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Philippine Overseas Employment Administration

Jurisdiction
The POEA shall exercise original and exclusive jurisdiction to hear and decide:

(a) all cases, which are administrative in character, involving or arising out of
violations of rules and regulations relating to licensing and registration of recruitment
and employment agencies or entities; and

(b) disciplinary action cases and other special cases, which are administrative in
character, involving employers, principals, contracting partners and Filipino migrant
workers.

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- The Administration shall exercise original and exclusive jurisdiction to hear and decide
all pre-employment cases which are administrative in character, involving or arising out
of violation of recruitment laws, rules and regulations including money claims arising
therefrom or violation of the conditions for issuance of license to recruit workers.

Department of Labor and Employment


JURISDICTION OF THE LABOR ARBITERS

a. Original and exclusive jurisdiction to hear and decide the following cases involving all
workers, whether agricultural or non-agricultural:

1. Unfair labor practice cases;

2. Termination disputes;

3. If accompanied with a claim for reinstatement, those cases that workers may file involving
wages, rates of pay, hours of work and other terms and

conditions of employment;

4. Claims for actual, moral, exemplary and other forms of damages arising from employer-
employee relations;

5. Cases arising from any violation of Article 264 of the Labor Code, as amended, including
questions involving the legality of strikes and lockouts;

6. Except claims for employees compensation not included in the next succeesing paragraph,
social security, medicare, and maternity benefits, all other

claims arising from employer-employee relations, including those of persons in domestic or


household service, involving an amount exceeding Five

Thousand Pesos (P5,000.00), whether or not accompanied with a claim for reinstatement;

7. Wage distortion disputes in unorganized establishments not voluntarily settled by the


parties pursuant to Republic Act No. 6727;

8. Enforcement of compromise agreements when there is non-compliance by any of the


parties pursuant to Article 227 of the Labor Code, as

amended;
9. Money claims arising out of employer-employee relationship or by virtue of any law or
contract, involving Filipino workers for overseas deployment,

including claims for actual, moral, exemplary and other forms of damages as provided by
Section 10, Republic Act No. 8042, as amended by Republic

Act No. 10022; and

10. Other cases as may be provided by law.

JURISDICTION OF THE COMMISSION PROPER


1. Cases decided by the Labor Arbiter;

2. Cases decided by the Regional Directors or hearing officers on small money claims;

3. Cases of national interest certified to by the Secretary of Labor;

4. Petitions for injunctions or temporary restraining order under Article 218 (e) of the Labor
Code, as amended; and

5. Petition to annul or modify the order or resolution (including those issued during execution
proceedings) of the Labor Arbiter.

The National Labor Relations Commission exercises two (2) kinds of jurisdiction:
(1) Original jurisdiction; and (2) Exclusive appellate jurisdiction.

1. Original jurisdiction:

1. Injunction in ordinary labor disputes to enjoin or restrain any actual or threatened


commission of any or all prohibited or unlawful acts or to require the performance
of a particular act in any labor dispute which, if not restrained or performed
forthwith, may cause grave or irreparable damage to any party;
2. Injunction in strikes or lockouts under Article 264 of the Labor Code; and
3. Certified labor disputes causing or likely to cause a strike or lockout in an
industry indispensable to the national interest, certified to it by the Secretary of
Labor and Employment for compulsory arbitration.

2. Exclusive appellate jurisdiction:

1. All cases decided by the Labor Arbiters including contempt cases; and
2. Cases decided by the DOLE Regional Directors or his duly authorized Hearing
Officers (under Article 129) involving recovery of wages, simple money claims
and other benefits not exceeding P5,000 and not accompanied by claim for
reinstatement.