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1B

1A Chapter 1
Exercise
1A
1 {8, 11}
a
b {8, 11}
c
{1, 3, 8, 11, 18, 22, 23, 24, 25, 30}

d

e

{3, 8, 11, 18, 22, 23, 24, 25, 30, 32}

{3, 8, 11, 18, 22, 23, 24, 25, 30, 32} f
{1, 8, 11, 25, 30}
2 a
{3, 18, 22, 23, 24}
b {25, 30, 32}
c
{3, 18, 22, 23, 24}
d {1, 25, 30}
3 a
− 4 − 3 − 2 − 1012345
b 4 3 2 1012345

c 4 3 2 10123 45

d

e

f − 4 − 3 − 2 − 1012345 − 4 − 3 − 2 − 1012345

4 3 2 1012345

 4 {7, 9} a b {7, 9} c {2, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 15, 19, 23} d {2, 3, 5, 11} e {2} f {2, 7, 9} g {2, 3, 5, 7} h {7} i {7, 9, 15, 19, 23} j (3, ∞) 5 a {a,e} b {a,b,c,d,e,i,o,u} c {b,c,d} d {i,o,u} 6 b a {6} {2, 4, 8, 10} c {1, 3, 5, 7, 9} d {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10} e {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10} f {5, 7}

g

{5, 7}

h {6} 7
a
[−3, 1)
b
(−4, 5]
c
(− √ 2, 0)
d
− 1 2 , √ 3
e
(−∞, −3)
f
(0, ∞)
g
(−∞, 0)
h
[−2, ∞)
8
a
(−2, 3)
b [−4, 1)
c [−1, 5]
d (−3, 2]
9
a
− 3 − 2 − 1 012
b
− 4 −3 − 2 − 1 0123
c
0123
d
−4 − 3 − 2 − 1 01
e
4 − 3 − 2 −1 0
f
− 2 − 1 012345
10 a
− 3 − 2 −1 0123456
b
3 − 2 − 1 0123456
c
−2 − 1 0123456
d
− 8
−6
− 4
− 2
0
Exercise
1B
1
a Domain = R
Range = [−2, ∞)
b Domain = (−∞, 2]
Range = R

Cambridge Senior Maths AC/VCE Mathematical Methods 3&4

ISBN 978-1-107-56747-4

Photocopying is restricted under law and this material must not be transferred to another party.

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1B

775

 Domain = (−2, 3) Range = [0, 9) Domain = (−3, 1) Range = (−6, 2) Domain = [−4, 0] Range = [0, 4] Domain = R Range = (−∞, 2)

c

d

e

f

2 a y
1
x
0
Domain = R
Range = [1, ∞) c
y
2
x
0
8
Domain = [0, ∞)

Range = (−∞, 2]

e y
5
x
0 5
Domain = [0, 5]

Range = [0, 5] g
y
(2, 4)
0
x
− 1
−2
2
− 5
(
− 1, − 5)
Domain = [−1, 2]
Range = [−5, 4]
 b y 3 − 3 0 3 − 3 x Domain = [−3, 3] Range = [−3, 3] d y (1, 2) 0 (4, 4) x Domain = [0, ∞) Range = [0, ∞) f y (4, 18) 2 0 4 x Domain = [0, 4] Range = [2, 18] h y 4
− 2
2
x
0
Domain = R
Range = (−∞, 4] i
y
Domain = R
Range = R
1
x
0
1

3

4

a Not a function; Domain = {−1, 1, 2, 3}; Range = {1, 2, 3, 4}

b A function; Domain = {−2, 1, 0, 1, 2}; Range = {−4, 1, 0, 3, 5}

c Not a function; Domain = {−2, 1, 2, 4}; Range = {−2, 1, 2, 4, 6}

d A function; Domain = {−1, 0, 1, 2, 3}; Range = {4}

a A function; Domain = R; Range = {4}

b Not a function; Domain = {2}; Range = Z

c A function; Domain = R; Range = R

d Not a function; Domain = R; Range = R

e Not a function; Domain = [4, 4]; Range = [4, 4]

5

 a f (−1) = −2, f (2) = 16, f (−3) = 6, f (2a) = 8a 2 + 8a b g(−1) = −10, g(2) = 14, g(3) = 54,

g(a 1) = 2a 3 6a 2 + 8a 10

6 a g(2) = 10,

g(4) = 46

 b i 12x 2 − 2 ii 3x 2 − 12x + 10 iii 3x 2 + 12x + 10 iv 3x 4 − 2

3

7 a 3

b 7

b

x > 3

c

2

x =

+ 4

2

c

d

(3, )

8 a x = 3

9 a

3

f : R R, f(x) = 2x + 3

f : R R, f(x) = 3 4 x

f : [0, ) R, f (x) = 2x 3

f : R R, f(x) = x 2 9

f : [0, 2] R, f (x) = 5x 3

10

b

c

d

e

a

c

y (6, 7)
(2, 3)
x
0
Range = [3, ∞)
y
1
1
2
x
0

b y
x
0
(2, −1)

Range = (−∞, 1]

d y
(3, 11)
2
3
2
x
0

(

4, 7)

Range = (−∞, 11)

Range = [7, )

e y f
(3, 4)
− 1
1
x
0

Range = (−∞, 4] g
y
h
(
−5, 14)
(
−1, 2)
x
0
Range = [2, 14] y
(6, 17)
1
3
x
1
0
(
− 2, − 7)
Range = [−7, 17] y
(4, 19)
0
x
−1
0.2
(
−2, − 11)
Range = (−11, 19)

11 a f (2) = 3,

b g(2) = 7,

c

f (3) = 37,

g(1) = 1,

f (2) = 21

g(3) = 9

i

f(a) = 2a 2 6a + 1

 ii f (a + 2) = 2a 2 + 2a − 3 iii g(−a) = 3 + 2a iv g(2a) = 3 − 4a v f (5 − a) = 21 − 14a + 2a 2 vi f (2a) = 8a 2 − 12a + 1 vii g(a) + f (a) = 2a 2 − 8a + 4 viii g(a) − f (a) = 2 + 4a − 2a 2 Cambridge Senior Maths AC/VCE Mathematical Methods 3&4

ISBN 978-1-107-56747-4

Photocopying is restricted under law and this material must not be transferred to another party.

Cambridge University Press

1C

776 12
a
2 ,−1
b − 2 , 2
c 0, − 1 3
3
3
3
d
(−∞, −1) ∪ 2 ,∞
3
∪ 2
1
e
−∞, − 2
,∞
f − 3 ,0
3
3
13
a
f (−2) = 2
b
f (2) = 6
c
f(−a) = a 2 − a
d f(a) + f(−a) = 2a 2
e
f(a) − f(−a) = 2a
f
f(a 2 ) = a 4 + a 2
a + 2
14
a
{2}
b
{ x : x > 2 }
c
3
− 8
13
d
e
{1}
f
3
18
4
15
a
b 6
c
− 7
d 9
f − 2
3
3
e 1 3
9
6
1
16
a
b
c
1 d 1
e −1, 2
5
5
± 3
Exercise
1C
1
One-to-one functions: b, c

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

One-to-one functions: b, d, f

a

b

y

y

a

Functions: i, iii, iv, vi, vii, viii

One-to-one functions: iii, vii =
√ x + 2,
x ≥ −2;
Range = R + ∪ {0}
= − √ x + 2,
x ≥ −2;
Range = R − ∪ {0}
y b
g 1 (x) = x 2 + 2,
x ≥ 0
g 2 (x) = x 2 + 2,
x < 0
2
x
0
Domain = R
Range = R
Domain = [0, ∞)
Range = [0, ∞)
Domain = R
Range = [−2, ∞)
Domain = [−4, 4]
Range = [0, 4]
Domain
=
R \ {0}
Range
=
R \ {0}
Domain = R
Range = (−∞, 4]
Domain = [3, ∞)
Range = [0, ∞)
Domain = R
Range = R
Domain = R
Range = [−2, ∞)
Domain = [−3, 3]
Range = [0, 3]
Domain = R \ {1}
Range = R \ {0}
R \ {3}
b
(−∞, − √ 3] ∪ [ √ 3, ∞)
R
d
[4, 11]
e
R \ {−1}
(−∞, −1] ∪ [2, ∞)
g R \ {−1, 2}
(−∞, −2)
[1, ∞)
i 0,
1
3
[−5, 5]
k [3, 12]
y b Range = [−2, ∞)
x
− 1
0 1
2
− 1
− 2

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

a

b

c

d

a

c

f

h

j

a

10

11

12

Domain = (3, 0] [1, 3); Range = [2, 3) Domain = [−5, 4]; Range = [−4, 0) ∪ [2, 5]
a
y
(2, 10)
( − 4, 9)
6
5
x
0
− 4
2
−4

b

a

a

d

e

f

Domain = (−∞, 2]; Range = [5, 10] ∪ {−4}

y b Range = [5, ) ( − 3, 8)
8
5
x
0
−3
f (−4) = −8
b
f (0) = 0

c

f (4) = 1

4

1

 

 

a + 3 ,

2(a + 3),

1 a > 3

 

2a ,

 

4a,

 

a

2

3

2

f (a + 3) =

 

f (2a) =

a > 0

a 0

f (a 3) =

  

 

1

a 3 ,

2(a 3),

a > 6

6

a

f (8) = 7

c Neither

f Neither

c Odd

f Even

i Even

13

14 15
a
f (0) = 4
b
f (3) = √ 2
c
 
√ a,
a ≥ 0
d
f (a + 1) =
 
4,
a < 0
 
√ a − 2,
a
≥ 2
e
f (a − 1) =
 
4,
a < 2
16
y
x
− 2 −1
0 1
−1
− 2
 
 −x − 4,
x < −2
 
1
17
y =
− 1,
−2 ≤ x ≤ 3
 2 x
 
1
− 2 x + 2,
x > 3
18
a
Even
b Odd
d
Even
e Odd
19
a
Even
b Even
d
Odd
e Neither
g
Neither
h Neither Cambridge Senior Maths AC/VCE Mathematical Methods 3&4

ISBN 978-1-107-56747-4

Photocopying is restricted under law and this material must not be transferred to another party.

Cambridge University Press 777
7
y
1
y =
(1, 2)
x
(1, 1)
1
1
y = +
(
−1, 1)
x
2
x
1
y =
2
x
x
−1
0
local min. at
1
(− 1, − 1)
2, −
4
8 a
y
1D (−2, 4)
y =√x + 2
(0, √2)
(0, 0)
x
(−2, 0)
y =√x + 2 −2 x
y =−2 x

b

y (0, 2√2)
y = √2 − x
y = √x + 2
(2, 2)
(−2, 2)
√2
x
−2
0
2

9 y
16
12
8
4
0
2
4

x

10 y
16
12
8
4
x
0
2
4
− 4 11
y
y = x 2 + 3x + 2
2
y = x 2
y = ( f + g)(x)
x
0
y = 3x + 2
2
− 3

Cambridge University Press

1D 1

 a ( f + g)(x) = 4x + 2 b ( f + g)(x) = 1 ( f g)(x) = 3x 2 + 6x ( f g)(x) = x 2 − x 4 dom = R dom = (0, 2] c ( f + g)(x) = x + 1 √ x ( f g)(x) = 1

dom = [1, )

d ( f + g)(x) = x 2 + 4 x

(

f g)(x) = x 2 4 x

dom = [0, 4]

2 a i Even

ii Odd

iii Even

iv Odd

3

1

b ( f + h)(x) = x 2 + 1 + x 2 , even;

1

(gk)(x) = 1, even; ( f h)(x) = 1 + x 2 , even;

( f + g)(x) = x 2 + x + 1, neither;

(g + k)(x) = x + 1 x , odd;

( f g)(x) = x 3 + x, odd y
6
4
2
0
− 2
2

x

4 y
12
8
4
0
2
4
6

x

5

6 y
y = x +√x + 2
(2, 4)
y =
x
(2, 2)
(0,√2)
y =√x + 2
x
0
(−2, −2) y
y = x
(1, 1)
y = x −
x
0
x
(1, 0)
y =− x
(1, −1)

Cambridge Senior Maths AC/VCE Mathematical Methods 3&4

ISBN 978-1-107-56747-4

Photocopying is restricted under law and this material must not be transferred to another party.

778 12 a
y
y = ( f + g)(x)
(2, 6)
(2, 3)
y = f(x)
x
(0, 0)
y = g(x)

13

b

a

b y
y = f(x)
(1, 1)
(− 1, 1)
(1, 0)
(− 1, 0)
−1) (1, − 1)
( −1,
y = ( f + g)(x)
y = g(x)

x y
y = x 2 + 3
(
− 3, 6)
y = x 2
(
y = 3
3, 6)
(
− 3, 3)
(
3, 3)
x
0

y y = x 2 + 2x +
y = x 2 + 2x
x
y =
x
x
0

c

y y =
x
(1, 1)
(1, 0)
x
0
(1,
1)
y = −x 2 +
x
y = − x 2
1E
1 a
f (g(x)) = 4x − 1,
g( f (x)) = 4x − 2
b
f (g(x)) = 8x + 5,
g( f (x)) = 8x + 3
c
f (g(x)) = 4x − 7,
g( f (x)) = 4x − 5
d
f (g(x)) = 2x 2 − 1,
g( f (x)) = (2x − 1) 2 e

f

2 a

f (g(x)) = 2(x 5) 2 + 1,

f (g(x)) = 2x 2 + 1, f (h(x)) = 6x + 3

15

g( f (x)) = 2x 2 4

g( f (x)) = (2x + 1) 2 b h( f (x)) = 6x 1

g 3

c

a 9x 2 + 12x + 3

c 120

d 11

e 21

f 7

3

b 3x 2 + 6x + 1

e 3

d 46

f 1

4 a h(g(x)) =

1

(3x + 2) 2 ,

dom(h g) = R +

5

6

7

3 2 + 2,

x

d 5

b

g(h(x)) =

1

25

dom(g h) = R \ {0}

ran g = [0, )

ran( f g) = [4, )

=

R

x 0

1

ran

=

R \ {

1

2 }

ran = R \ {0} y
0 1
2
− 1
− 2

x

c

a

b

c ran f dom g

a

b

a ran f = [2, ) dom g = R + ∪ {0}

b

ran f = [4, ),

f g(x) = x 4,

f g(x)

g f (x) = x,

x,

=

dom

dom = R \ {0],

\ { 2 },

f g(x) = x 2,

8

9

a ran g = [1, ) dom f = (−∞, 3]

b g : [2, 2] R,

g (x) = x 2 1

f g : [2, 2] R,

f g (x) = 4 x 2

a ran g = R dom f = R +

b g 1 : (−∞, 3) R,

g 1 (x) = 3 x

10

Domain

Range

f

g

R

[0, )

(−∞, 3]

[0, )

11

a ran g dom f , so f g exists

b ran f dom g, so g f does not exist

a S

b

c ran f dom g, so g f is deﬁned ran g dom f , so f g is not deﬁned

= [2, 2]

ran f = [0, 2], ran g = [1, ) 12
a ∈ [2, 3]
Exercise
1F

1 a

f 1 (x) = x 3

2

b

f

1 (x)

= 4 x

3

c

f 1 (x) = x 3

4

2 f 1 (x) =

a

x + 4

c

f 1 (x) = 4x

3

3 a

f 1 (x) =

1

2 (x + 4)

dom = [8, 8]

ran = [2, 6]

c

h

1 (x) = x 2

dom = [2, )

ran = R + ∪ {0}

b f 1 (x)

d

f 1 (x)

=

=

x

2

4x + 2

3

b

d

g 1 (x) = 9 1

x

dom = (−∞, 0)

ran = (9, )

f 1 (x) =

1

5 (x + 2)

dom = [17, 28]

ran = [3, 6]

e

g

1 (x) = x + 1

dom = (0, )

ran = (1, )

f

h 1 (x)

= x 2

dom = (0, )

ran = (0, )

Cambridge Senior Maths AC/VCE Mathematical Methods 3&4

ISBN 978-1-107-56747-4

Photocopying is restricted under law and this material must not be transferred to another party.

Cambridge University Press

1F 4 g −1 (x) = √ x + 1 − 1
dom g −1 = [−1, ∞), ran g −1 = [−1, ∞)
a
b
y
1
x
− 1
0 123
− 1 1
5 f −1 : R \ {−3} → R, f −1 (x) =
x + 3
y
f − 1
x
3
0
3
f
, −3 + √ 13
Intersection points: −3 + √ 13
2
2
−3 − √ 13 , −3 − √ 13
2
2

6 f 1 (2) =

2 1 , dom f 1

= [3, 3]

7 f 1 (x) = x

a

2 , dom f 1 = [2, 6], ran f 1 = [1, 3]

b

c

d

e

f

g

f 1 (x) = x + 2 4

dom f 1 = [4, ), ran f 1 = [0, )

{(6, 1), (4, 2), (8, 3), (11, 5)}, dom = {6, 4, 8, 11}, ran = {1, 2, 3, 5}

h 1 (x) = x 2 , dom h 1 = R + , ran h 1 = R

,

f 1 (x) = x

g 1 (x) = 1 + x, dom g 1 = (0, 16), ran g 1 = (1, 3)

g 1 (x) = x 2 + 1, dom g 1 = R + ∪ {0}, ran g 1 = [1, )

3

1, dom f 1 = R, ran f 1 = R h
h −1 (x) = √ 4 − x 2 ,
dom h −1 = [0, 2], ran h −1 = [0, 2]
8 y = x − 4
a
y
2
dom = R
y = 2 x + 4
( x − 4)
ran = R
y =
2
(0, 4)
(
− 2, 0)
x
0
(4, 0)
(0, −2)

b

c

d

e 779
f
−1 (x) = 3 − 2x
y
dom = R
3
ran = R
3
2
x
0
3
3
2
3 − x
y = 2
y = 3 − 2 x f −1 (x) = √ x + 2
y = (x − 2) 2
y y = 2 +
x
dom = R + ∪ {0}
ran = [2, ∞)
(0, 2)
x
0
(2, 0)
f −1 (x) = √ x + 1
y
dom = R + ∪ {0}
y =
x + 1
ran = [1, ∞)
y = (x − 1) 2
(0, 1)
x
0 (1, 0)
f −1 (x) = 2 − √ x
y
dom = R + ∪ {0}
y = (x − 1) 2
ran = (−∞, 2]
(0, 4)
(0, 2)
(4, 0)
x
0
(2, 0)
y =− x + 2 f
f
−1 (x) = 1
x y
dom = R +
1
ran = R +
y = x
x
0
1
g
f −1 (x) =
y
√ x
dom = R +
1
y = x 2
ran = R +
1
y =
x
x
0
h
h −1 (x) = 2x + 4
y
dom = R
y
= 2x + 4
ran = R
4
1
y
=
(x − 4)
2
x
− 2
0
4
−2

Cambridge Senior Maths AC/VCE Mathematical Methods 3&4

ISBN 978-1-107-56747-4

Photocopying is restricted under law and this material must not be transferred to another party.

Cambridge University Press

1F

780

9

a f 1 : [2, ) R,

f 1 (x) = (x 2) 2

b f 1 : R \ {0} → R,

c

f

1 (x) =

1

x

+ 3

f 1 : [4, ) R,

f 1 (x) = (x 4) 2 + 2

d f 1 : R \ {1} → R,

f 1 (x) =

x

3 1 + 2

e f 1 : R \ {−1} → R,

f

1 (x) =

5

x + 1 + 1

f f 1 : [1, ) R,

f 1 (x)

= 2 (x 1) 2 10
a
f −1 : R \ {1} → R,
b f −1 : R + ∪ {0} → R,
c f −1
: R \ { 2 } → R
3
11
a
y b
(3, 3)
x
0 (0, 0)
c
y d
3
2
x
0
2 3
 y e y f y (1, 1) x (0, 0) (− 1, −1) h y x 0 y = −2 c D d A 0 2 y y = 3 0 − 1 , 0 3 3 3 −3 0 − 3 g y 0 a C b B x x x x y 12 (4, 2) 0 y − 1 2 , 0 y = 2 0 (0, − 1) x = 1 y x = –1 (0, 6) y = 1 0 ( − 6, 0) y 13 a A = (−∞, 3] b b = 0, g −1 (x) = √ 1 − x, x ∈ [−3, 1] x 14 b = −2, g −1 (x) = −2 + √ x + 4 15 a = 3, f −1 (x) = 3 − √ x + 9 16 a y = 3 x domain = R \ {0} b y = (x + 4) 3 − 2 domain = R c y = (2 − x) 2 domain = (−∞, 2] 3 x d y = domain = R \ {1} x − 1 e 3 y = 2 5 − x + 6 domain = R \ {5} f 1 y = 4 + 1 domain = (2, ∞) (x − 2) 3 x 17 a Inverse is a y function 3 2 1 0 −3 − 2 − 1 123 − 1 − 2 − 3 (1, 2) 1 + √2 0 x + 1 f −1 (x) = x − 1 f −1 (x) = x 2 + 2 2x + 3 f −1 (x) = 3x − 2 y (3, 4) (1, 2) (4, 3) (0, 1) (2, 1) x 0 (1, 0) x b Inverse is not a function y 4 3 2 1 0 − 3 − 2 −1 1234 − 1 − 2 − 3 c Inverse is not y a function 4 3 2 1 −3 −2 −1 −1 0 1234 − 2 − 3 y 1 −4 0 1 − 4 x

x

x

x

Cambridge Senior Maths AC/VCE Mathematical Methods 3&4

ISBN 978-1-107-56747-4

Photocopying is restricted under law and this material must not be transferred to another party.

Cambridge University Press

18

d Inverse is a function

y 6
5
4
3
2
1
0
123456

x

e Inverse is not a function

1

a dom f = R \ { 2 }, y
4
3
2
1
− 4 − 3− 2 − 1
0 1 2 34
− 1
− 2
− 3
− 4
1
ran f = R \ { 2 },

b

f is deﬁned as ran f dom f

f

f f(x) = x,

x R \ {

1

2 }

y

x

x  x + 3
1
c
f −1 : R \ { 2 } → R, f −1 (x) =
2x − 1
Exercise
1G
1 a Maximal domain = R \ {0}; Range = R +
1
1
b
i
ii
iii 16
iv 16
16
16
c
y
x
0
2 a Odd
b Even
c Odd
d
Odd
e Even
f Odd
3 a
x = 1 or x = −1
b
y g
2
f
0
2
4

x 4 a
x = 1 or x = 0
b
y
g
1
x
0
− 2
2
f −1
1
5 −1 : R → R, f −1 (x) = x
a
f
7
1
b
f
−1 : [0, ∞) → R, f −1 (x) = −x
6
1 1
c
f
−1 : R → R, f −1 (x) =
3
3 x
1 1
d
f
−1 : (16, ∞) → R, f −1 (x) =
4
2 x

781 1H
 
4 if 0 ≤ x ≤ 2
1
f(x) =
 
2x
if x > 2
y
8
4
x
0
2
4

2

V(x) = 4x(10 x)(18 x), domain = [0, 10] 3
a
A(x) = −x 2 + 92x − 720
b 12 ≤ x ≤ 60
c
A
(46, 1396)
(60, 1200)
(12, 240)
x
0

d

Maximum area 1396 m 2 occurs when

x = 46 and y = 34

4 a i S = 2x 2 + 6xh

ii S = 2x 2 +

3V

5

x

b

c

Area = x 4a 2 x 2 , domain = [0, 2a]

Maximal domain = (0, )

Maximum value of S = 1508 m 2 6a
6
a
A =
a + 2
b
Domain = [0, 6]; Range = 0, 9
2
9
c
d
y
2
4
9
6,
2
2
0
2
4
6

x Cambridge Senior Maths AC/VCE Mathematical Methods 3&4

ISBN 978-1-107-56747-4

Photocopying is restricted under law and this material must not be transferred to another party.

Cambridge University Press 782
1
1
3
7 a
a =
b =
c = 45,
d = − 2 ,
e = 75
30 ,
15 ,
b
S
c Range = 0, 7
2
7
75,
2
3
45,
2
t
0
Chapter 1 review

Technology-free questions 1
a Domain = R
y
Range = [1, ∞)
f ( x) = x 2 + 1
(0, 1)
x
0
b Domain = R
y
Range = R
f(x) = 2x − 6
x
0
3
− 6 c Domain = [−5, 5]
y
Range = [−5, 5]
5
x 2 + y 2 = 25
x
− 5
0
5
− 5
d Domain = R
y Range = R

e Domain = R

Range = R y ≥ 2x + 1
1
0
1
2
y
y < x − 3
3
0
− 3

x

x

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9 a
y
(5, 4)
3
y = g ( x )
2
x
0
−3
b
ran g = 3 2 ,4
3
c
g −1 : 2 ,4 → R, g −1 (x) = 2x − 3
dom g −1 = 3 2 ,4 ,
ran g −1 = [0, 5]
7
d
{5}
e
2
5
1
a
b
{11}
c −
1
10
y
(2, 3)
x
0
1
2
(0, −1)
a
R \ {3}
b
R \ [− √ 5, √ 5]
c R \ {1, −2}
d
[−5, 5]
e
[5, 15]
f R \ {2}
(
f + g)(x) =
x 2 + 5x + 1,
(
f g)(x) = (x − 3)(x + 2) 2
(
f
+ g): [1, 5] → R, ( f
+ g)(x) = x 2 + 1
(
f g): [1, 5] → R, ( f g)(x) = 2x(x − 1) 2
f −1 : [8, ∞) → R, f −1 (x) = √ x + 1

a ( f + g)(x) = x 2 + 2x + 3

b ( f g)(x) = x 2 (2x + 3)

c {−1, 3} 10
y
y = x
0, 4
(2, 2)
3
x
(
−4, 0)
0
4 , 0
3
(0, −4)
1 1
11
a
f −1 : R → R, f −1 (x) =
3
2 x
1 1
b f −1 : (−∞, 0] → R, f −1 (x) =
5
2 x
1 1
c f −1 : [0, ∞) → R, f −1 (x) =
6
2 x

d f 1 : (10 000, ) R, f 1 (x) =

1 1

10 x

4

12 a f g(x) = 2x 3 + 3

b g f (x) = (2x + 3) 3

c g g(x)