Sie sind auf Seite 1von 8

HAVE + OBJECT + PAST PARTICIPLE

HAVE SOMETHING DONE


(3 columna en el caso de los verbos irregulares)

Esta estructura se utiliza para expresar que alguien realiza alguna actividad para
nosotros:

- Jim had the tap fixed (he paid for a plumber). El fontanero arregl el grifo.

CAMBIOS EN LA ESTRUCTURA DEL VERBO

Present simple: She cleans her house > She has her house cleaned.
Present continuous: She is cleaning her house > She is having her house cleaned
Past simple: She cleaned her house > She had her house cleaned
Past cont: She was cleaning her house > She was having her house cleaned
Future simple: She will clean her house > She will have her house cleaned
Future cont: She will be cleaning her house > She will be having her house cleaned
Future perfect: She will have cleaned her house > She will have had her house cleaned
Present perfect: She has cleaned her house > She has had her house cleaned
Present perfect cont: She has been cleaning her house > She has been having her house
cleaned
Past perfect: She had cleaned her house > She had had her house cleaned
Past perfect cont.: had been cleaning her house > She had been having her house cleaned
Infinitive: She must clean her house > She must have her house cleaned
Gerund: She likes cleaning her house > She likes having her house cleaned

En el present simple y pasado simple, la negativa e interrogativa se forma con


do/does y did
She doesn't have her house cleaned (present simple)
She didn't have her house cleaned (past simple)

"GET"
- Se usa en lugar de "be" en el tiempo pasivo, para expresar algo que ocurre por
accidente:
He got hurt last Monday (more usual than: He was hurt last Monday)
- Get se usa en vez de "Have" en ingls informal hablado.
I think you should get your hair cut.

Ejemplos:

Liz and Meg are having their hair dyed.


Liz y Meg se estn haciendo teir el pelo.
Mr. Singer always has his suits made at the tailor's shop.
El seor Singer siempre se hace hacer los trajes en la sastrera.
Jake had his groceries delivered two hours ago.
Le trajeron las compras a Jake hace dos horas.
We had our house burgled last weekend.
El fin de semana pasado entraron a nuestra casa a robar.
Diane has had her printer cartridges refilled.
Diane hizo recargar los cartuchos de su impresora.
We'd just had our house fumigated .
Habamos acabado de hacer fumigar la casa.
You should have your eyes checked.
Deberas hacerte revisar los ojos.
Jenny will have her ears pierced.
Jenny se va a hacer perforar las orejas.
Tambin se puede usar el get en lugar del have en contextos ms informales.

I usually get my hair done at Luigi's.


Generalmente me peino en lu de Luigi.
Martin got his tonsils removed yesterday.
A Martin le extirparon las amgdalas ayer.
You must get this pipe fixed as soon as possible.
Debes hacer arreglar este cao lo antes posible.
OTROS VERBOS CAUSATIVOS.

Let / Make / Have / Get


The following is a mini-tutorial on the use of the causative verbs "let," "make," "have," and
"get." After you have studied the tutorial, complete the associated exercises. If you already
know how to use these verbs, you can skip the explanation and go directly to the
exercises.

Let
FORM
[let + person + infinitive without "to").

USE
This construction means "to allow someone to do something."

Examples:

John let me drive his new car.


Will your parents let you go to the party?
I don't know if my boss will let me take the day off.

Make
FORM
[make + person + infinitive without "to")

USE
This construction means "to force someone to do something."

Examples:

My teacher made me apologize for what I had said.


Did somebody make you wear that ugly hat?
She made her children do their homework.

Have
FORM
[have + person + infinitive without "to")

USE
This construction means "to give someone the responsibility to do something."

Examples:

Dr. Smith had his nurse take the patient's temperature.


Please have your secretary fax me the information.
I had the mechanic check the brakes.

Get
FORM
[get + person + to + to infinitive)

USE
This construction usually means "to convince to do something" or "to trick someone into
doing something."

Examples:

Susie got her son to take the medicine even though it tasted terrible.
How can parents get their children to read more?
The government TV commercials are trying to get people to stop smoking.

Get vs. Have


Sometimes "get someone to do something" is interchangeable with "have someone do
something," but these expressions do not mean exactly the same thing.
Examples:

I got the mechanic to check my brakes.


AT FIRST THE MECHANIC DIDN'T THINK IT WAS NECESSARY, BUT I CONVINCED HIM TO
CHECK THE BRAKES.
I had the mechanic check my brakes.
I ASKED THE MECHANIC TO CHECK THE BRAKES.
Causative form
Usamos have + object + past participle para decir que alguien ha hecho
algo por nosotros. El past participle tiene un significado pasivo (passive
meaning).

Jackie had her jacket cleaned at the dry cleaner's.

(She didn't clean it herself).

Preguntas y negaciones del verbo have son formados con do/does (present
simple) o did (past simple).

Did you have the photographs developed yesterday?

Tambin usamos have something done para hablar sobre una experiencia
desagradable que alguien tuvo.

Last night Neil had his mobile phone stolen.


(his mobile phone was stolen).

Podemos usar el verbo get en lugar de have en una conversacin informal.

I'm going to get a new lock fitted on the front door.


(She didn't clean it herself).

Nota: El orden de las palabras es muy importante. Tony had his car repaired
y Tony had repaired his car tienen significados diferentes. En la primera Tony
qued con alguien para que ste reparase el coche mientras que en la segunda
el mismo Tony repar el coche.

Regular active form Causative form

Present Simple She washes the windows. She has the windows
washed.
Present Continuous She is washing the windows. She is having the
windows washed.

Present Perfect
- Simple She has washed the windows. She has had the
windows washed.

- Continuous She has been washing the She has been


windows. having the win-
dows washed.

Past Simple She washed the windows. She had the win-
dows washed.

Past Continuous She was washed the windows. She was having the
windows washed.

Past Perfect
- Simple She had washed the windows. She had had the
windows washed.

- Continuous She had been washing the She had been


windows. having the win-
dows washed.

Future Simple She will wash the windows. She will have the
windows washed.

Future Contiuous She will be washing the She will be having


windows. the windows
washed.

Infinitive She should wash the windows. She should have


the windows
washed.

-ing form It's worth washing the windows. It's worth having
the windows
washed.
https://www.quora.com/What-is-happiness-for-you-3

For me, happiness is a way of life, a choice, and it comes from passion.

Are you responsible for your own happiness?

Yes, I believe that we are responsible for our happiness. It is a skill set, that we
can work on to achieve. Our brain has a natural propensity towards keeping us
safe and focusing on the negative is helpful for our safety. Choosing to
exercise our happy neurons strengthens their connections. Research supports
that activities such as gratitude and meditation increase our happiness.
Focusing on the negative decreases it. Ultimately it is about choosing which
dragon to feedthe one that increases your negativity or the one that
increases your happiness. I like to focus on strengthening my happiness
dragon.

Many people believe that happiness is having fun at a party, the excitement of
new experiences, the thrill and passion of sex, or the delights of a fine meal.

These are all wonderful experiences to be cherished and cultivated but they
are not happiness. These experiences are the definition of pleasure.

Pleasure is fleeting and must be if it is to continue to please us because if we


have these joyful experiences all the time, our brains adapt and turn pleasure
into routine. Once that happens, it takes even more to make us feel good
again. Chasing pleasure is not happiness.

So, What is happiness?

"Happiness is the meaning and purpose of life, the whole aim and end of
human existence."
Happiness is not determined by what's happening around you, but rather
what's happening inside you.

Happiness comes when you feel contented and fulfilled .How happy can we be,
depends on how we choose to act and think.

Happiness is not a goal to strive for but is rather an outcome from a life that is
dedicated to making a difference for good, that has chosen to be wholehearted
in all that it does and believes that their life was meant to count for something.

See, you can't find happiness it has to find you. Because happiness
pursued can never be caught but it will often creep up on you while you pursue
something else thats totally worthwhile. For in securing happiness for others
we soon discover it for ourselves. Remember, when we praise others -
happiness finds a soul-mate.

The truth is that happiness is mathematical - it's simply any excess over
expectation. So keep your selfish expectations low and you will find happiness
in all that you do. You can open every door to happiness and contentment with
the keys of love and duty.

Now while the past is full of regret and the future full of worry, happiness can
only be enjoyed in the present. So live in the present and find the abundant
happiness offered in the cottage of self sufficiency and independence and shun
the enticing palace of dependency and servitude.

https://www.quora.com/What-is-happiness-for-you-3