Sie sind auf Seite 1von 26

# 1.

1 1

r 1 t 3
2 2

2 1 1

6 , 1 2 3
4 2 2
e.g.

3

5

OP 2 3 A1 N2

## (ii) correct substitution into formula for magnitude A1

3 2 5 2 (2) 2 , 3 2 5 2 2 2
e.g.

OP 38
A1 N1 4


3

BA 0
4
2. (a) (i) A1 N1

## (ii) evidence of combining vectors (M1)

2 3

AB BC AC, BA AC, 2 0
6 4
e.g.

1

BC 2
2
A1 N2 3

IB Questionbank Maths SL 1
(b) (i) METHOD 1

BA BC, BA , BC
finding (A1)(A1)(A1)

BA BC 3 1 0 4 2, BA 3 2 4 2 , BC 3
e.g.

## substituting into formula for cos M1

3 1 0 4 2 5
,
2 2 53
e.g. 3 3 0 4
5 1
ABC
cos 15 3 A1 N3

METHOD 2

AC, BA , BC
finding (A1)(A1)(A1)

AC 2 2 2 2 6 2 , AB 3 2 4 2 , BC 3
e.g.
substituting into cosine rule M1

5 2 3 2 44 2

,
25 9 44
e.g. 25 3 30
10 1
ABC
cos 30 3 A1 N3

## (ii) evidence of using Pythagoras (M1)

2 2
e.g. right-angled triangle with values, sin x + cos x =1
8 2 2
ABC
3 3
sin A1 N2 7

## (c) (i) attempt to find an expression for CD (M1)

2
( 4) 2 5 2 p 2 , CD 42 52 p 2
e.g.
correct equation A1

( 4) 2 5 2 p 2 50 ,4 2 5 2 p 2 50
e.g.
p2 9 A1
p 3 AG N0

## (ii) evidence of scalar product (M1)

IB Questionbank Maths SL 2
4 1

5 2 , CD BC
3 2
e.g.

correct substitution
e.g. 4 1+ 5 2 + 3 2, 4 + 10 6 A1

CD BC 0 A1

CD is perpendicular to BC AG N0 6


## 3. (a) evidence of appropriate approach (M1)

AC AB, 4 3
4 1
e.g.

BC 1
3 A1 N2 2

(b) METHOD 1

3 (A1)
correct approach A1

e.g. 3 1

2
BD
2 AG N0 2
METHOD 2

Recognizing CD BA (A1)
correct approach A1

BC CD , 1 3
e.g. 3 1

BD 2
2 AG N0 2

IB Questionbank Maths SL 3
(c) METHOD 1
evidence of scalar product (M1)

BD AC, 2 4
e.g. 2 4

correct substitution A1
e.g. (2)(4) + (2)(4), 8 + 8

BD AC 0 A1

## therefore vectors BD and AC are perpendicular AG N0 3

METHOD 2
attempt to find angle between two vectors (M1)
ab
e.g. ab
correct substitution A1
2 4 2 4 , cos 0
e.g. 8 32

90 A1



8 2

5 t 1
25 8
e.g. r =

## Note: Award A1 for a + tb, A1 for L = a + tb, A0 for r = b + ta.

IB Questionbank Maths SL 4
(b) recognizing scalar product must be zero (seen anywhere) R1
e.g. a b = 0
2 7

1 , 2
8 k
evidence of choosing direction vectors (A1)(A1)
correct calculation of scalar product (A1)
e.g. 2(7) + 1(2) 8k
simplification that clearly leads to solution A1
e.g. 16 8k, 16 8k =0
k = 2 AG N0

3 2 5 7

3 p 1 0 q 2
25 8 3 2
e.g. L1 = L3,

## any two correct equations A1A1

e.g. 3 + 2p = 5 7q, 1 + p = 2q, 25 8p = 3 2q
attempting to solve equations (M1)
finding one correct parameter (p = 3, q = 2) A1
the coordinates of A are (9, 4, 1) A1 N3

## (d) (i) evidence of appropriate approach (M1)

8 9

OA AB OB, AB 5 4
25 1
e.g.
1

AB 1
26
A1 N2

7

AC 2
2
(ii) finding A1
evidence of finding magnitude (M1)
2 2 2
AC 7 2 2
e.g.
AC 57
A1 N3


## 5. (a) evidence of appropriate approach (M1)

IB Questionbank Maths SL 5
2 6

BC BA AC, 3 2
2 3
e.g.
8

BC 1
1
A1 N2

## (b) attempt to find the length of AB (M1)

AB 6 2 (2) 2 3 2 ( 36 4 9 49 7)
(A1)
6

6 7
1 2
2
7 7
3
3

unit vector is 7 A1 N2

(c) recognizing that the dot product or cos being 0 implies perpendicular (M1)
correct substitution in a scalar product formula A1
12 6 6
e.g. (6) (2) + (2) (3) + (3) (2), cos = 7 17

correct calculation A1
e.g. AB AC = 0, cos = 0
therefore, they are perpendicular AG N0


A1

CD BC 0 6. (a) (i)
correct approach A1
5 1
OC OA,
e.g. 2 0
4
AC
2 AG N0

IB Questionbank Maths SL 6
(ii) appropriate approach (M1)
4 1

1 5
e.g. D B, , move 3 to the right and 6 down
3
BD
6 A1 N2

## (iii) finding the scalar product A1

e.g. 4(3) + 2(6), 12 12
valid reasoning R1
e.g. 4(3) + 2(6) = 0, scalar product is zero
AC is perpendicular to BD AG N0

(b) (i) correct position vector for u; direction vector for v A1A1 N2
5 1 4 2
, u ; v , v
2 0 2 1
e.g. u =
5 4
t
2 2
accept in equation e.g.

## (ii) any correct equation in the form r = a + tb, where b = BD

1 3 x 4 1
t , t
e.g. r = 5 6 y 1 2 A2 N2

(c) METHOD 1
substitute (3, k) into equation for (AC) or (BD) (M1)
e.g. 3 = 1 + 4s, 3 = 1 + 3t
value of t or s A1
1 1 2 1
, , t ,
e.g. s = 2 2 3 3,
substituting A1
1
(2)
e.g. k = 0 + 2 ,
k=1 AG N0

IB Questionbank Maths SL 7
METHOD 2
setting up two equations (M1)
e.g. 1 + 4s = 4 + 3t, 2s = 1 6t; setting vector equations of lines equal
value of t or s A1
1 1 2 1
, , t ,
e.g. s = 2 2 3 3
substituting A1
4 1 3

1 3 6
e.g. r = ,
k=1 AG N0

1
PD
(d) 2 (A1)

PD 2 2 12 ( 5 )
(A1)

AC 4 2 2 2 ( 20 )
(A1)
1 1
AC PD 20 5
area = 2 2 M1
=5 A1 N4


## 7. (a) (i) evidence of approach (M1)

e.g. PQ PO OQ, Q P
1

PQ 2
1
A1 N2

2

PR 2
4
(ii) A1 N1

IB Questionbank Maths SL 8
(b) METHOD 1

## choosing correct vectors PQ and PR (A1)(A1)

PQ PR , PQ , PR
finding (A1) (A1)(A1)
PQ PR = 2 + 4 + 4 (= 6)

PQ ( 1) 2 2 2 12 ( 6 ), PR 2 2 2 2 4 2 ( 24)
substituting into formula for angle between two vectors M1
6
cos RPQ
e.g. 6 24
1
simplifying to expression clearly leading to 2 A1
6 6 6
, ,
e.g. 6 2 6 144 12
1
cos RPQ
2 AG N0

METHOD 2
evidence of choosing cosine rule (seen anywhere) (M1)
3

QR 0
3
A1
QR 18 , PQ 6 and PR 24
(A1)(A1)(A1)
2 2 2
( 6 ) ( 24 ) ( 18 )
cos RPQ
2 6 24 A1
6 24 18 12
cos RPQ
24 24 A1
1
cos RPQ
2 AG N0

## (c) (i) METHOD 1

evidence of appropriate approach (M1)
2 2
e.g. using sin RPQ cos RPQ 1 , diagram
substituting correctly (A1)
2
1
sin RPQ 1
e.g. 2
3 3
sin RPQ
4 2
A1 N3

METHOD 2

IB Questionbank Maths SL 9
1
cos P , P 60
since 2 (A1)
evidence of approach
e.g. drawing a right triangle, finding the missing side (A1)
3
sin P
2 A1 N3

## (ii) evidence of appropriate approach (M1)

1
e.g. attempt to substitute into 2 ab sin C
correct substitution
1 3
6 24
e.g. area = 2 2 A1
area = 3 3 A1 N2


## 8. finding scalar product and magnitudes (A1)(A1)(A1)

scalar product = 12 20 15 (= 23)
3 2 4 2 5 2 , 4 2 (5) 2 ( 3) 2 ( 50 , 50 )
magnitudes =
substitution into formula M1
12 20 15
( 3 2 4 2 5 2 ) ( 4 2 ( 5) 2 (3) 2 )
e.g. cos =
23

cos = 50 (= 0.46) A2 N4


8 0

1 t 0
0 1
9. (a) L1: r = A2 N2

IB Questionbank Maths SL 10
(b) evidence of equating r and OA (M1)
6 2 2

2 4 s 1
9 1 5
e.g. ,A=r

## one correct equation A1

e.g. 6 = 2 + 2s, 2 = 4 s, 9 = 1 + 5s, s=2 A1
evidence of confirming for other two equations A1
e.g. 6 = 2 + 4, 2 = 4 2, 9 = 1 + 10
so A lies on L2 AG N0

2 2 8 0

4 s 1 1 t 0
1 5 0 1
e.g. L =L
1 2

## one correct equation A1

e.g. 2 + 2s = 8, 4 s = 1, 1 + 5s = t
attempt to solve (M1)
finding s = 3 A1
substituting M1
2 2

OB 4 3 1
1 5
e.g.

8

OB 1
14
AG N0

## (ii) evidence of appropriate approach (M1)

e.g. AB AO OB, AB OB OA
2

AB 1
5
A1 N2

IB Questionbank Maths SL 11
(d) evidence of appropriate approach (M1)
e.g. AB DC
correct values A1
2 2 x 2 2 2 2x

OD 1 1 , y 1 1 , 1 1 y
5 4 z 5 4 5 4 z
e.g.
0

OD 2
9
A1 N2


## 10. (a) evidence of equating scalar product to 0 (M1)

2 3 + 3 (1) + (1) p = 0 (6 3 p = 0, 3 p = 0) A1
p=3 A1 N2

## (b) evidence of substituting into magnitude formula (M1)

2
1 q 25 2
e.g. , 1 + q + 25
setting up a correct equation A1
2
1 q 25 42 2 2
e.g. , 1 + q + 25 = 42, q = 16
q = 4 A1 N2


## 11. (a) (i) evidence of combining vectors (M1)

e.g. AB = OB - OA (or AD = AO + OD in part (ii))
2

4
2
AB = A1 N2

2

k 5

(ii) AD = 2 A1 N1

IB Questionbank Maths SL 12
(b) evidence of using perpendicularity scalar product = 0 (M1)
2 2

e.g . 4 k 5 0
2 2

4 - 4(k - 5) + 4 = 0 A1
-4k + 28 = 0 (accept any correct equation clearly leading to k = 7) A1
k=7 AG N0

2

2
2
1

1
1
BC = A1
evidence of correct approach (M1)
3 1 x 3 1

OC OB BC , 1 1 , y 1 1
2 1 z 2 1
e.g.

4

2

1
OC = A1 N3

IB Questionbank Maths SL 13
(d) METHOD 1

## choosing appropriate vectors, BA , BC (A1)

finding the scalar product M1
e.g. -2(1) + 4(1) + 2(-1), 2(1) + (-4)(1) + (-2)(-1)

cos ABC = 0 A1 N1
METHOD 2

BC parallel to AD (may show this on a diagram with points labelled) R1

BC ^ AB (may show this on a diagram with points labelled) R1
C
AB = 90

cos ABC = 0 A1 N1


## 12. (a) (i) evidence of approach (M1)

96

AO OB, B A, 6 2
15 10
e.g.
3

AB 4
5
(accept (3, 4, 5)) A1 N2

## (ii) evidence of finding the magnitude of the velocity vector M1

2 2 2
e.g. speed = 3 4 5
speed = 50 ( 5 2 ) A1 N1

## (b) correct equation (accept Cartesian and parametric forms) A2 N2

6 3 9 3

2 t 4 , r 6 t 4
10 5 15 5
e.g. r =


IB Questionbank Maths SL 14
13. (a) (i) evidence of combining vectors (M1)
e.g. AB OB OA
2
AB
3 A1 N2

3
AC
(ii) 2 A1 N1

## (ii) scalar product 0 = perpendicular, = 90 (R1)

sin = 1 A1 N2


2 6

6 and v 10
10 2
14. (a) Using direction vectors u = (M1)
u 4 36 100 140 , v 36 100 4 140
A1A1
u v = 12 + 60 20 = 52 A1
52
cos = 140 140 A1
52
= 140 AG N0

## (b) (i) For substituting s = 1 (M1)

Correct calculations (A1)
9 + 1(2) = 7, 4 + 1(6) = 10, 6 + 1(10) = 4
7

10
4
position vector of P is A1 N3

IB Questionbank Maths SL 15
7 1 6

10 20 t 10
4 2 2
(ii) For substituting into the equation (M1)
For one correct equation A1
e.g. 7 = 1 6t
Solving gives t = 1 A1
verify for second coordinate, 10 = 20 + (1)(10) A1
verify for third coordinate, 4 = 2 + (1)(2) A1
Thus, P is also on L2. AG N0

2 6

6 x
10 30
(c) k (M1)
2k = 6
k = 3 A1
x = 3 6 = 18 A1 N2


## 15. (a) uv=8+3+p (A1)

For equating scalar product equal to zero (M1)
8+3+p=0
p = -11 A1 N3

u 2 2 3 2 1
2
14 , 3.74
(b) = (M1)
q 14 14 A1

q = 14 3.74 A1 N2


5

16. (a) PQ = 3 A1A1 N2

IB Questionbank Maths SL 16
(b) Using r = a + tb
x 1 5
t
y 6 3 A2A1A1 N4


1 3

AB OB OA 5 2
3 1
17. (a) (M1)
2

AB 3
2
A2 N3

(b) Using r = a + tb
x 3 2 x 1 2

y 2 t 3 or y 5 t 3
z 1 2 z 3 2
A1A1A1 N3


1 x
AB , OR
18. (a) 3 3 3x A1A1 N2

(b) AB OR x 3 3 3x A1

AB OR 0 10 x 9 0 M1
9 3
,
R is 10 10 A1A1 N2


IB Questionbank Maths SL 17
19. (a) OG = 5i + 5j 5k A2 2

(b) BD = 5i + 5k A2 2

(c) EB = 5i + 5j 5k A2 2
Note: Award A0(A2)(A2) if the 5 is consistently omitted.


4 3

20. (a) Finding correct vectors, AB = 3 AC = 1 A1A1
Substituting correctly in the scalar product
AB AC = 4(3) + 3(1) A1
= 9 AG 3

(b) | AB | = 5 | AC | = 10 (A1)(A1)
9
Attempting to use scalar product formula cos BAC = 5 10 M1
= 0.569 (3 s.f) AG 3


21. METHOD 1
Using a b = ab cos q (may be implied) (M1)

3 2 3 2
cos
4 1 4 1 (A1)
3 2
3 2 4 1 2
Correct value of scalar product 4 1 (A1)

3 2
25 5 , 5
4 1
Correct magnitudes (A1)(A1)
2
cos
125 (A1) (C6)

IB Questionbank Maths SL 18
METHOD 2

3
25
4 (A1)

2
5
1 (A1)

5
34
3 (A1)
Using cosine rule (M1)
34 25 5 25 5 cos (A1)
2
cos
125 (A1) (C6)


16 9 25 = 5
22. (a) = (M1)(A1) (C2)

2 4 6
2
(b) 1 3 7 (so B is (6, 7) ) (M1)(A1) (C2)

2 4
t
(c) r = 1 3 (not unique) (A2) (C2)
Note: Award (A1) if r = is omitted, ie not
an equation.


## 23. Direction vectors are a = i 3j and b = i j. (A2)

a b = (1 + 3) (A1)
a = 10 , b = 2 (A1)
ab 4

ab 10 2
cos = (M1)
4
cos = 20 (A1) (C6)


IB Questionbank Maths SL 19
24. METHOD 1
At point of intersection:
5 + 3 = 2 + 4t (M1)
l 2 = 2 + t (M1)
Attempting to solve the linear system (M1)
= l (or t = 1) (A1)
2
OP
3 (A1)(A1) (C6)

METHOD 2
(changing to Cartesian coordinates)
2x + 3y = 13, x 4y = 10 (M1)(A1)(A1)
Attempt to solve the system (M1)
2
OP
3 (A1)(A1) (C6)
Note: Award (C5) for the point P(2, 3).

16 9
( ); ;; ( ); ;; .; ;; ;;
25. (a)c d = 3 5
+ 4 (12) (M1)
= 33 (A1) (C2)


## (so B is (6, 7) ) (M1)(A1) (C2)

2 4 4 6
t t
(c) r = 1 3 26. B, or r = 4 2 (C3)
7 3
t
D, or r = 5 1 (C3)
Note: Award C4 for B, D and one incorrect,
C3 for one correct and nothing else, C1 for one correct and one
incorrect, C0 for anything else.


IB Questionbank Maths SL 20
60 30

27. (a) 25 40 = 60 (30) + 25 40 (M1)
= 800 (A1) (C2)

800

(b) cos =
60 2 25 2 30 2 40 2 (M1)(A1)
Note: Trig solutions:
Award M1 for attempt to use a correct strategy, A1 for correct
values.
cos = 0.246... (A1)
= 104.25... (or 255.75...) (A1) (C4)
She turns through 104 (or 256)


28. x = l 2t (A1)
y = 2 + 3t (A1)
x 1 y 2

2 3 (M1)
3x + 2y = 7 (A1)(A1)(A1) (C6)


## 29. Angle between lines = angle between direction vectors. (M1)

4 1

Direction vectors are and
3 1 . (A1)
4 1 4 1

3 . 1= 3 1 cos q (M1)

4(1) + 3(1) =
42 32 12 1
2

cos q (A1)
1
cos q = 5 2 = 0.1414 (A1)
q = 81.9 (3 sf), (1.43 radians) (A1) (C6)

IB Questionbank Maths SL 21
4

Note: If candidates find the angle between the vectors
1
2

4
and , award marks as below:
4 2

Angle required is between 1 and 4 (M0)(A0)
4 2 4 2

1 . 4 = 1 4 cos q (M1)

4(2) + (1) 4 =
42 1
2

22 42 cos q (A1)
4
17 20 = cos q = 0.2169 (A1)
q = 77.5 (3sf), (1.35 radians) (A1) (C4)


a.b
ab
30. cos = (M1)
4 14
= 20 50 (A1)
10
= 10 10
1
= 10 (= 0.3162) (A1)
q = 72 (to the nearest degree) (A1) (C4)


6 1

31. Direction vector = 5 3 (M1)
5

= 2 (A1)
x 1 5
t
y 3 2 (A2)

IB Questionbank Maths SL 22
OR
x 6 5
t
y 5 2 (A2) (C4)


2 x x 1

32. (a) x 3 5 = 0 (M1)(M1)
2x(x + 1) + (x 3)(5) = 0 (A1)
2
2x + 7x 15 = 0 (C3)

(b) METHOD 1
2
2x + 7x 15 = (2x 3)(x + 5) = 0
3
x = 2 or x = 5 (A1) (C1)
METHOD 2

7 7 2 4( 2)(15)

x= 2( 2)
3
x = 2 or x = 5 (A1) (C1)


1 6
.
33. 2 8
= 6 16 = 10 (A1)
1 6
12 2 2 5 , 6 2 8 2 100
2 8 = 10 (A1)
1 6 1 6
.
2 8 2 8 cosq
10 1 1

10 = 5 10 cosq cosq = 10 5 5 q = arccos 5 (M1)
q 117 (A1)


IB Questionbank Maths SL 23
2 x 4
.
34. 3 y 1 (M1) (M1)
Notes: Award (M1) for using scalar product.
x 4

Award (M1) for y 1 .
2(x 4) + 3(y + 1) = 0 (A1)
2x 8 + 3y + 3 = 0
2x + 3y = 5 (A1)

OR
2 3

Gradient of a line parallel to the vector 3 is 2 (M1)
2
Gradient of a line perpendicular to this line is 3 (M1)
2
So the equation is y + 1 = 3 (x 4) (A1)
3y + 3 = 2x + 8
2x + 3y = 5 (A1)


35. u + v = 4i + 3j (A1)
Then a(4i + 3j) = 8i + (b 2)j
4a = 8
3a = b2 (A1)
Whence a= 2 (A1) (C2)
b= 8 (A1) (C2)


IB Questionbank Maths SL 24
3 1

1 4
36. Required vector will be parallel to (M1)
4

5
= (A1)
1 4
t
4 5
Hence required equation is r = (A1)(A1) (C4)
3 4
s
Note: Accept alternative answers, eg 1 5 .


## 37. Vector equation of a line r = a + lt (M1)

0 2

0
a= , t = 3 (M1)(M1)
r = l(2i + 3j) (A1) (C4)


38. (a)
y
4
C
3
2
1
B
0 1 2 3 4 5 x
1
2
3
A

(A3) (C3)
Note: Award (A1) for B at (5, 1); (A1) for BC perpendicular to
AB; (A1) for AC parallel to the y-axis.

2
OC
(b) 3.25 (A1) (C1)
Note: Accept correct readings from diagram (allow 0.1).


IB Questionbank Maths SL 25
39. (a) CD OD OC (A1) (C1)

1
OA CD
(b) 2
1
(OD OC )
= 2 (A1) (C1)

1
OD (OD OC )
= 2 (A1)
1 1
OD OC
= 2 2 (A1) (C2)
Note: Deduct [1 mark] (once only) if appropriate vector
notation is omitted.


40. (a) u i 2 j v 3i 5 j

u 2v 5i 12 j (A1) (C1)

u 2v 52 122
(b)
= 13 (A1)
26
w (5i 12 j )
Vector 13 (A1)

= 10i 24 j (A1) (C3)


10
OB
41. (a) 5 (A1) (C1)
3
AC
6 (A1) (C1)

## (b) OB AC = (10 (3)) + (5 6) = 0 (M1)

Angle = 90 (A1) (C2)


IB Questionbank Maths SL 26