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SHD0 Maintain Transaction Variants

Transaction variants allows us to selectively mask certain fields in SAP

transactions/screens. Though strictly not a security tool, transaction variants can have
applications in security by helping to prevent users from updating fields which are not
protected through authorization objects

Transaction Variants are created trough the SHD0 t-code. The initial screen SHD0 is
given below. To create a transaction variant we mention the name of the parent
transaction, give a name of the variant and click the create button.

SHD0 - Initial Screen

In our example below, we create a transaction variant ZSU01 for the very common SU01
tcode. The transaction variant allows an administrator only to reset passwords and hides
all other functions of SU01. Each transaction variant contains of one or more screen
variants depending on the number of screens being called in the entire transaction flow.
We dont have to manually keep track of the screen variants when we are working with
transaction variants. As we move from one screen to the next, SHD0 automatically
creates and appends a new screen variant to the sequence.

On clicking the create button for ZSU01, we are taken to the standard SU01 screen. We
enter a user name and click the change password button. A pop-up window appears with a
list of the screen fields. This window contains the attributes of our first screen variant. Its
here where we enter a name of the screen variant and can selectively mark screen fields
to invisible/output only/required, etc.
SHD0 - Confirm screen entries for SU01 initial screen

The screen variant window has a button for Menu Functions where we can selectively
hide/de-activate menu items or toolbar buttons. Since our intention is to disable
everything except password change options, we end up with below screen.

SHD0 - Change menu entries

On clicking the check button from the screen variant we are taken to the next screen and
need to save our entries for the password change screen.
SHD0 - Confirm screen entries for password change

On clicking, the save and exit button we are taken to the overview screen for the
transaction variant. As shown below, this screen gives the definition of the individual
screen variants which form part of the transaction variant. On saving our entries, we are
taken to the SHD0 initial screen which shows the transaction variant and the screen
variants defined under it.

SHD0 provides a test button here we can check if the newly created transaction variants
works as per our requirement. Once tested we create a new Z transaction (ZSU01) for the
transaction variant by following the menu path Goto>Create Variant Transaction.
SE93 - Create variant transaction
SE93 - Create variant transaction 2

Once set up, this new transaction can be assigned to a users role just like a normal
transaction. Executing, ZSU01 display a modified form of SU01 screen with all functions
other than change password button is disabled.
Executing transaction variant for SU01