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The ablutions and prayer illustrated

A compilation made by Abu Adame


Published by Al Fathul Moubin
www.fathulmoubin.com
This work has been done by us on a book published in English and distributed fre
e by Al Birr Foundation - UK. - The translation was made by the late Alfutuhat.c
om site and taken by Al Fathul Moubin.
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The ablutions and prayer illustrated
◊ ◊ Ablution The adhan, and the du'as iqamatus salate ◊ The call to prayer (Adha
n) ◊ After the Adhan do these invocations: ◊ ◊ The salat iqamatouls Number of un
it (rak'ah ) binding in the five canonical prayers ◊ composition of a unit of pr
ayer ◊ ◊ Qibla Direction How to perform prayer ◊ After prayer
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The Ablution
The Ablution
◊ The intent: one must have the intention in the heart to do the washing as an a
ct of obedience to Allah and in order to obtain His pleasure. The Prophet of All
ah (Greetings and blessings of Allah upon him) said: "The actions depend on inte
ntions." [Al-Bukhari & Muslim]. ◊ Say the Name of Allah (Bismillah) at the begin
ning of ablution. The Prophet (Greetings and blessings of Allah upon him) said:
"There is no ablution for anyone who does not mention the name of Allah in the m
aking. [Ahmad & Abu Dawud]. ◊ Wash your hands three times internally and externa
lly including between the fingers. (Photo 1) ◊ Rinse the mouth three times ◊ Was
h your nose three times inspiring and ejecting water. (Photo 2) ◊ Wash three tim
es the face, upper forehead to the tip of the chin, and the root of the ear to t
he root of the other ear. Allah says: "Wash your faces ... "(Surah 5, verse 6).
(Photo 3)
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◊ Wash three times the forearms to the elbows, as Allah said: "... and your hand
s to the elbows ... . (Surah 5, verse 6) (Picture 4) ◊ Wipe once the head of the
upper forehead to the neck. Allah says: "... pass wet hands over your heads ...
"(Surah 5, verse 6) (Photo 5) ◊ To pass once wet fingers in ears, (conduit, ben
ds and outer). (Photo 6) ◊ Wash three times the ankle feet (including between th
e toes by insisting on the heels), as Allah said: "... and wash your feet to the
ankles ...) (Sura 5, verse 6) (Photo 7) ◊ The ablutions must be performed in th
e order mentioned above.
The Adhan, the Du'as and Iqamatus Salate
It can be done in a mosque or outside even if there is only one person
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After the Adhan do these invocations:
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◊ O Allah! Pour out Your blessings on Muhammad and his family as You shed Your b
lessings on Ibrahim and his family. Among the inhabitants of the universe, Thou
art infinitely worthy of praise and glorification. ◊ O Allah! Give Your favors t
o Muhammad and his family as You bestowed Your favor on Ibrahim and his family.
Among the inhabitants of the universe, Thou art very worthy of praise, and glori
fication. Then:
◊ O Lord and Master of this perfect call, given to Muhammad's intercession, dist
inction and high degree, raise him to the rank revered as the fulfillment of You
r promise. Then:
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◊ I certify that there is no God but Allah, no partner and that Muhammad is His
Servant and Messenger. ◊ J'agrée God as Lord, and Muhammad - peace be upon him -
as Prophet and Messenger and Islam as a religion (bi Islami dinan)
The Iqamatous Salat
This second call is also loud in general 10 minutes after the first call (Adhan)
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Number of unit (rak'ahs) required in the five canonical prayers
Fajr (dawn), Zuhr (noon), Asr (afternoon)
◊ 4 units of prayer recited in a whisper
Magrib
◊ 3 units of prayer recited (the first two are said aloud and the rest in a whis
per)
'Isha
◊ 4 units of prayer recited (the first two are said aloud and the rest in a whis
per)
◊ 2 units of prayer recited aloud
◊ 4 units of prayer recited in a whisper
Composition of a unit of prayer 8
Orientation towards the Qibla
Each unit consists of prayer: ◊ Activation of prayer is to lift the arms up to t
he ears and then lower them by saying aloud "Allahu Akbar ◊ Recitation of Surah
Al kitab Fatihatul (First Surah of the Qur'an year) ◊ Reciting Surah another (fo
r the first two units of prayers) ◊ ◊ Two Tilting proternations ◊ Tashahoud And
the recitation of the second units of prayer and end of each cycle of prayer
The orientation towards Mecca is compulsory.€It is the direction Southeast from
eastern France (between the south and east direction). The Qiblah or Mecca is th
e house of Allah on earth
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How do prayer
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- Moving towards the Qiblah - Proceed for domestic perform prayer - Lift your ar
ms up to the ears and then lower them by saying Allahu Akbar - Lay your hands on
your chest, right arm on left arm - Telling inwardly
(I seek refuge with Allah against the devil stoned)
Then Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim (In the Name of Allah the Most Gracious, Most Me
rciful).
- Can you recite the Fatihatul Kitab: - A prayer which is recited this Surah is
null!
The opening of the Book (Kitab Souratul Fatihatul) In the name of Allah, the Mos
t Merciful, the Most Merciful. Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds. The Most
Gracious, Most Merciful. Master of the Day of Judgement. Thee do we worship, and
Thine aid we seek. Show us the straight path. The path of those whom Thou has d
one good, not from those who earned Your anger nor of those who go astray.
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- Can you recite a sura or a few new verses of the Qur'an, then:
Then:
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Then:
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- Then make a second prostration in the same manner as the first. - Then get up
for a second unit of prayer (rak'ahs) saying Allahu Akbar. - Start the second ra
k'ah by the recitation of the Fatiha and repeat all functions of the first-six.
- At the end of the second rak'ah, after tilting and two prostrations tashahoud
read as shown on the next photo.
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The Tashahoud
All praise, salat and good things are from Allah. Peace be upon you O Prophet an
d the mercy and blessings of Allah. Peace be on us and the righteous slaves of A
llah. - If it takes place to rise for the third rak'ah - Then, raising his hands
up to the ears and say Allahu Akbar them down. - Put your hands on your chest a
nd repeat everything you did in the first unit of prayer except that you should
not recite Surah second. - If there is a fourth unit of the prayer to be made in
the same way you did the third. When you have completed your prayer you sit wit
h your feet as indicated by the end of the first unit of prayer, then recite Tas
hahoud as before by adding the following (Tashahoud Part II):
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O Allah! Bless Muhammad and his family as You blessed Ibrahim and his family. An
d bestow Your favor on Muhammad and his family as You bestowed Your favor on Ibr
ahim and his family. Among the inhabitants of the universe, Thou art very worthy
of praise, and glorification. - After that you can make some invocations to a w
hisper as follows:
O Lord I wronged myself, great twists and Only You, who forgives sins. Forgive m
e a forgiveness from You and grant me mercy. You are the One who forgives and sh
ows mercy.
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O Lord forgive me what I have advanced and delayed, I am consciously and unconsc
iously, and you're more informed than me. You're the one who advances and delays
, it is no God but You.
- Then turn your face is right in saying:
Peace be upon you and mercy
Then:
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After prayer
And:
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Then:
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And:
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For more information on prayer please visit: www.fathulmoubin.com
This work has been done by us on a book published in English and distributed fre
e by Al Birr Foundation - UK. - The translation was made by the late Alfutuhat.n
et site and taken by Al Fathul Moubin.
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