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1.

(a) correct equation in the form r = a + tb A2 N2 2


1 1

r 1 t 3
2 2

(b) (i) attempt to substitute t = 2 into the equation (M1)


2 1 1

6 , 1 2 3
4 2 2
e.g.

3

5

OP 2 3 A1 N2

(ii) correct substitution into formula for magnitude A1

3 2 5 2 (2) 2 , 3 2 5 2 2 2
e.g.

OP 38
A1 N1 4
[6]

3

BA 0
4
2. (a) (i) A1 N1

(ii) evidence of combining vectors (M1)


2 3

AB BC AC, BA AC, 2 0
6 4
e.g.

1

BC 2
2
A1 N2 3

IB Questionbank Maths SL 1
(b) (i) METHOD 1

BA BC, BA , BC
finding (A1)(A1)(A1)

BA BC 3 1 0 4 2, BA 3 2 4 2 , BC 3
e.g.

substituting into formula for cos M1


3 1 0 4 2 5
,
2 2 53
e.g. 3 3 0 4
5 1
ABC
cos 15 3 A1 N3

METHOD 2

AC, BA , BC
finding (A1)(A1)(A1)

AC 2 2 2 2 6 2 , AB 3 2 4 2 , BC 3
e.g.
substituting into cosine rule M1


5 2 3 2 44 2

,
25 9 44
e.g. 25 3 30
10 1
ABC
cos 30 3 A1 N3

(ii) evidence of using Pythagoras (M1)


2 2
e.g. right-angled triangle with values, sin x + cos x =1
8 2 2
ABC
3 3
sin A1 N2 7

(c) (i) attempt to find an expression for CD (M1)


2
( 4) 2 5 2 p 2 , CD 42 52 p 2
e.g.
correct equation A1

( 4) 2 5 2 p 2 50 ,4 2 5 2 p 2 50
e.g.
p2 9 A1
p 3 AG N0

(ii) evidence of scalar product (M1)

IB Questionbank Maths SL 2
4 1

5 2 , CD BC
3 2
e.g.

correct substitution
e.g. 4 1+ 5 2 + 3 2, 4 + 10 6 A1

CD BC 0 A1

CD is perpendicular to BC AG N0 6
[16]

3. (a) evidence of appropriate approach (M1)

AC AB, 4 3
4 1
e.g.

BC 1
3 A1 N2 2

(b) METHOD 1

AD 1
3 (A1)
correct approach A1

AD AB, 1 3
e.g. 3 1

2
BD
2 AG N0 2
METHOD 2

Recognizing CD BA (A1)
correct approach A1

BC CD , 1 3
e.g. 3 1

BD 2
2 AG N0 2

IB Questionbank Maths SL 3
(c) METHOD 1
evidence of scalar product (M1)

BD AC, 2 4
e.g. 2 4

correct substitution A1
e.g. (2)(4) + (2)(4), 8 + 8

BD AC 0 A1

therefore vectors BD and AC are perpendicular AG N0 3

METHOD 2
attempt to find angle between two vectors (M1)
ab
e.g. ab
correct substitution A1
2 4 2 4 , cos 0
e.g. 8 32

90 A1

therefore vectors BD and AC are perpendicular AG N0


[7]

4. (a) any correct equation in the form r = a + tb (accept any parameter) A2 N2


8 2

5 t 1
25 8
e.g. r =

Note: Award A1 for a + tb, A1 for L = a + tb, A0 for r = b + ta.

IB Questionbank Maths SL 4
(b) recognizing scalar product must be zero (seen anywhere) R1
e.g. a b = 0
2 7

1 , 2
8 k
evidence of choosing direction vectors (A1)(A1)
correct calculation of scalar product (A1)
e.g. 2(7) + 1(2) 8k
simplification that clearly leads to solution A1
e.g. 16 8k, 16 8k =0
k = 2 AG N0

(c) evidence of equating vectors (M1)


3 2 5 7

3 p 1 0 q 2
25 8 3 2
e.g. L1 = L3,

any two correct equations A1A1


e.g. 3 + 2p = 5 7q, 1 + p = 2q, 25 8p = 3 2q
attempting to solve equations (M1)
finding one correct parameter (p = 3, q = 2) A1
the coordinates of A are (9, 4, 1) A1 N3

(d) (i) evidence of appropriate approach (M1)


8 9

OA AB OB, AB 5 4
25 1
e.g.
1

AB 1
26
A1 N2

7

AC 2
2
(ii) finding A1
evidence of finding magnitude (M1)
2 2 2
AC 7 2 2
e.g.
AC 57
A1 N3
[18]

5. (a) evidence of appropriate approach (M1)

IB Questionbank Maths SL 5
2 6

BC BA AC, 3 2
2 3
e.g.
8

BC 1
1
A1 N2

(b) attempt to find the length of AB (M1)


AB 6 2 (2) 2 3 2 ( 36 4 9 49 7)
(A1)
6

6 7
1 2
2
7 7
3
3

unit vector is 7 A1 N2

(c) recognizing that the dot product or cos being 0 implies perpendicular (M1)
correct substitution in a scalar product formula A1
12 6 6
e.g. (6) (2) + (2) (3) + (3) (2), cos = 7 17

correct calculation A1
e.g. AB AC = 0, cos = 0
therefore, they are perpendicular AG N0
[8]

A1

CD BC 0 6. (a) (i)
correct approach A1
5 1
OC OA,
e.g. 2 0
4
AC
2 AG N0

IB Questionbank Maths SL 6
(ii) appropriate approach (M1)
4 1

1 5
e.g. D B, , move 3 to the right and 6 down
3
BD
6 A1 N2

(iii) finding the scalar product A1


e.g. 4(3) + 2(6), 12 12
valid reasoning R1
e.g. 4(3) + 2(6) = 0, scalar product is zero
AC is perpendicular to BD AG N0

(b) (i) correct position vector for u; direction vector for v A1A1 N2
5 1 4 2
, u ; v , v
2 0 2 1
e.g. u =
5 4
t
2 2
accept in equation e.g.

(ii) any correct equation in the form r = a + tb, where b = BD


1 3 x 4 1
t , t
e.g. r = 5 6 y 1 2 A2 N2

(c) METHOD 1
substitute (3, k) into equation for (AC) or (BD) (M1)
e.g. 3 = 1 + 4s, 3 = 1 + 3t
value of t or s A1
1 1 2 1
, , t ,
e.g. s = 2 2 3 3,
substituting A1
1
(2)
e.g. k = 0 + 2 ,
k=1 AG N0

IB Questionbank Maths SL 7
METHOD 2
setting up two equations (M1)
e.g. 1 + 4s = 4 + 3t, 2s = 1 6t; setting vector equations of lines equal
value of t or s A1
1 1 2 1
, , t ,
e.g. s = 2 2 3 3
substituting A1
4 1 3

1 3 6
e.g. r = ,
k=1 AG N0

1
PD
(d) 2 (A1)

PD 2 2 12 ( 5 )
(A1)

AC 4 2 2 2 ( 20 )
(A1)
1 1
AC PD 20 5
area = 2 2 M1
=5 A1 N4
[17]

7. (a) (i) evidence of approach (M1)


e.g. PQ PO OQ, Q P
1

PQ 2
1
A1 N2

2

PR 2
4
(ii) A1 N1

IB Questionbank Maths SL 8
(b) METHOD 1

choosing correct vectors PQ and PR (A1)(A1)


PQ PR , PQ , PR
finding (A1) (A1)(A1)
PQ PR = 2 + 4 + 4 (= 6)

PQ ( 1) 2 2 2 12 ( 6 ), PR 2 2 2 2 4 2 ( 24)
substituting into formula for angle between two vectors M1
6
cos RPQ
e.g. 6 24
1
simplifying to expression clearly leading to 2 A1
6 6 6
, ,
e.g. 6 2 6 144 12
1
cos RPQ
2 AG N0

METHOD 2
evidence of choosing cosine rule (seen anywhere) (M1)
3

QR 0
3
A1
QR 18 , PQ 6 and PR 24
(A1)(A1)(A1)
2 2 2
( 6 ) ( 24 ) ( 18 )
cos RPQ
2 6 24 A1
6 24 18 12
cos RPQ
24 24 A1
1
cos RPQ
2 AG N0

(c) (i) METHOD 1


evidence of appropriate approach (M1)
2 2
e.g. using sin RPQ cos RPQ 1 , diagram
substituting correctly (A1)
2
1
sin RPQ 1
e.g. 2
3 3
sin RPQ
4 2
A1 N3

METHOD 2

IB Questionbank Maths SL 9
1
cos P , P 60
since 2 (A1)
evidence of approach
e.g. drawing a right triangle, finding the missing side (A1)
3
sin P
2 A1 N3

(ii) evidence of appropriate approach (M1)


1
e.g. attempt to substitute into 2 ab sin C
correct substitution
1 3
6 24
e.g. area = 2 2 A1
area = 3 3 A1 N2
[16]

8. finding scalar product and magnitudes (A1)(A1)(A1)


scalar product = 12 20 15 (= 23)
3 2 4 2 5 2 , 4 2 (5) 2 ( 3) 2 ( 50 , 50 )
magnitudes =
substitution into formula M1
12 20 15
( 3 2 4 2 5 2 ) ( 4 2 ( 5) 2 (3) 2 )
e.g. cos =
23

cos = 50 (= 0.46) A2 N4
[6]

8 0

1 t 0
0 1
9. (a) L1: r = A2 N2

IB Questionbank Maths SL 10
(b) evidence of equating r and OA (M1)
6 2 2

2 4 s 1
9 1 5
e.g. ,A=r

one correct equation A1


e.g. 6 = 2 + 2s, 2 = 4 s, 9 = 1 + 5s, s=2 A1
evidence of confirming for other two equations A1
e.g. 6 = 2 + 4, 2 = 4 2, 9 = 1 + 10
so A lies on L2 AG N0

(c) (i) evidence of approach M1


2 2 8 0

4 s 1 1 t 0
1 5 0 1
e.g. L =L
1 2

one correct equation A1


e.g. 2 + 2s = 8, 4 s = 1, 1 + 5s = t
attempt to solve (M1)
finding s = 3 A1
substituting M1
2 2

OB 4 3 1
1 5
e.g.

8

OB 1
14
AG N0

(ii) evidence of appropriate approach (M1)


e.g. AB AO OB, AB OB OA
2

AB 1
5
A1 N2

IB Questionbank Maths SL 11
(d) evidence of appropriate approach (M1)
e.g. AB DC
correct values A1
2 2 x 2 2 2 2x

OD 1 1 , y 1 1 , 1 1 y
5 4 z 5 4 5 4 z
e.g.
0

OD 2
9
A1 N2
[16]

10. (a) evidence of equating scalar product to 0 (M1)


2 3 + 3 (1) + (1) p = 0 (6 3 p = 0, 3 p = 0) A1
p=3 A1 N2

(b) evidence of substituting into magnitude formula (M1)


2
1 q 25 2
e.g. , 1 + q + 25
setting up a correct equation A1
2
1 q 25 42 2 2
e.g. , 1 + q + 25 = 42, q = 16
q = 4 A1 N2
[6]

11. (a) (i) evidence of combining vectors (M1)



e.g. AB = OB - OA (or AD = AO + OD in part (ii))
2

4
2
AB = A1 N2

2


k 5

(ii) AD = 2 A1 N1

IB Questionbank Maths SL 12
(b) evidence of using perpendicularity scalar product = 0 (M1)
2 2

e.g . 4 k 5 0
2 2

4 - 4(k - 5) + 4 = 0 A1
-4k + 28 = 0 (accept any correct equation clearly leading to k = 7) A1
k=7 AG N0

2

2
2
(c) AD = (A1)
1

1
1
BC = A1
evidence of correct approach (M1)
3 1 x 3 1

OC OB BC , 1 1 , y 1 1
2 1 z 2 1
e.g.

4

2

1
OC = A1 N3

IB Questionbank Maths SL 13
(d) METHOD 1

choosing appropriate vectors, BA , BC (A1)


finding the scalar product M1
e.g. -2(1) + 4(1) + 2(-1), 2(1) + (-4)(1) + (-2)(-1)

cos ABC = 0 A1 N1
METHOD 2

BC parallel to AD (may show this on a diagram with points labelled) R1

BC ^ AB (may show this on a diagram with points labelled) R1
C
AB = 90

cos ABC = 0 A1 N1
[13]

12. (a) (i) evidence of approach (M1)


96

AO OB, B A, 6 2
15 10
e.g.
3

AB 4
5
(accept (3, 4, 5)) A1 N2

(ii) evidence of finding the magnitude of the velocity vector M1


2 2 2
e.g. speed = 3 4 5
speed = 50 ( 5 2 ) A1 N1

(b) correct equation (accept Cartesian and parametric forms) A2 N2


6 3 9 3

2 t 4 , r 6 t 4
10 5 15 5
e.g. r =
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 14
13. (a) (i) evidence of combining vectors (M1)
e.g. AB OB OA
2
AB
3 A1 N2

3
AC
(ii) 2 A1 N1

(b) (i) AB AC = (2)(3) + (3)(2) = 0 A1 N1

(ii) scalar product 0 = perpendicular, = 90 (R1)


sin = 1 A1 N2
[6]

2 6

6 and v 10
10 2
14. (a) Using direction vectors u = (M1)
u 4 36 100 140 , v 36 100 4 140
A1A1
u v = 12 + 60 20 = 52 A1
52
cos = 140 140 A1
52
= 140 AG N0

(b) (i) For substituting s = 1 (M1)


Correct calculations (A1)
9 + 1(2) = 7, 4 + 1(6) = 10, 6 + 1(10) = 4
7

10
4
position vector of P is A1 N3

IB Questionbank Maths SL 15
7 1 6

10 20 t 10
4 2 2
(ii) For substituting into the equation (M1)
For one correct equation A1
e.g. 7 = 1 6t
Solving gives t = 1 A1
verify for second coordinate, 10 = 20 + (1)(10) A1
verify for third coordinate, 4 = 2 + (1)(2) A1
Thus, P is also on L2. AG N0

2 6

6 x
10 30
(c) k (M1)
2k = 6
k = 3 A1
x = 3 6 = 18 A1 N2
[16]

15. (a) uv=8+3+p (A1)


For equating scalar product equal to zero (M1)
8+3+p=0
p = -11 A1 N3

u 2 2 3 2 1
2
14 , 3.74
(b) = (M1)
q 14 14 A1

q = 14 3.74 A1 N2
[6]

5

16. (a) PQ = 3 A1A1 N2

IB Questionbank Maths SL 16
(b) Using r = a + tb
x 1 5
t
y 6 3 A2A1A1 N4
[6]


1 3


AB OB OA 5 2
3 1
17. (a) (M1)
2

AB 3
2
A2 N3

(b) Using r = a + tb
x 3 2 x 1 2

y 2 t 3 or y 5 t 3
z 1 2 z 3 2
A1A1A1 N3
[6]

1 x
AB , OR
18. (a) 3 3 3x A1A1 N2

(b) AB OR x 3 3 3x A1

AB OR 0 10 x 9 0 M1
9 3
,
R is 10 10 A1A1 N2
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 17
19. (a) OG = 5i + 5j 5k A2 2

(b) BD = 5i + 5k A2 2

(c) EB = 5i + 5j 5k A2 2
Note: Award A0(A2)(A2) if the 5 is consistently omitted.
[6]

4 3

20. (a) Finding correct vectors, AB = 3 AC = 1 A1A1
Substituting correctly in the scalar product
AB AC = 4(3) + 3(1) A1
= 9 AG 3

(b) | AB | = 5 | AC | = 10 (A1)(A1)
9
Attempting to use scalar product formula cos BAC = 5 10 M1
= 0.569 (3 s.f) AG 3
[6]

21. METHOD 1
Using a b = ab cos q (may be implied) (M1)

3 2 3 2
cos
4 1 4 1 (A1)
3 2
3 2 4 1 2
Correct value of scalar product 4 1 (A1)

3 2
25 5 , 5
4 1
Correct magnitudes (A1)(A1)
2
cos
125 (A1) (C6)

IB Questionbank Maths SL 18
METHOD 2

3
25
4 (A1)

2
5
1 (A1)

5
34
3 (A1)
Using cosine rule (M1)
34 25 5 25 5 cos (A1)
2
cos
125 (A1) (C6)
[6]

16 9 25 = 5
22. (a) = (M1)(A1) (C2)

2 4 6
2
(b) 1 3 7 (so B is (6, 7) ) (M1)(A1) (C2)

2 4
t
(c) r = 1 3 (not unique) (A2) (C2)
Note: Award (A1) if r = is omitted, ie not
an equation.
[6]

23. Direction vectors are a = i 3j and b = i j. (A2)


a b = (1 + 3) (A1)
a = 10 , b = 2 (A1)
ab 4

ab 10 2
cos = (M1)
4
cos = 20 (A1) (C6)
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 19
24. METHOD 1
At point of intersection:
5 + 3 = 2 + 4t (M1)
l 2 = 2 + t (M1)
Attempting to solve the linear system (M1)
= l (or t = 1) (A1)
2
OP
3 (A1)(A1) (C6)

METHOD 2
(changing to Cartesian coordinates)
2x + 3y = 13, x 4y = 10 (M1)(A1)(A1)
Attempt to solve the system (M1)
2
OP
3 (A1)(A1) (C6)
Note: Award (C5) for the point P(2, 3).

16 9
( ); ;; ( ); ;; .; ;; ;;
25. (a)c d = 3 5
+ 4 (12) (M1)
= 33 (A1) (C2)
[2]

(so B is (6, 7) ) (M1)(A1) (C2)

2 4 4 6
t t
(c) r = 1 3 26. B, or r = 4 2 (C3)
7 3
t
D, or r = 5 1 (C3)
Note: Award C4 for B, D and one incorrect,
C3 for one correct and nothing else, C1 for one correct and one
incorrect, C0 for anything else.
[6]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 20
60 30

27. (a) 25 40 = 60 (30) + 25 40 (M1)
= 800 (A1) (C2)

800

(b) cos =
60 2 25 2 30 2 40 2 (M1)(A1)
Note: Trig solutions:
Award M1 for attempt to use a correct strategy, A1 for correct
values.
cos = 0.246... (A1)
= 104.25... (or 255.75...) (A1) (C4)
She turns through 104 (or 256)
Note: Accept answers in radians ie 1.82 or 4.46.
[6]

28. x = l 2t (A1)
y = 2 + 3t (A1)
x 1 y 2

2 3 (M1)
3x + 2y = 7 (A1)(A1)(A1) (C6)
[6]

29. Angle between lines = angle between direction vectors. (M1)


4 1

Direction vectors are and
3 1 . (A1)
4 1 4 1

3 . 1= 3 1 cos q (M1)

4(1) + 3(1) =
42 32 12 1
2

cos q (A1)
1
cos q = 5 2 = 0.1414 (A1)
q = 81.9 (3 sf), (1.43 radians) (A1) (C6)

IB Questionbank Maths SL 21
4

Note: If candidates find the angle between the vectors
1
2

4
and , award marks as below:
4 2

Angle required is between 1 and 4 (M0)(A0)
4 2 4 2

1 . 4 = 1 4 cos q (M1)

4(2) + (1) 4 =
42 1
2


22 42 cos q (A1)
4
17 20 = cos q = 0.2169 (A1)
q = 77.5 (3sf), (1.35 radians) (A1) (C4)
[6]

a.b
ab
30. cos = (M1)
4 14
= 20 50 (A1)
10
= 10 10
1
= 10 (= 0.3162) (A1)
q = 72 (to the nearest degree) (A1) (C4)
Note: Award (C2) for a radian answer between 1.2 and 1.25.
[4]

6 1

31. Direction vector = 5 3 (M1)
5

= 2 (A1)
x 1 5
t
y 3 2 (A2)

IB Questionbank Maths SL 22
OR
x 6 5
t
y 5 2 (A2) (C4)
[4]

2 x x 1

32. (a) x 3 5 = 0 (M1)(M1)
2x(x + 1) + (x 3)(5) = 0 (A1)
2
2x + 7x 15 = 0 (C3)

(b) METHOD 1
2
2x + 7x 15 = (2x 3)(x + 5) = 0
3
x = 2 or x = 5 (A1) (C1)
METHOD 2

7 7 2 4( 2)(15)

x= 2( 2)
3
x = 2 or x = 5 (A1) (C1)
[4]

1 6
.
33. 2 8
= 6 16 = 10 (A1)
1 6
12 2 2 5 , 6 2 8 2 100
2 8 = 10 (A1)
1 6 1 6
.
2 8 2 8 cosq
10 1 1

10 = 5 10 cosq cosq = 10 5 5 q = arccos 5 (M1)
q 117 (A1)
[4]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 23
2 x 4
.
34. 3 y 1 (M1) (M1)
Notes: Award (M1) for using scalar product.
x 4

Award (M1) for y 1 .
2(x 4) + 3(y + 1) = 0 (A1)
2x 8 + 3y + 3 = 0
2x + 3y = 5 (A1)

OR
2 3

Gradient of a line parallel to the vector 3 is 2 (M1)
2
Gradient of a line perpendicular to this line is 3 (M1)
2
So the equation is y + 1 = 3 (x 4) (A1)
3y + 3 = 2x + 8
2x + 3y = 5 (A1)
[4]

35. u + v = 4i + 3j (A1)
Then a(4i + 3j) = 8i + (b 2)j
4a = 8
3a = b2 (A1)
Whence a= 2 (A1) (C2)
b= 8 (A1) (C2)
[4]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 24
3 1

1 4
36. Required vector will be parallel to (M1)
4

5
= (A1)
1 4
t
4 5
Hence required equation is r = (A1)(A1) (C4)
3 4
s
Note: Accept alternative answers, eg 1 5 .
[4]

37. Vector equation of a line r = a + lt (M1)


0 2

0
a= , t = 3 (M1)(M1)
r = l(2i + 3j) (A1) (C4)
[4]

38. (a)
y
4
C
3
2
1
B
0 1 2 3 4 5 x
1
2
3
A

(A3) (C3)
Note: Award (A1) for B at (5, 1); (A1) for BC perpendicular to
AB; (A1) for AC parallel to the y-axis.

2
OC
(b) 3.25 (A1) (C1)
Note: Accept correct readings from diagram (allow 0.1).
[4]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 25
39. (a) CD OD OC (A1) (C1)

1
OA CD
(b) 2
1
(OD OC )
= 2 (A1) (C1)

(c) AD OD OA
1
OD (OD OC )
= 2 (A1)
1 1
OD OC
= 2 2 (A1) (C2)
Note: Deduct [1 mark] (once only) if appropriate vector
notation is omitted.
[4]


40. (a) u i 2 j v 3i 5 j

u 2v 5i 12 j (A1) (C1)

u 2v 52 122
(b)
= 13 (A1)
26
w (5i 12 j )
Vector 13 (A1)

= 10i 24 j (A1) (C3)
[4]

10
OB
41. (a) 5 (A1) (C1)
3
AC
6 (A1) (C1)

(b) OB AC = (10 (3)) + (5 6) = 0 (M1)


Angle = 90 (A1) (C2)
[4]

IB Questionbank Maths SL 26