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ConevsSpherevsCylinder

Volume of a Cone vs Cylinder


Let'sfita cylinder arounda cone .

Thevolumeformulasforconesandcylindersareverysimilar:

Thevolumeofacylinderis: r2h
1
Thevolumeofaconeis: r2h
3

1
Sothecone'svolumeisexactlyonethird( )ofacylinder'svolume.
3

(Trytoimaginehow3conesfitinsideacylinder!)

Volume of a Sphere vs Cylinder


Nowlet'sfitacylinderarounda sphere .

Wemustnowmakethecylinder'sheight2rsothespherefitsperfectlyinside.
Thevolumeofthecylinderis: r2h=2r3
4
Thevolumeofthesphereis: r3
3

4
Sothesphere'svolumeis vs2forthecylinder
3

2
Ormoresimplythesphere'svolumeis ofthecylinder'svolume!
3

The Result
Andsowegetthisamazingthingthatthevolumeofaconeandspheretogethermakea
cylinder,assumingtheyaremadetoperfectlyfiteachother,soh=2r:

Volumes
r r
r
+ = r
r
(13) r 2h (43) r 3 2 r 3
1
3
2
3 1
Isn'tmathematicswonderful?

Question:whatistherelationshipbetweenthevolumeofaconeandhalfasphere(a
hemisphere).

Surface Area
Whatabouttheirsurfaceareas?

Surface Areas
r r
r r r

(1+ 5) r 2 4 r 2 6 r 2
1+ 5
6
2
3 1
2
Amazinglywegetthesameratioof betweenthesphere'sandcylinder'ssurfacearea!
3

Butthesameideadoesnotworkforthecone.

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