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ercomplus

Communications Program
Instructions Manual

ZIV GRID AUTOMATION, S.L. 2011 BCOM0709Av04


ZIV APLICACIONES Y TECNOLOGA, S.L.
End-User Software License Agreement

THIS IS A LEGAL AGREEMENT BETWEEN YOU (AS "LICENSEE") AND ZIV APLICACIONES Y
TECNOLOGIA, S.L. (AS "LICENSOR") FOR THE SOFTWARE PROGRAM YOU HAVE
PURCHASED. PLEASE READ THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THIS LICENSE AGREEMENT
CAREFULLY BEFORE USING THE PROGRAM DISKETTES. THE PROGRAM IS COPYRIGHTED
AND LICENSED TO YOU (NOT SOLD).

IF YOU INSTALL, USE OR COPY THE SOFTWARE PROGRAM, YOU ARE ACCEPTING AND
AGREEING TO THE TERMS OF THIS LICENSE AGREEMENT. IF YOU ARE NOT WILLING TO
BE BOUND BY THE TERMS OF THIS LICENSE AGREEMENT, YOU SHOULD PROMPTLY
RETURN THE ENTIRE CONTENTS OF THIS PACKAGE TO YOUR SELLER.

Terms and Conditions of License

1. License Grant. Licensor hereby grants to you, and you accept, a nonexclusive license to use the
Program Diskettes and the computer programs contained therein in machine-readable, object code form only,
and the accompanying documentation (collectively referred to as the "Software"), only as authorized in this
License Agreement. You may use the program(s) solely in your internal operations at all facility sites you own
but only with the type of machines and equipment specified in the printed material furnished by Licensor and
only in accordance with the instructions given in such material.

2. Restrictions. You may not: (a) use, copy, modify or transfer the Software except as expressly
provided in this or another Agreement with Licensor, (b) reverse engineer, decompile or disassemble or separate
the components of the Software, or (c) rent, sell or lease the Software or make the Software available to others to
do any of the foregoing.

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backup purposes. In the event the program diskettes are damaged, you may return them to Licensor, at your
expense, and obtain a new copy free of charge.

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assign, sublicense, transfer, pledge, lease, rent or share your rights under this License Agreement.

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Licensor protected under International laws and treaties. You further acknowledge and agree that all right, title
and interest in and to the Software, including associated intellectual property rights, are and shall remain with
Licensor. This License Agreement does not convey to you an interest in or to the Software, but only a limited
right of use revocable in accordance with the terms of this License Agreement..

6. Confidentiality. The Software is confidential and no details or information relating to the same
shall be disclosed to any third party without the prior written consent of Licensor.

7. Term. This License Agreement is effective upon your opening of this package and shall continue
until terminated. You may terminate this License Agreement at any time by returning the Software and all copies
thereof and extracts there from to Licensor, or by destroying all tangible copies of the Software. Licensor may
terminate this License Agreement upon your breach of any term hereof. Upon such termination by Licensor, you
agree to return to Licensor the Software and all copies and portions thereof, or destroy all tangible copies of the
Software, and to erase all copies of the Software held in computer memory or otherwise.

8. AS IS. THE SOFTWARE IS LICENSED "AS IS" AND WITHOUT A WARRANTY OF ANY
KIND. LICENSOR EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS ANY AND ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, WHETHER
EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. LICENSOR DOES NOT
WARRANT THAT THE FUNCTIONS CONTAINED IN THE SOFTWARE WILL MEET
UNINTERRUPTED OR ERROR FREE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE
OF THE SOFTWARE IS WITH YOU.
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to any claims relating to the Software shall be to provide a new set of diskettes free of charge. In no event shall
Licensor be liable for any indirect, incidental, consequential, special, or exemplary damages or lost
profits, even if Licensor has been advised of the possibility of such damages.

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interest to such trademark is granted hereunder, and you agree that no such right, license or interest shall be
asserted by you with respect to such trademark.

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damage of any kind arising from a breach by you of this License Agreement, or any use or misuse of the
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claim or action by any of your customers in connection with the Software or this License Agreement.

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internal laws of SPAIN.

13. No Waiver. The failure of either party to enforce any rights hereunder or to take action against the
other party in the event of any breach hereunder shall not be deemed a waiver by that party as to subsequent
enforcement of rights or subsequent actions in the event of future breaches..

14. Entire Agreement. This License Agreement is the entire agreement between you and Licensor
with respect to the use of the Software and supersedes all prior understandings or agreements between the
parties. This License Agreement may be amended only by a writing by an officer of Licensor.

ZIV Aplicaciones y Tecnologa, S.L.


Parque Tecnolgico, 210
48016 Zamudio (Bizkaia)
Spain
Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Description and Start

1.1 Functions .................................................................................................... 1.1-1


1.1.1 Introduction to the Zivercomplus Communications Program ..................... 1.1-2
1.1.2 Functions ..................................................................................................... 1.1-2
1.1.2.a Substation Management .............................................................................. 1.1-2
1.1.2.b Connection with Positions in Previously Defined Substations..................... 1.1-2
1.1.2.c Receiving, Sending and Managing Information associated with the
Position ........................................................................................................ 1.1-2
1.1.2.d Executing Actions associated with the Position .......................................... 1.1-2
1.1.2.e Configuration Management ......................................................................... 1.1-2
1.1.2.f Offline Operation.......................................................................................... 1.1-2
1.1.2.g Use via Intelitool .......................................................................................... 1.1-2
1.1.2.h Other Functions ........................................................................................... 1.1-3
1.1.3 Connection between Computer and Equipment Features .......................... 1.1-3

1.2 Getting Started ........................................................................................... 1.2-1


1.2.1 System Requirements ................................................................................. 1.2-2
1.2.2 Preparation for Installation ........................................................................... 1.2-2
1.2.3 Zivercomplus Program Installation............................................................ 1.2-2
1.2.4 Starting Up the Program .............................................................................. 1.2-2
1.2.5 Description of the Initial Screen ................................................................... 1.2-3
1.2.6 Start-up from Intelitool ................................................................................. 1.2-3

1.3 Users, Languages and Oscillograph Display ......................................... 1.3-1


1.3.1 Users............................................................................................................ 1.3-2
1.3.2 Languages ................................................................................................... 1.3-4
1.3.3 Oscillograph Display .................................................................................... 1.3-4
1.3.4 Screen About... .......................................................................................... 1.3-4

Chapter 2. Application Development

2.1 Defining and Managing Installations ....................................................... 2.1-1


2.1.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 2.1-2
2.1.2 Accessing the Installation Dialog ................................................................. 2.1-2
2.1.3 Editing the Installation.................................................................................. 2.1-4
2.1.4 Communicating with the Installation ............................................................ 2.1-5

2.2 Connecting and Communicating with Equipment ................................. 2.2-1


2.2.1 Connection ................................................................................................... 2.2-2
2.2.2 Initial Communication Screen ...................................................................... 2.2-4
2.2.2.a Starting a Session........................................................................................ 2.2-4
2.2.2.b Closing a Session ........................................................................................ 2.2-5
2.2.3 Status ........................................................................................................... 2.2-6
2.2.4 Settings ........................................................................................................ 2.2-7
2.2.4.a General Screen Description ........................................................................ 2.2-7
2.2.4.b Operations with Settings .............................................................................. 2.2-8
2.2.4.c Special Settings Screens ............................................................................. 2.2-16

I
BCOM0709A
ZIVercomPlus: Communications Program
ZIV GRID AUTOMATION, S. L. Zamudio, 2011
Table of Contents

2.2.5 Configuration, User Curve and Equipment Language ................................. 2.2-17


2.2.5.a Introduction .................................................................................................. 2.2-17
2.2.5.b Managing the Configuration ......................................................................... 2.2-18
2.2.5.c Managing the User Curve ............................................................................ 2.2-20
2.2.5.d Language Manager ...................................................................................... 2.2-21
2.2.6 Actions, Active Group and Synchronization................................................. 2.2-22
2.2.7 Records ........................................................................................................ 2.2-24
2.2.7.a Events .......................................................................................................... 2.2-24
2.2.7.b Fault Conditions ........................................................................................... 2.2-27
2.2.7.c History Logs ................................................................................................. 2.2-28
2.2.7.d Oscillographs ............................................................................................... 2.2-29

2.3 Emulation .................................................................................................... 2.3-1


2.3.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 2.3-2
2.3.2 Entering to Emulation Mode......................................................................... 2.3-2
2.3.3 Description of the Emulation Substation ................................................... 2.3-3

Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

3.1 Introduction ................................................................................................ 3.1-1


3.1.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 3.1-2
3.1.2 Functions...................................................................................................... 3.1-2
3.1.2.a Creating a Configuration .............................................................................. 3.1-2
3.1.2.b Editing a Selected Configuration ................................................................. 3.1-2
3.1.2.c Generating Files ........................................................................................... 3.1-3
3.1.2.d Controlling and Checking Configuration Data.............................................. 3.1-3
3.1.2.e Validating a Configuration ............................................................................ 3.1-3
3.1.2.f Importing Data from Other Logic Configurations ......................................... 3.1-3
3.1.2.g Controlling and Managing Configurations.................................................... 3.1-3

3.2 Getting Started ........................................................................................... 3.2-1


3.2.1 Loading and Validating the Profile ............................................................... 3.2-2
3.2.2 Start Menu.................................................................................................... 3.2-4
3.2.3 Operating Method (Mouse & Keyboard) ...................................................... 3.2-4
3.2.4 Information Displays .................................................................................... 3.2-5
3.2.5 Using the Controls ....................................................................................... 3.2-5
3.2.6 Selecting Signals ......................................................................................... 3.2-7
3.2.6.a Signal Selection Screen ............................................................................... 3.2-7
3.2.6.b Signal Types ................................................................................................ 3.2-8
3.2.6.c Signal Restrictions ....................................................................................... 3.2-8

3.3 File Menu..................................................................................................... 3.3-1


3.3.1 New Configuration ....................................................................................... 3.3-2
3.3.2 Configuration Information............................................................................. 3.3-2
3.3.3 Load Configuration ....................................................................................... 3.3-2
3.3.4 Save Configuration ...................................................................................... 3.3-3
3.3.5 Compile Configuration ................................................................................. 3.3-3
3.3.6 Quit............................................................................................................... 3.3-3

3.4 Input / Output Logic ................................................................................... 3.4-1


3.4.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 3.4-2
3.4.2 Input Logic.................................................................................................... 3.4-2
3.4.3 Output Logic ................................................................................................. 3.4-4
3.4.4 LEDs Logic ................................................................................................... 3.4-5

II
BCOM0709A
ZIVercomPlus: Communications Program
ZIV GRID AUTOMATION, S. L. Zamudio, 2011
Table of Contents

3.5 Configuration-Associated Logic .............................................................. 3.5-1


3.5.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 3.5-2
3.5.2 Definition of Opcodes .................................................................................. 3.5-2
3.5.3 Records Associated with Logic .................................................................... 3.5-10
3.5.4 Managing Records....................................................................................... 3.5-10
3.5.4.a Opcodes....................................................................................................... 3.5-14

3.6 Defining Resources ................................................................................... 3.6-1


3.6.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 3.6-2
3.6.1.a Digital Signals .............................................................................................. 3.6-2
3.6.2 Parameters .................................................................................................. 3.6-3
3.6.3 Settings ........................................................................................................ 3.6-4
3.6.3.a Settings Group ............................................................................................. 3.6-4
3.6.3.b Defining Settings.......................................................................................... 3.6-5
3.6.4 Constants ..................................................................................................... 3.6-6
3.6.5 Commands .................................................................................................. 3.6-7
3.6.5.a Command Element Description ................................................................... 3.6-7
3.6.5.b Configuring the Command ........................................................................... 3.6-8
3.6.6 Analog Commands ...................................................................................... 3.6-15
3.6.6.a Analog Command Actions ........................................................................... 3.6-15
3.6.6.b Command Blocks......................................................................................... 3.6-16

3.7 Communications........................................................................................ 3.7-1


3.7.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 3.7-2
3.7.1.a General Format and Screen Handling ......................................................... 3.7-2
3.7.2 Procome....................................................................................................... 3.7-4
3.7.2.a Events .......................................................................................................... 3.7-4
3.7.2.b Control Changes .......................................................................................... 3.7-6
3.7.2.c Commands .................................................................................................. 3.7-9
3.7.2.d Metering Values ........................................................................................... 3.7-11
3.7.2.e Meters .......................................................................................................... 3.7-13
3.7.2.f Output Writings ............................................................................................ 3.7-14
3.7.3 DNP3 ........................................................................................................... 3.7-19
3.7.3.a Contacts ....................................................................................................... 3.7-19
3.7.3.b Commands .................................................................................................. 3.7-20
3.7.3.c Metering Values (Profile I) ........................................................................... 3.7-24
3.7.3.d Metering Values (Profile II) .......................................................................... 3.7-26
3.7.3.e Meters .......................................................................................................... 3.7-29
3.7.3.f Analog DNP3 Output Writings (Profile I) ..................................................... 3.7-31
3.7.3.g DNP3 Analog Output Writings (Profile II) .................................................... 3.7-34
3.7.4 MODBUS Protocol ....................................................................................... 3.7-37
3.7.4.a Inputs and Outputs ...................................................................................... 3.7-37
3.7.4.b Commands .................................................................................................. 3.7-39
3.7.4.c Metering Values ........................................................................................... 3.7-41
3.7.4.d Meters .......................................................................................................... 3.7-43
3.7.4.e Analog Output Writings ModBus ................................................................. 3.7-44
3.7.5 61850 Protocol ............................................................................................. 3.7-47
3.7.5.a Validity Configuration ................................................................................... 3.7-47
3.7.5.b CSWI Node .................................................................................................. 3.7-48
3.7.5.c XCBR Node ................................................................................................. 3.7-51
3.7.5.d XSWI Node .................................................................................................. 3.7-52
3.7.5.e MCXL Node ................................................................................................. 3.7-52
3.7.5.f RFTL Node .................................................................................................. 3.7-53
3.7.5.g MMTR Node ................................................................................................ 3.7-56
3.7.5.h LPHD Node .................................................................................................. 3.7-57

III
BCOM0709A
ZIVercomPlus: Communications Program
ZIV GRID AUTOMATION, S. L. Zamudio, 2011
Table of Contents

3.7.5.i ATCC ........................................................................................................... 3.7-57


3.7.5.j IHMI.............................................................................................................. 3.7-59
3.7.5.k CALH............................................................................................................ 3.7-59
3.7.5.l SIMG ............................................................................................................ 3.7-60
3.7.5.m GENGGIO .................................................................................................... 3.7-60
3.7.5.n TGOGGIO and TGO2GGIO......................................................................... 3.7-62
3.7.5.o YLTC ............................................................................................................ 3.7-63

3.8 HMI............................................................................................................... 3.8-1


3.8.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 3.8-2
3.8.2 Commands ................................................................................................... 3.8-2
3.8.3 Events .......................................................................................................... 3.8-3
3.8.4 User Defined HMI Screens .......................................................................... 3.8-4
3.8.5 HMI Cyclical Screens ................................................................................... 3.8-5
3.8.5.a HMI Available Screens ................................................................................. 3.8-6

3.9 Graphical HMI ............................................................................................. 3.9-1


3.9.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 3.9-2
3.9.2 Graphic Diagram Screens to be Shown ...................................................... 3.9-2
3.9.2.a Screens available for the Graphical HMI ..................................................... 3.9-3
3.9.3 User Graphic Diagrams ............................................................................... 3.9-3
3.9.3.a Single Line Diagram Data Configuration ..................................................... 3.9-3
3.9.3.b Single Line Diagram Design ........................................................................ 3.9-7
3.9.3.c Import Single Line Diagram and Import Single Line Diagram Graphic
Design .......................................................................................................... 3.9-8

3.10 Profile Descriptions ................................................................................... 3.10-1


3.10.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 3.10-2
3.10.1.a Digital Signals .............................................................................................. 3.10-2
3.10.1.b Analog Signals ............................................................................................. 3.10-2

3.11 Documentation ........................................................................................... 3.11-1


3.11.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. 3.11-2
3.11.2 Reports......................................................................................................... 3.11-2
3.11.3 Report Output Types .................................................................................... 3.11-4
3.11.4 Report Parts ................................................................................................. 3.11-5

IV
BCOM0709A
ZIVercomPlus: Communications Program
ZIV GRID AUTOMATION, S. L. Zamudio, 2011
Table of Contents

A. Oscillo Viewer ............................................................................................ A-1


A.1 Introduction .................................................................................................. A-2
A.2 Structure of the Application.......................................................................... A-2
A.3 Operational Modes ...................................................................................... A-3
A.4 Main Menu ................................................................................................... A-4
A.4.1 File Menu ..................................................................................................... A-4
A.4.2 Edit Menu ..................................................................................................... A-4
A.4.3 View Menu ................................................................................................... A-5
A.4.4 Tools Menu: Phasor Calculation .................................................................. A-5
A.4.5 Configuration Menu ..................................................................................... A-6
A.4.6 Window Menu .............................................................................................. A-6
A.4.7 Help Menu ................................................................................................... A-6
A.5 File Explorer ................................................................................................. A-7
A.6 Channel Information .................................................................................... A-8
A.6.1 Selecting Oscillos ........................................................................................ A-8
A.6.2 Selecting Graphs ......................................................................................... A-8
A.6.3 Selecting Channels ...................................................................................... A-9
A.7 Graphic Zone ............................................................................................... A-10
A.7.1 Graphic Zone Tools Edition ......................................................................... A-10
A.7.2 Zoom ............................................................................................................ A-10
A.7.3 Pan............................................................................................................... A-10
A.7.4 Information ................................................................................................... A-10

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BCOM0709A
ZIVercomPlus: Communications Program
ZIV GRID AUTOMATION, S. L. Zamudio, 2011
Table of Contents

VI
BCOM0709A
ZIVercomPlus: Communications Program
ZIV GRID AUTOMATION, S. L. Zamudio, 2011
Chapter 1

Description and
Start
Content

1.1 Functions
1.2 Getting Started
1.3 Users, Languages and Oscillograph Display
1.1 Functions

1.1.1 Introduction to the Zivercomplus Communications Program ................................. 1.1-2


1.1.2 Functions ................................................................................................................. 1.1-2
1.1.2.a Substation Management ..................................................................................... 1.1-2
1.1.2.b Connection with Positions in Previously Defined Substations............................ 1.1-2
1.1.2.c Receiving, Sending and Managing Information associated with the Position .... 1.1-2
1.1.2.d Executing Actions associated with the Position ................................................. 1.1-2
1.1.2.e Configuration Management ................................................................................ 1.1-2
1.1.2.f Offline Operation................................................................................................. 1.1-2
1.1.2.g Use via Intelitool ................................................................................................. 1.1-2
1.1.2.h Other Functions .................................................................................................. 1.1-3
1.1.3 Connection between Computer and Equipment Features....................................... 1.1-3
Chapter 1. Description and Start

This manual is intended to serve as help in using the Zivercomplus communications


program, which runs on WINDOWS compatible PCs.

1.1.1 Introduction to the Zivercomplus Communications


Program
The Zivercomplus program is designed to dialog directly with ZIV equipments, enabling
connection from a PC, either directly through a local port or remotely through the use of a
modem or via TCP/IP in a LAN or WAN. This manual is a generic guide for the Zivercomplus
communications program.

The Zivercomplus program provides easy and convenient user access to all the available
information on the equipment with which a dialog is established. It also makes it easy to adjust
settings and extract the available information for generating records or reports. It is also capable
of generating, sending, receiving and managing the different configurations that can be loaded
on a ZIV equipment.

1.1.2 Functions
1.1.2.a Substation Management
Creates, edits, modifies or deletes the different substations with which communications can be
established, including local connections.

1.1.2.b Connection with Positions in Previously Defined Substations


For connection with positions in previously defined substations.

1.1.2.c Receiving, Sending and Managing Information associated with the


Position
For reading and writing position data on status, settings, different types of records and setup.
Also for storing the information on a hard disk and list printouts.

1.1.2.d Executing Actions associated with the Position


Encompasses changing of active tables and time synchronization, and possible user-defined
actions during setup.

1.1.2.e Configuration Management


Creates and modifies the different configurations that can be uploaded to the protection.

1.1.2.f Offline Operation


Users can work offline for tasks that require this mode of operation: analyzing and managing
collected information, generating lists of settings for subsequent sending to protection, editing
configurations, etc.

1.1.2.g Use via Intelitool


This can be launched from the configuration tool Intelitool, in order to undertake specific tasks
available for use from the same.

1.1-2
BCOM0709A
ZIVercomPlus: Communications Program
ZIV GRID AUTOMATION, S. L. Zamudio, 2011
1.1 Functions

1.1.2.h Other Functions


Calling up the oscillographic display, changing language, accessing the ZIV website, etc.

1.1.3 Connection between Computer and Equipment Features


The features required for this connection are the following:

- RS232 serial port up to 38400 bps for direct connection to a local port or for remote
connection via modem.
- Any pre-installed modem under WINDOWS.

1.1-3
BCOM0709A
ZIVercomPlus: Communications Program
ZIV GRID AUTOMATION, S. L. Zamudio, 2011
Chapter 1. Description and Start

1.1-4
BCOM0709A
ZIVercomPlus: Communications Program
ZIV GRID AUTOMATION, S. L. Zamudio, 2011
1.2 Getting Started

1.2.1 System Requirements.............................................................................................. 1.2-2


1.2.2 Preparation for Installation ....................................................................................... 1.2-2
1.2.3 Zivercomplus Program Installation ........................................................................ 1.2-2
1.2.4 Starting Up the Program .......................................................................................... 1.2-2
1.2.5 Description of the Initial Screen ............................................................................... 1.2-3
1.2.6 Start-up from Intelitool ............................................................................................. 1.2-3
Chapter 1. Description and Start

1.2.1 System Requirements


The minimum requirements for the PC to be used with this application are:

- Minimum 256MB of RAM


- Hard drive with 500MB of free space.
- VGA card, minimum 800x600.
- Color VGA monitor.
- RS232 Serial Port (for direct connection to equipment).

Supported operative systems are:

- Microsoft Windows XP.


- Microsoft Windows 7.
- Microsoft Windows 8.
- Windows XP Mode (Microsoft Virtual PC).

1.2.2 Preparation for Installation


Prior to commencement of Zivercomplus installation, check the requirements specified in the
section above and that the hard disk where the program is to be installed has enough free
space for the new application, which uses approximately 80 MB space. Also, add 400MB for
equipments profiles Database to install next the Zivercomplus.

1.2.3 Zivercomplus Program Installation


Zivercomplus is supplied in a CD-Rom for later installation into a PC.

Installation is made by inserting the CD-ROM. If the installation does not start automatically,
manually run the setup.exe file on the CD-ROM.

During the installation process the program gives options to select the folder where the program
is to be installed, as well as the group to be generated in the program manager.

By default, the installation is generated in C: \ Program Files \ Zivercom. For Windows 7 is


recommended to use a dedicated directory for Zivercomplus outside Program Files.

1.2.4 Starting Up the Program


Once the Zivercomplus program is installed, start it up by double clicking on the icon
appearing on your desktop.

1.2-2
BCOM0709A
ZIVercomPlus: Communications Program
ZIV GRID AUTOMATION, S. L. Zamudio, 2011
1.2 Getting Started

1.2.5 Description of the Initial Screen


When the program starts
up, it displays next
screen.

The user must introduce


a valid User and
Password into the
"Identification" dialog box
to log on.

Depending on the access


level associated to his
identification, the user
may or may not carry out
given tasks with the

Zivercomplus .

Chapter 6 deals with the users in more detail, but it must


be born in mind that when installing the Zivercomplus
only one user is created with the following passwords
(both in lower case):

User: zivercom.
Password: ziv (in this case, characters are hidden).

1.2.6 Start-up from Intelitool


Zivercomplus can be accessed from the configuration tool Intelitool in two different ways.

By clicking on Protection
Settings from Intelitools main
shaft.

1.2-3
BCOM0709A
ZIVercomPlus: Communications Program
ZIV GRID AUTOMATION, S. L. Zamudio, 2011
Chapter 1. Description and Start

In this case, the top part of the display will


show, next to the name of the application
(ZivercomPlus), the name of the application
that is accessing the same (i.e.: Intelitools)
and the equipment that seeks access to the
application:

Also, this can be accessed from the main menu, in order to be able to operate with all kinds of
equipment:

In this case, the top part of the display will


only show the name of the application that is
accessing the same:

In both cases, the Intelitool tool indicates the language in which it is going to be implemented

within the ZivercomPlus , which will is the same as the language displayed by Intelitool when
it is accessed.

The most important elements will share the same use throughout the application on the main
display, and are described as follows:

This is the main menu.

The status bar is divided into five segments:

Shows additional information about the selected


menu item.
Used to indicate activity in general for lengthy
processes, using explanatory texts and progress
bars indicating percentage.
Used to indicate communication activity using
red and green colors.
Advanced functionality used for debugging
purposes.
Indicates the PC date and time.

1.2-4
BCOM0709A
ZIVercomPlus: Communications Program
ZIV GRID AUTOMATION, S. L. Zamudio, 2011
1.3 Users, Languages and
Oscillograph Display

1.3.1 Users ........................................................................................................................ 1.3-2


1.3.2 Languages ............................................................................................................... 1.3-4
1.3.3 Oscillograph Display ................................................................................................ 1.3-4
1.3.4 Screen About... ...................................................................................................... 1.3-4
Chapter 1. Description and Start

1.3.1 Users
The Configuration submenu
lets you access the User
management functions. User
management is only allowed if
the current user has a
Superuser Access Level. If
so, a dialog like the one shown
below is accessed.

This screen shows the


registered users and the User,
Password and Access Level
texts.

You can Create a new user by pressing , pulling up


the screen shown at right.

You can Edit a user by pressing and Delete a user


by selecting the user to be deleted and pressing .

The user management rules are as follows:

- When the Zivercomplus program is installed, only one user with the superuser access
level is created, with zivercom - ziv as User and Password.
- User management can only be carried out if the current user has a superuser access
level.
- There can be no more than one superuser and, moreover, the superuser cannot be
deleted (although the superuser's User and Password can be edited, but not the
Access Level).
- There cannot be two users with identical User and Password.
- One user is allowed to leave the User and Password empty.

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1.3 Users, Languages and Oscillograph Display

There are four access levels, from lowest to highest:

- Queries:
- Queries and Editing:
- Total Access:
- Superuser:

The following table shows the accessible functions for each access level:

Queries Queries and Total Access Superuser


Editing

Connect YES YES YES YES


Request Status YES YES YES YES
Request Settings YES YES YES YES
Send Settings NO YES YES YES
Send Configuration NO NO YES YES
Request User Curve YES YES YES YES
Send User Curve NO YES YES YES
Request Events YES YES YES YES
Request Faults YES YES YES YES
Req. Measures Logs YES YES YES YES
Req. Oscillo Reports YES YES YES YES
Request Oscillos YES YES YES YES
User Management NO NO NO YES
Request Active Group YES YES YES YES
Send Active Group NO YES YES YES
Request Time YES YES YES YES
Synchronize NO NO YES YES
Execute Commands NO NO YES YES

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Chapter 1. Description and Start

1.3.2 Languages
The Configuration submenu also lets you access the
Language management functions. The Configuration
submenu also lets you access the Language
management functions. For this function, it is essential
that there be no open sessions, whether on or offline.

Upon entering the submenu you are shown the dialog at


right, where the available languages are displayed (in this
case, Spanish, English, Portuguese and French). In the
example, the current selection is English. The language
selection can be changed by highlighting the desired
selection and pressing Set.

The language change is only confirmed if you exit this


dialog by pressing OK, and the new language
configuration takes effect immediately, without it being
necessary to exit Zivercomplus.

If Zivercomplus is accessed from the Intelitool setup program, it automatically uses


Intelitools current language and this cannot be modified during the implementation of the
same.

1.3.3 Oscillograph Display


The Oscillography Display submenu lets you tell Zivercomplus which program you wish to
use to view the oscillographs when you double-click on them

The dialog shown at right is displayed


to let you select the executable file
with and the parameters used
when attempting to view oscillographs
with .

What is shown in this dialog is


installed by default along with
Zivercomplus.

1.3.4 Screen About...


Click the Help program button (on the main tool
bar), to display the submenu About..., enabling the
user to access a screen similar to the screen on
the right. This screen shows, among other data,
the version of the installed Zivercomplus (for
example, Version: 1.49) and the version of the
installed -languages + profiles- database (for
example, db:1.39).

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Chapter 2

Application
Development
Content

2.1 Defining and Managing Installations


2.2 Connecting and Communicating with Equipment
2.3 Emulation
2.1 Defining and Managing
Installations

2.1.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................. 2.1-2


2.1.2 Accessing the Installation Dialog ............................................................................. 2.1-2
2.1.3 Editing the Installation .............................................................................................. 2.1-4
2.1.4 Communicating with the Installation ........................................................................ 2.1-5
Chapter 2. Application Development

2.1.1 Introduction
Users can create, edit or delete installations as required. Each installation is associated with a
text file whose name and location are the user's responsibility. The installation contains the
following information:

- Installation Text. All installations have associated text.


- Communications Protocol. Each installation communicates via a single protocol which
can be selected from a list of protocols.
- Type of Communication. A certain communications protocol can be supported by
different hardware and ways of accessing them. The type of hardware and access
determine the 'type of communication'.
- Additional Information. Depending on the protocol and type of communication, the
user should provide certain additional information in order to be able to dialog with the
installation.

2.1.2 Accessing the Installation Dialog


Selecting the Protections menu option on the
initial screen calls up the menu shown on the right.

By selecting the first menu option, Installations,


you access a dialog that allows you to explore the
PC's file system and manage the various
installations.

This dialog is a customized version of the standard Windows 'open' dialog. You will first see the
..\datos\subestaciones subdirecty, which is the default location where the installations are
created. Only files with an sbs extension are shown, i.e. files containing information about
installations.

In the screen on the right, the file


sub_tests.sbs is selected. Its
complete path is shown under the
Path heading and its contents are
shown for informational purposes only
under the Preview heading.

Each installation is represented by a


single file, so you can manage the
installations just like you would handle
a regular file.

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2.1 Defining and Managing Installations

You can delete a installation by highlighting the file and pressing delete. This deletes the
selected file and, consequently, the installation.

You can Create a installation by entering a nonexistent file name in the dialog box next to
Name and pressing Edit , or you can Edit an existing installation by selecting the relevant file
and pressing Edit.

It is important to note that users are free to create a installation in the location of their
choice within the directory tree, to organize the installation by directories as required
and to know where are those installations and directories.

In either case a dialog like the one


shown on the right is called up, where
the only difference is that the heading
shown at the top of the dialog will be
either Create installation or Edit
installation. The above dialog box
shows the default settings entered by
Zivercomplus when a new
installation is created.

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2.1.3 Editing the Installation


Whether you are creating or editing a installation, the way the data are edited is the same:

- The Installation Text field is always editable.


- The Protocol field lets the user select a specific communications protocol; in our case
only PROCOME 3.0 is available.
- The Communication Type field lets you indicate the hardware used for data
transmission, which can be:
o Direct, in this case the rest of the additional data are included in the SERIAL box,
except the Telephone and Modem fields (see above screen).
o RTC, Switched Telephone Network; in this case the rest of the additional data are
included in the SERIAL box.
o LAN, Local Area Network; in this case the rest of the additional data are included
in the NETWORK box.

Depending on the selection enabled in Communication Type, only meaningful fields may be
edited in the SERIAL and NETWORK boxes.

The meaning and range of each of the fields is described individually below.

- Installation Text: text indicating the selected installation.


- Protocol: indicates the communications protocol to be used; the only value allowed is
PROCOME.
- Communication Type: the allowed values are:
o DIRECT, direct communication via serial line.
o RTC, Communication via Switched Telephone Network.
o LAN, Communication via Local Area Network.
- Speed: the speed of communication. The allowed values are:
300 9600
600 14400
1200 19200
2400 38400
4800
- Select default values (for speed): allows users to indicate whether or not default
values are accepted for the selected speed.
o YES selects the default values (cannot be edited).
o NO lets the values be edited. Users are advised to use default values, and in any
case not to use values that are smaller than the existing default values:
T. first character (ms): indicates the maximum delay time for arrival of the
first character.
T. message (ms): indicates the maximum delay time allowed between the
arrival of the first and last character of the message.
T. between retries (ms): indicates the set delay time before retrying.
N. of retries: indicates the number of retries.
- Data bits: the allowed values are:
o 7
o 8

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2.1 Defining and Managing Installations

- Stop bits: the allowed values are:


o 1
o 2
- Parity
o No parity.
o Odd.
o Even.
- Port
COM1 COM5
COM2 COM6
COM3 COM7
COM4 COM8
- Telephone. Telephone number for connecting with the installation.
- MODEM: indicates the modem to be used for communications. The Zivercomplus
program lets you use any installed modem, according to the list shown in Start >
Configuration > Control Panel > Modems.
o ZIV UCS, indicates you are communicating with the protection through the ZIV
Central Installation Unit.
o Transparent, indicates you are communicating with the protection transparently
through a concentrator.
- IP Address, indicates the IP address of the ZIV UCS through which you will interact
with the protection.
- Port, if there are no special circumstances, the value should be 32001.
- T. message (ms): indicates the maximum message delay time for network
communications. The default value is 5000 and there are three retries.

It is important to note that:

- Any modem that can be installed under WINDOWS can be used to communicate
with the installations.
- Direct relay communications (PC serial cable <-> protection) should be viewed as
a particular means of communicating with a installation. In fact, there is no explicit
option in Zivercomplus for directly communicating with a protection, so this must be
done by creating a installation with the DIRECT option in the 'Communication Type'
field.

2.1.4 Communicating with the Installation


In the installation management dialog, the Communicate button lets you go directly to the
dialog that lets you communicate with the installation selected at that time. As described in
section 2.2.1 of Chapter 2, this is one of the two ways of accessing the communications input
dialog.

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2.2 Connecting and
Communicating with
Equipment

2.2.1 Connection ............................................................................................................... 2.2-2


2.2.2 Initial Communication Screen .................................................................................. 2.2-4
2.2.2.a Starting a Session............................................................................................... 2.2-4
2.2.2.b Closing a Session ............................................................................................... 2.2-5
2.2.3 Status ....................................................................................................................... 2.2-6
2.2.4 Settings .................................................................................................................... 2.2-7
2.2.4.a General Screen Description ............................................................................... 2.2-7
2.2.4.b Operations with Settings ..................................................................................... 2.2-8
2.2.4.c Special Settings Screens .................................................................................. 2.2-16
2.2.5 Configuration, User Curve and Equipment Language ........................................... 2.2-17
2.2.5.a Introduction ....................................................................................................... 2.2-17
2.2.5.b Managing the Configuration ............................................................................. 2.2-18
2.2.5.c Managing the User Curve ................................................................................. 2.2-20
2.2.5.d Language Manager........................................................................................... 2.2-21
2.2.6 Actions, Active Group and Synchronization .......................................................... 2.2-22
2.2.7 Records .................................................................................................................. 2.2-24
2.2.7.a Events ............................................................................................................... 2.2-24
2.2.7.b Fault Conditions ................................................................................................ 2.2-27
2.2.7.c History Logs ...................................................................................................... 2.2-28
2.2.7.d Oscillographs .................................................................................................... 2.2-29
Chapter 2. Application Development

2.2.1 Connection
Dialog with a protection is always through an installation, even in case of direct communication
(see section 2.1.3 of Chapter 2).

The installation connection dialog can be accessed by pressing the Communicate button as
described in section 2.1.4 or from the start screen menu shown in section 2.1.2 (both in Chapter
2).

In this case, a list of the last instalations with which


communications have been established is
displayed in the IEDs submenu, between the
Instalations and Emulate menu options. In the
example shown at right, the last instalation
accessed was Sb Example. This list can have up
to a maximum of 10 items.

A dialog like the one shown on the right is


displayed upon selecting any of the available
instalations. The instalation text - in this example
the text is Sb Example - is displayed under the
Communicate title.

Under the fixed Preview text there is a window


where you can see the contents of the file that
supports the installation. It is for informational
purposes only, that is, you cannot make any
communication setup changes here.

Under the fixed Addresses text a list is displayed


with the possible addresses for a protection within
an installation. In the example, the '0' is highlighted
in the address column.

By selecting the address of the protection


equipment you wish to communicate with and
pressing OK, the Zivercomplus program tries to
communicate with the selected address.

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2.2 Connecting and Communicating with Equipment

In case of an error, the program shows successive messages (shown below) before returning to
the start screen.

The protection equipment may have a loaded configuration; if this is the case, then you are
informed of it and sent the (univocal) ID for that configuration. The Zivercomplus program
saves its configurations in files with the cfp extension. If the received ID matches one of the
configurations in the Zivercomplus program, then it loads the configuration and establishes
the connection. If it is not stored in the Zivercomplus program, then before asking the
protection equipment for the configuration, the Zivercomplus program asks the user to select
a directory and file where the configuration is to be saved. If you do not select a directory and
file, then you will work without a configuration.

The configuration complements the protection equipment's


operation. The items obtained from the configuration (settings,
commands) are distinguishable because there is a shown
before their regular symbols.

Another possibility is that the protection equipment has a


password. If so, you will be asked to enter it:

Also, if Zivercomplus is accessed from Intelitools setup


program for specific equipment, the user will be informed, if
applicable, that there is no coincidence between the model that
corresponds to the identifier received and the identifier
expected, and this will enable the user to continue with the
communication, or end the same.

The final objective of Intelitools


configuration tool when it
accesses Zivercomplus for a
specific equipment is reading
and writing settings on the CID,
and forward compact
configurations (CPTs) to the
equipment; not all settings are
contemplated in the CID, but
only those bearing the logo :

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2.2.2 Initial Communication Screen


2.2.2.a Starting a Session
If you connect successfully, the program displays a screen like the one shown below, with all
the basic left-hand nodes open.

The general appearance of the communications screens is similar to that of the Windows File
Manager: a panel on the left-hand side with nodes and a panel on the right-hand side with
nodes and terminal items.

Nodes are depicted by a or symbol and toggle between open ( ) and closed ( ).

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2.2 Connecting and Communicating with Equipment

A description of the nodes on the left-hand side of the screen follows - down to the first three
levels:

- : Indicates you are connected to a installation whose descriptive text


is 'Sb Example'.
- : Indicates that through the above
installation you are connected to a protection located at the '000' address, the model is
'#IRVA1N***100*A' and it has a configuration whose descriptive text is
'CONFIG_05.12.21'. It is important that the configuration text is easily visible, because
its presence determines the protection equipment's operation in a major way. The
configuration will be addressed later on. When communication with the protection
equipment fails for any reason, the status is indicated with a red X ( ). When
communication is restored, the previous status is shown.
- Status: displays a tree with all the status items; that is, instant - and
consequently perishable information sent by the protection equipment, and which it
makes no sense to edit from the PC, at least not directly. For example: date and time,
pending record types, unit status, instant measures, etc.
- Configuration: provides access to a screen which allows management of two
things from the PC: the user curve and the configuration. It is not a dropdown item.
- Settings: provides access to the settings tree, which includes protection
equipment operating parameters that can be edited from the protection itself, such as:
reclosing times, trip permissions, masks for the different events, configuration of Inputs /
Outputs / LEDs, etc.
- Control Operations: permits at least two things, namely, editing the active
group and setting the protection time. If the protection has a configuration with (user-
defined) commands loaded, then the protection equipment is a node instead of a
terminal item; that is Control Operations, is displayed
- Records: Indicates the access to four fixed items that represent the four types
of records that can be included in the protection: Events, Faults, History Logs and
Oscillography.

2.2.2.b Closing a Session

The left panel has a button , that is enabled


only if the installation you are connected to is
selected in the left panel. When this button is
pressed, the Zivercomplus program tries to shut
down the connection, performing the necessary
actions in each case: shutting down port, hanging
up phone, etc. The Zivercomplus program first
checks to see whether there is information the user
has not saved and which might be convenient to
save. Specifically, this refers to records (events,
fault conditions, metering logs, oscillographs - see
the section Records) the user has retrieved but not
saved. If this is the case, the unsaved information
is shown and the user is prompted to confirm the
session close.

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And, if the ZivercomPlus is accessed from


Intelitools setup program, the user will be
informed that there are settings that have not been
saved (if applicable)

Within this context, saving entails exporting data


according to the CID/XML format, as indicated
below. And the settings are left pending saving
when forwarded to the equipment successfully, or when any of the local settings is modified,
whatever means are used for implementing the same: i.e. load settings by default, copy tables,
import settings, etc.

2.2.3 Status
When the Status node is selected in the left panel, the status information is shown in
the right panel. When Status is pressed for the first time, in turn, all the status
information is requested. You can drill down all the different subdirectories to see the terminal
information received from the protection equipment, which is what really matters most.

In a regular situation, the


status screen can look
like this. Pressing CTRL,
ALT or SHIFT keys while
keeping pressed the
node, drops down a list
of node "daughter
branches" on the right
screen panel ( nodes).
The right panel, which
contains status
information, is divided
into four columns:

- Text. Provides
text and graphic
information about
the items and
their relationship
with other items.
- Value. This is shown only for terminal values, and there are different ways of displaying
the information coming from the protection equipment: date / time for the date and time,
and for enabling / disabling, numbers for modules and arguments and counters,
symbol to indicate pending records, etc.la
- Units. Units associated with the value, if any.
- Additional information. Empty (used for settings).

The top bar contains items for performing actions as well as informational items:

- Toggle button for displaying / hiding the left panel, also indicating the status of this
panel. This button is common to all right panel types, that are the left panel is always
concealable.

- Normal button that calls up the status when pressed.

- Toggle button for enabling / disabling status cycle requests; in the cycle request
position, the status is requested every 2 seconds.

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2.2 Connecting and Communicating with Equipment

- Toggle button for displaying status measurements, multiplied or not by the relevant
transformer ratio.
- Information bar common to all right-side
panels, containing significant information. Shows available information from the session
root up to the item selected in the left panel. It always has the following format:
\substation text\ddd-model\... If the text fails to fit in the bar, an ellipsis (three dots) is
used. If the bar is clicked with the left mouse button, the text is left-aligned or right-
aligned, depending on its position at that time. The purpose is to always be able to have
all the necessary information available even when the left panel is hidden.

2.2.4 Settings
To explain the Settings screen, a general description of the screen will be given first, and then
all the possible operations in this screen will then be described in sequence.

2.2.4.a General Screen Description


In a normal situation,
exploring the settings
screen before performing
any operations, the user
can encounter a situation
like this. The right panel,
which contains settings
information, is divided
into six columns:

- Text: provides
text and graphic
information about
the items and
their relationship
with the other
items
indicates that the
item is a
grouping of
settings; the rest
of the symbols depict different types of settings:
o Indicates a Boolean setting, i.e a setting with only two possible values. In
general, the text will be yes / no, although it can also be open / closed, control
function / clock, etc. Nothing is in the additional information column.
o Indicates a decimal setting type. The additional information column indicates
the minimum, maximum, step, and default values.
o Indicates a decimal type value that is converted according to a certain factor.
The additional information column indicates the minimum, maximum, step, and
default values.
o represents a factor used to obtain type values;;
o Indicates a list-type setting, that is, with several options that are generally
displayed in text mode. No additional information is included;
o Indicates a date-time setting which varies from 00:00 to 24:00. The additional
information column indicates its format and range: 'hh:mm (00:00 -24:00)'.

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- 1T: shows whether a setting is a single-group setting or a setting with several groups. If
there is a # symbol in the column, then it is a single-group setting. If there is nothing,
like in the figure, the setting has several groups (4 in this example).
- Current value: indicates the value of the setting in the equipment; if the setting has not
been brought yet we put . Cannot be edited.
- New value: indicates the working value currently available for operating (send, save,
print, etc.). It can be obtained in various ways and it can be edited. Its absence is
indicated by too. If ZivercomPlus is accessed from Intelitool, this
new value will be present when accessing the equipment, and is imported from the CID.
For adjustments that are not contemplated under the CID, the default value will be
applied.
- Units.: units associated with the setting, if any.
- Additional information: specific to the setting type; not always present.

2.2.4.b Operations with Settings


This section explains the Top Bar items as you are walked through a logical and consistent
sequence through all the operations that can be performed with settings.

The button, as with all the screens where it is displayed, shows / conceals the left panel.

The only exclusively informational item in the top bar is the group selector which
provides information about how many groups are available in the equipment (in this example,
four) and which is the active group: in this case, the active group is group three (red color and
arrow). It also tells you that the current work group is group one (depressed button). This
indicates that the settings you see on the screen, if any, are for group one. Obviously, this does
not affect single-group settings, which are marked with a #. The current work group is changed
by pressing the desired group number. Note that whatever is displayed on the screen always
refers to the current group.

A setting request is performed explicitly by pressing . This implies a request for all settings,
and implicitly two things are requested the first time a settings screen is displayed: the active
group number and the factor settings . This is because the information for the active group is
essential for operating purposes, and the settings have to be known in advance to be able to
depict other settings.

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2.2 Connecting and Communicating with Equipment

The collected settings are displayed in the Current Value column as indicated by the setting
type. In this case, you are viewing the settings for group three. You can see the values for the
different groups by selecting them (except for single-group settings).

You can then Accept Current Settings by pressing . This operation also affects all settings,
setting by setting and group by group, including single-group settings. The current settings are
copied over the new values, and this is reflected on the screen:

Once new values are implemented,


you are ready to perform different
operations with them.

Specifically, you can Edit Settings


and then send them to the protection
equipment. The only exception is
settings, which cannot be edited.

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By right-clicking a setting, the mouse


pointer changes appearance
indicating what can be edited.

Enter edit mode by left-clicking the


mouse.

For Option-type settings, you can


scroll through a list of options, but for
numerical settings, you have to enter
the number.

When a setting is highlighted, i.e. is being edited, you can:

- Edit the setting as appropriate (entering the number or scrolling to the option).
- Press ESC to exit edit mode without changing the setting. This is equivalent to
canceling the operation.
- Press RETURN to validate an alteration; and if successful, the setting is changed and
you exit edit mode. If the operation fails, the reason is indicated and you continue in edit
mode in the same setting.
- Press TAB to validate an alteration; and if successful, the setting is changed and you
scroll down to the next editable setting. If the operation fails, the reason is indicated and
you continue in edit mode in the same setting.
- Pressing SHIFT-TAB has the same effect as pressing TAB alone, but editing scrolls up
instead of down.
- Press with the left bottom out of the setting; if the validation is successful it's shown as
RETURN, if it's not successful it's shown as ESC. If the press have been in other
setting, it will be edit.

Validation of the setting will always be successful if the setting is a listed setting, but can fail if it
is a numeric setting. The following type of information can be provided, allowing you to properly
edit the setting or cancel the operation.

After editing the settings, the differences between the current values (Protection) and the new
values (PC) for the current group or for settings without groups are displayed in red. The red
color indicating the difference is also propagated toward the root of the tree, as shown in the
following sample screen.

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2.2 Connecting and Communicating with Equipment

The setting with a difference (Reverse-Direction), as well as its descriptive text (Phase IOC
Direction), are colored red, as are all the branches up to the root in both panels. As a result, you
can locate the differences at a glance.

As you will see below, there are two more ways of editing new values: creating default settings
or importing them .

Regardless of how you edit the settings, you can send the new values by pressing . If no
problems have occurred, after sending, you have to check that there are no differences
between the current and new values.

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Each setting has a Default Value that can be


copied to the New Value. Press the button to
access the dialog shown at right, which provides
great flexibility in terms of changing settings and
groups. You can select the groups you wish from
the list on the right. On the left-hand side you can
choose from three options:

- Right Panel Selection indicates that you accept the settings selected in the right panel.
The right panel allows for multiple selection of settings and of complete branches, so if
a branch is selected, all its daughter branches and their settings (visible and
invisible) are also selected, and so on. When using this option, carefully select
what you want from the right panel before pressing the button to create new
default values.
- All Right Panel indicates that the operation will apply to all the right panel settings,
whether visible or not.
- All indicates that the operation will apply to all settings.

By pressing you can Copy


Groups. As with all other cases, the
editing of settings affects the new
values. By pressing OK, the group 1
settings will be copied over the group
2 and 3 settings. This will apply to All
the protection settings comprising
multiple groups. The Source Group
list only allows one selection, while
the Target Group(s) list allows
multiple selections.

Print Settings is an option whose interface is very


similar to that of the Create default values option.
As with the other cases, only the new values are
printed. Press OK to call up the dialog which works
similar like the Default Values dialog in terms of
the selection made. The difference it's that can be
activated the option Only Differences, that
permits to print only the settings that have different
values in Actual Value and New Value.

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Pressing OK button exports the selection to XML format and calls up 'Microsoft Internet
Explorer', which displays the data in the XSLT format provided with the installation. The
following is an example of what is displayed.

From here you can, among other things, 'Preview', 'Print', etc.

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You may be interested in saving settings for subsequent analysis (see Emulation paragraph) or
to copy them to another protection by importing them, etc. Bear in mind that the saved settings
are always the New Values.

By pressing the button you access the Save XML Format, Save PR3 Format, Export XLS
Format or Export TXT Format dialog, a function of the option selected by the user to the right
of Type.

As shown by the text above, formats


XML and PR3 allow saving and later
retrieving those data, whereas formats
XLS and TXT only allow exporting.

In all cases the user is always


responsible for deciding the settings
that must be saved or exported in
which file and folder.

By saving the settings in XML format


they can easily be printed, viewed
with the browser, etc.; but, it can also
be seen simply as a way of saving
and retrieving information. As
indicated earlier, when
Zivercomplus is installed, a format
file is provided for viewing the XML
file information coherently.

PR3 storage is typical of


Zivercomplus and only allows
saving and retrieving settings.

The Settings to Export box provides a selection of settings and list of groups that is used in the
exact same way as the default settings box. The Overwrite checkbox lets you overwrite
settings in an existing file or add to the settings already in that file.

The bottom window shows the text contents of the XML file selected in File Name, if any
contents exist.

If accessed from Intelitool, the


ZivercomPlus enables an additional
specific export mode, which is format
CID/XML, which is will be the one
ZivercomPlus will provide by
default; and, with this format one can
only save All tables.

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At the right of Type there is a list that permits choose between XML, XLS and TXT.

The XLS format is a read-only export format (which can be read e.g. with Excel).

TXT format it's a text format too, and has been thought of for the user to exactly control the
width of each field; there are no tabs and space characters are used. It can be showed with the
Notepad, i.e.

The right screen is showned if this format is


choosen. It can be indicated a Text Width and a
Table Width; the program indicate the Total Width
que se obtendr al exportar. If the information it's
longer than the choosen witdh the last character
will be *.

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You can also Import settings that were previously


exported. As with the previous cases, what you
import goes to New Values.

On the settings screen, pressing displays the


Import dialog, which is very similar to the export
dialog. The difference is that you have to select an
existing file. In addition, you have to indicate which
New Value settings you're interested in importing
in the Settings to Import option. In other words,
when importing, you choose the settings that
match the selection made in Settings to import
from among the settings saved in the selected file.

2.2.4.c Special Settings Screens


Special screens are needed for settings of
complex nature, as is the case for Logic Inputs or
Outputs and LEDs, as shown in the following
screens.

In both cases, when there are settings in the New


Value field, the setting can be edited.

The difference between Input, Output or LED is


highlighted using the red color.

By just pressing the circle areas ( or ), the


user can disable an element of the New Value
blocks.

With the help of the mouse, the user may drag and
release outputs between Available logic outputs
list and OR and AND blocks. Double clicking OR
and AND block elements changes the current
element value to Not Used and Not Used to the
value selected from the Available Logic Outputs
list.

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2.2.5 Configuration, User Curve and Equipment Language


2.2.5.a Introduction
If the file for the equipment profile indicates that the equipment may have a Configuration, may
have a User Curve or the relay Language, the node will be displayed in the left panel
Configuration.

In addition, if upon connecting it was resolved that there was a dialog with configuration with
the equipment, then the name of the configuration is displayed, as mentioned earlier, together
with the address and the model name in brackets: .

By selecting the Configuration node in the left panel, the right panel displays the first
image in case of the No Configuration and No Language Dialog and the second image in
case of the with configuration and language dialog.

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2.2.5.b Managing the Configuration


As you have seen, in the case of the Dialog with Configuration, the configuration information
is repeated in the Actual Value and New Value columns. The same occurs for the language.
The reason for repeating this information is to avoid losing it when you edit the New Value, as
you will see below. The same rules that apply for the settings, apply here.

This information consists of three fields separated by commas:

- Configuration name.
- Configuration version with d.dd format.
- Configuration checksum.

Management of the different types of configurations is guided by the following rules.

ZivercomPlus can be accessed from Intelitool to be used for a single equipment only, or else
implement it on its own. From the point of view of configurations, both of the last two
circumstances are identical, hence we will only refer to access from Intelitool, or on its own,
which includes from Intelitool to any equipment.

There are two different types of configuration files: normal configurations with CPF extension,
and compact configurations with CPT extension.

Normal CFP configurations are used as profile extensions (equipment, model), but cannot be
interpreted by the relay. There are two types of CFPs: those generated from the
ZivercomPlus / ZIVerCID and those generated from Intelitool. Both types can be edited with
their respective tools, ZivercomPlus / ZIVerCID, or Intelitool. As regards ZivercomPlus /
ZIVerCID these are internally accessed via Ziverlog. When ZivercomPlus is accessed from
Intelitool, Ziverlogs functionality is not accessible.

Compact CPTs configurations contain the configuration data, both from the format that is
legible via the configuration tools, and from the format required by the relay. In fact, the CPT
indicates compact configuration and has a CFP inside, and the associated data is legible from
the relay.

These also contain data as regards the relay model -single- on which the configuration can be
loaded. This file can be generated both via the ZivercomPlus and also via the IntellliTool.

Based on the above information, we are going to describe the behaviour of the different buttons
when the current selection of the list is on :

- is always disabled, configurations are never requested explicitly, except when


communication with the equipment begins.
- can only be enabled when communication (not emulation) has been established, and
when something has been selected in . In this case, CPTs can be forwarded
if they have been generated for the equipment in use, and CFPs can only be forwarded
when access has not been made through Intelitool, providing that this is a configuration
that has been generated via Ziverlog.
- enables converting a CFT into a CPT. To this avail, there must be a CFP within
and it is also required that the following two conditions are met: that the
ZivercomPlus is running on its own (i.e.: not from Intelitool) and that the CFP is a CFP
that the Ziverlog.is capable of interpreting.

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- gives access to Ziverlog in order to edit or create a Ziverlog CFP. It will be


disabled if ZivercomPlus has been accessed from Intelitool and, if what we have under
is a CPT, or an Intelitool type CFP, it will also be disabled, i.e., it will only
be enabled if we have a Ziverlog type CFP and if this has not been accessed from
Intelitool. Also, if access has not be made via Intelitool, and there is no data
within , it is enabled to create a (CFP) configuration from zero.

In order to modify or run the contents of you must click below this with the left-
hand button of the mouse.

In this case, the ZivercomPlus will display a form where the CFP and/or CPT files will be
exclusively displayed, which will be usable under a specific context, which will show up on the
display as follows:

That is, the ZivercomPlus is in charge of filtering the useless CFPs and CPTs.

The form (or dialogue), contains useful data for the user, distributed in four columns. Direct and
reverse alphabetical ordering is enabled for the first three fields and, also, CFP and CPT files
are distinguished with different colours.

If button is enabled, the user can click on the same to forward the configuration to the
equipment, either in format CFP or CPT.

When the equipment receives the configuration it resets and is ready to operate again after
approximately 15 seconds. Once the configuration has been forwarded, the ZivercomPlus,
will close the session and it will be up to the user to decide whether to open it again after the
necessary time has lapsed.

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2.2.5.c Managing the User Curve


The user curve is handled similarly to the configuration: The equipment can send a curve ID (a
chain of characters) and the curve itself, which the Zivercomplus program can save to your
hard disk so as to avoid having to ask for it in its entirety every time. Curve files can also be
provided to the Zivercomplus program by other means. A curve ID is univocally matched to a
curve file.

The basic difference is that the user curve can be requested and sent at any time, like a normal
setting, and not when starting or ending the session like with the configuration.

From the configuration screen you can select User curve and press . The program asks for
the curve ID, and if it accepts it, searches for the curve from among the available user curve
files (crv extension).

If it finds the file, it shows the


associated data directly in New
Value; and if it doesn't, it prompts you
in New Value to save the curve in the
directory and file (with a crv
extension) of your choice.

Once this is done, when the same


curve ID is received in the future, the
user already knows where to look for
the data.

If you succeed in pulling up the curve, you will see something similar to the following illustration
on the screen:

That is, like with the


configuration, you have
the name (or ID) of the
curve, along with its
version and its
checksum.

You can edit the New Value of the curve in the same way as the configuration: when you place
the cursor above New Value, it changes in appearance to , indicating that it can be edited.
By right clicking you are prompted to select one of the saved crv files.

You can then press to send the curve to the equipment.

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2.2.5.d Language Manager


The Language Window shows the language information twice as Actual Value and New
Value. The reason to repeat the information is to avoid losing it when the New Value is edited.
The concept is similar to the settings.

The information has two fields:

- Language name.
- Language version.

Independent of the existence of configuration, the options in the Language Window are:

- Placing the cursor over New Value the icon indicates that is possible to select a new
value from the pull down menu activated with a left-click of the mouse.
- Once a New Value is selected, to send it to the IED click on the OK button. The
language manager will analyze the language file and will create the language files if no
problems are encountered. The message to the right will be shown. Once this
procedure is completed the language is ready to be sent to the IED.
- Once the language under New Value is validated and compiled, to send the file to the
IED select the Language element in the right panel and click the button.

Similar to the configuration loading, the IED resets once it receives the new language. Once the
language is sent, Zivercomplus will close the active session and a new session has to be
manually opened by the user after the IED finish the reset cycle.

Since the language update requires closing the active session, a confirmation message will pop
up with the option to cancel in case that the changes during the session need to be saved (sew
section Closing Session).

The window to the right gives the option to cancel


sending the language and closing the session. It
also indicates how many records haven't been
saved.

If the language is successfully sent


Zivercomplus will close the active session. A
new session and has to be opened by the user
after the IED finish the reset cycle.

When the Language element is selected in the


right panel, it is not possible to collect the language
information from the IED. The collect button will
be disabled: . The Language information is
collected automatically, when the configuration
node is selected in the left panel tree.

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2.2.6 Actions, Active Group and Synchronization


The left panel will always show a Control Operations node from the protection
equipment, which may or may not have a (or ) sign, depending on the circumstances.

Selecting this node in the left panel, the right panel displays the following:

- A Group Activation item for requesting and editing the active group.
- A Time Synchronization item for requesting from and sending time to the protection
equipment.
- Occasionally, a subtree in the right panel indicates
different user-defined commands.

As you already know, if you define your own commands when generating a configuration, these
will appear below the time synchronization.

Generally, the screen will


look like this:

As usual, the symbol overlaps other symbols to indicate user-defined; that is, extracted
from the configuration.

If you had entered settings before pressing Actions in the left panel, an implicit request for the
active group would have occurred.

That is, the retrieved data are placed in Actual Value and in Action.

In any case, you can set the Actual Value for all items by pressing . In the case of the active
group, it will be the number of the current active group; for the time synchronization, it will be the
protection equipment time; and for commands, it will be the command status.

The right panel will then look


something like this:

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As you can see, the Actual Value is also entered into Action. The same value is proposed in
the Action field for the group and time as is found in the Actual Value field. However, in regard
to commands, the present command status is found in Actual Value, while in Action we find
one of the potential actions, taking the command status into account.

As with the settings, you can edit the different Action values one by one in order to send them
to the IED:

- For the active group you can select any of the possible
options, bearing in mind the total number of groups.

- The Action field cannot be edited for time synchronization.


The PC's time is taken when sending to the IED.

- For commands,
you can choose
between actions
that are
compatible with
the Actual value.

As you can see in the screen, the current value is ON and the possible action proposed
is TURN OFF LED 1. Clicking on Action displays all the possible actions for the current
value.

Another possible
situation for this
same example is
shown in the
screen at right.

Unlike the settings, in this case the data are sent to the protection equipment one by one, by
pressing the relevant Execute button.

In all cases except synchronization,


the Zivercomplus program shows
the action to be performed, like in the
example at right.

If the user presses OK, the action is


carried out and the IED indicates
whether the action is accepted or
rejected.

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2.2.7 Records
In the left panel, open up the Records
node to see the four types of records contained in
it: Events, Faults, Metering Logs and
Oscillographs.

All records have in common that they are labeled


by date and are displayed in lists where the natural
order is by date, although you can order them
according to your own criteria.

The operations that can be performed with them are fairly common: issuing a request, ordering
according to different criteria, saving to disk, printing and deleting. Moreover, all the lists allow
multiple item selection, so you can apply the operations listed above to the items of your choice.

The way the different types of records are handled is described below.

2.2.7.a Events
If no event has been retrieved earlier, pressing on the Events node in the left panel will
result in a screen similar to the one below.

The events list will be


empty and the
Zivercomplus program
will indicate this by the
prompt No events to
display.

You can Request


Events from the
protection equipment by
pressing . In this
case, the Zivercomplus
program lets you specify
which events you want.

The available options will shown to be selected


(see the righ screen). Starting Date and Ending
Date will be editables only when the Record
option selection is Between Dates. The current
date is provided as the default for the start and end
dates.

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The events retrieval process begins when you press OK. The progress bar at the bottom
provides a running account of how many events have been retrieved.

Once the events have


been received, and
assuming you have
pressed to hide the
left panel, the screen will
look like this.

The top bar indicates that


you have retrieved 198
events (items). The
meaning of each of the
list's fields is important:

- indicates if
the event is
saved to a drive.
There are no
saved events in
the screen
represented as
an example.

- indicates the event date and time (down to ms). The triangle indicates that the
list is ordered in ascending order according to that field: the oldest events first;

- shows the text associated with the event.

- The , , etc. fields indicate the list of measures retrieved in the event,
depending on the protection equipment's settings. Units are indicated in parentheses.
All the measures included in a listed event are always shown in the top bar. If a certain
measure is not retrieved from a specific event, ***** will be displayed in its value field.

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The events can be displayed according to different criteria by simply pressing the desired item.
If you press on an item by which the order has already been set, the order is reversed. In this
example, if you press Event the list will be ordered alphabetically by Event, and if you press
Event again, it will be ordered again by Event, but in reverse alphabetical order.

Valid ordering fields are S, Time and Event (not magnitudes).

You can Delete events by pressing . This calls


up the dialog at right, which lets you delete all
events or only the selected ones.

You can save the selected events (Selection or All) in XML format by pressing . As always,
you are responsible for choosing the file and directory. You can also add or overwrite events to
an existing file. You will want to export events to a file so that you can examine them offline in
emulation mode (see Emulation).

The button, which in the Zivercomplus program means import, is disabled in the events
screen because it doesn't make sense to load other events from the program while you are
viewing the events from a protection. It is included because of its usefulness in emulation mode
(see Emulation) to give the same appearance to all screens.

The other operation you can perform


is to print the events. The operation
is similar to that of settings: by
pressing you can select the
events to be printed. When OK is
pressed, the program calls up the
browser and you can see the events
in the format provided during the
installation of Zivercomplus.

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2.2.7.b Fault Conditions


Fault conditions are handled in a very similar way to events, with very few exceptions. The
screen is accessed by pressing Events in the left panel. You can request fault conditions just
like events: All - First - Last - Between dates, Only pending options.

Once retrieved, the


screen can look like this:

The different list fields


are self-explanatory.
Faults can be ordered
according to the five
fixed fields: S, Fault
Start, Trip Command,
Fault End, and Fault
Type.

Fault conditions can be


exported, imported,
printed and deleted
exactly the same as
events. The only
important difference is
that only the most
significant fault data
appear on the list.

To see the complete fault


report, you can double-
click on the fault item you
wish to view or press
. In either case, a
window is opened in the
lower portion of the left-
hand panel where you
can examine all the data
from the selected fault.

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Generally, the fault information cannot be viewed all at once; you will have to use the scroll bar
on the right to scroll up or down the report. The order in which information is displayed is:

- Heading: date and time, duration, fault type, trip type, etc.
- List of picked-up / tripped units.
- List of general units.
- Pre-fault / fault magnitudes.
- General magnitudes.

The full report display can be cleared in the same way it was pulled up: by pressing or
double-clicking with the mouse.

2.2.7.c History Logs


In general, everything explained thus far for events and faults is applicable to history logs as
well. Once the metering logs are retrieved, a screen like this can be displayed.

The maximum and


minimum values are
displayed in blue and
red, respectively, for
each list item. Since
measurements in groups
of up to four magnitudes
are taken, when you
scroll through the
relevant fields you will
see a help message in
the heading with the
relevant magnitudes and
at the end of the units. If
the magnitudes do not
have the same units (!),
**** is displayed, as in
the example.

The list can be arranged by the S and Time fields.

As with events, if the measurement for a list item has not been retrieved, ***** is displayed.

In all other aspects, the operating mode for metering logs is identical to the rest of the records.

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2.2.7.d Oscillographs
The main differences with regard to the rest of the records are:

- An oscillograph is retrieved in two phases. First the oscillograph descriptor, which is a


summary of the most important oscillograph records (date / time, network frequency,
etc.) is retrieved, then the full oscillograph is retrieved if the user wishes.
- Full display of the oscillograph requires an external program to be opened.

After pressing Oscillography in the left panel, the oscillograph descriptors can be
retrieved by pressing . The Zivercomplus program does not ask any questions or for
confirmation - all the oscillograph descriptors present are retrieved.

The full oscillograph is


retrieved by double-
clicking on the descriptor.
The oscillograph display
is pulled up by double-
clicking on the
oscillograph.

For example, in the


screen shown here, the
user has pressed to
display five oscillograph
descriptors, then double-
clicked on the second,
third and fourth
descriptors (not
necessarily in that order)
and retrieved the full
oscillographs.

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The process of bringing an oscilloscope can be


long and the user may want to cancel it; to this
end, the screen to the right is shown, where the
oscilloscope request can be cancelled by pressing
the Cancel button, and pressing the Minimize
button, the user can minimize the Zivercomplus
while said oscilloscope is being brought.

The C/S field can be blank if you only have the descriptor (first and fifth), C if the full
oscillograph has been retrieved and it is in COMTRADE format with a default path generated by
Zivercomplus (second, third and fourth), or S if it is completely in COMTRADE format and
saved to a specific user-defined path after pressing in an item in C status.

Printing is not meaningful for these records. This is done by the oscillograph viewer pulled up by
the user.

An oscillograph can be fully viewed by double-clicking on the oscillograph with the C


(Comtrade) or S (Comtrade-Saved) feature.

The button applies as always, but it now deletes oscillograph descriptors or full
oscillographs, depending on the items to which it is applied.

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2.3 Emulation

2.3.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................. 2.3-2


2.3.2 Entering to Emulation Mode .................................................................................... 2.3-2
2.3.3 Description of the Emulation Substation ............................................................... 2.3-3
Chapter 2. Application Development

2.3.1 Introduction
The Emulation function is designed to allow users to perform any required offline operations.
Basically, the user can manage all the information received during communications and
generate new information that can be useful for communications, all offline.

The emulation mode should allow users to:

- Generate, copy, delete, print, etc. settings lists either received during communications
or which the user may wish to use in subsequent communications.
- Do the above by selecting a specific model and configuration.
- Generate or, in general, manage all types of configurations.
- Perform the full management of all types of records and oscillographs received during
communications.

Although the records are not dependent on the equipment model or configuration used to
retrieve them, this is not the case with the settings lists. Therefore, in order to work in emulation
mode, users must first select a specific model and, if they so wish, a specific configuration.

The way in which this works is that the user sets up a substation with a piece of equipment and,
as the case may be, a customized configuration.

2.3.2 Entering to Emulation Mode


The Emulate option is included at the bottom of
the IEDs submenu of the main screen. By
selecting this option, you enter a dialog that allows
you to select the model you are interested in
emulating from among the available models. This
is important when managing settings lists, but not
so important for records or configurations.

The Emulate dialog depicted at right


shows only one model. By pressing
you move it to the right side
(the direction is irrelevant), and it is
then ready to be used for emulation.

You can press button to make any


corrections.

It is worth mentioning that in order to


emulate with a given model, the
ZivercomPlus minimum version must
be less or equal to ZivercomPlus
version. Otherwise, the button
will be disabled. For many models
their ZivercomPlus minimum is
"any", highlighting in this case with * .
** , emulation being possible
regardless the Zivercomplus
version.

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If in the previous display one clicks on OK a second dialogue is entered which enables,
optionally, to select one of the configurations that are available by applying the criteria indicated
under chapter 2.2:

By pressing OK you enter emulation mode with the selected model and configuration. With
Cancel you select only the model (the model is necessary, while the configuration is optional).

In the event that access is made via Intelitool, ZivercomPlus this will not show the Emulation
display because emulation can only be carried out with the model for which it has been
accessed, and it will directly display Select configuration.

2.3.3 Description of the Emulation Substation


When entering from the
previous screen the
following screen is
displayed, where the
user has extended some
nodes, etc. after
entering.

Zivercomplus creates
a installation called
Emulation which
has a piece of IED with
the selected model in the
selected address. The
configuration name is
also shown.

The and symbols, instead of the regular and symbols, tell you that it is not a
installation with actual communications.

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Chapter 2. Application Development

The emulation installation is a normal installation for almost all intents and purposes, except for
- naturally - those functions relating to communications. It has an added record importing
function, which is disabled if the installations are online.

The differences between the Emulation installation and a normal (online) installation are listed
below:

- The Status and Action nodes do not exist.


- The Active Group is not highlighted in Settings.
- The request Send and Accept options are disabled in the Settings screen.
- option is available, which, in emulation mode, allows the user to copy New Value to
Actual Value be able to compare settings lists.
- In the different Records screens, in addition to exporting, you can Import the
different types of records.

Except in the case of oscillographs, the button has a slightly different meaning. As
mentioned in the previous chapter, the oscillograph descriptor lists are not saved in XML (or any
other) format; rather, oscillographs are individually saved in COMTRADE format.

When importing, by pressing , the


standard WINDOWS Open dialog
box is displayed to show a list of the
available files with the cfg extension.
You can select the different cfg files
one by one, and Zivercomplus
'rebuilds' the respective oscillograph
descriptors, with the C/S to S field,
since, naturally, the oscillographs are
saved in COMTRADE format.

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Chapter 3

Managing
Control
Configurations
Content

3.1 Introduction
3.2 Getting Started
3.3 File Menu
3.4 Input / Output Logic
3.5 Configuration-Associated Logic
3.6 Defining Resources
3.7 Communications
3.8 HMI
3.9 Graphical HMI
3.10 Profile Descriptions
3.11 Documentation
3.1 Introduction

3.1.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................. 3.1-2


3.1.2 Functions ................................................................................................................. 3.1-2
3.1.2.a Creating a Configuration ..................................................................................... 3.1-2
3.1.2.b Editing a Selected Configuration ........................................................................ 3.1-2
3.1.2.c Generating Files ................................................................................................. 3.1-3
3.1.2.d Controlling and Checking Configuration Data .................................................... 3.1-3
3.1.2.e Validating a Configuration................................................................................... 3.1-3
3.1.2.f Importing Data from Other Logic Configurations ................................................ 3.1-3
3.1.2.g Controlling and Managing Configurations .......................................................... 3.1-3
Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

3.1.1 Introduction
The ZIVerlog configuration module is designed to enhance the functionality of the equipment,
enabling the creation of new user logics, command items, configuration of equipment inputs,
outputs and LEDs, configuration of different communication protocols, etc.

This module lets the user design a configuration, and load and edit an existing configuration.

The ZIVerlog configuration module is installed together with Zivercomplus and is accessed
through it. The Zivercomplus program supplies all the necessary information (profile,
configuration, file to be generated, etc.) to ZIVerlog when it is called, and ZIVerlog in turn
provides Zivercomplus with the files that it should send to the equipment.

3.1.2 Functions
3.1.2.a Creating a Configuration
A completely new configuration can be created with the configuration module, either with new
user-created items or using existing items from other configurations. The parts that can make
up the configuration include:

- Configuration of input, output and LED logics (front) in traditional format.


- Configuration of any type of logic in the equipment: inputs, outputs and front (extension
of traditional logic), protection and control. The execution priorities of the different types
of logic in the equipment are:
o Inputs, protection and outputs: High priority.
o Control: Average priority.
o Front: Low priority.
- Definition of new resources for the equipment:
o Digital signals.
o Magnitudes.
o Settings.
o Constants.
o Command items.
- Configuration of different protocols used by the equipment for communications.
- Configuration of data to appear in the HMI.

3.1.2.b Editing a Selected Configuration


You can edit all the items that determine the design of a configuration, namely:

- Editing, adding or deleting logic elements.


- Editing the logic gates (also called opcodes) used in logics.
- Editing the gates' input and/or output signals.
- Alter the order in which logic elements are processed and the logic gates that comprise
the logics.
- Editing settings.
- Editing resources.
- Editing data from the different communications protocols.
- Editing the data that will appear in the HMI.

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3.1 Introduction

3.1.2.c Generating Files


The configurations module generates several files:

- A binary file with the configuration information so that the Zivercomplus program can
send it to the equipment. The file name is determined by the program.
- A configuration file (CFP extension) supplementing the profile data to be used by the
Zivercomplus program to communicate with a piece of equipment. This file is also
sent to the relay, so that when the Zivercomplus program communicates with the
equipment, the configuration loaded in the equipment can be retrieved.

3.1.2.d Controlling and Checking Configuration Data


The configuration module establishes control over the configuration data, so that the application
can check that all the data are correct according to the equipment's profile before sending the
configuration to the equipment.

3.1.2.e Validating a Configuration


All configurations are validated according to the equipment's current profile when loaded in the
ZIVerlog module.

3.1.2.f Importing Data from Other Logic Configurations


The ZIVerlog module makes it possible to import logics, parts of logics, resources, and
commands separately from other configurations.

3.1.2.g Controlling and Managing Configurations


For each configuration a checksum is created to enable its management and control.

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Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

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3.2 Getting Started

3.2.1 Loading and Validating the Profile ........................................................................... 3.2-2


3.2.2 Start Menu ............................................................................................................... 3.2-4
3.2.3 Operating Method (Mouse & Keyboard) .................................................................. 3.2-4
3.2.4 Information Displays ................................................................................................ 3.2-5
3.2.5 Using the Controls ................................................................................................... 3.2-5
3.2.6 Selecting Signals ..................................................................................................... 3.2-7
3.2.6.a Signal Selection Screen....................................................................................... 3.2-7
3.2.6.b Signal Types ........................................................................................................ 3.2-8
3.2.6.c Signal Restrictions ............................................................................................... 3.2-8
Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

3.2.1 Loading and Validating the Profile


The Zivercomplus program can pull up the ZIVerlog configuration module in edit or
validation mode. In both cases, the ZIVerlog module loads the profile as per the instructions
received. This profile determines multiple aspects of the ZIVerlog module, such as:

- The parts of the configuration that may be established. This involves disabling parts of
the menu.
- The logic types that may be configured.
- The valid opcodes.
- The equipment's digital signals that the user may use.
- The equipment's analog signals that the user may use.
- The number of digital signals the user may create.
- The number of analog signals the user may create.

This implies that a configuration may be valid for several different pieces of equipment, but if it
has been created with a profile, has been validated, and is correct, it may not be valid any
longer with another profile from another piece of equipment. The reason for this is that there are
signals that may not exist in the new profile, or certain opcodes or logic types are not allowed,
etc.

As a result, after loading the equipment profile, when a configuration is loaded, it is necessary to
recheck and control multiple configuration aspects before validating it for the profile. This can
involve editing the configuration.

The checks made are described below:

- Check of the Maximum Number of Digital Signals created by the user.


- Check of the Maximum Number of Analog Signals created by the user.
- Check for existence of Logic Types that are not valid for the current profile.
- Check for the use of Opcodes that are not valid for the current profile.
- Check for the existence or validity of all signals (digital and analog) used in the Logic.
- Check for the existence and validity of all signals used in the Command Items.
- Check for the existence of all Digital and Analog Signals used in the different protocol
sections (events, control changes, measurements, commands, counters, etc.).

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3.2 Getting Started

Incompatibilities may be found during loading. In such cases, the configuration module decides
to perform a series of actions. Possible incompatibilities, as well as the action to be performed
in each case by the ZIVerlog are described below:

- Signal does not exist or is not valid with the new profile (see section Signal
restrictions, for more information about non-valid signals). Different actions are
performed depending on what parts of the configuration are affected by this
incompatibility:
o Logic: The signal is deleted leaving the opcode incomplete (the opcode will
appear in red) and highlighting the error.
o Command item: The command item is deleted and the error is highlighted.
o Communications protocols: Any label associated with the signal in the different
protocol functions (e.g. events, measurements, meters, commands, etc.) is
deleted and the error is highlighted.
- Number of user-defined digital and analog signals above the permitted amount
with the new profile:
o Signals in excess of the maximum are deleted and the entire configuration is
checked. If one or more such signals is used in a section of the configuration,
the program will proceed as described in the previous point.
- Invalid logic type:
o The records for the invalid logic type are deleted and the error is highlighted.
- Invalid opcode:
o The error is highlighted.

After performing all the


checks, if configuration
corrections were
required, a screen similar
to the one at right is
displayed with the
corrected errors.

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Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

3.2.2 Start Menu


As mentioned earlier, the equipment profile defines what parts of the configuration can be
created and/or edited. This has a direct influence on the menu options the user will see in the
ZIVerlog configuration module.

Depending on the equipment profile, the following configuration sections may or may not be
displayed in the menu:

- Input, output and LED logic


- Logic
- Communications:
HMI
Protocols:
PROCOME
DNP3
MODBUS

The profile also defines which information for each protocol is user-viewable: events, control
changes commands, measurements, etc.

If a file with the CFP extension does not include a configuration or the configuration is not valid,
the module will start up with the entire menu disabled, except for the following options:

- File:
New Configuration.
Configuration Information.
Load Configuration.
Quit.
- Help:
About.

To access the rest of the menu, it will be necessary to start up a new configuration or load an
existing one.

3.2.3 Operating Method (Mouse & Keyboard)


The desired options can be selected in two different ways in all ZIVerlog configuration module
screens:

- Using the mouse. The option is selected by clicking on the desired highlighted frame.
- Using the keyboard. To select an option from the menu bar, press and release the
ALT key. This will access the menu, highlighting the first available option. Then press
the key matching the underscored letter in the desired option.

The user can browse the various screens without using the mouse by pressing the Tab key to
scroll from field to field. The keyboard equivalent of a mouse click on a button would be to scroll
through the options using the Tab key until the button is highlighted, and then pressing the
Return key.

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3.2 Getting Started

3.2.4 Information Displays


The user can be informed or consulted about actions that can or should be performed
throughout the entire module. Different types of screens are displayed to the user in such
instances:

- Information: no error has occurred, but


the user is informed about running a
specific action. This is identified by the
letter i.

- Warning: these screens are usually


displayed when an invalid action has been
performed. This is identified by an
exclamation point (!).

- Query: this type of screen allows the user


to choose whether or not to perform an
action. This is identified by a question
mark (?).

3.2.5 Using the Controls


There are controls that are common to many module screens. Their operation is explained
below:

- Accept and Cancel buttons. In almost all


screens, these two buttons offer the user a
choice between exiting while saving data
(Accept button) or without saving data
(Cancel button). If the user clicks on
Cancel after having edited data on the
screen, a new screen is displayed asking
the user whether to save the data (see
screen at right).

In screens that are opened using controls from other screens, the Accept button does
not imply that the information is being saved; it simply means that the entered data are
available for use in the source screen. The changes can only be saved from the main
screen.

It's important to point out that data saved in a screen are saved temporarily. They will
not be saved permanently until the user selects the Save Full Configuration option.

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Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

- Navigation buttons. These buttons shown


at right let you navigate through the items
being configured in each screen according
to their established order.

You can use them to go to the first item, previous item, next item and last item. The
button bar can be found in screens that do not offer a list of configured items, such as
records, opcodes, settings, etc.

- Sort button.
This button can
be located
alongside the
navigation
buttons or as a
standalone
button. Clicking
on this button
displays a screen
(shown at right)
allowing the
following items to
be sorted in
order:
-
o All the items to be sorted are displayed in the window to the left of the screen.
o The items are displayed in the new order established by the user in the list
included in the right window. To sort the items, press the Resort button.

- New Button. This button lets you add a new item to the screen being configured.

- Delete button. This button lets you delete the selected screen item.

- Right button in lists. In screens consisting of two pages, a Detail and a List page,
where it is possible to add new signals to the list, by pressing the right button a pop-up
menu is displayed for adding and deleting signals. When the object you wish to add as
a new item is a signal, the signal selection screen is usually displayed (see Signal
Selection Screen). In certain screens, this menu can include more options.

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3.2 Getting Started

3.2.6 Selecting Signals


In most screens you are required to select existing signals, which are either defined in the
profile or created by the user.

To facilitate the selection


of signals, two lists are
usually displayed as
shown in the screen
below.

The first drop-down list indicates the Signal Type. The signals are classified into different
groups for digital and for analog signals.

The Available Signals list depends on the signal type selected from the previous drop-down
list. There may not be an available signal in a specific group; in this case, the drop-down list of
available signals will be empty.

3.2.6.a Signal Selection Screen


The controls mentioned
above can be displayed
directly in any module
screen, but in many
cases they are displayed
in specific signal
selection screens, as
shown below:

The OK button lets you assign the selected signal or edit an existing signal, depending on the
needs of the control from which the call was made.

The Cancel button has no impact on the control used to call it.

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Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

3.2.6.b Signal Types


The digital signal groups are as follows:

- User Configuration Signal.


- Hardware Digital Input.
- Hardware Digital Output.
- Hardware LED.
- Button.
- Pickup Protection Output.
- Trip Protection Output.
- Generic Protection Input.
- Logic Input to Protection.
- Command Order.
- Module Enable Control.
- Others.
- Signal to 1.
- Signal to 0.

The signals specified in the profile are assigned to any of these groups, except "User
Configuration Signal". This group is reserved for digital signals created by the user (see Digital
Signals).

The analog signal groups are as follows:

- Static Magnitudes.
- User Magnitudes.

The first group is for analog signals specified in the profile, and the second group is for digital
signals created by the user (see Digital Signals).

3.2.6.c Signal Restrictions


When the user wishes to select a signal, only the signals of the selected type that can be used
for the required function are displayed.

If a signal is being selected to assign a value to it, or if a value can be assigned to it, then
signals with a default assigned value are not displayed in the drop-down list of available signals.

The signals with assigned values are:

- All signals defined in the profile as having an assigned value.


- All signals to which a value is assigned by the logic (they have been used as an opcode
output).
- All signals used to define a command's actions.
- All communication-labeled signals whose value can be set from another piece of
equipment (usually a Central Unit).

Command actions are a special case, since although a signal that can be considered to have an
assigned value cannot be selected, signals used in other command actions can still be
assigned.

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3.3 File Menu

3.3.1 New Configuration ................................................................................................... 3.3-2


3.3.2 Configuration Information ........................................................................................ 3.3-2
3.3.3 Load Configuration................................................................................................... 3.3-2
3.3.4 Save Configuration .................................................................................................. 3.3-3
3.3.5 Compile Configuration ............................................................................................. 3.3-3
3.3.6 Quit .......................................................................................................................... 3.3-3
Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

3.3.1 New Configuration


The first option in the File menu is the New Configuration option. If changes to the
configuration have been made, you will be prompted to save the changes before creating a new
configuration. A default configuration is then created.

3.3.2 Configuration Information


This option displays a
screen that provides the
user with information
about the current
configuration of the
ZIVerlog module.

- Configuration ID: this value cannot be edited. It is determined by the first 20 characters
of the configuration file name.
- Description of the configuration: text to be entered by the user.
- Configuration version: version number to be entered by the user.
- Checksum: checksum generated while compiling the configuration.

3.3.3 Load Configuration


This menu option displays a dialog
that allows you to search for the
configuration to be loaded.
Configurations have a CFP extension,
and by default the dialog opens the
Configurations directory, which
directly depends on the directory
where the application was installed.

If the module had a previously-loaded


configuration and changes to the
configuration have been made, you
will be prompted to save the changes
before the above screen is displayed.

When a configuration is loaded, it is validated by the module as indicated in Loading and


Validating the Profile.

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3.3 File Menu

3.3.4 Save Configuration


By clicking on the Save
Configuration option, a dialog is
displayed letting you establish the
name and location where you wish to
save the configuration.

When a configuration is saved, a file


with an cfp extension is created with
the configuration information,
including the checksum.

3.3.5 Compile Configuration


This menu option creates the binary file Zivercomplus will send to the equipment for
configuration.

The checksum is calculated for each compilation, but it is only saved when the configuration is
saved. This checksum gives the user the option of controlling existing configurations and of
improving the management of them.

Compiling a configuration controls


possible errors that may have
occurred due to the deletion of
signals, incomplete imports, excess
configured signals, etc.

If compiling errors exist, a screen


similar to the one shown below is
displayed with information about each
of the errors found.

Double-clicking each individual error


takes the user to the screen where
the error was found, making it easier
to correct.

3.3.6 Quit
This menu option closes the ZIVerlog configuration module and returns to Zivercomplus. If a
change in the current configuration has occurred, the module prompts the user to save the
changes.

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3.4 Input / Output Logic

3.4.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................. 3.4-2


3.4.2 Input Logic ............................................................................................................... 3.4-2
3.4.3 Output Logic............................................................................................................. 3.4-4
3.4.4 LEDs Logic............................................................................................................... 3.4-5
Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

3.4.1 Introduction
This menu option provides access to screens for configuring the logic of Digital Inputs, Digital
Outputs and LEDs (if the equipment profile enables each of these options).

These screens provide a more immediate way of configuring these logics than the way
described in section Configuration-Associated Logic. A specific logic is added for each of the
inputs, outputs, or LEDs, so that the user has only to indicate the signals to be used and very
little more.

When the configuration is compiled, the logic of these screens will be added to those configured
in the Logic screen, depending on the type of logic (though they are not displayed in this
screen).

3.4.2 Input Logic


This screen adds the logic
configuration for Digital Inputs.

Each of the digital inputs can be


connected to up to 8 logic signals.
Internally the "MULTIPLE CABLE"
opcode is used for each input (for
more information about opcodes, see
section Definition of Opcodes).

The controls shown on this screen are


as follows:

- Digital Inputs: this drop-down list shows all the digital inputs appearing in the
equipment profile.
- Denied: this checkbox lets you deny the value of the digital input and assign it to the
appropriate logic signal.

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3.4 Input / Output Logic

- Signal: clicking on each of the edit boxes displays the signal selection screen:
Signal Types: this drop-down
list shows all the types of
signals allowed for this type of
logic. For more information
about signal types, see
section Signal Types.
Available Signals: this drop-
down list shows all the
selected types of signals
available for connection according to the existing configuration. For more information
about selecting signals, see section Signal Restrictions.
Not Used: this checkbox indicates that the signal in the edit box on which you have
clicked will be deleted from the input logic screen.

- Import: This button lets you


import an input logic from
another configuration. The
configured input logic is
deleted and replaced by the
imported configuration. The
following screen is shown to
allow the user to select the
configuration for importing:

Once the import is completed, a message


is displayed indicating whether the
configuration to be imported has input logic
configured (first screen) (in this case, the
configured logic is not deleted) or whether
the import was completed correctly
(second screen).

- Delete: this button lets you delete all signals (and their respective denial boxes) for the
digital input selected in the drop-down list.

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3.4.3 Output Logic


This screen adds the logic configuration for Digital Outputs.

Following the diagram,


two blocks of eight logic
signals are available.
One of the blocks
performs an OR
operation with the
selected signals (any
signal activates the
output). The other block
performs an AND
operation with the
selected signals (all
signals need to be active
to activate the output).
An AND or an OR
operation can also be
performed between
these two blocks. The
pulse option can also be
added to the result of this
operation.

The basic operation of the two options, with or without pulses, is as follows:

Without pulses: By setting the pulse timer to 0, the hardware output remains active for
as long as the signal that activated it.
With pulses: Once the hardware output is activated, it stays activated during the fixed
time whether or not the signal that generated it is deactivated before it or remains active
for longer.

The following illustration shows the logic generated for each digital output.

For more information about opcodes, see section Definition of Opcodes.

The controls shown in this screen are similar to those displayed in the digital inputs
configuration screen, as is their operation (see section Input Logic).

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3.4 Input / Output Logic

3.4.4 LEDs Logic


This screen adds the logic configuration for LEDs (indicators on the equipment's front panel).

The way the application


functions when assigning
signals is the same as for
outputs, with the
peculiarity that in this
case, one of the two
blocks has eight signals
that perform an OR
operation (any signal
activates the output),
while the other block has
one signal. The two
blocks together can
perform an OR or an
AND operation without
the subsequent
possibility of using
pulses.

Each LED can be defined as latched or unlatched by activating the Latched checkbox. By
activating the checkbox you can make the LED remain active regardless of whether or not the
combination of signals that activated it disappears.

For the Latched option to be enabled in this screen, the equipment profile must have an "LED
Reset Input" signal; otherwise the option remains disabled.

The following illustration shows the logic generated for each LED.

For more information about opcodes, see section Definition of Opcodes.

The other controls shown in this screen are similar to those displayed in the digital inputs
configuration screen, as is their operation (for more information, see section Input Logic).

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3.5 Configuration-
Associated Logic

3.5.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................. 3.5-2


3.5.2 Definition of Opcodes............................................................................................... 3.5-2
3.5.3 Records Associated with Logic .............................................................................. 3.5-10
3.5.4 Managing Records ................................................................................................. 3.5-10
3.5.4.a Opcodes............................................................................................................ 3.5-14
Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

3.5.1 Introduction
Logic is the set of functions that a piece of equipment should be able to perform. These
functions work with a number of resources: digital signals, analog signals, settings and
constants. To better understand, structure, and assure maintenance of the logic, it is divided
into records.

These records consist of various Opcodes or Logic gates that are interconnected by means of
the aforementioned resources or by internal records. The signals that can be used are defined
by the Equipment Profile, in addition to those that can be configured by the user in the module
(see section Defining Resources).

The allowed opcodes are also defined by the equipment profile, although the total opcodes are
detailed in the next section.

3.5.2 Definition of Opcodes


The opcodes that can be used in the logic are detailed below.

AND Adder
OR Subtractor
XOR Multiplier
NOT Divisor
Cable Comparator
Multiple Cable Digital to Analog
Multiplexor Analog Selector
Pulse Pulse Train
Timer A Rising Edge
Timer B Binary to Analog
FFD BCD to Analog
FRS Analog to Binary
Counter Analog to BCD
Analog Cable Finite Value
Level Comparator

The assigning of digital signals, analog signals, settings or constants depends on the selected
opcode.

The type of signal that can be connected for each input or output type is detailed below:

Digital Input:
Digital Signals
Digital Settings
Analog Input:
Analog Signals or Magnitudes
Analog Settings
Constants
Digital Output:
Digital Signals
Analog Output:
Analog Signals or Magnitudes

Some of the opcodes listed above can be memorized so that it is possible to maintain the
opcode value, or status, in case the logic is reset; thus avoiding resetting to a null value. The
following sections indicate which opcodes have this feature.

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3.5 Configuration-Associated Logic

AND
Function: Performs an AND operation between the digital inputs.
Operands: From 2 and up to a maximum of 16 digital inputs.
Results: One digital output.
Truth table for two inputs:

IN1 IN2 OUT


0 0 0
0 1 0
1 0 0
1 1 1

Memorized: No.

OR
Function: Performs an OR operation between the digital inputs.
Operands: From 2 and up to a maximum of 16 digital inputs.
Results: One digital output.
Truth table for two inputs:

IN1 IN2 OUT


0 0 0
0 1 1
1 0 1
1 1 1

Memorized: No.

XOR
Function: Performs an exclusive OR operation between two digital inputs.
Operands: Two digital inputs.
Results: One digital output.
Truth table for two inputs:

IN1 IN2 OUT


0 0 0
0 1 1
1 0 1
1 1 0

Memorized: No.

NOT
Function: Moves the result of the digital input denial to the digital output.
Operands: One digital input.
Results: One digital output.
Truth table:

IN OUT
0 1
1 0

Memorized: No.

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Cable
Function: Moves the value of the digital input to the digital output.
Operands: One digital input.
Results: One digital output.
Truth table:

IN OUT
0 0
1 1

Memorized: No.

Multiple Cable
Function: Moves the value of the digital input to several digital outputs.
Operands: One digital input.
Results: From 1 and up to a maximum of 16 digital outputs.
Truth table:

IN OUT1 OUTN
0 0 0
1 1 1

Memorized: No.

Multiplexor
Function: This selector-based opcode sets the value of a digital output to the
value of one of the digital inputs.
Operands:
One digital input as input selector: SEL
Two digital inputs: E0, E1.
Results: One digital output
Truth table:

SEL OUT
0 E0
1 E1

Memorized: No.

Pulse
Function: In this opcode, the output is activated for the time specified as a
parameter when the digital input goes from 0 to 1.
Operands:
One digital input.
An analog setting or a pulse time constant setting in seconds.
Results: One digital output.
Memorized: Yes.
Limits: The maximum time must be set between 0.0 and 2147483.648 seconds
(24 days).

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3.5 Configuration-Associated Logic

Timer A
Function: After the set time from the moment the digital input went from 0 to 1
elapses, it sets the output to 1 until the input resets.
Operands:
One digital input.
A setting or a delay time constant setting in seconds.
Results: One digital output.
Operating diagram:

Memorized: Yes.
Limits: The maximum time must be set between 0.0 and 2147483.648 seconds
(24 days).

Timer B
Function: Activates the output while the input is active or has deactivated after a
time no longer than the set time elapses.
Operands:
One digital input.
An adjustable or fixed length of time measured in seconds
Results: One digital output.
Operating diagram:

Memorized: Yes.
Limits: The maximum time must be set between 0.0 and 2147483.648 seconds
(24 days).

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Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

FFD
Function: This opcode is a type D flip-flop. The flip-flop takes the input value each
time a rising edge in the digital input marked as clock occurs.
Operands:
One digital clock input (CLK).
One digital input (I).
Results: One digital output.
Truth table:

I CLK Q
0 1 0
1 1 1

Memorized: Yes.

FFRS
Function: This opcode is a type RS flip-flop. The flip-flop takes the input value
while the S digital input is active. The flip-flop takes the value 0 when the R input is
activated.
Operands:
One digital input (R)
One digital input (S)
Results: One digital output.
Truth table:

R S Qt+t
0 0 Qt
0 1 1
1 0 0
1 1 X

Memorized: Yes.

Analog Cable
Function: This opcode moves the value from one analog magnitude to another.
Operands: One analog input.
Results: One analog output.
Memorized: No.

Counter
Function: Manages a counter that increases with each rising edge of the digital
input marked as clock. The counter resets to 0 when the reset input is activated.
Operands:
One digital reset input (Res).
One digital clock input (CLK).
Results: One analog output.
Memorized: No.
Limits: The counter has a saturation value of 65535. Subsequent increases do not
change the counter's output value.

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3.5 Configuration-Associated Logic

Adder
Function: Sets the value of the analog output to the result of the sum of analog
inputs.
Operands: Two analog inputs.
Results: One analog output.
Memorized: No.

Subtractor
Function: Sets the value of the analog output to the result of the subtraction of
analog inputs.
Operands:
One analog input acting as a minuend
One analog input acting as a subtrahend (-)
Results: One analog output.
Memorized: No.

Multiplier
Function: Sets the value of the analog output to the result of the product of analog
inputs.
Operands: Two analog inputs.
Results: One analog output.
Memorized: No.

Divisor
Function: Sets the value of the analog output to the result of the division of analog
inputs.
Operands:
One analog input acting as a dividend
One analog input acting as a divisor (/)
Results: One analog output.
Memorized: No.

Comparator
Function: Compares two analog inputs, setting the value of the digital output
based on the result of the comparison. If the comparison type is met between the
first input and the second input, the output is activated.
Operands:
Two analog inputs (INP 0, INP 1).
Comparison type as a constant value inserted in the opcode:
greater than not equal to
less than greater than or equal to
equal to less than or equal to
Results: Digital output signal.
Memorized: No.

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Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

Level Comparator
Function: Compares the analog input to a minimum and maximum benchmark
value, setting the digital output based on the comparison:
The output is set to 1 if the input is higher than the maximum benchmark value.
The output is set to 0 if the input is lower than the maximum benchmark value.
Otherwise, the output value remains the same.
Operands:
One analog input (I)
One analog input as a minimum benchmark value (R L)
One analog input as a maximum benchmark value (R H)
Results: One digital output
Memorized: Yes

Digital to Analog
Function: Converts an analog output with a value of 0 or 1 to a digital input.
Operands: One digital input.
Results: One analog output.
Memorized: No.

Pulse Train
Function: This opcode is a logical block that generates a pulse train while the
digital input remains active.
Operands:
One pulse-train activating digital input (ACT).
One analog input indicating the active pulse time in seconds (H).
One analog input indicating the inactive pulse time in seconds (L).
Results: One digital output.
Memorized: Yes.

Rising Edge
Function: Activates the digital output when a change from 0 to 1 is detected in the
digital input.
Operands: One digital output.
Results: One digital output.
Memorized: No.

Analog Multiplexor
Function: This selector-based opcode sets the value of an analog output with the
value of one of the two analog inputs.
Operands:
One digital input acting as an input selector (SEL).
Two analog inputs (In 0, In 1).
Results: One analog output.
Truth table:

SEL OUT
0 IN0
1 IN1

Memorized: No.

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3.5 Configuration-Associated Logic

Binary to Analog
Function: This opcode sets the value of an analog output based on a number of
digital inputs.
Operands: From 1 up to 16 digital inputs (DI1, DI2,..., DI16).
Results:
One analog output resulting from the following operation:
OUTPUT=DI1+(DI2<<1)+(DI3<<2)+...(DIN<<N)
Memorized: No.

BCD to Analog
Function: Sets the value of an analog output based on a number of digital inputs.
Operands: From 1 up to 16 digital inputs (DI1, DI2,...,DI16).
Results:
One analog output resulting from the following operation:
OUTPUT = (DI1+(DI2<<1) + (DI3<<2) + (DI3<<3))(DI4+(DI5<<1) + (DI6<<2) +
(DI7<<3))*10+...
Memorized: No.

Analog to Binary
Function: This opcode sets the value of a number of digital outputs that represent
the whole value of the input based on an analog input.
Operands: One analog input.
Results: From 1 up to 16 digital outputs (DO1, DO2,...,DO16).
Memorized: No.

Analog to BCD
Function: This opcode sets the value of a number of digital outputs that represent
the whole value of the BCD format magnitude based on an analog input.
Operands: One analog input.
Results: From 1 up to 16 digital outputs (DO1, DO2,...,DO16).
Memorized: No.

Finite Value
Function: The opcode digital output is set to 1 when the analog input has a finite
value; otherwise, the opcode digital output is set to 0.
Operands: Magnitude, analog setting or input constant.
Results: Output digital signal.
Memorized: No.

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Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

3.5.3 Records Associated with Logic


The equipment logic consists of a series of logic gates or opcodes that are linked together by
means of different resources (signals, magnitudes, settings, etc.). Each logic can in turn be
divided into Records. A record is a group of opcodes that is given some form of identification.
The records generally represent a specific logic function or feature.

There are five types of logics:

Digital Inputs.
Protection.
Digital Outputs.
Control.
Front.

Some of these logic types may not appear, depending on the existing profile. To access and
configure the logic, click on the Logic menu:

3.5.4 Managing
Records
All existing records
according to the logic
type, as well as the
opcodes they contain,
are controlled using the
following screen, Logic
Cards:

This screen displays the


opcodes depending on
the logic type and record
the user has selected.

The controls shown on


this screen are as
follows:

- Logic Type: this drop-down list lets you select the logic type you wish to configure. In
each case only the records belonging to the selected logic type are displayed.
- Card Description: a text box for informational purposes only; cannot be edited or
added to. Shows the description the user entered when creating or renaming the
record.
- Order: a text box for informational purposes only; indicates the order of the record
within the selected logic type.
- Sort, Go to First Record, Previous Record, Next Record, Go to Last Record: these
buttons let you sort and scroll through the records for the selected logic type by their
order number (see section Using the Controls).
- Record: this drop-down list lets you select each of the records of the selected logic type
by name.

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3.5 Configuration-Associated Logic

- Opcodes: This list displays the opcodes belonging to the selected record. 5 columns
are displayed:

1st column: This column displays the opcode input descriptions, if any.
2nd column (Inputs): This column displays the descriptions of resources
connected to the input. If the resource is a denied signal, the description of the
connected signal is preceded by "NOT-".
3rd column (Function): This column displays the opcode; if it is memorized, it is
displayed under the name. This column also displays the selected opcode setting
(for those that need them) under the opcode name.
4th column (Outputs): This column displays the descriptions of resources
connected to the output. If the resource is a denied signal, the description of the
connected signal is preceded by "NOT-".
5th column: This column displays the opcode output descriptions, if any.

- New card: This button lets you access the Add record screen, depicted below.

This screen displays two text


boxes: The name of the new
record is entered in the
Identifier field (required).
Once accepted, the value is
checked to make sure it is
unique and the description of
the new record is entered in
the Description field
(optional).

- Import: this button lets you


import different records from
another configuration. The
user is first asked to select
the configuration from which
the records are to be imported
through the following dialog.

The following screen


containing the records of the
desired configuration is
shown once the configuration
is selected.

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Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

This screen shows all the


records existing in the
configuration from which the
records are to be imported.
The Identifier or ID are
indicated, along with the
Description and the Logic
Type to which the record
belongs. More than one
record can be selected at the
same time by pressing Ctrl
and keeping it pressed as you
click on the records with the
mouse.

If you select Import to Actual Logic Type, all the records will be imported to the logic
type selected in the logic records screen, regardless of the type of logic they belong to
in the original configuration.

If the name of an imported record matches an existing record name, the imported
record is added by including a hash mark (#) followed by a number in its name, thus
avoiding duplicate record IDs.

The configuration resources used in the records, and that do not exist in the current
configuration, are imported at the same time as the record opcodes. However, the
resources from the profile cannot be imported.

If any incompatibility exists between imported and existing records, existing records are
given priority. In this way, records with incomplete opcodes or opcodes where inputs or
outputs have been deleted because they were not valid signals for the current
configuration and/or profile can be imported.

Upon completing the


importation, if an error has
occurred or incomplete
records have been imported,
the following error screen is
displayed:

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3.5 Configuration-Associated Logic

Opcodes not
valid for the
current
configuration, as
well as
improperly
connected or
incomplete
opcodes, are
displayed in red
as shown in the
following screen:

- Delete card: This button lets you delete the


current record. The user is first asked to confirm:

- Rename: This button lets you


change the current record's
name and/or description.

- Consumption: This button


offers to the user information
approximated on the
consumption of the logic that
has the equipment, in time
and memory. The different
types from logics are grouped
as a matter of priority of
execution according to the
information of the profile, and
for each grouping the
consumption of time in
percentage is offered. The
memory consumption
visualizes in as much by one
hundred for all the set of the
logic.

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Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

- Edit: this button


provides access
to screens where
the user can
enter and
connect
opcodes. If there
are no opcodes
in the record, the
opcode fields are
disabled.

3.5.4.a Opcodes
Opcodes can be added, connected, deleted and edited using the above screen.

The screen provides the following controls:

- Drop-down list in the center of the screen for selecting the opcode.
- Block of 16 controls for selecting opcode inputs.
- Control for selecting opcode output.
- Control for selecting opcode setting.
- Text box showing the order of the opcode within the record.
- Buttons for selecting opcodes according to the order (see section Using controls).
- Button for sorting opcodes (see section Using controls).
- Button for adding a new opcode.
- Button for deleting an opcode.

Depending on whether or not the opcode allows it, fields will be enabled and disabled so that
the inputs and outputs can be referenced from the various controls according to the opcode.

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3.5 Configuration-Associated Logic

Adding Opcodes
The opcode controls are activated after pressing the new button on the Edit opcodes screen.

The opcode controls are activated after pressing the new button on the Edit opcodes screen.

For each opcode the


fields it might need, as
well as indications for
each input or output, are
activated. If a connected
opcode is replaced by
another opcode, the
connections will be
maintained if possible.
Connections that are not
valid, either because the
resource type is different
or it doesn't have the
same number of inputs
and outputs, are deleted.

When selecting the opcode, the user is shown only those fields available in the equipment
profile. It is possible to load a configuration created with a profile that allows for more opcodes
than the current one. In this case the opcodes that are not permitted can be seen, but they can
only be deleted, not edited.

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Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

Connecting and/or Editing Opcodes


To set the opcode's inputs and
outputs, simply enter the signal or
resource to be connected in the
relevant text box. To disconnect,
simply delete the existing signal.

You can also click on the arrow to the


right of the field to display a drop-down screen with the existing resources that can be
connected to the selected opcode.

This screen includes the following opcodes:

- Resource Types: the group of options located on the upper left-hand corner of the
screen lets the user select the type of resource to be connected to the opcode. Only
those resources that are allowed for the selected opcode input or output are displayed
as enabled.

- Signal Types:
this drop-down
list lets you
select the signal
type. For more
information about
signal types, see
section Signal
Types.

- Available
Signals: After selecting the signal type, this drop-down list shows all the selected types
of signals available for the opcode input or output. For more information about selecting
signals, see section Signal Restrictions.

- Not Used: This checkbox lets you disconnect the resource connected to the opcode.

- Create New Resource: This button lets you access screens for creating new
resources. These screens can also be accessed from the main menu. You will access
one screen or another depending on the option you select in the resource types screen.
The recently created resources are available once you return to this screen.

Internal Records, both digital and analog, are a special case when it comes to resources.
Internal records are identifiers that let you connect inputs and/or outputs between opcodes
without assigning the value to a specific signal.

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3.5 Configuration-Associated Logic

The records are identified by the first three characters:

Digital Records: These should start by the following characters: RD_


Analog Records: These should start by the following characters: RA_ or RE_,
depending on the magnitude type (floating comma or integer, respectively).

To connect an opcode's output to another opcode's input using an internal record, for instance
an OR gate output with an AND gate input, simply enter the internal record (RD_text_record) for
the OR gate output and the AND gate input.

In the Available signals screen you can select records that were already defined in the current
logic type. However, a new record can only be created using the edit field.

A specific internal record can only be used within the logic type for which it was defined. It
cannot be accessed from different logic types due to their differing execution priorities.
Delete Opcodes
The Delete button lets you delete the opcode you are editing. The order of the remaining
opcodes will be adjusted accordingly.

After deleting an opcode, all the output signals can be reused (see section Signal Restrictions,
for more information).

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Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

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3.6 Defining Resources

3.6.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................. 3.6-2


3.6.1.a Digital Signals ..................................................................................................... 3.6-2
3.6.2 Parameters .............................................................................................................. 3.6-3
3.6.3 Settings .................................................................................................................... 3.6-4
3.6.3.a Settings Group .................................................................................................... 3.6-4
3.6.3.b Defining Settings................................................................................................. 3.6-5
3.6.4 Constants ................................................................................................................. 3.6-6
3.6.5 Commands............................................................................................................... 3.6-7
3.6.5.a Command Element Description .......................................................................... 3.6-7
3.6.5.b Configuring the Command .................................................................................. 3.6-8
3.6.6 Analog Commands ................................................................................................ 3.6-15
3.6.6.a Analog Command Actions ................................................................................ 3.6-15
3.6.6.b Command Blocks.............................................................................................. 3.6-16
Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

3.6.1 Introduction
This section defines the configuration resources, that is, the set of digital signals, magnitudes,
constants, settings and commands to be added to the equipment's resources in order to be
used in logic or communications. These resources can be referenced from Zivercomplus.

Users can access the configuration of the various resources through the Defining Resources
option in the main menu, as shown in the screen below. The resources that can be configured
are: Digital Signals, Parameters, Settings, Constants, and Commands. These resources are
added to those available from the equipment and can be referenced both from the logic and
from Zivercomplus.

3.6.1.a Digital Signals


Clicking on the Digital
Signals menu option
displays the screen for
configuring user-defined
digital signals.

To define a new signal,


simply press the New
button. By default, a new
digital signal will be
created with the Control
Signal description
followed by a correlative
number. The user can
position the cursor on the
list and edit the
description of any signal
and its short text.

These signals are added to the equipment's set of signals (defined in the profile) for use in logic,
communications, etc. They can also be referenced from Zivercomplus.

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3.6 Defining Resources

3.6.2 Parameters
The Parameters option
lets you configure user-
defined analog signals.

This screen is divided


into two distinct sections,
one providing details and
the other a list. Both
contain the same
information, and the
values edited in one
section are also reflected
in the other.

For each user-defined


analog signal or
parameter it is possible
to configure certain
features:

- Message: short text used to identify the signal in the HMI.


- Description: description of the analog signal.
- Units: the units that can be selected will be read from the profile of the working
equipment.
- Factor: multiplication factor for defining parameters in non-standardized units. For
instance, if you wish to use a parameter in hundredths of watts, the units parameter
would select the unit and use 0.01 as a factor.
- Type: indicates the parameter precision type (integer or floating comma).
- Rated Value.
- Maximum Value: This value is for informational purposes only.
- Minimum Value: Minimum value allowed for the parameter. For information only.
- Step: Magnitude increment value. For information only.

Some of the described data may or may not appear in the window depending on the data read
in the working profile.

These parameters are added to the equipment's set of signals (defined in the profile) for use in
logic, communications, etc. They can also be referenced from Zivercomplus.

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Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

3.6.3 Settings
This section explains how to configure user settings with the ZIverlog configuration module.
Users can access the Settings Group screen by pressing on the Settings sub-option in the
main menu's Define Resources option.

All settings must belong to a group. The groups and settings defined in this section will be
complementary to the equipment's own settings, and like these, they can be referenced from
Zivercomplus. Groups entered in the configuration will have a unique entry in the tree, from
the settings node of Zivercomplus, under the name User Settings. The different configured
groups will belong to this node, and the settings belonging to a specific group will be displayed
under that group.

A maximum of 16 groups and 256 settings can be configured.

3.6.3.a Settings Group


As described above, the following screen can be accessed from the main menu. This screen
includes the following controls:

- Group: drop-
down list with the
Settings Groups
included in the
configuration.
The group
selected here
conditions the
values shown in
the rest of the
screen. The
name appearing
here is the same
as the name that
will be shown in
the HMI and
Zivercomplus
to identify the
Settings Group.
- Description: description of the settings group.
- Group Settings: a sorted list of the settings belonging to the selected group in the drop-
down list labeled Group. The description given here of the setting comprises a starting
number that indicates the order of the setting inside the group, an ID that gives an idea
of the setting type (AA = Analog, AB = Boolean), and finally the message or text
representing the setting in Zivercomplus and in the HMI.
- Edit Settings: button providing access to the screen where the selected setting can be
configured. This screen is described in section Settings. It can also be accessed by
double-clicking on the setting you wish to edit in the Group Settings list.

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3.6 Defining Resources

- Add Group: button providing


access to the screen where a
new group can be entered.
The screen appearing on the
right, which is the same
screen used to rename
groups, is displayed. This
screen registers the group ID
and description. The ID is
required while the description is optional. By pressing the Accept button on this screen,
the ID value is checked to be valid, i.e. whether it is null and unique in the configuration.
If it is valid, then the new group is registered; otherwise, an error message is displayed.
- Delete Group: deletes the selected group together with its settings. If any one of the
group settings is being used in a logic, then the connection is deleted; this means that
some logic gates or opcodes can be incomplete.
- Sort Groups: button providing access to the screen where the groups are sorted. The
generic sorting screen explained in section Using controls, is displayed. The order given
to each of the groups is the order in which the data will be shown in the HMI and in
Zivercomplus.
- Rename Group: button providing access to the screen where group data can be
changed. The same screen that is used to add groups is displayed; this is the same
screen used for registering a new group. This screen shows the group ID and
description which can be edited by the user. When you press Accept, the new ID is
checked for validity (it exists and is unique in the configuration). If it is, then the group
information is changed without varying the data of the settings that comprise it or its
order.

3.6.3.b Defining Settings


This screen can be accessed by pressing the Edit Settings button in the Settings Group
screen, or by double-clicking on the setting you wish to edit in the same screen.

This screen includes the following


controls:

- Group: ID of the settings


group to which the settings
belong. This value is for
informational purposes; that
is, it cannot be edited from
this screen.
- Message: ID of the setting in
the HMI and in
Zivercomplus. Allows up to
16 characters.
- Description: Setting
description. This value is not
required.

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- Setting Type: drop-down list including valid setting types. The valid types of settings
are:
o Analog: Numeric with 3 decimals.
o Boolean: Digital value, only allows 0 or 1 values.
- Units: the valid units list will differ according to the selected setting type. The maximum,
minimum and step values allowed can also vary depending on the selected unit.
- Maximum: maximum value allowed for the setting (*).
- Minimum: minimum value allowed for the setting (*).
- Default Value: default value of the setting (*).
- Step: setting step value.
- Tool Bar: bar for moving and sorting settings (see section Using Controls). All the
settings belonging to the selected group can be scrolled through using this bar.
- New: registers a new setting for the selected group. By default, the following values are
registered:
o Message: 'Setting' followed by the group number (group order) and setting number
(setting order)
o Setting type: boolean
o Units: NULL (no units)
o Maximum: 1 (being boolean, it is a fixed, not configurable value)
o Minimum: 0 (being boolean, it is a fixed, not configurable value)
o Default value: 0
o Step: 1 (being boolean, it is a fixed, not configurable value)
- Delete: Deletes the selected setting from the group. If it is being used in the logic, it will
be deleted.

(*) The configuration module will perform all checks for data consistency, that is, it will check to make
sure the minimum value does not exceed the maximum value, that the default value is within the
minimum and maximum values, etc.

3.6.4 Constants
The Constants menu
option lets you configure
user-defined constants.

This screen, like the


Parameters screen, is
divided into a Detail and
a List section. The
controls appear in both
sections, and all can be
edited:

- Description:
description of the
constant.
- Value: value of
the constant.

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3.6 Defining Resources

3.6.5 Commands
3.6.5.a Command Element Description
Some IEDs like #IRV, #ZLV and others do not have commands or controls by which they
operate, that is, they cannot be directly operated by means of breakers, reclosers, disconnect
switches, or any other elements. Such elements must be defined in the configuration, and this is
why they are always referred to in the application as Command Elements. The IED units do
have unconnected inputs that can be fed by means of commands.

A Command Element is defined by the following information:

- Command Element Name.


- List of digital signals that condition the element's status.
- Element status list: For each status the following have to be defined:
o Text identifying the status.
o Group of signals and their values to be examined in order to determine the
element's status.
- List of actions associated with the element: For each action the following have to be
defined:
o Text identifying the action.
o Signal associated with the action. When a command is executed in relation to the
action a pulse with a fixed duration is being generated over the signal being
defined.
o The group of element status conditions on which the action can be executed
(optional information).
o The set of status conditions where the element is already in the desired position
when the action is executed (optional information).

A breaker with three status positions - open, closed and unknown- will be defined as an
example:

Command Element Name Breaker


Possible status conditions Open, Closed, and Unknown
Possible actions for the element Open and Close

The value of the signals for the different element status conditions is defined:

Status Value of the signal conditioning the status


Open Breaker Closed Breaker
Open Value to 1 Value to 0
Closed Value to 0 Value to 1
Unknown - -

The status conditions in which each action can be executed and the signal associated with the
action are defined:

Actions Signal associated STATUS


with the action Open Closed Unknown
Open Breaker Open In position Not in position -
Command Do not operate Can be operate -
Close Breaker Closed Not in position. In position -
Command Can be operated Do not operated -

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3.6.5.b Configuring the Command


This section explains how to configure the Command Element with the ZIverlog configuration
module. Users can access the Equipment Command Configuration screen by pressing on the
Commands sub-option in the main menu's Define Resources option. All of the element's
components described in the previous section are going to be configured on the same screen.
This screen is divided into three tabs. Each of the tabs configures one part of the command.

- Signals defining the Status.


- Element Status Conditions.
- Element Actions.
- Element Blockings.

You can switch from one page to another by pressing on the tab located on the top of the box,
identified by the titles listed earlier.

In addition to the aforementioned pages, the following controls can be found in the upper portion
of the screen:

- Element Name: text which identifies the command element. This text can be directly
edited by the user. Moreover, this control is a drop-down list for selecting the command
to be configured so that data appearing on the signal, status condition, and action
pages match the command selected in this list.
- New Command: includes a new command element with no associated status condition,
actions or signals. By default it is given the name Order Element followed by the first
free (unused) number starting from 0. As indicated earlier, this name can be changed
simply by editing the text.
- Delete Command: deletes the command element selected on the list. When the
command element is deleted, not only are its associated actions, status conditions, and
signals deleted, but also the communications if these are used as a command for some
protocols..
- Import Command: lets you import commands defined in another configuration. This
button takes you to the Import Commands screen described further below.

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3.6 Defining Resources

Signals defining the Status


These are the signals
that condition the
Command Element's
status.

This screen shows the


complete list of signals
enabled to define the
status of the command
element. The list consists
of two columns. The first
column shows the
description of the group
to which the signal
defining the status (on
the same line but in the
next column) belongs.
For more information
about signal types
(groups), see section
Signal Types.

The controls shown on this screen are as follows:

- New: shows the signal selection screen (see section Signal Selection Screen). If the
selected signal is accepted, it is included as a status signal and added to the list on the
screen.
- Delete: deletes the signal associated with the selected status.
- Edit: shows the signal selection screen (see section Signal Selection Screen). In this
way, a different status signal can be selected. When you return to the starting screen,
the signal that was first selected changes to the new selection you have just made.
These signals can also be edited on the list by left-clicking the mouse on Signal Type or
on one of the signals that define the status condition.

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Command Status Conditions


This screen defines the
command element status
conditions and the data
associated with the
status conditions: A
complete list of
command element status
conditions is displayed
on the left, and the
signals defining the
status (configured in the
previous screen),
together with the value
associated with each
signal, are displayed on
the right. For each status
condition you have to
configure the values of
the signals defining the
status condition (see
section Command
Element Description).

The controls shown on this screen are as follows:

- New Status: registers a new status and displays it on the list to the left. By default, the
text given will be Status, followed by the first free number starting from 0.
- Delete Status: deletes the selected status from the list on the left.
- Status Text: list with the description of each status condition associated with the
command element. This text can be edited by the user.
- Status Text Masks: the masks are defined by each of the element's status conditions
so that they are shown at all times on the status signal value list relative to the selected
Status. The selected Status will be the status highlighted in the list on the left side,
which in turn is the status that is displayed in the Status Text Mask title:
o Signals to be examined: list of signals defined in the previous screen that are
common to all status conditions, since they are command element signals.
o Value: the value of each signal. It is used to define the selected status. Since the
signals to be examined are digital, the only valid values are '1', '0' and '-'. The latter
indicates that the value of the signal is not taken into account when determining the
status. To change this value, the user should place the cursor over the box defining
the value and then left-click the mouse to scroll consecutively through all the
possible values.

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3.6 Defining Resources

Command Actions
This screen defines the
command element
actions and the data
associated with such
actions.

The left side of the


screen contains a
complete list of the
command element
actions and the signal for
each of these actions.
The command element
status list configured in
the previous screen,
together with the status
masks for each action, is
displayed on the right.

The action will be allowed (or not) depending on the status of the command element. The link
between the action and the status conditions of the element is configured by defining the status
masks. For more information, see the example in section Command Item Description.

The controls shown on this screen are as follows:

- New Action: shows the signal selection screen (see section Signal Selection Screen). If
you select a signal on this screen and press the Accept button, a new action will be
enabled with the selected signal as the signal associated with the action. By default, the
text given to the action will be Action, followed by the first free number starting from 0.
This text can be edited by the user. The action will be included in the list. If you select a
signal on this screen and press the Cancel button, the action will not be enabled as it
has to be associated with a signal. When the action is executed, what is really
happening is that a pulse with a fixed duration is acting on the selected signal.
- Delete Action: deletes the selected action (and its associated signal) from the list on
the left.
- Action Text: list with the description of each action associated with the command
element. This text can be edited by the user.
- Involved Signal: signal used to generate a pulse when executing an action. When you
left-click on this field, the signal selection screen is displayed (see Signal Selection
Screen) allowing you to edit the signal associated with the action. When you return to
the starting screen (Equipment Command Configuration), the signal that was first
selected changes to the new selection you have just made. Not all digital signals are
valid for commands. For safety reasons, it is not allowed to establish the value of a
signal from more than one source; that is, signals that already have an assigned value,
those that take the value when executed in the logic, or those that establish their value
through communications, cannot be used as signals associated with the action. For
more information about permissions for using signals, see section Signal Restriction.

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- Successful Command Signal: digital signal stating successful command execution.


- Failed Command Signal: digital signal stating failed command execution.
- Timeout Setting: setting stating the waiting time before the command execution is
considered failed.
Note: Only given equipment have the possibility to configure these three signals (successful
command execution, command failure and timeout setting). The equipment profile determines
whether these data may or may not be configured.
- Action Text Masks: the masks are defined for each of the control element's actions so
that the status masks for the selected action are shown each time on the list. The
selected action will be the action highlighted in the list on the left-hand side, which in
turn is the action displayed in the Action Text Mask title.
o status list: a list of the status conditions defined for the command element. The
status conditions are common to all actions.
o oper: indicates whether or not the selected action can be performed when the
command element is in the status condition that is being configured (on the same
line in the left column).
o pos: means "in position", and indicates if the command element is in the same
status condition arrived at after executing the action.
Command Blocking
In this "tab" command
element locks are
defined as well as the
connection between
locks and element
commands. Bear in mind
that the command
configuration screen will
not always show this
"tab", as it would depend
on equipment profile.
Command locks may not
be defined for some
equipment. These shall
directly be carried out
through the logic.

The screen depicted shows to the left a complete list of command element actions, and to the
right a list of locks defined for the element together with the lockout connected signal and
lockout masks for each action. The status of the lockout signal must be checked prior to
command execution.

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3.6 Defining Resources

This screen shows the following controls:

- New Blocking: displays the signal selection screen (see section signal selection
screen). Selecting a signal on this screen and pressing OK button, a new lockout is
created with the selected signal as connected signal. By default, the lockout text will be
'Lockout' followed by the first free number starting from 0. This text is user modifiable.
The lockout will be shown in the list to the right. Pressing the Cancel button in the signal
selection screen cancels the new lockout, as a lockout must be connected to a signal.
- Delete Blocking: the lockout (and its signal) selected in the list to the right is deleted.
- Blocking text: list with the description of all locks defined for the command element.
This text is user modifiable.
- Connected signal: signal connected to the lockout. Signal to test whether the
command can be executed. This is previous to testing the status of the command
element. Pressing this field with the main mouse button displays the signal selection
screen (see section signal selection screen) so that the signal connected to the lockout
can be modified. Returning to the former screen, the new signal is shown instead of the
previously selected signal.
- Blocking Action: all command element actions can be locked by a number of locks.
The list to the right of the screen shows all command element locks and the Lockout
Action column shows with a check the checkboxes that lockout the action selected in
the list to the left, which at the same time appears as the column title. To checkmark an
empty checkbox just press on it with the main mouse button. It will be unchecked if the
same operation is made on a checkmarked box.
Import Command
By pressing the import button in the
command definition screen, the
Windows file selection dialog is
displayed. The user can then choose
the configuration from which to import
the command(s). After selecting the
configuration, the following screen is
displayed containing all the
commands defined in the selected
configuration.

This screen shows a list with the description of all the available commands in the selected
configuration, in addition to indicating if status conditions and actions have been defined for the
configuration. This list is a multiple-selection list. You can select any commands you wish to
include in the work configuration. To make a multiple selection, press and hold down the Ctrl
key while selecting the desired commands by clicking on each of them with the mouse.

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If the name of an imported command matches an existing command name, the imported
command is added by including a hash mark (#) followed by a number in its name, thus
avoiding duplicate command IDs.

The digital configuration signals that are used in the command and do not exist in the current
configuration are imported at the same time as the commands.

Before importing the command, you should study whether the command can be included in the
current configuration. It has already been noted that not all signals can be used as signals
associated with the command's action. If the command to be imported has one or more of these
signals, or other signals that do not exist in the current equipment profile, the command will not
be imported.

After importing, if an error has


occurred or a command has not been
imported for the described reasons,
an error screen like the screen shown
below is displayed.

This screen not only indicates the


total number of errors, but also
provides a brief description of each. In
this way, the user can know the
reason why the command import was
unsuccessful.

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3.6 Defining Resources

3.6.6 Analog Commands


Pressing the Analog Command option in the main menu Resource Definition, displays the
screen 'Configuration of Equipment Analog Commands'. In this screen the analog command
status signal as well as actions and possible command blocks are configured.

The following controls are located on the upper part of the screen:

- Element Name: text to identify the analog command element that can directly be
modified by the user. Furthermore, this control is a drop down list from which to select
the command to be configured, so that data on the action and lockout pages
correspond to the command selected from this list.
- New Command: creates a new analog command element, with neither status nor
actions and connected signals. By default it is given the name 'Command Element'
followed by the first free number (not used) starting from 0. As stated above, this name
can be modified just modifying the text.
- Delete Command: deletes the command element selected from the list. By deleting the
command element, all actions, status and connected signals are deleted and also it is
deleted from communications if it were being used in any protocol.
- Connected Analog Signal: the analog signal representing the analog command
element status.

3.6.6.a Analog Command Actions


From this screen, both analog command element actions and associated data can be defined.
This screen shows the following controls:

- New Action: displays the analog signal selection screen (see section signal selection
Screen). Selecting an analog signal on this screen and pressing the OK button, a new
action is created with the selected signal as connected signal. By default the action text
will be 'Action' followed by the first free number starting form 0. This is a user modifiable
text. The new action will be included into the list unless the Cancel button is pressed on
the signal selection screen, as an action has to be connected to a signal. When
executing the action what actually occurs is that a fixed duration pulse on that analog
signal takes place and of amplitude over the signal value.
- Delete Action: deletes the action (and connected signal) selected in the list to the left.
- Action Text: list with the description of all actions connected to the command element.
This text is user modifiable.
- Connected Signal: analog signal over which a pulse is generated when executing the
action. Pressing the left mouse button on this field displays the signal selection screen
(see section signal selection Screen) so that the analog signal connected to the action
can be modified. Returning to the former screen (Analog Equipment Command
Configuration screen), the new signal is shown instead of the previously selected signal.
Not all analog signals are valid for command execution. For safety reasons, signal
values cannot be established from more than one source, namely, signals with a value
or acquiring value through logic execution or through communications, etc., may not be
used as signals connected to the action.
- Successful Command Signal: digital signal stating successful action execution.
- Failed Command Signal: digital signal stating failed command execution.
- Timeout Setting: setting stating the waiting time before the command execution is
considered failed.

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3.6.6.b Command Blocks


In this screen command element locks are defined as well as the connection between locks and
element actions.

As shown on the right, a


complete list of analog
command element
actions is shown to the
left; a list of locks defined
for the element together
with the lockout
connected signal and
lockout masks for each
action is shown to the
right. The status of the
lockout signal must be
checked prior to
command execution.
This screen shows the
following controls:

- New Block: displays the signal selection screen (see section signal selection screen).
Selecting a signal on this screen and pressing OK, a new lockout is created with the
selected signal as connected signal. By default, the lockout text will be 'Lockout'
followed by the first free number starting from 0. This text is user modifiable. The
lockout will be shown in the list to the right except if the Cancel button is pressed in the
signal selection Screen, as a lockout must be connected to a signal.
- Delete Block: the lockout (and its signal) selected in the list to the right is deleted.
- Block Text: list with the description of all locks defined for the command element. This
text is user modifiable.
- Connected Signal: signal connected to the lockout. Signal to test whether the
command can be executed. Pressing with the main mouse button on this field displays
the signal selection Screen (see section signal selection Screen) so that the signal
connected to the lockout can be modified. Returning to the former screen (Analog
Equipment Command Configuration screen), the new signal is shown instead of the
previously selected signal.
- Block Action: all command element actions can be locked by a number of locks. The
list to the right of the screen shows all command element locks and the Lockout Action
column shows with a checkmark the checkboxes that lockout the action selected in the
list to the left, which at the same time appears as the column title. To checkmark an
empty checkbox just press on it with the main mouse button. It will be unchecked if the
same operation is made on a checked box.

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3.7 Communications

3.7.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................. 3.7-2


3.7.1.a General Format and Screen Handling ................................................................ 3.7-2
3.7.2 Procome ................................................................................................................... 3.7-4
3.7.2.a Events ................................................................................................................. 3.7-4
3.7.2.b Control Changes ................................................................................................. 3.7-6
3.7.2.c Commands ......................................................................................................... 3.7-9
3.7.2.d Metering Values ................................................................................................ 3.7-11
3.7.2.e Meters ............................................................................................................... 3.7-13
3.7.2.f Output Writings ................................................................................................. 3.7-14
3.7.3 DNP3 ..................................................................................................................... 3.7-19
3.7.3.a Contacts ............................................................................................................ 3.7-19
3.7.3.b Commands ....................................................................................................... 3.7-20
3.7.3.c Metering Values (Profile I) ................................................................................ 3.7-24
3.7.3.d Metering Values (Profile II) ............................................................................... 3.7-26
3.7.3.e Meters ............................................................................................................... 3.7-29
3.7.3.f Analog DNP3 Output Writings (Profile I) .......................................................... 3.7-31
3.7.3.g DNP3 Analog Output Writings (Profile II) ......................................................... 3.7-34
3.7.4 MODBUS Protocol ................................................................................................. 3.7-37
3.7.4.a Inputs and Outputs ........................................................................................... 3.7-37
3.7.4.b Commands ....................................................................................................... 3.7-39
3.7.4.c Metering Values ................................................................................................ 3.7-41
3.7.4.d Meters ............................................................................................................... 3.7-43
3.7.4.e Analog Output Writings ModBus ...................................................................... 3.7-44
3.7.5 61850 Protocol ....................................................................................................... 3.7-47
3.7.5.a Validity Configuration ........................................................................................ 3.7-47
3.7.5.b CSWI Node ....................................................................................................... 3.7-48
3.7.5.c XCBR Node ...................................................................................................... 3.7-51
3.7.5.d XSWI Node ....................................................................................................... 3.7-52
3.7.5.e MCXL Node ...................................................................................................... 3.7-52
3.7.5.f RFTL Node ....................................................................................................... 3.7-53
3.7.5.g MMTR Node ..................................................................................................... 3.7-56
3.7.5.h LPHD Node ....................................................................................................... 3.7-57
3.7.5.i ATCC ................................................................................................................ 3.7-57
3.7.5.j IHMI .................................................................................................................. 3.7-59
3.7.5.k CALH ................................................................................................................ 3.7-59
3.7.5.l SIMG ................................................................................................................. 3.7-60
3.7.5.m GENGGIO ......................................................................................................... 3.7-60
3.7.5.n TGOGGIO and TGO2GGIO ............................................................................. 3.7-62
3.7.5.o YLTC ................................................................................................................. 3.7-63
Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

3.7.1 Introduction
The purpose of this section is to define the communication parameters related to the
configuration for protocols defined in the equipment.

Users can access the configuration of the different protocols through the Communications
option in the main menu. By pressing on Communications a submenu drops down to display a
list of all the protocols supported by the equipment. This information is obtained from the
equipment profile.

By selecting the appropriate option of each submenu, the user accesses the screen where the
communication parameters for each protocol are configured. These parameters are what make
communication with the central unit possible.

3.7.1.a General Format and Screen Handling


The different communication screens are organized according to the following format:

The main screen contains a page frame, that is, there are two configuration areas that are
selectable by clicking on a tab, so only the information in the active tab is displayed. The two
tabs available for these screens are the Detail and List tabs. The protocol option parameters
can be configured in either of the two areas. The basic difference between the two is that the
Detail tab only shows information about the selected signal, while the List tab provides a
complete list of the configured signals with their respective parameters.

The Accept and Cancel buttons are used the same way as described in section Using
Controls.

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3.7 Communications

Detail Page
At the top of the Detail page, a drop-down list is displayed with the full list of the signals that can
be configured for communications. When a signal is selected, the data representing the
communication parameters at the bottom of the screen are updated. For a signal to be included
in the communications data, simply activate the checkbox identifying the protocol configuration
option. For example, to include a specific signal as DNP3 contact, the desired signal must be
selected from the list of Available Signals.

Once the signal is


displayed as active in the
list, the labeled checkbox
is enabled (for this
example, as DNP3
Contact). In doing this,
the ZIverlog
configuration module
enables the rest of the
controls in order to
configure the
communication signal
parameters, and it
calculates the DNP3
contact number while
giving the signal. This will
be the first free
communication number
at that time. The number can be edited by the user by means of the relevant numeric control.
The rest of the parameters are also initialized with their default values.
List Page
The List area includes all
the signals that have
been enabled for
communication in the
left-hand column. The
different parameters
applied to each of the
signals are displayed in
the two columns at the
right. New signals are
enabled on this screen
by right-clicking the
mouse and selecting the
New option (see section
Using controls). Similarly,
to delete configuration
signals, select the signal
you wish to delete and
then right-click the
mouse and select Delete.

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3.7.2 Procome
This option of the Communications menu opens a new submenu with the options the equipment
allows to be configured for this protocol. By selecting the desired submenu option, you can
access the screens for configuring the Events, Control Changes, Commands, Metering
Values, Meters and Digital and Analog Outputs for communication using the Procome
Protocol.

3.7.2.a Events
This screen lets you configure the user-defined signals that will generate an event. Here is
where the control events, that will complement the equipment-defined protection events in the
log file, are configured. These events will be stored in the log file with the same format as the
protection events, except that the valid range of the records will be from 40000 to 40023. For
each of the records, the first 32 bits are assigned as activation bits and the remaining 32 bits
are deactivation bits. The activation and deactivation bits will be paired, although both status
conditions are not required to generate an event. The fields shown in the Detail tab are:

- Available
Signals: drop-
down list
containing all
user-defined
signals during
configuration
(see Digital
Signals).
- Event
Description:
The user can edit
the text
representing the
event in this text
box. By default,
the description
will match the
description of the signal whose change will generate the event. When the event log is
retrieved with Zivercomplus, the text displayed for this type of event will appear in the
box preceded by the indication Activation of or Deactivation of, depending on the type
of status change.

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3.7 Communications

- Activation Generates an Event: if this checkbox is marked, an event is generated


when the selected signal (in the list of available signals) is activated. If it is not marked,
an event is not generated.
- Deactivation Generates an Event: if this checkbox is marked, an event is generated
when the selected signal (in the list of available signals) is deactivated. If it is not
marked, an event is not generated.
- Record Number: the number of the record where the event information is stored. The
event information is stored at a specific position in the record. This position is a record
bit. Each record can store up to 64 positions or bits. The first 32 are assigned as
activation events, and the last 32 are for deactivation events.

Valid range for control events: 40000- 40023

- Activation Bit: position (bit) in the record where the activation event is stored. As
indicated earlier, the activation and deactivation events are paired, although the two are
not required to be activated simultaneously. However, their position is always separated
32 bits. The configurations module makes this change automatically. When an event is
enabled, the first free position (by pairs) existing in the first record with free positions is
calculated.

Valid range for control events: 0-31

- Deactivation Bit: position (bit) in the record where the deactivation event is stored.

Valid range for control events: 32-63

The List tab lets the user


configure the same fields
as in the Detail section.

The List and Detail field matches are as follows:

Event Event Description


Act Activation generates an event
De Deactivation generates an event
Procome reg Record Number
Act Bit Activation Bit
Deact Bit Deactivation Bit

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3.7.2.b Control Changes


This screen lets you
configure the signals that
will generate Control
Changes. When a
primary equipment unit
(usually a central unit)
makes a request for
control changes to the
equipment, the
equipment will send it the
ID for any signal labeled
as Control Changes
whose status has
changed since the last
time a request was
made.

The fields shown in the


Detail tab are:

- Signal Type: drop-down list containing the groups of signals that collect- the
equipment's digital signals. For more information, see section Signal types. The list of
available signals will depend on the selected group.
- Available Signals: list of digital equipment signals belonging to the selected group in
signal type. Signals that can be configured as control changes include all equipment-
defined signals and user-defined signals that are included in the configuration. A
maximum of 2048 Procome control changes can be labeled.
- Transmission Cause to be Generated: transmission cause generating the signal on
change of status. Indicates the transmission cause that is activated when a change in
the digital signal associated with the control change (ISC) occurs. The drop-down list
contains a list of the configured Transmission Causes. For further information, see
Transmission Causes below. The control change does not necessarily generate a
transmission cause (default option). The maximum number of signals that can generate
a transmission cause is 256.
- Associated Transmission Causes: causes for the change in a digital signal (ISC or
control change). It is used to determine the reason for the change. One control change
can be associated with different transmission causes; as a result, a complete list of
transmission causes defined for the configuration is displayed under the Description
heading (see Transmission Causes further below). A checkbox is displayed alongside
each of the cause descriptions. The checkbox (titled Act) indicates whether the attached
transmission cause is associated with the Procome control change (checkbox marked)
or not (no marks in checkbox).
- PROCOME Change: this checkbox indicates whether the selected signal is labeled as
a Procome control change (checkbox marked) or not (no marks in checkbox). A
maximum of 2048 Procome changes is allowed

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- Change Number: Procome label associated with the control change. Each time a new
control change is enabled, this value is established by default at the first free value for
control changes. The user can change it in order to give it the desired value. Two digital
signals cannot be labeled with the same Procome change number

Valid Range: 0-2047.


Default Value: first free number starting with 0.

Transmission Causes Button: this button accesses the screen for configuring valid
Transmission Causes. See Transmission Causes below.

Pressing the List tab transfers you to the page listing the set of signals labeled as Procome
control changes, together with their associated parameters. As indicated earlier, everything that
is configured in the Detail tab can be configured in the List tab. To add or delete signals labeled
as Control Changes simply right-click on the mouse and select the desired option, as was
indicated for general format and handling of screens when discussing the List Page.

The List and Detail field matches are as follows:

Change Available Signals marked as Change


Cause to be Generate Transmission Cause to be Generated
Change N Change Number
COTs Mask Associated Transmission Causes

To configure the Cause to be


Generated and the COTs Mask
associated with a control change from
this page, double-click on the Cause
to be Generated checkbox or the
COTs Mask checkbox for the desired
control change. The screen to the
right is displayed when this is done.

The data are configured in the same


way as described above for the List
page.

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Transmission Causes
Transmission Causes
are defined as a set of
identifiers that pinpoint
the reason for a change
in the control signal.
Some signals labeled as
control changes are also
capable of changing the
active cause when their
status changes. In this
way, changes posted by
communications can be
sent together with an
associated cause
indicating the reason for
the change.

The screen shown on the following page is used to configure the Transmission Causes. The
description and configurable parameters for a transmission cause are displayed at the top,
under the Detail title. The different causes can be accessed in two different ways:

- Using the Navigation Buttons located on the right side of the screen (for more
information about this type of control, see Using Controls).
- Placing the cursor on the desired cause in the list displayed at the lower portion of the
screen under the heading Complete List of Transmission Causes. This list shows all
the causes enabled up to that moment, in addition to the parameters associated with
each cause. The maximum number of Transmission Causes that can be configured
for each piece of equipment is 32.

The fields that can be configured on this screen are:

- Identifier: number identifying the transmission cause when sent by communications.


(Procome).

Valid Range: 0-255


Default Value: 100

- Validity (ms): valid time of the cause. This is the time the associated cause is active in
the equipment. This time starts to count the moment the status, or the control change,
signal that 'generates the cause' is changed. The time is expressed in milliseconds.

Valid Range: 0 -10000 ms


Default Value: 0

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- Description: the description given to the cause in order to identify it. This description is
what is displayed in the control changes configuration screen (see Control Changes).
- Delete: deletes a transmission cause. When the transmission cause is deleted, the
masks and cause generating signals associated with the control change signals are
recalculated.
- New: enables a new control signal with default values:

Identifier: 100
Valid Time: 0

The maximum number of valid Transmission Causes per configuration is 32.

3.7.2.c Commands
This screen lets you configure the commands that will be sent via communications to the
Procome protocol.

The commands selected here to be used in communications can be referenced from


Zivercomplus, and are displayed under the Actions node. The commands are divided into
two groups: commands defined in the configuration as Control Commands and those defined
as Protection Commands. Each group is placed under a different node (though both are
subnodes of Actions) so that the communication commands defined here can be operated from
Zivercomplus.

The commands that can be operated through communications are those actions that were
configured when defining the different command elements. For more information about the
command elements or their associated actions, see section Commands.

The fields shown in the Detail screen are:

- Command
Element: drop-
down list with the
command
elements defined
in the
configuration.
The command
element is
completely user-
configurable and
can represent
any kind of
command, e.g.
from a signal up
to a breaker. For
more information
about the
command elements, see Commands section. When a specific command element is
selected, the list in the control immediately below the element should be updated with
the available actions for that element. This list does not include those command
elements that have been defined without any associated actions.

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- Available Orders: list with the set of available actions for the element selected in the
previous list.
- Procome Command: this checkbox indicates whether the selected order is labeled as
a Procome control change (checkbox marked) or not (no marks in checkbox). A
maximum of 1024 Procome commands is allowed.
- Order Type: indicates whether the command is a control command or whether it is
considered a protection command.
- Order Number: Procome command label associated with the order for sending via
communications.

Valid Range: 0-1023


Default Value: First free number (not used, starting with 0).

The order number does not have to be unique. Orders associated with the same
Procome label can exist, provided the order type and DCO do not coincide
simultaneously. For example, the same order number can be used for two actions, both
of them labeled control, as long as one of them has the DCO set to ON and the other
has it set to OFF. The configuration module will be capable of making this change when
the user decides to use the same Procome order number.
However, it will not allow that both an order's number and parameters match another's.
If the user tries to perform this operation, the module will not allow it, displaying a
warning reminding the user of the reason for this prohibition.
- DCO: Identification of the order type to allow double commands. Valid values are ON
and OFF. As noted in the previous point, two label orders with the same Procome
number, order type and DCO cannot coexist.

Pressing the List tab


transfers you to the page
listing the set of
command actions
labeled as Procome
orders, together with
their associated
parameters. As indicated
earlier, everything that is
configured in the Detail
tab can be configured in
the List tab.

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The List and Detail field matches are as follows:

Element Command Element


Order Available Orders
Procome Procome Command
Order Type Order Type
Proc N Order Number
DCO DCO

New orders cannot be included in this list, since all orders have to be associated with the
defined command elements. To enable the order as a Procome Command, activate the
checkbox marked Procome, just like in the List area. To make the order a non-Procome
command, deactivate the checkbox.

3.7.2.d Metering Values


This screen lets you
configure the
measurements that will
be sent via
communications for the
Procome protocol.

The fields shown in the


Detail screen are:

- Signal Type:
drop-down list
with the groups
of signals
containing all the
equipment's
analog signals,
i.e. the
magnitudes, which will be available in the equipment. For more information, see section
Signal types. The list of available signals will depend on the selected group.
- Available Signals: list of analog equipment signals (magnitudes) belonging to the
selected group in signal type. Signals that can be configured as measurements include
all equipment-defined signals and user-defined signals that are included in the
configuration.
- Procome Metering Value: this checkbox indicates whether the selected signal is
labeled as a Procome Metering (checkbox marked) or not (no marks in checkbox). A
maximum of 256 Procome measurements is allowed.
- Metering Value Number: Procome label associated with the measurement. Each time
a new Procome measurement is enabled, this value is established by default at the first
free value for measurements. The user can change it in order to give it the desired
value. Two magnitudes cannot be labeled with the same Procome metering number.

Valid Range: 0-255.


Default Value: First free number (not used, starting with 0).

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The parameters for calculating the measurement to be sent via communications are as follows:

- Offset: Offset of the measurement.


- Maximum Limit: taken initially from the bottom of the measurement scale.
- Dependent on Rated Value: this checkbox indicates whether the measurement
calculation is going to be performed depending on the signal's rated value (checkbox
marked ) or not (no marks in checkbox). One formula or another will be displayed
depending on whether or not the calculation information at the bottom of these
parameters is marked.

The user can change the value of these parameters to send the desired value via
communications. For example, if the user wishes to send the measurement value directly (not in
accounts), this value can be set at 4095 and the operation not be performed depending on the
nominal value. Thus, using the second formula, the value sent via communications is the
measurement value (considering offset 0) directly.

The equations for calculating the measurement to be sent via communications are as follows:

- Depending on the nominal value:

(Measurement offset) 4095


MeasurementComs
RatedValue limit

- Regardless of the nominal value:

4095
MeasurementComs (Measurement offset)
limit

Pressing the List tab


transfers you to the page
listing the set of signals
labeled as Procome
measurements, together
with their associated
parameters. As indicated
earlier, everything that is
configured in the Detail
tab can be configured in
the List tab. To add or
delete measurements,
simply select the
appropriate menu option
that is displayed when
right-clicking the mouse

The List and Detail field


matches are as follows:

Signal Available Signal Procome Measurement


Procome N Metering number
Proc Offset Offset
Proc Limit Upper limit
Rated F. Depending on the rated value

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3.7.2.e Meters
This screen lets you
configure the meters that
will be sent via
communications for the
Procome protocol. The
fields shown in the Detail
screen are:

Signal Type: drop-


down list with the
groups of signals
containing all the
equipment's analog
signals, i.e. the
magnitudes, which
will be available in the
equipment. For more
information, see
section Signal types.
The list of available signals will depend on the selected group.
Available Signals: list of analog equipment signals (magnitudes) belonging to the selected
group in Signal Type. Signals that can be configured as meters include all equipment-
defined signals and user-defined signals that are included in the configuration.
Procome Meter: this checkbox indicates whether the selected signal is labeled as a
Procome Meter (checkbox marked) or not (no marks in checkbox). A maximum of 256
Procome meters is allowed.
Pulse Meter Number: Procome label associated with the meter. Each time a new Procome
Meter is enabled, this value is established by default at the first free value for meters. The
user can change it to give it the desired value. Two magnitudes cannot be labeled with the
same Procome Meter number.

Valid Range: 0-255.


Default Value: First free number (not used, starting with 0).

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Pressing the List tab


transfers you to the page
listing the set of analog
signals labeled as
Procome Meters,
together with their
associated parameters.
As indicated earlier,
everything that is
configured in the Detail
tab can be configured in
the List tab. To add or
delete meters, simply
select the appropriate
menu option that is
displayed when right-
clicking the mouse.

The List and Detail field matches are as follows:

Signal Available signal Procome Counter


Procome N Meter Number

3.7.2.f Output Writings


Output means any input or output, software or hardware, analog or digital, in the equipment
whose value is set by the primary unit (generally a central unit). It is called an Output because it
is an output datum from the primary station's point of view, since the primary station determines
the value of this signal.

From the application's point of view, it is not convenient to write directly to a hardware output,
since it could be part of the equipment's direct logic outputs and both values could be
contradictory (in addition to the risk of leaving a hardware output with a set value). The ideal
application is writing over equipment logical inputs, even though they may be internally routed
toward the secondary station's hardware outputs.

For this reason, the configurations module will not let those signals that are already assigned a
value or that take on a value when executed in the logic, by a command, etc., to be configured
as output writing signals (both analog and digital). For more information about these limitations,
see section Signal Restrictions.

As described above, the output writing signals can be digital and analogical. The way each of
them is configured is now explained.

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Digital Output Writing Signals


This screen lets you
configure the digital
output writing signals that
will be sent via
communications for the
Procome protocol.

The fields shown in the


Detail screen are:

- Signal Type:
drop-down list
with the groups
of signals
containing all the
equipment's
Digital Signals
which will be
available in the equipment. For more information, see section Signal Types. The list of
available signals will depend on the selected group.
- Available Signals: list of digital equipment signals belonging to the selected group in
Signal Type. Signals that can be configured as output writing signals include all IED-
defined signals and user-defined signals that are included in the configuration. A
maximum of 1024 Procome digital writing signals can be labeled.
- Output Writing Signal: this checkbox indicates whether the selected signal is labeled
as a Procome Output Writing Signal (checkbox marked) or not (no marks in
checkbox). A maximum of 1024 Procome digital output writing signals is allowed.
- Procome Number: Procome label associated with the digital output writing signal. Each
time a new Procome output writing signal is enabled, this value is established by default
at the first free value for outputs. The user can change it to give it the desired value.
Two digital output writing signals cannot be labeled with the same Procome writing
signal number (ISS).

Valid Range: 0-1023.


Default Value: First free number (not used, starting with 0).

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Pressing the List tab


transfers you to the page
listing the set of signals
labeled as Procome
digital output writing
signals, together with
their associated
parameters. As indicated
earlier, everything that is
configured in the Detail
tab can be configured in
the List tab. To add or
delete signals labeled as
Output Writing Signals,
simply right-click the
mouse button and select
the desired option, as
indicated for the List
Page, or disable the Proc
checkbox for each of the
signals.

The List and Detail field matches are as follows:

Signal Available Output Writing Signal (digital)


Proc Output Writing Signal
ISS N Procome Number

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Analog Output Writing Signals


This screen lets you configure the analog output writing signals that will be sent via
communications for the Procome protocol.

The fields shown in the Detail screen are:

- Command on Element: select this option to show to the right of the control a list of
analog command elements defined in the configuration as well as actions defined for
each element.
- Command on Signal: select this option to show to the right of the control a list of
analog signal types as well as signals defined for each type.
- Command Element: this drop down control is shown only if the Command on Element
option has been selected. It shows a list with all analog command elements defined in
the configuration. For more information on command elements see chapter Commands.
A drop down list of Available Commands will be displayed as a function of the selected
element and detail area controls will be updated.
- Available Commands: list of actions of the analog command element selected in the
Command Element control. Detail area controls will be updated as a function of the
selected command.
- Signal Type: drop-down list with the groups of signals containing all the equipment's
analog signals which will be available in the equipment. For more information, see
section Signal types. The list of available signals will depend on the selected group.
- Available Signals: list of analog equipment signals (magnitudes) belonging to the
selected group in Signal Type. Signals that can be configured as analog output writing
signals include all equipment-defined signals and user-defined signals that are included
in the configuration.
- Output Writing Signal: this checkbox indicates whether the selected signal is labeled
as a Procome Analog Output Writing Signal (checkbox marked) or not (no marks in
checkbox). A maximum of 256 Procome analog output writing signals is allowed.
- Procome Number: Procome label associated with the analog output writing signal.
Each time a new Procome output writing signal is enabled, this value is established by
default at the first free value for outputs. The user can change it in order to give it the
desired value. Two analog output writing signals cannot be labeled with the same
Procome analog writing signal number.

Valid Range: 0-255.


Default Value: First free number (not used, starting with 0).

The parameters to be used for the calculation of analog output writing received through
communications are as follows:

- Offset: Offset of analog output writing.


- Upper Limit: in principle it is the full scale of the analog output writing.
- As a Function of Rated Value: this checkbox states whether analog writing calculation
is made as a function of rated signal value (box checkmarked) or not (empty checkbox).
Different formulas will be shown depending on whether calculation data in the lower part
is checkmarked or not.

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Necessary equations for the calculation of measurements received through communications are
as follows:

- As a function of the rated value:

(Measurement offset) 4095


MeasurementComs
RatedValue limit
- Irrespective of the rated value:

4095
MeasurementComs (Measurement offset)
limit

Pressing the List tab transfers you to the page listing the set of signals labeled as Procome
Analog Output Writing Signals, together with their associated parameters. As indicated
earlier, everything that is configured in the Detail tab can be configured in the List tab.

To add or delete signals labeled as Output Writing Signals, simply right-click the mouse button
and select the desired option, as indicated in the List Page section, or disable the Proc
checkbox for each of the signals.

The List and Detail field matches are as follows:

Signal Available Output Writing Signal (analog)


Proc Output Writing Signal
ISS N Procome Number
Offset Offset
Limit Maximum Limit
Rated F. Dependent on Rated Value

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3.7.3 DNP3
This option of the Communications menu opens a new submenu with the options the
equipment allows to be configured for this protocol. By selecting the desired submenu option,
you can access the screens for configuring the Contacts, Commands, Metering Values and
Meters for communication using the DNP3 protocol.

3.7.3.a Contacts
This screen lets you configure the Digital Signals that will be considered contacts for
communication through the DNP3 protocol.

The fields shown in the Detail screen are:

- Signal Type:
drop-down list
with the groups
of signals
containing all the
equipment's
Digital Signals.
The list of
available signals
will depend on
the selected
group. For more
information, see
section Signal
types.
- Available
Signals: list of
digital equipment
signals belonging to the selected group in Signal Type. Signals that can be configured
as counters include all equipment-defined signals and user-defined signals that are
included in the configuration.
- DNP3 Contact: This checkbox indicates whether the selected signal is labeled as a
DNP3 contact (checkbox marked) or not (no marks in checkbox). A maximum of 256
contacts is allowed.
- DNP3 Number: DNP3 label associated with the contact. Each time a new contact is
enabled, this value is established by default at the first free value starting with 0. The
user can edit this in order to give it the desired value. Two digital signals cannot be
labeled with the same DNP3 contact number.

Valid Range: 0-255.


Default Value: First free number starting with 0.

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Pressing the List tab


transfers you to the page
listing the set of signals
labeled as DNP3
contacts, together with
their associated
parameters. As indicated
earlier, everything that is
configured in the Detail
tab can be configured in
the List tab.

To add or delete signals


labeled as Contacts,
simply right-click the
mouse button and select
the desired option, as
indicated for the List
Page, or disable the
DNP3 checkbox for the
signal you wish to delete.

The List and Detail field matches are as follows:

Signal Available signals marked as Contacts


DNP3 DNP3 Contact
N DNP3 DNP3 Number

3.7.3.b Commands
This screen lets you configure the commands that will be sent via communications for the DNP3
protocol.

Commands on elements or directly on the signal can be made in DNP3. Commands on


Elements are, in reality, commands relating to the actions configured when defining each of the
command elements (for more information about command elements or their associated actions,
see section Commands).

From the application's point of view, it is not convenient to perform a Command directly to a
Hardware Output, since it could be part of the equipment's direct logic outputs and both values
could be contradictory (in addition to the risk of leaving a hardware output with a set value). For
this reason, the configurations module will not let those signals that are already assigned a
value or that take on a value when executed in the logic, or signals whose value is established
by the primary station (or other equipment), to be configured as DNP3 commands). It will,
however, allow different commands to be performed on the same signal. For more information
about these limitations, see section Signal Restrictions.

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The fields shown in the Detail screen are:

- DNP3
Command:
drop-down list
with all the
enabled DNP3
Commands. The
displayed text
consists of a
number, its
DNP3 order
label, followed by
a description of
the command.
This description
will match the
signal's text for
Commands on
Signals. For
Commands on
Elements, the description will be the description of the action, with ]the name of the
command element to which the action belongs in parentheses.
- Command over Element: this option is marked if the selected DNP3 Command (upper
drop-down list) is performed on a command element action. This value is for information
purposes only; it cannot act directly on the control.
- Command over Signal: this option is marked if the selected DNP3 Command (upper
drop-down list) is performed on a digital signal. This value is for information purposes
only; it cannot act directly on the control.
- Command Element: description of the command element containing the action labeled
as DNP3 Command. This is a control for informational purposes only; no actions can
be taken regarding this control (for more information about command elements, see
section Commands).
- Available Commands: action of the command element labeled as DNP3 Command.
This control is for information purposes only.
- Involved Signal: signal labeled as DNP3 Command. This control is for informational
purposes only. To see which signals can be labeled as commands, consult section
Signal restrictions.
- Block Signal: a digital signal that prevents execution of the command if active. This
control is for informational purposes only.
- Order Number: DNP3 Command label associated with the order for sending via
communications.

Valid Range: 0-1023.


Default Value: First free number (not used, starting with 0).

The order number does not have to be unique. Orders associated with the same DNP3
label can exist, provided a set of Trip/Close - execution type permissions does not
coincide simultaneously. The module will not allow both an order's number and
parameters to match another's. If the user tries to perform this operation, the module
will not allow it, displaying a warning reminding the user of the reason for this
prohibition.

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- Permissions: depicts the type of execution the command labeled DNP3 is capable
of allowing and performing. When a DNP3 Command is executed, in addition to the
label to which the command is directed, a series of parameters, including the
trip/close and execution type pair, should be sent to identify the command. Before
executing the command the pair is checked for validity; that is, if those permissions
for that specific DNP3 label have been activated in the configuration.

Trip/Close: being a permissions mask, a single DNP3 command label can


be configured with the three permissions active at the same time.
Valid values: default, trip and close.
Running Type: possible execution types for the command label. These are
not exclusive. A single label can allow ON and OFF pulse commands or ON
and OFF status change commands.
Valid values: Latch On, Latch Off, Pulse On, Pulse Off.

In both cases, at least one checkbox must be selected. Only a pulse with a fixed
duration will ever be executed on an order element (signal status changes are not
executed).

- Delete: button for deleting the selected DNP3 Command (the highlighted command
in the drop-down list).
- New: button providing access to screens under the heading Select new command
for selecting the signal or command to be enabled as a DNP3 Command.

Depending on the selected option, Command over Element or Command over Signal, the
screen presentation will be the first or second shown below, respectively. In this case, the
control is the same as that explained for the DNP3 commands detail screen, with the difference
that this control is operable, that is, the user can select the desired option. It is not a control for
informational purposes only.

Command Element:
drop-down list with all the
command elements
defined in the
configuration. For more
information about the
command elements, see
section Commands.

Available Commands: List of actions for the selected command element. The user must select
the action to be labeled as a DNP3 Command. This list is updated every time the user selects a
different command element in the previous list. For more information about actions associated
with a command element, see section Commands.

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3.7 Communications

Signal Types: drop-


down list with all the
equipment's digital signal
types. For more
information, see section
Signal Types.

Involved Signal: drop-


down list with the digital
signals belonging to the
group or type selected in
the previous list. Only those signals that can be converted to DNP3 Commands are displayed.
For safety reasons, the signals that already have an assigned value, or that take on a value
through the equipment's logic, or are labeled as output writing signals, etc. are not displayed.
For more information, see section Signal restrictions.

Blocking Signal: drop-down list with the digital signals belonging to the group or type selected
in the Signal Types list located to the left.

Blocking Signal Not Used: this selectable box lets you indicate whether the block signal
selected in the previous list will be taken into account or not. If the checkbox is marked, the
command will not have an associated block signal.

OK: by pressing this button, the selected signal or action is enabled as a DNP3 Command and
is displayed in the DNP3 commands screen.

Cancel: by pressing this button, the selected signal or action is not enabled as a DNP3
Command. The commands screen is displayed with no changes.

Pressing the List tab


transfers you to the page
listing the set of
command actions
labeled as DNP3 orders,
together with their
associated parameters.
Permission masks on
this screen cannot be
configured; they are
included here for
information only.

The List and Detail field


matches are as follows:

Command DNP3 Command


N DNP3 Command number
Msk trip/close Trip/close permissions
Msk running Execution type permissions

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3.7.3.c Metering Values (Profile I)


This screen lets you
configure the
measurements that will
be sent via
communications for the
DNP3 protocol (profile I).

The fields shown in the


Detail screen are:

- Signal Type:
drop-down list
with the groups
of signals
containing all the
equipment's
Analog Signals,
i.e. the
magnitudes,
which will be available in the equipment. For more information, see section Signal
types. The list of available signals will depend on the selected group.
- Available Signals: list of analog equipment signals (magnitudes) belonging to the
selected group in signal type. Signals that can be configured as measurements include
all equipment-defined signals and user-defined signals that are included in the
configuration.
- DNP3 Metering Value: this checkbox indicates whether the selected signal is labeled
as a DNP3 Metering Value (checkbox marked) or not. A maximum of 256 DNP3
metering values is allowed.
- Metering Value Number: DNP3 label associated with the measurement. Each time a
new DNP3 Metering Value is enabled, this value is established by default at the first
free value for measurements. The user can change it in order to give it the desired
value. Two magnitudes cannot be labeled with the same DNP3 measurement number.

Valid Range: 0-255.


Default Value: First free number (not used, starting with 0).

- As a Function of the Primary Value: states whether the measurement value is sent as
a function of the primary value (box checkmarked ) or the secondary (default value,
empty checkbox).
- DNP3 Metering Change: indicates whether a change in the measurement value that
sets the new value above or below the defined bands will be registered as a change
(checkbox marked). The band is defined according to a nominal value percentage and
can be set using Zivercomplus. A maximum of 16 DNP3 metering changes can be
configured.

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3.7 Communications

The parameters for calculating the measurement to be sent via communications are as follows:

- Offset: offset of the measurement.


- Maximum Limit: taken initially from the bottom of the measurement scale.
- Dependent on Rated Value: this checkbox indicates whether the measurement
calculation is going to be performed depending on the signal's rated value (checkbox
marked) or not (no marks in checkbox). One formula or another will be displayed
depending on whether or not the calculation information at the bottom of these
parameters is marked.

The user can change the value of these parameters to send the desired value via
communications. For example, if the user wishes to send the measurement value directly (not in
accounts), this value can be set at 32767, and the operation not be performed, depending on
the nominal value. Thus, using the second formula, the value sent via communications is the
measurement value (considering offset 0) directly.

The equations for calculating the measurement to be sent via communications are as follows:

- As a function of the rated value:

(Measurement offset) 32767


MeasurementComs
RatedValue limit

- Irrespective of the rated value:

32767
MeasurementComs (Measurement offset)
limit

Pressing the List tab


transfers you to the page
listing the set of signals
labeled as DNP3
Metering Values,
together with their
associated parameters.
As indicated earlier,
everything that is
configured in the Detail
tab can be configured in
the List tab. To add or
delete measurements,
simply select the
appropriate menu option
that is displayed when
right-clicking the mouse.

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The List and Detail field matches are as follows:

Signal Available Signal DNP3 Measurem.


DNP N Measurement number
Offset DNP Offset
Limit Maximum limit
Rated F. Depending on the rated value
Change DNP3 measurement number
Setting Change setting
Primary As a function of the primary value

3.7.3.d Metering Values (Profile II)


This screen lets you configure the measurements that will be sent via communications for the
DNP3 protocol (profile II). The fields shown in the Detail screen are:

- Signal Type: drop-down list with the groups of signals containing all the equipment's
analog signals, i.e. the magnitudes, which will be available in the equipment. For more
information, see section Signal types. The list of available signals will depend on the
selected group.
- Available Signals: list of analog equipment signals (magnitudes) belonging to the
selected group in signal type. Signals that can be configured as measurements include
all equipment-defined signals and user-defined signals that are included in the
configuration.

General Data:

- DNP3 Measurement: this checkbox indicates whether the selected signal is labeled as
a DNP3 Measurement (checkbox marked) or not (no marks in checkbox). A maximum
of 256 DNP3 measurements is allowed.
- Measurement Number: DNP3 label associated with the measurement. Each time a
new DNP3 Measurement is enabled, this value is established by default at the first free
value for measurements. The user can change it in order to give it the desired value.
Two magnitudes cannot be labeled with the same DNP3 Measurement Number.

Valid Range: 0-63.


Default Value: First free number (not used, starting with 0).

- Measurement in Engineering Units: activation of this parameter states that the


measurement is sent as a value and not as percentage of the maximum value.
- Multiplier Factor: factor by which the measurement is multiplied for transmission
through communications (only meaningful when the measurement is transmitted in
engineering units). Default value is 1.0. Can be either positive or negative and 4
decimal point precision. Dimensionless.
- DNP3 Measurement Change: indicates whether a change in the measurement value
that sets the new value above or below the defined bands will be registered as a
change (checkbox marked). The band is defined according to a nominal value
percentage and can be set using Zivercomplus. A maximum of 16 DNP3
Measurement changes can be configured.

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3.7 Communications

The parameters for calculating the measurement to be sent via communications are as follows:

- Offset: offset of the measurement. Always expressed in measurement secondary


values. Irrespective of flags "Measurement in rated value" or "Measurement in primary
value".
- Maximum Value: in principle, it is taken as measurement full scale. Values depend on
the activated flags. Expressed in:
o Secondary Units when there are no active flags; times the rated value if flag "As a
function of the rated value" is active;
o Primary Units if flag "As a function of the primary value" is active;
o Times The Primary Rated Value if both flags are active.
- Depending on Rated Value: this checkbox indicates whether the measurement
calculation is going to be performed depending on the signal's rated value (checkbox
marked) or not (no marks in checkbox). One formula or another will be displayed
depending on whether or not the calculation information at the bottom of these
parameters is marked.
- As a Function of the Primary Value: states whether the measurement value is sent as
a function of the primary value (box checkmarked) or secondary (default value, empty
checkbox). This flag is only meaningful for static magnitudes (relay magnitudes) as user
magnitudes always have a 1:1 transformation ratio (TR = 1).

The user can change the value of these parameters to send the desired value via
communications. First, establish whether the measurement is sent as a value or as percentage
of the maximum value.

General equations for the calculation of measurements transmitted through communications:

- Percentage communications measurement value:

TR ( Measurement offset )
MeasurementComs (ComsMaxValue)
Vn MaxValue

- Engineering unit communications measurement value:

TR
MeasurementComs ( Measurement offset ) ( MultiplierFactor)
Vn

Where:

TR: Transformation ratio


Vn: Rated value
ComsMaxValue: Maximum value to be transmitted through communications. For
example, if measurement request is made in 16 bits " ComsMaxValue " would be
2^15-1. If request is made in 32 bits (higher precision) this value would be 2^31-1.

If flag As a Function of the Primary Value is not active, in formulas, the value TR would be
considered as "1".
If flag As a Function of the Rated Value is not active, in formulas, the value Vn would be
considered as "1".

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Pressing the List tab


transfers you to the page
listing the set of signals
labeled as DNP3
Measurements, together
with their associated
parameters. As indicated
earlier, everything that is
configured in the Detail
tab can be configured in
the List tab. To add or
delete measurements,
simply select the
appropriate menu option
that is displayed when
right-clicking the mouse.

The List and Detail field


matches are as follows:

Signal Available Signal for DNP3 Measur.


DNP N Measurement number
Offset Offset
Max Limit Maximum limit
Rated F. Depending on the rated value
Change Change in DNP3 measurement
Setting Change setting
Primary Depending on the primary value
Ing Units In engineering units
Multiplier Multiplier factor

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3.7 Communications

3.7.3.e Meters
This screen lets you
configure the meters that
will be sent via
communications for the
DNP3 protocol.

The fields shown in the


Detail screen are:

- Signal Type:
drop-down list
with the groups
of signals
containing all the
equipment's
Analog Signals,
i.e. the
magnitudes,
which will be available in the equipment. For more information, see section Signal
types. The list of available signals will depend on the selected group.
- Available Signals: list of analog equipment signals (magnitudes) belonging to the
selected group in signal type. Signals that can be configured as counters include all
equipment-defined signals and user-defined signals that are included in the
configuration.
- DNP3 Meter: this checkbox indicates whether the selected signal is labeled as a DNP3
Meter (checkbox marked) or not (no marks in checkbox). A maximum of 20 DNP3
meters is allowed.
- Pulse Meter Number: DNP3 label associated with the counter. Each time a new DNP3
Meter is enabled, this value is established by default at the first free value for meters.
The user can change it in order to give it the desired value. Two magnitudes cannot be
labeled with the same DNP3 Meter Number.

Valid Range: 0-19


Default value: First free number (not used, starting with 0)

- Change in DNP3 Counter: states whether a change in the counter value is to be


annotated as a change (box checkmarked) so that that new value is located above or
below the defined band. The band is defined as percentage of the rated value and is
adjustable from the Zivercomplus. A maximum of 16 signals as DNP3 Meter changes
can be configured.

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Pressing the List tab


transfers you to the page
listing the set of signals
labeled as DNP3 Meters,
together with their
associated parameters.
As indicated earlier,
everything that is
configured in the Detail
tab can be configured in
the List tab. To add or
delete counters, simply
select the appropriate
menu option that is
displayed when right-
clicking the mouse.

The List and Detail field


matches are as follows:

Signal Available signal that is a DNP3 meter


DNP3 N Meter number
Change Change in DNP3 meter

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3.7 Communications

3.7.3.f Analog DNP3 Output Writings (Profile I)


This screen (see following figures) allows to configure analog output writings to be transmitted
through communications for protocol DNP3.

Fields shown on the Detail screen are as follows:

- Writing on
Command: this
option is selected
to show to the
right of the
controls the list
of analog
command
elements defined
in the
configuration as
well as actions
defined for each
element.
- Writing on
Signal: this
option is selected
to show to the right of the controls the list of analog signal types as well as signals
defined for each type.
- Command Element: this drop down control is only shown when selecting the
'Command on element' option. A list with all analog command elements defined in the
configuration will be shown. For more information on command elements see section
Commands. A drop down list will be filled with the 'Available Commands' for the
selected element and the detail area controls will be updated.
- Available Commands: list of actions of the analog command element selected in
'Command Element' control. Detail area controls are updated as a function of the
selected command.
- Type of Signal: drop-down list containing groups of signals into which all analog signals
available for the equipment are grouped. For more information see section Types of
Signals. The list of available signals will depend on the selected group.
- Available Signals: list of equipment analog signals (magnitudes) belonging to the
group selected in 'types of Signal'. Signals that can be configured as analog output
writings are all those defined in the equipment plus those defined by the user pertaining
to the configuration, not being yet connected to a protection value or from the logic.
- Output Writing: this selection checkbox states whether the signal or selected analog
command element action is tagged as Analog Output Writing DNP3 (box checkmarked)
or not (empty checkbox). A maximum of 256 analog output writings DNP3 are allowed.
A new analog writing is created by checking the box and deleted by unchecking.

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- DNP3 Number: DNP3 Tag associated to the analog output writing. Any time a new
DNP3 output writing is created, this value will be established by default to the first free
output value. It can be user modified with the wanted value. Two analog output writings
may not be tagged with the same analog DNP3 writing number.

Validity Range: 0-255.


Default Value: first 'free' number (not used starting from 0).

- As a Function of the Primary Value: States whether the measurement value is sent
as a function of the primary value (box checkmarked) or the secondary (default value,
empty checkbox).

The parameters to be used for the calculation of analog output writing received through
communications are as follows:

- Offset: offset of analog output writing.


- Upper Limit: in principle it is the full scale of the analog output writing.
- As a Function of Rated Value: this checkbox states whether analog writing calculation
is made as a function of rated signal value (box checkmarked) or not (empty checkbox).
Different formulas will be shown depending on whether calculation data in the lower part
is checkmarked or not.

Necessary equations for the calculation of measurements received through communications are
as follows:

- As a function of the rated value:

(Measurement offset) 32767


MeasurementsComs
RatedValue limit

- Irrespective of the rated value:

32767
MeasurementsComs (Measurement offset)
limit

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3.7 Communications

Pressing on tab tagged


as List displays the
screen that lists the set
of signals tagged as
DNP3 analog output
writing, together with the
associated parameters.
As already stated, all that
has been configured in
the Detail screen can be
configured in the List
screen. Signals tagged
as Output Writings can
be added or deleted by
just pressing the right
mouse button and
selecting the desired
option, as stated in
section List Page, or
else, unchecking the
DNP3 box for each
signal.

The connection between fields in the List page and Detail page is as follows:

Signal DNP3 Analog Output Available Signal


DNP3 Writing Output
ISS No DNP3 Number
Offset Offset
Limit Upper Limit
Rated F. As a function of rated value
Primary As a function of primary value

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3.7.3.g DNP3 Analog Output Writings (Profile II)


Analog output writings transmitted through communications, for protocol DNP3, are configured
in this screen (see following figures).

Detail screen shows the following fields:

- Writing on Command: this option is selected to show to the right of the controls the list
of analog command elements defined in the configuration as well as actions defined for
each element.
- Writing on Signal: this option is selected to show to the right of the controls the list of
analog signal types as well as signals defined for each type.
- Command Element: this drop down control is only shown when selecting the
'Command on element' option. A list with all analog command elements defined in the
configuration will be shown. For more information on command elements see section
Commands. A drop down list will be filled the 'Available Commands' for the selected
element and the detail area controls will be updated.
- Available Commands: list of actions of the analog command element selected in
'Command Element' control. Detail area controls are updated as a function of the
selected command.
- Type of Signal: drop down list containing groups of signals into which all analog signals
available for the equipment are grouped. For more information see section Types of
Signals. The list of available signals will depend on the selected group.
- Available Signals: list of equipment analog signals (magnitudes) belonging to the
group selected in 'types of Signal'. Signals that can be configured as analog output
writings are all those defined in the equipment plus those defined by the user pertaining
to the configuration, not being yet connected to a protection value or from the logic.
- Output Writing: this selection checkbox states whether the signal or selected analog
command element action is tagged as Analog Output Writing DNP3 (box checkmarked)
or not (empty checkbox). A maximum of 64 analog output writings DNP3 are allowed. A
new analog writing is created by checking the box and deleted by unchecking.
- DNP3 Number: DNP3 Tag associated to the analog output writing. Any time a new
DNP3 output writing is created, this value will be established by default to the first free
output value. It can be user modified with the wanted value. Two analog output writings
may not be tagged with the same analog DNP3 writing number.

Validity Range: 0-63.


Default Value: first 'free' number (not used starting from 0).

- As a Function of the Primary Value: states whether the measurement value is sent as
a function of the primary value (box checkmarked) or the secondary (default value,
empty checkbox). This flag is only meaningful for writings associated to static
magnitudes (relay magnitudes) as user magnitudes always have a 1:1 transformation
ratio (TR = 1).

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Parameters for the calculation of measurements transmitted through communications are:

- Offset: offset of analog output writing. Always expressed in measurement secondary


units. It is irrespective of the flags "Rated value measurement" or "Primary value
measurement ".
- Maximum value: in principle, it is the measurement full scale. Values depend on the
activated flags. Expressed in:
o Secondary units when there are no active flags.
o Times the rated value if flag "as a function of the rated value" is active.
o Primary units if flag "as a function of the primary value" is active.
o Times the primary rated value if both flags are active.
- As a Function of the Rated Value: This selection checkbox states whether the analog
writing calculation is a function of the signal rated value (box checkmarked) or not
(empty checkbox). Different formulas will be shown depending on whether calculation
data in the lower part is checkmarked or not.
- As a function of the Primary Value: states whether the analog output writing is a
function of the primary value (box checkmarked) or secondary (default value, empty
checkbox).

The user can modify these parameters to transmit through communication the desired value.
First, establish whether the analog output writing is sent as measurement value or as
percentage of the maximum value.

General equations for the calculation of analog output writing transmitted through
communications are:

- Percentage communications measurement value:

TR ( Measurement offset )
MeasurementsComs (ComsMaxValue)
Vn MaxValue

- Engineering unit communications measurement value:

TR
MeasurementsComs ( Measurement offset ) ( MultiplierFactor)
Vn

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Where:

TR: Transformation Ratio.


Vn: rated value.
ComsMaxValue: maximum value to be transmitted through communications. For
example, if measurement request is made in 16 bits "ComsMaxValue" would be 2^15-1.
If request is made in 32 bits (higher precision) this value would be 2^31-1.

If flag As a Function of The Primary Value is not active, in formulas, the value TR would be
considered as "1".
If flag As a Function of The Rated Value is not active, in formulas, the value Vn would be
considered as "1".

Pressing on tab tagged as List displays the screen that lists the set of signals tagged as DNP3
Analog Output Writing, together with the associated parameters. As already stated, all that
has been configured in the Detail screen can be configured in the List screen. Signals tagged
as Output Writings can be added or deleted by just pressing the right mouse button and
selecting the desired option, as stated in section List Page, or else, unchecking the DNP3 box
for each signal.

The connection between fields in the List page and Detail page is as follows:

Signal DNP3 Analog Output Available Signal


DNP3 Writing Output
ISS No DNP3 Number
Offset Offset
Max. Value Maximum Value
Rated F. As a function of rated value
Primary As a function of primary value

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3.7 Communications

3.7.4 MODBUS Protocol


This option of the Communications menu opens a new submenu with the options the equipment
allows to be configured for this protocol. By selecting the desired submenu option, you can
access the screens for configuring the Inputs and Outputs, Commands, Metering Values and
Meters for communication via the MODBUS protocol.

3.7.4.a Inputs and Outputs


This screen lets you
configure the digital
signals that will be
considered ModBus
Inputs or Outputs.

The fields shown in the


Detail screen are:

- Signal Type:
drop-down list
containing the
groups of signals
containing all the
equipment's
digital signals.
For more
information, see
section Signal
Types. The list of available signals will depend on the selected group.
- Available Signals: list of digital equipment signals belonging to the selected group in
'signal type'. Signals that can be configured as Modbus Inputs and outputs include all
equipment-defined signals and user-defined signals that are included in the
configuration. Note that a signal cannot be labeled as an input and an output at the
same time.
- Inputs Starting Address: starting address for all Modbus Inputs. Signals labeled as
Modbus Inputs will take consecutive values starting with this value.
- Outputs Starting Address: starting address for all ModBus Outputs. Signals labeled
as ModBus Outputs will take consecutive values starting with this value.
- Modbus Signal: this checkbox indicates whether the selected signal is labeled as a
Modbus Input or output (checkbox marked) or not (no marks in checkbox). By default,
it is enabled as a Modbus Input. A maximum of 1024 Modbus Inputs and 1024
Modbus Outputs is allowed.
- Input, Output: control for the type of label assigned to the selected signal. A signal
cannot be labeled simultaneously as a Modbus Input and a Modbus Output.

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- Modbus Address: Modbus label associated with the input or output signal. For the
Modbus protocol, the communication labels given to these signals have to be
consecutive. If the user edits the Modbus number value and gives it a value that was
already assigned to another signal, then the new value will be assigned and the other
values are shifted to avoid leaving 'gaps'. Each time a new Modbus signal is enabled,
this value is established by default at the first free value from the starting address for
the signal type (Modbus input or output).

Valid Range for Inputs: from the starting address to (starting address + max
number of enabled inputs -1).
Valid Range for Outputs: from the starting address to (starting address + max
number of enabled outputs -1).
Default Value: first free number beginning with the starting address.

Pressing the List tab


transfers you to the page
listing the set of signals
labeled as Modbus
Inputs or Outputs,
together with their
associated parameters.
As indicated earlier,
everything that is
configured in the Detail
tab can be configured in
the List tab. To add or
delete signals labeled as
Inputs or Outputs, simply
right-click the mouse
button and select the
desired option, as
indicated for the List
Page.

The List and Detail field matches are as follows:

Signal Available signals marked as Modbus Inputs or Outputs


Modbus No Modbus address
Type Inputs and Outputs

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3.7 Communications

3.7.4.b Commands
This screen lets you configure the commands that will be sent via communications for the
Modbus protocol.

The commands that can be operated through communications are those actions that were
configured when defining the different command elements. For more information about the
command elements or their associated actions, see section Commands.

The fields shown in the Detail screen are:

- Command Element: drop-down list with the command elements defined in the
configuration. The command element is completely user-configurable and can represent
any kind of command, e.g. from a signal up to a breaker. For more information about
the command elements, see section Commands. When a specific command element is
selected, the list in the control immediately below the element should be updated with
the available actions for that element. This list does not include those command
elements that have been defined without any associated actions.
- Available Commands: List with the set of available actions for the element selected in
the previous list.
- Command Number: This checkbox indicates whether the selected order is labeled as a
Modbus Command (checkbox marked) or not (no marks in checkbox). A maximum of
1024 Modbus commands is allowed.
- Order Number: Modbus command label associated with the order for sending via
communications.

Valid Range: 0-1023.


Default Value: First free number (not used, starting with 0.

The order number does not have to be unique. Orders associated with the same
Modbus label can exist, provided the COILS do not coincide. For example, the same
order number can be used for two actions, as long as one of them has the COIL set to
ON and the other has it set to OFF. The configuration module will be capable of making
this change when the user decides to use the same Modbus order number. However, it
will not allow both an order's number and parameters to match another's. If the user
tries to perform this operation, the module will not allow it, displaying a warning
reminding the user of the reason for this prohibition.

- COIL: Identification of the order type to allow double commands. Valid values are ON
and OFF. As noted in the previous point, two orders or labels with the same Modbus
number and COIL cannot coexist.

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Pressing the List tab


switches you to the page
listing the set of
command actions
labeled as Modbus
commands, together with
their associated
parameters.

As indicated earlier,
everything that is
configured in the Detail
tab can be configured in
the List tab.

The List and Detail field


matches are as follows:

Element Command Element


Command Available orders
Modbus Modbus command
Modbus No Order number
COIL COIL

New orders cannot be included in this list, since all orders have to be associated with the
defined command elements. To enable the order as a Modbus Command, activate the
checkbox marked Modbus, just like in the List area. To make the order a non-Modbus
command, deactivate the checkbox.

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3.7.4.c Metering Values


This screen lets you
configure the metering
values that will be sent
via communications for
the Modbus protocol.
The fields shown in the
Detail screen are:

- Metering Value
Starting
Address:
starting address
for all ModBus
measurements.
The magnitudes
labeled as
Modbus
Measurements
will take
consecutive
values starting
with this value.
- Signal Type: drop-down list with the groups of signals containing all the equipment's
analog signals, i.e. the magnitudes, which will be available in the equipment. For more
information, see section Signal Types. The list of available signals will depend on the
selected group.
- Available Signals: list of analog equipment signals (magnitudes) belonging to the
selected group in 'signal type'. Signals that can be configured as measurements include
all equipment-defined signals and user-defined signals that are included in the
configuration.
- Modbus Metering Value: this checkbox indicates whether the selected signal is labeled
as a Modbus measurement (checkbox marked) or not (no marks in checkbox). A
maximum of 256 Modbus measurements is allowed.
- Metering Value: Modbus label associated with the measurement. Each time a new
Modbus Measurement is enabled, this value is established by default at the first free
value for measurements. For the Modbus protocol, the communications labels given to
these signals have to be consecutive. If the user edits the Modbus Number value and
gives it a value that was already assigned to another signal, then the new value will be
assigned and the other values are shifted to avoid leaving 'gaps'. Two magnitudes
cannot be labeled with the same Modbus Measurement Number.

Valid Range: starting address (max. no. of measurements enabled + starting


address - 1)
Default value: first free number (not used, starting with the starting address for
the measurements).

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Parameters for calculating the measurement to be sent via communications:

- Offset: offset of the measurement.


- Maximum Limit: taken initially from the bottom of the measurement scale.
- Dependent on Rated Value: this checkbox indicates whether the measurement
calculation is going to be performed depending on the signal's nominal value (checkbox
marked) or not (no mark). One formula or another will be displayed depending on
whether or not the calculation information at the bottom of these parameters is marked.

The user can change the value of these parameters to send the desired value via
communications. For example, if the user wishes to send the measurement value directly (not in
accounts), this value can be set at 32767, and the operation not be performed depending on the
nominal value. Thus, using the second formula, the value sent via communications is the
measurement value (considering offset 0) directly.

Equations for calculating the measurement to be sent via communications:

- Depending on the nominal value:

(Measurement offset) 32767


MeasurementComs
RatedValue limit

- Regardless of the nominal value:

32767
MeasurementComs (Measurement offset)
limit

Pressing the List tab transfers


you to the screen listing the set of
signals labeled as Modbus
measurements, together with
their associated parameters. As
indicated earlier, everything that
is configured in the Detail tab can
be configured in the List tab. To
add or delete measurements,
simply select the appropriate
menu option that is displayed
when right-clicking the mouse.

The List and Detail field matches


are as follows:

Signal Available signal that is a Modbus measurement


Modbus No Measurement number
Offset Offset
Limit Upper Limit
Rated F. Depending on the rated value

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3.7.4.d Meters
This screen lets you
configure the counters
that will be sent via
communications for the
ModBus protocol.

The fields shown in the


Detail screen are:

- Metering Values
Starting
Address:
starting address
for all ModBus
counters. The
magnitudes
labeled as
ModBus Meters
will take consecutive values starting with this value.
- Signal Type: drop-down list with the groups of signals containing all the equipment's
analog signals, i.e. the magnitudes, which will be available in the equipment. For more
information, see section 5.2.6.b, Signal types. The list of available signals will depend
on the selected group.
- Available Signals: list of analog equipment signals (magnitudes) belonging to the
selected group in 'signal type'. Signals that can be configured as counters include all
equipment-defined signals and user-defined signals that are included in the
configuration.
- Modbus Meter: this checkbox indicates whether the selected signal is labeled as a
ModBus Meter (checkbox marked) or not (no marks in checkbox). A maximum of 256
ModBus Meters is allowed.
- Pulse Meter Number: ModBus label associated with the counter. Each time a new
ModBus Meter is enabled, this value is established by default as the first free value for
counters from the starting address. The user can change it in order to give it the desired
value. For the ModBus protocol, the communications labels given to these signals have
to be consecutive. If the user edits the Modbus Number Value and gives it a value that
was already assigned to another signal, then the new value will be assigned and the
other values are shifted to avoid leaving 'gaps'. Two magnitudes cannot be labeled with
the same ModBus counter number.

Valid Range: starting address to (starting address + max no. of counters enabled
- 1).
Default value: first free number (not used, starting with the starting address for
the counters).

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Pressing the List tab


transfers you to the page
listing the set of analog
signals labeled as
ModBus counters,
together with their
associated parameters.
As indicated earlier,
everything that is
configured in the Detail
tab can be configured in
the List tab. To add or
delete counters, simply
select the appropriate
menu option that is
displayed when right-
clicking the mouse.

The List and Detail field matches are as follows:

Signal Available Signal that is Modbus Counter


Modbus No Meter number

3.7.4.e Analog Output Writings ModBus


Analog output writings transmitted through communications for ModBus protocol are configured
in this screen.

Detail screen shows the following fields:

- Output Analogue Writings Starting Address: starting address for all analog output
writings. Analog magnitudes or actions tagged as ModBus Analog Output Writings
will take consecutive values starting from this value.
- Command over Element: this option is selected to show to the right of the control both
analog command elements defined in the configuration and actions defined for each
element.
- Command over Analogue Sign: this option is selected to show to the right of the
controls the list of analog signal types as well as signals defined for each type.
- Command Element: this drop down control is only shown when selecting the
'Command on element' option. A list with all analog command elements defined in the
configuration will be shown. For more information on command elements see section
Commands. A drop down list will be filled with the 'Available Commands' for the
selected element and the detail area controls will be updated.
- Available Commands: list of actions of the analog command element selected in
Command Element control. Detail area controls are updated as a function of the
selected command.

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- Signal Type: Drop down list containing groups of signals into which all analog signals
available for the equipment are grouped. For more information see section Types of
Signals. The list of available signals will depend on the selected group.
- Available Signals: List of equipment analog signals (magnitudes) belonging to the
group selected in 'types of Signal'. Signals that can be configured as analog output
writings are all those defined in the equipment plus those defined by the user pertaining
to the configuration, not being yet connected to a protection value or from the logic.
- Output Writing: This selection checkbox states whether the signal or selected analog
command element action is tagged as ModBus Analog Output Writing (box
checkmarked) or not (empty checkbox). A maximum of 256 ModBus analog output
writings are allowed. A new analog writing is created by checking the box and deleted
by unchecking.
- ModBus Number: ModBus Tag associated to the analog output writing. Any time a new
MODBUS output writing is created, this value will be established by default to the first
free output value from the starting address, for analog output writings. It can be user
modified with the wanted value. In the case of ModBus protocol, signal communications
tags must be consecutive. If the user modifies the ModBus number and gives one
already allocated to other signal, the new value will be allocated the rest of the values
being offset so as not to leave 'gaps'. Two analog output writings may not be tagged
with the same analog ModBus writing number.

Validity range: beginning direction + 0-255


Default value: first 'free' number (not used starting from 0)

- As a Function of the Primary Value: states whether the measurement value is sent as
a function of the primary value (box checkmarked) or the secondary (default value,
empty checkbox).

The parameters to be used for the calculation of analog output writing received through
communications are as follows:

- Offset: offset of analog output writing.


- Maximum Limit: in principle it is the full scale of the analog output writing.
- Dependent on Rated Value: this selection checkbox states whether analog writing
calculation is made as a function of rated signal value (box checkmarked) or not (empty
checkbox). Different formulas will be shown depending on whether calculation data in
the lower part is checkmarked or not.

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Equations for the calculation of measurements transmitted through communications:

- As a function of the rated value:

(Measurement offset) 32767


MeasurementComs
RatedValue limit

- Irrespective of the rated value:

32767
MeasurementsComs (Measure offset)
limit

Pressing on tab tagged as List displays the page that lists the set of signals tagged as Modbus
Analog Output Writing, together with the associated parameters. As already stated, all that
has been configured in the Detail screen can be configured in the List screen.

Signals tagged as Output Writings can be added or deleted by just pressing the right mouse
button and selecting the desired option, as stated when dealing with the List Page, or else,
unchecking the ModBus box for each signal.

The List and Detail field matches are as follows:

Signal Available signal that is Output Writing (Analog)


Modbus Output writing
ISS No ModBus Number
Offset Offset
Limit Upper limit
Rated F. Depending on the rated value

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3.7.5 61850 Protocol


This Communications menu option displays a new submenu with the configurations available
for this protocol. Selecting the desired option from the submenu (see next figure) displays
screens where CALH, GENGGIO, SIMG, XCBR, XSWI, CSWI, RFTL, MCXL, LPHD,
TGOGGIO, IHMI, MMTR, nodes can be configured.

Depending on the node version supported by the equipment profile, more or less attributes can
be configured. Version not configurable attributes will not be displayed on configuration screens.
Node data will be detailed in the following sections. The more complete node versions will be
shown.

Prior to detailing nodes, validity configuration and detail, generally applied to most of the
different attributes of nodes of protocol 61850, will be described.

3.7.5.a Validity Configuration


Protocol 61850 allows knowing the validity of the values of the different attributes constituting
the nodes, as well as the reason why the value of an attribute is not valid any more. The way to
configure this "validity" is common for all attributes. As with the validity, the reasons why an
attribute is not valid any more can be configured. In principle, IEC 61850 standard considers the
following non-validity reasons (61850-7-3; 6 Common data attribute types):

Overflow Failure
OutOfRange OldData
BadReference Inconsistent
Oscillatory Inaccurate

For details on the validity


associated to attributes
representing statuses
(related to digital
signals), configuration of
following details:
BadReference,
Oscillatory, Failure,
OldData and Inconsistent
will be possible.

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For details on the validity


associated to attributes
representing statuses
(related to digital
signals), configuration of
all details defined in the
standard will be possible

Clicking on the validity checkbox or grid detail list checkboxes, displays a signal selection dialog
box defined in section Signal Selection. This dialog box contains both equipment signals and
signals created in the configuration.

3.7.5.b CSWI Node


As shown below, data for
equipment Switch
Controller structure and
associated CILO nodes
are configured in this
screen.

Fields shown on the


Detail screen are:

- Node Attributes
o CSWI
Number:
CSWI node
number
used as its
single
identification
within the system.
o Prefix: prefix used to form the single identifier of the system node.
o Description: node description.
- Status and CILO Control Data: they are configured in different tabs. CILO is not a
CSWI Node control element, but other protocol node, its data being related to CSWI
node control element, hence its configuration together with this node and not regardless
of it.

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- POS: CSWI control data:


Control tab:
o CtlVal and Description: command element and description. Logic command
element on which the command is executed.
o Command Failed Time and Description: setting stating the time delay after
which the command is considered failed, if the applicable command execution
confirmation has not been received.
o Action mask: masks for the execution permit of command element actions
selected as 'ctlval' as a function of the command source and of whether the
command is ON or OFF. Sources addressed in the standard are listed in the grid.
State tab:
o State to ON and OFF: statement of the command state to ON and OFF (value with
which to fill stval in the DPC structure). These data may be configured from the
statuses defined into the logic element associated to Ctlval or else directly from
digital signals.
o Validity. The validity is configured as stated in section Validity Configuration.
- ACT:
configuration of
CSWI state data.

Digital signals
and descriptions
representing the
statuses below
are configured in
this section:

o Close-to-open operation in progress.


o Open-to-close operation in progress.
o Successful close-to-open operation.
o Successful open-to-close operation.
o Failed close-to-open operation.
o Failed open-to-close operation.

To configure the ACT types shown in the previous screen, just select with the mouse
(click on it) the desired checkbox in the Signal column. Now the signal selection dialog
box defined in section Signal Selection. This dialog contains both equipment signals
and signals created in the configuration.

ACT description is directly configured writing on the applicable grid box.

Pressing the applicable grid button (tagged 'Validity') displays the ACT validity
configuration screen.

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- CILO: for
every CSWI
there can be
one node
containing
data on CSWI
locks and
permits. The
same as for
the rest of
protocol
61850 nodes,
its
identification number (CILO number), prefix and description must be configured.
Then, opening and closing permits are configured. Furthermore, up to 16 general
locks are allowed.

Blockings can be configured, as for ACTs configuration, by just selecting with the
mouse the desired checkbox in Block column. Then the following dialog boxes may
be displayed:

o If the selected checkbox corresponds to opening or closing permits, the dialog


box for signal selection defined in section Signal Selection will be displayed.
This dialog box contains both equipment signals and signals created in the
configuration.
o If the selected checkbox corresponds to one of the general locks, the dialog box
for logic element lockout selection will be displayed as shown in the following
screen.

The blockings list will


be filled with the set of
locks defined for the
logic element selected
in the first list.

Returning to the
general CSWI Node
screen, pressing the
tab tagged List
displays the page with
the list of CSWI node
set defined in the
relay together with
main node data. In
this case the List
page is only used for
information.

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3.7.5.c XCBR
Node
Data for the definition of
relay Circuit Breaker
physical structure can be
configured in this screen,
shown below.

The following data can


be configured:

- General Node
Data
o XCBR
Number:
XCBR
number
used as its single identification within the system.
o Prefix: prefix used to form the single identifier of the system node.
o Description: node description.

- Control data: the POS attribute of XCBR structure is a DPC (Double Point Controllable)
type attribute. It is configured in the following way:
o POS: CSWI control data:
Control tab::
CtlVal and Description: command element and description. Logic command
element on which the command is executed. The element is selected from the
drop down list containing all logic elements defined in the configuration.
State tab:
State to ON and OFF: Statement of the command state to ON and OFF (value
with which to fill stval in the DPC structure). It can be represented from the
statuses defined in the logic element or else through the value of the configured
digital signal. The desired value is selected from the drop down list if it depends
on the statuses of the logic element; on the contrary, if it depends on the digital
signal, pressing the applicable checkbox displays a dialog box for signal
selection defined in section Signal Selection. This dialog box contains both
equipment signals and signals created in the configuration.
Validity. The validity is configured as stated in section Validity Configuration.
- Attributes:
o Local operation.
o Operations counter (OpCnt): INS type attribute (Integer 32 status). Represents
the magnitude stored by the operations counter. All attributes have a structure field
for description.
o Open lockout.
o Close lockout.
o Operation capacity (OpCap): INS type attribute (Integer 32 status). Represents
the magnitude stored by the breaker operation capacity. All attributes have a
structure field for description.

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For every attribute, pressing the applicable checkbox displays the signal selection dialog
box defined in Signal Selection. For attributes OpCnt and OpCab the signal selection dialog
box contains both equipment magnitudes and magnitudes created in the configuration. For
the rest of the attributes, the dialog contains all equipment and configuration digital signals.

3.7.5.d XSWI Node


Node to model the status of equipment breakers.

Data configured in this screen are practically the same as those configured for XCBR node to
model the breaker status. The main difference lies in that in this case the status attributes that
can be configured are:

- Local Operation.
- Operations counter (OpCnt).
- Open lockout.
- Close lockout.

For more information refer to the previous section XCBR Node.

3.7.5.e MCXL
Node
Node to control analog
signal values. It is
configured in the screen
to the right.

The following data can


be configured:

- General Node
Data
o MCXL
Number:
MCXL node
number
used as its
single identification within the system.
o Prefix: prefix used to form the single identifier of the system node.
o Description: node description.
- SPS - Status Data
o StVal and description: states whether the signal has ever reached the maximum
allowable level and never dropped below the minimum. To define the value,
pressing on the applicable box displays the signal selection dialog defined in
section Signal Selection. This dialog contains both equipment digital signals and
signals created in the configuration.
o Validity. The validity is configured as stated in section Validity Configuration.

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- Settings: Node settings configuration for status calculation:


o Operation Time Delay (OpDITmms): Operation time delay setting. Minimum time
that the magnitude value must stay above or below the settings to activate or
deactivate the output signal.
o Change in Low Level (MinStrVal): Minimum measurement limit. If the
measurement stays below this value for a given time, the node status signal resets.
o Change in High Level (MaxStrVa): Maximum measurement limit. If the
measurement stays above this value for a given time, the node status signal
activates.

Clicking the setting


configuration box
displays the setting
selection dialog box
shown in the screen
below:

This dialog box shows


the settings defined in
the configuration
arranged as a function of
the their group.

3.7.5.f RFTL
Node
RFTL node is used for
modeling voltage reset
devices after line voltage
failure. Node modeling
data can be configured in
this screen.

The following data can


be configured:

- General Node
Data
o RFTL
Number:
RFTL node
number used for single identification within the system.
o Prefix: prefix used to form the single identifier of the system node.
o Description: node description.
- AUTO - Control Data: the AUTO attribute of RFTL structure is a SPC (Single Point
Controllable) type attribute stating if the device is connected or not. It is configured as
follows:
Control tab:
o CtlVal and Description: command element and description. Logic command
element on which the command is executed. The element is selected from the drop
down list containing all logic elements defined in the configuration.

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Status Tab:
o Status: States the element status (value with which stval is filled in the SPC
structure). It can be represented from the statuses defined in the logic element or
through the value of the configured digital signal. The desired value is selected
from the drop down list if it depends on the statuses of the logic element; on the
contrary, if it depends on the digital signal, pressing the applicable checkbox
displays a dialog box for signal selection defined in section Signal Selection. This
dialog box contains both equipment signals and signals created in the
configuration.
o Validity. The validity is configured as stated in section Validity Configuration.
- Status Information: configuration of RFTL status data. In this "tab" screen are
configured the digital signals and descriptions representing the status of:
o Open command.
o Close command.
o Device status (ready, in progress, successful).
o Close lockout (activated or deactivated).
o Reset timer timed out (normal or alarm).
o Inconsistent voltage (normal or alarm).
o Busbar malfunction (normal or alarm).
o Line malfunction (normal or alarm).

For every
attribute (in the
Signal column),
pressing the
applicable
checkbox
displays the
signal selection
dialog box
defined in Signal
Selection. This
dialog box
contains both
equipment magnitudes and magnitudes created in the configuration, so that the digital
signal representing the attribute status can be selected. The description field can be
edited directly on the grid. Pressing the attribute 'validity' button displays the validity
screen described in section Validity Configuration.
- Settings: configuration of RFTL node settings. Settings list is:
o RS/RT Selector: Selector to state whether the device resets voltage or service. If
service is reset, the breaker is closed when busbar voltage is detected. If voltage is
reset, the breaker is closed when line voltage is detected. It is an ING type data
that can take the values rs, rt, rs/rt or none.
o VL Selector: Selector that determines the device operation as a function of busbar
and line voltage. When set to YES the device operates on presence of voltage at
both terminals. When set to NO the device operates on absence of voltage at one
terminal. This ING type data can take 3 values: YES, NO and Unknown.
o Trip on Absence of Voltage: If the setting takes the value YES a trip must be
generated on absence of voltage at the busbar or line. If it takes the value NO, no
trip is generated.

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o Time over (OverflTmms): states the maximum time in ms before operation of the
voltage reset device.
o Voltage Inconsistency Time: adjustable time setting after which it can be
considered there is voltage disagreement and the corresponding alarm can be
generated or the relay locks out. Voltages are construed to be inconsistent when
for a time greater than the inconsistency time, with the breaker closed, there is
absence of line voltage and presence of busbar voltage, or the opposite.
o Trip Condition Time: minimum time during which the trip conditions must be
maintained to generate the trip command.
o Reclose Condition Time: minimum time during which the reclose conditions must
be maintained to generate the reclose command.
o Voltage Absence Level: voltage level setting below which there is absence of
busbar or line voltage, provided it is below the setting at least for a minimum
adjustable time.
o Voltage Presence Level: voltage level setting above which there is presence of
busbar or line voltage, provided it is above the setting at least for a minimum
adjustable time.

Clicking the setting


configuration box
displays the setting
selection dialog dealt
with in the section above
for MCXL node.

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3.7.5.g MMTR
Node
Node used for energy
calculation in three
phase systems. It is
mainly used for
calculation of electricity
rates. Configurable data
are shown in the screen
below.

The following data can


be configured:

- General Node
Data
o MMTR
Number:
MMTR node number used as its single identification within the system.
o Prefix: prefix used to form the single identifier of the system node.
o Description: Node description.
- Measured Values: BCR (Binary Counter Reading) type attributes.
o Positive Active Energy (SupWh).
o Capacitive Reactive Energy (SupVArh).
o Negative Active Energy (DmdWh).
o Inductive Reactive Energy (DmdVArh).

Pressing the applicable energy box displays the magnitude (or analog signal) selection dialog
defined in section Signal Selection. This dialog contains both equipment magnitudes and
magnitudes created in the configuration.

Every energy configuration setting is associated to the pulse value and corresponding validity.

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3.7.5.h LPHD
Node
Node showing Physical
Device Information.

For this node only the


equipment status can be
configured to know
whether it is in the grid or
not.

This value is selected in the same way as any other digital signal: pressing the applicable box
displays the signal selection dialog defined in section Signal Selection. This dialog contains both
equipment signals and signals created in the configuration. The status validity can also be
configured.

3.7.5.i ATCC
ATCC (Automatic Tap
Changer Controller)
structure data can be
configured in this screen
(see figure) for setpoint
management.

The Detail screen shows


the following fields:

- General Node
Data
o ATCC
Number:
ATCC node
number
used for
single identification within the system.
o Prefix: prefix used to form the single identifier of the system node.
o Description: node description.
- Analog Setpoint Command
o Setpoint Commands and Description: analog command element and
description. Analog command element on which the command is executed. It is
used to place the setpoint in a given value.
o Sources: connection between possible protocol 61850 sources and the actions of
the analog command element configured as command to raise and lower the
setpoint.
Source: list containing possible sources contemplated for protocol 61850.
Action: action of the analog command element to be executed upon receipt of
the command from the associated source. Possible actions will be the actions
pertaining to the analog command element configured as setpoint command.

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- Digital Setpoint
Command
o Setpoint
Status and
Description
: status to
reflect the
setpoint
value.
o Setpoint
Control
Command:
command
on which to
act to raise
or lower the
setpoint.
o Sources:
connection between possible protocol 61850 sources and the actions of the analog
command element configured as setpoint command.
Actions: list of possible actions defined in the digital command used for
setpoint control.
Action Source Masks: permissible sources and commands must be stated
for every action. For example, the figure shows that for ORC-SUCO action the
box ON is checkmarked in 'from substation' input, namely, if the equipment
receives a command to On from the substation, the ORC-SUCO action of
'Raise-Lower Setpoint' command must be executed.
- Tap control.
The Tap control
is configured in
the same way
than digital
setpoint
commands.
o Tap status
and
Description
: status
where the
tap value is
reflected.
o Tap control
command:
command to
raise or
lower the
tap.
o Sources: connection between possible sources for protocol 61850 and the actions
of the digital command element configured as tap control command.
Actions: list with possible actions defined in the digital command used for tap
control.
Action Source Masks: permissible sources and commands must be stated
for every action. For example, the figure shows that for ORL-SUCO action the
box ON is checkmarked in 'local' input, namely, if the equipment receives a
local command to On, the ORL-SUCO action of 'Raise-Lower Tap' command
must be executed.

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3.7.5.j IHMI
Node used to describe
the 'Man-Machine'
interface. The figure
shows the data to be
configured.

- General Node
Data
o IHMI
number:
IHMI node
number used for single identification within the system.
o Prefix: prefix used to form the single identifier of the system node.
o Description: node description.
- Node Detail:
o Status in Box: attribute stating whether the equipment is on or not.

Pressing the box corresponding to the grid status displays the signal selection dialog defined in
section Signal Selection. This dialog contains both equipment digital signals and signals created
in the configuration.

The validity is configured as stated in section Validity Configuration.

3.7.5.k CALH
This node is used for
alarm and event
management. The figure
shows the data to be
configured.

- General Node
Data
o CALH
number:
CALH node number used for single identification within the system.
o Prefix: prefix used to form the single identifier of the system node.
o Description: node description.
- Node Detail: it has two attributes:
o Urgent Defect Alarm.
o Defect Alarm.

Pressing the box corresponding to the grid status displays the signal selection dialog box
defined in section Signal Selection. This dialog contains both equipment digital signals and
signals created in the configuration.

The validity is configured as stated in section Validity Configuration.

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3.7.5.l SIMG
Node used to supervise
the insulating gas (SF6).
The figure shows the
data to be configured.

- General Node
Data
o SIMG
Number:
SIMG node
number used for single identification within the system.
o Prefix: prefix used to form the node single identification in the system.
o Description: node description.
- Node Detail: It has two SPS type attributes:
o Gas Alarms Level 1: Critical gas level alarm
o Gas Alarms Level 2: Hazardous gas level alarm.

Pressing the box corresponding to the grid status displays the signal selection dialog box
defined in section Signal Selection. This dialog contains both equipment digital signals and
signals created in the configuration.

The validity is configured as stated in section Validity Configuration.

3.7.5.m GENGGIO
General node used for
inputs and outputs. The
general GGIO or
GENGGIO reflects the
status of single inputs.
The following figures
show the data to be
configured.

- General Node
Data
o GENGGIO
number:
GENGGIO
node
number
used for
single identification within the system.
o Prefix: prefix used to form the single identifier of the system node. "GEN" by
default.
o Description: node description.
- Node Detail: a maximum of 32 alarms and up to a maximum of 32 comments can be
configured.

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Pressing the box corresponding to the grid status displays the


signal selection dialog defined in section Signal Selection. This
dialog contains both equipment digital signals and signals
created in the configuration.

The validity is configured as stated in section Validity


Configuration.

Clicking the right button displays a pop-up menu to select


records, display screens for text replacement and modifying the
validity of all or only selected records

The screen to modify the


validity of several
attributes is the same
than the screen used to
modify only one attribute.
The only difference being
that there is an additional
control stating the extent
of the change: "Active
record ", "Selected" or
"All".

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3.7.5.n TGOGGIO and TGO2GGIO


General node used for inputs and outputs. TOGGGIO and TGO2GGIO reflect analog
measurement inputs, general single commands and goose outputs. The figures show the data
to be configured.

- Node Attributes
o TGOGGIO Number:
TGOGGIO or
TGO2GGIO node
number used for single
identification within the
system.
o Prefix: prefix used to
form the single identifier
of the system node.
"TGO" for TGOGGIO
node and "TGO2" for
TGO2GGIO node.
o Description: node
description.
- Node Detail. up to 32 single
commands and one goose
with a maximum of 32 outputs
can be configured.

Pressing the box


corresponding to the grid
status displays the signal
selection dialog defined in
section Signal Selection. This
dialog contains both
equipment digital signals and
signals created in the
configuration.

The same as for GENGGIO node, clicking the right button displays a pop-up menu to
introduce modifications in several records simultaneously.

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3.7.5.o YLTC
Node used for the Tap
Changer status. The
figure shows the data to
be configured.

- General Node
Data
o YLTC
Number: n
YLTC node
number used for single identification within the system.
o Prefix: prefix used to form the single identifier of the system node.
o Description: node description.
- Node Detail: it has the following attributes:
o Operations Counter.
o Tap Position Control.
o Top Tap Position Reached.
o Bottom Tap Position Reached.

Pressing the box corresponding to the grid status displays the signal selection dialog defined in
section Signal Selection. This dialog contains both equipment digital signals or magnitudes, as
a function of the attribute type, and signals created in the configuration.

The validity is configured as stated in section Validity Configuration.

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3.8 HMI

3.8.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................. 3.8-2


3.8.2 Commands............................................................................................................... 3.8-2
3.8.3 Events ...................................................................................................................... 3.8-3
3.8.4 User Defined HMI Screens ...................................................................................... 3.8-4
3.8.5 HMI Cyclical Screens ............................................................................................... 3.8-5
3.8.5.a HMI Available Screens ....................................................................................... 3.8-6
Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

3.8.1 Introduction
By selecting this menu option, you can access the screens for configuring the configuration data
to be displayed in the equipment's graphic HMI. The configurable data refer to Commands,
types of Events, HMI User Screens and HMI Lineal Screens.

3.8.2 Commands
This screen lets you
select the commands
that can be displayed
and handled from the
equipment's HMI.

The available orders for


this purpose are those
actions that were
configured when defining
each of the command
elements. By default,
none of the orders of
these command
elements will be
displayed in the
equipment HMI.

The fields shown in the Detail screen are:

- Command Element: drop-down list with all the command elements defined previously
in the configuration. For more information about the command elements, see section
Commands. When an element is selected, the lower list identified as Available orders is
updated with the data for the selected element.
- Available Orders: this drop-down list contains all the actions defined for the command
element selected in the previous list. The detail area parameters, in this case the
Appears in HMI checkbox, should be updated with the values established for the
selected order.
- Appears in HMI: this checkbox is marked for the selected order to be shown in the HMI
and for it to be operational from the HMI. A blank checkbox means the order will not be
shown in the HMI.

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The List section will


display a complete list of
the available command
elements in the
configuration and the
available orders for each
of these elements:

- Element:
command
element to which
the order shown
in the adjacent
column belongs.
- Order: action of
the command
element that can
be shown (or
not) in the HMI, and which can be executed (or not).
- HMI: checkbox indicating whether the selected order is shown in the equipment HMI
(checkbox marked) or not (no marks in checkbox).

In this case, when the right button is pressed, the pop-up menu with the New and Delete
options will not be displayed, since orders not belonging to any of the command elements
already defined in the configuration cannot be enabled. The new actions created for a command
element or the increase in number of command elements with actions are also enabled in this
list.

3.8.3 Events
This screen lets you configure which
types of events will be displayed in
the equipment HMI. In this case the
signals you wish to display are not
detailed; rather, it lets you configure if
the signals that generate events for a
specific protocol will (or won't) be
displayed in the HMI.

The fields shown on the screen are as


follows:

- Show Procome Events: if this checkbox is marked (checkbox marked), when an event
labeled as such for the Procome protocol is generated, the short text representing the
signal that generated the event is shown in the HMI.
- Show DNP3 Events: if this checkbox is marked (checkbox marked), when an event
labeled as such for the DNP3 protocol is generated, the short text representing the
signal that generated the event is shown in the HMI.

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3.8.4 User Defined HMI Screens


This screen allows
programming of the User
Defined HMI Screens,
which are divided in two
types: screens displaying
Digital Signals, and
screens displaying
Parameters.

As shown in the following


figure, the top line in the
screen displays the
option group with two
choices: Digital Signals
and Parameters. The
remaining controls of the
screen refer to the
selected type. It is not
possible to mix Digital
Signals and Parameters
in the same screen.

The fields shown in the top of the screen are:

- Screen Name: pull down menu including the screens of the selected type in the option
group labeled as Screen Type. The data (signals or parameters) shown on the grid will
depend on the option selected. It is possible to edit the list by changing the name of the
screen directly on the menu.
- New Screen: button to create a new screen of the selected type.
- Delete Screen: deletes the selected user defined screen from the list Screen Name.
- Organize Screens: opens the organizing window described in section Control Use.

The signals (or parameters) belonging to the user defined screen selected are displayed in the
lower portion of the screen. It is possible to modify the data included in the screen selecting the
signal or parameter with the mouse to open the corresponding signal selection window (see
section Signal Selection).

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3.8 HMI

The following options are available:

- New: includes a new signal or parameter depending on the screen type being
configured.
- Delete: removes a signal or parameter from the screen
- Modify: opens the corresponding signal selection window (see section Signal
Selection). If the selected screen is for Digital Signals the list of digital signals will be
displayed (protection and user defined). If the selected screen is for Parameters a list of
parameters without angles will be displayed. The second column (in the parameter
type) includes the corresponding angles to the signals in the left column. It is possible to
select these angles for modification.
- Organize: allows sorting the signals or parameters in the screen. Access to the
Organize Window (see section Control Use).

The data defined in these windows will be displayed in Zivercomplus in the status menu.

3.8.5 HMI Cyclical Screens


This screen defines the
HMI Cyclical Screens
that are displayed using
the F2 key on the IED
front panel.

There are two types of


cyclical screens, Default
and User Defined. The
user defined screens are
programmed according
to section HMI user
screens. The list on the
top displays the defined
screens in the order that
are displayed on the
HMI.

The options available are:

- Modify: access the window to create a new screen or remove exiting ones from the list.
- Organize: allows sorting the signals or parameters in the screen. Access to the
Organize Window (see section Control Use). The selected sequence can be accessed
using the F2 key in the IED front panel.

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3.8.5.a HMI Available Screens


This window displays the
complete listing of the
available screens
including default and
user defined screens.

The fields Title and Type


are for information
purposes. The verify HMI
checkbox allows to select
or remove screens from
the HMI sequence.

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3.9 Graphical HMI

3.9.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................. 3.9-2


3.9.2 Graphic Diagram Screens to be Shown .................................................................. 3.9-2
3.9.2.a Screens available for the Graphical HMI ............................................................ 3.9-3
3.9.3 User Graphic Diagrams ........................................................................................... 3.9-3
3.9.3.a Single Line Diagram Data Configuration ............................................................ 3.9-3
3.9.3.b Single Line Diagram Design ............................................................................... 3.9-7
3.9.3.c Import Single Line Diagram and Import Single Line Diagram Graphic Design .. 3.9-8
Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

3.9.1 Introduction
As shown in the screen below, from this menu option the screens for the configuration of the
equipment Graphical HMI can be displayed. The data to be configured are data related to
Graphic Diagram Screens to be Shown and User Graphic Diagrams.

3.9.2 Graphic Diagram Screens to be Shown


From this screen graphical screens to be displayed in the equipment graphical HMI as well as
the display sequence can be configured.

There are two types of


screens: Static screens
and User screens. Static
screens are equipment
default screens, whereas
User screens are the
screens defined in the
configuration and
analysed in the following
section. The list shows in
sequential order the
screens defined in the
configuration to be
displayed in the
equipment Graphical
HMI

The following operations can be performed on these screens:

- Modify: pressing this button displays the screen to create or delete screens on the
Graphical HMI list (see section below).
- Sort: used to sort out the graphical screens to be displayed. Displays the sorting dialog
box dealt with in section Controls Use. The sequence established will be the sequence
in which equipment Graphical HMI screens are displayed when pressing the INF key.

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3.9 Graphical HMI

3.9.2.a Screens available for the Graphical HMI


Screen with the complete
list of available screens,
considering both Static
screens and User
screens defined in the
configuration.

Title and Type fields are


only for information.
Through the HMI
checkbox the user can
create or delete screens
to be displayed in the
Graphical MMI.

3.9.3 User Graphic Diagrams


The configuration of graphical user screens is performed in two stages. First, the screen design
must be defined (graphical part) and then, screen element data must be configured so as to
display the correct status when sent to the equipment. Pressing the option User Graphic
Diagrams, displays the screen to configure element data. Pressing the New Single Line
Diagram button or from Modify Single Diagram in this screen displays the Single Line diagram
design screen.

3.9.3.a Single Line Diagram Data Configuration


From this screen user screen data to be displayed in the Graphical HMI of the equipment can
be configured: Single Line Diagrams, Alarm Lists, Measurement, Date and Time screens,
etc.

At the top of the screen


the general data of the
Single Line diagram or
graphical display are
defined. To the left, at
the centre of the dialog
box, the drawing and text
as shown in the graphical
display of the equipment
after the configuration is
sent will be displayed.
The information defining
the object selected will
be displayed to the right.

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- General Data of the Graphical Display (= Single Line diagram)


o Graphical Display Name: drop-down list containing the graphical displays defined
in the configuration until now. This list can be edited, so that the screen name can
be directly modified on the control.
- Single Line Diagram Controls
o New Single Line Diagram: with this button a new Single Line diagram (graphical
display) can be created and also display the Single Line diagram Design screen to
add the objects constituting the Single Line diagram.
o Modify Single Line Diagram: with this button the Single Line diagram Design
screen can be displayed to modify the existing Single Line diagram, creating new
objects, deleting others, moving objects, adding statuses, etc.
o Delete Single Line Diagram: deletes the graphical display selected in the list
Graphical Display Name of the User Screens.
o Import Single Line Diagram: used to import a complete graphical display, both
the design and object configuration data from other configuration. This button
displays the screen to import Single Line diagrams, described in section Command
Configuration.
o Sort Single Line Diagrams: displays the sorting dialog box dealt with in section
Use of the Controls.
- Object Definition: in this dialog area data of the object of the Single Line diagram
selected in the screen can be configured. The object selected is shown inside a green
frame. To select an object just press on it with the mouse. Objects without configuration
data will be shown inside a red frame.

Data to be configured depend on the type of the selected object. Apart from the base of the
Single Line Diagram, objects can be segregated into 4 types, which have no configuration data:

- Command type object.


- Status type object.
- Magnitude type object.
- Text type object.

The following data can be defined for these types of objects:

- Attributes: state whether the object is visible, can blink and, in the case of commands,
whether it is selectable. The attribute activates by checking the applicable box
(checkmarked).
- Blink Signal or Setting: if the 'blink' attribute is activated, activating this signal states
that the object must blink. It will cease when the signal deactivates. If the object is of
magnitude type, instead of a signal, the blink setting will define the time to blink.
Clicking a setting configuration box displays a dialog box for setting selection.

This dialog box shows the analog settings defined in the configuration sorted out as a
function of the group they belong to.

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Command Object
Command objects represent objects able to adopt a number of states varying from 1 to 16.
Furthermore they can be operated from graphical MMI provided object attributes are configured
as selectable, so that actions can be executed on it (for example, breaker opening or closing).

- Associated Logic Element: command element on which actions are executed and
from which the information defining its status at any time is obtained. The drop down list
shows all logic elements defined in the configuration.
- BMPs Associated to each Status: command type objects have the number of statuses
stated by the associated logic element. In grids the connection between object statuses
and the bmp shown in the graphical display must be established.

Grid Status-BMP shows the


connection mentioned above.
The status list can only be
modified changing the logic
element associated to the
command object; the BMPs is
a function of the bmps
selected when designing the
Single Line diagram (see
section Single Line diagram
Design).

To modify the Status-BMP connection, click the BMP associated to the status to be
modified. Then, the grid to the right identified as BMP is activated and the previous one
disabled, so that any of the bmps defined for the object can be selected, modifying the
connection mentioned and resetting the controls to the original enable / disable status.

- Actions associated to the Buttons: the front of a


equipment with graphical display is provided with 3
buttons to execute: , and actions, which
are normally associated to open, close and lock out
actions respectively.

The actions list will correspond to the logic element associated to the object. The
connection between actions and buttons is performed in the same way as described for
the statuses. Apart from the 3 front buttons, in the list of available buttons the
application shows one more button: , which is identified as 'not allocated'. This
button does not correspond to any front physical button, but is used to be associated to
those actions that cannot be executed locally from the equipment front.

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2 Status Type Object


The 2 status type object represents an object with two statuses depending on the value of the
signal to which it is associated (Deactivated= signal to 0; Activated = signal to 1). No action on
the object from the graphical HMI is possible, its status changes when the signal value changes.

- Associated Signal: it is configured as explained in section Signal Selection.


- BMPs Associated to each Status: a 2 status type object has 2 associated BMPs. In
grids the connection between object statuses as a function of the associated signal
value and the bmp shown in the graphical display must be established.

The Status-BMP grid shows


the connection mentioned
above. The status list is
always fixed, the BMPs list is
a function of the bmps
selected when designing the
Single Line diagram (see
section Single Line diagram
Design).

To modify the connection Status-BMP, click on the BMP associated to the status to be
modified. Then, the grid to the right identified as BMP is activated and the previous one
disabled, so that any of the bmps defined for the object can be selected, modifying the
connection mentioned and resetting the controls to the original enable / disable status.

Magnitude Type Object


- Associated Signal: It is configured as explained in section Signal Selection.
Text Type Object
- Text: used to modify the object text. Maximum number of characters allowed is 16.

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3.9.3.b Single Line Diagram Design


This section describes
how to design a new
Single Line diagram or
modify an existing one. It
is identified as 'design'
because it is the place
where the Single Line
diagram graphical part is
defined, namely, object
drawings and texts as
well as their position in
the display.

Apart from the object


types defined in the
section above
(Command Type, 2
Status Type, Magnitude
Type and Text Type),
the base type appears in the Single Line diagram design. The latter is not shown in the above
case as its data are not configurable. The base is always visible, it will be the display
background and will be represented by a single bmp not depending on any status.

The meaning and operation of the screen controls are as follows:

- Name: editable text. When a new Single Line diagram is created the application gives it
a default name that can be modified at any time by the user from this control.
- New Object: pressing this button creates the object type selected in the option selection
controls to the left of this control. If the type of object selected is magnitude or text type,
the object will be created in the position (0,0) of the Single Line diagram grid and with a
default text. If the type of data is status, command or base type the Windows Open
Image window is displayed to select an existing bmp. If a valid bmp is selected the
object will be created in the position (0,0) of the Single Line diagram grid. To modify the
object position in the grid and, thus, in the equipment display, just 'drag' the object with
the mouse to the new position or select the object modifying the numerical controls
tagged x and y, which represent the object coordinates as can be seen later on.
- Text: this control is enabled when selecting a text type or magnitude type object in the
Single Line diagram grid. Allows editing the text to be shown in the Single Line diagram.
Bear in mind that once the configuration has been sent out to the equipment the
magnitude object text edited will not be shown, but the associated magnitude value
together with the units instead.

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- BMPs for Object Statuses: set of BMPs that can represent the object. All selected
BMPs must be of one color and have the same size, as they are representing the same
object. Different BMPs will be shown as function of the object status at that time
according to the object configuration (subject dealt with in section Configuration of
Single Line diagram data). This control is only enabled for Command Type or 2 Status
Type Objects. Command Type objects must have at least one BMP to represent
them, whereas it is mandatory that 2 Status Type Objects have two BMPs, this being
the reason why New and Delete controls are disabled. One BMP can be modified by
pressing it twice consecutively. This displays the Windows Open Image window for the
user to select the new bmp.
- Coordinates x,y: show the position of the object within the display taking the box top
left corner as origin of coordinates. These coordinates are the coordinates of the top left
corner of the selected object, not of the center. The object can be moved across the
screen by modifying the value of these controls.
- Import Single Line Diagram: this button is enabled only when the screen is displayed
through the New Single Line diagram option. A graphic of a Single Line diagram created
in other configuration or a Single Line diagram saved using the old format (.cfg) can be
imported with this control. This function will be explained in more detail in the next
section.

Pressing the right mouse button on an object of the Single Line diagram grid displays a menu
with the following options:

- Delete object: selecting this option deletes the selected object. Before deleting the
object the program checks if it has been configured, in which case a warning will appear
stating that this action implies deleting the configured connections.
- Send to the Background: sends the object to the background so that what is
underneath can be visualized. Bear in mind that objects are opaque.

3.9.3.c Import Single Line Diagram and Import Single Line Diagram Graphic
Design
The application allows importing complete Single Line diagrams with object configuration data
or importing only the graphic design of the same. To import complete Single Line diagrams
press the button Import Single Line Diagram in the Single Line Diagram Configuration
screen. To import Single Line diagram graphics press the button Single Line Diagram Graphic
in the Single Line Diagram Design screen. In both cases, follow the procedure below:

Pressing the above-mentioned button displays the Windows file selection dialog box for the user
to select the configuration from which to import the Single Line diagrams (it must be born in
mind that if Single Line diagram graphics are imported two types of files can be imported:
configuration files (.cfp) or Single Line diagrams with format files (.cfg). In the latter case, the file
contains the information of only one Single Line diagram design, so that this Single Line
diagram design will be directly imported).

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The screen shows a list


with the description of all
available graphical
displays in the selected
configuration. As it is a
multiple selection list, the
user can select all the
Single Line diagrams to
be created in the working
configuration. For a
multiple selection keep
pressed the "Ctrl" key
while the desired controls
are selected with the
mouse.

If the name of any


imported Single Line
diagram coincides with the name of an existing Single Line diagram, the imported Single Line
diagram will be created modifying the identifier with the character '-' followed by a number, this
way avoiding duplicity of identifiers.

If Single Line diagrams are imported from the data configuration screen, configuration digital
signals, magnitudes or commands used to define Single Line diagram objects that do not
already exist in the configuration will be imported at the same time than Single Line diagrams
are imported. This type of information or any other information related to attributes, signals or
logic elements associated to the objects is not imported when importing Single Line diagram
design.

Any errors occurred during the import process will be displayed in the error screen at the end of
the import process.

This screen shows the


number of errors as well
as a brief description of
the same; this way the
user can know the
reasons why the Single
Line diagram could not
be imported or the
reason why the import
was not complete.

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Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

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3.10 Profile Descriptions

3.10.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................ 3.10-2


3.10.1.a Digital Signals ................................................................................................... 3.10-2
3.10.1.b Analog Signals .................................................................................................. 3.10-2
Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

3.10.1 Introduction
By selecting this menu option, you can access the screens for configuring the digital signal
descriptions and the magnitudes defined in the equipment's profile. These new descriptions will
be used to describe the signals both in the equipment (HMI short texts) and in Zivercomplus
and ZIVerlog.

3.10.1.a Digital
Signals
This screen lets you
configure the
descriptions used to
identify the digital
signals.

The fields shown in the


Detail screen are:

- Signal Type:
drop-down list
with the groups
of signals
containing all the
equipment's
digital signals,
without taking into account user-defined signals, which are included in the configuration.
For more information, see section Signal Types. The list of available signals will depend
on the selected group.
- Available Signals: list of digital equipment signals defined in the profile belonging to
the selected group in 'signal type'.
- Use Profile or User Descriptions: option group letting you indicate if the original profile
description or the user-defined description will be used.
- Description: text box showing the user description assigned to the digital signal for the
profile selected from the list. This box can be edited, i.e. the user can edit the
description.

The List section will show the complete list of digital signals whose descriptions have been
edited compared to the profile descriptions.

As with other list screens, the drop-down list can be accessed using the right button to select
from among the option to enable a new signal for editing or deleting an existing signal from the
list. The right column, user description, can be edited.

3.10.1.b Analog Signals


The configuration of the analog signal descriptions is the same as for digital signals, except that
only the profile's analog signals (magnitudes and angles) are shown. The screens and operating
method are identical. See section Digital Signals.

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3.11 Documentation

3.11.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................ 3.11-2


3.11.2 Reports .................................................................................................................. 3.11-2
3.11.3 Report Output Types.............................................................................................. 3.11-4
3.11.4 Report Parts ........................................................................................................... 3.11-5
Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

3.11.1 Introduction
This menu option access to the screen where the documentation for the current ZIVerlog
configuration is generated.

Selecting this menu option the


configuration is checked for changes
since the last time it was compiled. If
changes exist the user is notified and
given the option to compile aging the
configuration, since the compilation
checksums are included in the
documentation.

3.11.2 Reports
This menu option access
to the report
configuration tool.

There are different


reports available
depending on the user
profile.

Reports can be selected


in groups (left side
selection) or individually
(right side selection).

The available groups


with the reports included,
depend on the user
profile and are as
follows:

LOGIC:
General Logic
Inputs Logic
Outputs Logic
LEDs Logic
RESOURCES:
Control Digital Signals
Control Magnitudes
Settings
Commands

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3.11 Documentation

HMI:
HMI Configuration
Commands
User Screens
GRAPHIC HMI:
Graphic screens to display
User graphic displays
PROCOME:
Control Changes
Meterings
Counters
Commands
COTS
Events
Output Writings
Analogic Output Writings
DNP3:
Contacts
Meterings
Commands
Counters
MODBUS:
Inputs
Outputs
Meterings
Commands
Counters
CAN:
Control Changes
Commands
Output Writings
Changes Send Signals
Changes Reception Signals
61850:
CSWI
XCBR
XSWI
GAPC
MCXL
RFTL
MMTR
LPHD
CILO
PROFILE DESCRIPTIONS:
Digital Signals
Analogic Signals

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Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

In the left bottom corner the user can fill in the fields for Substation, Bay and Date (the date
default is the current date). These fields are included in the reports.

In the right bottom corner included the button Generate Reports. The report will be sent to the
screen, printer or file depending on the Output Type selected.

Those reports without


data in the configuration
are not generated. At the
end of the process a list
of the selected reports
that have not been
generated is displayed.

3.11.3 Report Output Types


There are three different
options for the report
generation:

- Screen: sisplays
a report preview.
A toll bar allows
navigating
through the
different pages in
the report and
includes a
printing option.
- Printer: reports
are sent directly
to the printer.

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3.11 Documentation

- File: this option allows saving the reports a


".doc" extension file. Depending on the
amount and complexity of the data this
operation can last several minutes. The
user needs to confirm this operation on the
pop-up window.

The default file name includes the configuration name, the character "_" and the
configuration version.

3.11.4 Report Parts


The report consists on three parts: header, details, and footer.

- Header:
o ZIV logotype.
o Date.
o Report Page.
o Report Title.
o Report Configuration and Version.
o Configuration Checksum.
o Installation, Substation, System, Etc.
o Position.
o Configuration Model.
- Details:
o Configuration Dates.
- Footer:
o Notes.
o Copyright.

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ZIV GRID AUTOMATION, S. L. Zamudio, 2011
Chapter 3. Managing Control Configurations

3.11-6
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ZIVercomPlus: Communications Program
ZIV GRID AUTOMATION, S. L. Zamudio, 2011
A. Oscillo Viewer

A.1 Introduction .................................................................................................................A-2


A.2 Structure of the Application ......................................................................................... A-2
A.3 Operational Modes...................................................................................................... A-3
A.4 Main Menu .................................................................................................................. A-4
A.4.1 File Menu .................................................................................................................... A-4
A.4.2 Edit Menu ....................................................................................................................A-4
A.4.3 View Menu .................................................................................................................. A-5
A.4.4 Tools Menu: Phasor Calculation ................................................................................. A-5
A.4.5 Configuration Menu..................................................................................................... A-6
A.4.6 Window Menu ............................................................................................................. A-6
A.4.7 Help Menu................................................................................................................... A-6
A.5 File Explorer ................................................................................................................ A-7
A.6 Channel Information.................................................................................................... A-8
A.6.1 Selecting Oscillos........................................................................................................ A-8
A.6.2 Selecting Graphs ........................................................................................................ A-8
A.6.3 Selecting Channels ..................................................................................................... A-9
A.7 Graphic Zone ............................................................................................................ A-10
A.7.1 Graphic Zone Tools Edition ...................................................................................... A-10
A.7.2 Zoom .........................................................................................................................A-10
A.7.3 Pan ............................................................................................................................ A-10
A.7.4 Information ................................................................................................................ A-10
Annex A. Oscillo Viewer

This Annex describes the functions of the Oscillo Viewer application and how to use them.

A.1 Introduction
The input data upon which the application works must be of the following formats:

- COMTRADE IEEE Std C37.111-1991 (ASCII).


- COMTRADE IEEE Std C37.111-1999 (ASCII).
- COMTRADE IEEE Std C37.111-1999 (binary).
- ZIV.

The application has a browser-like user interface for performing the following tasks:

- Treatment of files in 4 different formats according to the standards mentioned.


- Graphic representation of information captured in analog as well as digital channels.
- Analysis of these graphs.
- Phasor calculation.

A.2 Structure of the Application


From the user's point of
view, the application has
a browser-like structure
and is divided into 4
zones: menus and
summarized functions
(top zone), explorer for
selecting files (left
zone), channels
information zone
(displays of X and Y
values of the cursors in
the graphs) and oscillos
zone (graphic
representation and
handling of oscillos).

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Annex A. Oscillo Viewer

A.3 Operational Modes


There are 4 different ways to operate with the graphs of any oscillo. They are selected with the
2 buttons of the following figures:

Synchronized and Not overlaid.


Synchronized and Overlaid.
Not Synchronized and Not overlaid.
Not Synchronized and Overlaid.

Synchronized and Not Synchronized Mode


The application starts up in synchronized mode. In this mode, all the cursors of the graphs of an
oscillo move in synchronization. This means that, when any cursor of any graph of an oscillo in
synchronized operation mode is selected and dragged with the left mouse button, all the rest of
the cursors of that oscillo will move to the same X coordinate.

Synchronized mode changes to not synchronized mode when the synchronization button is
clicked.
Overlaid and Not Overlaid Modes
The application starts up in not overlaid mode. In this mode, each analog channel is shown in a
graph. In overlaid mode, every "n" analog channels are shown in a graph, where "n" is a
number configurable from the Language and channels submenu of the Settings menu.

Not overlaid mode changes to overlaid mode when the overlay button is clicked.

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Annex A. Oscillo Viewer

A.4 Main Menu


There are the followings options: File, Edit, View, Tools, Config. Options, Window and Help.

A.4.1 File Menu


- New: opens an empty oscillo, without
graphs
- Open: opens a File explorer to select a file.
- Close: closes the active oscillo and offers
the option of generating a new file with the
channels that it contains as long as the file
has been modified somehow Oscillos with
channels sampled at different frequencies
must have the same frequency at the
same instant in time; otherwise they
cannot be stored.
- Save: allows generating a file with ZIV or
COMTRADE (IEEE Std C37.111-1999 and
IEEE Std C37.111-1991) format from the
channels of the active oscillo. There is a
module to convert ZIV format to
COMTRADE, but there is none for
converting COMTRADE format to ZIV.
When this option is selected, the
application shows a panel in which the
user can set the parameters for saving the
new oscillo file.
- Page Setup: allows establishing the
configuration settings of the page for
printing.
- Preview: presents a preview of what is to
be printed.
- Print: prints the graphs of the active oscillo. For black and white printers and overlaid
oscillos, different traces are used for the printing.
- Properties: shows the characteristics of the channels of the active graph in a floating
panel.
- Quit: exits the application. Before quitting, it asks if the modified oscillos are to be
saved. If so, the user can choose the directory and name under which to save the file.

A.4.2 Edit Menu


- Copy: marks the graphs selected in the active oscillo for copying.
- Cut: marks the graphs selected in the active oscillo for copying and deleting.
- Paste: pastes the previously copied or cut graphs into the active oscillo.
- Select All: selects all the graphs of the active oscillo.

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Annex A. Oscillo Viewer

A.4.3 View Menu


- Explorer: hides or shows the file explorer area.
- Tool bar: hides or shows the tool bar (zoom, pan, etc.).
- Channel Information: hides or shows the display tree.
- Full Screen: maximizes the oscillo zone with the active oscillo.

A.4.4 Tools Menu: Phasor Calculation


To calculate phasors, several channels of the
active oscillo are selected from the Display tree
and the cursors are placed at the desired point of
the graph. If the channels are in different graphs,
the oscillo must be in Synchronized mode. When it
is in Synchronized mode, selecting the Phasor
Calculation submenu of the Tools menu brings up
the right panel:

Each "axonometric isometric" graph corresponds


to each cursor. In each graph, there is a
module+argument representation for each channel
in its corresponding color.

Selecting any of the rows (1 row/channel) in the lists of values under each of the graphs forces
the corresponding channel to be represented with angle 0, and all the rest of the modules will
be drawn with respect to this selected channel.

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Annex A. Oscillo Viewer

A.4.5 Configuration Menu


- Zoom Mode: Has 4 types of
zoom:
o X Axis: with the zoom
tool active in this mode,
whenever it zooms, a
window opens and it
zooms only on the X
axis;
o Y Axis: with the zoom tool active in this mode, whenever it zooms, a window
opens and it zooms only on the Y axis;
o XY Axis: with the zoom tool active in this mode, whenever it zooms, a window
opens and it zooms on the X and Y axes;
o Point: with the zoom tool active in this mode, whenever the left mouse button
clicks on a graph, it zooms on the point selected.
- Colors: allows selecting preferred colors
for representing channels in graphs.
- Directory: this menu option allows
changing both the initial directory from
which the files are selected for the File
explorer when the application starts up and
the current directory, which serves as the
root directory for the file explorer.
- Language and Channels: it allows
selecting the language. There are 4
options: Spanish, English, French and
Portuguese. The application is prepared
with the texts for Spanish and English.
Generating texts for the other languages
does not entail a change in the code. This
option also allows selecting the number of
analog and digital channels to be loaded
per graph. The number of analog channels
only has effect if the oscillo in which a
graph is located is in Overlaid mode.
o Analog Channels per Graph:
defines the number of analog
channels to be represented for each
graph.
o Digital Channels per Graph: defines
the number of digital channels to be
represented for each graph.

A.4.6 Window Menu


- Vertical: arranges all the oscillos vertically, one under another.
- Cascade: arranges all the oscillos in cascade.
- Window X: creates a menu option for each open oscillo for direct selection from the
menu.

A.4.7 Help Menu


- About: shows a panel with the product information.
- Help: opens the screen help.

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Annex A. Oscillo Viewer

A.5 File Explorer


The File explorer is in left zone of the user interface and has 2
parts, a lower and an upper part.

The upper part displays directories and COMTRADE or ZIV


files if there are any. The lower part displays files if what is
selected in the upper part is a directory, or channels if what is
selected in the upper part is a file with oscillograph records.
Green icons represent analogid channels and yellow icons
represent digital channels.

There are 3 different ways to make this visible:

- From the File explorer icon ( ).


- From the menu option: View / Explorer.
- Moving the cursor to the left edge of the window of the
application.

There are another 3 ways to make it disappear:

- From the File explorer icon ( ).


- From the menu option: View / Explorer.
- Clicking anywhere off the File explorer.

From the lower part, files with all their channels can be selected
or just channels independently. Holding down the Shift key
while selecting channels will select contiguous channels.
Holding down the Control key while selecting channels will add
channels to the selection one by one.

After selecting one, several channels or a complete file of


oscillographic records, keep pressed the left mouse button to
drag it to an open oscillographic display. Releasing the left
mouse button on an oscillographic record channels are loaded
in oscillographs.

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Annex A. Oscillo Viewer

A.6 Channel Information


The Display tree contains the graphs and channels of the active
oscillo. It shows the channel name, type, the current values of
the 2 cursors for the Y axis, the maximum and minimum values,
RMS value and the units:

Whenever a cursor stops moving, the corresponding values


update in the Display tree in the right part of the window of the
application.

This Display tree can be shown 2 different ways:

- From the Display icon ( );


- From the menu option: View / Channel Information.

The Display tree can be hidden 2 different ways:

- From the Display icon ( );


- From the menu option: View / Channel Information.

The order of the channels in this zone is the same as in its


oscillo.

Right clicking on a node of this tree allows operating on oscillos,


graphs and channels.

A.6.1 Selecting Oscillos


Selecting an Oscillo node in the Display tree and
right clicking brings up the right panel:

- Change Name: allows the user to change


the name assigned to an oscillo;
- Select Oscillo: selects all the channels of
the oscillo (copying channels or calculating
phasors).

A.6.2 Selecting Graphs


Selecting a Graph node in the Display tree and
right clicking brings up the right panel:

- Select Waveform: selects all the channels


of the graph (copying channels or
calculating phasors);
- Delete Waveform: deletes the graph and
all its channels from the oscillo;
- Copy: copies the selected channels to the
application's buffer for subsequent pasting;
- Cut: cuts the selected channels to the
application's buffer for subsequent pasting;
- Paste: allows pasting the previously
copied or cut channels to the active graph.

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Annex A. Oscillo Viewer

A.6.3 Selecting Channels


Selecting a Channel node in the Display tree and
right clicking brings up the right panel:

- Information Channel: shows information


about the channel;
- View/Hide: shows or hides the channel in
the graph;
- Scaling: there are two possibilities:
o Channel Multiplier, multiplies the
values of the channel in the Y axis;
o Channel Reset, replaces the values
of the channel with the original values.
- Change Color: allows changing the color
associated with the channel;
- Select: selects the channel for its
subsequent copying;
- Delete: deletes the channel from the graph;
- Copy: copies the selected channels to the application's buffer for subsequent pasting;
- Cut: cuts the selected channels to the application's buffer for subsequent pasting;
- Paste: pastes the copied or cutted channels

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Annex A. Oscillo Viewer

A.7 Graphic Zone


A.7.1 Graphic Zone Tools Edition
On the top of Graphic Zone there are shown some buttons with the
followings functions (from left to right): Add Oscillo, Delete Oscillo, Add
Graph and Delete Graph.

A.7.2 Zoom
The Zoom tool operates with 6 icons. Furthermore, 4
fixed zooms (25%, 50%, 75% and 200%) can be
selected or the zoom can be customized by editing any
other zoom in the control itself (see the figure on the
left).

- Zoom-Tool: activates/deactivates the Zoom tool. Activating it changes the cursor so the
mouse can zoom on the graphs. The type of zoom depends on what is selected in the
Settings-Zoom mode menu (see A.4.5 Configuration Menu).
- Zoom-Start: returns the zoom to the initial configuration in the zoom log.
- Zoom-previous: Sets the zoom to the previous configuration in the zoom log, if there is
one.
- Zoom-Next: sets the zoom to the next configuration in the zoom log, if there is one.
- Zoom-Last: sets the zoom to the last configuration in the zoom log.
- Zoom-Reset: deletes the zoom log and reverts to the initial configuration.

A.7.3 Pan
The scroll bar at the bottom of each graph allows viewing the proportion of the viewable data
represented in the graph. The left mouse button can act on this scroll bar 3 different ways to
pan:

- Fine-Fixed by clicking on the arrows at the ends of the scroll bar.


- Gross-Fixed by clicking off the inside bar of the scroll.
- Variable by dragging the inside bar.

A.7.4 Information
Moving the cursors changes the following values
that representes (from left to right):

- Coordinate X of cursor 1.
- Coordinate X of cursor 2.
- Difference between cursors.
- Coordinate Y of cursor 1 of each channel l.
- Coordinate Y of cursor 2 of each channel.

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ZIVercomPlus: Communications Program
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