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UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL FEDERICO VILLARREAL

SCHOOL OF PSYCHOLOGY
Monograph to choose the degree in psychology.
Neuropsychological Evaluation of cognitive impairment
I. Cognitive abilities in adulthood: The intelligence includes the
cognitive abilities and we can see two types of intelligence: fluid intelligence
: it is expressed through abstract reasoning content, its cultural influence is
minimal. Crystallized intelligence: it is acquired through experience, depends o
n the use of stored information.
CARE, LEARNING AND MEMORY IN OLD AGE
Aging is accompanied by a decline in the ability to process new information bein
g the most affected cognitive learning and memory care.
II. COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT
"Aging involves a series of physical, psychological and social, also observed a
number of cognitive changes. Aging is a complex process that is influenced by va
rious factors such as heredity, nutrition, disease, neuronal degeneration and th
e various environmental effects. "
a) NORMAL AGING
Aging can affect all cognitive functions: language, gnosis, praxis, memory, prob
lem solving, etc., But the decline in skills related to age is often not uniform
and would not affect the set of cognitive functions:
Perception
there are difficulties in the visual exploration, discrimination, three-dimensio
nal figure-ground recognition, hearing loss. Memory: increasing the rate of fo
rgetting and reduces the ability to acquire new information.
Skills
Visual Motor, visuo spatial: decrease in the recognition of incomplete figures,
errors in copying and three-dimensional shapes, segmentation problems, persevera
nce reaction times and attention: the general level of motor activity decrease
s and the elderly are seen in slow responses.
Ability
verbal naming difficulty, difficulty in understanding verbal hearing problems, r
epetitions, slow expressive language. Intelligence: some components of intelli
gence decline with age, while others are stable and even increase with the passa
ge of time eg. crystallized intelligence.
EMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIORAL CHANGES
In adulthood most common exposure is considered as loss events that generate neg
ative emotions, enhancing the experience depressive (withdrawal from the workpla
ce, negative social value of old age, helplessness, illness, reduced perceptual
changes in body appearance, slow , approach of death, etc.
b) Dementia
It is a syndrome due to brain disease, usually chronic progressive nature in whi
ch there is a deficit of multiple higher cortical functions and this disturbance
is severe enough to interfere significantly in social work activity and also in
cludes changes in personality.
c) mild cognitive impairment
It is characterized by alterations in memory, especially of new learning process
es, slight problems of abstraction, in the language some reduction in verbal flu
ency. These changes do not come to interfere with daily living activities of the
subject as to diagnose dementia.
III. Neuropsychological Evaluation
It is that specialty of psychology that deals with assessing the changes in the
individual's behavior by brain damage, assessed by testing cognitive functions a
nd psychological techniques are sensitive to these changes
THE FIRST evaluations focus on the cognitive dimension, later joined emotional,
PERSONALITY, BEHAVIOR AND FINALLY THE STATES PSYCHOSOCIAL.
PSYCHOLOGICAL AND NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT
It makes use of many tests including wisconsin, Wechsler scale (WAIS-III), Rey F
igure and Words, strikethrough test, Benton, stroop, Mini Mult, Machover, neurop
sychiatric, Gds, Mini Mental, Clock test, Luria, GnosiaPraxia test, etc.
WAIS
KEY
COMPOSITION OF OBJECTS
Cube Designer
NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL EVALUATION PROCESS

EXAMINE THE DOCUMENTATION AVAILABLE FROM THE INITIAL CASE INTERVIEW WITH THE PAT
IENT AND FAMILY TO ESTABLISH DOMAIN hypotheses about PSICOLÓGIOCS and neuropsych
ological INTACT TARGET SELECTION AND ADMINISTRATION OF THE TESTS NEUROPSYCHOLOGI
CAL TESTS NEEDED TO be clear about the deficits and intact areas of the patient.
COMMUNICATING THE RESULTS TO THE PATIENT AND FAMILY.

- Stroop Test
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blue red green red green green blue blue blue blue red red green green blue blue
green red red blue green
blue red green red green green blue blue blue blue red red green green blue blue
green red red blue green

Naming colors Condition Reading


National Institute of Neurological Sciences Neuropsychology Service
Barbara Elizabeth Ascencio Dionisio
internal ex in clinical psychology