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International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET)

Volume 8, Issue 1, January 2017, pp. 734738 Article ID: IJCIET_08_01_087


Available online at http://www.iaeme.com/IJCIET/issues.asp?JType=IJCIET&VType=8&IType=1
ISSN Print: 0976-6308
6308 and ISSN Online: 0976-6316
0976

IAEME Publication Scopus Indexed

STUDY ON BOX CULVERT SOIL INTERACTION


I. Siva Rama Krishna
PG student, Civil Engineering Department,
K L University, Vaddeswaram,
V Guntur.

Ch. Hanumantha Rao


Profes
Professor, Civil Engineering Department,
K L University, Vaddeswaram,
V Guntur.

ABSTRACT
Objective:: The objective of this paper is to identify behaviour of box culvert with
interaction of soil and without interaction soil.
Analysis: when it is analyzed with finite element method for soil interaction and stiffness
method for soil without soil interaction.
interaction. The box culverts are analyzed as per the maximum
bending moments and shear force values under climatic conditions and the loads acting on the
box culvert. Box culvert is generally used to pass the water under it and also simultaneously
used for the transportation
nsportation purpose. The box culverts required loadings are extracted from
according to IRC codes.
Findings: The maximum bending moments and Shear forces are obtained from Finite
element method and stiffness method.
Key words:: Finite Element method, Soil interaction, Stiffness Method.
Cite this Article: I. Siva Rama Krishna and Ch. Hanumantha Rao,
Rao Study on Box Culvert Soil
Interaction. International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology,
Technology, 8(1), 2017, pp. 734
738.
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1. INTRODUCTION:
Box Culverts comprises of two vertical and horizontal slabs which are monolithically constructed ,
which suits for a railway and road bridge crossing having huge embankments /dikes crossing a stream
with constrained flow, If small discharge channel crossing a road drain , and if soil having low bearing
capacity . Box culvert is a reinforced concrete member / frame whose shape is in square or rectangular,
with openings provided on both opposite sides of the culvert,
culvert, generally their spans are 4m. The when
the height dont cross 3m. Generally in a box culvert dead , live, moving loads are to be taken by top
slab of the culvert, sidewalls resists the earth pressure coming from earth.
This Paper is studied on box culverts
culverts having different cells and varying cushion such as by with or
without cushion. In this paper the loadings are considered from the Indian road congress codes. There
wont be any design difference if the culvert span is smaller but a edge beam may be required and as
per skew angle wing walls layout need to be planned.

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Study on Box Culvert Soil Interaction

2. METHODOLOGY:
2.1 EARTH PRESSURE:
Mainly earth pressure condition is very important while analyzing a box shaped culvert. Earth pressure
have maximum as passive and minimum as active is known as pressure at rest. Regarding this earth
pressure condition should be follow the coefficients of earth pressure that can be with stand against the
backfill earth pressure. In this criteria box shaped culverts have more earth pressure that means side
walls has to resist the pressure.

2.2 WIDTH OF THE MEMBER:


Width of member plays a crucial role in while calculating loads for culvert. Mainly vehicles loadings
segregated on this width only so for load case criteria width parameter is to be considered.

2.3 CUSHION:
Basically box culverts are having different cells that are single cell and multi cell box culverts. Every
box culvert have the cushion, the cushion is nothing but the from the ground level to above the culvert
top slab that height is known as the cushion. Generally the cushion in few meters below the ground so
loads can be generated from the cushion also, while calculations of loads in such cases cushion will be
considered.

2.4 LIVE LOAD:


Majorly the live loads are acted on the box culvert top slab. Calculation of live load or impact load
based on different types that are according with Indian road congress, and there are separate classes
about loadings. In this live load criteria with cushion have low impact loading but there is no cushion
there is a heavy impact loading on the top slab.

2.5 LOAD CASES:


1. Earth pressure on side walls and impact loads on the top and bottom slabs.

Figure 1 Live load and surcharge load on box


2. Water pressure inside the box culvert and cushion loadings on top slab and impact loading on
bottom.

Figure 2 Culvert inside pressure


3. There is no surcharge loading on the culvert but live load on top slab and water pressure inside
the culvert.

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I. Siva Rama Krishna and Ch. Hanumantha Rao

Figure 3 No surcharge loads only live load and water pressure

Figure 4 Box culvert model with dimensions

Figure 5 Soil interaction model

Figure 6 Without soil interaction model

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Study on Box Culvert Soil Interaction

3. RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS:


SSIONS:

Figure 7 Bending moment values


The bending moment values of with and without soil interaction studies for top slab,
sla side slab,
base slab are compared

Figure 8 Shear force values


The shear force values of with and without soil interaction studies for top slab, side slab, base slab
are compared

4. CONCLUSIONS:
Following are the conclusions based on the study:
study
The bending moment values of top slab is increased by 19% in without soil interaction condition when
compared to with soil interaction
The bending moment values of side walls is increased by 15% in without soil interaction condition
when compared to with soil interaction
The bending moment values of base slab is increased by negligible in without soil interaction condition
when compared to with soil interaction
The shear force values of top slab is increased by 27% in without soil interaction condition when
compared
pared to with soil interaction
The shear force values of side walls is increased by 31% in without soil interaction condition when
compared to with soil interaction

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I. Siva Rama Krishna and Ch. Hanumantha Rao

The shear force values of base slab is increased by negligible in without soil interaction condition when
compared to with soil interaction

5. REFERENCES:
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