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Monday, February 18, 2002 / the voice of the school

Science <7>
> THE NEWS
Do neurons play?
Science and absolute truths are not compatible. So-called dogmas from time to ti
me be brought into question, and there are interesting and enlightening discussi
ons. This is what is happening with the possible regeneration of neurons, which,
if true, would have important medical implications. Until 1999 we were born was
completely taken OWN NAME
Ramon y Cajal
One day he came across a microscopic section of nerve tissue and the observer co
mmented that it seemed "a jungle so dense that there are no spaces in it, so tha
t the trunks, branches and leaves are played everywhere." Since then, he researc
hed a neuron where it ended and where another began. After years of research rev
eal that each neuron got was actually a single entity. He received the Nobel Pri
ze in 1906.
In the last three years the scientific world faces two contradictory theories: w
hile some argue that neurons may be reproduced, others categorically deny
with a maximum number of neurons that would die over our lives, but that could n
ot be replaced. It is an important difference with other types of cells that rep
roduce continuously. For example, skin cells are renewed so rapidly that each mo
nth we have a completely new skin. But three years ago, an American investigator
certainly discovered something surprising: newborn neurons Until a couple of ye
ars, science assumed we were born with a certain number of neurons that would ge
nerated in the brains of dying over the life of adult macaques I studied. On the
one hand, this Haron of certain brain regions, neuronal production. Now, both c
ontradicted the known llazgo Hasya if I could stimulate some research teams will
Avanta the time, ie the way neuronal reproduction, Zander at work trying dineur
onas could not regenerate. Pequizá would open the way to cure lucid which of th
e two hypotheses is ro other, opened a esperanzadoa these people. correct. And t
his can only be conocerra door to healing enfermePero a recent study of another
exse more research. ties as Parkinson and Alzheimer. expert in neurology says so
in such evil, degenerate the neucontundente that there is no re> Patricia Barci
ela
COMMON NAME
Nerve cell
All animals are made up of cells designed to play a role. Among the more special
ized conveying information include: are nerve cells or neurons. Every perception
, every sensation, thought, action, memory, or feeling is the activation of some
neurons. To send these messages, neurons emit electrical impulses. The differen
t intensities of stimuli (more or less cold, more or less light) they increase o
r decrease the number of pulses per second.
MISCELLANEOUS
Synapse
This is called the transmission of a message from one nerve cell to another. It
takes place between the end of one neuron and the beginning of another. The step
s are:
1. When the electrical impulse reaches the end of the neuron executes a command.
2. The order is that through a tiny crack in the neuron that sends the message
releases a substance known as a neurotransmitter.
3. This substance travels to the neuron that will receive the message. 4. Upon r
eaching the excite or inhibit it, depending on the message that has to communica
te. 5. Inhibition or stimulation of a neuron, sus-
tion of this or otherwise, are basic to both move a little finger to understand
a complex concept.