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CE13001: Engineering Drawing & Computer


Week 1: Introduction

Section 09
Autumn 2016
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur

27 July 2016
What is Engg. Drawing
3D object on a 2D plane
Shows design specifications

3D object on a 2D plane?
Multiple views
Visible and non visible features
Line weights and styles -> different features
Uses of Engg. Drawing
Development of ideas
Detailing of specifications
Communicating ideas
Modeling purposes
Analysis of its strength
Views from different angles
Engineering drawing is the basis..

Aeronautical drawing: aircraft, rockets, etc.

Machin drawing: machines, turbines, etc.
Structural drawing: structures, irrigation, hydraulics,
transportation, dams, buildings, tunnels, treatment plants, etc.
Electrical drawing: high-tension towers, grids, etc.
Industrial drawing: energy production, refineries, etc.
Medical Technology drawing: equipment, diagnostics, etc.
Course Description (1-0-3: 3 credits)
Introduction to Engineering Drawing
Conics and Engineering Curves ellipse, parabola, hyperbola,
cycloid, trochoid, involute, etc.
Projections of Lines traces, true length
Projections of Plane Figures
Projections of Solid Objects cubes, prisms, pyramids,
cylinders, cones and spheres
Sections of Solids true shapes of section, projection on
auxiliary planes
Isometric Views and Projection, Isometric Scale;
Development of Surfaces (only if time permits)
Introduction to CAD tools Basics, Use of SOLIDWORKS
(Computer Graphics) to create 2D and 3D objects
Course Description Contd
Section: 09
Instructors : Dr. Shubha Verma (SV) ; Dr. H.
Prashanth Reddy (HPR); Email :,;
Class: Wednesday, 9:00 12:55 hours
Venue: S302
Manual Drawing (MD) 70%
Class performance: 35%; Exam: 35%
Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) 30%
Class performance: 15%; Exam: 15%
Textbooks and References
N. D. Bhatt, Engineering Drawing Plane and Solid
Geometry, 51st Edition, 2012; Charotar Publishing
House Private Limited, Anand, Gujarat 388 001,

M. B. Shah and B. C. Rana, Engineering Drawing,
Pearson, 2009, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, INDIA
N. S. Parthasarathy and V. Murali, Engineering
Drawing, Oxford, 2015, New Delhi, INDIA
Tentative Class Schedule
Week Class Topic
1 27 Jul Introduction (SV / HPR)
2 03 Aug Conics and Curves-1 (HPR)
3 10 Aug Conics and Curves-2 (HPR)
4 17 Aug Projection of Lines (HPR)
5 24 Aug Projection of Planes (SV)
6 31 Aug Projection of Solids (SV)
7 07 Sep Sections of Solids (SV)
8 14 Sep Mid-Term Exam
9 21 Sep Isometric Projections (SV)
10 28 Sep Development of Surfaces (SV)
11 05 Oct Backup class (if required)
12 12 Oct Manual Drawing Exam
13 19 Oct Autumn Break
14 26 Oct CAD I (HPR)
15 02 Nov CAD II (HPR)
16 09 Nov CAD III (HPR)
17 16 Nov CAD Exam
18 End-Term Exam (2129 Nov 2016)
Standing Instructions
All tutorials have to be completed in the Drawing Hall
(S302) during the assigned time schedule

Submission of drawing sheets is mandatory at the end of

the practical class

Graded tutorial sheets will be returned to students and

those must be preserved until the final grades are posted at
the end of the semester

No make-up / compensatory practical class will be

provided for the incomplete/missed tutorials
Drawing Instruments
Drawing sheet: A2 size (420 mm x 594 mm)
Black sheet
Mini-drafter / T- square
Drawing pencils (H, 2H and HB)
Large size compass
Large size divider
Scales: 300 mm
French curves
Drawing clip/pin/adhesive tape
Mini-drafter Mini-drafter fixed on a
drawing table
French Curves

Drawing Clips
To draw Smooth Curve Lines
Use French Curve
Pencil Grades
Drawing Sheet Sizes
Drawing Sheet Layout

Letters denoting section planes 10 mm

Dimensions 7 mm

10 mm
7 mm
7 mm
7 mm 7 mm
Section lines and center lines 3H or 4H
Visible lines 0.7 mm H
Construction lines,
Section lines, Dimension
lines and extension lines 2H
0.35 mm


Short dashed lines, 0.5 mm


Alternatively long and short 0.5 mm 2H

Thick alternatively long and two

H & 2H double short, 0.7 mm


Types of LINES example
Aspects of dimensioning

Basic Principles
Show dimensions in the view that shows relevant
Basic Principles
Place dimensions outside the view, as far as possible
Basic Principles
Take dimensions out from visible outlines
than from hidden lines
Basic Principles
Give dimensions from:
Base lines/finished surface/center line of a hole
Spacing of Dimensions
Dimensions vs. Scale of Drawing
Dimensions ALWAYS at full scale
Drawings can be on different scales
Components of Dimensions
Placing of Dimensions
Two sides only preferred
Placing of Dimensions
Arrow & Text
Placing of Dimensions
Orientation of Dimensioning Text
Dimensioning a Length
Depends on Available Space
Arrangement of Dimensions
Styles of Dimensioning
Arrangement of Dimensions
Styles of Dimensioning
Combined Style
Dimensioning Diameters
Precede with to distinguish from length
Dimensioning Radii
Arcs of Circle
Precede with R to distinguish from length
Dimensioning Angles, Arcs, Chords
Dimensioning Outlines with
Circular Arcs