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Name: Date:

The Temperance Movement


Learning Targets:
1. Identify what the Temperance movement was.
2. Explain the reasons why people supported the Temperance
Movement.

Do Now:

The Temperance movement was a time in history


when many Americans pushed for the
government to make alcohol illegal (against the
law).

Why do you think many Americans might have


wanted to make alcohol illegal?
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as the Temperance
Movement?

A push for Alcohol to be made illegal in the


United States.

Mostly women fought to get rid of alcohol


because they felt that it caused violence in
the household.

Many people felt that alcohol caused a lot of


damage to U.S. citizens and so it should be
made illegal.
Notes:

nce

A push for Alcohol to be made _____________ in


the United States.

Mostly women fought to get rid of alcohol


because they felt that it caused _______________
_________________________________.

Many people felt that alcohol caused a lot of


_________________________________ and so it
should be made illegal.

Document 1: Temperance Movement

What was the Temperance Movement?


The Temperance Movement started in the 1800s and
slowly gained more followers. By the early 1900s there were
millions of people in the United States that supported it. This
group of people who supported the temperance movement
wanted to make the drinking and selling of alcohol illegal in
America.
Women reformers (people looking for change) were the
major force that was fighting for laws against alcohol. Many
wives and mothers felt that alcohol was a danger to their
families. Many times, drinking caused violence in the house.
Many people also believed that using alcohol increased crime
in America.
In 1917, the United States passed The 18th Amendment
which made the drinking and selling of alcohol illegal in all
states.

Vocabulary-

people looking for change in America.


Document 2a: Temperance and
Health

Dr. Goldwater, Health Commissioner of New York


City (September 20, 1920)

It is believed that less of alcohol by the


community
would mean less tuberculosis (sickness), less poverty, less
dependency, less pressure on our hospitals, and jails.

Alcohol hurts the tone of the muscles and makes people less
productive at work. It hurts memory, increases industrial
accidents ( ), causes diseases of the heart,
liver, stomach and kidney. Alcohol increases the death rate
from pneumonia and lessens the bodys natural immunity to
disease.

Vocabulary-

to stop drinking alcohol

to drink or eat something


Document 2b: Temperance and
Health

Dr. Goldwater, Health Commissioner of New York


City (September 20, 1920)

It is believed that less of alcohol by the people


would mean less sickness, less poverty, less pressure on our
hospitals, and jails.

Alcohol hurts memory, increases industrial accidents


( ), causes diseases of the heart, liver,
stomach and kidney. It also increases the death rate from
pneumonia and makes the body less able to fight illnesses.

Vocabulary-

to stop drinking alcohol

to drink or eat something


Document 3: Public Safety

Justice Harlan of the United States Supreme Court


about alcohol in America (September 20, 1920).

We cannot shut out of view the fact that public health and
public
safety may be harmed by the use of alcohol.
Document 4: Drawing/Cartoon
The cartoon was created
to spread awareness of the dangers of drinking alcohol.

Vocabulary-

Becoming less respected by others


because of something that you have done.
Name: Date:
Document #: ___1___
Document Analysis Worksheet
1. TYPE OF DOCUMENT (Check one or two):
___Written Document ___Speech ___Advertisment

___Encyclopedia Entry ___Cartoon/Drawing ___Sign

2. WHAT TYPES OF QUALITIES DOES THE SOURCE HAVE?


(check one or more):
___Title ___Images/Pictures ___Date

___Typed ___Handwritten ___Captions

3. What is the date of the Document (if given)?


_____________________________________________________
4. What is the title of the document?
_____________________________________________________
5. Does this document support the Temperance movement or oppose
(disagree with) the Temperance movement?
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_____________________________________________________
6. DOCUMENT INFORMATION
A. What are two things the document claims are caused by drinking
alcohol?
_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
B. What does this document show us about alcohol use in America in
the early 1900s?
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
Name: Date:
Document #: ___2___
Document Analysis Worksheet
2. TYPE OF DOCUMENT (Check one or two):
___Written Document ___Speech ___Advertisment

___Encyclopedia Entry ___Cartoon/Drawing ___Sign

2. WHAT TYPES OF QUALITIES DOES THE SOURCE HAVE?


(check one or more):
___Title ___Images/Pictures ___Date

___Typed ___Handwritten ___Captions

3. What is the date of the Document (if given)?


_____________________________________________________
4. What is the title of the document?
_____________________________________________________
5. Does this document support the Temperance movement or oppose
(disagree with) the Temperance movement?
_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
6. DOCUMENT INFORMATION
B. What are two things the document claims are caused by drinking
alcohol?
_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
B. What does this document show us about alcohol use in America in
the early 1900s?
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
Name: Date:
Document #: ___3___
Document Analysis Worksheet
3. TYPE OF DOCUMENT (Check one or two):
___Written Document ___Speech ___Advertisment

___Encyclopedia Entry ___Cartoon/Drawing ___Sign

2. WHAT TYPES OF QUALITIES DOES THE SOURCE HAVE?


(check one or more):
___Title ___Images/Pictures ___Date

___Typed ___Handwritten ___Captions

3. What is the date of the Document (if given)?


_____________________________________________________
4. What is the title of the document?
_____________________________________________________
5. Does this document support the Temperance movement or oppose
(disagree with) the Temperance movement?
_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
6. DOCUMENT INFORMATION
C. What are two things the document claims are caused by drinking
alcohol?
_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
B. What does this document show us about alcohol use in America in
the early 1900s?
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
Name: Date:
Document #: __4____
Document Analysis Worksheet
4. TYPE OF DOCUMENT (Check one or two):
___Written Document ___Speech ___Advertisment

___Encyclopedia Entry ___Cartoon/Drawing ___Sign

2. WHAT TYPES OF QUALITIES DOES THE SOURCE HAVE?


(check one or more):
___Title ___Images/Pictures ___Date

___Typed ___Handwritten ___Captions

3. What is the date of the Document (if given)?


_____________________________________________________
4. What is the title of the document?
_____________________________________________________
5. Does this document support the Temperance movement or oppose
(disagree with) the Temperance movement?
_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
6. DOCUMENT INFORMATION
D. What are two things the document claims are caused by drinking
alcohol?
_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
B. What does this document show us about alcohol use in America in
the early 1900s?
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
______________________________________________
EXIT TICKET: People who supported Prohibition thought it
would solve a lot of societys problems. What problems in
America did people think would be solved by making alcohol
illegal?

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