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PAKISTAN STUDIES

Instructor: Yumna Hasan


Office: Building H2, Room 7
Email: yumnahasan_91@hotmail.com
SYLLABUS

The course aims at a rational comprehension and an objective analysis of the various
dimensions of Pakistan. It is designed to create a balanced perception of the ideological
rationale and the political factors and forces that led to the creation of Pakistan. A history-
centric description of events and of personalities has been avoided to rationalize the course.

Contemporary Pakistan is seen as the outcome of complex political and constitutional


developments that evolved during the post-independence era. A clear understanding of the
political and constitutional processes, which determined the nature of authoritarianism and
democratic experiences in Pakistan, is imperative for the study of Pakistan.

Lastly, the processes of governance and national development as well as issues arising in the
modern age that pose challenges to Pakistan shall be studied. The main strands of Pakistans
foreign policy are to be examined in the context of historical constraints, geo-strategic
location and the stresses of the contemporary world. Based on such perspectives, a futuristic
scenario of Pakistan shall be explored. The course has been designed with a vision that
Pakistan Studies should open a window to future.

Course objectives:

To develop familiarity with the historical perspectives on Pakistan, and with its government
and politics.
To study the process of governance, national development, and the issues arising in the
modern age that pose challenges to Pakistan.

Reading Material:

The course pack is available with the photocopier. In addition to the readings in the course
pack, students must take extensive notes during lectures and prepare them well.

Final Assessment Criteria

Final Exam 35%


Mid-term Exam 20%
Term Paper & its Presentation 15%
Quizzes 10%
Class Participation 5%
Pair Presentation 10%
Attendance 5%

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PAKISTAN STUDIES

Lecture Session Readings

1. Indus Valley Civilization Garrety, John A., & Gay, Peter. (1984). Early India. In The
Columbia History of the World. New York. Harper & Row.

Ahsan, A. (2013). Introduction. In The Indus Saga and the


Making of Pakistan. Nehr Ghar Publications.

2. Evolution & growth of Muslim Talbot, I. (2005). Colonial Rule, Authoritarianism and
society in the subcontinent Regional History in North West India. In Pakistan: A
Modern History. London: Hurst & Co.: 53 65.

3. Ideology, Sir Syed Ahmad Khan & Jalal, A. (1995). Conjuring Pakistan: History as Official
the Aligarh Movement Imagining. International Journal of Middle Studies, 27, 73-
89.

4. War of Independence, Partition of Ahmed, J. (1967). Muslims Political Struggle. In Early


Bengal, Simla Deputation, All Phase of Political Movement. Publishers United.
India Muslim League & Minto
Morley Reforms)

5. Annulment of partition, Lucknow Ahmed, J. (1967). Muslims Political Struggle. In Early


Pact & the Khilafat Movement Phase of Political Movement. Publishers United.

Discussion of Sarojni Naidus Jinnah: An Ambassador of


Hindu-Muslim Unity

6. Montague Chelmsford Reforms, Varman, R. and Belk, R. W. (2009). Nationalism and


Jinnahs 14 points, Simon Report Ideology in an Anti-Consumption Movement. Journal of
Consumer Research, 686-700.
& RTCs

7. Government of India Act 1935, Quiz 1


elections & Congress rule

8. Pakistan Resolution, Cripps Discussion of the The Secret Telegram of the Governor
Mission, Cabinet Mission & General to the Secretary of State.
Independence Act 1947
9. Allama Iqbal & Muhammad Ali Discussion of the Two Letters from Iqbal to Jinnah
Jinnah
10. Pakistans governance and natural Cheema, S. and Popovski, V. (2010). Building Trust in
environment Government: Innovations in Governance Reform in Asia. In
Building Trust in Government in South Asia. United Nations
University Press.

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11. Pakistans early problems, the Nath, S. K. (1965). UNs Failure in Kashmir. The Economic
1950s
Weekly, 1506-1509.

12. Military Rule of General Ayub Quiz 2

Stephenson, G. V. (1968). Pakistan: Discontinuity and the


Majority Problem. Geographical Review. 58(2): 195 213

13. Gen. Yahya, creation of Bose, S. (2005). Anatomy of Violence: An Analysis of the
Civil War in East Pakistan in 1971. Economic and Political
Bangladesh Weekly. 40(41): 4463 4471

Nasr, V. (2004). Military Rule, Islamism and Democracy in


14. ZA Bhutto and General Zia Pakistan. Middle East Journal. 58 (2): 195209

Qureshi, S. (1980). Islam and Development: The Zia


Regime in Pakistan. World Development, 7, 563-575.

Waseem, M. (2002). Causes of Democratic Downslide.


Economic and Political Weekly. 37(44 45): 4532 4538

15. Revision
16. Mid-Term Exam

17. Benazir Bhutto Shafqat, S. (1996). Pakistan Under Benazir Bhutto. Asian
Survey, 36:7, 655-672.

18. Nawaz Sharif Faqir, K. et al. (2015). Revival of Democracy in Pakistan


1988-1999: An Analysis. Pakistan Journal of Social
Sciences, 35, 201-212.

19. Constitutions of 1956, 1962 & Quiz 3


1973, major amendments

20. Gen. Musharraf & PPPs 3rd regime Pasha, A. G. (2012). Making Devolution Work in Pakistan.
The Lahore Journal of Economics, 17, 339-357.

Chaudhary, S. A. (2000). Pakistans Economy: Potential and


21. The economy of Pakistan Challenges. The Pakistan Development Review. 39:4, 287-
292.

Zaidi, S. Akbar. (2008). Social and Structural


Transformations in Pakistan. Economic and Political
Weekly. 43 (20): 1011

Hasan, Pervez. (2007). Role of the State in Pakistans


Economy: Assessing the Past and Exploring Future
Challenges Economic and Political Weekly. 42 (18): 1623
1630
Javaid, U. (2011). Genesis and Effects of Religious
22. Social issues I: socio-economic Extremism in Pakistan. International Journal of Business

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challenges & religious extremism and Social Science, 2, 282-288.

A Great Deal of Ruin in a Nation. (2011). Pakistan, Asia,


The Economist,
March 31. http://www.economist.com/node/18488344

PILDAT. June 2011. Right to Free and Compulsory


Education in Pakistan: Enforcement of Article 25A of the
23. Social issues II: state of education, Constitution of Pakistan Background Paper. Islamabad:
poverty & corruption PILDAT.

Rana, M. A. (2014). Education Reform in Punjab: A


Decentralized Governance Framework for Government
Schools. Lahore Journal of Policy Studies, 5:1, 29-53.

Chaudhary, A. et al. (2015). Beyond the Poverty Line: A


Multi-dimensional Analysis of Poverty in Pakistan.
Pakistan: Moving the Economy Forward, Cambridge
University Press.

Javaid, U. (2010). Corruption and its Deep Impact on Good


Governance in Pakistan. Pakistan Economic and Social
Review, 48:1, 123-134.

24. Domestic and Foreign Policy of Chaudhary, S. A. (2011). Pakistan 2011: Policy Measures
Pakistan for the Economic Challenges Ahead. The Lahore Journal of
Economics, 16, 1-12.
25. Human rights, futuristic outlook of HRCP. 2011. Freedom of Thought, Conscience and
Pakistan Religion. State of Human Rights in Pakistan. 81 92.

HRCP. 2011. Freedom of Expression. State of Human


Rights in Pakistan. 93 108
26. Revision session
Session 27-29 Term Paper Presentations
30. FINAL EXAM

Recommended Books:

Ahmed, J. (1967). Early Phase of Political Movement. Publishers United.


Cohen, S.P. (2004). The Idea of Pakistan. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.
Cohen, S.P. (2011). The Future of Pakistan. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press.
Talbot, I. (1998). Pakistan: A Modern History. London: Hurst and Company.

Additional Readings:

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A Great Deal of Ruin in a Nation. 2011. Pakistan, Asia, The Economist, March
31. http://www.economist.com/node/18488344
Ahsan, A. (2013). The Indus Saga and the Making of Pakistan. Nehr Ghar Publications.
Bose, S. (2005). Anatomy of Violence: An Analysis of the Civil War in East Pakistan in 1971.
Economic and Political Weekly. 40(41): 4463 4471
Chaudhary, A. et al. (2015). Beyond the Poverty Line: A Multi-dimensional Analysis of
Poverty in Pakistan. Pakistan: Moving the Economy Forward, Cambridge University
Press.
Chaudhary, S. A. (2000). Pakistans Economy: Potential and Challenges. The Pakistan
Development Review. 39:4, 287-292.
Chaudhary, S. A. (2011). Pakistan 2011: Policy Measures for the Economic Challenges
Ahead. The Lahore Journal of Economics, 16, 1-12.
Cheema, S. and Popovski, V. (2010). Building Trust in Government: Innovations in
Governance Reform in Asia. In Building Trust in Government in South Asia. United
Nations University Press.
Faqir, K. et al. (2015). Revival of Democracy in Pakistan 1988-1999: An Analysis. Pakistan
Journal of Social Sciences, 35, 201-212.
Garrety, John A., & Gay, Peter. (1984). The Columbia History of the World. New York.
Harper & Row.
Hasan, Pervez. (2007). Role of the State in Pakistans Economy: Assessing the Past and
Exploring Future Challenges Economic and Political Weekly. 42 (18): 16231630
HRCP. 2011. Freedom of Expression. State of Human Rights in Pakistan. 93 108
HRCP. 2011. Freedom of Thought, Conscience and Religion. State of Human Rights in
Pakistan. 81 92.
Jalal, A. (1995). Conjuring Pakistan: History as Official Imagining. International Journal of
Middle Studies, 27, 73-89.
Javaid, U. (2010). Corruption and its Deep Impact on Good Governance in Pakistan. Pakistan
Economic and Social Review, 48:1, 123-134.
Javaid, U. (2011). Genesis and Effects of Religious Extremism in Pakistan. International
Journal of Business and Social Science, 2, 282-288.
Kelly, N. (2010). History and Culture of Pakistan. Peak Publication.
Naido, S. (1918). Muhammad Ali Jinnah: An Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim Unity. Ganesh
and Co- Madras.
Nasr, V. (2004). Military Rule, Islamism and Democracy in Pakistan. Middle East Journal.
58 (2): 195209
Nath, S. K. (1965). UNs Failure in Kashmir. The Economic Weekly.
Pasha, A. G. (2012). Making Devolution Work in Pakistan. The Lahore Journal of
Economics, 17, 339-357.

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Philip, S. (2004). The Idea of Pakistan. Brookings Institution Press.
PILDAT. June 2011. Right to Free and Compulsory Education in Pakistan: Enforcement of
Article 25A of the Constitution of Pakistan Background Paper. Islamabad: PILDAT
Qureshi, S. (1980). Islam and Development: The Zia Regime in Pakistan. World
Development, 7, 563-575.
Rana, M. A. (2014). Education Reform in Punjab: A Decentralized Governance Framework
for Government Schools. Lahore Journal of Policy Studies, 5:1, 29-53.
Savarkar, H. (1949). The Indian War of Independence. Bombay. Sethani Company.
Schimmel, A. (2004). A Spectacle of Order and Method. Corinne Attwood. Reaktion Press.
Shafqat, S. (1996). Pakistan Under Benazir Bhutto. Asian Survey, 36:7, 655-672.
Stephenson, G. V. (1968). Pakistan: Discontiguity and the Majority Problem. Geographical
Review. 58(2): 195 213
Two Letters from Iqbal to Jinnah. Retrieved
from:http://www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00islamlinks/txt_iqbal_tojinnah_1
937.html
Varman, R. and Belk, R. W. (2009). Nationalism and Ideology in an Anti-Consumption
Movement. Journal of Consumer Research, 686-700.
Waseem, M. (2002). Causes of Democratic Downslide. Economic and Political Weekly. 37(44
45): 4532 4538
Zaidi, S. Akbar. (2008). Social and Structural Transformations in Pakistan. Economic and
Political Weekly. 43 (20): 1011

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