bx1.Max - Sp1 22.7

Parameters
Emissivity 0.95 Bx1

Refl. temp. 28.6 C

Location: 33KV Switch Yard


Equipment: Debe Structure
Item: Yellow Phase
Des Excep: Possible Connection
Earth Strap Bolt
Load: 160 Amps
Temperature Severity Rating : 3
Subject Severity Rating : 3 21.4
Average Repair Priority Rating : 3 IR_1353.jpg FLIR P640 404003784
Remarks:
Corrective measures to be taken
ASAP 2/8/2017 7:14:27 PM
Note: the Exception temp. given is
"at least" the actual value of the
exception. Any innacuracy is due to
spot size limitations of theavailable
lens used. Temperature data is only
given to aid repair prioritization.

DC_1354.jpg

9/14 Inspectors : M.Ghuran, L.Hajarysingh


DELTA - T REFERENCE REPORT OF EXCEPTION

Measurements C 2/8/2017 7:21:34 PM C


Bx1 Max 40.5 37.9
Sp1
Min 2.4
Average 20.5
Sp1 18.6
Dt1 Bx1.Max - Sp1 21.9

Parameters Bx1
Emissivity 0.95
Refl. temp. 28.6 C

Location:
Equipment: Gulf View
Item: Blue Phase
Des Excep: Possible Connection
Load: 280 Amps 10 MW
Temperature Severity Rating : 3
Subject Severity Rating : 3
Average Repair Priority Rating : 3 16.8
Remarks: IR_1355.jpg FLIR P640 404003784
Corrective measures to be taken
ASAP
Note: the Exception temp. given is 2/8/2017 7:21:34 PM
"at least" the actual value of the
exception. Any innacuracy is due to
spot size limitations of theavailable
lens used. Temperature data is only
given to aid repair prioritization.

DC_1356.jpg

10/14 Inspectors : M.Ghuran, L.Hajarysingh


DELTA - T REFERENCE REPORT OF EXCEPTION

Bx1 El1
Measurements C 2/8/2017 7:26:33 PM Sp1 C
Bx1 Max 73.6 70.4
Min 22.9
El1 Max 57.7
Min 39.1
El2
Average 46.3
El2 Max 68.8 Sp2
Min 32.0
Average 40.5
Sp1 43.7
Sp2 41.4
Dt1 El1.Max - Sp1 13.9
Dt2 El2.Max - Sp2 27.3

Parameters
Emissivity 0.95
Refl. temp. 28.6 C 38.4
IR_1357.jpg FLIR P640 404003784
Location: 66KV Switch House
Equipment: Unit 8 2/8/2017 7:26:33 PM
Item: Red Phase Earth Strap And
Yellow Phase Cable Sealing End
Des Excep: Possible Connection
Load: 650 Amps 74 MW
Temperature Severity Rating : 4
Subject Severity Rating : 4
Average Repair Priority Rating :
Remarks:
Corrective measures required
immidately.
Note: the Exception temp. given is
"at least" the actual value of the
exception. Any innacuracy is due to
spot size limitations of theavailable
lens used. Temperature data is only
given to aid repair prioritization.

DC_1358.jpg

11/14 Inspectors : M.Ghuran, L.Hajarysingh


DELTA - T REFERENCE REPORT OF EXCEPTION

Measurements C 2/8/2017 7:27:52 PM C


Bx1 Max 39.1 40.0
Min 36.1
Average 37.8
Sp1 30.5
Dt1 Bx1.Max - Sp1 8.6

Parameters
Emissivity 0.95
Refl. temp. 28.6 C

Bx1
Sp1
Location: 66KV Switch House
Equipment: Gulf View
Item: Red Phase Earth Strap
Des Excep: Possible Connection
Load: 280 Amps 10MW
Temperature Severity Rating : 1
Subject Severity Rating : 1 29.9
Average Repair Priority Rating :
IR_1359.jpg FLIR P640 404003784
Remarks:
Corrective measures required
as time permits 2/8/2017 7:27:52 PM
Note: the Exception temp. given is
"at least" the actual value of the
exception. Any innacuracy is due to
spot size limitations of theavailable
lens used. Temperature data is only
given to aid repair prioritization.

DC_1360.jpg

12/14 Inspectors : M.Ghuran, L.Hajarysingh


DELTA - T REFERENCE REPORT OF EXCEPTION

Measurements C 2/8/2017 7:33:41 PM C


42.1
Bx1 Max 55.0
Min 4.2
Sp1
Average 30.2
Bx2 Max 103.7
Min 25.5 Bx1

Average 49.5
Sp1 10.0
Dt1 Bx1.Max - Ref. temp. 25.1 Bx2

Dt2 Bx2.Max - Sp1 93.6

Parameters
Emissivity 0.95
Refl. temp. 28.6 C

Location: Pen 8 MPT -2.2


Equipment: Transformer IR_1361.jpg FLIR P640 404003784
Item:Yellow Phase
Des Excep: Possible Connection 2/8/2017 7:33:41 PM
Earth Strap
Load: 650 Amps 74 MW
Temperature Severity Rating : 4
Subject Severity Rating : 4
Average Repair Priority Rating : 4
Remarks:
Corrective measures to be taken
Immidately
Note: the Exception temp. given is
"at least" the actual value of the
exception. Any innacuracy is due to
spot size limitations of theavailable
lens used. Temperature data is only
given to ai repair prioritization.

DC_1362.jpg

13/14 Inspectors : M.Ghuran, L.Hajarysingh


DELTA - T REFERENCE REPORT OF EXCEPTION

Measurements C 2/8/2017 7:39:07 PM C


Bx1 Max 45.3 45.6
Min 32.1
Bx1
Average 42.1
Sp1 27.8
Dt1 Bx1.Max - Sp1 17.6 Sp1

Parameters
Emissivity 0.95
Refl. temp. 28.6 C

Location: Pen 10
Equipment: GT/ HRSG Load Center
Transformer 4.16 KV/480 V
Des Excep: Possible Cooling Issues
Load:
Temperature Severity Rating : 3
Subject Severity Rating : 3
Average Repair Priority Rating : 3
Remarks: 1.3
Corrective measures to be taken IR_1363.jpg FLIR P640 404003784
Immidately
Note: the Exception temp. given is
"at least" the actual value of the 2/8/2017 7:39:07 PM
exception. Any innacuracy is due to
spot size limitations of theavailable
lens used. Temperature data is only
given to aid repair prioritization.

DC_1364.jpg

14/14 Inspectors : M.Ghuran, L.Hajarysingh