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IMPACT OF COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY ON INDIVIDUALS Humanity stands at the beginning of

a new era, in which the less important physical work requiring the industrial r
evolution at the same time becomes more important mental work required by the ne
w computer revolution , modern computers give you the information you need to ex
pand their intellectual potential. For the first time, the company depends on a
resource that is information which is renewable and helps us making decisions. N
EED TO BEGIN IN THE COMPUTER: Since the computer is the engine that drives today
's computer society, is essential for people to know the instrument and its appl
ications, such as: 1 .- To know the possibilities and limitations of the compute
r. 2 .- Learn how to use computers. 3 .- Learn how to buy computer software. 4 .
- To appreciate the effect of computers. PROMISES AND THREATS: The union of comp
uter science and robotics leads us to believe in a society in which the producti
on of wealth is not necessarily linked to work and human effort, as there will b
e a multitude of factories producing goods with the mere presence of a superviso
r responsible for planning and maintenance. The broad framework of possibilities
offered by new technologies is limited by the human factor. But the rate of ass
imilation of new technology is not limited by the cost or difficulty of acquirin
g the equipment, but by the apparent complexity of its use. The major difficulty
lies in the psychological aspects, attitudes to the new machines and the phobia
of some people to computing. Whenever there is a technological change comes a c
risis of retraining. For example, when the appearance of the car was road demons
trations that were jeopardizing their jobs, when in reality was that there was a
great need for mechanics, drivers, petrol sellers, sellers of spare parts, auto
mobile manufacturers, etc. Cybernetics can get the factories operating without a
ny operator, with the sole assistance of a maintenance technicians. Services suc
h as banking, could be automated and performed in a high percentage of computers
and peripheral equipment. Robotics and information technology seem to hide behi
nd the great specter of unemployment, but the reality is that there is great nee
d for technicians to make it possible for these computers and these robots are d
esigned, produced and, above all, are programmed properly. There is a huge poten
tial demand for systems technicians, telecommunications engineers, programmers,
analysts, and above all, users with knowledge of the tools at your service. Some
companies thanks to new technologies will increase in their activities and othe
rs that the market will be displaced by those competitors who have successfully
assimilated the new technology,
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The introduction of computers has not led to staff reductions, but on the contra
ry, it can process much higher volumes of information to treaties before mechani
zation, with notable increases in productivity. Companies that fail to be incorp
orated into the machining process will see their competitiveness deteriorated, s
o that eventually, or do a conversion process to make them more competitive and
eventually close its doors. We conclude that the widespread use of computers wil
l bring the following consequences: 1 .- An increase in productivity. 2 .- A sal
ary increase, mainly for employees of companies mechanized. 3 .- An increase in
jobs in mechanized companies. 4 .- An increase in investment. 5 .- An increase o
f leisure time. 6 .- Indirectly we can also expect better corporate governance a
s a result of a higher quality of the information they hold their managers to ha
ve better information systems. EFFECT OF COMPUTER APPLICATIONS ON POSITIVE INDIV
IDUALS: • New job opportunity: they have created hundreds of new jobs in areas s
uch as programming, computer operation and management of information systems. •
Increased job satisfaction: scientists and engineers can solve interesting probl
ems that had not seen without the aid of computers. • Business Use: Used to prev
ent waste and improve efficiency, which can result in lower product prices and b
etter service to customers. • Use public organizations: avoids waste and improve
efficiency in government offices,€schools and hospitals can also redundaren bet
ter service and better service and lower the tax burden of citizens. • Use at ho
me: hundreds of thousands of computers were purchased for home use, these indivi
dual systems are used for entertainment and fun, educational purposes, to contro
l the household budget in many other tasks. POTENTIAL IMPLICATIONS: • The threat
of unemployment for computer use can result in absolescencia for work and the d
isplacement of some workers. • The use of certain questionable practices of data
processing: many organizations capture data on citizens, data are stored and pr
ocessed by computer, in some cases, these data have been collected by those who
have no valid reason to do . • Trends to depersonalization: the computer identif
ies the individual as a number, as in most banking systems based on the computer
, the key used to identify to 2
individual is a number, such as social insurance card, student registration, the
employee's account or credit card. • The problem of system security: the lack o
f security control data d a computer system in some cases has caused the destruc
tion of records of individuals, also has allowed unauthorized access, accidental
or intentionally, confidential information private in nature. • The issue of pr
ivacy: the lack of control in the storage, retrieval and transmission of data ha
s allowed the abuse of legitimate right to privacy, the right has to keep privat
e (or keep confidential) the facts, beliefs and feelings that the individual doe
s not want to publish. IMPACT OF COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY IMPACT OF COMPUTER TECHNOLO
GY IN THE CULTURE. CULTURE: • Development or improvement of the physical or inte
llectual or moral moral, through education. • Set of ideas, skills and habits th
at have become a human group and passed down from generation to generation. • Su
m of behavioral traits and beliefs learned characteristics of the members of a s
ociety. LA culture is learned. INFORMATICS: The concept is broader than just the
use of computer equipment or electronic processes. Its creation was motivated t
o give a less technocratic and less mechanistic concept of data processing. Scie
ntific systematic and effective treatment, especially by automatic machine made,
the information referred to as a vehicle of human knowledge and communication i
n the technical, economic and social. Computer culture. It means that the person
nel operating in automated systems must to know the basics of computer centers.
This is to know the advantages gained in having support from a software and hard
ware to evaluate barriers or resistance to any changes. Culture in societies cha
racterized by a group of traits that make them distinct from others that we call
culture. The company also is being forced to adjust to the evolution of compute
rs, as this will create new jobs and living conditions. Computers facilitate and
enrich our lives: In which society has used the computer and their examples. •
March Music
• Trade. • Injury Medicine. Refusing to accept technological advances for fear o
f the unknown, or the discontent in the knowledge that need training. Since it r
equires more preparation staff IMPLICATIONS OF COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY IN THE LANGUA
GE. LANGUAGE: • Faculty expressed through the spoken or written. • Language spok
en by a people or action. • way of expressing. • Style of each talk. Every day w
e learn a new aspect of the computer either by the media, reading specialist or
simply by the daily experiences and is very common that we find terms whose mean
ing is unknown to us, leaving us this insurmountable gaps in understanding the i
ssues . The use of computer technology has brought us to use words from other la
nguages such as English, French, and the computer language we use everyday which
can enrich our culture, or also at any given time, distort information or destr
oy our language depending a good or bad interpretation we make of these terms.€S
ome terms that have enriched our language are: • Mouse • • E-mail Scanner • Cd-R
om • Hacker • Internet There are terms that can cause confusion when interpretin
g a person who has no computer skills: • Abort: stop as equals drastic a process
or running on your computer. • Spider: A machine that automatically searches fo
r information on the network. • Butler: responsible for managing mailing lists.
• Go: to explore the website by clicking on hyperlinks. • Network: A set of comp
uters (2 or more) that are linked through the communication elements. • Virus: A
program whose instruction is executed to cause any problems. IMPACT OF COMPUTER
TECHNOLOGY IN THE IDEOLOGY IDEOLOGY: A branch of philosophical science that dea
ls with the origin and classification of ideas, all the ideas that characterize
a school or an author. 4
Sean idealistic identified three approaches: OPTIMISTIC ideological approach, it
is argued that by using the computer will lead to greater freedom and individua
lity in a human environment and personalized and that greater benefits than prob
lems and discomfort. IDEOLOGICAL APPROACH Worst: They examine the opponents many
applications that support the optimists and reach the opposite conclusion that
the use of computers will result. A domain of people as individuals and society
(when humans have to compete with industrial robots, will provide the loss of jo
bs, security as well as his personal dignity). Example: You can install voice an
alyzers patterns in future computer education systems which could determine the
identity of a person and his state of mind, emotional stability, optimists point
out that this voice analysis will allow the user to determine if the student is
discontent and nervous or encouraged to automatically choose a learning program
that meets the student's mood. This point is fighting back the naysayers with t
he position of your privacy in danger. IDEOLOGICAL APPROACH FROM ANOTHER POINT:
He says the technology has been with mankind since its inception and now people
are better educated and are more able to adapt to new ideas and changes it has c
aused. TECHNOLOGY: Set the expertise of a mechanical trade or industrial art. It
is the organization and application of knowledge to achieve practical purposes,
influences physical manifestations as machines and tools, but also intellectual
techniques and processes used to solve problems and obtain desired results. Reg
arding the technology is not only leading industrial development, but is a vital
ingredient. With rapid technological advances allow the development of business
. Some factors that must be considered in them are: • The crecimiiento in using
technology as a factor of competitive advantage. • The fact that the technologic
al importance in the majority of Canadians companies for the next 10 years, is b
ased on knowledge (know_how) particularly important is the application of existi
ng technology, much of which is imported. • Enabling technologies, such as micro
procesadore, will play an increasingly important role at the product level. TECH
NOLOGY APPLICABLE TO ALL ORGANIZATIONS: The technology is easy to understand in
a physical transformation process, as in an assembly line, but it is also suitab
le for other organizations, such as a hospital or a university. • Based on the k
nowledge and equipment used to perform tasks. 5
• It affects the types of inputs and outputs of the system to reach the organiza
tion. IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGY IN THE STRUCTURE: STRUCTURE: Create the formal scheme
and determines the way in which tasks are performed. A series of studies by the
research unit on industrial management from the University of Aston, England, p
rovided information on the relationship between technology and structure. Techno
logy classified into three components: • Operational Technology: is the techniqu
e used in the workflow activities. • Materials Technology: relates to the nature
of the materials used in the transformation process. • Technology knowledge: re
fers to the characteristics of knowledge used in the organization. This conclude
d that the operational technology revealed structural variables affect only thos
e deirectamente linked with the flow of work. Technology is a key determinant of
the structure primodial the production line.€These various studies suggest that
the relationship between technology and structure are complex. Technology solam
ennte not eliminated several routine tasks, but has restored the functions of ot
her employees and requires changes in attitude and behavior. IMPACT OF TECHNOLOG
Y IN THE PSYCHOSOCIAL SYSTEM: The traditional theory of the administration almos
t did not take into account how the technology affected the psychosocial system.
The technical system was considered as given and unchanging, and it was assumed
that people would adapt. Fortunately, human Messrs are adaptable and have respo
nded to rapidly changing technology. The technological advancement of complex or
ganizations in the last 100 years have required major adjustments in social syst
ems. The techniques of bureaucracy, scientific management and mass production re
quired fundamental changes. The latest developments in automation and computers
now have a major effect, however little has been studied the ralación between te
chnology and psychosocial systems. The technology relates to members of organiza
tions in various ways. It is a key factor in determining the tasks required and
the degree of specialization. Often determines the size and composition of immed
iate work group and the range of contacts with other workers and supervisors. Of
ten determines the degree of physical mobility. Affects the various roles and po
sitions of individuals in organizations: generally have higher technical skills
means getting a better position, more pay and other rewards. Includes more to de
termine the specific design of the work of each employee. The technology, partic
ularly in mass production operations, imposes a time dimension to the workers. T
imeliness required to begin the process and sets a certain pace. Technological c
hange could create uncertainty and anxiety in employment and workers. The skills
developed over a period could be absoletas, which vitally affects their self-pe
rception and motivation. IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGY IN THE ADMINISTRATIVE SYSTEM One o
f the main consequences of changing technology has been the increasing specializ
ation of knowledge. The administrative system in most organizations includes man
y participants 6
with specialized skills and training. Many specialists with appropriate training
in management positions are: research and development, communications experts a
nd industrial psychologists and sociologists. The modern administrative system i
s composed of a single person with absolute knowledge and power, is formed by a
team of trained specialists who contribute their skills to the good performance
of the organization. They are usually the catalysts that help the organization t
o use and adapt new technological advances. IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGY IN THE AUTOMATI
ON computer technologies and other relations with them are having a major impact
on all levels of organizations. At the operational level, automation, numerical
ly controlled machines, industrial robots and flexible manufacturing systems are
examples of technology. Automation represents the current phase of a long-term
trend toward greater complexity and modernization of technological systems for t
he production of goods. Includes links to computer-controlled processes and mach
inery in an integrated production system. Numerically controlled machines (by co
mputer) have great flexibility and adaptability compared with the machines - tra
ditional tools of a single purpose. They can be programmed to perform various op
erations in different parts developed without recognition. IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGY
IN COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY ATICA INFORM THE WORK WORK: It is the human effort (activ
ity) that is made for human sustenance asualmente (keep). Use the activity or ph
ysical or mental effort for a particular purpose. Set of technical scientific kn
owledge that influence physical manifestations like machines (computers) and too
ls, techniques and processes for the implementation and development of informati
on of a particular workplace. In all organizations that use computers are having
a great positive impact these organizations conduct their activities in one or
more of the following fields: whether in government, law, medicine, education, h
umanities, science, engineering and especially in business. The computers in gov
ernment,€law and medicine here the computer often assist governments in their pl
anning, control and care of law enforcement. The professional health care are al
so using computers to plan and control. For example, in the doctors strongly aff
ected by the computer and that because of his work make use of such machines as
a tool to be able to give an accurate diagnosis to their patients. In addition t
o providing education to the educational process attributes such as a tireless p
atience and availability at all times. Use can improve student's ability to thin
k logically, develop problem-solving procedures and understand relationships. Fo
r example, computer programs allow students to improve these skills by participa
ting in exercises 7
within the classroom which simulate or approximate real-world experience. Curren
tly using multiple computer systems to monitor patients in hospitals. Since moni
tor patients who have just been operated on and so on. These patients are connec
ted to devices monitored by computer sensors that detect abnormal danger quickly
. On the other hand computers can help companies who choose to follow all the co
mpetitive strategies. So some companies are increasingly introducing computer co
mponents in the design of automobiles, appliances. household tools and other pro
ducts to differentiate them from competition and get ahead of it. IMPACT OF COMP
UTER TECHNOLOGY IN THE CULTURE. CULTURE: • Development or improvement of the phy
sical or intellectual or moral moral, through education. • Set of ideas, skills
and habits that have become a human group and passed down from generation to gen
eration. • Sum of behavioral traits and beliefs learned characteristics of the m
embers of a society. LA culture is learned. INFORMATICS: The concept is broader
than just the use of computer equipment or electronic processes. Its creation wa
s motivated to give a less technocratic and less mechanistic concept of data pro
cessing. Scientific systematic and effective treatment, especially by automatic
machine made, the information referred to as a vehicle of human knowledge and co
mmunication in the technical, economic and social. Computer culture. It means th
at the personnel operating in automated systems must to know the basics of compu
ter centers. This is to know the advantages gained in having support from a soft
ware and hardware to evaluate barriers or resistance to any changes. Culture in
societies characterized by a group of traits that make them distinct from others
that we call culture. The company also is being forced to adjust to the evoluti
on of computers, as this will create new jobs and living conditions. Computers f
acilitate and enrich our lives: In which society has used the computer and their
examples. • Music • Trade. • Medicine 8
Damage. Refusing to accept technological advances for fear of the unknown, or th
e discontent in the knowledge that need training. Since it requires more prepara
tion staff IMPLICATIONS OF COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY IN THE LANGUAGE. LANGUAGE: • Facu
lty expressed through the spoken or written. • Language spoken by a people or ac
tion. • way of expressing. • Style of each talk. Every day we learn a new aspect
of the computer either by the media, reading specialist or simply by the daily
experiences and is very common that we find terms whose meaning is unknown to us
, leaving us this insurmountable gaps in understanding the issues . The use of c
omputer technology has brought us to use words from other languages such as Engl
ish, French, and the computer language we use everyday which can enrich our cult
ure, or also at any given time, distort information or destroy our language depe
nding a good or bad interpretation we make of these terms. Some terms that have
enriched our language are: • Mouse • • E-mail Scanner • Cd-Rom • Hacker • Intern
et There are terms that can cause confusion when interpreting a person who has n
o computer skills: • Abort: stop as equals drastic a process or running on your
computer. • Spider: A machine that automatically searches for information on the
network.€• Butler: responsible for managing mailing lists. • Go: to explore the
website by clicking on hyperlinks. • Network: A set of computers (2 or more) th
at are linked through the communication elements. • Virus: A program whose instr
uction is executed to cause any problems. IMPACT OF COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY IN THE I
DEOLOGY IDEOLOGY: A branch of philosophical science that deals with the origin a
nd classification of ideas, all the ideas that characterize a school or an autho
r. Sean idealistic identified three approaches:
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OPTIMISTIC ideological approach, it is argued that by using the computer to lead
to greater freedom and individuality in a human environment and personalized an
d that greater benefits than problems and discomfort. IDEOLOGICAL APPROACH Worst
: They examine the opponents many applications that support the optimists and re
ach the opposite conclusion that the use of computers will result. A domain of p
eople as individuals and society (when humans have to compete with industrial ro
bots, will provide the loss of jobs, security as well as his personal dignity).
Example: You can install voice analyzers patterns in future computer education s
ystems which could determine the identity of a person and his state of mind, emo
tional stability, optimists point out that this voice analysis will allow the us
er to determine if the student is discontent and nervous or encouraged to automa
tically choose a learning program that meets the student's mood. This point is f
ighting back the naysayers with the position of your privacy in danger. IDEOLOGI
CAL APPROACH FROM ANOTHER POINT: He says the technology has been with mankind si
nce its inception and now people are better educated and are more able to adapt
to new ideas and changes it has caused. 15
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