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Term Definition

candid completely honest, straightforward

conjecture inference; guesswork
didactic instructive
a mild, indirect, or vague term substituting for a harsh, blunt, or offensive
extrapolate to infer or estimate by extending or projecting known information
incoherent lacking cohesion or connection
insinuate to imply or communicate stealthily
lucid easily understood; clear
rhetoric the art of using language effectively and persuasively
acumen quickness, accuracy, and keenness of judgement or insight
adroit dexterous; deft
ascertain to find out, as through investigation or experimentation
astute shrewd; clever
circumspect careful; prudent; discreet
reticent inclined to keep silent; reserved
staid unemotional; serious
arcane known or understood by only a few
assimilate to absorb or become absorbed; to make or become similar
autonomy independence; self-determination
cosmopolitan worldly; widely sophisticated
derivative (n) something that comes from another source
entourage a group of attendants or associates; a retinue
esoteric intended for or understood by only a small group or people
gaffe a clumsy social error; a faux pas
idiosyncrasy characteristic peculiar to an individual or group
insular isolated; narrow or provincial
orthodox adhering to the traditional and established, especially in religion
potentate one who has the power and position to rule over others; monarch
castigate to scold, rebuke, or harshly criticize
censure to issue official blame
denounce to condemn openly
reclusive seeking or preferring seclusion or isolation
relinquish to retire from; give up or abandon
renounce to give up (a title, for example), especially by formal announcement
wituperative marked by harshly abusive condemnation
circumscribe to draw a circle around; to restrict
contiguous sharing an edge or boundary; touching
conciliatory appeasing; soothing; showing willingness to reconcile
credible capable of being believed; plausible
exonerate to free from blame
controvertible indisputable; not open to question
indict to officially charge with wrongdoing or a crime
litigious prone to engage in lawsuits
partisan (adj.) devoted to or biased in support of a party, group, or cause
parity equality, as in amount, status, or value (antonym: disparity)
rectitude moral uprightness; righteous
remiss lax in attending to duty; negligent
repudiate to reject the validity or authority of sanctimonious
sanctimonious feigning piety or righteousness
principled, having a strong sense of right and wrong; conscientious and
solicitous concerned
sophistry plausible but misleading or fallacious argument
substantiate to support with proof or evidence; verify
veracity adherence to the truth; truthfulness
vindicate to free from blame
cajole to urge with repeated appeals, teasing or flattery
chicanery trickery
obsequious fawning and servile
sycophant insincere, obsequious flatterer
altruism unselfish concern for the welfare of others; selflessness
eminent distinguished; prominent
identification with and understanding of another's situation, feelings, and
extol to praise highly
laudatory full of praise
magnanimous courageously or generously noble in mind and heart
philanthropic humanitarian; benevolent; relating to monetary generosity
reciprocate to mutually take or give; to respond in kind
defunct no longer existing or functioning
eradicate to get rid of as if by tearing it up by the roots; abolish
expurgate to remove objectionable content before publication or release
extirpate to destroy
quell to put down forcibly; suppress
raze to level to the ground; demolish
squelch to crush as if by trampling; squash
supplant to usurp the place of, especially through intrigue or underhand tactics
stymie to thwart or stump
abase to lower in rank, prestige, or esteem
deride to mock contemptuously
derogatory insulting or intended to insult
disparage to speak of negatively; to belittle
effrontery brazen boldness; presumptuousness
ignominy great personal dishonor or humiliation; disgraceful conduct
impugn to attack as false or questionable
mar to damage, espeically in a disfiguring way
pejorative (adj) disparaging, belittling, insulting
vex to annoy or bother; to perplex
vindictive disposed to seek revenge; revengeful; spiteful
bombastic given to pompous speech or writing
ebullience intense enthusiasm
exorbitant exceeding all bounds, as of custom or fairness
exuberant full of unrestrained enthusiasm or joy
embellish to ornament or decorate; to exaggerate
flagrant extremely or deliberately shocking or noticeable
gratuitous given freely; unearned; unnecessary
lavish (adj) extravagant
mournful, dismal, or gloomy, especially to an exaggerated or ludicrous
opulent displaying great wealth
ornate elaborately decorated
penchant a strong inclination or liking
redundant needlessly repetitive
ubiquitous being or seeing to be everywhere at the same time; omnipresent
felt or undergone as if one was taking part in the experience or feelings of
vignette a short scene or story
amalgam a combination of diverse elements; a mixture
inundate to overwhelm as if with a flood; to swamp
multifarious diverse; various
multiplicity state of being various or manifold; a great number
alleviate to ease a pain or burden
ameliorate to make something better; improve
beneficial producing or promoting a favorable result; helpful
curative able to heal or cure
relieveing or soothing the symptoms of a disease or disorder without
effecting a cure
therapeutic having or exhibiting healing powers
complement (n) something that completes, goes with, or brings to perfection
epitome a representative or example of a type
felicitous admirably suited; apt
belie to misrepresent or disguise
debunk to expose untruths, shams, or exaggerated claims
dubious doubtful; of unlikely authenticity
duplicitous deliberately deceptive
fabricate to make up the order; to deceive
fallacy a false notion
mendacious lying; untruthful
specious having the ring of truth or plausibility but actually false
ambiguous open to more than one interpretation
ambivalent simultaneously feeling opposing feelings; uncertain
apathetic feeling or showing little emotion
capricious impulsive and unpredictable
open to two or more interpretations and often intended to mislead;
ambiguous (antonym: unequivocal)
erratic markedly; inconsistent
impetuous suddenly and forcefully energetic or emotional; impulsive and passionate
impetus an impelling force or stimulus
sporadic occurring at irregular intervals; having no pattern or order in time
vacillate to sway from one side to the other; oscillate
whimsical characterized by whim; unpredictable
flag (v.) to decline in vigor or strength; to tire; to droop
jaded worn out; wearied
ingenous lacking in cunning, guile, or worldiness (antonym: disingenuous)
subterfuge a deceptive stratagem or device
surreptitious secretive; sneaky
dearth scarce supply; lack
modicum a small, moderate, or token amount
paucity smallness in number; scarcity
squander to spend wastefully
temperate moderate; restrained (antonym: intemperate)
tenuous having little substance or strength; shaky
diligent marked by painstaking effort; hardworking
maverick one who is independent and resists adherence to a group
mercenary motivated solely by a desire for money or material gain
obstinate stubbornly attached to an opinion or a course of action
proliferate to grow or increase rapidly
tenacity persistence
vigilant on the alert; watchful
extraneous irrevelant; inessential
juxtapose to place side by side, especially for comparison or contrast
superfluous extra; unneccessary
synergy combined action or operation
tangential merely touching or slightly connected; only superficially relevant
aesthetic having to do with the appreciation of beauty
aural of or related to the ear or the sense of hearing
cacophony discordant, unpleasant noise
dirge a funeral hymn or lament
eclectic made up of a variety of sources or styles
incongruous lacking in harmony; incompatible
sonorous producing a deep or full sound
strident loud, harsh, grating, or shrill
debacle disastrous or ludicrous defeat or failure; fiasco
debilitate impair the strength of; weaken
tumultuous noisy and disorderly
the representation of something as existing or happening in the wrong time
archaic characteristic of an earlier time; antiquated; old
dilatory habitually late
ephemeral lasting for only a brief time
redolent fragrant; aromatic; suggestive
temporal of, relating to, or limited by time
onerous troublesome or oppressive; burdensome
portent indication of something important or calamitous about to occur; omen
prescience knowledge of actions or events before they occur; foreknowledge; foresight
austere without decoration; strict
banal drearily commonplace; predictable; trite
hackneyed worn out through overuse; trite
insipid uninteresting; unchallenging; lacking taste or savor
prosaic unimaginative; dull (antonym: poetic)
soporific inducing or tending to induce sleep
vapid lacking liveliness, animation, or interest; dull
brevity the quality or state of being brief in duration
expedient appropriate to a purpose; convenient; speedy
transient passing quickly in time or space
augment to make greater, as in size, extent, or quantity; to supplement
bolster to hearten, support or prop up
burgeon to grow and flourish
copious plentiful; having a large quantity
distend to swell out or expand from internal pressure, as when overly full
grandiose great in scope or intent; grand
prodigious enormous
profundity great depth of intellect, feeling, or meaning
redouble to make twice as great; to double
scintillating brilliant
averse strongly disinclined
conspicuous easy to notice; obvious (antonym:inconspicuous)
demure modest and reserved
diffidence timidity or shyness
docile submissive to instruction; willing to be taught
innocuous having no adverse effect; harmless
placid calm or quiet; undisturbed
quiescent quiet, still, or at rest; inactive
concord agreement (antonym: discord)
concur to agree
dogmatic stubbornly attached to insufficiently proven beliefs
fastidious carefully attentive to detail; difficult to please
intransigence refusal to moderate a position or to compromise
jocular characterized by or given to joking
meticulous extremely careful and precise
affable easy-going; friendly
alacrity promptness in response; cheerful readiness; eagerness
amiable friendly; agreeable; good-natured
benign kind and gentle
sanguine cheerfully confident; optimistic
belligerent eager to fight; hostile or aggressive
byzantine extremely complicated or devious
cantankerous ill-tempered and quarrelsome; disagreeable
contentious quarrelsome
deleterious having a harmful effect
exacerbate to increase the severity, violence, or bitterness of; aggravate
flippant disrespectfully humorous or casual
insolent insulting in manner or speech
nefarious flagrantly wicked; vicious
pernicious extremely or irrevocable harmful; deadly
rancorous marked by bitter, deep-seated ill-will
repugnant arousing disgust or aversion; offensive or repulsive
tawdry gawdy and cheap
arboreal relating or or resembling a tree or trees
invocation (n) a call (usually upon a higher power) fro assistance, support, or inspiration
stratify to layer or separate into layers
variegated having streaks, marks, o patches of a different color or colors; varicolored
verdant green with vegetation