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4. Behrman, kligman, Arvin. Nelson. Ilmu kesehatan anak. Edisi 15. Vol. 2. EGC.

Jakarta. 2000. Hal 1004 1007.

9. Ogunrin O. Tetanus - A Review of Current Concepts in Management. Journal of


Postgraduate Medicine. 2009;11(1):46-61.
11. Bhatia R, Prabhakar S, Grover VK. Tetanus. Neurology India. 2002;50:398-407.
5. Edlich RF, Hill LG, Mahler CA, Cox MJ, Becker DG, Jed H. Horowitz M, et al.
Management and Prevention of Tetanus. Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical
Implants. 2003;13(3):139-54.
etiologi

1. Soedarmo, Sumarmo P. Poorwo. Herry Garna, dkk. Buku Ajar Infeksi & Pediatric
Tropis. Edisi Kedua. Bagian Ilmu Kesehatan Anak FKUI. Badan Penerbit IDAI,
Jakarta. 2002. Hal 322 329

2. Staf Pengajar Ilmu Kesehatan Anak Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia. Ilmu
Kesehatan Anak. Jilid 2. Infomedika. Jakarta. 1986. Hal 568 573.

Pathofisiologi
1. Thwaites CL, Yen LM. Tetanus. In: Fink MP, Abraham E, Vincent JL, Kochanek PM, editors. Textbook of Critical Care. 5 th ed.
Philadelphia: Elsevier Saunders; 2005.p.1401-4.

3. Taylor AM. Tetanus. Continuing education in anesthesia, critical are & pain. Vol. 6 No. 3. [Internet]. 2006 [cited 2013 Oct 20].
Available from: http://www.ceaccp.oxfordjournals.org
content/6/4/164.3.full.pdf.
4. Mahadewa TGB, Maliawan S. Diagnosis & Tatalaksana Kegawat Daruratan Tulang Belakang.Jakarta: CV Sagung Seto;2009.

Manifestasi klinis

6. Towey R. Tetanus: a review. Update in Anesthesia. Vol 43 No. 19. [Internet]. 2005 [cited 2013 Oct 20]. Available from:
http://www.update.anaesthesiologist.org/wp-content/tetanus-areview.
pdf.
7. Cook TM, Protheroe RT, Handel JM. Tetanus: a review of the literature. Br J Anaesth.2001;87(3):477-87.

5. Edlich RF, Hill LC, Mahler CA, Cox MJ, Becker DG, Horowitz JH, et al. Management and prevention of tetanus. Niger J Paed.
2003;13(3):139-54.

4. Behrman, kligman, Arvin. Nelson. Ilmu kesehatan anak. Edisi 15. Vol. 2. EGC. Jakarta.
2000. Hal 1004 1007.

5. Edlich RF, Hill LG, Mahler CA, Cox MJ, Becker DG, Jed H. Horowitz M, et al.
Management and Prevention of Tetanus. Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical
Implants. 2003;13(3):139-54.
11. Bhatia R, Prabhakar S, Grover VK. Tetanus. Neurology India. 2002;50:398-407.
Diagnosis

5. Edlich RF, Hill LG, Mahler CA, Cox MJ, Becker DG, Jed H. Horowitz M, et al.
Management and Prevention of Tetanus. Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical
Implants. 2003;13(3):139-54.
8. Farrar JJ, Yen LM, Cook T, Fairweather N, Binh N, Parry J, et al. Neurological
Aspects of Tropical Disease: Tetanus. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry.
2000;69:292301.
9. Ogunrin O. Tetanus - A Review of Current Concepts in Management. Journal of
Postgraduate Medicine. 2009;11(1):46-61.
11. Bhatia R, Prabhakar S, Grover VK. Tetanus. Neurology India. 2002;50:398-407.
15. Sjamsuhidajat R, Jong Wd. Tetanus. Buku Ajar Ilmu Bedah. Jakarta: EGC; 2005.
17. Udwadia F, Sunavala J, Jain M, D'Costa R, Jain P, Lall A, et al. Haemodynamic
Studies During the Management of Severe Tetanus. Quarterly Journal of Medicine,
New Series. 1992;83(302):449-60.
9. Ogunrin O. Tetanus - A Review of Current Concepts in Management. Journal of
Postgraduate Medicine. 2009;11(1):46-61.
DD

5. Edlich RF, Hill LG, Mahler CA, Cox MJ, Becker DG, Jed H. Horowitz M, et al.
Management and Prevention of Tetanus. Journal of Long-Term Effects of Medical
Implants. 2003;13(3):139-54.
PENATALAGSANAAN

18. Dittrich KC, Keilany B. Tetanus: lest we forget. Canadian Journal of Emergency
Medicine. 2001;3(1):47-50.
16. Afshar M, Raju M, Ansell D, Bleck TP. Narrative Review: TetanusA Health
Threat After Natural Disasters in Developing Countries. Ann Intern Med.
2011;154:329-35.
19. Taylor AM. Tetanus. Continuing Education in Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain.
2006;6(3):101-4.